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Giulia Fermo | Architect | Urban designer | Urban Planner

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Giulia Fermo Birth Nationality

15 | 04 | 1992 Italian

Tel

329 4845049 (+39)

e - mail

fermogiulia@gmail.com

Gent Belgium (BE) , 9040

EDUCATION 2010 | 2011

diploma in Italian high school specialised in classical studies

02 | 2016

Bachelor degree at Politecnico of Milan | Architectural Science

09 | 2017 - 06 | 2019

Master at KULeuven | Gent | Sustainable Architecture

09 | 2018 - 01 | 2019

Erasmus at the Technical School of Madrid (Escuela Politecnica de Madrid ET

09 | 2019 - 09 | 2020 (on-going)

Master at Ecole d’Urbanisme de Paris | Urban planning and international expertise

CERTIFICATIONS 2009

diploma ECDL

02 | 2013

HCCP_ certificate of training in food hygiene

08 | 2014

TOEIC English test (level B2)

01 | 2015

certificate of training in 3D relief and archeo architectural diagnosis

04 | 2017

IELTS English test (level 6.5)

LANGUAGES Italian | mothertongue English | level 6 IELTS French | intermediate level Spanish | half-intermediate level

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WORK EXPERIENCES

Giulia Giulia Fermo Fermo

Sept - Nov | 2018

Milan (IT)

Aug - Sept | 2018

Milan (IT)

Giulia Fermo Giulia Fermo part-time contract (volunteering) at ASF Spain development cooperation research/project Serei Sophon Resilient local urban development

March - June | 2018 June - July | 2017

Milan (IT)

June | 2017

Brescia (IT)

May | 2017

Milan (IT)

July - Jan | 2016 - 17

TION TION

Milan (IT)

Paris (FR)

Apr - June | 2016EDUCATION Tallinn (EST)

EDUCATION

Sept - Dec | 2015

Milano (IT)

Jan - June | 2015

Milano (IT)

2014 | 2015

Milano (IT)

part-time contract (paid) TRANS Architectuur part-time contract (paid) at Caravatti_Caravatti Architetti workshop - Waste and water waste in developping countries | CetambLab workshop - Challenge practice with ASF Italy part-time contract (paid) at Razavi Architecture part-time contract (paid) at KOKO Architects part-time contract (paid) at One Works web - site collaboration related to infographic design at One Works iconographic collaboration connected to the essay Il palazzo

come principio urbano, prof. Caja, prof. ssa Iarossi

Giulia FermoJuly - Oct | 2014

CATIONS CATIONS

EXPERIENCES EXPERIENCES

AGES AGES

Nemi (IT)

CERTIFICATIONS CERTIFICATIONS

workshop concerning Restoration Design

Conoscere per tutelare. Progetti per le aree archeologiche. (Knowing to protect. Projects for archeological areas)

COMPUTER SKILLS WORK WORK EXPERIENCES EXPERIENCES

QGis

Office

LANGUAGES LANGUAGES

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1. Stress - Scapes | reading between the zones of Milan to mis - understand Romani Culture p. 7 2. Serei Sophon | Resilient local urban development against the backdrop of large-scale transitions p. 21 3. Descartes Mobility | A living-lab for mobility: shaping pathways for users within Champssur-Marne (Paris) p. 31 4. Architects without borders | Building a skatepark in CaĂąada Real Galiana. p. 39

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1. Stress - Scapes |

Reading between the zones of Milan to mis - understand Romani Culture

Milan | Italy | Sept - june 2018 - 2019

Giulia Fermo

5


Im. 2 Personal graphic interpretation of Romanì Population data all over Europe. Observing the Italian situation, the percentage correspondent is one of the lowest.

2.5 - 5.0 % 1.0 - 2.5 % < 1.0 %

Romani culture Romani, Romany, Gypsies or Roma [..] Those some of the names coined to call this population all over the world. But who are they? Due to the fact that they don’t keep any chronicle about their history, their origin can be identified through linguistic and mythology. According to the legend reported in the Persian epic poem, the Shahnameh, the king Sasanian Bahram V Gor (421-39) noticed that the poor people weren’t able to enjoy music due to its costs. For this reason he asked the king of India to send to Iran 10000 luris, lute-playing experts. He provided them ox and wheat, but they hated it and they moved back to India. It’s in this moment that the king obliged them to leave the country. From that time on, the luris (Romani, Romany, Gypsies or Roma..) started to explore the world. Anyway, even from a linguistic point of view, the roots of the Romani language reveals and confirm grammar similarities with

6

https://fra.europa.eu/it

Indian languages, mostly sharing their basic lexicon with Hindi and Punjabi, but also with Marwari and many others. During their continuous relocation, they reached Europe around the 14th century. Most probably due to their way of living being a minority, some of them have been excluded and restricted by the society, some others managed to travel as free nomads. The first time they have been registered in Italy was in 1390 in Abruzzo (centre-south). Nowadays, they are the first ethnic minority. According to various valuations, the numbers of people is around 90000 – 140000, among which 70000 with Italian citizenship. Nowadays, the majority is stable and live in urban context. Just around 12000 people still live in those segregated places called Romani camps.

Regular or irregular camps? The main difference can be identified by the municipality/government power. Practically an irregular camp is a space that have been chosen by a group of people to live in (for a determined period of time or to stabilize) illegally. Basic services are taken illicitly from the commune system.


Im. 3 Personal graphic interpretation of discrimination data against RomanĂŹ Population all over Europe. Observing the Italian situation, the percentage correspondent is one of the highest.

https://fra.europa.eu/it

2.5 - 5.0 % 1.0 - 2.5 % < 1.0 %

A regular camp is an area given by the city where basic services and infrastructures are provided. Usually people who live in, own the Italian citizenship. Essentially they are the same of all the other Italian citizens. However those two typologies are not really different between each other. Basically people who live there, with citizenship or not, keep being segregated and discriminated all over the world. In other words, even if they evolved their situation not being nomads anymore changing their lifestyle, they are still aiming for a better solution to be real stakeholders and part of those cities and countries.

XII XIV end. XIV XVI

In Milan (IT) there was the major concentration of Romani regular camps. Nowadays just five are left all over the suburbs: via Bonfadini 39, Via della Chiesa Rossa 351, via Martirano 71, via Impastato 7 and via Negrotto 23. In the other side there are still four irregular camps all over Milan: via Monte Bisbino, via Cusago 275, via Vaiano Valle 41, via Bonfadini 38. Although the regular ones were given by the Municipality, the city aims to get rid of all of them.

Im. 1 Chart to understand RomanĂŹ Population movements all over Europe | XII - XVI

https://www.sulinet.hu

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Stereotypes or discrimination? ª Reading betweenbetween the zones of Milan to mis understand Romani Culture Romani Stereotypes or discrimination? ª Reading the zones of -Milan to mis - understand

Culture

Through the years Romani People have been accepted in some countries for their music and colorful life style, but in some others they have been tortured, discriminated for their being Romani and part of its traditions. Unfortunately, they have been used as slavery, they have been put in separated camps during the Second World War, exploited for any kind of illegal job, enrolled in “different schools” just for them.. Having a look at the situation nowadays, they are not anymore in concentration camps, but quite a high number is still situated in segregated areas in the periphery of cities, as it happens in Milan. The other citizens either are not allowed to enter those sites if not with specific documents, or as a citizen you don’t feel comfortable to be there.

