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OF THE JAPAN.ESE M.llITARY ADMINISTRATION

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Volume No.1 (SBCOND BDITION )

Edited by THE BUREAU OF PUBLICITY THE DEPARTMENT OF GENERAL AFfAIRS THE JAPANESE MILITARY ADMINISTRATION

by

MANILA NICHI NLCHI SHIMBUN SHA. INC.


THE OFFICIAL JOURNAL OF

THE JAPANESE MILITARY ADMINISTRATION

Volume No.1 (SECOND tlDn'ION)

Edited by THE BUREAU OF PUBLICITY THE DEPARTMENT OF GENERAL AFFAIRS THE JAPANESE MILIT AR Y ADMINISTRATION

DONATED BY AYALA CO RPORATION TO FILlPINAS FOUNDATION, INC. Pr;.lta aI/a Publhh,d

\)¢

by MANILA NICHI NICHI SHIM BUN SHA. INC.

e~

~'t\C;


TABLE OF CONTENTS Page

Message by the Director-Geneml of the Military Administration Message by the Chairman of t he Executive Commission

iii v

SE('TIO" L General affairs I Proclamation .... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. .. .. 3 Notification .. .......... . ....... . .............. .. ..... . 7 Order .. . . .. ............... . .. .. .... . .. ... . .. ............. . Military Ordinance.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . ... . 8 Statement .............................. .. ....... . ........... . 8 Minutes of Interview between representative of the Im perial Japanese Forces in the Philippines and Mr. Vargas, Mayo r of Greater Manila City . . .. .................. . .. . ........................ . 10 SECTION 2. Affairs concerning Department of Interior. . . . . . .. . . . .. . ....... Warning.. .. ......... . ......... .. ... ..... . .. .. .. ......... ... Proclamation . ....... . ...... .... . . .. .... . .....•.•............ Order .. ...... ............ ... ... . ............... ..... . . ...... . (Explanation) .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .• . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Tnstruction. . . . . . . . . . . . . . ......•................ . ............ (Explanation) ... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

12 12 12 13 13

SEC'NON 3. Affairs concerning Department of Public Works and Communications Proclamation . ... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. Notification. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Order............... . ................. . .... .. ............ Instruction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . • . . . . . . . . . . ..

17 17 20 23 24

SECTION 4. Affairs concerning Bureau of Judicial Affairs .. .. ....... ....... . Proolamation ........ . ...... . ..... ..... .. .. ................... . Notification ..... ......•... .. ... . .....•.•...•.................. Order ........ . . . .... . . . •.• . . . ........ .. ..... .. ..... ......... (Explanation) .......................... . .. ..... . .. .. ....... .

32 32 33 34 34

SEcTION 5. Affairs concerning Department of Finance .. ............ . ...... . . Military Ordinance .. .... . .. .. .. .. ... ..... . . ... . . ...•... '" ... . (Explanation) . ....... . .. .. ..... ... . . ... . . . .......... . ...... . Proclamation ... ... .... .. . .. .... .. ............ .. ........... . . . . (ExplanatiOlI) ............ . .... ...... ......... •.. ... .. ... ... . :\'otification . ... .

36 36

14

15

37

38 40 45


TABLE OF CONTENTS Page

SECTION 6.

Affairs concerning Department of Industries .................... . Proclamation .....................................•............ (Explanation) ........ .. ........• ... ...... .. ... ... ........... Notification ...................................... . ........ .. . . AnnoUDcemen t . ..... .. ... . . .. . ... ... ........... ... . . ......... .

49 49 49 53 55

SECTION 7. Affairs concerning Headquarters of Commander for the Defense of Greater Manila City. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 59 Notification.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. 59 SECTION 8.

SECTION' 9.

Affairs concerning Headquarters of MiUtary Police of the Imperial Japanese Forces. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Notification.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ..

63 63

Executive Orders by the Chairman of the Executive Commission. 65 Executive Orders (No.1 to 11) ........ ............ 65-86

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MESSAGE By The Director-General of the Military Administration

March :11. 1942 Facing at a great turning point inevitable in the world history. our Empire of Japan took arms courageously under the banner for the establishment of Grea"'r East Asia and has succeeded in liqu.idaling the long established control of large parts of East Asia based on egotism and utilitarianism by the United States and Great Britain. and in sweeping away their bases of aggression and intrigues.

Within no more than three

months sinc~ the outbreak of war. our Empire has achieved brilliant war results which the entire world looks upon \vith the highest admiration and history has never witnessed before ; thus we have completed impregnable bulwarks for a long war. In the Philippines. our Military Administration was put into practice upon our entry into Manila. and soon after. a new Executive Commission was established by the most intelligent and most F"r-sighted Filipino leaders headed by Mr. J. B. Vargas . In this way. "the Philippines for Filipinos' which all the Filipinos have long coveted is now approaching to its reality

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and their long cherished hope will soon attain its end, as the ' first step thereto has already been taken with the signal of the Military Administration and on the basis of Oriental morals. Furthermore, the statement made by General T ojo, the Prime Minister of Japan, on the

21 st

of January in the Imperial

Diet assures the future of the Filipinos with glory and happiness. Therefore, we earnestly hope that all the people in this country will understand the true meaning of the above-mentioned statement, and first of all liquidate what has wrongly existed hitherto, thus they will place full confidence in the sincere and sympahtetic attitude of the Empire of Japan and do their best in their respective places to cooperate with our Military Administration to the fullest extent for the re-establishment of a ne v Philippines. In order to carry out smoothly such concrete measures as necessary for the realization of the above ideal, the office of the Japanese Military Administration has decided to publish this official journal, which will contain texts of order, proclamations, notifications, etc .. and any other official notifications or warnings, and to distribute it to all the official organs i~ all the territories under th e Military AdministTation and also to the general public.

It is my wish that this publication will help to make the objectives and principles of our Military Administration fully understood, and officials as well as the people at large in this country will stTictly abide by the laws and regulations. May this official journal serve the purpose as mentioned above!

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MESSAGE By The Chairman of the Executive Commission

March

21 . 1942

I wish to congratulate the Imperial J apanese Forces in the Philippines for the constructive idea of publishing a n Official

Journal of the Japanese Military Administralion. This public tion will not only give us an opportunity to put on record the memorable events of Japanese occupation. hut also provide a n accurate and useful means of giving the people an opportunity to know the constTuctive measures that are being adopted by the Military Administration of the Imperial Japanese Forces as well as by the Executive Commission for the b enefit and welfare of th e people of the Philippines. I b elieve that the Official Journal of tI,e Japanese Military Administration will go down in history as another potent factor in bringing about a b etter understanding a nd closer cooperation between the Japanese and Filipino and specially both officials on the establishment by the Imperia l Government of a greater Philippines in consonance with the program of a Greater East Asia Co-Prosperity Sphere .

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Section 1. General Affairs PROCLAMATION (January 2, 1942) The Japanese Armed Forces wish to share the wen-being of the officials and people of the native land. Wait for the arrival of the Japarrese troops with confidence and ease. 1. Regardless of nationality, no one needs to flee. 2. Offering resistance or committing a hostile act against the Japanese Armed Forces in any manner, leads the whole native land to ashes. Therefore everyorre should come under the protection of the Japanese Armed Forces without shedding even one drop of blood and should continue daily business as usual. 3. Anyone who fans under any of the fonowing will be considered as interfering with the wen being of the native people and therefore shall be subject to death penalty. Refrain from can m.itl;iJng any of said crimes. (1) Those who s ow hostility against the Japanese Armed Forces. (2) Those who jeo ardize or break any existing means in politics, econo_ mics, industry, transportation, communication, finarlCe, etc. (3) Those who disturb the minds of the officials and the people. (4) Any action disturbing the economic and financial condition. Those who l路eport to the Japanese Forces any flagrant offense or prevent arty of said crimes will be rewarded by the Imperial Japanese Forces. COMMANDER-IN-CHIEF, THE IMPERIAL JAPANESE FORCES

PROCLAMATION (January 3, 1942) TO ALL THE AUTHORITIES AND THE PEOPLE OF THE COMMONWEALTH OF THE PHILIPPINES: (1) As the result of the Japanese Military operations, the sovereignty of the U. S. A. over the Philippines has completely disappeared and the Army hereby proclaims the Military Admirtistration under martial law over the districts occupied by the Army.

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(2) The purpose of the Japanese expedition is nothing hut to emancipate you from the oppressive oomination of U. S. A., letting ;you establish "the Philippines for the Filipinos" as a member of the Co-prosperity Sphere in the Greate路r East Asia and making you enjoy your own prosperity and culture. (3) The Authorities and the people of the Commonwealth should sever their relations with the U. S. A. and trust the just and fair administration of the Army, obeying faithfully all its commands, cooperating voluntarily with it in its stationing and activities here and supplying military needs when asked. (4) So far as the Military Administration permits, all the laws now in force in the Commonwealth, as well as executive and 路 judicial institutions shall corttinue to be effective for the time being as in the past. Therefore all public officials shall remain in their present posts and canyon faithfully their duties as before. (5) The Army recogn'izes the freedom of your religion and residence and has a regard for your u sual customs, so far as the Military Administration permits. Accordingly, all the people in t he Commonwealth are requested to comprehend the real intentions of the Army and never be deceived by propagandas of the U. S. A. and Great Br itain, and you should never disturb public peace in any way, warning ;yourselves against rushness and refraining from spreading fabulous, wild rumors. Such actions shall be regarded as hostile operations and offenders shall be severely punished, the gravest offenses being punishable b death, according to martial law. COMMANDER-IN-CHIEF, THE IMPERIAL J AP ANESE FORCES

PROCLAMATION (J anuary 3, 1942) TO ALL THIRD PARTY FOREIGNERS IN THE PHILIPPINES: The Japanese Army has occupied the Commonwealth of the Philippines and established the Military Administration in the islands. Third party foreigners in the Commonwealth are' ordered to report their identities to the Military Authorities, arid obey and cooperate with the Administration. The Military Authorities will guarantee them the safety of their lives and properties and the freedom of their religion and residence and also permit them to carryon their busill'ess as in the past. But those who di sturb public peace arid are not careful in words and deeds or who incite others to do so shall be put to death, according to martial law. COMMANDER-IN-CHIEF, THE IMPERIAL JAPANESE FORCES

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PROCLAMATION (J all'Uary 9, 1942) The purpose of concentrating enemy aliens (British and Americans) is to pl'otect their lives. Therefore those who are not under the protective custody of the Imperial Japanese Forces are urged to report personall.y at any office of the' Japanese Army Authorities. Failure to do so on or before January 15, 1942, shall be considered as hostile act and severely dealt with. 2. All articles looted must be returned to the original places immediateLy. Failure to do so, with sufficient ground to establish guilt, shall be punished accordingly. COMMANDER-IN-CHIEF, THE IMPERIAL JAPANESE FORCES 1.

(February 4, 1942) One who keeps arms and ammunition which have been abandoned by enemies or who knows whel'e they are hidden, is requested to report the matter either at the Japanese sentry outpost 01' at the Military Police station nearby. A substantial reward will be given anyone who reports. COMMANDER-IN-CH IEF, THE IMPERIAL JAPANESE FORCES NOTIFICATION (J arlUal'y 5, 1942) All persons connected with the Business and profession listed Irelow are urged to retum immediately to their occupations and to make their representations to the Headquarters of the Imperial Japanese Forces in the Philippines (Locatiol1: Former Army and Navy Club). Life, property and interests of those no~represented cannot be guaranteed. (1) Manufacturers and daalers in arms, ammunition and foodstuffs. (2) Man'Ufacturers of grains, sugar, ice, textile's, etc. (3) Dealers in and manufacturers of petroleDm products (gasoline, benzine, diesel oil, etc.), iron, manganese, copper, chrome, coal, metal and nonmetal minerals. (4) Warehouses, transportation ami communication, press organizations (newspapers, broadcasting, etc.), etc. (5) All public utilities, including water-works, electricity, gas, health and sarutation, etc. (6) Banking and finance. (7) All pastries, farms, dairies ami forestry business. (8) Makers of and dealers in medical and sarutary supplies. COMMANDER-IN-CHIEF, THE IMPERIAL JAPANESE FORCES

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NOTIFICATION (January 6, 1942) TO THE THIRD-PARTY PEOPLE CONCERNING THE REGISTRATION: The Japanese Army will accept applications for the registration of third party citizens in accordance with the proclamation on Jan. 3, 1942, as follows: (1) PLACE-Bay View Hotel (2) DATE-Jan. 7, 8 and 9, 1942, from 9 a . m. to 4 p. m. Those who fail to register during t hese three days shall lose the privilege as third party citizens. COMMANDER-IN-CHIEF, THE IMPERIAL JAPANESE FORCES

NOTE :-Applicants are required to pl'esent their passports and those of their families. NOTIFICATION (January 10, 1942) It is a matt l' of urgency that good mutual relations be maintained during the period of the present military operations and the establishmerrt of military admini~tration between the Japanese Military Authorities, Japa nese residents, th~ people of the Philippines, and the nationals of frierrdly third-party powers. T ' s relation is desir ed in order that effective cooperation be facilitated to promote the general welfare. A Liaison Office has, therefore, been established for the purpose of providing intercommunication between the Japanese Forces and the non-military parties. Inasmuch as this office will be opened at the Headquarters of the JAPANESE MILITARY ADMINIST.RATION, located on the premises of the former H eadquartel's of the Philippine Army, as from January 10, 1942, it is desired that this office be used to the maximum for effecti ng close contact aOO cooperation . Hereafter, all communications, information, r eports, petitions and complaints will be received at this office where due attention will be given. Applications to the LIAISON OFFICE should be made as follows: (a) Matters for transmittal shall be written' on specified application forms and presented to the officer in charge. (The specified forms are available at the office.) (b) The office hours will be from 9:30 a. m. to 4 :00 p. m. In sp'ecial instances, however, urgent matters may be taken up at other hours. OFFICE OF JAPANESE MILITARY ADMINISTRATION

NOTIFICATION (January 10, 1942) It is the wish of the Imperial Japanese Forces that the normal conditions

in business and finance be restored as soon as possible.

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Accordingly, all


Japanese, Filipino and other people's businesses, except those which have been confiscated or bartned by the Japanese forces as enemy properties, are advised to reopen immediately and co-operate ,vith the authorities. The regulations concerrring the transactions of business will be announced later but for the time being all profiteering, buying up and refusal of sales at reasonable price will be strictly puttished in accordance with the provisions of the Martial Law. COMMANDER-IN-CHIEF THE IMPERIAL JAPANESE FORCES

NOTIFICATION (J anuary 20, 1942) The Provincial Governors who are l1'Ow residing in Mattila City are ,路equested to pres.nt themselves at the office of the Japanese Military Administration . There are some Provincial Governors who evacuated to Manila due to the outbreak of war. Orders have already been given to the Provincial Governors of Pangasirran , Tayabas, Pampanga, Laguna and Bulacan to return to their respective Provinces and commence the functions of the Government. Those Provincial Governors who are still stayi ng in Manila are requested to present themselves immediately to the of ice of the Japanoese Military Administration and to get instructions from the. Japanese Army. (2) Pennission i required to reopen schools. One who wants to reopen any Primary school, High school, College, or University is requested to get permission from the Japanese Military Ad路 ministration . OFFICE OF .JAPANESE MILITARY ADMINISTRATION (1)

NOTIFTCATIOK (January 24, 1942) . All coast and geodetic survey employee are required to report at the Philippine Columbian Club on Monday morning at 8:00 a. m. Assistant Director Antonio G. Perez will be present. All keys necessary must, ther eon, be brought to the office. THE HEADQUARTERS OF THE JAPANESE ARMY

NOTIFTCA TIO

I

(February 7, 1942) The liaison office of the Japanese military admirristration has been accepting all kinds of applications, managing matters and giving adequate leads

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for the interest of citizens of Manila since the Japanese Imperial Forces eJ1tered the city. But now public order has been restored and the Philippine exeootive organization has been completed and has begun to perform its duties. In view of the above conditions, the liaison office of the Japanese' Military Administration will be discontinued as of February 9, 1942. On and after this date the applications of public citizens will be accepted at the office of the City Hall and it is hoped that those who waJ1t to make applications ,vill do so through the City Hall. This application ,viII be routed to the pl'oper Japanese military authorities. However, urgent matters should be taken up direct with the proper military authorities. The following is a classification guide in making urgent reports or applications: 1. The dvision of the Japanese military administration: Concerning matters of political affairs, enemy property, seals, industry and trade, communication, traffic, correspondence, and circulation of money. 2. The Japanese Military Defense Headquarters in Greater Manila: con'Cerning matters of public peace and defense. 3. The Jap nese Military Police: concerning matters of military and police affairs. 4. The Special Mission of the Japanese Army: concerning matters of political affairs in Greater Manila. OFFICE OF JAPANESE MILITARY ADMINISTRATION

NOTIFICATION (Febl'uary 19, 1942) CASH PRIZES FOR SURRENDER OF FIREARMS OR AMMUNITION Persons possessing ill'iormation or have arms to give up are to present themselves to the Japanese milital'y authorities at the Philippine Refining Company, in Paco, near the Manila Gas Corporation, which is open day and night. Prizes ,vill be paid only after the articles have been l'eceived by the authorities, In this connection, the military authorities have prepared a list of arms and ammunition wanted, Financial consideration will also be given to anyone turning in SC1'ap iron or other metals alld optical instruments. The following are the prizes to be awarded for each article pointed out or turned in: FIn' [n/o,'- Turned mation In P 0.30 P 1.00 Pistol"."."., ........ , ...... , ....... . Rifle."., .... , . . . .. , .. ..... , ....... . " . 1.00 .30 3.00 Light machine gUI1 1.00

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Heavy machine gun .................... . 100 bullets for above ........ ......... .. . Trench mortar ...................•...... Field gun ............................. . 1 shell for above ...... ... . ............. . 100 kgs. of iron or other scrap metal ... .

P 1.00

.20 1.00 2.00 .05

P 5.00 1.00 3.00 10.00 .05 .05

Optical instruments-Prizes to be determined accol'ding to nature and condition of instrument. HEADQUARTERS OF THE IMPERIAL J AP ANESE FORCES

(J anuary 23, 1942)

ORDER NO. I

From the Commander-in-Chief of the Impel'ial Japanese Forces in th'" Philippines. To Mr. Jorge B. Vargas. 1. You, Mr. JOl"ge B. Vargas, shall be the head of the central administrative organization-"Chairman of the Executive Commission," - arrd shall proceed to the immediate coordination of the existing central administrative organs in the Philippines, and to the execution of the administration under the commands and orders of the Commander-in-Chief of the Imperial Japanese Forces. 2. The co-ordination of t he existing central administrative orgal1'S shall be effected according to the following rules: a. The "Chairman of the Executive Commission" shall keep necessary offices under his direct control. b. The central administrative organs shall be reconstituted into six departments, viz., Interior; Finance; Justice; Agriculture and Commerce; Education, Health and Public Welfal'e; and Public Works and Communications. Each department shall have at its head a "Commissiol1'er," who sh all execute an administration within his jurisdiction under the control of the "Chairman of the Executive Commission." Each department shall have a Japanese adviser and Japanese assistarrt advisers. 3. The Commander-in-Chief of the Imperial Japanese Forces shall exercise jurisdiction over judicial courts. 4. A "Commissioner" for each department constituting the central administrative organization shall ~e appointed on your recommendation by the Commander-in-Chief of the Imperial Japanese Forces. As "egards the appointments of other important officials, including chiefs of the offices under the direct control of the "Chairman of the Executive Commission" and chiefs of local administrative organs, you shall have the approval of the Commander-in-Chief of the Imperial Japanese Forces.

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5. The systems and constitutions of the departments of the central administrative organization and of jurucial courts shall gerterally be based upon what have existed hitherto, provided that their outlines be approved by the Commander-in-Chief of the Imperial Japanese Forces. Any important change in the above-mentioned systems arrd constitutions shall be effected in conformity with the foregoing paragraph. 6. In t he execution of administration, the foremost importance shall be given to the demands of the Imperial Japanese Forces and in the immediate re-establishmertt of peace and order; and "Chairman of the Executive Commission" and the "Commissioners" of the departments shall comply with the orders of the Commander-in-Chief of the Imperial Japanese Forces regal路ding any important matters. 7. The systems arid constitutions of local administrative organs shall generally be based upon what existed hitherto. COMMANDER--IN-CHIEF OF THE IMPERIAL J APANESE FORCES IN THE PHILIPPINES.

