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OF THE ~~PANESE

MILITARY ADMINISTRATION

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Edited by THE BUREAU OF PUBLICITY DEPARTMENT OF GENERAL AFFAIRS JAPANESE MIUTARY ADMINISTRATION

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by MANILA NIT! NITI SHIl-{8UN SHA, INC.


THE OFFICIAL JOURNAL OF THE

JAPANESE MILITARY ADMINISTRATION

Volume No.4

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by THE BUREAU OF PUBLICITY DEPARTMENT OF GENERAL AFFAIRS JAPANESE MILITARY ADMINISTRATION

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TABLE OF CONTENTS Pay â&#x20AC;˘â&#x20AC;˘ Speech by His Excellency, Major-General Hayashi, Director-General of Japanese Military Administration, at the auspicious occasion of a n all-Filipino celebration of the complete occupation of Bataan and Corregidor ........... .. ... .. ........ . . . .... . ... ......

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Address by Jorge B. Vargas, Chairman of the Philippine Executive Commission, after the parade held on May 18, 1942, in celebra tion of the capture of Ba taan a nd Corregidor ... . . . . . . . . . . . . .

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Speech by His Excellency, Major-General H ayashi , Director-General of Japanese Military Admini stration, at the first meeting of t he P rovi ncial governors, city mayors and treaSUTers ...... . .....

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Section L

Affairs concerning Department of Interior ......... ..... . I nstr ction ( No. 23) --<:oncerning the reopening of public elementary schools ... Instl'uction (No. 26) --<:oDcerning tbe date of reopening of public elementa ry schools ..... . ....... . .................. . .......... . . Instruction (No. 35) --<:oncerning reopening of priva elementary schools in t he Philippines a nd t he te'x t hooks to be u sed in these school s. . .

Section 2.

Affa irs concerning Bureau of Political Affairs ....... . ... Notification -concerning execution of anti-J apa nese Chinese leader s .. .

Section 3.

Affa irs concerning Bureau of Publicity ............ . .... . Instl'uction (No. 16) --<:oncerning inspection of books and other publications . ..

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Section 4.

Affairs concerning Department of Communications. . . . . . . . Proclamation --<:oncerning t he protection of the means of telegraphic and telephone communication .. ............. . ..... .... .... Administrative Ordinance (No.3) --<:oncerning r elease of temporary saving of electric power. . Announcement --<:oncerning release' of temporary saving of electric power. . Announcement --<:oncerning the operation a nd pay ment of registration fees of the permi tted motor cars ... . . ...... . ........ . .. . .... Military Ordinance (No.6) --<:oncerning repeal of Military Ordinance No. 11 . . . . . . ..

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Section 5.

Affairs concerning Department of Finance Proclamation -concerning prohibition of circulation of Philippine National Bank emergency notes ............... . . .... ..... Military Ordinance (No.5) -concerning prohibition of circulation of Philippine National Bank emergency notes ........................... Notification -concerning extension of banking hours of two Japanese and four Filipino banks .......... '. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

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Section 6.

Affairs concern ing Department of Industries ............. Announcement -concerning revision of retail prices of cigarettes ..... . . .

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Section 7.

Affairs concerning the Judiciary. . . . ... . . ... ... ..... .. . . Instruction (No. 28) -concerning the disposa l of civil cases in which enemy subjects Or hostile aliens are parties ........... .. .... Notification (No.2) of the Military Administration -concerlling civil cases in which enemy subjects or hostile aliens are parties ......... .. ....... . ............... :... Instruction (No. 34) -concerning t he interpretation of enemy subjects or hostile

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Section 8.

Section 9.

Affa irs concerning Headquarters of Military Police of t he Imperial Japanese Forces. ... .. . . .. . . . . . .. . ... . ... ... . Announcement -concerning punishment of Filipino group acting maliciously against the Military proclamation ... ...... ...... ... Affairs concerning Headquarters of Commander for Defense of Greater Manila . .................. . ............... Notification -concerning lifting of enforcement of the blackout regulations ....................................... . ..... . . Notification -concerning s hortening of the curfew time in the city of Greater Manila and its neighboring towns. ... .. ... .. .. .. Notification -concerning target practice ............ . ............. . . Notification -concerning daily operation of siren announcing correct noon time ...... . . . ......... . .... . ............... . ...

Se'ction 10. Executive orders by the Chairman of the Philippine Executive Commission (Nos. 19, 29, 34, 35, 36, 37, 38, 40, 41.) ii

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Page. Executive Order (No. 19) -Registration and operation of motor vehicles ........... Executive Order (No. 29) -R ul es and regulations governing the organization, powers, function s and duties of the Constabul ary .. . ... . . . ..... Executive Order (No. 34) --<>peration of Central Garage ................. . .. .... .. Executive Order (No. 35) - Requiring religious organizations or orders to secure permission before soliciti ng or collecti ng alms a nd contributons for religious purposes. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Executive Order (No. 36) - Imposi ng s pecific taxes on cigars, cigarettes a nd other manufactured products of tobacco .. . ......... . .......... Executive Order (No. 37) -Declaring Monday, May 18, 1942, a special public holiday E xecutive Order (No. 38) - Extending the period for filing applications for renewal of authorization to solemnize marriages . ..... . ... ..... . Executive Order (No. 40 ) -Initiatin a national campaign for the cultivation of idle lands to produce food crops . ...... . ..... . ... . . . . .... E xecutive Order (No. 41) -Changing ehe name Dewey Boulevard to Heiwa Boulevard, Taft Avenue to Daitoa Avenue, Harrison Boulevard to Koa Baulevard, J ones Bridge to Banza i Bridge, H arrison Park to Rizal Park, a nd WaIlace Field a nd Burnham Green to Plaza Bagong Filipinas .. ...... .......... . . . . Greater East Asia War Bulletin (No.3)... .. .......................

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SPEECH hy Major-General Hayashi Dtrector-General of the Japanes e Military Administration at the auspicious occasion of an all-Filipino celehration of the complete occupation of Bataan and Corregidor on May 18, 1942. Excellency. Ladies and Gentlemen. I am exceedingly gratified that m a ny officials and a large number of people have ga thered here today to extend th eir felicitation to the Imperial. Japan ese Forces upon the complete capitulation of the USAFFE forces which have been offerin!! a n utterly futil e resistance at the natural stron gholds at Bataa n and Corregidor, causing tremendous sacrifices to inn ocent Filipinos. and a lso upO,\ the defea t of the remna nt of the USAFFE in Mindanao a nd Vi saya n Island s, which is going to result in the termination of our military operations in th e entire Philippin s. Now on thi s me orable occasio n. I should like to speak to you, the people of thi s country, a bout your Future. The Anglo-Saxon 's encroachments in East A sia ca n b e traced back to a long time past. During this long period , how arrogantly have they behaved in this part of the world ? I need not tell you about it, as you knew it very well throu gh your own experiences. I believe that we Japanese sha ll be a ble to appreciate better than any other nation how you have suffered from the Anglo-S axon 's rule and to have a full sympathy with you. because , as a pioneer of E as t Asi a. w e have long struggled to defy the Anglo-Saxon's rampant domination in the East. and to surmount various difficulti es for the realization of '.'Asia for the A siatics". That is why our Prime Minister, General Tozyo, declared in the Imperial Diet that, "should the Filipinos henceforth comprehend the real intention of the Japanese Empire and cooperate with us as a member of the Greater East Asia Co-prosperity Sphere. Japan would gladly grant them the honor of independence". In other words, if the Filipinos should desire to secure the honor of independence, they should, with a full comprehension of Japan's real intention. willingly subm it themselves to the Japanese Military Administration. and, geWng rid of a ll the

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Ameri can influen ces. revive the origina l features of the Phil ippine s in East A sia . Should the Filipinos indulge onl y in seeking the honor of indepe ndence. neglecting the ir duty to accompl ish th e nobl e mi ss ion a s I have just mentioned . th ey s hou ld never enjoy such an honor: on th e contra ry. th ey s hould b e trea ted a s a bitter enemy to th e establi shm e nt of the Co prosperti y Sph ere. In this connection. it is sa id th a t there a re still som e peopl e in thi s country who seem to enterta in a doubt as to wh ether J a pa n would grant an indepe ndence to th e Philippines. To thi s. I should like to say that it IS a ques tion whi ch ought to b e put to yourselves. F rom w ha tever viewpoints you mi ght study th e pos ition of the Philippines. either fro m raci al. geogra phi ca l or a ny oth er view point. n othin g s ems to have bee n more unna tural th a n her depend ence upon th e U nited Sta tes as in th e pa st. You should rea li ze th a t. in order to save thi s country from such a n abnorm a l I?ositio n b y cas tin g away a ll th e ev il s tha t have existed over hundreds of year . in part icul a r for the last forty yea rs. a nd t es ta bli sh a new glorifyin g Philippines. the present G rea te East A sia W a r is a God -gi ve n opportunity. Th e Un ited 'Sta tes promi sed to ive you your lon g aspired indepe nd ence in 1946. th a t is four yea rs hence. I b eli eve. however. th a t you have b een perplexed w hen you put serious ly yo ur th o u ght to th e ques tion how to m ana ge a fter independence. Why? It i beca use you. having been spoil ed b y Am erica's sw ee t words and fl a tteri es . have fa il ed to see thro u gh th e rea l as pect of th e Am erica n deceiving po li cy a nd to prepa re yo urse lves for ind e pende nce. Th e U nited Sta tes has ostensibly d ecl a red h er help to the Philippines as her sacred duty b ased on hum a nity. However. in practi ce. wha t has th e Un ited Sta tes done for th e sake of th e Fil ipin os? It is true th a t the U nited Sta tes has purchased some of you r products a t hi gh pr ices. but in return. you ha ve bee n forced to acce pt those expen sive Ameri ca n goods of luxury which w ere ha rmful to th e eleva tion of the real strength of th e Filipin o peo pl e. Further. the U nited Sta tes has es ta b li shed sc hoo ls in thi s country. b u t purpo e ly n eg lected to es tab li sh voca ti o na l sc hoo ls w hi ch w ere a bso lute ly necessary for th e culti va ti o n of th e na tion a l stre ngth of th e Philippines. In the s piril~ua l as pect. too. littl e importa nce has b een a ttac hed to the se nse of du ty wh ich requires e nd ura nce a nd sacri~ ce: in stead . the Filipin os have learn ed elf-indul l!e nce a nd phy ica l pleas ure throu gh th e encouragement of indi vidua l rigth s. 路 Thu s.

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the United States' policy towards the Philippines ha s b ee n pai nted in one unique color-that of deceit and mi sguidance. Therefore. in spite of the superficia l elevation of the standard of living among a limited number of Filipinos belonging to an upper class. there has been no materia l progress or development in the na tional s trength of thi s cou ntry during the past two d ecades. I am given to b eli eve that. that was the rea son why some enlightened Filipinos were inclin ed to advocate bitte rly th e postpon ement of inde penden ce upon the a pproach of the gloriou 1946. You ought to have grasped the glaring fact tha t the Un ited States ma de the Philippines a stepping stone for her Oriental ex pans ion . des pite the beautiful pretex t of humanity she ha made rega rding her possession of thi s country. On the contrary. J apa n intend s. as is cla rifi ed by th e declaratio~ of Premier Tozyo . to make the Philippin e. in nam e and in fact. an independent sta te which will eterna lly enjoy peace and prosperity of East A sia as a member of th e Coprosperity Sphere . With thi s in vi ew . you should . as I have 'a lready mentioned. comp!rehend Japan's rea l intention a nd rende r yo ur service in full ha rmo ny with us for the successful conclusion of the presen t sacred W a r for the gloriou s rise of East A sia sponsol'ed b y Japan. I am firmly convin ced that. only along this way wi ll the real strength of th e Filipino people be cultivated and your lon g cheri shed aspiration be material ized . You should not only exert your best endeavor in the lin e of your national economy to improve and develop your agriculture. comm erce. industri es a nd other techn ical ma tters. but a lso to liqUida te the Anglo -S axon 's ma teriali sm and epicuri sm. to reform the mode of living into simplicity and to encourage "love of laboT" amon g yourselves. All of these factors aTe indi pen able for the realizat io n of th e Greater East A sia Co-prosperity Sphere. a nd . at the same tim e. th ey are wha t J a pan expects from yo u in th e execution of the prese nt W a r. The Filipinos have a lrea d y h een u shered b y the Japanese into the unique course for the estab li shm ent of a new Philippines. A hundred millions of Japanese a re now playing a march for the new Philippines. You should stop at nothing in forgin g ahead along th.s course to a rrive a t your final goal under th e Japanese Military Administration . Japan daringly took up arms. staking her national d esti ny. for the purpose of es tablishing the Greater E ast A sia Co prosperity Sphere and for th e purpose of supplanting the old

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world order with a new one. The u ltimate goal of the present Greate r East Asia VI/ar in which we are now engaged lies in the eradi ca tion of the Ang lo-Saxon's imperialistic ideology in political and economic domains. and of their ideas to look down upon a ll the races other tha n white as inferior. pa rticularly to ma ke the East as the ir colony and Eastern peoples as their subordina tes. a nd in es tabli shing the foundation upon whi ch a ll the E as tern peoples may enjoy eternal peace and prosperity through th e ir mutual reli a nce and assistance. This is the very sp irit of the Greater East A sia Co-prosperity Sph ere and simu ltaneous ly th e id ea l a nd aspiration which the Japanese Empire has co ntinuou slp entertained since its foundation . VI/e Japanese have a n iron will to achieve this ideal at a ny sacrifi ce. a nd a firm co nviction th a t t'he a chi eveme nt of thi s ideal is well in our han d. Japan has ke pt her la nd undefiled by a ny fore ign invas ion s in c~ tI,e dawn of her history . Even w he n th e i~perialis ti c activiti es of \ V es tern Powers di sturbed th e tra nqui lity of th e East a bout one hundred years ago. Japan success full y d ~~ (ld ed th e \llory of her history. as a n only excep tion to the Orien ta l peoples. through her united efforts and with her indomitable p irit ul'\der the wi se lead ers hip of the great Emperor IVei ji . 'ow th a t Japa n has b ecome a world power. she has t ken up a rm s as the leader of th e Oriental races for th eir ema n cipa tion from the W estern yoke. H ere aga in . I should say th a t we have an absolute co nfidence in th e success ful termin a ti pn of th e present W a r and in the extermination of t-he Ang lo -America n influen ces in the East. In fact. th e sweep in g victories achi eved by Japan sin ce th e ou tbreak o f th e Grea ter East Asia Vva r. the crushin g de fea ts su ffered by th e Un it ed States an d Brita in . and particularly the comp le te withdrawal of the ir forces from East A ia a re eloq uen t tes timon ies an d assuran ces of the success fu l future of J a pa n . Believing in th e su pe rior hlood of t路he Orienta l peopJesand your blood being the same as ours-J e ntertain no doubt th a t the d ay when you materialize your as piration will not he in a di stan t future if you. rea lizin g the fund a me nta l d efects of Anglo-Saxonism. will sweep a wa y their pa t influences. regain the essential qu a liti es of a n Orienta l people a nd exert yo ur best a nd unit ed e ffort s under our Mi litary dmini s tration to di scha rge th e heavy re pon ibility which th e Philippines ,houlders as a member of th e Grea t r East Asia Co-p rosperit) Sp here.

