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Second Six Weeks Study Guide 1) Parts of the Cell.

2) Photosynthesis - write the equation ______________________________________________________________ 2a.what is synthesized during photosynthesis? ___________________________________ 2b. What process doe plants produce their own energy? ____________________________________________________ 2c. What is chlorophyll? _________________________________Explain what takes place in the chloroplast ____________ _____________________________ Stroma ____________________________ Thylakoid _____________________________ 2d. Photosynthesis can be divided into 2 reactions: ____________________________ and ___________________________ 3) Cellular Respiration - write the equation _______________________________________________________________ 3a. Which are the reactants? ________________________ Which are the products? ______________________________ 3b. What process takes place in the diagram? ___________________________ What organisms does it occur? ____________________________________ 3c. What organelle is needed for ATP production? _________________________ 3d. NAD+ is regenerated, allows cells to maintain gycolosis in the absence of oxygen ________________________________ 4) What is the molecule that is the source of energy for biochemical processes? _______________________ 5) Explain why photosynthesis and cellular respiration are opposites? __________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________________________________ 6) Exocytosis expels what type of particles from a cell? _____________________________Is this active or passive? Endocystois ________________________ 7) What is passive transport? __________________________________ Name 3 examples of passive transport? ___________________________________________________________________________________________ 8) What are flagella, cilia and pseudopods for? _________________ 9) Hypertonic solution ______________________________________________________________ Hypotonic solution _________________________________________________________________ Isotonic solution ___________________________________________________________________ 10) Plants contain polysaccharides called ________________________. They can be broken down into __________________ 11) Name the 4 biomolecules, their unit and their function: A) ___________________________________________________ ___________________________B) ________________________________________________________________________ C) __________________________________________________________________________________________________ D) ___________________________________________________________________________________________________

12) Name characteristics of eukaryotic cells __________________________________________________________________ 13) Name characteristics of prokaryotic cells _________________________________________________________________ 14) What organelles are unique to plant cells _________________________________________________________________ 15) Name the phases of the cell cycle Interphase - ______________phase G1 _______________S_____________________ G2_______________________

M Mitosis

Prophase ____________________


Anaphase ____________________

Telophase _____________________


16) Mitosis produces how many cells? ______________ 17) Mitosis is ______________ reproduction. It create ______________ daughter cells 18) Draw Meiosis

19) Name an example of a cell that goes through mitosis? _________________________ 20) Name an example of a cell that goes through meiosis? ________________________ 21) At what stage does crossing over occur? _______________________________ 22) There are 8 chromosomes in the diploid cell. How many are in the haploid cell after meisosis ? ________________ 23) There are 43 chromosomes in each somatic body cell. (dipoid). After mitosis how many chromosomes are in the daughter cell? ______________ 24) In meiosis daughter cells are _________________________from the parent cells.

Study Guide Answer Key 1) a. nutrients enter/leave the cell b. digestive area c. control center and contains genetic material d. energy producing area; powerhouse; has ATP e. protein synthesis f. gives strength to plant g. where photosynthesis takes place h. jelly like substance containing organelles i stores proteins j. packages proteins 2) 6CO2 + 6H2O (+ light energy) C6H12O6 + 6O2 2a. oxygen and glucose 2b. photosynthesis pigment; photosynthesis; stroma - fluid filled space, light reactions thylakoid - stack flattened membranes, dark reactions 2d. light dependent; light independent, dark, Calvin cycle 3) C6H12O6 + 6O2 6CO2 + 6H2O + energy 3a Oxygen and glucose; CO2 and water 3b glycolysis; plants and animals 3c mitochondria 3d fermentation 4)ATP 5) Oxygen and glucose are produced during photosynthesis; O2 and glucose are used during respiration. 6) Large particles ; active (requires energy); takes in large particles

7) does NOT use energy; diffusion, osmosis and facilitated diffusion 8) movement 9) *Hypertonic, high solute - If cell is placed in this soln. it will expel water (shrink) *Hypotonic, low solute - If cell is placed in this soln. it will absorb water (swell) *Isotonic, equal; a cell in an isotonic soln does not change 10) starches; monosaccharides 11) A) Carbohydrates, monosaccharides (sugars), source of energy B) Lipids, glycerol & fatty acids, long term energy storage C)Proteins, amino acids, growth and repair

D) Nucleic acids, nucleotide, contains genetic info 12) Has a nucleus and organelles; Ex: protist, animal and plant cells 13) Has a plasma membrane, cytoplasm, and DNA (Nucleic Acids). They lack a nucleus and nuclear envelope. Ex: bacteria. 14) chloroplasts and cells walls 15) growing; G1: growing S: DNA replication (copy) G2: Checks itself P - chromosomes replicate M – chromo. line up at the middle A - sister chromatids move away to poles T - 2 nuclei forms C - cytoplasm divides into 2 identical cells 16) 2 17) asexual; 2 18)

19) skin 20) gametes 21) prophase I 22) 4 23) 43 24) genetically different

2nd Six Weeks Test Study Guide