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THE OFFICIAL JOURNAL

JAPANESE MILITARY ADM INISTRATION

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THE JAPANESE MILlT AR Y ADlyfINISTRATION

P RI.'':TED A:--:D PUSLIS HE D

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Message of His Excellency, the of J apqnese .- )fiIit,ary Tentyo-Setu, April 29, 1943 .. . , , : ,:, . , Address by His Excellency, the CO'lI).lnand,er-1n~ Chief, on the occasion ;of 't he First Anniv.eil- . sary of the Fall of ,Bat aan, April 11, :11l~~~ .!.~.:~~~' :;~ ·=!..::":tr

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Addres.s by His Excellency;' the 'Director-G'enElial '" , ,:'~ .' of , th~_ i~panes~, Mmtary. ! 4dministz:.aiiqI?-:·_:fl,ri,~tt! i-:' _':":•. Hor se'lJ:>ay, April 7, , 1~4?, at the Lun,et~Wif!:~mA~ii •

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Instructions ' from ,.His ,Excellency, the ';Di:tector'~.'~ , 'General, -at the Fourth Graduation Exercises ~~.'. for ?£fi$~rs, C~¥tr~l , Constabulary Acad1IRYJ~, -- AprIl :15, 1943 ..... " ' , .. " . .. ". , . . ... . '•. ",J xv . .. ...-=·)~t···

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Address by ,the Chairman of the Philip~ine' ·Ei=-' __ ecutive Commission on the' occasion of the_'eb-. . ';r ,,~_~;rvaJ,lce ·.of r~e- ~~rst Aimivers~ry ,?f ;hie

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AlliS ' CONCERNING ; Or. FINANCE " I tl nc~:t;\Pll

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MESSAGE L£SUED BY THE CQMMANB1Eft..: IN-CHIEF Or: TillE INl?Eru~L lA.PANf£S1E AR.MY ON THE EVE OF TENTYO-SETV-:-

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It is our greatest pleasure to .be able to c;:elebrate ~n the Philippines on this auspi<ci@us day th~ ; s.e.co.~<J 'fentyo-setu in the course of th~ G~e~ter ~ast Asia War. and offer ourJe':.er~n..t eongl'a.~la~3ns. :f~l'V~~_tl:y wishing T enno He~ka:. · H rs Ma~esly the JEniperor. a long life. and praying that the Imperial Throne may endure for ages eternal. _ . ( :""'nu: .... I am filled with infinite gFatitude that 'fenno Meika. on this Mis MajestY's 42nd Birthday. enjoy~ the .best of health. and is attending wisely and graciously, to the importal'lt affairs. @t sta:te, - ' . . .: _ l.., ' Today the eig-hte'en miHion people of ·dle ~hi1ip", p ines. public o£ficiaIs a.nd p Divate- citizens alike. are wbole-heaFtedly celeb l'ating this. glorious . festival. and oPfel1ing their felicitations to Hi~ Majesty siclIe lly ~ic!l~ with us Japanese. . .. ' . . " . ._. I • •, ...,,,, '~. ~7 Tn ' this manner. the' Filipino -pe6NI~ Jla:ve" demon ; srrated their graUtude to the August YII!ti:r~s - 01 N"~ Majesty w bicH alone have made possi.ble the bteration of East Asia from the malid~Usl- in fl'uen:G:e' the Alaglo·America ns. and to th~ imperial l3enevoIence A vhich has b ee n bestowed upon thein~ c'-:: '.:>... .: ,,, ....;;,;/ . The Greafer East Asia War whioh Japan is waging in order to crush the J!lo~~r, @f the ..AngIo~Amel'icanS; is being carried (!)ut tmceasingly in an diFeetions. At the same time. the estabLishment o£ t~,, ~~~t~~~! A sia C 0·Pr0sp erily Sl'lher@ is steadilv p r@gressing..,. l a m cxceding Ly l?~atiried - to see that' the_ Phihl'lpin~~ i, "'XCl'lh~:I he r utm ost eff@rt il'l o~der to be€ome \\,or tb· member of ' the Co-Prosperity Sphere . • On tl~ is glorious a nd ausIl icious occasio.n. I vy.~.l\ \ 0 pea Hirm Ol!I!T JeteFITIination to €aorry @~ ;'0ur' ·suli,.lime mI SSIOl'l i n aecordan ce with the August Fa; or .bes;" to\ve d upon us by Tenno Heika. . J :;.J-,G;;",_~ ~.~;[

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MESSAGE DELNERED BY HIS EXCELLENC-Y. THE DIRECTOR-GENERAL OF THE JA PANESE MILITARY A.DJVllNISTRA. -

TION. ON TE NTYO -SETU. APRIL 29. 1943. ' In obse ning T e ntyo -Setu, for the second time in the course of th e \Va r of Grea ter E as t Asia. I cons ider it a great h onor to atte n d this ceremony h eld under yo ur al~,pi c~s antI tr, jnin yon 1n rende ri ng to H;s I n, p~ ri,, 1 >h:jPs ly, the T ~llno Hel"'\ o[ J apan . our pl'o fo und ar..d }lum blc fe iicitati ons for H is p ros peri ty and Ii! e cyer -ra ~i: ing. pray ing' d y otedly_ t.h:::.t =-tis reign may endure unto time ete rnal. R evere ntl y, it is t o be observe d that T entyo-Se tu is sponta n eous ly commemorated with a we and solemnity by the entire population of Japan b ecause it is the Birt h day Anniversary of His Imp eri a l jVIajest--, .the reigning T en no Heika of Japan, who comes from a lIn e u nb rok en for ages eternal and who sits on a Throne \.... hich r epresents more than twenty-six centuries of continuous succession. To the 100 million loyal Japanese subjects of Tenno Heika, this is truly a day of great rejoicing when fervent prayers are offered that His Bene-volent Rule may last forever and His Imperial Person may enjoy life everlasting. Now that the boundless Benevolence and Magna. nimity emanating from the August 'Virtues of His Imperial Majesty have ' _come to extend over all the people of the Philippines, it is both fitting and proper that this day should be deClared, as it has been done since last year, a day of national rejoicing to be solemnly observed by the 18 million Filipino people_ Indeed it is a matter of great satisfaction that the people of the Philippines have come to see in this day, a memorable occasion 'when th ey can p ay homage and gratitude to the Boundless Virtues of His Imperial Maj es ty and for the numerous manifestations of His B enevolence and Magnanimity which are d ai ly becoming more and more apparent wi th every progress the New Philippines is steadily making t o\va rds its

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goal of independence.

J am t horoughly convinced that the Filipino p eople a re d oin g then. uhnost and will continue to increase {neil' affol·ts to shoul d er their share of the responsibility for t he es tablishment. ;n East A sia. of th e sph ere of common prosperity and lasting peace based on the et hj~aI Pl'incip les of m oral justice and bro~hel1ly love as ~xp:reGsed in the Japanese i€leaI of :ldak.ko Itiu: ' l'1y fervent wish, on this occasio!'l. is to remind all that th e prac tical application of this p Finciple of Hakko luu reqUITes as a prerequisite. the renaissanee of the " Spirit A' the East" among yourselves. 1n other words. it is absolu tely necessary that you revive, from out of the i nl1eren t qualiMes now Tyi ng dOP\TI a n.t so mewh eres in the d epths of your natio nal souls. those distinctly O riental virlues of frugality a nd fOl.titude, perseverance and industry, simplicity and economy. self-abnegation ~ Bnd seU-sacz#'ice. since these virmes ha:ve undel1Iain the greatl1ess of all Oriental nations £Fom time immemorid. The New P hilippin es can be established on endm1ng foundatio ns only whe!'!. all th e Filipinos come toge ther as one m a n to create a new spirit which shall be t:alled t-he Spirit of the Orie n ~aliz e d Ph ildppines. Th revival and gro~,·th o f this in di gen cms fo un da tio. , ,; b+; is the only factor w hich ca n in fa llibly lea d thia "afon to its long-sou ght independence an d sim'l.l.fia.><'ously ''''Hh this in d epen€Ience the glory of havi",_" contributed .her fuJI shar-e to th e establis h mer..t of th e CiJ~Prosperi -:-,~ S~-he!:e o[ Or: e!1t a I peopTes. iyl the final 1l llak,is, ' ;1'5 is il. ~u H ('ol'Formi l',' will. l!' e IrnperraI \" 'i>J~. ar!2 ;,; 3" l:!' effor t to a tt;::i;l j l1J~pel1' den· e in -\<:: shcrh'~~ poss' ~lt ii rn(=' lies tIle :1105: }irO~e t me thod f) expreS6~!, " \ ow' "ratitude for the (' QlllltieS 5 a cts of ::'.enevo]encc ~aJ~d !, r:gnanimity bestowe d upon the F;!ipino peop le by H is Im fJeriaI Majesty. th e T e lano Hed'l! of

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29. i8th Year of 511O\\'a,

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ADDRESS DELIVERED BY HIS EXCELLENCY. THE COMMANDER-IN-CHIEF. ON THE OCCASION OF THE FIRST ANNIVERSA RY OF THE FALL OF BATAAI\' , APRIL 11, 1943. Today, wh en we a re comm emorating the First Annivers"rv of th e F a ll of B" taa n. let u,: carry om thought s back to th e e'.-e n ts ",hieh transp ired ahout thi s tim e las t \"ear (I nc! co nsid"r: i)1 ihe fig ht of ltistol'ic persp ecti\", ' " :h., deen ]i Q·ni fiG,J'c(· of lh" !::"e" t contes t oi arm s ' . , . ' i.l~ \l, IC!::' ' :'- ~~' ~ 3 a n nT rrt O U n ,t t;.d• Jt · i Y\-Ilie .: !-o oh: rL.. t:'~ ~I!.

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repea ted ;ttenl pts to prC:Yf' n t tfiis un il ~ress~r-y shedding of Filipino b lood.

"

The entire world now lmows. from facts which now adorn the pages of world history, that v.-ith the might and force at their di s posa l. it w as a n easy matter for th e J ap a nese Arm y and ~- avy lo wipe out, not one. but a ll. th e s trategic po sit ions a nd strongholds of the Anglo-Am erican powers throughout East Asia. The capitulation of the peninsula or Bataan was consequently, in itself. a comparative minor task in the general militar:y operations. The particular difficulty of the campaign. as conceived by the E."peditionar)' Forces to the Philippines, did not lie in "the -strength of the enemy positions, nor in the great di~­ tance of operations from horne-bases . or the unfamiliar jungle terrain. but in the single fact that the forces directly opposing the Japanese and bearing the fuTI brunt of the onslaughts were composed entirely of Filipino youths-the very people that the Japanese had come to liberate and befriend. This fact. and this fact alone, was the greatest single obstacle confronting the Imperial Japanese Army in the entire course of the Philippine campaigns, and it is highly exigent. in any retrospection of the Battle of Bataan, that every Filipino appreciate the significance of this essential fact to the fullest extent of this power of understanding.

vii


F or f0rty l ong yea rs, ti, e A m ericans had 0aFTiedI on f,l~eir \'\'li U propaganda tb rocrg'h cvari0l!1s ageNcies. and their messages had seepeciI iNto ~I~ e suli)(:0l~s0ious minds ef every FililDino, l!IRtil Amoricao ptol~agandla was d eep ly ingl1a ined jin I'he brain-cellIs 0F ~he e,ntine nation. "r his jJfo0]Dagandla was <" leverI y il!l~d C0HsistentIy based o n the simple theme 01 " Ameri<(8, I~e Greatest and ${q;OI1flfes't a rnct Nobl es t C OI!Niltry in the \V0rld ." AmI the strenllt.h a n d riQhteoumess 0f Un 01e Sam weFe heralded in lon d terms, to be repea~eJ Rpe-liiJ!<e by A .mericanize d FiJiJ?~nos, a nd accepte d and le,tt to go un(JhaUel~ge d by a U, A~ a Iileoessary part of tLlis propagan da techaiqme. sped a l drof ts 2,'eDe taken 10 keep the truth oonoem.in g J ap an a'w ay from the eyes and e1'd'S of tlileo Filtpin0 people, an d as ill €0ns e qllel~oe of th is s tru diied program the i n !labita n£s 0f these Islands bad T0ng l iyed w ith out the sli ghte~t noti011 of, or wo cse stilI, and interes t in. tl.e TI0ble a,;~d just Jilohd es 'oF the J.a{pan ese E mp'ire a mI the incalcuIakIe p ower fl ild shiengrh i nhe veTht i n the pollitieaL eCOIlOlnoic and spiritu a l stmcture ef the~r closest l'leigl~ lJor a'l~ m logrcal pI'0~e ct0rs . Th e F;Jlipill 0s of Ihis gcnerati0Ll had b een bro ught up ~n sud~ c om p lete i ~I~ OraIQCe 01 J apan and the Jajlla n ese that ",he!) the li me for il,,' i,r cruda l decisio 'l hetwef.'1'i Jap=tn a n .\ m cri cn came, ~he} badly misinlerpreted :he reii.l~Hes of the :' it'Un.t i 01l cO~lLo'llting .heir naiiQno. desti llY, a n d tragically mu ci", the ',nong deeo' ion , AT; '_u,biased c'\:aJuat~(Jn @f i;he _-\meri,C: :l~' p r(' !~i$t:' of ill dependen,('~ is i} g'o('d c.: _.'n' '\ ':... ,· ... t:,: I liJ.yprQcrisy and bL 1n('~r;~- .. ';~:.' ~ ! • .. i 1: ;' 1 <'l\"iminal mthjesm':~ £ [I (1::, _" ,he Fi!t:pmos l:I11~ vca si.ll·c'~' " '.;1, 'Ne.ll ·tf.e v: heir ft.rr.att'-gcs, \-\~.hy i':':' ~"r: i:n"ol\ t_, :!:e:,;,: p e;;;tJe-!ovlng pe<:rple ilt the pn':ent "'al! ' f••

: '

,-

.

If th y had ?eaHy cm'ed for ilv"h 'hlile hrown ;"1'0 thers" and earnes tly d esked to' 5hm~'er l1pOH tl.,em tLt: 1Ie~.sings d theiT~I3G -caned "dem ocracy " , wIt,y did tll "Y n oi ~ive to the 'F,ihptno 'J!}eople a chance to d ecide f,(!) F ~hemselves theu own fate by h a \'i;n!1 allo\H'cd I h em to voice their <own choice on w~r o r n;utrah~'? viii

,

. ;-

:


:yPlriiIli!~' Aniiric~iis 'jealli - hef& r

. ,

.1 ,

the'

f6~~~6st rcofti;e~

asl l:o·twhat~;;r' 'goold''fof th€:nFiliPi~os: r;as' 'm~ch' ~Eis

li

fhey.prSfes'sed q 'lc:!o-'\'S o:ili.:'" the'it- l)tIblic..jeXIlt'esJi(in~, why ';ilid-'they filI the frbn't· lirtes wifh 'the "f!awer" o£ I " " 1 d ana", '., IKeep ' !, A ~,I ( Fi'1ipind riiimnol) ' t heir ' own 'ruiiericail. so Idi~rS" iri the ' compamtive' "safe'ty~ bF :the 'tea). ' linbs "'or uhi:ler' the-'bomb 2'probf 'shEiIt~rs ';0£ lhiCiJe 'to'Hcrete ':'inAhe ~ ,,! HI \'J tunnels of Corregidor? And jinally. ii the Americans ~r'ea1Iy lo,:~J 'the ,FilipIno's and ~re 'sincere', lit ' t~eir 'pfocfamati6n: that t~Jy were resisting the' 'Japaliese."'not for' the ~iif<e1 o~ presewing Ameri~an " ~oyJt'ei'gntY I,bver ' the ' Philippines: but to help defend FilrpiI].o sbil '£roni. Axis ·inv~sio'n. and conquest, why did 'the! enemy !'Commantler:mChief. ' Douglas " Ma~Arihi:ir;'" ~ecretly ! iiitJ ' '!hviffIY absc'on~ from tile Philippih~s' as ,early as March ' 12th . thir.ty days before' 'the' a'ctual 'Fall ' of B~taan;" desertfu'g his triIsting f.riends amI' followers. and 'leaving the ' youthful and 'inexperien:c~d Filipino ~oldiers whom he himself had called to ,the! colors. to face ' alone" th~ terrible 'onslaughts ' of the 'Japanese general offensive?

i,'Now)~at the .,di~ ,8f ,!?~ttl~ ,h~s' dieJ. , ~w~r' ~I}d. t4~

sobering effects of stark reality have cleared the' minds of the shxp~~ c~~e~ ."bi A~t;;icjln ' pr~p~g~riJa. " t1~ filipino pe,?pI,~, h~ve ~~oIii~ ,~~ s;leaJi1y s~,e ' f~r t~e~~f1Yes the , insjncerity and, in~um~nity of their erstwhile_ Am~r.ica~ p1~te~~. ' ' 1h~' 'p~n.t-up fury, and v~~gean'ce of th~ bereaved fa:ihili~s ~r~' now dir~cted', ag~iris( lli~ Am~'A~~nt~ii~ o~~~i ~g~i;; ~~~ear~dthei; ' h:~e '~~t~r~. fo~ - th~ I ~e~o~J ti~e ,iir'th~'irl>;~Iati~~ship " ~ith 'th~" Fa= i~i~os...p.r' ~~~0~g' \h~~;.')~t'aS;' t~E1Y ~a{ 'd?p~ )~~ fathers , ,an~ _ ~ran~fat;bers; ,~o~ " t~e , present generatt<?~ forty-four years ago in lh~ Incjdent of San Juan Hins. This unforgivable betia~I '~t , Filipino itrusl i~ "th~ midst! of battie is onli ';one" 'e,''Cample ' Iof the ' cold. blooded•.-inereenar-y - polie-y-of- Amel'iGan- doUal'--futperialism. - There are countless others equally Unbea~­ able and unforgivable. Intelligent and high-minded Filipinos. in official and "private 'stations. are 1today enraged and furious. and rightly so. at the brazen sight of. their 'former :self.prof~ssing ' friends and'-pr.o-

ix

I

,

i"-=- - -


aFtel' d\ e .seenri~ and safet;y, o£

lMe~. en~irely :UnmincUuf of ,a ll~ .

J:Q, '. even-going t~ tli~ . fm~~ amends for an the miSel'f,. suffertlrei have . ht;aped ~on the f)l.lpi;l!o nly fau lt was that they were unqu,esbel'ief and rnus~ in fluneciClaIl prop'~-

Qe.ec!uess

tioning in ganda _ __ ~.~--.~.-------------------'?ITr:rr~'. 'Fhe Fall of of pre;ent day a n.d hopeful manhood. ' of ..Ameciean . and ex;ploitation: 'Fihese saer~f,iCes and losses are fIraly iJJreparahle unto eternity;. I res~~~t~lIy, ta:I<e. tb ~~pie.io~\ oeeasi~n ' fOpay ~¥ . homag~- !<i fhe mep1o~ o( ~ht;d!allow:ed w~.; C?f"aII Filipin.oi,. w~ , <lead who fought, so~ hra:vely. whe!l the supreme : hoUl'., came7i1In;besitafifigly deIHYlteif .tq join them forefilJthers in the life he~ter. ,tlinclIy he;, lie;vini , WIto c~e veliY ,last breath , of theh: Y9~l lives .• ~~t *ei. l~ere maIkJng t;he , sQ:J?~me.!_~~fiif!c.e, .m defence of them h eloved countn' Mainst foreign. in' I " 'F ': .T..:I . \T ." ' ;(1 ! . I ~ < -. f vasion; , 0 ' llle LDereaiVel'1 p arents ' anu re atiiV~ '. 0 these , ~o~~·~ ~,[ ~ar ' clea~; !' ",,:or<Th,' ~,~ . i~ufficie~r!? exp,r ess tfle ' dep,fh of my sincere lID"d heartfelt·, coni doleiite~ , 'fil' tF..'k ~th'el' yelun'g' 'm en' wh6. t'oO<k.~~'lri tha t 'tftanie' 't'!l~li of a lnis tut who i{r~· f~rfurlaf~ry b a,ck' '\.vitll. m;- leiC tFi€ Battle oE Bcita~xY r.fei!~~·~riff 'ii tainted tomhsf~J~'.'fo American hy,pa~ ltintl h~hily~

!ID,4-

~ct;Ubly" i~ri6~ni~)iirlind "Oi:I~6-~' ~u:;~ ,1iffil'Ic~

ra des' ;";ent % tIicii>' d~atfis ' Wifhot.;:t- llie' sfighes~ IHio~~ · 'J' , ' ... -> .' ,'-; Tl' " oj-; r' ,· TI ~ ~" . T ' = ' ... ' Ji .... ,1q; e dge" O( sw.picion biat' " tn:~y naa: "aJreflUY , veeri ' o.e~· trayed ..~.i' theif ~ ecicari '\Ieadgrs'-fu~~tlis beFo~1 'tli€Y. - II'~ ' I ' r~ ,'.. ~.:- .. ~-" ,:J- . 'mh\>"'1i'{· so. wi ing y gav!i rup'~~riei'f;' 'ive~: ' " • , f .- '~ . . , ..... , '~~ c

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, Thel'c:"js ~ut. 9!!~; CGurs~ . Iefl;,Jo the FiI!P.ing; p~gru~ loday l'iI!.cL f,4~~ il!, to~ ~a~{Y . rh~ . t!)reli lef,t.fo, th~ :£t,.q.~ . th~ AyirI~U}~ds, ,~~~. th~!!'L~PJU!-. @d brothers'fi,futJ!~~ .

,y.

~nq ~~~:!PJ§~ o,W's,J ,s. the s!l~c{H'~ti.. .to ;..lir.jng,1t~ sug:essfq!f ~Wm.j-'Jatjolh fq~ ..ide!lIs for vyht~hr. tl)..M~ supr~e .~~p'i{i€e$-_ wet~ :m~d~-rll.' Lose .P.9·, time. iIb bJii1.sI; inll,,up ~~e ~tl~Wi, ~I~pp'(Q'Il~!' ~!!te~ii!1Iy.land §pjrt.tuJJ.~.

ant:


#; lh{!p-;JSitidFt!ar-' {i'O';{or"'ajia iii~epe'n(feb't~["5fnce ',that

.iA G ~h1tt °llie~!~'" ;nveJs ~erE?)s'o 'llmselfishly;- giveIi?;up f for.

r

Re~i~ tIi~ jsp)Iitfff-Filipirt6'rhationaliSmtto-~h~'heights ~Ii~r~" 'RizaFonci(! ele~ated if 'and strive" t6 'make <of

yoiirs~r~e~ a'nJ-:-y~Ur ~i,uhhy ' a : truly , great ~pow~r ' i~ EiisCtpJia: ( . Yotu obligations to ' the sPirits 'of ·the : de ~ ~kllied ,s oql;" caH. te ~afd to' ' have' been' fulfiIIed ·o.~fy on that glorious day wlren you celebrate the ~uccess~ fuI l:cifr~in'~tio,ri', 'of your national ambitio~, _

'\

a

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--

..

Today. that national ambition is fast becoming an actuality. With the fonnar reiteration of Premier T OZ =·yo on January' 28th. the independence of the Philip· pines is no longer the empty dreams of Filipino po.. triots _or the sham promises of American, politicians: but an imminent reality 'materializi ng Jay by day, hour by hour. Nor is the independence b ding guaran· teed by the Japanese Empire, upon its wof d of honor, the empty independence of ou~ard fo~ and false appearances. It is real and tangible irldependence with vitality and substance. It is an ir~dependence which is both practical and workable. ~t is left to you, the liwng, to attain this goal in -the shortest possible time. 'In this connection you -1iII do ~eIl to take to heart the lessons (r~m the history -of human experiences, that witl'iout sacrifices there Ican be no success or permanence of succ.ess-national or personal-and that the resultant success is invariably commensurated with the grearness of the sacrifice. The departed youths of the Philippines, without a moment's hesitation. willingly threw away' th~~r lives and died with smile on their faces in the mistaken belief _that such .was the road .to independence. I Now that it is clear that not only is your cause f orthy and desirable, but the probability of its attainment is both certain and. imminent. can there be any justification - - - on -th~-palt- oLany__li..ving,-Eilipino,_y.oung_ br_ old._who ~rofess~s t~ love ,his cou~try, to hesitate jor procrastin~te m hiS effor.t to ~ulfill the n;a~ral llrerequisites of mdependence. espeCIally when It IS not their lives that is ~eing called for this time. but only their honest labor and strong determination?

xi


In eommemoraHng the F irst An iversary of the ,Fall of Bataan, all lOyal ~iligi,n~3 ,'~.agrtprope~ly- ~o_ hdld this hisforie day as the day uponJ ~hiet; they ~uld renew fi'Ieir- solemn pledges to the m~mo:t'y o~ their waF dead and to .fhe , haHowed SPiFits 1ofthei~ foref~thers that the intlieIDencIenee of the Phi 'ppines will be definitely and spee(,b ly eFfected-- fhl' ugh ~he sweat of Filipino brow s and the toil of Flh1fmo h an'ds; -ih.:e c-aUs-e.-----t- - - the inclependenc;:e whieh they Rre seeking is distinetly and charaeteristieaIIy, E"ilipino.

I __ _.

A!3riI

,11 th,

18t~ year

of Showa.

. ,

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ADDRESS DELIVERED BY THE DIRECTORGENERAL OF THE JAPANESE MILlTARY " - ADMINISTRATION ON HORSE DAY. APRIL 7~ t94.3. AT THE LVNETA PARK.

,t .' i.

My

•I

dea r Filipino friends:

~.-

•• ~!

1

.:1

Aprrl 7.th has been se t aside as Horse Day not o.nly in Japa n and the Philippines but ifl every member co u ntry of the Greater East Asia Co-Prosperi~' Sph ere. where various commemorative ceremonies are being undelta ken this day ' to emphasize and instill th e spiri t of kindness towards one of m~n 's greatest friends......--th e horse. It is therefore ' fitting and opportune that we are' holding. unde r the auspices of the Philippine Executive Commission, a parade in 'c eIehration of this day i~ the capital city of' Manila.

'.

From tim e immemorial. there has existed a close relationship between the improvement and increased breeding of horses, on .the one hand, and the development of industry and communication, on the other, The horse was first introduced into the Philippines from Mexico arou~~ 1590. It quiddy became very popular among the ' people during the middl~ of the 17th century largely by reason of ,the activities of the mounted \.Iigilantes who fought off the bands of "Tirongs" who. at about this time, frequently harassed the towns along the western coast of Luzon. The fle et. intelligent and faithful horses r; ndered valuable service in repulsing these pirate bands. Subsequ e ntly, -the d emand for - h-orses, whose use- fulness was proved in various activities, increased from year to year, reachipg its height about the-middle of the 19th ce ntury whe n th e horse.d.rawn--':calesa,_' _'calLr'-~_-lI--_ __ retela.' th e 'kilis' and th e 'dublin' h ecame the com· mon means of land transportation. Today in th e city of r-1anila alone there are approximately ' lO,ooo horses, ./ while th e fi gure for the e ntire Philippines is more tha n 340,000 head. These animals are rendering faithful

V

xiii

- -- -- ---'"


and u ncompl a ining 'service to th~ ~reation of the New Philipp ines. _ 4

â&#x20AC;˘

~

-

".

The P hili ppine hOTse is sm~II ~nd under-~i~ed but it is w ell-developed . a n d n o t only is it physieaIIy weIIproporlioned. but its great ability to withstand heat as well as its enormous en durance are widely known. -cJillYi'ecer11/Y: a gift of six or t1 e~ best available speci- mens 0'ÂŁ the P hilippine horse w~ graoiously aeeepted by th>a lmpel'ial H ousehold. My dea r F ili; ino friell{is: It is my earnest desire to extend ki nd treatment to the native Philippine horse in active .ooper-ation wi th Y0Ul' individual efforts. and rto develop thereby t o the highest degree possible its characteristi c features so that we can a ll accelerate. at a faster pace th an a t p resent. the breed in,g of Philippine hOl'Se~ flnd by this means speed up the progress of industry and communication in .the Tew Philippines.

xiv


('

!.

lNSFRUCTtIONS FROM HIS EXCELLENO:r;;,'EHE <:rDlRECTO-GENERAL. ' :AT , THf3 ,FOVRTH " :,,:.:; ,GRADUATION EXERCISES.POR 0EFk '%I,, 1 , _; CERS. ,CENTRAL CONSFABU', I[,;i LARY ACADEMY. APRlL t5" t9'43':"',ii '". ,', "'" ;1 , 'll: '.:"!-~oOo~_ r. - ~"rr; !t·-:;!J:r;.,l' . ~ .. I~' i ~ .tJ.' : ~ ~'U"L< : . ~.;'!-' I .:' ) -. ; .J1;';:)frr }r;-=- ~'fi ! . . J(

;,

:

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!

In commemorating the" Fourth Graduati~ Ex!1rcises for OHicers at this CenqaI Constabulary A€adE;my. I wish to offer to all con~emed my sincere congratulations as well as ~xpre'ss a few .words pt~i~ance ,.for the benefit of the memb~rs of the gradqating ,f;~s, , First of all. ler me commend you ,highly,'Jor~ the diligence and zeal with which you have pursued you'; coUrses of srody ever since your enrollment Jrl this Academy. As a well merited reward for your co'nsistent and faithful industry. you are being graduated today 'to enter into what is by far the most honorable and responsible calling open to young men in the Philippines today. I can appreciate your individual pride and satisfaction in having fulfilled your original ambitions and I certainly wish .to join you and your families in the joy and happiness of this m'e morable day. The Philippines. which you will be presently serving to the best of your ,energy and capacity- in the , v'ery first lines of Public service-as peace officers. is ' today rapidly undergoing metamorphosis from its em'p ty shell of Oc€identalism to a new and glorious rebir.th ~'one of the leading Oriental nations. a proud member of th-;' Co-Prosperity Sphere of Greater East Asia. ' l:1nder the energetic leaders hips of the Japanese Empire. the Filipinos with deep understanding and appreciaHon of Japan's real motives. have carried out numerous, farreaching improvements 'Lnd innovations. and the ' ~er: fate of the masses. which is the ultimate criterion of ' aIr g'o od go;emment.-riillitary or civil. has beengreatlY--::: enhanc~d. All the people in the Philippines. high and low. are actively ,cooperating in this noble ;task of rebuilding their country. The determination and hard work which individuals in all walks of life are

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.

I~


1,----

show in to carry out i n prnctice the three cardiniiJ points 'ID the progJ'am- for Philippine Independence based o~ the official statement -of Premier Tozyo and outli nedl by me, are truly remarkable. There is only one item of regiet a nd di sappoin tment in an otherwise satisfact6ry picture, and that is that .there are still remnaRts misgui d ed- p eop le- wh o aFe~1>lind~.to-the fad- that their acts of d epredations an d prIla ge are hurting no one but their own blood and k Ol. anti that far from beinO' patrio ts and h eroes. their continued e2nstence is a definHe obstacle to th e early attainment- of Philippine Independen ce. T h ey are, in company 'with Anglo-American forces. p ub lic enemies of the. re- _ juv.e nated Philippines. .and their extemlinanon is lby far the greale:t l'inglc ce.!\ponsibility not only of the Constabulary service bur f aU loyal Filipinos ,who wish to Be~ thei!' country independent int he shoNest possible !lime. .' So 'imiPort~1 t ts this ma tter of domestic peace and order that I wish to emphasize this point agaiD to those of you tp whom the gFeater shalle of t his tremendous task will be d elegated. P eace and order tkuout the P hilippia es must be os tablished immediately and p ositive-'y. Fading th i!, 'can hardly see h ow ~ndepen­ d ence is I ever .0 be wo I Ul yoar 0 "n generation since Wi thout 'peace .hld !ltd"., lhere can be no .economic rehabilitation 0 cultu.ral progress. Cj: o Ut ¢o!l) ..acTe~ find "~lli<J1'S who al'e already.in the fi eld . fully :realize toe Jti'B.vlty of this }'esponsihility and are active at the:r posh). risking ,their very lives in the -interest of hringing abo·ut -peaee and order in theirrespecth'e di~tricl~ ."0 'hat the peaceful in h ab~tants may be al)Te to ~O'Vli ami r.?Olp sn-ct J:llrOS1per. The recoreIs of their unse fish and cOUfagl'OUS service w ill go down in history, Emulate their exam,ples •..hen you too go out into the ,field to l",ke YOLl!:. plaoe of honor and 'trast as gmmIiBt1s -of p eaceful people. . . ,- : •.>_ 4il' In view of :he im portEu.ce of lheil' mission under the ne1d Old 2' ; thing"~ ~Q; d~lJtl.Iary offkers are called upon to consiste ntly w ork ro;c seI£-improv~ment and self-perfectio'!l, }\s slq)erior offic ers you sholJld: be

7

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re-

,llie~inefiibers of the Philippine Consfah~"a~, ; ~ ~wo~ to the ulmo·s t oL yo"ur abUitv "

'IiIrelidy

- l~~{l gJ~·~rft:;:ii~r-fu· Tit

PhiriP'Pl[~~!s~t'tI1Jt 1;l:;1!

Jnd

.'Y~~1-lf~_~n ·Wil[t?~1t.al5J¥'~ ;f~ ~x\lolt}it' the ear-

tot;

liest opportunity, ~c'terlshea: 'WafionilT ambition of :J~ep~n'den~eio·t~~~op !.~ d"''l'JQ l. .;i19fi! Jr •

"' .;~a;1t ~iP: :ilii '~rJNjc<;( l:t >'l)~nh." -,,,-,,£ 'J', -, ./.

-'! -'~B: .:'{lgjd.~~tk-.;{e!H';;,,~,, ~~~~ _ ·ul 'L,~ ;·i2ii<!)'r )J"<]·;- :d-f ~ " :-/. . ¥:1-:ct~?i ' tqTI..:.? ;L·T·1 ;r.:. \~ bti. . :~~":l':"'" !~::o ·.,Jir:- .~;~~7'i. f b~$;'. · h:.~i?i. ~., W,!t( t'~"':'f 1'tht~-;"'I .. hrlH !;-!ir.:~~ldi.l ~Iir ~.'-ti :".1 .,·.-! .• lrJ ... ! ..~I;.h.iJ.f ·-,1 ",,:" ':1

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ADDRESS "DELIVERED'"' BY'" GENERAL I.-OF FTHB' lAP ADMINtSTRA TION' FERENCE "OF - , '". " YO~' .AND SENIOR INSPECTORS OF .. " PROVINCE~,. 9EB!:!: . .....:..'-i~~ti.i'~~*_----l__.:..-._-.:J

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I take great pleasureof '"g~~e'rnors, (~it;:' rr:~yJ~~ , spectors 'of the Visay~iij Pro~n6~~;Y" . '

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It is a matter of great pride and ~joicing. Jor.i.aIl of us who are true Asiatics that toda:y .in East~Asia. th e Jast vestiges of- Anglo-Amer'ican'~ ~oV;er .hliYe ' 1iee'n irreparably crushed and completely swept away. leay~ ing the liberated and jubilant peoples of ~L Asia free to build and enjoy for themselvfs. fo1' J!ti first time in many centuries. a sphere of treir q,wn. wh.ere permanent peace. prosperity and security;. based on_ the immutable laws of natural justice J,nd the Oriental traits of brotherly trust and coIIaboranGn. will prevail. Nor can this sphere ever be assailed o~ molest ed again by hostile forces, for the military phasc6 of this gigantic "var of liberation have heen carried out 'with such overwhelming success that the strategi~' economic. and political bulwarks of Nippon and her aJlies a~c verit" ably unassailable, impregna1le and i vnln~rahle. " " Let those who. at this b~lated -hour. are stiU swaY~4 ' • or influenced by empty talk about an enemy €ounfer~ offen sive ag~inst the Philippjnes. conSider [t e- -rudi-,-..., mentary truth of the maxi m -~f modem warfare- that- a military ou tpost or a dvanc e position which c~uld nol'-'-. " be defended on its own strength in the first plac e;:when all the odds were in its favor. can never lre "-r~ 0<: taken " again. Furthermore. let the~ honestly askr ~ themselves. in the -innermost 'l'e~esses 01 the"k.. this fundamentaJ question: Why- should Ii" ~e fm loyal Filipin.o. the logical successor -of RiZaI; Buti' Bonifacio. the inheritor of all :tlie sacr~d traditio ns ; n heritage of his hallowed " 'an~tors; _:::~C~..<'J'":;;;~.:'"

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.lAmeridin 5dver~ignty over ', Ilis

.~1I ·his countrymen afe 50 ~ncon­

OYl[IOnauy .e~lgatgeu 7in soh,j ng ,the .practical problems of, howl-;,to attain: -,fn .. the shortest possible time. the ~~t !~dep'e;"'gence promised and reiterated by Japan ? 'liTFor ,S't lch' -is indeed ~ the 'reality facing this country ''tJ3ay_ t Whi1e d hese \ misguided 'and Janus-mi~de d ~reiiients are wasting their time in h esitation . procra s't ination . and_ wishful thinking, the course of Asiatic history ·has progressed with the inevitableness of Fate, so .that the J>hilippines is today on the very threshold of its much - longed-for independence, \ Vit h this attainme~ of independence is simul ta neously guaranteed full membership in th e- family of Orienta l nations so· ,that sucIi:, independence. once established. may b e l ermaRent and laSting for all time. The condition for he ' aUainment of these two goals is simply the con, cienHous fulfillment of only one responsibility; name-fuore ..!angible evidence of cooperation with Japan m her work of establishing the Co-Prosperity Sphere ror the benefit of all Oriental peoples. chief among tvhom are· the Filipino people themselves. .

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'''I;t; is •. __ , regrettable for the .future prospect of Phlhppme -mdependence that the Vlsayan islands should 'still contain isolated bands of mis~ided individuals who to thi; day refuse to believe in the sincere and honorable intentions' of Japa:n. and who "are still carrying on their futile resistance against constitute'dauthorities. ' blindly' believing in the false malicious prop-aganda broadcast by their former and domin!ltors. the Americans. who are daily I:\arwlsed wi:th the increasing need of covering' up their '.military .fiascos and weaknesses. Such ~h~ld " be _c1~sified as publi~ enemies of, the llU' lUILJllJl'~". and, ~aitors ,to their '_co~nbyID~'n . b~~~,~~e' ..can only .result ! n ..delaying the ,a~tain­ your -patfonal ambition ' and. if ~~~itted to ¢olntinue ' for 'I,ong. lllay. even je9pardi~e the attain~ ,.\lXYtat,indepen,de~~,~ . it~elf; '. "11" .•immediate eradication of tliese sources of evil ,disruption •. · and the purging frol? _ your _ body

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politic, once and for all time; all tr.aces of, 'na.tional weakness and disunity in order' that .the rejuvenatedPhilippines, once jnd~pendent, may be able to enjoy the Fruits of her independence ' to the Runest eJitent,' are indeed the objectives of the current mopping: up cam,: paigns of the Japanese Military' forces. At the same time, however, the Imperial Japanese : Army fuIh> realizes that thes~ misguided , eleJ;llents are also Rili., pinos in blood and heritage; 'ane! that some ot them may be the acquaintances, childhood friends or eved relatives' of the peaceful inhabitants of the , Visayan Islands. It is for this reason tl\at" while the' mos.t drastic military operations will be (lontinued against those who persist to offer resistance and pellpetTate acts of destruction and depredation against t,heir ' own coun~en, th~reby otstruding the spe'edy realization of Philippine independence, the most lenient ,and mag~ nanimous treatment will be accorded it o those people who; although ' now living in the midst , of fhese law~ less bands', are doing so against their will 'and entire; Iv because they are at the meroy of their l captors! This policy is applicable not only to the -civilian popu~ lation but the same lenient poliey will also be extended to former members of the U$AFFJ::,regiUdI~~ of previous beliefs, associations, or activiti~s ag$.s\ the Imperial Japanese Forces, provided they-" suIT~nde! themselves without further delay to the nearest' ,milti tary or civil authorities. Contral'¥ ' to ,' Amel'ican, ;. inspired pro paganda, lives "" ill be protected and no torrur£: will be in flicted, L e t no one doubt the si.ncerity and binding forces of the "",ord of hon or of the Imperial Japanese Army as exp ressed by th e hi ghest source of authority here in the Philipwines. Those who are skeptical lliy natUre or ';;vIQO have lom.g b een {,be vic tims of AmeJlk'a n':pi-1Y paganda, should consider the deep significan~~ of th~ fact that in Bataan. when bi all' the lil~s and pta~ tices of modern warfare, the Imperial Japanese' A:iHi§ ...vas entirely free to annihilate e'n emy foriie[hff~i:iIig resistance. the High Command withheld its tremen- ' dous striding power to the y; ry last momimt; -e\rej}.· i\~ "

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men t'o join their families and work.J o,r Jh,e. ,~~Jv~; tion of their own .countrY, . l' c. r : ' , ..,C. -;"1"" I'~?'n f~-~ I· El"(!il. co, -,dt ,",. ")C 'N Ii . .'U "b,._-I 'l1-e po ig: 0 eni,;ncy ~na }Ilagnat;liw~tY. now elM ~t~!de:.l·' '~ h'~ '" e"o ' I~d . 'elli~ .: i~' 'th:~ ·\;;~~nt.tin~ ...; .bY"'~ b"i.~"""'·hr-P. ~.m . r.f~Py;[";~fl ij. ,,' Ti<!l!1:f ~::>D[';"P;'d' !!1l).1m~tes ,h:oIIli ~l e , ~ame '; e~lmg, ql cqlIlnl!!!S~O~ .. an, ~~~~~ ",.;';e"r· ih~ , ~elfare' ~f .th' '. FiI' ' iri~~ ' aD:J' 'j '

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~~'r~!~~st:~~h ~'at 'the ~ffi~iaklJ1i~~'~ ~~~"P., r:~'t~ citizens of the Proyinces of the Visay<in ~IanJs~ake

it. ~~n\~h~insel~es ::t~ t~c,arry tt.is .me5~~ge·lci · t~€.p: .o~~e still m ,hldmg. It .!S my conVIctIon ' t'hat patriotic FIll' piluig' wtII· gladly' do so. evel}' at the 'eXpense ' bF t4eir personal safetY amI' comforf sinc~ there :is ' today 'iro sacrifice which is too ~reat .to be ~pd~ed it · that .Ifl~~ directly leads to the early attainm~nt of !hiIi~~ine independence. .' . . I There is no truth which is more generally accepted or more strongly felt 'py all Filipinos today than the statement that the elCecution of the-three.point cardinal program for Philippine independence rests entirely on the fulfillment of the first condition; namely. estaBlish. ment of complete peace and o~der through the rititia' - tive and effort of the Filipinos themselves. ' domestic peace~ there can be no security for .tl\e without .security for the masses. there can be no for good. stable government. The · all.important

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therefore. rests entirely upon your success in ing' peace and order am9ng yourselves. His Execellency. th~ Commander-in.Chief. peatedly expre5~ed his genuine love for the Filipinos. With particular reference to

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he h as. publicly and ind,ivi4uI;!.Ur. _ trust and confidence _ _ --'. ill. their __ . "'<' r:-~

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1. for my am fuHy' convinced tha~ there is none among you r ho win not do his hest ' tcY redoUl>I~ his e fforts in- or~er to accelerate the pace r of Dr()~i'ess towards j depen~ence . . I fore most column of the people-.,Jearless, upright. seH-erracing truly befitting aCkniiwledged ' leaderi'i!of' 9tl rejuvenated Philippine'S in, the honi -'of ' her" gr~at~sl national crisis.. I: ...:. ~ !'.~ . J!l. ~ ..;f

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Let W I . a il w or}. for he immediate restoration, 'of peace a nd order in the Visayar>, n ot only heeause tllese - provi ~ces' present an' unsatisfactory c onditiori. ciompa:.etI to oth er regions of th e PhilippineS, hdr ralso' becafue the'S'e r~rtile' lands imd in tlilj;ri ont;'. eople 'are"'so Ii'i!2eii! sary to the attainm en t of P h ilippine indepeni:Ience'!~' - . . . - --:t r.

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nO,hIe C~LlSt; of. Philippine indep endence, apd sl)" qo~l d ue ou rselves ,t~a~ this dream of all patriotic ~ FiIip.inos will materialize , the sh~rtest possibJe ~e: ' '''r'I.~.:~,;:~ L

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- .INSTRUCTIONS ,DELIVERED BY -HIS EXCEL! '7~LENGY;. !::' ,rHE >P.JREctOR-.GENERAL. AT ,,- - ~ ffHE. 路,OPENING , EXE~CISE OF ,THE ' . '" :THIRD TERM-,OF THE KAN MIN ::;,-.: . o j i路 REN", RAKU .,. SHO NIPPONGO .. d , ',,-.,. v- IN.STITUTE,MAY 3. t943 . .

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the i;';stitute and :to ther with some while attending

inc'oming Ken Min Ren Raku Sho Nippongo offer them my co;"gratulations togeinstructions concerning their conduct tITis institution .

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. The "Nippong";; Institute of the Kan Min R en Ralm - Sho ' was established for the purpOse of fostering closer understanding and friendship between the Imperial Ja:pane~e Forces ~nd the Filipino people in 路general. It was felt that if the two peoples came to understand what t e other had in mind with reference to the present abd future destiny of this country. they could not help but come to love. to respect, and to work in closb harmonv and concert one with the other, because r hat .the' Japanese people have come to the Philip~ines to accomplish is exactly what you and your a r cestors have been trying to do for the last 400 years. You were selected from hundreds of applicants and this fact. of itself. is a high honor. But there is a greater' honor in having been given .the chance' to _ substantially contribute to the reconstruction and re. habili~tion of this country thru knowledge and experienc,e gained while studying Nippongo. This is becaus~ the New Philippines is destined ,to become ...... a _vita~ unit in the Co-Prosperity Sphere and it is obviously essential for all Filipinos to be able to -speak - and ubderstand Nippongo, the common medium of speech r and communications within the Sphere. In - - --addit~ - ~--:this command of the language, both . spoken and wri~ten ~ you ~vill simult~neously. learn from tire great hIstory of NIppon, the rIch and mspiring -Ie~son that the spiri,tuaI culture of the East is unequalled and unsurpassed -by anything the West

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, R~memli~f at~ 'il,II and even after' yo-lii ders are being placed. With hope sacred trust of creating f,rom out old re gim~. the f6im-' and: spirit ' radiant Ne~v ,Phil~P'iile~'!1",; Witft~ ...."il], the wish that you 'will studies here. , r close, my ilddress1 May

3rd. 18th Year of


. ADDRESS OF CHAlR1."1AN JORGE B . VARGAS '. OF THE PHILIPPINE EXECUTIVE COMMISSION ON THE OCCASION OF THE OBSERVANCE OF THE FIRST ANNIVERSARY OF THE FALL OF .BATAAN DELIVERED AT THE NEW LUNETA. MANILA . ON APRIL It .

1943.

One yea r ago the ,¡a u n ted mil itary strength of th e L'nited Sta tes of , \merica. ,- n w: llc hed in the fo rLidd ing mO l!mtai ns a nd ju ng1es of Ba ta au for a despe rate sta nd in defense of \m erka .l im perialism in the P h ilip pines, suffered a crushing an d d ecisive d efeat b e fore the irresistible onslaught of th e Impe ri al J apanese F orces . Today we commemorate the first reasoned convicHon that the fall of Bataan, far fro m being a d efeat for the Philippines and the Filipinos as some had be lieved. was in all truth a glorious and decisive victory for us. because it spelled t]!,e do o m of Am eri ca n domination of our native land and opened the way for the f.inal consl!lmmation of our immemorial dream of freedom . . Today, orie year after the capitulation o~ tile 'United States Forces in Bataan. '';'e _can look back with calm and detachment on the events that followed and appreciate their real significance . 'vVe are now in possession of the facts and can render free and unprejudiced judgment. We know now that it was not the Philippines but American ilnperialism in the Philippines that fell in Bataan. It was the sovereignty of the United States that was at stake there; it was the United States Forces in the Philip'pine~ th~t ~vere defeat~.J and su~end~~ed there: and it w~s the ~rrogaC!t power of the United States. not the national honor of . the Philippines, that was crushed and humbled there . . For us, therefore, if the fall of Bataan is sorrowful and tragi~, it is so not b ecause of an y sense of shame

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or dishonor, but only because 'o f the bitter realization that so many thousands of Filipinos. in the very flower of their youth. gave up their lives for a Cause thalt was not theirs or ours. deceiVed as we ·were, dec~lved. exploited as· we were 'e~loited.'-sacrifieed· jiuthleSsly as we were sacrificed for fhe sake of American impeFialism, It is the realization that we ·were misled into making such ironic sacrifices to presel'V~ .that'very stibjug!ltion which our ancestors gave their blood to destroy. that makes the memory of Bataan bitter beyond compare, :' -Fortunately. the chivalry and unequalled' gener~~j.ty of Japan. which have stood the test of, mf~take and misundevstanding' on our part. have" made ' i{p(is~ _ sibte for us now to profit by the sufferings of' the gallant mem of Bataan and to learn the lesson "of their martyrdom, On this solemn· 'occasion. the~efore. standing here on the sacred ground consecrated by the blood of so many national heroes who died that the Filipinos might live f~ee from Spanish' ~ariny.: looking 'across the ' peaceful wat~rs of the lS~y t~~i{rd the dark and somber mountains of Bataan w here our race only one year ago paid the price of blood ,to t;e free from all futile and unworthy attachments to American 5Ubjugatio n , I call upon a ll of you , I call upo'n th~ entire Filipino people. to resoliVe with all our heans th a t we wi ll never again commit the monstrous,. folly of sh edding our blood for the sake of Western impe ri a lism, tha t we will n evel' again be tFaitors to our Orienta l blood a nd o ur Ori ental h erita ge. and that in the ru[ure \~'e w ill dedic a te a ll our tholl<thts. all our actions, B11d a ll our ,aspirations, to the building· ' of a new Philippines for th e Filipinos.

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Defo re closing. I want to ask you to turn your thou gh Is to the men \\'ho fell in Bataan and 't o pay tribute to th eir valian t spirits. Let us pay homage' to the sp irits of the- Japanese War-dead. to those ''':: courageous an d unselfish officers and men of tIte' Irit p erial Japanes~ Forces who gave their lives to desft.~y-:­ tL e fore ign subjugation that rul ed u s and -who" w ere ever guided and inspired by the high ideal of a ' -

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hrotherhood of Oriental peoples living fogether' ill tonic mon p 'e ace -arid happiness > Let us pay ho~age'!also to the spirits of th e Filipino dead ' who believed mistakenly but with deep sincerity that they were 'fighting to win the freedom and independence of our native - land. Paying homage .to these 'guardian spirits of the Philippines and E as t A sia . let us . pledge our he arts and souls to th e sublime ideals for ...vhi ch they, both Japanese and F ilipi nos. laid clown their lives in the battlefields of BFllaan . Le t us stead fas tlv a nd irreyo cably resolve tl,a t w e sh a li b uil d a n ew 'P hilippi n:=s su ch as they enVisioned . wo rthy of the h o n ~ / a n d glory of in depen d e nce a n d o f fast a nd u n shak;.~ brotherhood ",.;th th e Orienta l na tions of Greater ftS-st Asia, under the i nspiring leadership of th e great Japanese Empire.

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MESSAGE OF ·CHAIRMAN JORGE B. VARGAS OF THE PHILIPPINE EXECUTIVE COMMISSION TO THE FIRST CONVENTION OF PROVINCIAL GOVERNORS AND CITY MAYORS OF THE VISAY AS, HELD IN THE CITY OF CEBU, APRIL 26-28, 1943. Gentlemen of t-he Convention:

I'll sending my -most crordial greetings to the fiFst convention of provincial governors and city mayors of the Visayas, '1 wish to emphasize especially the profound responsibility and inescapable patriotic duty which face all the Filipinos in the Visayan region at this cross-roads of our national history. At fhe very stallt I declare with all the sincerity and vigor at my command that upon the efforts of the Visayans. upon you and the people you lEad and represent. depends in great part the consummation of our immemorial and undyi ng dr-ea rn of freedom .

Th e VRst m Rjority of our co unlrym en througl~ol!l t the len gth and breadlh of th e land are doing their part. with untiring and u nstinted d e\"otion. to win the ind epend en ce promised to us by the great Japanese Em pi re in t·h e shortest possible time. ll1ey call upon th eir coun trym e n in the VisRyas to join them in the hist o ric crusade for the final fulfi llm ent of al! t,he sacre d .- p ? lrio lic ideah which Ila\"e a nim at~ d th e Fili pin o p eo ple . tk:i r m il ?[Yrs. th eir Itero es. and th eir 501d i rs. I·hrough o llt ~he lo ng . ce ntmies of O cci dent a l d om in Rl io n .

1 al11 confid enl lha t lhe p eop le of the Visayas will not d e fraud these nob le expec lations ; I am conFident thai my fe llow·n Rt ives of th e VisR yas . whom I know and love so w e ll. will prove t-o b e just as patriotic, just as eager to serve the best- in lerests of our homeland. just as ready to make all needful sacrifices for ou r indepenckn ee. as the res t of our co untrymen. know th a t a ll thRt is ne ed ed in the Visayas is

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- ~niighte'nmerit Iliid !Ieadershjp. Le~ the peo.ple kno.w the ~lnith. ahoutthis ·.'W~r; J~! th~m ~now ~he real ·.iBsill:s ' at stake ; leJ tl;.,em ~ee which way lies the free km <and happiness o.f !heir' Qative land: and they will iiot lag behind the ,:est of the f'i.Iipino.s in ex'fending IQyal IlDQ wlwJ!;! ·p,ellrted ~QQperatiQn in the establishment Qf a New Philippines fQr the FilipinQs. Ii n~w ~hilippines that shall be wQrthy Qf th e glQry and the blessings Qf natiQnal independence. . That is why I cQnsider the first and fQr emQs t purPQse Qf this CQnve nti Qn to. be the d isseminaliQn amQng' the Visayans Qf knQwled ge a nd understanding Qf the true mQtives Qf Japan in comi ng .tQ the PhiJipp ines and Qf the high ideals wh ic h ins pire the great m ajori· ty of the Filipino. peQple. The jQb is up to. yQU. YQU have been granted wide and extensive PQwers Qf administratiQn. a filet which clearly implies a great measure Qf cQnfidence in yQur integrity and ability. I Ilsk y~ to use these PQwers unspariQgly in Qrder to. hllsten the day o.f Qur natiQnll1 emancipatiQn. As h y men Qf the Centr-al Admini!;trative QrganizatiQn in your respective prQvinces Ilnd cities. yQU have impressed me with yQur sincerity. yogr deep «;levQti<;m J;Q duty. a.nd ;y.Qur intel!Se des.ire to. .s erve our ~Quntry aM QW peopJe at !lny Co.st ,il-nd at !'lny saerjfic~. YQ~ h!l'Ve JlJJly pemonsH"ated yQyr ability to. perfonn yQur W-9r~ .~.IY i.P. spite Q{ an the difficulties and qardships f!#eOOa.n ! ,~o~ th~ pr.e sent emergency. r recall these t~ a~~ YO,1i to ~~pl<;ly <;l;II ,t hese great qualities to. the I4mt. without ,:~servation jlnd without hesitation. s.ecure in the convictio.n that history will vindicate y~~ The t~l before us - de~erves all our un~tinted ~fEo~' fpr th~ pri.ze ~lJ that greatest Qf all 'boo~s to h~l!ity .. f~~dOJ;n for ,Q.I¥st;lves. fr~edpm .£Q,r our /=hildr~n' ,~na for pur Fhil«;lr~J.l·s childr.en. · . The way before us 'is (;flear. In his sincere effQrt to. help us attain the honQr Qf independence. the Directo.r General of the Japanese tvlilitary Admi~ istration has indicate.d lh~ee T.eQuire~ents we must meet jn _order to. be entitled to. this' honQr: , , First.

We must I eradicate frQm among the

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million .i "ili.piri~s · all entahglem~itti;, and · eonn~ctions --Lwith tI1e past ~egirue : unifyfimd hwonize oUr· efforts 'into o-die co~pact b ody and, to the best of 'our ability, 'co ope'raf11 :.#J:icerely· and- actively ~ 'w ithe; tHe l JapaneSe 'Militar1' Adm1~is tration: and · Jho~e ; aU ' eIse1, eradi~te tte 'r emnants ' of th~ American forces- and banditry -"~-~-t--'fWfm-~thill-"Iicilti'n'll'v>;"-lth-e,IiI)V'+briniing-ahotrl!" complete peace <lmJ 'st"cicl'ity throudh~nt ' the lengtkiuill breadth of the land, 'c r:. ~ _ .;<",., •c' Ji?'~J ~ b, £' Second, We mast w ork for the economic rehabilitation of tf,'<! country in close . cooperatioP I~ with_ tbe Japanesl:! 'l¥Witary Adminigtrati~I4' : hnt _ additipn:, ~nitiate through our own wilL arut efforts, e£fecljve Wliys <lllcl means o f bringing .about. th~ much-needed ~c6nOi[t\ic ',eHc,mfficiency - of th~ Philip,piQes , through the 3'apld t'econsh·uotion and renovatio!,- oL ,its ,~Qnomic s ttt.ll;tUM. - ~ . ~~ "~~ f;: .. ~!~i1W:l!~ii'J~flL.-t,.;.~ "~ ' i1thd~ ' ">IVe must work for the sPeedY' r.eorientation 'Of ,our people b oth spiritually and intellectually, there1by' reg3iniJ)~t om original Oriental soul.: and with this fis the ' fonndafion, drastically reorganiZe ' our social structure ' in stl'ict accordance with the, ideals and andal'ds of OriEm,taI peoples, ' ... " .-- . 'I wish 'to :;--.-peat to you w hat I told th~·Jconve~tion of 'local oH;,,'{af..5 i n Luz:on , that. 'W~.. c~uId not have &sRed {(,).' ~i'mb<'e generous 0 1' "a 'more" ~nIight~hed pi-9~ g;.~inl'1ol' *tidepen({~nce: ' Indeed 'mei~ t JfI'J diok-¥ veaU Hf'il.f.:th~ pornI'll" outlined by tlie"P 1i:e-ctot{;ene}aI ~ -'illo f"'oo DTacW, conditions for"" iilil* efitIenc'e ~s - the ' iJ-iiY m:~hi0ri:·~tJ. .substa nce inClependeD€e, . We ci.rl!ia:i:lf' kVrivJr t.: nation 'irnPesS ' we are funy and .:JOmPlet~i~' llE.rh~d n1 our. thoughts a b d aspirations ; 4~;! crrnfi Il:uh-J~ I:rTIly- free u nle§:s w e fiisf destroy tile , '}'1'annrn""~;)(Iit.l'j' : we caim qt' erijor' politi~al inde-, ~ pe~cIen ci~ .with G'Cll stabilitY of securitY"'ui:fl~s~''We fj~t <!stabli:fu <i 'hash !)f, economic- self-suffici~ncy an~r discard~Ij.. dei,r<ldtag habiIE ,of. ~e"ntaI dependence;. and in(e:rit; 't h/ \,yestem ' na tions; f i ist;: therefo~~ -to ~1!!N~W. ;~~~, nnd m ost pei'ln!l.nent , fut~~ttb reaIiz~ , the pl'Oa'?am outlined by the Director ' GeneraV 1?f:~.. , ''<!S' , ln~ Joi!llg 13"," { believe" shan · fi~d' tli:~'fu~t·

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. pOint. namely. - the com~lete restOl--atIo~ of ' u~U; ~i-ld peace through - the eradi!=ation oC .lawless .,elements, underlies and precdes the other two. It is plain tha t we cannot initiate any extensive measures for economic or culturaL renovation in an atmosphere of fear. unrest. and unc-ertainty. The fanners must have peace in order that they can cultivate our fi elds and .proc!u.~~ the -necessities of civilized life. \ Vorkers, merchants and - idustrialists must have adequate protection against banditry and p ropaganda so that they ca n return ' ''ith untroubled minds to the n ormal pursuits of business <Iud to the genuine Fili.p ino way of liie . .As th e local repres entatives of the a dministration in your respecth'e' pro\'inces .a nd cities your first a nd m'o st urgent duty- under the circumslatlces i~. .th erefore . to root out and destroy a ll the c<luses of fear, unrest and disorder. The most important of those causes, as I have stated. is simply lack of information and understanding. vVhen you go back to your respective provinces and cities. therefere. I urge you to explain to the p eople that there is absolutely no reason for any futile and misguided resistance. absolutely no justification ¡for lawlessness and unrest. absolutely no use 'or purpose in continued disorder. . ' , '!' ": "Ii ",;' -!~Wh~ indeed should we ' Filipinos 'shed ~dur ' blood for the sake of the sovereignty of the United States --and American imperialism? The tragedy of Bataan taught us the bitter lesson that the United States used the lives of the Filipinq,s to defend purely American interests. The flower of our youth was sacrificed ruthleSsly in a senseless prolongation of hostilities. to be' afterw~rd abandoned by the American high command who sought safety in Australia. " Here in' the - Visayas' the people were spared the sufferings ,of Bataan but here too American ruthlessness and American imperialism showed its ' true colors. The' beautiful and prosperous Cities of Cebu. Iloilo. and others. -were burn to the ground. redu'ced to a ruin of nibble and ashes. by the United States Forces. the 'very force~ which were pledged to protect the lives and o

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proper,ty of the Filipinos. ,Lf!..ook;, arou~d' -you in rhis once proud metropolis df' Cebu and I you will see the palpable pfoof of it all>, WIly were all these happy homes; these busy racibries t th~se thriving ~stablishments; tl\.~se ancient , churches and monuments, destroyed? ' Mat purpose Was '~il'V~d, wh.af~l!d "Y,a~ g~in~d, as fa~ as the people of 'eehu ~~re ' concerned? :-'Ihe answer is. ,' nothing. AU ' thi!! ' waS : destr'oyed ' imd ruiped pur~fy ' in' pursuit of. ' the ' Airie~can " scorched-earth'~ policy; 'a policy which. without benefitfing the United States in _any 'V~~..' only brought ' h~nger, misery,' a~d desolation to the ' Pilipinos of- Cebu. Af,ter having gone through fhes~ bitter experienGes. what reason have the Filipi" nos of the Visayas to make further sa<i:r·i fices. to shed - niore blood, to suffer more misery, for the sake of the sovereignlo/ of th~ United States in the Fhilippines wkifh h~1l been -foreve~ g,~~trpY~H py th~ i-p,yil!!ljbIe f~r~s of the ,:Iligh.1o/ Jap~rese J;:mpire?< ". ;." Ii ou yourselves are witnesses to the unparalleled might of' th~ great Japanese empire for you saw the United States Fomes in the Visayas defeated and subdued in a few days. l"10reO\1e;I, Japan is not only powerful but also noble and I!l<flseffish. Japan is fighting this war for the libel'ation of fhe Oriental PSlmJe~ Jrom Oepideptal domination afl<1l she h~ al~!lf..s-' c9ns,~ered the Filipinos. not as enemies, but ,r~!h~! : a~, ~lj.epd~ and 6r.otl~ers to be guided a~d ~Bisted in' the winn.ing af indeJilendence. Japan eould have treated us as a conGj mered people b ecamse ' w e were misled , into resistLng , .Ike , m peria.! Japa nese Far.t;:es, but instead J apa n has glven us a ll I,he opJ'!otlun'iJj.J::s_apd encouragement 1'0 buil d a new Philippines I p.! (~e filipinos. -~ 'Only three weeks after the fall of 1'1an~la , - even -while tlie Filipinos in the Uni,ted St'al'es Forces were ~:.figlt.ting in J~ataan. ~he Imperial Japanese FOKes p-laiIep J he d 1Vll: administration of the eountry in the Jla;Q.ds, of the Filipinos wid1 the arganization o f the , fiil:li ,[ippiJ:le.;- ·E."(ectltive Commission . composed of the Dr~,h€i.paIU €hQsen leaders-ef the Filipino people; the


most :!Prominent and-, the most trusted .f igures <:in j!~ political world. .JI Of whom are n!>'I(V ·ftctiyely ~Jl4 sincerely -cooperating with Japan. Then. ,llloIler th~ fall .of Bataan. -and while hostilities with th!! Unite~ States were still going on eIsewhe; e in Gr~atep , E&8l . Asia. Japan released the Filipino prisoners of ~Wfif. including m~ny nativ~ of the Visayas. wh~st: spe,edy hom ecoming is delayed only by lhe conditj.o,~ 9f- Hnrest in some pafts of . these regio~. ~ut most ,sigpj..fi ca nt of all. on two solemn occasions before ~h!! lm. peria l Japa n ese Diet. Premier General l-Jid~~i To~o.. f,,,,,jy and sp o nta neousely announced the indep~­ den ce of th e Philippines in the short~~ pos~iple j}~ . . !t is that ve'ry independence which some Filipino!' in the V isayas are delaying and }tampering witp th~i~ unlawful. misguide~. all.~ hopeless disorder. Jt i~ tP.~ · winning of that independence w4ich iD!lpires .~he y~ majority of the Filipino people in these historic day!! and which should call forth the best efforts and wholehearted cooperatioll. ~f our, countrymen i~ ,J;~ \r,s'I!-Y~§' In closing I want to repeaf that I consider it ti ~~ your high~~ ~rq: fO~ern9s~ duty as the le~de~§ ,~lI.c;I repres~ntat,iyes 9f th!! Fi/jpinos iI) th!! Vis~,y~s t9 .reunit~ oW' peopl~ jq thi:? Jecis~e hour of ~Hr n~H9!l~ history, Call c;lo~yn tl).e mi~guided , aqq: ~he rn~J~c;I from ~he1r JMill.g P'{if~S. J;,-q;I#i! to th.~m !hl!-t Jh!:.r~ ~ no r~~on. wqet~~r politica' or economic, )Vhy !P.!;y should , co!?-tjl)ue to endure privatiops !lnll mi~,t:rie,s.. " The sov~eignty of the United States has taJc!!Jl fllg/:l,t from the Philippip.es and we no longer ow~ !lny duty _ of loyalty to it. . , The people ~hould come down from the .mountlliD,9 and the forests in which they have been leadini hunted and unhappy lives. with the assurance - that their means of livelihood shall be secure in .. their an.cestral towns and farms. .. .. The fertile fields welcome thar - W1l1lng -and-friaw:--· l-'---~ trious hands: the homes which they left await their return or if these homes have been destroyed as a, re" suit of tmIel banditry or the wanton policies of the' United States Forces. they can be rebuilt to shelter

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once more the families whe hi the past found ness in the enjoyment Qf blessed peace and of industry and labor. The Executive will exert its u tm os t to gi,v e aidi and -as:sis'tarlce the reconsrrucfton of the homes Jhat have troye d.. . .'.' . ' ·~'\4~i." The C hairman '-a n d the memBers o£ the Commission. the Chief Justice of th~ SUpreme the' Direotor Genera l of the Kalibapi. the G en eral and D irector of the Budget. and th.e cial governors concerned have been autho~ed to accept the surren der of these misguided elements ana: to gu arantee their lives provided they recognit e the real intentions of the Impe~i;1 Japanese Forces li n the Philippines and pledge themselves to cooperate With the' Japanes~ Military A dministration and the f>,hilippi ne E xecutive C ommission' in the tasl{ of 'b~ilding the New Philipppines. · ,,' -.' '~T" = However. powerful as the economic motiy e 1 confide nt that the Fi1ipi nos in' the~ Visiiyas' 'De moved most deeply by their patriotic duty tO rally I around the cause of our national freedom. And so I urge you to tell them that the cherished ide~Is' of independenc~ is a t J t w ithin our grasp; ten thein that the way to achieve that independence il.ot through a. fool~h and fu tile ho-p~ - in .the i~P~.I ~~bl. return of the UN ited States but rather in hon71t and loyal co'operation' with the invincih,le E;pi~~ 10f"Jipan ~ tell them th at Japa n has promised om' independence in the shorrfls( possible time pr00a:~d P1'ov~ . ~ ours eh'es worthy of in d epen dence ; ten- them- that: Japan always i(eeps her prom ises. as she ' has repeatedly proved in BUl'Tlla. in Cnina. and here in· the Philip'pines itself with 'he r-elease of th~-; Filipino- p Hsonerl! of war anef he .announ cement of the , independenCe prograUl. - -'t'-"t.:r~1:: ? :,," ~*¥.~ ~':.tc.tz..,",,'" But &hovl') l-ell them that their l)rother~FiliPf~os throughout ">Ll Uli&,e land are sincerely.' an& entliu-'" siasticall y pledging a n d exerting all their -.and- efforts in the national -<:-.ms~de for freedom::>! th at their bro.the:r·Filipinos have found peac~.1

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o~rating'.~Wnh-I"J;p-an' (in"the .,building of a new free _ Philippines:( withfn' tthe 1 Co:Prosperity ' Sphere: tell them that- lour mot~erIarid .the Philippines -calls upon her sons in the IVisa'y as to join the vast majority of the Filipino' p eople in.-the vital task of na tional re_ .. f,o~truction and liheration.

