Issuu on Google+

Qwertyuiopasdfghjklzxcvbnmqwertyu isTo.be.or.not.to.be.is.not.the.sddffsdfs fdquestion.The.question.is.who.to.be?p asodfghjklzxcvbnmqwertyuiopasdfghj klzxcvbnmqwertyuiopasdfghjklzxcvbn mqwertyuiopasdfghjklzxcvbnmqwerty uiopasdfghjklzxcvbnmqwertyuiopasdf ghjklzxcvbnmqwertyuiopasdfghjklzxc THE MACHINE OF LIFE(Pg. 3) vbnmqwertyuiopasdfghjklzxcvbnmqw Periodic Table of the Elements (Pg.6) ertyuiopasdfghjklzxcvbnmqwertyuiop Ever wondered, “How is asdfghjklzxcvbnmqwbnmqwertyuiopa chocolate made?” (Pg. 20) sdfghjklzxcvbnmqwertyuiopasdfghjklz

DAY.012

xc

mr

tyuiopasdfghjklzxcvbnmqwertyuiopas


F.F.V.

The.question.is.who.to.be?

Table of Contents THE MACHINE OF LIFE …………………………………………….…………. Pg. 3 Periodic Table of the Elements ………………………………………………….Pg. 9 World’s Most Shocking Disasters……………………………………………………..…Pg. 10 Me and my new school…………………………………………………………Pg. 15 Shakespeare In Trouble …………………………………………………………………Pg.17 How is chocolate Made……………………………………………………………Pg 20 Parts of Speech…………….…………….…………….…………….…Pg. 24 The History Of Stuff…………….…………….…………….…………….…Pg. 27 How to Write An Essay…………….…………….…………….……...…….Pg. 31

2


F.F.V.

The.question.is.who.to.be?

THE MACHINE OF LIFE

E

ach day 2,000 gallons of blood travel repeatedly through a huge network of

allow us to carry on with each and every one of the activities we perform every day. The question is: How does it actually works, what is behind this system that allow us to live? So pay close attention to the following description, and then you might understand some of the most common

question

about

the

circulatory system.

that extends across the body in a complex and perfectly organized branching system that covers up to 60,000 miles of blood vessels. Each time your hart pumps blood travels all the way to every single place of your body taking oxygen and nutrients and then returns carrying wastes that should be replaced again with more nutrients to repeat the process. The circulatory system is one of the indispensable systems of the body that works along with other system,

such

as

the

endocrine

respiratory

system,

and

Model of the Circulatory system (PEARSON e-text)

nervous system that all together

3


F.F.V.

The.question.is.who.to.be?

The simplest way to describe the

Circulation in the Human body is

circulatory system is by imagining

divided into two main parts that

it is a simple circuit which always

pertain to the same indispensable

begins and gets back to the heart.

cycle, the pulmonary respiration

Human circulatory system is a

which starts at the right atria that

closed, four-chambered circulatory

receives the deoxygenated blood

system. We share this kind of heart

form the body via the vena cava,

with

of

and passes it to the right ventricle,

mammals in the planet and some

which is in charge of pushing the

species of birds. Saying humans

deoxygenated blood to the lungs in

have a closed circulatory system

order for the respiratory system to

means that our blood, that made up

exchange the carbon dioxide in the

to 10 percent of body volume, is

blood for fresh oxygen from the

always confined into the heart and

environment. Once the blood haves

the blood vessels, these is the main

been loaded again with oxygen, it

difference between a closed and an

returns to the heart, but these time it

open circulatory system mostly

not only is ready to deliver oxygen

present in invertebrates and in

but comes into the heart trough a

which an equivalent of blood flows

totally different highway. These is

freely throughout the empty body

when systemic circulation begins,

of the organism. When you refere

at these stage blood has already

to a four-chambered heart you are

arrived to the heart it is received by

talking about the two atrium and

the left atrium that is mainly in

ventricles that are in charge of

charge of passing it to the most

moving the blood thought out the

important valve, the left ventricle.

body.

When the blood arrives to the left

every

other

species

ventricle it is pumped with enough

4


F.F.V.

