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VERTICALISM STUDIO

AAP-NYC Cornell Spring 2008 I単aki Abalos Urtzi Grau




AAP-NYC Cornell - Spring 2008

VERTICALISM THE FUTURE OF SKYSCRAPER Iñaki Abalos - Urtzi Grau Modern architects thought of the skyscraper as associated with the organization of work, with the office. In fact, the prototypic skyscraper of modernity is the expression of such organization; a optimized arrangement for archiving and connecting workers that archive and connect data. This reification of bureaucracy, without and pejorative connotation, was symbolically interpreted in steel and glass rectilinear prisms, artificially climatized, ordered in rings around nodes of communication. Buildings as the Seagram Building in New York gave the definitive and everlasting shape to this conception. That was Modernity with capital M: the triumph of organization, the beauty of organization. Today the skyscrapers under construction are manly located in Asia. They are residential buildings with concrete structures and natural ventilation. Deprived of any monumental aura, they are consumer products, not exceptional anymore, a norm. Without dramatizing, one can say that all contemporary metropolises are doomed to densification and even the most recalcitrant mayors are beginning to understand that they have to familiarize with this instrument. Meanwhile, some architects seem abducted by the iconic character of these constructions, as if we were witnessing the terminal phase and mannerist of the history of the typology. Nothing further from the forecoming reality. “Verticalism,” the conception of the space and the contemporary city in vertical terms has only just started. We are witness of a passionate transformation process. We have just begun to think the city from positions that efficiently substitute the bi-dimensionality of urban planning for a new verticalism. Blossoming in the professional work of our generation we see vertical libraries, vertical laboratories, vertical fashion buildings, vertical universities, vertical museums, vertical parks and vertical sport facilities as well as combinations of all them mixed with residential, hotel and office typologies (a.k.a. mix-use buildings), sometimes conforming complete cities in which the section of the of the building becomes what the plan just to be for the city. The successful experience of the modern skyscraper, essentially grounded on the private business, is being rethought in the public realm – or in an agreement

between public and private benefit – testing new modalities of urban management that prefigure the future. The incorporation of public and institutional typologies, caught for years in 19th century conformations, points to certain adaptation also in the institutional domain. The mix identical towers with variety of uses (a.k.a. “bundle of towers” ) is also an effective and appropriate alternative to large vertical mix-use in multiple contexts. Compared to the Parisian boulevard, the infiltration of small towers, a sort of acupuncture strategy, has the benefit of a minimized footprint and maximizes its transformative capacity. The public space liberated by a small footprints and the evident sustainability of a synergetic utilization of a mix-use section are factors that are increasing the acceptance of skyscrapers. The public Space in the Skyscraper – a mix of streets, commercial spaces and parks inaugurated with Central Park – is one of the most successful collective spaces, with an incredible capacity to achieve universal acceptation. It possibly contains the genetic code of the contemporary public space. This studio is an exploration of the possibilities that the T line, the MTA new subway line under construction beneath 2nd avenue, opens for implementing “Verticalism” and contemporary public space in Manhattan. Originally proposed in 1929, and planned again in 1945, 1947, 1949, 1954 and 1964, under construction in the early 1970s and abandoned in 1975, the new T line is schedule to open in 2014 and to be fully operative in 2020, connecting 125th Street in Harlem with the Lower Manhattan and reorganizing the public transportation in the East side of the island. The public investment that such infrastructure requires is only comparable to the projected real estate benefits that will redraw the blueprint of neighborhoods like el Barrio (East Harlem), Alphabet City or the Lower East Side. Taking advantage this future conditions, the students are asked to imagine and design models of development that substitute the omnipresent condominiums for cohabitations between institutional and residential typologies. The final goal is to test different vertiticalist strategies (super tall mix-use, bundle of towers, supper block, etc) in Manhattan. The sites will be defined by subway stations, traditional spaces of experimental cohabitations between public and private developments guarantors of an intense of public use. At least 60% of the program will be residential, while the rest will house a 19th typology (libraries, laboratories, casinos, zoos, observatories, aquariums, asylums, fashion institutes, universities, museums, parks, sport facilities, etc.)




125th Street - p. 80 Nazli Usta Veronica Franzese Jennifer Rector

34rd Street - p. 56 Mariela Alvarez Day Jimenez Jenny Kononenko Asdren Matoshi

Chrystie Street - p. 4 Kelly Ball Zahira Crespo Adam Vana

Houston Street- p. 28 Kevin Chin Kwok Lim Gary Huafan He Wendy Tsai








CHRYSTIE STREET Kelly Ball Zahira Crespo Adam Vana 


 CHINATOWN SITE

THE BLOCK

PRODUCE GLASSES RESTAURANT

MARKET

RESTAURANT

MARKET

CLOTHING

FURNITURE

BAKERY PHARMACY

RESTAURANT VARIETY RESTAURANT

GROCERY MOVIES CLOTHING PHARMACY

GARDENING MARKET BEAUTY SALON

JEWLERY CLOTHING HERBS BEAUTY SALON

PROPOSAL THREE COMMUNITIES

TOWER FAMILY GENERAL SCHEME III. CR OW N

SUBSIDIZED FARMERS

BAKERY CANDY REAL ESTATE SKIN CARE

CARTHUSIAN MONKS

wa ter

ligh t

win d

URBANITES

II. B OD Y I. R OO LA FTO ND P C SC ON AP NE E CT IVE

EVERY TOWER HAS A SIMILAR, TRIPARTEID TYPOLOGY THAT CONSISTS OF A ‘PLUG’ THAT CONNECTS TO THE BLOCK AND CONTAINS RELEVANT PROGRAM, A ‘BODY’, WHICH CONTAINS THE PRIMARY PROGRAMS OF EACH TOWER, A ‘BODY’ AND A CROWN WHICH DISTINGUISHES TOWERS FROM ONE ANOTHER CONTAINS A UNIQUE PROGRAM

TYPOLOGY FARM 1:200 PLAN

TYPOLOGY HOUSING PLAN 1: 200

ETFE PANELS

RAMPING HYDROPONICS

INDIVIDUAL LIVING UNIT OPEN LEISURE SPACE


 BODY - DIAGRID FACADE SYSTEM GENERAL SCHEME - TOWER FAMILY

TYPOLOGY MONASTERY 1:200 PLAN GARDDEN TERRACES AMBULATORY VERTICAL GARDEN ATRIUM

MONK CELL

TOWER A B C

TOWER F

TOWER D E




THE VERTICAL VILLAGE CHINATOWN, NEW YORK CITY

AERIAL VIEW OF CHINA

INTERIOR ELEVATIONS

THREE COMMUNITIES:




ATOWN SITE: INTERSECTION OF CHRYSTIE STREET AND GRAND STREET

S ALONG GRAND STREET

S:

URBANITES

SUBSIDIZED FARMERS

C ARTHIUSIAN MONKS


10

TOWER FAMILY SCHEME PROGRAMMATIC AND SYSTEMS DIAGRAMS

III. CR OW N

II. B OD Y I. R OO LA FTO ND P C SC ON AP NE E CT IVE

wa ter

ligh t

win d


11

PROGRAM DISTRIBUTION

PERSPECTIVE VIEWS URBAN ARRANGEMENTS

SHADOW PLANS SELECTED TOWER ARRANGEMENT

11AM

12 PM

3 PM

5 PM


12

ROOFSCAPE

ADAPTIVE, CONNECTIVE SURFACE

PRIVATE APARTMENT TERRACE

PRIVATE APARTMENT TERRACE

MEDIA SCREEN

GRA ND S T

CHR YSTIE ST.

CONNECTION TO FARM TOWER

PUBLIC DINING TERRACE PRIVATE APARTMENT TERRACE

BOTANICAL AMBULATORY

EXIT FROM SUBWAY

SAR AD

ROO SEVE LT PA RK

CONNECTION TO FARM TOWER

PLAN ROOF CIRCULATION/PROGRAM


13

LIBRARY/RETREAT WATER COLLECTORS/ RESIDENT ACTIVITY CENTERS

MONASTIC CELL: AMBULATORY

TYPICAL APARTMENTS

GR AN D

ST

OFFICE/RETAIL SPACE

GRAND ST/CHRYSTIE ST. MARKET GRAND ST. SUBWAY STOP/UNDERGROUND MALL (B,D,T)

AXONOMETRIC OVERALL SCHEME(LOOKING WEST) PRIVATE ROOF TERRACE (APARTMENTS)

MOVING MEDIA SCREEN, VIEWED FROM BRIDGE CONNECTIVE PUBLIC ROOF

AXONOMETRIC PUBLIC ROOFTOP SPACES (LOOKING NORTH)


14

FARM TOWER GREEN RIBBON

‘EGG BEATER’ WIND TURBINES Vaccinium corymbosum HIGHLAND BLUEBERRY LOW-HIGH PRICE: 33.00 - 36.00

COMMUNITY SPACE FOR FARM DWELLERS

PACKAGE: FLATS 12 4.4-Z CUPS WITH LIDS 1 CUP = 145 GRAMS 79 CALORIES

FraGaria VirGiniana GARDEN STRAWBERRY LOW-HIGH PRICE: 27.00 - 30.00

RESIDENCES FOR FARM DWELLERS

PACKAGE: FLATS 12 1-PT BASKETS 1 CUP = 144 GRAMS 45 CALORIES REqUIRES DEEP IRRIGATION 10 CROPS PER YEAR 1514 TONS CONSUMED ANNUALLY PER 50000

caPsicum annuum BELL PEPPER LOW-HIGH PRICE: 15.00 - 16.00 PACKAGE: 1 1/9 BUSHEL CARTONS 1 CUP = 149 GRAMS 46 CALORIES 5.4 CROPS PER YEAR TEMP - 60-70 NIGHT, 70-80 DAY REqUIRE 8-10 HOURS OF SUNLIGHT 1368 TONS CONSUMED ANNUALLY PER 50000

