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ƣƔƚ 82-3 ƑƑƚ 84(2Ơƾǁ-Ơǃǁ)6-4 Ɛ 19

Ɛ 19

ч . . ƚǃƱưǀƵƼ ƿƾ ƷưƳǀưƽƸdžưƼ / ƐǀƺưƴƸƹ ƐƲƵǀLJƵƽƺƾ. — Ɯ. : ƭƺǁƼƾ, 2013. — 640 ǁ. — (ƠǃǁǁƺưǏ ƺƻưǁǁƸƺư). ISBN 978-5-699-65116-0 «ƚƾǀƾƻƵƼ ǁƼƵDžư», «ƠNjdžưǀƵƼ ǃƻNjƱƺƸ» ƽưƷNjƲưƻƸ ǁƾƲǀƵƼƵƽƽƸƺƸ ƐǀƺưƴƸǏ ƐƲƵǀLJƵƽƺƾ, ƿǀƾƷư ƿƸǁưǂƵƻǏ ƱNjƻư ƾLJƵƽnj ƿƾƿǃƻǏǀƽư ƿǀƸ ƶƸƷƽƸ ưƲǂƾǀư. ƝƵǁƼƾǂǀǏ ƽư ǂƾ LJǂƾ Ɛ. ƐƲƵǀLJƵƽƺƾ ǁǂƾǏƻ ƽư ưƽǂƸƼƾƽưǀDžƸLJƵǁƺƸDž ƿƾƷƸdžƸǏDž, ǁLJƸǂưǏ, LJǂƾ ƴƾ ǀƵƲƾƻǎdžƸƸ «ƲǁǏ ƠƾǁǁƸǏ ƱNjƻư Ʊƾƻnjƽư» Ƹ ƤƵƲǀưƻnjǁƺǃǎ ǀƵƲƾƻǎdžƸǎ ƿǀƸƽǏƻ, — ƞƺǂǏƱǀnjǁƺǃǎ ǀƵƲƾƻǎdžƸǎ 1917 Ƴƾƴư ǁLJƸǂưƻ ǀưƷǀǃLjưǎljƵƹ ǂǀưƴƸdžƸƸ, ƲƵƴǃljƵƹ ƺ Ƴǀưƶƴưƽǁƺƾƹ ƲƾƹƽƵ, ǃƽƸLJǂƾƶƵƽƸǎ ǁƲǏƷƸ ƲǀƵƼƵƽ, ƾǂǀƸdžưǎljƵƹ ƽưdžƸƾƽưƻnjƽNjƵ Ƹ ƿưǂǀƸƾǂƸLJƵǁƺƸƵ ƸƴƵƸ. Ɲƾ ƱƵǁƿƾljưƴƽưǏ ƿǀưƲƴư ƽƵ ƾǁǂưƽưƲƻƸƲưƵǂ ƷƴƾǀƾƲƾƳƾ ǁƼƵDžư ƿƸǁưǂƵƻǏ, ƲƾƲƻƵƺưǎljƵƳƾ LJƸǂưǂƵƻǏ Ʋ ƴƵƹǁǂƲƾ Ƽưǁƾƺ, ƺưǀƽưƲưƻnjƽNjDž ƿƵǀƵƾƴƵƲưƽƸƹ. ƕƳƾ ƳƵǀƾƸ ƾǂƺưƷưƻƸǁnj ƾǂ ƽưǀƾƴƽƾƹ ƿǀưƲƴNj, ƿǀƸƽǏƲ ƾDŽƸdžƸưƻnjƽǃǎ. ƒ ǁƲƾƸDž ǁưǂƸǀƸLJƵǁƺƸDž, ƺǀưƹƽƵ ƾǁǂǀNjDž, ƽƵ ƻƸLjƵƽƽNjDž ǂǀưƳƸƷƼư ǀưǁǁƺưƷưDž ƿƸǁưǂƵƻnj ƿǀƵƴǃƿǀƵƶƴưƵǂ ƾ ƽƵLjǃǂƾLJƽƾƹ ƾƿưǁƽƾǁǂƸ, ƺ ƺƾǂƾǀƾƹ ƲƵƴƵǂ ƷưǂǏƽǃƲLjƸƹǁǏ Ƽưǁƺưǀưƴ, ƺƾƳƴư ƽƵLJƸǁǂưǏ ǁƸƻư, ƲNjƷƲưƽƽưǏ ƽư ƽưǀƾƴƽNjƹ ƿǀưƷƴƽƸƺ, ƿƾƴƼƵƽǏƵǂ ǀƵưƻnjƽNjƵ ƻƸdžư Ƹ ƴƾƱǀNjDž ƷƽưƺƾƼNjDž ƸƷ ǁǂưǀNjDž ǁƺưƷƾƺ. ДК 82-3 К 84(2

ISBN 978-5-699-65116-0

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. ООО «И », 2013

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ь


АВТОБИОГРАФИЯ

ƕljƵ Ʒư ƿǏǂƽưƴdžưǂnj ƼƸƽǃǂ ƴƾ ǀƾƶƴƵƽƸǏ Ǐ ƽƵ Ʒƽưƻ, LJǂƾ ƿƾǏƲƻǎǁnj ƽư ƱƵƻNjƹ ǁƲƵǂ. ƭǂƾ ǁưƼƾ ƿƾ ǁƵƱƵ ƿǃǁǂǏLJƽƾƵ ǃƺưƷưƽƸƵ Ǐ ƴƵƻưǎ ƻƸLjnj ƿƾǂƾƼǃ, LJǂƾ ƶƵƻưǎ ƾƿƵǀƵƴƸǂnj ƽư LJƵǂƲƵǀǂnj LJưǁư ƲǁƵDž ƴǀǃƳƸDž ƷưƼƵLJưǂƵƻnjƽNjDž ƻǎƴƵƹ, ƶƸƷƽnj ƺƾǂƾǀNjDž ǁ ǃǂƾƼƸǂƵƻnjƽNjƼ ƾƴƽƾƾƱǀưƷƸƵƼ ƾƿƸǁNjƲưƻưǁnj ƽƵƿǀƵƼƵƽƽƾ ǁ ƼƾƼƵƽǂư ǀƾƶƴƵƽƸǏ. Ɲǃ, Ʋƾǂ. ƚƾƳƴư ưƺǃLjƵǀƺư ƿǀƵƿƾƴƽƵǁƻư ƼƵƽǏ ƾǂdžǃ, ƾƽ ǁ ƲƸƴƾƼ Ʒƽưǂƾƺư ƾǁƼƾǂǀƵƻ ǂƾ, LJǂƾ Ǐ ƸƷ ǁƵƱǏ ƿǀƵƴǁǂưƲƻǏƻ, Ƹ ƲƾǁƺƻƸƺƽǃƻ: — ƔƵǀƶǃ ƿưǀƸ ƽư Ʒƾƻƾǂƾƹ, LJǂƾ Ǎǂƾ ƼưƻnjLJƸLjƺư! «ơǂưǀưǏ ƻƸǁƸdžư! — ƿƾƴǃƼưƻ Ǐ, ƲƽǃǂǀƵƽƽƵ ǃǁƼƵDžƽǃƲLjƸǁnj. — ƢNj ƸƳǀưƵLjnj ƽưƲƵǀƽǏƺư». ơ ǍǂƾƳƾ ǀưƷƳƾƲƾǀư Ƹ ƽưLJưƻƾǁnj ƽưLjƵ ƷƽưƺƾƼǁǂƲƾ, ư ƿƾǂƾƼ Ƹ ƴǀǃƶƱư. ƘƷ ǁƺǀƾƼƽƾǁǂƸ Ǐ ƾǁǂƵǀƵƳǃǁnj ǃƺưƷưǂnj ƽư ǂƾǂ DŽưƺǂ, LJǂƾ Ʋ ƴƵƽnj ƼƾƵƳƾ ǀƾƶƴƵƽƸǏ ƷƲƾƽƸƻƸ Ʋ ƺƾƻƾƺƾƻư Ƹ ƱNjƻƾ ƲǁƵƾƱljƵƵ ƽưǀƾƴƽƾƵ ƻƸƺƾƲưƽƸƵ. ƗƻNjƵ ǏƷNjƺƸ ǁƲǏƷNjƲưƻƸ Ǎǂƾ ƻƸƺƾƲưƽƸƵ ǁ ƺưƺƸƼ-ǂƾ ƱƾƻnjLjƸƼ ƿǀưƷƴƽƸƺƾƼ, ǁƾƲƿưƲLjƸƼ ǁ ƴƽƵƼ ƼƾƵƳƾ ƿƾǏƲƻƵƽƸǏ ƽư ǁƲƵǂ, ƽƾ Ǐ ƴƾ ǁƸDž ƿƾǀ ƽƵ ƿƾƽƸƼưǎ, ƿǀƸ LJƵƼ ƷƴƵǁnj ƵljƵ ƺưƺƾƹ-ǂƾ ƿǀưƷƴƽƸƺ? ƟǀƸƳƻǏƴƵƲLjƸǁnj ƺ ƾƺǀǃƶưǎljƵƼǃ, Ǐ ǀƵLjƸƻ, LJǂƾ ƼƽƵ ƽǃƶƽƾ ƿƵǀƲNjƼ ƴƾƻƳƾƼ ƲNjǀưǁǂƸ. Ư ƸǁƿƾƻƽǏƻ Ǎǂƾ ǁ ǂưƺƸƼ ǂljưƽƸƵƼ, LJǂƾ ƺ ƲƾǁnjƼƸ ƳƾƴưƼ ǃƲƸƴƵƻ ƾƴƽưƶƴNj 5


