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The Architectural Association School of Architecture In Partnership with: The Adriano Olivetti Foundation Gehry Technologies Europe

Students’ Work 2013 (ENG)

Factory Futures II AA Visiting School Ivrea 2013 Architecture Without Humans

For more information: http://ivrea.aaschool.ac.uk/ http://www.facebook.com/AAIvrea


FACTORY FUTURES AN AA VISITING SCHOOL PROGRAMME In October 2011, the Architectural School of Architecture - in partnership with the Adriano Olivetti Foundation and Gehry Technologies Europe – launched Factory Futures: a unique research programme exploring innovative architectural responses for the industrial landscape of the future. By connecting the realms of critical urban theories with computational design techniques, Factory Futures is dedicated to the affirmative re-empowerment of the architectural practice within contemporary conditions of production: the engagement with the social and territorial transformations driven by the rising data-economy, together with an architectural formalization of a new industrial aesthetic is at the core of our research. Now in its third year of activities, Factory Futures keeps exploring this highly contemporary field through visiting schools, symposia, publications and exhibitions.

Š AAVS IVREA 2013


AA VISITING SCHOOL IVREA 2013 ARCHITECTURE WITHOUT HUMANS Far from being invisible, the physical infrastructure supporting today’s need for data storage and distribution is increasingly transforming the configuration of our productive landscape. In 2013 the Ivrea Visiting School has developed design tools and research concepts to confront this phenomenon, which is challenging the conventions of both architectural design and urban theory. Using the Olivetti design culture as the DNA of their design experiments, students have used time-based and associative design strategies applied towards the creation of innovative data storage infrastructures. The workflow has been subdivided in two main computational design sessions intertwined with a rich program of critical seminars, lectures and field trips focusing on the Olivetti design culture.


AAVS IVREA 2013 - WEEK 1

Sun 30-06 DAY 0 09.00 - 10.00 10.00 - 11.00

12.00 - 13.00 13.00 - 14.00

15.00 - 16.00 16.00 - 17.00 17.00 - 18.00 18.00 - 19.00

© AAVS IVREA 2013

Tue 02-07 DAY 2

Wed 03-07 DAY 3

Thu 04-07 DAY 4

Fri 05-07 DAY 5

Sat 06-07 DAY 6

LECTURE R. Grignolo Olivetti in Scarmagno

STUDIO 1 Intro to Processing

STUDIO 1 Datacenter Typologies (Processing)

STUDIO 1 Datacenter Typologies (Processing)

STUDIO 1 Datacenter Typologies (Processing)

MID REVIEW

LECTURE A. Brennan The Big “O”

STUDIO 3 Datacenter Typologies (Processing)

TUTORIALS

STUDIO 3 Posters Abstraction

LECTURE P. Bonifazio Olivetti’s industrial architecture

11.00 - 12.00

14.00 - 15.00

Mon 01-07 DAY 1

FIELD TRIP Olivetti in Ivrea

FIELD TRIP Olivetti plant Scarmagno M.Zanuso 1962-72

STUDIO 3 Scarmagno Manual

STUDIO 1 Generative autoportraits (Processing)

LECTURE Guest Artist Quayola Works STUDIO 3 Posters Abstraction

LECTURE I. Macdonald Building a datacenter


AAVS IVREA 2013 - WEEK 2

09.00 - 10.00 10.00 - 11.00

Sun 07-07 DAY 7

Mon 08-07 DAY 8

Tue 09-07 DAY 9

Wed 10-07 DAY 10

Thu 11-07 DAY 11

Fri 12-07 DAY 12

Sat 13-07 DAY 13

TUTORIALS with guest artist Quayola

STUDIO 2 Intro to Gehry Technologies Digital Project

STUDIO 2 Associative Components Digital Project

STUDIO 2 Associative Components Digital Project

STUDIO 2 Associative Components Digital Project

STUDIO 2 Associative Components Digital Project

FINAL REVIEW Guests critics

STUDIO 3 Posters Technical Drawings

STUDIO 3 Posters Technical Drawings

11.00 - 12.00 12.00 - 13.00

STUDIO 3 Posters Technical Drawings

13.00 - 14.00 14.00 - 15.00 15.00 - 16.00 16.00 - 17.00 17.00 - 18.00 18.00 - 19.00

