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ASYLUM LEVELS AND TRENDS IN INDUSTRIALIZED COUNTRIES FIRST HALF 2008 Statistical Overview of Asylum Applications Lodged in 38 European and 6 Non-European Countries

17 OCTOBER 2008


Asylum Levels and Trends in Industrialized Countries, First Half 2008

I. Introduction1 This report summarizes the main levels and developments in the number of individual asylum claims submitted in Europe and selected non-European countries during the first six months of 2008. It covers the 38 European and 6 non-European States that currently provide monthly asylum statistics to UNHCR. The numbers in this report reflect applications made at the first instance of asylum procedures. Applications at appeal instance are not included. This report does not include information on the outcome of asylum claims or on the admission of refugees through resettlement programmes, which is available in other UNHCR reports.2 The group of countries included in this report is collectively referred to as the “44 industrialized countries” and has been defined for the purpose of this report only. The 44 countries are: 27 Member States of the European Union and Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Iceland, Liechtenstein, Montenegro, Norway, Serbia, Switzerland, The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia and Turkey, as well as Australia, Canada, Japan, New Zealand, the Republic of Korea and the United States of America. UNHCR’s data collection of monthly asylum statistics has expanded in the course of 2007 with Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Montenegro, Serbia3, the Republic of Korea, Turkey and The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia being included. In view of the introduction of improved statistical reporting systems, Italy has been added in 2008, making it the 44th country to participate in UNHCR’s asylum data monitoring system. In order to ensure comparability over time, UNHCR’s database has been updated retroactively by incorporating monthly asylum statistics for the first six new countries since at least 2005. Monthly data for Italy, however, is available only from 2008. As a result of this expansion, previous UNHCR reports analysing monthly asylum trends may differ from the current one in terms of scope and data availability, and are thus not necessarily comparable. To the extent possible, the statistics presented in this document reflect the number of asylumseekers lodging an application for the first time. However, it appears that a significant number of countries included in this report cannot distinguish new asylum applications from reopened or repeat claims in their statistical systems. As a consequence, some of the numbers reported to UNHCR are likely to include repeat applications, and therefore do not necessarily reflect the actual number of new asylum-seekers. Moreover, although asylum-seekers are counted only once in each country, the regional numbers are proportionately higher because some individuals seek asylum in more than one country. The data in this report is based on information available as at 9 October 2008, unless otherwise indicated. All figures based on monthly statistics should be considered as provisional and subject to change. Due to retroactive changes and adjustments, some of the data included in this publication may differ slightly from those reported in previous UNHCR documents, or from the official annual figures published by States. This is the case, for instance, for Germany (see the notes in Table 1 for more information). All of the data in this document refer to the number of individuals, with the exception of the United States of America and Belgium. Only the number of cases (which can include several 1

This report has been prepared by the Field Information and Coordination Support Section (FICSS), Division of Operational Services at UNHCR Headquarters in Geneva. Any questions concerning this document should be addressed to FICSS at stats@unhcr.org. For other UNHCR statistics, visit UNHCR’s Statistical Online Population Database at http://www.unhcr.org/statistics/populationdatabase. 2 See UNHCR’s 2007 Global Trends report (issued June 2008). 3 The monthly asylum data for Serbia excludes Kosovo.

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Asylum Levels and Trends in Industrialized Countries, First Half 2008

individuals) is available for applications submitted to the Department of Homeland Security (DHS). UNHCR has therefore multiplied the total number of asylum cases by a factor of 1.4 to estimate the number of individuals, as historical data suggest that, on average, one case equals 1.4 individuals. Applications submitted to the Executive Office of Immigration Review (EOIR), however, are recorded as individuals. Owing to the large variation in family size by nationality, the analysis by country of origin in the United States of America is based on a combination of the number of cases (DHS) and the number of individuals (EOIR). In the case of Belgium, accompanying dependents are not included in the figures.

II. Overview of regional trends 4 Monthly asylum statistics for Italy are available only from January 2008. This poses difficulties when analysing trends in the 44 industrialized countries over time. As a consequence, all asylum trends provided in this section exclude Italy. The latter is, however, included when data for 2008 only is referred to. The number of asylum claims submitted in industrialized countries in 2007 rose by 9 per cent compared to 2006. This upward trend has continued during the first half of 2008 with data showing an increase of 3 per cent compared to the first half of 2007. Overall, an estimated 165,100 asylum claims were submitted in the 44 industrialized countries during the first half of 2008. An analysis of semester trends of monthly asylum data available to UNHCR (1999-2008) shows a relatively clear seasonal pattern. Every year, with the exception of 2004, the number of asylum applications submitted during the first semester was lower than during the second semester. Assuming that current patterns remain unchanged, it may be expected that the number of asylum claims lodged in the 44 industrialized countries during the whole of 2008 could be between 330,000 and 360,000. In other words, the number of asylum claims lodged during 2008 might go up by some 10 per cent, when compared to 2007. In the 38 European countries included in this report, close to 120,000 new asylum applications were submitted during the first six months of 2008, accounting for 73 per cent of all claims lodged in the 44 industrialized countries.

Asylum claims lodged in selected regions by semester st

Europe

nd

st

nd

st

st

1 2006* 2 2006* 1 2007* 2 2007* 1 2008* 1 2008** 99,300 111,400 111,500 122,300 112,800 120,000

- EU-total

89,800

99,500

99,700

108,200

96,300

103,500

- EU-old

81,000

88,600

90,200

92,300

86,700

93,900

- EU-new

8,700

11,000

9,500

15,900

9,700

9,700

USA/Canada Japan/ Rep. of Korea Australia/ New Zealand

36,300

38,500

38,400

39,500

42,200

42,200

620

610

690

840

840

840

1,900

1,900

2,100

2,200

2,100

2,100

The 27 countries of the 138,120 152,410 152,690 164,840 157,940 165,140 European Union (EU) Total * All figures exclude Italy. ** All figures include Italy. registered 103,500 new asylum See notes in Table 1 for list of countries included. applications during the first six months of 2008. Excluding Italy, where no pre-2008 monthly data is available, the EU-26 recorded more than 96,300 new claims during the first semester of 2008, 11 per cent less than during the second half of 2007, and 3 per cent less compared to the first half of 2007. With 6,600 asylum claims registered during the first half of 2008, countries in Central Europe witnessed a 12 per cent increase compared to the corresponding period of 2007. The 2008 figure, however, was 43 per cent below the one registered during the second half of 2007. 4

See notes in Table 1 for a list of countries included under each regional grouping.

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Asylum Levels and Trends in Industrialized Countries, First Half 2008

Southern Europe experienced a significant decrease in asylum applications in the first six months of 2008 compared to the last half of 2007 (-10%), and in particular compared to the corresponding period of 2007 (-20%).5 This decrease, however, was not uniform across the region. In Malta, for instance, the number of asylum claims lodged during the first six months of the year in fact tripled compared to the first half of 2007 while in Turkey they went up by 50 per cent. It is important to note that the 2007 figures in Southern Europe were exceptionally high because of, among others, new arrivals, particularly from Iraq. Overall, Southern Europe received 27,800 asylum applications during the first semester of 2008. Similar to Southern Europe, the Nordic region accounted for a decrease in new asylum claims, albeit at a lower level. Here, a total of 19,700 persons applied for refugee status between January and June 2008, a striking 19 per cent decrease compared to the last half of 2007 and 9 per cent less compared to the first six months of 2007 (see Table 1). This decrease has been caused primarily by fewer individuals applying for asylum in Sweden. This is in stark contrast to the other Nordic countries which witnessed either increases or remained stable. Indeed, Norway recorded 5,400 applications between January and June 2008, the highest level in one semester since the second half of 2003 (10,000). The number of asylum claims submitted in North America during the first six months of 2008 (42,200) increased by 10 and 7 per cent respectively, compared to the first (38,400) and second (39,500) semesters of 2007, primarily as a result of more individuals requesting refugee status in the United States of America. The number of asylum-seekers in Australia remained stable during the first half of 2008 (2,000 claims), compared to both semesters of 2007. In Japan, 670 individuals requested refugee status during the first half of 2008: this was the highest level per semester on record since Japan was included in UNHCR’s asylum monitoring system,6 up from 370 applications in the corresponding period last year.

III. Countries of asylum The United States of America has Distribution of asylum claims in 44 been the by far largest single recipient industrialized countries, 1st semester 2008 of new asylum claims during the first United six months of 2008. An estimated States 25,400 individuals submitted an 15.4% Other application, some 2,900 more than 28.0% Canada during the second semester of 2007, 10.2% but 1,600 less than during the first semester of 2007 (27,000). During the Sw itzerland 3.6% France 9.5% first half of 2008, the United States of Italy America received 15 per cent of all 4.4% Greece United applications lodged in the 44 6.2% Germ any Sw eden Kingdom 6.5% industrialized countries covered by 7.4% 8.8% this report. Its annual share in the number of new asylum claims received among the group of industrialized countries remained fairly stable in recent years, ranging between 16 and 19 per cent. Canada ranked second among the 44 industrialized countries, with 16,800 new applications registered during the first half of 2008. This means that on average every tenth application in the 5 6

Figures exclude Italy. Monthly asylum data for Japan is available from 2002.

4


Asylum Levels and Trends in Industrialized Countries, First Half 2008

industrialized world was received by Canada. The figure has remained fairly stable compared to the second semester of 2007 (17,000 claims), but was 48 per cent higher than during the first half of 2007 (11,400). Indeed, the last two semesters were the highest levels witnessed since the second half of 2003. Trends in asylum claims lodged in 44 industrialized countries: 1st semester 2007 to 1st semester 2008

Note: Figures for Italy prior to 2008 are not available.

France has been the leading asylum-seeker receiving country among the group of industrialized countries for much of 2003, 2004 and 2005. While figures have decreased sharply ever since, at times by even more than 50 per cent, the latest statistics indicate that the trend is reversing once again. The 15,600 claims submitted between January and June 2008 constituted an increase of 6 per cent compared to the corresponding period of 2007 (14,700), and an 8 per cent increase compared to the second half of 2007 (14,500). Much of the recent development can be attributed to asylum-seekers from Mali who lodged more than 1,600 asylum claims between January and June 2008, compared to a total of 610 during the whole of 2007. France was thus the third largest recipient of asylum-seekers among the industrialized Half-yearly asylum claims countries during the first half of 2008. lodged in the UK, 2002-2008

The United Kingdom ranked forth among the 44 industrialized countries with 14,500 new applications received during the first semester of 2008. This constituted a 4 per cent decrease compared to the second half of 2007 (15,200), but a 15 per cent increase compared to the first half of 2007 (12,700). These figures are, however, far below those of the peak year of 2002 when some 103,000 individuals requested refugee status in the United Kingdom.

120,000 100,000 80,000

2nd semester 1st semester

60,000 40,000 20,000 0 '02 '03 '04 '05 '06 '07 '08

Following a significant decrease in the number of people, particularly Iraqis, requesting refugee status in the country, Sweden dropped from the second to the fifth largest recipient of new asylum-seekers during the first semester of 2008. A total of 12,300 people lodged an asylum application during this period, a 34 per cent decrease compared to the 18,600 claims which had 5


Asylum Levels and Trends in Industrialized Countries, First Half 2008

been lodged during the second semester of 2007. Sweden was followed by Germany (10,700 claims during January-June 2008), Greece (10,200), Italy (7,200), and Switzerland (5,900).

IV. Origin of asylum-seekers Iraq remained the leading country of origin of asylum applicants during the first six months of 2008. Despite fewer of its citizens lodging asylum claims in the 44 industrialized countries, the number of Iraqi claims was twice higher than of those submitted by asylum-seekers originating from the Russian Federation, the second most important source country. Other important source countries of asylum-seekers are China, Somalia, Pakistan, Afghanistan, and Serbia. Iraq again became the main country of origin of asylum-seekers in industrialized 19,500 countries in 2006, after having been the main source country previously in 2000 and 2002. This trend has continued into 2007 9,400 8,700 when more than 45,000 new asylum claims 7,400 6,300 6,300 6,200 5,200 4,800 4,600 were lodged in the 44 industrialized countries. During the first half of 2008, Iraqis lodged 19,500 asylum claims or 12 per cent of all applications in the 44 IRQ RUS CHI SOM PAK AFG SRB MEX NIG IRN industrialized countries.7 This constitutes a significant decrease compared to 2007: 18 per cent compared to the last six months of 2007 (23,500; excluding Italy) and almost 10 per cent compared to the first half of 2007 (21,400; excluding Italy).