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""-1 confiI:Ient 'that ,success will crown your effort s. the patriotic efforts of patriotic me n, and th a t th e F.ilipinos in the Visayas. under your d evoted il nd self" sacrificing leadership. will neve r a llow their na me to - he stained hy thft sham e tha t. wh en the Ph il ippines was within reach of fr eedom . they h esita ted or 06shuc't ed. and that, when the Filipino people were mar.c hing forward to' a glorious independence. they stood apart or fell hy the wayside. In expressing my fervent wish for the complete success of your convention. I assure each and everyone of you of my fullest support and of that of the E.xecutive Commission in your patriotic task of helping build within the shortest possihle time a new Philippines that can he worthy of the honor of independence and of full memhershipin the Greater East Asia CoProsperity Sp,here. which the -great Japanese Empire has designed for the co-existence. co-operation. and co-prosperity of all Oriental nations. Manila. b,pril ~6. 1943. " -' I

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, xxxv


INSTRUCTIONS DELIVERED BY HIS EXCELLENCY. THE DIRECTOR-GENERAL" ATl THE OPENING CEREMONIES OF THE TRAINING INSTITUTE FOR FORM-

ER USAFFE MEN ,.....",...-JoOo,.-,....J

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I consider it a pleasure to be present at th~ opening ceremonies of the training institute for former Filipino officers and men of the USAF'FE. ' - , -' _ -It is highly gratifying to observe that suhseque~t -- to the taking of the oath of loyalty to His Excellency the _ Commander-in-Chief of the Imperial - japanese Forces in the Phiiippines. all of you. ,",vithout a single exception. have consistently shown .a marked degr~e of active cooperation with ,t he Military AdministratiC!n. and in e lose conjunction with the instrueiions of , the Philippine Exeoutive Commission. you are fai~lJ.fully serving in the interest of your motherland. contllibuting yotir share to her rapid rehabiJi,tation with renewed vigor and grim determination. It is high'!" opportune and fortunate that an institUt,e of this nature has been established for the eicf)1'ess purpose of offering spiritual training to former offiCers cmd m en of the USAFFE who have not undergone. for one reason or another, ~he rejuvenation courses dlat most of their com rades -at-arms have already received. \Ve say it is highly opportune and fortunate because to d ay in Eas~ Asia, th e \\'al' of Liberaticm of all opp rf's;cd Orie!lfa I people:; have b e<:> n 50 su coessfouHy proseculed thal d,e last ycsriges of -'\ngl o ,Ameri ~an, ))0""('1' ha-,'e been comp let.::!y eradica ted an d the cstabibllll1en! of tj,e sp here of mull.lil I p ros perity and progress u nd"T ti, e aegis of [he J ap an ese Empire. is now a n unch allen geable fact. The Philippines itself. has cast asid e its racial in ertia of reliance and adoration of Occidentalism a nd is em eI'ging from a heroic and cphoca I m etamorphosis, It is, therefor-e. especially gratifying for the future glory of the New Philippin~s that indi vidua ls like yourselves, who have passed thru the ,tes t of fiFe and death. bravely figI~ting. even if it was at the iNstigation of the Amellicans. fol' a cause you

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then believed t9 be just. are now taking the lead._ at your own volition and initiati ve. in reori e nting yourselves. so that you migh t better serve your country inthe hour of her greatest crisis. Th ere can b e no doubt as to the success of your eHorts since Providence does not betray those who are motivated by such noble ideals and who are so unselfish in their motives and actions. No r can there b e an y doubt in the minds of true Filipin os today. that th e inte ntions of the Japanese in th e ir desire to h elp th e Filipinos regain thei long forgot ten ind ependence and pres t ige arc e,1tirc .sin ce re and :oponta neocIS . Th is has bee n cla rified. on more tha n one occas io n. in forma l state ments of fu n dam e ntal p olicy as wp!I <IS . nn m ista !,ab ly m an ifest" d tangibiy and forceably in the various -activities and policies carried out in a c tu a l practi ce by th e Imp erial Japanese Arm y since coming to the Philippines. My advice to you who ha\'e enro lled in this Institute is that you a cquain t yourse lves fully with the purposes and obj ecth-es of thi s training program and inspired with an unsl,ak a ble confidence in yours ek es as Orientals. exert your utmo s t to bring into culmin ation all the high expectations of those in charge of this program of rejuvenation and reorientation. I venture to say .that therein lies the way in which you can console the hallowed memories of your brothers and comrades in arms. " ,ho so willingly and unhesitatingly gave th eir youth-fu,1 lives in Bataan and Corregidor. This is the only way in which you can bring into fruition the ambitions and hope~ of them and their an ces tors. because I. fo r one. have n ever doubted that all these h eroes have given thei r lives because they lo ved th ei r co-un try and her independence more than they loved th eir own lives . Swear to yourselves, therefore. as you have sworn before. that they shall not have died in vain. Str~ngthen ed and inspired by the memories of th eir deaths and sacrifices. study. live. and work for the glorious awakening of the Orie ntal p eop le and the speedy establishment of the Co-Prosperity Sphere. Ma y 1st. 18th Y ear of SI' owa.

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SECTION, ~ 1.

AjjaiTs Con(

of Finance .... ' .. , ; .. ~ ..,

-.. c: !~. .

Notificat ion No.1

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-DESIGNATION OF EXCHANGE BANKS

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Th e f ollowing banks al'e hereby authorized to commE:l1c-e eXL:hange business as "an exchange bank" in ac1201'dance with Art icle 19 of KANREI No.6 "Excl\ange Contro l Reg\ll ~ ti on s in the Occupied Areas": 1 . The Bank of Taiwan. Ud., Manila B~~nj:h,';i . 22 Juan Luna, Bagongbuhay, .ManiJ~._. a,;o:;[ 2. The Yokohama Speci!ie Bank, Ltd., Manilli'B r ancb, 34 Plaza Cervantes, Bagongbuhay, Manila.

6th April, 1943 DIRECTOR GENERAL JAPANESE MILITARY ADMINISTRATION __

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Netification No.2 CONCERNING THE SECOND~ PAYMENT AGA:INST DEPOSITS WITH '1'HE LOCAL BANKS OF '.',C HOST1LE COUNTRIES ' .: - :, t-. .. : ~;_0

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. TIiis is t.o notify all parties concerned that the second payment against ,deposits with following local' enemyowned banks shaJI ~~ pe~t.ted: _--: __: ~_ - .National City Bank of New York._ Peeple's Bank and Trust Company. China Banking Corperation. Philippine Bank of Com~unication. Hongkong and Shanghai Banking Corporation. The Chartered Bank af India, Australia and China . . [1]


Nederlandsch Indische Handelsbank, N. V.

All depositors of the banks listed above who have savings accounts, current accounts, fixed deposits and other accounts in Pesos currency only and whe are qualified hereunder to withdraw should present themselves with the required documents at the place and on the dates mentioned hereunder: 1. Date of Payment: May 7, 1943, and thereafter.

2. Place of Payment: The Bank of Taiwa~, Ltd., Manila. 3. Persons or Firms qualified to Withdraw Deposits: Japanese, Filipinos, other Third Party Nationals and Chinese. (Chinese should present themselves at the Chinese Association of the Philippines which has been designated to make payments to Chinese deposit0rs.) . 4. Documents Required: a-Savings Passb ooks, Certificates of Deposits or Dep0sit Re ceipts, l\Ianager or Cashier Checks, and Cert ifi ed Checks. b-Residence Cer t ificate P assport an d Alien r egistra b on Cenif ica tes. K OTE: Any depositor who h as obligation t.@ any of t he aboye bl:nks sh ould so declar e with0 ut f ail at t he t ime of his wi t hdrawal.

DIR=:CTOR G E:¡ ~ ~R}.;.L J _~p ) __ 7E S E ~II:"IT _~_ p~- _~~ =j ~~~I ~~;IST:rL~ TIO:\,

[2]


2. Affairs Concerning Depart-ment of Industries

SECTION

PLAN OF INCREASING THE PRODUCTION OF DERRIS IN THE PHILIPPINES I-POLICY In line with the policy of producing chemicals used in agr iculture by developing the indigenous plant resources in the Philippines, i.t is planned to increase tne production of .derris so that the plan for the increased production of various essential crops may satisfactorily be carried out. II-PLAN' 1. It is planned to prod1!lce 2,800 tons of derris roots by devoting 8,000 hectares of land to the cultivation of derris during the six year period 1943 to 1948.

2. Derris shall be cultivated as follows: (1) The cotton management companies, ramie growing companies and jute growing companies shall take charge of i.ncreasing the production of derris in their respective regions to enable them to attain self-sufficiency in derris. (2) Derris growing companies shall be designated to insure the supply of derris roots necessary for increased production of important crops other-than cotton, ramie and jute. 3. Those companies ~hich undertake the cultivation of derris shall carry out the plan i-n close c~labora-::-" - - -..tion with the entities of the Philippine Executive Commission in charge of agricultural instruction .. 4. Those companies which undertake the Gultivation of derris under this plan' shall eIilgage in the following activities: . [3J


(a) (b ) (c) (d) (e) (f) (g)

Growing Distribution of superior seedlings Furnishing technical direction Financing Collection and purchase Transportation Other activities

5. The following two companies are laereby designated as the derris growing companies stated in , para'g raph (2) of II: Nihon Noyaku Kaisha Ohta Development Company 6. The purchase price of derris roots shall be fixed, as a rule, taking into consideration the cost of praduction .and the prices of competitive cr<!lps.

7. The manufacture af chemicals out of derris roats shall be undertaken by the NihoR Noyaku Kaisha. TABLE I 1. Cotton Management com pa nies: Kun egahu chi Boseki Raisha Dainihon Boseki I~aish a Toyo Boseki K aisha Daiwa Boseki K ai s ha Kureha Boseki K aisha K urashiki Boseki Kai8ha To~'o :JIenk a Kaisha T oyo Tah.'U shoku Kqisna Tahyan L,kuiOhoku Kai sha

2. Ramie gro,,-ing compan ies ; Furu kai\'a Takushoku K aisha Toyo l\Ia shi Boseki K a is ha Toa Asa Kogyo Kaisha Tokyo Mashi Boseki Kaisha 3. Jute growing companies: MitsuIDishi Shoj'i- Kaisha Mitsui Norin Kaisha

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PLAN FOR INCREASIN.G THE . PRODUCTION !~ c' OF CASTOR- BEANS , --

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.- _._- ......,7,

.~

.

...

(Febrluiry 13, 1943) -

Department of Industries Japanese Military Administration ~,

I-Policy

In order to meet the increased demapd for castor oil which is one of~ the imp0rtant products of the Philippines, a five-year plan for the increased production of castor -beans is hereby adopted. II-Plan 1. It is planned to produce 22,500 tons of casto!." seeds by allocating 15,000 hectares of land to the cultivation of castor-oil, plants during the five years from 1943 to 1947. I

2. The cultivation of the castor oil plant shall be undertaken by castor oil ' plant grpwin g companies (or associations) designated by the ~my and also by the Bureau of Agricultural Admilliist ~ation of the Depart.ment of Agriculture and Commellce at the Koronadal ' and AlIa Valley Projects. I . 3. The castor oil plant cultii ators (including Koronadal and Allll Valley ProJects)1 shall engage in the, following activities: I (1) Cultivation

(2) Distribution Q.! superior vat·ieties of seeds and seedlings. ' €3) Technical direction in the growing of castor oil plant. (4) Financing (5) Collection and purchase - - - - (6) Transportation~ -(7) Other sundry matters 4. The castor oil plant cultivAtors shall be selected from among Japanese--and F)lipind companies (or asso[5J

'

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.

grow this plant. -

ciations) which are able and willing

The fo1l0wim.g c0mpanies and ass ' ciations are hereby designated:

Japanese (1) Mitsui Norin Kaisha (2) lVlitsubishi Shoji Kaisha (3) Taiwan Takushoku Kais a (4) Ohta Kugy6 Kaisha (Ohfil Development Company). I

I .

F i li pi no

( 1) Koronadal and AlIa Valley Projects (2) National Rice Gl"OWerS' Association

(in process of 0rganization). 5. The places where castor oil plant growers will cultivate' the castor oil plant snaIl be a.s follows: Japanes e (1) Mitsui Norin Kaisha ......... Agusan (2) Mitsubishi Shoji Kaisha! . .....: . Davao (3) ,Taiwan Takushoku Kaisha . . ~ . . Negros (4) Ohta Kugyo Kaisha ... ~ t .. . ... Davao Fili pino ( 1) Koronadal and Alla Valley Project s . . . . , " . ..1... Cotabato (2) National Rice Growers' Association . . . . . . . . . . (Provinces in Central Luzon , Neb"os and Panay) I . 6. The puchase price of castor seeds shal'l be flXied, as a rule, after taking int o consideration the cost of production and -the pr ices of cornpetitive crops.

I

.1.

TABbE, PLANTED AREA OF CASTOR OIL PLANT AND YIELD OF CASTOR SEEDS IN THE FIVE YEAR PLAN

Year 1943 1944 1945 1946 1947

Planted area of castor oil plant in hectares -

1,200 3,000 7,000 12,000 15,000

Yield of Castor oil in tons

Yield of Cllstor seeds in tons 1,800 - 4,500 10,500 18,000 ,r 22,500

.

[6J

630

- 1,575 3,615 ' - ,- .. ' 6,300

~

'.

_?~ni<

-


(

(

-

NOTE-: - _ -- :-~.t;'i~.~t. -1-~ " ,;, -.;;~-;.;~ .~_! 0 -- - -~-,.1. C~stor seeds-.:a're h~l'Vestef ~ne year after pbnting--so that tlie yield for the -year-1943 will-_ be- actually harvested in 1944. - . 2 . The yield of castor seeds is computed at 1.5 tons per hectare. . ':I~ .. '~-

-- -

-

3. The yield of castor-oil is- computed as 35 per of the seeds. -

..;,-

~ ent

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PLAN OF CULTIVATING WHEAT, BARLEY AND OATS IN THE PHILIPP~S I. POLICY _

I

Notwithstanding the unfavorable natuq ll conditions in the Philippines to the cultivation of wheat, barley and oats, it is planned to grow these cbr eals in order to meet the demands of the Army in this country so that the AFmy will be self-supporting in thi1' respe ct. II. MEASURES

_

_ 1. It is plan-ned to prodtlce 5.800 ko ku of. wheat, barley and oats by devotin.g 1,160 hectares of land to these crops (see table I ) . After the actual r'esults of this planting ar-e known, the planted area will be extended after 1943. 2. The cultivation of these cer eals- under this plan will De undertaken by the Department or- Agriculture and Commerce by instructing the farmers in the ctlltivation thereof in accordance -wi.th the inst, ructions 01 the Japanese Military Administration. -

.

-

3. All the... wheat, barley and oats -producl=d under this .!!lan will be purchased by the Army t it proper prices t.o be fixed after the cost of production is- t aken into consideration. I

4. If the -g rowers fail to get good crops,e Army wHI investigate the act~al conditio:ns and i~demnify those who may suffer -heavy losses;- If necess-ajry. Table

I-Area~ to be Pla~ted to Wheat, Barley I [7]

d Oats


-

-

-

-

-

V.;,'

-

-:-

.

......1 "

-

-

-

,

-

,

I

Area to be Area t~be ' Area to be planted to plante to planted to Wheat Oats Barl"r

. I1a gan, Isabela Tuguegarao, Cagayan .

300

Bayombong, Nue va Ecija

100

. Lipa, Batangas

50

. ..

200

"

300 Ha.

Tagaytay, Cavite Baguio, Mt. Province

50

To tal

Note

1,000

"

-:-r--I.. 20 k a .

25

-

6 Ha.6 5

.

15

..

130

I" I.. I.. -

L-

.

326 Ha.

"

326

..

"

130 -

"1

25-1 ,,- --S- .,25

To ta' i

1--- -60--..- - -

5 3 30

"

..

.

230 68

1,160

" -

"

.

.

I.-Crop season: Frbm November to March of the following year. -

Note II.-For the purpose of instructing the technical men of the Philippine Executive- .C.ommission in the cultiyat i@ll of these cereals, ex- perimental planbng will be made during the rainy season accbrding to the following:'

.

I

Place-Tagair,ta y, Cavite Area-Five Ihectares Crop season-From, ~ay to A~gUst - GUTL:ENE jOF THE .. - . . FIVE-YEAR P LAiN OF T!6IE _INCR~ASED PRODUCTJ ON OF FOODST:tlJFFS ' IN THE PHILIPPINES_' · I=-Guiding Principle At this stage of the Greater East Asia War, the early attainment of self-sufficiency of ' the-Philippines in foodstuffs is not only indispensable in achieving the final victory, but als.o . it is the foundation - of the 'reconstruction of Philippine economy 'which IS t he mbsl'" impQ!·tant program that must, be execute<i in ,order_ to s~cure the , inde}!lend,ence 0t.the Phili}!lpines.~,··. Th.~:re­ fore, every necessary: _ meaSUTe should, be \. taken to initiate' it naH~R-w-{d.e '.ca·m paign i~cr~as~d produ~ tion of fo·od· cr0ps.;~ - ' ~. _",~, ... __ '." ~'- ~:;;S'~ ':·_-.-: ,.-,.. ~

.fer'

tsj

-e.r.

'.::;0

-

.

-

J


II-:-Outline 1. Th-i s plan covers five years, from 1943 to 1947. 2. The main objective -of this plan is the increased production of such staple food crops as rice and corn, and minor crops like cassava, sweet potatoes and beans. .

In view of the shortage of wheat flou{", the production of corn flour and cassava flour as substitutes sh~uld be encouraged. 3. Expected yields at the end of the five-year plan are as follows: Crops

Basic neld

Increase

50,108,000 Cavans Rice 10,038,000 Corn " 169,000 Tons Cassava 406,000 " Swt. Potato 10,000 Beans

E x pected Yield

13,742,000 3,202,000 60,000 150,000 12,000

63,850,000 13,240,000 229,000 556,000 22,000

4. In view of the lack of transportation and other difficulties , it is desired that in executing this plan, self-sufficiency within local regionis should be attained, along with the total increas~d production of foodstuffs in the entire Philippines. I

5. The following specific meast:lres should be considered in increasing production of crops in:dicated hereunder: (1) Rice (a) Extension of planted areas. Abandoned lands should be restored _to their former condition and the area planted to upland rice should be extended. (b ) Construction of irrigation ~nd drainage systems. Comparatively simpler systems of - - rrrigatT0n anaarainages nould be con~ structed in order to i~prove l the land.

l

(c) Distribution of high-Yiel_dw ~ varieties. High-yielding varieties I should be ~elected from among native yarieties and propagated to replace poor arieties. [9]

-----

--

- - - - - --------


~

The cultivation of Japanese rice should be undertaken only in special and limited districts becapse the growing of this variety everywhere may not-a.lways give good results, as l it requires special fav0!rabJe natural c~Ii).'cfitioFls, irrigation and drainage aIild_ 0t1fr facilities.

(d) Improvement of farming meihp<i._____

Extensive farr.lin~ hitnerto practised should be gradually i~roved. I â&#x20AC;˘ (e) Use of locally-made fertilizers. The production ll.nd use of locallymade fertilizers such as compost and the practice of green manurin'g should be encouraged. (f) Control of pests and diseases.

The control of best&- and' diseases should be encouraged! Efforts should be exerted to discover as ~arly as p0ssible the presence of pests; and control measures immediately awplied.

I I

(2) Con

The area planted¡ to Ic orn shauld be extended by making use of !idle lands and twocrop farming should The ehcouraged aIild high yielding varieties should be propagated: . ( 3 ) Ca1:sava, Sweet Potatoes and Beans

The al'ea n1anted to these food crops sh ou ld be extended. III-Measures 1. This plan shall be executed by the Executive 8ommission in accordance with the instructions of the Japanese Military Administration.

2. The KA.LIBAPI shall cooperate w};10},e-heartealy in the execution of this plaIil. 3. Japanese agriculture develop'm entfirms shall extend

[IQ]


effective c()operatio~ in the execution ot this plan, 4. In order to carry out this plan smoothly, a large numbeli of technical men shall be assigned to the central government and to ' the provinces. 5, The construction of irrigation and drain age syst ems shall be undertaken mostly by the Executive Com- mission. 6. ' order t @¡ propagate higfu-yieldin g seeds of ri ce, corn and sweet potatoes, seed f arm s a nd pr opagation stations shall be established to be dir ectly administered by the Executive Commi ssion (parI of seed farms to be man aged by othel' J2.l'ti 2S) , 7. Seed farms for the pro duction of seed s oI g,'ee:1 mamlre crops s hull be est abli shec\ to be direct ~}' administered by the Executive Commission, Issued by the - - Japanese Military Administration Department of Industries

In

STATEMENT OF THE MILITARY AUTHORITIES CONCERNING THE ESTIMATED PRODUCTION OF COTTON DURING THE CURRENT CROP YEAR 1. The total yield of cotton in Luzon in 1942 is estimated at 2,647,168 kilos of seed cotton, or 14,606 piclJlls @f gimned cotton, and, the total area planted to 'cotton being 9,368 hectares, the yield per hectare is estimated at 1.57 piculs. During the current crop year , a great many difficlJllties wei'e met in the cultivation of cottom among which may be cited the delay in the commencement of the work at fields due to the late arrival of the personnel of the cotton managing companies and unavoidable causes, the unfavorable climatic conI'r otfuer ditioms whicfu 1mm,g ht too much rain sO@l'laftertheseeds germimated and the unusual drought since December - foII0wed by heavy attack of. pests and diseases and the lack of experienee in cotton culture on the part of the farmei's, ."hich made their instruction by the management companies extremely difficult. But, the farmers and the cotton management companies have exerted their utm@st efforts to surmount these hardships and, at last, succeeded in raising a fair crop estimated above. [~lJ


!

2. Although the estimated production of cotton this year given in paragraph 1 represents - a fair average crop, there are some districts where the reslilts were not so satisfactory. Accordingly, the' cotton management companies, taking into consideratio:m. th&t this is the first cotton crop, will bear a certain am0lint ot the expenses incurred my the farmel's in all the regio~s where cotton was cultivated by contract i:m. 1942 according to the following, so as to enoourage cotton growing in this country. (1) The cotton management companies will bear the total expenses for chemicals used as insecticides and fer ti lizers covering the whole regions where cotton was cultivated by contract ill. 1942. (2). The cotton management companies will pay those cotton growers, whether they are landowners or operating landowners or tenants, whe failed to get a igood crop, accordin.g to the extent 0f damage suffered, taking into consideration the am0unt of labor and money spent by them. 3. While in some regions the cotton crop this year was not so good, in other places we succeeded in raising a more abundant crop than . expected, as the following table of cotton yield will bear witness: Pro, inces

Municipalities or Barrios

L [.~l;J::l

Balayan Calaca B:::.uan C'llenc.a I\ln,sa ya

Ca--::c.

Cal'mO!1 a.

P an g::!.sinan

Sto . Toma s Paniaui Ongot Dinalupihan Bali'l\ag

B atang2.S r. . ::il:::'>: '"':.s B.:-.:~:-_;ns

Dr t~4:1:t~.S

Tariac Tarlac Bm:aan Bulacan

Yield per heciare Seed Cotton Ginned cotton PicUil s Kiles 900 700 1,300 1 ,680 900

800 1,000 1,320 960

800 2,000

5.00 3.00 7.20 9. 00 5.00 4.44 5.55 7.33 5.33 4.44 11.11

4 . All the cot ton to be harvested this year wiN be used in the manufacture of cotton piece goods i:m. the Philippines. [12J

i

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l


~:l -:5. 'Jn conClusion, :Tt':is q1iite:-;~viderit from' what is sfa-ted ahove: !that 'we : can '" get - excellent cotton crop in the Philippines if the 'farmers try to' make every effort and the cultivation is properly manage'd. ~

In view -of the possibility of cotton growing in the Philippines and the insufficiency in the ' supply of cotton in this country and other parts of the Greater East Asia Co-Prosperity Sphere, it is ,our duty to endeavour to attain self-sufficiency in cotton in the Philippines so as to supply the need of the people for clothing in 'order to assure the welfare of the nation and to rehabilitate Philippine economy. Therefore, all the 'Filipinos, officials and people, should never be discourage by som e hardships met during this yp.ar, which is the first year in the large-scalE:! cultivation of cotton in this country, but tIiY to do all that is in their power to attain selfsufficiency 'in the ,supply of this staple product in close collabdration between them. If we can produce cotton in this country more than necessary to meet the local demand, we have ready markets for this commodity in other ~ountries in the Co-Prosperity Sphere, which will contribute not a little toward the reconstruction of Philippine economy.

I

=

'

1 RTICLES OF PHILIPPINE _FERTILIZER I , DISTRIBUTION ASSOCIATION CHAPTER I GenfJ.ral PrroviswnS

ARTICI:.E I-The purposes of the Association are to facilitate the distribution of fertilize'rs, to maintain r~asonaIDle prices and also to promote their produc, ti~m and importation, to utilize various kinds of reso;urces of fertilizers, and to engage in other business pertaining to fertilizers. ,

2~In

ARTIeÂŁorder to attain its purposes, the tibn ,shall engage in the following business:

Associ~-

1. To adopt plans for the distribution of fertilizers

2. Tp"maintain -reasonable prices of fertilizers

.

[13J


g. T.o promote prodl1ction a md importat ioN 0f :fierWizers amd also to give aicl to t lile I1tHizati0n of various kiNllls of ~es0I1r@es Iilf fertilizers 4. To engage in such othel' IDl1sia ess as may IDe Necessary to attaiN the ]>urposes Iil[ tb.e Associa,t ion. ARTICLE 3-The Associati0tl siBaIl be called The F b.Hi:{!lpine FertHizer Distrimution Ass@ciat ion. . ARTICLE 4-Tb.e members of tb.e Associatiom shaH me composed of all those wb.@ ar e clesi~ ated by t he Japanese Military Admimistration as dealers and manufacturers of fertilize;rs ami 'those interested in f erWizers in t b.e Philippines. ARTICLE 5-The Associatiom shalll have its office at No. 17..4 Juan Luna, City of MaNila. CHAFTER II

Capital and Reserve Funds ARTICLE 6-The Ass odatio::Fl sRaIl r equire its mem®elr s t o invest certaiN amount of money in acco'r d an@e ,,<itb. r egulations to be formulate d accordingly. ARTICLE '(- In order to attain the purposes defin ed in sections 2, 3, and 4 of Article ~, t he Associati(m shall have r esene funds, which shalil be derivecl from the profits of the sale of the cheaper fertilizers 01:' f l'o m a part. of the assessment.. _~R! IC LE S- The cre.2 ~ion 0:" the re~ (; l'y e I1Eld 0"£ the .-';"5 :; oc ~ [.rio n and 17 :3. E;a n~!g'7~1: en T shall bs ir! ac.:co rd a ~1 ce Tr itt in2 tl'Uctiol1£: oi ~lie Japalll?S~ :\li1i"Z~!]' y _~idrni r:i3 -

T.l'ati Oll .

C1-L:'.lP?ER II I

M embers ARTICLE 9- Any member who violates any regulation of the Association or commits 2.11 )' a ct contmry to the p1l.rposes ot the Associati on s~la il be pUl~ished by tl1e Chairman in accordance with t he decision of the Board of Directo.r s, a s f ollows :

ti4j


, - ~; ~r-:'

1. 2. 3. 4.

WamiFlg Payment of Penalty Temporary suspension of business Expulsion

ARTICLE 100Any member who desires to resign fl'om the Association shall submit an application in writing stating the reason for his resignation. The application for resignation shall then be acted upon in the Directors meeting. CHAPTER IV

Off icei',s and E-mplo-yees ARTICLE l l -Th e Asso ciation shall nu\-e the fol iowing officers, tae terms of office of whom shall be one-year, but they may be reappointed: 1. 2. 3. 4.

One Chairman of the Board of Directors One Executive Committee Dil,ectors One Auditor

ARTICLE 12-Tae Chairmal'l shall represent the Association al'ld supe!!vise its business. When the Chairman is prevented from attending his duties, the Executive Committee shall take his place. The Auditor shall audit the accounts of the Association and inspect its busil'less. ARTICLE 13-The officers shall be appointed by the Japanese Military Administration. -

â&#x20AC;˘

ARTICLE I4-The Association shall have employees who may be paid salaries. The paid employees shall be employed or dismissed by the Chairman with the approval of the Board of Directors. CHAPTER V Meetings

ARTICLE I5-The Chail'man shall call a meeting of the . members whenever necessary. . ARTiCLE I6-The following shal'l be decided at the meetings of the Members : [1 5J


1. B\!Iaget (of Income and. EXFlenses).

2. Allotment (liNd collecti@n -@if the a:ssessments. 3. Approval . of . fi'EaNgi:;j!1 statemeFlt, balance (

I'

...

sneet, statement re.garding dis'h)U!rsement of surplus funds, statement of assets and liabiIitdes, and the 0usiness report. 4. RaisiNg of loailils. 5. Amendments to regl!lJati<ms . 6. Dissoltltion, merger, or divisioN 0] _tne Association.

ARTICLE 17-Tne resolutions at the meetings of members shall be approved by majo,r ity vote of all membel·s. Insase of tie vote, that of the ChairN1an 0:] the meetiNg shall decide. ARTICLE 18-The Chairman of the Board of Directors shaIl preside over all meetings 0f t he mell1lIDers. ARTICLE 19-The Chairman shall call Directors' meetings whenever necessary. ARTICLE 2{9-~attel's decided at the meetings of members and those 0f Directors shall IDe Pblt iNto exeebltion only with the approval of the JiaIYanese l\Witary Adm in istration. ARTICLE 21-The regl!l.lation s pro~-id e a \fo r iN al·tieJes 16 and 17 shall apply also to Dire-eto:l'S' meetiNgs. GL4.. PTER 'VI ..:~..RTIC:"' E ~:?-E xpe n s@s

or the _1-\'SSOC i'2~ifon ~1 j(11J. bf2 paicl froll"! i}1v€.sted c.[~pit al. &. JJF! l't of Th e [t~sess ­ n'!:- ::r.s, and oth el' n1iscellan'2ou.s inc-erne. rr~ .s ~!11~-

ARTICLE 23-The A ssociation shall assess th e m embei"S according to the amount of f el·t.ili-zeI·s handled and mc.D ufactured. ARTICLE 24-The fiscal year of the Ass oci ation slilall commence on April 1st and end on March -31st of the following year. ARTICLE 25-The proP>6l<-ti-es of the Associati0n shaIn be . supervisecl by the Chairman . . [16]

. "'


-- ;f-

CHAPTER VII Appendix

ARTicLE 26-For the time being, the Members of the Association and their respective capital investments shall be as follows: Names of Membe1'S

Amount of InvesfJrrwnt

1. )Iitsui Bussan Kaisha, Ltd. <)

:.\Iitsubishi Shoji Kaisha, Ltd.

P50,000.00 50,000.00

3. ?hil. Bone Fel"tilizel' :.\Ianuiacturing Co. 5,000.00 :J,.

Y ational Rice & Corn Corporation

5,000.00

;) . Philippine S ugar Association

5,000.00

6. Phil. Cotton Growing Association

5,000.00

ARTICLE 27-Details of business not mentioned in these Articles shall be decided by the Chairman.

[17J

J


3. Executive Orders by the Chairman of the Philippine Executive Comisswn -------- -----

SECTIO, -

,

,

'

OFFICE OF THE CHAIRMAN ' OF THE EXECUTIVE COMM] SSION MALAcANAN PALACE BY THE CHAIRMAN OF THE EXECUTIVE COMMISSION EXE CUTIVE ORDER NO. 137 -

"

AM-',NDING CERTAIN SEC'FIONS OF EXECUTIVE ORDER. NO. 77, DATED, AUGUST 7, 1942, SO AS T O PROVIDE AlJDITIONAL DUTIES .FOR PRESI.DENTS OJ.< nrSTRICT ASSOCIATIONS, LEADERS OF NEIGH BORHOOD ASs;OCIATIONS, AND HEADS OF FAMILIES, AND TO CLARIFY CERTAI N P ROVISIONS THEREOF.

Purs 1ant t o the authority conferred upon me as Head of the Central Administrative Organization by a .. ' e1' No.1 in connection with Order No. 3 of the CommaT:der-in-Chief of the Imperial Japanese Forces in the Pl.lllippines, an d upon the recommendation of the Executi ~ Commission, it is hereby ordered that, SECTION 1. Section 1 .of Executive Order No. 7 7, dated August 7, 1942, is hereby amended to r ead as I'ollows:

"Section 1. There shall be created a system and neighborhood associations in accordthe provisions of these rules and regulations ior the 'purpose of providing means for mub..l.::J. C "eration and self-protection and thus insur1'1. the stability of the life of the people, through the maint enance of peace and order ill area or areas u, der Lne jurisdiction of such district or neighborhood associations." ,

- 0 ... district anc~ with


-

:..

-

- ;·d 3EC• .2. : Paragraph (3) ef Section 2 of Executive - Order No. 77 is hereby amended to read as follows: I.

*

*

"(3) In case two

01' more f a milies ar e livin g t ogether within a house, each famil y sha H constit ute a member . unit of a neighborhood a ssociat ion."

r

-

SEC. 3. Section 6 of E xecutive Order No. 77 is hereby amended to read as follows: "Sec. 6. There shall be a president in a district association an d a leader in a neigh bo r-ho ed ;1 :; sociation. The p r esident of a distl'ict asso cia Lon ~ and the lea der of a nei ghborho od associ a t ion shall be designated -by t h e city or municipa i mayor from among the appropriate candidates within a distri ct or a neighborhood association concerned : PTovided, however, That those who come within any of t h e following heads shall not be designated a s pr esident of a district association nor as leader of a neighborhood association: "(1) Those who have no r egular profession or occupation or those who do not own real estate;

"(2) Those who are illiterate; "(3) Those whose residence in an area or areas under the jurisdiction of a district or a n eighborhood association has been less than one year: Pr ovided,- however, That this disqualification shall be waived whenever in a neighborhood association or district association no person otherwise qualified has had his residence therein for a period of one year or longer; "( 4) These who are below twenty years of age ;

aI;ld "( 5) Ex-convicts. "Any person designated in accordance- with the foregoing provisions shall not be allowed to r efu se the said designation without justifiable cause." SEC. 4.

There is hereby inserted at the end of Sec[19J

-

I II

I


tion 9 of Executive Order No. 77 an additienal pairagiraIDh (7), reading as foI:Iews: "Sec. 9. 'The duties of t he IDresident of a district assoGiation shall be as leHow.s:

*

*

*

*

*

"(7) To report immedi.ately to the city er municipal mayor concerned the transLer of resiaenGe ef a family in the ali1ea or a:neas un del" his all hel' jurisdictien to any place eutside his or_ her jurisdiction or the arri.val 0;£ a Rew famH:v in the area or areas . wnder his or her jul'i's dictien."

SEC. 5. 'There is hereby inserted at tne end of Section 10 of Executive Order No. 77 an additianal paragraph (6), reading as foll0ws: -

"Sec. 10. The duties (!)[ the leader of a Beighborhood associatien shalll IDe as foi'leiWs:

*

-ro.

* * * * " €f:i) To 'repo'l1t i,rnme<il.'i mtely to tile IDl1esident

of tlle district association the ibraBsiEer or l'e.sidence of a family in the area 0 ;1' areas under his (!)r her jurisdiction to any }ilJace (!)utsh<ie his (!)''11 her jtl'risdict ion or th e arrival of a Bew :Eam~ly ion the area or areas under hi,s e1" her jUl7is<i1i.cti(!)n." SEC. 6. TheFe is hel'eby iRsel·ted at the eB<il. e[ Section H of Executive O;rder No, 77 an add,i,ti0na;1 p 9. 2' agTa pl~ ( 5 ), r eading as f0IIows: "Sec. 11. Th e dut ies and resp0Hsibi,lities ' O:E !leads of f am ili es shall be as fOJ1i0WS:

*

*

" (5) In ease they n:10ve thei.r fami.ll ies te establish their residence within the area or areas Imder the jurisrlicti0n 0f another Beighilil0rhe0d associatiOI;:} , te rep0rt immediately SUGh IaGt t(!) the leader of the neighborhood ass0ciation within tl:J.e area or areas in which they es,t ablish their Bew residenGe." -

SEC. 7. SectioB 13 of Executive Q,r der No. 77 is hereby amended to read as fo1'lows: [20]

f':-··


~''t:'-'.l ......paJL<~.r

hlIh~ -o'f-'herrj~'Ho

of

so. issoeiaticiiis 78hifI take

"' _ ...._. ."' .

The leader'S' ,; ~l' the':census)of . the' ~esldents :lVithin ~tPe ~t:.e~ ~<tlB areas ' trnder their jurisdiction.!.everY .. 0tli~:r,EJ1l..9.J;i.tb;:.:,!~p. CO?~~C~~g ~~e ..Jl)llrij¥!. ~e~ti~e_d rJp )P.s: ,ne-tl p:ecedmg"sectIon, , ~he pr~~~dei:J..t QtJL~l..lt~B~t- ~ssoCla­ tion' shan ' carry alob~f Witli'hhim~ thE;{ family %'e nsus register while th~ rlead:e f l oI ~ a =':il~i'ghbo' rhcro'cf' assoit . qr ciwtion shall -,go)j<fuct_"~ll}.ll., S!lrvey- -.b~s.eq _ ilp9~ the --"~ L.... :'!:...._ t.. If... c:;...Et.G.aE ~onJ1a:l. ';_, . . . ~ b~~4 ..;.:!f.'~i(" ~(~ iinfi.2 ..':'I3b~~~( bin~ 'SEC." " Seclion f15 ~of ~x~critrve ~-0~d~r'~Nli~:'77 is' hereli)y 'a menaed fu read as follows; ~ . ,,::,~ juf'_'--, ' -

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"Sec. 15. ' The head of each family shaU,' for the convenience of the one taking the' family census, display .a 'monpai' in a conspicuous place inside his or her 'house and shall , promptly make corIi-. rections _the:.;e,o f jn case. any cmoveJIlent -among the members of his or her family,; such 'as birth, death, c- ,and other family events, h,a s taken place." , ==-" -

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SEC. 9. Section 19 af -Executive Order No. ''77 is hereby amended ,to ,~ea~ as ~~!o~s: _ ~:; . , ,;"Sec: '19. - :rhe""bulIge~ ' for' the ~eit 1iScaI year of a 'district a~soc'iation:'~sliall prepare(f'' by -its ' president .duriIig , the ':morilh "of December:'~f the previous year ' in : cO'nsultation' with the 'leaders of -' the"neighborhoed .assciCiatwIls under'h1s or-her ju" rlsdiction, shall be !los-ted for publication ' at a. con- ' spicuous place, " and ~ slilllf'be-'subjeet 'to the 'i prior , 'apPl'ovaI of the city 0r municipal mayor concerned."

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SEC. 10.- Section 22 of hereby amended to read as follows: .

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"Sec. 22. The dues and fees to be paid by _ _ .. 'the members of a district -or a "'Jieighborhood asso; ciatioft, the ' 1ines ~'imp'osed on account of negligeziceor other faults, all coUections--for reward or ' relief [2i] ,-


and all other collections made by a ne~gh,a0rflOod . association shall be placed in the custody; of the ,president of a district assacia;tian. Sl1ch dues, fees, fines, collections [ar rewa;rd or relief and aU other collecti0ns shall be depasited Jby the president of the district association in the Postal Savi.n gs Bank or in a stable banking institution." - SEC. U. ·See-tion"25 of iExecutive Order Na. 77 is hereby ameNded to read as fol'laws-: "Sec. 25. In case any resi<ilent within 'aN area or areas under the jurisdictian a15 a district assoeiatian establishes c(!)llNectien wiilh, er f(!)llows or tries to foIlaw the directioNs 0£, or conceals or assists or tries to assist a aa;ndit er bambits, the said resident sha~l be punished iN ac(wrdance with existing laws or orders; aNd the leader arE the neighborhood associatian as well as the president pf the district assaciation concerned shall be punisiQed b\Y a fine of not more than fifty pesos or ay- imwrisanment ·of not mOl1e than ane month, or beth, in the discretion of the c(!)urt, if notwathstandiRg knewledge af sueR fact, they failleiil ar refused te take the measures :mecessary :Der the apprehens'i on af such crimi,nall element." SEC. !2. SectiON 26 (!)f Executive Order Na. 77 is hereby amended to read as fo ~low:s: "Sec. 26. In case a resident of the area 01' . areas under the jutlsdictiaD (!)f a :meighborh@od association turns out to me a felonious criminal. th~ head af .each family within che ll(~igh bol'h ooci [c:;S0 dation shaH lle pUNished by a fin e of not more thm; twenty pesos, if notwithstan ding l;::n owler!'::-2 0:'::: .~·u (:ll fact he failed or refused t o take the measu::es n ecessary for the .a pprehensi0n 0f sueh eriminaL" SEC. 13. Sedio:m 27 of Execmti\'e Order ;\0. 7Tis hereby .amended to read as fo}i]@ws: o

"Sec. 27. A m!lle of not mere than fifty pesos shall be imposed iN the foll@wing cases: •. ".(1) ThGse wh@ ~ave failee to perform their . - duties by not making prampt i~port, as reql!lirecl: . :-; . .in this 01!de~.

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[22]


"(2) Those who refuse ~to ro1low _the -directions of the Constabulary Officers -upon lbe apprenenslOll of subversive elements or who fail to render cooperation de spite the request to -do 'so, without justifiable cause." Done in the City of Manila, Philippines, this 17th day of March, 1943. _ ( Sgd.) J ORGE B. VARGAS Chai17nan of the E x ecutive Commissi9n A PPROHD b y the

COD:man del'-in-Chief of the I mperial J aprmese FOl"~e s in th e Philippines on :'lar ch 17, 1ÂŁ)4 3. E XECUTIVE ORDER NO. 138 SALE , RECLASSIFICATION AND REVALUATION OF FRIAR LANDS P urs uant to the aut hor ity conferred upon me as Head of t he Central Administrative Organization by Order No. 1 in connection with Order No.3 0f the Commander-in-Chief of the Imperial Japanese Forces in the Philippines, and upon the recommendation of the Executive Commission, it is hereby ordered thatSECTION 1. The. Director of Lands shall reclassify and r evaluate friar lands acquired from the Government thru purchase on installments, which have not yet been fully paid, and those that still remain undisposed of, considering, among other-things, their location, topography and quality as the bases for such rec1assification and revaluation. SEC. 2. After the holding of any purchaser of friar lands has been reclassified and revaluated in accordance \vith section one hereof, the Director of Lands shall Ihodify the contract of sale executed in favor of such- pur-chaser subject to the approval of the Commissioner of Agriculture and Commerce so as to effect the necessary changes in the sale value of the land er its appraisal and the amount of each installment to be paid, which must be adjusted in accordance with the new valuation ther eof: P r'ovl~d e d, however', That when the sales contract has [23J

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already expired and the total purchase priee ioNdl!lG1Ng the interest thereon has not ,b een ful,ly paid, or ,the c~m­ _tract has not yet expired but its unexpired ~erm [S 'Il0t m0re than fIve years; the pl!lrchaser, in. the discretion of the Director of Lands, may me given a period .0f five (5D years from the date of the m0d'ification ef the eontract in case of the :n0rmer, and an additi0nal period of not more than five (5) years from the d·rute on wh4ch the ' - - contract will ~xpire under its pro;visi0ns in case of the latter, within which to pay the ma}a,1'I.ce in five (5) e~1:I.al installments, or in such nummer 0l eG.ual ammal ioNstaH_ ments as may c0rresp'ond to the perioG in which the centract is yet to run. _ SEC. 3. Should a purchaser elect to give up a p0rA ion of his holdings which have been acqui,r ed under ONe or more sales contracts, and retain on[y- a 'c ertai'N area, the Director of Lands with the a;pproval of th~ Commissioner of Agriculture and Commerce, may modify the sa1es eontrac~ . eovering the same, and convey and deed to such Jlurchaser, after the necessary subdivision has been made, an area which, whenever possible, shalll be i,n one parcel aNd w;hose value is eql!livallent to tliie total amount that has been paid ON acceunt of instal'lments 0n the pm-chase price of h,i s entire holdiNgs, as adju ste€l iI'l acc9raance with the new valuation. The expenses of any subdivision to be made 11'1. acc0rdance herewith shal,} os borne by the Jlurchaser. SEC. 4. All sales·(!)f friar lancls made aIfter the P'l.'Omulgation of this Order, shall be sl!lbject to the c01'l.dit ion 'that the purchasershaU pay the purGhase price in not ~ore than twen.ty, (20) equal aNNual iNstaHmeHts, with interest at the rate of four per cent um OF! aU inst2cll::n(mtsdue and paY3ible: Previded, however, That. no purchase r shall be allowed to aequire m.ore than ten hegtares ; A.nd '[YlVYVided, jurther, That when the Ia-nd to be sold is unimproved the purchaser shall not be requir--e@ t.o pay any _installinent on the purchase price of the lana for the first' five (5) years from the date of effectivity of the 'centract, except a reasonamle yearly rental which shall be determined by the Director of Lands. '1 'he total amount of rental paid by- a pl!lrcnaser shall me crei!l.itecl. _as a :Part of the purchase price of the land if t he Pl!1r_chaser ~v~~ ~2o, cause for canceBation of the centract,

[24J

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SEC. -5. ( rr.F~t::ihe 'pu'rposes' hireb(faiiy':sa:ies ':coht~~~t remaining 1mca:licelled shall be' bcinsidered ,subsistmg: no't':. withstanding ' the-: ex!:iir ation' of ihi1period of"the .)con~ tract and the party concerned shall 'be '-entitled to-, the benefits of the provisions of this 'Order, '.land 'any can: celled sales contract whicn covers 'a tract ,of land that has not yet been disposed of 'm ay be ·reinstated ·for' the purpose of issumg a deed ,of conveyance ,therefor after the necessary revaluation has 'been made and upOn pay~ ment of the purchase price thereof: Efo7Jided, ...That when an expired contract is modified and extended Or when a contract that has already- been cancelled is) re'in~ stated, the land to be conveyed shall not exceed ten (19) hectares, except where the total amount previously paid by the purchaser as purchase price is more th,an the value of ten hectares, in which case an area whose value is equivalent to the amount so paid by the purchaser ' shall be conveyed. .. , SEC. 6. The Commissioner of Agriculture and Commerce may promulgate all needful rules and regulations for the faithful carrying out of the purposes hereof. SEC. 7. Such provisions of existing laws as are inconsistent wit h the provisi(!)ns of this Executive Order are hereby revoked or modified accordingly. -' '!'[

",

Done in the City of Manila,. Philippines, this 19th day of Marc~~1943. (Sgd.) JORGE B. VARGAS Chairman of the Executive Commission

by the Director General of the Japanese Military Administration on March 19, 1943.

ApPROVED

EXECUTIVE ORDER NO. 139 FIXING OFFICE HOURS DURING THE HOT SEASON Pursuant to the authority -conferred upon me 'as. Head of the Central Administrative Organization by ,Order No. 1 of the Commander-in-Chief of the ,IPlperial [25]

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Jiapanese Forees in tbe Phi1ipp-iDes "and upon -therecommendation of the E:x:ecutive Commission, -the -office heurs of government bureaus and offices, including the prev-incial, city .and munici]i)al governments,. ·during the period iTom AJlril fi.rst to June fifteenth, nineteen hundred .and forty-three, beth dates inclusive, shall be from ni'n e :()~dock in the morning te (:)lle o/clock in the after:noon- -and- :i1rom-two -o'~lock to feur- "o'clock ~n the after·n eon 'everyday, ~xcej)t Saturday when the office hourS shall be reduced to four continuous homs from ndine o'clock in the morni'I!g to <Qne o'clock in the afternoon. This Order shall .be without prejudice to the discretion of the Meae. of any Department, Bureau, er 'Office, or the provincial gevernor, city mayor, er municipal mayor to e4.tend the bours of labor f<Qr any e1" all of the employees unffer him whenever the interests of the public so require. " IDone in the City of Manila, day of March, 1943.

,~hillippines,

this 23rd

·(Sgd.) JiORGE B.VARGAS ·'·

Chainrurm of the 'Executive Commission EXECUTIVE ORDER NO. · 140 IMPOSING PERCENTAGE' TAXES ON REEFERS OF HOTELS, LOIDGING HOUSES, RESTATJRANTS, - -CAFES, "REFRESHMENT PARLORS,. R<!)@F GARDENS, NIGHT GLUES, EARS, GR1LIkS, AND .oN PROFRIETQRS, FROMOTERS, LESSEES, OR OFERATORS OF THEATERS, CINE1VLATOGRAFHS, CONCERT.. HALLS, CIRCUSES, BOXIN G OR WRESTLING EXHIEIT10NS, CABARETS, RA©E TRACKS, COCKPliTS, JAI-ALAI, AND OTHER FLACES OF AMUSEMENT. · Pursuant to tIle ·autn.0rity con:lierred upon me as Head of · the ~k8.'i A-dministratiIV€ Organization by . Order Na. _1 in connectien with Order No. 30f the Commander-in-Chlef af the Imperial J apalilese FO'rces in the Philippines, and upon the recommendation of the EXecl!ltwe.. CommiSsion,t'b:e i.(')llowing rules and: regula. tions.gav.en:cing the: :impo~tien ' af percentage taxes on . .k'6epexs of hotels; lOdging =ho.l1sesi restaurants; cafes, :r,.e[26]


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- <or .~~es'tlmg ;eDlbEtions;: £abare~, -~ce. ~aGk~, f.f:at-:A:fui.;camd. iijflher-.r-pIaces_ p.i crmimlltgated::- .f:\~3"" ro.~ :." .:f';~

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·;r;.'$i(;li6N-i:;'~. hrceniJge -kt~n} 1fh>i8-;"ec'eipt-s 61 k-eep~:;.s of 'hote1:s:'t[odgj:ng h:Uii8es, 'fesmitrcin1ts, 'cafes, -refresh-

ment pa1'uJrS,"J¥o-cf/ }ttifdCitS; ifttgkt -efu'b i, ~Till8, )barsi-rana -t!!tl~er~o: :< i!:I\..&4!li~~I?J!, t£I: -the,j p~~(!.e~~~ ,~ o.t ,o.ne and .:One-half per .c.eatum -p rescrJbea in .sectio.n .o.ne hundred ,n,i nety-one ,of ,the ,N:mODal InteriiaI Reveniie Co.de, there Shan :-be- 1evied~ .[assesS~· .and .:co.lleCted :a _tax equiva1ent v to. twenti per centuiii---ef fue groSs .xeeei:pts, ',exclusive o.f the tax impo.sed herein, deriie;(by' keepers o.f ho.tels, ro.~ging ho.uses,_-reStaura.nts, ·-.cmiies~. ,refreshment p~l?rs, :roof 'gardens, night clubs, :bars, I~I.nS, and other SImilar ·busi~ssesfrom . the services ' of furnishing .m eals 'and drinkS to customers, the tax ~ be based on the iotal . amaunit paid by each perso.n fo~ services, -food, 'refresh>ments, liquors, bevera·g es . :and lother articles, whether 'Subject ·to specifi~ tax -01" not, Fclud!ng admission f~ or co.ver charge, if any. The of the tax -shall always be in the mqltiple of en centavos, such that any tax less:t1;lan five centavos-s ,an Qe disrega~:ded while any tax or five centavos or monb -shan :be co.nsidered' as -t~ii :cent avo.s. In caSe- t he;iotal amo.unt paiQ for - each per,s pn 'Is ]e~( Pllln"'onepeso 3.¥fd-fifty centavos; ' .no 'tax ~1?'a:1il 1i~ cCan~cted. t1ier~~~eXc~Jl,~ -~h:re tn~.J m~najenient .of the place ~ilIows ho.stesses 0li wal>tresses to. SIt down ~t -the 'tab1e w:ith' lhe' customers-iorCpartake of the fo.o.d, _ ~;efr~shments, liquo.rs; . ]'lev.·erag~_ . ~aiid 'oilier articles ser-ved' to. cusfomers, ' ~ '_where -~e [ restaurant, refreshment parler, lI~r, ' or ~"is -o perated withhi the premises of 'a cabaret -or · accessmre~ thereifr.Qni ' fu.- -whkh 'icase all ,_~he t~impo.sed - ¥te .~o.ss ~eceipts sBa~.:.,,?e :sub~ec~ m th'IS ' sectIOn, Irrespectwe-oIT:ne amount .p aid for each person. ., - " -

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. .. .- - SEC: -2. - P_ercerl;tage tax on gross 'receipts ~ of _ pro~ prietors-,promo'iers, lessees, o r oPerators of theaters, c.inimuL·tographs,ccribmFets; oonce1: .1wIls-, 'circuses, 'boxing or wrestling ?eXhibitions; Dmd 1thers.-There -shill 'be levied, ass~ed, : and collected Yom . the -proprieto.rs,:. pro.[27J.

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moters, lessees, or operators of theaters, cinematogTap I s, cabarets, concert halls, circuses, box~g or wre~tling:'Ef­ nibitions and other similar places. of, amusement".a :! equivalent to twenty per centum of the gross: recei ts from the admissi@nprices,exclusiveofthetax.impo;e'dherein: Provided, That in the case @f ca!b3)rets, the ,~ ss receipts shall also include the share of -the propr,ie r or operator in the amounts paid bi custoinerf(. fO~he - _ _ _

(~~~ices ~~ ~~~f~ssi~n~~. ~~n~~~~ , ~n~_ ~~~~ei~.~1'~·'~~:~~~"~ .

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In the case of bOXIng or wrestlIng exhlblHomr,'"'any am~unt required under Executive Or4er. No:-' 95; '~s amended, to be set' aside to defray the expenses' Of' the Central AdmInistrative Organization shall be deduct~d from the gross receipts. ~""O: i' - __.

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. In the case of theaters . or cmematographs, ~~ tax herein prescribed shall be deducted and 'withheld .hY; ,t he proprietors, lessees; or operators of . BU(!i! theat~r8.: avd cinematographs and paid to the Director of _Customs and Internal. Revenue before the gross receipts are <livided between the proprietor, lessee, or operat~r pf -4e . theaters or cinematographs and the distri.butor of the cinematographic films. ..' I SEC. 3. Percentage tax on gross receipts of pr,oprietors, lessees, or operators of T(we tracks-; cockpits, .. 'I Jai-Alai, and others.-'Fhere shall be levied, assessrd .

and collected from pr@prietors, lessees or operators ?f race tracks, c@ckFlits, Jiai-Alai and @ther-.places @f amus~ ment where the pl7opl7iet@r, lessee, or oJ!ler~tor receiv~B a certain percentage of the total bets placed on any game or exhibition conducted wlthfii the place of amusement, a tax equivalent to twenty per centum of'the. gross receipts, exclusive of the tax imposed herein. . ~. .

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For the purpose of the tax imposed b~ 1J!is ~ection, the term "gross receipts" embraces all the receipts .o f the proprietor, lessee or operator . of . the amus~ent place from the admission fees and the total amoUnt,received as percentage of the bets Fllaced en any,-game 'or exhibition conducted within the place of amusement. ··.t*- -

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SEC. 4. Payment of the tax.-The tax imposed in ' section one hereof shall be paid by the affixture of in,. ternal rev.enue stamps on invoices, . ~s pre.scribed' in· sec~ [28] ""

_


tion five. If shall be the duty of keepers of hotels, lodging houses, restaurants, cafes, refreshment parlors, roof gardens, night clubs, bars, grills, and other similar businesses to purchase in advance internal revenue stamps from the Bureau of Customs and Internal Revenue or from the nearest depl!1ty provincial treasurer so that they may have sufficient stock on hand for affixture to invoices. The ta:'{es imposed in sections two and th ree shall be payable at the end of each calendar month and it shall be the duty of tlile propl'iecor , lessee or op er2.tol' of any business su bject to t he said taxes , '",iihin ty;; e:J~:: days after. the end of each cale!:Ciai' month, to m.. ke n. true and complete r etulll or the gross receip ts ,juri!1 gthe preceding calenQar month and pay the t ax due thereon. If the tax is n0t paid within the time prescribed above, the amount of the tax shall be increased by twenty-five per centum, the increment to pe a par t of the tax. In case any person subject to any of the taxes imposed in this Oi 'der makes a false or fraudulent return 0r evades or int ends to evade the payment of the tax my false or fraudulent acts, transactions, or entries in his moeks of accounts, there shall be aQded to the tax he eva Qed er intended to evade a surcharge of five hundred per centum But iF} no case shall the surcharge be less than fifty pesos, the amol!1nt so added to the t ax shaN be coj,JecteQ at the same time and in tlile same manner as the tax, or if fhe tax is paid before the discovery of the frau.d, the same shall be collected in the same manner as the tax. I

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SEC. 5. Issuance of invoices.-Every person subject t@ tax under section one of this Order shall prepare and¡ issue invoices serially numbered in duplicate showing; am@ng other things; his name, or style, if any,. and business address. The invoices should be in sets 0f il. O@ each, either sewn or bound. The invoice issued sha]:! iFHilicate the items for which the total amount is paid and tlile C0st of each item, the number of persons seFVed, and the date of issue, out if the total amount paid- for each person is less than fifty centavos, no invoice need be issued, except that where the management

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of the place allows hostesses or waitr sses to ,sit down at the table with the c~stomers or parftake of the food; refreshments; ', liquors" beverages . an~' other a-rticles served to' cust0mers; or' where- the- restaurant; refreshment parIor, bar, or grill is operated within the PFemis'es' of a cabaret 017: accessible-- theteftom,. in wh.ieh case, invoices shall be issued, irrespectIve' of the amount ,paid for each person. The original 0~ _tne3Il.voice , sha'2n~_ _ be delivered to the customer and the iiuplicate shall be kept and' pr.e's erved for a period of _fl.Jf, years ,from the date of issue of the fast invoice in the bOQk. " The Internal revenue stamps preJcribed in. section four shall be affixed to the duplicate invoice immediately after the issuance of the 'original to the customer, and a hole sufficiently Visible to tne naked eye shall he punched, cut o'r perforated on both the stamps ancLthe - duplicate invoice, either , by the use of a hancil punch, knife, perforating machine, scissors or any other cutting instrument. i ,= ' Before the invoice books aFa used, they shall first be presented for approval to the Dir~ctor ar Customsand Internal Revenue, if the place af Business is in l\1a'nila, or to the Provincial Revenue A,g ent, if in the province. I

I

6. Issuance of tickets.~In , the case ,of amusement or business places wherein admis~ion fees or cover char ges are re(iJ,uil1ed to be paid, it snaIl be the duty of the proprieto!l.¡s, lessees, or operators l;to provide themselves vdt h tickets which shall be serially numbered, indicating therei'ri tne name of the amusement plaee and t he fee charged for admission: Before being used, the tickets shall first be presented to the Director of Customs and Internal Revenue, if the amusement, place is in Manila, or to the Provincial Re.v.enue Agent, if, in' the province, for registration and approvaL Once tb:e-tic~t is issued to the customer: and'-presented. at: the gate or entrance, it shaU 'be the duty ot.-the' gatekeeper to cut the ticket into two, the first ha1f t(;), be returned~ to the customer and the other half' to he retained and kept :nor at least five years from the date of issue, Uinil ess the Director-of Customs ' and' Internal R'ev.enue -shall ' authorize the destruction, :.thereof prior: t(tJ- the expiration of SEC.

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~E¥;tav~9.ate!i@:eM, ~!S~ter- .w.it~ the Dire,cto}; of qustomS' and Internal Revenue, if in Manila, ' or with the - Provincial Revenue Agent or Provincial Treasurer, if <the'-"provihee , ." by filing: an application for registra. tion- ,8howihg';thename,:'.nati'onality, and residence (if an~ alien, 'atsi:>'the number ·of the registration certificate) of tllei:keeper;' proprietol';' Iessee' or operator of· the place of' business, or amusement; · the business name or style and ' .Ibeation of the place; the nature of the business; the names, nationality and r esidence of other persons having, interest in. tpe business and th e nature and ex, tent' of said interest; the date and the manner in which btlsiness was established; and the name, nationality' ,and residence of the manager or the business .

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. If the business is subject to tax under section one of this Order, the application shall also state the regular amounts charged for meals, accommodations or other servic,e s, and other regular charges, In' the case. of amusement places subject to tax under section two, the 'application shall also state the cIass- es: of admission or accommodation and the fee charged for- each .class· of admiSSIon or accommodation. In the case of other amusement places subject to tax . under s~tion . three, the proprietor, lessee or operator'sSfuiJf:l-alsi>- 'f lirnish additional information as to the' regular, price charged for each class of admission or accommodation;' the ' regidar- charges for services or ent'ertainment furnished within the place 'Of amusement, if any; and the share of the 'proprietor, lessee or operator in the amoJ,lnt of the- bets placed on any game or exhiBition ' and 'conducted: ~thin th~ place. . 0

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~In: case there is any change in any of the data here- · in req,uired, notice of such change shall be sent not later than ten days from the date it takes effect. to the I;>ireetor 'of Customs' and Internal Revenue, or ·to the ' Provincial Re-yenue Ag,ent or Provi.n cial Treasurer, as th~' Case may be. ' , ,', , -:-:.

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' _. SEC. ' 8,

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Exemptions;-All places of business or , [3.1]

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amusements falling within the purview of tliis Ol'der, which are operated by the Imperial Japanese Army and Navy with fUDds aelonging to the [mp,eriaI Japa,nese _ G@ver:nment, are exempt fr@m aDY of the taxes herein ~p~~

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The taxes imposed in sections two and three shall Dot be paid where the admission fees or charges are collected by, or for and in behalf @f any religious, charitable, scientific or educati@nal institution or association, and where ne part of tRe net pr@ceeds of such admission fees or charges inures to tRe benefit @f a.n y private stockholder or individual. SEC. 9. Records to be kept.-Every person sub-j'ect to tax under this Ol1de,r shaH keep the aooks of accounts and other rec0rds re(;}uired in ReguJations No. 87 of the Department of Finance, as amended, a'o d shan be subject to the other reqwiremenis ]>rescribed in said regulations. __ _, _ _ SEC. 10. AdministnLtive -provisio?1iS.-All administrative, special, and general provisions of ex:istmg law, including the la\\\s in relati0D to the assessment, re.mission, collection, and refund @f inter:na[ revemle iax<es, not inconsisteJ!1t witR ;tRe prc!>visi@ns of this 0l'der, al'e hereby exteml.ed and marle applicaib le t@ the p]'ovisi@ns of this Or der aNd to the taxes herei.1'l imposed. SEC. 11. P enalty j071 failure to issue invoices or tickets.-Any keelller @f h@tel, l@d'g ing house, restaurant, cafe, refreshment parlor, roof gardeN, night clUB, ~aili, g:'l'ill, and. ot her places of amusement- sUIDject to the tax prescribed iN sectiol'1 @ne h e3:eQf, wh@ fails to issuif- lclfrvoi!;.es as r equired in sect ion five or issl!les a false or fraudulent invoice, and any prop!l'iet@r, lessee 01" 0perator of any of the businesses taxed \!lInder sections wo and tht'ee, who fails to isslcle tickets wRen the issuance thereof is required, or t o cut the same as reqai1!e'd in section six, shall be punished by a tine of n@t m0re than ~ five hundred pesos or my impris@nment f@r not 'more ¡ than one year, or both, in the disCl"etien of the- c()urt. SEC. 12. Penalty for vlGlation 8ft o,t her provisions of this OTder or 1'egulatio7VS in general.-Any pel'son who violates any provision of tRis Order or an:y regu-

[32]


lation of the Department of Finance made in conformity with the same, for which violation no specific penalty is provided by law, shall be punished by a fine of not more than one hundred pesos or by imprisonment for not more than two months, or both, in the discretion of the court. SEC. 13. Inconsistent provisions modifi ed.-A ny . provision of the National Internal Revenue Code and other Acts inconsistent with the provisions of this Order are hereby modified accordingly. SEC. 14. Effectivi ty .-This Or der shall take effect on the first day of Aprii, n ineteen hundred and forty-three.

- Done in t he Cit y of :,I:Ianila, P h il ippines, this day of March, 1943.

24~h

(Sgd.) JORGE B. VARGAS Chairman of the Executive Comm.ission ApPROVED by the Commander-in-Chief of the Imperial Japanese Forces in the Philippines on March 24, 1943. EXECUTIVE ORDER NO. 141 PROVIDING A NEW DIVORCE LAW ..Pursuant to the authority conferred upon me as Head of the Central Administrative Organization by Order No.1 in connection with Order No.3 of the Commander-in-Chief of the Imperial Japanese Forces in the _ Philippines, and upon the recommendation of the Executive Commission, it is hereby ordered that:â&#x20AC;˘ SECTION 1. Title of the Order.-This Order shall be known as ¡ the Divorce Law. . ' SEC. 2'. Grounds for divorce.-A civil action for divorce may be brought by either spouse in a proper ' court of .justice on any 'of the following grounds:

1. Adultery 'on the part of the wife or concubinage on the part of the husband committed under ' any of the forms described in the Revised Penal Code. '

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2. Attempt by one spouse against the life of the other. 3. A second or sqbsequent marriage contracted 'IDy either spouse before the former ~arriage has been le- gally dissolved. ' 4. Loathsome either spouse.

contagious

disease contracted by -

5. Incurable insanity which has reached such a stage that the intellectual community between the spouses has c~ased. 6. Impotency on the part of either spouse.

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7. Criminal conviction of either spouse of a crime in which the minimum penalty imposed is not less than six years imprisonment. 8. Repeated bodily violence by one against the other to such an extent that the spouses cannot continue living together without endangering the lives of both or of either of them. 9. Intentional or unjustified desertion conti!nueusly for at least one year prior to the filing of the action. 10. Unexplained absence from the last conjl!lgal abode continuously for three consecutive years prier to t he filing of the action.

