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ASYLUM LEVELS AND TRENDS IN INDUSTRIALIZED COUNTRIES, 2007

Statistical Overview of Asylum Applications Lodged in Europe and Selected Non-European Countries

18 March 2008


Asylum Levels and Trends in Industrialized Countries 2007

I. INTRODUCTION 1 This document analyzes the main levels, patterns and trends in the number of individual asylum applications submitted in Europe and selected non-European countries during 2007 and is based on official Government statistics. Asylum-seekers are individuals who have sought international protection and whose claim for refugee status has not yet been determined. It is important to note, however, that a person is a refugee from the moment he/she fulfils the criteria set out in the refugee definition. The formal recognition of someone, for instance through individual refugee status determination, does not establish refugee status, but confirms it. As part of its obligation to protect refugees on its territory, the country of asylum is normally responsible for determining whether an asylum-seeker is a refugee or not. The responsibility is often incorporated into the national legislation of the country and is in most cases derived from the 1951 Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees. With UNHCR’s data collection of monthly asylum statistics having expanded in the course of the year, the number of countries included now stands at 43, as compared to 37 previously. The newly included countries are Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Montenegro, Serbia2, the Republic of Korea, Turkey and The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia. In order to ensure comparability over time, UNHCR’s asylum database has been retroactively updated by incorporating monthly asylum statistics for the six new countries since at least 2005, in the case of Turkey and the Republic of Korea even since 1999. As a result of this expansion, previous UNHCR reports analyzing monthly asylum trends may differ from the current one in terms of scope and data availability and are thus not comparable. This group of countries is collectively referred to as the “43 industrialized countries” and has been defined for the purpose of this report only.3 The Office’s monthly asylum monitoring system now includes virtually all major asylum-seeker receiving countries in Europe with the exception of Italy. However, Italy is expected to be included as of 2008 in view of improved statistical reporting systems that have been put in place in the country. The number of asylum countries covered by the various tables in this document differs, depending on the nature of the analysis and the availability of data. With the recent expansion of the European Union and potential for future accessions, capacity building in and international responsibility sharing with countries of central, eastern and southern Europe have become increasingly important. This is why Table 1 on page 12 not only includes the 43 industrialized countries but also Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Italy, Georgia, Moldova, the Russian Federation, and Ukraine for which annual but not monthly data are available. Tables 2 through 23 are limited to the 43 industrialized asylum countries which provide monthly asylum statistics to UNHCR. The statistical information presented in this document refers to “first instance” asylum applications submitted in the 43 industrialized countries. Wherever possible, the data reflects only first time applications. Information on the outcome of asylum procedures, that is, asylumseekers recognized as refugees, granted a complementary or subsidiary form of protection, as 1

This report has been prepared by the Field Information and Coordination Support Section (FICSS), Division of Operational Services at UNHCR Headquarters in Geneva. Any questions concerning this document should be addressed to FICSS at stats@unhcr.org. For other UNHCR statistics, see UNHCR’s Statistical Online Population Database at http://www.unhcr.org/statistics/populationdatabase. 2 The monthly asylum data for Serbia excludes Kosovo. 3 The 43 countries are: 26 Member States of the European Union (excluding Italy), Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Iceland, Liechtenstein, Montenegro, Norway, Serbia, Switzerland, The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Turkey, as well as Australia, Canada, Japan, New Zealand, Republic of Korea and the United States of America.

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Asylum Levels and Trends in Industrialized Countries 2007

well as those who have been denied refugee status, is currently being compiled by UNHCR and will be published separately.

II. SOURCES AND DATA CONSIDERATIONS Under the 1951 Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees, States are required to provide UNHCR with statistics on the number and conditions of refugees, asylum-seekers and other groups of concern to the High Commissioner. This report is, therefore, mostly based on official asylum statistics, reflecting national laws and procedures. During the period 2003-2007, UNHCR conducted refugee status determination under its mandate in a number of countries including Azerbaijan, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Cyprus, Montenegro, Serbia, and Turkey (see notes in Table 1 for more details). All figures based on monthly statistics should be considered as provisional and subject to change. Due to retroactive changes and adjustments, some of the data included in this publication may differ slightly from those reported in previous UNHCR documents or from the official annual figures published by States. This is, for instance, the case of Germany where the cumulative total derived from monthly data differs from the annual total provided by the German authorities (see the notes in Table 1 for more information). To the extent possible, asylum-seekers are counted only once in each country. The totals, however, overestimate the number of new arrivals because some individuals apply for asylum in more than one country. This report thus primarily reflects submissions of asylum applications rather than the number of people submitting a claim. The EU regulation on migration and According to the EURODAC Central Unit4, the international protection statistics verification of asylum claims in 2005 and 2006 showed that in both years, 17 per cent each of all asylum In July 2007, the new EU regulation on claims registered in the system were multiple claims, migration and international protection i.e. the asylum applicant had submitted at least one statistics entered into force. It requires EU member States, among others, to previous application in the same or another member provide the European Commission State of the European Union. (Eurostat) with a standardized and The statistics presented in this document reflect the number of applications lodged by asylum-seekers for the first time. However, a significant number of countries included in this report cannot distinguish new asylum applications from reopened or repeat claims in their respective statistical systems. As a consequence, some of the numbers of asylum applicants reported to UNHCR are likely to be inflated. Since July 2006, asylum statistics reported by the Netherlands distinguish between new asylum claims and second/repeat applications. An analysis of the Dutch asylum figures shows that a significant proportion of asylum claims reported as initial applications are in fact second, repeated, or reopened applications. It can be concluded that the number of 4

comparable set of asylum data. This dataset includes all relevant statistics encompassing the asylum procedure (including: asylum claims, decisions, pending cases, sex and agedisaggregated asylum data). The new regulation, however, does not address the issue of separating new and repeat/reopened applications in national asylum statistics. It is therefore left to the discretion of each member State whether to report this type of statistics separately or not. Given the current practice in some countries, UNHCR expects that the number of individuals seeking international protection in the European Union will continue to be overestimated.

The EURODAC system was introduced among EU member States in 2003 to facilitate, among others, the comparison of fingerprints of asylum applicants. The main purpose of the system is to identify individuals who have submitted an asylum application in more than one EU member State. Source: http://www.ec.europa.eu/justice_home/doc_centre/asylum/identification/doc/sec_2007_1184_en.pdf

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Asylum Levels and Trends in Industrialized Countries 2007

new asylum-seekers in the Netherlands prior to this date was overestimated. The figures for the Netherlands reported in this document include new, repeat and second applications up to the end of 2006. From January 2007 onwards, all data refer to new applications only and are thus not comparable with earlier figures. All the data in this document refer to the number of individuals with the exception of the United States of America. Only the number of cases (which can include several individuals) rather than individuals is available for applications submitted to the Department of Homeland Security (DHS). UNHCR has multiplied the total number of asylum cases by a factor of 1.4 to estimate the number of individuals as historical data suggest that on average one case equals 1.4 individuals. Applications submitted to the Executive Office of Immigration Review (EOIR), however, are recorded as individuals. Owing to the large variation of family size by nationality, the analysis by country of origin in the United States of America is based on a combination of the number of cases (DHS) and the number of individuals (EOIR).

III. GLOBAL AND REGIONAL TRENDS The number of individuals requesting refugee or asylum status in Europe and the non-European industrialized countries analysed in this report increased by 10 per cent in 2007 in comparison with 2006. An estimated 338,300 new asylum applications were recorded in the course of the year, 32,000 more than the year before. This is the Fig.1 Change in asylum claims in first increase in five years and follows a 20-year selected regions (%) low observed in 2006 (306,300 asylum claims). -54.7% Despite this increase, the 2007 level is only half EU-27 10.9% the level witnessed in 2001 when more than 655,000 asylum-seekers sought international -53.9% Europe protection in the 51 countries listed in Table 1 12.9% (see also Figure 1). The rise in 2007 can by and -49.8% large be attributed to the sharp increase in Iraqi Canada/USA 3.6% asylum-seekers, as will be explained later in this report. If the Iraqi asylum claims were to be Australia/New -72.8% excluded from the analysis, the increase in 2007 11.1% Zealand would have been only 2 per cent. 2001-2006 2006-2007 The increase in 2007 compared to the year before was felt unanimously across all major regions. Out of a total of 338,300 asylum applications registered in 2007, Europe received 254,200 claims, 13 per cent more than the previous year (225,200). This increase comes despite a few traditional receiving countries recording the lowest numbers in years or even decades (e.g. Germany, France, and the United Kingdom). Simultaneously, other countries have emerged at the top of the list, in particular Greece and Sweden. A similar trend was observed among the 27 Member States of the European Union which recorded 222,900 new asylum applications in 2007, 11 per cent more than in 2006 (201,000). The average figure for the EU-27, however, hides significant differences between the 12 “new” and the 15 “old” member States5. While the former recorded a 27 per cent increase in 2007 (from 20,000 to 25,500), the latter registered a 9 per cent rise “only” (from 181,000 to 197,500), thus accounting for 78 per cent of all asylum claims in Europe. Within Europe, both Southern Europe and the Nordic countries recorded strong increases in 2007 in comparison with the previous year. Close to 63,000 individuals applied for international 5

“New” EU Member States refers to Bulgaria, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Poland, Romania, Slovakia, and Slovenia. “Old” EU Member States refers to Austria, Belgium, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Portugal, Spain, Sweden, and United Kingdom.

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Asylum Levels and Trends in Industrialized Countries 2007

protection in Southern Europe alone, some 24,200 more than in 2006 (+63%), with the largest numbers being recorded in Greece (25,100) and Italy (14,000). The Nordic countries, on the other hand, registered more than 46,400 new asylum-seekers, 12,500 applications or 37 per cent more than during 2006. Sweden was by far the main destination of asylum-seekers (36,200 claims) with on average four out of five applications in the Nordic region being lodged in that country.

Fig.2 Asylum claims lodged in selected European regions, 2003-2007 70,000 60,000

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

50,000 40,000 30,000 20,000 10,000 Nordic countries

Southern Europe

In North America, an estimated 77,500 new asylum applications were submitted in 2007, some 2,700 claims or 4 per cent more than in 2006. Some 49,200 or 68 per cent of those claims were received by the United States of America. Despite this increase, the 2007 level remains at only half the level witnessed in 2001 when close to 150,000 applications were lodged in Canada and the United States of America together. While in absolute terms still relatively small, the trend observed in Australia and New Zealand is quite similar. After the latest peak in 2000-2001 where on average 14,000 individuals submitted an asylum claim annually, the numbers started decreasing sharply and in 2005 reached the lowest level since 1989 (1,600 claims). Levels started to increase again shortly afterwards and by 2007 stood at some 4,200 claims, 11 per cent or 400 claims more than the year before. It is primarily individuals from China, India and Sri Lanka who request refugee status in Australia and New Zealand. In contrast, Japan and the Republic of Korea together registered a record high of 1,500 new asylum applications in 2007, predominantly from individuals originating from Myanmar and Nepal. With the exception of 2002 (290 applications), the two countries have in general witnessed a steady increase in new asylum-seekers arriving on their territories. The numbers, however, still remain modest in comparison with other industrialized countries.

IV. LEVELS AND PATTERNS IN COUNTRIES OF ASYLUM General overview From 2006 to 2007, 25 of the 51 asylum countries included in Table 1 reported a decrease in asylum requests while 26 countries reported an increase. This trend does not follow the pattern observed from 2004 to 2006 when, in general, fewer than 20 countries reported an increase from one year to another. Seventeen out of the 51 countries received more than 5,000 new asylum requests in 2007, three more than in 2006. Major asylum-seeker receiving countries reporting a significant fall included Austria (-11%), Germany (-9%), France and the United States of America (-5% each).6 Conversely, major increases were recorded by Sweden (+49%), Greece (+105%), Canada (+24%), Italy (+35%), Turkey (+68%, UNHCR asylum procedure), Spain (+41%), and Poland (+61%) (see Table 1 on page 12). Country-specific trends in 2007 Until recently, Austria, France, Germany, and the United Kingdom were among the main destinations for asylum-seekers arriving in industrialized countries. During 2007, however, other 6

The Netherlands would also feature in the list of countries experiencing a significant decrease in the number of new asylumseekers but owing to the fact that the 2007 figure is not directly comparable with pre-2007 data, the country is not listed.

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Asylum Levels and Trends in Industrialized Countries 2007

countries started to receive major numbers of asylum-seekers. For a few countries, including Greece, Malta, and the Republic of Korea, the number of asylum-seekers in 2007 was the highest on record. In other countries, however, the 2007 level was the lowest in many years, in some cases even for decades. Germany for instance recorded the lowest level since 1977, the Netherlands since 19887 and the United Kingdom since 1989. In the Czech Republic, the number of new asylum applications submitted was the lowest since 1995, in Ireland and Slovenia since 1997, and in Finland and France since 1998. After having been the second largest recipient of new asylum-seekers in 2004 and 2005, the United States of America had become the main destination in 2006. More than 49,200 new asylum claims were submitted during 2007, some 2,700 less than the year before (-5%). Despite this decrease, the United States of America remained the top receiving country in 2007. As such, it accounted for 14.5 per cent of all asylum claims submitted in the 51 countries included in Table 1.

Fig.3 Distribution of asylum claims in 51 industrialized countries, 2007 Other 28.8%

AUS 3.5%

USA 14.5% SWE 10.7% FRA 8.6%

ITA 4.2% GER 5.7%

CAN 8.4%

GRE 7.4% In Sweden, the number of new asylum requests UK 8.2% lodged during 2007 (36,200) increased by half compared to 2006 (24,300), making it the second largest asylum-seeker receiving country. As such, Sweden accounted for almost 11 per cent of all claims received among the industrialized countries as compared to 8 per cent the previous year. This increase has been caused primarily by the continuous arrival of large numbers of Iraqi asylum-seekers. The 2007 level is also the third highest ever witnessed in Sweden after 1992 (84,000 claims)8 and 1993 (37,600 claims) (see Figure 4).

France, which had been the top receiving country in 2004 (58,500 claims) and 2005 (49,700 claims) dropped to second place in 2006 (30,700 claims). The number of individuals requesting refugee status continued to decrease during 2007, with France receiving 29,200 new asylum applications during the year, some 1,600 less Fig.4 Asylum claims submitted in than the previous year (-5%). As such, France 10 major receiving countries, 2006-2007 is now the third largest recipient of asylum60,000 seekers among the group of industrialized 50,000 countries, accounting for almost 9 per cent of 2006 all asylum claims. 2007 40,000 30,000

The number of individuals applying for 20,000 asylum in Canada continued to increase for the second consecutive year. More than 28,300 10,000 new asylum-seekers were registered by the 0 Canadian authorities in 2007, one quarter or USA SWE FRA CAN UK GRE GER ITA AUS BEL 5,400 claims more than the year before. This significant increase can be attributed to the number of new Colombian asylum applications which has almost doubled in 2007 (from 1,400 in 2006 to 2,600 in 2007) as well as the soaring of asylum applications by citizens of Haiti (from 700 in 2006 to 3,200 in 2007). 7

Since 2007, the Dutch figures exclude repeat and reopened applications and are therefore not necessarily comparable to previous years. 8 Out of the 84,000 claims submitted in 1992, more than 69,000 were lodged by citizens of the former Yugoslavia.

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Asylum Levels and Trends in Industrialized Countries 2007

With 27,900 asylum applications submitted in 2007, only Fig.5 Asylum claims lodged in marginally less than in 2006 (28,300), the United Germany, 1977-2007 Kingdom fell from third to fifth most important 450,000 destination for asylum-seekers among the industrialized 375,000 countries. This is the fifth consecutive year in which 300,000 figures have gone down, albeit at a much slower pace than 225,000 a few years ago. Similarly, figures in Germany have also 150,000 continued to decline reaching a 30-year low in 2007 with 9 75,000 19,200 individuals applying for asylum (-9%). This comes 0 after it had been the leading European destination country '77 '82 '87 '92 '97 '02 '07 for much of the 1980s and 1990s, in the early 1990s even registering half of all asylum claims in the industrialized world. Among the 51 countries included in Table 1, Germany was the seventh most important destination country for asylumseekers in 2007. Greece has emerged as a major new recipient of asylum-seekers in the industrialized world. In the Country 2004 2005 2006 2007 course of 2007, 25,100 asylum applications were United States 2 2 1 1 lodged in the country, almost 13,000 more than in Sweden 7 7 4 2 2006, constituting not only the fourth consecutive France 1 1 2 3 annual increase, but also five times more applications Canada 5 6 5 4 than in 2004 (4,500 asylum claims). Greece thus United Kingdom 3 3 3 5 moved from being the ninth largest recipient of Greece 19 12 9 6 asylum-seekers in 2006 to sixth most important Germany 4 4 6 7 Italy 13 11 12 8 destination in 2007. This large increase is on the one Austria 6 5 8 9 hand due to new arrivals, particularly from Iraq, and on Belgium 8 8 10 10 the other hand to the continuous implementation of improved registration systems allowing a faster recording of asylum claims. Table A. Changes in the ranking of the top10 receiving countries, 2004-2007

The United States of America, Sweden and France, the top-3 receiving countries in 2007, together accounted for one third of all new asylum claims submitted in industrialized countries. Including Canada and the United Kingdom, the top-5 accounted for half of all asylum claims. Trends over the past five years During 2003-2007, the United States of Table B. Share of main receiving countries of asylum-seekers in total number of applications America received the largest number of new Country 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 asylum-seekers (276,000), followed by France United States 15% 13% 14% 17% 15% (228,000), the United Kingdom (188,000), Sweden 6% 6% 5% 8% 11% Germany (155,000), and Sweden (133,000). France 12% 15% 15% 10% 9% Together, the three leading asylum countries Canada 6% 6% 6% 7% 8% 12% 10% 9% 9% 8% received more than one third (37%) of all United Kingdom 2% 1% 3% 4% 7% asylum requests submitted in the 51 countries Greece Germany 10% 9% 9% 7% 6% listed in Table 1. The countries’ individual share Italy 3% 2% 3% 3% 4% 6% 6% 7% 4% 4% in the total number of applications received, Austria 3% 4% 5% 4% 3% however, reveals a changing pattern over time. Belgium Whereas the share of the United States of America as the main recipient over the 5-year period ranged between 13 to 17 per cent, the share of France and Germany gradually decreased from 15 per cent in 2004 (France) and 10 per cent in 2003 (Germany) to 9 and 6 per cent respectively in 2007. Conversely, the share of Greece and in particular Sweden went up sharply from 1 per cent in 2004 (Greece) and 5 per cent in 2005 (Sweden) to 7 and 11 per cent in 2007 respectively. 9

The German data prior to 1993 includes reopened applications.