No. of claims

Main countries of origin of asylumseekers, January-June 2008

The decrease in Iraqi claims was particularly significant between April and June of 2008 when 8,800 Iraqis applied for asylum in the 44 industrialized countries, the lowest quarterly level since the fourth quarter of 2006. During the first six months of 2008, Iraqis lodged asylum applications in 36 out of the 44 industrialized countries covered by this report. One in five of the 19,500 Iraqi applications were submitted in Sweden (3,900), the latter having attracted the highest number of Iraqi asylum-seekers for some time. Quarterly Iraqi asylum claims lodged in Germany registered 3,400 Iraqi asylum Germany and Sweden, 2006-2008 claims, the same level as in the preceding 5,000 six months, but four times more than in the Germany 4,000 first half of 2007 (820). A change in Sw eden Swedish decision-making on Iraqi asylum 3,000 claims following the Migration Court’s 2,000 determination that the situation in Iraq is 1,000 not one of “armed conflict” led to a significant fall in recognition rates and a 06Q1 06Q2 06Q3 06Q4 07Q1 07Q2 07Q3 07Q4 08Q1 08Q2 shift in flows.8 Arrivals in Sweden thus dropped but rose in Germany, the Netherlands and Norway. Greece recorded some 1,200 Iraqi claims between January and June 2008, as compared to 3,500 during the same period of 2007, while the Netherlands and Turkey9 recorded 2,400 and 2,700 Iraqi applications respectively during the first semester of 2008. 7

Some 285 Iraqi asylum claims were submitted in Italy during the first six months of 2008 compared to 190 in 2007. Given the relatively low number of Iraqi claims in Italy, the trend remains unchanged. 8 Swedish Migration Court of Appeal, caseno. UN23-06, 26 February 2007. 9 Refers to asylum applications submitted to UNHCR.

6


Asylum Levels and Trends in Industrialized Countries, First Half 2008

Similar to the second semester of 2007, asylum-seekers originating from the Russian Federation were the second largest group, with 9,400 new claims recorded during the first six months of 2008, thus accounting for 6 per cent of all asylum claims in the 44 industrialized countries. The first half of 2008, however, witnessed a 23 per cent drop in the number of Russian asylum claims compared to the second half of 2007(12,200 claims).10 This significant decrease can be attributed primarily to Poland, the main destination for Russian asylum-seekers in 2007 and 2008. Indeed, the Polish authorities registered about half the number of Russian claims between January and June 2008 (2,800) as compared to the period from June to December 2007 (5,400). The number of new asylum applications submitted by citizens from China has remained fairly stable. Some 8,700 Chinese asylum-seekers were registered in the first half of 2008, virtually the same number as in the preceding two semesters (8,600 each). Since 2002, however, the number of Chinese nationals requesting asylum in the 44 industrialized countries has declined by one third, and in 2007 reached its lowest level in a decade. While the top three source countries of asylum-seekers in the 44 industrialized countries showed either a downward or 20,000 stable trend, the number of Somali asylum 15,000 applications continued to remain high during the first half of 2008, reflecting the 10,000 deteriorating situation in the country. Indeed, more than 7,400 Somali asylum5,000 seekers were registered in the 44 0 industrialized countries between January '99 '00 '01 '02 '03 '04 '05 '06 '07 '08* and June 2008. This figure compares to the * 2008 data refers to January-June only. 5,000 Somali claims in the first half, and 6,600 in the second half of 2007. Both figures, however, exclude data for Italy where no monthly asylum statistics are available.11 The 7,400 Somali asylum applications submitted in the first semester of 2008 are the highest level on record since the second semester of 2003 (9,300 asylum claims, excluding Italy), making it the fourth largest source country of asylum-seekers among the 44 industrialized countries. Somali asylum claims lodged in 44 industrialized countries, 1999-2008

With more than 6,300 asylum claims lodged by its citizens during the first semester of 2008, Pakistan became the fifth most important source country of asylum-seekers, after having been third only one year ago. This drop comes mainly as a result of fewer Pakistani citizens applying for asylum in Greece (-19%). As for Somalis, the number of Afghan citizens requesting refugee status in the industrialized world continues to increase. With close to 6,300 new applications recorded during the first six months of 2008, Afghanistan is now the sixth most important source country of asylum-seekers. Excluding the 700 Afghan asylum claims lodged in Italy between January and June 2008, the increase amounted to 22 per cent compared to the corresponding period of 2007, and to 42 per cent since the corresponding period of 2006. Other important source countries of asylum-seekers in the 44 industrialized countries during the first half of 2008 were Serbia (6,200 claims), Mexico (5,200), Nigeria (4,800), the Islamic Republic of Iran and Sri Lanka (4,600 each). 10 11

Italy registered 36 Russian asylum claims in 2007. Given the low number, the trend remains unchanged. Italy registered 760 Somali asylum claims during 2007.

7


Asylum Levels and Trends in Industrialized Countries, First Half 2008

Excluding Italy due to the unavailability of comparable data, applications by half of the 40 main asylum-seeker nationalities increased during the first six months of 2008 as compared to the last six months of 2007. Among the major source countries of asylum-seekers, significant increases were registered by asylum applicants from Mali (+174%), Zimbabwe (+29%), Myanmar (+23%), Afghanistan (+16%), Sri Lanka (+14%), C么te d'Ivoire (+14%), Georgia (+13%), and the Democratic Republic of the Congo (+12%). Conversely, among countries of origin whose nationals lodged 1,000 or more asylum claims during the first semester of 2008, major decreases were recorded among asylum applicants originating from Colombia (-32%), the Russian Federation (-23%), Serbia (-19%), Iraq (-18%), Pakistan and Eritrea (-12% each). The distribution of asylum-seekers in industrialized countries as described above reflects general trends. However, these figures hide the fact that certain nationalities tend to cluster in a limited number of countries. For instance, virtually all applications lodged by Mexican nationals during the first half of 2008 were submitted in Canada (72%) or the United States of America (28%), a phenomenon which has been observed for some years now. More than half of all Chinese asylum applications (57%) lodged during the first semester of 2008 were submitted in the United States of America alone, and more than half of the 6,300 asylum applications from individuals originating from Pakistan were lodged in Greece (56%). On average, 6 out of 10 Iraqi asylum claims were lodged in four countries: Sweden (20%), Germany (18%), Turkey (14%), and the Netherlands (12%). The same proportion can be observed for the 6,500 asylum applicants from the Russian Federation who were registered mainly in Poland (30%), France (18%), and Austria (16%). Somali asylum requests, on the other hand, were concentrated in four countries, namely Sweden (23%), the Netherlands (19%), the United Kingdom (12%), and Italy (10%). More than half of the 6,300 Afghan asylum claims were lodged in the United Kingdom (26%), Greece (16%), and Italy (11%).

8


Asylum Levels and Trends in Industrialized Countries, First Half 2008 Table 1. Quarterly asylum applications lodged in 44 industrialized countries, 2006 to second quarter 2008 See footnotes on next page. Country/region of asylum Albania Australia Austria Belgium Bosnia and Herzegovina Bulgaria Canada Croatia Cyprus Czech Rep. Denmark Estonia Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Iceland Ireland Italy Japan Latvia Liechtenstein Lithuania Luxembourg Malta Montenegro Netherlands New Zealand Norway Poland Portugal Rep. of Korea Romania Serbia Slovakia Slovenia Spain Sweden Switzerland TfYR Macedonia Turkey United Kingdom United States (EOIR) United States (DHS)

2006

2007

2008

'08-'07 First semester change Q3Q4/ '07-'06 '08-'07 '08-'06 Q1Q2 92% -70% -42% 40% 13% 1% 14% -3% -10% -6% -16% -14% 0% 3% 4% 2% 1141% -85% 84% -40% 37% -5% 30% -22% 13% 48% 67% -1% 16% 3% 19% -47% 58% -39% -3% -42% -44% 10% -38% -10% 3% 2% 4% 12% 100% 0% 100% 100% -45% 64% -10% 20% -11% 6% -5% 8% -22% 30% 1% 4% 325% -30% 196% -3% 21% 2% 23% -45% 6% 88% 100% 28% -7% -6% -13% -8% .. .. .. .. -29% 82% 28% 50% 225% -31% 125% -57% -55% 14% -48% -11% 36% -3% 32% 38% -1% 0% -1% -13% -40% 177% 67% 12% .. 150% .. .. -66% 90% -36% 42% -22% 17% -9% 1% 3% 121% 127% 32% -18% 119% 80% -48% 155% -35% 66% 19% 238% -46% 81% -57% 15% 77% 103% -22% 20% 167% 220% -38% 46% -72% -59% -64% -12% -38% -45% -53% 67% -44% -6% -28% 99% -30% 38% -34% 9% 6% 16% 13% 27% -7% 18% -32% 74% 50% 162% 9% -9% 15% 5% -4% -12% -9% -21% 15% 11% -5% 6% 12%

Q1

Q2

Q3

Q4

Q1

Q2

4 926 3,355 2,696 18 85 6,601 18 960 911 454 1 652 6,672 4,920 1,982 612 8 1,067 .. 260 1 11 55 171 302 5 2,962 76 1,516 1,354 44 79 78 22 898 198 1,194 6,620 2,862 7 1,427 7,105 3,990 8,637

5 854 3,658 3,373 13 160 6,224 19 1,499 595 512 9 531 7,566 5,107 6,854 498 14 1,119 .. 171 3 5 56 152 310 12 2,493 53 1,419 1,197 28 104 124 12 953 112 1,609 8,842 3,198 4 1,273 6,835 4,261 8,746

Q2 11 1,039 2,645 2,728 454 209 5,490 35 1,649 382 376 5 296 7,037 3,791 7,148 696 7 911 .. 206 9 10 21 97 140 1,373 48 1,233 659 76 154 115 6 822 121 1,849 8,393 2,450 10 2,019 5,920 3,683 9,842

Q4

7 912 2,937 2,558 9 151 4,794 20 904 750 388 1 537 7,147 4,698 1,895 565 9 972 .. 285 24 26 103 369 3,839 69 1,075 871 15 53 95 7 641 111 1,351 3,846 2,497 4 1,052 6,380 4,562 8,786

Q1 12 912 3,064 2,802 5 231 5,890 31 1,651 464 603 1 308 7,656 4,430 7,446 509 10 1,065 .. 163 4 4 47 101 257 2 1,660 67 1,215 717 67 167 87 6 670 62 2,333 9,228 3,142 4 1,202 6,750 4,142 9,344

Q3

5 816 3,399 2,960 28 171 5,288 37 1,182 760 566 2 568 9,300 5,888 1,536 434 7 1,156 .. 238 4 7 24 98 291 5,171 78 1,310 801 41 42 81 3 379 97 1,153 5,013 2,616 7 796 7,530 4,367 8,532

3 1,022 2,948 2,565 55 232 7,587 51 1,381 471 407 1 451 6,774 5,172 5,456 770 17 970 .. 201 19 10 15 124 405 1,845 60 1,927 1,526 37 122 278 22 769 140 1,440 9,423 2,408 7 2,476 7,090 2,731 8,021

2 998 3,264 3,020 58 303 9,375 78 2,108 561 486 2 379 7,691 5,140 5,063 1,444 8 1,039 .. 246 2 8 33 104 577 2,224 73 2,153 4,214 41 274 179 30 382 104 1,841 9,163 2,844 12 1,945 8,140 3,448 8,308

5 940 2,815 2,941 52 236 8,408 38 1,117 582 542 3 386 7,649 5,760 4,916 709 13 924 3,037 307 4 10 33 99 478 3 2,656 71 2,479 1,503 31 102 189 25 172 42 1,150 7,047 2,786 7 2,210 7,705 3,338 9,002

2 1,024 2,533 2,777 16 181 8,411 30 896 349 454 3 606 7,981 4,965 5,248 517 19 929 4,180 364 5 6 33 99 623 2 3,109 63 2,924 1,507 62 70 169 7 247 72 1,211 5,220 3,159 6 2,629 6,840 3,753 9,286

44,379 4,226 48,605 7,464 48,319 2,790 5,004 53,421 19,361 18,187 894 72,782

36,666 4,484 41,150 5,855 40,271 3,231 5,593 45,854 19,461 18,142 981 65,315

39,894 5,455 45,349 9,250 44,291 4,211 5,913 51,247 20,569 19,228 1,002 71,816

48,679 5,516 54,195 11,318 53,315 3,726 11,578 60,169 20,413 19,231 907 80,582

47,513 4,700 52,213 11,364 51,884 2,823 12,968 57,846 20,685 19,376 979 78,531

42,640 4,828 47,468 10,305 46,340 3,074 12,892 53,703 20,462 19,015 1,087 74,165

44,702 6,007 50,709 12,225 49,064 4,272 11,198 57,685 19,744 18,339 1,082 77,429

47,595 9,909 57,504 12,189 52,608 7,302 11,577 64,642 22,722 21,131 1,071 87,364

44,621 5,068 49,689 10,467 49,909 3,511 9,907 57,317 22,168 20,748 1,011 79,485

42,034 4,602 46,636 9,223 48,142 3,113 10,671 55,436 22,971 21,450 1,087 78,407

11% 9% 11% 63% 11% -2% 144% 12% 6% 6% 10% 11%

-4% 1% -3% -9% 0% 12% -20% 1% 10% 10% 2% 3%

7% 11% 7% 48% 11% 10% 94% 14% 16% 16% 12% 14%

-6% -39% -11% -19% -4% -43% -10% -8% 6% 7% -3% -4%

.. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. ..