TYPICAL PRODUCTION FLOOR

solanum lycoPersicum TOMATO LOW-HIGH PRICE: 14.00 - 15.00 PACKAGE: 25 LB CARTONS LOOSE 1 TOMATO = 62 GRAMS 11 CALORIES 0.2 SqUARE METERS PER PLANT 2 CROPS PER YEAR YIELD OF 25 LBS 2737 TONS CONSUMED ANNUALLY PER 50000

ETFE PANELS

lactuca satiVa ROMAINE LETTUCE LOW-HIGH PRICE: 14.00 - 14.00 PACKAGE: CARTONS 12 16-OZ (3 COUNT) PACKAGES 1 LEAF = 6 GRAMS 1 CALORIE 9” INTERVALS 8-10 CROPS PER YEAR 1003 TONS CONSUMER ANNUALLY PER 50000

brassica oleracea CABBAGE LOW-HIGH PRICE: 5.00 - 7.00 PACKAGE: 50 LB SACKS 1 CUP = 89 GRAMS 22 CALORIES

SEMINAR ROOM/ EVENT SPACE

Phaseolus VulGaris STRING BEAN LOW-HIGH PRICE: 11.00 - 12.00 PACKAGE: 5 LB CARTONS 1 CUP = 110 GRAMS 34 CALORIES PH - 7.6 TEMP - 65-75 F 2646 TONS CONSUMED ANNUALLY PER 50000

PUBLIC RAMP SPACE Pisum satiVum GREEN PEA LOW-HIGH PRICE: 14.00 - 15.00 PACKAGE: 10 LB CARTONS 1 CUP = 145 GRAMS 117 CALORIES 5.1 CROPS PER YEAR

PUBLIC ROOF TERRACE ORGANIC CAFE/SOCIAL SPACE

VIEW TO PARK

VIEW TO BOWERY PRIVATE TERRACE

MECHANICAL FLOOR

ESCALATOR TO SUBWAY

CENTRAL SICISSOR ESCALATORS ESCALATOR TO ROOF SCAPE PRODUCE STORAGE UNDERGROUND LOBBY/TERMINAL

FUTURE ‘T’ LINE


15

WIND POWER GENERATION/ COMMUNITY SPACE

SUPPORT/SERVICE/UTILITY

FREIGHT/PRODUCE ELEVATOR

HYDROPONIC CHANNELS IN HELICAL SYSTEM

ETFE GREENHOUSE PANELS

VIEW TO PARK

CONNECTION TO SUBWAY SUNKEN PLAZA

OUTDOOR/INDOOR INTERNET CAFE

FUTURE ‘T’ SUBWAY LINE


16

LONGITUDINAL SECTION DOCUMENTATION

TOWER F: MONASTERY + LIBRARY

TOWER E: FARM + SUBSIDIZED LIVING

TOWER C: HOUSING + HEALTH CLUB


17

TOWER D: FARM + SUBSIDIZED LIVING

TOWER B: HOUSING + POOL

TOWER A: HOUSING + DAYCARE

B, D TRAINS

T TRAIN


18

APARTMENT TOWER COMPACT/EXPANSE

WATER COLLECTION

CHILDREN’S DAY CARE

DOUBLE-HEIGHT APARTMENT AND COMPACT LIVING UNIT

PRIVATE ROOF TERRACE RETIAL/OFFICE SPACE ACCESSED BY ESCALATOR

BRIDGE OVER GRAND ST.

B,D,T SUBWAY LINES

NORTHERN/SO


OUTHERN FACADE

19

MONASTERY TOWER VERTICAL CLOISTER MEDITATION GARDEN

MONASTIC LIBRARY

VERTICAL CLOISTER/VOID

WORKSHOP

CELL (CUBICULUM)

AMBULATORY

GREEN PODS SMALL GARDENS IN THE VOID WORKSHOP

PROCESSIONAL LIFT

CHAPEL

CHURCH/RITUAL SPACE CONNECTED TO VOID ABOVE

REFECTORY/DINING ROOM A CARTHUSIAN HORARIUM

KITCHEN

LOBBY/RECEPTION

11:00 11:10 11:45 2:00 2:15 5:50 6:00 6:30 7:15 8:00 9:00 9:30 10:15 11:00

PM RISE MATINSOF THE BLESSED VIRGIN MARY, MEDITATION MATINS AND LAUDS- ANGELUS LAUDS(BMV) SLEEP AM RISE PRIMES ANGELUS MEDITATION LITANY OF THE SAINTS, CONVENTUAL MASS in the chapels: TERCE PRIVATE COMMUNION Terce(BMV), A LITTLE RELAXATION IN PRIVATE THEOLOGICAL STUDIES MANUAL WORK SEXTS, DINNER, RECREATION IN PRIVATE

12PM 1:30 2:00 2:30 2:45 3:15 4:30 5:15 6:00 7:00 7:20

SPIRITUAL READING, THEOLOGICAL STUDIES ANGELUS, NONES SPIRITUAL READING VESPERS OF BMV VESPERS STUDY MANUAL WORK EXAMINATION OF CONSCIENCE, PRAYER SUPPER, RECREATION IN PRIVATE ANGELUS COMPLINES SLEEP

ON WALK DAYS: EARLIER DINNER ANGELUS AND NONE OF BMV ON WALK


20

CROWNS - ENERGY COLLECTORS 1:200

BAMBOO GARDEN WIND TURBINES

SOLAR PANELS

LIBRARY

PING-PONG/SQUASH

FARM TOWERS PLAY ROOM

MONASTERY TOWER LIBRARY

APARTMENT TOWER NURSERY


R

21

PRECIPITATION COLLECTOR

PRECIPITA COLLECTO

PRECIPITATION COLLECTOR

LAP POO

GYM

APARTMENT TOWER GYMNASIUM

APARTMENT TOWER POOL


22

FACADE GLASS AND EFTE SKIN STRUCTURAL GRID PROVIDES LATERAL SUPPORT AND FRAMEWORK FOR SPECIFIC FENESTRATION

3’ 6’-5” 13’

UNIT PANELS GLASS OR ETFE PLASTIC PANELS FIT INTO DIAGRID STRUCTURAL FRAMEWORK

APARTMENT INTERIOR VIEW WINDOW OPERABILITY

GRID AND PANEL SYSTEM

F

E

D

DIAGRID PATTERNS FACADE ELEVATIONS ALONG CHRYSTIE STREET 1:450

C

B

A


23

PERSPECTIVE TOWER D NE CORNER

TYPICAL APARTMENT DETAIL SECTION 1:75

PERSPECTIVE TOWER F NE CORNER

DETAIL SECTION MONASTERY SOUTH FACADE

PERSPECTIVE TOWER D/E SE CORNER

TYPICAL FARM DETAIL SECTION 1:75


24

GROUND PLANS 1:500 CONNECTION TO THE SUBWAYS

N


25


26


27


WESTCHESTER THE BRONX

tr a k

Am

u

o S

Is la nd Lon g

LV

AN

H

AV

Subway AC

NA V

AV

New Lots Av NYC Transit Bus B6 Bensonhurst–East New York B15 JFK Airport 0

AN

ATL

Jamaica Bay

Y

WA

R LD

RI

CH

VD

St

N

71

AW

CK

y

Av

RO

w

20

WY

Ba

y

Pk

18

F 7 ‡7 A EFG= RV F EJZ E ‡7 M EG= RV AS EJZ ‡7

EE XP

OR

SH

ST

WE

RD

ILL

RK

HU ART

S74/84

S74/84

TOTTENVILLE BEACH

8:00 PM – 12 midnight Monday – Friday

6:30 AM – 12 midnight Saturday & Sunday

12 midnight – 6:30 AM Every day

Inwood/207 St, Manhattan – Ozone Park/Lefferts Blvd or Far Rockaway, Queens; Express in Manhattan and Brooklyn, Local in Queens; Note: A also serves Rockaway Park, Queens, during rush hours; other times transfer to S Rockaway Park Shuttle at Broad Channel, Queens

Inwood/207 Street, Manhattan –Far Rockaway, Queens; Local Note: Lefferts Blvd shuttle connects at Euclid Avenue

some rush hour trips to/from Jamaica/179 St, Queens

WEEKEND AND LATE NIGHT 12345 SERVICE SUBJECT TO CHANGE During the reconstruction of South Ferry and Fulton Street stations, weekend and late night 12345 service is subject to change. For the latest service information, call the NYCT Travel Information Center at 718-330-1234, check station posters, or visit the MTA website at www.mta.info.

Avenue D 6Express

Norwood/205 Street, Bronx – Coney Island, Brooklyn; Express in Bronx (peak direction), Manhattan and Brooklyn

6 Avenue F Local

V

6 Avenue Local

G Bklyn-Queens Crosstown Local

Beach,Brooklyn ; Local in upper Manhattan, Express in midtown Manhattan and Brooklyn until 9PM

Jamaica Center, Queens,– World Trade Center, Manhattan; Local

= No service, use = ACDQ

Norwood/205 Street, Bronx – Coney Island, Brooklyn; Local in Bronx and Brooklyn, Express in

Norwood/205 St, Bronx – Coney Island, Brooklyn; Local in Bronx, Express in Manhattan and Brooklyn

Manhattan

Jamaica/179 St, Queens – Coney Island, Brooklyn; Express, Forest Hills/71 Avenue–21 St/Queensbridge, Queens; Local in Manhattan and Brooklyn Forest Hills/71 Av, Queens – Lower East Side/2 Av, Manhattan; Local Long Island City/Court Sq, Queens – Smith/9 Sts, Brooklyn; Local

Time of day

Route L

= No service, use E =FGR

Forest Hills/71 Av, Queens – Smith/9 Sts, Brooklyn; Local

6:30 AM – 9:30 AM, 3:30 PM – 8:00 PM Monday – Friday

14 St-Canarsie Local

Nassau Street J Express

= No service, use A

Washington Heights/168 St, Manhattan – Euclid Avenue, Brooklyn; Local Jamaica Center, Queens – World Trade Center, Manhattan; Express in Queens, Local in Manhattan;