The.question.is.who.to.be?

strength for it to travel all around

work properly, and it is because of

the body and back, it shall go to

that that the tiniest complication on

every

it

single

artery,

arteriole,

can

produce

serious

capillary, and get back througth

consequences. Having read the

every vain in your body. Once it

descriptions

had retourn to the heart the cycle

system is not enough to understand

can begin once again.

it vast and boundless functioning,

The circulatory system is about the most perfect machine on earth because each step of the presses shall be followed and accomplished with the most meticulous diligence in order for each cell in your body to receive the enough amount of oxygen and nutrients it needs to

on

the

circulatory

but is a first step towards the elimination of simple paradigms that might give a lose idea about it. The circulatory system and the organs

that

made

it

up

are

ultimately what allow us to live because if the cells don’t have energy to work they would die or stop functioning. human perfect

Although the body

is

a

machine that

brings it all together for working properly the circulatory

system

supports all the cells in the body that is why it is the ultimate machine of life.

Model of a human Heart (PEARSON e-text) m

5


F.F.V.

The.question.is.who.to.be?

Periodic Table of the Elements

D

uring

the

late

most important chemists of modern

1800ths there was

history.

a

chemistry

Mendeleev known now as the

teacher that had a

father of the Periodic table of the

great concern about the difficulty

elements, and although he managed

his students

to

experienced

while

His

arrange

name

is

substances

Dmitri

in

an

trying to learn about the substances.

innovative way and his organization

He realized that much of the

had prevailed over a century, it is

information about each element

important to understand who he

know by man was shallow, widely

was, what he really did and how he

dispersed around in a wild range of

arranged the elements, in order to

books and almost never stated a

be able to appreciate this geniuses

relationship

work.

between

different

substances, these were the reasons for him to decide to arrange the elements in a way that had never been tried by anyone before. This teacher turned out to be one of the

Dmitri Ivanovich Mendeleev was born in Tobolsk, Siberia in 1834. He died in 1907 in St. Petersburg, Russia. Mendeleev studied science

6


F.F.V.

The.question.is.who.to.be?

at St. Petersburg and graduated in

grouping them by its similarity of

1856. In 1863 he was nominated for

properties. He even managed to

the degree of professor and in 1866

predict the existence of some

he managed to be awarded as part

elements

of the Chair of the University.

discovered

by

Mendeleev is best known for his

anticipated

also

work on the periodic table because

properties the new elements might

he arranged the 63 elements know,

had.

that

haven’t the

been

time

some

of

and the

by that time, into a Table, he then published it in 1869.

His first

Periodic Table was made by of arranging the elements in rising order

of

atomic

weight

and

Since Mendeleev periodic table was published in 1869 way before the Rutherford model of an atom (first published on 1911), which was the

Periodic Table of the elements

7


F.F.V.

The.question.is.who.to.be?

http://viajealaquimica.blogspot.com /

first one to state that the atoms are

arrange the elements in the table

made of a nucleus with positive and

was based mainly on one single

neutral

by

principal, that all of the elements

multiple electrons with a negative

pertaining to a column should

charge

that orbit around it, it is

somehow be similar, for example

even more outstanding what Dmitri

the alkali metals on the first group

did, because he had no idea of how

of the periodic table, they are all

the atoms of the different elements

soft metals with lower densities that

were composed or how did they

react violently when exposed to

behaved. What Mendeleev did to

water.

charges

surrounded

8


F.F.V.

The.question.is.who.to.be?

The Periodic table is a visual

Mendeleev’s

representation of the periodic law

fundamental to understand and

stated by also by Mendeleev which

appreciate any other further study if

claims that certain properties of

chemistry,

elements

understand these properly a correct

repeat periodically when

arranged by atomic number. The

explanation

principals

and

in

was

order

is

to

needed.

advances that Mendeleev conducted on the field of chemistry set the presidents for all further studies on the elements and their composition, and although the original periodic table

had

been

modified

and

corrected several times nothing could have been done if it wasn’t for Mendeleev’s ideas. Concepts that Mendeleev manage to clear up were fundamental in any of the advances made after the publication of the periodic table, discoveries such as the different kinds of radiation, the existence of electrons and

their

importance,

the

development of any atomic model, wouldn’t have been possible if it wasn´t for the proper arrangement

http://www.britannica.com

of the elements. In conclusion a correct

understanding

of

9


F.F.V.

The.question.is.who.to.be?

