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CIT Students’ Union Magazine Volume Nine - Issue Four

World Class Awards

Christmas Photos

expliCIT editorial “...Exams are now only around the corner. Hopefully, everyone is off to a good start and a bit of study has been done by now...”

CIT Students’ Union Rossa Ave, Bishopstown Cork, Ireland. Telephone: 021 493 3120 Fax: 021 454 5343 Email:

expliCIT Staff Editor - John Lane Design & Advertising - Philip O’Reilly Contributions John Lane Des Walsh Mick O’Mahony Dr. Margaret O’Keeffe John Grant

Séan F O’Leary Caitríona Foley Ken Allen S McCarthy CIT Societies

CIT Students’ Union President - Brian O’Sullivan ( Vice President Education - John Grant ( Vice President Welfare - Caitríona Foley ( Entertainments Officer - Eoin McInerney ( Projects Officer - Gearóid Buckley ( Communications Officer - John Lane ( Print Barnaville Print & Graphics LTD Freshford, Kilkenny. Advertising Opportunities CIT has almost 17,000 full and part-time students with over 1,500 staff. Why not use expliCIT to promote your business to this large audience? Copy deadlines, advertising rates and technical specifications are available from our website or upon request from the Publications Office. expliCIT magazine is published monthly by CIT Students’ Union. The views expressed in the magazine are those of their authors and are not necessarily those of CIT Students’ Union. All articles and pictures are the property of their respective owners and should not be reproduced without their permission.

We Need You! If you would like to contribute to expliCIT please contact Philip in the Publications Office, 1st Floor, Student Centre or email:

Hi All Christmas is a very stressful time of year for many people, so this year I am going to, and I urge others to try this too, be a little nicer to people and take a minute or two just to listen to what people are actually trying to say. Simple steps can mean the world to some people, and it is the season of goodwill and charity after all. Exams are now only around the corner. Hopefully, everyone is off to a good start and a bit of study has been done by now. Although these exams are important for everyone, I’d like to wish the 1st years in particular the best of luck due to M&S. I would also like to say enjoy your month off in January while the rest of us are back here toiling away. For anyone panicking, call up the Students’ Union Office or the Careers and Counselling Office for a little advice on exams – it can’t hurt. Remember as well to wrap up over the next few months. I was out a few nights and I really don’t think some people realise that it is now winter! There is a pharmacy around the corner from my house and I was talking to a girl working there recently and she told me that business is booming with students coming in for simple medicines like paracetemol, lemsips and cough bottles –nobody wants to be sick during the exams. Aside from that, the college itself will be winding down in the next week or so and I would encourage everyone to have a few relaxing days over Christmas, or ‘pyjama days’ as I’ve heard it being called by all the girls! Don’t work too hard over Christmas, take time for yourself and come back refreshed. Happy Christmas to you all, have a fantastic New Year, and best of luck with the exams. See you all in the New Year, John L

The Cork Stop Sex Trafficking Campaign “...over 300 unaccompanied children arriving in Ireland have gone missing and of which many are feared to have to fallen victim to traffickers...” Sexual trafficking is the movement of human beings for sexual exploitation. It involves the recruitment and transportation of persons by means of threats, coercion, deception or the abuse of power. Sex trafficking is defined in international law by the United Nations Protocol to prevent, suppress and punish trafficking in persons especially women and children (2000) commonly known as the Palermo Protocol. Cork in particular has been identified as a popular transit region for traffickers and evidence from service providers suggest that the sex trade is thriving. Worryingly, over 300 unaccompanied children arriving in Ireland have gone missing and of which many are feared to have to fallen victim to traffickers. In June 2006, University College Cork hosted a conference to highlight the issue of sex trafficking. The Conference was widely attended by service providers, voluntary and community organizations, academics, religious and others. As a result of the issues raised at the conference the Cork Stop Sex Trafficking Campaign was initiated. The Campaign has been actively supported by the CIT Students’ Union. On a personal note, I am extremely proud to teach in an institute of higher education wherein the student representative body demonstrates a clear commitment to social justice issues such as the Stop Sex Trafficking Campaign. As before, we will use the 16 days of Action against Gender Violence (November 25th to December 10th 2007) to highlight the issue of Sex Trafficking across Cork City and its environs. For more information on how to get involved in the Campaign please contact Mary Crilly, (021) 4505577 or Dr. Margaret O’Keeffe CIT Department of Education Development (DEIS)

CIT Student Patrick Doran Wins the World Skills Plastering in Japan “...Over four days of competition with over 800 competitors drawn from 62 member countries/regions tested themselves against tough international standards in 47 key skills and technologies...”

