Page 1

Student: Uma単a Camacho Carlos

Professor: Madrigal, Monserrath


Topic 1. Information Overload

Personal comment: It is important to be clear today what our goals to be achieved because around us is full of information of all kinds, positive information, negative, misleading, addictive and even double standards.

This lesson taught me that the media of all types have come to give us different points of view but also very few people get the message they emit, direct consumers to the idea that they want without respecting many times the customer's viewpoint

Vocabulary Intake: consumption Weather: time (clim) New Intake: consumer of notices Bias: consideration of an issue from only side, often with a certain prejudice Repetitive: repeating the same over and over Inconsequential: without importance Despair: feeling of depression and sadness Barrage: constant attack, in large amounts Inmobilized: unable to move or act Disengage: lose interest in something Evading: is long of the thing Newsworthy: worthy of the media, s attention Regardless of: no depend Remedy: solutions Plugged into: connect to 2

Raise: up Catch: take something Coverage: space of actuation Get the scoop on: have the exclusive Reason: motive Underlying: basic, fundamental Track down: follow the key As a Whole: as an all Shelter: proteger Provide: proporcionar Flood: inundaci贸n Shift focus: attention in other side Tabloid: newspaper official Release: liberty of tell something Daily: of all days Despair: feeling of depression and sadness

Grammar Passive voice To form the passive, use the correct form of be + past participle. If the agent of the action is known and important, use by + the agent. Examples: Active.


Too much news distracts you from the things you really need to do.

You are distracted from the things you really need to do.

The reporter discussed the upcoming election.

The upcoming election was discussed by the reporter.


Topic 2. The achilles heel

Personal comment: There a phrase that dictates, "wanting is power". This lesson allowed me to meet other fighters persons cases that have not been made obscure by the disability who has taken part in their lives. Cases like Stephen Hawking that even disrespectful to the Catholic Church, but a great example of fighter or Oscar Pistorius cases showed that his Achilles heel was not going to be what everyone thought to represent South Africa. It has been shown with these examples that ordinary people with disability problems have made things almost impossible for the human mind and the constant struggle and desire to reach a goal is what motivates them to excel not only physically but mentally

Vocabulary Collapsed: fell down suddenly Crushed: pressed something so hard it Challenging: that is desafiant Crutches: special sticks used under the arms to help a person walk Eagles: bird symbol of USA In store for: planned for. Judging: sign to somebody Landcape: A view across and area of land Legs: foot Overcome: succeed in controlling a problem Proof: fact or evidence that prove the something is true Peak: the top Proof: the evidence Scars: marks left on skin from a cut or wound Soared / soar (to): flew very high or fast Scattered: with difficult for concentrate 4

Tough: resistant Recognition: knew Really hard to deal with: very difficult of have Give up: abandon (renunciar)

Grammar Gerunds and infinitives Gerunds: To form the gerund, add –ing to the base form of the verb. Some uses as subject of a sentence, ej. Getting to the top of the mountain was a great achiement for the athletes. Use the gerund after a preposition, such as for, in, of and about, ej. Throughout his childhood, Richard thought about walking again. Infinitives: To form the infinitive, use to and the base form of the verb, ej. I�d leap off my bed expecting to soar out of the window.

Some used of the infinitive. Use the infinitive after a be + adjective combination such as easy, difficult, hard, happy, possible, willing and prepared. Ej. It was very hard for the Achilles Track Club to climb Mount Kilimanjaro. Use the infinitive after certain verbs, including agree, decide, expect, hope, learn, manage, need, try and want. Ej. One of the Achilles athletes did not expect to reach the summit and almost turned back several time.


Topic 3. Early to Bed, early to rise

Personal comment: A few years ago I had a very funny but also very serious. I called my boss in the morning telling me to apologize but I was asleep and therefore would be a little late. At that time I was so honest that he told my boss that I was suffering from a disease called Deep Sleep and dream was to have very heavy sleep or not sleep well. At that time my boss just thought it was spoof until one day I had vacation, I called earlier and asked him to see the program of Good Day Channel 7 where they were giving a scientific explanation of my illness. It was only one year after I thought my boss had told him, by that I do not sanctioned in any way a year earlier. With this testimony explained how this lesson is that shocked me. Interestingly coffee at night was part of treatment, this affect me because instead of sleeping, it helps me relax and sleep in comfort.

