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Customer: Ms. Budd Animal: Kangaroo Report by: Felicia Ferentinos

Kangaroo Report The kangaroo is an herbivore which means that they only eat plants. The types of food that the kangaroo will eat are grass, shrubs, leaves, stems and they will also eat shoots to. Kangaroos are mostly nocturnal that means that they are more active at night and they will sleep during the day. That means that they are nighttime feeders. When they are in the wild then they will usually graze on grasses. They will also spend their time eating during dawn (day) and sometimes at dusk (night or evening). When a day is cloudy and it is cold enough. Then these animals will start to eat during the day time. There are some species of kangaroo that can go for a week or even months without drinking any water because they usually get their water from the plants that they eat. Kangaroos are grazing animals. These animals do not hunt for their food. They are usually hunted by other animals that is in the area. The food that the kangaroos will mostly eat is grass. The other food that they will mostly eat is leaves that are on shrubs. They can go for a very long time without water. The tree kangaroos will eat leaves and fruit. Kangaroos can shallow their food with out even chewing it and then later the kangaroo will regurgitate a cud and then they will start to chew it. Kangaroos only need a little bit of water. These animals can go for months with no water in them. These animals can also have the ability to dig up their own water wells. Kangaroos are really big herbivores. They will feed on grass and on roots. These animals will also eat chew cud. The head of the kangaroo kind a looks like the head of a llama. All the species of kangaroo are all nocturnal and crepuscular, they will usually spent their days idling quietly that happens in the cold evening, nights and also in the morning to. They will move and eat at the same time. Kangaroos only live on the continent of Australia. They can also live on New Guinea. The


habitats that they live on are wet forests that can be located on New Guinea. These animals can also be seen on open forests. These animals mostly live in East Australia and on Tasmania. They can also be found on the Indonesian islands that are on New Guinea. These animals can also be found on surrounded islands. The Kangaroo lives in so many different types of habitats like they can live in forests woodland areas, grassy plains and on the savannas. In century’s ago kangaroos used to live in New Zealand. The Eastern grey kangaroo lives in Tasmania. The big-footed bouncing kangaroo can live in some parts of Australia like in the islands of Tasmania. These animals can also be found in New Guinea. They can also be seen on the neighboring island that is on the north of Australia. Over the years people have brought these animals outside of their natural homelands. Like for right now they are living in New Zealand, Great Britain, and they can also be found on Hawaii. The red kangaroo lives in the scrub and they can also be found on the open grasslands this also includes arid and on semiarid areas. These animals will also live in Central Australia. They can also live in north eastern and on the Southeast coasts and on Southwest of Australia they can also live on Tasmania. The kangaroos that are the most common is the red eastern kangaroo and the western kangaroo. These kangaroos are the biggest kangaroos in the world. The males can weigh about 200 pounds (91 kilograms). The females can weigh a half then the males. The smallest species of the kangaroo and it can weigh about 1 pound (454 grams) and this kangaroo is the only one in the species that does not have the ability to hop like the other kangaroos that are in the family. The red and the grey kangaroo can stand about five to six feet tall. Most kangaroos can weigh about 50 to 120 pounds. There are some kangaroos that can weigh about 200 pounds. The size of the kangaroos body is 3 ¼ -5 ¼ ft (1-1.6 m). The size of the tail is mostly 3-3 ½ ft (90cm-1.1m). The body length of the kangaroo is 1.5m and they can weigh about 91 kg. The tallest male kangaroo can grow about 6 feet (1.8 meters) tall. The musky rat kangaroo can grow about 8 inches (21 centimeters) tall. They can weigh about 200