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ADDRESS hy Jorge B. Vargas Chairman of the Philippin.e Executive Commission, after the parade held on May 18, 1942, in celehration of the cap ture of Bataan and Corregidor. Your Excellencies. Ladies and Gentlemen: In the midst of the ge nera l acclaim evoked by the brilliant military successes being ce lebrated today, principally the conquest of Bataan and the capture of Corregidor, I wish to single out a high note that symbolizes our sentiments on this historical occasion. The significance of this event awakens in ourselves a blend of feeling at once joyous and sober. Filled with admiration for the indomitable courage and the undaunted spi rit of se lf-sacrifi~ of the lml?erial Japanese Force, we consider it a distinct prIvilege to pay tTibute to the Commander-in-Ch ief of the Imperial Japanese Forces an the Commander-in-Chief of the Imperial J apanese Fleet and their valiant officers and men . But more than th e most enthusiastic congratulations. this moment ca lls fOT a strong avo'yal of gratitude For a ll th a t thi s victory means to us. for through thi s victory of Japan the Philippines and the Filipino people have been spared further destruction and suffering. and a new era of peace. progress and prosperity has . b een ushered in . \Ve are grateful For the peace that this victory has brought. because the cessation of 'hostilities a ll over the Philippines has cleared the way for the redoubling of our efforts under the Japanese Iilitary Administration in the reconstruction a nd rehabilitation of the Philippines. ravaged a nd weakened by the scourge of war. We are grateh.1 for this victory because of th e new perspective it has given us. It has made us feel. more than ever before. the fraterna l ties tha t bind us with the peoples of East Asia. particularly the great Japanese people. By carefully checking .on our bearings. w e invariab ly discover~perhaps to our amazement that we scarcely realized it before~that our geographica l position . far from making us a far-flung outpost 路 of the distant West. rather makes us the natura l frontier of the Great East. We have gone a long way in the last forty

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yea rs. Trave llin g in th e direction of the West. following its pl easa nt ca ll . we h ave gone thro u gh a superficia l metamorphos is. 'vVe have b ee n obliged to a lter our mode of life. our convention s. a nd our in titutions. t路o su it th e O cciden ta l pattern . Essentia ll y. however . a nd intTin sica lly. we remain irrevocab ly cas t in th e mold of our ancestors and the spirit of the East tha t we ha ve inherited ca nnot be changed. Immutab le a nd age less. it d efies a ll the forces a nd a ll th e subtl eti es of Western civ iliza ti on. Now we have reac hed a point in our odyssey as a people where we ca n no lon ger look to the W es t. W e must turn ou r faces East. in the directio n in whi ch our forefathers had anx ious ly cas t th eir eyes. thei r faces suffu sed w ith th e li ght of hope. Now. under th e insp iring leaders hip of J a pa n we must return to the course !'tom which we h ad bee n driven by th e storm s of internation a l events. for that is where our h ap pin ess. prosperity and we ll -bei ng safely lie. \lYe are gra teful for this victory b ecause it has vind ica ted a ll Asiatic p ~op l es whose ri ghts a nd ge niu s have been den ied due recog nitioll by O cci d ental civil izatio n. It has proved th e fall acy of the doctrine of W estern superi ority that has been incessant ly preached with suc h di sarmin g sophistry th at it ha left a painf im print on our consciousness. This Great As ia W a r has p oved b eyond every doubt th at superiority is not an attribute of a pa rticu la r co lor in men . tha t it lies neither in co mplex nor in complex ion ; ra th er. th at its real source is the spirit. the fountain-h ead of stren gth a nd fortitude. In the wake of the sweep in g J apanese victories. the prestige of a ll As iat ic races has b ee n vindicated. Everywhere around us we see unmis ta ka bl e signs of a ge neral awa ke ning amo ng our Ma layan ne ighb ors. as we ll as among th e Chinese a nd Indi an peop les. S corned a nd exp loited. drugged into submi ss ion. n o mild or gentle prodding. nor eve nt th at is not violen t a nd exp losive. could have roused them from their sp iritu a l a nd menta l leth a rgy. A dynami c force was needed to break the cha in s th at bound th em . forged by ce nturies of foreign domina ti o n . From J a pan. th e power h ouse of East A sia. descended that d yna mic force. shak ing off th e iron ha nd tha t we i ~ hed heavil y on these peoples and open in g their homelands to a new era of common prosperity. For a ll these. we are grate ful. gra teful as only a' se ns itive a nd a pprecia ti ve peop le ca n b e. But in ou r gra titude. we hould not forget the respons ib iliti es tha t come with th e adven t of a new life. The task th a t co nfronts us is tremendous.

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Fiv months of w a r on our so il have exacted their toll of sufferin g a nd pri va ti on a mo ng o ur peo pl e. Many of our fa rms. once green a nd prod uctive. now lie waste a nd a ba ndoned . Our hom es tra nquil and happy. have bee n broken u p a nd mad e desola te. j\ la ny of our towns a nd citi es. once pros perou s and throbbin g w ith life. have bee n d eserted or w a nt onl y d estroyed by retrea tin g U SAFFE forces. fvla ny of ou r peo ple. secure a nd inde pendent. have b een dri ve n to pri va li o ns a nd w a nt. Fortuna tely. th e victory of the 'Imperi a l J a pa nese F orces has con idera bl y bri ghtened thi s di stress in g pi ct ure. Yet. th e opportunity it offers u s for a new life w ould be w as ted if w e fa iled to ma ke thi s vi ctory las tin g a nd endurin g. To thi s end. w e mu st conquer those tra its a nd tendencies th a t weaken our natio na l haracter. Exce sive love of ease a nd pl easure. shirking of effort a nd duty. the d es ire to co mfort ourse lves with fa lse hopes. unwillin gness to face facts-these a nd other similar shortcomin g not onl y obstruct Ih e difficult work of reco nstruct ion and reha bilita tio n w e a re underta kin g but a l 0 prevent th e growth of a strong and robust peo ple. Q ui ck to adapt ourselves to th e exi ge ncies of every situa ti on in th e pa st. w e re ca ll ed upon a t thi s tim e 10 show not onl y the grea tes t degre of respon siven ess but a lo of initi a tive. The sloga n of the day is rehabilita l'ion . 'v./e mu t recon struct a nd rehabilita te the Philippines under th e J a pa nese Milit a ry Ad mini stra tion with s in cerity a nd fa ithfuln ess . shoulder to shoulder. ha nd in ha nd . spurred by th e will to overcome a ll odds a nd surmount a ll diffi culties. Let no ma n cl a im pa tTioti sm who refuses to lend a ha nd in th e ca use of buildin g up a new a nd greater Philippines. The ma n who participa tes in the reha bilitation of the Ph ilippines today is th e ma n who can proudly say tomorrow tha t he helped in the es tabli shm ent of a new order in Greater E ast Asia. even as ch aos gripped the w orld . In thi s giga nti c enterpri se. w e may look to the mi gh ty J a pa ne e Empire for inspira tion. J a pa nese history is th e movin g story of a peo ple who. out of their stron g respect for tra dition and Ih e pursu it of na tion a l idea ls. have a lways soug ht to understand and a pprecia te rea lities. and to endeavo r a t a ll tim es to concili a te their .tradition a nd idea ls with th e practica l needs a nd exi gencie of pro gre sive life. The ri se of J a pa n to her present position of eminence in th e world is th e a maz in g saga of a peo pl e endowed with great fortitude. d evo tion to

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duty. and individual and national discipline. fortifi ed by an invincible spirit under the most wise and sagacious leadership of His Imperia l Majesty. the Emperor. In the Co-Prosperity Sphere of Greater East Asia w e have been assured a definite place. To be worthy of that place an d enjoy the b ene Fits that it offers should b e our fiml a nd unshakable resolve . Knowing the Filipino people as I do. I am con Fiden t that. taking a lesso n from th e success of the great Japanese nation . and under the direction and guidance of the Japan ese Miritary Admini stratio n. they will overcome these difficulties and rise again as they have ri sen in the past to restore the peace of th ei r homes and build a new and greater Philippines fit to b e a worthy member of th e Greater East A sia Co-Prosperity Sph ere. Your Excellencies : in. th e nam e of the Filipino people. I wi h to reiterate to you. on thi s memorabl e occasion. our warm congr;:ttulations on the a tounding vidory of th e Im pe ri a l Japanese Army and Navy and our profound gratitude for the genero. ity and sympathetic understanding which th e military authori~i es h ave consistently shown in the direction of our a ffairs. P erJ;1l it me to close with the earnest hope that we milY con tinue to work with the assurance of your guidan ce a nd wise co un sel in the solution of the many and difficult problems con frontin g us in thi s most critical period of our hislory.

I th ank you.

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SPEECH

by . Major-General Hayashi Director-General of the Japanese Military Administration at the first meeting of the Provincial Governo rs. Ci t~, Mayors and Treasurers. Gen tl emen of the Convention : I take pleasure to address you a nd to give you some instructions on the occas ion of thi s mos t hi stori ca lly significant first meeting of the Provincia l Governors. Ci ty j\ layors and Treasurers under the present new sit¡uation. Now that the objective of the Greater Ea t Asia CoProsperity Sphere is b eing materia lized step by step . you should. in cogni'!:ance of th e present new situation. be we ll conscious of the responsib ili ty and mi ss ion to be houldered by the Philippines as a member of the Co-Prosperity phere. wi th Japan as he centripetal powen. You shou ld et good examples to the publ ic by eradi cat ing. once and for a ll , the mistaken ideas of dependence upon America and England. and of idolizin g th eir materia listi c liberalism as in the pa t; and , bea ring the difficulties of life in consequence of War. you should courageo us ly stand up for the establi shment of a new glorifying Philippines based on you r consci ousness as Orie nta ls. Availing myself of this opportunity. 1 wish to .-ta te a few of the fundamental administrative poli cies. with the ex â&#x20AC;˘ peelation that you will exe rt your be t endeavor towards their accomplishments.

I.

Th e Maintenance of Peace und Order:

The mo t important duty imposed on you a t present i the ma intena nce of peace a nd order. The administrative poli cies in provinces a nd cities should b e ca rried out on the basis of this viewpoint. Wit-houl peace. there wou ld be no ad min istration . H erein lies th e objecti ve of reforming th e police sys tem. of reorga ni zing the prov in cia l adminis tra ti e orga ns. a nd of strength enin g the powers of governors. In the new pol ice system. specia l em phasis was laid on th e reform of th e form er municipal police system, which was fu ll

xiii


of defects in the perform ance of its original duty. into a national po lice sys tem. and on making the provincial governors and the mayor of Greater Manila as the centra l Figure in the exercise of police powers. However. whether or not the present new set路up i uccess fully carri ed out mainly depends upon the quality of th e police officers. You s hould . th erefo re. exert your utmost efforts to organ ize the new poli ce system composed of men of the hi ghes t ord er and to in cul ca te in th eir minds the strong and ri gorous spirit of police offi cers . At the sa me time. yo u should encourage the public to organize a selfprotecting organ which will keep close co nnecti on with the police in ord er to maintain peace and order completely. In short . the governors. unlike before. have the highest power of superv ision and contro l within the provinces. and therefore. it becomes incumbent upon th em to carry out th ei r duties strictly and impartially ; they should always b e ready to sacri fi ce themselves for the cause of ju tice. and maintain peace and order with their own power as ~uch as possible. without unnece sa ril y relying upon the Imperi a l Japanese Forces. If. the.refore. peace and order fa ils to prevail in a ny part of th e province under your jurisdi ction . you should realize that it is your own respo nsibility.

II.