Vocabulary Rise: Stand up Wake up: Stand up after sleep Nightmares: Fear Durant to sleep Asleep: state in the nigh Snore: Sound asleep If so: if is thus Good Mood: state to stand up Quick: speed Sophomore: student of 2do year Chronically: repetitive, a boost, increase Boost: momentum Eyelids: On the eyes Droop: hang or bend down 6

Take a nap: sleep little Dim: Low, not bright Waves of sleepiness: strong feeling of fatigue, tiredness Blinking: closing and opening the eyes quickly Rubbing: touch the eyes Surge: permanently, constantly Out of sync: on a completely different schedule Schedule: horary, programing Captivating: able to thing clearly If Able: is sure of have something Amused: funny Playful: happy, play with all Shocked: surprised Teenagers: between 12 and 18 year age Lack alertness: without alertness Cranky: maniac Subtle: nice

Grammar Present Unreal Conditional 

It is used to talk about what you would generally do in imaginary, impossible situations.


[If ... Simple Past ..., ... would + verb ...]

[... would + verb ... if ... Simple Past ...]

Examples: 

If I owned a car, I would drive to work. But I don't own a car.

She would travel around the world if she had more money. But she doesn't have much money.

I would read more if I didn't watch so much TV.

Mary would move to Japan if she spoke Japanese.

If they worked harder, they would earn more money.

A: What would you do if you won the lottery? B: I would buy a house.


A: Where would you live if you moved to the U.S.? B: I would live in Seattle Use might or could to describe a possible result.  If people knew more about the dangers of sleep deprivation, they might treat their sleep habits more seriously. To make a question, use question order in the main clause. 

If you were sleep-deprived, would you be able to tell ?

EXCEPTION If I were ... 

In the Present Unreal Conditional, the form "was" is not considered grammatically correct. In written English or in testing situations, you should always use "were." However, in everyday conversation, "was" is often used. Examples:

If he were French, he would live in Paris.

If she were rich, she would buy a yacht.

I would play basketball if I were taller.

I would buy that computer if it were cheaper.

I would buy that computer if it was cheaper. Not Correct (But often said in conversation.)


Topic 4. Animal Intelligence

Personal comment: I enjoyed meeting skills that are different animals than those commonly known one. The large short-term chimp memory, an example are Abigail solidarity with Sara. Also, the ability squirrels to mimic behaviors humans as the Scrub jay. Honestly I think is an exaggeration to say that elephants can paint, this film presented in class was one I liked least was so exaggerated.

Vocabulary Parrot: birth with color similar to rainbow Crow: in Spanish is called Sanate Scrub jay: in Spanish is birth Cardenal Killer whale: in Spanish is a mammal named Orca Deceive: make someone believe something that is not true Spontaneously: in a way that is not planned Intriguing: interesting because it’s unusual or unexpected Vocalize: make a sound with the voice Rote memorization: learned from repeating and not from thinking Figure out: conclude, realize Offspring: son and daughter in plural Behavior: how to live Jealousy: have envy of other Thoughtful: think about a thing Unplanned: not planned Tame: domesticate an animal Research: look into at event Current: today 9

Activity in class All group imitating the sound of animals with “Las mañanita”         

   

Chimp ( because they have a better memory than any other animal ) Dog ( can be taught to understand pointing ) Grey Parrot ( capable of learning hundreds of human words and sounds ) Dolphin ( advanced language comprehension skills, able to understand signed gestures and generalized words e.g. “ball” Gorilla ( his sense are similar to the human sense and they are thought to be able to see in color vision ) Elephant ( due to their large brain and their altruism  principle or practice of unselfish concern for or devotion to the welfare of others ) Rat ( is psychology is similar to humans since they possess a mental ability called metacognition awareness and regulation of the process of thinking ) Crow ( can count, differentiate between complex shapes and also carry out observational learning tasks ) Pigeon ( ability to remember people and places also they are multitask by dividing they attention between multiple stimuli at the same time in order to accomplish multiple tasks in a shorter period of time ) Killer Whale ( able to learn local dialects ) Pig ( wise and clean ) Cat ( can learn tricks by observation and imitation ) Horse ( capable of thinking and making decisions )

Grammar The modal will, can and may change form in indirect speech. 

