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[Roof Elements] YOGOGI NATIONAL GYMNASIUM, TOKYO

The preliminary research will be focussed on the articulation of a ceiling element, a ‘soffitto’. Ceilings are the most primitive of architectural intervantions, yet often employed as a primary vehicle for the articulation of space and function. A ceiling, and by association of a roof, from the primitive shelter to the contemporary envelop, has collected together an extended range of task; structure, enclosure/light, ventilation, shelter, shading, energy generation, acoustics, to mention some. The studio analyse and explore the architectural element to find a new expressive ways of making space. Through a rigorous examination of the technological aspects, we will make propositions for articulating the designs by the study of components and connections, expressing the architectonic, within a context of exploiting precedent.

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YOYOGI NATIONAL GYMNASIUM

KENZO TANGE , 1964 > Capacity up to 10 000 people > Icon for Metabolism Movement (a post-war Japanese architectural movement that fused ideas about architectural megastructures with those of organic biological growth) > Worlds Largest Suspended Roof Structure for almost 50 years > 2 swimming pools and a basketball court > Were constructed for Tokyo Olympic Games in 1964

Roof Plan [NTS]

Section [NTS]

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Paper Exercise: Recreating the element of the roof by using only single piece of paper. [creating 2d to 3d form]

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[Fifth Elements] Brighton Square

The theme of the ceilingis further focused by constraining the material and geometry to a thin sheet material, resulting in a structure that will evolve through a study of cutting, bending, laminating and connecting hin sheet material to achieved long spanning geometrically intricate structures. The context for the structure will be discussed and surveyed in order to create a boundary condition. The developed structures will be technically analysed, and envisaged within the context of detail fabrication drawings.

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Miura-Ori Pattern - fifth Element

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Ceiling Plan -

King’s College Chapel

[NTS]

Axonometric View [NTS]

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Worm’s Eye View - Brighton Square [NTS]

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The fan is build on a rail, that allow the expandable of the fan and limit the movement of the fan when it been deploy

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MASTER OF ARCHITECTURE 2

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[Build Upon Vibration] Cambridge

The new dynamics of production posit an intriguing possibility for a return to making in the city; A considered retro-innovation with commercial production cohabiting with public, private and civic interests within a context of cleaner production allowing a closer compact between production and the city than the previously possible. The year’s agenda pursues a central interest in exploring an architecture which embeds production and research into urban conditions and reimagines the city as a consortium of alternative productive futures. The speculation is taken this year to Cambridge to the makerspace of Clive Sinclair and his technical and cultural project the ‘Science of Cambridge’. In 1980 Sinclair produced the first mass market home computer and provide a counterpoint to an era of rampant production by his attention to design and quality standards. He went on to develop vehicles, watches, bikes, and satellite technology. Sinclair sold on the trademark (Sinclair Radionics) in mid 1980’s, a victim, like many others, in the hostile marketplace of reduced margins and a reluctance to engage with overseas cheap labour. Our studio takes up the story 30 years on, with the conceit of re-animating Sinclair and reconfiguring Cambridge as an urban framework for analysing how economy and production engage with place.

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The hybridising transport infrastructure + manufacturing project seeks to transforming the city around Cambridge Railway Station into an Interchange center between people and industry. Cambridge has been a genuine worldclass location for innovation and business, giving opportunity to create one high technology innovation and transport interchange. An interchange for High Technology Manufacturing with an intelligent workforce and the highest number of patents filed per head of population, Cambridge is arguably the UK’s most innovative city and a perfect location for high – tech innovation. While excellent regional, national and international transport links makes it the place to be. The manufactured product is a carbon fiber material that can later be use to print a carbon fiber component. The proposal will include an assembling area for the component testing (under ground level). The Project is interested in discovering ways to support manufacture and transportation of Super-Sized Construction Component, that is currently limited by transport infrastructure. The products of the manufacture can be transported out of Cambridge by using the railway track to the nearest large seaport (Felixstowe port, Port of London, Port of Southampton, Port of Liverpool, Port of Immingham and Port of Leith). The interchange is also being use as a transport center (car, busses, taxi, train, bicycle and pedestrian). The interchange also acts as a connector between the west site and the east site of Cambridge to allow faster route. The original train station is being remodel and intergrade with other types of transportation such as bus and taxi services. The Aim of The Design Thesis is How the Complexity of the Infrastructure spaces merge with the manufacturing spaces that affect the circulation of the people in and out of cambridge. The proposal also acts as a bridge to connect between the east site and the west site of cambridge [existing been cut by the rail tracks].

