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December 29 2017 | £3.25 |




Sheep in Canada’s freezing winter

Sustainability a core focus in the US corn belt

Challenges facing Iceland’s dairy farms




GOING GLOBAL ● EU farmers want UK trade deal

● Continental concerns over CAP

By Abi Kay AS UK farming embarks on its last full year as a member of the European Union, this week’s special edition of Farmers Guardian looks at some of the challenges and opportunities posed by Brexit. But it is not just British farmers who must adapt to grow after almost half a century of life under Common Agricultural Policy rules. With Britain playing a major role in global food trade, leaving the bloc will undoubtedly affect those outside our shores, such as the Dutch farmers who provide so much poultry meat, cheese, fruit and vegetables for hungry British shoppers, as we find out on page 16. Brexit aside, this week’s magazine shows how the everyday challenges faced by British farmers are much the same around the world. In Sweden, dairy farmers are concerned about animal welfare legislation putting them at a competitive disadvantage.

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Holland’s farmers want a stable EU-UK trade deal post-Brexit.

Across the EU, farmers are putting vast amounts of effort into environmental work, only to be told it is not good enough by the powers that be.

And in Brazil, the steady rise of non-meat protein threatens even the most competitive of beef industries. So as British farmers gear up for the biggest change to agriculture

since World War II, we hope there is much to be learned from the shared experiences of our international colleagues, which we explore in the following pages.

27/12/2017 09:40

Targeted approach secures large-scale success in Australia. See p19-21.


December 29 2017 2


Brazilian beef sector under pressure, plus digital age for ag tech at Brussels event



We take a look at Iceland’s thriving dairy industry


Insight into farming in Switzerland

Sweden’s dairy dilemma


Dutch producers’ views on Brexit


A targeted approach secures long-term success for Australian farm


Arable farming and big business on the US corn belt


Festive sales round-up from around the UK



Making sheep work in snow-covered Canada

94 IN YOUR FIELD 94 WEATHER 95 CROSSWORD 96 YOUNG FARMER FOCUS Ebba Engstrom from Stockholm, Sweden


Behind the scenes at Fendt’s Marktoberdorf factory


10-page special on the latest tech to prepare fields

Moving Up



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Find out what life is like for Marina Boller who farms in Switzerland.

2 | DECEMBER 29 2017

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CATTLE THRIVING IN RWANDA VET Robert Howard has just returned from Africa where he worked alongside charity Send a Cow, which is helping to establish a thriving rural agricultural sector in Rwanda. Mr Howard, of Scarsdale Vets in Derbyshire, said: “My role in helping to train local vets and animal health workers provides locals with the expertise and skills they need to best care for cattle. They will then go on to train other workers, who oversee five to eight different farms in the region, passing on this knowledge.”

NFU teams up with police and CPS to fight hare coursers By Lauren Dean POLICE have joined forces with the Crown Prosecution Service (CPS) and the NFU as part of a crackdown on illegal hare coursers. Police said reports in Cambridgeshire had increased nearly 40 per cent and had led to the force encouraging farmers and landowners to dial 999 to ensure an immediate response. NFU deputy president Minette Batters said while there had been a more general increase in rural crime, hare coursing caused ‘incredible cost and damage’ to farm businesses. She said a rise in threatening behaviour, violence and intimidation, had led to a culture of underreporting to police. “In our recent rural crime report, we laid out how important a joined up approach is from all aspects of the Government, police and justice system to tackle these issues,” Mrs Batters said. “Six months on, this remains the case. “It is critical for farm businesses there is consistency in both policing and sentencing and the NFU will

The fines are pathetic SANDRA WARREN continue to push for this as the path forward.” During the meeting, Mrs Batters emphasised the need for a dedicated rural police team in each force and a Government cross-departmental rural crime task force to provide more consistent policing and sentencing and avoid ‘criminal tourism’. Cambridgeshire police community support officer Sandra Warren added: “You have to have all your evidence, so not only is it where they catch the hare coursers, but follow-ups of statements, any photographic evidence and witnesses we may have, and then the guys have to put their files together. “That all has to go to the CPS to see if they are going to run with it, and if they do then it goes to court. “The fines are pathetic really.”

27/12/2017 09:41

UK will not drop food tariffs unilaterally, says Gove rMove could have

hurt livestock sector By Abi Kay DEFRA Secretary Michael Gove has said the UK will not drop tariffs on food unilaterally if no free trade agreement with the EU can be reached. Mr Gove made the remarks when giving evidence to the Environment, Food and Rural Affairs Select Committee. Industry chiefs had feared the trade liberalisation option was on the table after it became clear the Department for International Trade was considering it in the event of a no-deal scenario. Several studies have shown a unilateral drop in tariffs would be catastrophic for UK farmers, with prices across all commodities plummeting as cheap imports from the rest of the world flooded into the country.

in maintaining the health of rural societies and rural areas.”

Ring-fenced Mr Gove also batted away concerns about Defra’s strength and ability to shape future trade policy, pointing out agriculture was one of only two areas where spending had been ring-fenced until 2022 and the Industrial Strategy promised a food and drink sector deal. “Defra punches above its weight and has the extra muscle,” Mr Gove said. “We have already done it with the Industrial Strategy and we have already done it with financial support, so we would do it with a trade deal.”

Committee hearing round-up Defra Brexit impact assessments n MICHAEL Gove and Farming Minister George Eustice were criticised by MPs after they admitted Defra’s Brexit impact assessments would not be published before the Agriculture Bill, due in spring. Mr Eustice said the department would be carrying out its own sector-by-sector analysis of the impact of a variety of different Brexit scenarios ‘in the next year’. Department for Exiting the EU (DxEU) sectoral analysis n ALTHOUGH Mr Gove suggested

MPs read DxEU’s sectoral analysis, he was unable to say how much of the report on food and drink was already in the public domain. “It is interesting and useful, but how much of it is in the public domain I cannot know,” he said. No bespoke EU-UK trade deal n THE EU chief negotiator’s recent remarks about the UK not getting a bespoke trade deal were dismissed by Mr Gove. “What Michel Barnier said at the beginning of stage one was not the position the EU signed up to at the end of stage one,” he said.

Asked whether he would be fighting for tariffs to be maintained or dropped if no EU-UK deal could be agreed, Mr Gove said: “My assumption and my preference would be we would maintain tariffs in order to ensure we did not have the sort of change occurring in agriculture which would lead to disruption which would be unhelpful for reasons of continuity of supply and health in the industry. “It is the view, not just of the team in Defra, but of most observers, that if you reduce tariffs, you reduce prices, but you create particular challenges for the livestock sector and the red meat sector. “The livestock sector and the red meat sector, whether in Wales or Scotland, are often a critical part



LOOKING BACK ON 2017 This year will be seen as a strange and contradictory year in many ways. Yields were high but the weather was dismal. Prices were better for most commodities but only because the currency was so weak. Milk prices went down when they should have gone up and the uncertainty of Brexit continued to swirl. Little would the children in this post-harvest photograph near Dundee realise that by Christmas the bale they were sitting on would be nearly worth its weight in gold. Prices have already peaked at £130 per tonne for winter and spring barley straw, up from about £60 last year. NFU livestock board chairman Charles Sercombe predicted 2017/2018 could be ‘a very long winter’, adding: “Supply and demand are completely out of balance at the moment.”


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Farmers Guardian, Unit 4, Fulwood Business Park, Caxton Road, Fulwood, Preston, Lancashire, PR2 9NZ Editor Ben Briggs, 01772 799 429 Head of News & Business Olivia Midgley, 01772 799 548 Chief Reporter Abi Kay, 01772 799 511 Business Reporter Alex Black, 01772 799 409 News and Business Reporter Lauren Dean, 01772 799 520 Head of Arable Teresa Rush, 01787 282 822 Senior Arable Specialist Marianne Curtis, 07815 003 236 Arable Specialist Abby Kellett, 01772 799 476 Head of Machinery & Farm Technology James Rickard, 01772 799 496 Machinery & Farm Technology Specialist Richard Bradley, 01772 799 446 Head of Livestock Katie Jones, 07786 856 439 Head of Livestock Sales Angela Calvert, 07768 796 492 Livestock Specialists Laura Bowyer, 01772 799 432 Alex Robinson, 01772 799 450 Head of Features & Events Producer Danusia Osiowy, 01772 799 413 Group Head of Content, Briefing Media Agriculture Emma Penny, 01772 799 401 Head of Content Solutions Vickie Robinson, 01772 799 411 Head of Creative Services Gillian Green, 01772 799 417 Deputy Head Content Editor Katie Haydock, 01772 799 405 Picture Editor Theresa Eveson, 01772 799 445 Photographer Marcello Garbagnoli, 01772 799 427 Advertising Phone 01772 799 500 Fax 01772 655 190 Circulation Subscription hotline 0330 333 0056 Newstrade enquiries 01772 799 434 Subscription rates: UK £145 a year, Europe £180, RoW £225 News trade distribution Seymour Distribution Ltd, 2 East Poultry Avenue, London, EC1A 9PT. Tel 0207 429 4000, Fax 0207 429 4001

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Bayer hits back at pollution allegations r74 per cent of rivers

Bayer said it was difficult to verify BugLife’s raw data.

‘tested positive’ By Abi Kay

BAYER Crop Science has hit back at intensified calls for a full ban on neonicotinoids after traces of the chemicals were detected in rivers across the UK. In 2016, the Environment Agency, Scottish Environment Protection Agency and Natural Resources Wales sampled 23 sites for the presence of neonicotinoids for the first time, and found 74 per cent of the rivers tested positive. There are no official neonicotinoid concentration limits for water, but scientists exploring the impact of the chemicals on aquatic insects have set out ‘chronic’ and ‘acute’ levels in their research. Using these measurements, environmental charity BugLife claimed eight rivers exceeded the chronic limit and two exceeded the acute limit, with the River Waveney through Norfolk and Suffolk the most heavily affected. Higher concentrations of thiamethoxam were also found in the Wensum in Norfolk, leading the charity to point the finger at sugar beet fields as the probable source. But Dr Julian Little, head of government affairs at Bayer, told



Farmers Guardian the company ‘absolutely disputed the conclusions drawn’, and explained it was difficult to verify the raw data BugLife had used. “In reality, the fact you can find tiny amounts of pesticide in a river should not be a surprise,” he said.

Limit “Looking at the information from the Environment Agency, they detected clothianidin in eight river catchments 410 times over the year, but only on 22 occasions did it exceed an arbitrary limit of one microgram per litre of river water. “We are somewhat puzzled by the observation that 15 of the 22 occasions

were in the River Waveney catchment area, with the other seven spread among the other seven catchment areas studied; similarly with thiamethoxam. “So from our perspective, a need to understand what is strange about this river catchment compared to the rest of the UK is the critical outcome. “The moral outrage from BugLife is to be expected, but since there appears to be no correlation between areas where neonics are used and where they appear in rivers, and the UK Government’s own Biodiversity Indicator data suggest the numbers of bees, butterflies and hover flies in England have stabilised since 2009, it is important to put these figures into perspective.”

Green payments failing to boost environmental performance PAYMENTS designed to encourage farmers to ‘go green’ have only altered about 5 per cent of farming practices across the EU, despite previous attempts to enhance environment and climate-related performance. A new report by the European Court of Auditors said the greening direct payment, brought into action with the 2013 reform of the Common Agricultural Policy (CAP), has instead only added more complexity to the system. Samo Jereb, member of the European Court of Auditors responsible for the report, said: “Greening re-

mains essentially an income support scheme. “As currently implemented, it is unlikely to enhance the CAP’s environmental and climate performance significantly.”

Objective Greening was designed to reward farmers for having a positive impact on the environment which would otherwise not be rewarded by the market, and is the only direct payment with a wholly environmental objective. The auditors carried out interviews with authorities in Greece, Spain,

France, the Netherlands and Poland but found the European Commission had not developed a complete intervention logic nor had it set clear ‘sufficiently ambitious’ environmental targets for the scheme to achieve. It said greening was unlikely to provide significant benefit to the environment and climate because a significant share of the practices subsidised ‘would have been undertaken anyway without the payment’. NFU vice-president Guy Smith said productive, profitable and progressive farming businesses would instead be best placed to deliver more for the environment.

27/12/2017 09:44

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20/12/2017 12:21


Warning issued over tougher health and safety penalties rUse winter to

Now is a good time to give machinery a service.

review policies By Lauren Dean

FARMERS have been urged to recognise a breach of health and safety rules could lead to substantial fines or a two-year prison sentence, with some businesses already having been caught out. The Health and Safety Sentencing Guidelines, updated in early 2016, prompted fines to be calculated on farm business turnover, and takes into account the level of culpability, the risk of causing harm and the level of potential harm. Several Health and Safety Executive (HSE) investigations this year have led to separate fines of more than £115,000 for failure to take adequate precautions, no planning

l l l

and no supervision. Agricultural risk expert Richard Wade, of Lycetts Risk Management Services, said farmers who were lax with procedures should ‘expect to feel the full force of the law’.

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Farm businesses with a turnover of up to £2 million should expect to pay fines of up to £450,000, and larger businesses could be even harder hit. Judges could only previously impose custodial sentences in very specific circumstances, with fines limited to £20,000. It came as Strutt and Parker farm consultant and health and safety specialist David Canty said

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Use appropriate signage in the workplace, including speed restrictions, warnings about vehicle movements or signs alerting people to the dangers of overhead cables Always turn radios off in cabs when moving around. When leaving machinery, turn it off and remove keys from the ignition Lay heavy objects flat, or place them on pallets so they can be moved easily When working at height, ensure there is a safe means of access to get up and down, with safety rails in good working order Source: Strutt and Parker

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farms and estates should use the New Year as an opportunity to make health and safety a ‘priority aspect’ of their business. He said fatal incident statistics for agriculture equated to 7.73 deaths per 100,000 workers compared to 1.94 in construction. “The quieter winter months are a good time to review the policies and procedures that you have in place,” Mr Canty said. “It is also an opportunity to service and repair equipment that has worked hard and to get jobs done that have been put on the ‘to-do list’ during busier times of the year.”

MPs slam rural bank closures

Visit enter HAFG174 or call 0330 333 0056 quote HAFG174 FG 2017 Q3 series 1 QP FG 95Wx135H HAFG174 (beef).indd 1

He said: “The significantly higher fines illustrate how seriously courts are taking health and safety breaches on farms and show what farmers can expect if they take shortcuts. “These guidelines are meant to act as a deterrent. Farmers should be aware lapses in judgement, or a failure to take a proactive approach to safety, could cripple operations.”


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MPs have slammed a series of bank closures which have left rural communities without any local branch. Ian Blackford, MP for Ross, Skye and Lochaber, sponsored a parliamentary debate on the recent closure of 321 Royal Bank of Scotland branches. Thirteen towns in Scotland will be left with no bank as a result, despite RBS promising never to take away a town’s last bank in 2010. Mr Blackford said: “Individuals and businesses rely on the access in person to banking services. Why did we save RBS, if there is no recognition there is a liability on the bank to serve its customers and communities?”

20/09/2017 09:58

In the debate, MPs explained how during previous rounds of closures, banks had advised people to use post offices for their banking needs, only for the post offices to close six months later. Others were advised to visit neighbouring branches, which were also closed shortly afterwards. RBS said the latest closures were necessary because of a 40 per cent drop in usage since 2014, as well as a 41 per cent increase in mobile and online banking. But Mr Blackford disputed the claims, adding RBS tried to paint these branches as a ‘relic of the past’ when some handled more than 25,000 transactions each year.

27/12/2017 10:11

Political corruption has added to the strain on the Brazilian beef sector.




A more relaxed tour based in one picturesque lakeside resort on Lake Garda for the full duration. Sightseeing visits to Venice, Verona & the Dolomite Mountains with agricultural visits around the lake & in the Po Valley.



Combines the countryside & agriculture of Normandy & Brittany with the grandeur of the Palace of Versailles & Paris in addition to Mont Saint Michel, the Bayeux tapestry & D-Day landings plus a evening dinner cruise on the Seine.

Brazil beef sector under pressure rBeef farmers could

switch to crops By Olivia Midgley

POLITICAL turmoil, pressures from non-meat protein and the rotten meat scandal have weighed heavily on the Brazilian beef sector in 2017 and there will be further challenges afoot for the world’s largest commercial herd. In an exclusive interview with Farmers Guardian, Ian Hill, chief executive of one of the country’s most successful enterprises Agropecuaria Jacarezinho, said the sector was failing to see the productivity improvements of others such as soybean and sugar cane. With external factors adding another layer of pressure to the beef industry – predominantly made up of Nelore (Bos Indicus) cattle – some may be forced to sell up or switch to crop production. “As the cattle business becomes more competitive those who are at a disadvantage will automatically sell or rent their farms for agriculture [crops] as we have seen during the last wave of agricultural development,” said Mr Hill. With increasing pressure on land use and stringent environmental obligations on the country’s farms, producers would be forced to seek gains offered by genetics, but Mr Hill doubted this route would be taken up across the board. “Ground beef is a major destination for much of the beef and in greater proportion for low quality animals,” he added. “Stem cell beef and other forms of artificial meat grown in laboratories is now becoming a reality. It has a

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lighter footprint and will soon be used more in major lines of hamburgers either in its entirety or mixed. “This will certainly affect red protein values and we will see a need for higher productivity utilising improved genetics. Those who do not adapt will be driven out of business.” Mr Hill said corruption involving the country’s politicians and processing sector had added to the strain on prices. “It has been an exceptionally turbulent year for the world’s largest commercial herd,” he added.

Collapse “First there were the sanitary scandals at the beginning of the year putting all the export trade (20 per cent of the total production) at risk, and this was followed by the JBS scandal where the owners of the world’s largest protein processors taped their conversations about paybacks from Brazilian banks and bribery involving politicians and senior members of the judiciary. This led to their imprisonment and partial collapse of their empire here in Brazil. “Another price collapse obviously followed as plants were closed down causing general mayhem and imbalance of demand within the sector.” But how was this likely to affect producers in the long-term? Mr Hill added: “Perhaps Brazilian cattle farmers will learn from this and understand that they are producers of commodities where margins are small so need to concentrate on improving productivity and dilute costs. “Then again, this might all be forgotten with a next wave of improved beef prices, or surge in land prices when Brazil scraps laws that prohibit foreign investors from buying land.”


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The beauty of this region of America is consistently on display throughout this tour. Cattle ranching, dairy, sheep and arable farming are all featured in our itinerary, in addition to cowboy traditions of the American frontier.



Varied agricultural visits including beef, dairy, arable & vegetables combined with historic Krakow & Warsaw and a sobering visit to Auschwitz-Birkenau Memorial, make this an extremely interesting tour of this fascinating country.



2 nights in Imperial Vienna followed by 7 nights in our hotel overlooking beautiful Wolfgangsee, make this another relaxing tour. A short cruise along the Danube, tours of Salzburg and Vienna, combined with agricultural visits, show beautiful Austria off to its very best.



The best this spectacular region of North America has to offer, from Vancouver Island to Lake Louise & from The Rockies to the sprawling prairie, this tour has it all. Combined with the prolific agricultural regions of the Fraser Valley and Alberta plus The Calgary Stampede, “the Greatest Outdoor Show on Earth”, make this a magnificent tour.



A shorter tour to the Stampede, with a 2 night stop at Banff in the magnificent Rocky Mountains plus agricultural visits on the Prairie plus the Razzmatazz of the Stampede.


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GRAND CANYON & LAS VEGAS 7th to 20th October

San Francisco, Las Vegas, Long Beach & San Diego, combined with magnificent sightseeing visits to Yosemite & Grand Canyon National Parks in addition to the intensive agriculture of the Central Valley, make this tour a must.

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20/12/2017 14:26


New digital age for ag tech rData must be used

to boost innovation By Ben Briggs

FARMING was entering a new age of development which would be as significant as the arrival of the first tractor or the green revolution. That was the claim of Vik Vandecaveye, advanced data analyst at CNH Industrial, who said agriculture’s latest revolution would be underpinned by advances in digital technology. Speaking at a European Network of Agricultural Journalists (ENAJ) and European Agricultural Machinery Association event at the Agribex

trade fair, Brussels, Mr Vandecaveye said: “Data is so important as agricultural machinery is the biggest generator of data on a farm. “In Europe we talk about ‘ag industry 4.0’ and it will be based on digital farming, which allows real-time management systems, automation, and improved processes through the supply chain.”

Benefit Suggesting this was the fourth stage of agricultural development (see panel), Mr Vandecaveye acknowledged there was a reluctance by some farmers to embrace new technology as they could not see the benefit in doing so. And there was also a debate

Four development stages of agriculture 1 2 3 4

Mechanisation Green revolution Precision agriculture Digital farming

raging about who owned the data generated on-farm and how it should be treated by companies such as CNH. He said: “The farmer owns the data and [can say] who has access to it. However, accessing this data is proving to be a block to innovation.” Manufacturers were drawing up a code of conduct to set rules on how data should be handled, he added.

And with modern tractors already using more than 90 per cent of the technology which would exist on a fully autonomous machine, he said the next challenge was to develop external sensors which allowed a driver-less machine to safely navigate its environment.

Exciting “Autonomous tractors will make farming more attractive to job seekers as it will be an exciting sector to be in,” he concluded. AGRIBEX TRADE FAIR Ben Briggs was at the Agribex trade fair and ENAJ event, Brussels, in his role as chairman of the British Guild of Agricultural Journalists.

Digital, autonomous farming is predicted to be the next leap in the industry after precision techniques.

Farms must invest in tech-savvy youngsters to boost business INVESTING in tech-savvy young people could lead the way in removing the barriers which are preventing the industry unlocking its digital potential. This was the call from the owners of Hof ten Bosch, a Bayer ForwardFarming site in Brussels, Belgium, who said educating and inspiring the next generation was key to growing agri businesses. The 140-hectare (345-acre) arable farm uses precision farming and digitisation to help produce one third of all potatoes used for crisps in Brussels. Jan Peeters, who manages the farm with his brother Josse, said: “The average age of farmers in Belgium is 55. In order to assure a sustainable future for farming, we 8 | DECEMBER 29 2017

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have to find ways to include younger generations.” Philipp-Andreas Schmidt, who represents Bayer at the European Institutes on digital farming and digital policy issues, said the company was working on three objectives to help farmers work in a more targeted and efficient manner.

Potential He said mobile phone technology carried ‘huge potential’ and had a positive effect on agriculture through its use of real time information and an ability to improve decision-making. It came as new research by Rural England and Scotland’s Rural College (SRUC) found nearly four out of five businesses saw digital

Many young farmers are taking over management responsibilities and digital technologies will play an ever more important role PHILIPP-ANDREAS SCHMIDT

technologies as essential to their future growth potential. Mr Schmidt said: “As the demographic of farming changes, many young farmers are taking over management responsibilities and digital technologies will play an ever more important role. “We are sharing a lot of the information we gather from our scouting apps to help scientists understand what is growing in the field, how weeds grow and move, how often or frequent they do so and how this changes over time. “Young farmers expect to be able to use the same technologies and have similar connectivity to people in urban areas. Certainly this is critical to encourage young people to remain in agriculture.”

20/12/2017 11:34

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Ben Briggs, Editor – 01772 799 429 –

The EU doesn’t hate the UK, it just wants us to hurry up

And finally... All the best for the New Year. The first FG of 2018 is set to be a bumper edition, with a sheep and lambing special getting the year off to a hopeful start.

GOD bless Brexit when you are in a room full of European journalists, because at least you know the conversation will never flag. Between our country’s lurch away from Brussels and Donald Trump’s bombastic style of presidency, there was much to keep the debate going during the Agribex trade fair, Brussels, I attended earlier in December (see p8). And outside the bubble of political aficionados obsessed by Brexit, the mood towards the UK was less antagonistic than I had expected. Machinery traders were interested in our split from the EU, but it was not uppermost in their minds. As one major manufacturer and exporter told me, ‘Brexit is on our desk, but farmers in the UK and elsewhere are not speaking to us about it’. It might not quite be business as usual, but it is becoming clear the Brexit process could potentially rumble on for a decade or more before British farmers find their framework of support radically altered.


Adopting such a long-term view is tough when large sections of the pro-remain national press hysterically declare each stage of the negotiations as a disaster, yet negotiations as massive as Brexit are not going to happen quickly, after all. We must also not forget that Europe needs the UK, not just the other way round. There was tangible concern among some European commentators about what the Common Agricultural Policy will look like without the UK’s financial contribution, with some fearing certain countries were not in a position to properly make up the shortfall. Brexit will not be easy or quick, but to be in Brussels was to be reminded of the bureaucratic mire competing member states are operating in as they seek, ultimately, to protect the interests of their own people under the umbrella of European idealism. There is a whole world out there for the UK to trade with and what we need in 2018 is the political will to make it happen. Let’s hope in the last full year before Brexit, this is exactly what we do.

Jonathan Baker, senior policy adviser, CLA and 2017 Nuffield scholar

Make the most of British farming FARMERS have a tendency to focus on the negative and this appears truer than ever in light of ongoing events. On my Nuffield travels I saw British farming from a new perspective and could see much to be positive about. In South Korea, policymakers and farmers lamented the lack of tourism infrastructure in the countryside. Farmers therefore have few opportunities to diversify into recreation activities, something which provides many in the UK with additional income. In a similar vein, the loss of pubs, schools and post offices in Britain’s rural areas is well known. What we often forget is this is a trend across the rich world and other countries are faring worse. 10 | DECEMBER 29 2017

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In Japan, I visited villages emptied by the receding tide of an older, smaller population. The Government is trying, unsuccessfully, to stop this by providing young people with rent and jobs to encourage them to move to the countryside. High rural house prices are a problem in the UK, but they attest to the enduring attractiveness of rural life here. Japan is the world’s largest importer of food and food safety is its single biggest concern, something rarely discussed in Europe. A reliance on imports and small, often part-time farmers, means Japanese consumers are often exposed to unsafe products. Our systems mean consumers are confident in the safety of British food, something the sector should be proud of. New Zealand’s politicians see a

There is likely to be support for environmental work, says Jonathan Baker.

plausible future where increasing protectionism threatens their access to major markets, including the US and China. Regardless of our future trading relationship with the EU, British farmers have 67 million wealthy and hungry consumers to target. It is a luxury not afforded to all. Environmental regulation was a common feature in all countries. All farms in Brazil are required to keep at least 20 per cent of their land as native vegetation.

There is no Government support available for doing so and, in theory, the authorities pursue those who do not comply through the courts. In the UK, the future will almost certainly see funding available to those who want to enhance the environment. Other farmers see ever growing sticks, but few carrots in sight. As we enter a new, defining year for UK farming, we should focus less on the bad and more on how we can make the most of what is good about British farming.

20/12/2017 14:29

Write Letters to the Editor, Farmers Guardian, Unit 4, Caxton Road, Fulwood, Preston, Lancashire, PR2 9NZ Facebook Twitter @farmersguardian Email




The final 0.8 hectares (two acres) of sugar beet are taken at G.T. Morris’ North Carlton Cliff, Lincoln, for British Sugars’ Bardney factory, in January 1993. The beet harvest generally progressed well with national output about 1.35 million tonnes, slightly above average.

We need to fix the label fiasco I THOUGHT I would send you these [Rosedene Farms apple packets, below], so you could per-

haps play a bit of festive spot the difference. As a beef and sheep farmer, I consider myself a bit anal when it comes to reading labels, but I missed these while buying snacks for the children in my day job as a teaching assistant, as they were all in the same box.

Is it not time we sorted out the labelling fiasco? Cath Morrilly, Overton, Wrexham.

PCR test for TB ‘IT is obvious there is minimal political will to even efficiently control the scourge of bTB’, writes David Denny (Letters, FG, December 8). This is abundantly evident in the Government’s ‘25-year strategy’ to control the disease. The only certainty is the architects of this strategy will be out of office, or even dead, before it has been found to fail. In the 15 years between 1960, when testing of all cattle was made compulsory but with less stringent regulations than we have now, and 1975, far greater strides were made towards eliminating bTB than are required now, so why 25 years? It is a disgrace the publicly funded polymerase chain reaction test for TB, developed and validated by Prof Elizabeth Wellington at Warwick University, is not being used. Why is there no outcry from the anti-badger culling fraternity when the test could be proving how many badgers are actually TB-free? John Tuck, Swindon, Wiltshire.

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Tariff truths ALL speculation about the future is ignoring reality. In the 1930s, American imports bankrupted unprotected farming here and in Europe. Now it is a protected, and always will be, main exporter, all within a few days’ transport. All other exporting countries help their farmers in various ways and do not harm them. Lower taxation, other political policies and climate make their costs lower than ours. Since the 1930s, farm mechanisation, containerisation, bulk handling and the huge increase in the size of ships make it easy to produce large surpluses which can be transported cheaply, and are going to be encouraged to flood in here tariff free – not allowing us even the little protection World Trade Organisation rules could give. All the mass of needless rules are going to be kept, adding to costs, deliberately harming us in every way and massively handicapping us – there was none of this in the 1930s. Obviously, so many farmers are going to be forced out. There will not be enough trade to keep the businesses we defend ongoing; no farmers can survive without them. Farming is being deliberately destroyed. C.V. Cateaux, Goodwick, Pembrokeshire. DECEMBER 29 2017 | 11

20/12/2017 11:36

INSIGHT Higher animal welfare standards in Sweden are failing to prevent declining milk consumption as consumer habits change, as Tom Levitt reports.

Sweden’s DAIRY dilemma


amous for her children’s books the celebrated Swedish author Astrid Lindgren had another lasting impact on Swedish culture - namely with its cows. Under an animal welfare law established in the late 1980s, Swedish cattle must be able to graze outdoors for three months of the year. The law was the culmination of a personal campaign on animal welfare by Mrs Lindgren, who disliked many of the trends in the dairy sector at the time, including artificial insemination and livestock permanently housed indoors. Her protests culminated in a visit by the then Swedish Prime

Minister to her home to explain the new legislation. Today, the law is at the centre of the debate over the future of dairy, and particularly milk, in the country.

Restrictive As consumer eating habits change, the importance of milk in the diets of Swedes is declining. Restrictive legislation on farming practices, argue some, is preventing Swedish farmers competing with Denmark and other European countries which do not have similar grazing rules. Prof Christel Cederberg, a sustainable food expert at Chalmers University, Gothenburg, said: “If

you have 400-600 cows it is difficult to have them out on pasture. “Conventional farmers say the rules are too hard. The farmers might not have them indoors, but they do not want the rule. “They say, ‘look at Denmark or the UK. In Denmark, Arla pays more to farmers for keeping cows outdoors, but in Sweden it is the law’.” Joakim and Anna-Carin Aaby-Ericsson run a large dairy farm in Vaxjo, southern Sweden. Their herd is 600-strong, having risen from just 60 when they took over the farm from Joakim’s father in 2002. While envious of the scale of dairy farm enterprises and ease of

This [pasture] is what you can grow here. It makes use of the sun and climate. So many places in Sweden you can only grow grass ANDERS CARLSSON 12 | DECEMBER 29 2017

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Much like in the UK, Sweden’s dairy farms are vital to the country’s landscape, but their future is under threat.

ADAPTING TO CONSUMER SWEDISH consumers may like grazing livestock but attitudes to milk and dairy are changing. Including yoghurt, which is often consumed as a drink in Sweden, milk consumption, has fallen from 154kg per capita in 1990 to 112kg in 2014. The dairy sector as a whole must react to this shift, said Thomas Magnusson, a member of the board of directors at The Federation of Swedish Farmers, the main representative body for agriculture in the country. “In the past you drank milk as nothing else. Today, consumers have so much choice they look at price and everything else, so if you are going to be successful you must invest in new products and communication,” said Mr Magnusson. “You cannot tell consumers what to drink. They must choose it themselves. You must show

legislation in the US, they say antibiotic use in the country is higher and animal health is better in Sweden, with dairy farms more spread out. For Sweden’s smaller dairy farms, the worry is those with larger herds are sending their cows out

Milk’s competition THE greenhouse gas emissions associated with the livestock sector has been heavily attacked by a fast-growing Swedish dairy alternative company called Oatly. ‘Ditch the cows, drink an oatbased alternative and save the planet’, has been the gist of its marketing messaging. It produced 28 million litres of oat milk in 2016 and plans to have a capacity of 100m by 2020, with

20/12/2017 14:22



TRENDS consumers why they should drink milk and why they should give it to children.” For Mr Magnusson, one of Swedish dairy farming’s biggest selling points is how it is produced. “There is a strong trend to buy natural products and those where farmers take care of livestock,” he added.

Landscape He said consumers also care about maintaining pasture landscape in Sweden, which is largely dominated by forest. He said consumers would pay a little more for farmers protecting this but, ‘only if they see it is good for them’.” Anna and Anders Carlsson, who run a 240-cow organic dairy farm in Skogsgard in the south west of Sweden, say they are taking care of the landscape yet receiving little recognition from consumers. They live close to one of the

for exercise, rather than to graze on pasture. Stefan Runasson, who runs a dairy herd of 60 milking cows in southern Sweden, said: “If they are not following the rules consumer confidence will fall.”

all the oats for its European market sourced from Sweden. Its marketing tactics have drawn criticism from dairy farmers and even legal action from a Swedish dairy trade group. Mr Aaby-Ericsson said: “I think it is fine to sell the product, but not by attacking Arla and demonising farmers. This is not the right way and not good for farming.” Others pointed out much of

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You cannot tell consumers what to drink. They must choose it themselves. You must show consumers why they should drink milk THOMAS MAGNUSSON biggest dairy herds in Sweden, which processes and sells the milk from its 1,400 cows while marketing itself as a small enterprise. The Carlssons sell to Arla.

Despite some farmers’ concerns, any attempt to downgrade Sweden’s standards in response to cheaper imports would be a mistake, said Ms Cederberg. “The risk is we switch to intensive systems where cows eat so

Sweden’s land outside its southern region was unsuitable for anything else which is food-producing, except livestock. “I get angry with people saying you can live on almond or soya milk. It cannot grow in Sweden,” said Mr Carlsson. “This [pasture] is what you can grow here. It makes use of the sun and climate. So many places in Sweden you can only grow grass

One of the biggest influences on milk consumption in Sweden has been concerns over health and the environment and the rise of plantbased alternatives. Despite health claims to the contrary, the Swedish nutritional guidelines still advise people to consume 200-500ml of milk or fermented yoghurt each day.

Guidelines “We tell our local shop we are small, but they think we belong to Arla so are big,” said Mr Carlsson. “We make the landscape here though, not the big farm. People have told us at shows they loved our story and food, but they did not buy it when we sold milk directly ourselves. If we had the cows indoors it would make our work easier, but for me it is nice to be here watching the cows eating in the field.”

much concentrate they become like pigs,” she said.

Countryside People in Sweden say they value a mosaic countryside with open grasslands and animals, yet two million

and not even oats so the only thing there is cows or forest. It is not like the UK. We do not need more forest in Sweden.” Oatly said Sweden does need some grazing livestock but not in the proportions used today. For now, the country’s environmental groups remain in favour of maintaining a pasturebased dairy sector. Anna Richert, WWF Sweden,

Asa Brugard Konde, a nutritionist at the Swedish National Food Agency, said the guidelines recommend people choose low-fat dairy so they have room for other fats in their diet. “I was born on a farm taking milk directly from a cow,” she said. “Letting it stay until the cream appeared on top, we used the low fat milk below and kept the cream for cooking. People now have the whole fat milk plus the butter and cream too. Eat what the cow gives you, not more.”

hectares of it have gone to spruce since the 1920s, said Ms Cederberg. “People here do not want us to replicate a monoculture landscape similar to what you see in some parts of Brazil, with endless forest or soya,” she added.

said: “We do not need dairy but we have it. It is part of our agricultural food system. Sweden is traditionally a milk-drinking culture. “The cow’s ability to transform something we cannot eat into food is wonderful. “A lot of the problem is to do with the scale, market and the financial system farmers and consumers exist in. Consumers will still want to drink milk coming from cows which graze.” DECEMBER 29 2017 | 13

20/12/2017 14:22

SPONSORED SERIES A special 12-month series focusing on the opportunities for family farms in the UK

Year of the Family Farm

Part 12 - Key themes


armers Guardian’s Year of the Family Farm initiative, which drew to a close this week, has driven a thought-provoking and challenging conversation covering some of the most important aspects of agricultural life. Experts have offered their advice on how farmers can begin to tackle wellknown stigmas, as well as offering ideas for how businesses can become more resilient, futureproof and progressive. Advice has been broad, but themes have emerged from the topics tackled.

Wider than agriculture Farm businesses are increasingly understanding the importance of diversity. This is being reflected in the farmland market, where agents have reported an increasing level of demand for units with the potential for new

More information

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income streams which are linked to, but not totally reliant, on agriculture. Against a backdrop of reduced farm profitability and a great deal of uncertainty surrounding the future of support payments, not putting all your eggs in agriculture’s basket seems a sound move. William Waterfield of the Farm Consultancy Group said that, done right, the income from a successful diversification can quickly become bigger than the farm. But he also issued a health warning. He said: “Diversifications nearly always require a different skillset from what most farmers possess. “Those who find their farm business struggling should put more time and effort into the core operation rather than diluting it into something else.” Developing assets already in the business may be a good place to start.

Redundant farm buildings and underutilised space on-farm may be a good starting point for analysing what diversification potential a holding has. Houses in the countryside are in short supply and those which do exist are typically more expensive than urban residences. Alister King-Smith, head of planning services at Stags, said: “A good place to start is to look at current building stock available on the holding and assess what is available for conversion. “Providing there is something there which would qualify for conversion to a dwelling under permitted development rights, this is often a sensible option to look at.” Renting out a barn conversion or even a new-build house can be a long-term reliable source of income which does not rely on agriculture,

Key questions on diversification Is there a real need for my diversification? What competition do I have? Who is going to be responsible for running it? What would be the impact on the farm business? How am I going to pay for it? Can I afford it? Do I have the skills to make this a success? Would I be better investing my time and money in the core farming activity? or could provide family or staff accommodation in a secure asset. Regardless of the diversification, what is crucial for family farms to appreciate is the need for proper analysis before taking action.

For more information about Year of the Family Farm, useful contacts and additional information, visit the online resource at: Alternatively, comment or ask a question by following the Farmers Guardian Facebook page or @FarmersGuardian on Twitter, using the hashtag #YOFF

20/12/2017 14:33

SPONSORED SERIES Expert opinions

Focusing on finances


egardless of a farm’s size or sector, its long-term viability will ultimately be decided by one thing, profitability. Peter Griffiths, a director with Hazelwoods, said he has seen many examples of family farms implementing inefficient tax structures and managing their finances badly. Bad record keeping, not taking advice before making significant sales or purchases and leaving accountancy to the last minute were outlined as three common errors. He said: “At the very least farmers should be meeting with their accountant or advisers annually to let them know about any decisions they are thinking about making.” Furthermore, the Year of the Family Farm series uncovered

there were a number of tax reliefs being underused by farm businesses. Pension contributions, capital allowances, marriage allowance, tax-free gifts, averaging and agricultural property relief were all highlighted by tax expert Rob Selley from A.C. Mole and Sons. However, there is far more to farm finances than paying less tax.

New course Developing an existing business, or starting a new one, opens the door to charting a new course; one which could include share farming and machinery sharing. Share farming can bring complementary skills, machinery, experience and labour into one enterprise. Moule and Co director Hannah Moule explained the potential benefit. She said resources can be pooled allowing a business to

Key questions on finances Do you know and fully understand your costs of production? If direct support reduced or disappeared, where would it leave you? If you are borrowing money, are you getting the best rate? Can you work your machinery harder? Do you have neighbours who you could work with to share machinery and labour costs? Are you as tax efficient as you can possibly be? access assets it cannot afford or justify in its own right, such as specialist machinery or new technology.

It is all about people * WHAT has shone through more than anything in this series is success starts and ends with people. Family farms often involve several generations with a number of households all drawing an income from the operation. But as business experts have explained, a farm’s management structure, job descriptions, roles, responsibilities and decisionmaking process is rarely formalised. When things are going well, issues tend to stay below the surface, but tougher times will lead to cracks appearing. George Cook, a senior business consultant with The Anderson Centre, summed the situation up.

He said: “The catalyst for issues will arise from money, but ultimately there are a whole raft of things ticking away which relate to farming policy and business planning.”

So what can be done? Understanding what every family member wants and needs from the business is the starting point. For the younger generation, this might mean professional development; training, travel, more responsibility and a clear pathway of where their farming career is leading. It may be they are unlikely to be in sole control of the farm for 25 years, but being open and honest will help everyone make better decisions.

Key questions about people Who is involved in the family farm, and what roles do they play? Do you understand each family members’ ambitions and goals? Do you have a formal structure, and is it written down and recorded?

Do you hold regular meetings so everyone knows what is happening in the business? What have you done about succession planning? Have you made a will? What would happen if a family member died or became ill? What is your contingency plan?

At the same time, understanding that another family member might be perfectly happy doing all the tractor work is just as important. Succession is a word which has been mentioned dozens of time throughout this series, and with good reason. For older generations involved in family farms, it is a massive issue which continues to be swept under the carpet. Louise Speke, the CLA’s chief tax adviser, said succession must be discussed, but it is left too late. She said: “A lot of the calls we get about succession planning are from individuals in their 70s and 80s. “If you want to think about how you are going to manage the transition of assets and the business, it takes time if you want to do it well.” Failure to address issues such as succession, as well as the subjects entwined in it, such as wills and divorce settlements, not only hold family farms back, but put their future existence at risk. Victor Collins, partner at Nelsons, said: “There are few occupations where home and work are so interrelated. The farm is not just a home and business, but a way of life.”

Series sponsors’ take home messages Year of the Family Farm has * taken a comprehensive look at

the challenges facing our country’s family farming operations, as well as the opportunities. Not only has it been full of expert advice, but the online hub will continue to be a fantastic resource for all farmers to call upon.