11. Slander by deed or gross insult by one spouse against the other te such an extent as to make ;/iu1rther living together impracticable. SEC, 3 . H"ho can claim. divoTce.-The action ~f:>r ,' divorce may be filed as follows: 1. In case N o. 1 of the li>receding section, by the innocent spouse provided there has been no condonation of or consent to the adl!l.ltery or concubinage, as the case may be; •

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2. In cases Nos. 2, 8, 9, and 11, by the innocent spouse;

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3. In case No.3, by the spouse who has nQt con., tracted a second or subsequent 'marriage; __ ___. .. ' [34]


4. In -case No.4, by the spouse who has not contracted the disease: 5. In case No.5, by the sane spouse; 6. In case No.6, by the spous e who is not impotent': 7. In case No.7, by the spouse who has not been convicted of any crime in which t he m inimu m penalty imposed is not less than s ix year s' imprisonmen t; 8. In case No. 10, by the spouse who has n ot absented from the conj uga l abode. SEC . 4 . Residence of p eti t ionei" . -~o person 'Sh.ll _ be entitled to a divorce who has net ~' es i ded in t112 P:liiippine cont inuously f or a t least a perio6. of ODe ye:l:: prior to the filing of the petition. SEC. 5. LimiJtati;on of acti on.-An act ion f or divorce cannot be filed except within one year from and after the date on which the plaintiff became cognizant of the cause. If the plaintiff was out of the Ph ilippines when he became cognizant of such caus e, the action must be filed within one year after his return. In every case, the action must be filed within five years from and after the date when the caused occurred. SEC. 6. Signature, attesbation, contents, and verification of petition.-The petition for divorce shall be signed and verified by the plaintiff personally, and shali set forth the ground or grounds relied upon. SEC. 7 . Hearings behind closed doors; prohi bition of publication of divorce proceedings.-Upon petition of one of the parties and with the approval of the court, hearings in divorce cases may be had behind closed doors. In such case, no pUblication in the newspapers shall be made of divorce ' proceedings, except when the address of the defendant is unknown and cannot be ascertained by diligent inquiry in wh{ch case service of . summons may, by leave of court, be effected by publication. SEC. 8. Judgment by default prohibited, except in certain cases.-1iJx:cept In case of absence or desertion, no judgment by default shall be rendered unless it is

[35]


shown to the satisfaction 0f tl1e cOl!lrt that the defeFldBnt's purp0se is to frustrate the rtustifiable claim of the petitioner. SEC. 9. 3epara,tion of spouses and rnamagement of propeTty, pendente lite.-After ithe filing of the J')etition for divorce, the spouses shall be enti'tled to Hve separately from each other and manage their respective prop. erty.

The husmand shall C0ntinue to manage the C0mmlUlity property but shall not disp0se of the same 0r its income or fruits without the consent of the C0l!lrt; but if the court deems it proper, it may al'lPoint aFl0tl1er l[letson to manage said pl'operty, iFl whi0h ease the administrator shall have the same rights amI duties as a guardian and shaI.I not be allowed to dispose of tlle capital 0r of the income except in accordance with the orders 0f the court.

SEC. Ie.

CaTe 01 minor children pending suit.-

During the pendency or divorce pr0ceeddngs the court shall make provision f0r the care of the mion0r children, in accordanoe with the Gircl!lmstances, and may 0rder t he community property or the iBeome therefrom to me set aside fQ r th~ ir sup]lQrt ; an61 iN ctefa ule;j; thereef said m,in or childl'en shall IDe car ed fQir in cOBf0rm,i ty with the provisions of the Civil Code; and their cust ody shalll me awarded by the court in accordaflce with section 6, Rtale 100 of the Rules of COl!lrt; bl!lt the COl!lrt shatl aIDsta.in f rom making any order iB this respect ion ease the par ents h"w e, b)' mutu al agreement, made prc:rvisi0B for th e car e of sai d n~i n (O l- cr..lJdr en 9nd these are, !Il the jucl;p1ient of t h,= ('ou r~ . v,"e.ll ca:-':.=;d fo !", .

3r:c . 11. Eff at ('.~ ~i'VD1¡Cc. -T he decrC?e 0 1 dlvorce sh a jj dissolve t he Donds of matrim ony as \yell as the conj ugal p ar t nership a s soon as sl!l ch dectee mecomes fina L SEC. 12. Efject of diss@lution of honds of 7rUJ;tri?nony,-The dissolution of the bonds (!)f matrimoBY shaH have the followi ng effects: (a) The spol!lses shall lDe free to marry again. wife. shall resume her maiden name. ' [36]

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(b) The min.o r chil dren shall remain in . the j.c ustody of the spouse that the court may seieCt ufifess tlii 'cQu.t;t, in the in.terest of said minors, . direct . uri'ae-f the pro;visions of section 6, Rule . 100 of the Rules · of Court.

otherwfse"

(c) . The children shall, with regard to their· parents, r etain all ri gh ts granted to them by law as legitimate children. - ,.. SEC. 13. E f fect of .d-isso lu t ion of conjug.al pfL l"tne?·ship. -With{n sixty days after the decree has be·~ CORl e iil! al, the husband or the administrator appointea lil y th e co urt s h ~-dl liquidate the conjugal par tnership in :.lc:::o rdar. ce wi th tlle provi s ions of Articles 1417 to 1431 or the Ci,-il Code and the Articles therein mentioned. T he statement of liquidation shall cont ain all the items upon yvhich it is based and shall be filed with the court with notice to the parties. The court may order thestat emen t amended, corrected or otherwise changed, as law and equity demand. Upon final approval of the statemen t of liquidation, the cour t shall order the deliver y of t he share of each spouse, if there be any. Within th.irty days after receipt of such share, each of the spouses shall deliver 1/2 thereof to his or her legitimate children, or to the guardian app@i:nted by the court for that pUTI'l0se. _ Should either of the spouses _have legitimate chHdren by a former rnarr,iage, ~side from those ef the marriage dissolve@. by the decree of divorce, all ef the childl'eN shan be eNtitled to 2/3 @f the share pertaifl ing to said SFlOlise. . . SEC. 14. Effect of reconciliati on.-The recoNciliation of the spouses shall stOFl the proceedings and annul the deCFee if it has not yet become final and shall restore the spouses to their original condition. SEC. 15. Alimony.-If the wife is the- petitioner aNd s:1J.e has ne meaNS of suppert, the court may grant her alimony, pendente lite, uRder the terms and condi- · t ions prescribed in Rule 63 of the Rules of Court. 'Where the greund ef divorce is insanity, the plaintiff shall ceJltinue t e support the insane eveR after final decree se leng as 'the insaNe has no property @r is devo~d of the means of livelihood. - [37J

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SEC. i6. Repeal of Act 2710 ana other laws.-Act 2710 aiul ail other Acts and piirtS of Acts incoIisistent herewith ~e h~reby repe{l.led."

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SEC.- 17. Transitory Provisi~.-The provisions of this Order shall apply to all cases pemHng on the. date of its effectivity and to all causes of action Mnder Act 2710 which nave accrued prior to said date and the rights -granted hereunder shall be available lor all the new groun:ds for divorce herein enumerated, even if they have 'occurred prior to said date, irrespective of the date of occurrence. In 'such'" cas'es, however, the action for divorce shaH be filed within one year from and after the date this Order becomes effective, or if the cause for divorce is discovered sub@quehtly, within one year f!om and after the date of such discovery. SEC. 18. Efiectivity 'Of ·t his Order.-This Ordet shaIi take efiecl upon its approval by the Commanderin-Chief of the Impc:rial J apanese Forces~- in the Philippines. . _ -

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Done in the City of Manila, Philippines, this 25th day of March, 1943. (Sgd. ) JORGE B. VARGAS Chairman of the E xecu,tive Comml,ission

ApPROVED by the Commanaer-in-Chief of the Imperial Japimese Forces in the PhiIiJ!lJ!li~es on March 25, 1943.

EXECUTIVE ORDER NO. 142 WITHDRAWING THE EXE MP TIO: T F ROM ~.LL TAXES AND GOVERNMENT FEES GRANTE D T O COOPERATIVE ASSOCIATIONS PurSuant to the authority conferred upon me as Head of the Central Administrative Organizati on by Order No: i in connection with Order No.3 of the Command·e r-in-Chief of the Imperial Japanese Forces in the P hilippines; ' and upon the recommendation of the Executive COrilmission, the exempt"ion from all UL'l(eS an<ll. government fees of whatever name and desc.r iption granted to cooperative 3.sseciations by Commonwealth Act

t38J


".

Numbered Five huridred a~d ~ixty-five ' is .hereby ' withdrawn. . This Order shall take effect on April 1, 1943. Done in the City af Manilla, Philippines, this 25th day of March, 1943. eSgd.) JORGE B. VARGAS Chairman of the Executive Cornrniss'ion ApPRO\T,ED my the Commander-in-Chief of the Imperial Japanese Forces in the Philippines on Mar ch 24, 1fl45. E XEC"CT IVE OR.DER NO. 143 REDUCING BY T HIRT Y P E R CE NTu::'\f THE TAX ON ALL PERMANENT PLANTS AND / OR TREES FOR THE YEAR 1943 Pursuant to the authority conferred upon me as Head of the Central Administrative Organization by Order No.1 in cannection with Order No.3 of the Commander-in-Chief of the Imperial Japanese Forces in the Philippines, and \l>pon the recammendation of the Executive Commission, the real property tax on all permanent plants and/or trees oli any taxable real property for the calendar year 1943, is hereby reduced by thirty per centum: Provided, That this reductien shall not be enforced in any municipality or city where the general revision of real property assessments I:Mldertaken in 1941 has already been made effective. Done in the City of Manila, PhHippines, this 26th day of March, 1943. eSg-d.) JORGE B. VARGAS Chairman of the Executive Comrnission ApPROVED by the Direetor General 6f the Japanese lVIillitary Administration on March 26, 1943. EXECUTIVE ORDER NO. 144 AMENDING FURTHER CERTAIN SECTIONS OF EXECUTIVE ORDER NO.4 DATED FEBRUARY l39]


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5,. 1942, SO AS TO ABOLISH THE BUREAUS OF TRANSPORTATION AND PUBLIC UTILITIES AND TO CREATE IN THEIR STEAD THE BUREAU OF PUBLIC SERVICES; TO PLACE DIRECTLY UNDER THE COMMISSIONER OF PUBLIC WORKS AND COMMUNICATIONS THE SUPERVISION AND CONTROL OF LlGHTHOU SES, BUOYS, BEACONS, NAVIGATION MARKS AND THEIR APPURTENANCES, AS WELL AS THE COLLECTION AND DISTRIBUTION OF HYD-ROGRAPHIC AND GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATI(i)N; AND TO REMOVE FROM THE BUREAU OF COMMUNICATIONS THE SUPERVISION AND CONTROL OF TELEGRAPH AND TELEPHONE LINES AND RADIO SERVICES, EXCEPT RAD ] O BROADCASTS. Pursuant to the authority conferred upon me as Head of the_Central Administrat ive Organizat ion by Order No.1 iri ·connection with Q,r der No.3 -of the Commander-in-Chief of the Imperial Japanese Forces in the Philippines, and upon the recommendation of the Executive Commission, it is hereby erdered that- .' SECTION 1. Section 46 of E xecutive Order No. 4 'dated F ebruar y 5, 1942, is h ereby amended te r ead as follows: " Sec. 46. The Depar t ment of Public '\Vorks and Communications sh all perfo rm it s functions under the execut ive au thority of the Commissioner of Public WGlrks an d Commun icat ions who snaIl h ave execut.ive supenri-ion an d admi~isiTa :'i '.-e (;ontrol oyer the Bureau of P ublic \'I;- orks, BUl'e& u o.f Com munications, Bu r eau of F ub lic Ee:-yices, tWo. l:i1S ::\Ietl'opolii.an \~"ate l'wO!'ks Office.

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" It shall have supen'isi on and control of iighthouses, buoys, beacons, navigat i.on marks a nd their appQr tenances, wh ich shall no,,' 0 1' in the fu t ure be placed under the jurisdiction an d contr ol of th e government; the collection and distribution of h ydrographic and geographic inform ati on yaluable to navigati Ng crafts." SEC. 2.

Sectio n 48 of E xecut ive Order No.4 dated [40J


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February ,5; 1942, is ' hereby amended to re'il.d 'as ' follows:: "' ''''r,q h,··, "Sec. 48. Buref1lU orCommu~icatip.7z..f, :J~,_ s!taIl have the exclusive authority to establish, mamtam, and discont inue post offices, and to -establish,- operate and maintain rural free mail 'delivery~ rural money order and postal savings bank service" 'and to control all mail and postal business conducted in the Philippines, as well upon the waters within the marit ime jurisdiction of the Philippines as upon land, and it shall likewise supervise and regulate t h ':! uue Ol: r adio receiving sets in relation to radio bl'oacic:lsts," : '

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SEC, 3, Powe')'s an d Jm'isaiction of BU?'eau of Publ ic Se1'v'i ces-. -There is hel"eby created a Bureau of Pub-

lic Services which shall be unden the executive supervision and administrative control of the Commissioner of Public Works and Communications. This bureau shall have jurisdiction, supervision and control over all public services (except matters which come under the jurisdiction of other departments and bureaus), includ~ ing all land and water transportation facilities, their franchises, certificates, equipment, facilities and properties, and for this purpose, it shall regulate their use and operation including the determination 'of their public necessity, usefulness 'and the adequacy of their equip" ment, and the fixing af ratel'!,. tariffs, charges and schedules; the registration of mo"tor vehicles, the ,licensin'g of operators of such vehicles~nd' the supervision over motor vehicle traffic; and the' operation, management and control of government transportation equipment and facilities (Central Garage) and its repair shops. ' SEC. 4. 'Abolition and repeal.-The Bureau of Transportation ' and the Bureau of Public Utilities created under ' Article I of Executive Order No. 1 are hereby aboJ.ishEl,d and Sections 49 and 50 of Executive, Order No. 4 are hereby repealed. SEC. 5. : Transfer of funds, etc.-AlI the funds, equipment, materials, records and other properties pertaining to the Bureau of Public Utilities and the Bureau of ,Transportation, or so much thereof as may be considered necessary by the Commissioner of Public

[ 41]

).2 lOr

FILIPINAS HERITAGE LI6RARy_

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EXECtJTIVE ORDER NO. 145 PRESCRIBING RULES AND REGULATIONS GOV. ERNING THE ISSUANCE OF MO"T<JR VEHICLE DRIVERS' LICENSES Pursuant to the authority confert'ed upon me as Head of the Central Administrative Organization by Order No. 1 in connection wit h Order No. 3 of t he Commander-in-Chief of the Imperia'l J apanese Forces in t he Philippines, and upon the recommendation of t he Executive Commission, the following rules and r eguJations governing the issuance of motor vehicle driver s' licenses are hereby promulgated: SECTION 1. Holders of iicenses fo r dri\-ing motor vehicles may, on or bef.o re Juiy 31st of eac4 yeai¡. appJy for the renewal of s ai er li ceHses with t.he respecriYe Pl"Ovincial or city engineer of each province or city, who have been designated representat ives of the f ormer Director of Transportation (now Director of P ublic Services) in the provinces and cities under Executive O:rder No. 108, dated. N@vember 28, 1942, and to pay t he corresponding fees theref@t to the provincial or city t reas_UTer, as the case may be, excepting in t he City of Manila and the province of Rizal where applicatiOlils f or renewal shall be filed and payment made wit h the Bureau of Public Services. .

[42]


: , .. SEC. 2. Any license not renewed on nr befo'r e July 31st l)f each year shall become delinquent and invalid. SEC. 3. New applications for licenses to drive motor vehicles shall also¡ be filed with the Bureau of Public Services in the case of applicants in the City of 1'I:Ianila and in the province of Rizal, or with the office of the provincial or city engineer in other provinces or cities, and shall contain such infonnation with respect to the applicant's ability to operate mot or veh icles, as may be required by the Director of Public Services. SEC. 4. Any person who is n ot under 18 yea l'S of age and with normal sight and heal'in g may be issued a driver's license after passing t he requisite med ical examinat ion, and also a test to show his abili ty t o dr ive moto r . vehicles, his knowledge of t raffic la.ws, rules and reguiations amI the mechanical construction and opera tion of motor vehieles, given by the Director of Public Services or the previncial or city engineer for and on behalf of the Director of Public Services. The Director of Public Services or the corresponding provincial or city engineer may, in his discretion, require six months period of operation as a student, as a prerequisite to the approval of an application for a chauffeur's license. SEC. 5. An applicant with previous driving experience abroad or who presents a motor vehicle driver's license issued in a foreign country may, upon showing knowledge of local traffic laws, rules and regulations, 'iIi the discretion of the Director of Public Services or the provincial OF city engineer, as the ca.-se may be, also be granted a Philippine driver's license. SEC. 6. Each applicant for a professional driver's license shall present three (3) copies of a recent and recognizable photograph of said applicant, one-inch square in size, and a medical certificate on his normal sight and hearing issued by the Medical Officer of the Bureau of Public Services, or by any physician in the government service, or by any licensed medical practitioner approved by the Director of Public Services. SEC. 7. The Director of Public Services or the provincial or city engineer, as the case may be, may likewise issue student permits, good for six months, to any person [43]


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not under 18 years of age, who desires to learn to eperate motor vehi eles. A stuclent operator whe applies for a regular license but fails to prove his comIletency in the test shall centinue as a student for at least three additional months. No student permit shall authorize the person to whom the same is issued to operate a motor vehicle on any public highway, unless accompanied by a licensed person carrying a regular clriver's license for the current year. SEC. 8. The following fees shall be collected from drivers or applicants for drivers' l'icenses: (a) (b) (c) (d) (e)

For professio~al license (one year) . . f2.00 For non-professional license (one year) 2.00 For student's permit (six menths) . . . 1.00 For duplicate license or permit . . . . . 1.00 For change Qf status from non-professional to prof~ssional driver and ,v ice - 1.00 versa . . . . : . . . . . .. . . For renewal of delinquent license . . . . 5.00 ,

(f)

SEC. 9. Any perSON who operates a metor vehicle without the n ecessary license for the current year, or with an invalid license, may be punished by a fine not exceedin g Fifty (P50.00) Pe;:;os, or imprisonment for a per iod not exceedin g t hirty ( 30 ) days, or both fine and imprisonment, in the di scretion Qf tl:le court. SEC. 10. T he p ro\'isions of the Revised Motor Veh icle La, ..- an d oth er laws and orders r elating t @ motor vehicle dr iver s' license~ whi ch are n ot. in conflic t her ewith sh all continue t o be in f orce. provi ded t hat they aTe not inconsistE¡!1i. \vii.1:. -the prese nt cir cumstances undel' t he Milit.a. ry Admillistration. SEC. 11. T he effectivi ty of t his Execu t ive Order sha ll be from May 1, 1943, in t h e Cities of Manila, Baguio, Cavit e, and San P ablo, and in t he Provinces of Bat an gas, Bataan, Bulacan, Cavite, Ilocos Norte, Ilocos Sur, Laguna, La Union , the Mountain Province, Nueva Eci9a, P ampan ga, N ueva Vizcaya , P a ngasinan, Rizal, Tarlac, Tayabas, Zambales, Cagayan, I sabela, Abra, Albay, Sorsogon, Camarines Norte, Camarines Sur, and Masbate. In other Cities aNd Provinces, the clate of effectivity [44]


shall be determiJi.ed by the Directo r of the Branch Offi ce of the Japane se Militar y Admin istratio n concern ed. SEC. 12. Execut ive Order No. 63, dated .July 16, 1942, shall be r escinde d 0::' the date of effecti vity of this Order. Done in the City of }Ianila , Philipp ines, this 8th day of April, 194:3.

(Sg d. ) JORGE B. VARGAS of th " E :cecuti-re C Olnmiss ;·(Jj~

Cha1:ni ;((I ~

,JapLlneSe :;,i iijt,i ry en _~pi~il 8, 1'J43 .

~ '.:..d~·:1 ~ ~~ist :·:1ti o n

EXEC UTIVE ORD:2:R :\"0 . 146 EXTEN IHNG THE DATE OF EFFEC TIVIT Y OF EXECU T IVE ORDE R NO. 140, DATED MARC H 24, 1943 Pursua nt to the author ity conferr ed upon me as Head of the Centra l Admin istrativ e Organi zation by Order No.1 in connec tion with Order No.3 of the Commander -in-Chi ef of the Imperi al Japane se Forces in the Philipp ines, the date of effecti vity of Execut ive Order No. 140: imposi ng percen tage taxes on keeper s of hotels, lodging houses, restaur ants, cafes, refresh ment parlors , roof garden s, night clubs, bars, grills, and on proprietors, promot ers, lessees , or operato rs of theater s, cinematogr aphs, concer t halls, circuse s, boxing or wrestli ng exhibit ions, cabaret s, race tracks, cockpit s, Jai-Ala i, and other places of amusem ent, is, upon the recommenda tion of the Execut ive Commi ssion, hereby extended to May 1. 1943. The percen tage taxes due under the provisi ons of the Nation al Interna l Revenu e Code on· gross receipt s during the month of April. 1943, of proprie tors. promoters . lessees, or operato rs of theater s. cinema tograph s, concer t halls. circuse s. boxing or wrestli ng exhibit ions. eabaret s. race tracks. cockpit s, Jai-Ala i and similar places of amusem ent shall be paid on or before May 20. 1943. [45]

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Done in the City of Manila, Philippines, t his 16th day of April, 1943. ( Sgd.) JORGE B. VARGAS ChaiTman of the E x ecu tive Com,mission ApPROVED by the Commander-in-Chief of the Imperial . Japanese Forces in the Philippines on April 16, 1943. EXECUTIVE ORDER NO. 147 AMENDING PARAGRAPH 26, ARTICLE V OF E XECUTIVE ORDER NO. 29, DAT ED A PRIL liS; 1942, SO AS TO INCLUDE IN THE ENUMERATION THEREIN OF COMMISSIONED PERSONNEL THE GRADE OF SUB ~I N SPECTORS. Pursuant to t he ' authority CONferred UPO'N me -as Head of the Central Administrative Organization by Order No. 1 in eonneetion with Order No. 3 of the C(!Jmmander-in-Chief of the Imperi al J apanese Forces in the Philippines, and upon the r ecommendation of t he E xecutive Commission, para graph 26, Article V of Execut ive Order No. 29 dated April 8, 1942, is h ereby amen ded t o read as follows : "26. The commissioned personnel shall be known and designated as filrst class inspectors, sec@n Cil class i nspectors, third class inspectors, f ou:·th class i!1spectol's, fifth class inspectors, and sub-in s:pec.ton;," Done jn the Ci.ty of :'-1.s.n iia, Ph:!} ~l)i Ee ::, ·\. l~>: 1 ~~- ~ day of April, 194.3. Sg·:: _! JQ:~G E B. \ -Al:G1!..S Cha iT'J?7nn ("T th.e E· .·~·ecutirvf L~ () i, _ ij .( .].3~I.Jil

ApPROVED by the Director GeneTal of the Japanese' Military Administr ation on April 19, 1943. EXECUTIVE ORDE R NO. 14£ TRANSFERRING CERTA1N DUTIES RE1.ATING TO [46]

FUNCTIONS IRRIGATION

AND AND


DRAINAGE SYSTEMS, HERETOFORE PERFORMED BY THE-BUREAU OF PUBLIC WORK$, DEPARTMENT OF PUBLIC WORKS AND COMMUNICATIONS, TO THE BUREAU OF AGRICULTURAL ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE AND COMMERCE. Pursuant to the authority conferred upon me as Head of the Central Administrative Organization by Order No. 1 in connection with Order No. 3 of the Commander-in-Chief of the Imperial Japanese Forces in the Philippines and in connection with Instruction No. 21, dated ..February 15, 1943, of t he Director General of the Military Administration, it is h er eby ordered, upon the recommendation of the Execut ive Commission. t hatSECTION 1. In -order to undertake consistent ly t l: 2 development of irrigation and drainage systems in conformity with the national plan of agricultural development, the intensification and diversification of crops within irrigated areas, and the promotion of the greatest use of water to crop production, the functions and duties pertaining to the making of needful prelimina r y investigations, plans, specifications, and estima tes f or the construction or repair of irrigation and draina ge systems, the letting of contracts therefor, and supervision over their construction, maintenance and operation heretofore performed by the Bureau of Public Works, Department of Public Works and Communications, are transferred to, and shall hereafter be performed by, the Bureau of Agricultural Administration, Department of Agriculture and Commerce: Provided, however, That all matters concerning irrigation and drainage - and all establishments, etc. necessary therefor, directly related to waterways shall be handled with the consent of the¡ Bureau of Public Works an.d that when considered necessary by the Bureau of Public Works all repair or construction work for the abeve-mentioned purposes may be undertaken by said Bureau: Provided, further, That the functions and duties pertaining to the hydrographic survey and water rights shall remain in the Bureau of Public Works. SEC. 2. The appropriations, personnel, equipment, materials, records and other properties pertaining to

[47J

1 i

]


an d used by the Bureau of Public Works Jor the fu'lilctions sought to be transferred in this Oreer or so much thereof as may be considered necessary, shall be transferred to, or merged with the appropriations, personnel, records and properties pertaining to the Bureau of Agricultural Administration, DeJ)lartment of Agriculture and Commerce, to be used for the same purpose or purposes for which they were originally intended. The transfer of funds, personnel, equipment, materials, records and properties authorized in this Order shall be made by the Commissioner of Agriculture and Commerce, the Commissioner of Public Works and Communications, and the Auditor General and Director of the Budget. SEC. 3. Section 28 of Article V and Section 47 of Ar ticle VII of Executive Order No.4, dated February 5, 1942, are hereby amended accordingly. Done in the City of Manila, Fhilir>piBes, this 22nd day of April, 1943. (Sgd.) JORGE B. VARGAS Chairman of the Executive Commission ApPROVED by the Director General of the Japanese l\1ili!tary Administration on April 22, 1943. EXECUTIVE ORDER NO. 149 n~C REAsrN G

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THE PERCENTAGE OF THE SllARE O:P TEE CEJ\'"TRAL AD::\IINISTRATIVE ORGANIZATIOK O:!\ THE TOTA L """lAGER FUNDS OR GT!,G SS F::SCEIPTS FROl\I THE SALE OF BET:-=;'~G TlCESTS IN H ORSE RACES AND JAI.-\LAI . THE PRO CEEDS OF SUCH SHARE TO BE TlIAD E AVAILABLE FOR PUBLICITY, P ACIFICATION, HEALTH, RELIEF, CHARITABLE AND OTH ER CIVIC PURPOSES, AS WELL AS FOR THE DEVELOPMENT AND IMPROVEMENT OF T.HE EQUINE INDUSTRY AND FOR THE SUPERI ION OF GAMING CENTERS AND PLACES OF AM USEMENT, AND AMENDING FOR SUCH FURP OSES THE PROVISIONS OF SECTIONS 34, 43; [48]


-

6-8 AND 75 OF EXECUTIVE DATED SEPTEMBER 27, 1942.

ORDER NO. 95,

Pursuant to the authority conferred upon me as Head of the Central Administrative Organization byOrder No.1 and Instructi0n No. 46 dated April 26, 1943, in connection with Order No.3 of the Commander-inChief of the Imperial Japanese Forces in the Philippines, and upon the r ecommendatioN of the Executive Commission, it is hereby ordered that-SECTION 1. Section 34 of E xecutive Order No. 95 is her eby amended to l" e~d as f oli o'.'.-s: "Sec. :3-1. T o t-I/-izato!' '!'fet :- p fs 0,- ~c[(ge)" f~ ' n ds .: how ciist?'iint etl.-The tot.:":! wagel' iunds or gross receip t" fr o c11 the s21e or [oU,iiza J:ol" ticket~ .shall be apportio ned as fol1 o\¡vs: eigh~y p-er centum (80 %) shall be dist ributed in the form of di-¡. - iden ds among holders of win, place and show horses, as the case may be, in the regular rac es ; t welve pel' centum (12 %) shall be set aside as the commission of the pet'son, racing club, or entity conducting the races, which shall include the amounts for the payment of autllorized stakes or prizes for win, place and show horses, and authorized bonuses for jockeys, and eight per centum (8%) shall be paid to the Central Administrative Organization for disposition in accordance with the provisions of Section . 75 of this Order; and in the case of daily-double races, the gross receipts derived from the total sale of daily-double tickets shall be apportioned in the . sam~ manner as provided hereinabove, except that the ~ ~ighty per centum (80 %) of the gross receipts from tlle total sale of daily-double tickets shall be distributed in the form of dividends among the holders of the winning combination of horses, that is, the two horses that won first place in the two races, instead of among holders of win, place anc;l show horses, as in the case of regular races." SEC. 2. Section 43 of Executive Order No. 95 is .hereby amended to read as fellows: "Sec, 43. D i stributi on of wager funds.-The total wager funds or gross receipts from the sale [49J


.I,

of bettiJilg tickets shal,} be apportioned as foI.lows: a commission not exceeding ten per centum (H)%) on the tqtal bets on each game or event shall be set aside for the person or entity operating the fronton and ten per centum (10%) of such bets shall be paid to the Central Administrative Organization for disposition iJil aCG!0xdance with the !p1lOvisions of Section 75 of 1;;his Order; and the balance of eighty per centum (80%) of the total bets shall be distributed in the form of dividends among holders of 'win' or 'place' numbers or holders of the winning combination of grouping of numbers, as the case may be."

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SEC. 3. The second paragraph of Section 68 of Executive Order No. 95 is hereby amended to read as follows: "Sec. 68. '* * * "Any promoter -or entity conducting a boxing or wrestling contest or eiXhibition shall set aside from the gross receipts derived from admission tickets on each day of business, one per centum (1 % ) of said tot al gross receipts, which shall be turn ed over t o th e Central AdJililinistrative Organization withib the period (!Jf t wo days from the elate of t he boxing or ,nestling contest or exhibition for dis position in accordance with the provisions of Section 75 of this Order." SEC. 4. Section 75 of E xecutiye Order N0. 95 is hereby 2nlellded to read as follows: -'Se<::. 75 . D isposi t-;on of the shaTCS -ef the Ce;-: t7'aL A.d ii1 -ini ~ i; c.r;i re O, -gr,-11-i,zQtion _-The shares

of the CentnJ _.l.clministrati,,-e Organization f r om t he t otal wager f un ds or gr oss r eGeipt s from the sale of bet t in g t ickets in ho:r se races and basque pelota games, as pr ovided in Sections 34 amI 43 h ereof, and f rom t he t otal gros s receipts derived from the sale of admission tickets in boxing or wrestling cont ests or exhibitions, as provided in SectioJil 6~ hereof, shaM accrue to the general fund and shall be avai lable for expen@iture for publicity, pacification, health, relief, charitable and other civic [50]


..â&#x20AC;˘,',

purposes, as well as for the development and improvement of the equine industry and-for the supervision of gaming centers and places of amusement, as may be authorized by the Chairman of the Execut ive Commission, upon the recommendation of the Commissioner of the Interior and the Commissioner of Education, Health, and Public Welfare: Pro'L>ided, however, That the amount to be made available for the payment of the salaries and expenses of the pel'sonnel of the Department of the Interior as si gned to duties relating to the supervision of gaming centel'':; and place:; of amusement, including t h e purchase of necessary equipment and other sundl'Y expenses, shall not exceed an amount equivale1t to one-half of one per centum of the total wager f unds or gross receipts from the sale of betting t icket s in horse races and basque pelota games, and to one per centum of the total gross receipts derived from the sale of admission tickets in boxing or wrestlin g contests or exhibitions," SEC,

5,

This Order shall take effect oil May 1,

1943, Done in the City of Manila, Philippines, this 26th day of April, 1943, (Sgd,) JORGE B. VARGAS of the Executive Commission

Cha~rman

ApPROVED by¡ the Commander-in-Chief of the Imperial Japanese Forces in the Philippines on April 26, 1943. -

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EMBLEM OF NEW P H I L IPPINES: A syrnbol of Ne_ w Ph'ilippines could be found in the bound l ess varieties of :mQtions of a. cloth carp on May 5, ichich you will ofte1~ see floati ng i:n the skies in Japan.

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THE OFFICIAL- JOURNAL OF TIlE

JAPANESE MILITARY ADMINISTRATION

Volume 12

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TIlE JAPANESE MILITARY ADMlNlSTRAnON I

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few" ~o~ds-'t6 ''Y~~). here as H i ghest Commander of ' tl:~ ~ pp.",uoo~ .. Army in ~~~ J~~ilipp.i!lej~ su£.~e<!rn.w, Sizuiti T anah. "

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military 9perations in die F'hilippi.nes ,were ~omple1edl--o.t MaY'7; '; 942'.' after 'the fall ,Of t orregfdoioq and the subsequent' un~onditiona'l~~rit.fendef·'of lall_tli~ Usaf'fe. One year J.las elapsed &in~e . theD-aDlL Lam7 ~eeply gr, tified to note t~~ ~e, ~\!,~~~atio~'~;;'d ~i~i~~~, hon wrought ,by the-"- :-.yar are': gradually... mlfig re-_ pai.re~~ ...·a~p -ira~ .;t,h ~ c~?..d~t!~'t[ of , ?f.a0i . a~n<k o~~~JJ., in' this , I~~d seems to -me.!: generally ~ satisractot:y' ex-

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still hidink in r.emote mountain fasfuesses. I am , al.$o', pleas~ t~ ackn~w.ledge that th.i,s ,~~,pp~Jes~lt w~s n!l.-, doubt dUf to the energetie joint" effortS exeited 'hY 4 the army i<tnd civilians as '~:JI ,-aA t~Je ~tnc1!'~ J?!"e ,t?.) ' be able to · witness in the tdfute a more brdliant achievem+ t as a result of,' your increasM " eff~rt - iiiitfY collaboratIOn. I

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While the Philippine campaign was still if) prog1'.ess... Premier General Hideki ' TOzY6,"' ~';Je"'" ~h" imp ortaffl • public pledge concerhj ng,,!he, JUtt1r~ i~ckp~.!ldellii~ 01, BUmla and the Philippines. - last January. one year " later. Premier Tozyo solemnI~' '~eaf~{imeCl ' tl1is " pledg~ ' in- an address before- the, _81.st s<~J?o/ ~t ~e~ )_mpe:: ! rial Diet. Finally. the Premier himself recenfly made a fIyjng :viSit to!~fhe :Philipp ines.; ih :spitefo£' -tb.!! heavy<I press~re- of his offieiaI duties at . home. in '"'forder to " ;- - tt:oI' J4 • ---=:'..( . ........ . reit~rate the same pledge in~ -p~J:soh "lind f'Q' gi4e tHe . -FilipinQ {1~2,ple _tIre p~Il!!f~b ~Lhi,s:, V\l,IlFIll., B~~o~a:l.. en;-'! >- couragement;:- I J!ica~tili. hope -diat the' Filipino people ~ '. -will continu e ' to_ worl( ;;houldJr 'f6;.r:;holilttr W1tW4:I1tl" ~!'

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Resolution .una nimously approved by the Filipino people formal'ly assembled at the Luneta in the City of Manila on the' occasion 'of the personal visit of Premier 9-eneral ~ideki Tozyo ., . ~ . . :" xx~iii Speech of Minister Aoki at. a , Luncheon . .. :- . ..... _ :: xxx SECTION I-AffaM~8 cO'llcemi ng ' Departll~ent of the , " •

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Kam:ei (N~. 15), Pi'~sc;i1:)i~g fhe quaiifi'cation' for- . T~~c)1e~s or: ' NiPPOJ;lgo;, ; : •.'", .. ,.'. , . . .. '" .... '.._', ::-:: Kam'ei O-ici. 16) Concerni,rig , the . qualification ., ,,' : cOmlnittee ' fo~ Teac'h er s ' of NipilODgO ,,, ... ";'''!' '; : ,,:, ~~ 6 Notifi'catt~n , (NQ. 5) . ,Con.c~rnip.g ~he Nippon~o . ,_ .. '. Teacher 's quaii~ic'atioii examination . . '..,' .... ~l." . :! ':~. ~ ~,; :! .;'" '7 •. .: -,.,, : :. ' . : ' l; "': : . •: ': : ".. : • -; :. -: ." ~ - .. ; ; SECTION I1--:-Affairs, , ,~.~1}ferf!.j.,,!-g ' DepfJ-rtm~nt O" w'ir~. F i n a11,Ce ;

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Seirei (No.9) . 01-'-d~" p~oMbiting the s~le ·' on.,::;:£'') traJ;ls~e~ ~f. e1fe:~.:r .p!:op~r1.~es",' ,~" . '.' n:~ . : ' 1<' Y>;: • ,.,;:!1 SECTION . ! I1-Atf~i,f?" , ; C O ~1 cemi1lgr <-D ep.artment-~ 01. ,L1 " :

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, " Military . Admi,n istr.atlon',: NotifieaJti6il" (No; ~ 4"~ ,,", : U Con~rping : t }J.e:.kip$i.s:.P! cP:tt~; ~mo;dities. :'... ;.., !! ~ ' r.! it2 Military •.,A9p:li.IDS.tr~ji.QA. ~. Ji)idj,I).an~J' (No,;: ,12}-;"h,(,t Regulation p!o):liJ>itipg··'': JD.Q~eIJ}.~~: oft-:-,cQttoon; ~"'!: and.. rfl·~oQ ;:1f1ap.~c:tu,r~ ,~~,pd~ , aFq. , cott~ J:I>~~ ; " :!'H$ d ray:o.n . t.~?'l'4!-..~· : 7 ·~ ..t. ~~!!~~ · ~ .:9;:~1~'-: ·;"!: !,;~ :'r .=~ . ~!· ~ I'\ .'7'.:~.)."{:._t 12 ~' Mili ~aTY : " A~.Q:l~ni~tI:~ ti9H-: , :.g~:4.iRan5e ! d oN 9:1 : 14) fr] . I ProcJ.amat.i~n, ,. F?nc_eril-:~ ;,ab!p~Wp~- ' t~:, ~P.-1 ~~. > :-, .

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trol of profiteermg . . .. . ..... ' ...... . ... ,. '.,';~', ! ! ~ 13 Concer~!~¥ }~~~!?~ ,~i<?~,~i. ~.Y,~t~p:t_ ~ ~o,r , ~(itt~p ~ ,:~~, .A and;,.1:~y:?n , ~ex~ll~ "l!nq , cottP!l a:n~ r,ay.o n m,;;tn-,~~< ~ ufactul'Eid ' goods .. ', ; . . ,.. ". '.. ' :,:. ; , . ,!:.':; :," ,_. : ~ "' ,"l: 13 List of maximum " prices of cotton 'a,i ld . raYon./ ' · " : ext! le and' c'otto,n ' and i-'a yori: ril~m,~fa,~;~r~d --r-;.,!.-:,r'A 50 0U S • . •• . .. . .. , • . .• . , • • , •• , . • . "'-" ' .' , : •• ' ,' , • " 14 Basis for counti ng points .. . , . . . , .. . :'. . , , ' . , . . '. . ' ~c~, 23

SECT I O;\l

r \T- A f!a i r s con cernin g E J.'ecll ti ve Com,mi ssion ,

t he PhilipP'ine-

E xecutive Or ders Nos, 150 to i 52, ii54 to 164 --:-; !. 25 E x ecuti ve Order (No, 156) Amending certain Section s of E xecutive Order No. 109 dated Decen1ber 4, 1942, so -as to authorize tlie ~~ tablishment of a Junior Kalibapi and the ap- '.-, poin t ment of an' -:Assist"ant Director,General ' . a nd four Di rectors,at,large .. . . . , ., . . ,.,., . .. Executi ve Order (No, 157)· On price control of commodities , .- . . " . . " ... :.~ , ... , ' . . , , . , .. ' , . . ' ! 35

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always hearing 'in mini:! that such 'cooperation is , the only sure guarantee of their. future ·prosperi.ty and happiness. and the ' only -hteims whereby . a reco~stru~ted - Ph'i lippines can ultimately. he~b~e . a wor..thy a~d powerful -member of the Greater East .Asia . Co-Prosperity Sphere. ., _ ' <.~ ~,. ' . Today, the 'ja;anest Emp-ir~ -'is' del eimiriedly fighting this Holy Wa; in ..the vast expanse of the Asiatic Continent and the Pacific in order to eradicate.--once and for all. the Anglo-Americans. This unprecedentedIy tremendous struggle will never cease until . the Ari-":· glo-American p(jwer has been completely crushed and' destroyed. , The ' hrilliant wat: result~ · achieved by the --Impe-' rial Jap~nes~ Forces duripg the las t eighteen months' have placed us to.day in a strategi1caTIy invulnerable po.sitio.n. From this adv.alltageous po.sitio.n. we are r.eady to. carry the war \0. a ' 4ecision. as cert~in as ever that the ubimate victo.ry will lIefinitely he o.urs. · It is a well known' fact ~hat o.ne . ~f th~, ~ttempts o.J the enemy to. undertake a counter-I'ffensive this year was co.mpletely frustrated ,by o.ur ever-alert and invincible f~rces an the ' Ind,o.-B~lme~e tQrder in the early part o.f thiS Ye.a,r. __-: ,. ,~(. = . ' ,_ _

Befo.re concluding this h~ief mess ge, 'I wish to. emphasize the undeniahle f;ct that Japan to.day firmly contro.ls the iniHativ~ P'o.sitions 'in, ~II the ' vital fro.nts o.f the Greater East' Asi~' War;: ana that it is to the best in.terests o.f the ' "Filipino people to. u;ite. witho.ut ·hesitatio.n. their effo.rts with o.d rs in o'r der to ac- complish the task that reinains befdre us. . ' I ' I am happy to. have had this o.pportunity to say a few wo.rds regarding my tmpressio.r s and innermo.st - co.nvictions. and to. reiterate the 'u Tshakable determi- - -- - --na~ion of ,be Jap.an.e.s..e....E mgire to. ~~cute.J.his Holy War until ! o.ur Anglo.-American enemies have been • totaIIy cru~hed, never again to. tHreaten with -their lust f~r power t~e 'peace, happiness] and pro.sperity o.f the peo.pleS of Greater East AsIa."

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INSTRUCTIONS DELIVERED BY HIS ~XCEL­ LENCY, THE HIGHEST COMMAND~R OF _ THE IMPERIAL JAPANESE ARMY. ON TH:g FIRST ANNIVHRSARY OF THE FALl!. OF CORREGIDOR AND PEACE AND ORDER DAY, AT LUNETA, MAr 7. 18th YEAR OF SHOW-A- - -----1I- - - - - - - - l

celeb;:;~~he

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Today we are first ary or the great historical event of the Fall of- Corregidor. This day marks a momentous date in PhilipJine history because it stands for the end of the 40 oJId years of American domination and the birthday of the New Philippines. _ In every barrio. municipality. ~nd city'-thru-out the country. 18 million Filipinos are united as one. in celebrating this great day with jubilation _ and thanksgiving for their happy deliverance from the , age-long ten! acles of Western imperialism. R~~)fese!lt­ _ ing the Imperial Japanese Army and Navy -stationed ; I in the Philippines. I wish- to oHer to the peoPly of the New Philippines. my sincere and heartfelt felioitations on this happy and momentoUs day. \. Today in East Asia. the one billion peoplel of tile Orient have solemnly pledged to prosecute thi~ sacred War of liberation to a victorious finish because they are firmly convinced that only in the suceessflu \ I outcome of this War against Anglo-Amelliean ,p owers rests the future destiny and promise of peace a~d prosperity for them ..and their posterity. The Japan~se ­ Empire is steadfastly pursuing its destined course of fighting this \Var to a victorious finish. as the logical leaders of Oriental peoples. and today in all the major theatres of war. the invineible armed forczes of Japan have scored victory after victory on land. · sea. and in the air and at present. not only is every- enemy strategic stronghold occupied and defended by the intrepid forces of the Japanese Empire. but . the ~ilitary. economic. and spirifual unity and concert amC:;-ng member nations and people of the Co-Prosperity Sphere. are daily being cemented closer and closer together

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and the work of consolidation and pooling of resources. bo th material and spiritual. is being has ten e d so that they and fheir posterity wiIl never a gain suffe r the ignominy of slavery and vassalage to Ang lo-Ame rican powers_ To all of us in the E a st. the F a ll o f C o rre gidor is significant because it represents th e- fi na l expulsion and decisive uprooting of An glo -Ame ri can power and influence from the sacre d soi l of the Orie nt. For the Philippines. this day is sig n ifica n tI,· a day of great rejoicing b eca u se it m a rks th e fi rst progces,h-e stage i Fl yo ur m a rch to"•.-ard5 ~ h e qo? I ~) ; fn r.{ :"·~) I,::!~ 0eGl':: _ '(our c omple te i,i beration from .-\jnerL':;'Ir~ jnth,ence d!l:_~ domin a ti o n in p olitica l. eCO)1.0nl!C. and ::5p f.i"ilUCl~ ~X;5f en ce could n e ve r hav e hee n CicCOln"iist..,d 5') d .. ) raughly o~ so speedily except by the 'a rm ed inte rven tion of the Japanese Empire. This is th e basic rea son for the sincere and over-whelming jubilation permeating thruout the Philippines today and th e bas is of the increasing understanding and collaborati o n b e tween and among the Japanese and Filipino s i n p ur suit of their common cause_ Viewed in this light. it is more than opportune. that this memorable day has been set aside officially as Peace and Order Day_ There can be no doubt that the existence of disorder in outlying districts of this country. perpetrated at the hands of misguided Filipiri.os. constitute one of the. if not the greatest. obstacles to the early attainment of Philippine independence so clearly and unmistakably proclaimed ~nd reiterated by Jal?an. The establishment of Peace and Order Day is a significant proof of the growing desire of Filipino leaders and people to assume the initiative and the greater part of this burden of establishing and -maintaining peace and order a~ong Filipino people upon the initiative and enterprise of Filipinos themselves. The Philippines have just been honored by the visit of His Excellency. Premier General Hideki T ozyo. It is a matter of great jubilation to all of us in the Imperial Japanese Army and Navy. who sincerely

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love th e Filipino p eop le and are cons tantly worldng, night and day, gladly givil~g up Olir lives for the early aHainm e nt of Philippine Lndepe ndence t-hat His Excellen.cy, th e Premie r, has been pleased to give high . recognition to the sincerity and inte.nsity of the grow- . ing tangible evidences of cooperation on the part of the Filipinos for the cause of Japanese victory. His Excellency, the Premier, is convinced, mo~e than ever before, by this personal visit or his. on the' propriety of granting you independence at the earliest opportunity as is cl ea rly evidenced by his o\\'n words ex~ pressed from bhis very pla~fon'!.l.

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Taking ad\' antage of this doubly significant ' day, c omm e morati ~ g the F a ll of Corregidor and the institu'". tion of P ea ce and Order Day, I 'wish to <rail upon eve ry m emb er of th e 18 million Filipino ' people to draw d eep inspiration in bhe solemn realilZal'ion that the glorious day of independence of the Philippin'es can be accelerated by that much sooner only if every one ' of you. without one single exception, e~mes to ' realize for yours elf, the true intentions of- Japan ' and th e si n ce re d es ire and d eep concern of its people, in r1 e ea rl y a ttainment o f your indepe nde nce. The lm- . /./I. p eria [ J api)l1 CSe Fo rces \\'ill coni'inue to assist and i' gu ide yeu toward yo ur ch eri sh ed goal b ecause it is our respo nsibil ity a s yo ur elder broth ers and it is only required that a ll of you redouble your efforts and oPfer us d o,er co operation in aoco m plrsh i ng the sacred i trus t I f: ~! to ':o u by your h allow ed an~s t o rs.

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INSTRUCTIONS GIVEN BY THE DlRECTORGENERAL OF THE JAPANESE MILITARY AD~Il;:Y]STRATl ON DURING THE OPENIN G EXERC15 ES OF THE PREPARATORY INSTITUTE OF GOV ERNMENT SCHOLARS TO JAPAN HELD IN ~lA.LACAs--\,\r. [\'!A Y 11 , 181h YE~R

OF

SHOWA n~p"ort unit y

to ,~i..I;In ' :=: :- :. :c:' .(,1'(;; DC' ' U'Et:' '.:r i ion !.c ~:;:; I~1.· -:cr:~i::Q seu( ':';~~:- . ~ . ~e ?:':::p2.ral c :-: ' ~ (J~t~ft!le {or C'ov ·~!· nr:~c-nr

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The \\ 'ar of Greater E ast f\ sip. . as is fu il", kn own by all of yo u . is f:. r:i~g \\'age d for d: e gre a t ,,~d noble objective. of exp elli n g rro.m~lle ~ac:red soli ef Greater~ East AS ia . aM th", m<J,-r(,1a nt mlluences o f AngloAm erican i m per.i a ji;r~nd to establish. firml y in its stea d . the foundation s of p erma n ent a n d lasting peace ' a.nd presperity tlh ough the joi nt efforts and close collaboration of Orie Hta l p e·o ples. For the successful attainment of this ultimate objective. it is impera- , live therefore. that.. all the peoples of E!ist Asia come to a deep understanding of -the true meaning of the. term "mutual prosperity,," and, under the leadership' of Japan, join h a nds and work in close ' ~nison ,,'lith each otheF for' th e speedy establishment of that sph'ere wherein each people is assured its rightful role under t.he sun. The' Imperi'a r Japanese Government, in close keeping wiih this fundamental principle, has instHuted the benignant policy of selecting worthy and promising young men fro~ the various regi'o ns of the South and to educate them in Japan as Gove~nment Scholars. At the expeme of the Imperial Japanese Gov-" emment. th ese schola rs wiIi study in j apan where' they wiiI acquire not only the most advanced intdlectual and scientifi c knowledge and technique but also ~he princifill<:s underlyin g the sp:ritua! greatness of J apan, In th is m a nner they will b ecome lrue ex-

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p~neI1ts and proud possessors of the Spirit of the E ast which will he essential to them not only as future leaders of their native countries bUf. in conjunction with the you th of other lands. as the real ' huilders and masters of the destiny of the Creat East Asia Co-Prosperity Sphere. This Preparatory Institute was established for the purpose of carrying out here in the Philippines this fundamental policy of the Imperial Japanese Gov ernment. It has been en trusted with the heavy responsihility of selecting- and preparing the most promising young men of the New Philippines as Government Scholars to Japan. You who have heen enrolled in this Institute w ere selected from among sev~ral th ousands of young m en of the Philippines. You were accepted in this Institute because you possessed the physical. intellectual. and moral characteristics represent-a tive of the hest that is to he found among the younger gen eratio n of Filipinos. You may. th erefore. Jil rop erly feel proud of yourselves in havin g 6I1 tered this I,n stitu te. At the same tim e. h oweve r. it is hi gh ly essenti al to the good of your country a nd vou rselves that Y OU deeply realize the trem endous 'respo n sibility th a t weighs upon your shoulders as the fu tu re builde rs of the New Phillppines.

It is. there fo re. m: affcdion ak addcc te· th a t you study and i.mprove yours~h'es tr

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o f your capacity a nd. c.oo'·c till eh ~. t:H!t :"01.1 Qt:. every thin g in Y OUT p ow er. to Ii"!:' u p a t ali lime;; to the great honor and prestige Ihat a re inherently yours as representatives of o ue of tl,c great p eoples of the East.

May t t. 18th Year of Showa.

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I wish to address· .a few- .words of ,instruction "",tid adYice to the former officers a~d men ~f'the 'usAFFE who hav€ just tal..·e n their oath -of .aUegi<itice -'ih~ my . presence. -

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All . of . ¥o.u . ~h!>-, ,h~v~.; .s~fwn~.'..tm. e~, ~!W~L of. alleg~«;(Jp · If:ht!; ;I Inw~.,JapM1~~ ,lf~r~ !j.~e 'herewith ,granted the ~.statw ..Qr,. ~ro~"iIUUlJ,.,~...A~"~ "!w.a" ;n;t~d ~~ . ."- ~'d · ilar ~~~~tki .,.. ~~~ " !PF~f _}L ~, •. r . ' L ~)~_.,. , ~ · 'fir~.o~er or.1V~'" fRl'Il!~~, ;y~:)Yes;,~1]J:.l!~ ~ep}­ he~~. " . ~e. yS~; . al;lp .~w,~~~ ! qt~F#Y. ~vdY toqk up ; ~~ ~aipSf :t~~ !mPeri{tJ.,JaRtlne.s£.. ¥.~. , Qrd~~Jr. ~71ef?Jf;•• Yr~~~j~~to ~v~r ~~~-

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.me~~ ,undt;!.; .JI?e·-;ffi.~}!,~~.,;eP. ,.;~~1?' te ",~j£m1l­ :.t~~pa~ ~w ~1)u~~fG.JQe.;~t Ihf·~~o~Ne ~;~'I corded this magnanimous act 0 ·gr~9IHL~()~ !~SJp,W

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rele'a se is UDprecedentedand ~thoui: parallel .ip. the ; 'alinals 'hf:<iaodehi' :wlt'tfatl!:' t<-~ ge~rosit9"fo ..fohner ,filipino COnibatan~: · fi doe l:-enmMy' t6>'lbe rm:iiitnaiirmity of ;t&e' ·!Iniperia:ll,}apa.be~e.{'FotceS- ~ 'lhe<i Plnlij,. pines 'Which is '8.cting in <strict ~:icc~rtlaiicet. rWith · 'fhe basic n~ti~Ii.ill polict of 'fh~ "impenal Jai;anese;Q'v. "erhment which cousiders ~nly:..the · ~eiicahJJ-'as en'k. · mies and looks upon th~ . FiliPinos ilSc;frieil(tl~8nd ;g~. thers and not as hostile foes: ,"Thos'e" Jf' You nt.-ho' have just rec~ived your release "should pr~perly consider Jthis treatment -no~ kirig 'ac~orde~' to you' in its ~e light of a special act of generosity $mll!laJing_from _tnle..lma.g"-~..J---'---'-..:....z;t. nanimous spirit of the Japanese nation and not as a privilege or right inherently belonging 'to you under the principles of international law. . . The Philippines at the present moment is in a posi·-

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, tion ~hich is quite op;osite to what · you faced, ~t , the time you took up !inns against Japan. On January 2 t of .last yea~ and again on January 28 of this year the Imperial Japanese Government enunciated t~ the entire world its basic poliey of granting independence to the Philippines should the Filipinos come t-- - - c -__I _ _lo--Yl)derstand the:-true intentions of the Japanese nation in- w-;'gi;g the War of Greater East Asia and c~perate actively in ' the establishment of the Co· ; Prosperity Sphere 0'( Oriental people. _ . . _ .. - : '. , -More recently. this'. basic and unchanging policy was clearly and unmistakably reiterated _for the third time by flO less a , personage than His EXcellency, the : Premier , of; Japan himself. when he Personally ap' ~ before' the' PeopIe-" of the Philippines at their -, MasS<Thimlcsgiving" Meeting' here in' Manila. The ' independence of the Philippines l'\-hich has for ages , been ' tlie' national lUIlbitiori oLaD patriotic Filipinos , is 'to4ay Within the reach , of the- pr~ent generation 0( _ , Filipfnof. It oplY remairis for"them to exert them, ~Ives- all the more'· and win this ' great honor" and , prestige ,I>y showing further tangible evidences of co: operation witli. Japan thm greater action and more l accomplishments. ' .'-.' , '

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.- _~' The ti~e is most opportune for the establishment of..: , -the New and Independent Philippines;- You who , "ave been born in this generation should feel fortu_-nate and proud that historr has placed upon your shoulders the responsibility and privilege of making the centuries-old dream Qf your ancestors come Arue , , This golden opportUnity will never come agai!'. and - it therefore behooves all of you to exert your u tmos ' efforts now and thru more initiatives and greater . enterprise resolutely Jorge ahead towards your naUonal goal.

"I ha~e previo~ly indicated to, all enlightened Filipi~os the three cardinal ~equirements for the early attainment of Philippine independence. They are first, complete and immediate restoration of peace and or-


der thru the initiative and at the hands of the Filipinos themselves ; second. the speedy establishment of an economic order. based on self-sufficiency. and obtained thru a drastic revision of the old economic structure; and third. the thorogoing spiritual reorientation of the Filipino people and their complete and enthusiastic return to the Oriental fold. As true sOnS of the Philippines I consider it your riuty a nd responsibility to set examples to your coun,':",en by fulfi ll ing your individual duties. hand in ' !(;!!(! vit h your te llo,,, countrymen. in the surging ',,;; reh 'owards th e speedy attainment of -these three c~r. ll1 TC m ents . Yo ur sw earing of oath should not be considered an empty formality; it can have full significance and effect only if the spirit of that oath is put into actual practice thru conscientious efforts and energetic enterprise and initiative.

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My sincere admonition to you. therefore. is that you consider seriously the deep signiÂŁicance and true meaning of my words to you and pledge yourselves. heart and soul. to become the foundation stones upon which this most stupendous and transcendental event of the 20th century. namely. ' the establishment of the Greater East Asia Co-Prosperity Sphere and the creation of the independent Philippines as integral member of that sphere. can be solidly and speedily constructed. May 13th. 18th year of Showa.

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INSTRUC:nONS DELIVERED BY HIS EXCELLENCY. THE DIRECTOR-GENERAL, AT THE FIRST GRADUATION EXERCISES FOR FORMER USAFFE MEN, MAY 24. 18th. YEAR OF SHOVvA wish to .address a few words -of felicitation to the "~fTsf (fraduating class of the Institute for Former

FFE Men .

USA-

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I 'am greatly pleased .to note that .all of you .have shown conseienti.ous efforts in ~going · thru -the ·. ~hree weeks course · of intensiy.e culn-tral trairiing ....and . spllitual reorientation and · are ' today gr-aduatiI}g ,with .high honors to go' back to your' -respective posts 'to -play . active roles ·in .the reconstruction of- the P:6iIrpP!l1es ·and tegeneraticm o.f ypur count~ and its ,peQples --to ·a position of honor- as an· integra.l :member -of ·the family of O:riental nations.

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'.' ,My part-ing , wOlds to , You , is ·that· yOI,l . keep a,-bv~: the ·f,im convietion Y,{)U .hav.e·.gained -at .fi1Ji·,-lnstitute .aad. with· thilt 'as a basis,,;striv,e· to ·~nhance -the . benefit and welfare ..of .18 . mil1.o~1_· 'q)<l.mhymen, .· who -~r.e depending so heavily ,0,1 :'Yom--,untiring e.ff~r.ts. i I a1ll 'll'!0re than cO'nfid~nt ·that , y;ou. wiU ,ac(:iorriplish - this noble mission and . ·in so doing · fulfi ll th~ ,\>J<tlst. and EOnfid.eoce ".... e are placipg on;¥!>u and :thus repay with sincerity ,the great debt you owe to the Philippine Exeeutive Com mission and the Superintendent of this Institute and his able staff. .

!,lay 24th. 18th

Year

ur

Showa.

xi


EXCELTHE STRAJAPANESE MILITARY -TION AT THE THIRD GRADUATING EXERCISES OF THR GOVER1\,MENT EMPLOYEES TRAINING INSTITUTE. MAY 3t, 1943,

, i take great pleasure in addressing the graduating class of the Government Employees Training Institute at the third graduating 'exerci~ e~ of this Institute, . Ever since your enrollment in th is Institute you have sho'>"n great enthusiasm in pursuin g the prescribed course of study, and altho the periild of trai11 ing has been for, ,only two months you have shown in this brief. period of.. time such zeal and perseverance as wer~ : seldom s een heretofore ' among public officials. Under the guidance and tutelage of your able instructors you have accustomed yourselves to the wholesome discipline of group life which I am more than certain will he Ii source of inspiration as well as fond re~ini~cence, to '·an of you long after you depart from lle're~1-:}- ~r,_",,:. ~G';i ~~~~~~;<>.: .. -:': ~~., -" .. --5'~-.:~":"

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'~I''A£t~r' ~~cl~ti~'i1: ~hich'hori3r:y~1fha~eftJly ~~~;d

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. :£or 'ya'iiz,;elv~~h -high .:1dis'tfuCti~if.'

y~~' ' ~n tfetU';.n ~; to y~ur ~~pecfiV~t" p~its I'to" c~ntiri~e ' to s~nie ' i~ the " ,.;. best inte~est of y;;ur countrY and people, - f wish "to ~~j~i~ .J.por(Y;;;X' to' be a; hi' mind all the lessons have ' le~e'd here '~nd ~th 'great pride ' iliId unshakabl~' ~~nfideri'~~ ~i~'-.lhe "-f~d : that yoci belong-'::i~ ,t he ori~iital . ra~e': " in:BiUfe~t ')n', :a.ctual. deeds ',the ',' fireat ,:Oriental ~rhxe""4of "respdnsible '<Ieader;;hip. '·~~hich is leadership" thn!' ~eIf-~ffacement a'~d personal ~mple. Take Ii ·positi~~ ·.attihxae - in'faCiDg · th~ ' ~iti~ of the ·tim~~ '·~nd -;~~«-toi" s~iv~ ' the vari~~·"pn;ble~· · ~~~ facing this cotihby with a £res~ _spirit ""of enthusiasm. hope arid w 't erprise, ' .' ., '- " '.'

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1 close my bri~f addre~s by congratulating all of , you 'for your ' brilliant records and repeat my sincere . wish for your continued health and success, May ~i. , 18th . Year of ,Showa.

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ADDRESS B¥ HIS EXCELLENCY. PREM1.ER GENERAL HIDEKI TOZYO Oli JAPAN. DlELIVERED AT THE THANKSGIVING MASS MEJETLNG. LUNETA. MAY 6. 18th YEAR OF SH0WA

It gives me unbounded saHsfadion to be able to attend in ~erson. this huge thanksgiving assembly held 'in the midst of this grea,t war. and to hek0ld. with my own eyes this impressive speetade of never ending columns of staunch and ioyal Filipino fFiends and collaborators who are gatheFec!l heFe before me - so r~1I of hope and determination.

I. acce pt with deep appreciation the Resolution of GJ'atitude you have just presented to me in fhe name 01 the people ' of the J:l>hilippines and I a,l so wish to congratulafe Chairman Vargas for his ardent. and .enthusi~stie speech of weleome.

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::hoal 2 1c huh\'aJls . 01 the _-\nQ'I(I-Du rch - ~·'\rjJ erk:n. n s Sit"U<l t~ cl in Eflst ..-'\s~a , ore. todny ~)ou i1 djng inc essantly nf! ain3~ a ll the ir s l:1.)1 1 ~ I,!) 1 d in od H" r I)\li r::: o f t:; e Paci -

:;~ iI,,:d Indi~n () c~~.n-s. ] I !s n o\\· u nl -~ n q ues t {Oli! of ii tne \vhe n th ese>- far - f1 un g· nliI i taiY a ~d l'l nyal CalTI.l paigns ...... ill b ear fr uit a Nd t;h-e en~my forces ~y illl IDe . d ea lt '-su ch d ecisin' ddea ( and annihd a iio l~ a t the [l an ds of th e relentless and i'l1viacifu!e Jap;anese forces. dUlt they will n eyer ag,ain be ab le to co ntaminate Oriental soil.

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':"'T he pres~nt V'lar ' is h~ghly !>igDiFica~t' to ' all -the peoples of Greater East Asia heeause it is a gigant-ic war ;which is b e· r.g ......·age d on the moral and ethieal jnstificahon of liberating. from t heir age-aId bondage. the olle bil'Iion p eople of East Asia aAd. as such. it 'is . t-h crefore. a sacred "''''ar of salvation. nof a war 0f co nquest or territorial aggrandizement. The armed 'forces of th e Jap iH1e::.e Cmpir€ h a ve com wletely rou,teJ the en emy aAd occ lIp~- i ng one after the ather all the

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\ Vithin lhe sph ere of Greater East /\sia we see the one billion peoples of Japan and her allred and friend-

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Ii

po~ers strongfy cementing their unity into one coherent whole. willingly ide ntifying their destinies fDr the sa ke of pros ecuting this sa cre d war to a victorious finish. E veryone co- inh a bi ting th is sphere is tod ay exerting every eHor t in his p owe r to construct in East Asia a sphere of th e ir ow n w h ere p eac e and security may b e enjoyed by nil a n d w h ere each p eople and n a tion may find its ow n place a n d d e ve lop its ow n d es tiny with th e fri e ndly a n<L a ctive a ss ista nce a nd coope ra tion o f its n eighb ors a nd frie n d s. I wish , at this po int. to m ake specia l rcf", rence to the -l0 0 mill io n peop le o f Ind ia who nre ou r com ra des in ,·his mfghty s trugg le and are re ady to join o ur ra n I.:s in achie vi n g the goa l of th is h oly w a r. On the Europea n co ntin en t. we note with I'lleasure . that our allied and friendly po wers are meeting great successes in forgin g ahea d towards our common objective of establish in g a New \ Vorld Order. based on . moral justice. The great powe rs of Germa ny. Ita ly and our other alli es are today in the m id s t o f prepa rations for a grand offensive on a h eroic scale whi ch , is soon to be d irecte d a gain s t the An glo-A meric an powers as another progressive step in our .steady march ..J ,t o certain victory. . :,'" - ' " . :". .... "j J

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-, LI t has long been an ou'tstanding cause of indigna- '1 ~. ~· - tiQn to me tha t the greaf soul and spirit of · the true . Filil'lino have been maliciously p erverte d and debil- ' ,j ita ted by long years of hypocritical exploitation under- 1 , the American regime. Cleverly camouflaging their real aims under su gar-coated kbels 'of justice and de1 ~ocracy. the....Americans effe c.!ively carried out a policy j of exploitation. giving you in exchange. for your birth;.right of independence .and virile existence . . the epheiil··-era!' benefits of cheap m aterialism and ·a false .sense 'of economic stability "which in essence .wail "a n eco-.nomiC set·up ·based entire ly upon ' reliance ' tin America .

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But today this gloomy outlook no longer prevails in the New and · R ejuvenated Philippines. ' The . Greater East Asia War .is . the clarion call ·for all Fili.

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pinos to rise up and stand upright, as ollce in the . distant past their proud ancestors stood. to face a glorious world of their own making. _', You are" today ' on the threshold of a 'great period in your national development and racial progress. All traces of reliance on American and sentimental attach' ment to Americanism are being rapidly liquidated from the minds of the people ' and a strong Oriental nat.ion i~ being forged upon the anvils of Fortitude, entel])rise and progress. from out of raw materials ' ~hich ~e inherently and essentially Oriental. A New Philippines is being born before our own eyes. from out of .the cleansing crucible of fiery ~pntriotism. The Japanese Empire is today ~xtending ' to you 'every assist~nce in its power to help you emerge from out of chaos and turmoil of the old regime into the glorious nationai existence of the new. I hereby' pledge the word of my 'c ountry and its tOO million determined people. that this assistance will be continued un~ diminished in the future. People of the New Philippines. look up to your glorious future. and with courage and hope. march on, united as one. towards tha t shining goal of your national ambition. At the 81st session of the Imperial Di et. 1 reiterated. in the name of th e Impel1ial Japanese Government. the fonnal declaration. that should the Philippines continue to render furt h er tangible evidence of cooperatfon , Japan would g la dly . gran t her the honor of in· d ep enden ce in I he sh ortes ~ p ossibi(> tinle. I am glad It' st a l t' th at u po n m y arri" a ! in lhif COlintr• . j set· ('\' erY\\' h('r~ tu l1 gi t rIe e\"i-del1 c~~~ o f y ou;- L! ro\\'i:~'~· d es:!!"e 10 cooperal'e more c lo;oe h· " .-it!l the lm;)er:a: 1,m 2-nese Gon :rn m ent. 1 note w ith great satis f~ction th~ t you are a.otively.forg ing ahead in yom tR~ks of creating th e I"ew Phili ppines an d under the circu mstances I am convinced more than ever on the propriety of your early independence.

