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Terrorism FAIR media Publication

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| Based on APUWJ seminar

A heinous crime AgAinst society Inside

Lessons from failure Three pronged approach to fight Terror Terrorism is Dangerous than War Metropolitan Police is Solution Arouse National will to Fight Terrorism Collective Responsibility Ensure Police Public Partnership


FAIR media Hyderabad Content Co-ordination Pandarinath Prabhala Manibhushan K Raka Sudhakar Rao BG Rajeswar Raghunatha Rao Chakkilam S Sudharshan Reddy Advertising support Sri Charana Communications,  Hyderabad Design & Layout Srinivas T, Kondal

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A seminor organised by APUWJ in the aftermath the Dilsukhnagar blast

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errorism unleashes gory picture. It unleashes blood bath. It is a brutal attack on the society that has been built with hard toil over a period of time. It is a severe blow for the entire humanity. As many as 17 innocent people lost their lives on the fateful day of February 21, 2013 in the bomb blasts triggered by terrorists in Dilsukhnagar. No one knows who the perpetrators are. It is not sure the perpetrators will ever be caught. Andhra Pradesh Union of Working Journalists (APUWJ) responded to the ghastly incident by organizing a seminar to discuss and make suggestions to the government and law enforcement agencies on how to respond to the menace called terrorism. The publication is a compilation of the speeches and suggestions made by experts on the subject. APUWJ President D. Somasundar presided over the seminar held on February 26, while former Union Home Secretary K. Padmanabhaiah, former CBI Director K. Vijayarama Rao, former Director General of Vigilance and Enforcement C. Anjaneya Reddy, former Director General of Police A.K. Mohanty, former Chief Secretary Kaki Madhava Rao, IJU former secretary general K Srinivas Reddy and IJU secretary general Devulapalli Amar, APUWJ General Secretary Y. Narender Reddy spoke at the seminar and made valuable suggestions. The speeches and suggestions made by the speakers at the seminar caution the people, government and law enforcement agencies on the need to be alert at all times. We express our heartfelt thanks to APUWJ for allowing us to publish the compilation of speeches.


TeRRoRIsm: A heinous crime against society

Lessons from faiLure Recent bomb blasts in Dilsukhnagar triggered a debate whether it was a failure on the part of political leadership or the executive. While opinions differ, common people are wondering whether there will be an end for the terror attacks on the centuries old historical city of Hyderabad.

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ntire country was aghast at the recent bomb blasts in the huddled marketplace in Dilsukhnagar. Notwithstanding the fact that bomb blasts are not new either for Hyderabad or for India, can we be complacent since the phenomenon is not foreign to us? Will the post-blast response allows more such incidents? Or do we simply reason ourselves and resign to our destiny? Is there no means to prevent recurrence of such ghastly attacks that claim innocent lives? The present seminar attempts to caution the government and the people on the growing menace of terrorism. Dignitaries on the dais include police officers who worked at highest levels and other officials who worked as coordinators of the highest order in the state government.

Their views go a long way in suggesting corrective measures to put an end to the terror attacks. Even as different arguments are put forth by various people as to whether it was the failure of political administration or the executive that enabled the terrorists to carry out the ghastly attack, it appears to be the outcome of blatant failure of both the political administration and the executive. There is an old adage that the pace of a horse depends on its rider. But in some instances, the horse should keep its pace even if the rider does not use the whip. If the horse stops or does not runs fast then it is the fault of the rider. In this instance, political administration is the rider while the executive is the horse. Glaring failure in both the wings of the

K. Srinivasa Reddy

Sr. Journalist, Editor, Visalandhara

government is distinctly visible. How do we analyse the failure? To what extent one can defend the failure? Experts in this area need to explain whether the government has a will to handle and courage to counter these kinds of attacks. Dignitaries on the dais rich with experience in administration should analyse and pin down as to why the terror attacks are recurring, where exactly lies the fault, what are the corrective measures to be taken and whether the measures should be taken at the executive level or at the political level or both the wings of the government should come together for the purpose. The suggestions given by the experts present here will certainly enlighten the policy makers in particular and the public in general.

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TeRRoRIsm: A heinous crime against society

three pronged approach

to fight terror

Our response to terrorism should create such a panic in the minds of terror agents that they should feel terrified at the thought of committing an offense in India. They should feel that it is highly difficult to carry out terror activities in India because the preventive methods will be very strong. Even if a terror incident is carried out with a great effort, the perpetrators would soon be discovered and punished very quickly....not in seven or five years... but in just six months

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ublic safety is the primary concern of any government. Everything else is secondary. Though development, welfare, subsidies and other assorted things are also the priorities, public safety is the top most priority for a government. No government can be considered people friendly if it fails to ensure safety for its subjects. But it is uncertain whether the governments in the states or at the center are functioning keeping this aspect in mind. Let me remind you on this occasion the oft-repeated words of our

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Prime Minister. He often says the government will not tolerate terrorism, corruption, illegal infiltration and so on and so forth. Same is the mantra whenever there is some trouble. It is time we think whether the governments have been sincere in implementing their promises at least in the aspects of national security. We need to keep certain fundamental issues in mind while analyzing the reasons for growth of terrorism in India and the steps to be taken to check the menace. Terrorist activities in India can be broadly

K. Padmanabhaiah IAS (Retd.) Former Unior Home Secretary

divided into two types. The first kind of terror activity is being carried out by people who cross over the borders and enter the country with the tacit support of Pakistan. Terror agents are instigated, logistic support provided to them and pushed into India for terror attacks. However, it is not rational to perceive that the terror agents come every time from Pakistan to carry out the attacks. The terror agencies will identify disgruntled elements locally, indoctrinate and train them finally to carry out the attacks. In some cases,