А РК А Д ИЙ А ВЕРЧЕНКО

ƾǂdžư ƱƵǀǃljƸƼ ƼƵƽǏ Ʒư ǀǃƺǃ. ƚƾƽƵLJƽƾ, Ƹ ƴƾ ǍǂƾƳƾ ƾǂƵdž ƽƵƾƴƽƾƺǀưǂƽƾ Ʊǀưƻ ƼƵƽǏ Ʒư ǃƺưƷưƽƽǃǎ ƺƾƽƵLJƽƾǁǂnj, ƽƾ ƿǀƵƴNjƴǃljƸƵ ƿƾƿNjǂƺƸ ǏƲƻǏƻƸǁnj ƽƵ ƱƾƻƵƵ ƺưƺ ǀƵưƻnjƽNjƼƸ ǁƸƼƿǂƾƼưƼƸ ƾǂƵLJƵǁƺƾƹ ƻưǁƺƸ. ƒ ƽưǁǂƾǏljƵƼ ƶƵ ǁƻǃLJưƵ ƾƽ, ƺǀƾƼƵ ǂƾƳƾ, ƽưDžƻƾƱǃLJƸƻ ƽư ƳƾƻƾƲNj ǁƵƱƵ Ƹ ƼƽƵ ƿƾ LjƻǏƿƵ — Ƹ ƼNj ƲNjLjƻƸ ƽư ǃƻƸdžǃ. — ƚǃƴư Ǎǂƾ ƽưǁ LJƵǀǂƸ ƽƵǁǃǂ? — ǁƿǀƾǁƸƻ Ǐ ǁ ƿǀǏƼƸƷƽƾƹ, ƲǁƵƳƴư ƼƵƽǏ ƾǂƻƸLJưƲLjƵƹ. — ƢƵƱƵ ƽưƴƾ ǃLJƸǂnjǁǏ. — ƞLJƵƽnj ƽǃƶƽƾ! ƝƵ DžƾLJǃ ǃLJƸǂnjǁǏ. — ƟƾLJƵƼǃ? ƧǂƾƱNj ƾǂƲǏƷưǂnjǁǏ, Ǐ ǁƺưƷưƻ ƿƵǀƲƾƵ, LJǂƾ ƿǀƸLjƻƾ Ʋ ƳƾƻƾƲǃ: — Ư ƱƾƻƵƽ. — Ƨǂƾ ǃ ǂƵƱǏ ƱƾƻƸǂ? Ư ƿƵǀƵƱǀưƻ ƽư ƿưƼǏǂnj ƲǁƵ ǁƲƾƸ ƾǀƳưƽNj Ƹ ƲNjƱǀưƻ ǁưƼNjƹ ƽƵƶƽNjƹ: — ƓƻưƷư. — ƓƼ... ƟƾƹƴƵƼ ƺ ƴƾƺǂƾǀǃ. ƚƾƳƴư ƼNj ǏƲƸƻƸǁnj ƺ ƴƾƺǂƾǀǃ, Ǐ ƽưǂƺƽǃƻǁǏ ƽư ƽƵƳƾ, ƽư ƵƳƾ ƿưdžƸƵƽǂư Ƹ ǁƲưƻƸƻ ƼưƻƵƽnjƺƸƹ ǁǂƾƻƸƺ. — ƢNj, ƼưƻnjLJƸƺ, ƽƸLJƵƳƾ ǀƵLjƸǂƵƻnjƽƾ ƽƵ ƲƸƴƸLjnj? — ƝƸLJƵƳƾ, — ƾǂƲƵǂƸƻ Ǐ, ǃǂưƸƲ DžƲƾǁǂ DŽǀưƷNj, ƺƾǂƾǀNjƹ ƴƾƺƾƽLJƸƻ Ʋ ǃƼƵ: «...DžƾǀƾLjƵƳƾ Ʋ ǃLJƵƽnjƵ». Ƣưƺ Ǐ Ƹ ƽƵ ƷưƽƸƼưƻǁǏ ƽưǃƺưƼƸ. * * * ƛƵƳƵƽƴư ƾ ǂƾƼ, LJǂƾ Ǐ ƼưƻnjLJƸƺ Ʊƾƻnjƽƾƹ, DžƸƻNjƹ, ƺƾǂƾǀNjƹ ƽƵ ƼƾƶƵǂ ǃLJƸǂnjǁǏ, ǀƾǁƻư Ƹ ǃƺǀƵƿƻǏƻưǁnj, Ƹ ƱƾƻnjLjƵ ƲǁƵƳƾ ƷưƱƾǂƸƻǁǏ ƾƱ ǍǂƾƼ Ǐ ǁưƼ. ƞǂƵdž Ƽƾƹ, ƱǃƴǃLJƸ ƿƾ ƿǀƾDŽƵǁǁƸƸ ƺǃƿdžƾƼ, ƽƵ ƾƱǀưljưƻ ƽư ƼƵƽǏ ƽƸƺưƺƾƳƾ ƲƽƸƼưƽƸǏ, ǂưƺ ƺưƺ ƿƾ Ƴƾǀƻƾ ƱNjƻ ƷưƽǏǂ DžƻƾƿƾǂưƼƸ Ƹ ƿƻưƽưƼƸ: ƺưƺƸƼ ƱNj ƾƱǀưƷƾƼ ƿƾǁƺƾǀƵƵ ǀưƷƾǀƸǂnjǁǏ? ƭǂƾ ƱNjƻƾ ƼƵLJǂƾƹ ƵƳƾ ƶƸƷƽƸ, 6


К У БА РЕМ ПО ЗА Г РА НИЦ А М

Ƹ ƽǃƶƽƾ ƾǂƴưǂnj ƵƼǃ ƿƾƻƽǃǎ ǁƿǀưƲƵƴƻƸƲƾǁǂnj — ƴƾƱǀNjƹ ǁǂưǀƸƺ ƴƾǁǂƸƳ ǁƲƾƸDž ǁǂǀƵƼƻƵƽƸƹ ǁưƼNjƼ ƱƵƷǃƺƾǀƸƷƽƵƽƽNjƼ ƾƱǀưƷƾƼ. ƞƽ Ǎǂƾ ǁƴƵƻưƻ ƿǀƸ ǁƾǃLJưǁǂƸƸ džƵƻƾƹ ƿƻƵǏƴNj ƲƾǀƾƲ, ƺƾǂƾǀNjƵ ƾƱƲƾǀƾƲNjƲưƻƸ ƵƳƾ ƼưƳưƷƸƽ, ƿƾƺǃƿưǂƵƻƵƹ, ƺƾǂƾǀNjƵ ƱǀưƻƸ ƸǁƺƻǎLJƸǂƵƻnjƽƾ Ƹ ƿƻưƽƾƼƵǀƽƾ Ʋ ƴƾƻƳ, Ƹ — ƿƾƶưǀƾƲ, ƸǁƿƵƿƵƻǏƲLjƸDž ǂƵ ƸƷ ƾǂdžƾƲǁƺƸDž ǂƾƲưǀƾƲ, ƺƾǂƾǀNjƵ ƽƵ ƱNjƻƸ ǀưǁǂưljƵƽNj ƲƾǀưƼƸ Ƹ ƿƾƺǃƿưǂƵƻǏƼƸ. ƒƾǀNj, ƿƾƶưǀNj Ƹ ƿƾƺǃƿưǂƵƻƸ ƴƾƻƳƾƵ ƲǀƵƼǏ ǁǂƾǏƻƸ ǁǂƵƽƾƹ ƼƵƶƴǃ Ƽƽƾƹ Ƹ ƾǂdžƾƼ, Ƹ Ǐ ǂưƺ Ƹ ƾǁǂưƻǁǏ ƱNj ƽƵƳǀưƼƾǂƽNjƼ, ƵǁƻƸ ƱNj ǁǂưǀLjƸƼ ǁƵǁǂǀưƼ ƽƵ ƿǀƸLjƻư Ʋ ƳƾƻƾƲǃ ƷưƱưƲƽưǏ, ǁǃƻƸƲLjưǏ ƸƼ Ƽưǁǁǃ ƽƾƲNjDž ƾljǃljƵƽƸƹ ƼNjǁƻnj: ƷưƽǏǂnjǁǏ ƼƾƸƼ ƾƱǀưƷƾƲưƽƸƵƼ. ƞLJƵƲƸƴƽƾ, Ǐ ƿǀƵƴǁǂưƲƻǏƻ ƸƷ ǁƵƱǏ ƻưƺƾƼNjƹ ƺǃǁƾLJƵƺ, ǂưƺ ƺưƺ ƸƷƷư ƲƵǁnjƼư ǁƾƼƽƸǂƵƻnjƽƾƳƾ ǃƴƾƲƾƻnjǁǂƲƸǏ ƾǁƲƵǂƸǂnj Ƽƾƹ ƻƵƽƸƲNjƹ ƼƾƷƳ ǁƲƵǂƾƼ ƷƽưƽƸǏ ǁƵǁǂǀNj ƽƵ ǂƾƻnjƺƾ ǁƿƾǀƸƻƸ, ƽƾ ƾƴƽưƶƴNj ƴưƶƵ ƲǁǂǃƿƸƻƸ Ʋ ǀǃƺƾƿưLjƽǃǎ, Ƹ ǀƵƷǃƻnjǂưǂ ǁDžƲưǂƺƸ — ƲNjƲƸDžƽǃǂNjƹ ƿưƻƵdž — ƽƸǁƺƾƻnjƺƾ ƽƵ ƾDžƻưƴƸƻ ƿǀƵƿƾƴưƲưǂƵƻnjǁƺƾƳƾ ƿNjƻư ǁǂưǀLjƵƹ ǁƵǁǂǀNj ƛǎƱNj. Ƣưƺ — ƽư DŽƾƽƵ ǀƾƴǁǂƲƵƽƽƾƹ ƷưƱƾǂƻƸƲƾǁǂƸ, ƻǎƱƲƸ, ƿƾƶưǀƾƲ, ƲƾǀƾƲ Ƹ ƿƾƺǃƿưǂƵƻƵƹ — ǁƾƲƵǀLjưƻǁǏ Ƽƾƹ ǀƾǁǂ Ƹ ǀưƷƲƸƲưƻƾǁnj ǁƾƷƽưǂƵƻnjƽƾƵ ƾǂƽƾLjƵƽƸƵ ƺ ƾƺǀǃƶưǎljƵƼǃ. * * * ƚƾƳƴư ƼƽƵ ƸǁƿƾƻƽƸƻƾǁnj ƿǏǂƽưƴdžưǂnj ƻƵǂ, ƾǂƵdž, ǁ ǁƾƶưƻƵƽƸƵƼ ǀưǁƿǀƾǁǂƸƲLjƸƹǁǏ ǁ ƲƾǀưƼƸ, ƿƾƺǃƿưǂƵƻǏƼƸ Ƹ ƿƾƶưǀưƼƸ, ƾƴƽưƶƴNj ǁƺưƷưƻ ƼƽƵ: — Ɲưƴƾ ǂƵƱƵ ǁƻǃƶƸǂnj. — Ɣư Ǐ ƽƵ ǃƼƵǎ, — ƲƾƷǀưƷƸƻ Ǐ, ƿƾ ǁƲƾƵƼǃ ƾƱNjƺƽƾƲƵƽƸǎ ƲNjƱƸǀưǏ ǂưƺǃǎ ƿƾƷƸdžƸǎ, ƺƾǂƾǀưǏ ƼƾƳƻư ƳưǀưƽǂƸǀƾƲưǂnj ƼƽƵ ƿƾƻƽNjƹ Ƹ ƱƵƷƼǏǂƵƶƽNjƹ ƿƾƺƾƹ. 7