WORLD’S MOST SHOCKING DISASTER Last year was a time of absolute

One after another, the sequence of

change on the planet. American and

misfortunes left the country in a

European economy were beginning

total

to see cracks in the system that had

country was devastated by the

been functional for decades and

power of nature people remained

halve the Middle East and Islamic

strong. Due to the stability of their

countries

into

unshakable culture of respect and

revolution. Apparently the world

acceptance the country managed to

made by human was about to

keep up with the expectations and

collapse. However, one of the most

catch up with a strong and balanced

shocking events last year was not

economy just a couple of months

even

humans,

after this catastrophe. Although

although our mistakes made it

Japan was cast down by a huge

worst and made the consequences

earthquake,

harder to manage for ourselves and

prevailed as a strong society and a

for the environment. Last year the

stable

Land of the Rising Sun was shaken

understanding

by a series of catastrophic events.

during these series of events and

were

provoked

burst

by

chaos

and

although

and

economy.

tsunami

the

it

That is why

what

happened

10


F.F.V.

The.question.is.who.to.be?

how did the country face the

Shikoku, are the four larger and

struggle

to

make up to ninety-seven percent of

understand which values should be

the nation's land area. These aspects

taken

sum up to build one of the most

would

into

lead

account

us

when

our

countries face similar situations.

volcanic and prone to earthquakes zones in the planet. Actually this

Japan is located along the Pacific

nation

Ocean’s

hundred earthquakes per year. It is

unstable

most area

geographically which

about

fifteen-

often

well known that on a typical day

referred to as the Pacific Ring of

some place on the country would be

Fire.

whole

affected by a minor earthquake, yet

country is an archipelago composed

every five or ten years the country

of over six thousand islands, though

is beaten by a tremor which is

Honshu, Hokkaido, Kyushu and

stronger than all of the others. For

Additionally

is

register

the

http://www.agoracosmopolitan.com

11


F.F.V.

The.question.is.who.to.be?

example 1923 and 1995 were some

degrees in the moment magnitude

of the darkest years in Nippon’s

scale used by seismologists to

history because of the earthquakes

measure the size of earthquakes by

that caused pain and damage in the

terms of the amount of energy

population. Even in times of trouble

released. Meaning that it was the strongest earthquake in the history of Japan and one of the five strongest in the world

since

modern

records began in 1900. Taking into account that the

earthquake

was

shocking by its self it is more surprising to realize that the tremor alone was http://earthquake.usgs.gov

not the most disastrous event.

Because

of

the

the whole country studs up to

earthquake’s movement on the sea

rebuild the ruins of cities. Families

ground, powerful tsunami waves

remained strong and keep going

were realized and directed straight

despite their terrible losses.

into the coast of northern Japan. Waves registered heights of up to 7

Although it seems as such the

meters and travelled up to ten

country hadn’t faced its hardest test

kilometers

until last year when the Grate East

Honshu, the main island of the

Japan Earthquake of 2011 brake the

archipelago.

The

sea

brought

records and registered up to 9.3

destruction

along

the

Pacific

into

the

island

of

12


F.F.V.

The.question.is.who.to.be?

coastline of Japan. The tsunami

situation was the worst it could be.

inundated a total area of about five

It is probable that when you work

hundred

along

and

sixty-one

square

Japanese,

they

would

kilometers. Powerful waves swept

consider what would be the best for

away cars and flooded various

each of people that make part of the

buildings as they traveled inland.

group and take into account all the

Damage by water was more deadly

possibilities to solve the conflicts,

and destructive than the actual

then try to come up with a solution

quake.

that haves in mind the opinions, believes and interests of all the

Last year events where hard to

people that make part of the group

manage for Japan and for the rest of

and that would bring prosperity to

the world but the Nippon nation has

everyone.

shown throughout its history that is

values of unity and acceptance are

one of the most confident and

what keeps a country strong, and

strong

planet.

without strength and team work it is

Japanese strong culture and society

impossible to face a disaster of this

has well established and defined

magnitude, it is important for other

notions

based

on

fundamental

countries to understand this because

concepts

such

as

respect

and

if these principals aren’t included in

each

the philosophy of some nations they

individual’s opinions and points of

would have a really hard time when

view, these is what allowed the

a catastrophe like these comes to

population to keep strong and carry

their hand

nations

acceptance

on

the

towards

These

fundamental

on with their lives, even when the

13


F.F.V.