(TRANSLATION) (February 28, 1942) MILITARY ORDINANCE NO.9

ORDER CONCERNING THE PROHIBITION OF TRANEiPORTATION OF ALL WATERCRAFT IN THE MANILA BAY DURING NIGHT TIME All kinds of watercraft are, hereafter, strictly prohibited from operating, whether for fishing, navigation or in any other form or manner whatsoever, in the Manila Bay during night time (from 7 :00 p. m. to daWT1 ne>.i: morning) for the time being. Anyone who violates the above regulation shall be punished severely in accordRnce with the Japanese Military Law. CO MMANDER-IN-CHIEF, THE IMPERIAL .JAPANESE FORCES

COMMANDER-IN-CHIEF SENDS GREETINGS ON FOUNDATION DAY (February 11, 1942) TO ALL OUR PHILIPPINE BRETHREN: Today we celebrate the Foundation Day Kigensetsu - of the Great Japanese Empire with you, our Filipino brothers. This naturally gives u s great honor and a deep sznse of happiness. The founder of our nation, the Great Emperor Jimmu, since the beginning, built the country in the spirit of Hakko-ichiu, which has always pre-

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vailed through a history of 2,602 years. We are deeply gratified to have found a people possessed with the same high ideals imbued in us by our founders. We remember on this day that you OUr brothers have long suffered without realizing ,your yearnings for indepeOOence, your natural aspiration to be free from oppression and the tyranny of the white people. The American influence which has thoroughly saturated the entire Philippines will rtow be completely removed, so that you may freely return to the natural life of an oriental people, thus realizing the ideal of the Philippines for the Filipinos. You should find in this event the best opportunity for a new life. Let us be' thankful to our ancestol路S. We must look into the eternal course of history aOO recognize the reality of life. . This auspicious day of the Founding of the Empire of Japan augurs a new era for the Philippines. The day on which the ideals of Japan begins to be realized marks the time when the newly-born Philippines makes its first step. We feel the deep significance of this aU5picious occasion, celebrated at the outset of the Greater East Asia war. All our brothers in the Philippines, we sincel'ely hope, would from this day make vast strides. COMMANDER-IN-CHIEF OF IMPERIAL JAPANESE FORCES IN THE PHILIPPINES

SIGNIFICANCE OF FALL OF SINGAPORE GIVEN (February 16, 1942) TO ALL THE ASIATIC PEOPLES: Singapore, which England had boasted to the world as an impregnable fortress, has succumbed to the inexorable and crushing trip-hammer-like onslaught of the Imperial Japanese Forces. And with the fall of this fortress Hongkong having been captured and occupied by the Japanese long agoEngland has lost her last stronghold in the Far East. The fall of Singapore does not only sigll'iiy the downfall of Anglo-Saxon powers in the Far East, but it is also a significant and epoch-making event in the history of the world because the Oriental peoples who have long been subjugated by the Anglo-Americall'-Dutch combine, have at last arrived at the threshold of freedom and independence. You Filipinos, Burmese, Indians, Indonesians, and Malayans, must wake up and realize the blessill'gS which this event has bestowed unto you. Stand up and face ,vithout fear the sacred duty of grasping without any hesitation this God-given opportunity which may never come again. Stand up and, with ,y.our national pride and vigorous spirit, co-operate in the creation of a New Asia for the Asiatics. For the true purpose of Japan in the prosecution of the present war in the South Pacific, as we have already told you time and again in the past, is to drive away the evil Anglo-American-Dutch influences irt this sphere and thus make Asia a belter place to live in for the Asiatics.

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We have no intentiol1 of conquering any Asiatic people, nor do we have any tenitorial desire on any Oriental nation. Th'e be'st proof of this state· ment has already been made before the steady gaze of all the countries of the world in actual deed in Mall'Chukuo, New China, Indo·China, Thailand, and other countries who had realized the true meaning of Japan's mission in the Far East. All of you Asiatic peoples, must therefore realize that here is your best opportunity to achieve the freedom and independence which \you have so loll'g desired. Stand up with the high pride of your history. tradition and fatherland. As long as you reciprocate accol'dingly, the Japa. nese forces will help you in establishing an Asia for the Asiatics in your part of the Ori ent. But if you fail to understand the true and lofty purpose of Japarr, and instead obstruct the successful prosecution of the military activities and tactics of the Imperial Japanese Forces, whoever you are, we shall come and crush you with our might and power, and thus compel you to realize by means of force the true significance and meaning of our mission ill the F a I' E ast. COMMANDER·IN·CHIEF OF THE IMPERIAL JAPANESE FORCES IN THE PHILIPPINES.

MINUTES OF THE INTERVIEW BETWEEN THE REPRESENTATIVE OF THE IMPERIAL JAPANESE FORCES AND MR. VARGAS, MAYOR OF THE CITY OF GREATER MANILA, ON JANUARY 7TH , THE 17TH YEAR OF SHOWA (1942) AT THE HEADQUAR. TERS OF THE IMPERIAL JAPANESE FORCES, MANILA. The r epresentative of the Imperial Japanese Forces stated that the Com. mander·in-chief of the Imperial Japanese Forces declared the occupation of the City of Greater Manila and proclaimed the Military Administration over the said ci ty on J a nuary the 3rd, the 17th year of Showa (1942), and de. manded tha t Mr. Jorge B. Vargas, the Mayor of the City of Greater Manna, perform th e following : 1. The maiJlrena nce of peace and order, and restoration of public utili. ties such a s transportation , communication, gas, electric light, water, sanitary, hos pital and fire services; (It is ull'derstood that the above· mentioned public utilities are numerative and not comprehensive.) 2. Control and regulation of movement of goods from and into the City of Grea tel' Manila, as well as inside the city for the purpose' of securing the supply of goods both to the Imperial Japanese Forces and to the residents in the city; 3. Supe'rvi sion of the national s of enemy countries and also any na. tionals who have committed or may commit hostile acts against the Empire of Japan; 4. Supply of labor, materials and resources and consent to the use of various installations and facilities needed by the Imperial Japanese Forces;

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5.

Surrender of all firearms and ammunitioI1S possessed by public officials and residents in the City of Greater Manila excepting those the holding of which have been permitted by the Imperial Japanese Military Autholities; 6. Continuance of relief work; and T. Acceptance of Japanese directol's and experts in the general administration and for the maintenance of peace an'd order of the City of Greater Manila. Mr. Vargas stated in reply that he recognized the occupation of the City of Greater Manila by the Imperial Japanese Forces and he was ready to submit to the Military Administration arid to comply. with the aforesaid demands. On taking note of the statement of Mr. Vargas, the representative of the Imperial Japanese Forces declared that he would approve the continuance of status and authority of Mr. Vargas as the Mayor of the City of Greater Manila arrd that it was the intention of the Imperial Japanese Forces to accord to all officials under him and citizens the following, provided that they would not commit any hostile act against the Empire of Japan nor act in any way whatever to serve the interest of en-emy countries: 1. Recognition of status and authority of officials; 2. Protection of life and property; 3. Free worship of religion; and 4. Recognition of the existin'g laws an\l orders as well as customs and usages, excepting those incompatible with the new situation. As to the details of the duty of cal'l'ying out the afore-mentioned demands, the representative of the Imperial Japanese Forces stated that it would be necessary to cOl1'Sult from time to time between the authorities concerned of both sides. Mr. Vargas stated that he was gratified to hear such a declal:ation from the representative of the Imperial Japanese Forces, and he was always prepared 00 consult with the authorities concerned of the military administI'ation with a view to making concrete and detailed arrangements. Done in duplicate in Japanese and in English respectively at the Headquarters of the Imperial Japanese Forces, Manila, 011 the 7th day of Januarv of the 17th year of Showa (1942) . .

REPRESENTATIVE OF THE IMPERIAL JAPANESE FORCES

JORGE B. VARGAS MayoI' of G'I'"ate,' Mani la

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Section 2 Affatrs Conceming Department of I1zterior WARNING (January 3, 1942) (1) Anyone who inflicts, or attempts to inflict, an injury upon Japanese soldiers or irl'dividuals shall be shot to death; (2) If the assailan't, or attempted assailant, can not be found, we will hold ten influential persons as hostages who live in and about the' streets or municipalities where the event happened; (3) Officials and influential persons shall pass this warIDI1'g on to citizens of towns and villages as soon as possible and should prevent these crimes before they happen on their own responsibilities; (4) The Filipin'Os should understand our real intentions and should work together with us to maintain public peace and order in the Philippines. COMMANDER OF IMPERIAL JAPANESE FORCES

PROCLAMATION (February 7, 1942) 1. Anyone who wan'ts to print and publish a newspaper, magazine 01' pamphlet, etc., should apply and obtain the permit from the authorities of the Departmen't of Military Administration of the Imperial Japanese Forces, stating clearly the follo\ving items: (1) Obj ect of publication (2) The name or author of the responsible publisher (3) Number of copies to be printed (4) Quality or quantity of the paper to be used (5) The expected date of issuance (6) The name of printing firm 2. At the time of issuance of newspaper, magazine or pamphlet, etc., they should undergo censorship of the authorities of the Department of Military Administration of the Imperial J apanese Forces. 3. The issuance or distribution of the printed matters already printed shall be prohibited for the time being. 4. Anyone who violates any of the above-mentioned provisions sh all be severely purrished in accordance with the Military Laws.

COMMAN DER-IN-CHIEF, THE IMPERIAL JAPANESE FORCES

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(February 17, 1942)

ORDER NO.2 Mr. Jorge B. Vargas. Chairman of the Executive Commission of the Philippines, Manila.

O,路de,. concenting the Basic p ,";nciples of education in the Philippines. In compliance with the following pril1'Ciples, utmost efforts should be made to renovate education in the Philippine . (1) To make the people understand the position of the Philippines as a member of the East Asia Co-prosperity Sphere, the true meaning of the estahlishment of a New Order in the Sphere and the share which the Philippines should take for the realization of the New Ord~r, and thus to promote friendly relations between Japan and the Philippirres to the furthes t extent. (2) To eradicate the old idea of the reliance upon the Western nations, especially upon the U. S. A. a nd Great Britain, and to foster a New Irilipino culture based on t he self-consciousness of the people as Orientals. (3) To el1deavor to elevate the morals of the people, giving up overemphasis on materialism. (4) To strive for the diffusion of the Japanese language in the Philippines and to terminate the use of Engli sh in due course. (5) To put importance fu the diffusion of elementary education and to the promotion of vocational education. (6) To inspire the eople with the spirit to love labour.

Note: In order to popularize the Philippine National La nguage Tagalog, proper means should be taken as early as possible, after a study by the Institute of National Language in the Department of Education, H ealth and Public Welfare. COMMANDER-IN-CHIEF OF THE IMPERIAL JAPANESE FORCES IN THE PHILIPPINES.

EXPLANATION The Order denote the basic principles of the educational reform of the Philippines. To make the people understand the position of the Philippines as a member of Greater East Asia Coprosperity Sphere and to lead the people to take the share for establishing a New Order in the Sphere is the fundamental spirit of education. For thi s purpose, the Order commands that emphasis shall be laid on the diffu sion arrd promotion of elementary and vocational education and

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Japanese and Tagalog languages shall be spread in the Philippines, on the other hand, the old idea of reliance upon the U.S.A. and Great Britain shall be eradicated and, as Orientals, the Filipirros should elevate morals, think highly of labour and cure the overemphasis on materialism.

INSTRUCTION NO. 2 Commissionel' of Education, H ealth and Public Welfare.

(February 18, 1942)

Concerning the l'eopening of schools in the Philippines, the following rules shall be complied with and all necessary preparations shall be made as soon as possible in accordance therewith. (1) Prior to the reopening of schools, the new educational principles which the Commander-in-Chief of the Imperial J apadese Forces in the Philippines instructed to the Chairman of the Executive Commission shall be fully understood by the principals, teachers and other school authorities concerned, who shall pledge themselves to strictly observe the said principles. (2) Students and pupils shall be taught in accordance with the spirit of the above mentioned principles throughout the courses of instl路uction. (3) New text-booh~ shall be compiled in the near future, in order to meet with the changed circumstances, put fOr the time being the old ones shall be ermitted for the purpose of instruction after improper and uns\7itable parts of them being elimitrated by the Textbook Examining Committee, consisting of Japanese and Filipino experts. (4) Permission for l'e-opening school s shall be given irr conformity with the following order: (a) Reopenil1'g shall be started with the elementary, and be gradually extended to the higher grades. (b) Amon'g higher gl'ade institutions, normal schools, vocational school s, and those of natural sciences, that is, agriculture, fisheries, med icine, engineering, etc., shall be firstly reopened. (c) Govemment and public schools shall be reopened earlier than private schools. (d) Schools, administered or owned by the Chinese Or any other hostile nationals shall not be reopened until further instructions. Proper consideration shall be given to the tl'ansfer of the students and pupils of these schools to others. (5) When a ny school is reopened or pel'mitted to be reopened the report of all particulars shall be submitted to the Chief of the Japanese Military Administration. DIRECTOR-GENERAL OF THE JAPANESE MILITARY ADMINISTRATION.

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EXPLANATION The instruction prescrihes measures concerning the reopening of schools in the Philippines and they may be summarized as follows: 1. The new educational principles (Order No.2) shall be understood al1'd realized thoroughly not only by teachers and students but also by authorities concerned. 2. For the time being, the old textbooks shall be permitted for the purpose of instruction after being examined by the Textbook Examining Committee. 3. Reopening order is as follows: From elementary to higher grades, From public to private schools, From vocational to general schools.

(TRA SLATTON.) (Feb. 22nd, 1942)

Mr. Claro M. Recto Commissioner of Education, Health and Public Welfare Manila.

INSTRUCTION.. CONCERNING THE ESTABLISHMENT OF THE EMPLOYMENT OFFICE. In order to help the unemployed to get job, an employment office must be established as soon as possible according to the following: 1. The district: Within the boundary of Greater Manila. 2. The Orgarrization: The office must be established in Greater Manila under the direct !lupervision of the Education, Health and Public Welfare Dept. 3. The function: The office must take charge of the registration of the unemployed according to their reports, and help them to find jobs by accepting the applications for laborers from enterprisers, public or private. 4. The wages: (1) The standard: (a) General laborers. Man ............ Daily wages ...•. .... . PO.SO Woman ......... Daily wages ........... PO.60 (b) Carpenter, plumber, 01' artisan. Daily wages .............. from 1'1.50 to 1'1.70 (c) Skille'd mechan'ic Daily wages ............................. , 1'2.00 The above-mentioned are the standard wages of eight-hour labor in

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Greater Ma nila, a nd for ever yone hour over ti me PO.] 0 a ddi tional mus t be paid. Outside of Greater Manila the wages must be 80 0/0 of t hose in Greater Ma nil a. (2) The method of t he enforcement of the preceding wages: The preceding standa rd of wages shall be applied to the laborer s who a re employed through the a g ency of the office. This must be done under the guida nce of t he office, but not by a ny la ws 01' r egulations. 5. Th e ex isting la bor acts (for irrstance, the eight-hou r law ) s ha ll not be avail abl e a ny morc. DI RE CTOR-GENERAL OF THE MILITARY ADMINISTRATION, MANILA

I N ST RUC T ION )[0 . 5. CONCERN I N G THE ESTABLISH MENT OF THE EMPLOYMENT OFFICE. EX PLANATION ' In order to regula t e the dem a nd a nd supply of la bor a nd a t the same time to help t he u,\employed to get jobs, it has been decided to ~stabli sh an employment of f ice in t he City of Grea l' Ma nila U1tder the di rect supervi sion of t he E ducation, Health a nd Public Welfare Department. The office' sha ll tak e cha rge of the regi stra tion of the unemployed aca nd help them f ind jobs by accepting applicatiorrs cor ding to t heir repo} for la borers from enterpr isers, public 0 1' private. The wages of the laborer s who are employe<! through the agency of the office must be the fi xed ones. And this must be put in practice for the gui da nce of t h. office.

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Section 3. Affatrs Conceming Department of C07n1n1tnicatiotls PROCLAMA TION (JaI1'Uary 9, 1942) All the residents of the Philippine Islaltds are prohibited from using amateur radio stations, irrespective of the nationality of the owner thereof. 2. All the owners of amateur "adio stations are requested to register at the Headquarters of the Japanese Impel'ial Forces at the Elk's Club, Manila. 3. Those who violate the above order ,viII be severely punished. 1.

COMMANDER-IN-CHIEF, THE IMPERIAL JAPANESE FORCES

PROCLAMATION (January 14, 1942) The proclamation issued by the Commander-in-Chief of the J a pall'~se Army concerning the restriction of the use of automohiles, gasoline, etc., by the residents of Greater Manila is as follows: ARTICLE 1 All automobiles, including trucks, taxis, buses, auto-calesas, motorcycles and other vehicles which use gasoline, are forbiddelt to operate on and after January 17, 1942, except those listed below which may operate if sanctioned by the Department of Administration of the Japanese Army: 1. Those which are used by the government 01' municipality. 2. Those which are used by consuls of third party nation'S. 3. Those which are !Used for the transportation of articles of prime necessity. 4. Buses which are used for public transportation. 5. Those which are used by newspapers and news agencies for their information or liaison. 6. Those which are used for the trall'Sportation of patients or by physicians visiting their patients. 7. Those other than above mentioned ones, which are considered necessary by the Department of Administration of the Japanese Army. ARTICLE 2 Applications for licen'Se for the above-mentioned vehicles should be pre. sented to the Department of Admini stration of the Japanese Army located

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at the former headquarters of the Philippine Army, on P . Burgos street, through their representatives or their procurators as follows: Vehicles falling under Par. 1 of Article I-through the chiefs of the respective offices or bureaus. Under Par. 2-through representatives of the diplomatic C01路PS. Under Par. 3-through represerltatives recognized by the' Mayor of Greater Manila. Under Par. 4-through the propri etor of the enterprise. U nder P ar. 5-thrO'ugh the chief editol路. Under Par. 6-through representatives recognized by the Mayor of Greater Manila. Under Par. 7-through representatives of legal p ersons or ins titutions. The period of application for license is January 15 and 16, 1942, from 9 a. m. to 4 P. m. ARTICLE 3 Those who possess or have in custody, in behalf of the possessor, gasoline and lublicating oil, should report by January 20 the quantity of stock thereof as on Janual'y 15, 1942, to the municipal office of ManUa . AR'rICLE 4 Buying and selling, givin'g a nd receiving, or transporting gasoline and lubricating oil except those which are sanctioned by the Dep'V'tment of Administration of the Japanese Army is prohibited for the t ime being, on and after January 15, 942. ARTICLE 5 Arty person falli ng under a ny of the categories mentioned below should report to the municipal office of Manil a before January 31, 1942: 1. The possessor 01' occupants of one 01' more automobiles. 2. The possessor or occupants of automobile tires or spare parts. 3. The possessor or occupants of l'epair s hops and automobile tools. ARTICLE 6 Any person violating Articles 1, 3, 4 and 5 will be r egarded as having committed a hostile act and will be pUll'ished severely. COMMANDER-IN-CHIEF, THE IMPERIAL JAPANESE FORCES

PROCLAMATION (January 22, 1942) Proclamation issued today by the Commander-in-Chief of the Japanese Expeditionary Forces concerning operators of public conveYll-nces: The attention of operator s of vehicles u sed in transporting passengers and goods in the City of Greater Manila is hereby called to the following:

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Those in the City of Greater Manila who make it their business to transport passengers and goods (including drivers of carromatas, calesas, carretelas, carretela-buses or carts but excluding those operating the gaso· line·powered vehicles without permits issued b), the Imperial Japanese Army) will be given full protection and help by the Impel'ial Japanese Forces. It is, therefore, urged that all the above·mentioned operators who have not yet resumed their business should do so at once and endeavor to serve the needs of th~ pUblic. COMMANDER·IN·CHIEF, THE IMPERIAL JAPANESE FORCES

PROCLAMA TION (J amary 31, 1942) All wireless telegraph and telephone communications, except those which are given permission by the Japanese Forces, are hereby absolutely prohibited. 2. All wireless apparatus, owned and operated by individuals, corporations and the government, except radio receivers, havin'g no special permit from the Japanese ~orces must be submitted to the Department of Military Administration, Transportation Division, on 01' before February 3, 1942. In case of inability to submit the appal'atus due to its weight, the report of the same lTllUst be sub itted for f u rther iIrstruction from the Military Ad· ministration, Transportation Division. 3. AI1 "antenna" must be removed at once. 4. It is only permitted to use radio receivel's with ordinary electric wire, AIIty one who violates any of the aforestated regulation'S will be sev· erely punished. COMMANDER·IN·CHIEF, THE IMPERIAL JAPANESE FORCES 1.

FOLLOWING the public's confusion regarding the proclamation issued by the Japanese High Comman<d, and for the benefit of our listeners KZRH the Voice of the Philippirres ,vi shes to clear up each point of the ;roclama: tion as follows: 1. ALL WIRELESS TELEGRAPH AND TELEPHONE COMMUNICA. TIONS, EXCEPT THOSE GIVEN PERMISSION BY THE JAPANESE HIGH COMMAND ARE ABSOLUTELY PROHIBITED. This means that all wireless telegraph 0,· radio.telephones are not allowed. Ordinary household or office telephones, however, are NOT REFERRED TO and their usual use is PERMITTED. Telephone owners and businessmen, at the same time are CAUTIONED agaiIrst allowing strangers to use their telephones, so that they may avoid being iI1Volved in espionage activities punishable by death.

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2. ALL WIRELESS APPARATUS, OWNED AND OPERATED BY INDIVIDUALS, CORPORATIONS AND THE GOVERNMENT, EXCEPT RADIO RECEIVERS HAVING SPECIAL PERMITS FROM THE JAPANESE FORCES MUST BE SUBMITTED TO THE DEPARTMENT OF MILITARY ADMINISTRATION, TRANSPORTATION DIVISION (Formerly the Army and NaV3' Club on' the Luneta) ON OR BEFORE FEBRUARY 3, 1942. IN CASE OF INABILITY TO SUBMIT THE APPARATUS DUE TO ITS WEIGHT, THE REPORT OF THE SAME MUST BE SUBMITTED FOR FURTHER INSTRUCTION FROM THE MILITARY ADMINISTRATION. This covers wireless telegraph or radio transmitting sets without any special permit from the high command. But this does not refer to the ordinary radio receiving sets in the houses or other places u sed for tuning in on radio programs. 3. ALL ANTENNAE MUST BE REMOVED AT ONCE. This covers all r a dio antel1'l1ae on poles a nd rooftops but NOT the ordinary antennae wiri ng conll1ected to the household radio set and strung around the r oom or outside the window. Radio set owners are GIVEN PE}RMISSION to use ordinary an'tennae inside the hou s~ or outside the wirulow. With such antennae, yau can get good reception particularly longwave broadcasts as provided for by this station.

NOTIFICA TION (January 10, 1942) All employees of Manila Railroad Company are urged to assemble at Tutuban Station (Ton'do Central Office ) on the morning of January 15, 1942, and receive insn'1lction from the Japanese Army Authorities. COMMANDER-IN-CHIEF OF THE IMPERIAL JAPANESE FORCES

NOTIFICATION (January 20, 1942) All employees a nd laborers of the Caloocan plant of the Manila Railroad Company are requested to present themselves at the Caloocan shops 011 the morning of J a nuary 23, 1942. It is the intention of the Japanese Army to re'pair the shops of the Manila Railroad Company at Caloocan under the supervisioll of the Chief of the Department of Communication of the Japanese Military Administration. DIRECTOR-GENERAL OF THE MILITARY ADMINISTRATION

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NOTIFICA TION (January 24, 1942) All men working in the Bureau of Public Works and Communications, dredges, launches and derricks will please report on Monday, January 26, at 9 :00 s. m. in front of the Post Office building. Director Vicente Fragante is expected to be there.