Liam Corcoran vice president technical affairs world skills executive board presenting Patrick with the Best of the Nation Gold Medal Award Patrick attended Cork Institute of Technology to compete his phase 6 in plastering in December 2006. On receiving excellent results Patrick was invited by his lecturer Mr. Tomas Reidy to compete in the National Skills competition in plastering. The preliminary competition was held in CIT in December 2006. The National final in March 2007 was a great success, again held in CIT., where Patrick was the overall winner; second and third place candidates were also Cork Institute of Technology students. Patrick Doran has had an interest in plastering since he was at National School, and working in the family business in Ferns, Co Wexford. He was delighted to get the chance to represent his company, county and country. Patrick is a dedicated Manchester United fan, whose hobbies also include golf and hurling. On making the Irish team for Japan, Patrick undertook intensive training at the FAS training centre in Waterford under the guidance of Mr. Joe Clarke for a period of twenty weeks. Patrick also trained in at the Cork Institute of Technology

with Mr. Tomas Reidy for one week. The team worked together during the summer to ensure Patrick received the best training so as to achieve the maximum result possible. The 39th World Skills Competition was held in Numazu City, Shizuoka Prefecture from 14-21 November. Over four days of competition with over 800 competitors drawn from 62 member countries/regions tested themselves against tough international standards in 47 key skills and technologies. In the plastering competition competitors from the following countries were involved: France Switzerland, Japan, Republic of Korea, Chinese Taipei and Ireland. Patrick worked over a four day period to compete various tasks from dry construction, running decorative mould work on bench as well as skimming, planting decorative Cornice, Dado rail and Skirting mouldings. Patrick successfully competed and deservedly won the gold medal in plastering. Patrick also won the ‘Best of the Nation’ gold medal award for being the highest ranked medalist for Ireland.

LEFT PICTURE: After the award ceremony left to right Joe Clarke wearing best of the nation gold medal, Patrick Doran center and Tomás Reidy wearing the gold winner’s medal for plastering. RIGHT PICTURE: Left to right Tomás Reidy, Patrick Doran competitor and Joe Clarke expert taken after the competition ended in Japan.

Experience the New Student ID Cards News

In Brief

as is, safe in the knowledge that it is secure. No one, but our class and our lecturers have access to the room. Before we moved into our new area, we were resident in one of the prefabs towards the front of the college, often the door would be locked on the weekends, now that we have moved to our new lab and have the new cards, we can come and go as we please, as long as it is within college opening hours.

We (4th year Visual Communications) apparently are the first bunch of students to be able to use the new student cards. As Fourth year students we have a lab and area for our use. (you may have seen us we're in the new lab at the front of B block.) Our course is practical based and sometimes our projects require us to stay late in the evenings or come in on the weekends, and the benefits of the new students cards are being noticed. As we inhabit our own space we often leave our projects, equipment and personal stuff lying about. If we go for a bite to eat we can leave all our stuff

There are also rumors of the cards being put to greater use across the college, with cashless payment in the canteen, similar to the payment in Tesco, I presume, hopefully speeding up the cues around the busy periods. Aidan McDonald, IT Project manager, who set the system up, said “This proximity card allows many potential advanced applications to be run from the card. In the new year, we hope to have point-of-sales application running, similar to your mobile phone, you will top your card up with cash, and then use this to pay for food in the canteen and shop, pay for photocopying and printing services, all hopefully at a discount." Although the college is only in the primary stages of getting this card system up and running, the benefits, however small have been noticed. S McCarthy

First Place Award for ApriCot Team Cork Institute of Technology ApriCot Team Project “Therapeutic Sleeping Aid for Infants”are outright winners of the €10,000 first place award in the Ulster Bank Enterprise Ireland/Invest Northern Ireland Young Entrepreneur of the Year 2007 Competition and the €5,000 first place Award in the Cruickshank Most Technologically Innovative Project 2007 Competition. This is the first time in the 25 year history of this prestigious islandwide innovation competition (132 entries in 2007 at PhD, Masters and Undergraduate Team levels) that the top two awards have been won by one project and team. The launch of the 2008 Enterprise Ireland Student Enterprise Awards took place on Wednesday 21st November, in the august surroundings of Farmleigh House, Phoenix Park, Dublin. Minister for Enterprise, Trade and Employment Mr. Micheál Martin T.D. announced details of the €65,000 prize fund and competition. The audience of journalists, entrepreneurs and academics were also addressed by Mr. Frank Ryan, Chief Executive Officer, Enterprise Ireland

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and Mr. Jay Bourke, Enterprise Ireland Innovation Ambassador. The CIT ApriCot team, outright winners of the 2007 competition from hundreds of entries islandwide, were lauded at length and took centre stage right throughout the proceedings. An extensive photo shoot, focussing on the ApriCot team, took place with the backdrop of the internal splendour, imposing façade and extensive grounds of the ancestral home of the Guinness family. A major campaign to promote the 2008 competition is to be undertaken by Enterprise Ireland over the coming months. The ApriCot team have pledged all possible support to this promotion of innovation and entrepreneurship. The ApriCot team comprised: Mechanical Engineering Student, John J. Barry Designer and Inventor Accounting and Information Systems Students, Niamh Brady, Orla Houlihan, Regina O’Donoghue - Developers of Business Plan. Sean F. O’Leary

