748 M144 A3 1961
M14lJ. ,43 I q<, I
DONATED BY AYA LA CORPORATION
TO FILIPINAS FOUNDATION, INC.
20 o c:;r
~LC:U. AAr~.w J ;gJo-I1Cf.
ENTIMENTAL ~ .tOURNEY General 1 Douglas MacArthur's Visit to .the Philippines
Arrival .July 3,19&1
I have returned. I am once again in this land that I have known so well and amongst these people that I have loved so well ... When your distinguished President invited me to come once again to these fri endly shores, I felt as though I were at last r eally coming home, for it was here I lived my greatest moments, and it is of here I have my greatest memories.
SPl~~R IW MlJIoLPE: Z.
'Sec路 SA~Tc Sec.路 !2-of\/\!fRo
Just fifteen years ago today I stood on this same Luneta, proud witness to the birth of your new Republic ... Despite this historic triumph of liberty and justice, the scene that day was one of desolation and destruction inevitable in the wake of war. There was sorrow and bereavement in countless Philippine homes. Fire and sword had taken a toll of personal tragedy seering the hearts and souls of every Philippine citizen. Yet in all that multitude I saw not a tear, heard not a sob. All before me - men and women, boys and girls - reflected not the gloom of the recent past but only a firm faith in a destiny yet to be unfolded . The spiritual strength in those eager upturned faces, with eyes looking forward not backward, confirmed my own complete faith in the future of your Republic. That faith has been fully justified. You have taken your place in the counsels of the nations of the world with dignity and univer&al respect. Your cities have been restored. Your economy revived. You have turned your farm shortages into surpluses. Your mines have produced in;creasing wealth. Your commerce has expanded. Your products now reach the markets of the world. Your industry has engendered abroad a new confidence and faith ...
In this great assemblage I see many of my former comrades-in-arms of the war. To them I wish to express once again my admiration for that enduring fortitude, that patriotic self-abnegation and that unsurpassed courage which has made the name of the Philippine soldier stand forth in such luster ... The tide of world affairs ebbs and flows in and out. Old empires new nations are born, alliances arise and vanish. But through all vast confusion the mutual friendship of our two countries shines a tenfold beacon in the night. Together we have suffered the bl90d the sweat and the tears. Together we seek the way and the truth the light. And now in this long twilight era that is neither war peace we stand together just as firmly as before.
die, this like and and nor
In the effort to build a world of economic growth and solidarity, in the effort to build an atmosphere of hope and fr.eedom, in the effort to build a community of strength and unity of purpose, in the effort to build a lasting peace of justice, the Philippines and the United States' of America have become indivisible. II
MALACANANG , MANILA For fifteen years it has been one of my fondest hopes that an immeasurable Providence would permit me to set foot once again on the soil of this beloved land and if only for a fleeting moment rejoin comrades and friends with whom for more than half a century I have engaged in a common cause of free, independent and happy people ... I listen vainly for the witching melody of days that will come no more but they have left us two mighty symbols, the cross anq the jlagthe one based upon the teachings that provide the spiritual strength to preserve the cause of right and justice, and the other based upon an indomitable will ,on human freedom that shall not perish from the earth ...
PHILIPPI.N E CONGRESS 5PE~R. ~ MUAt-P~
. ~ De..i 6vt.2.
I believe that you have little to fear from the Communist conspiracy as long as you maintain an alert and mobile security force capable of maintaining internal order and intercepting any group which might infiltrate your beaches with hostile intent. The military policy developed prior to World War II, and so efficiently carried on. since then , may safely be continued as the guide line to your defensive posture . . . Military defense must have as its natural corollary a strong and viable economy. This you are far along the road toward achieving . . . It is with great pride and satisfaction I have observed this progresssatisfied as one whose life has been interwoven with yours for nearly sixty years-and pride of honorary citizenship, a distinction which you accorded me many years ago ... God grant this nation and people a long era of peace and prosperity, and bring our two peoples - Filipino and American - ever closer together in understanding, affection and common cause.
And now even as I hail you, I must say farewell. For I must admit with a sense of sadness, that the deepening shadows of life cast doubt upon my ability to pledge again, 'I shall return.'
Sergio Osmefia, Sr.-/General, I welcome you here as I welcomed you in those days before." General MacArthur-/I offer this toast to one of the greatest patriots of the past time and one of the greatest statesmen of his country."
As I see happiness in your faces, prosperity in your community, it brings gladness in my heart.
University 01 Southern Philippines CEBU CITY
Education is the very bulwark of national freedom, human liberty and political equality. It teaches us the difference between that which is right and that which is wrong
SUNBURST PA~K, ILOILO CITY
... the Philippines and its people were fortunate in selecting his (Manuel Quezon's) dynamic leadership in the difficult days of n路ationhood ... He would be supremely happy were he alive over the progress you, as a nation, have shown. I cannot leave11the country without paying him a tribute.
