PORTFOLIO URBAN DESIGN 2014 - 2015
YEYUN FAN EDUCATION Sept 2009-July 2013 Mar 2014-Mar 2015
SKILLS Software Skills
Nanjing University| Nanjing, China Bachelor of Urban Planning University of New South Wales | Sydney, Australia Master of Urban Development and Design
Photoshop, Illustrator, Indesign AutoCAD, Sketchup, ArcGIS Vray, Lumion Revit Hand Sketching Model Making
1. Urban Conservation Valparaíso 2. Plan City Precinct Lübeck 3. Central Airspace,Global Precinct Sydney 4. Model Via Dei Condotti
URBAN CONSERVATION VALPARAÍSO 33° 03′ S
Team: Yeyun Fan, Jinglin Gu
Valparaíso’s historic quarter represents an extraordinary example of industrial age heritage associated with the international sea trade of the late 19th and early 20th centuries. —UNESCO SIGNIFICANCE: The World Heritage site is located on the coastal plain and part way up the steep surrounding hills, where the city first developed. The outstanding nature of the historic quarter of Valparaíso results from a combination of three factors, all associated with its role as a port: its particular geographical and topographical environment; its urban forms, layout, infrastructure and architecture; and its attraction to and influence by people from around the world.
STRATEGIES: • The existing building typologies and urban fabric will be conserved. • Integrate the UNESCO historic district with the living areas on the adjoining hills. • Redevelop the core, to Conserve Restoration with Extensive Typological & Morphological Evaluations. • Organise some activities and exhibitions for historic buildings and established the exhibition hall at the existing poor condition adobe building. • Study and analyse culturally and historically valuable buildings to create appropriate future uses and to create rules for restoration. • Redevelopment of hillside areas: for mix social housing, mix rich and poor and landscape design of hillside as well. • Redevelopment the economy, restoration poor condition or abandoned buildings, public space and green space of the neighbourhoods with new plan for police patrols routes to increase the security of the neighbourhoods. • For increasing the economy and population of Valparaiso, restore some poor condition or abounded buildings in the plain to make them as retail – residential mixed use buildings.
INTEGRATED URBAN CONSERVATION STRATEGY
EXISTING CONDITION ANALYSIS
• Building condition some buildings are built of adobe and likely to clap; some buildings are corroded and spall; some buildings are dilapidated and deserted. • Many vacant land and abandoned buildings • Security problem, crimes such as robbery • Public space No streetscape + narrow pathways street furniture lack of maintenance shortage of community facilities • Little connection to the seaport • Low population and few inhabitants • Lack of commercial functions • Low population and few inhabitants • Lack of commercial functions
Ascensores under construction
Heritage Buffer Zone
Asensores pedestrian route
Hertitage Area Historic Monument
Implementation Strategy UNESCO
Plaza La Matriz and Heritage Interpretation Centre
New Customs House, Police station, Palacio Subercaseaux adaptive re-use for Ministry (SERVIU), Social Housing project on approach to Cerro Arrayán
Valparaiso city council Market restoration (Mercada Puerto) Private corporation
Individual landowners Affordable Housing developand Non-government ment on Cerro Arrayán organisations (NGOs) Universities
Urban Regeneration Program Commercial Use New Retail
New Culture Place
New Community Service
Edificio Astoreca restored by Grupo Ultramar
Teatro Paciico converted to Drama School, Comisaria la Matriz restored as Interdisciplinary Neuroscience Centre of Valparaiso, Student Housing on vacant city blocks.
Residential Use (Unit)
New Social Housing
21 (2016 m2)
New Affordable Housing
54 (2835 m2)
Interdisciplinary Neuroscience Centre Social Housing & Affordable Housing
Poor Condition Building
Vacant Land Police station
TSUNAMI RISK LINE
ADAPTIVE RE-USE PRINCIPLES
SECTION A-A1 NEW HOUSING ON INNER HILLS INTEGRATED WITH HITORIC CENTRE
SOCIAL HOUSING & AFFORDABLE HOUSING
Social housing & Affordable housing
Relocated New Customs House on Plaza Wheelwright to save 1940s heritage
Palacio Subercaseaux - New Min
Interdisciplinary Neuroscience Centre
Interdisciplinary Neuroscience Centre
nistry proposal by
Victor Gubbins Arquitecto
Conservation and adaptive re-use of Palacio Subercaseaux as regional offices for Servicios de Vivienda y Urbanización (SERVIU) by Victor Gubbins Arquitecto - the project should be re-designed as a mixed-use building with active retail at street level.