By Anita Roberts, director of agriculture, EMEA, NSF International For family farms to remain * competitive, they need support and guidance. This series has highlighted many of the challenging issues facing these businesses which are such an important part of the fabric of rural life.

By Jackie Bradley, product manager, Volac overriding message is to *The be aware of your obligations, and be prepared to seek professional advice and guidance. Whether this is including insurance costs at the research stage of a diversification project, compliance with landlord responsibilities when letting farmhouses or cottages for residential use, or applying clear and simple health and safety procedures, the same principle applies.

By Alexandra Wellings, managing director, Farmers and Mercantile company which works with *As athan more 12,000 British farmers, we were delighted to be associated with this series. Many important topics have been covered over the course of the year and the online hub will continue to be a valuable reference point to access further information.

By Richard Phelps, UK agricultural director, ABP

Series sponsors

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DECEMBER 29 2017 | 15

20/12/2017 14:33


Edited by Olivia Midgley – 01772 799 548 – Business bulletin IRISH RETAILERS CALLED OUT ON FAKE FARM BRANDS n IRISH consumers have been urged to check their food this Christmas after the Irish Farmers Association (IFA) called out retailers for using fake farm brands, ‘false flag’ tricolour imagery and unsustainable discounting. IFA said retailers were attempting to exploit shoppers’ good intentions when there was ‘no guarantee their suppliers were being paid a fair price’. USDA WITHDRAWS ORGANIC LIVESTOCK RULES n FAMILY farmers will be hit hardest by the US Department of Agriculture’s decision to rescind rules on organic livestock and poultry welfare, according to the US NFU. The union said there was too much inconsistency in what was certified organic, causing consumer confusion. It added family farmers and shoppers would benefit from ‘accurate and consistent food labelling’. EU TO SEE RISING WHEAT SOWINGS BUT FALL IN OSR n EU farmers will increase wheat and soyabean sowings but oilseed rape sowings will fall by 2030. The European Commission estimated soft wheat seedings would grow by 1.2 million hectares (2.97m acres) by 2030 despite a loss of arable land to urbanisation and forestry, driven by a slight rise in prices. Oilseed rape area was set to fall to 6m ha (14.83m acres), but soyabean sowings would increase.

With the UK market critical for agriculture in the Netherlands, Alex Black spoke to researcher Dr Siemen van Berkum about Dutch producers’ views on Brexit.

Dutch agriculture wants stable British trade post-Brexit rPoultry and dairy

trade could be hit

BREXIT could be a major threat to producer prices in the Netherlands if exports of meat, dairy and horticultural products were subject to tariff and non-tariff barriers. The Dutch agriculture industry was reliant on exports, with the UK a major market for poultry meat, cheese, fruit, vegetables and flowers. But while Brexit has received blanket coverage in Britain, Wageningen University senior researcher Dr Siemen van Berkum said it was not really a concern for the average person in the Netherlands. “In businesses related to agriculture, it is one of the priority areas and this is to do with the importance of trade to Dutch agriculture,” he said. He added news the UK and EU would now move on to the next stage of negotiations had been greeted with relief. Speaking at the British Guild of

The World Trade Organisation import tariffs are higher. The impact would be in terms of prices DR SIEMEN VAN BERKUM Agricultural Journalists Brexit and EU Agriculture event, Dr van Berkum said the poultry and dairy industries would be hardest hit if the UK left without a deal in place. “The World Trade Organisation import tariffs are higher. The impact would be in terms of prices. There would be a major impact on cheese and meat,” he said. “Then we have to think about standards issues with animal diseases and whether there will be divergence on standards. They are very worried about this.”


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However, given British consumers’ demand for high quality produce, he said the Dutch were looking to protect exports by maintaining their good reputation. In the UK dairy industry, there had been talk of import substitution opportunities but Dr van Berkum said this was not a concern. “The dairy industry in the UK has been concentrating on commodity. There is not really concern the UK dairy industry might become a serious competitor in the cheese market.”

With horticulture being another main exporter to the UK, there was a focus on non-tariff barriers. “There is a focus on bureaucratic procedures, diseases and inspections,” he said.

Efficient “But on the other hand, the industry has always been very efficient to serve the British market. We are quite near which might be seen as an advantage.” He added the industry was being proactive, lobbying the Dutch Government and making sure it had promoted its interests, and agriculture was higher on his Government’s agenda than it seemed to be in the UK. And Dr van Berkum believed most of the Dutch were still behind remaining part of the EU, although there had been some debate when the British referendum was held. He said: “Most acknowledge the benefits. It is quite obvious the interest of the Netherlands is to have open borders as much as possible. The Netherlands is a country dependent on exports and imports. We are a trading country.”

27/12/2017 09:39


Use boosted profits to shield businesses from volatility rIncomes could be up

30 per cent at £4.7bn By Alex Black

FARMERS have been urged to use the better returns from 2017 and 2018 and the period of calm before Brexit to set themselves up for the next decade. With profit forecasts beyond 2018 currently ‘highly speculative’ as the UK leaves the EU, and any strengthening of sterling putting significant pressure on incomes, Andersons consultant Richard King urged farmers to use current profits to make changes to their businesses now. Andersons Outlook 2018 estimated incomes for the year could be up as much as 30 per cent year-onyear at £4.7 billion. Mr King said: “While returns may reduce slightly for 2018, they are still likely to be well above those seen in 2015 and 2016.” He said there were opportunities for productivity improvements and farmers did not need to wait until the effects of Brexit ‘began to bite’. He added: “Undertaking such changes now in a measured and considered manner can both boost profits in the short-term and set a business up to be resilient into the future. “It is easy for the industry to become focused on external events over which it has little or no control. In fact, the biggest determinant of business

profitability is how the business itself is set up and operated.” Incomes in 2017 saw a boost from higher prices due to the weakness of sterling boosting farmgate prices and the Basic Payment Scheme, with favourable supply and demand in pig and dairy sectors. But some of the inflationary impact on inputs which was not seen in 2017 will hit in 2018, he said. As the UK left the EU, issues such as regulation, access to labour and income support would be crucial. He said: “While this may seem a significant threat to UK farming profits, what is evident is ‘income support’ has, in many cases, held back productivity and simply increased farmers’ costs of production.” Mr King said this had been illustrated in ‘unrealistically high short-term rents’ some UK farmers were prepared to pay for the right to farm land.

It is easy for the industry to become focused on external events over which it has little or no control RICHARD KING

Farmers could be able to reclaim VAT on entitlements FARMERS may be able to reclaim VAT on Single Farm Payment Entitlements (SFPEs) if the income from subsidies was to be invested into taxable farming activities. HMRC has lost an appeal at the Court of Session, Scotland, after arguing VAT incurred on the purchase of SFPEs was irrecoverable as subsidies were outside the scope of VAT and did not directly relate to taxable activity. The company involved, Frank Smart and Son, had incurred VAT buying entitlements, with the income to be invested in the construction of new cattle sheds and wind turbines. Glyn Edwards, VAT director at MHA MacIntyre Hudson, said: “The

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outcome of the case is good news for taxpayers. If HMRC’s argument had succeeded, a very large number of farms could have faced assessments from the VAT office.”

Arla drops 1.3ppl ARLA has announced a 1.3ppl price drop from January 1, with the extent of the drop mitigated by a positive movement in the currency exchange rate and the reintroduction of money used to balance the UKAF cash flow. It takes the manufacturing litre to 31ppl, including the Arlagarden Plus incentive.

Andersons’ consultant Richard King urged farmers to use current profits to make changes to their businesses now.

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27/12/2017 09:23

BUSINESS With many traditional farm buildings redundant for modern agriculture, Cath Anthony explains how farmers can secure the future of historic buildings. Alex Black reports.

Conversions can help save ‘historic’ farm buildings rHeritage assets could

provide opportunities

HERITAGE farm buildings make an ‘irreplaceable and vital, contribution to the character of the countryside’ and document its history, but without a viable use

in modern agriculture, many are at risk of deteriorating and being lost. However, while planning has been seen as a frustrating hurdle, Cath Anthony, partner at Bidwells, said the National Planning Policy Framework (NPPF) has provided substantial support for the reuse of farm buildings.

Stay ahead when you subscribe to l l l l

Bidwells’ Cath Anthony says the National Planning Policy Framework has provided substantial support for the reuse of farm buildings.

She added that, although not all were listed buildings, many would still be classified as heritage assets and local authorities should support their reuse. Ms Anthony said the first step was an initial character and significance appraisal to showcase the importance of the site and its key characteristics.

Residential While they might not be in the most sustainable locations for residential use, it could often be the only option. She said: “It also provides an opportunity to supply new homes in an era when housing is desperately needed.” Design which enhanced their heritage and the significance of the

Pay as little as £2.60 per issue Never miss an issue with free delivery to your door every week Unlimited access to Exclusive member-only benefits

setting was vital, with planners and conservation officers needing to ensure schemes were of good design. However, while NPPF and Historic England have recognised without a use historic farm buildings would disappear, there was still reluctance from many local authorities to support countryside conversions. Ms Anthony said: “Such buildings provide attractive places to live and work and, with sensitive adaption, result in an enhancement rather than harm. “While most see heritage assets as a liability due to repair costs, we recognise they can provide opportunity for development in a location where it would normally be prohibited.”


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19/09/2017 14:27

WITH a huge traditional barn unsuitable for modern agriculture and in need of structural repairs, commercial uses were not viable with the cost of converting the barn to a dwelling outweighing the end value of the site. As the roof structure was one of the key features needing to be retained, architects came up with a design where outshots from the barn were converted into two dwellings with the middle utilised as covered garden space. To make up the ‘conservation deficit’, three new-build homes

were also proposed alongside the conversions to make the project financially viable. A new farmstead was also proposed, removing the farming use from adjacent buildings which conflicted with the high quality residential units.

Easier Cath Anthony said by providing relevant research and incorporating high quality designs, they had created a scheme which was easier for conservation officers to support and gain planning approval.

20/12/2017 11:37


Edited by Danusia Osiowy – 01772 799 413 –

The decision to think with their heads and not their hearts has proved lucrative for Matthew and Rachel Hinkley. James Wagstaff discovers why they are now a force to be reckoned with in south west Australia.

Targeted approach secures large-scale success in Australia


f it makes no cents it makes no sense. It’s a simple rationale that has led to a dramatic increase in scale, efficiency, yields and profits for agronomists-turned-farmers Matthew and Rachel Hinkley. Within just 13 years, the Hinkleys have grown the size of their mostly cropping operation by 400 per cent, boosted their return on assets to an impressive 10 per cent and lifted yields to rival the best in the state. And the couple are far from finished. They plan to keep growing their business, based at Derrinallum in Victoria’s Western District, and have their eyes fixed firmly on achieving yields around the 10 tonnes/ha (4t/acre) mark with their mixture of crops. Key to the Hinkleys’ operation is a targeted approach of buying and leasing land, a scientific-based input program and reverse irrigation - growing crops on raised beds to avoid losses during wet years such as this in the high-rainfall district. They have invested heavily in plant machinery to improve efficiencies, built their own weighbridge and testing station to objectively assess the quality of their grain, and put together about 3,000 tonnes of storage capacity on-farm, which allows them to employ futures and hedge contracts to take advantage of market highs. Not that any investment decision has been made lightly. Matthew and Rachel are firm believers of thinking with their heads and not their hearts.

“We’re not running a third, fourth, fifth or sixth-generation family farm,” says Rachel. “We’re not sentimental.” “We are very much driven by economics,” Matthew adds. “I believe there is as much done in here, in the farm office, as there is out there in the paddock.”

Ground up Matthew, 43, and Rachel, 41, met while studying agricultural science at the University of Melbourne and later

both worked as agronomists at Mortlake and Horsham. But it was a five-year stint working around major cotton centre Moree, in northern New South Wales, during the late 1990s and early 2000s, that opened the couple’s eyes to what could be achieved with farming. “Here we discovered how big business, big scale, big money worked and how to do a crop right,” explains Rachel, who later worked in agri-finance.

“Moree was 10 years ahead of large scale cropping when we went up there. It was the first time we’d really had a good look at GPS technology and they were all over it. “Their crop management, intensive crop scouting, real attention to fertilising and seeding rates gave us a really good, solid agronomy foundation,” she adds It was also during this stint the Hinkleys learned more about irrigating and how cotton farmers ran their

Matthew Hinkley in the canola on their cropping farm near Derrinallum.

We are very much driven by economics. There is as much done in the farm office, as there is out there in the paddock MATTHEW HINKLEY

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27/12/2017 09:47

FARM PROFILE AUSTRALIA Farm facts n Buy and lease land to build scale n 1,620 hectares (4,003 acres) is total area farmed n 625mm annual rainfall n Reverse irrigation system n Invested $20,000 (£11,479) in a grain testing machine

irrigation beds to get water on and off their crops, and recycle it. This method they then modified on their return to Victoria in 2004 with the purchase of 368ha (909 acres) at Derrinallum, which was subject to 625mm of annual rainfall. “We pretty much set it up as a cotton crop, but rather than irrigate, our rainfall is our irrigation. You’ve just got to get the excess off as soon as you can to avoid waterlogging, and get the water away,” says Matthew. “When it’s a dry year you get away with our environment beautifully, but in the wet years you get crucified. “We can’t afford to have two years in 10 missed with high land prices and high input costs.” With a lack of equity and capital to purchase large tracts of land, the Hinkleys have built up their business by leasing farms. As capital allowed, they also bought some of their own land and now operate across 1,620ha (4,003 acres) within 35km of the 728ha (1,798-acre) home block at Derrinallum. About 55 per cent of the land is leased, negotiated on a per-hectare basis. Some leases are longer than traditional two to three-year contracts, which gives the Hinkleys assurance to carry out necessary earthworks and trackworks.

Grain barns The Hinkley Farms business is predominantly grain and hay, covering 1,460ha (3,608 acres). The bottom 10 per cent of the cropping country is used for hay production or to finish more lambs. Traditionally about 1,000-1,200 store lambs are bought-in each November to utilise crop stubbles. Soils vary from red volcanic dirt to predominantly grey clay and lowlying areas mostly comprise heavy self-mulching black clay. Rachel says the farms are located ‘in a sweet climate spot’ to finish crops. Matthew describes their cropping program as ‘reasonably simple’ and is based on a three to fouryear rotation of canola followed by a year or two of wheat and a year of barley. The program generally starts with cultivation in February and March ahead of an April planting, with canola and red wheat varieties followed by white wheats and barley. The aim 20 | DECEMBER 29 2017

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We can’t afford to have two years in 10 missed with high land prices and high input costs MATTHEW HINKLEY is to have all crops sown by May 25, before it gets too wet. To help offset their high rainfall, all crops, with the exception of hay, are grown on 200-250mm-high flat-top beds, the centres of which are spaced two metres apart. The beds reduce waterlogging, allowing excess water to run off the crop and into a drain, and into designated fenced-off tree and wetland areas.

The entire farm has been topographically mapped, which means the Hinkleys know exactly where the water is going to run. This year the farm had received 411mm of rain to the end of August. “This was only about 20mm above average but it was all about timing,” says Matthew. “We had 120mm in April and we ran water out of beds on Anzac Day, our national day of remembrance. A soil-moisture probe is showing absolute capacity at the moment.”

The future Fertiliser, interest and lease are the Hinkleys’ biggest costs and while hey analyse all their costs, they focus on the top 15 because they know that’s where there are gains to be made. When it comes to returns on assets, split between capital appreciation and operating profit, they target 10 per cent. “We’d like to think that we can go more but we’re being realistic,” says Matthew. “We might achieve 15 per

cent some years, other years we might achieve zero.” Looking ahead, Matthew believes land prices in the Western District were proving prohibitive as for their most recent land purchase, they paid $7,500 (£4,274) a hectare. “We did a lot of budgets and forecasts on whether it was viable and it becomes questionable when you have production that this year is going to be down and our grain prices are not going to be super special at this stage.” The Hinkleys are also toying with the idea of vertical integration. Three years ago they bought a dairy at Scotts Creek, which is currently leased but has potential to consume their grain and hay. “Crops-wise we do not necessarily want 100,000 acres under our banner but we’d like to have 5,000 or 6,000 within the next five or 10 years.” “That is a viable entity in itself. It’s a fairly sweet spot before we have to replicate – two air seeders, four blokes working for us. But we’ll see how we go.”

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FARM PROFILE Harvest yields

Rachel and Matthew Hinkley.

n Canola is windrowed at the end of November and sits on the ground for 10-12 days. Canola yields average 2.62 tonnes/ha (1t/ acre) n About half the wheat is sold to dairy farmers, and the remainder averages about 5.4t/ha (2.18t/ acre) n Last year 200ha of long-season

revenue red feed wheat averaged 8.36t/ha (3.38t/acre) n The Hinkleys have trial plots of long-season wheat, planted in April and harvested in January or February, which they hope will yield at 10t/ha (4t/acre) n Barley often meets malting specifications, averages 5.5t/ha (2.2t/acre)

Machinery operations n The Hinkleys do all their own bedforming, planting, spraying, haymaking and baling, harvest and sowing n Their investment in machinery includes four Case tractors, an 8230 Case harvester with a 12.2m

header capable of harvesting 40-60ha (98-148 acres) a day, a laser bucket, a grader board and a baler n They also built their own bedformer and have put tracks on their sprayer to improve traffic ability



The cropping program is based on a three to four-year rotation of canola followed by a year or two of wheat and a year of barley.

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THE Hinkleys target a plant population of about 200 plants/ sq.m and about 800 tillers/sq.m, which typically means sowing wheat at between 110-135kg/ha. To encourage early plant growth, 100kg/ha of urea is applied under the seed, along with about 150kg/ha of monoammonium phosphate. The amount of urea applied during the rest of the season is dependent on factors such as grain price and weather conditions. However, when economic and environmental conditions are favourable, Matthew is not afraid to push crops to their limits using high rates of fertiliser. He says: “We are big fertiliser

users relative to the cropping industry as a whole, on a perhectare basis. We are probably at the top end of what local farmers are using. I’ve never been scared of throwing money at something if you can get a return.”

Return Matthew believes he gets a AUD$2-$3 (£1.14-£1.72) return for every AUD$1 (57p) investment in urea in nine out of 10 years. As with the UK, septoria presents one of the biggest disease risks in wheat, while barley crops are vulnerable to various forms of blotch. Blackleg can also prove problematic in crops of canola.

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Edited by Teresa Rush – 01787 282 822 –

A US approach to sustain a Arable farming in the US corn belt is all about big business, big machines and a ruthless drive for profits at the expense of all else. Or is it? Jane Brown finds out what is really going on.


ustainable farming has many connotations. There is economic sustainability, environmental sensitivity, resource efficiencies and even simply passing the farm down to the next family generation. Whichever aspect is closest to your heart, it has the same effect – trying to farm the land in the best way possible. In the US, sustainability is a hot topic, with farmers facing increasingly tight margins while also having to reduce their impact on the wider environment. In a country where one river – the Mississippi – drains 1.25 million square miles of catchment – it is easy to see how small amounts of nutrient leaching on a farm scale can add up to a tremendous pollution burden. The result: a record 8,776 square mile hypoxic (oxygen-deprived) zone in the Gulf of Mexico where very little sea life can survive. So what are farmers doing to improve their individual practices? Perhaps surprisingly, they face very similar goals and challenges to UK producers, from slimming down input costs to improving soil health, so many of the answers are the same. In Illinois and Iowa – the two largest soybean producing states in the US, with similarly large areas of

Ten years ago there was a combative environment between nongovernment organisations and agriculture HEATH ELLISON corn (maize) in the rotation, there has been a sharp rise in use of minimum tillage and cover crops, boosting soil organic matter and reducing runoff. According to Heath Ellison, operations manager at the Iowa Soybean Association, the acreage of cover crops has doubled each year in recent years. There are now 607,000 hectares (1.5m acres) of conservation buffers and 40,000ha (98,800 acres) of wetland restoration in Iowa, helping farmers to slash their soil erosion by nearly 50 per cent between 1982 and 2013.

At the same time, productivity has increased markedly. In 1964 one farmer fed 46 people – by 2014 that had increased to 155. In Illinois, 74 per cent of farmers surveyed believe they are working towards sustainable production, says Laura Staton, account director at Charleston Orwig, which works with the Illinois Soybean Association.

Emissions Nationally, in 2015, farmers used 40 per cent less land per bushel of soybeans than in 1980, with 32 per cent less irrigation, 35 per cent less energy and 38 per cent less greenhouse gas emissions. “Ten years ago there was a combative environment between non-government organisations and agriculture, but now they are sitting very closely at the same table,” she explains. “If we do not work together we are not going to make any progress.” One producer who is trying to be sustainable in various ways is Tim Bardole, who farms 810ha (2,000 acres) with his father Roy and son Schyler near Rippey, Iowa, in the heart of the US corn belt. The family has been farming there since 1901, and each generation has been determined to leave it in a better state

for their own children to inherit. The Bardoles started min-tilling in 1993, and also use rye and oat US farmers are cutting the amount of land, water and energy needed to grow key cash crop, soybean.

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n able farming Left to right: Tim, Schyler and Roy Bardole use min-till and growing cover crops in an attempt to farm sustainably.

WHAT IS NEXT FOR SUSTAINABLE FARMING? IOWA State University has established a Sustainability Task Force to engage with and lead on sustainable agriculture efforts. Dr Paul Lasley, who sits on the committee, argues that sustainability is not all about new science. “It is about getting people to adopt strategies that we know will work,” he says. “It has taken 60 years to persuade people that smoking causes lung cancer – we are in a period where beliefs trump science, which is a very serious issue.” According to Dr Matt Liebman, the university’s chairman for sustainable agriculture, farmers in the US need to understand that it is possible to grow more with less; an alien concept for many. He says: “If you take 10 per cent of the watershed [area of high ground dividing two areas drained by different river systems] and put it into perennial cover you will get disproportionately large benefits, such as a 95 per cent reduction in sediment export.”

Curbing inputs

cover crops to scavenge nutrients and reduce erosion over the winter. Where corn is planned, Tim strip tills in the autumn and lays anhydrous nitrogen, phosphate and potash in the strip in November when the soil temperature is below 10degC. This avoids having to do another pass in the spring, when the family is busy drilling corn directly into the strip, using GPS, and soybeans straight into the cover crop.

Strip tilling “Corn really does not like no-till, but soybeans will grow very well,” says Tim. Even though strip tilling is more expensive than min-till, it is significantly cheaper than conventional tillage. “We use less than 10 gallons/acre (112 litres/ha) of fuel over one season – it would be twice that with tillage,” he explains. “We have also got less repairs and maintenance and less labour – we would not have enough workers to do conventional tillage now.”

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Six generations have farmed this land and we keep trying to find ways to do it better

With margins under pressure, farmers are increasingly looking at curbing inputs to maximise profits, with precision farming playing a huge role in conservation agriculture – taking loss-making field areas out of production, for example, adds Dr Liebman. “It is not intuitive that growing less crop will make more money, but it is beginning to resonate.” Lack of profitability has encouraged many farmers to seek alternative incomes, according to Aaron Putze, director of communications at the Iowa Soybean Association. “The average age of an Iowan farmer is 55-57, and they are very well educated, with 70 per cent having a degree and 30 per cent having a higher degree.” Some 80 per cent of producers

Farmers need to be thinking about profit margins not yield and gross sales DR CRAIG CHASE under 50 have another income, which means farm operations have to be squeezed into as short a time as possible, leading to ever larger equipment. Dr Craig Chase from Iowa University says: “Capital has replaced labour. It now takes under an hour per acre (2.5 hours/ha) to grow soybeans from start to finish. “Farmers need to be thinking about profit margins not yield and gross sales.” Financial analysis of different systems shows that adding in a third crop, such as oats or alfalfa, to the usual corn/soybean rotation would reduce input costs and therefore help both profitability and the environment, he adds. “However, the markets for anything other than corn and soybeans here are not very good.”

Organic production Going one step further, organic production is far more profitable again, yet few farmers are opting for it due to the higher labour requirement, says Dr Chase. “It is also a big change to go back to more mechanical systems.” Would a return to conventional tillage – organic or otherwise – be more sustainable? It just depends on the definition of sustainability you choose to use.

ROY BARDOLE Tim sows the cover crops using a dry box on his sprayer, dropping them into the growing corn or soybeans in September before harvest in October/November, at which point they will have become well-established. He also has grass buffer strips along water courses to reduce nutrient run-off. Since moving to min-till with cover crops, the family has noticed a dramatic improvement in soil health, with organic matter growing from 3

per cent to 5 per cent and earthworm numbers also increasing. “For the most part, our tillage is done by earthworms – they eat the crop residue and spread the nutrients through the soil,” says Tim. “This means there are still nutrients available further down the profile in dry years.” Adopting GM technology has also been of huge benefit, he adds. “There is less need to spray and the plants are healthier – and it is seven years since we have combined any weeds. If we did not have glyphos-

ate resistant soybeans we would be spraying four different chemicals – we are using a lot less sprays.” Wildlife has made a real comeback on the farm, with plenty of deer and birds of prey – an indication that there is ample food throughout the chain. “Six generations have farmed this land and we keep trying to find ways to do it better,” says Roy. “I believe what we are doing is truly positive for the environment – this land is being treated better than it ever has been.” DECEMBER 29 2017 | 23

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Low sunshine levels meant the crops were slow to ripen last harvest.

Life on European farming’s nort Prolonged harvests and high grain moisture contents as well as the ubiquitous EU red tape are just some of the challenges facing a farming family in Finland. Chris McCullough reports.


andwiched between Sweden and Russia, Finland is one of the most northerly countries in the world to practise agriculture and enjoy self-sufficiency in food production for its 5.5 million inhabitants. Even though forests cover 75 per cent of Finland’s land area, accounting for some 22.8 million hectares (56.3m acres) there are 2.3m ha (5.7m acres) of available arable land. Typical crops grown in

Finland include barley, oats, wheat, rye, potatoes and silage crops. Since 1995 Finland has been a member of the European Union but there is a growing consensus among farmers that during that time overall farm incomes have dropped considerably. Finnish farmers admit, however, that the country must stay within the EU as without subsidies they could be put out of business. Two farming brothers from Finland who grow arable crops say re-

ceiving subsidies from the EU is ‘demoralising’ as they do not act as an incentive to increase yields and farm more efficiently. Jouko and Esa Riola farm 250 hectares (617 acres) across two farms between them at Tuusula, just north of Helsinki. About 160 hectares (395 acres) are owned by the brothers while the remainder is rented in 30 plots ranging in size from a few hectares to a few dozen hectares.

Well drained The Riola brothers are quite lucky as they farm some of the best land in Finland; it is well drained and has excellent soil nutrient levels. Some of the land is sited beside a lake and with strict nutrient leaching regulations the brothers have to be careful with crop rotation and applied fertiliser levels. This year’s harvest in Finland

The brothers’ rebuilt their grain dryer and storage sheds in 2014 .

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was quite late with poor weather conditions playing havoc with the harvesting calendar. Low sunshine levels meant the crops did not ripen on time and this, coupled with heavy rainfall in some areas, prolonged harvest for some farmers. Jouko describes cropping patterns: “We plant farm rye, spring wheat, rapeseed and peas. Yields are not the best in Finland and due to crop rotation and environmental regulations we have to plant some of the fields with different grass and legume varieties. “These will then be ploughed in as a green fertiliser, after which those fields would normally be planted with winter crops, most likely rye,” he says. However, with the farmers experiencing a late growing season, planting any winter crops is a huge risk for them. “This year our growing season was late,” says Jouko. “We have not been able to plant any winter crops, which is not what we were expecting but there is nothing we can do about the weather.” The cold and wet climate in Finland, particularly around harvest time in August, means most of the cereal crops have to be dried before storage. Jouko and Esa rebuilt their grain drying unit and storage sheds in 2014 at a cost of half a million euros helped by the Finnish government which stumped up 20 per cent of that in financial assistance. The brothers also run a contracting business and have entered into share

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Jouko (left) and Esa Riola.

Grain drying is very much part of the production system in Finland.

northern frontier arrangements with neighbouring farmers to save costs on machinery. “We share machinery with other farmers in a bid to save costs,” says Jouko. “Shared machines include a Vaderstad cultivator, a grain drill, sprayer, John Deere combine, and the Antti grain dryer with storage unit. “Our harvest moisture rates may range from, say 15-25 per cent moisture, even up to, in difficult conditions, 30 per cent moisture. Grain drying is expensive, but we just have to do it,” he adds. “It is very much part of the system here in Finland when growing crops.” In fact, Jouko estimates his drying costs to be about €20 (£17.77) to €30 (£26.66) per tonne and uses both gas and diesel to power the dryers. It takes 15 hours to dry rye from 30 per cent moisture down to 11 per cent. Wheat, barley and rye crops are all sold to local mills via spot buying agreements rather than contracts but prices hover around €150 (£133.30) per tonne on average for the grains. Jouko and Esa receive €650 (£577.62) per hectare from the EU and the Finnish government as a subsidy but say this is demoralising and not the way farming should be. “It is demoralising to simply receive this money and do very little for it,” says Esa. “That is simply not the Finnish way of doing things. We have no incentives to increase the yields or to introduce new technology. “But there is no other alternative on the table at the moment. Although the structures within the

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European Union are very much fractured we must remain a member for now otherwise we would go out of business.” Farming is a passion for both Jouko and Esam, but both of them run second businesses in order to keep their farming interests afloat. Jouko runs a land construction company, while Esa is a building engineer and consultant.

Land prices Both men say land prices are extremely high, restricting expansion, while commodity prices remain lower than in other European member states. Farmland in the Tuusula area costs between €15,000 (£13,329.78) and €20,000 (£17,773.04) per hectare (£5,394 to £7,192/acre), while rental prices vary between €250

(£222.16) to €500 (£444.33) per hectare (£90 to £180/acre). Crop prices are typically 30 per cent lower in some cases compared to those received in other areas of Europe. Jouko and Esa share their concerns about their farming profitability and continuity of the family farming business in Finland. “On top of poor profits, the EU has introduced a tremendous amount of red tape, paperwork and bureaucracy, which makes farming very hard to justify,” says Jouko. “The current farm commodity pricing and subsidy system will not encourage farmers to put their best knowledge and effort into the business.” About 50 per cent of their farming revenue comes in the form of different subsidies. Their average yield for spring wheat is about 5t/ ha (2t/acre). However, the fields and growing conditions have the potential for more. So, if the Riola brothers were to aim for 7t/ha (2.8t/acre), they would need to add €100 (£88.87) for fer-

tiliser, another €100 for chemicals and one more €100 for labour, not mentioning additional drying and handling costs for increased crop. “There is no point in aiming higher,” Jouka says. “I get paid subsidies for filling in some paperwork and sitting back putting in no effort,” he adds. On top of their more demanding conditions, Finnish farmers get, on average, €30 (£26.66) per tonne less for their commodities compared to the price received by growers in mid-Europe. Their spring wheat averages 4-5t/ha (1.6-2t/acre) and is priced at €150 (£133.30) per tonne by the mill. Rye averages 3-4t/ha (1.2-1.6t/ acre) at €160 (£142.18) per tonne; rapeseed yields 2-2.5t/ha (0.8-1t/ acre) at €354 (£314.58) per tonne and peas average 2.5-3t/ha (1-1.2t/ acre) at €180 (£159.96) per tonne. “The current pricing and subsidy system is not right for Finnish farmers. If rules will not be changed, farming and food production will die out in Finland,” he adds.

The Riolas farm 250 hectares (617 acres) across two farms at Tuusula, just north of Helsinki.

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Edited by Angela Calvert – 07768 796 492 –

Highland Ladies land a 2,000gns top price rSuffolk champion

sells for 500gns

A TOTAL entry of 114 MV-accredited pedigree female sheep were presented at Dingwall’s annual Highland Ladies show and sale. Judges were I. and G. Green of Corskie Farm, Garmouth, who awarded the Texel title to a Glen-

side Willy Nilly-sired gimmer which was in-lamb to Strathbogie Yes Sir from R.H. Wilson of the Milnbank flock, Turriff. It later sold for 2,000gns to the judges. Reserve Texel was a gimmer by Tamnamony Tuborg Gold from R.E. and R.F. Scott, Orkey, which was in-lamb to Milnbank Apache and sold for 1,500gns. In the Suffolk section, champion

was a Thurston Fergie-sired ewe in-lamb to Cloontagh Chieftain from J. Douglas of the Cairness flock, Fraserburgh, which later sold for 500gns. Also making 500gns was a gimmer by Whitestone Firestar from the same home which was in-lamb to the same ram. Auctioneers: Dingwall and Highland Marts.

Reserve tops Skipton milkers THE final Skipton dairy sale of the season produced a top price of £1,800 twice. Joint top was the reserve champion, a fresh heifer giving 26kgs from Robert Crisp, Calton, which sold to Peter Sowray, Bishop Thornton, who paid the same for a 38kg fresh heifer from Robin Jennings, Ripon. Champion was Brian and Judith Moorhouse, Bell Busk, with a homebred heifer which went for £1,650 to the Clarke family, Hampsthwaite. AVERAGES Freshly-calved heifers, £1,680. Auctioneers: CCM.

Tortoriello pens top Knighton lamb trade THE Christmas sale of fatstock saw a strong trade across all classes, with the top priced pen of lambs coming from Mark Tortoriello, Garbett Hall, Knighton. After winning the young farmers class, they sold for £130/head. The reserve champions were a pen of Beltex crosses from the same home which were exhibited by K. Tortoriello and sold for £110/head. Other continental lambs from Messrs Tortoriello hit £86.50/

head and £86/head, respectively. Top native-bred lambs were a pen from M.O. Bevan and Son, Bowdler, which realised £85/head. In the cull section, the winning pen of Texel ewes from S.A. Cherry, The Graig, topped at £134/head, while the winning cull ram from C.J. Davies and Sons, Amblecote, sold for £130/head.

Bishops Castle Christmas lambs

Lancaster dairy entries down Nordens herd

ENTRIES were high at Bishops Castle’s festive lamb sale, where the pre-sale show championship went to G.M. Hudson and Son, Mainstone, with their 43kg lambs which sold for £108/head. Reserve champion was D.G. Page, Sidnal Farm, with 41kg lambs which sold for £95/head.

Top priced pen of lambs with (left to right) Roy Edwards, vendor Mark Tortoriello, judge Gareth Lewis, Ann Davies, Mike Ewins, auctioneer Jenny Layton Mills, Tricia Jones and Ella Powell.

AVERAGES Total head, 172.03p/kg. Auctioneers: McCartneys.

A SMALLER entry of dairy cattle was presented at Lancaster’s festive show and sale. The pre-sale show was judged by Richard Frankland and Thomas Moorhouse, Settle, who found a champion in the second calved cow Witherslack Airintake Eclipse from the Inman family, Witherslack. It sold, giving 26kg, for £2,000 to the judge. Reserve was M.J. and H. Atkin-

son, Lancaster, with the winning heifer Wyresdale Sammy Monica 197 which sold 10 days calved for £1,780 to an undisclosed buyer. The monthly consignment of milkers from the Drinkall Bros, Lancaster, sold to a top of £2,000 for a cow yielding 29kg.

AVERAGES: Total head, £1,692. Auctioneers: North West Auctions.

AVERAGES Total head, 185p/kg. Auctioneers: Halls.

Ruthin festive pigs TOPPING Ruthin’s Christmas pig sale was P.J. Coker, Mathan Uchaf, with a pen of Welsh cross weaners which sold for £52/ head. Reserve was a Duroc boar from E. Powell, Rhosymadoc, which went for £105/head. Auctioneers: Ruthin Farmers Mart. 26 | DECEMBER 29 2017

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Champion cow with (left to right) Hannah Atkinson of sponsor Wynnstay, vendor David Inman and judges Richard Frankland and Thomas Moorhouse.

in demand

HOLSTEIN Friesians from the Holsworthy-based Nordens herd of Michael and Annette Nokes dispersed at Holsworthy market. Top price was £1,995 for the October-calved second calver Nordens Steady Gold, which sold giving 35kg. Best heifer at £1,974 was the August-calved Nordens Esquire Helga which was yielding 31kg. Third calvers topped at £1,890 for Nordens Gunfire Gold which last calved in September and sold giving 40kg. Youngstock from the herd sold to a strong trade, with bulling heifers selling to £840 on numerous occasions. Calves went to £420 for Nordens Barney Evelyn 4, a November-born daughter of Rosylane-LLC Altabarney. AVERAGES Total head, £1,074. Auctioneers: Kivells.

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In-lamb Texel gimmer sees 19,000gns high at Ballymena rNew Northern Irish

female record set

THE Northern Stars sale of in-lamb Texel gimmers held at Ballymena market saw a new Northern Irish female record of 19,000gns set. Sale leader came from Richard

Henderson’s Ballynahone flock, Tobermore, in the shape of an ETbred Duncryne Uber Cool daughter which is out of a dam by Braehead Touch of Class. In-lamb to Halbeath Woody it was knocked down to Jim Innes of the Strathbogie flock, Huntly. Following at 5,000gns was a gimmer by the same sire from the

same flock. Out of a Springhill Silverstone daughter, it sold inlamb to Halbeath Woody to Procters Farm, Lancashire. Making 3,400gns was an Usk Vale War Lord-sired gimmer from Paul and Baillie O’Connor’s Drumgooland flock, Seaforde. Out of a ewe by Garngour Upperclass and in-lamb to

AVERAGES Calved cows, £1,494; calved heifers, £1,657; in-calf heifers, £1,073; bulls, £896; Christmas calves, £1,507; heifer calves, £1,507; Leswidden sale, £1,267. Auctioneers: Greenslade Taylor Hunt.

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AVERAGES: Clougher, £805; Forkins, £1,372.88; Ballynahone, £2,336.25; Drumgooland, £1,028.38; Tamnamoney, £945. Auctioneers: Ballymena Livestock Market.

Three 5,200gns bids for Quaish Limousins

Leswidden herd heads Christmas Cracker SEDGEMOOR’S Chrismas cracker sale attracted an entry of 351 dairy cattle. The sale included a selection of cattle from the Leswidden herd owned by T.J. and C.M. Dauncey, Penzance, which hit 2,800gns for the EX92 fourth calver Leswidden PS Chrissey. At 2,400gns was the second calver Leswidden H Dreams Trolley VG87. Out with the Leswidden entry and trade peaked at 2,000gns for the second calver Moorshard McCutchen Ashlyn ET GP82 from R.K. and S.G. Miller and Sons, Bridgewater. Also at 2,000gns was the winning calved heifer and overall pre-sale champion, Courtway Metal Viola from R. Puddy and Son, Highbridge. H.R. Lewis, Carmarthen, and R.E. and H.E. Bugler and Partners, Bridport, took the same money for respective heifers. The winning cow and overall reserve champion was the second calver Dorset Durable Fable 2 from Dimond Farming, Sherbourne, which realised 1,800gns. The Christmas calf sale sold to 2,000gns for the yearling heifer Stowey Denver Jess 2 ET from J. and M. Hill, Honiton, which had won the youngstock class.

Milnbank American Sniper, it was bought by R. Hughes, Penmynydd.

Beef champion, a British Blue cross Limousin steer from Lin Calcraft, Honiton.

Limousin steer tops Truro cattle A QUALITY show of halter-led cattle was reported at Truro’s festive sale. Topping the prices was the reserve local champion, a heavy Limousin cross steer from S. and T. Penellum, St. Newlyn East, which hit 390p/kg to Archie Rowe, Trevarthens. The reserve open beef champion, a British Blue cross Limousin heifer from E.A. and D.A. Ellis, Lelant, realised 380p/kg to David Wilton, St. Columb. Beef supreme was a British Blue cross Limousin heifer from L. and P. Calcraft, Honiton, which later sold for

340p/kg to Chris Dale Butchers, Helston. Local champion was Clare Withers, Probus, with a British Blue heifer which made 350p/kg to Mr Rowe. The lamb championship went to a pair of continentals from G.B. Renfree and family, Quethiock, who sold them for £300/head to Farmers’ Fresh Butchers, Tiverton. Reserve was a pair of lambs from L. and P. Calcraft, Honiton, which were sold for £140/head to J.V. Richards, Perranwell Station. Auctioneers: Lodge and Thomas.

THE Quaish herd of Limousins owned by Nick and Lisa Hill and family, Somerset, held a sale at Sedgemoor. First cow in the ring was Quaish Flower which sold for 5,200gns with its bull calf at foot to D.C. and S.A. Martin, Cornwall. Matching this money was Quaish Iris which sold with its heifer calf to the Butt family, Shepton Mallet. Also paying this price was the Davis family, Glanyfer, who took home the five-year-old in-calf cow Quaish Heebeegeebee. In-calf heifers from the 2017 show team realised 5,000gns for Quaish Lottie and 4,500gns for Quaish Livingthedream, which were both secured by B. Quant, Newton Abbot. AVERAGES 5 cows and calves, £4,221; 4 in-calf cows, £3,832.50; 1 British Blue cross cow, £2,940; 2 in-calf heifers, £4,987.50; 1 yearling heifer, £3,150. Auctioneers: Greenslade Taylor Hunt.

5,000gns In-calf heifers from the 2017 Quaish show team topped at 5,000gns.

Strong trade for dairy heifers at Ross-on-Wye THERE was a total clearance of dairy cattle at Ross-on-Wye, with prices over 2,000gns on more than four occasions. Top price at 2,180gns was a calved heifer from Oughton Farms, Moreton-

on-Marsh, who had other heifers reach 2,020gns. Geoff and Jean Williams, Hay-on-Wye, sold a calved heifer for 2,000gns. Leading cow was a second calver from Robert and Linda Tarver,

Pershore, which sold for 1,980gns. AVERAGES: All heifers, £1,442; all cows, £1,550. Auctioneers: Gwilym Richards. DECEMBER 29 2017 | 27

20/12/2017 11:39

STOCKJUDGING COMPETITION Do you consider yourself a good judge of stock? If so, enter our annual beef stockjudging competition, to be in with a chance of winning up to £200.

