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THE DAILY RETZEL Meet the media team

t t i m com

s c i p o t ee

team build ing

food for thought

1st REGIONAL SESSION ALSACE-EYP FRANCE|ISSUE 1|16/11/2013


Editorial

You may call it a show, you may call it an experience, you may call it a movie, you may call it a fairytale, you may call it a school project, you may call it a group therapy, you may call it a friends’ reunion, you may call it a family, you may call it a second home. In Wikipedia, you will find it as a “politically and religiously unbound non-profit organization”. Since 1987, participants have given EYP (PEJ) more than a few names. This time, we called it a comic; a place when you can present the amusing image of yourself, when at the same time passing messages, expressing ideas and awakening other people’s feelings. It is in this spirit of viewing the session as a “band-dessinée” that we decided to include the comic theme in our newspaper.

But wait… Firstly, few expressions about what you are holding in your hands... This is the Daily Pretzel, the official (cartoonish) magazine of the 1st Regional Session in Alsace, organized by EYP France. The organisers made the session happened, your chairs will make you pass two productive days in Schirmeck and prepare you for a General Assembly in the actual European Parliament in Strasbourg and we, the press team of the session, will prove all the above in the magazines you will be reading. So, you’ll see us wandering

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around taking pictures, you’ll see us asking you to do weird staff, you’ll see us sitting in a corner typing at 3am, you might not see us at all.

No matter what, our cartoon avatars are now in your hands, enabling you to prepare yourselves for the session’s events, better understanding EYP purposes and of course, keeping alive your first EYP memories after the session. All we hope is that we’ll pass you this cartoon syndrome, putting you in the very special EYP spirit.

On behalf of the press-team, I welcome you in Alsace and wish you to enjoy the session! Victoria Savvidou (GR)- Editress

Bienvenue


media team Caroline a 18 ans et elle vient de Suisse. Elle déteste le café, adore nager, même pendant l’hiver, et elle parle très bien l’ espagnol. Chez elle, elle a une vache.

Kornilia est Grecque mais elle habite à Paris. Elle a peur de motos, elle a passé trois ans en Italie et a adoré la tarte flambée.

Léa a 20 ans et vit a Paris. Elle est passionnée par la Russie et a adoré la tarte flambée comme Kornilia 3


Mara est Grecque et étudie à l’île de Corfou ! Comme l’éditrice, elle est ambidextre et adore le chocolat. Elle parle tout le temps.

Tess est une franco-irlandaise de 19 ans. Elle habite à Paris et n’aime pas du tout le fromage. Elle est allée deux fois en Chine et a plus de 100 cousins.

Veronika a 19 ans elle est arrive hier de la république tchèque. Elle a vécu à Bahreïn pendant 4 ans. Ses activités préférées sont les sports dangereux et manger de la glace. 4


Qu’en est-il de la présidente ?

Nom : Charlotte Fromont Date de naissance : 18.03.1992

Caroline Widmer (CH) lui pose les questions pour vous

Quand as-tu participé à une Dans mon enfance, je collecsession du PEJ pour la pre- tionnais les stylos plumes. C’est pourquoi pour mon 20e anmière fois ? Ma première session du PEJ niversaire, mes parents m’ont était en 2008 à Lyon. Après offerts un stylo plume. Depuis cette session je suis allée à deux cette date je l’ai toujours avec autres session et jusqu’à main- moi. tenant j’ai été chair trop de fois Quelle est la chose qui fait pour pouvoir les compter. du PEJ un organisme aussi C’est ta première session spéciale ? Le PEJ-France s’adresse à tous en tant que Présidente ? Oui, c’est ma première session les jeunes. Grace à cela, à en tant que Présidente et je chaque session il y a une grande pense qu’elle va être inoubli- diversité des personnes avec des able. L’organisation est excel- origines et cultures différentes, lente et aussi les délégués sont les idées sont variées et les opintrès motivés, on a des chairs ions intéressantes. Ainsi, on est fantastiques et les journalistes sure d’avoir des discussions de qualités. Un des buts du PEJ est sont supers. de faire réfléchir les jeunes. Le Quand tu participes à une PEJ leur permet de réfléchir sur session, y a-t-il une chose leur future, leur pays, comment que tu prends toujours notre société fonctionne mais aussi s’interroger sur l’UE. Avec avec toi ?

le PEJ, on découvre de nouvelles cultures, de nouvelles régions et, aussi et surtout des nouvelles personnes. On créer de nombreuses nouvelles amitiés avec des personnes de toute l’Europe. Jusqu’à maintenant tout a fonctionné pendant cette session ? Oui, presque tous. Mais hier soir, lorsqu’on a recommencé a travailler, l’alerte incendie a commencé à sonner. Tout le monde a dû sortir, même les jeunes de l’internat. On était dehors et même les élèvent, en pyjama, sous la pluie et dans le froid …

The playlist of our president: -Ray Charles -Supertramp -U2 -Genesis -Bach -Sopin 5


teamBuilding

Veronika Wilhelmova (CZE) tells you why and how to do it.