А РК А Д ИЙ А ВЕРЧЕНКО

— ƒƷƴƾǀ! — ƲƾƷǀưƷƸƻ ƾǂƵdž. — ơƵǀƵƶư ƗƵƻnjdžƵǀ ƽƵ ǁǂưǀLjƵ ǂƵƱǏ, ư ƾƽ ǃƶƵ ǁƻǃƶƸǂ! ƭǂƾǂ ơƵǀƵƶư ƱNjƻ ǁưƼNjƼ ƱƾƻnjLjƸƼ ƺƾLjƼưǀƾƼ ƼƾƵƹ ǎƽƾǁǂƸ. ƧƸǁǂƵƽnjƺƸƹ, ưƺƺǃǀưǂƽNjƹ ƽƵƼLJƸƺ, ƽưLj ǁƾǁƵƴ ƿƾ ƴƾƼǃ, ơƵǀƵƶư ǁ ǁưƼƾƳƾ ǀưƽƽƵƳƾ ƲƾƷǀưǁǂư ǁǂưƲƸƻǁǏ ƼƽƵ Ʋ ƿǀƸƼƵǀ ƺưƺ ƾƱǀưƷƵdž ƲNjƴƵǀƶưƽƽƾǁǂƸ, ǂǀǃƴƾƻǎƱƸǏ Ƹ ưƺƺǃǀưǂƽƾǁǂƸ. — ƟƾǁƼƾǂǀƸ ƽư ơƵǀƵƶǃ, — ƳƾƲƾǀƸƻư ƿƵLJưƻnjƽƾ Ƽưǂnj. — ƜưƻnjLJƸƺ ǁƻǃƶƸǂ, ƷưǁƻǃƶƸƲưƵǂ ƻǎƱƾƲnj ƽưLJưƻnjǁǂƲư, ǃƼƵƵǂ ƿƾƳƾƲƾǀƸǂnj, Ʋ ƾƱljƵǁǂƲƵ ƴƵǀƶƸǂǁǏ ǁƲƾƱƾƴƽƾ, ƽư ƳƸǂưǀƵ ƸƳǀưƵǂ, ƿƾƵǂ... Ɛ ǂNj? ƞƱƵǁƺǃǀưƶƵƽƽNjƹ ǍǂƸƼƸ ǃƿǀƵƺưƼƸ, Ǐ ƽƵƼƵƴƻƵƽƽƾ ƿƾƴDžƾƴƸƻ ƺ ƳƸǂưǀƵ, ƲƸǁƵƲLjƵƹ ƽư ǁǂƵƽƵ, ƴƵǀƳưƻ ǁǂǀǃƽǃ, ƽưLJƸƽưƻ ƲƸƷƶưǂnj ƿǀƾƽƷƸǂƵƻnjƽNjƼ ƳƾƻƾǁƾƼ ƺưƺǃǎǂƾ ƽƵƲƵƴƾƼǃǎ ƿƵǁƽǎ, ǁǂưǀưƻǁǏ «ƴƵǀƶưǂnjǁǏ ǁƲƾƱƾƴƽƵƵ», LjưǀƺưǏ ƽƾƳưƼƸ ƿƾ ǁǂƵƽưƼ, ƽƾ ƲǁƵ Ǎǂƾ ƱNjƻƾ ǁƻưƱƾ, ƲǁƵ ƱNjƻƾ ƲǂƾǀƾƳƾ ǁƾǀǂư. ơƵǀƵƶư ƾǁǂưƲưƻǁǏ ƽƵƴƾǁǏƳưƵƼ! — ơƵǀƵƶư ǁƻǃƶƸǂ, ư ǂNj ƵljƵ ƽƵ ǁƻǃƶƸLjnj... — ǃƿǀƵƺƽǃƻ ƼƵƽǏ ƾǂƵdž. — ơƵǀƵƶư, ƼƾƶƵǂ ƱNjǂnj, ƴƾƼư ƻǏƳǃLjƵƺ Ƶǁǂ, — ƲƾƷǀưƷƸƻ Ǐ, ƿƾƴǃƼưƲ. — Ƣưƺ Ƹ ƼƽƵ ƿǀƸƺưƶƵǂƵ? — ƟǀƸƺưƶǃ, ƵǁƻƸ ƿƾƽưƴƾƱƸǂǁǏ! — Ƴưǀƺƽǃƻ ƾǂƵdž, ǁǂǃLJư ƺǃƻưƺƾƼ ƿƾ ǁǂƾƻǃ. — ƧƵǀ-ǀǂ ƲƾƷnjƼƸ! Ư ǁƴƵƻưǎ ƸƷ ǂƵƱǏ LjƵƻƺƾƲƾƳƾ! ƚưƺ LJƵƻƾƲƵƺ ǁƾ ƲƺǃǁƾƼ, ƾǂƵdž ƸƷ ƲǁƵDž ƼưǂƵǀƸƹ ƿǀƵƴƿƾLJƸǂưƻ LjƵƻƺ, Ƹ ƴǀǃƳƾƹ ƼưǂƵǀƸưƻ ƴƻǏ ƼƵƽǏ ƺưƷưƻǁǏ ƵƼǃ ƽƵƿƾƴDžƾƴǏljƸƼ. * * * ƟƾƼƽǎ ƿƵǀƲNjƹ ƴƵƽnj ƼƾƵƹ ǁƻǃƶƱNj, ƺƾǂƾǀǃǎ Ǐ ƴƾƻƶƵƽ ƱNjƻ ƽưLJưǂnj Ʋ ƺưƺƾƹ-ǂƾ ǁƾƽƽƾƹ ǂǀưƽǁƿƾǀǂƽƾƹ ƺƾƽǂƾǀƵ ƿƾ ƿƵǀƵƲƾƷƺƵ ƺƻưƴƵƹ. 8


