S E P T E M B E R /O C T O B E R 2 011 • V O L U M E 13, N U M B E R 5
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EXECUTIVE BOARD Association Presidentâ€”Matt Raia Commander (retired), Westminster (CO) Police Department email@example.com
Representative Section IVâ€”Scott Dumas Captain, Rochester (NH) Police Department firstname.lastname@example.org
Association Past Presidentâ€”Kim Derry Deputy Chief, Toronto (Canada) Police Service email@example.com
Chaplainâ€”William C. Gibson Director (retired), (SC) Criminal Justice Academy firstname.lastname@example.org
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TABLE OF CONTENTS A
SEPTEMBER / OCTOBER 2011 • VOLUME 13 / ISSUE 5
4 Association Perspective
FBINAA Moves Ahead with New Board and Training Goals Matt Raia
27 A Message from our Chaplain Practice What You Preach Billy Gibson
30 Staying on the Yellow Brick Road Odd Object Training Kevin T. Chimento
Ten years after 9/11, the FBI’s terrorist screening center helps support officers on the front lines.
The late James T. Sheehan served as the first president of the FBINAA and still serves as an inspiration for all law enforcement officers.
10 Reasons Computer-Based Training Beats Live Training Computer-based training can provide your officers with consistent, legally defensible instruction and save your agency money. Randolph B. Means
FBI NA Graduate to Lead Arkansas State Police J.R. Howard
The Intelligence Clearing House
32 Extraordinary Members
William G. Brooks III and Margaret R. Sullivan
Keeping Things in Perspective
When you face a diagnosis of cancer, you learn to not sweat the small stuff. Josef Levy
2 Executive Board 8 Partnerships 10 Chapter Chat AD INDEX IFC Grapevine 1 Justice Federal Credit Union 2 Trident University 5 American Military University 6 Regis University 7 5.11 Tactical Series 9 Purdue 13 Long Island University 17 Monroe College 21 Kaplan University IBC Taser International BC Verizon Wireless
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MAT T R A I A
FBINAA Moves Ahead with New Board and Training Goals DEAR FELLOW FBINAA MEMBERS,
T’S BEEN A BUSY FEW MONTHS for our organization. With holding the FBINAA Annual Conference, electing board members, and starting a new training institute, the time has f lown by. As we head into Autumn I’d like to share some of the highlights of these and other events the FBINAA has been involved in recently.
Also at the annual conference, the Beccaccio Award was presented to Robert “Bob” Atkinson, Session 157, Commissioner, Queensland Police Service, Queensland, Australia. The Lester A. Davis Award was presented to Lyle Hesalroad, Session 96, 1995 FBINAA president. Congratulations to these outstanding recipients.
ASSOCIATION ONLINE STORE
Liberty Mutual Insurance, Maui Jim Sunglasses, and Enterprise Car Rental Companies have joined the select group of companies that offer benefits to FBINAA members. See the member benefits section of the association Website for details.
At our July board meeting in Long Beach, the board approved the implementation of the FBINAA “International Police Training Institute,” a not-for-profit training institute funded by international grants through the FBINAA Foundation. The FBINAA-IPTI will provide executive support, mentoring, training and development, specialist training, and online training, with emphasis in South and Latin America, Africa, the Asias, the Middle East, and Polynesia.
FBINAA CHARITABLE FOUNDATION
COUNTERING VIOLENT EXTREMISM
Comedian Jay Leno kicked off the Foundation Text to Donate Program at the FBINAA Annual Conference in Long Beach, Calif., helping to raise $1,140 the evening of our banquet. Event attendees donated another $1,474 in cash and checks to the Foundation. Thanks for your support. In order to donate $10 yourself, send a text to 27722. In the body of the message, type FBINAA, and then reply YES when asked to confirm. Then $10 will be charged to your cell phone bill and transferred automatically to the Foundation. Please remember to keep the Foundation in mind when conducting Chapter events and to “Pass the Hat.”
On August 3, I participated in a telephone conference call with senior White House officials on behalf of the FBINAA along with other national law enforcement leaders invited by DHS Assistant Secretary of State and Local Law Enforcement Louis F. Quijas. We discussed the release of the National Strategy for Empowering Local Partners to Counter Violent Extremism in the United States.
The new Association online store is up and running. This would not have been possible without the hard work of Products Manager Liz Seal. She deserves a big thank you.
ANNUAL CONFERENCE IN LONG BEACH The FBINAA Annual Conference held this year in Long Beach, Calif., provided great training and social events, and the Trade Expo was one of the best the Association has had. And I’m sure those in attendance will never forget the conference Gala Banquet, at which Jay Leno gave a 45-minute non-stop monologue. As evidenced by how much the attendees enjoyed the conference and how smoothly it went, the hard work of the California Chapter 2011 FBINAA Conference Committee was well worth the effort. Johnnie Adams, Session 222, a captain at the UCLA Medical Center (Calif.) Police Department, was elected Section 1 Representative and will take office January 1, 2012, along with Diane Scanga—President; Doug Muldoon—First Vice President; Laurie Cahill—Second Vice President; and Joe Gaylord— Third Vice President.
PRESIDENT’S ACTIVITIES I was honored to represent the FBINAA at the following events in July, August, and September: FBI Law Enforcement Partners meeting at FBI headquarters along with representatives from other major law enforcement associations; our annual conference in Long Beach, Calif.; the FBINAA Partners Fair at the Academy for Session 246; the Eastern Missouri, Kansas/Western Missouri Chapters’ Annual Training Conference; the Session 246 graduation; and the European Chapter Conference in Tbilisi, Georgia, along with FBINAA Vice President Laurie Cahill. Remember, the future of the FBI National Academy Associates is in your hands. ■ F B I N A A Sincerely,
Matt Raia Matt Raia, 2011 President
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“IAMULOOKED TO A LEADER. is where experience and academics intersect.” Chief Joel Hurliman | Graduate, School of Public Safety & Health AMU stands shoulder-to-shoulder with the law enforcement community. As a 32-year police veteran and retired Army National Guard Master Sergeant, Chief Hurliman knows it takes street smarts and book smarts to address today’s complex public safety challenges. He joined AMU based on academic partnerships such as the FBI National Academy, faculty who have worn the badge, and a community of like-minded peers, each dedicated to protecting and serving our nation.
Learn More at www.PublicSafetyatAMU.com/associate-mag What’s this? AMU-QR.com Art & Humanities | Business | Education | Management | Public Safety & Health | Science & Technology | Security & Global Studies
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S E P T E M B E R /O C T O B E R 2 0 1 1 VOLUME 13 ★ NUMBER 5
The National Academy Associate is a publication of the FBI National Academy Associates, Inc.
CRIMINOLOGY DEGREES FROM REGIS UNIVERSITY
Steve Tidwell / Executive Director/Managing Editor Ashley R. Sutton / Communications Manager
BACHELOR OF SCIENCE IN CRIMINOLOGY
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© Copyright 2011, the FBI National Academy Associates, Inc. Reproduction of any part of this magazine without express written permission is strictly prohibited.
This degree program is an in-depth analysis of the criminal mind with the goal of preparing career-minded adults for jobs working to improve society and protect communities.
This degree program is an advanced critical analysis and exploration of criminal behavior, its causes, and its patterns. It is designed to teach you to help predict and prevent crime of all kinds, from terrorism to white-collar fraud.
The National Academy Associate is published bi-monthly by the FBI National Academy Associates, Inc., National Executive Office, FBI Academy, Quantico, VA 22135; phone: (703) 632-1990, fax: (703) 632-1993. The FBI National Academy Associates, Inc. is a private, non-profit organization and is not part of the Federal Bureau of Investigation or acting on the FBI’s behalf.
Available both online and on-campus 5-and 8-week accelerated course formats
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8-week accelerated course format Several start dates per year
Editorial submissions should be sent to the National Academy Associate, National Executive Office, FBI Academy, Quantico, VA 22135. Submissions may vary in length from 500-2000 words, and shall not be submitted simultaneously to other publications. The FBI National Academy Associates, Inc., the Executive Board and the editors of the National Academy Associate neither endorse or guarantee completeness or accuracy of material used that is obtained from sources considered reliable, nor accept liability resulting from the adoption or use of any methods, procedures, recommendations, or statements recommended or implied.
ABOUT REGIS UNIVERSITY One of only a few select institutions to offer degree programs in Criminology, Regis is a regionally accredited, 130-year-old Jesuit university in Denver, Colorado. We strive to meet the needs of working professionals like you. Regis has been recognized as a national leader in education for adults, and we are committed to programs that are accessible and affordable. Other features of the university include: Recognized by the Council for Adult and Experiential Learning for innovation and service to adult learners Ranked by US News & World Report as a Top University in the West for 15 consecutive years The convenience of classes offered online and on-campus $FXUULFXOXPWKDWLVFRQVWDQWO\HYROYLQJWRUHÁHFWUHFHQW research and student needs
Photographs are obtained from stock for enhancement of editorial content, but do not necessarily represent the editorial content within.
