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TOURIST GUIDE OF

EXTREMADURA

GOBIERNO DE EXTREMADURA


TOURIST GUIDE OF

EXTREMADURA

GOBIERNO DE EXTREMADURA Consejer铆a de Fomento, Vivienda, Ordenaci贸n del Territorio y Turismo Direcci贸n General de Turismo 2015


PREFACE

T

here is an infallible method for making a place form part of our deepest memories: walking it. The progressive change of the references in the horizon, the perception of the dimension of a slope, the feeling of going in a village for the first time‌ They are concepts whose meanings change completely when we feel them going on foot, when we are given the time to be conscious of what we perceive. Then, it does not matter if the route is short or long, because it becomes a slow trip, a special opportunity of paying attention to the details, for discovering what is around us. The paths let us approach to unknown things in a privileged way without being a stranger. Walking consists of making places belong to ourselves, but at the same time, is making us belong to that place as well. It is forming part of the nature, of the spot and mixing with the environment. It is a way of always being welcome, of acceding to some of these special places offered by those who has won its confidence. Extremadura is a really worth visiting place on foot. This is a very special land, a unusual place in Europe. Only a few regions of the old continent have reached to XXI century with a generalized state of environmental conservation like Extremadura. Thanks to its low population density and the lack of big urban conglomerations, every Extremaduran region offers close, accessible routes, compatible with other tourist activities, involved in a spectacular nature, either to share it with those who could meet in the way to it or enjoy ourselves in a privileged solitude. The landscape richness of Extremadura and the varied orography of the land are only two of the numerous reasons that make each path suggested in this Guide be a really different choice. The unforgettable taste of every region or the unavoidable change of the seasons are added to the different possibilities of a land that can reward those who make up their mind and breath it closely, a genuine area where it is still possible to live that old, wise culture of the paths.


ÍNDEX 1

General Aspects 1.1 Some details . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .10 1.2 Ways of access . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .12

2 3

Art and History

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15

Natural Spaces 3.1 The Monfragüe National Park . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .28 3.2 The Cornalvo Natural Park . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .30 3.3 The Cedillo-Tajo Internacional Natural Park . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .32 3.4 Garganta de los Infiernos Nature Reserve . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .34 3.5 Natural Monument of Los Barruecos . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .36 3.6 Mine La Jayona . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .38 3.7 Sca and Spa Sierra Grande de Hornachos . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .40 3.8 SCA and Spa Sierra de San Pedro . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .42 3.9 SCA and Spa Los Llanos de Cáceres and Sierra de Fuentes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .44 3.10 SCA and Spa Embalse de Orellana and Sierra de Pela . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .46 3.11 Other open Spaces . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .48

4

Regions and Cities 4.1 Sierra de Gata / Hurdes / Cáparra . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .54 4.2 Valle del Ambroz / Valle del Jerte / La Vera . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .58 4.3 Plasencia / Monfragüe / Campo Arañuelo . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .62 4.4 Villuercas / Jara / Ibores

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4.5 Cáceres / Trujillo-Miajadas / Montánchez-Tamuja . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .70 4.6 Sierra de San Pedro-Los Baldíos / Tajo-Salor-Almonte / Valle del Alagón . . . . . . . . . . .74 4.7 La Siberia / La Serena / Vegas Altas del Guadiana . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .78 4.8 Campiña Sur / Tentudía / Jerez-Sierra Suroeste . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .82 4.9 Olivenza/Badajoz / Comarca de Lácara / Mérida . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .86 4.10 Sierra Grande-Tierra de Barros / Zafra-Río Bodión . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .90

5

Other aspects: 5.1 Tourist Routes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .96 5.2 Festivities and Festivals . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .102 5.3 Handicrafts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .108 5.4 Spas . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .110 5.5 Information of Interest . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .114


1

GENERAL ASPECTS

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xtremadura, with an extension of 41,602 square kilometres, the 8% of the national territory, is located in the easternmost part of the South Submeseta bordering on Sistema Central to the north, Sierra Morena to the south, the nearby Portugal to the west and Castilla-La Mancha to the east. Almost 1.100.000 people live in these lands, with approximately 25 people / square kilometre whereas in Spain it is 80 people / square kilometre. Badajoz is the most populous city of the region, after the capital of CĂĄceres and MĂŠrida, which is the autono-mous capital. Plasencia, Trujillo, Coria, Navalmoral, Almendralejo, Don Benito, Villanueva de la Serena, Jerez de los Caballeros or Zafra are some of the most important nucleus of the autonomous region. 9

Trujillo


SOME DETAILS

1.1

10

The weather in the Extremaduran region is clearly influenced by the proximity of the Atlantic Ocean and the location in the middle of the plain, in spite of the clear features of the Mediterranean weather, which is reflected in most part of the landscapes. That makes it be different from the typical “meseteño”, either in the milder temperatures or the vegetation, where the Mediterranean forest is the main character. The rain in Extremadura is frequent in autumn and spring, with mild temperatures almost all the year round, except for the summer months when the temperatures rises and get milder at night, over all in north valleys and mountainous ranges. Two main rivers cross these lands, Tajo and Guadiana. Their waters are used either for agricultural irrigation or for the important hydroelectric production, thanks to the numerous reservoirs such as Alcántara, Valdecañas, García Sola, Orellana, Zújar and the impressive La Serena, the second one in capacity in Europe. These reservoirs provide numerous kilometres of sweet coast very appropriated for nautical, sport activities.

Bath area. Reservoir of Garcia Sola

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Valle del Jerte

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WAYS

1.2

OF

Extremadura possesses a great group of roads well distributed all around the region. We cannot forget the fact that the two Extremaduran provinces are the most extensive ones in the whole peninsula and let us introduce in any place of its beautiful geography. Badajoz, Cáceres and the autonomous capital of Mérida are linked with each other through some dual carriageways, like the A-5, between Badajoz and Mérida, or through the Ex-100 that links the two capitals of province and the dual carriageway A-66, which brings Cáceres nearer Mérida.

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According to these strategic, administrative points, the two main roads that cross the Extremaduran region are used to link the north with the south thanks to, in one hand, the A-66 dual carriageway, which goes from Baños de Montemayor to Monesterio following the route of the historical Vía de la Plata (consequently it becomes a door towards Castilla – León and Andalusia); on the other hand, the A-5 dual carriageway, which goes from the northeast to the west and coming from Madrid and lands of Castilla - la Mancha. It crosses the region from Navalmoral de la Mata to Badajoz going to the nearby Portugal and its capital, Lisbon. Moreover, other two regional dual carriageways EX-A1, that links Navalmoral de la Mata with Plasencia and Coria, and EX-A2, that brings A-5 to the important zone of Vegas del Guadiana by the link between Don Benito and Miajadas. Very important national roads like 432 from Badajoz towards Andalusia by Cordoba and Granada, and 430 from the outskirts of Mérida towards Castilla- La Man-

General Aspects

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Art and History

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ACCESS

cha and the regions of Valencia and Murcia, through Ciudad Real, will become carriageways that will provide a most fluid traffic. In addition to these national roads, we have the 110 road that links Plasencia with Ávila through Valle del Jerte and 521 road that goes from Cáceres to Valencia de Alcántara, bordering on Portugal. A wide group of secondary roads give access to the main Extremaduran capitals and nucleus from any locality of Extremadura, being well-preserved. We can come into the Extremaduran region either from Madrid or from Seville and even Portugal, due to the high-speed railways in the short term, thanks to the AVE (high- speed train), which will link Madrid with Lisbon. Cáceres is linked with Mérida and Badajoz through regional trains that go to the south, east and north of the region as well. Extremadura possesses an airport in Talavera la Real, close to Badajoz. Mérida and Cáceres are linked by flights to other important Spanish cities such as Madrid or Barcelona. This way of acceding to the Extremaduran region can be complemented with a complete offer of daily regional buses, which link the two Extremaduran provinces and their most outstanding nucleus, with most of the rest of the Spanish regions and the main nearby capitals, such as Salamanca, Toledo, Ciudad Real, Cordoba, Seville, Huelva and Madrid.

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s Lusitania Bridge.

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ART AND HISTORY

s

T

2

he geographic situation of the Extremaduran lands has made them be a zone of constant settlements of all the cultures and villages that have inhabited in the Iberian Peninsula from Palaeolithic to the arrival of Roma. Thanks to that, it is possible to know “in situ” the important artistic or architectonical examples of unquestionable, hereditary value, many other that have been brought to the display cabinet of the Extremaduran Museums, without forgetting about those which are proudly on display in National and International Museums. Roman troops and settles coming from the Roman province of Bética would arrive at the current Extremadura trying to annex new lands to the Roman Republic at the beginning of II b. C.

“Carlos V a caballo en Mühlberg” of Tiziano

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s “Epifanía” of Isebrant in Guadalupe


ART

2

AND

HISTORY

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Roman arch of Cáparra. Vía de la Plata.

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After serious difficulties and bloody fights against Veton and Lusitanian people, where the famous Viriato would stand out in the middle of this century, Roma would expand its dominations to the lands in the north of Tajo river and founded a new province in Hispania, Lusitania, whose capital would be Emerita Augusta, the current Mérida. A historical-artistic legacy, as wide as important, dates back to this long period of cultural, economic, military settlement: theatres, amphitheatres, temples, bridges, aqueducts, dams, hot baths, funeral monuments, paved roads like the famous “Vía de la Plata”, a Roman route that linked the lands of Itálica, passing by Emerita and which goes in this region from Monesterio in the south of Extremadura that borders on Andalusia, to Baños de Montemayor, close to the nearby lands of Castilla y León. The provincial museums of Cáceres and Badajoz, and over all, the National Museum of Roman Art of Mérida offers the chance of knowing numerous archaeological pieces of work dated back to this time among the numerous ones preserved for visitants and researchers to enjoy themselves. The Visigothic lands of Extremadura and particularly of Mérida would turn it into a strategic centre of the Visigothic Hispania since 469 and in an important focus, not only political and religious, but also artistic. There are interesting, artistic examples with clear Roman-Christian influences and beautiful Byzantine, Oriental, African shapes appeared, and at the same time they marked the rest of the Visigothic Spanish reign stylistically and also known as Hispanic-Visigothic art.

Dolmen of Valencia de Alcántara

Roman Museum. Mérida

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Among these artistic works, many of them with a religious meaning, like the case of the basilicas or baptisteries, many cut sculptures are conserved as well as numerous architectonical elements belonging to religious buildings and some from the capital of Mérida. There, you can admire them either in the Visi-gothic Art Museum of Mérida or in the Provincial Museums of Cáceres and Badajoz.

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The presence of the Arabs in Extremadura, started a few months after Guadalete ´s battle in 711 and finished in 1248 when Montemolín, the last Muslim possession in Extremadura was conquered by troops of Christian reigns, will last more than 5 centuries. The Extremaduran lands, very close to the influential, political, religious, artistic life of the Emirate and Caliphate of Cordoba, would have important administrative centres in Badajoz, Mérida and other nucleus, among which Badajoz stands out among the rest in XI century, which will become an important Taifa reign after the decline of Omeyas from Andalusia. The following arrival of Almohads and Almoravids will bring some changes and religious, artistic influences to these lands which border on Tajo and Guadiana rivers, thus leaving a valuable artistic legacy in numerous localities of the Extremaduran region as well as the predecessors Omeyas did in the political power of the Muslim world in the peninsula. For centuries, the Muslim settlement in Extremadura left important folkloric–artistic examples dated back to that time in numerous localities. Some former military fortifications or settlements, sometimes conserved without many changes and other times, transformed and appropriated by the nest dwellers. In this artistic-historical time there are numerous discoveries, magnificently on display in some Extremaduran Museums, specially in the Provincial Archaeological Museum of Badajoz. The fact that the Extremaduran lands were in Arabs´ hands, over all in the southernmost part, caused a great curb for the European, artistic, cultural influences. Therefore, the Romanesque art would be late in these latitudes.

Visigothic column found in Almendral

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Then, while the religious or civil constructions proliferated in this style in the north of the peninsula and most part of Castilla y Le贸n in XI, XII and XIII centuries, in the medieval Extremadura the Romanesque art did not leave any mark until the end of XIII century, and even later, offering an obvious influence of Gothic style, very popular in Europe since that century, in most part of the conserved works. The Extremaduran lands are frontiers between the reigns of Le贸n and the Muslim territorial lands which will last until the middle of XIII century. The repopulation of these regions will be carried out slowly and therefore, most part of the religious buildings, for example, was built over others Muslim buildings, mosques, citadels, etc.

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Moorish cistern in C谩ceres

General view of the Citadel in Badajoz

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They are centuries of distributing lands between the new owners of the zone and most part of the lands were entrusted to Military Orders that will control these regions absolutely, such is the case of the ones of The Temple, Alcántara, Santiago or Calatrava, real introductories and controllers of any artistic or cultural movement, usually coming from the peninsular north. Furthermore, it is hardly surprising the fact that the most important nucleus of the north of the Extremaduran region are those which possess the best examples of Romanesque or Proto-Gothic art, over all the ones in Plasencia and in its admirable cathedral and finding excellent examples in other localities, such as Trujillo, Alcántara or Alburquerque. In addition to that, the Romanesque statues have some examples of artistic-historical interest, in which Virgen de Guadalupe, dated back to XII century or Virgen del Sagrario in the cathedral of Plasencia stand out among the rest. The Muslim culture that had prevailed in Extremadura, from VIII until XIII century, still kept on leaving its influence in a discrete way in civil, military and religious buildings over all, thanks to an artistic style with unquestionable Almohad features. We refer to the Mudejar art. This style would appear in lands of Extremadura deeply, lands dominated by the Order of Santiago in the provinces of Badajoz and in the localities around the Monastery of Guadalupe. Therefore, there are not many examples of Mudejar art in the regions under the domination of other Military Orders. Then, since the end of XIII until XVI century, this beautiful artistic style, where wooden roofs, bevelled pillars and tumid arches prevail, will be reflected in the facades of

the houses, in palaces, fortifications and squares, even in bridges and over all, in towers and inside the churches. The materials used in this kind of constructions of Mudejar style, where sobriety is always the main common feature, are masonry, granite ashlars and over all, bricks. This Islamic tradition would mix up with beautiful Gothic traceries, pointed arches, transversal group of arches, etc. The two zones with most beautiful examples of Mudejar style are situated in lands near other important nearby Mudejar focuses: Toledo, close to Guadalupe, Alía or Valdecaballeros and Seville to the south of Extremadura with Palomas, Puebla de la Reina, Hornachos, Azuaga or Tentudía. As well as it happened with the Extremaduran Romanesque art, the Gothic style in Extremadura appeared lately in relation to the north of the Peninsula, in spite of the fact that its artistic influences were expanding until XVI century.

