S P R I N G 2016
A M AG A Z I N E F O R T H E G E O R G E M A S O N U N I V E R S I T Y CO M M U N I T Y
Rewriting the Script on Diversity
A Hollywood Remake:
K E E PI N G B R I D G E S AN D I N S PE C TO R S SAFE
S E RV I N G T H E C H I LD R E N O F T H OS E W H O S E RV E
Remake Mason Style 16 | FA S T E R FA R T H E R : T H E C A M PA I G N F O R G E O R G E M A S O N U N I V E R S I T Y
Mason’s growing Film and Video Studies Program is incredibly diverse in an industry that isn’t. Director Giovanna Chesler is building a competitive film program that she hopes the Hollywood film industry will one day resemble.
B Y CO L L E E N K E A R N E Y R I C H , M FA ’ 95
hen filmmaker Giovanna Chesler addresses first-year
George Mason University Film and Video Studies (FAVS) majors, she asks them to look around the room.
“You need to get to know these people,” she tells them. “Film is about collaboration.” And she means it. Since she became director of the degree program in 2013, Chesler has been working to leverage George Mason’s diversity and entrepreneurship to build a solid film program that matters.
“One of the most important things for me as a filmmaker and an educator is the crisis that our industry faces,” she says. “So few women are in directing or cinematography positions. So few artists of color are working in Hollywood. Our students are diverse, but our industry isn’t.”
PHOTO BY EVAN CANTWELL
What does it mean to have a film program at one of the most diverse schools in the country? Chesler believes this program and these students can make a difference. “As a faculty, we work with our programming, course content, and Visiting Filmmakers Series (led by Film and Media Studies professor Cynthia Fuchs) to mirror an industry back to the students that we believe can exist. ” Chester also believes one of the ways to effect industry change is by having a frank conversation at the undergraduate level. “We encourage students to think about their own bias when they are crewing up their films. We make sure they are reminded of the problems in our industry so they carefully consider their choices.” Spring 2016 M A S O N S P I R I T | 17
18 | FA S T E R FA R T H E R : T H E C A M PA I G N F O R G E O R G E M A S O N U N I V E R S I T Y
Actor and theater major Ben Peter (left) and assistant camera operator Bianca Salimbangon peer over the shoulder of director of photography Darcelle Larkin (center), while she inspects a scene she just shot PHOTO BY LOGAN MCKENNAH BROWN
Even the process of making student films is different at Mason. Some film schools like University of Southern California or Virginia Commonwealth University pay for their student films and, in turn, own the films. As a result, the school also makes decisions about who gets to direct those films. Mason does not. “We see the benefits in both models. But ultimately, our faculty believe in the importance of students making the choice as to what they want their role in film to be,” she says. “Students who want to direct, do.” That’s where entrepreneurship plays a role. As a first-generation college graduate, Chesler is committed to creating an academic environment that is conscious of a student’s financial situation.
Our students are not afraid to tackle issues such as mental illness,
gender-based violence, and disability. They feel competent enough to address some of the critical issues facing society and to use the language of cinema to
connect that to an audience.
“Our students don’t have a lot of financial backing for their film projects. Many are working jobs to pay for school,” Chesler says. “So when something looks good on screen, it often came through tremendous sacrifice.”
eaching students about business practices and fundraising is a core part of the education they get at Mason. The FAVS Program has an active advisory board of film professionals and film lovers that provides scholarships and seed money to students. Each fall and spring, students pitch their films to a panel in order to get support for their projects. Board members work with students in advance of these pitch sessions to help them fine-tune their presentations.
Chesler’s goal is to build a strong undergraduate film and video program that can compete with the best schools not only in the region, but in the country. The opportunity to learn from working filmmakers inside the classroom— such as Ben Steger, Lisa Thrasher, and Hans Charles—and in the field is key. To do so, the program is partnering with the Virginia Film Office and professional organizations such as Women in Film and Video DC to connect Spring 2016 M A S O N S P I R I T | 19
Mason senior Irem Dogancali, director of the short film “Pineapple,” reviews a take with senior Darcelle Larkin, the film’s director of photography. PHOTO BY LOGAN MCKENNAH BROWN
Mason students to the professional community and create opportunities for students to get hands-on experience. Professional internships are a requirement, and Mason students have worked with more than 100 companies in the region, including radio and television stations, production companies, and editing houses. One of these relationships is with the Washington NFL team, which hires a few Mason film students each summer. “They are learning to be professional on set while they are still students,” says Chesler. “We want production companies to know that we have students capable of working at that level and to work with the state to attract more film projects in this region.”