TeRRoRIsm: A heinous crime against society

indigenous elements also resort to terror attacks without Pakistan's involvement. We need three-pronged strategy to fight terrorism. First and foremost strategy is prevention because we know prevention is better than cure. Thus, prevention is most essential. Second strategy is how to handle an unfortunate terror strikes like that of Mumbai attack. Third one is post-blast response in cases like the February 21 bomb blasts in Dilsukhnagar. Even in instances like Mumbai attack the third strategy is needed to ensure foolproof investigation and bringing the perpetrators to justice. Thus, there are three aspects of fighting terror. First is to prevent, second to fight back the terrorists during attack and the third is to investigate a case related to terror attack thoroughly. We can effectively counter terrorism only when we succeed in implementing the three pronged strategy. Otherwise, we will continue to suffer from the attacks. What we do after every attack is that we express deep condolences and forget the past. Instead, what we need is to create a sense of fear among the

terror agents. We should be so well prepared that the terror agents must come to a conclusion that it is highly difficult to carry out terror attacks in India. They must also feel that they will be nabbed within no time even if attacks are carried out with a great effort and definitely punished. And the punishment should be awarded in just six months instead of dragging the trial for long. Besides, the punishment awarded should be implemented without any delay. Terrorism can be reined in when terror agents are made to realise these things. I do not say terrorism will perish but certainly it will come down. Take for instance the fall in drug smuggling. Initially, we did not have a law to prevent drug trafficking. Mumbai used to be a transit point for drug smuggling from one end to another end across the globe. Drugs were smuggled from Pakistan to Bangladesh, Europe to some other country via Mumbai. But drug trade took a severe beating after a stringent law was prepared and effectively implemented. Drug mafia realised that anti-drug law was a stringent provision of law and severe punishment will be

given if caught for drug running. Similarly, we need an effective law and an implementation mechanism to fight terror. Earlier, there used to be TADA. However, people approached Supreme Court contending that it was a draconian law. The Apex Court made it clear that TADA was a constitutional law. However, the law was repealed due to political reasons. Subsequently, a similar law was introduced only to claim that the action of the earlier government was wrong. Thus, same provisions were incorporated in both the laws. Let me tell you an example for implementation of Explosive Substances Act. Explosives are procured in the garb of mining, but they are used for terror attacks. This Act is 150 years old and stipulates punishments of two years, six months or two months. The definition given for control of explosives in this Act is not correct. I used to argue with the government for changes in the Act. Now, some changes have been introduced in the Act. Similarly, provisions in the Arms Act are very inadequate. All such things need to be tightened. Intelligence alone cannot be a cure for terrorism. Borders must be tightened if terrorists are coming from the other side of the border. Let it be Pakistan border, Bangladesh or Sri Lanka border. Just think how the Mumbai attack took place. The terror agents could land in India through the sea due to serious lapses in coastal security. Same was the case with 1993 bomb blasts. Powerful explosives, including RDX, were smuggled into Mumbai via Kolaba port with the active connivance of a Customs official. All kinds of weapons are smuggled into India through road, sea and even by air. I am sure you all remember Purulia arms drop case. Also, there should be effective

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TeRRoRIsm: A heinous crime against society

border management system coupled with intelligence. Until recently, we did not have a proper system in place to identify if a person enters the country through Bangladesh border and leaves India through Pakistan border. There used to be utter confusion. Further, we do not have proper record of people overstaying in India who have come either on a visa or without a visa. Hence, border management is an essential part of internal security. Terror agents keep striking at us until we take preventive measures, implement tough laws and strengthen intelligence and border security. For now, soon after a terror attack we indulge in debate whether it was carried out by Musilms or Hindus. Added to this, there have been differences between the center and state governments over fighting terrorism. The then Union Home Minister P Chidambaram tried to introduce National Counter Terrorism Center (NCTC). But some states opposed the move as the union government tried to introduce through back door method an old law with some changes and that

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too without holding consultations with states. It is nothing but the Unlawful Assemblies Act 1967 which aims at dealing crimes related to instigation or commission of an offense by an assembly of two or more persons. Several amendments were made to this law and attempts had been made to introduce it through back door method. It is being opposed because it confers Intelligence Bureau (IB) with unquestionable powers to arrest and investigate. There have been allegations against IB that they resort to political vendetta using the unlimited powers. It is due to this reason some states opposed NCTC. The intelligence wings in the country are neither answerable for Parliament nor for respective states assemblies. So, people do not know what the intelligence wings are doing. They ensure the secrecy even in things which require no secrecy at all. It is true the functioning of intelligence intelligence wings need to be kept secret. Things like who is giving information, source of information and assorted things should be closely guarded. But there should

be accountability in matters like the priorities of IB, places where IB agents are posted, whether they are successful in their task and whether they are working according to the set norms. Since the intelligence agencies are not answerable to anyone, nobody knows what actually transpires within the intelligence agencies. Yet, we talk about intelligence failure. Who will assess whether there is intelligence or not? There is no such system so far. So, the intelligence agencies must be made accountable for Parliament and respective state assemblies. Once we find answers for questions like why was there a terror attack and why the intelligence agencies failed to work? But this has not been happening. On the other hand, police department has been completely working for the party in power. Police department has no autonomy, intelligence wings have not been made accountable. Terrorism can be effectively handled if all these things are taken care of. Above all these things, what we need is will power...determination. Terror attacks keep recurring if we lack the resolve to fight against terror.


TeRRoRIsm: A heinous crime against society

terrorism is worse than a war our cops can put down terror

Terrorists don't surface day in and day out. According to me, the aspects of identifying terrorists, the terror activities perpetrated by them and bringing them to justice are part of prevention.