LECTURE Gilles Retsin Object Oriented Design

LECTURE Jelle Feringa Recent Work

Monia de Marchi (AA) Max Khalen (AA) Francesco Garutti (Abitare)

AAVS CERTIFICATE CERIMONY


AA VISITING SCHOOL IVREA 2013 LECTURE SERIES OFFICINE H, VIA JERVIS, IVREA In the course of the two weeks, 7 guests intervened shaping a broad public programme in which the workshop’s major themes were investigated in depth.

01 JULY 2013 Guest Lecturer

PATRIZIA BONIFAZIO ‘Reflections on the relationship between technology and industrial architecture in Olivetti from 1930s to 1960s’

Held in the form of lectures, symposias, and skype talks (Lectures Without Humans), the contributions consituted the intellectual framework of the work which was in parallel being produced.

Patrizia Bonifazio teaches urban history at the Politecnico of Milan: her area of interest is the second half of the XX century, with a particular focus on the exchange of disciplines and scales of architectural design and urban planning. Actually she is the director of the Architectural Programme of the Adriano Olivetti Foundation.

04 JULY 2013

06 JULY 2013

Guest Expert

Guest Artist

IAIN L. MACDONALD

DAVIDE QUAYOLA

‘Data Centres: Design and Development’ & ‘Developing Digital Real Estate’

‘Recent Work’

Iain Macdonald is an architect and founder of Iain Lachlan Macdonald . Previously a director of FTSE listed Aukett and YRM he has over 28 years of experience working at varying scales of development for international clients such as AIG, Bouygues Immobilier, British Land, Colt Telecom, GSK, Steiner AG, Electricite de France, Immofinanz, Mercedes-Benz, Worldcom. Having been a Visiting Scholar at the Bartlett, he has lectured internationally at WAPIC, UCity Korea, MIPIM, RIBA, Harvard, MIT, UCL, ETH Zurich, and his work has been published and exhibited in Europe and Asia. Increasingly his focus is on the transformative impact of technology on cities and urban culture including the development a new industrial aesthetic. © AAVS IVREA of 2013

Davide Quayola is a visual artist based in London. He investigates dialogues and the unpredictable collisions, tensions and equilibriums between the real and artificial, the figurative and abstract, the old and new. His work explores photography, geometry, time-based digital sculptures and immersive audiovisual installations and performances.


01 JULY 2013

02 JULY 2013

Guest Lecturer

Lectures Without Humans

ROBERTA GRIGNOLO

ANNMARIE BRENNAN

‘The Olivetti industrial Plant in Scarmagno, 196272 Strategies for reuse and management of large scale complexes’

‘The Big O’

Roberta Grignolo graduated in Architecture from the Turin Polytechnic, in 2003 she completed the DEA in Sauvegarde du patrimoine bâti moderne et contemporain at the Institut d’Architecture de l’Université de Genève. In 2006 she gained a PhD from the Milan Polytechnic, co-supervised with the Institut d’Architecture in Geneva. Since 2009 she has been assistant-professor of Restoration and reuse of twentieth century architecture at the Mendrisio Academy. Since 2002 she has worked with the Fondazione Archivio del Moderno in Mendrisio and has recently edited “Marco Zanuso. Scritti sulle tecniche di produzione e di progetto”, Mendrisio-Cinisello Balsamo 2013.

Dr. Brennan has received her professional architectural degree from the Catholic University of America in Washington, D.C. (B.A.1993, B.Arch 1994) and continued her graduate education at Yale University School of Architecture with a Masters of Environmental Design (M.E.D. 2001). She earned a Master of Art (M.A. 2003) and Ph.D. (2011) from Princeton University. Her dissertation examines the industrial utopia of the typewriter businessman Adriano Olivetti.

