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MEFUNI VERSI TY Fac ul t yofAr t ,DesgnandAr c ht ec t ur e ARC421 Pr oduc t onofPubl cSpac e Fat hEk en 051501065 Ex amnat onoft heÇember l t aşSquar e Ac c or dngt oGazAt k alPaş aMos que, I s par k ,Tr amway Fal l 2017

Çember l t aşSquar e

I nt hst hessst at ement ,Çember l t asSquar ewl lbeexamnedt hr ought heel ement swhchdecr easeand nt er r upt st hecontnut yoft hesquar e.I nt hscasepl otofI spar kcar par kswhchmanpul at esandl mt st hebor der soft hesquar ewl lbeaheadl ne.GazAtkalMosquecompl ex us edt o nt er r uptt hesquar e nt hecour seofhst or yandal sot oday ,becauseoft swal l str est rct st hesquar easbor der s.DvanRoad san mpor t antwaysncet hefr stnhabt atonoft hect y . I tconnect smpor t antt r ader out esandadmnst r atvecent er soft hect y .Becauseoft hsmpor t ance,t hefr stt r am ofOt t omanEmpr ehasbeenbul ton tandt her al waysoft het r am passes nextt ot heConst antnopl eCol umn.Todayt hssquar ewt ht scar par k ,mosqueandt r am way ,s stl lbusyandconnectngt he mpor t antcent er sofI st anbulsuchasGr andBazaar ,Mahmut paşa, BabIAl ,et c. . TheÇember l t assquar e,t sfr stnamewasConst antnes quar eand twasoneoft hel ar gest andt hemostmpor t antsquar eoft heByzantne’ scapt al .Themostdomnantel ementnt he squar e sundoubt edl yConst antneCol umn,t hecol umnal sost r engt hent hesgnfcanceoft he squar e.Ther ear eal otoffctonalst oresaboutt hehst or yoft heConst antneCol umn.Oneof t hemostconvenentst or yct edbyTül bent ç,6par t soft hecol umnwasbul tnConst antnopl e t hent hesepar t swentt oRomeandr et ur nedt oI st anbuln330AD.Const antner epl acedhs ownst at ueont het opoft hecol umn nst eadofApol l o’ s.I n1086,t hescul pt ur et hatwasr epar ed wasr epl acedwt houtscul pt ur e,andt her emnant swer er enovat ed.Thsmonument alcr cul aton showsust hatt hesquar ewasal waysmpor t antnByzantneer a. Af t ert heconquestn1453,Çember l t aşSquar el ostt ssquar ef eat ur ebecauseoft hest r uc t ur esmadear ound n.I tt ur nedt obeaj unctonconnectngSul t anahmet ,Mahmut paşa,Beyazı t andKumkapı .Thssquar eont heDvanRoadwasknownast heConst antneSquar edurngt he Byzantneperod.Todayt heDvanRoad sknownast heYencerst r eetorf unctonal l yknown asTr am s t r eet .Thehghestpontoft her oad st het r am st atonofCember l t asand tst hecl osestpontofar rvalt ot heSul t anahmetf ort hosear rvngbyt heI spar kcar par katt heendand Mahmut paşa,Gr andBazaarandSul t anahmet .TheCember l t ascol umn,j ustnextt ot het r am st op,soneoft he mpor t antwor ksf r om t heByzantneperod.( Tul bent c,TarheGör e,1965, Hur ryet )Wecanseet heemphassoft hecol umnaf t erOt t omanconquest ,byl ookngatt he phot os. Accor dngt oSl awomrBr al ewsk,t hecol umnwasbul tt ohonorConst antne,when twassel ect edast hecapt aloft heRomanEmpr e n320AD.Al t hought hecol umn sknownbymanydf f er entnames,hecal l ed tPor phr yCol umn.Thecol umncont ansmanyPaganandChrstan el ement saccor dngt oRomansour ces.( Br al ewsk,ThePor phyr yCol umn nConst antnopl e andТheRel csoft heTr ueCr oss)Wecanseet he mpor t anceoft hecol umn nRomanandByzantnetmes.