Local in Bronx and upper Manhattan, Express in midtown Manhattan and Brooklyn

Richmond Valley Atlantic

9:30 AM – 3:30 PM Monday – Friday

Rush Hours

Street M Nassau Local

N = Broadway Express Q =

Weekends

Late Nights

9:30 AM – 3:30 PM Monday – Friday

8:00 PM – 12 midnight Monday – Friday

6:30 AM – 12 midnight Saturday & Sunday

12 midnight – 6:30 AM Every day

Jamaica Center, Queens – Chambers St, Manhattan; Local; connect with = 4= 5= 6 at Chambers St

Time of day

Route

Rush Hours

6:30 AM – 9:30 AM, 3:30 PM – 8:00 PM Monday – Friday

Jamaica Center, Queens – Broad St, Manhattan; Local (to Chambers St only weekend nights)

7 Avenue 2 Express

AN H AC D

3 Av/149 St 161 St/Yankee Stadium 231 St 233 St Fordham Rd Gun Hill Road Pelham Bay Park Pelham Pkwy Simpson St

between Sutphin Blvd and Myrtle Av peak direction only

Avenue 3 7Express

Z service, use = J No =

Evenings

Weekends

Late Nights

6:30 AM – 12 midnight Saturday & Sunday

12 midnight – 6:30 AM Every day

Van Cortlandt Park/242 St, Bronx – South Ferry, Manhattan; Local Wakefield/241 St, Bronx – Flatbush Av, Brooklyn; Express in Manhattan; Local in Bronx and Brooklyn some rush hour trips to/from New Lots Av, Brooklyn

Harlem/148 St, Manhattan – New Lots Av, Brooklyn; Express in Manhattan; Local in Brooklyn

Av 4 Lexington Express

Astoria/Ditmars Blvd, Queens – Coney Island, Brooklyn; Local in Queens, Express in Manhattan and Brooklyn

Astoria/Ditmars Blvd, Queens – Coney Island, Brooklyn; Local in Queens and Manhattan, Express in Brooklyn

Av 5 Lexington Express

Nereid Av or Dyre Av, Bronx – Flatbush Av, Brooklyn; Express in Manhattan and Brooklyn; Express in Bronx, peak direction

Lexington Av 6 Local

Pelham Bay Park or Parkchester, Bronx – Brooklyn Bridge, Manhattan 6 to Parkchester, Local = fl to Pelham Bay Park, Express in Bronx, peak direction only; Local in Manhattan

7 Flushing Local

Flushing/Main St, Queens – Times Square, Manhattan 7 Local = ‡ Express peak direction only until 10PM ±

Midtown-57 St/7Av, Manhattan – Coney Island, Brooklyn; Express in Manhattan, Local in Brooklyn

R = Broadway Local

Brooklyn; Local; connect with = at 36 St. NOTE: skips N = or D 53 St and 45 St northbound

Regional ferry service is not provided by the MTA, but by a variety of public and private carriers.

only; some rush hour trips to/from Utica Av or New Lots Av, Brooklyn

=R = No service, use N

Franklin Av – Prospect Park, Brooklyn; Shuttle

Woodlawn, Bronx – Crown Heights/Utica Av, Brooklyn; Local in Bronx; Express in Manhattan and Brooklyn Note: skips 138 St, Bronx, rush hours in peak direction some rush hour trips to/from New Lots Av, Brooklyn

36 St – Bay Ridge/95 St,

Forest Hills/71 Av, Queens – Bay Ridge/95 St, Brooklyn; Local

Astoria/Ditmars Blvd, Queens – Whitehall St, Manhattan; Local until 9PM

Av S Franklin Shuttle

BQ =2345 Atlantic Av DMN =R = Atlantic Av-Pacific St 2345 Borough Hall (45 northbound only) 25 Brooklyn College/Flatbush Av L Canarsie/Rockaway Pkwy 25 Church Av DF N = Coney Island/Stillwell Av =Q BMQ =R = DeKalb Av AC Euclid Av JM Flushing Av CS Franklin Av JMZ Marcy Av S Park Pl = S Prospect Park BQ 34 Utica Av

8:00 PM – 12 midnight Monday – Friday

Metropolitan Av, Queens – Myrtle Av, Brooklyn; Local; connect with J = at Myrtle Av Astoria/Ditmars Blvd, Queens – Coney Island, Brooklyn; Local; via Lower Manhattan

Street S 42 Shuttle

14 St/8 Av 14 St/Union Sq 34 St/Herald Sq 34 St/Penn Station 34 St/Penn Station 42 St/8 Av (Port Authority Bus Terminal) 49 St northbound only 50 St/8 Av southbound only 51 St 66 St/Lincoln Center 72 St 125 St 125 St 168 St 175 St Bowling Green Brooklyn Bridge/City Hall Canal St Cortlandt St southbound only Grand Central/42 St Inwood/207 St Lexington Av/53 St Lexington Av/63 St Roosevelt Island Times Sq/42 St W 4 St/Wash Sq World Trade Center (elevator not in service due to long-term construction)

9:30 AM – 3:30 PM Monday – Friday

Metropolitan Av, Queens – Chambers St, Manhattan; Local

Metropolitan Av, Queens – Bay Parkway, Brooklyn; Local

BROOKLYN

21 St/Queensbridge 74 St-Broadway Flushing/Main Street Howard Beach/JFK Airport Jackson Hts/Roosevelt Av Jamaica/179 St Jamaica Center (Parsons/Archer) Jamaica/Van Wyck Junction Blvd Middle Village/Metropolitan Av Queens Plaza Rockaway Park/Beach 116 St Sutphin Blvd/Archer Av/JFK Airport Woodside/61 St

Av-Marcy Av peak direction only

J/= = Z skip-stop service

LIRR

Middays

Broadway/7 Av 1 Local

8 Av, Manhattan –Canarsie/Rockaway Parkway, Brooklyn; Local

Broadway Express

W = Broadway Local

Evenings

Jamaica Center, Queens – Jamaica Center, Queens – Jamaica Center, Queens – Broad St, Manhattan; Broad St, Manhattan; Broad St, Manhattan; Local, in Queens and Local Local, in Queens and Manhattan; Express, Myrtle Av- Manhattan; Express, Myrtle Marcy Av peak direction only

Nassau Street Z Express

Middays

25 BD4 1 25 4 25 6 25 25

QUEENS

AY

79

Av

ate

St

TA

M

PT

St

BL

VD

BL

y

LA

AV

HY

D

dR ailw a

AL

an

N

nI sl

O

Pleasant Plains

Tottenville

6:30 AM – 9:30 AM, 3:30 PM – 8:00 PM Monday – Friday

Rockaway Park S Shuttle Broad Channel–Rockaway Park/Beach 116 St, Queens, Local; connect with = A at Broad Channel 6 Avenue Bedford Park Blvd, Bronx – B Express 145 St, Manhattan – Brighton Brighton Beach, Brooklyn;

S56

Nassau

LV

ST

MO

16

D

8 Avenue C Local Avenue E 8Local

Huguenot

Prince's Bay

S74/84

HB

NE

AN

KI

55

St

50

E

BRONX

C

D LV

S55 X17 X19 CHARLESTON

ROCKAWAY PARK

JACOB RIIS PARK

M

V

B

ACEL LN =Q =R= W BDF= NQ =R =VW 123 ACE ACE RW = N= CE 6 1 123 ABCD 456 AC A 45 456 6 R =W = 4567 A EV F F N =Q =R =W1237 ABCDEFV E

CH

CH

GH

HI

S

I

ue

IN GIL E PARK HODG WAY MEM ORIAES BRID GE L

Av

St

en

E

TA

N

MANHATTAN

AS

MAR

NG

18

tm

Av

as

Av

LIN

ND

BEA

Y

W

PK

N

TO

IL

T HA M

FOR

Di

N

CH

LA

AC

AV

E

SID

RK

PA

TO

9 Av m Pk ilto w n y

H

E

Ha

IG

N

rt

R

LI

Fo

AV

AV

N

B

LT

V

EA

BI

A

C

ER

D

O

ER

ND

R

Y

VA

FO

W

AV

LV

RD

ED

D

U

RE

S55

A •S

A •S

N

C

UT

WOODROW

8 Avenue Express

Late Nights

A

For further information on accessible service, call 718-596-8585 from 6AM to 9PM daily. For information regarding the accessibility status of elevators and escalators, call 800-734-6772, 24 hours a day. Routes Station

BE

an

ate

St

Beach 105 St Rockaway Park Beach 116 St

W

A HY

ROSSVILLE

Time of day

Route

Weekends

Beach 44 St Beach 60 St

≤ Accessible Stations

A •S

A •S

MTA Bus Q22 Roxbury Bayswater Q113 Jamaica LI Bus N31 Hempstead N32 Hempstead N33 Long Beach

A

Beach 90 St

NE

S54 X7 X8

Evenings

A

DR

D Q22A GIRT BL V

Beach 67 St

Beach 98 St

CONEY ISLAND

Middays

SEA

A

Subway Service Guide Rush Hours

N

A

BE

A •S

D •F •N •Q

GREAT KILLS PARK

Eltingville Annadale

S

Broad Channel

EL

Far Rockaway Subway A

A

CH

CANARSIE

Canarsie Rockaway Pkwy

B

LA

PK

V

Great Kills

A

Beach 25 St Beach 36 St

JAMAICA BAY WILDLIFE REFUGE

AV

Inwood

Far Rockaway Mott Av A

AY

l a nd

Cedarhurst Lawrence Far Rockaway

Canarsie Rockaway Pkwy

Woodmere

AirTrain stops/ terminal numbers

MTA Bus Q7 Rockaway Blvd Q8 101 Av

AV

IS

N

A

AV

S57

Bay Terrace

2/3

NYC Transit Bus B13 Spring Creek–Williamsburg

D

EY

D

RTH

Staten Island Railway NYC Transit Bus S59 Port Richmond–Tottenville S79 SI Mall–Bay Ridge S89 Bayonne X1 West Midtown X4 Downtown Manhattan X5 East Midtown X6 West Midtown