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Asylum Levels and Trends in Industrialized Countries 2007

The figures analysed above are all based on the absolute numbers of asylum claims received. The situation changes when using a relative measure such as the number of asylum-seekers compared to the size of the national population, allowing for a better comparison between countries. The latter can be considered as an indicator of the capacity of countries to host asylum-seekers. During the period 2003-2007, Cyprus received 39 asylum-seekers per 1,000 inhabitants, the highest level of all 51 countries listed in Table 1. Sweden ranked second (15), followed by Malta (13), Austria (13), Luxembourg (10), and Switzerland (9) (see Table 1 on page 12). The United States of America, the main recipient of new asylum-seekers during this period, was ranked 26th with on average one asylum-seeker per 1,000 inhabitants. At the regional level, the 27 member States of the European Union received on average 2.6 asylum-seekers per 1,000 inhabitants during 2003-2007. Fourteen countries ranked below the “EU-27” average, including 9 of the 12 new member States. Among the latter, only Cyprus, Malta and Slovakia received on average more asylum-seekers per 1,000 inhabitants than the “EU-27” as a whole. The 42 European countries included in Table 1 received on average 1.8 asylum-seekers per 1,000 inhabitants whereas the corresponding figure for North America and Australia/New Zealand was 1.2 and 0.8 respectively. Japan and Republic of Korea received 0.03 asylum-seekers per 1,000 inhabitants given the high national population (more than 176 million together) and comparatively low number of asylum-seekers.

V. ORIGIN OF ASYLUM-SEEKERS The statistics by origin are generally based on the nationality or country of citizenship as recorded by the competent authorities of the host country. This section analyses the origin of asylum-seekers in the 43 industrialized countries which provided monthly asylum data to UNHCR.

Fig.6 Distribution of asylum claims by region of origin, 2007

Asia 49.9% Unknown 1.5%

Latin Am./ Caribb. 11.8%

Individuals originating from almost 200 different countries or territories submitted at least one asylum Europe claim in 2007. Half of all asylum applications were 14.9% Africa North submitted by asylum-seekers from Asia. Africa was 21.2% America Oceania the second most important source continent (21% of 0.6% 0.1% all claims), followed by Europe (15%), Latin America and the Caribbean (12%), and North America (1%).10 The country of origin of 4,700 asylum-seekers, however, was unknown. Out of the 40 main asylum-seeker nationalities, 17 registered a rise during 2007. Among the major source countries of asylum-seekers, significant increases were registered by: Iraq (+98%), Pakistan (+87%), the Syrian Arab Republic (+47%), Somalia (+43%), and Mexico (+41%). Conversely, out of the 23 nationalities which recorded a decrease in 2007 as compared to 2006, seven registered a drop of more than 20 per cent. This included asylum applicants originating from Azerbaijan (-41%), Sudan (-34%), and Turkey (-22%). After having been the main source country of asylum-seekers in industrialized countries in 2000 and 2002, Iraq again became the main country of origin in 2006. This trend has continued in 2007, with 45,200 Iraqis submitting an asylum claim or roughly 1 out of 6 claims. The Russian Federation was the second most important source country of asylum-seekers with 18,800 10

The geographical regions used are those of the UN Statistics Division (http://unstats.un.org/unsd/methods/m49/m49.htm).

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Asylum Levels and Trends in Industrialized Countries 2007

claims, or 6 per cent of all claims, followed by China (17,100), Serbia11 (15,400), Pakistan (14,300), and Somalia (11,500) (see Table 2 on page 14).

Fig.7 Iraqi asylum claims in 43 industrialized countries, 1990-2007 60,000

The number of Iraqis lodging asylum claims in 50,000 industrialized countries has almost doubled in 2007 40,000 compared to 2006 (from 22,900 to 45,200). The 2007 30,000 level was at the same time the fourth highest observed in 20,000 the industrialized countries since 1990. The numbers 10,000 0 have remained high throughout the year with quarterly '90 '94 '98 '02 '07 figures ranging between 10,700 and 12,000. If current trends are maintained, the number of Iraqis submitting asylum claims in industrialized countries might reach in the coming years the peak levels seen between 2000 and 2002. Iraqis lodged asylum applications in 37 out of the 43 industrialized countries, but their share is not equally distributed between countries. Out of the 45,200 Iraqi claims lodged in 2007, 18,600 were submitted in Sweden (41%). The number has more than doubled compared to 2006 (9,000) and was seven times higher than in 2005 (2,300). According to OECD statistics12, Iraqis are the third largest foreign-born population in Sweden. The extensive Iraqi community and the therefore existing strong social national network in the country might be part of the driving forces behind the high concentration of Iraqi asylum-seekers. Iraqi asylum claims lodged in 43 industrialized countries: absolute and relative increase and decrease 2007 compared to 2006

Note: Figures for the Netherlands prior to 2007 include repeat and reopened applications and are thus not comparable with 2007. The vast majority (94%) of Iraqi asylum claims lodged in Spain in 2007 were submitted at the Spanish embassy in Cairo.

Greece received 5,500 Iraqi asylum claims, while Germany and Turkey recorded 4,200 and 3,500 applications respectively. A significant number of Iraqis also applied for asylum in the United Kingdom (2,100), the Netherlands (2,000), and Spain (1,600). It should be noted that 94 per cent of all Iraqi claims recorded in Spain were submitted at the Spanish embassy in Cairo. The map above illustrates the absolute and relative level of increase and decrease of Iraqi asylum-seekers in the 43 industrialized countries included in this report. 11 12

Data for Serbia might include Montenegro in a few countries where no separate statistics are available for both countries. OECD, International Migration Outlook, Sopemi 2006, p.271

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Asylum Levels and Trends in Industrialized Countries 2007

No. of applications

While Iraqi asylum applications almost doubled from 2006 to 2007, a smaller increase was recorded for asylum-seekers originating from the Russian Federation. Some 18,800 asylum claims submitted by citizens of the Russian Federation (most being from Chechnya) were registered in the 43 industrialized countries in 2007, 3,000 claims or 19 per cent more than in 2006. As a result, the Russian Federation moved up from being the fourth largest country of origin in 2006 to second in 2007. In particular the fourth quarter of 2007 saw Fig.8 Top-10 nationalities of more than 7,900 originating from the asylum-seekers, 2006-2007 50,000 Russian Federation submitting asylum 2006 requests as compared to 10,800 requests 40,000 lodged during the first three quarters. 2007 Despite this increase, the 2007 level 30,000 remained at about half the number 20,000 observed in 2003 (35,000 asylum-seekers from the Russian Federation). 10,000

Chinese asylum-seekers were the third largest group with 17,100 new claims recorded during the year, 1,300 less than in 2006 (-9%), accounting for 6 per cent of all asylum claims in 2007. Since 2002, the number of Chinese nationals requesting asylum in the 43 industrialized countries has declined by one third, reaching in 2007 its lowest level in a decade. The number of asylum claims submitted by individuals originating from Serbia remained fairly stable in 2007 with 15,400 new applications being submitted (-2%). As such, it was the fourth most important country of origin in 2007. 0

IRQ RUS CHI SRB PAK SOMMEX AFG IRN SRI

New asylum applications submitted by citizens from Pakistan, the fifth most important source country of asylum-seekers (14,300 claims), has almost doubled during the year (+87%). This is primarily the result of new registration procedures implemented in Greece. Here, the number of Table C. Changes in the ranking of the top-10 countries of origin, 2004-2007 registered Pakistani asylum-seekers went up from Country of origin 2004 2005 2006 2007 250 claims in 2004, to 2,400 in 2006 and 9,100 in Iraq 9 4 1 1 2007. With the political situation in Somalia Russian Federation 1 2 4 2 deteriorating in the course of 2007, 11,500 Somali China 3 3 2 3 asylum applications were recorded in the 43 Serbia* 2 1 3 4 8 10 9 5 industrialized countries, 3,500 or 43 per cent more Pakistan 10 11 8 6 than in 2006. Somalia was sixth most important Somalia Mexico 21 17 11 7 source country of asylum-seekers. Afghanistan 12 8 7 8 Islamic Rep. of Iran

5

6

5

9

The distribution of asylum-seekers in industrialized Sri Lanka 19 15 16 10 countries as described above reflects general * Statistics prior to 2007 refer to Serbia and Montenegro. trends. However, it also hides clear patterns of certain nationalities tending to cluster in a limited number of countries. For instance, half of all Chinese asylum applications in 2007 were submitted in the United States of America (50%) alone. Similarly, two thirds of Pakistani asylum claims were lodged in Greece (64%) while more than half of the 18,800 Russian asylum applicants were registered in Poland (35%) and France (17%). In addition, 7 out of 10 Iraqi asylum claims were lodged in four countries only, namely Sweden (41%), Greece (12%), Germany (9%), and Turkey (8%). Virtually all applications lodged by Mexican nationals during 2007 were submitted in Canada (74%) or the United States of America (24%), a phenomenon which has been observed for some years now.

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Asylum Levels and Trends in Industrialized Countries 2007

Over the last four years, some changes have occurred in the ranking of the main countries of origin of asylum applicants. From 2004 to 2007, Iraqis have moved up the list from the 9th to the 1st position. Similarly, Mexico became 7th most important source country in 2007 as compared to 2004 (21st place). In contrast, asylum applicants from the Islamic Republic of Iran dropped from the 5th to the 9th position during the same period. Conversely, Turkey and Nigeria are no longer present in the top-10 ranking, since fewer asylum applications have been submitted by people from these two countries in 2007.

VI. QUARTERLY TRENDS Some 162,500 asylum applications were lodged in the second half of the year, 12,000 or 8 per cent more than during the first two quarters (150,500). This trend is fully in line with the one observed in most of the previous years, namely that between July and December more people request refugee or asylum status than between January and June. During the fourth quarter of 2007, an estimated 85,900 asylum applications were lodged in the 43 countries providing monthly asylum data to UNHCR; 12 per cent more than during the third quarter (76,700). The fourth quarter of 2007 was thus the highest one since the fourth quarter of 2004. The main explanations for this increase are to be found in Canada, Poland and the United Kingdom. Asylum-seekers originating from Mexico, Haiti and Colombia registered in Canada more claims between July and December (total of 8,200) than during the six preceding months (4,700). The Polish authorities reported a sharp increase of Russian asylum requests during the second half of the year (total of 5,400) compared to the first half of the year (1,100). The most likely reason for the recent increase in new arrivals in Poland is its accession to the Schengen Zone in late December 2007, combined with fears that this will lead to stricter border controls. The United Kingdom experienced a significant increase in the second half of the year when 15,200 individuals requested asylum, compared to 12,700 between January and June 2007 (+20%). The main nationalities accounting for the increase in the United Kingdom were Iraqi and Eritrean asylum-seekers whose numbers doubled during this period.

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Asylum Levels and Trends in Industrialized Countries 2007 Table 1. Asylum applications submitted in Europe and non-European industrialized countries, 2003-2007 For country notes and regional classification, see next page.

Country/ region of asylum Albania Armenia Australia Austria Azerbaijan Belarus Belgium Bosnia and Herzegovina Bulgaria Canada Croatia Cyprus Czech Rep. Denmark Estonia Finland France Georgia Germany Greece Hungary Iceland Ireland Italy Japan Korea, Rep. of Latvia Liechtenstein Lithuania Luxembourg Malta Moldova Montenegro Netherlands New Zealand Norway Poland Portugal Romania Russian Federation Serbia Slovak Republic Slovenia Spain Sweden Switzerland TfYR Macedonia Turkey Ukraine United Kingdom United States EU-"Old" (15) EU-"New" (12) EU-Total (27) Nordic countries (5) Western Europe (19) Southern Europe (8) Former Yugoslavia (6) Former USSR (10) Total Europe (42) Canada/USA Australia/New Zealand Japan/Rep. of Korea

2003 30 80 4,300 32,360 880 140 16,940 740 1,550 31,940 60 4,410 11,400 4,590 10 3,220 59,770 50,560 8,180 2,400 80 7,900 13,460 340 90 10 100 180 1,550 570 90 13,400 840 15,960 6,910 90 1,080 740 140 10,360 1,100 5,920 31,350 20,810 2,280 3,950 1,370 60,050 73,780 309,340 39,980 349,320 55,200 346,290 36,610 4,320 3,500 395,810 105,720 5,140 430

2004 20 190 3,200 24,630 1,230 170 15,360 200 1,130 25,500 160 9,860 5,460 3,240 10 3,860 58,550 10 35,610 4,470 1,600 80 4,770 9,720 430 150 10 70 170 1,580 1,000 110 9,780 580 7,950 8,080 110 660 910 60 11,400 1,170 5,540 23,160 14,250 100 3,910 1,360 40,620 52,360 241,000 40,550 281,550 38,290 263,350 34,630 1,690 4,170 310,900 77,860 3,780 580

2005 30 160 3,200 22,460 1,050 210 15,960 150 820 19,740 190 7,750 4,160 2,260 10 3,570 49,730 20 28,910 9,050 1,610 90 4,320 9,550 380 410 20 50 120 800 1,170 110 12,350 350 5,400 6,860 110 590 960 90 3,550 1,600 5,250 17,530 10,060 70 3,920 1,770 30,840 48,770 212,690 28,260 240,950 28,850 228,290 36,830 2,100 4,430 264,050 68,510 3,550 790

2006 20 620 3,520 13,350 670 90 11,590 70 640 22,910 90 4,550 3,020 1,920 10 2,330 30,750 30 21,030 12,270 2,120 40 4,310 10,350 950 280 10 50 140 520 1,270 70 20 14,470 280 5,320 4,430 130 460 1,170 20 2,870 520 5,300 24,320 10,540 60 4,550 2,080 28,320 51,880 180,960 20,040 201,000 33,930 196,910 38,440 780 4,890 225,190 74,790 3,800 1,230

2007 30 300 3,970 11,880 540 50 11,120 570 980 28,340 200 6,790 1,880 2,230 10 1,430 29,160 20 19,160 25,110 3,420 40 3,990 14,050 820 720 30 30 120 430 1,380 80 7,100 250 6,530 7,120 220 660 3,370 80 2,640 430 7,460 36,210 10,390 30 7,640 2,270 27,900 49,170 197,450 25,460 222,910 46,440 214,440 62,680 1,310 6,790 254,220 77,510 4,220 1,540

Total 130 1,350 18,190 104,680 4,370 660 70,970 1,730 5,120 128,430 700 33,360 25,920 14,240 50 14,410 227,960 80 155,270 59,080 11,150 330 25,290 57,130 2,920 1,650 80 300 730 4,880 5,390 460 20 57,100 2,300 41,160 33,400 660 3,450 7,150 390 30,820 4,820 29,470 132,570 66,050 2,540 23,970 8,850 187,730 275,960 1,141,440 154,290 1,295,730 202,710 1,249,280 209,190 10,200 23,780 1,450,170 404,390 20,490 4,570

Total (51)

508,060

394,550

338,130

306,330

338,350

1,885,420

Annual Share Rank Per 1,000 inhabitants change Total Rank '07-'06 2007 '03-'07 2007 '03-'07 2007 '03-'07 2007 '03-'07 50% 0% 0% 45 47 0.0 0.0 45 44 -52% 0% 0% 36 38 0.1 0.4 32 33 13% 1% 1% 19 21 0.2 0.9 23 28 -11% 4% 6% 9 7 1.4 12.5 5 4 -19% 0% 0% 33 31 0.1 0.5 33 32 -44% 0% 0% 43 41 0.0 0.1 49 41 -4% 3% 4% 10 8 1.1 6.8 8 9 714% 0% 0% 32 36 0.1 0.4 28 34 53% 0% 0% 28 28 0.1 0.7 30 29 24% 8% 7% 4 6 0.9 3.9 11 13 122% 0% 0% 39 40 0.0 0.2 36 39 49% 2% 2% 16 15 7.9 39.0 1 1 -38% 1% 1% 25 18 0.2 2.5 25 19 16% 1% 1% 24 23 0.4 2.6 17 18 0% 0% 0% 50 50 0.0 0.0 47 46 -39% 0% 1% 26 22 0.3 2.7 19 17 -5% 9% 12% 3 2 0.5 3.7 14 14 -33% 0% 0% 49 48 0.0 0.0 50 51 -9% 6% 8% 7 4 0.2 1.9 21 21 105% 7% 3% 6 10 2.3 5.3 4 12 61% 1% 1% 20 24 0.3 1.1 18 23 0% 0% 0% 44 45 0.1 1.1 29 24 -7% 1% 1% 18 19 0.9 5.9 9 10 36% 4% 3% 8 11 0.2 1.0 20 25 -14% 0% 0% 29 33 0.0 0.0 48 50 157% 0% 0% 30 37 0.0 0.0 42 48 200% 0% 0% 45 48 0.0 0.0 44 47 -40% 0% 0% 45 46 0.9 8.5 12 8 -14% 0% 0% 40 39 0.0 0.2 37 36 -17% 0% 0% 34 29 0.9 10.5 10 5 9% 0% 0% 27 27 3.4 13.3 3 3 14% 0% 0% 41 43 0.0 0.1 40 40 -100% 0% 0% 51 51 0.0 0.0 51 49 -51% 2% 3% 15 12 0.4 3.5 16 15 -11% 0% 0% 37 35 0.1 0.6 34 31 23% 2% 2% 17 13 1.4 8.8 6 7 61% 2% 2% 14 14 0.2 0.9 24 27 69% 0% 0% 38 41 0.0 0.1 41 42 43% 0% 0% 31 32 0.0 0.2 38 38 188% 1% 0% 21 26 0.0 0.1 39 43 300% 0% 0% 41 44 0.0 0.0 46 45 -8% 1% 2% 22 16 0.5 5.7 13 11 -17% 0% 0% 34 30 0.2 2.4 22 20 41% 2% 2% 13 17 0.2 0.7 26 30 49% 11% 7% 2 5 4.0 14.5 2 2 -1% 3% 4% 11 9 1.4 8.8 7 6 -50% 0% 0% 45 34 0.0 1.2 43 22 68% 2% 1% 12 20 0.1 0.3 31 35 9% 1% 0% 23 25 0.0 0.2 35 37 -1% 8% 10% 5 3 0.5 3.1 15 16 -5% 15% 15% 1 1 0.2 0.9 27 26 9% 58% 61% 0.5 2.9 27% 8% 8% 0.2 1.5 11% 66% 69% 0.5 2.6 37% 14% 11% 1.9 8.2 9% 63% 66% 0.5 3.1 63% 19% 11% 0.3 1.0 68% 0% 1% 0.1 0.4 39% 2% 1% 0.0 0.1 13% 75% 77% 0.3 1.8 4% 23% 21% 0.2 1.2 11% 1% 1% 0.2 0.8 25% 0% 0% 0.0 0.0 10%

0.2

1.4

Notes Source: Governments, UNHCR. See Notes on next page for information on applications registered with UNHCR. This table includes final data for 2003 to 2006. In the following tables, the 2006 figures are based on the monthly database. This results in some discrepancies. All figures have been rounded to the nearest 10.

