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Health CHECK

Alzheimer’s and Dementia As many as 46.8 million people around the world are battling with dementia


s Alzheimer’s organizations around the world focus on raising awareness about Alzheimer’s and dementia on World Alzheimer’s Day, this September 21st, find out how a little help, lots of support, and unconditional love can help the patient find the right balance to mitigate everyday problems associated with the disease.

The early phase

unless an imaging test is done to reveal whether he/she has got Alzheimer’s. This is followed by very mild changes where you will not outwardly notice anything amiss but there may be small changes or differences in behaviour. For example, forgetting a word or misplacing something – this, of course, might also be dismissed as a mere sign of ageing.

Alzheimer’s disease is the most common form of dementia; it is a group of disorders that impairs mental functioning. Often, the disease progresses, rather unfolds in stages; however, the symptoms may vary in different patients.

The third stage is where mild decline happens, when you will see changes in the way he/she is thinking or reasoning. It could be something as obvious as forgetting something that he/she just read or common trouble in recalling names.

In the early stage, the patient will display normal outward behaviour and may not have any symptoms,

Dementia and decline

This is the stage when the little signs you noticed earlier become more

Tips for caregivers: l As a caregiver, the onus is on you to ensure that the surroundings and situations are injury-free. l Identify the stressors that could cause frustration for the patient and find ways to overcome it. l While safety requires you to create a plan of action, that doesn’t mean undermining his/her ability to do a task. Help only if the patient demonstrates inability to do something. Also, ensure that the help you are rendering is in the right direction. l Make a checklist of activities to help him/her with daily care, including grooming, bathing, dressing up, eating and physical activities.


September 2017

obvious. The patient forgets even details about him/herself and about important things. He/she even has trouble doing everyday chores. Soon, they will lose track of time and place and have trouble remembering even residential address, telephone numbers... This stage is pronounced with very noticeable changes. And as the disease progresses, he/she will have problems recognising faces and names and mistake people’s identities. He/s she might become delusional and need help in managing simple everyday tasks. The last stage is when severe decline occurs and the patient’s basic abilities such as eating, walking and sitting are affected. Many might not even be able to tell when they are thirsty.

Faces 127  

As summer gives way to autumn and all things nice, let’s usher in a fresh style quotient to give the new season a fitting welcome. Let’s cel...

Faces 127  

As summer gives way to autumn and all things nice, let’s usher in a fresh style quotient to give the new season a fitting welcome. Let’s cel...