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Bem vindos ao “Inglês no Enem 2016”

Neste e-book você encontrará dicas e conteúdo para se preparar para a prova mais esperada do ano.

“ É FAZENDO QUE SE APRENDE A FAZER AQUILO QUE SE DEVE APRENDER A FAZER.” - Aristóteles -

Mãos à obra!

Equipe FCEnglish.

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O inglês começou a fazer parte da prova do Enem a partir de 2010, e desde então nota-se que a habilidade que se espera dos candidatos na matéria de língua estrangeira é interpretação. Para a disciplina de língua estrangeira o aluno pode optar entre inglês e espanhol, mais de 50% dos candidatos escolhem o inglês e desses somente 45% se destacam na matéria. Acompanhe alguns pontos interessantes a se observar na prova do Enem. Atualize-se É importante o aluno se manter atualizado sobre tudo o que está rolando no momento, o candidato deve estudar assuntos diversos (meio ambiente, política, terrorismo, comportamento, tecnologia, saúde, mídia, etc ) jornais e sites norte americanos e ingleses são ótimas fontes de conteúdo para se manter atualizado e por dentro de todas as novidades. Não foque em gramática Como foi citado no inicio do texto a principal exigência do Enem é a leitura e interpretação do conteúdo apresentado. É importante os candidatos aprimorarem suas habilidades de leitura e compreensão para tal os alunos devem tem bom conhecimento em vocabulário. Deve-se ter em mente que os textos mais usados nas provas são os (charges, noticias e musicas) sempre terá uma pergunta interpretativa relacionada a esses temas. É importante que os alunos saibam diferenciar em qual sentido as palavras estão sendo aplicadas na sentença, por exemplo, identificar se são substantivos, verbos ou adjetivos. Veja: I love her – verbo | Love is in the air – substantivo | He is in love – adjetivo Se o aluno tiver essa capacidade de identificação a interpretação se tornará muito mais fácil. 3


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OS QUATRO CONHECIMENTOS NECESSÁRIOS

1) Conhecimento geral (mundo) O nome já diz tudo, para preencher está lacuna leia e se informe um pouco de tudo, até mesmo das coisas que não lhe causam interesse o importante aqui não é o que é interessante, mas aquilo que possivelmente possa ser abordado na prova. Os assuntos que tiverem em mais destaque na mídia nacional e internacional são fortes de candidatos a parecerem na prova (terrorismo, aquecimento global, assuntos políticos, geopolíticos, econômicos, cultura e entretenimento).

2) Conhecimento léxico e semântico Esse conhecimento nada mais é do que saber os significados das palavras. É importante lembrar que não se deve ter somente o conhecimento de forma isolada e sim das expressões, combinações, gírias e ditados populares. Confira nossas dicas de phrasal verbs e idioms nesses links: LINK PHRASAL VERBS LINK IDIOMS

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O S QUATRO CONHECIMENTOS NECESSÁRIOS 3) Conhecimento de gêneros textuais Não se assuste com o termo, conhecer o gênero do texto é saber identificar o mesmo. Ou seja, é entender aquilo que está a sua frente, do que se trata aquele texto. Pode ser uma receita de bolo, uma carta de cobrança ou de amor, um artigo, reclamação, agradecimento e por aí vai... O vocabulário usado no texto te mostra do que se trata o assunto que está sendo levantado e se você faz essa analise a interpretação do texto fica mais simples, ainda mais se falando de língua estrangeira, mesmo que você não conheça todas as palavras do texto se entender o contexto já será de muita utilidade.

4) Conhecimento sintático Hora de lembrar-se das aulas de português quando o professor pedia a análise sintática das frases, que era identificar a organização das sentenças, as estruturas, tempos verbais, saber diferenciar adjetivo de advérbio. A análise sintática traz essa organização que todo idioma demanda, no inglês sabemos que o adjetivo vem antes do substantivo isso é um exemplo super básico, mas não deixa de ser conhecimento sintático.

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Vocabulário Quanto maior for seu vocabulário melhor, e maiores serão suas chances de se dar bem na interpretação de textos, mas se você precisa de uma turbinada a melhor forma de adquirir vocabulário é lendo, leia tudo que puder quanto mais, melhor. Através da leitura você vai ficar mais atento quanto aos (false friends) falsos cognatos, nem sempre uma palavra é o que aparenta ser, veja alguns exemplos: Argument: discussão Cigar: charuto College: faculdade Motel: hotel de beira de estrada Prejudice: preconceito Tax: imposto Preservative: conservante Realize: perceber Resume: currículo A seguir você terá uma sequencia de exercícios de provas anteriores do ENEM para praticar. Para uma boa preparação , você precisa ler matérias de jornal, revistas, sites e fazer muito exercício!