47,658 52,726 52,946 12,944 60,354 82,522

46,214 50,816 52,322 14,851 59,616 82,587

.. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. ..

Totals excluding Italy EU-old (14) EU-new (12) EU-total (26) Nordic region (5) Western Europe (18) Central Europe (11) Southern Europe (7) Europe (37) Non-Europe (6) North America (2) Australia/New Z. (2) Total (43)

Totals including Italy EU-old (15) EU-total (27) Western Europe (19) Southern Europe (8) Europe (38) Total (44)

Note Source: Governments, UNHCR. See Notes on next page for footnotes and country-specific information.

9


Asylum Levels and Trends in Industrialized Countries, First Half 2008 TABLE 1 NOTES: All figures are provisional and subject to change.

a. Country notes Belgium: Excludes accompanying children. Denmark: Asylum claims in Denmark exclude Iraqi interpreters who have worked for the Danish Forces in Iraq. France. Includes asylum applications of minors. Germany. The delay of registering people as well as changes in the registration procedures result in discrepancies between the cumulative total of monthly asylum claims and the total number of asylum claims in Germany. Tables 1 to 15 reflect the former and are thus based on monthly totals. Based on cumulative total annual figures, Germany registered 21,030 asylum claims in 2006 and 19,160 in 2007. Netherlands. Data prior to 2007 include a significant number of repeat applications. The 2007-2008 figures are thus not comparable with previous years. Spain. Includes applications lodged at Spanish embassies. Turkey. Source: UNHCR. United Kingdom: data rounded to the closest 5. United States. Figures include (1) statistics from the Department of Homeland Security (DHS), based on the number of cases and multiplied by 1.4 to estimate the number of individuals; and (2) the number of new ("defensive") requests lodged with the Executive Office for Immigration Review (EOIR), based on the number of individuals.

b. Regional classification EU-"old" (15). Austria, Belgium, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Portugal, Spain, Sweden and UK. EU-"new" (12). Bulgaria, Cyprus, Czech Rep., Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Poland, Romania, Slovak Republic and Slovenia. EU-Total (27). EU-"old" and EU-"new". Nordic region (5). Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway and Sweden. Central Europe (11): Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech Rep., Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, Romania, Slovakia and Slovenia. Western Europe (19). EU-"old" plus Iceland, Norway, Liechtenstein and Switzerland. Southern Europe (8). Albania, Cyprus, Greece, Italy, Malta, Portugal, Spain and Turkey. Western Europe (19): EU-old plus Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway and Switzerland. Europe (38): All 38 European countries listed. Non-Europe (6) : All 6 non-European countries listed. North America (2): Canada and United States of America. Total (44): All countries listed.

10


Asylum Levels and Trends in Industrialized Countries, First Half 2008 Table 2. Asylum applications lodged in industrialized countries by origin, first quarter 2006 to second quarter 2008 Covering all 44 asylum countries listed in Table 1. Top-40 ranking of countries based on applications lodged during second quarter of 2008 (excluding Italy). Totals between this Table and Table 1 differ because figures for the United States (DHS) by origin reflect the number of cases.

2006 Origin Iraq China Russian Federation Somalia Pakistan Afghanistan Serbia* Mexico Sri Lanka Islamic Rep. of Iran Nigeria Haiti Eritrea Turkey Colombia Syrian Arab Rep. Georgia Dem. Rep. of the Congo Mali India Zimbabwe Bangladesh Armenia El Salvador Guinea Ethiopia Algeria Stateless United States C么te d'Ivoire Cameroon Guatemala Sudan Myanmar Viet Nam Albania Lebanon Azerbaijan Moldova Mongolia Other Total

Q1 4,862 4,588 3,524 1,882 1,490 2,002 4,550 1,281 1,395 2,513 1,798 2,361 1,449 2,545 1,174 894 937 1,784 148 1,335 1,344 1,028 1,443 634 663 776 968 469 173 707 704 415 771 308 548 609 394 908 432 669 13,871 70,346

Q2 3,900 4,442 3,491 1,755 1,480 1,921 3,515 1,524 1,252 2,392 1,430 1,944 1,174 2,051 1,619 854 850 1,374 109 1,400 689 978 981 689 642 746 665 501 109 559 606 439 827 427 540 459 281 665 592 415 12,517 62,804

2007 Q3 5,785 4,789 4,433 2,257 1,683 1,954 3,735 1,980 1,337 2,783 1,445 1,462 1,637 1,965 1,382 884 969 1,245 122 1,257 566 1,073 878 809 598 869 645 615 192 561 588 476 700 359 505 432 1,261 538 795 415 13,367 69,346

Q4 8,389 4,583 4,274 2,187 2,968 2,795 4,010 1,975 1,793 2,961 1,723 1,274 2,122 2,154 1,972 1,119 893 1,255 122 1,392 474 3,364 881 1,008 636 825 740 604 225 616 604 622 728 313 472 418 811 434 759 461 13,127 78,083

Q1 10,732 4,430 3,323 2,577 4,004 2,283 3,936 2,112 1,875 1,996 1,634 1,540 1,660 1,889 1,177 1,443 830 1,293 168 1,403 590 2,448 949 1,025 744 715 696 640 268 618 545 733 572 323 497 416 706 326 544 445 11,758 75,863

Q2 10,695 4,194 3,273 2,413 3,366 2,265 3,728 2,318 1,746 1,809 1,467 1,418 1,060 1,642 1,602 1,429 1,299 1,277 235 1,284 646 1,263 893 955 695 651 589 595 239 493 475 739 479 338 636 355 490 330 395 443 11,133 71,352

Q3 11,742 4,091 4,228 3,247 3,916 2,185 3,774 2,565 1,941 2,273 1,688 1,773 1,758 1,495 1,430 1,120 954 1,053 267 1,217 786 927 967 747 719 680 720 765 590 522 526 430 462 335 555 404 538 403 524 419 10,403 75,139

Q4 11,743 4,476 7,945 3,342 2,984 2,597 3,525 2,565 2,005 2,555 1,894 1,910 2,422 1,804 2,359 1,528 963 1,149 392 1,061 1,021 1,101 1,116 859 741 706 814 715 788 492 523 558 500 389 920 525 474 436 306 390 12,397 84,990

Excluding Italy '08-'07 2008 First semester change Q3Q4/ Q1 Q2 '07-'06 '08-'07 '08-'06 Q1Q2 10,556 8,627 145% -10% 119% -18% 4,089 4,548 -4% 0% -4% 1% 5,174 4,192 -6% 42% 34% -23% 3,337 3,307 37% 33% 83% 1% 3,085 3,013 148% -17% 105% -12% 2,774 2,791 16% 22% 42% 16% 3,198 2,719 -5% -23% -27% -19% 2,514 2,679 58% 17% 85% 1% 2,239 2,253 37% 24% 70% 14% 2,375 2,194 -22% 20% -7% -5% 1,881 1,972 -4% 24% 19% 8% 1,773 1,875 -31% 23% -15% -1% 1,841 1,858 4% 36% 41% -12% 1,859 1,534 -23% -4% -26% 3% 1,295 1,297 -1% -7% -7% -32% 1,153 1,290 64% -15% 40% -8% 943 1,224 19% 2% 21% 13% 1,254 1,206 -19% -4% -22% 12% 618 1,189 57% 348% 603% 174% 996 1,188 -2% -19% -20% -4% 1,161 1,167 -39% 88% 15% 29% 1,075 1,072 85% -42% 7% 6% 950 1,010 -24% 6% -19% -6% 787 925 50% -14% 29% 7% 797 803 10% 11% 23% 10% 672 734 -10% 3% -8% 1% 775 663 -21% 12% -12% -6% 623 622 27% 1% 28% -16% 574 604 80% 132% 318% -15% 568 590 -12% 4% -9% 14% 521 578 -22% 8% -16% 5% 516 551 72% -28% 25% 8% 412 511 -34% -12% -42% -4% 431 458 -10% 34% 21% 23% 514 455 4% -14% -11% -34% 440 443 -28% 15% -17% -5% 552 394 77% -21% 40% -7% 457 387 -58% 29% -46% 1% 230 378 -8% -35% -41% -27% 478 376 -18% -4% -21% 6% 11,428 12,078 -13% 3% -11% 3% 76,915 75,755 11% 4% 15% -5%

Note * Figures may include citizens of Montenegro in the absence of separate statistics available for Serbia and Montenegro.

11

Including Italy 2008 Q1 Q2 10,665 8,803 4,100 4,565 5,174 4,196 3,460 3,961 3,191 3,143 3,058 3,207 3,339 2,893 2,514 2,679 2,299 2,292 2,400 2,209 2,262 2,554 1,773 1,875 2,114 1,930 1,974 1,596 1,299 1,304 1,162 1,298 947 1,229 1,257 1,216 637 1,213 1,009 1,195 1,163 1,167 1,216 1,392 951 1,025 788 928 870 863 729 748 783 683 625 623 575 604 872 847 555 634 519 551 508 545 433 460 514 456 445 450 580 406 458 387 235 382 478 381 12,021 12,021 79,952 79,935


Asylum Levels and Trends in Industrialized Countries, First Half 2008 Table 3. Asylum applications lodged in Europe by origin, first quarter 2006 to second quarter 2008 Covering all European asylum countries listed in Table 1. Top-40 ranking of countries based on applications lodged during second quarter of 2008 (excluding Italy).