Throughout icebreakers, trust games, brain teasers, puzzles, energizers, problem solvers and Who’s the fluffy bunny? much more, people who come from very different Imagine falling down backwards when someone backgrounds and have never met before get inyou have just met a few hours ago and barely re- volved together, relaxing the tense atmosphere at member his name, is about to catch you. Is it fear the prime beginning in a disparate group of of the unknown, instinct of self-preservation or strangers, to eventually function as a close-knit both that pop up a simple yet crucial question in team pulling together and respecting each other your head: “Can I genuinely trust this person that in a surprisingly short amount of time. Once we get to meet this array of new people, team buildhe will hold my back?”. ing provides us with the opportunity to feel comEducating young people around local, national fortable talking to them, debating complex, and European issues, providing a forum for sometimes stressful issues, sharing our ideas, young people to express their opinions, making views and perceptions without any fear of being their voices are heard, building new skills among looked down upon. It gives us the confidence to young people, developing a sense of community be ourselves, to better cooperate, and make new and citizenship – that is what EYP is about. But friendships whilst knowing that all the other delwhat makes it so distinct from all the other or- egates are in the same situation. ganisations? What gives it its special spark of Ultimately, you might even catch yourself enjoyuniqueness? ing the lightweight feeling of letting go and falling Besides its main purposes and aims, we have the into the arms of those “erenow-namelessEYP spirit. Throughout the session, you en- strangers”. counter numerous elements that are greatly essential but none of them surpass Teambuilding. It is the first activity you will engage in and will always be very valuable as well as unforgettable.

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Et alors… c’est le débat !

Les journalists vous informent sur les sujets de vos commissions.

AFCO

on top of everything, has been going through a crisis for the six past years. This cheer vulnerability J-189 has led extremist parties to grow strong and their voice is more and more heard these days. We need In less than a year from now, the European Union’s to stop this; the Union of European citizens – citizens will elect their 751 representatives for the whether officials or not – must put an end to this next five years. misconception, in order to make these elections as great as the European Union itself. Preparation and campaigns are starting to begin, Tess d’Armagnac (FR) but many EU citizens who will be called to vote next spring do not really know how their representation at a communitarian level works, how useful it really is, and if going to vote for someone they might not have seen beforehand is actually worth their time. This lack of information from the EU itself, the national governments and the media contribute to the up growing euro-skepticism which is turning into euro-antagonism. The 2017 EU referendum regarding United Kingdom’s staying in EU– even though we know it was a purely political move for an electoral purpose and that David Cameron must have regretted the moment he promised it – is a crying example of the malaise the EU is faced with. More information, thorough and constant, would enable the EU’s citizens to realize how the EU helps each and every one of them on a daily basis. Do the French farmers, for example, realize that the 21 218 € by which many of them individually benefited in 2008 and 2009 came from the EU’s Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) – and was not a grant from their national government ? Does every single European citizen acknowledge the fact that EU is the largest economy in the world? (with nearly 30% of the world’s GDP)

However, what one can be absolutely convinced of is that information is the key to raising public awareness. People just don’t know, they tend to blame the highest of the hierarchy for problems they encounter in today’s globalised world which

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AFET

L’UE et ses voisins orientaux

En 2004, en accueillant huit états dans sa collectivité, l’Union européenne a séparé l’Europe en deux groupes. Avec l’intégration de ces pays il était clair que l’Ukraine, le Belarus et la Moldavie ne deviendraient pas membres de l’UE. En 2009 l’UE a créé un partenariat avec ses voisins orientaux – le partenariat oriental. Les pays qui ont signés ce partenariat sont l’Arménie, l’Azerbaïdjan, la Biélorussie, la Géorgie, la Moldavie et l’Ukraine. Ce document réalise une association politique et une intégration économique de ces pays avec l’UE. Mais les pays ont-ils les mêmes intentions que l’UE et vont-ils vraiment tenir leurs promesses ? En prenant l’Ukraine en exemple, l’UE a décidé qu’elle voulait que l’ancienne Présidente Timoschenko puisse être soignée à l’étranger. Les députés ont décidé que le mercredi 13 novembre 2013 serait la date limite pour annoncer la décision de l’Ukraine, or les actuels dirigeants ukrainiens ne l’ont pas fait. La question est désormais de savoir comment doit l’UE réagir. Devrait-elle mettre un terme à ce partenariat ? L’Ukraine veut-elle réellement maintenir

L’U E≠

L’E UR ? O

PE

le partenariat en question ? En outre, un autre problème est que les pays listés ci-dessus pensent que l’UE s’interpose trop dans leurs affaires. Ils sont totalement opposés à cela, et de ce fait ils remettent en cause l’accord. Ceci n’est pas le seul problème qu’il y a. A l’avenir, en effet, des questions sociales comme celle concernant la création du travail vont devoir être incorporés à l’accord. Ainsi, la question qui se pose aujourd’hui est celle de savoir si le partenariat oriental est la meilleure méthode pour densifier les relations entre l’Union européenne et ses voisins orientaux.