12


Asylum Levels and Trends in Industrialized Countries 2007 TABLE 1. NOTES a. Country notes Australia. Figures exclude individuals who arrived off-shore and whose claims are being processed on Manus Island, Papua New Guinea or Nauru. Azerbaijan. Source: Government and UNHCR. Bosnia and Herzegovina. UNHCR figures in 2003-2004; Government figures since 2005. Canada. Sources: Immigration and Refugee Board (2003); Citizenship and Immigration Canada (2004-2007). Croatia. In addition, UNHCR registered applications for refugee status in 2003 (73), 2004 (47) and 2005 (7). Cyprus. In addition, UNHCR registered asylum applications in 2003 (626), 2004 (74), 2005 (25) and 2006 (12). France. Includes asylum applications of minors. Germany. The delay of registering people as well as changes in the registration procedures result in discrepancies between the cumulative total of monthly asylum claims and the total number of asylum claims in Germany. As such, Table 1 reflects the total number of asylum claims (28,910 in 2005, 21,030 in 2006 and 19,160 in 2007) whereas all other tables in this report reflect the monthly totals (20,610 in 2006 and 18,530 in 2007). Montenegro. Prior to 2005, data for Montenegro is included in the Serbian data. Source: UNHCR. Netherlands. Data prior to 2007 include a significant number of repeat applications. The 2007 figure is thus not comparable to previous years. Russian Federation. The 2007 figure refers to January-November only. Serbia. 2003-2004 refers to Serbia (including Kosovo) and Montenegro. 2005-2007 refers to Serbia, including Kosovo. Source: UNHCR. Spain. Includes applications lodged at Spanish embassies. TfYR Macedonia. 2003: includes 2,278 persons, mainly from Kosovo, with Temporary Humanitarian Assistance Status who applied for asylum. Turkey. Source: UNHCR. United States. Figures include (1) statistics from the Department of Homeland Security (DHS), based on the number of cases and multiplied by 1.4 to reflect the number of individuals; and (2) the number of new ("defensive") requests lodged with the Executive Office for Immigration Review (EOIR), based on the number of individuals.

b. Regional classification EU-"old" (15). Austria, Belgium, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Portugal, Spain, Sweden and UK. EU-"new" (12). Bulgaria, Cyprus, Czech Rep., Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Poland, Romania, Slovak Republic and Slovenia. EU-Total (27). EU-"old" and EU-"new". Nordic countries (5). Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway and Sweden. Western Europe (19). EU-"old" plus Iceland, Norway, Liechtenstein and Switzerland. Southern Europe (8). Albania, Cyprus, Greece, Italy, Malta, Portugal, Spain and Turkey. Former Yugoslavia (6). Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Montenegro, Serbia, Slovenia and TfYR Macedonia. Former USSR (10). Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Estonia, Georgia, Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Russian Federation and Ukraine. Total Europe (42). All European countries listed. Source for national population: United Nations, Population Division, "World Population Prospects: The 2006 Revision", New York, 2007.

13


Asylum Levels and Trends in Industrialized Countries 2007 Table 2. Origin of asylum applications lodged in 43 industrialized countries, 2006 and 2007 Covering 43 countries which provided monthly data to UNHCR (excluding Italy). 23

Origin Iraq China Russian Federation Serbia* Pakistan Somalia Islamic Rep. of Iran Afghanistan Mexico Turkey Haiti Sri Lanka Eritrea Nigeria Colombia Bangladesh India Dem. Rep. of the Congo Syrian Arab Rep. Armenia Georgia El Salvador Zimbabwe Ethiopia Algeria Guinea Sudan Stateless Lebanon Viet Nam C么te d'Ivoire Cameroon Guatemala Moldova Azerbaijan Ukraine Mongolia Albania Belarus Romania Other Total

2006 22,908 18,400 15,734 15,744 7,620 8,007 10,649 8,657 6,760 8,702 7,041 5,754 6,376 6,303 6,150 6,441 5,379 5,554 3,745 4,171 3,617 3,147 3,088 3,179 3,009 2,525 3,057 2,240 2,746 2,064 2,469 2,493 1,952 2,572 2,550 2,149 1,951 1,918 1,927 1,934 49,261 279,943

2007 45,247 17,141 18,781 15,366 14,262 11,487 8,627 9,309 9,545 6,814 6,619 7,548 6,896 6,659 6,561 5,735 4,961 4,711 5,504 3,925 4,023 3,528 3,051 2,719 2,818 2,893 2,029 2,725 2,199 2,606 2,127 2,046 2,433 1,766 1,493 1,490 1,682 1,697 1,345 1,008 45,481 306,857

Total 68,155 35,541 34,515 31,110 21,882 19,494 19,276 17,966 16,305 15,516 13,660 13,302 13,272 12,962 12,711 12,176 10,340 10,265 9,249 8,096 7,640 6,675 6,139 5,898 5,827 5,418 5,086 4,965 4,945 4,670 4,596 4,539 4,385 4,338 4,043 3,639 3,633 3,615 3,272 2,942 94,742 579,815

* Statistics for Serbia prior to 2007 refer to Serbia and Montenegro.

14

Annual change 98% -7% 19% -2% 87% 43% -19% 8% 41% -22% -6% 31% 8% 6% 7% -11% -8% -15% 47% -6% 11% 12% -1% -14% -6% 15% -34% 22% -20% 26% -14% -18% 25% -31% -41% -31% -14% -12% -30% -48% -8% 10%

Share 2006 2007 8.2 14.7 6.6 5.6 5.6 6.1 5.6 5.0 2.7 4.6 2.9 3.7 3.8 2.8 3.1 3.0 2.4 3.1 3.1 2.2 2.5 2.2 2.1 2.5 2.3 2.2 2.3 2.2 2.2 2.1 2.3 1.9 1.9 1.6 2.0 1.5 1.3 1.8 1.5 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.0 1.1 0.9 1.1 0.9 0.9 0.9 1.1 0.7 0.8 0.9 1.0 0.7 0.7 0.8 0.9 0.7 0.9 0.7 0.7 0.8 0.9 0.6 0.9 0.5 0.8 0.5 0.7 0.5 0.7 0.6 0.7 0.4 0.7 0.3 17.6 14.8 100.0 100.0

Rank 2006 2007 1 1 2 3 4 2 3 4 9 5 8 6 5 9 7 8 11 7 6 12 10 14 16 10 13 11 14 13 15 15 12 16 18 18 17 19 20 17 19 21 21 20 23 22 24 23 22 27 26 25 30 24 25 33 33 26 27 30 35 28 32 31 31 32 36 29 28 34 29 37 34 38 37 36 40 35 39 39 38 40


Asylum Levels and Trends in Industrialized Countries 2007 Table 3. Origin of asylum applications lodged in Europe, 2006 and 2007 Covering 37 European countries which provided monthly data to UNHCR (excluding Italy).

Origin Iraq Russian Federation Serbia* Pakistan Somalia Islamic Rep. of Iran Afghanistan Turkey Eritrea China Bangladesh Nigeria Sri Lanka Dem. Rep. of the Congo Syrian Arab Rep. Georgia Armenia India Colombia Algeria Zimbabwe Stateless Sudan Viet Nam Guinea Moldova Lebanon Azerbaijan C么te d'Ivoire Mongolia Cameroon Ethiopia Belarus Ukraine Bosnia and Herzegovina Angola Haiti Romania Congo Occupied Palestinian Territory Other Total

2006 21,950 14,718 15,373 6,406 7,588 9,886 8,330 8,192 5,956 6,016 6,043 5,425 4,289 5,035 3,608 3,465 3,718 3,629 2,957 2,909 2,324 2,107 2,842 1,884 1,953 2,476 2,175 2,466 2,111 1,790 1,729 1,684 1,604 1,594 1,625 1,552 1,853 1,604 1,231 800 27,157 210,054

2007 43,967 17,773 14,927 13,314 11,035 7,973 8,902 6,491 6,424 5,933 5,385 5,605 5,960 4,255 5,369 3,922 3,601 3,336 2,758 2,710 2,529 2,619 1,808 2,464 2,224 1,618 1,753 1,436 1,723 1,500 1,343 1,333 1,098 1,021 985 1,057 687 824 1,162 1,497 23,415 233,736

Total 65,917 32,491 30,300 19,720 18,623 17,859 17,232 14,683 12,380 11,949 11,428 11,030 10,249 9,290 8,977 7,387 7,319 6,965 5,715 5,619 4,853 4,726 4,650 4,348 4,177 4,094 3,928 3,902 3,834 3,290 3,072 3,017 2,702 2,615 2,610 2,609 2,540 2,428 2,393 2,297 50,572 443,790

* Statistics for Serbia prior to 2007 refer to Serbia and Montenegro.

15

Annual change 100% 21% -3% 108% 45% -19% 7% -21% 8% -1% -11% 3% 39% -15% 49% 13% -3% -8% -7% -7% 9% 24% -36% 31% 14% -35% -19% -42% -18% -16% -22% -21% -32% -36% -39% -32% -63% -49% -6% 87% -14% 11%

Share 2006 2007 10.4 18.8 7.0 7.6 7.3 6.4 3.0 5.7 3.6 4.7 4.7 3.4 4.0 3.8 3.9 2.8 2.8 2.7 2.9 2.5 2.9 2.3 2.6 2.4 2.0 2.5 2.4 1.8 1.7 2.3 1.6 1.7 1.8 1.5 1.7 1.4 1.4 1.2 1.4 1.2 1.1 1.1 1.0 1.1 1.4 0.8 0.9 1.1 0.9 1.0 1.2 0.7 1.0 0.7 1.2 0.6 1.0 0.7 0.9 0.6 0.8 0.6 0.8 0.6 0.8 0.5 0.8 0.4 0.8 0.4 0.7 0.5 0.9 0.3 0.8 0.4 0.6 0.5 0.4 0.6 12.9 10.0 100.0 100.0

Rank 2006 2007 1 1 3 2 2 3 8 4 7 5 4 7 5 6 6 8 11 9 10 11 9 13 12 12 14 10 13 15 17 14 18 16 15 17 16 18 19 19 20 20 24 22 27 21 21 25 29 23 28 24 22 28 25 26 23 31 26 27 31 29 32 32 33 33 35 35 37 37 34 38 38 36 30 40 35 39 39 34 40 30


Asylum Levels and Trends in Industrialized Countries 2007 Table 4. Origin of asylum applications lodged in the European Union (26), 2006 and 2007 Covering 26 European Union countries which provided monthly data to UNHCR (no data for Italy).

Origin Iraq Russian Federation Serbia* Pakistan Somalia Afghanistan Turkey Islamic Rep. of Iran Bangladesh China Nigeria Sri Lanka Dem. Rep. of the Congo Syrian Arab Rep. Eritrea Armenia Georgia India Colombia Algeria Zimbabwe Viet Nam Sudan Moldova Guinea Stateless Azerbaijan Lebanon C么te d'Ivoire Mongolia Cameroon Belarus Ukraine Haiti Angola Congo Bosnia and Herzegovina Albania Occupied Palestinian Territory Ethiopia Other Total

2006 19,375 13,721 13,662 6,284 5,996 7,612 7,427 7,065 5,967 5,450 5,153 3,794 4,764 3,390 4,382 3,578 3,164 3,557 2,909 2,704 2,280 1,838 2,590 2,417 1,857 1,816 2,392 2,047 1,915 1,550 1,544 1,513 1,549 1,850 1,445 1,195 1,320 1,054 720 1,226 25,226 189,298

2007 38,286 16,698 12,668 13,193 9,327 7,653 5,817 5,812 5,339 5,621 5,174 5,046 3,962 5,003 3,928 3,547 3,704 3,219 2,709 2,548 2,494 2,412 1,626 1,574 2,082 2,032 1,384 1,644 1,551 1,379 1,199 1,042 990 685 973 1,139 831 1,053 1,338 785 20,744 208,211

Total 57,661 30,419 26,330 19,477 15,323 15,265 13,244 12,877 11,306 11,071 10,327 8,840 8,726 8,393 8,310 7,125 6,868 6,776 5,618 5,252 4,774 4,250 4,216 3,991 3,939 3,848 3,776 3,691 3,466 2,929 2,743 2,555 2,539 2,535 2,418 2,334 2,151 2,107 2,058 2,011 45,970 397,509

* Statistics for Serbia prior to 2007 refer to Serbia and Montenegro.

16

Annual change 98% 22% -7% 110% 56% 1% -22% -18% -11% 3% 0% 33% -17% 48% -10% -1% 17% -10% -7% -6% 9% 31% -37% -35% 12% 12% -42% -20% -19% -11% -22% -31% -36% -63% -33% -5% -37% 0% 86% -36% -18% 10%

Share 2006 2007 10.2 18.4 7.2 8.0 7.2 6.1 3.3 6.3 3.2 4.5 4.0 3.7 3.9 2.8 3.7 2.8 3.2 2.6 2.9 2.7 2.7 2.5 2.0 2.4 2.5 1.9 1.8 2.4 2.3 1.9 1.9 1.7 1.7 1.8 1.9 1.5 1.5 1.3 1.4 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.0 1.2 1.4 0.8 1.3 0.8 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.3 0.7 1.1 0.8 1.0 0.7 0.8 0.7 0.8 0.6 0.8 0.5 0.8 0.5 1.0 0.3 0.8 0.5 0.6 0.5 0.7 0.4 0.6 0.5 0.4 0.6 0.6 0.4 13.3 10.0 100.0 100.0

Rank 2006 2007 1 1 2 2 3 4 7 3 8 5 4 6 5 7 6 8 9 10 10 9 11 11 14 12 12 14 17 13 13 15 15 17 18 16 16 18 19 19 20 20 24 21 29 22 21 26 22 27 27 23 30 24 23 29 25 25 26 28 31 30 33 32 34 35 32 36 28 40 35 37 38 33 36 38 39 34 40 31 37 39


Asylum Levels and Trends in Industrialized Countries 2007 Table 5. Annual asylum applications lodged in industrialized countries by origin, 2006 Covering 29 major asylum countries which provided monthly data to UNHCR. Values between 1 and 4 have been replaced with an asterisk. See Annex I for country codes used. Origin Iraq China Russian Fed. Serbia** Islamic Rep. of Iran Afghanistan Turkey Somalia Pakistan Haiti Mexico Bangladesh Eritrea Nigeria Colombia Sri Lanka DR of Congo India Armenia Syrian Arab Rep. Georgia Ethiopia El Salvador Zimbabwe Sudan Algeria Lebanon Azerbaijan Moldova Guinea Other Total

AUL 187 1,031 14 5

AUS 380 212 2,441 2,522

BEL 695 155 1,582 778

BUL 67 10 14 5

CAN 190 1,501 299 113

CYP 132 174 104 *

CZE 80 114 170 27

DEN 507 34 61 246

FIN 227 8 168 283

FRA 116 1,214 2,251 3,042

GBR 1,305 1,970 155 110

GFR 2,065 431 1,038 3,133

GRE 1,415 97 68 6

HUN 68 275 63 384

IRE 215 139 61 27

77 22 22 6 90

274 699 668 183 110 140 * 421 * 46 47 479 350

631 365 380 124 160 * 46 20 71 12 62 843 79 381

25 277 10 * 5 7 9 * * 58

237 229 267 200 578 698 4,913 116 136 664 1,373 856 431 852 60

305 9 87 268 310 * 15 389 13 253 27

* * 66 21 42

87 96 41 91 5

130 82 2,752 52 392 1,840 607 55 432 228 2,143 2,278 110 1,680

2,675 2,650 550 2,155 1,805 * 485 2,725 940 70 600 685 735 25

609 525 1,891 147 451 * * 105 278 414 244 165 218 514 278

528 1,087 90 150 2,378 3,750 28 391 118 15 162 32

20 13 43 42 18

22 30 55 53

89 122 39 57 31 14 5 52 * 31 7 83 17

15 109 * 19 15

205 88 7 161 167 5 45 1,037 * 109 16 7

167 232 68 6 67 180 173 64 32 413 3,798 11,587

10 5

1,255 336 * * * 86 57 716 4,545

55 16 8

38 567

45 88 257 278 524 50 67 381 32 32 69 7,371 22,907

20 41 *

1,158 3,508

88 564 21 5 36 138 53 115 902 26 2,424 13,349

180 80 215 * 2,095 755 255 235 65 50 190 4,085 27,850

608 235 172 * 48 122 355 584 518 52 108 5,301 20,613

143 428 170 183 17 36 14 62 25 874 12,267

32 175 6 * * 18 * 42 5 740 2,109

25 171 30 77 308 49 15 6 110 34 1,197 4,314

Origin Iraq China Russian Fed. Serbia** Islamic Rep. of Iran Afghanistan Turkey Somalia Pakistan Haiti Mexico Bangladesh Eritrea Nigeria Colombia Sri Lanka DR of Congo India Armenia Syrian Arab Rep. Georgia Ethiopia El Salvador Zimbabwe Sudan Algeria Lebanon Azerbaijan Moldova Guinea Other Total

JPN

KOR

LUX 16 * 43 207

MTA 13 * *

NET 2,766 318 254 607

-

57 * 28 18 321 315 7 * 26 43 5 * 65 *

* 13 -

* 28 * -

27 * 149 12 15 10 * 27 * * -

5 5 8 16 27 14 -

14 * * 670 954

21 152 278

31 8 * 7 * 6 15 20 * * * * * 8 * 9 134 524

20 96 -

29 * 68 30 39 34 34

-

-

15 57 * * 29 13 2,035 3,016

* 5 15 24 12 * * 379 1,920

* * 25 9 19 10 * 900 2,288

21 283 66 7 452 1,125 41 928 499 858 7,001 30,685

NOR 1,002 51 548 369

POL 32 * 3,772 *

ROM 68 45 10 *

SPA 42 6 110 17

SVK 206 164 463 15

SWE 8,951 78 755 2,000

SWI 816 475 426 1,227

TUR 724 31 -

USA 544 9,781 698 252

Total 22,830 18,359 15,572 15,384

* 208 * 390 57 * -

921 932 341 1,462 117 * * 25 175 243 86 147 266 90 280

218 224 69 632 26 * 20 316 54 * 106 83 32 25

* 8 16 6 39

12 5 22 47 16

20 7 17 10 23 5 7 137 29 632 2,239 8 102 43 54

5 41 27 * 182 183 13 10 * 727 14

494 594 305 1,066 61 * 69 608 104 20 20 59 143 227

302 233 693 273 85 * 53 1,201 209 44 328 160 35 111

2,297 259 680 * 57 5 61 28 * -

388 73 68 202 518 4,490 1,830 186 278 159 1,799 206 70 563 393

10,612 8,650 8,627 7,989 7,590 7,041 6,760 6,417 6,370 6,287 6,143 5,726 5,539 5,355 4,157