But why does this happen? The main issue comes from the society itself. Romanì people are not accepted because Mass Media and ignorant politicians shared mainly the negative stereotypes, the ones against those families not highlighting the positive aspects. Right because we are considered a Society, if citizens are part of it involved in its life, they are also going to be influenced by what it has been or it is going to be announced as a statement. Within this specific case, if those negative definitions have been widespread all over Europe and the world, it’s actually normal that Romanì people are barely included in any place they decide to settle in.

ety can express itself influencing the masses. By chance, there are anyway controversial opinions that allow to analyze the situation from different points of view, starting from the European Union working on their acceptance as Romanì People as well as their status of minority that has to be taken care of and into consideration. Many Associations are currently working to bring up Romanì culture, to not forget how much they suffered and are suffering nowadays. A study titled Antiziganismo 2.0 (anti-gyspism 2.0) has been conducted in 2015 in Italy by the Association 21 Luglio. Newspapers, websites, blogs [..] have been analyzed in 4 main topics: - stereotypes speaking - discrimination - incitement to hatred - incitement to hatred and discrimination.

The conclusion out of this study is definitely a proof of what written previously. Unfortunately the discrimination comes mainly from newspapers online and not. This means that the Society is influenced by Mass Media more than any other tool used for informations. Moreover it has been given an attention on a regional level in Italy. It has been discovered that the highest rate of stereotypes and serious/dangerous situations may happen mostly in the North-West Italy. It’s actually quite fascinating that this data is actually related to the highest percentage of the racist parties, where the majority of comments comes from. Apparently the rates changed from the past years, showing a raising percentage in the North mainly due to how the municipality of Milan led the entire situation of the camps regulars and not all along the periphery.

The society can be then identified with Mass Media. In the majority of the cases, through this “tool” the major part of the Soci-

“Roma, Gypsies, Zingari, Sinti and Caminanti are the same” “Romani communities live in huts and they don’t want to have a house” “Romani communities have to be identified as criminals and given to inappropriate behaviours and activities” “Romani communities are too many” “Roma People kidnap children” “Family at first!” “Gypsy Music” 8


wrong informations wrong informations wrong informations

87 87 20,3 87 % 20,320,3 % %

discrimination

57 7%

incitement to hatred incitement toand to incitement hatreddiscriminaand and hatred tion discriminadiscrimination tion

187 18743,7 187 % Newspapers/magazines 43,743,7 % %

86 86 20,1 86 % 20,120,1 % %

stereotypes speaking stereotypes stereotypes speaking speaking

Il Messaggero Rassegna stampa UCEI (Unione Comu68 nità Ebraiche Lombardia, Il Giornale, 68 15,9 68 % Libero, La Padania, Il Giorno, Avvenire 15,915,9 % % discriminaEd. Milano, Brescia Oggi, CinquediscriminaGiortion discrimination tion ni Milano, Cittadino Di Lodi, Eco Di Bergamo, Gazzetta Di Lecco, Giornale Di Brescia, Giornale Di Cantù, Giornale Di Lecco, Il Bergamo, Il Brescia, Il Cittadino Brianza Nord – Sud, Il Cittadino Vimercatese, Leggo Milano, Lombardia Oggi, Metro Milano, La Prealpina, La Provincia Pavese, Settegiorni, Il Sole 24 Ore Lombardia, La Voce Di Mantova Il Corriere della Sera La Repubblica Gruppo Espresso discrimination La Stampa discrimination discrimination 57 577 57 Il Manifesto % 7 %7 % L’Unità Il Fatto Quotidiano Il Resto del Carlino incitement to hatred La Nazione incitement to hatred incitement to hatred 109 Il Giornale d’Italia 10913 109% La Sicilia 13 %13 % 482 48256 482% 56 %56 %

204 20424 204% 24 %24 %

Newspapers online/websites

incitement to hatred incitement to incitement to hatredhatred

187 18743,7 187 % 43,743,7 % %

stereotypes speaking stereotypes stereotypes speaking speaking

wrong informations

482 56 %

stereotypes speaking stereotypes stereotypes speaking speaking

incitement to hatred

109 13 % 204 24 %

ste incitement to hatred and discrimination

01.09.2012 - 15.05.2013

16.05.2

discrimination discrimination discrimination

stereotypes speaking stereotypes speaking stereotypes speaking

incitement to hatred and incitement to hatred and and incitement to hatred discrimination discrimination discrimination

ASCA ANSA Genova24 Atuttadestra Redattoresociale AgenParl.it Anconatoday Baritoday 09.2012 - 15.05.2013 2012 - 15.05.2013 .09.2012 - 15.05.2013 Bolognatoday Bresciatoday Firenzetoday Foggiatoday Genovatoday Lecceprima Milanotoday Modenatoday Napolitoday Padovaoggi Ilpescara Trevisotoday Trentotoday Torinotoday Veneziatoday Veronasera Vicenzatoday Udinetoday

187 18743,7 187 % 43,743,7 % %

187 18743,7 187 % 43,743,7 % %

68 68 15,9 68 % 15,915,9 % %

ste

86 86 20,1 86 % 20,120,1 % %

incitement to hatred incitement to hatred incitement to hatred

87 87 20,3 87 % 20,320,3 % %

incitement to hatred and incitement to hatred and and incitement to hatred discrimination discrimination discrimination

16.05.2013 - 15.05.2014 16.05.2013 - 15.05.2014 16.05.2013 - 15.05.2014

stereotypes speaking stereotypes speaking stereotypes speaking

187 18743,7 187 % 43,743,7 % %

241 24156,3 241 % 56,356,3 % %

serious/dangerous situations serious/dangerous situations serious/dangerous situations

Graphics produced by the author based on the study Antiziganismo 2.0

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EXISTING regular camp

Crime related to perceptions

EVICTED regular camp EXISTING irregular camp EVICTED irregular camp

kosovan romenian bosnian slavic

Through this map the idea is to compare the crime rate analyzed in 2017 by the Technical School Politecnico of Milan with the feeling rate assumed for each district. In this case too, the data are estimated by general opinions collected on site. It is interesting to observe that in some cases it might seem that the crime rate is not eventually based on what people think or feel, but most probably on numbers of thieves or robbers imprisoned or found in settlements or shops. Unfortunately this comparison is not related about a consistent amount of data, but it might still be taken into consideration to guess what the reality could be represented in relation to the Romani camps.

italian sinti

rom harvati political refugee Via Volga | romanian

Via Monte Bisbino | bosnian, croatian, italian sinti, slavic Via Triboniano / Via Barzaghi | romenian, bosnian Via Triboniano / Via Barzaghi | romenian, bosnian Via Negrotto | italian sinti, ex-jugoslavian Via Bolla | slavic, italian Bovisa 2 | romenian

Via Idro | italian sinti Via Adriano | ex-jugoslavic Via Rizzoli | ex-jugoslavic

Bacula | romenian, bosnian Bacula 2 | romenian, bosnian

Via Novara | kosovan

Parco Lambro | ex-jugoslavic Via Caduti di Marcinelle | ex-jugoslavic

Via Rubattino 1| romania Via Airaghi | slavic, italian sinti

Via Rubattino 2| romania

Via Cusago 275 | slavic

Via Martirano 71 | italian sinti, slavic

Via Bonfadini 39| italian sinti

Piazza Tirana | italian sinti, romenian

Via Bonfadini 38| italian sinti, romenian

Stazione San Cristoforo | italian sinti, romenian

Via Impastato 7| rom harvati Via Sacile 1| italian sinti, bosnian Via Sacile 2| romenian, bosnian Via San Dionigi| romenian