Castle of Alburquerque

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Faรงade of the Old Cathedral. Plasencia

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Mudejar cloister of Guadalupe

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Piedad de Luis de Morales. Cathedral of Badajoz.

Rocamador s church. Valencia de Alcántara

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The Gothic movement will be a continuity of the Romanesque and Proto-Gothic movements at the beginning and the most splendid centuries would be XV and XVI, even due to the artistic, stylistic production in Extremadura, in the middle of XV century, when it would expand to the rest of the peninsular Christian reigns. Extremadura, which belonged to the reigns of León and Castilla during XV and XVI centuries, would belong to the monarchs of Casa de Austria in XVI century, and as it happened with Romanesque style, the Military Orders will be the main promoters of the religious, civil and military constructions, where the labour carried out by the Order of Santiago and the one of Alcántara stand out. The construction will be made of stone and granite, without forgetting about wood and adobe among the most used materials. However, the cross vaults, real constructive symbol of this time and style, prevail in the biggest buildings.

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During this artistic-historical period, Extremadura will be frequently visited by the monarchs in that moment, like the case of the Catholic Monarchs, Isabel and Fernando, pointing out the fact that the Emperor and king of Castilla, Carlos I, wanted to rest in the Monastery of Yuste in his last days, as he considered it as a place for looking for peace during his last years of life. During these centuries the discoveries of the American continent will have important characters who were born in these Extremaduran lands. We refer to Hernán Cortés, Pizarro, Orellana and many others, who became the main universal Extremaduran characters of the XVI century in Spain, helping to make the so-called “Meeting between two worlds: Europe and America” come true. The Renaissance trends will arrive at Extremadura with some delay, as well as it occurred with the Romanesque and Gothic, and the Gothic influences, for example in architecture, would exist until the first quarter

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A Zurbarán painting

Cathedral of Plasencia

of XVI century and even Gothic and Renaissance elements coexisted during this period of time. That fact can be demonstrated when observing the pictorial art where a personal, admirable combination of the Italian and Flemish features will be reflected on the person of Luis de Morales. Once this delay was overcome, Extremadura will know decades of a great Renaissance splendour, a style which has left magnificent marks in our cultural heritage. Therefore, those years could be regarded as the best ones in the modern history in regards to the art. Cathedrals and churches will renovate the medieval buildings, getting as a result numerous works of a marvellous beauty, where the Renaissance influences of room and monumentality will be repeated during this century. The Military orders will have an important role in the expansion of this artistic style predominant in Europe with the politic authority of the Spanish Austrias. The influence of artists coming from Salamanca, Andalusia and other places in the peninsula will be a constant aspect in XVI century and with them, the admired Renaissance ideas approved either by civil or religious authorities. Austrias and Borbones governed most part of the countrymen and countrywomen in Spain and Extremadura. They were Moorish people who were dependent on the Military Orders and had to leave their lands and houses, being expelled according to Felipe III´s wishes in 1609. It was the beautiful locality of Hornachos one of the most affected ones because of this expulsion which caused the

T O U R I S T

G U I D E

foundation of the Republic of Salé, in the north of Africa and near Rabat, by some of the Moorish people from these localities. The Baroque movement will appear in XVII century with a certain reticence. Nevertheless, it developed brightly in XVIII century, in whose second part would go hand with hand with the Neo-classical stream. Furthermore, XVII and most part of XVIII centuries will bring new artistic direction in the civil and religious architecture, in the interesting statues and the important pictorial examples, where an Extremaduran painter will shine like a real star. We refer to Francisco de Zurbarán, born in Fuentes de Cantos and whose admirable work can be observed in the sacristy of the Monastery of Guadalupe. The Baroque artistic newness and some civil, military constructions, all of them with clear mannerism influences, Austria style and the so-called Extremaduran “bajo Barroco” will be captured in churches, convents and hermitages. Andalusia would be located in the southernmost part whereas Castilla would do it in the northernmost part of the Extremaduran lands. Moreover, XIX and XX centuries are two centuries with remarked changing features either in a social or political and cultural way, which has influenced in the architectonical, sculptural and pictorial styles of that time. Centuries of important, transcendental, agricultural, industrial and social revolutions, some of them as a result of the French Revolution in 1789, will affect Spain and Extremadura. Unquestionably, these influences would be

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San Bartolomé s church. Jerez de los Caballeros

Extremaduran and Latin American Museum of Contemporary Art. MEIAC. Badajoz

more powerful at the beginning of XIX century, when some war confrontations took place with the nearby French country in the so-called Independence War. In addition to that, XIX is a century where the classicism inspired in the Greco-Latin world, started in the previous century, will triumph and will appear in Extremadura after a while, as well as it had happened before with other artistic trends, a question that occurred in the middle of XIX century. This XIX century will have important, revolutionary political changes: Fernando VII´s return, his daughter Isabel II coming to the throne and civil wars between her followers and Carlists, expulsion of the queen, Amadeo of Saboya was proclaimed king, instauration of the First Republic, loss of the last American colonies, etc. Furthermore, XX century will be as changing as the

previous one: king Alfonso XII ´s abdication, the Civil War, period of military dictatorship, restoration of Monarchy and an important period of political, democratic freedom in the last quarter of this century. All that will be reflected in the creative, cultural world in Spain and in Extremadura locally, divided into two provinces since the very beginnings of XIX century and which will not be set up until 1983. This XX century will bring Modernism and numerous artistic expressions of vanguard, some of them together with philosophical, cultural trends that will mark the numerous Extremaduran or foreign painters, sculptors or architects who have developed their work in this region. Many cities of Extremadura possess interesting works dated back to this time, over all in architecture; there are

24

General Aspects

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Vostell Museum. Malpartida de Cáceres

25

several regions proud of the avantguard works of the engineers, sculptors or architects who have inspired by Extremadura or part of Extremadura in the carrying out of a decorative, functional or practical work. Nonetheless, there are lots of architects and engineers, together with painters or sculptors, who have lived under the inspiration by Extremadura, still coming from other latitudes of the world, such as Vostell, whose Museum located in Malpartida de Cáceres causes an unquestionable, international admiration. In Museums such as the Extremaduran and LatinAmerican Museum of Contemporary Art (MEIAC) and those of Fine Arts and Casa de los Caballos in Cáceres, the visitant can have a magnificent, wide view of the Extremaduran and avant – garde art of the last few centuries, with artist of international fame whose works of

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G U I D E

arts are on display in their rooms and stand together with other foreign works of great prestige. They are worth mentioning the original, attractive Ethnographic Museums standing in numerous Extremaduran nucleus, with obvious examples of a legacy admired more and more, either among the Extremaduran visitants or among those coming from other Spanish regions and who really appreciate the cultural, anthropological value of these works, some of them with thousands of didactic pieces on display in rooms that were former castles, feudal houses, farming houses or avantgarde buildings in ancient times created for that. Those situated in the localities of Olivenza, Don Benito, Plasencia and Huerta de Ánimas, in addition to the ones in Trujillo, stand out among all of them.

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NATURAL SPACES

E

3

Extremadura is one of those rare places in Europe where it is still possible to maintain a close relationship with nature at its purest on a daily basis. Its sociodemographic oddities, such as its low population density or the traditional sustainable exploitation of the resources of the pastures, have enabled the region to enter the 21st Century with an excellently preserved environmental heritage. The biodiversity of Extremadura is surprising. The huge variety of ecosystems and landscape, from the mediterranean to deciduous forests, from semi steppe conditions to some of the greatest wetlands on the European continent, today offer habitat and in some cases a last/final/remote refuge to numerous species of flora and fauna. It is for this reason that almost 30% of the region’s land is under some sort of environmental protection scheme.

27


THE MONFRAGÜE NATIONAL PARK

3.1

LOCATION The Monfragüe National Park takes up an area of 17852 hectares and its boundaries coincide with those of the Special Protection Area which has the same name. This protected area spreads out from both sides of the Tajo river, with the mouth and a valuable stretch of the Tiétar river being included. With a privileged location, it borders on the South of the natural region of Campo Arañuelo. The mountain ranges of this area form an arch which is the backbone of the union between Las Villuercas and the mountains which surround the fertile lowland of the Alagón River, thus acting as an ecological corridor.

TORIL

RECOMMENDATIONS FOR VISITS 28

Declared Nature Reserve in 1979, it was the first protected area. This urgent declaration was motivated by the serious threats that, at that time, meant a great danger for the place which was already regarded as one of the most valuable enclaves in the Iberian Peninsula. The construction of large dams in the Tajo and Tiétar rivers, with the subsequent destruction of all the plant life of their groves and their banks, as well as the massive reforestations with eucalypts in the 70s, threatened the conservation of the main protecting area for the various endangered species and one of the most well-preserved area of Mediterranean flora.

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Any visit to Monfragüe must be initiated in the Visitor Centre, where we can gather information about routes, itineraries and activities as well as useful and accurate information. As regards numerous groups of visitors, it is recommendable to previously make an appointment by calling the National Park’s information number and pointing out the type of activity to be carried out. Due to the importance of the species that exist in the area and their sensitivity to nuisance, visitors cannot take routes or itineraries other than those indicated by the State Environment Office. Besides, camping is not allowed in this area. In fact, there is a camping site near Villareal, by the Cáceres-Trujillo road. Nonetheless, the stay at the huts in Villareal is only for those groups which are to carry out an environmental education project after applying for it to the National Park’s Management. It is recommendable to visit it in spring, autumn and winter.

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Raise to the Castle

Deer in the pasture

View of the river Rajo

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THE CORNALVO NATURAL PARK

3.2

For nearly two millenniums the Cornalvo Roman Dam continues to provide water to various towns. From a bird’s eye view, it looks like a horn/antler: “cornus albus”, white horn…hence Cornalvo. Named a national monument in 1912, the dam is constructed from blocks of stone that, in line with the gradient, divide the waters of the Las Muelas reservoir. The economic strength of the area was and continues to be cattle exploitation. Within the area various farmhouses have been constructed including one belonging to the Count of Campomanes (18th Century), the grandest of them all. Carlos III handed over the land for its development and improvement and in 1795 Carlos IV stayed here during is journey to Badajoz.

LOCATION 30

The uniformity of the landscape is the most significant feature of Cornalvo. The raised area is almost completely dominated by flat granite pastures, and the spurs that emerge from the sierras do not even reach 550m in height, for example, Sierra Bermeja and Sierra del Moro. This uniformity is not altered by the presence of the berrocal, neatly integrated into the gentle undulating landscape which, together with the waterfalls and potholes of the Las Muelas creek, “El Rugidero”, reveal the interesting geomorphologic features.

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The Cornalvo Natural Park is approximately located in the geographical centre of Extremadura, in Vegas del Guadiana. It can be regarded as the vertex of two mountainous formations that meet at this peculiar enclave. On one hand, the mountainous alignments of Sierra de San Pedro; and on the other hand , Sierras de Montanchez, a prolongation of the great mountain mass, thus being the last mountain barrier before crossing the valley of Guadiana. Besides, the municipal terms of Mérida, Aljucén, Mirandilla, San Pedro de Mérida and Guareña are partly included in its extension of 10,500 hectares. The locality of Trujillanos, despite the fact of being the traditional entrance to the Park, is not included inside the limits , but it possesses the magnificent Interpretation Centre.

RECOMMENDATIONS FOR VISITS Any visit to the park must be initiated in the Interpretation Centre, where some information about the most convenient itineraries and other recommendations will be offered. Op-

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Cork

31

Aerial view of the reservoir Cornalvo

posite the Interpretation Centre, in the dehesa where San Isidro´s hermitage is located, we can find a marvellous resting area with big tables for large groups of visitants. Most part of the routes of the Nature Reserve pass through exploitations dedicated to the extensive cattle farming, that it the reason why we must be careful and close all the doors and railings in order to avoid problems with the animals. Furthermore, it is not allowed to have a bath in the

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G U I D E

reservoir of Cornalvo because of being a dam of drinking water supply. It is recommended the visit to the spot of Berrocal del Rugidero after autumn to spring rain, when the low of Arroyo de las Muelas is higher and the sound of the water in the holes of the granite is more spectacular. When the rocks of granite are damp, you should be careful when walking over them due to the risk of falling down.