It is. th ere rore. my rervent w is h dial everyone of the 18 million Fdipinos without a si ngle ex·ceplion. sh-ould show the same enthusiasm Bnd willingness to

xv


cooperate with the Japanese nation. that you have shown me at this gathering. and m ake greater e fforts in g iving us adcliii o nal ta n g ibl e e"icknc.e of ocli,-e. unreserved. and spontaneous cooperation with J apan and her allies in bringing t-he Gre ater East Asia \Vur to a victorious finish_ I ,""ish to cIO$~ 111)" nl c ssagc lo yo u

by

stating thftt

we in Japan are awaj[-jnIJ w ith jus t as much ex pectaHon n 5 y ou for thf- npproflch of ihF' hll!1PY dii \' ·.vh,.:n th e p pflJ1i e /)"( diP PhilinpirH''5 ' . . :~ ·.·.i n :r-'I" ·h ~:."ll-= t~i·.. €·~

the gren t 11onor Oi' 'n depl,,~dL"n"'~ 1! ~ -:1 :.·p.:1fiz~ irs !11iln; fold benefits hv fu ifiii inL! . in ttl . . ~!~0d:.:sl !Joss ihic tina.: . all the rc qtlj J'c;n L"'n l ~ fl'~dinG' 10 ::', ,: 11 c hr'dshed ;;ou1..:

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ADDRESS DELIVERED .BY HIS EXCELLEl\ CY. PREl"IlER GENERAL HIDEKI TOZYO OF' JAPAN. AT A BAl\'QUET AT THe MANILA HOTEL. MA Y 6. f EBt li YEAR OF SHOWA wish to rise at this moment to express my s'i neere apprecia tion to YOtlf E.x cellencies and other distinguished gtlests for having accep ted my hwita,uon and honored me with such an enthusiasf.ie aUendahce in spite of th e kavy pressure of your m any duties. _ My s tay in your beautiful €o untry kas been extremely short but even in tth is short p eriod of time. I have b ee n ab l~ to witness for m yself. tk e close. 'wkolehearted cooperation His Excellency. Chairman Jo rge B. Va rgas. and the ' Hon orable Commissioners of the Philippine Executive Commission are rendering, day and night, to t~ cause or J a panese v ictory " in ' the present VYar a nd for t he estnblishme nt of an indeFlend ent Phili ppi n e HS nn iBti"gra l m'l d valuab le member of th e Co -P ro sperit" Sphere, Nnder th e ins piring tutelage of His Exce ll ency, t1he Comma nderin-Ch ief of th e Imp eri al Japa n ese F orces in the Phil ippin es. I h nve bee n most fav orably impressed by the d'i hgence and ir,c llstry shOWN by the masses of y on r p eople v,;ho ar~ ;{~ nding 10 their dail y Jiespol1sibiIil1E":=; v"':i L df' \errr,;nF: L'~\;1 ~: }1d a sh-o~"'i. ~ ("OTI y! ctior.l tha t

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plelt'h n'ecd lTn ~~~ :IlC slll.~ciJt:- u; .-'.n:~-· -rl J·. 1:--:"! ~"'e riaIism. in fflC~. 1 C:.-~) :.i r!!? r :: f! ::i rl.;'~~· ( ''':~ ~ :i.3 ~ ?(, ­ tion to express on tr iis h appy 0~c.n5ior.. ~· n~ y d;;oep a d mira tion and r<";pE: (i for th e ~l<l nerhU m ii n ,· 'fo rts and conscientious ende ~v(!)fs n o\v being re-nde:f! d by the lead e rs and aH th e peopl~ of th e New P hii ippines and I wish to publi cly commend a ll o f you, witlh the h ighest w ords o f ~' mise, o n the remarl,chle achicve- ments you have made to da ie. i..

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Since my an'ival h ere yesterday, I have had occasion to confer pe~onally with the high officers of

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the -Army. the responsible ~ffici~ls of the Mili~a~ Ad- ' miniskation. and leading members of the Philippinlf ~" E"(ccutive Commission. At my conferences with ' "Cha irman Vargas and the ranking members of the Executive Commission. I was deeply struck " by the adamant determination and burning ' conviction that,' a ll the leaders o f the New Philippines possess. and I am n ow .. more than ever before. most thoroly convinced that the policies and reforms currently bei ng effected in th is coun try wi ll. without fail. result in (l np[cCe~e n t ed successes . It is indee d a grea t pleasure for" me to be a ble to mah this a ssertion and I do so most Lear.tily o n th is occasion. b ecause I consider this a mntter for great rejoicing and mutual congratula tions for all of us gathered here this evening since \ve all have the best interest of the Philippines S'O close to our hearts. ' r,

At the M ass Thanksgiving Meeting held at the Lu~ n eta this mornin g. I had occasion to einphatically state my ada ma ntine and unshakable co"nviction that J a pan . in dose alliance with , her allies and friends ~i; Greater East Asia and in Europe. is bound to emerge' victorious in _ this world-wide . war 'which ' is "being " waged for the great and noble ':objective 'of establish- ' ing a New World Order based on Moral Justice : and Ethical Principles. I wish to take this opportunity to ~eiterate my statement and resol~tely affirm: <"in the , name of my gov~rnment and pe~ple. and 'in the strong~ est words at my command. :that we. th~" Japlmese people. have solemnly pledged. in the 'prese'n~e of ancestral spirits. no 'Iess than oui national destiny self. for the cause "'uf 'effecting "complete " annihir~tion" and extermination of every vestige of , Anglo-Amerl: ican p 6wer ' U; East :Asia and- to prosecute this ' W~r. so Vigorously and thorolY ...Jhat your former' doniinators will never again be -able to , contaminate"-r¡the~-IIL--'---"---'~I sacred soil of the East or enslave the proud peoples '-of the Orient with their poisonous ' tentacles of sordid imperlillisnt and commercie] eipIoitatio~" ',.' '.f,,' â&#x20AC;˘ ,

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is an undying credit to: Chairman Vargas 'and

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in your seating order. On the ~ther hand. it w ill be highly appreciated if you will make'- yourSelves 'c ompletely at home and spend as much of your 'evening as you possibly can with us. Allow me to propose a toast to the health and success of His Excellency, the Chairman, and to the H onorable Commissioners 'o f the Philippine Executive Commission. :tvlay their untiring efforts be crowned with the glorious achievement of an epoch making 71 a ture in the shortes t possible time,

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OPENING REMARKS OF COMMISSIONER OF THE INTERIOR JOSE P. LAUREL, AT THE NEW LUNETA ON THE OCCASION OF THE VISIT OF PREMIER GENERAL HIDEKI TOzyg ON MAY 6, 18th YEAR OF - SHOWA ~ J

Your Excellency, the Illustrious Premier of the Great Japanese Empire : On the occasion of Your Excellency's safe arrival on Phifippille soil. permit me to extend to you our most sincere and cordial welcome. E ighteen million Filipinos are grateful to you for the deep interest that you have taken in their welfare and for the p ledge fo grant them th.e ir coveted independence in the shortest possible p!lle _ on condition that they full y cooperate with the Great Empire of Japan- in the es tablishment of the Greater East Asia Co-Prosperity Sphere. In extendi";g to Your Excellency our -heartfelt greetings, I am at the same time priVileged to inform Your ExceIlency that, through the efforts of the Imperial Forces, peace -and order throughout the land are being rapidly reestablished ~nd that the work of reconstruction in the other fields of our national life is being undertaken with great earnestness and vigor so that we, the Filipinos, by f.urther endeavors in collaboration with Japan for final victorv in the Greater East Asia \ Var ~nd in the estabiisl:ment of : real peace and economi c stabilit y in the Philippines, may merit the priceles> boon of i nde pendence which the Great Empi~e of J apan. througl , Your Excellency, has promised to grant us in the shortest possible time. From the eager faces of the huge crowd that you now have before you, you will find sincere expression not only of gratitude but of faith in the Great Japanese Empire -as the recognized -leader of all Oriental nations. Your

Excellency:

We

acknowledge our gebt of


gratitude to you and humb'ly pay you our respects.

'vVe renew our d e termination to cooperate with the

or

Gre at E mpire Japan. under your unfalte ring lea dersh ip and may tha t leadership brin g a bout not only the happiness o f th e Japan ese people and the lib e ration of the Filipinos and other Orie ntal p eoples but the stabilit-: o f the world and th e welfare of mankind! . I tha nk you.

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Your Excellency:

I

The Filipino people are pr~fo~dly grateful for th~ unparallelled honor youf personal visit to ~ our country in spite of the_ tremendous pressu~ of offi-cial duties that weigh on your shoulders. On their behalf. I wish to express our happiness -over your safe arrival in the Philippines a~d to exten~ to yo~ ~ our most sincere and cordial weI9ome.= -

or

When-- one year ago the ~perial Japanes~ For~ annihilated the vaunted migr t of the United States in the Philippines. they laid aside the sword of conquerors and they came to us. wFto had been deceiv~d into a tragic resistance against them. not as masters ~ but as advisers. not as conqubrors but as · elder broth~ ers._ It is to manifest also 9ur eternal gratitude for :: <" {. the numberless graces t~us be~tow~d upon us that w~ ,_. _ are gathered here this .morning to express to Your ~'i ':~ cellency. and through yoy.. to ·the Great Japanes~ Bn-pire our profound and heartfelt thanks. -

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We were in - hQpeless bondage to Anglo-American imperialism. and Japan liberated us. We were the deluded victims ,df Anglo-American exploitation. and JapaD- redeemed us. We we~ diyided by-political disSensi~ns. we~~ened .: by imitation and frivcflitY. _ oppressed by a sense of inferiority and Japan uplifted us. We were the orphans o£ the- _Orient. the plOdigaL : sons of the Asiim -r~ce . lost and -abandoned . - ~r


- ~en CM}izanon-;' iuhtil.Japan-came to enfi~liteii;:jdi'Je~

8"nit~ rais€ -tis 'ro<:'"ot1:T titoVei-' 'place 'am6nIrih.e:-'ilhlfoift~of Greater -Eas.t Asia. , ''- : - ~ "'l'- ',: . .....,..-1'- ~ ,t~", We hungered' and thirsted afte~ . independence. spending Jri". j~j?Ws~t ;~eF bJoo~~iro~(~lerqic ancestors and the genius of our people. ana now Japan through Your ExceIIencY's -historic -pronouncements hai~ praced i~dependen~e- within our r~ach. .•

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'~ The -radiant spirit of brotherly love which has inspire.d _,~II -ilhese .. enlightene_d policies. of Japan in the ~hiIi~p!~s _~ot. buUkindIe i~ 0= .hearts a 'burning gr:atitu..4e~~n4..p'!p~,;,than ,gratitude. ',R co~mning zeal .-~4.~Y9U(l~ J.~";'the.· high Ideals. of' - f .- ~. 'O !'" ~Ju£h ;it~ is ;waging the present war.

~~ lI~itth'e~lf~re ·~Ie.!dg~J ~~l-;~'-~~~g~ -~~w

the material and spiritual resource~ of o~r co~trY the cbsposaL ..of lthe Great Empire · of Japan ·for v:i<;,torjo~ "prQst;cution" 'and consummation .of.. .._the ~~d._~a~ (If, Prester East -Asia. ·';! . """:1. ~ .'C<!'~

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STATEMENT TO . THIi PREMIER GENERAL

THE INTERVIEW JORGE B. VARGAS PINE EXECUTNE MAY 6. 18th ;-;-

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The object o( my present to the 'p hilippines 'is u~erlyi~g the est;bto see for myself the ' lishment of the Newto meet. and·--exchange frank views with now activ~ly enlraged in' leading this tremendous tas~' and to personally' ei,j press my a'Qpreciation' .of the labo~ and· haTdlih'1pi T.of .' both Filipinos and Japanese whO', u~ited.a:re< de~oting ~ themselves unstintingly" t th~ succe'ssful- pr6s&:titiorl ' of the War of Greater East Asia and to-tl1e establishment of' a: New. Order: ;o-'!-~ "i._"'~t!..; ~;:' -' :.:~. i

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;;. {am deeply impressed ~ , ~n,'- ~~~;~i~g,r .th"e ;~~ ~~rkabIe'-results achieved by' the"'officiaJsi-and',.{-PeopIe ~ of these Islands in their whoI~~arted a~d unifeJ efJ forts i~ the buiIdin~ of a N~~l f.hili~R~n~~ in f~~o~ ration with the Imperial JapaJese Forces. Above all. l"am 'impe!Ied to' expreJ;s' nii '~~i?<lti~; f~~)PS1.?;'; sight and courage with whieh Chairman Jorge B. VargaS and the members ~L thJ : 'Philip~in~' EX~ti~~ . C~ii1rriihfon have ~~f ' the$"';iJ~ll~~ ~~a'lh1~' i;;~~ of gra~e per~ona1 I'isks - l1'ave 'I ~r;~~.!e~~,ste~i~ Je~?~~tt . _. th emselves to the work of establ,shmg, tfle New Phillp- pineS': The fact that such and equally -worthy men are to be found in positions of trust and leadership is. indeed. a matter for congratulation not only for the future of the Philippines alone but for the future glory of the whole of Greater East Asia. One aim . of the present War is to bring abont the complete capitulation ' of the United States. Britain and the Netherlands. those nations who. encroaching upon the lands of the East. - attempted to satisfy their inordinate ambitions at the expense of the rightful inhabitants. Another. aim is the eviction of these hostile powers from the lands of Greater East· Asia


~ a:nd the establishment therein of a -new order based :r~p'o~' - ~ o¥af i>ri~dples,-' ~aic order ' in which each and eve"ry race- will enjoy a place in the sun. '- ~ The 'pbiii:y -pri~sued -by the United States in the 'occi'ipation.. ~£ the ' Philippines as a strategic base for -Jurther' seIf-aggt.ai\disement reveals that not only did ~he deceive the Filipinos in forcibly annexing their 'i-;;;rltory. 'but In' utter disregard of their true happiness and welfare the attempt was made to corrupt and paralyze the Oriental Fil ipino mi nd will, the gJittc-r of material civilization, Not perm itting e\, p.n a 'semblance' of economic self-sufficiencv. th e U nited 'St~tes '- ;leverly fed the Filipin o peopie on p ro~ises ';T~f 'lrfiloubtfuI --iiidependence --the granting of which - -- w~~m' tIine- ,t~ "time delayed. Thus were the Fili~J)1tmjt"cleptiV'ed 6£ 'such traits ' as' §tUi-diness': alia i~itia'­ , tive which are indispensable for the creation and de",velopnient of a hatioil 'and thus was held in check the > "de~~Iopi'ne~t 1>f a" r~cii-tl _consciousness 'w hich would ~nr _coiui{er to~,-the 'Amerlcan policy of colonization c an<l ~ent"fo~<:hrile'Di: " fil-: the ·East. ., -"., - - j , _q1c€nfuries{~agJ '- Hose''''EO'fumerciiiI ,j telatio~s ''alr~ady :- <'e~iSf~a betWeen"Japan "and thePhilippin~s~hd' al-, ,:~lrJqgh the';fife-ogiaphic~P. proximity : ~ni:I ,) iitiB'I ' h~d J :iiltui-iil ties, ' of "tlle-""tWo l>eoples''''niay be'- 'regarded _as a't ts "of -Divin'e ~'providencJ ordaining c'oIIaboration ' in ,'~lhe-: l:Ievelopn'l~ni' 'bf ,\t"'pe~ceful 'ancl prosperous _East J,"'Nf~~"'!fhis"'{va~:,;-iKaliciotl.s'IY 1ib~trUcted by the United ':':"~ ftit~~h6se':,'hflto~"\::if: <tominatioi:t"in -' the"-E~st is ~ ". fhisf9;Y , ~f 4ni'qiiity-"\iiriiedfo-' engi!iijer ' among the' peo. }~,(ples"rof ' the~ OrIeni "iiitlttIi'I hate "and "distrust. :,1.~<>, ' -' I?~\-;,;;:;,~c~·;:g:l ,~' ,f.!;Ho~~et.'*-iHg,:;t<W~t~r.gfi Gr'eal~~ ,fEa'st'" ~i~': , .". wrought a tremetf)do~'~ilail g'~: "-'So'i;'~ " ~ft~~ : llo~tiIiti~~ :-;~4iilFcorrimeilt!~~. ~-thl1iiiiit~ry and Da'val bases oJ Bri,'tarn ra~d the _United State~ i~ East A~ia were quickly -afifi'thilat'ed' tina 'today"the !inight of the 'Imperial Japanese Forces spreads ' over the vast expanses of the ~'Facific ~arid "Inclian ' Oceans, ,- Ou~ 'p'osition has been . '!io:;'- coh~olidafed that it ,is im~regnable ' and ultimate vict6-ry"'is Ii' cettainfy, - And' now: \ve -aie :welI prepared Jg '--make further advances in order " to ':completely

has

0

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-,

vanquish the e~emy's will to figh~ - :;~____ -. ...:;' --Within tke , Greater- East , Asi/! . _ Sphere' ~j_t~ _ stren gth of the ties binding Japan, China and Ma,~­ choukuo- . tare daily. being: aU(fIp.ented. Thailand. inI "l -.:'i' allia nce with Japa n. is in active participation in ' this ,,!ar, Fre,!'lch In~9-,C~!n~ ~~",ex~:!1?i~g ful,~ opera tion while Burma; unaer the spirited, Ieader~ , _ ship of Dr. _ Ba,_ Ma~.mg., .;~ ~§oci~ted i her, 'dest;'"Y, wit~\ tli~t of Jap~n ' a?td -~"~;;o~" on eve<'~'r" jnJt~~i~ ' ' . - ' • . f,::. h, ; ~::~~ ~... ~ . L.,. J ..iCi .. "..,...· ~.tl~""JI' -, d ence. ' The peopl~s of the' southern regions. 1i{I" a result o[ the admiri.iSb:~tion bas'ed ~'pon tm~ n1)d~"'­ standing' ~nd ' ~~;~I p,i-~~~~le;:: i!.~~i ' ~~a~~~~a:!~fitlie significance of their racial mission.,. And SQ, the, ~ , ti~ns and ' -~aces' of Gi~~t~r East As'ia - ~re,~~l~d'fu;: their resnective~' end~avo~ ,' t~ '-hirild', Ii' ~ ~e~~ p;eai~r '5. , r;:.. 1', . oJ:;_" _.: -;. r J ~'.J illo' • -.c -" It~j ~ If~"-J.,.:....;t."'lj._-; q

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the

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Eadst Asia ".hic~_ sn~II, ,~hine fo~~lj ,£wit~ .p~~u!>J1IIJ.,~~"crf -" ~~ p~~~~s~ia!r~ :sj~ r(t~ ::+ij~~~A ru .L~ !hl~rr~ ~a '" 9:

~n~~uro~:.:, ,Q:rp:j~nY'.J.I~aly.I .~I?4:!!W' ';9tQ,e~ ~eSi"i.!\~" P.J~. !U'if.JlQw! p!"~p"aripg'f'!

,«1~~~ . coJ!~oratioll" :wi!b,, R.t!l'

for . a~ grand ?ffctns.ive f%JlnalC'vic;;!pl'E'h1).~~, in the East and in the", Westt giant ~trides Iir~_ he ing :' made for the ultimate overthrow, of the. lJnited"sfates

a ~d Britain.

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.

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-:." ,.,~-r {f' !~~~~~ .

Together " ith the one _ thousand millions, iJi.:', Asblwho have h~en freed ~9~ the: -~at~;i~ and spirifuaf : subjugation of the United' States.- Britain''' and , the~ N etherlands and wh~:-;wa'~~ed to~ theh-~'fuie '~;i~~~ as Asians. are now unit!!d inspirit, I a~Ji~Iy: 4~ter:-':­ mined , m ore than ever. to win this War. to eiadica'te~ lhe roots of evils long stand in g in East A sia. And 1 h t' rebv ~'a ffirrn th e fun dam en ta~ policy of Japan whi ch is to establish" p erm a n en t peace by accordin-g Lo e<)cl mcl' its rights to n a tionh ood. It is my earnest d esire that the people, of , the PhiJippines fully com preh end- th e true intentions of Japan ' and the mission of th~ Philippin~s, imprt;ss_uPQn. t hc4r,._ minds the glory and responsibility of participatiori.: iri~ ~~ this- sacred w ar of liberation and devote themselv~, ~-:" one- ma n to the task of reconstruction. the~by __t~ ' ~!l' f' for themselves the honor of indep endence in the _est: p()ssiJ:.Ie _!.u ne.: ' " , -,


RESOLUTION UNAN IMOUSLY APPROVED BY THE FILIPINO PEOPLE FORlv IA LLY ASSEMBLED AT THE LUNETA IN THE t..- V· CITY OF MANILA O N THE OCCA SION OF THE PERSONA L VISIT OF PREMIER GENERAL HIDEKl T OZYO

"'--

WHEREAS. in th e brief sp an of one year si nce the complete and u nco n ditional surrender I) f the U n ited S ta tes F orces. the 0:e,,· P hili;: :Jim:s had made tangib le an d positive progress to\\·a~d nillional un lly. spiritu al rejuve nation . a n d economic rehabil itat ion as a result of the high ideals and en lignrened policies of the Imperial Japanese Governm ent and the u n fa iling guidance and valu~le assistance of the Mili tary A dministration in the Philippines; WHEREAS, the personal visit to the P hi lippines of the foremost leader of Japan, Premier G en eral H ideki. Tozyo, ~vl1ose utterances I\.ave always demon_ strated a genuine love for .the Pl\.ilippines and the Filipinos, is a momentous and historical event in the annals of our country; and . WHEREAS, the Great Empire of Japan, through the I~perial Japanese Forces and the Military Administration in the Philippines, has always shown benevolent attitude towards · the Filipinos and unselfish solicitude for their welfare: NOW, THEREFORE, BE IT RESDLVED, th; t

th~ Filipino · people formally and solemnly assembled

at the Luneta in the City of Manila extend, as they - herehy extend, a warm and cordial welcome to the Illustrious Visitor, Premier General Hideki Tozyo; and BE IT FURTHER RESOLVED, that this solemn assembly express, as it ·hereby expresses, the firm determination of the Filipino people to exert their utmost to merit the honor of independence, .to extend their fullest collaboration in the sUGCe$sful prosecution of the Greater East Asia War until' final vi ctory is

xxviii

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won by the Empire of J a pan, and to surmount any obstacle that may be found in their path to freedom and nationhood ; BE IT FINALLY RESOLVED, that this solemn assembly express, 'as it h ereby e"-presses, the undying gratitude of the Filipino people for the chivalrous leadership of the Great Japanese Empire and its unprecedented benevolent policy towards the Philippines and the Filipinos. Adopted in the City 9f Manila, Philippines, this 6th day of May, 1 8~h Year of Showa .

.--.

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LUNC~ T

SPEECH OF MINISTER AOKl AT A EON AT MALACANAN. GIVE[\' IN HI3HOi\'OR BY H lS R:\C ELLE\! C~- THE CHA.IP..J.\1AN OF TaE Pl-£IL jpPI[\iE~ EXECUT IVE COM:-nSSION. ~\ IA. Y fO . 181h YEAR OF SHO\\ -.-\. I i S ince !n\." ll rriYa i fi t th e I' hU11Ia _\il""po rt. I ~1 3.Ve be en p,( c0rded 'JU\":::--11;1-:.e!H )I';:;,:-!;: f5 n.: , 'X~" - 15 b~· 1·.~

by

:::- ~ nr:r : L r f 1! :~) :;'

1 ;i :).:; I, d: .[ _ ~ i, ,'\{. ~_ .~ ':: E!" '::-nr;;:n. t :1.-:" _ !~_ •.• ',,-: C!;' ~~ . -) n o r · 2 ~ inn":' _10.!':JI~ ~1_~ : ~ :-:n •. _:. : ,i.P;'-; : :)d':: :,..H1 ,_: I :': ',: .1 ·~i\.'ell h ~· f-li .:: ~:,:c cl lc~lc~,- , ;:~'. ..= ~=! l; ~ii'~ n_-:'-1 .J' ; i'!f.~ '?' '. ';tJt ne E:-(e~ cutiye ConlD1lssj on. in In v bt=:h? ff a.nd l -h c~,~ ~ jU$t no~. v

~ :'d.:

been accorded the a ddition al honor of hi!;[h wo rcl5 o f praise in his cordial speech of welcome. - I wish to take tl1is epportunity to thank you. Your E " cellency . and through you. the p eople of the Phi lip pines. for your many acts of kindn ess extended to myse lf and to m y party. Immediately after the outbreak of the Greater East Asia "Var. our distinguished host and all the other leaders of the Philippines readily saw the true intention and noble aspiration of Japan in waging this war of liberation_ They took the initiative to coope-rate fully \vith the Imperial Japanese Army in the restoration of peace and in the economic reconstruction of this country. Their efforts are responsible for what the Philippines is today. It is truly to their undying credit and an eloquent proof of - their tested leadership that this country can look forward to an even brighter future. Your- countrymen owe a debt of obligation to you and I know that t4ey depend very highly on your continued efforts to make this country realize the dream and ambition of your ancestral forefathers. l. on my part. wish to express my deep sense of appreciation and admiration for your great and unselfish services. I have just received from His Excellencv. the Chairman of th e Philippine Execu!iye Commi~sion. a most forceful and unmistakable expression of the determination of the 18 million F i·lipinos to cooperate more

xxx


.l!'

fully with Japan for the culmination of the Greater East Asia War, and for the positive establishment of the New Philippines as a worthy member of the Greater East Asia Co-Prosperity Sphere. I am gready satisfied, and a.her listening to his determined words, I have redoubled my conviction, about ~he bright future of Greater East Asia and of this country as a valuable and honorable member of that family of Oriental nations. I do not think I have to deal at gIleat length on the great advancement made to date by Japan in her military and economic position. It is -a matter of common knowledge to all of you, through personal observations and experiences, that today, in all theaters of war, Japan stands impre gnable and unassailable, after having conquered all the strategic military outpost of l3Titain, America and Holland, and _after having consolidated all her defenses, military and econo- mic. This great victory and enviable position is attributable to the heroic efforts and the undying loyalty of the members -of the Imperial Japanese Forces. You have seen with your ow n eyes th e loya lty and the bravery of the Japanese soldier. This unp arall el ed loyalty and braYery is due en tirely to the national polity of th e Imperial J a panese E m pire; an d th is is reflected today i n the h eav ts o f the 100 millio n p eople of Japan and in their strong forward march towards certain yietor\". \Vithin the count"" w e hs'-e completed all pr~parati ons fe r ui timat; victo!""!" aga inst .t\medcn and B r ~rnb 1.

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s?t\ . - ...\"!t~ .. i ~l(' strn n:;2=:~ v:D r~ -1,:- ~ .; or t;l:: ,." (J; I ~ ~i [ ;o n p ":!o ... ;'. ~ ~ ~':"';';'1'·'" ~... li· !!.:J.Y-;:

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p eople. of Japar: , a nd fi la r ha l': 2 iT: !}. '!.H.~. aL : :1~ neopie~ of Greater E asr .-\s in are m ard,inQ fo rward -to the

• 1 t. I ' t!e 1- r·. T I es raOl1 S lnle lr;. 0 :r (. sp Ilere " .I1er C!L 0r1e nta ~ peop e

may develop ihe mse"tves Ilne! e:-. ioy the destiny thaI Providence has d ecreed for ihem. This is the comi ction that I haye gained in travels through the various re gj o n~ of the S ourh

m,

As to the independen ce of th e Philippines, you have had the repeated assurance of the Imperial Japanese

x..xxi

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Government. first in the historic statement of Premier Tozyo, reiterated in January of this year. Only recently you have heard from the- very mouth of His Excf!HcG Cv , P renl lc r T ozyo. the n nchang~d national policy Japan towards yo ur in dep endenc e. I am sure that you a re renew in g your efforts and determination in leading- your cou ntry and your countrymen to an early attainm e n t d th i; !1a ticnaJ 'lmbi tioll .- the creation of a f'.; ew and In d ependent ~ 'a lio n. TI e i:s t;)nii3h m ent ')f inde!lendence is not a simple ' ::" ..-':..... .:;; J. ;, :" lis ~'or ;[l'e :1t!o m " ffo rts a nd un .,r· ·:~:;>rl .. ~ · i~i.C.: _ ~· _1 .. ~€, ? iltt ,i" !',-:7' r : "'tHe ;;artic ipa ting ~~ :-. ...!l :.; ·~-~P:.) !l. ·--£O"\Ve~f' 1.·. ui~er :n y '/C!:y brief stay '.1 :':-: ?h.:!jpc i ni'~. I am 'TI N e :ha n cO!lv1l1ced that rhe '0 ", (, 0 ;(; vi th e Phili ppi.,es Id ','e ~he determination ;md ' th~ spiri tuai po',ver to march successfully tow ards the attainment of their goal. Today. I have see n with my own eyes the unification of all the elemen ts com posin g this great people without which there can be no lastin g nationhood. And 1. representing my governm ent and my peopie. w ish to assure you that the J a panese nation is just as eager as you Filipinos yourselves. for the early attainment of the independence of this country. As an important phase in the attainment of independence, I note with great satisfacti.on that you have . made an 180 degree revision to the fundamental economic policy of your country. From " complete reliance upon America. you have come to base your economic policy on the theory consonant with the underlying principles of the Co-Prosperity Sphere. As tangible evidence of this. you are today in - the midst of a stupendous efforf dedicated to the increase in the production of war materials so that the Greater East Asia War may result in the ~omplete and decisive victory of Japan and her allies. because in their vi~­ tory lies the independence of the Philippines and the prosperity. stability and progress of all the member nations of the Co-Prosperity Sphere. In closing, I wish to invite you to rise and drink to the h ealth and success of our distinguished host and the 'other great leaders of the Philippines who are assemhled here today.

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SECTIO N 1.

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of the Interim'. Kanrei No. 15 Prescribin g qualification for Ieat:!lH'~ or :'Jippon go in the Philippines is hereby issued as 8.ttach ed herewith t.his 21st day of =VTa y, 1943.

PRE SCRIBING :I'H E QuALEICA l:l ljN FD H TEACHER S OF NI P PON GO I~ THE PHILIPPINE S CHAPTER I General Rules SECTION I.-It. shall be necessary fo r any person engaged in the teaching of Nippongo in schools or educational institutions in the Philippines to be a holder of a Nippongo Teacher's Certificate . .. CIlereinafter referr~d to as "Teach~r's Certificate"). . ~ Regulations with regal'd to Japanese nationals shall be sepal'ately prescribed, SECTION 2.-Teacher's Certificates shall be issued by the Director-General oi the Japanese Military Administration to the following: (1) J~ersol!s who have completed t1!e course of study of a public school or institution whose main object is -to train teachers of Nippongo. ,I:,. . (2) Persons who have been duly granted qualification as Nippongo Teachers (hereinafter referred to as "Qualification"), by the Nippongo .Teacher Qualification Committee (hereinafter referred to as "Qualification Committee"). SECTION 3.-Teacher'g · Certificates shall be respectively classified as Junior, Intermediate and Senior, and shall be granted according to the grade of the school or

[1]


institution wrescriberl in Item ( 1) of the p'r eceding $ection, and corresponding to the grade of t he <q ualificati on mentioned in Item ( 2) of the same Section. SECTION 4.-A ny holder of a Teacher's, Certificate shall, in case of criminal conviction or when considered guHty of any conduct imp rower for a teacher of Nippongo, be liable to confiscation of said Certificiate and :Di.squalification. . SECTION 5.-The schools and institutions mentioned in Item (1) of Sectwn 2, shall be duly designated by the Director-General of the Jawanese Military Administration. . SECTHlN 6.-The organizati<m of the Committee sball be determined separat ely.

qualificat ion

CHAPTER II

.-

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Paragraph 1

~

D~termination oft qualificaUon

SECTION 7.-Qualifica.tion shaH be classified into tht"ee grades; Junior, rnterrnediat e and Senior, and shall be determined eit h er 'by means of aID. examination or on the strength of testimonials , SECTION g. -Qualif ication shall be deter miNecl by ta_ kin~ into- considerat ion lmowledg e of NipPoID.go, general conduct l nd healt h of the applica nts. P ar",g~'aph

S ECTI O:": S. -~ ;:a nl i!1 D.t i (1; ·: .--

schoiastic subjects :-

2

ie.:.

a b i ~i : ~- ~ haI ~ h~ ~ i~.~c:,;

,)I:

<.. r:~.- t~-·-e : · ¥"l' . lU-:- \..1 _ ar.: ~·- C7 : ;1 C : ..:-, rO V:: i~l;;­

(a) Rea din g , tl"ansJ atiol1, gra mmar, tatiOR, and conversation of NililPongo.

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(b) J a.panese h istory, Japanese cu lt ure. ( c) Teaching m eth o d ~ of Kip Porlgo. '-

.

SECTION 10.- Any of the followiNg shan be ])ermitted to apply for Qua lifica tion by examination provicled that

.~~ - ':'

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[2] -

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the applicant has never prisonment, confinem,eIit or apy s~ver~r.

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( l l Those who hay,~ , ~~:qJpleted, at l~ast the or equivalent course~" '" ~,f-, _ \ ~~_~l1: fl:::.:-" .' ID~l'iljjj.~

,( 2) Those who iIi the Qpinion ' of the Director-General of the ' Japanese Military Administration 'have scholaStic attainments equal to or higher than those of high school graduates _ " S ECTION 11.-Those wishing to ' undergo ~ination -' for Qu?.iification shall pay a fee of 'P2.00, and shall submit to ;: he Chairman of the Qualification Committee a wr itten application whi ch shall contain the following 'inf ormati on :-

1. Name in full; 2. Date of birth;::: -S: 4. Scholastic record; 5. Occupational recgrd., _

,".

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The application shall be accompanied by either of the diploma of, or a statement teStifying' to, tion from high school or higher institutions. " ' SECTION 12.-Examination for each grade cation shall be given at least once a year.- '", ~ :!~~"'J;;" 1 ~~~ t; "-'r~}

-

The.Aate lor filing- ~p~~icat!Ol!~'t 1J?1l.,gr;!de ~~_~~~''''=''jL~~' ~ lification, and the 'date and ot}i,er~aetails £oIi~~i'1Ning~ Jlll~ Examination shall be announ'c e'd on' ea'c h UI;'L;a:UUll Qualif~cation .~o~~it~~e ..if ~'ci:;;:~_:~'~,ft~. SECTION 13-When ' the scholastic ' -Or' of a candidate' regarding any examiJiition pubject~are considered adequate by the Qualification ;Conim.itte~,{ may be exempted eith~r pa,rtially or entirely corresponding examination. . , ! ' _

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Those desirous of availing themselves "of tion shall so state in the application n ...,,.,,,r' tion 11. '

SECTIO~ 14.-0n det~rmining ·the ,qualifying "~Lnal-,,,'" dates, ~he Qualification Committee shall immediately re-' port their na~es to the, Director-General of the Ja'panese Milifary Administration: '"!:: <.;.'. :: ,,: L - ~. ,~ ~; -r"tFf-;.,.o

[3]


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Paragraph 3 ~

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pers-on woo possesses -tlie qualifica_.1 tions under Section 10 of this Order at the a-arne '->~_ t.1.roe_fuliijls, any' o( the f()llo}Ying ~eq~rem~n~, ;n~y qua,,! - lify:- by testimonial without submitting to_an examina-

and

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CdmD1itt.ee on select ion '!~;>;t;~;f~~~?~~-t't'ita~i~ among those applying in lli "h''''lif';;-,,;;''~, li· of Sectiorl' 16"o( this Orto the- Directo;~General of Administration. - : f ~:"' .f'.' by testimonial may be

e(!l~~li'l.(rTUJ~, fns t.it~tions 7)P.'I"7rUTr:",n.

_whose graduates

to.....qiiali/i/ by testimon'ial .- --.

considered appropriate by the DirectoI'-~eneral of the Japanese, Military -Administration, n ...iv~.tji "t>t'''''1'<,,'p' ifistitution whose mam obbe gral!tedC authorization : to fo~£lfe riade-(~()r:lm;oficliD.~

to that-


designated for -said school PI' institution. _

-

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.... ~•. -'t-

SECTION 20.-When the authorization stipulated in Section 19- is desired by a public or private schoo~ 9r educational institution whose main object is to teach ~ippong o , the founder or responsible parties of s.a id school or institution shall submit to the Director-General of the Japanese Military Administration a written appll-. c:ltion containing the following information:-. 1. The name of the school or institution; 2. Location; :~. ~ames

in fuil , dates of birth, scholastic training and .:;xner ience or' che lounnel' 0 1' responsible parties, and of 'll~ c;;ach-=rs of ::·; :ppon~o ; 4. Organization of the classes :md t he !lumber or student.s or pupils; 5. Textbooks, ;1.U::11b el' or hours pel' week devoted to Nippongo and reh ted subjects, and aR outline description of the courses .

i

. ·.... .; r":"'~,.

~; 1

SECTION 21.-In case the owner or r esponsible parties - -of a scbool or education institution authorized tinder Section 19 of this Order is or are desirous of amen'd hig" any of the items under Section 20, previous" approval' 'of t he Director-General of the Japanese Military AdIpiIiis~ ' tration shall be duly obtained. .::. . -.!_ .- ' .. .... SECTION 22.-0n the graduation of students or pupils , entitled to ,qualification by testimoni al the director 'o r ' representative of the school or educiitional institution so'- . authorized under Section 19 of this Order shall promptly report the names, dates of birth, and the scholastic rank· . ings of the said students to the I>irector-General of. the Japanese Military Administration. '-'- - -, SECTION 23.-Wh~ cons"idered ~e~e~saiy' by the Director-General of the ' Japanese Military ' Administration, --• .schools or educational institutions 'authorized under Sec- tion 19 shall be subject to 'inspection by competent offi- ' :;~ cials or the students and pupils thereof may be required , '?to submit to examinations. " , , ~ =:,c--5=<',,'': ~--"dI SECITON 24.-:In case of discovery of irregularities the management or anything inappropriate in the -teaching methods and subject matter of a school or educational ' : institution authorized under Section 19, said school or institution shall either be duly warned or its authorization shall be withdrawn. ,~'

~

[5] "

..

.~

r

",

-


Supplementary Section This Kanrei shall be ef£ective from the date of issue. Those who are ipresently~engaged in the teaching of Nippongo in the schools @F educati@na,l i,n stitlutions in the Philippines shall be llermitted to continue until September 30, 1943, notwithstanding the provis,i ons of this Kanrei.

Ka~ei No. 16 Coneernin,g the Qualification Committee' for Teacners of Nipp@ngo is hereby issued as attached herewith this 2.i st day of May, 1943; ' , " -~: . Director-Genei al Of the ~ " .' ~..:~. ,~ '~:~ _ . . J apanes~ Milita~ Administration ~. :~--CONCERNING 'THE- QTJALIFICAT~ON COMMITTEE' ~,,~ . FOR TEACHERS OF NIPP0NGO

S~n.oN, l:~The Nip~ngo ,T~dier QiIaHfi'cation Co'm:; :, mittee (h'~rem3.fter refened :t9 is Qualification Goinniit;~ ~, ~, ' t:e);,-,sl-~4.;be.. !tst~bIisli~ with~. th~: $~e~~ ~f£ ~du~~ ~::..~' ---- bonJ,.Department 'Of the Interl()r. Qf Hie JaPal!ese Mlh-. ~~k. \ tarY Admiriistrati@n. . .:; ~ ~, __ i ' ,.' . SECITON 2.-The Qualification Committee shall be ~~.~ charge.(with. the execution of all. matters concerning the qualifiCation Nippongo teaeh..ers 't~«: PlHliPllines . . . ' ,.!''SECTI(')l'{-3;': The Qualificati@u Committee shall consist . :." of the folloWing:-..i: "-'. ~. ' ~!-", ~ ~~ !it.. i c ..~~ t ~ ... , '':'' ~~ ~ . -- ~ - - .. '" . ,......: ~ ~ ";. ''-~ ...... :~:- ~ ' -' 'One Cllainnan', .' , r. s:. ':' . ~:

of

in

A

' .

:

'

••

if

Standing ,Committee-members T~mllorary C@mmittee-membel's SECTION 4.-Th~ Chairman of the Qualification Corn · mittee shall be duly allPQinted by the Direct @r"General of .. the cJ-ap,ap-ese Milita~ Admi'I!istration.; (~j'; . ....: SE€1'!ON 5.- The Standing and the TempoFary Com.-';'~ mitt~Ei-Iq~mbers , shall 'apPQin.t~d, .bs, the Director-Gen.. ' - eral,· Qf;, j;h~: ~ J ap.anese~, ;Mili:~~:: .Admin;is~ration from ·-.aI1long ,,~op.ne~e~ . witll affair!! (tonceming Nipllonwh~ scl}.91~,stjc __knowledge and ;,(";", -.:. •

;j.....:::....,--~ .

'0_'.' •

J~

'-

~.

be

.!::.- --


~l

I

over ..~ll affail's. of the Qualification Committee. SE.cTION 7.-The Standin g Commit tee-member s shall , under the direction of the Chairman , be charge d with affairs concerning the qualifi cation of Nippongo teachers. SECTION 8.-The Temporary Com mi ttee-members sh all ,

I

under the direction of the Cha ir man . be charged with such affairs concerning qualifi cati on of )1i ppongo te::chers as may be tempora rily n ecessary. SECTION 9.-A Secretary who slwl! l}e c':r.l'~c(; -': ::1: the management of genel':ll affai ,:", 11!1cl'2l' ~n.<:' -'h~:i:·'·~<·. :: of the Qua lification Commi ttee .~rlC111 'oe .l!.l::: _.1l):: .)::-.:::',! by Directo'i'-Gener al of the J ap ,,:.nese Jlil i ~ !ll": _ ~·-b:::::,,­ tration from among the Standing Commihee-mem ben:. 'SECTION 10.-Clerks who shall be in ch ar ged of mi scellaneous affairs under the direction of superior officers may be employed by the Qualification Committee. Supplementa'r y Sect·ion

. This Kanrei shall be effective from th e date of issue. May 21, 1943 Notification No. 5 Concerning the

Nippongo

Teachers'

Qualification

Examination The Director-General of the Japanese Milit ary Administration has given the Nippongo Teachers' Qualification Committee an order to give the Nippongo Teachers' Qualification Examination to the following . (1) Grade of the Examination Junior Nippongo Teachers' Qualification Examination (2) Date of the Examination June 11th and 12th, 1943 Director-General of the Japanese Military Administr ati on

[7]

---------

·1


May 21, 1943 Announcement Concerning the Teachers' Qualification

Examinati~n

The Juni0r Ni~pongo Teachers' Qualification Examft riation will be given by the Nippongo Teachel's' Qualifi. cation Committee according to the following: "'1. Date (a) 10 :00 .t\.M .-12 :00 noon, . June 11,. 1943 _

Written Examination ( b ) 9 :00 A. M.- June 12, 1943 -

Oral and Physical E xamination 2. Place The Kyooin Kunren Zyo (The Normal Institute), San Andres, Malate, Manila. 3. Subjects (a) Basic Principles of Education

,

( b ) Nippongo

Reading; Writing; Translating Nippongo into English; English in't o Nippongo; Grammar;, and Dictation. . . (c) Method of Teaching

. The examinat-ions in i¡tems ( b) -and (c) shall ::rom t he "Hanasi Kotoba" I , II and III. ~.

b~e,J~ ken

P hysi cal E xamination

5. Requirements for admission Those who have completed at least the hIgh school or equivalent course and have never been sentenced to de: _ tention, imprisonment, confinement or any severer pun- ishment. 6. Certificates The Junior Nippongo Teachers' Certifica1tes shalf be

[8J

. r

.-


issued by Director-Gim'e ral of the J apane_se Âť1ilital'Y -Administration to the successful candidates in accordanc-e with the Kanrei No: 15 ArtiCle 2. 7. Procedure of Application (1 ) Application (a) The -written application must be presented at Kyooin Kunren Zyo (The Normal Institute), San Andres, Malate, Manila by Jun e 5, personally or by mail. ( b ) The application w ill be accepted at the abo',-ementioned Kyooil1 KUDl'en Zyo from J une 1 to .JUD": 4. Lorn 2: 00 to '1:00 P . 1\1. and on June 5 ( Saturday ) , from 1i) :00 A. M, to 12 :00 noon.

-(2) Examination Fee. (a) Two pesos shall be charged as examination fee. The applicant can send a money order for two ' pesos, in case tne application is sent by mail.

(b) The fee of two pesos may be paid in cash at the office in case the application is presented personally.

(3) Application For.m , Date Application Form

- Sii': I have the honour to apply for permission to take the Junior Qualification Examination for the Nippongo Teachers' Certificate. Yours respectfully,

Director-General of the Japanese Military Administration Information 1. Date of birth 2. Nationality -Career 4. Occupational career

[9]

3.

Ac~demic


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(4) Attached Documents The written application should be accompanied by a copy of the diploma or the certificate of a high school or its equivalent. (5) Cautions on the Examination 1. The applicant should be present at the examina- tion room by 9 :00 A. M., June 11 and 12. 2. Th~ applicant should follow the examiners direction. 3. The one who applied by" mail should obtain an examinati9n card at the office. 4. The examinees are not allowed to bring anything except pens, pensils, eraser s and knives. 5. Any examinee who is found by the exaw iners as unqualified for the examination shall not be permitted take the- examination. if this disc0very is "'"" mad!! during the progress'--or after the examination, '": "} the papers wi'll be ....cancelied. -

to

-

~.

,

,"

~/

./ Ni ppon go Teacher s' Qualification j/ Committee ~/

.~


S E CTION

2. A ffairs Concerning DepartmenJ,

of Finance. SEIREI NO.9; ORDER PROHIBITING THE SALE OR TRANSFE R OF ENE MY PROPERTIES, IS HEREBY E~D. C T E D .AS _.l,.'ITACHED HEREWITH. T h is 1st clay of

~Ia y .

1943.

C.)mmm;der-ln-Chief :':1.t:-eria : .Jr.p;uese f arces in the Philippines.

ORDER PROHIBITI NG THE SALE OR TRANSFER OF EKE:.\IY PROPERTIES SECTION 1. Unless specifically permitted by the Director-General of the Japanese Military Administration, it shall be prohibited to sell, purchase, lend, borrow, or transfer ownership or exclusive possessorship of all properties per taining to enemy subjects or hostile aliens, including even movable properties such as furniture, utensils, etc. . . SEC. 2. Apy person violating the- provisions of the foi'egoing Section shall be punished by imprisonment of . . not more than five years or by a fine not exc~eding fi ve thousand pesos. . SEC. 3. Proper ties transferred in viola tion of the provis ions of Section 1 of this Order, by enemy: subjects or hostile aliens to other parties, even when further trans-f erred by said parties to third parties, shall be liable to s.eizure by the Imperial Japanese Army depending upon the circumstances of each case. -

[l1J


3. Affairs Concerning Department of Industries.

SECTION-

MILITARY ADMINISTRAT1!ON NOTIFICA'Fl0N

! ____ __ ___

r -

Concerning the Kind of Prime Commodities. In accordance with the provisions of Article II of - _ the order coll-cerning the control of Distribution of Prime Commodities, the, articles mentioned below shall be added to the Kind of the Prime Commodities, viz; -

r

NO. 4

, --,

,

-

Rayon textiles and its manufactured goods

JAPANESE MILITARY AID MINISTRATION

Manila

MILITARY ADMINISTRATION ORDER NO. 12 , ' ISSUED MAY 15, 191,.3. REGULATION PROHIBITING MOVE ME NT OF COTTON , AND RAYON MANUFACTURE D GOODS AND COTTON AND RAYON TEXTILE. It is hereby dedared [,D this Order that cotton and rayon manUlactUlled gooas ana c0tten and r aYON textile now existing in the City of Manila shall not be allowed to be moved or sold f or six da ys beginning I\fay :'6 to May 20, 1943.

Every dealer concerned in the City of :;\ ia n il::: :~ 1: er eby r equested to submit t o the Military Admiais;::-a: ion, eith er through the Federation of F ilipino R et a i lE:l'~ A ssociation, Nippon-zen Shyogyo Kumiai O!' C hi Ee~ e Retailers Association, a list of investigation madE: in conformity with the forms prescribed herewith, on the stock lots on hand during the period mentioned above by the 27th of May, 1943.

[12]


,. ;hich required the. liini~tion il!. qq~!l~!t~: the SIl'~CllI;,,!,"'1 ic ration. ticket)s provided, which are as f0Ilows,

. ..• ._-0 . ._ . .: ~~ f . A. Socks or stockings - 2 pairs per person in a year B. Handkerchief .!'. ·:1 ' ::"; 3 •pi.el:es' per: person in a year . C, Towel ., . - 2 pieces ~r person in a year D. Cotton sewing ' . . ,., " . , ' ;. " ..~..•.-. ..1 thread - 500 yards per person iil a. 'year ·E. Knitted shirts . . :-,' ,;.!: :, :' ," .' -, .: (underwear) :" ..',:,;, , ~ ~2 J.>i.ec.~)e~ p'~r~o~~.m , 2' r.~,~ [o::l~

4 ~ The distribution: of ration ticket fo~ cotton ang . 1Tn1n~--~;;,-'1 clothings shall be, done dill ,the. iQIlQwing, ~~nne.r~ ~:. .', : Ration ticket' -print~~ 'an~~' issue4>.~ by- ·.~he;", ~riI;I1C9 (Philippine · Prime Commodities ,' Distribution COn~ trol AssQciation) ~ sliaIi. p,a.s~ thru ' Cify iIalr~ district chief, district president and then neighborhood association leader to each member of the associationF "1 5'.~· Present" dealers': of textile· and knitted -goods wiJl be "" utilized but 'distributor's' shall be Ji.mited,: the selection.~ - of which' will De hased UP9n ll:re-war i.1eeo'rd and oth~ '; "'. pertment ' information ' i hd ·WitlF tneBe' ,distributors; J -:- Manila Nfpponjin Syogyo Kutmaij FiIipmo RetaiIertR . :,. Association in Minila and' Chinese AsSociation in the-' Phlippines, ea:ch of them shall form withiIi' , their- as~­ ., sociation, the cotton and. r~yoI;l, JIlan1.!iactll!"~.!t ftel2~~ ment f0r the autonomousc0ntrol 0:( articles. ::g~·o ..•. : ~, 6. The distributors shall be allowed to make purchase~j from the Primco in exchange. for ticket'. received., by; them. This rule: _shall also ;- apply -to thepurchaseSl and sale between the distributors; £:; ' 1', ' lJ .~!J:l.; ,? ~, .'~ <" . 7. Fer a woma,n who has 'been in the family way- for-~'" more than fiv~ (5) ni0ntlis, the Primco 'shall issue' ~ one (1) ration ticket. in addition to her own,' when'" cer tified by the leader and -President of, ,d'i strict'l neighb orhood association concerned and -accompa., nied by certificate of physician. 8. For those 'persons whose clothing wel'e damaged or . lost on account of fire~ the Primco may t~ the siin~ '1 action. . - ;; ~i"-)!"''''.! ~~ '~-'l~""~;-:~ 'i~;:;,·bv~~l:-;..~: · -=.-.-;.fI. ._ I

LIST OF MAXIMUM PRICES OF COTTON AND RAYON, TEXTILE: J AND COTTON AND RAYON MANUFACTURED GOdDS CONTROLLED . '~-:"; h ' " . , .. , , . . MAXIMUM ,~ ARTICLE _ . .~ -- ", ., PRICE PER '" NUMBER . ARTICLE ".', YARD COTTON -GREY . . _ v," . , ' , 1 Grey Drill 3.25 ·yds. 01 '18 1bs.~.:: ~'-;~ ·::1>.. ?~: :-Lt:<q!\. P 'l :Ps.: _,.r.' "

[141. ..

-...~

-,: -,"


1 Z

S 4 6

Grey Grey Grey Grey Grey _Grey Grey Grey

29-1/2"/35" Sheeting, 12 Ib •. /I3 Ibs., 36"/40") Sheeting, 3.25 yds. per lb., 36"/40") Drill Nadeco "2 GEESE 3.45 ' yos., 28" Sheeting, 10/11 Ibs .. 86"/ 40" Sheeting, 9 lb • ., 34"/ 36" Sheeting, 6.5 Ibs./8 Ibs .. 34" / 36" Sheeting,' 6 Ibs .. 34" /3 6" T-Cloth #500 "BATEIBIJIN" 28"

0.9 0

i

I

0.80 0. 70 1.i .o ()

0.50

COTTON BLEACHED 11

White Shirting 80 / 80- 36"; K,,(\e co ;;:15 Lechero "AAA A" , Guerrero. Holy Bi rd. Big Three, 4 Presidenle •. Casa Alta. Casa Negra. Gamin. Volley Ball. Black Ca t

12

\Vhi te Sn il''';n}!'

18 14 15

I j(l.

ti·,-S"; :..~ ,~ . ' :

\. 1

1.38

" ' j ~ :" : 1

Flag. # 2600 Bnnan;) . ;; 1i 000 To~,o Sr.. i';el:u. #3333 "9 Drngcn:;". # ~020 Ja i Al::d ... ~ 3 t.!iioritas·' . ..! Fue l'zas . ;:; ~ 5 :~ ~ T E:~1:: io . :;:r ;!:-itj ij l\IIatoya, 5 Beautie~, 2 Filipinas . j ·l"~lTPS. E !.~ ­ phant. l\IIokuran , Bizi ngyo . Viejo. C111711 C::l. #5271 Lion Piano. Shanghai T rio, 050 . Flores, 3 Perros, Senorita. Golden Fish, Caballo White Shirting 60/48, 35/ 36": Aguila # 2000 P. Torre, Virginia. Cangrejo, # 2820 Lion Piano, # 1300 Cannon White Shirting "Diamond" 30" White Shirting #1000 "Flower Boat" or # 5000 "3 Arrows" 28"

0. 80 0.75 0.55

COTTON BLEACHED-WHITE DRILL 16

White Drill unmercerized 28": 400 papelote. Inspector, Fuerza. Red Favorita. Banquero, Brillante. 2.65 Bleached Sateen N adeco

2.22

17

White Drill Mercerized 28": Colonel, Venado, Senador, Lanzador, Nobleza, Don Juan. Blue Favorita. 3 Crowns. 2.00 . Bleached Sateen Nadeco

2.40

31 32 83 34 35 36 37 38

White White White White White White White White

51 52 53

Khaki Drill "AAAA" Lion Tower 28" Khaki D rill "Caballero" 28" Khaki Drill ;'3 Obreros" 27". Khaki Drill

COTTON BLEACHED-WHITE KHAKI Khaki, 1 x 1 - 28" Khaki. 1 x 1 - 30" Khaki Westpoint. 1 x 28" K!J.aki Westpoint, 1 x 36" Khaki Westpoint. 2 x 2 36" W estpoint Uniform Cloth. 2x2 Westpoint Uniform Cloth, 2.-,,2 'Westpoint Uniform Cloth. 2x2 -

37" 41" 42"

1.62 1.68 1.86 3.00 3.48 3.48 3.96 4.56

COTTON DYED-KHAKI MISCELLANEOUS 1.62 1.86 2.04

"5 Soldiers" 28". Khaki Drill "Casa Alta" 28". Khaki Vat 2.25 Nadeco 28" 54 55

!----._---

Khaki Drill "3 Onzas 29". Khaki Vat 2.00 Nadeco 28/29, Khaki Drill "Wigan" 28" Oxford Khaki Shirting 36". Khaki Drill "JacktOn" 36", Khaki Drill "2 MedalIas" 28"

[15]

2.28 2.40

j


1

COTTON DYEo-KHAKI WESTPOINT 61 62 63 64 65 66 67

Khaki Khaki Khaki Khaki Khaki Khaki Khaki

Westpoint, Westpoint, Westpoint, Westpoint, Westpoint. Westpoint. Westpoint,

1 1 2 1 2 1 2

x

i

or 2 x 1 -- 28/29"

x 1 or 2 x 1 -- 86/87" x 2 -- 86/87'" x 1 or 2 x 1 -- 39/41'" x 2 -- S9/41!" x 1 or 2 x 1 -42" x 2 42"

2.46 8.30 8.84 3.84 4.38 4.38 6.04

COTTON DYED-BROADCLOTH 71 72 73 74 75

Broadcloth Broadcloth Broadcloth Broadcloth - Broadcloth

#200 & #300 -- 36'" #400 -- 36'" -- 86'" #600 #700 & #800 -- 36" #1000 -- 86'"

0.90 1.26 1.88 1,50 1.66

CO.:rTON DYED-BLUE DENIMS 91 - Blue Denims "3000 & #6000 -- 28" 92 Blue Denims # 350 -- 28'" Blue Denims "Madrigal" -- 28" 93 93 Blue Demins "Madrigal" -- ' 28'" Blue Denims #245 28" 94 95 Blue Denims "220 -- 28" 96 Blue Denims 8 oz. or 9 00, 28'" _

101 102 103 104 105 106

COTTON DYED-PERLIN, OPAL, LAWN OR BATISTE -~ Colored Perlin, Opal, Lawn or Batiste '2nd soH · Colored Perlin. Opal. Lawn or Batiste 1st 30" Colored Perlin. Opal. Lawn or Batiste 2nd 36" Colored Pe r lin. Opal, Lawn or Batiste 1st 36" Colored Perlin, Opal. Lawn or Batiste 2nd 40" Colored Perlin, Opal. Lawn or Batiste 1st 40"

1.26 1.32 1.62 1.62 1.80 1.86 2.04

0.76 0.84 0.90 1.20 1.20 1.32

COTTON DYED-MISCELLANEOUS 121 122 ! ~~

12, li! 5

126

St r ip ed Ticking 36". Flannellete IVellingion 36" Sui ti n g uEd:tk" or " B engalina" 54" Color ed Ox ford Sh:rt in g 36"

2.70

; Q3 N , RG ! ~~J.;: o n f; Linen or Ho n g k (i n ~ Den?:n !:n a 1St 28" Vat Fast. S ui tin.g 3131'

1.98

D ycrl

~.-<2h· e t. een

H erri nQDOn e S ui!i n g 3 6 /1 , Bla ck Sa teen Cloth 1st ::4 " . H on g-kong Linen or Hongl;:on g- Bcnga lin a 2nd 28" I\I a n hattan Sh irt in g 1st 36", F a n cy H " n""'YQu €,

127 128 129

130

~6'i .

2.22

1.92 1.68 1.66

S ;:t ' e en T iro 36"

F lann ellete F atla-n 28". H on gkong Suiting 1st or Striped Lanilla 281.1 Texala Cloth 38", Lsnilla Cloth 36" Madras Shirting 36", Sack Suiting 86", Checked Gin g ham 36", Coverts 36", Manhattan Shirting 2nd. 36", Favorita Cloth 88/40", Flannell ete D a r k Color 28", Striped Trousering (or F a u sta) 28", Sheeting or Indian Head 84" Colored Chambray 1st 28", Flake Sniting' 28". Colored Flannellete 28", Blue Chambray 1st 36". Striped Chambray 1st 28", Colored Cambric #2851 "9 Dragons" 85-1/2" •. ._:. --

[16]

1.44 1.38 1.32-

1.20

".


133 134 135 136 137

Blue Chambray 2nd 36'" G. C. · Popiin or Bengalina Gabardine 28"'. Black Sateen Blue Chambray 27"'. G. C. Poplin or Bengalina 2nd 28". Favorita Cloth 28"', Colored Chambray 27/28"', Madrigal Cloth 28" Striped Chambray 2nd 27/28", Checked Gingham 26/2!!" , Colored Chambray -24"', Plain Voile 86"',-.--: 'Striped Gingham 24/26" Colored T-Cloth 26/ 28", Colored Nainsook 26", ~ique V oile 24"

COTTON PRINTED 151 152 153

154 155 156 157 158

Woodbridge P!-int s 36" Printeu Corde 36". Printed F lanneJlete (U. S.) 36" P ri n ted Shi r ti ng 80 / S0 - 36" , PrInted Slub . Broa dcloth, _Printed Opal, or Batiste. Printed Caliente. Printed Del Rio Shirting 36", Printed Dimity, Printed Pique -" Printed Shirting 68/ 72 - 34/36", Printed Flannellete 28" : ~ :-f--f:" Ki y-_ Printed Voile 36" Printed M. K . Poplin 28". Printed Organza 28" Printed Jeans 2R" Printed Pongee - 2R" Printed Percale - 24/28"

RAYON DYED Kordacool Skin Suiting #6000 - 38/40'" . Kordacool Skin Suiting Pique - 38/40"', " Sharskin Suiting #6000 - ,38/40" 'T.l',r ~'Sharkskin Suitinft 'Pique "'-."38/40",: , ''''L''~T'''''''= Peacock Skin 'Suiting :::...-38/40'" ~. -:;,;'" . Koldacool Skin s.:uting # 4000, ·SR/40"', "'._'_ 602 Sharkskin Suiting # 4000, 38/40"', ~ . , , '. Eleohant Skin Suitinp: - 38/40" cOw skin ~o;.' Suiting 88/40, Goat Skin Suiting 38/40" , -~ .', Taffeta Moire ,1 st 88/40" _ :. : ~o: .....:.:"" ._ . . 603 Checkered Sharkskin Suiting 1St 40'" ,,.," ;. L~~: 604 . Lady's Goat Skin Su'iting 3R140. Lambskin ~,;:-i' _ Suiting 38/40, Taffeta Plain 1st 88/411". ':. ' , .;; , :.. ;Crystal Silk ,38/40", Checkered Sluu:kskin ~~~::.r_ -.1'" _ ~ ' 2nd 88/4~"'. ~ ... _.... ~r: ... * ••• ..-~ n,,~"i;;--:"~j..';~~~;:~. '~.'1.• _ '5ci~ Pig Skin Suiting 38/40"', Baby Sbarkskiti" . ,-" :.= Suiting 38/40", Dnck Skin ,Suiting 38/40", . Ii. "Jersey Plain ,38/40"'. Ie: ':". ,,-....' -,; . " French Crep'e- 38/40", Royal Crepe or- Lady ·'.d~,<"ciI){ , 606 Shark Crepe 38/40, Spnn Rayon or Con~'; 'i -' Silk 1st 38/40", Bamboo- Skin Suiting 88/40!! 607 Spun Rayon or Congo Silk 2nd 28/40", ' . " Rayon Sateen 38/40" "-,' Georgette 36/38" 608 -Taffeta Plain 2nd 36/38", Taffeta Moire 2nd 609 36/38", Charmeouse Plain 36/38", Flat Crepe 36'" " . , . 501

-" .; ,-

,-

611

Foojiette (Japan) 29", Shioze 36" Flat Crepe (Japan)

512

Seda Fuji 26" . Seda Shioze 26"

610

'[ 17J


613

B~net

Seda ,washington. (Japan') 26", (Japan) 26"

.

RAYON PRINTED

Printed Georgette- 38/40"'" Printed Bemberg 40", Printed Jersey 36" Printed French Crepe 38/40"', Printed' Congo or Spun Rayon 38/40', Printed Seed Spun 38/ 40", Printed Duck Skin 38/40" 554 Printed Sand· Crepe 38'" 121---'--.....,.----"51>1> --.:eri.nted.J<'lat 'Crep~ or Lilian Crepe 36' 556 Printed Shioze 36"; - .' ' , 551 552 653

4.32 4.20 3.84 3.48

3.18 2.52

MEN'S UNDERSHIRT W /HALF, SLEEVES W/BUTTONS .~ , :'~ '.' 1001 1002 1003 1004

Radio, President, Piiia or Perubian cotton quality Ganza, Magnet _ Green Peas. Lighter, Race, Magpie, Golf, Submarine, Volleyball Salva Vida, SRi Ligaya, Kidde Kar, Carrera, G1obo, Buoy , Cuttle Fish, JumP. Swim, Football, & any other brand ', , '•

Chin. ....

~!.

"---

- . . . , ....

1'4.80 1.95 1.75

l AO

YOUTH'S UNDERSHIRT W / HALF SLEEVES W / BVTTONS ' ~

iOll 1012

Ganza, Magnet • , - . l ' - ! - . } _ . ~ .~~ ~ , :~' L igbter. l,ion . Junk, Eru!-le. Tuba. Golf. Stairs. Volleyball, Jump, Dragonfly, Magpie, Gold Lion, & . any other brand _ .::;':. . .

"'_=,! ,.'

1~31>1.00

CHILDREN'S UNDERSHIRT W / HALF SLEEVES W/BUTP?NS 1021 1022

Ganza, Magnet Banana 'I1ree, Stairs, SUnshine, Lighter, Twin Lions" Swim & any other brand (The same as all above items but with long sleeves, add 10% to the correspon~ origi~al prices~ ,

1.10 0.85

MEN'S SANDO UNDERSHIRT

1103

Phoenix, Lily Estrella, Eagle, Magnet. Volleyball, B a t , Ca rrera. Deer, Rondo : Submarine. Junk, Diamond, Buoy, Ligh ter. sip". Race, Salva Vida, ' Owl, JumP . Cuttle Fish, .I.: any other brand

2.52

1.50 1.15

YOUTH'S SANDO UNDERSHIRT ~

1111

Race. Ngo Hong . Diamond. Sipa . Mrumet. -Jum P. Volleyball, Estrella, Owl, Ligbter, & any other brand

0.80

CHILDREN'S' SANDo UNDERSHIRT

... ~

--

Owl, Race, Jump, Magnet. Train, Volleyball, Carrera.. & aIlJC other brand ~,

0.60

MEN'S TANGO " (R-NECK,rV-NEOK)' UNDERSHIRT -_

Eagl~ Lio~

Swim, ~o, -;~~~. E~ El Miliciano, Axmy Navy, Lighter, Kingswear, & any other' brand < '_~-",;~, ..."r .'"

G;lf,

, [18J

:-

1.70


YOUTH'S TANGO (R-NECKjV-NECK) UNDERSHIRT 1211 Lighter, Miliciano, Kingswear, Eagle, Boulevard 1212 . - Fish. Salva. Vida. Violet, Banner; Squirrel, Train. Ngo Hong, Lapiz, Magnet, & any other b;rand _

1.30 '0:85

CHILDREN'S TANGO (R:oNECK/ V-NECK) UNDERSHIRT .1221 1222

Lighter, Sportwear, Kin~s';'e';"', Bowling Papaya. Lobster. Green Peas. Carrera. Salva Vida, Fish. V iolet. Banrrel'. Junk. Ngo Hong, Magnet, Lapiz, & any other brand

Pl.20 0.65

MEN'S KNITTED POLO SHIRT 1301

2.70

Ki ngswear . L ighter & any other brand

Y OUTH' S KNITTED POLO SHIRT 1311

Lighter . Clipper. Sportshin. Kingswear. Estrella, Bowling. & any other brand

1321

Kingswear, Estrella, & any other brand

1401 1402

Kingswear. Wing Kong, Deer, Lee Yung, Estrella Clipper, Boulevard. Cupid. Commonwealth, Lighter, Miliciano, Sport & any other brand

CH~LE>REN'S

1.50

KNITTED POLO SHIRT 1.20

MEN'S COTTON SWEATERS 4.80 3.60 _

YOUTH'S COTTON SWEA'J1ERS 1411 1412

Kirin. Boulevard. Golf Eagle. ENJ)ress, LiY3.I,lg. Cupid, Lee Ynn Mill, & any other brand

3.00 1.95

CHILDREN'S COTTON SWEATERS 1421

Eagle. Twin, Lions, Express, Wu Feng, & other brand

1501

De Lu:'Ce #30/7801/7802, Lenix #74/20, Gold Medal # 47/l!6. PenlOnality #23/12, & all Interwoven Socks Bicycle. Horseman. Sweepstakes, Kwong Ming, #500 BBB. Flying Eagle, Telephone #C, Great Shanghai # 840. Pagoda, Atlanta # 152/ 154, Globe. Chevalier #WR-C/WR-I0/WR-20, Corona # 777, & any other br and

any

1.20

MEN'S SOCKS

1502

1.80

- 0.85

I:.ADY'S COTTON & RAYON SOCKS _ 1511

Telephone #730/ 1820/1929/ 750/ 480. Bicycle Laste.." Top #IC/ LR/-NL-l, & . any_ other

BOY'S & CHILDREN'S SOCKS 1521

Sweepstakes #40/50 / 60, Telephone #40/60/70. Bicycle #40/50, Globe #260, Kwong Ming #270, . & any other brand

0.35

GIRL'S SOCKS 1531

Phoenix, Elastic Top. BBB #100, Diamond #100, & anY other brand

[19]

0.55

I

II -


I

COTTON TOWELS '

~

8.60 Z.OO_ 0.85 0.36 0.40

:~~

Bath Towel, size 26" x 48'" and above - Bath To.wel, size less than 26'" :II: ~'" 603 Face Towel. size less than 13" x 13" 60~ - Square Towel. size less than IS" x IS'" All kinds of Textile Face Towels .

