J A N U A R Y/ F E B R U A R Y 2 0 1 3 • V O L U M E 1 5 , N U M B E R 1
THE MAGAZINE OF THE
FBI NATIONAL ACADEMY ASSOCIATES
EMERGING TECHNOLOGY THREATS AND LAW ENFORCEMENT
Justice Information System (CJIS) Compliance Options for Law Enforcement Agencies
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TABLE OF CONTENTS A
JANUARY / FEBRUARY 2013 • VOLUME 15 / ISSUE 1
4 Association Perspective
Here’s to a New Year and New Goals Doug Muldoon
22 Message from our Chaplain
Strive for Sincere Prayer When you pray, be honest and stay true to who you are. Billy Gibson
24 Staying on the Yellow Brick Road
Manual Resistance Building strength with help from a partner instead of standard gym equipment adds variety to physical training programs.
Technology Threats and Law Enforcement Jason Thomas and Katherine Sagona-Stophel
14 Criminal Justice Information System (CJIS) Compliance Options for Law Enforcement Agencies
Douglas R. Kane
16 Addiction Hotline
Safe Call Now provides addicted public safety personnel with confidential and experienced help when they most need it. Eric Olsen
18 18 How to Use
Police Vehicle Tests
Agencies rely on the Michigan and California evaluations as a starting point for selecting new patrol vehicles. Paul Clinton
Foundation Makes Charitable Donations
John G. Van Vorst
EACH ISSUE 2 Executive Board 6 Chapter Chat 10 Alliances AD INDEX IFC 2 5 7 11 17 21 23 IBC BC
American Military University Trident University Justice Federal Credit Union Troy University Purdue Quantico Tactical Elbeco, Inc. Police Magazine University of Phoenix Taser International
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â&#x20AC;&#x153;Continuing Growth Through Training and Educationâ&#x20AC;?
Representative, Section Iâ&#x20AC;&#x201D;Johnnie Adams Support Operations Commander UCLA Police Department (CA) email@example.com Representative, Section IIâ&#x20AC;&#x201D;Kevin Wingerson Operations Pasadena Police Department (TX) firstname.lastname@example.org
AA SS SS OO CC II AA TT EE The Magazine of the FBI National Academy Associates
Association Presidentâ&#x20AC;&#x201D;Doug Muldoon Chief Palm Bay Police Department (FL) email@example.com
Representative, Section IIIâ&#x20AC;&#x201D;Joey Reynolds Police Chief Bluffton Police Department (SC) firstname.lastname@example.org
Past Presidentâ&#x20AC;&#x201D;Diane Scanga Captain/Academy Director Director of Public Safety Services Jefferson College (MO) email@example.com
Representative, Section IVâ&#x20AC;&#x201D;Scott Dumas Deputy Chief Rochester Police Department (NH) firstname.lastname@example.org
1st Vice President, Section IVâ&#x20AC;&#x201D;Laurie Cahill Detective Lieutenant Ocean County Sheriffâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s Dpt. (NJ) email@example.com
Chaplainâ&#x20AC;&#x201D;William C. Gibson Director (retired) S.C. Criminal, Justice Academy (SC) firstname.lastname@example.org
2nd Vice President, Section Iâ&#x20AC;&#x201D;Joe Gaylord Protective Services Manager Central Arizona Porject (AZ) email@example.com
Historianâ&#x20AC;&#x201D;Terrence (Terry) Lucas Law Enforcement Coordinator U.S. Attorney - Central District (IL) firstname.lastname@example.org
3rd Vice President, Section IIâ&#x20AC;&#x201D;Barry Thomas Chief Deputy/Captain Story County. Sheriffâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s Office (IA) email@example.com
Executive Directorâ&#x20AC;&#x201D;Greg Cappetta FBI NAA, Inc. Executive Office (VA) firstname.lastname@example.org
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J A N U A R Y/ F E B R U A R Y 2 0 1 3 VOLUME 15 ★ NUMBER 1
The National Academy Associate is a publication of the FBI National Academy Associates, Inc. Greg Cappetta / Executive Director/Managing Editor Ashley R. Sutton / Communications Manager © Copyright 2013, the FBI National Academy Associates, Inc. Reproduction of any part of this magazine without express written permission is strictly prohibited. The National Academy Associate is published bi-monthly by the FBI National Academy Associates, Inc., National Executive Office, FBI Academy, Quantico, VA 22135; phone: (703) 632-1990, fax: (703) 632-1993. The FBI National Academy Associates, Inc. is a private, non-profit organization and is not part of the Federal Bureau of Investigation or acting on the FBI’s behalf. Editorial submissions should be e-mailed to ashley Sutton at email@example.com. Submissions may vary in length from 500– 2000 words, and shall not be submitted simultaneously to other publications. The FBI National Academy Associates, Inc., the Executive Board and the editors of the National Academy Associate neither endorse nor guarantee completeness or accuracy of material used that is obtained from sources considered reliable, nor accept liability resulting from the adoption or use of any methods, procedures, recommendations, or statements recommended or implied. Photographs are obtained from stock for enhancement of editorial content, but do not necessarily represent the editorial content within.
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On The Cover: Emerging Technology Threats The Anonymous movement and software applications like Tor enable people to engage in criminal activities online without fear of being traced. This is a nightmare for law enforcement. w w w.f b i n a a.o r g
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Here’s to a New Year and New Goals
DEAR FELLOW GRADUATES:
T SEEMS LIKE ONLY YESTERDAY that I
was graduating from Session 153 of the National Academy on June 16, 1988. Since that time I have had the honor and privilege to serve the Florida Chapter as an area representative, was elected board member serving as president in 1998, and was appointed as the secretary treasurer in 1999. Then I discussed how I could further serve this outstanding association of professional law enforcement officers. I decided to run for Section 3 representative in 2005 when Florida hosted the FBINAA annual conference at Walt Disney World in Orlando. I also had the privilege of serving as a coconference chair with Rickey Ricks for this event. That conference brought many smiles to our members and their families. Over 3,200 people attended, with more than 500 being the children or grandchildren of our members. More importantly, the 2005 FBINAA conference underscored what we are all about: great world class training and the opportunity to further network amongst ourselves. This organization, bar none, is one where when you need assistance, whatever assistance it may be, you can reach out to a fellow NA graduate and obtain that help. And this assistance travels worldwide in our organization. The more important reality is you cannot buy your way into the FBINAA. You must attend the FBI National Academy and earn the privilege to become a member. In looking back over the time since I attended the National Academy I realize how much this organization has played a role in shaping my future. Professionally, it provided me the opportunity to use my training and contacts to help my agency and to also acquire the skills to continue to move through the ranks in my department and eventually become the chief of police. Personally, I find the contacts and lifetime friendships that I’ve made while attending annual conferences, local trainings, and social gatherings are irreplaceable and have become as important to my wife, Sue, and four daughters, who have also established many meaningful friendships. These professional contacts and friendships are unlike any others because of the FBINAA bond that we share and our willingness to help each other solve crime and become better professionals in our respective agencies. I can only tell you that my goal for 2013 is twofold. Over my
term on the board we have worked hard to become transparent and inclusive. You can see that over the past several years we have included members in all committees and programs such as the Youth Leadership Program so that each of you can be more a part of this great organization. I plan to continue in that vein and work to get our members active and involved in our association. After all, this association is all about you. My second goal is to work with our corporate partners. I have modified one of our committees to concentrate on the association’s public-private partnerships with an emphasis on generating more corporate partnerships and continuing to work hand in hand with our current partners. I also know that the FBINAA Foundation is continuing to grow and to assist our members in their times of need. Since its inception it has helped FBINAA members impacted by both life situations and several natural disasters. Your continued support of the Foundation is greatly appreciated. In November of 2013 the Foundation and your Association will host the first ever Human Trafficking Symposium in Ottawa, Canada. I hope to see many of you participate in this worldwide effort and show that by working together we can make a difference. I want to thank everyone for your support over the years and the confidence you have placed in me. And most importantly, thank you for your friendships. I look forward to working with you and the entire association board, who all have your best interests at heart. I wish you all a prosperous and healthy 2013. ■ F B I N A A Sincerely,
Doug Muldoon Doug Muldoon, 2013 President
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CHAPTER CHAT The intent of this column is to communicate chapter news. Announcements may include items of interest such as member news, section activities, events, training calendar, special programs, etc. Refer to the editorial submission deadlines, particularly with date-sensitive announcements. Submit chapter news and high-resolution digital jpg or tif photos with captions to: Ashley Sutton, FBINAA, Inc., at firstname.lastname@example.org phone: (302) 644-4744 • fax (302) 644-7764
ALASKA ★ The Alaska retrainer recently took place with nearly 80 law enforcement officers from local, state, and federal agencies in attendance. A highlight was a sports banquet where chapter members tried their hand at sinking a basketball in a hoop or shooting a hockey puck in a net for a score to win great prizes. SAC Mary Rook swore in the 2013 Alaska chapter officers.