К У БА РЕМ ПО ЗА Г РА НИЦ А М

Ư ƷưƱǀưƻǁǏ ǂǃƴư LJǃǂnj ƻƸ ƽƵ Ʋ ƲƾǁƵƼnj LJưǁƾƲ ǃǂǀư Ƹ Ʒưǁǂưƻ ǂƾƻnjƺƾ ƾƴƽƾƳƾ LJƵƻƾƲƵƺư Ʋ ƶƸƻƵǂƵ ƱƵƷ ƿƸƴƶưƺư, ƾLJƵƽnj ƿǀƸƲƵǂƻƸƲƾƳƾ Ƹ ǁƺǀƾƼƽƾƳƾ. «ƭǂƾ, ƽưƲƵǀƽƾƵ, Ƹ Ƶǁǂnj ƳƻưƲƽNjƹ ưƳƵƽǂ», — ƿƾƴǃƼưƻ Ǐ. — ƗƴǀưƲǁǂƲǃƹǂƵ! — ǁƺưƷưƻ Ǐ, ƺǀƵƿƺƾ ƿƾƶƸƼưǏ ƵƼǃ ǀǃƺǃ. — ƚưƺ ƴƵƻƸLjƺƸ? — ƝƸLJƵƳƾ ǁƵƱƵ. ơưƴƸǂƵǁnj, ƿƾƱƾƻǂưƵƼ! ƜNj ƴǀǃƶƵǁƺƸ ƷưƺǃǀƸƻƸ ƿưƿƸǀƾǁNj, Ƹ Ǐ ƷưƲƵƻ ƴƸƿƻƾƼưǂƸLJƽNjƹ ǀưƷƳƾƲƾǀ ƾ ǁƲƾƵƹ ƱǃƴǃljƵƹ ƺưǀnjƵǀƵ, ǀưǁǁƺưƷưƲ ƾ ǁƵƱƵ Ʋǁǎ ƿƾƴƽƾƳƾǂƽǃǎ. ƝƵƾƶƸƴưƽƽƾ ǁƷưƴƸ ƽưǁ ǀưƷƴưƻǁǏ ǀƵƷƺƸƹ Ƴƾƻƾǁ: — ƢNj LJǂƾ ƶƵ, ƱƾƻƲưƽ, ƴƾ ǁƸDž ƿƾǀ ƴưƶƵ ƿNjƻƸ ƽƵ ǁǂƵǀ?! Ƣƾǂ, Ʋ ƺƾƼ Ǐ ƿƾƴƾƷǀƵƲưƻ ƳƻưƲƽƾƳƾ ưƳƵƽǂư, ǁ ƺǀƸƺƾƼ ƸǁƿǃƳư ƲǁƺƾLJƸƻ Ƹ ǁDžƲưǂƸƻǁǏ Ʒư ƿNjƻnjƽǃǎ ǂǀǏƿƺǃ. ƝưLJưƻnjƽƸLJƵǁƺƸƹ Ƴƾƻƾǁ ƲƽƾƲnj ƿǀƸLjƵƴLjƵƳƾ ƼƾƻƾƴƾƳƾ LJƵƻƾƲƵƺư ǃƱƵƴƸƻ ƼƵƽǏ, LJǂƾ Ǐ ƸƼƵǎ ƴƵƻƾ ǁ ǁưƼƸƼ ƳƻưƲƽNjƼ ưƳƵƽǂƾƼ. — ƗƴǀưƲǁǂƲǃƹǂƵ, — ǁƺưƷưƻ Ǐ. — ƚưƺ ƶƸƲƵǂƵ-ƼƾƶƵǂƵ? (ƞƱljƸǂƵƻnjƽƾǁǂnj Ƹ ǁƲƵǂǁƺƾǁǂnj ƿƾ ơƵǀƵƶƵ ƗƵƻnjdžƵǀǃ.) — ƝƸLJƵƳƾ, — ǁƺưƷưƻ Ƽƾƻƾƴƾƹ ƳƾǁƿƾƴƸƽ. — ƒNj ƽưLj ƽƾƲNjƹ ǁƻǃƶưljƸƹ? ƞƳƾ! ƞLJƵƽnj ǀưƴ! ƜNj ƴǀǃƶƵǁƺƸ ǀưƷƳƾƲƾǀƸƻƸǁnj Ƹ ƴưƶƵ ƽƵ ƷưƼƵǂƸƻƸ, ƺưƺ Ʋ ƺƾƽǂƾǀǃ ƲƾLjƵƻ LJƵƻƾƲƵƺ ǁǀƵƴƽƸDž ƻƵǂ, ǁDžƲưǂƸƲLjƸƹ ƼƾƻƾƴƾƳƾ ƳƾǁƿƾƴƸƽư Ʒư ƿƻƵLJƾ Ƹ ǀƵƷƺƾ ƺǀƸƺƽǃƲLjƸƹ Ʋƾ ƲǁƵ Ƴƾǀƻƾ: — Ƣưƺ-ǂƾ ƲNj, ƴnjǏƲƾƻnjǁƺƸƹ ƴưǀƼƾƵƴ, ƷưƳƾǂƾƲƻǏƵǂƵ ǀƵƵǁǂǀư? ƒNjƳƾƽǎ Ǐ Ʋưǁ, ƵǁƻƸ ƱǃƴƵǂƵ ƻƾƴNjǀƽƸLJưǂnj! ƓƾǁƿƾƴƸƽ, ƿǀƸƽǏǂNjƹ Ƽƽƾǎ Ʒư ƳƻưƲƽƾƳƾ ưƳƵƽǂư, ƿƾƱƻƵƴƽƵƻ, ƾƿǃǁǂƸƻ ƿƵLJưƻnjƽƾ ƳƾƻƾƲǃ Ƹ ƿƾƱǀƵƻ Ʒư ǁƲƾƹ ǁǂƾƻ. Ɛ ƳƻưƲƽNjƹ ưƳƵƽǂ ƾƿǃǁǂƸƻǁǏ Ʋ ƺǀƵǁƻƾ, ƾǂƺƸƽǃƻǁǏ ƽư ǁƿƸƽƺǃ Ƹ ǁǂưƻ ƿǀƸƲưǂƽƾ ǀưǁǁƿǀưLjƸƲưǂnj ƼƵƽǏ ƾ ƼƾƸDž ǂưƻưƽǂưDž Ƹ ǁƿƾǁƾƱƽƾǁǂǏDž. 9


А РК А Д ИЙ А ВЕРЧЕНКО

«Ɣǃǀưƺ Ǐ, — ƴǃƼưƻ Ǐ ƿǀƾ ǁƵƱǏ. — ƚưƺ Ǐ ƼƾƳ ƽƵ ǀưƷƾƱǀưǂnj ǀưƽnjLjƵ, LJǂƾ Ʒư ƿǂƸdžNj ƼƾƸ ƿǀƵƴNjƴǃljƸƵ ǁƾƱƵǁƵƴƽƸƺƸ? ƒƾǂ Ǎǂƾǂ ƽưLJưƻnjƽƸƺ — ǂưƺ ƽưLJưƻnjƽƸƺ! ơǀưƷǃ ǃƶ ƲƸƴƽƾ!» ƒ Ǎǂƾ ƲǀƵƼǏ Ʋ ƿƵǀƵƴƽƵƹ ƿƾǁƻNjLjưƻưǁnj ƲƾƷƽǏ. — ƟƾǁƼƾǂǀƸǂƵ, ƺǂƾ ǂưƼ? — ƿƾƿǀƾǁƸƻ ƼƵƽǏ ƳƻưƲƽNjƹ ưƳƵƽǂ. Ư ƲNjƳƻǏƽǃƻ Ʋ ƿƵǀƵƴƽǎǎ Ƹ ǃǁƿƾƺƾƸǂƵƻnjƽƾ ǁƾƾƱljƸƻ: — ƚưƺƾƹ-ǂƾ ƿƻǎƳưƲNjƹ ǁǂưǀƸLJƸLjƺư ǁǂǏƳƸƲưƵǂ ƿưƻnjǂƾ. ƟƻǎƳưƲNjƹ ǁǂưǀƸLJƸLjƺư ƲƾLjƵƻ Ƹ ƷưƺǀƸLJưƻ: — ƔƵǁǏǂNjƹ LJưǁ, ư ƽƸƺǂƾ ƸƷ Ʋưǁ ƽƸ LJƵǀǂư ƽƵ ƴƵƻưƵǂ!! ƑǃƴƵǂ ƻƸ ƺƾƳƴư-ƽƸƱǃƴnj ǍǂƾƼǃ ƺƾƽƵdž?! ƟǀƵƴNjƴǃljƸƹ ƲưƶƽNjƹ ƽưLJưƻnjƽƸƺ ƿƾƴǁƺƾLJƸƻ Ʋ ƺǀƵǁƻƵ ƺưƺ ƼǏLJ, ư Ƽƾƻƾƴƾƹ ƳƾǁƿƾƴƸƽ, ƽưƷƲưƽƽNjƹ ƸƼ ƴƾ ǂƾƳƾ «ƻƾƴNjǀƵƼ», ƿǀƵƴǃƿǀƵƴƸǂƵƻnjƽƾ ǁƾƾƱljƸƻ ƼƽƵ ƽư ǃDžƾ: — ƓƻưƲƽNjƹ ưƳƵƽǂ ƿǀƸǂưljƸƻǁǏ. Ƣưƺ Ǐ ƽưLJưƻ ǁƲƾǎ ǁƻǃƶƱǃ. * * * ƟǀƾǁƻǃƶƸƻ Ǐ Ƴƾƴ, ƲǁƵ ƲǀƵƼǏ ǁưƼNjƼ ƿƾǁǂNjƴƽNjƼ ƾƱǀưƷƾƼ ƿƻƵǂǏǁnj Ʋ DžƲƾǁǂƵ ơƵǀƵƶƸ ƗƵƻnjdžƵǀư. ƭǂƾǂ ǎƽƾLjư ƿƾƻǃLJưƻ 25 ǀǃƱƻƵƹ Ʋ ƼƵǁǏdž, ƺƾƳƴư Ǐ ƿƾƻǃLJưƻ 15, ư ƺƾƳƴư Ƹ Ǐ ƴƾǁƻǃƶƸƻǁǏ ƴƾ 25 ǀǃƱƻƵƹ, — ƵƼǃ ƴưƻƸ 40. ƝƵƽưƲƸƴƵƻ Ǐ ƵƳƾ, ƺưƺ ƺưƺƾƳƾ-ǂƾ ƾǂƲǀưǂƸǂƵƻnjƽƾƳƾ, ƲNjƼNjǂƾƳƾ ƴǃLjƸǁǂNjƼ ƼNjƻƾƼ ƿưǃƺư... ƨƵǁǂƽưƴdžưǂƸ ƻƵǂ Ǐ ǀưǁǁǂưƻǁǏ ǁƾ ǁƲƾƵƹ ǁƾƽƽƾƹ ǂǀưƽǁƿƾǀǂƽƾƹ ƺƾƽǂƾǀƾƹ Ƹ ǃƵDžưƻ ƸƷ ơƵƲưǁǂƾƿƾƻǏ (ƷưƱNjƻ ǁƺưƷưǂnj — Ǎǂƾ ƼƾǏ ǀƾƴƸƽư) ƽư ƺưƺƸƵ-ǂƾ ƺưƼƵƽƽƾǃƳƾƻnjƽNjƵ ǀǃƴƽƸƺƸ. ƭǂƾ ƼƵǁǂƾ ƱNjƻƾ ƽưƸƼƵƽƵƵ ƴƻǏ ƼƵƽǏ ƿƾƴDžƾƴǏljƸƼ, Ƹ ƿƾǂƾƼǃ, ƲƵǀƾǏǂƽƾ, Ǐ Ƹ ƾLJǃǂƸƻǁǏ ǂưƼ ƿƾ ǁƾƲƵǂǃ ǁƲƾƵƳƾ ƾƿNjǂƽƾƳƾ Ʋ ƶƸǂƵƹǁƺƸDž ƿƵǀƵƴǀǏƳưDž ƾǂdžư... 10