2006 Origin Iraq Russian Federation Somalia Pakistan Afghanistan Serbia* Islamic Rep. of Iran Sri Lanka Nigeria Eritrea Turkey China Syrian Arab Rep. Georgia Mali Dem. Rep. of the Congo Zimbabwe Bangladesh Armenia India Guinea Algeria Stateless C么te d'Ivoire Sudan Viet Nam Azerbaijan Cameroon Ethiopia Mongolia Albania Colombia Angola Lebanon Uzbekistan Moldova Libyan Arab Jamahiriya Senegal Congo Ghana Other Total

Q1 4,647 3,300 1,761 1,162 1,926 4,447 2,317 1,065 1,592 1,340 2,429 1,495 852 906 79 1,648 1,020 910 1,322 903 545 952 445 624 721 496 892 535 422 629 328 445 473 337 190 404 165 38 397 280 8,984 53,423

Q2 3,716 3,178 1,659 1,139 1,861 3,427 2,226 919 1,239 1,062 1,924 1,372 834 796 61 1,272 534 878 876 918 496 639 474 490 779 503 647 400 362 376 266 823 417 233 160 570 142 37 281 247 7,620 45,853

Q3 5,544 4,174 2,146 1,379 1,859 3,650 2,580 970 1,228 1,543 1,801 1,695 855 927 56 1,084 416 984 747 808 441 611 586 453 644 455 513 389 448 378 269 594 368 963 264 767 144 58 271 216 7,967 51,245

2007 Q4 8,071 4,054 2,096 2,727 2,699 3,915 2,763 1,358 1,459 2,017 2,051 1,456 1,073 868 52 1,135 339 3,273 785 1,005 485 716 551 518 667 431 409 414 489 416 266 1,092 360 643 236 741 214 106 282 243 7,694 60,169

Q1 10,414 3,096 2,452 3,766 2,169 3,832 1,841 1,473 1,391 1,550 1,813 1,461 1,407 806 86 1,189 481 2,355 849 1,006 575 667 598 513 523 462 313 357 356 389 295 382 328 576 115 518 233 117 306 201 6,587 57,848

Q2 10,394 2,928 2,323 3,141 2,168 3,618 1,666 1,364 1,249 953 1,574 1,416 1,403 1,269 140 1,178 530 1,176 800 795 531 568 553 399 419 606 315 309 323 409 246 876 295 394 248 361 144 75 295 151 6,100 53,702

Q3 11,393 4,024 3,142 3,704 2,084 3,686 2,099 1,555 1,405 1,627 1,409 1,606 1,092 931 169 939 643 843 901 878 550 699 727 407 409 513 389 355 341 373 266 489 248 421 225 486 129 135 246 181 5,968 57,687

Q4 11,429 7,705 3,205 2,705 2,501 3,390 2,368 1,586 1,576 2,293 1,699 1,448 1,483 939 321 1,009 865 1,011 1,051 657 572 774 663 400 441 883 421 340 340 343 326 1,011 250 371 156 255 148 140 315 228 7,024 64,642

Excluding Italy '08-'07 2008 First semester change Q3Q4/ Q1 Q2 '07-'06 '08-'07 '08-'06 Q1Q2 10,224 8,280 149% -11% 121% -19% 4,952 3,870 -7% 46% 36% -25% 3,159 3,131 40% 32% 84% -1% 2,811 2,752 200% -19% 142% -13% 2,671 2,671 15% 23% 41% 17% 3,077 2,616 -5% -24% -28% -20% 2,151 2,035 -23% 19% -8% -6% 1,752 1,809 43% 26% 79% 13% 1,623 1,771 -7% 29% 20% 14% 1,700 1,720 4% 37% 42% -13% 1,718 1,427 -22% -7% -28% 1% 993 1,305 0% -20% -20% -25% 1,116 1,260 67% -15% 41% -8% 922 1,188 22% 2% 24% 13% 553 1,146 61% 652% 1114% 247% 1,093 1,085 -19% -8% -25% 12% 956 986 -35% 92% 25% 29% 970 951 97% -46% 7% 4% 875 937 -25% 10% -18% -7% 617 746 -1% -24% -25% -11% 658 693 6% 22% 30% 20% 745 646 -22% 13% -13% -6% 578 574 25% 0% 25% -17% 496 522 -18% 12% -9% 26% 350 449 -37% -15% -47% -6% 469 408 7% -18% -12% -37% 445 369 -59% 30% -47% 0% 334 365 -29% 5% -25% 1% 311 347 -13% -3% -16% -3% 431 333 -21% -4% -24% 7% 235 316 -9% 2% -7% -7% 342 314 -1% -48% -48% -56% 299 314 -30% -2% -31% 23% 455 308 70% -21% 34% -4% 222 291 4% 41% 47% 35% 178 271 -10% -49% -54% -39% 182 264 23% 18% 45% 61% 207 260 156% 143% 523% 70% 255 245 -11% -17% -26% -11% 204 244 -33% 27% -15% 10% 5,990 6,218 -24% -4% -26% -6% 57,319 55,437 12% 1% 14% -8%

Note * Figures may include citizens of Montenegro in the absence of separate statistics available for Serbia and Montenegro.

12

Including Italy 2008 Q1 Q2 10,333 8,456 4,952 3,874 3,282 3,785 2,917 2,882 2,955 3,087 3,218 2,790 2,176 2,050 1,812 1,848 2,004 2,353 1,973 1,792 1,833 1,489 1,004 1,322 1,125 1,268 926 1,193 572 1,170 1,096 1,095 958 986 1,111 1,271 876 952 630 753 731 753 753 666 580 575 800 779 446 483 469 409 446 369 368 421 368 361 431 338 240 323 346 321 301 315 483 320 222 291 183 275 182 264 223 277 269 267 317 439 6,445 6,955 60,356 59,617


Asylum Levels and Trends in Industrialized Countries, First Half 2008 Table 4. Asylum applications lodged in the European Union* by origin, first quarter 2005 to second quarter 2007 *All current Member States of the EU, except Italy, for which no data is available 2006-2007. Top-40 ranking of countries based on applications lodged during second quarter of 2008 (excluding Italy).

2006 Origin Iraq Russian Federation Pakistan Somalia Afghanistan Serbia* Nigeria Sri Lanka Islamic Rep. of Iran Turkey China Mali Georgia Syrian Arab Rep. Dem. Rep. of the Congo Zimbabwe Bangladesh Armenia Eritrea India Guinea Algeria C么te d'Ivoire Viet Nam Stateless Sudan Azerbaijan Cameroon Colombia Albania Mongolia Lebanon Angola Moldova Senegal Congo Uzbekistan Ghana Libyan Arab Jamahiriya Ethiopia Other Total

Q1 4,123 3,079 1,124 1,324 1,773 3,964 1,470 970 1,804 2,243 1,390 69 807 786 1,551 1,011 892 1,268 1,221 891 512 890 580 486 400 677 869 475 438 303 563 323 434 386 35 395 174 274 141 350 8,142 48,607

Q2 3,234 2,940 1,110 1,262 1,707 3,014 1,172 824 1,435 1,723 1,266 57 717 789 1,201 525 854 839 927 904 474 588 454 486 438 733 627 345 809 245 306 219 375 556 35 274 143 239 130 277 6,896 41,149

Q3 4,871 3,884 1,346 1,652 1,675 3,195 1,144 844 1,634 1,622 1,458 51 835 798 978 407 968 706 1,177 782 401 557 398 447 506 594 496 357 583 254 312 896 316 753 49 259 237 212 130 297 7,266 45,347

2007 Q4 7,147 3,818 2,704 1,758 2,457 3,455 1,367 1,156 2,192 1,839 1,336 50 805 1,017 1,034 337 3,253 765 1,057 980 470 669 483 419 472 586 400 367 1,079 252 369 609 320 722 98 267 201 236 204 302 7,143 54,195

Q1 9,364 2,886 3,757 2,110 1,993 3,379 1,313 1,293 1,483 1,600 1,323 86 749 1,325 1,102 477 2,345 840 771 978 538 630 481 453 482 470 306 315 363 275 354 536 291 504 109 299 107 197 215 192 5,924 52,215

Q2 8,836 2,715 3,084 2,000 1,924 2,824 1,156 1,125 1,202 1,418 1,360 138 1,209 1,350 1,110 520 1,168 787 655 783 493 538 344 588 444 379 293 278 864 236 379 371 257 349 69 293 220 145 130 180 5,253 47,467

Q3 9,628 3,721 3,681 2,599 1,636 3,144 1,278 1,317 1,432 1,253 1,545 168 866 1,021 862 638 835 887 1,120 845 522 655 372 502 578 376 375 305 484 236 340 399 215 470 126 243 178 172 106 220 5,361 50,711

Q4 10,100 7,380 2,671 2,636 2,105 2,888 1,426 1,311 1,697 1,555 1,393 315 881 1,312 888 859 991 1,033 1,382 613 531 726 354 869 520 401 413 301 998 306 307 338 210 251 134 304 143 215 126 193 6,428 57,504

Excluding Italy '08-'07 2008 First semester change Q3Q4/ Q1 Q2 '07-'06 '08-'07 '08-'06 Q1Q2 8,119 5,964 147% -23% 91% -29% 4,633 3,611 -7% 47% 37% -26% 2,798 2,720 206% -19% 147% -13% 2,639 2,511 59% 25% 99% -2% 2,331 2,147 13% 14% 29% 20% 2,484 2,128 -11% -26% -34% -24% 1,397 1,485 -7% 17% 9% 7% 1,448 1,434 35% 19% 61% 10% 1,550 1,274 -17% 5% -13% -10% 1,566 1,266 -24% -6% -29% 1% 924 1,220 1% -20% -19% -27% 547 1,141 78% 654% 1240% 249% 839 1,116 28% 0% 28% 12% 1,010 1,102 70% -21% 34% -9% 978 988 -20% -11% -29% 12% 953 962 -35% 92% 25% 28% 960 939 101% -46% 9% 4% 860 924 -23% 10% -15% -7% 998 870 -34% 31% -13% -25% 606 721 -2% -25% -26% -9% 608 616 5% 19% 24% 16% -21% 9% -14% -8% 680 592 459 477 -20% 13% -9% 29% 458 393 7% -18% -12% -38% 407 382 11% -15% -6% -28% 304 351 -40% -23% -54% -16% 437 345 -60% 31% -48% -1% 301 337 -28% 8% -22% 5% 315 304 -2% -50% -50% -58% 209 297 -7% -1% -8% -7% 399 289 -16% -6% -21% 6% 432 282 67% -21% 32% -3% 257 275 -32% -3% -34% 25% 171 262 -9% -49% -54% -40% 196 251 154% 151% 539% 72% 249 243 -12% -17% -26% -10% 207 234 3% 35% 39% 37% 181 228 -33% 20% -20% 6% 166 226 27% 14% 45% 69% 205 219 -41% 14% -32% 3% 5,410 5,511 -26% -2% -27% -7% 49,691 46,637 11% -3% 7% -11%

Note * Figures may include citizens of Montenegro in the absence of separate statistics available for Serbia and Montenegro.

13

Including Italy 2008 Q1 Q2 8,228 6,140 4,633 3,615 2,904 2,850 2,762 3,165 2,615 2,563 2,618 2,302 1,778 2,067 1,508 1,473 1,575 1,289 1,681 1,328 935 1,237 566 1,165 843 1,121 1,020 1,111 981 998 955 962 1,101 1,259 861 939 1,271 942 619 728 681 676 688 612 763 734 458 394 409 383 400 385 438 345 335 393 319 311 214 304 399 294 460 294 259 276 176 266 212 268 263 265 207 234 294 423 166 226 262 233 5,870 6,250 52,727 50,820


Asylum Levels and Trends in Industrialized Countries, First Half 2008 Table 5. Asylum applications lodged in the Nordic region* by origin, first quarter 2006 to second quarter 2008 *See Table 1 for countries included. Top-40 ranking of countries based on applications lodged during second quarter of 2008. 2006 Origin Iraq Somalia Eritrea Serbia** Russian Federation Stateless Afghanistan Islamic Rep. of Iran Uzbekistan Libyan Arab Jamahiriya Syrian Arab Rep. Mongolia Nigeria Sri Lanka Belarus Ethiopia Turkey Armenia Azerbaijan Lebanon Algeria Yemen India Bulgaria Kazakhstan Georgia Burundi Nepal Bosnia and Herzegovina Albania China Dem. Rep. of the Congo Viet Nam Ghana Sudan Bangladesh Egypt Morocco Cameroon Tunisia Other Total

Q1 1,589 435 196 878 392 193 238 224 108 82 155 205 96 30 153 42 156 112 103 54 59 9 49 211 20 76 80 45 132 46 55 57 23 13 19 37 18 20 24 22 1,008 7,464

Q2 1,572 420 157 480 284 192 213 165 92 58 118 60 80 37 126 58 64 57 74 48 41 19 59 275 16 35 79 11 60 43 35 43 24 12 14 41 16 17 20 8 632 5,855

2007 Q3 2,926 554 280 734 457 342 237 255 177 85 116 105 49 58 153 67 117 68 87 403 51 14 88 389 13 43 124 16 76 35 46 43 25 5 28 39 18 28 22 15 862 9,250

Q4 4,601 437 298 808 405 350 350 246 141 134 169 115 54 62 133 88 117 66 54 268 72 11 96 223 29 39 87 12 66 57 35 45 11 8 20 15 46 24 16 19 1,491 11,318

Q1 5,438 828 312 764 422 384 265 180 76 185 117 118 84 60 91 67 119 48 54 217 42 14 55 37 22 90 64 13 70 40 30 38 15 10 30 13 32 30 19 29 842 11,364

Q2 4,934 790 258 610 382 397 218 173 163 112 103 142 65 78 105 86 113 46 49 113 46 20 48 7 24 49 50 19 55 27 64 35 16 12 19 36 25 24 13 15 764 10,305

Q3 5,268 1,002 470 1,012 556 560 258 253 134 96 182 155 79 79 121 95 90 65 76 168 71 21 75 10 29 47 81 15 97 59 42 36 21 15 33 33 45 22 36 25 693 12,225

2008 Q4 5,154 1,032 634 934 583 497 317 289 91 94 174 126 80 110 117 127 116 74 95 106 63 7 62 6 38 32 60 31 74 48 76 49 25 20 38 36 24 26 17 28 679 12,189

Q1 3,433 1,032 559 792 613 442 370 326 160 128 159 221 102 100 104 80 108 60 109 122 69 49 32 8 35 37 59 36 58 47 30 66 41 28 16 28 16 29 19 34 710 10,467

Q2 2,213 1,210 591 530 528 402 354 287 212 211 155 145 130 115 104 100 95 94 90 83 73 68 66 61 60 57 57 48 44 43 38 37 34 32 30 28 28 27 26 26 691 9,223

Note ** Figures may include citizens of Montenegro in the absence of separate statistics available for Serbia and Montenegro.

