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Textile Effects

TERASIL速 Disperse dyes for polyester and its blends

Textile Competence


TERASIL

1.0%

Flavine 8GFF

0.6%

Yellow 4G

1.8%

Brown 2RFL

1.0%

Orange 2GS 200%

0.8%

Orange 5RL 150%

1.4%

Red 4GN

1.2%

Red R

1.3%

Red G 150%

TERASIL SD (safe and rapid dyeing) 0.75%

Yellow SD

1.2%

Red SD-01

1.2%

Blue SD


C.I. Disperse

Energy level

Chemical class

Artificial light Tungsten

Ye 82

M

Cum

RR

Ye 211

M

Pyr

RR

Or 30

H

Azo

RR

Or 95

H

Azo

Br RR

Or 45

H

Azo

YY

Re 153

H

Azo

YY

Re 324

M

Azo

YY

mix

L

Azo AQ

YY

mix

M

Pyr Quin

RR

mix

M

Azo

Br RR

mix

M

Azo AQ

Br GG


Xenon lamp

Dry heat Coverage (30s at of 180˚C/356˚F) barriness

1/12 1/1

PES 1/1

3 4

3–4

6–7 7

3

7 7

4

5 5–6

4–5

6 6–7

4

3–4 4–5

4

6 6–7

3–4

6 6–7

2–3

7 7–8

3–4

5–6 6

3–4

5–6 5–6

3–4

Stability to reduction

Stability to metal ions


pH stability

Sodium acetate and acetic acid

Ammonium sulfate and formic acid

Ammonium sulfate and soda ash

4.0–5.0

4.0–7.0

3.0–6.0

3.0–6.0

3.0–7.0

3.0–7.0

7.0–8.0

3.0–7.0

3.0–7.0

7.0–9.0

3.0–7.0

3.0–7.0

7.0–8.5

3.0–7.0

3.0–7.0

7.0–10.5

3.0–7.0

3.0–7.0

7.0–9.5

3.0–7.0

3.0–7.0

7.0–10.0

3.0–6.0

3.0–6.0

3.0–6.0

3.0–7.0

7.0–8.0

3.0–6.5

3.0–7.0

7.0–8.0


Suitability for

Rapid dyeing

Printing

Carrier

Acetate Triacetate PES/WO


TERASIL and NOVACRON C

TERASIL and NOVASOL

TERASIL and NOVACRON

two-bath TERASIL and NOVACRON C

TERASIL and NOVASOL

LS Superfast

TERASIL and SOLOPHENYL

one-bath

Exhaust pad-steam

Thermosol pad-batch


Washing 40°C / 104°F ISO 105-C06 postset, 30s at 180°C / 356°F PES 100% PES / CO (67 / 33) CA CO PA PES

Washing 49°C / 120°F AATCC 61, 2A postset, 30s at 180°C / 356°F PES 100% PES / CO (67 / 33) CA CO PA PES

4–5 4

5 5

4–5 4

5 5

4 2–3

5 5

3–4 2–3

5 5

5 5

5 5

5 5

5 5

5 4

5 5

5 4

5 5

4–5 4

5 5

5 4–5

5 4–5

3–4 2–3

5 5

4–5 4

5 4–5

5 4–5

5 5

5 4–5

5 4–5

4 3–4

5 4–5

4 3–4

4–5 4

4–5 4

5 5

4–5 4–5

5 5

3–4 2–3

5 4–5

4 3–4

5 4–5

4–5 4

5 5

4–5 3–4

4–5 4–5

3–4 2–3

5 5

3 2

4–5 4–5

4–5 4

5 5

4 3

4–5 4–5

3–4 3

5 5

3 2–3

4–5 4

4–5 3–4

5 5

4–5 3–4

4–5 4–5

3–4 2–3

5 4–5

3–4 2–3

4–5 4–5

5 4–5

5 5

5 4–5

5 5

4–5 4

5 5

4–5 4

5 5

4 3

5 4–5

4 3–4

4–5 4–5

3 2–3

5 4–5

3 2–3

5 4–5

4 3–4

5 4–5

4 3–4

4–5 4

3–4 3

5 4–5

3 2–3

4–5 4


Washing 60°C / 140°F ISO 105-C06 C2S postset, 30s at 180°C / 356°F PES 100% PES / CO (67 / 33) CA CO PA PES

Perspiration, alkaline ISO 105 E04 postset, 30s at 180°C / 356°F PES 100% PES / CO (67 / 33) CA CO PA PES