The.question.is.who.to.be?

5 Words you should know about earthquakes! # 1 2 3 4 5 6 7

8

VOCAVULARY DEFINITION Crust top layer of the earth, which consists of solid rock. Epicenter Point directly above the focus or source of the earthquake. Focus Source of the earthquake inside the earth, where the rock first begins to break. Intensity Amount of shaking and type of damage at a particular location. It depends on the distance to the epicenter. Magnitude amount of energy released from the earthquake Mantle The layer beneath the crust Richter Scale Objective measure of the strength of an earthquake. It measures the degree of magnitude. Seismic Waves vibrations that move through the earth in a way similar to waves moving in water.

9 Seismograph 10 Seismologist 11 Tectonic Plates

12 Tsunami 13 Ring of Fire 14 Stress 15 Earthquake

instrument that plots the intensity of earthquake waves scientist who studies earthquakes. individual sections of the crust of the earth. They fit together like puzzle, but are always moving very slowly Large wave that spends out from the earthquake's epicenter and rushes across the ocean. the zone of earthquakes surrounding the Pacific Ocean A force that acts on rocks to changes its shape or volume The shaking and trembling that results from the movement of rock beneath Earth's surface.

14


F.F.V.

The.question.is.who.to.be?

Me and My New School I still remember when I was a little kid how remote and impossible was the idea of a new site for the new school, there where always people saying “oohh look in a few years we are going to have our new site� but most of us never really got to believe it, there was always grate expectation around what it could be but there never was a certain idea. Time past and around two years ago the decision was official: Rochester school was moving out of town! A the beginning it was quite a shock, and I was hard to get the idea, but as the progress in the construction site was evident and more quantitative each day the time of the change was each day getting closer. Eventually expectations stop being expectations and turned into huge realities that we are experiencing and enjoying now-a-days. The new site was just inaugurated in September, just a couple of months ago, and we are still trying to adapt to all the new things on it. Although there are many aspects from the infrastructure that are not completely ready yet we are trying to get the most out of what e have. Class rooms are just about perfect for learning, they keep a temperature that keeps you from getting distracted in class and keeps you to from getting too cold, it is just about a perfect balance between warmness and coldness. The light sensors on the sealing allow us to have a proper amount of light, just enough for reading and writing comfortably but not too much that will give you a terrible headache at the end of the day. Although the school is equipped with the newest technology like apple TVs and LED screen there have been some trouble with the application of it to the class work and yet we are in uncertainty about what is going to happen about it.

15


F.F.V.

The.question.is.who.to.be?

Rochester school is aiming for LEED certification on sustainable building meaning that everything in the school should be eco-friendly, for example the floors are made from an special material imported from Germany that is absolutely reusable and biodegradable, and other perfect example is the usage of the solar panels in the roofs of the building for producing part of the energy we use on our own instead of getting it from the energy company. In conclusion we are approaching a whole new era in education that hopefully could lead us to better and more complete education as well as a most sustainable way of caring it out, meaning that we also should learn to care for the planet instead of damaging it on our daily activities. Although there is still much to improve in the new site we are taking the best out of it and enjoying the moment.

New site buildings 3, 4, 5.

16


F.F.V.

The.question.is.who.to.be?

Shakespeare could actually be in Trouble!!!

A

theater play should

afternoon by telling stories to each

be more than people

other. This is how the terrible

reciting lines, and following a

collage of miss selected works of

conversation on a stage, especially

Shakespeare begins and goes on

when, you are trying to perform a

throughout the pantomime of 3

script written by one, if not the best,

theater plays that should deserve

theater writer ever. As long as you

respect and at least a decent

watch this terrible performance you

performance.

could believe without being in a total mistake that Mr. William Shakespeare was shaking his bones in anger and frustration in his centenary grave. The play tries to illustrate the life of 4 acting

The

tragedy

that

immediately

brings up what the play intends to do is placed on stage since the first moment. The play that gave a bright start to Shakespeare’s career was

ridiculously

adapted.

The

students that go thought a fatidic

17


F.F.V.