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On The Cover: Ten Years After 9/11 The FBI’s Terrorist Screening Center (TSC) works with law enforcement to provide information about possible terrorists via a frequently updated watch list.
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Anti-Crime Program – RxPATROL® (Rx Pattern Analysis Tracking Robberies and Other Losses) is designed to assist law enforcement efforts to apprehend and prosecute pharmacy robbers and scammers, as well as to help protect pharmacies. Using a web-based program RxPATROL collects, collates and analyzes information from pharmacy theft reports across the U.S. The RxPATROL website – www.rxpatrol.org - has links to the National Association of Drug Diversion Investigators and to the National Community Pharmacists’ Association.
Educational Materials – Drug ID cards with full-color, actual-size photographs of the most For more information, contact the commonly abused prescription Law Enforcement Liaison and Education Unit drugs, according to the National at 203-588-7281 Association of Drug Diversion Purdue Pharma L.P. One Stamford Forum, Stamford, CT 06901-3431 Investigators. Educational brochures on preventing prescription drug Fax 203-588-6035 • E-mail: LEPrograms@pharma.com abuse for law enforcement officers to distribute to pharmacies, physicians and hospitals, includes how to spot and deal with scammers.
All of these programs are provided at no cost. We do not promote any company’s products. Our sole objective is to provide information that supports law enforcement to help keep prescription drugs out of the hands of criminals, in order to ensure that they are available for patients with real medical needs.
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CHAPTER CHAT The intent of this column is to communicate chapter news. Announcements may include items of interest such as member news, sections activities, events, training calendar, special programs, etc. Refer to the editorial submission deadline, particularly with date-sensitive announcements. Submit chapter news and high-resolution digital photos to: Ashley Sutton, Editor, FBINAA, Inc., P.O. Box 350, Lewes, DE 19958 phone: (302) 644-4744 • fax (302) 644-7764 • via email: firstname.lastname@example.org
ALASKA ★ Terry Vrabec, Session 186, became the deputy commissioner for the Alaska Department of Public Safety effective June 1.
FLORIDA ★ Scott Andress, Session 205, retired as captain with the Miami-Dade Police Department on June 3 after 34 years.
HAWAII ★ Department of Public Safety Narcotics Enforcement Chief Keith Kamita, Session 189, was appointed as the deputy director for law enforcement by Hawaii Governor Neil Abercrombie in January. Deputy Director Kamita selected as his new sheriff Shawn Tsuha, Session 234. Keeping it in the NA family!
KANSAS/WESTERN MISSOURI ★ Kansas Governor Sam Brownback announced the appointment of Terry L. Maple, Session 203, as the new acting state fire marshal. He retired from the Kansas Highway Patrol in December 2010 as superintendent with more than 31 years of service with the Patrol.
NEW JERSEY ★ Lt. Kevin Murphy retired from the Harrison
New York/Eastern Canada: (Left to right) Superintendent (Inspector) Dan Kinsella, Session 241; Chief Colin Millar, Session 105; and Chief Glenn DeCaire, Session 207.
Police Department effective July 1. He is a graduate of Session 233 of the National Academy and retires after 30 years of service. ★ Richard Brazicki, Session 235, was recently promoted from captain to inspector. He works
for the Port Authority of New York and New Jersey Police Department. In his new position he is the western zone commander overseeing police operations at the World Trade Center, PATH train system, Holland Tunnel, and Brooklyn Piers.
NEW YORK/EASTERN CANADA ★ Due to health issues, past FBINAA president and retired Hamilton-Wentworth (Ontario) Regional Police chief Colin Millar, Session 105, was unable to attend the Annual New York State and Eastern Canada Training Conference in July at the Doral Arrowwood Hotel and Conference Center in Rye Brook, N.Y. Retired Toronto inspector Mike Sale, Session 169, who now works for American Military University, accepted the plaque for Colin at that time. This marks the initiation by this chapter of the Colin Millar Award, which will be given annually to a Canadian member. It was formally presented to Colin August 18 at the Hamilton Police Service’s annual awards dinner. (See photo above.) ★ Four graduates of Session 203 of the FBI NA met for dinner in Riverhead, N.Y., in May. (See photo at top of next page.) Eastern Missouri NA Board, President of the FBI NAA Matt Raia, Chief Dan Linza retired Chief of Police Kirkwood MO Session 71 who presented Chief Jerry Lee Session 140 with the Dan Linza Eagle Award. 10 S E P T E M B E R / O C T O B E R
★ The FBINAA Oral History Project is active in Canada. Five Southern Ontario members
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stable and was promoted through the ranks to his present position as chief of police, effective July 13. He is highly respected in the organization and is the son of a retired Ontario Provincial Police officer.
New York/Eastern Canada: Session 203 graduates met for dinner in Riverhead, N.Y., in May: retired Dep. Chief Pete Quinn and Det. Sgt. Alan Feinstein, Suffolk County (N.Y.) PD; Lt. David Lessard, Riverhead (N.Y.) PD; and Marc Vervaenen, Belgian Federal Police
of the New York and Eastern Canada Chapter met at the Niagara Regional Police Training Unit on August 11. They reminisced about their careers and NA experiences for the FBINAA Oral History Project, sponsored by American Military University (AMU). (See photo below). Colin Millar and Frank Parkhouse are past presidents of this chapter. Larry Gravill is past president of the Ontario Association of Chiefs of Police (OACP) and the Canadian Association of Chiefs of Police. Ron Bain is currently the executive director of OACP. Mike is AMU’s Canadian representative. ★ Jean-Paul Levesque, Session 198, known to his friends and associates as J.P., started with Thunder Bay Police in June 1987 as a con-
★ New Cincinnati Special Agent in Charge Edward J. Hanko replaced Keith Bennett, who left the position to become assistant director of the FBI Academy. James E. Craig, Session 193, was appointed chief of the Cincinnati Police Department on August 2. Chief Craig was the chief of police in Portland, Maine, for two years following his retirement from the Los Angeles Police Department after 28 years.
OREGON ★ The Oregon Chapter of the FBINAA hosted its annual Steak Out August 4 at Champoeg State Park. More than 90 people attended. The Oregon Chapter retrainer will be held at Eagle Crest Resort in Redmond, Ore., September 28–30. Training will focus on the Sovereign Citizen Movement, legal updates, and a synopsis of a 2007 bank bombing case in Woodburn, Ore., in which two police officers were killed. ★ Lt. Ernest Phelan, Session 186, retired from the Port of Portland Police in August. Alan Zaugg, Session 216, has retired from the Hillsboro Police Department.
SOUTH CAROLINA ★ Michael “Mickey” S. Whatley, 75, former police chief of North Charleston, S.C., and state legislator, died August 16 at his home in North Charleston. Born October 7, 1935 in Charleston, S.C., Mickey’s life was dedicated to public service. He began at the “Post & Courier News” as a journeyman printer but enlisted in the U.S. Army and served from 1958 to 1960. Mickey was first a fireman and later a police officer for Charleston County. Mickey’s father, Lawrence Stewart, was a county policeman and the first to be recognized as Policeman of the Year by the Kiwanis Club; Mickey also received this award. He was part of the original police force in North Charleston and became one of the City’s first detectives. He attended the Southern Police Institute and held a Bachelor of Science degree with a double major in Political Science and Criminal Justice from the Baptist College (now known as Charleston Southern University.) Mickey was a lieutenant for the South Carolina Law Enforcement Division (SLED) from 1984 to 1992 and served as chief of police for the City of North Charleston from 1992 to 1994. He served two terms in the South Carolina House of Representatives for District 113. He was also a commissioner for the Charleston County Parks and Recreation Department. Mickey’s past affiliations include: past president of the South Carolina Chapter of the FBI National Academy, and a member of the National Law Enforcement Explorer Commission, the International Association of Chiefs of Police, the Environmental Crimes Commission, and the National Boy Scouts Council of America.
WASHINGTON ★ The FBI Seattle Office and the Washington Chapter hosted a candidate luncheon at Southcenter on June 15 for members of Session 246 (July 10 to September 16). Candidates selected for the session included Craig Wilson of the University of Washington Police Department, Steve Shumate of the Grays Harbor County Sheriff’s Office, Harvey Gjesdal of the Douglas County Sheriff’s Office, and Steve Burns of the Washington State Patrol Bellevue Detachment.