Direct Speech

I won’t be at the meeting I can ask my colleague to take notes I may be able to send my secretary

Indirect Speech

She explained (that) she wouldn’t be at the meeting She said (that) she could ask her colleague to take notes She mentioned (that) she might be able to send her secretary

Change must to had to. Do not change the modals should, could, might or ought to Change the pronouns, possessives, and time words to keep the original meaning 

Direct Speech

Indirect Speech 10

I must find a way to repeat my experiment I should publish my results I can’t access my computer because it broke down yesterday

She said (that) she had to find a way to repeat her experiment She said (that) she should publish her results The student claimed (that) she couldn’t access her computer because it had broken down the day before

1. Simple present Events or situations that exist always, usually and habitually. * It expresses general statement of fact and timeless truths. * it expresses habitual or everyday activities.

Example: I / you / we / they talk She / he / it walks 2. Simple past * this that happened at one particular time in the past. * Something that began and ended in the past. Example: I / you / we / they / He / she / it walked 3. Simple future

* at one particular time in the future, this will happen. Example: I / you / we / they / He / she / it will walk


4. Present progressive

The action is in progress at the present time, and probably will continue. Example: I am (I’m) walking you / they / we are walking She / he / it is walking 5. Past progressive The action was in progress at a particular time in the past. Example: you / they / we were sleeping I / she / he / it was sleeping 6. Future progressive The action will begin before another action, and it will be in progress at a particular time. Example: I / you / we / they / He / she / it will be sleeping 7. Present perfect Something that began in the past and continues in the present. Example: I / you / they / we have been she / he / it has been


8. Past perfect An activity that began and was finished before another in the past. Example: I / You / they / we / she / he / it had slept

9. Future perfect An activity that will be completely finished before another time in the future. Example: I / You / they / we / she / he / it will have finished 10. Present Perfect Progressive Event that is in progress Example: I / YOU / THEY / WE have been studying she / he / it has been growing 11. Past Perfect Progressive Event that was in progress Example: I / You / they / we / she / he / it had been growing

12. Future Perfect Progressive Event that will be in progress before another event in the future. Example: I / You / they / we / she / he / it will have been living


Topic 5. Longevity, refusing to be Invisible

Personal comment: This was one of my best lessons throughout the semester because as I said in class, the college TCU did in the Hotspot Carlos MarĂ­a Ulloa in Guadeloupe and very shocked to see me as when one becomes elderly society despises and looks like a obstacle yet you recognize the influence and impact that the old man has given to society. I think many of the examples presented in class, it is shown that the young spirit within an individual regardless of the amount of gray that have a product of their years.

Vocabulary Both: two person Birth: the begin of the live Elderly: people of more fifty year age Bold: brave, courageous Go in for: want to, do something with pleasure Bitterness: resentment, anger Ensemble: outfit (clothing) Chapter: local group of an organization Gorgeous: beautiful, attractive Flamboyant: showy, loud, colorful Brag: boast, show off Assisted living facility: a place where seniors sometimes live, similar to a nursing home Self-improvement: working hard to become better Nurturing: offering kind, supportive care Anxious: whit much energy, can no stop Concerned: interest ( you ) 14

Hotspot: home where life the alderly Far: long of the home Mourning: state for the die of a friend Citizen: people that life in a city Jealous: like have equal Bitter: sentiment of angry

