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CIT Students’ Union Magazine Issue Five - Volume Six

Major Delays to Crèche

Welfare Guide to Finance & Tax

Sport News & Results

Around the World in 365 Days or So!


expliCIT Editorial

What will 2005 have in store for us...

CIT Students’ Union Rossa Ave, Bishopstown Cork, Ireland. Telephone 021 493 3120 Fax 021 454 5343 Email info@expliCIT.ie

expliCIT Staff Editor - Steph Howard Design & Advertising - Philip O’Reilly

Contributions Colum Cronin Kim White Eric O’Rourke Social Studies Society Máiréad Maher

Emma Martin Keith Ricken David Musil Donna Foley Ken Dermody

CIT Students’ Union President - James Maher (supres@cit.ie) Vice President Education - Jamie Meaney (sueducation@cit.ie) Vice President Welfare - Daniel Keane (suwelfare@cit.ie) Entertainments Officer - Mark McCarthy (suents@cit.ie) Equality Officer - Ray O’Brien (suequality@cit.ie) Communications Officer - Steph Howard (sucomms@cit.ie)

Print Barnaville Print & Graphics LTD Freshford, Kilkenny.

expliCIT magazine is published monthly by CIT Students’ Union. The views expressed in the magazine are those of their authors and are not necessarily those of CIT Students’ Union. All articles and pictures are the property of their respective owners and should not be reproduced without the permission of their owners.

We Need You! If you would like to contribute to expliCIT please contact Philip in the main SU office (C143) or email: expliCIT@citsu.ie

Firstly, on behalf of everyone here in the Students’ Union and expliCIT, I would like to offer our sincere condolences to the families of the victims of the Asian Tsunami Disaster. Please note that this magazine was ready for print before the disaster and that is why little is written about it in this month’s issue. We would be grateful if everyone could get involved with any campaigns that we may have in the New Year to raise funds to help the survivors. Another year over, and a new one just begun, good luck to 2004 and welcome to 2005. Hopefully this is the year that I will graduate out of here with some class of a higher cert and that this great establishment sees a new member to its family opening: the Student Centre. Word on the street is that it will be open by next September, I’m not holding my breath. Before we launch fully into a brand New Year, let’s remind ourselves of the year that was 2004: Car clamping and fines eventually became no longer an idle threat on the grounds of CIT with many a student day being made ten times worse by a big dirty clamp stuck to their wheel and no money to get it off. A great sigh of relief was heard when the Minister for Education, Mr. Noel Dempsey, gave the Cork School of Music the go ahead, not without a great amount of persuasion of course. We got a brand new Director, Dr. Brendan Murphy, who seems to be settling in well to his new post. The Nite Shuttle was launched in October and the demand is still as high as ever, and an extra time was added to the time-table. Enough dwelling on the past, there are a lot of things to look forward to in the coming year with Rag Week and the mystery tour only around the corner. Tim and Mark have promised they will be the best yet. Hope the exams went well for everyone and please make “I’m gonna write an article for expliCIT” one of your New Years resolutions. Until next month. Slán Steph


CIT Crèche is Not a Prority for Minister McDowell’s Dept “...it’s unacceptable that we have been fobbed off yet again for funding for this vital facility. Action will certainly have to be taken in the next few weeks to shame the Minister...” The plans for a new crèche in CIT were shattered last month with an announcement that the project “has not been prioritised for immediate funding” by the Minister for Justice, Equality and Law Reform, Mr Michael McDowell. The announcement comes after weeks of dialogue between the department and CIT representatives who have been seeking an additional €900,000 from the Equal Opportunities Childcare Programme 2000-2006 to add to the €400,000 put aside by the Institute for this project. It had been thought that the news was going to be positive, in the light that the Institute is one of the only third level facilities in the country to not have any childcare facilities on site. Planning permission was even sought in early November and was expected to be approved by the planning authorities within the next several weeks.

of CIT who have children and who will be forced to drop out and to stay at home. It’s unacceptable that we have been fobbed of yet again for funding for this vital facility. Action will certainly have to be taken in the next few weeks to shame the Minister for his irrational decision. CIT Students’ voices will be heard”.

Commenting on the announcement Daniel Keane, Vice-President Welfare, said “We in the Students’ Union are devastated by the news. All had looked so positive in the past fews weeks but Minister McDowell has let the students of CIT down badly and it is indeed students who will suffer. There is a large percentage of the student population

Cork Institute of Technology is currently one of only a few colleges in Cork, including PLCs, that do not offer childcare facilities for students. CIT Students’ Union is requesting that students that would avail of new crèche facilities, to please contact the Welfare Office immediately in the SU Prefab to discuss any further campaigns.

A spokesperson directed by the Minister stated, “all of the projects being announced were selected on the basis of their offering a good range of childcare services, targeting a wide age range and addressing the widest service gaps in childcare provision at local level. The Minister has asked me to advise you that your project has not been priortised for immediate funding at this time but may be reconsidered in the future”.

CIT Students and Staff raise over €2,500 for Charity Christmas days held on the various Campuses of CIT were not just festive occasions but helped raise much needed funding for local charities and contributed to a better Christmas for those less well off. The bulk of the money was raised through the hard work and generosity of the Canteen Staff on the Bishopstown Campus who donated over €2,000 from the takings from Christmas Dinners. Other money was raised through the sale of Santa Hats and Christmas Dinner Donations from The NMCI. Donations were made to Cork Simon Community and to St Vincent De Paul (through CIT’s own SVP Society). Both organisations were delighted with the donations and expressed their sincere thanks to all the Staff and Students.

James Maher, CITSU President stated, “I am very proud to be part of this Institute and to represent students, who despite having little disposable income, never fail to dig deep when it comes to donating to good causes”. Last month, Social Studies held fundraising events in their department toward the purchase of presents for the sick children in Cork University Hospital. They also held fund raising activities on campus seeking money from students in other departments. The children at the CUH were presented with the presents during a special visit by Santa and carol singers from the Social Studies Department on Friday 17th December 2004.

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Santa makes his first visit to NMCI Santa took some time off in the run up to his busiest time of the year, Christmas, and paid his first visit to the National Marine College in Ringaskiddy, on the 9th of December. It was all fun, a festivity as the whole canteen area was taken over and decorated in all the Christmas essential tinsel along the walls, Christmas trees and crackers aplenty donning all the tables.