07 JULY 2013

10 JULY 2013

Lectures Without Humans

Lectures Without Humans

GILLES RETSIN

JELLE FERINGA

‘Object Oriented Design’

‘Recent Work’

Gilles Retsin is a Belgian born architect holding a Masters in Architecture + Urbanism (Dist) from the Architectural Association School of Architecture’s Design Research Laboratory (AA.DRL). He is senior designer at Kokkugia in London and co-founder of SofKill Design, a collective design studio investigating generative design methodologies for additive manufacturing. He teaches Diploma Unit 6 at University of East London with Robert Stuart-Smith and was previously unit Master at the AA visiting school in Shanghai and Beijing. His current research is focused on developing Object-Oriented Design in architecture, a consistent design strategy for radical differentiation on a range of scales.

Jelle Feringa is currently writing a PhD thesis, titled Design-by-Simulation, exploring the potential of simulation for architectural conception, at the HyperBody Research Group, TU Delft. He has taught and lectured at the ESA, Paris-Malaquias, ETH, and TU Delft. He is a founding partner in EZCT Architecture & Design Research. Jelle’s work is focused on the close coupling of advanced simulation methods with evolutionary computing methods. His academic research work is focused on the development of generative design representations. Working together Thomas Paviot, Jelle has been driving the developement of an open source CAD framework, PythonOCC a CAD/CAE/PLM development framework for the python programming language.


AA VISITING SCHOOL IVREA 2013 DAY 1: FIELD TRIP / SCARMAGNO MANUAL Following the two morning lectures focusing on the Olivetti design culture, students embarked on a field trip to the former Olivetti complex of Scarmagno designed by Marco Zanuso in 1962. Each team was assigned with a specific aspect of the building to be analysed by photographs made on site and drawings generated from selected archive material. The exercise was directed at the development of a critical knowledge on grid-based systems and industrial prefabrication methodologies.

Š AAVS IVREA 2013


© AAVS IVREA 2013


AA VISITING SCHOOL IVREA 2013 WEEK I: DATA TYPOLOGIES Starting from the standard dimensional and energetic requirements of the latest modular datacentres technology (such as Microsoft ITPAC’s and Google Modular Components), students have developed highly individual scripting techniques in order to simulate dynamic modular aggregations based on specific parameters of the server units. The use of code as the main design tool allowed for a rigorous systematization of each team’s design logic: starting from one-dimensional notions of grids, students have then further expanded the complexities of their studies to three and four dimensional systems. It is precisely in the possibility of embedding growth and time-based processes to complex organizational systems that we seeked the opportunity to formulate innovative responses to the typological and organizational complexities of modular datacenters.

Google patents for modular datacenters

© AAVS IVREA 2013


PRODUCED BY AN AUTODESK EDUCATIONAL PRODUCT

PRODUCED BY AN AUTODESK EDUCATIONAL PRODUCT

PRODUCED BY AN AUTODESK EDUCATIONAL PRODUCT

PRODUCED BY AN AUTODESK EDUCATIONAL PRODUCT PRODUCED BY AN AUTODESK EDUCATIONAL PRODUCT

PRODUCED BY AN AUTODESK EDUCATIONAL PRODUCT

PRODUCED BY AN AUTODESK EDUCATIONAL PRODUCT

PRODUCED BY AN AUTODESK EDUCATIONAL PRODUCT

Students work - Differential densification strategies # Processing


Students work - Attraction / repulsion distribution strategies # Processing

Š AAVS IVREA 2013


AA VISITING SCHOOL IVREA 2013 WEEK II: DATA TECTONICS The second phase made intensive use of Gehry Technologies’ Catia based software Digital Project to explore its most powerful aspects on component-based and rule-based approaches (Powercopies, Knowledge Patterns, Rules, Instantiations…). Students have been introduced to these contemporary design concepts through a fully generic pre-defined template controlled by a series of design tables in excel. Specific parameters such as granularity, snapping, and component type have been introduced to to explore the physicality of the strategies developed in Week I. Cube

Config 0Config 0Config 0Config 0Config 05

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BOX_29 16 1 Excel Design Table # Digital Project BOX_30 16 18

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© AAVS IVREA 2013 BOX_31

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13 Students work - Granularity tests # Digital Project 15