"

[: 702

['" 1801

~802

1803 1804 1805

I

# ~90!,

MEN'S & LADIES' HANDKERCHIEFS Aristocrat (Men's) si~e less than 18" x ll:"" __ _ Shirting, Opal & Perlin Printed or Plain. size less than 18" x 18" Shirting. Opal & Perlin Printed or Plain, size les.!' than 12" x 12'"

BED SHEErS, COUNTERPANE

0.10

_

Woven Bed Sheets, size 72" x 90" and above Woven Bed Sheets, size less than 72" x 90" Woven Bed Sheets, size less than 6S" x 78" B-;d Sheets of Shirting & Sheeting, size 72" x 90" and above Bed Sheets of ·Shirting & Sheeting, size less than 7~' x 90"

12.00 9.00 5.40 6.S6 4.74

COTTON BLANKET

Size 60" x 78" & kbove; Weight more than 1.6 Kg. # ~902, Size Less Than 60" x 78" ; Weight less than 1.6 Kg. #190S, Siie Less Than 64" x 75"; 'Weight less than 0.960 Kg. # ~904. Size Less Than 45" x 70"; Weight less than 0.600 Kg. Weight about 0.230 Kg. # 905, Size Baby's Blanket,

16.80 18.20 7.00 5.00 2.00

COTTON SEWING THREAD ~001

2002

~003

~ 004 2005

~006

2007

l2,OOO 6,000 2,000 1,000 500 100 40

yards/ Cone yards/Ci:one yards/Cone yard/ Cone yards/Cone yardS/Cone yards/Ball (160 Balls/pkg.)

"

(Pkg.) (Ball)

7.60 4.00 1.60 1.00 0.80 0.36 8.00 0.05

COTTON TWINE 2060

0.90

Ball

COTTON CROCHET 2070

Ball

2080 2081

4-Ply, 1-S/4 Ibs./Gone S-PIy, 1-1/2 lbs./Cone

COTTON PACKING

0.25 T~D

7.60 6.90

MEN'S SHIRT, LONG SLEEVES 2201 2202 220S

(Jacket. Jumper. Cutter Shirt. Sport Shirt) Broadcloth # 200, # SOO & Similar QualitY Broadcloth #'400, #600 & Similar Quality Broadcloth # 800, # 1000 & Similar Quality .

[20]

4.80 6.64 6.60


(350; - 8000; lOO Madrigal) -

a;'" .

~4

:-~

_(2.20; 2.45:

.230~

2302 ..,,2303 2304230-5 2306

_...

1~-

B-oz.!

~..

.

~ '~ t·;

_,

~ q

-.- . ...

-

Broadcloth #200, -#300 '" Similar Quality '" SiiniJar Quiillty -"" - " Broadcloth :#800, #1000 '" Similar Quality

BlOadclOth : #400, ' #60Q

West Point,_ !-,, ' _ Congo Silk. Khaki Drill, Oxford .1aekton Spun Cordacool. Sharkskin or other Skin Cloth

-

~ -

. 6.00 y-

8.40

PS.60 4.50 4.92 10.80 7.20 14.40

-BOY'S SHIRT, HALF SLEEVES 2401 2402 2408 24!l4 2406

Broad~ "j 2QO, #300 '" S~1ar Quality -Broadcloth_.#400, #600 & Similar Quality ~ ~ Broadcloth #800, #1000 & Similar Quality 001180 -Silk.~-Khak:i, Drill, OXford. .1ackton __ -'_ West

POint ~

,-

3.00 3.60 4.20 4.20 7.80

_

MEN'S LO G PANTS

- -.-

-

J

~lue Dailiii-

2503 2504

nd Class (85-0; 3000; 4000 Madrig,.I) '" S~. Quality _ _' Blue Denim st Class- (2.20; 2.46; !!-oz.) '" §!milar Quality Khaki Drill West :Point '" All Skin Cloths -

2601

Blue -D~

2601 2502

MEN'S

2602 2603 2604

SHi'

T PANTS '-

,-

West

-',

(3-6~'; ';~~O; 4OO0~ ~~d~)

d rna;" '" Similar Quality , ' Blue Deniin<' - Class (2.20, 2.46. !!-oz.) - & Similar Qua lity Khaki Drill

7.44 10.20 10.80 15.00

,

4.80

--' 6.36 6.60 9.00

Poin~ ~ •.

-" ' l

S~~RMLNTS FOR BOYS BEL~W :. ,-

2701 2702

MEN'S ' 2801 . 2802

-,

Khaki Drlii"j~

westpruni

i

3.20 6.00

~~Lr -_

Khaki or Drill .

rest_P~fl-ec~~.A1I

15.00 21.60

Skin -Cloths

_ _ _ _ _ _~~-_:MEN' ::c:_~S___:: O~~~ ~, 2811 Blue Denim ~r Kh,!'ki . CAMISA

2901

Voil~.

DE i

CHINO

Simii:E~'ty Opal,

atiste, Broadcloth:

9.84

#200~ #300

2902 ' B~adc1oth_ # 00-#600 & Similar Quality-290S-- Broadcloth # 00-#1000 & Similar Qwility 2904 2nd CIass ~n Foojiette, Shioze--::... 1st CIass Ray n Georgette, Crepe 2906

· [21]

&

4.30 6.00 5.50 5.00 6.95


WOMEN'S DRESS, ONE PIECE

',- "-

.:

'"

-"

--:P, 6.00 7.5-0 10.20 10.80 13.20 18.00

3001 3002 3003 3004 3005 3.006

Broadcloth #200, #800 & Similar Quali~ Broadcloth #400, #600 & Similar Quality Broadcloth #800, ' #1000 & Similar Quality - 2nd Class Rayon Foojiette, Shioze 1st Class Rayon Congo, Crepe, Georgette ' Sharkskin & Any Other Skin Cloth

3101 3102 3103 3104 3106

Broadcloth #200, #800 & Similar Quality Broadcloth # 400, # 600 & Similar Quality Broadcloth #800, ' #1000 & Similar QUality 2nd Class Rayon Foojiette, Shioze 1st Class Rayon Congoâ&#x20AC;¢. Cre~e. Georgette

8201 3202 3203 3204 3205

Broadcloth #200, #300 & Similar Quality , Broadcloth #400, #600 & Similar Quality Broadcloth #800, #1000 & Similai Quality , 2nd Class Rayon Foojiette, Shioze -" ..." j 1st Class Rayon CongO; Crepe. Georgette

3301 3302 3303 3304 3305

Broadcloth #200, #300 & Simi~ QUality " Broadcloth #400, #600 & Similar Quality Broadcloth #800, #1000 & simiIa.'i Quality" 2nd class Rayon Foojiette, Shioze 1st class Rayon Congo, Crepe Georgette

GIRL'S DRESS, ONE PIECE (6 TO 13 YEARS)

-

5.0'0 '6.S0 7.00 7.00 10.80

DRESS FOR CHILDREN 2 TO 5 YEARS 8.50 4.80 5.00 5.00 6.00

; _,BAB~ DRESS (BEL<}W 2 _YEARS~ .

- ::J'f ,

:::;

~

2.80 "S.OO 8.60 8.60 4.20

.

BABY DRESS, COMBINATION 3401 3402 3403 3404 3405

Broadcloth #200, #800 & Similar Quality Broadcloth #400, #600 & Similar Quality Broadcloth # 800, # 1000 & Similar Quality 2nd class Rayon Foojiette. Shioze 1st class Rayon- Congo, Crepe, Georgette

1.60 2.00 2.80 2.%5 8.00

WOMEN'S CLOTH & BLOUSE ' 3501 350 ~

:1 50S 3504 3505 3506

3601 3602 3603 3604 8605 3606 8701 3702

Broadcloth #200, #300' & Similar QualitY- '. , Broadcloth #400, #600 & Similar Quality Broadcloth :# 800, # 1000 & Similar Quality 2nd class R ayon Foojiette, Shioze 1st class Rayon Crepe, Georgette Sharkskin or Any Other Skin Cloth

r

~

6.527.02 10.20

COA T & BLOUSE FOR GIRLS BELOW 13 YEARS Broadcloth #200, #300 & Similar Quality Broadcloth #400, #600 & Similar Quality ,~, -~ Broadcloth #800, # 1000 & Similar Quality ~,~ 2nd class Rayon Foojiette. Shioze fo.: 1st class Rayon Crepe. Georgette Sharkskin or Any ,,,, 0ther Skin Cloth -~ "

-

"

-.

....

r __

8.70 6.22 5.70

~~.\C1L1 ...

WOMEN'S SKIRT .. ( :-, c .. ~.-~ :i":. ~~~ -1:: Broadcloth #200-#800 & Similar Quality . , Broadcloth #4~0-#600 &. Similar' Qualiti- ~t2'~"': ~ .

..

~

2.90 8.50 8.85 8.80 ' 6.70 8.16 -.r"! .t~

8.40


370S' -~" ' Brodcloth '#800-#1600 &: Similar Qu;lity - 8704 ' 3705 : 3706

;: ': C

2nd class RaYQ!l-Foo~iet!:"" Shloze . 1st .class Rayon Crepe. Georgette Sharkskin or AnY ' Other Skin Cloth .

i 5.16 3.95 '6.36 · 9.00-

.LADIES :~HEMISE ("CAMISON.") . 8901 3902

Broadcloth, 200-300-400, N ansu, Batiste, Op'al Shioze. Foojiette

2.64 8.12

GIRL'S CHEMISE ("CAMISON") 3951 3952

Broadcloth, #200-#300-#400 N a n su. Batiste, Opal Shioze, Foojiette

·P1.75 2. 5~

PAJAMAS FOR ADULTS 4001 4002 4003 ,· 4004

Broadcloth, #200-# 300 & Similar Qua li ty Broadcloth # 400- #600 & Similar Quality 2nd class Rayon Foojiette, Shioze Manhattan Broadcloth, #800-10 00 & Sim ilar Qual ity

r 9.00 10.30 11 .';0 12.00

PAJAMAS 'FOR YOUTHS 4101 4102 4103 ' 4104

Broadcloth #200-#300 & Similar Quality I;lroadcloth # 400-# 600 & Similar Quality 2nd Class Rayon Foojiette, Shioze Manhattan Broadcloth #800-1000 & Similar Quality

3.96 4.44 4.32 - 5.40

DRAWERS FOR MEN - 4201 4202

Nansu. Broadcloth #200-#300 & Similar Quality Broadcloth #400-#600 & Similar Quality

1.45 1.70

DRAWERS FOR WOMEN 4211

4212 4213

Nansu. Broadcloth #200-#300 & Similar Quality Broadcloth #400-#600 & Similar Quality Foojiette. Shioze

1.60 1.85 1.85

. DRAWERS FOR BOYS 6 TO 13 YEARS 4221 4222

. Broadcloth #200-#300 & Similar Quality Broadcloth #400-# 600 & Simila1' Quality

1.10 1.25

DRAWERS FOR GIRLS 6 TO 13 YEARS

I

-l

4231 4232 4233

Broadcloth #200-#300 & Similar Quality Broadcloth #400-#600 & Similar Quality' Foojiette. Shioze

4241

Broadcloth #200-#300 & Similar Quality Broadcloth #400- #600 & Similar Quality Foojiette, Shioze STRAPS

1.10 1.25 1.25

DRAWERS' FOR CHILDREN BELOW 6 YEARS 4242 4243 4301

I.

BASIS FOR COUNTING POINTS TEXTILE

De.cription 1. Less than 31 inches of width 2. . Less than 45 inches of width 3. More than 45

[23]

I

\

0,90 1.00 1.00 0.40

Unit per yard .

Point 9 10 18


I

I

••

When lining or accessory materials are furiUshed by the tallor in making men's suits, with the clothing material 8UPPl!ed by the customer, the ration system works thus: (a) ('b) (c)

II. 1.

2.

S. 4.

5. 6. 7.

8. 9. 10. 11.

12. 13.

14. 15.

One suit One coat One pants

Lining material for

CLOTHINGS

Men's suit Coat Long pants Short pants Working clothes Polo Shirt (!Jne-piece lady's dress Two-piece , " .. Blouse Skirt Children's and school children's clothes, one-piece (for 6 to 13 year old) Children's and school children's clothes. two-p iece Children's and school children's clothes, hlouse or shirt Children's and school children's clothes. pants or skirt, including bloomer style Infant and baby dresses, baby cApe and clothes (for below 5 years old)

111.

per suit

per piece Pt;; P~

U

lmit

piece

.-

UND~W~R GARMENTS

Long-sleeve shirt, including longsleeve polo shirt 2. Ca misa de chino 3. H a lf-s leev e shirt and polo sliirt 4. Knitted polo shirt 5. Underwea r (knitted o~ manufactur ed of t ex t ile ) 6. S w eater. jacket, jumper 7 . U n derpants, trous er, bloomer 8. Men ' s strap 9. Chemise 10. Pajama. bath t:Obe. night gown II. Socks or stockings 12 . Handkerchief. inClu d ing towel cloth han d kerchi ef 13-. Hand Rnc .bath to wsl ( s-:naU)

-

: ~- .

1.

c ... . "'?~· h ia 1"!j·:et. B aby bla.nker. Bath toweJ (l a rge ) Cotton sewi n g threed ( 4 0 yds.) Cotton sewing t hread <. 100 y ds. ) B er:

pair

s~'1~e t. ~~ n ri

0n t- ~ p le ('~

5. 6.

V .

1.

2. S.

.. roll

v aAL P OIN T & T el RE M EMBER

In case of an order fo r tailoring only in which the clothing m aterial is supp lied by _the cu stomer, the tailor shall rece;.ve t he n ecessary points o f t he Fation ticket corresponding to a full or h a lf lin in g a :; the case nUIY b e. In case of a point t raction, it shall be counted as one point. In case of used clothes, p oints shall be counted on tfie same basis as new ones. .....

[24] ...t~q,. :.-~~


4. Affai'rs Concerning the- Philippine Exec'utive Commission.

SECTION

OFFIGE OF THE CHAIRMAN OF THE EXECUTIVE COMMISSION ~1ALACA~AN P Ah;CE BY THE CHAIRMAN OF THE E XEC"l -rIVE CO''.IMISSION DECLARIN.G- T~-:1 LR S D.';' Y ?I'IOR _,a~G, MAY 03, 1943 AN D FRID AY ~-'l. FTERNO ON, lL~Y 7, 1943 SPECIAL PUBLIC HOLIDAYS. WHEREAS, May 7 is of historic significance in Philippine annals because it was on this day a year ago that the victorious Imperial Japanese Forces climaxed their brilliant military campaign in the Philippines with the 's uccessful capture of the island fortress of Corregidor; WHEREAS, since the fall of this bulwark of American imperialism in the Orient, peace and order has . been gradually and steadily reestablished in the Philippines; WHEREAS, it is of paramount importance that. the Filipino people should realize the urgent necessity of completely restoring and maintaining peace throughout the country¡ so that every Filipino can devote his full time, attention and energy in cooperating actively towards the speedy accomplishment in" the shortest possible time of our program of economic reconstruction and social rehabilitation under the henevolent guidance of the Imperial Japanese Forces, thereby enabling the Philippines to become a worthy member of the Greater East Asia Co-Prosperity Sphere, and thus merit the honor and glory of independence so generously promised by the mighty Empire of Japan. -

Now, THEREFORE, by virtue of the authority vested in me as Head of the Central Administrative Organization by Order No.1 of the Commander-in-Chief of the Imperial Japanese Forces in the Philippines, I -hereby de-

[25]

.-

.)


clare the morning of Thursday, May 6, 1943, and the afternoon · of May 7, 1943, special public holidays to enable public officials and employees and the public in geE-eral to take part in the ceremonies to be held at the New 'Luneta on thes~ days, on May 6th in thankSgiving for everything that the Great Japanese Empire has done for the · Philippines and on May 7th in commemoration -of the Fall of Corregidor and the reestablishment of -. - - peace and order. I eall upon all· residents of Manila to display the Flag of the Rising Sun on May 5, 6, and 7, 1943, in their homes and offices in- connection with these celebrations. Done in the City of Manila, PhilippiDes, this 4th day bf May, 1943. (Sgd.) JORGE B. VARGAS Chairnian 'of the E xecutive Commission

EXECUTIVE ORDER - NO .. 151 , INCREASING THE SPECIFIC TAX ON FERMENTED.. - LlQUORS ArnD AMENDING FOR THIS PURPOSE SECTION THREE OF EXECUTIVE ORDER NO. 68. Pursuant to the authority conferred upon me as Head of the Central Administrative OrgaNizat ion by Order No.1 in connection with Order No.3 of the Commander in-Chief of. the ImperialI JapaNese F0rces iN t he P h ilippines and upon the reeomrnendation of th e Ex ecuti,-e Commission, it is hereb~- or del"E'G thatSECTION 1. Section 3 of Execu.tin: Order ~;o. 138 b;:sc. July 28, 1942, is hereby a mended -:0 :"2&cl as :ollov.-,,: "Sec. 3, Speei.ji.c tax 0'11 fet"lnent ed ilqu01's,- On beer, lager beer, ale, porter, and other fer mentecl liquors (except tuba, basi, tc. pu~- , - ana similar domestic fermented liquors )", t here shali be collected, on each liter of volume ca}!lacity, thirty cen~a vo s, " - SEC. 2. This Order shall take effect

01'1

May 1. 1943.

Done Tn the City of Manila, Philippine~ t his 4th day

[26]


, 'to own -, ._"', ' tlement and ,Jlf Jan-ds, a~qui.red - r.:.: '!i\ 'fr.om .the Goy.ern1nent ;0r ;from ;:-private- ;persons; :t9 • '~-.k ••"!.enc.ouragemigfatiQn.to ~~ai&~~· \POPul~ted re~oJ)s C .~ -.: "l. 'j to , pz:ganize ~nd~1:4bIj$ht f)9.g11icJ1lt~.!l1 ~cooperative - ~' .', .• iJ:'~ssQciatiOnsaiia -to -:provj4e or ~seCure credit jacHi.:- = _ - =t" l ;i~es .JheJ;'efor ;"':tQ:.JnaJlage or .se~ the JaJ)ded, ~sta,ies . ,- tliat may be acguired.J ,rom prtva~e owners;1 t.o ae~~.- .•..lyelop,.::.ijew ,money .,crops; ·to supervise the operation, maintenance and construction ~ jrrigation systems in th,e, Philippines; and to , !nvesi igate, "~'l'j stuqy, "aiid- .fepO'¥tf~pOri 'Ithe"--c'Qndition"oi th~'Plant _ -'! . '- iteso6rces!~~ithe· Philippi~es?:their1 Improved' 'ID~tt~ ods of prod'!lction and care', the causes oJ danger'1"-;'.i'dlu~, ico~~~~I~jfll.~~.G~nd A~el}S.~.i~on$ them and the meaJi~;J!?~ ~e~"p~.~eriy~n ,an.q cure of the , , same; and, in general, p promote the develop~'~ "-:l Lment ':of , thEdrgm<:ultural .industrie~ .~~f;, t?: country and the welfare ~ o-f:t e rural 'commumtIes and ;~' [ •-~. ... ponulation. F · ')~f" "e\lr'''f5'f)'f"lJ -," ~-,..-- r·-·l ~ / • ·-:·"'· ... ~.;~'S~c.- ~. ') lftreau :'(t[ ~n~~ ~ lndus.try.-----;-Th~

I'

'-

'. '. " "

f;~ ," 'JuriH!ont tl1~ i his, p~~~u :~h~il.: h.E{'Jp ' 1?'f~e~ii~!!~\~:

. study aJid report upon thf_condltIon oJ the ammal resources, in .the ~hilippiIles: tlie~ilmpto~ed' 'fueth~ o~ ~.~ ·ro.ds,.of , preechng -~d_ eare" the causes of dangerous ~;l t'f ,«wm!luWcaQle J~ts. ~Q9: ..~i§~~ '~OBg -them , and (,~qH;,th~JII~fR!" Mle.mr~v:~tlQn ~nd.;cuiJ."e <;If the same ; ~'-~l,....~nd,. }n. ~.g~~aIt~",f);lr9,~te~e de,;;elopmen~ -,of i) ,f, .the Ji.iV~t;,ock..:.il!4usf,;ry.!9.f..J;he ,co~try. ,; 'Y)'..£"'i" ',., _ ''' ~~C • . 1:. Tb.i.!> ,Qr~eJl s.haU ~ ta}{e 'e ffect on its approval _ by-- the . COJIlDlil:P.der:-in~Jef ,,of ·Ute Imperial _Japanese

Fo~~~~ 'i~ t'~'; Cit;:~f ~~~ii~'ip~iii~;i~e~:' t~i~' ~th: da~

. - of May, 1943. .' ~- , ,<,,'; - " , ,~ .' '. ". " •.-:: (SEd:t=:.loR E---B:--"VARGAS I - Chairman 'of. t •e Executive 'Commission • t . APPROVED by the ,', ,d" 1:;;' ,'_ ., ", ,', Comuutnder-in-CMef of -the mi>erial .. . ~:J apane's-e Forces..tin ~th.e -Ph 'lippines ' n"

,

,-

',"-

, " .:."

'

-<; .'

'T

-oil May '8,

I--~

1 I

1943. ~·~ '~ii~

[29]


L

FIXING MAXIMUM PRICES FOR AND 'FINGERLING$,

Pursuant to the author ity conferred upon of the Central Admi,n istrative , Or'gani2:at iloD! No.1 in connection with Order No.3 of the v,o.mll[JaJllUI~C­ in-Chief of the Imperial J:ap3ineseForces ippines, and upon ,the recommendation ''''F-+'h-rl'-~VlD;"Tl1K'U'''-------.! Commission, the following rules and ing the _market price of bangos fry , and UllilSl'''·UJ.JI!>'' hereby promulgated, for the information of' all concerned: ' , 1. 'rhe following maximum selling prices set !o~.bango~ , f ry (kaw~g-Icawag)' and 'UJ.IS"'~~"'J.JL!SD tirin) ,:, "r _<;. ~,,,,,, hW ".l'. """1 ..._ . ' ',"I<~' ." • i~-'" l ...r:.......- l,r" ;.;t .,.t",'t:,, .. . -~' ' (a) Bangos ri-y : (kalVag-ka~ag)~:;'iiot"~ :t4;'!exc~ iL.: - , . ' P5.00 per thousand; and .1"::.:' ~ ~ ..!£ _ "

_

~~t):

:::".

,

~

......

'~"1

....

.....,.:

"Yi i

~ \"' J. ,<- ,_~~_":!.

l~-:~;.--:::.-'14

.1.

& ~).

....IJiJ.,,~

:

~;:! ..... .:--

.

.

(b) Bangos. fingerlings :. (hatirin)-:-not t~t-=exceed­

P15.00. per thousancL;{ftS7;

:<::r. •. 'J3:}.

;3U : .. ". . '"

2. No pangos fry; or fingerlin~ sh_all b~ s~J~jn 'hcess of the prices set in this Order: ' All "concessidnnaires of, and persons dealing in, bangos frY: or flngerlihgs;: should ,j~>.L,o;" , , " be ' uided b this Order:;' '" ': ';-. '.,,,,:

~!'F~~

~~ose ~i ~~~~;~~~~ ~~~-~~o:li~~:f~f j

'"

...

". th: this Order, provincial gove:ritoFs~ provinchiI' treasu;ters, city mayors{ city trea~u.rerst muniCip~[. m~~6rsJ~~n~cipal , treasurers, and forestry o~ fishery" offIcerS! 3ir~1iereby designated as deputieg -of"-the 'Director of For es€iy-and Fisher y. In the enforcement of this Order: the deput ies designated herein shall' act ' in- aecOl~dance with' th~ instructions of the Directo~ of Forestry and Fisliery/ '7.

.

_..._,: 'f" ' ,_ I:" ~

L.

'"

;.'

~

.> . .:

-t"':3. ~:~ !:;:, ~l

.

4. All orders, rules, regulations, circulars and ~!3t~~,.- . tions, or parts thereof, inconsistent wi,t h the provisions of this Order~ ~are' her_~~_. eby _~'revoked"\",'t1i, ~,~..fl....;" .; -; ....... . 0;~ ...,,-.£. • '-~_~ .;.~.;.~ •

.:_

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.: ~ •.1" .• ~ )'EXECUTIvE ~~OlRD:ER .'- ~

. . ,~;;4fi . ,~-:f

":;~,!1 ".. H't ~

1'HE 'D.."rey.c.m'D"~9'~,,,,Y'~' . , HICLES OR: .PAR~:" ",£i''''.u....,._..,,,,~~~~

RE.QU1RI~,q

,

. . "::~ ~URPOSES. , . ~~cr.

'.""; ,.!1~:! .~l .~'·I'Tf~H.. ~ i ,·~.ftp",~¥;. · ~>

,WHEREAS,

the records

~';.,_~ ". or parts thereof are". '. '" -. war, ~adequate\;.z; ani:f~ •

-

\\7 .... ), ,," -..i...!..!..!)

;

'! I

.iJ.~ ~.-

... .:.l. -

-,:': .:·• ..WHEREAS. in-ord~r

to

vehicles siill-' available . - . '!. used in the future as~J,l~!,~~!~§.llt~ .'-- ' -jision !Day ,warrant, """·'t. ''''u'']a ''''~uJ,..~.~

,,-

.

mendation of th~ Executive ordered that.

sECrio~ i. -AU;person~ (Jthe .....~......,. and Navy." and the Executi~e their' pta!!ehes-; : ~ ' . sions. excepted)" are required to

1_-

[3il

·ii~~eli~a:


I'

~ _

I

hicle~ and parts' andl , the.repfi' except. Jm~tp):;.. - vehicles now, provided with permanent permits td oper~:_ ale; in their possessio.n as-.nwne.r~administrators or under any other as- soo.n as ,possible out, no.t: later "tJ:1.a~ . Ju!\e ~O" 1~~3.. the Bure8:1;1 , of ~ubHc Services in the case of of the City of' ~anila, with the City Mayors' for "of chartered': L. _ other than Manila" _and wipt_...tl:JLe_I:e::ipecti~XlLlll'irulli!,;L_-,--1 Goyernors fori. resi,4en,ts .. - for this purpose shall be " -;'(>11 ..".11 I:[,OIU:~lLl!e tio.ned official~. , _.- ,~ ...} , J . G. : SEQ. ~~, Th~ reg!str~ further order, apply to provinces and cities in the r~" "- islands of Luzon, Masb"af,ef rttc - ' : the date of-registration for other provihces:and'ci6'es ' ~.,"- ' -'f ~ to. be announced later'PI :.,>':h;:'fmfjJ.,:·~..!~;{~U ~ ~!rk ::-t~c.. ~ SEC. 3. Any p~rson faili'ng to r~~rJ~r t~e~'t~hr~fe~::-~-,~. and parts and accessories thereof in his posse~s~o.n as ~t:... herein requi:r~ ~h¥l 1?e l'!ujbje~t; to: a' -~E[ . of 'not mo.re ~, '!'~~ t~~ W:t~ ,~e~o~.1"~oL ~~~~ ~.f~e?:se ;:!.ld_.~ay _be~ Tde~~~:«!.

..

r

~~ ;

-',

fr~~ ~~~. tt~l!~ae.!I~l!;. .~'~~t. ~ t~e;,.~ep,tFa!;.~dp;_H~~~!~tI:V& OrganIzatIon ' concernIng- v IcleS'.f! . , :" -' ':::.!l~ ,, ', _

, DOI).e in the City of ):\'lani, a, Phiiippine~~ffil~ la11- d~y . .o.f.' May; 1943T> 1., • , .. ,;" j:.v~ ~ ~' Q ,eb'!F~1 ~:1J .Gpm-U-':' Jr" " ••~i"{l ' ."~L '...z" ~, J." ;J t " >" I~" "'.,,, '1 .""",","'< 'L~""" <.,«. ~:-. ~ (Sgd'. ) ORGEf:Q: . VARGAS~,: 'rr:-:1'~-'~ ; :' - Chai,r man 0 the E~cutt-vt com1nissiOn -.-

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J

"-i1! ~ (!

-

th,. b

~.i·",1(1!1t{1~ ",-hrl t.i '4'flyrV ITf .~.J;:!!'f~tl'li;'

~rbfr~ I.' ~leJ~~~J'offh~ !; ~;i it: ~icits-;.$, ,!#:t.; ~~;1)i~ , Ja a d' ~ "M1litar ; Ad~ihi~t'f'itf J'~S ~-wro'i , 1£ '! i f-.~ - o;,P~'fW'i3~' 1943~ ' ....~': _' -.. ' ", ~ "ri"!t;ThoW ·~£W! Q.(;2,....-t .-. 4

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.

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AMENDIN~:CERTAIN< .SElGT,]iONS ,~ EXECl1TlVE! '"!1,

ORDER

NO~

109 DATED:,DECEMBER"'4;",: 1942,

. . SO AlS','TOr AT:f1'HORIZEr,TH-E: EST'ABLIS'HfMEN"PJ; ,

~:s:.

'- OrA

OR KA""LIBAPI AND- THB~APP()DNT-') __


:. N o'L i .m~cphln~:tiOln, ~'ithif:Qr~qeI~~!pi:13t!JlfJhJik.oOmllllallder:' izi~cniet.fef'

.,:.-:

~he .-C·l.....· " l ··'"

ippines,:aiid upon :.tbe recomni~dation of ,the: lE~ecutiv,e .j: '. . . Commission 'after consultation with -the Ad~sQty: BOl1rd t.:- ·i·-:;:,,: of the KALIBAPI it is -hereby ordered that- . ~ ~'J-tU~ _i..i"; .. -,~_t-:;".\+.1~ ~1 ;.0.

.Iv!.l~J'S?!~. ·;;-. .

~Ll i.

. j -..........-

.::

. ,]-'11"...

'SECTIo~ USection '4 'of Executlve' Order No. 109. dated

Deceiilbei- 4, -l942, d snereby. amended to read as follows: ~

~ rr~~-

-1

.-f" -'-

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r..,,~:

. ,<~ : ,- "Se~. ~ AiJ,y;J~'H~pi!lo, not le~s ~h~ '18 years of · ~ge,"";w:ho"-identifies'J himSEM with J he ideals, 'aims · 1> ' ~;f.n~,.purp~s!i~. t~~A~~~~iation' ahd ~ho is ' of good . ......~.s~aing In.thfi\ P?mJRunity may qualIfy as a mem. '. ber thereof: Provided, h07jJey;er, That any Filipino, less _than 18 years- of age, who likewise believes ~ j.;,jn <the ideals, -aims and ptirJ>o1~s- of the Associa., · .~p. tion and wao is 'of 'goo-d standing iIi the community, " may also r alifi as a junior member thereof, and ; for this .p ~ose a Junior Kalibapi shall be estab.<r:"" lished." ~ . -.. :.' .~1J;f)h V:!i''';' II!, ' . ;_! -.. ' ...!',,' -' .

0t.

.~~c.·:23:;~~~i~ .~;r~~~~~~~ufi~:'o~~:~ ~~0.:cl~9 ~~ted December."-4, 19 , is -.hereoy amended to read as ' follow!;!':': ·11r.1 b ,l$ :",n .. r .ll!\lii-_ ~)jjJ I'J 1!<-l .J . ;-e .~\) c·, ... ·..-' -:::: .. ....... : ~ .:;. J ; 1 J 'r: ":~ rF!r:~ _ " ,11 7.J :- ' .:-_~~~ ' ; . : :. ::..,1· ... ' . r Sec .. 9. . .~e ?go~::rmnep.t 9,f,~ee afttpr~_ a,_~g. the promotIon of the alms a.n d purposes of the Asso.• 'J~r-ciation 'fib II ib e entriis1!ed "to ' the President with "' the assist nd~"bf -a ~Vice:Presiden t and ' DireCtor.:.'1 . General, an Assistant Director-General, an Adviso.:r • · _ ·-. ~.._.¢:.,~s>,af~:r-\\:~~~.1¥:C~~~i:.e_.,~t~{t<' . ~ ~ ~~':"~ . . ·SEc.:;3:'Sectron"'lO 'tif ExecutIve' Order N0. t09 cl'ated . Decemller 4,"1942, is*'h eYeby"ame nded ~t:o' read as"foliows : f"

-~iu";"'.!..:: ii i.:" ..~j.

·

;'

r

'/ ;~ t 3{' .j ,. -; • ~~: ;Y" ~" . J.n.sj,..j ?iS~c. : o1 0j ~e.,:>(4h~.~~m?-!1 Qf . the .,Exe(:ll.tix{! .co~­ :;; . J ~§§10~ ,shrY- eg;" of/'lc'lq be .an<t al'l.sU!De Jh~ . :dutIes 'J.:i~f._..the ; lfr'-l(~~!1:~~f .the -Al?!,ocj afion. ·~.HEl . !'hall iix -and deter~'ne the policies of th(!' Association with i-------'-I"' ---=Z~;,...t:the::-~i!:v.iGe ...~~ -?~~~~~a_nce ,~J. the, ,A9y~sory Boar~ . .i

1-

He . shall

. 'r.

..

t: ;~~2.~' .r"~; -. , ~

pomt, WIth. the approval of the Com-

m~l1der-in-Chief(,of . th,e ,lmpelj al J apan'ese ,FQrces,

-. '-- the Vic~' resident 'aM Dire~~ol;-General, ·the '1\s- . sistanl' Di ector-General, the-Chiefs of the bur eaus ' o:r.~f.ficJ!s of the A ssocia tioI}., . and four P irectors. ~ -, at-largEt· ··'i''-d- ( ~ i ·."-:i1-=-,-:;, .:~.

--=-

[38] '

, -:.........

'-


l

SEC. 4. There, IS hereby inserted under Ar cle VI, 'below Section 14 of Executive Order. No. 109 dated De- ' cember 4, 1942, a new sec.tlon to be known as Section ~ 14-A, reading as follows: :.' ~.. !:.: ~. ,' " -, -

-

- I

Sec. 14-A. The Assistant Di,r ector- neraI shall • i assist the . Director-General in the periprmance of his duties and the discharge o,f hisy esIfonsibilities and shall perform such. other duties-Or-iunctio'-LIn""s_ __ _-. " ,a s the Preside~t or ~he Vice:- Pr~~ident and pirec,- tor-General may assIgn to hIm.~ He sJiJ.all assume ~.. an-d discharge the powers, d'u ties, an~ J unctions of ' the Director-General in the absence -0 temporary " incapacity of the latter: " "

I

SEC. 5. S~tion- 16 of Executive 6rde~ No dated December. 4, 1942, is hereoy amended to read as-follows: " " . -- ;'::.., c: ": . ;,~ _, >,~l\:': "u" -;]: -

-109'

"Sec. 16. The Advisory Board shall heeomposed , of the Vice-President and Dir~tor-G/eneral, th~ _,. members-of the Philippine Executive_qoD~l.1mssion,,~ the Assistant Director-General, tlie Chliefs of bu-·= reaus or offices of the Asso~iation, aIM four Directors-at-large, who shall serve for tw4 years, unless sooner relieved by the President." I 'SEC: 6'. Secti;~ ' 18 of Ex~c~tive Order No. ' i09 dated

::

~:::~'~:::~:'Z.:h:S~::~::e~:~~l:s~~:r

ers of the Association shall.be vested in and dis'c harged by the- ·Executive Staff. At the head of,· the Staff shall be the Vice-President and Director- ' General, who shall be assisted by the Assistant Director-General, the Directors-at-large, and the ' Chiefs of the bureaus and offices of the Association who shall be directly responsible' ,to him." SEC. 7 ~ There is, hereby: inserted. WIder. Article IX, below Section' 24 of Executive Order N~ 109 dated December 4, 1942, a. n'ew section to be known as' Section 24-A, reading as follows: .~' - _ "--' -_ . . .

,

.

....

:~....

.

'

-

. -:' See. 24-k~ The Dli-eCtors-at-liirg~ shalf assist the Vice-President and Director-General in- the dis~F'

'. '" :... -=-

[341",.


-

-cenai ge -bf · and im;Dinistrative iunciM:.fdt io'Ds fir' suClt'manb.fuo' fand ~oh ' ~i.Ich 'm atters ~as thit- . "..1_ ,ilpresidentor the Vice-President and Director-Gen-' ," eral may determine. -, ':{-7<:-,.,,; ~,"!-' _

.~. "

~SEC. -8. This Order shall take effect upon its approval ,b y the ' Commander~n-Chief ' of- the ' Imperial Japanese

Forces in -the' Philippines: '!~ 1,- ;'"'" :~,> . ' ~",:i _I ~ ;~~;.--:, V,' lr~

. ...!.,;.'"

r-,! :.· t:; t';'" --:V --:

.

,

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- Done in the City of ¥anila, Philippines, this 18th day of May, 1943. '

-;.

- (Sgd.) JORGE B. VARGAS Chairman of the E x ew tive Com'mission Ap PROVED by the . Commandei-':'in: Chief of the Imperial - Japanese Forces in the Philippines - -' on May 18, 1943. ' ' ~ ! !.- ...... r. L'~'''': · i~L.!~p.'''.:::.; <. -:..";. ..

: ....

-

EXECUTIVE ORDER NO. 157 ON PRICE CONTROL OF COMMODITIES . ~~Pursuanl to the authority conferred upon me as Head 6f the Central Administrative Organization by Order No. 1 in 'connectio~ With 'Order 'No. 3 of the Commanderin-Chief of the imperial 'Japanese Forces in the Phii,ippines, arid upon .t he r ecommendation of the Exe.c utive . ' Commission, it is hereby ordered that- " ~ ", .,..: :·Cm:;.rEiI~R~guzatio1is~·Offenses and Penalti es ~},:","r:

-_:a'1i ;

n!i r .:...;:;.J'~

.,:;-.. . ~_L ·j ...1

l..!"'D~ ~.'

~_i.1"

'''

... ''''

, '__ ;

..

~ -.-,--:

- ~, SECTlON...!. For the purpose of "preventing lmy inordinate rise' in the price' of commodities, the Commissioner of Agriculture and Com!Derce is h~reby authorized: . . (a) To fix, from time to ~time, the ,m aximum prices at .which any and all commodities may' be sold or pur. chased (such maximum prices - being hereinafter called "official prices");· and - - -' ,'- - - / -- - ( b) ~Until the official prices are fixed for any commodity, to designate a certain date for a particular com:: modity; - and the provisional maXimum prices therefor (hereinafter called "designated prices") shall -be the prices qu~ted fOr su<;h commodity on 's aid date. The Commissioner of _Agriculture and Commerce may

[35]

I

I


delegate these powers to the Provincial GoverRors and the Mayors of Chartered Citie!) whenever in the d.isel'etion of said CommissioRer, such delegation should be necessary or proper. SEC. 2. Whenever any official or desi,gnated price shall conflict with the maximum prices prescriJbed at any time by the Director General of the Military Administration (hereinafter referred to as "military fixed prices"), the military fixed prices shall control. ,

. ....

SEC. 3. The measures taken by the C!emmissionep or Agriculture and Commerce, and by h,i s delegates pursuant to the provisions of section r hel'eof, .shall be publisheg and~ advertised in a sui,tabl'e maRner so /!.S to give ' no'tice thereof to as many persons as ' may be practicable. . •

-f:,,;:.

::

SEC. 4. The Commissioner of AgrieuJ.ture and Commerce or his delegates d1:l!ly authorized may, wlienever necessary for the purpose of controlling prices under this O:uder, require any public: offiCiaf"or private person, na.tural or ju.r idical, te sl,lbm~~ perti1!~,t data and information, alHI cause searches and examiRations .. of goods in stock, fuus·i ness affa:h~s, ' aeceuntin.g - books, invoices, or otl1er papers er artieles, to be made at all reasonable hens, by officials duly accredited, who shall exhibit certificwtes (j)f ideR,t iftcation ' and autl10rity before making the seaFch or exa'm i,na<iion. .-. .. , .....,~ ~

. .

..'-v .. .t>.

•..... ! ~"'~.6

SEC. 5. No commodities shall be sold or pl1rchased at prices in excess of the official or designated prices fixed . in 3C?cordance v. ith the pro~¥i&i Glns (o)f this Order, ,,(o)r' 'of t he ~1ilit ar:, flxed prices"prescribed by the Milital~Y Adn1in iStl'8.i iol}.

T his pro!iiLition sha ll apply to CONtracts all'eady perf ected cn the date of effectivi ty of the official, tilesignated 0 1' mili tary Fixed ~wrices :Eor the commodities in; vo1\'eo, if such oentr acts have Not as yet been C'0nsu;n~ mated by t he delivery of the articles sold or of ·the '_ . prices agreed U'pOR. -. ':. ;:~.r. SEC: G. The followin g acts are alsn

wrGlhifuited; .~ ,t :;,-;

(a.) Selling and PU17chasiong 'a'RY commedlties tor whicH; ~~x!mum prjc_es have b.ee:g ih;ed, i~ conibina,tion with

[36]

......,,:

.'

~'~ --~,;

..


. _ other -articles, objects or obl~¥at~ons. ~~s~, DJe,xj,n}.!W}..;. ;-price has not been prescribed, for the purpose o¥ evad- ~ ing- the prohibition ot. section 5 ·; v.i'.'-< C'lb~ A ~"'~:•

.., _

-,:

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"O r_ ::d~~!.

_, J

(b) Making use of or taking part in any

.:!{:!t"'r~~~

("

sch~me,

sub-, , tel'fuge, manipulation or combination ,lui the ~puipOse' of circumventing the prohibitions of thIs Ordezt. " " ili'! . i

(c) Refusing to sell or' eva'ding- or 'discontiriuiiig the-sale of commodities at the. official, designated or military fixed prices. . _.,!' : ' . J ,', •

( ~n Cornering or hoarding .commodities for the ·.purpose of obtaining un justifiable profits therefrom, -·even ' i f maxim um pr ices h ave not been fixed for such com'"" modities. F or the purposes of this Order, "cornering" shall mean the acquisition of commodities';with them- ~ t ent of creating, or tending to create, or effecting artificial scarcity thereof in the market, In order to airer prices ; and "hoarding" shall mean the keeping ' or' con- cealing of commodities in amounts or quantities in 'ex;. cess of the ordinary demands of trade or business. Y'~J-'-_ ~.

"

..

.:

.".......

':'-.-

Obtaining unjustifiable profits in the sale of commodities for which maximum prices have not been fixed; , .. ! - ~. -( '~~;' ~ . ~ . ' -J (i:'~ ... -'fr (e)

'~I

en

_

i'

~

.

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!.

_:- fJC:!:i.·!

Acting as agent, broker or. in.t~edi~ry in buying or selling commodities for the purpose of obtainiilg compensation disproportionate to tll.e !,.ervices rendered;., :ro.. :!--;'t: .(g) Con,niving or conspiring witJi "any ' othe.r,.persoi!. for th~ purpose of infring~ng or ,evadipg .in', any JPflI!-:., ner the provisions of this Order. 1"'~>-' • ,; i •

_ ,

-.

,

-

.,- ... . -

.'

-';,.,

• "'l

SEC. 7. Unless exempted by the Commissipner 01 Agri- ·_ culture and Commerce 9r ,br h~s delegates,. ,all ,pe~~o:Q~.. habitually engaged in tKe 's elling, dealing in; 'or<other:: ~ wise handling of commodities are hei.:ebY required to' affix price-tags to all such commodities lis' - p"ivn,~~-'--------1 for sale, and where maximum prices have be en fi.'{ed, the price-tags shall so indicate and such prices shall not be more than the maximum prices fixed . . They shall also post· in a conspicuous place at .the entrance Qf their stoxes a complete ·list, with the corresponding prices, 'of all the commodi ties being kept or offered -for sale or

[37]

.- - _ . -

.----------"'-=...!......~


-

II

oth~rJ~se

handied by them.

SEC. 8. Any person who violates the prOVISIons of sections 5 and 6 of this Order, shall, upon conviction, be punished by .imprisonment not exceeding five years . . or by a fine路 riot exceeding- fifty thousand pesos (P50,0@0.00), or both, in -the discretion of the court, 1T---:-witlLsUb.sidi.a:ry_inmrJ~o...nment in-=-cas~ of insolvency. Any commodities involved in the otfense shall be subject to confiscation. If confiscation cannot be made according to the provisions of the Revised Penal Code, because of路 intervening rights of persons acting in good faith, the offender may be required to forfeit to -the Government a sum equivalent to the value of the commo-dities in.volved. .' . _~'SEC. ' itAny--pers~n violati~ the provi;i~ns of ;~cti~ri 7 -of this Order shall, upon conviction, be punished by - imprisonment not exceeding six months, or by fine not exceeding one thousand pesos (Pl,OOO.OO), or both, in the discretion of the court; with sUDsidiary imprison'; ment in case of insolvency. - 路

- ..... ".:

-:,~

The same penalty shall be imposed upon any person who .yiolates any order issued by the COlilIIlissioner of Agriculture and Commerce, his delegates, under section 4 of this Order, or who路 resists or distu'r bs any search or examination -conducted "in accordance with said .section; and wiiijlout prejudice, in the latter c.ase, to any -(!rim'irial ' responsibility for assault, resistance or disobedience to authoriti~s or their agents under"the Revised Penal Code. =

or

SEC. 10. Violations of this Order by the managers, representatives, directors, agents or employees of anynatural or juridical person, in the interest of the latter, ;~hali render the principal or employer _amenable to the Pecuniary penalties corresponding to the offense. . SEC. H. Several successive acts in violation -of the provisions of this Order, if committed in such close proximity to eacli other as to warrant-the conclusion that they are impelled by a single criminal intent, shalf be considered as constituting only a single offense;

[38] -


~~

,

-

,~.

I

,.::,

.~

_

-

_

,

.~ ~ ~

.

__ SEC. 12. This Order' shall not ' apply "to ',ininsactioI!s_

conducted by the Imperial Japanese ' Army or NavY: ;" -

.

·:..L4lo. ....'!j_ . ~

:i .1.~ J 1 1:Y·1:~.J.i . p.i·..... '.!.!V I~,Gt:

Neither shall this Order, except section ~ (b), (f},;and ( g) thereof, apply to persons purchasing for their own consumption. '. ; .. ' . .:

.';

13. Offenses defined in section 9 of this Order, and t h ose defined in section ' 8 where the violation -compl ained of is not serIous in nature, shall' be triable ' in , the mUl'!icipal or justice of the peace courts 'of the localit y. Serious offenses under section ,8 shall be triabl~ in the Court of First Instance of the province: ; . , .. ' :';. ,

SEG.

,

.~

::. ... ,'

Whether an offense under section 8 is serious or , no~, shall be determined by the fiscal or other prosecuting officer, and no courJ shall reject or dismiss ,a .case ()n ' the ground of lack of jurisdiction for the reason -that t he offense alleged, though falling under section 8, does , -rr ,.' { or does not const itute a serious offense. , SEC. 14. If cases originally triable in 'courts of different categories are related, either because the offenses complained of are closely connected' with each other ..or because 'the acts .were committed by the same person, they, shall be tried and determined by ~the proper COurt_ of FirsL InstaDce. - , ;; ~ , :'+ •

4 ••

.t

-. ~

SEC.' 15 .. Where 't he accused ,is a juridical person; it shall be represented by 'its manager, ,directors or 'any other per~~m acting in a representative capacity. ':< :Even if, according to its organization or by-laws, ,the repre·seRtation of such juridical person requires the joint action of ,two or more directors, managers or Tepresenta--, tives, anyone of them -may' represent th~ juridical-per-_ , son in the criminal proceedings. SEC. 16. In the absence of ,any pe~s-:;n r.epresenting an accused, which is a juridical person, a representative shall be provisionally appointed by the court on its own authority or on motion of the prosecuting officer, and the person so appointed shall attend the proceedings and discharge his duties until a regular representative is appointed or selected. '

[39]


SEc.,.17. In proceedin:gs under. this Order, search warrants may be issti'ed by the court' or by any prosecuting officer, authorizing peace officers to search for and _, seize any a,r ticles or objects described in the warrant, : - including those which may be regarded as ' evidenee of an offense under this Order even if such articles or ob- jects are not included among those described in Sectien 2, Rule 122, of the Rules of Court. _-,

1;

E"-'~--.:-;--~-~-- -;

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.-!

-

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t -

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-

. "

;

SEc. ].8. The accused or his represenfative may be -examined, by the court, and with the' perinif!sion of the 'court,' by the ' fiscal or other, proseCuting officer as "to .any matters favQrable or unfavorable to him ,o r.bis principaf; and -e ither ' may apply to the judge for the examination of the co-accused- or' the representative of the , . latter in matterrsrelated- td th~' ,defense- of the accused. :Statements made by the" accused~ his f{!l)"'-llccused, or the , ." :representative" of. the 'acCtfi!edoJ' ti pe.r son :acting, in a siJiuTar -C3"pacity, iirespecti\Te' of the circumstances under -which they- wer~ : made; ' snaIl:be' adniissibie in - e\ridence ._ if material to the lSsll.e. ~ > :-i~ '!{.~ ..!! _t, ~~!I/}') to,:!; " =')! ' :f> - -Ii SEe. 191- The provision ' of~ .seetion -18;: msofar as:-pertinent;: shall apply to tbe examination of suspects conducted by the fuicals or other prosecuting officers. :-\c, ...........

.

-,

=:

-

',: SEc., 20• .Whenever the court considers that the guilt

..:

· ._. '

of 'the ~ accused' has been 'presumptively shown and that the accused may become liable to a fine ' in' accol1dance ::wiUl ,the Rrorisionsof this-Order, the colirt may issue a . writ {or:· the preliminary, attachment of so much of =;, ilis:;-;propert.ies as 'may be necessary, 'corresponding ·to ": the., fine ,:which,. under the circumstances of tne caSE:, - _I!light be imposed upon the accused. The writ of at'. tachment must require the proper officer to attach so - ..much of the property of the accused within the pro v, inee not exempt from execution, as may be suffiGient to pay the probable fine and to keep such property in · lcustod¥' unless the' accused deposits or gives satisfac, WI'¥- bond ~n im < amoUnt'''~u;fficie'nt"to satisfy' tbe said fine or in an amount 'e qual to the value of 'the property '- Wl\ich i-s'" attacned9';l:?J,:«:l _"' '''" '., ' f' ,, ~:, [;' ,,~, ',. :...-~! "; ...

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, ~:.~ry-~A.tp~~~~ -_~Yo<b~ J!l~~e ..iIJ.;_ a,cc.QIdanc~::....with _the "? .

provisions of Rule 59 'o f the R.uleJ:j,-of, Court cinsofar as

, [4~]


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with iiiiprisonment only breliburlarY - -attaChment -where nthe _ ~ame Ihas '- . :gram€"d. ~: If :the -'J:l1Dount -o f "the~ ifine -imposed ,b y ltin~l Judgment should be legS''thafi-:the v alue Of the property aUacheo, the ·order of attachment . shall be amended to confOrnl witli' Lth'e' fuia(\idgDierit. _~-.:Vi': ..... . .~= _:}~ -_'. _.iC7.....

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-.. SEC. 21. Tnalof -cas-es-'fbr . violatiobs of _t}J.is -Order

shall be made in !1JummarY '-proceedings'" as' a rule r ~itd the case shall be Mara ·a nd ·determined 'Within -fifteen days 'aft~i the -action '!ls -filei'l j uiii~s ¥peCiill perfuission _is obtained from the COmmissioner' of ; JusticeJ ',..Hq;.H-i -:1;t"'"U-

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.. ~ '-:1.Cl$~;;~::~:t\TJ-~rfr- -f'f.~~~£~ .lu t;if~:~afii-i

.kials, shall. J)e .,c9n~uct<;!~ .~~gg~~g ,tp,i th~e '}~gl: ;Iowfug . .rules . . ."'-.... .... -~ ··,'b-i< -- . ..l-.,t;. ;u(it; -."...l ' ~ 6,sni~ - ...... - m tfflH':)!:;.:cii6:r .. -.. ' -,L( a Wfter . ariaigilin~D£1m'd -plei; the' court'; sHalf-lnl- . 'in'edlafely cautle to - be·' ~xPJained':fo the accused -t he!'f acts constituting the offense with which he is charged;' -and J~~ l.j~~ge..sh~ in~nw~·a~. th~_:~,~~~~ . and tp~ witJ1es.ses a.s to the facts and.ciz:cumstances of. the case in order c!arily _the 'points '~m~'_ 41s~ul~;;Ui(L~i~o~e jvhi~1! :;~j-~ admltte~. ~ ..' ,_ _ _! -, .'~ ~

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-.,,<'fj('lt-) Refusal . of , th'e;i-ac!!used -to _,answer any ,questions _- . made Or -allowed by the-:court,may l1e2considered unfa.vor- - bl to h' I . -,-' - '-.::.£. ~ ~.. ~ .,' _' ~ ._ lr~ __',: ~m. _' ':"7~m . ..r''it']'I_ '.&n{"....:!_ ~ ~mj: n_ .!J-':..lD:!.B:fI r; .:-<'~

- -;7<~~i6~~{ I~': l~~~~~~: :~~~P_;~~::l~~ft~~f~~~!1 ~ _ - l?-~1~b~a~1I0y!~dJo..! pl~a~nd a~!le~-t_-Jle~ens~s that are i.P~

consistent with each other. .. ;; '-i i'

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.. -l:,(d) If from the facts admitted at the prelimi~ary -in-

terrcfgation, : it 'should -appear ' that the '-accused is :giIilty .=.. .of the -crim~ charged in the info-mation, or in any o1;hei· information i-s:ub:se(lu~mtil~-,fileGI-l).Y--tlle--1}:l'o~!eeutlimH)-f.---'----W ficer, :a sentence-of conviction may be immediately rendered against the accused. . Otherwise, the judge · shall .dictate :an order distinctly 'specifying the facts admitteil. by the ,accused and those which az:.e in -dispute, and the 1rial.shall -be-limited to the latter;' UlileS's the judge;...for special 1"easons, -otherwise' direct-s. ';,;" - -: . ,;n

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. (e') Unj,ustified "~.'~ll.~t:: of an accus~d' r'ho has b~en released en baH, bis, representativej shall not be a gF eund for the proceedings 011 ~ittacking the' "Validi.t y of··the ., ~ .-

" SEC':- 22: ThejUOi~eorctE:tIrot=-a~1mllnt(~ipllM:Qq]rr'lOr------.:c.. -justice of the must keep IJli~utes of the preliminary;n1r<>....n ·.[J'''1~L\T-V nature of. each ~~ evidence at the employeq, m~e an cused and of each ! every witness examined. The abostract shall be pr esented to t1i~ declarant for ' mSpe(;tion, correction or amendment, and sigDature. ~ Each and _.ev~rY.' page of the b&tract_must be .signed, and ~, the declarant ! refu'ses ~_ " si&?:t.~· thi~ fact 'shall be' -Dotea~ on 4

it)l~ ~§~~4S~j"~'i =:;~

': !'; .

SEc': 23i

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'Ii,:~t~!~m~;;;;::'~ NO-p'y ' dings ' f.or - special remWY~ tn' ~ re1A'-

tion{ to a:n- incident of· the- ,trial· shall ' be allowed to interr upt -Ule 'progres of'the ' trilli . ' ~ ,!h"- - , ' - ~f"::i '" The ~rders, rulings and decisions of the mui:ri~i~aI-~r justice of the peac~ courts .ma¥ onq~ be-appealed to the Coun of Fi<rst 1inS~nce'i and those-of the Court -of First Instane-e, aeting as tri~l - court, may be appealed: to , __ , the Court of Appea s. No JiletitioR o~ pr.oe~edings, ,other " - tlian iB---appeal; ' shall be- Jilermi.tted: .Appea!ls~ shall be ~ "~d~cided within teil" days "aftel' bei,n g' submitted !lor decl-sion. . .. T 'c. -.'.-, _~ . " , ~;. ~ "":'

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. The Court of First Instanee, or ,the Court ~f -Appeals, in hearing cases appealed, thereto ' from a'u y - irnerier courts; Shall be lim~ted te an examinat ion of the. recor:ds. :ao'V~ev~r.J.J if -tpe. Feeords: sheuld b.e.. found wanting: in ~ aAy. !;esp~~ . QJi"'ifT a Jl),etiond or, new; . tpia:h fil~. J b~ tlie . -acc]Jsf;)g in aecordanee.., with the Rules of Coun. should p~ d,eemed:: .m~ritori.ous -oJ.'.> whenever th~ an:pellate eeun shall . deeI)1 -it proper,. ilt may issue the necessuy oriers Wi ha¥~!.the "reCordSrclarified o't .supplementedt and j nay call or recall the accused:-C[)r- an~.-, witness -O J}' 'malf 10Fder --


a ne~ ·trial to be 'held before the 'appellate court jtself or before a referee appointed by said court, ··unless the . circumstances justify a remand of the case to the court of origin for new trial. The decisions of the appel~. late court on appealed- cases shall be final, except that rec;ourse may be had to the Supreme Court on questions . of law. '-~, .

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SEC. 24. Final decisions imp;si.ng- a fine or forfeiture shall be enforced by order of the competent judge in accordance with the proyisions of Rule 39 of the Rules of Court on civil executions insofar as applicable, but - _ it shall not be necessary to serve the accused with a copy of the decision before the same -is -executed . . SEC. 25. When a juridi~l persQn is fined an~ the said juridical person is dissolved by merger befor~ 1 or after the decision becomes final, execution of the deci~ion may be made against the juridical person . arising from the merger or the juridical person succeeding to t Ie obligations of the one dissolved. Done in the City of Manila, PhilIppines, this 18th day of May, 1943. (Sgd.) JORGE B. VARGAS . Chairman of the Executiv.e emission ApPROvED by the · . -. °1 . Director General of the Japanese Military Administration . on May 18, 1943. - .

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EXECUTIVE ORDER NO. 158 PRESCRIBUiG TilE PERIOD FOR THE . FI ING OF APPLICATIONS FOR PURPOSES OF RECONDITIONING_ RADIO RECEIVING SETS ~ THE ~ _ CITY O-"'F---'M ~ A"'-' N'-"' I""' L"_" A"__ . _______ - ~~rs·u~~; to the autho:dty conferred upon me as H~ad of the Central Administrative Organization . Order No. 1 in connection with 0rder No.3 of the C0n1manderi-nChie!" of the Imperial I Japanese Forces- i~ . ~he · Phil- ippines and in con~e~tron ! with Order No. 1- dat~d March 16, 1943, of the lhrector General of the Japanese Military Administration, it is hereby ordered, upo the re-

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commendation of the Executi Commission; that all owners, manl!fact~rers, ~e~ler, po~sessors,. repaire:rs,. and lessees of radIO' receIvmg ets In the -eit-y of . !M1:l-- _ nila .who nave not registered th~ir.. 1!'adio sets for reconditioning in accardance with Nrtificat!on Ne. 4 of the, Uensei Kyok-u on or before February 1:5, 1:943, shall file such applicati?ns wIth~n !ert~l days.. from the date Of thepl'OmulgatIOn . .,.,. _.' . _.. of- "thIS'"Order. ' . r . ' . . " ', _ "._ ,.. i'h.E!" Department: -of. the Inter,or, . th1!'.o ugh the- Bu~~u of -Local 'Governments, shall take eh~ge of the work ef. ~~dio', reconditioning centemplat~d: in ' this OJ'd~r._ .The DIrector of Local Government~ IS h~neby authori~ed,: with the approval of tihe Commi.ssioner Qi the Interiol1" to promulgate such rules and regulations as may be necessary to carry into effect the previsions of this Or,de:r. " •

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The .]lenalty provided in Executive Orders Nos: 73, 80 and 124; dated August 5, 1:942, August- I5, 1942, and J~nuary ;1.6, ' 1943-, res]leCt:i.Vely,_~lfOr, ,!len-registration of radio receiving sets as re([u.i1!'ell the:rein, as well as >the penalty ]lrovided in the Nationa Internal Revenue Code _ fo'i delinquent ·:negistration of ~adio sets, shall nat be imposed upen th9se who sh::rll Ie applic&tions for ·re.:conditioning within tbe period ,red in this Order. ,> .. . , ' " ... . . . , . _. . . I . . ':' Done in the City of Manila, Philippines, this 21st day of May, 1943; . ' j "L- :.,',.: : .. ~ " J"'f~ '~! ' . (Sgd.) JORGl'1 ' 13. . VfoRGAS . .' ,' ; ~:;" CJiairnum of the.I Executive COJn?lLiss: i on. " .". - . • ' ~ -. ApPROVED by the - '. ., Director General of the . J a.panese Ivlilitary Administration on May 8, 1943. '. ~ •• 1

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EXECUTIVE QRDER NO. 159'-: ADJUSTING THE SALARY RATE OF THE..MAY(}R OF THE ~ CITY - OF MANIL£ ' IN-' CONFbRMrT¥~ WJTH HIS INCREASED -DUTIES Al\Tf) RESPON-SIBILITIES AND AMENDING- FOR THIS P'tJR·' , POSE PARAGRAPHS 4 AND 6 OF 'EXECUTIVE , i ' " 'ORDER NO. n-A'FED FE:~JtliTARY 2'i~ 'i942::' ~ • t ........ _ • _ ' . --= _J)u:rsua:~t .to the authority conferred upon -m e as Head': r

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· ,.of the Central Adm'i nistrative Organization by .Oraer ,No, ·! in connection with Order No.3 of the Commander'1n-Chie'f of the Imperial Japanese Forces in the Philippines, and upon the recommendation of the Executive Commission, it is hereby ordered thatSECTION 1. Paragraphs 4 and 6 of Executive Order No. 11, dated February 27, 1942, are hereby amended to read as follows: ' "4. The Assistant C omm i ssion e ~' 3 , the Chief of the Civil Service, the Presiding Justice of t':1.e Court of .~ppeai", :~e ~ ::-'? :,:i r~ E,,: ':i the G"niver sity :;1 t~(; Phii ipr ines! and the )1 [(:;01' ,y[ tiie Cit;.- of .eS,000 p ,d. ·' :.\~<ll1ila, each at

*

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*

"6. The Bureau Directors and the Judges of Courts of First Instance, each at . .. .. .......... P4,800 p.a."

* SEC. 2. This Order shall take effect upon its approval by the Commander-in-Chief of the Imperial Japanes~ Forces. Done in the City of Manila, Philippines, this 24th day of May', 1943. (Sgd.) JORGE B. VARGAS-

Chairman of the Executive ' Commission ApPROVED by the Commander-in-Chief of the Imperial Japanese Forces in the PhilippInes on May 24, 1943. EXECUTIVE ORDER NO. 160 ADJUSTING THE SALARY RATES OF THE ASSISTANT MAYOR AND THE CITY HEALTH OFFICER OF THE CITY OF MANILA IN CONFORMITY WITH THEIR INCREASED DUTIES AND RESPONSIBILITIES AND AMENDING

[45]


~

FO):t THIS PURPOSE PARAGRAPH 2'(a) OF EXECUTIVE ORDER NO. 13 DATED MARCH 12, 1942. Pursuant to the authority conferred upon me as Head . of the Central AdministraJive Organization by Order No.1 in connection with Order No.3 of the C0mmander. in-Chief of the Imperial Japanese F.orces in the Philippines,- and upon the recommendation of tIle Executive Com~ission, it is hereby ordered th!J,tSECTION 1. Paragraph 2(a) of Executive Order No. 13, dated March 12, 1942, is hereby amended to read as follows: "2. Maximu1n Sal<Lry Rates for Officials of CluLrteTed Cities ~ "(a) City of Manila:

_"AssiStant Mayor for Ma-

~ , nila ..... .... ......... N,800 p.a . .J . . . . . . .

.. ....

..

. "Per diems of the Members of the MUNicipal Board of Manila f7.00 per session attended "City Fiscal . . . . . . .. . ..

4,200 p.a.

"City Treasurer . . . ... .

4,200 "

"City Engin eer an d Architect .. . ...... . ....

4,20 0 "

" City H eaith Ofi lcer . . .

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of t he :!IIun;(; >

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"Fire Brigade Commander

3,600 "

"'City Assessor .... .. . .

3,600 "

"First Assisbmt Fiscal

3,600 "

City

"Sec()nd Assistant City,_ Fiscal â&#x20AC;¢ ...-' .. . . ..... . 3,360 "


_;-4:~:§EC\ ~ __ :Fff~~,~~vH1I ({~ "th~~: J;~r.dfl.~,-This

take ~ffect qpo~ its app~Q~~I oy _tl.le~:C~I~~~n~4~f;;!P; Ch!ef of th~ I~p~!ial Japanese For.ces. · Done in the eity of Manila, Philippines, day of May, 1943. (Sgd,) JORGE B.. VARGAS _ .

Chairman of the Execut~ve qommis#riit ·- - r ...... ~

o.

ApPROVED by the Commander-in-ChieL of the Imperial J apanese Forces in the Philippines on :'1ay 24, 1943.

EXECU-TIVE ORDER NO. 161 CREATING THE PHILIPPINE MALARIA . -~'_~i RELIEF ASSOCIATION Pursuant to the authority conferred upon me as Head of the Central Administrative Organization by Order No.1 in connection with Order No.3 of the Commanderin-Chief of the Imperial Japanese Forces in the Philippines, and upon the recommendation of the Exe<;;'l!~~ve Commission, it is hereby ordered that•

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. SECTION 1. There. is hereby 'gr~t~g ~ Pl!blic ~.9.rpQli!!: tion which shall be known as the Philippine Mal~~ i~elief Association. . ...

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SEC. 2. The corpor ation shall be composed of five 'persoris, - ci,tizen~ 9.! t4e Ph,iIippi~es, ~liQ ) f1aJJ. ~.cf .~8o ~f~~ Board of Directors in charge of the management of the ~orporation. Th~' <;::om~is.si.Q.n.er ~nd Assistant Gomiitj~~ sioner of Education, Health, and Public Welfare shall be:ex"'::officio nl(~thli~bi~ of " il~i<;l ~o~r.(f'i.~~ ~h!l,fI pe' JIi~ Pr~~iqent and .vi~e:-Pfe~i_dent, Q:f tli~ ~!-1rpQrElt}~~, ~esp~~~ tively. ': 'l'he other t~re.e. me.inber~~ J?_f th,e · ~olJ.rd. ~l1~llM. appointed for a perlOd of three ye~rs by th,e Ghai~~I}-'­ of the Executive Commission, upon the recomm.endatiOh . of -the COn:Jrnissioner of Education, Health,and Public Welfare. The Chairman shall design~te fromamop.g the members of the Board a Treasurer 'of the co'r pora= tion. . The Philippine Malaria Relief AssoCiation shall _ enjoy the general powers mentioned in the Qorporation Law, shall be subject to the .provisions there?f in s.o :f#

[47j


. ~fihe' sa;ne : ~r~ compatible with the .provisions of ' this : 6rder:~~ilDd for attaining-Uie- piii-poses of the. same~ may perform any act which acol1laration; copartnership or 'itatllral person' is' authorized to pe~orm under the laws existing or which mal! hereafter be .enacted. The corporation shall have .its.. main office in the City of Manila, , and shalf perform' its, functions under the superthe Chairmazi of" tIle Ex'ecutive Commission.