pounds (90 kilograms) the weigh of the red kangaroo is 12 ounces (340 grams) that is also like the same size as the musky kangaroo. The size of the red kangaroo is 2m (6 ½ ft) tall and they can weigh about 90 kg (200 lbs). The red kangaroo can grow about 29.5-63 in (75-160 m). Their tail length is 25-47 in (64120 cm) their height when they are upright then they can be 6ft (1. 8m). Their average weigh is 37, 5-198lb (17-90kg). The males can weigh twice as mush as the females. The grey kangaroo can live about 18 years. When these animals are in the wild then they can live about 6 years and when they are in captivity then they can live about 20 years. The average life span for a kangaroo is when they are in the wild that is between six to eight years. The red kangaroo can live about 15 years. There are some species that can live about 7 to 18 years it really depends on the species. The average age when they are in the wild is less then 10 years. There are some species of the kangaroo that have been known to live this long and that life span is 20 years old. The normal life span for these animals is 23 years that is the life span when they are in captivity. Their other average life span is between 9 to 10 years old. There are some species that can also live about 28 years to. There are three subspecies of kangaroos that are alive today and those kangaroos are the red kangaroo which is well known to be the largest one of the kangaroo species. The other kangaroo species is the Eastern grey kangaroo they are known to be the heaviest of all the kangaroo species but they are not as tall as the red kangaroo. The last species of the kangaroo is the western grey kangaroo. These kangaroos can be found in big numbers and they can be seen in lots of different colors like they can come in grey and brown. There are only four true species of the kangaroo and those kangaroos are red eastern kangaroo, the gray kangaroo, the western gray kangaroo and the antilopine kangaroo. There are 50 other close relate species like the wallabies, the tree kangaroo and the pademelons. The red kangaroo can be a really fast hopper these kangaroos can hop about 3m (10ft) that is when they are hopping in the air and when they need to hop forward then they will hop at least


about 10m (35ft). The kangaroo has a muscular design that can help them to move in any way that can be unique to macros that is called salutation this means that these animals can hop on both of their feet so that they can push themselves off of the ground they can do this at the same time. The biggest species of the kangaroo family can cover over 15 feet (7 meters) per hop when they are crushing at their top speed and they have been clocked at many times as 30 miles per hour (48 kilograms per hour) in really short bursts. Just like a perpetual motion machine these animals can hop so fast that gives these animals the power to keep on moving without expending a lot of energy. It is a really known fact that kangaroos can lose their energy when they are hopping at least 20 miles per hour (32 kilometers per hour). They can do this by the power of their legs. They have powerful muscles and tendons that can work together that can help the kangaroo to move efficiently. The red kangaroo can speed up about 40kph (25 mph). Kangaroos have a very special way for breathing that helps them to save lots of their energy when they are hopping. When a dingo runs then they can use their energy to move their chest muscles and that can help them when they are breathing. The kangaroo’s body works really different then any other mammal because when their feet is pushed off from the ground then the air will start to pumped out of the animals lungs. When the legs are stretch forward then the lungs will start to expand and they will also start to fill. The kangaroo’s chest muscles are not used to move air in or out. So that the kangaroo can save its energy for hopping. The red kangaroo can move around for 15 miles (24 kilometers) per hour. When they are being chased by a predator then they will start to pick up the paces. These animals can increase the length of each hop. The numbers of their hopping skill always stays the same. The fastest speed for a kangaroo can go for 21 miles (34 kilometers) per hour. These animals must increase their hopping rate. Scientists have studied the red kangaroo by clocking the racing of the kangaroo of the rate of 31 miles (50 kilometers) per hour. At their very top speed the kangaroo can reach down to once