Via Vaiano Valle| bosnian Via Salvanesco| bosnian Via della Chiesa Rossa 351 | lombardian sinti, rom harvati

VARIOUS ETHNIC GROUPS | it is important to show the provenience of those people to undestand their motivation about why they moved in Italy. Mostly all of them come from the Ex-Jugoslavia, which means that they were actually escaping from their countries around the ‘80s - ’90s due to the war, and even from the Balkans in general. Nowadays part of those area are included in the EU, which means no frontiers. AnVARIOUS ETHNIC REFUGEES | quite a GROUPS high percentage | it is important of those to show groups the provenience faced the ex-Jugoslavia of those people to war. undestand Therefore theirthey motivation have been about other part as to be identified within the italian population. why theytomoved Italy. Mostly of them come fromhosted the Ex-Jugoslavia, which means thatend they of were escaping from forced moveinaway from all their counry to be and be protected. At the theactually war, Jugoslavia wan’t Graphics produced by the author

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their around ‘80s people - ’90s due the war, even fromstateless. the Balkans in general. Nowadays part of those area are therecountries anymore, andthe those aretostill nowand considered included in the EU, which means no frontiers. Another part as to be identified within the italian population.

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eviction + inclusion eviction +

EXISTING regularEXISTING camp regular EXISTING camp regular camp

People: where and how many

EVICTED regularEVICTED camp regularEVICTED camp regular camp

eviction

eviction

EVICTED irregular EVICTED camp irregular EVICTED camp irregular camp

< 50

< 50

movements whenmovements evicted when movements evicted when evicted

> 50

> 50

>100

>100

> 400

> 400

EXISTING irregular EXISTING camp irregular EXISTING camp irregular camp

The map beside exhibits the rough amount of Romani People that were/are resident in Milan in regular and irregular camps throughout years. This might give an overall view of the situation. Apparently, in the last report it has been discovered that they are eventually diminishing. In one side those data comes from2012 the Police and the Municipality about the regular camps and the tolerated areas. Unfortunately, the Romanì culture has not been widespread to demonstrate the presence of members of this Minorities 1990all over the Country not living in specific areas. Unluckily, mainly the neg- 2010 ative informations or the disinformation are shown and1990 observed. 1984 - 2010 But why the number of Romani People is eventually diminishing? 1968into the In one side, it might be that the family manages to get 2010 In the Society, find a job, having a life that we would call normal. 2004 - 2008 other side, a family cannot find any job because they are Romanì. Therefore it cannot be part of the Society itself, and 2004 the easiest - 2012 solution becomes leaving the country. Others, again, might have 2004 - 2012 already faced eviction various times, and to not face again the same situation they just try to camouflage themselves in the Society or they hide from the public lights. 2005 - 2012

2012

2012

1990

1990

1990 - 2010

1990 - 2010

1984 - 2010 1968 2010 2004 - 2008

1984 - 2010 1968 2010 2004 - 2008

2004 - 2012

2004 - 2012

2004 - 2012

2004 - 2012

2005 - 2012

2005 - 2012

- mainly back to -Romania mainly back to-Romania mainly back to Romania - moving all over- Italy moving andall EUover- moving Italy andallEU over Italy and EU

1989 - 2017

1989 - 2017

1989 -

? - 2018

? - 2018

?-

? - 2018

? - 2018

?-

? - 2018

? - 2018

?-

? - 2018

? - 2018

?-

2000 - 2007

2000 - 2007

2000 -

2007 - ?

2007 - ?

? - 2011

? - 2011

? - 2011

2010

2010

2010

1984

1984

1984

1984

1984

2014 - 2017

2014 - 2017

2014 - 2017

1990

1990

2014 - 2017

2014 - 2017

2014 - 2017

2003

2003

2016

2016

2016

2016

2008 - 2014

2008 - 2014

2010

2010

2009 - 2013

2009 - 2013

1999

1999

TIME (CONSUMING) | still trying to collect precise dates about start and end of those areas. Here a general overview of the situation. It’s onservable how those communities move around the city once evicted. There is just one case in particular in Via Rubattino whereTIME mostly all TIME the families involved gottrying relocated inabout a social (CONSUMING) (CONSUMING) | TIME still trying (CONSUMING) to|collect still precise to| collect still dates trying precise to start collect dates and precise about end start ofdates those and about areas. endstart ofHere those anda areas. end general of Here thoseaareas. general Here a general housing helped by the neighbors. overview of the overview situation. of It’s the overview onservable situation. of the It’s how onservable situation. those communities It’show onservable thosemove communities how around those move communities the cityaround once evicted. move the city around There once evicted. the is just city once Thereevicted. is just There is just Graphics produced by the author

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one case in particular one caseininVia particular one Rubattino case in in Via where particular Rubattino mostly in Via all where the Rubattino families mostly where allinvolved the mostly families gotall relocated involved the families in gota relocated involved social housing got in arelocated social housing in a social housing helped by the helped neighbors. by thehelped neighbors. by the neighbors.

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200

2008 -

2009 -


WEB Radio HUB | Radio Rom Revolution started in 2015 within the camp of via della Chiesa Rossa 351, today called the Villaggio delle rose. Because it all began (and ended) there, it might be interesting to restart from the same place.

A place where this Web Radio HUB can take place. A physical place where people can work in and be part of it.

Not just a Web Radio | why not a moveable Radio to go around the camps and why not in the city centre?

Infrastructure system NEEDED - electricity - toilets - kitchenette - rest area [..]

A possible output might be something ephemeral that becomes part of the environment where it is situated.

RADIO KER The aim of the project is to take into consideration the zone of Milan where the regular camps are situated, and to place them in relation with the districts they are part of and surrounded by. How?

The focus would be on the resumption of RADIO ROM REVOLUTION trying to organize it in a different way. The idea is to develop the existing Radio from 2015 developing it all over the city of Milan, creating a sort of MOBILE RADIO. The Radio would eventually move through the various regular camps in order to report what actually happen on a weekly basis inside each area. It might be about weddings celebration or discussions with neighbors, social activities and so on [..]. There must be a reference Hub then, which would be situated in the middle of the city next to the other radios in order to create a sort of direct communication between Romani People, Romani Culture and rest of the inhabitants of Milan.

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As it has been discovered through the analysis of the diversified districts where those sites are located, each of them can actually be identified for a specific characteristic that might be used to give a further identity to the camp, providing a positive visibility to the society world. Basically the project aims to create the infrastructure to make this visibility possible. The intention is then to combine the power of the Radio with other possible activities identifiable for each area. The infrastructure created should be flexible for everyday new activity. While one day will be, then, reserved to the Radio for guests , storytelling [..], the other days the space would change according to each camp identity. This would create and reinforce a positive impact on the neighborhoods all around each area, plus a possible positive reaction of the Society towards the Romani camps.


fragmented radio stations main radio station

area developed by the moving Radio external circle line inner circle line city centre

Via Negrotto | regualar camp | 1968

Via Martirano 71 | regular existing | 1984

Via Bonfadini 39| regular camp existing | 1984 Via Sacile 1| CAT | 2016 Via Impastato 7| regular camp existing | 2003

Via della Chiesa Rossa 351 | regular camp existing | 1999

RADIO KER #3 | thanks to the study about the location of the most influencial radio in Milan related to politics,

cultural and entertainment topics, it has been observed that they are mostly located within the inner circles of the city. If the Hub of Radio Ker would be placed right in the city center, the whole surrounding would most probably be influenced by its presence. Why do not place it in line with the Arco della Pace, one of the main portal of milan, and the Sforzesco castle ?

