Page 1

‫يف حممد العتييب‬ ARCHITECTUR E AND DESIGN


Throughout my life, I have lived in multiple continents, met many different people who don’t speak the language I speak, and was exposed to a relatively large amount of clashing cultures and tradition. I considered myself to be a very shy person but I had to deal with my situation whether I liked it or not. This really developed the speed of adaptability that was in me and forced me connect with people more. Being exposed to many cultures made me notice many ways of living that result in many different architectural forms and styles to accommodate them. With all of that being said, I tried to relate as much as I can to my background, My Identity. As a child, the only building that I found exceptional was and Kuwait Towers in my homeland Kuwait. I was always fascinated by how blue and tall the towers are. Questions like how did they make that ball turn around itself? and how did they place it all the way up there? were always on my mind. This initiated my intense research of how this marvelous tower was built. I was a child and I wanted to know more about architecture. I wanted to know how everything had to relate back to its original form, that is nature. In five to ten years, I expect myself doing things that have nothing to do with a basic desk job. I see myself being in Africa, where the simplest things are extraordinary to other humans with poorer living conditions. I see myself giving more in terms of living necessities, ideas, information, designs, just giving more of what I have. I admire people who give unconditionally and my lifelong dream is to become one.


I HOPE YOU WILL UNDERSTAND THAT ARCHITECTURE HAS NOTHING TO DO WITH THE INVENTION OF FORMS, IT IS NOT A PLAYGROUND FOR CHILDREN, YOUNG OR OLD. ARCHITECTURE WROTE HISTORY OF THE EPOCHS AND GAVE THEM THEIR NAMES - LUDWIG MIES VAN DER ROHE


Wildlife Reserve Desert Resort Hasba’a AlUla Cultural Center

Giorgio Armani HQ Eqra’a Public Library House Of An Artist

The Islamic Garden

King fahad District Development


QALA’AT ALJAHRA DESERT RESORT

‫منتجع قلعة اجلهراء الصحراوي‬

ALJAHRA, KUWAIT

01


CONCEPT

WHILE A DESERT LOCATION MAY SEEM EXTREME TO MOST, I FIND THIS SORT OF ENVIRONMENT RATHER INSPIRING. AS AN ARCHITECT, MY JOB IS TO DESIGN WHERE MOST WOULDN’T DARE TO VENTURE, SUCH AS IN THIS EXTREME CLIMATE. THE NEED TO REHABILITATE THE NATURAL ENVIRONMENT AND THE ISOLATION OF A UNIQUE DESERT LOCATION IMPLIED THE NEED OF PROTECTION AND ENCLOSURE WHICH IS RESEMBLED IN A FORTRESS- LIKE STRUCTURE THAT PROTECTS THE NATURAL ENVIRONMENT.

CONTEXTUAL BACKGROUND

QALA’AT ALJAHRA DESERT RESORT

01


SITE PLAN

SUSTAINABLE STRATEGIES DIAGRAM

ISOMETRIC KEY PLAN DIAGRAM


TYPE B: LARGE SUITE: 8 PEOPLE

TYPE A: DESERT LODGE: 4 PEOPLE

MASTER PLAN

RESORT ROOM TYPES:


TYPE E: 1-BED TYPICAL: 2 PEOPLE

TYPE D: 2-BED TYPICAL: 4 PEOPLE

TYPE C: SMALL SUITE: 6 PEOPLE

1. Bedroom 2. Bathroom 3. Kitchen 4. Dining 5. Living 6. Sitting Area 7. Green House 8. Waiting Area 9. Reception 10. Office 11. Screening 12. Storage 13. Restaurant 14. Pool Facilities 15. Gym 16. Sauna 17. Breakroom 18. Laundry 19. CEO Office 20. Meeting Room 21. Recreational Area 22. Café 23. Lab 24. Pharmacy 25. Exam Room 26. X Ray 27. Treatment 28. Recovery 29. Nurse’s Room 30. Backstage 31. Auditorium 32. Audio Visual


ELEVATIONS

LONGITUDINAL SECTION

DETAILED SECTIONS


DETAILED WALL SECTION


HASBA’A ALULA CULTURAL CENTER

‫مركز حصباء العال الثقايف‬

AL-MADINAH, SAUDI ARABIA

02


THE FORGOTTEN CITY “We must study the past to bring it to us, it is very useful, it is an essential effort to enrich our consciousness. By a sense of history will give meaning to us and to our works; We will better understand the reasons for which we must be different, for which we have to be ourselves. The knowledge of the past and the interpretation made of them by the architect characteristizes his relationship with the same story present. So, knowing this past is like knowing our fathers, it means a better understanding why we are so, because being sons, we are different, we are alike to be different.”

LOCATION -Al Ula old town is a historical and cultural city located in north west of Saudi Arabia, and 380 km north of Al Madinah.