* * 125 * 179 12 * 270 1,272

293 156 209 * 8 320 57 73 384 9 116 3,806 14,465

49 11 143 10 36 37 61 40 5 18 1,129 5,320

15 19 20 8 * 94 230 12 9 5 23 1,363 5,307

6 209 * * * 385 211 2,871

433 134 83 50 15 36 145 679 247 140 20 6,784 24,321

161 287 255 7 34 101 161 65 32 44 74 2,642 10,537

7 * 57

84 62 1,177 2,801 192 154 29 125 50 63 502 14,229 41,966

3,743 3,597 3,174 3,147 3,082 3,051 3,005 2,743 2,549 2,546 2,519 69,924 278,488

* * 5 9 * -

-

-

7 * 15

* 5 10 32

5 * 8 5 * *

* 16 * -

12 16 * -

* 7

6 * -

-

6 * 7

235 4,223

** Statistics refer to Serbia and Montenegro (no separate data available for both countries).

17

8 5 70 378

21 30 21

-

113 5 * * * 212 4,548


Asylum Levels and Trends in Industrialized Countries 2007 Table 6. Annual asylum applications lodged in industrialized countries by origin, 2007 Covering 29 major asylum countries which provided monthly data to UNHCR. Values between 1 and 4 have been replaced with an asterisk. See Annex I for country codes used. Origin Iraq Russian Fed. China Serbia** Pakistan Somalia Mexico Afghanistan Islamic Rep. of Iran Sri Lanka Eritrea Turkey Nigeria Haiti Colombia Bangladesh Syrian Arab Rep. India DR of Congo Georgia Armenia El Salvador Zimbabwe Guinea Algeria Stateless Ethiopia Viet Nam Guatemala Lebanon Other Grand Total

AUL 216 21 1,213 10 145 6 * 20

AUS 463 2,673 223 1,774 103 443 762

BEL 825 1,436 135 1,223 150 168 696

BUL 533 8 7 5 * * 77

CAN 293 302 1,353 133 349 238 7,057 270

CYP 200 62 214 339 12 24

CZE 49 99 38 49 22 6 21

DEN 1,069 114 41 95 17 35 138

FIN 307 172 9 143 8 81 70

FRA 144 3,222 1,288 3,110 343 47 184

GBR 2,075 125 2,185 95 1,765 1,960 2,815

GFR 4,171 752 246 1,923 293 126 329

GRE 5,474 50 36 8 9,144 174 1,556

HUN 136 51 417 911 15 99 35

IRE 285 52 259 29 185 144 * 78

84 445 21 38 17 25 66

248 37 14 651 395 * * 70

411 88 27 250 78 5 10 61

33 * 13 18 * 17

220 793 141 150 755 3,231 2,577 73

475 661 46 182 264

6 38 * 213 69 17

106 42 6 23 22 * 6

78 18 * 74 41 13

147 2,130 91 2,223 445 673 79 959

2,510 1,250 1,905 245 905 40 590

616 370 335 1,368 439 * 25 66

354 134 26 133 390 2,965

14 10 * 56 86 10

85 12 113 6 1,028 24

10 349 * * * 94 * 13 32 34 75 1,026 3,971

164 385 37 399 405 * 26 109 191 10 9 5 63 2,217 11,879

199 53 716 156 339 5 526 176 5 80 13 * 138 3,144 11,115

15 * * 64 * 6 80 * * 12 63 975

68 641 351 59 25 337 214 91 77 180 13 212 221 7,918 28,342

1,752 294 5 352 24 5 * 39 63 1,772 6,789

31 19 24 45 37 * 13 65 * 100 910 1,878

71 56 * 6 * * * 16 6 * 6 17 315 2,226

8 11 35 6 5 * * 25 6 18 * 297 1,434

45 63 2,126 177 1,924 14 946 965 201 48 26 48 7,490 29,158

190 600 440 60 25 5 2,300 125 295 30 90 185 5 85 5,005 27,905

604 412 173 183 207 * 40 126 371 28 152 991 580 3,604 18,533

1,311 261 * 1,559 40 48 19 102 76 1,252 25,113

48 8 * 131 5 * 6 48 8 5 862 5 446 3,419

7 24 149 174 15 87 14 47 * 20 10 * 1,130 3,985

Origin Iraq Russian Fed. China Serbia** Pakistan Somalia Mexico Afghanistan Islamic Rep. of Iran Sri Lanka Eritrea Turkey Nigeria Haiti Colombia Bangladesh Syrian Arab Rep. India DR of Congo Georgia Armenia El Salvador Zimbabwe Guinea Algeria Stateless Ethiopia Viet Nam Guatemala Lebanon Other Grand Total

JPN

KOR

* 585 *

NET 2,004 81 243 24 22 1,874 143

NOR 1,227 863 40 592 43 187 * 234

POL 29 6,536 20 * 31 9 9

ROM 243 * 26 183 7 28 *

SPA 1,564 82 8 9 22 152 * 15

SVK 132 307 96 7 650 9 66

SWE 18,559 788 121 2,601 61 3,349 5 609

SWI 935 195 251 989 44 395 * 307

TUR 3,471 * 16 12 1,124 705

USA 734 676 8,572 294 420 202 2,472 101

Total 45,164 18,694 17,103 14,451 14,219 11,456 9,543 9,284

339 * 38 -

187 104 153 103 179 15 5

222 238 789 49 108 * * 12

* 62 * 10 22 * 23

6 5 40 * * 9

26 32 24 18 674 * 2,437 37

* 20 9 9 108

485 27 878 290 136 12 87

232 618 1,662 621 310 * 48 31

1,687 50 45 6 *

303 217 310 68 176 2,701 1,199 159

8,577 7,509 6,889 6,768 6,642 6,618 6,476 5,708

* 14 * * * * 73 * 307 1,379

36 80 15 66 97 5 14 102 28 70 42 8 * 18 1,383 7,102

49 83 54 * 6 9 16 27 515 241 19 5 58 837 6,528

* 41 * 14 22 7 6 10 * 44 201 7,116

10 15 * * * 5 * * * 61 659

31 177 131 13 77 19 6 81 243 11 11 * 12 6 1,539 7,463

39 619 * 134 28 * * 58 * 340 2,643

440 90 66 204 217 58 13 32 152 1,312 113 52 * 523 4,924 36,207

290 25 157 199 47 26 102 132 245 33 * 48 2,440 10,387

21 76 24 * 54 * 344 7,642

55 625 82 42 297 3,102 206 574 26 162 1,140 90 2,185 150 11,687 39,027

5,499 4,934 4,690 3,989 3,914 3,529 3,041 2,880 2,810 2,722 2,706 2,601 2,431 2,198 61,787 304,832

* 5 15 * 22 12

* * 29 * *

LUX 14 13 * 240 * *

17 41 64 5 * 10

* 67 100 24

16 * 7 -

-

* * 10 * * 465 717

-

* 10 * * 28 * 570 816

* * * 8 11 * 102 426

MTA 5 -

** Data for Serbia might include Montenegro in a few cases where no separate statistics are available for both countries.

18


Asylum Levels and Trends in Industrialized Countries 2007

Table 7. Quarterly asylum applications lodged in 43 industrialized countries, 2006-2007 Covering 43 countries which provided monthly data to UNHCR. Asylum country Albania Australia Austria Belgium Bosnia and H. Bulgaria Canada Croatia Cyprus Czech Rep. Denmark Estonia Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Iceland Ireland Japan Latvia Liechtenstein Lithuania Luxembourg Malta Montenegro Netherlands New Zealand Norway Poland Portugal Republic of Korea Romania Serbia Slovakia Slovenia Spain Sweden Switzerland TfYR Macedonia Turkey United Kingdom United States EU-"Old" (14) EU-"New" (12) EU-Total-2 (26) Nordic countries (5) Western Europe (18) Southern Europe (7) Total Europe (37) Canada/USA Australia/New Zealand Japan/Rep. of Korea Total

2006 Q1

Q2

Q3

Q4

5 816 3,399 2,960 28 171 5,288 37 1,182 760 566 2 568 9,300 5,888 1,536 434 7 1,156 238 4 7 24 98 291 5,171 78 1,310 801 41 42 81 3 379 97 1,153 5,013 2,453 7 796 7,530 12,899 44,379 4,226 48,605 7,464 48,156 5,004 52,437 18,187 894 280 71,798

7 912 2,937 2,558 9 151 4,794 20 904 750 388 1 537 7,147 4,698 1,895 565 9 972 285 24 26 103 369 3,839 69 1,075 871 15 53 95 7 641 111 1,351 3,846 2,322 4 1,052 6,380 13,348 36,666 4,484 41,150 5,855 40,096 5,593 44,760 18,142 981 338 64,221

4 926 3,355 2,696 18 85 6,601 18 960 911 454 1 652 6,672 4,920 1,982 612 8 1,067 260 1 11 55 171 302 5 2,962 76 1,516 1,354 44 79 78 22 898 198 1,194 6,620 2,704 7 1,427 7,105 12,627 39,894 5,455 45,349 9,250 44,133 5,913 50,159 19,228 1,002 339 70,728

5 854 3,658 3,373 13 160 6,224 19 1,499 595 512 9 531 7,566 5,107 6,854 498 14 1,119 171 3 5 56 152 310 12 2,493 53 1,419 1,197 28 104 124 12 953 112 1,609 8,842 3,058 4 1,273 6,835 13,007 48,679 5,516 54,195 11,318 53,175 11,578 59,170 19,231 907 275 79,583

Q1 12 912 3,060 2,802 5 231 5,890 31 1,651 464 604 1 308 7,656 4,430 7,446 509 10 1,065 163 4 4 47 101 257 2 1,660 67 1,215 717 67 167 87 6 670 62 2,333 9,228 3,019 4 1,202 6,750 13,486 47,510 4,700 52,210 11,365 51,758 12,968 56,796 19,376 979 330 77,481

Notes See notes Table 1. Italy is not included due to lack of data.

19

2007 Q2 Q3 11 3 1,039 1,022 2,648 2,944 2,728 2,565 454 55 209 232 5,490 7,587 35 51 1,649 1,381 382 471 377 719 5 1 296 451 7,037 6,774 3,791 5,172 7,148 5,456 696 770 7 17 911 970 206 201 9 19 10 10 21 15 97 124 140 405 1,373 1,845 48 60 1,233 1,927 659 1,526 76 37 154 122 115 278 6 22 822 769 121 140 1,849 1,440 8,393 9,423 2,353 2,270 10 7 2,019 2,476 5,920 7,090 13,525 10,752 42,644 45,010 4,828 6,007 47,472 51,017 10,306 12,537 46,247 49,234 12,892 11,198 52,560 56,830 19,015 18,339 1,087 1,082 360 323 73,022 76,574

Q4 2 998 3,227 3,020 58 303 9,375 78 2,108 561 526 2 379 7,691 5,140 5,063 1,444 8 1,039 246 2 8 33 104 577 2,224 73 2,153 4,214 43 274 179 30 382 104 1,841 9,163 2,745 12 1,945 8,140 11,412 47,600 9,909 57,509 12,229 52,514 11,579 63,548 20,787 1,071 520 85,926

Quarterly change 2007 Q2-Q1 Q3-Q2 Q4-Q3 -8% -73% -33% 14% -2% -2% -13% 11% 10% -3% -6% 18% >400% -88% 5% -10% 11% 31% -7% 38% 24% 13% 46% 53% 0% -16% 53% -18% 23% 19% -38% 91% -27% >400% -80% 100% -4% 52% -16% -8% -4% 14% -14% 36% -1% -4% -24% -7% 37% 11% 88% -30% 143% -53% -14% 6% 7% 26% -2% 22% 125% 111% -89% 150% 0% -20% -55% -29% 120% -4% 28% -16% -46% 189% 42% -100% .. .. -17% 34% 21% -28% 25% 22% 1% 56% 12% -8% 132% 176% 13% -51% 16% -8% -21% 125% 32% 142% -36% 0% 267% 36% 23% -6% -50% 95% 16% -26% -21% -22% 28% -9% 12% -3% -22% -4% 21% 150% -30% 71% 68% 23% -21% -12% 20% 15% 0% -21% 6% -10% 6% 6% 3% 24% 65% -9% 7% 13% -9% 22% -2% -11% 6% 7% -1% -13% 3% -7% 8% 12% -2% -4% 13% 11% 0% -1% 9% -10% 61% -6% 5% 12%


Asylum Levels and Trends in Industrialized Countries 2007 Table 8. Origin of asylum applicants in 43 industrialized countries, 2006 Covering 43 countries which provided monthly data to UNHCR.

Origin Iraq China Serbia* Russian Federation Islamic Rep. of Iran Turkey Afghanistan Somalia Pakistan Haiti Mexico Bangladesh Eritrea Nigeria Colombia Sri Lanka Dem. Rep. of the Congo India Armenia Syrian Arab Rep. Georgia Ethiopia El Salvador Zimbabwe Sudan Algeria Lebanon Moldova Azerbaijan Guinea Cameroon C么te d'Ivoire Stateless Ukraine Viet Nam Guatemala Mongolia Bulgaria Romania Belarus Other Total

Q1 4,851 4,589 4,534 3,527 2,512 2,536 1,997 1,862 1,490 2,361 1,281 1,028 1,439 1,755 1,174 1,389 1,751 1,333 1,434 893 930 765 634 1,358 783 969 398 429 909 657 700 714 474 643 548 415 667 477 548 542 17,738 70,183

No. of applications Q2 Q3 Q4 3,888 5,784 8,385 4,440 4,787 4,584 3,485 3,716 4,009 3,492 4,441 4,274 2,393 2,783 2,961 2,047 1,965 2,154 1,915 1,952 2,793 1,740 2,237 2,168 1,479 1,683 2,968 1,944 1,462 1,274 1,524 1,980 1,975 977 1,072 3,364 1,172 1,636 2,129 1,411 1,430 1,707 1,619 1,383 1,974 1,243 1,332 1,790 1,351 1,224 1,228 1,400 1,257 1,389 978 879 880 851 881 1,120 841 960 886 736 861 817 696 809 1,008 690 566 474 839 702 733 661 642 737 279 1,260 809 590 795 758 668 538 435 642 593 633 608 587 598 563 573 619 517 630 619 493 494 519 539 505 472 439 476 622 414 412 458 520 516 421 408 436 542 532 440 413 15,493 18,293 20,629 62,629 69,188 77,943

Total 22,908 18,400 15,744 15,734 10,649 8,702 8,657 8,007 7,620 7,041 6,760 6,441 6,376 6,303 6,150 5,754 5,554 5,379 4,171 3,745 3,617 3,179 3,147 3,088 3,057 3,009 2,746 2,572 2,550 2,525 2,493 2,469 2,240 2,149 2,064 1,952 1,951 1,934 1,934 1,927 72,153 279,943

Change (%) Q2-Q1 Q3-Q2 Q4-Q3 -20% 49% 45% -3% 8% -4% -23% 7% 8% -1% 27% -4% -5% 16% 6% -19% -4% 10% -4% 2% 43% -7% 29% -3% -1% 14% 76% -18% -25% -13% 19% 30% 0% -5% 10% 214% -19% 40% 30% -20% 1% 19% 38% -15% 43% -11% 7% 34% -23% -9% 0% 5% -10% 11% -32% -10% 0% -5% 4% 27% -10% 14% -8% -4% 17% -5% 10% 16% 25% -49% -18% -16% 7% -16% 4% -32% -3% 15% -30% 352% -36% 38% 35% -5% -27% -19% -19% -2% -8% 7% -13% -3% 2% -21% 2% 8% 9% 22% -2% -23% 0% 5% -2% -6% -7% 6% 8% 31% -38% 0% 11% 9% -1% -18% -26% 7% 24% -2% -17% -6% -13% 18% 13% -11% 10% 13%

* Statistics refer to Serbia and Montenegro (no separate data available for both countries).

20

Q1 6.9 6.5 6.5 5.0 3.6 3.6 2.8 2.7 2.1 3.4 1.8 1.5 2.1 2.5 1.7 2.0 2.5 1.9 2.0 1.3 1.3 1.1 0.9 1.9 1.1 1.4 0.6 0.6 1.3 0.9 1.0 1.0 0.7 0.9 0.8 0.6 1.0 0.7 0.8 0.8 25.3 100.0

Share (%) Q2 Q3 6.2 8.4 7.1 6.9 5.6 5.4 5.6 6.4 3.8 4.0 3.3 2.8 3.1 2.8 2.8 3.2 2.4 2.4 3.1 2.1 2.4 2.9 1.6 1.5 1.9 2.4 2.3 2.1 2.6 2.0 2.0 1.9 2.2 1.8 2.2 1.8 1.6 1.3 1.4 1.3 1.3 1.4 1.2 1.2 1.1 1.2 1.1 0.8 1.3 1.0 1.1 0.9 0.4 1.8 0.9 1.1 1.1 0.8 1.0 0.9 1.0 0.8 0.9 0.8 0.8 0.9 0.8 0.7 0.9 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.6 0.8 0.7 0.7 0.6 0.8 0.6 24.7 26.4 100.0 100.0

Q4 10.8 5.9 5.1 5.5 3.8 2.8 3.6 2.8 3.8 1.6 2.5 4.3 2.7 2.2 2.5 2.3 1.6 1.8 1.1 1.4 1.1 1.0 1.3 0.6 0.9 0.9 1.0 1.0 0.6 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.7 0.6 0.8 0.6 0.5 0.7 0.5 26.5 100.0


Asylum Levels and Trends in Industrialized Countries 2007

Table 9. Origin of asylum applicants in 43 industrialized countries, 2007 Covering 43 countries which provided monthly data to UNHCR.