A radio moving around Milan

The area of Chiesa Rossa camp would keep being the reference point but not anymore the central HUB. Radio Ker would stop, then, everyday in each and every camp, without going back to the Chiesa Rossa one. The last stop of the week would be in Piazza Sempione. It’s an important plaza of Milan that is part of Medieval and XIX century developments of the city. It is considered as a pedestrian node between a quite relevant axis and the main park within the core of Milan.

It is already a fully pedestrian area, quite lively at day and night but just on its borders. It’s a relevant area from a historical point of view. The Arco della Pace is one of the most important Monuments in Milan, as one of the main portal to enter the city in the past. Same relevance for Parco Sempione the biggest park within the city center. Not just a park, it’s also the location of various activities, cultural, sport, big events [..]. Basically the Sempione Plaza can be considered a quite strategical point that could perfectly link those other places that are just in its surrounding.

It is really close to the main influential Radios in Milan, less than 1km from RAI Radio.

RADIO KER | thanks to the study about the location of the most influencial radio in Milan related to politics, cultural and entertainment topics, it has been observed that they are mostly located within the inner circles of the city. If the Hub of Radio Ker would be placed right in the city center, the whole surrounding would most probably be influenced by its presence. Why do not place it in line with the Arco della Pace, one of the main portal of milan, and the Sforzesco castle ? 15


BIGGEST FLEA MARKET IN MILAN | While one day will be, then, reserved to the Radio for guests , storytelling [..], the other days the space would change according to each camp identity. This would create and reinforce a positive impact on the neighborhoods all around each area, plus a possible positive reaction of the Society towards the Romani camps. The map below represents how this same are might change if a flea market is organized.

RADIO KER | Basically the project aims to create the infrastructure to make this visibility possible. The intention is then to combine the power of the Radio with other possible activities identifiable for each area. The infrastructure created should be flexible for everyday new activity. 16

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2. Serei Sophon |

Resilient local urban development against the backdrop of large-scale transitions Serei Sophon | Cambodia | July - Sept 2018

Giulia Fermo Emma Cottyn

18


Through the KU Leuven academic program it has been possible to spend a period of about 6 weeks in the city of Serey Sophoan. It has been useful to get a deeper understanding of the complexities of urban growth in the context of rapid change and transition.

Real challenge in Serei Sophon | Cambodia

Serey Sophon or Sisophon is the capital and the largest city of Bantaey Manchey province, which is located in the northwest of Cambodia.

Through participatory mapping, interviews with inhabitants and stakeholders, analysis of the existing situation, a series of data has been collected in order to organize a workshop during the last week of the development cooperation project.

The city of Srei Sophon is going through major changes at the moment due to macro scale and regional development plans for infrastructure and reconstruction. The city has witnessed a serious growth over the last years, attracting new businesses and people. This growth can be attributed to several factors such as the good location of the city and its connectivity with other major cities in Cambodia and its close distance to Thailand. It is expected that an increasing number of both internal and international migrants will move to the city and its hinterland.

The role of the Municipality has been fundamental to understand how to proceed on site, through the close insight and help of the social developper Mr. Khem Pec Reasmey and the collaboration with the Urban Planner Ms. Tach Kim Khnong. Site visits and understanding of the situation that the city is facing have been explained clearly by the stakeholders, and of course through this period spent working physically there.

As migration will increase, the growth of the city and its densification needs to be planned in order to safeguard the current green character and the very short rural-urban linkages that are imperative for a local food production and distribution network. As such the need has emerged to think about intelligent ways to densify with respect to cultural and historical typologies. With the formulation of the SDGs the UN has acknowledged the important role of cities today, and with the formulation of SDG 11 (making cities and human settlements inclusive, safe, resilient, and sustainable) they emphasise the crucial role of urban planning and design as a “lense” or a “trajectory” that has to enable the realisation of the other 16 SDGs.

All the graphics and the picture clicked of this chapter are produced by the author.

1984

1994

2014

2016

2004

Evolution of the city of Serei Sophon from 1984 until 2016. The city has been growing quite fast in the last few years and it will face an urban sprawl in the next years. Analysis produced by the author.

Cambodia | Bantea Manchey region | Serei Sophon | Timeline urban expansion

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+

Serei Sophon urban development circle line | future development

Prevision of future expansion of Serei Sophon.

Understanding Serei Sophon The directions of the expansion of Serei Sophon the development of the city aims to happen in many angles. The understanding of this aspect brought then to consider that it should be divided in phases, as well as the Municipality explained later. The capital of Bantea Manchey Province is exploring its future developments as one of the most strategical city of the area. The first focus is going be on the circle line for three main reasons, improving and extending it. This strengthening aims to improve the traffic situation in Serei Sophoan trying to redirect the commercial axis through the â&#x20AC;&#x153;newâ&#x20AC;? circle line. As a matter of fact nowadays the traffic is mostly more intense on the three main roads that compose the city itself, not being 100 % efficient. Moreover the area would be reclaimed by the happening of those interventions, creating a better environment to live in. The idea is to extend the existing circle line in order to connect it

20

to the main artery in the direction to Siem Reap. This new branch would pass through an actual but informal street named Ba Reat, defined by the presence of (ex) communities, poor quality of life, lack of infrastructures. With the identification of this area as the most vulnerable one in the whole development process of Serei Sophoan, it has been decided to focus the research on this specific site. About the next phases, they have been already being taken into consideration by the Municipality. Eventually, another already existing infrastructure has been potentiated. In 2018 the railway has been reactivated after decades. The ambition is to provide the city trains on a regular basis for a better connection with the thai border and the capital Phnom Penh, in order to expand commerce and turism.


Serei Sophon

?

es

e pickers

• • •

Serei Sophon

?