For Tourism Area: Restore the ascensore of artlleria; Design three miradors; Design the tourist place; Design the corridor. For Commercial Area: Restoration and repair of buildings; Redevelop the vacant lands and buildings; Form police station to solve the security problem; Provide education facilities; Redesign the transportation system and make the sidewalk wider; Remove street parking to underground parking or internal parking; Maintenance of street furniture; Keep traditional mix of commerce and housing to attract inhabitants; Design the market; Redesign the Plaza Echaurren, vest pocket park; Change the theatre into a cheater school. For Culture Heritage Center Area: Design the ruins into Interdisciplinary Neuroscience Center and workshops; Add an Interpretation Centre. For Residential Area: Redevelopment of hillside areas: for mix social housing, mix rich and poor and landscape design of hillside as well.
Social Housing (Población Marquez)-1940s
Conjunto Habitacional Quebrada Marquez, 1946 designed by engineer Pedro Goldsack precedent in form, massing and colour for social housing redevelopment on Cerro Arrayán.
Regeneration project by Rodrigo Pérez de Arce and Francisco Díaz Arquitectos.
REVITALISED BARRIO PUERTO AND INNER HILLS
Iglesia de la matriz
Aduana, Custom house
Comisaria la Matriz
Mercado Puerto, Valparaiso, 1922-1924
Teatro Pacifico, Valparaiso, 1945
VALPARAÍSO’S HISTORIC QUARTER
PLAN CITY PRECINCTS Lübeck 53°52’ N
Team: Yeyun Fan, Dengkeqin Gao
Lübeck, located in northern Germany on the River Trave near the Baltic Sea, is a planned city of the medieval period which for several centuries was the capital of the Hanseatic League. Today, Lübeck is a UNESCO World Heritage city. In 1987, large sections of the Lübeck old city were added to the UNESCO list of world heritage sites as an outstanding example of an urban ensemble, justified due to the authenticity and integrity of the cultural assets. The World Heritage “Hanseatic City of Lübeck “ fulfills UNESCO’s criterion IV for universal value, according to which the medieval city is “an outstanding example of a type which illustrates a significant stage in history.”
HISTORY Old Lübeck formed in 7th century was a medieval West Slavic settlement near the site of modern Lübeck, destroyed in 1138. The new town was founded in 1143 as a German settlement at the current location on an island in the River Trave, and quickly developed into a significant commercial centre for the Baltic Sea region. Within a planned series of parallel nuclei of the new town: the castle district in the north and the cathedral quarter in the south. In 1226 Lübeck became an Imperial Free City. Along with its favorable location for trade, this helped Lübeck achieve substantial political power and become the most important commercial centre in northern Europe. From the 13th century onwards, the Hanseatic League developed into one of the most powerful alliances of cities during the medieval period. Due to its privileges and its status as the “leading city of the Hanseatic League,” Lübeck assumed a dominant position in the federation of cities. The city’s layout, its urban architecture and the town charter became the basis for many cities in the Hanseatic League and the Baltic Sea region. During World War II, Lübeck was the first German city to be bombed by the British (in March 1942) and one fifth of the historic town was heavily destroyed.
Air Attack in World War II
CONSERVATION IN LÜBECK
Lübeck was the first city in postWorld War II Germany to reject urban renewal and institute urban conservation. Urban structural change in the larger metro region based on“car-friendly and functional urban planning” divided the urban territory into three parts: city, suburbs and industrial areas but this led to a reaction against loss of local identity and industrialization. Early conservation moves around 1900 were developed during the Nazi period in the 1930s for nationalistic and ideological reasons. War-related destruction in the 1940s led to comprehensive rehabilitation of the old town in the 1970s, not modernist urban renewal, with the historic centre preserved as a living cultural monument on the model of Bologna, Italy.
Aerial View Of Media Dock
Preservation of historic buildings was linked to securing residential tenancies in the historic districts to maintain social mix. Public spaces and market places were conserved as a contribution to strengthening the function of the old town Design regulations included restriction of roofing materials to brick-red or red-brown tiles, and facades with bright clear colors.
