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ƣƔƚ 82-3 ƑƑƚ 84(2Ơƾǁ-Ơǃǁ)6-4 ƛ 83

ƞDŽƾǀƼƻƵƽƸƵ ǁƵǀƸƸ С. К селево

ƛ 83

а ц а . И. ƜƾǀƾƶƵƽƾƵ ƴƻǏ ƳƾǀǏLJƵƹ LjǂǃLJƺƸ : ǀƾƼưƽ / ƢưǂnjǏƽư ƛǃƳưƽdžƵƲư. — Ɯ. : ƭƺǁƼƾ, 2013. — 320 ǁ. — (ƔƵǂƵƺǂƸƲ-ƿƾƷƸǂƸƲ Ƣ. ƛǃƳưƽdžƵƲƾƹ). ISBN 978-5-699-65125-2 ơƺǀƾƼƽưǏ ƱƸƱƻƸƾǂƵƺưǀLjư ơƵǀưDŽƸƼư ƽƸƺƾƳƴư ƽƵ ƿƾƻnjƷƾƲưƻưǁnj ƿƾƲNjLjƵƽƽNjƼ ƼǃƶǁƺƸƼ ƲƽƸƼưƽƸƵƼ. Ɛ ǂǃǂ ƺưƲưƻƵǀNj ƱǃƺƲưƻnjƽƾ ǁNjƿƻǎǂǁǏ ƽư ƽƵƵ ƺưƺ ƸƷ ƲƷƱƵǁƸƲLjƵƳƾǁǏ ǀƾƳư ƸƷƾƱƸƻƸǏ. Ƙ ƺưƽƴƸƴưǂNj ƽư ǀǃƺǃ Ƹ ǁƵǀƴdžƵ ƲǁƵ ƺưƺ ƽư ƿƾƴƱƾǀ: ƺǀưǁƸƲNjƵ ƱƾƳưǂNjƵ ƾƴƸƽƾƺƸƵ ƾƻƸƳưǀDžƸ. ƖƸǂnj ƱNj ơƵǀưDŽƸƼƵ Ƹ ǀưƴƾƲưǂnjǁǏ, ƵǁƻƸ ƱNj ƽƵ ƾƴƽƾ Ɲƞ… ƟƾǁƻƵ ǁƲƸƴưƽƸǏ ǁ ǀƾƺƾƲƾƹ ƱƸƱƻƸƾǂƵƺưǀLjƵƹ ƸDž ƽưDžƾƴǏǂ Ʋ LJƸǂưƻnjƽƾƼ ƷưƻƵ ǃƱƸǂNjƼƸ. ơǂưǀƸƽƽNjƹ ƾǁƾƱƽǏƺ XIX ƲƵƺư, ƳƴƵ Ƹ ǀưǁƿƾƻƾƶƵƽƾ ƺƽƸƳƾDžǀưƽƸƻƸljƵ, ƿǀƵƴǁǂưƲƻǏƵǂ ƽƵ ǂƾƻnjƺƾ ưǀDžƸǂƵƺǂǃǀƽǃǎ džƵƽƽƾǁǂnj, ƽƾ Ƹ ǏƲƻǏƵǂǁǏ ƻưƺƾƼNjƼ ƺǃǁƾLJƺƾƼ Ʋ džƵƽǂǀƵ Ƴƾǀƾƴư. ƞƴƽưƺƾ ƽƸ ƾƴƸƽ ƿǀƵǂƵƽƴƵƽǂ ƽư ƴƾƼ, ǁƲǏƷưƲLjƸƹǁǏ ǁ ƻǎƱƲƵƾƱƸƻnjƽƾƹ ƱƸƱƻƸƾǂƵƺưǀLjƵƹ, ƽƵ ƴƾƶƸƲưƵǂ ƴƾ ǃǂǀư… Д ББ

ISBN 978-5-699-65125-2

82-3 84(2Р

-Р )6-4

© а ц а . И., 2013 ©О . ООО «И а «Э », 2013

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ГЛАВА 1

ƒƿƵǀƲNjƵ Ʒư ƴƾƻƳƾƵ ƲǀƵƼǏ ǃ Ǎǂƾƹ Ƽƾƻƾƴƾƹ ƶƵƽljƸƽNj ƿNjƻưƻƸ ǃLjƸ, ƺưƺ ǃ ƿƾƴǀƾǁǂƺư. ƗƲưƻƸ ƵƵ ơƵǀưDŽƸƼư ƘƳƾǀƵƲƽư ƑưǀǁƺưǏ, Ƹ Ʋǁǎ ƶƸƷƽnj ǁƲƾǎ, LJƵǁǂƽǃǎ Ƹ ƿƾǀǏƴƾLJƽǃǎ, ƾƽư ǀưƱƾǂưƻư Ʋ ƱƸƱƻƸƾǂƵƺƵ, LJǂƾ ǃƶƵ ǁưƼƾ ƿƾ ǁƵƱƵ ƲNjƷNjƲưƻƾ ǃƲưƶƵƽƸƵ, ƽƾ ƽƵ ƱNjƻƾ ƿǀƵǁǂƸƶƽƾ. ƒƾǁƿƸǂNjƲưƻư ƵƵ ƱưƱǃLjƺư, ƾƴƽƾƼƾƼƵƽǂƽƾ ƿƾǂƵǀǏƲLjưǏ Ƹ ǁNjƽư, Ƹ ƽƵƲƵǁǂƺǃ. ƔǀǃƳƸDž ǀƾƴǁǂƲƵƽƽƸƺƾƲ ǃ ơƲƵǂƻưƽNj ƢƸDžƾƽƾƲƽNj, ƺǀƾƼƵ ơƸƼNj, ƽƵ ƾǁǂưƻƾǁnj, ƿƾǍǂƾƼǃ Ʋǁǎ ǁƲƾǎ ƻǎƱƾƲnj Ƹ ƲǁƵ ǁƲƾƵ ƲƽƸƼưƽƸƵ ơƲƵǂƻưƽư ƢƸDžƾƽƾƲƽư ǁƺƾƽdžƵƽǂǀƸǀƾƲưƻư ƽư ƲƽǃLJƺƵ, ƵƴƸƽǁǂƲƵƽƽƾƹ ǁƲƾƵƹ «ƺǀƾƲƸƽƾLJƺƵ». ƭǂƾ ƸƷƻƸLjƽƵƵ ƲƽƸƼưƽƸƵ Ƹ ǁƳǃƱƸƻƾ ƲǁƵ! ƑưƱǃLjƺư ƽƵ ƾǂDžƾƴƸƻư ƾǂ ƽƵƵ ƽƸ ƽư LjưƳ. ơƸƼư ƽƵ DžƾƴƸƻư Ʋ ǁưƴƸƺ, ƱưƱǃLjƺư ƽƵ ƼƾƳƻư ƴƾƲƵǀƸǂnj ǁƲƾƵ ƴƸǂǏǂƺƾ ƽƸƺưƺƸƼ LJǃƶƸƼ, ƿƻƾDžƸƼ ǂƵǂƺưƼ, ƴư Ƹ ƴƵǂƸ ƼƾƳƻƸ ƾƱƸƴƵǂnj ƵƵ «ƺƾƽDŽƵǂƺǃ». Ɲư ǃƻƸdžǃ ƱưƱǃLjƺư ƲNjƲƾƴƸƻư ǁƲƾǎ ƲƽǃLJƵƽnjƺǃ ǂƾƶƵ ƺǀưƹƽƵ ǀƵƴƺƾ. ơƻƸLjƺƾƼ ǏǀƺƾƵ ǁƾƻƽdžƵ — ƲǀƵƴƽƾ! ƝưƿƵLJƵǂ ƳƾƻƾƲƺǃ, ƱǃƴƵǂ ǁƾƻƽƵLJƽNjƹ ǃƴưǀ! ƚƾƶư ƾƱƳƾǀƸǂ, ƱƾƻƵǂnj ƱǃƴƵǂ! ơƾƻƽNjLjƺƾ ǁƺǀNjƻƾǁnj — ǂƾƶƵ ƿƻƾDžƾ! ơǂưƽƾƲƸǂǁǏ ƿǀƾDžƻưƴƽƾ, Ƽƾƶƽƾ ƿǀƾǁǂǃƴƸǂnjǁǏ. ƘƳǀǃLjƺƸ ƽƵƾƱDžƾƴƸƼƾ LJưǁǂƾ ƼNjǂnj Ʋ ƼNjƻnjƽƾƹ ƲƾƴƵ Ƹ ƿǀƾ-