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EXERCÍCIOS DE PROVAS ANTERIORES ENEM 01) Na embalagem de um produto lê-se: “Para mais detalhes sobre os nossos produtos, disque 0800-000333000 – Night & Day – ou acesse nosso site www.grom.com” Pode-se afirmar que: A) Os serviços de atendimento ao consumidor funcionam 24 horas por dia. B) O atendimento através do serviço é feito em língua inglesa. C) A empresa dificulta o contato com os consumidores dos seus produtos. D) É necessário ter computador para entrar em contato com o atendimento. E) O atendimento ao cliente é feito somente por telefone. 02) Atualmente é comum encontrar em embalagens e propagandas de inúmeros produtos termos e expressões em línguas estrangeiras tais como “natural colors” e “for kids”. Isso ocorre, porque: A) não temos, em língua portuguesa, palavras equivalentes. B) os consumidores, no Brasil, falam fluentemente línguas estrangeiras. C) se imagina que o uso desses termos confere maior requinte aos produtos. D) houve um aumento do número de imigrantes no Brasil nas últimas décadas. E) é indiferente o uso de termos estrangeiros para especificar um produto

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03) Na bula de pílulas anticoncepcionais lê-se: “This product does not protect against HIV infections AIDS and other sexually transmitted diseases.” Pode-se afirmar que o medicamento: A) Protege apenas contra as doenças sexualmente transmissíveis. B) Diminui o risco de contágio da AIDS e de outras doenças. C) Não protege conta a AIDS e outras doenças sexualmente transmissíveis. D) Evita AIDS e outras doenças sexualmente transmissíveis. E) Não deve ser usado por portadores do vírus HIV. 04) O texto abaixo é: “Sandra Rawson & David Osbourne Request the honor of your presence at their marriage Saturday, the first of December two thousand and eleven at half past three o’clock at Christ Church, Greenwich, and afterward at the reception Round Hill Country Club. R.S.V.R” A) Carta de notificação de compra de uma casa. B) Anúncio de festa beneficente em uma igreja. C) Alerta ao consumidor de defeito de aparelho. D) Nota sobre falecimento. E) Convite para a cerimônia de casamento.

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05) O Brasil ocupa posição de destaque no panorama turístico internacional, encantando estrangeiros com suas belezas naturais. Com base no texto abaixo, a praia de Ponta das Canas: “Ponta das Canas Beach – Florianópolis, Brazil Distant 34km from downtown, Ponta das Canas shines for its natural beauty and calm and usually warm water. Its white sand beach is 1.9km long. It’s a good option for water sports. It is very requested by international tourists.” A) atrai apenas turistas estrangeiros. B) atrai turistas por suas águas frias. C) oferece areia terapêutica. D) distante 34km do continente. E) favorece a prática de esportes aquáticos.

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06) O texto publicitário é resultado da união de vários fatores: psicológicos, sociais e econômicos, como também do uso de efeitos retóricos e icônicos aos quais não faltam figuras de linguagem, técnicas argumentativas e mecanismos de persuasão, entre outros. Vários segmentos da sociedade utilizam esse tipo de texto em prol de projetos sociais. A International Advertising Association, no texto abaixo, tenta convencer as pessoas a:

A) Ajudar financeiramente. B) Divulgar a campanha. C) Participar afetivamente. D) Doar roupas e alimentos. E) Refletir sobre a campanha.

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07) De acordo com o texto abaixo:

a) Bullying não é legal, mas não afeta ninguém. b) Qualquer pessoa pode ser vítima de bullying. c) Bullying é um problema que só acontece na escola. d) Bullying é algo normal na adolescencia. e) Não há como parar o bullying.

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08) De acordo com o cartoon podemos afirmar que:

a) Todos deveriam usar carros para chegar ao trabalho. b) Se todos usassem carros chegariam mais rápido ao trabalho. c) O uso de transportes públicos prejudica o transito. d) Optar por transportes públicos diminui o congestionamento. e) Os transportes públicos na cidade são pouco eficientes.

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09) De acordo com o texto a seguir podemos afirmar que:

a) Diversos insetos prejudicam as plantações. b) Os insetos já devoraram 1/3 da comida global. c) Alguns insetos são importantes para a produção de alimento mundial. d) Todos os insetos são prejudiciais a saúde. e) O uso de insetos polinizadores é muito caro.

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10) O texto seguinte é: FIREWORKS CAN BE DANGEROUS · · · · · · · ·

Keep them in a closed box Follow instructions Read instructions by torchlight Light at arm’s length Stand back Never go back to a firework Never put them in your pocket Never throw them Keep pets indoors

a) uma série de recomendações sobre como conservar fogos de artifício em casa. b) uma propaganda de um fabricante de fogos. c) uma série de instruções sobre como acender fogos. d) um alerta para o perigo que os fogos representam. e) uma proibição quanto ao uso de fogos.