The Renovation of the Sense of Duty of tI, e Govel71ment Officials: In the present Philippine Administration. it is imperative that the se nse of duty of government officia ls shou ld be renovated as promptly as possible. The erad ica ti on of o ld ev ils. the enforcement of officia l discipline , and the cultivation and e ncou rageme nt of the strong sense of respons ibility. are the fundamental e lements of all the renovations to be made. Both. th e fair and just execu tion of the a dmini tralion and the winning of th e tru st an d con fid ence of the governed are nothing but th e result of th e cultivation and encouragement of the se nse of duty a mong government ofFi ia ls. It is regrettab le that there exist rumors to th e effect tha t. in varying circumstances. some government officials h ave en路 ri ched th emse lves by comm ittin g ab uses in the performance of the ir duti es. have given discriminatory t'rea tm en ts to t路he publi c in acco rdance. w it], the di cta tes of their personal desires a nd se ntiments. or have aspired for hi ghe r honors or positio ns throullh the uniustiFiable u se of political powers or parties. thus defi lin g and degrading the more lo fty and di gn ified duties

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xiv


of government officials and e mployees. If 'th ese unfortunate situa lion s be allowed to conlinue. the authority of government offi cia ls would be e ntirely lost. with the res ult that the scorn a nd di strust of the public might be unavoidable. U nde r the new situa tion. it is our policy not to recogn ize the prese nce of any associa tion s or parties bearing political , significa nce . Therefore. you hould stri ctly refrain from being a ffiliated to . or be relucta nt to give up political parties w hi ch have exi sted hitherto . In view of the urge nt nece sity for rehabilitating the se nse o f duty of government officials. you should m a intain . at all tim es. so lemn a nd tri c t discipline 50 as to avo id committin g possi bl e mi stakes in th e perfo~mance of you r dul'ies. a nd exercise proper supervi sio n a nd cont ro l over your subordi na tes in order to uccess full y renovate the se nse o f duty o f government officials and employees.

III.

The Educational Renouation:

It shall b e th e card i\1al spirit of educati onal re nova l'ion in the Philippines to cultiva te and p omote th e spi rits of indepe ndence. fortitude and manliness. in lieu of the sp irits of d ependence and frivolity that have ex isted in th e past. Th e educa tional renova ~io n is the only way by which th e exist in g evils may be rectified . c ha racters built. and a sohnd society reco nstruc ted. The fundam e nta l educational policy in th e Philippines was discussed a nd adopted . and enforced a head o f o the r admini strative polici es. because it was our earn es t desire to ca rry out the fundam enta l sp iritua l renova tion based upon th e se lfconscio usness of the Filipinos. so as to estab li sh a new system by which you may be ab le to rehabi litate yourse lves through yo ur own efforts. It is m y ea rnes t ho pe tha t you shou ld . attachin g specia l importance to th e ed uca tiona l renovation of th e Phi lippi nes. as well as paying specia l a ttention to th e proper superv ision and guidance of the edu a tion a l admi ni stra tion. exert your best endeavo r in thorou ghl y spread in g th e a fore-mentioned educati ona l principles in order to bring a bo ut the desired results.

The R econs Lruclion of Sound Loc"l Finance: It is beli eved th a t a ll provinces. ci ties and municipalities a re facin g conside rab le financial difficulties. Proper steps should . th erefore. be taken to reduce th e expend itures a nd to

IV .

xv


increase the revenues as far as possibl e. thereby m a king the equilibrium b etwee n the revenues a nd the expenditures. You a re ca ution ed not to de pend too much upon the subsidy a nd s upport from th e Executi ve C ommi ss ion nor upon the assets accumul a ted in th e pas t. for only in thi s w ay m ay you b e abl e to have a. sound fin a nce in the future.

V. TI,e E stablis lt ment of a S ys tem of N ew Industries: low th a t th e existin g industri es in th e Philippin es developed as a res ul t of de pendence upon the Am eri ca n m a rket should p romptly be liquid a ted. there should b e es tabli shed in this co untry a so u nd a nd new industria l system whi ch may be able to carry out her importa nt mi ss ion as a member of th e G reater Eas t A s ia Co-Prosperity Sphere . To d eve lop the resources for the d e fe nce for the purpose of mee tin g w ith the d em a nds in the execution of th e G rea ter East As ia W a r is the grea tes t mi ss ion imposed upon the Phil ippin es. Ori gin a ll y. the Philippines has b ee n un abl e to prod uce food-crops sufficient to meet th e d ema nds of the na ti on . as too much im portan ce has b ee n a ttach ed to th e produd ion of crops for export to the U nited S~a tes. It is superfl uS to po int out tbe imporlan ce of sec urin g food supp li es fo r th e Filipin os in w a r tim e. It is. there fore. im pera tive tha t t e "love of lab or" a nd th e in crease of food production s hou ld be encouraged so as to b e self-supportin g. w ith a view to stab ili zin g the p ubl ic senti me nt in so far as th e q u es tio n of food supplies is con cern ed. It is m y co n victio n tha t. in ord er to era di ca te the d ependence upo n the A m erica n m a rket a nd to . make a n a djustme nt of the excess ag ri cultura l products. it is th e w ises t w ay to di vert the ex ist ing major agricul tura l industri es into the pl a ntin g o r otton crops. It seems th at the ma jori ty of th e Filipino ra rm ers a re ignora n t o f th e po tenti a lities of thi s co untry for co tto n growin g. and th erefore. it will b e up to your future e fforts tha t th e p la n tin g of thi s produ ct will be a pprecia ted a nd en路 cou raged a mon g th e fa rm ers. T he reopenin g of industri es rela ting to the da ily necessar ies of lire. th e co n trol a nd sta bili za tion o f pri ces. a nd th e a dju stm e nt o r distrib u tory or!!ans a re a lso m a tters wh ich requ ire your kee n a tte nti on a nd con sidera tio n .

V I.

The R es to rati on and E stabli shm ent of tlte M ean s of Com munica tio n Cl nd Transpol'lat io n :

It goes w ith ou t say in g th a t th e res tora ti on a nd es tab li sh-

xvi


ment of the means of communications and tTansportations are indispensable for the Army. for the res tora tion of peace a nd order and the development of importa nt resources of the coun try. Therefore. every effort should be directed to meet these req uireme nts.

The reco nst-ruction a nd res tora tion of bridges a nd road a re ma inly don e by the Army while some portions a re now being built or co nstTucted by th e Execu tive Commissio n of th e Philippines. The repair and reco nstruction of principal road should b e compl eted as soon as possible. since th e use fuln ess of these roa ds a nd bridges w ill b e much affected d uri ng th e rainy season .

Your efforts should b di rected to th e supp ly of th e necessa ry la bor a nd . a t the same tim e. neces a ry measures should be taken for the re pairs a nd maintenance of th ese roads and bridges. In view of the shortaa-e of li quid fu el. the idea of " motor-ve l1'c1e-First" shou ld be done away with as fa r as land tran portation is Con~ern d . a nd efforts should be directed to the estab li ~ hm e nt a nd developmen t of such mea ns of trans porta tion as may be used in li ell of he motor vehicles. In short. the mi ssion im posed upon ),O ll at prese nt is indeed urgent and importa nt ; it permits no ma keshifts a nd patchworks. You should promptly do away with eve ry ev il th a t finds its TOot cau e in the A n glo-A merican de pend ence. a nd carry out. with the very best of your endeavors. th e im 路 portant mi ssion which you are shouldering for the es tabli shm en t of the Greater East Asia Co-Prosperity Sphe re. f\'lay 19. 1942 .

xvii


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Section l. Affairs Concerning D epal'tmC11t (if Imeriol' INSTRUCTION (NO. 23) (May 4th, 1942) Mr. Claro M. Recto, Commissioner of Education, Health and Public Welfare.

Concerning the "eopening of the pu blic elementa,路y schools. In accordance with the previous instructions yo u are hereby instructed to take the necessal'y steps towards the r eopening of the classes of the public elementary schoo4; on June 1st, 1942. Di,..ct01路-General of the Japanese Military Administ"ation

INSTRUCTION (NO. 26) (May 10th, 1942) Mr. J orge B. Vargas, Chairman of the EX'acutive Commission of t he Philippines.

Concerning the date of the reopening of public ele7nenta,-y schools. Concerning your request of postponement of the date of school opening dated May 7th, 1942, you are her eby instructed a s follow s : 1. The date of the reopening of public elementary school s is fixed on June 1st, 1942, accordingly, you should hasten all the necessa ry preparation . 2. Those schools which cannot be reopened by reason of Military occupation or any other cau ses shall be reopened at the earli est convenience. 3. Concerning t h'e reopening of the classes, you should see the present condition of the New Philippines, should cut the number of classes and personnel a nd r educe all expenditures without adhering to old customs.

Di"ecto"-General of the Japanese Milita,'Y Administration

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INSTRU CTION (NO . 35) (May 8 t , 1942.) Mr . Claro M. IVecto Commissioner of Education, Healt h a nd Public Welfa r e.

l nsfln,et:ion oOf/centing "eollening 01 the p"ivate elementa J'Y schools in the Ph ilippines an d the textbooks to be "sed in these schools. I n case t he private elemllntary schools in the Philippines want t o reopen , the permission sha ll be g iven to them a fter you ha ve instructed them to use . noth ing but t he ooxtbooks which wer e desig na ted by Instruction No. 18 dated Allril 28, 1942, to be used in the public elementary schools in tile Philippines. A full report sha ll be submitted to me every time ' you ha V\l g iven the pel'mi ssion.

Di,路eeto,路路Gene,.al 01 th e J apanese Milita,路y Ad,ninistrat';on

)

[2]


Section 2. Affairs

Concerni1~g

B,t1'Ca1t of Political Affttirs

NOTIFICATION

(May 24, 1942.)

COllceming execu t.i on of A nti-Japamese Chinese tea.den T\venty of a bout 50 Chin'. se leaders were rece ntl y executed in accordance with the sentence of a milita,路y court martia l, which found them guilty of anti-J apanism. The 60 Chinese leaders, who included Uy Nim-ta, had been alTe ted and placed under investigation by the Imperial J apanese Forces. The 20 who were the ring leaders were executed immediately after the sentence of death was l1assed hy t he military court. As to the rest of t he ChineS'<!, however , the death penalty was commuted to longterm imprisonment by the special grace of t he Commanden-in-Chi ef of the Imperi al Javanese Forces as their repentance was jud!:"d honest and si ncere. CQMMANDER-IN-CHIEF

all' THE IMPERIAL JAPANESE FORCES.

13J'


Section 3. Affairs Concerning Bureau of Publicity INSTRUCTION (NO. 16) (April 18, 1942. ) Claro M. Recto Commisisoner, Department of Education, Health and Public Welfare RE:

INSTRUCTION CONCERNING THE INSPECTION OF BOOKS AND OTHER PUBLICATIONS;

You are hereby instructed to take necessary steps in ordel' that a survey of all books and other publications which are kept in libraries of schools, colleges and universities, except those kept in the libraries which are now occupied or sealed by the Imperial Japanese Forces, shall ba conducted in accordance with the principle hereinbelow mentioned, and that those which are found to be' improper after th e survey shall be sent over to the Office of the Japanese Military Administration. All books and other 'publications alreaily published whose content comes within th'a purview of he fol\owing, shall be confiscated after due inspection. 1. Those' that are written for anti-Japanese propaganda purposes; 2. Those that propagate democracy and aim at alienating Axis powers from one another; 3. Those that repudiate war; 4. Those that are in contradiction with the fundamental principl es of the Philippine educational l'enovation; 5. Those that are improper in the enforcement of military administration. DIRECTOR-GENERAL OF THE JAPANESE MILITARY ADMINISTRATION.

[4]


Section 4. Affairs Concerning D epartment of Comm1mications PROCLAMATION

(May 1, 1942.) PROCLAMATION BY THE DIRECTOR·GENERAL OF THE JAPANESE MILITARY ADMINISTRATION CONCERNI NG THE PROTECTION OF' THE MEANS OF' TELEGRAPH I C AND TELEPHONE COMMUNICATION

As already made clear by a proclamation issued by the Comma nder-in· Chief of the Imperial Japanese Forces, anybody who obstructs or damages the means of the telegraphic or telephone communication, as well as anybody committing an act resulting in the obstruction of these means of communication, shall be severely punished according to Martial Law. Therefore, any p r son should not only refrain from committi ng such an act but should also ooperate with the authorities by reporting to the Mili · tary Police ()r to the ne I<CSt Japanese sentry anybody discovered obstructing such means of communication or anybody who intends to commit such an act. DIRECTOR·GENERAL OF THE JAPANESE MILITARY ADMINISTRATION.

ADMINISTRATIVE ORDINA ·CE (NO.3} (May 4, 1942.) CONCERNING RELEA.SE OF' TEMPORARY SAVING OF ELECTRIC POWER

Administrative Ordinance No.2 dated April 26th, 1942, concerning tern· porary savi ng of electric power is hereby abrogated as of this dabe, May 4th, 1942. DIRECTOR·GENERAL OF THE JAPANESE MILITARY ADMINISTRATION.

[5]


ANNOUNCEMENT (May 4, 1942.)