6 ....................................................... ǂƸǀưǂnj ǁƿƸǀǂƾƼ ƸƻƸ Ʋƾƴƺƾƹ ƴƻǏ ƴƵƷƸƽDŽƵƺdžƸƸ. ƚƽƸƶƺƸ LJƸǂưǂnj ƺưƶƴNjƹ ƴƵƽnj ƴƻǏ ǀưƷƲƸǂƸǏ, ƽƾ ƽư ǀưǁǁǂƾǏƽƸƸ ƻƾƺǂǏ Ƹ ǁ ƾǁƲƵljƵƽƸƵƼ ǁƻƵƲư, ƿǀƾ ƵƵ ƺǀưǁƸƲNjƵ ƳƻưƷƺƸ ƱưƱǃLjƺư ƽƵ ƷưƱNjƲưƻư. ơƿưǂnj ƻƾƶƸǂnjǁǏ ǀƾƲƽƾ Ʋ ƴƵƲǏǂnj LJưǁƾƲ ƲƵLJƵǀư, DžƾLJƵLjnj ǂNj ǍǂƾƳƾ ƸƻƸ ƽƵǂ, ư ƲǁǂưƲưǂnj Ʋ ǁƵƼnj ǃǂǀư Ƹ ƽưLJƸƽưǂnj ƴƵƽnj ǁ ƷưǀǏƴƺƸ Ƹ DžƾƻƾƴƽƾƳƾ ƾƱƻƸƲưƽƸǏ — ƷưǀǏƴƺư ǍƽƵǀƳƸƵƹ ƴƶƸ ƸƻƸ ƴƶǃ... ƗưƺưƻƸƲưƽƸƵ — ƻǃLJLjƵƵ ǁǀƵƴǁǂƲƾ ƾǂ ƿǀƾǁǂǃƴ. ƑưƱǃLjƺư ƳƾƴưƼƸ ƿǀƸǃLJưƻư ƲƽǃLJƺǃ ƺ ƷưƺưƻƸƲưƽƸǎ, ƿƾƽƸƶưǏ ǂƵƼƿƵǀưǂǃǀǃ ƲƾƴNj ƽư ƾƴƸƽ Ƴǀưƴǃǁ Ʋ ǂǀƸ ƼƵǁǏdžư. ƒǁƵ ƿƾƴǀǃƳƸ ơƵǀưDŽƸƼNj ƿǀƾDžƾƴƸƻƸ «DŽƵƹǁƺƾƽǂǀƾƻnj» ƿƵǀƵƴ ǁǂǀƾƳƸƼ ƾƺƾƼ ƵƵ ƱưƱǃLjƺƸ. Ƙ ƽƸƺǂƾ Ǎǂƾǂ ƺƾƽǂǀƾƻnj ǂưƺ Ƹ ƽƵ ƿǀƾLjƵƻ. — ƣ Ǎǂƾƹ ƴƵƲƾLJƺƸ ǀƾƴƸǂƵƻƸ ƽƵDžƾǀƾLjƸƵ, ƿnjǎljƸƵ, — ƷưǏƲƻǏƻư ơƲƵǂƻưƽư ƢƸDžƾƽƾƲƽư. — Ɲƾ ƾƽư ǁưƼư-ǂƾ ƽƵ ƿnjƵǂ! ƟǀƸ LJƵƼ ǂǃǂ ƵƵ ǀƾƴƸǂƵƻƸ? — ƲƾƷǀưƶưƻư ơƸƼư. — ƕljƵ ƱNj ƾƽư ƿƸƻư!! ƢNj, ƺưƺ Ǐ ƲƸƶǃ, ƴƵǀƷƸLjnj ƼƽƵ? ƗưƿƾƼƽƸ, Ǐ ƴƻǏ ǂƵƱǏ — ƲǁƵ, Ƹ ǂNj ƴƻǏ ƼƵƽǏ ǂƾƶƵ, Ƹ ƽƸƺǂƾ LJǃƶƾƹ ƽưƼ ƽƵ ƽǃƶƵƽ! ƜNj — Ǎǂƾ ƼNj! ƣ ƽưǁ ƱƾƻnjLjƵ ƽƸƺƾƳƾ ƽƵǂ! ƒ ƿǀƾƱƻƵƼƽƾƹ ǁƵƼnjƵ ƽƵ ƼƾƶƵǂ ƱNjǂnj DžƾǀƾLjƵƳƾ ƲƾǁƿƸǂưƽƸǏ, Ƹ LJǂƾ ƲNjǀưǁǂƵǂ ƸƷ Ǎǂƾƹ ƴƵƲƾLJƺƸ! ƞƽư ƼƾƶƵǂ ƽưǃLJƸǂnj ǂƵƱǏ ƽƵDžƾǀƾLjƸƼ ƲƵljưƼ, ư Ǐ ǃƶƵ ƽƵƼƾƻƾƴưǏ, ƼƾƳǃ ƽƵ ǃǁƻƵƴƸǂnj!! — ƚưƺƸƼ ƲƵljưƼ, ƱưƱǃLjƺư? Ư ǃƶƵ ƲǁƵ ƿƾƽƸƼưǎ! ƜƵƽǏ ƽƸLJƵƼǃ ƿƻƾDžƾƼǃ ƽƵ ƽưǃLJưǂ, ƴư Ƹ ƾƽư DžƾǀƾLjưǏ ƴƵƲƾLJƺư, — ƲƽǃLJƺư ƾǂLJưǏƽƽƾ ƿNjǂưƻưǁnj ƾǂǁǂƾǏǂnj ǁƲƾƵ ƿǀưƲƾ ƽư ƾƱljƵƽƸƵ ǁƾ ǁƲƵǀǁǂƽƸdžưƼƸ.