Test your stockjudging skills and win £200 O ur popular beef stockjudging competition isback for 2017. The competition runs annually and is again sponsored by Showtime, supplier of specialist livestock products for cattle, sheep, horses and other animals, covering the UK and Europe.

How to take part Take part by pitting your judging skills against those of our professional judge to be in with the chance of winning one of three cash prizes. The winner of the first correct

entry, drawn at random, will receive our top prize of £200, while two runners-up will each win £50. Simply rank the four animals pictured (one being the animal you rate most highly), in the same order as our judge. Complete the entry form opposite and return it to: Beef Stockjudging Competition, Farmers Guardian, Unit 4, Fulwood Business Park, Caxton Road, Fulwood, Preston, Lancashire, PR2 9NZ, by January 3, 2018.


28 | DECEMBER 29 2017

p28 29 Dec29 Stockjudging DPS.indd 2

ENTER ONLINE Alternatively, enter online at

Could your stockjudging skills win you one of three cash prizes?



Return the form opposite or enter online at



20/12/2017 11:40

HOW TO ENTER Return the form below or enter online at





Stockjudging competition entry form Title:

Fill in and return this form before January 3, 2018, or go to

First name:




Year of birth:


Telephone number: Email: Are you the main decision maker on-farm?




Primary occupation (tick one box only): Farm Owner Contractor

Farm Manager Agronomist/Adviser

Farm Worker Student

Tenant Farmer Other

Farm Worker Student

Tenant Farmer Other

Secondary occupation: (tick one box only): Farm Owner Contractor

Farm Manager Agronomist/Adviser 0










Total farm size in hectares: Dairy (livestock numbers): Sheep (livestock numbers): Tick here to receive our Auction Finder email, which provides a weekly round-up of news from UK auctions

Please return by January 3, 2018 to: Beef Stockjudging Competition, Farmers Guardian, Unit 4, Fulwood Business Park, Caxton Road, Fulwood, Preston, Lancashire, PR2 9NZ.

Your judgement:

Terms and conditions: 1. The competition (prize draw) is open to UK residents (aged 18 years or over), with the exception of ‘employees’ or ‘relatives of employees’ of Briefing Media. 2. Inclusion in the prize draw is subject to registration. 3. Entry to the draw will close January 3, 2018. 4. Only one entry per person is permitted. 5. The winners will be selected at random from all valid and correctly answered entries. 6. The judge’s decision is final. No correspondence or discussion shall be entered into. 7. Prize is non-refundable and no prize alternative available. 8. Completion of the entry form implies acceptance of these terms and conditions. Data Protection: Information you supply to Briefing Media Ltd may be used for publication (where you provide details for inclusion in our directories or catalogues and on our websites) and also to provide you with information about our products or services in the form of direct marketing activity by phone, fax or post. If at any time you no longer wish to receive anything from Briefing Media Ltd, or to have your data made available to third parties, please write to the Data Protection Co-ordinator, Briefing Media Ltd, Farmers Guardian, Unit 4, Fulwood Business Park, Caxton Road, Fulwood, Preston, Lancashire, PR2 9NZ, or email





p28 29 Dec29 Stockjudging DPS.indd 3


Beef (livestock numbers):

DECEMBER 29 2017 | 29

27/12/2017 10:16

AGRICULTURE’S NA 30-34 Auctions 35 Jobs 36-41 Livestock

41-42 Feedstuffs & Bedding 42 Equestrian Livestock Equipment inside

Wright Marshall Agricultural & Livestock Auctioneers

Beeston Castle Auction 01829 262100 MONTHLY MACHINERY SALE WEDNESDAY 3rd JANUARY 9.30am (SHED Section) - Tools, Mowers, Bicycles etc (500 Lots) 10.00 am (YARD Section) - Timber, Sleepers, Wire, Felt, Ag Miscellanea (300 Lots) 11.00 am - Vehicles, Trailers, Machinery Delivery of Items Tuesday 2nd January Only 8.00 am - 4.00 pm Enquiries to Beeston on 01829 262100. STORE CATTLE FRIDAY 5th JANUARY - 11.00am Special Entry of 25 Grand Store Cattle from a Local Farm Viz: 5 SIM X STEERS 4 SIM HEIFERS (Correct to Breed) 16 FRIESIAN STEERS All 20/21 mo off proper cows and Farm Assured. PEDIGREE SHEEP SALE

BELTEX AND TEXEL FEMALES SATURDAY, 6th JANUARY The Great Annual New Year Event! On behalf of The Beltex Society and The North West Texel Breeder’s Club 76 BELTEX: 11 In-lamb Ewes; 43 In-lamb Shearlings; 18 empty Ewe Lambs; 4 Recipients with Pedigree Embryos 120 TEXELS: 2 In-lamb Ewes; 93 In-lamb Shearlings; 21 empty Ewe Lambs; 2 Recipients with Pedigree Embryos Beltex Show at 9.00 am * Texel Show at 10.00 am SALE COMMENCES at 11.00 am Catalogues available on our website, or from our Office NOT TO BE MISSED BY ALL BREEDERS! WEANLINGS

CHANGE OF SALE DATE: This Sale will now take place on FRIDAY 12th JANUARY (NOT 5th January) - 12.30pm – Please contact Simon Lamb on 07815 188125 with entries for cataloguing.



p030.indd 30

December 29, 2017

PEDIGREE AND COMMERCIAL DAIRY CATTLE SALES TUESDAY, 9th JANUARY “MID MONTH FOCUS MILK DAIRY SALE” of Commercial and Pedigree Holstein Dairy Cattle & Youngstock (Also open to all Dairy Breeds) Supported by the Western Holstein Club. FINAL ENTRIES for cataloguing must be received by TUESDAY, 2nd JANUARY to 01829 262120. TUESDAY 16th JANUARY - 176 HOLSTEINS Dispersal of the CHURCHEATON herd on behalf of HR Taylor & Son, Green Farm, Church Eaton, Stafford and removed to Beeston Castle Auction for Sale convenience. The Sale comprises 111 Milking Cows & Heifers, 51 Served & In-calf Heifers and 14 Heifer Calves. FULL DETAILS NEXT WEEK. THURSDAY 18th JANUARY - 200 HOLSTEINS Dispersal of the Entire KENBOW herd on behalf of NP Kennerley, Bow Green Farm, Bowdon, Altrincham and removed to Beeston Castle Auction for Sale convenience. The Sale Comprises 125 Milking Cows & Heifers; 30 In-calf Heifers and 45 Maidens and Heifer Calves. FULL DETAILS NEXT WEEK. STORE SHEEP SALE THURSDAY, 18th JANUARY SALE AT 1.00 pm NEW TO BEESTON “Monday Store Sheep Sale has moved to Thursday” 1st SALE OF THE YEAR Catalogued Sale of In-Lamb Ewes In conjunction with the Weekly Sale of Prime Lambs and Cull Ewes. ENTRIES CLOSE: MONDAY 8th JANUARY (Please contact Auctioneer Endaf Jones 07588 130133)


AUCTION MART Friday 5th January 2018 New Year Store Cattle Show & Sale 400 Steers, Heifer & Feeding Bulls “RH Brown Trophy” for best Home-Bred Animal Sponsors: Tennants Auction Centre Leyburn and Tithebarn Ltd with Roger Pybus. Judging 9.30am. Sale at 10.30am Entries by noon Monday 1st January. Beef Breeding Cattle as forward at 1.30pm Monthly Dairy Sale at 1/1.30pm Sponsored by Carrs Billington Agriculture. 150 Rearing Calves & Stirks at 11.00am Friday 12th January Special Sale for In Lamb Sheep

Enquiries: 01969 623167 Stephen Walker 07866 358130

Beltex In-Lamb Sale Dates 2018 .........................................................................

Beeston Castle

Saturday 6 January 2018 Sale of 76 Registered Pedigree Females Comprising of 11 Ewes, 43 Shearling Gimmers , 18 Empty Ewe Lambs, Plus 4 Recipients Show: 9am Sale: 11.00am Details: Wright Marshall on 01829 262100 I 015395 67973

27/12/2017 11:21:03

Call 01772 799500 and place your ad today


Call 01772 799500 and place your ad today 42-47 Buildings & Building Materials 48 Property 48-49 Finance 49 Entitlements 49-50 Motors 50-59 Tractors & Machinery

North West Auctions Pedigree & Commercial Livestock Auctioneers & Valuers

Penrith Auction Mart

01768 864700

Wednesday 3rd January– 7am – Sale of Cast Ewes & Rams. 9am – Sale of Prime Lambs. Ballot at 8.30am Monday 8th January Sale of Store Cattle & Feeding Bulls of all classes entries close noon Tuesday 2nd January Wednesday 10th January 9am – Sale of 100 Rearing Calves of all classes 12noon – Sale of 500 Store Lambs of all classes

LANCASTER AUCTION MART Tel: 01524 63308 Monday 1st January 2018 - NO SALE Tuesday 2nd January 2018 9am Sale of 700 PRIME LAMBS followed 200 CAST SHEEP including YOUNG HANDLERS SHOW. Show at 8am. Classes for Single Lowland & Upland Hoggs + Best Young Handler (all ages up to 26) Friday 5th January 10.15am 60 REARING CALVES 10.15am 150 CAST/OTM CATTLE 11.15am 400 STORE CATTLE Entries Close Tuesday 2nd January Monday 15th January


SHOW & SALE OF HOLSTEIN BREEDING BULLS Entries close Friday 5th January

J36 RURAL AUCTION CENTRE Tel: 015395 66200

LUDLOW MARKET FRIDAY 12th JANUARY at 12noon 56 PEDIGREE TEXEL IN LAMB EWES Dispersal of the noted HAYTON Flock For Mr Tony Wright On the same day as the regular Store Sheep and Store Cattle Sale Catalogues: 01905 769770

North Wales Potentials Gwartheg Potensial Gogledd Cymru 19th Show and Sale of SHOW POTENTIAL CATTLE (The Sale of Champions) On Saturday 24th February 2018 At Ruthin Livestock Centre, Parc Glasdir, Ruthin, LL15 1PB Entries close 15th January 2018 Entry forms available from the: Secretary: Caryl Edwards 07557 507882 or contact the Auctioners: Ruthin Farmers Auction Co Ltd on 01824 705000

p031.indd 31

Tuesday 2nd January 2018 1pm 2000 PRIME HOGGS followed by 750 CAST SHEEP including YOUNG HANDLERS SHOW. Show at 11am. Classes for Single Lowland & Upland Hoggs + Best Young Handler (all ages up to 26) Thursday 4th January 11am Fortnightly Sale of 2500 STORE HOGGS Sale Day Entries Welcome, Ballot Drawn on Day Tuesday 9th January 10.30am All Classes of PIGS Please advise the office of entries Saturday 6th January Monthly Sale of MACHINERY, TOOLS & EQUIPMENT Please advise the office of entries. Email photos to for advertising Thursday 11th January 80 CALVES, 80 CAST COWS, TB RESTRICTED COWS & 150 STORE CATTLE Catalogue entries close Wednesday 3rd January Saturday 27th January ROUGH DIAMONDS Show & Sale of IN-LAMB ROUGH FELL EWES, GIMMER SHEARLINGS & GIMMER HOGGS Show & Sale of BLUEFACED LEICESTER EWES, GIMMER SHEARLINGS & GIMMER HOGGS followed by Multi-Breed Individual & Commercial In-Lamb Females Entries Close Friday 12th January North West Auctions would like to wish everyone a Happy New Year

December 29, 2017 |


27/12/2017 11:22:15 Auctions



Est 1803

“All livestock sold under national conditions of sale recommended for use by the L.A.A.”



(015242) 61246 (Sale Days) 61444 (Office) Stephen Dennis 07713 075 661 Greg MacDougall 07713 075 664 Will Alexander 07590 876 849

Tuesday 2 January

10.30am 50 Cast Cows & OTM Cattle New Year Sale fo Suckler Breeding Cattle,


Followed by 250-500 Store Hoggs

Wednesday 3 January

12noon 150 Rearing Calves 4pm 2000 Cast Ewes 3000 Prime Hoggs

Inc. Young Farmers Singles Night

Prizes for Best Single Prime Hogg (Lowland & Hill Breeds) & Best Presented Prime Hogg & Vendor Shown by a Young Farmer (Under 27years old) Junior & Senior Classes Judging at 5pm

Auction Mart Office 01200 445376 Fred 07713 075660 Ann 07710 709979 Rachel 07713 075659 Email:

PRIME LAMBS & CULL EWES SALES EVERY THURSDAY & SATURDAY Belly clipping required, on-site Thu 9-12.30 & Sat 8-9.30

Saturday 30 December NO SALE Tuesday 2 January NEW YEAR LAMB COLLECTION

38-47kg, no 6 day rule, call for weekly price & booking 10.30am 10.30am 11.00am 11.30pm

Thursday 4 January 100 PRIME CATTLE, 100 CULLS 100 REARING CALVES 100 REARING CALVES 50 DAIRY CATTLE regular weekly sale

Tuesday 9 January

of registered and non-registered cattle inc

Evening Sale of Elite Breeding Sheep

Classes: NCH, PNCH, NCC, ICH




Entries inc. Procters Farms ltd, Tatham Hall; JW & LJ Mellin, Hull House; Harry Wood, Dean Brow; MR & J E Davis, Ravenshaw; S Currie, Beautry, Ian Lancaster, Cold Coates


Entries Inc. Lunesdale, Penhill & Smearsett

MV & Non Mv Sections

Entries for catalogue close Thursday 28th Dec

Wednesday 10 January Semex Dairy Show

Show & Sale of Newly Calved Dairy Cattle

MONTHLY SALE OF FARMERS STIRKS Tuesday 16 January 10.30am Cast Cows & OTM Cattle

Wednesday 17 January ‘The Winter Blues’ Prizes for British Blue Sired Calves Tuesday 23 January

1st Winter Sale of In Lamb Breeding Sheep

Entries for catalogue close Monday 15th January


PRIME HOGGS & CULL EWES Saturday 6 January 2018



Entries inc: CASE795XL 4wd vgc, DB990 Selectamatic, DB995 with loader, IH595 with loader, Kellquip bale slicer, 8in twin roller wood chipper as new, livestock trailers, ATV crop sprayer, livestock barriers, feed troughs, firewood. LOADALL ON SITE Fri 5th 12-4 & Sat 6th 7.30am SALE IN THE GATEWAY YARD 10.30am BREEDING & STORE CATTLE 9.30am CULL EWES, PRIME HOGGS,

STORES & IN-LAMB SHEEP 10.30AM BREEDING & STORE PIGS Inc 100 In-lamb sheep AL Thompson, J Wood; 8 In-calf suckler cows & 1 pedigree Angus bull, Taylor Partnership

Borderway Mart, Carlisle T: 01228 406200 sale catalogues can be downloaded from the website

BORDERWAY MONTHLY DAIRY DAY Wednesday 3rd January – 11.00am

Sale includes Dispersal Sale of Youngstock from The Park Farm Partnership (approx 85 head)

Special January show and sale of STORE CATTLE Wednesday 10th January

Entries close Wednesday 3rd January

Show and sale of PEDIGREE HOLSTEIN CATTLE Wednesday 17th January

On behalf of Border & Lakeland Holstein Club Entries close Wednesday 3rd January

Special sale of registered BLUEFACED LEICESTER FEMALES Monday 22nd January

Entries close Friday 5th January

Special January show and sale of PEDIGREE BRITISH BLUE CATTLE Friday 26th January

Entries close Friday 5th January


Friday 16th/Saturday 17th February Entries close Friday 5th January

Thursday 11 January REGULAR WEEKLY SALES

Sat 20 January – MV In Lamb Texel Sale STIRKS & SATURDAY ENTRIES TO 01200 441351 (by 11am Tue for advertising)


Livestock Auctioneers Association A PLACE TO EXCHANGE IDEAS Contact your local Livestock Market at



p032.indd 32

December 29, 2017

27/12/2017 11:23:22

Call 01772 799500 and place your ad today nAuctions




23 The complete dispersal of the prize winning LONGFORDHALL herd (300 head), the property of Mrs E.M Wolfenden at Longford Hall Farm, Longford, Derby. DE6 3DS

Auctioneer & Contact John Wharton 07912946549 or David Porter 07704282373

Catalogues - Tel: 01285 841333


Serving the rural community for over 140 years

BakewellMarket Market Results Results Bakewell Bakewell Market It will be business as usual at Bakewell as from Tuesday 2nd January followed by the regular Thursday sheep sale on 4th January Marketing advice or any questions call Alastair on 07973 982441, Ivor on 07977 449126, Oliver on 07801 530899 or Peter on 07973 982443

Tel: 01756 792375

Weekly Thursday Lunchtime Sheep Sale Sale for all types of Sheep Delivery & Weighing from 9am & Sale at 12 Noon We will be taking entries of Store Lambs & In Lamb Ewes for 11th January & 8th February. Please let us know if you have sheep to enter so we can advertise for you.

Bakewell HPLS Store Cattle Sale

Friday 19th January 2018 Members Only Entries Close Friday 5th January Ashbourne 01335 342201 Bakewell 01629 812777 Derby 01332 200147

Leek Penkridge Uttoxeter

01538 398466 01785 716600 01889 562811



Wednesday 3rd January 2018

Usual Weekly Fatstock Sale

Dedicated Slaughter Market 300 Cattle 550 Sheep 500 Pigs & Sows Pigs 9am Sheep 9.30am Cattle 10am

Gates open at 8am for accepting stock

Saturday 6th January

Opening New Year Show & Sale of Store Cattle

No Sales

Sponsored by Nigel Slater, Laverton Finance


Saturday 13th January

Martin Ellis NWF & Jim Peet Agri

Opening Store Sale of the New Year 180 Store Cattle 200 Store Pigs 200 Store Sheep

Also Monthly Dairy Show Sponsored by Genus

01757 703347 (Market Office) Richard Haigh: 07768 594535

Deadweight Lamb Collection Operating Ring Ian for details Ian Smith (Market Manager) 07738 043771 01943 462172

Livestock Auctioneers Association A PLACE TO EXCHANGE IDEAS Contact your local Livestock Market at

p033.indd 33

Auctioneers: Jeremy Eaton - 07747 780481 Ted Ogden - 07855 958211 Sam Bradley - 07538 539077

Monday 1st January NO SALE – OFFICE CLOSED Wednesday 3rd January Great New Year Opening Sale of 282 FEEDING BULLS Sale 9.30am followed by 19 BEEF FEEDING COWS, 776 STORE HEIFERS & BULLOCKS BREEDING CATTLE Sale 12.30pm Monday 8th January

...Yorkshire’s Friendly Mart

NEW YEAR SHOW SALE OF REARING CALVES – Judging 10.30am Sale 11.00am CROP & PRODUCE Sale 11.45am WEEKLY PRIMESTOCK SALE (6 day rule) CLEAN CATTLE Sale 12.30pm followed by Show & Sale of Prime Cattle - Judging 12.00noon CAST & FEEDING COWS (4 Year & Pre Test) followed by TB EXEMPT CATTLE (pre enter) PRIME HOGGS & CAST SHEEP Sale 1.30pm Show & Sale of Prime Hoggs – Judging 1.00pm Classes:- Down x & Cont x – pens of 5 Mule/Masham, Horned & Other Hill – pens of 10 Only 10 lambs per class per farm Wednesday 10th January SALE OF STORE HOGGS & All classes of BREEDING SHEEP (entries close Tuesday 2nd January) Saturday 13th January STIRKS, WEANED CALVES, BREEDING & STORE GOATS & SHEEP (entries close Monday 8th January) Craven Dairy Sales Monday 15th January 2018 New Year Show & Sale of Dairy Cattle

nFamily announcements



Passed away suddenly but peacefully in his sleep at home on the 24th December aged 73. He will be greatly missed by his family and the wider farming community. For funeral arrangements please contact Charles Stephens funeral directors Tel: 0151 645 4396 December 29, 2017 |


27/12/2017 11:54:56 Auctions Welsh Black Cattle Society Tel: 01982 551111 Cymdeithas Gwartheg Duon Cymreig Tel: 01286 672391



E A Lane & Sons Chartered Surveyors

By Instruction of Messrs V.E. Kirk & Sons

54th ANNUAL PRODUCE SALE THURSDAY 11th JANUARY 2018 SALE BY AUCTION OF APPROX. 2000 TONS of HAY, BARLEY, OAT & WHEAT STRAW & A QUANTITY OF GRASS SILAGE in 76 Lots on two farms Commencing at 1pm at SPRING GRANGE FARM, BARKBY ROAD, BEEBY, LEICESTER LE7 3BQ Catalogues on Application or download from our website

87 entries including 27 bulls Note: Show at 10am Sale at 12.30pm Enquiries: Caernarfon – 01286 672391 Builth Wells – 01982 551111 www.welshblackcattlesociety Fishing

Reaching deeper and further into UK farming than any other media group


Pest Control WOOD PIGEON &CROWS Problem

all year round crop protection. Worcester/Warwickshire Area. Hales Owen based. BASC insured, FREE reliable service, 40th Year. Call Ken on 07553 948043 or 01214 233524

Fish For Sale Large stocks of coarse fish available for re-stocking NOW!!

Netting, electro-fishing, Surveying and Pike removal undertaken Cash paid for your surplus stocks of coarse fish.


Tel: 07774 704301


Trees & Shrubs

WASTE TYRES removed from farms

• 25 years experience • Registered waste carrier • All farm tyres & tyre bale removed in bulk • Competitive prices For free quote call Chris Ingram on

07860 670 201


• Borehole Drilling • Commercial & Domestic • Surveys & Licensing • Water Analysis • Pumping & Filtration • Supply & Installation • Service & Repair • Geothermal Work

01625 878411



p034.indd 34

December 29, 2017

Trained. Member of the British Traditional Molecatching Register.Lancashire, Cheshire, North Wales, Yorkshire & Cumbria areas covered Mobile 07767 668330 (P)



Each per 1000 BLACKTHORN 40/60cm £0.20 CHRISTMAS TREES 25/40cm £0.45 CHRISTMAS TREES NON-DROP 15/25cm £0.65 FIELD MAPLE 40/60cm £0.26 GREEN BEECH 30/40cm 2yr £0.37 HORNBEAM 30/50cm £0.28 QUICKTHORN (HAWTHORN) 40/60cm £0.24 QUICKTHORN (HAWTHORN) 60/80cm £0.33 QUICKTHORN (HAWTHORN) 60/90 2yr £0.42 QUICKTHORN (HAWTHORN) 90/120cm 2yr £0.47 STEWARDSHIP HEDGEROW MIX 40/60cm £0.26 STEWARDSHIP HEDGEROW MIX 60/80cm £0.37 STEWARDSHIP HEDGEROW MIX 60/90cm 2 yr £0.45 BAMBOO CANES 90cm £0.07 SPIRAL TREE GUARDS 45cm £0.16

100 Regent Road, Leicester LE1 7DG Tel: 0116 233 6433; Fax: 0116 233 3210; email:

Trees & Shrubs


Per100 Per1000 20/40cm 0.14 0.13 40/60cm 0.20 0.18 40/60cm bushy 0.40 0.37 60/90cm 0.27 0.25 90cm+ 0.48 0.47 Blackthorn 40/60cm 0.16 0.15 60/90cm bushy 0.30 0.28 Beech 40/60cm 0.50 0.48 60/90cm 0.71 0.69 90/120cm 1.10 1.07 Privet 40/60cm 0.45 0.43 60/90cm 2yr 0.68 0.66 Hornbeam 40/60cm 0.35 0.33 60/90cm 0.60 0.58 90/120cm 1.05 1.03 Box 20/30cm 1.05 30/40cm 1.30 English Yew 40/50cm 2.28 50/60cm 3.41 Rabbit Guards 0.18p Canes 0.07p Trees, Specimen Plants, Hedging, All Sizes Available. A standard delivery charge may be added. All Major Credit Cards Accepted. All Prices Exclude Vat Southport Road, Shaw Green, Euxton, Chorley, Lancs, PR7 6EQ Tel: 01257 450533 Fax: 01257 450568 Quickthorn

WOODLAND GRANTS Countryside Stewardship Woodland Creation Grant


Payment rate up to £6800 / ha Includes Plants, Planting, Shelters & Fencing Annual Payments up to £200 /ha for 10 years. Applications Open January / February 2018 Please ring for FREE advice & Information • Top quality trees & hedge plants of northern provenance • Full range of sundries & accessories • Skilled planting & aftercare service


Thorpe Underwood, York YO26 9TA Tel: 01423 330977 E: TREES & HEDGE PLANTS NATIONWIDE


27/12/2017 11:58:24


Looking for Staff?

Looking for work?

Looking for work? 4XtraHands Ltd Tractor Drivers, Milkers, Lambers, Stock People, 4XtraHands Ltd

ooking for Staff?


Call 01772 799500 and place your ad today

People, Farm Mechanics, Fencing and all Rural Staff. re)Tractor Drivers,Pig Milkers, Lambers, Stock People, ig People, Farm Mechanics, Fencing and all Rural Staff. 26

Farmers Guardian Jobs

or 01284 747292 or 01284 747292


ASSISTANT FARM MANAGER Required to work on a new 480,000 bird broiler unit ASSISTANT FARM MANAGER equired near Cannock in Staffordshire.

Follow us on twitter @FGJobs

equired onposition a new 480,000 broileralongside unit ng over to work The involvesbird working the manager

Livestock Specialist


near Cannock in caringinforStaffordshire. the livestock, ensuring a clean and tidy

e position involves alongside the manager farm working along with any general farm duties necessary in ed. Salary: Competitive caring for the livestock, ensuring a clean andAtidy maintaining good standards. house is provided if

rm along with any general farmsalary dutiesdepends necessary required, onin experience. maintaining good standards. A house is provided if Apply writing to Abbey Church Farm, Do youinhave a passion forFoods, agriculture and in particular the livestock required, salary depends on experience. Cannock,WS11 or sector?Hatherton, Would attending livestock1RR markets, agricultural shows, technical Apply in writingmeetings to Abbey Foods, Farm, email or pressChurch launches and digging deep into the latest developments Hatherton, 1RR or beCannock,WS11 your kind of day? email

Briefing Media Agriculture is looking for a livestock specialist to join its editorial team based in our Preston, Lancashire HQ.

The successful candidate will be responsible for generating much of the content for the popular sales section of Farmers Guardian and our website, and will be heavily involved in our unrivalled coverage of summer livestock shows.

ardian an ural Information Business is now

There will also be the opportunity to delve deeper into technical topics, and get out onto farms to interview farmers about how they’ve improved their business.

Previous journalistic experience isn’t essential; we are looking for ng Sales Executive ation Business is now enthusiastic, highly motivated team players with a deep-rooted interest in thefor livestock sector. industry, with a key focus ding media brand the agricultural xecutive

estock, arable You’ll and dairy farming sectors, in printand and online. need an aptitude forfocus writing getting the story over in print and nd for the agricultural industry, with a key premier events: LAMMA, the will UK’sneed largest machinery show, online, and you to be flexible in terms of your working day/ and dairy farming sectors, in print and online. advisors develop profitable sustainable farming andYou thewill also need a full driving week, as well and as being prepared to travel. : LAMMA, the licence. UK’s largest machinery show,suited to someone seeking their first job in The position is ideally op profitable and sustainable farming and the agricultural journalism. armers Guardian classified team for an enthusiastic telesales positions offer sales a competitive salary and excellent package, including e business byThe making effective presentations to new n classified team anholiday, enthusiastic telesales 25 for days contributory pension plan, free life assurance and folio of products which also includes subscription sales and childcare scheme. making effective sales voucher presentations to new s which also includes andand covering letter, along with any To apply,subscription please sendsales your CV ed individual with the drive to the succeed targets. – examples of and yourhunger work, to Head set of Livestock ng environment. Previous experience is not essential with full th the drive and hunger to succeed set targets. ck opportunities are available. The closing is 19th January 2018 Previous experience is notdate essential with full commission suncapped are available.

Farmers Guardian

mission contributory pension scheme and free life assurance


Location: Preston

We require a candidate with excellent communication skills and relevant managerial experience to join our high profile dairy, sheep and poultry unit in the South of England. The role would suit an individual who has spent time managing livestock and is looking for the next step in the career ladder. The job is varied, interesting and at times challenging. You must possess excellent people skills. Some teaching experience would be advantageous but not essential. We provide on-going training and personal development. THE JOB WILL ENTAIL:• 240 hectares of grass and forage crops • Milking 120-130 cows, a flock of 400 ewes, working in a team of 4 • Stockmanship and a sound mechanical background essential • Day to day, safe management of the unit to a high standard of detail • Responsibility for Cross Compliance issues and running the unit as a business The role involves much interaction and flexibility towards other stakeholders in the organisation. The area has excellent schools, good links and facilities. Accommodation will be provided and the salary will be commensurate with experience. Please send a covering letter and CV to: Helen Kenvin, Sentry Ltd, The Hall, Willisham, Ipswich Suffolk IP8 4SL Email: You must be able to provide suitable references from previous employer(s)

Looking for Staff?

Looking for work?

4XtraHands Ltd Tractor Drivers, Milkers, Lambers, Stock People, Pig People, Farm Mechanics, Fencing and all Rural Staff. or 01284 747292

Save on farming products

To subscribe call 0330 333 0056 quote HAFG17B on scheme and free life assurance

Job hunting doesn‘t have to be like looking for a needle in a haystack...

Q3 house ads FarmBuyer.indd 20/09/2017 4 12:37

January 13, 2017 | 41 Farmers Guardian Jobs makes it easy to find a new job in agriculture. January 13, 2017 | 41 With hundreds of vacancies split by career specialism, your perfect job is waiting to be discovered. 11/01/2017 14:03:12 11/01/2017 14:03:12 Farmers Guardian Jobs


LKL Services Ltd, Agriculture House/ Unit C, Old Sarum Park, Salisbury, Wiltshire SP4 6EB


We currently have a wide range of positions available nationwide to include:• Herdsperson, Shropshire, 500 cows • Versatile Stockperson, East Midlands, 450 cows • Assistant Herdsperson, Wiltshire, 400 cows • Working Herd Manager, Cumbria, 2000 cows • Herdsperson, Derbyshire, 250 cows Relief Herdspersons Nationwide. LKL provides the perfect solution for finding the very best herd carers and managers. Visit our website for a full list of our current vacancies. Web: ☎ 01722 323546

p035.indd 35

Stockperson Required

Situations Wanted

For 250 Limousin suckler herd, Lancashire

Please contact 01942 723 479 for further details

FG 01772 799500

Hard working Slovakian/Czech workers looking for work in the UK Please call Andy on 00 42 1 940 33 3245 /

December 29, 2017 |


27/12/2017 11:26:13 Horticulture

Dairy Equipment




10,000 Ltr NEW Roka *Special Price* 6,000 Ltr Fabdec + new cleaner 6,000 Ltr Fabdec 8,000 Ltr Mueller 5,000 Ltr Delaval 8,000 Ltr Fabdec 5,000 Ltr Fullwood Packo Instant Cooling 7,200 Ltr Japy 5,000 Ltr Japy + New Cleaner 7,000 Ltr Roka 4,500 Ltr Fabdec 6,200 Ltr Fullwood Packo 3,400 Ltr Fullwood Packo open top instant cooling 6,000 Ltr Roka + New Cleaner ½ Ton Ice Builder up to 7000 every other day 6,000 Ltr Ice Bank Tank Instant Cooling 1 Ton Ice Builder – 3 Years Old

Within a 15 mile radius of Ormskirk, Lancashire R Draper Ltd For further information:

Contact Alan: 07889 454914 or 01695 722315 email:


Personal Services






Tanks wanted - 6,000 Ltr and above.

For further details please call S.W Refrigeration specialising in “On Farm cooling Equipment” 01392 210344 or Paul on 07974 140949

All Tanks can be fitted anywhere in the country or ex-yard and all come with a 12 month warranty. Talk to us about our “Green Machine” Heat Recovery System. With almost all installations returning a 30-50% return on investment, can you afford not to install it on your Dairy Farm? Please see for more info.



Oil Heifer Plus (Whey) 20% Calf Delight (Skim) 20% Calf Supreme (Skim) 20% Tip Top (Whey) 20% Calf Content (Whey) 19% Super XL (Whey) 19%

NEW, RE-CON AND USED BULK MILK TANKS Available from the Fabdec DARI-KOOL and GEA TCool main dealers in the north west. All milk refrigeration work also undertaken by F Gas qualified engineers providing 24/7 cover on all makes of tank including servicing, breakdown & annual maintenance contracts. Shepherd Dairy Services. Tel: 01772 972150 or 07912 521722 (T)

Heat Time with 65 collars. 2 Dump Buckets.

Tel: 07931 894953 Leics (P)

p036.indd 36

December 29, 2017

Protein 26% 26% 24% 24% 23% 22.5%

Fibre Nil Nil Nil Nil Nil 0.05

For Further details Telephone 01387 750459

To include 3700 litres Dari-kool tank, 14/14 Westfalia herringbone parlour with ATL feeders.



FOR HEALTHY CALVES *Test Colostrum * * Freeze only Quality Colostrum * * Thaw 4litre pack within 20mins * * Feed immediately after birth * For more details contact BRITMILK Tel : 01387 750459







Like us on Facebook

Get the latest shows and sales news from Farmers Guardian with our new Facebook page

talk to someone who understands and supports? Total confidentiality assured. - Tel 07837 931894*




Ro-Ka 4,000 Litres Delaval 4,500 Litres Ro-Ka 5,000 Litres Delaval 6,750 Litres Ro-Ka 7,000 Litres Fabdec 8,000 Litres Mueller 8,000 Litres Delaval 10,000 Litres Mueller 12,000 Litres Serap 15,000 Litres Kristal 16,000 Litres Part exchange considered This is only a selection of the tanks currently in stock.

Please ring for further requirements.

KRISTAL D&D Ltd Bromyard

Formerly Domestic and Dairy

Tel: 01885 483576 Click Bulk Tanks For Stock

Portable Milking Machine Complete with Honda engine and Electric motor. This unit is ready for work and can be delivered anywhere in the UK. Livestock Supplies LTD Call Ashley on: 07831 887531 or 01829 260328

MILKING PARLOUR 10/20 Westfalia (GEA) with Feeders. Includes 10 2009 Dairy Master Milk Metres & Fulwood Autowash system. G.W.O, still in use. Available for removal February 2018. £12,500 plus vat. POLLOCK SCRAPERS for sale spares or repairs POA Tel: Robert Moore on: 07884 495122 Preston Lancs

Reaching deeper and further into UK farming than any other media group


27/12/2017 11:27:54

Call 01772 799500 and place your ad today

Livestock Equipment LIVESTOCK EQUIPMENT _3x6.indd 1



05/07/2016 19:27

Home of the World Renowned Mayo Mattress Range

Proudly Partnering British Farmers for Almost 30 Years

•• •• ••



Quality lamb milk suitable for all feeding systems BIOSTART:- Probiotic, Prebiotic and Egg proteins for improved health



The most cow friendly system on the market Fully operational in all weather conditions (including dry cold frost) Easy to operate but high tech! 1 control box for 6 passage independent operation Little or no pre-installation 5 year warranty on track & scrapers

Feeds 120 lambs/kids Feeds 25 calves 11kg Hopper 1750w water tank 10 Litre water tank

Labour saving, cost effective, healthy youngstock For further information contact

01387 750459 • 01704 821717/ 823215 Ballantrae House, Collin, Dumfries, DG1 4PT

HOPKINS QUICK FIT CATTLE GRID AND BASE Installed within hours not days. Minimal labour. Maintenance free. No concrete/blocks required – set in the ground on a hard-core base


HOPKINS STEEL FABRICATIONS Unit 2A, Lion Works, Pool Road, Newtown, Powys SY16 3AG

Tel 01686 627374 Fax 01686 627515

COSISAN Ultimate Bedding Conditioner Containing a DEFRA APPROVED Disinfectant Drier Beds • Sanitised Beds

01387 750459 V12 Shearing



Calf Hutches. Complete with fencing. A large selection of all animal and calf feeding equipment and all other associated products also available. Massive saving on list price Livestock Supplies Ltd. Tel: 07831 887531 or 01829 260328

p037.indd 37

and crutching machine £345, Super Crook from NZ £30, The sheep shearing equipment specialists. Shearing pens and all requisites for the shearer. New for 2017 heavy duty pneumatic hoof pairer. George Mudge & Co - Tel: 01822 615456


tailing and cattle clipping, £148.95+VAT.Tel: 01200 427419 www.


New range of 1 - 5 Tonne Hopper Fillers. Parlour Feeders and Horse Feeders also available. What are you looking for? Tel: 01235 772161 or peter.allen@mailmansion.

Save on farming products

To subscribe call 0330 333 0056 quote HAFG17B December 29, 2017 |


Q3 house ads FarmBuyer.indd 20/09/2017 4 12:37

27/12/2017 11:29:32 Livestock Services


Livestock Equipment LIVESTOCK_EQUIPMENT_3x3.indd 1



COLLECTORS OF DEAD ANIMALS THROUGHOUT LANCASHIRE AND CHESHIRE Competitive prices PLEASE CALL: 01704 893161 or 07768 051800 (24 hrs) Martland’s the name, knackering’s the game Established over 100 years 13:54

ROBINSON MITCHELL LTD Daily collections of all types of fallen stock throughout the North of England.

Tel: 01524 261144 or 01524 263022 or 01274 833196 Cattle Slats - Maxi & Big T Slurry Channel - 1.2m, 2.4m & 3m Stock Wall Panels - 100mm Silage/Grain Wall Panels - 135 mm Free Standing L Walls - Any size Feed Troughs - Various types

Water Troughs - 450 gals Effluent Tanks - Sectional with covers Beams & Columns - Any size Modular Slurry Store - Any size Cubicle Beds - Single or doubles Hatch Panel - Galvanised steel cover

Braehead, Barrhill, Ayrshire, KA26 0QR T 01465 821 348 F 01465 821 383 E

John F. Helliwell H Livestock Transporter H Cattle Dealer Requires all classes of cattle - All areas covered

H Best Prices Paid H Payment in 2 days

Telephone: 07774 620008 anytime

Nixons Knacker

Friendly Family run business, fully licenced and approved. All fallen stock covered, horse specialist. Deer management & park culling. Areas covered; Lancs, Cheshire, Derbys & N.Wales 24 hours a day, 7 days a week. Tel: 07707 533097 or 07903 204919






Made in barnsley

Plain & Cows & Bulls Wanted. Also casualty collection service with veterinary certificates direct to our own abattoir.

BAMBER BRIDGE Lancs, Cumbria, Cheshire. Yorkshire.

Tel: 01226 730037

TEXT OR TELEPHONE STEPHEN: 07860 636 605 DAVID: 07842 876 590 OFFICE: 01772 626 951

V-Mac Silos

Suitable for Grain, Meal and Pellets. Capacity 1 - 60 tonne 45 or 60 Deg. Hopper Bottom

A Winder & Son Cumbria

0777 9444 174 ND Jeans Somerset

01963 370 044

Danagri-3s Ltd Tel. 01746 762777



p038.indd 38

December 29, 2017


01691 662690


Service in Yorkshire, Lancashire & Cumbria Areas. Contact Nick Brown: 07540 286192




Sheep Scanning services, covering all areas.

Tel: 07813 693316 (T)


-Tel: 01900 817009 or 07759 194600 Nationwide (T)

IAN SMITH Livestock

Scanning Services. Across the North -Tel: 01200 445750 or 07976 539197 (T)



Contact Robert Garth - Tel: 07971 874939

N.Yorks/Lancs (T)

Poultry CREAGMHOR POULTRY Point of lay

pullets, day old chicks/ broiler chicks. Commercial Brown Hybrids POL, Blackrocks, Light Sussex and other coloured hybrids. Ducklings. Cheshire Blue, Blue Egg layers. Nationwide Delivery-Tel: 07946 761435 Cheshire


EGG PACKING MATERIALS Trays, Pre-Packs plain and printed. Outer cases. Staples etc. All you need to present your eggs from

J. COULTHURST Bamber Bridge (01772) 623123


Pigs Indoor / Outdoor Modular Silo


Poultry Equipment

Our brands reach deeply into all the major agricultural sectors arable, dairy, livestock, agricultural machinery, finance and equipment


Tel:01772613719 Lancs

Recruiting new B & B finisher farms Sheep Cattle and General Purpose Buildings needed Training for First time pig rearers

Tel 07746295291

M J Kiddy & Son Cambridgeshire

A good selection of Large White & Hampshire boars & gilts available Telephone: 01767 650884 or 07808 204363


Egg Laying Hybrid. Available from CMP, Day old chicks, POL, from Sept 2016 Tel: 07946 761435 Creag-MhorPoultry



Novo-Brown direct from the breeder Tom Barron Ltd. The Poultry Farm, Square Lane, Catforth, Preston PR4 0HQ - Tel: 01772 692078


Wholesale prices available February onwards. Prebookings welcome. Springhill Poultry Tel: 07946 651185 Shrops

27/12/2017 11:31:10

Call 01772 799500 and place your ad today Dairy Cattle

Farmers Guardian




BR OU UA T O RY N 23 r


Be part of our essential Dairy Supplement published with Farmers Guardian on 23rd February The Dairy Supplement will look ahead to spring turnout, and will include articles on animal health and nutrition including ways to tackle lameness using a team approach with your vet. It will also include features on dairy farmers around the UK, and will look to the UK Dairy Expo, what visitors can expect to see at the event, and feature some of the event’s judges, along with previous and prospective cattle exhibitors.

To advertise in our Dairy Supplement please contact Katie on 01772 799500, or email Advertising Deadline Classified - February 9, 2018

IMPORTED PEDIGREE DAIRY CATTLE From Holland, Germany, France & Ireland. You can select on the holdings in Europe. All the above livestock are of the highest quality and all paperwork and testing meet our stringent regulations. German, Dutch, French and Irish In Calf, & Fresh Calf, Pedigree Heifers available now

Weekly Selection of 8-10 Pedigree Fresh Calved Heifers.