World Record Power at CIT Electrical Department An Electrical apprentice currently attending Phase 4 apprenticeship training at Cork Institute of Technology, has achieved fantastic success by winning a Gold Medal and also setting a new World Record and three European Records for Powerlifting at the World Championships held recently in Calgary, Canada. This is Petra Stumpfova’s second success having previously won a world title in 2006 in Ireland. Petra works for O’Sheas Electrical and is also sponsored by O’Sheas Electrical. She is the first woman ever in Ireland to win TWO World Championships in two federations. Congratulations to Petra and continued success in your powerlifting from your lecturers at CIT. Mr Don O'Riordan, (Lecturer) Dept. of Electrical & Electronic Engineering,

National Success for CIT Design Communications Student Gerard Casey 3rd year BA Design Communications, won second place in the prestigious GDBA (Graphic Design Business Association) Student IDEA Award, in November. There were a large number of entries for this competition from many colleges all around the country, such as LIT, DIT and NCAD. IDEA has become the premier design award scheme in Ireland, growing from a relatively small event to a major calendar date for the design sector. The student section of the competition is two years old. CIT won first place in this event last year and with a second place winner this year, it is clear that CIT that there is a high level of creative talent in the Department of Media Communications.

CIT Students’ Union President Christmas day has come and gone. For most it was a day to remember but for others a day to forget.

ning out in front of oncoming cars was mind boggling. The risk to students’ safety is too high and from the perspective of an organisation that looks out for students every day of the week, the current format is an unacceptable risk.

It all started off with a sumptuous dinner provided by those kind people in the canteen followed by some good entertainment as you enjoyed your meal. Santa arrived and had sweets for pretty much everyone. A day one would say that was perfect…until 5000 people decided to descend on the local bars and houses to have a few drinks.

While the SU only organise the college based events on the day, we still have to pick up the pieces if anything goes wrong outside the college grounds. We have at almost every Union Council meeting and in every recent edition of expliCIT reminded students of the importance of safe drinking and looking out for friends – advice that was, for many of you, completely disregarded.

Even though this has been the case in other years and has not resulted in any adverse results, this year certain individuals were hell bent on creating havoc in Bishopstown. I have had more complaints than I would like to count from concerned residents who in some cases feared for their safety. I have been given reports of individuals walking along the middle of the road, indecent exposure in public, fighting, throwing rubbish into resident’s garden and even breaking windows. This is completely unacceptable and for my part it was indefensible behaviour when I had to talk to concerned residents. For all those who created this mayhem you should be ashamed of yourselves. I found myself apologising for students conduct to every caller and I am now under a lot of pressure from the local residents and the Institute to discontinue this event. We as a SU have discussed our options and with the best interest of student welfare in mind we have no choice but to either cancel next years event or to completely revamp its format.

I hope you gather from my strong words how disappointed I feel regarding the outcome of the day. I have enjoyed many years of Christmas Day’s in CIT but reports from concerned residents, staff and students as well as what I witnessed first hand shocked me. I apologise to all of you who went out and enjoyed your Christmas party sensibly and who for the most part enjoy every aspect of the festivities planned. It is indeed CIT’s Christmas party one which I personally look forward to. It is unfortunate that a small percentage of people have ruined it for everyone else but the only consolation I can take from this, is in the knowledge that the culprits are undoubtedly feeling bad for the events that unfolded. In conclusion and on a lighter note I would like to wish every student of CIT a happy and safe Christmas and also the very best for the New Year. For those of you who are doing exams, I wish you the best of luck and should you need advise on anything we are always available. Regards Brian

On witnessing the chaos first hand at 5.00 pm on the day, I am surprised that nobody was seriously injured or worse. The amount of people I witnessed run-

CIT Students’ Union Vice President Welfare By now a lot of you will have your heads buried in books and notes trying to cram for exams, I want to wish you all the best of luck with them, and at the same time remind you that this is probably one of the most important times of the year for you to take care of yourself both mentally, physically and emotionally. Make sure you’re getting plenty of rest and relaxation in between exams and parties, and don’t forget that something as simple as taking a Vitamin C or Echinacea supplement could make all the difference.