FIGURE GROUND 1 1:200 000
FIGURE GROUND 2 1:20 000
FIGURE GROUND 3 1:2000
ISSUES • Lübeck has suffered economic and population decline in recent decades but the Fehmarn Belt Fixed Link (a road-rail tunnel under the Baltic, connecting Germany to Denmark and its link to Malmö, Sweden over the Oresund) will open in 2021, it will boost tourism and the local economy as well as benefit employment. • In the precinct area adjoining the World Heritage sites, the rate of land use is low and parking lots occupy a large proportion of these sites along the River Trave. • The buildings in the old town which were built in the bombed parts of the city after World War II were utilitarian and out of character with the medieval core. • There is a lack of transition between the old town and new town, with the historic Holstentor – the symbol of the city – isolated on a traffic island. • The current transport system cannot support traffic flows between the old town and new town. • The rail lines of the 19th century, which destroyed the city walls on the western side of the medieval core, have been removed but most of this area remains unused industrial land, with a few isolated cultural buildings and hotels, out of character with the World Heritage sites. • The transition from the main railway station to the historic city is dominated by heavily used arterial roads and roundabouts. • The building density is high in the old town and there are few open public spaces. • The commercial area adjoining the railway station is only partially developed. • Alternative uses for former warehouses along the waterfront have been creative.
The founder Quarter: Mengstraße , Alfstraße , Fish Street and Brown Street (partnfrom the Erstkataster of 1890-1905 , redrawn for: German cities Atlas Delivery III, No. 6, 1984 Altenbeken
Rebuilt after WWII
World heritage zone
Street green area Residential green area Park Athletic
Residential area Public buildings Entertainment
Hotel Gym Commercial area
OBJECTIVES & STRATEGIES The design is for the preservation of old town of Lübeck and development of Holstentor. The precinct would provide a residential area with different housing types. It is proposed to restore the mediaeval pattern in the old town area and create more public space. Also, it would integrate the modern MUK with continuous urban fabric as a cultural buffer zone in building type and function. In the precinct area adjoining the World Heritage sites, the rate of land use is low and parking lots occupy a large proportion of these sites along the River Trave. The buildings in the old town which were built in the bombed parts of the city after World War II were utilitarian and out of character with the medieval core. There is a lack of transition between the old town and new town, with the historic Holstentor – the symbol of the city – isolated on a traffic island. In the old town area, the key design ideas were to restore the pre-WWII urban pattern in the bombed part of the city, reinstate the building type which features gable roofs. Clear the small buildings in the center of each block to lower the density in order to provide more open space. On the island area, the design proposed to restore the form of the baroque fortifications through landscape interventions. Permit construction of buildings with modern characteristics. Build an exhibition hall on the north corner to link the Hanseatic museum in the old town.
URBAN DESIGN FRAMEWORK 1:3000
CULTURAL+RETAIL ENTERTAINMENT+RETAIL LIVING+RETAIL LIVING+WORKING PARKING BUILDING
CULTURAL exibition hall media dock music muk gallery RETAIL restaurant cafe bar clothing shop beauty sallon bookshop electronic clinic
ENTERTAINMENT gym cinema community LIVING hotel apartment complex WORKING artist workshop office space studio space
PROPOSED LAND USE HISTORICAL
PUBLIC SPACE + PRIVATE
TARGET GROUP Old people Small families Single people Returness Craftsman and creative HOUSING TYPE Roof: gable roof (historical typical roof) red tile mixed with teracs Facade: historical type DENSITY Max 4 levels 3m height lower density than historical type
small building type: multifunctional apartments GROUND FLOOR working + living commerical, retail, doctors, cafes, restaurants, open space PARKING underground parking parking house within walkable distance
CENTRAL AIRSPACE GLOBAL PRECINCT SYDNEY 33° 51′ S
Team: Yeyun Fan,Dengkeqin Gao,Zhichao Wang,Lingxiao Zhou,Feier Lu,Xiaofeng Liu
Sydney central station is located at the southern end of the Sydney CBD and is the largest railway station in Australia. The surrounding areas of central railway station contain some traditional residential suburbs (Surry Hills, Chippendale, Camperdown, Darlington), educational sectors (UTS, USYD), Australian Technology Park. A major new strategy to redevelop the Sydney central station has been created. This project will create opportunities for investment on an international scale with innovative proposals. The Sydney central station presents an urban renewal opportunity for Sydney that is unrivalled in Australia with development and public domain outcomes that will rival global precedents.