....................................................... 7 — ƞƽư ƽưǃLJƸǂ ǂƵƱǏ ǀǃƳưǂnjǁǏ, ƺǃǀƸǂnj Ƹ, ƽƵ ƴưƹ ƱƾƳ, ƴǃƼưǂnj ƾ ƼưƻnjLJƸƺưDž! — ƾǂƲƵLJưƻư ơƲƵǂƻưƽư ƢƸDžƾƽƾƲƽư. ƣƶƵ ǁ ƴƵǂǁǂƲư ơƵǀưDŽƸƼư ƿƾƽǏƻư, LJǂƾ ǁưƼƾƵ ǁǂǀưLjƽƾƵ Ƹ ƺƾƲưǀƽƾƵ Ʋ ƶƸƷƽƸ — Ǎǂƾ ƼưƻnjLJƸƺƸ, ƺƾǂƾǀNjƵ, ƾ ǃƶưǁ, Ʋ ƱǃƴǃljƵƼ ƿǀƵƲǀưljưǎǂǁǏ ƿǀƾǁǂƾ Ʋ LJǃƴƾƲƸlj, ǂƾ Ƶǁǂnj Ʋ ƼǃƶLJƸƽ! Ɛ ƼǃƶLJƸƽư ǃƶƵ ƾǂƾƶƴƵǁǂƲƻǏƻǁǏ ǁƾ ƲǁƵƼƸ ƿƾǀƾƺưƼƸ. ƞƽƸ ƺǃǀƸƻƸ, ƿƸƻƸ Ƹ ƾǂ ƶƵƽljƸƽ ǂǀƵƱƾƲưƻƸ ǂƾƻnjƺƾ ǁƵƺǁư. ƞƽƸ DžǃƶƵ ƶƸƲƾǂƽNjDž, Ƹ, ǀưƷǃƼƵƵǂǁǏ, ƽưƴƾ ƱNjƻƾ ƴƵǀƶưǂnjǁǏ ƾǂ ƽƸDž ƿƾƴưƻnjLjƵ. ƭǂƸ ƿƾDžƾǂƻƸƲNjƵ ǁưƼdžNj ƶƴưƻƸ ơƸƼǃ ƽư ƺưƶƴƾƼ LjưƳǃ ƵƵ ƶƸƷƽƸ. — Ɛ ǁ ƚưǂƵƹ Ƽƾƶƽƾ ƴǀǃƶƸǂnj? — ǁƿǀưLjƸƲưƻư ǃƶƵ ǁƾ ǁƻƵƷưƼƸ ƽư ƳƻưƷưDž ơƵǀưDŽƸƼư, ƺƾǂƾǀƾƹ ƿǀƾǁǂƾ ƽƵ DžƲưǂưƻƾ ƴƵƲLJưLJnjƵƳƾ, ƿƾƴǀƾǁǂƺƾƲƾƳƾ ƾƱljƵƽƸǏ. — ƚưǂǏ? ƚǂƾ ǃ ƽưǁ ƚưǂǏ? ƭǂƾ ǂư Ʋ ƺƾǀƾǂƺƾƹ ǎƱƺƵ, ƴǃƼưǎljưǏ ǃƶƵ ƾ ƼưƻnjLJƸƺưDž? — ƝƵǂ, ƾƽư... — Ɛ! Ư ƲǁƿƾƼƽƸƻư! ƭǂƾ ǂư ƴƵƲƾLJƺư, ǁƾ ǁƻƸLjƺƾƼ ƳǀƾƼƺƸƼ ǁƼƵDžƾƼ, ƺƾǂƾǀǃǎ ǀǃƳưƻƸ ƽư ǀƾƴƸǂƵƻnjǁƺƾƼ ǁƾƱǀưƽƸƸ Ʒư ǂƾ, LJǂƾ ƾƽư ƺǀưǁƸǂ ǀƵǁƽƸdžNj! ƭǂƾ Ʋ ǂưƺƾƼ-ǂƾ ƲƾƷǀưǁǂƵ! ƞƽư ƴƻǏ LJƵƳƾ Ǎǂƾ ƴƵƻưƵǂ? ƧǂƾƱNj ƽǀưƲƸǂnjǁǏ ƼưƻnjLJƸƺưƼ? ƞƽư ƱǃƴƵǂ ƳǃƻǏljƵƹ ƴƵƲƺƾƹ! ƞƽƸ ƲǁƵ ǂưƺ ƽưLJƸƽưǎǂ! — ƝƵǂ, ƱưƱǃLjƺư! ƚưǂǏ ǃ ƽưǁ ƽƾƲƵƽnjƺưǏ. ƞƽư ƴƾLJƺư ǃLJƸǂƵƻnjƽƸdžNj ƿƾ ǀǃǁǁƺƾƼǃ Ƹ ƻƸǂƵǀưǂǃǀƵ! ƞƽư ƾLJƵƽnj DžƾǀƾLjưǏ ƴƵƲƾLJƺư! — ǃƶƵ ǀNjƴưƻư ơƸƼư. ơƲƵǂƻưƽư ƢƸDžƾƽƾƲƽư ƽƵƴƾƲƾƻnjƽƾ ƿƾƴƶưƻư ƳǃƱNj. Ɵƾ ƲǁƵƼǃ ƲNjDžƾƴƸƻƾ, LJǂƾ ƾƽư ƿǀƾǁǂƾ ƽƵ


8 ....................................................... DžƾǂƵƻư ƽƸƺǃƴư ƾǂƿǃǁƺưǂnj ǁƲƾǎ ƲƽǃLJƺǃ. Ɣưǂnj ƱNj Ʋƾƻǎ ơƲƵǂƻưƽƵ ƢƸDžƾƽƾƲƽƵ, Ƹ ƾƽư ƱNj ǁ ǃƴƾƲƾƻnjǁǂƲƸƵƼ ƲƾƾƱljƵ ƷưƺǀNjƻư ǁƲƾǎ ƲƽǃLJƺǃ Ʋ LJƵǂNjǀƵDž ǁǂƵƽưDž ƽư ƺƻǎLJ. Ɲƾ ǂƾƳƴư ƱNj ƺ ƽƵƹ Ʋ ƴƾƼ ƿǀƸLjƻƸ ǁƾǂǀǃƴƽƸƺƸ ǁƾƾǂƲƵǂǁǂƲǃǎljƸDž ƾǀƳưƽƾƲ Ƹ ƿƾƸƽǂƵǀƵǁƾƲưƻƸǁnj ƱNj: ƿƾLJƵƼǃ ƴƵƲƾLJƺư ƽƵ DžƾƴƸǂ Ʋ Ljƺƾƻǃ? ƟƾǍǂƾƼǃ Ʋ Ǎǂǃ «ƾƱƸǂƵƻnj ƽƵLJƵǁǂƸƲƾǁǂƸ Ƹ ǀưƷƲǀưǂư» ơƲƵǂƻưƽư ƢƸDžƾƽƾƲƽư ƱNjƻư ƲNjƽǃƶƴƵƽư ƾǂƿǃǁƺưǂnj ǁƲƾǎ «ƺǀƾƲƸƽƾLJƺǃ». ƞƽư ƺưƶƴNjƹ ƴƵƽnj ƾǂƲƾƴƸƻư ơƸƼǃ Ʋ Ljƺƾƻǃ Ƹ ƺưƶƴNjƹ ƴƵƽnj ƲǁǂǀƵLJưƻư ƵƵ, ƽƵƲƷƸǀưǏ ƽư ǃƶƵ ƿƾƴǀƾǁǂƺƾƲNjƹ ƲƾƷǀưǁǂ ƴƵƲƾLJƺƸ. ƒǁƵ Ʋ ƺƻưǁǁƵ ǁƼƵǏƻƸǁnj ƽưƴ ơƵǀưDŽƸƼƾƹ, ƽƾ Ǎǂƾ ƽƸLJƵƳƾ ƽƵ ƼƵƽǏƻƾ. — ƑưƱǃLjƺư, Ǐ ǂƵƱǏ ǃƼƾƻǏǎ! ƝƵ ƿƾƴDžƾƴƸ ƺ LjƺƾƻƵ, Ǐ ƿǀƸƴǃ ǁưƼư! Ɣư Ƹ ǂNj ƾǂƴƾDžƽƵLjnj! ƣ ƽưǁ ƲǁƵ DžƾƴǏǂ Ʋ Ljƺƾƻǃ ǁưƼƸ! — ƿǀƾǁƸƻư ơƵǀưDŽƸƼư. — ƢNj ƺưƺ ǁƾ Ƽƽƾƹ ǀưƷƳƾƲưǀƸƲưƵLjnj? Ư ƾǂƴưƻư ǂƵƱƵ ƲǁƵ ǁƲƾƸ ƿƾǁƻƵƴƽƸƵ ƳƾƴNj! ƜƽƵ ǁƾƲƵǀLjƵƽƽƾ ƲǁƵ ǀưƲƽƾ, ƺưƺ ƺ ǍǂƾƼǃ ƾǂƽƾǁǏǂǁǏ ƲǁƵ ƾǁǂưƻnjƽNjƵ, Ƹ ƾǂƴNjDžưǂnj ƼƽƵ ƽƵ DžƾLJƵǂǁǏ! ƢNj — ƵƴƸƽǁǂƲƵƽƽƾƵ, LJǂƾ ƾǁǂưƻƾǁnj ƾǂ ƽưLjƵƹ ǁƵƼnjƸ, Ƹ Ǐ ǂƵƱǏ ǁƾDžǀưƽǎ, ƽǀưƲƸǂǁǏ ǂƵƱƵ Ǎǂƾ ƸƻƸ ƽƵ ƽǀưƲƸǂǁǏ! Ư ǂƵƱǏ ǁƱƵǀƵƳǃ, Ƹ ǂNj ƴƾƻƶƽư ǀưƴƾƲưǂnjǁǏ ƱưƱǃLjƺƵ, ư ƽƵ ǁǂNjƴƸǂnjǁǏ ƵƵ! ƘƻƸ ǂNj DžƾǂƵƻư ƿƾƹǂƸ ƳǃƻǏǂnj ǁ ƼưƻnjLJƸƺưƼƸ ƿƾǁƻƵ LjƺƾƻNj, LJǂƾƱNj Ǐ ƽƵ ǃƷƽưƻư? ƧǂƾƱNj ƷưǀưƷƸǂnjǁǏ ƾǂ ƽƸDž ƸƻƸ ƷưƱƵǀƵƼƵƽƵǂnj? — ƝƵǂ, ƱưƱǃLjƺư... — ǁƽƾƲư Ʋƿưƴưƻư Ʋ ƾdžƵƿƵƽƵƽƸƵ ƲƽǃLJƺư. — Ɛ Ǐ Ʋƾǂ ƲƸƶǃ, LJǂƾ ƴư! ƢNj DžƾLJƵLjnj ƾƿƾƷƾǀƸǂnj ƽưLj ǀƾƴ Ƹ ƷưƳƽưǂnj Ʋ ƼƾƳƸƻǃ ǁƲƾǎ ǁǂưǀǃǎ ƱưƱǃLjƺǃ!