A weekly selection of Fresh Calved Cows & Heifers sourced within the UK. All guaranteed & delivered anywhere in the UK. Finance can be arranged


• Dairy Heifers & Cows to suit all systems, Holstein, Fleckvieh, Montbeliarde, Jerseys, Pedigree and commercial. 10 years’ • Escorted selection with your local UK rep experience of • All ministry paperwork completed on your behalf. • Full service from selection to delivery on farm. livestock imports. • TB free, from selected elite health status herds only. • All animals precautionary blood tested for BTV-8 (Bluetongue) on selection. • UK stock also sourced. Full and part loads delivered, finance available with insurance covered.

Based in Cheshire, nationwide delivery. Call Alan 07812 663167 or Di 01606 869253 Email: For prices and latest stock list visit our website

Livestock Supplies Ltd

Telephone: 07831 887531 or 01829 260328

FG Buy and Sell 01772 799500 Available Now

Keenest Price Guaranteed


Suppliers of Quality Livestock • Fresh calved and in-calf heifers and young cows • Select on farms in Ireland, France, Germany, Holland • Delivered direct to your farm. Call David Clarke 00353 87257 6434 or 07712 815792

Wishing all our customers a prosperous 2018

p039.indd 39


Too Warm • High in SCC • High water content • Loss of contract • Surplus milk PUT THIS NUMBER IN YOUR PHONE! •

07967 565 264 01270 811 394 ROB HUNTBACH

DENMIRE Choice of Holstein Young Bulls

Ready to work. From, high yielding long lasting cows

01229 869428 07791 290170 Michael: 07713 245220 Andrew:

FG Buy and Sell

01772 799500 December 29, 2017 |


27/12/2017 11:33:03 Dairy Cattle

Beef Cattle

Davies Dairy Stock

Danny Davies - 0777 613 2071

supplier of calved heifers & cows, In-calf heifers & young stock, supplied from Europe and the UK. All expenses paid trips to view livestock TB Free animals, half loads available.

Finance available, subject to T & C’s Please call for a price on your Dairy Cattle requirements, all prices are including delivery.

Follow us on Twitter @DairyStock Telephone: 0777 613 2071 Email:

FRESH REARING CALVES Available in suitable batches delivered to most parts of the country Continental Bull and Heifer calves 3-5 weeks old available now. Quality store cattle sourced directly from Welsh/Shropshire Borders Farms, delivered to your farm. Delivery Nationwide.

2 ½ YEARS OLD FULL BLOOD Also embryos and semen available UK DELIVERY Tel Oliver O’Hanlon 00353 86315 4942

Livestock Supplies Ltd TEL: 07831 887531 or 01829 260328


Pedigree Angus Bulls Home bred, bio-best high health. Good temperament. Vigorous calves and fast growing. Bulls TB tested & ready to go. Bob Lane, Shrops

01952 813162 or 07720 377520



For more than 25 years we’ve supplied hundreds of satisfied customers. We are competitive with no middle man. • Dutch, German, Danish & French Holsteins. TB FREE-High health status. • Brown Swiss, Jersey, Irish Grazing, Organic etc. available. • Fly and buy or use our experts. Full or part load. Call Job 0031 653847116 or 0781 2107337 FINANCE CAN BE ARRANGED

cD D L cD L D L L

Danish Reds/ Scandinavian Reds, Holstein, Jersey & Fleckvieh. ivestock ltd Also crossbreeds available High Health Status a priority (TB, BVD, IBR & Lepto) Competitive Prices, Bespoke Selection Service Full or Part loads delivered nationwide

ivestock ltd

Chris: 07885731502 or Andrew: 07950030586

All home bred, quiet to handle. Delivery available.

07885 594143 or 01394 460408 (East Anglia)


01978 664418 OR 07986 113221 WREXHAM (P) ��A��I�N��ERD����EN�A������



07866 222062 - details on website ������������������-�����������


Reaching deeper and further into UK farming than any other media group FG 40


p040.indd 40

December 29, 2017


Ready to work, delivered direct to your farm, very quiet, easy calving. Health monitored, closed herd, In calf & bulling heifers, cows with calves at foot, full pedigree with each animal, Red tractor.

Tel: 077157 64351


Please call Bob on 07891445676

BUITELAAR PRODUCTION LTD Black & White Bulls Increase Production by selling bulls younger 440kg + live weight Straight through under written pricing Call Terry Coupe For more information

PEDIGREE POLLED HEREFORDS FOR SALE 6 Bulling Heifers and 2 Bulls, all 21 months old. Top Quality, Organic, High Health Status, TB Tested and ready to move.

07773 370232


07788412098 Hungerford, Berkshire (P)




For Sale, priced from £2,000 High Health, TB4. 07767 307044 S.Yorks (P) AA ABBERTON ANGUS bulls & heif-

ers, biobest, elite health accreditation IBR, BVD, Lepto Johnes - Tel: 01386 462534 or 07592 798555

Sheep SHEEP


Wooden. Any length. With or without end loops (With loops made to order) Tel T I Askew 01729 840094 or mobile 07973 951066 N Yorks (T)

NEW STEEL HURDLES 4ft, 5ft & 6ft all £11.99. Free delivery, discount for quantities. Ring anytime.

Tel:01260 280323

FG Buy and Sell

01772 799500

De-horned, 7/8 months old.

Tel:01142851549 or 07917758264 S.Yorks (P) PEDIGREE SIMMENTAL Bulls. Easy

Calving, Good temperament. Johnes & BVD accredited herd. BVD, IBR and Lepto vaccinated. Ready for work. -Tel: 01948 770408 Mobile: 07714 089001



For Shepherding, Farmwork and Trialing

If it chases sheep, I’ll train it! Tel (01535)


BORDER COLLIE PUPS 8 available, 5 bitches 3 dogs. ISDS registered, chipped and vaccinated. 9 weeks old. Excellent working parents. £400 each.

Tel:07811999226 S.Wales (P)

27/12/2017 11:53:33

Call 01772 799500 and place your ad today Feedstuffs & Bedding

Livestock Technology

The Original Innovators and Manufacturers of Kiln Dried Paper Bedding

BEAT RISING STRAW PRICES THIS WINTER WITH OUR FANTASTIC FIXED PRICE OFFER Why pay escalang prices this Winter for straw and sawdust? Join our many happy customers on fixed price deals for this season!

MAYO HEALTHCARE Enhancing Animal Health


more? y a p y Wh edding b r u o Fix y now!!! s e c i r p


5 in 1 BOLUS

95% Dry maer gives superb absorbency Kiln dried recycled paper fibre


LTHCARE AY OinHEEA EnMha AL nc TH CAHe g An Enh An REal ancing im al ima l Hea th lth

Unlike other drying techniques, Cozi-Bed is high temperature dried, helping to neutralize yeasts, moulds and pathogens in the bedding




✓ Cobalt ✓ Selenium ✓ Iodine ✓ Zinc ✓ Copper (also available


07484 090110








Cheap alternative livestock bedding


susceptible to Copper toxicity)



For more information contact Pearce Hughes:

01978 799 774

07866 772 478

• High Lime value helps to reduce cell counts • Suitable for most livestock systems • Reduced wear/maintenance on equipment • Reduce bedding storage requirements • Reduce vermin

For more information call: 08081 787655 Email: DAIRYBED • PO BOX 447 • ASHFORD KENT • TN23 9NL

Hay & Straw for Sale in all types of Bales. Good quality. Reasonable prices. TEL: (01625) 531629 OR (01625) 522249

GOOD QUALITY HAYLAGE 6 band 5 ft long bales for sale P.O.A

Tel: 07894463083 or 07714288843, North Yorks (P)

Feedstuffs & Bedding



01565 830002



Coba • Zinc Iodine • lt Sele Copper nium L without Copper for breeds SMA L B

01949 844700

Farm assured quality cattle & sheep feeds available for Nationwide Delivery. Dry cereal rations suitable for all breeding and fattening stock at very competitive prices. Available in bulk or 1 tonne bags delivered or collected.

If it’s not our name on the bag, It’s NOT our salt!

Telephone: 01981 250301

FODDER BEET Cleaned, Competitive Prices, Direct from the grower

Collect or Delivered in all sizes of loads Tel: 07836 565 481 Lancs

A VARIETY OF HIGH ENERGY FEEDS • Cereal Mixture (approx. 14% protein/12.5 ME)

from £145 per tonne ex store

• Cereal Blend

(approx. 16% protein/13.2 ME)

from £155 per tonne ex store

• Mixed Pellets

(approx. 18% protein/14 ME)

from £165 per tonne ex store

1 tonne bags delivered anywhere in England & Wales:

• Cereal Mixture £195 delivered • Mixed Pellets £215 delivered • Cereal Blend £205 delivered

p041.indd 41


LOWER YOUR VET BILLS WITH WASHED SILICA SAND CUBICLE BEDDING * Helps to eradicate mastitis problems and lowers your milk count * Equestrian sand also available

Tel 07730 897138 / 01484 603130 December 29, 2017 |


27/12/2017 11:54:16 Feedstuffs & Bedding

Trailers & Boxes


TOMLINSON BROS Top Quality Hay & Straw.Cheshire All types of big bales.

Great alternative to expensive straw

01829 782378 07710 933681

£60 per tonne*

Call Lincs-Bed For More Information on


The Calf Company Milk Powders


Dust extracted 20k Bales From £3.50+VAT Ex-Works CH65 4EG Delivery Available from 35-800 Bales

Tel: 07902 185346 (T) LIQUID

Supplier of quality Milk Powders for both Dairy & Beef calves.

F E E D S to

encourage forage intake. Molasses and molasses blends plus additional minerals if required. J E Morten: 01663-734621 H i g h

Peak, Derbyshire (T)

Range of Skim & Whey based powders Order Direct from us, including Next day delivery direct to farm Call: 01606 869253 Website: UFAS:886


replacer. Full range of top quality products. Competitively priced. U.F.A.S reg. Tel: Chris 01522 680815 / 07778 743080 Nationwide

01772 600395 Barlow Trailers TEL: FAX: 01772 601389 Main distributor for Ifor Williams and Equitrek. Full range of Ifor Williams New & Used trailers in Stock. Open 7 days

HFB Trailers Leek Ltd Main Distributors for Ifor Williams Trailers.

Lyme House Farm, Dunwood Lane, Rudyard, Leek, ST13 8RH Full range of Ifor Williams new & used trailers in stock. Tel: 01538 306212 Fax: 01538 306420 website:

Stables Arenas & Fencing RUBBER CHIP clean,

screened, wire free. Bulk deliver or collect. Samples, quotes - Tel : 01282 434030 Burnley (T)

Save on farming products Visit

To subscribe call 0330 333 0056 and quote HAFG17B

Building Materials Q3 house ads FarmBuyer.indd 3

20/09/2017 12:37

Delivery (T)

CLEANED FODDER BEET ideal for root cut-

ting equipment. Regular supply available Tel: 07860 212800 or 01944 758356 www.raydarley.


• Suitable for all housing types including mats/mattresses- or where deep bedding previously used. • Clean & dry bedding for all livestock- available in bales. • Alternative products available. Call in today on 01978 854666 Visit our website

29.12.17 FG Classified Ad Mixbed .indd 1



Tel: 01387 750459 Thinford Shavings Ltd

Bulk sawdust Best quality

Bulk, Tipped or Blown Reasonably Priced

Nationwide delivery


Tel: 01913779360 or

Tel: 01335 370790 Mobile: 07968 505014



p042.indd 42

- Tel: 01765 658383 or 07730 200702 North

Yorks (T)

Our brands reach deeply into all the major agricultural sectors arable, dairy, livestock, agricultural machinery, finance and equipment

20/12/2017 14:31






T: 01538 398 708

Manufacturers of Roofing Sheets and Flashings...

• Roofing Sheets • Flashings • Anti-Condensation • Fibre Cement • Rooflights • PVC Gutter

Cut to any length you need

• Fast Turnaround on manufacture • Own Nationwide Transport


December 29, 2017

27/12/2017 11:37:32

Call 01772 799500 and place your ad today Building Materials

Panel Systems








Rapid Turnaround

even on bespoke orders








ssured C



Fast Nationwide Delivery

Concrete Panel uses include:

Concrete Panel dimensions:

Silage Pit Grain & Crop Storage Flood Defence Walling

Heights : 500mm, 600mm, 750mm & 1000mm

Soil Retention Security Walling Aggregate Storage Flooring

Thickness : 90mm, 140mm, & 170mm

Any length

Call today for an instant quote or advice:

Find us on:

01270 258076 / 07870545520

@concretepanelsystems @concretepanels

Farmers Guardian



in ita Br ing ep m Ke Far

We are currently aware of a number of fraudulent advertisers attempting to sell items within the classified section. Whilst we endeavour to protect our readers and pull these adverts before going to press, sometimes they may unfortunately appear in print. Please be mindful before entering into any deals you PROCEED WITH CAUTION with the seller and do not part with money until goods are received. Farmers Guardian are NOT responsible for any part of the transaction that takes place with the seller and the buyer.

d pi ry Ra live e D


• • • • •


p043.indd 43



Mobile 16t Crusher Up to 500 tonnes per day Can operate in restricted access areas Ideal for on farm or remote areas All areas covered

T & P Metcalfe & Son Ltd

Tel: 015242 22230

Mob: 07887812152 December 29, 2017 |


27/12/2017 11:30 Building Materials

Tougher concrete products! Call sales today to find out more

High spec prestressed concrete panels Fast delivery nationwide We manufacture to any length required


4”, 6” and 8” thickness up to 5ft high panels



01270 656016

Marke rkedd CEMa CE

TEL: 01904 400215 FAX: 01904 400517

Pre-Stressed Concrete Wall Panels Inspired by the latest technology in Pre-stressed Concrete Wall Panels and with the desire to continue in meeting our customers’ requirements regarding Quality, Design, Volume & Delivery ... ... we have opened a new & improved manufacturing facility in Greenfield, Flintshire, North Wales

• Brand new precision built moulds & tooling • Larger range of sizes & loadbearing options (95, 145, 200 & new 240, 280mm)

• Selection of Concrete Lego Blocks • Increased capacity • Made to measure • Shorter lead-times

• Established Quality Assured CE marked products • Design & Bespoke Project capability

t: 01352 719182 f: 01352 837690 e:


Manufacturers BoxProfile Profile & & Corrugated Corrugated Roof & Wall Cladding · Vent Manufacturers of:of: Box Roof & Wall Cladding · Vent Perforated & Anti-Con Sheets · Curved Sheets ·Purlins and Sections · Air,Air, Perforated & Anti-Con Sheets · Curved Sheets ·Purlins and Sections · Folded Galvanised Guttering Folded Galvanised Guttering 01568 61 00 00

01568 61 00 00

• Box Profile • 3” Corrugated • Tile Form • Gutters • Anticondensation • Insulated • Flashings & Trims

Tel: 0121 707 0165 Fax: 0121 766 7767 Email: /

Composite Panels Made to order Choice of colours and thickness UK Sourced Nationwide Delivery Very Competitive Prices Full Range Of Accessories For Friendly Advice and a Quotation Call Tel: 01246 858222



December 29, 2017

p044.indd 44



Varley Insulation Products Ltd t: 01772 690360



tics Twin wall pipes 4’’ – 3ft dia. Land Drain Coil, heavy duty, 3’’ – 6’’ dia. Septic / water tanks M.D.P.E water pipes 20mm-63mm dia. Tel: 01200 445874 or Ben 07881 448344 Lancs



timber offcuts perfect for firewood £10 bulk bag collected ex Wigan/ Walkden Delivery POA Tel: 07764255435 (T)

Purlins & Sections

Gutters Gutters

Purlins & Sections

Fibre Cement Fibre Cement and GRP and GRP Rooflights Rooflights

Marketleader leader Market in Steel SteelBuilding Building Components Components

Cladding Cladding



27/12/2017 11:31

Call 01772 799500 and place your ad today nBuilding Materials


Northern Metal Roofing Limited We make and supply all types of metal roofing and accessories. Eliminate the risk of condensation with the unique Tek28 insulated panel Good quality seconds always available. For pricing and free advice, contact your local depot

Leeds 01977 689009 : Hexham 01434 606677 BLUE BEAR TRADING Stone. Concrete

sleepers. Tele Poles. Concrete Panels. Motorway Barriers. Shipping Containers. Great Price Quotation. Various Sites. Delivery Nationwide. info@ Credit Card Payments Accepted Tel: 07515 279198/ 01313060036


J SHARPLES Most types of new and reusable steel girders, pipe, angle and box section. Box profile, roofing sheets, bricks, stone, flags, cobbles, lintels.

01829 423123

Tel: 01772 250542/628644

Quality pre stressed concrete panels Prompt delivery Concrete Panel Company

Tel: 01757 282299 or mobile 07495 240555 (T)


01694 751265


C O N C R E T E railway

sleepers. Nationwide delivery Mob 07976 206477 or 07976 226308 or 01782 723083 jill.

Most sizes available Seconds ---------Tel: 07966 470344 Steve Jones Plant & Machinery. Telford


Nr Evesham, Worcs, 2500, 5000, 10000 LITRES WR11 8QH

3mm steel, 230 volt / 60 lpm pump, 6 metre hose, fuel filter mechanical flow metre, auto shut off nozzle, contents gauge, deadlock with 2 keys, anti-corrosion paint Telephone: 01789 721112


nMiscellaneous Sales INSULATED PANELS

Refrigeration & Plant equipment, used fridge panels. Shop fittings and displays. Tel:01782 823030 or 07833 567444

We manufacture, supply & build... • Cubicle Buildings • Lambing Sheds • Dairy Units • Workshops • Grain Stores • Industrial Units • Bespoke Design

• Internal Stables • Stable Blocks • Indoor Arenas • Hay & Straw Stores

01606 738 738 | |





C.H.F. SUPPLIES 01995 670888

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FG Buy and Sell

01772 799500


December 29, 2017 |


27/12/2017 11:39:13 Buildings

8 out of 10 elves prefer grahamheath

livestock, machinery and crop buildings! GRAIN STORE 1,000T


Roller shutter & personnel doors & 140mm concrete panels.

Roller shutter & personnel doors & 140mm concrete panels.

£34,995 80 x 60 x 20 *

£49,495* 120 x 60 x 22

(*Ex works)

We now provide internal concrete flooring installation

CALL US NOW! 01270 781158 or email

Happy Christmas from all at Graham Heath Construction & our very best wishes for the new year!

SHUFFLEBOTTOM ◆ Built for durability and security ◆ Nationwide construction service ◆ Full planning and design service ◆ Bespoke buildings ◆ ISO 9001 Registered company ◆ CHAS & RoSPA member

Find us on:


First British maker of steel-framed farm buildings to receive the European mark

◆ Grain and crop stores ◆ Factories and industrial units ◆ Kit buildings and Erected buildings ◆ Equestrian buildings ◆ General purpose buildings ◆ Sheep housing ◆ Dairy and pig units

T : 01269 831831 E : W :


SPRAY FOAM INSULATION To Crop & Livestock Stores, Poultry Sheds, Cattle & Pig Buildings, Workshops & Barns. Frost & Condensation Protection. Temperature Control Energy Saving

Tel: 01405 812682

Any Shed, Any Size, Anywhere

Livestock Offer - 100’x40’x15’ + 4’6” Cantilever - From £17,000.00 * 3-5 Week Delivery on supply only 80x60x18 Grain Store offer Complete with fibre cement roof, box profile cladding, purlins, rails, fixings, concrete panels etc - All from £35,500 Office: 01270 780 017 Email: Web: STEEL MONO PITCH BUILDING 30 x 30ft.

FG Buy and Sell 01772 799500 46


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Caution. Be careful anytime you are asked for personal information. If someone asks, don’t provide the information requested without confirming that they are legitimate. Farmers Guardian only ever ask for your banking information if you are purchasing a product from us and will always call from 01772 799 500 or 01772 799 400.


Highest point from 15ft to 14ft with Timber Purlins 01630 684004 / 07974 569954 Shrops (T)

FG Buy and Sell

01772 799500

27/12/2017 12:00:11

Call 01772 799500 and place your ad today Buildings


“Simply better buildings” We will beat any genuine like for like quote 30 years experience in the supply of quality buildings for Agricultural, Commercial or Equestrian use. Any size buildings, groundworks & extensions.

Caravans & Log Cabins

• Telephone: 01948 770 111 • Email: • Steelforce UK, Well House, Sarn, Malpas, Cheshire, SY14 7LN


Livestock Offer

• • • •

Specialists in Steel Framed Buildings Design, Fabrication & Installation Agricultural, Equestrian and Industrial Buildings Barns, Dairy Buildings, Grain Stores, Cubicle Buildings, Stables, Riding Arenas

Office: 01630 409009 Mob: 07498 357997 Email -

100’ x 40’ x 14’ Clad with Yorkshire Boarding Fibre Cement Roof 6’6’’ High Concrete Panels Galv Purlins C24 Timber Eaves and Rails 15’ Doorway each end

We offer farmers and land owners a range of Mobile & Traditional Timber Homes from £19.000 for a 1 bedroom Lodge. We have lodges on Farms to view throughout England & Wales. Planning Service Available. 01484 885395 Mobile 07733390801 email


Log homes, holiday chalets, mobile homes. All built to your requirements, delivered and erected anywhere, we offer builds in round, square, cavity and random log up to 360mm thick meeting all current building regulations.

£16,750.00 (exc VAT & Delivery)

Tel 01580 212141 STATIC CARAVANS

For sale, excellent selection. I will have the caravan you’re looking for! -Tel: John Dewhurst 01535 658846 or Mobile: 07885 047114


Clean & tidy, two & three bedrooms. 10ft &12ft wide. Selection from £550 can Deliver National-Tel: 01938 570265, Powys (T)


For sale 10ft & 12ft wide selections. Woods Caravans. Tel: 01524 732609 or 07889 771344

Forestry/ Fencing GOLDEN SONEY LTD

We are a well established timber supplier. Our products range from 12ft rails, half, full, round and square posts. Metal and wood gates in stock. Stock, barb, plain and Chicken wire.We also stock staples, gatelocks, hinges. Can deliver. Call 01254 914640, 07565 241321, 07739 506191. Dar-

wen, Lancs (T)

Carnforth, Lancs (T)



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Heating & Ventilation

SSS Industrial Doors

REKORD HEATERS (2) Auto Humid Stat

Manufacture, supply and installation DIY kits available Nationwide Telephone Bolton 0845 8630590 or 07917 864585

control variable settings 116k to 560k BTU. Staffs/Derbys Area Tel: 07817 837512 (P)



5’6’’ x 3’’ - 4’’. Economy posts from £1.96 Mixed Species. 15 year warranty from £2.50. Creosote 30 year warranty from £3.74. Longleat: 01985 219555 Aston

Magna: 651096 (T)



Redearth Farm, Bolton, Lancs.

FG Buy and Sell

01772 799500 December 29, 2017 |


27/12/2017 11:59:20

Property & Land Property_&_Land_3x6.indd 1

05/07/2016 19:43


Where now with farmland prices? Mike Taylor on the value of short-term lets


hile I have been in farming company over the past few weeks, talk often turns to my views on the land market. We are finding the market place ever more varied, with a wider than ever range of values for lowland arable and pasture land, from £5,000 to £15,000 per acre. But while land quality is important, other factors can have a greater influence on value. Small blocks of land used to carry a premium, but rarely do now. Even 10 acres next door might be more trouble than it’s worth if it is an awkward shape and isn’t suitable for modern day machinery. The most saleable item is now 50 acres plus, with good road access and the possibility of irrigation.

While lighter land tends to sell better, it is not always the case, with arrangement of the land, location and size being more important. Over the last 20 years we have seen an increasing tendency for retiring farmers to let out their land rather than sell. Attracted by substantial Basic Payments, retired farmers jump through the hoops to qualify themselves to claim the subsidy, and perhaps some additional environmental scheme payments, while someone else does the day-to-day farming. This has advantages for the ageing owner who does not want to let go entirely and also recognises the fiscal advantages of land as an inheritance tax planning tool. However, I wonder if it is really in their long-term interests and what effect it is having on the industry? Is the land really being properly farmed? Is the land worth what the owner thinks, or is it now a less attractive block of land? We now have one of the lowest

Grazing / Wanted



Save on farming products

To subscribe call 0330 333 0056 quote HAFG17B

Q3 house ads FarmBuyer.indd 20/09/2017 4 12:37



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December 29, 2017


Entitlement trading, BPS Claims, Countryside Stewardship applications and advice. To discuss your requirements call WebbPaton on 01793 842055 or



Winter and Summer, long or short term lease, preferably in large parcels but smaller land parcels also considered. Also looking for barns to house livestock through winter months. Can show many references from previous land owners.


levels of turnover of farmland for generations. About 0.5 per cent of the UK’s 42 million acres of farmland is sold publicly each year. This might mean farmland is not getting into the ownership of those who are likely to farm it the most efficiently. As many of these lets are on short-term arrangements designed to retain the owner’s eligibility for Basic Payment, those farming the land are unlikely to invest in it.



Top prices paid, please contact: Becky on 07792734649 or Josy on 07934599081

‘Brexit will surely mean less direct farming support.’

money...really does grow on trees!

premium christmas tree seedlings low maintenance - high return full support and advice given.


For your free copy email kdean@townsend

2018 Entitlements Sale, Lease & Naked Acres EN G LA N D S C O T LA N D WA LE S N I R E LA N D

01392 823935

01392 833828


call 01274 834992 m: 07764 410 154


2017 UK Entitlement Trading Market Report

Mike Taylor is a partner at Barbers Rural Consultancy. Call 01630 692 500, or email

Business Opportunities

* BASIC PAYMENT ENTITLEMENTS Leasing & Hosting Contracts for surplus Entitlements

It is highly likely this is a ticking time bomb for which Brexit is the slow burning fuse. Brexit will surely mean less direct farming support. Michael Gove and others have already sounded warnings. Recent research into environmental schemes suggests they are better at delivering income support to farmers than environmental benefits. That may or not be the case, but the Government’s appetite for farm support after 2019 is unlikely to be near as great as the demand for more expenditure on the NHS. The withdrawal, or curtailment of farm support, could reduce short-term farm rents by more than half. It may no longer seem so clever to hang on to farm land after retirement, especially if it has not been well looked after over the last 10 years.

FG 01772 799500

Advice /Consultancy

Is your business

“Brexit Ready”?

Worried about how your business will look after Brexit? Not sure which way to develop your business? Do you need an independent Business Health Check? Contact Andy Guy for a free initial consultation Telephone: 07738 121883

27/12/2017 11:44:26

Call 01772 799500 and place your ad today Advice /Consultancy

Finance: Terms & Conditions


Sites of 1- 1000 acres required for residential development. N.B. If you are considering entering into an Agreement with a housebuilder, or a land promoter, then you will need expert advice that is not available from traditional sources. Contact Michael Rutherford for an independent and confidential consultation at no cost. All areas of the UK covered.

Telephone: 01625 890000 Email:


3 Months to 25 Years All circumstances considered Poor credit history/CCJs/No proof of income Farms, Smallholdings, Land, Equestrian buildings - Buy to let property We can usually help even when the bank says No! Ease your cash flow situation today give us a call now - 7 day NO UPFRONT FEES

Famers Guardian, and (hereinafter referred to as ‘Farmers Guardian) may contain advertisements, links to other Internet websites or online and mobile services provided by independent third parties, including websites and telephone contacts of our advertisers and sponsors (what we call “Third Party Sites”), either directly or indirectly. It is your decision whether you purchase or use any third party products or services made available on or via Third Party Sites and you should read below carefully. Our Privacy Policy does not apply to Third Party Sites. In no circumstances do we accept responsibility for your use of Third Party Sites or in respect of any Third Party products. By Third Party Sites we mean websites, online or mobile services provided by third parties, including websites of advertisers and sponsors that may appear in Farmers Guardian. By Third Party Products we mean products or services provided by third parties. Famers Guardian contains advertising and sponsorship. Advertisers and sponsors are responsible for ensuring that material submitted for inclusion on Famers Guardian complies with international and national law. Farmers Guardian (nor its websites) is not responsible for any error or inaccuracy in advertising or sponsorship material. Any agreements, transactions or other arrangements made between you and any third party named in, on (or linked to from) in Farmers Guardian and its websites are at your own responsibility and entered into at your own risk. Farmers Guardian promises to develop and operate with reasonable skill and care and will use reasonable efforts to promptly remedy any faults of which it is aware. Farmers Guardian does not provide any other promises or warranties about its products and services. Famers Guardian is provided on an “as is” and “as available” basis. This means that Farmers Guardian does not make any promises in respect of Famers Guardian or the services and functions available on or through Famers Guardian, and or of the quality, completeness or accuracy of the information published on or linked to from Famers Guardian, and other than as expressly stated above. The above disclaimers apply equally to your use of Famers Guardian, and without limiting the above; Farmers Guardian and its websites are not liable for matters beyond its reasonable control. Farmers Guardian does not control third party communications networks (including your internet service provider), the internet, acts of god or the acts of third parties. Farmers Guardian liability will not be limited in the case of death or personal injury directly caused by Farmers Guardian negligence in those countries where it is unlawful for Farmers Guardian to seek to exclude such liability. Any individual, who is in doubt about entering into a loan agreement, should seek professional advice or consult an authorised person who can assist in relation to entering into a credit agreement. Before acting on any information you should consider the appropriateness of the information having regard to these matters, any relevant offer document and in particular, you should seek independent financial advice. All loans, loan participations and financial products or instrument transactions involve risks, which include (among others) the risk of adverse or unanticipated market, financial or political developments and, in international transactions, currency risk. Lending against nontraditional physical collateral exposes investors to specific risks such as the potential for fraud, theft, damage and illiquidity.


0800 2800 605



CONTACT HAYDN JONES 01492 580202 / 07768 025440 Haydn Vaughan Jones T/A Pennant Finance Authorised & Regulated by the Financial Conduct Authority

Reaching deeper and further into UK farming than any other media group


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Specialist Agricultural Finance Broker






Brilliant Finance Ltd


ED: £499



Save on farming products

NFU MEMBERS NFU L200 Discount Voucher Holders can get a BRAND NEW L200 Titan Double Cab for £18,450 plus VAT, plus Reg Fee (£55), plus Road Tax (£240).

BRAND NEW L200 TITAN DOUBLE CAB: • 4 Door, 5 Seater with Super Select 4WD • 2.5 L DiD Engine (178BHP) • 3100KG Braked Towing Capacity • 3 Year Roadside Assistance • Dual Zone Climate Control & Bluetooth


FARMER PACK £999+VAT INCLUDES: • Alloy Livestock Canopy (Mesh Door) • Tough uPVC Load Liner • Tow Bar (7 Electric Pins) • Rubber Floor Mats (Front and Rear) • Front Seat Covers



Any make or model, any year, any value, running or not. Also any types of 4x4 vehicles wanted. Will collect UK wide Top prices paid Tel: 07770 686052 01383 511787 or 07771 982404



Visit FarmBuyer



BROWNS MITSUBISHI Acts as a credit broker and not a lender

181-183 Preston Road, Grimsargh, Preston, Lancashire, PR2 5JP 01772 652323

Test the best

1. List price shown excludes VAT, VED and First Registration Fee and is for an L200 Titan Double Cab manual. Model shown is an L200 Titan Double Cab manual at £18,450 (excludes VAT, VED and First Registration Fee). Metallic paint available at £430 plus VAT extra. On the road prices range from £20,029 to £25,909 and include VAT, VED and first registration fee. Prices correct at time of going to print. 2. Finance is through Shogun Finance Ltd T/A Finance Mitsubishi 116 Cockfosters Rd, Barnet, EN4 0DY and is subject to status available to all customers aged 18 and over. Finance Mitsubishi is part of Lloyds Banking Group. Finance offers are only applicable in the UK (excludes Northern Ireland, Channel Islands and I.O.M) are subject to availability and may be amended or withdrawn at any time. We may receive commission or other benefits for introducing you to Finance Mitsubishi. Browns Mitsubishi Ltd trades as DEALER MITSUBISHI. 3. All new L200 variants come with a 5 year/62,500 mile warranty (whichever occurs first). For more information please visit

To subscribe call 0330 333 0056 and quote HAFG17B December 29, 2017 |

Q3 house ads FarmBuyer.indd 20/09/2017 5 12:37


27/12/2017 11:45:45 n4 x 4s


01629 56678

• M: 07966



• W:

Toyota Hilux Active Double Toyota Hilux Active- 65 Toyota Hilux Active Single Toyota Hilux Invincible cab - Silver -65 reg - 30,544 reg - Silver -Double cab - cab - 65 reg - 26,531 miles Grey - 64 reg - 26,197 miles miles .......................... £15,300 37,924 miles ..........£15,500 –Silver ...................£13,000 ................................£17,950

Toyota Hilux Active Single Cab - 64 reg – Silver 31,787 miles ......... £12,250

Mitusbishi L200 Warrior - 06 Reg – Black - 108,122 miles – No VAT .......£5,750

Toyota Hilux HL2 Double Toyota Hilux Double Cab cab - Silver - 13,755 miles - HL3 D4D - 09 reg -Alloy 63 reg ................... £12,750 Wheels - Cloth seats - Blue - 86,000 miles ............. POA

Kia Sorento estate - 09 reg – Silver - 94,545 miles – No VAT .........................£4,750

RN GOLDEN LTD ...driven by family values




Ask about our “NFU” Membership Discount. SEE OUR VERY SPECIAL END OF YEAR DEALS BELOW Dec 2017 Arctic Utah Auto Vision. Black 100 miles .......................... £35000 Dec 2017 Utah Manual Vision Pk, Camera. Venetian Red. ............... £21000 Dec 2017 Utah Manual Non Vision, Green. No Extra’s....................... £20000 2017/67 Yukon. Blue, 4000 miles Ex Demo. T/Bar, Metallic ............ £21000 2016/65 Utah Manual Vision, 24000 miles, Silver December........... £18000 2016/65 Utah Auto Vision, Red, 71000 miles Roller Top ............... £16000 2015/64 Yukon, in Blue, 34000 miles ............................................ £15000 2012/62 Eiger, Garnet Red, 45000. Rear Top ................................. £13000

Mitsubishi L200 Warrior - 08 reg - Silver - 121,700 miles .......................... POA

Coming In Landrover 110 Hi Cap pickup – 2002 – 52 reg – ................................ POA

Mitsubishi L200 double Kubota RTV 900 - Camo hyd tip - Full cab - road reg cab - ................... cheap - 60 plate ................. £6,500 nPlant Machinery BOBCATS For sale used

Avant 220 Artic Loader, Ideal Small Sheds ....USED Avant 420 Artic Loader 500kg Lift ........... CHOICE Avant 528 Artic Loader 950kg Lift .................NEW Avant 635 Artic Loader .....................NEW CHOICE Avant 750 Artic Loader 1.4 Ton Lift ...............NEW Avant 735 Artic Loader 1.4 Ton Lift ...... Ex DEMO Avant R35 Artic Loader 1 Ton Lift... USED & NEW Buckets Grabs & Pallet Forks ........ NEW & USED Messersi Tracked Dumpers................................ NEW JCB TLT 35D Teletruk 2012 ............................ USED Mustang 2044 Skidsteer Loader 650kg Lift .. DEMO Mustang 2054 Skidsteer Loader 700kg Lift CHOICE New Holland L185 Skidsteer 1 Ton Lift .......... USED

Telephone: 01889 271727

2010/10 Rodeo Denver 2.5, Black, 69000 miles. ..............................£9500 Due Jan ........ POA

All Vehicles above are plus vat unless otherwise stated. COLLECTION AND DELIVERY ALL PART OF THE SERVICE

I’m At Bakewell Market Every Monday ! Mat Golden 07771 666442 Jason Robinson 07793 372868

01484 608060 50


December 29, 2017

p050.indd 50



Short or long term competitive quotes P Cowell & Sons Tel 01772 653569 (T)


& Diesel Generator Specialist. Quality new & used. Est 22 yrs. JSPUK LTD. Tel: 01432 353050 (T)

nTractor & Machinery Hire F.G. ROWLAND LTD

DUE IN 2010/10 Rodeo Denver 3.0 Max, Blue, 57,000 miles

and reconditioned. New and used spare parts. - Tel: 01495 237888 or 07793 744622(evenings)

H H DIESEL GENERATORS H H 5-500 KVA Key/auto start new and used P.Cowell and Sons. Tel: 01772 653569 Preston


1/11/17 to 30/6/18 385 HP 15 wk £ 925 p/w 300 HP 15 wk £ 682 p/w 220 HP 15 wk £ 535 p/w 160 HP 15 wk £ 400 p/w 12 “ WOOD CHIPPERS Tractor & Machinery Transport

Tel 01254 826295

27/12/2017 11:26

Call 01772 799500 and place your ad today

• Provides real cleaning power • Fully automatic • Easy to install


Includes: 10m 1” 20 bar delivery hose; 3m 1:5” HD steel braided suction hose; 12 bar pressure switch; 18 litre DD vessel and 1.8kw pump; plus postage and packing

Tractors & Equipment Wanted


JCB 412s to 435s loading shovels and JCB TM270 to TM320s All ages, top prices paid and prompt payment

Tel: 07901 129263

Ring for advice: 01994 448310 Web: | Email:

Nr Evesham, Worcs, WR11 8QH

INDUSTRIAL PRESSURE WASHERS & DRAIN JETTERS Hot & Cold, Single, three phase or self-contained (petrol or diesel) 1800psi – 4,350psi 11lpm – 36lpm Optional trailer mounted Impressive performance, robust, durable Tel: 01789 721112

Farmers Guardian the best environment for your brand message


Parts & Servicing




Get the latest shows and sales news from Farmers Guardian with our new Facebook page

Pressure Washers & Pumps

Like us on Facebook

Plant Machinery


Weld on Forklift and loader brackets to fit most makes and models. JCB/MATBRO £68.50 + VAT ALL OTHERS POA All major debit/credit cards accepted NEXT DAY DISPATCH Terry Birch - Mobile: 07966 233104/ Tel: 01529 455776 email:

MASSEY FERGUSON Replacement tractor parts Direct to your door Phone for best quotes Mob: 07971 243668 or 01939 260639

FG Buy and Sell

01772 799500

Muck & Slurry email: call: 01270 767717

MANUFACTURERS AND SUPPLIERS OF REPLACEMENT RUBBER & POLYURETHANE YARD SCRAPER BLADES • Yard Scraper Blades • Cubicle Mats • Feeder and Conveyor Belts • Gaskets and Seals • Rubber Flooring • Parlour Matting Replacement blades to suit: Foster, Twose, Maxiscrape, Easiscrape, Browns, Millward & Keeling, Parmitter, Flemming and many more Rubber Manufacturing Services, Moss Lane, Elworth, Sandbach, Cheshire CW11 3LD

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27/12/2017 11:47:40 Farmers Add 28/11/2017 & Equipment ATVsGuardianTractors ATV TRAILERS Tup

and calf canopy road trailers and sheep feeders- Tel: Swaledale ATV 01282 614321 or 07836 315254 Nationwide

FG Buy and Sell

01772 799500


7290R 6215R 6210R 6195R 6190R 6155R 6150R 6130R 6120R JCB Agri Super Handlers 541.70 535.95 531.70 Tractor & Machinery Transport


All Telehandlers, Round Balers & Wrappers. All Fire Damaged Tractors, Telehandlers & Balers. Any 4wd tractors and telehandlers for breaking, nationwide Send photos to 07854 865 674

H F B Trailers Leek Ltd Full Range of Ifor Williams Trailers Available



Tel 01254 826295


01200 441247 SALE - SERVICE - HIRE

York Used Stock

Many more ring for details 2014 Honda 250TE 4x2 VGC Good tyres £2,750.00 2008 Honda 420TM8 4x2 VGC R/Kit 08 Reg. £2,650.00 2010 Honda 420FEA 4x4x2 VGC Good Tyres £3,450.00 2015 Honda 500FA6F 4x4x2 IRS PS 15 Reg. £5,500.00

Hawes Used Stock

ATV Tyres in Stock 2015 Honda TRX250TME 4X2 VGC G/tyres £2,850.00 2006 Honda 350FM6 4x4 GC good tyres £2,650.00 2013 Honda 500FMC 4x4x2 GC manual gears £3,750.00 2015 Honda 500FE2 4x4x2 VGC Power steer £4,750.00 All our Used machines are subject to VAT and come with Guarantee

Contact: Tom Taylor @ York

Tel: 01904 758105

Contact: Garry Harrison @ Hawes

Tel: 01969 667464

Farmers Guardian

YAMAHA 400 KODIAC, Road Reg, Old But Tidy .£2,150 HONDA 400 FA, Auto ................................................£2,250 HONDA 250 TM 4X2, Fully Serviced .......................£2,495 HONDA 250 TE 4X2 - Very Little Use .....................£3,395 HONDA 420 TE 4X2 - Very Low Hrs - Green ........ £3,595 HONDA 420 TE1 4X2 - Low Hrs - New Model....... £3,995 HONDA 420 FM2, Power Steering, Camo, Alloys ..£4,895 HONDA 420 FM2, Power Steering, Road Kit, As New ...................................................................................................£5,250 HONDA 500 FM6, Power Steering, Very Low Hrs, Red ........................................................................................£6,795 HONDA 500 FM7, Power Steering, Special Edition, Black ........................................................................................£6,795 HONDA 500 FM6, Power Steering, Very Low Hrs, Green ........................................................................................£6,895 HONDA 500 Pioneer, Very Low Hrs, Camo ...........£8,595 KAWASAKI 4010, Full Cab, Road Reg ...................£5,495 HONDA 700 Pioneer As New .................................£10,700 LOTS MORE USED ATV’S/UTV’S IN STOCK ALL MACHINES SERVICED & GUARANTEED

Clitheroe, Lancs, BB7 4JY


Valtra T 153 Versu Complete with Trima 5.1 Loader 2775 hrs with 2 yrs manufacturers Warranty left. Excellent condition £55,750 ONO plus vat. Genuine farmers sale.