DC The FBINAA DC Chapter held its Annual Summer picnic on Sep. 15, 2012 at Fort Hunt Park in Virginia. The picnic was a huge success, with the U.S. Park Police presenting a large law enforcement exhibit. U.S. Park Police Eagle One (helicopter) landed, a U.S. Park Police SWAT tactical vehicle was on scene, a U.S. Park Police K-9 team and three U.S. Park Police Horse Mounted Unit members were also present. All the children had a great time climbing all over the equipment and resources, especially the horses! Approximately a dozen current NA session attendees and 40 DC Chapter members attended the picnic and all had a great time. Former FBI WFO ADIC Jim McJunkin and his predecessor, former FBI WFO ADIC Joseph Perschini Jr., both attended the event. A special thanks goes to FBINAA
DC Chapter President Scott Fear for coordinating the U.S. Park Police assets, as well as for cooking all day long.
years of policing, public safety, and business management experience to the Flagler County (Fla.) Sheriff’s Office.
★ George S. Steffen, Session 223, was promoted to chief deputy, Pinellas County (Fla.) Sheriff’s Office effective Sep. 28.
★ After nearly 28 years with the Lower Pottsgrove (Pa.) Township Police Department, Chief Michael Shade, Session 233, retired effective Jan. 20, 2012. However, he’s not hanging up his law enforcement career. Instead, he is now serving with the Montgomery County Detectives, assigned as a detective with their Major Crimes unit. Shade started his law enforcement career Jan. 23, 1984 at the Lower Pottsgrove Township Police Department. He served as patrolman, detective, and for the past six years as the department’s chief of police. ★ Subsequent to the retirement of Chief Michael Shade, Lt. Michael Foltz, Session 244, was promoted to chief of police on July 9, 2012. Foltz had served in the capacity of acting chief of police since January 2012 and has served with the Lower Pottsgrove PD in Montgomery County, Pa., since Nov. 2, 1988. Chief Foltz has a bachelor’s degree in criminal justice from Albright College in Reading, Pa., and a master’s degree in public safety administration from Saint Joseph’s University in Philadelphia. Chief Foltz has served in many capacities within the department over his 24year tenure, including patrol officer, detective, detective sergeant, and lieutenant. Eastern Pennsylvania: Chief Michael Foltz of the Lower Pottsgrove Township Police Department is pictured at his swearing in ceremony with Chief Tom Hyers of the Springettsbury Township (Pa.) Police Department in York County, Pa. Both new chiefs are graduates of Session 244.
Florida: Chief Bill Hall, Session 184, of the South Daytona (Fla.) Police Department retired January 11, 2013. ➔
DC: (Left to right) Ron Ferguson, DC Chapter chaplain; Michael Spochart, DC Chapter treasurer; U.S. Park Police pilot; U.S. Park Police co-pilot; Scott Fear, DC Chapter president; U.S. Park Police paramedic; Michelle Milam, DC Chapter 1st Vice President; S/A Kevin Donnelly, FBI WFO Training Coordinator; Donna Anzalone, DC Chapter 2nd Vice President; and Don Soranno, DC Chapter Member At Large attended the DC Chapter Annual Summer Picnic.
★ On Oct 1, 2012 David Dyess was appointed as the chief of police for the Stuart Police Department in Florida. He attended FBI NA Session 226. ★ Flagler County Sheriff-elect James Manfre announced the selection of Frederick “Rick” Staly, a veteran law enforcement leader and successful business owner, as his selection for undersheriff. Staly brings more than 38
★ Chief Jay Romine, Session 184, has retired as chief of the Holmes Beach (Fla.) Police Department. He has served as chief since July 1993. He has also served as the president of the Florida Police Chiefs Association and chairman of the State of Florida Criminal Justice Standards and Training Commission after being appointed by Gov. Jeb Bush and Gov. Rick Scott. ★ Pat McGowan, captain with the Plantation (Fla.) Police Department, retired Oct. 25. He is now employed as the assistant director of public safety at Nova Southeastern University. Major/Assistant Chief Dennis Hoecherl retired from the Bartow (Fla.) Police Department on Dec. 31. Major Hoecherl has been with the Bartow Police Department since 1982 and is a graduate of FBI NA class 180. ➔
★ Joe McNichol retired effective April 30 after completing 30 years with the City of Coral Gables (Fla.) Police Department. He was serving as acting chief of police when he retired but his official rank was major. ★ Charles Skalaski, Session 92, retired chief of police of the Coral Gables (Fla.) Police Department, died on Nov. 8.
KANSAS/WESTERN MISSOURI ★ Congratulations are in order for two of our NA grads from the Kansas City (Mo.) Police Department. As of Jan. 3, 2013, the following have been promoted: Randy Hopkins, Session 214, promoted to deputy chief; Floyd Mitchell, Session 236, promoted to major. ★ Congratulations to Chief Glenn Ladd, Session 138, with the North Kansas City (Mo.) Police Department on his retirement Feb. 1. He has dedicated 39 years to his community and profession. ★ Past FBINAA national president Sid Mitchell, Session 167, has come out of retirement to accept a position as deputy chief in Edwardsville, Kan.
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CHAPTER CHAT ★ Chapter President Elect Zim Schwartze, Session 231, has accepted a position with the City of Springfield, Mo. Schwartze comes to Springfield from Columbia, Mo., where she served the City of Columbia for 20 years with varied leadership roles in law enforcement, emergency dispatch communications, and emergency management. Zim will serve as the new Director of Emergency Communications for the Springfield-Greene County area. Kansas/Western Missouri: Chapter President Elect Zim Schwartze, Session 231, has accepted a position with the City of Springfield, Mo.
★ Sedgwick County, Kan., Sheriff Bob Hinshaw, Session 191, celebrated over 33 years of service upon his retirement on Dec. 12. Many friends and co-workers joined him at the Sedgwick County Courthouse to wish him well. Good luck, Bob, and enjoy retirement. ★ It is with a heavy heart that I inform you and the Kansas/Western Missouri FBINAA Chapter of the passing of Chief Paul Cheavens of the Columbia (Mo.) Police Department. Chief Cheavens was a true leader and started his career in 1950. He served as chief from 1954 to 1975 and was the longest serving chief in the police department that was established in 1899. Chief Cheavens graduated from FBI NA Session 56 in Nov. 1955 and maintained his active membership with our chapter over the years. Chief Cheavens was also a past president of the Missouri Police Chiefs Association and a military veteran. Kansas/Western Missouri: Chief Paul Cheavens of the Columbia (Mo.) Police Department has passed away. He graduated from FBI NA Session 56 in Nov. 1955 and maintained an active FBINAA Chapter membership over the years.
Those in attendance also had the pleasure of hearing from the New England Chapter’s 2012 YLP graduate David Grover Jr. David spoke of his experiences and thanked the members for the opportunity to attend YLP. All in attendance agreed that David represented our chapter well and his father David Grover, graduate of session 211, should be very proud of this exceptional young man. ★ Congratulations to the following New England Chapter members for their recent professional achievements: ★ On Aug. 20 Jamie Hainsworth, former police chief of Glocester (R.I.) Police Department and a graduate of Session 182, was sworn in as a United States marshal for the District of Rhode Island. ★ Joel Dolan of Salem (N.H.) PD and a graduate of Session 238 was promoted to lieutenant. Joel is also the chapter’s YLP coordinator. ★ Patty Sherrill of Canton (Mass.) PD and a graduate of Session 227 was a counselor for YLP Session 15. ★ Phillip A. Tavares was promoted to chief on Sep. 1 within the Marshfield (Mass.) Police Department.
NEW YORK/EASTERN CANADA ★ FBI NA Session 236 graduate Jim Read and fellow class members Edward Aceves, Franco Barberio, and John Rowan held a “Section 7” reunion in Montauk, N.Y., in late August. On day 2 they networked with other National Academy graduates in law enforcement at local Montauk Long Island restaurant the Shagwong. The FBI NA seal was given to Chief Read by retired FBI Special Agent in Charge New York Office Edward Ludemann. The seal is proudly displayed at all “Section 7” networking meetings.