RICHMONDTOWN

RD

5/6

4

AW

EN

JFK INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT

7 8/9

1

AN

n Is

R

ST

N

AL

9 AV

F OU

Eltingville

ARTH U R K I L L

Q3

Q10

S HWY

ST

15

O

N

EA

O

C

D

O

C

s

AV

PARK

ARDEN HEIGHTS

V UIT A

AIRT

KING

AV

O

E

C

M

THIRD AV

FOURTH AV

tic Highland lands • Atlan Belford

RIC H MOND

FRESH KILLS

COND

B15

A

BROOKLYN

N

FIFTH AV

Y ST

Ferries: High

STATEN ISLAND

MTA Bus Q7 City Line–JFK Cargo Area Q11 Elmhurst–Howard Beach or Hamilton Beach Q21 Rockaway Park Q41 Lindenwood Q112 Jamaica–Ozone Park

HOWARD BEACH

FL

3

Be

Gr

ic

nt

la

Un

RK

At

t

D• Av

e F• n S G t

rg

Be

YO

l

W

HENR

l F• St G

Botanic Garden

NE

ST

BIA ST

F e rr y

BERGEN ST

FOURTH A V

ST

rush 5 hours

rro

ST

Ca

L

COLUM

R EA

Subway A

Aqueduct Racetrack

Subway 3

L

Rosedale

Rockaway Blvd

CK

J •L

R

IA

Laurelton

QU EE NS NA SS AU

IL

LE

VD

A

Howard Beach JFK Airport

H Subway L t RC Sterling St p S U H NYC Transit Bus C F P 2 •5 ro S 4 •5 U NION ST Whitehall St B6 Bensonhurst–East New York th in BROOKLYN Av South Ferry South Ferry B17 Remsen Av W •5 h 4 BOTANIC Prospect 2 PARK 2 d rc B42 Rockaway Pkwy 1 1 R •W GARDEN R u SLOPE Park G B60 Wilson Av N IN T H S T BR OO C h •5 e r l y 5 v KL YN B •Q •S 9 ST A -BATTE 2 v B82 Coney Island–Spring PROSPECT RY TU RED v ith ts t NNEL B e •5 k i r k e A S PARK Creek Towers m F S HOOK g 2 7 S 9 F •G 9 •R lle ew D v – F •M t o N A 5 S C Court St/Borough Hall 2• Parkside Av 4 n Av Brooklyn College/ M 15 Park F FLATBUSH v y l = Subway MR2345 Q A PROSPECT AV GOVERNORS ok ush Prospect Av d Flatbush Av ct Staten Island Ferry ch o 2,3 and northbound 4,5 b R e r r ISLAND FLATB M •R p u USH A B lat y Subway 25 V Atlantic Av/Atlantic AvLIBERTY Jay St–Borough Hall F •5 os Rd C h •Q e r l e ISLAND FLATLANDS 2 u Pr B v Pacific St NYC Transit Bus Stadium Subway ACF Port Richmond lyo St. George Be H 2 5 (game days only) Long Island Rail Road B6 Bensonhurst–East New York Fort Hamilton AV Q rte NYC Transit Bus Av 25 St NYC Transit Bus Subway B =D =M= NQ =R = B11 49/50 Sts–Avenue J Pkwy Co NEW B25 Fulton St M •R irk k S40/S90 St. George/Howland Hook Q B41 Flatbush Av 2345 BRIGHTON F w B26 Halsey St Tompkinsville H GREENWOOD S53 Bay Ridge, Brooklyn B44 Nostrand Av N e •Q u e WEST NEW NYC Transit Bus B37 Third Av CEMETERY B S57 New Dorp BRIGHTON en MTA Bus B41 Flatbush Av B38 DeKalb Av S59 Tottenville Av MIDWOOD SNUG HARBOR Q35 Rockaway Park Av F Stapleton B45 St John’s Pl B41 Flatbush Av FLOYD Q CULTURAL CENTER S66 St. George via Jewett Av J PORT Kings Hwy/E 16 St ch B103 Canarsie 36 St BENNETT M e B45 St John’s Pl B63 Fifth Av BAYLEY RICHMOND ur S67 St. George via Willowbrook Rd FIELD Subway B =Q =MARINE AV SETON D •M •N •R nu E B51 City Hall AC B65 Dean/Bergen Sts Ch 3 9 S T B HOSPITAL RIC H M N D TERR ve F PARK Clifton O SILVER A NYC Transit Bus N B52 Gates Av B67 Seventh Av V WE ST LAKE A O PORT Q S51 MARINERS E N D LI N E F M ST ST PARK B2 Avenue R RE 45 St B54 Myrtle Av e R HOWLAND IVORY HARBOR FO u A N SUNSET HOOK R F B7 Kings Highway B57 Flushing Av D en •M ROSEBANK v PARK D WESTERLEIGH A B31 Gerritsen Av B61 Red Hook–Queens Plaza CLOVE AV Q M F LAKES B82 Coney Island–Spring B65 Dean/Bergen Sts FOX wy Grasmere D• BOROUGH 53 St PARK HILLS Creek Towers B67 Seventh Av sH PARK y U Staten Island Railway R CASTLETON M D SSWA Y ng AV Ba wy F B75 Ninth St PR E N D• MTA Bus EX CORNERS NYC Transit Bus K i •Q ND B ue P Pk LA B100 Mill Basin MTA Bus D Z Staten Island Mall S53 Bay Ridge–Port Richmond 59 St n IS Y BLV R M O V N T e C I U • e V E A D N •R VE B103 Canarsie AT e y Av enu RR ST 61 ST SEA BEACH LINE 6 3 ST u NYC Transit Bus Grasmere AZ w n F y AN Sheepshead Bay e H Av O -N S44/94 St. George via Cary Av Ba TODT v AR Av F ngs Subway B =Q = BULLS on Av N Av N Av RO Rd d S55 Huguenot via Annadale Rd Q HILL WS t A N St ilt wy N 8 N New Dorp HEAD Ki ea 18 BR ck 20 ch S56 Huguenot via Woodrow Rd IDG Old Town NYC Transit Bus wy N Bay Ridge Av am Pk COLLEGE OF F sh E Ne re Staten Island Railway 6 2 D •M U STATEN ISLAND Pk S59 Port Richmond–Tottenville R ep SHEEPSHEAD B4 Bay Ridge Pkwy tH Q Ut e BAY M NYC Transit Bus or ay s heQ DONGAN w S61/91 St. George via Bradley Av nu B36 Coney Island CHELSEA F g B S e e y • HILLS n W S57 Port Richmond N B S79 Bay Ridge via Hylan Blvd B49 Ocean Av Av Ki Hw N E S T Dongan Hills 77 St X M S76/86 Oakwood NEW F • 8 S89 Eltingville–Bayonne BAY RIDGE BENSONHURST D ST R SPRINGVILLE SEA ue 86 St/4 Av Brighton Beach PARK VIEW Av X17 East Midtown en STATEN = e Subway R HOSPITAL B •Q Jefferson Av Avenue U Av BRIGHTON X31 East Midtown ISLAND Coney Island M un F 86 ST 86 ST BEACH N B 86 St MALL D• pt NYC Transit Bus Stillwell Av Grant City R Ne 86 St B16 Ft Hamilton Pkwy M Bay Pkwy/86 St M 25 Av Ocean Pkwy F === Subway D =FNQ F S51/81 D• N M B37 Third Av D Q SubwayD =M M Bay Ridge D• NYC Transit Bus D• B63 Fifth Av DYKER Bay 50 95 St St New Dorp NYC Transit Bus BREEZY B36 Sheepshead Bay BEACH B64 Bath Av R D POINT PARK West B1 86 St 8 St B64 Bath Av D S53 Port Richmond NY Aquarium B6 Bensonhurst–East New York NEW B68 Coney Island Av S79 SI Mall via Hylan Blvd DORP F •Q Coney Island B82 Coney Island–Spring B74 Mermaid Av S93 Willowbrook BEACH Stillwell Av D F LA TOURETTE Oakwood Heights Creek Towers B82 Spring Creek Towers

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Open 11am-7pm on racing days

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East 105 St

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MTA Bus Q6 JFK Postal Facility Q8 City Line Locust Q9 S. Ozone Park Manor Q25 College Point Q34 Whitestone Q40 South Jamaica Q41 Lindenwood Q60 Manhattan–South Jamaica Q65 College Point AIRTRAIN

L B15 JFK Airport

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NYC Transit Bus Q1 Queens Village or Bellerose Q2 Belmont Park Q3 JFK Airport 0 Q17 Flushing Q30 Little Neck (169 St only) Q31 Bayside (169 St only) Q36 Floral Park Q43 Floral Park Q75 Oakland Gardens Q76 College Point Q77 Springfield Gardens

PK

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Subway LM

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Shea Stadium

11

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MTA Bus KISSENA Q11 HowardPARK Bch or Hamilton Bch Q29 Jackson Heights–Glendale Q38 Middle Village Q53 Woodside–Rockaway Park

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7 • Q48 LGA Airport 7 • Q48 LGA Airport 1

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MTA Bus Q39 Ridgewood Q60 Manhattan–South Jamaica Q67 Middle Village Q69 Jackson Heights Q100 Rikers Island Q101 Manhattan–Astoria Q102 Astoria–Roosevelt Island

CALVARY CEMETERY

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BLVD

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Willets Point Shea Stadium

S EEN Bl 46 S QU i 4 7 7 ss S t 3 L 0 t 7 3S 7 ow St t-R er y aw Queens Plaza St so Queensboro Plaza n St Subway EG= NNEW R =VW7 =

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FINANCIAL DISTRICT

IN

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MTA Bus Q33 82/83 Sts LGA Airport Q47 (except Marine Air Terminal) Q45 69 St Q47 73/74 Sts LGA Airport Q47 (Marine Air Terminal only) Q49 East Elmhurst Q53 Woodside–Rockaway Park

Q7

ST

AV

LEWIS

MTA Bus Q25 Jamaica–College Pt Q34 Jamaica–Whitestone Q65 Jamaica–College Pt Q66 Long Island City QBx1 Co-op City