CALL 07850324688


Machinery and e Tractor Magazin AL LAMMA SPECI


PA 56 GE S

An advertising opportunity not to be missed! • The essential guide to for anyone involved in the agricultural machinery sector. • Packed with must read articles covering the world of farm machinery as well as the official LAMMA show preview. • Be part of Farmers Guardians bumper Tractor and Machinery supplement to ensure your kit is seen by upto 100,000 readers.

To advertise in our LAMMA Special call Eva Bailey on 01772 799500 or email ADVERTISING DEADLINE January 8, 2018 52


p052.indd 52

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27/12/2017 11:49:35

Call 01772 799500 and place your ad today Tractors & Equipment




John Cornthwaite (Farm Machinery) Ltd Elm Farm, Station Lane, Nateby, Nr. Garstang Preston, PR3 0LT

• T: 01995 606969 • F: 01995 605700 • E: • All Prices + VAT John Deere 6120SE 53 Reg, 5208 Hrs, 2 Spools, Spring Seat, LHR, 16x16 Syncro Trans, 3 Spd PTO, Sunroof, £17,950.00

New Holland TC 56 2765 Hrs, 1996 Reg, 2WD, 620/75/26 Good Year Wheels, 16ft Header & Trailer. £20,750.00


Case Puma 145 2012 Reg, 5373 Hrs, Semi-Powershift Trans, 50K With Creep, 3 Speed PTO, Air Con, Air Seat, Pass Seat, Armrest Controls, Front & Cab Sus, £38,500.00

Valtra A83 “62” Reg, 4000 Hrs, 2 Spools, Spring Seat, EHIC, 540/1000 PTO, LHR C/W Parklock,. £19,750.00


John Deere 6520 “55” Reg, 6624 Hrs, C/W MXU8 MSL Loader, TLS, Air Seat, Pass Seat, Field Office, Air Con, 3 Spools, 3 Speed PTO, £27,250.00

Pottinger Torro 4500 2010 Man, 2500 Loads, 39 Knives, 35mm Chop Length, 600/55/22.5 Wheels, Rear WLights, Beacon, Load Lights, Hyd Brakes, 1 Owner From New. £36,000.00

Lely Welger RPC 445 Tornado 2011 Man, 43693 Bales, 710/40/22.5 Wheels, Variable Chamber combi Baler/Wrapper, Been Owner/Driver Machine. £20,750.00

Fraser Bale Trailer 2003 Manufactured, 25 ft x 8ft, Front & Rear Hay Ladders, Metal Floor, Flashing Beacon, 320/80/15.3 Wheels. £4,200.00

Alfred Engineering Post Knocker Linkage Mounted, Hyd Top Link, Side Tilt, Auxilary Hyd Controls, Jack Stands, £1,585.00

Browns Post Knocker Manual Swinground, Hydraulic Tilt, Linkage Mounted. £2,850.00

Protech P18+ Digger Mounted, JCB Brackets, 300 KG Weight, £1,820.00

Cousins Cambridge Rolls 2010 Man, Adjustable Spring Tines,Dbar Mounted, 10ft W Width, 24” Dia Rolls. £1,525.00

Duvelsdorf Pan Mixer 3/4 Cube Capacity, 540 PTO, Linkage Mounted, Barn Stored, Only Used Twice. £1,800.00

Major 2050G Tanker 2003 Man, Raingun, Hyd Changeover, 2 Fill Points, Swivel Hitch, 30.5x32 Wheels. £5,250.00

Griffiths Grain Trailer 6T, 12.5/80/15.3 Wheels, Manual Door C/W Grain Chute, Hyd Brakes, £2,100.00

West Silage Trailer 2010 Man, Super Single Wheels, S Drawbar, Self Opening Door, LED Lights, Front Ladder. £6,950.00

Wooton Grain Trailer 6 T, 2003 Man, Monocoque Sides c/w Drop Sides, Manual Door c/w Grain Door,Hyd Brakes, 11.5/80/15.3 Wheels. £2,925.00

AS Marston Grain Trailer 6 Tonne, Monocoque Sides c/w Drop Sides, Hyd Trailer Brakes, Manual Door. £2,350.00



TEL: 0113 284 1117 HOME 01423 506326 MOBILE 07850 861527

Farmers Guardian


We are currently aware of a number of fraudulent advertisers attempting to sell items within the classified section. Whilst we endeavour to protect our readers and pull these adverts before going to press, sometimes they may unfortunately appear in print. Please be mindful before entering into any deals you PROCEED WITH CAUTION with the seller and do not part with money until goods are received. Farmers Guardian are NOT responsible for any part of the transaction that takes place with the seller and the buyer.

The KC Bruiser The high output processing solution for traditional flat rolled grain. The KC Bruiser will process grain up to 25% moisture through its pair of 2ft diameter rollers, achieving outputs from 15 to 40 tonnes/hour. E: T: 01458 252281

All you need to grow

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owned from new, cut less than 300 acre from new, wide pick up reel side fill, mint condition, viewing welcome £18,450 +VAT Tel 07798630846/ 01772700409


Agricultural Replacement Parts & Accessories


Best prices for Filter Kits, Clutches, Brake Parts for all makes Kemper Parts, Claas RU & Orbis parts Forage Harvester spares CS, JD, KR, NH Power Harrow Tines & plough metal all makes TELEPHONE: 01380



December 29, 2017 |


27/12/2017 11:50:29 nTractors & Equipment e w


01530 249191 / 07931 589566 t 07966 261818

Tel: 01691 791460 Mob: 07814185844




NEW EQUIPMENT STRAUTMANN 1451 VERTI-MIX FEED WAGON EX DEMO ........................P.O.A NEW VICON RO-EDW ISO SPREAD 30001TR ........................................P.O.A NEW POTTINGER SERVO 35S PLOUGH 5 FURROW REVERSIBLE (SPECIAL TO CLEAR) .....................................................................£13,850 DEMO KUBOTA BV5160 VARIABLE ROUND BALER, SUPERCUT, NET, ISO . P.O.A NEW TELEHANDLERS IN STOCK MERLO TF35. 7_115, HITCH, BOOM SUSP, A/COND IMMEDIATE DELIVERY ..........................................................................................................P.O.A MERLO TF42.7CS-CVTRONIC, FULL SPEC ............................................. P.O.A USED TELEHANDLERS IN STOCK 2014 MERLO P40.7, FULL SPEC, 4800HRS .........................................P.O.A 2013 CAT 4 TONNE CAPACITY, 7M .......................................................P.O.A 2012 MERLO P32.6 PLUS, BOOM SUSP, HITCH, 3500HRS .............£29,500 2011 MERLO P34.7, 5000HRS, BOOM SUSP, REAR HITCH ................... P.O.A 2011 MERLO P32.6 PLUS, BOOM SUSP, HITCH, 5000HRS .............£28,500 2011 MERLO P32.6 PLUS, HITCH, 4200HRS .................................£29,000 2010 MERLO P28.8 PLUS, HITCH, BOOM SUSPENSION 4800HRS ..£28,000 2006 MERLO P34.7 PLUS, BOOM SUSP, HITCH, 7400HRS .............£15,000 2008 MERLO P40.7, BOOM SUSP, A/COND HITCH 6500HRS ..........£25,000 2006 MERLO P40.7, BOOM SUSP, A/COND, HITCH. 7200HRS ........£18,000 2005 MERLO P33.7KT, 10000HRS ................................................£13,000 1997 MERLO P28.7EVT, 10700HRS ..............................................£10,000 1998 MERLO P35.13 EVS


For a full list of stock please go to our website MF 7626 D6 EF. 2014, 2200 HOURS, FRONT & CAB SUSPENSION, 50K, 4 SPOOLS, AUTO GUIDE READY. MF 7620 D6 EF. 2014, 3200 HOURS, 50KPH, FRONT & CAB SUSPENSION, ECO PTO, DATA 4. MF 7618 D6 EF. 2015, 2000 HOURS, FRONT & CAB SUSPENSION, 50K, AIR BRAKES. MF 5612. CW 956 LOADER, 2015, 700 HOURS, TWIN PUMP, VISIO ROOF, AS NEW. MF 8690. 2012, CW FRONT LINKAGE, 90% TYRES, EXCELLENT CONDITION.

MF 6480. 2010, 1600 HOURS ONLY, 3 SPOOLS, AIRCON, 600/65/38 & 480/65/28 TYRES AT 80% GOOD. MF 6480. DYNASHIFT, 2004, 5600 HOURS, 3 SPOOLS, GOOD TYRES, TIDY.







NEW TRACTORS IN STOCK KUBOTA M7151 STANDARD, 150HP IMMEDIATE DELIVERY ................... P.O.A KUBOTA M7151 PREMIUM, FRONT LINKAGE & PTA, P/SHIFT, 150HP, EX DEMO ..........................................................................................................P.O.A KUBOTA M5111 WITH FRONT LOADER, 113HP, IMMEDIATE DELIVERY



USED TRACTORS 2003 MF 5465, S/SHIFT, 6300HRS, GOOD COND, ......................... £16,995 2009 MF 5455, C/W QUICKE FRONT LOADER ................................. £24,000 2007 JD6930 PREMIUM .....................................................................P.O.A 2013 McCORMICK MTX 120 ............................................................... P.O.A 2005 KUBOTA RTV900, ROAD LEGAL, ONLY 26 HOURS FROM NEW .......P.O.A


66 MANITOU MLT 735 -120 18 Hours 1 only ............................................. POA 65 MANITOU MLT 634-120 ELITE 900 Hours......................................... £47,500 12 MANITOU 634-120 PREMIUM Tidy .................................................... £27,500 R JCB 526S Farm special, excellent orig off farm condition ................... POA 12 SPREADWISE 12m Unbilical tractor mounted dribble bar.................. POA 11 MAJOR 750 MANURE SPREADER Done Little .....................................£3,750 07 HI-SPEC T20 twin tub diet feeder ....................................................... £6,750 17 BROUGHAN 16t silage trailers, full spec, choice of 4 .................... £15,750 17 HI-SPEC 2600 GAL VAC TANKER ............ 0% Finance available - £11,950 17 HI-SPEC 2000 GAL VAC TANKER ....................................................... £9,950 02 MF 6270 4WD 4300 Hours only V. Tidy .................................................. POA T MF 4255 2wd Low Hours, Tidy ................................................................ POA P CASE IH 4240 X L 4wd V. Tidy ................................................................. POA 17 24ft LOW PLANT TRAILER c/w storage multi-use ............................... POA 2014 KRONE 1400 H.duty quad rake, tidy.................................................. POA NEW OBE 19T 26ft Plant Trailer c/w hyd beaver tail ................................. POA NEW OBE 7.5 Ton, dropside twin axle trailer ......................................... £5,575 NEW PRODIG 4ft Shear grab ................................................................... £POA NEW MOULTON heavy duty yard scrapers ............................................... £625


07713 128783 07791 527935

FG Buy and Sell 01772 799500 54


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December 29, 2017





80kva £2900- 1ph with Canopy - 23.5kva £2250, 34kva £2750 Other sizes also

Hydraulic Outfit suit 1.5t to 3t £1285

We also Stock new and Used Mounted Breakers and New Concrete Roller Screeders

1to 3t £2950, 5 to 9t £4250. 12 to 20t £7500 (Guide for post Knocking available)

Complete Outfits or Cups for your Existing Breaker


01981 251922

• •

27/12/2017 12:15:20

Call 01772 799500 and place your ad today Tractors & Equipment

REDLINE RANGE MT 35, 42 & 52 Forage Wagon Range ■ 40mm Chop length ■ 2m wide pick up reel ■ 6.3mm Tines with 27mm Solid Tine Bars ■ Runs on commercial spec independent bogey axles ■ Rotor tube has 12.5mm wall ■ Models available in 35m³, 42m³ and 52m³

ProCut 700/800/900

■ Available in 2.1m, 2.4m and 2.85m ■ Galvanised steel frame ■ Heavy duty cutter bar ■ 4mm Hardened steel blades ■ Comes with Topping skids and Swath Wheels as standard ■ Super floatation

Seasons Greetings

Logsplitter ■ Heavy duty frame ■ 3 point linkage for easy transport ■ 14 Tonne hydraulic ram ■ Large ground support enables free standing operation

5.7 & 8.4 meter Tedders ■ Full Mechanical Headland Management as standard ■ “Super-Flotation” with Heavy Duty Headstock & Build Quality ■ 7 Arms per Rotor with Hook Tines ■ Height Adjustable 16* 6.5/8 wheels ■ Light Kit & Spare Wheel Included


ProCut 960c

■ 350kg Hammer weight ■ Hyd. side tilt ram ■ Hyd. top link ■ Steel rope ■ Safety cage ■ CE approved

6’ Semi Offset Pasture Topper

■ 9ft 6” Cutting Width ■ 9ft Transport width ■ V-Type steel conditioners, 18mm, 12.9 steel bolt and 30mm tension bushings ■ 400mm extra wide wheels ■ 4mm Hardened blades

Thanking all of our customers for their continuous support & wishing you all a prosperous 2018

Side Tilt PostDrivers

The Grassline Specialist!


■ Bevel gearbox with shear bolt protection ■ Extra heavy duty blades ■ 2 tonne strap ■ Easily adjustable skids ■ Floating A-frame for optimum ground travel

For more information, contact Mícheál Larkin: 07881 344311 Scotland/Northern England - Martin Mc William 07825 647986 Head Office 00353 949360501


Silage Feeding Trailer Calf/ Bull Beef Feeders 15x5 Bunker Feeder Greenfield Works, Ballylough Road, Castlewellan, Co. Down, BT31 9JQ, Northern Ireland

T: +44 (0) 28 4377 8711 W: email:


Roto Spiral (UK) Limited Unit 11 Engineer Park, Sandycroft, Deeside CH5 2QD Tel: 07761 292070 Email: Web:

With Lister diesel engine. Good condition.


Unirec 2000 industrial green waste shredder £6000+vat good working order Tel: 0161 624 1118 (T)

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Did you know, you can now have your old auger refurbished and repaired? What’s more, it can be done for a fraction of the cost of buying a new one. The multi award-winning, family run Roto Spiral Ltd., has expanded and opened a new UK base at Deeside, North Wales. We are now able to provide our UK customers with the same high quality, cost-effective repair, design, manufacture, supply and installation service for augers, tub feeders, screw conveyors, hoppers and silos as we have been doing for our Irish customers for the last 38 years. Nationwide collection and delivery service is available, so wherever you are in the UK, we can help. We are specialists in the supply and repair of augers for all models of grain dryers and header augers for combine harvesters. We also provide a cost-effective repair service for all makes of diet-feeders. The company can respond to seasonal market needs where combine augers can often be repaired on your premises, in one day, meaning a minimum of downtime. Contact the Roto Spiral team today and see what we can save you. Head Office Knocktopher, Co Kilkenny Ireland Tel: 00 353 (0)56 7768619 Email:

2016 Bailey Trailers TB14’s & TB12’s

Choice of 6, sprung drawbars, full commercial axles, air brakes, load sensing, abs, rear drawbars, Michelin 560 Cargo Bibs, good tread, easy sheets also available. £13,850. One 2015 TB14 also available £12,850. 07738932664

December 29, 2017 |


27/12/2017 11:24 Tractors & Equipment


• Sand / green bedding / chopped straw. • New conveyor design (12 foot spread) • Only 25 litres oil flow required • Reliable triple sealed bearing • Durable T section flights

AG 3-Point Linkage

NEW Spinners SAND HYBRID New Bucket Design NO Bridging with WET Sand NO Stalling with WET Sand

Designed for all types of SAND

• 8 Foot even spread pattern • Interchangeable modules • Faster sand Drying times • Fewer wearing parts

New AG 2-Point Linkage

DEMONSTRATIONS AVAILABLE Tel: +44 (0)1565 722922 Garnett Farms Engineering Limited


WIN this latest model








in a British-built dual clutch 175hp New Holland T6 Dual clutch benefits | 4 cylinders | Low fuel consumption Seamless operation | Multifunction joystick

To enter visit 56


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December 29, 2017



657247 • MOBILE: 07957 363895

27/12/2017 11:56:28

Call 01772 799500 and place your ad today Startin


Mercedes MB-Trac 900, one farm from new, 4660 hours, lovely original tractor.

Axial Flow 7230 on TRACKS, 2013, 300 cutting hours, 25’ header & trolley, can be fitted with the Maize header.


Various used hedgecutters + NEW Spearhead hedgecutters for 2018.

Axial Flow 7230 c/w 8 Row maize header & 25’ grain header, 2012, 786 cutting hours.

Massey 4270, 2001, 2210 hours, one owner, air conditioned cab, good tyres.

John Deere 4450 SG2. One farm from new, 5124 hours, exceptional.

New Spearhead Multicut 460 Batwing mower, ex our stock.

JCB 8014 excavator c/w buckets, 2009, 1130 hours.

Maxxum 140 Multicontroller c/w CaseIH LRZ130 loader, 2015, 2673 hours, 600/65 x 38 tyres.

Magnum 370 CVX 50kph. Front linkage, 900/60 x 42 Michelin, 2014, 3138 hours.

Magnum 340 c/w Front Linkage, Full Accuguide, 2015, 2447 hours.

Maxxum 125 Multi Controller 50kph. Front Linkage & PTO ‘ 65 ‘ reg. 2600 hours.

Puma 150 Semi Powershift 50kph. Trailer air brakes, 2017, 350 hours, Balance of CaseIH Warranty.

Puma 150 Semi Powershift 50kph. Low hours, just like new, Case subsidised Finance subject to terms & Case 3 year Warranty.

01827 880088

Fendt 936 c/w Front linkage & pto, 2009, 7800 hours, 900/60 x 42 tyres.

Puma 160 CVX 50kph ‘ 65 ‘ reg. 2952 hours, 710/70 x 38 Michelin tyres, trailer air brakes.

Puma 160 CVX c/w Front Linkage & pto. Full Accuguide, 2015, 3440 hours, trailer air brakes.

Quadtrac STX 500 Full Accuguide, rear linkage & pto. cab suspension, 6 x hydraulic valves.

New Richard Western Delilah 4150 rear discharge 15 ton spreader c/w slurry door & sprung drawbar.

JCB 3cx 2wd Front jaw bucket & pallet tines, c/w 3 rear buckets.

Check our up to date website with photographs:


TWYCROSS CV9 3PW Tel: 01827 880088 Email:

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December 29, 2017 |


27/12/2017 11:20

NorthWest FarmModels

SCHUCO 1:32 SCALE JOHN WIKING 1:32 SCALE CLAAS WIKING 1:32 SCALE CLAAS DEERE 5125R TRACTOR - .... COMMANDOR 228 CS LEXION 760TT COMBINE ......................................... £85 WHEELED COMBINE - ......... HARVESTER - ................ £135 .................................. £199.99


UNIVERSAL HOBBIES 1:32 SCALE CASE IH PUMA 175 CVX (VIPER STRYKER RED) .. .....................................- £TBA

ROS 1:32 SCALE LEMKEN ROS 1:32 SCALE FENDT 718 ROS 1:32 SCALE ROS 1:32 SCALE KRONE BIG MARGE MODELS 1:32 M 450 “SILVER AND BLACK” SCALE CLAAS JAGUAR 25 RUBIN 12 COMPACT DISC VARIO TRACTOR - .............. CHALLENGER RG300 HARROW - .................... £58 ........................................£52 TRAILED SPRAYER .......- £75 LIMITED EDITION - ....... £300 LIMITED EDITION - ......... £48

MARGE MODELS 1:32 SCALE BRUSHWOOD 1:32 SCALE BRUSHWOOD 1:32 SCALE MARGE MODELS 1:32 MARGE MODELS 1:32 NEW HOLLAND T8.435 “BLUE BIG BALE SHED - .................. ROTARY MILKING PARLOUR SCALE CASE IH OPTUM 300 SCALE CASE IH MAGNUM CVX BLACK EDITION - ........ 380 BLACK EDITION - . £120 POWER” - ...................... £95 ....................................... £45 - ................................... £122 ...................................... £120

BRUSHWOOD 1:32 SCALE BRITAINS FARM 1:32 SCALE BRITAINS FARM 1:32 SCALE BRITAINS FARM 1:32 SCALE BRITAINS FARM 1:32 SCALE COVER TO MONSTER JCB 416S FARMMASTER NEW HOLLAND T7.270 JUBI- JCB 330JS EXCAVATOR - ... JOHN DEERE 6195M - ......... SILAGE CLAMP - ........... £50 LOADING SHOVEL - ..... £18 LEE - ............................... £45 ........................................ £21 ....................................... £23

BRITAINS FARM 1:32 SCALE BRITAINS FARM 1:32 SCALE BRITAINS FARM 1:32 SCALE FALK RIDE ON TOYS CLAAS FALK RIDE ON TOYS CASE NEW HOLLAND FR850 FOR- NEW HOLLAND T6.180 WITH MIXED ANIMAL VALUE ARION 430 PEDAL TRACTOR IH PEDAL QUAD BIKE (3-5 AGE HARVESTER - ..........£55 LOADER - .......................£18 PACK - ...........................£10 (3-5 YEARS) - ................£140 YEARS) - ...................... £105


All orders are tracked and insured from door to door. Free post and packing on all orders over £150 We accept all major debit & credit cards and PayPal. Any questions? Call today! Full range of models and toys available on the website, including ride on and pedal tractors Find us on Facebook just search 58


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December 29, 2017

27/12/2017 12:24:07

Call 01772 799500 and place your ad today

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December 29, 2017 |


27/12/2017 11:19


Edited by James Rickard – 01772 799 496 –

Viewed by many to be the Rolls Royce of tractors, we go behind the scenes of Fendt’s Marktoberdorf tractor factory, Germany, to see what goes into the production of these highly revered machines. James Rickard reports.

Made in Marktoberdorf


estled in the picturesque surroundings of the Allgau region in southern Bavaria, it is hard to imagine how a small tractor manufacturer on the edge of the Alps became a major global player. But this it did and the Fendt brand is now represented in more than 35 countries, with recent launches undertaken in South Africa. This footprint is set to grow with the expansion of its portfolio which now includes a full range of grassland and forage equipment, an extensive combine range with an all new flagship model, and a line-up of trailed and self-propelled sprayers. It also has designs on the future, evident by its latest in-field robotics project. Undoubtedly putting Fendt on the map was the development of its Vario continuously variable transmission (CVT). While not the first or the only manufacturer to offer a CVT, it was Fendt’s bold decision to only use

From small alpine tractor maker to global brand, Fendt continues to develop its line-up of machinery.

CVTs, rather than a conventional gearbox which made the concept as widely accepted as it is. So much so, that like Hoover, many people now refer to any CVT as a Vario. And in 2016, the firm hit a major milestone

with the production of its 250,000th Vario transmission. Rightly or wrongly, the firm’s tractors have gained an enviable reputation, owed much in part to the tractor’s perceived build quality

and technological prowess – not to mention high residual values. So what goes into making these tractors what they are? To find out, we gained unprecedented access to its Marktoberdorf tractor factory.

Fendt factories ■ Marktoberdorf, Germany: Wheeled tractors ■ Baumenheim, Germany: Cab and body work production ■ Hohenmolsen, Germany: Foragers and sprayers ■ Breganze, Italy: Combines ■ Hesston, USA: Square balers ■ Feucht, Germany: Mowers, tedders and rakes (formerly Fella) ■ Wolfenbuttel, Germany: Round balers (formerly Lely, and before that Welger) ■ Waldstetten, Germany: Forage wagons (formerly Lely, and before that Mengele) ■ Jackson, USA: Tracked tractors 60 | DECEMBER 29 2017

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Marktoberdorf factory facts ■ The company was formed in the 1930s by brothers Hermann and Xaver Fendt. Its first tractor produced was the 6hp Dieselross ■ Latest factory update was in 2012 which saw 40,000sq.m of additional halls erected for final assembly and painting. Along with various other site updates, the total cost came to €240 million (£211m) –

€20m (£17.6m) on the paint shop alone ■ Total site size of the Marktoberdorf site is 35 hectares (86 acres), with 100,000sq.m under cover ■ About 2,850 staff are employed at the Marktoberdorf site, with a further 1,150 employees dotted around its other German sites ■ Acquired by Agco in 1997,

complementing the American giant’s Challenger, Massey Ferguson and Valtra tractor brands ■ In addition to its tractor production facility in Marktoberdorf, several other factories in Germany and around the world also produce Fendt-branded equipment, everything from tedders to combines (see panel, left)

20/12/2017 14:24


MORE ONLINE Read the full story online at,

MAKING THE TRACTORS APART from its latest tracked tractors, produced in Jackson, USA, all Fendt wheeled tractors are made in Marktoberdorf, everything from the 72hp to 101hp 200 Series, up to the 396hp to 517hp 1000 Series. In 2013, the factory churned out a peak of 17,000 units, producing 100 tractors per day in two shifts. Since then, the market as a whole has dropped back, with 13,667 tractors sold in 2016, of which 64 per cent were exported. Currently, there are about 80 tractors per day being produced in a single shift. Each tractor takes about 10 hours to assemble. The ambition is to get the plant up to its full production capacity of 20,000 units by 2020. Depending on model, each

tractor comprises about 10,000 to 11,000 components in total. But despite the requirement of so many components to produce thousands of tractors, there is

very little storage at the factory. Instead it employs a just in time, lean strategy, something which many factories carry out to improve flows of material, people,

work and information, and eliminate waste. Each tractor is built to order – there are limited numbers of stock tractors built, often for fast replacement.


WHAT GOES INTO A FENDT TRACTOR? AT the heart of each Fendt tractor, is the firm’s Vario continuously variable transmission. At Marktoberdorf, two machining halls are dedicated to producing this and the final drives, of which Fendt produces about 85 per cent of the components involved. All raw materials and castings are bought-in, coming from about 20 different Europe-wide suppliers, many of which are long-term partnerships. To maintain accuracy during machining, the temperature inside the halls is kept to a constant 23degC, with components coming into the factory held in a separate room until their temperature acclimatises to the factory. This prevents any unexpected expansions or contractions of the metal during the machining process, which can result in up to 1.5mm of difference on large components – a massive amount in precision engineering terms.

p60 61 Dec 29 BB GG JR.indd 3

From components being fabricated and machined, there is only about a three-hour window before the powertrain is assembled. In between this, transmission casings are wrapped in plastic to prevent any dirt or dust settling on the precisely machined components. To check component dimensions, a ‘disconnected’ quality control room is used. Although it looks part of the machining hall, springs underneath the room isolate it from any unwanted vibrations. Seismic sensors also monitor geological movement, and should vibrations get too high, measuring of components stops until at a satisfactory level. Following assembly, every single powertrain is pressurised to a massive 530 bar, to test for leaks – normal operating pressure of the powertrain is between 250- and 350bar.

ALL tractor models are assembled on a single line. For maximum logistic efficiency, all parts arrive at the line just in time. Tractors are automatically carried on carts down the line, which follow metal strips in the ground. The assembly line is made up of more than 30 stations. Each station has, on average, about six minutes to assemble its respective components. To maintain the average assemble time, small tractors precede and follow larger tractors down the line, which looks very comical when a 1000 Series has a little 200 Series either side of it. All parts used and assembled are confirmed via computer screens at each station, which also signals the parts department that it is ready for the next lot of components. With cabs and bodywork coming from its Baumenheim facility, painting at Marktoberdorf is confined to the chassis and powertrain, with 80 per cent of painting done automatically.

It takes three hours and 20 minutes for a tractor to travel through the multi-stage paint shop. All water from the paint shop is recycled, as is 60,000cu.m of air every hour. Due to its organic properties, any undercoat paint collected is recycled and used in pet food. Any top coat paint collected is recycled for domestic paint use. Cabs arrive at the line in sequence, to match the tractors being assembled. Again, the just in time method only allows for a three- to four-hour window from when the cabs arrive at the factory, to being fitted to a tractor. Cabs also arrive completely finished from the Baumenheim factory – bolt on, plug in, done. At the end of the line, all fluids are added and the tractors started up. Wheels are then fitted and it is off to a power and brake test. Finally, tractors pass through a light tunnel, a method used by top car manufacturers, to check for any imperfections.

DECEMBER 29 2017 | 61

20/12/2017 14:24

Ne rm w for 2 Sa fet 018 yZ on e


Collect Dairy Pro points at the UK’s largest farm machinery show Wednesday 17th and Thursday 18th January 2018 East of England Showground, Peterborough

NEW for 2018 - visitors will have the opportunity to collect Dairy Pro. Find out more at LAMMA, which is FREE to attend, is the largest annual agricultural trade show in in the UK. With an impressive list of over 850 exhibitors which includes all the major tractor and machinery manufacturers, agrochemical and seed suppliers and business service companies operating within the farming industry. p62 Dec29 FP.indd 2

Travelling to LAMMA by train? Get 30% o virgin train fare and use the free shuttle bus service to get to the show. Get your code by downloading the app on

Follow us on 20/12/2017 11:41

Edited by James Rickard Tel: 01772 799 496 Email:



10 pages of features on the latest tech to prepare fields.

Super-sized spreading

By Richard Bradley


ollowing the demise of Challenger’s popular RoGator, O.J. Neil Contracting had to look elsewhere for its self-propelled spreaders. Knowing he would be submitting a tender to Thames Water to spread its 355,000 tonnes of biosolids

under the ThamesGrow banner, Olly Neil trialled several high capacity machines, including options from Holmer, Verveat and Vredo.

Demands Despite impressive credentials and plenty of experience on the continent from the former two machines, the Vredo became a favourite for its operator comfort

and Tebbe spreader body, as used on TerraGators. Established in 2004, O.J. Neil Contracting, Bury St Edmunds, Suffolk, is no small-time operation. With no background in farming, Mr Neil started as a one-man business in 2004, spreading lime for a sugar beet factory only a stone’s throw away from what is now his head office.

This expanded to buying an excavator to keep the firm busy in quiet periods and he began spreading 50,000 tonnes of sludge waste for Anglian Water with trailed Bunning spreaders. A self-propelled forager was bought in 2010 to meet the harvest needs of a new anaerobic digestion (AD) plant five miles down the road. Now, the firm operates three

Volumetra - Machine of the year 2017


• Self supporting integrated structure • Lowered gravity center • Bolted and movable hydraulic running gear • Many pumping systems available • Compatible with all the spreading implements of the Joskin range

Vacu-STORM Simplicity and versatility of the vacuum pump combined with the power of the centrifugal pump

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DECEMBER 29 2017 | 63

27/12/2017 09:51

MUCK & SLURRY SPECIAL O.J. Neil’s workload ■ 355,000 tonnes spreading bio-sludge waste ■ 70,000t spreading compost and farmyard muck ■ 14,000t baling straw ■ 6,000 hectares (14,826 acres) forage maize and rye for anaerobic digestion ■ 2,500ha (6,177 acres) maize drilling

For such heavy machines they travel surprisingly well. Running the self-propelled definitely lengthens our spreading window OLLY NEIL

Olly Neil says the Tebbe body was favoured for its build quality and spread pattern.

foragers to harvest 6,000 hectares (14,826 acres) of wholecrop rye and maize for 10 AD plants, baling up to 14,000 tonnes of straw, and operating six self-propelled spreaders to satisfy the demands of Thames Water. Alongside this is the groundwork operations. Mr Neil says: “We try to target renewable and utility works in agriculture, with longer term contracts allowing us to justify buying high-output, high-cost machinery which we can use for other work.” Following the successful tender for the Thames Water contract in June 2016, the firm invested in

two Vredo 4546 spreaders, with four 4556 following for the 2017 spreading season.

Harvest This contract sees the firm cover all areas on the north of the River Thames, from Swindon in the west to the Dartford Crossing in the east, with the A14 as the upper limit. Most of this spreading is done from early July to September, following the combine harvest. With a 450hp engine, four 1050/50 R32 Michelin tyres and 14.7cu.m Tebbe spreading body, the Vredo sits at 19t unladen, pushing

40t when piled high with sludge. Drive to the cross-beaters and twin spinning discs is hydraulic on five of the firm’s six Vredos, while the sixth features direct drive. Mr Neil says: “The direct drive machine may be a little more efficient, but the hydraulic drive is better at coping with varying sludge consistencies. Spread patterns and widths are easier to maintain and they can cope with the occasional foreign object which makes its way into the spreader without breaking anything.” To ensure an even spread, the Vredos use Trimble auto steer to


FROM TECHNICAL DESIGN TO SERVICE Pump technology from Vogelsang: A range of technical innovations provide long service lives, minimize operating costs, and ensure quick-and-easy maintenance. That is our promise for economical and optimal liquid manure management. Visit us at LAMMA: Stand R54 ENGINEERED TO WORK

64 | DECEMBER 29 2017

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run at 12-metre passes, with the spreader’s 24m working width providing a double-overlap effect. On-board weigh-cells control the machine to maintain the desired application rate, which Mr Neil says is generally about 18-23t/ha. This control includes disc and bed speed, slurry-door position and the spreader’s forward speed, which he says can be up 20kph depending on the sludge. Controlling the machine is relatively simple too.

Control “All the parameters for spreading are programmed into the control screen, so the operator only has to press one button to start spreading. This makes life easier for the operator and prevents the chance of missing something. “Our operators also find the Claas cab much more comfortable than the TerraGator’s. “Generally speaking, one machine will spread about 1,000t of sludge per day, but distances to stockpiles and transport time have a big impact on this.” Despite this, he says one operator, known locally as ‘The Beard’, has been able to spread twice this amount on more than one occasion. Operating over such an area with six separate outfits takes some logistical planning. “Thames Water will create up to 760 stockpiles, each for a block of land, which will be heaped up with an excavator in the field to be spread. The area rep will then tell us when the farmer wants an area spreading, where the stockpiles are, how many tonnes are in them, and the application rates for each area. “We send all this to the operator on their iPad, which we use instead of having a raft of paperwork. This also prompts them to fill out daily checks and risk assessments for each job, and they have to finish one task before they can move on to the next.”

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Taking 13 buckets to fill, the excavator spends most of its time at full height to clear the spreader’s high sides.

Vredo spreader specifications

To keep each of the Vredos spreading, the firm has six, 14 tonne Volvo excavators which are towed by tractors and low-loader trailers, or hauliers are used for longer moves. “Loading with diggers is not the quickest task, with 13 bucket loads required to fill the spreader, taking about three minutes. While using our 435 loading shovels may be quicker, the tracked excavators ensure we keep compaction and ground disruption to a minimum.” Keeping with the compaction theme, Mr Neil says the spreaders run in crab-steer mode, allowing each of its metre-wide tyres to run on a different patch of ground. “For such heavy machines they travel surprisingly well. Running the self-propelled, compared to a large trailed spreader, definitely lengthens our spreading window. Even to the point where we have two machines spreading in Oxford until early December.” Despite being on the options list, Mr Neil has not specified his spreaders with central tyre inflation. “When spreading, the weight transfer shifts from being a relatively balanced machine, to one which is rear-end heavy. To get the best compromise, Michelin came out to weigh the machine properly, so each tyre now runs at different pressures to accommodate for the machine’s layout. “Being able to let the tyres down for road travel would be handy

though, as they tend to bounce a little at their higher pressures.” With a big emphasis on minimising downtime, Mr Neil says he has been impressed by Vredo’s service. “Vredo has been good at listening to any issues we have found, coming out, fixing them and training our mechanics, allowing us to keep a lot of costs in-house.” Additionally, he says simple things, such as having to stock only one tyre size for the entire spreader fleet, keeps the spreaders rolling without a huge parts store.

Use Aiming to get the most out of his machinery, Mr Neil says he aims to widen the use of the Vredos. “We are looking at getting a couple of backpack slurry tankers to spread digestate, and beet bunkers to cart for the local factory. As the bodies are attached with twistlocks, we thought the Vredo machines would give us the most versatile option and allow us to keep them busy in their quiet periods. “We try to get our kit working as much as possible. For example, the spare excavators are currently out working on construction jobs in the area, with the tractors and trailers carting all the soil away. “If Thames Water calls with a job, we will withdraw from other ones accordingly. That contract takes priority and we work round it where possible.” Along with managing logistics,

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Mr Neil says the level of health and safety required helps to keep competition to a minimum. “There is a lot of work involved, but we get paid well for it. While the large spreaders appear to retain their value well, we could not justify them for smaller jobs spreading

■ Spreader body: Tebbe twin-disc, 14.7cu.m, 24-metre spreading width ■ Outside turning circle: 11.8 metres ■ Weight: 19 tonnes (unladen), up to 40t (fully loaded)

farmyard muck. We also do not get the same issues with baling string puzzles on the spreader. “While running a large trailed spreader with a 400hp tractor may give us similar outputs, the Vredo self-propelled is more compact and makes little mess in the field.”

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MUCK & SLURRY SPECIAL Looking for a versatile muck spreader to help their contracting business grow, father and son Richard Western D4000 model with hydraulic opening doors to make the most of its rear

team bea

Versatility steers spreader c


he prospect of having one spreader which could handle two distinct application processes was something which appealed to Hampshire grower and contractor James Bridger and his father, Nick. Generally, rear discharge muck spreaders fall into two camps; vertical or horizontal beater types. Each has its own spreading characteristics to suit different manures, with the horizontal machine often feeding a spinning disc deck, while the vertical machine simply flings muck rearwards. But Richard Western has been looking to over-turn convention with its latest Delilah D4000 Series. The vertical rear beater machine can be fitted with a pair of hydraulic rear doors which wrap around the rear of the beaters, meeting in the middle when closed. Covering most of the beaters can

D4000-series spreaders can be used with hydraulic rear doors to create a finer spread with lighter material.

D4150 specifications

change the spreader’s behaviour, says the manufacturer, leaving the base of the beaters to deliver a fine, wide spread pattern from beneath closed

doors. Here, manure drops downwards where large paddles at the base of each rotor act like a spinning disc, throwing finely shredded pieces of manure up to 24 metres, claims its maker.

■ Capacity: 15cu.m ■ Body length: 6.1m ■ Floor chains: Two by 20mm with single slats ■ Rear beaters: 1,100mm ■ Retail price: From £39,188

livestock-related muck spreading tasks, we could also use the D4000 to spread chicken manures and comMachinery fleet post. And this is something which James and Nick operate N.J. Bridger vertical beater machines are not Contracting alongside their livestock generally very good at.” enterprise at the 140-hectare (350Having hired a acre) Hill Hampton Western D12 spreadFarm, enaer for a number of bling them to years, the father and make the son team bit the bulmost of their let and stayed with a tractor and known machine machinery make for their first fleet. muck spreader James says: purchase. “We thought this “We specwould be a great ced-up a D4120 Electric bed control step forward as a which gets the large system allows infinite machinery hire diameter 1,100mm adjustment of the single prospect and also to de- slat floor, from the cab. rotors, plus optional liver contract muck hydraulic rear doors spreading for our cusfor dual-purpose tomers. spreading and a set of greedy boards “In addition to handling all our up top for extra capacity,” says 1,100mm rotors do a good job of pulverising manures into small fragments, says James Bridger.

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on ar

team Nick and James Bridger opted for a beater performance. Geoff Ashcroft reports.

choice for duo James Bridger (left) and his father, Nick, are pleased with the performance of their multi-purpose Richard Western spreader.

Removable shields make it easy to access components for greasing and maintenance.

James. “We also wanted air brakes and electric bed control too.” Mid-way through the buying process, the Bridgers were offered the chance to swap to a D4150 model, the largest in the Richard Western D4000 portfolio, but without greedy boards. At just under seven tonnes unladen, it has shown up an area where the Bridgers now need a bit more – horsepower. “We had been pulling the D12 with a John Deere 6120R with relative ease, but the D4150 needs a fair bit more,” says James. “I think we are going to need 200hp to make the most of its performance. “While those large rear beaters do soak up some power, they do a fantastic job at shredding and spreading muck. We do not get lumps of muck anymore behind the spreader, but a nicely shredded layer of manure, which our customers really like.”

About 90 per cent of the Bridgers’ muck spreading activity is with farmyard manure. So they have chosen to remove the rear doors completely until a large enough quantity of finer manures needs to be spread.

spinning disc spreader to deliver a wide throw.” James has praise for service and maintenance access, citing the pto shaft as one of the easiest he has ever had to grease. “Wide angle joints are usually awkward – this one is not,” he says. “And you can unclip the steel guard from the pto clutch to get to the other end of the shaft too. There has been quite a bit of thought put into these frequently reached areas. “Grease nipples are grouped too, so it is no longer a game of hide and seek to find all the grease points.” However, he is less complimen-

tary about the hinged pto rest which bolts onto the drawbar. “It will be getting removed before the tractor’s rear tyre flicks it upwards when making a tight turn,” he warns. “I have known it happen before on other machines and it results in a bent pto shaft.” Overall, he is pleased with the decision to super-size muck spreading activities at Hill Hampton Farm. “The build quality is better than the D12, there are thicker top rails and a huge stone guard at the front too, so it should be more than up to the task,” he says. “And it is British.”

Improvements “In really wet muck, the rear doors can be just in the line of fire when fully open,” he says. “If they could open a bit further, we would just leave them on – and this is something Richard Western is looking to improve upon.” He says it takes about 90 minutes to remove and refit the two doors. “Without the doors, the spreader can easily achieve a 12m spread pattern with wet muck,” he says. “It will spread a lot wider with compost or chicken manure, though it needs the doors to be refitted and closed, so the beaters work like a

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MUCK & SLURRY SPECIAL Using constituent sensing technology, Aberdeenshire contractor Sinclair Agricultural and Recycling Services is making better use of nutrients in slurry and digestate. Jane Carley reports.