New York/Eastern Canada: Larry Gravill, Session 160, chief of police (retired), Waterloo Regional Police; Colin Millar, Session 105, chief of police (retired), Hamilton-Wentworth Regional Police; Ron Bain, Session 182, deputy chief (retired), Peel Regional Police; Frank Parkhouse, Session 124, deputy chief (retired), Niagara Regional Police; Mike Sale, Session 169, inspector (retired), Toronto Police.
★ The annual holiday luncheon and training event is scheduled for Friday, December 2, 2011, at the Carco Theater and Renton Community Center. The featured presentation will be “Lessons Learned from the Spokane Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. Day Bombing/Weapon of Mass Destruction Attempt.” This year’s presenter is Frank Harrill, supervisory senior resident agent for the Eastern Washington FBI offices of Spokane, Tri-Cities, and Yakima. ★ Fourteen members of the Washington w w w.f b i n a a.o r g
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Washington: Chapter members attended the Texas 2012 comedy event.
Washington: Session 246 (Left to right) Treasurer Cindy Reed, Steve Burns, Craig Wilson, Assistant Special Agent in Charge Steve Dean, Steve Shumate, and Harvey Gjesdal
Chapter attended the FBINAA 2011 National Conference in Long Beach, Calif., July 23–27. Mike Zaro, Session 240, of the Lakewood Police Department, was a featured speaker with his presentation “Line of Duty Homicide: The Lakewood Washington Experience.” (See photos on this page.)
WASHINGTON PROMOTIONS/ RETIREMENTS/TRANSITIONS ★ Kathy Atwood, Session 213, was appointed chief of the Everett Police Department in July 2011. Kathy is a 22-year veteran of the department and previously served in various positions throughout the department, most recently as deputy chief. She is an active member of the Youth Leadership Program, serving as an instructor and counselor for the past several years.
Washington: Chapter members attended the Gala Banquet at the FBINAA National Conference in Long Beach, Calif.
★ William Dickinson, Session 184, was appointed chief of the Sequim Police Department in September 2010. Bill previously served for 30 years with the King County Police Department including positions of contract chief of police for the cities of SeaTac and Burien. From 2003 to 2009, Bill served as chief of police for the Tigard (Ore.) Police Department and most recently with the Washington Department of Labor and Industries in Tacoma. ★ Willard Lathrop, Session 222, retired June 25 after serving as investigations commander with the Auburn Police Department. Willard is relocating to the Marshall Islands for the next two years. ★ Jeff Sale, Session 239, was appointed chief of the Bend (Ore.) Police Department effective August 1. Jeff served as chief of the City of Cheney Police Department for the past seven years. Prior to that position Jeff served 25 years with the Washington State Patrol, Washington: During the National Conference, Mike Painter, Mike Zaro, Chuck Steichen, and Cindy Reed attended an event aboard the Queen Mary in Long Beach, Calif.
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retiring as a commander of the Everett and Yakima Commercial Vehicle Divisions. ★ James Scharf, Session 118, retired as chief of the Everett Police Department on June 30 after 16 years of service with the City of Everett. Jim previously served 22 years with the Snohomish County Sheriff’s Office and was elected to two consecutive terms as sheriff. ★ Todd Simonton, Session 218, retired from the Bellevue Police Department on July 14 as major of the Administrative Services Division. Todd previously served with the Kirkland Police Department from 1979 to 1981, and was the first lateral hire for Bellevue PD. He was selected for the Eastside Narcotics Task Force to serve as a case detective and was later selected for the Hostage Negotiator Unit. Other assignments and positions included K-9, SWAT (officer, commander), Community Services, Investigations, City of Bellevue Human Services Commission, CALEA and Accreditation, patrol commander, and the NORCOM communications project. Todd served as vice president of the Bellevue Police Officers Association and served as president of the Bellevue Police
Managers Association. Todd has also been a dedicated member of our Chapter serving as sponsorship chair for the past several years. ★ Jerome Solomon, Session 211, retired from the University of Washington Police Department June 30 after two years of service as commander of the Office of Professional Standards. Jerome previously served 25 years with the Michigan State Police. ★ John Suessman, Session 174, retired from the Lacey Police Department on July 29 after more than 30 years of service. John began his career with Lacey PD in 1980 and served on the Thurston County Narcotics Task Force as a detective and lieutenant. Other positions and assignments included patrol lieutenant, commander of the Patrol Division, and commander of Support Services. On August 9, John was appointed commander of the CJTC Academy in Burien. John also served the Chapter as president in 2001, and was on the Board of Directors for the Seattle 1999 FBINAA National Conference. ★ Vern Thompson, Session 198, was ap-
pointed chief of the City of Eagle Point (Ore.) Police Department in November 2010. Vern previously served 28 years with the Kelso Police Department, the last 14 years as captain. Other positions and assignments included Region 4 SWAT commander and the All Hazard Incident Management Team for Southwest Washington. ★ Michael Villa, Session 224, was appointed chief of the Tukwila Police Department on June 1. Mike is a 21-year veteran of the department and has served in a number of positions and assignments, including assistant chief of Investigative Services, assistant chief of the Patrol Division, commander, sergeant, Valley SWAT member, COP Bicycle Team, narcotics detective, and patrol officer. Mike has also served as a department instructor, adjunct Instructor for the National Tactical Officers Association, and as a member of the International Law Enforcement Forum.
WISCONSIN ★ As of June 30, Tony Barthuly, Session 186, retired from the Fond du Lac City Police Department as chief of police. ■ F B I N A A
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The Intelligence Clearing House Ten years after 9/11, the FBIâ€™s terrorist screening center helps support officers on the front lines. TRENT DUFFY
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EFORE 9/11, various
1, 2003, and is the U.S. government’s consolidation point for known and suspected terrorist watchlist information, both foreign and domestic. The Terrorist Watchlist (aka the Terrorist Screening Database) contains thousands of records that are updated daily and shared with federal, state, local, territorial, tribal law enforcement, and intelligence community members, as well as international partners to ensure that individuals with links to terrorism are appropriately screened. FBI Director Robert S. Mueller III describes it simply: “Think of this as the Who’s Who of terrorists,” he says.
Compiling the List The process by which an individual is placed on the terrorist watchlist is fairly straightforward. Intelligence is gathered, biographical data is secured, and a person of interest is nominated for inclusion. The National Counterterrorism Center (NCTC) collects international terrorist information and sends identifying data to the TSC for review. In addition, domestic terrorist information is compiled by the FBI. TSC accepts nominations of individu-
als to the Terrorist Watchlist when they satisfy two requirements. First, the biographic information associated with a nomination must contain sufficient identifying data so that a person being screened can be matched. Second, the facts and circumstances pertaining to the nomination must meet the reasonable suspicion standard of review established by terrorist screening presidential directives. Due weight must be given to the reasonable inferences that a person can draw from the available facts. Mere guesses or inarticulate “hunches” are not enough to constitute reasonable suspicion to watchlist an individual. While there have been occasional news reports on some individuals being misidentified while traveling, Healy says the actual number is a mere fraction of the overall list. “We take great care in the watchlisting process because we don’t gain anything by inconveniencing the general public,” Healy says. “And the number of individuals who thought they were inappropriately listed and actually had any connection to the Watchlist is less than one percent. The fact is, we have limited resources, so we have to keep our focus
government agencies maintained nearly a dozen separate watchlists, including the FBI’s National Crime Information Center/ Violent Gang & Terrorist Organization File (NCIC/VGTOF), the Integrated Automated Fingerprint Identification System (IAFIS), the U.S. Marshals Service Warrant Information, the Department of State’s Terrorism Watch List called “TIPOFF,” and several others all designed to screen persons of interest to U.S. law enforcement and counterintelligence officials. Some lists were shared, but there was little integration and cooperation, and there was no central clearinghouse where all law enforcement and government screeners could access the best information about a potential person of interest. “We had a lot of strong threads, but they weren’t sewn together to form a powerful net. That has all changed now,” says Tim Healy, director of the Terrorist Screening Center (TSC). The TSC began operations on Dec.
