Futures Level 2
Agenda • • • • •
Who and what drives the Futures market? Why trade When to trade How to trade using orders intelligently Good trading habits
What drives the Futures market? •Weather •Relative values of currencies •News •Politics
Why trade? •Speculation –Taking advantage of volatility for profit
•Hedging –Covering exposure of physical harvest –Reducing corporate, foreign trade liabilities –Portfolio diversification - A fundamental element of risk management
When to trade: Speculation
Released on 9/12/07 For wk 9/7 2007 Crude oil inventories (weekly change)
-7.0 M barrels
Here we see how a negative number in the oil inventories caused the price of oil to move 2 dollars in only a few hours
When to trade: Hedging A farmer growing wheat with a yearly production of 100,000 bushels has a commercial risk of falling wheat prices. Using futures contracts, he is able to hedge against this risk.
Strategy: In order to eliminate his commercial risk he sells futures contracts equal to the amount of wheat he has produced. Thus, he is selling 20 futures contracts. (5,000 Tons pr contract x 20 contract = 100,000 bushels) Result: â€˘
If wheat prices increases he is making money on the wheat in his barn.
If wheat prices drops he is making money on his futures contracts.
When to trade continued… • •
Because futures contracts, by definition will eventually reach a value date, it is important to know when each contract expires. All this information is available via out online resource centre
First notice, online expiry and Expiry date are all shown for each contract
Trading made simple… Buy and sell at market
Costs: •Nominal value of trade •Initial margin •Maintenance margin
Order window for entering or exiting the market
Using orders intelligently •
Order types – Limit – Market – Stop – Stop Limit – Trailing stop Orders can be placed in the – Trade modules – Order module – Account Summary
A 3-way order
Take profit order Entry/Buy Stop-loss order
Good trading habits • • • • • • •
Discipline! Set long-term goals Don’t overextend your finances and manage your margins Diversify, portfolio management Trade with your head, not with your heart Trade your plan: If you fail to plan, you plan to fail. Stick to your strategy. Plan the trade, trade the plan. Manage your positions and orders diligently
Published on Jun 21, 2009
Futures Level 2 Agenda • Who and what drives the Futures market? • Why trade • When to trade • How to trade using orders intelligently • Goo...