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325 m

Cambridge

City of Cambridge key plan n.t.s

site - 34,000 sqm

United Kingdom

The site is Cambridge Train Station, located at the fringe of Cambridge City, United Kingdom. The site is a large area consist of the train station and construction area. The site is divided by the rail track.

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Cambridge Site Map 1:1000

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Site Elevation 1:400

9000 mm

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[Construction Area]

[Train Station]

[Platform]

[Train Office]

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Street Section [B-B]

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[Student Accommodation]


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Site Plan 1:2000

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Resident Industrial Commercial Student Accommodation Education Business Train Station

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Walking distance per minute from the station (1minute = 90 meter)

Bus station located near to the site (within 5 minute walk)

Major Train Route

Bus Route (mainly using the major road)

Car Route

Cycle and Pedestrian Route

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The site is on Cambridge Train Station, dealing with several physical constrain such as road, railway track, and existing building. The diagram shows the volume of the site cut by the existing constrain.

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Bicycle Path Pedestrian

Vehicle Road

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BICYCLE FACILITY - An underground bicycle storage facility. - Pollution, traffic and loss of green spaces can be decrease. - an “eco-cycle underground bicycle park”. Structure: > 7 meters wide > cylindrical strorage facilities (204 bike) > automated system - 13 second (retriving bike

external area of the storage facility

Internal space of the storage facility

INTERGRATING TRANSPORTATI

INTER-CHANGE TRANSPORT HUB

large area - coach platform

waiting area with kiosk

- Large area for the ticketing area - connected with coach facility - incorporate commercial into the facilty

- Large coach terminal - Local and regional coach. - Waiting area that are connected with the train station.

Spaces: > > > > >

Spaces: > ticketing hall > platform seperate local and regional direction > waiting area and small kiosk facility.

ticketing hall platform retail area toilet retail area

TRAIN FACILITY

COACH FACILITY

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CARBON FIBER PRODUCTION

PRINTING CARBON FIBER COMPONENTS

- produce carbon fiber from raw material (Polyacrynitrile) - Large area for production process - Storage area for raw material and final product - loading area for the arrival of the raw material

-

Spaces:

Spaces: > > > > > >

printing of carbon fiber through weaving machine Large area for printing , assembly and testing area Storage area for the final printing product loading area (train platform)

> > > > > > >

loading area raw material and final product storage. processing area (large amount of heat produce) general sorting area packaging area despatch area

loading area final product storage. printing area assemble area testing area packaging area office area

MANUFACTURING

ION AND MANUFACTURING

LOGISTIC

- Large storage to store the large parcel - transport parcel using train and lorries. Spaces: > > > >

platform storage area toilet office

LOGISTIC FOR ROYAL MAIL

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PAN Process

Thermoset

Carbonize

Graphitize

Epoxy Sizing

Graphitize

Stretch PAN

Thermoset

Petroleum Pitch

Melt Spin

Carbonize

SPOOL

Carbon Fiber Production Process

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Surface Treatment


The Fujian tulou “FUJIAN EARTHEN BUILDINGS” are Chinese rural dwellings unique to the Hakka in the mountainous areas in south-eastern Fujian, China. They were mostly built between the 12TH AND THE 20TH CENTURIES. A tulou is usually a large, enclosed and fortified earth building, most commonly rectangular or circular in configuration, with very thick load-bearing rammed earth walls between three and five stories high and housing up to 800 people. Smaller interior buildings are often enclosed by these huge peripheral walls which can contain halls, storehouses, wells and living areas, the whole structure resembling a small fortified city. The fortified outer structures are formed by compacting earth, mixed with stone, bamboo, wood and other readily available materials, to form walls up to 6 feet (1.8 m) thick. Branches, strips of wood and bamboo chips are often laid in the wall as additional reinforcement. The result is a well-lit, well-ventilated, windproof and earthquake-proof building that is warm in winter and cool in summer. Tulous usually have only one main gate, guarded by 4–5-inchthick (100–130 mm) wooden doors reinforced with an outer shell of iron plate. The top level of these earth buildings has gun holes for defensive purposes. HAKKA HOUSE - FUJIAN TULOU

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Development layout of Hakka house to form a fortress

Layout forms of Hakka residential buildings (boyd, 1962, S.104)

Circular form layout types of Hakka residential buildings

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COURTYARD > PROGRAM private < public

COURTYARD < PROGRAM private > public

Hakka House consist of a center courtyard with a program surround it. The circulation between program spaces is high due to its easy access to every spaces. The diagram shows different type of circulation.