Caroline Widmer (CH)

unEMPLoyment

The well-known crisis on the rise, unemployment rates are reaching their historical lows and Europeans, especially the young, are struggling to find proper or even any jobs. Even though issues concerning youth unemployment have a long history behind them and although the EU has already adopted austerity measures to cope with the crisis, like encouraging the youth by awarding entrepreneurs that start their own business in a young age or by creating ideal job opportunities, the situation is being deteriorated instead of being improved.

EMPL

Kornilia Kitsikopoulou

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Obviously, no one could doubt that dealing with unemployment is a long-term commitment. Therefore, children should be exposed to the business world from an early age. Apart from the “bring your children at work day” ritual that has been adopted by many companies, kids should have more incentives towards professionalism. The more one understands the possibilities of innovation from a young age, the better one can expect for personal development. The government should embrace the magnificence of the young brains and create more stimuli regarding entrepreneurship, not only in their educa(GR|)tional life, but in their everyday life as well.


(Ex)change of life

One of the best things about united Europe is that we have a chance to deeply know and love another culture within European borders, not only by visiting its country, but also by studying and living in it. And, for me, that was the great thing about Erasmus exchange program.

CULT

Every Erasmus experience is different, but they all have something in common. In the end, you feel like a better version of yourself thanks to the experiences you had, the people you met, the different language and the culture you got to taste. After that, you feel more like a European citizen, probably someone that can think outside the box.

All of a sudden, changes are announced in the way the Erasmus program works, so as to include more variations of youth mobility, not only for purely academic purposes. Now, don’t get me wrong – I am all for the changes. However, somehow I find it extremely difficult, in the middle of a severe financial crisis, to make such an attempt. If the budget for the program in question increases, then many European countries could not most likely afford it. If the budget remains as it is, who could really guarantee that it would be as easily accessible to everyone as it is today? And that is a tough question to answer…

Mara Liossi (GR)

LIBE

LIBErons-les

Les tensions autour de l’immigration semblent s’accumuler au sein de l’Union européenne pendant, qu’au delà de nos frontières – à quelques dizaines et centaines de kilomètres – des affrontements divisent et déchirent des populations entières.

de l’Union européenne, qui sont, en l’occurrence, très largement matérialisées par la Convention Européenne de Droits de l’Homme (CEDH) et la jurisprudence de la Cour Européenne de Droits de l’Homme (CEDH) préviennent de toute atteinte que d’autres peuples connaissent. Ces discriminations, qui peuvent mener a des persécutions, sont dues à leurs opinions politiques (comme en Chine ou en Russie), leur religion (comme les chrétiens en Irak, ou les rohingas, de confession musulmane, en Birmanie), leur race *, nationalité, ethnie (comme les tchétchènes de Russie, les Kurdes de Turquie ou encore les tamouls du Sri Lanka) ou encore leur appartenance à un groupe social.

Lorsque la voie politique et diplomatique échoue, et que des populations n’ont pas d’autres choix que de fuir leur pays en laissant tout derrière, la démocratie unifiée et européenne que représente l’UE se doit de les accueillir. Des solutions durables sont indispensables. Au jour d’aujourd’hui, un monde en paix semble difficilement atteignable, et libérer les personnes opprimées – et notamment les plus jeunes – de telles oppressions est notre combat.

La richesse que nous connaissons, financièrement mais également au regard de la diversité et de la * [une proposition parlementaire en date du 24 tolérance à l’intérieure de nos frontières nous in- avril 2013 propose la suppression du mot « race » combent à être attentif aux individus moins priv- de la Constitution de la Ve République] ilégies que nous. C’est en effet réellement une Tess d’Armagnac (FR) chance d’être sur un tel continent. Les législations 9


How écolos are we?