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As tiras abaixo servirĂŁo de base para as questĂľes 11, 12 e 13.

Later...

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11) Considerando-se as informações contidas no primeiro quadro, pode-se afirmar que o telefone do rapaz: A) ajusta o relógio digital automaticamente. B) foi adquirido naquele dia. C) envia mensagens de voz gratuitamente. D) dispõe de várias funções. 12) No terceiro quadro, o termo “but” expressa: A) agressão. B) retificação. C) exclusão. D) recuperação. 13) O elemento lingüístico “later” estabelece uma articulação: A) temporal. B) proporcional. C) causal. D) condicional.

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Leia o fragmento textual que segue e responda as questĂľes de 14 e 15. Brazil's giant offshore oil discoveries .

A key argument of "Peak-Oil" and "Fossil-Fuel" theorists is no new giant oilfield discoveries have been 3 made in recent years. Oil "experts" are locked into the belief that oil is a fossil fuel, and pretty soon we are bound to have found and drilled all the oil that ever 6 was. What about Brazil? The experience of Brazil's offshore drilling is proving that giant new oil fields are out there, waiting to be discovered, just off shore along the continental shelf. Petrobras, 9 Brazil's largest oil company is moving Brazil from being nearly 100 percent dependent on foreign oil imports only some 50 years ago, toward becoming a net oil exporter in the next few years. How? Brazil has realized spectacular results by developing the technology to drill 12 ultra-deep offshore wells in Brazil's Barracuda and Caratinga oil fields, in the Campos Basin some 50 miles into the Atlantic Ocean east of Rio de Janeiro.

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14) De acordo com os estudiosos mencionados no primeiro período do fragmento: A) foram vantajosas as transações relativas à exportação do petróleo bruto nacional. B) foi perfurado, recentemente, igual número de poços de petróleo em mar e em terra. C) não foi interrompida a busca por petróleo a cinqüenta milhas da costa brasileira. D) não foram descobertos, nos últimos anos, novos campos significativos de petróleo. 15) No entendimento dos especialistas referidos na linha 3, é provável que A) sejam logo liberados subsídios para a implantação de projetos. B) o petróleo restante no planeta se esgote inteiramente em breve. C) o país intensifique as negociações comerciais no exterior. D) sejam retomadas as pesquisas sobre combustíveis fósseis. 16) O fragmento informa que A) construir grande quantidade de plataformas é garantia de crescimento econômico. B) dar prioridade aos campos petrolíferos já descobertos é um investimento seguro. C) o petróleo extraído em terra ainda é suficiente para suprir as necessidades do país. D) ainda existem campos petrolíferos a serem descobertos na plataforma con-

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17) Segundo o fragmento: A) a Petrobras, atualmente, deveria investir menos na região próxima à Bacia de Campos. B) a Petrobras precisa operar, efetivamente, nos campos de petróleo situados no oeste do Oceano Atlântico.

18) Do fragmento, pode-se inferir que a Petrobras: A) foi bem-sucedida em empreendimentos realizados na região Sudeste. B) contava, no início de seu funcionamento, com uma equipe mais qualificada. C) adota, de países vizinhos, medidas para minimizar os impactos ambientais. D) atua ao longo da área litorânea do Rio de Janeiro há cinquenta anos.

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19) O cartoon é um gênero textual que representa uma situação humorística, de caráter extremamente crítico retratando de uma forma bastante sintetizada algo que envolve o cotidiano de uma sociedade. Com base nesta definição, a narrativa do cartoon abaixo sugere que o professor:

A) pressiona psicologicamente os alunos com relação às suas responsabilidades. B) estimula a conservação adequada de embriões de porcos e vacas. C) motiva os estudantes a se prepararem para os testes. D) questiona os meios de preservação de certos tipos de animais.

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Leia o texto a seguir e responda a questão 20: The Lost Children Michael Jackson We pray for our fathers, pray for our mothers Wishing our families well We sing songs for the wishing, of those who are kissing But not for the missing Chorus 1 So this one's for all the lost children This one's for all the lost children This one's for all the lost children, wishing them well And wishing them home When you sit there addressing, counting your blessings Biding your time When you lay me down sleeping and my heart is weeping Because I'm keeping a place

Chorus 2 For all the lost children This is for all the lost children This one's for all the lost children, wishing them well And wishing them home Home with their fathers, Snug close and warm, loving their mothers I see the door simply wide open But no one can find thee Chorus 3 So pray for all the lost children Let's pray for all the lost children Just think of all the lost children, wishing them well This is for all the lost children This one's for all the lost children Just think of all the lost children Wishing them well, and wishing them home http://michael-jackson.musicas.mus.br

20) A música é um grande instrumento de divulgação cultural, bem como de propagação, disseminação das ideias e ideais dos seus respectivos autores. Músicas podem assumir funções variadas, como por exemplo, criticar problemas sociais, cultuar religiões, fazer uma abordagem artística, transpor o mundo criativo de crianças, jovens e adultos, entre outros. Considerando o tema abordado na letra da música acima, podemos afirmar que o autor: A) exige providências das famílias quanto ao problema das crianças perdidas. B) pede ajuda à sociedade para abrigar as crianças abandonadas. C) convida a todos a orar pelas crianças desaparecidas. D) apela aos pais a não abandonarem seus filhos. E) sugere uma canção em prol das crianças desprezadas.