К У БА РЕМ ПО ЗА Г РА НИЦ А М

ƭǂƾ ƱNjƻ ǁưƼNjƹ ƳǀǏƷƽNjƹ Ƹ ƳƻǃDžƾƹ ǀǃƴƽƸƺ Ʋ ǁƲƵǂƵ. ƜƵƶƴǃ ƾǁƵƽnjǎ Ƹ ƴǀǃƳƸƼƸ ƲǀƵƼƵƽưƼƸ Ƴƾƴư ǀưƷƽƸdžư ƷưƺƻǎLJưƻưǁnj ƻƸLjnj Ʋ ǂƾƼ, LJǂƾ ƾǁƵƽnjǎ ƳǀǏƷnj ƱNjƻư ǂưƼ ƲNjLjƵ ƺƾƻƵƽ, ư Ʋ ƴǀǃƳƾƵ ƲǀƵƼǏ — ƽƸƶƵ. Ƙ ƲǁƵ ƾƱƸǂưǂƵƻƸ ǍǂƾƳƾ ƼƵǁǂư ƿƸƻƸ ƺưƺ ǁưƿƾƶƽƸƺƸ, Ƹ Ǐ ƿƸƻ ƽƵ DžǃƶƵ ƴǀǃƳƸDž. ƝưǁƵƻƵƽƸƵ ƱNjƻƾ ǂưƺƾƵ ƽƵƱƾƻnjLjƾƵ, LJǂƾ ƾƴƽƾ ƻƸdžƾ ƸƼƵƻƾ džƵƻǃǎ ǃƹƼǃ ƴƾƻƶƽƾǁǂƵƹ Ƹ ƷưƽǏǂƸƹ. ƟƾƲưǀ ƚǃƷnjƼư ƱNjƻ Ʋ ǂƾ ƶƵ ƲǀƵƼǏ Ƹ ƿƾƴǀǏƴLJƸƺƾƼ Ƹ ƿƾƿƵLJƸǂƵƻƵƼ ǀǃƴƽƸLJƽƾƹ LjƺƾƻNj, DŽƵƻnjƴLjƵǀ ƱNjƻ ưƺǃLjƵǀƺƾƹ, ư ƺƾƳƴư Ǐ ƲƿƵǀƲNjƵ ƿǀƸLjƵƻ ƺ ƸƷƲƵǁǂƽƵƹLjƵƼǃ Ʋ ǂƵDž ƺǀưǏDž ƿưǀƸƺƼưDžƵǀǃ, ƶƵƽư ƵƳƾ ƿǀƾǁƸƻư ƼƵƽǏ ƽƵƼƽƾƳƾ ƾƱƾƶƴưǂnj, ǂưƺ ƺưƺ ǁǃƿǀǃƳ ƵƵ ƿƾLjƵƻ ƲǁǂưƲƻǏǂnj ƺƾƼǃ-ǂƾ ǁǂƵƺƻư, ƲNjƱƸǂNjƵ LjưDžǂƵǀưƼƸ Ʋ ƿǀƾLjƻǃǎ ƽƾLJnj. ƭǂƸ LjưDžǂƵǀNj (ǃƳƻƵƺƾƿNj) ƺưƷưƻƸǁnj ƼƽƵ ǂƾƶƵ ƿǀƵǁǂǀưƽƽNjƼ ƽưǀƾƴƾƼ: ƱǃƴǃLJƸ, ƱƾƻnjLjƵƹ LJưǁǂnjǎ, ƱƵƳƻNjƼƸ ǁ ƺưǂƾǀƳƸ, ƿưǁƿƾǀǂƾƲ ƾƽƸ ƽƵ ƸƼƵƻƸ, Ƹ ƾǂǁǃǂǁǂƲƸƵ Ǎǂƾƹ ƽƵƿǀƵƼƵƽƽƾƹ ƿǀƸƽưƴƻƵƶƽƾǁǂƸ ǀƾǁǁƸƹǁƺƾƳƾ ƳǀưƶƴưƽƸƽư ƷưƻƸƲưƻƸ ǁ ƳƾǀƵǁǂƽNjƼ ƲƸƴƾƼ Ƹ ƾǂLJưǏƽƸƵƼ Ʋ ƴǃLjƵ — džƵƻNjƼ ƼƾǀƵƼ ƲƾƴƺƸ. ƒǁǏ ƸDž ƶƸƷƽnj ƸƼƵƻư ǂưƺƾƹ ƲƸƴ, LJǂƾ ǀƾƶƴưƻƸǁnj ƾƽƸ ƴƻǏ ƲƾƴƺƸ, ǀưƱƾǂưƻƸ Ƹ ƳǃƱƸƻƸ ǁƲƾƵ ƷƴƾǀƾƲnjƵ ƽƵƿƾǁƸƻnjƽƾƹ ǀưƱƾǂƾƹ — ǀưƴƸ ƲƾƴƺƸ Ƹ ƾǂƿǀưƲƻǏƻƸǁnj ƽư ǂƾǂ ǁƲƵǂ ƿǀƸ ƱƻƸƶưƹLjƵƼ ǃLJưǁǂƸƸ Ƹ ƿƾƼƾljƸ ǂƾƹ ƶƵ ƲƾƴƺƸ. ƞƴƽưƶƴNj ƵDžưƻ Ǐ ƿƵǀƵƴ ƠƾƶƴƵǁǂƲƾƼ ǁ ǀǃƴƽƸƺư Ʋ ƱƻƸƶưƹLjƵƵ ǁƵƻƾ Ƹ ƲƸƴƵƻ ǀǏƴ LJƵǀƽNjDž ǂƵƻ, ƻƵƶưƲLjƸDž ƱƵƷ ƴƲƸƶƵƽƸǏ ƽư ƲǁƵƼ ƿǀƾǂǏƶƵƽƸƸ ƼƾƵƳƾ ƿǃǂƸ; ƿƾƿưƴưƻƸǁnj ƿƾ ƴƲƾƵ, ƿƾ ǂǀƾƵ LJƵǀƵƷ ƺưƶƴNjƵ ƴƲưƴdžưǂnj LjưƳƾƲ. — Ƨǂƾ Ǎǂƾ ǂưƺƾƵ? — ƸƷǃƼƸƻǁǏ Ǐ... — Ɛ LjưDžǂƵǀNj, — ǃƻNjƱƽǃƻǁǏ ǁƾLJǃƲǁǂƲƵƽƽƾ ƲƾƷƽƸdžư. — ƓƾǀƸƻƺǃ ƺǃƿƾƲưƻNj ǃ ǁƵƻƵ. ƔƻǏ ƱƾƶnjƵƳƾ ƿǀưƷƴƽƸLJƺǃ. — Ɲǃ? 11