14

'08-'07 First semester change Q3Q4/ '07-'06 '08-'07 '08-'06 Q1Q2 228% -46% 79% -46% 89% 39% 162% 10% 61% 102% 226% 4% 1% -4% -3% -32% 19% 42% 69% 0% 103% 8% 119% -20% 7% 50% 61% 26% -9% 74% 58% 13% 20% 56% 86% 65% 112% 14% 142% 78% -19% 43% 15% -12% -2% 41% 38% 30% -15% 56% 32% 46% 106% 56% 221% 14% -30% 6% -25% -13% 53% 18% 80% -19% 5% -13% -8% -1% -44% 64% -9% 11% -42% 93% 12% 16% 224% -38% 101% -25% -12% 61% 42% 6% 21% 244% 318% 318% -5% -5% -9% -28% -91% 57% -86% 331% 28% 107% 164% 42% 25% -32% -15% 19% -28% 2% -27% -18% -43% 163% 50% 83% -35% -18% -47% -40% -25% 34% 1% -16% 4% -28% -24% -42% -27% 41% 3% 21% -34% 142% 60% 63% -12% 173% 140% 71% 48% -6% 39% -35% -37% 14% -28% -19% 68% -23% 29% -36% 46% 4% 51% 17% -27% 41% 2% -15% 47% 36% 100% 13% -2% -13% -15% 2% 63% -9% 48% -19%


Asylum Levels and Trends in Industrialized Countries, First Half 2008 Table 6. Asylum applications lodged in Central Europe* by origin, first quarter 2006 to second quarter 2008 *See Table 1 for countries included. Ranking of countries based on applications lodged during second quarter of 2008. 2006 Origin Russian Federation Serbia** Iraq Georgia Ukraine Pakistan Turkey Somalia Mongolia India Viet Nam Afghanistan Moldova China Nigeria Armenia Belarus Bangladesh Cuba Stateless Sri Lanka Kazakhstan Kyrgyzstan Islamic Rep. of Iran Uzbekistan Syrian Arab Rep. Algeria Occupied Palest. Territ. TfYR Macedonia Egypt Other Total

Q1 830 122 65 125 236 77 67 16 46 138 167 103 45 108 63 45 86 61 13 32 10 25 28 23 5 14 46 22 10 11 151 2,790

Q2 978 183 117 106 172 46 54 23 25 212 174 110 104 130 54 45 54 41 3 48 9 164 11 13 9 22 14 41 20 64 185 3,231

2007 Q3 1,497 234 125 128 147 79 61 30 24 152 148 50 217 232 71 42 53 69 10 28 3 50 28 16 13 20 21 40 16 380 227 4,211

Q4 1,322 157 227 120 137 118 69 52 55 315 131 87 123 143 69 50 66 71 13 25 11 22 28 15 10 28 8 50 19 2 183 3,726

Q1 697 159 220 68 95 152 47 23 79 233 165 48 69 125 55 29 65 53 24 58 26 8 45 17 2 21 11 27 25 10 167 2,823

Q2 721 281 208 104 88 284 68 39 57 238 234 46 78 104 39 43 37 50 11 36 27 13 8 24 23 31 13 14 12 4 139 3,074

Q3 1,496 581 295 94 103 253 54 13 51 184 156 65 101 114 57 53 69 55 52 41 53 12 7 15 8 47 32 14 23 5 169 4,272

2008 Q4 4,162 266 411 87 101 65 215 78 70 54 518 65 66 266 64 40 55 34 54 34 34 12 10 26 13 47 21 44 19 33 338 7,302

Q1 1,480 243 247 57 98 232 276 50 58 80 68 47 21 55 42 45 36 49 17 29 24 26 9 14 11 10 16 20 13 37 101 3,511

Q2 1,481 228 161 110 101 99 94 69 68 63 58 57 57 54 33 32 29 25 25 24 23 20 18 16 15 15 14 13 12 9 90 3,113

Note ** Figures may include citizens of Montenegro in the absence of separate statistics available for Serbia and Montenegro.

15

'08-'07 First semester change Q3Q4/ '07-'06 '08-'07 '08-'06 Q1Q2 -22% 109% 64% -48% 44% 7% 54% -44% 135% -5% 124% -42% -26% -3% -28% -8% -55% 9% -51% -2% 254% -24% 169% 4% -5% 222% 206% 38% 59% 92% 205% 31% 92% -7% 77% 4% 35% -70% -59% -40% 17% -68% -63% -81% -56% 11% -51% -20% -1% -47% -48% -53% -4% -52% -54% -71% -20% -20% -36% -38% -20% 7% -14% -17% -27% -36% -54% -48% 1% -28% -27% -17% 119% 20% 163% -60% 18% -44% -34% -29% 179% -11% 147% -46% -89% 119% -76% 92% 36% -49% -31% 59% 14% -27% -17% -27% 79% 4% 86% 24% 44% -52% -31% -73% -60% 25% -50% -43% -35% -20% -48% -43% 23% -32% -17% -40% -81% 229% -39% 21% -9% -38% -43% -62% -2% 12% 10% -43%


Asylum Levels and Trends in Industrialized Countries, First Half 2008 Table 7. Asylum applications lodged in Southern Europe* by origin, first quarter 2006 to second quarter 2008 *See Table 1 for countries included. Top-40 ranking of countries based on applications lodged during second quarter of 2008. Figures between 1 and 4 have been replaced with an asterisk. Excluding Italy 2006 2007 2008 Origin Q1 Q2 Q3 Q4 Q1 Q2 Q3 Q4 Q1 Q2 Iraq 397 510 508 913 2,896 3,742 2,289 1,789 2,058 1,992 Pakistan 211 295 423 1,744 2,834 2,134 2,695 1,856 1,822 1,885 Afghanistan 223 193 226 720 508 562 569 670 683 750 Islamic Rep. of Iran 570 827 942 812 496 594 710 743 597 717 Georgia 206 184 199 197 239 757 430 498 470 652 Syrian Arab Rep. 269 289 352 514 874 993 545 704 501 610 Nigeria 318 226 199 363 269 255 329 442 438 499 Bangladesh 398 464 547 2,792 1,830 656 355 427 472 449 Somalia 185 183 350 330 313 360 665 724 409 333 Colombia 330 652 463 800 324 828 427 944 282 260 Sri Lanka 127 86 102 261 265 207 199 212 217 240 C么te d'Ivoire 65 73 91 146 126 78 133 111 203 229 India 112 115 88 146 285 153 163 137 121 171 Sudan 111 197 108 155 92 102 61 92 91 150 Ethiopia 75 64 103 132 81 60 73 31 57 97 Senegal 5 * 21 63 64 37 77 97 128 96 Eritrea 160 139 98 113 80 54 100 202 156 83 Egypt 26 22 41 41 53 57 52 89 96 82 Burkina Faso * 8 7 20 16 7 18 24 30 82 Dem. Rep. of the Congo 56 52 27 40 85 44 39 70 59 71 Albania * 5 13 11 12 20 10 17 16 69 Guinea 11 9 8 30 46 30 49 48 51 67 Ghana 18 19 39 60 25 17 26 46 21 63 Russian Federation 80 77 51 82 51 56 51 44 40 57 Moldova 30 34 27 35 30 43 28 20 28 52 Armenia 35 17 31 35 29 26 58 30 23 52 Algeria 117 47 62 44 58 40 80 100 52 50 Togo 6 17 14 18 * 7 10 * * 47 Cameroon 49 37 57 41 30 31 37 45 35 41 Niger 7 34 12 25 * 6 16 * 8 40 Cuba 14 19 14 15 20 25 22 20 36 37 Morocco 42 26 101 148 110 77 57 44 44 35 Philippines 11 21 19 12 29 20 19 26 22 34 China 114 92 53 58 70 46 68 90 50 33 Kenya * 10 * * 5 36 12 22 37 32 Mali 7 12 9 * 17 11 18 12 20 31 Gambia 10 5 11 14 20 36 25 23 23 31 Uzbekistan 15 12 8 40 14 17 51 22 29 29 Sierra Leone 31 19 16 26 35 13 24 16 17 26 Ukraine 60 38 33 57 29 30 20 17 16 25 Other 496 460 438 518 601 625 588 1,070 446 372 Total 5,004 5,593 5,913 11,578 12,968 12,892 11,198 11,577 9,907 10,671

16

First semester change '07-'06 '08-'07 '08-'06 18% 636% 767% -42% 866% 459% 33% 234% 344% 48% 17% 73% -81% 156% -51% 108% 187% 498% 22% 131% 183% -15% -4% -19% -32% 37% -8% -79% 560% 39% -65% 108% -27% -7% 95% 81% -52% 162% 25% -2% 57% 54% 288% 182% 994% 156% -43% 45% -39% 129% 39% -54% 17% -46% -74% -35% -83% -41% 197% 75% -42% -43% -67% 84% -65% -35% -66% 9% -63% -33% -14% -42% -58% -40% -74% 55% -21% 22% 0% 213% 213% -47% 1011% 488% -69% 300% 24% 1000% 273% 4000% 12% 35% 51% 41% -30% -2% -84% -39% -90% -83% 224% -44% -50% 6% -47% -15% 36% 15% -60% 300% 60% 11% 240% 278% 13% -17% -6% -32% 50% 2% -49% -16% -57% -32% 158% 76%

'08-'07 Q3Q4/ Q1Q2 450% 129% 115% -9% 152% -26% 5% -8% -13% 1395% 45% 90% -10% -8% -22% -26% 36% 53% -26% -17% -4% -37% 13% 102% -6% -52% 13% 19% 124% 720% 41% -38% -34% 49% -21% 55% 33% 3300% 0% 55% -18% 53%

Including Italy 2008 Q1 Q2 2,167 2,168 1,928 2,015 967 1,166 622 732 474 657 510 618 819 1,081 613 769 532 987 286 267 277 279 507 486 134 178 187 184 114 111 144 113 429 155 102 115 86 162 62 81 21 76 124 127 134 258 40 61 33 56 24 67 60 70 99 132 69 97 15 50 47 45 50 87 22 36 61 50 40 50 39 55 72 75 29 29 28 36 19 27 958 1,043 12,944 14,851