HISTORICAL BACKGROUND AND VALUE

HASBA’A ALULA DESERT RESORT

02

HISTORICAL SITES

‫أهم معالم‬ ‫محافظة العال‬

‫النلدة‬ ‫القديمة‬ ‫قلعة موسى بن‬ ‫نصير‬

DISCRIPTION

‫ل‬ ‫جنل‬/ ‫مقابر األسود‬/ ‫الجريبة‬/ ‫محلب الناقة‬/ )‫الديوان (محلس السلطان‬/‫فصر ا عجوز‬/ ‫ فصر الب نت‬/ ‫فصر الفريد‬/‫الحجر‬ ‫قلعة الحجر اإلسالمبة‬/ ‫محظة سكة حديد الححاز‬/ ‫الجوبره‬/ ‫جنل الجوار‬/ ‫ المزحم‬/ ‫الماينات‬/ ‫عكمه‬

-The old town of Alula is one of the oldest archaeological sites in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. It is classified by a number of archaeologists as one of the three most important Islamic cities in the world and it represents the Islamic religion with its people, mosques and markets. 13TH century AD. -It is abandoned until 70 years ago. This town remained totally deserted, and due to lack of attention, rain, slew and deliberate sabotage of some of the villages destroyed many of its inhabitants. -highest level in the old town of alula (45 meters). -the oldest castle of this town (600 BC.)

‫الط نطورة‬

-It’s a historical sundial that determines the beginning of the seasons of the year and the distribution of the water to irrigate the farms.

‫عين يدعل‬

-It consists of 80 springs that date back to BC, and the main functions: drinking water for households (by woman), washing themselves + animals (by men), washing themselves + laundry (by women).

‫مسحد العطام‬ ‫ال ح ا م ع‬ ‫مسحد الصجرة‬

-It’s a mosque with great importance to Islam and it dates back to the first Islamic conquests, and it is said that the prophet himself established it. -It’s a historical mosque that dates back to 630 years ago.


ACCESSABILITY, CONNECTIVITY, AXIS

TYPOGRAPHY, CLIMATE, WEATHER

SITE ANALYSIS AND SURVEYS


NODES AND GATES

ARTIFICIAL AND NATURAL EDGES


PLANNING PATTERN (NUMBER OF UNITS

PLANNING PATTERN (SOLID & VOID)


AUTHENTIC UNITS & REPLICAS

LANDMARKS


COMPLEMENTARY SITE CONSERVATION GUIDLINES

PROPOSED USES

CONSERVATION: 1. Develop a secure fencing and control system for protecting and preserving the area from outsiders and animals. 2. Doing surveys to create a proper plan and document the existing conditions for the rehabilitation project. 3. Conserve buildings with valuable historic information and demolish buildings with no historical importance using a specific buildings surveys. TOURISM: 1. Create smooth and direct Routes for tourists, and provide them with more hotel rooms and more direct flights. 2. Develop a consistent color palette and specific signage and appropriate frontage that is understandable by all. 3. Educate and involve the people of Al-Ula or it’s occupants about the importance of the city and the protection of the city. SAFETY & SECURETY: 1. Complete streets and sidewalks, and open blocked areas. 2. Design appropriate lighting systems. 3. Remove pollutants and hazardous materials. 4. Specify, locate and fence dangerous areas if it couldn't be fixed.

STRENGTH 1- Mixed Culture in design, since they took some elements from ( Hejaz , Ayyubid, Egypt, and Iraq) 2- They considered climate, since they divided the city into 2 parts; North in summer and South in Winter since the sun is stronger there. 3- They Consider users while designing the houses, for example, the doors were designed according to the user’s height. 4- Narrow paths for more Privacy, in addition effective Ventilation. 5-Tightly compacted Buildings to provide shade for adjacent buildings. 6- carvings and ornaments still exist 7- Foundations aren’t required, because the topography/ mountainy surface are strong enough to act as a support for the load bearing walls. WEAKNESS 1- Materials used are not long lasting or the Method used is not valid. 2-Structure of buildings is weak ,most of them are now just piles of mud. 3- it is not sustainable. 4- Roofing Methods are used in the wrong way during reconstructing 5- They didn't consider earthquakes while designing which is why most damages are occurred from it. 6- Lack of maintenance led to damages in many parts or the building and trash is found everywhere. OPPORTUNITY 1- The presence of many historical sites around AlUla may help in attracting tourists. 2- Farms surround the old village which can be useful for agricultural use. 3- To consider the natural elements and benefit from it. 4- Experiencing of the lifestyle of the past. THREATS 1- Climate and weather. 2- Structure and materials of the buildings are weak which threatens the city. 3- Lack of maintenance and natural deterioration due to aging of the buildings. 4- Absence of security. 5- Urbanization, which refers to the population shift from rural to urban areas.


CONCEPT

CONNECTION + SEPARATION HASBAA ALULA CULTURAL CENTER CONTAINS THREE MAIN BUILDINGS AND ONE MAIN CONNECTION ORGANIZED AROUND THE COURTYARD LIKE CONNECTED BUT SEPARATED CLUSTERS, LIKE SEPARATED BUT CONNECTED LITTLE PIECES OF GRAVEL WHICH IS THE NAME OF THE CULTURAL CENTER.