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debate is going on in the wake of Dilsukhnagar bomb blasts. The unfortunate incident took place in Dilsukhnagar, one of the areas in Hyderabad city of Andhra Pradesh state in India. Similar incidents took place in different parts of the state in different times. If not this type of incident, other types of terror activities are taking place even in other countries. Hence, we need to look at the background in which Dilsukhnagar incident took place. The local, national and international laws help to some extent in preventing and investigating terror related cases. However, these laws sometimes hamper this process. For instance, the 1993 Mumbai

blasts, one of the major serial blasts in the country, claimed 273 lives. The target was to destabilize Indian economy, demoralize the secular fabric of the country thereby striking at the inner strength of the nation. The terror attacks are being carried out to send out a message that they can strike at their will and claim innumerable lives. Dilsukhnagar attack is not an incident to be brushed aside just like any other offense. Every such attack is an attack on the country – it is a proxy war. A war can be fought effectively or averted. But it is not so with terror activities since terror can be unleashed with minimum effort and resources. A debate is on whether terrorism can be identified and pinned down. But we

K Vijaya Rama Rao

IPS (Retd) & Former CBI Direcotr

should realize that thorough investigation and ensuring conviction for the perpetrators of terrorist activities will help prevent terrorism in the future. Rest aside, government should ensure quick response and instill confidence among public when there is a terror attack. This is possible only when the perpetrators are caught the day after the incident or three days after the incident and brought them to book. Public confidence will be doubled when the perpetrators are awarded quick and tough punishments. Also, the punishment awarded and implemented without any delay thereby sending a clear message to the people, particularly the families of victims that ‘justice has been done’. Only then the morale of the people will

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TeRRoRIsm: A heinous crime against society

improve and they will come forward to provide more and more information for law enforcement agencies. This entire process will in turn lead to prevention. Terrorists do not surface day in and day out. Yet, prevention includes identifying the terror elements and bringing them to book. Take for instance the Mumbai serial blasts. The trial was conducted in Arthur Road prison for 15 years. I deposed evidence as the CBI director and subsequently as a Cabinet Minister in Andhra Pradesh government. The trial went on for 10 years after my deposition. Finally, the charges were proved, punishments awarded. But who were actually punished? Actual culprits did not undergo punishment because they were not even caught. Same thing happened in connection with the 26/11 attack. The Prime Minister and the Home Minister listed out the names of perpetrators of 26/11 attack and the 1993 serial blasts. Everyone knew who figured in the list. Indian law enforcing agencies know with minute details where the mastermind of 1993 blasts, Dawood Ibrahim, is presently living. The agencies even have the photograph of Dawood’s residence. The information has been given to Pakistani officials. The Pakistan government was bound to turn him over to India.

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There is an international law and there is an extradition treaty between India and Pakistan. Yet, Pakistan did not deport the accused in the 1993-94 terror attacks though complete records along with investigation reports had been sent to them. Those who actually killed 273 innocents in the serial blasts did not suffer the punishment. Only small fish has been caught and convicted because the actual perpetrators are not with us. This is an issue to be addressed by the foreign policy of the country and not by the local police or state government. It is related to international law. A country, to be more frank, Pakistan government, has been deliberately taking some people from India to Pakistan, training them in subversive activities and sending them back. These people in turn are training more and more people locally taking advantage of the lacunae in the laws related to prevention of terrorism. All these aspects are present in Dilsukhnagar attack too. Hence, vast information is necessary to investigate the case. Information from Intelligence Bureau (IB), Research and Analysis Wing (RAW), National Investigation Agency (NIA), CBI and other assorted agencies is necessary to probe the case. Also, information from civil departments such as Customs, External affairs and other departments and their cooperation will be

necessary to fight terrorism. We must realize that terror incidents keep recurring unless the perpetrators are not brought to book. Dawood Ibrahim is certainly guilty of the offense. But we have to bear in mind that we have not been able to bring him to justice. There is a background for Dilsukhnagar incident. Hyderabad is one among various places in India prone for terror attacks. There could be around 15 cities in the country prone for such attacks. Terror attacks are not taking place in villages or smaller towns. They are carried out in bigger and select places. We know the places targeted by the terrorists and at the same time we may not have some information. Also, there is no guarantee that the terrorists do not change their target. Hence, attempt to neutralize the number of targets is also part of prevention. On the one hand, steps should be initiated to prevent attacks planned and monitored from foreign soil and on the other cities on the terror radar be secured. We should secure Hyderabad since the city is one of the places on the terror radar. I think it is not a difficult task for a big country like India. Secondly, the number of targets within the city must be reduced. Generally crowded places are targeted. There will be around 15 to 20 such targets. They can be reduced by increasing physical security. The number of constables, officers and police vehicles moving in those places should be increased. Special arrangements for surveillance and policing should be made in the targeted areas. Third one is to identify the local support for the terrorists because it is not possible to execute terror attacks without local help. It is possible that the locals may or may not be aware that they are actually aiding terrorists. For instance, terrorists can strike at the target by hiring a bicycle. The person providing the bicycle on hire may or may not know the intention of the person hiring the bicycle. But, investigators will be able to


TeRRoRIsm: A heinous crime against society

get some clues from the person who gave the bicycle for hire. Also, while probing a terror attack case some names of suspects may crop up. The suspects’ names might have come from other states or from the IB. The suspects may even be languishing in local prisons. Hence, local information is essential for investigation. Apart from local policing and local information network, government should appoint dedicated personnel for intelligence collection. Only then hurdles can be created for the terrorists thereby reducing the number of targets. Unfortunately if terror incidents take place despite taking all the precautions, creation of a dedicated anti-terror organization is necessary to minimize the threat to a limited area. Further, we cannot rule out the involvement of foreign hand in Dilsukhnagar incident. But we should keep in mind the expectations of the people after the bomb blasts. They strongly want immediate result. I still remember quite well an incident in which thieves ran away with Rs 20 lakh from Syndicate Bank. One of the thieves was caught on the outskirts the very next day. The quick result re-imposed public confidence in the police system. Sometimes result is possible effortlessly. Police could catch one of the thieves while checking for the presence of a notorious thief on bail. Similar efforts should be made in the Dilsukhnagar bomb blasts case. The connections between terrorists and their contacts in different cities should be enquired into. This may give some information which in turn may help detect the case. Law enforcement agencies should create an environment in which everybody should feel the fear of being caught if they did any wrong. I believe Hyderabad police is capable of chasing and catching the terrorists. There should be quick response from the police which will be visible from arrests and punishments. Simultaneously,