OBJECTIVES & STRATEGIES
This design is for a new mixed-use neighbourhood in Sydney CBD, which is the heart of Sydney, under global precinct scenario. After completing. The new neighbourhood would be a new CBD for both local residents and global tourists. The most innovative technique for this project should be constructing a deck about existing central station and platforms to build the new plain site for the project. This design would provide a new transport junction and community focal point.In order to address some existing issues at Sydney central station, this design would to link various transport systems successfully to help people adopt public transport easily. With the purpose of creating Sydney as a global city, the design will follow global precinct principles. The existing central station is old and incontinent for people, therefore, the design will create and highlight brand new feature for central station area. And also, this design will fortify the existing district and reborn its unique charming. The existing Sydney CBD is crowded and chaotic, the proposed project will attract a large proportion of people to remit this issue. The key design idea was to build decks to cover platforms of central station in order to form the upper ground floor. In order to be a global city, skyscrapers and high-rise buildings will be constructed at here. Several hotels/accommodations would be built at specified area to boost Sydney tourism. A large number of offices and commercial industry will be open at brand new central station area to offer employment opportunities.
PEDESTRIAN MOVEMENT&RALLYING POINT
PUBLIC TRANSPORT ROADS & TRAFFIC
VACANT LANDS FOR FOUNDATION
CHARACTER OF A GLOBAL CITY • A variety of international financial services, notably in finance, insurance, real estate, banking, accountancy, and marketing • Headquarters of several multinational corporations. • The existence of financial headquarters, a stock exchange and major financial institutions. • Domination of the trade and economy of a large surrounding area. • Major manufacturing centres with port and container facilities . • Considerable decision-making power on a daily basis and at a global level. • Centres of new ideas and innovation in business, economics, culture and politics. • Centres of media and communications for global networks. • Dominance of the national region with great international significance. • High percentage of residents employed in the services sector and information sector. • High-quality educational institutions, including renowned universities, international student attendance and research facilities. • Multi-functional infrastructure offering some of the best legal, medical and entertainment facilities in the country. PROPOSED PEDESTRIAN MOVEMENT
PUBLIC BENEFITS • Growth of the NSW economy and strong financial benefits for taxpayers. • Creating the new financial rallying point, service the whole Asia Pacific. • Expanded housing supply, including significantly increasing density, student and various levels of hotels. • Increased employment, investment and job opportunities through the extension of the Sydney CBD. • Improved public open space and additional neighborhood and cross-city connectionson the deckbringing the city together. • Preservation and renewal the existing heritage items.
TRANSPORT INFRASTRUCTURE • Dimensional transport system will be introduced for the proposal. • Existing accessible tunnel will be removed, and new tunnel under concourse and platforms will be designed under the middle of each platform to form a new thoroughfare. • After completing central station project, zerodistance transfer will be achieved. • Redesign and increase existing height of the car parking building in order to address car-parking issue. PROPOSED GREEN SPACE
VIA DEI CONDOTTI ROME 41° 54′ N
Team: Yeyun Fan, Dengkeqin Gao
Via Condotti is a fashionable street of Rome, Italy. It begins at the foot of the Spanish steps and ends at Via dei Corso. It is named after conduits or channels which carried water to the Baths of Agrippa. It is the street which contains the greatest number of Rome-based Italian fashion retailers. In Roman times Via Condotti was one of the streets that crossed the ancient Via Flaminia and enabled people who transversed the Tiber to reach the Pincio hill. It begins at the foot of the Spanish steps and is named after conduits or channels which carried water to the Baths of Agrippa.
PHYSICAL CHARACTERISTICS OF VIA CONDOTTI Width: 8m Length: 300m Relationship to water body: Tiber River(Italian: River Fiume Tevere) Paving materials: concrete Orientation: from southwest to northeast Shape: straight Intersection with other streets: Via del Corso, Via Belsiana, Via Bocca di Leone, Via Mario Dè Fiori and Via del Babuino from west to east
SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS OF VIA CONDOTTI Monuments and sights of interest: Chiesa della Santissima Trinità degli Spagnoli (18th century) Palazzo degli Ansellini (19th century) Palazzo Della Porta Negroni Caffarelli (19th century) Palazzo Avogadri Neri (17th century) Palazzo di Propaganda Fide (17th century) Palazzo di Malta (18th century) Palazzo Megalotti (18th century) Antico Caffè Greco (18th century)
ELEVATION - SOUTH
ELEVATION - NORTH