3–4 4

5 5

3 3

5 5

4 3–4

4 3–4

4 3–4

4–5 4

5 4–5

5 5

5 4–5

5 5

5 4

5 4–5

5 4

5 4–5

4 3

5 5

4–5 4

5 4–5

4–5 4–5

5 4–5

4–5 4–5

5 4–5

4 3

5 4–5

4 3

4–5 4

5 5

5 5

5 5

5 5

3–4 3

5 4–5

4 3–4

5 4–5

5 4–5

5 4–5

4–5 4–5

5 4–5

3–4 3

5 5

3 2–3

4–5 4–5

4–5 3

5 4

5 4

5 4–5

4 3

5 5

2–3 2

4–5 4

4–5 3–4

5 3–4

4–5 3

5 4

3–4 2–3

5 5

3–4 2–3

4–5 4–5

5 4

5 4

5 4

5 4

5 4

5 5

4–5 3–4

5 5

4–5 3

5 4

4–5 3–4

5 4–5

3–4 2–3

4–5 4

3 2–3

4–5 4

4–5 3–4

4–5 3–4

4–5 3–4

4–5 4

3–4 2–3

4–5 4

3 2–3

4–5 3–4

5 4

5 4–5

4–5 4

5 5


TERASIL

2.7%

Red FBN conc

1.2%

Rubine 2GFL

0.9%

Red 3BL-01 150%

2.0%

Violet BL-01 150%

1.3%

Blue 3RL-02 150%

0.5%

Blue BG-02 200%

2.0%

Blue GNN-01 200%

3.5%

Blue BGE-01 200%

2.0%

Blue 3R-02

2.7%

Navy BGLN 200%

2.3%

Navy GRL-C 200%


C.I. Disperse

Energy level

Chemical class

Artificial light Tungsten

Re 60

L

AQ

YY

Re 167.1

H

Azo

YY

Re 82

M

Azo

YY

Vi 57

H

AQ

RRD

Bl 56

L

AQ

RRD

Bl 165

H

Azo

RRD

mix

H

Azo AQ

GGD

Bl 60

M

AQ

GG

mix

M

Azo AQ

DD

Bl 130

H

Azo

RD

Bl 79.1

H

Azo

GGD


Xenon lamp

Dry heat Coverage (30s at of 180˚C/356˚F) barriness

1/12 1/1

PES 1/1

6–7 6

2

7 7

4–5

6–7 7

3–4

6–7 7

4–5

6–7 6–7

3

5–6 5–6

4–5

6–7 7

4

7 7–8

3–4

5–6 6

4

N 5–6

N 4–5

N 6

N 4

Stability to reduction

Stability to metal ions


pH stability

Sodium acetate and acetic acid

Ammonium sulfate and formic acid

Ammonium sulfate and soda ash

3.0–7.0

3.0–7.0

7.0–9.5

3.0–6.0

3.0–7.0

7.0–8.0

3.0–5.5

3.0–6.5

3.0–7.0

3.0–7.0

7.0–9.5

3.0–7.0

3.0–7.0

7.0–8.5

3.0–6.5

3.0–7.0

7.0–8.5

3.0–6.0

3.0–7.0

7.0–8.0

3.0–7.0

3.0–7.0

7.0–8.5

3.0–7.0

3.0–7.0

7.0–8.5

3.0–6.0

3.0–7.0

7.0–8.5

4.0–5.5

3.0–7.0

7.0–7.5


Suitability for

Rapid dyeing

Printing

Carrier

Acetate Triacetate PES/WO


TERASIL and NOVASOL TERASIL and NOVACRON C

two-bath TERASIL and NOVARON C

TERASIL and NOVARON

TERASIL and NOVASOL

LS Superfast

TERASIL and SOLOPHENYL

one-bath

Exhaust pad-steam

Thermosol pad-batch

– – –


Washing 40°C / 104°F ISO 105-C06 postset, 30s at 180°C / 356°F PES 100% PES / CO (67 / 33) CA CO PA PES

Washing 49°C / 120°F AATCC 61, 2A postset, 30s at 180°C / 356°F PES 100% PES / CO (67 / 33) PES CA CO PA