government should be pro-active in taking certain steps to fight terrorism. It can immediately start fast track court instead of waiting till the perpetrators are arrested. Such steps will help boost public confidence and encourage them to assist law enforcement agencies. Residents are not venturing out as they did in the past in the wake of recent bomb blasts in Hyderabad. This fear will slowly fade out from the minds of the people. However, some steps are needed to allay the fears crept in the minds of people. The perpetrators may not be caught immediately. But, steps should be taken towards that end. Confidence must be built up in the minds of the people that the perpetrators will invariably land in police hands. I have confidence that the perpetrators will be caught without fail. This level of confidence must be created among common people. We should be fearless in fighting terrorism. Then we should ensure hot pursuit and it should be visible for people. We should be well prepared to ward off an attack the next time when there is information about such possibility. Thus, detection and prevention are issues to be handled at local, national and international levels. Government should initiate measures keeping terrorism in view. Police should work at their level. Simultaneously, government should think

of an action plan to handle state sponsored terrorism by Pakistan. This is linked to an ideology since 1947. We did not accept two nation theory, but Pakistan did. The country has been divided and we cannot undo the history. So, the problem is state sponsored terrorism. Pakistan government has been training certain people picked from India and instigating them to carry out subversive activities here. No country is ready to join the fight against terrorism. Even America is afraid of the menace. But, can we remain mute spectators to the growing menace? It is difficult for the government to wipe out terrorism overnight. Mr. Padmanabhaiah spoke about TADA and stressed on the need for an effective legislation. How did the TADA disappear? There will be anarchy if an effective law is not available. Police cannot act according to law. Padmanabhaiah and I were members of the committee to prevent misuse of TADA when it was in force. There was an allegation that TADA was being used against a particular community. Some things cannot be shared now. TADA was not repealed but it was allowed to lapse in the Parliament. The then government had majority and the Opposition was also ready to support the legislation. Yet, TADA was allowed to die.

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TeRRoRIsm: A heinous crime against society

TADA was a draconian law and it should be used for serious problems. If there are any lapses in implementing certain legislation they should be corrected. But it is completely wrong to repeal legislation. Subsequently, another legislation POTA was brought into picture, which was also opposed tooth and nail. Police cannot function in the absence of legislation. Police will have problems like foreign involvement, coordination with other states and assorted things even when a law exists. NCTC has been proposed to overcome all these problems and to ensure effective monitoring of antiterrorist operations. However, I have some reservations over NCTC which are not personal. I don’t think all these issues can be addressed through NCTC. It is not wrong for the states to have apprehensions that the center may use a law against the states. It is for the center to allay the apprehensions. Despite all these things, I feel NCTC be implemented since it is the need of the hour. No one can resort to terrorist attack if people of Hyderabad come together and strongly resolve to fight against terror. Hence, people should stand united. Law enforcement agencies should be able to get information from people since it is a very important source of information. However, people may not know that the information they have with them is vital

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for police. The intelligence agencies should be capable of deciphering information received from people. This can be done by trained professionals. According to me, these skills of intelligence agents should be improved not only at the state level but also at the central level. However, we have been successful only to some extent on this front. We need to study the experiences of other countries for the purpose. All these things are dynamic aspects and keep changing. The performance of local police, intelligence, IB, external affairs or any other government department can contribute only up to 50 per cent of the work towards fighting terrorism. If the government agencies function little more effectively, they can get public cooperation. However, the remaining 50 per cent must be done by the government. A committed government and political leadership and its policies play a vital role in fighting terrorism. Take for instance we know the location of terrorist camps. We can show them on the map. But what matters is what we are doing despite having information. I do not want to talk a lot about America. But I would like to tell one thing for certain. All the policies made by American governments safeguard only their interests. They will never make policies to safeguard our

interests. We should not expect anything from them. Moreover, nobody will come to our rescue and we should not even anticipate help. I am saying all these things because government policies have a bearing on the Dilsukhnagar terror attack. But we should not keep on making accusations against the government. We should have been able to suggest what the government can do. I can say one thing for sure that we should be strong. What does it mean? We know the location of terrorist camps. What do we do and how do we go about? All these things will be debated. Hence, prevention, nabbing the perpetrators and bring them to justice no matter whichever country they are hiding. We will not have to face problems with any other country except Pakistan and Bangladesh. Government should allay the fears from the minds of people keeping all these issues in mind. There are several experienced and retired officers. All of them should extend their cooperation. They should not shed their responsibility on the pretext that they are retired. All such officers should extend their services to the present officials and the government voluntarily. Similarly, a lot of information received in other departments every day. No information is insignificant. A thorough analysis of such information may leave some clue for Dilsukhnagar blasts. If the CCTV footage cannot help recognize the perpetrators, all the facts will soon come to light. Police have the ability to solve the case. I have the confidence in our police system. Success or failure does not matter in these issues. But, who is ahead and who is behind only matters. We can stop an offense if we are ahead of the perpetrator. In case, if we are behind the criminals they would commit the offense and give a slip. Even in this case, we can prevent recurrence of ghastly incidents if we succeed in catching the perpetrators soon.


TeRRoRIsm: A heinous crime against society

metropoLitan poLice unit is the soLution

There is no need for specialized unit to tackle terror. But Hyderabad and Cyberabad police commissionerates must be reorganized into Metropolitan Police Commissionerate with four police districts headed by Commissioners with a Chief Police Commissioner as incharge. Only this will ensure effective policing.