The FAVS Program is growing quickly. In 2006, former director Cindy Lont started FAVS as an interdisciplinary program with 30 students in collaboration with the Film and Media Studies Program, the
n n n n n n n n n n n n n n n n n n n n n CHESLER OFFERS HER TOP FILM PICKS n n n Ask any filmmaker their “top films” and you will typically be met with silence while they consider how to whittle down the list. Our selections typically depend on preferred genre in a given moment and mood. As I finalize the script to my next film—an impressionistic feature narrative—these are the films that circulate and inform my thinking: Jeanne Dielman, 23 Quai de Commerce, 1080 Bruxelles
by Chantal Ackerman (1975)
by Marlon Riggs (1989)
This year, we lost a director whose piercing and unique
In 2015, the film I most recently produced opened PBS’s
vision changed the frame forever. In this—her most
POV season. POV is a long-running, curated PBS series
famous work and my personal favorite film—Ackerman
of independently produced documentary films. Of the
and collaborator, cinematographer Babette Magnolte,
films POV has broadcast to the American public for de-
challenge viewers to reconsider the basic elements of
cades, none has been more striking or important than
cinema: time, space, and the ways in which women are
Tongues Untied. Riggs’s poetic documentary reveals his
framed by film.
perspective as a gay African American man living in San Francisco in the late 1980s. Riggs spoke to a community of gay men of color, reenacting moments of moving through and claiming space that linger and reflect intersections of race and sexuality in America.
20 | FA S T E R FA R T H E R : T H E C A M PA I G N F O R G E O R G E M A S O N U N I V E R S I T Y
Communication Department, and the Schools of Theater and Art. FAVS now has more than 170 students in its bachelor of arts program and has added faculty. And there is no shortage of applicants to the undergrad program. “Not only has FAVS grown, but the films have also matured,” says Chesler of the quality of work. “Our students are not afraid to tackle issues such as mental illness, gender-based violence, and disability. They feel competent enough to address some of the critical issues facing society and to use the language of cinema to connect that to an audience.”
DA ’00, won a Telly, a Webby, and six Cinema in Industry (CINDY) awards. Ard Laoch na hEireann (Hero of Ireland), a film made by recent Mason graduate and Irish filmmaker Paul O’Halloran, BA Film and Video Studie ’14, was selected for a number of film festivals around the world. It also isn’t surprising that collaboration has led students to start a number of production companies. Members of the Hand-Me-Down Films crew, for instance, have been working together since they were freshmen at Mason.
“[The program] was definitely an incubator,” says Hand-MeThe FAVS faculty is also working to showcase Mason stu- Down founder Zack Gross, BA Film and Video Studies dent films in the region. They pull together a collection of ’14. “It was the teachers encouraging us to find our ‘group.’ the best films from the fall and spring on-campus film fes- I think we all inadvertently took that to heart.” tivals. Called the Best of FAVS, these films were shown at Jamie Rogers contributed to this article. the Virginia Film Festival in November. Mason also participates in Washington West and DC Shorts, one of the top short film festivals in the country. And the awards are pouring in. Last year Mason students in the FAVS 399 Web Series course, taught by Susan Kehoe,
n n n n n n n n n n n n n n n n n n n n n n n n n n n n n n n n n n n n n n n
The Dreamlife of Angels
Beyond the Lights
by Erick Zonca (1998)
by Gina Prince-Bythewood (2014)
by Jane Campion (1999)
This film captures a sense of intimacy and ur-
The performance of Gugu Mbatha-Raw is
This ecstatic film resonates with me around
gency as Zonca’s (fictional) characters—two
masterful and Bythewood excels at working
the themes of love, faith, and absurdity.