Making sense of nutrients in slurry


lurry and digestate management is an increasingly important part of farm nutrient planning, but to get a true picture of the nutrients being applied, analysis at the point of application is required. Many contractors test as the product is taken out of store and again in the field prior to application, but John Deere’s Manure Sensing the process We have a system solutionrefines for you! further. The system is based on its HarvestLab near infra-red (NIR) sensor technology used on the 8000 series forage harvesters, and


Sinclair Agricultural and Recycling Services (SARS) of Ellon, Aberdeenshire, has been operating the sensor technology on a JD 8400i forager since 2015. Magnus Sinclair says: “We started supplying forage crops as feedstock for anaerobic digesters (AD) in 2010 and in 2014 commissioned our own 500kW plant.

Quality “HarvestLab has helped us to ensure the quality of the feedstock supplied to the clamp, and the unit can be easily removed from the forager for use in the AD office to


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analyse the material once or twice a day before it is fed into the digester. Confirming the dry matter levels in the sample dictates the tonnage of feedstock which goes in – the digester needs 9.5 tonnes of DM per day.” The application was extended to the company’s slurry and digestate operation in 2017, with manure sensors fitted to a Pichon 16,800litre galvanised and painted tandem axle tanker with 18-metre dribble bar and Tramspread umbilical applicators. “It was very new to us this year and is a technology which John Deere is still developing, so this was a trial year on our own farm and we will take it out to customers in 2018.” For slurry nutrient analysis, the NIR sensor is fitted close to the outlet of a tanker or umbilical applicator and measures the key constituents of slurry being applied in real-time, including dry matter, total N, ammonium, P and K. In addition, the system can be calibrated pig and dairy slurry or One Shotfor System digestate, and gives 4,000 readings per second. Required application rates based on data from soil sampling, yield mapping, N-sensors or other sources can be set via JD’s Greenstar incab display to give a target rate for one nutrient, plus a limit rate for a Sand Cannon System

After using John Deere’s HarvestLab constituent analysis system on its foragers (unit shown on base of spout) the contractor has trialled the manure sensor version on its slurry applicators.

About Sinclair Agricultural and Recycling Services BASED at Ellon, Aberdeenshire, SARS harvests 2,000 hectares (4,940 acres) of grass silage and wholecrop and applies 190,000cu.m of slurry and digestate a year in an area which extends from Dundee to Inverness, employing 23 staff year-round. With his father Alistair, Magnus Sinclair also farms 320ha (790 acres), 200ha (495 acres) of which is feedstock for an anaerobic digester plant.

second nutrient. Site-specific application maps can also be uploaded to the terminal for variable rate spreading. As a sales agent for Pichon, SARS is well placed to help trial the system, and the French tanker manufacturer was also one of the application partners originally identified by Deere to work on the project. Magnus Sinclair


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ysis hown tor or ors.

HarvestLab can also be used as a standalone unit to analyse constituents as feedstock goes into or comes out of the clamp.

“The tanker is mainly used for digestate from our own plant, while the umbilical systems handle material from other local plants and slurry from local dairy farms, operating within nitrate vulnerable zone [NVZ] restrictions. We also spread brewery and distillery waste which is applied year-round, conditions permitting.

Analysing “Where digestate is concerned, we have to be able to quantify what is going on as farmers cannot simply apply large volumes of liquids without knowing what nutrients are being supplied. By analysing the product as it is applied, we can be confident we are complying with environmental regulations, as well as helping the customer to meet crop requirements. “We analyse N, P and K and map the applications so the customer can see how much has been applied so as not to exceed NVZ limits with

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subsequently applied mineral fertiliser,” explains Mr Sinclair. Data from the spreading application is transferred to Deere’s Operations Center from the JD-link equipped tractors, where an as-applied map can be produced for the customer’s use and for invoicing. SARS aims to fit manure sensors to the full fleet of three umbilical outfits and the tanker, plus two foragers and one for the clamp office. It currently has three units, which are swapped between machines. “It is simply a matter of fitting an outlet pipe to the applicator and connecting the sensor up as the tankers and the umbilical equipment has been designed to work with manure sensors. However, at £20,000 for each system we have to question how we actually get our money back. “It is a level of service which makes us stand out from other silage and spreading contractors – while we cannot charge more for offering forage analysis, it does get repeat business.”

A 16,800-litre Pichon tanker is used to apply digestate from SARS’ AD plant to farmland.

DECEMBER 29 2017 | 69

20/12/2017 11:45

MUCK & SLURRY SPECIAL Despite its slightly novel appearance, Veenhuis says its Rotamax umbilical system has a number of benefits. Richard Bradley caught up with the firm bringing the machines to the UK.

Reeling it in

T All machine functions are controlled through Veenhuis’ own in-cab box.

raditionally, spreading slurry and digestate onto arable land was done with either an umbilical or tank-based system. The former is restricted by the effects of drag on hoses, while the latter requires either a large tanker or self-propelled machine. Aiming to combat this issue, Dutch slurry handling specialist Veenhuis has developed a rather intriguing looking hybrid umbilical outfit. While not at all a basic machine, the Rotamax features a large pipe reel and arm, and a 12-metre injector unit, all on a trailed chassis. The advantage of the system, acc-

ording to the firm, is its ability to pick up and lay down pipe without having to drag it across the ground as the machine travels up and down the field. Firstly, this means the pipe is not disturbing or damaging crop or soil, nor does the tractor have to work against the drag on the pipe.

Holland One company which stumbled across the Rotamax while browsing the internet went out to Holland in early 2016 to see it in action. By the end of its trip, Technical Waste Solutions (TWS) had bought itself a machine, along with becoming the UK distributor for Veenhuis equipment.

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The Rotamax offers umbilical system level outputs, without the issues of dragging hoses.

TWS spreads up to 150,000 tonnes of digestate and food waste per year, most of which is carted in for the 810-hectare (2,000-acre) arable farm on which it is based. John Crooks, one of the TWS directors, says: “Previously, we were using umbilical systems and two large tankers for spreading duties, with injectors and 24m dribble bars. “The problem with the tankers is they have to run along the field fully laden, causing compaction issues. On the other hand, a traditional umbilical system is limited to the length of pipe the tractor can pull, and causes disturbance to soil and standing crop.”

Despite looking wildly different to an umbilical setup, Mr Crooks says its operation is much the same. “We are running the outfit with similar pump and pipe setups as we would with a normal drag hose system. The only difference is the way you reel pipes out and the way you cover a field. “It allows us to operate over a larger acreage to an equivalent drag hose setup, and the Rotamax is much quicker to setup and breakdown at the end of a job or between fields.” At the heart of the Rotamax is its hydraulically powered reeler, which is capable of holding up to 700m of 115mm (4.5inch) umbilical pipe.

As you are not dragging pipes, and only pulling the injector and the spreader’s wheels, 140hp easily manages JOHN CROOKS

However, unlike a conventional reeler, the pipe on the Rotamax is filled with liquid, then kept filled for as long as is convenient. A valve is fitted to the furthest pipe coupling to keep pressure maintained. The second fundamental element is its pipe-carrying arm. This hydraulically pivoting arm features a series of rollers, allowing the pipe to be dragged onto or pulled off the reeler. After connecting the umbilical pipe to the spreader’s on-board pipe, you

can make your first run up the field with the arm laying its pipe onto the edge of your next run.

Working area As you make your way back down the field, it is pulled back onto the reeler, and so on with each pass. By connecting to your umbilical pipe in the centre of a field, maximum working area with the pipe on its own back is 40ha (99 acres), according to Mr Crooks. He also says the arm can be set to

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MUCK & SLURRY SPECIAL lay the pipe in-between rows, or into tramlines, to further reduce any chance of crop damage. He says: “As you are not dragging pipes, and the only pulling requirement is of the injector and the spreader’s wheels, 140hp easily manages the machine. “Running with a smaller tractor, along with an on-board central tyre inflation system and an axle which hydraulically extends in the field, helps reduce compaction.” Taking care of spreading, the Rotamax is fitted with a 12m single-disc injector. Unlike here in the UK, Mr Crooks says due to regulations stipulating slurry or digestate can only be applied into soil, and not onto the surface with a splash plate or dribble bar, injecting into standing crops is common practice in Holland. He says: “We are seeing more people trying to make the most of their resources, and as injecting provides the lowest losses of readily available nitrogen, it allows them to get the most out of their slurry and digestates. “We are trying to get growers on board with injecting into standing crops. We have injected into cereal crops up to 300mm tall with no issues. “We are, however, looking at getting a trailing shoe as the next-

cation rates based on nutrient content, rather than simply setting a liquid rate. As the liquid’s nutrient content changes, the tractor’s forward speed can be increased or decreased to suit. If more than one nutrient is required, the firm can add a front tank to top up the digestate’s values artificially. Once the Rotamax has finished in a block or field, breaking down the system takes a different tact to a regular umbilical setup. Mr Crooks says: “When moving from jobs, we want to keep the 700m pipe on the reeler full, where possible.


The pivoting arm allows pipe to be laid to the side of the injector’s discs.

best alternative to bridge the gap.” Another interesting element to TWS’ pumping outfit is the way it co-ordinates itself at headlands and on shortwork. Thanks to radio telemetry control of the engine-driven centrifugal pump, the Rotamax operator is able to increase and decrease flow rates from their cab,


without the need for a second operator. Mr Crooks says: “As we approach the headland and the injector is lifted out of the ground, each nozzle is shut off and the pump automatically drops its revs to maintain pressure in the system. “This works similarly on shortwork, although the operator will often just increase forward speed as nozzles are shut off to maintain application rate. “A valve on the spreader is constantly adjusting itself slightly to maintain pressure in the pipe on the reel, reducing chance of it collapsing.” Thanks to an IsoBus connection, shut-off is controlled automatically via the tractor’s GPS signal. Another element to the machine which should help improve the way slurry and digestate is applied, is the option of fitting a near infra-red sensor for real-time analysis of N, P and K. This allows the operator to set appli-

“As we know the length and diameter of pipe from the pump, we can work out the volume still in the system. “Before we start blowing the system out, we pump 1cu.metre of water down the line, followed by the sponge. The operator then counts down the volume on the flow metre, and shuts the valve when there should be just 0.5cu.m of water left in the pipe. “Then, they disconnect the Rotamax’s pipe from the system and open the valve, which blows the water and sponge out onto the field. “This makes blowing out quicker than a conventional umbilical system. Places with irrigation mains are also ideal, as we do not have to blow out, speeding things up further.” While its first Rotamax has now been sold, the firm has a second machine for its own use and demos, and aims to spread 100,000t with it in 2018. “The Rotamax has extended our spreading window compared to our umbilical outfit, as we do not have the issues of dragging pipes on wet ground, and we are not travelling across the field with the same weight as a high capacity slurry tanker.”

Veenhuis Rotamax specifications

HYDRAULIC PRO ROPE CHAIN & YARD SCRAPERS With over 30 years of experience working with Slurry Scrapers, Storth design their systems to safeguard the welfare and hygiene of the herd, providing the most cow friendly systems on the market. Contact your local Storth representative North of England - Gary Morland: 07919 563796 Scotland & Ireland - Robert Wilson: 07769 728128 South of England - Mark Longly: 07818 053159 East of England and Umbilical - Neil Robinson: 07887 855048 Wales - Geraint Williams: 07464 548576

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n Chassis: Single-axle, hydraulically adjustable track width n Tyres: 1050/50 R32 with CTIS n Pipe reeler: Hydraulically powered, 700-metre, 115mm (4.5in) n Weight: 12 tonnes reeled in

(reduces to 6t when reeled out and injector in ground) n Applicator: Euro 1200, 12m single-disc injector n Price: About £250,000 with injector and pipe

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20/12/2017 12:17


Edited by Katie Jones – 07786 856 439 –

Keyhole surgery helps boost cattle prognoses rMany benefits to

less intrusive technique KEYHOLE surgery is a technique Somerset-based vet and trainer Sotirios Karvountzis estimates 10 per cent of large animal practices in the UK are using, and he says the numbers are growing. The method came from Germany where about 75 per cent of large animal vets use it. The benefits of keyhole surgery include less intrusion to the animal’s body compared to traditional surgery methods, improved exploration of the body and, in many instances, a reduced use of antibiotics. There are three main applications for keyhole surgery, according to Mr Karvountzis: exploration, the correction of a displaced abomasum and the unblocking of teats. The surgery method requires training at the start says Mr Karvountzis.

The process is currently largely being used in cattle but also, on occasions, in goats and sheep, particularly for clearing bladder crystals which can block the urethra and be very painful for the animal.

Survival Animal survival rates are similar to other surgical techniques, he says, but the previous management of the animal will also have an effect on its survival. He says: “It is not so intrusive with much smaller holes and therefore a greatly reduced chance of infection and animals return to health and production more quickly. The cow could go to the next milking unless it requires antibiotics. “Yes, it is a more expensive procedure but the cost of recovery should also be considered. As cow values stay high, it will allow assessment to see if operating is worthwhile.”

Abomasal trocar keyhole surgery

Keyhole surgery can be used to correct a displaced abomasum. Here a trocar pierces the abomasum in order to insert a toggle and reposition the stomach.

Due to cows’ multiple stomachs, Mr Karvountzis says what makes or breaks a cow’s health is how well their digestive system works with 65 per cent of cattle health problems usually originating in this part of the body. With the correction of left displaced abomasums being the most common application, and traditional methods requiring 20-30cm incisions in the abdomen, going into the animal using keyhole surgery can allow the inside of the abdomen to be examined and conditions to be seen more clearly. Mr Karvountzis says: “When you can see it, it makes your prognoses more accurate.” Through keyhole surgery, the abomasum can be repositioned and secured by a toggle inserted on the inside of the stomach with sutures attached which will then be fastened on the exterior of the cow. Aiding the reduction of antibiotics, procedures such as the correction of a twisted gut do not normally require after-surgery antibiotics as the interference and incisions are so much smaller than in traditional surgery. When it comes to unblocking teats,


Keyhole surgery is becoming an increasingly used tool for large animal vets in the UK. Laura Bowyer reports.

blockages high up in the teat can be difficult to address with any technique although Mr Karvountzis says they are better corrected with keyhole surgery, which also offers improved recovery compared to traditional methods. In keyhole surgery of the teat, a 5mm incision is made on the side of the teat and either the pea cut up, or it is forced out the teat end, he says.

Diagnosis He gives the diagnosis of traumatic reticulitis as an example of another situation where keyhole surgery may be useful. This is where foreign objects in the reticulum, such as small pieces of wire, pierce the reticulum and push and damage the inside of the animal, resulting in weight loss, a reduction in milk production and possibly even losing the cow. In using keyhole surgery, the problem can be more easily and accurately diagnosed. Mr Karvountzis says: “There is a vast number of conditions which can be identified via keyhole surgery which previously may not have been diagnosed.”

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DECEMBER 29 2017 | 73

20/12/2017 11:49

LIVESTOCK At a recent press event, the Moredun Research Institute discussed some of its research developments in disease prevention. Laura Bowyer reports.

Upland sheep farmers warned of Louping Ill vaccine shortage rSituation likely to

extend into 2019

DUE to a technical problem in its production, sheep producers should prepare themselves for shortages of the Louping Ill vaccine, with the situation likely to extend to 2019, warned Mara Rocchi of the Moredun Research Institute. There were currently low stocks of vaccine allocated to vets in areas of the UK where Louping Ill was most prevalent, and the lack of vaccine was considered a major blow to upland sheep production with tickbourne diseases causing big problems in some parts of the country. The disease was caused by ticks

and a spread of the parasite had been seen, perhaps due to global warming. Ticks were starting to become more active at lower temperatures. The condition is a viral inflammation of the brain. It displays itself through neurological symptoms and has no cure. Affected animals can exhibit a strange jump, experience problems with coordination and tremors, and can throw their head back over their shoulders.

Protection Ms Rocchi said: “The injectable vaccine gives 18 months’ protection and plays a very important part in kick-starting the animal’s immunisation. Adult sheep which are vaccinated, or have previously been

exposed to infected ticks, tend to be immune and lambs of these ewes are protected for the first two to three months of life by antibodies ingested via colostrum. “If you lamb on lower ground and then put lambs to the hill, remember sheep may not have been exposed to tick or the Louping Ill virus (LIV).” She added: “Effective tick control is essential in high-risk areas to reduce tick numbers and hence LIV. Acaricides – tick killing chemicals – are the main form of tick control and can either be applied through plunge dipping or topically, but the benefits of frequent treatment need to be weighed up against the stress of gathering.”

If you lamb on lower ground and then put lambs to the hill, remember sheep may not have been exposed to tick or the Louping Ill virus MARA ROCCHI

Global research race for poultry red mite vaccine ALMOST every poultry unit in Europe, despite size, is infested with red mite, according to Moredun’s Dr Al Nisbet. This worldwide problem which is worse in laying birds, is a blood-feeding parasite, causing restlessness and anaemia due to blood loss. A bad case can see 500,000 million mites per bird. Dr Nisbet said: “Controlling the parasite can be a real issue as they get into the furniture and body of the shed. There are few chemicals available for controlling the parasite which poses a real issue for poultry producers.” The parasite does not affect the quality of the egg but the laying ability and production of the hen. It

is estimated the parasite costs €0.37 per bird per year, due to the loss of production and the cost of control. An emergence of pesticide resistance in mites has come at the same time as the drop in number of available treatment products, leading to some producers using unlicensed products to control the parasites. Dr Nisbet said: “The industry is desperate to control this parasite and, therefore, there is a global drive to develop novel and safe methods to control poultry red mite, with Moredun contributing to developments.” Vaccines always have to be tested in hens as there is no invitro test process. To suitably test the vaccine, hundreds of birds must be

The industry is desperate to control this parasite DR AL NISBET 74 | DECEMBER 29 2017

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Red mites can cause anaemia and death in poultry. immunised and their building infected meaning the number of birds involved quickly mounts up, which he added they would rather avoid.

Testing “We do not want birds exposed to the mites for a long amount of time for welfare reasons and neither do not we want large numbers of bird deaths,” he said. For this reason Moredun has received a grant of £500,000 from the National Centre for the Replacement, Refinement and Reduction of Animals in Research to drastically reduce the numbers

of hens required in the testing phase and to increase their welfare during vaccine development. At Moredun they are working to develop a vaccine. Dr Nisbet added: “Our work has culminated in the development of a tea-bag like prototype which is attached to the hens’ legs. Mites feed on the bag and the device is then removed. This process has seen huge reductions of the numbers of birds required in the testing process. “We have work to show the vaccine works against mites, but currently we do not have the opportunity to make it commercially available.”

20/12/2017 11:50

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20/12/2017 11:54

LIVESTOCK Iceland is home to a thriving dairy industry, as Angela Calvert found out on an AB Vista/Celtic Sea Minerals study tour to the island.

The challenges of dairy farming in Iceland


s in most countries the number of dairy farmers in Iceland has reduced in recent years but production has increased among those still in the industry. Icelandic dairy farmers face a unique set of challenges with long winters, when there are just a few hours of daylight, and a limited amount of productive land. In a landscape dominated by mountains and volcanoes with vast barren areas, most dairy farmers are situated in the pockets of productive land around the coast mainly in the south west. The country is home to about 26,000 dairy cows spread across 596 farms producing 150 million litres of milk per year. Icelandic dairy cattle are a small, hardy breed of mixed colours originally bought from Norway by the Vikings but with strong links to the Jersey.   Imports of both live animals and

Dairying in Iceland n 596 dairy farms n 26,000 cows n Average yield: 6,040kg/ year at 4,8 per cent protein, 5.44 per cent fat n Consumption of skyr per capita: 8.4kg/year n Milk quotas were removed in 2013 but reinstated in 2016 n The national quota pool for 2017 is 144m litres

small family-run businesses, but increasingly they are turning to technology to manage the work load and improve their lifestyle, with 42 per cent of Icelandic dairy farmers investing in robots. The farmer-owned co-operative MS Dairies processes 98 per cent of the country’s milk at four plants producing liquid milk, skyr, cheese and butter, 90 per cent of which is for domestic consumption, with 10 per cent exported.

National food genetics are banned, with the exception of a small quantity of beef semen, to protect the health of the national herd, so there is little scope to increase productivity of the cows other than by improved management. A recent change in Government legislation on housing making free stalls mandatory has seen a number of producers exit the industry. Those which remain are mainly

Skyr has been a national food of Iceland since Viking times. The cultured dairy product is technically a soft cheese but is widely regarded as yoghurt. It was traditionally made on every farm in Iceland using skimmed milk and a starter culture. Domestic consumption of skyr is high and rises significantly during the tourist season but it has gained in popularity worldwide as a healthy food in recent years being high in

protein (11 per cent) and very low in fat (0.2 per cent). Licences to produce Icelandic skyr have been granted in Norway, Sweden and Denmark from where it is exported

IN THE FIELD RUNAR BJARNASON, SELFOSS RUNAR Bjarnason, whose family have been farming since 1798, milks 65 cows on a 162-hectare (400-acre) unit near Selfoss, in southern Iceland. Although his three grown-up children will help out if needed, none of them want to take on the farm. In spite of this, two years ago he invested in a robot which has transformed the way he manages the farm. Cows

Runar Bjarnason (right) with veterinary student Hrafnhildur Anna Borlerfsdottio, who helps him during the holidays. 76 | DECEMBER 29 2017

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graze for just four hours a day from mid-May to mid-September because of the climate and daylight hours. The farm has just 40ha (98 acres) of productive grass for grazing and from which two cuts of hay or haylage is taken each year. The remainder of the grass is rough grazing for sheep and horses. There is also 16ha (40 acres) of

The installation of a robot has improved management.

27/12/2017 09:52


Domestic consumption of skyr is high and rises significantly during the tourist season.

to Finland, one of the biggest markets. Other non-Icelandic companies who produce a similar product have to label it as skyr like or skyr style.

wheat grown for animal feed. Cows have forage ad lib and are fed to yield through the robot and also at an out-of-parlour feeder to a maximum of 8-10kg daily.

Herd average The herd average is 6,500kg, with heifers expected to produce at least 4,000kg/annum and the best cows 50kg/day. They are currently

ONE community in the West Fjords of Iceland which is benefiting from the wider dairy industry is Bildudalur. Its economy was hit hard when fishing quotas were introduced in the 1980 making it hard to maintain the population and retain essential services needed to keep the community viable. But for the last 10 years calcified marine algae has been harvested off its coast and processed in Celtic Sea Minerals purpose-built factory in the town to make the rumen buffer, Acif Buf. The company now employs 25 local staff but this is increasing all the time. It has also resulted in a new pier being built in the town which allows cruise ships to dock, which in turn helps the local economy. The lack of industry and pollution in the area makes it the ideal location and sustainability is key to the whole production process which is closely monitored and regulated by environmental bodies and the Government. The marine algae (seaweed) grows clinging to the coast where it absorbs minerals from the sea causing it to calcify. The plant becomes white and brittle and the ends break off leaving the plant continuing to grow with a life cycle of four to seven years before the process is repeated.

averaging 2.8 milkings a day through the robot. The milk price of 63ppl may seem high but production costs are also high, with additional concentrates costing 90,000 Icelandic krone/ tonne (£632/t) to import along with fertiliser and other inputs. Increasing yield is the key to improved profitability but with the island having very few disease

This dead material then gets carried away from the coast and deposited further out to sea. It is then hoovered up along with some seawater by a purpose-built vessel and taken to the factory on the coastline.

Dried Here, after being screened for stones and drained, it is dried in the factory, which runs green energy, before being packed into 1,100kg bags and

Calcified marine algae has been harvested off Bildudalur coast for the last 10 years.

problems Mr Bjarnason understands why imports are banned. However, he says: “The gene pool is very small so we are always trying to move what different semen available around and I am not sure how well cattle produced from imported genetics would adapt to our system. “But if we could import some genetics carefully and still protect our native breed and prevent importation of disease then it certainly could help us to increase yields.”


Replacement heifer calves are reared on automatic milk machines.

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shipped to the company’s headquarters in Castletownbere, Co Cork, off the West Coast of Ireland. Here it is blended and packed and distributed around the world. The completely natural product which is certified organic and is 30 per cent calcium and 5.5 per cent magnesium, has a honeycomb structure meaning it breaks down slowly in the rumen and it is widely used in the dairy and beef cattle sector, but also in poultry, pig and equine diets.

The cows are all AI’d and most of the bull calves sold at a week old, although a few are retained for beef production. The calves are fed on auto feeders and Mr Bjarnason says they have no respiratory problems. Cows are expected to last five or six lactations, with some as many as 10. Since the installation of the robots the incidence of mastitis has reduced from 50 per cent to 20 per cent.

If we could import some genetics carefully and still protect our native breed and prevent importation of disease then it certainly could help us to increase yields RUNAR BJARNASON Mr Bjarnason says: “Data from the robot helps to pick up early signs of mastitis which helps us to deal with it. “They have been a good investment. Many farmers are switching to tourism but those which are remaining are all going onto robots.” DECEMBER 29 2017 | 77

27/12/2017 09:52

LIVESTOCK Icelandic sheep are a hardy breed which can be traced back to the Vikings.

Sheep farming in Iceland has changed significantly in the last decades, mainly as a result of more knowledgeable farmers and an effective breeding programme, delegates at Sheep Breeders Round Table were told.

Recording remains a major part of Icelandic sheep farming rMore than 90 per cent currently recorded

SHEEP farming has always played a major role in Icelandic agriculture, with sheepmeat the largest meat production sector at 34 per cent. This is down from 47 per cent in 1996 and as a result of over supply the price paid to farmers fell by 30 per cent over the last year. Production systems are very much influenced by the weather. Lambing takes place in May, normally inside, and then from June to September ewes and lambs are taken to graze on mountain pastures so the lower ground can be cut for forage. In September all sheep are gathered and brought back down for lambs to be slaughtered in September and October. Slaughterhouses close at the end of October and any lambs retained for breeding are then kept inside. Eybor Einarsson, of the Icelandic Agricultural Advisory Centre, said average growth rate of Icelandic lambs is 250-300g/day on good pasture reaching 40-45kg liveweight in fourfive months “The current breeding programme has changed the conformation and increased the ratio of muscle to fat and bone to in-lamb carcases. 78 | DECEMBER 29 2017

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“The breeding goal is to maximise growth rate, so optimum carcase weight can be attained on summer pastures.” Sheep were brought to Iceland by the Vikings and there has been little influence from other breeds since then. Icelandic sheep are double coated, can be horned or polled, can be various colours and have short legs and a heavy build.

Sheep in Iceland n 2,422 flocks, average size 195 head n Number of winter-fed sheep has remained at 440,000480,000 for 25 years n 20kg sheepmeat eaten/capita annually, although consumption is falling n Average lambing percentage is 1.81 n Average weaning percentage is 1.64 n Average days to slaughter 140 n The EUROP grid is used for classification, with 90 per cent of lambs hitting spec n Since 1999 carcase weight has increased from 15kg to 17kg deadweight and fat in carcases has declined

Unique to Iceland are Leadersheep which are unlike any other breed and long legged and narrow. Their role is to lead the flock, with each flock having just one or two of the breed. Because of the risk of scrapie Iceland is divided into isolation zones, with no movement allowed between zones and in some areas not even between flocks. Artificial insemination (AI) was introduced in 1939 and is often the only option to introduce new blood. About 30,000 ewes are inseminated each year, mainly with fresh semen and farmers carrying out the procedure themselves at a cost of £6-£7 per ewe. AI sires are selected from information on the sheep recording system.

Tradition There is a long tradition of sheep recording in Iceland which provides an important tool, both for farmers and breeding work. Currently more than 90 per cent of all sheep are recorded. Sheep farmers are obliged to record all their sheep in the system in order to receive their subsidies. The sheep recording system is web-based (, with each farmer having access to it to record information about his animals. They can create reports about their own flock as well as the most

productive farms and the progeny of AI rams. All animals have individual ID numbers based on birth year, sex, flock and number within the flock. This information stays with them if they move between flocks. EID is not used as it is considered too expensive. Other information then recorded includes litter size, colour, dam and sire ID, slaughter date, carcase weight, EUROP classification and cause of death (slaughter, culling, other losses). Individual information for all carcases is sent automatically from the slaughterhouse to the database. About 65,000 (10 per cent) of lambs are scanned each year for selection of replacements animals and progeny testing for weight and carcase quality. Progeny testing of rams in Iceland was initiated by Dr Halldor Palssonin in 1957, with the emphasis on carcase conformation. Rams which scored high for slaughter lambs were further tested for daughter productivity. Similar progeny tests are still run at the research farm, Hestur and advisers travel between farms with the equipment and advise on selection of breeding rams and ewe lambs.

27/12/2017 09:53


Once-a-Day feeding lays foundation to calf health in premier herd A once-a-day calf feeding system is allowing a premier Ayrshire breeder to devote more time to keeping his heifer replacements in tip-top health.

left to right: Bonanza’s Dr. Amanda Dunn, farmer Willie Whiteford and Willie’s nephew Steven

re a

l mi lk

A once-a-day calf feeding system is allowing a premier Ayrshire breeder to devote more of his time to keeping his heifer replacements in tip-top health. The Whitefords father Jack moved from Scotland in 1947 and established Middle Ayrshires and in the 1980s the family introduced Red and White bloodlines to the herd. The herd of 400 Ayrshires are based at Middle Farm, Carlisle, where Willie farms with his brother John and nephew Stephen.

i Made w


Six years ago, they introduced Shine- Once- a- Day milk replacer to calves at 28 days old. The system has been so successful that the family say there is no going back. “I wouldn’t go back to twice a day feeding from 28 days of age because feeding once a day gives me more time to spend with the calves. It means I can ensure the health of the animals is the best it can be,” says Stephen. After calves are born they

as far afield as Pembrokeshire and also Ireland. They have had five reduction sales in the past. They believe Shine Once-aDay allows calves to do well and grow to their full potential, ensuring that heifers that join the herd are of equal size and can continue to progress and thrive, allowing longevity. Shine Once-a-day contains skim milk, buttermilk and five plant oils. These, along with vitamins, form a soft curd in the calf’s stomach and are broken down over many hours. This gives the calf a sense of fullness and contentment, says Selina Field of Bonanza Calf Nutrition. “Calves also eat about 15per cent more dry feed so there is no weaning check,” she explains. “In trials, calves perform better and are under less stress, especially at weaning.” Shine Once-a-Day is as time efficient as using an automatic feeder but costs nothing to implement and calves can be kept in small groups to minimise disease.

Shine Once-a-day giving more for less


Freephone 0808 1781017

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are given 4 litres of colostrums within four hours and then transition milk for seven days. Thereafter, they receive Shine Once-a-day twice a day until day 28 when feeding frequency is reduced to once a day to increase rumen development and cake intake; this approach makes weaning easier and ensures there is no fall in cake intake post- weaning. The calves are housed individually at first then in groups of 7 or 8 at 28 days. To encourage earlier meal intake, calves have continual access to rearing nut, water and straw from day one. After weaning the calves continue to receive the rearing nut and are fed straw to ensure a gradual change in diet. The herd is continually developing and is currently yielding an average of 7,000 litres annually. The Whitefords champion the Ayrshire as a breed that is long lived and easy to care for. They also have good mobility and are easy to manage, he says. They have customers for cows and calves all over the UK,

Selina Field - Business Manager

20/12/2017 11:55

LIVESTOCK £Profit explained

Tim Phipps

Moderate cow size and data-based genetic selection led Daventry beef producers to Stabilisers. Farmers Guardian reports.

New perspective on genetic selection


ot too long ago, genetic selections made by Tim Phipps, and his dad, Geoff, were by gut instinct and visual observations. Their then 80-head suckler unit of Hereford cross Simmental cows put to a terminal Angus bull was managed solely to chase more kilos of beef to fit their yearling store market. Along with calving issues and the larger calves’ lack of vigour to get up and suckle, the farm’s average cow size had ballooned to 850kg. “They were producing nice store animals, but it took a lot of feed to keep them and their calves going,” says Mr Phipps. “We were also having metabolic issues with some of the larger cows which led to grass staggers in the spring and autumn.” In 2011, they began looking for a solution to fix large cow size and decided to trial 20 Stabiliser replacement heifers and a bull in 2012 when they relocated to a farm near Daventry. “We had to downsize our herd from 80 to 30 cows when we moved,

80 | DECEMBER 29 2017

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The multi-trait selection index will also make it possible for me to select animals based on their projected profitability TIM PHIPPS making it the perfect time to overhaul our breeding programme. Our first set of Stabiliser calves had equal weaning weights to our terminal cross calves and the cows took a third less of the feed to maintain,” says Mr Phipps. “We have been undergoing rapid expansion and will calve 170 females

this spring. We are also finishing all our own bulls, sending them to Morrisons on their Yearling Beef Scheme at under 14 months of age, weighing on average 360kg deadweight.”

Benefits Along with reducing calving difficulties and increasing feed efficiency, Mr Phipps says one of the biggest benefits to their transition has been implementing the use of data to make genetic selections. “Admittedly, when I first started utilising EBVs, I chased too hard after maternal traits and started losing out on terminal traits like calf growth – it is easy to go too far in one direction. “We are doing a better job now of finding the selection balance. The launch of the Stabiliser Cattle Company’s new multi-trait selection index, £Profit, will simplify the process. This will not only allow me to select for terminal and maternal traits simultaneously, but it will also make it possible for me to select animals based on their projected profitability.”

UNITED States beef specialist and rancher Lee Leachman of Leachman Cattle of Colorado, explains: “One of the most complicated components of making genetic selection decisions with EBVs is finding the middle ground. Maximum profitability typically happens at optimal levels – not maximum levels – for most traits.” To simplify finding balance in the selection process, Mr Leachman developed a simulation model to accurately weigh Economically Relevant Traits (assessed with EBVs) against each other in projected market conditions. The model predicts partial budgets based on an animal’s genetic data. This model, utilised by the US beef industry for the last 13 years, has recently been launched as £Profit in the UK for Stabiliser cattle.

Sire “Based on data collected from the UK beef industry, £Profit assumes one bull will sire 140 calves in his lifetime and 30 per cent of these will be kept as replacements, and the remaining 70 per cent finished to slaughter on farm,” explains Mr Leachman. “These assumptions are used to weigh the relationship between ERTs and associated farm costs such as pasture, feed and premiums/discounts associated with the EU’s carcase grading scheme and associated payments to farmers.” The result is a £Profit figure used to compare cattle against each other based on relative differences in profitability. For example, if one sire has a £Profit of £10,000 and another has a £Profit of £6,000, the model predicts a lifetime advantage of £4,000 from the higher bull. “Not only does the accuracy and simplicity make £Profit a great tool for UK beef producers utilising Stabiliser genetics, feedback in perfecting the model is taken into consideration from beef producers actually using it – not scientist off farm,” says Mr Leachman. “And with one million head of cattle already on the simulation model in Australia, New Zealand the United States, it further opens the door to a larger data bank and comparison opportunities.”

20/12/2017 11:56



Shirley and Rob take top spot rSingle point between

first and second places England: Elaine Hill SHIRLEY Cropper and Rob won the Yorkshire nursery trial with a single point advantage. The trial was held on a pasture above the village of Bradley, near Skipton, from where there were far reaching views over the Aire Valley. The undulating course sloped downhill from left to right and rose gently up to the lift. It could be gathered equally well from either side. Just the correct amount of pressure was needed to manage the Texel cross lambs over the outfield. If they were pushed too hard, they

would split up, yet they would face those dogs which were too gentle. Sheep were often reluctant to come down the fetch in a straight line and were tricky at the turn. However, once on their way over the left-hand drive, they flowed more easily. In clear but cool weather, John Rangeley judged the entry of 33 dogs.

Clean outrun Shirley ran Rob (J.M. Hutchinson’s Beechwood Cass, R.J. Hutchinson’s Sweep) at number five. The smooth-coated dog had a clean lefthand outrun before losing just a single point from his lift. Line deviations down the fetch cost five marks. Rob handled his sheep well throughout the drive,

where four points in total were deducted for minor wavers. Sheep were not easy to pen, however Rob held his packet in the mouth before persuading them to go in at a loss of just one point. This gave him the top score of 79 points. This was his second nursery title and he also won the nursery championship at Slacksdale. Running at 19, William Bell and Ruby were Rob’s closest contenders. Smooth-coated Ruby ran out cleanly before losing five points for a slow lift. Once she had bossed her lambs, she had a nice run, losing four points from her fetch and three throughout her driving. A clean pen gave her second placing on 78 points.

Shirley Cropper and Rob won the Yorkshire nursery trial.

Double win for Swedish Mosse and Welsh team Scotland: Sine Robertson MOSSE Magnusson’s Kemi Sally worked very steadily at Ardormie, with no holes in the work and, with kennelmate Sprout, achieved a double Cymric Swedish success for Swedish Mosse and his Welsh-bred team. The Easy Care lambs behaved well if handled appropriately on the rolling hillside. Sally ran out well, and despite stopping a little short at the top, had a decent lift. She fetched and drove very well and penned cleanly. A good shed completed the run in first place.


English results YORKSHIRE, Jackson Lane, Bradley, Skipton, North Yorkshire (Judge, J. Rangeley, Bolton Percy) Nursery (33 ran) 1, S. Cropper (Deerplay) Rob, 79 of 90; 2, W. Bell (Earby) Ruby, 78; 3, J. Dewhurst (Winterburn) Bess, 77; 4, J. Cropper (Deerplay) Gil, 75; 5, R. Atkins (Oakworth) Dash, 71; 6, L. Bancroft (Barnoldswick) Jade, 70. NORTH WESTMORLAND, The Lea, Laithes, Penrith (R. Watson, Millom, 57 ran) Nursery, 1, A. Temple (Holmrook) Jill, 81 of 90; 2, J. Harrison (Shap) Pen-y-Borough Joe, 79; 3, S. Perello (Littledale) Murguia Khuro, 78 OLF; 4, D. Scrimgeour (Wigton) Jet, 78; 5, D. Purdham (Holmrook) Tanhill Tag, 76; 6, G. Smithson (Kirkbride) Floss, 73. Novice, 1, M. Beaty (Laithes) Jim, 76 of 90; 2, A. Temple, Jan, 75; 3, L. Cowper (Threlkeld) Flo, 70; 4, N. McNally (Roadhead) Zac, 69. New handler, 1, R. Harrison Jnr (Shap) Lad; 2, H. Harrison (Shap) Sky.

Scottish results ARDORMIE (Judge, A.D. Carnegie, Comrie) Nursery (24 ran) 1, M. Magnusson (Mid Derry) Kemi Sally, 92; 2, M. Magnusson, Sprout, 90; 3, L. Hinnekens (Auchterarder) Khal, 89 Outbye; 4, E. Nilsson (Meigle) Midderry Kid, 89; 5, K. Howlett (Muthill) Yellowhill Jock, 88; 6, R Lewis (Killin) Ruby, 83. Novice, 1, M Lundin (Sweden) Sture, 70. TRONEYHILL, ANCRUM (D. Henderson, Allendale) Nursery (17 ran) 1, R. Dalziel (Ettrick) Mack, 92; 2, M. Arres (Ashkirk) Moss, 89; 3, D. Gilchrist (Oxton) Peg, 77; 4, C. Dickson (Coldingham) Stuart, 73 Outbye; 5, A.

p81 Dec 29 OM.indd 2

Sprout too, stopped a little short, but he made a clean lift and another good fetch. Minor wavers on the drive and a small break before lambs went into the pen put Sprout behind Sally, but a good shed finished the run in second place. The Cheviot Mule ewe lambs at Easter Bush behaved reasonably well if the young dogs were not too tight on them, but otherwise they could take off. The field was flat at hand, and rose at the far end, but the cross drive was hard to judge. Dave Smith’s Ross handled lambs calmly and they responded by walking Dickman (Oxton) Jaff, 73; 6, J. Robinson (Coldingham) Jack, 71. Novice, G. Pate (Humbie) Tib, 61. EASTER BUSH (M. Davidson, Lilburn) Nursery (24 ran) 1, D. Smith (Lanark) Ross, 90; 2, J. Hill (Heriot) Bill, 85; 3, R.B. Henderson (Heriot) Lad, 83; 4, J. McRobert (Tweedsmuir) Bill, 82; 5, R. Henderson (Crawford) Bill, 74 Outbye; 6, G.C. Gardner (Lesmahagow) Nan, 74. Novice, 1, K. Aitchison (Mossdale), Beth, 73; 2, R. Reid (Carnwath) Skye, 50. KILWHANNEL, BALLANTRAE (N. McVicar, Benmore) Nursery (10 ran) 1, I. Fergie (Straiton) Craig, 85; 2, J.R. Welsh (Dalrymple) Sweep, 74; 3, A. McCulloch (Dalmellington) Meg, 73; 4, W. Welsh (Dalcairney) Chance (Chase), 59; 5, A. McCulloch (Dalmellington) Sam, 55.

steadily round the course with minor wavers of lines, but again, no holes in the work. The big Texel cross ewes at Kilwhannel were very unpredictable on a wet, rising field, and tended to pull towards the exhaust pen, during the close work.

Off line Ian Fergie’s Craig came in at the end of his outrun and pushed the sheep off line, but he fetched well, with just minor wavers before the gates. Ewes were slightly wide at the start of the drive, but once on line, they went

well until just before the cross drive gate, but Craig put them successfully through. A clean chute and a good, if slightly hesitant, shed helped maintain South Ayrshire’s first place. Jock Welsh’s Sweep took a whistle on his outrun and lifted slightly off line, but he worked well on the fetch and drive, until Jock’s misjudgement caused Sweep to miss the cross drive gate. Ewes went through the chute after minor attempts at breaking and, although Sweep failed to take positive control at the shed, he earned second place.

Trials diary ENGLAND December 30. WHITBECK, Opens, am and pm trials, Town End Hall Farm, Whitbeck, Millom, Cumbria, pre-entry, first 25 dogs per trial, contact R. Watson, tel: 07825 875 097. WEST COUNTRY, Nursery, Maltese cross then driving, Pennare Farm, Veryan, Truro, TR2 5PH, 10am start, enter on field. December 31. BARFORD MEADOWS, New Year’s Eve Charity Open, near Kettering, Northamptonshire,

8.30am start, pre-entry to C. Cassie, tel: 07979 602 847, first 40 dogs, catering, proceeds to The Wildlife Trust. January 6. SLINDON, Opens, am and pm trials, Slindon House Farm, Slindon, Eccleshall, Staffordshire, ST21 6LX, 8.15am start, pre-enter to G. Bonsall, tel: 07749 298 682, catering. January 7. WHITBECK, Opens, Town End Hall Farm, Whitbeck, Millom, Cumbria, am trial first 25 dogs followed by pm trial no limits, enter on field.