COMMANDER-IN-CHIEF OF THE IMPERIAL JAPANESE FORCES January 28, 1942)

ReferelllOe is made to the Notification of January 14th, 1942, governing the driving of automobiles within Greater Manila: No automobiles except those authorized by the said Notification are permitted within Greater Manila. Drivers authorized must have their permits and their vehicles must display the marking of the pennit. In view of the fact that there are certain vehicles outside Greater Manila that may need to enter Greater Manila for the purpose of transporting matelials essential for daily life, the following regulation sll-all be applied to the trucks, service cars, or jitneys transp01ting essential materials for life erlteling Greater Manila: Vehicles of the above-mentioned categories will be plastered with a mark of temporary permit on the windshield by the Japanese Military Official of the inspecting office at the ell trance of Greate,路 Manila. When the term of the temporary permit ~ires, it is ,路cquired that the mark should be immediately removed from tH,e windshield of the vehicle and destroyed. Anyone who continues to use the mark of the temporary permjt after the term of the permit has expired, or violates the present ,路egulation, shall be severely punished. OFFICE OF THE JAPANESE MILITARY ADMINISTRATION

NOTIFICATION (January 29, 1942) All telegraph and radio-telegraph operators ant! engineers (including constructors and lil1emen) of the Bureau of Posts, and telegraph companies such as R.C.A., Mackay Radio, Globe Wireless, Commercial Pacific Cable and Eastern Ex. Aus. & China are commanded by the Dept. of Military Administration of Imperial Japanese Military Forces to meet the Director of Posts at the premises of the said Bureau n'ear the Police Traffic Station between the hours of 9 a. m. and 12 a. m. and 2 p. m. and 4 p. m., during the peHod January 31 to February 3, 1942. Those reading this notice who know where their co-employees live should advise them of this call. OFFICE OF THE JAPANESE MILITARY ADMINISTRA TION

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NOTIFICA TION (February 1, 1942) In ordEll' to reopen the Caloocal1 shop of the Manila Railroad Company, former employees of the same who worked as follows are hereby wanted: Motor and electrical me'n, carpenters, dl'aftsmen, tinsmith, construction men, lathe-men, clerks of warehouses. Employee$ who wish to work are requested to report at the Caloocan shop on or before February 6, 1942, at 10 A. M. COMMANDER, RAILWAY BATTALION, THE IMPERIAL J AP ANESE FORCES

NOTIFICATION (February 8, 1942) We }Vant several divel's in order to l'econstruct the railroad bridges. Applicants are requested to visit the Caloocan railroad shop on February 10 until 10 o'clock a. m. Those who possess diving-appal'atus are advised to bring them to tbe shop. COMMANDER, RAILWAY BATTALION OF THE IMPERIAL J AP ANESE FORCES

NOTIFICATION (February 16, 1942) The railroad transportation between Manila and San Fernando, Pampanga, is to resume operation beginning February 17th under the management of the Railroad Corps of the Japanese Imperial Army. Any person possessing an application issued by the' commander of the 'respective Japanese troops or by the chief of the Traffic Division of the Military Administration office will be accepted and will entitle the holder to be given a ticket at any station for the trip. No fare is required for the time being. Time-table and the station'S where the trains stop are as follows: LEA VE ARRIVE LEA V'E ARRIVE MANILA SAN FERNANDO SAN FERNANDO MANILA 11:41 a. m. 9:29 a. m. 12:11 p. m. 9:00 a. m. 11:20 a . m. 3:60 p. m. 6:16 p. m. 12:00 noon 7:02 p. m. 4:45 p. m. 7:26 p. m. 4:20 p. m. Caloocan, Bocaue, Bigaa, Malolos, Apalit. DIRECTOR-GENERAL OF THE MILITARY ADMINISTRATION

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NOTIFICATION (February 27, 1942) Ex-employees of the Manila Railroad Co. who have ever served under herein mentioned services are wanted. Anyone who desires to return to the post is required to come to the Manila Central Station on March 1, at 10 o'clock in the morning, bringing with him certain certificates enough to pl'ove his expe路riences. 1. Locomotive drivel路s. Assistam drivers of locomotive. 2. Linemen. 3. Station employees of the Manila central station, Pandacan station and Paco station, respectively. THE RAILROAD CORPS OF THE IMPERIAL JAPANESE ARMY COMMANDER, RAILWAY BATTALION OF THE IMPERIAL JAPANESE FORCES

ORDER NO.4 (Translation) (February 21, 1942) To MR. JORGE B. VARGAS, CHAIRMAN OF THE EXECUTIVE COMMISSION OF THE PHILIPPINES.

ORDER CONCERNING THE RFlOPENING OF' POSTAL ADMINISTRATION IN THE PHILIPPINES. Postal administration (mails, postal money ol'der and postal savings bank) should be goverll'ed, for the time being, in accordance with the following rules: The management of the postal administration shall be so directed as to comply with those requirements necessary for the military operation of the Imperial Japanese Forces, for the restoration of peace and order for the stabilization of civilian livelihood an'CI fOl' establishing the ways and means for the full exploitation of importarrt natural resources. 2. The former system of postal administration is to be continued in prin~iple, with a certain degree of modification to meet with the actual situation. 3. The' Imperial Japanese Forces may, if necessary, appoint superintendents and attach them to appropriate offices. 4. A system of censorship should be established in certain post offices under the gui<;lance of the Japanese Military Police, an'CI all postal matters shduld in principle be subjected to censorship. 1.

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5. 6.

7.

Postal charges as well as rates of interest on postal saving. shall be, for the time being same as hitherto. Before reopening the services of postal money order and the saviJtgs bank, necessary preparations such as setting a limit in the amount of money to be withdrawn. shall be made in order to smoothly carry out the work. As to the details which are necessary for hal1dling the postal administration, you shall be notified separately.

COMMANDER-IN-CHIEF OF THE IMPERIAL JAPANESE FORCES IN THE PHILIPPINES.

INSTRUCTION No. I (February 14, 1942) Commissiol1'er of Communications and Public Works of the Executive Commission of the Philippine Islands.

Re: Cont1'ol of t,路a718po,路tation rateB. In order to control fares of various means of transportation, caused by the limitation of automobile transportation, and also as a means to relieve the congestion in passenger traffic, it is instructed that you will make the following arrangement . As to the supervision provided for in Section 5 herein stated, when 1;OU find the cooperation of our Military Police necessary for the enforcement of same, we request that you will advise us at such times. 1. The freight and passenger fares of any Vehicle shall be, for the time being, and in principle, on pre-war level. Provided, howeve1', that you may contin'ue to enforce the tariff rate published by the Philippine Administration or any municipal government if it has been promulgated after the beginning of the war. 2. The tariff of fares, which shall be set up according to the preceding section and in compliance with the Iollo\ving rules, shall be presented to the Transportation Dept. of the Military Administration Office. a. Tramways: To maintain the pre-war level. b. Cal'1'omata, calesa and cal'retela: Standard fares by distance or by the length of time are to be fixed on the pre-war basis. Gratuity is to be prohibited. c. Auto Bus (including auto calesa, carretela bus, and such like): To maintain the pre-war level, however, the in'crease of the minimum fare, the shortening of travelling distance for the minimum fare or the abolition of the minimum fare shall be considere'd as a means of suppressing the short passengers. d. Others (including automobiles of various kinds and all other vehicles not included in the paragraphs a. to c.): Standard tariff to be fixed on the basis of the preceding paragt路aphs.

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3. If it is found out that it is difficult to keep up such transp<>rtatiorr business smoothly and efficiently with the fares provided for in the above Sections, due to the' rise in the pl·ice of fuel, grease and parts, necessary for running ami maintenance of such vehicles, or in the price of other necessary equipments therefore, or of the expenses for the maintenance and repairs, you shall prepare a dl·aft of revised tariff and present same to the Transportation Dept. for approval. 4. Reorganization or amalgamation of corporations ami firms shall be considered for the rationalization and efficient working of all the means of transportation, and for the strict enforcement of the regulated freight and fare rates. When such plans are made, their outlines shall be previously submitted to the Transportatior/ Dept. for appl·oval. 5. The freight and fare rates fixe<! under Section 2, and other matters relating thereto, shall, by mean s of administrative notifications or any other effective and proper means, be made thoroughly known to the public and the parties directly concerned, and the violation of the regulations shall be preverlte'd through self-restraint of the public. At the same time, all necessary measures of supervision shall be taken for the strict enforcement of the regulations and any person who violates the regulations shall be punishe'd. It is further necessary to supervise t hose chauffeurs and others who, without proper reasons, refuse requirements of would-be passengers or of those who desire to utilize vehicles. 6. Rules laid out in th~ present Instruction shall, for the time being, be enforced in Greate' Manila and its surroumlings and shall be gradually extended to other distrlcts. DIRECTOR GENERAL OF THE MILITARY ADMINISTRATION

(Februart 17, 1942) INSTRUCTION NO.3 THE COMMISSIONER OF THE DEPARTMENT OF PUBLIC WORKS AND COMMUNICATIONS, THE PHILIPPINE EXECUTIVE COMMISSION.

Re: Reuist1·ati01t Repm·t of Water Tra?l~pOl·tation Facilities in Philil'pines With the obj ect of obtaining a complete, n ew record of the condition of all Philippine water trarrsportation facilities, together with the object of keeping the record thus obtained as the basic one to be referred to whenever necessary in regard to the sbipping administration, I beg to request you to attend to the matter of registering all kinds of water transportation facilities ill the Philippines in accordance with the following rules. DIRECTOR GENERAL OF THE MILITARY ADMINISTRATION

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NOTIFICATION Any individual, firm, government office, etc., in the Philippines who owns or administers any kind of watercraft such as steamships, motorboats, launches, lighters, scows, cascos. bancas, etc., located in the Philippine Islan'ds, including those which are being operated by the Japanese Forces, should be notified to the effect that they should submit reports for registration to your Department as promtply as possible. The foregoing registratiolt system does not apply to those foreign vessels which call at Philippine pOI路tS, but to those which have been registeJ'ed at Philippine ports and which do not locate at present in the Philippih'e Islands. 2. To facilitate the submissiol1 of such reports in due course, printed forms will be provided by the Japanese Military Administration Office, the provisional form of which is attached herewith shown as form NO.1 and persons concerned should be advised to accomplish said form. When the contents of the reports have been checked and they are correct, then each item of the said reports should be tJ'anscribed to the corresponding item in the prin.ted form NO.2 ,vith the h<iadlin'e "Certificate for Registration of Watercraft" hich will also be provided by the Japanese Military Administration Office, the provisional form of which is attacbed herewith simply for your reference. The above transcription should be made in duplicate and be written in English. Then they should, together with the origilral report, be submitted to this Department without delay. 3. The Japanese Milita')f Admini tl'ation Office wiJ] certify the report after an inspection giving endorsement to the original of form No.2. Then it will be retul'Iled to your DepartJnent. The said original should be retUIT/ed to and kept by the owner 01' administJ'ator of watercraft. The original registratioll repol路t will also be returned and kept by your Department. 4. You may, when necessary, authorize and order any Provincial government or MuIticipal office to handle, in place of you, the business of receiving registration reports and granting the original of the "Certificate for Registration of Watercraft" to the owners or administrators. In such cases, investigation of and judgmelrt on the original reports shall be done by any Provincial government 01' Municipal office under your responsibility. 5. Owners or administrators of watercraft should be notified by you clearly that if they fail to submit the registration reports herein above required they may neither receive nor be entitled to the protection of the Japanese Forces or the Philippine Government, as a consequence of which they should be asked by you to submit reports as soon as possible. 6. Executive orders shall be, if necessary, issued by you in order to carry out smoothly this fUIl'Ction. 7. This system of registration is intended to cover all over the Philippine Islands, fil'st starting from Manila City and its suburbs and then gradually extending its sphere of application to the provinces as soon as the' Provincial' governments' organizations shall be completed. 1.

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( Form No. 1)

REGISTRATION REPORT OF WATERCRAFT (Fill lip each item in detail)

1.

2. 3. 4. 5.

6. 7.

DATE OF REPORT Day Year Month (a) Name . ....... .. . . . : ............ , Address ...... . . . ....... . and National ity ............â&#x20AC;˘.... .... .......... . of Owner. (b) Nal11e . . .. .. . . ......... . .......... , Address ......... . .. . . . and Nationali ty ..... . .... . ...... .. ........ of Administrator, if arty. Name of Craft ............... .. ... .. .... and the former r egister No. a t the Custom H ouse .................... . .................. . .. . Classification of Craft (See Instruction No.1) ... ...... ... .......... ,. Purpose of operation (See Instruction No.2) ............... . Description of Craft (a) Net tonl'lage .................... (b) Gross tonnage .............. . (c) Dead weigbt ............... .. . .. (d) Cargo capaQity tonnage ..... . (e) Date of construction (Year & Month) .......................... . .â&#x20AC;˘ (f) Make of engine ....... (g) Fuel used, whether coal, oil, etc .. and fuel consumed per hou\' while sailill'g . .... . ...................... . (h) Maxi mum speed ............ (i) P assenger accommodations .. Fonner toute of opeJ''1tion ..................................... . Name, Age, Nationality and position of crew : Name . ... . Age ..... Nationality . . .. . Position ..... (See Not" below) (Note :

If any cre'w holds certificate of skill or proficiency state in detail in parentheses. If necessar)', use extra papers and attach hereto.)

8. State whether craft is damaged or not.

If damaged, deg'!'ee of damage.

9. Place where berthed at present. (See Instruction No.3) .. . ........... . 10. Present quantity of stock of fuel ................ . .................. . 11. Miscellaneous. (See Instruction No.4) INSTRUCTIONS: 1. State if steamship, motorship, motorboat, sa ilboat, launch, lighter, scow, casco, banca, etc. 2. State whether for official use, for fishing, cargo, towing, for passenge,'s, cruises, etc. 3. If place where berthed at present is unknow n, state suspected location and the rea on why present location is not known . 4. If water transportation cl'aft is umler operation of Japane", Forces, describe to that effect under Item 11.

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(Form No.2)

CERTIFICATE FOR REGISTRATION OF WATERCRAFT D ate of Report Month ...... Day .. .... y ear .... . 1. (a) Name ................. .. ...... ···. Address ........ . .... . ..... . and Nationality ......... . ... . . . ........ . . of Owner. (b) Name .. . . . ......... .. .... .. ..... .. .... , Address . ..... ........ . and Nationality ........... . .. . ........ . of Administrator, if a ny. 2. Name of Craft ....... .. ..... . ... . . and the former register No. at tbe Custom House ... . .... ..... . ..... . . . ... . .... .. . . 3. Classification of Craft ........... . ............ . .. . ... . ........ .. .. . . . 4. Purpose of operll tion ... .... ................. . .. .. •.... . ....... . .... . • 5. DescriptioJ1 of (A. aft-(a) Net tonl)aga . . .... . .........•..... . ............ . ....... .. .. (b) Gross to n age ..... . ............. .. . . .. .. . ............ . .. . . (c) Dead weig t ............. . .... . .... . .. . .. . .. ...... ... ..... . (d) Cargo capacity tonnage .................... ...... . . ....... •. (e) Date of construction .... . ... . ...........• .. ...•. ......... . .. (f) Make of engine ............................... . .. . .... .... . (g) Fuel used, wbether coal, oil, etc. and fuel consumed per bour while sailing ...... .. . .. ............ . ...................... . (h) Maximum speed ............ . ........... . . . .. . . . . . ......... . (i)

Passenger accommodatiol1S ..................... .. .......... .

6. Fonner route of ope'ration ..... . ........... . ... . .................... . 7. Name, age, nationality and position of crew: Name

Age

Nationality

Position

(See Note below)

(NOTE: If any crew h<llds certificate of s kill or proficieney, state in detail in parenthese.. If necessary, use extra paper and attacb hereto.)

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THE ABOVE REGISTRATION REPORT IS HEREBY CERTIFIED BY THIS DEPARTMENT ON THIS DATE OF ..................... , 1942. DEPARTMENT OF PUBLIC WORKS AND COMMUNICATIONS Signature WE HEREBY CERTIFY THAT THE ABOVE CRAFT HAS BEEN DULY RECEIVED AND REGISTERED BY THE OFFfCE OF THE DEPARTMENT OF PUBLIC WORKS AND COMMUNICATIONS OF THE PHILIPPINE EXECUTIVE COMMISSION. JAPANESE MILITARY ADMINISTRATION Signature To the holder of this duplicate copy of certificate: Keep this certificate always with you while you are operating the above craft and show it to the Japanese Forces at any time when inspected by them. 8. State whether craft is damaged or not. 9. Place where berthe

If damaged, degree of damage

at Present .... ......... ... ... .... . . ....... .. .. . .

10. Present quantity of stock of fuel .... . ....................... .. .... . 11. Miscellaneous ...................................................... .

INSTRUCTION NO.3 (Februa ry 17, 1942) THE CHAIRMAN, THE PHILIPPINE EXECUTIVE COMMISSION.

Re:

Regist)'ation Repo)路t of Wate)' Transl,ol路tation Facilities in the Philippines

This is to advise you that I have writte.t a letter addressed to the Commissioner of the Public Works and Communications regarding the above subject, copy of which is attached herewith simply for your l路eference. In the above letter I have explahred the newly adopted system of registration of all kinds of water transportation facilities in the Philippines and asked him to handle the business in accordance with the notification referred to il1 the attached copy. DIRECTOR GENERAL OF THE MILITARY ADMINISTRATION

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(TRANSLATION) (February 21, 1942)

INSTRUCTION NO. 4

INSTRUCTION CONCERNING THE REOPENING OF POSTAL ADMINISTRATION IN THE PHILIPPINES COMMISSIONER OF DE PAR T MEN T OF PUBLIC WORKS AND COMMUNICATIONS, THE EXECUTIVE COMMISSION OF THE PHILIPPINES In cormection with the order given by the Commander-in-Chief of the Imperial Japanese Forces to the Chairman of the Executive Commission regarding the subject above-mentioned, you are hereby instructed to handle the postal administration for the time being in compliance with the followin'g rules: 1. Postal matters to be handled shaH be limited to those kinds mentioned hereunder. It is, however, to be noted that such restriction shall be graduaHy I¡emoved . (a) Letters. Ib) Postcards. Ie) Newspapers, the publication of which is authorized by the Imperial Japanese Forces. Id) Pdnted matters for publicity purposes, sent by the Imperial Japanese â&#x20AC;˘ orce , by the government offices of the Philippines . and by th se who have obtained necessary permissions from the Imperial Japanese Forces. Ie) Postal money order; excluding any telegraphic money order. 2. Regulation s on postal matters. (a) Writing of names and addresses of senders to be obligatory. Addresses and names of both semlers and addressees shaH be written clearly on letters as well as on post cards. I b) Restriction of languages. For efficient censorship, the languages to be used shall be limited for the time being to Japanese, Tagalog, English and Spani sh only. IC) Restriction on the use of codes, argots, etc. No secret methods of communication s uch as using codewords, argots, etc., shaH be allowed for postal rna tte1's. 1d) Postal matters not complying with the foregoing rules should be confiscated. \ e) In order to avoid any diffioulty in the handling of the postal money order and banking services, necessary restrictions shall be provided for as to the amount of money to be paid for the orders issued prior to the date of the reopening of postal administration, and also as to the amount of money ' to be withdrawn from the deposits made before the said date.

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3. Postage stamps. Former Philippine sta mps with certain additional printing, shall be used for postal matters. 4. Reopenirrg of post offices in Greater Manila . Post Offices located in Greater Manila shall first be ,-e-opened for public service; aIyd gradually the sphere for postal service shall be extended to provinces. 5. Liquidation of postal matters undelivered. (a) Registered mails and official mails shall , after being censored, be forwarded to a ddressees 0,路 sent back to senders, as far as possible. Other mails shall be kept in the post office for the time being. (b) Pat'cels shall, after their contents have been inspected, be treated in the same manner as above. (c) Mails to foreign countries, which do not come under the preceding two items, should undergo censorship and if necessary, they shall be destroyed in the presence of a "epresentative of the Imperial Japanese ]'ot路ces. t d) Other postal mattet.s undelivered should be destroyed at respective post offices in the presence of a representative of the Imperial Japanese Fot'ces. DIRECTOR GENERAL OF THE MILITARY ADMINISTRATION.

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Section 4. AffairJ C(mcermng Bttrealt of }ttdicial Affam PROCLAMATION (January 3, 1942) Any person who commits acts mentioned below will be put to death or otherwise severely punished according to the provisions of Martial Law. However, if the person who has commited such acts presents hImself to the alUthorities and confesses his guilt he may be pardoned. (1) Any person who rebllls against the JapaU'ese Forces. (2) Any person who intentionally or falsely guides the Japanese Forces, warships or transports. (3) Arly pel路son who commits an act\ of espionage, collects or betrays vital military secrets to the enemy, or who g;ves out such iIlformation to t he public. (4) Any person who states false information or spl-eads wild rumors of mili tary importance. (5) Any person who inflicts damage or destroys roads, waterways, bridge>, railroads, railway signs, apparatus for telegraph or telephone, shlps or the objects f<>r the facilities of mail or who disturbs traffic or communication in allOY other way. (6) Any person who inflicts damage, des troys or burns houses, werehouses, buildings, trains, automobiles, vehicles of any kind, ships, arms, ammunition, provisions, c1<>thing and any other objects of militar;y usage. (7) Any pebon who damages or destroys or in any other way makes u seless aU kinds of signs and notices necessary to the militar;y authorities. (8) Any person who destroys, damages or COrleeals clothing, provisions, fuels, and vehicles, harms, kills, or conceals Iivestocks or any other objects of military importance in order to avoid commandeering by the authorities. (9) Any person who steals arms, ammunition, provisions, clothing or any other objects of military importance which are under the care of the militar.\' a uthorities. (10) Any person wbo, taking advantage of the war, commits looting, robbery, murder, arson, sedition; or disturbs in any way t he peace and ol路der of the land. (11) Any person who poUutes drinking water by poison or in any other way. (12) Any person who kills or inflicts injuries upon any Imperial Japa-n'eSe soldier, civilian employee of the Army and Navy; or who hinders the execution of the duties of the above-mentioned persons.