CONCERNI NG RELEASE OF TEMPORARY SAVING OF ELECTRIC POWER The lifting of t he r estri ctions in t he u se of electricity was ordered in view of the completion of the" repairs of the turbo-generator of the Meralco p ower plant which was found in bad working condition due to long use. Although repair on t his generator wa s at first estimated to take at least two weeks to complete, t he work was fini shed yeserday far a head of schedule in view of the efforts exerted by the Mer a lco personnel and t he coop>eration of ele"ctric consumer s in Greater Manila. Despite the lifting of the restrictions in t he u se of electric current, however, authorities urged the public to economize electricity as much a s possible inasmuch as additional power is needed to increase production of sta ploa commodities a nd for other ~ndustrial activites. El e"ctt;c consumel路 were enjoined to control t he use of electricity especially in th e following cases: 1 & 2-Decor tion a nd advertisin g lights u sed at hotels, shops and other establishments as well as at homes in general. . 3-Air-eondition d accommod ations u sed at various establishments, offices, homes, hotel s, restaurants, ",tc., excepting s,.uch places as theatres where t he publi c is agglomerateu . I 4--El ectr ic lights Ised in rooms, parlors, etc., by means of r educing candle-power of bulbs. 5-Elevators. These should be r astd eted to t he minimum number when there a r e more than one elevator in the same buildings, or by prohibiting passengers between floors under the fourth floor. OFFI CE OF THE JAPANESE MILITARY ADMINISTRATION.

ANNOUNCEMENT (May 4, 1942.)

CONCERNIN G THE OPERATION AND PAYMENT OF REGISTRATION FEES OF THE PERMITTED MOTOR CARS In accordance w ith previous announcements, motorists who h ave obtained pennits or seek permits to operate motors cars, are l'eminded to pay their registration fee s and obta in license plates from the Bureau of Transportation of t he Depal-tment of Communications on the third floor of the post office building. OFFICE OF THE JAPANESE MILITARY ADMINISTRATION .

[6] .


MILITARY ORDINANCE (NO.6) (Ma y 12, 1942.)

CONCERNING REPEA L OF MI L I TARY ORDINANCE NO. 11 The Military OrdInance No. 11, dated March 8, 1942, concerning prohibition of the 'ope'ration of all watercraft in Manila Bay is hereby repealed, and ' the Proclamation No. 1 of t he Imperial J apanese Navy, dated May 10, 1942, shall be applicable hencefortb to the passage and navigation of all \vatercraft in Manila Bay. COMMANDER-TN-CHIEF OF THE TMPERIAL JAPANESE FORCES.

)

[7]


Section 5. Affairs Concerning Department of Finance PROCLAMATION (May 7, 1942.)

PROCLA illlATION BY THE COMMANDER-IN-CHIEF OF THE IMPERIAL JAPANESE FORCES CONCERNING PROHIBITION OF CIRCULATION OF PHILIPPINE NATIONAL BANK EMERGENCY NOTES. Since January, 1942, the Phil-American Army ordered the different branches or agencies of the Philippine Na tional Bank in the Visayan Provinces to issue Philippine Natonal Bank Emergency Circulation Notes for the purpose of usi ng them in the purchase of military supplies and of creating economic confusion and di sturbance. For this reason, the circulation of said emergency notes 's declared illegal and their acceptance, absolutely prohibited. Inas much as '{ ese emergency notes were issued for the use of the enemy a nd considering the ~ature therof and the purpose for which they were issued, it is hereby proclaimed that these notes are enemy military notes and consequently, they are d'e ared as ha ving no monetary value whatsoever. COMMANDER-IN-CHIEF OF THE IMPERIAL JAPANESE FORCES.

MILITARY ORDINANCE (NO.5) (May 5, 1942.)

CONCERN ING PROHIBITION OF CIRCULATION OF PHILIPPINE NATIONAL BANK EMERGENCY NOTES Within the te rri to ri es occupied by the Imperial Japanese Forces, the circulation of the' Philippine National Bank Emergency Notes issued by the various branches and agencies of the Philippine National Bank in the Visayan provinces is hereby absolutely prohibited. Any per son circulating, or accepting the said emergency notes for any purpose whatsoever will be severely punis hed in accordance with the Military Law. COMMANDER-IN-CHIEF OF THE IMPERIAL JAPANESE FORCES.

[8]


NOTIFICATION (May 26, 1942.) CONCERN I NG EXTENSION OF BANKING H OURS OF T WO JAPANESE AND FOUR FILIPI NO BANKS

As the result of timely reopening of two J apa n es~ and four Filipino ba nks f ina ncial and commercial activities in t his City has been remar-kably returned to normalcy and steadi ness. Since the fall of Bataan a nd Corregidor, the bu si ness circles are now firml y believing its fact. In vi ew of these circumstances the s ix banks joinly a nnou nced t o-day that t he banking hours which are now from 9 a. lll. to noon, will be extended as follows beginning June 1; Monday to Friday . ... ......... . . . Saturday . .. .... .. ... . ... . ........ .

9 a. m . to 2.30 p.m . 9 a. m. to noon.

OFFICE OF THE JAPANESE MILITARY ADMINISTRATION.

)

[9]


Section 6. Affairs Conceming D epartment of Ind1tStries ANNOUNCEMENT (Maf 10, 1942.)

CONCERNING REVISION OF THE RETAIL PRICES OF ClG"ARETTES By order of the Japanese Military Adrmnistration the retaiJ prices for Cigarettes have been revi sed effective May 10th, 1942, and are as follows : Retai l

Packing Manufacture r Brand ALHAMBRA . . ... . .. . . . ... .. . . Cagayanes . .. . . . .. .. . 30 ALHAMBRA .. .. . . . .. . .. .. . . . Filipina s Blanco ... .. . 30 ALHAMBRA . . .. . • .. . .. . .... . . Mahaba Blanco ..... . . 30 ALHAMBRA . . . . . ... .. . . ... .. Mahaba Regaliz . .. . . . 30 ALHAMBRA . . ..... . ... . ...... Pals .. . ...... . ..... . . 10 B. B. B. Y LA IDEAL . .. . . .. ... Abutin ....... . ... . . . . 30 30 B. B. B. Y LA IDEAL ... . . . .... B. B . B ............ . . . B. B. B. Y LA IDEAL .......... Labang . ... . . .... . ... . 30 30 B. B. B. Y LA IDEAL . ......... P ectoral B. B. B . . . . . . . LA CIUDAD DE NANKIN .. . . . El Amor ...... . . . . . . . 30 LA CIUDAD DE NANKIN .. ... La Aurol·a .......... . 30 30 LA ESTRELLA DE FILIPINASLa Estrella . . ... .. ... . La Suavedad . . ... .. . . 30 30 LA GRANDEZA .. .... .. •.. . . .. La Bicolana Cortos . .. . 30 LA GRANDEZA ... . .. .. ...... . La Grandeza Cortos . . . 30 LA GRANDEZA ... .. . .. , . .... . La Grandeza Largos .. . 30 LA GRANDEZA ... . ... ... .. . . . La Simpatica ...... . . LA GRANDEZA ... . ........ ... La Simpatica Largos .. 30 30 LA INSULAR ........... . . .. . . Farmer . . . . .... . .. .. . 30 LA INSULAR . . . ....... .. . .... Hebra ... . . . . . . . . . .. . 30 KATUBUSAN .. . .. . ... . .. . .. . . Katipunan .. .. ....... . 30 KATUBUSAN . ... . . . . . . ... . .. . Ninfa Filipina . .. . • ... 30 KATUBUSAN .. ..... . ... . .. . .. Uliran . ........ . . . .. . LA NOBLEZA ... . . .... . ... ... La Liwayway . . ..... . 30 30 LA NOBLEZA ... ......... ... . La Nobleza . . . ... .•. .. 30 LA PAZ Y BUEN VIAJE . ... .. Corona Regaliz .. . ... . LA PAZ Y BUEN VIAJE . . . ... La Dicha . ... ...... . . 30 LA PAZ Y BUEN VIAJE ... . Rozalina ..... . . ... . . . 30

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lullinu P"C' pf!r pa ckag e

PO.17 0.18 0.17 0.18 0.Q7 0.13 0.14 0.15 0.15 0.14 0.13 0.12 0.15 0.14 Q.13 0.15 0.14 0.15 0.16 0.18 0.12 0.15 0.12 0.15 0.14 6.1 6 0.15 0.12


PHILIPPINE-AMERICAN .. ... Capitol ............. . PHILIPPINE-AMERICAN . . . . . Indian Head La rgos . . . PHILIPPINE-AMERICAN ..... King .... . .. . . .. .... . PHILIPPINE-AMERI CAN ..... Sport . . .. ..... .. .... . TABACALERA . .. . . . . ........ : Ta baca ler a Gra ndes . . . TABACALERA ...... . . ...... . . Pagkaka isa ...... . ... . TABACALERA ......... .. ..... Rositas .. ....... . ... . LA YEBANA ...... .. . . .. ... .. Ara do de Oro .. . .. .. . LA YEBANA . . . .. . .. ... . . .. .. Bowling ... . .. . ..... • . LA YEBAN A ..... .•. . . . .... .. Chor r itos .... . ...... . LA YEBAN A . . . . ..• . . .... .... Cortos E xt ras LA YEBANA .... . . . ... .. . . ... Taliba ........... . .. . .

20 20 20 20 30 30 30 30 20 30 30 30

0.20 0.20 0.20 0.20 0.18 0.15 0.17 0.13 0.25 0.15 0.15 0.15

The r evision of the prices has been based mainl y upon t he increase of t he internal r evenue tax but al so some a diu stments ha ve been made by considering both cost and quality. The smoking public is earnestly r equesbed to cooper ate wi th t he Mili ta ry Administra tion by not paying pri ces which a re in excess of t hose indicated a bove. OFFI CE OF THE J APA N ESE MILITARY AD MI NISTRATIO N .

)

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Section 7. Affairs Concerning the Judiciary INSTRUCTION (NO. 28) (May 13, 1942) Mr. Jose P. Laurel, Comm issioner of Justice and Mr. Jose Yulo, Chief Justice of the Supreme Court.

Instn<ctions concerning the dispoBal of Civil Cases in which enemy subjects or hostile aliens aTe pa,路ties. With re路g ard to civil cases in which Americans, British, or any other enemy subjects 01 hostile aliens are parties, and which welie pending in Philippine judicial courts at tne outbreak of t he war or such like cases as may be' brought to said cC\urts hereafter, the procedure shall be as follows: The trial and dertermination of all pending cases shall be suspended and no new cases shall be ccepted for flJ ing, except when approved by the路 Director-General of the Japanese Military Administration upon application by a party or parties. DIRECTOR-GENERAL OF THE JAPANESE MILITARY ADMINISTRATION

NOTIFICATION OF THE MILITARY ADMINISTRATION NO.2 (May 16, 1942)

NOTIPICATION CONCERNI NG CIV IL CASES IN WHICH ENEMY SUBJECTS OR HOSTILE ALIENS ARE PARTIES With regard to civil cases in which Americans, British, or any other enemy subjects or hostil e aliens are parties and which were pending in Philippine judicial courts at the outbreak of the war or such like cases as may be brought to said courts herea fter, the Imperial Japanese Forces will approve upon appl ication the continuance of p,路oceedings or the filing of said cases with a view to protecting the rights of the parties concerned and to prevent in_ justice which might be caused by the supension of proceedings or the nonfiling of sai d cases, whenever the military authorities deem it necessary and proper to do so after careful investigation of the nature of each case. Therefore, those who desi re to have their cases proceed to termination or who wish

[12]


to file new cases shall apply by letter to the Director-General of the Japanese Military Administration, by themselves or through attorneys representing them, clearly sta ting the following: (1) Name of the court where the case is pending or where it will be filed with. (2) Case number (if possible). (3) Full name, address, telephone number and n a tionality of the plaintiff, the defendant and the attorney representing them respectively, and the occupation of the plaintiff and the defendant. (4) Pecuniary value ' of the SUbject-matter of the litigation. (5) Nature of the case. (6) Summary of the facts of the case (to be short and clear). (7) Special r eason why the continuance of proceedings or the filing of the case is necessary. DIRECTOR-GENERAL OF THE JAPA N E SE MILITARY ADMINISTRATION

INSTRUCTION NO. 34 (May 28, 1942 Mr. Jose P . Laurel, Commissioner of Justice and Mr. Jose Yulo, Chief Justice of the Supreme Court.

INSTRUCTIONS CONCERNING TH E INTERPRETATION OF ENEMY SUBJECTS OR HOSTILE ALIENS The terms "any other e nemy subjects or hostile aliens" described in the Ins truction No. 28 issued by the Dil'ector-General of the Japanese Military Admini stra tion on May 13, 1942, shall be understood not to include, as a genel'al rule, the Chinese who are not being interned by the Japanese Forces. Accordingly, the pending cases or new cases in which said Chinese are or will be parties shall pl'oceed to termination Or be accepted for filing without the approval described in sai d Instruction. It is, however, eviden t that said cases shall be suspended if sajd Chinese will be in ter ned. DIRE CTOR-GENERAL OF THE JAPANESE MILITARY ADMINISTRATION.