The Medical Centre also gives free flu vaccinations so if you’re like me and very prone to colds and flu at this time of year, it might be worth considering. On the other side of things, try not to stress yourself out too much. When the days get shorter, the weather gets colder and you start to worry about exams and presents, you may end up making a mountain out a molehill. If you feel like you need to have a chat or get a few things off your chest please do make use of one of the many services available to you; whether it be myself, the Careers & Counselling Centre or the chaplaincy, we’re all here to ensure that you, the students, are being looked after properly. That’s all for now, I need to go shopping for gifts! Merry Christmas and a very happy new year, see you in 2008! Caitríona

CIT Students’ Union Vice President Education I hope everybody enjoyed the crazy week of Arts Fest. Congratulations to our Arts Officer Sarah and the Arts Committee who organised a fantastic week with a multitude of events to suit all tastes. Well the autumn term is coming to an end and unfortunately this means exams. If you have any problems or questions please feel free to call into the office for a chat or else check out for some study and exam tips. There is no such thing as a stupid question when it comes to your exams. They are really

important and I wish everyone the best of luck with them. Remember I have a comprehensive list of grinds for those that may need them. The busiest part of the year is over and we have been doing our best to help every student that has come through our doors here in the Union office. Next year will be the start of a lot more hard work on your behalf. That’s why we are here so feel free to call in for anything you may need help with. I hope everyone has a fantastic Christmas Holidays and a Happy New Year. Don’t forget about all those New Year resolutions. See you all next year and take care. Be Good, John

HAVE YOU ELECTED YOUR CLASS REP? For further information, please call into our new SU offices in the Student Centre.

Study Tips Study skills Where to study • Find a quiet place to study and work on assignments. You shouldn’t listen to the radio or TV, as this will only distract you. • Always study in the same place, preferably in a well-lit area and wellventilated area. • Assemble and keep your study supplies to hand. These may include a dictionary, post-its, refill pads, index cards and highlighters. • Keep your study area clean, tidy and well organised. • The library is a great place to study, but it will be really crowded around exam times, so come early to beat the crowd. How to study • Set aside a specific time to do projects/study every night, as this will help establish a routine. • Study in one-hour blocks, and then give yourself 15mins of a break. • Studying in groups can help focus on areas of importance and facilitates access to more information and may afford the opportunity of a better understanding of course content. Learning while you read • Try to actively learn while you read, and think about what you are reading. If the material is hard to understand, stop after a few paragraphs and summarise, either loud or by taking notes. • Don’t follow the text with your fingers, as this also slows you down and can make it harder to understand the material. • Summarise the materials you read in your own words, as this will help you remember the content when you are revising the notes later on. • Memorise diagrams or illustrations that accompany the text to help you understand and remember the material. • Before you begin a case study assignment, look at the questions, and you will then be able to focus on finding the answer as you read. The Index Card Method This is a method for helping to commit material to memory. This method is especially useful when revising for an exam. Review your notes and readings frequently, so the material is "fresh", as you're reading your text or reviewing your notes, generate and write down questions about the material. Write each question on the back of an index card and on the front write an answer for the question. Shuffle the index cards (so you can't figure out any answers based on their location in the deck). Look at the card on the top of the deck and try to answer the question. If you know it, great! Put it on the bottom of the deck. If you don't know it, look at the answer, and put it a few cards down in the deck (so you'll come back to it soon). Proceed through the deck of cards until you know all of the questions

Recall: • After studying the unit, stop and put what you have learned into your own words Digest: • Go back to what you did not understand and reconsider the information; • Contact external expert sources (e.g., other books or an instructor) if you still cannot understand it Expand: In this step, ask three kinds of questions concerning the studied material: • If I could speak to the author, what questions would I ask or what criticism would I offer? • How could I apply this material to what I am interested in? • How could I make this information interesting and understandable to other students? Review: • Go over the material you've covered, • Review what strategies helped you understand and/or retain information in the past and apply these to your current studies

Exam Time Pre-Exam • Be aware of examination regulations. • Examinations often follow the same format as the year before. Exam papers are available on-line from The library also has hard copies of past exam papers. • A healthy diet and exercise will help you to concentrate around exam time. • Eat a good breakfast and get a good night sleep before an exam. During The Exam • Read directions carefully. • Listen to the directions given by the examiner. • Divide time out evenly between all questions. • Change answers only if you are certain they are wrong. • If you don’t know the answers guess it. (As long as negative marking is not being used). • Use all the time allowed; check over answers and re-read directions if you have spare time. • Look for answers within the test; sometimes one question will include the answer to another. Post Exam A result of 40% is the minimum requirement to progress from higher Certificate to ordinary degree and a result of 50% from ordinary degree higher to Degree. Other requirements may apply depending on the course.