Individual Present For age

For gender 4,301,712


Head Count




% Population

50 to 64 years 65 to 74 years 75 to 84 years more of 85 years

556,461 181,582 96,692 33,438

265,055 86,758 44,215 13,861

291,406 94,824 52,477 19,577

556,461 181,582 96,692 33,438

13% 4% 2% 1%



409,889 458,284 10% 11%

868,173 20%


I know 2 Hotspot : ď‚– Carlos MarĂ­a Ulloa Home ( Guadalupe ) The Carlos Maria Ulloa Hogar Association has a population of 195 elderly held (75 males and 120 females), divided into individual rooms or general shared. The ages of these people ranging from 65 years to 104 years, although the majority are between 75 and 80 years of age. These adults are served by 135 employees from different areas and categories, and get the attention of accredited volunteers and medical and nursing students. ď‚™ In this nursing home there are different levels of accommodation, for example, that an older adult enjoy a room with private bathroom, television, refrigerator and carefully, as if in a hotel-must pay 450,000 colones per month. If this room is shared with another person the cost is 400,000 colones. There are other individual pension cost 300,000 colones, but do not have the bathroom and are general classrooms that divide men from women and accommodate between 15 and 20 people, which are located bed, as in a hospital. People who enter the general classrooms are mostly lower-income adults admitted for social risk, non-contributory old-age or disability or death. 15

The room itself has a cost, said the manager of the home, however, if an eligible adult and enter for example, non-contributory, is charged 90% of the pension and the rest is presented to Council National Senior Citizens (CONAPAM) to fund the shortfall

ď‚– Magdala Home ( EscazĂş ) Home Magdala has 28 years of operation and is maintained by government support, mainly donations and Divine Providence and Mercy of God. Is a social welfare institution, working with older people with disabilities. Over the years the home has specialized in older adults with disabilities, making it currently one of the country's households with more experience in this field. Home facilities differ to most homes and shelters in the country, because there are no halls, rooms for two people only. The Home cares for people in all walks of life, those who have no resources, who have little and those who can pay, the latter help defray the cost of the other older adults, though, the treatment is the same for all, both for those who pay, and those who do not. All this is providing the best conditions. To access an older adult study each case individually and Board of Directors, taking into account all the details both medical, social, and economic, in order to try to get to those who most urgently take our services . The home is located 700 m east of the Fresh Market (Old Toycos) and 150 m northwest. Bello Horizonte, EscazĂş


Topic 6. Giving to Others: Why Do We Do It?

Personal comment: I always thought that is totally real book dictates the Bible, we are in this world to give without expecting anything in return. This phrase is widely exposed in this lesson and I loved meeting Karen cases like Pittelman, Warren Buffett and the leaders of the band U2, Bono greatly supporters charities around the world, with people living agradecidad to society and make sense of solidarity with the less fortunate. This lesson also helped me learn different vocabulary that will serve me in the future to try to influence the decisions of corporate social responsibility which is laboring, in this case I get in Coca Cola

Vocabulary Charity: Give to other a help Poor: People without money Wealthy: People with very money Ill 贸 sick: People without health Spend: finish the money Win: have the money Cause: a principle or aim that a group of people support or fight for Moral: related to principles of what is right and wrong Anonymously: doing something without letting anyone know your name Motivated: a strongly felt emotion Donation: to receive something from someone who has died Contribute: requests, often for money or help Inherit: families give you fortune to other family Passion: very eager to do or achieve something 17

Mandatory: something that is required or the must be done Generosity: to give money, help, or ideas Fundraiser: a person or event whose purpose is to collect money for charity Appeals: a gift


NOUN Anonymity Catastrophe Charity Contribution Donation, donor Generosity Inheritance Motivation Morality Passion Philanthropy, philanthropist Wealth

VERB X X X Contribute Donate X Inherit Motivate Moralize X X X

ADJETIVE Anonymous Catastrophic Charitable Contributed Donated Generous Inheritable Motivated Moral Passionate Philanthropic Wealthy


dependent clauses that must be joined to independent clauses

describe nouns and pronouns

often placed in a sentence right after the noun they describe

add details to sentences by functioning as adjectives ADJECTIVE (RELATIVE) CLAUSES

Adjective clauses begin with one of the relative pronouns such as who, whom, whose, where , that, which, when

Also called relative clauses.