Af t ert heconquest ,t hecol umnst ayedj ustnextt oDvanRoad,t hsst uat onpr ot ect edt hecol umnf r om anydest r ucton.Af t erbul dngoft hemosqueat t hesout her nsdeoft hesquar e,tl ostt smeanngassquar e,andmydea sOt t omansddnotneeds uchasquar east heyusedal lmosquecour t yar ds ,f or merhppodr omeasgat herngar eas. Ther al basedpubl ct r anspor t atonsyst em st ar t edwt hhor sedr awnt r amsatt hebegnnngof1869 nI st anbul .Therusage nİ st anbulwasnotnov el compar edt oot herctesnEur ope.Just90year sl at er ,n1959,neweconomcpol cesandt heuseofasphal t tr esymbol zedmoder nandadvanced; Thet r am wasr emovedbypubl cwor ksaf t erbengseenol dandprmtve,tst hel asttmet hel astt r am of1959wasonr oad.( Er oğl uAksu,L.( 2010) EmnönüMeydanıveÇevr esndekUl aşı m Sst em Öğel erÜzerneBrDeğer l endr me)Accor dngt ot henewpl anspr oposedf orI st anbul ,t het r am s seenasadsr uptveandsl owel ementoft r af fc.Br oadavenues,asphal tr oadsandcar sar et hefr stt hngst ohtnnewI st anbulpl ans.I tsmadeupof ol dI st anbulcobbl est onepavement sandst onesmadeofcuts t one. I nt he1900s,t her ewer eagr eement sf orst r eetst onesbet weent hest at eandt r ol l eycompany .Ther ear e4l neswhchar eunder st oodfr standt hel ne ofEmnonuAksar ayt r amsusedt oday .Thehor set r amshadpr obl emswt ht heweaknessoft hehor seswhent heywer ever yf astnt hepl an.When t her e sanuphl l ,t heneedf orchangnghor sesappear ed.Soast heCember l t assquar e( Const antnesquar e)wasont het opoft hehl l ,t hehor seson t hewayt ot heDvanRoadhavebeenr el ocat ed nt hebar nneart hepar kngl ott odayt or el ax.( Engn,Popül erTarhDer gs,2000Ekm say ı sı ) Thepar kngl otoccupedbymuncpal t yandusedbyI spar knowst ar t edt obeused n1959al ongwt ht heaccept eddevel opmentpl an.Overt heyear s, thasbeent ender edt ovarousbusnesses.I tsmanagedbyI spar k ,whchwasest abl shed nt hemuncpal t yn2005.Par kngl otwasusedbyvst or s ofGr andBazaar ,Sul t anahmetandgover nmentnstt utons.I t snt ensfedusecausedanepct r af fcj am. GazAtkAlPashaMosquewasbul tn1496,af t ert heconquestofI st anbul .Thewal loft hemosque st hebor deroft het r amway ,t her e sacour t yar d wt h3ent r ances,t hemosque ssocl oset oÇember l t aşt hatswhytscal l edasÇember l t aşMosque.Medr ese,t heeducatondepar t mentoft he mosque,sacr osst her oad.I n1880s,t her ewasar oadext enson,ast hemedr esewasnt er r uptngt her oadwor k,4of16r oomswer edest r uct ed.( Yedgün,İ st anbul ’ unİ ncl erSurçCaml er)Ofcour se,t hskndofconst r uctonanddevel opmentwor kdest r uct edl ot sofbul dngsal lar oundt hewor l d. Compar edt ohor set r ams,el ect rcpower edt r amscamet oI st anbulwaycameaver yl ongwhl eaf t erwor l d,whch s33year s.Der saadetTr am CompanyandCt yAdmnst r atonsgneda50yearagr eementwt ht heHungaranEl ect rcCompanyf orel ect rcalnf r ast r uct ur eandt r amwayn1910.Becaus eoft heBal kanwar s,hor sesoft r amswer epur chasedbyt hear my ,andI st anbulwasl ef twt houtat r am f oroneyearbef or et he nt r oductonofel ect rcpower edones.Thsmayhel pt hebusnessesar oundt het r am t outl zet hef orhandl ngpur poses.( DündenBugüneİ st anbul Anskl opeds,Cl t1) I nconcl uson,asÇember l t aşwasoneoft hehghestpar tofDvanr oadand nt hemddl eoft hepennsul a,thasanat ur alqual t yt obeasquar e.Even t odaytsan mpor t antmeetngpontf orpeopl e.I tr eveal st hat ,whenanar eawasusedasasquar ef oratmeandhavesomeext er naloper atons suchasamosqueandacarpar k,tdoesnotl ose t scompl et ef ameand mpor t ance.I nshor t ,ft her e ssuchabul dngl keÇember l t aş,t hef uncton ofsur r oundngar eawl lbepr ot ect ed.Hor set r amschangnghor senearcol umn,Ot t omanEmpr ebul dngamosquear ound tj ustaf t erc onquest ,n spt eofchangngct ypl anshavngac arpar knt hesquar emeanst hatt hesur r oundngar easocal l edsquar ehasbeenusedf ormeetngs,gat herngs anddssembl ngs.


MEFUNI VERSI TY Fac ul t yofAr t ,DesgnandAr c ht ec t ur e ARC429 Ar c ht ec t ur e nt heAgeofAnt r opoc ene Fat hEk en 051501065