The.question.is.who.to.be?

feelings of impotence and despair

The second performance is trying to

of the tow young lovers whose

recover Macbeth’s suffering, but

deaths are the only event that

with a poor acting from a poorly

manages to unite their families isn’t

prepared actor it comes the staging

sensed on stage in any moment of

of one of Shakespeare’s most iconic

the acting. So since the beginning

characters that is

the ambient is ruined because it had

illustrate the devastating and self

trade off the surprise and mystery

destructive nature of mankind. The

around Shakespeare works, which

story deviate the focus into a

is one of its most important

romantic charade which not only

characteristics. making a decent

derides one of the greatest scripts

start take the expectative up to high,

ever but also lets a gigantic vacuum

only to let them fall into the

on the carrying on of the story. The

emptiness of the performance and

darkness and fight for power trough

gradually disappoint you further on

evil of lord Macbeth isn’t illustrated

across the about 2 hours of insult

at

these

Been

fortunately last execution of the day

predictable since the beginning is a

was supposed to be based on the

flaw but it is not the most important

tragedy of King Lear when the

one

The summarized vision of

main character comes into madness

Romeo and Juliet is the only decent

after stupidly dividing his domains

carrying on of the tree burlesque

between two of his three daughters

performances that day, yet it lefts

based

so much to expect and also few to

bringing tragic consequences for

recover.

everyone. With incomprehensible

pantomime

lasts.

all

along

on

the

expected to

play.

The

their compliments,

dialogs it impossible to follow the story as it crumbles to be the grates

18


F.F.V. farce

and

The.question.is.who.to.be? most

regrettable

performance of the day.

private life survive, and there has been considerable speculation about

Summing up the flaws of the juxtaposition of stories there is

whether the works attributed to him were written by others.

about nothing to rescue from these

Shakespeare produced most of his

catastrophic adaptation of such

known work between 1589 and

respected works of such a respected

1613.

author. The miss election of a

mainly comedies and histories. He

proper space to carry on with this

then wrote mainly tragedies until

awful presentation make it an

about 1608. In his last phase, he

absolute lose of time for those who

wrote tragicomedies

assisted to the theater. It is neither

collaborated with other playwrights.

His

early

plays

were

and

recommended nor worth to spend a penny on it and is was one of those performances that should be remembered only to ever repeat such a thing again. William Shakespeare was born in Stratford-upon-Avon. age

of

18,

At the

he married Anne

Hathaway, with whom he had three children. Between 1585 and 1592, he began a successful career in London as an actor, writer, and part owner of a playing company. Few

records

of

Shakespeare's http://www.shakespeare-online.com

19


F.F.V.

The.question.is.who.to.be? actually be now wondering where

Ever wondered, “How is chocolate made?�

all delicious chocolate bars and hot cocoa actually come from. To give a proper answered to this enigma we must narrate and go to the very beginning

of

these

series

of

complex processes and understand that each time we eat a chocolate bar or drink a delightful cup of chocolate milk there was a whole load of events, to transform the seed of a tree into the sweet candy

Many times you wake up really tiered in the cold morning, or you are lying around in your bead in a freezing and rainy afternoon. Those are the perfect times for you to have a warm cup of hot cocoa. Maybe when you are sad or just in a bad the mood you might go to the store around the corner and get a nicely warped chocolate bar. It will surely light up your day. Although you and most of the people might enjoy the sweetness of the chocolate many might not necessarily know where it comes from. So you might http://www.facts-about-chocolate.com m

20


F.F.V.

The.question.is.who.to.be?

you are putting into your mouth.

cacao was taken to Europe and then spread through the entire world.

The word chocolate has its origin in the Aztec word “xocalat” which in this

ancient

means

bitter

dialect, water,

ironically, these

is

probably due to the hot drink Aztecs prepared by mixing Cacao beans with chilly, water and a whole bunch of

other natural

ingredients that gave a distinctive bitter flavor to the drink. Cacao is the tree in which the Cacao pods grow. The scientific name for these unique specie of tree is Theobroma Cacao, these name comes from the Greek words Theos which means God and Broma which means food, meaning that cacao is considered as a the food of the gods. Theobroma Cacao is native from the tropical jungles

of

central

and

South

America, but since the Spanish colonization in XV century the

Now-a-days about 68 percent of the world’s cacao is cultivated in Africa and 98 percent of it is cultivated in only 15 African and Latin-American countries in the entire world. The cacao pods, are filled with a sticky white paste that cover the between 30 and 40 cacao seeds. The seeds, directly out of the pod, are incredibly bitter. After been take out of the pod the seeds, also called beans, shall go through a process of fermentation for a few days or a few weeks depending on the

quality

of

the

beans.