Pat Fitz rocked the canteen in his usual unique way from 12.30pm till 2.00pm. Santa arrived just after 1.00 pm with loads of gifts for all the crowd and dished them out to all the good little ‘boys’ and ‘girls’. Santa hats were on sale to help boost the money going to charity and every one gave the modest price of €1 for them.

The day kicked off at 12.30 pm when the canteen started to dish out a fantastic Christmas dinner with all the trimmings. “The dessert of hot apple crumble with custard was without doubt one of the best I have had in a long time. The price tag of €5 with €1 going to charity was well worth it. The staff got into the true spirit of Christmas and weren’t mean with the portions. I was stuffed when I finally found the plate hidden under the food”, stated Jamie Meaney, CITSU VP Education.

After the college party had finished it was on to the pub for a few Christmas drinks before heading out on a mystery tour, which to this day is still a mystery to all, except the Christmas revellers that went on it. Talking to Santa after the day he said “I loved every minute of it, I definitely will come back next year to NMCI. See you all in 2005.” With that santa had to return to the north pole to finalise his plans for the big night. €394 was raised by students and staff for charity.

CITSU Appeals to Raise Funds for Asian Tsunami Survivors Cork Institute of Technology Students’ Union is urging all students to help in the organisation of fund raising campaigns for the survivors of the Asian Tsunami disaster that occurred on St. Stephen’s Day 2004. The Union Executive is currently meeting with other concerned parties around the Institute to co-ordinate events to raise as much funding as possible. Currently it is estimated that almost 150,000 people have perished in the disaster, and may include many Irish people who still remain missing. CITSU President, James Maher, said “Needless to say the thoughts of all of us in CIT go out to those millions effected by the disaster and we will be putting together a number of initiatives to raise money for relief efforts in the region. A human tragedy on such a scale is hard to grasp. The numbers are really all we grasp at, for most of us cannot know the more individual pain suffered by those who lost their whole families, villages and even whole towns in the disaster. Words mean very little in a situation like this. All we can say is our hearts go out to them”.


expliCIT Movie Review: by Eric O’Rourke

National Treasure

The New Year has come and gone. It's a time to start over with resolutions and collect those waste of time magazine part series like the Prisoner or that one with the puzzles. Also our cinemas have little to offer before the season begins in late January. The heavily advertised, National Treasure, is sort of a high concept modern day Indiana Jones meets The Da Vinci Code type of yarn. Nicolas Cage takes on the Indiana role in the form of treasure hunter, Ben Gates, or "treasure protector" as he wishes to be thought of. Beyond the stupid euphonium, Gates is part of a family that has long searched for a treasure that is the ultimate in secret hoards. Through his obsession, Gates comes into conflict with his father, Patrick Gates (Jon Voight), who provides a kind of stop following your dreams and get a real life/job message to our hero. But soon enough as clues are discovered by Gates and his sidekicks, Abigail Chase (Diane Kruger) and Riley Poole (Justin Bartha), his Daddy decides to get with the program and enjoy the fun. Being an adventure movie, locations are always going to be an important factor. The central trio of the story Cage, Kruger and Bartha, visit most of the Grade A Historical sites on the East Coast of the U.S. Since it's the New Year and people are booking holidays, maybe it's a good idea to flaunt what America has got. In the midst of all this site seeing Gates must fight off, Ian Howe (Sean Bean), a dangerous man, who had a falling out with our hero up in the Arctic. Bean does his usual villainous bit, like barking orders, holding guns and being his usual dodgy sort. While watching this, it struck me that we might be about to see a new craze in Motion pictures, which is namely the ‘Secret Societies’ phenomenon. In the nineties, it was aliens with big black eyes and even bigger heads. These are basically unbelievable stories, which people like to think could be true. Maybe it's real or maybe it is not,

but a burning interest in past and present history that’s hidden, is now in vogue a la Dan Brown's The Da Vinci Code, plus all those books linking George Bush and his family to the Illuminati Secret Society seem to be all over the bookstores. This shadowy group (Illumanti) not unlike the "Free Masons " in National Treasure, have signs supposedly everywhere such as the "all seeing eye " on the dollar or that the Statute of Liberty closely resembles an icon that is revered by this society! Who cares about this stuff anyway? Well for starters The Da Vinci Code was one of the biggest selling books in recent times and could be seen in the hands of numerous students at CIT. This novel is currently being filmed and it's expected to get a November 2006 release. National Treasure, which gives reference to some secret societies such as the Knight's Templer and the Free Masons, has by the time of going to print probably gone on to do a decent round at the box office. Think back ten years ago (The Bill Clinton Era) and the X - Flies was beginning to amass a huge fan base. Through this interest, movies such as Independence Day and Men In Black went on to become two of the most successful motion pictures of all time. Plus countless documentaries, books and Internet sites sprung up during this craze all leading up to the 50th anniversary of the Roswell UFO crash. The present time has us pondering why George Bush does what he does. All the anti Bush, Halliburton and Carlyle group books have spawned a big business that has made ordinary guys like Micheal Moore, very rich men. So a trend may be currently exploding and the marketing men in Hollywood may be on to something big. As for National Treasure it's a fun movie that ain't bad, but unless you are a huge Indiana Jones fan, then it might be worth waiting for this one on DVD.


Welfare guide to:

Finance & Tax

“...This year the main changes effected the tax credit figure which will help those students to hold onto a little more of their money...”

Medical Card (Rate is calculated: Gross less PRSI and Health Contribution)

Every year the rates and credits for income tax change in Ireland. This year the main changes effected the tax credit figure which will help those students earning over €127 a week, to hold onto a little more of their money. All those earning less than €127 will still be tax free. There are no changes to the tax rates of 20% and 42%. The Standard rate tax band has been widened. The table below sets out the tax rates and bands.

Personal Circumstances 2004

2005

Single/Widowed without dependant children

28,000 @ 20% Balance @ 42%

29,400 @ 20% Balance @ 42%

Single widowed qualifying for One Parent Family tax Credit

32,000 @ 20% Balance @ 42%

33,400 @ 20% Balance @ 42%

Married Couple one spouse with Income

37,000 @ 20% Balance @ 42%

38,400 @ 20% Balance @ 42%

Married Couple both spouses with Income

37,000 @ 20% . with increase of 19,000 max Balance @ 42%

38,400 @ 20% with increase of 20,400 max. Balance @ 42%

Income Tax In his Budget Statement on 1 December 2004, the Minister for Finance announced a number of changes to the personal tax system.