А РК А Д ИЙ А ВЕРЧЕНКО

— Ƣưƹ ƽƵ ƴƾƽƵǁƻƸ. Ɲư ƼƸǁǂƸ ƲNjǁƼƾƺǂưƻƸ. ƞǁnj ƺưƺ! Ƣưƺ ƼNj Ƹ ƵDžưƻƸ ƼƸƼƾ džƵƻNjDž ƷưƻƵƶƵƹ ƼƵǀǂƲƵdžƺƸ ƿnjǏƽNjDž ƻǎƴƵƹ, ƺƾǂƾǀNjƵ ƾƱƻưƴưƻƸ, ƾLJƵƲƸƴƽƾ, ƽưǁǂƾƻnjƺƾ ǁƻưƱƾƹ ƲƾƻƵƹ, LJǂƾ ƽƵ ǃǁƿƵƲưƻƸ ƴưƶƵ ƴƾƱƵƶưǂnj ƴƾ ƴƾƼǃ, ǁƴưƲưǏǁnj ƾDžƲưǂƸƲLjƵƹ ƸDž ƳƻƾǂƺƸ ƿưƻǏljƵƹ ƶưƶƴƵ ǂưƼ, ƳƴƵ Ǎǂư ƶưƶƴư ƸDž ƷưǁǂƸƳưƻư. Ƙ ƻƵƶưƻƸ ƾƽƸ Ʋ ǁƽƵƳǃ, ǁ LJƵǀƽNjƼƸ ƱƵǁǁƼNjǁƻƵƽƽNjƼƸ ƻƸdžưƼƸ, Ƹ ƵǁƻƸ ƱNj Ǐ ƽƵ Ʒƽưƻ ƴƾǀƾƳƸ ƴƾ ǁƵƻư, ǂƾ ƽưLjƵƻ ƱNj ƵƵ ƿƾ ǍǂƸƼ ƳƸƳưƽǂǁƺƸƼ LJƵǀƽNjƼ ƺưƼƽǏƼ, ǀưƷƱǀƾǁưƽƽNjƼ ƳƸƳưƽǂǁƺƸƼ ƼưƻnjLJƸƺƾƼ-ǁ-ƿưƻnjLJƸƺ ƽư ƲǁƵƼ ƿǃǂƸ. Ɲưǀƾƴ Ǎǂƾ ƱNjƻ, ƾƴƽưƺƾ, ƿƾ ƱƾƻnjLjƵƹ LJưǁǂƸ ƺǀƵƿƺƸƹ, ƷưƺưƻƵƽƽNjƹ, Ƹ ǁưƼNjƵ LJǃƴƾƲƸljƽNjƵ ǍƺǁƿƵǀƸƼƵƽǂNj ƽưƴ ǁƲƾƸƼ ǂƵƻƾƼ ƾƱDžƾƴƸƻƸǁnj ƵƼǃ ǁǀưƲƽƸǂƵƻnjƽƾ ƴƵLjƵƲƾ. ƟǀƾƻưƼNjƲưƻƸ ƴǀǃƳ ƴǀǃƳǃ ƳƾƻƾƲNj, ǃƽƸLJǂƾƶưƻƸ ƽưLJƸǁǂƾ ƽƾǁNj Ƹ ǃLjƸ, ư ƾƴƸƽ ǁƼƵƻnjLJưƺ ƴưƶƵ ƲƷǏƻǁǏ ƾƴƽưƶƴNj ƽư ƷưƼưƽLJƸƲƾƵ ƿưǀƸ (ƱƵƷ ǁƾƼƽƵƽƸǏ — ƱǃǂNjƻƺư ƲƾƴƺƸ) ǁNJƵǁǂnj ƴƸƽưƼƸǂƽNjƹ ƿưǂǀƾƽ. ƟǀƾƴƵƻưƲ Ǎǂƾ, ƾƽ Ʋ ǂƵLJƵƽƸƵ ƴƲǃDž-ǂǀƵDž ƴƽƵƹ, ƽƵǁƼƾǂǀǏ ƽư ǁƸƻnjƽǃǎ ǀƲƾǂǃ, ƿƾƻnjƷƾƲưƻǁǏ ǁưƼNjƼ ƱƵǀƵƶƻƸƲNjƼ Ƹ ƷưƱƾǂƻƸƲNjƼ ƲƽƸƼưƽƸƵƼ ǁƾ ǁǂƾǀƾƽNj ǂƾƲưǀƸljƵƹ, ƺƾǂƾǀNjƵ ƲǁƵ ƱƾǏƻƸǁnj, LJǂƾ ƾƽ ƲƷƾǀƲƵǂǁǏ. Ɵƾ ƼƸƽƾƲưƽƸƸ ƶƵ ǍǂƾƳƾ ǁǂǀưƽƽƾƳƾ ƺưǀưƽǂƸƽư — ƱNjƻ ƾƽ ƶƵǁǂƾƺƾ ƸƷƱƸǂ. ơƻǃƶưljƸƵ ƺƾƽǂƾǀNj ƾǂƻƸLJưƻƸǁnj ƾǂ ǀưƱƾLJƸDž ǂƵƼ, LJǂƾ ƼƵƽnjLjƵ ƴǀưƻƸǁnj Ƹ ƱƾƻnjLjƵ ƿƸƻƸ. ƒǁƵ Ǎǂƾ ƱNjƻƸ ƻǎƴƸ, ƿƾ ƱƾƻnjLjƵƹ LJưǁǂƸ ƾǂƲƵǀƳƽǃǂNjƵ ƲǁƵƼ ƾǁǂưƻnjƽNjƼ ǁƲƵǂƾƼ Ʒư ƱƵƷƴưǀƽƾǁǂnj Ƹ ƽƵǁƿƾǁƾƱƽƾǁǂnj ƺ ƶƸƷƽƸ, Ƹ, ǂưƺƸƼ ƾƱǀưƷƾƼ, ƽư ƽưLjƵƼ ƼưƻƵƽnjƺƾƼ, ƾƺǀǃƶƵƽƽƾƼ ƽƵƸƷƼƵǀƸƼNjƼƸ ǁǂƵƿǏƼƸ ƾǁǂǀƾƲƺƵ ǁƾƱǀưƻưǁnj ǁưƼưǏ LJǃƴƾƲƸljƽưǏ ƺƾƼƿưƽƸǏ ƳƻǃƿNjDž, ƳǀǏƷƽNjDž Ƹ ƱƵƷƴưǀƽNjDž ưƻƺƾƳƾƻƸƺƾƲ, ƾǂƱǀƾǁƾƲ Ƹ ƾƱƳǀNjƷƺƾƲ ƱǀƵƷƳƻƸƲƾƳƾ ƱƵƻƾƳƾ ǁƲƵǂư. ƗưƽƵǁƵƽƽNjƵ ǁǎƴư ƳƸƳưƽǂǁƺƾƹ ƼƵǂƻƾƹ ƑƾƶnjƵƳƾ ƿǀƾƸƷƲƾƻƵƽƸǏ, ƲǁƵ ƾƽƸ ƼưDžƽǃƻƸ ǀǃƺƾƹ ƽư ƲƽƵLjƽƸƹ ƼƸǀ 12