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MASTER OF ARCHITECTURE 2

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iii

iv

i ii

i - The student accommodation is relocated to the nearest and new student accommodation (the HUB) ii - Connect the abandoned road and the cycling path to create a new road to the entrance of the proposal iii - Turning the cycle path to a vehicle road and cycle path to connect the major road to the loading bay iv - Extension of the existing road to connect to the other site to create new circulation for the vehicle [bus]

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Initial visibility intention

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Initial Roof Scheme : Cooling Tower

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Parabolic pattern created by rotation of a single line to a different form of boundary [TRIANGLE, CIRCLE, SQUARE]

Parabolic pattern created by rotation of the boundary line of the selected shape to create form

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Volumetric model created by the rotation of the boundary of the selected shape

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Volumetric model [negative] created by the rotation of the boundary of the selected shape

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0o rotation - no tension - large opening - large apeture

20o rotation - less tension - bigger opening - bigger apeture

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45o rotation - high tension - small opening - small apeture

90o rotation - greater tension - very small opening - very small apeture

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wide opening allow more light to penetrate in, with small base to direct less light to the basement area

wide opening allow more light to penetrate in, with wide base to direct more light to the basement area

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small opening allow less light to penetrate in, with wide base to direct more heat from the basement area


Model created to understand the element to create suspension roof

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Elements to create a suspension roof - anchor structure, primary structure and perimeter structure

primary structure

cable structure structure

perimeter structure

Compression Element

Compression Element Tension Element

Compression Element

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Roof Form through out the site

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MASTER OF ARCHITECTURE 2

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Roof Form through out the site

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legends: i ii iii iv

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Basement Floor Plan 1:1000

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Assembly / testing area Laboratory / research area Operation Office / Admin Storage [Carbon Fiber Components]


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Bicycle Facilities Bicycle repair shops Bicycle storage Cafe Vehicle service Ticketing office Train Station Commercial / Retail Bus / taxi Station Bus waiting area Bus Ticketing Office Manufacturing Facilities Loading area Carbon Fiber Production Area Cafeteria [factory] Carbon Fiber storage area Production office Carbon fiber components Gallery Gallery office Gallery Gallery Lobby Royal Mail Logistic Royal Mail storage Royal Mail operation office


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First Floor Plan

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BRING SPACE INTO THE CITY

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Roof Plan

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3000

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Vehicle route [Car, Bus, Taxi, Lorry]

Bicycle / Pedestrian route Entrance to the building

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Site Accesibility 1:2000

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Ground Floor Plan

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4000

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BRING SPACE INTO THE CITY

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40 000 mm

27 000 mm

23 000 mm

15 000 mm Roof Beam level

15 000 mm First Floor Level

RENAULT

0 mm Ground Floor Level

-12 500 mm

-18 500 mm Basement Floor Level

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Section A-

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1:200

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MASTER OF ARCHITECTURE 2

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MASTER OF ARCHITECTURE 2

BRING SPACE INTO THE CITY

NIK FAHMI BIN NIK FAUZI


MASTER OF ARCHITECTURE 2

BRING SPACE INTO THE CITY

NIK FAHMI BIN NIK FAUZI


MASTER OF ARCHITECTURE 2

BRING SPACE INTO THE CITY

NIK FAHMI BIN NIK FAUZI


MASTER OF ARCHITECTURE 2

BRING SPACE INTO THE CITY

NIK FAHMI BIN NIK FAUZI


MASTER OF ARCHITECTURE 2

BRING SPACE INTO THE CITY

NIK FAHMI BIN NIK FAUZI

build upon vibration  

final year master of architecture [university of brighton]

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