4 3

5 4–5

4 3

4–5 4–5

2–3 2

4–5 4–5

2–3 2

4 3–4

4–5 3–4

5 5

4–5 4

4–5 4–5

3 2

5 4–5

3–4 2

4–5 3–4

4 3

5 5

4–5 3–4

4–5 4

2–3 1–2

5 5

3 2–3

4–5 4

4 3

5 5

4–5 3–4

4–5 4–5

3 2

5 5

3–4 2

4–5 4

4–5 3–4

5 5

4–5 3

5 4–5

3–4 2–3

4–5 4–5

3–4 2

4–5 4–5

4 3–4

5 4–5

4 3–4

4–5 4

3 2

5 4–5

3–4 2

4 3–4

4–5 3–4

5 4–5

4–5 3–4

4–5 4

3–4 3

5 4–5

3–4 3

4–5 4

5 4–5

5 5

5 4–5

5 5

4–5 4–5

5 5

4–5 4–5

5 5

4–5 3–4

5 4–5

4–5 3–4

4–5 4

3–4 2

5 4–5

3–4 2

4–5 3–4

4 4

4–5 4–5

4 3–4

4 3–4

3 2

4–5 4–5

3 2–3

3–4 3

4 3–4

4–5 4–5

4 3–4

4 3–4

3 2

4–5 4

3 2

3–4 3


Washing 60°C / 140°F ISO 105-C06 C2S postset, 30s at 180°C / 356°F PES 100% PES / CO (67 / 33) CA CO PA PES

Perspiration, alkaline ISO 105 E04 postset, 30s at 180°C / 356°F PES 100% PES / CO (67 / 33) PES CA CO PA

2–3 2

4–5 4–5

2–3 2

4 4

4–5 4

5 4–5

5 4–5

5 4–5

3 2–3

5 4–5

3 2–3

4–5 4

5 3–4

5 4

5 4

5 4

3 2

5 5

3–4 2–3

4–5 4

4 3

4–5 4

4–5 3

4–5 3–4

3 2

5 5

3–4 2–3

4–5 4

5 4–5

5 5

5 4–5

5 5

3–4 2–3

4–5 4–5

3–4 2–3

4–5 4

5 4–5

5 4–5

4–5 4–5

5 4–5

3 2–3

5 4–5

3 2–3

4 3–4

5 4–5

5 4–5

5 4–5

5 4–5

3–4 3

5 4–5

3–4 3

4–5 4

5 4–5

5 4–5

5 4–5

5 4–5

5 4–5

5 5

5 4–5

5 5

5 4–5

5 4–5

5 4–5

5 4–5

3–4 2–3

5 4 –5

3–4 2

4–5 3–4

5 4–5

5 4–5

5 4–5

5 4–5

3 2–3

4–5 4–5

3 2–3

4 3

4–5 3–4

4–5 4

4–5 4

5 4–5

3 2–3

4–5 4

3 2–3

3–4 3

4–5 3

4–5 3–4

4–5 3–4

5 4


TERASIL

Liquid form

1.8%

Navy NFR

2.8%

Black BFE

2.8%

Black MAW

2.8%

Black BFR

3.8%

Black SRL-01 200%

3.8%

Black SRLN 200%

TERASIL LF (very high light fastness)

0.9%

Yellow LF

2.7%

Red LF

1.6%

Blue LF

(SRLN LIQ 75%)


C.I. Disperse

Energy level

Chemical class

Artificial light Tungsten

mix

M

Azo

GStr

mix

M

Azo

R

mix

M

Azo

RR

mix

M

Azo

Y

mix

H

Azo

R

mix

H

Azo

R

mix

L

Pyr Quin

RR

mix

H

Azo AQ

YY

mix

M

AQ

GG


Xenon lamp

Dry heat Coverage (30s at of 180˚C/356˚F) barriness

1/12 1/1

PES 1/1

N 6

N 3

Bk 6

Bk 3

Bk 6

Bk 3

Bk 6

Bk 3

Bk 6–7

Bk 4

Bk 6–7

Bk 4

7–8 7–8

3–4

7–8 7–8

4

7–8 7–8

3–4

Stability to reduction

Stability to metal ions


pH stability

Sodium acetate and acetic acid

Ammonium sulfate and formic acid

Ammonium sulfate and soda ash

3.0–7.0

3.0–7.0

7.0–9.0

3.0–7.0

3.0–7.0

7.0–9.5

3.0–7.0

3.0–7.0

7.0–9.5

3.0–7.0

3.0–7.0

7.0–9.5

3.0–6.5

3.0–7.0

7.0–7.5

3.0–6.5

3.0–7.0

7.0–7.5

3.0–6.0

3.0–6.0

3.5–6.0

3.5–6.0

3.0–7.0

3.0–7.0

7.0–8.5


Suitability for

Rapid dyeing

Printing

Carrier

Acetate Triacetate PES/WO


TERASIL and NOVACRON C

TERASIL and NOVASOL

two-bath TERASIL and NOVACRON C

TERASIL and NOVACRON

TERASIL and NOVASOL

LS Superfast

TERASIL and SOLOPHENYL

one-bath

Exhaust pad-steam

Thermosol pad-batch


Washing 40°C / 104°F ISO 105-C06 postset, 30s at 180°C / 356°F PES 100% PES / CO (67/33) CA CO PA PES