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(13) Any persolf who counterfeits military notes; refuses to accept them or in any. way hInders the free circulation of military notes by slanderous or se'diticms utterances. (14) Any person who snatches away, hides or helps to escape from the authorities a person who has violated any provisions of Marnal Law. (15) Arry person who refuses to obey any orders of military necessity issued by the Japanese Forces. (16) Arry person who commits acts other than above-mentioned against the interests of the Japanese Forces. (17) Any person who plans, sugg<l.ts or assists in committiJrg any of the above-mentioned acts. COMMANDER-IN~'F,

THE IMPERIAL JAPANESE FORCES

NOTIFICA TION (January 20, 1942) Victims of acts of looting, such as th,e taking away of any article without the payment of a reasonable price or without purchase money, should report the particulars of the eaSEl to the Japanese Military Police. Reports should be made, irrespective of the nationality of the offender. COMMANDER-IN-CHIEF, THE IMPERIAL JAPANESE FORCES

NOTIFICATION (February 11 th, 1942) Whereas, Domingo Di<!sta and two others inflicted phy.ical injuries upon the person of a Japanese soldier; and Whereas, Manuel Ninialga set the dwellings of the people on fire and disturbed the peace; Therefore, in accordan'Ce with the military laws, they were each sentenced to death by the court-martial of the Impe,;al Japanese Army on February 10, 1942, and were each executed on the same date. 2. Whereas, Constancio Manuel a11'<1 26 others did unlawfully enter the bodegas, which had been sealed by the Imperial Japanese Army, and steal the objects il1 the said bodegas; Therefore, in accordance \vith the military laws, they were sentenced to severe punishments on February 10, 1942, by the eonrt-martial of the Imperial Japanese Army. HEADQUARTERS, THE IMPERIAL JAPANESE FORCES 1.

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AYALA lIBRARY


ORDER NO.3 (February 20, 1942.) (TRANSLAT I ON)

Mr. Jorge B. Varga., Chairman of the Executive Commission of the Philippines, Manila

Order concerning basic l)rinciples in e:t'ercisil1g legi.~lative, executive and judicial l'owe)路s. In exercising the legislative, executive and judicial powers in the Philip. pines, the followir'g rules shall be observed: 1) Activities of the' administrative organs and judicial courts ill the Philippines shall be based upon the existing statutes, orders, ol'dinances and customs until further orders, provided that they al'e not incor,sistent with the present circumstances under the Japanese Military Administration. 2) The Executive Commission of the Philippines may enact new talules and ordir,ances subject to the approval of the Commander-in-Chief of the Imperial Japanese Forces in the Philippines. COMMANDER-IN-CHIEF OF THE IMPERIAL JAPANESE FOtRCES IN THE PHILIPPI:-<ES

EXPLANATION This order was delivered to the Chairman of the Executive Commi ' ion for the purpose of clarifying the standard of the activities of the Commission which was organized in confol'lnity with the Special Order )lo. 1 given by the Commander-itT-Chief of the Imperial Japanese FOl路ces. In accordance with the principles of the international law, the occupa路 tion of the Philippine Islands by the Imperial Japanese Forces stopped the sovereignty of the United States of America over said islands, "ltd accord路 ingly the function of the Government of the Commonwealth of the Philippines, e. g., its legislative, executive or judiciary function , ceased to act. The Commander-in-Chief of the Japarlese Forces thereby issued. according to the right recognized by the international law, the Special Order NO.1 concel'lling the establishment of an executive organ in the PhiIippiJ1es. However, all the laws and regulations of the Philippines have been suspended since the Japane e occupatiOll. As the result of the suspension, it became necessary to give certain basic principles on which the new Executive Commission s hall carry out its executive and judicial activities, and to designate a certain organ which shall be in charge of legislatioJ1. This order was i sued to meet this necessity. In section 1, it excepts the application of laws and regulations which are

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not proper to act under the present situation of the Japanese Military Administration. This is to be understood to include all Jaws and regulations which are to disturb t he peace a nd order in the occupied areas, to endanger the safet;y and maintenance of the' Japanese Forces, e. g., laws or regulations concerning freedom of conscription, assembly and press, suffrage, carrying firearms, travel, etc.; and laws or regulations especially provided with some political purposes, e. g., those prohibiting certain aliens, including the J apanese, from enjoying the right or privilege to exploit natUl'al resoul'ces, Or to carry on or engage ;'1 certain businesses Oi' professions. In section 2 it allows a certain degree of legislative power to the Executive Commission, so that the commission can replace the laws and regulations suspended by section 1 witb other laws and regulations, and can eJract new ones which are necessary to carry on the functions of the new goven1ment, e. g., laws cOllcerning taxation~ etc. However, as the legislative power in the occupied areas should originally be in the hands of the Commander-inChief of the victorious forces, it is so arranged that every new Jawor regulation is enactable only subject to Lhe prior approval of the Commander-inChief of the Japanese Forces. It goes wit~ut mentioning that the Commander-in-Chief of the Japanese Forces ha s the right to order the Executive Comm ission to enact new laws 01' regulations; and on the other b a nd, it is to be naturally understood from the purport of the Special Order No. 1 that the Chairman of the Executive Commission is autborized to issu executive orders concerning the matters of purely exec\'tive nature.

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Section 5. Affairs CO/teeming Department oj Finance MILITARY ORDINANCE NO.1 (February 25, 1942) ART. I.-On and after F ebruary 24, 1942, all public bodies, ba nks, corporations, companies, partnerships and other institutions of like nature, shall, in case they . make' payment of dividend, surplus, interest and lor repayment of bond, debentures, etc., to the n ationals of hostile countries, deposit the total amount therefor ,vith the designated banks irr name of the representative of such paying institutions. Tbe distribution of liquidated assets of dissolved or insolvent institutions sball also pe gov&ned in the same way as provide'd above. ART. 2.-Pro 'ded that there is no represerrtative available nor any representative determi able, the Commander-in-Chief of the Imperial Japanese Forces in the Philippines shall design'ate such person or persons to represent the paying institution in accordance with the petition to be made by the parties concerned. ART. 3.-A statemen~ duly signed by tbe representative of paying institutions sbowing the full particulars of ind,imdual payees of the money to be paid or dividend shall be attached to the applications of the deposit as provided in Art. 1. ART. 4.-In case those who are mentioned in the statement above referred to wish to withdraw their own portion from the deposit in the name of the l'epresentativ<l of paying institutions, they sball apply for a license to the Commander-in-Chief of the Imperial Japanese Forces in the Philippines authorizing them to do so, the forms and procedures being identical with that of ordinary withd rawals of bank deposit except that the' signature of the l'epl'esentative who made the deposit shall app.ar on the application form jointly with the a pplicant's signature. Provided, however, the applicam has his own deposit ace<>unt with any bank and wishes to transfer the money thereto, no prior permission shall be necessary but a report to that effect shall be filed ,vith the Department of Military Administration of the Imperial Japanese Forces. ART. 5.- Whoever violates any of the above provisions shall be punished in accordance with the Military Laws; In the case of corporate body: either the corporate body or its represerrtative or person who actually violated the provisions or all of them; In the case of individual: the offender.

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SUPPLEMENTARY RULES ART. l.--In the above Military Ordinance, the term "the nationals of hostile countries" shall mean: (a) Individual who has any of the follo,ving natiorralities. (b) Partnership, association, corporation or other commercial organization which has been organized under the laws of the following countries, or a substantial part of the capital of which is owned or controlled by hostile nationals or organjzations as defined hereunder: United States of America, United Kingdom, The Netherlands, Canada, Atustralia, New Zealand, Exiled Polish Government, Union of South Africa, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, Salvador, Haiti, Cuba, Costa Rica, Dominica, Panama, Mexico, Exiled Czech Government, De Gaulle Government, Iran, Norway, Chungking Government. In determining, among the ahove, of nationals of the exiled government of Poland, Czech, De Gaulle or Chungkirrg Government, any one who has any of the above mentioned nationalities and is suspected to be hostile, shall be p'rima. facie presumed to be nationals of the hoatile countries. ART. 2.-The above Military Ordinance shall be put into effect ,vithin the limit of the City of Greater Manila for the time being. The designated banks in the City of Greater Manila are two banks as follows: The Bank of Taiwan, Ltd. The Yokohama Specie Bank, Ltd.

COMMANDER-IN-CHIEF OF THE IMPERIAL JAPANESE FORCES

EXPLANATION All institutions which are going to pay 01' distribute dividend, surplus and/or interest, or repay bond 01' debentures, or in case of winding-up to divide the remaining assets among partners, members or stockholders, must, when such payments, distributions, 01' division of funds are made to the nationals of hostile couDltries, carefully read this. Ordinance so as not to commi.t any infringement thereof. The Ordinance requires that all such payments to the nationals of hostile countries shall be deposited in a lot with any of desigooted banks in the name of the 1-epresentative of the paying institutions. A statement showirrg full particulars of the indiVidual payees must be attached to the application of deposit attd filed with the designated bank. If all persons representing the paying institutions a1'e dead 01' none available due to some other reason, pa.1'ties c.oncertred shall have to apply to the Commander-in-Chief of the OOpe1;al Japanese Forces for the appointmelrt of a suitable person as its representative.

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If and when any national of hostile coulYtries requires, on account of absolute necessity, to withdraw his portion of such deposits, he must apply for a special license to the C-irr-C of the LJ.F., signjng jointl)" with the representative of paying irYStitutions on the application form prescribed by the Financial Department of the Military Adminjstration Office. If the national of hostile coun.tries has his own deposit account, he may at will transfer the money which belongs to his portioll' to such an account. It must not be forgotten, however, tbat in this caSe he is ordered to file a report to that effect.

PROCLAMATION (J anuary 3, 1942)

The Imperial Japanese Army, in' the occupied al'eas, will use the warn.otes (Military pass-money) endorsed and issued by the Imperial Japanese Governmerrt. All the peoples I'esiding within the concerned areas should be aware of the following: 1. The war-notes (military pass-money) have been issued by the Imperial Japanese Go ernment, and said Government takes full responsibility for their usage having the correct amount to back them up. Circulate the wat-notes (military pass;money) on their face value with no fear of any sort. 2. Those who hold. uhe war-notes will be able to use them in making payments of all ki nds. 3. If any-one attempts to interfere with the circulation of the warnotes (such deeds as rejection of payment, forgery, or spreadirrg the untrue nature of news concerning the war-notes of any kind) his act ,viII be considered as hostile a nd will be punished severely. 4. The war-n"tes, and the existing currency and fOI'eign cunency will be prohibited from exportation and importation for a while. 5. Kinds and classes of the war-notes will be as follows: 10 peso-note, 5 peso-note, 1 peso-note, and notes of: 1 centavo, 5 centavos, 10 centavos, 50 centavos. COMMANDER-IN-CHIEF. THE IMPERIAL JAPANESE FOR CES

PROCLAMA TlON (January 10, 1942 , The currencies which shall be sanctioned by the a.uthorities of the Japanese Army to circulate in the Philippine Islands shall be the Peso military notes which are issued by the Imperial Japanese Government, and the Philippine Peso currency, which is already in circulation.

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The cil'culation of the Yen paper money (paper money issued by the Japanese Imperial Government, Yell' notes issued by the Bank of Japan, Yen notes issued by the Bank of Chosen, Yen nooos issued by the Bank of Taiwan, and the military notes other than P eso military notes), piastre currell'CY (notes issued by the Bank of Indo-China), and all other currencies of foreign countries shall be prohibited. However, as for the U. S. dollar cunency, the circulation shall be approved at the rate of two pesos (P2) per Oll'e dollar ($1), for the time being. N<>t only the payer of the above-mentioned currencies, which are prohibited to circulate as the means of payment of all transactions, but also the receiver of such currencies shall be punished in accordance with the provisions of the martial law. As to the treatment of the possession in the market of the above-mentioned cuneneies and the U. S. dollar currency which are prohibited to circulate shall be regulated later on. COMMANDER-IN-CHIE F OF THE IMPERIAL JAPANESE FORCES

PROCLAMATION (January 23, 1942\ With respect to t,\e payment of salaries of employees, all government offices, banks and business firms, for the time being, must on each day of payment deduct from the salary of each employee the amount calculated on the standard mention'ed below, and the total of the months so deducted is to be deposited, by the employer, in banks, (including credit associations) and, at the saDle time, records must be kept of the amount deposited by each respective employee so that the depositor may at any time examine his account. But the above-mentioned provision1 does not apply to a person receiving salary less than P200.00 per month. (1) For month4r salary less than P300.00, ten percent of the salary must be deposited . (2) For monthly salary above P300.00 in adidtiorl to the amount prescribed by (1) 40 per cent of the sum exceeding P300.00 must be deposited. (3) If any cash payment of salary exceeds the sum of P500.00 after the above prescribed amounts have been deducted, all the sum in excess of P500.00 must be deposited. Anyone who violates the above-mentioned provi sions will be severel;sr punished in accordance with the Military Laws. The enforcement of this proclamation is limited to the city of Greater Manila. COMMANDER-IN-CHIEF, THE IMPERIAL JAPANESE FORCES

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EXPLANATION

Procla.nation co"ce,·.,;ng ·'ltethod of payment of sala.-ies At the same time with the issuance of a proclamation concerning the reopening of the banks, the authorities of the Japanese Army have issued anotber proclamation concel·ning the payment of salaries of Government offices, banks and business firms, to the effect that some parts of the salaries of officers arrd employees must be deducted at the time of payment of same and deposited in banks. How<!ver this a pplies only to persons with salaries exceeding 1'200.00 per month. For salaries from 1'200.00 to P300.00, ten percent (100/0) of the salaries must be deposited. For salaries above 1'300.00 per month (10 % ) of 1'300.00 plus 40% of the amount exceeding 1'300.00 must 00 deposited. If after the above amounts are deducted arrd yet the balance exceeds 1'500.00, the sum in excess of 1'500.00 must be deposited. The employer must deduct the above prescribed amounts from the salary of each employee before payment of same, and acting as representative for his employees deposit the sum, and must keep l·espective records of the sums deposi ted by each employee in such a way that the depositor may at any time exan1ine hi s account. The above-menbioned deposits are the mirtimum amounts for all citiuns to endure at this time of emergency, and py performing them the function of finance will be sm othly carried out. The authorities of the Japanese Army sincerely desire that all citizens will whole-heartedly coopel·ate with them so that the final1'Cial world will be settl ed down peacefully.

PROCLAMA TION (January 23, 1942) The Commander-in-Chief of the Imperial Japanese Forces, realizing the urgent necessity of normalizing business conwtions, do hereby proclaim all'd order the reopening of such banking institutions and final1'Cial organizations as notified in the City of Manila. H eretofore, officials and common people alike must endeavor to collaborate a ll'd cany on smoothly the financial activities in accordance ,vith the articles of the proclamation hel-eafter given. Anybody who violates any of the provisions of this order shall be cons idered as having committed a hostile act and shall be punished severely. ARTICLE I.-The banks ord<!red to reopen must not allow anybody to draw more t han the amount of Five Huudred Pesos (1'500) per person (including commercial firms, corporations or companies) a month. But withdrawals from bank deposits for paying taxes, water, gas, electricity and tel<!phone chal·ges, and those other payments having the permission and approval of the Commall'der-in-Chief of the Imperial Japanese Fo,·ces, are exempted from the above-mentioned r estriction .

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ARTICLE 2.-Adjustment entries between accounts of the same pet'Son or firm in the sarna bank or settlements of accounts between bankirrg and financial organizations are free . ARTICLE 3.-Payments for checks, or other certificates of payment which were issued before the reopening of the banks, irrespective of the amouIl't, m'ust bear the approval and permi ssion of the Commander-in-Chief of the Imperial Japanese Forces. ARTICLE 4.-Foreign exchange business wilJ not be allowed for the time being unless otherwise permitted by the Comma!1'der-in-Chief of the Imperial Japanese Forces. The above proclamation shall be put into effect within the limits of the city of Greater Manila for the time being. COMMANDER-IN-CHIEF, THE IMPERIAL JAPANESE FORCES

SPECIAL ORDER (January 23rd, 1942) The okohama Specie Bank, The Bank of Taiwan, The Mutual Credit Association of Japanese in Manila. The Commander-i -Chief of the Imperial Japanese Forces hereby orders the above-mentioned banks and credit association to reopen their business from January 23rd, 1942. Heretofore these banks a!1'd credit association must carryon their business strictly in accordance with the articles hereafter given. I. In spite of the proclamation issued on January 23rd, 1942, all tJ.-ansactions with individuals or corporate bodieS which appear in the attsched li$t have to get permission of the Commander-in-Chief of the Imperial Japanese Forces. II. Payment of running expensas, honorarium allowance for directors and dividends have to get approval of the Commander-in-Chief of the Imperial Japanese Forces beforehand. III. Balance sheets and ledgers on December 8th and December 31st, 1941 must be submitted to the Commander-in-Chief as soon as possible, a!1'd for the time being, balance sheet at every week end must be reported every week. IV. Submission of necessary statements, reports a!1'd other records will be asked in case of need and inspectors will be dispatched to investigate the execution of business or bank's books of accounts, minutes of the meeting of stock holders, directors' meeting, etc. These ban'ks and credit association are asked to give necessary conveniences to the inspe~tors. COMMANDER-IN-CHIEF OF THE IMPERIAL JAPANESE FORCES

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EXPLANATION OPe11f-lIg of Betll". et?Ld Orcdit A â&#x20AC;˘.~ociatioIl8 'Hilde,' JalJanese COlltrol

The Imperial Japanese Forces have been already considering the opening of the business of banks and credit associations in order to miti/!ate tightness of the finaneial conditions due to the suspension of banking business. And as the fundamerttal policy was determined, the authorities of the Japanese Army ordered on the 23rd of Janlnary, 1942, the Yokohama Specie Bank, Manila, the Bank of Taiwan , Manila and the Mutual Credit Association of Japanese in Manila to open their busirress from the abO'Ve-mentioned date. At the same time the "Proclamation concerning the opening of the business of the financial organs " was issued but the sudden and heavy withdrawal of deposits threatened to disturb the financial world, so a certain limit was set up to the amount of depo its that may be withdrawn arrd loaning for the timc being. As for banks of the Philippine lslands, they carmot open their business pending further instructions from the Imperial Japanese Forces, but they are under careful consideration now and those which co-operate with the Japanese Forces shall be ordered to open their business one after another later on. . However, it is a matter of course that the order is subject to the abovementioned limit of the amount of payment. Among the conditions of thc order to open banking bu si"","s, the gist of the items "elating to the genet'al public is as follows: 1. The total amou,nt of payment from the bank should be under the limit of FIVE HUNDRED PESOS (1'500.00) per one person for one month in aggrep,te of either the drawin!!'s of several kind s of deposits 01' loans. 2. In case the a mount of the 'pa~~ncnt from the bank ex('eeds the abovementioned limit, the special permit, which sta tes clearly the amount a nd the object of use, must be obtainod from the Commander-inChief of the Imperial Japanese Forces. 3. Th e restrictions of (1) and (2) shall not a.pply to the payment from the bank deposits for the purpose of paying taxes and fees or charges of water-works, electricity , I(as, tcle!-.'l'aph and telephone. 4. Tbe restrictions of (J) and (t) shall not apply to the transference and offset between accounts of the same person in the same bank. 5. AJI paynlents of checks, or other certificates of pa)~nent which were issued before the opening of the banks must be sanctioned irrespective of the amount by the Imperial Japanese Forces. The Imperial Japanese Forces dispatched inspectors to the above-mentioned two banks so that the provisions of the Proclamation may be observed faithtully. On the other ha.ffl, anyone who violates the above-mentioned l'estl'iction by means of a fal e report, etc., shall be severely punished. The authorities desire that the banks and the general public should faithfully observe the purport of the Proclamation .

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PROCLAMATI ON (February 1, 1942) Anyone wbo finds any counterfeit military rlote of PI should "eport to the Japanese military police, taking the same with him. 2. Anyone who finds the person who uses many counterfeit military notes at the same time should arrest the user an,<,1 take him to the Japanese military police. 3. Anyone who uses a counterfeit military note aware of its being counterfeit shall be severely punished in accordance with the military laws. 1.

COMMANDER-IN-CHIEF, THE IMPERIAL JAPANESE FORCES

PROCLAMATION (February 6, 1942) On aJld after February 7, 1942, the circulation of CUlTency of the United States of America is suspended and prohibited in the areas occupied by the Japanese Expeditionary Forces. COMMANDER-IN -CHIEF, THE IMPERIAL JAPANESE FORCES

EXPLANATIO:-< OF THE PROCLAMATION CONCERN ING THE CURRENCY. Military notes of the Imperial Japanese Forces are endorsed and issued by the Imperial Japanese G<>vernment and said goverrunent takes full responsibility for their u sage. All the people in the occupied areas should not ortly have full trust in their value but also cooperate in their smooth circulation. Military notes arc issued at par ,,;th the Philippirte Peso currency which have' hitherto been circulated and it is strictly prohibited to put any premium or discount on their face value. Ac('Orning to a report, some people are misunderstandirlg the meanings of issuing marks uch as PA, PB, PH, PM on the face of the notes as if there are some differences in the values of military notes a nd ill some extreme cases refuse to accept the notes which have different mark. But in fact these letters are nothing but issuing marks and there is 110 difference at all whether a nete is marked PA, 01' PM, etc . Those who interfere 0" attempt to interfere with the circulation of the military notes, maldng counterfeit, or redue.ing the value, are considel"ed as doing a hostile act agaj,1St the Imperial Japanese Forces and will be punished severely according to the martial law.