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SEC. 3. The du.ti~!!< 9~; tg~:r.~!ri!~PI!W~~~9J~!-:i~_..,~e.lief " . '. tion sh~ p.e..: .a:.8i ~9llqw§r ' ;;'1 :e~ ~(.r! ' '~!'<~1'-;' • ,r. .. (a)- To advance the knowledge about malari;! by" en. and promoting ' research thereon; '.

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througn:- the Bureau of ~~.~ w~""" ..,:¢-",~, mea~ · tO pr.eventr,and treat malaria;' ~) ~.r "~,,,<;.-,;~~ "t~ ~;.:>- !:"- ;:- ~~ . :_.-.:~ - - _'-- - .- . TI! furnish'- the Bu.l·eau -o{ Health' with personnel, .",- .,z:.-"--, .matertalsmu:lr"equipment to , enable it .to· ~tend _ •

!~11iiIlJII!Dalari~ ;act~itie$ in _ place~;..w,here$ the~ maY.' be~;;-_ ,I~llpE~ri:al[ J'apanese., Army~ and" i~ J;Ural -· cq~,iP.J.!~!iti~f!i~;'f·;;.~!'1

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:::-:~::I~" _''''A The

Philippine Malaria Relief Association -aii?<' E i ecutive Secretary who shal,l be apit6 'P resident with the approval of the Ch~ir- _ Executive Commission. ' The Executive f!iec-c. reta.rY shall act as Secreta~y of the Eoard and shall di...,.,- r~ctly be in charge of the Administration of the af-': - fah:s of the corporation and perform such duties and f!!ltl~tJprls as may be assigned by the President, who shall ~"'~.'~~J"V'~U , su~h clerical perso~Del oJ the A§sociation 'P hilippilie Malitia- ReIi~f Association tlie thirty-first day of March of each transmit to the Chairman of the Execof its proceedings for the , ~~i~!~~I~jE~~ 'a-ICOIPP1[~tl~.:-ru;t,q. itemizeif report __ duly' 'certified .;-

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SEC. 7. All officers ministrative . " . pal governinen ts, as " 1\dniinistrativle~'t:g:anjza1.; financial aid from ' the . tiOll, are hereby enjoine1l 1 fO'?i:l)opernte ' With .. u,.,..:;,.,. pine i\1alaria Relief Association in the performance ' its dutie s amI functions~ ,,~~4 'f,ith..l-~~ a~p,¥§~~~! th~ , corr esponding Commissioner of Department shall, when ' necessary, render such service as the Philippine Malaria '. Relief _\ ssociation may assign to them. , ,:." '. SEC. 8. Any person ,who shall solicit, collect, or :receive . repmoney, material or prQperty of any kind, . resentil;lg or pretending .lt~ms~l,f , W __be a -. = . or representative of the "" Philipl>i'tie' sociation or wear 'Or 'display ~the name;.~einbteui orjr;tle~~t:. vice of said Association; lor dmY',-imitation . t:h~~reof. any fraudulent purpose shall ·be 'punisbed not more than two hundred peSGS .~i by impriiso:nmlent for ,not more than six months, or"by ,both ,such fule-'and . i~prisonme~t, in ,t~e ~isc~etio~ :~f t~~ ·_ ~ouz:;. ~. ~--f~~~'l , Done in the City cof Manila;1Philipp{n es:Pl his ·-7th:-tfif.;:-.i

o~/-~e'r}1i~\~ .',.',t :~;::~i~'~~\: ";:"":;;~!~::,:~H!~;~~.;~~

. .,.., ,-~ (Sgd.). JORGELoJ. _... . __ . ; , 9~~rr1U!n 0/ i~Jy.e. ,-.I!.__ ;ZeC'l,!tt1,'V~_ J..;,omr.n4!8t,Q?l APPROvED by :fhe 2li~ic.ii~ ~'~··J~~;t ~~. '. Director General ·of the '1; ,Jut~g.s 'A'.lf{;'.!fii fr;t< ,..r ~~~!~~,i ,Japanese Military Administration \v!,~ili,,{ .:; l:ff.-ad: on June 7, 1943. . :.-' _

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'1"'-0.: ' . " EXEOUTI-yE ~?~~ER -NO ..! ~62 "~",rlJ ~_"","__~;",~

PROVIDING A NEW SCHEDULE OF FE -IN NECTION WITH~ THE SOLEMNIZE ' MARRIAGE .''AND ' 'ADDI't-IONAL ~ REQUIREMENTS FOR APPLICANTS FOR SUCH AUTHORIZATION. ',' · 0'-" ~ ;. - '.' i'''';~,''~ ,~ Pursuant to the authority conferred 'upo~ me a's Head ' of the Central 'Administrative ' Organizatioii- by Order -' No, 1 in connection with Order No.3 of the Commander-

[491'


-in-Chief of the Imperial Japanese Forces in the Philippi,nes, and upon the recommenda,t ion of the Executive Commission, it is hereby ordered that--

SECTION 1. The Director of Religious Affairs shall collect from -the priest~ and ministers of the gospel of any denonllnation,· church, sect -or religion, or from any r-_--;-_-=in=-:t::=e:::.re-""s"-'t"'-e=d~·per80~ _the fo!I0.!ilE~ l~es ; For each authorization to ; solemnize marriage or renewal thereof ...... .-. .... .. . -P4.00 For each cancellation of an authorization at . the reque~t of-an-interest PilrlY ..-. . ~ .. . . . ~.Q9. For each certification of an entry UP<:lD _t~e. !egister ...... : .................... ~ • . 2.00 For i~uing a duplicate of the authori?~~!ci~ · ~.90 SEC. 2. In addition to the requirements provided . hn~ 'der existing laws or regulationEr, -no priest or minister of any religion shall be issued an. authorization to so-:. lemnize marriage unless he is of legal age, of good moral character, has registered with the Bureau of Re-. ligious Affairs in accordance with the Provisions of Executive Order No. 47, dated June I, 1942, has at least a ' secandary education or -its equivalent, or has undergone the instruction or training for priesthood prescribed by his· religion, and has not been judicially declared bankrupt or conYicted of any crime involving moral turpitude. ·No priest or minister of any religion shall be issued authorization to solemnize marriage unless he is a Filipino citizen ' or a citizen of a friendly nation: - SEC. 3. Any provision of law or regulation or any portion thereof inconsistent herewith is hereby repealed. SEC. 4. This Order shall t~e effect uIJon approval: Provided, how~veT,' That the proyisions of Section 1 hereof shall be effective from January I, 1943. Done in the City of Manila, Philippines, this 8th day of June, 1943.

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(Sgd.) JORGE It VARGAS the Executive qommis~ion. -

,f~i'r1'1'lfLn of

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of the Central Administrative NO'. 1 in connection-with Order-Nb. in-Chief of the Imper ial ·Japanese ~' IU~LO<'" -: pines, and upon the Commission, Section 6- of- ",~".,,,,,,,+ih,,,dated J 3Jnuary 23;- 1943, is hereby ~w,"'u,~"'u follows ; ' . .: ~ ;.,;':;:-, "S~: 6'. The~ fees ..."n11 h·,,,tl -~;',H'h;i..-ffl.tl ''>I"-·~J'HI·IH-''' ..--,-~~=­ .," . paid to the trea's urer .; '.- -" where the licensee or nn""'!'''n,~ '-. ~~~: '- Bureau Forestry and ,.,:..'_ That the fees' fiXed in this :-~'~> onc'e 'and in ' one place',and . ~'- - ~ :;~~. f~~s s¥.an ~e requ!~e'Lto· par . ~~e agafn .~th~ ..~'" -~- .- '" e"-' in the same fiscal ye~u:'~'~ _.;: '. ~ . . 6"!.dl~~: . -:.. "' _ :; -; -~.!:"5:t.':$ -;-J "p-.~ ~ ."t~1:. .... ~,... ~~ ~~t ~.~ r:: ~ _~_~,;.: ,~-,:.w~

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JAPANESE NAVY DAY-(2)

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PREMIER INSPECTS TRAINEES-

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PREMIER I NSPECT S T RAI NEES- ( 3) Th e Premier obse"rves th e sc-ience of. the 1i~anagem.ents at tiring a rifle by a Constabularry trainee on May 6, 1943.


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GREATER EAST ASIA MINISTER VISITS THE PHILIPPINESKaZlLO Aolvi, Minist er ot G'r eater East Asia is shrnon being by Army a.nd Na'Vy men, Highest adviser M 'nrata U1l(L Filipino ottic iCl.ls upon h 'i s arrival at local airport. {jl-p etp.fL

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T\ALTflAPf J"(' presen l atives from all aVe?' the Phili1J1)ines 'Inceti1.U (£t the 1I1drll/wiilllll theatre in Ma'/l'ila, on J 'ltn.e 18, for the national oonv enNon of t7lle national ser'l)ir; (~ (/s socia./'i,u'll. '['h elifl £l ell'ua l es disp la,lIed pat1'j,otie (£n/or in working 101.1>£11'118 t1w uoal uj' I'll'ilil'IJi,l/ (' [ 11(l e· lJ('n rl ellee.

KALTDAPI nALLY-No. 1.

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ds gather ed at ManiJa' u<wne tfl j~ol' lc On Jose Rizal'.~ R2nd birthday , a throng of thou.son [d(!1:edtite Father of PhWppi ll e II/d e~ con. is ho w hel'o, the of spiJrit Ute to pa)1 ho1lt(tge to pendence.

HOMAG E TO RIZAL AT LUNET A PARK- No. 2

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MORE COTTON F OR T HE PHILIPPI NES-

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These young INlipinas aTe t enil:i'llg cotton 100 m.s' at Ow cotton factory u/ till ' :V l/tional Dev elopment Company., 'The intensified. cultivation 'of cotton 'i,n th e PhUi'P1Jilli!S , l oyd llt: l' willi. the i'll1p e t~l, s given to maiwfactm'e of cotton good,s, promis es se l/-sIlIfi cil3 l1(',IJ ill liti s mat l'ria l for 0/1' Filipinos. '

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Message of His , The Highest Comma~der of the Imperial Japanese Army in the Philippines at the luncheon party in hono r of the representatives of the KALIBAPI arrd the members of the Preparatory Commission for Phi'lippine Inde: pendence, June 20th, the 18th Year of Syowa ' ... , Instructions of His Ex cellency, the Dire-ctor-General of the Japanese Military Admfgistrati<fn, at the ' fourth opening exercises of the Government Em ployees Train i n~ Institute, Jun e H . 18tl;J. Y ea r of Syowa. . .. .. . . . . . ... .. .. . . . .. . ~ . ....... .... Ii Speech of the Direcro;'·Genel'al conce:'ning Phtli,ppine Independence, on J ~ne 1 '3. 18th Year of Sjlowa. .... . . , . . !o-• • • • • • • • , . , " , •• • • • " , ~ ~ • • • , • , • _><_ J v Address by the Director-General of the Japanese .Military Administration at the oath-taking of former members of the lJS ...4..FFEE. ....... . .... . viii' Communique of the Imperial J apanese Army in the Philippines, on June 18th, 18th Year of Sypwa 'x Instructions of the Director-General of the Japanese Military Administration a,t the third graduation ceremony of the Normal Institute, June 31st, the 18th Yea.r ~f S'y~W!,;;~:~: '; '" '.' ..• ~... :. .;-: . ';'.": . '.;~;_:~:"':.: xi Speech of Premier Ge~eral · JIideki TO~(I.,.at :the .82!ld . '''' .", Extraordinary Session: ,.of tl!e I~~riar Diet. ·oC~. ·; Iii Instruction' deIive"red - by :the Dirictbr-GenerfI, of the· Ja,parrese Military -Adminisfration before the Con,' - ference. of -Governors, City Mayors, and ' Senior ·;r,;~tt_~~~_,.,.'~'·':' Consta:bu.lary I,n spectors of .the _prov.inces _of Min- . ~~. 'CCC - ~ danao, at Davao. May - ii, ' 194i .... '. : . ~': ..... : . ~X.Xit_r ~.',-, Instructions of the Director-Generai of the Japanese . <

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Mili~ry Ad~)E!stration .~J ~hL3.d~is~io.~,c~re~onY .;~~~;,:;:~._

of the fo~rth and fifth term trainees of !~~. ~OrIIial ,~;~:.;:. ~.'" .. Institute. August 24th, the 18th Year of .Syowa. : . . ::: . . -:;: .... ~ . .:' .~>',.::; ..::: ~~~ . , ~ .:.: _ -~ . ;:. -', Instructions of. the ;Pirector-General of the Japanese _~;tJi.: ~ ~ ' 'Mi'litary Administi:ation at ·the fifth -'g raCiuafi6il ?!, '~ .~:. _~ ~,~<i;:L - ceremony of the ' Training ' Institute lor former ' '" "" _. ' ;,;, ~ ". ", '~ " USAFFE Officers and men ~: ::: .... . .. , ... : . :-':'.. -~ xxvii :~.' > Instructions of the Director-General of the Military Admi'ni'stration at th~ "sixth admission. ceremony . of the Training Institute for former USAFFE officers and men. October 4th . the 18th Year of ~'Syowa. ~... , .... . '" ................ , .. , . . . ~ ...... ; . :lfxviii ~:,:_ •

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, ,,Resolution expressing appreciation of the solicitude of the Director-General of the Japanese Military Administration for the interest and welfare of the Filipinos and pledging fun cooperation with him in his efforts to help the Fi.Jipinos to be worthy of the honor of independence. ............ .... ..

xxx

Resolution expr.essing gratitude for the categorical pledge by the Imperial Ja,panese Government to grant Philippine Inqependence within this year.

xxxi

Approvail granted for the formation of the Preparatory ' Commission for the formation of the Preparatory Commission for FhN,i ppine ]ndependence as composed of members, selected by the special Na,tional xxxii Convention of the K.A:.LIBAPI. ........ '-' .. . . .. . Statement: Delegation of Filipinos sent to Jap~n to "" observe ~l1rtime conditions. June 12, 1943. ...... xxxHi

".

- Greetings of His Excellency, Jorge B. Vargas, Chairman of the ExeCutive Commission to LieutenantGeneral Sigenori Kuroda, New Highest Commander of the'-.[mperial Japanese Forces in the -Philippines~ June 1, 1943. . .............. ;.......... \ ? . .

xxxv

Statemen~~of His EXcel,l ency, Jorge B. '-Vargas,_Chairman of the Executive Commissi~n. .............

=xvi

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- Statement by Chairma,n Jorge B. Vargas of the EJiiecutive Commission at the Gratitude Railly rut the Luneta, Manila, J une 19, 1943. . ........ "..... . .. Remarks of gratitude deliverecl by Chair man Vargas as KaUbapi Presid enlt at the lunch eon part:y . _ given by the IDghest Commander i·n honor of K--'\.LIBAPI officialS ami delegates at the Kaiko-Sya, June 20, 1943. . .. " " . . . " . " . . ... . ... . . ... ........ . Pro clamation: },Iil:tar;' L aw relative to tll., P urr islJ · ment of ~erson s ca rryin g fire·arms, €;:c. " .... • . .

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xxxix

Speech of Ac cep ~ a llc~ deliY€r .cl by P 1'6:3i c!ent -'1iecL Jose P . L au rel before the Nariolla1 _~ssojTI!iJj'" j rD -

mediately after bis election by thai. co@"y on Sep tember 25, I f;';'3 . . .... . . . .... .... "._.. ... " . . . xxxxi One Nation; One Rea r t, One Republi c; speech de, livereg. extemporane0usly by Hon . Jose P . L aurel.. President of the P reparatory Commission for Fh-i-lippine Independence, at the Special Gener3!l Assembly of the KALIBAP I held at the Sessi on Hall of the L egislative Bldg., Manila, on September 7, 1943. . ...... ~ ~-....... . ..................... . xxxxvi Proclamation (Proclamation No. 19.) LXiii

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SECTION -1._

Interior. Notification 6. ~nln Mi'Mf·rn-e;l:he'.:r-nppOIJ.gO ~~~~~~ Qualification Examination. SECTION 2. Affairs =: con"cerning .~ DePartm~i Fi'nance.

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co~ncer1J,~ng

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E xecutive Order No. 165, from -ExecutiVe No. 167 to Executive- Order No. 182, Orders No. 201, 210:- and . 226• .::; . J. :'. ..

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LIST' OF ILLUSTRATIONS

1. HIghest -Cominander Heari-Rep~~, , ... . ... ~-

2. PCP! Appointment Ceremony at 3. Japanese-Philippine .,

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~,iko-sya.

Amity - Cemented; "Independ":,...' --'"4 . . ' .

ence 4. Greetings' Fr~m the Hig-best Com'ininder. Lieutenant-GeneraI ~ Kuroda

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6. Premier Tozyo's Second Visit. -(1) .

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ados} (1)

11. Fut~re Lead~s. in Fine. Form. (2) ,-

12. Cultural and Spiritual Rejuvenation. 13~

Learning the 'Value of Labor.

14. Another~,Bridge Completed.

"; .'15. KALIBAPI . --- ---Rally. (1)~

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16: H'omage ' to Rizal at buneta Park. (2) ~

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: 18. _Dawn of a ·New 6Era.

19. Independe.nce, Parade. 20. Independ.en~e Toast :'>

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21. To~'st t6 ~he Free Philfppines.


-(.AT (fHE'L fll'ilfJ-l'IEQN'J>.ARTY IN HONOR ' : OF REPRESENTATIVES.oF ,THE K'ALI~< ~ BAPl]ANo-"ffitff1\fEM1fER8 ' OFr.Tim

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'" . . , .' ".PREP;{RATORylX5MM[SSlON FOR ' .' ·PHIUPPINE 11NDEPENDENCE. ~;1fJNE ' 2~Ih.J'11E..t8th YEAR

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. '- More {han one year lias alreB'dy elapsed, since Amc;ri~an a'nd BritiSh influence in the Philippines c~llaps~d. In ,the meantim·e. ,mainfaining' ,mutuatlloopetati.9~o:a . have . strive~ to .lead the :FiliPinos; 'w ho ~ere then"':still poison~' ·by liheralis~. in 1getting .rid ;~f 'th~jde~·.-:-O{

partisan .0Ppos~tJOIl: ,(3:;' : '

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. "-1:Fortunately. your efforts have horl)e .fruit in the form of the ;dissolution DE all p~liticaI paJ:tles the ' ,philiPpines. ,You , ·h:ave .rendered meritorioUs i service 10 - cause of ·the· ~ccT.;s~ctiori ~of ;the' New' - .~ , concentratini :aII ,Filipino ~ctiVtti~ ':o.Ii C·t\",, ~cJtt1lihr' ,:'CI ' the . enhancing ~the 'Doble

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:--~---IH---l\alr-al~U etO~omk' circles' iDth~ Philippines:' <-: .;t~.r~L t-~ .. - . . ~ "'·Y).f' ,,,.. •• ,M"'~- "r '~'",- .. ~. ""'"1",- ..a T . _. ~ •. ..:.'l-f\,;.£~....:b. - In this ~ense •. I earnestly desire that. faithful to .your self.sacrificing· spirit. 'all of ~ou-will further your 'effo;ts•.· in full concert with the p;inciple ~f service. to' ~e~ori:' . strate the real spirit of-the Kalibap'i' ~o that the' aim 'of the organization. IDay he satisfactorily attained. i.: J..":'j;""'

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INSTRUCTIONS OF I1IS ExCELLENcY;- THE DIRECTOR-GENERAL OF THE JAPMVESB ' . MILITARY ADMINISTRATION, AT THIE FOURTn OPENlNG EXERCISES OF ' THE GOVERNM-ENT E-MPLOYEES, TRAINING ., IN- STITUTE. JUNE- 14th. THE ' , L 1Bt? YEAR OF SYOW£\ ~_ "'~.

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I take great pleas~~ i~ aJiresi~g tlle incoming trainees af the Government EmPloyees Training Institnt~ at the fourth opening exercdses of this uniqqe institntion: ,- of spiritUal rejuvenation: t~ -- ,.'~---.::. "':'f' . ,:-. - -.;.j , . .;;J ~... 4/_ -. -:- .:';!. . .:~.;.;:' :t.t....,..... ~-~~~·~:r:~. . 2~.:!e·/~~~~J-~t!!lt.1-._.... :. helieve n: -~ 'm~f ' ~pportUnelliatyod ,l iave heen , selected ' fromT ~ong' your- eoIIeainxes in" gov;rnment exhplo~ent to e~II in' tM~-::-£otlrtK session. of'this In!' ~titnte for the pUrpose dE iUnd~going 'physical' training and spiritnal re-orientation, at this stage iilll\.e evoluJ - ,tion'ary history of your €ountry when today" all traces oP Ailglo-American power and in£Iuence in· East Asia have been completely wiped away and a New Order has been , made to prevail in tllis,~region of the glohe ' under the benign aegis' and henevoI~nt leadership' of the lnipel'ial. Japanese Empire., 11le Philippin~ is. da~ by Jay fast approaching it's" goal of attaining the proud posibion of honor and glo~ .~~~ trosted_memb~t:_, and valuable coIIaboFator in the conc'ert of Ol'iental nationS-., The role played by your oHidaIs in the. reconstm~tio~ of this country is of paramount importance and tl1is. is, ~ all the more reason for the fihsolute necessity o~ -aIl. of"ficials and government empIoyeejj of the New 'l"hilippines to undel'go complete -and drastic/ spiritual and moral rejuvenation. YoUr -;sj)6iiSi1iIfti~~ Mi~c'c;u{'~ · tiai~ees ' oJ~t~~ J~t.i~~e·:.,~ , ~~.~een,:.. ~re~!i dedicated to the rebiFtll of a 001 of thoaglft' and

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. ~ - '-~:~~ ~~:;:~ ~= - ~~--..: and to impress -=-u pon -your minds the seriousness of arriving at a true -estimation of the realities" EaciQif Jhis . country. Live up to the letter and spiii-t of th~ inS~c­ tions and counsel issued to you· by the Superintendent and Staff of this Institute and strive to the utmost of your abilities to fulfill every aim an~ objecti.ve w hich th e founders of this Institute had in -inind 'w hen they established this i-nstih';tion of training. I am sure you wi ll b enefit enormously by your stay here a:~d what is eq ually im po rta n t, the New Philippines will ID;;ie riillh· ;rain _ as th O'! re,uIt of yaup individual and jQ i n l erforts .

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SPEECH OF THE r.mWCTOR-GENEML CONCBRNING'- PHILIPPINE INDBPENDENCE ON JUNE 16th; 18th

YEAR OF SYOWA.

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pino people:_ . _ _-You have just heard with yO!U own eal'S the assuran_ce JIlade by the IIIustrious Premier of Japan that the independence of the Philippines will be granted within this year. With this definite st9tement concerning th.!! time of Philippine independence made by the lllustrious Premier on the floor of the Impellial Diet, I join you in the happiness that must be yours on healTing that your century-old ambition will become ~ reality- within the next six months. TIle independence of- tIre Fhilippines has been the_ dream of your forefathers. It was the cherished hope and the ideal for which your national hero, Dr. Jose RizaI. died. Today, as I repeat fhe assurance made by the Illustrious Premier, I Gall to the souls of ,those"" brave young men who _died in Bataan for the same ideal; I ~all to the memory of the great revolutionaITY heroes led by Gen. Aguinaldo and others - pres~nt here; I call¡ to all the cherished hopes, ambitions and undying desires oj the millions of Filipino people who have long awaited the coming of independence.

As the Director General of the Japanese Military if n ec-

~dministration I am readÂĽ to dedicate my life,

essary, for the attainment of your independellGe, and I feel greatly overjoyed and wish to offer - you my heart-felt - congratulations on this momentous event, he materialization of our common dream and ideal Witl}in this- year. It is a long standing c~nviction of mine that the independence of a people can be e(fected only through -divine intervention. The independence -of 18,000,000 Filipinos is not the_ handiwork of the humble man.


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_one" billion Premier decided to come "pines', leaving i'he' &.1pitaI :p

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, ,He arrived like' a bright of it people who ~a~,J;ee!i:'-diisiLlusioliled


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in the past and you have seen{nd have participated yourselves ln this unique an spontaneous-ovation given by the Filipino people to the Premier of Japan. I wish to point out to you ax at that particular time of the vear. the weathel' J ondition in the Philippines was far from being thel best for flying. But it so happened that from the ~ay ~thE!- PremieL look . _ '-. eff from Japan to the day he Itook oH from Manila for Japan the weather conditions happened to be ideal. Men cannot rule weatl~r cQnditions nor can m en even forecast with any degree of aecuracy the fiying conditions over a long period of time. Th e corning of Premier Gen:eral · Hideki T ozyo to - the Philippines and the conviction that'-he formed by his corning are great steps forward towards ,the....culmition of Philippine independence. So I say. in the d epth of all my religious belief. jthat the independence of the Philippines under the sponsorship and active·· cooperatio of Japan is a faet attes~d to by Divine Provide ce and that it was lef by Divine Will for an iental country like Japa~ to sponsor the inde ndence ef another Oriental !eeuntry like the Phil. pines. You may have possiHly obtained independ ence from the Americans but we not only doubt th e occurence but we I;fuestiorl ~ery D;lt~eh whether you could have maintained tIkat independence for a great length of time. The lindependence of the Philippines must be maintaine~!; and the gr!lnting an d maintenance of Philippine I independence is· leff by Divine \Vill to the people of the Japanese Empire. T he independence of the Philippines is a matter completely in the h~nds of Divinity. I say that the ind ep endence of this country materializing within six months and sooner if conditions warrant. is again in the hands of the Destiny steering the fate- of mankind. A t this moment I wish to call . upon every single individual composing the 18.000.000 Filipinos that it is now within their power to accelerate the centuryold ambition of their forefathers. the complete inde- .

vi


pendence of this country. I appeal mostly to you, leaders of your people, to show within the next six months complete self-efficiency, complete self-abnegation and complete self-sacrifice for the interest of the gt>eater whole. Forget your individuality because to_ day your country requires complete harmony and sol!darity as never heretofore seen in these islands. The independence of the Philippines within th e next sbc: months will depend to a preponderant d egree on the unity of efforts and on the interest and the complete self-abnegation shown by you lead ers as 's~ !1 as by your _people in the interest of the entire natio n. I shall have the _o):casion at a su bsequen t ti me ~ o go further into the details of wha t remains to be done in the next six months. But I wish at this mOClent to comman-d you to this great task. appealing to your sense of unity and solidarity and .the complete abnegation of yourselves in the interest of the whole, and to congratulate you at the same time on this momentous event which is fast approachi~g these shores..-the independence of the Philippines which has been the age-long dream of your forefathers and of yourselves.

I

vii

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ADDRESS 'BY THE DIRECTOR-GENERAL OF THE JAPANESE MIUTARY " ADMINISTRATION AT THE OATH-TAKING OF FOR-" MER MEMBERS OF THE USAFFE. " i I.

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It gives me great pleasure to he present at this solemn oath-taking ceremony and witness the sincerity with which you have all s.wom to collahorate wholeh eartedly with the Imperial Japanes~ Army,- I sha ll ta ke advantage of this occasion to give you a f~w words of advice. hoping that they will serve to guide you in your actions and conduct in the -future. All of you who took the oath today were once memh ers of the USAFFE and, as such. took up arms and participated in hostilities against _the. Imperial Japanese Army. In the course of hattIe. many of you were captured and interned as prisoners of war hut were suhsequently released. due to sickness and other reasons. the magnanimous and unheard-of treatment of provisional release. You were allowed to home to live with your families even while hostilities were still in progress. The rest of you were separated fro m your companies and remained in hiding until ¡ quite recently. However, the Imperial Japanese Army is today formally granting to you the status of regularly release d p l'isoners of war. to enjoy from this . d a te on. comple te ease of "m ind and freedom of action s im ilar to those e njoyed h y your other comrades. This., a ct of m a gn an imity an d b enev olen ce is the direct ou t('ome (>f th e wish es o f H is E xcellen cy, th e CommandeI -in¡Chief of d ie Imperi al Jap a n ese Forces in the P hilippi n es. and is a further manifes tation of the fact tha t the Imperia l Ja panese A rmy's foremost concern is the ra pid rejuvenation of the N ew Philippines a nd the speed y re turn of normalcy to the lives of the p ea ceful inhabitants of th ese Islands.

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Your other comrades-in-arms. who were granted release after having gone through the regular course of ins tructio n and baining. a re now adively parti__

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fott;.most ~ "rahks 9f the pe¡ople. in rebuilding- the New Philippines:' Some of them are serving in lonely post-s under the most difficult and trying circumstances. happy in the thought that through their self-sacrificing serv ice. their country may be able to advance one step closer ~o the goal of independence. The Imperial Japanese Army has but one- request to make of yo u w ho have taken the oa.th today. Assume l ikewise your positions at the head of th e column a nd 'm ake of yourselves shining exa m p les to the m asses of the peopl e. ,vith the sam e inctoin ttable ;;p:rH that yo u h a ve ;3nO\.... n in other tli m es of yo u r rountry\) n e ed. ParHcipilte energetically and aC lively i " ma in tain ing clomesric p eace and order ; hei estahlish econo rni c se.!f-suf ficiency among yo~r peopfe ; and. linaily. hasten and give impetus to the process of reorientation whi ch your c ountry is now undergoing. The independence of the Pliilippines is now 'w ithin your reach ; th e day and hour of its final achievemen t lie entirely in the hands of the present generation. Th e Imperial Japanese Army asks nothing of you in retu rn for its present act of magnanimity in granting your release. except that you dedicate yourselves to the common cause of achieving the independence of the Philip. pines "in the shortest possible time."

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I close my instntctions to you with the sincere wish that you .may all. have every success in the future. I have every confidence that you will all devote yourselves !lnstintedly. and with utter disregard to personal sacllifices. to the noble Eause which is your greatest inheritance from your forefathells _and which history has destined 'should be carried into triumphant achievement in your own gener'ltion. and through your own efforts. with the active collaboration of the Imperial Japanese Army. March 16th. 18th Year of Syowa.

ix

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COMMUNiQUE OF THE IMPERIAL JAPANESE 'ARMY IN THE PHILIPPINES, ON JUNE 18th, THE 18th YEAR OF SYOWA "In accor<'l'a nce with the rec;:ent pronouncement of Premier General Hideki T ozyo at the 82nd Extraordinary Session of the Imperial Diet, that the Fhilippines will be granted independenee in the course of ,the current year, and based upon suhsequent inslroctions re. ceived from the Imperial Japanese Government, the Highest Commander of the Imper.ial Japanese .Army i~ the Philippines has jlJst issued an order to the Ka~ IIbapi for the immediate fomnation of a PREP'AR.A.-

TORY COMMISSION FOR JDHIUPPl1\TE INDE. PENIDENCE to be composed o£ r Elpresentatives of the Filipino people." .:,.


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b~e fost~ ~nl_~~Gte~, _ !lt~g-~. :edti~~_~~rie~ and lor thls tile basic principles eduCation rellllOn,

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of

in the Philippines! as sd ltirl'L. ill, Military Order No. 2. - issued by th~' (A,nlJ;:lIlniIe~id-Ch'ier. ' of ,~ Imperial

Japanese Forces i~ 194:t ~ri',a,nveYin'g more and more a newer meaning ' ~n(l ~igrii~&rtlce 'at thiS momenL

tliat the success of the reconstruction

- It is of the

lies in the thor.oueh, J:q)IUllmelnt

shoulders. t~fore. as ~11l~.~Qr.SUlt_9Ievl~jQJ~ed responsibilitY' 9E trhstf

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1ft -·~iic1tiji6i

if is ffij ' siiice-;;:5 ~_~~ tLa~; 7-.:JU 'would EuIfilf unselfishly the mission -;;fi~led ta"fj)ix -and- tLat you :would strive .forward -and ex~ Your -nt'most>:- -eHcnt: tmrcJs-; ~.'. ~Iflplet~';' -realb:a.tion, of the a,£oremeDtilm:ea~ -hiiadamentai-- PrilrcW1efi-i· oE-- Waailion 'and tlii~ticldngp-of<t,Nippbif~' asr;-ti?~tipg link :atilong ' 1:he'rcO~~ ~(tIle: Great~ Eaiit--Asia eG, .ProsPerity .splre~~:a'Dd :titus ilive- lip ~td1iie'- ~tion : '=-ahd Wishes or.tlre Nbv PhiliPpines.;' 1.. ~~:-o~' ;:",'1 , l;;-U ~"'~f~'lf~-i.h'; ~ - i- '1 " § -~rt ti. i.. ~'l:~.r~~~'l:L '- ._ ~ >_.,~pe ;S~-~o_S-~~~ J -,~JP___ , , ~~~il: ~<'!)~~ ';,.;It,'t'-t;i't -

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f people of Japan 'who will not be determined to rise and follow in the foo tSeps of th_ese heioes. , "None of us Will fail to strengthen an'e w his determination not to cease fighting until the enemy is completely defeated. , Only" because, there were such hero~s ant thos~ that' foIIo~ the~ iu-e" ,~'e assured of final victory in the present war. " . f:~ - , ..... . Recalling together; with you the great' and distiii~hed 'services of thfi lafe' Fleet· Admiral IsoraIiu L - Yaiiiamoto ' oth~r loyal!' and brave'" officerS": ' and men who have died. ' I wish,' to; express ' our sincE;'r e sorrow an d ' pledge~ at the sam~ time t hat we shall dedicate ourSefvJs ,to tlie task of- defeating our en~mies and thus answer to the loyal spirits of these fallen _' heroes." 1 wish also ' at this oppOrtnnity to pray_ with youp. . gentle:.Den: - for the: speedy-- recovery ' o£-j the wounded and sick of,ficers ' and -men and the -early 'a~ar of. the day ' when they -will see serVic~ 'Iig¢n. - O il, the other hand I Wish ;- to. ten da:: my' ex~ssion . , of' oin- heartfelt . ~pathy to the faniiliE!S' of those who have died on the battlefield.o-' ~.n"Gc , 0-",,<>,:- '1, ~-:n..~ "Now under the August Virlu'e of ' His Majesti. our stra tegic position which insures victorY' in ' Greater East Asia is b eing strength ened . day by day with the vast resources of the region- being ' rapidly converted into our fighting power. This development on our part ' in Creater East Asia is' one that : seals the fate of our enemies. . " '';' .... ' , <" p':!' "Alarmed by the rapidity of the development' of our- position . th e U~ited S tates and G reat Bri tain are a ttempting to ~heck or ~bs truct it at a ll cost. They increasingly sh ow signs of m akin g coun ter-offensivesby mobiliZing their entire material forces which are their sole reliance. "But these are things which Japan has naturally foreseen. Seizing the opportunity of ·such counteroffensives of th e enemies. the Imperial ,J apanese -forces- ar~ mee~g them wherever they come. Our for~es' are not inflicting telling hIow~' ,'0'0.' them but also developing new m-ethods t o . defe~.t them: In ¥!Ict, the ~m~ez:ial ,forces ~ now, c~ng . ou!

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-: :,> Tn the , -th~""'B~~~:T~~~xl Ii-ciifffer ~lifid in the Pacific they d'elil- -kcreasinttly se~ere blows to the enemy, Thus th~'wiif'siimition--lJ,ec~riies " increaSingly tense and the :b~ttres ~ich re-pe~tedIy .take place are more grim ~hd 't'lftific ;~'

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"':~'The ~time has -just arri\>ed wh~n

100,000 ,000

of our

p~~~Ie. <fii:nly 'holding- their position of sure -victory,

sh7nild fully d'emonstrate the real merit of their .spiri t of loyalty and patriotism with inflexib le fa ith in ul· timate victory that grows as nationa l dangers in · • <:Iease:""'a strong point in the tradition of our nadon, In .the pres~nt circumstances such as those described ab~ve:"':lel ~ not oVe'rioo-I. the painful and precarious sitUlition which confronts the' Ang!o-Sa.'(on countries and "which 't hey are trYing by aU means to hide, ;··.. Oti~ ri~tion i jrr fight ' out this' war"of will power ~nJ ;'i~ this :o'f peTSe~erance by ' putting forth 'all . our 'efforts ~ntiI that day when o~r adversaries are brought to submission. . 'Th~ . p;~se~t tr~-itd 'in Gi;ater 'E~;t'. Asia' reveals that . th~>o!lfidenc~: of...!P~ ~~o~M~~ " ~~,,d.. ,Re!>p,le of this region in Japan lis :well .a s their sincere and voluntarY' coo~era'tion' ~tIi ~ fo;.''the 'su~~essf~1 pro'secutiOlC of lhe"~~~'-are breconii~g "s~~nger 'd ay by day. ~"Ha.vn;i ·r'e~e~f1y ': yt;ite:r China;' ManchouI.uo 'aI:d ' th~ Philwpine~:" ariCI ha~n' ha'(J opportunities to ?Atn~!t§'!. peh6miIIy,'~chiitl · co'riditioti:s~ ~h :'the ' sp~'t and c~dY "'011' rii'riI.' excKah'g~s 'Of views and opir:J,iZin with the"" pririaphl ' lead~rs""tnere. I h~ve been 'further s~~~th~n",d: fit rl{y i~Ii~c~on'·!egru..dirii this 'point ::' ;:IT, 'GOES~ ',SAYING ' THAT IT)S JAPAN'S .." ~ABLE '·POLIC:Y ; TO ·FREE

war

WITHaur

GREATER EAST ASIA PERMANENTLY FROM THE AGE·LONG ANGLO-SAXON DOMINATION AND RESTORE TIllS REGION TO ITS NATURAL AND. PROPER CONDITION. VARIOUSMEASURES WIDCH ' JAPAN HAS - TAKEN HAVE ALL BEEN IN PERFECT CON-SISTENCY WITII TIllS FUNDAMENTAL POLlCY.

xv .

1

_I

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. i

- "With . the passing of. year and _ ~ half I"""'''<''_ ~'''''''< :'-1 outbrea1 -~of th~ 'wat'... 'th~ ~n~- Greater I : thoroughly, understanding th~ ~ ;intep!io~l;iD~~---dEfJ18.~ is fully, c~nvin~ed tkt th~~_ c~~ot tion of Greater East Asia without torY of Japan and that there cal-I!_.)~...!l-.!;U~~~!-~-----i-l for these peopI~s witho~ -in 1. . . .11-rt1"" tinn era.in Greate~ East for-- congratulation for the II1- view of such a situation. the ponse tQ - the enth~iastig coop~ratipn. of, is considering at this th~ i~itiation, measures. - --': ' - . , " .',,'

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leaders like General Pang Ping-hsun, Sun T ien -ying and Jun Tzu-heng, one after another, are leaving the Chungking regime to join President \ Van g is a n a t ural development attendant upon the rebirth of China. Such a vigorous rise i n the development of China , indeed, is a source of genuine gratification for: China herself, for' Asia and for th e entire world. On om part¡ we heartily felicitate the rise of C hi n a a n d we are determined more than ever to assist h er bv all m ea ns available. In th is spirit w e in tend to ~;ake fu n damental revis io ns in th e trealy betw,>en J i) D\:\l1 '1~1ci China with a v ie,"v to _ nha ll~i ng fu rther ; l~e ::!.c:i'1:~ cooperation b etween tne two coun tri es. "Turning t~ Thailand ...ve find tha t coun tly . havi ng discarded all her intricate relations of long sta n ding with the United States and Great Britain, bravely joined fate with Japan. Under the leadership of Prime Minister Phibun Songgram she is marching valiantly and vigorously forw ard, surmounting numerous d ifficulties in the way, for which I w ish to pay my profound respects. In promoting close r collaboration with Thailand we are f'i rmly resolved to extend her oUr utmost cooperation in the military, economic and political fields. ' Furthermore, I wish to declare , here that Japan. considering the aspiration of that nation and being solicitous for the further advancement of that eountry, is prepared to afford _her n ew coo~erati()n.

"As regarding BU'm 1a, we received in our capital as you know Chief Administrator Dr. Ba Maung in March, this year, to whom I conveyed the decision of our government. That we could see clearly the earnest determination of the Chief Administrator and other leaderS in regard to the independence of Burma and her cooperation to prosecute successfully in the present war is a fact of which you, gentlemen, are well aware. "It is gratifying to note that a preparatory commision for independence was organized on May 5, and the necessary preparations for independence a re steadily progressing. It is my confident expectation that

xvii

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these prepa rations wiIl be completed in a very short time and the glorious day of historic importance will soon arrive.

"WIlli REGARD TO TIlE PHILIPPIl\T£S JORGE B. VARGAS. CHAIRMAN OF TIIE EXECUTIVE COMMISSION. AND OTHER LEADERS ARE EARl'l"'ESTLY DEVOTING THEIR BEST EFFORTS TOWARD THE RECONSTRUCTION OF THE ISLA..NOS AS WELL AS TOWARD COOPERATION \VITH JAPAN FOR THE PROSECUTION OF THE WAR. V'HIILE THE PEOPLE IN GE1\TERAL WHO HAVE COP-IE TO UNDERSTAND OUR TRUE Il\:TEt\1'J10~S ARE EXTEN DING US , POSITIVE SERVICE. "OUR ATTITUDE REGARDING TIlE INDEPENDENCE OF THE PHILIPPINES HAS ALREADY BEEN CLARIFIED IN · OUR RE~ PEATED PRONOU:\lCEMENTS IN THE PAST. AT THIS JUNCTLTRE \ \ 'E \ V1SH TO GO A STEP FURTHER A,\D DECLARE THAT \ VE vVILL ACCORD THE HO:'\OR OF II\:UEPE..N DEf\JCE TO THE PHILIPPINC:S IN THE COURSE OF THE CURRE..;T YEl \R. "THE PEOPLE O F THE PHILIPPINES. \ 1./HO HAD BEE~ TOTLI. -G t~"\'DER THE CR.\ FTY l \MERICA"i .. RlJLE _- ~":D \ VHO R\\IE L O~G nz-oE~<

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?' j-r_.'\c.::' ()F r'~~ ~ :'~ ",7:=\::> {~ :.. .-~ ; '.!": ~._;~~\-., 'i, - ~-C} _·\T~_ ~·~ ~ : _1- :-::': ~::~ - -=-'; " .=~ .' :I~~~~I :-:T11:~i; .:. ~~--. :--l ~:; _'\ \ 1 IT;-n. < _=_ -.: --~ > ~ -_1=-. ~: ~ ~ -..:::: ) ? TI-IE CYL~~RRE .\~~ l= \ ~- T!-iE ?H.E::,E.'\} \\-.\R. \lvE Ct...I\ 'NELL J:' IAGI~E TH E FEEUl\:G OF GR 'cTWIC~TIO: - (Y',' THE PART OF Tht: FILI?i. -0 PEOPLE. THIS. i>~ DEED IS .f!... l't~T­ TER FOR SINCERE COl'\'GRATLJLATION FOR THE PHIUPPlf\JES L,\ PARTICUlAR AND FOR GREATER EAST _\ SIA f\ GENER.AL" . " The n ative populations of 1--1alai. Sumatra. Djawa. Borneo-:- C elebes a nd o th er places under Japanese rriilitary adminis tratio n are assiduously extending

xviii


th eir coopera tion towar.d Japan. Even in the midst of the war they have been hberated- and accorded education" l a n d cultural blessings under. the - sympathetic guidance of Japanese authorities so that they are now en joy ing a life of hope and happiness never experien ced in th e "Ras t. It is. I believe: a matter or h earty cOIl g-ril tula tion fo r th e Indonesian people. It is our intenti on to go furth er and. in pursuance of th e aspira tions of (he nath·es. w e wiII - take measures s re p :)Y Sf p envisaging' th e oa rtic ipation of the native populati,'\ns in· ihe Joyernmt'"n t ~ o a n extent com:11en ;:ur"k w ith ~h ,> dc(!ree of their a b ility in th e course of th :,·CCli·. !n p,:!rti~cuJ ar ye in ten d to rea li ze this state -o f .:IHairs uS ea rly as possib le in Djawa in view o f th e OI dvan ced con di tion s of the island' and in resp on se to th e d es ire of the people there. "A!; for F re nch Indo- C hina. Fr~nch authorities there . me d o in !! w ell under the ra ther comolicated a n d d ifficult situ a tio n . Japa n intends to eHect an ev er closer coop eratio n w ith Fren ch Indo-China illaccord a n ce wi th th e J apan-French protocol concerning th e joint d efen se of French Indo·China. " In this way the great ideal which inspired the founding of the Japanese Emphe ' that ,all co_untries and p eopies should' enjoy pe~ce and security is b.eing steadily rea lize d throug~ut the region of Greater Eas t A sia. A brillilint dawn has thus broken over , the pee p-Ies in this quarter of the ,globe who hav~ suffered for many years from the exploitation of othe; countries. "In contrast vyith the steady and vigorous d evelopm ent achieved by a ll countries and peoples of Asia. India. is still going through a terrible ordeal in the process of attaining complete independ~nce under Britain's ruthless oppression . "For this pli ght of Indi a I fe el a d eep sympathy and ind igna tion , J a p a n is firmly resolved to exhaust all m eans in order to help and eliminate from India Anglo -Saxon influences which are the e nemy of the Indian p eople and enable India to attain full inde, penden ce in th e true sense of the term.

xix

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"I â&#x201A;Źonfidcntly look to the day which I know will soon come when the ardent widespread desires of the Indian people will be fulfilled and they will regain freedom and prospeRty. 'Turning to the European situation. we see Ger-- -many;- -Italy -and- their allies -marching' ahead toward ultimate victory -and tightening their iJignment with Japan ever more closely. I firmly believe in the success of the magnificent prosecution of the war by Germany, Italy and theif' allies by virtue of their impregnable position which has already been secured and the innexible leadership which is assured of victory. -"Japan pledges to fight through ' to common victory shoulder-to-sho.ulder with Germany, Italy and their allies by drawing closer together and mutually extending aid and assistance. "Our enemies the Anglo-Sa.'ton ~ountries are making the end justify the means. They are disturbing peace everywhere in the world, endeavouring to force neutral powers into the War. After they induced other nations into the war, they ~iII make it a point to let the latter bear the brunt of fighting, avoiding sacrifices on their part as much as possible. However, once the situation .takes an adverse tum, they do not hesitate to forsake their allies and their past pledges and promises. They used to -profess their stand for the protection of the independence oC smaller states. But they now made a complete uolteface advocating hegemony by the great powers They have no scruples nor are they ashamed to seek ease and effort for themselves at the sacrifice ot others. _ "I take this opportunity to pay my respects to those nations who firmly maintain their neutrality in the face of Anglo-American intrigues. . " Amicable relations are being maintained between Japan and those countries. It is 110ped that these friendly bonds will be drawn still doser. _ ']1te situations at home and abroad certainly are not ,vithout diHiculties. Under the current situation.

xx


the 100.000.000 people of Japan have renewed their will to fight it out in order to discharge their duties as worthy subje~ts of His Majesty. They have given their pledge to prosecut~ the war with all thp.ir might to a successful conclusion by sharing the determination of th'e officers and men of the gallant Imperial forces on the battlefields. At this important junctUre. the government is seeing to it that this renewed pledge is fully carried out. ." In order to prosecute this great war to a glorious te rm ination by winning victories on the battlefiel9s and su cceedin g construction. the government is delermined to sunnount all obstacles whether at home or abroad.

in

"Fortunately our industrial production has been remarkably improved and expanded since the later part of last year. The go~ernment will further reinforce the war structure with the wholehearted cooperation of the people and concentrate all the efforts of the nation as the augmentation of fighting power. "It is for this purpose that tll.e government petitioned the Throne to convoke the present extraordinary session of the Diet and sub~itted the budget and bills relating to the readjustment of enterprises and emer. gency increase in the production of food. "The proposed readjustment of entei-prises is intended to make the entire nation contribute to the augmentation of fighting power by extending the principle of the past readjustment of enterprises and executing a thorough-going readjustment in every department of industry. "The concerted effort of the entire nation is absolutely necessary for the smooth execution of this plan. "All people are urged: therefOre:- fo -a pprecfii te ffie- - - '---~ government's intentions an d cooperate with the gov' ernment positively by completing the readjustment this month. if possible. by pla cing the ri ght m a n in the right place so as to enable each to give full play to his abilities. -

xxi


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"The 'me sure -u~der . e~temp1ation -WiU- entail the defrayme!lt' r several billions of yfln: -;- The - ye'n 'for the disposin of -funds for the ' readihstment of :erit~­ prises has een submitted ·to die IYier.-~ , .}.,.-,, ! ~,~ , - . "The_ entire Japanese people; who have already

. been endea:vFnp~n~ase"--Sa¥in~~an~..:.ecori~DuzI?­

- - - - -+

in consumpt~on, ar,e ~~~ested t?~eJ~.u~l~_ their .~!f~fu to - check the floating purcha~ng .power and pr~serve national ec~ nomic. order. . y. ! .-'U""'" !f . . "

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. "II: is harJny 7 ii"ece~5ary' to m'erition ' that -th~' 'goV:m =- ni~nt is tak~ng alI poSsible measures with 'regare{ 't~ r~~d~ whichr~;~n~c,~s~§Y _. ~r - safe.~a~ailig · .ri,~~ojuJ livelIhood dUrIng Waifune, _ At _the present stage of war, howevJr. pamcuIarly ...strenuous effor~""m~f b'b puf·· fOl1ttl fOIl attaining. ; seIf~sufficiencr-jn-.£Qoa, 'by paying consideration toall conti~gencie~ll!; In:~ line~With "this policy; the gove~eni< -intends to. ...effecf an ew':chal increaS~ i!! the' production ' of rice; wheat: pota': toes;.,-· and th~ir foodstuffS'. Wilk a vieW'·~to 'pladng.I~~ matter of foad supplies· 'in a most reassuring position in these cri~cal time§. -:' r...£:. ,,~;" -,, " ;j$':'1-

I

.. "WhiI~ -conducting administration- in 't,h e- m~;t effii:ient' mann -r~ the go.vermnent i~te'nd§ lk ~ar~h Jo~': ward toward filial viCtOc.y by 'suspending Dr 'aIJ~'n:9o';':: - iog all actiiti~ haVing h o -direct beai:ing' upon ~i:he . prosecution f the war and mohilizing both the' government an -the- people foli [War pro~uction. ~':l.~,,:,,: _ j;,':"It is'' in line with this policy: thai the goverllD}ent -· has decided not to -hold elections for: prefectural. · as: semblies this year and submitted- a legislation. bill. re. -' , . lating to it. -"It is my earnest deSire that' y ort, gentlemen~-' un-derstanding ..the government's intenijOlis ' I· liave.., jUst. stated~ will deliberate ~ver and speedily approve · tIle budget and legislations hills sub.mitted by' the govem-

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OF --MAYORS. AND SENIOR '~'" ~.uLARY .INSPECTORS OF THE ._ 'lcl Iii; VINCES ..;OF MINDANAO !iAT '·h;:.;- -:r '.'~'", VAO~;=:MA Y -27. i943. · '- ·....,~~-.::'7~~$,l ~l_

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·~J't~ke~e~t pl~~su;~ in addr;;-ssing ' thi;-ConvenHori. of 'Governors; City Mayors and Senior Constabulary . Inspectors of the provi nces of IVlindanao . It' should be indeed a matter of great pride and' re._ joking fOJ' .;aILth~ peoples of~t Asi; Jhat. tQday- in _ ·this regioh : bf the globe. the invincible might or Nip~ poJ.--has.'.:;8n~cessfnIIy and -conclusively extermi~a:ted , ~e&-<·tIfa6e ;C;-f';c~hhnY"-Cild Ariglo:American oppi-~si~n aft-d domiiia:iit;n of Oriental 'peoples-and Asia is onc~ al liin :the ' free 'iuid libe~ated Asia for Asiatics. As to the' Philippines. a glorious' future awaits her. 'un der~ .the protection and with the active cooperation of NipPon. ., ancLupini . the : aggressive fnIfillnient of .lier . . :ijahlraI; iiole -a& a'·m embef 'Of the co-prospenty ,jpliere; ~-. th~Lfong~~a~t~d ."':. ': of ,thiS .'. .\ft-a'~ ,

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the ..ear:liesl:po,ssmle

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xxiii


d;;;reda'tio'ns on distant ~d defenseless harrios.- It is especially regrettahle hecause the ti~e is now ripe and the golden- opportunity as clearly expressed by His Exc~nency> the Premier. who stated tllat Japan is not only willing but even eager to give independence to the philiPpine's if the Filipinos give further pi-oof that they are cooperating 100% with Japan. There can be no question today ,that these isolated bands of guerrillas and ruffians should he hranded as public enemies and traitors to, the .cause of Fhilippine independ~nce ' aO(t~ ~';ucK:~ror~ibry 'i~d ~'peedily" eliihinated from " your ·iD.i~t if the peaceful inhabitants of this islan~ who constitute ' the great~ mafo~iY; are t~ huiIdlbi . tliemselves and their posterity a c::.otinfry of peace and , . pk~.t;Y~ . At. the saDl~ time. it. is also recognized that not ~a!1.. of" these recalcitrant people are al;!solq.tely :beyon~ Jtope~of salvation and for this reason. the poJicyor--eW:igh~enme~~ -and education is. advocated hand in hand.~Y1~. th~ ·policj oJ .force .an4 annihilation.-..:.. '(his lt~!!n~ and magnB.lliJ!lo~ pgliq- of the lmperiaLJa_.- ~~~e. :fo~ even, against these 1ands 0(. guerrilliu ..' fmc! tuf£ians emanate from the same high prinCiples which guided the High Command in the campaigni in Bataan when. in spite of the fact that it had all the means within its power to completely annihilate .the USAFFE forces to the last man. His Excellency, the ~mmander-in-Chie£ of the Imperial Japanese Expeditionary Forces to the Philippines. held back this tremendouS striking power hecause ,t he opposing forces in Baman consisted primarily of Filipino youths. and . it was not our purpose to kill Filipino soldiers since -. Japan had come to the Philippines for the express purpose of liberating these Islands from the cheins of American domination and to h elp t he Filipinos set up their own independent nation. I have previously outlined to ail Filipinos the three =-~ essen:~aI rec@ire~entg _~or the attainment of Philippine

ilide1!iiide-tice: _ .T hey ·are firSt: the speedy restoration of peace 'MrJ':>rder through the- initiative and 'enterprise of the Filiphio themselves;' second, the early establish: 'o f a self-sufficient economic structure for the


- ""' ; e

I

Philippines and third. .the spiritual and intellectual reorientation and rejuvenation of the Filipinos and their return to the Oriental fold. I also pointed out_that the mostimpor.tant factors towards early attainment of independence _was positive action and tangible accomplishments. 'I wish to reiterate my advice to the Filipino people and to stress again the paramount importance of restoring complete peace and 'order at the earliest date because without peace and order there -<an be no basis for security and prosperity for the masses -of people. I enjoin you to restore peace a nd order otherwise you can never attain the honor of independence and with this fact in mind. to redouble your efforts' under the guidanc~ of the Director of the Mindanao Branch of the Japanese Military Administration. towards the accomplishment of this primary objective.

!

In the fulfillment of this responsibility you will require firm determination and great will-power. You will be called upon to take your positions at the very head of your people and lead them by personal examples of courage. enterprise. and self-sacrifice. Your responsibilities are heavy and grave but I know you will not fail yourselves or your country.

His Excellency. the Commander-in-Chief. has repeatedly -expressed his genuine love and concern for the 18 million Filipino people. You yourselves are the objects of his complete trust and confidence. 1. therefore. call upon all leaders o,~ Mindanao .to take into full account the realities with which the -Philippines are confronted to survey _accurately. with a dear eye to the future. the history-making developments which have already taken place or are fa;t developing in international events imd with deep knowledge and firm conviction derived from serious reflections upon the great historical trend of the times. give your heart and soul to the cause of Philippin-;; independence which was never so dose- to -matenalization that it is today.

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May 27th. 18th Year of Syowa

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INSTRUCTIONS OF THE DIRECTOR-GENERAL OF THE JAPANESE MILITARY ADMINISTRATION AT THE ADMISSION CEREMONY OF THE FOURTH AND FIFTH TERM TRAINEES OF THE NORMAL INSTITt)TE. AUGUST 24th. THE 18th YEAR OF SYOWA. It is a gveat pleasure for me to address :you on the -occasion of yo ur admission into this Normal Institute as the fourth _and fifth term trainees. A year has passed stnce this Institute "yas established with a view to. reforming the education in the . Philippines and hla.ining tea ohers of the Japanese language. The teachers who have received training h ere number about 600. They are now in . the forefront of th e educational work in the Philippines, and I am very -satisfied with the sJillendid services they are rendering at their posts. It is not ' too much to say that the renovation of ' Philippine ed~.ica­ tion is at present originating hom this Institute. Such laudable achievements of the offiCials and graduates of this InstitmIte show that ' the FiliJili~a" peo!'>le ca"il regain their Ori ental virtues. alad swfftly rid th~m­ selves of th e Anglo-American influences. I am confid ent, therefore, of the . refor-ill of .the:· Phi!t!'>pines, des tin ed as she is to be an integral member of the Greater East Asia Co-Prosperity .sphe.re: The day will not be far off when the ,Philippines will glory in her independence . . You ·.are being admitted into this Institute at this important moment" , ro: t; ,<2' p urpose of studying~ !he Japanese -language o;]C1 ;ormtng 2. fa ir and a ccurute idea about the . situati (1 1-. i J~ East Asia and th.e world. -, _ eu llave b e-:n chosen as pioneers to gi';e a new orientation to the education in the Philippines. It is a privilege and honor for .you, and I congratulate yo u from th e bottom of my heart. I request, at the same time, that you will vigorousli proceed {o·.. accomplish the spirituaf renovation of the Philippines as befitting a free and independent nation', 'with no less zeal mad energy than your predecessors. I"

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INSTRUCTION OF THE DIRECTOR-GENERA L OF THE JAPANESE MILITARY ADMINISTRATION AT THE FIFTH GRADUATiOS CERH'ION Y OF THE TRA IST:'-!G 11'-:STlTUTE O F FOP.J.vIER l ;S, i f FE OFFICERS AND ;\ lE\ ' ,

-,..---,- It is ind'e ed n " rcu l n leusu,e I r!d :-,"'" n 1--.-: - " '(;3 of instructio~1S ~n t' h~s si nr~ i fi c~,'i. ,. :~': (k :C' ··: nJ ':L~; graduation ccrcm o l1ic~s of the [ j i ,i, ;f',',\, n, stitute for F onner L'sn Hc P. i,- n. (I

.

D;.iril~g

ti l ... ~ h 0rt pl"' r ich< ~r I : 't) t! i l €l':'~ ,, '· r,:::: .. SITucli 0 H5 and ' · Gr:ull i:':. ,V~ '1 ',',.tI.,. : succe$sfuily fulfiile d ~;1 t: - : : > _" ,, _ . , thus being crowned Y~-H:h the gIOi'Y o i' gi·ad l..t: ~ i.lvn «'-

in th e lnsiitu tc:,

day, On this occasio n , I w ish to expt ess m y sin ce. res t cong-ra tulation for the brill ia nt results o f your tra il; ing in the Institute , and I can not but (Ji w \Y Ord S of bl essing upon th e bright Uuture th a t lies ;:head of you, Now that 'every p repara tio n for ,th e estab l ishm ent of the New Philippines h a s steadily been made. it is - no t long b e fore your cher ish e d dream cf a n independent Philippines viiII soon see its r ea l,zation, On this m emorable occasio n of he r gioriou s history. you are going 10 form the bad:-Sc il'! th ,· I\ cw Philippines. In vi ew of the ampl e ~,h ij;l)' d la t you .have shown during the training !' ,,! ,' i ~d in (h e Ins titute. it is m y convIction tha t yot! live ~j) to our high expectation s, not withstand ~ ng th e res ~ o i1sibilities which are now entrus te d 10 Y OU , • It is my earnest desire that, with tile fiml fa ; th and conviction that you have acquired in the Institute. you will loave a perfect u n dersta nd:n O' of the n e\,,, siluution in E a st Asia. ex ert utm os t eff~l' t with all might' and inte ll ige n ce. and re n d e r const" nt and enduring services fo r the establishme nt of th e ;\:cw Philippines as an organic uni t of the Greater E as t Asia Co-prosperity Sphere,

or

,,-in

S ep t, ::l7th. the 18th year of Syowa ,

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1-lNSTRUCTJONS OF THE DlRECTOR-GEI\'ERAL OF THE MILlT ARY ADMINISTRATION AT THE SIXTH ADMISSION CEREMONY OF THE TRAINING INSTITUTE FOR FORMER USAFFE OFFICERS AND :'-fEN. OCTOBER 41,h, THE l Blll YEA R OF SYO\V A It is a pleasure for me to address you on (-he occasion of th e si xth admis!ion ceremony at the Institut ' ou h a ve take n the oath of alleglance to th e Comma ndeF-in-Ch ief of th e Japanese Forces in th e Philipp ines. Y ou have entered a n e-w life with hi gh sp irits. and faithfully obeyed the directions of the Phili p pin e - au thorities. You have discovered a faith and pride in the fact that yon are Orientals-that . .. you are Fili p inos. who ' are abouf to attain freedom and independence. and will -take -no orders from other nations in the future. Thus you have qualified yourselves to be admitted into this Institute. I am very gratified with, this and I congratulate you from the bottom o f my heart. You can se e for YOUl'selves. if you have a sane sense. and clear conscience. the actual events taking place in East Asia. You must have realized that the Anglo-American influences have been roo ted out and exterminated in East Asia. and finn foundatiops have been laid for the construction of a n e\,' ortie, on the basis of morality under the lea d ership or Japan. Your own country, the P hilippines , is e:~ ­ pected to be one of the star pInyers in the Greatel East A sia CD-Prosperity Sphere. The inauguration of the Republic of the Philippines is close at hand. It will be a matter of a few days. since the preparations for independence have been completed. thanks to the uns~.,.erving detennination of your leaders and the -whole-hearted cooperation of your people. At this historic moment you are a bout to enter this Institute to receive training. which wiIl enable you

xxviii


in the future to perform honorable du ties in the serviâ&#x201A;Źe of your country and people. You fought agai nst u s, a rid you k illed our peop le. t-~ until you were defea ted. But you fou ght w ell. a n d you were brave ; you thought tha t yo u were - d oing . your duty for th e d efense of you r coun try, allh ough , you must have realized , you w ere u tterly misgu ide d by the Americans. Now you must th ink o f your fa thers and grand fathe rs who fough t an d died for the independen ce of your counn-:;. ~ hey :lid not sh ed th ei r b lood fo r the be n efi t o f ,)t he:' n(l iioJ1:J . but fo'c the fIlo ri of th e Philippines . \ \ "ha t 1 ~xi;e c: ); you is th a t y ou \vi ll u se your br2. Y.~ ~--:. .¡ ,"'t Il Ll 3"~ L1 $ C: .)i' duty for rightful purposes, w!~ich you must lear n and rea lize by faith fully follo w ing til e orde rs o f your instructors at this Institute.

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RESOLl'TiO:\J EXPRESSING APPRECl.路\ no_' OF THE SOLlCITUDE OF THE DIRECTORGENERA L OF THE ] APA, 'ESE M ILlTARY A D M I NISTRA TION FOR THE INTEREST AND VI/ELFARE OF iHE FILIPINOS Af\'D PLEDGING FULL COOPERATION VI/ITH HIM IN HIS EFFORTS TO HELP THE FILIPINOS TO BE ,\VORTHY OF THE HONOR OF I N DEPE N DENCE. \VHEREAS. H1s Excellency, Director-Gen eral o f the Japanese Military Administration, has always shown special solicitude for the interest and welfare of the people of the Philippines; . \VHEREA.S, he has d efinitely 4emonstrated this solicitude in preparing the Filipinos for their indepen' d ence;

WHEREAS. he has been a :sincere and constant fri end and protec~or of th e K..~LIBAPI from the inc!piency of its organization ;

I

cere appreciation of the solicitude of th e Direc to r-G er.eral of the Japanese l\1i li tary Administra! iOl', for T'_ interest and 'welfare of th e peo p le o f th.. Philippine: ;

I

A!\TD BE IT FURT;-ER j';::: ;;'U -\':::-:-) [;1"''' .:SPECL;.L ~_,~\Tl 0_ -_-\L CO:',,"\ 路E~;7i ')"', () ~: l l' ;-: .:_LIBAPI pledg ~s i: rul; c.;o i1e :', '. ' " , j)' E路 ,,路~ i-"l , .

I

BE IT. THEREFORE, RESOL\,ED thai th e SP ~. CIAL T\ATIONAL CO~-VENTI ON of tIle KA; :. BAPI eA-press. as it hereby expr esses . its d eep and 5;-.'

the Director-General. in ii'S (,'T(,<" lasi. (l ' J, ,,; p:nr :,:, indep end ent Philippines to be a -worthy ll1 eITlDer 0 1 ,~ . ~ Greater E ast Asia Co-P ro;;ppril: ' S!,h{'~ " Done in the City of l'-1a nil a. Phi lippin es, this 19::-' day of June', 1943,

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i; - -:"'~;.J~ RESOLUTION EXPRESSING THE CATEGORICAL PLEDGE BY THE IM- ;;: . PERIAL lAPANESE GOVERNMENT TO GRANT PHILIPPINE INDEPENDENCE WITHIN THIS YEAR. \ \'HEREAS, the IIIustrious Premier of Japan, General Hideki T ozyo, made the solemn pronouncement before the Imperial Diet on its 82nd extraordinary ses:: ;'111 !ha t Japa n " wi ll accord the honor of indepen·it: nce to the Philip-p>ines in the course of the current ':ear:

\ VHERE,\S, the grant of independence In the course of the current year" would be th~· 'fruition of the immemorial and unbroken struggle ' ~f the Filipinos for freedom and independence; and / • \VHEREAS~ it is blessed and glorious that the ho-_ nor of independence of the Philippines, Oriental geo graphically and racially, shouM be bestowed by an Orienta-! po';ver ; NOW, THEREFORE, BE IT RESOLVED, That the SPECIAL NATIONAL CONVENTION of the KALIBAPI (Association for Servic~ ·to the New Philippines) express, as it hereby expfesses, its profoundest .gratitude to the Imperial- Japanese Government for the grp.nt of Philippine independence within this year; BE IT ALSO RESOLVED, That the KALlBAPI show in the concrete its sincere appreCiation by strengthening the unification of ,the people, by securing complete peace and order, by laboriQg towards economic self-sufficiency, and by hastening our spiritual regeneration; and .thus make the indepe.Ddeiit Philippines a worthy member of the Greater ' E~st Asfa Co-Pros: peri.ty Sphere; and BE IT FINAllY RESOLVED, That the KALIBAPI affirm. as it hereby a f,fir,ms , its 'determinaHon- IEo---yf-:;;;;o£-- --'lcoIIaborate [ully with Japan in the establishment of new order of justice, peace, and prosperity in Greater East Asia and the world. Done in the City of Manila, Philippines, this 19th day of June, 1943. _

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APPROVAL GRANTED FOR ·' THE FORMATION OF THE PREPA_RATORY COMMISSION FOR PIDLIPPINE · INDEPEN- DENeB- AS COMPOSED OF MEM. BERS SELEOTED BY THE SPECIAL NATlONAt . 'CONVENTION OF THE KALlBAPI

th;

Approval is hereby granted to .t he formation of - Prepar!!.tory Commission for Philippine. Independence . as composed of the fonowing members selected by the Spe~i";J National C;onvention af the KALIBAPL The Commission is authorized to proceed immediately with the preparatory work for independence. .Pr~sident of ,the Commission: HON. JOSE P. LAUREL First ViCe-President~· Hon. Ramon AvanceiiaSecond Vice-President: -Hon. Benigri"o S. Aquino Members: . Hon. Jorge B. Viirgas "~ " Ho·n. Antonio de las Alas Hon. T eotilo Sison Hon: Rafael Alunan Ho'il. Claro M. Recto . Hon. Quintin PaFedes Him. Jose Y ufo Hon. Emilio Aguinaldo Hon. Miguel Unson Hon: Camilo Osias Ho~ Vicente Madrigal Hon. Manuel C. Briones Hon. Emiliano Tria Tirona . Hon. Manu~1 RO?'as . Hon. Pedro Sabido · Hon. AIaoya Alonto SuIta~ Sa Ramain Hod. Melecio Arrariz ' 19. 18th Ye~ of Syowa. _ ,.~.;:. _

l

IDGHEST COMl\:1ANDER

, TIlE' IMPERIAL JAPANESE FORCES

MTHE

PHILIPPINES

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. ',;", SENT"fl'O' 'AN TO , DBSERYE.·'NIPPON_. ·~ ~ - . '. CONDfJ'IONS AT WARTlME. JUNE ~ - -.