....................................................... 9 — Ư ƽƵ DžƾLJǃ, ƱưƱǃLjƺư, — ƽưLJƸƽưƻư ƿƻưƺưǂnj ơƵǀưDŽƸƼư, ƽƾ ƻƵƺdžƸƸ Ƹ ƽƾǂưdžƸǏ ƽƵ ƿǀƵƺǀưljưƻƸǁnj ƵljƵ LJưǁư ǂǀƸ. ƚƾƳƴư ƶƵ ơƲƵǂƻưƽư ƢƸDžƾƽƾƲƽư ǃƲƸƴƵƻư, LJǂƾ ƵƵ ƲƽǃLJƺư ƸƷ ƴƵƲƾLJƺƸ ƿǀƵƲǀưljưƵǂǁǏ Ʋ ƺǀưǁƸƲƵƹLjǃǎ ƴƵƲǃLjƺǃ, ǃ ƽƵƵ ǁƾƲǁƵƼ ǁǂưƻƾ ƿƻƾDžƾ ǁ ƳƾƻƾƲƾƹ. ƞƽư ƱǃƺƲưƻnjƽƾ «ƿưǁƻư» ơƸƼǃ, ƽƵ ƴưƲưǏ Ƶƹ ǀưǁǁƻưƱƸǂnjǁǏ. ƞƽư ǁƻƵƴƸƻư Ʒư ƵƵ ƿǀƸLJƵǁƺƾƹ, ƾƴƵƶƴƾƹ, ƶƵǁǂưƼƸ Ƹ ƿƾƲƵƴƵƽƸƵƼ. ƠưƷǃƼƵƵǂǁǏ, ƿǀƸLJƵǁƺư ƴƾƿǃǁƺưƻưǁnj ƾƴƽư — ƺƾǁư; ƴƻƸƽƽưǏ ǎƱƺư, ƿƾǂǃƿƻƵƽƽNjƵ ƳƻưƷư, LJǂƾƱNj ƽƵ ƲƸƴƵǂnj «ƿƾDžƾǂƻƸƲNjDž ƲƷƳƻǏƴƾƲ ƼǃƶLJƸƽ», ƴƾƻƶƽNj ƱNjƻƸ ǃƱƵǀƵLJnj ƴƵƲǃLjƺǃ. ƕǁǂƵǁǂƲƵƽƽƾ, LJǂƾ ƿǀƸ ǂưƺƾƹ ƶƸƷƽƸ, LJǂƾƱNj ƽƵ ǁƾƹǂƸ ǁ ǃƼư, ơƵǀưDŽƸƼư ƽưLjƻư ǁƵƱƵ ƵƴƸƽǁǂƲƵƽƽNjDž ƴǀǃƷƵƹ — ƺƽƸƳƸ. ƟƾǂƾƼǃ LJǂƾ ƺƾƳƴư ƾƽư ƸDž LJƸǂưƻư, ƲƵǀƽƵƵ, ƿƾƳƻƾljưƻư ƾǂ ƺƾǀƾLJƺƸ ƴƾ ƺƾǀƾLJƺƸ, ǂƾ ƸǁƿNjǂNjƲưƻư Ƹ ǀưƴƾǁǂnj, Ƹ ǃƴƾƲƾƻnjǁǂƲƸƵ — LJǃƲǁǂƲư, ƺƾǂƾǀNjDž Ʋ ǀƵưƻnjƽƾƹ ƶƸƷƽƸ ƾƽư ƽƵ ƸǁƿNjǂNjƲưƻư. ƞƽư ǃƷƽưƲưƻư ƾ ƴǀǃƶƱƵ, ƻǎƱƲƸ, ƾ ǂƾƼ, LJǂƾ Ʋ ƶƸƷƽƸ Ƶƹ ƱNjƻƾ ƽƵƴƾǁǂǃƿƽƾ, ƽƵƷƽưƺƾƼƾ. ƟƾǍǂƾƼǃ LJƸǂưƻư ƾƽư ǁ ǃƿƾƵƽƸƵƼ Ƹ ƲǁƵ ǁƲƾƵ ǁƲƾƱƾƴƽƾƵ ƲǀƵƼǏ, ƿǀƾƶƸƲưǏ LJǃƶƸƵ ƶƸƷƽƸ Ƹ ǁǃƴnjƱNj. ƚǀƾƼƵ ǂƾƳƾ, Ǎǂƾ ƱNjƻƾ ƵƴƸƽǁǂƲƵƽƽƾƵ ƷưƽǏǂƸƵ, ƺƾǂƾǀƾƵ Ƶƹ ƱƵƷ ƲƾǀLJưƽƸǏ Ƹ ƽƾǂưdžƸƹ ǀưƷǀƵLjưƻư ƵƵ ƱưƱǃLjƺư. ƞƽƾ ƱNjƻƾ ƱƵƷƾƿưǁƽƾ. ƢƾƳƴư, Ʋ ƴƵǂǁǂƲƵ, ơƵǀưDŽƸƼư ƴƾ ƺƾƽdžư ƽƵ ƿƾƽƸƼưƻư, LJǂƾ ǁ ƽƵƹ, ǁ ƵƵ ƿǁƸDžƸƺƾƹ Ƹ ƲƾƾƱljƵ ƶƸƷƽnjǎ ƴƵƻưƻư ơƲƵǂƻưƽư ƢƸDžƾƽƾƲƽư. ƞƽư Ƹ ƿƾǂƾƼ ƽƵ ƼƾƳƻư ƵƵ ƾǁǃƶƴưǂnj. Ƣƾ, LJǂƾ ǁ ƱưƱǃLjƺƾƹ LJǂƾ-ǂƾ ǁƻǃLJƸƻƾǁnj ƿƾǁƻƵ ƿƾǂƵǀƸ ǁNjƽư, Ǎǂƾ Ƹ ǂưƺ ƱNjƻƾ ƿƾƽǏǂƽƾ. Ƨǂƾ-ǂƾ ǁƴƲƸƽǃƻƾǁnj ǃ ƽƵƵ ǂƾƳƴư Ʋ ƳƾƻƾƲƵ, Ƹ ƿƾǏƲƸƻǁǏ