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21) Propagandas publicitárias estão presentes no dia-a-dia dos seres humanos por todos os lados. Essas carregam consigo a capacidade de surpreender o leitor de diversas maneiras. A criatividade empregada na produção de uma propaganda pode fazer com que a empresa ou órgão público que a fez alcance seus objetivos. Diante da imagem acima podemos dizer que: A) O governo quer que as pessoas reduzam os gastos com itens supérfluos, a fim de combater a inflação. B) A companhia de abastecimento de energia pede que as pessoas reduzam o consumo de energia. C) A propaganda acima foi destruída por vândalos que não concordavam com as ideias expostas nela. D) A companhia de abastecimento de água alerta as pessoas sobre os perigos da água mal tratada. E) A companhia de abastecimento de água alerta as pessoas para utilizarem apenas a quantidade que elas precisam.

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22) Dez anos atrás os Estados Unidos viviam um dos momentos mais trágicos de sua história. Em 11 de setembro de 2001, uma série de ataques terroristas coordenados pela Al-Qaeda parou o mundo ao fazer o que era aparentemente impossível. Terroristas seqüestraram quatro aviões comerciais, dois deles atingiram as Torres Gêmeas do World Trade Center, o terceiro avião atingiu o pentágono em Virginia e o quarto avião felizmente caiu em um campo, na Pensilvânia. Ao observar a imagem acima, levando em consideração a figura de Tio Sam e a frase “The permanent Scar”, pode-se dizer que: A) A data 9 de novembro simboliza uma ferida permanente para os Estados Unidos. B) A data 11 de setembro simboliza uma ferida permanente para os Estados Unidos. C) A data 11 de setembro simboliza uma cicatriz permanente para os Estados Unidos. D) Tio Sam ficou eternizado como o símbolo dos atentados terroristas de 11 de setembro. E) A tatuagem no peito de Tio Sam representa a revolta permanente Estadunidense.

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Tablets Are the Best Way to Show Textbooks Tablets are capable of offering enhanced ebooks featuring images, video and audio. These elements are impossible to include in print or in a standard ebook. Read about music? No thanks, I’ll follow my auto-advancing sheet music as the audio plays. See a picture of Martin Luther King, Jr. as I read his “I Have a Dream” speech? I guess that’s fine, but with one tap of my finger, I’m watching it. The result is a more integrated learning experience, which is more engaging for students. This isn’t the future — this is today. By allowing students to highlight text, take notes in the margin and access a dictionary directly within the book itself, tablets are matching (and in some cases, surpassing) everything that a traditional book — print or digital — can offer.

23) Tablets vêm se tornando cada vez mais comuns entre os jovens nos dias de hoje. Com esses, é possível acessar emails, redes sociais, ler arquivos, etc. No entanto, quando o assunto é sala de aula, esse tópico divide opiniões. Alguns são a favor, outros são contra o uso desses apetrechos tecnológicos na sala de aula. Baseando-se no texto acima, é possível afirmar que a intenção do autor é: A) Dizer ao leitor que os tablets deveriam ser utilizados em sala de aula diante de todas as vantagens que esses dispõem. B) Provar que os tablets não devem ser utilizados em sala de aula, pois distraem o aluno. C) Apontar as vantagens e desvantagens de ter um tablet em sala de aula. D) Justificar que o uso dos tablets deve ser feito restritamente pelo professor. E) Justificar que o uso dos tablets deve ser feito restritamente pelo Aluno.

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Leia o fragmento textual a seguir e responda às questões de 24 a 27. (UFC-2010) Brazil, the New Oil Superpower State-run Petrobras’ “monstrous” new oil find has wide-ranging implications for the South American country, the oil majors, oil services providers, and beyond. In a recent radio broadcast, Brazil’s President Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva said he’s convinced a “higher power” has taken a shining to Brazil. That, he said, might explain the providence of state-run oil company Petrobras, whose colossal new oil discovery could transform Brazil from a barely selfsufficient producer into a major crude exporter. Petrobras announced Nov. 8 it has found between 5 billion and 8 billion barrels of light oil and gas at the Tupi field, 155 miles offshore southern Brazil in an area it shares with Britain’s BG Group and Portugal’s Galp Energy. Tupi is the world’s biggest oil find since a 12 billionbarrel Kazakh field was discovered in 2000, and the largest ever in deep waters. Perhaps more important, Petrobras believes Tupi may be Brazil’s first of several new “elephants,” an industry term for outsize fields of more than 1 billion barrels.