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3.3

SPA

CEDILLO - TAJO INTERNACIONAL

LOCATION

ESPAÑA CEDILLO

HERRERA DE ALCÁNTARA

ALCÁNTARA RÍO TAJO

SANTIAGO DE ALCÁNTARA CARBAJO RÍO SALOR SIERRA DE SAN PEDRO

PORTUGAL

MEMBRÍO

RÍO ALBURREL

RÍO SEVER

SALORINO

32 VALENCIA DE ALCÁNTARA

The Cedillo-Tajo Internacional Natural Park is located to the West of the province of Cáceres, bordering on Portugal. The boundaries of this area are parallel to the Tajo and Sever Rivers, occupying a narrow strip of land which includes all the limits of their courses, except for the last stretch of the Tajo River, where limits widen and spread out throughout the dehesas and slopes that fall towards the Sever, thus taking up the whole of Cedillo municipal district. The Natural Park is in contact with the protected area of Portugal, where the Tajo River is regarded as a Nature Reserve. In Extremadura, This Natural Park borders on the Special Area of Conservation known as “Sierra de San Pedro” as well as on the Sites of Community Importance known as “Río Erjas”, “Llanos de Brozas”, “Rivera de Aurela” and “Riveras de Carbajo y Calatrucha”, thus revealing the significance of the nature values that exist in this privileged corner of the region. Because of its flatness, the Natural Park of Cedillo-Tajo Internacional only takes up 13263 hectares, which spread throughout the municipal districts of Cedillo, Herrera de Alcántara, Santiago de Alcántara, Valencia de Alcántara, Carbajo, Membrío and Alcántara.

RECOMMENDATIONS FOR VISITS By virtue of the Wild Birds Directive (79/409/ECC), this valuable cross-border zone was declared a Special Protection Area in 2000 by Decree 232/2000, by means of which new areas were declared Special Protection Areas in Extremadura. In 2006, this place has been declared as Natural Park.

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Sailing in this reservoir is only possible between the 1st of January and the 31st of July, a measure that was taken especially with a view to protecting the birds that nest by banks, since they are very sensitive to the presence of human beings. The use of motorboats or boats without a motor requires permission by the State Environment Office.

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It is not allowed to follow routes that are different from those that are recommended, especially near banks. Besides, it must be avoided to get near river banks especially from February up to June, a period in which the most sensitive species (the black stork, the Bonelli’s eagle, the Egyptian vulture and the Golden eagle) nest. The Roman bridge of Alcántara is a must-see construction. This superb bridge was the first that was built to make it possible to cross the Tajo during an epoch in which its wild waters were not curbed by the reservoirs existing today.

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Roman bridge of Alcántara

River Tajo

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GARGANTA

3.4

DE LOS INFIERNOS

NATURE RESERVE LOCATION

Garganta de los Infiernos Nature Reserve is located in the region of Valle del Jerte, in the southeast slope of Sierra de Gredos. It is regarded as the door of entrance to the Autonomous Region of Extremadura from the province of Ávila, a real balcony towards the valley that opens to the plain of Cáceres. The small extension of the Reserve, 6,800 hectares, is divided into three municipal terms: Tornavacas, Cabezuela del Valle and Jerte.

RECOMMENDATIONS FOR VISITS

34

That is the only one Nature Reserve in the Group of Protected Areas of Extremadura nowadays. Actually, it was declared as such in 1994, through a Decree in which the precise description of its limits is reflected. Regarding its nature values, specially the mountain habitat, the Garganta de los Infiernos Nature Reserve forms part of the Site of Community Importance (LIC), the so-called “Sierra de Gredos and Valle del Jerte”, proposed by the Extremaduran Autonomous Region for it to be included in the future “Natura Network 2000”. The LIC, with over 74,000 hectares of extension, includes the whole mountain mass of Gredos and the main valleys.

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Due to the fact that the conditions of the mountain are really hard and the sudden meteorological changes produced that can catch the visitant, it is always recommended to bring warm clothes and protection from the rain. As regards the difficulty of certain routes, it is convenient to ask for information to the staff of the Reserve, who will advise you about the most appropriate routes for each group according to your preferences. Many of the species of flora of the Reserve are strictly protected due to the fact that they are very scarce, thus it is banned to recollect any plant. Los Pilones, the zone which attracts the largest groups of visitants, is the most vulnerable place due to that. Therefore, it is recommended to be specially careful in order to avoid the rubbish being thrown and help it to keep on being a beautiful place where the intensive use by the public and its conservation are compatible.

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Griffon vulture

35

“Los Pilones”

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NATURAL MONUMENT

3.5

CA MI NO DE A LA CAÑADA LD EA DEL CANO MOLINO

CHARCA DE FRASCO DÍEZ MOLINO

M DE

ON

CHARCA DEL BARRUECO DE ARRIBA

Z HE

FUENTE DE LOS BURGAÑOS

NC TÁ

FUENTE DE LA SERRANA

MOLINO

RECOMMENDATIONS FOR VISITS

MUSEO VOSTELL MOLINO CHARCA DEL PEÑAS DEL TESORO BARRUECO DE ABAJO

DEHESA DE LAS TRESCIENTAS

CENTRO DE INTERPRETACIÓN DE LA NATURALEZA

36

It was the first declared Natural Monument in the whole region, whose Decree of creation was published in 1996. Later, in the Law 8/98 of conservation of the nature and natural areas of Extremadura, it is recognized and integrated in the Group of Natural Areas of Extremadura.

LOCATION The wide plains which spread out in most part of the lands between Brozas and Trujillo, located on the plain of Cáceres, are surrounded by blocks of granite in some enclaves, but only a few are as spectacular as Los Barruecos. The surroundings of the Natural Monument possess

General Aspects

LOS BARRUECOS

pasture zones and crops, as well as some isolated holmoak woods, which provide more value to the zone. The protected area stands totally in the municipal term of Malpartida de Cáceres and takes up 319 hectares.

TORRE ORGAZ O IN M CA

CARRETERA DEL LAVADERO DE LANAS

OF

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In the visits to the zone of the granite, you must avoid disturbing the storks that nest in the rocks, specially during the period of incubation and when the chickens are younger, due to the fact that we can motivate the failure in the reproduction. It is not convenient to approach to the nests where those animals could be incubating. In the sandy banks, with rushes and grasses, certain bird species usually nest, therefore we must avoid approaching to the water. In the period of rain, and early in the morning, the granite is very slippery and you can take the risk of falling down if you are not aware. Besides, there are a group of guards who will give you information about the routes or any aspect of the Natural Monument. The Vostell-Malpartida Museum, close to the dam of Charca del Barrueco de Abajo, is a must-see location. It was created in 1976, after the restoration of the former washing place, and most part of the magnificent works by the German artist Wolf Vostell are kept inside it. Moreover, in the zone of Peñas del Tesoro, some of his sculptures can also be contemplated. In Malpartida, the Museum dedicated to the contemporary painter Juan Narbón can be visited.

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“Charca del Lavadero”

37

Stork

Landscape

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MINE LA JAYONA

3.6

RECOMMENDATIONS FOR VISITS FUENTE DEL ARCO

PROVINCIA DE BADAJOZ

PROVINCIA DE SEVILLA ERMITA DE LA VIRGEN DEL ARA SIERRA JAYONA

MONUMENTO A FÉLIX RODRÍGUEZ DE LA FUENTE

SANTA CRUZ

The whole route must be carried out with a helmet, which is given to the visitants before acceding to the different stages. In the narrowest streets, you must avoid causing crowds. Therefore, you must follow the indications given by the guides who go with the groups and only those places where the access is allowed can be visited. Despite the fact that the conditioning of the mine makes the route be totally safe, the caution is essential in order to avoid accidents.

LA CAPITANA

CARRACA

Visit to the mine

MINA DE LA JAYONA SIER

RA D

E SA

38

N MIG

UEL

Declared Natural Monument through a Decree of Junta de Extremadura in 1997 and later recognized as such in the Law 8/98 of “Conservation of the Nature and Natural Areas of Extremadura”, thus forming part of the Group of Protected Areas of Extremadura.

LOCATION The Natural Monument of Mine La Jayona is located in the southeast of the province of Badajoz, almost in the limit with the province of Seville. This protected area includes the surrounding lands of the mine and has an extension of 80 hectares, thus being inside the municipal term of Fuente del Arco.

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“Elanio azul�

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Inside the mine

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3.7

SAC AND SPA

RÍO CENTRO DE RECUPERACIÓN ADENEX

SIERRA GRANDE

ILL

AS

DE S RA NO ER PI SI OS L

MIRADOR DE LA MAGRERA

SIERRA GRANDE

RR

AD

EL

AM

IJA

R

HORNACHOS

40

In 1989, after applying the Directive of Birds (79/409/ CEE), it is classified as Special Protection Area (ZEPA), thus according to the compulsory European rules. Later, after publicizing the Law 8/98 of “Conservation of Nature and Natural Areas of Extremadura” is included in the Group of Protected Areas of Extremadura with the figure of Special Conservation Area (SCA), having the same limits as ZEPA.

LOCATION The Sierra Grande Special Conservation Area of Hornachos is one of the mountain enclaves that stand in the

General Aspects

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Art and History

HORNACHOS

region of Tierra de Barros, at the back of the locality of Hornachos, and built in one of its slopes, with a privileged location. The central position of the mountainous range in the region makes its water flow into several rivers, such as Matachel, Guadámez and Palomillas, which rise from the runoffs of these valleys. It borders on the reservoir of Los Molinos and with nearly treeless lands, where dry cops prevail, in the southeast. Nevertheless, in the southwest its limits are steeper , thus bordering on other mountain formations, such as Sierra de Miradera, Sierra del Rincón and Sierra de la Pedriza. Moreover, the region of Campiña Sur, with dehesas and extensive dry cultivations, spreads out to the south. It is the southernmost part of the central mountainous ranges, forming part of a group of mountain relieves that starts in Sierra de Arroyo, continue by Sierra de Peñas Blancas and ends in the one of Hornachos, giving a marvellous corridor that emerge in the wide surrounding plains. The protected area has an extension of 12,190 hectares, all of them inside the municipal term of Hornachos.

PA LO M

SIE

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RECOMMENDATIONS FOR VISITS Camping is not allowed in this place, but visitants can stay at the huts typical from the Recreational Area “La Fuentecita”. Due to the presence of numerous birds that nest there, it is not recommendable to do the routes which are not signposted as well as going up to the rocks or going deep into the slopes without ways. In the Town hall of Hornachos you can gather information about routes and activities in addition to other tourist resources.

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Sierra Grande

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Rockrose

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3.8

SCA AND SPA

SIERRA

DE

SAN PEDRO LOCATION

MEMBRÍO LOS LAPONES

ARROYO DE LA LUZ

SALORINO HERRERUELA

CÁCERES

ALISEDA MALPARTIDA DE CÁCERES

R SIE

VALENCIA DE ALCÁNTARA

RA

DE S

SAN VICENTE DE ALCÁNTARA PIEDRABUENA

AN

PED R

O

SALTILLO PALOMAS

CASTILLO DE MAYORGA

CASTILLO DE AZUGALA

RÍO DEL GAVILÁN

EMBALSE PEÑA DEL ÁGUILA

42

ALBURQUERQUE PUEBLA DE OBANDO CORDOBILLA DE LÁCARA VILLAR DEL REY

The SCA takes up most part of the mountain formations of Sierra de San Pedro which, together with Sierra de Montanchez and the mountain mass of Villuercas, form the inverted arch that establishes the dividing line between the basins of Guadiana and Tajo rivers. The nucleus of this protected area is made up of low-height mountain ranges facing northeast that stand out because of being surrounded by low height lands, such as Llanos de Olivenza and Cáceres. The easternmost limit is located in Sierra de Enmedio, in the vicinity of Cordobilla de Lácara, and continue with Sierras de los Pajonales, Sierra del Aljibe and Sierra de la Umbría, between the localities of Aliseda, Alburquerque, Herreruela, Salorino and Puebla de Obando. The west limit, nearly in the frontier with Portugal, is located in Sierra de Santiago, in Santiago de Alcántara. The less abrupt zone of the area stands in the southwest meeting the dehesas over lands of the valley of Río Zapatón and of the reservoir of Peña del Águila, in Villar del Rey. It is one of the protected areas with most extension and the 115,032 hectares are divided into the municipal terms of Badajoz, Villar del Rey, Alburquerque, San Vicente de Alcántara, Valencia de Alcántara, Santiago de Alcántara, Salorino, Herreruela and Aliseda.

RECOMMENDATIONS FOR VISITS In 1989, after applying the Directive of Birds (79/409/ CEE), it is classified as Special Protection Area (ZEPA), thus according to the compulsory European rules. Later, after publicizing the Law 8/98 of “Conservation of Nature and Natural Areas of Extremadura” is included in the Group of Protected Areas of Extremadura with the figure of Special Conservation Area (SCA), having the same limits as ZEPA.

General Aspects

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It is necessary that the visitant only use the recommended routes or those which are signposted, not venturing by ways or paths due to the presence of numerous nests of protected species. The success in the reproduction of these birds depends on the calmness and lack of nuisances, as involuntary, irreparable damages can be caused. The access to the private states needs a previous permission of the owners.

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The importance of the hunting activity in the zone, especially of the hunting of deer and wild boar, make necessary to be extremely careful in the months between November and January in order to avoid getting surprised while doing the route in a hunting day. Nonetheless, the ways or accesses to the states are usually signposted on hunting days. The visit to Sierra de San Pedro is recommended in any season of the year. In September it is especially spectacular the rut of the deers and in winter, from the highest points and at dusk, you can contemplate the big flocks of doves flying towards the sleeping places.