Washing 49°C / 120°F AATCC 61, 2A postset, 30s at 180°C / 356°F PES 100% PES / CO (67 / 33) CA CO PA PES

4–5 4

5 4–5

4–5 3–4

4–5 4

4 2–3

4–5 3–4

3 2

3–4 3

4 3–4

5 4–5

4 3–4

4 3–4

3 2–3

5 4–5

3–4 2–3

4 3

4 3–4

5 4–5

4 3–4

4 3–4

3 2–3

5 4–5

3–4 2–3

4 3

4 3–4

5 4–5

4 3–4

4 3–4

3 2–3

5 4–5

3–4 2–3

4 3

3–4 3

4–5 4–5

3–4 3–4

3–4 3–4

2–3 2

4 4

3 2

3–4 3

3–4 3

4–5 4–5

3–4 3–4

3–4 3–4

2–3 2

4 4

3 2

3–4 3

5 4

5 5

5 4

5 5

5 4

5 5

4–5 3–4

5 5

3 3

4 4

3 3

5 4–5

2 2

4–5 4–5

2 2

4–5 4–5

5 3–4

5 4–5

4–5 3

5 4–5

4 3

5 4–5

3–4 2–3

5 4


Washing 60°C / 140°F ISO 105-C06 C2S postset, 30s at 180°C / 356°F PES 100% PES / CO (67 / 33) CA CO PA PES

Perspiration, alkaline ISO 105 E04 postset, 30s at 180°C / 356°F PES 100% PES / CO (67 / 33) CA CO PA PES

4 2–3

4–5 3–4

3 2

4 3

5 4–5

5 4–5

5 4–5

5 4–5

3–4 2–3

5 4–5

3 2

3–4 3–4

3–4 3–4

5 4–5

3–4 3–4

4–5 4–5

3–4 2–3

5 4–5

3 2–3

3–4 3

5 3–4

5 4–5

5 3–4

5 4–5

3 2–3

5 4–5

3–4 2

4–5 3–4

4–5 3–4

4–5 4–5

4 –5 3–4

5 4–5

2–3 2

4 4

2–3 2

4 3

4–5 4–5

4–5 4–5

4–5 4–5

5 5

2–3 2

4 4

2–3 2

4 3

4–5 4–5

4–5 4–5

4–5 4–5

5 5

5 4

5 5

4–5 3–4

5 5

4–5 5

5 5

4–5 4–5

5 5

2 2

4–5 4–5

2 2

4 4

4 3–4

4–5 4

3–4 3–4

4 4

4 3

5 4–5

3 2–3

5 4–5

5 4–5

5 4–5

5 4

5 5


Abbreviations

Energy level L = low M = medium H = high Chemical class AQ = Anthraquinone BZD = Benzodifuranone Cum = Coumarin Nitro = Nitrodiphenylamine Pyr = Pyridone Quin = Quinoline Shade change in artificial light Y = yellower

W = weaker

G = greener

Str = stronger

R = redder Bl = bluer

D = duller Br = brighter

YY = considerably yellower GG = considerably greener RR = considerably redder DD = considerably duller Performance = very good = good = moderate Suitability = highly recommended = recommended = limited – = not recommended


Notes


Exhaust dyeing

Dyeing of 100% polyester Standard HT method

°C

°F

140

284

130

266

120

248

110

230

100

212

90

194

80

176 158

70 1–2°C/min

0.3–0.8 0.5–1.0 3.0 3.0–4.0 x

g/l g/l g/l g/l %

20–60 min

cool down or HT drop

ALBAFLOW ® UNI or SF PLUS UNIVADINE ® DPL or TOP ALBATEX ® AR (if required) ALBATEX ® AB-45* TERASIL® dye

pH 4.0 dyeing at 130–135°C/266–275°F for 20–60 min (depending on depth of shade) Reduction clear 4.0 ml/l caustic soda 36°Bé/66°Tw (40% w/v) 2.0 ml/l sodium hydrosulfite conc. powder 1.0 g/l ERIOPON® OS

} or 3–4 g/l ERIOPON RC** ®

10–20 min at 70°C/158°F Rinse and neutralize.