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would like to talk about what happened in Dilsukhnagar and how can we stop recurrence of such incidents instead of talking about international ramifications. Intelligence is essential but it is a wrong notion that everything is possible with intelligence. Most important thing is that the government should for all party committee and handle the issue irrespective of political considerations. It is not apt to say that it is your failure, your party failure, government’s failure and failure of intelligence. At the same time, it is also not right for the Congress Party to accuse other parties that same thing happened when you were in power. In fact, these kinds of incidents occur irrespective of who is in power. Hence, Chief Minister should call an all party meeting beyond political considerations. Secondly, scores of illegal immigrants stay in Hyderabad. The then Police Commissioner Mr. Mohanty is also

aware of it and he tried his best to identify them without much success. We are unaware the number of illegal immigrants in the city, which has a population of over 70 lakh people. This calls for effective policing which is not possible in the present system of police units. Hyderabad must be reorganized into four police districts with four police commissioners to work under a Chief Police Commissioner. Only then effective policing can be ensured. I have brought this to the notice of the Director General of Police and others concerned. Take for instance London has eight police districts, Kolkata has three and Mumbai has about three or four. But in Hyderabad unitary system is continuing. Of course there are some joint commissioners and deputy commissioners of police. But that does not work because police commissioner alone is forced to set things right. Hence, it should be

C. Anjaneya Reddy IPS (Retd) & Former DG, V&E

reorganized into Hyderabad South, Hyderabad North, Secunderabad and Cyberabad with four police commissioners. All the four districts should be monitored by a Chief Commissioner. Coming to intelligence, Octopus is a good idea. It has been started, but its effectiveness needs to be proved. It has to be made an investigation unit and others like commando unit are not necessary. There is no need for another intelligence unit. Look at the SIB. Counter terrorist intelligence is part of intelligence and it should not be outside the intelligence. Local police will wash off their hands if a specialized unit is created with intelligence, investigation and commando units. Such a situation should not arise. Then, there is growing criticism that people have no role in policing. Police claim nobody is extending help and they are forced to work their way hard. This is correct and it has a reason. There is no means for the police to mingle with public. Therefore, there should be committees in every police unit. These committees should be formed in every district and they should monitor the functioning of the police. It is only monitoring and not supervision. The committees should take the responsibility of questioning the police as to what is their response for a particular thing. There can be parliamentary committee, legislators committee. But at the district level there should be all party committee. Representatives from all parties should be nominated to the committee and it should monitor functioning of the police

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TeRRoRIsm: A heinous crime against society

department on a day to day basis. It should meet at least ones in a month and tell the police officials about their problems and what is happening on the ground. Float a platform with 10 to 20 people since no such platform is available currently. There is no one to speak to commissioner. Try to speak to the commissioner individually. He will be busy and not available. The environment is not conducive to go to a police station. People urge higher ups or political leaders to talk to the police officials over phone before they reach there. It is not possible to bridge the gap between police and people without a proper forum. It is difficult to make people come closer to police system without such forum. In absence of these things, information cannot be collected from people. Similarly, several changes are needed in the legal system. Terrorist related offenses cannot be treated on par with other regular offenses. There should be two pronged trial in connection with terror related incidents. Arguments can be heard in the first stage on whether a particular offense is terrorist offense or not. Ones it is decided as terrorist offense, evidence law, procedure law, substantive law will follow. But it is not possible to go ahead with the existing legal system as it takes too long to finalise a case. Hence, there should be a separate and dedicated legal system to handle cases of this nature to ensure faster justice. Take for instance the Delhi rape case. Several changes had been brought by appointing Justice Varma Commission. These changes are highly essential. A separate chapter needs to be introduced for terrorist related offenses in the Indian Penal Code. Steps must be taken to see that the trial is conducted in different manner after an offense is decided as terrorist related offense. It takes ages if the trial is conducted in the normal procedure. Then, high security prisons have to be constructed. Terrorists should not be lodged in Nellore, Medak and other

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smaller jails. They must be kept in high security prisons and their mulaqats be strictly monitored. Mulaqats should be permitted only in consultation with intelligence wing. A hawk eye must be kept on the terrorists conversations. A prison should not become political party office or in-laws place which was the case with Musheerabad central prison. A high security wing can be created to guard the high security prisons housing terrorists. There is no dearth for funds to construct high security prisons. Indian government is ready to provide funds for the purpose. Mass murderers and terrorists must be treated as a separate category offenders. We should admit the lapses in our security systems. Take for instance the Hitech City. Any terrorist can easily go there and complete his task. Not one person will come forward to work in Hitech city if one terrorist incident takes place there. So, tight security must be posted at every commercial complex. The security guards are posted there just for name sake. They do not have arms. They do not know local conditions, local areas and local language. In this backdrop, anybody can do anything. Same situation is prevailing in malls, theatres and crowded places. Hence, it is time security staff are provided with arms training. Certain amendments should be made in the law for the purpose. Companies should take arms license and engage the services of exservicemen and former police personnel for security duty. They must be given proper training. Hitech City will be hit some day if these measures are not taken. This is the right time to tighten the security. Imagine the magnitude of human and material loss if the recent blasts were triggered in Nampally or Secunderabad railway station instead of Dilsukhnagar. There will be no surveillance in railway stations. Anybody can gain entry and leave a bag and there is nobody to discover the same. The intelligence wing should be powerful. Efforts were made to ensure

highest standards in intelligence wing when I was working in the department. For some unknown reasons those attempts had been dropped later. Today, many among those posted in intelligence work without any interest. The number of such people is growing in CID, ACB and Vigilance and Enforcement wings. No one will come forward voluntarily to work in these wings. But there is tough competition to work in civil police wing. In this backdrop, how the intelligence wing can function effectively? Dedicated personnel are required to work in this wing. Though several people are ready to work in this wing wholeheartedly, they are not being sent there for some reasons. Small teams comprising committed and dedicated officials should be formed. Large groups are not required. Initially, we suffered a lot with disinterested people in intelligence. But we managed to overcome the problems in a different manner and I do not want to go into details. Therefore, it is time to think what needs to be done. Police functioning must be monitored by all party committee and not by the government. Representatives of all political parties must be nominated as members of the committee. Police personnel should not be confined to one organization. During colonial days, police officials were part of revenue department because they were made to ensure collection of revenue. Reforms must be introduced in police department without any political interests. Police service should be recognized as public service and not as civil service. Civil service will be directly under the control of the government, while public service is answerable to people. National Police Commission has suggested such a system. It is not possible to counter and prevent terrorist offenses with national and international ramifications without making such minor changes in the system. Immediate reforms must be made in Hyderabad city police set up by introducing metropolitan police system.