[43]


Currencies approved by the Commander-in-Chief of the Imperial Japanese Forces at present are: I P eso military notes issued by the Imperial Japanese Government. II PhiHpJ>ine Peso currency and all other foreign cuneneies il1'Cluding Japanese currencies such as notes issued by the Bank of Nippon, Bank of Chosen, Bank of Taiwan and military notes other than the Peso notes mentioned above. The U. S. A. dollar currency were at first allowed to circulate in the proclamation issued on January 10th but afterwards cancelled by the proclamation dated on Februal'y 7th of the Commander-in-Chief of the Imperial Japanese Forces. It! short, DO cmrrency is allowed to circulate except Peso military notes issued by the Imperial Japanese Government and Philippine Peso Currency. Special attention should be paid to the fact that all cun-encies regardless of whether they are allowed to circmlate or not are prohibited from being exported or imported. Even those who come from Japan (except officers and soldiers of the Army & Navy who have yen cun-ency permitted by the Dept. of Finance of the Imperial Japanese Government should come to the Dept. of Finance of the 0 ice of Japanese Military Admirustraticm' and submit necessary report to th authority concerned as soon as possible.

PROCLAMATION (February 7, 1942) Ill' spite of the Prpclamation of January 23, on the l'eopening of the Banking Organizations, f or the withdrawals of part of deposits made in cash (except in case of Dollar Money), on or before February 20, are free, reports of the same to be sufficient and special permits not necessary. COMMANDER-IN-CHIEF, THE IMPERIAL JAPANESE FORCES

EXPLANATION Notwithstanding the Proclamation of January 23, 1942, orr the reopening of the banking institutions in which the limitation of withdrawals of deJ>Qsits has been made, general permits which authorize free withdrawal without al!y specific license have been extended to those who deposited in cash on or before February 28, 1942, up to the amount paid in cash by the Proclamations dated February 7 and February 20. The intention of the above is no other than to allow free withdrawals from the part of deposits which have been ilrereased actually. That is, where deposits made anew in cash, it can be freely withdrawn up to the amount of cash deposited, but deposits made by transfers, are subject to sJ>ecific licenses from the Authorities for the reason that although they may increase a certain deposit, they canrrot be said to be an actual increase.

[44J


The time limit of the above premit is February 28. However, hoarding of cash may jeopardize smooth circulation of money and is liable to cause robbery and other risks. Therefore the people are advised to deposit money ·.s much as possible with banks which are now authorized to reopen under ..he protection of the Imperial Japanese Forces in the Philippines. Furthermore, in spite of the time limit specified by the above Notificatiorr, >.hose who have actually increased their deposits \vill enjoy spe·cial favour in )btaining licenses of withdrawals of deposits made after the time limit.

NOTIFICATION (January 23rd 1942) In accordance with the proclamation dated January 23rd 1942, the Commander-in-Chief of the Imperial Japanese Forces h ereby orders the following banks and credit associatiorr to reopen their business: 1. The Yokohama Specie Bank. 2. The Taiwan Bank. 3. Manila Japanese Mutual C,·edit Association. COMM·ANDER-IN-CHiEF, THE IMPERIAL JAPANESE FORCES

NOTIFICATION (Jal1Uary 28, 1942) Those who conespond to one of the following items are summoned to appear in person at the Financial Department of the Imperial Japanese Militar~· Administration Office at P. Burgos (former Philippine Army Headquarters Bldg.), not later than JanualO' 31, 1942. 1. Those who were interned at the concentration camp at the University of Santo Tomas by Japanese Army, and have been released or those whose interment are being susperrded . 2. Those who are nationals of U . S. A., Great Britain, Australia, Canada, Federation of South Africa, New Zealand, Netherland, Cuba, Haiti, Guatemala, Sa~vador, Honduras, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, Dominican Republic, Panama, Polarrd, Regime of de Gaul, Colombia, Venezuela, Iraq, Belgium, Greece, Me'xico, Egypt, Iran, and Norway. Those who are unable to appear in person due to illness or some such unavoidable cause may send tbeir representatives. Those who have Certificates .,f Release or Certificates of suspended internment, shaH brillg them at that time.

OFFICE OF JAPANESE MILITARY AOMINISTRA TION

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>lOTIFICATION (February 3, 1942) The Commander-in-Chief of the Imperial Japanese FOl'ces ordel'ed the following banks to reopen business from February 3, 1942: PhilippiTle National Bank Bank of the Philippine Islands Philippine Bank of Commel'ce For the convenience of the public, the permit stipulated in the proclamation of January 23, 1942, shall be applied through banks. HEADQUARTERS. THE IMPERIAL JAPANESE FORCES

NOTIFICATION (Februal'Y 10th 1942/ In accol'dance with the Article No.1, of the special order concel'llin~ the I'eopening of banks, (for Japanese banks, dated January 23, 1942. o.nd for Filipino banks, dated on February 2nd 1942) we hereby order to stop withdl'awals from the a counts belonging to the following nationalities: The United Stat'es of America. The United Kingilpm. Netherland, Canad'a, Australia, New Zealand, Exiled Polish Government Union of South Africa, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, Dominica , Haiti, Cuba, Co ta Rica, Salvador, Panama and Mexico. I,Y spite of this notification, the amount up to P200. (Two hundl'ed Pesos) pel' month is allowed to be withdrawn. THE DIRECTOR GENERAL OF THE MILITARY ADMINISTRATION .

EXPLANATION, To guaralrtee the expenses of living for the enemy aliens, The IlIlllerial Japanese Forces have given spcial consideration and allowed them tQ withdraw as much as P200.00 (Two hundred Pesos) pel' month.

NOTIFICATION (February 20,

19~21

'rhe limit of the time specified in the proclamation of Febl'uary 7. 1942, relative to new deposits which may be withdrawn freely, is hereby extended up to Febl'uary 28, 1942. COMMANDER-IN-CHIEF OF THE IMPERIAL .JAPANESE FORCES

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NOTIFICATIO

T

(February 23, 1942 1 For the information and guidan<ce of the public, it is hereby announced that the Peso military notes issued by the Japanese Imperial G<Jvernment now in circulation in the occupied telTitol~es are genuine, and that t he different combinations of symbols (PJ, PB, PA, etc.) found on the fa"e thereof have absolutely nothing to do with their genuineness and value. Th~ Public is, therefore, advised to accept all military notes offered as I>ayment 01' otherwise as they are guaranteed by the Japanese government. Any person or individual refusinog to receive note or notes will be severely punished.

01'

to

accept the afore aid

COMMANDER-IN-CHIEF THE IMPERIAL JAPANESE l"ORCES

NOTIFICATION (February 24, 1942 \ The residents of th City of Greater Manila who are holding th\! .... megistel'ed Japanese Government bonds and 1 01' debenture bonds (chieÂą1y those issued by the Hypoth ec Bank of Japan, 01' Nippon Kangyo Gillko ) and 101' their interest coupons are hereby "equested to bring immediately \Vlth t hem the said bon'CIs, debentures, and l or their interest coupons and make report to the Manila Branch Office of the Bank of Taiwan, properly filling in the forms available at the same office with the following items and duly affixing their signatures: 1.

Designations, 01' names by which knowl1, of the bonds and dates of issuance.

2.

Amounts of the face value.

3.

Numbers of the bonds the attached coupons.

4.

Signs an'CI sel~al numbers of the bonds coupons, andlor the attached coupons.

5.

Due dates of the bonds attached coupons.

01'

01'

01'

de bcln tures

debentures, the interest coupons 01'

and

01'

debentures, th" Lnterest

debentures andl or of the interese

~OUpO Ll S

01'

6.

Names of persons from whom purchased.

7.

Further references. (Additional remarks) CHIEF OF JAPANESE MILITARY ADMINISTRATION

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EXPLANATION OF NOTIFICATION CONCERN'ING REGISTRATION OF UNREGISTERED JAPANESE GOVERNMENT BONDS, ETC, As many peoples and companies have lost, or were looted, Japanese Government bonds and debenture bonds in the confusion before and soon after the Japane6e occupation of Greater Manila City, Japanese authorities have decided to register all unregistered Japanese Government bonds and debenture bonds at Manila branch of the Bank of Taiwan to protect the right of the original owners and to prevent looters from selling them at low price Or smuggling them to Japan, Necessary blanks are pl'ovided at the Manila bl'anch of the Bank of Taiwan. All owners of the above-mentioned bonds are requested to l'egister as soon as possible, It must be remembel'ed that those who fail to register their bonds will meet various inconveTriences in future h'ansactions.

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Section 6. Affairs Concemil1,g Departme1Zt of Industries PROCLAMATIOX (January 30, 1942). To the residents of tbe City of Greater Manila: 1. Any person bolding gasoline for the purpose of using it in bis or her motor vehicles shall sell and deliver same to the Manila Liquid Fuel.Jlistributing Union. Provided, however, that the persons who have obtained special pel'mit to operate their private cars shall be allowed to retain not more tban twenty-five (25) galions for each car, and for each truck not more than (50) gallons. The ownerS of private cars who have temporary permits shall be allowed to retain the quantity to be indicated by the authority tbrougb the said union. The price of sales, time of sales and place of delivery shall be indicated by tbe said union.

2. After the 15bh of February, no one shall consume gasoline for operating motor vehicles, provided, however, that the persons wbo have permits from the military authorities under special circumstances shall be exempted therefrom. 3. The owners of motor vebicles who are permitted to operate their cars shall obtain motor fuel distribution coupon from tbe City Hall after the 15tb of February and present same to the Liquid Fuel Distributing Union or its authorized selling concern and shall purchase motor fuel tberefrom. 4. Any person holding more than five (5) gallons each of crude oil, lubricating oil or mobile alcohol on February 1st shall report to the City Hall not later than tbe 10th of February. 5. The persons who are required to report under the preceding articles shall comply with the instructions of the military authorities regarding selling and buying, giving and receiving and transferring of crude oil, lubricating oil and mobile alcohol under their custody. 6. Any person violating articles No. 1, No.2, No.4 and No.5 of this proclamation will be regarded as committing a hostile act and shall be prosecuted severely. COMMANDER路IN-CHIEF OF THE IMPERIAL JAPANESE FORCES

EXPLANATION To adjust the conditions of supply and demand of liquid fuel in Greater Manila City, a proclamation concerning concentration and distribution of liquid fuel was issued on January 30th, 1942. The aims of said proclamation are, firstly, to buy up gasoline owned by citizens

[49]


of Greater Manila City for use iu automobiles and supply them witb mixed fuel consisting 95% of alcohol and 5% of Gasoline. and secondly to in vestigate and bold tbe quantIty of crude oil and lubricating oil on hand to make necessary arrangement to adjust tbe suppl y and demand of said oils.

PRO CLAM ATION (February 1, 1942) The Dep:1l路tment of Military Administration of the Imperial Japanese Forces. desiring eagerly that the life of the citizens of Manila sball return to normalcy, demand that aU tbe merchants and citizens of the City of Greater Manila observe faithfull y the under-mentioned provisions: I. N o one is pennittell to sell articles in order to obtain excessive profits. ? No one is pennitt<ld to buy up ot restrict sales witb a view to obtaining execsshoe profits or excessive remuneration; or to buy or sell articles in order to obtain un-

ju.tifi.able remuneration. 3. The sellers of articles mllst ..,11 Lheir articles at fixed prices. except the articles for whicb otherwise prescribed, (the price lists. which were already made public to be enforced in the name-of the Mayor of Manila City shall be recognized M tbe maximum selling prices). At tbe time of t be execution of tbe sale of articles at fixed prices, as above-prescribed. the price must be fixed for each respective article; or the paper price list st.ating clearly each article witb tbe respective price (as for tbe shop in which tbe price mark are fixed, the paper price list stating clearly the maximum :lIld minimum price:; of each kmd of article) must be Pllt up at the conspicuous place in the shop. The date 0\ Lhe enforcement of this provi.ion shall be the 7th of February, 1942. 4. WhetbPl' t he profi~ is excessive or not shan be generaUy judged and determined by comparing it with tbe level of prices before the outbreak of tbe war. (The prJce lists which were already made public to be enforced in the name of the Mayor of Greater Manila City, shall be recognized as the maximum selling prices.) 5. Anyone who violates any of the above-mentioned prescriptions from Article I t.o Article 3 shall be severely punished in accordance witb the military laws. Tbe articles which are excepted in the provisions of Article 3 are ao foUow.: The perisbable foodstuffs, excluding the commodities. tbe maximum prices of ",hich are fixed by the city office. DlltECTOR GENERAL OF THE MILITARY ADMINISTRATION

EXPLA?\ATIO)/ CONCERN I NG THE ENFORCEME:\T OF A:\,Tl-PROFlTEERING PROCLAMATION In time of war. it is unavoidable that commodity prices go up on accoun t of economic dislocat.ion In tbe City of Greater Manila. the rise of commodtiy prices was already notable even at the time of the entry of the Imperial Japanese Forces. on account of looting and maldistrib ution of commodities due to hoarding a nd restriction of sales by profiteers.

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In view oi an undeo:; irahlc effect t.lte rise of comlll.odity price:; will ha ve upon the popular sentiments and the maintenance of law and oruer within the City. the Jtl.panel:c

Militlir.v Authorities issued an anti-profiteering proclamation on February 2, ior t he purpose of insuring the tability of the daily livos of tbe public. The prinoipal objecti,'e of this proclruuation lies in suppressin~ and curvlllg t he illegal activlties of those merchants who are makin~ exces~ive profits at the 511crifil'e

of the general public. For this purpose, pre-war commodity prioe lovel has been adopt. ed as the basis of fixing the maximum selling price: The gist of the said proclamation is a follows: I. No one shall be allowed to sell articles for the purpose of Makino; e,cedStve profits. 2.

No one is aUowed to corner the market or restrict sales in orde r to obtai n ex-

cessive profits. 3. The dealers of articles are required to sell their articles at fixed prieM. eXI'c pt the articles for which otherwise presrribed (The price lists. which lVere al路 ready made public to be enforced in the name of the Mayor of Greater Manil a, . hall be recognized as the maximum selling prices. ) In emng tbe articles at fixed pl'ices, price cards shan he affi xed to eac h ar ticle; as for the shops in wltich the price cards are used, the pnce lists stating the maximum and ntinimum plicos of eaoh kind of article shall he displayed at a conspiouous place ~.

3.

to

the shop.

This

prov i ~lOn

has bee n in fon:e sin re

February 7th. Whether the profit is excessive or no~ llIay be generally judged and determined whirh by comparing the same with t he pre-war price level. (The price were already rna e public to be enforred by ~h e ~l ayor of Greater Manila, shall be recognized as the maximum elling prices.) Anyone who viola~es the Above men~ion od provisions from Ar~icle J 0 Ar t icle-I will be se,'erely punished in accordance wi~h the Martial Laws. The article', for which otherwise prices have been pl'e;.o(, l'ibed as referred to in .\rtlcle 3, are

""ta,

perishable food-stuffs, excepting those commodities the rnax imwn pnce~ of

which are fixed by the Ma.yor. As has been already sta~ed , tbe presen~ anti-profi teerin/( pl'oclamatlon has heen enfoJ'('cd as a measure to reconstruct the Philippine economy and ~o uplift ~he Ii vM of the Filipino people. Hence violations commit~ed by .. n~' merchant will redo und to the inconveniences of the consumers who are none other than the Filipino public Since it is not ~he intention of the Imperial Japanese k' orces to force the observance of the present proclamation by the use of penal clauses. it is earnestly desired that the men路hRnts concerned wiU observe the above-me ntioned. proclamation ou their own accord.

PROCLAMATIOK (February 5. 19-12). The managements of factories within the Greater Citv of Manila are ordered to

open their respective factories as SOOD as possible, in acc~l'd3.n('c with the! rl)Howing notifications: 1. The persons who will engage in kinds of indu:3lri es' wh ich "ill H~qul r~ ~p p l'Ova l

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2.

3.

by the military authotities must submit their application in accordance with the separate forms which have been prepared for the said purposes to the Dept. of Military Administration for approvaL The above mentioned application must be submitted through tbe Dept. of Agricwture and Commerce. The persons who will enga:>:e in the kinds of indust.ies which lVill require approval by the military authorities must comply with the orders of the Dept. of Military Administration regarding manufacture and transfer of their products. The persons who will engage in the kinds of industries which will not require approval by the Mititary authorities must submit their report to the Dept. of Agriculture and Commerce. The following form is established in accordance with notification No.1, regarding the kinds of industries and application which require approval before opening by the military authorities: Kinds of Industri.. Manufadure of batteries Manufacture of hricks Manufacture of t<>haccos Manufacture of wines Manufacture of ice ,y/anufactnre of matches lIlilling of rice Manufacture of suga~ an<i alcohol Man facture of leather and rubber shoes ManufaGture of cotton thread and cloth Brewe~y of beer Manufacture of candl es Manufacture of coconut oil Manufacture of canned goods Manufacture of steel products

Fan,. of Application Application for approval of opening factories Date Address Jationality Signature (seal) To the Chief of Military Administration: In accordance with the notification dated February 4, 1942, regarding the application for opening factories, (we or I) respectfully submit to the authority application together with protocol for your kind approval. The furm of protocol to be attached to the application. Protocol: 1. arne of factory 2. Address and Telephone No. 3. Capital (paid in) -I. Nationality of majority stock-holder

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5. Name and nationality of responsible person 6. Kinds of products 7. Monthly output 8. Price of products 9. Chief buyers 10. Number of laborers classified by sex 11. Material and fuel required for operation 12. Estimated consumption of the above 13. Present stock on hand 14. Anticipated routes from which the materials are to be secured 15. Operating capital per month. 16. Amount of desired circulating capital The following form must be aacomplished in accordance with notification No.3 regarding the report of opening factories: The report of opening factories Date N atiOl.ality Signature (seal) To the Commissioner of Al(ricuiture and Commerce: In accordance with the notification dated February 4, 1942, by the Commander-in-Chlef of the Japanese Forces, regarding the report of openi!lg factories, (we) respectfully report to the office together with the required protocol that beginning from the ____________ 1942. we intend to open our factories. The protocol to be attached to the report of opening fact.ories will be the same form as in the case of application for opening factories. DIRECTOR GENERAL OF THE MILITARY ADMINISTRATION. Explanation of the proclamation concerning reopening of factories: A proclamation was issued on February 5tb. 1942, to reopen the closed factories in Greater Manila City. Almost all factories in Greater Manila City being closed, it is causing shortage of daily commodities and unemployment of laborers. This proclamation IS aimed to meet this situation and all factories are urged to resume their business as soon as possible. It is the intention of the Japanese authorities here to put necessary control over them and let them contrihute to the execution of fighting and to the production of necessary goods as well as to promote the welfare of the citizens in the city.

NOTIFICATION (January 29, 1942) Pursuant to the proclamation by the Commander-in-Chlef of the Imperial Japanese Army, issued on Jan. 28. 1942, the Manila Liquid Fuel Distributing: Union will

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purch .... all gasoline held by individuals or ccrperate entities for motor " se on the date, place and conditions as stated bereunder: 1. Dat. of Purchase:- From Feh. 1st to Feb. 3rd, inclusive, from 8:00 • .m. to 4:00 p.m. each day. 2. Pllle( of Purchase:- ::\ine (9) gasoline stations as follows:1. Cor. of Mabini and San Luis, Ermita-Phone 2·18-28. 2. ('or. of Taft Ave. and Herran-Phone 5-74-84 3. Taft Ave. Ext. (near city boundary)- Phone 5·73-41 4. Cor. of Avenida Ri zal and Azcarraga-Pbone 2-28-72 5. Esp8.11a Ext., San Juan del Monte-Phone None 6. ('or. of Azcarraga and Elcano, Tondo-Phone 4-97·22 7. Rotonda, Sampaloc- Phone &-70·36 8. Cor. of Ave. Rizal and Antipolo (near Railroad crossin g)- Phone 4·67·96 9. Cor. of Ayala Blvd. and Concepcion (near Ayala bridge). 3. Purch ....... Price:(A) 1 tin containing 5 gals. net of standard quality-'P3.80 (B) 1 drum containing 50 gals. net of standard quality- 'P4{).00 ::\ OlE-(]) Payment shall be made in cash upen delivery. (2) Any gasoline t hat is believed to be mixed with other substances may be rejected after inspection. 4. TlJOse, who ha\'e gasoline lin large quantities and cannot deliver the same to t,he aht,v\e-mentioned ~""oline stations, shall make a report to any of the said stations du rmg tbe stated time giving the quantity and location of said gasoline, 80 tha t this IL.-sociation can receive tbe same by trl\ck at 'Orne later dates. The prire of swd gasoline \I ill be a (ollows: (a)- 'P3.20; (b) 1 drum- 1>37.00. l\lANlLA LIQUID FUEL DIS1'RIBUTI1\G UN101\

::\OTIFICATIOI\

(February 6, (942)

Will, the end of reopening the following factories and shops, the old laborers of the same un. fa iled:

Atlantic Gulf and Pacific Co. (foundry shop). Norton and lIarrison Co. Philippine Acetylene Co. Manila Cordage Co. T I,. employees who desire to work are required to present themselves in their reo ' pe<·tin fa ctori es on or before Feb. 9, 1942, at 10 a. m. OFFICE OF JAPANESE MILITARY

NOTIFICAT1OI\

ADMINISTRATIO~

(February].'•. 1942)

Jiegarding Conversion of Cars from Use of Gasoline to AlcohoL It has been de-cided tl'M the Malate Tax.icab and Garage. Inc .. at Dakota, Malate, Phone 5-69--66, do.all tbp necessary work for converting earS to use alcohol fuel.

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The cosl of tbe conversion is fixed at tbe following rates:For material, labor and one week adjustment service: n. Chevrolet or similar automobiles or trucks requiring only onc venturi- i"'17.00 per car.

Ford or similar automobiles or trucks requiring two venturi- 'P20.50. c. Any other automobiles or trucks requiring more than two venturi for each additional veoturi-"3.50 additional per venturi. All those permitted to use cars are urged to arrange with the Malate Taxicab and Garage, Inc., for the earl y conversion of their cars to use alcohol fuel. Upon completion of the necessary work, the owner of the car shall pay directly to the Malate Taxicab and Garage. Inc. Although the alcohol fuel will be distributed from February 20th., all tbose converting their cars previous to that date rna.v purchase the alcohol, fuel from the Malate Taxicab and Garage. Inc .. a t '1'0.16 per liter. b.