24) The main purpose of this text is to: a) comment on a huge oil finding that has the potential to transform Brazil into a sizable exporter. b) prove Tupi field superiority in comparison to the 12 billion-barrel Kazakh production. c) explain how to turn a barely self-sufficient producer into a major crude oil exporter. d) discuss the implications of state-run Petrobras new finding for the Brazilian society. e) inform Tupi real oil production.

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25) Which alternative contradicts the ideas in the text? a) Tupi is the largest oil field discovered in deep waters. b) Tupi is located at 155 miles from the Brazilian South coast. c) Tupi could transform Brazil into a major crude oil exporter. d) Petrobras new oil find will only have implications inside Brazil. e) Kazakh field oil production is larger than Tupi potential oil production. 26) The sentence, “a ‘higher power’ has taken a shining to Brazil” can be paraphrased as: a) the oil majors will offer Brazil a sit in their table from now on. b) an influence which is not human in origin liked Brazil. c) oil services providers liked Brazil immediately. d) the world’s oil cartel is considered a higher power. e) Petrobras’ “monstrous” new oil find is now shinning. 27) According to the text, it is correct to say that: a) State-run Petrobras’ new oil find has very few implications for the South American country, the oil majors, oil services providers. b) the new oil discovery will definitely transform Brazil from a barely selfsufficient producer into a major crude exporter. c) it is expected that Tupi is just the first of many other Brazilian outsize oil fields. d) Petrobras is the only company which is going to explore the reserve found. e) Tupi is the world's biggest oil find of all times.

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Leia o fragmento textual a seguir e responda às questões de 28 a 33. About swine flu Swine flu is the common name given to a new strain of influenza (flu). It is called swine flu because it is thought to have originated in pigs, but this is not certain. The most common symptoms are a fever, sore throat, diarrhea, headache, feeling generally unwell and a dry cough. In other words, the symptoms are very similar to seasonal (regular) flu. Most people recover within a week, even without special treatment. Pandemic The virus was first identified in Mexico in April 2009. It has since become a pandemic, which means it has spread around the globe. It has spread quickly because it is a new type of flu virus that few, if any, people have full resistance to. Flu pandemics are a natural event that occur from time to time. Last century, there were flu pandemics in 1918, 1957 and 1968, when millions of people died across the world. In most cases the virus has proved relatively mild. However, around the world more than 1,700 people have died and it is not yet clear how big a risk the virus is. For this reason, and because all viruses can mutate to become more potent (stronger), scientists are saying we need to be careful. High-risk groups Some people are more at risk of complications if they catch swine flu, and need to start taking antivirus as soon as it is confirmed that they have the illness. Doctors may advise some high-risk patients to take antivirus before they have symptoms, if someone close to them has swine flu. People at risk are: · patients who have had drug treatment for asthma in the past three years, · pregnant women, · people aged 65 and over, and · children under five. To stop the virus spreading The most important way is to have good respiratory and hand hygiene. In other words, always sneeze in to a tissue, and quickly put it in a bin. Wash your hands and home and work surfaces regularly and thoroughly to kill the virus.

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Choose the correct answer. 28) The flu is called “swine flu” because A) it has common symptoms. B) people generally feel unwell. C) it is not certain the flu is originated in pigs. D) people believe it came from pigs. E) most people recover within a week. 29) The “swine flu” appeared A) last year. B) this year. C) last century. D) next year. E) in 1,700. 30) What is a pandemic? A) A virus identified in Mexico in April 2009. B) A virus identified in Mexico. C) A virus identified by scientists. D) A new virus. E) An illness that spreads all over the world.

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31) “pregnant women” means : A) mulheres pragmáticas. B) mulheres preparadas. C) mulheres grávidas. D) mulheres com crianças de colo. E) mulheres imunes ao vírus. 32) One of the best ways of not spreading the virus is: A) having good hand hygiene. B) avoiding hand hygiene. C) not washing the hands. D) sneezing in the hands. E) passing the hands on the eyes. 33) The sentence “millions of people died across the world” in the interrogative form is: A) Did millions of people died across the world? B) Did millions of people dye across the world? C) Did millions of people dying across the world? D) Did millions of people die across the world? E) Did millions of people are dying across the world?

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Read the text and answer questions 34 to 38, according to it.