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The Intelligence Clearing House
on those who we believe want to do us partner working with law enforcement The Warning Sign harm. Last point, there are no children to help improve officer safety, strength- Initial inquiries to the TSC database on the no-fly list.” en national security, and expand U.S. are usually made by dispatchers workBut building and keeping the Watch- counterterrorism. ing with officers in the field. Each inquilist accurate, current, and thorough is Healy, a career FBI agent before he ry compares the subject’s information only half of the TSC’s strategic mission became director of the TSC, says it is against the information on the TSC’s in homeland security and counterterror- critical for officers and dispatchers to Terrorist Watchlist. ism efforts. The other half is implemen- work closely with the TSC. “If the TSC If there is a match, the dispatcher tation, information-sharing, and push- was operational prior to 9/11 and the receives a clear alert, warning that the ing the list to people who need it. process worked as it does today, it could subject is a known or suspected terror“Without the participation of the en- have made that horrible day entirely dif- ist. The dispatcher then calls the TSC to tire law enforcement, homeland securi- ferent. Since the first day we stood up the verify the information with a TSC operaty, and counterterrorism communitions specialist. This process takes LET’S SAY A KNOWN TERRORIST LOST TWO ties, the Watchlist is just a hollow as little as five to 10 minutes for an FINGERS IN A PREVIOUS BOMBING. IF THE bunch of names,” Healy says. “A average stop. To verify information OFFICER REPORTS THAT TWO FINGERS core part of our mission is to push supplied by the dispatcher, TSC opARE MISSING, WE KNOW THAT’S THE GUY. this information out to law enforceerations specialists work through a — TERENCE WYLLIE ment so they know we are here to series of standard questions with TSC OUTREACH COORDINATOR help, but more important so they the dispatchers so that officers can realize the critical role they play in elicit enough information to make the effort to keep up with today’s modern an identity determination. terrorist threat.” TSC Outreach Coordinator Terence Wyllie provides this example when he Active Threats briefs dispatchers and local law enforceWith the killing of Osama Bin Laden ment. “Let’s say a known terrorist lost and the 10-year anniversary of 9/11 now two fingers in a previous bombing. A upon us, the threat of another major terTSC operations specialist might tell a ror attack on U.S. soil is as real as ever, dispatcher to have the officer analyze and the entire law enforcement commua suspect’s right hand. If the officer renity needs to be as vigilant as possible. ports that two fingers are missing, we The biggest step officers can make toknow that’s the guy.” ward strengthening our country’s naOnce a positive match is made, the tional security and counterterrorism information flow begins, all to the beneffort is to learn about the Terrorist efit of enhanced national and homeland Screening Center (TSC). security. Each week in the United States, hundreds of known or suspected terrorists Officer Training are stopped by law enforcement for all Given all that is at stake and the simple m. sorts of reasons unrelated to terrorism. process for verifying whether a subject is After a quick screening against the on the Terrorist Watchlist, why wouldn’t TSC’s Terrorist Watchlist (a process an officer contact the TSC if an NCIC Hijacker Mohammed Atta similar to screening for wants and check brought up the TSC banner? The was stopped by local law enforcement before 9/11. warrants), these individuals can be main reason is that many are still unverified as being a positive match for familiar with the TSC banner and the potentially having terrorist ties. simple procedure of what to do when If law enforcement officers don’t they see it. center we have always know about or don’t contact the TSC, a TSC operations center, This is precisely why TSC runs an acterrorist could slip through a routine law pushed to create a seamless relationship tive outreach program, where officials enforcement stop and go on to commit a between federal, state, local, and tribal offer training and briefings to those who horrendous attack, which is exactly what law enforcement.” need it. The training is offered nationOne call can prevent a major terrorist wide, and is not limited to larger muhappened before 9/11. Three of the 9/11 hijackers—Mohammed Atta, Ziad Jar- attack, according to Healy. “The officer nicipalities. In fact, TSC officials once rah, and Hani Hanjour—were stopped gets important information, the intelli- briefed a rural Virginia sheriff’s departby state or local law enforcement for rou- gence community gets important infor- ment in a local firehouse. tine traffic violations in the days leading mation, and our communities and our Although the basic training program country are safer,” he explains. “So a big is relatively constant, TSC tailors each up to the attack. part of what we do is to work with law training session to each unit and the A Willing Partner enforcement officials across the coun- particular terrorist threat characterisBefore 9/11 there was no central system try to develop standards of procedure so tics of certain areas. TSC has also conto identify people as having an associa- that this important conversation takes ducted hundreds of briefings for thoution with terrorism. Thankfully, that has place. Hundreds of thousands of lives sands of dispatchers nationwide since all changed. Today, the TSC is a willing are on the line.” its creation, and has briefed at the Inter-
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national Association of Chiefs of Police Conference and the National Sheriffs Association Conference. Wyllie, who serves as the coordinator of the TSC’s law enforcement outreach division, wants every law enforcement official to know that this training is available. “Our program raises awareness and encourages the use of this important system,” he says. “We want all officers and chiefs integrating TSC into their daily practices.” Wyllie urges departments to consider enacting new standards of procedure that make contacting the TSC when the banner is displayed to be a compliance issue. ■ F B I N A A To schedule a TSC training session for your department, contact the TSC at (571) 350-4106 or email@example.com Trent Duffy is the public affairs officer for the Terrorist Screening Center. He has held numerous public affairs positions in government throughout his 20-year career in Washington, D.C.
Top 10 States for Terrorist Encounters
lthough 10 states lead the country in officer encounters with known or suspected terrorists, encounters occur in every state in the nation. This is why it is critical for law enforcement officials everywhere to contact the Terrorist Screening Center when an NCIC check turns up a potential hit. Unfortunately, many officers are not working with the TSC to the degree necessary to provide the full value of the Terrorist Watchlist to protect officers, communities, and the homeland.
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10 REASONS COMPUTER-BASED TRAINING BEATS LIVE TRAINING Computer-based training can provide your officers with consistent, legally defensible instruction and save your agency money. R A N D O L P H B. M E A N S
ASH-STRAPPED law enforcement agencies are facing many training challenges. Traditional in-service law enforcement training requires in-house instructors, a training facility, and students that have to be taken away from their other duties and sent to classes. Consequently, traditional law enforcement training has become too expensive and too labor intensive for some agencies that are facing not only budget cuts but reductions in sworn personnel. These agencies face a dilemma; they can’t afford to train their officers, but legally they must. That’s one reason why so many agencies have added computer-based training to their in-service programs. Even agencies that are not facing economic hardship are now using computer-based training. They are discovering that computer-based training offers many benefits over the traditional model. Let’s take a look at 10 of these benefits:
1. You can preview computer-based training to verify content and quality in advance. More training is a bad thing if the training isn’t correct. Every additional hour that an officer receives bad training just makes things worse. You never know for sure what a live instructor will say. Even if you happen to have a manuscript lesson plan of the expected presentation—which is rare—you can’t assume the instructor will follow the script. Worse, you don’t know what the live instructor will say in answer to questions that come
up during the presentation. So if you’d like to know for sure what information your officers will be receiving, some type of computer-based training is for you. Comparatively, live instruction is a roll of the dice. More sophisticated computer-based training even allows an individual user agency to add agency policy and other “local” information to otherwise generic training programs. 2. You can use the best instructor every time. Quality of content and delivery are critical to effective training, and the best instructors know the best practices. The average law enforcement agency can’t bring in the country’s best instructors to teach multiple, one-day in-service training classes. To do so would be cost prohibitive. Typically, many agencies use “whoever is available” among local “experts” who may or may not be truly expert. If it’s legal in-service, for example, it may be “someone from the prosecutor’s office,” which could turn out to be the most junior, least experienced person in the office. Even if the prosecutor’s office sends its very best instructor, the class will still reflect prosecutorial agendas, which can differ dramatically from police effectiveness agendas. Computer-based training can cure this problem entirely, at very low cost. 3. Computer-based training is absolutely consistent. In the defense of lawsuits, it is sometimes necessary to prove exactly what a particular officer was taught. That means finding out what was said in the particular class the particular ofw w w.f b i n a a.o r g
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10 REASONS COMPUTER-BASED TRAINING BEATS LIVE TRAINING
ficer attended on a particular day. If you use a live instructor five different times, you’ll get five different classes, especially considering that different questions from class participants will inevitably take each class to slightly different places. If you use five different instructors to teach the “same” class, you’ll get even more variation. To the extent that participants “hear” different messages, confusion may create additional problems. In terms of legal defensibility, it becomes difficult if not impossible to prove exactly who received what information, unless the agency records every rendition of the class and keeps perfect attendance records. 4. Computer-based training can be repeated. It is critical that every officer receive the training and that learning actually occurs. With live training, if an officer needs the instruction twice, he or she gets it once. It is difficult if not impossible to repeat the program for officers who need it more than once, as many perfectly good learners do. Computer-based training makes repetition a piece of cake. Also, if someone is away when the program is first offered, it is unlikely the live instructor will be putting on a repeat for that one person when he or she gets back. Computer-based training is not schedule dependent; it’s always available. Finally, the more sophisticated computerbased training allows a participant to interrupt a session and later return to the place where he or she left off, without starting at the beginning.
quire participant assembly or overtime pay. It can be worked into slow work periods and some agencies even let their officers park in safe locations and take the training in their patrol cars. Note: Be careful of how much you try to cut your costs. There are some giveaways in the computer-based training world. Free is always nice, but it’s not always good. Be sure to look the gift horse in the mouth. 7. Cost savings from a computer-based training program will allow you to expand your agency’s training horizons. Once you accomplish most of your current training load at a tiny fraction of its budgeted cost, presumably you will be free to spend the money that was already in your training budget to deliver more types of training. For example, let’s say the few hours of periodically mandated “legal update” training does not allow time for any comprehensive review of the federal constitutional law regarding ar-
6. Computer-based training is dirt cheap. Not being able to afford training is not a defense to a lawsuit over negligent training or failure to train. Computer-based training can be accomplished at a tiny fraction of the cost of live classroom training, and certainly a ton less than the cost of a lawsuit. Presumably, a switch to a much cheaper and more effective training delivery method would allow you to do more of whatever you need to do and get better in the process. If because of slashed budgets you were only able to use the “savings” to maintain your historical training status quo, it would be much better than eliminating needed training. Computer-based training need not re-
5. Computer-based training is easy to schedule. Live classroom training obviously requires participant assembly at a time when a qualified instructor and facility space are both available. Computer-based training can be accomplished whenever and wherever an individual participant has the time. Computer-based training not only reduces scheduling burdens, it dramatically reduces costs. With computer-based training, backfilling field staffing while people attend training becomes a thing of the past.