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Eagle

Acorns

Dolmen of Valencia de Alcรกntara

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3.9

SAC AND SPA

LOS LLANOS

DE

CÁCERES

AND

SIERRA

EMBALSE DE ALCÁNTARA II

DE

FUENTES

LOCATION

It is a wide area of plains that spreads out from Brozas to Trujillo, settled on the plain of Cáceres and surrounded CASTILLEJO PIE DE VILLA by the mountain formations of Sierra de San Pedro, natuEL MATO ral closing of Los Llanos. To the north, Almonte and Tajo rivers stand in the foothills of the mountain ranges that rise EMBALSE DE CÁCERES TARRAQUERRA GUADILOBA in Gredos and Villuercas, thus giving way to less abrupt SANTA MARTA lands. Sierra de Fuentes is the main mountain formation in DE MAGASCA ATALAYÓN the plain and stands out as a big isle immersed in the pasVIRGEN DE LA MONTAÑA ALDEA ture lands. In the middle of Los Llanos, the peculiar dragMORET SIERRA ERMITA DE on-shaped reservoir of Guadiloba stands out. DE FUENTES STA. LUCÍA The protected area possesses the best zones for birds ERMITA TORREORGAZ PLASENZUELA but mostly limited by the banks of Tamuja and Almonte ERMITA DE STA. EULALIA rivers. TORREQUEMADA The area of Special protection area has over 70,000 VALDESALOR hectares belonging to the municipal terms of Cáceres, SierEMBALSE DE 44 VALDESALOR EMBALSE ra de Fuentes, Torreorgaz, Torrequemada, Torremocha and BOTIJA DEL GALLO Aldea del Cano. TORREMOCHA CASAR DE CÁCERES

RECOMMENDATIONS FOR VISITS

ALDEA DEL CANO

In 1989, after applying the Directive of Birds (79/409/ CEE), it is classified as Special Protection Area (ZEPA), thus according to the compulsory European rules. Later, after publicizing the Law 8/98 of “Conservation of Nature and Natural Areas of Extremadura” is included in the Group of Protected Areas of Extremadura with the figure of Special Conservation Area (SCA), having the same limits as ZEPA. Los Llanos de Trujillo and the zone of “Cuatro Lugares”, located to the north of the area, possess enough ornithological values to be included in ZEPA.

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It is not recommended to carry out routes other than those signposted for it, avoiding to disturb the fauna. Most part of the private states are dedicated to cattle farming and the lattice-gates have to be always closed in order to avoid the animals escaping. Nonetheless, it is recommended the visit in spring, specially when the rut of the great bustard starts and forms the famous “ruedas” around the females, showing their nuptial plumage. Due to the predominance of the plains and the undulations, it is easier to go around this area by bike, even it is recommended this means of transport for most of the routes, instead of going by car.

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“Los Llanos”

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3.10

SAC AND SPA

EMBALSE

DE

ORELLANA

AND

SIERRA

DE

SAN PEDRO

LOCATION OBSERVATORIO PUERTO PEÑA

CASAS DE DON PEDRO

CAMPING

NAVALVILLAR DE PELA OBSERVATORIO PRIMILLAS

ACEDERA

OBSERVATORIO

PEDRIZA VIEJA LA CIMURGA

ORELLANA DE LA SIERRA

ORELLANA LA VIEJA

TALARRUBIAS

ALSE

EMB

A LLAN

RE

DE O

PEÑÓN DEL MORRÓN

PUEBLA DE ALCOCER

CASTILLO DE LA PUEBLA

ESPARRAGOSA DE LARES

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In 1989, after applying the Directive of Birds (79/409/ CEE), it is classified as Special Protection Area (ZEPA), thus according to the compulsory European rules. Later, after publicizing the Law 8/98 of “Conservation of Nature and Natural Areas of Extremadura” is included in the Group of Protected Areas of Extremadura with the figure of Special Conservation Area (SCA), having the same limits as ZEPA. The reservoir of Orellana, completely included in the protected area, is the only one humid zone of Extremadura which belongs to a list of wetlands of international importance established in the Agreement of Ramsar, in addition to other well-known places such as Las Tablas de Daimiel, Doñana or Delta del Ebro.

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Natural Spaces

The reservoir of Orellana is the biggest in the halfway through the Guadiana river, thus being regulated by the reservoirs of García Sola and Cíjara rivers further up. La Sierra de Pela is a huge mountainous range-isle in the middle of a varied landscape of fertile lowlands and plains where the crops that need irrigation, cereal lands, dehesas and thickets mix. Therefore, it is one of the enclaves with most biodiversity in Extremadura. To the south, the wide pastures of La Serena enhance the silhouette of the mountainous range which rises from the plain. It has an extension of 42,600 hectares, including the municipal terms of Orellana la Vieja, Orellana de la Sierra, Acedera, Navalvillar de Pela, Casas de Don Pedro, Talarrubias, Puebla de Alcocer, Esparragosa de Lares and Campanario.

RECOMMENDATIONS FOR VISITS The navigation in the reservoir is limited in some stretches from 1st January to 31st July in order to protect the birds which nest in the isles, very sensitive to any human presence. It is recommended not to use other routes apart from those suggested, specially in the zones of the mountainous range. You must avoid going up to the rocky places of quartzite, specially from January to June, period when the most sensitive species (Black Stork, Spanish Imperial Eagle, Egyptian Vulture, Bonelli ´s Eagle) are nesting, in order not to cause a failure in the reproduction. Going camping is not allowed in Extremadura. However, there is a big campsite in Puerto Peña.

x

Regions and Cities

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Reservoir of Orellana

47 Puerto Peña

Cheese “D.O. La Serena”

T O U R I S T

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O F

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OTHER

3.11

48

OPEN

SPACES

Other interesting open spaces in our region are the Special Protection Areas of La Serena, Dehesas de Jerez, Puerto Peña-Los Golondrinos, Villuercas-Los Ibores, Canchos de Ramiro, Sierra de Siruela, Sierra de La Moraleja, Cuevas de Castañar de Ibor and Cuevas de Fuentes de León. There are attractive visits to some of the trees declared as Singular Trees in Extremadura, such as the holm oaks of La Terrona, near Zarza de Montánchez, or La Marquesa, close to Talayuela and Navalmoral de la Mata, the Roble del Acarreadero, between Cabezabellosa and El Torno, and the Enebro de las Mestas, in this locality from Las Hurdes. This region also offers the possibility of visiting Tejos del Cerejal. In Valle del Ambroz, we can also visit the chestnuts of El Temblar and Corbiche, close to Segura de Toros and Casas del Monte, respectively, as well as the Alcornoque de la Fresneda, in the surroundings of Aldeanueva del Camino. There are certain places that are perfect to observe birds like cranes. Some of these places are the Moheda Alta Conservation and Leisure Surrounding Reserve Park, which is near Navalvillar de Pela and Obando, without forgetting the singular Ecological Biodiversity Corridor of the Aclarrache River, located in the lands of Barcarrota, Salvaleón and in the South of Villanueva del Fresno.

Canchos de Ramiro

General Aspects

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Art and History

x

Natural Spaces

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“La Terrona” Holm-Oak

Villuercas

Caves in Castañar de Ibor

49

“Dehesas de Jerez”

Los Ibores

“La Marquesa” Holm-Oak

Alcarrache river

T O U R I S T

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REGIONS AND CITIES

4

51


4.1 4.2

4.3

4.4

4.6 4.5

4.7

4.9

4.10 USED SYMBOLS

4.8

Autonomus Capital

Cathedral

C

Provincial Capital

Civil o Military monument

M

Localities with a population over 20.000 h.

Artistic-Historical Group

CH

Localities with a population from 5.000 a 20.000 h.

Archaelogical monument

MA

Localities with a population from 1.000 a 5.000 h.

Religious monument

Localities with a population under de 1.000 h.

Aqueduct

I

A

Carriageways

Bridge of interest

National roads

Roman monument

Other roads

Tourist Information

i

VĂ­a de La Plata

Spa

B

Museum

M

Regional Tourist Interest Festivity

F

Parador Rural Accommodation

P

MR

P

AR

Protected Zone

Z P

Hospice of Extremadura

Natural monument

MN

Camping

C

Singular tree

AS

Golf

G

Private Hunting Reserve - Private Fishing Reserve

H

CP


R EGIONS 4.1

SIERRA DE GATA / HURDES / CÁPARRA

4.2

VALLE DEL AMBROZ / VALLE DEL JERTE / LA VERA

4.3

PLASENCIA / MONFRAGÜE / CAMPO ARAÑUELO

4.4

VILLUERCAS / JARA / IBORES

4.5

CÁCERES / TRUJILLO-MIAJADAS / MONTÁNCHEZ-TAMUJA

4.6

SIERRA DE SAN PEDRO-LOS BALDÍOS / TAJO-SALOR-ALMONTE / VALLE DEL ALAGÓN

4.7

LA SIBERIA / LA SERENA / VEGAS ALTAS DEL GUADIANA

4.8

CAMPIÑA SUR / TENTUDÍA / JEREZ-SIERRA SUROESTE

4.9

OLIVENZA/BADAJOZ / COMARCA DE LÁCARA / MÉRIDA

4.10 SIERRA GRANDE-TIERRA DE BARROS / ZAFRA-RÍO BODIÓN


SIERRA

DE

GATA / HURDES / TRASIERRA (CÁPARRA)

EX -2 04

EX

-2 04

4.1

EX-205

EX

-1

08

54

General Aspects

x

Art and History

These regions from the North of Extremadura are placed in the westernmost part of this autonomous region. They border on the province of Salamanca and the neighbouring lands of Portugal. Two distinguishing orographical aspects characterise these lands, namely the mountain ranges of Sierra de Gata and Hurdes and the dehesas and plains of Trasierra-Tierras de Granadilla. There are two ways of accessing this northern part of the region. One of them is the Ex-109, which originates in the carriageway A-66 not far from Cáceres and crosses Sierra de Gata from the South to the North, going through Coria. It is in this city that the Ex-204 originates. It runs as a main road through the region of Las Hurdes to Ríomalo de Abajo.

x

Natural Spaces

x

Regions and Cities

x

Other aspects


Cilleros (Sierra de Gata)

55

La Fragosa (Hurdes)

Roman arch of Cรกparra

T O U R I S T

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O F

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56

The other communication route that joins Sierra de Gata and Trasierra-Tierras de Granadilla is the Ex-205, which goes from Valverde del Fresno in Sierra de Gata to Zarza de Granadilla, near the N-630 in its last stretch to the North of Extremadura. The Roman epoch shows the Roman administration’s interest in these regions, which were rich in gold and tin. They were an strategic place for one of the most important communication routes in the Roman Spain, namely the Vía de la Plata, which joined Augusta Emérita with the lands of the North of the Peninsula and which crossed the region of Trasierra-Tierras de Granadilla with important centres such as Cáparra. Regarding gastronomic customs, the geographical situation and historical heritage of this region have given rise to an interesting and rich gastronomy. The natural products from the family orchards combine with delicious cold sausages from the well-known “pig-killings”, roast meat and kid stew, which abound in Hurdes and Gata. The oil from Sierra de Gata and Hurdes has Guarantee of Origin, which corroborates its delicious taste. Likewise, the tasteful “pitarra” wines from Sierra de Gata, kept in vaults, acquire regional reputation, especially those from Cilleros and Robledillo de Gata. Besides, the honey and pollen from Las Hurdes, highly appreciated, should not be forgotten either. In order to get to know the processes of wine or oil production in depth , it would be worth visiting the Oil and Wine Rural Museum in San Martín de Trevejo. There are wonderful examples of folk architecture not only thanks to original constructions but also thanks to the care and conservation of many of the nuclei of these areas. This is the case of Ríomalo de Arriba, La Fragosa or El Gasco in Hurdes. Besides, four localities declared Artistic Historical Groups (Conjuntos Históricos Artísticos) stand out in Gata. These localities are Robledillo de Gata, San Martín de Trevejo, Trevejo and Gata.

Other must-see places are the Ethnographic Museum of Cilleros, the Hurdes Documentation Museum in Pinofranqueado, the Gabriel y Galán Museum in Guijo de Granadilla and the General Interpretation Centre of Vía de la Plata in Cáparra. There are many interesting festivities throughout the whole year. For instance, La Enramá, held in Pinofranqueado on the 23rd of August, stands out in Las Hurdes. It was declared Fiesta de Interés Turístico Regional (Regional Tourist Interest Festivity). As regards Trasierra-Tierras de Granadilla, the festivity of “Cristu Benditu” is celebrated in Guijo de Granadilla and another festivity of this region, known as Fiesta Mayor de la comarca, is held on the last Saturday in the village of the Gabriel y Galán Reservoir.

Cervigona stream

General Aspects

x

Art and History

x

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x

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57

s s s

Bobbin lace Natural Products: jam and honey

Hurdano river (meander)

T O U R I S T

G U I D E

O F

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VALLE

4.2

DEL

AMBROZ / JERTE / LA VERA

VĂ?A DE LA PLATA

58

General Aspects

x

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x

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x

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x

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Around Tornavacas

59 Panoramic view of Garganta la Olla

Valley of Ambroz. Around Hervas

T O U R I S T

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60

These three regions comprise the northernmost part of Extremadura. They are crossed by three tributaries of the Tajo, namely the Ambroz, the Jerte and the Tiétar, which water their valleys and flow among the rises of Tras la Sierra and Tormantos, authentic natural divides with narrow passes. These narrow passes make it possible to go from one region to another either through the Honduras pass, which joins the Jerte region with Ambroz, or through the Piornal pass, in order to go from the Jerte area to La Vera. We can access these regions from Plasencia either through the dual carriageway A-66 and N-630 road, the N-110 or the Ex-203 (which goes through La Vera to Madrigal de la Vera). Besides, these three regions have been linked with the Madrid-Lisboa A-5 dual carriageway by means of the regional one, which joins Plasencia with Navalmoral de la Mata. The significance of these regions in the Roman epoch is suggested by the itinerary of one of the most important Roman means of communication in Hispania, the so-called Vía de la Plata, through the region of Valle del Ambroz. This itinerary went through the province of Lusitania up to the lands of León, with important cities and “mansio” where the users of this Roman paved road rested in their journey through the West of the Peninsula.

General Aspects

x

Art and History

x

It was across Tornavacas, the first village in the North of the region of Valle del Jerte, that Emperor Carlos V went at the end of his life seeking for the rest he would eventually find among the walls of the Monastery of Yuste in Cuacos in the region of La Vera after several months of stay in Jarandilla. As a result of its historical heritage and, above all, as a result of its excellent geographical location, it is not surprising that, for several centuries, the gastronomy of the regions of Valle del Ambroz, Valle del Jerte and La Vera has been offering a peculiar and varied cuisine in which natural products play an important role. Among the festivities that have been declared as Tourist Interest Festivity of Extremadura are El Jarramplas in Piornal in January, Carlos V Route in La Vera in February, the Otoño Mágico in Valle del Ambroz in autumn, with interesting hiking routes, El Peropalo in Villanueva de la Vera during Carnival, Los Empalaos in Valverde de la Vera in the Holy Week, El Cerezo en Flor in Valle del Jerte in spring and Los Escobazos in Jarandilla de la Vera during the night between the 7th and the 8th of December.