NEW MEXICO ★ The New Mexico Chapter Fall Retrainer was conducted at the Albuquerque Police Department Academy Oct. 17‒18. Chief Ray Schultz, Session 197, and his staff were great hosts. The training was excellent and included topics such as the proliferation of “Spice” and other synthetic drugs, new approaches to ethics training for a new generation, case histories of extremist groups, and leadership and legal updates.
NEW ENGLAND ★ On Nov. 28 the New England Chapter and the Society of Former Special Agents hosted their 2012 Holiday get together with more than 130 attendees. The incoming 2013 chapter officers were sworn in by Special Agent in Charge Richard DesLauriers of the Boston office. The following members took the chapter oath: ★ President Michael E. Botieri (Mass.), Session 171 ★ 1st Vice President Kevin T. Stevens (Vt.), Session 213 ★ 2nd Vice President David W. Grover (Maine), Session 211 ★ 3rd Vice President John LeLacheur (N.H.), Session 241 ★ 4th Vice President Patrick W. Jones (R.I.), Session 245 ★ Immediate Past President Robin M. Winslow (R.I.), Session 238
tion of 1st Vice President Ed Reynolds, Steve Shaw, Session 209, was elected Presidentelect; Andy Bowen, Session 240, was elected 1st Vice President; and Claire McCarthy was elected 2nd Vice President at the fall business meeting, held at the famous El Pinto restaurant located in Albuquerque’s beautiful North Valley.
New Mexico: Newly elected chapter officers Lt. Claire McCarthy, NMSU PD; Deputy Chief Andy Bowen; Deputy Chief (Ret.) Steve Shaw; and FBINAA NM Chapter Secretary/Treasurer Steve Cox attended the Fall retrainer at the Albuquerque Police Department Academy.
★ New Mexico Chapter members were happy to welcome former FBI NA coordinator and retired special agent Rich Price after learning he has returned safely from Afghanistan. ★ Chapter offices were filled at the recent fall business meeting. Following the resigna-
New York/Eastern Canada: “Section 7” FBI National Academy graduates gathered for a reunion in August. Pictured from left to right are East Hampton (N.Y.) PD Chief Edward Ecker, Session 169; S/Inv. Suffolk County (N.Y.) DA’s Office Robert Flood, Session 172; La Mesa (Calif.) PD Chief Edward Aceves, Session 236; East Hampton (N.Y.) PD Lt. Tom Grenci, Session 227; Suffolk County (N.Y.) PD Lt. John Rowan, Session 236; Westhampton Beach (N.Y.) PD Chief Ray Dean, Session 208; Riverhead (N.Y.) PD Chief David Hegermiller, Session 180; NYPD ESU Lt. Franco Barberio, Session 236; and Shelter Island (N.Y.) PD Chief Jim Read, Session 236.
★ Ricky L. Whitney, Session 193, is finishing up his second year of a four-year term as the sheriff of Allegany County, N.Y. Sheriff Whitney left the Bolivar (N.Y.) Police Department after 35 years of service, the last 30 as chief of police on Dec. 31, 2010, and immediately began Rick L. Whitney his term as sheriff on Jan. 1, 2011, after defeating the incumbent sheriff in the November election.
OHIO ★ Thomas Doyle, Session 138, was chief of the Greenville (Ohio) PD when he attended the academy in 1984 and retained that position until moving to become chief of the Greenhills (Ohio) PD in 2005. Tom remained in this position until he recently accepted the chief ranger position at the Hamilton County
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(Ohio) Park Ranger Department. The park rangers is a very active department having full police responsibility within the county park system’s 17 parks, 4 conservation areas, and 7 golf courses covering more than 13,000 acres spread throughout the 412 square miles of Hamilton County. Tom has been active in the Ohio FBINAA Chapter, having served on the state executive board and serving as president in 1997.
SOUTH CAROLINA ★ Mike Crenshaw, Session 181, was elected sheriff of Oconee County and took office on January 1, 2013. Sheriff Crenshaw has lived in Oconee County for his entire life and has more than 25 years of law enforcement experience. ★ Scott Rutherford, Session 234, has been promoted to deputy chief of the Horry County (S.C.) Police Department. He had been serving as captain of narcotics with the HCPD. ★ Kelvin Waites, Session 248, has been selected as deputy chief of the Horry County (S.C.) Police Department. He had been serving as a captain with the City of Georgetown (S.C.) Police Department. ★ Chief Randy Scott, Sesssion 232, of the Columbia (S.C.) Police Department has received the Strom Thurmond Excellence in Law Enforcement Award. Chief Scott was cited for improving morale, providing department stability, and renewing the department’s focus on community policing and reducing violent crime.
WASHINGTON ★ William “Bill” Deckard, Session 217, of the Everett (Wash.) Police Department traveled to Cape Town, South Africa, in September, working in conjunction with the State Department. Bill serves as secretary for the National Association of School Resource Officers (NASRO), a non-profit training organization of 6,000 members. Bill and a coalition of trainers assisted the Cape Town South African Municipal Government in establishing a school-based policing program and presenting a basic class to new school resource officers (SROs).
Washington: Bill Deckard of the Everett (Wash.) Police Department traveled to Cape Town, South Africa, as secretary of NASRO to help establish a training program there. He is shown with Cape Town Mayor Patricia de Lille and NASRO Executive Director Mo Canady.
★ Jerry Dodd, Session 162, was appointed chief of police of the Mount Vernon (Wash.) Police Department on Nov. 16. Jerry is a 33-year veteran of the department and has served in a number of assignments and positions including patrol, FTO, K-9 handler, sergeant, Commander of Crime Prevention, CID, and regional drug task force, and has served as the administrative services lieutenant for the past 16 years. He is a graduate of Western Washington University and was sworn in by Mayor Jill Boudreau. Washington: Jerry Dodd was sworn in as chief of police of the Mt. Vernon (Wash.) PD by Mayor Jill Boudreau.
trip also included an excursion to Paris, France hosted by Fabrice Cuvillier, Session 221, who enjoys giving guided tours and showing off ‘his’ “City of Lights,” particularly to FBI NA grads. Cindy and Gail are both past chapter presidents (1998 and 2004, respectively). Cindy currently serves as Washington Chapter Treasurer.
Washington: While in Europe attending the European Chapter Conference in October, Cindy Reed and Gail Harris received a guided tour of Paris, France courtesy of fellow graduate and Parisian resident Fabrice Cuvillier.
★ Maj. John Manning, Session 240, of the Bellevue (Wash.) Police Department presided over the “Make a Wish” and “Walk for Wishes” 5k Fun Run and Walk events in September. The two-day event featured 13-year-old Gage who was “sworn in” as a Bellevue police officer. A Bellevue PD and King County Sheriff’s Office motorcade escorted Gage to a training day that included defensive tactics, a building search of a “burglary in progress,” and “arrest” of a burglary suspect. Gage, whose wish was to become a police officer, remarked that his favorite part of the wish was “that it will last forever.”
★ Rick Scott, Session 181, was appointed sheriff of Grays Harbor County, Wash., in October, completing the term of Sheriff Mike Whelan, who retired. Rick is a 35-year veteran of the department who most recently served as Undersheriff. Rick is a past president of the Chapter (2007) and currently serves as a conference committee chair. Dave Pimentel, Session 230, and Steve Shumate, Rick Scott Session 246, were promoted to undersheriff and chief criminal deputy, respectively, following the appointment of Sheriff Scott.
Washington: Maj. John Manning of Bellevue (Wash.) PD presided over the “Make a Wish” and “Walk for Wishes” 5k Fun Run and Walk events in September, where 13-year-old cancer patient Gage was “sworn in” as a Bellevue officer.
★ Mike Zaro, Session 240, Assistant Chief of the Lakewood (Wash.) Police Department, recently presented “Lessons Learned – Lakewood Police Department Shooting” at the Nevada FBINAA and Nevada Sheriffs’ and Chiefs’ Association Annual Training Conference on Oct. 24.