The M.U.R.D.E.R method Mood: • Set a positive mood for you to study in. • Select the appropriate time, environment, and attitude Understand: • Mark any information you don't understand in a particular unit; • Keep a focus on one unit or a manageable group of exercises

If you want to appeal a result of a final examination, do it straight away. The appeals deadline is usually 10 working days after you get your results. If you fail the final exams and pass in the autumn you will usually be accorded a pass result regardless of marks achieved. If there are extenuating circumstances during the final exams or academic year, inform your department immediately so these may be taken in to account (e.g.: illness)

Party Time: Fine Gael / Young Fine Gael Political Ideology • Centrism • Christian Democratic Political Views • Pro-EU integration. • Opposed to the "rip-off" society in Ireland today. • Tough on law & order.

Progressive Democrats / Young Progressive Democrats Political Ideology • Liberalism Political Views • Pro-business and support a low tax economy. • The privatization of semi-state bodies. • Opposed to same sex marriages despite being a “liberal” party”.

Sinn Féin / Ógra Shinn Féin Political Ideology • Democratic Socialism • Irish Republicanism

Be Active and Involved with Politics Where do the youth of the country stand when it comes to politics? It may be a question you find yourself asking when you see a politically orientated function or event organized on campus this year.

other 3rd level institutions, why this is when, to use the words of André Gorz “every society is divided in two by a central conflict, and no one can avoid being part of that conflict” is beyond me.

The answer in effect is that politics play a huge role in everybody’s everyday lives, no matter what age they are or what outlook they have. A common misconception among many students is that politics is a purely adult concept associated with men in suits who spend more money on make-up than they know what to do with. In reality however politics is much more closer to home than that.

The spoken of ‘conflict’ is anything deemed arguable in a social, ethical or political context. Take for example the proposal to make the legal drinking age in Ireland 21 years of age. For it? Against it? Well when your sitting back complaining about the outcome, you can remember you had a chance to influence the result. It is a safe assessment to say that everyone at some point has a vested interest in politics.

Students may feel that they cannot effect change in the way our country is run or cannot contribute to pressing issues, but I can only wonder where that stigma comes from when so little of them try? Traditionally students lead the way in social reform and initiated change in many ways of life, why now in the 21st century is that apparently different? Well in effect it’s not, we are just not as politically aware and dare I is say, lazy. The recent announcement that Institute of Technology graduates will be eligible to vote in the next Seanad elections is a welcome token of appreciation of the work of the students and staff of IT’s, despite the fact it has taken nearly 30 years of lobbying to achieve, it may be a small but significant stepping stone to improving political awareness among students. Institute of Technology graduates who are Irish citizens now join a select group eligible to vote in all elections in Ireland. On campus here in CIT, all the main political parties of Ireland are represented and unfortunately membership of the respective parties on campus is low in comparison to

Joining a party isn’t essentially difficult nor is it laborious. It doesn’t require much of your time, maybe an hour or two a month, yet the rewards are certainly fulfilling, meeting new people, learning new skills, perhaps discovering new things but most of all, the chance to make a difference. CIT’s Political Society meets fortnightly to discuss politics in the Institute, anyone interested in politics should pop along to meet their prospective parties representatives or simply if they are interested in politics and debating. The following political parties are represented in CIT and anyone interested in joining is more than welcome to do so: • Fianna Fáil • Green Party • Fine Gael • Progressive Democrats • Sinn Féin

Political Views • The establishment of a sovereign and independent 32 county Irish Republic. • Completely opposed to the privatisation of semi-state bodies and the health service. • Committed to equality and justice for workers and all members of Irish society.

Fianna Fáil / Ógra Fianna Fáil Political Ideology • Centrism • Populism Political Views • Focus heavily on issues regarding the elderly, (pensions etc.). • Wish to organize formally on a 32 county basis within 12 months. • The re-introduction of university /college fees.

Green Party / Young Greens Political Ideology • Green Politics Political Views • Advocate energy efficiancy for Ireland and a shift from fossil fuels to renewable energy. • Opposed to nuclear power for Ireland. • Decentralization of certain powers from the Oireachtas to local governments.

Yo u r Pic! Photo of social care students who found their ‘ideal man’ in Denmark!

Winners Best Course Based Society 2007

Christmas Greetings from Mechanical Engineering Soc I would like to start by thanking all the students and lecturers who participated in our events which took place in and around the Institute so far this year. Also a special thanks to Dan Collins who held a CV work shop in November. As you all know, Mechanical Engineering is one of the most intense courses within CIT and this is where the Society comes into play by giving you the students a chance to leave the hair down and close the books by organising fun events such as Karting, Ice Skating and many others. This year so far we have had great success in doing so. Our first event was the Mech Eng Grand Prix which is always a great success, we had 20 teams of two battling it out for a position on the Podium with two freshers coming first. Late October, we held a charity soccer match against the lecturers which raised €220 which was subsequently donated to various charities - unfortunately we could not beat the lecturers’ solid defence and lost 2-1. Mid November, We ran a CV workshop which was quite helpful for us final year students who are trying to find employment in the working world, afterwards over 50 members of the Society went down to Supernova for some ice-skating and a bit of

