contents PART A
A.0. Introduction A.1. Designing Futures
y name is Fady Ghabbour, I am a third year student at the University of Melbourne undertaking the bachelor of Environments, majoring in architecture. I come from an Egyptian background. I was born in Lybia and I returned to Egypt at the age 4 and moved to Australia when I was 14. I enjoy painting and art in general and I am highly interested in studying theology. Studying architecture was always something that I have been interested in, and over my last two years in high school this idea was confirmed in my mind. Pursuing a career in architecture is not only an engaging path, challenging the mind and even the body, but has been a most rewarding experience for me as well.
ver the past three years I have had to quickly aquire skills in various modelling, rendering and design presentation softwares at a high standard. This typically was not the smoothest learning curve for a heavily arts-and-craft-reliant guy like me, however with time I gained more experience and continued to improve myself. The first time I encountered Rhinoceros was in first year, studying a course called Virtual Environments. The subject outline required students to undertake a design process in which they transform an analog 3D physical model into a digital presentation of that form which will then be panelled and modelled using Rhino. Employing a technique Iâ€™m very fond of, chronophotography, I traced the path of a falling leaf that is subjected to wind pressures from various directions. I then transformed that path into an abstract physical representation. Through Rhinoceros, I was able to realise such an abstract form and successfully construct it. That was my first experience using a 3-Dimensional modelling software. It opened my eyes to the various possibilities that are now available in the industry cause of softwares like this. I have no previous experience in grasshopper, however I do expect it to widen my range of abilities and allow me to expand further on the possibilities of architectural design.
he free-form pavillion, in Stuttgart, Germany, is a step in the direction of green sustainable construction and structural design. Designed by students and professors from Stuttgart Universityâ€™s ITKE (Institute of Building Structures and Structural Design), the pavillion demonstrates a new form of construction using a bioplastic containing over 90% renewable materials as itâ€™s sole structural element.
Currently, materials made from oil-based plastics, glass, or metal are mainly used to encase structures and in building facade elements. What bioplastic construction proposes is a resource-efficient alternative in the future. Bioplatics are materials made from renewable biomass sources such as starches, cellulose or other polymers.(1) Thus an alternative to plastics procured from fossil fuels. The bioplastic used in the ArboSkin Pavillion is called Arboblend and is derived by German firm Tecanro. Arboblend combines the high malleability and recycability of plastics with the environments benefits associated with materials consisting of renewable resources. This means that in the future, architects, manufactures, engineers, product technicians,
A.1. Design Futuring
can construct materials for facade cladding of at least 90% renewable resources. The material can be produced in thermoformable sheets. This means that this special type of bioplastic can be extruded into different shape and further processed as required. The sheets can be drilled, laminated, laser cut, CNC-milled, or thermoformed to produce various shapes and moulded structures. The pavillion demonstrates one of many assembly methods of the individual pyramidshaped modules. The pyramids are linked together with bracing rings and joists which makes the structure quite load-bearing. The innovative approach of this research project by ITKE marks a milestone in building industry. It provides a highly sustainable material that can be recycled, which meets the high durability and flammability standards for building materials and is structurally sound. It also provides a material that can fulfill and help realise complex architectural designs featuring complex geometries and 3D facade components.
Watercube Waterpark Beijing National Aquatic Center PTW Architects
uilt alongside the Beijing National Stadium is the Watercube National Swimming Centre for the swimming competitions of the 2008 Summer Olympics. PTW Architects coming together with CSCEC + CCDI + ARUP won the international design competition to design the aquatic centre for the 2008 games.(2) The cuboid structure is comprised of a steel fram which holds the largest clad structure worldwide with over 100,000 m2 of ETFE pillows (Ethylene tetrafluoroethylene). ETFE is a fluorine based plastic which is designed to have a high corrosion resistance a high structural strength in order to make it suitable for external cladding of buildings. The ETFE cladding allows more natural light and heat to access the building than normal glazing. This is importnat as the facade of the stadium resulted in 30% reduction in energy cost increasing itâ€™s efficiency. The Watercubeâ€™s ETFE facade maximised the capture of solar energy to heat internal spaces as well as all pools. This, of course, eliminated the reliance on standard HVAC and plant equipment,
5 A.1. Design Futuring
which was not only economic and sustainable in terms of energy usage, but allowed to have a larger interior space. The way in which the facade responds to energy concerns shows the technological sophistication of the building and a state-of-the-art materiality. The building envelope therefore does not only serve an aesthetic function, but also expands on future possibilities for energy savings and energy generation using solar energy.
References 1. http://www.dezeen.com/2013/11/09/arboskin-spiky-pavilion-with-facademade-from-bioplastics-byitke/ (accessed on 10th March, 2014). 2. PTW Architects, Watercube National Swimming Centre Project, http://www.ptw.com.au/ptw_project/watercube-national-swimming-centre/ (accessed on 10th March, 2014)