К У БА РЕМ ПО ЗА Г РА НИЦ А М

Ƹ ǁǂưƻƸ ƶƸǂnj ƺưƺ ƱƾƳ ƽư ƴǃLjǃ ƿƾƻƾƶƸǂ. ƟƸƻƸ, ƸƳǀưƻƸ Ʋ ƺưǀǂNj, ǀǃƳưƻƸǁnj ƿǀƵƶƵǁǂƾƺƸƼƸ ƾǂLJưǏƽƽNjƼƸ ǁƻƾƲưƼƸ Ƹ Ʋƾ DžƼƵƻǎ ƿƵƻƸ LJǂƾ-ǂƾ ƽưǁǂƾƹLJƸƲƾƵ, ǂǏƳǃLJƵƵ Ƹ ǂưƽdžƵƲưƻƸ ǃƳǀǎƼƾ-ǁƾǁǀƵƴƾǂƾLJƵƽƽƾ, ƻƾƼưǏ ƺưƱƻǃƺưƼƸ ƿƾƻNj Ƹ ƸƷƲƵǀƳưǏ ƸƷ ƾǁƻưƱƵƲLjƸDž ǃǁǂ džƵƻNjƵ ƿƾǂƾƺƸ DžǃƻNj ƽư LJƵƻƾƲƵLJƵǁǂƲƾ. ƒ ǍǂƾƼ Ƹ ǁƾǁǂƾǏƻư ƲƵǁƵƻưǏ ǁǂƾǀƾƽư ǀǃƴƽƸLJƽƾƹ ƶƸƷƽƸ. ƢƵƼƽNjƵ ƵƵ ǁǂƾǀƾƽNj ƷưƺƻǎLJưƻƸǁnj Ʋ ƺưǂƾǀƶƽƾƹ ǀưƱƾǂƵ, LjưƳưƽƸƸ ƿƾ ƳƻǃƱƾLJưƹLjƵƹ ƳǀǏƷƸ ƸƷ ƺƾƽǂƾǀNj Ʋ ƺƾƻƾƽƸǎ Ƹ ƾƱǀưǂƽƾ, ư ǂưƺƶƵ Ʋ ƾǂǁƸƶƸƲưƽƸƸ Ʋ ƺƾǀƴƵƳưǀƴƸƸ ƿƾ džƵƻƾƼǃ ǀǏƴǃ ƴƸƺƾƲƸƽƽNjDž ƿǀƾǂƾƺƾƻƾƲ, ǁƾǁǂưƲƻƵƽƽNjDž ƿnjǏƽNjƼ ǃǀǏƴƽƸƺƾƼ. * * * ƚƾƳƴư ƿǀưƲƻƵƽƸƵ ǀǃƴƽƸƺƾƲ ƱNjƻƾ ƿƵǀƵƲƵƴƵƽƾ Ʋ ƥưǀnjƺƾƲ, ǂǃƴư ƶƵ ƷưƱǀưƻƸ Ƹ ƼƵƽǏ, Ƹ Ǐ ƾƶƸƻ ƴǃLjƾƹ Ƹ ƾƺǀƵƿ ǂƵƻƾƼ... Ɵƾ džƵƻNjƼ ƴƽǏƼ ƱǀƾƴƸƻ Ǐ ƿƾ Ƴƾǀƾƴǃ, ǁƴƲƸƽǃƲ LjƻǏƿǃ ƽưƱƵƺǀƵƽnj Ƹ ƽƵƷưƲƸǁƸƼƾ ƽưǁƲƸǁǂNjƲưǏ ǁưƼNjƵ ƷưƻƸDžƲưǂǁƺƸƵ ƼƾǂƸƲNj, ƿƾƴǁƻǃLjưƽƽNjƵ Ƽƽƾǎ Ʋ ƻƵǂƽƸDž LjưƽǂưƽưDž — ƼƵǁǂƵ, ƺƾǂƾǀƾƵ ƲƾǁDžƸljưƻƾ ƼƵƽǏ ǁƽưLJưƻư ƴƾ ƳƻǃƱƸƽNj ƴǃLjƸ. ƠưƱƾǂưƻ Ǐ Ʋ ƺƾƽǂƾǀƵ ƿǀƵƾǂƲǀưǂƸǂƵƻnjƽƾ Ƹ ƴƾ ǁƸDž ƿƾǀ ƽƵƴƾǃƼƵƲưǎ: Ʒư LJǂƾ ƴƵǀƶưƻƸ ƼƵƽǏ ǂưƼ LjƵǁǂnj ƻƵǂ, ƻƵƽƸƲƾƳƾ, ǁƼƾǂǀƵƲLjƵƳƾ ƽư ǀưƱƾǂǃ ǁ ƾǂƲǀưljƵƽƸƵƼ Ƹ ƿƾ ƺưƶƴƾƼǃ ƿƾƲƾƴǃ ƲǁǂǃƿưƲLjƵƳƾ ƽƵ ǂƾƻnjƺƾ ǁ ƱǃDžƳưƻǂƵǀƾƼ, ƽƾ Ƹ ǁ ƴƸǀƵƺǂƾǀƾƼ Ʋ ƴƻƸƽƽNjƵ, ƾƶƵǁǂƾLJƵƽƽNjƵ ǁƿƾǀNj Ƹ ƿƾƻƵƼƸƺǃ. ƒƵǀƾǏǂƽƾ, ƿƾǂƾƼǃ, LJǂƾ ƱNjƻ Ǐ ƿǀƵƲƵǁƵƻNjƼ, ǀưƴƾǁǂƽƾ ƳƻǏƴǏljƸƼ ƽư LjƸǀƾƺƸƹ ƑƾƶƸƹ ƼƸǀ LJƵƻƾƲƵƺƾƼ, ǁ ƳƾǂƾƲƽƾǁǂnjǎ ƾǂƺƻưƴNjƲưƲLjƸƼ ǀưƱƾǂǃ ƴƻǏ ǁƼƵDžư, Ljǃǂƾƺ Ƹ ǀǏƴư ƷưƼNjǁƻƾƲưǂNjDž ưƽƵƺƴƾǂƾƲ, LJǂƾ ƾǁƲƵƶưƻƾ ƾƺǀǃƶưǎljƸDž, ƿƾƳǀǏƷLjƸDž Ʋ ǀưƱƾǂƵ, ǁƺǃLJƽNjDž ǁLJƵǂưDž Ƹ ƴǀǏƷƳưDž. 13


А РК А Д ИЙ А ВЕРЧЕНКО

* * * ƛƸǂƵǀưǂǃǀƽưǏ ƼƾǏ ƴƵǏǂƵƻnjƽƾǁǂnj ƱNjƻư ƽưLJưǂư Ʋ 19041 Ƴƾƴǃ, Ƹ ƱNjƻư ƾƽư, ƺưƺ ƼƽƵ ƺưƷưƻƾǁnj, ǁƿƻƾLjƽNjƼ ǂǀƸǃƼDŽƾƼ. ƒƾ-ƿƵǀƲNjDž, Ǐ ƽưƿƸǁưƻ ǀưǁǁƺưƷ... ƒƾ-ƲǂƾǀNjDž, Ǐ ƾǂƽƵǁ ƵƳƾ Ʋ «ƮƶƽNjƹ ƺǀưƹ». Ƙ Ʋ-ǂǀƵǂnjƸDž (ƴƾ ǁƸDž ƿƾǀ Ǐ ǂƾƳƾ ƼƽƵƽƸǏ, LJǂƾ Ʋ ǀưǁǁƺưƷƵ Ǎǂƾ ǁưƼƾƵ ƳƻưƲƽƾƵ), Ʋ-ǂǀƵǂnjƸDž, ƾƽ ƱNjƻ ƽưƿƵLJưǂưƽ! Ɠƾƽƾǀưǀ Ǐ Ʒư ƽƵƳƾ ƿƾLJƵƼǃ-ǂƾ ƽƵ ƿƾƻǃLJƸƻ, Ƹ Ǎǂƾ ǂƵƼ ƱƾƻƵƵ ƽƵǁƿǀưƲƵƴƻƸƲƾ, LJǂƾ ƵƴƲư ƾƽ ƲNjLjƵƻ Ʋ ǁƲƵǂ, ƺưƺ ƿƾƴƿƸǁƺư Ƹ ǀƾƷƽƸdžư ƳưƷƵǂNj ǁƵƹLJưǁ ƶƵ ǃƴƲƾƸƻưǁnj... ƢƵ ƶƵ ǁưƼNjƵ ƷưƲƸǁǂƻƸƲNjƵ, ƷƻNjƵ ǏƷNjƺƸ, ƺƾǂƾǀNjƵ ƿNjǂưƻƸǁnj ǁƲǏƷưǂnj ƴƵƽnj ƼƾƵƳƾ ǀƾƶƴƵƽƸǏ ǁ ƺưƺƸƼ-ǂƾ ƵljƵ ƴǀǃƳƸƼ ƿǀưƷƴƽƸƺƾƼ, ǁƲǏƷưƻƸ Ƹ DŽưƺǂ ƿƾƴƽǏǂƸǏ ǀƾƷƽƸdžNj ǁ ƽưLJưƻƾƼ ǀǃǁǁƺƾ-Ǐƿƾƽǁƺƾƹ ƲƾƹƽNj. Ɲǃ, ƴư ƼNj-ǂƾ, LJƸǂưǂƵƻnj, ƷƽưƵƼ ǁ ƲưƼƸ, ƳƴƵ ƸǁǂƸƽư... ƝưƿƸǁưƲ Ʒư ƴƲư Ƴƾƴư LJƵǂNjǀƵ ǀưǁǁƺưƷư, Ǐ ǀƵLjƸƻ, LJǂƾ ƿƾǀưƱƾǂưƻ ƴƾǁǂưǂƾLJƽƾ ƽư ƿƾƻnjƷǃ ǀƾƴƽƾƹ ƻƸǂƵǀưǂǃǀNj, Ƹ ǀƵLjƸƻ ƾǁƽƾƲưǂƵƻnjƽƾ ƾǂƴƾDžƽǃǂnj, ƽƾ ƿƾƴƺưǂƸƻǁǏ 1905 Ƴƾƴ Ƹ, ƿƾƴDžƲưǂƸƲ ƼƵƽǏ, ƷưƺǀǃǂƸƻ ƺưƺ ljƵƿƺǃ. Ư ǁǂưƻ ǀƵƴưƺǂƸǀƾƲưǂnj ƶǃǀƽưƻ «ƨǂNjƺ», ƸƼƵƲLjƸƹ Ʋ ƥưǀnjƺƾƲƵ ƱƾƻnjLjƾƹ ǃǁƿƵDž, Ƹ ǁƾƲƵǀLjƵƽƽƾ ƷưƱǀƾǁƸƻ ǁƻǃƶƱǃ... ƛƸDžƾǀưƴƾLJƽƾ ƿƸǁưƻ Ǐ, ǀƸǁƾƲưƻ ƺưǀƸƺưǂǃǀNj, ǀƵƴưƺǂƸǀƾƲưƻ Ƹ ƺƾǀǀƵƺǂƸǀƾƲưƻ, Ƹ ƽư ƴƵƲǏǂƾƼ ƽƾƼƵǀƵ ƴƾǀƸǁƾƲưƻǁǏ ƴƾ ǂƾƳƾ, LJǂƾ ƳƵƽƵǀưƻ-ƳǃƱƵǀƽưǂƾǀ ƟƵLjƺƾƲ ƾLjǂǀưDŽƾƲưƻ ƼƵƽǏ ƽư 500 ǀǃƱƻƵƹ, ƼƵLJǂưǏ, LJǂƾ ƽƵƼƵƴƻƵƽƽƾ ƷưƿƻưLJǃ ƸDž ƸƷ ƺưǀƼưƽƽNjDž ƴƵƽƵƳ. Ư ƾǂƺưƷưƻǁǏ ƿƾ ƼƽƾƳƸƼ ƿǀƸLJƸƽưƼ, ƳƻưƲƽNjƵ ƸƷ ƺƾǂƾǀNjDž ƱNjƻƸ: ƾǂǁǃǂǁǂƲƸƵ ƴƵƽƵƳ Ƹ ƽƵƶƵƻưƽƸƵ ƿƾǂƲƾǀǁǂƲƾƲưǂnj ƺưƿǀƸƷưƼ ƻƵƳƺƾƼNjǁƻƵƽƽƾƳƾ ưƴƼƸƽƸǁǂǀưǂƾǀư. 1 ƒ «ƐƲǂƾƱƸƾƳǀưDŽƸƸ», ƿǀƵƴƿƾǁƻưƽƽƾƹ ǁƱƾǀƽƸƺǃ «ƒƵǁƵƻNjƵ ǃǁǂǀƸdžNj» (1910), ƿƵǀƲƾƵ ƲNjǁǂǃƿƻƵƽƸƵ ƐƲƵǀLJƵƽƺƾ Ʋ ƿƵLJưǂƸ ƾLjƸƱƾLJƽƾ ƴưǂƸǀǃƵǂǁǏ 1905 ƳƾƴƾƼ. ƒ 24-Ƽ ƸƷƴưƽƸƸ ǁƱƾǀƽƸƺư, ƿƾ ƺƾǂƾǀƾƼǃ ƲƾǁƿǀƾƸƷƲƾƴƸǂǁǏ ǂƵƺǁǂ, ǁưƼ ưƲǂƾǀ ƸǁƿǀưƲƻǏƵǂ ƴưǂǃ ƽư 1904 Ƴƾƴ. ƒ ƴƵƹǁǂƲƸǂƵƻnjƽƾǁǂƸ ƶƵ, ƺưƺ Ǎǂƾ ǏƲǁǂƲǃƵǂ ƸƷ ƴưƻnjƽƵƹLjƵƳƾ ǂƵƺǁǂư Ƹ ƿƾƴǂƲƵǀƶƴưƵǂǁǏ ǀưƷNjǁƺưƽƸǏƼƸ ƞ. ƜƸDžưƹƻƾƲư, ƽưƸƱƾƻƵƵ ƲƵǀƾǏǂƵƽ 1903 Ƴƾƴ.