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AA Visiting School | Ivrea, Italy | July 2013

Digital Project Workshop (w/ Lea Sattler, Digital Design Consultant)

Students work - Granularity tests # Digital Project

GehryTechnologies

Copyright Š 2013 GT France SAS All Rights Reserved


AA Visiting School | Ivrea, Italy | July 2013

Students workWorkshop - Instantiation for vertical # Digital Project Digital Project (w/ Leastrategy Sattler, Digital Design systems Consultant) © AAVS IVREA 2013

GehryTechnologies

Copyright © 2013 GT France SAS All Rights Reserved


AA Visiting School | Ivrea, Italy | July 2013 Students work - Instantiation strategy for radial systems # Digital Project Digital Project Workshop (w/ Lea Sattler, Digital Design Consultant)

GehryTechnologies

Copyright Š 2013 GT France SAS All Rights Reserved


Students work - Instantiation strategy for linear systems # Digital Project Š AAVS IVREA 2013


AA VISITING SCHOOL IVREA 2013 TEAM I FRANCESCO APOSTOLI - NIKOLA ARAMBASIC TITLE: DOPPELGANGER STRATEGY: TOP-TO-BOTTOM W1 PARAMETERS: DENSITY / HEAT / HEIGHT W2 TECTONICS: VERTICAL STACKING Team I explored a vertical growth system based on PRODUCED BY AN AUTODESK EDUCATIONAL PRODUCT

the efficiencies of the chimney effect for the natural cooling of prefabricated IT modules. By systematizing the relation between density and heat the proposal generates multiple instances of vertical aggre-

generate a city-like, vertical accumulation?

PRODUCED BY AN AUTODESK EDUCATIONAL PRODUCT

How can the resulting physicality of data production

PRODUCED BY AN AUTODESK EDUCATIONAL PRODUCT

gations based on initial density inputs.

What kind of rules should govern such aggregation? How would this aggregation relate to the traditional conception of the city?

Growth strategy # Processing PRODUCED BY AN AUTODESK EDUCATIONAL PRODUCT

Height of chimney

Vertical satcking # Digital Project Š AAVS IVREA 2013


PRODUCED BY AN AUTODESK EDUCATIONAL PRODUCT

PRODUCED BY AN AUTODESK EDUCATIONAL PRODUCT

PRODUCED BY AN AUTODESK EDUCATIONAL PRODUCT

PRODUCED BY AN AUTODESK EDUCATIONAL PRODUCT


© AAVS IVREA 2013


9m

6m

3m


OOA - Problem domain AA VISITING SCHOOL IVREA 2013

The space that has been built doesn’t actually grows but we can grow in resolution considering the continuing miniaturisation of technological objects as a exponential parameter in time

TEAM 2 MARCO CAPRANI - DAMIR MAMIC TITLE: DATA RESOLUTION STRATEGY: TOP-TO-BOTTOM W1 PARAMETERS: TIME / MINIATURIZATION W2 TECTONICS: RECURSIVE SUBDIVISION Team 2 problematized the increasing miniaturization of data storage technology and its relation to space. By developing an abstract computational model able to differentiate the resolution of the subdivision of a given volume, Team 2 proposed a data infrastructure resembling a geological formation where the strata

object oriented process

of accumulated material correspond to different

size

stages of technological advancements.

OOD - Modeling

density

A set of recursive components developed in Digital Project allowed for a consistent relationship between server space and ventilation equipment at the different resolutions.

OOD - Modeling

Components subdivision # Digital Project © AAVS IVREA 2013

OOD - Modeling

ITPAC 2013

ITPAC 2XXX


OOD - Modeling

time space

OOD - Modeling

time space 2013

XXXX

2013

XXXX

2013 XXXX

2013

2013

2020

2020

2050

2050

2150

2150

2250

2250

2xxx

FUTURE DATA STORAGE DNA

DATA STORAGE DNA

2020

2050

2150

2250

2xxx

Recursive resolution strategy # Processing

Instantiations # Digital Project AA Visiting School | Ivrea, Italy | July 2013

Digital Project Workshop (w/ Lea Sattler, Digital Design Consultant)