10 ....................................................... ǁǂǀưDž ƿƾǂƵǀǏǂnj ƿƾǁƻƵƴƽƵƵ. Ɛ ƲƽǃLJƺư ƻƸLjƸƻưǁnj ǁƾƱǁǂƲƵƽƽƾƹ ƲƾƻƸ Ƹ ǁƲƾƱƾƴNj, ǂƵƿƵǀnj ƲǁƵ Ʋ ƵƵ ƶƸƷƽƸ ǀƵLjưƻư ƾƽư — ơƲƵǂƻưƽư ƢƸDžƾƽƾƲƽư. ƞƽư ƴƵƻưƻư Ʒƻƾ ƽƵ ǁƾ Ʒƻư. ƔƵƲƾLJƺƵ ƽƵ ǀưƷǀƵLjưƻƾǁnj ƿǀƸƳƻưLjưǂnj ƴƵǂƵƹ ƽư ƴƵƽnj ǀƾƶƴƵƽƸǏ, ƿƾǂƾƼǃ LJǂƾ ƿǀưƷƴƽƸƺƸ ǀưǁDžƾƻưƶƸƲưǎǂ Ƹ ƲNjƱƸƲưǎǂ ƸƷ «ƺƾƻƵƸ ƿƾǁƻǃLjưƽƸǏ» Ƹ ƽư ƽƸDž ƼƾƳǃǂ ƴƵƻưǂnj «ƽƵDžƾǀƾLjƸƵ ƲƵljƸ». ƚƾƳƴư ơƵǀưDŽƸƼư ƾƴƽưƶƴNj ƴưƻư ǁƲƾƹ ƴƾƼưLjƽƸƹ ƽƾƼƵǀ ǂƵƻƵDŽƾƽư ƼưƻnjLJƸƺǃ, ƺƾǂƾǀNjƹ Ƶƹ ƽǀưƲƸƻǁǏ, Ƹ ƾƽ ƿƾƷƲƾƽƸƻ Ƶƹ, ƵǁǂƵǁǂƲƵƽƽƾ, ƽưǀƲưƲLjƸǁnj ƽư ơƲƵǂƻưƽǃ ƢƸDžƾƽƾƲƽǃ, ƴƵƲƾLJƺư Ʋ ƿƵǀƲNjƹ ǀưƷ ƱNjƻư ƸƷƱƸǂư ǀƵƼƽƵƼ. ơ ƱưƱǃLjƺƾƹ LJǃǂnj ƻƸ ƽƵ ƳƸƿƵǀǂƾƽƸLJƵǁƺƸƹ ƺǀƸƷ ǁƻǃLJƸƻǁǏ. — ƭǂƾƳƾ ƽƵ ƼƾƶƵǂ ƱNjǂnj! ƭǂƾ — ƺƾƽƵdž! ƣƶưǁ! ƒƾǂ Ƹ ƴƾƶƴưƻưǁnj Ǐ ƿƾƷƾǀư! ƕƹ ƲǁƵƳƾ ƿǏǂƽưƴdžưǂnj ƻƵǂ, Ƹ Ƶƹ ǃƶƵ ƷƲƾƽǏǂ ƼưƻnjLJƸƺƸ! ƓƾǀƵ ƼƽƵ, ƳƾǀƵ! ƜƾǏ ƲƽǃLJƺư ǀưǁǂƵǂ ƿǀƾǁǂƸǂǃǂƺƾƹ! Ư ƲǁƵƳƴư ǍǂƾƳƾ ƱƾǏƻưǁnj! ƒǁƵ, LJǂƾ Ǐ ƲƺƻưƴNjƲưƻư Ʋ ƽƵƵ ǁƲƵǂƻƾƳƾ Ƹ LJƸǁǂƾƳƾ, ƿƾLjƻƾ ƿǀưDžƾƼ! ơƵǀưDŽƸƼư ƷưƱƸƲưƻưǁnj Ʋ ǃƳƾƻ Ƹ ƿƻưƺưƻư, ƾƽư LJǃƲǁǂƲƾƲưƻư ǁƵƱǏ ƾLJƵƽnj ƿƻƾDžƾƹ, ƿƾǀƾLJƽƾƹ Ƹ, ǁưƼƾƵ ƳƻưƲƽƾƵ, ǃƽƸƶƵƽƽƾƹ. ƘƷ ƲǁƵDž ƴƵƲƾLJƵƺ ơƸƼƵ ƱNjƻƾ ǀưƷǀƵLjƵƽƾ ƾƱljưǂnjǁǏ ƻƸLjnj ǁ ƚưǂƵƹ ƠNjƶƾƲƾƹ, ǂƾƻnjƺƾ ƿƾǂƾƼǃ, LJǂƾ ǃ ƽƵƵ ƼưƼư ǃLJƸǂƵƻnjƽƸdžư Ƹ ƺƻưǁǁƽNjƹ ǀǃƺƾƲƾƴƸǂƵƻnj. ƚưǂǏ, ƿƾ ƿǀƾǁnjƱƵ ơƵǀưDŽƸƼNj, ǂƾƶƵ ƽưƴƵƲưƻư ƴƻƸƽƽǃǎ ǎƱƺǃ Ƹ ƷưƿƻƵǂưƻư ƲƾƻƾǁNj, ƺƾƳƴư ǃ ƽƵƵ ƱNjƻƾ ƾƿưǁƵƽƸƵ ƽưǂƺƽǃǂnjǁǏ ƽư ƱưƱǃLjƺǃ ơƸƼNj. ƚƾƽƵLJƽƾ, ƚưǂǏ ƼƾƳƻư Ƹ ƽƵ


....................................................... 11 ƾƱǀưljưǂnj ƽư Ǎǂƾ ƲƽƸƼưƽƸǏ, ƽƾ ƾƽư ƾLJƵƽnj ƻǎƱƸƻư ơƸƼǃ Ƹ DžƾǂƵƻư ǁ ƽƵƹ ƴǀǃƶƸǂnj, ƵƵ LJǃƲǁǂƲư ƺ ƿƾƴǀǃƳƵ ƱNjƻƸ ƸǁƺǀƵƽƽƸƼƸ. ơƵǀưDŽƸƼư ƾLJƵƽnj ǀƵƴƺƾ ƿǀƸDžƾƴƸƻư ƺ ƚưǂƵ, ƿƾǂƾƼǃ LJǂƾ ƵƵ ƲƾƾƱljƵ ƽƵLJưǁǂƾ ƾǂƿǃǁƺưƻƸ ƸƷ ƴƾƼư, Ƹ ƽưƱƻǎƴưƻư Ʋƾ ƲǁƵ ƳƻưƷư Ʒư ƾǂƽƾLjƵƽƸǏƼƸ ƚưǂƸ Ƹ ƵƵ ƼưƼNj — ƵljƵ Ƽƾƻƾƴƾƹ ƶƵƽljƸƽNj ƐƽƽNj ƓǀƸƳƾǀnjƵƲƽNj ƠNjƶƾƲƾƹ. ƞǂƵdž ǃ ƚưǂƸ ƿƾƳƸƱ, ƺƾƳƴư ƾƽư ƱNjƻư ƵljƵ ǁƾƲǁƵƼ ƺǀƾLjƺƾƹ. ƞƽƸ ƾƱƵ ƱNjƻƸ ƾLJƵƽnj ƶƸƷƽƵǀưƴƾǁǂƽNjƵ, ǃƻNjƱLJƸƲNjƵ, ǀNjƶƵƲƾƻƾǁNjƵ, ƺǃƴǀǏƲNjƵ Ƹ ǁ ƺǃǀƽƾǁNjƼƸ, ƲƵǁƽǃLjLJưǂNjƼƸ ƽƾǁưƼƸ. ƞƱljưƻƸǁnj ƾƽƸ ǁƻƾƲƽƾ ƴƲƵ ƻǃLJLjƸƵ ƿƾƴǀǃƶƺƸ, ƾƱƵ ƻǎƱƸƻƸ ƿƾƺǀǃǂƸǂnjǁǏ ƿƵǀƵƴ ƷƵǀƺưƻƾƼ, ƼƵǀƸǂnj ƿƻưǂnjǏ, Ƹ Ɛƽƽư ƓǀƸƳƾǀnjƵƲƽư ƴưƶƵ ǁƾƱǁǂƲƵƽƽƾǀǃLJƽƾ ƼƾƳƻư ƿƾƺǀưǁƸǂnj ƴƾLJƺƵ ǀƵǁƽƸdžNj. ƞƽư ƾǂƿǃǁƺưƻư ƵƵ ƽư ƴƸǁƺƾǂƵƺƸ Ƹ LjƺƾƻnjƽNjƵ ƲƵLJƵǀư, ư ǂưƺƶƵ ǁ ƴƵƲƾLJƺưƼƸ ƳǃƻǏǂnj Ʋ ƿưǀƺ Ƹ Ʋ ƺưDŽƵ. ơƵǀưDŽƸƼư ƾ ǂưƺƾƹ ƶƸƷƽƸ ƴưƶƵ Ƹ ƽƵ ƼƵLJǂưƻư, ƾƽư ƽưƱƻǎƴưƻư Ʒư ƽƸƼƸ ǁ LjƸǀƾƺƾ ǀưǁƺǀNjǂNjƼƸ ƳƻưƷưƼƸ Ƹ ǂǀƵƿƵǂƾƼ Ʋ ƴǃLjƵ Ƹ, ƺƾƽƵLJƽƾ, ǁ ƿƾǂưƵƽƽNjƼ ƶƵƻưƽƸƵƼ, LJǂƾƱNj Ƹ ǃ ƽƵƵ ƱNjƻƾ ǂưƺ ƶƵ. ƣLJƸǂƵƻnjƽƸdžư, ƺƾƽƵLJƽƾ, ǁǀưƷǃ ƷưƼƵǂƸƻư ƽƵƲƵǀƾǏǂƽǃǎ ǁƺƾƲưƽƽƾǁǂnj Ʋ ƿƾƲƵƴƵƽƸƸ ơƸƼNj Ƹ ƿNjǂưƻưǁnj Džƾǂnj ƺưƺ-ǂƾ ƵƵ ƲNjƲƵǁǂƸ ƽư ƾǂƺǀƾƲƵƽƽNjƹ ǀưƷƳƾƲƾǀ, ƽƾ ƲǁƵ ƱNjƻƾ ǂljƵǂƽƾ. ƔƵƲƾLJƺư ƿǀƾǁǂƾ LjưǀưDžưƻưǁnj ƾǂ ƻǎƱNjDž ƿǀƵƴƻƾƶƵƽƸƹ: ǁDžƾƴƸǂnj ƲǁƵƼ ƲƼƵǁǂƵ ƿƾǁƸƴƵǂnj Ʋ ƺưDŽƵLjƺƵ ƸƻƸ ǀưǁƿǃǁǂƸǂnj ƲƾƻƾǁNj, ƿƾLJǃƲǁǂƲƾƲưǂnj ǁƵƱǏ ƴƵƲǃLjƺƾƹ. ƒ ǂƾ ƶƵ ƲǀƵƼǏ ǁǂƾǏljưǏ ƽư ǁǂǀưƶƵ ƴƾƱǀƾƴƵǂƵƻƸ ƲƽǃLJƺƸ ơƲƵǂƻưƽư ƢƸDžƾƽƾƲƽư ƷưƼƵǂƸƻư ƸƷƼƵƽƵƽƸƵ Ʋ ƿƾƲƵƴƵƽƸƸ ơƸƼNj, LJǂƾ ƾƽư ƺưƺ-ǂƾ ƿƾƲƵǁƵƻƵƻư, ƷưǀǃƼǏƽƸƻưǁnj, Ƹ ƾƿǏǂnj