TeRRoRIsm: A heinous crime against society

nation Lacks wiLL to fight terrorism

There is not just political will but I will take it beyond this. There is no national will to put down terrorism. We need to arise national will to fight terrorism. And don't dilute the demand for strengthening the police force in this country. Give resources, give strength and thereafter ask questions.

I

t goes without saying that terrorism is the single biggest challenge for the society in general and police in particular today. We have heard very distinguished guests till now and I should not have been called upon to speak after them because law of diminishing marginal utility may prevail and I may repeat few of their points. Nevertheless, I would not like to dwell upon the newer policy and the structural frame that can face this challenge. I believe to optimize everything what is within my limits. The need of the people of Hyderabad in particular and AP in general is what we can deliver to them with whatever we have today. We have resources with us, we have problems with us, let us try to analyze whether we have the capacity

to handle this situation and whether we are prepared or not. My question to the police is that whether our preparedness is enough or not. We have the capacity but whether we are prepared or not. Another question is whether the incidents are recurring in spite of the best efforts of the police and the government or otherwise. I am not trying to list out the pros and cons. Nevertheless, it is important to understand the factors that are responsible for such type of incidents and what is the remedy there of. I would divide the factors as internal factors inside the police and administration and external factors. I have no hesitation to admit that there has been inadequate level of performance by the police. Adequate level is very dynamic concept. The speakers here emphasized on

A K Mohanthy IPS (Retd) & Former DGP

police professionalism. But there is also inadequacy of resources. I am not mentioning this point in defense of police but reality must be accepted and corrective measures have to be found in that context. I would say that the requirement of policing has not been adequately met in terms of resources, logistics, policy support and the finances. We want to play safe on two points often - accountability at the higher level and the police leadership. These are very delicate issues. And when we try to define police leadership at various levels everybody tries to justify that leadership has been very inspiring. If leadership has been inspiring then why performance is not equally inspiring? That is one thing I keep on introspecting myself as a police officer. I think the leadership needs to rise above many petty things and become inspiring for the force so that policemen at every point of time can optimize themselves. There is hardly any accountability fixed even for very extraordinary happenings in the society on the senior police officers. I do not want to make it personal for anybody and I am telling in general. If I am there and I have failed, I need to be punished and told, ‘look you haven’t done this and therefore you don’t deserve this place’. Accountability has to be fixed very dispassionately and in an effective manner.

13


TeRRoRIsm: A heinous crime against society

I am sorry to say that I am not in agreement with one of my previous speakers that a specialized agency is not required and one particular agency can look after that job adequately. I strongly feel that there is a need for dedicated and specialized expert unit under one roof which can handle this kind of situation with a single minded devotion. When I say that I refer to one organization that was created called Octopus - Organization for Counter Terrorist Operation in Andhra Pradesh police. I strongly believe and have reasons to justify that the extraordinary situation has to be met with the extraordinarily capable agency. And it should have a single minded devotion for that. It should have the operational unit, intelligence unit, investigation unit, training, logistics unit, and a data analysis and interpretation unit. This is a necessity and since the institution already exists to meet this challenge in Hyderabad, it needs to be activated and made full-fledged forthwith. Politicization of police and political patronage of police officer and political intimidation to the police officer are the external factors. If you are not patronized you are intimidated. So these external factors need to be neutralized. The administrative and financial resistance to police proposal is age old in government. No sooner I say that I need 30 patrolling vehicles, immediately objection from the finance is t that how were you managing all these years. For instance, if I want to construct a over head tank for drinking water, a strange logic comes from the finance that how were you managing without drinking water for all these years. You can always object to any proposal and I have to go round and round of decision makers to beg for

14

four policemen here, one vehicle there, one light there, one sentry post there. This is what is going on and this is also severely affecting the police efficiency. Not just political will, but I will say there is no national will to put down terrorism. We need to arise a national will for this. We have been talking in terms of public cooperation. That is fine. But we need to create a national will to fight terrorism. It is not the problem of Hyderabad alone. No doubt Hyderabad and Andhra Pradesh state owes a great

Politicization of police and political patronage of police officer and political intimidation to the police officer are the external factors. If you are not patronized you are intimidated. so these external factors need to be neutralized. responsibility to stop this kind of activity in urban centers. Our speakers mentioned that it is possible. It is a very encouraging statement because few cities, few targets and such a huge urbanization and we can certainly do it if we commit and dedicate ourselves to the cause. But why are we not doing this? I also suggest measures that are supposed to be translated in the ground level right today so that people feel safe and secure and have confidence in police. We have been seeking information from public. It is not

enough. I must first deliver. People must get convinced that I have optimised myself and cannot deliver any further. Then only they will come forward and it is right at that level to come forward and help the police. Let us strengthen basic and fundamental policing in every locality. Make it difficult for the criminal to operate. Make the patrolling and beat service effective. Make the police visible. If police is visible, any criminal will find it difficult to operate at his will. Frequently conduct surprise checks, frisking, anti-sabotage checks using dog squads on a regular basis, not as a symbol or token after the incident. So, strengthen basic and fundamental policing for which we don't have to wait for anything. We can get going immediately not in Hyderabad alone but throughout the country. I would now try to say that accountability is another important thing that works in the minds of many people. What do you mean by accountability? One incident had occurred and X should be suspended is not accountability. It has to be viewed in the context whether the responsibility and the resources that are available with a particular officer have been optimized or otherwise. If not then he is accountable. If you start fixing up accountability at the leadership level keeping in view the various levels of leadership, I am sure the force will get activated and do its best. But don't dilute my demand for strengthening the police force in this country. Challenges are many and I need to be strengthened, need to be enabled to do better policing. And every one of us should stand by their proposal. So, give the resources and give strength and thereafter ask the questions.