Natural Spaces

x

Regions and Cities

x

Other aspects


“Los Pilones”

61

Carlos V

s Flowering cherry tree s s “Peropalo”, Villanueva de la Vera

“Empalao”. Valverde de la Vera

T O U R I S T

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O F

E X T R E M A D U R A


PLASENCIA / MONFRAGÜE / CAMPO ARAÑUELO

4.3

62

Campo Arañuelo makes up this zone in the east of Extremadura, in the middle of the Monfragüe National Park and the localities around the carriageway A-66 and N-630 road to the west, from Cañaveral to Plasencia, whose route meets most part of the historical Vía de la Plata. The most importat communication ways of Extremadura, the dual carriageways A-5 and A-66, that links the whole west of Estremadura with Andalusia and CastillaLeón, pass by them.

General Aspects

x

Art and History

x

The characteristic landscape of these lands irrigated by the Tajo river and its tributaries Jerte, Amonte and Tiétar is the dehesa in its best exponent, with wide extensions of holm oak and cork oak woods, where a very abundant, special fauna coexists. The fluvial thickets formed around the beds of the rivers we named before stand out due to its outstanding beauty. As a result of the excellent weather of these latitudes, you can observe a characteristic flora of the Extremaduran dehesa, as well as some other species typical from the

Natural Spaces

x

Regions and Cities

x

Other aspects


Panoramic view of the Cathedral of Plasencia

63

Monfrag端e. River Tajo

Campo Ara単uelo

T O U R I S T

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E X T R E M A D U R A


Mediterranean forest whose biggest exponent can be found in Monfragüe National Park. It is a real paradise for the nature lovers who come around to enjoy observing either the landscape or the fauna. Its most important localities are Malpartida de Plasencia, Villareal de San Carlos, Monroy, Serradilla, etc. The gastronomy typical from these localities is very influenced by the local, cattle economy, the secular support of the villages and dwellers. Moreover, we can clearly observe the migrating origins in some dishes made of lamb or kid or the famous “migas”. We must bear in mind that the Royal cattle tracks of Trujillo, León and of La Plata or Vizana cross these latitudes.

Among the festivities hold in this region and declared as Tourist Interest Festivity of Extremadura, are the Carnival in Navalmoral de la Mata (Campo Arañuelo), Martes Mayor, on the first Tuesday of August, and Easter in Plasencia The reigns of the Austrias and Borbones and the huge influence the lords from Plasencia and bishops of this city had over the rest of the nearby localities, thus observing important, religious buildings such as the Cathedral of Plasencia or palaces and feudal houses as impressive as the Palace of Mirabel or of Monroy.

64

General Aspects

x

Art and History

x

Natural Spaces

x

Regions and Cities

x

Other aspects


Castle Monfragüe

Carnival in Navalmoral de la Mata

65

Castle Belvís de Monroy

“Martes Mayor”. Plasencia

Roast kid

T O U R I S T

G U I D E

O F

E X T R E M A D U R A


LAS VILLUERCAS / JARA / LOS IBORES

4.4

EX-118

Situated in the easternmost part of the Extremaduran region, Las Villuercas, La Jara and Los Ibores border on Castilla-La Mancha and make up a beautiful range of geographic contrasts, where we can find 1,200 metres-high mountainous ranges and wide forests with tree species such as oak trees, cork oaks, pines, chestnuts or holm oaks. At the same time, the beautiful valleys and wide zones of scrubland where real flood of rockroses, heathers and other species stands.

8

-11

EX

66

EX-102

02

-1

EX

-11

6

EX

General Aspects

x

Art and History

x

Natural Spaces

x

Regions and Cities

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Panoramic view of Las Villuercas

67

Los Ibores

Monastery of Guadalupe

T O U R I S T

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O F

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68

The mountainous ranges ordered in northeast and southeast direction, Altamira, natural limit with Toledo, Deleitosa, Palomera, Villuercas with Villuercas Peak, the highest in the zone with 1,689 metres. The group of roads that exists in the zone makes the access to this region easier either from the A-5 dual carriageway, through Ex-118 that links Navalmoral de la Mata with Guadalupe, crossing Los Ibores and Las Villuercas, or from Trujillo through Ex-102 that goes deep into this region from west to east. It was the place where big flocks of sheeps passed by for centuries, the famous cattle track of Segovia crosses this land and will cause the route of some communication ways which even were used in the Middle Ages and later by the pilgrims who came to the Monastery of Guadalupe in order to fulfil the devotion towards the Virgin, whose discovery and the later construction of the Royal Monastery marked, beyond a doubt, the history of this region. This Royal Monastery is declared World Heritage Site by UNESCO and we can admire, in addition to the image of the patron saint of Extremadura, an interesting historic

General Aspects

x

Art and History

x

example of books illustrated with miniatures, paintings, sculptures, embroideries or ceramics that mostly reflect the history and art of Extremadura dated back to Middle Ages and the following centuries. Among the most interesting festivities celebrated in this region, the feast of Virgen de Guadalupe on 8th September and Hispanidad in October, both in La Puebla de Guadalupe. Hispanidad is declared Extremadura Tourist Interest Festivity. It attracts crowded groups of pilgrims and visitants who come to the Royal Monastery of Guadalupe. Las Candelas and Carnival are hold, among other localities, in AlĂ­a, Deleitosa, Navezuela, Valdelacasa or Bohonal de Ibor. The use of the good, natural products of the zone and the abundance of hunting species have provided a culinary fame to the restaurants and cooks of these lands since ancient times, some of them with a secular tradition and a monastic influence. These lands are also well-known due to other gastronomic reasons, the delicious chesses from Los Ibores and the marvellous honey, both with Guarantee of Origin and Quality.

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x

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Other aspects


Crafts

Rockrose and lavender

Architecture

69

Crafts in forging

Mudejar cloister of the Monastery of Guadalupe

T O U R I S T

G U I D E

O F

E X T R E M A D U R A


CÁCERES / MIAJADAS - TRUJILLO / MONTÁNCHEZ - TAMUJA

4.5

The main communication ways are the dual carriageway A-66, from Alcuescar to Cáceres, the dual carriageway A-58, from Cáceres to Trujillo and the dual carriageway A-5, which also crosses these lands from south to north in direction towards Madrid from Miajadas to Jaricejo.

A-66

N-630

The localities situated around the plain of Trujillo and Cáceres and the mountainous range of Montanchez, the highest level of these latitudes, are located in this zone of Extremadura, in the southernmost part of Alta Extremadura. These localities stand between the geographic vertices that mark to the north the cities of Cáceres and Trujillo and to the south, Miajadas and the foothills of Sierra de San Pedro, in the northernmost part.

70

N-5 21

A-58

EX

-10 0

EX

-1

00

EX -20 6

2

A-66

EX-106

-10 EX

General Aspects

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Art and History

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At the same time, these wetlands are the favourite places of numerous migratory birds, such as the great bustards or the cranes. Therefore, most part of the regions of MiajadasTrujillo and Montanchez-Tamuja have become ZEPA (Special Protection Area) with special mention to Llanos de Cáceres and Sierra de Fuentes, which even posses a Bird Recuperation centre, very didactic and with the possibility of being visited. In such a special forest of holm-oaks, three tree species declared “Singular trees of Extremadura” stand out. We refer to the impressive, centenary Encina Terrona, near Zarza de Montanchez; Encina la Solana or of Sebastián in Valdefuentes and Encina la Nieta in Torre de Santa María. The presence of Roma can be found in Norba Caesarina or Turgalium, the current Cáceres and Trujillo and in some of the localities crossed by Via de la Plata, such as Casas de Don Antonio, Aldea de Cano, with abundant miliariums, bridges and even the discoveries of interesting treasures like the case of Valdesalor.

Cáceres. “Arco de la Estrella”

Castle Montánchez

71

“El Chíviri”. Trujillo

T O U R I S T

G U I D E

O F

E X T R E M A D U R A


Some rests and discoveries dated back to Roman time are also in Salvatierra de Santiago, Montanchez or Ibahernando. In addition to other nearby localities, they were occupied by Visigoths some centuries later, who left beautiful examples of Hispanic-Visigothic basilicas, such as the one in Santa Lucía del Trampal in Alcuéscar and the one in Santa Maria, dated back to VII century in Ibahernando. In addition to the Roman culture, the Muslim is the most influential one in the history of the localities in this zone, with obvious examples in Hizn Qazris and Torrejuela, Moorish names of Cáceres and Trujillo. Montanchez still has its beautiful castle dated back to this time, as well as Trujillo.

The following centuries left a legacy with the impressive example of feudal architecture that can be found in the centre of Cáceres, declared World Heritage Site by UNESCO. The most famous, typical festivities of these localities are Easter, El Chíviri, hold on Easter Sunday, both in Trujillo, and Easter in Cáceres. All of them are declared Extremadura Tourist Interest Festivity. They are worth mentioning Carnival in Montánchez, where the famous Jurromachos stand out. An annual event of unquestionable value for the zone is the Cheese Fair of Trujillo.

Road roman

Cáceres. Concathedral and Santa María’s square

General Aspects

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x

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t

72


Basilic of Santa LucĂ­a del Trampal. AlcuĂŠscar

73

Stew tench Parochial Church of Santiago in Miajadas

T O U R I S T

G U I D E

O F

E X T R E M A D U R A


VALLE DEL ALAGÓN / TAJO - SALOR - ALMONTE / SIERRA DE SAN PEDRO - LOS BALDÍOS

4.6

09 -1

EX

This wide zone takes up most part of the west of Extremadura, from the south of Sierra de Gata to the surroundings of the capital of Badajoz, including most part of the frontier localities with the nearby Portugal which are located in the so-called Raya. As a prolongation of this frontier zone, we can find to the north the localities and lands belonging to Valle del río Alagón, in the middle those which are watered by

EX-1

EX -

11 7

08

09 -1 EX N-6 30

A-66

17 EX-1

74 -11 EX

N-5

7

21

EX

-1 10

10 EX-1

General Aspects

x

Art and History

x

EX-1 10

Salor, Almonte and Tajo, before forming the impressive Alcántara reservoir, and in the south, in Sierra de San Pedro and Los Baldíos, we can also find a wide range of important nucleus full of history and surrounded by an exceptional nature.

Natural Spaces

x

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Tajo river

75

Puerto CaĂąaveral. Plains of Caceres

Roman bridge of AlcĂĄntara

T O U R I S T

G U I D E

O F

E X T R E M A D U R A


The main communication ways of this zone are the national road 521, which links the lands around Valencia de Alcántara with Cáceres, and the Ex-110 and Ex-117, whose routes cover all the west of this zone that borders on Portugal. The Ex-108 and 109 cross Valle del Alagón in the north. There are numerous festivities celebrated all around the year in these localities declared as Tourist Interest Festivity of Extremadura, like San Isidro Labrador y Corpus Christi in Valencia de Alcántara, Dia de la Tenca in the union Tajo- Salor-Almonte, Los Negritos in Montehermoso, Toros de San Juan in Coria, Las Carantoñas in Acehúche, Las Carreras in Arroyo de la Luz and the Medieval Festival in Alburquerque. It`s very interesting the Theatre Festival hold in Alcántara in summer. 76

Treasure of Aliseda

The delicious cheeses of Casar de Cáceres, known as Tortas which posses Guarantee of origin and Quality are well-known all around the world. The tench, very abundant among the ponds of the villages of these regions, have become a very appreciated dish in the region. Furthermore, there are archaeological vestiges in the surroundings of localities such as Valencia de Alcántara or San Vicente de Alcántara, where numerous well sign-posted dolmens can be found, or in La Hijadilla, close to the Salor river, in Malpartida de Cáceres or the schematic cave paintings of Santiago de Alcántara. The arrival of Roma will influence notably in the west of the peninsula as a result, over all, of the creation of Emerita Augusta as capital of Lusitania, specially because of the communication ways built in most part of the lands and localities of these regions from this city, over all with the so-called Via de la Plata which became in the way of Mozarabic pilgrimage towards Santiago de Compostela, as years went on, in Middle Ages. From this Roman time, we still conserve some hydraulic works such as the Roman Bridge of Alcántara over the Tajo river, defensive constructions like the wall of the city of Coria in the riverside of the Alagón river or villages like the one excavated in the surroundings of Monroy.

“Las Carantoñas” in Acehúche

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77 Typical granitic formations in “Los Barruecos” Cathedral of Coria

Torta del Casar

Dolmen “La Tapada del Anta”

T O U R I S T

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O F

E X T R E M A D U R A


SIBERIA / LA SERENA / VEGAS ALTAS

4.7

DEL

GUADIANA

EX-A2

La Siberia and La Serena are placed in the easternmost part of Extremadura. This area has the largest concentration of reservoirs that hold back the valued water from the main river in the province of Badajoz, the Guadiana River. It is around this river and in an East/West direction that the region of Las Vegas del Guadiana is set.

A-

N-43030 N-4

5

EX

-11 5

EX-103

N-430

78 EX-103

EX -10 4 EX

-10

3

EX -

10

3

4

-10

EX

EX-106

04

EX-1

EX -1

03

Among other regional roads, These regions are crossed by the the EX-103, EX-A2, dual carriageway Don Benito-Miajadas, and by the N-430, which runs through Las Vegas del Guadiana from the A-5 dual carriageway and reaches La Siberia once it has gone through Santa Amalia or Navalvillar de Pela. Its itinerary continues towards the lands of Ciudad Real.