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In order that- the 1~E;lders. · o f the .'\larious regions un- :der Nippon 9onhoLm'ay better unde~ta~d the Nip~ ", pon Empire and ihe Nippon people and thus further the constracti~n of the Greater East Asia Co.Prosper: ity Sphere and the cooperation of the in'digenes of the various the Imperial Japanese Government lias decided to 'dispatch various leaders from .the respective areas in orger to inspect Nippon -conditions. . 1" t',:'l"o,.~~ -=-. "l~-"~ ~. ~; In co~on~~~ with ' this praD.. 'the Japanese ~ilitary AdministratiO~ in .the flhilippfnes :undertOOk a carefUl selection- fa ' section of' th,a "front line" Filipino leaders !~ or r to dispa~ch them to Jap~n with ' this ' ~:~. in view a the expense of the military administra-

areas. '

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A deleganoh. the names of ;the memhers which • puhlislled! hel()w. - were finally c~~ser:- :~~q dis-~ patched to )a,@. -, , ' . "~:"",':

are

. '-Th~

.~

m~mhef':"'~f the party ~; all I~ad~~s -inJ~' f~~t line.. of ereating . a New Philippines. '(hey .all cooperated . ever sin€~ fhe arrival of the"Nip- , ~ ':pon forces .R~IiRpi~e.s ;,..it~~.i ::ha~~' ~~chie."ed - much- as provincial administrators. leaders of the leaders ' of the agricultural and comadmin~~;tnlti'Jn. -'e ducators. and officials of' the --: .. - ....~ ~

of such caillier that it may he ex- ·".; will contrfuute much toward ' the 'spi::' ''':" __-----,----I.-~~~~~~~~':;._~a~dministrative. industrial, and tech- .crea'tion . of Ii 'New Philippines on ' group Is under the leadership of Japanese Military Administration: to. Mayor of th; City of Manila is delegation. and ~io Duran. Director

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_-'-:;,:)

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of the Bureau of Gener-al Affair!.. of the Kalibapi is the deputy head.

a

. The Military Administranon intends to dispatch second delegation to Japan at an appropriate time. FILIPINO DEkEGATION 1.

2.

3. '4. 5. 6.

7. 8. , "

9. 10. t 1.

12.

13. 14. 15,

16. 17.

18.

Leon G . Guinto. Mayor 0f Manila. Pio Duran. Director. Bureau o'f General Mfai • Kalibapi. Hilarion S. Silayan. Director of Plant Ind~tIY.. Cornelio Balmaceda. Director of Commerce ah d Industry. ~ Emili~ Rustia. Governor of BuIa€an. Simeon D. Salonga. Governor of Bata~n. : Patroeinio Valell2lueIa. Dean of the College 'of Pharmacy. U. P. Prudencio Langcauon . .Assist~nt Direct6r of public Ins truc tiC>D. '- - , -' ~ ' . Da~ieI Sa!cedo. Assistant Director of Private, E u~ cation. ' .' , Alberto Ramos. Se€ond Assistant Director of the Constabulary. ' Felino Neri. Secr€tar-y to the President of the Nalibapi. / Cecil~o Putong. Superintendent of C~ ~cho Mamla. , " I~' Nemesio B. Mendiola. Superintendent of Researf h Bureau of Plant Indus.try. ' , I . .~ Eli as Dioquino. Se9i>n.d Class insPector. Bureau of Constabulary, . '. J ose E. D esiderio . Chief of Secret Service. Metropolilan Constabulary, Arturo M. T 0lentino. Supervisor for N~rthem Luzon. Kalibapi. , , .: A lhedo M. Santos. Fourth Class Inspect9r. ins trtl.c~ tor. C 0nstahuIary Acade~)l. , ',. . ~ " , :'~, Jose Francia. Supervis~r. ' Youth Move~~nt; ' Ka~i': bapC ' . --c

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19. Vicente J. Guzman. newspaperman. 'MiiiiIa Sinbun,Sya. ~ " , ,_r •.,' ,_. , ~ h ' " ~; _

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GREETINGS OF 'HIS EXCELLENCY, JORGE B. V A.'<GAS. CHAIRMAN OF THE EXECUTIVE COMMISSION, TO GENERAL SIGENORI K U ROD A. NE\tV COMMASDER-1N CHIEF OF THE IMPERIA L JA PA NESE FORCES IN THE PHILlPPJ:VES . JUNE, 1st , 1943. Y c ur E "cellen cy; the n a me of the F ilip ino peo pl e [\ :: (l ; : -, ,, PL;:;Exec~tive C 01UlTIi ss ion. I ~.\':::;i :0 -:路.. t~r-路l :.:; Your E~ce lIe ncv a sincere "\\ elcom e. "'lo:t r LVI 路,路d -""; ('y's arri val in - the Phil(rpine$ com eo .: t- ~!1' :: _" , auspicious time. following as i t do es the unp rece'I dp.nted visi t to this country of the Illustrio us Premier of the Great Japanese Empire, G eneral Hideki T ozyo, a nd th at of Minister K az,uo A oki of Grea ter E as t As ia Affairs. like their vis its, your assumption of ; the post of Commander-in-Chief of the Imp erial I Japanese Forces in tIle Phi lippines will encourage , the whole Filipino people to render m ore act ive, unreserved, a nd spontaneous cooperatio n w ith Japan in II order to insure the complete -victory of J apan in th is sacrect waF, the establishment of the Greate r East . Asia Co-Prosperity Sphere uncter the lea d ers hip of lhe Great Japanese Empire, and th e attainm ent of the h onor of independence, our che rishe d nafion al ideal. which , as Premier T ozy o h as announce d several times , m ay be gra nted to the P hil ipp in es in - the sh ortest possible tim e. Your E,cellen cy: In pledg ing to yo u our un~ivideJ loyalty, and .in ~.laci~g ours elve~ uncondiI tlOna lly under yo ur WIse dIrectIOn and gUIdance. we w ish to, 2.ssu.e you that \,Ii~ ~v.iIl ~o everything in our power .0, make yo ur admInistratIOn a comnlet-e sueI . - '-ce-ss emi to help Japan acccmplish her sacred mis sion in :::ast As ia _

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STATEMENT OF HIS EXCELLENCY JORGE B. VARGAS. CHAIRMAN OF THE .EXECUTIVE COMM~SSION

This is the haJ!)piest day in the history of the Filipino p eople. Words cannot express our pFofound emotions. W c are completely overwhelmed by the declffration of Premier T ozyo that Japan "will accord the honor of independence to the Philippines- in the course of the current year." Japan's sincere. noble and unselfish love for the Filipinos. now displa;yed beyond doubt in the grant of our independence without d elay. conditions. or ~va­ sions. evokes our spontaneous. unreserved. and - abso- . lute loyalty. We stand with Japan in joy and in saffering. in peace and in war. Weare more than happy to place the totality of our material and spiritual resources at the disposal and call of Japan to eomplete the triumph of the Asian peoples · over .the AngloA mericans. No Filiprno worthy of the name can now stand in the way of oUT march to freedom without branding limse I as the betrayer of the loftiest ideals of our raGe an na,tion. No Filipino wOFthy of the name can dere the re turn of American demhlation without con- ~ ­ v icting h imself of treason and disloyalty to the New VI . Cilld Free P h ilippines that is Stille to a'r ise this very -o _.

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ti, is J." I )11'11)' Di\'ine Providence to make us o~ tlLe ::··::cdom that our anceslors dream ed of r..uci di ed fol' in the n ight a n d that will surely be ours now throu gh the unpara lleled idealism of the great Japanese Empire, un equalled throughout the world and in all history in nob ility and power. jVlanila , June 16. 1943 :-';1',

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STATElVIENT BY_CHAIRMAN JORGE B. VAR. GAS OF THE EXECUTNE COMMISSION AT THE GRATIT-8DE RALLY AT THE LUNETA. MANILA, JUNE 19, 1943 F ellow countrymen: T oday, i n (路hc words of Dr. J ose RizaL our beloved. 'T'.0 the:路!;\i1d th e Ph ili pfJines h eho lds .. . " . . . que a l cieJo se colora .~~ lin :.ln ulic ia eI d ia !T?.5 fobrago capuz .

it-

. ~ ~~ti!':'" .1 HI pr Qpe!1 ~IH!. t "":"~ :El1ould me e t to voice 路Y:l-;!Ul' .l :! Jo y at :h e !.::J lning o f I)u r indepen{~(n(!~ (\ ;1 "L:,; r L1Y -:.-: :) nnn ~ ~11 ("路(l l i ng" ~he birth of Dr. _"":!'

r"

Jo~c Riz.aL iul' the day <lIsa approaches for the birth

of that free and ha ppy dreamed in those wo rds:

P h ilippines of

which he

"lI'Iis sueil0s cuand o apenas muchacho adolescente n1is SHenos cuando jove n ya Ileno de vigo r

fuero n e! vcrte un dia , joya d el mar de Oriente, secas los negros ojos, sC'ca Ia tersa frente, sir: ceiio. sin a rrugas, si n manchas de rubor." Now R izaI's dreams have come true. This very 'year we shall receiVe the blessings and th.e glories of independence from the generous hands of the Gr!!at Japa n ese Empire. _ -. '. vV hen J apan, drawing her sword in defense of her rights. destroyed the Amer.ican regime in our country. 'w e were completely at her m ercy. vVe had no right to- asl, for our independence because we were misled into opposing the Imperial Japanese Forces and ~ere iiftem-ards abandoned by those who misled us. But Japan. laying aside the sword of the conqueror extended to us the h elping hand of solicitous elderbrothe r to upl ift us and guide us to our proper place in the family of Oriental nations. Without equivocation or evasion. without delay or doubt. spontaneously and with sincere solicitude. Japan promised our indepen dence from the v:ery first. And now she has declared tha t th e promise will be fulfilled this very year.

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W e. th e Filipi nos. will repay J a pan w ith the loya lty of comFades and .pFothers. I am sure that Japan wi Il neve r re gret her generosi ty to .the Filipinos. A free ' a nd i ndepend en t Philip pines will forever stand uni ted in bte wul, Japan. in joy and in suffelling. in p eace and in w ar,

-f------,--I-~-In-this__shi,nip.,g hour of our histo'-'Y. w e raise our r thanks to Divine ;Providence for sendi~ g to these shores in our darkest hour. the mighty. and magnanimQus Empire of Japan. We thank Divine Prov idence for sending Japan to protect us w hen we were abandoned . to enlighten u s w hen w e w ere in error. to guide us when w e were lost. to uplift us when we we we~ disillusioned. and now to bestow upon our people the generous and spontaneous gift of liberty. the undying dream of RizaI. the best and the noblest boon that any people can give or receive. May Heaven bless and reward the Great JapaneseEmpire! May Heaven bestow eternal happiness upon the b rave soldiers of Nippon w ho have given th eir lives in this Sacred War t o drive away fhe En glish. the Americans. and the Dutch from Greater E ast Asia and who thereb y have made it possible for the F ilipino people to realize th eir suprem e na tional ideal through the unselfish intervention of the Great Japanese Empire. ~he true Lea der a nd Protectol' of all Oriental peoples! M ay Divine P rovi d en ce crown w ith comple te yi ct,.1C\' the: valiant exploits of- the b ra ve warriors of . :;:iDO!'l who are still ca rryi n g on the t itan ic slruggle- io~ ,:,,, libera tion of the oppressed peopks of E asl _--~:'l" an d for the establishment aÂŁ the G reater E ast Asia Co Prosperity Sphere! May God grant that the independence freely ilnd graciously bestowed upon u s by J apa n. w e sh a ll !.Jereafter know' how to hold a nd to maintain with dignity and honor! _ Manila. June 19. 1943.

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pendence _~ith Commission for take: advantage. ,or; in behalf of :the ' officials ' delegates 10 :th~ KALfBAPI ~'l'lation.ElC~lJIi'tenttQ)fi:; the profound gralitude ~f ' th~ for the important role pTayeJ by Forces in liber~';ting ' th; PhilippInes' J'i-o~ domination and in preparing her' for " the' " independence, 'r. • ", The people of the Philippines are fortunate the wise 'and far-sighted leadership of the ,Japanese Army in the Philippines, .. ,"~ ••,~~.~.'.~ the period of transition between no~ of Philippine independence within ,In the sho~t 'tiine' that 'h'een' ,,' ..,,,,~ "'~, Kuroda has' .2V--;,it ':tIle ~Iove. ::respect,of the Filipinos, ' , Repiesenting ":'a s he volent and magI;anim~~ ' Einplre'~f liberator and natur1J leacfe'; " -tir:an General Kuroda's 'stay. h~re vrin always b~ tu>:'lJ""'''.CU with this glorious periqd in the history of YDur E.~cellencies: . 'In the ,name of ,the ~"" ..",u.u and 'Of ' the Philippi,ne Executive , "'-'''' UIIU~:~lU"U, reiterate the pledge Qf unreserved ~Ioyalty , stinted co-operation of the Filipino people

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liberation of the nnnTF,~~p'rl peopl~s of East the self,seeking of'the English. the and the Dutch in ,the establishment servation of _the Gre~ter East Asia Co tJ"'~O"""'''; 1 Sphere, 1-

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I-llCHEST COMMMTDER

IMPERIAL JAPANESE ARMY IN .. -,,--:THE PHILIPPINES ~

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REMARKS OF GRATITUDE ·DELNERED ' BY CHAlRlv !A1V V ARGAS AS KALlBAPI PRESIDENT AT THE LUNCHEON PARTY· CiVE]v BY THE HIGHEST COMMANDER IN HONOR OF KALIBAPI OFFICIALS AND DELEGATES AT THE K A.IKO -SY{\. JUNE 20th, 1943. Y o u r E xceU - TIr;es. - Gen tIenl e n :

~ \5 th e Philipni~l e:; enters the thresh old of in de-)(n d~n c::'

',1 I ~ ~ l ,· , fc;r~ n :1!io n of the P;'cp .rc lory ":-or11rn j""' inn . '< l~I , ·~:·)p ii."! c Inde pe n dence. I ""ish to ~a;,t: dLh ~1'l ltl ~l:" U! ~: i...; iil!s;-JicioliS occasion to express, :~"! tH"!lltif (;; :i,(~ .J'~·:l. : ..1is ;jF.; he }(../\L IBA;"JI a n d the

ci" Ieg-ales 10 th e i'::_ALIBA P I N ational Co n ven tion, the profoun d [!ri'l lilude of the wh ole Filipino p eople fo r th e im po rtant role played b y the Imperial Japanese F orces in lib erati n g th e Phi lippines from American d c m in atio n a n d in p repa rin g h er for the honor of i r: d ependeJ;lce. T he p eopl e o f th e P h ilipp ines are fortuna te to have the w ise a nd fa r-sig hted leadership of the Imperial J apan ese Anny in th e Philippines, especially during th e period of tra nsition b e tween now and the grant of Philippine independenee within the current year. In the sho-rt tim e- that h e has been ~th u s, G eneral Kuro da has W OD the love , respect, a ; d adm ira tion of th e Filipinos. - Rep resenting as h e do es the bene'v olent and magnanimous Empire of J apan , th e true liberator and n a tural lender of all O rien tal p eoples , G en eral Kuroda 's -stay h ere will always be associated with this glorious p eriod in the his-tory of our country. Your 'Excellencies: In the name of the KALIBAPI and of the Philippine E xecutive Cqmmission, I reitera te the pledge of unreserve d loyalty and un-· stin ted coop eration of the F ilipino p eople with the Great Japanese Empire in th is Sacred War for the libem tion of the oppressed p eoples of East Asia the self-seek ing rules of the English , the A m ericans. · and the Dutch and in the establishment and preserva Hon of the Greater East Asia Co-P rosp erity Sphere . _ -_

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PROC[;AMATION MILITARY LAW RELATNE TO THE PUNISHMENT OF PERSONS CARRYING FIRE-ARMS, ETC. "Effective immediately. any person o~ persons found carrying fire-arms and/or explosives without justifiable reasons shall, in accordance with military law. be puni~hed with death or severe penalty. ' - "Any person or persons found in the company of those mentioned in the foregoing paragraph with 'knowledge of the circumstances or who - are foundcarrying any other deadly weapon shall be subjected to the same punish!pent as afore~entioned. ;.

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"Any person or persons. in possession of , the above mentioned weapons. who report themselves ' to'_ the proper authorities before having made us; -of such w~ap~ns shall be exempted from the aro;e~entioned punishment."

Jury 17. 1943.

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HIGHEST COl\1l\1ANDER THE IMPERIAL JAPANESE ARMY IN THE PHILIPPINES

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SPEECH OF ACCEPTANtE DELIVERED BY PRESIDENT-ELECT JOSE P. LAUREL BEFORE THE NATIONAL ASSEMBLY IMMEDIATELY AFTER HIS ELECTION BY THAT BODY ON SEPTEMBER 2'5 !f,. 1943· i\-Iembers of fh e NatioFlal Assembly, F c!Iow-Ci tizens. L a dies a nd Gentlemen:

I have received with deeo emotio n + e noti f~cil ­ Hon transmitted to me b y tl~e C OJn mi : tec ap:: ointe:l by this august bo dy advi.sin p,' Tn" of ;~n- (>J ~ ~ ti0 n .. 5 Pres id ent of the impending R epuI-.:ic f)f th e Ph,]: ppines. I would not b e Imm an if I did not come h ere to e~p ress to you. M embers of the Na tional Assembly. my profound , gnititude and everlasting apprecia tion for the confidence that you have shown iIi e lc ct,i n ~ me to this high position. ]'v!J., SPf ",ker. I understa nd that vau p er,o na lly nominated'J', m e to this position. and tha t you ex pressed YOf ·rselF in terms so glowing that I find no words to It~lank you for your very kind words of endors em emt and recommendation. Nor can I find word~ ade~u'ate to express my gratitude to the tvlem- bers ~ f th¢ National Assembly for unanimously ac,fepting YONr nomination. The unanim Lly of the choice makes me doubly appreciative. the more so because I have never aspired to thi s p~sition. and bee,a use I know tkat tohe posHion of Pre side~t of th e Republic the Philippines is the most nrecious "ift within tli ~ power of our people to co~fer upo; a citizen . This consciousness makes me. NIr. Speaker and Ccntlbm en. bow in all humility to our p eople whom you l represent and who have elevate d you t'O this augus ~ body, and to God thut H e may in His ________ ....lFl,fi..n;i~ _ \YJs.9om give me visioR. guidanoe. and determinationl not to falt er iR the hour of nee d.

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1}1is leg;slature is the f.irs t legislature in th e his tory of ou~ country th a t shall b e sovere ign. It is true \1.:11: {orty-ri ve years ago we succeed ed in establisLing the First Philippine Republic under the

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Con titution adopted at the Barasoain Chure"h. But as e erybody kn0w5. that Repu1lic "'as so shortlived that we did )Wt even have a chance to organize the Tafional Assembly proYided fO F in tl~e IVl a lolo5 Gonstit;.;ti0n . . Dt ring ~he Amerl(lal1 regim e. H is true thaI gracL4<i.1_sl-cp~we:.e_~!(en to _~v~ th ~ Filipinos eve::· increasing concessions iTIlTle exercise one~isla bi ve power . But as everybody also knows. the first legisl rtiive . authollity created was the FhiJ,i ppine Commissi j>n integrated b y a maj0ri,ty of Americi!.n ,members. I \Vh en in 1907 ,"ve organized the Philippine Assembly in pursuanee of the pro~sions of the Philippin,~ Bill or Act of Congress of July 1. l~a2. we were permitted. it is true, to organize a branch of the legislative -department of the government electe<1 by the :DiliJilinos. But as everybody knows, the P.1hilipPine _Assembly constituted the lower branch of thle legJsla<l'ive d epartment; oveF and above that popular lbody was the Philippine Commission then comppsed also of a majority of Americans. The legiSlf:iVe Jilowel' gnanted to the ¥'ilip~nos by the Ad ,f Congress of 190'2 was, therefore. in reality subo ~inated to fh e Phihppin.e Commission composed of a majority 0f American citizens. VI/hen in 1916 ~~le Jones Law was enacted and the Ifilipinos were permitted to organize the Philippine I~enalte as \lh e lillpper 0ham.ber of the legislative d epanhnent. it seemed -then that the whole legislam·e power of our government had b een placed in the hands 0£ FiIi]Di'Fl0s. and that we could legislateJreely and wi,thout any I imitation_ l1hat was not true n evertheless . because althou g:l the I?hilippine Legish rul<e was composed of the Philippine Senate ami the House of Representatives, . this body eould not legislate on certain lTIEtters vital to the interests of r.he F1~l~Jilj.no people. We c0u,l d not legislate on matteI's pertai.ning to public lands; wec0uld not legislate on mineI'a" lands and Forests ; ,,~'e could not legislate on CUl1l'e.n0)' and cotnage. on immig~abion and tar.i£f. and on eXJilorts and imports without the approval of

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the President of the United States. In addition. we were obliged to report all the acts of oUr legislature to the Congress of the United States which had reserved the power' to disapprove any act promulgated b y that [egislature. Later on. the Congress of the United Stat~s enacted the Hare-Hawes-Catting Law. and later the TydingsMcDuffie Independenc-e Law permitting the Filipinos to adopt a Constitution for the Commonwealth of the Philippines. If you examine that law and if you examine the Commonwealth Constitution;- particularly the Ordinance appended to that Constitution. you will 'find that the legislative power under the Commonwealth was restricted ,a nd limited. because we couId not 'legislate on ta1 ff and immigra- , tion. on currency and coinage. on exports and impo~ts ,,,ithout the approval of the Presideh t of the United States. You will also reme'r ober th~t under the T . . dings-lVlcDuffie Law. which we inborporated as ~n OrdinaDCile appended to our Constitrltion. all the acts of the legislature under the Commonkvealth had to be reported to ~he Congress of the Untted States which retained the power. as usual. to dJ termine whether our legislature had acted within th.r. -limits provided in the Ordinance appended to ~he Constitution. violating none of the r~strictions. limitations and reservati'o ns provided therein. Now. gentlemen. ' this is a different legislature. Whereas in the past our legislature was limited and restricted by the limitations of the jsovereign power. you are a sovereign legislature. y!1'ou can legislate on anything and everything under the sun without fear of being checked and disapproved by a sovereign _pow~r. Another .rea~on why I am h~ppy today is preCIsely the realtzation that a sovfreign legislature - o rHlip inos -haseleaecI--m e -to- thfs r igh _ position.

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Gentlemen. you have been asserdbled here for a ' specific purpose which y~u hav~ accomplished; nam ely, to orga nize yourselves into a National Assembly and to elect :ÂŁ.QlJ.r Spe'Lker a i d other officers.

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This you have done by electin my distinguished friend and coUeague. the Honj rable Benigno S, Aquino. a ma~ of undoubted patr otism;-whose-n-ame. when the histg£Y of the Rhilippi es i! written. will .stand pre-eminent among - those wh.o have served their country weIl, ' The Republic of - the Philippi es has not as yet been- organized. The Mllif'arY-~clml~iStFatton-stiII has to ~e terminated. We shaIl ,h ave to inaugurate the Republic of the Philippine' with appropriate ceremonies. I shall have to be i ducted into oHiee and take my oafh of aIIegian€e to my people. Mter all this has been done. it shaUl be my duty and privilege either to address you perSonaUy or to sepd you a fOImal 'Illessage embodying my r-ecommenda- _ Hons on the legislative measures that need to be - ~enacted by this Honorable body, in order to solve the problems facing qUl people. For -this "l'eason. I . shaII not touch uPon any suggestibns or recommenda-- . .' Hons which ~ shaU make at th.iJapproPriate fime, All that I desire to say on~' occasion is to ' remind you . once more that you ar~ a -~overeign legis. Iature; that you are free men a~d the only woman member of this august body a f,~e woman;· that as you ar~ free, you may aet freely if the service of our people; and that the Chief ExecuHve of the nation shaIl also be free and s~aII disch~rge h~ ' functions freely and untrammeled In the slame way thal you are e1..ll ected to 'discharge yours.

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You, Gentlemen, as'- M~mbers of the National sembly-' and I as Pre'S ident ot the independent Republic of rhe Philippines shall all act freely, but w e shall converge OIr one point, We may. in the · course of our ~ssodation. official in character. {lif~­ fer in our views. but we €annot disa~ in one - thing. we carinot be divided in ~)De thing. we cannot stray from the trodd~n path blazed before Us -by Olg .anc~stors.-we must ~erv:e" .our people loyally 1Jnd'_ faHhfulfy. We ·mwt cQ..~vel1ge. therefore • . on that point; we must have , 0lIl' _ peopI~'s welfare at heart; we must build QUI' (lounlty and - reconstfiiet .

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it in th e midst of the misery and devast~tion wrough t b y th e \Y<J,r : we must safegua rd our people. feed. cio th e a n d shelter th em : we must do anythin g and e';e rythinq in o ur pov,;e r to relieve their sufferin gs. \ V e m ust be on our guard against obstruct ions arising Fro m po li tica l d iffe ren ces and dissensi ons. · W e must u n ite OUT peon le. \ V e must guard against abuse of ro w e:. 10r : !1C: Yf' ::; n o ci tade l that ...ve can erect .~ gai nsl· "bll5e or mis goveTnm e nt. \Ve must b e d e,.. ,mrned co ;,' [' ye ') U\' p eopl e to th e bitte r e nd. givin g .:=IT!. if r ·r :.3 ... . l.:ts t drop of our b lood so tha t .1,' \'

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:vIr. Speake r a nd

. ' n .te,'~ L': 1 ,I " ) 1) l~a r. I do n o t doubt tha t all !=" Iip rnos. in d !lo in g th ose s till hidin g in th e moun l.l. ins . . \·;10 e nt e rtai n SO in e doubts re garding our future. "'iff com e down to h elp us in the work that \\'e haYR to d o. F or I d o not b eli eve that there is ;l l1': Fi lipin o who wi ll b e h ostile to our gove rnm e nt ·",h icl!;:; 5t;:,bijsh~d u nder a C onstitut ion 'dra fted and appro\' e,d by the b es t minds of th e nation : I d o n ot bel ie\' e that th ere ca n be a n y F ilipino who will oppos e a gove rnm ent intende d for F ilipinos and run by, Filipino s . With this de t~rmination . we may look back on · the past and bless the m emory of our great h ero es and ma:rtyrs w h o'c m a d e possible the establis hment of this Republi c. \ V ith this determi nation you and I ",;II meet the problem s of the day with confide nt courage and with loy alty to our people. console d by the knowle d ge tha t God in His infinite wisdom never abandon s a nation that longs to be free. and will soon b e free. and once fre e. is d e termine d to make i~s freedom endure forever. Mr. Spea ker and G e ntlemen . in all hum ility 1 accept m y electi on a t your hands. and from thi s ti~e onward. I place m yse lf comple tely. absolute Iv an d u nse Ifisltly at th e di sposa l of our p eopl e wh ~m w e must SE'rve at a ll cos t.

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ONE NATION, ONE HEART, ONE REPUBLIC* Your Excellency, Director-veneral Aquino, DistingUished C@IIeagues in the Execllltive Commisshm. Esteemed C@IIeagues ill the Prepal'at@ry Cemmission fer Phi,I ippine IndeIDendence. Gentlemen of the Constitutional Convention called fer the jJurpose of ratifying or rejecting of the Constitution. Fellow Citizens and Friends: Before everything else. I desire to e~IDress to you. Your E:..:cellency:. my deeID a,ppFeoiation of YOUF kindness in fa,;-o ring me with the laudatory l'emarb that you made_ this- morning in illtroducing my poor self. Those remarks. I take it. were a tribute to the warm friendship which you entertain towards me and the still warmer friendship and respect which I hold towat>ds you; and fol' that reason [ am the mere fkl1iJ'Ied at the opportunity which I have today :to address Ii few words to the mem1ers of this convention. The Philippines came under the possession of the Great Empire of Japan as a result of the Greater East Asia War launched by that Rmpire to bring about fhe Iiberatien not 0 ~Iy e f the r:iliIDin@s but of all ~he peoples o f Grea ter East Asia. Even while C@negidor and B a ta a n still stood. the great statesmen of Japan and the great military leaders of that great Empire announced to the Filipinos and to the wOl'ld t1.at th e Imperial japaH cse Al\ffiy had come to the Phi.IiJ!l_ -pimes n o. !o ri'Q"ht ~he Filip hlOs but to liberate tlh('~ i'roJrn C;ccjc;c r,;;...~; d\.-':ni!li.l~ i o!.l. a b et t\a! \"~·Jlat ,vas tru e lr: t~le cac; - (): :.~! .. ?L.i~jr;pi1!es ,\\·a::. tn!r:' h :.. nt-he. 1'1':-,.1' ;'::~ :,.i C~ r€'atc:· E asi /\,;hl. .,..... '" ;'

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At th e 0u ~set, our pe0p ie 'w ere reluctant to 1>elieve that ann CUaCC!!1<=nt. Th ~rea fter. - the I'!Ilustrious Premier of J ap an. Gen er:;.l H tdeki T ozyo, in a speech before the Imperial Diet. announced t o the world again =Speecb deliver"!i extem poraneouSly b y Hon. Jose P. Murel. President 0: the Prep aratory Commission for Philippine IndeJ.endence. 2.. t h e Special Gen eral Asse.,nbly of t he ~L1BAPI. b eld at tihe Sessien H a ll of the L€'~:islat i"e Bldg.. Manila, on September 7. 1M 3.

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- that '--It -was ' Filipinos their independence possible time. That announceIlle~t ·.··: reiterated . by hu;n in a spe!!ch befor~ and ~;hen the Premier came on . an·~,o ... ,_.u~ _(.~ .. ,.,~, the Philippines , he announced at a public tion held ® the Limeta, formally and in a most :;~:;:;,,;f;'il quent and vehement manner, that the Philippin~'"was_ to be gmnteci her inde pendence, a nd that decla ration wa, fo llowed sho rtly afterwards with an officia l statemenc tha t independe nce was to be granted to the Fiiiplnos within this year. Reason For Filipinos' Hesitation ;

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t Even then, I mus:!: b e frank to say ,in:' ;an ' sip.cetitY, the Filipinos were hesitant to believe in those 'pro:- ., mises, because of their past e.""<perience, especially ~ du. ring the Spanish regime tha t lasted more than three~ hundred years. Filipino patriots here and Filipino reformers in Spain had fought and had sacrilic~d in order to. secure liheral ~efonris, "...........<!U~"! '16n'ewhe'n't he Filipinos ,thought thai: :·erilID~ti,,~~· -ready-. to ,!!rant ;JIlor~ : the Philippines; ' particularly -;.af .the· ~1l1"<;'Y-': muIgi!ion , of the Ma~ra-- Law , t h'''II1''V';r.,. many ,of .us 'still /:,emember,.with b~t:t~rTI~,ss.,jpat"M,a .Law .which was intended to parti~ip~tion: in the .a,dlmiimstr.ilt!,on _though approv~d by Minislfnr .' - 10nies,"twB{l~ pever- actually' , put .~'~""',.<'r"'\:."'~__ ippines: ~.' And when -the ; !"UI~~rlj:ans.

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tie~ .!ha!.;t~ey h,ad come :to .,~,'Y;>";!,1l1:e .•'me ~'!U1-''+''!~ th~ .pow.ip§.tion , an~ .' .__ ~.pain, .

: stan4i~g our repeated . ~ubsequent!r to , ' them carry out their promise: and in spite of our Vi. gor.oUll.,c.a mpaigns for independence pel'e aqd jn'~tli,e United States, they contin~ed to ';-ilhh~ld sover~ig;;tY' from .o.ur hands. Actual independe~!=~.the '.fo~~~


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turning over of sovereignty. was never granted by the United States to the Filipinos. notwithstanding he!' repeated promises. It was not. therefore. strange that even after the announcement of independence in a categol'ical and for€eful manner by her highest sl\lokesman. the Filipinos were reluctant to believe that Japan. in such a short time. and notwithstanding the fact that the world war has not as yet terminated. would. within this year. grant the Filipinos their independence.-tll at wnioh Spain Failed to grant to the Filipinos in three hundred years. that wl1ich Ameriea failed to grant to the Filipinos ' in forty years. It was. and it seemed. unbelievable that a brother OFiental nation like Japan could g; ant Philippine independence within two years. (Appl!iuse) PCPfs Speedy Wo"k It was through the insbrlinlentality of the KA1.I~A­ PI -that the members of the Breparatory Commissiqn were -chosen and appointed on June 20th this year. The first meeting of the Preparatory Commission. if I remember COITe€tly. was held three days after its organization under the able feadershilll oF, :the venerable man of fhe Philippines. Don RamoR Avanceiia; and now in a period of less thaR two me Flths after the organization of the different committees. -a p eriod in which the distinguished members of ~he Prepara tor), Commission rendered concentrated study and reFledion.we were finally able to dl'aPt a cons :itution; a nd it is that constiilllien which. in a forma! letter, in m,capacity as President of Ib.f- PrepararO!T Commls$!oH . .. I have humbly submil·tc-cl Lo you. ~e ntle!llLf' o! dJi< Convention. fo r your cOl1Sidf'ralror. dud fo~ :: em; ae: provaJ 01' rati fica tion 0; ll::jeciior,. I wish to say. at this junctUFe. that our people rna . .; lack confidence in the President of the Prep aratory i Commission; our p eople m ay ~n l ertain some doub t 1 i as to the patriotism of the man selected. p erha ps accidentally and perhaps u'fi fortuna tely. to head the Preparatory Commission; perhaps some of our peo~Ie may not believe in the ",..isdom or in :the patrio tism. of my IttnnbIe self. but I am sure that as I OU. see these other

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members of the Preparato!,¼ Commission s~ated before'vou. 'Wifh Don Ramon Avanceiia here. with Chief Justice Jose ¡ Yulo thel'e-:-with Gen. Emilio .AgUi~l!ldo. with I'-'Ir. Tirona. with iVlr. AN'anz. with Sultan Sa Ra- main. with Don ]I.'[i gueI Unson. with Don Quintin Paredes and Don Claro M. Recto. the former Presid ent of th e Constitutional Convention that drafted , the Co mmo l1w"aLth C o nstitution. Don Rafael Alunan. Do n T eofilo Sison, D on Antonio de las Alas.- Mr. Osias a nd "Iso the Exccutive S ecretary of that Com"",; illl<, - ,,!){t ql~lV d oubt, r 3"-\" the nalriotism of the [J ,f':,itienl 'of :;, c Preparalory C~m 01 i ss i~ n. but you cannot douht th e pa trio tism of Cha irm a n V argas. of Dr' [eclor-G"n<;r"f _\qui no .mel of these gentlemen I have just pointed oul' 10 yo u who. I know. are willing to giw Ihei r b st droll of blood for th e sake of the Motherland. (Applause) Tribltie to Japanese Frag This fIa'g (indicating the Japanese flag) is a great !lag, It is a flag that sho uld be venerated by all Filipinos since it sy mbo lizes the unselfish attempt of a great Orienta l people to liberate not only the Filipinos but all :the other peoples of East AsIa. - But. much as we honor that flag. much as-we- are' indebted to the flag of the Rising Sun. my people. yoti' anJ I. would , like to see in this place our OWl! Fiiipino flag-the flag of the Sun and Stars-which ~ symbolizes ~ that is good and all that is great in our his'tory as a people. (Applause) , - Approve. 'G entl emen. this constItution. that we 'may have our own flag, the flag whe~ you ffnd the -tIood - of Rizal and the great sacr:ifices of other martyrs of the Philippine cause of indeJilendence as well as the purity of purpose of the youthful heroes who died in Bataan and Corregidor. Approve that constitution be. cause it is an instrumentality placed in our hands so that we may have an opportullity to govern ourselves. run our affairs. have our own flag. and enjoy real. complete and absolute independ'e nce. (Applause) I have issued a formal st~tement containing the reasons which in my opinjon ;hould be considered in

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connection wuh the apPl'aval of the Constitution for the Republic of the Fhilippines. After, a very ela1>o"ate and maSterly exposition of. His &ceUen~. the Oliairman of the Exeeutive Commission, of the merits of that aonstiliution. I shall not take m> your time in repeating what he has stated and in repeating what I ha:ve alrea'dy written in that statement. But. if you 1------.,--"'1. - - pl-e!fS-er-I would"1like. in a brief manner and ill a general way• .fo givrd you an ~osition a£ what 1 €onsidel' is the philosophy oj tliat insti'tuilent. I will nat say ._ that this €onstitution is an inslrwiient that can -placed side by side with the best written €onstifutions of the world. beeause it would not be becoming on my paJ!t to say so. being the president of, the body- that prepared the constitution. I shall not point fO the C onstilUtian as a constittition that (lan stand the' test of Iagic. of S}'I!l.metw. of 10gi€aI 81'l'angement. becaw;e. similarly. if wan'Id be i!nmQ.dest on m.,y part to" do ~so. But i will say. that it is the 'best corij;tit!ition that-we eould prepaiie ' or faSlu;'n under the €irromstances and t:ea1iti~ that co'nf"ioiil: Us d~ , t"hese days: Right' ta' F~~iam () ivine . " ' l' ~

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I 'will :~o,;v- eanl -yotir attention to something new in this Constiltition whi€h you will find l'ight in the J!?re-

amble. 'Afte~ iO:vohlng -the aid of Divine Fro¥idence• .futSting'-in the faith that Prowcilence does not a1andan a, ·P tfQple..,!ni~ a1:ld loyal to tlleir ideal's. we pl'o!i:laim the ~ndependence of the 1?lulmpines. So nighit there in the, Preamble of the Constittition. you have fhe prodamation of independence ef oap counrry~ 9.\1!!1. 'm. _this conneetion. some ;r you may want an e~planat±(1n ' for this unique pro€edure. "Why." yOU mny ask " are the gentlemen of the P17ejilaratory Commiss icn p;:oclaiming the independence of the F>hiltP-1'lines bef,ore it h as been ~an}e4 to us?" _ My reply is: 'ifhe phdosoPhY of the frepatatory Commission. wh,i ch is the phi!- 9f oUr ,people. ~ ~hat the right of the people to osoPPY _ b'ecame ind'~p<Iellt · ~<I, keis- a iliwne right: it is a gift_tha~ , Go~es from hign shove the. hea:v:ens and it is ne f a ma~made right to J)e gra~ted or withheld by any: pOYler. on eaJTth.- (Applause} .Ai}.d we desired hy, ::

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this Constitution, to announce :to the wOI'Id that we want to be free and independent, becaus'e we want to be true to the hallowed memory of our ancestors and (}{Ir heroes. (Applause)

Constitution's Republic'an Character

r

Next is the republican character of our government. Contrary. it is said. to the ideology of the Great Empire of Japan: contrary. it is said. t;; COl1.iemporary ,t rends of political thought, we have provided for a government by the people, a government whose representatives are chosen by the lleople, a government whose powers _are exercised by those elected by the people, My ieply to this is: This Constiution has been prepared by Filipinos for Filipinos: and I know it is not the intention or the purpose of Japan to prepare a constitution and impose it upon the Filipino people: that if Japan is sincere in her purpose, as I believe she is, in granting the Filipinos true ahd real indep~ndence, Japan should permit the Filipinos to adopt a constitution that is responsive to their needs. to their traditions, to their ideals. to their history. to their idiosyncracies. and to bheir aspirations. (Applause) And so you have a constitution that is republican'in character. and whtle some of our people may doUbt as to whether it is really republican in character. because of the manner by- which we select our representatives to the Legislature. because of the-manner by which the President of the Republic is eJected. g~ntle­ men. my reply to that is.-and you l:aow it y(lursel~es­ that it is not possible nowadays to appeal to the people directly; it is not possible nowadays to hold direct popular- elections. in the municipalities -and i-n the provinces. Many of us cannot even go to some places . without exposing ou~elves to serio~ physical and personal dangers. Direct popular eJection at this time might b~-g~o-d fnfueory. but. as the Chairman said: and as I have said in my statement. in facing a given situation. in fonnulating a law that is calcul-a ted to serve the paramou~t and supreme interests of our people. it is not fheory but actuality that ~ould dic-

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has - -

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tate the means. And he fad is that at this ti~e we can -6nly organize the Legislature. we can only elect the President in the m nner that wehave provided lor - in fhis constitution. , A clyou. gentlemen of the' Cofivent.ion. who have co e here from the different! parts of our archipelago. you know i;' your innel? selves that a direct Jection is- not only_ inadvisable but is practically impossible atfliiS time.

Center of Political GI'l vity A:notl1e~ featm~ of t ' Constitution which has also been toudhed upon by His EXcellency. the Chail?man of the Executive Com ission. is the ·centralization of power. the concentratio~ of responsibility. the creation of a center of political Igravity .as1 have charaderized it in- one of my previolxs statements. We ~have pro.: vided for centraliiationaf power. not het:ause it is oUll idea or our pmpose to create a dietgtorship here. When it 'eomes to the actual adminiBmmon of the affairs of I govemmenf. I -want to tttY'; gentlemen that'it is not SOJ1luch a ma,tter' of eo . tional laws ·as it is a matter of the inen called tip n to diScharge the -public £nneHons and exereise the [:owerS of the state. You can have the most democrati constitution in the world and ' yet have a didator at the head of that government. On the other hand. you may have a constihdion apparently vesting dictatori powel?S' in the President and yet' it is possible to haI le. the most democratic regiJpe tInder ,fhlit constitution. No Shiftin{] of Respon 'bUities , The fundamental reas'o n and ~ece~sity 'for the crea-' . tion of a political center ~f graVity'under the Republic is f.hat. in any-' form of govemment_and this is especiaUy .true in an emergency. iii a nanonal erisis-.there must 1u{ a man responsible for the securitY of the state. tlleNr musl. he -a man with adequate poweri to faee' any 'given-"~ihxation : a:nd ~ineC:;t '(he probleins of the' naiiorl. ' The~e ' intist bl no shlfti~g responsibilitY: , thd~ must' hi! iioevl1Si~·ii of 'resj,ons'lbilitY: and if a' government is to 1e J.ieaf goveriiment and il scientific gb-&'enfme:t\t fke~e mlist l>e no .~~ ce~Mi5 of pdlitfeaI

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cODsliJli,!i"QIIlS - With _lelE~renlce

;'l hese

are

-cheCK . the -Exegxfiv~; '"

Dot- days

'.5:JlOt -,'<day; to=-Clieckthe- I.egiSla~ ; these are not

~to< deal: the- s~;.eni~ -Comt. -Th~~ are n~tdays' for

.mn~ suspicion ~nd Iimtnal checking. These are days ~ of actio~; these are days of r esponsibility; these are days of courage; these are days ~ ot c{etc!rminati-on ; these aie days 'oClife-or' death. (Applause) -

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:-:~-And: s~~ :.when there is a coriflic;;t - .;,~ -Of go~eimi:J.ent,- when there is a

between \he poconflict he tween - - -tR,r LegLglahite"lli d the Ex~cti#Ve;-the ExecUtive mUsf c-

--tt~th:n=:!~~~ ~:~:~~th~~-::~:~;r~~' ~::-

- althou gh. snS'cep~Ie bf Iiem g Qvernddenfue firsftfmil _bf a two-.thiriJs v~te of the_National Assembly, is ÂŁmal the second tiine. ~nd the measure or the bin so vetoed - cannot -be cansidJred in -the same session. The power of appohltmeiIt ~ lodged in -the ExecUtive to ' be d ei c_ised with the a1vi~~ of the members of h!s _ Calrin:ef: There will ~o 109g~r he any Com~issi-on on , Appointments- or any portion of the L-egrslatnre to check-_or IiarasS' oi even'-~nf the EXe'cntive. His -is the reSponsibility; his -musf be the power, and his must be the _ aUthorlty -'t~'- ~heck up'-on -and select.the men_whom hecart: tiusLto ' ~. AdvisE!' hliri arid carry ouf ~ the' functions , ':-"While, on the other hand. - ~e . power' of the Supreme Com::t (0 dedare a law nal. it is the philosophy pI - -tlili Constitution when Ii law 1s enacted hy the by .the President-and "by- the LegIslature; Presidenf ' , approval !if the' members---dt his the memb~rs of his Coun~iI prrl!01mplny of this- Constitution that shall respe~t the judgment of _the depalttq:lericis of the governmen t. not only of Le:gisiiati:ve--arjd the Executive but of the members Cabinet and .the members of his And that is wh~ while recognizing

II

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as a matter of principle the independence of the ~ diciary as a necessary safeguard of individual rigElS.those r.iglIts that are indispensable to ,the happiness of the individual. whkh he must have ' so tllathe may be happy and relatively contentecl."""'We require in this Constitution that before :the Supreme CoUI't can ever declare a law unconstitutional. it must be by the una- -nimous vote of all its members. -- -, - pf)'wer to l~pe~h Presid~n.! , RegarcJ:i.ng impeaehment which pel'haps' some of you may say has no place in the Constitution at such times of emergency. we have nevertheless inserted" a proyi., sion thel'ein eovering the matter in ~rder to.. demon~ strate to our p~ple that in an extr~me case. such 'as disloyalty' of the Presid~nt ;t;-the €O~r!trr,;: eaS~-, of the treason. or orb~e!'Y. or' ot iruIpahl~~oIation

in

'of

Co.nstituti~~~d S~!~~PS~ cimi.~. ,..t~< N~~~n~. Ass~~­

bTy, shall. h~r-e the po~e~., ~Y ~ ,tw!,t-fhirds ;vote. to~ inl- _ peach the Pl'esident and the Supreme Court shall ,paSS judgm~ilt upo~" the ' culp~biiitY: or 'i~;;oc~~e of ili~ Qf~· ficial impeached. '.b "-."~.> r~:~

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Conservation of N ational R esources The conservation of n a hrra l resources has b een a paramoun t concern of th e :. [e mbers of th e P l'e~:;'1 :· ~ toJ;' Commission b ecause it con cerns the h a ppiness o f our people;, b ecause everybody lmows tha t OUl' endurin g sta bility dep ends u po n the conserva ti oll of the herita ge of our natio n and -:)ur p c n:)fe . U ~0 n E;.e ~·~.l l i~ za tio n of the fact th at the na tional pa trimony do,, ~ not even b elong to us. the F i Li p in o:' of th is ·; ," r. . ~ r~t i0 n : t hat Qu t na tu!:oi : e 50lP· C'::' 5. I}i.i ;" 1:."":. "= .: : _ e n er ~ i ('s helo ~q : 0 Q' r' !" c r :l ~ " ) "15 _," •. '1<"~- ~-:"I. .. - Fiiipi ~10S o f Ihis :!!:l!e r ni:' a n 3. i.' 1.! ....: . : ~ r' .::tt ; ' ~: ;. r= th e ' i1ationnl '.v e l1!Li..l. ': \ll(! : ;!d L . ~e:·· · :t:;:''"!' . . . ·- ~L;.' _ not be loyal .to o ur peop le: w e wou ld not be ~:.t~ to the mandate of those wh o have have gon e b efore :.t,: . our fathers and our an cestors would rise in their graves and utter accusations again s t u s if we were to p ermit the alienation or the ruinous explo ita tion of o ur na tural resources. (Applause )

or

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Our Cards on the T able Gentlemen. examine the prOVISIO n s p ertainin g to natural resources and you will find that the provisions from our previous Constihrtion have remained intact. with only one modification which you should note carefully ' because I do not w a nt any m ember of the Convention to vote without b ein g fully aware of that change. With the same stipulations. word for w ord. not even a single comma eliminated or altered. the provisions remain identicaI with thos e of the Commonwealth Constihrtion with but one modification. i. e .• '\vith ;the transitory provision tha t as Japan is ;'vaging this war. as Japan is occupying many enemy properties such as mines b elonging to America. as Japan needs war materials in order to prosecute this war. as we are enabled to establish Philippine independence itself because of th e m agn a nimity of J a pa n . we say that the Philippine R epublic may enter into any agree,m ent with any foreign nation in connection with the uti!iza [,iol1 of our n a hrral resources . subject to liq uida tion and adjustm ent after th e term in ati on of the vVorld

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•1 War. in t.his connection. Ie[ me say t.his: To merit fair breatment from Japan. as we have merited. we should lay OUI' ca\1ds ~n the table; we cannot be insincere in OUl' pUI'!:'ose; we cannot be de<lepbive in our mef.hod or procedure. It may be that many of our people do not understand the flindamenf.aI purpose of the Gteatel' East Asia War; it ma~ be ~that some o~ them believe tlhaf this war ,is being waged ultimately and in reali~ for the tel'lliteriaI 'aggrandizement and in<lrease of the power of ,Japan. But we cannot. proclaim ouI' independence without the acqqieseence , of !Japan; we cannot pretend to befriend Japan. tell her by werd of mouth- in beautiful s.peei hes tllat. we helieve in co-pF0sper.if,y;. that we believe in ,t he fundamental pUl1Ii'0se of this war to liberate AsiaH<l peoples. and then. when the time comes VIlhen Japan says: Give us eopper; give us il'en; give us manganese. we' shall not be able to give her any of these t.hings be'eause by eUt' Consbifuliion; we Il~ve closed tile door to them. We would then have pI'evented Japan from wilming t.his war netwit.hstanding eUl' protestations of fviendship and! cooperabion. IF our peeple adopt fuis at.titude and prefer to 1le insi'n cere in dealing wit.h ,Japan. ~he l'1embers of the Preparatory Commission weuld rather bace the music. assume their respensihilHies according ta rheir own lights. an d tell yan (hat the Members of the Freparatory Commission would nat be a party ta any insineeI'e deat and ,;;'u Id be willing to a n swer far the action they ha:ve tahn. Th';:t is. T DeTieV€, the l'l1.ady attitude of people who are "viI:Iing~ and aT clcierlnine€I to JD€ frpe. V~TiH?,re Rea: Irt,lcprmatlRce Is Found But, Genllemen. j[ i ;; not because 01 1,1,,(: in ll,jnsic m !wits of thjs COFlstH'liItian that I beg of )'0& ta approve it ; tt is not heca'liS@ tkis Censtitutiian is the b est, jn a&r 0pill'i on. that c0uld he -;fashioned under [lhe €!.l1ClllIlstances: it is nat beQause ~his Cons~itution was prepal1ed b~ men 'wkese patriobi·s m and wisao~ I hope our peaw1e wiII RO.t'::-€haUenge. On the otheI' hand, GentI§m@l1 of tIle Conventi0n, if YOtI a'lle approving' this Constitut,i on beeause you believe that real


independence is there. that ~you

thi~t: i~

: ere

~ions make independence fac1Y~I. that no.thing' more need be done in order for us , the Filipino 'people:'Fio' enjoy compiete independenc e, you are mistake~s- _ approve this Constitution. No coitstifution of ;;ny " , country in the !Vorld is self-sufficient for ;that ' . A nd neither w ill this Constitution of itself -and self alone gi"'e our p eople the recJity of .independence. ,R eal in<lep endence to b ecom e a living fact. must 'b e fo u nd in th e hea rt a nd in the so ul o f every F ilipino. and n0t ~n : he 'i n e rt phrases of co nstitu tional prov imusl hI" foun d il'l- the courage, in the de te rr,, : nalio n. and, if ne cessa ry, in tite: blood of FiliPinos

'If),,:;:

,t

wi,,) ,,1 c ddernl ined to make inci"lJen dence rea l. That is why I appe al to' your p a triotism . Gentlemen and fellow cou n tl')-me l~ a nd b rethren, to approve this Constitution not merely on the basis of its intrinsic men~: , I want you to consider a nd ponder thr,ee reasons why yo u sho'l!lld a pp rove thi s C onstitution. Firs t, H' is my humble op inion tha t this Constitution is a means b y whi ch we th e Filipinos can completely assume the powers of go ver nment, run a government of our own and administer our, own aff~irs without the Japanes'e Military poliee. without military 'gMr'isons. without the intervention of any for-eign govern: m~nt. (Applause) ' So. if you ~ant that even 'to hap: pen, if you want such a state of things fo materialize, if for no other reason. approve this Co,nstit{xtion, -Gen- ,_ .. tlemen. Approve It, so that w e the Filfpirios ~ay- ~­ mediatcly administer the affairs of our own gov~~n­ Mento

WhaC Kind

0/

Independence

. . - . '-.

:',1 _

Another reason. "I kno~ that some ' of you are ,spe: _' , culating as to what kind of i~dependen~e ~e 'are going to have. I have talked to some of the- members of this Convention. I know that our people are ask'ing the sa me question day in and day out; what Jind of independence is it going to he 7 It will not be real independence. some frankly aver. And they allege that th e Pres ident. \\<ith all the members of his Cabi-

Lvii


net and of ,the Cound l of State. as ",~II as the members of the Legislature will make up n o thing but a - puppet government. to be dictated to by Jap an, to have no real power. to do what it is told to do. They say all ,this. in spite of the faot that we have not aetually received our independence yet. iBut. if you approve this Constitution. then you h ave approved the -;- - .... COnstirution for the R~public of the Philippines whioh ;has to be estaklishea as an i~dependent country. The approval of this Constitution. therefore. is. in my opi. nion. an oppoMUnity offered to our people to test. to determine and to appraise ,the kind of independence ~ Japan is giwog TJS.

. . . Depends Upon Filipinos Themselves The r eality -of Philippine independen-ee. although dependent upon many factors. dep~nds lapgely. I think upon the Fihpinos ,themselves. Why? Prokahly in . less than one month. or within - a month or so we shall have our independenoe. We are aetermined to have a truly independent Phil'ippines. a real Republic of ,the Philippines; and yet. if many of our countrymen persist in living in the mountains. in engaging in guem lla warfar.e. in dis;urbing p eace a n d ordel!: then the Government of th e Repubhc. b ecause of the insuFficiem:y of our Constabulary forces. m ay liJe eompelled to ask the Japanese G'~v"rnruen t to keep the military gamsons at their present s tations im the dif£ere~t provinces of the Philippines. And wit~_ su ch garri~ons h ere and th ere, w h at sort of indepfl1denc!'; ..would we have ? B ut. tben ho,,, CGi.lld we d(. O,;.b ' wise? The P Fesia ent o f the Republi c, Ot l;'e Ch)'.'~ :;'­ m ent of the Phih ppines call1wl. nne.:. s~!Ot:;{: DC:, ::.~ ~ th e risk of b eing overthrm YTl. \ \ \ canno: just ::::: ; i; ,( ganisens. with brava do. " Please. gef out of here." and then expose the state to ~a ve da Rgev,;. L:ntil such time as local Constabulary forces shall 1(. 5;r,:;!'",g enough to, control any situation. or condi tio ns of peace arid order become satisfactorv. the Governmen t of ihe RepuliJlic w fII have to avail -itself of l:h~ a s;;i.;ran.oe o f the_Japanese Military garriso ns. In sucL a si tuation.

iLvidi


independence. I ,admit. "Who has m ade that · jn(j!ep~~fi<!lenl Filipinos themselvei. - .,r- .. The Japanese should no.t be vior of our countrymen who pers-ist in to disturb the peace. prevent the sowi~g ~nd s~J~tion . : the of food crops. - paralyze commerce and indus Filipinos themselves are to blame. If, art~ ' ~~ !i~e , established our own government., large nmnb~~;of,in­ telligent F ilipi nos should still remain ·indifferent.-as .they are~sitting in a corner. mm:m~ ~IC t-;.!hC?se ~ of us who are in the Government. ,~it D,,;,~ a~. tructive whispering campaign against J!!.p~~:ff~~iue doing their h_est to make independence ;.~iJ...;..~tl!f..!,here would be no real unity among the Filipinos; "~~ \yitIIout a compact and united people. independence cannot be real. Again. I ask. in 'such a cas~. ;il'ci~akes independence unreal? The Filipinos themselv:~. If. on the other hand. instead of criticising . tho; e' ' w ho have been called upon to help in this great'fiisk -of na,t ion-building. these hitherto passive' counlrYn:!~iC~of ours should come -forward _and tend~r th~ir. :ft90dwiU _-~c;l . cooperation and assist us, in the constructtOQ;p f .1l _Ne~ ' , Philippin~. then we would have at,Jeast.-.9W;;"p owerful faetor for the realization of true . ind~IiCl~ =~ • But. if'becENISe of disorders. or of disquief 81ld . €tions lhat arise from disunity. farme~ are'sp~~eU~-:,~ o~un­ don the land. and. we cannot produc.e,jnoyg~.ijce •.:tmd prime commodities _&Dd other .essentials, ~ot.Jife: .then there would not only be the danger ':"; f. h~gei ; and starvation in our country. but the Republic ,of the',Phii-=ippines would be constrained to ask Japa'n7iiaful ~ther Oriental coun,tries to help us and give us rice.~ to give us food. In such a circumstanc e. " ourriiid~eP ' i'iiden.ce-t.---'----~f would be. indeed. hollow and worthIesi'" for political independence without economic self-sufficienCy is beggary and subservience. And for the last time. - I ask. who would have been responsible for such _a mock independence? The Filipinos thems~Ives. '-4' -7 ~-1'~

Lix

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All up to Filipinos

f have mentioned these inescapabI~ dilemmas of our ReFlublic and the alteDnative solutions to them. to prov.e to you that Ithe question of the reality of Philippine independenoe not only as to its completeness and its absolute character :but also as to its stability will- sewe-nd- rna:- great measme upQn the BiIililinos themselves. If we succeed in fOl'IIling' a eompaet and united Philippines. if we do our best to erect here the foundations of a lasling and enduring l1epuhlic. if we can be true not only by word of mouth. but with our hearts and by actual acts and deeds. to the resolve of making our independence I'eal; if we are united as a people. and. in the event that we discover that this independence is not real but Japan only wants to convellt the Philippine "Relilublk into a mere pUlilpet. eac;:h and every Filipino man. woman and child would, :be -willing to die or to prevent such degradation of our statehood. then. t he Tealitw of itldepen.dence is ours. (Applause) Duty

of

This Generation

I know. Chairman Vargas knows. Director-General Aquino !knows. I am sure the Members of the Executive Commission I<nows. and the Members of the Pre'Para tory Commission .know.......we all know ...:...that we can no longel' make ;the Philippines a great and powerful c;:ountry ill! this generation. in our generati~n. lBut we may have a great purpos~ in mind. we may have a divine hope bwning' steadily in the depth and solitude of our souls. We say we cannot make this country '1 great and powerful c;:ountry during om lifetim e. bec;:ause we know ¡.that one who has lived more than fifty yeaFs eannot lIve for another tifty. That is especially true in the case of Don Ramon Avanceiia and Genel'al Emilio Aguinaldo. The duty of this genel'ation. my flliends. is perhalils not so mmzh to make the Philippines a great and powerful country. The duty of ,this generation is to save the Filipino race. to tide our eount'Fy over to better times. and gITe suceeeding generations a chance to make this our Philippines

LX


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up

And the third is: If we should pendence so estabIished not onlylute but also real : and substantial; that our people- ar~_ happy ~nder this C~,ns'tihlticm under _our own government;tl we should

....... :


intentions towards the Filipinos gelll ine, sincere and noble, then approval of this Consti+,tion -would have given t:IS the Filipinos our Republic ~f the_PhiliNpines. We shaH have been permitted to r o u t OUI' own desbiny anc!l oceu py a p laee in the ,cp~eert of free nati ons of the wopld, whioh we could r ot do unless we were independent. rar these reasEl~ . .-Gentlemen, make this plea to you, realizing the difficulties of our Jabors but true to the memory of our ancestors and the faiths that hid us go on and on, an on,- if necessary to the bitter end, 1 ask you, Gentleken of this Convention, to approve this Constitution, so that we r may have one â&#x201A;Źountry, one nation, on-e flag, one heart, and one republic .of the Philippines. ' (F'~longed Applause)

Lxii


- - ~:~. TEXT OF V ARG.A:S' PROCLAMATION . .:"':L

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: -- .i-PROCLAMATION NO. 19 CALLING UPON ,ALL FILIPINOS, PARTICULf\.RLY ." .: THE' ltE'~mjENTs -OF THE CITY OF MANILA, TO PARTICIPATE IN THE GRATITUDE RALLY TO BE JIELD AT THE NEW LUNETA IN THE AFTERNOON OF JUNE 19, 1943, FOR THE P URPOSE OF MANIFESTING THE PROFOU ND GRATITUDE OF THE FILIPINO PEOPLE FOR THE DEFINITE ASSURANCE OF THE GRANT _/ , OF INDEPENDENCE "1'0 THE PHILIPPIl\Es.----::;::.....~ I¥ THE COURSE OF THE CURRENT YE AR/ A;ND REITERATING THEIR DETERMINATION Tp COLLABORATE WITH JAPAN. WHEREAS, the independence of the Philippines is, as it has always been, the supreme aspiration of the Filipino ~eoPle; WHEREAS, the Imperial Japanese Government, through His Excellency, Premier General Hideki Tozyo has definitely assured the grant of independence to the Philippines in the course of the current year; and_ WIJEREAS, it is fitting and proper that the Filipino peoplel avail themselves of the auspicious occasion of the birthday anniversary of their national hero, Dr. Jos'e Rizal, on June 19, 1943, to manifest their gratitude to the Great Japanese Empire for this benevolent act; '; _ . NoW, Therefore, by virtue of the authority vested in me asi Head of the Central Administrative Organization by Orp.er No. 1 of the Commander-in-Chief of the Imperial l Japanese Forces in the Philippines, particularly the rEtsidents of the city of Manila, to cOllvene at the - New Luneta punctually at 4 :30 o'clock in the afternoon of Jutite 19, 1943, and participate in the Gratitude Rally - - - - -tooe[lrelll- th'ete for the purpose of expressing the profoundl gratitude of the Filipino people for the definite . assur nce of the grant of independence to the Philipnines in the course of· the current year and reiterating thejr etermination to collaborate with Japan actively, ifnres rvedly and spo~taneously in the- successful prose-

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cuti@n of the Greater East Asia War and i,n the establishment of the Greater East Asia Co-Prosperity Sphere. The C@mrnissioBer of the Interiar and the Vice-Fresi", dent and Direct@r General of the Kalibapi shall make the necessary arrangements ~or the partiaipation of the officials and employees of the government and the general puhlic in tile said rally. Done in the City of ManiIl:l" FhiIippines, this 17th day af Jiune, !1.943.

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·sECTioN 1. A !lairs Concerning Depa of the Interim'

-'7J-

NOTIFICATION NO.6 CONCERNING THE NIPPON GO TEACHERS' QUALI F I CATION E XA}IINATIQN The Director -General of the J apanese Milita r y Adminis t ration nas given the Nippongo Teachers' QuaIifi- . cation Committee an order to give the Nippongo Teaeh- . _: ers' Qualification Examination to the following: . . (t) Gl'ade of the Examination

Junior Nippongo Teacher's Qualification ExaminatioN (2) Date of the E xamination June 16th and 17th, ] 943 .. , oj , • __

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, '~ . Director-Gen~ral of the ,n.'TI<lrm.p,<p ~'1~ ' # ~:;. .;;.r ".,:~' M i!y~!y . ; ...tJ:.",.7:"t.7.XI.TtJ·I:I·(J;!.''· '~"Cl''~

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~o'NCERNING : THE' -TEACHERS' QU.aLfFicA ':I'ION '" EXAMINATION " "'c·· '"':. -

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. _The Junier Nippongo Teachers' Qualification 'examinatlor(wiII gi~eJi by the' Nippo'ngii Te; chers' QuaHfica-" ~ion' Cornmit~ee-. according ' Jo the following: . :

be

1. Date '~' (a)~:' OO A.M.~12:00 noon, june 16, 1943 " , Written Examination (b) 9:00 A.M.-June 17, 1943 Oral and Physical Examination ·

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2. Place Nippongo Kyobin Yoosei Zyo Viga.n, Ilo(ws Sur â&#x20AC;˘

3. Subjects (a) Basic Principles _of Education (b) Nipponga Reading; Writing; Translating Nippongo into English; English into Nippongo; Grammar; and rHctation. . -~_(c~ ~et.?5~cI of ~eac?IDg

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The examinations in items (b) aNcI (c) shall be taken the "Hanasi Kotoba" I, II ancI III. 4. Physical ExamInation - -, ", ,~ 5: Requirements fC?r admission : ~..; ---Those-- who have comJ'lletecI at least the higll schoOl or equivalent course ancI have never been sentenced ':'.' :.- to detention, imJ'lris.onment; confinement or any severer punishment. -. .~rom

'i-

6. Certificates The Junior Nippango Teachers' Certificates sha.}} be issued by IDi,r ect or-Gene,r al af the JapaNese Military Administration to the successful candidates in - accordance with the Kanrei No. 15, Article 2, Proce~u.re af Application '~?1) ApplicatioN The writ ten apJ'l lication must be pl'e~ en ted at the Western Sub-branch Offi ce of thE -.Japanese Administr-a tion by June 12_ perso:: ::::i ~¡ or by maiL (2) E xaminat ion F ee _ _ - (a) Two J'lesos sha.II be claarged as e..'illillina'. - ~-" ,,0> -- tioli fee. The applicant can send a money order for two pesos, in case the application is sent by mail.

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The fee of two pesos may he paid in ~. _. . -- cash at the 0ffice in case t he application is ~~~-. presented J'lersonally. ~~r. ~,;.-:--,t;."f-_ --:r':" _ --= __ .~ ""_~-? (3) AppIicatioq ~oim _

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- Yours- respectfullY, ' .. -

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Dir ector-General of the Japanese ) Iilitary Admini stration Information

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2. Affairs CO'IWerning Department i>f Finance ,:

SECTION

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OF NEW WAR-NOTES HEREBY ENACTED AS ATTACHED ~REiWI'il'H.

This 18th- day oL July, 1943. _ Directot'-G~eral, Japanese Military Administration -

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CONCERNING

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WAR-NOTES. " The, lmperial Ja~es~ Gojern.ment~w'ilr i~s~e th~ newpeso war-notes af fTesh- desig,n m denomination- of t~n, five andl on~peso' eaclt .:, -. _L: 'it!.; ,!,: ',' r..~ ,,!, ~ _,', ,:-" - , ~ .. ::~-""":,,,. ..,~ __ ~;' J,(-~:-' The genellal public is hereby, requested ' to note the followings: :'~, " . :':,:~F --.," , ~.• ~, ' ,':t. Like the peso war-notes' already ' issued and being , itirculSi·t ed' among the imblie, tile,new war-notes af fresh des,i gu will be issued by the I'mpellial Japanese Governritent, and' :the 's aid Government takes full respo:nsibi:lity for the cil"culation ther eaf. Consequently thElY shall have ~QI1litt§J~e in their :q}.a!letary function. ~A~'A_,~'I therefore, shall use them ,vithout ,?f any so_ft. , ' -


~

- , ~' ,-:: KANREI NO. 19 ~ RULES PROHIBITING THE REMOVAL OF ~QUIPMENT OF SUGAR CENTRALS C

ARTICLE I

No 'one .shall -sell, donate, exchange, rent or otherwise - disPose of, 1!Ilder any title, rails constructed by sugar c@tra1s, or' locomotives, freight cars, machineries or any .:otner · ~uipment ' belonging to sugar eentrals, or -transfer·'tile possession -thereof without the approval of _the-j)irector-General of the Japanese Military Administra~on:' ."