Origin Iraq Russian Federation China Serbia* Pakistan Somalia Mexico Afghanistan Islamic Rep. of Iran Sri Lanka Eritrea Turkey Nigeria Haiti Colombia Bangladesh Syrian Arab Rep. India Dem. Rep. of the Congo Georgia Armenia El Salvador Zimbabwe Guinea Algeria Stateless Ethiopia Viet Nam Guatemala Lebanon C么te d'Ivoire Cameroon Sudan United States Moldova Albania Mongolia Occupied Palest. Territ. Azerbaijan Ukraine Other Total

Q1 10,720 3,330 4,429 4,000 4,003 2,550 2,112 2,280 1,995 1,866 1,660 1,890 1,630 1,540 1,177 2,448 1,437 1,403 1,283 820 946 1,025 591 743 696 655 710 497 733 703 618 538 578 268 542 417 442 182 328 391 22,281 75,737

No. of applications Q2 Q3 Q4 10,693 12,050 11,784 3,284 4,230 7,937 4,194 4,094 4,424 3,765 3,787 3,814 3,365 3,916 2,978 2,403 3,228 3,306 2,318 2,565 2,550 2,265 2,178 2,586 1,809 2,277 2,546 1,739 1,940 2,003 1,061 1,754 2,421 1,644 1,496 1,784 1,461 1,685 1,883 1,418 1,773 1,888 1,602 1,430 2,352 1,263 927 1,097 1,426 1,117 1,524 1,284 1,217 1,057 1,261 1,037 1,130 1,295 947 961 893 966 1,120 955 747 801 648 790 1,022 696 718 736 595 720 807 610 790 741 646 670 693 636 555 918 739 430 531 490 537 469 495 524 490 473 522 513 483 467 501 239 590 787 395 524 305 354 403 523 438 415 387 283 365 775 330 403 432 380 364 355 21,624 22,211 23,405 71,259 75,309 84,552

Total 45,247 18,781 17,141 15,366 14,262 11,487 9,545 9,309 8,627 7,548 6,896 6,814 6,659 6,619 6,561 5,735 5,504 4,961 4,711 4,023 3,925 3,528 3,051 2,893 2,818 2,796 2,719 2,606 2,433 2,199 2,127 2,046 2,029 1,884 1,766 1,697 1,682 1,605 1,493 1,490 89,521 306,857

Change (%) Q2-Q1 Q3-Q2 Q4-Q3 0% 13% -2% -1% 29% 88% -5% -2% 8% -6% 1% 1% -16% 16% -24% -6% 34% 2% 10% 11% -1% -1% -4% 19% -9% 26% 12% -7% 12% 3% -36% 65% 38% -13% -9% 19% -10% 15% 12% -8% 25% 6% 36% -11% 64% -48% -27% 18% -1% -22% 36% -8% -5% -13% -2% -18% 9% 58% -27% 1% -6% 8% 16% -7% -22% 7% 10% 22% 29% -6% 3% 3% -15% 21% 12% -7% 30% -6% -9% 4% 3% 28% -13% 65% 1% -42% 23% -30% 10% -13% -20% 6% -6% -12% 10% -2% -16% -3% 7% -11% 147% 33% -27% 33% -42% -15% 14% 30% -1% -5% -7% 55% 29% 112% 1% 22% 7% -3% -4% -2% -3% 3% 5% -6% 6% 12%

Q1 14.2 4.4 5.8 5.3 5.3 3.4 2.8 3.0 2.6 2.5 2.2 2.5 2.2 2.0 1.6 3.2 1.9 1.9 1.7 1.1 1.2 1.4 0.8 1.0 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.7 1.0 0.9 0.8 0.7 0.8 0.4 0.7 0.6 0.6 0.2 0.4 0.5 29.4 100.0

* Data for Serbia might include Montenegro in a few cases where no separate statistics are available for both countries.

21

Share (%) Q2 Q3 15.0 16.0 4.6 5.6 5.9 5.4 5.3 5.0 4.7 5.2 3.4 4.3 3.3 3.4 3.2 2.9 2.5 3.0 2.4 2.6 1.5 2.3 2.3 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.0 2.4 2.2 1.9 1.8 1.2 2.0 1.5 1.8 1.6 1.8 1.4 1.8 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.0 0.9 1.0 1.0 1.0 0.8 1.0 0.9 1.0 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.7 1.0 0.6 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.6 0.3 0.8 0.6 0.7 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.4 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 30.3 29.5 100.0 100.0

Q4 13.9 9.4 5.2 4.5 3.5 3.9 3.0 3.1 3.0 2.4 2.9 2.1 2.2 2.2 2.8 1.3 1.8 1.3 1.3 1.1 1.3 0.9 1.2 0.9 1.0 0.9 0.8 1.1 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.9 0.4 0.6 0.5 0.9 0.5 0.4 27.7 100.0


Asylum Levels and Trends in Industrialized Countries 2007

Table 10. Origin of asylum applicants in Europe, 2006 Covering 37 European countries which provided monthly data to UNHCR.

Origin Iraq Serbia* Russian Federation Islamic Rep. of Iran Afghanistan Turkey Somalia Pakistan Bangladesh China Eritrea Nigeria Dem. Rep. of the Congo Sri Lanka Armenia India Syrian Arab Rep. Georgia Colombia Algeria Sudan Moldova Azerbaijan Zimbabwe Lebanon C么te d'Ivoire Stateless Guinea Viet Nam Haiti Mongolia Bulgaria Cameroon Ethiopia Bosnia and Herzegovina Belarus Romania Ukraine Angola Congo Other Total

Q1 4,636 4,431 3,303 2,316 1,921 2,420 1,741 1,162 910 1,496 1,330 1,549 1,615 1,059 1,313 901 851 899 445 953 733 401 893 1,034 341 631 450 539 496 720 627 438 531 411 582 479 461 498 461 397 11,522 53,260

No. of applications Q2 Q3 Q4 3,704 5,543 8,067 3,397 3,631 3,914 3,179 4,182 4,054 2,227 2,580 2,763 1,855 1,857 2,697 1,920 1,801 2,051 1,644 2,126 2,077 1,138 1,379 2,727 877 983 3,273 1,370 1,693 1,457 1,060 1,542 2,024 1,220 1,213 1,443 1,249 1,063 1,108 910 965 1,355 873 748 784 918 808 1,002 831 852 1,074 787 918 861 823 595 1,094 635 608 713 791 646 672 568 767 740 650 513 410 535 416 339 231 962 641 494 465 521 490 601 566 496 436 482 502 455 431 457 412 264 375 375 413 456 478 369 402 388 408 352 440 481 362 377 304 378 380 367 336 339 468 365 349 382 396 347 348 282 270 282 9,847 12,127 14,670 45,678 51,087 60,029

Change (%) Total Q2-Q1 Q3-Q2 Q4-Q3 21,950 -20% 50% 46% 15,373 -23% 7% 8% 14,718 -4% 32% -3% 9,886 -4% 16% 7% 8,330 -3% 0% 45% 8,192 -21% -6% 14% 7,588 -6% 29% -2% 6,406 -2% 21% 98% 6,043 -4% 12% 233% 6,016 -8% 24% -14% 5,956 -20% 45% 31% 5,425 -21% -1% 19% 5,035 -23% -15% 4% 4,289 -14% 6% 40% 3,718 -34% -14% 5% 3,629 2% -12% 24% 3,608 -2% 3% 26% 3,465 -12% 17% -6% 2,957 85% -28% 84% 2,909 -33% -4% 17% 2,842 8% -18% 4% 2,476 42% 35% -4% 2,466 -27% -21% -20% 2,324 -48% -22% -19% 2,175 -32% 316% -33% 2,111 -22% -6% 12% 2,107 9% 23% -6% 1,953 -8% -12% 11% 1,884 1% -9% -5% 1,853 -37% -10% -36% 1,790 -40% 0% 10% 1,741 4% 5% -23% 1,729 -24% -3% 5% 1,684 -14% 25% 9% 1,625 -38% 4% -19% 1,604 -21% 1% -3% 1,604 -27% 1% 38% 1,594 -27% -4% 9% 1,552 -14% -12% 0% 1,231 -29% -4% 4% 48,166 -15% 23% 21% 210,054 -14% 12% 18%

* Statistics refer to Serbia and Montenegro (no separate data available for both countries).

22

Q1 8.7 8.3 6.2 4.3 3.6 4.5 3.3 2.2 1.7 2.8 2.5 2.9 3.0 2.0 2.5 1.7 1.6 1.7 0.8 1.8 1.4 0.8 1.7 1.9 0.6 1.2 0.8 1.0 0.9 1.4 1.2 0.8 1.0 0.8 1.1 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.7 21.6 100.0

Share (%) Q2 Q3 8.1 10.9 7.4 7.1 7.0 8.2 4.9 5.1 4.1 3.6 4.2 3.5 3.6 4.2 2.5 2.7 1.9 1.9 3.0 3.3 2.3 3.0 2.7 2.4 2.7 2.1 2.0 1.9 1.9 1.5 2.0 1.6 1.8 1.7 1.7 1.8 1.8 1.2 1.4 1.2 1.7 1.3 1.2 1.5 1.4 1.0 1.2 0.8 0.5 1.9 1.1 0.9 1.1 1.2 1.1 0.9 1.1 0.9 1.0 0.8 0.8 0.7 1.0 0.9 0.9 0.8 0.8 0.9 0.8 0.7 0.8 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.8 0.7 0.9 0.7 0.6 0.5 21.6 23.7 100.0 100.0

Q4 13.4 6.5 6.8 4.6 4.5 3.4 3.5 4.5 5.5 2.4 3.4 2.4 1.8 2.3 1.3 1.7 1.8 1.4 1.8 1.2 1.1 1.2 0.7 0.6 1.1 0.9 0.9 0.8 0.7 0.4 0.7 0.6 0.7 0.8 0.5 0.6 0.8 0.6 0.6 0.5 24.4 100.0


Asylum Levels and Trends in Industrialized Countries 2007

Table 11. Origin of asylum applicants in Europe, 2007 Covering 37 European countries which provided monthly data to UNHCR.

Origin Iraq Russian Federation Serbia* Pakistan Somalia Afghanistan Islamic Rep. of Iran Turkey Eritrea Sri Lanka China Nigeria Bangladesh Syrian Arab Rep. Dem. Rep. of the Congo Georgia Armenia India Colombia Algeria Stateless Zimbabwe Viet Nam Guinea Sudan Lebanon C么te d'Ivoire Moldova Mongolia Occupied Palest. Territ. Azerbaijan Cameroon Ethiopia Congo Albania Belarus Angola Ukraine Bosnia and Herzegovina Rwanda Other Total

Q1 10,402 3,103 3,896 3,765 2,425 2,166 1,840 1,814 1,550 1,464 1,460 1,387 2,355 1,401 1,179 796 846 1,006 382 667 598 482 462 574 529 573 513 516 386 157 315 350 351 306 296 280 317 273 282 281 16,379 57,722

No. of applications Q2 Q3 Q4 10,392 11,701 11,472 2,939 4,026 7,705 3,654 3,699 3,678 3,140 3,704 2,705 2,313 3,123 3,174 2,168 2,077 2,491 1,666 2,103 2,364 1,576 1,410 1,691 954 1,623 2,297 1,357 1,554 1,585 1,416 1,609 1,448 1,243 1,402 1,573 1,176 843 1,011 1,400 1,089 1,479 1,162 923 991 1,265 924 937 800 900 1,055 795 878 657 876 489 1,011 574 699 770 555 728 667 532 647 868 606 513 883 532 549 569 423 414 442 394 420 366 401 409 400 361 486 255 404 369 341 262 325 753 315 389 417 307 351 335 318 331 333 296 245 315 245 265 325 242 299 277 277 230 233 254 251 243 226 253 224 189 176 229 15,996 17,132 17,451 53,609 57,857 64,548

Change (%) Total Q2-Q1 Q3-Q2 Q4-Q3 43,967 0% 13% -2% 17,773 -5% 37% 91% 14,927 -6% 1% -1% 13,314 -17% 18% -27% 11,035 -5% 35% 2% 8,902 0% -4% 20% 7,973 -9% 26% 12% 6,491 -13% -11% 20% 6,424 -38% 70% 42% 5,960 -7% 15% 2% 5,933 -3% 14% -10% 5,605 -10% 13% 12% 5,385 -50% -28% 20% 5,369 0% -22% 36% 4,255 -1% -21% 7% 3,922 59% -27% 1% 3,601 -5% 13% 17% 3,336 -21% 10% -25% 2,758 129% -44% 107% 2,710 -14% 22% 10% 2,548 -7% 31% -8% 2,529 10% 22% 34% 2,464 31% -15% 72% 2,224 -7% 3% 4% 1,808 -20% -2% 7% 1,753 -31% 7% -13% 1,723 -22% 2% -2% 1,618 -30% 35% -48% 1,500 5% -9% -8% 1,497 67% 24% 132% 1,436 0% 23% 7% 1,343 -12% 14% -5% 1,333 -9% 4% 1% 1,162 -3% -17% 29% 1,131 -17% 8% 23% 1,098 -14% 24% -7% 1,057 -13% -17% 1% 1,021 -7% -1% -3% 985 -20% 12% -11% 875 -33% -7% 30% 66,958 -2% 7% 2% 233,736 -7% 8% 12%

Q1 18.0 5.4 6.7 6.5 4.2 3.8 3.2 3.1 2.7 2.5 2.5 2.4 4.1 2.4 2.0 1.4 1.5 1.7 0.7 1.2 1.0 0.8 0.8 1.0 0.9 1.0 0.9 0.9 0.7 0.3 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 28.4 100.0

* Data for Serbia might include Montenegro in a few cases where no separate statistics are available for both countries.

23

Share (%) Q2 Q3 19.4 20.2 5.5 7.0 6.8 6.4 5.9 6.4 4.3 5.4 4.0 3.6 3.1 3.6 2.9 2.4 1.8 2.8 2.5 2.7 2.6 2.8 2.3 2.4 2.2 1.5 2.6 1.9 2.2 1.6 2.4 1.6 1.5 1.6 1.5 1.5 1.6 0.8 1.1 1.2 1.0 1.3 1.0 1.1 1.1 0.9 1.0 0.9 0.8 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.8 0.8 0.6 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.7 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.4 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.4 0.5 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.3 29.8 29.6 100.0 100.0

Q4 17.8 11.9 5.7 4.2 4.9 3.9 3.7 2.6 3.6 2.5 2.2 2.4 1.6 2.3 1.5 1.5 1.6 1.0 1.6 1.2 1.0 1.3 1.4 0.9 0.7 0.6 0.6 0.4 0.5 1.2 0.6 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.3 0.4 27.0 100.0


Asylum Levels and Trends in Industrialized Countries 2007

Table 12. Origin of asylum applicants in the European Union (26), 2006 Covering 26 European Union countries which provided monthly data to UNHCR (excluding Italy).

Origin Iraq Russian Federation Serbia* Afghanistan Turkey Islamic Rep. of Iran Pakistan Somalia Bangladesh China Nigeria Dem. Rep. of the Congo Eritrea Sri Lanka Armenia India Syrian Arab Rep. Georgia Colombia Algeria Sudan Moldova Azerbaijan Zimbabwe Lebanon C么te d'Ivoire Guinea Haiti Viet Nam Stateless Bulgaria Mongolia Ukraine Cameroon Romania Belarus Angola Bosnia and Herzegovina Ethiopia Congo Other Total

Q1 4,123 3,079 3,965 1,773 2,243 1,804 1,124 1,324 892 1,390 1,470 1,551 1,221 970 1,268 891 786 807 438 890 677 386 869 1,011 323 580 512 720 486 400 380 563 483 475 445 445 434 447 350 395 10,340 48,607

No. of applications Q2 Q3 Q4 3,234 4,871 7,147 2,940 3,884 3,818 3,014 3,198 3,485 1,707 1,675 2,457 1,723 1,622 1,839 1,435 1,634 2,192 1,110 1,346 2,704 1,262 1,652 1,758 854 968 3,253 1,266 1,458 1,336 1,172 1,144 1,367 1,201 978 1,034 927 1,177 1,057 824 844 1,156 839 706 765 904 782 980 789 798 1,017 717 835 805 809 583 1,079 588 557 669 733 594 586 556 753 722 627 496 400 525 407 337 219 896 609 454 398 483 474 401 470 455 412 263 486 447 419 438 506 472 395 449 345 306 312 369 356 336 374 345 357 367 321 313 443 359 369 340 375 316 320 296 323 254 277 297 302 274 259 267 8,797 10,865 13,282 41,149 45,347 54,195

Change (%) Total Q2-Q1 Q3-Q2 Q4-Q3 19,375 -22% 51% 47% 13,721 -5% 32% -2% 13,662 -24% 6% 9% 7,612 -4% -2% 47% 7,427 -23% -6% 13% 7,065 -20% 14% 34% 6,284 -1% 21% 101% 5,996 -5% 31% 6% 5,967 -4% 13% 236% 5,450 -9% 15% -8% 5,153 -20% -2% 19% 4,764 -23% -19% 6% 4,382 -24% 27% -10% 3,794 -15% 2% 37% 3,578 -34% -16% 8% 3,557 1% -13% 25% 3,390 0% 1% 27% 3,164 -11% 16% -4% 2,909 85% -28% 85% 2,704 -34% -5% 20% 2,590 8% -19% -1% 2,417 44% 35% -4% 2,392 -28% -21% -19% 2,280 -48% -22% -17% 2,047 -32% 309% -32% 1,915 -22% -12% 21% 1,857 -7% -15% 17% 1,850 -37% -9% -36% 1,838 0% -8% -6% 1,816 10% 16% -7% 1,569 4% 14% -23% 1,550 -46% 2% 18% 1,549 -26% -6% 11% 1,544 -27% 3% 3% 1,522 -28% -2% 42% 1,513 -19% 3% -8% 1,445 -14% -16% 1% 1,320 -34% 9% -21% 1,226 -21% 7% 2% 1,195 -31% -5% 3% 43,284 -15% 24% 22% 189,298 -15% 10% 20%

* Statistics refer to Serbia and Montenegro (no separate data available for both countries).

24

Q1 8.5 6.3 8.2 3.6 4.6 3.7 2.3 2.7 1.8 2.9 3.0 3.2 2.5 2.0 2.6 1.8 1.6 1.7 0.9 1.8 1.4 0.8 1.8 2.1 0.7 1.2 1.1 1.5 1.0 0.8 0.8 1.2 1.0 1.0 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.7 0.8 21.3 100.0

Share (%) Q2 Q3 7.9 10.7 7.1 8.6 7.3 7.1 4.1 3.7 4.2 3.6 3.5 3.6 2.7 3.0 3.1 3.6 2.1 2.1 3.1 3.2 2.8 2.5 2.9 2.2 2.3 2.6 2.0 1.9 2.0 1.6 2.2 1.7 1.9 1.8 1.7 1.8 2.0 1.3 1.4 1.2 1.8 1.3 1.4 1.7 1.5 1.1 1.3 0.9 0.5 2.0 1.1 0.9 1.2 0.9 1.1 0.9 1.2 1.0 1.1 1.1 1.0 1.0 0.7 0.7 0.9 0.7 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.7 0.9 0.8 0.9 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.6 21.4 24.0 100.0 100.0

Q4 13.2 7.0 6.4 4.5 3.4 4.0 5.0 3.2 6.0 2.5 2.5 1.9 2.0 2.1 1.4 1.8 1.9 1.5 2.0 1.2 1.1 1.3 0.7 0.6 1.1 0.9 0.9 0.5 0.8 0.9 0.6 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.8 0.6 0.6 0.5 0.6 0.5 24.5 100.0


Asylum Levels and Trends in Industrialized Countries 2007

Table 13. Origin of asylum applicants in the European Union (26), 2007 Covering 26 European Union countries which provided monthly data to UNHCR (excluding Italy).