Rates Medical Card income guidelines with effect from 1st January 2005:

Weekly Income Limit

(Gross less PRSI and Health Contribution)

Category Aged under 66 Single person living alone €142.50 Single person living with family €127 Married couple €206.50 Allowance for child aged under 16 €26 Allowance for dependants aged over 16 (with no income) €27 Allowance for house expenses (rent, etc.) in excess of €26 €23 Allowance for cost of travelling to work: in excess of Your rent will also be taken into consideration to increase the limit but if you are getting a grant this will increase your income.

So how do I calculate my income? Example 1: John is 21, works part time and earns €100 per week. He lives in rented accommodation in Bishopstown but his parents live in Waterford. Firstly Multiply his weekly earning by 52 to get his annual income : €100 * 52 = € 5200 If you read the exemptions box across you will see that €5210 is the cut off point for having to pay PAYE so because John is below this he does not have to pay PAYE. If John can prove he is completely financially dependant from his parents then he should be entitled to a medical card. Example 2 : Sharon left college a year early to have her first child Kate. She is a single mother and is finishing her course by night. She works during the day in a local business and earns €360 gross per week.

Tax Credits The table below outlines increases for 2005:

Tax Credits

2004

2005

Single Person Married Person Widowed person (without dependent children) One Parent Family Credit PAYE Credit ncapacitated Child Credit max.

€1,520 €3,040

€1,580 €3,160

€1,820 €1,520 €1,040

€1,980 €1,580 €1,270

€ 500

€1,000

Firstly Multiply her weekly earning by 52 to get her annual income : €360 * 52 = €18,720. Because this figure is below €33,400 (for a single person with a dependant child), Sharon’s PAYE is calculated @ 20% = €3,744. A single person’s tax credit with a dependant child is €1,580 so this is deducted from €3,744 giving €2164 tax payable. A single person’s PAYE credit is €1,270, so this is deducted giving €894 tax payable by Sharon.

Employees are exempt from PRSI on the first €127 per week, or €26 per week for employees on a modified PRSI rate. Employees earning €287 or less per week are exempt from PRSI and Health Contribution. However, where earnings in excess of €287 per week, the employee’s PRSI Free Allowance remains at €127 per week or €26 per week for employees on a modified PRSI rate. Employees earning €356 or less per week are exempt from the Health Contribution of 2%.

The exemption point for PRSI is €287 per week. Because Sharon is earning more than this a week we calculate her PRSI as follows: (Gross weekly income - €127 allowance) @ 4% (Gross weekly income) @ 2% - exempt due to single parent status.

Note: Recipients of a Social Welfare Widow’s or Widower’s Pension, Deserted Wife’s Benefit/Allowance or One-Parent Family Payment are exempt from paying the 2% Health Contribution. All Medical Card holders (including people age 70 or over, from 1 July 2001) are also exempt from this contribution.

So we multiply this by 52 to get annual PRSI = €484.64 Add this to PAYE - €894 + €484.64 = €1378.64 Deduct this from Sharon’s annual income = €17341.36 Then divide this by 52 to get net weekly income = €333.48

(€360 - €127) @ 4% = €9.32


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Orange People Can I tell you my secret? I see orange people. Walking around like regular people. They don't see each other. They only see what they want to see. They don't even know they're orange. I’m talking of course about the fake tan pandemic that has swept the country, for many it has become an addiction and they’ve abandoned their pale, porcelain complexion and instead embraced a fluorescent orange glow. In short they look as if they’ve just been tangoed! Take a walk around the CIT campus and you’re guaranteed to come across at least one tangerine nightmare; but it’s not merely limited to CIT girls, oh no! I’m talking about CIT girls, UCC girls, skinny girls, fat girls, tall girls, small girls, all turning into orange girls. What caused this phenomenon? Did someone wake up one morning, look in the mirror and think “Orange skin, hmmm…that’d be a good look.” Were we subjected to too much Willy Wonka as children? Just what is the fascination with looking like an Oompa Loompa? It’s not attractive girls. Think about it, were there any female Oompa Loompas? No. And why is that? Because nobody’s attracted to carrot faced weirdoes, that’s why. Oompa Loompa doom-pa-dee-do, I’ve got an orange complexion for you. Oompa Loompa doom-pa-dee-dee, If you are wise you’ll stay away from me. What do you get when you use bad fake tan? Turning as orange as Cheryl Tweedy can, She’s as orange as Garfield the cat! What do you think will come of that? I don’t like the look of it. Oompa Loompa doom-pa-dee-da… Whilst poking fun at other people’s fake tanning disasters is all very well, there is a serious issue here namely ‘tanorexia’; the phrase has been coined to describe sun bed addicts who are in danger of getting skin can-

Re-Exposed by Colum Cronin

cer. Tanorexics believe that the deeper the tan, the healthier, slimmer and more beautiful they look; unfortunately they neglect the fact that what they are doing to themselves is extremely dangerous. Symptoms of the phenomenon are all around us, for instance it’s now possible whilst perusing your local video store to top up on your tan! I mean honestly who decided that film rental and tanning salons go hand-inhand? What next nightclubs acting as funeral homes! Medical experts are particularly concerned about younger addicts; sporting a year round tan has become a must have for many teenage girls and they seem unconcerned by risks involved. In Britain approximately 7,000 people are diagnosed with skin cancer annually with almost 1,700 deaths from the disease.

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And while this tanning obsession is predominantly a female fixation, men are not exempt and there are plenty of examples of male ‘tanorexics’ in the celebrity world: Dale Winton, Robert Kilroy Silk and David Dickinson to name but three. These are people who appear to have taken the advert slogan “the future’s bright, the future’s orange” rather too literally. Irish people aren’t meant to resemble tanned leather handbags; isn’t it about time that we as a nation woke up to the fact that one doesn’t have to be tanned to be beautiful? What is it that engenders in us this craving for transformation? Is it an inferiority complex; do we feel inadequate in comparison to our tanned European neighbours? Well I’ve got news for you there are plenty of gorgeous pale people out there, just look at Nicole Kidman, Jennifer Connelly and Liv Tyler; and anyway remember that the members of Girls Aloud, Jessica Simpson and Britney will all resemble dried prunes by the time they’re forty. Whether black, white, yellow, or brown we should be proud of our skin colour and not feel the need to alter it, those who do invariably end up looking ridiculous, just ask Michael Jackson.