food. Even though a lot of people were like Bambi trying to take his first step, a great day was had by all with prizes for the best fall and a raffle after the food. Late November, the Mech Eng Soc did a 24hr Fast for Concern along with some of the dedicated CIT staff. Not all the money is in yet so we are not sure how much was raised just yet. Just in case you are wondering, paint balling and other events will take place after Christmas, and to let you know The Mech Eng and Schemers ball will take place on 20th Feb and we look forward to seeing you there. We all know that by now you are all off drink and studying away for the Christmas and semesterised exams so we have decided to reward you all with a fun filled end of term party on the 21st of December. Details will be displayed on our new notice board located on the second floor corridor of A Block next to the Post Graduate room. Anyway from everyone in the Soc good luck with all the exams and don’t hesitate to stop and ask us about any events that you would like to see us run or any general queries you have. Happy Christmas and have a happy new year. Ken Allen Vice Chair/PRO

Carol O’Mahony, from Clogheen, Aine McCarthy, from Crookstown, Jennifer Healy, from Bishopstown and Emma O’Driscoll, from Macroom. This group undertook a 12 week placement in social care centres, funded under the LEONARDO programme in Copenhagen in Denmark from March-June 2007.

CIT Learning Support Centre The Learning Support Centre is now providing subject support sessions in Maths, Programming, Physics and Electronics for students on a weekly basis throughout the academic year. Students are encouraged to walk-in at the designated times, should they wish to discuss a difficulty with a subject, or if they have a query in a subject. These support sessions are free and open to students across all courses. Students can contact the Centre for advice and for more information on sessions to suit their individual needs. The Learning Support Centre Semester Timetable Subject Sessions beginning Tuesday Oct 2nd 2007 Room D259 10am-2pm Tel (021) 4326378

Subject Maths Programming Maths Electronics

Day Monday Monday Tuesday Tuesday

Room D259 D259 D259 D259

Electronics Physics Maths

Wednesday Wednesday Thursday

D259 D259 D259

Time 1-2pm 12-2pm 5-6pm 12.301.30pm 12-1pm 1-2pm 1-2pm

Lecturer 0U/HQ 2¶+DQORQ Ms. Mary Davin Mr. /HQ2¶+DQORQ Mr. Matt Cranitch Mr. Paddy Collins Ms. Eleanor Baldwin Ms. Hannah Lordan


FREE PHONE 1800 201 365 TEL: (021) 4505933 (BETWEEN 9AM-4PM) OR E-MAIL:

Happy Christmas from CITSU Best of luck with your Christmas Exams and hope you have a great holiday season!

Send us Your College Party Photos for expliCIT Hand them into the SU Office in the Students Centre in an envelope with details of your class, the event in the photo and contact details to return the photos. You can also email them to but please ensure that each photo is as large file size as possible and that the shot is up close and good!

See more pictures online at

Console Wars 2007 Playstation 3 (PS3) Price:

€449.99 upwards

Specification: PLAYSTATION®3 is a state-of-the-art BD (Blue-ray disc) player, so watching high definition, interactive movies at home is now a reality. True 1080p high definition support provides unbeatable picture quality- visuals are flawlessly crisp and clear. Motion-sensitive wireless controllers and an intuitive control system allow anyone to participate and enjoy. - Built-in storage space for your movies, music, games and downloads - keep all your files in one fully customisable place. Games: All the major titles are on board, developing a vast array of games in the not so distant future Advantages: The Playstation brand, the only console to be compatible with Blu-Ray technology, and the guarantee that it will have more games than any other console in the near future, and GTA. Disadvantages: Price, and you really need a High Definition TV for your investment to really be worth its money

Xbox 360 Price:

€299.99 upwards

Specification: The Xbox 360 was designed specifically for gaming but the hard drive is also capable of storing lots of multimedia from music to pictures to movies. Its resolution and clarity are on par with the ps3, with its internal processor being marginally slower. It has a 500 MHz graphics processor, accompanied by a 16 gigasamples per second pixel fill rate. The CPU has 3 symmetrical cores running at 3.2 GHz each. Games: The Xbox has more games currently than the other two consoles. Microsoft has promised that it will not be outdone by Sony in terms of the number of games available. A hard promise to keep but very possible. Advantages: The price is very affordable and bundle packages are also quite tempting, the huge number of high profile games available to Xbox exclusively like Halo3, customizable faceplates



Xbox 360



Disadvantages: No Blu-Ray technology, all the buttons on the controllers can put new-comers off, it’s a relatively new brand for gaming purposes.