**

Recommended procedure: add to the cooling dyebath at about 80°C and treat for 20 min without adjusting the pH (product is effective under acid conditions).

* Note: if ALBATEX® AB-45 is not available, the addition of 2 g/l ammonium sulfate is necessary. The pH value must be adjusted to 4–5.


Exhaust dyeing

Dyeing 100% polyester Alkaline dyeing method

°C

°F

140

284

130

266

120

248

110

230

100

212

90

194

80

176 158

70 1–2°C/min

0.3–0.8 0.5–1.0 3.0 1.0–2.0 x

g/l g/l g/l g/l %

20–60 min

cool down or HT drop

ALBAFLOW ® UNI or SF PLUS UNIVADINE ® DPL or TOP ALBATEX ® AR (if required) ALBATEX ® ALK TERASIL® dye

dyeing at 130–135°C/266–275°F for 20–60 min (depending on depth of shade) Reduction clear 4.0 ml/l caustic soda 36°Bé/66°Tw (40% w/v) 2.0 ml/l sodium hydrosulfite conc. powder 1.0 g/l ERIOPON® OS 10–20 min at 70°C/158°F Rinse and neutralize. Following TERASIL dyes are recommended for alkaline dyeing with ALBATEX ALK: Orange 5RL 150%, Orange P-GL, Red FBN conc., Red R, Red 4GN, Blue 3RL-02 150%, and Navy NFR (for deep navies), Black MAW and Black BFR (for deep blacks)


Exhaust dyeing

Dyeing 100% polyester Rapid dyeing method ˚C 140

˚F 284

130

266

120

248

110

230

100

212

90

194

80

176

70

2–6˚C/min

0.3–0.8 0.5–1.0 3.0 3.0 x

g/l g/l g/l g/l %

5–20 min

cool down or HT drop

ALBAFLOW UNI or SF PLUS (jet), or UNIVADINE DPL, TOP ALBATEX AR (if required) ALBATEX AB-45 TERASIL dye

Dye at 130–135°C / 266–275°F for 5–20 min (depending on depth of shade) Rinse: warm and cold Reduction clear

158


Exhaust dyeing

Dyeing polyester/cellulose blends One-bath method with TERASIL and SOLOPHENYL dyes ˚C

˚F

130

266

120

248

110

230

100

212

90

194

80

176

70

158

60

140

50

122

40 0

10

50

80

115

104 130 min

A/B C/D

A

1–40 1.0 0.5 1.0–2.0

g/l g/l g/l g/l

Glauber’s salt ALBATEX DS or DBC ALBAFLOW UNI or SF PLUS ALBAFLUID CD

B

0.5–1.0 3.0–4.0

g/l g/l

UNIVADINE TOP ALBATEX AB-45

C D

x y

% %

TERASIL dye SOLOPHENYL dye

Dye at 130–135°C / 266–275°F for 20–60 min (depending on depth of shade) Rinse: 2 x 10 min, cold

˚C 80

˚F 176 158

60 PES/Viscose PES/CO

40

104 68

20

0

0 0

10

40

min

A

A

1.0–3.0

%

ALBAFIX ECO or ALBAFIX FRD

Adjust to about pH 6.0. ALBAFIX ECO can also be applied by padding together with a resin. Further information see pocket card SOLOPHENYL® No 162004


Exhaust dyeing

Dyeing polyester/cellulose blends LS Superfast method with TERASIL and NOVACRON LS dyes ˚C 140

˚F 284

130

266

120

248

110

230

100

212

90

194

80

176

70

158

60

140

50

122

40 0 10

50

80

110 120 130

A/B/C

D pH 5–6

> 10.5

Glauber’s salt soda ash NaOH 36°Bé / 66°Tw E NaOH 36°Bé NaOH 66°Tw

D Soda ash

C ** Glauber’s salt anhydrous

A

g/l

g/l

g/l

g/l

ml/l

<0.5

3– 4

0.5

20–25

5

2.5

0.5–1

3– 4

0.5–1.5

25–30

5

2.5

1–1.5

3– 4

1.5–2

30–35

5

2.5–3

1.5–2

3– 4

2

35–40

5

3

2–2.5

3– 4

2

40–45

5

3–4

>2.5

3– 4

2

45

5

4

%

104 min

E

>9

C D E UNIVADINE TOP

B

ALBATEX AB-55*

B

TERASIL dye /auxiliaries NOVACRON LS dye NOVACRONS LS

A

170

Note:

To determine the additions, the amount of NOVACRON LS must be calculated on the cellulose component. Example: 50/50 PES/CO = 0.5% NOVACRON LS – see 1% in the table 67/33 PES/CO = 0.5% NOVACRON LS – see 1.5% in the table * or in each case, 3 g/l monosodium phosphate. ** Glauber’s salt anhyd.: If Glauber’s salt cryst. (Na2SO4.10H2O) is used, the amount of salt must be doubled.