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CIT Students’ Union President Normally expliCIT submissions are entered for the New Year edition before the Christmas break, so the majority of addresses and articles were written before the tragedy in South-East Asia occurred. Needless to say the thoughts of all of us in CIT go out to those millions effected by the disaster and we will be putting together a number of initiatives to raise money for relief efforts in the region. A human tragedy on such a scale is hard to grasp. The numbers are really all we grasp at, for most of us cannot know the more individual pain suffered by those who lost their whole families, villages and even whole towns in the disaster. Words mean very little in a situation like this. All we can say is our hearts go out to them. It can make things like exam results and assignments seem insignificant when so much can be washed away in such a short time. However, remember this, whatever you do here may help prevent such disasters in the future. Maybe you will be part of an engineering effort for an early warning system in the future. You may market a product, which can stop such disasters. You may work on a computer model for the predictions of such events so lives can be saved. We can only do what we can and hope it makes a difference. We can never change the past but the future is still ours to mould. Anyone with any fund raising ideas or who wishes to be involved can contact us in the Student’s Union prefab.

Anyway, Happy New Year and welcome back to CIT I hope you have all enjoyed the holidays and that everything went well. To start, I just want to clear up a number of things. The first is the Governing Body has officially agreed that there will be a bar in the Student Centre. This is official so it will happen. Negotiations will be going on over the coming months on how it is to be run and managed. Also the Student Centre itself will not be open till at least September. Notice the “at least” in that sentence. There is still a lot of work to be done including fit out and the tendering process after the handover of the building. The next thing is the potential adoption of the new constitution that may be put before you in the coming weeks. A SU needs to change and grow in order to keep up with the current demands on it. The SU belongs to the students of CIT, not any other group and that ownership must be protected. Suggested measures being included are tighter control of officers’ wages, clearer definition of the SU roles and a number of other things. When it does go to referendum I would ask you all to vote. This is your decision and you will be the ones who it helps. Look at the issues and what we are proposing and make up your mind. I will finish by correcting an oversight from last month’s expliCIT. Christmas day lunch was made possible by the work of the canteen staff. It was a bad omission on my part they were forgotten in the last edition and I would like to take this opportunity to thank them for the work done and the money raised on Christmas day. It was greatly appreciated by the students and the Students’ Union. Regards, James

CIT Students’ Union Vice President Education Welcome back all to the hallowed halls of CIT after what well for me, was a brilliant Christmas and New Year. I hope all the celebrations went off without a hitch and that you all had fun at whatever kind of parties you attended during the holidays. For me I was tied up with that excellent book that has everyone talking, which is none other than “The Da Vinci Code”, a must read for all you book addicts that haven’t read it already, for those not in to reading, fear not, it is going to be made into a movie due for release in 2006, directed by Ron Howard. Now that 2005 is on us, it’s time for some resolutions - maybe give up the “ciggies” or the alcohol which are the usual. Maybe the more intrepid might try and take up some extra study and dust off that study table at home, which is currently probably home to a vast array of sweet wrappers and wrapping paper, among other stuff left over from the holidays.

Would you like to get involved with our magazine expliCIT? We are always looking for students to submit articles and photos for our magazine. If you are interested in submitting news, reviews, feature articles, photos, sport or societies info then please get in contact with us now! Email: info@expliCIT.ie Tel: 021 4933124 Meet: SU Shop - C143

Also with the turning of 2004 to 2005, we saw the start of our reign as European Capital of Culture, which kicked off on the 8th of Jan with a massive party, which I am sure you all attended in some form. This year will be full of great festivals and concerts and other great things so say the planners. Lets hope they get it right and Cork will be rocking right through 2005. Finally I hope the holidays cleared the head of the stresses that college can bring and you are back with a fresh mind and ready for the year ahead, because as always with CIT, exams are slowly creeping around the corner. If you need anything call into me in the Students’ Union Prefab. Remember if things get tough don’t leave it to0 late we can help. Regards, Jamie


CIT Students’ Union Vice President Welfare Welcome back to you all after your well deserved Christmas break and with the exams out of the way you can all relax back into Monday night TV, late night pints and an hour too many on the new X-Box that Santa left under the tree. Unfortunately I was bold last year and my lump of coal didn’t work very well in the gas fire. I’ve been inundated in the past weeks with students having problems with their landlords mainly in relation to the return of deposits. If you have a problem with your landlord or any issue call in to me for a chat because most problems can be sorted easily with the right information. For those of you who are unaware, if you have signed up for the refuse

charges waiver in the past year, this ran out on 1st January and it’s necessary to send back in another form to the council to ensure continued collection. With every New Year comes new things, new worries, new excitement, new friends, new enemies, new experiences – the question is which will 2005 bring for you? Looking back on 2004, I’m shocked and surprised to find that I’ve more than seven months of my term completed – time is just flying by. Being honest I think a New Year is like everything in life, you’ll get back only what you put into in. Enjoy! All the best, Daniel.

CIT Students’ Union Entertainments Officer Firstly let me welcome back everyone and hope you all had a ball during the holidays. I hope the exams didn’t prove to be too stressful and we can all start looking forward to the Mystery Tour and Rag Week.

To all our class reps don’t forget to organise your class parties and keep up to date with all that’s going on. That’s it for now folks,

!

Also, we should not forget that now it’s 2005, we in Cork are living in the European Capital of Culture. There promises to be plenty of activities and gigs in the months ahead, exciting stuff!

Happy New Year to everyone. Mark.

We are also now heading into the season of Clubs and Societies Balls, so it all makes for a hectic time.

CIT Students’ Union Ragweek 2005 - 7th to 11th February Please feel free to contact us if you would like to get involved in the Entertainments or Charity Crews for the Week suents@cit.ie - Raise And Give Week

!


CIT GAA Ball Photos

Email your Photos to Us:

info@expliCIT.ie GAA Photos provided by Keith Ricken & Steph Howard


Free Tickets Won to Prague on CIT Czech Day “...There were fabulous prizes on offer: Books about Prague, T-shirts, BUDVAR fleece jackets, Czech liquid heritage, a top prize of Two free direct flights with Czech Airlines from Cork to Prague and much much more...”

Hi, the Christmas break is definitely over. New term has just started and it's a perfect time to think of the next holidays – maybe in the “Heart of Europe”.

Cubist, and Functionalist architecture. To describe Prague in one paragraph is impossible, you have to go there and aspirate the atmosphere.

Firstly, we will briefly introduce ourselves. We are an Erasmus exchange students – David, Jan and Michal from Czech Technical University in Prague. We are currently studying in CIT.