AA Visiting School | Ivrea, Italy | July 2013 GehryTechnologies

Digital Project Copyright Workshop © 2013 GT (w/ France Lea SAS Sattler, All Rights Digital Reserved Design Consultant)

GehryTechnologies

Copyright © 2013 GT France SAS All Rights Reserved

2xxx


© AAVS IVREA 2013


1 EXISTING CONDITION OF THE SYSTEM

AA VISITING SCHOOL IVREA 2013 TEAM 3 LORENZO MARCELLINI - COSTANZA QUENTIN

A

B

C

if A=false

if B=false

if C=true

TITLE: RULES OF ENGAGEMENT STRATEGY: OBJECT-ORIENTED W1 PARAMETERS: QUANTITY / POSITION

A+B

W2 TECTONICS: MODULARITY / CONNECTIONS

if A+B=true

A+C

(A+B)+C

if A+B=false

if (A+B)+C=true

2 2 RULES OF ATTACHMENT RULES OF ATTACHMENT

Team 3 explored an object-oriented approach where a basic set of three modular datacentre compo-

A A

nents – the vertical connection, the IT module and the ventilation shaft – is combined by a coded set of

A AA

A

B A

B AB

local rules. These rules involve the quantity of available modules (i.e. their percentage on the whole amount of modules) and their position in space. In Digital Project, Team 3 developed a modular set of interlocking elements responding to the different possibilities of combination established in the first phase.

Local sets of rules for aggregation # Processing

C CONNECTION A ITPACK

B VENTILATION SHAFT

Dell modular datacenter installation © AAVS IVREA 2013

Components typology and instantiation # Digital Project


3 DEGREE OF AGGREGATION

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DEGREE - VERTICAL B RULES OF2ndATTACHMENT

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C CONNECTION A ITPACK

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B VENTILATION SHAFT

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A+B

50%.50%.0%

A+B+C

A+A+B

A+A+A+B

A+A+A+A+B

A+A+A+A+B+A+B

66%.33%.0%

75%.25%.0%

80%.20%.0%

71%.39%.0%

33%.33%.33%

50%.25%.25%

A+A+B+C

A+A+A+B+C

A+A+A+A+B+C

A+A+A+A+B+C+A+B +C

A+B+C +A+A+B

A+A+B+C+A+A+B+C+A+B

A+A+A+B+C+A+A+B+A+B

A+A+A+A+B+C+A+C+A+B+A+A+B

A+A+A+A+B+C+A+B+C+A+A+A+A+A+B

43%.43%.14%

© AAVS IVREA 2013

50%.30%.20%

60%.20%.20%

60%.30%.10%

66%.17%.17%

62%.23%.15%

62%.19%.19%

62%.26%.12%


it pack

ventilation shaft

connection

if A = false

if B = false

if C = false

if A+B = true

if A+C = false

if (A+B)+C = true


AA VISITING SCHOOL IVREA 2013

100 %

TEAM 4 JACEK KAMIL - KLAUS PLATZGUMMER TITLE: WORLD CRAFT STRATEGY: OBJECT-ORIENTED W1 PARAMETERS: TIMEZONE / HEAT W2 TECTONICS: INTERLOCKING In analysing the different usage of a datacentre in relation to different timezones, Team 4 devised an

50 %

algorithmic logic based on a cellular automata algorythm which shifts IT loads around given number of servers (or cells). This strategy not only allows an efficient way of cooling servers by avoiding having two active servers next to one another, but also becomes a visual threedimensional representation of global IT activities in space. For this reason Team 3 proposes this strategy at the scale of the building. 0%

06:00 07:00 08:00 09:00 10:00 11:00 12:00 01:00 02:00 03:00 04:00 05:00 06:00 07:00 08:00 09:00 10:00 11:00 12:00 01:00 02:00 03:00 04:00 05:00 06:00 AM

Tectonically, Team 3 explored a complex system of

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Asia

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interlocking parametric components and their reconfiguration in space based on the varying exten-

World of Warcraft server usage per timezone

sion.

