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Family Constellation

to society. Parents can do so only at a psychological cost to all involved, particularly their children. STEP- AND HALF SIBLINGS As a result of losses of family members, half and stepsiblings may enter the family. If a parent has been lost and a substitute, a stepfather or a stepmother, has materialized, he or she may also bring children of his or her own into the family. These children become stepsiblings for the children already there. They are not related, tihat is, they are not "of the same blood." The remaining parent and the stepparent may also have children together. They become half siblings for the other children, and vice versa. Half siblings are part blood relations. They are more closely related than cousins, but not as closely as brothers and sisters. Regular siblings have both parents in common, half siblings have only one of their parents in common. Usually they are younger than the children already present in the family. Stepsiblings, on the other hand, may also be older than the children who were already there, or even of the same age. When studying the relationships of stepsiblings or half siblings with each other, one should consider the given individual's position in his original sibling configuration as well as the possible effects of the loss of a family member which must have occurred in tihe first place. Even if parents add an adopted child to their own children, the adopted child, at least, has suffered a loss. He is without one or both parents, or he loses them upon adoption. When two sibling configurations join in a single family, the children involved may assume new sibling positions, including multiple ones. As stated above, the latter become more probable the larger the number of children. A youngest sibling may become a second youngest or third youngest, an oldest may find a still older sibling ahead of him. A middle sibling may become the guide and helper for his youngest sibling who may have become a middle sib-

Profile for FamilyConstellation

Walter Toman - Family Constellation - Its Effects on Personality and Social Behavior  

Walter Toman - Family Constellation - Its Effects on Personality and Social Behavior

Walter Toman - Family Constellation - Its Effects on Personality and Social Behavior  

Walter Toman - Family Constellation - Its Effects on Personality and Social Behavior

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