Prague is also a city of fun. Clubs spin their tunes from dusk to dawn and beer is served almost everywhere. Whether you are into clubbing, or just fancy a late drink and a good night out, there's plenty of nightlife for everyone.

Now let’s go to our announcement. Do you find Ireland a little bit expensive? Would you like to go on a great and cheap holiday? Would you like to visit a historical city that never goes to sleep? If you want to gain all the above keep reading, you'll get the answer where to go.

To offer a chance to give more information we organised a “Czech Day” in CIT. The presentations, expositions and competitions were held in the college theatre, exhibition hall and also in the main corridor of the Bishopstown Campus on January 12, 2005. The program started at 10:00 am and ran up to 5:00 pm.

We are proud to present you our country - Czech Republic. The Czech Republic with its capital of Prague has 10.3 million inhabitants and is about the same size as Ireland. We are full members of NATO and since May 2004 also part of European Union.

There were fabulous prizes on offer: Books about Prague, T-shirts, BUDVAR fleece jackets, Czech liquid heritage, a top prize of Two free direct flights with Czech Airlines from Cork to Prague and much much more.

We don't have any sea, but mountains which surround almost all the country offer great opportunities to go skiing during winter and hiking in summer. It's said that it’s the country with the highest concentration of UNESCO heritage in the world, most of you have already heard about Prague, but there are other beautiful places to see. Towns like Kutna Hora or Cesky Krumlov and spas like Karlovy Vary (Karlsbad) and Marianske Lazne are definitely worth a visit.

Program Included: • Photographic exhibition of Czech natural and cultural heritage, • Tasting Czech cuisine, • Showing documentary movies about Czech Republic and Prague, • Showing Czech movie “Kolja” – awarded by Oscar 1997, • PowerPoint presentation about Czech Republic and our university, • Knowledge test, • Extra supporting test of skill - penalty shoots against “Dominik Hasek”, • A chance to meet culture attaché from Czech Embassy - Mgr. Katerina Sromova

The most attractive understandably is Prague; the 1.3 million-strong capital is among the most visited cities in Europe. Since the Middle Ages Prague has been attributed with adjectives such as “Golden”, “Hundred - Spired" and ”Heart of Europe”. Prague is a living textbook of different architectural styles, where Romanesque, Gothic, Renaissance, and Baroque structures stand side by side with examples of Art Nouveau,

The presentation was supported by the Czech Embassy, Czech Technical University in Prague, CIT International Office and International Student Society in CIT.

CIT’s Number 1 Ball Venue of 2005 19th Jan 20th Jan 2nd Feb

Schemers & Mechanical Engineering Ball Business Studies, Accounting & Catering and Tourism Ball Masquerade Ball - including the following Balls - Pick n Mix Computers & Chemical Engineering, Elec Trix & Tronix Ball


CIT Students Around the World in 365 days (or so) “...We decided that a year out is what we needed. To travel into the wide yonder, ready for adventure and best of all the satisfaction of quitting our jobs, packing in Ireland’s lousy weather to spend some time in the southern hemisphere where hopefully the sun will shine...” More and more people are deciding to get out of the rat-race to take a break. When my friends and I met to discuss our summer holiday we realised that lying on a deck by a pool or getting scorched by the sun on the beaches of a cheap package holiday destination was not what we wanted to do. We decided that a year out is what we needed. To travel into the wide yonder, trading in home comforts for the great open road, ready for adventure and best of all the satisfaction of quitting our jobs, packing in Ireland’s lousy weather to spend some time in the southern hemisphere where hopefully the sun will shine. As we travel, we will pile our experiences and advice into a rough travel log and it will become a regular feature in expliCIT. If a trip like ours is on the cards for you, then hopefully this will help you to decide where you want to go and when is the best time to go. Our best advice is, just to take the jump, pack up your stuff, kiss your mother goodbye and hit the road. How do you know if this is for you? When you’re so fed up of your job/college you can’t get up in the morning. The places you go to socialise seem so mundane and you don’t even know why you’re there. Your mother has plans to convert your room into an office whether you like it or not. You have just hit 29 because it’s your last chance to get a work visa before your 30 and disqualified, or you might just be a hobo at heart! Planning a Trip – Stolen Advice (thesite.org) Research is the anchor of travel planning but do not plan every second of your trip or you'll miss out on unexpected opportunities. Knowing a bit about the culture, geography and even language of an area will not affect your sense of spontaneity, it'll add to it and lead you off the tourist trail and into the "real" country. Be prepared, so that when you find those temple ruins, or stumble into a local Mountain village's festival, or pick up a restaurant's menu in a squiggle language, you will have some understanding. You will feel confident to experiment with new food or activities, ask questions and make contact with local people and find out more about the sights and sounds saturating the environment. Independent travel is a challenge - which is the reason why it can be so rewarding. You have the opportunity to step out of the normal routine and try new things. Be flexible, open and in the know. Keep this in mind wherever you go, and you'll be on the right track for a year out that'll set you up for life. Resources • Libraries and bookshops – Guides whether rough or professional will give you a taste of a country, so these are a brilliant way to start. • Travel agencies – try to have an idea of your itinerary or take all the brochures home. Check out the routes and prices before you start to book anything.

• •

The Internet – lots and lots of information here; try lonelyplanet.com to start you off. Friends and Family – bug everyone you know who has travelled; they will give you the best advice and have plenty of stories to wet your appetite.

Money This has been one of the biggest things on our minds since we decided to go. ‘Maaaam’ and ‘Daaaad’ tends to stop working when you hit puberty never mind graduated from college. The best way to solve this is to pay your favourite bank manager a visit or hope that by spending €3 twice a week on the national lottery will prove to be fruitful. Jabs Unless you are only going to Australia or New Zealand, these are unavoidable. Every country has different requirements so you need to check it out with a local travel vaccine centre. You will also find a list of what you need on the World Health Organisation website http://www.who.int/en/. Make sure you make an appointment early as it could take a few weeks for the full dosage to be administered. If you plan to head to Australia or New Zealand first and then travel on when you’ve made enough money, you might want to consider getting your jabs there, as they will be cheaper. You may also need to take malaria and water purification tablets. Malaria tablets are quite tricky, as they require you to take them for a period before you enter and leave certain countries. Speak to your GP about what malaria tablets suit you. Rough Price Guideline The problem with living in one of the most expensive countries in Europe, if not the world, is the cost of a trip like this. If you're thinking about heading to Australia or New Zealand on the working-holiday programme one of the first things you'll need to consider is your visa. This will enable you to work in Australia or New Zealand for up to twelve months and is a great way to supplement your income while travelling. However, to obtain these visas you will need to show proof of funds (Australia – approx €3000 and New Zealand – approx €2200) and your return tickets. The round the world flight package – will cost anything between €1000 - €1700 depending on who you book with and how many stops you want to take. Don’t forget that you will have to add airport taxes to this. Work permits (visas) – Australia €130 New Zealand €110 Insurance – €300 to €400 depending on the type of cover required. It’ll be more expensive to add hazard sport cover etc. Look out for special deals with insurance like a free Australian working-holiday visa etc. Jabs – These are totally dependant on the countries you’ll be travailing to.