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Section 8. Affairs Concerning Headquarrers of Military Police of the I mpel'ial J apanese Forces ANNOUNCEMENT (May 5, 1942)

Co.NCE RNING PUNISHMENT o.F FILIPINO. GRo.UP ACTING j\lIALICIOUSLY AGA INST THE MILITARY PRo.CLAMATION. After the complete occupa t ion of the City of Greater Manila, the people of the Philippines have demonstrated hheir willingness to cooperate with the Impe~路ial Japanese Forces, taking active participation to construct a new Philippine regime and undertaking variou s important obligations. Yet, we find there are still existing elements who al路e devoting themselves to all regime without acknowledging that whioh stands for Japan's Great Asia Co-Prosperity Sphere. The military administration has paid the utmos t effort through various organizations, to pu sh rough the new p. I r egime liy Filipino leaders. After the fall of Bataan, we have noticed that anti-Japanese activity has gradually dimini s hed but we find that there is still a group of under-world characters who cut down many communication lines or steal wires and dispose of them maliciously. The military authorities have imposed on them heavy punishment for the reason that such activity causes considerable damage to the J a panese Army, and such peopl e do not understand our sincere attitude of benevol ence. From the middle part of April, the communication line of the Japanese Army in the vicinity of Culi-Culi railroad station on the southern line, has often been cut down, so a Japanese gendarme platoon has closely watched the spot and, at last, they were able to arrest a group of people who went to the vicinity to cut the line. Some of them even climbed t he electric post. The group was thilteen in number. After conducting a car eful investigation at the military court they were found to have frequented the place from five to fifteen times. They have confessed to h ave cut communication lines, and asid e from this, stole and sold them and maliciously squandered the money they got from it. So, on May 3rd, they were sentenced to death according to the J apanese Military Law. Such a malicious act as committed by this group of hoodlums, causing considerable damage to the Military Administration, is the proof that there is still a .group of Filipinos who do not understand the real intention of the

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Japanese Army, and such people should comprehend the real situation under the new regime. The Filipino people should respect the military proclamation published on May 1st and, accordingly, bad elements should be eliminated. Those convicted are as follows: 1. Rufino Rofil, 27 yrs. 119 Topacio, Santa Ana, Manila. 2. Federico Santos 18 yrs., 129 Topacio, Santa Ana, Manila. 3. Ramon PatI~a, 17 Yl"S., 119 Topacio, Santa Ana, Manila. 4. Juan Reyes, 29 yrs., Usan Tagig, Rizal. 5. Roque Papa, 30 Yl"S., Usan, Tagig, Rizal. 6. Juan Gonzales, 29 Yl"S., U san, Tagig, Rizal. 7. Cipriano Flores, 35 ~rs., Usan, Tagig, Rizal. 8. Sixto de la Cruz, 22 yrs., Welfare Hill, Mandaluyong, Rizal. 9. Florentino Dizon, 30 Yl"S., 1147 San Andres, Manila. 10. Jose Castro, 29 yrs., 1028 San Andl"es, Paco, Manila. 11. Silvestre Tabos, 22 Yl"S., 1189 Florencio, Sampaloc, Manila. 12. Alberto Demano, 21 yrs., 216 Narciso, Pandacan, Manila. 13. Antonio Bautista, 35 Yl"S., Minite, Paco, Manila. MILITARY POLICE OF THE IMPERIAL JAPANESE FORCES.

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Section 9. Affairs Concerning Headq1ta1路ters of the Commander for the Defense of Greater Manila NOTIFICATION (May 3, 1942.)

CONCE RNING LIBERATION OF ENFORCEMENT OF THE BLACKOUT REGULATIONS Following the complete annihilation of the enemy air forces based in the Philippines due to the succesSful operations of the Japanese Forces in Mindanao, th e blackottt regulations which have hitherto been enforced in Manila will be lifted this 3rd day of May, 1942. COMMAJ::IDER FOR THE DEFENSE OF GREATER MANILA.

NOTIFICATION (May 14, 1942.)

CONCERN ING SHORTEN ING OF THE CURFEW T IME IN THE CI TY OF GREATER MANILA AND ITS NE IGHBORING TOWNS The public shall be allowed to walk outside until midnight in the City of Greater Manila and its neighboring towns effective May 18, 1942, the date is th a official celebration by the Filipino people of the fall of Bataan and Corregidor. COMMANDER FOR THE DEFE. SE OF GREATER MANILA .

NOT IFICATION (May 19, 1942.) NOTIFICATJON CONCERNING TARGET PRACTI CE 1. Du e attention must be given by the public as target practice of light machine gun with ball cartridges is to be held at the shooting range of McKi nl ey F ortress from 9 a. m. to 12 rftlon on May 25.

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2. Due attention must be given by the public as target practice of machine gun of aeroplane with ban cartridge is to be held at the range of Zablan Field for 4 days beginning on May 20th to May 23rd. 3. Due attention must be given by the public as target practice of rifle and heavy machine gun with blank cartridges is to be held at the range on the west side of the Hospital at McKinley Fortress from 9 :00 a. m. to 12 noon on May 26.

COMMANDER FOR THE DEFENSE OF GREATER MANILA.

NOTIFICATION (May 29, 1942.)

CONCERNING DAILY: OPERATION OF SIREN ANNOUNCING CORRECT NOON TIME Correct noon time in Manila will be announced daily beginning June 1 by a siren. opera d by Japanese troops in the Univers ity of the Philippines and by a marine histle operated by the Manila Police Department in the Meralco plant. The U. p. siren '1\ begin at 11:59 A. M. and will blow for one minute, at the end of which i will be exactly 12 0 clock noon in Manila. The marine whistl in the Meralco plant will go off at 11:59 :30 A. M., or 30 seconds later than the U. P . siren. The whistle will sound for 30 seconds, at end of which it will be 12 noon. Tdals will be held with the siren at U. P. to-morrow, between 12 noon and 2 p. m.

HEADQUARTERS FOR THE DEFENSE OF GREATER MANILA.

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Section 10. Executive Orders b)' the Chairman of tbe Philippine Execlttive COl'l'tmission OFFICE OF THE CHAIRMAN OF THE EXE CU TIVE COMMISSION MALACA1\1AN PALACE BY THE CHAIRMA'N OF THE EXECUTIVE COMMISSION

EXECUIl'IVE ORDER (NO. 19) REGISTRATION AND OPERATION OF MOTOR VEHICLES Pursuant to the authority conferred upon me as Head of the Central Administrative Organization b Order No. 1 of the Commander-in-Chief of the Imperia l Japal,lese Forces in the Philippines, and upon the recommendation of the Executive Com mi ss~on, the foUowing rules and l'egulations governi ng the registration and operation of motor veh icles are h ereby promulgated for the information and guidance of all concel'ned: I. Effective on tl e date of the issuance of this Order, and until April 25, 1942, as prescribed ill Executive Order No. 17 dated March 16, 1942, owners of motor vehicles who are provided \vith the necessary permits to operate them as r equired by the rules and regulations of the Military Administration in Manila should r egister the same with the Bureau of Transportation and pay the' fees therefor. II. Except a s oth erwise specifically provided herein, the following annual r egistration fees of motor vehicles shall be collected:

(A) P"ivate automobiles (1) Five-passenger capacity or less, per annum, payable by semester . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. (I-a) For five-passenger cars of physicians, per annum, paya ble by se'mester .. . ... . ..... . .... . ............ . .. (2) Six to eight-passenger capacity, per annum, payable by semester ...... . ................... . ........... (3) When the passenger capacity exceeds eight, the vehicle will be classified as bus or truck and charged accordingly.

F ees 1'120.00 60.00 240.00

(B) A1.tocale8<LS and garage cars

(1) One to f ive-passenger capacity, per ann um, payable by semester ....................... . .............. (2) Six to eight-passenger capacity, per ann um, pa.yable by semester ................ . .....................

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P120.00 240.00


(3) When the passenger capacity exceeds eight, the vehicle will be classified as bus Or tt'uck and charged accordingly. (C) Moto,路 t"ucks with 01' without t"ailers (1) Private trucks (T) . . ........ . . .... . ... .. ....... . P 0.04 per kilogram, per annum, based upon the gl'OSS weight of t he truck or trailer, payable by semester. (2) Trucks for hire (TG) .. . ....... . ............ . .... Twi ce tha t of " T ", payable quarterly. (3) P assenger busses f or hi re (TPU) .......... . ...... Twice that of "T", payable qua rterly. (4) Undertaker or funeral car (U) ................... Twice that of " T", payable quarterly. (5) Motor vehicles under special classification- Same as that of " T " plu s P25.00 ;for less than 26 passengers and P100.00 for 26 or mQre pa ssengers capacity. (D) Moto"cycles and 1noto,' scooters (1) Three passengers or less, per annum ..... . . .. .. P 36.00 (2) Motorcycles or motor scobters for more than three passengers will be con idered as automobiles a nd charged accordingly. III. The following fees shall be charged for identification plates: (A) F or each number plate for identification of any vehicle.. P 1.00 (B) F or one "Agent" plate for use of !,utomobile dealers... . 10.00 IV. P ayment of l' gistration fees must be made: On Or before April 25th for the first and second quarter or first semester of the year 1942. On or before June 15th for the third quarter or second semester . On or before September 15th for the fourth quarter. V. The following fees shall be charged for temporal'y permits: (A) For temporary use of automobiles ....... .. .. ...... . P1.00 per day, plus' cost of plates. (B) For temporary u se of trucks .. . . . .... .... . ..... ..... . 2.00 pel' da y, plus cost of plates. VI. The following vehicles shall be exempt from the payment of regisu'a tion fees: (A) All motor vebicles owned or operated by t he Imperial Japanese Forces and t he Philippine E xecu tive Commission, Or any of their branches, agencies, instrumentalities, 01' subdivisions. (B) All motor vehicl es in storage or not in use. Done in the City of Greater Manil a, Philippines, this 19th day of March, 1942. (SGD .) JORGE B. VARGAS Chai1"?1tan of the E xecutive C01mn1ssion APPROVED by t he Director General of the Military Admi nistration on April 15, 1942.

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EXECUTIVE ORDER (NO. 29)

RULES AND REGULATIONS GOVERNING THE ORGANIZATION, POWERS, F UNCTIONS AND DUTIES OF THE CONSTABULARY. Pursuant to the authority conferred upon me by Order No. 1 of the Commander-in-Chief of t he Imperial Japanese Forces in t he Philippines in connection with Executive Orders Nos. 1 and 4 of the Chairman of the Executive Commission, and upon the recommendation of the Commissioner of the Interior, the followin g rul es and regulations goverrung tbe organization, powers, f unctions, and duties of the Bureau of Constabul ary are hereby promulgated: ARTICLE I 1. For the enforcement of law and preservation of peace and order in the Philippines, there shall be established and maintained as herei n provided an organized and disciplined body to be known as the Constabulary. 2. The forces of the Constabulary and police including the police of the City of Greater Manila, shall be incorporated into a single organization, which shall form the Bureau of Constabular y under t he administrative supervision of tHe Commissioner of the I nterior. 3. The Bureau of Constabulary shall have one Director, who shall be vested with all the owers conferred generally on Bureau Chiefs, and two Assistant Directors, to be known as First and Second A ssistant Director, respectively. 4. In t he absence, uspension or other temporary disabili ty of the Director of the Bureau of Cons abulary, t he First Assistant Director shall serve as Acti ng Director. The Assistant Directors shall perform such duties as may be assigned to them by the Dil'ector or other superior authorities. 5. T he Director and Assistant Di rectors of the Bureau of Constabulary and all officers a bove th e gl'ade of Fourth Class Inspector shall be appointed and removed for cause by the Chairman of the Executive Commission upon the recommendation of the Commissioner of the Interior. All other officers shall be appointed by the Commissioner of the Interior upon the recommendation of the Director of the Constabul ary, provided, however, that in the case of officers for service in th e City of Greater Manila, their ap pointments or promotions shall be made by the Commissioner of the Interior upon the recommendation of the Mayor of the city through the Director of the Constabulary. The removal a nd discipline of all officel's a nd men, including t hose in the service of the City of Greater Manila shall be governed by the provisions of Article VI hel路eof. 6. The Constabulary shall be under the direct control a nd command of the Director who is charged with its effici ent administration, interior economy and t he training a nd di scipline of t he members thereof . To thi s end the Director will see to it that officers and other member s of the Constabula ry are carefully selected a nd properly instructed; that they are efficientl y organized, disciplined, a nd adequately provided with arms, munitions, uniforms, a nd equipment ; a nd that they ani in all r espects maintained as an effective instrument in the performance of their duties.

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7. Members of the Constabulary are peace officers and as such, are authorized and empowered to prevent and suppress brigandage, unl awful assemblies, riots and other breaches of the peace and violations of the law and m'unicipa l or city ordinances. They are empowered and r equired to e,'<ecute any lawful warra nt issued against any person or persons for a ny violations of law or ordinance, and to make arrests upon reasonable suspicion \vithout warrant for breaches of the peace or other viol ations of l aw or ordinance. For the proper police protection of the municipalities a nd cities within his jurisdiction, the Senior Inspector of Constabulary, subject to the a pprova l of the Director, shall detail in each municipality, city, or municipal district adequate personnel under his command. P ersons arrested by t he Constabulary s hall, in all cases, be brought as soon as possible to the proper authority or tribunal having jurisdiction of the case. 8. The Director of the Constabulary shall, subje路ct to t he approval of t he D epa r t ment H ead, prepa1路e and promulgate general rules and regulations for the government, discipline, and inspection of all units composing it. 9. The Provi ncial Governor, through the Senior Inspector, shall exercise general supel路vision and control over t he Constabul ary in his province. It shall be t he duty of the Provincial Governor, when an officer 01路 any member of the Oonstahulary is, in his judgment guilty of any official oppression, extortion, or other dereliction of duty, to report the matter in detail, through the Elirector of the Constabulary, to the Commissioner of the Interior . 10. The uni ts of he Constahulary in the service of the City of Greater Manila, shall perform heir duties and functions under t he a uthority of the Mayor thereof who shall have concurrent administrative supervision over sa id units. ARTICLE

II

11. There shall be four divisions in the Bureau of Constabulary, namely, (a) E xecuti ve, (b) Supply, (c) Ins pector, and (d) Information. 12.-(a) The H ead of the Executive Division shall be designated Executive Officer. H e shall be t he custodian of the r ecords of the Bureau of Constabulary and he shall be r esponsibl e for t he procurement of the personnel th er eof. H e shall see to it that a ll orders, rules, and regulations issued by the Director are properly executed a nd duly complied with. (b) The Executive Officer signs all correspondence a nd orders issued by authority of the Director a nd performs such other duties as may be required of him. 13. The' Head of the Supply Divi sion shall be charged with t he duty of procuring supplies, equipment, armament, a rticles of clothing, and such other materials as may be needed f or the proper administration and f unctioning of the Bureau of Constabulary. He shall pre'pa re the budget for the Bureau and shall be the custodian of all government property and funds pertaining to the organization and shall saf eguard the correct a nd legal disbursements thereof. 14.-(a) The Inspector Divi sion shall consist of a Chief Ins pector and such number of Inspectors as may be detail ed by the Director.