Hands off our rice! While scientific progress on molecular biology has a great potential to increase our understanding of nature and provide new medical tools, it should not be used as justification to turn the environment into a giant genetic experiment by commercial interests. The biodiversity and environmental integrity of the world's food supply is too important to our survival to be put at risk. Genetic engineering (GE) enables scientists to create plants, animals and micro-organisms by manipulating genes in a way that does not occur naturally. These genetically modified organisms (GMOs) can spread through nature and interbreed with natural organisms, thereby contaminating non 'GE' environments and future generations in an unforeseeable and uncontrollable way. Their release is 'genetic pollution' and is a major threat because GMOs cannot be recalled once released into the environment. Because of commercial interests, the public is being denied the right to know about GE ingredientsin the food chain, and therefore losing the right to avoid them despite the presence of labelling laws in certain countries.

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Biological diversity must be protected and respected as the global heritage of humankind, and one of our world's fundamental keys to survival. Governments are attempting to address the threat of GE with international regulations such as the Biosafety Protocol. GMOs should not be released into the environment since there is not an adequate scientific understanding of their impact on the environment and human health. Greenpeace advocate immediate interim measures such as labelling of GE ingredients, and the segregation of genetically engineered crops and seeds from conventional ones. Greenpeace also oppose all patents on plants, animals and humans, as well as patents on their genes. Life is not an industrial commodity. When we force life forms and our world's food supply to conform to human economic models rather than their natural ones, we do so at our own peril. Glossary interbreed– cruzar spread – espalhar peril – risco threat – ameaça release – liberação

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34) The objective of the text is: a) To justify the use of commercial interests to sell genetically modified food. b) To advocate in favor of the positive impacts of GMOs on human health. c) To oppose the creation of international regulations on genetic pollution. d) To instruct governments on how to survive uncontrollable economic threats. e) To denounce the dangers of GMOs to biodiversity and environmental integrity. 35) According to the text, it is correct to say that a) GE manipulates genes, therefore it creates plants and animals. b) commercial interests promote GE as well as the laws in certain countries. c) Biosafety Protocol exists in order to protect commercial interests. d) GMOs spread through nature but we control the pollution they provoke. e) governments oppose GE because they avoid international regulations.

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36) Paragraph 1 of the text affirms that a) we must increase genetic experiments on nature if we want to live a better life. b) we have to preserve the integrity of biodiversity if we want to survive in our world. c) we might put environment at risk if we oppose patents on plants and animals. d) we can understand nature if we turn it into a giant genetic laboratory. e) we may provide the world with new medical tools if we stop scientific progress. 37) In paragraph 2, the word “Their” (line 12) refers to: a) natural organisms d) genetically modified organisms b) micro-organisms e) non ‘GE’ environments c) future generations 38) In the sentence “Greenpeace also oppose all patents on plants, animals and humans, as well as patents on their genes.” (lines 25-26), the expression as well as means the same as: a) because of. b) thereby. c) and. d) therefore. e) such as.

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ATENÇÃO: As questões de 39 a 41 apresentam mais de uma afirmativa correta.

39) Identify the questions whose answers are found in paragraphs 3 and 4 of the text: I. Why is the information about GE ingredients in food omitted from the public? II. How many labelling laws are there in certain countries? III. How must biological diversity be treated? IV. What safety measures are governments taking to avoid the threat of GE? V. Who is dealing with regulations related to the threat of GE? 40) Considering the Greenpeace attitude to GE, identify the correct propositions: I. They defend biodiversity and the environment from commercial interests. II. They require respect and protection for biological diversity. III. They advocate all sorts of genetic manipulation on human beings. IV. They demand urgent interim measures for labelling genetic engineering ingredients. V. They denounce the non access of the public to information on GE ingredients in food. 41) Considering the context of the whole text, identify the statements which correspond in meaning to “Hands off our rice” and “Stand up for your rice” of the picture. I. Fight for the right of preserving our world’s food supply. II. Protest against all patents on existing life in general. III. Cooperate with the manipulation of genes in natural organisms. IV. Contest the interference of genetic engineering in natural crops. V. Allow scientists to release genetic pollution into Nature.

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Brazil as World’s Sixth Largest Economy Brazil is set to become the world’s sixth economy by the end of 2011, if projections by the International Monetary Fund (IMF) and two leading economic consultancies, the EIU and the BMI, are correct. Brazil will overtake the United Kingdom, demoting it to the number seven spot and continuing a trend up the ranks of global economies after last year leaving Italy behind at number eight. According to the predictions, Brazil’s Gross Domestic Product (GDP) will reach US$2.44 trillion by the end of the year, narrowly outstripping the UK’s – which is set to reach US$2.43 trillion. Brazil’s economy grew by 7.5 percent last year after minimal impact by the financial crisis which most countries had to weather in 2008-2009. The Brazilian economy may not have boomed quite as much as was hoped this year, but it is still expected to grow by at least three percent, and is predicted to grow by a slightly higher 3.5 percent in 2012. This compares with growth in the UK of only 0.7 percent for this and next year. However, Brazil will have to enjoy sixth place while it lasts, as the EIU’s projections also suggest Brazil will lose the number six spot to India in 2013; however, it will regain the position again in 2014 as it overtakes France. By 2020, Brazil should be moving up the table one more slot – as it leaves behind European powerhouse Germany, by which point its economy will be bigger than that of any European country, and globally only China, the U.S., India and Japan will be bigger. The figures have not come as a surprise to analysts, whose extrapolations have predicted the rise in the Brazilian economy for years. However, they have arrived more quickly than many expected – mainly due to the greater effects of the global financial crisis in other countries. (…)