12 ....................................................... ǁƲǏƷưƻư Ǎǂƾ ǁ ƿƾǏƲƻƵƽƸƵƼ ǂưƹƽƾƳƾ ƿƾƺƻƾƽƽƸƺư, ǂƾ Ƶǁǂnj ƺưƺƾƳƾ-ƽƸƱǃƴnj ƼưƻnjLJƸƺư. ƞƽư ƷưƿǀƵǂƸƻư ơƸƼƵ DžƾƴƸǂnj ƺ ƕƺưǂƵǀƸƽƵ, Ƹ ǂƾƳƴư ƲƽǃLJƺư ƲƷƱǃƽǂƾƲưƻưǁnj ƿƵǀƲNjƹ ǀưƷ — ƾƽư ƽƵ DžƾǂƵƻư ǂƵǀǏǂnj ƵƴƸƽǁǂƲƵƽƽǃǎ ƿƾƴǀǃƳǃ. ơƵǀưDŽƸƼư ǁƾƲƵǀLjƸƻư ƽƵƲƾƷƼƾƶƽNjƹ ƴƻǏ ƽƵƵ ƿƾǁǂǃƿƾƺ — ƾƽư ǁƱƵƶưƻư ƸƷ ƴƾƼư ƺ ƐƽƽƵ ƓǀƸƳƾǀnjƵƲƽƵ Ƹ ƚưǂƵ. ơƲƵǂƻưƽư ƢƸDžƾƽƾƲƽư ƾƱǀưǂƸƻưǁnj Ʒư ƿƾƼƾljnjǎ Ʋ ƿƾƻƸdžƸǎ, LJǂƾƱNj «ƲƵǀƽǃǂnj ƱƵƳƻǏƽƺǃ», Ƹ ƽưƿƸǁưƻư Ʋ Ljƺƾƻǃ ƿƾǀƾLJưljƵƵ ƼƾƻƾƴƾƳƾ ƿƵƴưƳƾƳư ǂƾƲưǀƸljư ƠNjƶƾƲǃ ƿƸǁnjƼƾ. ƞƽư ƾƱƲƸƽƸƻư ƵƵ Ʋ ǁƾƲǀưljƵƽƸƸ ƼưƻƾƻƵǂƽƸDž, Ʋ ǂƾƼ, LJǂƾ ǂư ƷưƲƾƴƸǂ ƾǂƽƾLjƵƽƸǏ ǁ ǃLJƵƽƸƺưƼƸ ƽƵ ǂƾƻnjƺƾ ƿƵƴưƳƾƳƸLJƵǁƺƾƳƾ ǁƲƾƹǁǂƲư, LJǂƾ ǃǁǂǀƾƸƻư ƴƾƼư ƲƵǀǂƵƿ, LJǂƾ ƾƽư ǀưƷƲǀưljưƵǂ ƵƵ ƲƽǃLJƺǃ. ƚƾƽƵLJƽƾ, ǂưƺƾƹ ǁƸƳƽưƻ ƽƵ ƾǁǂưƲƸƻƸ ƱƵƷ ƲƽƸƼưƽƸǏ, ƽƾ Ɛƽƽư ƓǀƸƳƾǀnjƵƲƽư ƾƺưƷưƻưǁnj ƽƵ ǂưƺ ƿǀƾǁǂư. ƞƽư ƴưƶƵ ƾƱǀưƴƾƲưƻưǁnj, LJǂƾ ƾƱǁǂưƽƾƲƺư Ʋ ǁƵƼnjƵ ơƵǀưDŽƸƼNj ƲNjLjƻư ƽư ƲǁƵƾƱljƵƵ ƾƱǁǃƶƴƵƽƸƵ. Ƙ ǃƶ ƾƽư, ƺưƺ ƷƴǀưƲNjƹ Ƹ ƳǀưƼƾǂƽNjƹ LJƵƻƾƲƵƺ, ƿƾƴƳƾǂƾƲƸƻưǁnj ƺƾ ƲǁƵƼ ƿǀƾƲƵǀƺưƼ ǁ ƻǎƱƾƹ ǁǂƾǀƾƽNj. Ɯưƻƾ ǂƾƳƾ, Ɛƽƽư ƓǀƸƳƾǀnjƵƲƽư ƾǂƲƵƻư ơƵǀưDŽƸƼǃ ƺ ƿǁƸDžƾǂƵǀưƿƵƲǂǃ ƽư ƾƱǁƻƵƴƾƲưƽƸƵ Ƹ ǂƵǁǂƸǀƾƲưƽƸƵ Ƹ ƿǀƵƴNJǏƲƸƻư ƽƵƾƿǀƾƲƵǀƶƸƼNjƵ ƴƾƺưƷưǂƵƻnjǁǂƲư ǂƾƳƾ, LJǂƾ ƴƵƲƾLJƺư ƲƾǁƿƸǂNjƲưƻưǁnj ƴƵǁƿƾǂƸLJƵǁƺƸƼƸ ƼƵǂƾƴưƼƸ, LJǂƾ ǃ ƽƵƵ ƿƾƴưƲƻƵƽư ƲƾƻǏ, LJǂƾ ƾƽư ƿƾƻƽư ǁǂǀưDžƾƲ, ƺƾƼƿƻƵƺǁƾƲ, LJǂƾ ƺ ƽƵƹ ƿǀƸƼƵƽǏƻƾǁnj Ƹ DŽƸƷƸLJƵǁƺƾƵ ƽưǁƸƻƸƵ, Ƹ ƾLJƵƽnj ƴƻƸǂƵƻnjƽƾƵ ƲǀƵƼǏ ǂǏƶƵƻƾƵ, ƿƾƴưƲƻǏǎljƵƵ ƿǁƸDžƾƻƾƳƸLJƵǁƺƾƵ ƲƾƷƴƵƹǁǂƲƸƵ. ƣLJƸǂƵƻǏ ƲǁƵ ƺưƺ ƾƴƸƽ ƲǁǂưƻƸ ƽư ƷưljƸǂǃ ƐƽƽNj ƓǀƸƳƾǀnjƵƲƽNj, ƾDžưǀưƺǂƵǀƸƷƾƲưƲ ƵƵ ƺưƺ ƿƾǀǏƴƾLJƽƾƳƾ ƿƵƴưƳƾƳư.