★ Don Persson, Session 113, was appointed by Gov. Christine Gregoire to the State of Washington’s Forensic Investigations Council in October. The Council is responsible for overseeing the State Toxicology Laboratory, the State Patrol Crime Lab, and the Forensic Pathology Fellowship Program. Councilmember Persson will serve a two-year term. He formerly served with the Renton (Wash.) Police Department. Don Persson He also served as FBINAA Washington Chapter President in 1999 and is a valuable catering resource for the chapter at Lessons Learned and holiday events. ★ Cindy Reed, Session 134, and Gail Harris, Session 190, attended the European Chapter Conference in October 2012 in Monaco. The
★ The Washington Chapter sends our condolences and sympathy to the Gregory Dymerski and James Knutsen families. Gregory Dymerski, Session 234, passed away on Apr. 24 after a two-year battle against a rare form of cancer. Greg began his law enforcement career with the King County (Wash.) Police Department in 1983. His previous positions and duties included detective, PIO, captain, major assigned to the City of SeaTac, and assistant chief of CID with the King County Sheriff’s Office. James “Jim” Knutsen, Session 109, passed away on May 18 in Puyallup, Wash. Jim began his law enforcement career with the Tacoma Police Department in 1967 and held the positions of patrolman, investigator, sergeant, lieutenant, and captain, and retiring as assistant chief of field operations in 1986. ■ F B I N A A w w w.f b i n a a.o r g
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Innovative Data Solutions, Inc. 200 E. Robinson St., Suite 525, Orlando, FL 32801 800-749-5104 • www.imagineids.com
231 North Martingale Road Schaumburg, IL 60173 224.293.5580 www.coloradotech.edu
University of Maryland University College 3501 University Boulvard East Adelphi, MD 20783 (301) 985-7542 www.umuc.edu
A Strategic Ally of the FBINAA
University of Oklahoma
1430 Spring Hill Road, Suite 600 McLean, Virginia 22102 (703) 921-0195 • (888) 546-5242 www.i2group.com/us
6301 Kaplan University Ave. Fort Lauderdale, FL 33309 (866) 229-5944 www.fbinaa.kaplan.edu
College of Liberal Studies 1610 Asp St. Norman, OK 73072 (800) 522-4389 email@example.com
St. Cloud State University
Upper Iowa University
720 Fourth Avenue South St. Cloud, MN 56301 (320) 308-0121
P.O. Box 1861 Fayette, IA 52142 (888) 877-3742 www.uiu.edu
A Strategic Academic Ally
University of Phoenix 3157 E. Elwood St. Phoenix, AZ 85034 (866) 766-0766 www.phoenix.edu
CORPORATE ALLIANCES Shell Oil Company Shell Corporate Security, One Shell Plaza 910 Louisana Street Houston, TX 77002 www.shell.com
United Parcel Service 55 Glenlake Pkwy, NE. Atlanta, GA 30328 www.ups.com
The Response Network P.O. Box 5520 Hanover, New Hampshire 03755 www.theresponsenetwork
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To aid in the prevention of prescription drug abuse and diversion
FREE Professional Educational Programs Presented by Experienced Former Officers Forged and Altered Prescriptions
The Purdue Pharma Law Enforcement Liaison and Education Unit, which is staffed by retired law enforcement officials, provides FREE educational materials, as well as drug identification cards and placebos for “reverse-sting” undercover operations. Training – Topics include preventing and investigating prescription drug diversion; scams against physicians; pharmacy scams; investigating criminal prescribers; and pain topics and definitions related to the use of opioids for the treatment of pain. Placebos – Identical to real controlled substances manufactured by Purdue Pharma, but contain no controlled substances. Their use is restricted to criminal investigations.
Anti-Crime Program – RxPATROL® (Rx Pattern Analysis Tracking Robberies and Other Losses) is designed to assist law enforcement efforts to apprehend and prosecute pharmacy robbers and scammers, as well as to help protect pharmacies. Using a Web-based program, RxPATROL collects, collates, and analyzes information from pharmacy theft reports across the U.S. The RxPATROL Web site—www.rxpatrol.org—has links to the National Association of Drug Diversion Investigators and to the National Community Pharmacists’ Association.
Educational Materials – Drug ID cards with full-color, actual-size photographs of the most For more information, contact John Gilbride, commonly abused prescription Director of the Law Enforcement Liaison and Education Unit, at 203-588-7220 drugs, according to the National Association of Drug Diversion Purdue Pharma L.P. One Stamford Forum, Stamford, CT 06901-3431 Investigators. Educational brochures &AX s % MAIL LEPrograms@pharma.com on preventing prescription drug abuse for law enforcement officers to distribute to pharmacies, physicians, and hospitals, which include how to spot and deal with scammers. © 2012, Purdue Pharma L.P.
All of these programs are provided at no cost. We do not promote any company’s products. Our sole objective is to provide information that supports law enforcement to help keep prescription drugs out of the hands of criminals in order to ensure that these drugs are available for patients with real medical needs.
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THREATS AND LAW ENFORCEMENT
Jason Thomas and Katherine Sagona-Stophel
The future is already here—it’s just not evenly distributed. —William Gibson
AST SEPTEMBER the first live-Facebooking of a kidnapping occurred. In an office complex in downtown Pittsburgh, Klein Michael Thaxton allegedly took hostage the owner of CW Breitsman Associates, Charles Breitsman. For the next five hours, Thaxton posted updates to his Facebook account detailing his actions. “i cant take it no more im done bro,” said one post. “this life im livin rite now i dnt want anymore,” another post said. “ive lost everything and I aint gettin it back.” Contained within this one incident are the makings of emergent criminal behavior that law enforcement agencies will face in the coming years. For most Internet-savvy individuals, this comes as no surprise. For years criminals have used technology as a tool to cause mayhem. However, what makes the future unique in terms of how technology is used is that it simply is in more people’s hands. Technology has become democratized. Capabilities that were only available to governments and large corporations five years ago are now within reach of anyone with an iPhone. Internet users are increasingly realizing how much of their data is publicly exposed. Criminals and victims alike affected by cybercrime-related offenses have taken note of their information insecurities and are making stronger attempts to prevent further exposure of their information, legal or otherwise.
The question then is what we do about it. To reach a consensus on how to mitigate the problem, law enforcement must first understand the challenge. Let’s look at two threats: the hacktivist group Anonymous and the technology Tor. By doing so, we can shed light on the criminal privatization of technology and its threat to citizens, businesses, and national security.
Anonymous Most people understand Anonymous as a hacking group. Although there are splinter groups that hide under the umbrella of Anonymous, Anonymous members believe themselves to be a part of an idea, not a tangible group. This idea relates to a user’s right to privacy and freedom from government intervention on the Internet, known as net neutrality. Such beliefs are paradoxical because adherents to net neutrality wish to maintain anonymity but also advocate for extreme transparency within governments. The desire of Anonymous for privacy is sourced in its history in a message board called 4chan. A main feature of 4chan permitted users to post without signing into the site–4chan would simply claim the post was written by “anonymous.” This anonymizing ability enabled any user to detach his or her real identity from his or her post history. This lack of individual identity ultimately led to the site’s repertoire for vulgarity. Each post a user freely wrote went relatively unmonitored, leading 4chan to pride itself on claiming a reputation for offen-
siveness. The extent of 4chan’s vulgarity would not have existed were it not for its anonymous feature. 4chan’s passion for anonymity evolved into the well-known activist group now known as Anonymous, and its desire for online privacy continued to be paramount to its collective culture. Soon after its “founding,” Anomymous attacked the Church of Scientology, declaring “war” on the Church for its aggressive use of Internet censorship. Anonymous has launched international operations to allegedly promote its stance on protecting citizens. Splinter groups across the world use the Anonymous ideology to inspire attacks. Anonymous members who observe persecution for public social media posts, associated with Anonymous or not, are searching for innovative ways to launch attacks and, more importantly, find ways to keep themselves and their information private. One example is Tor.
What is Tor? The Onion Router (Tor), a software application, allows its users to browse the Web anonymously. Additionally, a portion of the Tor network known as Tor Hidden Services lets users publish Websites and other services anonymously. Tor distributes users’ online traffic throughout various relays, called nodes, on the Tor network. Each time a user visits a Website through Tor, the traffic travels through a different group of nodes using encrypted connections before it reaches its end destination. Through this randomized pathway, there is no single node that knows the entire path between
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the user’s origin and destination, keeping a Tor user’s IP address and activity only known to the user.
.onion .onion is the top-level domain suffix for hidden services only reachable through using Tor. Since it is just as difficult to determine who is either hosting or using a site, the .onion domain provides security for both the creator and user of hidden services, functionally allowing Tor users to set up Websites without worrying about censorship or tracking. It appears the most prevalent use of Tor Hidden Services on .onion comes from commerce Websites that allow for the buying and selling of illicit goods and services. This is followed by discussion/ instant messaging (IM) services and Bitcoin (virtual currency) services. Another large portion of users of Tor Hidden Services is devoted to trafficking in child pornography.