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~ ARTICLE II Anyone who violates the regulation prescribed in the next preceding Article shall be punished by imprisonment of not more than three years or Ii fine of not more than tell thousand 'pesos A(P10,OOO); Provided, how=-ever, that in 'ease .the apprl,lised value of "the property concerned , amouhtS to ' more than ten thousand pesos (PIO,OOO), the amount of fine shall not be more than three times , ~f said appraised value. '"

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4. Affairs Concefi1,tng the Philippine '. . . Executi'l)~ "CfYmrriissio:n. .oFFICE . OF TH~ CHAIIiMAN OF TH'E -

BY THE CNAm'MA.N OF -.THE EXECUTIVE COMMISSION , '..

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:Q.j."I-v.". POSTA1!.··- @ ARDS> OFFICIALLY ",.~"""VJ~n.~,~E::;}: WITH 'l';ml}" ~J"APANE~ CHAR- & Jfl AND THE LET'FER~ " ~'K.P." (MEANING- "KAGAMITANG PAMPAMAHALA- AN" OR OFFICIAL BUSINESS) A~D PENAI,.TY: Fti)R~ V':IOliATI'ON~ 'FHEREOF~" )}'.': .r",- -".;.;'-

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to the authority

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upon, me as Head Admi,n istrative Organization by Order connection with. @:rder No . .3 of the -Commander.Ll.Io-V.u'I~, of.the linpe:riai Japanese Forces in the Fhil-upon the recommendation of the E.x:ecutive "''i'..........~'''',."IJl.l, itOis ~ereby provided that-=. -' .. .. -

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Done in the. of June, 1943. : _' •.,. ,,. ~_ : ., ":.' (Sgd. f ;J:oaGE

. _~ Vhatrman "oJ" ,the

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by the Director' General of the " Japanese MilitarY Administration on June 16, 1943 .

AP.PROVED

... AMENDING PARAGRAPH ' 2 DER NO.- ~O,~DATED MA . ALLOW AN ,EXTENSION ONE AGRICULTURAL TIVATION OF IDLE LANDS. Pursuant to the authority eOTlfp-:I'1'P-d of :the ' .C entral ':rA.dniinistrative i:OIiga:tl~~ti:oti~~»~r~)r ~<!; ~ .<{on~~tion wi,th Order, - in~Chief . of the . Imperial uaJpa'l lelSe, ~"J;~n.,..;;"" : ippines.., and upon the r~!ODllI;Ilen,da'l~io:~ ~c Commission, dated May -14, 1942,'

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.J~:s :," -~> ~ '~'r:'Jt {~~:.., ~~:,~:,;. :'2. _~

That lt. ,shaU be the

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, .' lands within their respective , :: : "., the citizens thereof preferably .L!,,,,,#l'l!!:!t: .~PI!. lif:J::.p.:W.­ ~ ~I· 'to employed ''in ~orller " to "'~nable. crops therein- .lor a period Qf i!Olle- ·-a~rl'-i4:mltu~~..: . . - year -: Provided, 'That, if in or der those to whom vacant land may be _'.:' . cordance herewith for the' iii'ii ial ' '''''''IJt:1J':;t: ing the land or making cenain':" ,T>'11'l"'''''c,]'1'l<'1'l js necessary to extend the<:'iime~beyond cultural year, extension 'Of tii~ C-dntracC __ exceed one additional agricultural year may be au-'

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'marimum prices .as 'fixed in Executiye Order No. ,ll>4, , l'9~ :>.:., ,-:~ . .. - ," ~~~~~';l _,,~.l~':~;:::-,;,.:. , ", . SEC. 2. The Bureau of FOllestry ¡aIJ.d Fishery -=...authorized to purchase -from -baiigos"fiY~c":onlces:sic.pai.I and handl~z:s all l>afig9S and fingerlipgs at

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No. 3 Commander- .' ~' ,2the_ _ J'·Force' s in the' 'Philip71J;~· ..... _ '.r _ . 1. upon the recommendatIOn of the ExecutIve ::'';;~-f~:.;;~\)LJpltQ~li.sf!jQl;l,,· if is -<h'el:~by "Qrdered 'tha.t... - ·4 'SECTION 1.-The provisions of Executive Order No. 13 . or any.. other ,o rder );0 tpe , contrary notwithstanding, any ~mployee of the pr@vincial, city or "municip..!ll gov· , erimients occupying a position allocated to Grade 10, alld actually receiving 'less than P360.00 per annum , may be gtanted a minimum pay _of P360.00 per annum if he falls under either of the following conditions: .,(a) If the :employee is married and is supporting a ",.:family ~,wheiein no other member is earning any , ;'I1::/,other ' income from an~'~ employm en t or occupa tien ..~:r.li ! Whatsoever.; ;, "_ '" '. {4ci -...... .-0-.... =,:'(1) ~ lf the 'en{ploy ee is 's ingle arid is the only 'means ~'~~~ ' 'of '~upporl 'o f the family to which he belongs, ~~+SE '.-;;'2:~B~¥~~t ~~ em~lo;~e is' gra~t;d the ~nefit~ of ,, , -this I rder, he must subscribe to and submit an affi'davit stating: , fa) For the :mar~ied employee-:-__ .r~·

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(2) Th'~ ~n£cies ' ~'ud ages , ~f~ hi~ dependen'ts and relation to him.

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S. The provJsions of this Order shall be applito the employees of provinces, cities, and mu-' which mtfy ha~e funds available to bear the ~U.!"U''I''JLUU _ ~penses incur!ed. _ ,,' ,: 'in City ~or Manila, Philippines, this 28th

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,,,t: ~: ; .~:.. '~,:{.J -; ';"~l.-,c,..(~ . ";I.,;;'~~~ or '.emplayee 'c harged wfth 'srir- '<;c.S.~~~ in' the placing 'of surveying marks, :' ~~,' ' "public "or private' lands: Provided, ~1; when entering a privite ', residential ,lot, ' ...;~ ~~'. _ ' nqt ifieq j~ ~dva'~ce ~. t?e ,occupant _Qi- 'the ' : <"'~~: ~: property. In all cases, the ~fflclal or employee con- ' .~ shall carry with him a certificate Attesting to his ~~~~~tC!offic~ial status. __ .'_ .,,_ _ . ''>''= c.,.... H â&#x20AC;˘.!,!lre><"'.~,,......J..Jf"1..~....

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,'~ ancb Df his duty. prescribed in the preceding Section 54-', , - SEC. 7. Any perSDn who. willfully Dr maliciDusly, inter~

-:. feres with the making o.f any ~urvey_py . ~he~ Depart-: mEmt Df Public WDrks and Co.mmunicatio.ns,- Dr with the ' placing Df ~ni surveying marks, o.r ..Who defaces,~ de::; : ' stro.ys, ' remDves Dr alters them ' Dr fheir locat~'o~, 'sh~r b.~ -' .. '" punished by imprisonment Df nDt mOl'e than six mDnths , a fine ' nDt exce~ding five hupdred, peSDS, ?~ . ~Dt4,,( discretion Df the CDqrt. "' . ,...~~ ' ' .. ' '-," ,-:," 8. S~ctiDn .46; Article Vl1, -Qf. EXe'!!uti;vLbr:a~t.:.; "dated February:. 5, 1942~ ~aniended bi~ Exe~u?i , ND j 144, dated Ap~tl, 5" 19~43" is here~y ~!t~:' " amended to 'read fo.1l6ws: ~, -'. ~-~"";;l"~~~'~~'_"::'~~' ":i""._

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"It s ave co.ntrDI hDu ses, bUD~rs, beacDNs, navigatio.:q ma~;I{s , ' appu r t enances, which shall lWW ' or in · the :fluture be placed under the jurisdictio.n and cDntro.l.. o.f the ' gDvernment; t hE' gener al survey o.f lands and wafer: ways within t he Philippines; and the cDllec~(:m" and, :; , ' distributio.n Df geDgraphic' data for "tlie,":"Cgeneral ---: mapping of. the Ph iliI!ll~ i n es an d hydJ1Dg,r aphic info;'p,atiDn nduable to navi.g-ating c!'afts." ' " SEC. ~. _ Th l ~ () . .. ~1-=~~ E"--r :-!.n ~81~ ~ ~ ;';ec"~ ~~,o:! it 7. z.PP:::Oy:!l. D on,~ :I~ -:tt' .-~~ ~ o~ :·:f.~7"lihi.. }-"l{'";i~'f~)!_; r -(·~ ~~. th i:: 2·nd na~~ i.i -L~ J"n 1" . 1 (l.~t? t :::.!~a. } .1 onalli B. \-; PJ!GAS Gi:.rr.-i n .'1a11. ApPROVED -.''':=-

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,_·-Co.ID)11ander-in-Chief of t he Imperial -~ ~fapan ese 'FDrces in fhe Philippines Dn ,July 2, 1943. -

EXECUTIVE' oRriER NO~~" -

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-:: It-POOPC SECURITY, TO, PROMOT~f'THE ESTAB; ~:. -, LI8HMENT '~OF ,PEACE :AND ORDER -..-I N' 'THE ' PHILIPBNES. \, ." '" - Pursuant t o' the' authori,t y conI erred upon me ii Head of the C~ntl'aI -:Administrative Organization by Order No.1 in connection with Order No.3 of the Commanderin-Chief of the Imperial Japanese For ces in the Philippines, and ~pon the r ecommendation of -th e E xecutiVe Commission, it is hereby ordered that : -' ~

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1. For the purpose of extending cooperation firmly and effectively to the peace and pacification activit ies of the Imper.ial J~apanes ~Forces in the P hilippines, and in order to promote .the establishment of peace an~ ,order in the Philippines, a Bureau of Info:r.mation 'and Public Securi~y .is, h~reby create~ ,' unqer, ' the' adirii,nis: trative supervision and contrel 0 the Commissioner of the 'Interior: --;" ," ':, ~-'" ' - .' "",.i , ' .£

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2. The BUl'eau, ,of Information and Public :Security shall have one Di;~ctor ' and one s siitant ~ DirectOr" a nd such other technicai an'd subordinlate personnel ' as may be provided for in the correspotiding budget and- appointed in accordance with civil sbrvice laws, rules and regulations. ~~ " " ' , r,, ,3., The ,Bllr e.a.u Qf I~ormayonand Public ~~curity Which 'shall have jurisdiction "over aU the~ .provinces and cjti~s jIi t he ;Philippi~es,~shan have thl'! fo_lIowing functieris :: ,f ',..·.rrl"'~~/ ;,~>r.'I"1.,: .., f.... • ~J:' f i~~:~ .!{~;·'1 (a ) To disseminate-, pl'eper and accurate inforh-'.- mation and 'develQlr 'a 'm ore irttelligent anderilight. ened public:(epi'nio~, oil the -N~w Order with a vie'Y, !o' bringin~- ab?ut the early.~::s_to.ration : of pea'ce and order ~hroughout the P lh.ppmes; ' ' .• ,, - ,(0) ,To study ana, i:levlse and means which '-- will be helpful in p'romoting the activities ' of the - - -eentrai;-Paciftcatiorr-Committ e-with particular reference to the urgent need of reestablishing immediately complete peace. and order; (c) 1'0 co~pile and fu~~isIi such inf~rmation to -the public as the CommissieIl r of the Interior may direct from timeto time as c rcumstances' may-require: and _ .

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-c <... ,:_ (d)~ To perform. such other .. ~i'I :?Il research '- and information' on pru!itji,ca:tion l<ic security. 4. Upon the request of the vUllllJLUCli"'llu ,uta terior and with tneapproval of the Executive -C ommission, for' the paganda of enlightenment of both and the necessary measures to lllClU.UWU.LI! in the Philippines, a eonference - cerned may be called for the '";," tlie activities of the Bureau of .' Security with ·those of the other - 'w ith =-a' view to avoiding duplication . Jri~ the 'City.. of Manil~ ' 1943"'" _ .. ".0,,' .. ' .

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~·· ApPROVED

by the, . . 5 -Coiil1nanqer~in-Cliiet of 'Uie imperial . ": japanese Forces' in' the Philippines -.... ·on ·July 3-' 1943: I ....rr .1 ',;!;: ,:"'-:..~~.:...f !..:~

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EXECUTIVE ORDER ·NO. 174

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. FIxiNG"f UNIFORM SCHEDULE OF RATES FOR ~~::.:;:t.:' .-'" ~ TH~ VSE O~ -H~R~ OF GARAGE (G) CARS AN. D '~¥i;,,- '~... ·~t:· TRUCKS . :- (TG) "'AUTHORIZED TO CARRY

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FREIGHT OR COMMODIT~S:

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- 'Pursuanr to the 'authority confen:ed upon me as Headthe Central ··Ldministrative Orga:p.izatiQ.D by;- Order No. 1 in connection with Order No.3 01 the -Commanderin-Chief of the Imperial Ja:p~ese Forces iD. the ,Philip.pines" and upo'n the recommendation or- the Executive -Conllnission; the '~es - and :" , pre; scribing 'a''"uniform 'Of ~ orhire gajag~~ (G) .,., , to car::'" '~i? fieigllF~" . . 01>.-, bY. nn".,."jfhio,fi'· slliPJPet's,- a

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SEC. 2. The rates for the use or hire -of trucks--

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author jzed to carr y f reight 01' c0mmodities _shaH be-' bi che hour, as follows: .. .- -- •

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:_1" '. 'l'ruck of Ph Truck of over Truck: of ove~ ton capacity _ 1 ton but not more £han 3- 3 tJ:>ll capacitYor less t!;1n capacity _ < .1~

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For the first 30 minutes For the first 45 minutes For the fir.st whole hour and every holir thereafter -

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The time over the mst hour sh~ll be computed on 15 minute units chargeable in proporti0n to the FateS pre-. in tMs section. . - '':'' . scrihed . ... . .... ~

SEC. 3. When owing to local circumstances the rates

-prescribed in -the foregoin.g sections cannot be enforced, the provincial governor or -city -'m ayor shall be -permitted to fix special rates upon due authorization by the Comm[ssioner of Public 'Works ahd' Communicatfons. J

General Provisions- - - - - - -----~---"--~;j4. (a) The radius of distances over which the rates above specified will apply shall be 20 kilometers from the center of the locality in which the operation is c0ndllcted. For instance, in the case of the City of Manila, the center shall he from Plaza Sta. Cruz. The - 'i ; time service shall he ··counted from the time the car or truck leaves th.e garage of the operator until the time SEC.

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,[19]


I it is released by the charterel' or person hu.'ing it: p?'ovided, That the .delay on the way due to engine trouble or any cause not to be attributable to the fault of the p"assenger or charterer or to any defect in the freight shall noi be counted in tqe, payment of such charges. (b) Beyond 26 kilometers, the round trip with passengers or freight shall also be charged at the rates S,ections 1,... 2 ..and 3 of this Order: Provided, Tgat if the car or truck is released my too eharterer at its destinatian outside the zone of 20_kilometer radius, the return trlP -will be 'c harged at one-half of the rates above referred to. (c) The maximum dristance, from the center of a i~­ ~ cality to· a- poirit ~ ou£sid-e- -toe zone witli - a radil!1s of 20 kilometers, oyer" which garage cars and trucks are authorized to operate shall be 50 kilometers one way: Provided, That in the case of ,trips- to a paint outside the zone - of- operation- .longer- t1ian 50 - kiI6merers- one- waJ: authorization must be secured bom the -respective" provinciar ' ~r city engine'er Q( each" provincE! or~;crtY;j wh9 have ·, been designate.d , repr~sentatives af; the li)ireeior of Public Services in the !provinces and ' cities , under Executive Order No. 108, dated November 28, 1942, excepting in the City of Manila and in the province of Rizal where the authorizatian must be secured from the J).rriCtcir_g.Lfu'bJ.i~_Seryic~s,,:_ F.ulgs governing the graDting of_special trip' permits will be issued by the Diractor~'6f1'-pb.b1ic 'Services:: -j • .~: ,. - ' <!, -.: " .. SEe: ""'5: The rates provIded nel'ein -for garage cars and :,trucks shall apply to continuous time 'of not more' than ten hQurs.;. For time. in. ,excess of ten hours, a::: -aciditional.: <lharge 0(25% of the bask charge shan be mad,:. - SEIer. 6. ' The transportati0n service contempleTec[ j y. Sections ·-1;,- 2.. and 3 of this Order shall be unde:r::to·x: to . include pne driver free of charge. If additional men are requested by the charterer, the charge shall be at , the foIlowing rates: ' .:;- (a-}=- For-the first .ien 11oui'S there shall be an addition. . : .~ ""';<~ar charge per man no.t to 'exceedPO.15 per hour; __ .;-"_ L:" t bJ E'or the iiiIi"e over-. the' first ten hours there shall "-" be@ addifrlonal charge per milD of PO,20 per hour. ~t';t,(,i -~!: f'~C_;'~'7:~~~~~_ '~,~'} .,1 '""7"," .-'

":


"fidelit:Y'~I~na' who' 'receives pi6penY Lby-.Virtue--Of his ' official posi~ the head- of the Bureau or -:O'ffice conce rned and .~:: :~.'_: ,~,._ ,.,' t};le }.u~~to.r General , and bi~ecto! of the Budget may, iffter ascer'taining and fixing the amount of the loss, recommend that such loss be paid out of the- fidelity fund, inff 'the' same shall b~-so paid upon approval by the Com- mi"ssioner of 路Finance, ~as in other cases, . Ii: _. -.c 1_:: _'_ ~EC. 14. biability of officer prima1-ily acco wn ta,ble as affected by i nsurance of subordina,te,- VVben a person accounlable to another 'who is nrimarily accountabl e is insured in the fideli ty f und and a IORS char g- e~l bIe to t.hi't fund-occurs by reason of the der elid ion of :11., f 0l"..:ne~' , the- bond of the o:fificer primarily [lu;ountab i,,; 311::1: ,\:.swer for the exc<":ss of the loss over ;;.uch inSU l'::!lC';: Pro.mf4ed,r That if the loss is a th;ibutable tv the IaUIC or -negligence fhe 'o fficer primarily accountable, the said of:ficer shall be liable personally to tae Government for the whole or imy" pa rt of the am~unt paid from the fidelity ' fund OD account of the loss which cannot be recovered from the defaulting subordinate. S'EC. 15. Such provisions of existing laws, rules and r,eg;ulations as ave in conflict with the provisions of this Execu.tive Order are hereIDy repealed or modified acCOJ;d~D gly. . , ' mqriey ~pr

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of

SEC. 16. This Order, snaIl take effect upon approvaL Done in the City of ManHa; Philippines, this 9th day . of Jiuly"; 1943. , I , -

- r 路

(Sgd. j -JoRGE B. VARGA~ .. ., Chairman of the E xectl,tive _C01n1niM;?:O'YI Ap~ROvEn by the !, DiTector General of the . Japanese Military Administration oR 路Jilly '9. 1943. -

EXECUTIVE ORDER NO . 176

AMENDING ITEMS B-I(3)-15, 16, 17, 18, AND 103' OF EXECUTIVE ORDER NO. 153, DATED :VIAY 13, 1943, BY INCREASING 'FHE RATES OF AL,路 LOWANOES FOR CLOTHING AND SUBSTS ..

[25.]

..

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I

1

1


_Pursuant Jo the authority conferred upon me as. H~d of the Central Administrative Organization.-· by-·· Order No. 1 in connection with Order No.3 of the Commanderin-Chief of the Imperial Japanese Forces in the Phiiippines, -and upon the rec-ommendation of the Executive Commission, it is hereby ordered thatSECTIOK 1. All expenses incident to the r epair, opera tion and custody of the court house, or court rooms and court office:; of a court of first instance, and the cost of equipment and 'iSuppiies for_such court, including the necessary- books and stationery, shall be borne by the province concerned: Provided, That in case a char- tered city is located within the geographical bouhdariesof a province and is under the territorial jurisdiction of the Court af First Instance of the latter , such ex!'lenses shall be apportioned between the provjnce and city concerned, using as basis the latest census of population of said province and city. Similar expenses of th~· Court of First Instance of the City of ....... a .. ~.~. _ _ be bamEl by the City of., Manila. _ _ '. ~ . " .' ,~,,-. -'" ~~Iot1) !..t~ 11. _,:!! I ~ _c.l.:a.l(~q ..'i,.I,t ~ ~ :J:} .. ~~·!.i·~17~ :' 0 7.-:..1 ~~~'2j a:.~ ~';.{} __ -.'" < ~EC. 2. -This Order shall take effect on .July._

-=- of -

Done in t~e' City. of Manna:-; Philippines, this 17tfr day July , 1943. '.(Sgd.) JORGE B. VARGAs ..,,- ." .,:",:;5:. ["

..

Chairman. of the Executive Commi88-z:;;n,

..APPRO\i·El) by the -!. - .-.-" - ':.1..:.- i::·:' ,-, •. :.;,!.:i:; :• . -- . Director General of the . .?:Pl :- t ' ~lri ~ .:- Japanese Military Admin'istrat ion . : ~'~"""'~-' -;'; - ; ~n July 17, '1943. ~ R:~':""::I0 .'i l';, l"'; }:·i:-r:.:>r .

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EXECUTIVE ORDER NO. 178

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. REQUIRING PROFESSIONAL DRIVER'S LICENSEE .- TO PLACE HIS THUMB MARK ON THE LI. - CENSE ISSUED IN HIS FAVOR, IN THE ' AB_ .SE~CE OF HIS ~HOTOGRAPH, AND AMENP-

[27]

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_ ING FOR THIS PURPOSE SECTION Ii O~ . EXNO. 145. . • -?-ptirsuan(t~ th~ autl'iority' conf~rred ~~on me as Head of. the Central Administrative Organization by Order Nq.l in connectian with Order No.3 of the Cammanderin':Clife.f :Of the -I~perial Japanese ' F01'ces in the Philip, Ji,~~.!t ~:i.~(p~9,~...ther~~~!pendati~n . of the Executive -COinnusslOn, It IS here1f>y Ol'dered t hat-.i<l..i.;!:r-'- 1....,f;...: ~_'"":."" .,j ~::" .. : . .; • 1": , SEeTIQN h . S~.ti(}n .Q. ot F;:xeey.tiye .Order No. 145 dated 8, 1943, is. ;b.~:reb~ 3JIlended -to read as follows .. . ~, ",d .-~ E~:urHy.~ OR~ER

'1.

~'.sec. ' 6~J Ea~ ..~ applicant ~

for

~

professional

dri~er's license -sb..all present three. copies of a reo-

banq. !"~~co:g;gtza.p'J. e p"hotoKFapil of said applicant, size, pro,vided that in the abJ!;J~Dc'tollrr~lPJ:ll,.. tiie license· to be fs's ued shall

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tJ!l!!Il':!,Q-]:t\argl~~ \. 1!y'~ the lkense~. The applicant ""'..,..-..-',_'= a,tl:!~,.PJ~sw,,_a medical certificate on his Snor-

~~Q};r~"'~'~'6~'/!'.< ~;!-U~~~"'~ ·

lssue4f-lu'r~, the .J~ledical , of" """. ·. o.Lf:qbl!c,j3ery,jces, 01'. by:' any; ~l:it~~iQ.i~llt,.m . gQveQ.1ID.ent. seryice, or by any li~""Fl":; ~'~\.!1!-~UI practitioner: approved by the Di:~ublic Slervicet>." , , iJ'l" ..

I

the

mt~ o~

Manila,

Phiil~ppilles,

this 17t h day

,l, ~:..; (Sgd.) JORGE. B. VARGAs .

.' 'Chairman of the Executive CO?n?11;ission

by tlie . l l i ,.."""."...

General of the Administ r ation

ap;an4~se Military Jul~ 17, 1943.

EXEGUTJVE ORDER NO.

r7~


SECTION '::1 , The third paragraph of section ' cu."",,,, ... and t hirty-seven · of the Reyised Administrative Code, as amended, .vhich provides f or fh-e payment of examination fees by banking instit ut i0ns and Imltual buildin g and loan associiLtions, is hereby repealed: SEC'. 2. This Or der shull take effect upon its approval. Done in th e Cit:,' ,:>t JLl.11 iL , P lliii;:'pines, thi s 19th day ot Jill:,' , l !W:.

hundr~d

( Sgd .) J ORGE B . VARGAS

- Chuirmnn of the E:r.ec:u,tive Cmmnission ApPROVED by the . Director General of the i . Japanese' Military Administration on July 19, 1943, EXECUTIVE ORDER NO, 180 .. ;~. •

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L IMITING ·THE APPLICATION ,OF -THE ·/ l;AX ON ~ .,.-;:-~', DEPOSITS IN BAN~S 'r o , ·I{~~:~~~-1~P~:<:2UR- ~~'7, _ RENT ACCOUNT. . . '.e- r~~::, ':'<:! ' ,:"" 7'( .

1

_ : -j>ursuant to the ·a"Utholiiiy cODfer~ed :up~zi-irie::'a~ -nead - - ·o f .the Central Administrative ' OrganiiatioO::-::-b y ' Order i'n connection with Order N 0 , ~ of·t~E.! ~Com~·ander-.:.:, in-Chief or-the Imperia:l Japanese Forces in the Phmp- . '~U:~!" " a~d . uPQn. the ,re~o~~~ng~tiou__o~ ,! he ;1p~:l£.~~tive •.Commls·s lon , thIS order hmItmg the apphcatxon of the .' tax .on deposits in banks to del'losits in .current · ;-' " ~~;!hereby ,pr@mulgated: _",,' '~_ . - .""' ~" ."; -"7,~:~~~, ' .

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, SECTION 1. Applica'tion ()f the tax on deposits in banks limited to de']losits in CU1Tent account.-The tax of one- " -eighteenth of one per centum iml'l@sed upon the average ~mount of deposits of m@ney in banks, for ,e~b month; by sub-section (b) of section 249, Ohapteli I; Title YiII, of the National Internal Revenue Code (Commonwealth Act No. 466), shall be collected only on deposits in ~ur: rent account subject to payment by check or draft, ~ t: _

[29]


.~ .

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2. Ejjectivity.::"-This Order shall apply te dein banks existing or l'ece,ived on and after J an i , 1, 1943. i!',:r : .. ~" -

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D~ne in the Gi,t y of Manila; PhHippines, this 19th day J.uly, l!943. ' '" - i :.~' ,', ,; " ~:.--",- c. , .. ' ' . : 1,

. ," " ,

(Sgd.)

3'ORGE

B.

VARGAS

,....'" "',..".:.' .... ""',,"'" : CiiaiTfnaii 'oj the Ei ecutive Commission :

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n,110..,.tr. ..."'· Gefierar of 'the ; .}oj ,:,, ' , , JjlIiIDl'~s~ Military A~inistration .. 1~~ . ~._r::

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ORDER NO. 181 .

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:quart~rly. '~-' ~-=----"':"",,"F------,~==--=-""""~,-",,,,"""'~~~-,,'.u. ~any__ classification

hire l TG) ~ :''-' . ". per annum, based weight of the trail· ..,a.• a .... ", by semester.-- .-;, .~;:, '" ~--' i- ::/7:;;_.e,.~.8) -Passengj.~r buses for hi,r e '{T1>U) ~, ;-:- - -;:.:.I . that of liT" payable q~rter1y.

0.08

Twice

[83] ,

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(4) Undertaker 01' fllnel:al -ea~ ~{U» .. :~ Twice that of "T" payable quarterly., (D) Motorcycles a.n d motor 8cooter8 ..':: (1) Three lilassengers or less, per a>Ih _ . num _ . . . • . . . . . . . , 36.00 (2) M~'tor cycies' or m~tor scaoters £0'; . more than thre.e passengers will be eonsidered as automobiles _and charged aceordingly. (E)' When certificate of public convenienc~ is re',' , q,u?'r ed ' -"J

-

,

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In the case of TPU, autoealesas, garage cars, and T~, a certificate of public coD.venienee -must first be secured fvom the Bureau' of Public . Services befoli'e any motor-.v:eh~- :' . cle Can be , regis.fered_ under any .. ,, :of~ such classificatipIis." ~_~ _.~ ::, , <'>", i..:" -;;.:;t .;.;.tlt' . _ : . ..

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~~:' f'~-"S~~~ 3....;T!!:~.- f~~o~_nlf~ !~~ s~all~ b{ ~~arge'!---f,<.>r-;'s> '';.. Identlfic~tlOn' plates: '.

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(A) Fo:r each number plate for."..identifica:" '.

tion of any, vehicle . . .. : . ~ : . -. . P 1.00 - ~

(:8) For each number plate fol' . identifica.-1-:"... i

tion purposes i'n connection -with1 temporary lilermits issued .-in M'ilhill1' by tne Military -Administration · or· the ·:-Bureau of Public Serv-iees 'T ; ;' . .t;"!_ •• - ( C ') F or one "Agent" plate. f@r use 'of automobile dealers duly registered . . ' . ~ :

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" Sec. 4. Payment of r egistration fees must made : ,;, ;:. " -

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On or before December 31st. for -the first qual'':' ':~:' . .;-;.. tel' or first semester of the e nsuing year.: '. ,~." ...~;:., On or before March 'Sl!si < _c'•."._._-=. te!. :' ", .~,- ,~~"'~.,U On or before June. 30tli iiol,' or seeond _. -" : ~,,~~:-;i:t" r, _. ,"'''': Orr ~or . before '1 '


any motor of any quarler'br: ~~ . mestral registration herein fixed, the fee for said _~ ··- -::':: ¥"egistration shall -be an amount equivalent to the - registration fee for the unexpired period of said quarter or semester, as the case may be: Provided, further, That fraction of- a month shall be considered as equivalent t o one month. "Sec. 5. The f-ollowing f ees shall be charged for operation of motor vehicles under temporary permits issued by the Bur eau of P ublic Services : (A ) For · temporar y use of aut o!TIooi]e"

pel' day, plus cost or plates. (B) For temporary _use of trucKs per day, plus cost of plates."

1'1.00

.

.

-2:00

"Sec. 10. The following terms shall bear the !Deaning indicated herein: (A) Permit-A permit is the authority issued _ by the Military Administration indicating the con. '" ~, i:Iitions ':for , operation of any motor vehicle, and ~.:{i~~· ,ipq,'sis~s ,..~f<,,~ :~~ic~e~ . s~~b,ol .l!-n~ ~ ~ . ~e~,ifj.~a ~e : 0.; ' ''c : ,:~. ,..,opeE~~~?~!i ·l~~~-~~ ·"":." --~- ·.·rJ:1"!;:~f1·"-' ~' ':';; ~ "O!~~~ .b~~'1~ ~';'?1;:· ~ ~~.(B) Sti?~er~A sti~k~r ~ sy~bol ?ears ihe (S~¢p ~ ~~ _ of :the ..MIlItary -AdmIlllstratlOn ~th ~ a blue _cIrcle -.,,,,,";:--:-:> ;. ' ~~. in. the ' iniddle ' bearing Japanese characters which - , "C '. :;; 4'lJiecify ~the ~authorify and nature of the operation ~ ,,<,'. "':" -an'd use. - If issued in Manila, 'it bears the signature ·:......ir ,.. ~ . : of the Director of Public Services. _,.. ""'l ',' -'. . ---

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?! _~?p_e.~ati?~A ~ cert!fi~~~e -!of

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.' ~cL-J; -:, -;"',operatlOn ,mdlCates tEe permIt number, car num-: '~~~~",;o;~ ;;'~'_»er,. type'~of . v~,icle, 'tpe corr'i!~pon4ing m9tor nlpll-; ~ 4_'~.i '_~ < .J>er: ,the name of the -owner or administrator, his 7~~,.~~_-'.!! ~··:J"' address ' arid nationality, ' the use -authorized, the· _ :-:0:; --:: '.: ~_ period of the permit and the date of iS$uance there:- , ~ of. It has the stamp of the Military Administration and bears the signature of ~ the ,.Director ~ of Public Services, if issued in Man~la." "' .. -- . - ' . ~ -·&F;G., 2. ,Ejjectivity.-This Order shall take effect upon" \

its approyal. :,

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[35']

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Done in the City of Manila, PhHi ppines, this 21st day of July, 1943. _ . (Sgd. ) JORGE B.

VARGAS

_.

Cha.i1inan of the E xecutive COl1bmission

A,PP.ROVED by the: Director 'G eneral of the Japanese Military Administration on . July , 21, 1943. ."':;.

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EXECUTI~

OR:IDER NO. 201 .

~

PROVIDING FOR THE ELECTION OF DELEGATES ~ TO THE NATIONAL ASSEMBLY OF · THE REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIFFINE£, APFROPRIAT-· ING FUNDS THEREFOR, AND ~OR OTHER FURPOSES. -

-

~" Pursu~l1t t.o; the 'authority_<:onferr~d ' u~9n ~:.'~'~ Head of the Central Administrative Organization- by Order · No.1 in:connectio_n with Order !"lo. 3 o(t~e CopPnander.-;;" in-tThief of t he ImTlerial Jaflanese Forces in the Phm~ .,. -. ' pines and in accordance wit h the pr@vis·ia'l1S of the Con- .:' stitution af the Republic olf the Fhilippines, it is· hereby . ordered, upon the recommendation of the Executive Commission, thatSE<DTI(i)N 1. The election of delegates to the First ~a~ 2tianal Assembly of the RepuMic of the PhHipipines shall be held on Sept em1i>er 2!il, 1943, in J he pr@v[,ncial and city government cifIice 1:mildirlg"s, .SEC. 2. All officer s . nd members of dul~T organized provin-d al, mun icipal, municipal district, cit.y, and city district , commiHees of the "KAPI SANAN SA P AGLILINGKOi[) SA BAGQNG P iILipINAS" shall have the l'ight to vote in tlae sa id election. The afficers and memJ :>ers of provincial, municipa:l, and munici,p al district committees shalL vote for the delegates .from the prov, inees ; ' and t hose of city and cit y ..district committees, ~6r delegates from tlae cities. ~ SEC. 3. Candidates for 'tne office of delegate to ational -:Assembly must be 'registered with ffi~ sE·lCr4~ta:rt:,.¥. or city committee, as the

;::-

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by means of a cerhficat e -of candidacy, duly~ swor~ , to, stating the name, Tesidence and ' post-office "iad<Iress 'of' the candidate and- that he is eligible for election.' The certificate of candidacy may be presented by ' the ' ' rlate himself or by a group of not less than five quali:< :led electol's, and must be fil ed not later t han the ;aay prior to the day of election. ' SE0. 4, All duly qualified provincial or City 'electors,' , ,"r: ~:.l! C:OD1'ene prompt ly at 9 o'clock a,m., on the day of "he election, m their l-espective provincial or city gov~' ~~' ?' ", ent offi ce l: uilrling15, upon call by the chairman, or, ' ?': : ~ j s ,:,hst?:lc.:, by ,lip "lcc.-chail'man of the provincial Q,' l >,~ " umr;' i~, ee-, "p,irl, C:l<l;::man or vice-chairman shall ;;:= r:;e I11'e~1(; e nt of i;', e election, while the secretary of <:18 ~)rG-V i l1 C i , l i {oj' o.: iry (commit t ee shall act as the secret ary the::eof. -

.

SEC. 5. Immediately after the opening of the meeting, the r egister of electors shall be prepared by the sec-', retary from the lists furnished by the chairmen of aU, the committees, Each chairman shall furnish the list ' of the members of the committee of the province, city, city district, municipality or municipal district presided' over by him in triplicate, duly signed ,by him and certified to as correct by the secretary. After the name's -, , of all electors are entered in the register, the names ap- ,_ pearing therein shall ' be announced by the secretary~ to- _ give opportunity for the i:pc1usion of the name of 'imy elector qualified to vote in ':-t he election, or the exclusion therefrom of the name of suoh elector as is not qua]i: - ',' fied to vote. Any elector shill have the right to propose " ' - the inclusion or exclusion of any name, stating briefly the grounds thereof. The president, after ,hearing the - chairman of the committee concerned, shall have , the power to decide any matter for the inclusion or exclusion of the name of any elector. He shall also h~ve " _~':­ the power to decide all other matters not herein other- ' wIse provided for. The secretary shall keep a record of the minutes of all the proceedings, including those for the ,inclusion or exclusion of names of electors, and shall, in addition, act generally as the poll clerk of the election, The president ' shall, however, have the power to appoint such assi stants 8E' he may deem nece's sary,

[37]


-SEC. 6. T.he -head of the pl'o~;incial or city c(!)mrnitteeshall provide, at publ.ic expense, a suitable- ballot box, such voting booths as may be necessary at the rate af one-far every fifty: qualified electors, and the necessary number of ballots f(!)r the election. Ballots shaH be uniform and shall bear at the back the signature of the president and the secretary. -- SEC. 7. Every registel'ed candidate shall b~ entitled l o a watcher designated i·n writiNg by him or bY·. those who· s1&I!ed his certificate -of -eandidacy. Three capies of the appaintment- shall be filed with and received b~ the secretary of the provincial or city committee, as the case may be, on the day prior to the election. . The watcher sha:ll have the righ~ to witness and inform himself of the pl1oceedings, ta take nates of what he may see or hear, register a protest against any ir-reguJarity which be believes may have been committed, and read the ballots after they shall ltave been -read by the presiding of--ficer, without touching them; but he sliaU'.not talk wit1l any.. one in such a manner as . to in.,. terrupt. the pra!!eedings, ex~ept i,n , the. exercise of the_ ~ig~'t. g~ted h~Ill herein .. .: - -': _ .'.,' -:. .... , -: _SEC. 8. Uj>On the completion of th'Ei l;egister of electors, the" president of the ' election shall declare the meeting Feady ior. the election. - Thereupon the voting shall pro. ceed"as follows: As ' his' name is caned, every elect or shalf-approach the pall cle.r~, receive a blank ballot. ret ire to' 'one of tlie unoccupied baoths and, in not more than three minutes, write - the name (j)f only one cand idate. . fold his ballot ·twice toward the bottom, and deposit the same in the lDaHot b0!lC.. This pr ocedure shaH be fo li o'.';€:G uninterruptedly untill all qualified electors present S!~ a 11 have casf their votes. -. No elector shall be ailowed to yote more than once . SEC. 9. ]:( an elector shall spoil ar deface hi s ballot ion _ su~h a way that it can N(!) langeI' IDe - used, he shaH -:'- surrender it to the poll clerk who shall publicly can<:: el it -and give the elector another one. .. ~.::-_"..T",. 10. ·It -shall be unlawful· to solli cit votes or cam· or agaiIlst" any .c andidate (!)n tlJe day (j)f t he ~

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n. On:ly election officers, watchers, t.he deputy [~


: ~f -the Dir~cto;':Gelfe~~l 'bf the i'KAPiSANAN SA p~~- -

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LILINGKOD SA BAGONG PILtPINAS" -a nd - persons -entitled to vote, shall be a]]owed - withili-the ~po11ing place. -: The president of the . election : slialI '~ have 'full ' authority to keep order within the polling ' pl'ace' and its environ!! and to enforce obedience to his lawful orders and to' the provisions of this Executive Order. Any person -who shall refu.se to obey the lawful commands of the presi-dent, or shall observe a disorderly conduct and thus interrupt or disiurb the proceedings, may be arrested and taken into custody until the adjournment of the meeting. upon order of the president; but such order, shaH not be so executed as to prevent the person "so -taken into cu stody from exercising his right. to ",ote. Such order shall be executed by any peace officer,to -whom it may be -directed, but if none shall be present, by 'arty other person deputed by -the presiding officer. ~ SEC. 12. As soon as the voting is finished, and in ~the immediate presence of the watchers, the poll clerk shall count the ballots found in the ballot box, without unfolding them OE exposing their contents, except so far as to ascertain that each ballot is single, and shall compare. the number of .ballots in _the box -with the number of electors who voted. If _there are excess baUots, they shall be replace~ ip J9~ boxx sp.~n .be_ t~o!:o~~4Ii-l.Wi[.1g!ed therein- and the po]] clerk, without ,seeingthe .ballots and with hls "" back to theboX-;, sha1l- .publicly, .diaw ,<>Uf..as _many baJli>ts ~s ~y be equal. to such exc'ess~and: ' wiul~ ~ out unfolding them, ' place them in' a ~kage whl'c h ' shall be marked "EXCESS BALLOT,S," shall be 'sealed and signed by the pr~sident, the poll clerk_and the watchers, and replaced in the box with the' other ballots and their , contents shall not be read in the counting of ,votes~ -IL -in the course of this examhiation, any ballots s hall be : found .folded together in such manner that they ~lIi~t' hav-e heen s.9 folded before they were deposited in- the box, they shall be placed in the rpackage-ror av.'.-"E-,,----j"'t:=--~-_'l lots hereinbefore mentioned. The ballots shall then be read 'pu'blicly by the President one by one while the poll clerk records the number of votes received by each ,candidate On a blackboard pro~ided for the purpose, ~ach ' time 'by,: means of a vertical line, except every fifth vote of the -same- candidate which -


shall be noted with a diagonal lin.::. The ballets shall then be replace a -in the box . ..':file electors shall not adjourn or post pone or delay the cOllnt until it shall be fldly completed~ SEC. 13. A ballet should be counted whenever it expresses the intention of the elector with reasonable certainty. - - - .- - -SEC. r4.TmmeUlafely aft~r-'tn-e c"Ount, the president shall oraUy and l'lllblicly announce the totdl number af votes received by each one of the candidates and shall · declare the candidate receJ:Wng the highest number of votes elected delegate to the National Assembly. In ease two or more candida-tes receive the same number af ~ votes, said candidates shall draw lots in the presence of ~ the president, the '(')(DlI clerk, the watchers, and such elecr - tors- as may then be present, and the president shall ::.+ . thereafter !'>ubr.icly announce the result of the draw. A -written .s tatement containing the name of the delegateelect and · the .number of votes received by him shall be signed in tripliea>te by tbe president and attested to by the poll clerk. _'Fhe name of the delegate-elect shall also be transmitted by telegram to the President and to the · Director-General af the Associaltian. SEC. 15. Before leaving the polling place, the poll clerk shall prepare and sign in triplicate . the minutes of the .meeting, stating when the meetip.g was ca-lled to order , and by whom, when the lists of electors were read, the petitions for inclusion or exclusion filed and the .corre_, _sponding resolutions of the chair, the names of the candidates and their respective watchel:"S, the number and nature of protests filed by ~ particula,r watchers, when the vating cammenced and when it ended, the number of ballots available for use in the election, the number of ballots distributed, the number of unused, spoiled and excess banots, if any, and the number of electors who cast their votes. SEC. 16. Befor~ adjournment, the original copy of the lists af voters, of the president's statement and of the · minutes of the meeting, shall .be deposited in the ballot box, which shall be' delivered for safe-keeping to the , Senior Inspector of the- Constabulary, wlio sha:ll sign- a ' reCeipt therefor and keep the box and its · contents in .~,~.~-,-_ ..his posse-ssion,. in a secure--place and under ~is resp~n­ ~~,,~.>

[40]


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· sibHity, for .a period of three_ months, unless they are ..the subject of. an ' election contest or of an official jp.vestigation by competent authority. One copy each 'Of the lists of voters, of the statement and of the minutes shall be sent by messenger or by -registered mail to :"'t he PreSident and to the Director-General of the "KAPISA· · NAN SA PAGLILINGKOD SA BAGONG PILIPINAS.". SEC. 17. The Bureau of Communications ;:!hall receive and transmit, without delay and free._of charge, all reo ports and documents relating to the election provid~d for hereiN. SEC. 18. The delegates to the National Assembly elected in accordance with this Executive Order shall be pro· claimed as elected ' by the Chairman of the Executive C(;)mmission, in his capacity as President of the "KAPISANAN SA PAGLILINGKOD SA B;\.GONG PILmINAS." . SEC. 19. The Director-General of the "KAPISAN:A SA PAGLItINGKOD SA BAGONG PILIPiINAS" s II have iminediate supervision over · provincial, municip~l and city officials of the Association in the performanbe (;)f their duties nelative ta the election provided for herF: in and may suspend and, with the previous approval af the President of the Association, may remove recalditrantofficers and appoint temporary substitutes, rb-quast the aid of the Solicitor-General, fiseals and" oth~r prosecuting officers, and of peace officers, and desig- . nate one deputy for eaoh· province and city to secure an orderly, free and honest election. Each- depu,t-y shall be entitled to a per diem of ten pesos, plus actual expenses in going to and returnin.g from his station. ~ . SEC. 20. At least twenty printed copies of this tive Order in English or Tagalog shall be every l'lrovincial~ ·m unicipal, municipal district, city city district commJttee, of the "KAP'lSANAN SA P qLINGKOD SA BAGONG PILIPINAS," at least dli,ys _priol"--to_ the .:.election._ _ __ _______ ___ I_ _ _ _ . SEc:-21. Anyone found guHty. of the malicious tion af any provision 'of this Executive Order .shall · punished with imprisonment for not less than one nor more than six years. and shall be further sen W' suffer disqualification to hold: a public- office and privation of the right of 'suffrage for not less than

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the peopte.:- c"'n-,:~ ._ - .~:'4' :~ 'SE-d.- 2. For ~ , stated in Section 1, ,t he CoIri'missioner of Agriculture and ' Commerc;e is hereby ,a u.; .... , -. thorizecf : - ~;;. - -- ;f-l·, ' - . '~'~'~" ;"'~(a) ~"To ' tlesignate .t he ,commodities (hereinafter re. {erred as '''prime commodities") to which the· proviSions Of .this Prder ~sbaH .apply; ,,:( bj ,To orde.r .the forrnat.i 9n or organization of, ,or to .3esi$llate, ,the 'organizati,ons, whether natural or juridical pers.on 1(hereinafter referr!!d to as "control organizatic;m") .which shall ,be in charge of controlling the distrih.utio.n .of prime_commodities and to authorize such cO:Q.trQI organizatio-!ls to" purchase and distribute prime c,oIWAQdi.ttes .and to take such .o.th~r measures as may ' ; . -:. . ,be Ae~e.§::>.9J;Y~ .. . (c) T ."," 0 ~. ~ue SU~h. ?rde,rs.t9 ~he~e contr?l .org~niz~t~ons as . may be necessary for controlhng the dIstributIOn of pr~e- com ,"oditie~' ; - and -' ' . '._ ' . : ' - ," '( d) -'r~ desig~a'te th~ prime commodIties f~r the distribution of1 which . -' • - -ration . .. tickets shall be required, the regions whrre the ration-ticket system shall be enfoI:ced and the person who shall issue and distribute such ration tickets. ' . . ' ~

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-SEC. 3~ ~l.!.e measures taken by the ..AgricJ.lJtur~ and _Commerce pursuant

Commissioner of to -the provisions of paragraphs (a), (b), and (d) of the next preceding seetion shall .be published and advertised in a suitable in~eT so ;as '~o 'giv,e notic.e thereof to ~~ many persons --' ." ~s ma.Y _be practicable. '. SEc. .4. The Commissioner of Agriculture and COnl:mer:ce ma~ whenever necessary for the enforcement of control measures regarding the distribution of prime - commoditisl, .require any. public official pr ivate per801)., ,:Whet? ·r na~u~al o~ j.uridical, to su1:>mit pertinent .9.a4i and . formation, ' and may cause to be made at all rea~onable ~ours searches and examjnations of facto'----~n =.'""e';:s-, ~s""""" o.P~s~, ar~~oUses or esfa~lishm€nts of persons habItually eng ged III the productIOn, manufacture and importation Q' sale of prime commodities, inquiries as to -their meth ds, of, or the c0nditions surrounding, the pllorluctiQn, ma!l'lufacture, impol'tation and distribution L -- of s1J.cn co morlities, and ~ei.r quantity of stock there•

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of; and inspection of their accounting books and other papers and articles used in the business or traae. Such orders shall be exec\!lted m~ the ]!ll!l.lmlic I!>:ffic~arl or the official of any control organization duly accredited who _ shall exhibit certificates of identification and authority before making the inspection, search, examination 0r in q,\!liry. SEC. 5. After the conb'ol organizations are formed and organized or designated, no one except the control organizations or the persons designated by said- organizations shall ha.b itually engage ill the purchase, sale or transfer of ]!lrime commodities or act as agent, broker or intermediary in the purchase, sale o! transfer such commodities or keep or conceal such cQmmodities for the purp0se of their sale or transfer unless auth0rized by the Commissioner of Agriculture and Commerce. SEC. 6. No producer, manufacturer or importer of prime c0mmocdities sh'aM sell or transfer sl!lch comm0dities except to the control 0rganizations c0ncerned: Provided, however, That those who have been given a permission by the said contr01 organization shall be exemllted theref rom. -No produce.r, manufacturer or importer of prime commodities shall keep or conceal such commodities for the purpose of selling or transferring them to persons other t han the control 0rganizati@ns concerned n@r refuse to sell such commodities to such control organizations. No person who is habitually engaged in the sale of prime commodities sh¡a l,l direct ly buy or acqui:ue slich commodit ies from persons other than the control organizahons concemed: PTO~. ided, however, That those 'w ho have been gi"l-en a permission by t he said cOlltrol ol'grmiza1,;jons sIla!] be exemnt ed therefrom. No other pel'saIl shan directly buy or acquir e in any means prime commodit ies from t he producer, manufacturer or importer of such commodities: Provided, however, That those who have been given a permission my the said CORirol organizations shall be exempted therefrom. _ The prohibition contained in the first and third para",gr aphs ef this section shall apply to contracts. already perfected OD the date the- prime c0IIml@dities in'V@lved have been cdesignated as such bY- the Commissioner of Agriculture and Commerce, if such contracts have not

[44J


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o one sh; Il b ri1n"i."in 'or b ke out of a~y prov-1nee or chartered city -prime commodities except in any -'of t he following c-ases : (a) -When such commodit ies, in moderate quantity, are- for the personal use of the carrier and ' his imm ediate f l:1,mily; '(b ) When such commodities ar e provided with an invoice or a certificate issued theref or by any of the control organizations; or ( c) In localities where there is no such contr ol 01'ga,, izat ion, when such commod it ies a r e pro',i ded 1.",¡ith U;-, i,nvoice or a certificate issued ther ef or by the Pl'o,-inc::a ; 'Governor, the M_ayor of the char tered c:ty concerned 0:' any organization designated by the Commissioner of 4 griculture and Commerce, _- SEC, 8. The following acts a r e also prohibited: (a) Selling or transferring pr ime commodit ies by any perSOll who is habitually engaged in the sale of such , commodities or buying or l:!cquiring t hem f r om such person unless in exchange of the corresponding points 'in a ratiQn ticket in the regions where the raiion ticket system is enforced. (b) Selling or transferring ration tickets issued to ~ny per son, or buying from or accepting them -from . 'such person, unless to or from members of his immediate family. The p.rovisions of this Section shall not apply to the -acts of control organizations or to cases excepted by . the Commissioner of Agriculture and Commerce before the act is committed. SEC. 9, Any person who violates the provisions of Seetions 5, 6 an a 7 of this Order shall, upon conviction, be 'punished by imprisonment not exceeding five years or by a fine not exceeding fifty thousand pesos, or both, in the discretion of the court, with subsidiar y imprisonment. in case of insolvency: Pr'ovided, however', That any person who violates the provision of the third paragra]lh of Section 6 without any intention of obtaining - profit thereby shall be punished by imprisonment not exceeding six months or by a fine ilOt exceeding one

[45]


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thousand pesos, or both, in the discretion of the court, with subsidiary imprisonment in case 0f insolvency. Any commodity involved in the offense shall be subject to confiscati@n. In case confiscatioN cannot be ma<i1e accol'diNg to the Illr<;>visi0ns of the R:evisecl Penal Cede, l;>ecause @f the intervening rights of persons actiO]llg iN good faith, tIDe @ffender may be re(:}uired t@ f@rfe,jt to the G0vernrnent a sum equivalent to the value @f the commodities inv@lved. SEC. 10. Any perSON who violates the provisions of Section 8 of this Order shall upon conviction be punished by imprisonment not exceeding six months or by - a fine not exceecling one thousand pesos, or both, in the discretion of the c0urt, with subsidiary imprisonment in case of insolvency. The same penalty shaH be imposed upon any person who refuses to obey the ord~rs of the e0mmissi@Ne.r 01 Agriculture and C0mmel1Ce under Section 4: 0;ÂŁ this Order or wh@ resists 0r clistu,r bs the. inspections, examinations, searches, and inquiries conducted in accordance .. with said section; and without prejudice in the latter . case, to any criminal ' responsibility for assault, resistance or disobeclience to authorities or their agents under the Revised Penal Code. SEC. 11. Violations of this Order by the managers, represent atives, directors, agents or employees of any natural or juridical person in the interest of the latter shall render said natural 0 1' juridical person ameNable t o the pecuni ar y penalties cor:r esponding to tl~e @if:fiense, w it hou t prej ud ice t o the h,llt:positi0n Qf the pr@:pel' pen~, }l~-, e;thel' pe l' sol1~ l: or pecuniary or b0th Npon t he' N.1an[!?8l , l'e-pre:'entid:i -;,,", di rector, a g ent or employee. ,.;:[C 12, Se,-e,'c:: ,:; uC'ces siye act~ i ~ violat ion of the ]lJ oyisions of t hio. Ol'del' if commi tted in such close proximi ty to e& (:h other as to warrant the conclusion that t he~' are impell ed -by a single criminal intent, sha}l} be r egarded as constitu t ing only a single offeNse. SEC. 13. This Order shall n0t apply t@ transactiONS conducted' by t he Imperial Japanese Army 3:!lld Nai\TY. CHAPTER H-P~OCEDURE

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SEC. 14. Offenses defiNed in the pr0;vi pal'agraph .1 of Section 9, aJild those defined in Section H) 01 this l

[46]


-the "U:;unlcipal -or Justice:oi t'he . bffensesAdefiiled tinderpar:: -Section 9, '- except the proviso, shall be triCourt -of 'First Instance -of the province or "

'11{ The provision~ of Sections 14, 15, 16, 17, 18. :19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24 ~nd 25 of Chapter II-" Procedure" -of Executive Order No. 157 "On Price Control of Com,modities," insofar as they may be applicable, shall apply Jo_proceedings }or offenses committed under this Order. In case commodities confiscated under thi s Ord er are prime commodities, they shall be sol d to the coninl orga!1izations at r easonable prices. FINAL PROYISIO N . . , ~.: S~~. 'is. This - Order snaIl take effect on the date of , .1ts pro-inulgation: Provided, however, That the Comm is· ~sTon.er -of Agricultur e and Commerce shall fix separately the date when the provisions of Sections 5 and 6 of this Order shall be enforced and the r egions where said provisions shall be enforced. '.'- The ration-ticket system enforced in the City of Manila before the promulgation of tbis Order shall be con-: - ' sidere'd -to have been adopted under this Order . . ~ '~4 Done' in tiie 'City of- Manila, Philippipes: this 20th d'~y --~ <- ~ of. September, 1943. -;

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JORGE B. VARGAS ....---'_ " f};.h ai1-man of the Executiv e Commission _ ::-:-ApPROVED by the _~ ~.- Director .General of j;he .' '" Japanese, Military Administration -.' on ..September 20, 1943. -: ' .. ~ ':r.

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EXECUTIVE ORDER NO . 226 -

REGU4ATING THE POSSESSION OF "FIREARMS" AND "AMMUNITION"; KEEPING, SALE, ISSUANCE AND DISPOSITION THEREOF AND _PROVIDING LICENSE FEES THEREFOR. Pu'r suant to the authority conferred upon me as H ead 9f the Centl'al Administrative Organ ization by Order

[47]


No. 1 in connection w ith Order No.3 of the Commanderin-Chief of the Imperial Japanese Forces in the Philippines, aml upon the recommendation of the iExecutive Commission, the following regulations are her~by prescribed goveming the keeping, sale, issuance and disposition of firearms and ammunition and Jilroviding license fees therefm':

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ARTICLE I-GENERAL PROVISIONS SECTION 1. "Fi1'ea1-m" defined.-"Firearm," or "Arm" as herein used, includes rifles, muskets, carbines, shotg uns, revolvers, pistols, all dead.ly weapons from which a bullet, ball, shot, shell, or other missiles may be dis_ charged by means of gun powder or other explosive, and all explosives (includin g all letha l instruments such as hand grenades, bombs, etc., and industrial explosives). The term also includes air rifles, except such as being of small caliber an d limited range are used as toys. The barrel of any firearm shall be eellsidered. a complete firearm for all the pl!lrposes hereof. SEC. 2. "A1n11~urni tion" defined.-"Ammunition" shall include pistol, 1'e,·olve1', an d riflie cartridges and shotgun shell s of an y description , caliber and gauge. SEC. 3. Fo nH~ (, j, d ·'·'.aulaIi Oil to be p1'escri bed by tlz e COiii.iiiissione? · vi tile. J llterio1·.- The Commissic;me1' of t he Interior shall )) l'esc.·ibe such forms and promulgate su ch regul ation s as h e sha H deem necessary for the p)'ope:' enforcer:.1en;' of this Or der,

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AKD VERIFICATION OF ';

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il .-;hd. rb:- Ull,mYlu] r or all Y permaJ1UIaCCU l'E- Oi ' pO"'~'2;:'S a !JY firearm, detached (if fir earnl c::: [~~111l1U~litjo~ therefor .

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SEC. 6. E, 'cep tio)l ({ '. to fi?' eaT1ii E' an d amm unition us ed

by peace office1's.- T his Order shall not apply to fire-

a rms and a mmuni t ion r egula rly and lawfully issued to officer" a nd m en: b.::' ~ of t h e Constabulary, agents or trai nees (i)f th@ Constabulary, guards of the Bl!lreau of - Prisons, city or mun icipal peli ce, and provincial' jail guards, when such firearms are in the possession of

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such officials and public agents for use in the .performance of their -official duties. ¡r:.' SEC. 6. Sp ecial pm-mit fo r possession of arms "by civil employees. -W ith the approval of the Chairman of ihe E xecut ive Commission, the Director of Constabulary may, under such t erms and conditions as he may prescribe and the Cha irman may approve, issue 'a special permit t o any public official or employee to possess firearms and ammunition necessary for personal protection in the performance of his duties as certified by ,l:e :1e:1(1 of the de:>artment concerned. ::; EC. -:, l.,icen st' .'." IJ I' " /' 9 d jol' i1zdividual keeping of ~!!rnE il)I ' ~JI~ /'sO"i b(d ;1 ,,13; .3eczu'ity to be given.-Any per~on des il': D2' [0 pO~,')eS~ one Oi- more firearms for personai protection or fOl' other lawful purposes, and ammunition t hereof, shall make application for a license t o possess such firearm or firearms or ammunition stating the r easons why h e needs such firearm or firearms as her einafter pr ovided. Upon making such application, and before receiving the license, the applicant shall, for the purpose of security, make a cash deposit in the Postal Savin gs Bank or in t he Philippine National Bank in the sum of fift y pesos f or each firearm for which the liceD!~e is to be issued, and shall indorse the certificate of deposit there.for to tpe National Treasurer. SEC. 8. Mode of m aking application and acting upon the same.-Al1 applicat ion for a personal license to possess firearms an d ammlin~tion, as herein provided for, made by a r esident of the City of Manila, shall be di- rect ed to the Mayor of said City, whose duty it shall be to forward the applicatio n to the Director of Constabulary with his recommendation and that of the Metropolitan Constabulary Commander. Applications made by residents of a province or city shall be directed to the Governor or Mayor of the same, who shall f~rward them with his recommendation and that of the Senior ! , Inspector to the Director of Const abulary. Subject to ~ such general restrictions as the Chairman of the Executive Commission may prescribe from time to time, the Director of Constabulary may approve or disapprove such applications. The Director of Constabulary upon receiving and approving the certificate of deposit duly indorsed to the

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Constabulary, noting on each license the date of the verificatien maae by him. BEC. 'l'i."Duties of holder of firear?>ts.-It shall be the ...duty of any person holding a license to possess firearms or aIJUlluniti(i)N t(i) help iB the- ma,inten3.Jnce of peaee and order_ It shall als~ be his dut y to exhibit such license whenever caHed upon to do so by a Provincial Governor, .or-oJ' a provIncIal -o ffICer actIngunaerwritteii or"ger (i)f the Provincial Governor, by th-e City Mayor, by a 'peace officer aeting under a written order of the City Mayer, by an officer of the Bureau of Oonstabulary, or by a member of the Const3.Jbulary acting lmder orders (i)r pur~ suant to regulation. I ;,- -Alr:rIcLE III-REVOCATION OF LICENSES AND SURRENDER OF SECURITY SEC. 18. Revocation of firjiarms licenseo-Any firearm license- or licenses may be revoked at any time by the Director of Constabulary or by oraer of the Chairman olthe Executive Commission. SEC. 19. Surrender of certifieatJe of deposito-Whoe n a fi.rearm license expires (i)r is rev(i)ked or surrendered, and all the arms or ammunition held thereunder are accounted for and disposed of according to law, the li-_ censee's certificate of deposit shall be surrendered by the Director of Constabulary uDon satisfactory proof of _compliance with t he laws and regulations relative to the use of firearms. ARTICLE IV...:...LOSS OF FIREARMS AND FOREFEIT; URiE OF SECURITY o SEC. 200 Forfeiture -of em-tifieate=of deposit.-Where _ a certificate of deposit has been used as seourity and - the licensee faiJIs to comply with any pr(i)vision of this Order 01' of the regu.Jations pursuant theret o, or wit h the terms- of his license, or faBs to have forthc(i)ming upon proper demand th~ firearm covered by his license, whether lost through accident or otherwise, the Director (i)f Constabulary shaU, upon satisfactoFY proof of such fact, forward the cerTIficate of deposit to the ~a:tional Treasurer for col'lection. The amount thereof when e01lected shall be dep(i)sited to the cred,i t of geNeral funas. SEC. 21. R -e fund upon r ecovery of lost firearm.-When a lost fi,r earm is recovered by the owner or by an agent

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of the law through indication of the owner, reimbursement shall be made for any sum collected by forfeiture of his deposit. SEC. 22. Remission oJ liability of loss of firearms .The Chairman of the Executive Commission, in his discretion, may relieve from liability of his bank deposit any person losing a firearm for which he had a proper license, upon the presentation of satisfactory proof showing that said firearm was destroyed or lost beyond reasonable chance of recovery by any person, and ~ hrough no faul t or negligence on the part of the pero.on holding the license. ARTICLE V-LICENSE FEES SEC. 23. Fees.-Any person who owns or possesses a license for firearm as herein provided, shall pay the following initial and annual fees: For each firearm held on license: Initial fee . . .' . . . . . P20.00 Annual fee . . . . . . . 5.00 SEC. 24. Collection and disposition 01 lees.-The fees herein provided shall be collected by the Director of Customs and Internal Revenue under such rules and regulations as said Director and the Director of Constabulary may pre-scribe, with ' the a,p proval of the respective be. ¡ partment Commissioners. The proceeds Q.f the collection of such fees shall accrue to the Central Administrative Organization. _A.RTICLE VI-SUPPLEMENTARY PROVISIONS SEC. 25. Th.e de-positing of firearms or ammunition by holders i thereof not desirous of furth.er possession.Those persons who, although actuany in possession of firearms or ammunition, regardless of wheth.e r or not such possession may be lawful according t o laws existent prior to the promulgation of. thiS" Order,- do -not -wish +-,.-- ' - - -obtain special permits or lic.e nses in accordance with the provisions of Sections 6 and 7 of this Order, and are desirous of surrendering the said firearms or ammunition shall deliver the same, in the case of the City of Manila to the Mayor -of that City, and in other places to the provincial governor or city mayor concerned, by taking a procedure similar to that prescribed in Sectiop

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of this Order. The aforementioned officials shall fo1'ard the deJ;losited firearms or ammunition to the Diector 0f COnstalmlary. Jin this case the 0wnership 0f the firearms 01' ammu,ition shalll c0Btimle to . rest with the deposit0r and the ffice in charge shall jssue to the cle]lositor a certificate f f de]l0sit, make file necessary registrations and shall - - , - -e- chargea WI t1lSeCtireIy -sa feguarmn-g the - deposited rticles. i _ All persons not taking the above procedure shall be regarded as. unlawful possessors and _shall be punishkble in accordance with the provisions of this Order. L Firearms 0r ammunition in the possession of perpons who, not wishing to deposit said articles in accordance wltb the foregoiBg procedure, are desir0us of disposal by the sale thereof sHall, upon the filing of apFllication~by tHe interested paonies, be purenased by the . povernment in aceorda.nce. with Paoragraph 5(g) of Admini~tra.tive Oreder No. 31, of May 21, 1943. . . - I The Government may arrange for the transfer 'of su~h firearms or ammuniti0n surrendered for disposal to any person to wh0m a special permit or liceBse has meen dl!lly Issued but who does not as yet possess the firearm or hmmunition permitted. I The cletails 0f the procedure in this case sh_all, iN the City of .Manila, be handled by the Mayor of that City, }nd in other plaees, by the provincial g0vernor or city fayor caBcerned. THe aiÂŁ0re-mentioned officials shall ~ake due action . after applying for aBd ehtaining from the Director af C0Bstabulary the rel!}uisite appro~fll.

~

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ARTICLE VII-PENAL PROVISIONS SEC. 26. Failure of personal,. representative of deceased licensee to su?-render firearm.-When a holder of any firearm license shall die or become subject to legal disability and ~ny of his relatives, or his legal rep~esentatives, or any other person shall knowingly come into possession of any firearm or ammunition e0vered - by sucll llicense, sl!lch ]lerpon, upon failure to deliver the same :li0 the i[)irector of COBs,t a.bulary in Manila_0l' to the senior inspee,t or in nhe city 0l" pvovince, shall be pun- ished by a fine not -exceeding five hundred pesas or by imprisonment not exeeeding six months, or by both, in the discretion of the court. -

[54] ~-.

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SEC. 27. UnlawfulPossession.-Any person ~ho manufactul'es or possesses any firearm, parts of firearms,- _or - ammunition therefor, in violation of any provision of this Order, shall, upon convict.ion by a court of competent jurisdiction, be punished -by imprisonment for a period not less than six years and not more than twelve years and- fine not exceeding ¡ two thousand pesos. A conviction under this section shall carry with it the forfeiture of the prohibited article or articles to the Govermnent, and sharr be..}Vithout prejudice to the punishment of the offender under military laws. SEC. 28. Loss .of arms by members of the Constabulary and police ferce, g~cards of the Bureau of Prisons, p1'Ovincial jail guard, and civil employees with special permits.-Any member of - the Constabulary and police force, any guard of the Bureau of Prisons, any provincial jail guard or any public offiFial or employee who has been issued a special permit tw"ho, through neglect or other unjustifiable reason, shal~ lose any firearm for which he is responsible, shall be dismissed from office and shall be punished by a fine 9f not more than five hundred pesos or by imprisonment for not more than one year, or both, in the discreti~n of the court. SEC. 29. Failure to pay fe es. -T~e fees provided herein are due and payable on the dape the license to possess the firearm and ammunition ]s issued and on each anniversary thereof, and- failure tol pay said fees within sixty days after they have become due and payable shall render the person ill arrears liable to a surcharge of 25% of the regular -f-ees unpaid. When a licensee fails to pay the fees -within one_hundred twenty days from the date they become due and pa~able, the remedy by distraint shall be followed. The - firearm shall be confiscated and the license revoked. j SEC~ 30. This Order shall tl'lke ffect from the date of promulgation. . -Done in the City of Manila, Philippines, this 12th day _ _ _ _ oLDcioheI;-19A3 - - - \ - - -( Sgd.) JORGE B. j VARGAS _ Chairman of }he E l ecutive Commission ApPROVED by the Director General of the Japanese :M ilitary Administration on October 11, 1943. '.

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