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Santa María del Mar 1º Bachillerato D TID

 Alejandro Prego

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The Haiti’s earthquake The devastation created by the Haiti’s earthquake told day a day.

Contents: Page 2-4: Day a Day incident

Page 5-7: The situation one month later


One month later General Information Haití is a republic placed in the West Indies, sharing island with the Dominican Republic. It has a territory of 27.750 km2 and a population of 9 million people and a 95% is black. Most of this people live in the poverty. His capital city is Port-au-prince and the official languages are haitian and french. Be the poorest country in the Americas, makes him a place without many possibilities for improving. Because of his situation in the world, Haití, has been during the history a country that suffered many natural disasters such as the 2010 earthquake. A strong earthquake happenned in Haiti on January 12th.

The First Days: January 12 th ,13 th. And 14th The epicentre was near the town of Léogâne, approximately 25 km west of Port-auPrince.

January 12th: An strong earthquake of 7 in Ritcher scale appears in Haití. January 13th. : The UN fix the number of affecteds in 3 million people. About 20 countries announced the urgent dispatch of aid. The World Bank announced a donation of 100 million dollars and the first aircraft with aid arrives to the airport. US assumes Port au Prince whose operations. January 14th: The airport suspended some landing permits to the avalanche of international humanitarian aid. Begin to bury the corpses in mass graves.

January 15th, 16th and 17th January 15th: The UN asked the international community 560 million dollars (390 million euros) of emergency aid. January 16th: New tremor of 4.5 degrees and more looting. January17th: The UN general secretary, Ban Kimoon, arrives at PortPrince, which he claims that 'the whole country is devastated' and 'is the worst humanitarian disaster facing the international community for several decades. "18 January. U.S. prepares the arrival of 7,500 soldiers and EU approves aid 430 million euros.

Page 3 January 18th and 19th January 18th: USA prepares the arrival of 7,500 soldiers added to 5,800 already displaced to Haiti, despite the external criticism including the EU, for its strong military presence. The EU approved an aid of EUR 430 million. January 19th: Rescue the corpse of the Spanish national police subinspectora Rosa Crespo, third Spanish victim. Humanitarian aid begins to flow better. There are 52 teams worldwide, rescue 1,820 workers and 175 dogs. Found 90 people with life under the rubble. The WFP delivered rations to 200,000 people.

January 21st, 22nd and 23rd January 21st: Located the official of the delegation of the EU pillar Juárez, who disappeared in the UN building's lifeless body. The Haitian Government Announces evacuará 400,000 people homeless camps on the outskirts of Port-au-Prince. The UN receives donations of 195 million dollars and another 112 million pledges. January 23rd: Rescued alive a 24 years old man. There are already 500 the makeshift camps, where are huddled 610,000 people. OMS doesn’t detect outbreaks of communicable diseases.

January 25th January 25th: The International Conference of Montreal provides the basis to build "a new Haiti" recognizing that everything has changed after the earthquake and will take 10 years to recover. It is made the “Group of friends of Haiti” with the Dominican Republic, Spain, EU, Japan, World Bank, IMF and UN committed to promote economic and social development, and promote stability and respect for the rule of law. 235,000 people have abandoned Port-au-Prince to Gonaïves, Port-de-Paix and Jeremie, according to the Government and between 800,000 and 1 million live in temporary places.

“The earthquake kill 250.000 humans and 1.000.000 people lose his house”

Page 4 January 26th and 27th January 26th: In Port au Prince are seen some signals of comercial and banking recovery. The electricity is luxury in many neighbourhoods, which depend on generators. The international agencies haven't managed to establish a distribution mechanism of food and regular water for the whole needy population, who take help from his neighbours. January 27th: Groups of the EU rescue two persons two weeks after the earthquake. Already they are 134 the rescued persons alive. The IMF approves two lendings for Haiti for 114 million dollars. “The earthquake killed 250.000 humans and 1.000.000 people lose his house�

January 28th, February 1st and 2nd January 28th: The prime minister of Haiti admits that there are children's and organs traffic. February 1st: The USA announces that the military flights for the movement of serious injured men of Haiti to American territory will be resumed. February 2nd: The Haitian Government enters 200.000 dead men.

February 3rd, 6th, 8th and 9th February 3rd: Hundreds of Haitians in Port au Prince acusse the mayor of trading with the international help. February 6th: The economy ministers of the G-7 assembled in Canada, agree cancelling the debts of Haiti. February 8th: The president of Haiti calculates that the deaths because of the earthquake are 250.000. February 9th: A 28-year-old man is found alive among the ruins of a building.

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One month later

The victims One million people still live in the street in 492 makeshift camps. There are approximately 250,000 homes destroyed and only affected 272.000 have received so far building materials. Thousands of Haitians continue to queue at the doors of the Western embassies in search of a visa allowing them to leave the island and hundreds sought unsuccessfully walk across the border to the Dominican Republic. The schools are closed and still having problems of infrastructure.

The main requirements are water, orthopedic equipment,

Sanitary Conditions The Red Cross has provided medical treatment to 13,000 people and has distributed 15 million litres of drinking water. Nearly 800,000 people receive daily rations of water, but the permanence of unsanitary water can create health problems. About 37,000 families received blankets, kitchen utensils and hygiene kits. MÊdecins sans Frontières has tried to 13,000 patients and has been more than 1,400 operations.

anaesthetics and analgesics

Page 6 Help Solidarity with money contributed by Governments, institutions, NGOs and individuals around the world, as well as on numerous charitable acts of all kinds has beaten records and has surpassed the aid provided to help those affected by the tsunami of 2004 Indian. The call by the United Nations has covered already 95%. Spain is in the fourth place of the list of donors, with 34 million euros. Ahead are only United States (EUR 378 million), Canada (59 million) and Saudi Arabia (36 million). For USA, that has 13,000 soldiers in Haiti, is one of the major humanitarian deployments of its recent history.

Progress A month after the earthquake the situation has improved dramatically, from the UN coordination between 900 agencies help operating in the country. The conditions of reception at the airport are also better, and some services have already started to work in the capital. On the other hand, are less deaths in the streets, and there are police controls in some areas. Part of the coverage of mobile phones has been restored and some gas stations have been reopened.

Reconstruction The Haiti’s ambassador in Spain, Yolette Azor-Charles, has recently raised to 25 years from the 10 that were calculated initially a few weeks ago. Susana Arroyo, Intermón Oxfam, regional spokesman said that the main objective after the disaster is the recovery of people’s life conditions, but in a country where the 76% of the population live in the poverty is difficult to get good life conditions.

Page 7 Food The World Food Program is providing food rations to 2 million Haitians in 16 points of distribution, but thousands of people are starving. The price of imported rice has risen

Violence Violence in the streets continues to be a major obstacle to the reconstruction of the country. The looting have been reduced but continue to occur, and many NGOs operating in the area reported a significant increase of violations to women.

There are 63 million tons of litter that have to be removed

Spanish Presence The spanish minister of defence, Carme Chac贸n, explained that 450 spanish troops deployed in Haiti will be in the country "for a maximum period of three months until May 4", although she pointed out that this period "could be extended if the circumstances so required". The Spanish Haiti deployment costs 18.8 million euros.

Help for Haiti  

TID proyect about the earthquake of Haiti in 2010