It was here that the tide of the last Pacific war turned against the Japanese.
Boys, fifty-eight years ago I was here as a construction engineer. I laid down markers to indicate the division of the American and the Filipino. TQday I have come again to lay this marker uniting the American and the Filipino. This will be one of my proudest moments.
I do not know the dignity of his birth bu\t I do know the glory of his death ... Although he is nameless, he really is known to everyone of us.
Jos;e Lew.. he.( 1lL
Lyceum of the Philippines MANILA No award I have ever received moves me more deeply than to have my name scrolled upon the honorary tablets of the Lyceum. I know it only by reputation but I am told how devotedly it has dedicated its strength to the attainment and preservation of liberty and freedom, how ardenly it has resisted compromise with that which is wrong, and how energetically it has espoused rugged individual thought and action.
The name Corregidor has become a legend throughout the free world, and for all time and for all eyes. It is a symbol of liberty. Here and just across the channel in Bataan, the Filipino soldier and his American comrade, with their youth and strength, love and loyalty, gave all that mortality can give. They died unquestioning, uncomplaining, with faith in their hearts and on their lips the hope that we would go on to victory. Their fame and their name have become the birthright of every child born in freedom ...
In the crisis the world races today, the lessons of Bataan and Corregidor should not be forgotten . They were written in red for all wise men to ponder.
MANILA H 'OTEL
As men of your stamp represent the civic conscience of this nation, what should be your guiding principles? If I were permitted but one word of advice, it would be to hold inviolate those immutable concepts upon which rest' the hallowed traditions of liberty and freedom ... The first object of a free people should be the preservation of their liberty. This takes courage as it at times tends toward governmental inefficiency. Some people have it, some people do not. The twentieth century, most violent crucible yet provided for the human race, is rapidly finding out which is which. There is nothing simple or easy in this freedom, which so many peoples shout about and so .few really understand. It is only in a few favored lands that it has ever been achieved. Yours is one . . . You are in large part the moulders, if not the actual makers, -of public opinion. In a free country such as this, the government is largely guided by the voice of the people,
Departure .Ju ly 12, 19&1
My sentimental journey has carried me through this fair land from one end almost to the other. Everywhere, I have found a growing prosperity, a growing populace, a growing destiny; everywhere, friendship and affection ... Thank you for the wonderful reception to an old soldier and his sweetheart wife.
A FOND FAREWELL
The joy of welcome ten days before gave way yesterday to the sadness of farewell when Gen. Douglas MacArthur and Mrs. MacArthur left for home in America. But there was no shadow of tragedy at yesterday's goodbye as was the case of another parting nineteen years ago on Corregidor ... The grateful people of this country see in him a staunch ally in war and in peace such as no other ... -Manila Chronicle editorial July 13, 1961 THE MEMORY LINGERS ON
... General MacArthur has come and gone. But the memory of his visit and the good counsels he left will linger on ... -Philippines Herald editorial July 13, 1961
AN AFFECT/ONA TE GOODBYE ... As on their arrival ... , they will be accorded high honors on departure, complete with military rites at the airport. But more thunderous than the booming of the gun salute will be the message, unmistakable and compelling, that their visit gave proof that PhilippineAmerican friendship is firm because rooted in the hearts of men. -Manila Bulletin edito ri,~l July 12, 1961 END OF THE JOURNEY From the astounding reception which greeted General MacArthur on his arrival ... , to the last reception given in his honor ... , he has been the center of a well-deserved popular adulation ...
Yet his sojourn here must end on a note of sadness. This . . . would most probably be his last visit to the Philippines. This thought, however, only serves to enhance the importance of his reunion with the Filipino people. For we had looked forward to it from the time General MacArthur left these shores, and a sense of loss would have been deeply felt if he had been unable to "return" again.
-Manila Times editorial July 12, 1961 MEMORIES OF A VISIT
General and Mrs. Douglas MacArthur have just left these shores. We wish them a pleasant voyage home. The la~t 10 days, during which the nation's attention has been focussed on the figure of the "old soldier" as never before since the war, have been a happy one for the people of this country and their distinguished visitors ...
Daily Mirro?" editorial, JUly 12, 1961 THE VICTOR'S RETURN
... There is more than gratitude in the Filipinos' attitudes towards General MacArthur. It is true he redeemed this country from tyranny. It is true he fulfilled a vow. But our people honor him for more than that: for his genuine, his deep, and his abiding concern for the Philippines and the Filipino. That is why, wherever he goes in this country - the welcome is from the heart. II
Evening News editorial, July 8, 1961