every 23 feet (7 meters). The hopping skills are very helpful for escaping a predator. The kangaroo can hop really high when it is going up and down. The kangaroo would rather spring forward then going up and down but when they are facing with obstacles like bushes or a fence. It is way easier for a kangaroo to hop up then over it. They have been seen for hopping over 10-foot (3-meter) fences. This skill can give these animals an edge over their predators that they face. When they first hear any sign of danger then they will quickly bound away. The faster the kangaroo sense the danger the move that they will be able to escape from the predator. That is the reason why the kangaroo always has to be alert by looking, listening and sniffling at any sign of danger that comes to them. The kangaroo has very big and very powerful hind legs these legs are used for leaping. They will use their muscular tail for balance and these animals also have very small heads. The kangaroo can hop over about 40 miles per hour (74 kph) and they can also go over 30 feet (9m) in a single hop. When these animals are standing then they can use their muscular tails as an extra leg. Kangaroos live in a group and it is called a mop, a troop or a herd. Kangaroos are really social animals. Have you ever thought of a kangaroos famous jabbing and boxing as macropad sign language. The behaviorists who study the kangaroo say that the jab is just one part of the whole vocabulary of glances, hisses, avoidance hops, kicks, punches, gentles touches and grooming. Behaviorists that have discovered the steps that the kangaroos will take to get to know each other in the group they can do this by using mirror development of their friendship. Baboons can also do this to. When the kangaroo feels that danger is near then the kangaroo will alert the members that are in the mop by thumping their feet very loud on the floor. These animals can communicate with each other by grunting, coughing and hissing. When a mother kangaroo needs to call her younger then she will make a cluck sound. These animals can also travel together to. In a kangaroo mob a group of kangaroos can hold about ten or even more males and females that can be


found in a kangaroo group. The dominant male is called the boomer they are called this because of their size or age. The boomers job is to be in chance of all the mating that goes on in the mop. Sometimes the boomer will sometimes find himself wander in or out of the mop so that he can check on the females and the intimidating the other males who want to mate with the females that are in the mop. The female kangaroo has been called lots of different names and those names are doe, flyer, Jill or even a roo. The male kangaroo has also been called lots of different names to and those names are bucks, boomer, jack or old man. The males will start to grow bigger and stronger through their whole lives. The collective noun for the kangaroo is the mop, troop or the court. The largest species of kangaroo are really social animals. These animals can graze together and they can also travel together to. The group of a kangaroo can hold about 2 to 50 members that can be put in a kangaroo group. The tree kangaroo and lots of wallabies and wallaroos they rather live by themselves that means that they are solitary animals that means that they do not live in a group or in a family. The fastest of all the kangaroos is the female red kangaroo they can reach the speeds of 35 mph of short bursts of up about 45 mph. when a male kangaroo battles with another male then they will start to lock forearms or jab at each other and then they will try to push the other one off balance that was the last resort. They will also use their powerful hind legs to battle each other to. But that means they will have to be extra careful so that they do not slash each other with their very sharp claws unless they really do mean business. Kangaroos have very big feet that is the reason why they can not walk normally. When the kangaroo really needs to walk really slow then they will use their tail to make a tripod with it’s tail to make a tripod with it’s two forelimbs so that they can raise to their hind feet forward in a form of location that is called “crawl-walking,” kangaroos have been known for jumping a phenomenal distance. The kangaroo is known to be the biggest marsupials in this animal group. There are other animals in this group that also includes


the koala and the common brush tail possum. Marsupials are really different then the other mammals on earth because they can give birth in a pouch which can be found on their bellies. This is how these animals can carry their young. The kangaroo’s natural predators are now extinct and those animals are the thylacine and the marsupial lion. Today the kangaroo’s only predator is a really wild dog that is called the dingo. The dingo started to become the kangaroo’s predator in Australia in 5,000 years ago. Dingoes are one of the predators that the kangaroo has to worry about. Just like the dingo and the other canids that is in the species of these animals that also includes the fox and the feral cat and these animals have pose a threat to the kangaroo population just like they do with the other animals that is in this continent. The kangaroos and the wallabies are really good swimmers and they can also flee in waterways it depends of the present is with the option that is being pursed into water. The bigger species will use their forepaws to hold down the predator under the water so that they can drown it. The other good defensive that the kangaroo can do is catching the attacking dog with their forepaws and with their disemboweling they can do these skills by using their hind legs. There are some species of kangaroo that really enjoy grooming each other. Social grooming is not really common with the bigger species of kangaroo. There are some kangaroo mothers that can groom their babies. All of the females that are in the mop always groom each other. Grooming helps a lot in a kangaroo mop because it helps keep their family strong and healthy and it can also help them to stay clean. The female kangaroo which is called a doe and their relates will usually give birth to a really tiny newborn kangaroo. They will make a really great journey across their mother’s stomach so that the younger can safely reach the mothers pouch. The females will be ready to mate when they are 18 months and when they are 3 years old. The males will be ready to mate when they are about the same age as the females and that is 3 years old. When the males want to mate with a female then they will start to fight other males that will also want to mate with the