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Our Trip Our trip will take us through the USA, Fiji, New Zealand, Australia, Singapore, Hong Kong, Thailand, Cambodia, Vietnam, Loas and India. We had originally planned on going through South America but a waiting list for flights meant we had to change our itinerary. This can happen, just don’t let it spoil you trip! We have left all our travel dates open so we can move when our mood takes us. We have also looked into some internal flights so we can see as much as possible. These will be cheaper to book there. We will also be in a better position to know what we are doing when we get there. We hope you will enjoy reading about our travel adventures or misadventures as they could very well be! By the time you are reading this we will have spent New Years in LA so tune in to find out. Just remember that the travel bug is contagious, we will do our utmost not to pass it on but if you’re bitten... Adiós, Máiréad, Donna & Ken

Fact File Name: Máiréad Maher Date of Birth: 26/07/1979 What I’ve done: Past student of CIT, managed to get a degree in Applied Biosciences. I also had the misfortune to do a Masters in Science, Bad Plan! Being a college student for seven years is not a good idea, trust me! Why I’m leaving: Finished college, get as far away from educational facilities as humanly possible. I don’t want to grow up, plenty of time to do that in ten years.

Fact File Name: Donna Foley Date of Birth: 04/05/1980 What I’ve done: Past student of Electronic Engineering in CIT, I was also a Sabbatical Officer – Vice President Welfare – in the Students’ Union for two years. Why I’m leaving: I’m not ready to settle down or get a real job. To be honest I don’t even know why I want or need a real job. Plenty of opportunity to figure out what I want, when lazing on some beach in the far reaches of the southern hemisphere.

Fact File Name: Ken Dermody Date of Birth: 20/01/1980 What I’ve done: Studied Mechanical Engineering here in CIT. Why I’m leaving: Please Sir, you’re making a scene.

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CIT Sport Clubs Round-up by Emma Martin Cycling The Cycling Club is in its training season at the moment. Club members are preparing hard for future events; hopes are high to enter a team into the Intervarsities. Training is on every Wednesday, meeting at 5pm at the bus stop next to the pathway to Parchment Square. New members are always welcome.

Soccer – Ladies CIT NUIG TRINITY CIT

3 4 2 9

v v v v

DCU CIT CIT CSN

0 3 2 0

Ladies Soccer team started the year well, determined to regain their Premier Division status. They got underway with a convincing 3-0 win over DCU. CIT created the best of the chances, Dee Calnan scoring two great goals in the first half. Debbie Coomey’s hard work in midfield paid off as her forward run was picked out by Mairead Kelly, Debbie finishing well from just inside the 18yard box. CIT’s next outing saw them travel to Galway for a clash with NUIG. CIT started slowly and were 2-0 down early in the game. As the first half have developed, CIT gradually got back into the game and their pressure paid off when Kariena Richards made the score 2-1. CIT came out in the second half all guns blazing and were rewarded for their efforts with another goal from Kariena. This sparked NUIG into action and they quickly regained the lead and added a fourth shortly after. It was an uphill battle for CIT from then on but in true CIT fashion, they never gave up. On her CIT debut Kariena completed her hat-trick making it a nervous end of a game for NUIG. NUIG held out for the victory, however from a CIT perspective there were many positive aspects to take from this game. Captain Dee Calnan commented, “We’ve had a good start to the season so far, the result against NUIG was disappointing but we were missing a few key players. In saying that, we put up a good performance against a strong Galway side. We travel to Dublin next for our game against Trinity and we’ll be looking for another good performance” The match against Trinity College, Dublin began well for the CIT girls but Coach Niall O Regan was forced to shuffle around his team as Irish International Kariena Richards went off with an ankle injury. CIT responded well to the changes and took the lead through a goal from Caroline Hanley, giving CIT a well deserved 1-0 lead. Trinity came out in the second half and attacked from the first whistle. CIT were very much on the back foot and midway through the first half were 2-1 down. The score line could have been much worse except for some fine saves by goalkeeper Aoife Kelliher. CIT never gave up and were rewarded in the final minutes. A combination of some great play by Hanley and a mistake by the Trinity Keeper saw CIT score in the dying minutes of the game. Captain Dee Calnan was happy with the point “Having been under so much pressure in the second half we were fortunate to come away from Dublin with a share of the points” Their next home game saw the visit of local rivals Colaiste Stiofain Naofa, two teams with very different starts to the season. CIT hoping to build on recent results to maintain their title challenge, while CSN were looking to kick start their campaign. CIT were fired up for this clash and were quick off the starting blocks. They got off to the best possible start by scoring three goals in the first 15minutes. It was Mairead

Kelly who stole the show, opening the scoring in the first few minutes. A through ball from Kariena Richards found Kelly 6yards from goal. Kelly added a second only a few minutes later, when Caroline Hanley beat the offside and crossed in a great ball, Kelly timed her run to perfection and volleyed the ball past the oncoming CSN Keeper. The third goal came from Caroline Hanley via Kelly who returned the favour by picking out Hanley’s run into the box. CSN showed very little in attack and rarely troubled the CIT defence. They found themselves further behind when Dee Delaney’s powerful drive from the edge of the area found the back of the net. The fifth was again instrumented by Kelly, after some great individual play, she found her shot well saved. However, the ball fell nicely to Hanley who had the easy task of tapping it into an empty net. Scoring her second of the game and making it four goals in two games. CIT came out in the second half and began it just as they had the first. Debbie Coomey’s quick throw found Kariena Richards in space and she ran forward with pace and her low drive made the score six – nil. At this stage CIT were firing on all cylinders and CSN could do little to stop them. Richards made it seven, midway through the second half, a neat pass finding Richards in the box, taking one touch to control before hammering home a right footed shot. Kelly completed her hat-trick when she capitalised on a poor kick-out. Debbie Coomey finished up the scoring for CIT, taking the final score to 9-0 Captain Dee Calnan was delighted with the result “We played very well and got off to a great start which helped us throughout the whole game.” CIT will continue their League campaign in the New Year; they’ll also face Maynooth in the WSCAI Challenge Cup and have the Indoor Intervarsities to prepare for.