1 -11 EX

General Aspects

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x

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Reservoir of La Serena

Panoramic view of La Siberia

79

Castle and Bridge of Medellin

T O U R I S T

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O F

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80

The Vegas del Guadiana areas are also joined by means of the Ex-105 and the Ex-104, which go across the main nuclei in this region such as Guareña, Don Benito, Villanueva de la Serena and reach Cabeza del Buey in La Serena and even the Easternmost part of this region. These regions that border on Córdoba and Ciudad Real are characterised by eye-catching mountainous areas that rise over large dehesas, in which the waters from the reservoirs of El Cíjara, García Sola, Orellana, La Serena and Zújar give rise to beautiful landscapes. We can find some places and corners of great beauty in the Cíjara Regional Hunting Reserve, in the Peloche mountainous region, in the already-mentioned reservoirs of Cíjara, Orellana, La Serena, Zújar or García Sola and in the mountainous regions of Almorchón, la Nava, Benquerencia, Helechal, Peñalsordo or Capilla. Among the festivities and customs of these regions, which are not only large but also attractive, the ones that stand out are the celebration of Virgen de Piedraescrita’s day in Cam-

panario, “La Octava del Corpus” in Peñalsordo and “La Encamisá de San Antón” in Navalvillar de Pela, the well-known “Carrerita” in Villanueva de la Serena at Easter, all of which have been declared as Tourist Interest Festivity of Extremadura Likewise, other festivities of religious nature that stand out are the celebration of Virgen de Belén’s day in Cabeza del Buey, the festivity of Virgen de Nazaret in Garlitos. The well-known “tortas de la Serena”, a type of pie made of sheep’s milk, are highly appreciated inside and outside Extremadura. They have Guarantee of Origin, a distinction that is also attributed to the oil of Monterrubio de la Serena. The Megalithic age also left its mark, which becomes evident through the presence of dolmens such as the one of Magacela. Besides, as regards the centuries prior to the Romans’ arrival, there are idols such as the ones found in Rena and especially the temple and site of Cancho Roano, close to Zalamea de la Serena. These findings are essential to get to know this historical period in the Iberian Peninsula.

La Mesta Bridge. Villarta de Los Montes

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Cheeses from La Serena

“La Octava del Corpus”

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Site in Cancho Roano

Typical landscape of “La Serena”

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CAMPIÑA SUR / TENTUDÍA / SIERRA SUROESTE

4.8

This Southern area of Extremadura borders on the Andalusian provinces of Córdoba, Sevilla and Huelva, which are separated by the Extremaduran Sierra Morena. The lands of the neighbouring region of Portuguese Alentejo lie to the West of Sierra Sur Suroeste. There are three main roads to access these regions, namely the N-435, which joins Sierra Sur Suroeste with the capital of Badajoz and Huelva, the N-432, which crosses the

Campiña Sur region from the West to the East going through important localities and the A-66 dual carriageway. Typically, dehesas prevail in these lands and they are decked with low hills, except for the Tentudía mountainous region. The peak which has the same name is 1104 metres high, thus becoming the highest rise in Badajoz. This landscape, not only beautiful but also characteristic of the Extremaduran South, is a peculiar as well as especial habitat for the Iberian pig, fed with acorns and beechnuts. The Iberian pig produces hams and cold sausages which are wellknown all over the world.

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Sierras del Sur

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Monastery of TentudĂ­a

Sierra Suroeste

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Such an especial habitat has contributed to the appointment of several areas as Special Protection Areas. This is the case of the so-called Dehesas de Jerez or even the declaration of the Mina de la Jayona as a Monumento Natural de Extremadura (Natural Monument of Extremadura) in Fuente del Arco and Cuevas de Fuente de León. The nature reserve known as Parque de las Quinientas is an illustrative example of the way nature can be shown in a didactic way. There are many festivities that draw our attention in these Southern areas of Extremadura. Many of them have been declared Fiesta de Interés Turístico Regional de Extremadura. Some examples are the celebration of San Isidro’s day and La Chanfaina in Fuente de Cantos, Easter in Jerez de los Caballeros, the Living Passion, enacted by the inhabitants of Oliva de la Frontera, Las Capeas in Segura de León, Día del Jamón in Monesterio and The Mountain Range International Festival in Fregenal de la Sierra. The gastronomy of this area has become a reference for many of the visitors who come from neighbouring regions to enjoy the delicious taste of dishes and stews. This has been fostered somehow by the products derived from the Iberian pig, internationally well-known, and other products generously provided by the land. This is the case of wild asparaguses or mushrooms. The history of these lands suggests examples of the Megalithic age as well as examples of human settlements

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that had already taken place in the Pre-Roman epoch. One of the most illustrative examples is the dolmen of “El Toriñuelo”, located near Jerez de los Caballeros and declared Monumento Histórico Artístico Nacional. Likewise, the remains of the village of “Nertobriga”, placed between Fuentes de León and Fregenal de la Sierra, are worth mentioning as well. Apart from the important Roman paved way known as Vía de la Plata, which joined Emérita Augusta with Itálica, other roads joined these provinces through Sierra Morena as well. One of them went across the present-day Campiña Sur and reached Córdoba, going through the locality of Regina, in the surroundings of Casas Reina. It was close to this locality that an important Roman theatre was built. This theatre, which had room for 1000 spectators, has been recently restored. In the course of the centuries, many religious constructions have been built in the Mudejar, Gothic, Renaissance or Baroque styles in these regions. Some examples are the Conventual construction of Calera de León, the Sanctuary of Santa María de Tentudía, the churches and towers of Jerez de los Caballeros, the church of Nuestra Señora de la Granada in Llerena, Nuestra Señora de la Consolación’ parish church in Azuaga or Purísima Concepción’s church in Granja de Torrehermosa. In addition, the ceramics and pottery from Salvatierra de los Barros are wonderful.

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85 Conventual in Calera de Le贸n

Roman Theatre of Regina

Products made of pork

Baroque tower of the church of San Bartolom茅

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This zone of Extremadura is made up of the localities around Olivenza and Badajoz, some of them bordering on the nearby Portugal and forming part of the so-called Raya in the southernmost part, as well as the localities which belong to the region of Lácara and some others close to Mérida and watered by the Aljucén, Lácara rivers and over all by Guadiana river, in its last part in lands of Badajoz, from Mérida to Badajoz.

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The main communication ways to accede to these localities are the dual carriageway A-5. that links the autonomous capital, Mérida, with Badajoz, from which the Ex-107 road rises and goes from the zone of llanos de Olivenza to Villanueva del Fresno in the limits with Portugal.

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87 Mountain landscape of “la raya”, near Táliga

Cultivation of sunflower

Puerta Palmas (Badajoz)

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To the north, between Los Llanos de Olivenza and Badajoz, the Guadiana river is the main character and functions as a natural, hydraulic frontier close to this strategic city, a door and a link between Extremadura and Portugal. Olivenza is a special case, a real Extremaduran museum of Portuguese manueline art. Some of these localities such as Villanueva del Fresno, Táliga, Alconchel o Cheles also possess magnificent examples of works of art where the Portuguese influence can be clearly observed. Parallel to A-5 dual carriageway, to the east of Mérida and near it, the Cornalvo Nature Park is located, with an extension of 11,600 hectares, between the fertile lowlands of the Guadiana river, the foothills of Sierra de San Pedro, Sierra de Montanchez and crossed by the route of Via de la Plata. This Reserve has a charming, didactic Interpretation Centre dedicated to the water and a beautiful, Mediterranean forest. Parallel to A-5 carriageway, the road that crosses most part of the riverside localities to Guadiana river, also links Badajoz with Mérida. From it, you can accede to the localities belonging to the region of Lácara, through Ex 100 and other regional roads. Among the festivities hold in these localities, they are worth mentioning Easter and Carnival in Badajoz, Easter in Merida, all of them declared Regional and National Tourist Interest Festivities. It is very interesting Easter in Olivenza, delcared Tourist Interest Festivity of Extremadura. It is famous around the world the International Festival of Classical Theatre, whixh is hold every summer in the Roman Theatre o Mérida. The gastronomy, in such an extensive zone like that, offers the visitant an interesting culinary variety and quality, with excellent stews and dishes whose main ingredient is the lamb, to cook the famous stew known as “caldereta”, among others. Moreover, exquisite hare, rabbit or par-

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tridge stews are made thanks to the abundant hunting in these lands. The “tecula macula” from Olivenza has become a sweet emblem for the whole region. The Iberian pig takes up most part of these regions, providing magnificent hams, cold meat and pork together with the typical “gazpachos”, “salmorejos de boga”, scrambled eggs with wild asparagus or the appreciated Extremaduran “migas”. There are numerous pre historical sites that demonstrate the settlement of the human being, either in high lands and mountainous ranges and in the refuges of Arroyo de San Serván or in the abundant megalithic burials, like the case of the dolmen of Lácara between La Nava de Santiago and Aljucén. The arrival of Roma in the Peninsula would mean a radical change for all these Extremaduran localities, in a very special way the case of Mérida, turned into the capital of the Roman province of the Lusitania from which its domination will radiate to the localities which belong to these regions, thus building the most important communication ways for that, like the case of the most important one in the west of Extremadura, the Via de la Plata, which will link it with the north and south of the Iberian peninsula. The most impressive, civil, religious, military or hydraulic Roman works date back to this time, one of the most important Archaeological Groups of the Roman world. Therefore, it was declared World Heritage Site by UNESCO. With the Muslim invasion, Badajoz would become on of the main nucleus of Moorish domination in these lands, a situation which will last even after the fall of the Caliphate of Cordoba, when the capital of Badajoz, founded in 875 by Ibn Marwan, will turn into an independent reign of Taifa until the arrival of Almoravids.

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Carnival in Badajoz

Products from the vegetable garden

Roman bridge over Guadiana river. MĂŠrida

Inside La Magdalena s church. Olivenza

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These regions are located in the heart of the Extremaduran province of Badajoz, crossed from north to south by the A-66, dual carriageway, and turned into a carEX-105

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riageway that meets in some parts of it the historical route of the former Roman paved road of Via de la Plata that liked Emerita Augusta, the current Mérida, with Hispalis, the current Seville.

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Puebla del Prior

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Tierra de Barros

Feria

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The access to these regions has as main route the old, Roman itinerary of Via de la Plata, the N-630 which links Andalusia with these Extremaduran regions in its way towards Mérida, turned into a carriageway A-66 today when passing through these localities and that links with the A-5, the Madrid- Lisbon carriageway, in Mérida. Other main road is the N-432 that links the capital Badajoz with Zafra and passes through the regions of Tierra de Barros and Zafra-Río Bodión. Grapevines and olive trees are the base of the main industries, and in the case of Tierra de Barros, the fact of being regarded as one of the most important wine lands of Extremadura and the Iberian Peninsula, without forgetting about the very common oil in these regions, appreciated due to its excellent quality and the neatly done production. As regards its gastronomy, mostly based in some of the main agricultural and cattle products, the abundant and esteemed hunting and the Iberian pig breeding, some autochthonous dishes such as the the “migas”, the ratatoulle, the lamb stew, the cheap stew, the hare, rabbit or partridge stews and over all, the excellent hams, cold meat and pork are well-known. The virgin olive oil from these regions is really appreciated due to its flavour and quality, as well as the excellent wines with Guarantee of Origin and Quality Ribera del Guadiana. Furthermore, there are abundant wineries in the localities where very appreciated spirits and aniseeds are also made. The most important festivities are The commemoration of the Albuera Battle, in this locality of Badajoz, Las Candelas in Almendralejo, La Vendimia in Villafranca de los Barros, De La Luna al Fuego in Zafra and Cruz de Mayo in Feria, all of them declared as Tourist Interest Festivity of Extremadura. When talking about the history of these regions, the abundance of the schematic, cave paintings in Hornachos, Alanage, La Zarza and Oliva de Mérida really stand out. It is in these places where numerous birds of prey and inter-

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esting colonies of monk vultures nest. Therefore, we can find the favourite and protected place for birds in the ZEPA Sierra Grande of Hornachos, a real paradise for the ornithology ´s lovers with an exceptional landscape. Beyond a doubt, during the Roman domination these regions will have the highest historical flowering and meaning, whose lands would belong then either to the Roman province of the Lusitania or the Bética, both of them linked with each other by the important Roman paved road of the so-called Via de la Plata. This important paved road passes through Contributa Iulia Ugulyuniacum, the current Medina de las Torres; Restituta Iulia Imperial, the current Zafra; Segeda Augurian, Los Santos de Maimona; or the Roman “mansio” of Perceina in Villafranca de los Barros, among other important Roman centres. Numerous villages and valuable discoveries date back to this time, standing out the beautiful Spa of Alange, a marvellous thermal place that, together with the Spa of El Raposo, which stands close to Puebla de Sancho Pérez, show the magnificent health tourist offered in the zone.