NYC Transit Bus Q12 Little Neck Q13 Ft Totten Q14 Whitestone Q15 Beechhurst Q16 Ft Totten Q17 Jamaica Q19 Astoria Q20A/B College Pt–Jamaica W HI Auburndale Q26 TE ST Q27 Cambria Heights O N E Q28 Bay Terrace Q44 Bronx Zoo–Jamaica Q48 LaGuardia Airport 0 Q58 Ridgewood

Q3

82

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2

KENT A V

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Chambers St J •M •Z

4 •5 •6

H

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Brooklyn Bridge City Hall

TC

AIN

VERNON BLVD

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6 Additional express

B

See Service Guide below for details about specific lines

Plandome

6 Normal service

Subway 7

NYC Transit Bus Q32 Midtown Manhattan

Q33

Port Washington

Free subway transfer Free out-of-system subway transfer (excluding singleride ticket)

Part time Full time service service

visit www.mta.info

FRANCIS

Jackson Heights 74 St–Roosevelt Av

LVD RIA B

Police

Local service only All trains stop (local and express service)

Flushing–Main St

Subway EFGRV7

LIR R

E•

St E34 int o ies: Ferr ters P n Hu

AD

HITESTON

VD

n io e at m S t N a A •C

April 2008

Bee-Line 60 White Plains 61 Port Chester O N X Plains 62BRWhite -W

L SB

Part-time line extension

The subway operates 24 hours a day, but not all lines operate at all times. For more information, call our Travel Information Center (6AM to 10PM) at 718-330-1234. NonEnglish-speaking customers call 718-330-4847 (6AM to 10PM).

© 2008 Metropolitan Transportation Authority Design: Michael Hertz Associates, NYC

NYC Transit Bus Bx5 Story Av/Bruckner Blvd Bx6 Hunts Point Bx19 Southern Blvd/E 149 St

R MA

Subway in four boroughs, buses in five boroughs, and the MTA Staten Island Railway

To show service more clearly, geography on this map has been modified.

NYC Transit Bus Bx9 B’way/Kingsbridge Rd Bx12 Pelham Pkwy/ Fordham Rd Bx15 Third Av/125 St Bx17 Crotona/Prospect Avs Bx22 Castle Hill Av Bx41 Webster Av/W. Plains Rd Bx55 Third Av

D

EF

Hunters Point Av

MS

AV

RY

LVD NB

ES

BA W

EL

pr

M

O

Key MTA New York City Transit

Fordham Plaza Metro-North

JACKSON HEIGHTS

V

7•LIRR

BR

ST

TO

CH

RD

ST

NS

Cy

CANAL ST AY

W EB

JM

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BL

M

B •D

CHINATOWN

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R •W

EA

AI

AV

ST

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NG

PL

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KN

HI

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PROS

NC

F

Wall St 4 •5

Rector St

R•

7

LIA

UC

AS

L A CON

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DELA

WIL

BR

THROGS NECK BRIDGE

Subway 6

DI

Grand St

A •C •J •M •Z 2 •3 •4 •5

R •W

1

BATTERY PARK CITY

LOWER EAST SIDE

st dw Ea roa B

Rector St

V

NYC Transit Bus Bx4 Westchester Av Bx14 Country Club Bx36 Soundview Bx39 Clason Pt Q44 Bronx Zoo–Jamaica

LAGUARDIA AIRPORT

N• Av W

N •W •7

Long Island City

Subway 6

Y

M60 Q33 Q47 Q48 Q72

G

N• Av W

F

Fulton St Broadway-Nassau

E

s-bound

F•

ST

(Temporarily Closed)

Staten Island Railway NYC Transit Bus S40/90 Howland Hook via Richmond Terr S42 St Marks Pl S44/94 SI Mall via Cary Av Ho bo S46/96 Castleton Av ke n• L ib S48/98 Forest Av ert Pau lu S51/81 Grant City yL an s Ho S52 South Beach din ok Por t Li g ber S61/91 SI Mall via Bradley Av té • Lib S62/92 Victory Blvd erty Har S66 Pt Richmond via Jewett Av bor S67 Pt Richmond via Watchogue Rd S74/84 Tottenville via Richmond Rd ELLIS S76/86 Oakwood ISLAND S78 Tottenville via Hylan Blvd

36

39

EAST RIVER PARK

V

AL L EN

1

AV A

2 •3

Cortlandt St Cortlandt St

NYC Transit Bus M1 Fifth/Madison Avs M6 Broadway/Sixth Av M15 First/Second Avs

2 ST

F•

J

Park 6 Place WTC

D•

ry we B o •M •Z

CHUR C H ST

ST

St. George

6

R •W

ST

23 45

J •M •N •Q R •W •Z •6

G•

N •W

N 7 ST

4 ST

S

ASTO

Broadway

Vernon Blvd Jackson Av

AV D

ST

WE

1 •2 •3

World Trade Center

E WTC Site

B•

6 LITTLE ITALY

Chambers St A •C City Hall

AIN

M60

N •W

G

AV B

ICK

A •C •E

PL

ASTORIA

30 Av

E •V

EAST 8 ST VILLAGE

Spring St

SOHO

GRAND ST

Canal St Canal St

E

RIKERS ISLAND

N •W

41 AV

Parkchester PW

Hunts Point Av

M60 LGA Airport

Av 1 L

2 AV

VA R

SIX TH AV

N •R •W

C •E

AV

Astoria Blvd

21 St

HOUSTO N ST

Spring St

1

Subway ACJMZ

6

ST

Prince St

IT

1 AV

BLEECKER

Chambers St

BATTERY PARK CITY

1 AV

A•B•C•D•E•F•V NOHO

Franklin St

Broadway–Nassau Fulton Street

Y ER W BO TE ST L AFAYET

W 4 St Wash Sq

1

TRIBECA

6

N •R •W

H

East River

23 ST

Astor Pl

WASHINGTON SQUARE PARK

HUNTS POINT

N •W

3 AV

ST

1

Canal St

8 St NYU

8 ST

9 St

1 2 3

ST LT ON ST NG SPRI

CAN AL ST

2 AV

PARK

CHAR

St

Y

IC H

VER

HOUS

ST TO N

WA

ON RI

E NW

T TS

GRE

HUDS

WES

rs Yonke straw Hav er

PATH

er St toph Sq Chrisheridan 1 S

GREENWICH VILLAGE Houston

F •V

W4 ST

RS T

P A R K AV S

14 St

14 St

W

N

EX

NYC Transit Bus Bx4 Westchester Av Bx5 Story Av/Bruckner Blvd Bx11 George Washington Bridge Bx19 Southern Blvd/E 149 St Bx27 Clason Point Bx35 George Washington Bridge

6

GREENPOINT

5 4• W •W R • •R v Q • •Q N • •N 3 A L L• L

VIE

Astoria Ditmars Blvd

6

6

ND

OW

6

6

W

ET

Westchester Sq East Tremont Av

Castle Hill Av

T AV

SOUNDVIEW

Hunts Point Av

21 St Queensbridge

Hunters Point

OU

DL

Zerega Av

St Lawrence Av

6

ID

6

Subway 25

LONG ISLAND CITY

28 St

O

B 23 St NRW D

F •V

• •

KE

MADISON AV

23 St

V

6

Longwood Av

7

6

TA

Parkchester

6

45 Rd Court House Sq G

QUEENS MIDTOWN TUNNEL

6

Simpson St

23 St–Ely Av

EV

M

20 AV

UNITED NATIONS

33 St

AD

23 St

1

5 AV

N •R •W

18 St

L

EC

3 AV

28 St

B •D •F N •Q •R •V •W

CHELSEA

6

33 St

14 St F 123 GREE A V NWIC HA V CE BLE

Christopher St

Bklyn Bridge–City Hall

B •D •F •V

R

1

1

K ST

6

B •D •F •V

B

11 AV

S E VE N T H A V

AV

rry

B AN

51 St50 ST

6

NYC Transit Bus Bx4 Westchester Av Bx8 Throgs Neck Bx14 Country Club–Parkchester Bx21 Boston Rd–Morris Park Av Bx31 Eastchester Rd Bx40 Throgs Neck Bx42 Throgs Neck

RD

d

n

Subway 6

Buhre Av

NYC Transit Bus Bx2 Grand Concourse Bx4 Westchester Av Bx15 Third Av/125 St Bx19 Southern Blvd/E 149 St Bx21 Morris Pk Av/Boston Rd Bx41 Webster Av/W. Plains Rd Bx55 Third Av

59 ST QUEENSBORO BRIDGE

ROOSEVELT ISLAND

6

6

POR

ST

Queensboro Plaza

Lexington Av/53 St E•V

ON

Subway 25

TRAMWAY

4 •5 •6

E •V

SIXTH AV

E I GHTH AV

12

en Fe

28 St

23 St

A •C •E

== Subway RW

PATH

F

5 Av 4 Grand Central 42 St 7 42 St Bryant Pk 5 S•4•5•6•7•Metro-North

1•2•3•LIRR

C •E

N •R •W

5 3 ST

47–50 Sts Rockefeller Ctr

Penn 34 St Station Herald Sq

23 St

4,5,6 only

t or ok Ho

S

9 AV

10 AV

hawk

Wee

A•C•E•LIRR

NYC Transit Bus M1 Fifth/Madison Avs M6 Broadway/Sixth Av M15 First/Second Avs M22 Madison St M103 Third/Lexington Avs B51 Downtown Brooklyn

wp Ne lus u Pa

n-bound

Times Sq

Subway JMZ456

HOLLAN D TUNNEL

N •R •W

AY

7

34 St Penn Station

City Hall

PATH

66 ST

63 ST

5 Av/59 St 59 St

F

42 St A •C •E N •Q •R •S •W •1 •2 •3 •7 except S 34 St

JAVITS CENTER

23 ST

PATH

IT

6

EM

CITY ISLAND

Westchester Square East Tremont Av

Pelham Bay Park

PARKCHESTER 2

Elder Av

RANDALLS ISLAND

t el ev d os lan Ro Is F

68 St Hunter College

5 Av/53 St

49 St

DW

42 St Port Authority Bus Terminal

SOUTH

57 St

N •Q •R •W

OA

12 AV

1

L

=== QRVW

PARK

57 St-7 Av

BR

50 St

C •E

14 St

NYC Transit Bus M4 5th/Madison Avs M5 Riverside Dr/5 Av/6 Av M6 B’way/Sixth Av M7 Columbus/Amsterdam Avs M16 34 St Crosstown M34 34 St Crosstown Q32 Jackson Hts

