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Looking Ahead—Exploring RFID and Related Emerging Technologies for Construction

Ed Koch, Automation Specialist and Software Product Manager, Bechtel Francis Rabuck, Director, Technology Research, Bentley Systems © 2008 Bentley Systems, Incorporated


As the construction and facility-management industries begin to deploy RFID solutions, new issues beyond the selection of readers and tags begin to emerge. This session will explore some of these emerging issues, including infrastructure setup (communication options to consider in an open environment), alternative mobile devices as readers (digital pens and tablets, interactive hands-free or head-mounted mobile devices, and cell phone readers), and unique issues involving rugged and metal-friendly tags (including ATEX certification and data standards).

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Š 2008 Bentley Systems, Incorporated


What’s Ahead for RFID (and related technologies) • 

RFID is just one part of Auto-ID options –  Barcode/Augmented Reality/Image Recognition

• 

Wireless Options – New Speeds and Feeds

• 

RTLS – More Options, but –  DASH 7 – come convergence

• 

Alternative I/O devices, methods –  Golden-I –  Cell Phones

• 

Tags –  BAP new roles –  ATEX –  “Smartchips”

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• 

Systems – GPS/RTLS/Gen 2/Sensors

• 

FIATECH Projects – 

“Yellow Pages”

– 

ISO - 15926

© 2008 Bentley Systems, Incorporated


Auto-Id - 2D Bar Codes, Augmented Reality, Image Recognition

•  2D Bar Codes have existed for years •  One way to connect the Physical World to the Digital World •  Camera phones read the codes and execute an action – phone a friend, send a text message, or open a URL link •  Augmented Reality works the same way – but includes orientation of code and the result is the display of a 3D object on screen •  Try Esquire Magazine with a webcam

http://www.esquire.com/the-side/augmented-reality

•  Try Microsoft Tags http://www.microsoft.com/tag/ 4

© 2008 Bentley Systems, Incorporated


BE EMPLOYABLE

FUTURE CITIES INDIA

HP PRINT

TRANSSOFT SOLUTIONS INTELLIGENT INFRASTRUCTURE BOOK

GREG’S LAST WORD

LUXOLOGY 5

© 2008 Bentley Systems, Incorporated


Wireless “Airscape” •  Wireless options changing – optimal way to supply connection infrastructure for construction •  Big Changes - 802.11n, (4G) LTE and WiMax –  802.11n – fits a construction site needs –  Xirrus simplifies “n” installation –  4G – Clear in markets provides a new backhaul option •  WiMax is both licensed and unlicensed •  LTE – quick conversion by other wireless carriers

•  Resurgence of Bluetooth •  Office-in-a-box (MyFi)

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© 2008 Bentley Systems, Incorporated


RTLS – Real Time Location Systems

Watch for trends in combining 2 or more location based technologies!

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Š 2008 Bentley Systems, Incorporated


WiFi Location Based Services •  Aeroscout •  Ekahau •  Newbury Networks (Acquired by Trapeze) •  PanGo (Acquired by InnerWireless) •  CISCO Location Appliance 2710 •  802.11 k/v standards for LBS

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© 2008 Bentley Systems, Incorporated


Active RFID Tracking Applications

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Š 2008 Bentley Systems, Incorporated


Skyhook Wireless – Hybrid Positioning System (XPS) •  XPS = A-GPS + WPS •  WPS is WiFi Positioning •  A-GPS is Assisted GPS •  Combining the information from both results in better overall accuracy and availability.

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© 2008 Bentley Systems, Incorporated


Ultra Wide Band (UWB) •  Very low energy levels for short-range high-bandwidth communications •  Transmit in a way that doesn't interfere with other more traditional 'narrow band' in the same frequency band •  Highly accurate positioning •  Companies producing LBS based on UWB –  UbiSense –  Time Domain –  Sandlinks –  Multispectral http://wcsp.eng.usf.edu/UWB_links.html 11

© 2008 Bentley Systems, Incorporated


Sonitor Technologies - Ultrasound

•  Does not penetrate solid walls

•  Does not require line of sight •  Mechanical waves are immune to interference •  High security 12

© 2008 Bentley Systems, Incorporated


Comparison of RTLS

Source: Time Domain http://www.timedomain.com/about/Newsroomcontent/RTLSWhitepaper030108.pdf

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Š 2008 Bentley Systems, Incorporated


The Changing User Interface •  Keyboard and Mouse •  Digital Pens •  3D Mouse Alternatives