young homeless women in the midst of their
with actors. Here, she takes time to move
Campion is an early influence on my thinking
Saturn Return— share the apartment of a
characters through internal challenges and
around film. After I watched The Piano (1993)
middle-class family they do not know.
radical transformations that make the film
I wanted to live and breathe cinema forever.
feel epic. The cinematography inspired note-
In Holy Smoke, her humor shines. I have
taking: the camera is loose, yet the lighting is
closely watched each of Campion’s film
stylized. The film co-stars the actor/ director
school shorts, from Passionless Moments
Nate Parker whose groundbreaking film The
to the recent TV series Top of the Lake.
Birth of a Nation just ignited Sundance.
—Giovanna Chesler Spring 2016 M A S O N S P I R I T | 21
“I am both heartbroken and frustrated about the lack of inclusion. This is a difficult but important
conversation, and it’s time for big changes.
—Cheryl Boone Isaacs, President of the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences, January 2016
percent of top films have leading roles for women, and a paltry 11 to 14 percent of top films have non-white protagonists*. Our faculty is unified in a commitment to inclusion. The films our students analyze reflect divergent and global stories. For example, in Cinematography, Professor Hans Charles’ students study The Godfather and Mother of George.
hat does it mean to teach a diverse
In Professor Thomas Britt’s Ethics of Film and Video course,
group of students a craft in an inacces-
students regularly discuss issues of representation that oc-
sible industry? I have asked myself this
cur on both sides of the camera, as well as how included
question frequently over the past 15
and excluded perspectives affect viewers. In the Business
years of university teaching. Our media industry is under increasing (and deserved) scrutiny. It is being asked to address the ways in which women and artists of color have been excluded on both sides of the camera. For every Ava DuVernay, Shonda Rhimes, Jenji
of Film and Video, instructor Lisa Thrasher’s students explore industry standard business models and alternative modes of distribution, exhibition, and funding as means to empower diversity of voice within the industry or create their own. In partnering with Cynthia Fuchs and the Film and Media Studies Program, our Visiting Filmmakers Series brings internationally recognized filmmakers to campus who reflect the industry as we want it to exist.
Kohan, and Aziz Ansari who work
Within Mason resides the charge to do things differently
with performers and crews of color,
and to address issues of access, power, and inclusion. The
and who reflect gendered and sex-
Mason IDEA embraces innovation, diversity, entrepreneur-
uality spectrums, there are thou-
ship, and accessibility—all things that the FAVS Program
sands of directors, showrunners,
exemplifies. We believe that in teaching artists entrepre-
and writers plugging away at stan-
neurial skills, they learn to work independently and within
dard fare that does not reflect the
a changing industry, allowing for greater inclusion. This is
world in which we live. This industry is clouded by power, and those in it, know-
why teaching in and directing this program at this time could not be more meaningful.
ingly or not, work to sustain a system in which women
From the beginnings of this industry, film technologists
are sexualized, gender-nonconforming characters gro-
crafted our tools for a specific type of body. Film lighting
tesquely othered, and nameless people of color are ab-
equipment was designed for Caucasian skin, and tripods
sent (or killed first) on screen. As producer Effie Brown
were built for the average height of a Western man. There
highlighted in her on-screen debate with Matt Damon on
is as much to dismantle as there is to create. We owe it to
Project Greenlight, representations are much about who is
our students to do so with the hope that in the near future
writing, directing, and working the lens. The statistics demonstrating restricted access are striking. According to the Celluloid Ceiling 2014 report on women in Hollywood, only 13 percent of the top 700 films in 2014 were directed by women, with women in few technical roles (9 percent in cinematography, 18 percent in editing, and 13 percent in writing). For performers, typically 25 22 | FA S T E R FA R T H E R : T H E C A M PA I G N F O R G E O R G E M A S O N U N I V E R S I T Y
there will be a place for all talented artists in the industry. That being said, we are striving to build a program that gives our graduates the tools to create their own. —Giovanna Chesler Director, Film and Video Studies *Hollywood Diversity Report at UCLA and Race/Ethnicity in 600 Popular Films at USC