For championship winning performances – CP30

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MARKET PRICES PRIMESTOCK ENGLAND STEERS Market day(s) week ending December 20 Acklington Ashford Bakewell Barnard Castle Beeston Castle Bentham Bishops Castle Bridgnorth Brockholes Carlisle Cirencester Clitheroe Cockermouth Colchester Darlington Derby Exeter Frome Gisburn Hailsham Hallworthy Hatherleigh Hawes Hereford Hexham Holmfirth Holsworthy Hull Kendal Kington Kirkby Stephen Lancaster Leek Leyburn Liskeard Longtown Louth Ludlow Malton Market Drayton Market Harborough Melton Mowbray Newark Newton Abbot Northallerton Oswestry Otley Penrith Ross-On-Wye Rugby Ruswarp Salisbury Scots Gap Sedgemoor Selby Shaftesbury Shrewsbury Skipton South Molton Stratford Thame Thirsk Thrapston Truro Ulverston Wigton Winslow Wooler Worcester York

Th\We Tu Th\Mo We Th\Mo Tu\We We Tu Tu\We Mo Th Tu We Tu Th\Mo Mo\Tu We Th\Sa We Th Mo Tu We Tu Tu We Mo Tu Th Tu Fr\Mo Th\Tu We Tu (wk) Th Th Mo Tu Mo\We We Tu Sa\Tu We Tu\We We Mo Mo\We Mo Mo Mo Tu We Mo We Tu Mo Th Tu We Th Th We Tu Th\Tu Mo We We Mo




Total cattle number

Light average

Medium average

Heavy average

Light average

Medium average

Heavy average

Light average

Medium average

Heavy average

31 8 97 23 130 8 122 13 12 65 236 9 15 38 1 7 2 7 5 1 4 6 404 31 121 21 139 22 14 6 71 25 26 43 187 5 18 268 4 47 24 132

76.00 176.00 158.50 176.00 222.50 164.17 180.00 167.25 104.50 207.67 148.50 214.00 200.00 190.83 183.71 204.17 216.83 205.30 192.50

205.00 205.00 194.33 184.00 197.67 218.04 164.25 209.64 220.18 189.50 166.75 199.75 204.17 196.96 223.07 193.75 174.50 226.40 201.25 206.45 190.33 174.67 188.03 231.39 179.00 240.50 193.37 181.43 203.50

189.14 171.50 192.33 192.29 199.59 177.83 212.50 191.00 198.60 235.50 238.00 172.50 202.00 188.00 195.90 203.00 169.50 185.50 207.83 206.83 199.00 173.10 203.50

220.00 159.57 176.75 196.86 207.67 188.00 205.72 208.19 179.00 175.00 146.00 199.50 85.33 197.50 264.50 170.73 235.00 224.67 203.90 167.00 85.00 226.55 236.50 232.92 194.50 180.50

204.86 209.70 205.50 161.25 215.89 210.00 218.17 192.50 205.31 222.00 186.75 176.40 194.00 220.30 170.00 144.50 108.50 207.00 134.50 209.53 237.93 176.26 208.17 228.65 225.70 216.29 202.48 191.00 146.14 174.70 225.56 151.00 236.19 229.99 172.00 220.17 214.83 209.65

192.71 207.00 150.25 185.45 159.25 144.03 179.00 200.36 197.62 184.25 161.17 210.50 185.00 149.50 155.00 201.50 219.50 199.44 254.50 177.40 183.83 206.20 184.00 138.50 200.63 210.50 186.00 166.93 212.21 161.67 217.58 155.00 215.06 141.33 207.79

196.00 141.90 200.50 170.62 162.90 166.50 198.75 173.50 177.38 191.75 123.94 178.20 163.30 160.00 125.50 171.65 170.43 226.50 161.86

194.50 191.67 190.00 194.00 181.45 197.22 202.50 201.84 190.67 201.84 199.83 192.44 191.26 194.67 203.00 174.00 143.60 197.08 188.13 182.50 199.43

202.50 139.00 185.80 193.70 212.00 219.61 245.00 210.05 220.50 198.00 206.33 221.50 201.00 221.39 199.92 204.50 195.65

20 25 86 117 19 17 27 379 9 14 6 102 18 54 81 4 5 40 1 108 44 17 8 7 74 3 117 10 28 7 14 23 15 11 14 26 89 3 43 20 26 18 24 2 16

199.00 169.50 203.67 226.75 212.00 204.50

243.00 233.00 225.00 192.05 229.78 221.95 192.75

161.33 199.50 211.48 -

236.00 81.00 223.90 232.50 211.67 178.33

229.87 222.86 176.83 233.50 214.33 210.08 228.13 219.38 195.17

224.00 145.00 214.53 133.50 223.00 110.41 214.00 208.00 183.40

139.00 153.25 119.00

183.00 119.00

195.43 -

148 2 31 28 68 84 118 207

Total cow number

Grade 3 average

Dairy sired average

Beef sired average

Total N lambs

135.17 109.00

111.10 121.40 109.43 83.50

93.33 81.12 102.68 96.68 86.17 59.67 93.78 97.37 96.50 96.61 85.17 85.65 99.87 86.75 69.75 102.17 91.88 95.20 105.83 60.50 95.04 82.76 80.33 93.67 103.58 89.29 124.00 95.94 98.67 112.21 80.73 95.00 -

120.00 155.50 121.88 109.32 108.29 116.64 134.03 126.06 124.93 86.67 123.20 129.83 98.69 134.43 88.00 123.10 65.00 126.50 93.70 113.00 82.75 142.79 111.87 108.00 109.62 113.20 126.36 105.75 126.91 133.36 88.50 91.33 188.50 121.57 99.75 117.67 91.70 142.00 134.75 -

2313 1899 2672 290 596 2593 1224 1663 615 2767 689 648 1484 201 2610 796 317 1352 278 55 128 1245 1827 744 488 572 1473 1190 2925 386 806 1120 155 5722 176 3441 383 1344 219 968 2404 20 1306 3735 1034 2472 1718 2964 44 281 216 651 281 1309 3849 1776 242 557 819 777 47 555 1703 94 475 946 357



92.30 86.20 98.30 88.20 80.70

128.20 106.00 106.10 118.20 113.40 131.40 118.40 118.00

2405 1752 581 779 740 521 395 1894 1397 2007 1706 2475 1332

Grade 1 average

SCOTLAND Ayr Caithness Castle Douglas Dingwall Dumfries Forfar Huntly Kirkwall Lanark Lockerbie Newton Stewart Newtown St Boswells Stirling (caledonian) Stirling (ua) Thainstone

Mo\Tu Mo\Tu Tu We We We Mo Mo We Mo We\Th\Tu Th\We Th

82 | DECEMBER 29 2017

p82 89 Dec29.indd 2

29 1 42 11 4 6 51 57 143 22

27/12/2017 10:03

0 0 8

2 9


3 6

3 7 0

3 9 3




0 0 0

5 9 7 0 2


6 5


6 0


7 5







0 0

0 0


PLEASE NOTE: Due to Christmas publishing deadlines, primestock averages are quoted for the period December 14-20. All prices quoted in p/kg.

Source: AHDB/LAA


Source: AHDB/LAA



Total N/S lambs

N/S lambs light average

N/S lambs standard average

N/S lambs medium average

N/S lambs heavy average

N/S SQQ average

Total Ewes

Ewes average

2313 1899 2672 290 596 2593 1224 1663 615 2767 689 648 1484 201 2610 796 317 1352 278 55 128 1245 1827 744 488 572 1473 1190 2925 386 806 1120 155 5722 176 3441 383 1344 219 968 2404 20 1306 3735 1034 2472 1718 2964 44 281 216 651 281 1309 3849 1776 242 557 819 777 47 555 1703 94 475 946 357

161.32 171.98 133.69 158.38 170.50 168.00 204.05 142.26 171.92 146.38 160.50 178.00 143.53 122.77 169.17 164.33 159.62 156.12 162.94 170.50 157.85 162.00 141.10 147.76 174.44 197.21 152.67 166.00 113.64 177.94 147.41 108.33 140.58 169.13 203.10 17.90 150.00 -

188.89 178.62 180.74 187.50 185.31 176.41 182.87 176.40 174.51 191.90 172.19 172.56 182.96 190.40 184.13 165.54 181.33 187.23 170.93 174.00 151.38 152.24 178.41 216.24 173.80 186.00 170.27 186.48 175.81 145.22 174.88 175.27 173.40 182.96 177.71 165.38 181.44 170.80 174.83 190.83 194.88 165.91 156.06 185.21 176.00 187.69 144.87 173.49 186.99 165.63 176.92 181.93 193.05 159.30 177.02 174.81 168.69 173.64 182.02 235.75 193.41 166.80 178.02

185.53 169.18 187.46 179.77 186.22 178.04 188.70 180.64 173.59 192.53 174.91 166.49 188.25 192.03 179.80 168.14 176.73 186.64 171.56 179.12 170.26 162.49 177.73 184.24 193.26 179.62 178.60 177.16 178.74 166.80 190.16 180.81 177.24 186.26 175.45 183.85 180.15 189.73 172.70 173.69 193.30 161.00 191.79 180.04 174.62 187.02 176.00 184.65 159.82 181.70 182.60 175.95 177.54 180.47 190.25 170.03 177.54 169.18 182.37 182.22 204.78 180.40 201.52 162.40 186.08 180.43 198.68

176.13 165.03 176.32 168.78 179.33 167.93 179.18 172.61 167.29 180.19 161.91 168.41 183.10 180.27 180.24 162.92 174.12 169.32 163.25 173.00 158.71 160.32 168.66 170.24 186.68 175.37 170.74 166.90 178.06 172.42 178.15 178.49 174.23 178.18 170.40 169.18 177.44 181.90 165.80 166.21 180.17 174.00 182.81 174.79 177.61 176.07 168.00 180.65 145.07 177.56 160.54 174.24 178.35 177.19 180.82 167.83 174.60 165.74 179.25 174.36 198.41 179.10 182.50 155.67 165.26 174.03 180.94

186.22 171.90 185.83 181.38 182.80 174.07 182.46 179.07 173.74 192.46 174.63 166.94 184.90 191.74 179.05 167.40 177.93 185.75 171.44 176.93 164.22 157.71 177.20 184.92 187.10 179.70 176.59 177.97 175.53 162.64 186.13 179.59 176.63 182.47 175.45 182.68 178.14 182.35 171.99 173.72 192.55 161.00 188.51 165.98 171.28 185.84 176.00 185.48 152.38 178.67 177.11 174.74 177.49 180.65 190.56 167.82 177.40 170.54 180.09 181.67 204.78 180.32 206.94 162.40 186.52 176.44 192.38

778 411 1015 154 116 1218 863 127 151 235 285 120 33 838 655 113 512 158 38 2594 15 221 236 2 586 150 848 31 282 154 94 4082 33 1506 194 346 30 145 2062 219 770 237 1153 255 879 274 30 152 15 71 229 305 592 50 29 113 123 8 48 78 2 45 674 76

65.85 56.70 62.50 63.79 53.61 60.04 57.56 57.10 59.42 53.25 47.79 46.18 35.76 57.76 63.87 40.48 56.78 61.15 51.41 57.25 68.80 54.70 53.39 28.00 50.84 76.06 43.90 57.03 61.76 62.02 52.99 60.12 68.98 57.19 73.19 64.59 50.50 39.26 78.01 66.58 43.54 83.65 59.21 76.00 74.24 56.09 53.90 58.50 59.60 69.63 63.46 59.38 57.26 70.25 50.52 61.69 55.13 49.94 80.42 47.86 60.00 49.93 72.34 63.97

2405 1752 581 779 740 521 395 1894 1397 2007 1706 2475 1332

157.92 158.95 170.85 160.00 130.33 166.36 154.18 95.23 135.69 157.92 -

177.37 169.75 145.77 182.23 163.04 138.73 154.31 169.20 166.29 172.01 168.49 171.32 170.51

182.46 181.44 170.63 179.63 176.83 172.89 161.39 184.05 173.86 187.00 181.11 181.79 175.43

173.50 167.94 165.24 168.65 173.99 166.90 160.46 172.70 164.69 179.26 175.46 173.83 169.96

178.98 178.27 165.04 178.93 172.53 156.38 159.98 178.48 169.82 182.06 173.99 176.18 175.39

Source: IAAS/ScotEID

p82 89 Dec29.indd 3

492 370 70 208 170 973 100 617 227 626 586 1739 -

49.09 43.66 88.30 56.83 76.36 52.74 61.00 55.85 56.83 60.93 67.33 48.23 -

Market day(s) week ending December 20 Bala Brecon Bryncir Builth Wells Carmarthen Dolgellau Gaerwen Hay On Wye Knighton Llanrwst Machynlleth Mold Monmouthshire Newcastle Emlyn Rhayader Market Ruthin St Asaph Talgarth Talybont-On-Usk Welshpool Whitland

Th We Fr Th Mo Tu\We Th Th Tu We Mo Mo\We Th Tu Fr\Tu Th Fr Th Mo Tu

Total cattle number

Light average

3 150 8 9 -

178.58 -


Medium average

Heavy average

Light average

Medium average

Heavy average

152.80 183.97 -

168.40 184.97 -

191.25 192.00 94.00 -

190.93 191.00 147.00 -

187.32 197.50 136.20 -

YOUNG BULLS Light average Bala Brecon Bryncir Builth Wells Carmarthen Dolgellau Gaerwen Hay On Wye Knighton Llanrwst Machynlleth Mold Monmouthshire Newcastle Emlyn Rhayader Market Ruthin St Asaph Talgarth Talybont-On-Usk Welshpool Whitland

Medium average


Heavy average

Total cow number

Grade 1 average

Grade 3 average

Dairy sired average

Beef sired average

171.00 -

10 67 8 72 1 26 -



89.70 94.41 88.00 -

102.40 117.10 122.88 119.29 139.50 121.08 -

170.00 -

185.83 -

Total N/S lambs

N/S lambs light average

N/S lambs standard average

N/S lambs medium average

N/S lambs heavy average

N/S SQQ average

Total Ewes

Ewes average

1701 526 1722 83 1136 120 1078 1636 356 613 2810 441 929 4692 3999 1665 178 7553 141

163.10 152.95 165.65 153.95 144.79 147.71 146.13 159.00 158.92 151.64 166.04 155.97 175.09 177.87 164.11 152.44 146.14

171.76 163.54 177.27 174.00 155.70 166.74 176.00 165.26 169.51 166.60 175.31 168.35 166.23 165.26 180.06 184.17 170.46 174.86 168.02

167.24 169.54 169.91 162.00 169.41 177.42 178.67 171.19 172.94 173.17 180.67 174.65 173.56 181.94 185.76 176.99 180.31 180.40 183.27

157.62 162.46 165.36 159.86 166.83 166.88 165.64 170.90 175.28 167.45 174.93 181.09 168.88 164.44 173.81 154.00

165.32 159.90 170.84 154.63 150.57 172.92 178.65 159.10 151.89 170.87 173.98 169.65 169.22 171.26 181.83 180.00 173.23 173.91 167.73

155 171 83 3 208 86 67 682 110 47 798 846 287 2235 60

55.06 47.91 40.22 42.17 46.92 24.06 43.91 54.49 65.80 40.91 43.70 56.05 44.15 52.38 57.41


Bala Brecon Bryncir Builth Wells Carmarthen Dolgellau Gaerwen Hay On Wye Knighton Llanrwst Machynlleth Mold Monmouthshire Newcastle Emlyn Rhayader Market Ruthin St Asaph Talgarth Talybont-On-Usk Welshpool Whitland

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Ashford Bakewell Barnard Castle Beeston Castle Bentham Bishops Castle Bridgnorth Brockholes Carlisle Cirencester Clitheroe Cockermouth Colchester Darlington Derby Exeter Frome Gisburn Hailsham Hallworthy Hatherleigh Hereford Hexham Holmfirth Holsworthy Hull Kendal Kington Kirkby Stephen Lancaster Leek Leyburn Liskeard Longtown Louth Ludlow Market Drayton Melton Mowbray Middleton-In-Teesdale Newark Newton Abbot Northallerton Oswestry Otley Penrith Rugby Salisbury Sedgemoor Selby Shaftesbury Shrewsbury Skipton Stratford Tavistock Thame Thirsk Thrapston Truro Ulverston Wigton Wooler Worcester York

Tu Mo Fr We Th Fr Tu We Tu Th\Tu Fr Mo Fr\Tu We\Fr Th\Sa We Th We Fr Tu We

Fr Sa\Tu

Tu Th Fr We Tu Sa We We Fr Mo Mo Tu We\Sa Th\Mo Tu Mo

Fr Sa We Th Sa Th

6-12 month steers

12-18 month steers

18+ month steers

6-12 month heifers

12-18 month heifers


STORES (NATIVE-SIRED 18+ month heifers

6-12 month steers

12-18 month steers

18+ month steers

6-12 month heifers

12-18 month heifers

18+ month heifers

6-12 mon steers

No. / Av.

No. / Av.

No. / Av.

No. / Av.

No. / Av.

No. / Av.

No. / Av.

No. / Av.

No. / Av.

No. / Av.

No. / Av.

No. / Av.

No. / Av.

-/13/775.4 -/-/-/18/796.1 4/840.0 -/34/795.1 -/1/480.0 -/-/1/930.0 -/11/582.3 23/769.0 -/-/-/-/-/28/858.9 -/-/-/-/-/-/-/14/679.3 -/-/-/-/-/-/-/-/3/753.3 -/1/645.0 -/11/883.6 6/698.3 9/606.1 -/24/695.4 -/1/668.0 5/746.0 -/-/-/69/748.8 -/-/-/-/-/-/9/676.7 3/851.7

-/6/905.0 -/-/-/26/970.0 2/700.0 -/19/930.3 -/4/908.8 5/1033.0 -/11/924.5 -/16/644.4 3/786.7 1/440.0 -/2/775.0 -/-/30/1068.2 -/2/705.0 -/-/-/-/-/7/862.1 -/-/-/-/6/1000.0 3/891.7 -/-/-/-/5/1042.0 -/4/1002.5 6/870.0 1/855.0 -/23/793.3 -/-/-/-/-/-/35/884.9 -/7/1021.4 2/790.0 -/3/1058.3 -/9/837.8 1/700.0

-/12/1037.5 -/5/1046.0 -/13/1005.0 3/718.3 -/68/1141.5 3/806.7 6/840.0 -/-/5/1035.0 -/43/1014.2 1/845.0 -/-/13/976.5 -/-/76/1244.0 -/4/827.5 -/-/-/-/23/1191.3 20/947.3 -/-/4/903.8 -/29/1085.0 -/1/855.0 -/2/475.0 -/23/1006.3 -/25/1055.6 5/1005.0 -/-/54/985.0 -/20/718.9 -/-/-/-/25/976.5 -/15/966.0 2/850.0 -/6/1088.3 -/-/1/785.0

-/25/694.0 -/-/-/7/768.6 7/560.0 -/27/709.6 3/365.0 6/617.5 -/-/8/739.4 -/4/557.5 14/613.4 -/-/4/752.5 -/-/14/841.8 -/-/-/-/-/-/2/900.0 26/543.7 -/-/-/-/-/-/-/-/6/448.3 -/2/850.0 -/3/750.0 4/607.5 6/578.3 -/21/581.4 -/-/-/-/-/-/32/593.5 -/-/3/425.0 -/-/-/4/613.8 1/820.0

-/5/756.0 -/2/750.0 -/17/827.1 7/650.7 -/29/911.9 -/3/813.3 -/-/1/945.0 -/19/662.6 1/590.0 -/-/2/555.0 -/-/38/960.0 1/575.0 1/660.0 -/-/-/-/-/6/720.0 -/-/-/-/2/940.0 3/916.7 -/-/4/520.0 -/4/786.3 -/4/823.8 2/1130.0 1/540.0 -/17/580.0 -/-/-/-/-/-/24/662.0 -/-/-/-/4/1030.0 -/9/653.3 2/842.5

-/8/877.5 -/5/855.0 -/20/924.3 3/636.7 5/949.0 51/1029.8 -/12/897.9 -/-/6/1003.3 -/39/796.4 1/850.0 -/-/-/-/-/62/1082.0 3/748.3 3/860.0 -/-/-/-/28/962.1 10/621.5 -/-/2/640.0 -/24/984.8 1/490.0 3/735.0 -/3/613.3 -/2/815.0 -/25/931.8 21/1109.8 1/1070.0 -/24/782.9 -/17/520.5 -/-/-/-/26/805.2 -/-/3/685.0 -/7/957.9 -/-/5/894.0

-/11/630.0 -/-/-/5/534.0 1/470.0 -/17/701.8 2/382.0 -/-/-/9/616.7 -/6/598.3 6/529.8 3/500.0 -/5/383.0 -/-/10/816.0 -/-/-/-/-/-/-/18/596.1 -/-/-/1/440.0 -/-/-/-/-/-/1/790.0 -/9/455.6 -/19/610.5 25/632.4 29/629.7 -/-/2/477.5 -/-/-/27/767.0 -/-/2/590.0 -/-/-/2/510.0 -/-

-/6/780.0 -/-/-/-/3/560.0 3/846.7 26/960.4 5/558.4 5/843.0 3/468.3 -/4/945.0 -/15/781.3 18/619.6 3/650.0 -/15/664.3 -/-/29/905.5 -/2/635.0 -/-/-/-/1/1040.0 9/657.8 -/-/-/2/650.0 -/4/802.5 -/-/-/-/11/967.3 -/13/933.1 7/853.6 -/-/51/638.7 -/-/-/-/-/-/21/896.1 -/2/1067.5 -/-/1/1015.0 -/9/563.3 1/900.0

-/8/988.8 -/11/1050.9 -/1/750.0 10/592.5 4/837.5 51/1038.4 11/747.5 2/757.5 -/-/3/1033.3 -/62/909.2 30/893.0 1/935.0 -/13/833.8 -/-/25/1128.8 -/12/844.2 -/-/-/-/44/1106.1 14/908.6 -/-/1/950.0 -/8/975.6 14/769.6 3/896.7 -/8/763.1 -/16/1046.3 -/26/1051.3 2/935.0 6/865.0 6/660.0 100/919.2 -/-/-/-/-/-/19/1039.2 -/16/1004.1 6/825.8 -/3/1055.0 -/1/675.0 1/860.0

1/150.0 5/360.0 -/-/-/-/7/500.0 -/17/514.1 5/353.0 -/-/-/22/506.8 -/16/490.3 1/340.0 10/409.0 -/4/288.8 -/-/3/806.7 4/476.0 1/420.0 -/-/-/-/-/3/490.0 -/-/-/-/8/49.4 3/273.3 -/-/20/517.3 -/-/-/3/418.3 -/4/475.0 5/420.2 35/511.6 -/-/3/293.3 -/-/-/9/598.4 -/-/4/516.3 -/-/-/5/437.0 3/576.7

-/3/690.0 -/1/1060.0 -/3/625.0 3/611.7 3/765.0 27/812.2 1/340.0 9/493.3 7/365.0 -/4/818.8 -/17/627.4 13/559.3 4/588.8 -/4/525.0 -/-/36/852.1 -/5/612.0 -/-/-/-/2/940.0 15/517.7 -/-/3/703.3 13/632.7 1/800.0 -/-/-/2/585.0 -/6/620.0 -/16/627.8 -/2/695.0 3/535.0 30/581.2 -/1/490.0 2/617.5 -/-/-/3/590.0 -/-/-/-/-/-/7/450.0 3/711.7

1/180.0 10/753.5 -/30/519.0 -/1/650.0 6/717.5 9/818.3 21/979.5 8/435.1 8/809.4 1/385.0 -/6/836.7 -/29/669.7 19/745.8 7/712.9 -/2/732.5 -/-/25/1049.2 5/587.0 19/673.7 -/-/-/-/50/906.8 27/764.6 -/-/1/870.0 3/790.0 3/808.3 1/815.0 8/666.9 -/8/637.5 -/26/900.2 -/18/911.4 12/1051.7 1/700.0 3/625.0 87/768.3 -/7/747.9 1/540.0 -/-/-/22/703.2 -/-/16/893.8 -/-/-/-/5/838.0

-/7/590.0 -/-/-/-/-/-/-/-/-/-/-/-/-/2/345.0 12/264.5 -/-/2/295.0 -/-/-/2/215.0 -/-/-/-/-/-/-/-/-/-/-/-/-/-/-/-/-/-/-/9/308.3 -/-/12/420.7 -/-/1/345.0 -/-/-/-/-/-/-/-/-/-/-/-/-/-

25/824.00 -/-/-/-/8/985.00 -/-/-/-/-/-/-/54/832.04 53/1042.83

33/922.12 -/-/-/-/7/987.14 -/1/1290.00 -/-/-/-/-/106/995.80 35/933.00

25/591.60 -/-/-/-/3/703.33 -/-/-/-/-/-/-/49/594.73 42/731.19

13/801.15 -/-/-/-/16/770.00 -/-/-/-/-/-/-/54/741.30 58/884.66

43/878.02 -/-/-/1/920.00 14/877.86 -/3/1053.33 -/-/-/-/-/73/810.21 61/883.52

10/751.00 -/-/-/-/6/765.00 -/-/-/-/-/-/-/60/611.48 4/523.75

9/765.56 -/-/-/-/1/1110.00 -/-/-/-/-/-/-/23/617.39 9/977.22

29/735.52 -/-/-/-/2/1115.00 -/-/-/-/-/-/-/23/1024.35 19/1051.32

2/665.00 -/-/-/-/-/-/-/-/-/-/-/-/22/540.00 9/361.11

2/765.00 -/-/-/-/-/-/-/-/-/-/-/-/19/727.11 12/809.17

12/808.75 -/-/-/-/-/-/-/-/-/-/-/-/31/854.84 9/563.33

1/665.00 -/-/-/-/-/-/-/-/-/-/-/-/4/377.50 -/-

SCOTLAND Ayr Caithness Castle Douglas Dingwall Dumfries Forfar Huntly Kirkwall Lanark Lockerbie Newton Stewart Newtown St Boswells Stirling (caledonian) Stirling (ua) Thainstone


We Tu Mo Mo

We Fr

84 | DECEMBER 29 2017

p82 89 Dec29.indd 4

21/656.19 -/-/-/-/2/1080.00 -/-/-/-/-/-/-/83/737.84 77/892.53

27/12/2017 10:03

PLEASE NOTE: Due to Christmas publishing deadlines, store cattle averages are quoted for the period December 13-19. Figures show livestock numbers first, then average price per head.


+ month ifers

6-12 month 12-18 month 18+ month steers steers steers

No. / Av.

No. / Av.

No. / Av.

No. / Av.

80.0 /753.5

-/7/590.0 -/-/-/-/-/-/-/-/-/-/-/-/-/2/345.0 12/264.5 -/-/2/295.0 -/-/-/2/215.0 -/-/-/-/-/-/-/-/-/-/-/-/-/-/-/-/-/-/-/9/308.3 -/-/12/420.7 -/-/1/345.0 -/-/-/-/-/-/-/-/-/-/-/-/-/-

1/80.0 1/590.0 -/-/-/-/-/-/9/441.7 2/435.0 1/400.0 3/705.0 -/-/-/4/525.0 5/480.0 -/-/9/697.8 -/-/-/-/-/-/-/-/-/2/820.0 3/516.7 -/-/-/-/-/-/-/-/-/-/2/630.0 -/6/471.7 -/-/2/543.5 10/527.0 -/2/345.0 -/-/-/-/-/-/-/-/-/-/-/-/-/-

1/150.0 12/755.4 -/5/933.0 -/-/6/545.0 -/12/798.3 10/435.0 -/2/705.0 -/2/600.0 -/21/463.8 16/592.2 -/-/18/748.1 -/-/-/-/3/880.0 -/-/-/-/35/787.4 11/604.1 -/-/-/-/-/-/-/-/2/660.0 -/12/549.2 -/10/744.0 1/805.0 -/-/58/726.7 -/-/-/-/-/-/1/500.0 -/-/5/574.0 -/3/868.3 -/-/-/-


50.0 717.5 818.3 979.5 435.1 809.4 85.0


/669.7 745.8 12.9


/1049.2 587.0 673.7

/906.8 /764.6

70.0 790.0 808.3 15.0 666.9



911.4 1051.7 00.0 625.0 /768.3

47.9 40.0




854.84 563.33

1/665.00 -/-/-/-/-/-/-/-/-/-/-/-/4/377.50 -/-

5/451.00 -/-/-/-/-/-/-/-/-/-/-/-/12/615.00 1/460.00

p82 89 Dec29.indd 5

12/715.00 -/-/-/-/-/-/-/-/-/-/-/-/8/765.00 3/676.67


CALVES (7-42 DAYS) Black and Continental Continental Native white bulls bulls heifers bulls

Native heifers

No. / Av.

No. / Av.

3/43.3 25/48.5 -/101/43.5 37/53.6 -/-/12/24.8 50/35.7 6/34.7 1/52.0 -/-/-/-/7/20.4 25/52.4 21/40.6 1/47.0 -/-/-/-/3/6.7 25/50.0 -/-/-/-/16/41.9 31/55.8 -/-/-/-/-/70/41.4 -/-/-/-/-/10/77.4 9/97.2 -/4/75.3 -/76/55.9 -/26/67.6 41/42.8 5/28.2 -/-/-/-/-/5/29.6 -/-/-/-/-/-

No. / Av. -/4/195.0 -/22/264.7 4/202.5 -/-/-/8/190.6 4/333.0 -/3/220.0 -/-/-/15/259.6 9/245.9 4/327.5 -/-/-/-/-/-/12/208.8 -/-/-/-/3/201.7 23/223.8 -/-/-/-/-/23/169.9 -/-/5/236.0 -/-/9/314.6 1/270.0 -/-/-/38/268.9 -/-/10/240.9 4/321.3 -/-/-/-/-/2/147.5 -/-/-/-/2/395.0

No. / Av. -/3/171.7 -/20/179.4 -/-/-/-/14/167.1 7/222.7 -/-/-/-/-/8/130.4 6/223.2 2/278.5 -/-/-/-/-/-/6/161.7 -/-/-/-/2/147.5 28/171.5 -/-/-/-/-/17/121.1 -/-/-/-/-/11/269.1 1/172.0 -/-/-/30/201.9 -/5/213.6 11/241.3 3/225.0 -/-/-/-/-/3/171.0 -/-/-/-/2/355.0

No. / Av. 5/201.0 27/180.3 -/112/218.4 13/237.3 -/5/112.0 5/228.0 44/157.3 24/268.5 1/368.0 3/308.3 -/-/-/20/250.2 70/189.1 25/264.4 6/155.7 -/-/1/300.0 -/1/185.0 60/235.9 -/-/-/-/5/189.0 38/230.7 -/-/-/-/-/81/172.6 -/-/5/93.0 -/-/5/161.8 16/288.8 -/-/-/125/217.9 -/36/189.0 16/186.6 15/278.3 -/-/-/-/1/300.0 16/188.9 -/-/-/-/-/-

10/147.7 35/142.1 -/76/158.4 6/228.3 -/1/155.0 3/80.0 29/143.0 18/178.0 1/295.0 3/340.0 -/-/-/13/157.9 68/145.5 14/268.2 3/108.0 -/-/1/320.0 -/2/192.5 40/177.4 -/-/-/-/2/157.5 54/174.1 -/-/-/-/-/56/107.8 -/-/-/-/-/4/120.0 4/211.3 -/1/165.0 -/100/178.9 -/23/146.2 26/140.3 10/219.0 -/-/-/-/-/6/78.8 -/-/-/2/155.0 -/-

Source: IAAS/ScotEID 808.75


7/15.14 -/-/-/-/-/-/-/12/24.17 -/-/-/-/-/2/50.00

2/240.00 -/-/-/-/-/-/-/-/-/-/-/-/-/-/-

1/340.00 -/-/-/-/-/-/-/-/-/-/-/-/-/-/-

1/80.00 -/-/-/-/-/-/-/-/-/-/-/-/-/1/150.00

1/310.00 -/-/-/-/-/-/-/-/-/-/-/-/-/-/-

Market day(s) w/e December 19

Bryncir Cardigan Carmarthen Dolgellau Gaerwen Haverfordwest Knighton Mold Monmouthshire Newcastle Emlyn Ruthin Welshpool Whitland

6-12 month steers

Mo We\Th Fr Tu Tu Fr Fr We Th Mo Sa\Tu

12-18 month steers

18+ month steers

6-12 month heifers

12-18 month heifers

18+ month heifers

No. / Av.

No. / Av.

No. / Av.

No. / Av.

No. / Av.

No. / Av.

-/-/5/736.0 19/685.0 -/-/-/4/512.5 11/773.6 -/1/1100.0 -/16/734.7

-/-/21/826.4 5/809.8 -/-/16/888.4 1/760.0 9/878.3 -/1/1105.0 20/981.5 2/592.5

-/-/7/799.3 6/946.0 1/950.0 -/32/954.4 4/855.0 36/1069.0 -/2/1010.0 12/1077.9 5/906.0

-/-/2/585.0 18/598.4 -/-/4/855.0 4/520.0 12/596.7 -/1/1330.0 2/840.0 19/612.6

-/-/4/701.3 9/796.9 -/-/22/913.2 5/568.0 14/795.4 -/1/895.0 22/877.0 8/653.8

-/-/15/819.3 4/981.8 2/760.0 -/9/1056.1 1/700.0 26/835.4 -/4/1023.8 14/994.3 3/935.0

STORES (NATIVE-SIRED) 6-12 month steers

Bryncir Cardigan Carmarthen Dolgellau Gaerwen Haverfordwest Knighton Mold Monmouthshire Newcastle Emlyn Ruthin Welshpool Whitland

12-18 month steers

18+ month steers

6-12 month heifers

12-18 month heifers

No. / Av.

No. / Av.

No. / Av.

No. / Av.

No. / Av.

No. / Av.

-/-/1/585.0 2/602.0 -/3/585.0 -/1/270.0 13/636.9 -/-/-/10/464.5

-/-/15/598.7 -/-/-/1/1030.0 2/740.0 6/636.7 -/-/8/861.9 20/708.0

-/-/29/803.3 3/965.0 1/600.0 3/595.0 2/835.0 6/828.3 10/1059.0 -/2/940.0 2/135.0 12/927.5

-/-/1/190.0 -/-/-/-/8/343.1 -/-/-/-/20/331.8

-/-/6/423.3 7/662.9 -/9/630.0 3/1080.0 8/655.6 4/520.0 -/-/-/17/577.6

-/-/14/641.8 4/872.0 6/845.0 1/650.0 -/7/756.4 13/728.8 -/-/1/965.0 14/678.9


Bryncir Cardigan Carmarthen Dolgellau Gaerwen Haverfordwest Knighton Mold Monmouthshire Newcastle Emlyn Ruthin Welshpool Whitland

18+ month heifers


6-12 month 12-18 month 18+ month steers steers steers

Black and Continental Continental Native white bulls bulls heifers bulls

No. / Av.

No. / Av.

No. / Av.

No. / Av.

No. / Av.

No. / Av.

No. / Av. No. / Av.

-/-/-/-/-/-/-/3/175.0 -/-/-/-/-/-

-/-/-/-/-/1/380.0 -/4/513.8 -/-/-/-/2/525.0

-/-/-/-/4/755.0 -/-/14/687.9 2/590.0 -/-/-/-/-

-/37/58.4 204/54.6 -/-/7/39.0 -/13/22.3 15/82.5 -/-/-/3/42.3

-/9/187.6 39/158.8 -/-/2/147.5 -/3/252.7 1/290.0 -/-/-/-/-

-/6/201.2 41/139.4 -/-/-/-/6/247.5 1/230.0 -/-/-/-/-

-/34/142.3 135/158.9 -/-/6/177.5 -/9/233.0 12/253.1 -/-/-/6/144.0


Native heifers

-/22/106.8 128/111.8 -/-/4/127.3 -/8/212.3 16/233.8 -/5/163.0 -/-/-


Primestock throughput, price and price change (p/kg). Week ending December 20, 2017.






Young bulls Steers Heifers All cattle NS/OS lambs (SQQ) Porkers Cutters Baconers Other pigs Dairy cull Beef cull

938 570 1,112 2,620 88,511 384 348 245 38 1,056 787

190.85 193.87 203.68 196.95 177.64 106.50 114.96 112.80 87.34 95.37 121.14

0.85 -6.83 -6.64 -4.27 0.27 -12.13 -2.02 5.87 -2.13 1.99 3.20

PERFORMANCE IN 2017 HIGH demand and the currency exchange gave lamb prices a boost throughout June and July this year, with prices well above 2016. At the time of going to press (December 22), new season lamb prices were trading at 177.45p/kg. In the beef rings, heifer prices were consistently above 2016 this year. Steer prices were also running ahead of last year’s levels,





with prices spiking at the start of

Young bulls Steers Heifers All cattle NS/OS lambs (SQQ) Pigs Dairy cull Beef cull

955 673 1,359 2,987 102,329 1,015 1,226 1,260

190.67 196.66 204.51 198.32 177.45 110.20 94.84 120.98

0.72 -7.24 -6.48 -4.52 0.49 -2.75 1.95 0.68

December due to seasonal demand.


Pig prices were also ahead of last year for much of 2017. Wheat prices have mainly followed the currency markets this year. As Farmers Guardian went to print, UK LIFFE wheat prices for May 2018 were trading at £141.85/tonne.

DECEMBER 29 2017 | 85

27/12/2017 10:03


PLEASE NOTE: Due to Christmas publishing deadlines, store sheep averages are quoted for the period December 7-13.

DEADWEIGHT CATTLE Deadweight prices for the week ending December 16, 2017 (latest data).

STORE LAMBS w/e December 13

Ashford Bakewell Barnard Castle Bentham Blackmoor Gate Bridgnorth Brockholes Broughton In Furness Carlisle Cirencester Clitheroe Cockermouth Colchester Cutcombe Wheddon Cross Darlington Derby Exeter Frome Gisburn Hailsham Hallworthy Hatherleigh Hawes Hereford Hexham Holmfirth Holsworthy Hull Kendal Kington Kirkby Stephen Lancaster Lazonby Leek Leyburn

Source: AHDB/LAA


Fr\Tu Th\Fr Tu Fr

Mo Th Tu Fr

Mo Fr We Sa We Th Mo We Fr Tu We Th Tu



2803 2097 417 68 -

58.6 50.8 41.8 34.1 -

604 148 66 334 -

52.7 55.6 46.5 39.8 -

521 1773 115 217 499 233 4 506 2944 94 55 1237 75 -

61.5 61.3 54.9 45.6 51.3 48.1 38.9 56.2 61.0 38.7 47.6 47.8 53.4 -

Source: AHDB/LAA


Brecon Bryncir Cardigan Carmarthen Dolgellau Gaerwen Knighton Llandeilo Llanybydder Monmouthshire Newcastle Emlyn Ruthin St Asaph Talybont-On-Usk Welshpool Whitland

PIGS Prices in p/kg. Leek Selby Thirsk York

Fr Mo Fr

We\Mo Th




1206 115 442 156 560 1414 -

29.2 44.9 54.1 49.6 42.9 51.5 -



2265 12 5

51.5 56.6 44.6




266 133 31 116 466 81 2198 139 2451 59 72 268 73 20 303 -

35.4 62.3 50.5 48.5 58.1 58.9 56.9 39.8 53.3 51.8 43.6 58.3 50.5 64.3 58.9 -

Tu Th

Sa\Tu We We Fr

Mo Tu Sa Tu We Tu We\Fr Sa We Tu


STORE LAMBS Ayr Caithness Castle Douglas Dingwall Dumfries Forfar Huntly Kirkwall Lanark Lockerbie Newton Stewart Newtown St Boswells Stirling (caledonian) Stirling (ua) Thainstone

Source: IAAS/ScotEID





896 40 479 -

42.5 41.4 40.5 -

22 8488 1896

41.5 50.3 48.0



Mo We Fr

Market day w/e: Dec 20

Pigs total

Porkers average

Cutters average

Baconers average

Th\Tu We Th Mo

57 413 47 355

117.64 96.02 104.52 114.17

134.49 107.52 97.25 122.26

127.78 103.07 135.60 130.35

Week ending December 16, 2017 (latest data).

Figures drawn from eight GB pig producer marketing groups. Prices quoted in £/head.

30kg Weighted Average 7kg Weighted Average

Dec 9 56.41 40.50

Dec 16 51.61 40.62

Source: AHDB

86 | DECEMBER 29 2017

Cull sows total 3 18 47 10

Cull sows average 41.33 37.00 37.53 34.80

SLAUGHTERINGS Estimates for Great Britain (per thousand head), week ending December 16, 2017 (latest data). %change (2016) 2017 Pigs* 183.15 -0.90 Sheep 254.60 -19.59 Steers 15.54 -7.06 Heifers 10.90 -15.83 Young bulls 2.78 -2.33 *week ending December 9, 2017.