Origin Iraq Russian Federation Pakistan Serbia* Somalia Afghanistan Turkey Islamic Rep. of Iran China Bangladesh Nigeria Sri Lanka Syrian Arab Rep. Dem. Rep. of the Congo Eritrea Georgia Armenia India Colombia Algeria Zimbabwe Viet Nam Guinea Stateless Lebanon Sudan Moldova C么te d'Ivoire Azerbaijan Mongolia Occupied Palest. Territ. Cameroon Congo Albania Belarus Ukraine Angola Rwanda Bosnia and Herzegovina Ethiopia Other Total

Q1 9,361 2,886 3,757 3,433 2,108 1,994 1,600 1,483 1,323 2,345 1,313 1,293 1,325 1,102 771 749 839 978 363 630 477 453 538 483 536 470 504 481 307 354 154 315 299 275 263 264 291 275 237 192 14,752 52,212

No. of applications Q2 Q3 Q4 8,838 9,938 10,149 2,716 3,720 7,376 3,084 3,681 2,671 2,877 3,180 3,178 2,000 2,599 2,620 1,925 1,635 2,099 1,418 1,253 1,546 1,202 1,432 1,695 1,360 1,545 1,393 1,168 835 991 1,156 1,278 1,427 1,125 1,317 1,311 1,348 1,021 1,309 1,110 862 888 655 1,120 1,382 1,209 865 881 787 887 1,034 783 845 613 864 484 998 538 655 725 520 638 859 588 502 869 493 522 529 446 579 524 371 399 338 379 376 401 349 470 251 344 372 354 293 375 409 379 340 306 245 248 691 278 305 301 293 243 304 236 236 306 228 285 266 246 242 238 257 215 210 180 166 222 198 215 181 180 220 193 13,643 14,857 15,620 47,471 51,019 57,509

Change (%) Total Q2-Q1 Q3-Q2 Q4-Q3 38,286 -6% 12% 2% 16,698 -6% 37% 98% 13,193 -18% 19% -27% 12,668 -16% 11% 0% 9,327 -5% 30% 1% 7,653 -3% -15% 28% 5,817 -11% -12% 23% 5,812 -19% 19% 18% 5,621 3% 14% -10% 5,339 -50% -29% 19% 5,174 -12% 11% 12% 5,046 -13% 17% 0% 5,003 2% -24% 28% 3,962 1% -22% 3% 3,928 -15% 71% 23% 3,704 61% -28% 2% 3,547 -6% 13% 17% 3,219 -20% 8% -27% 2,709 138% -44% 106% 2,548 -15% 22% 11% 2,494 9% 23% 35% 2,412 30% -15% 73% 2,082 -8% 6% 1% 2,032 -8% 30% -9% 1,644 -31% 8% -15% 1,626 -19% -1% 7% 1,574 -31% 35% -47% 1,551 -28% 8% -5% 1,384 -5% 28% 9% 1,379 7% -10% -10% 1,338 59% 1% 179% 1,199 -12% 10% -1% 1,139 -2% -17% 25% 1,053 -14% 0% 30% 1,042 -13% 25% -7% 990 -7% -2% -2% 973 -12% -16% -2% 843 -35% -8% 34% 831 -16% 9% -16% 785 -6% 22% -12% 58,872 -8% 9% 5% 208,211 -9% 7% 13%

Q1 17.9 5.5 7.2 6.6 4.0 3.8 3.1 2.8 2.5 4.5 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.1 1.5 1.4 1.6 1.9 0.7 1.2 0.9 0.9 1.0 0.9 1.0 0.9 1.0 0.9 0.6 0.7 0.3 0.6 0.6 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.5 0.5 0.4 28.3 100.0

* Data for Serbia might include Montenegro in a few cases where no separate statistics are available for both countries.

25

Share (%) Q2 Q3 18.6 19.5 5.7 7.3 6.5 7.2 6.1 6.2 4.2 5.1 4.1 3.2 3.0 2.5 2.5 2.8 2.9 3.0 2.5 1.6 2.4 2.5 2.4 2.6 2.8 2.0 2.3 1.7 1.4 2.2 2.5 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.6 1.7 1.8 0.9 1.1 1.3 1.1 1.3 1.2 1.0 1.0 1.0 0.9 1.1 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.7 0.7 0.9 0.7 0.7 0.6 0.7 0.8 0.7 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.4 0.4 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 28.7 29.1 100.0 100.0

Q4 17.6 12.8 4.6 5.5 4.6 3.6 2.7 2.9 2.4 1.7 2.5 2.3 2.3 1.5 2.4 1.5 1.8 1.1 1.7 1.3 1.5 1.5 0.9 0.9 0.6 0.7 0.4 0.6 0.7 0.5 1.2 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.3 0.3 27.2 100.0


Asylum Levels and Trends in Industrialized Countries 2007

Table 14. Origin of asylum applicants in Canada and the United States of America, 2006

Origin China Mexico Haiti Colombia El Salvador Guatemala Ethiopia India Honduras Indonesia Pakistan Sri Lanka Venezuela (Boliv. Rep. of) Russian Federation Nigeria Albania Cameroon Iraq Zimbabwe Nepal Cuba United States of America* Islamic Rep. of Iran Guinea Ukraine Lebanon Dem. Rep. of the Congo Burundi Armenia Egypt Eritrea Somalia Guyana Peru Serbia** Saint Vincent & the Gren. C么te d'Ivoire Turkey Uzbekistan Belarus Other Total

Q1 2,838 1,275 1,641 728 627 406 347 350 270 224 290 282 275 220 194 277 165 174 305 166 153 161 158 117 143 51 130 70 121 114 105 109 86 79 100 128 82 67 79 63 5,417 15,749

No. of applications Q2 Q3 Q4 2,787 2,785 2,872 1,521 1,973 1,974 1,487 1,050 1,010 787 786 871 674 780 998 438 470 617 371 387 329 352 368 345 277 337 390 246 381 328 302 283 221 251 243 286 261 246 217 306 251 220 179 203 247 192 160 146 194 197 186 144 186 230 152 139 120 172 184 189 178 165 176 105 187 215 142 172 153 146 157 151 126 140 134 42 268 145 100 153 118 78 216 133 105 131 96 137 108 92 112 92 105 93 111 89 105 110 95 100 91 103 87 84 94 90 76 69 68 105 90 80 108 80 77 92 86 154 60 46 5,201 5,510 5,538 15,632 16,760 16,732

Change (%) Total Q2-Q1 Q3-Q2 Q4-Q3 11,282 -2% 0% 3% 6,743 19% 30% 0% 5,188 -9% -29% -4% 3,172 8% 0% 11% 3,079 7% 16% 28% 1,931 8% 7% 31% 1,434 7% 4% -15% 1,415 1% 5% -6% 1,274 3% 22% 16% 1,179 10% 55% -14% 1,096 4% -6% -22% 1,062 -11% -3% 18% 999 -5% -6% -12% 997 39% -18% -12% 823 -8% 13% 22% 775 -31% -17% -9% 742 18% 2% -6% 734 -17% 29% 24% 716 -50% -9% -14% 711 4% 7% 3% 672 16% -7% 7% 668 -35% 78% 15% 625 -10% 21% -11% 571 25% 8% -4% 543 -12% 11% -4% 506 -18% 538% -46% 501 -23% 53% -23% 497 11% 177% -38% 453 -13% 25% -27% 451 20% -21% -15% 414 7% -18% 14% 402 -15% 19% -20% 396 22% 5% -14% 373 27% -9% 13% 365 -13% -3% 12% 363 -30% -16% -9% 345 -17% 54% -14% 335 19% 35% -26% 334 -3% 19% -7% 323 144% -61% -23% 21,666 -4% 6% 1% 64,873 -1% 7% 0%

* Refers to applications lodged in Canada. ** Statistics refer to Serbia and Montenegro (no separate data available for both countries).

26

Q1 18.0 8.1 10.4 4.6 4.0 2.6 2.2 2.2 1.7 1.4 1.8 1.8 1.7 1.4 1.2 1.8 1.0 1.1 1.9 1.1 1.0 1.0 1.0 0.7 0.9 0.3 0.8 0.4 0.8 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.8 0.5 0.4 0.5 0.4 34.4 100.0

Share (%) Q2 Q3 17.8 16.6 9.7 11.8 9.5 6.3 5.0 4.7 4.3 4.7 2.8 2.8 2.4 2.3 2.3 2.2 1.8 2.0 1.6 2.3 1.9 1.7 1.6 1.4 1.7 1.5 2.0 1.5 1.1 1.2 1.2 1.0 1.2 1.2 0.9 1.1 1.0 0.8 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.0 0.7 1.1 0.9 1.0 0.9 0.9 0.8 0.8 0.3 1.6 0.6 0.9 0.5 1.3 0.7 0.8 0.9 0.6 0.7 0.5 0.6 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.6 0.5 0.6 0.5 0.6 0.5 0.4 0.6 0.5 0.6 0.5 0.5 1.0 0.4 33.3 32.9 100.0 100.0

Q4 17.2 11.8 6.0 5.2 6.0 3.7 2.0 2.1 2.3 2.0 1.3 1.7 1.3 1.3 1.5 0.9 1.1 1.4 0.7 1.1 1.1 1.3 0.9 0.9 0.8 0.9 0.7 0.8 0.6 0.5 0.6 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.4 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.3 33.1 100.0


Asylum Levels and Trends in Industrialized Countries 2007

Table 15. Origin of asylum applicants in Canada and the United States of America, 2007

Origin China Mexico Haiti Colombia El Salvador Guatemala United States of America* Ethiopia India Honduras Indonesia Iraq Sri Lanka Russian Federation Nigeria Venezuela (Boliv. Rep. of) Pakistan Cameroon Guinea Nepal Cuba Albania Islamic Rep. of Iran Ukraine Eritrea Somalia Dem. Rep. of the Congo Serbia** Egypt Brazil Zimbabwe C么te d'Ivoire Afghanistan Lebanon Peru Saint Vincent & the Gren. Mali Nicaragua Burundi Armenia Other Total

Q1 2,688 2,108 1,295 785 1,001 721 256 351 329 337 285 257 273 214 223 213 206 186 166 160 160 119 127 115 105 121 99 100 98 117 88 104 106 107 72 97 81 84 81 100 5,259 16,706

No. of applications Q2 Q3 Q4 2,506 2,151 2,580 2,316 2,558 2,547 1,265 1,632 1,740 717 936 1,338 931 729 778 730 426 520 227 568 773 317 313 339 286 294 357 308 237 292 263 232 299 265 252 253 229 229 279 340 194 230 188 244 276 193 226 245 179 155 229 159 167 174 164 169 166 146 147 191 140 126 188 106 136 196 112 133 151 122 112 112 105 126 115 88 103 128 95 110 129 110 86 131 121 107 100 183 46 74 92 115 125 94 113 84 83 93 89 86 100 78 118 62 100 61 81 107 95 98 70 96 79 77 58 98 93 93 64 65 4,922 4,351 5,175 16,203 16,047 18,413

Change (%) Total Q2-Q1 Q3-Q2 Q4-Q3 9,925 -7% -14% 20% 9,529 10% 10% 0% 5,932 -2% 29% 7% 3,776 -9% 31% 43% 3,439 -7% -22% 7% 2,397 1% -42% 22% 1,824 -11% 150% 36% 1,320 -10% -1% 8% 1,266 -13% 3% 21% 1,174 -9% -23% 23% 1,079 -8% -12% 29% 1,027 3% -5% 0% 1,010 -16% 0% 22% 978 59% -43% 19% 931 -16% 30% 13% 877 -9% 17% 8% 769 -13% -13% 48% 686 -15% 5% 4% 665 -1% 3% -2% 644 -9% 1% 30% 614 -13% -10% 49% 557 -11% 28% 44% 523 -12% 19% 14% 461 6% -8% 0% 451 0% 20% -9% 440 -27% 17% 24% 433 -4% 16% 17% 427 10% -22% 52% 426 23% -12% -7% 420 56% -75% 61% 420 5% 25% 9% 395 -10% 20% -26% 371 -22% 12% -4% 371 -20% 16% -22% 352 64% -47% 61% 346 -37% 33% 32% 344 17% 3% -29% 336 14% -18% -3% 330 -28% 69% -5% 322 -7% -31% 2% 19,707 -6% -12% 19% 67,369 -3% -1% 15%

Q1 16.1 12.6 7.8 4.7 6.0 4.3 1.5 2.1 2.0 2.0 1.7 1.5 1.6 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.2 1.1 1.0 1.0 1.0 0.7 0.8 0.7 0.6 0.7 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.7 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.4 0.6 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.6 31.5 100.0

* Refers to applications lodged in Canada. ** Data for Serbia might include Montenegro in a few cases where no separate statistics are available for both countries.

27

Share (%) Q2 Q3 15.5 13.4 14.3 15.9 7.8 10.2 4.4 5.8 5.7 4.5 4.5 2.7 1.4 3.5 2.0 2.0 1.8 1.8 1.9 1.5 1.6 1.4 1.6 1.6 1.4 1.4 2.1 1.2 1.2 1.5 1.2 1.4 1.1 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.1 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.8 0.7 0.8 0.7 0.8 0.8 0.7 0.6 0.8 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.7 0.7 0.5 0.7 0.7 1.1 0.3 0.6 0.7 0.6 0.7 0.5 0.6 0.5 0.6 0.7 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.5 0.4 0.6 0.6 0.4 30.4 27.1 100.0 100.0

Q4 14.0 13.8 9.4 7.3 4.2 2.8 4.2 1.8 1.9 1.6 1.6 1.4 1.5 1.2 1.5 1.3 1.2 0.9 0.9 1.0 1.0 1.1 0.8 0.6 0.6 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.5 0.4 0.7 0.5 0.5 0.4 0.5 0.6 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.4 28.1 100.0


Asylum Levels and Trends in Industrialized Countries 2007

Table 16. Origin of asylum applicants in Australia and New Zealand, 2006 Figures between 1 and 4 have been replaced with an asterisk.

Origin China Sri Lanka India Indonesia Iraq Malaysia Islamic Rep. of Iran Pakistan Rep. of Korea Bangladesh Philippines Lebanon Egypt Zimbabwe Fiji Nepal Thailand Myanmar Nigeria Israel Other Total

Q1 239 46 82 100 41 31 28 32 27 22 8 6 16 19 12 10 12 8 6 5 144 894

No. of applications Q2 Q3 Q4 279 303 240 72 106 125 130 79 42 79 83 34 40 55 86 30 26 21 20 21 37 33 19 17 17 20 29 23 18 10 28 20 14 6 30 23 7 12 13 * 11 15 6 6 19 10 5 16 * 12 10 8 8 9 8 9 6 * 13 6 174 146 135 981 1,002 907

28

Change (%) Total Q2-Q1 Q3-Q2 Q4-Q3 1,061 17% 9% -21% 349 57% 47% 18% 333 59% -39% -47% 296 -21% 5% -59% 222 -2% 38% 56% 108 -3% -13% -19% 106 -29% 5% 76% 101 3% -42% -11% 93 -37% 18% 45% 73 5% -22% -44% 70 250% -29% -30% 65 0% 400% -23% 48 -56% 71% 8% 48 -84% 267% 36% 43 -50% 0% 217% 41 0% -50% 220% 38 -67% 200% -17% 33 0% 0% 13% 29 33% 13% -33% 28 -20% 225% -54% 599 21% -16% -8% 3,784 10% 2% -9%

Q1 26.7 5.1 9.2 11.2 4.6 3.5 3.1 3.6 3.0 2.5 0.9 0.7 1.8 2.1 1.3 1.1 1.3 0.9 0.7 0.6 16.1 100.0

Share (%) Q2 Q3 28.4 30.2 7.3 10.6 13.3 7.9 8.1 8.3 4.1 5.5 3.1 2.6 2.0 2.1 3.4 1.9 1.7 2.0 2.3 1.8 2.9 2.0 0.6 3.0 0.7 1.2 0.3 1.1 0.6 0.6 1.0 0.5 0.4 1.2 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.9 0.4 1.3 17.7 14.6 100.0 100.0

Q4 26.5 13.8 4.6 3.7 9.5 2.3 4.1 1.9 3.2 1.1 1.5 2.5 1.4 1.7 2.1 1.8 1.1 1.0 0.7 0.7 14.9 100.0


Asylum Levels and Trends in Industrialized Countries 2007

Table 17. Origin of asylum applicants in Australia and New Zealand, 2007 Figures between 1 and 4 have been replaced with an asterisk.

Origin China Sri Lanka India Iraq Indonesia Pakistan Malaysia Islamic Rep. of Iran Zimbabwe Bangladesh Rep. of Korea Fiji Lebanon Myanmar Nepal Egypt Turkey Viet Nam Ethiopia Philippines Other Total

Q1 268 118 67 59 48 26 26 24 21 19 11 38 23 15 14 16 9 5 * 16 152 979

No. of applications Q2 Q3 Q4 265 327 379 123 133 96 203 45 41 33 97 57 42 37 56 37 54 36 30 44 44 27 32 28 24 28 29 23 29 13 21 26 23 22 9 11 10 17 25 14 6 24 9 11 15 6 10 11 11 7 14 7 15 8 5 19 6 7 9 * 168 127 153 1,087 1,082 1,071

29

Change (%) Total Q2-Q1 Q3-Q2 Q4-Q3 1,239 -1% 23% 16% 470 4% 8% -28% 356 203% -78% -9% 246 -44% 194% -41% 183 -13% -12% 51% 153 42% 46% -33% 144 15% 47% 0% 111 13% 19% -13% 102 14% 17% 4% 84 21% 26% -55% 81 91% 24% -12% 80 -42% -59% 22% 75 -57% 70% 47% 59 -7% -57% 300% 49 -36% 22% 36% 43 -63% 67% 10% 41 22% -36% 100% 35 40% 114% -47% 34 25% 280% -68% 34 -56% 29% -78% 600 11% -24% 20% 4,219 11% 0% -1%

Q1 27.4 12.1 6.8 6.0 4.9 2.7 2.7 2.5 2.1 1.9 1.1 3.9 2.3 1.5 1.4 1.6 0.9 0.5 0.4 1.6 15.5 100.0

Share (%) Q2 Q3 24.4 30.2 11.3 12.3 18.7 4.2 3.0 9.0 3.9 3.4 3.4 5.0 2.8 4.1 2.5 3.0 2.2 2.6 2.1 2.7 1.9 2.4 2.0 0.8 0.9 1.6 1.3 0.6 0.8 1.0 0.6 0.9 1.0 0.6 0.6 1.4 0.5 1.8 0.6 0.8 15.5 11.7 100.0 100.0

Q4 35.4 9.0 3.8 5.3 5.2 3.4 4.1 2.6 2.7 1.2 2.1 1.0 2.3 2.2 1.4 1.0 1.3 0.7 0.6 0.2 14.3 100.0


Asylum Levels and Trends in Industrialized Countries 2007

Table 18. Origin of asylum applicants in Japan and the Republic of Korea, 2006 Figures between 1 and 4 have been replaced with an asterisk.

