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Arable

AHDB Recommended Lists for cereals and oilseeds 2018/19 Growers wanting a bit of reading material over the festive period can spend time browsing the AHDB Recommended Lists for cereals and oilseeds 2018/19, which have recently been announced. This year the Lists have gained 22 new varieties, and 27 varieties have been removed. The new varieties added to the 2018/19 Lists demonstrate continued improvements in yield, disease resistance and quality, reports the AHDB. Newly listed varieties potentially benefit the biscuit wheat market, and the soft and hard feed sectors. The North region gains four new oilseed rape varieties. Improvements in the agronomic performance of a UK OSR variety with turnip yellows resistance enables better integrated management of this disease. The numbers of future malting and brewing varieties have been increased in both spring and winter barley, while for feed barley growers there are improvements both in yield, and specific weight.

Winter wheat The UK biscuit (Group 3) wheat area has become worryingly low in recent years. This has resulted in low supplies to the domestic and export markets. Generally lower bread milling premiums have created a competitive opportunity for Group 3s in the market. The Group 3 variety, Elicit is new to the 2018/19 Recommended List to help fill this market segment. Elicit boasts a combination of high yields and disease resistance. Of particular note is Elicit’s septoria tritici rating which is the highest of all the Group 3 varieties, and only exceeded by six varieties on the whole of the Recommended List. Additionally, Elicit has good resistance to other diseases, including yellow rust and brown rust. As a result Elicit also has the highest untreated yield of this group.  There have also been steady improvements in feed wheat with two new soft and two new hard feed varieties listed. These varieties are the highest yielding varieties in their groups. The new soft feed wheats also provide opportunities for grain distilling and, in the case of one, potential for export too. Soft Group 4 KWS Jackal is a high yielding variety with a recommendation for the North. The variety is medium for distilling 8

4 variety that is stiff-strawed and has a maturity similar to other hard Group 4 varieties including KWS Kerrin, KWS Crispin and Dunston. The variety has resistance to OWBM. It also has very good resistance to yellow rust (8) and good resistance to brown rust (6), however mildew (4) will require attention. Gleam is also a high yielding hard Group 4 variety. It is stiff-strawed with good resistance to yellow rust (7), septoria tritici (6.2), brown rust (6) and mildew (6). With resistance to OWBM, the variety has a high untreated yield similar to Graham and is similar in maturity to JB Diego.

KWS Jackal is a high yielding variety with a recommendation for the North.

and maturity is similar to Viscount. It is stiff-strawed with very good resistance to yellow rust (9) and good resistance to mildew (7). It also has resistance to orange wheat blossom midge (OWBM). Elation is a high yielding soft Group 4 variety that is good for distilling and has UKS. Maturity is similar to Viscount, it is stiff-strawed with very good resistance to yellow rust (9) and good resistance to mildew (7) and brown rust (6). The variety has resistance to OWBM. Two new hard feed varieties have also been added to the Recommended List. RGT Gravity is the highest yielding variety on the Recommended List. It is a hard Group

Gravity from RAGT is the highest yielding wheat on the RL.

Gleam is a high yielding hard Group 4 variety from Syngenta.

which is recommended for the North region. It has a high Northern gross output, very stiff stems, is relatively early maturing (5) and has good resistance to light leaf spot (7). Broadway is a conventional variety that performs well in the North with a high gross output for this region. A stiff-strawed variety with good resistance to light leaf spot (7), it is however slightly later maturing. Butterfly is a conventional variety recommended for the North region where it has a high gross output. It is a short, stiff variety with good resistance to both light leaf spot (6) and phoma stem canker (7), however is slightly later maturing. Architect is a hybrid variety that replaces Amalie on the list as the special variety with resistance to TuYV. With a higher gross output than that of the yield control, it has stiff straw and is early maturing (6). It also has good resistance to light leaf spot (6).

Oilseed rape Winter oilseed rape varieties are presented on a single UK table for the first time with varieties differentiated by region. This year’s Recommended List sees the addition of four new conventional varieties for the North region. These varieties are high yielding in this region with short, stiff stems and all have good resistance to light leaf spot. A new variety, with resistance to turnip yellows virus (TuYV) has been recommended and replaces Amalie on the Recommended List. While there is often a trade-off between disease resistance and increased yield, it marks a step forward in TuYV resistant varieties. Elevation is a conventional variety which is recommended for the North region. It is relatively early maturing (5) and combines a high gross output for the North with short, stiff straw and good resistance to light leaf spot (6). Kielder is a conventional variety

Architect is a hybrid OSR variety that replaces Amalie on the List as the special variety with resistance to TuYV.

Winter barley Two new two-row malting varieties (under test) have been added to the Recommended List. Electrum is a high yielding tworow malting variety, stiff-strawed, continued over...

Electrum is a high yielding two-row malting variety.

New RL varieties at a glance Winter Wheat Elicit (Gp 3) KWS Jackal (Soft Gp 4) Elation (Soft Gp 4) RGT Gravity (Hard Gp 4) Gleam (Hard Gp 4)

OSR Elevation (N) Kielder (N) Broadway (N) Butterfly (N) Architect (TuYV)

W Barley Electrum Coref Belmont KWS Astaire Libra

S Barley LG Diablo LG Tomahawk RGT Asteroid

Oats RGT Southwark (winter) Delfin (spring) Oliver (spring) Kamil (spring)

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