Relative Pronouns & Relative Clauses

Who: Refers to people, used as subject in the clause 18

Ex. The lady who teaches in Political Science department is my mentor. (Relative pronoun as the subject of the clause) Whom: Refers to people, used as object or object of preposition. (Formal grammar recommends whom, not who, in the object position) Sally, who(m) he knew, arrived yesterday. (Relative pronoun as the object of the clause) The student of whom he spoke was a foreigner. (Relative pronoun as the object of a preposition) Which or that: Refers to things, animals The watch which Ken bought was expensive. The ring that Jamie wears is from her husband. The lion that escaped last night was captured. (Note: the sentence using which is more formal than the one with that) Whose: Refers to possession/ownership The father whose child is missing is frantic! The company whose manager has resigned is in dire straits. When: Refers to a time (in + year, in + month, on + day,...). It cannot be a subject. It can be omitted I will never forget the day when I graduated. I will never forget the day on which I graduated. I will never forget the day that I graduated. I will never forget the day I graduated. Where: Refers to a place (in + country, in + city, at + school,...). It cannot be a subject. It can be omitted but a preposition (at, in, to) usually must be added. The house where he stays is old . The house in which he stays is old. The house which he stays in is old. The house that he stays in is old.


The house he stays in is old. Why: Refers to reason. It can be omitted I don’t know why he winked. I don’t know the reason why he winked. I don’t know the reason he winked.

Topic 7. What’s the Use of Homework?

Personal comment: “The way the teacher practice," a phrase that shows why it is important to have homework at any time as a student. The homework helps students to correct doubts that might be in the class also allows applying new doubts then take class attendance clarify. I found it very interesting it known that in the 19th century was banned in the United States this type of practice and I think absurd that today there are people who are against this practice. I have no doubt that there will be teachers who leave exceed homework because I've had that experience, but with very good balance.

Vocabulary Math: matter of sum; rest, multiply, divide Believable: a person the tell the true Spend: lost much money Whether: if Advocates: Supporters believers of one side of a controversy Fluctuated: changed from one level to another Foundation: basis; an idea from which a system develops Self-esteem: feeling good about yourself 20

Demanding: is strict, difficult; challenging Accountable: counts clean Distraught: very upset Duty: something you must do Monitor: carefully check or examine Early: get before time Daily: day to day Useful: good Useless: bad Instead: in place of Drills: exercises Challenging: something difficult of have Scores: results Guilty: different to innocent Punishment: result of have something bad Outlawed: made illegal Allow: give Skill: ability Buckle down: concentrate and do your work Came to mind: occurred to (me) Conked out: fell asleep or felt exhausted Count on: depend on, rely on A cinch: something that is very easy Hopping mad: really angry Over the top: excessive, too much Pays off: leads to good results Pull (one’s) weight: do (one’s) fair share of the work Had (one’s) nose to the grindstone: worked hard

Grammar MAKE, HAVE, LET •

Use MAKE, HAVE, LET + Object + base form of the verb to talk about things that someone can require, cause, or allow another person or animal to do. •

He has his children do their homework immediately after school.

Jamie has them take reponsibility for their own learning.

She makes them turn off the TV.

Amy makes her students do homework every night.

He lets them play video games later. 21

Philip lets them choose their own essay topics.

You can also use make to mean cause to - force to HELP •

It can be followed by:

1. object + base form of the verb She helped me do my research project. He helped me understand the issue. 2. object + infinitive He helped me to do it. He helped me to understand the issue. GET •

It has a similar meaning to make and have, though it implies a less direct action by the subject of the sentence.

It is always followed by object + infinitive. •

The professor got us to do extra homework.