-U R O+ -O Average Number

Northern 3 4L

Central 3

377.4 370.5 361.0 330.4 362.3 4489

375.6 371.7 355.2 321.6 356.3 3244

377.1 378.9 367.8 329.3

4L 374.3 372.8 358.3 325.3

Southern 3 4L

Scotland 3 4L

375.7 366.9 356.0 326.2 354.2 2777

385.5 382.0 367.8 333.8 377.6 3895

373.1 367.7 356.6 327.3

383.7 381.4 368.6 336.5


-U R O+ -O Average Number

Northern 3 4L

Central 3

380.5 369.9 355.9 311.3 364.1 2399

381.6 373.1 348.6 305.0 357.7 2179

383.7 374.2 363.6 336.0


Central 3

-U R O+ -O Average Number

359.7 356.8 341.7 306.9 332.5 508

357.0 352.7 326.2 299.9 334.9 426

366.0 351.1 320.7 294.0

4L 381.0 376.3 357.9 326.6

4L 368.0 346.7 325.7 314.3

Southern 3 4L

Scotland 3 4L

377.9 367.9 353.3 316.0 352.8 1614

388.3 380.3 372.5 295.8 379.1 2700

378.2 368.8 354.9 329.3

390.0 380.9 373.3 319.8

Southern 3 4L

Scotland 3 4L

368.3 355.5 339.1 315.5 329.4 169

373.9 365.7 345.4 311.6 346.1 435

352.0 329.7

369.2 370.0 359.0

DEADWEIGHT SHEEP N/S deadweight prices for the week ending December 16, 2017 (latest data). SQQ E U R O P

2 422.4 415.5 404.4 379.8 277.9

Medium E U R O P

2 422.3 415.8 408.2 396.2 292.5

(375) (1203) (4308) (1825) (55)

3L 422.4 416.1 403.2 386.2 281.4

(1339) (6153) (18858) (5019) (37)

3H 405.4 404.3 398.1 383.3 290.0

(358) (1080) (3110) (735) (10)

3L 422.6 416.1 404.7 394.9 290.4

3H (1322) 405.4 (5936) 404.4 (16327) 400.7 (3078) 394.1 (13)

(632) (4043) (11304) (2339) (1)

4L 384.7 381.2 381.8 379.9

Source: AHDB

(111) (725) (2592) (283)

4H 359.5 363.7 359.5 363.2

(12) (96) (389) (41)

Average: 399.5 (62,181)

Source: AHDB/LAA


p82 89 Dec29.indd 6

Liskeard Longtown Louth Ludlow Malton Market Drayton Market Harborough Melton Mowbray MiddletonIn-Teesdale Newark Newton Abbot Northallerton Oswestry Otley Penrith Ross-On-Wye Rugby Ruswarp Salisbury Sedgemoor Selby Shrewsbury Skipton South Molton Stratford Tavistock Thame Thirsk Thrapston Truro Ulverston Wigton Winslow Worcester York





Source: AHDB

Source: AHDB

4L (622) 384.9 (3971) 381.4 (10041) 382.7 (1486) 385.0

(110) (721) (2454) (216)

4H 359.5 363.7 359.7 364.7

(12) (95) (372) (35)

Average: 403.09 (52,362) Deadweight sheep prices are collected from a sample of GB abattoirs. The sample accounts for about a third of deadweight sales; prices quoted p/kg are averages for all qualities 12-21.5kg.

DEADWEIGHT PIGS Latest deadweight prices.

Source: AHDB

STANDARD PIG PRICE (SPP) Great Britain (89,746 pigs, av. weight 82.25) Dec 10-16 compared to Dec 3-9.

ALL PIG PRICE (APP) Great Britain (89,173 pigs, av. weight 82.04) Dec 3-9 compared to Nov 26 - Dec 2.

EU spec up to 59.9kg 60.0 - 69.9kg 70.0 - 79.9kg 80.0 - 89.9kg 90.0 - 99.9kg over 100kg

Price Change 133.34 2.59 150.25 -0.08 151.81 -0.53 151.66 -0.49 150.93 -0.41 125.44 2.09

EU spec up to 59.9kg 60.0 - 69.9kg 70.0 - 79.9kg 80.0 - 89.9kg 90.0 - 99.9kg over 100kg

151.00 148.28

APP (EU Spec) APP (UK Spec)

SPP (EU Spec) SPP (UK Spec)

Number 535 5,615 28,090 39,856 14,292 1,358


-0.42 -0.41

Prices in euros. Averages for week ending December 10, 2017 (latest data) N. Ireland: Steers R3 euro/kg/dw 4.10 (0.91) Ireland: Steers R3 euro/kg/dw 0.00 (0.00) France: (ex Rungis) lamb: R 16-22kg euro/kg/ dw; imported 5.00 domestic 6.80 Source: AHDB

Number 967 6,248 27,283 39,092 14,268 1,315

Price Change 145.10 -0.50 155.86 -0.33 156.14 -0.50 155.48 -0.58 154.29 -0.65 128.15 -1.21 155.00 152.22

-0.39 -0.39


Week ending December 22, 2017. ■ CARLISLE: Hay, round bales to £72/tonne; straw, wheat, round bales to £105/t, mini Hesstons to £120/t; straw, oat, round bales to £31/bale. ■ BEESTON: Straw, barley, quads to £128/t; straw, wheat, quads to £121/t. ■ GOOSTREY: Haylage to £85/t; silage to £50/t; hay, small bales to £165/t, round bales to £128/t; straw, barley to £131/t; straw, oat to £128/t; stock feed potatoes to £11/t.

27/12/2017 10:04




p/kg liveweight

190 180

340 330



p/kg liveweight












2017 2016





2017 2016
















360 350 340 330 320




p/kg liveweight

190 170









2017 2016





2017 2016




















Jan 220





460 428 396




WINin12 MONTHS OF SEAMLESS FARMING a British-built dual clutch 175hp New Holland T6



















SPP (2016) APP (2016)

SPP (2017) APP (2017)

110 Sep









130 120

Dairy-sired (2016) Beef-sired (2016)

Dairy-sired (2017) Beef-sired (2017)











p/kg dw (EU spec)


























p/kg liveweight





p/kg liveweight




p/kg liveweight



2017 2016

200 p/kg liveweight

PLEASE NOTE: Due to Christmas publishing deadlines, only the pig price indicator graph will be updated this week.


this latest model

Dual clutch benefits | 4 cylinders | Low fuel consumption | Seamless operation | Multifunction joystick

To enter visit

p82 89 Dec29.indd 7

DECEMBER 29 2017 | 87

27/12/2017 10:04


UK DELIVERED PRICES – SUMMARY Thursday, December 14, 2017 – latest data (£ per tonne) Delivery East Anglia / London (BW)


North-West grains/ Liverpool OSR

Avonmouth feed /South bread


Central Scotland

Dec-2017 Jan-2018 Feb-2018 May-2018 Dec-2017 Jan-2018 Feb-2018 May-2018 Dec-2017 Jan-2018 Feb-2018 May-2018 Dec-2017 Jan-2018 Feb-2018 May-2018 Dec-2017 Jan-2018 Feb-2018 May-2018 Dec-2017 Jan-2018

Source: AHDB

Bread Wheat Price Change 158.00 unch 159.00 n/c 162.00 n/c 168.00 n/c 169.00 n/c 171.50 n/c 160.00 n/c 160.00 n/c 161.00 n/c 164.00 n/c -

Feed Wheat Price Change 139.00 -0.50 140.50 unch 141.50 unch 144.50 +0.50 150.50 n/c 138.00 unch 138.50 -0.50 139.50 -0.50 142.50 -0.50 149.50 +1.00 149.50 unch 150.50 n/c 153.50 n/c 152.00 unch -

Feed Barley Price Change 137.00 -0.50 -

Oilseed Rape Price 312.00 315.00 314.00 317.00 310.00 313.00 -

Change -2.00 n/c -2.00 n/c -2.00 n/c -

Monday, December 18, 2017 (latest data) English £/hectare (2018 trading) VAT Sales

Leasing/Naked Acre letting

Non-SDA SDA Moorland

£145 £175 £50-£55 ◆

Welsh (2017 season average) VAT Sales


Leasing/Naked Acre letting

0.75-1.5 ✸

50 per cent of 2017 payment

Scottish regions 1, 2 and 3 (2017 season average) VAT Sales Leasing/Naked Acre letting 1.25 ✸


Northern Irish (2017 season average) VAT Sales

Leasing/Naked Acre letting

1.2-1.5 ✸ ■

UK DELIVERED RAPESEED PRICES Thursday, December 14, 2017 – latest data (£ per tonne) Oilseed Rape East Anglia / London Erith Liverpool Hull / Selby

Source: AHDB

Feb-2018 312.00 314.00 314.00 310.00

May-2018 315.00 317.00 317.00 313.00

Hvst-2018 303.00 305.00 305.00 301.00

Nov-2018 311.50 313.50 313.50 309.50

FUTURES MARKETS (WHEAT) Friday, December 15, 2017 – latest data (£ per tonne) LIFFE

Price £/tonne

Change on last £/tonne

Jan-18 Mar-18 May-18 Jul-18 Nov-18 Jan-19 Mar-19

138.45 140.90 142.00 143.90 141.25 143.00 145.05

+0.45 +0.20 -0.10 +0.05 +0.15 +0.20 +0.20


price €/tonne

Change on last €/tonne


Mar-18 May-18 Sep-18 Dec-18 Mar-19 May-19 Sep-19

160.50 164.25 167.50 170.25 173.50 175.50 177.75

-1.00 -0.50 -0.75 -1.00 -1.25 -1.50 -0.75

-0.88 -0.44 -0.66 -0.88 -1.10 -1.32 -0.66

CORN RETURNS EX-FARM PRICES Thursday, December 14, 2017 (latest data) (£ per tonne) South East South West Midlands Eastern North East North West England & Wales South Scotland Central Scotland North Scotland Scotland Great Britain Northern Ireland United Kingdom Change on last week (£/t)


Feed & Other

BARLEY Malting Premium


Feed & Other

149.40 149.50 150.60 150.60 150.60 -1.10

139.30 139.70 139.70 139.70 -2.90

139.80 135.40 143.60 138.20 142.60 138.40 138.40 -0.10

153.80 153.80 153.80 -4.40

158.00 158.00 158.00 +1.10

126.70 125.70 125.20 129.60 125.80 129.90 130.90 126.30 126.30 +0.80

Save on farming products Visit

To subscribe call 01635 879 320 and quote HAFG17B 88 | DECEMBER 29 2017

p82 89 Dec29.indd 8

Week ending December 18, 2017 (latest data) (prices in p/kg). Latest data.

OATS Milling




FIELD PEAS/BEANS December 20, 2017 (latest data) All prices £/tonne ex-farm Micronizing Feed peas peas

Feed beans

Dec Jan Feb

141.67 143.67 144.67

177.92 178.92 179.92

133.17 135.17 136.17

English entitlements are Flat Rate. Welsh, Scottish and Northern Irish entitlements have different historic values moving towards a Flat Rate. All transfers without land are subject to VAT if the transferor is VAT registered. Non-VAT sales often attract an additional 10-20 per cent premium. PREDICTED ENGLISH 2018 PAYMENT/HA Non-SDA = £224; SDA = £222; Moorland = £62 Subject to FDM and payment adjustments. Based on today’s exchange rate (€1=£0.88). ✸ Average multiplier (or range) over 2017 season ■ Multipliers shown are based on the value of BPS payment excluding the greening element ◆ Predicted Source: Townsend Chartered Surveyors


Source: AHDB

WHEAT Milling Bread

50 per cent of 2017 payment

This week Last week

BEEF Topside Sirloin Rump Steak Fillet Steak Diced Stewing Steak Braising Steak Premium Mince Standard Mince

1023 2206 1560 3690 946 1018 786 533

1023 2215 1514 3653 946 987 786 533

LAMB Whole Leg Fillet End Leg Shoulder (Bone-in) Shoulder (Boneless) Lamb Steaks Loin Chops Double Loin Chops Cutlet Chops Diced Lamb Minced Lamb

965 1035 779 1098 1568 1504 1542 1434 1263 972

1003 1035 758 1098 1568 1472 1541 1437 1263 972

655 731 530 942 738 688 636 579 563

637 728 515 942 738 688 636 579 563

PORK Leg (Boneless) Fillet End Leg Shoulder (Boneless) Fillet of Pork Loin Steaks Loin Chops Diced Pork Minced Pork Sausages Pork (traditional)

Source: AHDB

27/12/2017 10:04


Last updated December 22, 2017.

PLEASE NOTE: Due to Christmas publishing deadlines, dairy cattle prices are quoted for the period December 13-19.






Thursday, December 14, 2017 (latest data)

Last updated December 22, 2017.

DEC JAN FEB MAY NOV 138.00 138.50 139.50 142.50 143.00 152.00 - - - 139.00 140.50 141.50 144.50 142.50 139.00 140.00 141.00 - - 150.50 - - - - - - 149.50 149.50 150.50 153.50 148.00 - - - - 140.00 141.00 144.00 - - - - - - - - - - 152.00 - - - - - - - - - - -

1. FEED WHEAT Avonrange Central Scotland East Anglia East Devon Lancashire London North Humberside Northamptonshire Oxfordshire South Humberside Southampton Tyne & Wear West Midlands East Midlands 2. FULL SPEC. BREAD WHEAT North-West Northamptonshire South London / Essex Yorkshire

DEC JAN FEB MAY NOV 168.00 169.00 171.50 - - 158.00 159.00 162.00 160.00 160.00 161.00 164.00 - - - - - - - - -

3. FULL SPEC. BISCUIT WHEAT North-West Northamptonshire South London / Essex Yorkshire Scotland

DEC JAN FEB MAY NOV - - - - - 155.00 156.00 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

NOTES: 1. Feed Wheat. Any variety meeting <15% H2O, 72kg/hl, 2% Admix 2. Full Specification Bread Wheat, nabim group 1 variety, meeting >250 Hag, 13% Protein, 76kg/hl. 3. Full Specification Biscuit Wheat, nabim group 3 variety, meeting >180 Hagberg, >10.7% Protein, >74kg/hl.  Source: AHDB

POTATO PRICES Maincrop GB spot price. Week ending December 15, 2017 (latest data)

Source: AHDB

PACKING England Desiree King Edward Mozart Maris Piper Whites

Low 90 95 - 135 -

Main High Trend 130 150 140 185 Z 100 130 X 185 230 Z 50-95 100 X

Scotland Maris Piper Charlotte King Edward Whites

Low - - - -

Main High Trend 150-180 - X - - 120 - 50-70 - Z

General Ware/Frying Agria (frying) Maris Piper (frying) Sagitta (frying) Wilja (ware)

Low 85 50 85 -

Main 120 85 110 -

High 130 105 120 -

Trend Y Z Y -

WEEKLY AVERAGES GB weekly average price GB weekly free-buy price

Dec 1 135.68 86.57

Dec 8 138.30 95.74

Dec 15 141.45 95.79

Trend Y Y


HAY AND STRAW: REGIONS Week ending December 24, 2017 (latest data) Big bale hay Quality North East E Yorks N Mids E Mids C Mids E Counties S East South S West S Wales SE Scotland

Comment: Sellers prices affecting the market and trade is slow. Pickup baled hay and straw Big sq. baled straw Seed Meadow Barley Wheat Barley Wheat hay hay straw straw straw straw

Good Good Good Good Good Good Good 60 100 80 90 85 90 75 65 - - 75 70 82 68 85 85 - 85 75 70 100 70 - - - - 85 80 75 120 90 85 80 90 80 70 120 90 - 80 80 75 65 120 100 70 60 70 65 63 - - - - 85 75 62 100 - - - 95 85 80 100 80 105 95 90 85 55 - - - - 78 78 Source: British Hay and Straw Merchants’ Association

p82 89 Dec29.indd 9

Commodity Hi Pro Soya – Liverpool Hi Pro Soya – Southern Ports Soya Hulls Maize distillers Maize gluten Non-GM Sugar beet pellets Whole maize Palm kernel expellers Rapeseed meal basis Erith Kent Rapeseed meal basis Hull Wheat distillers pellets/meal Organic Organic maize Organic wheat (milling quality) Organic peas Organic soya expellers


Source: Straights Direct Jan 291.00 291.00 162.00 193.00 164.00

Feb/Apr May-Sept 291.00 290.00 291.00 295.00 162.00 146 n X 189.00 193.00 164.00 162.00

169 X 163.00 139.00 P.O.A. 176.00 194.00

169.00 174.00 165.00 172.00 139.00 134.00 176.00 179 l 177.00 180 l 194.00 182.00

310.00 320.00 Not quoted 545.00

310.00 320.00 - 545 g


Key: All prices in pounds sterling. Currency, £/$1.3376, £/€1.1265. Guide prices indicated include delivery charge of £6/tonne. X = After safe arrival; F = First half; S = Second half; n = May; l = to July.


Source: AHDB

Companies Monthly price Annual average Arla Foods - Sainsbury’s 28.02 27.83 Muller Milk & Ingredients Co-op Dairy Group 28.63 28.35 Muller Milk & Ingredients M&S 30.67 30.39 Muller Milk & Ingredients Sainsbury’s 28.43 28.15 Muller Milk & Ingredients TSDG (Tesco) 29.52 29.44 First Milk - Midlands & East Wales 28.64 28.57 First Milk - Scottish Mainland 28.33 28.26 Muller Milk & Ingredients Non-Aligned 30.22 29.95 1 30.73 29.80 UK Arla Farmers Liquid 32.01 29.40 Barber A.J & R.G 29.15 28.66 First Milk - Haverfordwest 2 30.57 29.76 Glanbia - Llangefni Lactalis - Caledonian Cheese 28.86 28.34 South Caernarfon Creameries 32.37 29.82 30.72 29.79 UK Arla Farmers Manufacturing 1 30.04 29.52 Wyke Farms These contracts will receive a 13th payment, the forecast for this is about 0.81ppl for liquid and 0.84ppl for manufacturing from October 1, 2017. 2 This contract will receive a Tesco supplement of 1.7ppl for October 2017. 1

Please note retailer price supplements are included where applicable.

UK MONTHLY MILK PRODUCTION October UK milk deliveries were up 4.2 per cent on the same month last year, to 1,115 million litres. Cumulatively, this was 2.5 per cent more for 2017 than the same period in 2016, totalling 8,461m litres. GB deliveries in September stood at 989m litres, 3.7 per cent more than the same month in 2016.


Last updated December 19, 2017. Source: AHDB/LAA/IAAS



Newly-calved Newly-calved heifers cows

Newly-calved Newly-calved heifers cows

No. / Av.

No. / Av.

No. / Av.

Beeston Castle Fr 19/1175.3 82/869.3 Bentham We 15/1531.3 13/1405.4 Carlisle We 41/1235.4 153/1101.3 Cirencester -/- -/- Cockermouth Fr 3/1363.3 1/1300.0 Exeter Fr 9/1367.8 12/1331.7 Gisburn Th\Sa 21/1601.4 9/1462.2 Holsworthy We 31/1488.0 84/1284.1 Leek Sa\Tu 54/1487.6 22/1529.5 Market Drayton -/- -/- Mold Fr 7/1081.4 5/918.0 Norton And Brooksbank -/- -/- Sedgemoor Sa 58/1390.3 23/1091.7 Shrewsbury Tu 27/1643.0 15/1159.3 Skipton Mo 6/1648.3 1/1100.0 Ayr Tu 10/1216.00 7/1152.90 Lanark -/- -/- Stirling (ua) -/- -/-

2/1275.0 -/- -/- -/- -/- 1/1620.0 -/- -/- 6/1141.7 -/- 1/1050.0 -/- 1/950.0 -/- -/- 1/1450.00 -/- -/-

No. / Av. 1/1410.0 -/-/-/-/1/600.0 -/-/5/1542.0 -/3/833.3 -/1/980.0 -/-/3/1306.70 -/-/-

DECEMBER 29 2017 | 89

27/12/2017 10:04


Edited by Danusia Osiowy 01772 799 413

Ag in my Land is an online series at which celebrates farming globally, on-farm around the world. Here we talk to 32-year-old Marina Boller, who is farming

pro wit

‘You must be prepared for a happen at the worst possib


Where do you farm?

ur farm, Hof Habsburg, is in the north of Switzerland, right between Basel and Zurich. The whole town sits beneath an old castle originally from the Habsburg Dynasty, a site of national significance when it became the originating family seat of the House of Habsburg, one of the leading royal dynasties in Europe. The village only has 430 habitants so it’s a very small community and its very familiar. We have such a fantastic view from this little hill and we’re surrounded by the forest, making it feel somewhat cosy.

How involved are you with your rural community?

We are very involved and have a lot of people from the town that buy our produce directly. Buying local is what we try to promote as much as we can. We communicate a lot with those who live close by and we always have families with kids coming to the barn. It’s our way of creating transparency as we want everybody to see what we do and how we do it. How do you educate people about what you do?

Even if it’s just explaining what we are doing right now, or why the cows are making a noise, people get to know us and the way we are with our animals. We began to attract more and more families with their children and started to sell meat directly.

Buying local is what we try to promote as much as we can MARINA BOLLER

I think people enjoy our honesty, the patience we have to explain general farming things and how we tell little stories about the cows and our daily life. Why did you get in to farming?

It was actually my partner Gerry’s dream since he was small. He grew up in an even smaller town where most of them were farming so he’d helped from a very young age. After school, he gained a farming apprenticeship, but as he had no farm to inherit, it was virtually impossible.

When we met in 2014 he told me about his childhood dreams and from those conversations we signed up with a company that finds farms for those who don’t have one or don’t have any descendants. What do you farm and on what scale?

Our farm is rented and has about 24 hectares (60 acres) of farmland where we also grow grass, corn, bread-wheat and barley. We have 22 Red Holstein dairy cows, six Red Holstein heifers and one Jersey heifer. The herd consists of 22 Red Holstein dairy cows, six Red Holstein dairy cows and one Jersey heifer.

We try our hardest to establish a very healthy herd so we can continue breeding with the best of the best. Why did you choose Red Holsteins?

When we took over the farm from the previous owner we took over all the inventory including the animals so the Red Holsteins were already here. All of our animals are our own but we sometimes purchase calves from a neighbour to fatten up. This means we also have a small herd of 12 Angus and Limousin cross breeds which we will use for beef and calf to fatten. We try to fatten up the calves within 160 days because in Switzerland, by law they have to be slaughtered before 160 days old otherwise they count as beef and are worth less. The calves normally weigh between 120160kg slaughter weight but over Christmas, calves are worth much more than the rest of the year due to the consumption over the holidays. How self-sufficent are you?

The beef stays with us for a year. We fatten them up to about 180-230kg slaughter weight. The market for beef is pretty much always the same. We 90 | DECEMBER 29 2017

p90 91 Dec29.indd 2

27/12/2017 09:54

ally, ing

MOVING UP Marina Boller

providing an insight in to what life is like with her partner in Switzerland.

or anything to sible moment’ Habsburg actually has its own advent calendar. You can sign up to be one of the numbers, from 1-24 and if you do so, you then prepare a window dedicated to Christmas. This can be all sorts of things such as angels or just a display with trees and animals – whatever you fancy that lifts the Christmas spirit. Every day, another window opens where you can go and visit. You normally get something to drink and you can simply socialise with the whole town. I think that is such a nice tradition to have. Over Christmas lunch there will be some time to come together with our family though. What does a typical working day consist of?

produce our own food for the cows – silage, hay and corn. Another production is breadwheat and barley and we make straw from these too. They have soya and rape mixture for a protein source and while milking the ones that milk a lot get another portion of energy food. The others get grass pellets during the milking time, so they enjoy coming into the milking parlour from the beginning. How does the climate affect your farm management?

We generally have four main seasons but because we live on the flat part of Switzerland, our summers are so dry. It’s this that affects us the most, especially in terms of grass-silage production and hay. We must calculate enough fields with grass, to ensure plenty of food for the cattle in winter. At the moment we have had some snow, and will have more. Since we are a bit further away from the alps we don’t get as much. But still, there is a lovely white landscape. Often rain washes the snow away quite quickly. Tell us about Christmas traditions in your town?

p90 91 Dec29.indd 3

Gerry and I split the work. I milk the cows every morning and evening (always around 5.30am/pm) and I am responsible for the overall wellbeing of the animals. We can deliver 130,000kg a year to the dairy we supply so I make sure the calves have all the milk they need and the heifers are happy on the pasture or in the barn. In the summer, there is much more work on the fields where I do help as much as I can. Helping with the hay or fencing for the heifers. My partner is responsible for the crops out in the fields, and making hay and silage. He also makes the TMR for the cows and helps me with the care-taking of the cattle. In the winter, he can help me more in the barn since the fields don’t need as much attention.

find milking extremely relaxing and if you are close to the animals you can detect if there are any health issues very early on. I do observe them often during the day. I love the fact all our cows are a part of our family and we treat them accordingly.

If you haven’t turned 35 and have had an agricultural education you can get support money from the state. This is interest-free and needs to be paid back in 10 years. The amount you can get varies due to the size of your farm.

Who do you turn to when you need business advice?

What is the biggest lesson you have learned as a new entrant?

Our neighbour is a big help. He took over the farm from his dad and has a lot of experience. Our vet is a huge help as well. We have met a lot of people in the surrounding area that are very helpful to us. We are registered at the Swiss-Herdbook and they of course help with herd management to if this is needed.

That you must be prepared for anything to happen at the worst possible moment – mostly Sundays. We did learn to listen to our instincts. It doesn’t matter if this is about cows or fields. Nature can play funny tricks, so trust your gut and become part of nature.

What financial support do you receive as a new entrant?

AG IN MY LAND To read more from our series Ag in my Land, visit

What is your biggest obstacle?

To find a balance between producing milk and earning little money from it. This is probably the biggest obstacle at the current moment as the prices are very low and the production costs a lot. We are constantly trying to find the best solution. For example, we earn more money feeding milk to the calves to produce meat instead of delivering it to the dairy companies. We choose to deliver less than we are supposed to, and fatten up calves for veal. It’s proved more way more lucrative. What do you love most about your job?

I love working with my cows. I even

The Red Holsteins were already present when Marina and Gerry took on the farm. DECEMBER 29 2017 | 91

27/12/2017 09:54


Edited by Danusia Osiowy 01772 799 413

In this special feature, Canadian shepherd Andy Tschetter, of Peace River region, British Colu

Making sheep work in sn T here is a glacial -18degC grip on the winter air here in the north east corner of British Columbia, Canada. Known as the Peace River region, the hilly aspen-dotted terrain hovers under a chilly embrace of early morning fog. Among the societies throughout the world, there are the shepherds and herdspersons, a distinct group who are the world’s frequency holders. As for me, I am Andy Tschetter, a Canadian shepherd to more than 500 sheep. My subjects are a commercial mixture of Suffolks, Dorset, Rambouillet, and North Country Cheviot ewes, as well as Southdowns, a recent venture. All are put to pure-bred rams of the same breed.

Oppressive This mid-November day is shipping day and this shepherd is up early at 3am to load 100 grain finished lambs on to the waiting cattle liner outside the barn. With the help of my brothers, Eli, a plumber, and Mark, a grader operator, we corral the animals. The lambs, which are not used to being disturbed at this hour, keep near to one another and stick close in the oppressive cold of the early morning, which is no good for man nor beast. The animals run down the chute, up the loading ramp and in to the trailer, panting and heaving, and their body heat is quickly ravaged by the cold air. Soon the animals are on the road, and driver Justin begins the 700km trek to Innisfail, Alberta, home to Sungold Specialty Meats, western Canada’s largest processor of feder-

The animals run, panting and heavy, and their body heat is quickly ravaged by the cold air ANDY TSCHETTER 92 | DECEMBER 29 2017

P92 93 Dec29 GG BB.indd 2

ally inspected goat and lamb. The plant butchers thousands of lambs every week and presents lovely meat products, such as lamb burgers and sausages among others, all under the banner of Lamb Tonight. Sungold lamb can be found in grocery stores across the Canadian west.

Coffee is on in the cabin adjacent to the barn. The fire in the woodstove crackles as the shepherd, the plumber and the grader operator warm up. Dawn is breaking and the fog is lifting. A crisp winter sun emerges and shines over the skies of azure blue, leaving the trees exquisitely clad in a silver hoar frost wrought by the receding fog that settles over the Peace River.

Wheat The 1,923km river drains most of the district, including north western Alberta. It cuts through the Rocky Mountains and flows east as part of the Mackenzie River system which empties into the Pacific Ocean. Some of the world’s finest hard northern wheat is grown here in the district and we are the northernmost commercial crop producing area in North America.

Andy Tschetter ■ Andy Tschetter farms at Peace View Colony, British Columbia ■ Peace View Colony is a Hutterite settlement ■ Hutterites are a form of Anabaptists who, like the Amish and Mennonites, trace their roots back to Europe in the 16th century

My plans for the day include bringing the sheep home near the barnyard for the final time. They have been out foraging on regrowth barley from the summer’s silage harvest adjacent to the existing sheep paddocks. This saves on feed as late fall alfalfa and other foliage helps flush the animals in time for December 1 and the start of breeding.

20/12/2017 13:24


tish Columbia, takes us through a day on the farm and how he gets through the freezing winter.

n snow-covered Canada How this article came about AS editor of Farmers Guardian, you are prone to receiving random phone calls throughout a working week. But for a shepherd from British Columbia to get in touch out the blue was a new one, even for me. Having popped a few copies of FG in the post to Andy a couple of years ago, he has continued to keep in touch and his passion for agriculture and the sheep industry in particular shines through when he speaks.

He also has a passion for literature and, in particular, James Herriot. His handwritten letters, which mirror the meticulous style of the Lake District walking guides of Alfred Wainwright, evoke some of the tone and style of Herriot and paint a picture of landscape and way of life similar, but suitably distant from our readers. I hope you enjoy this snapshot of a day in Andy’s life as much as he did writing it. Ben Briggs, Editor

Freezing Canadian winters offer unique challenges to the country’s farmers.

their potential in growth and performance as they will be bred in December. Really, these lambs have selected themselves. Those low to the ground British style lambs are thick set, wide rumped and have gained fast on grass.

Andy Tschetter’s sheep feed on alfafa hay in winter paddocks.

Four Anatolian Shepherd dogs are with the sheep, and paw in the snow for feed. With deepening snow and consistent cold, it is decision time as my replacement

P92 93 Dec29 GG BB.indd 3

Snug ewe lambs are still with the dams and need to be sorted out and put on to better feed as they are growing animals. I need to look at maximising

Here on Peace Ewe Farm our goal is to produce a lively, grass-fed ewe which will take care of herself, adapt and aspire from local forage, maintain her condition and produce a lamb of similar type.

The late afternoon sun continues to dazzle. It is a day of pristine winter beauty, and a day of hope and inspiration. The sheep are home and are snug in their winter paddock munching alfalfa hay. It is time for the fire to be stoked, for tea to be brewed, for carols to be sung and for reading to be done. And my fireside book of choice – Every Living Thing by James Herriot. I hope you enjoy this glimpse of Canadian life and I wish you all a happy new year. DECEMBER 29 2017 | 93

20/12/2017 13:24


Every week we follow the ups and downs of farmers around the UK WILL CASE

Cumbria Will Case farms 300ha (750 acres) in partnership with brother Simon and parents William and Margaret at Ulverston, Cumbria. Land is divided between Plumpton Cottage Farm and Robbs Water Farm, Barrow-inFurness. They farm 1,000 lowland ewes, 90 pedigree Texel ewes, 65 Salers suckler cows, fatten 150 store cattle, 12,000 freerange laying hens and 100 dairy cows milked by robots.


erry Christmas all. I hope you have all enjoyed the festive season and Santa brought you everything you wished for. As I write, our three boys are eagerly awaiting Christmas day; the magic is alive and well in our house. It is a wonderful time of year to enjoy spending time with family and friends. This month we had a festive lads afternoon out to shoot some clay pigeons and enjoy a good few drinks in our obligatory Christmas jumpers. It was a cracking day. Farming is a relentless job, so it is great to get away from it all sometimes. I think we hit the bar with greater accuracy than we hit the clays though. December began with scanning the early ewes and the Texels. Our commercials scanned at 217 per cent and our pedigrees at 180 per cent. I cannot help feeling that there is a happy medium between those two numbers, but I am very pleased with the ewes and they are going into the harsh end of winter in good order.

‘Brexit may give us a platform to champion British food around the globe’ Building work in the sheep shed has dominated our workload this month and things are really taking shape. Robert Long and his team have endured chronic gate-making fatigue, but have made a terrific job of them. It is exciting to see my design come to life and I just hope the sheep are happy in it. They will definitely be happy with the conserved grass in spring. A new building is a big investment but I am confident this will set us in good stead for whatever the future may throw at us.

There is much uncertainty ahead, and 2018 will be another big year for British farming as we look to the UK leaving the Common Agricultural Policy. The future direction of UK agriculture will no longer be decided in Brussels and that is a scary but empowering thought. I hope we stay largely aligned with the EU and that our produce will still be able to be exported to our nearest neighbours without complications and tariffs. The trade deal

we will end up with is anyone’s guess, but I want to be positive. UK farmers can make a success of Brexit, producing the world’s best food, with world-leading animal welfare to the world’s highest standards. The British public trusts us and loves the countryside we create. These are things we already do, and Brexit may yet give us a platform to boldly champion British food around the globe. We live in uncertain, interesting times, but they definitely will not be boring. Have a happy New Year.

Farmers Weather by Dr Simon Keeling

Turbulent weather made hard work for farmers THE stand-out weather story this year has been the summer that never was. Many of you were telling me how you had experienced such a sharp contrast between the weather of spring, which held such promise having brought warm and dry conditions, then mid to late summer was dominated by wetter days and cooler temperatures. It made for very hard work for farmers. We started the year with an unremarkable winter. It was mild and dry overall, but the second half of February became stormier. Remember ‘Doris Day’ on February 23? It was the first named storm of the year when winds reached 94mph. 94 | DECEMBER 29 2017

p94 95 Dec 29.indd 2

Spring then returned to type with conditions mild for most and drier than average. East England saw the mildest temperatures. Sunshine was above average for most, with the sunniest spots in western Scotland and parts of the Vale of York. Many farmers were able to crack on. However, we did warn things would turn in the second half of the year. Summer became the ninth wettest since 1910. Official figures show temperatures above average, but this was due to the warmth in June, as July and August were much cooler months. We did not escape the weather in autumn either, as the strong jet stream

ensured frequent bands of rain and strong winds battered the UK. It was not until October when things began to settle down and become drier, but Hurricane Ophelia brought storms on October 16 and 17. Drier weather in November meant southern parts of the UK and central Scotland were drier than average and temperatures were closer to normal. It has been a cool start to winter, and I suspect we will end the season with temperatures close to average with below average rainfall. But there is a long way to go yet. We will keep you informed in our twice weekly video forecasts at

For location specific forecasts visit and for video updates go to or call the number below. Call Farmers WeatherLIVE

0906 599 9308 Calls charged at £1.55 per minute, plus telephone company access charge. Calls from mobiles and some networks may be considerably higher. Average call length two-three minutes. Service available 8am–6pm, seven days a week. Service provided by WCS Ltd. For complaints or queries about the premium rate 090 service, please call 01902 895 252.

27/12/2017 09:55

NEXT WEEK North Yorkshire Christine Ryder Aberdeenshire Charles Bruce

‘It is nice when farmers say how good your lambs look’ Kent Marie Prebble runs a 93ha (230-acre) Ministry of Defence-tenanted farm with her parents, David and Diane, near Dover. Largely permanent pasture in Higher Level Stewardship, the farm is home to 400 breeding Romneys which Marie puts to high index Lleyn rams.


received the following reply to a recent application: ‘Dear Marie. Thank you for applying for the role of policy adviser to the Secretary of State, Michael Gove, here at Defra. Unfortunately you have not been successful in your application’. No surprises there, but it was a worthwhile exercise applying if only to update my CV for the first time in years. The role was adver-

tised widely in the farming press and 400 people applied. Perhaps the direction of agricultural policy can be influenced by those with industry expertise to mitigate potential shocks to farming. Yet I have enough on my plate for 2018 without becoming a civil servant. There will be a tenancy to apply for at home, the process of which may well begin this year; a Countryside Stewardship Scheme to plan; and a business to future-proof for whatever Brexit might bring about. It is hard to be entirely optimistic about the future of the sheep sector considering our existing relationship with European market will be inevitably challenged. Certainly these are times for specialists in farming; those who have invested in their businesses in soils and production, genetics and technology will be the first to make gains where others could lose out. Planning for the unknown is impossible, and it will still be some time until we understand the


practical implications of what a new policy landscape will look like. How we as farmers present ourselves in the face of public scrutiny is more important than ever, with increasing challenges, such as from the vegan movement to justify what we do, and pressure to explain the environmental sustainability of farming to a hungry and resource-depleting world. Let us keep on doing what we do well, get even better at everything we do already, and show the world what British farmers are made of. ‘Resilience’, ‘adaptation’ and ‘innovation’ will have to be every

The first correct entry received by next Friday will receive £20 worth of M&S vouchers. Send to: Crossword No. 910, Farmers Guardian, Unit 4, Fulwood Business Park, Caxton Road, Fulwood, Preston, PR2 9NZ.


1 Brief statistics about foremost of over-running carnivorous mammals (6) 5 Hollow under shoulder part I’m changing (6) 10 Harass contemptible scoundrel (5) 11 Act of becoming more distant in state of economic decline (9) 12 Inept folks’ rods for measuring depths of liquids (9) 13 Ably you initially sorted out area for vehicles to pull off (3-2) 14 By long exposure wears away, it’s said, castrated rams (7) 16 Sun God to follow step by step competitive struggle (3,4) 18 Type of hat; one you might eat (4,3) 20 Patella or cover to protect it in horses (7) 22 Revolving part of motor, rubbish or just the same backwards (5) 24 Calamitous inattentiveness ignoring circling tsetse could lead to this antitoxin (9) 26 Coarse material worn with ashes we’re told (9) 27 Good cereal grains for ruminants (5) 28 Part of fancy clergy, character on bike in New York, say (6) 29 Unusual sonnet in compositions for nine performers (6)



p94 95 Dec 29.indd 3

farmer’s middle name and, fortunately, we are a pretty hardy bunch. I sold 100 decent lambs at the last Ashford store sale before Christmas, but for less than my smaller ones had made in the previous sale. Ups and downs have always been a feature of farming and I doubt that will change. Keeping a strong network of positive people around you is key. It is especially nice when fellow farmers comment how good your lambs look in the ring, making up for disappointing trade. Wishing you all a very happy, healthy and homegrown New Year.


2 One who praises President and French Queen (9) 3 Examination of opening intercepted by leader of university (5) 4 Smartens up conifers (7) 5 One claiming there’s an offence; county council taken in by a drug addict, (7) 6 Curiously tie to elms Old World parasitic shrub (9) 7 With reserve but not initially in Mafia country (5) 8 Female pig going round had an inseparable companion (6) 9 Confused enemy circling leader of Zionists becomes catalyst (6) 15 Variable mail price depending on experiment (9) 17 Rising in influence; an up-slope absorbing level of judo proficiency (9) 18 Insistence on correctness is finally involved in Jewish Feast of Lots (6) 19 Charm of exotic oceanarium if discordant CIA absent (7) 20 Equipment, revolutionary and primarily new in building where food is prepared (7) 21 Play on words is hard at first to sanction (6) 23 Part of stack yellowing, of very poor quality (5) 25 Bit of nag evidently rejected by one of these (5)

Answers to crossword 908: Across: 1 Agriculture, 7 Sultana, 8 Rubdown, 10 Larch, 11 Beavering, 12 Sand bar, 14 Delight, 15 Embassy, 17 Passion, 19 Proconsul, 21 Pitta, 22 Equerry, 23 Bizarre, 24 Factory farm. Down: 1 Aileron, 2 Reach, 3 Cranberry, 4 Larva, 5 Umbrellas, 6 Eloping, 7 Salespeople, 9 Nightingale, 13 Bishopric, 14 Dapple-bay, 16 Beowulf, 18 Interim, 20 Say-so, 21 Pizza. Winner: S. Binns, Lancashire.



DECEMBER 29 2017 | 95

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If you would like to be featured, email

‘Agriculture’s role in providing food security is essential’ Food security: One of the biggest challenges I believe agriculture faces today is the impressions of it solely being associated with the farming practice itself and not its multidisciplinary and evolving dimensions. Yet, agriculture’s role in providing food security is essential to our own survival and the core stability of society. Therefore, we should all take an interest in it. My path into agriculture was not necessarily a traditional one. Having grown up and lived in cities ranging from Brussels to Ankara, Edinburgh to Brisbane, I have never found myself in a rural farm setting except during occasional visits through school field trips or weekend escapes. My interest really emerged when learning about the October Revolution of 1917 in Russia and its battle cry of ‘Peace, Land and Bread’, and then the Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) in my history and geography classes. Looking at agriculture and food security through a political lens, the broader scope of its significance in shaping world events was a perspective milestone. Innovation: As I went on to do my undergraduate degree in biotechnology at the University of Edinburgh and participated in the John

Ebba Engstrom Stockholm, Sweden Ebba Engstrom, 22, was born in Sweden but is now studying an MPA in development, technology and innovation policy at the University College London. She recently attended the Youth Ag-Summit in Brussels and is keen to tackle food security.

Ebba Engstrom says agriculture needs to be presented differently.

Innes Centre International undergraduate summer school, the necessity of investment and innovation in research for improved crop varieties, agri-tech and cultivating

practices became evident. However, the impact of these research and technological developments can only do so much without correct implementation. Education: Ultimately, underlying this successful implementation is education. Education is key in most aspects of achieving food security. There is a strong disconnect in understanding the practices, research and policies involved in bringing food from the fields to our plates. Drawing from my own education, I can see the multiple gaps which may

have discouraged interest, as well as created distrust in the form of new agri-tech, among other students. Therefore, the way we are taught about agriculture needs to be reshaped. Agriculture cannot only be presented as a traditional practice belonging to a countryside setting. It needs to be presented as a way to ensure political stability and alleviating poverty, in questions of high-tech but also economic impact from automation, and as an incorporation of sustainable cities through urban agriculture.

VIP Members receive up to 30 minutes of FREE legal advice from a specialist rural business solicitor Call 0330 333 0056 and subscribe today 5 2

“He reminded the boss it was only another 365 days to look out for thieves this year!” 96 | DECEMBER 29 2017

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Farmers Guardian 29th December 2017  
Farmers Guardian 29th December 2017