Origin Myanmar Turkey Nepal Sri Lanka China Ethiopia Islamic Rep. of Iran Nigeria Bangladesh Uganda Dem. Rep. of the Congo Pakistan C么te d'Ivoire Liberia Cameroon Kenya Egypt Ghana Sudan Afghanistan Other Total

Q1 148 43 10 * 16 * 10 6 8 * 6 6 * * * * 12 280

No. of applications Q2 Q3 Q4 200 170 120 41 49 16 33 21 25 10 18 24 * 6 15 5 21 6 * 10 8 * 5 11 9 * * * 7 8 * 8 * 6 * * * 8 * * * * * 5 * * * * * * * * * * 6 7 15 338 339 275

30

Change (%) Total Q2-Q1 Q3-Q2 Q4-Q3 638 35% -15% -29% 149 -5% 20% -67% 89 230% -36% 19% 54 400% 80% 33% 41 -75% 50% 150% 35 67% 320% -71% 32 -60% 150% -20% 26 -33% 25% 120% 23 13% -67% 0% 22 33% 75% 14% 18 -67% 300% -75% 17 0% -67% 50% 11 .. .. 167% 8 -67% 300% -100% 7 0% 100% 50% 7 .. -100% .. * .. -50% 0% * -100% .. 100% * -100% .. .. * .. 0% 0% 40 -50% 17% 114% 1,232 21% 0% -19%

Q1 52.9 15.4 3.6 0.7 5.7 1.1 3.6 2.1 2.9 1.1 2.1 2.1 1.1 0.4 0.4 0.7 4.3 100.0

Share (%) Q2 Q3 59.2 50.1 12.1 14.5 9.8 6.2 3.0 5.3 1.2 1.8 1.5 6.2 1.2 2.9 1.2 1.5 2.7 0.9 1.2 2.1 0.6 2.4 1.8 0.6 0.9 0.3 1.2 0.3 0.6 1.5 0.6 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 1.8 2.1 100.0 100.0

Q4 43.6 5.8 9.1 8.7 5.5 2.2 2.9 4.0 1.1 2.9 0.7 1.1 2.9 1.1 0.7 0.4 0.7 0.7 0.4 5.5 100.0


Asylum Levels and Trends in Industrialized Countries 2007

Table 19. Origin of asylum applicants in Japan and the Republic of Korea, 2007 Figures between 1 and 4 have been replaced with an asterisk.

Origin Myanmar Nepal Sri Lanka Nigeria Ghana Turkey Uganda China Bangladesh Ethiopia Pakistan Dem. Rep. of the Congo Islamic Rep. of Iran Liberia Afghanistan Cameroon C么te d'Ivoire South Africa Russian Federation Iraq Other Total

Q1 105 107 11 17 18 8 13 6 * 6 5 * * * * 5 * 14 330

No. of applications Q2 Q3 Q4 * 126 130 119 98 29 45 30 24 43 24 35 29 6 63 14 17 15 9 5 31 7 7 17 * 14 10 6 7 15 9 * 8 * * 7 * 9 * * * 11 * 6 6 * * * 6 * * * 6 * * * 8 11 91 360 323 520

* The country of origin breakdown in December is not available for Japan.

31

Change (%) Total Q2-Q1 Q3-Q2 Q4-Q3 480 20% 3% -8% 279 -8% -70% 55% 108 173% -20% 79% 105 41% 46% -17% 69 .. .. 950% 64 -22% 21% -12% 53 13% -44% 520% 44 -46% 0% 143% 34 -33% 250% -29% 32 50% 17% 114% 26 50% -67% 167% 20 -20% 0% 75% 20 0% 125% -67% 17 .. 0% 267% 13 33% 50% -100% 12 500% -50% -33% 9 -100% .. 200% 9 -80% 100% -50% 8 .. .. -67% 7 50% -100% .. 124 -43% 38% 727% 1,533 9% -10% 61%

Q1 31.8 32.4 3.3 5.2 5.5 2.4 3.9 1.8 1.2 1.8 1.5 1.2 0.9 0.3 0.3 1.5 0.6 4.2 100.0

Share (%) Q2 Q3 35.0 40.2 27.2 9.0 8.3 7.4 6.7 10.8 1.9 3.9 5.3 2.5 1.5 1.9 2.2 1.1 4.3 1.7 2.2 2.5 0.9 1.1 1.2 1.1 2.8 0.8 0.9 1.1 1.9 1.7 0.9 0.6 0.3 0.6 1.9 0.8 2.2 3.4 100.0 100.0

Q4 22.9 8.7 8.3 5.6 12.1 2.9 6.0 3.3 1.9 2.9 1.5 1.3 0.6 2.1 0.4 1.2 0.2 0.4 0.4 17.5 100.0


Asylum Levels and Trends in Industrialized Countries 2007

Table 20. Asylum applications lodged in 43 industrialized countries by origin, fourth quarter 2007 Covering 29 major asylum countries which provided monthly data to UNHCR. Values between 1 and 4 have been replaced with an asterisk. See Annex I for country codes used. Origin Iraq Russian Fed. China Somalia Pakistan Afghanistan Mexico Serbia** Islamic Rep. of Iran Eritrea Colombia Sri Lanka Haiti Nigeria Turkey Syrian Arab Rep. DR of Congo Armenia Bangladesh India Zimbabwe Georgia Viet Nam Algeria El Salvador United States Occupied Palest. Territ. Stateless Guinea Ethiopia Other Total

AUL 46 377 * 36 * *

AUS 124 1,016 49 118 12 249 405

BEL 218 455 32 40 35 142 283

24 9 * 85 5 13

69 8 14 108 140

111 9 5 30 17 59

* *

55 5 94 22 63 87 * 37 54 7 * 488 3,227

Origin Iraq Russian Fed. China Somalia Pakistan Afghanistan Mexico Serbia** Islamic Rep. of Iran Eritrea Colombia Sri Lanka Haiti Nigeria Turkey Syrian Arab Rep. DR of Congo Armenia Bangladesh India Zimbabwe Georgia Viet Nam Algeria El Salvador United States Occupied Palest. Territ. Stateless Guinea Ethiopia Other Total

JPN -

11 39 26 8 * * 8 6 283 998

KOR

BUL 221 * 15 *

CAN 93 85 362 68 115 64 2,025 50

CYP 58 18 76 6 84 5 -

7

* 6

64 48 1,091 236 1,295 233 37

122 169 127 18

60 167 99 23 20 * 51 6 56 -

* 15 * * * -

19 109 8 14 182 78 12 * 27 104 773

* * 133 24 942 3,020

13 10 303

LUX *

* 7 5 * * 5 * 15 -

10 * 38 28 -

* -

5 -

* * * * * * 13 183 246

7 * * 178 274

CZE 8 18 14 * 9 18

DEN 166 69 24 10 8 41 21

FIN 107 22 6 27 * 23 37

FRA 37 1,200 190 15 102 70 718

GBR 815 25 515 470 475 745 15

GFR 1,607 142 41 27 68 97 465

GRE 991 9 12 33 1,766 460 *

HUN 38 5 198 71 5 26 325

IRE 81 8 78 25 43 22 * 9

*

22 * 6 17

48 26 31 559 145 87 538

790 675 5 305 230 65

168 86 * 116 * 98 341

78 * 31 126 18

* *

20 169

40 * 13 5 *

* 34 17

26 27 * 301 *

322 * * 56 86 105 20 * -

* * 11 7 * 8 21 * -

30 * * 9 * * * 6 -

* 16 * * * * 6 -

9 438 588 295 11 * 29 8 256 *

50 105 10 150 190 810 5 55 65 5

218 48 62 * 97 10 45 239 120 * -

357 13 364 37 391 * -

22 * * * * * 31 456 15 -

* 34 * 8 * 20 38 * 8 *

13 33 62 2,073 9,375

580 * 248 2,108

17 222 561

11 * 55 526

* 72 379

11 55 235 14 1,973 7,691

10 25 25 1,495 8,130

* 24 41 968 5,140

24 12 333 5,063

35 * * 148 1,444

11 * 10 276 1,039

325 -

NET 936 18 60 478 * 30 7

NOR 354 276 6 59 11 101 194

* 4,045 * 6 * -

ROM 103 12 * * *

SPA 16 15 * 15 * * * *

SVK 32 77 31 * 44 12 -

SWE 4,583 213 40 936 14 146 741

SWI 227 47 48 163 9 88 -

TUR 721 * * 332 * 202 -

USA 160 145 2,218 60 114 25 522 81

Total 11,749 7,918 4,418 3,287 2,965 2,581 2,549 3,436

181 5 -

40 59 6 18 30 35

76 343 82 30 10

22 * *

*

13 11 936 7 183 10

-

* 6

148 289 * 12 39 84

51 567 13 184 * 114 133

530 5 5 * -

87 67 247 43 445 43 27

2,530 2,417 2,342 1,991 1,887 1,881 1,779

*

11 7 37 * 17 12 * * *

10 14 10 40 * 9 10 *

* * 10 * 8 * 27 * -

17 40 14 7 14 * * 93 * -

18 * 12 35 34 8 * -

127 17 70 24 11 7 29 14 40 19 *

151 62 21 9 * 7 49 5 34 -

7 27 * -

23 20 57 49 175 47 12 24 8 674 -

1,519 1,125 1,121 1,093 1,053 1,021 948 910 805 801 787

15 46 5 345 2,224

143 6 86 279 2,153

* * * * 68 4,214

32 16 * 378 1,841

* *

354 8 37 1,158 9,163

34 46 678 2,745

62 * 45 1,945

5 46 133 277 3,204 9,038

775 723 732 687 16,269 84,099

-

MTA * 6 *

51 7 * * -

*

*

5 30 104

* * 11 49 577

5

POL

* * * 12 * * 9 * * * 7 * 14 179

* -

64 382

** Data for Serbia might include Montenegro in a few cases where no separate statistics are available for both countries.

32

-

-


Asylum Levels and Trends in Industrialized Countries 2007 Table 21. Top-10 nationalities of asylum applicants by country of asylum, 2006 Covering 43 countries which provided monthly asylum data to UNHCR. An asterisk (*) indicates that the value is between 1 and 4. Albania China TfYR Macedonia India Serbia Algeria Bangladesh Egypt Turkey Uzbekistan

8 * * * * * * * *

Bulgaria Afghanistan Iraq Armenia Iran (Islamic Rep.) Russian Fed. Stateless China Syrian Arab Rep. Turkey Lebanon

277 67 58 25 14 12 10 10 10 9

Denmark Iraq Serbia** Afghanistan Iran (Islamic Rep.) India Occ. Palest. Terr. Russian Fed. Somalia Syrian Arab Rep. Nigeria

507 246 122 89 83 68 61 57 55 52

Greece Bangladesh Pakistan Iraq Afghanistan Iran (Islamic Rep.) Georgia Nigeria Sudan Ethiopia India

3,750 2,378 1,415 1,087 528 428 391 183 170 162

Latvia Russian Fed. Afghanistan Georgia Belarus Kyrgyzstan

* * * * *

Montenegro Serbia Iran (Islamic Rep.) Albania Bosnia and H.

14 * * *

Australia China Sri Lanka India Indonesia Iraq Malaysia Rep. of Korea Pakistan Iran (Islamic Rep.) Philippines

1,031 321 315 296 187 108 93 90 77 70

Austria Serbia Russian Fed. Moldova Afghanistan Turkey Georgia Mongolia India Nigeria Iraq

2,515 2,441 902 699 668 564 541 479 421 380

Belgium Russian Fed. DR of Congo Serbia** Iraq Iran (Islamic Rep.) Guinea Armenia Turkey Rwanda Afghanistan

1,582 843 778 695 631 413 381 380 370 365

Bosnia and H. Serbia** Croatia Moldova Poland Romania Slovenia China Germany Iraq Jordan

51 * * * * * * * * *

Canada Mexico China Colombia Sri Lanka India Haiti United States Nigeria Pakistan Zimbabwe

4,913 1,501 1,373 856 852 698 667 664 578 524

Croatia Occ. Palest. Terr. Serbia** Pakistan Russian Fed. Iraq Armenia Moldova Bosnia and H. Nigeria Turkey

27 18 8 7 5 * * * * *

Cyprus Syrian Arab Rep. Sri Lanka Georgia Bangladesh Iran (Islamic Rep.) Pakistan India China Ukraine Iraq

1,255 389 336 310 305 268 253 174 144 132

Czech Rep. Ukraine Egypt Kazakhstan Belarus Russian Fed. Viet Nam China Stateless Nigeria Mongolia

571 422 236 175 170 124 114 101 96 95

Estonia Russian Fed. Nigeria Turkey Cameroon TfYR Macedonia Unknown

6 * * * * *

Finland Bulgaria Serbia** Iraq Russian Fed. Belarus Afghanistan Somalia Iran (Islamic Rep.) Nigeria Turkey

445 283 227 168 99 96 91 87 68 41

France Serbia** Turkey DR of Congo Russian Fed. Sri Lanka Haiti Armenia China Algeria Azerbaijan

3,042 2,752 2,278 2,251 2,143 1,840 1,680 1,214 1,125 928

Germany Serbia** Iraq Turkey Russian Fed. Viet Nam Iran (Islamic Rep.) Syrian Arab Rep. Lebanon Afghanistan Azerbaijan

Hungary Viet Nam Serbia** China Georgia Nigeria Iraq Russian Fed. Mongolia Turkey Somalia

406 384 275 175 109 68 63 46 43 42

Iceland Romania Russian Fed. Afghanistan Belarus Georgia Iran (Islamic Rep.) Israel Serbia** Albania Algeria

9 6 * * * * * * * *

Ireland Nigeria Sudan Romania Iraq Iran (Islamic Rep.) Georgia Pakistan Somalia China Moldova

1,037 308 289 215 205 171 167 161 139 110

Japan Myanmar Turkey Iran (Islamic Rep.) Sri Lanka Bangladesh Ethiopia China Pakistan Nepal Nigeria

626 149 27 27 15 14 13 12 11 10

Liechtenstein Russian Fed. Somalia Serbia** Kazakhstan Belarus Kyrgyzstan Iran (Islamic Rep.) Stateless Iraq Mongolia

10 7 7 6 * * * * * *

Lithuania Russian Fed. Belarus Uzbekistan Ghana Pakistan Georgia Stateless Iraq Afghanistan Bangladesh

Malta Eritrea Somalia Sudan Ethiopia Niger Nigeria Togo C么te d'Ivoire Ghana Stateless

390 208 179 125 75 57 44 40 30 16

Netherlands Iraq Somalia Afghanistan Iran (Islamic Rep.) Serbia** Burundi Azerbaijan Turkey Sudan China

2,766 1,462 932 921 607 455 384 341 320 318

111 7 6 6 * * * * * *

New Zealand Iraq China Iran (Islamic Rep.) Sri Lanka India Bangladesh Czech Rep. Pakistan Somalia Fiji

** Statistics refer to Serbia and Montenegro (no separate data available for both countries).

33

35 30 29 28 18 16 12 11 11 10

Luxembourg Serbia** Russian Fed. Iran (Islamic Rep.) DR of Congo Albania Ukraine Bosnia and H. Iraq Nigeria Occ. Palest. Terr. Norway Iraq Somalia Russian Fed. Serbia** Eritrea Stateless Afghanistan Iran (Islamic Rep.) Ethiopia Burundi

207 43 31 20 20 19 17 16 15 10

1,002 632 548 369 316 237 224 218 143 126

Poland Russian Fed. Belarus Ukraine Pakistan Armenia Iraq Cameroon Viet Nam Georgia Turkey

3,133 2,065 1,891 1,038 985 609 608 584 525 518

3,772 55 45 39 32 32 23 22 16 16


Asylum Levels and Trends in Industrialized Countries 2007

Table 21. Top-10 nationalities of asylum applicants by country of asylum, 2006 (continued) Covering 43 countries which provided monthly asylum data to UNHCR. An asterisk (*) indicates that the value is between 1 and 4. Portugal DR of Congo Israel Russian Fed. Nigeria Nepal Angola C么te d'Ivoire Colombia Guinea Belarus

15 9 7 6 6 6 6 6 6 5

Slovenia Serbia** Turkey Bosnia and H. Albania TfYR Macedonia Georgia Moldova Kazakhstan Occ. Palest. Terr. Russian Fed.

243 62 44 32 26 13 13 12 11 7

Turkey Iran (Islamic Rep.) Iraq Somalia Afghanistan Sudan Sri Lanka Eritrea Ethiopia Occ. Palest. Terr. Mauritania

2,297 724 680 259 113 61 57 57 51 43

Rep. of Korea Nepal China Sri Lanka Ethiopia Uganda Nigeria DR of Congo Myanmar C么te d'Ivoire Bangladesh

78 28 27 21 20 16 14 12 11 8

Romania Iraq Somalia China Turkey Pakistan Georgia Occ. Palest. Terr. Iran (Islamic Rep.) Syrian Arab Rep. Russian Fed.

68 47 45 22 16 16 13 12 12 10

Spain Colombia Nigeria Morocco C么te d'Ivoire Algeria Bangladesh Stateless Russian Fed. DR of Congo Sudan

2,239 632 281 236 230 137 117 110 102 94

Sweden Iraq Serbia** Somalia Stateless Russian Fed. Bolivia Lebanon Bulgaria Eritrea Afghanistan

8,951 2,000 1,066 815 755 747 679 639 608 594

United Kingdom Eritrea Iran (Islamic Rep.) Afghanistan Somalia Zimbabwe China Pakistan Iraq Nigeria Sudan

2,725 2,675 2,650 2,155 2,095 1,970 1,805 1,305 940 755

United States*** China 9,781 Haiti 4,490 El Salvador 2,801 Mexico 1,830 Colombia 1,799 Guatemala 1,758 Ethiopia 1,177 Indonesia 1,110 Honduras 1,094 Venezuela (Boliv. Rep. of)903

** Statistics refer to Serbia and Montenegro (no separate data available for both countries). *** Combination of cases (DHS) and persons (EOIR).

34

Serbia (excl. Kosovo) Iraq 25 Moldova * Egypt * Ethiopia * Cuba * India * Ghana * Occ. Palest. Terr. * Nigeria *

Slovakia India Russian Fed. Moldova Georgia Iraq Bangladesh Pakistan China Viet Nam Occ. Palest. Terr.