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42) According to the text, choose the correct statements: I. Brazil has been the 6th position in economy since 2010. II. Economists say Brazil will pass the U.K. economy by the end of 2011. III. Brazil became the seventh position in world’s leading economies last year. IV. Brazilian economy has been decreasing since 2008-2009 financial crisis. V. Brazil’s economy grew 7.5 percent after not being affected by 2008-2009 financial crisis. 43) According to the economists predictions, choose the correct propositions: I. By 2020, Brazil is set to become the 5th position among the world's leading economies. II. By 2020, Germany will be the only European country that will leaves Brazilian Economy behind. III. Brazil will lose rank to India in 2013, but will get it back in the following year. IV. Predictions suggest Brazil will take Indian position in 2013. V. Brazilian economy is predicted to grow slightly next year.

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Leia o Texto a seguir e responda as perguntas de 44 à 46. Having good health

Being health nowadays is something more important than having money. Many are the steps for you to have good health. Here are some of these steps. Food One of the foundations of good health is the right diet – food that’s right for your metabolism, chosen from real foods that haven’t been stripped of their goodness. With a supply of the right nutrients, our bodies have an amazing ability to repair and self-balance. Exercise Exercise is so important to good health. Think about getting a balance between aerobic, strength and stretching exercises. But also make sure you're not doing too much exercise. Fitness is a necessary component of health, but being fit doesn't always mean you're healthy. Allow adequate rest time, and listen to your body's messages. Other Supportive Habits There are many other lifestyle factors that can determine how well we function, and many of these can be improved. Some of these factors are: o Getting adequate water o Breathing good air o Having enough sleep o Taking time for yourself o Enjoying your leisure activities o Spending time with friends and family Therefore, by following these steps, you will probably have good health.

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44) Mark the right option according to the text A) Exercising is one of the steps somebody must follow to be healthy. B) It does not matter what you eat, you just need to consume the right calories to be healthy. C) You have to do a lot of exercise to be healthy. D) Sleeping is less important than getting adequate water for our health. E) One’s lifestyles do not determine his life quality. 45) Mark the right options according to the text. I. The least important exercises are the aerobic ones. II. The most important exercises are the strength ones. III. The most important exercises are the aerobic ones. IV. There should be a balance between the three kinds of exercises shown by the text. V. A good lifestyle must lack exercises. 46) Mark the option that best summarizes the text’s main message. A) If you want to be healthy, there are only three steps to follow. B) A healthy lifestyle lacks good food, exercising, etc. C) In order to be healthy, a person should follow some basic steps such as exercising and choosing the right kind of food. D) Money is the only thing people need to be healthy. E) A good lifestyle lacks money.

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Mars robots put to the test

Two new robots are being put through their paces to see if they.re up to the job of being blasted into space to find out if there really is life on Mars. Nicknamed Bruno and Bradley, the robots are the latest test models for a european rover that’s expected to land on the red planet in seven years time. Engineers say the six-wheeled robots created for the ExoMars mission are the toughest ever built. It’s thought they.ll be able to go where no other rover has gone before. Each robot can turn all six wheels, move sideways like a crab and even tackle really steep or slippery slopes. They do it by anchoring themselves with five of their wheels and then inching each wheel forward one at a time to crawl over obstacles. Access: 21st August, 2008 http://news.bbc.co.uk/cbbcnews/hi/newsid_7560000/ewsid_7563400/7563477.stm

Glossary: Rover: viagem Tackle: enfrentar Steep: ingreme Slippery: escorregadio Slopes: ladeiras Anchor: ancorar Inch: mover Crawl: mover

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47) The expression .put through their paces. (line 1) means a) built. b) tested. c) fixed. d) measured. 48) According to the text, the new robots will be up to all these jobs, EXCEPT a) dealing with problems of smooth or sharply sloping surfaces. b) moving sidewalks like a kind of animal. c) crawling over obstacles without any help. d) blasting into open space by themselves. 49) According to the engineers who created the robots they are the toughest ever built. They mean theses robots are a) the latest test models created for an European mission. b) the test models that will land on Mars in seven year.s time. c) the strongest and most difficult to damage robots already created. d) the only robots that will find out if there really is life on Mars.

