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COMMONWEALTH HANDBOOK No. 1


CONTENTS Text 1..........2 Text 2............4 Text 3 .........6


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TEXT 1 DIDOT 35 Body text will be in garamond premier pro. Text should probably use align text justified. Two columns on this page. Font size is 17 pt. Astronomers used the way that light from distant stars was distorted by a huge galactic cluster known as Abell 1689 to work out the amount of dark energy in the cosmos. Dark energy is a mysterious force that speeds up the expansion ofthe Universe. Understanding the distribution of this force revealed that the likely fate ofthe Universe was to keep on expanding. It will eventually become a cold, dead wasteland, researchers say. The study, conducted by an international team led by Professor Eric Jullo of Nasa's Jet Propulsion Laboratory in California, is published in the journal Science. Dark energy makes up threequarters of our Universe but is

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totally invisible. We only know it exists because of its effect on the expansion ofthe Universe. To work out how dark energy is spread through space, astronomers used the Hubble Space Telescope to observe the way that light from distant stars was distorted around Abell 1689, a nearby cluster of galaxies. Abell 1689, found in the constellation of Virgo, is one of the biggest galactic clusters known to science. Because of its huge mass, the cluster acts as a cosmic magnifying glass, causing light to bend around it. The way in which light is distorted by this cosmic lens depends on three factors: how far away the distant object is; the mass of Abell 1689; and the distribution ofdark energy. The astronomers were able to measure the first two variables using the European Southern Observatory's Very Large


TEXT 2 DIDOT 35 Body text for Page 5. Georgia, Hoefler or maybe a sans seriff, in 17 pt. The quick brown fox jumps over the lazy dog. The quick brown fox jumps over the lazy dog. It is align text justified, remember that This is a continuation of TEXT 5 story, with two columns on this page ending with the scissor line decal. continue story into the final column.. . It's happening not just in New York, but all around the country. Protests targeting mosques and Islamic gathering places, similar to those against the proposed Muslim community center near Ground Zero, are on the rise. Plus, anti-Islamic rhetoric appears to be increasing on blogs, talk radio and in political campaigns, too.

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Local opposition to new mosques is nothing new, but usually — at least publicly, anyway — the critics complain about increased traffic, noise and more traditional zoning concerns. But in Temecula, Calif., protesters against a proposed mosque there weren't shy at all about saying exactly why they don't want this proposed mosque. "I don't care for their religion, I don't care for their politics," said Cynthia Daum, a mother and grandmother who was one of about two dozen protesters at a recent demonstration. "I don't want them here opening mosques in every city, trying to open it up on Ground Zero in New York, where they killed thousands and thousands of people. They don't belong here." She said it twice for emphasis: "They don't belong here." Though supporters of the mosque outnumbered opponents in Temecula that day 3 to 1, such anti-Islamic sentiment appears to be growing stronger, in California and all across the U.S. There have been similar protests against mosques in Murphreesboro, Tenn., Sheboygan, Wis., and elsewhere. It's not just mosques being

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targeted, but increasingly, the Muslim faith itself. A church in Gainesville, Fla., is even planning a "burn the Quran" day on Sept. 11. Voters in Oklahoma this fall are being asked in a referendum to ban the use ofSharia, or Islamic, law in the state's courts, even though there has never been one instance of Sharia law being cited or used in the U.S., nor any request for Sharia law to be used in any court in the U.S. And last month in Tennessee, while campaigning for the Republican nomination for governor in his state, Lt. Gov. Ron Ramsey suggested Islam is a cult and may not be protected by the First Amendment.


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TEXT 3 DIDOT 35 Body text will be in garamond premier pro. Text should probably use align text justified. Two columns on this page. Font size is 17 pt. Astronomers used the way that light from distant stars was distorted by a huge galactic cluster known as Abell 1689 to work out the amount of dark energy in the cosmos. Dark energy is a mysterious force that speeds up the expansion ofthe Universe. Understanding the distribution of this force revealed that the likely fate ofthe Universe was to keep on expanding. It will eventually become a cold, dead wasteland, researchers say. The study, conducted by an international team led by Professor Eric Jullo of Nasa's Jet Propulsion Laboratory in California, is published in the journal Science. Dark energy makes up threequarters of our Universe but is

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Body text will be in garamond premier pro. Text should probably use align text justified. Two columns on this page. Font size is 17 pt. Astronomers used the way that light from distant stars was distorted by a huge galactic cluster known as Abell 1689 to work out the amount of dark energy in the cosmos. Dark energy is a mysterious force that speeds up the expansion ofthe Universe. Understanding the distribution of this force revealed that the likely fate ofthe Universe was to keep on expanding. It will eventually become a cold, dead wasteland, researchers say. The study, conducted by an international team led by Professor Eric Jullo of Nasa's Jet Propulsion Laboratory in California, is published in the journal Science. Dark energy makes up threequarters of our Universe but is


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Commonwealth Handbook  

an electronic publication from Commonwealth Proper

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