Refugees

rom Thailand • ver Cambodia• • along the riv-• y (see map) er supply (tap•

ystem

Serei Sophon

Khmer refugees from Thailand • people from all over Cambodia• no real group • nowadays mainly along the riv-• er and the railway (see map) presence of water supply (tap• water) no waste water system • no GAEA • presence of waste pickers •

Refugees Communities

Communities

Khmer refugees• from presence Thailand of a leader who tries• people from all over to Cambodia make a better living no real group • single group • nowadays mainly • along Sereithe Sophon riv- used to have 15• er and the railway (see communities. map) Nowadays only 2 presence of water are supply left (see (tapmap) water) • presence of water supply (tap• no waste water system water) no GAEA • no waste water system • presence of waste • pickers no GAEA • • presence of waste pickers •

presence of a leader who tries• to make a better living single group • Serei Sophon used to have 15• communities. Nowadays only 2 are left (see map) presence of water supply (tap• water) no waste water system • no GAEA • presence of waste pickers •

Communities Ex Communities (slum) Ex Communities (slum) Ex Com presence of a •leader no more who tries presence of a leader • to make a better • living no real group • single group • nowadays 13 ex communities• Serei Sophon used(see to have map) 15 communities. Nowadays • no water only supply 2 • are left (see map) • no waste water system • presence of water • no supply GAEA(tap • water) • presence of waste pickers • no waste water system no GAEA presence of waste pickers

no more presence of a leader • • no real group nowadays 13 ex communities• (see map) • no water supply • no waste water system • no GAEA • presence of waste pickers

ex - community (slum)

community

bodia y region | Bantea | SereiManchey Sophon Cambodia |region Refugees | Bantea | Serei - Communities Manchey Sophon |region Refugees - Ex |Communities Serei - Communities Sophon | Refugees - Ex Communities - Communities - Ex Communities Ex community Ba Reat II

Ex community Ba Reat Sophy Community Ba Reat Kompong Svay

Ex community Old station Ex community Tah Tla

Ex community Banoi

Ex community Rong Masin

Ex community Pagoda

The most problematic areas according to the future expansion of the city correspond to the location of various groups of people, in some cases considered communities in others not labeled as such anymore. The three main groups that can be found in the whole city are diagrammed above. Concerning Bareat area (high-lighted in red), the one that has been chosen to focus on, it is composed by two ex-communities (not anymore organized in roles) Ba Reat Sophy and Ba Reat II, and by one current community Ba Reat Kompong Svay. 21

no mo no rea nowad (see m no wa no wa no G prese


A general understanding of facilities - services - activities found within the area. It is identifiable that they are mostly concentrated along the two main axis that make up the neighborhood itself.

Future urban expansion of Serei Sophon

Ba Reat - first area to get involved in the expansion Future Future

ofofSerei SereiSophon Sophon

- -first firstarea areatotoget getinvolved involvedininthe the expansion expansion

Future Future

ofofSerei SereiSophon Sophon

- -first firstarea areatotoget getinvolved involvedininthe the expansion expansion

Circle line - first axis to be touches by the expansion

22

- -first firstarea areatotoget getinvolved involvedininthe the expansion expansion

Ba BaReat Reat- relocation relocationororupgrade? upgrade?

- -first firstarea areatotoget getinvolved involvedininthe the Cambodia Cambodia| |Bantea BanteaManchey Mancheyregion region | |Serei SereiSophon Sophon| |The Thepurpose purpose expansion expansion

Ba BaReat Reat- relocation relocationororupgrade? upgrade?

Development masterplan relocation or upgrade


• • • •

private company that collects the not recyclable waste around 4 provinces: Siem Reap, Kampot, Battambong, Bantea Manchey which Serei Sophon is part ofT the garbage is collected mainly in the main roads and where the service is paid collection time: 1/2/3 times per week (street based); from the market everyday once it has been collected, it’s released directly in the landfill outside the city

Waste as a resource | Actors and locations

Waste pickers

GAEA | waste collection company

2 separate groups (they don’t work together) in the street in the landfill (health issues) really young children involved

private company that collects the not recyclable waste around 4 provinces: Siem Reap, Kampot, Battambong, Bantea Manchey which Serei Sophon is part ofT the garbage is collected mainly in the main roads and where the service is paid collection time: 1/2/3 times per week (street based); from the market everyday once it has been collected, it’s released directly in the landfill outside the city

• •

GAEA | waste collection company •

• • •

private company that collects the not recyclable waste around 4 provinces: Siem Reap, Kampot, Battambong, Bantea Manchey which Serei Sophon is part ofT the garbage is collected mainly in the main roads and where the service is paid collection time: 1/2/3 times per week (street based); from the market everyday once it has been collected, it’s released directly in the landfill outside the city

SimKim | (recyclable) waste disposal site •

Waste pickers

waste pickers from the street and the landfill come here to sell the dry waste Paper=0.075 doll/kg Plastic=0.2 doll/kg Glass=0.05 doll/per glass Steel=0.25 doll/kg Fabrics=0.075 doll/kg the waste is then sold to Thailand

• •

While the waste collection Company Gaea works in SimKim | (recyclable) waste disposal site • waste pickers the street andarteries the landfill come here to sell the thefrom main (basidry waste cally, where Paper=0.075 doll/kg the service is Plastic=0.2 doll/kg paid), indoll/per Ba Reat area, and Glass=0.05 glass Steel=0.25 doll/kg inFabrics=0.075 the street doll/kg in particular, • the waste is then sold to Thailand people burn the not recyclable garbage directly in their gardens.Concerning recyclable materials, there is an informal collection made by waste-pickers of the areas in order to get money back.

Ba Reat II

region | Serei Sophon | GAEA - SimKim - Waste Pickers Landfill

Waste pickers • •

2 separate groups (they don’t work together) in the street in the landfill (health issues) really young children involved Waste pickers - STREET GROUP

ers

ick

ep

st Wa

Burning waste

-L

n tio

P

lec

OU

col

GR

ste

ILL

wa

DF

ea

AN

Ga

Ba Reat Sophy

a mp

Co

Burning waste ny

Cambodia | Bantea Manchey region | Serei Sophon | GAEA - SimKim - Waste Pickers SimKim | (recyclable) waste disposal site •

2 separate groups (they don’t work together) in the street in the landfill (health issues) really young children involved

Burning waste

waste pickers from the street and the landfill come here to sell the dry waste Paper=0.075 doll/kg Plastic=0.2 doll/kg Glass=0.05 doll/per glass Steel=0.25 doll/kg Fabrics=0.075 doll/kg the waste is then sold to Thailand

Ba Reat Kompong Svay SimKim Recycling centre

Burning waste ickers

p Waste

ROUP

ET G

- STRE

ny

pa

landfill and SimKim Ba Raet Areas

ickers

ste

a

ae

on

cti

lle

co

om

C

wa

G

23


B2

Y1

playing cards Z1

C2

ponds

U1

D2

A2 P2

gathering points

T2

F2

A2

E2

1

X1 S

W

Ba Reat settlements

CO

W

OF

1

W

V2

playiful pond

S2

V1

U1

Q2

T1

R2 P2

O2

S1 N2

2

M

L2

ing

ak

K2rt m se

informal bar

Des

J2

I2

H2

G2

playing music

2

G

Some areas within Ba Reat street are fixed gathering points, either to play music or cards, talk or play in general. The space is defined by those punctual events, being considered in turn places.

g

I1

rin

int

po

he

Gat

H1

e

Gat

G1

A1

B1

playing pool

F1

R1 J1 O1

C1

op

P1 sh ss ga K1

E1 L1 rest

1

M

ĂŠ

Caf

N1

Q1

Ba Reat street

D1

Ba Reat street

Education

Ba Reat street

Commercial areas

Those diagrams represent the relation between Ba Reat street and the rest of the neighbor hood in terms of distance. Three main aspects have been taken into consideration. It is observable that there are normally few nearby solutions, meaning that this area has always been left aside. Source | By the author

24


B2

Y1

Z1

pig/chicken livestock

C2

economical busines

U1

D2

A2 P2

ponds

T2

F2

8 shops

A2

E2

1

X1 S

W

CO

W

OF

1

W

V2

2 cows livestock 3 restaurants

S2

V1

U1

Ba Reat settlements Q2

T1

R2 P2

O2

S1 N2

2

M

L2

ing

ak

K2rt m se

Des

J2

I2

H2

G2

2

G

g

I1

rin

int

po

he

Gat

H1

waste pickers

e

Gat

G1

A1

B1

F1

R1 J1 O1

A brief understanding of formal and informal commercial activities within Ba Reat street.