Nintendo Wii Price:


Specification: The Look: Approximately the size of three stacked DVD cases, Wii's elegant design makes it an inviting addition to your entertainment setup without monopolizing it. Controls: The wireless, freehand Wii Remote not only makes games easy to play, it makes them more fun than ever before. Communication: Wii can communicate with the Internet even when the power is turned off. This WiiConnect24 service delivers a new surprise or game update, even if users do not play with Wii. Memory: Wii boasts 512 megabytes of internal flash memory, two USB 2.0 ports and built-in Wi-Fi capability. Games: All games are unique to the Nintendo Wii. The interactive game play is revolutionary and incredibly enjoyable (even if you do look stupid). A lot of the major games companies are getting in on this new trend, including EA. Tiger Woods Golf is fantastically realistic, and it’s the first console that makes you break a sweat while playing. Wii Sports is a must have! Advantages: There is no other console like this out presently, being active during game play is awesome, the price is quite good, it wont be forgotten about as easily as you’d like, you can play anyone else with a Wii at any time without additional hardware, great at a party. Disadvantages: The graphics are very basic, you can’t play it as well when you are sick and/or tired, limited number of games at present, can get very complicated, you can injure yourself and/or others, cannot hold a conversation while playing as a lot of concentration is required at times.

Verdict: This is a very hard one to call. This year is the first year that the PS3 is affordable, but the Wii is just so much fun, but whether it has the life-span of the playstation is questionable. The Xbox is the middle of the road console – high spec, a lot of games, fun… But I want a PS3!! Enjoy Christmas and I hope I have helped make someones Christmas slightly more enjoyable. John L

The Management & Staff of the Rochestown Park Hotel would like to wish all CIT students and staff a Merry Christmas and a Happy New Year. Thank you for once again making us your Number 1 Ball Venue for 2007

Route 66 It all started in Chicago also known as The Windy City, we arrived at night so went straight to a hotel where we dropped the bags, got some drink and headed out on our first night of adventures. As most of us do we decided to head to the nearest Irish bar “Fado” where the drink is expensive and not an Irish bar man in sight. This is where we planned to find out what the ‘craic is like’ and where it is at, mind you it’s not a question you ask an American “What’s the craic like”… it’s not something they take kindly to. Well to cut a long story short we found a club and not too long after we found ourselves back in the hotel bar drinking and singing to our hearts content. The next day we moved to the HI Chicago hostel which was rated the best around this is where we stayed for the next few days while we tried to get our hands on some type of vehicle to transport seven Irish lads on our long awaited journey across Route 66. Unfortunately due to having no Social Security number we couldn’t get insured on the Limo which we had originally planned to get, but had to rent an eight seater family wagon called Joey. $3,900 for four weeks might have seemed expensive but nearly 4,000 miles of break down free, air conditioned driving made it all worth it. Another item which turned out to be essential was sat. nav. which we bought in Radio Shack for $280. We set off that evening on our way to a place called Pontiac not too far from Chicago. It took us no longer than four hours but we arrived there in one piece, our first part of the open road had come to an end. To be honest it wasn’t what I had pictured it to be, in fact a lot of 66 ran parallel to the new Interstate 40. We arrived at about ten pm and decided to check into a cheap motel we found on the sat nav, which had a bar straight across the road of course. We got showered and went across to find that the bar was almost dormant with a liquor/ food market at the front. It had a pool table and a Juke box so we were happy, by the end of the night the whole bar, being a total of six people were gathered round with a guitar playing everything from Red Hot Chilies to Jonny Cash. A great night had by all. From here we went on to a college town called Bloomington, we stayed in a fancy B&B just a two minute walk from the town centre ie. The Bars. This was a lively spot, kind of like Cork with the streets mobbed with people after the clubs finished in an attempt to find a party. As you can imagine it’s not hard for an Irish person to find a party in America as we did….. We Stayed in Bloomington for a night before heading for our first state crossing into Missouri; this entailed crossing the Missippi River in St. Louis the home of world famous rappers such as Nelly. I must admit it was a good spot with plenty to do such as go to the top of the Gateway Arch located on the banks of the Mississippi River, the 630-foot tall stainless steel arch rises above the city skyline which makes for quite a nice view of the city. The only down side was the drive by shootings not too far from us which happened on a weekly basis. We stayed here for three nights in a city centre hotel with a full view of the arch. Hotel rates were pretty reasonable when seven people were sharing a double room, about $240 per night at most. One of the good things about America is the hotels are per room and they usually supply roll out beds with some hotels charging a max of $10 dollars a night (which wasn’t bad even though some of us slept on a concrete floor). On the Second day we headed about 20 miles out to Six Flags. Six Flags is a chain of top quality theme park’s spread across America. Usually if you keep your eye open at tourist offices you will pick up a half price voucher which will get you in for about $20, mind you it was the best $20 I’ve ever spent. Some of the world’s biggest and best roller coasters are