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“Salón del Vino”. Almendralejo

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“Plaza Grande”. Zafra

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“Rincón de la Cruz”. Feria

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TOURIST ROUTES

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Visitors who wish to get to know Extremadura in greater depth as well as calmly enjoy their stay here have a great deal of possibilities at their disposal. Most of such possibilities are closely connected with routes that pass through natural spots, localities, cities or well-signposted historical places, which are not lacking in interesting local indications about the place that is being visited or important tourist information points among those which abound in this region with this aim. The Vía de la Plata Route coincides with the historical itinerary of the Roman paved road, which was built with a view to linking the lands of the Roman province of La Lusitania with those in the North and South of the Peninsula, reaching even the lands of Andalusia and Castilla-León. In the course of 300 kilometres from Monesterio to Baños de Montemayor, the visitor has the opportunity of travelling

across the same path followed by Roman troops and merchants. It would eventually be used as the Mozarabic Route towards Santiago Apóstol’s tomb as an alternative to the French Route, which goes through the North of the Peninsula. Monesterio, Fuente de Cantos, Zafra, Almendralejo, Mérida, Cáceres, Malpartida de Cáceres, Cañaveral, Plasencia, Cáparra, Aldeanueva del Camino or Baños de Montemayor are some examples of historical places and localities crossed by this Roman itinerary, which is rich in archaeological findings that are well-preserved in many stretches and always crossing admirable landscapes. Besides, pilgrims’ hostels, interpretation centres and historical places of great importance are not missing either in this route. They suggest the presence of ancient mansios or resting places already in the Roman epoch as well as mile-

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97 Trecking in Valle del Jerte

Via de la Plata. Roman arch of Cáparra

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stones, funereal monuments, bridges and other hydraulic constructions, without forgetting to mention the important artistic historical heritage from the Roman age and subsequent ages. Such heritage is present in cities such as Mérida or Cáceres, declared World Heritage Sites by UNESCO. The Route of Carlos V, declared Tourist Interest Festivity of Extremadura, is an impresive itinerary which links some lands from Valle del Jerte with La Vera through mountainous regions and ancient historical paths. It was this area that was crossed by Emperor Carlos V several months prior to his death in mid-sixteenth century while seeking for the Monastery of Yuste in order to rest and await his death in the calm of an emblematic spot. Tornavacas, Guijo de Santa Bárbara, Jarandilla de la Vera, Aldeanueva de la Vera and Cuacos de Yuste are some of the localities crossed by this route. Such a route is annually followed by thousands of hikers who surmount the difficulties present in this itinerary that takes them from the

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Valle del Jerte region, through paths at a medium altitude, to the region of La Vera, where there are beautiful landscapes, a superb folk architecture and an incredible artistic historical heritage. The World Heritage Site Route, an unbelievable artistic historical and cultural triangle consisting of the localities of Cáceres, Guadalupe and Mérida, makes it possible for us to get to know one of the most well-preserved ancient central area of a town in Europe, namely that of Cáceres, as well as the Royal Monastery of Guadalupe, an authentic museum among museums, and Mérida, with an archaeological group from the Roman epoch, regarded as one of the best-preserved from the Roman world. Three cultural centres of great historical and artistic value have been brilliantly preserved, thus giving rise to the pleasure of visitors, who love the history and culture of the Iberian Peninsula in the last millenniums: Cáceres, Guadalupe and Mérida.

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Carlos V s route

Trecking by Monfrag端e National Park

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As regards Mérida, the visitor will take delight in watching a large part of the great Roman heritage preserved in this locality, by visiting the theatre, the amphitheatre, the circus, temples, bridges or museums, all of which suggest Roma’s significant presence in the capital of the province of La Lusitania. In Cáceres there is a historical centre that is unique in Spain. There are impressive civil, military and religious build-

ings. Besides, it is surprising how its ancient districts have been conserved. Most of them were built from the 15th century on, in line with its Roman and Moorish past. In fact, fortified walls and singular constructions, which date from these ages, are still preserved. The royal Monastery of Guadalupe, in La Puebla de Guadalupe, is beyond doubt the masterpiece of the Mude-

“Templo de Diana”. Mérida

“Plaza de San Jorge”. Cáceres

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jar Gothic style in Extremadura. Visitors are amazed by its beauty and its Museums, which hold embroideries, illuminated books, pictorial works such as those painted by the distinguished Extremaduran painter Zurbarán, sculptures and other artistic jewels. All of them are kept inside a Monastery where the image of Nuestra Señora de Guadalupe, the patron saint of Extremadura and of great religious influence in América, is venerated.

Besides, there are other interesting itineraries that are worth mentioning. Some of them are the Descubridores Route, which goes through those localities closely connected with the Extremaduran people who were involved in the American adventure of the 15th and 16th centuries, or the Embalses Route, which contributes to visitors’ acquaintance with the thousands of kilometres of fresh-water rivers thanks to its reservoirs, authentic sport and faunal paradises.

Major altarpiece of Monastery of Guadalupe

Reservoir of Orellana

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They are worth mentioning the Tourist Interest Festivities of Extremadura, popular festivities, some of them of ancient origins, which are hold in different localities of Extremadura and are recognized, appreciated and declared as such by Dirección General de Turismo of Gobierno de Extremadura due to the marvellous tourist attraction. Among the attractions offered by these feast, we can find the crowded attendance of visitants, the originality of the so-called feasts and the direct participation of the peo-

ple in them, either the dwellers or the foreign people who visit these places of Extremadura. During all the seasons of the year, we will find festivities with this regional recognition. most part of the feasts declared of Tourist Interest of Extremadura are celebrated in winter and summer. The year begins with three festivities in different places: El Jarramplas in Piornal, La Encamisá or Carrera de san Antón in Navalvillar de Pela and Las Carantoñas in Acehúche.

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“Los Empalos”. Valverde de la Vera Semana Santa. Cáceres

“El Peropalo”. Villanueva de la Vera

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From February to March, you can admire Ruta de Carlos V in La Vera, Las Candelas in Almendralejo, Los Negritos de San Blas in Montehermoso, El Peropalo in Villanueva de la Vera, Carnival in Badajoz and Carnivals of Campo Arañuelo in Navalmoral de la Mata. Valle de Jerte celebrates the start of spring with the magnificent feast called Cerezo en Flor in March. Also in march takes place La Feria del Toro in Olivenza. Easter is declared as Tourist Interest Festivity of Extremadura in Badajoz, Cáceres, Jerez de los Caballeros, Mérida, Plasencia y Trujillo. Also at Easter we can visit Los Empalaos in Valverde de la Vera and La Pasión Viviente in Oliva de la Frontera. When Easter is finished, Campanario celebrates Romería de Piedraescrita, Villanueva de la Serena La Carrerita, Arroyo de la Luz Las Carreras and Trujillo El Chíviri. In April and on its last sunday Fuente de Cantos celebrates La Chanfaina, Feria La Santa Cruz and on the 15th of the same month is the San Isidro Labrador`s Celebration Day in the country, either in Valencia de Alcántara or in Fuente de Cantos. La Octava del Corpus in Peñalsordo is hold according to the dates in which Easter is celebrated. In the locality of la Albuera, on 16th May and the following weekend, is hold La Batalla de la Albuera.

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June first Valencia de Alcántara celebrates El Corpus Christi, Coria El Toro de San Juan, aproximately on al 21st june, and Zafra its feast De la Luna al Fuego. On the first Tuesday in August Plasencia offers its Martes Mayor. In the same month we can know the feast of La Tenca in Tajo- Salor, La Enramá in Pinofranqueado, el Festival de La Sierra in Fregenal, The Festival Medieval de Alburquerque and Zalamea de la Serena presents to us “El Alcalde de Zalamea”, whereas in September Segura de León celebrates Las Capeas, Monesterio El Día del Jamón, Villafranca de los Barros La Vendimia y la tradicional Velá de la Virgen Coronada and in October we can admire in Guadalupe la Hispanidad and in Ambroz Valley El Otoño Mágico. In December we can enjoy ourselves in the two festivities declared as Tourist Interest Festivities of Extremadura: Los Escobazos in Jarandilla de la Vera and La Encamisá in Torrejoncillo. In addition to the declaration as “Tourist Interest Festivity of Extremadura”, Los Carnavales in Badajoz, Easter in Cáceres, Badajoz y Mérida, Cerezo en Flor in Valle del Jerte and El Jarramplas in Piornal, are declared “National Tourist Interest Festivity”. Easter in Cáceres is also “International Tourist Interest Festivity”.

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“Octava del Corpus”. Peñalsordo

“Los Toros de San Juan”. Coria

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FESTIVALS Among the numerous festivals we can know in the Extremaduran region, we point out the most eye-catching ones due to their originality and the crowded affluence to them, most of them being hold in summer, like the case of the crowded Festival of Classical Theatre in Mérida; the

one celebrated in the Theatre of Cáceres (in June), the one of Classical Theatre in Alcántara (in August), the one of Contemporary Music in Alburquerque (in July) in addition to the so-called Festival of Medieval Theatre declared Tourist Interest Festivity of Extremadura.

Classical theatre Festival in Mérida

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Moreover, Villanueva de la Serena celebrates its Festival de Teatro en la Calle in July and in Orellana la Vieja we can enjoy Futurvision during August.

Furthermore, Cรกceres receive thousands of visitants every year during the celebration of the international, multiracial WOMAD Festival.

International Festival of La Sierra. Fregenal de la Sierra

WOMAD. Cรกceres

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HANDICRAFTS

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Potter

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The Extremaduran handicrafts take on numerous jobs, most of them inherited generation by generation. They still exist thanks to the tradition and the familiar perseverance or as a the result of investigation and recovery works carried out by associations and local groups. The most part of these jobs refer to localities in Extremadura that have preserved these handicrafts jobs, thus keeping on with a worthy fame that has been won for centuries. That made some Extremaduran localities be real handmade referents for other nearby regions. Some of them are even thousand-year-old craft jobs, such as pottery and ceramics with marvellous examples and workshops with very particular styles, in one hand, specially in Salvatierra de los Barros, Fregenal de la Sierra, Badajoz and Mérida in the province of Badajoz. On the other hand, in the province of Cáceres, in the localities of Ceclavín, Torrejoncillo, Trujillo or Casatejada. They are very well-known the crochet works from Cheles and Badajoz, the embroideries from Villafranca de los Barros, Ribera del Fresno, Aceuchal, Badajo, Cáceres, Jaraíz de la Vera and the beautiful laces made in Acebo, Zafra and Almendralejo. Furthermore, we can find excellent wicker and rush works in Mérida, Villarta de los Montes, Cáceres, Baños de Montemayor, Malpartida de Plasencia, Malpartida de Plasencia, Trujillo and Hervás and those made of wood in Mérida, Castuera, Zafra, Monesterio, Alcántara, Plasencia, Valverde del Fresno, Guijo de Santa Bárbara and Piornal. The bell-ringers from Montehermoso and the boilermakers from Casar de Cáceres, Guadalupe and Montehermoso. The are wrought-iron works in localities such as Don Benito, Cáceres or La Pesga and the weavers in Ribera del Fresno, la Haba and Torrejoncillo. The gold or silver works has excellent representatives in Ceclavín, Cáceres, Badajoz, Mérida, Torrecilla de la Tiesa and

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Talayuela, and the mosaics have magnificent craftsmen and crafts-women in Mérida, where the cork also stands out as well as it happens in San Vicente de Alcántara. The glass is craftily worked in Almendralejo.

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Bobbin lace

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SPAS

5.4

110

Spa of Ba単os de Montemayor

General Aspects

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Art and History

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Natural Spaces

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Regions and Cities

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Other aspects


Spa of Alange

There are eight current spas in Extremadura that open their doors almost all the year round in order to receive the users and visitants of this health tourism more and more numerous and attractive. Located in emblematic places, they offer some buildings built thanks to the discoveries dated back to Roman time or even the hereditary conservation of the thousandyear-old hot baths, like those in Alange, El Salugral and Baños de Montemayor. Others are located in the heart of nature surrounded by holm-oaks and cork-oaks, forming part of the incredible environment of these Mediterranean forests of Extremadura conserved in a magnificently way for visitants to enjoy themselves. Therefore, the spas of Valdefernando in Valdecaballeros, Fuente del Trampal near Carmonita, El Raposo in Puebla de Sancho Pérez close to the historical route of Via de la Plata, the spa of Valle del Jerte and the spa of Baños de San Gregorio in the historical Brozas, near Alcántara and Portugal, stand in this typical landscape of Extremadura.

111

Spa of Fuentes del Trampal

Spa of Baños de Montemayor

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BALNEARIO DE ALANGE C/ Baños, 56 • 06840 Alange (Badajoz) Tlf.: 924 36 51 06 Fax: 924 36 51 68 www.balneariodealange.com balneariodealange@gmail.com

BALNEARIO DE BAÑOS DE MONTEMAYOR Avenida de las Termas, 52 10750 Baños de Montemayor (Cáceres) Tlf.: 927 48 80 05 info@hotelbalneario.com 112

BALNEARIO EL RAPOSO Balneario El Raposo, s/n 06392 Puebla de Sancho Pérez (Badajoz) Tlf.: 924 57 04 10 / 924 57 04 29 Fax: 924 57 04 19 balneario@balneario.net

BALNEARIO DE FUENTES DEL TRAMPAL Ctera. de Carmonita, km. 3,2 10170 Montánchez (Cáceres) Tlf.: 924 12 30 18 / 608 92 27 85 Fax: 924 25 91 92 fuentesdeltrampal@telefonica.net

General Aspects

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Art and History

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Natural Spaces

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BALNEARIO DE BROZAS (Baños de San Gregorio) Ctra. San Gregorio, s/n 10950 Brozas Tlf.: 927 19 10 50 / 927 19 10 60 info@balneariodebrozas.com

BALNEARIO EL SALUGRAL Ctra. N-630, km. 434 • 10740 Hervás (Cáceres) Finca El Salugral Tlf.: 927 47 48 50 Fax: 927 47 48 51 info@elsalugral.com

113

BALNEARIO DEL VALLE DEL JERTE Ctra. N-110, km. 383 10164 Valdastillas (Cáceres) Tlf.: 927 63 30 00 info@balneariovalledeljerte.com

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INFORMATION

5.5

CONSEJERÍA DE FOMENTO, VIVIENDA, ORDENACIÓN DEL TERRITORIO Y TURISMO Avda. de Las Comunidades, s/n 06800 Mérida. Tel.: 924 33 20 00 Dirección General de Turismo Avda. de Las Comunidades, s/n 06800 Mérida. Tel.: 924 33 24 66. Fax: 924 33 24 87

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OF INTEREST

PATRONATO PROVINCIAL DE TURISMO DE BADAJOZ C/ Felipe Checa, 23. 06001 Badajoz. Tel.: 924 21 25 79 Fax: 924 21 24 97 www.turismo.badajoz.es turismo@dip-badajoz.es DIPUTACIÓN PROVINCIAL DE CÁCERES Plaza de Santa María, s/n. 10071 Cáceres Tel.: 927 25 55 00 Fax: 927 22 54 68. www.dip-caceres.es presidencia@dip-caceres.es

INSPECCIÓN TERRITORIAL DE TURISMO DE BADAJOZ Avda. de Huelva, 2. 06071 Badajoz Tel.: 924 01 20 99 Fax: 924 01 20 96.