1 gas bottles shop

C1

op

P1 sh ss ga K1

E1 L1 rest

M

1

ĂŠ

Caf

N1

Q1

D1

This is how the research has been conducted. People have been interviewed trying to understand their lifesâ&#x20AC;&#x2122; backgrounds and style in relation with the area. Unfortunately the time spent was not sufficient to collect all the informations needed. Moreover, unfortunately some people didnâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t tell the truth. As a consequence, some of data might be mistaken. The analysis presented has to be associate with a workshop that has been organized by students, where they were obliged to think about possible solutions for this area based on the knowledge explained previousely. Source | By the author 25


3. Descartes Mobility

A living-lab for mobility: shaping pathways for users within Champssur-Marne Champs-sur-Marne (Paris) | France | Sept - January 2019 - 2020 Giulia Fermo Artaban Micali Romain Morin Mathias Neiztel

26


GENERAL PLANNING STUDIO TITLE The creation of the new multi-transports station will reorganize Artaban Micali Drossos on the the centralities in the area. Will a car centred mobility Romain Morin campus still be necessary in the future? This possible Giulia FermodevelopMathias Neitzel ment clears up space for improved walkability as Poster well as bikeSamson ability and a general overhaul accessibility in the campus. The proposed projects, as presented in the following pages, tackle various of these apparent concerns through low-tech as well as high-tech solutions by focusing on the user experience. PropoPlease keep to the available space. is where you answering put a sition of various interventions onThis different scales, not short description your projectnumerous to kick things off.inPlease only the call forofconnecting points Cité Descartes keep the keeping availablein space. where you put aWithout short a suffibuttoalso mindThis the is local anchoring. description ofinfrastructure, your project toconnectivity kick things off. Please keep to municicient bike with surrounding thepalities available space. This is where you put short descripbecomes harder, especially forayoung people. Without tionstrengthening of your project tomobility, kick things off. Please keep to becomes the soft a sustainable culture an available space. This is where you put a short description of obsolete objective. One approach is not mutually exclusive from the other but rather complementary and adding value to each other.

A living - lab for mobility

MOBILITY

SHAPING SPACE BY USER EXPERIENCE

How people move around campus and the experience users have while doing so remains one of the pressing issues that Cité Descartes is facing. There a need fordescription a new framing of mobility This is where you is put a short of your project to issues onkick campus profit from interventions on several differthingstooff. Please keep to the available space. This is ent levelswhere beyond physical one. of your project to kick youthe putpurely a short description things off. Please keep to the available space. This is where you put a short description of your to kick things The aspired objective to make Citéproject Descartes an off. Please keep to the available space. This where you international demonstrating campus for issustainput a short description of your project to kick things off.

able city solutions to match its national standing in that field appears to be an ideal vehicle to push sustainable mobility approaches and give another LOW-TECH incentive to invest SOLUIONS in mobility infrastructure.

Actors involved Université Gustave Eiffel > to make their campus more legible and welcoming to incoming students, researchers, professors… EPAMARNE & Paris Vallée de la Marne > to support, fund and develop enhancement project of Cité Descartes and its demonstrating image to reconnect it via streets and roads to its surrounding. SNCF/RATP/Île de France Mobilités/SGP > by creating the Gare Noisy-Champs Grand Paris Express, they want to create “the sustainable city cluster of France” in the east of the capital. osso ile C

e Em

nu Ave nneau

Avenue

Avenue

éral de

du Gén

Gaulle

Municipality

ssonneau

Emile Co

d de evar

Boul college J. Wiener

RD 199 la Fontaine stadium collective kindergardern la Faisanderie

Grace

py N

Cham

school H. Wallon

Boulevard du Bois de

gymnasium du Nesles

esles

polyvalent secondary school R. Descartes

gymnasium R. Descartes

Bo

ule

school leisure center Gavroche

va

rd

Ne

wt

on

Avenue Blaise Pascal

University library Maison de l’etudiant

kindergarden les Abeilles gymnasium du Champy

Primary cycling infrastructure Secondary cycling infrastructure Leisure cycling infrastructure Existing cycing infrastructure EPAMarne project Proposed cycling infrastructure

RER

Axe de la Terre

Lot Y

Parc D‘activités de la Haute Maison

Etang de la Haute Maison

Stade de la Chateau Haute Maison Champs-sur-Marne

Noisiel RER

0,5 - 1,5 m

1,5 - 3 m

>3m

N

27


work

network

s where you put a short description of your project to hings off. Please keep to the available space. This is e you put a short description of your project to kick s off. PleaseMetro-minute keep to the available space. This is wheu put a short description of your project to kick things lease keep to the available space. This is where you a short description of your project to kick things off.

Please keep to the available space. This is where you put a short description of your project to kick things off. Please keep to the available space. This is where you put a short description of your project to kick things off. Please keep to the available space. This is where you put a short description of your project to kick things off. Please keep to the available space. This is where you put a short description of 1-2 m = 3 pt 2-3 m = 5 pt 3-5 m = 7 pt

Batiment Copernic

RER / GPE

LOT Y

merce /

ation / arch

ness

0-3 min

0-3 min

3-5 min

3-5 min

5-7 min

5-7 min

7-10 min

7-10 min

>10 min

>10 min

<10 min

7-10 min 5-7 min

N

250m

3-5 min

0-3 min

3-5 min

5-7 min

7-10 min

Travel time from Lot Y

Existing Wayfinding system

1,5 - 3 m

>3m

N

N

250m

>10 min

insufficient

good

0,5 - 1,5 m

ent inding N

unusable

Lot Y

Boulevard Descartes sufficient

bike parkings bike sharing

Travel time from the RER / GPE station

new bike lanes

Existing sidewalk quality

temporary pedestranization of the Boulevard

Residential building

pernic

Ba tim

en

Lot Y

Mall of Champy Supermarket and shops bike parkings bike sharing

BUS

3'

Noisy-Champs RER BUS

new bike lanes

7'

Vaugirard

Renoir 3'

Commercial axis

Te r

Avenue Ampère

re

bike parkings bike sharing

shared path bikes/pedestrians

new bike lanes

bike parkings

Champs-sur-Marne

e la

Noisy-le-Grand

xe d

3' 5'

Axe de la Terre BUS

3'

Restaurants and shops Academic building

Sport equipements BUS Plublic transports access

Proposed by the Master 2 International Expertise - Europe, Ecole d'Urbanisme de Paris, 2019/2020. © FERMO Giulia, G. MICALI DROSSOS Artaban, MORIN Romain, NEITZEL Mathias.