Commercial Transactions Tor Hidden Services allows access to online black and gray markets within Tor’s network and have existed for longer than the recently exposed Silk Road. These hidden markets allow users to
maintain a delicate balance between increasing sales of illicit material and maintaining anonymity. Finding links to more popular hidden markets is possible through moderate searching, but these links are normally set up to deter less motivated or less tech-savvy users from using their site. As the most publicly known hidden market, Silk Road’s creators believe all products should be available for sale regardless of legality. While various contraband and services are for sale, the largest market is for drugs. Silk Road takes a number of precautions to ensure safety for its consumers and vendors: • Those who are able to access a hidden Website are required to log in (emails are not required for registration, however). • Silk Road uses a tumbler system, creating dummy transactions in order to mask the true purchase. • Silk Road keeps a public domain page up pretending the site is down in order to deter less knowledgeable users. Another example of a hidden market on Tor is The Assassination Market. The Assassination Market advertises itself as a weapons and hitman marketplace. This is essentially a message board; hence, its credibility is consistently questioned by anonymous posters, and many times, communications on the site fail to establish any transactions. The most popular responses relate to weapons exchanges, and are usually followed by private chat requests.
Responding to the Challenge The emergence of criminal activity through private online interactions has created a set of challenges unique to the online environment. Many of us are aware of and deal with criminal activities on more public Websites such as CraigsList, but there is a much deeper and growing faction of online criminal activity that law enforcement will battle into the future. Technological breakthroughs like Tor, coupled with crowdsourced anonymized groups of people bent on causing disruption, are creating unprecedented problems. Add to that mix the pace at which technology increases and now we have a situation in which we cannot predict where or how fast a criminal threat can emerge. A fundamental shift in how we look at crime and its
occurrence in cyberspace needs to occur. We need not only an awareness of the problem but also financial and legislative solutions that support law enforcement’s ability to respond. In the end, knowing the problem and staying current with emerging technologies is a good first step. Further steps include awareness and education of staff through associations like the FBI National Academy Associates and the International Association of Chiefs of Police. Local law enforcement leaders can offer training and equip the current generation of law enforcement officers with the skills needed to work within this new environment. Partnering with state and federal investigators and private entities to gain intelligence on the topic of technology and cybercrime will only strengthen your force and match the fundamental shift occurring within criminal communities. ■ F B I N A A Jason Thomas is employed by Thomson Reuters Special Services as a senior strategic analyst and focuses on open source intelligence collection and analysis. More specifically, he examines crowdsourcing, collective intelligence, social media applications, gaming, and mobile applications and their use in solving intelligence problems. Katherine Sagona-Stophel is employed by Thomson Reuters Special Services as a government analyst. Focused on open source collection, she specializes in understanding the power of crowd sourcing through social media applications, gaming, and mobile technologies in order to solve intelligence problems. Thomson Reuters is the premier provider of information intelligence across the globe for businesses and professionals. CLEAR is the next-generation online investigative solution from Thomson Reuters for law enforcement and government investigators. CLEAR offers a robust collection of both public and proprietary records, now including enhanced criminal coverage, alerting functionality, and work affiliations data, to help you close cases faster. Web Analytics, a feature within CLEAR, instantly searches and categorizes social network sites, blogs, news sites and watchlists within the deep Web, while you run your public records search. CLEAR also provides batch services and systwem-to-system capabilities for your specific investigative needs. Learn more at clear.thomsonreuters.com.
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Criminal Justice Information System (CJIS) Compliance Options for Law Enforcement Agencies Douglas R. Kane
THERE ARE MANY CHALLENGES facing law enforcement agencies in the 21st century. In addition to traditional policing issues now agencies must also be concerned with protecting sensitive data and providing e-mail communication security. The impending CJIS (Criminal Justice Information Services Division of the FBI) mandate, with a Department of Justice (DOJ) deadline of September 2013, requires public safety organizations to protect access to CJIS data regardless of the location from which it is requested. CJIS compliance requires the following: ★ Advanced login authentication consisting of two forms of approved authentication credentials, centrally managed by the agency network ★ Access control to sensitive data systems with a combination of criteria such as location, user’s role, and time of access ★ Secure password policies to authenticate user IDs While definitely attuned to the ongoing threats and hacking efforts to obtain sensitive data, DOJ’s revamped CJIS Security Policy raises the bar for protecting information security for any public agency whose personnel access criminal justice records. These security standards were designed to ensure appropriate measures are in place to protect CJIS information against unauthorized access and accidental loss. However, this mandate places the responsibility directly upon the agency for selection and procurement of specialty equipment and software to achieve compliance.
Finding the Right Solution IT IS IMPORTANT for agency and department executives to consider the available options for compliance with the CJIS mandate and the short- and long-term consequences when selecting the appropriate cyber-security solutions. Compatibility with existing infrastructure, operational effectiveness, initial cost, and any recurring costs must all be taken into consideration. Advanced authentication has been defined by DOJ to mean the use of credentials such as biometrics, smart cards, userbased public key infrastructure (PKI), software tokens, hardware tokens, or one-time passwords that provide for additional security to the typical login ID and user password. With this choice of options, executive management must decide what solutions are appropriate for their culture and which solutions best meet their operational needs. I have observed firsthand the career-ending consequences in both the private and public sector when appropriate steps are not taken to protect confidential and proprietary data. During fast-breaking situations, information is needed immediately and login credentials are frequently shared or admin credentials utilized, exposing the network to vulnerabilities or data compromise that may not surface until a later date. The importance of cyber security cannot be understated. Therefore, this
should be an opportunity for agencies to enhance their cyber security measures as they meet the impending CJIS mandate.
Biometric Authentication BIOMETRIC-BASED ADVANCED AUTHENTICATION is the leading solution for CJIS compliance. Available biometric solutions include equipment readers that scan a user’s fingerprints or retinas to authenticate access. A biometric system relies on something that cannot be lost, namely a fingerprint or retinal scan, which is unique to each individual. While retina scan equipment for mobile operational deployment scenarios may be functionally difficult, the use of a person’s fingerprint is comparatively easy. Great improvements have been made to the fingerprint readers that were available in the late 1990s, and today’s readers have proved to be resilient and highly functional. With no additional authentication equipment to issue or inventory, users can authenticate with their fingerprints during an onboarding process that can be done locally or pushed from the server side of the network. Once a user’s fingerprints have been uploaded, he or she can use any deployed biometric reader to authenticate and access the system. Portable readers can plug into a computer’s USB port or keyboards with biometric readers can be used by any authorized employee. The information is cached in an encrypted file on the server using AES256bit encryption. The server-based software uses Windows’ Active Directory to authenticate users and provide enhanced login capabilities that provide detailed reports for compliance reviews or audits. The audit trail irrefutably links identity with activities, not only for access to CJIS resources, but also for password management of other databases, files, and folders. Active Directory is used to manage users and devices and can be deployed to use laptops with pre-existing fingerprint readers. This type of biometric solution combines the benefits of single sign-on with enhanced security, making it user-friendly and an effective management tool. If users leave or are transferred, their licenses can be transferred to new or replacement employees since user licensing is a one-time cost assigned to the agency, not to an individual employee. In the event a deployed reader breaks, one-time access can be generated with system administrator authorization.