Gesture Thought

Voice

Touch Screen

Keyboard and Mouse

Source: CEA Market Research 14

© 2008 Bentley Systems, Incorporated


Digital Pen or Dynamic Plot

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Š 2008 Bentley Systems, Incorporated


Digital Ink/Multi-Touch – a Common Platform Smartboard

Windows 7 Surface Touchpad HP Touch Smart Wacom Tablet

Golden-i

iPhone …and 15 other Cell Phones Digital eInk Tablets – with pen Digital Pen (Anoto) 16

© 2008 Bentley Systems, Incorporated


Coming soon

Wacom Bamboo – pen and multitouch Apple Tablet – Kindle Killer Oversized iTouch

Microsoft Courier – Pen and Multitouch 17

© 2008 Bentley Systems, Incorporated


G

Wireless ~ Hands-Free ~ Augmented Reality Mobile PC experience . . . 3 ounce remote access. . . for a 6 pound laptop 18

Confidential

Š 2008 Bentley Systems, Incorporated


What Makes Golden-i Unique?

•  Hands-Free Form Factor •  Voice Recognition •  Head Tracker •  Bluetooth

& WiFi

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© 2008 Bentley Systems, Incorporated


Voice Recognition •  Best voice recognition system available today •  No learning required •  Always on

•  Typical comments before using Golden-i –  “Voice recognition never works for me” –  “My accent it to strong; it won’t work”

•  Typical comments after using Golden-i –  “Wow !”

•  Voice is primary method of control 20

© 2008 Bentley Systems, Incorporated


Head Tracker •  Built-in accelerometers and gyroscopes

•  Detect head movement in any direction –  Up / Down –  Left / Right –  Forward / Back

•  Control Mouse Cursor with fine precision •  Scroll and Pan around Virtual Documents •  Monitor Physical World (Speed, Acceleration …) •  Head tracker augments voice control

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© 2008 Bentley Systems, Incorporated


Bluetooth&

WiFi

the “Cloud”

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Headset OBEX

Hands-Free

WiFi a / b / g 18 ~ 20 Mbps

the “Cloud” © 2008 Bentley Systems, Incorporated


Tags •  Collision of Gen 2, BAP and Active RFID •  Is ATEX needed? What does it mean? •  Chips become smarter –  Longer distance –  Rugged forms/standards

•  Numbering standards, serialization

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© 2008 Bentley Systems, Incorporated


Real Time Data •  Sensor data (volumes) •  Asset Management, where are: –  Assets –  People/Security

•  Bentley’s recent acquisition’s in Asset Management Space •  RFID – evolving, more data, smarter tags, IT asset management •  Bentley Press book on RFID 24

© 2008 Bentley Systems, Incorporated


Electronic Marking Applications Oil & Gas Non-metallic pipe Laterals Valves Stubs Encasement ends – conduit ends of horizontally directionally drilled facilities Handholes & manholes Bends & Arcs Depth Changes Repair Points Squeeze points Test/Interface points for CPS/CPM Crossings – Water – Major roads – Rail – Other Utilities

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© 2008 Bentley Systems, Incorporated


SmartGrid Driving Many Innovations •  Combines Telecommunications and Energy Management •  Includes Geospatial, Asset Tracking, Energy Tracking massive infrastructure changes means… •  Integration of GPS, Active RFID, Passive, Wireless. •  Sensors passes RFID (Dynamic Data vs. Static Info) •  RFID tracking of all this new equipment •  The electric grid is just the beginning – water, gas, transportation, physical infrastructure and more 26

© 2008 Bentley Systems, Incorporated


Smart Cities (IBM, CISCO, GE) •  Cisco's Big Bet on New Songdo: Creating Cities From Scratch http://www.fastcompany.com/magazine/142/the-new-new-urbanism.html?page=0%2C0

•  IBM “Smarter Planet” •  GE Ecoimagination

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© 2008 Bentley Systems, Incorporated


Thank You! Francis Rabuck, CCP, PCLP, CWNA, RFID+ Bentley Systems, Incorporated Director, Technology Research 685 Stockton Drive Exton, PA 19341 P: 610-321-6354 C: 215-275-6061 Blog: http://communities.bentley.com/blogs /fran_rabuck_bentleys_blog/default.aspx 28

Š 2008 Bentley Systems, Incorporated

http://fiatech.org/images/stories/techtools/presentations/rfid2010/rabuck_rfid_looking_forward_final  

http://fiatech.org/images/stories/techtools/presentations/rfid2010/rabuck_rfid_looking_forward_final.pdf

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