LS Superfast washing-off procedure rinse for 10 min at 50 °C / 122°F ➋ neutralize for 10 min at 70 °C / 158°F (0.7–1% acetic acid) ➌ soap for 10 min at 90 °C / 194°F with 0.5–2 g/l ERIOPON OS ➍ soap for 10 min at 90 °C / 194°F (only deep shades) ➎ rinse for 10 min at 70 °C / 158°F ➏ rinse for 10 min cold

Dye selection Yellow 4G Brown 2RFL Red 4GN Red R Rubine 2GFL Blue 3RL-02 150% Blue BG-02 200% Navy NFR Black BFE/BFR

for brilliant shades trichromatic elements or brilliant shades for brilliant shades trichromatic elements trichromatic elements for brilliant shades only for navy shades only for black shades

Dyeing polyester/cellulose blends Two-bath method with TERASIL and NOVACRON Warm or Hot dyes • Dyeing the polyester component see standard HT method (100% PES) Reduction clear, if necessary 4.0 ml/l caustic soda 36°Bé / 66°Tw (40% w/v) 2.0 g/l sodium hydrosulfite conc. powder 1.0 g/l ERIOPON OS 10–20 min at 70°C / 158°F Rinse and neutralize. • Dyeing the cellulose component please see NOVACRON® FN ePaC 120003e and NOVACRON® Hot pocket card 132003e


Exhaust dyeing

Dyelng polyester/wool blends

One-bath method with TERASIL and LANASET dyes ˚F 284

˚C 140 130

30–45 min at 120˚C/248˚F

266

120

248

110

230

100

212 60–90 min at 106˚C/223˚F

90

194 1.5˚C/min

80

176

70

158

60

140

50

122

40

104

30

86 A

A B

B

C

0.3 1.0 0.5 4.0

g/l g/l % %

x v

% g/l

ALBAFLOW CIR sodium acetate powder (see i) ALBEGAL SET MIRALAN HTW or MIRALAN HTP (at 120°C / 248°F, see i) acetic acid 80 % UNIVADINE PB (see i and ii) (diffusion accelerant)

pH 4.5 C

y % TERASIL dye z % LANASET dye adjust pH to 4.5 if necessary

Dye at 120°C / 248°F for 30–45 min (standard method) or at 106°C /223°F for 60–90 min (depending on depth of shade) Rinse Comments (i) When dyeing at 120°C / 248°F, 4% MIRALAN HTW or MIRALAN HTP must be added to protect the wool fiber. If MIRALAN HTP is added, 3 g/l sodium acetate powder should be used instead of 1 g/l. On some types of polyester, an addition of UNIVADINE PB improves the uptake of disperse dyes. (ii) When dyeing at 106°C / 223°F, a carrier must be added to ensure optimum dyeing yield and levelness of PES fibers. Carrier selection and amount depend on the type of polyester fiber and should be determined in preliminary trials.


Notes


Continuous dyeing of PES / CEL

Dyeing the polyester component: pad-thermosol Pad: x g/l TERASIL dye y g/l NOVACRON C or NOVASOL dye 10 g/l THERMACOL MP or PT 2 g/l LYOPRINT RG (for NOVACRON C only) 1 g/l ALBAFLOW PAD pH 6.0–6.5 with acetic acid Pick-up:

50–70%

Pre-dry:

with IR, residual moisture approx. 30%

Dry:

120°C / 248°F

Thermosol:

210–220°C 410–428°F, 30–60s

Dyeing the cellulose component • Pad-batch with NOVACRON C dyes Pad:

Method C1 70 15–33

resp. resp. resp.

C3 70 ml/l sodium silicate 38°Bé/66°Tw 4–16 ml/l caustic soda 36°Bé/66°Tw

12–24 h at 25°C / 77°F

Pick-up:

70–80%

Batch:

6–12 h

resp.