8'

IUT Marne-la-Vallée CROUS cafeteria

BUS

5'

6'

Pascal

Haute-Maison's Pond

Georges Perec UPEM Library

Copernic

BUS

CROUS UPEM

6'

8'

8'

Maison de l'Étudiant CROUS cafeteria International relations Student associations Dance school

5'

Centrif' BUS

13'

Sport centre Tennis, Rugby, Football

BUS

BUS

5' Einstein

Haute-Maison's Stadium

SenseCity

EAV&T

5'

Descartes Business Park Art Gourmand

BUS

BUS

Haute-Maison's wood

6' Galilée

UPEM - Rabelais & Lavoisier CROUS Lavoisier cafeteria Sports hall & Aquatic centre

BUS

Nobel

Lumières

UTOPIA Gamespace Fab-lab

“User experience” (UX) goes from the quality of infrastructure to the ease of finding one’s way, to the link created between the multiple mobility options and inter-modal transports. By improving the (soft) mobility on campus, we would increase interactions and campus life as well as promoting softer mobility patterns. The first struggle encountered is the poor quality of pavements, faced by the users on a daily basis. As a result, their movement is limited to only essential commutes, getting to work/university from the RER/bus station and viceversa. To have a better overview of the user experience of pedestrians in Cité Descartes each street of the campus has been assessed from a condition/quality and width point of view (maps top page). It has

28

3'

ENPC ENSG Tennis/basket courts

filtering the space between cars and public spaces

This map shows a selection of journeys in and arround the Cité Descartes. These journeys are differentiated from one another by their shade of blue. You can find the estimated time, in minutes, required to reach each point on foot. Please note that the cyclominute presents a simplified and altered vision of real distances and locations. Research laboratory Easy connection Services, places of sharing between two points (<2min) Green spaces Point of interest

bike parkings

10'

Les Ponts

Lot Y

Y Garden Foodtrucks Recyclerie

ESIEE

new bike lanes

1'

IFSTTAR &others EUP

CROUS Piano Bar

Commerce

Commerce

Cité Descartes Metro-minute Metro-minute Go and Walk ! Go and walk! filtering the space between cars and public spaces

Mail Bienvenüe Descartes MRS Restaurant

BUS

shared path bikes/pedestrians

8'

Restaurants and shops

tA

Avenue Ampère

re

bike parkings bike sharing

Residential building

Alexandra David-Néele UPEM

CITÉ DESCARTES

Commercial axis

Te r

5'

Mainstreet en

e la

3'

BUS

Ba tim

xe d

Post office &others

temporary pedestranization of the Boulevard

Alexandra David-Néele UPEM

tA

Champs-s/Marne

Boulevard Descartes

6' Celeste

FCBA UPEM - Bois de l'étang ESO - Osteopathy

Haute-Maison Business Park CFA Descartes

BUS

been discovered that the most useful services and attractions of the area (post office, castle ..) are only 15 minutes by foot.

After acknowledging that people are not eventually aware of the potentials of the area, the project of the Metro-minute came, based on the existing example of the city center of Pontevedra, Spain. The aim is to provide a very schematic map to teach people about the environment and how to move in it.


Seconda infrastruc

Leisure c infrastruc

Existing c infrastruc

EPAMarn project

Cyclo-minute

Proposed infrastruc

RER

Axe de la Terre

Lot Y

Etang de la Haute Maison

Stade de la Chateau Haute Maison Champs-sur-Marne

80

80

unusable 0-3 min

unusable

good unusable

insufficient

7-10 min 0-3 min >10 min 3-5 min

0,5 - 1,5 m

insufficient

sufficient

1,5 - 3 m

>3m

0,5 - 1,5 m

sufficient

1,5 - 3 m

good

>3m

good

5-7 min

7-10 min N

N

7-10 min N

250m

>10 min

250m

sufficient

good unusable

5-7 min

5-7 min

insufficient

sufficient

30

3-5 min

30

7-10 min 0-3 min >10 min 3-5 min

250m

>3m

80

insufficient 0-3 min

5-7 min

1,5 - 3 m

30

30

3-5 min

0,5 - 1,5 m

Noisiel RER

80

80

80

Parc D‘activités de la Haute Maison

0,5 - 1,5 m

>10 min

Existing cycling network quality N

1,5 - 3 m

0,5 - 1,5 m

N

Travel time on existing cycling network

This is where you put a short description of your project to kick things off. Please keep to the available space. This is where you put a short description of your project to kick things off. Please keep to the available space. This is where you put a short description of your project to kick things off. Please keep to the available space. This is where you Cité Descartes put a short description of your project to kick things off. CITÉ DESCARTES 25'

1,5 - 3 m

>3m

N

Travel time on proposed cycling network

N

250m

N

>3m

Projection of EPAMarne‘s strat

Please keep to the available space. This is where you short description of your project to kick things off. P keep to the available space. This is where you put a description of your project to kick things off. Please kee the available space. This is where you put a short des tion of your project to kick things off. Please keep to Olympic Nautic Centre Torcy available space. This is where you put a short descripti

Cyclo-minute Cyclo-minute Go and Go cycle! and cycle!

Outdoor activities centre Nautic sport centre Regional canoe committee Paris 2024 Olympic Site

Vaires-sur-Marne

Lac de Vaires-sur-Marne

1-2 m = 3 pt 2-3 m = 5 pt 3-5 m = 7 pt

Chelles

Marne River Gournay-sur-Marne

To Torcy

Bikeway Boucles de Marne

Champs-sur-Marne

Departement park of the Haute-Ile

To Paris

Batiment Copernic

Marne Quays

Green corridor park to the Marne - up-and-coming

Marne River Noisy-le-Grand

LOT Y

11'

Castle of Champs-sur-Marne

Champs City-centre

12'

RER / GPE

Classical Castle and its gardens

Shops and supermarkets Restaurants

BUS

BUS

Ampère

Education / Research Business Park Current Wayfinding 250m

N

Bois de Grâce

Post Office &other

Commerce / RER

Mont d'Est

Remarkable Post-Modern buildings Shopping Mall Cinema theatres Restaurants Sports hall

RER BUS

Existing Wayfinding system

Noisy Centre-ville 250m BUS

good

7-10 min

10'

4' 0-3 min

3-5 min

5-7 min

7-10 min

Haute-Maison's 250m Stadium

>10 min

BUS

ESIEE

BUS

Lot Y

Y Garden Foodtrucks Recyclerie UPEM - Copernic

Batiment Copernic

Haute-Maison woods

Pond of the Haute-Maison

12' 6'

4' Descartes Business Park

Haute-Maison's Business Park

BUS

BUS

Art Gourmand

CFA Descartes

RER BUS

BUS Public transport access

shared path bikes/pedestrians

new bike lanes

e la

Commercial axis

Te r

Avenue Ampère

re

shared path bikes/pedestrians

Commer

new bike lanes

bike parkings

Residential building

the existing/future station of Noisy-Champs. The aim is to show how easier and faster could be moving around the area with a non-motorized vehicle.