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rest, detention, search, and seizure. After saving tons of time and money by using computer-based training, you can add this much needed training. 8. Computer-based training is totally documented. Once upon a time, training was considered well documented if you had a skeleton outline that purported to describe it— whether or not that outline was actually followed. The skeleton outline eventually evolved into a fuller outline and then, for many agencies, a manuscript lesson plan that in theory documents virtually every important thought out of the instructor’s mouth. Regardless of the method of documentation, a question remained regarding what the instructor actually said on any given day. In related controversies in court, officers sometimes do not agree with their employers and instructors as to what was taught. Administrators claim that officers were properly trained; the officers in their own defense sometimes dispute that fact. Even if there is no dispute as to what an individual officer was taught, the plaintiff’s attorney will seek proof. To totally document live training, every session would have to be videotaped and that is rarely done. With computer-based training, perfect documentation is intrinsic and automatic. Attendance is even tracked through a learning management system. 9. Computer-based training ensures learning through universal interactivity. Historically, live classroom training typically did not include testing at all. Almost all computer-based training includes universal testing of every participant. Oddly, those who are most skeptical of computer-based training persistently ask, “How do you make sure learning has occurred?” In the better computer-based training programs, there is testing embedded in the course itself, so the participant simply can’t proceed until he or she shows mastery of a point of understanding. There is also a post-course test to double-check that learning occurred. In live training, the in-service officer in the back row could have had the flu and been thinking entirely about his or her significant other the whole time yet that instructor still walked out of the classroom and certified the officers “satisfactorily participated” in the training. It is a screeching irony that computer-based training—the first type of training to actually include universal testing—is also the first to be consistently challenged on the question of learning.
10. Students can’t ask computer-based training questions. This sounds like a negative, but it’s actually a major plus of computer-based training. If a live instructor simply reads a correct manuscript lesson plan to the class, there is no problem. Unfortunately, training often goes off the rails when the questions begin. Participants’ “what if” questions often raise more difficult issues and call for more instructor expertise. Consequently, instructor errors become more likely. Quality control of the answers to students’ questions is difficult if not impossible with a live instructor. Sophisticated online training programs allow the participant to send questions to the instructor electronically. The expert instructor can then electronically share both the question and the correct answer with all course participants, not just the one asking the question and not just the ones in class. The question and the answer can also be communicated to other experts for a double-check of the quality of the response, if that is useful. So actually, students can ask questions in computer-based training programs. So this is not a negative, it’s a benefit. Not only can questions be asked but the process for answering them ensures consistency and accuracy. ■ F B I N A A Randolph B. Means, J.D., attorney at law is the director of curriculum development and quality assurance for The Response Network. He is a founding partner of The Thomas & Means Law Firm, LLP.
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First Class The late James T. Sheehan served as the first president of the FBINAA and still serves as an inspiration for all law enforcement officers. W IL L I A M G . B RO O K S I I I A N D M A RG A R E T R . S U L L I VA N
ECENTLY the FBI National Academy Associates and the Boston Police Department honored a man whose personal and professional standard of excellence continues to serve as an example for all law enforcement professionals. James T. Sheehan was selected by J. Edgar Hoover as a member of the first class at the FBI National Academy, he was elected first president of the alumni association by his peers, and he was dubbed “Mr. Integrity” in Boston, where he served as captain and deputy superintendent. His honest and exacting approach to police work was a model for two generations of law enforcement officers from around the nation. Sheehan was born in 1893 in Boston and established at an early age the habits of self-discipline, hard work, and service that would distinguish him as a law enforcement leader. Sheehan was the sixth child in a struggling working-class family and lost his mother at a young age. After finishing school, he worked first as an insurance clerk and then followed his older brother onto the Boston Fire Department. When the United States entered the Great War in 1917, Sheehan enlisted in the Army, serving as a sergeant in France. After the war, he became one of hundreds of returning veterans to join the Boston Police Department, whose ranks had been decimated by the police strike of 1919. Sheehan was appointed to the position of officer in 1920 and
worked first in the downtown districts, establishing a reputation as an honest and efficient patrolman. Sheehan first drew the attention of his superiors when newspaper reporters called the station for details on the heroic young officer who had stopped a team of runaway horses pulling an ice wagon; Sheehan had not even bothered to make a report. He made sergeant in 1927. The late 1920s and early 1930s saw an epidemic of crime in Boston and around the country. Organized crime thrived on bootlegging and racketeering, while ready access to guns and automobiles brought an increase in armed robberies. Sheehan came down hard on illegal activity in his police division. His efforts made life uncomfortable for well-connected “businessmen” whose livelihood depended on illegal liquor sales and gaming. In 1930 an attempt was made to bring Sheehan down. State prosecutors were conducting hearings on illegal liquor sales during Prohibition. The ambitious and unscrupulous head of the liquor squad testified that, some two years before, he had seen Sheehan inspect the premises of the Ritz Hotel and ignore patrons who were openly drinking liquor. At the time of the public testimony, Sheehan was in Chicago on an extradition case. He rushed home to defend his good name. Witnesses who claimed to have seen Sheehan at the Ritz were unable to identify him in the courtroom. He took the stand, and unequivocally testified, “I was not at the Ritz.” Sheehan produced his station’s journal book for the night in question. On the date others had testified he had been at the
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(Left) James T. Sheehan worked his way up to the position of deputy superintendent of the Boston Police Department, and was the first president of the FBI National Academy.
(Bottom left) Sheehan inspects fingerprints while still a lieutenant, 1934.
PHOTO: COURTESY SHEEHAN FAMILY
PHOTO: COURTESY SHEEHAN FAMILY
PHOTO: COURTESY BOSTON COLLEGE BURNS LIBRARY
(Bottom right) James T. Sheehan testifies in liquor corruption hearings. Because Sheehan was scrupulously honest, he was twice targeted by corrupt law enforcement officials.
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ON TIME, UNDER BUDGET
Sheehan’s work in the Boston PD’s Bureau of Records in 1934 cemented his reputation for integrity and efficiency and caught the attention of U.S. Bureau of Investigation Director J. Edgar Hoover. The Boston PD, which had established its fingerprint unit in 1906, had for years wanted to revise its entire fingerprint system.
gerprint system in the country, surpassed only by the Justice Department. PUBLIC ENEMIES
As Boston PD’s new fingerprint system went online, the country was erupting in violence. Gangs roamed the country, particularly the Midwest, robbing banks and shooting law enforcement officers with seeming impunity. Among these violent criminals were Ma Barker, Alvin Karpis, Baby Face Nelson, Pretty Boy Floyd, Machine Gun Kelly, Bonny and Clyde, and John Dillinger. Hoover sent agents of his Bureau of Investigation into the field, but they had no arrest authority and initially carried no firearms. Killing these agents was not yet a federal offense, though a crime wave in 1933 and 1934 resulted in the murder of four agents and scores of police officers. In its wake, the Bureau of Investigation became the FBI, and its agents were given the tools they needed to fight crime. Once the FBI was formed, Hoover saw a need to assist in the training of police officers to help combat the crime wave. In 1935, Hoover established the FBI Police Training School, popularly dubbed “crime school” by the press. Twenty-three highranking police officers from across the country, including Sheehan, were selected for the first class in Washington, D.C. PHOTO: COURTESY FBI
Ritz, every entry in the journal book for a 24-hour period was in his hand. That day Sheehan had been designated “acting lieutenant” and had never left the station. When prosecutors announced that anyone else who wished to testify would do so without any promise of immunity, several scheduled witnesses declined to appear in court, while others repeatedly testified, “I don’t recall.” The high drama inspired numerous cartoons and editorials in Boston newspapers, and the corrupt liquor squad officers were demoted. The following year, Sheehan was assigned to the Bureau of Criminal Investigation and promoted to lieutenant.