Asylum Levels and Trends in Industrialized Countries, First Half 2008 Table 8. Asylum applications lodged in Canada and the United States by origin, first quarter 2006 to second quarter 2008 Top-40 ranking of countries based on applications lodged during second quarter of 2008. Totals between this Table and Table 1 differ because figures for the United States (DHS) by origin reflect the number of cases. Figures between 1 and 4 have been replaced with an asterisk. 2006 Origin Q1 China 2,838 Mexico 1,275 Haiti 1,641 Colombia 728 El Salvador 627 United States* 161 Guatemala 406 India 350 Ethiopia 347 Russian Federation 220 Honduras 270 Sri Lanka 282 Iraq 174 Venezuela (Boliv. Rep. of) 275 Nepal 166 Cameroon 165 Pakistan 290 Nigeria 194 Indonesia 224 Czech Rep. * Kenya 60 Somalia 109 Zimbabwe 305 Eritrea 105 Cuba 153 Egypt 114 Saint Vincent & the Grenadin 128 Albania 277 Islamic Rep. of Iran 158 Guinea 117 Dem. Rep. of the Congo 130 Moldova 27 Afghanistan 75 Serbia** 100 Jamaica 75 Philippines 74 Peru 79 Ukraine 143 Brazil 92 Myanmar 76 Other 2,716 Total 15,749

Q2 2,787 1,521 1,487 787 674 105 438 352 371 306 277 251 144 261 172 194 302 179 246 5 64 93 152 112 178 137 90 192 142 146 100 22 56 87 77 56 100 126 81 84 2,678 15,632

Q3 2,785 1,973 1,050 786 780 187 470 368 387 251 337 243 186 246 184 197 283 203 381 * 110 111 139 92 165 108 76 160 172 157 153 28 84 84 71 61 91 140 55 66 3,336 16,760

2007 Q4 2,872 1,974 1,010 871 998 215 617 345 329 220 390 286 230 217 189 186 221 247 328 7 86 89 120 105 176 92 69 146 153 151 118 18 87 94 74 56 103 134 80 86 2,943 16,732

Q1 2,688 2,108 1,295 785 1,001 256 721 329 351 214 337 273 257 213 160 186 206 223 285 8 64 121 88 105 160 98 97 119 127 166 99 26 106 100 61 73 72 115 117 88 2,808 16,706

Q2 2,506 2,316 1,265 717 931 227 730 286 317 340 308 229 265 193 146 159 179 188 263 5 78 88 92 105 140 121 61 106 112 164 95 34 83 109 55 47 118 122 183 66 2,654 16,203

Q3 2,151 2,558 1,632 936 729 568 426 294 313 194 237 229 252 226 147 167 155 244 232 * 70 103 115 126 126 107 81 136 133 169 110 38 93 86 57 46 62 112 46 61 2,477 16,047

2008 Q4 2,630 2,562 1,762 1,345 836 773 547 361 344 238 302 278 255 254 193 177 230 283 312 112 109 133 127 120 190 101 107 197 154 168 130 51 90 130 74 47 100 113 75 101 2,646 18,757

Q1 2,814 2,510 1,582 948 771 563 511 340 340 216 331 355 285 227 179 181 220 248 233 171 200 173 148 141 160 108 112 200 175 137 154 52 97 120 90 60 68 125 77 92 2,662 18,176

Note * Refers to applications lodged in Canada. ** Figures may include citizens of Montenegro in the absence of separate statistics available for Serbia and Montenegro.

17

Q2 2,949 2,675 1,680 976 904 591 547 360 355 318 318 315 296 227 217 198 197 194 193 191 177 170 145 137 132 131 128 122 112 110 110 107 106 102 102 99 96 94 92 79 2,745 18,797

'08-'07 First semester change Q3Q4/ '07-'06 '08-'07 '08-'06 Q1Q2 -8% 11% 2% 21% 58% 17% 85% 1% -18% 27% 4% -4% -1% 28% 27% -16% 49% -13% 29% 7% 82% 139% 334% -14% 72% -27% 25% 9% -12% 14% 0% 7% -7% 4% -3% 6% 5% -4% 2% 24% 18% 1% 19% 20% -6% 33% 26% 32% 64% 11% 83% 15% -24% 12% -15% -5% -9% 29% 17% 16% -4% 10% 6% 10% -35% 8% -30% 8% 10% 8% 18% -16% 17% -22% -9% -22% 63% 2685% 4425% 215% 15% 165% 204% 111% 3% 64% 70% 45% -61% 63% -36% 21% -3% 32% 28% 13% -9% -3% -12% -8% -13% 9% -5% 15% -28% 52% 10% 28% -52% 43% -31% -3% -20% 20% -4% 0% 25% -25% -6% -27% -16% 36% 15% 10% 22% 165% 224% 79% 44% 7% 55% 11% 12% 6% 19% 3% -24% 66% 26% 47% -8% 33% 22% 71% 6% -14% -8% 1% -12% -8% -19% -3% 73% -44% -2% 40% -4% 11% 7% 6% 1% -1% 0% 6% 5% 12% 18% 6%


Asylum Levels and Trends in Industrialized Countries, First Half 2008 Table 9. Asylum applications lodged in Australia, New Zealand, Japan, and the Republic of Korea by origin, first quarter 2006 to second quarter 2008 Top-20 ranking of countries based on applications lodged during second quarter of 2008. Figures between 1 and 4 have been replaced with an asterisk. 2006 Origin China Myanmar Sri Lanka Malaysia India Pakistan Bangladesh Iraq Indonesia Islamic Rep. of Iran Turkey Zimbabwe Ethiopia Rep. of Korea Lebanon Egypt Nepal Cameroon Viet Nam Afghanistan Other Total

Q1 255 156 48 31 82 38 30 41 101 38 49 19 7 27 6 16 20 * 9 * 196 1,174

Q2 283 208 82 30 130 39 32 40 79 24 47 * 13 17 6 9 43 12 * * 215 1,319

2007 Q3 309 178 124 26 81 21 21 55 83 31 56 11 34 20 30 13 26 * 7 11 202 1,341

Q4 255 129 149 21 42 20 13 88 34 45 23 15 7 29 23 14 41 * 7 9 214 1,182

Q1 281 120 129 26 68 32 25 61 48 28 27 21 8 11 23 17 121 * 6 8 247 1,309

Q2 272 140 153 30 203 46 27 36 42 31 25 24 11 21 10 6 107 7 7 14 235 1,447

18

Q3 334 136 157 44 45 57 43 97 37 41 24 28 26 26 17 11 40 * 17 8 213 1,405

2008 Q4 398 185 141 44 43 49 27 59 56 33 41 29 22 23 25 12 60 6 9 6 323 1,591

Q1 282 218 132 50 39 54 32 47 78 49 45 57 21 17 17 16 17 6 10 6 227 1,420

Q2 294 240 129 85 82 64 53 51 48 47 46 36 32 27 23 20 15 15 15 14 185 1,521

'08-'07 First semester change Q3Q4/ '07-'06 '08-'07 '08-'06 Q1Q2 3% 4% 7% -21% -29% 76% 26% 43% 117% -7% 101% -12% -8% 141% 121% 53% 28% -55% -43% 38% 1% 51% 53% 11% -16% 63% 37% 21% 20% 1% 21% -37% -50% 40% -30% 35% -5% 63% 55% 30% -46% 75% -5% 40% 105% 107% 323% 63% -5% 179% 165% 10% -27% 38% 0% -10% 175% 21% 233% -5% -8% 57% 44% 57% 262% -86% -49% -68% -44% 133% 31% 110% 8% 92% 108% -4% 340% -9% 300% 43% 17% -15% 0% -23% 11% 7% 18% -2%


Asylum Levels and Trends in Industrialized Countries, First Half 2008 Table 10. Applications submitted by country of asylum and origin, first quarter 2008 Top-20 ranking of countries based on applications lodged during the first quarter. An asterisk (*) indicates a value between 1 and 4.

Origin Iraq Russian Federation China Somalia Serbia*** Pakistan Afghanistan Mexico Islamic Rep. of Iran Sri Lanka Nigeria Eritrea Turkey Haiti Colombia Dem. Rep. of the Congo Bangladesh Zimbabwe Syrian Arab Rep. India

Origin Iraq Russian Federation China Somalia Serbia*** Pakistan Afghanistan Mexico Islamic Rep. of Iran Sri Lanka Nigeria Eritrea Turkey Haiti Colombia Dem. Rep. of the Congo Bangladesh Zimbabwe Syrian Arab Rep. India

Origin Iraq Russian Federation China Somalia Serbia*** Pakistan Afghanistan Mexico Islamic Rep. of Iran Sri Lanka Nigeria Eritrea Turkey Haiti Colombia Dem. Rep. of the Congo Bangladesh Zimbabwe Syrian Arab Rep. India

Albania

Australia

Austria

Belgium

5 -

39 5 265 * * 40 * 29 93 * 9 * * 22 52 38

104 888 55 120 373 13 205 65 * 130 6 102 12 18 27 61

246 478 36 33 213 38 190 130 31 11 5 74 160 14 * 77 20

Greece

Hungary

Iceland

688 16 14 39 * 1,763 534 105 31 161 10 8 400 200 49

50 6 7 40 182 193 21 * 10 20 11 30 * -

* * * * * * -

61 10 34 38 22 37 22 22 5 237 21 * 44 * 26 * *

Poland

Portugal

Rep. of Korea

Romania

* 7 5 * 16 5 * * -

49 * 13 11 12 * * * 24 * * * 47

* 1,396 * 5 * * * 10 * * 5

* * * 0 * * 7 * *

Ireland

Bosnia and H.

50 -

Italy

109 11 123 141 106 284 25 60 381 273 115 * * 141 * 9 13

Serbia

11 * 5 -

Bulgaria

Canada

Croatia

Cyprus

Czech Rep.

Denmark**

Estonia

124 * * 6 * * 12 6 * 7 * * * * -

84 81 433 99 52 102 83 1,757 86 259 199 49 64 984 757 134 22 82 20 161

22 * 9 -

55 12 30 * 47 10 53 151 33 17 59 278 55

9 20 12 * 8 * * * * 10 212 * * *

148 58 8 19 21 5 62 33 12 6 * 5 * * * 19 6

* -

Japan

Latvia

5 8 * 11 13 * 36 * * 5 *

* * * -

Slovakia

Slovenia

13 29 14 6 16 7 * * * * 11 * 26

* 13 * * * 7 * -

Liechtenstein Lithuania

* -

Spain

18 12 11 * 10 8 9 9 187 * 8 * 275 38 13 * 20 14

Luxembourg

France

Germany

92 36 34 32 * 23 21 * 13 15 9 * * *

48 1,138 153 21 554 82 43 29 552 108 14 513 189 13 529 221 6 13 17

1,961 225 53 37 479 69 119 179 110 104 58 395 5 38 8 6 194 90

Monteneg ro Netherlands

New Zealand

Norway

7 * 5 * * * 5 10 * * * 5 -

496 276 * 140 247 * 142 83 76 50 334 19 36 * * 19 6

23 * -

* * 46 5 5 * -

161 * 54 121 * * *

* * -

Sweden

Switzerland

TfYR Macedonia

Turkey

2,696 242 18 839 488 16 142 189 11 32 223 68 * * 18 22 * 119 18

301 41 60 186 258 9 65 88 202 172 347 123 27 61 7 * 80 5

6 * -

1,296 5 194 * 131 430 23 21 18 * -

** Asylum claims in Denmark exclude Iraqi interpreters who have worked for the Danish Forces in Iraq. *** Figures may include citizens of Montenegro in the absence of separate statistics available for Serbia and Montenegro. **** Combination of number of persons (EOIR) and cases (DHS).

19

Malta

Finland

1,006 21 119 753 10 10 56 43 55 32 49 17 10 7 7 * 12 15

UK

745 15 345 480 20 475 870 655 450 245 480 75 5 110 145 905 35 175

USA****

201 135 2,381 74 68 118 14 753 89 96 49 92 32 598 191 20 51 66 17 179


Asylum Levels and Trends in Industrialized Countries, First Half 2008 Table 11. Applications submitted by country of asylum and origin, second quarter 2008 Top-20 ranking of countries based on applications lodged during the second quarter. An asterisk (*) indicates a value between 1 and 4.