Fermentation intends to take out some of the bitter flavor of the beans, and after it beans shall go by a process of drying up in the sun or fire. Once the seeds had been dried up it can start its journey to the chocolate factory.

21


F.F.V.

The.question.is.who.to.be? step if to pill and crack the cacao grains, in order to get the nibs of the cacao that are the main ingredient to make a thick

paste

called

Cocoa

Liquor. Now there are two ways to go, making cocoa or making actual chocolate. To make Cocoa, the liquor pass through a Hydraulic press which

http://www.facts-about-chocolate.com m first step cacao goes trough The

takes out most of the fat on the

when it has arrived to the factory is

paste, this is used then to make

being checked and revised for

cocoa butter. Cocoa Butter aside

imperfections to prevent foreign

been used in the creation of

objects to get into the mixture. The

chocolate it is also used in the

cacao is then weighed and sorted by

industry

type so that the manufacturer

medicines. Once the paste had pass

knows exactly what type of cacao is

these step it is left to dry up and

going into the chocolate for the

then minced into actual Cocoa. To

flavor to be consistent time after

produce actual chocolate it is

time. Next, the cacao beans are

necessary to add ingredients such as

roasted

at

sugar, milk, vanilla and cocoa

temperatures between 210 and 290

butter in order to sweeten up the

degrees Fahrenheit. During the

mixture. The next step to follow is

couple of hours the roasting lasts,

to refine the texture of the mixture,

the beans bring out its chocolaty

to accomplish this the manufacturer

flavor and smell. The following

runs it by a series of mixers and

in

especial

ovens,

of

cosmetics

and

22


F.F.V.

The.question.is.who.to.be?

rollers and then adds up Soy

stress

Lecithin to give the chocolate its

Chocolate

smooth

the

antioxidants is proven to be helpful

chocolate is temperate by stirring it

to prevent cancer and heart diseases

while letting it cool down and then

and to reduce the level of dangerous

heating it up again. This process is

cholesterol in the blood. Not only

repeated several times. After been

chocolate is sweet and delicious but

temperate there is liquid chocolate

it is also somehow good for your

which is then poured into molds

physical and emotional health to

that give it shape and then it is left

have some chocolate now and then.

to harden. At last there is the actual

Now that you know the process by

chocolate and then it is packed and

which chocolate is made I hope you

ready to be sold in stores all over

can appreciate and enjoy some

the world.

more the next time you eat a bar of

texture.

Finally

caused

by

content

hard of

work. healthy

chocolate or have a cup of hot The creation of chocolate is a

cocoa.

complex series of processes that could take months to be preformed; it involves and gives work to CHOCOLATES :D!!! MMMM!!!

hundreds of people, form the grower in the plantations of

m

Theobroma Cacao trees to the Cashier in the supermarket that receives your money for the chocolate bar. It is well known that chocolate is proven to be helpful to fight against fatigue and

23


F.F.V.

The.question.is.who.to.be?

THE PARTS OF SPEECH

the preposition,

the conjunction,

and the interjection. Each part of speech explains

not

what

the

word is, but how the word is used in the sentence. Actually, the same word can be part of one group in one sentence and pertain to another in the next one. It is important to be able to recognize and identify the different types of words in a sentence so you can have a better

Learning what the parts of speech

understanding of the sentence its

are, is indispensable for the study of

self, to accomplish that you should

English language, just like learning

be able to understand what each

the alphabet is necessary to begin reading and writing. By learning what the parts of speech are you can start to understand how to build up strong and meaningful sentences and what each word’s job is when it comes to makes up a phrase. The parts of speech are the basic types of words that English has. Grammar usually classifies words based on eight different parts of speech that are:

the verb,

the noun,

the

pronoun, the adjective, the adverb, http://www.progressiveboink.com

24


F.F.V. part of speech is intended to mean. The eight different parts of should be at least part of a simple structure of the sentence which generally is made up of a Subject, an action, and a compliment. The subject is the person or object that develops the action and the compliment is intended to explain the action that was mentioned before. There are also words that go beneath each stage of the sentence and their