Topic 8. Goodbye to the Sit-Down Meal

Personal comment: Eating well does not mean eating ugly." In our head is not such paradigms that allows us to enjoy healthy food and healthy we associate only with vegetables and fruits. Today we know that eating well should not be allowed to eat everything, but to have a proper balance regarding the calories that each food contains. We had a discussion activity between calls fast foods (junk) and healthy, this activity allowed me to see how my fellow young and you do not have appropriate elements defender judgment either plate

Vocabulary Sit-Down Meal: eat speed Take out: For carry Somewhere else: In some other place Cheaper: Less of cost Faster: More spend Healthful: good health Trends: style Near: less the close Tastes: flavor Delicacies: very good you savor Witnessing: look in the situation Quite: complete Stacked: a big group in a place Shift: change Overrun: a group in a place no authorized Core: center 23

Interviewer: reporter Breadwinners: Salary earners Bring home the bacon: Earn money Dough: Money Get cooking: start working There’s trouble brewing: problems are developing Put it on the back burner: leave something until later; treat as less urgent Stirs up: creates Food for thought: something to think about Bread and butter: main source of income The salt of the earth: a really good person Take it with a grain of salt: be skeptical about what you hear Left a bad taste in my mouth: gave me a negative feeling

Grammar Phrasal Verbs







Topic 9. Finding a Niche: The Challenge for Young Immigrants

Personal comment: Dangerous Minds, name of the movie we saw in college and that explains very well the kind of life that has an immigrant in a country where it is required to behave very differently than their personality dictates. The group work that exposed my class partner’s experiences showed me very hard to accept to be true so many times inhuman they are, cases such as the country of Sierra Leone, live with the FARC in Colombia or call Maras gangs and El Salvador, I do see my country for what it dictates their anthem "I defend, I love and adore and would give my life for her."

Vocabulary Hometown: city where birth Niche: home Unique: special; individual Native tongue: first language Flourishing: growing and developing well Mainstream: the common way of thinking or acting Tight-knit: close; connected Assimilate: adapt and adjust Suppressed: not allowed to express Relieved: happy that don’t have to worry about somthing Bone up on: make someone or something different Intimidating: frightening 30

Uprooted: removed from; torn from Set apart: review; study again Dialect: a distinct variety of language Have a hard time: have difficulty Blend in: do what is necessary to solve a problem Deal with: contribute a fair amount of the work; share the responsibility for accomplishing something. Learn by doing: learn in an active, practical way In the process: at the same time, simultaneously Encouragement: praise, support DANGEROUS MINDS MOVIE SONG As I walk through the valley of the shadow of death I take a look at my life and realize there's not much left Coz I've been blastin and laughin so long, that Even my mama thinks that my mind is gone But I ain't never crossed a man that didn't deserve it May be treated like a punk you know that's unheard of You better watch how you're talking, and where you're walking Or you and your homies might be lined in chalk I really hate to trip but i gotta, loc As I Grow I see myself in the pistol smoke, fool I'm the kinda G the little homies wanna be like On my knees in the night, saying prayers in the streetlight Been Been Keep Keep

spending spending spending spending

most most most most

their lives, living in the gangsta's paradise their lives, living in the gangsta's paradise our lives, living in the gangsta's paradise our lives, living in the gangsta's paradise

They got the situation, they got me facin' I can't live a normal life, I was raised by the stripes So I gotta be down with the hood team Too much television watching got me chasing dreams I'm an educated fool with money on my mind Got my 10 in my hand and a gleam in my eye I'm a loc'd out gangsta set trippin' banger And my homies is down so don't arouse my anger, fool Death ain't nothing but a heartbeat away, I'm living life, do or die, what can I say I'm 23 now, but will I live to see 24 The way things are going I don't know Tell me why are we, so blind to see That the ones we hurt, are you and me Been spending most their lives, living in the gangsta's paradise Been spending most their lives, living in the gangsta's paradise