WH

EIG H T H A V

50 St

NJTransit • Amtrak

= Subway BDFN

72 ST

TR

E

with bus, railroad, and ferry connections

Bee-Line 45 Eastchester

6

3 Av–149 St

Av

CENTRAL

53 ST

34 Street-Herald Sq

YORK AV

6 CENTRAL PARK

AM

6

6

NY Airport Service 0 Newark Airport Express

N•R•W 60 ST

southbound only

Weehawken Lincoln Harbor

79 ST

77 St

LH

Morrison Sound View Avs S

6

Lexington Av/59 St

50 ST

LINCOLN TUNNEL

UPPER EAST SIDE

L EXINGTON AV

METROPOLITAN MUSEUM OF ART

B •C

U G H BR I DGE

4 •5 •6

B •C

trak

Am

UN I ON

6

ORO

86 St

86 St

66 ST

A •B •C •D •1

Subway ACE123

RIB

6

OR

6

E 149 St

NYC Transit Bus M1 5th/Madison Avs M2 5th/Madison Avs M3 5th/Madison Avs M4 5th/Madison Avs M5 Riverside Dr/5 Av/6 Av M42 42 St Crosstown M98 Washington Hts M101 Third/Lex Avs M102 Third/Lex Avs M103 Third/Lex Avs M104 Broadway Q32 Jackson Hts/Penn Station X25 Downtown Manhattan

SECOND AV

MANHATTA N

PARK AV

B •C

96 St

M

6

Subway S4567

103 St

THE BRONX

Y

Middletown Rd

Whitlock Av

Grand Central Terminal Metro-North Railroad FIRST AV

5 6

PE

W

AV K AR LIAMP SBRID G E RD S RI

6

k oo T

6

6

6

81 St–Museum of Natural History

6 6

6

Br

116 St

2 •3 2 •3

96 St

59 St Columbus Circle

l

EAST HARLEM

Central Park North (110 St) 4 110 St

1

Penn Station Long Island Rail Road

S AV ST ANN

116 St

2 3

WEST SIDE

eria

T H I RD A V

4 •5 •6

6

B •C

AV

Harlem 125 St

B •C

72 St

NA

LaGuardia Airport

125 St

MADISON AV

66 St Lincoln Center

6 M60

on gt t xin 3 S Le v/6 F A

1 •2 •3

E 138 ST

2 •3

125 St

2•3 • M60

FIFTH AV

72 St

4 •5

3 Av 138 St BRUCKNER EXPWY

103 St

1 2 3

AV

Amtrak

1

AV

138 St–Grand Concourse

4

135 St

B •C

COLUMBUS AV

END

79 St

S

Cathedral Pkwy (110 St)

CEN TR AL P A R K WE ST

B R O ADWAY

1

LA

2 •5

3

THIRD AV

WEST

86 St

HO

R AV

St 1 um 16 tadi S

ee

B •C

A C B D

96 St

NIC

2 •5

MOTT HAVEN

AV

PK

WIL

17

2 •5

3 Av–149 St

G

V

MTA New York City Subway

MTA Bus QBx1 Co-op City–Flushing

Morris Park

Simpson St

163 ST 2 •5 nd ra Prospect Av –G se St ur 2 •5 9 co Jackson Av 1 4 o n •5 C •4 THE HUB 2•5

4

145 St

HARLEM

116 St

WEBSTE

Y

125 St

A •B •C •D

AV

1

UPPER WEST SIDE

Edg Wee ew haw ate r La ken/P ndin ort Imp g

NYC Transit Bus M4 5th/Madison Avs M10 Central Park West M16 34 St Crosstown M20 7th/8th Avs M34 34 St Crosstown Q32 Jackson Hts NJ Transit • Amtrak Newark Airport Express • NY Airport Service 0

103 St

1 •2 •3

Subway ACE NYC Transit Bus M10 Central Park West M11 9th/10th Avs M16 34 St Crosstown M20 7th/8th Avs M27 49/50 Sts Crosstown M42 42 St Crosstown M104 Broadway Newark Airport Express • NY Airport Service • NJ Transit • Other commuter & longdistance buses

HW

1

Port Authority Bus Terminal

135 ST

B •C

M60 LaGuardia Airport

1

RIVERSIDE DR

NYC Transit Bus M6 B’way/Sixth Av M7 Columbus/Amsterdam Avs M10 Central Park West M20 7th/8th Avs M27 49/50 Sts Crosstown M42 42 St Crosstown M104 Broadway

3

145 ST

ST

Cathedral Pkwy (110 St )

D•

Freeman St

Intervale Av

RIN

WA

NA

5

5

25

E 169 ST

TO ER

Pelham Pkwy

2

MORRISANIA

Melrose

ALL

5

NT AV

2 •5

Y

Metro-North

Gun Hill Rd 5

5

5

2

M60 LaGuardia Airport

116 St Columbia University

B •D

TREMO

174 St

EMONT P K W

B •D

167 St

3

135 St

AMSTERDAM

Times Sq–42 St

Subway N =Q =R =S= W 1237 except S

125 ST

4

R CLA

170 St

4

B•

(LENOX AV) M A L C O L M X B LVD

1

D

HIGHBRIDGE

D

ADAM CLAYTON POWELL BLVD (7AV)

125 St

ST NICHOLAS AV

1

NYC Transit Bus Bx15 Third Av/125 St M35 Wards Island M60 LaGuardia Airport 0 M98 Wshngtn Hts/Midtown M100 Amsterdam Av/B’way M101 Third/Lex Avs M103 Third/Lex Avs

B •D

167 St

AV

2 5

2 •5

Tremont

TREMONT

rush hours

170 St

B rush hours

D

Tremont Av

nk

145 St

A •B •C •D

B•

180 ST

B •D

Harlem 148 St FREDERICK DOUGLASS BLVD

B

BR O AD WAY

Subway 456

C

B •D

B

4

E

2 •5

174–175 Sts

Mt Eden Av

RK

BRONX Bronx Park W ZOO East 2 •5 E est Tr Fa em rm on s S tA q E 180 St 2 v •5

182–183 Sts

4

BU

2 •5

Fordham

FORDHAM

4

Ya

E DR

145 St 1

4

176 St

er

AV

157 St 1

1

Burnside Av

WASHINGTON BRIDGE

A •C •1 A •C

B •D

CITY

BAYCHESTER

Pelham Pkwy

Fordham Rd

183 St 4

HIGHBRIDGE PARK

181 St

Gun Hill Rd

GE

B •D

4

RD

AM

Morris Heights

168 St

137 St City College

125 St/Metro-North

1

1

C RIVERSID

NJ Transit Red & Tan Lines

Dyckman St 1

191 St

SH FT WA

Amtrak E PARK RIVERSID

RIVERBANK STATE PARK

1

DH

GR ANT

A

WASHINGTON HEIGHTS

Fordham Rd FOR

UNIVERSITY HTS BR

2 •5

Kingsbridge Rd

4

University Heights

207 St

V

4

Kingsbridge Rd

1

iv Harlem R

175 St

Subway A1 A only NYC Transit Bus Bx3 University Av Bx7 Riverdale Av/B’way Bx11 Clrmnt Pkwy/170 St Bx13 Ogden Av Bx35 E 167 St Bx36 E174 St M4 Fifth/Madison Avs M5 Riverside Dr/5 Av/6 Av M98 Midtown M100 Amsterdam Av/B’way

EA

AY AV B ROADW N TO NG

SHI FORT WA

George Washington Bridge Bus Station 175 St/181 St

GL

A

A

G

ID

5

222 ST

219 St

CROTO

NA

Y

A

190 St 181 St

ID

W

Dyckman St

A

BR

AY

1

A

GEO. WASHINGTON BRIDGE

W

225 St

Botanical Garden

1

215 St

Inwood 207 St

A

D OA R

25 S T

Marble Hill 225 St

Marble Hill E

B

C

Baychester Av CO-OP

ORCHARD BEACH

NYC Transit Bus Bx5 Bruckner Blvd/Story Av Bx12 Pelham Pkwy/Bay Plaza Bx12 Orchard Beach Bx14 Country Club–Parkchester Bx29 Bay Plaza–City Island

Bee-Line 40 Westchester Med Ctr 41 WestchesterV Med Ctr A W 42 New Rochelle

5

Norwood 205 St D Burke Av 2 •5 Bedford Pk Blvd B •D Allerton Av

4

Bedford Pk Blvd Lehman College 2

3

225 ST

2 •5

Williams Bridge

D

1 KINGSBRIDGE

AV

231 St

1

M e tr o - N o r t h

4

PK

NYC Transit Bus M100 B'way/Amsterdam Av Bx7 Riverdale Av/Broadway Bx12 Pelham Pkwy/Fordham Rd Bx20 Marble Hill/Riverdale

IN

K SO

PAR

Mosholu Pkwy

V A N C O RTL A N D T

238 St

IRW

Woodlawn

VAN CORTLANDT PARK

23

2 •5

233 St 2 •5

4

LU

Subway A

SHO

Spuyten Duyvil

Inwood–207 St

1

Nereid Av

5 Woodlawn

MO

Metro-North

EPEN D E N CE AV

V PA LISADE A

231 ST

AY

RIVERDALE

NYC Transit Bus Bx7 Riverdale Av/Broadway Bx9 Broadway/Kingsbridge Rd Bx20 Inwood/Riverdale