MA NILA LIQUID FUEL DISTRIBUTD1G UNIOK.

XO'PIFIGATrO" (February J 8, 1942 , :From Feb. 20 J 942, the Manila Liquid Fuel Distributing l; nion shall distribute alcohol fuel ,t statiOns authorized by said Union tothose who are permitter! to operate automobil.... The quantity offuel to be distributed to eacb operator shall be according to the hlnount fixed by the City Government of Greater Manila The Un ion shall allocate coupons to each operator corresponding to the amount of fuel he is authorized to have The operators of t he permitted cars sball obtain their fuel from the authorized stations by taking the said coupons there aod, by paying for the fuel upon deh ver), at "0.16 per liter. The authorized stations are as follows: I. Cor. of M. H. del Pilar and San Luis. 2. Malate Taxicab and Garage Inc., 767 Dakota. 3. Cor. of Taft Ave. and Herran. 4. Taft Ave. Ext. near City boundary . .J. Cor. of Herran and Tejeron .... \/. North side of Ayala Bridge. i . Rotonda. Sampaloc. ~. Cor. of Avenida Rizal and Azcarraga. 9. Cor. of Reina Regente and A.carraga. ]0. Cor. of Avenid .. Ri 7.al and An tipolo. ~IA)lILA

UQl'ID FUEL DISTRIBUTING UNI01\

ANNOU);CEMENT (February 2. ]942). 1. As the selling of gasoline for use in automobiles and trucks has been stopped, tb. Manila. Liquid Fuel Distributing Union will sell instead of gasoline a motor fuel of alcohol and gasoline mixture, commencing from February 20th, 1942.

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2. As in the use of said motor fuel, it is necessary to make some ohanges to the engine, those who have permits (except temporary permits) to (use their cars must submit the foUowing information from February 4tb, (Wednesday) to February 7th, (SatUl-day) 1942 (8:00 a.m. to 4:00 p. m. each day):1. No. of Permit obtained. 2. Make of automobile or truok. 3. Model (Example, 1940 or 1941). 4. Plate No. 5. Name of owner, address, and telephone No. The above information must be made by filling in the forms which can be obtained at City Hall (at the janitor's desk in the main entrance facing South) and by dropping the same into the box to be placed on the{ same desk. This report can also be conveniently made in similar way at the Union's room in the office of Mitsui Bussan Kaisha (2nd floo .. National City Bank Bldg.). With the foregoing information the Unien will make an'angements for the necessary changes to the pennitted CIllS as well as for tbe distribution of mixed fuel. 3. If tbe above information is not submitted within tbe stipulated time. the cbanges of the cars and distribution of mixed fuel may not be done, and as a result tbe cars can not be operated. Therefore, all those with permits to USe tbeir cars are urged to send promptly the above infermation. MAN ILA LIQUID FUEL DISTRIBUTING UNION

AN NOUNCEMENT (February 15, UH2). The sale and distribution of matches and cigarettes in Greater Manila has been regulated by the industrial department of the military administration with the vie\\' to pegging the prices of these articles at their normal level. An inquiry made by the industrial department revealed that the exorbitant prices now demanded for matches and cigarettes are due to the belief tbat there is a shortage of these articles in the market. Th e survey, however, sbowed that there is still an abundance of these goods in stock. To re.,"UIate the sale and distribution of matches and cigarettes, the military authorities designated distributors for these articles and fixed their selling prices. The authorities Simultaneously warned that persons selling these goods at prices higher than those fixed will be severely punished. The following regulations were issued: Matches: (1) dealers a. Members of Japanese Trade Association of General Merchandise. b. Members of Japanese Refreshment Association c. Japanese Stores authorized by the Office of the Japanese Military Administra.tion d. Stores owned by Filipinos and others designated by the Department of Agri oulture and Commerce.

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(2)

Sales-price lind limit of quantity of Matches . Retail price 12 centavos for 1 package (each package contolining 12 small packages) for one perSon or 1 centavo for 1 package (small). b. Maximum limit for one perSon is 1 package. Cigarette (1) deal"", a. Members of Japanese Trade Association of General Merchandise. b. Japanese stores authorized by the Japanese Military Adntinistration HeadquarterS. c. Philippine or other stores appointed by the Department of Agriculture and Commerce. a.

TI

Sale-price and limit of quantity of Cigarettes. a. Retail price for different kinds will be as foil ows: R etail price for 1 package

Brand

Pagkakaisa ... 1' . lO Rositas in 308 ... .. . . 10 Rositas in 3OS ................. . . 09 Spark .. ...... . .20 La Dieha .. . . 10 Daily Double ...... . . 15 Rosalina .... .09 La Al1lOra .. .08 EI Amor . .. . . 10 ffi iran .... . .09 Katipun8Jl .. . 08 Ninfa Filipina.. . .10 Hebra ...... . ...... . . 13 . ........ . Farmer ......... . 10 Acme Hollywood . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ..... ..... ... .... . . 15 La EstreUa . . ................... , ........... ........ . . 10 La Sua vidad . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ..............â&#x20AC;˘.............. . 10 Laban.. ..... . ........... ... .... ... . ...... . ... . ...... ......... . . 15 B. B. B.. .. . .... . . .. .. . .......... .... ... ......... . .10 Abutin . ..................... . .......................... . . 08 .. . . .. . . . .. . . â&#x20AC;˘ . . . .. . ..................... .. Pectoral B.B.B.... . . 10 Liwayway............ . .... .. ..... ..... ... . ........... . . 10 . . ..... . . . ... ....... ... . . . La Nobleza ...... . 10 Pals 208.............. . ... ......... ......... . ......... . . 10 Pals lOS. . . ..... ... . . . ................ ..... . ................ . . 05 Mahaba Blanco ... . . . . . 11 Mallaba Regaliz .. ..... . .... .. . ..... . . .11 Cagayanes ........ . .............. . . 11 Alham bra Cortes . .. ......... . ... . . 11 Alhambra Superiores. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ......... . . Il Pilipinas Blanco . ..... .. .... . . 11

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Pilipinas Regaliz . . . . . . .... . ........ .... .. .. . .... .. . ........ . i' .11 . 10 La Simpatica. .. . ............. . ... . . .. ....... .. . . .... .. .. .. . .. .10 La Simpatica (Short) .. , ......... ........ .. ........ .. . La G I·andez. (Large) .................................................. . . 10 . 10 L. Bieol.n a (Short).. .... .. ...................... .. 10 La G I'andeza (Short) . ........................ .. ....... .. .. . . 10 La Grande,a A M ano .......... .. ................ .. . 10 Paramount... . ........ . 10 Indian H ead (Long) .... .. ............... .... ... . . ..... ......... . . 10 SP<JI't.. .. .. ....... .. . ....•..........•.. ... ........ ~

King . .. . . . ....... . ....... .. .. .. .. . .... ........ ...... .... .... .

Capitol . . ....... ...... .. .............. .......... ... .... . " ............ . La Indiana (Long) ................................................ . La Indiana (Short) ........... . l\I askee . . . , ........ . b) l\laximllm limit fol' one pel'son i, I package.

. 12 . 12 . 11 10

. 10

OFFICE OF .JAPA"I~SE l\lJLlTAll Y '-\D~ll:\ISTR ATIO:-;

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Section 7. Ajfail's Concerning Headquarters of Commander for the D efense of Greater Manila ::-IOTIFICATIO::-I (January 8, 1942). The Delense Headquarters of the Greater Manila City of the Imperial Japanese Forces are established at Military Plaza. 2. The aim of the defense is to secure public peace and order and to prevent lawlessness in the Greater Manila City. Civilians need not worry and may enjoy their daily life. 3. Those who commit hostile actions against the Imperial Japanese Forces and plunder any property shaU be punished severely. 4. The people who are permitted to enter the buildings and areas guarded b.v the Japanese soldiers shall be given certificates issued by the Defense Commanding Officeiin-Chief. The certificate is given at the Defense Headquaters. 5. Meetings and assemblies are prohibited in general, except those admitted especially by the Defense Commanding Officer-in-C ief. 6. Those who want to aid the Imperial Japanese Forces on welfare or defense, should come to the Gend8.l'/llerie (at J ai-Alai) or the Defense Headquarters. 1.

COMMANDER FOR THE DEFENSE OF GREATER MANILA.

NOTIFICATION (January 31st, 1942). As there is possibility of enemy air-raid, precautIOnary black-out is ordered throughout Greater Manila City for the time being. COMMANDER FOR THE DEFENSE OF GREATER MANILA

NOTIFICATION (February 3, 1942). In order to keep peace and order, the Imperial Japanese Army will be obliged to use arms against those who enter without permission into the structures under the administration of the Army. as well as general houses. warehouses, etc .. of the authorities and loot therein; and the lives of the committees of the above-mentioned acts shall not be guaranteed by the Imperial Japanese Army. COMMANDER FOR THE DEFENSE OF GREATER MANllA

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KOTIFICATION (February 4, 1942.) Due attention must be paid by the veEsels on voyages in the neigbbouring water as tbe Target Practice with loaded sheUs is to be beld in the direction of Corregidor between 9 a.m. to 12 a.m. on February 5th from northern canst in the vicinity of Polo Club in Pasay. COMMANDER FOR THE DEFEKSE OF GREATER MANILA.

NOTIFICATION (February 7, 1942). Due attention mu,t b~ paid by the ve58els on voyages in tbe Deighborinl: water as the Target Prsctice with loaded shells is to he held in the direction of Corregidor between 9 s.m. to 6 p. m. OD February 10th from northern coast in the "icinity of Polo Club in Passy. COMMANDER FOR THE DEFENSE OF GREATER MANILA.

NOTIFICATION (February 14, 1942). Headquarters of the 315t Special Base Squac\ron of the Japanese Army announces the holding of firing practice today and notice is herehy given so tbat due attention may be paid by tbe public. Date, Saturday, February 14, 1942. Place: Northeastern coast of Point Sangley, Cavite. HEADQUARTERS, THE 31st SPECIAL BASE SQUADROK.

NOTIFICATION (February 15, 1940). TAOMAS HENRY FLECRER, English (nom de plum) HENRY EDWARO ~7YNOX,

English

(no17l de plum)

BRECKY BRUSRWICK SEA COCK, EngliSh (nom de pI lim)

These three Britishcrs, together with other enemy nationals, have been interned on January 3rd, 1942. But of late. taking ad\"antage of the generosity and good trentment wliich they were accorded by the Japanese Army, they bave not only disobeyed orders and disrupted the peace of the.camp, but they have also tried to communicate

[60]


ith the outside world for the purpose of gh ing information to the enemy. Lastly they tried to escape from the camp on the evening of February 1lth, 1942. Therefore, they were court-martialled and shot to death in accordance ,,~th military laws.

IV

COMMANDER FOR THE DEFENSE OF GREATER MANILA .

NOTIFICATION (February 15, 1942). Due attention must be paid by the vessels on voyages in the neighbouring water as tbe Target Practice witb loaded sbells is to be held in the wrection of Correg;dor between 9 a.m. to 1 p.m. on February 17th from northern coast in tho vicinity of Polo Club in Passy. COMMA! DER FOR THE DEFENSE OF GREATER MANILA.

C\TOTlFICATION (February 15, 1942). All the citize o[ the City of Greater Manila are requested to take care of tbe practices of ball-firing to be beld as under: Time and Date: At and from 9:00 a.m. to 12 noon on tbe 17th instant. Location: The target-ground northeast of Camp Murphy . Object: Training a d test of firing. Kind of guns and n~ber of shots: Heavy machIDeguns.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . â&#x20AC;˘ . . . . . . . . . . . . 100 sbots. 5 shots. Trench gun.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . COMMANDER FOR THE DEFENSE OF GREATER MANILA.

~OTIFICATION

(February 15, 1942). Tbe Japanese Army will hold sbell firing practice from 12 to 8 p.m. on February 22, (Sunday) between the City of Cavite and Cailacao Beach, Cavite. Due attention sbould be paid by the public. COMMANDER FOR THE DEFENSE OF GREATER MA N ILA

NOTIFICATION (February 16. 1942). The notification containinlZ the traffic rul es in Greater Manila is as follows: Tn order to avoid traffic accidents, motorists are advised to observe tbe following rules strictl y: I. Always ohev the rule of running or stoppi ng on the left side of the street;

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2. Tbe speed is limited as foUolYs: For private cars, less tban 40 kilometers per bour; for trucks, less tban 30 kilometers per bour; 3. Tbe motorists need not hesitate to lower the speed of the car or to give an alarm in dangerous seotions; 4. For the time being. it is prohibited for motor cars to travel without proper blackout shades; 5. Motorists are ad vised to obey strictly the instructions given by traffic officials. COMMANDER FOR THE DEFENSE OF GREATER MANILA.

NOTIFICATION (February 17, 1942). Residence certificates given to the citizens of Greater Manila will be issued at otber stations in addition to tbat at the Asakura Special Mission (CaUe Aduana. Intramuros) for tbe convenience of city residents and in view of the difficulties of transports,. tion and the desire of tbe military autborities not to subject applicants to tbe heat and to a long woj t. The offices wbere residence certificates will be issued are as follows: 1. For central part of Manila: Asakura Special Mission, CaUe Aduana, Intramuroa. 2. For northeastern section of city: Quezon City Hall, Quezon City . 3. For northweste part of city: Meisic elementary schMI (13inondo section). 4. For southern part of cit.v: Sant.. Ana Cabaret. 5. For northern part: Anti polo elementary school. 6. For northeastern section: San Juan elementary school. Office hours: 7 a.m. to 6 p.m. (daily and Sundays) for the Asakura Special Mission. Other offices apart from Asakura Special Mission: 9 a.m. to 6 p.m. (daily and Sundays).

[62 ]


Section 8. Affairs Concerning Headquarters of Milittlry Police of the Imperial Japanese Forces NOTIFICATION

(January 19, 1942).

The headquarters of the Japanese Military Police, located at Fort Santiago, Manila, has opened the following 10 Sub-Stations, in order to maintain peace and order for the protection of law-abiding citizens. Tel. Sub-Sl.aU<m L",:alion No. I-Air Port Studio (Azcarrage., Tondo) ... . . .......... 4-97-95 No. 2-Centrnl Hotel (Ave. Rizal comer Azcarraga) ... . .. 2-44-60 No.3-Insular Life, Building (plaza Moraga) ........ .' .. .. .... .. 2-26-01 No. 4-Daymon Glass Store (420 Rotonda, Sampaloc) .. ... . . ... 6-77-39

Di.,tricl under care

Tondo, San N icol as Santa Cruz Binondo Sampaloc, Quiapo, S. Miguel Sta. Mesa. Pandacan. Paco. Santa Ana. Ermita, Malate, Pasay . Pasay

No. 5-Penafrancia, Paco \ .. . ........ . 5-41-71 No. 6--Jru-AlSl, Ave. Taft . .. . . ... . . . . 2-46-45 none No. 7- 1~ Harrison, Pasay.. . . . . . No.8-Provincial Capitol Bldg. none Rizal (pasig, Rizal). " . . " .. " " " No.9-Fort Santiago (Intramuros) . ... ..... .... ..... . . . 2-23-21 Intramuros No. 10--309 Kubao none Quezon City Quezon City. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . In case of disturbance of peace and order, or for any consultation. citizens are advised to present such problems to the nearest Military Police Sub-Station without hesitation. HEADQUARTERS OF MILITARY POLICE OF THE IMPERIAL JAPANESE FORCES.

NOTIFICATION (January 20, 1942). American I'nd British citizens who are not yet interned should present themselves to the authorities at the internment camp at the University of Santo Tomas and receive further instructions from]the officer in cbarge.

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Persons who have been exempted from internment due to some illness or to other special reasons but do not possess certificates issued by the Japanese military police should also report same to the authorities at Santo Tomas University immediately. HEADQUARTERS OF MILITARY POLICE OF THE IMPERIAL JAPANESE FORCES

)lOTI FICA TION (January 23, J94Cl). Some citizens of the belUgerent nations. who were registered the other day at the Department of Military Administration of the Imperial Japanese Forces, regard the registration as exemption from their being interned. It is a misunderstanding on their part. They should promptly go to the Santo Tomas University and be interned there. Those who do not present themselves in three (3) days shall be regarded as having committed a malicious act. HEADQUARTERS OF MILITARY POLICE OF THE IMPERIAL JAPANESE FORCES.

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BY THE CHAIRMAN OF THE EXECUTIVE COMMISSION EXECUTIVE ORDER NO. SUMMARY OF ORGANIZATION OF THE CENTRAL ADMINISTRATIVE ORGANS AND JUDICIAL COURTS In accordance with Adlltinistrative Order No. 1 of the Commander-in-Chief of the Imperial Jap~ne3e Force. in the Philippine. dated January 30, 1942, and pursuant to the authority conferred upon me as Head 011 the Centrall Administrative Organization by OrderJNo. 1 of the:Said Commander-in-Chief of the Imperial Japanese Forces, it is hereby ordered thatARTICLE

I

The Central Administrative Organ. and Judicial Courts shall be reconstituted and shall function in accordance with the following summary of organization: Central Administrative Organs Chairman of the Execut"'e Commission Budget and Auditing Office Bureau of Civil Service All Examining Boards Office of Executive Secretary to tbe Commission (Official Gazette) Bureau of Purchase and Supply Bureau of Printing Government-owned or controlled Corporation.

Department of the Interior Bureau of Local Governments (Provincial, City, Municipal and Specially Organized Local Governments including Greater Manila) Bureau of Constabulary and Police Bureau of Religious Affairs Bureau of the Census and Statistics Department of Finance Bureau of the Treasury Bureau of Customs and Internal Revenue Bureau of Financing (Including Banking, Insurance, etc.) Government Service Insurance System Philippine Charity Sweepstakes

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Department of Justice Bureau of Justice Bureau of Prisons Court of Appeals Courts of First IIllItance Provincial and City Fiscal. and SherilJs J usttce of the Peace Courts and Municipal Courts Code Committee Department of Agriculture and Commerce Bureau of Agricultural Administration (Including National Land Settlement and Rural Progress Administration) Bureau of Plant and Animal Industry Bureau of Lands Bureau of Forestry and Fishery Bureau of Science Bureau of Commerce and Industries Bureau of Mines Weather Bureau Depertment of Education. Health, and Public Welfare Bureau of Public Instruction Bureau of Private Education Bureau of Physical Education Bureau of Health (Including Quarantine Service) Bureau of Puhlic Welfare (Including matters pertaining to Labor) University of the Philippines National Library Institute of National Language Philippine General Hospital Department of Public Works and Communication. Bureau of Public Works Bureau of Communications Bureau of Transportation Bureau of Public Utilities Metropolitan Waterworks Office 2.

Superior

COUTt

ARTICLE

II

Supreme Court The specific duties. functions and activities to be performed by the administrative Departments, bureaus ann offices as herein recpnstituted, will be determined and d&finel! in subsequent executive orderâ&#x20AC;˘.

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Done in the City of Greater Manila. Philippines, this January. 1942. (Sg'l.) JORGE B.

30th

day

of

VARGAS

Chair man of the Exutllive Commission

APPROVED by the Commander-in-Chief of the Imperial Japanese Forces in the Philippines on January 30, 1942.

OFFICE OF THE CHAIRMAK OF THE EXECUTIVE CO ~'lMJ SSIOK MALACA~ A N PALA CE BY THE CHAIRMAK OF THE EXECUTIVE COMMISSIOK

ExECUTIVE ORDER

ARTICLES OF

ORGAl~IZATION

Ko. 2

OF THE PHILIPPINE COUNCIL OF STAT E

Pursuant to the approval by the Commander-in-Chief of the Imperial Japanese Fore.. in the Philippines a~ contained in his Administrative Order No. 1 dated January 30. 1942. tile following Articles of Organization of tbe P hilippine Council of State are hereby publish~d for the information and guidance of all concerned: ARTICLE

J

The Philippine Council of Stat.. is organized as an adv'isory body for the administration of the territory of the Philippines occupi ed by tbe Imperial Japanese Fore.. with the end in view. tbat said administration may redound to the benefit of the Filipino people. ARTICLE

II

The members of the Council are those who have affixed their signatures to the written response dated January 23. 1942. to the message of January 8th from the representative of the Imperial Japanese Forces addressed to the representative of men of importance in the Philippines. and such :additional members as the Chair路 man of the Council may. witb the approval of the Commander-in-Ohief of the Imperial Japanese Forces. designate from time to time. ARTI CLE

111

The Chairman of the Oouncil sball be appointed by tbe Commander-m路Obief of the Imperial Japanese Forces_out of the members.of the Council.

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ARTICLE

IV

Meetings of the Council shall he held at the call Qf the Commander-in-Chie of the Imperial Japanese Forces or of the Cb&.irman of the Executive Commission. Twelve members of the Council present shall constitute a quorum. Adopted. Manila. January 29th. 1942. Done in the City of Greater Manila. tbis 31st day of January, 1942. (Sgd.) JORGE B. VAnGAS Chairman of the Eucutiue Commission APPROVED by the Commander-in-Chief of the Imperial Japanese Forces in the Philippines on January 30, 1942.