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(b) The Chief Inspector s hall be responsible to the Director for the discipline and training of the Constabulary. He is also charged with the duty of exercising close supervision over all matters pe'rtaining to the efficiency of the Constabulary companies or units; and shall recommend such measures to the Director of Constabulary as will secure maximum efficiency from all units or members thereof. (c) Under the direction of the Director of the Constabulary, he shall have a ll charges agai nst any member promptly investigated, forwarding the report of such investigation, together with his recommendation to the Director of the Constabulary, who s hall decide the case. The' decision of the Director of the Constabular;y may be appealed to the Commissioner of the Interior whose decision shall, except as to officers appointed by the Chairman of the Executive Commission, be final. 16. The Head of the Information Division shall be charged ,vith the duty of gathering information bearing on law and order and of keeping the records of all criminal cases and of all criminals including paroled, pardoned, and ex-convicts. H e s hall gather evidence pertinent to all crimes committed and furnish the same to the prosecuting agency of the Government. 16. 'l'he necessary personnel of each Division shall be fixed by the Director of the Constabulary with the app rova l of the Commissioner of the Interior. ARTIOI"E

lIt

17. In each province there shall be a Senior Inspector; in the City of Greater Manila it shall be the Metropolitan Constabulary Commander, who shall be responsible for the training, discipl ine and efficiency of the Constabulary units and men under his command. H e shaJJ be assisted by such officers as may be assigned to hi s province by the Director of the Constabulary. 18. The forces of the Constabulary sha ll be organized into companies or smaller units. The strength of each company as well as the strength to be assigned to each province and the City of Greater Manila shall be determined from time to time by the Director with the approval of the Commissioner of the Interior. Companies will be numbered serially upon organization as the 1st Company, the 2nd Company, etc. 19. All non-commissioned personnel shall be quartered together and furnished subsistence, and sh all be regularly stationed in provincial capitals, or other convenient places in the province. The Senior Inspector or the Metropolitan Constabulary Commander may, however, authorize them to receive cash ration when on patrol duty, escorting . prisoners, or on special detail elsewh ere. 20. Appointments in the Constabulary in the grades of patrolman, corporal, sergeant and first sergeant shall be made by the Director of the Consta bul81路Y. Any Filipino citizen of good moral character, physically sound, not less than 21 years of age, without cl'iminal record, at least 5 feet 2 inches tall, and possessed of S1Ich educational attainment as may be prescribed by the Director, shall be qualified fOl' appointment in the Constabulary. Applicant under 21 years, but not less than 18 years of age may be appointed with the consent of his fath er, mother or guardian.

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21. The ar ms of th e Constabulary shall be as prescribed by the Commi ssioner of t he In terior. A RTICLE I V 22. The f unds for the expenses of the Bu reau of Constabulary in the provinces sh all be advanced to the Senior Inspector. On the 15th and the last day of ever,y month, he shall pay the salary of all the members of the Bureau of Constabulary stationed in his province. He shaJJ also pay all expenses wh ich have been incurred in connection with the discharge of the functions a nd the administration of the Bureau of Constabulary in his province. 23. The Senior Inspector, or Metropolitan Constabulary Commander, shall advance to each company' or detachment commander the necessary fund to subsist the men of his command during the month. The company or detachment commander shall keep an account book showing the credits and debits properly supported by receipts and vouchers. 24. The Senior Inspector, except the Metropolitan Constabulary Commander, shall submit his abstract of e"penditures to the Chief Supply Officer at the end of every month. 25. The number, pay and allowance of the officers and men of the Constabulary shall" be fixed by the Chairman of the Executive Commission upon the recommen ation of the Commissioner of the Interior. The cos t of maintenance of Can taltulary units in tbEi service of the City of Greater Manila shall be born by tbat c,ity, proviaed, however, that the pay and all owances of the offic"rs and men of said units shall be f ixed by tbe Chairman of the Executive ~ommission, upon t?e l'ecommendation of the Mayor of the City of Creater Manila approved by the Commissioner of the Interior. The cost of maintenance of Constabulary units in the service of the provinces, other chal路tered cities and municipalities shall be bome by the Central Administrative Organization, provided, however, that each province, city and municipality shall contribute to the Central Administrative Organization, for Constabulary pur poses, a sum not to exceed th e amount heretofore spent by said province, city or municipality for the maintenance of their respective police forces, as may be determined by the Commissioner of the Interior. ARTICLE

V

26. The commissioned personnel shall be known and designated as first class inspectors, second class inspectors, third class inspectors, fourth class inspectors, and f ifth class inspectors. 27. The non-commissioned personnel shall be known and designated as first sergeant, sergeant, corporal, a nd patrol man. 28 . The insignia of t he corps a nd of the different ranks of the service shall be of t he prescribed designs and patterns deposited with the Chief Supply Officer . 29. The articles of uj1i form both for commissioned and non-commiss ioned personnel of the Constabulary sha ll be of the kind and patterns to be pr escribed by the Commissioner of t he Interior.

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ARTICLE VI 30.- (a) For inefficiency, misconduct, neglect of duty, violation of reg'ulations, or a ny other offense against good order and discipline, and after due hea ring, the Director of the Constabulary may, in the interest of public service and with the prior approval of the Commissioner of the Interior or the Chairman of the Executive Commission, in the case- of officers appointed by the Commissioner of the Inte rior or the Chairman of the Commission, as the case may be, fine in an amount not exceeding one month's salary, suspend ,vithout pay for a period not exceedi ng two months, r educe in rank, or remove, as the case may require, any member of the Constabulary appointed by him or under his authority. (b) When a member of the Constabulary has been convicted of a cr ime by a court of competent jurisdiction, other than a Constabulary summary court, the Director may order hi s discharge from the service. 31. The Director of the Con stabulary is authorized to designate an officer in each Cons tabulary post 01' command as summary court before whom offanders of sundry offenses s hall be brought to trial. Such officer shall have a uthority to administer oaths and to hear and decide all such cases taken before him. 32. Any m eJ'nber of the Constabulary who willfully or through neglect, wastes 01' loses arms, ammlunition, clothing, 01' accountrements; or behaves himself with disr espect toward hi s s uperior officers; or lies out of his quarters or camp or otherwise absents himself therefrom, or from his guard 0 1' other command, wi~out lea ve from hi s s uperior officer; or fails, except when prevented by sickness 01' oth er unavoidable cause, to repair, at the fixed time, to the place of parade, exercise, or other rendezvous appointed by hi s superior officers ; or goes from t he same before h e is dismissed or rel ieved; 01' is found one mile from his qua rters or camp without leave in writing from hi s superior officers; or fail s to retire to hi" quarters 01' tent at r etreat; or hires another to do his duty for him ; or is found drunk on guard, party, or other duty ; or is guilty of any offense, disorder, or neglect to the prejudice of good order and discipline, not hereinbefore mentioned, sha ll be puni sh ed as a Constabulary summary court shall direct, subject to the provi sions and limitations hereinafter contained. 33. P ersons triable before a summary court shall, if in confinement, be brou ght to tria l within twenty-four hours after the time of their arrest, 01' as soon ther eafter a s practicable. 34. The puni shment imposed by a s ummary court shall not exceed confinement at labor for one month and forfeiture of one month's pay for the first conviction a nd confinement at labor f or two nlOnths a nd forfeiture of two months' pay for the second conviction within six months. 35. When the accused is a non-eommissioned officer, he may be sentenced to r eduction to the grade of patrolman in addition thereto, and when the accused has been convicted by summary court three times within a year he may be sentenced to be dishonorably di scharged. 36. No sentence a djudged by a su mmary court aga inst any other member of the service s ha ll take effect until it has been approved by th e Director

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of the Constabulary or by the Senior Inspector as the case may be. Where a Senior Inspector is acting as the summary court, the sentence shalI be approved by the Director. 37. The Director of the Constabulary, the senior inspector, or other supel;or officer may arrest and confine in hi s quarte rs any subordinate officer of his command charged with crime or with conduct unbecoming a gentleman, or to the prejudice of good order and discipline, for not exceeding ten days pending investigation of the charge and action thereon. In case of an officer or non-commissioned officer of the Constabulary charged with crime he shalI be arrested and confined until deliver ed to the court having jW'isdiction over the offense for t r ial, or if necessary he may be committed to the proper provincial jail for safekeeping. 3S. The examination, appointment, promotion, and r emoval of members of the commissioned and non-commissioned service of the Constabulary, the filling of vaca ncies therein, and the general discipline of members of said service shalI be governed by the provisions hereof and sha ll not be subj ect to the Civil Service Rules and Regulations, but no person shall be permanently appointed to the commhsioned service of t he Constabulary until after or unless he has ha d thorough training a dequate to the grade or rank to which he \vill ,be assigned, in an authorized school or institution conducted for this purpose. Done in the City of Greater Ma nila, P ilippines, this Sth day of Apdl, 1942. (SGD.) JORGE B. VARGAS Chui"man of the Executive Comn,;ssion APPROVED by the Director General of the Military Administration on May 4, 1942.

EXECUTIVE ORDER ( O. 34) OPERATION OF THE CENTRAL GARAGE

PUl'sua nt to the authority confer red upon me as Head of the Central Administrative Organization by Order No. 1 of the Commander-i n-Chief of the Imperial J apanese Forces in the Philippines, and upon the recommendation of the Commissioner of Public Works and Communications, the following rules and regulations governing the operation of the Central Garage are hereby prescribed : 1. AlI government cars held or operated by t he different bureaus and offices, \vith the exception of ambulances of hospitals, mail tt'ucks of the Bureau of Communications, motorcycl es and such other motor vehicles as

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may be exempted by the Chairman of the Executive Commission, shall be turned over to the Central Garage for operation in accordance with the provisions of this Order. 2. Hereafter, any government bureau or office desiring motor transportation for official pUl'poses may requisition cars from the Central Garage on rental basis in accordance with such schedule of rates as may from time to time be prescribed by the Commissioner of Public Works and Communications and approved by the Chairman of ,the Executive Commission. 3. One automobile shall be assigned on monthly rental basis to each department for its office use and that of the bureaus and offices under it and may be kept in a garage of the department concerned or of any bureau or office under it, if by doing so it would be more economical than keeping the car in the Central Garage when not in use : P"ouided, That any government bureau or office whose functions require continuous use of one or more motor vehicles may, in t he interes a nd f01' the efficiency of the service, make proper r epresentation s to the Director of Transportation who shall look into each case and submit appropriate recommendation to the authorities concerned for the permanent assignment thereto of the necessary number of cars on the mon1(hly r ental basis: ,provided, /t!?路ther, That no motor vehicle shall be permanently assigned to any burea u or office on monthly r ental ba sis without the previous authori ily of the Chairman of the Executive Commission. 4. Except motor vehicles rented on the monthly rental basis as hereinabove provided, cars, tt ~ks, or jitneys shall be furnished for use of bureaus and offices on a per-hour or daily rental basis upon request of the bureaus or offices concerned and as necessity therefor arises. 5. The Central Garage shall operate on such appropriation as may be specifically granted for the purpose. In case of deficit in the appropriation due to unforeseen increase in its activities, the deficit shall be covered either from collections made in excess of the estimated income of the Central Garage as shown in the Budget, or from sucb additional allotments as may be secured for the purpose. 6. It shall be the Jlolicy of the Central Garage to ope1'ate only small (light) cars in order to minimize its operating expenses and to keep adequately in storage the big cars the operation of which will be costly to the Commission, and thus exerci se the strictest economy in its operation. 7. Subj ect to the approval of the Commissioner of Public Works and Communications, the Director of Transportation shall issue such rules, regulations or instructions as he may deem necessary \vith a view to a more efficient a nd economical operation of the Central Garage and to carry out more effectively the provisions of this Order. Done in the City of Greater Manila, Philippines, this 6th day of May, 1942. (SGD.) JORGE B. VARGAS Chai,.man 0/ the Executive Commission

[26]


EXECUTIVE ORDER (NO, 35) REQUIRING RELIGIOUS ORGANIZATIO S OR ORDERS TO SECURE PERMISSION BEFORE SOLICITING OR COLLECTING ALMS AND CONTRIBUTIONS FOR RELIGIOUS PURPOSES, Pursuant to the authority conferred upon me as H ead of the Oentral Administrative Organization by Order No, 1 of the Commander-in-Chief of the Imperial Japanese Forces in tha Philippines, and upon the recommendation of the Executive Commission, it is hereby requ ired that all religious organizations or orders should first secure permission before soliciti ng contributions or collecting alms for l'eligiou s purposes from the public Or from any person, in accordance with the following rules and regulations: 1. The permission herein required may be secured by filing a written application therefor with the BU1'eau of Religious Affairs at least ten da,ys prior to the date on which the l'eligious organization or order will start soliciting or collecting alms or contributions, 2, The application for permission shall be accomplished in triplicate by the head, chief priest or presiding elder of the religious organization or order concerned, or the parish priest, and shall contain the following particulars: (a) The purpose or obiect f or \'vhich the alms or contributions are to be collected; (b) The total amount to be raised from the collection of said a lms or contributi 5; (c) Whether the collect~on of such a lms or contributions is permitted or not by the laws, rules, or regulations of the religious organization or o):der concerned; (d) Methods to be employed in soliciting or coll ecting the a lms or contributions; (e) Period within which it is intended to solicit or collect the alms or contributions; and (f) The provinces, cities or municipalities \vithin which said alms or contributions will be solicited or collected, 3, In case the permission applied for is granted, the alms or contributions collected are to be acknowledged by receipts and the expenditures certified by vouchers, The religious organization or order concerned shall, after the expiration of the period a uthorized, and within the period to be fixed by the Director of Religious Affah's, submit to said Bureau an itemized statement of collections and expenditures, t he correctness of which is to be duly certified by the head, chief priest or presiding elder of the religious organization or order concerned, or by the parish priest, 4, This Order shall be applicable to indirect means of soli citing or collecting alms Or contributions, such as selling tickets, chances or coupons, but shall not apply to the following: (a) Alms or contributions spontaneously dropped into alms boxes which are placed inside the church or chapel for a r eligious purpose;