1

Van Cortlandt Park 242 St

I ND

Marble Hill–225 St Subway 1

Bee-Line 4 Yonkers 20 White Plains 21 White Plains

NYC Transit Bus CITY PWebster Bx41 Av/White Plains Rd O-O

Eastchester Dyre Av

W

DW W 254 S T

Bee-Line 1 Yonkers/Hastings 1C Westchester Cty Comm Coll 1T Tarrytown 1W White Plains 2 Yonkers 3 White Plains

5 ST

Subway 6

RT

OA

Riverdale

NYC Transit Bus Bx10 Riverdale Bx16 E 233 St/Nereid Av Bx28 E Gun Hill Rd Bx30 Boston Rd/E Gun Hill Rd Bx34 Bainbridge Av

Pelham Bay Park

Subway 2 EASTCHESTER

PO

BR

AV

N

NYC Transit Bus Bx16 E 233 St/Nereid Av Bx34 Bainbridge Av

Metro-No rth

LE

NYC Transit Bus Bx9 Broadway/West Farms Sq

PELHAM BAY PARK

Wakefield–241 St

2

Subway D

IN

DA

Subway 4

BA

ER

Van Cortlandt Pk–242 St Subway 1

Wakefield 241 St

Norwood–205 St

Metro-No rth

RIV

28

2

Wakefield

Woodlawn

Dyre Av, Bronx – Bowling Green, Manhattan; Local in Bronx; Express in Manhattan

Wakefield/241 St, Bronx – Flatbush Av, Brooklyn; Local No service: Free transfer between = 2 and M7, M102 or shuttle bus at 135 St

Woodlawn, Bronx – New Lots Av, Brooklyn; Local Dyre Av – E 180 St, Bronx; Local; transfer to = 2 at E 180 St

Pelham Bay Park, Bronx – Brooklyn Bridge, Manhattan; Local

Flushing/Main St, Queens – Times Square, Manhattan; Local

Times Square – Grand Central, Manhattan; Shuttle

No service, use = 7


HOUSTON STREET Kevin Chin Kwok Lim Gary Huafan He Wendy Tsai 29


30

Brooklyn


31


32


33


34

Sky Well Tombs

Mourning Space Cafe

Cremation

Graves Private Funeral

Funeral Service

Tombs

Graves Tombs

Wake Space Wake Space

Graves Restaurant

Tombs

Graves Private Reception Gallery 2

Public Entry

Cafe Event Seating

Public Reception Death Gallery

Residential Lob

Commercial

F/V Line

T-Line

Tombs Cemetery Admin

Park


35

bby

Residential Lobby ADA / Ramp

1st Ave

Sports / Recreation

Morgue / Body Prep

king

SECTION 1:400


36

a. Above-Grade Burial Stacked

d. Below-Grade Burial Single Plot

b. Cremation Urns Stacked

e. Below-Grade Burial Single Plot + View / Greenery

c. Above-Grade Burial Singular

f. Below-Grade Burial Family Plot + View / Greenery

f

g. Private Tomb Space

Burial Typologies

Ceme


37

Mausoleum

a

b

Funeral Procession

Mausoleum / Park

Cemetery / Landscape

e

d

Cemetery

c g Cemetery / Park

etery / Park Floor Variations

Tomb

Mausoleum / Tombs

Cafe / Dining


38


39

Crematorium / Sky Lobby

Private Funeral Space

Public Funeral Spaces

Wake Spaces

FUNERAL TOWER Private Reception / Cafe


40

Columbario + Park

Tower 2 Transformation : Columbario + Cemetery

Cafe

Tower 2 Transformation : Funeral Space

Cemetery + Park

Apartment Types 1:200

Funeral Service

Residential

TOWER 1

TOWER 2


41

Tower 3 Transformation : Columbario + Cemetery

Tower 3 Transformation : Columbario

Hotel

Residential

TOWER 3

PLANS 1:400


42


43


44

A. 1” thick non-operable window; 1/4” pressed glass with embedded fiber filter, 1/4” low-E laminated glass B. 1” thick non-operable window; 1/4” laminated glass with embedded metal mesh, 1/4” low-E laminated glass C. 1” thick swing window; 1/4” low-E laminated glass, charcoal-colored fiberglass mesh screen D. 1” thick operable stone panel E. 1” thick pop-open window; 1/4” pressed glass with embedded fiber filter, 1/4” low-E laminated glass F. Balcony facade/awning; 1/8” flexible metal mesh operated by a concealed overhead-mounted mororized reel.


45

Facade

Program

Transformation / Time


46

A

B

C

D

E

Motorcade Meets Subway Residential Lobby Playground

Residential Lobby

Lightwell

Event / Stepped Seating

Reflecting Pool Building Cores Public Reception

Public Entry

Local Train Platform

Commercial

Death Gallery

Service Dock / Entry Funeral Platform #1

Express Train Platform

SUNK


47

F Procession

T-Line Corpse Delivery

Public Space ADA Access

KEN PLAZA

Underground


48

C.

B. A.

Structure / Enclosure

Se Subway Split

Street Access

Se

Sunken Event

Se


49

F

ection A.

Death Gallery / Public Funeral Reception

ection B.

Event Seating / Step-down Cafe

ection C.

Subterannean Sports / Recreation Facility


50


51


52


53


54


55


56


34ST STREET Mariela Alvarez Day Jimenez Jenny Kononenko Asdren Matoshi 57


58

food storage cow living raw milk collection distribution

Lab Ice-Cream

Hydroponic

Milk

Education

Education

Waste Plant

Yogurt

processing

blending

standardization

pasteurization

pasteurization

pasteurization

homogenization

homogenization

homogenization

cooling

aging

cooling

packaging

flavoring

culturing

freezing

heating

packaging

flavoring packaging


59

15 14 13 12 11 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 -1 -2 -3 -4 -5 -6 -7 -8 -9 -10 -11 -12 -13 -14 -15

park tunnel & bridge highways subway ports

37

36

35

34 .8 km to queens


60

OVERVIEW AXON NTS


61


62

PRODUCTION/CONSUMPTION NETWORK DIAGRAM

PRODUCTION/CONSUMPTION NETWORK AXON NTS

3240 sqm

600

3000 acres

=

2225 sqm

LAB hydroponic =

Hydroponic

600 SQM

2750 KG Ice-Cream

3760 SQM

7600 BOTTLES

18400 SQM

5625 sqm

160 sqm

160 SQM

Education

Education

2400 SQM

13500 L/DAY

Milk 160 SQM Education

3600 SQM

600 SQM

Waste Plant

2750 L

2190000 KG/YR 109500 M OF GAS/YR

22500 SQM

22500 SQM

Yogurt

22500 SQM

PRODUCTION/CONSUMPTION CONNECTIVITY DIAGRAM NTS

process above_ below surface semi-flexible visible

products above_ below surface semi-flexible visible

feces intra surface rigid not visible

energy intra surface flexible capacity to move up_down not visible

water intra surface flexible capacity to move up_down not visible


63

SURFACE AXON NTS

ferry terminal

loading dock

truck circulation exit point

residential tower 3

supermarket

production tower

residential tower 2

hay tower

residential tower 1

drive through quicki-mart

cow tower

sunken plaza/ subway connection

walkthrough quicki-mart subway, upper level

subway, lower level


64

INDUSTRIAL FACADES NTS

north

east

west

south

east

north

west

south

east

cow tower

north

hay tower

west

south

production tower

RESIDENTIAL FACADES NTS

east

north

west

south

residential tower cow

east

north

west

south

residential tower hay

east

north

west

south

residential tower product


65

cow facade detail 1: 50

residential facade detail 1: 50

facade elevation rendering


66

RESIDENTIAL FACADE DETAIL NTS

a

b

c

d


d

67

c

d b a

e

e


68

SITE PLAN NTS

SURFACE ELEVATION NTS


69


70

INDUSTRIAL TOWERS NTS

sleeping

educational

water

grazing milking

methane plant

cow tower

hay towe


er

71

circulation core

milk bar

hydroponic lab

educational

homogenization

packing

laboratory

produce tower


72

DETAIL SURFACE SECTION NTS

subway, sunken plaza a

hay building, kitchens, offices c

RENDERINGS


73

c

b

d e a

highway, sunken truck circulation, bar, residential tower 1 b

sunken truck circulation, residential tower 2, supermarket, production tower d

ferry dock, industrial port e


74

GROUND LEVEL PLAN NTS

SUBTERRANEAN PLAN NTS


75


76

RESIDENTIAL TOWERS NTS

APARTMENT ORGANIZATION AXONS NTS

apt. layout

travel distance

mechanical living space

leisure living space

tubes

park typology

TRAVEL DISTANCE DIAGRAM NTS

THE HIGHWAY

10.75m/morning

8.44m/morning

6.93m/morning


77

apt. layout

travel distance

mechanical living space

leisure living space

tubes

apt. layout

travel distance

mechanical living space

leisure living space

street typology

tubes highway typology

THE STREET

THE PARK

30.13m/morning

28.9m/morning

28.66m/morning

26.64m/morning

11.89m/morning

11.88m/morning


78


79


80


125ST STREET Nazli Usta Veronica Franzese Jennifer Rector 81


82


83


84

125th street_east harlem Veronica Franzese, Jennifer Rector and Nazli Usta

Existing Zoning and Bulk R7-2 / C4-4 C4-7 M1-2 C4-4A R7-A/C2-4 C4-4D C6-3 Potential Cultural uses in revised R7-A/C2-4 area

Proposed Zoning_Maximum Buildout

Map of Cultural Institution for profit | not for profit

Columbia University Expansion_bridging 125th St.

media music visual arts theatre dance books film botanical garden

to the Bronx to New York Botanical Garden

to Randall’s Island


85

m The Existing Greenbelt_ New York City Parks and Recreation

the site

Public Housing Facilities

ns 125th st rezoning area

Community Garden

DCP proposed special cultural district

proposed view of West 129th St. and Broadway

proposed view of revitalized 130th Street

proposed view of 131st Street and Broadway looking West


86

SIte program

Park _

New York City Parks a total area: 306,944 sf

Bx 15

4, 5, 6

from Fordham Plaza

to the Bronx

Bx 15

to Fordham Plaza via 3rd Ave.