....................................................... 13 Ɛ Ʋƾǂ ǁƾǁƵƴƸ ơƵǀưDŽƸƼNj ƽƵ ƲǁǂưƻƸ ƽư ƷưljƸǂǃ ơƲƵǂƻưƽNj ƢƸDžƾƽƾƲƽNj. — ƔƵƲƾLJƺư ƾLJƵƽnj DžƾǀƾLjưǏ, ǃƼƽưǏ, ƷƴƾǀƾƲưƵǂǁǏ, ƲƵƴƵǂ ǁƵƱǏ ǂƸDžƾ. ƔưƶƵ ƾLJƵƽnj ǂƸDžƾ. Ɛ Ʋƾǂ ƱưƱǃLjƺư ƵƵ ƲǁƵ ƽƵƴƾƲƾƻnjƽư. ƒǁƵ ƲƾǀLJƸǂ Ƹ ƲƾǀLJƸǂ, ƿƸƻƸǂ ƵƵ Ƹ ƿƸƻƸǂ. ƘƷ ƴƾƼư ƴƵƲƾLJƺǃ ǁƾƲǁƵƼ ƽƵ ƾǂƿǃǁƺưƵǂ, Ʋ ƳƾǁǂƸ ƺ ƽƸƼ ƽƸƺǂƾ ƽƵ DžƾƴƸǂ. ƒ ƾƱljƵƼ, ƶưƻƺƾ ƴƵƲLJƾƽƺǃ. ƝƸ ƾǂdžư, ƽƸ ƼưǂƵǀƸ, ƷưǁǂǃƿƸǂnjǁǏ-ǂƾ ƽƵƺƾƼǃ! ƥƾƴƸǂ ƲǁƵ ƲǀƵƼǏ ǁ ƿƾǂǃDžLjƸƼƸ ƳƻưƷưƼƸ Ƹ ƾƿǃljƵƽƽNjƼƸ ƿƻƵLJưƼƸ. Ƙ ǂǃǂ ǁƻƾƶƸƻưǁnj ƾLJƵƽnj ƸƽǂƵǀƵǁƽưǏ ǁƸǂǃưdžƸǏ. ơưƼǃ ơƲƵǂƻưƽǃ ƢƸDžƾƽƾƲƽǃ ƾƱƲƸƽƸƻƸ Ʋ ƿƻƾDžƾƼ ƲƾǁƿƸǂưƽƸƸ Ƹ ƿǀƸƳǀƾƷƸƻƸ ƿǀƸƲƻƵLJnj ƺ ƾǂƲƵǂǁǂƲƵƽƽƾǁǂƸ, ƻƸLjƸǂnj ƾƿƵƺƸ. ơƵǀưDŽƸƼƵ ƺ ǂƾƼǃ ƲǀƵƼƵƽƸ ƸǁƿƾƻƽƸƻƾǁnj ƿǏǂƽưƴdžưǂnj ƻƵǂ, Ƹ ƾƽư ƸƼƵƻư ƿǀưƲƾ ƲNjƱƸǀưǂnj, ǁ ƺƵƼ Ƶƹ ƶƸǂnj. ƔƻǏ ƽưLJưƻư Ƶƹ ƱNjƻƾ ƿǀƵƴƻƾƶƵƽƾ ƿƵǀƵƹǂƸ Ʋ ƸƽǂƵǀƽưǂ. Ɛƽƽư ƓǀƸƳƾǀnjƵƲƽư ǁƺưƷưƻư, LJǂƾ ƴƵƲƾLJƺư ƼƾƶƵǂ ƶƸǂnj ǁ ƽƸƼƸ, ǂƵƼ ƱƾƻƵƵ LJǂƾ ƾƽư ǏƲƻǏƵǂǁǏ ƿƾƴǀǃƳƾƹ, ƻǃLJLjƵƹ ƿƾƴǀǃƳƾƹ ƵƵ ƴƾLJƵǀƸ. Ƙ ǂƾƳƴư ơƲƵǂƻưƽư ƢƸDžƾƽƾƲƽư ǁƵǀnjƵƷƽƾ ƷưƽƵǀƲƽƸLJưƻư. ƞƽư ǀƵưƻnjƽƾ ƸǁƿǃƳưƻưǁnj, LJǂƾ ƼƾƶƵǂ ƻƸLjƸǂnjǁǏ ǁƲƾƵƹ ƲƽǃLJƺƸ, ư Ʋ ƿǀƸƽdžƸƿƵ ƲǁƵƹ ǁƲƾƵƹ ƶƸƷƽƸ. Ƙ ƾƽư ƿƾLjƻư ƽư ƿƾƿǏǂƽǃǎ. ƞƽư ǁƻƵƷƽƾ ƿƾƾƱƵljưƻư, LJǂƾ ƿƵǀƵǁƼƾǂǀƸǂ ǁƲƾƵ ƾǂƽƾLjƵƽƸƵ ƺ ƲƽǃLJƺƵ Ƹ ǀưƷǀƵLjƸǂ ƴƵƲƾLJƺƵ ƲƸƴƵǂnjǁǏ ǁ ƴǀǃƷnjǏƼƸ, ư ǂưƺƶƵ ƿƾǁƵljưǂnj ƺǀǃƶƺƸ, ƽư ƺƾǂƾǀNjƵ ơƵǀưDŽƸƼư ƴưƲƽƾ ǃƶƵ DžƾǂƵƻư DžƾƴƸǂnj. ơƸƼư ƽƵ ǁƼƾƳƻư ƱǀƾǁƸǂnj ƱưƱǃLjƺǃ Ƹ, ƺƾƽƵLJƽƾ, ƾǁǂưƻưǁnj ǁ ƽƵƹ. ƞƽư ƲǁƵ ƶƵ ƱNjƻư ƲƾǁƿƸǂưƽƽƾƹ Ƹ ƴƾƱǀƾƹ ƴƵƲǃLjƺƾƹ. ƑưƱǃLjƺư ǂƵƿƵǀnj ƱƾǏƻưǁnj ƱƸǂnj ƵƵ, ƾƱƷNjƲưǂnj ƴǀǏƽƽNjƼƸ ǁƻƾƲưƼƸ,


14 ....................................................... ǀưƷǀƵLjƸƻư DžƾƴƸǂnj ƺ ƿƾƴǀǃƶƺƵ, ƿǀƸƽǏƻư ƴưƶƵ ƚưǂǎ ǃ ǁƵƱǏ Ƹ ƾǂƿǀưƲƸƻư ơƸƼǃ Ʋ ƺǀǃƶƾƺ ǀƸǁƾƲưƽƸǏ, ƺǃƴư ƲƽǃLJƺư ƿǀƾǁƸƻưǁnj ǃƶƵ ƴưƲƽƾ. ƢưƺưǏ, ƿǃǁǂnj Ƹ ƼưƻƵƽnjƺưǏ, ƿƾƱƵƴư ƿǀƸƽƵǁƻư Džƾǂnj ƺưƺǃǎ-ǂƾ ǀưƴƾǁǂnj Ʋ ƶƸƷƽnj Ƽƾƻƾƴƾƹ ƴƵƲǃLjƺƸ. ƚƾƽƵLJƽƾ, ƻƸLJƽƾǁǂnj ơƵǀưDŽƸƼNj ǃƶƵ ƱNjƻƾ ƽƵ ƸƷƼƵƽƸǂnj. ƞƽư ƱNjƻư ƺǀưƹƽƵ ƷưǁǂƵƽLJƸƲư, ǁƺǀƾƼƽư. Ɲƾ ƻǎƴƸ, ǁ ƺƾǂƾǀNjƼƸ ƾƽư ƾƱljưƻưǁnj, ƿƾƽƸƼưƻƸ, ƽưǁƺƾƻnjƺƾ ƾƽư ǃƼƽưǏ, LJǃǂƺưǏ Ƹ ƸƽǂƵǀƵǁƽưǏ, ƺưƺ LJƵƻƾƲƵƺ. Ɩưƻƺƾ, LJǂƾ ǍǂƸDž ƻǎƴƵƹ ƱNjƻƾ ƾLJƵƽnj Ƽưƻƾ, ǂưƺ ƺưƺ ơƸƼư ƲƵƻư ƷưƼƺƽǃǂNjƹ ƾƱǀưƷ ƶƸƷƽƸ. Ɨưǂƾ ƾƽư ƾƱƻưƴưƻư ƱƾƳưǂƵƹLjƸƼ ƲƽǃǂǀƵƽƽƸƼ ƼƸǀƾƼ. ơưƼNjƼƸ ƱƻƸƷƺƸƼƸ ƴƻǏ ơƵǀưDŽƸƼNj ǂưƺ Ƹ ƾǁǂưƻƸǁnj ƺƽƸƶƺƸ. ƟƵǀƵLJƸǂưƻư ƾƽư DŽưƺǂƸLJƵǁƺƸ Ʋǁǎ ǀǃǁǁƺǃǎ Ƹ ƷưǀǃƱƵƶƽǃǎ ƺƻưǁǁƸƺǃ Ƹ ǁƾƲǀƵƼƵƽƽNjDž, ƼƾƴƽNjDž ưƲǂƾǀƾƲ. ƕljƵ ơƵǀưDŽƸƼư ƿǀƵƺǀưǁƽƾ ǀƸǁƾƲưƻư Ƹ ǃƲƻƵƺưƻưǁnj DŽƾǂƾƳǀưDŽƸƵƹ. ƭǂƸ ǃƲƻƵLJƵƽƸǏ ƱNjƻƸ ƳƴƵ-ǂƾ ǁǀƾƴƽƸ ƴǀǃƳ ƴǀǃƳǃ. ƣLJƸƻưǁnj ơƵǀưDŽƸƼư ƾǂƻƸLJƽƾ ƿƾ ƳǃƼưƽƸǂưǀƽNjƼ ƽưǃƺưƼ Ƹ ƽƵ ƾLJƵƽnj DžƾǀƾLjƾ ƿƾ ǂƵDžƽƸLJƵǁƺƸƼ ƴƸǁdžƸƿƻƸƽưƼ. Ɛ Ʋƾǂ ǃ ƵƵ ƿƾƴǀǃƶƺƸ ƚưǂƸ ƲǁƵ ƱNjƻƾ ƽưƾƱƾǀƾǂ, ƵƵ ƼưƼư ƴưƶƵ ǃƴƸƲƻǏƻưǁnj: — Ư ǃLJƸǂƵƻnjƽƸdžư ǀǃǁǁƺƾƳƾ ǏƷNjƺư Ƹ ƻƸǂƵǀưǂǃǀNj, Ƹ ƵƻƵ-ƵƻƵ ƼƾƵƹ ƴƾLJƵǀƸ ƽưǂǏƳƸƲưǎǂ Ʋ LJƵǂƲƵǀǂƸ ƿƾ ǍǂƸƼ ƿǀƵƴƼƵǂưƼ «LJƵǂNjǀƵ», ư ǂƾ Ƹ «ǂǀƸ». ƟƾƷƾǀ! Ɨưǂƾ ƿƾ ƼưǂƵƼưǂƸƺƵ Ƹ DŽƸƷƸƺƵ «ƾǂƻƸLJƽƾ»! ƟǀǏƼƾ ƲƳƾƽǏƵLjnj ƼƵƽǏ Ʋ ƺǀưǁƺǃ! ƚưƺ ǂưƺƾƵ ƲƾƷƼƾƶƽƾ? Ɛ Ʋƾǂ ǁ ơƵǀưDŽƸƼƾƹ ƾƽƸ ƽưDžƾƴƸƻƸǁnj ƽư ƾƴƽƾƹ ƲƾƻƽƵ, Ɛƽƽư ƓǀƸƳƾǀnjƵƲƽư ǁƾƲƵǂƾƲưƻư Ƶƹ, LJǂƾ LJƸǂưǂnj, ƾƱǁǃƶƴưƻƸ ǂƾ ƸƻƸ ƸƽƾƵ ƿǀƾƸƷƲƵƴƵ-