Switzerland Serbia** Eritrea Iraq Turkey China Russian Fed. Sri Lanka Iran (Islamic Rep.) Georgia Somalia

TfYR Macedonia Serbia** Albania

1,227 1,201 816 693 475 426 328 302 287 273

727 463 385 209 206 183 182 164 63 56

21 *


Asylum Levels and Trends in Industrialized Countries 2007 Table 22. Top-10 nationalities of asylum applicants by country of asylum, 2007 Covering 43 countries which provided monthly asylum data to UNHCR. An asterisk (*) indicates that the value is between 1 and 4. Albania Serbia Nepal Czech Rep. Nigeria India Afghanistan

10 9 * * * *

Bulgaria Iraq Stateless Afghanistan Armenia Iran (Islamic Rep.) Nigeria Bangladesh Syrian Arab Rep. Sudan Turkey

533 80 77 64 33 18 17 15 13 13

Denmark Iraq Afghanistan Russian Fed. Iran (Islamic Rep.) Serbia** Syrian Arab Rep. India Occ. Palest. Terr. Sri Lanka China

1,069 138 114 106 95 71 56 53 42 41

Greece Pakistan Iraq Bangladesh Georgia Afghanistan Syrian Arab Rep. Nigeria Iran (Islamic Rep.) India Senegal

9,144 5,474 2,965 1,559 1,556 1,311 390 354 261 219

Latvia Bangladesh Armenia Azerbaijan Russian Fed. Iraq Kenya Mongolia Cuba Turkey Nigeria

6 * * * * * * * * *

Montenegro Albania TfYR Macedonia

* *

Australia China Sri Lanka India Iraq Indonesia Pakistan Malaysia Zimbabwe Iran (Islamic Rep.) Rep. of Korea

1,213 445 349 216 183 145 137 94 84 80

Austria Russian Fed. Serbia Afghanistan Turkey Moldova Iraq Somalia Armenia Georgia Nigeria

2,673 1,762 762 651 545 463 443 405 399 395

Belgium Russian Fed. Serbia** Iraq DR of Congo Afghanistan Guinea Iran (Islamic Rep.) Slovakia Armenia Rwanda

1,436 1,223 825 716 696 526 411 364 339 321

Bosnia and H. Serbia China Sri Lanka Montenegro Iran (Islamic Rep.) Pakistan Bangladesh Brazil Lithuania Syrian Arab Rep.

555 * * * * * * * * *

Canada Mexico Haiti Colombia United States China Sri Lanka Nigeria India DR of Congo Pakistan

7,057 3,231 2,577 1,824 1,353 793 755 641 351 349

Croatia Serbia Pakistan Iran (Islamic Rep.) Albania TfYR Macedonia Bosnia and H. Iraq Georgia Russian Fed. Sri Lanka

86 15 15 13 10 9 6 6 * *

Cyprus Syrian Arab Rep. Occ. Palest. Terr. Sri Lanka Iran (Islamic Rep.) Georgia Pakistan India Bangladesh China Iraq

1,752 1,018 661 475 352 339 294 264 214 200

Czech Rep. Ukraine Turkey Mongolia Belarus Viet Nam Russian Fed. Cuba Nigeria Stateless Kyrgyzstan

293 213 159 130 100 99 94 69 65 63

Estonia Belarus Russian Fed. Sri Lanka

5 * *

Finland Iraq Russian Fed. Serbia** Somalia Iran (Islamic Rep.) Turkey Afghanistan Belarus Nigeria DR of Congo

307 172 143 81 78 74 70 47 41 35

France Russian Fed. Serbia** Turkey Sri Lanka DR of Congo Armenia China Algeria Bangladesh Guinea

3,222 3,110 2,223 2,130 2,126 1,924 1,288 965 959 946

Germany Iraq Serbia** Turkey Viet Nam Russian Fed. Iran (Islamic Rep.) Syrian Arab Rep. Lebanon Nigeria India

4,171 1,923 1,368 991 752 616 604 580 439 412

Hungary Serbia** Viet Nam China Iraq Georgia Somalia Nigeria Mongolia Turkey Occ. Palest. Terr.

911 862 417 136 131 99 86 79 56 52

Iceland Russian Fed. Syrian Arab Rep. Albania Belarus Sri Lanka Lebanon Malaysia Serbia China Iraq

5 5 5 * * * * * * *

Ireland Nigeria Iraq China Pakistan Georgia Sudan DR of Congo Somalia Moldova Eritrea

1,028 285 259 185 174 157 149 144 133 113

Japan*** Myanmar Turkey Sri Lanka Ethiopia Pakistan Iran (Islamic Rep.) China Afghanistan DR of Congo Cameroon

458 64 41 28 22 17 15 12 10 10

Lithuania Russian Fed. Georgia Belarus Viet Nam Armenia Morocco Uzbekistan China Cuba Kazakhstan

53 13 7 6 5 * * * * *

Luxembourg Serbia Bosnia and H. Iran (Islamic Rep.) Albania Iraq Russian Fed. Algeria Belarus Guinea Nigeria

Malta Somalia Eritrea C么te d'Ivoire Sudan Ethiopia Mali Nigeria Niger Ghana DR of Congo

585 339 77 76 73 46 38 25 15 14

New Zealand Iraq Iran (Islamic Rep.) China Sri Lanka Bangladesh Fiji Pakistan Zimbabwe Hungary India

30 27 26 25 18 10 8 8 8 7

Norway Iraq Russian Fed. Eritrea Serbia Stateless Ethiopia Sri Lanka Afghanistan Iran (Islamic Rep.) Somalia

Liechtenstein Russian Fed. Iraq DR of Congo Serbia Georgia Somalia Israel Poland Occ. Palest. Terr. Iran (Islamic Rep.)

6 * * * * * * * * *

Netherlands Iraq Somalia China Iran (Islamic Rep.) Nigeria Eritrea Afghanistan Sierra Leone Burundi C么te d'Ivoire

2,004 1,874 243 187 179 153 143 130 129 110

** Data for Serbia might include Montenegro in a few cases where no separate statistics are available for both countries. *** The origin of asylum-seekers applying in December 2007 is not yet available.

35

225 24 16 16 14 13 11 8 8 7

1,227 863 789 585 515 241 238 234 222 187

Poland Russian Fed. Belarus Sri Lanka Viet Nam India Pakistan Iraq Ukraine Bangladesh Armenia

6,536 63 62 44 41 31 29 29 23 22


Asylum Levels and Trends in Industrialized Countries 2007

Table 22. Top-10 nationalities of asylum applicants by country of asylum, 2007 (continued) Covering 43 countries which provided monthly asylum data to UNHCR. An asterisk (*) indicates that the value is between 1 and 4. Portugal Colombia Somalia Bosnia and H. Guinea DR of Congo Afghanistan Russian Fed. Sri Lanka India Algeria

86 21 16 14 11 7 6 6 5 5

Slovenia Serbia Turkey Bosnia and H. Albania TfYR Macedonia Afghanistan Pakistan Russian Fed. India Iraq

234 39 22 21 20 12 11 9 * *

Turkey Iraq Iran (Islamic Rep.) Somalia Afghanistan Occ. Palest. Terr. DR of Congo Sudan Ethiopia Sri Lanka Eritrea

3,471 1,687 1,124 705 157 76 76 54 50 45

Rep. of Korea Nepal Nigeria Ghana Sri Lanka Uganda China Bangladesh Myanmar Liberia DR of Congo

275 100 68 67 50 29 24 22 15 10

Romania Iraq Serbia Turkey Somalia China Moldova India Syrian Arab Rep. Bangladesh Occ. Palest. Terr.

243 183 40 28 26 16 15 10 9 9

Spain Colombia Iraq Nigeria C么te d'Ivoire Morocco Algeria India Somalia DR of Congo Sudan

2,437 1,564 674 313 258 243 177 152 131 88

Sweden Iraq Somalia Serbia** Stateless Eritrea Russian Fed. Afghanistan Bolivia Lebanon Mongolia

18,559 3,349 2,601 1,312 878 788 609 567 523 519

United Kingdom Afghanistan Iran (Islamic Rep.) Zimbabwe China Iraq Somalia Eritrea Pakistan Sri Lanka Nigeria

2,815 2,510 2,300 2,185 2,075 1,960 1,905 1,765 1,250 905

United States**** China 8,572 El Salvador 3,102 Haiti 2,701 Mexico 2,472 Guatemala 2,185 Colombia 1,199 Ethiopia 1,140 Indonesia 1,018 Honduras 933 Iraq 734

Serbia (excl. Kosovo) Iraq 35 Georgia 9 Ethiopia 6 TfYR Macedonia 5 Pakistan * Cuba * Iran (Islamic Rep.) * Tunisia * Senegal *

Slovakia Pakistan India Russian Fed. Moldova Georgia Iraq Bangladesh China Afghanistan Viet Nam

Switzerland Eritrea Serbia Iraq Turkey Sri Lanka Romania Somalia Nigeria Afghanistan Syrian Arab Rep.

TfYR Macedonia Serbia India Iraq Bulgaria DR of Congo Occ. Palest. Terr.

** Data for Serbia might include Montenegro in a few cases where no separate statistics are available for both countries. **** Combination of cases (DHS) and persons (EOIR).

36

1,662 953 935 621 618 538 395 310 307 290

650 619 307 208 134 132 108 96 66 58

22 5 * * * *


Asylum Levels and Trends in Industrialized Countries 2007 Table 23. Monthly asylum applications lodged in 43 industrialized countries, 2007 Covering 43 countries which provided monthly data to UNHCR.

Country Albania Australia Austria Belgium Bosnia and H. Bulgaria Canada Croatia Cyprus Czech Rep. Denmark Estonia Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Iceland Ireland Japan Latvia Liechtenstein Lithuania Luxembourg Malta Montenegro Netherlands New Zealand Norway Poland Portugal Rep. of Korea Romania Serbia Slovakia Slovenia Spain Sweden Switzerland TfYR Macedonia Turkey United Kingdom United States EU-"Old" (14) EU-"New" (12) EU-Total (26) Nordic countries (5) Western Europe (18) Southern Europe (7) Total Europe (37) Canada/USA Australia/New Z. Japan/Rep. of Korea Total

Jan. 271 1,079 934 1 90 2,026 9 419 153 226 155 2,334 1,663 2,407 197 5 385 63 1 23 50 93 2 614 18 461 232 8 66 33 1 220 29 707 3,362 1,122 1 311 2,360 4,426 16,284 1,489 17,773 4,209 17,873 3,945 19,687 6,452 289 129 26,557

Feb.

Mar.

Apr.

May

Jun.

8 303 1,008 787 1 49 1,905 11 703 130 186 68 2,617 1,299 2,298 149 3 333 45 1 3 14 30 96 503 24 373 246 9 57 18 4 218 16 824 2,897 969 1 315 2,145 4,225 15,004 1,640 16,644 3,527 16,352 4,253 18,332 6,130 327 102 24,891

4 338 973 1,081 3 92 1,959 11 529 181 192 1 85 2,705 1,468 2,741 163 2 347 55 3 10 21 68 543 25 381 239 50 44 36 1 232 17 802 2,969 928 2 576 2,245 4,835 16,222 1,571 17,793 3,629 17,533 4,770 19,701 6,794 363 99 26,957

4 400 861 908 1 37 1,769 2 813 130 123 2 93 2,417 1,203 2,850 165 277 51 4 5 7 37 46 506 17 386 185 52 75 41 5 327 36 745 2,894 716 546 1,845 4,254 14,811 1,793 16,604 3,496 15,918 5,056 18,269 6,023 417 126 24,835

6 382 859 995 7 57 1,943 10 489 114 121 3 89 2,366 1,347 2,099 240 3 318 97 4 1 8 18 37 392 17 369 225 14 45 29 1 280 35 580 2,705 949 4 718 2,150 5,035 14,053 1,521 15,574 3,287 15,375 3,943 17,642 6,978 399 142 25,161

1 257 928 825 446 115 1,778 23 347 138 133 114 2,254 1,241 2,199 291 4 316 58 1 4 6 42 57 475 14 478 249 10 34 45 215 50 524 2,794 688 6 755 1,920 4,236 13,775 1,514 15,289 3,523 14,949 3,893 17,694 6,014 271 92 24,071

Notes See notes in Table 1.

37

Jul. 311 970 822 38 81 2,122 18 521 148 297 153 2,520 1,483 1,803 269 7 358 62 3 2 4 31 130 456 17 492 246 9 42 111 5 229 48 536 2,919 820 2 808 2,180 3,484 14,537 1,790 16,327 3,868 15,858 3,807 18,519 5,606 328 104 24,557

Aug.

Sep.

1 365 988 856 10 86 2,612 12 498 172 250 1 155 2,135 1,918 1,535 273 6 294 76 5 4 3 48 140 664 30 743 476 11 40 127 17 325 40 452 3,350 733 5 840 2,350 3,774 15,006 2,146 17,152 4,504 16,492 3,477 19,523 6,386 395 116 26,420

2 346 986 887 7 65 2,853 21 362 151 172 143 2,119 1,771 2,118 228 4 318 63 11 4 8 45 135 725 13 692 804 17 40 40 215 52 452 3,154 717 828 2,560 3,494 15,467 2,071 17,538 4,165 16,884 3,914 19,813 6,347 359 103 26,622

Oct. 335 1,081 1,094 42 125 3,407 25 703 142 192 1 133 3,017 1,922 1,764 395 2 356 74 5 4 48 210 850 39 678 792 20 81 45 7 216 35 669 3,472 1,064 781 2,915 4,105 17,533 2,668 20,201 4,477 19,282 4,147 22,805 7,512 374 155 30,846

Nov.

Dec.

1 340 926 990 12 97 3,409 28 566 216 137 1 116 2,211 1,953 1,852 444 3 343 96 1 2 8 22 233 788 12 641 1,147 7 97 82 11 115 32 726 2,842 932 5 736 2,840 3,837 15,753 2,942 18,695 3,739 17,331 4,121 21,066 7,246 352 193 28,857

1 323 1,220 936 4 81 2,559 25 839 203 197 130 2,463 1,265 1,447 605 3 340 76 1 1 21 34 134 586 22 834 2,275 16 96 52 12 51 37 446 2,849 749 7 428 2,390 3,470 14,319 4,299 18,618 4,013 15,906 3,311 20,682 6,029 345 172 27,228

Change Nov-Dec 0% -5% 32% -5% -67% -16% -25% -11% 48% -6% 44% -100% 12% 11% -35% -22% 36% 0% -1% -21% 0% -50% 163% 55% -42% .. -26% 83% 30% 98% 129% -1% -37% 9% -56% 16% -39% 0% -20% 40% -42% -16% -10% -9% 46% 0% 7% -8% -20% -2% -17% -2% -11% -6%


Asylum Levels and Trends in Industrialized Countries 2007 Annex I. UNHCR country/territory codes (for administrative purposes only) Code AFG ALB ALG AND ANG ANT ARE ARG ARM AUL AUS AZE BAH BAR BDI BEL BEN BGD BHS BHU BKF BLR BOL BOT BRA BRU BSN BUL BZE CAM CAN CAR CHD CHI CHL CMR COB COD COI COL COS CUB CVI CYP CZE DEN DJB DMA DOM ECU EGU ERT EST ETH FIJ FIN FPO FRA GAB GAM GAZ GBR GEO GFR GHA GNB

Country/territory name Afghanistan Albania Algeria Andorra Angola Antigua and Barbuda Egypt Argentina Armenia Australia Austria Azerbaijan Bahrain Barbados Burundi Belgium Benin Bangladesh Bahamas Bhutan Burkina Faso Belarus Bolivia Botswana Brazil Brunei Darussalam Bosnia and Herzegovina Bulgaria Belize Cambodia Canada Central African Republic Chad China Chile Cameroon Congo Dem. Rep. of the Congo Comoros Colombia Costa Rica Cuba Cape Verde Cyprus Czech Republic Denmark Djibouti Dominica Dominican Republic Ecuador Equatorial Guinea Eritrea Estonia Ethiopia Fiji Finland French Polynesia France Gabon Gambia Occupied Palestinian Territory United Kingdom Georgia Germany Ghana Guinea-Bissau

Code GRE GRN GUA GUI GUY HAI HKG HON HRV HUN ICE ICO IND INS IRE IRN IRQ ISR ITA JAM JOR JPN KAZ KEN KGZ KIR KOR KRN KUW LAO LBR LBY LCA LEB LES LIE LKA LTU LUX LVA MAC MAD MAU MCD MCO MDA MDV MEX MLI MLS MLW MNG MNE MOR MOZ MTA MTS MYA NAM NEP NET NGR NIC NIG NOR VAR

Country/territory name Greece Grenada Guatemala Guinea Guyana Haiti Hong Kong SAR, China Honduras Croatia Hungary Iceland C么te d'Ivoire India Indonesia Ireland Islamic Rep. of Iran Iraq Israel Italy Jamaica Jordan Japan Kazakhstan Kenya Kyrgyzstan Kiribati Rep. of Korea Dem. People's Rep. of Korea Kuwait Lao People's Dem. Rep. Liberia Libyan Arab Jamahiriya Saint Lucia Lebanon Lesotho Liechtenstein Sri Lanka Lithuania Luxembourg Latvia Macau SAR, China Madagascar Mauritania TfYR of Macedonia Monaco Moldova Maldives (the) Mexico Mali Malaysia Malawi Mongolia Montenegro Morocco Mozambique Malta Mauritius Myanmar Namibia Nepal Netherlands Niger Nicaragua Nigeria Norway Various

38

Code NRU NZL OMN PAK PAN PAR PER PHI PLW PNG POL POR PUE QAT ROM RSA RUS RWA SAL SAU SEN SEY SIN SLE SMA SOL SOM SPA SRB SRV STK STP SUD SUR SVK SVN SWA SWE SWI SYR TAN THA TJK TKM TMP TOG TON TRT TUN TUR TUV UAE UGA UKR URU USA UZB VAN VCT VEN WES WSH YEM ZAM ZIM STA

Country/territory name Nauru New Zealand Oman Pakistan Panama Paraguay Peru Philippines Palau Papua New Guinea Poland Portugal Puerto Rico Qatar Romania South Africa Russian Federation Rwanda El Salvador Saudi Arabia Senegal Seychelles Singapore Sierra Leone San Marino Solomon Islands Somalia Spain Serbia Viet Nam Saint Kitts and Nevis Sao Tome and Principe Sudan Suriname Slovakia Slovenia Swaziland Sweden Switzerland Syrian Arab Republic United Rep. of Tanzania Thailand Tajikistan Turkmenistan Timor-Leste Togo Tonga Trinidad and Tobago Tunisia Turkey Tuvalu United Arab Emirates Uganda Ukraine Uruguay United States Uzbekistan Vanuatu Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Venezuela (Boliv. Rep. of) Samoa Western Sahara Yemen Zambia Zimbabwe Stateless


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