PHOTO: COURTESY BOSTON PUBLIC LIBRARY
A newspaper account described the course as “a strenuous three months learning how to fire at targets from moving automobiles, how to raid gangster hideouts, the best way to disarm gangsters, how to use moulage, fingerprint, and other techniques developed by the G-Men.” Classes were held in an air-conditioned room in the Department of Justice building. A total of 38 subjects were covered, including psychology, fingerprints and measurements, handwriting, (Top) The fi rst class of the FBI National Academy in Washington, D.C. Sheehan is second from left in ballistics, photography, and traffic control. middle row. (Above) James T. Sheehan and his handpicked squad of Boston Police after raiding a Lecturers included scientists and criminolgambling establishment. ogists from leading universities. Firearms When Boston Police Commissioner E.C. Hultman had first training was held at the Marine Corps base in Quantico. requested updates to the system in 1931, he had insisted that Sheehan, who had recently been made captain, told a Bosthe prints remain accessible to investigators even as the sys- ton newspaper: “It was just like being in the Army, with reveiltem was overhauled. A private company estimated the work le at 5:15 every morning we were in Quantico, blue denims on would take three to four years, at a cost of up to $40,000. Shee- the rifle range, and a course a week in machine guns, submahan consulted with mathematicians at area universities, vis- chine guns, and rifles. Back in Washington, the day was just ited the Bureau of Justice in Washington, D.C., and then pro- as long. We began at 5:15 in the morning and went through ceeded, with several officers of his own choosing and workers exactly the same course of training as the G-Men, even in the from the Depression’s E.R.A. (Emergency Relief Appropria- wrestling and boxing and exercises on the roof. It was wondertion) program, to methodically update the fingerprint system. ful, but it was no picnic. I thought we knew a lot in Boston, but The job was completed in five months at a cost of $150. there was equipment here I had never seen before.” The results of Sheehan’s hard work and organizational Graduation exercises received national coverage. Diplomas skills were spectacular. Boston PD’s new fingerprint classifi- were awarded by Attorney General Homer Cummings and cation system let investigators make an identification in one Hoover, who singled out Sheehan for particular praise. operation instead of three. The number of unidentified deThe graduating class established an alumni association ceased persons was cut in half. Boston’s criminal records now and elected Sheehan its first president. “We are all proud of numbered 225,000, including prints from other jurisdictions. your selection as president of the Federal Police Alumni,” caDirector Hoover declared that Boston had the second best fin- bled Boston Police Commissioner Eugene W. McSweeney. “My 24 S E P T E M B E R / O C T O B E R 2 0 1 1
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THE RACKET SQUAD
Sheehan put his new expertise to work in Boston, bringing the ballistics unit in line with the latest methods used by the Department of Justice. In 1936, he returned to Washington for the first of many stints as a lecturer at the FBI Police Training School. In part because of political pressure from the Massachusetts State House and local ward bosses, Sheehan was transferred five times between 1936 and 1939. As captain of the Roxbury neighborhood’s Division 10, Sheehan worked aggressively to close down gambling rings. He was bumped upstairs to headquarters, where his work against rackets brought pressure on well-connected individuals. Sheehan’s racket squad was merged with another unit and he was transferred again. As captain of Dorchester’s Division 11, he oversaw the police work on voter registration lists and found 500 names registered at a non-existent address. He purged these fraudulent names from the rolls just before the municipal election. Sheehan’s example pressured the department to examine voting irregularities across the city. A handwrit-
ing expert who had worked on the Lindbergh kidnapping case was consulted. Estimates put the number of fraudulent voter names at between 10,000 and 20,000. In an era when many racketeers had reached an understanding, and sometimes a business relationship, with politicians and even some law enforcement officers, Sheehan could not be bought. “Once you take their first dollar,” he often said, “they own you.” The Boston American called Sheehan “the most feared man in the department. Racketeers have tried to reach him and failed.” He was so effective against racketeers that, when Sheehan took a vacation, the Boston Traveler headline read “SHEEHAN RESTS; BOOKIES HAPPY… Respite for local racketeers for the next three weeks was assured last night when Boston’s Public Enemies’ Enemy No. 1 left for a southern vacation.” The Florida vacation was recommended for Sheehan’s health. While he was only in this 40s, the stress of his relentless pace took its toll. PHOTO: COURTESY BOSTON COLLEGE BURNS LIBRARY
warmest congratulations.” The alumni association nurtured professional relationships and lifelong friendships. For many years, Sheehan and his wife, Mabel, would send their children to enjoy vacations in the country with a smalltown police chief and his family, a friendship begun in Washington.
MOP AND BUCKET
Many racketeers from Boston and New York relocated to the suburbs of Boston, beyond Sheehan’s reach. Violent crime followed. In one city north of Boston, criminals well known to the police openly conducted illegal enterprises. In 1937, Massachusetts Governor Charles F. Hurley was forced to act when a well-known criminal was killed in a gangland shooting. The murdered criminal was popular in his hometown; public buildings flew flags at half staff during his funeral. The governor sent in Sheehan to find the killers, clean up the rackets, and remove any corrupt police. An editorial cartoon showed Sheehan entering the town with a mop and bucket labeled “racketeer disinfectant” saying, “Let an outsider take a crack at it.” Sheehan and his trusted Boston officers set up an office in the town and began monitoring the criminals and the police. They surveiled the gangster’s funeral, raided a gambling establishment owned by a town police officer, and brought about the resignation of the town’s police chief. The Boston squad made an arrest for the murder, but as Sheehan and his squad tackled the racketeers, they were abruptly returned to duty in Boston. Sheehan was put in charge of Boston’s Traffic Division. In January 1943, Massachusetts Attorney General Robert T. Bushnell investigated organized crime in Boston over the prior seven years. The highest ranking members of the Boston PD were subpoenaed to discuss the rampant gambling activity in Boston. Sheehan was summoned to testify on his success during the
PHOTO: COURTESY BOSTON COLLEGE BURNS LIBRARY
Sheehan could not be bought: “Once you take their first dollar, they own you.” —James T. Sheehan
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(Left) Bronze plaque honoring Deputy Superintendent Sheehan, a gift from the FBINAA, is unveiled in Boston Police Headquarters. (From left,) Margaret R. Sullivan; Boston Police Commissioner Edward F. Davis III; Richard DesLauriers, SAC of the FBI’s Boston Division; Paul and Bill Sheehan; and Deputy Chief William G. Brooks of the Wellesley (Mass.) Police Department.
year he had run the anti-racket squad before being reassigned to Traffic. In a scene reminiscent of his court appearance more than a dozen years before, Sheehan testified freely while others followed their lawyers’ advice and refused to speak to the grand jury. The hearings dragged on most of the year until the governor appointed a new Boston Police Commissioner.
PHOTO: COURTESY JAY CONNOR
PHOTO: COURTESY BOSTON POLICE DEPARTMENT
(Below) Sons of Deputy Superintendent Sheehan Paul (L) and Bill (R) meet with FBI Director Robert Mueller at the 2010 FBINAA Gala Dinner featuring a tribute to their father.
Incoming Commissioner Thomas F. Sullivan immediately removed the six officials facing indictment and appointed Sheehan as Inspector of Divisions. “I was very happy to learn of your promotion,” wrote FBI Director J. Edgar Hoover to Sheehan. “It is most encouraging to see the graduates of the FBI National Police Academy progress in the profession of law enforcement, and I hope you will not hesitate to call upon me if we can help you in any way.” Just weeks later, Sheehan was appointed deputy superintendent. Sheehan resumed his vigorous anti-racket work. Which made him unpopular with those district captains who had overlooked organized crime in their commands for years. In one division, Sheehan used his own men and Massachusetts State Police to raid 50 gambling establishments, some only steps from the local police station. Even as deputy superintendent, Sheehan continued his close relationship with the FBI National Academy. In 1949, Sheehan lectured on “Gambling, Prostitution, and other Vices.” Sheehan served as deputy superintendent for eight years. During the final four, he suffered a series of heart attacks. He retired for health reasons in 1952. When Sheehan died two years later, mourners included many contemporary and past officials from the Boston Police Department and other police agencies, as well as the special agent-in-charge of the Boston office of the FBI. Hoover sent Mabel Sheehan his personal condolences.