Alternate Compliance Options BY COMPARISON, Public Key technology (PKI) utilizes software certificates with both public and private key combinations. This solution is easy to deploy, as a certificate can be e-mailed to an end user. Once installed on a computer, the certificate does not need to be touched again, and can even be transferred and stored onto a storage device such as a USB “thumb” drive. One serious disadvantage to PKI is because they are comput-
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sensitive items requiring inventory control and accountability. Lost, stolen, or damaged cards require the purchase and licensing of a new card. Smart cards usually require yearly subscription renewals and must be individually licensed. The use of a specific card cannot unequivocally be tied to an individual—if lost or stolen it still functions— nor can a smart card be remotely disabled. Another form of acceptable advanced authentication is electronic token devices. Tokens are commonly used in many industries, including the banking and health care industries. They are also used by the FBI as a form of advanced authentication for its personnel to access specific databases. Tokens come in many forms, including USB devices and smartphone applications that generate a time-based, one-time password to authenticate a user for access. While this solution offers strong and secure credentials, it is a productivity killer—users don’t like it—and it is vulnerable to compromise. RSA is the major manufacturer and technical support provider in this space. The company came under scrutiny in summer 2012 when its deployed code was cracked and token devices were compromised. Like smart cards, USB-based token devices can also be lost, requiring an equipment purchase and licensing of a new card. Application-based tokens alleviate the need for new equipment. However, the recurring costs for license renewals as well as the costs for server-based software solutions make tokens an expensive financial commitment to security. Lastly, as with smart cards, if the user forgets the token device or the smart phone application fails to launch, the computer system cannot be accessed. In the event that a computer system is lost or stolen with the token device attached, the computer and its protected programs are compromised and can be used by the individual possessing the device. As executive managers of law enforcement agencies face the deadline for meeting CJIS compliance requirements, a solution that encompasses technology legacy planning is imperative. Agencies that choose to deploy stop-gap or patchwork solutions will come to realize the additional cyber-security risks they face. These will increase exponentially as the focused efforts of hackers, popularized by Anonymous, become more rampant as they continue to take down computer networks and access sensitive information. While satisfying the CJIS requirements is important, they are only one facet of the plethora of cyber-security issues facing law enforcement. Careful assessment of available technology, measured by an agency’s ability to deploy an operationally viable solution, is critical. ■ F B I N A A
er files, certificates can and have been hacked. Since they are highly portable, they can be stolen and redeployed on a rogue machine or system. Additionally, the use of certificates does not prevent user login credentials from being hacked, meaning the system can be compromised from stolen or even shared credentials, essentially compromising the software certificate, even though the certificate itself is not touched. Whether they are stolen, lost, or otherwise compromised, compromised certificates are not disabled. Instead, certificates are reissued, which usually incurs additional fees to be charged to the agency. Smart Cards, which are similar in appearance to the proximity cards issued for access control, require a method to access the computer, which will in turn allow access to the network portal. These cards generally use the PCMCIA card slot on laptops, if the laptops are so equipped. Which points to a major drawback with the Smart Card system. If an agency fields computers without PCMCIA card slots, it will need to buy new computers that have the slot. Also, if the agency uses the PCMCIA slots on its computers for Internet access via aircards, it can’t use the slots for Smart Card verification. Some smart cards have USB-based card holders, thus alleviating the need for the PCMCIA card slot. In a mobile law enforcement setting, smart cards present significant complications in an operational environment. They are similar in size to a credit card and can be lost, stolen, or even forgotten prior to deploying to a mobile or field assignment, which means the computer system cannot be accessed. Additionally, because of their capability to provide access to sensitive information, Smart Cards should be considered
Douglas R. Kane is a 27-year veteran of the FBI who retired as a supervisory special agent. He is currently the president of Risk Control Strategies, a security consulting and investigative firm that recently obtained reseller rights for biometric solutions meeting the CJIS mandate. For additional information on the CJIS mandate you can e-mail firstname.lastname@example.org w w w.f b i n a a.o r g
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Convicted Felon SEAN AND I shared such similar career paths, but his life choices landed us on opposite sides of this table. I was now a police chief. Sean was now a felon convicted of prescription fraud and “doctor shopping.” Our paths had always intertwined, even in the worst moment of Sean’s career. I was serving as captain of operations when I had to field a call from another police agency informing me that Sean was “dirty.” It was me who had to tell the chief about the call. And the task of assigning Sean’s case to the internal affairs unit and ultimately seeing it through to conclusion also fell to me. “How did we get here?” was the question that I kept asking myself during those dark days. It’s a question that I still ask now that I am chief and Sean is a convicted felon.
IT WAS CHRISTMAS EVE and across the table from me was one of my best friends, my former beat partner Sean Riley. Sean and I were police officers together, worked the streets together, enjoyed “choir practice” together, backed each other on life-threatening calls, and vented together after tragic, life-ending calls. Sean was a highly decorated police officer of almost 20 years. And so was I. It was my privilege to have spent my nearly 20-year career in
Safe Call Now provides addicted public safety personnel with confidential and experienced help when they most need it.
the units I loved, including patrol, gangs, SWAT, traffic, and professional standards. Along the way I had been promoted to sergeant, lieutenant, captain of operations, and on up the chain of command. I had also made many good friends. Sean was one of those good friends, but now he was no longer an officer. He was here to discuss with me a new program to help officers with addiction. Sean knows all about addiction and what it can do to a person with a badge.
SEAN’S WORDS best explain his addiction to prescription drugs and how it ended his career. “My journey began as always. I was a hard charger on the job and heavy drinker at choir practice with the boys. I was very well trained on how to always win and never trust. On the streets, trust will get you killed. “As my addiction progressed, I knew I would eventually fix it because I have never lost at anything in life. I faced death and danger. That goes with the job. Nothing scared me. I formed a tactical plan; I would beat my addiction on my own and win again. Little did I know that my addiction also had a plan that was strategically superior to my own. “My life started to spiral out of control. I held my crumbling self together on the job and always received excellent evaluations, but I began isolating myself and became a hypocrite in my private life. How could I help so many, yet be incapable of helping myself? “As my private life fell apart, the only thing that seemed to ease the pain was narcotic pain medication. This became my ‘beat partner,’ the one who always had my back and took care of me. “Then my addiction grew so out of control that I did something I never, ever thought I would do. I committed a crime. I was indicted by a federal grand jury for ‘doctor shopping.’ “For the first time in my life, I was defeated. The killer I was so focused on beating was not a felon on the street, it was addiction. I pleaded guilty, as I was.
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It was time to stop being a hypocrite and deal with the real demon: me and my disease. I went to treatment and it was the greatest gift ever given to me. Without it, I would have committed suicide. “Having been clean and sober for almost seven years, life is far greater than I ever imagined it could be. I never could have accomplished this on my own. My new ‘beat partners’ are the tools, education, and awareness given to me in treatment. “Today, I am a husband, a father, a son, and a friend. I am also the executive director of Safe Call Now, a crisis line for police, fire, corrections personnel, and their family members nationwide. I still save lives. I just do it in a different way. I am blessed.”
Help Line THE VISION FOR SAFE CALL NOW was created on that cold Christmas Eve five years ago, while Sean and I were talking at that table. We wanted to create an organization where police officers could make a “safe call now” and reach out for help from other first responders who person-
ally knew what it meant to be tormented by the demons of addiction, suicidal thoughts, and other job-related stresses. The calls would be confidential and not subject to discovery by fellow officers or employers, so that making this call would not put the officers’ employment at risk. As a police chief, I liked the idea of caring for and healing officers in order to rehabilitate them and get them back to work. From Sean and I having that conversation, Safe Call Now has grown into a non-profit organization that has helped hundreds of public safety personnel. Safe Call Now’s mission is to provide a confidential, comprehensive, 24-hour crisis referral service for all public safety employees, all emergency services personnel, and their family members nationwide. We provide education, healthy
alternatives, and resources to save lives and put families back together again. Safe Call Now is committed to helping those in need. It is also fortunate to have dedicated partners like the FBI National Academy Associates, 5.11 Tactical, and Lexipol as supporters. However, this vision cannot be met without the assistance of police chiefs, sheriffs, and police administrators. As leaders in the law enforcement community, we must take care of our personnel, know the signs of addiction, and know how to seek help when it is needed. The first step to meeting this obligation as a leader is to visit the Safe Call Now Website, www.safecallnow.org, and learn about the resources available. Take time to read the inspiring stories of those whose lives have been changed, peruse the FAQs, and make a commitment to be involved in helping fellow officers in their time of need. ■ F B I N A A Eric Olsen is chief of police for the city of Kirkland, Wash., one of the founders of Safe Call Now, and an alumnus of the FBI National Academy, Session 194.
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HOW TO USE POLICE
on Derderian’s research toward choosing a new patrol car for Beverly Hills (Calif.) Police officers began with the police vehicle testing by the Michigan State Police and the Los Angeles County Sheriff’s Department. Derderian, a special projects officer, says the first step in making the selection of the department’s new car was to attend the LASD’s annual testing. Visit-
ing the test site was invaluable, Derderian says. “We use the knowledge we gain at the test site as a guide to help us make educated, informed decisions on what sort of vehicles we’re going to purchase,” he explains. Further east, Sgt. Larry Poleski, the Grand Rapids (Mich.) Police Department’s fleet manager, attended the Michigan State Police’s evaluation of pursuit-rated vehicles. Like Derdarian, Poleski views the tests and subsequent
report as a starting point for selecting a new patrol car. “The state police emphasize a lot of performance-driven aspects for their vehicles,” Poleski says. “State troopers are looking at acceleration for highway driving. We look at a lot of different things.” Both Poleski and Derderian are preparing recommendations to higher-level commanders about the car the department should purchase—picking from a list that includes the Chevrolet Caprice
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AGENCIES RELY ON THE MICHIGAN AND CALIFORNIA EVALUATIONS AS A STARTING POINT FOR SELECTING NEW PATROL VEHICLES. ★ PAUL CLINTON
PPV, Dodge Charger Police Pursuit, Ford Police Interceptor Sedan, and Ford Police Interceptor Utility. Each of these officers must consider a wide-ranging list of criteria such as acquisition cost, performance features, ergonomic aspects, officer safety features, geographic considerations, and fuel cost estimates. The annual tests give their departments, and many others, a performance baseline for benchmarking the vehicles.