[27]


(b) Alms or contributions dropped or placed in coll ection boxes or plates passed a mong the congregation during masses or other religious services or immediately preceding or following t he same; and (c) Isolated gifts or donations spontaneously given to a r eligiou s organization or order. 5. The head, chi ef pri est or presi ding elder of the religious organization or order concerned, a nd t he parish pl; est shall be r esponsibl e for any violation of t he provisions of this Order which shall be puni shed by impdsonment for not more than six months or by a fin e of not more than two hundred pesos, or by both , in the discretion of the court. Done in the City of Greater Manil a, Philippines, this 8th day of May, 1942 . (SGD.) JORGE B. V ARGAS Chainnan of the E xecutive Commission

EXECUTIVE ORDER (NO. 36) IMPOSING SPE <'l IFIC TAXES ON CIGARS, CIGARETTES AND OTHER MANUFA CTURED PRODUCTS OF TOBACCO Pursuant to the authority conferred upon me as H ead of the Central Administrative Organization by Orders Nos. 1 and 3 of the Commander-inChief of t h e Impel'ial Japanese Forces in t he Philippines, and upon the recommendation of the Executive Commis,sion, the f ollowing rul es a nd regulations governing the imposition of specif ic taxes on cigars, cigarettes and other ma nufactured products of tobacco are h ereby promulgated: SEC. 1. Specific tux on products of to bacco.-(a) On manufactured products of tobacco, except cigars, cigarettes, and tobacco specially prepared for chewing so as to be uns uitable for consumption in any other manner, but inclu ding al l other tobacco twisted by hand or reduced into a condition to be consumed in any manner other than by the ordinary mode of drying and cu ring; and on a ll tobacco prepal:ed or partia ll y prepared f or sale or consumption, even if prepared without the u se of any machine or instrument and without being pressed or sweetened; and on all fine-cut shorts and refuse, scraps, clippings, cuttings, a nd sweepings of tobacco, there sh all be collected on each kilogram , one peso and forty centavos. (b) On tobacco specially pl'epared for chewing so as to be unsuitabl e for use in any other manner, on each kilogram, sixty centavos. SEC. 2. Specific tax on cigars and ciga7路ettes.-(a) On cigars and cigarettes there s ha ll be coll ected the f oll owing taxes: A. Ciga7's(1) W hen the manufacturer's or importer's wholesale price, less t he amount of the tax, does not exceed thirty p esos per thousand, on each th?usand, six pesos.

[28]


(2) When the manufacturer's or importer's wholesale price, less the amount of the tax, exceeds thirty pesos but does not exceed sixty pesos pel' thousand, on each thousand, ten pesos. (3) When the manufacturer's or importer's wholesale price, less the amount of the tax, exceeds sixty pesos per thousand, on each thousand, sixteen pesos. B. Ciga,.ettes(11 When the manufacturer's 01' importer's wholesale price, less the amount of the tax, is four pesos 01' less pel' thousand, on each thousand, three pesos. (2) When the manufacturer's or importer's wholesale price, less the amount of the tax, is more than foul' pesos but not more than six pesos per thousand, on each thousand, six pesos. (3) When the manufacturer's or importer's whol esale price, less the amount of the tax, exceeds six pesos per thousand, on each thousand, eight pesos. (b) The maximum price at which the various cIa ses of cigars and cigarettes are sold at whole ale in the factory or in the establishment of the importer to any me ber of th e public shall determine the rate of the tax applicable to such cigars and cigarettes; and if the manufacoorer or impOl路ter also sells, 01' allows t be sold, his cigars and cigarettes at wholesale in another <!stablishment 0 which he is the owner or in the profits of which he has an interest, the I""aximum sale price in such establishment shall determine the rate of the tax applicable to the cigars and cigarettes therein sold. (c) Every manufacturer or importer of cigars and cigarettes shall file with the Director of Customs and Internal Revenue, on the date or dates designated by the latter, a sworn statement of the maximum wholesale prices of cigars and cigarettes, and it shall be unlawful to sell said cigars and cigarettes at wholesal e at a price in excess of the one specified in the statement required by this section without previous written notice to said Director of Customs and Internal Revenue. SEC. 3. Effectivity.-This Order shall take effect upon its approval by the Commander-in-Chief of the Imperial Japanese Forces. Done in the City of Greater Manila, Philippines, this 8th day of May, 1942. (SGD.) JORGE B. VARGAS Chainnan of the E xecutive CO'Ht1n18S"ion

APPROVED by the Commander-in-Chief of the Imperial Japanese Forces in the Philippines on May 9, 1942.

[29]


EXECUTIVE ORDER (NO. 37) DECLARING MONDAY, MAY 18, 1942, A SPECIAL PUBLIC HOLIDAY WHEREAS, in order to fittingly commemOl'ate the happy event of the return to normalcy of the country after the fall of Bataan and Corregidor, public celebrations and flag parades will be held on Monday, May 18, 1942. NOW, THEREFORE, pursuant to the authority confen-ed upon me as Head of the Central Administrative Organization by Order Nq. 1 of the Commander-in-Chief of the Imperial Japanese Forces in the Philippines, and in connection with Executive Order No. 20, dated March 20, 1942, I do hereby declare Monday, May 18, 1942, a special public holiday in order to give the officials, employees, laborers and bther elements of the community opportunity to join the parades and celebrations. Done in the City of Greater Manila, Philippines, this 12th day of May, 1942. (SGD.) JORGE B. VARGAS Cho'iT1non oj the Executive Commission APPROVED by the Commander-in-Ch~ef

Japanese Forces in on May 12, 1942.

of the Imperial the Philippines

EXECUTIVE ORDER (NO. 38)

EXTENDING THE PERIOD FOR FILING APPLICATIONS FOR RENEWAL OF AUTHORIZATION TO SOLEMNIZE MARRIAGES , Pursuant to the authority conferred upon me as Head of the Central Administrative Organization by Order No. 1 of the Commander-in-Chief of the Imperial Japanese Forces in the Philippines, and upon the recommendation of the Commissioner of the Interior, the period for filing applications for renewal of authorization to solemnize marriages for the yellr 1942 under the Marriage Law, as amended, is hereby extended to July 31, 1942, with regard to bishops, pl'iests or ministers r esiding or stranded outside the City of Greater Manila. The authorization issued to the aforementioned bishops, priests or ministers for the year 1941 will be considered valid up to July 31, 1942. Dbne in the City of Greater Manila, Philippines, this 13th day of May, 1942. (SGD.) JORGE B. VARGAS Choi"mon of the Executive Commission

[30]


EXECUTIVE ORDER (NO. 40)

INITIATING A NATIONAL CAMPA IGN FOR THE CULTIVATION OF IDLE LANDS TO PRODUCE FOOD CROPS WHEREAS, as a consequence of the present emergency, many farms are abandoned and the countl'jY is threatened with food shortage; WHEREAS, the importation of essential food commodities is problematical under the present circumstances; and WHEREAS, food crops must be grown in order to avert hunger and forestall famine throughout the land; NOW, THEREFORE, pursuant to the authority conferred upon me as Head of the Central Administra.tive Organization by Order No. 1 of the Commander-in-Chief of the Imperial Japanese Forces in the Philippines, and upon the recommendation of the Executive Commission, it is hereby ordered: 1. That a nation-wide campaign for the cultivation of rice, corn, camote, cassava, gabi, cowpeas, soybeans, mongo and othel' short-time food crops suited to local conditions, be started at once under the joint sponsorship of the Department of the Interior a nd the Department of Agriculture a nd Commerce. 2. That it s~all be the duty of all city and municipal mayors to distribute uncultivated public lands within their respective jurisdictions among the citizens there'!f preferably to those ",ho are unemployed in order to enable them to plant ood crops therein for a period of one agricultural year. 3. That if for a ny reason the owner or the one in possession of any private land is unable to cultivate the same, it shall be the duty of the mayor of the city or municipality where such land is located to turn it over to the citizens of sucH city or municipality preferably to those who are unemployed for the same purposes and under the same conditions prescribed in the next preceding paragraph. 4. That it shall be the duty of every person or persons to whom public or private land has been turned over for cultivation to carry into effect the national food production campaign by planting thereon the crops contemplated in paragraph i of this Order: P"ovided, That they may not alter or damage any pel'lnanent improvements existing thereon: and PTovided, further, That kaingin may not be resorted to without permission from the Director of Forestry and Fishery or of his representative in the locality. When a portion of public lands is found more suited for agricultural than for forest purposes kaingin shall be allowed. 6. That crops obtained on public a nd private lands distributed in accordance with paragraphs 2 and 3 of this Order shall belong to the grower and no rent for the use of the land shall be collected: P'/,ovided, howeve,', That a portion of the crops or so much thereof as may be necessary, not exceeding ten per centum, shall be set aside and the proceods therefrom turned over to the Government as payment of the real estate tax corresponding to the year in which such crops are gathered or harvested. 6. That it shall be the duty of all provincial governors personally or

[31]


through the agricultural supervisors, to inspect the activities of the mayors in this food production campaign. The governors and city mayors shall also submit a monthly l'eport to the Commissioner of the Interior and the Commissioner of Agriculture and Commerce on the progress of the campaign in their respective provinces and cities. 7. That it shall be the duty of all provincial governors and city or municipal mayors who may receive seeds, seedlings, cuttings, shoots, or tubers from the Government in the furtherance of the national food production campaign to distribute such seeds, seedlings, cuttings, shoots, or tubers immediately to the farmers for planting, and it shall be unlawful for them to utilize the same for thair own benefit, Or to intentionally permit or give tacit consent to the diversion of the same for consumption purposes. 8. That any person who neglects Or fails to perform any duty enjoined by this Order, or who performs any act which defeats or tends to defeat its purposes, or who otherwise violates any provision thereof, shall upon conviction be punished with imprisonment not exceeding six months, or by fine not exceeding two hundred pesos, Or by both such fine and imprisonment, at the discretion of the court. 9. That tHe provincial governors and city or municipal mayors ~vho infringe the provisions of this Order shall, in addition to the criminal responsibility to which they may be subject, also be iiable 路to suspension or removal from office. 10. This Executhre Order shall be printed in Japanese, English, and in the principal dialects of the Philippines for distribution in all cities and municipalities. Done in the City on Greater Manila, Philippines, this 14th day of May, 1942. (SGD.) JORGE B. VARGAS Chai"man of the E x ecutive Cant-mission

EXIDCUTIVE ORDER (NO. 41)

CHANG ING THE NAME OF DEWEY BOULEVARD TO HEIWA BOULEVARD; TAfT AVENUE TO DAITOA AVENUE; HARRISON BOULEVARD TO KOA BOULEVARD; JONES BRIDGE TO BANZAI BRIDGE; HARRISON PARK TO RIZAL PARK; AND WALLACE FIELD AND BURNHAM GREEN TO PLAZA BAGONG FILIPINAS WHEREAS, the substitu t ion of the American names of certain streets, boulevards, parks and bridges in the City of Greater Manila with those denoting or referring to purely Japanese or Filipino ideas or persons \vill be a fitting tribute to the lofty aims of the Great Japanese Empire in establish -

[32]


ing the Greater East Asia Co-Prosperity Sphere under the slogan of "Asia for the Asia tics"; NOW, THEREFORE, pursuant to the authority conferred upon me as Head of the Central Administrative Organization by Orders Nos. 1 and 3 and approval letter No. 42 of the Commander-in-Chi ef of the Imperial Japanese Forces in the Philippines, and upon the recommendation of the Executive Commission, the names of the following highways and parks in the City of Greater Manila are hereby changed as hereunder indicated:

Old Nanne Dewey Boulevard Taft Avenue Harrison Boulevard J ones Bridge Harrison Park Wallace Field ) Burnham Green)

New Name Heiwa Boulevard Daitoa Avenue Koa Boulevard Banzai Bridge Rizal Park (Plaza Bagong ( Filipinas

to

Done in the City of Greater Manila, Ph ilippines, this 18th day of May, 1942. ( SGD.) JORGE B. VARGAS

Chai"man of the Executive Commission

J

[33]


GREATER EAST ASIA WAR BULLETIN

(No.3) April 29th: The strong units of the Imperial Japanese Forces effected landings at Cotabato and Parang, Mindanao. The Imperial Japanese Forces successfully occupied Lashio, an important point situated in the northern part of Burma. In the COUl'se of an exte,\sive aerial operations in northern and central Burma du";ng the period between April 1st and 29th, the Air Corps of the Imperial Japanese Forces achieved the following brilliant war results:

a.

~::~: ~~:~s. ~~~~~~~

.......................... ..... .