Wash off:

box 1: box 2: box 3: box 4: box 5: box 6:

70°C / 158°F 80°C / 176°F 96°C / 205°F with 2 g/l ERIOPON OS 96°C / 205°F 80°C / 176°F 25°C / 77°F

Dry:

120–130°C / 248–266°F


• Pad-steam with NOVACRON C dyes (see also NOVACRON C pattern card 140001) Pad:

200–250 g/l 15 ml/l 20 g/l

common salt caustic soda 36°Bé / 66°Tw soda ash

Pick-up:

70–80%

Batch:

30–60s

102°C/216°F saturated steam

Wash off:

box 1: box 2: box 3: box 4: box 5: box 6:

70°C / 158°F 80°C / 176°F 96°C / 205°F with 2 g/l ERIOPON OS 96°C / 205°F 80°C / 176°F 25°C / 77°F

Dry:

120–130°C / 248–266°F

• Pad-steam with NOVASOL dyes (see also NOVASOL pattern card 3400) Pad:

a b 1–3 5

ml/l ml/l g/l g/l

sodium hydrosulfite caustic soda 36°Bé / 66°Tw ALBATEX OR sodium nitrite (see i)

Pick-up:

70–80%

Batch:

30–60s

102°C / 216°F saturated steam

Wash off:

box 1: box 2: box 3: box 4: box 5: box 6:

25–40°C / 77–104°F 50–60°C / 122–140°F (see ii) 50–60°C / 122–140°F (see iii) 98°C / 209°F (see iv) 70–80°C / 158–176°F rinsing 25–40°C / 77–104°F rinsing

Dry:

120–130°C / 248–266°F

Comments i) When dyeing with NOVASOLNON Blue RSJ, Blue GFJ and Navy DB-01 ii) Oxidize with 3–5 ml/l hydrogen peroxide 30% iii) Oxidize with 3–5 ml/l hydrogen peroxide 30% and 1.5 ml/l acetic acid 80% iv) Soap with 2 g/l ERIOPON OS and 1 g/l soda ash


Dyeing auxiliaries

ALBATEX® ECO fixative Formaldehyde-free and zinc-free. Prevents migration after dyeing. Protects dye/fiber bonf. Cationic.

ALBAFLOW® SF PLUS penetration accelerant Penetration accelerant. Mineral-oil-free product with reinforced foam control properties. APEO- and solvent-free. Contains no silicone oil, or silicate. Nonionic.

ALBAFLOW® UNI penetration accelerant Versatile penetration accelerant with excellent deaerating, wetting and durable antifoam properties for dyeing and pretreatment applications on natural and synthetic fibres. APEOand solvent free, nonionic.

ALBAFLUID® A lubricant Lubricant for very sensitive or heavy fabrics. Prevents creases, cracks and abrasion marks for all fibers in piece dyeing with no adverse effect on stability of the dyebath. Improves runability and leveling. Extremely stable to a wide pH range and high electrolyte concentrations, easy dosable. Anionic.

ALBAFLUID® CD lubricant Reduces creasing in piece dyeing. Markedly reduced textile-to-textile friction. Prevents cracks and abrasion marks. No adverse effect on the stability of the dyebath. No retarding effect. Pumpable. Anionic/nonionic.

ALBATEX® AB-45 acid buffer No pH setting needed. Excellent buffer capacity and therefore high reproducibility with pH sensitive disperse dyes is assured. Anionic.

ALBATEX® AB-55 Acid buffer with excellent buffer capacity for dyeing at pH 5.5. Especially designed for dyeing of PES/CEL blends in one-bath process. No extra addition of acid required. Non foaming. Anionic.

ALBATEX® AR reduction inhibitor Prevents reduction of disperse dyes in fully flooded machines or when dyeing in presence of reducing agents. Improves shade reproducibility and yield. Anionic.

ALBATEX® DBC protective colloid Dyebath conditioner. Prevents precipitation of Ca, Mg in the water or on the textile. Promotes the levelness of the dyeing and improves the appearance of the dyed goods. Binds heavy metal ions in the water. Anionic.

ALBATEX® DS protective colloid Dyebath conditioner. Prevents precipitation of Ca, Mg in the water or on the textile. Improves the appearance of the dyed goods. Binds metal ions in the dyebath. Has a “softening effect” in the water. Washing off agent for reactive dyes. Anionic.

ALBATEX® OR leveling agent Promotes leveling and penetration of vat dyes without impairing final exhaustion. Nonionic.