OFFICE OF THE CHAIRMAN OF THE EXECUTIVE COMMISSION MALACA~A:\T PALACE BY THE CHAIRMA

T

OF THE EXECUTIVE COMMISSION

EXECUTIVE ORDER No.3 CONTINUING UNTIL FURTHER ORDERS THE DAYLIGHT-SAVING TIME FOR THE PHILIPPINES Pursuant to the autho ity conferred upon me as Head of the Central Administrative Organization by Order No.1 of the Commander-in-Chief of the Imperial Japanese Forces in the Philippines, the daylight-saving time for the Philippines established under Proclamation No. 789. dated Decemher 13, 1941. is hereby continued until further orders. Done in the City of Greater Manila, Philippines, this 31st day of January, 1942. (Sgd.) JORGE B. VARGAS Chairman of the EZ8CUtive Commission

OFFICE OF THE CHAIRMAN OF THE EXECUTIVE COMMISSION MALACAl'l'AN PALACE BY THE CHAIRMAN OF THE EXECUTIVE COMMISSION EXECUTIVE ORDER No. 4 DEFINING THE DUTIES, FUNCTIONS AND ACTIVITIES OF THE CENTRAL ADMINISTRATIVE ORGANS Ai D JUDICIAL COURTS, AS RECONSTITUTED. Pursuant to the authorit.v conferred upon me as Head of the Central Adminis-

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trativ. Organization by Order No.1 of the Commander-in-Chief of the Imperial Japanese Fore ... in the Philippines. and upon the recommendation of the Executive Commission. the duties. funotions and activities of the central administrative organs and judicial courts. except the Supreme Court. as reconstituted under Executive Order No.1 , dated January 30, 1942, are hereby determined and definen as follows :

ARTICLE I CHAIRMAN OF THE EXECUTIVE COMMISSION SECTION 1. He shall. subject to the commands and orders of the Commander-inChief of the Imperial Japanese Forces...~ercise !Zeneral executive supervision and control over all the central administrative organs and judicial courts. except the Supreme Court. as reconstituted under Executiv. Order No. I. dated January 30. 1942. and shall have direct control of the Budj!et and Auditing Office. the Bureau of Civil Service and all Examining Boards. the Office of the Executive Secretary to the Commission, the Bureau of Purchase and Supply. the Bureau of Printing. the Government-Owned or Controlled Corpo~ations. and all other bureaus. offices or instrumentalities of government not specificall ossigned to any of the executive departments. SEC. 2. Budget a(id Auditinp Office.-The authority and powers of this Office shall ..<tend to and comprehend all matters relating to the preparation of the budget of income and expenditures of the Government. to the release of funds and the expenditure of appropriations and allo\ments. to accounting procedure, including the keeping of the accounts of the Central Administrative Organization and the government-owned or controlled corporations. th~ preservation of vouchers. the methods of accountinlZ. the examination and inspection of the books. records. and papers relatinlZ to such account , and to auclit and settlement of the accounts or all persons respecting funds or property recei ved or held by them in an accountable capacity. as well as to the ..<amination and audit of all debts and c\sinis of any sort due from or owing to the Government in any of its branches. It shall also be its duty to make from time to time a careful and thorough check and audit of all property of the bureaus and offices. not only of the Central Administrative Organization but also of the government of the provinces, cities, municipalities and specially-organized local government,s. including Greater Manila. SEC. 3. Bureau 0/ GWil Service-Cal It shall b.. among the powers and duties of this Bureau, to keep a record of all officers and employees in the permanent service of the different branches of the Government, including the absences of those entitled to leave of absence. to have control of all ci"i1 service ....aminations. to have exclusive jurisdiction over the remo'路,,!. separation and suspension of subordinate officer. and employees in the Ch>:il Service and over all other matters relating to the conduct. discipline and efficiency of such subordinate officers and employees. subject to review by the Commissioner of the department concerned. and to make investigations and special reports upon all matters relating to the enforcement the Civil Service Laws and rules and regulations. (b) All Examining Boards-The different Boards of Examiners shall conduct the necessary examinations heretofore given by the different examining boards and perfonn other duties in connection tberewith.

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SltC. 4. Office of lite Execut1!J8 Seaetary /Q 1M Commi8sion-(a) The Executive Secretary to the Commission shall acl as Executive Officer of th. Commission and of the Chairman thereof and shall perform such other dutie. as the Chairman of the Commission or the Commission itself may delegate to him. (b) Official GazeUe-The Office of the Executive Secretary shalJ take charge of editing the Official Gazette which shall contain all the orders and proclamations of the Commander-in-Chief of the Imperial Japimese Forces and of the Chairman of the Executive Commission, such decisions or ahstracts of decisions of the Supreme Coun as may be deemed by said court of sufficient importance to be eo published, and such document. as may be required to he publisbed by law or by order of tbe Commander-inChief of the Imperial Japanese Forces or by the Chairman of the Executive Commission. SEC. 5. Bureou of Purchase and Supply-It sball be tbe function of this Bureau to procure and furnisb equipment and supplies to the various offices, officials and branches of the Administration and to other persons entitled to make purcbases through said bureau, the same being required for official or other lawful purpose. S"". 6. Bureau of Printing-It shall he cbarged with the execution of all printing and binding, including work incidental to thoee processes, required by the Central Administrative Organization and such other work of the same character as this Bureau may, by law or by order of the Commander-in-Chief of the Imperial Japanese Forces or the Chairman of the E.",ecutive Commission, b. authorized to undertake, and sball have the control and operation of ail branch pl'inting and bookbinding offices maintained for the accomplishment of such service. SEC. 7. Government-OwMd or lS:ontroUed Corpora/ions-Cal The corporations owned or controlled by the1government .hall perform sucb functiono and duties .... may be required of them by law by the Commander-in-Chief of the Imperial Japanese Forces in the Philippines or by the Chairman of the Executive Commission for the promotion of the economic development of the country and tbe a~justment of the Philippine economy. , (b) Witb the prior approval of tbe Commander-in-Chief of the Imperial Japanese Forces in the Philippines, the Chairman of the Executive Commission may authorize the operation of tbe following government-owned or controlled corporations: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. H.

Agricultural and Industrial Bank Cebu Portland Cement Company Insular Sugar Refining Corporation Manila Hotel Company Manila Railroad Company National Abaca and Other Fibers Corporation National Coconut Corporation National Development Company National Footwear Corporation National Food Products Corporation National Power Corporation National Rice and Corn Corporation National Trading Corporation National Tobacco Corporation

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15. National Warehousing Corporation 16. People's Homesite Corporation 17. Philippine National Bank

ARTICLE

II

DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR SEC. 8. The Department of the Interior shall perform its funotions under the executive authority of the Commissioner of the Interior who shnll have executive supervision and administrative control over the Bureau of Local Governments. the Bureau of Constabulary and Police. the Bureau of Religious Affairs. and tbe Bureau of the Census and Statistics. The Commissioner of the Interior shall perform the duties of Boards of Tax Appeals under tbe A.sessment Law. SEC. 9. Bureau of Local Governments-Ca) Tbis Bureau shall exeroise general supervision and admlnlstrative control over the governments of tbe provinces. cities, municipalities and specially organized local polltical subdivisions. including Greater Manila. and see tbat the laws are faithfully executed by rul officers therein. (b) Tbe administrative duties and functions of the different provinces. cities, municipalities and specially organized local governments including Gr~ater Manila, shall be continued as beretof6re insoiar as they ma.v be consistent witb tbe demands of the Imperial .Japan e Forces and the needs and requirements of tbe Central Administrative Organization. The provincial boards and the boards or councils of citi<ls, municipalities and specially organized local governments shall merely serve in un advisory capacity to the respective governors and mayors. SEC. 10. Bureau of OonsUibulary and Policr-It shall have direct cbarge of th e preservation of law and order in the Pbilippines, and for tbis purpose, it sball have control of the organization and activities of all pelice forces. It shall be its duty to suppress riots. brigandage. unlawful assemblies and breacb es of the peace. to help in the detection and prosecution of crimes, to acquire, collect. classify and preserve criminal identification records, and to see tbat the perpetrator3 of criminal offenses :are brought to justice. SEc. 11. BUTeau oj Religious Affairs-All religions or reli!,:ious organizations or orders heretofore existing or which may hereafter be established shall enjoy freedom of religion and worship, shall be free to preach their doctrines. and their religious rites shall be respected so long as they observe public order and good !social mannel'!'. Accordingly. the Bureau of Religious Affairs shall bave power of supervision over all religious organizations or orders in the Pbilippines. and after due investigation shall give authorization for the organization Illld estsblishment hereafter of other religious corperations or orders. It sball require religious organizations or orders to submit reperts from time to time concerning their membership, properties, facilities Illld otber matters relating to their organizations Illld activites. It shall attend to matters of proprietary character ofchurches and religious orders or organizations and to such other matters and activites as do not relate to the freedom of religion and cult and shall exercise supervision over matters pertaining to marriage and the registration of priests and ministers.

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SEC. 12. Bureau of the Census and Statistics-The pow.ers and duties of this Office shall be t.o collect by enumeration. samplinl: or other methods. and compile and publish statistics and other information concerning population. agricultural conditions, the area and production of crops, the num ber of livestock. the production of livestock produel<;. exports, imports. commerce. industrial and commercial enterprises. prices. employment wages, stocks of commodities, agricultural and other properties, social and economic institutions, and such other statistics as it may be directed to collect. It shall also perform the duties of Civil Re!!istrar General including all those heret.ofore performed by the local civil registrar for the City of Manila. and sball undertake the registration of aliens heretofore attended to by the Bureau of Immigration. ARTICLE III DEPARTMEKT OF FINAKCE SEC. 13. The Departm ent of Finance -hall perform its functions under tbe executive authority of the Commissioner of Finance who shall have executive supervision and administrative control over the Bureau of the Treasur'" the Bureau of Customs and Internal Rev~nlle, th .. Bureau of Financing, the Government Service Insurance System and the Philippine Charity weepstake.,. SEc. 14. Bureau of tl,.e 7'reailury-It shall be charged with the safe-keeping 0 government funds. the supervision of the currency, and generally with the administration of the laws or orde relating to coina~e an currency in the Philippines. SEC. 15. Bureau of (\ustoms\and Internal Revenue-The powers and duties of this Bureau shall comprehend, iunong others, the collection of all national internal revenue t"xes, fees, and chorges, and the enforcement of all forfeitures, penalties, and fines connected there,yith: the collecting or securing of the lawful revenues from dutiable merchandise. and tonnage dues and wharf charges: and. in general, the enforcement of all custems and internal revenue lawR and regulations in the Philippines. SEC. 16. B"reau of Financing-It shall be cbarged with the supervi~on and inspection of banks and banking institutions. insurance companies, mutual henefit, relief and benevolent a ociations, trusts for charitable uses, and other institutions engaged ID the extension of credit facilitic;. SEC. 17. Go"ernment Service I nsllrance System-Tt shall ha,'e charge of the service inRurance system for the benefit and protection of government employees in accordance with exi ting laws. and such rules and regulations as mav be promuJ~ated by the Commander-in-Chief of -the Imperial Japanese Forces or the Chairman of the Executive Comrni ion.

SEC. 18. Philippine Charity Sweepstakes-It shall conduct horse race sweepstakes and lotteries for charitable and civic purposes. AnnCLE IV DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE SEC. 19. The Department of Justice shall perform its functions under the executive authority of the CommissioneJ' of Justice ,vho shall bave executive superviSion and

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administrative control over tbe Bureau of Justice. tbe Bureau of Prisons. the Court of Appeals, the Courts of First Instance. the Provincial and City Fiscals and Sheriffs. the .Justice of the Peace and Municipal Courts and the Code Committee. The Commissioner of Justice shall be the Legal Adviser of the Government. and ez officio Legal AdviseI' 0 f all government-owned and controlled business enterprises. and upon proper request. sbaU give advice in the form of written opinions. on any question of law. to tbe Commander-in-Chief of tbe Imperial Japanese Forces or Ids representative. the Chairman of the E.~ecutive Commission. t.he respective Heads of the departments. the chiefs of the organized bureaus and offices, the trustee of any government institution, and any provincial fiscal. SEC. 20. Bureau of Justice-It shall constitute the law office of the Government, and by it shall be performed duties requiring the services of a law officer. It shall, among other tbings, be its duty to represent the Government in the Supreme Court and the Court of Appeals in aU criminal c"ses, and in all civil actioru; and special proceedings in which said Government or an y officer thereof in his official capacity is a party. SEC. 21. Bureau of P,iso" •. -It sball bave tbe super\'ision and control of national and provincial priBons and of aU penal settlements and shall be charged with the safekeeping of aU prisoners confined therein or committed to the custody of said Bureau. It shall make and keep a record and history of all prisoners confined in any prison or penal colony under i -supervision and control. SEC. 22. Court of Appeal3-The Court of Appeals shall have exclusive appellate jurisdiction of aU cases, actions, and proceedings, not falling witbin the jurisdiction of the Supreme Court, properly brought to it from Courts of First Instance, and original jurisdiction oyer matters which i has heretofore exercised. SEC. 23. Courts of First l nstance.-The Courts of First Instance shall have appellate jurisidction of all cases, actions and proceedings brought to it from justice of the peace and municipal courts, and original jurisdiction over matters wbich it has heretofore exercised.

SEC. 24. Prmincial and City Fiscal. and Sheriffs. ·- ·(a) Provincial and City Fiscals shall be the law officers of their respective pro\·inces or cities, and as such sball therein discharge the duties incident to the institution of criminal prosecutions. and represent the Government in all criminal cases in the courts held in 'such provinces or cities. It shall also be their duty, consistently with the provisions of law, to represent in said courts the Government and the officers and branches thereof in all civil actions and special proceedings. and generally. to act in such provinces or cities in all matters wherein said Government, or any branch or officers thereof, shall require the services of a lawyer. (h) Provincial Sheriffs shall he cbarged with the duty. among others, of attending. in person or hy deputy, the sessions of the Courts of First Instance. enforcing proper decorum in the court room. and preservinlt good order in their precincts: of serving all writs, executing all processes and carrying into effect all orders issued by the Courts of First Instance and courts of higher j urisdictiOD.

SEC. 25. Jusliu of th_ Peau and Municipal COllrts.-The justices of the Peace and Municipal Courts shall have jurisdiction of such cases, actions and proceedings as they have heretofore exercised.

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SEC. 26. Code CommiUu.-It shall revise and codify all the existing substantive laws of the Philippines to make them oonfonn with the customs, traditions and idiosyncracies of the Filipino people. with progressive principles of the .cience of law, and ha,-ing in view tbe changes brought about by the new order.

ARTICLE V DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE AND COMMERCE SEC. 27. The Department of Agriculture and Commerce shall perform its functions under the executive authority of the Commissioner of Agrioulture and Commerce who shall have e<eclltiv. supervision and administrative control over the Bureau of Agricultural Administration, Bureau of Plant and Animal Industry. Bureau of Lands, Bureau of Forestry and Fishery. Bureau of Science, Bureau of Commerce and Industries, Bureau of Mines, and Weather Bureau. SEC. 28. Bureau of Aoric.dtural Adminisiralion.-Its main honcbions shall be to afford opportunity tn tenant fatmers and small fanners from congested areas to own farms by facilitating the acquisition. settlement and cultivation of lands. whetber acquired from tbe Govemment or from private peT3ons: to encourage mie;ration to sparsely popuLa.ted regions; organize and establish agricultural cooperative associations and to provide or secure credit facilities t~erefor; to manage the landed estates that may be acquired from private owners; and to develop new money crops to take the place of the present export crop . SEC. 29. Bureau of and A!limal 1nd ir!l.-The functions of this Bureau shall be to investigate, stuily and report upon the condition of the plant and animal resources in the Philippines. their improved methods of production and care. inquire into and report the causes of danjrerous communicable diseases among them. and the means for the prevention and cure of the same; and, in general, to promote the development of the agricultural and livestock industry of the country. SEC. 30. Bureau of Land.\.-It shall be cbarged with the administration and disposition of puhJjc lands-not clasSified as timber lands or mineral lands-..nd of an other Dublic real propert.y DOt placed under the contro, 0: any other branch. department. bureau or office of the Government; shan conduct surveys of the public domain nnd other public propen)'. cadastral surveyS and official surveyS of private property; and shall perform such other duties as mav be nece5Sa'y for the effectuation of the laws relative to the registration of land, including supervision over the registers of deeds. I>Ec.31. Bureau of Forestryoand Fishery. -It shall have jurisdiction and authority over the demarcation, protection, management, development, reproduction, occupancy and use of all public forests and forest reserves, and of all insular and municipal fisheries and fishery reserves, and over the granting of licenses for game and aquatic products and for the taking of forest products. including stone and earth. therefrom: and, in general, it shall promote the development of the lumber and fishing industry of the country. SEC. 32. Burea" oj Science.-It shall be its functions, among others, to make investigations, conduct researches and do work of a scientific nature and to coordinate and make available the results thereof as pcnnanent contributions to knowledg~. It

\lanl

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shall also be charged with the acquisition, organization. preservation. acim.inistration ,

and maintenance of a museum containing pictures. paintings. sculpture. portraits. photographs. maps, geographical charts, and all objects which, by reason of their archaeological. artist,ie, scientific, or commemorative value should be permanent!y preserved

as a memento of. and out of veneration for, the great men of the country. as a testimony of the national history and culture. or for the benefit of culture in general. SEC. 33. Bureau of Commerce and loollstries.-lt shall be the duty of this Bureau to promote. stimulate. control and further the development and expansion of the domestic and foreign trade of the Philippines; to encourage the establishment and de,'elopment of the household industries and cooperat.ive enterprises; to provide for the registration of corporations, securities, trade marks and patents; to make investigation concerning the nature, organjzatioD, and resources of the business of aU persons; to establish commercial and produce exchanges: to compile. compare and publish the tariffs of other countries in languages known in this country; and, in general, to promote the commerce and industries of tbe count<:,路. SEC. 34. Bureau of Mines.-It shal hS"e charge of the administration and disposition of mines, minerals, and miner&! land

ano, in general, of promoting the deve-

lopment of the mining industry in the PhilipplDCl'. SEC. 35. IT'""th.,. BUTeau.-The functions of the Weather Bureau shaU be, among others, to maintain an efficient system of weather forec.asts and storm warnings; to dis-

play typhoon signals in Manila and in the other main harbors or cities of the Philippines; and to prepare daily weather maps of t.he Far F,ast at the central office and distribute them shortly after noon to be posted in me of the more conspicuous places in Manila for the benefit of the public.

ARTICLE

VI

DEPAHTMEI\T OF EDUCATION. HEAL'l'H A:\,D PUBLIC WELFARE SEC. 36. The Department of Education. Health and Public Welfarn shall perform its functions under the executi ve authority of the Commi ioner of Education. Health and Public Welfare who shall have executive supen'ision and administrative control over the Bureau of Public Iu truction. Bureau of Private Education. Bureau of Physical Education. Bureau of Health. Bureau of Public Welfare. Universitv of the PhilIppines, :\'ation91 Library, In titute of Xationsl Language, and the Philippine General Hospital. EC. :l7. BUTeau of Public In.tTIlclioll.-To the Bureau of Public Instruction is committed t.he admmistration of the public school system and t he supervision of the

general school interests of the Philippines. so far as t.he same may b~ autborized bv law

or b)' orders of the Commander-in-Chief of the Imperial Japanese Forces or of the Chairman of the Executive Commission It shall also be charged with the conduct and management of all specia] schools supported from government funds.

Ec.38 BlIffall of Private Edllcatioll.-This Bureau shall have the dutv of maintaininl! a gen~ral standard of efficiency in all private schools and colleges of the Philippines, so that the same shall furnish adequate instruction to the public. in accordance with the class and grade of instruction given therein, and for this purpose. it shall be

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authorized to supervise, inspect and regulate said schools and colleges in order to deter mine the efficiency of the instruction given in the same. SEC. 39. BW'eau of Physical Education.-It shall be the duty of this Bureau to encourage systematic physical exercise and education. to promote and improve athletic sports among amateurs. to establish and maintain a uniform test of amateur standing and uniform rules for the government of aU athletic sports. to institute. regulate and award national amateur athletic championships. to organize and direct the trainin!!, of athletes to represent the Philippines in international contests, and to encourage and promote the establishment of public playgrounds and recreational facilities. SEC. 40. Bureau of HeaUh.-This Bureau is charged with the protection of the health of the people of the Philippines and the maintenance of sanitary conditions therein. Its general powers and duties shall extend to and com prebend. among other things, tbe conduct and management, of government hospitals and sanitaria and supervision of all hospital. for dangerous communicable diseases; tbe effectuation and maintenance of internal quarantine in times of epidemic or threatened spread of any dangerous communicable disease: and the effectuation , at regular intervals or from time to time as conditions rna.v require. of systematic inoculations of the people of the .ountry by the use of virus, serums or propbylactics. The examination in ports of the Philippines of incoming and outgoing vessels and the necessary surveillance over their sanitary conditions. as well as of c~rgo, pas!engers crew and of all personal effects, and tbe issuing of quarantine certificates and bills heaUh, shall also be vested in and be conducted by tbe Bureau of Healtb. SEC. 41. Bureau of ublic TITelfare. -It shall be the function of this Bureau to investigate, promote, coordinate. inspect and regulate all work related with maternity hygiene and child welfare, and to organize, maintain and supervise agencies and institutions rendering social se~vices and otherwise to promote the social welfare of tbe people. It shall also have charge and supervision over all matters related witb the welfare of the Filipino laborers. SEC . 42. University of the Philippine8.-The purpose and function of the University of the Philippines shall be to provide for advanced instruction in literature, philosophy, the sciences, and arts, and to give professional and technical training. With the advice and recommendation of the Dean or Director concerned, the President of the University shall perform the duties and functions of tbe Board of Regents and the University Council. SEC. 43. NatiolUll Library.-The powers, duties and function s of tbe National Library sball. among others, he tbe preservation of all books, libraries. and library material or equipment belonging to the institution or confided to its custody; tbe acquisition, by purchase. loan. or gift, of additional hooks, libraries or other material contributory to its ends and purposes; the supplying of adequate reading facilities to tbe public in the City of Greater Manila, and so far as practicable, the extension of such facilities into the provinces. SEC. 44. InstitulÂŁ of Na!i01UlI Language.-It shall be tbe duty of this Institute to make a study of the Filipino languages in general with a view to the development and adoption of a national language based on the Tagalog language. and upon tbe recommendation of the Department Head and with tbe approval of the Chairman of the Exe-

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cutive Commission. the Institute shall have authority to corrert. alter, or amend the lin~uisti c forms and expreosions of any or all text books written in the national language of the Philippines which are intended for adoption as official texts in the schools and

.

ro~_

SEC. 45. Philippine General Ilospital.-Jt shall be incumbent upon this institution to provide for the training of medical studen ts of the University of the Philippines and for the accommodation and medical treatment of emergency patients in tbe City of Greater Manila, to render free medical service to such persons entitled thereto as shall apply for tbe same. and so far as the facilities and means of the hospital shall extend, to supply medical service and medical attendance gratuitously to poor persons in said city. When not incompatible with tbe interests of tbe Hospital. suitable accommodations anel attendance shall be supplied to pay patients upon terms to be fixed by regulations.