ÁREA DE TURISMO DE LA DIPUTACIÓN PROVINCIAL DE CÁCERES Palacio de Carvajal C/ Amargura, 1. 10003 Cáceres Tel.: 927 25 55 97 Fax: 927 25 54 67. www.turismocaceres.org informadoresturisticos@dip_caceres.es

INSPECCIÓN TERRITORIAL DE TURISMO DE CÁCERES Avda. de Primo de Rivera, 2, 8ª planta. 10001 Cáceres. Tel.: 927 00 56 30 Fax: 927 00 56 33

OTHER ADMINISTRATIONS DIPUTACIÓN PROVINCIAL DE BADAJOZ C/ Felipe Checa, 23. 06001 Badajoz. Tel.: 924 21 24 00. Fax: 924 22 47 06. www.dip-badajoz.es oia@dip-badajoz.es

General Aspects

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Art and History

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TOURIST INFORMATION OFFICES IN EXTREMADURA ALBURQUERQUE Plaza de España, s/n 06510 Alburquerque Tel. 924 40 12 02 Fax: 924 40 12 02 turismo@alburquerque.es www.alburquerque.es

AZUAGA Casa de la Cultura, plaza de la Merced, 12 06920 Azuaga Tel. 924 13 78 38 www.azuaga.es ot@azuaga.badajoz.es BADAJOZ (Oficina Municipal) Pasaje de San Juan, s/n. Tel.: 924 22 49 81. turismo@aytobadajoz.es

ALISEDA C/ Gabriel y Galán, 8 A 10550 Aliseda Tel : 606 30 62 81 centroialiseda@gmail.com www.aliseda.es

BADAJOZ- C.I.T.A.V. (Centro de Información Turística y Acogida de Visitantes) Plaza de San José, 18 06001 – Badajoz Tel.924 20 13 69 casasmudejares@aytobadajoz.es

ALMENDRALEJO Plaza de la Iglesia, 16. 06200 Almendralejo Tel.: 924 66 69 67 www.almendralejo.es turismo@almendralejo.es

BAÑOS DE MONTEMAYOR vda. de las Termas, 49 10750 Baños de Montemayor Tel. 927 488285 www.valledelambroz.com turismobanosdemontemayor@hotmail.com

ARROYO DE LA LUZ Plaza de la Constitución, 21 10900 Arroyo de la Luz Tel.: 927 27 04 37 www.arroyodelaluz.es turiofiarroyo@hotmail.com

CÁCERES C/ Tiendas, 1 10003 Cáceres Tel.: 927 01 08 34 ofturismo.caceres@gobex.es CAMINOMORISCO Casa de la Cultura Avda. de las Hurdes, s/n 10620 Caminomorisco Tel.: 927 43 53 29/ 927 43 52 12 www.mancomunidadhurdes.org oficinadeturismo@ayto-caminomorisco.com

ARROYOMOLINOS C/ Hernán Cortés, 6 10.161 Arroyomolinos Tel: 927 38 53 06 / 927 38 50 02 (Ayto) www.arroyomolinos.es turismo@aytoarroyomolinos.org

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CASARES DE HURDES Plaza Lindón, s/n (Ayuntamiento) 10628 Casares de Hurdes Teléfono: 927 67 61 91 / 639 48 97 16 www.mancomunidadhurdes.org ofturismocasaresdelashurdes@hotmail.es

GUADALUPE Plaza de Santa María de Guadalupe, s/n 10140 Guadalupe Tel.:927 15 41 28 / 927 36 71 36 oficinadeturismoguadalupe.blogspot.com ayuntamientodeguadalupe@hotmail.com

CORIA Plaza de San Pedro, 1. 10800 Coria Tel. 927 50 80 00- Ext. 290 (Ayuntamiento) http://turismo.coria.org/ oficinaturismo@coria.org

HERRERA DEL DUQUE C/ La Feria, 56 06670 Herrera del Duque Tel.: 924 64 22 14 turismo@herreradelduque.es HERVÁS C/ Braulio Navas, 6 10700 Hervás Tel: 927 47 36 18 / 47 49 63 www.turismodehervas.com oficina.turismo@hervas.com

DON BENITO Plaza del Museo s/n 06400 Don Benito Tel: 924 80 80 84 www.donbenito.org turismo@donbenito.es

HIGUERA LA REAL C/ Fuente, 12. 06350 Higuera la Real Tel.: 924 72 33 28 turismo@higueralareal.gob.es

FREGENAL DE LA SIERRA C/ El Rollo, 1 06340 Fregenal de la Sierra Tel. 924700000 Ext. 120 www.fregenaldelasierra.es turismo@fregenaldelasierra.es

HORNACHOS C/ Felipe Trigo, 1 (Casa de la Cultura) 06228 – Hornachos Tel: 924 53 35 33 www.hornachos.es turismo@hornachos.es

FUENTES DE LEÓN Plaza de España, 3 06280 Fuentes de León Tel: 924 72 41 74 www.fuentesdeleon.es turismo@fuentesdeleon.es

General Aspects

JARAÍZ DE LA VERA Av. Constitución, 167 10400 Jaraíz de la Vera Tel.: 927 17 05 87 www.ayto-jaraiz.com ofiturjaraizdelavera@gmail.com

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Art and History

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JARANDILLA DE LA VERA Avda. Soledad Vega Ortiz 10450 Jarandilla de la Vera Tel.: 927 56 04 60 www.jarandilla.com turismojarandilla@hotmail.com

MANCOMUNIDAD DE LA SERENA EN CASTUERA Palacio de los Condes de Ayala Plaza de España, s/n 06420 Castuera Tel.: 924 77 38 17 www.laserena.org oitserena@laserena.org

JEREZ DE LOS CABALLEROS Plaza de la Constitución, nº 4 06380 Jerez de los Caballeros Tel: 924 73 03 72 www.jerezcaballeros.es turismo@jerezcaballeros.es

MANCOMUNIDAD DE LA SERENA EN ZALAMEA DE LA SERENA Hermanas de la Cruz, s/n 06430 Zalamea de la Serena Tel.: 690 665 880 www.laserena.org turismo@zalamea.com

JERTE Avda. Ramón y Cajal, s/n. 10612 Jerte Tel: 927 47 04 53 oficinadeturismodejerte@hotmail.com

MANCOMUNIDAD DE TRASIERRA-TIERRAS DE GRANADILLA Pza. Poblado Gabriel y Galán 10712 Pantano Gabriel y Galán Tel.: 927 02 43 90 www.mancomunidadtrasierratierrasdegranadilla.es turismomancomunidadtrasierratierrasdegranadilla@hotmail.com

LLERENA C/ Aurora, 2 06900 Llerena Tel.: 924 87 05 51 www.llerena.org oficinaturismo@llerena.org

MANCOMUNIDAD DEL VALLE DEL JERTE Paraje de Peñas Albas, s/n 10610 Cabezuela del Valle Tel: 927 47 25 58 www.turismovalledeljerte.com turismo@mancomunidadvalledeljerte.com

LOS SANTOS DE MAIMONA Plaza de España, 9 (Casa de la Cultura) 06230 Los Santos de Maimona Tel.: 924 54 48 01 oficinadeturismo@lossantosdemaimona.org

MEDELLÍN Plaza de Hernán Cortes, s/n 06411 Medellín Tel: 924 82 24 38 / 609.286.187 www.medellin.es oficinadeturismo@medellin.es

MALPARTIDA DE CÁCERES C/ Santa María, 4. 10910.- Malpartida de Cáceres Tel.: 927 27 67 23 www.malpartidadecaceres.es turismomalpartida@gmail.com

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MÉRIDA Oficina de Turismo del Teatro Romano Paseo José Álvarez Sáenz de Buruaga, s/n 06800 Mérida Tel.: 924 33 07 22 www.turismomerida.org info@turismomerida.org / promocion@turismomerida.org MÉRIDA Oficina de Turismo de la Puerta de la Villa C/ Santa Eulalia, 62 Tel.: 924 38 01 91 www.turismomerida.org info@turismomerida.org / promocion@turismomerida.org (Marta Acosta) MONESTERIO Paseo de Extremadura, 205, Izq. 06260 Monesterio Tel.: 924 51 67 37 www.monesterio.es oitmonesterio@gmail.com

OLIVENZA Plaza de Santa María del Castillo, 15 06100 Olivenza Tel.: 924 49 01 51 www.ayuntamientodeolivenza.com turismo@ayuntamientodeolivenza.com PLASENCIA Pza. de Torre de Lucía s/n. 10600 Plasencia Tel.: 927 01 78 40 ofturismo.plasencia@gobex.es oficina.turismo@aytoplasencia.es PLASENCIA (Oficina Municipal) C/ Santa Clara, 8 Tel.: 927 42 38 43. oficina.turismo@aytoplasencia.es www.plasencia.es

MONTEHERMOSO Plaza de la Constitución s/n 10810 Montehermoso Tel.: 927 43 06 42 www.montehermoso.es turismo@montehermoso.es

TALARRUBIAS Centro de Interpretación de la Fauna Rupícola Ctra. N-430 Km. 167 (frente al camping) Embalse de Puerto Peña 06640 Talarrubias (Badajoz) Teléfono 924631151 www.talarrubias.net oit_talarrubias@hotmail.com

MORALEJA C/ Plaza de Toros, 5 10840 Moraleja Tel.: 927 14 70 88 www.sierradegata.org turismo@moraleja.es

TORREJÓN EL RUBIO C/ Madroño, 1 (Urb. Cerca del Olivo) 10694 Torrejón el Rubio Tel: 927 45 52 92 www.torrejonelrubio.es turismotorrejonelrubio@gmail.com


TRUJILLO Plaza Mayor, s/n 10200 Trujillo Tel. 927 32 26 77 www.turismotrujillo.com turismo@trujillo.es VALENCIA DE ALCÁNTARA Conventual de Santa Clara, Plaza Gregorio Bravo. 10500 Valencia de Alcántara Tel. 927 58 21 84 www.valenciadealcantara.es valturismo2000@yahoo.es VILLAFRANCA DE LOS BARROS Plaza de España, 11 06220 Villafranca de los Barros Tel. 924 52 08 35 Fax: 924 52 08 35 www.villafrancadelosbarros.es turismo@villafrancadelosbarros.es VILLANUEVA DE LA SERENA Plaza de España, 1 (Ayto.). 06700 Villanueva de la Serena Tel.: 924 84 60 10 Extensión 41126 www.villanuevadelaserena.es oficinaturismo@villanuevadelaserena.es

VILLANUEVA DE LA VERA Avda. de la Vera, s/n 10470 Villanueva de la Vera Tel: 927 56 70 31 turismo@villanuevadelavera.es VILLARREAL DE SAN CARLOS Centro de Información del Parque Nacional de Monfragüe. 10695 – Villarreal de San Carlos. Tel : 927 19 91 34 info.monfrague@gobex.es ZAFRA Plaza de España, s/n 06300 Zafra Tel. 924 55 10 36 http://www.turismodezafra.blogspot.com.es/ turismo@zafra.es


OTHER PUBLICATIONS BY THE GENERAL DIRECTION OF TOURISM

MAPS AND GENERAL GUIDES

TERRITORIAL GUIDES

Tourist Guide Of Extremadura

I- Sierra de Gata / Hurdes / Cáparra

Professional Guide of Extremadura

II- Valle del Ambroz / Valle del Jerte / La Vera

Rural Lodging Guide

III- Plasencia / Monfragüe / Campo Arañuelo

Camp Sites and Bungalows Guide

IV- Villuercas / Jara / Ibores

Vía de la Plata Guide

V- Cáceres / Trujillo-Miajadas / Montánchez-Tamuja

Tourist Map of Extremadura

VI- Sierra de San Pedro-Los Baldíos / Tajo-Salor-Almonte /

Ornithological Tourism Guide

Valle del Alagón

Green Way Map

VII- La Siberia / La Serena / Vegas Altas del Guadiana

Active Nature Map

VIII- Campiña Sur / Tentudía / Jerez-Sierra Suroeste

Tourist Caves Leaflet

IX- Comarca de Olivenza / Badajoz / Comarca de Lácara / Mérida

Green Way Leaflet

X- Sierra Grande-Tierra de Barros / Zafra-Río Bodión LOCAL GUIDES Badajoz - Cáceres - Mérida - Plasencia - Zafra - Trujillo Guadalupe - Coria - Valencia de Alcántara - Jerez de los Caballeros Olivenza - Llerena THEMATIC GUIDES Museums and Collections Guide Artistic-Historical Routes Guide Gastronomical Routes Guide Regional Tourist Interest Festivities Guide Tracks Guide Ecotourism Guide Weekend Routes Guide Spa Guide Active Nature Guide Archaeological Sites Guide


© GOBIERNO DE EXTREMADURA Consejería de Fomento, Vivienda, Ordenación del Territorio y Turismo Coordinación General: Dirección General de Turismo Fotografías: Julián Blasco Fuerte / Foto-Video Patón Preimpresión: XXI Estudio Gráfico Impresión: Artes Gráficas Rejas Depósito Legal: BA- 464 - 99


www.turismoextremadura.com

Una manera de hacer Europa

GOBIERNO DE EXTREMADURA


Tourist guide of Extremadura  

There is an infallible method for making a place form part of our deepest memories: walking it. The progressive change of the references in...

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