ALBEGAL® SET Leveling agent for dyeing of wool with LANASET dyes. Amphoteric.

ERIOPON® OS afterclearing agent Low foaming washing agent for disperse and vat dyes. Pumpable formulation. Clean shades, good rubbing and wet fastness. Reduces cross-staining with PES/CEL. Also suitable for reduction afterclearing. Nonionic.


ERIOPON® RC A crucial component of the PESquick concept. Reduction clearing agent, allows aftertreatment under acid conditions at the end of the dyeing process (at 80°C in the residual dyebath). Reduced processing time allows increase of production capacity.

LYOPRINT® RG reduction inhibitor/oxidizing agent Prevents reduction of reactive dyes in HT dyeing cycles. Protects reactive dyes against reduction during fixation with saturated steam. Suitable for smooth and controlled oxidation of vat dyes. Anionic.

MIRALAN® HTP Fiber protecting agent. Allows dyeing of WO/PES at 120°C/248°F. Free of formaldehyde. Anionic.

THERMACOL® MP/PT migration inhibitor Highly effective migration inhibitor for use in drying, intermediate drying and wet storage of piece goods. Prevents listing and two sidedness in continuous dyeing with TERASIL, NOVASOL, and NOVACRON dyes. Washes off easily. Anionic.

UNIVADINE® DPL dispersing agent Outstanding dispersing properties throughout the whole HT dyeing process. Especially suitable in package dyeing. No dye retention. Anionic.

UNIVADINE® PB diffusion accelerant This diffusion accelerant is especially recommended for polyester blends. Allows dyeing of PES fibers at lower temperatures or shorter dye cycles. Promotes on-tone build-up. Correcting of faulty dyeings. Anionic.

UNIVADINE® TOP leveling, dispersing and migration agent Excellent leveling and dispersing effects. Good stability to electrolytes, preventing dye agglomeration. Good rubbing fastness. No dye retention. Reduces staining of cellulosic fabric. Anionic.


Edition 2008 Copyright © 2008 Huntsman. All rights reserved. All trademarks mentioned are registered trademarks of Huntsman Corporation or an affiliate thereof in one or more, but not all countries. IMPORTANT: The following supersedes Buyer’s documents. Sales of the product described herein («Product») are subject to the general terms and conditions of sale of either Huntsman Advanced Materials LLC, or its appropriate affiliate. Huntsman warrants that at the time and place of delivery all Products sold to Buyer shall conform to the specifications provided to Buyer by Huntsman. While the information and recommendations included in this publication are, to the best of Huntsman’s knowledge, accurate as of the date of publication, NOTHING CONTAINED HEREIN (EXCEPT AS SET FORTH ABOVE REGARDING CONFORMANCE WITH SPECIFICATIONS PROVIDED TO BUYER BY HUNTSMAN) IS TO BE CONSTRUED AS A REPRESENTATION OR WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO ANY WARRANTY OF MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE, NONINFRINGEMENT OF ANY INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY RIGHTS, OR WARRANTIES AS TO QUALITY OR CORRESPONDENCE WITH PRIOR DESCRIPTION OR SAMPLE, AND THE BUYER ASSUMES ALL RISK AND LIABILITY WHATSOEVER RESULTING FROM THE USE OF SUCH PRODUCT, WHETHER USED SINGLY OR IN COMBINATION WITH OTHER SUBSTANCES. No statements or recommendations made herein are to be construed as a representation about the suitability of any Product for the particular application of Buyer or user or as an inducement to infringe any patent or other intellectual property right. Buyer is responsible to determine the applicability of such information and recommendations and the suitability of any Product for its own particular purpose, and to ensure that its intended use of the Product does not infringe any intellectual property rights. The Product may be or become hazardous. The Buyer should obtain Material Safety Data Sheets and Technical Data Sheets from Huntsman containing detailed information on Product hazards and toxicity, together with proper shipping, handling and storage procedures for the Product, and should comply with all applicable governmental laws, regulations and standards relating to the handling, use, storage, distribution and disposal of, and exposure to the Product. Buyer shall also take all steps necessary to adequately inform, warn and familiarize its employees, agents, direct and indirect customers and contractors who may handle or be exposed to the Product of all hazards pertaining to and proper procedures for safe handling, use, storage, transportation and disposal of and exposure to the Product, and the containers or equipment in which the Product may be handled, shipped or stored. Please note that products may differ from country to country. If you have any queries, kindly contact your local Huntsman representative.

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