14


К У БА РЕМ ПО ЗА Г РА НИЦ А М

ƣƲƸƴƵƲ Ƽƾǎ ƽƵƿƾƺƾƻƵƱƸƼƾǁǂnj (LjǂǀưDŽ ƱNjƻ ƱƵƷ ƷưƼƵƽNj ǂǎǀƵƼƽNjƼ ƷưƺƻǎLJƵƽƸƵƼ), ƟƵLjƺƾƲ ǁƿǃǁǂƸƻ džƵƽǃ ƴƾ 100 ǀǃƱƻƵƹ. Ư ƾǂƺưƷưƻǁǏ. ƜNj ǂƾǀƳƾƲưƻƸǁnj, ƺưƺ ƼưƺƻưƺƸ, Ƹ Ǐ ǏƲƻǏƻǁǏ ƺ ƽƵƼǃ LJǃǂnj ƽƵ ƴƵǁǏǂnj ǀưƷ. ƔƵƽƵƳ ƵƼǃ ǂưƺ Ƹ ƽƵ ǃƴưƻƾǁnj ƲNjƶưǂnj ƸƷ ƼƵƽǏ! ƢƾƳƴư ƾƽ, ƾƱƸƴƵƲLjƸǁnj, ǁƺưƷưƻ: — ƞƴƸƽ ƸƷ ƽưǁ ƴƾƻƶƵƽ ǃƵDžưǂnj ƸƷ ƥưǀnjƺƾƲư! — ƒưLjƵ ƿǀƵƲƾǁDžƾƴƸǂƵƻnjǁǂƲƾ! — ƲƾƷǀưƷƸƻ Ǐ. — ƔưƲưƹǂƵ ƿǀƵƴƻƾƶƸƼ DžưǀnjƺƾƲdžưƼ: ƺƾƳƾ ƾƽƸ ƲNjƱƵǀǃǂ? Ƣưƺ ƺưƺ Ʋ ƳƾǀƾƴƵ ƼƵƽǏ ƻǎƱƸƻƸ Ƹ ƴưƶƵ ƴƾ ƼƵƽǏ ƴƾDžƾƴƸƻƸ ǁƼǃǂƽNjƵ ǁƻǃDžƸ ƾ ƶƵƻưƽƸƸ Ƴǀưƶƴưƽ ǃƲƵƺƾƲƵLJƸǂnj Ƽƾƹ ƾƱǀưƷ ƿƾǁǂưƽƾƲƺƾƹ ƿưƼǏǂƽƸƺư, ǂƾ Ƴ. ƟƵLjƺƾƲ ƽƵ ƷưDžƾǂƵƻ ǀƸǁƺƾƲưǂnj ǁƲƾƵƹ ƿƾƿǃƻǏǀƽƾǁǂnjǎ. Ƙ Ǐ ǃƵDžưƻ, ǃǁƿƵƲ ƲǁƵ-ǂưƺƸ ƴƾ ƾǂNJƵƷƴư ƲNjƿǃǁǂƸǂnj ǂǀƸ ƽƾƼƵǀư ƶǃǀƽưƻư «ƜƵLJ», ƺƾǂƾǀNjƹ ƱNjƻ ǂưƺ ƿƾƿǃƻǏǀƵƽ, LJǂƾ ǍƺƷƵƼƿƻǏǀNj ƵƳƾ Ƽƾƶƽƾ ƽưƹǂƸ ƴưƶƵ Ʋ ƟǃƱƻƸLJƽƾƹ ƱƸƱƻƸƾǂƵƺƵ. * * * ƒ ƟƵǂǀƾƳǀưƴ Ǐ ƿǀƸƵDžưƻ ƺưƺ ǀưƷ ƽư ƝƾƲNjƹ Ƴƾƴ. ƞƿǏǂnj ƱNjƻư ƸƻƻǎƼƸƽưdžƸǏ, ǃƻƸdžNj ƱNjƻƸ ǃƺǀưLjƵƽNj DŽƻưƳưƼƸ, ǂǀưƽǁƿưǀưƽǂưƼƸ Ƹ DŽƾƽưǀƸƺưƼƸ. Ɲƾ Ǐ ǃƶ ƽƸLJƵƳƾ ƽƵ ǁƺưƶǃ! ƟƾƼƾƻLJǃ. Ƙ ǂưƺ ƼƵƽǏ ƸƽƾƳƴư ǃƿǀƵƺưǎǂ, LJǂƾ Ǐ ƴǃƼưǎ ƾ ǁƲƾƸDž ƷưǁƻǃƳưDž ƱƾƻnjLjƵ, LJƵƼ Ǎǂƾ ǂǀƵƱǃƵǂǁǏ ƾƱNjLJƽƾƹ ǁƺǀƾƼƽƾǁǂnjǎ. Ɛ Ǐ — ƼƾƳǃ ƴưǂnj LJƵǁǂƽƾƵ ǁƻƾƲƾ, — ǃƲƸƴƵƲ Ʋǁǎ Ǎǂǃ ƸƻƻǎƼƸƽưdžƸǎ Ƹ ǀưƴƾǁǂnj, ǁƴƵƻưƻ ƲƸƴ, LJǂƾ ǁƾƲƵǀLjƵƽƽƾ ƽƵ ƷưƼƵLJưǎ ƽƵƲƸƽƽƾƹ DžƸǂǀƾǁǂƸ Ƹ ǁƵƽǂƸƼƵƽǂưƻnjƽNjDž, ƿǀƾǁǂƾƴǃLjƽNjDž ƿƾƿNjǂƾƺ ƼǃƽƸdžƸƿưƻƸǂƵǂư ǁƺǀưǁƸǂnj Ƽƾƹ ƿƵǀƲNjƹ ƿǀƸƵƷƴ Ʋ ƱƾƻnjLjƾƹ ƽƵƷƽưƺƾƼNjƹ Ƴƾǀƾƴ... ơƺǀƾƼƽƾ, ƸƽƺƾƳƽƸǂƾ, ǁƵƻ ƽư ƸƷƲƾƷLJƸƺư Ƹ ƸƽƺƾƳƽƸǂƾ ƿƾƵDžưƻ ƽư ƼƵǁǂƾ ǁƲƾƵƹ ƽƾƲƾƹ ƶƸƷƽƸ. Ƙ Ʋƾǂ — ƽưLJưƻ Ǐ ƵƵ. 15

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