Origin

Albania

Iraq China Russian Federation Somalia Afghanistan Pakistan Serbia*** Mexico Nigeria Sri Lanka Islamic Rep. of Iran Eritrea Haiti Turkey Bangladesh Colombia Syrian Arab Rep. Georgia Dem. Rep. of the Congo Mali

Origin Iraq China Russian Federation Somalia Afghanistan Pakistan Serbia*** Mexico Nigeria Sri Lanka Islamic Rep. of Iran Eritrea Haiti Turkey Bangladesh Colombia Syrian Arab Rep. Georgia Dem. Rep. of the Congo Mali

Origin Iraq China Russian Federation Somalia Afghanistan Pakistan Serbia*** Mexico Nigeria Sri Lanka Islamic Rep. of Iran Eritrea Haiti Turkey Bangladesh Colombia Syrian Arab Rep. Georgia Dem. Rep. of the Congo Mali

* -

Greece

542 14 34 25 452 1,768 244 54 70 17 15 391 266 617 * -

Poland

* * 1,382 * * * 8 9 * * 12 * *

Australia

Austria

Belgium

Bosnia and H.

Bulgaria

Canada

Croatia

Cyprus

Czech Rep.

Denmark**

30 282 * 5 11 57 * * 93 33 * 11 24 * * * * -

111 58 608 86 290 16 289 122 * 41 * 92 10 34 104 16 *

251 37 360 44 166 33 228 20 41 144 7 * 80 20 * 72 38 134 -

* 11 -

74 * * 5 15 5 5 * * * 9 * -

64 354 62 85 92 72 26 1,974 159 216 38 31 1,142 35 23 727 10 15 92 *

* * 15 5 -

13 13 5 11 97 21 123 35 * 51 274 22 -

5 6 22 12 7 * 7 * * 26 * 7 * -

167 * 46 12 40 * 15 * 9 28 * * 11 5 15 * * -

Hungary

Iceland

31 15 * 63 19 44 180 9 * 5 6 * * 51 -

* * * 5 * * * * -

48 34 6 41 24 55 10 248 5 11 12 * 14 8 37 45 -

Portugal

Rep. of Korea

Romania

* * * 13 16 6 -

28 9 8 * 23 6 * * 18 * * 14 -

* 0 * 19 5 7 * * -

Ireland

Italy

Japan

176 17 * 654 416 130 174 582 39 15 72 62 320 7 8 5 10 24

Serbia

* -

Latvia

* 5 * * * 18 7 35 12 * * *

* * -

Slovakia

Slovenia

18 16 45 9 20 6 * * 17 * 21 -

* * 18 * * 33 * -

Liechtenstein Lithuania

* * -

Spain

27 18 33 15 16 * * 165 32 16 9 * * 5 253 62 12 30 *

Luxembourg

* 17 * * * -

* * * 50 * * * -

* 158 * 65 17 * 30

Sweden

Switzerland

TfYR Macedonia

1,240 16 221 842 105 12 284 40 6 143 162 53 22 * 115 48 17 *

288 60 47 232 59 18 252 * 211 268 69 389 * 136 10 6 128 67 49 5

* * -

** Asylum claims in Denmark exclude Iraqi interpreters who have worked for the Danish Forces in Iraq. *** Figures may include citizens of Montenegro in the absence of separate statistics available for Serbia and Montenegro. **** Combination of number of persons (EOIR) and cases (DHS).

20

Malta

Estonia

France

Germany

* * -

Finland

186 * 49 84 17 * 26 * 15 10 20 * 8 * * * * -

47 160 580 21 53 71 600 80 553 21 24 186 498 254 26 5 64 578 1,097

1,481 67 162 41 98 62 383 129 128 162 58 * 338 11 * 175 38 45 *

Montenegro

Netherlands

New Zealand

Norway

-

1,345 350 22 636 61 11 5 15 41 58 40 18 6 15 8 * *

19 * * * * 5 7 * * -

619 19 212 272 189 6 200 70 89 94 426 23 * 22 * 15 -

Turkey

1,408 6 116 272 * * 10 596 35 * 8 33 -

UK

340 415 20 415 760 480 25 280 395 510 515 50 130 10 45 10 100 -

USA****

232 2,595 256 85 14 125 76 701 35 99 74 106 538 26 45 249 17 20 18 39


Asylum Levels and Trends in Industrialized Countries, First Half 2008 Table 12. Top-10 nationalities of asylum applicants by country of asylum, second quarter 2008 Covering 44 industrialized countries which provided monthly data to UNHCR. An asterisk (*) indicates a value between 1 and 4. Albania Australia Austria Sri Lanka * China 282 Russian Fed. Sri Lanka 93 Afghanistan Malaysia 83 Serbia India 78 Nigeria Pakistan 57 Iraq Indonesia 48 Georgia Zimbabwe 34 Armenia Islamic Rep. of Iran 33 Turkey Iraq 30 Somalia Rep. of Korea 27 India Bulgaria Iraq Armenia Stateless Afghanistan Syrian Arab Rep. Somalia Sri Lanka Nigeria Russian Fed. Islamic Rep. of Iran

74 18 16 15 9 5 5 5 * *

Denmark Iraq **** Russian Fed. Afghanistan Islamic Rep. of Iran Occup. Palest. Terr. Serbia ** Syrian Arab Rep. Somalia Turkey Sri Lanka

167 46 40 28 21 15 15 12 11 9

Canada Mexico Haiti Colombia United States China Sri Lanka Czech Rep. India Nigeria El Salvador

1,974 1,142 727 591 354 216 187 165 159 141

Estonia Iraq Nigeria Senegal

* * *

Croatia Serbia Sri Lanka Pakistan Belarus Afghanistan TfYR Macedonia Montenegro Unknown

Finland Iraq Somalia Bulgaria Russian Fed. Serbia ** Islamic Rep. of Iran Afghanistan Nigeria Romania Sri Lanka

608 290 289 122 111 104 93 92 86 70

15 5 * * * * * *

186 84 61 49 26 20 17 15 15 10

Belgium Russian Fed. Iraq Serbia Afghanistan Islamic Rep. of Iran DR of Congo Armenia Guinea Cameroon Turkey

360 251 228 166 144 134 125 116 98 80

Bosnia and H. Serbia Occup. Palest. Terr. Croatia Pakistan TfYR Macedonia

11 * * * *

Cyprus Syrian Arab Rep. Sri Lanka Pakistan India Egypt Bangladesh Islamic Rep. of Iran Viet Nam Georgia Nigeria

274 123 97 75 54 51 35 24 22 21

Czech Rep. Ukraine Mongolia Turkey Russian Fed. Viet Nam Kyrgyzstan Kazakhstan Belarus Afghanistan Pakistan

84 56 26 22 21 17 15 14 12 7

France Mali Serbia Russian Fed. DR of Congo Sri Lanka Turkey Armenia Guinea Bangladesh Comoros

1,097 600 580 578 553 498 424 333 254 213

Germany Iraq Serbia Turkey Viet Nam Syrian Arab Rep. Russian Fed. Islamic Rep. of Iran Lebanon Nigeria Sri Lanka

1,481 383 338 243 175 162 162 143 129 128

Ireland Nigeria Pakistan Iraq DR of Congo Moldova Somalia Georgia China Sudan Zimbabwe

248 55 48 45 41 41 37 34 28 28

**** Asylum claims in Denmark exclude Iraqi interpreters who have worked for the Danish Forces in Iraq.

Greece Pakistan Georgia Iraq Afghanistan Bangladesh Syrian Arab Rep. Nigeria India Senegal Islamic Rep. of Iran

1,768 617 542 452 391 266 244 84 82 70

Japan Myanmar Turkey Sri Lanka Ethiopia Bangladesh Cameroon Nepal Islamic Rep. of Iran China Liberia

209 35 18 18 12 10 9 7 5 *

Hungary Serbia Somalia Georgia Pakistan Iraq Afghanistan China Nigeria Mongolia Cuba

180 63 51 44 31 19 15 9 8 8

Latvia Cuba Georgia Senegal Turkey

* * * *

Iceland Serbia Afghanistan Georgia Islamic Rep. of Iran Nigeria Iraq Moldova Pakistan Sri Lanka Western Sahara

5 * * * * * * * * *

Liechtenstein Serbia Armenia Germany TfYR Macedonia Turkey

* * * * *

21

Lithuania Russian Fed. Cuba DR of Congo Belarus Uzbekistan Georgia Islamic Rep. of Iran Iraq Angola Tajikistan

17 * * * * * * * * *

Italy Somalia Nigeria Afghanistan Bangladesh C么te d'Ivoire Ghana Iraq Serbia Pakistan Togo Luxembourg Serbia Belarus Cameroon Montenegro Bosnia and H. Nigeria Albania Turkey Somalia Gambia

654 582 416 320 257 195 176 174 130 85

50 5 5 5 * * * * * *


Asylum Levels and Trends in Industrialized Countries, First Half 2008 Table 12. Top-10 nationalities of asylum applicants by country of asylum, second quarter 2008 (continued) Covering 44 industrialized countries which provided monthly data to UNHCR. An asterisk (*) indicates a value between 1 and 4. Malta Somalia C么te d'Ivoire Nigeria Ethiopia Togo Niger Ghana Mali Burkina Faso Eritrea Poland Russian Fed. Viet Nam Georgia Sri Lanka Nigeria Armenia Belarus Ukraine Uzbekistan Mongolia

Montenegro 158 100 65 58 42 35 32 30 18 17

1,382 19 12 9 8 8 8 7 6 *

Slovakia Russian Fed. Moldova Georgia Pakistan India Iraq Bangladesh China Viet Nam Ukraine TfYR Macedonia Serbia Albania Stateless Turkey

45 40 21 20 19 18 17 16 11 9

* * * *

Albania Belarus

* *

Netherlands Iraq 1,345 Somalia 636 China 350 Afghanistan 61 Islamic Rep. of Iran 58 Sri Lanka 41 Eritrea 40 Sierra Leone 39 Armenia 31 Guinea 29

New Zealand Iraq Islamic Rep. of Iran Sri Lanka China Afghanistan Myanmar India Nepal Ethiopia Zimbabwe

19 7 5 * * * * * * *

Romania India Iraq Pakistan Turkey Georgia China Russian Fed. Serbia Israel Moldova

35 28 23 18 14 9 8 6 * *

Portugal Sri Lanka Colombia Eritrea Congo DR of Congo Nigeria Angola Guinea-Bissau Peru Georgia

19 7 5 5 * * * * * *

Rep. of Korea Bangladesh Sri Lanka Myanmar DR of Congo Uganda Pakistan Nigeria Ethiopia China Ghana

Slovenia Turkey Serbia Cuba Islamic Rep. of Iran TfYR Macedonia Albania Bosnia and H. China Georgia Russian Fed.

33 18 * * * * * * * *

Spain Colombia Nigeria C么te d'Ivoire Syrian Arab Rep. Sudan Algeria Cuba Somalia Sri Lanka DR of Congo

253 165 121 62 49 41 36 33 32 30

Sweden Iraq 1,240 Somalia 842 Serbia 284 Stateless 229 Russian Fed. 221 Libyan Arab Jamah. 179 Uzbekistan 171 Eritrea 162 Islamic Rep. of Iran 143 Mongolia 139

United Kingdom Zimbabwe Afghanistan Eritrea Islamic Rep. of Iran Pakistan Somalia China Sri Lanka Iraq Nigeria

900 760 515 510 480 415 415 395 340 280

United States*** China 2,595 El Salvador 763 Mexico 701 Haiti 538 Guatemala 466 Ethiopia 306 Russian Fed. 256 Colombia 249 Iraq 232 Honduras 207

Turkey Iraq 1,408 Islamic Rep. of Iran 596 Afghanistan 272 Somalia 116 Sudan 59 Eritrea 35 DR of Congo 33 16 Occup. Palest. Terr. Uzbekistan 15 Sri Lanka 10

16 13 11 6 5 * * * * *

** Figures may include citizens of Montenegro in the absence of separate statistics available for Serbia and Montenegro. *** Combination of cases (DHS) and persons (EOIR).