At the time of Sheehan’s death, he and Mabel were living in a rented home, as they had for most of their marriage. The city did not connect his premature death from heart disease to his stressful police work, so Mabel Sheehan received no pension and had to move in with her married daughter and go to work herself. Eventually, lawyers who had admired her husband worked pro bono to win Mabel Sheehan a modest widow’s pension. The Sheehan family paid a high price for Jim Sheehan’s years of service as an honest policeman. Prior to his death, Sheehan had turned down lucrative offers to write his memoirs. Perhaps because he had twice been falsely accused of wrongdoing, Sheehan had kept at home dozens of boxes with copies of records from his police career. He instructed his family to burn them upon his death. Some criminals had served their sentences and turned their lives around, he said, and he did not want his files to ruin anyone. Sheehan’s honest and dogged police career remains an example to all officers of the Boston Police Department and graduates of the FBI National Academy. His story was highlighted at the 2010 FBINAA conference in Boston, where FBI Director Robert Mueller met privately with Sheehan’s surviving sons. On Dec. 14, the New England Chapter of the FBINAA presented the Boston Police Department with a handsome sculpted brass plaque of James T. Sheehan, a gift from the alumni association he served so well. The image now greets visitors in the lobby at police headquarters and is a permanent reminder of the legacy of an honest cop and a leader in the finest traditions of the FBI National Academy. ■ F B I N A A William G. Brooks III is deputy chief of the Wellesley (Mass.) Police Department. He is a graduate of Session 175 and served as the 2010 National Conference Chair of the FBINAA. Margaret R. Sullivan is records manager and archivist of the Boston Police Department.
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MESSAGE FROM OUR CHAPLAIN
B I L LY G I B S O N
Practice What You Preach THERE IS NO WORSE NAME TO BE CALLED THAN HYPOCRITE.
LONG, LONG TIME AGO in a faraway place, I
our profession. We read these stories all the time and they began my law enforcement career as a deputy lead us to believe that they are printed to make sheriff. It seems like a hundred years ago now, but our profession look bad. In reality, this may not one of the things I will never forget is some of the be the case. The fact is these professions are held names I was called. All of them were not good. You to a much higher standard and our citizens simknow, when you answer a domestic call, catch a viply don’t expect our members to be involved in any olent criminal, stop a half-crazed drunk driver, or wrongdoing. Now let’s get back to our church atintervene in a fight between some of the good old tendance issue. boys. Some of these folks had choice words to deLloyd John Ogilvie, in his book “The Autobiogscribe a law enforcement officer. Hopefully things have changed over the years but I’m sure you can remember raphy of God,” maintains that there are two groups of people in the church: 1) the inside/outsiders and 2) the inside/insiders. some of those choice names as well. Sometimes there are names we are called that come from The most dangerous group in the church is the inside/outsidan entirely different segment of society and they aren’t too ers. These are people inside the church but outside a deep, intigood either. For instance, have you ever been called a hypo- mate, growing relationship with Jesus Christ. Unfortunately, crite? There are many ways this word can be described, but 98 there are too many who fit this description today. You see, we have this tendency to compartmentalize our percent of the time it relates to you and your church life. Webster’s dictionary defines hypocrite as “affecting more virtue or lives. When it comes to religion, if we attend church servicreligious devotion than one actually possesses.” That’s really es and are involved in other church activities, we often feel a nice way of putting it but I have a more simple definition: smugly satisfied that all is well between us and the Lord. We claiming to be something that we are not or even more simply, place these activities in our “spiritual compartment.” However, in what we will refer to as our “secular compartment,” we living a lie. Most of us are active in the church of our choice and attend do what we want to do even when this behavior is contrary to on a regular basis. There is just something about attending God’s word. We don’t see any contradiction between our sinful behavior and our religious practicchurch that makes us feel good and sepes because we have kept them sepaarates us from the sinful world around We don’t see any contradiction rate by placing them in two differus. There is a feeling of religious secubetween our sinful behavior and ent compartments of our life. This rity and peace with God when we atour religious practices because lifestyle leads to hypocrisy. tend church. We participate in church we have kept them separate. The words of Jesus on this topactivities, attend bible study, listen to ic are found in Matthew 23:27-28. good sermons, and just feel very secure “Woe to you, teachers of the law and Pharisees, you are hypoin our relationship with God when we are at church. Let’s face it: We have a tendency to measure our Christian crites! You are like whitewashed tombs, which look beautiful on life by our church attendance, and therein lies the problem the outside but on the inside are full of dead men’s bones and with many of us today. We have this erroneous feeling that everything unclean. In the same way, on the outside you appear church attendance and religious activity can compensate for to people as righteous but on the inside you are full of hypocriour wrongdoing. Church attendance alone cannot be the stan- sy and wickedness.” God requires behavior consistent with our dard for pleasing God. He wants His people to demonstrate stated beliefs. If you separate honesty and morality from relithat their faith is genuine by living our daily lives in obedi- gion, what kind of religion do you have? Church attendance is an important part of the Christian ence to Him. I would like to think that all professions are held to a high life. It is God’s house and He is present there. It is a place to standard, and most of them are. However, there are four that worship and praise Him, a place to study and learn from His stand out in my mind that seem to appear in the press more word, and a place to have fellowship with fellow Christians. than any others. Those are the ministry, legal, political, and But church attendance alone is not enough. It is your personal law enforcement professions. Whenever a member of one of relationship with Jesus Christ that determines your eternity. these professions becomes involved in some activity that is not If we talk the talk then we need to walk the walk. So, let me legally or morally acceptable, the press jumps on it like a frog encourage you to de-compartmentalize your life and live according to the standards God expects of us. Let me leave you on a pond. Some time ago I read an article in a newspaper about a for- with this question: If you were indicted for being a Christian mer law enforcement officer being indicted for armed robbery. would there be sufficient evidence to convict you? Be careful how you live your life. You may be the only Bible I didn’t recognize the name so I conducted a little research to see who this former law enforcement officer was. As expected, I some people will ever read. ■ F B I N A A discovered that in l974 this man had worked as a deputy sheriff for about six months prior to being fired. He had not been in law enforcement but six months and that was 37 years ago. Yet the press printed it as if he had recently been a member of
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KEEPING THINGS IN
WHEN YOU FACE A DIAGNOSIS OF CANCER, YOU LEARN TO NOT SWEAT THE SMALL STUFF. JOSEF LEV Y
T SEEMS LIKE it’s human nature to complain. So many people like to complain. We all know family members, friends, coworkers, or partners who always manage to see their glasses half empty instead of half full. These people seem to spread this negativity like a contagious disease. I will admit that I have been guilty of complaining from time to time, but let’s try to keep things in perspective. Webster’s defines “perspective” as looking through or seeing clearly. And I would like to share my perspective based on a recent experience. On June 18, 2007, I was at a work function, attending a dinner, when I received a message on my Blackberry from my wife Lysa. The message was actually a question, “When are you coming home?” Now, you need to understand that my wife rarely questions my whereabouts or inquires when I’m coming home, unless there is an important reason. After replying to her, I ultimately arrived home. In the back of my mind, I knew I was expecting some biopsy results from a recent exam. Weeks prior, my doctors had located a one-centimeter nodule on my thyroid. I was not terribly worried because doctors told me that the majority of these nodules are non-cancerous. However, when I arrived home, I was informed by my wife that my two doctors had called with some bad news. Lysa then told me, “Joey, you have cancer.” Most of us in this profession have seen a lot of things that have shocked us. And over the past 25 years, I have been shocked my fair share of times, but think about how you would respond to being told you have cancer. To say I was shocked would be an understatement. I was overwhelmed with a wide range of emotions and all I could think about were things like: “What
will happen to my family?” “What will happen to my wife?” “What will happen to my four kids?” “Why me? I’m only 44, I’m too young to die.” The emotions were so vivid that night that I will never forget them. I would also like to mention the timing of this bad news. I was told I had cancer on my youngest son’s sixth birthday and just four days before my son Adam’s Bar Mitzvah (where a boy becomes a man in the Jewish religion). So naturally, this presented another issue of how to disclose my situation to my family and friends without ruining Adam’s big day. I share my experience with you for one reason. You see, when most healthy, able-bodied people are “doing their thing” they tend to get into a rut or groove and sometimes take their health for granted. Many of us worry and com-
right straight in the face, you may not have the perspective that others and I have. Believe me, I’m not bragging. I just recently got handed this thing called perspective, as a consolation prize for having cancer. I’m sharing my story because I want to emphasize the importance of not sweating the small stuff. Use your precious time and energy to focus on the big things, the things that are important to you, whatever they may be. Family, friends, music, or religion. Because when it comes down to it, these are the things that helped me cope, and gave me support, strength, and the power to be in a position to fight this thing. I have also discovered this thing called positive thinking. Something I had been preaching to others for many years. But it took a time of crisis in my personal life for me to begin to explore this very powerful
I share my experience for one reason. You see, when most healthy, able-bodied people are “doing their thing” they tend to get into a rut or groove and sometimes take things for granted. plain about issues that in comparison to our health should be no comparison at all. Prior to “getting the news” I would often think about the day-to-day stuff that might sound familiar to many of you. How much do I have in my savings or checking account? Can I afford that “toy”? What about that project on my desk? Will I be getting that promotion or assignment? Will I be getting an overtime shift? Why don’t we have this? Why don’t we have that? It basically came down to sweating the small stuff in life. It’s all so irrelevant in the larger scheme of things. Because if you don’t have your health, well, my friends, you ain’t got nothing. Until you’re facing possible death,
tool I have been using to “fight the fight.” So if you find yourself falling into the “victim mentality” and turning into a chronic complainer, shake it off. Keep things in perspective. You may not have everything in life that you want, but if you have your health, a spiritual base, a strong diverse group of friends and family, then consider yourself “having it all.” ■ F B I N A A Commander Josef Levy has been with the Long Beach (Calif.) Police Department since 1985. He designs and delivers diversity training and was his department’s cultural awareness instructor. Levy is currently the president of the National Law Enforcement Cancer Support Foundation, which he helped to create. w w w.f b i n a a.o r g
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STAYING ON THE YELLOW BRICK ROAD
Odd Object Training
USING NON-TRADITIONAL RESISTANCE EQUIPMENT CAN BOOST YOUR FUNCTIONAL STRENGTH FOR BETTER JOB PERFORMANCE. K E V I N T. C H I M E N T O
OU CAN DEVELOP A GREAT DEAL OF STRENGTH in the weight room, but when it is necessary to perform a real-life task such as pushing and pulling with your feet on the ground, that strength may not help you. With odd ob-
2 ject training, non-traditional forms of resistance such as sandbags, ropes, water, rocks, and tires allow you to transfer “weight room” strength to functional strength. This is what you rely on during many of the strenuous physical job
SAND Sandbags are one great way to develop the functional strength you require. The sandbag lift is a total body exercise that enhances motor control and core strength. Pictures #1 and #2 demonstrate a 100-pound sandbag lift. Lift the sandbag dynamically from the floor to the shoulder in one continuous motion. Keep your back as straight as possible and exhale force-
tasks in law enforcement. Because many odd object exercises mimic real-life movements such as picking things up off the ground and rotating, they better prepare your body for the situations you’ll encounter on your shift.