....................................................... 15 ƽƸƵ. ơƲƾƵƹ ƴƾLJƵǀƸ Ɛƽƽư ƓǀƸƳƾǀnjƵƲƽư ǁǂưƲƸƻư ơƸƼǃ Ʋ ƿǀƸƼƵǀ. — ƟƾǂǀǏǁưǎljưǏ ƴƵƲƾLJƺư, ǁ ƱƾƳưǂƵƹLjƸƼ ƲƽǃǂǀƵƽƽƸƼ ƼƸǀƾƼ! ƝƵ ǂƾ LJǂƾ ǂNj — ǁǂǀƵƺƾƷư! — ƜƽƵ ƾƽư ǂƾƶƵ ƽǀưƲƸǂǁǏ! ƟƾǍǂƾƼǃ Ƹ ƴǀǃƶǃ ǁ ơƸƼƾƹ! — ƾǂƲƵLJưƻư ƚưǂǏ Ƹ ƱƵƶưƻư ƽư ƴƸǁƺƾǂƵƺǃ ǁ ƴǀǃƳƸƼƸ ƴƵƲLJƾƽƺưƼƸ, ƿƾǂƾƼǃ LJǂƾ Ʋƾǂ Ʋ ǍǂƾƼ ơƵǀưDŽƸƼư ƵƵ ƽƵ ƿƾƴƴƵǀƶƸƲưƻư, Ƶƹ Ǎǂƾ ƱNjƻƾ ǁƾƲƵǀLjƵƽƽƾ ƽƵƸƽǂƵǀƵǁƽƾ, ƾƽư ƴưƶƵ ƱƾǏƻưǁnj ǂưƺƸDž ƼƵǀƾƿǀƸǏǂƸƹ, ƱƾƻnjLjƾƳƾ ǁƺƾƿƻƵƽƸǏ ƽưǀƾƴư. Ɲư ƲNjƿǃǁƺƽƾƹ Ʊưƻ ơƵǀưDŽƸƼư ƽƵ ƿƾLjƻư, ƲǁƵDž ǃƱƵƴƸƲ, LJǂƾ ƷưƱƾƻƵƻư. Ɲư ǁưƼƾƼ ƴƵƻƵ ƽư ƿƵƽǁƸǎ ƱưƱǃLjƺƸ ƾƽƸ ƽƵ ǁƼƾƳƻƸ ƿǀƸƾƱǀƵǁǂƸ Ƶƹ ƿƻưǂnjƵ, ƴư Ƹ ǁƴưǂnj ƴƵƽnjƳƸ ƽư ƲƵLJƵǀ ǃ ƽƸDž ǂƾƶƵ ƽƵ ƱNjƻƾ ƲƾƷƼƾƶƽƾǁǂƸ. Ɛ ƿƾƿǀƾǁƸǂnj ǃ ƺƾƳƾ-ƻƸƱƾ ơƵǀưDŽƸƼư ƽƸƺƾƳƴư ƱNj ƽƵ ƾǁƼƵƻƸƻưǁnj. Ƣưƺ ƾƽư ƾǁǂưƻưǁnj ƱƵƷ ƲNjƿǃǁƺƽƾƳƾ Ʊưƻư. Ɛ Ʋƾǂ ƼưƼư ƚưǂƸ ƴƾƻƳƾ ǁƵƱƵ ƿǀƾǁǂƸǂnj ƿƾǂƾƼ ƽƵ ƼƾƳƻư, LJǂƾ ǃƿǃǁǂƸƻư Ǎǂƾǂ ƼƾƼƵƽǂ, LJǂƾ ƲƾƲǀƵƼǏ ƽƵ ƿǀƾLJǃƲǁǂƲƾƲưƻư ƸǁǂƸƽƽǃǎ ƿǀƸLJƸƽǃ ƾǂƺưƷư ơƸƼNj ƾǂ ǂưƺƾƳƾ ƲưƶƽƾƳƾ ƼƵǀƾƿǀƸǏǂƸǏ Ʋ ƶƸƷƽƸ ƺưƶƴƾƹ Ƽƾƻƾƴƾƹ ƴƵƲǃLjƺƸ. ƞƽư ƴƾƻƶƽư ƱNjƻư ƿƾƼƾLJnj Ƶƹ Ʋ ǍǂƾƼ! Ɲƾ ơƸƼư ƱNjƻư ƾLJƵƽnj Ƴƾǀƴƾƹ. ƟƾǂƾƼ ơƵǀưDŽƸƼư ǁ ǃǁƿƵDžƾƼ ƿƾǁǂǃƿƸƻư ƽư DŽưƺǃƻnjǂƵǂ ƶǃǀƽưƻƸǁǂƸƺƸ ƻƸǂƵǀưǂǃǀƽƾƳƾ ƲǃƷư, ư Ʋƾǂ ǁ ƾƱǃLJƵƽƸƵƼ ǃ ơƸƼNj ƲƾƷƽƸƺƻƸ ǁƻƾƶƽƾǁǂƸ. Ƨǂƾ ƺưǁưƻƾǁnj ǂƵƾǀƵǂƸLJƵǁƺƾƹ LJưǁǂƸ, ƷƴƵǁnj ƲǁƵ ƱNjƻƾ ƾǂƻƸLJƽƾ. Ɛ ƺưƺ ƴƾDžƾƴƸƻƾ ƴƵƻƾ ƴƾ ƿǀưƺǂƸƺƸ, ǂưƺ ƾǂ ơƸƼNj ƽƵ ƱNjƻƾ ƽƸƺưƺƾƳƾ ǂƾƻƺǃ. ƞƽư ƽƵ ƼƾƳƻư ƿƾƴƾƹǂƸ ƺ LJƵƻƾƲƵƺǃ, ƽƵ ǁƿƾǁƾƱƽư ƱNjƻư ƲƵǁǂƸ ƸƽǂƵǀƲnjǎ Ƹ ǁƾƱƸǀưǂnj Ƹƽ-

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