★★★ MSP VS. LASD THE AGENCIES that test new model-year, pursuit-rated vehicles offer complementary evaluations and differing methodologies that give them equal weight among vehicle purchasers. Each September, the MSP’s Precision Driving Unit kicks off the vehicle evaluation season by testing sedans, SUVs, and motorcycles for acceleration, top speed, braking, ergonomics, and high-speed handling. The trials usually run for five days at the Chrysler Proving Grounds in Chelsea and the Grattan Raceway in Belding. The raceway is just 25 miles northeast of Grand Rapids. A month later, LASD deputies and Los Angeles Police Department officers test acceleration, braking, and highspeed handling on an interior track at the Auto Club Speedway in Fontana,
Calif. A city pursuit course is also set up at the Los Angeles County Fairgrounds in Pomona. Both agencies have been testing police vehicles since 1974. The LASD took over from the LAPD, which began testing police vehicles in 1956. The Michigan and Southern California tests use a slightly different protocol. In Michigan, four troopers drive each car eight laps to measure acceleration and top speed. The cars are allowed a “cooling off” period between drivers. Later,
the vehicles undergo braking tests that measure a progressive stopping distance from 60 mph. In Southern California, four police drivers also take the cars out for laps of eight. However, drivers must switch in less than five minutes, which keeps the cars running hot for 32 laps. After this “heat soak,” the vehicles are then immediately taken for brake testing. As a result, rotors have been known to catch fire at these punishing tests. These tests also include a panic stop test, where
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VEHICLE TEST drivers mash the brakes from 60 mph to a dead stop. The LASD report also includes fuel economy ratings that provide a more realistic estimate for a duty cycle than the retail estimates from the Environmental Protection Agency. Four deputies drive the vehicles 100 miles each on a city course that includes hilly terrain, flatlands, and traffic gridlock. The Michigan testing report includes a section that helps agencies choose a patrol vehicle. The LASD report offers subjective comments from officers about driving the vehicles. And the agencies use different technologies to capture their measurements. In Michigan, optical sensors attached to the vehicles pick up speed times, while in Southern California a GPS tracker box acquires data from inside the car.
ride-and-drive event at the LASD testing, and got behind the wheel of a pair of all-wheel-drive Ford Police Interceptor sedans—the 3.7-liter V-6 and the 3.5-liter V-6 twin turbo. He came away impressed. Attending the testing often kicks off an agency’s selection process, but agencies also have to pick cars that will perform best in their jurisdiction. With a population of 35,000 spread over 5.5 square miles Beverly Hills remains an affluent tight-knit community with 125 sworn officers and 60 vehicles. Fifty patrol officers drive 30 marked units. Because much of Beverly Hills features hills, mountains, and narrow roads, the department’s officers need a V-8-powered, rear-wheel-drive car for quick response from the southern flat-
serious consideration to Ford’s new vehicles because they offer an all-wheeldrive powertrain ideally suited to driving in icy or snowy conditions. The 2014 Dodge Charger Pursuit will also offer an all-wheel-drive option. “That’s one of the considerations in Michigan, because we get hit with some heavy weather here,” he says. “We have had to rent Hummers to do patrol duties.” About 190,000 people live in Grand Rapids, which is overseen by 290 sworn officers. About 60 vehicles make up the marked enforcement vehicles. Poleski says his trip to the MSP vehicle testing gave him important insights into the practical aspects of the vehicles so he could make a better informed choice that meets the needs of Grand Rapids patrol officers and fits into the agency’s budget. “We do look at the performance,” Poleski says. “We have other considerations too, such as visibility and ergonomics. We have a lot of equipment that goes into the cars. We’re getting more equipment in our vehicles, and the cars are getting smaller.” Much of the equipment should transfer over once the agency purchases new trunk racks. The partitions will have to be replaced regardless of the vehicle chosen.
★★★ LOCAL FACTORS
Ford PI sedan
★★★ LOOKING FOR BALANCE TEST RESULTS from the new crop of patrol cars have validated the automakers’ efforts to deliver a post-Crown Vic-era car that provides officers with plenty of punch, high-speed capability, electronic stabilization, torque management; and with cockpits designed for officers. At this point, the initial shouts for more Ford Crown Vics have fallen to a low murmur. With plenty of quality choices, agencies are weighing all the options before choosing their new patrol cars. “It’s like shooting, where we look for speed and accuracy,” says Officer James McCarthy of the Gardena (Calif.) Police Department. “We’re looking for the perfect balance.” On Oct. 18, McCarthy attended Ford’s
lands into the hills, Derderian says. The highest posted speed limit is 35 mph. “We don’t need a vehicle to reach speeds of over 100 mph,” Derderian says. “We’re more concerned with braking and handling.” Derderian has introduced Chevy’s V-8 Caprice into the Beverly Hills PD fleet of Ford CVPIs and Dodge Chargers. Detectives have begun evaluating the car and, assuming there are no serious problems, Derderian will begin purchasing more for patrol officers. While top speed and acceleration are important performance factors, agencies have begun looking closer at more practical features such as winter weather handling and whether police equipment can be repurposed from the retiring Crown Vics. In Grand Rapids, Poleski has given
LOCAL DEALERSHIPS can play an important role in the vehicle choices of smaller agencies because they can provide a test vehicle and maintenance support. Police Chief Patrick Callahan, who serves the small town of Hector, Minn., purchased a Chevy Caprice after evaluating it at a local dealership. “For the most part, it might come down to what works best maintenance wise,” Callahan says. “We have a Chevy dealer in town. We don’t have staff to maintain these vehicles so we need to rely on a dealership.” Callahan says he does read the testing reports as well. Neal Umberger, the Lexington (Ky.) Police Department’s police fleet liaison, attended the Michigan testing in 2011. The agency is now evaluating three Ford Police Interceptor test vehicles. “It’s not just speed, it’s the space in the car, the utilization of the trunk, and the installation of the equipment,” he says. “All of those factors go into choosing a vehicle. [The testing has] some influence on us, but it has a lot more to do with our budget.” ■ F B I N A A
JA N UA RY / FEB RUA RY 2013
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FBINAA Foundation Makes Charitable Donations
n 2012 the FBINAA Charitable Foundation made several donations to members and the families of members who needed assistance. They include the following: â&#x20AC;˘ Four $1,000 college scholarships for children and grandchildren of National Academy members. â&#x20AC;˘ A $1,000 scholarship for a college freshman selected by our partners at the Society of Former Special Agents of the FBI, in recognition of the many scholarships they have given over the years to National Academy membersâ&#x20AC;&#x2122; children. â&#x20AC;˘ Donated $1,000 to the Memorial Fund for Willy Mays Towai, Session 247, who died in a plane crash while on duty with the Palau Police. Towaiâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s classmates raised an additional $11,000 for the family. â&#x20AC;˘ Donated $1,000 to the family of a California chapter member whose child is suffering from a severe illness. â&#x20AC;˘ Donated $1,000 to a member undergoing extreme hardship due to the untimely death of his daughter and his now having sole custody of his young grandson â&#x20AC;˘ Donated $1,000 to Concerns of Police Survivors (C.O.P.S.) to help fund their National Board/Chapter Training Program
â&#x20AC;˘ Provided Disaster Relief Assistance to FBINAA members affected by Hurricane Sandy. And in 2011 the Foundation was able to give immediate assistance to three FBINAA members who were affected by catastrophic weather events. The Foundation has provided directly to its members since its inception. Your ongoing support is needed to ensure that the Foundationâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s efforts can continue and to expand its programs to offer more scholarships and more assistance to National Academy members in need. The Foundation would like to recognize the following 2012 donations: â&#x2DC;&#x2026; 173rd Sessionâ&#x20AC;&#x201D;$300 â&#x2DC;&#x2026; 212th Sessionâ&#x20AC;&#x201D;$3,731 â&#x2DC;&#x2026; New England Chapterâ&#x20AC;&#x201D;$625 â&#x2DC;&#x2026; Cedar Rapids Police Protective Association (via the Iowa Chapter)â&#x20AC;&#x201D;$500 â&#x2DC;&#x2026; Section II representative Barry Thomas, Session 223, raised $2,000 by running a marathon â&#x2DC;&#x2026; In addition, six chaptersâ&#x20AC;&#x201D;Arkansas, California, New York/Eastern Canada, Ohio, Washington, and Wisconsinâ&#x20AC;&#x201D; have joined the Foundersâ&#x20AC;&#x2122; Circle by raising $5,000. Every donation to the Foundation, both large and small, is appreciated. Many chapters â&#x20AC;&#x153;pass the hatâ&#x20AC;? and oth-
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ers earmark a percentage of their chapter raffle proceeds for the Foundation. The Foundationâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s board is also working toward completion of a major fundraising effort aimed at securing corporate support. Your ideas and assistance are welcome. The FBI National Academy Associates Charitable Foundation has been designated by the IRS as a tax exempt 501(c) (3) organization for charitable, educational and scientific purposes. The charitable purpose of the Foundation is to provide relief for Association members and their families who are in unusually dire circumstances due to calamity, debilitating hardships or illnesses, natural disaster, or other terrible circumstances to include a memberâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s onduty death or serious injury and to the members and family members of other FBI affiliated nonprofit law enforcement associations. The educational purpose of this Foundation is to offer scholarships for educational and professional development opportunities to members of the Association and/or their children and grandchildren, and to members of other FBI affiliated nonprofit law enforcement associations and their children. â&#x2013; F B I N A A
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MESSAGE FROM OUR CHAPLAIN
B I L LY G I B S O N
Strive for Sincere Prayer WHEN YOU PRAY, BE HONEST AND STAY TRUE TO WHO YOU ARE.