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Looking for that first job Question: I am a fifteen-year-old high school student about to go into my sophomore year of high school. I have not been able to acquire any work experience whatsoever, ironically because I don’t have any work experience! What is a good way for me to find a first job? Answer: Good for you to be proactive with your job search and income earning at a young age. You are right, it is tough to get experience when employers are usually able to find people with experience. What you are facing is what most of us experienced in our early job searches, and with persistence we eventually landed our first jobs. Unless you have family connections to a business where you can gain some experience, looking for work starts with creating a plan and getting prepared. Utilizing all available resources will be very helpful. Many employers are prepared to hire people that have no previous experience for their entry-level positions. However, you will find there is still competition for these roles and you will need to be able to convince an employer you are the best candidate for the position. You will need a polished resume and cover letter that indicates your strengths and suitability for a position. Resumes and cover letters are an essential part of your job-hunting tool kit. They are the most common instruments job seekers use to get their foot in the door. Early in your search you will need to determine thetype of position you would like and then what best entry position might be to help you get there.

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With this information your next step is to look at companies that you would be interested in working for that have these types of entry-level positions. Many jobs are not advertised. You can tap into this “hidden” job market by networking, knocking on doors, seeking out free employment programs and services, searching on the internet, attending job fairs, and marketing yourself. Follow-up is an important element of every job search strategy. Re-connecting with a potential employer by mail or phone can be very effective. If you are interested in offering a service – babysitting, yard-work, painting, etc. - you could make up a flyer and deliver it around your community. It may not be long-term work but it does help you start to build your experience and can provide potential references for you. Excerto de http://working.canada.com/resources/story.html?id=e67a7d14-32 d7-439c-9d20-9e0e82c02518 Acesso em 23/10/2008. 50) Assinale a alternativa correta de acordo com o texto. a) “tough” (line 9) means the same as hard. b) “eventually” (line 13) has the same meaning as “occasionally”. c) “best” (line 22) establishes an equality. d) “hidden” (line 37) expresses a verb form. e) “long-term work” (line 47) means working from 9:00am to 5:00pm.

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51) No trecho “However, you will find...” (line 20), o termo grifado pode ser substituído por a) therefore. b) provided that. c) in spite of. d) unless. e) but. 52) Assinale a alternativa correta de acordo com o texto. a) Employers can find experient people to hire. b) Candidates for entry-positions are often high school students. c) Part of job search strategy is to let potential employers to know your weaknesses. d) It is easier to find a job in your own community. e) Employers demand high qualifications for the position offered. 53) O termo “job search” (lines 7-8) tem o mesmo sentido que a) “find a first job“ (lines 5-6). b) “landed our first jobs “(line 13) c) “job-hunting” (line 27). d) “re-connecting with a potencial employer” (lines 42-43). e) “offering a service” (line 44).

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53) O fragmento “Unless you have family connections to a business where you can gain some experience, looking for work starts with creating a plan and getting prepared.” (lines 13-16) apresenta a idéia de que: a) é necessário que você tenha parentes envolvidos em seu primeiro trabalho para ter sucesso. b) é necessário criar um plano de visitação às indústrias. c) a procura pelo primeiro trabalho envolve a elaboração de um planejamento e preparar-se para o mesmo. d) você pode adquirir experiência mesmo antes do início do curso superior. e) as empresas familiares geralmente não admitem que parentes sejam contratados. 54) De acordo com o texto, assinale a alternativa que apresenta o que é preciso fazer para encontrar um emprego. a) Publish an advertisement in a newspaper. b) Use all possible resources to go into the job market. c) Choose the right kind of work you would like to do. d) Be polite with people who have connections with you as a desirable attitude. e) Convince employers of big companies to give you a job. 55) De acordo com as informações do texto, assinale a alternativa correta. Most young people a) must look for a job. b) face difficulties in acquiring work experience. c) should look for a job in the business area. d) want to start working and earn money. e) need to be able to change the line of events.

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Inglês no Enem 2016 Dicas para se sair bem na prova: Þ

Þ

Þ

Þ

Þ Þ

A melhor maneira de estudar para o ENEM é refazendo as provas dos anos anteriores. Faça um bom roteiro de estudos. Defina os dias, os horários e quais matérias você se dedicará neste período. Estude em lugar calmo, sem interferências externas, iluminado e bem ventilado. Inclua períodos de descanso no seu planejamento. A mente e o corpo precisam de uma pausa. Faça resumos do conteúdo estudado. Seja saudável! Boa alimentação, atividades físicas e hidratação adequada preparão o seu corpo para enfrentar esse período.

Quer aprender mais? Acesse www.fcenglish.com.br/blog

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Inglês no Enem 2016 FCEnglish  

Roteiro de estudos para o ENEM 2016.

Inglês no Enem 2016 FCEnglish  

Roteiro de estudos para o ENEM 2016.

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