Fal l 2017

Fr om Aut omat ont oAut onomy , UsngI nt er netofThngsnI ndus t r y4. 0

Unmannedpr oducton,tsoneoft hemostspokent er msoft he nt er netage.Even f youdefnet het er mt oanor malper son,twl lcal lt hsadyst opa.Act ual l ytwl l af f ectal lofusand twon’ tbr eakt hewor l dor der .I n2006Ger manGover nmentst ar t edt hewor kngonI ndust r y4. 0andsomeoft hem cal l ed tI ndust r yI nt er net ,tsnot df fcul tt o nt er pr etwhy .Smar tconnectvt yofdevcesmakngcommuncatonofmachneseaserl keneverbef or e.I tsnotj ustatasngul arl evel ,buthghl ypr oductve companesar ecl ear l ydongt hsnt el l gentconnectonofsmar tdevcesnf act ores andshops.Bycombnngt hephyscal ,vr t ual ,I Tandcyber syst em wor l ds,manuf act ur er sar eamngt ot r ansf or m nt o“ smar tf act or yoper at or s” ,whocanmanage hghl yaut omat ed,connect edequpmentandanal yzedat apr ovdedbyt hes ys t ems. I not herwor ds,tssett ocr eat eanewwor kngenvr onmentofnt egr at edpr oductvt ybet weenwor k erandmachne.Accor dngt oBl lGat es,overt henext20year s, f act oresandwar ehousesacr osst heUSAar eget tngr eadyt or epl acet hehuman wor ker swt ht heAut omat edMachnes.Al so,USA spayngat t entont ot heprort yof I nt er netofThngs.I ndust r y4. 0 scomngwt haut omatonanddat aexchange n pr oductont echncs. I ndust r y4. 0brngst oget her ;I nt er netofThngs,Cl oudComputng,Aut omatonso t get sbl ackf act ores.Accor dngt oI EEEnews,ChangyngPr ecsonTechnol ogy CompanynDongguanAr ea( t echnol ogypr oductonct y)hasr epl aced600human as sembl yl newor ker swt h60r obot s.Resul tng nafvef ol dr educton nmanuf act urnger r or sandan ncr ease npr oductonover250per cent .I twast hefr stunmannedf act or ynDungguanandt hefr stl evelofwde ndust ralr evol utonpr ogr am f or t hem andt heycal l ed t“ RobotRepl aceHuman”pr ogr am.Accor dngt ot hemost r ecentndust ralr obot sst atstcsf r om t heI nt er natonalFeder atonofRobotcs,r obot sal esn2015 ncr easedt ot hehghestl eveleverbef or e.W t ht he nt er natonal mar ketval uef orr obotsyst emsestmat edt obear oundUSD35bl l on.TheI FRf or ecast st hatr obotnst al l atonswl lhaveacompoundannualgr owt hr at eofatl east13 per centdurngt heperod2017t o2019.I tsal soestmat edt hatmor et han1. 4ml l onnew ndust ralr obot swl lbe nst al l ed nf act oresar oundt hewor l dbet ween2017 and2019.Themandrver sf ort hsgr owt har eexpandngpr oductoncapactesand t het r endt owar dsset tngupaut omat edmanuf act urngl nes.Thsdevel opments confr medbyt hefndngsoft heKPMG Gl obalManuf act urngOut l ookst udy ,wt ht he maj ort yofr espondent sdentf yngr obotcsast hernumberoneR&D nvest mentprort yovert henextt woyear s.


Af t ert hebref saboutI ndust r y4. 0,I nt er netofThngsandAut omaton,whatIam gongt oeval uat e st hecteswt houthumanbengs.Al lt hectestl l t odayhavebeendesgnedaccor dngt ot hehumanneeds:Dwel l ng,cr cul at on,wor kngpl ace,et c.Butwhatsdf f er ent l yst rkngher e s:Iwantt o makeapr evsonaboutcteswhchar edesgnedaccor dngt ot henew ndust ralaut onomcsyst em.Pert heanal ysst hatIhavegven,nst eadof600 humanbengs,t hepowerof60r obot sdot hesamewor kandevenmor et hant hat .Thsct ywoul dbequt el ar geand tsgongt ohavesyst ematc st r uct ur e.Becauset r anspor t aton st hemostvt alpar toft hepr oductvt yofndust r y ,astsr el at edt oever ypar toft ,f r om pur chasngt her awmat eral st ogett hem packagedandt akngt hem ont heshel ves.I nAut onom Ct y ,Super-FastTr anscar r yever yt ypeofpr oduct satever yl evel .Al lt hebul dngsnt hect yar eabl et obeconnect edwt h Super-FastTr ans.Eachbul dngpl aysr ol e nt hepr oductonofvarouspr oduct saccor dngt ot he scal e.Pr oduct swer est ar t edt obepr ocessedont hegr oundf l oort hengongupst ar s,fnal l y ,t hesepr oduct sar el oadedont r ansandcontnung. Ever ynewpr oductl eadst oanot hernewconst r uctonandbul dng.Thect ysspl tnt oheavyndust res,el ect r oncs,aut omobl es,t extl egoods ,et c. Locatonsofeachf act or yar ever ympor t antbecauseoft heconnectonsofbul dngs. I nconcl uson,whent hear cht ect ur eofpl aceswher egr oupsofpeopl ehavebeenl vngandpr oducngt hngst hathumanhasbeenneedng.Wecan seeobvousl yt hatsmal lvl l agest ur n nt osmal lctesandt henmet r opol s.Wecanpr edctt hatt hst r endwl lt akeust ot hect yImagnedabove,Aut onom Ct ynot herwor ds.


Fatih Eken  

Architectural Portfolio

Fatih Eken  

Architectural Portfolio

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