22

Norway Iraq Eritrea Somalia Russian Fed. Serbia Afghanistan Stateless Islamic Rep. of Iran Sri Lanka Nigeria

619 426 272 212 200 189 168 94 89 70

Serbia (excl. Kosovo) Ethiopia * Chad * Nigeria *

Switzerland Eritrea Iraq Sri Lanka Serbia Somalia Nigeria Turkey Syrian Arab Rep. Islamic Rep. of Iran Georgia

389 288 268 252 232 211 136 128 69 67


Asylum Levels and Trends in Industrialized Countries, First Half 2008 Table 13. Asylum applications lodged in 44 industrialized countries, January to June 2008 See footnotes at the bottom of Table 1. Country/region of asylum

Jan

Feb

Mar

Albania Australia Austria Belgium Bosnia and Herzegovina Bulgaria Canada Croatia Cyprus Czech Rep. Denmark Estonia Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Iceland Ireland Italy Japan Latvia Liechtenstein Lithuania Luxembourg Malta Montenegro Netherlands New Zealand Norway Poland Portugal Rep. of Korea Romania Serbia Slovakia Slovenia Spain Sweden Switzerland TfYR Macedonia Turkey United Kingdom United States (EOIR) United States (DHS) EU-old (15) EU-new (12) EU-total (27) Nordic region (5)

302 1,115 1,097 1 86 2,983 20 254 212 238 2 164 2,486 2,397 1,686 241 7 329 1,007 89 2 4 11 44 218 908 22 864 359 7 59 42 5 45 17 372 3,194 1,048 2 666 2,705 1,126 3,018 17,749 1,489 19,238 4,467

5 315 888 918 17 88 2,904 13 440 188 176 1 104 2,714 1,818 1,724 241 4 296 1,137 92 1 4 7 26 150 3 862 17 783 634 13 19 54 9 61 14 442 2,209 859 1 919 2,510 1,056 3,079 15,837 1,879 17,716 3,276

323 812 926 34 62 2,521 5 423 182 128 118 2,449 1,545 1,506 227 2 299 893 126 1 2 15 29 110 886 32 832 510 11 24 93 11 66 11 336 1,644 879 4 625 2,490 1,156 2,905 14,072 1,700 15,772 2,724

2008 Apr 349 889 907 10 53 2,957 9 310 137 159 1 137 2,883 1,694 1,714 173 3 299 1,550 104 1 15 45 202 929 21 852 566 16 23 39 4 75 15 444 1,839 1,086 1 812 2,270 1,381 2,948 15,775 1,586 17,361 2,990

Western Europe (19) Central Europe (11) Southern Europe (8) Europe (38) Non-Europe (6) North America (2) Australia/New Z. (2) Total (44)

19,672 1,037 4,210 21,855 7,599 7,127 324 29,454

17,487 1,302 4,830 20,333 7,482 7,039 332 27,815

15,787 1,172 3,904 18,166 7,087 6,582 355 25,253

17,717 1,083 5,048 20,139 7,783 7,286 370 27,922

23

May

Jun

Total

2 343 834 899 4 77 2,722 14 312 98 153 2 209 2,319 1,599 1,791 196 7 301 1,390 132 1 1 10 21 189 1 1,011 22 999 462 12 22 46 3 75 45 420 1,752 902 2 903 2,185 1,280 3,380 14,896 1,513 16,409 3,120

332 810 971 2 51 2,732 7 274 114 142 260 2,779 1,672 1,743 148 9 329 1,240 128 4 4 8 33 232 1 1,169 20 1,073 479 34 25 84 97 12 347 1,629 1,171 3 914 2,385 1,092 2,958 15,543 1,503 17,046 3,113

7 1,964 5,348 5,718 68 417 16,819 68 2,013 931 996 6 992 15,630 10,725 10,164 1,226 32 1,853 7,217 671 9 16 66 198 1,101 5 5,765 134 5,403 3,010 93 172 358 32 419 114 2,361 12,267 5,945 13 4,839 14,545 7,091 18,288 93,872 9,670 103,542 19,690

16,805 1,026 5,019 19,247 7,901 7,382 365 27,148

17,800 1,004 4,784 20,230 7,287 6,782 352 27,517

105,268 6,624 27,795 119,970 45,139 42,198 2,098 165,109


Asylum Levels and Trends in Industrialized Countries, First Half 2008

Table 14. Monthly asylum applications lodged in 44 industrialized countries by origin, 2008 Top-40 ranking based on applications lodged during June 2008. Totals between this Table and Table 1 differ because figures for the United States (DHS) by origin reflect the number of cases.

Origin Iraq China Somalia Russian Federation Afghanistan Pakistan Serbia* Mexico Nigeria Islamic Rep. of Iran Eritrea Sri Lanka Haiti Zimbabwe Syrian Arab Rep. Turkey India Dem. Rep. of the Congo Georgia Colombia Mali Armenia Bangladesh Guinea C么te d'Ivoire El Salvador Ethiopia Algeria Stateless Cameroon United States Sudan Ghana Guatemala Myanmar Uzbekistan Egypt Viet Nam Albania Burundi Other Total

Jan. 4,451 1,432 1,417 1,990 1,136 1,039 1,267 802 749 926 789 696 592 339 392 642 325 442 285 425 211 341 322 294 300 266 255 276 236 175 188 196 138 153 144 91 146 186 148 86 4,306 28,594

Feb 3,500 1,258 998 1,812 1,083 1,111 1,106 943 765 751 764 810 636 348 397 672 315 425 347 458 171 309 448 290 315 252 244 271 235 187 205 171 98 189 145 110 110 187 162 68 4,268 26,934

Mar 2,714 1,410 1,045 1,372 839 1,041 966 769 748 723 561 793 545 476 373 660 369 390 315 416 255 301 446 286 257 270 230 236 154 193 182 141 132 177 144 93 99 141 135 50 3,977 24,424

2008 Apr 2,826 1,589 1,203 1,433 1,095 1,086 1,038 830 947 746 599 851 687 289 355 595 390 442 404 520 447 328 479 296 300 365 254 233 190 230 235 193 152 193 139 86 110 171 157 71 4,525 27,079

May 2,951 1,564 1,362 1,449 1,009 1,034 897 987 784 721 597 731 644 354 432 491 361 349 413 387 370 314 536 254 241 287 248 216 228 204 185 174 158 202 170 122 132 147 156 69 4,253 26,183

Jun 3,026 1,412 1,396 1,314 1,103 1,023 958 862 823 742 734 710 544 524 511 510 444 425 412 397 396 383 377 313 306 276 246 234 205 200 184 178 161 156 151 142 141 138 137 132 4,347 26,673

Note * Figures may include citizens of Montenegro in the absence of separate statistics available for Serbia and Montenegro.

24

Total 19,468 8,665 7,421 9,370 6,265 6,334 6,232 5,193 4,816 4,609 4,044 4,591 3,648 2,330 2,460 3,570 2,204 2,473 2,176 2,603 1,850 1,976 2,608 1,733 1,719 1,716 1,477 1,466 1,248 1,189 1,179 1,053 839 1,070 893 644 738 970 895 476 25,676 159,887


Asylum Levels and Trends in Industrialized Countries, First Half 2008

Table 15. Top-40 countries of origin by main asylum region, second quarter 2008 Sort order based on June data. Industrialized countries (44 countries) Origin April May June Total Iraq 2,826 2,951 3,026 8,803 China 1,589 1,564 1,412 4,565 Somalia 1,203 1,362 1,396 3,961 Russian Fed. 1,433 1,449 1,314 4,196 Afghanistan 1,095 1,009 1,103 3,207 Pakistan 1,086 1,034 1,023 3,143 Serbia* 1,038 897 958 2,893 Mexico 830 987 862 2,679

Origin Iraq Somalia Russian Fed. Afghanistan Serbia* Pakistan Nigeria Eritrea Islamic Rep. of Iran

Europe (38 countries) April May June 2,708 2,829 2,919 1,156 1,292 1,337 1,364 1,314 1,196 1,055 964 1,068 996 857 937 998 948 936 866 725 762 551 550 691 692

669

689

2,050

676

595

577

1,848

European Union (27 countries) Origin April May June Iraq 2,055 2,014 2,071 Russian Fed. 1,286 1,207 1,122 Somalia 990 1,073 1,102 Pakistan 990 935 925 Afghanistan 865 819 879 Serbia* 808 713 781 Nigeria 774 642 651 Sri Lanka 567 462 444 Syrian Arab Rep. 292 381 437 Islamic Rep. of Iran 431 422 436

348 551 240 396

419 466 302 394

501 472 444 403

1,268 1,489 986 1,193

Zimbabwe Turkey Mali Georgia

Total 8,456 3,785 3,874 3,087 2,790 2,882 2,353 1,792

Nigeria Islamic Rep. of Iran

947

784

823

2,554

746

721

742

2,209

Eritrea Sri Lanka Haiti Zimbabwe Syrian Arab Rep.

599 851 687 289

597 731 644 354

734 710 544 524

1,930 2,292 1,875 1,167

355

432

511

1,298

350

392

1,170

595

491

510

1,596

Mali Dem. Rep. of the Congo

428

Turkey

402

313

380

1,095

India Dem. Rep. of the Congo Georgia Colombia Mali Armenia Bangladesh Guinea C么te d'Ivoire El Salvador Ethiopia Algeria Stateless Cameroon United States Sudan Ghana Guatemala

390

361

444

1,195

China

536

409

377

1,322

442 404 520 447 328 479 296 300 365 254 233 190 230 235 193 152 193

349 413 387 370 314 536 254 241 287 248 216 228 204 185 174 158 202

425 412 397 396 383 377 313 306 276 246 234 205 200 184 178 161 156

1,216 1,229 1,304 1,213 1,025 1,392 863 847 928 748 683 623 634 604 545 471 551

Armenia Bangladesh India C么te d'Ivoire Guinea Algeria Stateless Sudan Ghana Ethiopia Cameroon Viet Nam Uzbekistan Azerbaijan Burundi Albania Congo

307 430 232 275 258 226 175 171 138 99 158 154 67 129 51 110 79

290 507 221 219 216 214 206 153 148 125 126 133 105 126 50 101 82

355 334 300 285 279 226 194 159 153 137 137 122 119 114 113 112 106

952 1,271 753 779 753 666 575 483 439 361 421 409 291 369 214 323 267

Myanmar

139

170

151

460

80

92

105

277

86 110 171 157 71 4,525 27,079

122 132 147 156 69 4,253 26,183

142 141 138 137 132 4,347 26,673

350 383 456 450 272 13,125 79,935

Senegal Libyan Arab Jamahiriya Angola Morocco Lebanon Egypt Other Total

68 125 64 111 67 2,601 20,138

94 91 71 116 75 2,291 19,248

102 99 98 93 90 2,318 20,231

264 315 233 320 232 7,210 59,617

Uzbekistan Egypt Viet Nam Albania Burundi Other Total

Sri Lanka Syrian Arab Rep. Turkey Zimbabwe Georgia

Note * Figures may include citizens of Montenegro in the absence of separate statistics available for Serbia and Montenegro.

25

Total 6,140 3,615 3,165 2,850 2,563 2,302 2,067 1,473 1,110 1,289

232 486 427 377

298 423 349 382

432 419 389 362

962 1,328 1,165 1,121

Eritrea

283

299

360

942

Armenia Dem. Rep. of the Congo

302

289

348

939

378

281

339

998

512 427 220 256 221 210 130 145 117 153 151 120 46 104 79 76 104

389 500 213 211 205 197 144 118 145 125 119 116 44 96 82 90 79

336 332 295 267 250 205 149 130 121 116 115 109 106 104 104 102 93

1,237 1,259 728 734 676 612 423 393 383 394 385 345 196 304 265 268 276

60

76

90

226

57 64 98 69 65 2,333 17,360

65 81 107 76 71 2,072 16,410

90 89 89 88 83 2,087 17,047

212 234 294 233 219 6,492 50,817

China Bangladesh India C么te d'Ivoire Guinea Algeria Ghana Cameroon Stateless Viet Nam Sudan Azerbaijan Burundi Albania Congo Senegal Angola Libyan Arab Jamahiriya Morocco Uzbekistan Lebanon Ethiopia Egypt Other Total


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