chronology of terror attacks in india Day

Place of attack

Casualty

Injured

257

713

1993 March 12

Serial blasts in Mumbai in 13 places

2002 December 6

Bomb blast in a bus at Ghatkopar

2

49

2003 January 27

Bicycle bomb explosion in Ville Parle (Mumbai)

1

25

2003 March 14

Bomb blast in a train at Mulund (Mumbai)

10

70

2003 July 28

Bomb blast in a bus at Ghatkopar

4

-

2003 August 25

Car bomb blast in Zaveri Bazaar, Gateway of India

52

300

2005 October 29

Three explosions in crowded markets in New Delhi

62

210

2006 March 7

Bomb blasts in Hanuman temple and railway station in Banaras

28

101

2006 July 11

Seven serial blasts in Mumbai sub-urban rails

209

714

2006 September

Twin blasts in a Masjid in Malegaon

37

125

2007 February 19

Twin blasts in Samjhauta express

66

50

2007 May 18

Bomb blast in Mecca Masjid in Hyderabad

16

100

2007 August 25

Twin blasts at Lumbini Park, Gokul Chat in Hyderabad

42

54

2007 October 11

Bomb blast in Ajmer Dargah in Rajasthan

3

17

2008 January 1

Terror strike on CRPF camp in Rampur in UP

8

-

2008 May 13

Serial blasts in Jaipur in Rajasthan

80

216

2008 July 25

Low intensity explosion in Bangalore

2

20

2008 July 26

Twenty serial blasts in Ahmedabad in Gujarat

56

200

2008 September 13

Six serial blasts in New Delhi

30

130

2008 September 27

Crude bomb blast in Mehrouli

3

22

2008 September 29

Low intensity explosion in Modasa (Gujarat)

1

-

2008 September 29

Bike bomb blast in Malegaon (Maharashtra)

37

100

2008 October 21

Attack on Police Command Complex in Imphal in Manipur

17

40

2008 October 30

18 Serial blasts in Asom

81

470

2008 November 26

Terror attack on Mumbai for three days

166

600

2010 February 13

Bomb blast in bakery in Pune

17

54

2010 December 7

Bomb blast in Banaras

2

37

2011 July 13

Three bomb blasts in Mumbai

26

130

2011 September 7

Bomb blast near Delhi High Court

17

76

2012 August 1

Low intensity explosions at 4 places in Pune

``

1

2013 February 21

Twin blasts in Dilsukhnagar in Hyderabad

17

119


TeRRoRIsm: A heinous crime against society

coLLective responsibiLity

There is not a single noteworthy terror incident in America after the attack on World Trade Center (WTC) on September 11. This has been possible due to coordinated and concerted efforts by all the systems and not just by politicians.

Kaki Madhava Rao IAS (Retd) & Former Chief Secretary

T

here has been a debate ever since the Dilsukhnagar bomb blasts whether it was the failure of political leaders or the officials which led to the ghastly incident. It is not just political leaders and officials, but the existing laws and judiciary is also responsible for the recurrence of terror attacks which is clearly evident from the 1993 serial bomb blasts in Mumbai. It took 15 years to complete the investigation and conduct trial in the 1993 bomb blasts case. The role of each one of these departments is entwined with each other and all are responsible for the outcome. Dilsukhnagar incident is not the lone or unique incident. Similar incidents are occurring in many several countries and hundreds are being killed. Terrorists are not sparing even places of worship. This is not just a terror attack, but it is an example for worsening human values. Is it religion, money minded people like Dawood Ibrahim, political compulsions or the conspiracy by capitalists, what is the reason for growth of terrorism? I am of the view that along with political administration, executive and judiciary, capitalists also play a key role in this aspect. It is pertinent here to talk about union minister P Chidambaram. He is praised by one and sundry as clever, efficient and competent. Presently he is holding ministry of finance. I wonder what happened to his competency and efficiency when he was holding Home

Ministry. As we go deep into this question, we arrive at a conclusion that capitalism is responsible for the change in his attitude. There is not a single noteworthy terror incident in America after September 11. They made it possible through coordinated and concerted efforts by all the departments. It may not

be possible to ensure 100 per cent prevention through the coordinated efforts. But the human and material loss due to terror attacks can certainly be reduced. Not only religious fanatics but technology also plays a very important role in the terror attacks. Technological advancements are available for law

17


TeRRoRIsm: A heinous crime against society

enforcement agencies as well as criminals. It is due to technological advancements the terrorists are able to trigger explosion using a bicycle. Hence, terrorists defy the most modern CCTV technology used by the police just by the use of a simple bicycle. On the other hand, technology came in handy for the Americans in preventing any further terror attacks post 9/11 attacks. I am worried about the fall of traditional values Indian boasts about. I feel the fall in traditional values is leading to ghastly incidents such as Dilsukhnagar blasts. I would like to recall an article published in Hindu Daily recently. The article titled ‘Human Values and Culture’ begins with the remarks of Cuba revolutionary leader Che Guvera during his tour of India in 1959. He was responding to a query during an interview telecast by All India Radio. He said India did not take to

18

violence during freedom struggle despite provocative environment because the rich traditions and values of the land did not allow violence. A violent fight is very easy in a land where rich traditions and values are absent. The rich traditions and moral values in India helped Gandhi and his associates win freedom through nonviolence. Unfortunately, those values seem to have vanished today. Dilsukhnagar incident did not take place because of administration failure. It just happened because Pakistan has trained some people and instigated them to carry out the ghastly attack. The present day values and standards do not represent our ancient traditions. Some persons had been arrested in the recent past on the charges of making hate speeches. There will be no scope for Dilsukhnagar kind of incidents if such arrests are made regularly. We should not encourage those who make hate

speeches. Indian culture promotes nonviolence and compassion. Terror acts can be prevented if we follow these principles along with adopting technology on the lines of America. At the same time, police department should not be politicized and minimum number of personnel should be used for the protection of VIPs. We should introspect whether we are using police department in a right way for right purpose. Take for instance if we go to a wedding attended by a VIP. Guests will not be allowed to enjoy the wedding on the pretext of some VIP or Chief Minister’s visit. We should reform the police department to ensure its functioning without political interference. This is highly essential. As soon as we do this, public confidence in police system will improve. Also, we should be able to utilize the services of retired officers for the purpose.