CIT GAA Club Status to Date As the New Year begins, we can reflect back what has been a hectic season for the GAA Club to date. Since October we have had 60 games and countless numbers of training sessions. We also had our GAA Ball in Jury’s hotel and ran a very successful “spot the ball” competition. Overall things have been going well and we look forward with hope to the Championships, which begin in February. Freshers: The Division 1 hurlers finished 2nd to Waterford IT in the league and recorded some fine performances along the way, most notably a comprehensive win over local rivals UCC. They now look forward to their Championship in February. The second Freshers’ team had a mixed season to date. They started well with fine wins over UL, ITT & LIT but found the going difficult against UCC, WIT and MICL. Still the way the other results in the league went they still managed to finish 3rd and so avoid a preliminary championship game. The leading lights in the CIT this year at Freshers’ level has to the Div 1 Fresher Footballers. With wins over UCC, UL, ITT & WIT they topped their group and as a result get a bye into All Ireland quarter final. Close on their heels are the 2nd team who despite getting off to a bad start, loosing to UCC, quickly got back on their feet and finished joint second in their group. They must play UL in a playoff game to determine their championship seeding. Having already beaten Limerick they’ll be confident in getting a successful result.


Intermediate: For the first time in 5 years, the intermediate hurlers failed to qualify for the All Ireland Series. They finished joint 3rd with victories over UL and a draw against UCC but lost out in scoring difference as a result of travelling to LIT with a weakened side. As only four teams go through they join NUIG as those two teams that lost out. The footballers have shared a similar faith, with one exception; they have their Munster Championship to look forward to. They had a poor start to the league but have gathered momentum over the last two games, where they recorded victories over UL and LIT seniors. They now look forward to their championship, the draw for which takes place next week. Juniors: Our junior Hurlers have finished top of their group with comprehensive victories over WIT, UCC and LIT and are through to the National quarter finals in February. With most of the team that lost the All Ireland final available to them again his year, they hope to go that one step further this time round, and with what they’ve shown so far they are more than capable of doing so. The junior footballers on the other hand have to win their last two matches if they have any chance of making the qualifiers. They lost to UCC and CCFE by the narrowest of margins and this leaves them with Wexford Colleges and UL in the New Year. This year we have a third junior team. They are the Ladies Football seconds. They have played three games to date, loosing to UCC and MICL and winning comprehensively against Tipperary Institute. They must play WIT in their League final in the New Year and have also the Munster championship to look forward to. Seniors: The Senior Hurlers have made it through to the League final and as a result get a bye into the quarter finals of the Fitzgibbon. Without the services of many of their “inter county” players, who were tied up with club commitments early on, they recorded good victories over UCC and WIT. Having secured qualification they also drew with the Garda College. They were drawn against NUIG in the National semi final but the Galway lads were unable to play and so CIT went straight into the league final where they were to play UCC. An objection by Galway has meant that the competition now goes on hold until some time in February. It is a pity really as it is quality games that CIT need in order to prepare for the Fitzgibbon π final in mid February. Overall however, they are confident in trying to qualify again this year for the latter stages of this competition, which is to be held in Limerick this year. The senior Footballers also went through their group unbeaten, but 2 draws against ITT and UCC meant they came second in their group and so fail to avoid the preliminary round of the Sigerson. They also have entered the McGrath Cup which they hope will help in the preparation. In senior Camogie the girls have qualified for the Ashbourne competition and now must play UCD to determine whether they play in the Cup or Shield. The event is held in Waterford this year and while they are current All Ireland division 2 league champions, the step up to division 1 has been a difficult one. They are currently lying in the lower regions of the league and while they must play LIT in January, the reality is that senior success in Camogie is probably still a way off. That said however, they plan to give UCD a difficult time of it and hope that if they reached a semi-final, then they would like to cause an upset or two. The Ladies Football senior team must play WIT in the replay of the league quarter final

in Jan after drawing against their rivals in a trilling game in CIT. While they maybe somewhat disappointed with drawing a game, they felt they should have won, they will also relish a second bite off the cherry and another quality game before the O Connor Cup draw. Another game of Importance is the Munster championship, where they face Garda College. A win here would see them play, yes you guessed correctly, WIT in the Semi final. After last years loss to O Connor Cup champions in the final of this competition, they would like to go one stage further this year, but they have a few obstacles to cross before thinking about the final.

Handball Training will begin in earnest in January in St Finbarr’s H&F club every Thursday night. Arrangements will be published in What’s on. The Officers of the CIT GAA Club would like to take this opportunity to wish all its members, supporters and staff every blessing for 2005 and I hope you all had a great Christmas. Thanks again for all your help throughout the year. Keith Ricken GAA Officer CIT.

Rugby - Ladies The ladies rugby club has gotten off to a great start this year with a lot of new members joining. The team trains twice a week and a lot of effort has been put in by the team and coaches. Both captain and vice captain were elected by the girls. Fran and Jane will be looking to lead the team to success this season. Unfortunately our first league game resulted in a loss against a very strong Garda college side. But team spirit and morale remains high as the team gave a good performance, the end result being 7-20. Their next challenge was against our neighbours UCC, which always proves to be a big contest. On the day CIT ran out winners with a score line of 27-10. A lot had been learnt from their first game and CIT were sure not to make the same mistakes twice. And with some more work they will hopefully go onwards and upwards.

Rugby – Mens CIT 52 v University of Limerick 7 Wednesday 3rd November was finally the day that the CIT Rugby club took to the pitch. Many meetings, phone calls, letters, training sessions and off-field developments etc., were now to be put to one side as CIT took to the field against a very highly rated U.L. side (beaten narrowly in last years All Ireland Senior Colleges Final). CIT's mindset was focused and the task made clear on to the pitch they raced in determined mood. The ref blew the whistle, the ball was kicked into them, from there till the end of the first half CIT attacked, tackled and contested every ball. U.L. were rocked and the relentless pressure told leaving CIT 40 points to Nil ahead at half time - tries coming from Michael Essex (Irl U'19), Jim McKessy (Irl Yths), Batt Duggan 2 (Irl Yths), Paul Hurley (Mun U'21) and Andy Finn (Irl U'21). Conversions coming from Colin Mahony 4 (Irl U'19) and Jeremy Manning (NZld Yths). The second half began as the first started and ended, culminating in two fine tries from Batt Duggan and Paul Hurley, one converted by Colin Mahony. This devastating start to the second half led to widespread alterations to both teams culminating in U.L.s best spell of the game, to their credit they never gave up trying and were rewarded at


the death by a try from captain Andy O'Boyle, which he converted himself. With the huge effort being put in by the squad and the selectors and buoyed by the fact that U.L. have never tasted such a defeat by a CIT team, CIT Rugby Club travelled to L.I.T. on the Wednesday 10th of November in very confident mood.