Avenue Ampère

bike parkings bike sharing

xe d

filtering the space between cars and public spaces

temporary pedestranization of the Boulevard

The cycling infrastructures are fragmented and discontinued. EPAMARNE designed new cycling lanes around the territory of Noisy-Champs. The idea is to continue drawing these lanes in order to have a cohesive Bmap. This means that there would atim en be a continuity of the master plan in order to integrate the Cité tA xe d Commercial axis Descartes. The map designed bye laour team is introduced as a Te rre mean of extending these lanes and proposing a possible drawing to be followed. This can serve as a base drawing for future improvements. In order to make this new cycling infrastructure more understandable by the users of the area, it has been designed the Cyclominute. The two main focal points are Cité Descartes and

Resident

Sport equipements

Remarkable monument Academic building

bike parkings bike sharing

new bike lanes

Existing sidewalk quality

temporary pedestranization of the Boulevard

Proposed by the Master 2 International Expertise - Europe, Ecole d'Urbanisme de Paris, 2019/2020. Ba © FERMO Giulia, G. MICALI DROSSOS timArtaban, MORIN Romain, NEITZEL Mathias.

tA

Boulevard Descartes

>3m

new bike lanes

This map shows a selection of journeys in and arround the Cité Descartes. These journeys are differentiated from one another by their shade of green. You can find the estimated time, in minutes, required to reach each point by bike. Please note that the cyclominute presents a simplified and altered vision of real distances and locations. Easy connection Shops between two points (<2min) Services, places for sharing Point of interest Green spaces Restaurants and food shops

en

Lot Y

1,5 - 3 m

N

bike parkings bike sharing

TravelNoisiel time from the RER / GPE station

Haute-Maison's Pond

3'

0,5 - 1,5 m

Shops and supermarkets Restaurants

N

Sport Centre Tennis, Rugby, Football

Travel time from Lot Y

Axe de la Terre

Noisiel Station district

>10 min

N

bike parkings bike sharing

insufficient

Boulevard Descartes sufficient

5-7 min

Theatre, theatres3-5 min 7-10 mincinema 5-7 min Shops and supermarkets Restaurants

unusable

Lot Y

0-3 min 3-5 min

5-7 min 7-10 min Noisy-Champs >10 min RER METRO BUS

<10 min

8'

Centre social et culturel Minimarket Shops

0-3 min BUS

3-5 min

12'

Commerce

bike parkings

filtering the space between cars and public spaces

As future sustainable cluster, it must exhibit the potential of soft mobility related to the environment and for a pleasant displacement. 29


KINETIC WALKING How to enhance users experience while magnifying their daily mobility? Using electromagnetic tiles and the kinetic energy created by the force set off by a single footprint, it has been planned to use users as the main driverâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s of this campusâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s mobility experiment. Taking into consideration that a single person walks approximately 7,500 steps, nearly 6 km, multiplying that amount by the totality of users on campus and harnessing this kinetic energy and redistributing it in order to power electric bike racks, billboards, usb charging stations, or even better street lampsâ&#x20AC;Ś It has been decided to work on two strategic locations to implement such a revolutionary technology. The first location is at the entrance of the existing/future Gare Noisy-Champs (GPE) and the second one would be in front of the containers located on the Lot-Y.

27 m

2.50 m

30


Mutualize my PARKING

Cité Descartes and its surroundings have approximately 6000 parking slots for the equivalent of 25000 users. Roughly 1900 of them are public/street parking and 2800 are privately owned with an additional 1200 underground parking lots owned by the companies occupying certain buildings (source: EPAMARNE masterplan). Parking-wise, we have observed that the total capacity was unequally used, encouraging users to go on street parking creating a concentration of cars at surface level. Underground slots are thus, not at all optimized. The ration is then of 1 slot for each 4 users while only of them (36% of 900 respondents in a previous survey) declared commuting by car. Such a ratio is particularly high in a regional Parisian context. 32% of declarants mentioned using their car to come work or study and barely relying on alternatives (public transports or bike). Moreover, considering the different horizons, 2025 (line 15) and 2030 (line 16), which will offer a considerable improvement of the accessibility to the campus by massive public transportation, as well as the drastic increase of bike’s modal share, we can foresee an overcapacity of parking slots. This great parking capacity is prejudicial for the campus since it consumes a lot of space. Using GIS, as well as open data and EpaMarne documentation, we estimated that surface parking covers about 14 hectares of the campus, the equivalent of 13% of the campus’ total surface. If EpaMarne already targeted many ground level parkings (public/private) for future estate developments, our aim to redistribute street space for pedestrians and cyclists requires an optimization of parking use. We suggest the “mutualization of parking”. It refers to an information system that would put in common much of the parking facilities in a designated area, giving birth to unified and global parking offer.

Graphics produced by Mathias Kneitzel

The mutualization of parkings offered with a mobile app allowing users to easily find a free spot around their work /study place and even reserve a spot under specific conditions. The outcome of such a system will automatically and evenly redistribute flows in order to optimize spaces according to the forecast that has been calculated prior during the conception period. Thus, we can imagine targeting underground and private parkings as a main priority to empty space in the streets and use it for other purposes such as bicycle lanes, urban agriculture and leisure. 31


4. Architects without Borders ASF Madrid | Pariticipatory approach | Building process of a skatepark in CaĂąada Real Galiana Madrid | Spain | Sept - Dec 2018

Giulia Fermo Marie Moens ASF Group

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ASF in Madrid | Cañada Real Architects without Frontiers (ASF) works on a street level, to demand, through direct action, that the Rights to Housing and the City become a reality. They should be part of the real nucleus of public policies of the governments both at the local level as much as at the autonomic and national ones, especially about housing, public space and city. In the area of ​​the Community of Madrid this group works in four main sectors of intervention:

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Barrier Improvement Right to the City Universal Accessibility Technical Assistance.

Currently ASF focus primarily on two actions: the search for a consensual solution that respects the Right to Housing and the City in the Cañada Real Galiana and the promotion of Universal Accessibility, based on participatory design. This neighborhood in particular has a length of 16 km. ASF has been started operating in this area back to 2013, developing relations between the inhabitants within themselves and with the area itself. Those people have been always living there, in an illegal way building their houses based on self-construction. The Municipality of Madrid tried to find or revise policies about this area, but the only thing that has been done is the eviction of some families. This happened due to various causes: the neighborhood next to this place wasn’t accepting the situation, it’s not a good image for Madrid [..]. These people just moved to another part of the district, building new houses. Basically, problem not solved.

Skatepark | Sector 5

Madrid | Cañada Real Galiana | overview of the distrct. to understand a bit more the scale which ASF operates at, in relation with all the interventions that have been scheduled. Unfortunately a better quality of the area wasn’t available on ASF website. Graphics produced by the author

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What ASF is doing is trying to create a connection between Cañada Real Galiana and the surroundings. Participatory design, mainly within this situation, is the key to realize this link. Stakeholders need to be take into consideration as active participants to allow them to understand how import would be for them, for the society and for the closer neighborhoods to solve their relations. The project where I personally took part in actively aimed to build a Skatepark within the distrct of Cañada Real Galiana. Through various workshops in order to understand how to design it plus active ones to build it, the game park was given to the neighborhood. It was fascinating to see how people, mainly children, and also us created this connection in such short time. Unfortunately not as many people as in the design phase had an actual role during the construction. Anyway, I still believe that participatory design is actually one of the ways that has the direct strongest impact in problematic areas such as this neighborhood in Madrid.

Cañada Real Galiana | Sector 3 to Sector 5 |Overview of a workshop with the neighbors about he realization of collective pathways all over the selected area highlighting the most relevant and crucial point

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CaĂąada Real Galiana |Sector 5 | In this part of the district it has been built a skatepark just right next to the Casina, one of the few places that can be enjoyed by all the neighbors of the area. It has been meant as a place to live, where people can just have a chat or play.

CaĂąada Real Galiana | Sector 5 | Skatepark opening party

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Profile for Fermo Giulia

Giulia Fermo_portfolio 2020  

Giulia Fermo_portfolio 2020  

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