The.question.is.who.to.be? affects the next step to follow is getting to know what the words that represent the action are. These are Verbs, they express time while showing an action. Verbs can be action verbs which represent an actual action, linking verbs which express

a

condition,

transitive

which direct an action towards someone or intransitive that don’t direct the action towards anything or anyone.

objective is to complete the actual

Having already understood what

meaning of the phrase. Nouns

words might be used as subject, or

generally refer to a person, place,

used to describe the action we need

thing, or idea. The category of

to know what kind of are words

things might involve visible things,

used

ideas or actions. Pronouns are

sentence and the other parts of

words that are used to replace

speech. Adjectives are words that

nouns in the development of the

look to classify nouns or pronouns

sentence. Every pronoun has an

according

antecedent which is the noun it is

characteristics, generally answering

replacing. Knowing already that the

words like what kind, which one,

noun or pronouns are generally the

how many, or how much. Adverbs

object or person that carries on the

are

action or the object the action

adjectives, and affect directly the

as

used

compliments

to

to

some

modify

to

of

the

its

verbs,

25


F.F.V.

The.question.is.who.to.be?

noun in the phrase, they are

express the ideas in a much more

intended to answer questions as

organized way, and reading by

when, where, in what way, and to

being able to understand the real

what extent.

Adverbs are also

meaning of ideas expressed by

called intensifiers. Prepositions are

others. Although it might be a little

short words which objective is to

difficult to get the differences

make

between some of them at the

possible

between

a

other

relationship

words,

these

beginning, once you are used to the

relationship usually is of time or

change of jobs of some words in the

position. Other words that are used

different sentences you can easily

to

connect

ideas

are

the

understand the importance of the

Conjunctions

they

can

be

parts of speech.

correlative

and

coordinate

or

connect other words or groups of words. At last the Interjections are express a feeling or a emotion and are almost independent form the rest of the sentence. The

parts

of

speech

are

indispensable to have a proper use of

English

grammar

and

understanding their importance and the importance of using them appropriately might help to improve writing by applying this knowledge on paper, speaking by being able to

http://www.ccacaptioning.org

26


F.F.V.

The.question.is.who.to.be? that could afford the higher prices

The

on

the

market.

Understanding

where things of our everyday life come from would not make us

History

geniuses but at least would make us aware of how fortunate we are for leaving

in

an

era

where

communications and entertainment

of Stuff

are available for all, besides getting to know how things around us had evolved since their beginnings can

Usually you pick up your mobile

be pretty interesting.

phone, turn the TV on or open a web in your computer as an action

The Mobile Phones:

of your everyday life. It is not

During the Second World War the

surprising any more to receive a

need for troops to communicate

call from a person in the other side

was getting higher and higher every

of the city, or to be able to know,

day, to solve this issue the company

and see, the ultimate news from the

Motorola invented and distributed a

other side of the world, even getting

machine called the Handie Talkie

a message, an email, from someone

H12-16 which turend out to be like

in the other side of the world.

the great-grandfather of modern cell

Although it is not surprising to do

phones. By 1970 the technology

any of these stuff now there was a

was enough to create the first

time

mobile

generation of cellular phones that

communication was limited to only

were extremely big and heavy. By

a small group of wealthy people

1990’s the mobile phones had

when

the

27


F.F.V.

The.question.is.who.to.be?

reduced their size and where able to

trajectory of bombs and torpedoes.

send and receive text messages. By

Around 1943 a group of scientific

the year 2001 most of the cell

and mathematicians at Bletchley

phones were already digitalized and

Park near London created what was

had introduced new applications

considered

and utilities to them, for example

computer, they called it Colossus.

gaming, and mp3 playing. These

In 1947 the creation of ENIAC was

was the beginning of the third

the largest advance on the computer

generation of mobile devices

history until then. In the 1950’s

the

first

technology

electronic

allowed

the

components of computers to be smaller and more powerful. During the late 60’s

the

transistor

on

computers was turned into one

single

and

smaller

piece, this together with the development

of

the

microprocessor in the 70’s

http://indicelatino.com/

The Computers: The first analog computers were made up of a complex system of gearing and where intended to solve complicated

mathematical

operations. During world war two they were used to calculate the http://inventors.about.com