TeRRoRIsm: A heinous crime against society

ensure poLice pubLic partnership

Police should come close to people and win their confidence. People should feel free to share information with police without any fear of being harassed in the name of deposing evidence etc., while government should ensure steps to make people realize their responsibility in helping law enforcement agencies.

I

had the occasion to read an article on Dilsukhnagar bomb blasts published in a daily newspaper recently. The writer recalled his experience during a taxi ride in Singapore. He was frequently focusing his attention to a bag he was carrying since he was afraid that the bottles kept inside the bag may get damaged due to friction between two bottles. The cab driver pulled over the car and sought to know from the writer why he was staring at the bag. The writer replied that he was carrying some bottles inside the bag and was afraid that they might break due to friction. The writer was also annoyed at being questioned by the cab driver

and shot back a question – “It’s none of your business, why are you posing questions to me?” The cab driver politely replied that the government trains all its subjects in Singapore to question any suspicious persons anywhere. So, we follow the training and the instructions of the government thoroughly. The driver also told the writer that they had been able to avert violence to a great extent because of the alertness. I am recalling the article because all the speakers talked about administration, police department, political leaders, their responsibility and accountability and what needs to be done. I am speaking on behalf of the

Devulapalli Amar Sr Journalist & Secretary General, IJU

common people and I would like to question whether common people have no responsibility? We have been criticizing all the time police, political leaders and the ruling government accusing them of failing to prevent terror attacks. These kinds of incidents are occurring irrespective of whichever political party is in power. I have seen numerous terror attacks across the country in the last 20 years since 1993 Mumbai serial blasts. We cannot hold responsible respective political parties in power. Neither can the police department be blamed for the attacks. A question will arise what the people had been doing. I am saying this as one of the citizens.

19


TeRRoRIsm: A heinous crime against society

An explosive device was found in Dilsukhnagar some time ago during police frisking. So, people know about the terror threat. Yet, people did not bother to think or pay attention to the problem. Officials had been stressing on the need to install CCTV cameras at small and big business establishments for quite some time. But when it comes to public role we must realize one thing that people are afraid of sharing information with police though I have some. We cannot blame people completely. Yet, people have a role to play akin to Singapore model. People should certainly give information to police. However, they are frightened over the consequences of sharing information because of police behavior. Let me give you a personal experience. My brother saw a road accident and informed the police. He got himself registered as witness. Consequently, he had to make rounds of court for three years. That is one aspect. Another is that police will take people to police station and interrogate them as if they are criminals just because they volunteer to share information. This kind of behavior on the part of police needs a complete change. Mr. Anjaneya Reddy suggested all party committees. Such committees were formed in the past after such incidents. But members of these committees take advantage of the proximity to police and resort to excesses on general public. Small time leaders belonging to the political parties which are members of the all party committees even collected ransom from the people. We have seen reports about such incidents in the newspapers. The gap between police and public must be reduced. Only then common people will come forward to extend a helping hand to the police. Efforts

20

should be made to create confidence among people so that they can freely inform police about suspicious things. This effort may be made by anyone and not necessarily by the police. On the whole, a change in social environment is needed. My previous speakers, mainly Mr. Vijayarama Rao, contended that why TADA be opposed. Certainly it’s a draconian law, but there is no need to oppose it if it is applied exactly for the purpose intended to. Past experiences should be taken into consideration while opposing NCTC. An analysis must be made whether the laws were applied actually for the purposes intended to. It is because of this reason people and Opposition parties are opposing TADA, POTA or NCTC. The fears should be allayed from the minds of people. Political parties are opposing these laws because people are opposing them. Political parties make laws while in government, but oppose them when they sit on the Opposition benches. This indicates that parties oppose laws which are opposed by the people. Yet, tough laws are required to prevent Dilsukhnagar kind of incidents.

Everyone is talking about prevention. Coordination between government, police and people is essential for prevention. People should have confidence in the administration. There should be introspection how we are using the services of police department. A home minister invites a ruffian into party fold, while chief minister hugs the ruffian outside the party office and welcomes him inside offering the ruffian a seat beside him. Think about the morality of the police officer who registered cases and sent the ruffian to prison in the past. Until and unless there is a change in political system, neither police nor the democracy can do anything. People will not trust the administration. There might be political compulsions and use police department for the purpose. Nobody can be blamed for this. But, government should ensure steps to make the people feel that the government and police department exist to safeguard the interests of the people. Only then people come forward and share information and terror attacks can be prevented. I hope such environment will prevail soon.


FAIR media presents bravely the true facets of various things to create awareness among various sections of society including the bureaucracy and the administration, criticize public policies that could not help the society and inspire people by bringing to light the bravery and sacrifices of uniformed personnel. We published special editons UnsUng HeRoes in memory of the Police personnel who laid their lives in the line of duty. CRUsAdeR, a special edition is an initiative to fight against Corruption. BRAve HeARTs is yet another special edition brought out to bring to light the ‘daughters of the soil’ who sacrificing their lives for the society for ages. And one more special issue titled TeRRoRIsm to create awareness among the people and make public the lapses on the part of officials and political bosses in fighting terror. These special issues of intellectual value are limited edition publications and a must read for those who live in and think about society. These copies are not made available for all, but specially delivered on request.

For the copies can contact...

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