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CHAPTER 1: Teaching in a Challenging World

Foundations of American Education: Becoming Effective Teachers in Challenging Times Sixteenth Edition James A. Johnson, Diann L. Musial, Gene E. Hall, and Donna M. Gollnick

Johnson, Musial, Hall, and Gollnick. Foundations of American Education: Becoming Effective Teachers in Challenging Times, 16th Edition, Š 2014, 2011, 2008, 2006, 2005 by Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved

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Today’s Teachers

The Importance of Teachers to Society •Guide

students’ academic achievement

•Facilitate

students’ social and physical development •Prepare •Instill

an educated citizenry

values of cooperation

•Develop

knowledge and skills for Information Age

Johnson, Musial, Hall, and Gollnick. Foundations of American Education: Becoming Effective Teachers in Challenging Times, 16th Edition, © 2014, 2011, 2008, 2006, 2005 by Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved

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Today’s Teachers

The Public View of Teachers and Schools •Quality

of teachers is of primary importance when selecting a school •Parents

understand the importance of quality teaching to academic success •Lack

of financial support is viewed as the most serious problem facing schools

Johnson, Musial, Hall, and Gollnick. Foundations of American Education: Becoming Effective Teachers in Challenging Times, 16th Edition, © 2014, 2011, 2008, 2006, 2005 by Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved

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Today’s Teachers

Who Teaches in These Challenging Times? •3.2

million teachers in public schools

•400,

000 private schools

•932,

000 college and university faculty

•More

than 60 percent elementary school

•411,

000 administrators and professionals

level

•Approximately

support staff

1.25 million aides and

Johnson, Musial, Hall, and Gollnick. Foundations of American Education: Becoming Effective Teachers in Challenging Times, 16th Edition, © 2014, 2011, 2008, 2006, 2005 by Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved

1-4


Today’s Teachers

Teachers Leaving the Profession •Estimated

one in five teachers leave by third year to: --Raise children --Obtain advanced degrees --Pursue another career --Escape their poor working conditions --Address other reasons Johnson, Musial, Hall, and Gollnick. Foundations of American Education: Becoming Effective Teachers in Challenging Times, 16th Edition, © 2014, 2011, 2008, 2006, 2005 by Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved

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Today’s Teachers

Teacher Supply and Demand

Johnson, Musial, Hall, and Gollnick. Foundations of American Education: Becoming Effective Teachers in Challenging Times, 16th Edition, © 2014, 2011, 2008, 2006, 2005 by Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved

1-6


Today’s Teachers

Critical shortages

Johnson, Musial, Hall, and Gollnick. Foundations of American Education: Becoming Effective Teachers in Challenging Times, 16th Edition, © 2014, 2011, 2008, 2006, 2005 by Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved

1-7


Teaching as a Profession

Johnson, Musial, Hall, and Gollnick. Foundations of American Education: Becoming Effective Teachers in Challenging Times, 16th Edition, Š 2014, 2011, 2008, 2006, 2005 by Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved

1-8


Teaching as a Profession

Professional Responsibilities •Dispositions

--Enthusiasm for subject --Commitment to continuous learning --Belief that all children can learn --Encourage multiple modes of communication --Develop collaborative partnerships •Using

and conducting educational research

Johnson, Musial, Hall, and Gollnick. Foundations of American Education: Becoming Effective Teachers in Challenging Times, 16th Edition, © 2014, 2011, 2008, 2006, 2005 by Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved

1-9


Teaching as a Profession

Professional Knowledge •Authentic •Control

assessment of competence

over work with little supervision

•Generally

agreed-on knowledge base for their

work •Subject

knowledge

Johnson, Musial, Hall, and Gollnick. Foundations of American Education: Becoming Effective Teachers in Challenging Times, 16th Edition, © 2014, 2011, 2008, 2006, 2005 by Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved

1-10


Teaching as a Profession

Professional Skills

Johnson, Musial, Hall, and Gollnick. Foundations of American Education: Becoming Effective Teachers in Challenging Times, 16th Edition, Š 2014, 2011, 2008, 2006, 2005 by Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved

1-11


Quality Assurance

Johnson, Musial, Hall, and Gollnick. Foundations of American Education: Becoming Effective Teachers in Challenging Times, 16th Edition, Š 2014, 2011, 2008, 2006, 2005 by Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved

1-12


Quality Assurance Accreditation Licensures Advanced certifications Standards No Child Left Behind

Johnson, Musial, Hall, and Gollnick. Foundations of American Education: Becoming Effective Teachers in Challenging Times, 16th Edition, Š 2014, 2011, 2008, 2006, 2005 by Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved

1-13


Improving by Reflecting

Johnson, Musial, Hall, and Gollnick. Foundations of American Education: Becoming Effective Teachers in Challenging Times, 16th Edition, Š 2014, 2011, 2008, 2006, 2005 by Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved

1-14


Improving by Reflecting Systematic Observation Informal Note Taking Analysis of Practice and Reflection Reflective Journaling Folio/Portfolio Development

Johnson, Musial, Hall, and Gollnick. Foundations of American Education: Becoming Effective Teachers in Challenging Times, 16th Edition, Š 2014, 2011, 2008, 2006, 2005 by Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved

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Beginning and Developing Your Career •Obtain

licensure

•Search

for a teaching position

•Research

salaries and benefits ○http://www.sf.k12.sd.us/

•Understand •Improve •Renew

working conditions

and develop with experience

your license -

Johnson, Musial, Hall, and Gollnick. Foundations of American Education: Becoming Effective Teachers in Challenging Times, 16th Edition, © 2014, 2011, 2008, 2006, 2005 by Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved

http://doe.sd.gov/oatq/teachercert.aspx 1-16


The Challenges of Becoming a Great Educator

Johnson, Musial, Hall, and Gollnick. Foundations of American Education: Becoming Effective Teachers in Challenging Times, 16th Edition, Š 2014, 2011, 2008, 2006, 2005 by Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved

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