28


F.F.V. set

The.question.is.who.to.be?

the precedents

to

modern

didn´t had a regular schedule.

computers. Any other advancement

Programming began in England in

from now to then had been in the

1936 and the United States in 1939.

interface, and in the improvement

Scheduled

of possessing in a much more

interrupted during World War II

broadcasts

were

reduced space that makes our computers each time more powerful and portable. The Television: In its beginnings television utilized

a

optical,

combination mechanical,

electronic

technologies

of and to

capture transmit and display a series of images, but during

http://indicelatino.com/

the 1920’s there was a change to an only electrical and optical system although

the

principals

of

electromechanical television was crucial

to

electrical

television

development further on the. The first public television broadcasts were made in England by the BBC in 1927 and in America by CBS and NBC in 1930. Both used mechanical systems and programs

and resumed when it finished. Since the 1970s, with the appearance of the

color

TVs,

televisions

experienced tremendous growth as the

television

audience

was

increased by millions. The Videogames: The firs videogame ever was created by William Higinbotham in

29


F.F.V.

The.question.is.who.to.be?

1958 the name of the game was

types and genera of game as action,

"Tennis for Two" and consisted of a

adventure and role playing.

ball intercepted by two bars in opposite

sides

of

the

screen.

Hingbotham never patented his invention,

so

it

was

then

commercialized by Atari in 1972 with the name of Pong. Later in 1962 a professor of the MIT created the game Spacewar, it was the first game to be intended to be played in a

computer.

In

1966

the

development of the Light Gun was the beginning of modern arcade gaming. In the mid 1970’s gaming

Even the most common objects had being in constant evolution since the beginning of the past century and generally we don’t appreciate what a whole load of work have been put into objects of our everyday life although many of these stuff are completely normal now-a-days they where a great break through when the humanity fist realized such a thing was possible.

as we know it today began with the creation and commercialization of consoles like the Atari and the first Generations of Nintendo. As the development of home consoles continued the creation of mobile consoles began being leaded by enterprises

as

Nintendo

and

Microvision. Mid 1980’s was the golden age of arcade video gaming. By 1990’s technolpgy was far more

http://inventors.about.com

advanced and allowed different

30


F.F.V.

How to Write an Essay: Sometimes for work or for the school you are requested to write an essay. Then you might be shocked just by the idea of sting in front of the computer and start writing about some random or specific topic. Maybe sometimes while you are writing your essay you might be confused and out of ideas to put into words, maybe even you might

The.question.is.who.to.be? realize that you began talking about something and end up talking about other totally different think. Then you might need some help to improve your writing, and catching some advice on how to write better essays might be really helpful. The first and fundamental step to write a good essay is to understand that an essay is a text in which the author expresses its point of view towards something, these is why you have to clear up your opinion since the beginning. An essay is usually made up of three main parts: the introduction, the body or development, and the conclusions. In the introductions you will have to consider two main objectives, first one is to get the reader to be interested in what you are writing about, because a good essay should at least be entertaining to read, and if you get your reader to be interested since the beginning you might be able to get it to share your point on view at the end. The second objective that is directly linked to the first one, as it is to express clearly what is your opinion about the topic you are writing about and how you are going to develop during the text.

31


F.F.V.

The.question.is.who.to.be?

Screen shot of an essay

Once you are done with the introduction you should start thinking about the body of the essay, these is the place where you should start thinking about making research on the topic you are writing about because knowing the information it would be easier to transmit your knowledge. You should always consider that the reader might have different opinions and questions about your

writing that is why you should try to predict what their doubts might me and try to solve them as you write. During the body of the essay the most important think is to provide evidence of your opinions and try to explain why you believe on them. It is fundamental to differentiate between facts and opinions. Getting closer to the end of the essay you should be able to summarize the most of your ideas and arguments in a way that shall remain in the mind of the reader and to conclude your writing with a note that makes your reader want to share your ideas. Hopefully after reading this you might include some of these knowledge in the construction of your texts and have a positive mind towards the writing of the essays because they are a fundamental type of text that probably is going to be present in most of the places you go.

32


F.F.V.

The.question.is.who.to.be?

33


F.F.V.

The.question.is.who.to.be?

34


F.F.V.

The.question.is.who.to.be?

35


Magaxzine English 1th Bimester