َ -: ‫حصب ُاء‬ َ ‫مفرد َح َص‬ : ‫ة‬ ‫ب‬ ْ َ ٌّ ‫ ت َرق َرق الماء على بباض الحصباء‬-: ‫ صخر رملي حبيباته صغيرة‬ُ . ‫ ق ًرش الع ّمال الم َّمر بالحَ ْصباء‬- ، ُ . ‫ أب َار الفرس في َع ْدوه الحَ ْصب َاء‬-: ‫ حجارة صغيرة‬، ‫ حصى‬-

THEORETICAL GOALS

FORM GENERATION

To provide a visual bridge between the past, the present and the future. To give AlUla’s Old Town a welcoming gate to connect the people to the Historic City. -To emphasize the Town’s Cultural, Historical, Environmental, Social, Urban value.


SITE PLAN

PROGRAMING


MASTER PLAN


ELEVATIONS

CONSTRUCTION DRAWINGS


EQRA’A PUBLIC LIBRARY

‫مكتبة !قرأ العامة‬

RIYADH, SAUDI ARABIA

03


CONCEPT PYRAMID OF EDUCATION

FORM GENERATION

Place to meet and exchange. Community base for local people. Integration with the other educational buildings. Buildings which help cement together a community. Complements exhibition and workshop spaces. Life-Long learning and literacy center.

DESIGN PROCESS

EQRA’A PUBLIC LIBRARY

03


SITE PLAN


MASTER PLAN 1ST FLOOR PLAN


2ND FLOOR PLAN

3RD FLOOR PLAN


ELEVATIONS

SECTIONS


ARMANI TOWER

‫برج أرماني‬

RIYADH, SAUDI ARABIA

04


CONCEPT

FRAGMENTATION THROUGH THE SIMPLIFIED ISLAMIC PATTERN

ABOUT THE DESIGNER

ARMANI TOWER

04

Giorgio Armani is an Italian fashion designer, particularly noted for his menswear. He is known today for his clean, tailored lines. He formed his company, Armani, in 1975, and by 2001 was acclaimed as the most successful designer that Italy has produced.

GIORGIO ARMANI: EMPIRE OF THE SENSES

“Creating ambiences that make you want to stay.” – GIORGIO ARMANI

Ambience noun - the character and atmosphere of a place.


SITE PLAN

ISOMETRIC ZONING DIAGRAM


MASTER PLAN 1ST FLOOR PLAN


2ND FLOOR PLAN

TYPICAL FLOOR PLAN


RECREATIONAL FLOOR PLAN

CEO FLOOR PLAN


ELEVATIONS

SECTION


HOUSE OF AN ARTIST

‫بيت فنان‬

SOUTH END, BOSTON

05


CONCEPT

FORM GENERATION

RAUMPLAN TYPOLOGY, by Adolf Loos To design the house through spaces (cubes) rather than floor plans, to create each room individually with the heights appropriate for it and on different levels connected by short staircases.

SOUTHEND ANALYSIS

HOUSE OF AN ARTIST

05


SITE PLAN

SITE SECTION

SITE ISOMETRIC ANALYSIS

VIEW

SUN & WIND

AXIS

NOISE

SOLID &VOID


G FLOOR PLAN

1ST FLOOR PLAN


2ND FLOOR PLAN SECTION

CIRCULATION

LEVELS

RATIO

ZONING


FRONT ELEVATIONS

REAR ELEVATIONS


LEFT ELEVATION

RIGHT ELEVATION

STUDIO’S ELEVATION


THE ISLAMIC GARDEN

‫احلديقة االسالمية‬

BAYAN, KUWAIT

06


CONCEPT

FORM GENERATION

THE SYMBOLISMS AND SYMMETRY OF THE BASIC OCTAGONAL SHAPE INSPIRED THIS ISLAMIC GARDEN WITH A CLEAR THEME OF WATER AND SHADE REPRESENTING THE HOLINESS OF A PARADISE.

SOUTHEND ANALYSIS

THE ISLAMIC GARDEN

06


MASTER PLAN


KING FAHD DIST. DEVELOPMENT

‫تطوير حي امللك فهد‬

RIYADH, SAUDI ARABIA

07


KING FAHD DISTRICT

07

URBAN DESIGN MANIFESTO

STORYLINE: WALK TO THE MOSQUE

PEOPLE AND PLACE They say where you live greatly impacts your outlook to life, which could be reflected on the identity of people, places and cultures. People want to relate to the place, not just be in it. Reflection of identity requires the abstraction of all elements related to it which in turn questions the authenticity of the process as a whole. Creative heritage is merely about rediscovering identity and relating it to the now! Happiness is a choice, and in my line of work I make it a statement to notice it.

OPPORTUNITY / PLOT


SITE OBSERVATIONS


SITE OBSERVATIONS


SITE OBSERVATIONS


PROBLEMS LAYER


LINES OF ACTION LAYER


MAJOR LANDMARKS

MOSQUES

EXISTING LANDMARKS

LANDMARKS DIAGRAM


PHOTOMONTAGE


+966501183925 fayalotaibi@gmail.com

FAIARCH PORTFOLIO 2018  

Academic Architectural Portfolio

FAIARCH PORTFOLIO 2018  

Academic Architectural Portfolio

Advertisement