60

to LaGuardia Airport

Bx15

60

from Martin Luther King Blvd (west)

to LaGuardia Airport

101

from N. Manhattan

100

35

from N. Manhattan destination_125th at 2nd

to Ward’s Island

4, 5, 6

to Brooklyn

103

from City Hall

103

101

to City Hall to Cooper Union

T Line

15

to Brooklyn from Whitehall

101

from Cooper Union

15

to Whitehall


and Recreation

87

Auto _

Privately Owned various automotive-related services and retail venues

Wagner Houses_Federal Public Housing no. of buildings: 22 (all residential) no. of apartments: 2154 no. of people: 5132 total area: 987,728 sf other amenities: Community Center, Day Care Center, Senior Center

Playground _ jointly owned total area: 86,550 sf

Bus Depot _ NYC Transit Authority total area: 103512 sf stores MTA buses including those for the M15 (busiest bus route in US)


88

programs within the building wastewater treatment plant _ a process to remove contaminants from wastewater

faculty and student residence

a small plant with a maximum flow of 2.5 million gallons of water per day.

1 dirty water tank -

8

commencement point of water filtration process capacity - 255 cubic meters(9000 cubic feet))

clean water tank -

termination point of water filtration process capacity - 255 cubic meters(9000 cubic feet))

2

primary clarifier - produce a generally homogeneous liquid and a sludge to be seperately treated

facu

16 100 cubic meter pools (3840 cubic feet) total capacity - 16,000 cubic meters (61,440 cubic feet) location - 38th floor, +140 m (+470’) mechanisms - a wooden beams on a tracking system which slowly moves about the bottom and top of the tank. spatial requirements - exterior, uncovered

3

aeration tank -

expose the water to air to activate the bacteria to be subsequently removed

gra

12 100 cubic meter pools (3840 cubic feet) total capacity - 12,000 cubic meters (46,080 cubic feet) location - 23rd floor, + 90 m (+292 feet) mechanisms - Four blowers send air heated to about 120 degrees F to an air mixing manifold system in the aeration tank.The aeration system is a fine bubble diffusion system and involves no mechanical aeration. spatial requirements - exterior, uncovered

unde

to

4

publ final clarifier -

stude st fa

settling tank to allow the waste to separate and sink 16 90 cubic meter pools (3,200 cubic feet) total capacity - 51,200 cubic meters (1,440 cubic feet) location - 2nd floor, + 12 m (+40 feet)

6

anaerobic digester -

microorganisms breakdown waste in the absence of oxygen

8 245 cubic meter pools (8,640 cubic feet) total capacity - 69,120 cubic meters (2,000 cubic feet) location - ground floor, + 0 m

5

sludge thickener -

trap and convert particles into nitrogen gas 2 2,560 cubic meter pools (72 cubic feet) total capacity - 144 cubic meters (5,120 cubic feet) location - 1st floor, + 6 m (+20 feet)

7

belt filter press -

colum

dehydrates and thickens sludge 2 9 meter by 3 meter belt filter presses location - basement floor, - 7 m (-24 feet)

1

2

3

4

5

6

7


89

es _ columbia university

harlem botanical gardens _ plant varieties

community gardens + columbia’s urban agriculture program- rooftop community garden - continuing the strong tradition of community gardens which exists in harlem, parcels on the roof-top garden will be allocated to the buildings residents who wish to engage in urban agriculture. columbia’s urban agriculture program - also located on the upper floor, the CUAP will provide support to new york’s backyard and community gardeners with horticultural expertise and assistance, while maintaining trial container gardens that can be reproduced in throughout nyc balconies, terraces and roof gardens.

ulty - one-bedroom apartments 180 units total capacity - 360 people unit area - 46 sm (500 sf) total area - 8,280 sm (89,125 sf)

outdoor vine garden - faculty apartment bubble 3 species of vines characteristics - ny state natives (ensure growth in local climate); bloom at different times of year and serve to reduce winds from entering the outdoor atrium space a1 Eastern Virgin’s Bower climbing vine with white flowers in many clusters dim. - flower = 1” wide; vine = 6-10’ long

a2

a3

trumpet honeysuckle

american bittersweet

slender climbing vine with flowers at tips dim. - flower = 1/2” wide; leaves = 1’ 2/3” long

twining woody vine dim. - flower = 1/6” wide; leaves = 4” long

aquatic gardens - aeration tank and final clarifier pools visible from the two atriums, showcases aquatic plants that grow in natural stream in local region, their natural habitat is replicated by the controlled environment in the glass envelopes characteristics - aquatic plants with both large (to be visible from above) and small flowers yellow lotus yellow flowers, bowl-shaped leaves borne on stalks above the water dim. - flower = 10” wide; leaves = 1-2’ wide height = 3’ above water

aduate - two-bedroom suites 124 units total capacity - 248 people unit area - 46 sm (500 sf) total area - 5,704 sm (61,400 sf)

ergraduate - double rooms

208 units total capacity - 416 people unit area - 23 sm (250 sf) otal area - 4,800 sm (517,000 sf)

lic space - 3 floating pods

ent center - 470 sm (5,020 sf) tudent gym - 185 sm (2000 sf) aculty gym - 185 sm (2000 sf)

hummock sedge

pickerelweed

stems with greenish brown spikes of flowers dim. - height = 2-3’

an aquatic herb with violet-blue flower spikes that extend above water dim. - flower = 1/3” wide; leaves = 4-10” wide height = 1-2’ above water

7 research labs unit area - 50 sm (570 sf) total area - 350 sm (3,760 sf)

spatterdock nuphar floating aquatic plant with cup-like flowers dim. - flower = 3” wide; leaves = 3-15” wide height = 2-4’ below water

indoor cactus garden - floating pods

these plants, which thrive in dry, hot environments are suitable for public-accessed spaces, as they require little maintence and are sturdy. the greenhouse created by the pods generates the needed sunlight for the plants’ survival. characteristics - display a wide array of shapes, mass, and colors, adding interest to the building.

beehive cactus small, nearly spherical to barrel-shaped stems, often clusters on mounds dim. - flower = 1-2” wide; height = 1 1/2’

soapweed yucca

claret-cup cactus

tall flower stalk that rises from a thick clump of trees dim. - flower = 2 ” wide; height = 4’

scarlet flowers atop spiny cylindrical stems dim. - flower = 1’ wide; stems = 4”, height = 2”

tree cholla

plains prickly-pear

small spiny, leafless tree or bush with jointed branches dim. - flower = 2-3” wide; height = 3-7’

low mound of spiny, flat nearly oval joints dim. - flower = 2-3” wide; height = 3-6”’

native plants - ground level

this ground floor landscape showcases native vegetation so that maintenance has been reduced to a minimum, reducing the building’s environmental impact characteristics - decidious and perennial trees, shrubs, grasses, wildflowers and groundcovers

black spruce tree with open, irregular conical crown of short, horizontal branches dim. - height = 20-60’; diam = 4-12”

mbia horticulture labs

fragrant white water-lily floating aquatic plant with large flowers and flat, round, floating leaves dim. - flower = 6” wide; leaves = 4-12” wide height = 2-4’ below water

striped maple small deciduous tree with short trunk and open crown dim. - height = 30’; diam = 8”

box elder small to medium deciduous tree with short t runk and broad, open crown dim. - height = 30’-60’; diam = 2 1/2’

kinnikinnick

winterberry

common juniper

low, matted evergreen shrub with smooth, red-brown trailing stems dim. - height = 6-12”;

a decidious holly shrub with very small, white flowers that grow in leaf axils dim. - flowers = 1/2 “ wider

usually a spreading low shrub, sometimes forming broad clumps dim. - height = 1-4’; diam = 8”

mushroom garden - underground level jelly fungus agaric mushrooms characterized by red caps and white spots dim. - diam = 15”

boletales mushrooms having a cap curving upward with a mainly brown color dim. - diam = 5 - 8”

grow in the damp and dark areas, tend form in groups with a white color and tiny brown spots

chinese evergreen green plants that tend to be healthier with grow lights with low natural light conditions.


90

organization of the tower

housing typologies

faculty - one-bedroom apartments

faculty

outdoor vine gardens - looking from faculty atrium

graduate - two-bedroom suites

graduate

aquatic gardens -

looking from the faculty atrium to

undergraduate - double rooms

undergraduate

indoor cactus garden - student center pod at under


m

o the aeration tank level

rgraduate level

91

primary clarifier

aeration tank

final clarifier aquatic gardens


92


93

Stalk-grain Sedge (Carex stipata)

Kinnikinnick (Arctostaphylos uva-ursi)

Striped Maple (Acer pensylvanicum)

Common Juniper (Juniperus communis) Black Spruce (Picea mariana)

Winterberry (Ilex verticillata)

Box Elder (Acer negundo)

Speckled Alder (Alnus rugosa)


94

underground organization

agaric mushcrooms

Inner Sun 48 (432W) HO Fluorescent Lighting

boletales mushrooms

jelly fungus

chinese evergreen

curly willos

The New Inner Sun 360째 T5 grow light. This is the first that light offeres a full circle of light witch makes it very simple to setup and you get more out of your lights and Plants. The unit can be hung horizontally or can stand on the ground. This it supplies 432 Watts and 40,000 lumens. This fluorescent grow light is built with solid state electronic ballast that dont emit heat, noise or vibration. T5 bulbs have a very low heat factor that allows the light fixture to be hung very close to the plant canopy which raises light levels.


95


96

details_ 1/4� = 1’

1

Subway/Underground gardens entry and facade

2

3

4

Hanging pod

5

Operable window facad

Lobby Entry

Residential Balcony

6

Mesh facade_upper bub


97

Southeast Elevation

de_ lower bubble

bble

Northwest Elevation


98

sections _ 1:400

3

2 1 looking North-east


99

6

5 4

looking North-east


100

underground sections


101


102


104


105


Verticalism Studio at AAP-NYC Cornell - Spring 2008  

The public Space in the Skyscraper – a mix of streets, commercial spaces and parks inaugurated with Central Park – is one of the most succes...