fully when lifting the sandbag. But you don’t need to use sand for this exercise. In a pinch, you can make a “sandbag” by throwing heavy objects into a duffle bag.
ROPE Short rope is another odd object that provides many benefits in training. It builds core strength as well as grip strength.
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7 Grip strength, in particular, is much underrated. In a physical confrontation, it is highly important for pulling and controlling a subject. To begin, cut some worn climbing ropes into 10- to 11-foot lengths. You can drape the rope over a bar for rope pulls, as seen in pictures #3 and #4. If you tie one end of the rope to a bar you can perform rope walks by walking your hands up the rope and then back down, as seen in pictures #5 and #6. If you have a training partner you can perform two-person pulls, as seen in picture #7. Just remember that for two-person pulls you must maintain constant tension on the rope.
WATER Training with water-filled objects adds another dynamic to an exercise: inertia. When training with water-filled objects, water accelerates within the object to create more resistance when reversing the motion of the exercise. Water-filled objects challenge balance, motor control, and core stability/strength, depending on the exercise being performed. Pictures #8, #9,
and #10 demonstrate a water-filled stability ball being used in a chopping motion. You can also use a PVC pipe filled slightly with water to perform a shoulder press, as shown in picture #11. Water-filled pipes require a person to push or pull evenly; otherwise the water rushes to one side, causing imbalance. Therefore, you are forced to use your core to balance. You can perform many other traditional exercises with a water-filled pipe for an increased emphasis on core strength and motor control. I recommend adding odd object lifting to your exercise regimen to increase functional strength and add variety to your program. This article only introduces a few exercises, but there are many more you can perform following the same principles. Be creative and create your own, but keep in mind that safety should be your main concern when creating new exercises with odd objects. â– F B I N A A Kevin T. Chimento, MEd, CSCS, ACSM-HFS, has been a health and fitness instructor for the FBI at the FBI Academy in Quantico, Va., for more than 15 years. He instructs special agents for the FBI as well as law enforcement personnel from around the world. Chimento designs strength and conditioning programs for FBI new agent trainees, SWAT personnel, FBI hostage rescue team members, and law enforcement leaders. He earned his Bachelor of Science degree in Fitness and Cardiac Rehabilitation/Exercise Science from Ithaca College and his Masters of Education degree from the University of Virginia. Chimento is also a certif ied defensive tactics instructor for the FBI. w w w.f b i n a a.o r g
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FBI NA Graduate to Lead Arkansas State Police O
N MONDAY, APRIL 11, Arkansas Governor
Mike Beebe named J.R. Howard of Searcy as the new director of the Arkansas State Police. “J.R. has a long and respected history with the Arkansas State Police and law enforcement in general,” Beebe said. “His experience ranges from his time on patrol, to being a member of State Police leadership and a state agency director. I am glad to have him back in service to the State of Arkansas.” Howard is a Madison County, Ark., native and a graduate of the University of Arkansas. He was commissioned in 1971 as an Arkansas State Trooper assigned to the Highway Patrol Division. During his 33-year tenure as an Arkansas State Police officer, Howard spent more than half his career as an investigator assigned to the Criminal Investigation Division. In 1999 Howard was assigned to the director’s staff, han-
dling special investigations. He rose to the rank of major, supervising the Enforcement Division, which encompassed both the Highway Patrol and Criminal Investigation Sections at the time. Upon retirement from the State Police in 2004, Howard was appointed director of the Arkansas State Crime Laboratory by Gov. Mike Huckabee. Later he accepted an appointment from President George W. Bush as U.S. Marshal for the Eastern District of Arkansas. Howard is also a licensed pilot for both private and commercial aircraft. Howard is the third consecutive FBI NA graduate to serve as colonel of the Arkansas State Police. He replaces Winford Phillips (Session 98) who recently retired from the position. Col. Phillips had replaced Steve Dozier (Session 178) who took over as colonel in 2004 before leaving the department for the private sector.
M E E T J. R . H OWA R D SESSION: 195 FAMILY: Wife: Kathy; daughter: Leigh Howard; daughter:
Lindsey Bell; son-in-law: John Bell; grandkids: Johnny Bell and Katy Jane Bell HOME: Searcy, Ark. EDUCATION: Bachelor’s degree, University of
WHAT DO YOU LIKE MOST ABOUT YOUR JOB? The people I work
with WHAT IS THE ONE THING YOU WOULD CHANGE ABOUT YOUR JOB? Would like to spend more time in the field with those
who are actually doing the work and cause the Arkansas State Police to be what it is today. WHAT IS THE BEST CAREER ADVICE ANYONE HAS EVER GIVEN YOU? In the late ’70s, Capt.
ASSOCIATION MEMBERSHIP: Arkansas
Paul McDonald told me, “J.R., if you don’t slow down, your little daughter is going to grow up and you won’t even know her.” Absolutely the best advice I have ever received.
WHO WAS YOUR MENTOR? In life, my Dad; in
CAREER HISTORY: High school science teacher
career, retired Arkansas State Police Lt. Col. John Paul Davis
CURRENT POSITION: Director, Arkansas
1969–1970; Arkansas State Police 1971– 2004; director of Arkansas State Crime Laboratory 2004– 2007; U.S. marshal, Eastern District of Arkansas 2007–2010; director of Arkansas State Police 2011–present
WHAT DO YOU ENJOY MOST ABOUT BELONGING TO THE ASSOCIATION? The fellowship with the other members
HOBBIES: Jogging, shooting, flying, playing with grandkids
BEST THING YOU RECALL ABOUT ATTENDING THE NATIONAL ACADEMY? The friends I made.
FAVORITE BOOK AND MOVIE: Book, “One Ranger” by Joaquin Jackson; movie, “Tuskegee Airmen”
WHAT WAS THE MOST CHALLENGING PART OF THE PROGRAM?
WHERE DID YOU GROW UP? Huntsville, Ark.
WHO WAS THE MOST INTERESTING CHARACTER YOU MET AT THE NATIONAL ACADEMY? My roommate Tom Jackson, chief
WHAT DID YOU WANT TO BE WHEN YOU GREW UP? State trooper
of police in Longwood, Fla., and his friend, King Abdullah of Jordan. ■ F B I N A A
WHAT WAS YOUR WORST JOB? Cleaning out chicken houses
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