Olivetti ICO Factory Ivrea - Grid system precedent Š AAVS IVREA 2013

Components typology # Digital Project

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(x - 1, y - 1)

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if ((kind == 1) && count < 2) { newkind = 1; } if ((kind == 1) && count >= 2) { newkind = 0; } if ((kind == 0) && count == 1) { newkind = 1; }

3D Cellular Automata implementation # Processing


© AAVS IVREA 2013


COMPONENT A length ratio: 2 width ratio: 0.1

COMPONENT B length ratio: 2 width ratio: 2

COMPONENT C length ratio: 2 width ratio: 0.1

COMPONENT D length ratio: 0.1 width ratio: 0.1

ASSEMBLY A

ASSEMBLY B

ASSEMBLY C

ASSEMBLY D


AA VISITING SCHOOL IVREA 2013 TEAM 5 IVAN KRIZIC - XIN YANG TITLE: WARM AIR OUT STRATEGY: TOP - DOWN W1 PARAMETERS: COOLING / DENSITY W2 TECTONICS: MODULARITY Text Here

© AAVS IVREA 2013


density [increasing distance between IT packs] T/째C

distance/m


© AAVS IVREA 2013


AA VISITING SCHOOL IVREA 2013 TEAM 6 ILARIA TOLDO - ALES GOLOB TITLE: HIGH FREQUENCY STRATEGY: BOTTOM - UP W1 PARAMETERS: HEAT / DISTANCE W2 TECTONICS: MODULARITY Text Here

AA Visiting School | Ivrea, Italy | July 2013

Digital Project Workshop (w/ Lea Sattler, Digital Design Consultant)

© AAVS IVREA 2013

GehryTechnologies

Copyright © 2013 GT France SAS All Rights Reserved


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identification point number_ 001 client _ Siemens number of servers _ 400 power _ 36MVA at 50kV cooling _ chillers supply 4.7MW of cooling per chiller identification point number_ 002 client _ Aol number of servers _ 200 power _ 36MVA at 50kV cooling _ chillers supply 4.7MW of cooling per chiller

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identification point number_ 003 client _ Google number of servers _ 1400 power _ 2 x 10kV incomers to a dedicated substation on-site cooling _ chillers supply 11.8MW of cooling

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identification point number_ 004 client _ Yahoo! number of servers _ 800 power _ 3 x 11kV supplies for 4 transformers cooling _ 28 MW of total cooling provision

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identification point number_ 005 client _ Microsoft number of servers _ 1200 power _ 2 x 15kV incomers cooling _ chillers supply 4.7MW of cooling per chiller

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identification point number_ 006 client _ Digital Reality number of servers _ 1000 power _ 24 MW total power capacity through dedicated circuits cooling _ chillers supply 11.8MW of cooling per chiller identification point number_ 007 client _ Microsoft number of servers _ 1200 power _ 2 x 22kV supplies cooling _ 1000 watts of cooling per m²

F6

Š AAVS IVREA 2013 F7


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AA VISITING SCHOOL IVREA 2013 TEAM 7 Alexandra Savtchenko - Mihail dinu TITLE: FORTRESS STRATEGY: TOP - DOWN W1 PARAMETERS: OBSOLESCENCE / SECURITY W2 TECTONICS: STACKING Text Here

© AAVS IVREA 2013


© AAVS IVREA 2013


temperature constant climate change [attack] vandalism; risk only at site perimeter

obsolete ITPACs moved off-site

temperature fluctuation obsolescence

obsolete ITPACs repurposed` no climate change

no change

physical

temperature constant climate change [accident] fibre connection cut at nearby building site

obsolete ITPACs moved off-site

temperature fluctuation obsolescence

obsolete ITPACs repurposed`

radical instance of political instability

no climate change

temperature constant climate change digital

[attack] hacking / political activism; risk distributed randomly

temperature fluctuation

obsolete ITPACs moved off-site obsolescence obsolete ITPACs repurposed`

no climate change

SECURITY RISK

CLIMATE CHANGE

OBSOLESCENCE


© AAVS IVREA 2013


Ff press pack 2013 2  
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