S WE BEGIN THE NEW YEAR, it is a time-honored tradition
for many of us to make a list of New Year’s resolutions. This list usually consists of a number of things we would like to accomplish during the New Year. Your list might also include things you have done that you don’t want to do anymore. Whatever you have on your list is a good start, as you are setting goals to be accomplished and that’s a positive way to begin a new year. In addition to your list of things to do or not to do, perhaps there are other things that simply need to be re-evaluated to see if you are on the right track. I would suggest that one of those things should be your prayer life. After all, prayer is how we communicate with our Heavenly Father. Without prayer, we simply cannot be connected or remain united with the Lord. Prayer is how we cleanse our hearts, renew our spirit, and share our innermost thoughts and concerns with almighty God. Prayer is an important element of life. A recent national survey revealed that 71 percent of all Americans say they pray at least once a week. While the numbers and frequency are important, they are not near as important as how and why we pray. When we pray we must be sure that our motives are sincere and pure. Unintentionally, many of us fail in this area of our prayer life, causing us to wonder if God is really listening or why our prayers seem to go unanswered. There can be many reasons for this feeling and I can assure you that frustration often finds itself at the top of the list. Jerry Rankin, former president of The International Mission Board, feels that much of our prayer life is too self-centered. He believes we do a lot of praying with a focus on what God ought to do to align Himself with our solution. Sincere prayer aligns us with God, not Him to us. Rankin states that prayer is not a legalistic discipline, but a relationship with God. With God, you plan together, share together, and walk through life together. I believe another weakness in people’s prayer life is that we have a tendency to attempt to pattern our prayers after others. We should never attempt to copy someone else’s prayer style. Matthew 6:5-6 reminds us, “When you pray, do not be like the hypocrites, for they love to pray standing in the synagogues and on the street corners to be seen by men. But when you pray, go into your room, close the door and pray to your Father,
who is unseen. Then your Father, who sees what is done in secret, will reward you.” I certainly understand that there are principles of prayer that apply to all of us, but your relationship with God is individual and that’s how He expects you to communicate with Him in prayer. We are all at different places in our walk with Him, we are all at different levels of spiritual maturity, and we all have different types of experiences in prayer. So when it comes to your prayer life, simply be yourself. Psalms 33:15 (NKJV) reminds us that “He fashions their hearts individually.” Learn to pray in your own distinctly personal way. In his book, “With Christ in the School of Prayer,” Andrew Murray writes that “we should develop a style of prayer that maximizes our relationship with God. He wants prayer to be an easy, natural, life-giving way of communicating as you share your heart with Him and allow Him to share His heart with you. Prayer is so simple; it is nothing more than talking to God and taking time to listen to what He has to say to you.” Never has there been a greater need for prayer than in our present time. We have suffered natural and manmade disasters throughout our country and throughout the world and continue to face many crises today. Allow me to remind you that through our prayers, crisis is an opportunity for God to work in our country, in our world, and in our lives. God is using crisis to turn our hearts to hope and security that only He can provide. May God bless you in your prayer life throughout the new year. ■ F B I N A A
Prayer is nothing more than talking to God and taking time to listen to Him.
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STAYING ON THE YELLOW BRICK ROAD
J OHN G . VAN V OR S T
Manual Resistance BUILDING STRENGTH WITH HELP FROM A PARTNER INSTEAD OF STANDARD GYM EQUIPMENT ADDS VARIETY TO PHYSICAL TRAINING PROGRAMS.
ERE AT QUANTICO, we are blessed to have a vast array of fitness equipment at our disposal to enhance our students’ learning. Whether it’s conventional barbells and dumbbells, or sometimes less familiar implements including kettlebells, TRX suspension trainers, and slide-boards, we believe in promoting athletic development by any means necessary. In some cases, it may feel like we’re overemphasizing the equipment rather than focusing on foundational training principles. This can lead some to feel like our program can only be implemented while attending the National Academy. This article will attempt to remedy that by highlighting manual resistance (MR) training. MR exercises are performed against resistance provided by a partner. Training with a partner has numerous benefits, and in this case a partner will provide additional variety and intensity, especially when equipment may be lacking.
between partners, consider pre-fatiguing the stronger of the two using a body weight exercise prior to applying the MR protocol. For example, if you have a strong upper body and can do a ton of push-ups, perform a set of super slow parallel dips and then immediately follow it up with some manual resistance pushups or floor presses. Implements: Commonly found household items such as towels, pipes, and wooden dowels can be used during MR exercise to simulate the gripping required during conventional barbell and dumbbell training. This is an excellent way to increase hand and forearm strength, an often neglected training component but one critical for the law enforcement officer. Manual resistance hammer curls with a towel will light those forearms up.
MANUAL RESISTANCE EXERCISES
Figure 1: MR Push-up—Spotter should provide resistance at the lifter’s shoulder blades and not on the lower back. Lifter GROUND RULES FOR EFFECTIVE MR EXERCISE should maintain proper alignment from ear to ankle for trunk Communication: Manual resistance exercise requires open stability. lines of communication between the lifter and the spotter. To Figure 2: MR Floor Press—As the spotter, place the heels maximize results, the lifter must effectively communicate to of your palms together so as not to stress the lifter’s wrists. As the lifter, press up from the floor until your hands are together above the chest. Figure 3: MR Single-Arm Row (Start)— As the lifter, extend your elbow and reach your arm slightly in front of your body. Figure 4: MR Single-Arm Row (Finish)—Lifter, drive your elbow toward the 1 2 3 4 ceiling and bring your hand toward your ribs. Figure 5: MR Overhead Press—As the lifter, sit tall and press your hands from earlobes to overhead against the spotter’s resistance. The spotter can provide spinal support by placing one leg against your back. 5 6 7 8 Figure 6: MR Hammer Curl—A towel allows the lifter to further challenge his or her the spotter if he or she needs more or less resistance. Converse- hand, wrist, and forearm muscles ly, spotters must be able to provide adequate but not excessive Figure 7: MR Leg Curl (Start)—As the lifter, begin with resistance and make adjustments accordingly as the lifter fa- your knee flexed and your ankle in a neutral position. tigues. Do not apply maximal levels of resistance during the Figure 8: MR Leg Curl (Finish)—Avoid high levels of refirst couple of repetitions. The goal is to accumulate fatigue sistance at the end range of motion by keeping your ankle in neutral. and reach exhaustion only at the end of the set. Tempo: One of the main goals for MR exercise is increasThe manual resistance exercises described here are just ing time-under-tension for the targeted movement pattern and muscles most involved. Therefore, the speed of movement some examples. You’re only limited by your imagination. Manshould be slow and controlled. Consider using a four-second ual resistance training can be used with large numbers of lengthening phase or “negative,” followed by a brief pause or people, requires little or no equipment, and adds variety and isometric contraction, followed by a two- to four-second short- intensity to physical training programs. Take a little time to ening or “concentric” contraction. Each repetition should take learn the movements and improve communication, then go to work. ■ F B I N A A at least six to eight seconds to complete. Volume: Since the desired tempo is slow and controlled, the recommended training volume is somewhere between five and John G. Van Vorst is a health and fitness instructor within the eight repetitions per set. If each repetition is performed at the Physical Training Unit at the FBI Academy. He also serves as desired tempo, each set should last between 30 and 60 seconds. a defensive tactics instructor for the FBI New Agents Training Pre-Fatigue: Whenever there is a large strength differential program. You can e-mail him at John.email@example.com. 24 J A N U A R Y / F E B R U A R Y 2 0 1 3
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