females. This starts to happen during the breeding season. The pouch can be no bigger then a bumblebee. The babies are blind so it is really hard for them to get out of their mother’s pouch. So they will have to use their forelimbs so that they can get out of the pouch. The baby kangaroos can have the same size as a snake-like motion that can be over then six inches that is from their birth canal to their pouch. When they are inside of the mother’s pouch. A male will also fight for them for a chance to mate with the females. The males will fight with each other by kicking and boxing with the other males. The male will make a snort so that he can warn the other male to stay away. If one of the males wins then he will have a chance to court with the females and they will do this for one or two hours before he can activity mate with her. When the babies are inside of the mothers pouch then it will start to immediately wrap their mouths around one of their mother’s four nipples. Then the joey does not let go until it is three mouths old. A baby kangaroo is called a joey. The very small joey will not be able to leave its mothers pouch for good until it is about eight or ten months old, but it will still poke its head out of the pouch from time to time when it wants to drink milk from it’s mother. The females pouch is located on her belly that is made by skin so that they can cradle the baby joey. A baby joey can grow about one inch long (2.5 centimeters) at birth that is like the same size as a grape. After the joeys’ are born then the joey will start to travel unassisted that can go through their mother’s thick fur so that they can be comfort and so that they can be safe in the pouch. A newborn joey can not swallow or suckle they do not even need to know these skills because their mother can use her own muscles to pump the milk down its throat. When they are about 4 months old then the joeys emerges from the pouch for very short trips and so that they can graze on the grass and on really small shrubs. When it is 10 months old then that is the time that they can be mature enough to take care of themselves. The females will usually give birth to only one joey at a time. The newborns can weigh about 0.03 ounce when they are born that is like the same size


as a lima bean. After they are born then the joeys’ will start to learn how to crawl into its mother’s pouch. This is the time when they are nursing. This is the time when they are nursing from their mother and then they will continue to grow and develop. The red kangaroo joeys’ will not be ready to leave the pouch until they are more then eight months old. The gray kangaroo babies will be ready when they are almost a year old. A mother kangaroo can give birth to only one baby there are some species that can have four babies it really depends on the species. The size of a joey is 0.2 to 0.9 inches (5 to 25 millimeters) that is like the same size as a grain of rice or a size of a honeybee. The babies will reach maturity when they are 2 to 4 years that is for the males. For the females it will be about 14 to 20 months. There are so many different types of kangaroos there are about 20 of them that is in the smaller species that are now being threatened. They are getting hurt because they are being driven away from their feeding grounds that are being taken over by domestic animals and by mining, agriculture, and limber interests. There are some species that are being preyed on by introduced animals like the red fox and the common house cat. The bigger species of kangaroo are having a much bigger problem because they are reproducing so rapidly that their population surveys that are being taken away from the kangaroos. The kangaroos are also being culled. All of these species are being studied by scientists they are also looking for ways of introducing that means they are putting the kangaroos under birth control that is being put into salt licks. The kangaroos are also being hunted for meat and for hides. The introduction that means domestic herbivores these animals are the sheep, cattle and rabbits they are increasing the computation for a lot of plants that may cause food scarcity in times of drought. The total of the kangaroo population depends on the rainfall. When the rainfall is really high then their population can be up about 12 million. When the rainfall is low then their population will drop to 5 million. Females are not able to conceive during the drought and the males may stop producing a sperm. Even through the


kangaroos are really not commercially farmed. The ones that live in the wild are often being hunted by human hunters. People hunt the kangaroo for sport, meat and for their fur. When the farmers are conserving the graze lands for their sheep and for their cow. Australians are working very hard to help save the kangaroo and also to find the proper balance that is between the kangaroo species and people. Together we can save the kangaroo from disappearing forever. That is what I know about the kangaroo.


Kangaroo report for ms budd