ARTICLE VII DEPARTMENT OF PUBLIC WOl,m S AKD COMMUNICATIONS SEC. 46. The Department of Public Works and Communications shall perform its functions under the executive authority of the Commissioner of Public Works and Communications who shall have executive super vision and administrative control over

the Bureau of Public Works, Bureau of Communications, Bureau of Transportation, Bureau of Public Utili tie and the Metropolitan Waterworks Office. SEC. 47. Bureau of Public lVorks.-The general functions of the Bureau of Public Works shall. among other things. comprise the making of needful preliminary investigations, plans. specifications, and estimates for the construction or repair of all public works and improvements; the letting of contracts therefor, and supervision over theu' construction. maintenance and repair: the supervision of all the architectural features of bUildings, parks, streets, and permanent constructions and improvements of public character; the construction, maintenance and repair of public buildings, roads, bridges, sewers, waterworks, irrigation systems, wharves and port works, and other public works requiring engineering sk ill; the maintenance and repair of government buildings and as ignment of quarters to departments, bureaus and offices' and the apportionment and appropria.tion of water's and water rights.

SEC. 48. Bureau of CommtLnicali01l$.-It shall have the exclusive authority to establish. maintain. and discontinue post offices. and to establish. operate and maintain rural free mail delivery, rural money order and postal savin~s bank service. and to control all mail and postal busine s conducted in the Philippines, as well upon the waters within the maritime jurisdiction of the Philippines as upon land. and it shall likewise have the exclusive supervision, regulation and control of all telegraph and telephone lines nnd radio services, including submarine cables and wireless installa.tions, now or

hereafter under the jurisdiction or control of the government. SEC. 49. Bureau of Transportalion.-This Bureau shall have jurisdiction, supervision and control of all land. water, and air transportation facilities, and shall regulate the use and operation of tbe same. for the purpose of developing and promoting the transportation industry. It shall also be charged with the admeasurement, registra-

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tion, documenting and licensing of vessels built or owned in the Philippines; general supervision. control and regulation of the entry and clearance of vessels. whether engaged in domestic or foreign commerce, which shall now or in the future be placed under the supervision and control of the Government; the registration of motor vehicles. the licensing of operators of such vehicles, and supervision over the motor vehicle traffic; the supervision and control of Iightho\lSe6. buoys. beacons, navigation marks and their appurtenances, which shall now or in the future be placed under the jurisdiction and control of the Government; and the collection and distribution of hydrographic and geographic information valuable to navigating crafts. SEC. 50. Bureau of Public Utilities.-With the exception of transportation and communication services, it shall have jurisdiction, s upervision and control over all other public utilities and their franchise, equipment and properties, and for this purpose, it shall regulate their use and operation, including the determination of their public necessity or usefulness and the adequacy of their equipment, and the fixing of rates, tariffs, charges, and schedules. SEC. 51. Metropolitan Walerwork.'! Office.-It shall furnish and maintain an adequate water supply and sewerage service to the inhabitants of the territory comprised within the Metropolitan Water District, and of such other territory as may he authorized hy the Commapder-in-Chief of the Imperial Japanese Forces or the Chairman_of the Exbcutive Comn'lission.

ARTICLE

YIn

APPOINTMENTS SEC. 52. The Commissioners and the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court shall be appointed by the Commander-in-Chief of the Imperial Japanese Forces upon the recommendation of the Chairman of the Executive Commission. SEC. 53. The Associate Justices of the Supreme Court, the Assistant Commissioners, the Presiding Justice and iL"Sociate Justices of the Court of Appeals, the chiefs or directors of bureaus and offices, the judges and judges-at-Iarge of first instance, the provincial governors, and the mayors of chartered cities shall be appointoo by the Chairman of the Executive Commission upon recommendation of the Chi~f Justice of the Supreme Court or of the CommiSBionGr concerned and subject to the approval of the Commander-in-Chief of the Imperial Japanese Forces. SEC. 54. The assistant directors of bureaus and offices. the assistant attorneys of the Bureau of Justice. the judges and auxiliary judges of municipal courts. the justices and auxiliary justices of the peace. the provincial and city treasurers. fiscals. sheriffs. and board or council memhers. the re!risters of deeds. and all other highly technical and primarily confidential officials and employees sha1l he appointed by the Chairman of the Executive Commission upon the recommendation of the Commissioner concerned. SEC. 55. The chiefs of division and all ranking officials in the bureaUl! and offices shall be appointed by the Commissioner concerned. suhject to the approval of the Chairman of the Executive Commission, from among those certified as eligible by the Director of Civil Service.

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SEC. 56. All other employees including municipal and municipal district officials shall be appointed by the Commissioner concerned. upon the recommendation of the proper chief or director of bureau or office. from the list of eligibles as certified by the Director of Civil Service, but in the case of municipnl mayors and municipal council members, the recommendation of the governor concerned shall be sufficient. ARTICLE IX TRAl'lSITORY PROVISIONS SEC. 57. The D epartments, bureaus, offices, and instrumentalities of government existing in Manila and other areas under the Military Administration, which are not provided for herein, shall be considered as abolished or suspended, unl ess otherwise specifically directed by the Commander-in Chief of the Imperial Japanese Forces or by the Chairman of the Executive Commission. SEC. 58. The personnel, equipment, materials, records and other properties pertaining to bureaus and offices wbose activities have been absorbed or transferred to other bureaus or offices, shall be merged with tbe personnel, records and properties pertaining to the bureau or office concerned, to be used for the same purpose or purposes for which they were originally intended. The transfer of personnel, equipment, materials, records and other properties herein authorized shall be made by the Department Heads concerned. SEC. 59. The equipment. materials. records and other properties pertaining to hureaus and offices which have been abolished or 'Those activities have been suspended shall be placed under the C;"re and custody of the Exeeutive Secretary to the Commission who shall dispose of $em in accordance with the orders of the Commander-inChief of the Imperial Japlmolse Force' or of the Chairman of the Executive Commission. SFlC. 60. The officials and employees of departments, bureaus, offices and instrumentalities of government whose services mav no longer be required for the performance of the duties and functions herein prescribed for the different Administrative Organs and Judicial Courts. shall be retired Crom the service under such terms and conditions as the Executive Commission, with the advice of the Philippines Council of State, may prescribe, :and the Commander-in-Chief of the Imperial Japanese Forces in the Philippines, may approve. SEC. 61. When the exigencies of the service so require, the Chairman of the Executive Commission may, .ubject to the a pproval of the Commander-in-Chief of the Imperial Japanese Foroes, transfer activities together with their (.>rresponding appropriations, equipment and personnel from one d ep~rtment, hureau or office to another. Done at the City of Greater Manila, Philippines this 5th day of February, 1942.

(Sgd.) JORGE B. VARGAS Chairman of the Executive Commisnon

APPROVED by the Commander-in-Chief of the Imperial Japanese Forces in the Philippines on February 27, 1942, except as the provisions hereof might afl'ect activities and/ or institutionA under the direct control or supervision of the Imperial Japanese Forces.

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OFFICE OF' THE CHAlRlIlAK OF THE EXECUTIVE COMMISS[O MALACA:\:AN PALACE BY THE CH.\JR:'\lA :\, OF THE EXECUTIVE COllll1USSIOX

EXECUTIVE ORDER Xo ,';

I-lOUR

OF LABOR FOR GOYER:-iME)/T OFFICE

Except as otherwise 'pecifically authorized, the regular office hours for government bureaus and offices including provincial, city, and municipal governments, are herehy fixed from eight a.m. to two p.m. This order shall be witho ut prejudice to th e discretion of the Head of any Department, Bureau, or Office to extend the hours of labor fo r any or "II "f the employees under him whenever the interests of the public so require. Done at the City of Greater Manila, PhIlippines, this 6th day of February, 1942. ( gd.) JORGE B. YARGAS Cha.irman of the Executive Com'lnt:8siou

OFFI CE OF THE

CHAIRMA.t~

OF THE EXECUTIV E CO MMISSION MALACA l':"AK PALACE

BY THE CHAIRi\lAN OF THE E XE9UTIVE COMMISSION

EXECUTIVE ORDER No.6

ADOPTING THE CE:-ITRAL STANDARD TIME OF JAPAX Having been advised by the Commander-in-Chief of the Imperial Japanese Forces in the Philippincs that he has ado pted bej1:imtin g on the midnij1:ht of February 11. 1942, the Central Standard Time of Japan (Longitude East 135째, the Meridian Standard Time) as standard time of the Philippin es, I hereby announce, for tbe inlormation and guidance of all concerned, that the time so adopted is the same as tbe daylight-saving time mentioned in Executive Order No. 3 dated January 31, 1942, which is hereby continued indefinitely. Dono at the City of Greater Manila, Philippines, this 11 th day of February, 1942. (Sgd.) JORGE B. VARGAS Chairman of the Executive Commission

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BY THE CHAIRMAN OF THE EXECUTIVE COMMISSION

EXECUTIVE ORDER

No.7

SUSPENDING THE OBSERVA1'<CE OF ALL LEGAL HOLIDAYS, EXCEPT SUNDAYS Under the authority conferred upon me as Head of the Central Administrative Organization by Order No.1 of the Commander-in Chief of the Imperial Japanese Forces in the Philippines, the observance of all legal holidays as provided in existing law, except Sundays. is hereby suspended until further orders. Done at the City of Greater Manila, this 19th day of February, 1942. (Sgd.) J 0 RG E B. VHGAS Chairman 0/ the Executive Commission

OFFICE OF THE CHAIRMAN OF THE E.,UCUTIVE COMMISSION MALACA1i1AN PALACE BY THE CHAIRMAN OF THE EXECUTIVE COMMISSION

EXECUTIVE ORDER

No.8

PRESCRIBING LIMITATIONS ON WITHDRAWALS FROM THE PHILIPPINE POSTAL SAVINGS BANK Pursuant to the authority conferred upon me as Head of the Central Administrative Organization by Order No. 1 of the Commander-in-Chief of the Imperial Japanese Forces in the Philippines. it is hereby ordered that no withdrawal of deposit from the Philippine Postal Savings Bank shall hereafter be allowed in an amount exceeding fifty pesos per month in the case of a married depositor, or thirty pesos per month in the case of an unmarried depositor, without a permit therefor from the Commissioner of Public Works and Communication... These restrictions on withdrawals shall not be applied to deposits made after the reopening of the Bank. Done in the City of Greater Manila, this 20th day of Fehruary, 1942. (Sgd.) JORGE B. VABGAS, Chairman 0/ the Executive Commission

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OFFICE OF THE CHAIRMAN OF THE EXECUTIVE COMMISSION MALACANAN PALACE BY THE CHAIRMAN OF THE EXECUTIVE COMMISSION

EXECUTrvE ORDER

No.9

PRESCRIBING THE MANNER OF DISBtJRSEMENT OF FUNDS DEPOSIT. ED IN THE PIDLIPPINE NATIONAL BA 'K FOR USE OF THE CEC\fTRAL ADMINISTRATIVE ORGANIZATION Pursuant to the authority conferred upon me as head of the Central Administrative Organization b.v Order No.1 of the Commander-in-Chief of the Imperial Japanese Forces in the Philippines and upon recommend:ltion of the Executive Commission, it is hereby ordered that the amount of two million pesos made available by tbe Chief of the Militarv Administration for use o( the Central Administrative Organization and deposited in the Philippine National Bank and surh otoer funds as may hereafter be made available for the same purpose shall b disbursed in the following manner: I. One million pesos of the said amqunt is herebv set aside for payment of withdrawals from deposits in the Postal Savings Bank and for c4Shin~ posta! money orders issued. the remaining ne million pesos to be credited to the Central AdminIstrative Organization for the general expenses 01 the same. II. T~asury warran will he issued hy the head or chief of the bureau or office concerned after securing th approval of the Auditor General and Director of the Budget on the corresponding vqucher. The treasury warrant so issued shall be countersigned perso nally b~路 the A uelitor General and Dirertor of the Budget. III. Treasury warrants tbu issued and countersigned shall be cashed by the Philippine National Bank upon their presentation. the amount thereof to be charged against the deposit of the Central Adminjstrative Organization in .aid Bank. IV. In the i SUBnce of treasury warrants covering expenses or operation of thp Central Administrative Organization. the following order of priority 01 obligations and expenses of the different departments, bureaus and offices shall be followed: (ll For supplies and other sundry e'l'enses for the maintenance and operntion of ho,pitals. prisons and other correctional institutions, orphanages. biolo~ical products laboratories, stock farm s and breeding stations, seed larms and propa(Cation stat ions. and forestry and fisher,\' stations. Outstanding (reasury warrants issued for such expenses incurred after January 1, 1942, may be cashed under this item. (2) For wages of laborers and salaries of employees, who did not receive the 3-months salary advance, for December anel previou< months, 1941. Outstanding treasury warrants issued for such w"'ges and salaries msy he cashed under this item. (3) Wages of laborers and salaries of employees. who rendered services or reported for duty and who are retained in the service and sundry expenses lor the month 01 February. 1942. Outstanding treasury warrants jssued lor such purposes may be cashed under this item.

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(4) For wages of laborers and salaries of employees, who rendered services or reported for duty and who are to be laid off, for the month of January, 1942. Outstandinjl treasury warrants issued for such wages and salaries may be cashed under this item. (5) Current expenses of the Central Administrative Organization. (6) 3-months salary or wage advance to laborers and employees who are entitled thereto but who have not yet received payment thereof. Outstanding treasury warrants issued for such advance payment of wages and salaries may be cashed under this item. (7) Wag... of laborers and salaries of employees, who rendered services or reported for duty and who are retained in the service, Cor January, 1942. (8) All other unpaid obligations. Outstanding treasury warrants issued for such obligations may be cashed under this item. Payments under items (6) and (8) shall be subject to tbe prior approval oC the Chief of the Military Administration. V. Outstanding treasury warrants issued prior to the date of this Order but which are payable in accordance with the above schedule of priority shall be cashed by the Philippine National Bank from the deposit referred to upon the personal authorization therefor by the Auditor General and Director of tbe Budget. Done in the City of Greater Manila, this 24th day of February, 1942. (Sgd.) JORGE B. VARGAS Chainnan of the Executive Commission

OFFICE OF THE CHAIRI\'IA1,{ OF THE EXECUTIVE COMMISSION MALACA~AN PALACE BY THE CHAIRMAN OF THE EXECUTIVE COMMISSION EXECUTIVE

ORnER No. 10

PRESCRIBING RULES GOVERNING THE REGISTRATION OF WATERCRAFT AND WATER TRANSPORTATION FACILITIES IN THE PHILIPPINES. At tbe request of tbe Chief of the Japanese Military Administration and pursuant to the authority conferred upon me as Head of the Central Administrative Orgnni2ation by Order No. I of the Commander-in-ChieC oC tbe Imperial Japanese Forces in tbe Philippines, the Collowing rules governing the registration of Philippine watercraft and water tran.partation Cacilities, with tbe object oC obtaining and keeping a complete new record oC the condition of such watercraCt Cor ready reCerence in connection with tbe shipping administration. are hereby promulgated : J. Every person, whetber natural or arti6ci9.l. private or public, including government offices, in tbe Pbilippines, who owns or administers any kind of watercraft such as steamships, motorships, motorboats, launches, lighters, scows, rsscos. baneas. etc.,

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located in the Philippines, including those which are being operated by the Imperial Japanese ForceR. shall submjt reports for registration to the Bureau of Transportation, Department of Public Works and Communications, as promptly lIS possible. The foregoing registration system does not apply to foreign vessels which ce.ll at Philippine ports. but shall include tbose registered in the Philippines, whether or not located in the Philippines. 2. The registration report shall be accom plisbed by the watercraft owner or administrator in accordance with the attached Form No.1 and filed with the Director, Bureau of Transportation, either directly or thru the Provincial Governor or City or Municipal Mayor in whose province, city or municipality the declarant or the watercraft is lorat.,d . Tbe registration proper shall be accomplished in duplicate and written in English, by the Bureau of Transportation in the attached Form No.2. entitled "Certificate for Registration of Watercraft". These forms have been prepared and will be provided by the Japanese Military Administration Office. 3. Provincial Governors and City and Municipal Mayors shall act as agents of the Commissioner of Public Works and Communications in their respective provinces, cities and towns in furnishing and receivin/!: from the craft owners and administrators the registration reports (Form No.1) and delivering tbe certificate for registration (Form No.2) to them. The Provincial G01rernors and City and Municipal Mayors sball carefully check and verify tbe registration reports as soon as they are received and if found conect. sQal\ forward them to the Director of the Bureau of Transportation, Department of Public Works and Communications. These officials shall promptly deliver to the watercrll.{t owners or admjnistrators their certificates as soon as tbese are received from the Director of tbe Bureau of Transportation. 4. After the content~ of the registration reports have been checked and verified by the officers concerned and found correct, each item thereof shall be transcribed in the corresponding item of the "Certificate for Registration of Watercraft" (Form No.2) This certificate, accomplished in duplicate. together with the registration report (Form _' 0. 1) shall be submitted without delay to the Japanese Military Administration Office for certification and endorsement Upon receipt from the Japanese Military Administration Office of the Original certificate duly endorsed, together with the registration report, the Director of the Bureau of Transportation shall keep for record purposes the registration report (Form No.1) and shall deliver the ori~inal certificate of registration (Form No.2) to the owner or administrator of the watercraft concerned. either directly or thru the Provincial Govel'Oor or City 01' Municipal Mayor, as the case may be. 5. Owners and / or adminjstrators of watercraft who fail to submit the registration reports herein above required, shall neither receive nor be entitled to the protection of the Imperial Japanese Military Forces or the Pbilippine Civil Administration. 6. This system of watercraft registration is intended for tbe Philippines in general, but in the meantime it shall be started in the City of Greater Manila and suburbs and shall thereafter be gradually extended to every province of the Philippines as soon as the organization of each provincial government is completed. Done nt the City of Greater Manila, Philippines, this 26th day of February, 1942. (, gd.) .JORGE B. VARGAS Chairman of the Executive Commission

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OFFICE OF THE CHAlRMA1'l OF THE EXECUTIVE COMMISSIOK MALACA~A.t" PALACE BY THE CHAlRMAN OF THE EXECUTIVE COMMISSIO -

EXECUTIVE ORDER ::\0. 11

PRESCRIBIKG A NEW SCHEDuLE OF SALARIES FOR THE OFFICERS AND EMPLOYEES OF THE CENTRAL ADMIl\ISTRATIVE ORGA 'IZATIO AND THE JUDICIAL COURT . Pursuant to the authority conferred upon me as Head of the Central Administrative Organization by Order No.1 of the Commander-in-Chief of the Imperial Japanese Forces in the Philippines, and upon the recommendation of the Executive Commission, the following schedule of salaries for the officers and employees of the Central Administrative Organization and Judicial Courts is hereby prescribed effective as of January 23, 1942, the date of the establishment of the Executive Commission: 1. The Chairman of the Executive Commission. . . .... .... .. .. 1'8,400 p.a. 2. The Commissioners and the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court, each at . . .. .... . . . ..... .. . ... . . . .. . ... .... . .. .. . . .... . . 1'7,200 p.a. 3. The Auditor Genersl and Director of the Budget.. the Executive Secretar.\' o( the Commission, and the Associate Justices of the Supreme Court, each at . ... . . ......... .... .. .. .. .... . t'6,6oo p.â&#x20AC;˘ . 4. The Assistant ~mmissioners, the Chief of tbe Civil Service, tbe Presiding Justice of the Court of Appeals, and the President of the Unh'ersity of the Philippines, each at .. .... ... 1'6,000 p.a. 5. Tbe Associate Justices of the Court of Appeals, the Solicitor General, the Assistant Auditor General, the Assistant Director of the Budget, and the As.<istant Executive Secretary of the Commission. each at ... .. .. ..... .. .. . .. ........... . .. 1'5,400 p.a. 6. The Bureau Directors, the Judges of Courts of First Instance, and the Mayor of Greater Manila. each at . .. ...... . .... . . 1'4.800 p.a. 7. The Assistant Directors, each at ..... . . .. .. . ...... . ...... . . 1'3,600 p.a. 8. The positions of tbe employees in the Civil Service shall be classified into ten grades, such grades and their rates of compensation to he as follows:

Grade 1-3,600-3,360-3.120 2-3,000-2,8 0-2.760 3-2,640-2,520-2,400 4-2,280- 2,160-2,040 5-1.920-1,800-1,680 6-1,560-1,440-1.320 7-1,200-1,080- 960 8- 900- 780- 660 9- 600- 540- 480 10- 420- 360- 3(10

[85]


The rates of salari es of positions shall be fixed on the basis of their new duties and functions and on their grade aUocations under the salary schedule herein prescribed, suoh allocations to be determined in accordance with the existing salary standardization law by a Salary Committee consisting of the Auditor General and Director of the Budget as Chairman, and the Executive Secretary to the Commission and the Chief of the Civil Service as members, but the rates shall be reduced to those provided for the corresponding grades in the new salary schedule, maximum to maximum. intermediate to medium. minimum to minimum. except wbere no reduction will result thereby. in which case the salary sball nevertheless be reduced one rate. 9. The classification and schedule of salaries of the officials and employees of the provincial, city and municipal governments, and of the government-owned or controlled corporations, shall be prescribed in subsequent executive orders on the basis of tbe scbedule of salaries hereinabove provided. . Done in the City of Greater Manila, this 27th day of February, 1942. (Sgd.) JORGE B. VARGAS Ohairman of the Executive OommiBoion APPROVED by the Commander-in-Chief of the Imperial Japanese Forces in the Philippines on February 26, 1942.

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Profile for Filipiniana Online

Official Journal of the Japanese Military Administration Vol. No. 1  

Official Journal of the Japanese Military Administration Vol. No. 1