ENVI

downfall and save the human kind from extinction. Conferences have been organized, directions have The fact that the climate is constantly changing is been introduced, campaigns have been launched no news to anyone by now. We see it on a daily and, yet, we still need to make radical changes to, basis when we wake up and we look outside our at least, postpone the end of life as we know it. window, we feel it in our bones when we hear an extreme natural disaster. Our actions over the cen- In this grave effort to save the environment, unforturies caused this change in the natural environ- tunately the circumstances have not favored us. ment around us to a point from which probably The financial crisis of 2008 left no choice to the nations of the world but to cut back on their expenses there will be no going back. as much as possible – and that probably also meant cutting back on their environmental consciousFrom the time of the Industrial Revolution to the constant mining in both developed and developing ness. Without wanting to offend anyone, the bad countries, humans have seriously underestimated judgments and practices of the international comtheir planet. All this exploitation has brought us munity are well-known. today before the frightening possibility of, for example, not having enough water to survive in less However, the question still remains. How can we, the EU as a whole, take a common action for our than fifty years. better future, while keeping in mind the cultural To prevent all these from happening, the European and financial imbalances between member-states? Union along with other international organiza- Hopefully, the ENVI committee will provide us tions and institutions has tried to put a stop to this with some fruitful ideas on how to achieve that.

Mara Liossi (GR)

Forbidden fruit crisis?

AGRI

It is the year 1957. The world is growing and experimenting with nuclear energy, the first dog has been sent to the Moon, the Beatles are slowly forming a world famous band.

But it is also the time of major changes. The Treaty of Rome has been signed, establishing the Common Market and paving the way to general objectives and mechanisms in agriculture, especially the CAP. The Common Agricultural policy was adopted to discontinue interventions posing an obstacle to the free trade in goods whilst preserving existing national rules. However, as some countries wished to maintain their strong influential positions on the market, policies had to be harmonised and transferred to a European Community level. Thus, three principles safeguarding proper functioning were introduced: market unity, community preference and financial solidarity.So far, ignificant reforms have been made in recent years as to modernise the sector, making it more market-oriented.

The Europe 2020 strategy offers a new perspective for the economic, social, environmental, and technological challenges.

Besides, the issue does not only concern Europe. Each year, the EU imports about €60 billion worth of agricultural products from developing countries. This all is being negotiated or has already concluded bilateral trade agreements with Europe’s neighbours and developing countries.

The Common Agricultural Policy also provides a link between an increasingly urbanised world and an increasingly strategic farming sector. We keep seeking solutions regarding the fields of natural resources - as to secure the needs of future generations, rural areas - preserving the continuity of farming, a need that is vital to our economies and worldwide food challenges - we all like to eat at times!

Veronika Wilhelmova (CZE)


Pour(quoi pas) aller (un peu) plus loin (?) Léa Oriol (FR)

4 Quand l‘UE contribue à l’accaparement de terres et à la déforestation...

DEVE

En finançant la production d’huile de palme, l’Europe contribue directement à l’endommagement tant social, qu’environnemental du Liberia.

4 C’est quoi au juste l’accaparement des terres ?

L’accaparement des terres ou « land grabbing » signifie l’acquisition, pour au moins 30 ans, de terres agricoles dans les pays en voie de développement. Le plus souvent ce sont les pays riches et émergents qui pratiquent cette main mise afin de s’approvisionner sur le long terme. Elle s’est intensifiée suite à la crise alimentaire depuis 2008.

4 L’exemple précis de Sime Darby, géant de l’huile de palme malaisien:

Certaines grandes banques européennes et autres fonds de pensions soutiennent financièrement Sime Darby, géant de l’huile de palme malaisien. Selon une enquête des Amis de la Terre-Europe, cette entre.prise est responsable de dommages environnementaux et de violations des lois nationales du Liberia. Pour Silas Kpanan’Ayoung Siakor, chargé de campagne aux Amis de la Terre-Liberia

"Les investissements dans l’agriculture peuvent bénéficier aux pauvres mais la réalité au Liberia est extrêmement différente. Les agriculteurs perdent leurs terres et leurs moyens de subsistance, les droits des plus populations pauvres des zones rurales sont violés. Par ailleurs les forêts dont dépendent les communautés sont de plus en plus menacées. Je ne vois aucunement en quoi les communautés rurales bénéficient de quelque manière des investissements dans l’huile de palme".

Alors... 4 Investir oui, mais encore faudrait-il que les dits investisseurs le fassent de manière responsable.

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THE COMIC

by LĂŠa Oriol (FR) and Kornilia Kitsikopoulou (GRh)

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Let the cartoons speak...


just for fun Note: John Lennon’s “imagine” is the hymn of the European Youth Parliament. Traditionally, it is played at the end of each session, after the closing ceremony. This cartoon will help you guess the lyrics and prepare yourself for singing it... crying is in order. Food for thought...



1st Regional Session of Alsace - Daily Bretzel Newspaper, Issue 1 by EYP-France