29 4 Medium type .... : ...... . .. .. ....... . . .............. . 8 Small ~ype .. ..... ... ...... ........ ... .. .. .. . ..... . . . b. Ene1ny l)/.anes b1'ottUht down: Small type ............ .. . " ........................ . 4 c. War materials bombed and set ali"e: Automobiles ............ . ........................... . 248 Trucks ....... . ............ . ... . .......... . ..... . .. . 270 65 Tanks, including armored cars ........ . .. . .......... . Railway rolling stocks, including locomotives .......... . 1,635 16 Artilleries, including those pulled by tractors ....... . .. . Automatic guns .......... . .. . . . .................... . 5 Anti-aircraft guns ......................â&#x20AC;˘....... . .... 2 d. Mechanized corps destroyed . ... . ... .. ... .. ......... . . . . 105 e. Vessels seriou~y damaged .......... . ...... . . . .. .. . .. . 6 May 1st : The Imperial Japanese Force. succeeded in occupying Mandalay, an important point in Burma. The Imperial Japanese Navy's Air Corps carried out the night raid of Akyab, an important point situated at the west coast of Burma, and seriously damaged the enemy military installations. May 2nd: The Imperial Japanese Navy's Air C01'PS actively engaged in the destruction of enemy's air force in the eastern part of New Guinea, either brought down or destroyed on the ground 30 enemy planes during the period between April 26th and May 2nd.

[34]


May 3rd: A unit of the Imperial Japanese Forces effected successful landing at a point near Cagayan, an important point in the northern part of Mindanao, in defiance of strong enemy resistance. Th~ Imperial Japanese Forces operating in Burma successfully occupied Banmauk, a nd achieved the following war prizes in the operations near the said city: a . Vessels fully loaded with arms and ammunitions. . 12 b. Airplane work shops ................... .. ..... 10 c. Airplane engines .... . .. . .... . . . ....... . . . . . ... 23 d. Trucks ........ . ................. .. ... . . . . . . . . 20 e. Automobile parts f. Tangustine g. Rice ......... ..... .. " . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20,000 sacks h. Gasoline..... . .... . .............. ... . . . . . . . . . . 5,000 tins May 4th: The Imperial Japanese Forces occupied Akyab airfield, situated near the India-Burma border. May 5th: The Imperial Japanese Forces crossed the Yun Nan border and successfully occupied Lungling in Yun Nan, China. May 7th: The combined units of the Imperial Japanese Army and Navy in the Philippines effected successful landing at Corregidor at 11 :'15 p. m., on May 5th, in defiance of fierce enemy resistance, and completely captured Corregidor and other island fortresses situated at the entrance of Manila Bay at 8:00 p. m. May 8th: The Imperial Japanese Forces operating in Burma occupied Myitkyina, northeastern terminus of the Burma railway. The Imperial Japanese Naval Forces achieved the following brilliant war results in the Corral Sea naval engagements that took place on May 7th and 8th: 1.

Enen'lI warships sunk: a. U. S. aircraft carrier Saratoga type. b. U. S. aircraft carrier Yorktown type. c. U. S. battleship Califomia type. d. Destroyer.

2.

En.mll wa1'8hip8 8e"io"8111 ti<t1ltaged: a. British battleship Wan'8pite type. b. British first class cruiser Canberra type. c. Cruiser. d. Oil tanker (20,000 tons class).

3.

Enell'lI planes brought down:

[35]

98


May 10th: The Imperial Japanese Forces advancing along the Burma road, after crossing the Yun Nan border, occupied Teng Yueh. In the same operation, not only arms and ammunitions left behind by the enemy, but also large quantities of important materials were captured, thereby completely seali ng t he Burma road. Major-General Sharp, Commander-in-Chief of the USAFFE in Visayas a nd Mindanao, made unconditional surrender, together with the forces under hi s command, to the Imperi al Japa nese Forces. The Imperial J a panese Nav,y 's Air Corps sh ot down 112 and destroyed on the ground 51 enemy planes as a r esult of the aerial operations over Port Molesby, New Guinea a nd Port Da rwin, Australia during th e period between April 21st a nd May lOth. The total number of enemy vessels sunk by the Imperial Japanese submarines si nce the outbreak of the Greater E ast Asia War up to May 10th is as follows :

Hawaii Wate,'s: 15 Enemy vessels .. . . . . . .. ......... . . . .... . .. 2. Sou"theastl}rn Pacific: ~5 Enemy ve's sels ...... . . .................... 3. Indian Ocean: 35 Enemy vessels . .. . . .. . .... . . . . . ...â&#x20AC;˘.....â&#x20AC;˘ . . Total : 65 Enemy v essels ... . ............ .. . . . . 1.

101,700 tons 96,000 246,300 444,000

May 11th : The Imp erial H eadquarter s issued the communique that the Imperial Air Corps operating in Burma since the outbreak of the Greater East Asia war achieved the followin g brilli a nt war results: a. Number of raids ma de upon enemy a irfields ... ..... ... . 126 b. Number of enemy planes shot down or destroyed on the ground ...... . .. . . . ..... . .. . ..... . .. . .. .. ........ 554 c. Number of enemy motor vehicles destroyed ....... . .. . . . 1,212 d. Number of enemy tanks a nd a rmored cars destroyed .... . 333 e. Number of enemy railway rolling stocks destroyed .... . 1,543 f . . Number of enemy vessels either sunk or seriously 92 damaged ..... . . . ...... . . . ..... . . .......... , ....... . . . g. Number of enemy military instaJ.lations bombed and destroyed ............................................ 666 May 12th: The headquarters of the Imperial Japanese Forces in the Philippines announced th at war results achieved by the Imperial Japanese Forces which occupied the fortresses located at the entrance of Manila Bay are as follows: 14,000 1. Number of enemy forces .. . .. . . ........... . 2. Enemy dead bodies found ................. . 700 12,000 3. War pri soners taken (majority were Americans)

[36]


4.

War booty: 14 inch artill el'i es 12 inch artilJel'ies .. ..... .. ..•...•... .. . ... . 15 inch cannons ...... . . ......... ... ...... . 16 cm. howitzers . . ... . . . .. ........ •.. . .... 10 inch cannons .............. . ... . . ...... . Field artilleri es .............. .. ..... ..•.. .. A rtilleries pull ed by tractors .. . ...•........ Anti-aircraft guns ...... ........ . . . . ......• Anti-aircraft automatic cannons ..... .. .... . 37 millimeter artilleries ...........•.......• Automatic guns . . .... . ... ..... . ...... . ... . H eavy trench mortars .. .. . . ......... .. . . .. . HeaV)' machine g uns . .. . . .............•... . Light machi ne guns ..... . . . ...•.. ... . . .. . .. Automatic guns . . .......... . .. . ........ . .. . Rifles ... . .... .. . .. . ... .. .. . . . . . .•....... Pi stols .... ..... . .. .. . . . ....•. . .. . .•.... . .. Automobil es ........ . .. . .......... . ....... . Airp anes ........ . .... . ...•......... ... . . . Search ig hts ... . .. .... . .... . .... . . ... .. ... . Artillery shell s .... . ... .. ... .. ........ . ... . H eaV)' machine gun bullets . ....... ... . .... . Torpedoes . ........ . .. ... .. ........ . . .. ... . Foodstuffs .. . Suffici ent to feed the U SAFFE for six months.

8 43 10 10 12 54 4

30 42 10 20 3 330 130 240 4,000 1,200 250 8 20 103,000 round s 890,000 22

May 13th: The Imperial Japanese F orces operating in India-Burma border de· livered a crush ing bl ow upon 20,000 Briti sh-Indi a forces at a point neal' Kalewa, Burma and attained t he following brilliant wa r r esul ts: 1.

Enemy dead bodies found ..... .............

2.

War Booty: a. Motor Vehicles b. Tanks ................ . •..... .• . ... . ... c. Artill eries .. . .. .. . . ... ..... . .. ... .' . ... . d. Rifles . .... ........... . .. . ....• . .. . . .. .

1,200 2,000 113

42 1 772

May 16th: The total war res ults a chieved by the Imperia l Japa nese Forces in Burma, excluding that of Kalewa operations, are a s follows: 1. Number of enemy force s engaged ........... 32,350 2. Number of enemy dead bodies found . ... ... 5,935 1,895 3. War prisoners taken

[37]


4.

War Booty: a. Motor vehicles 1,265 b. Tanks ..... . ..... . .. .. .... .. .. . .......• 63 c. Armored ca r s ........................ . 47 d. Various kinds of artiJl eri es . .... . . . . . . . . 149 e. H eavy and light machine gu ns ........ . 184 3,090 J. Rifles . .............. .. .. . .. . .....••... . u. Artiller y s hell s ....•.. . .. . .. ........... 17,419 rounds h. Rifl e bullets . .. ..... . •. . . .. . .. . . . . ..... 2,075,600

May 18th: The Imperia l Japanese Air Corps made a s urprise attack upon Berhampal a nd Silchar in Assam Province, India, unl eashing ton s of hig h ex plosi ves, and destroyed stations, warehouses a nd tra ins filled with enemy retr eating troops.

(To be conU"ued)

)

[38]


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One of the viewM of th e Mountain Province showing a part of It gold .,,;'ri" l1 company at Baguio , Desp ite the war these gold mining facilities were not des w'oyed, People w ho 8a1U th e slime bird eye's v iew before the Wa? ' would be readily convinced thnt th e N ew Philippines' yold mininy l,/"ojec/s shall s tart soon and function steadily,

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A l(L1'ge crowd gathering to hea,' ?nusic and the add,-esses of Filipino orat01'S and

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Over portable loudspeake,'s, Filipino orato,-s st,-essed to the people the common tasle

a.180 to ,-eceive handbills explaining the histo"ical significa?lce of the fa ll of Con·eoidor.


To celeb"ate the complete s"'Tend..,· of the USAFFE at CO""egido,', ",embe,'s of the Japanese co,m,."nity, "nde,. the auspices of the Japanese Association, staged a big Lante,.n pa"ade which was seen by tholl.ands of Japanese along fhe ,·oute. Pa,·ticipants sang all along the way to the tune of the b"ass band which headed the p'·oce.sion. (May 17, 1942, Manila.)

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The band of the newly-fm-med Bureau of Constabula,-y whose membe7-s, wean-ing w hite uniforms, attn-acted the attention of the spectators_

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V 'ictOl'Y bandwagons tow路ing the Cily of G,'wt .r Manila, hemlding the fall of Oo?.,.egidor as signifying the ,'esto",<tion of lJeace and (IS lJaving the way fa" the "Philippines fo,' t il e Filipinos" l,,'og,'a? .. Imder Ill e Oreater East Asia Co.ProslJe1-ity Sphere lJZan,


The Tribune, a Filipino pape,', in its editm'ial news said as follows :-"Literally, the fall of Con'egidol' is ,nusic to the Filipinos, or so it seems to city ,'.sidents who have been enjoying popula)' band conce)'ts eve,. since that histol'ic day, " Everywhe)'e the victo,'y ,,,usic ca,'ava.n slops 10 play, a large c,'owd of intent listeners ",ay ,tlways be seen gathering,"

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A ?ltusical camvan ?'olled along the p,-incipal st,.eets of the City of G,'eate,' Nlwnila to p,'ocla;'n the ?'eturn to n01'7na lcy with the fall of Con'egido,-, Composed of 125 'musicians, jive clecQ?outed tTltclcs and two uuto?Jwbiles, the ca'ravan caused a 8en~ BaUon eVlwywhere it passed as hOlndbills announcing the fall of the ¡island fo,-tress we"e distributed and Filip'ino and FiHpina orators addressed the public on the significance of the fall of CO?~'eg;do,-. (Photo taken at the Escotta, Manila's Ginza, May 11, 19 42 .)

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A pictOI"'iClt exh i Tho se w ho saw the ib it ion held at the EscoUa f0 1' the ben efit of the FiZ l)ino tl,,,blic. the New Phi lipp i"esse his toricct/ pictu,.es decided to tty thei by li ftin g th e blillclil1 ,. bes t in "ec olls t "cti1l0 g vei l of pl'o_A mer ica r, idw s, to show tha the y themse lves cwe t Ori ent als .

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Lieutenant Genoml Masaha,'u H On?na, Commander-in-Chief of the hnperial J apanese F orces, and members of his staff heartily welcomed by thousands of citizens of the City of a.路eate,路 Manila on thei,' triumphal en/fry into the city. (illJay 9, 1942, Rizal Avenue.)

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Ja;panese officers and soldiers attended these historical ceremonies which lasted f"om 10 :90 to 11 :95 a. m. High officials front the Central Adn,inistrati'ue Organization and reUgiolls organizationsi" the Phlippines we"e also present.

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His E xcellency, Majo·r-General Yoshihide Hayashi, add"essinn the fi,.st convention of Pro'vincial Gove'"lw,'s, City MaYQl"s. and Provincial and City Trea81aer8 "nder the Military Admini8tration, with Chairman of the Philippine E xecutive Commission JQI"ne 8. Vargas ",t the left; Commi8sion..- of the Intenor B enigM S. Aquvno ",t the r':ght. (FQ1-/Iler N(J.tional A ssembly Hall, May 19, 1942.)

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T he C01nmanders-in-Chief of the Imperial Japanese Army and Navy in the Philippines reviewing from the grandstand at the New Luneta the Victory Pamde held by Fil'ipino officials a1!d the 'Public on May 18, 194 2.

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Profile for Filipiniana Online

Official Journal of the Japanese Military Administration Vol. No. 4  

Official Journal of the Japanese Military Administration Vol. No. 4