Manning converted to leave it 18-10. Having the eight point gap CIT took their foot off the pedal and by doing so had to withstand a late rally from L.I.T. that resulted in two yellow cards for Cork players and an unconverted try for the Limerick side, who I have no doubt will progress far in this tournament and who we may have to meet again. Final score CIT 18, L.I.T. 15

CIT 18 v L.I.T. 15 History was made by CIT - this is the first season in the club history that the Senior squad has ever beaten both U.L. and L.I.T. in the same campaign

CIT Squad 15: Andy Finn - CS3, 14: Paul Hurley - BS3, 13: Mike Kingsbeer - CT1, 12: Colin Mahony - CS1, 11: John Coughlan - BS2 , 10: Jeremy Manning - CT1, 9: Rory Carroll - BS2, 1: Joe Moynihan - RecLeis1, 2: Batt Duggan - RecLeis1, 3: Jim Mackessy - DCIS2 , 4: James Frahill - Chemistry PostGrad, 5: Paul Farragher - DCIS2, 6: Michael Essex - BS1, 7: Maurice Power - DME3, 8: Tim Ryan (Capt) - BS1

The game started as you would expect when playing a Limerick team in their own backyard, quickly and quite physically the L.I.T. pack took the game to CIT After five minutes L.I.T. were awarded a penalty on the Cork ten metre line, they decided to go for the corner and were rewarded for their decision when there pack took clean possession and drove over for a well deserved try, which they converted. CIT were noticeably rattled and had to withstand constant pressure for the next twenty minutes, but withstand it they did with some incredible tackling. As if consuming the energy that the Limerick lads were exhausting in their efforts to pull away, Cork's belief grew and suddenly they upped a gear. Taking the game by the scruff of its neck the experienced players, Andy Finn, Tim Ryan, Michael Essex, Jeremy Manning, Maurice Power, all started to impose themselves on the opposition. The pressure told when L.I.T. had a player sin-binned for repeated killing of the ball. Five minutes later CIT made the numbers count by swiftly moving the ball wide and sending Paul Hurley over for a fantastic try in the corner. Unfortunately Colin Manning narrowly missed the conversion leaving CIT two behind. L.I.T. seemed to be lifted by the missed conversion and immediately came on the offensive from the restart, resulting in another penalty mid way between the Cork twenty-two and the ten metre line; they opted to kick and subsequently dissected the posts. Half time CIT 5, L.I.T. 10 Second half started again with an all out attack by L.I.T., however Cork were now into the game and defended with great venom repelling all that Limerick could throw at them. Having thrown the kitchen sink at Cork and not getting any reward L.I.T. began to lose discipline resulting in two more yellow cards for their players. CIT now began to believe that the game was theirs for the taking and attacked L.I.T. with everything they had. L.I.T. to their credit defended well and it wasn't until ten minutes to go that Tim Ryan (Capt.) received a sublime pass from Mike Kingsbeer, brushed aside two tacklers and went in for the crucial try of the match. Jeremy Manning converted leaving the score 15-10. Cork, knowing that L.I.T. would not submit, launched more attacks and with five minutes to go were awarded a penalty on the twenty-two, which Jeremy

Subs: Darragh Hurley (for Joe Moynihan on 65 minutes), Willy McCarthy - Mets2, Joe Donovan - DSE3, Anthony Cronin - DLX3, Ruari Geary - Mets3, Johnaton Shortt, Mills IAT2

Ladies Basketball So far this year, the ladies basketball team have played several matches, all of which have ended in tight results. They first played away to IT Tralee. The team got off to a great start and held the home side with their responsive scoring throughout the first and second quarters. Unfortunately as the game drew to an end Tralee pulled away to an 8 point victory. Their second match was played away to UCC in the Maradyke Arena. The girls fought bravely to keep within two points of the UCC team but as the final few minutes ticked away the level score between teams grew by four points in favour of the home team The third match was played at home to IT Tralee. The away team registered the first score of the match and the CIT team were left to chase the Kerry side. With a fighting spirit and a hunger for victory the ladies team fought hard and gave their supporters a nail biting finish. When the final whistle went the girls had secured their first victory by beating Tralee by four points. CIT also had good victories over Waterford, Carlow and CSN. The CIT team are looking forward to continuing their good run of form in 2005. To Submit your Clubs Results, Photos or News, please contact either Emma Martin or Philip O’Reilly in the Students’ Union Office. susec@cit.ie or philip@cit.ie

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Kim’s Cookery Corner “...the pursuit of thinness often leads to the fad diet approach - usually ineffective and dangerous...” This month’s recipe: Chicken in Sweet and Sour Sauce Low in fat but high in nutrients!!

• •

Serves 2-3 4 Chicken joints 1 pepper- seeded and chopped 1 onion – sliced Can of pineapple pieces drained 1 tablespoon soy sauce 8oz can tomatoes 1⁄4 pint water Pinch of salt

Cooking Instructions:

• [Tesco chicken thighs 4 pk €1.99] [loose peppers €1.00] [loose onions €0.32] [Sunny South pineapple pieces €0.95] [Amoy light Soy Sauce 150ml €1.28] [Shamrock chopped tomatoes €0.67]

Cook chicken joints in casserole dish in preheated oven at 190 C / Gas mark 5 for 15 minutes. Place remaining ingredients in a pan and bring to the boil while stirring. Cover and simmer for 20 minutes. Pour the sauce over the chicken and return to the oven for a further 30 minutes or until chicken is tender, basting occasionally with the sauce. Serve with brown rice and green salad.

Pressure to be thin is closely linked to pressure to fit in and be accepted by peers. For young women, the pursuit of thinness often leads to the fad diet approach - usually ineffective and dangerous. This eliminates many essential nutrients from the diet. Young people who are truly overweight need a sensible long-term approach to weight management and exercise and it is best consulting a dietician or nutritionist.



/january2005