Keep spending most our lives, living in the gangsta's paradise Keep spending most our lives, living in the gangsta's paradise Power and the money, money and the power Minute after minute, hour after hour Everybody's running, but half of them ain't looking What's going on in the kitchen, but I don't know what's kickin' They say I gotta learn, but nobody's here to teach me If they can't understand it, how can they reach me I guess they can't, I guess they won't I guess they front, that's why I know my life is out of luck, fool Been Been Keep Keep

spending spending spending spending

most most most most

their lives, living in the gangsta's paradise their lives, living in the gangsta's paradise our lives, living in the gangsta's paradise our lives, living in the gangsta's paradise

Tomado de

Tell me why are we, so blind to see That the ones we hurt, are you and me Tell me why are we, so blind to see That the one's we hurt, are you and me

CINEFORUM After watching the movie Dangerous Minds, please answer the following: 1) What





I once heard an idle mind is a dangerous mind. I think a Dangerous Mind is not only for leisure but so little used, do to survive, defend instead of living gratefully be support for others, 2)
















subtracting education


society. system?

I had seen the effects of private education and public education, both have advantages and disadvantages. In the end not only systems that are based on what makes a good or bad citizen, but the predisposition that the person has to learn and then help others. The education system is deceitful, greedy and class, but also extends the minds of its members (students), generates positive critical thinking and allows students compete to excel in a competitive world. 3) Write a reflection about this movie. Provide feedback to at least one classmate The film is a bit strong, I have heard in the past the truck song but never seen. Reflects a share


of universities in the United States who lives a world of fear, racism, gangs and murders both minor


I liked the film to the point I saw with my wife to comment later. Now that I'm a father I think about the world waiting for my son and I have definitely clear that the only way to help you have weapons that can protect you from this kind of reality is instilling religious and academic values, the latter will allow have different points of view and not be swayed by the easy way. Finally, attitudes fighters like the teacher LouAnne are examples for those who decided to impart knowledge in a youth center. In addition, leave the routine as it was to attend the Luna Park, talk of carat or make a poetry contest and give as a reward dinner at a prestigious restaurant such as The Flowering Peack, makes the young feel supported, motivated and above all ready to take the next decision in their lives and prove to himself that if he wants he can make. Among involving Raul and Emilio Durel, you can not tell which one is fake and one real. The three exposed the true way to express, act and live that has a large percentage of students not only in the U.S. but in many countries especially in Latin America.


Present and Past - Contrasting Verb Tenses








 All that fanaticism and radicalism, has led these countries to be extremely susceptible to resentment, and its population perceive various kinds of feelings, such as resentment historical, collective resentment and resentment absurd. They condemn people who are not guilty for the acts of others that no longer exist, and it is this ability to originate new conflicts and these conflicts arise more resentment.  Between Palestine and Israel originates primarily territorial conflict and a clash of cultures and religions. The Palestinians will not accept the state of Israel, which has been imposed not long ago to the Palestinians. We see that through the confrontation between these two countries have caused large and deep scars are difficult to heal, causing a collective resentment between the two countries, and like all resentments just originate more damage.  The pity is that these countries do not want to change, especially Palestine because regarded the Israelites as invaders and being of a different religion than theirs, they will do all possible to sink it, with the support of the Arab community. They don’t want to change and both countries don’t work hard to achieve peace.


Topic 10. No Technology? No Way!

Personal comment: The illustration that starts this lesson leads to think that technology dominates rather than by a reverse. I see a group of friends together but each with its smartphone chatting with who knows who, families communicating with each other via email, among other prime examples. Technology should be a tool to control and never know we control our behavior. I am a 37 years old and lived 2 times in CR technology, the first which was too difficult things is now very easy as study, family fun, family contact, etc. I hope my colleagues that most are so young, have learned to control this wave of technological advances that can improve their lives instead of being incarcerated

Vocabulary Noise: sound Loud: very sonic Sonic: noise Pollution: contamination Awful: horrible Sending me over the edge: frustrating me greatly Retaliatory: vengeful, involving revenge Bark: sound of the dog Skin: material of the face Fact: the really Jolted: strong movement Shattered: break 40

Towed: transport with machine Wail: cry Siren: warning signal Banned: prohibited Prompted: caused Vibrations: movements





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