“...two of the lads caught baseballs in the space of ten minutes. The Americans said it was definitely the luck of the Irish...” Ken Allen

located at Six Flag’s, just look up the Guinness Book of Records. From St. Louis we set off to Springfield, home of the Simpson’s. About 60 miles outside St. Louis we stopped at the Meramec Cavern’s, for all you Jesse James fan’s you will of heard about his mysterious escape from the Law who had surrounded the caverns. Afterwards it was found that Jesse and his crew swam through a hidden passageway that was discovered a few years later. Another slightly interesting thing was they shot a scene for Lassie here also. Once again we set off for Springfield it was about a further four hour drive and we stayed there for only one night, but what a night we had. Springfield was a lively spot full of college students so the atmosphere was pretty good. Not much to tell about the place as we didn’t stay for long but it was worth the stop. After Springfield we made our second and third state crossing into and out of Kansas, Kansas takes up a total of 13.2 mile’s of 66. Kansas really stood out to me and reminded me of the cartoon cars, there were rundown vintage pick ups at the side of the road and old petrol stations everywhere. We only stopped to fill up the car and headed into Oklahoma where there were oil fields everywhere, a true sign we were not too far from Texas. We drove straight to Oklahoma City where the Bombing Disaster of 1995 took place. The site of the bombing is now a memorial park and museum and is quite a beautiful spot considering what happened there twelve. There is a dreary silence in the park that sent shivers up my spine. On a happier note Oklahoma was a pretty nice spot, we stayed in a hotel in an area called Bricktown, and by coincidence this is also where all the clubs and pubs were located. This is where we all went to our fist baseball game and what a game it was, the atmosphere was more exhilarating than any event I’ve been to before. After every inning there were hotdogs and t-shirts launched into the crowd and there were cheerleaders and mascots dancing throughout the game. Two of the lads caught baseballs in the space of ten minutes the Americans said “it was definitely the luck of the Irish”. We stayed in Oklahoma for three nights in total and then headed for Texas the home of the Americas finest women and cowboys (who still think they are in the Wild West). As I mentioned above there were oil and gas fields everywhere, there were cattle ranches the size of Cork City every 50 or so miles. There were signs everywhere for a 72oz. steak challenge… if you eat it you don’t pay for it, trust me when I say it would feed an army. We arrived in a place called Amarillo, yes Tony Christie we found Amarillo. I must admit this was one of the best spots on the whole trip. We went offroading at night with a local guy called Brett who had no fear in the world; he brought us up and down slopes that made Patrick’s hill look flat. There were jeeps everywhere going up, down, left and right and it was absolutely out of this world. He introduced us to other mad men who were determined to impress us, as they all seemed to have some blood connection to Ireland but to be fair Brett had the most screws loose by far. This was the way they spent their weekends and no better way to spend them, it was definitely the highlight of my whole summer. The night life here was excellent as well, we went to a rodeo night club where they had step dancing in one room and R&B in another and as I said before the talent was great. We also decided to compare American paintballing to good old Irish paintballing so off we went in our shorts and t-shirts expecting to get full overalls, we were not long finding out that shorts and t-shirts would have to do and I still have the scars to prove it.

We then set back on the road to head to New Mexico. We drove as far as a little skiing town called Santa Fe and no there was no snow in fact as we arrived there was a lightning storm and a few inches of rain fell in a couple of hours. It was a quiet spot, one of the only places that we took it easy in. It was here where we decided to go off the route for a while and head to a Navajo Nation and a place called monument valley. For those of you who never heard of Navajo they are the largest tribe of North American Indians and the Navajo Nation extends in the states of Utah, New Mexico and Arizona and covers over 27,000 square miles of unparalleled beauty. Unknown to many the Navajo language was used in WW2 as code to help beat the Japanese, Navajo men were chosen to create codes and serve on the front line to overcome and deceive those on the other side of the battlefield. Anyway enough of the history lesson, we went to a town called Kayenta Just 20 minutes from Monument Valley. When we got there we lost coverage on our phones and there was no accommodation to be found as all the hotels were booked solid. We were stranded but luckily the GPS sent us to a B&B who in turn put us in contact with an Indian friend with a few spare beds. This was the most interesting stay we had as we got the history of the Navajo people and their traditions over breakfast. After breakfast we headed off to Utah where monument valley is located. It was a pretty spectacular site, exactly emulating images from the old Westerns, there were twenty miles of dust tracks that went around the whole area - the poor car got an awful doing. We stayed there for about three hours or so before rejoining good old 66 in Arizona. We were headed to a place called Flagstaff not too far from the Grand Canyon. Flagstaff once again was a college town full of students and student bars. We decided to find the best spot to go to and then got the accommadation as near as possible, luckily we found a club with 10 cent beers and dollar vodkas with a hotel next door quiet convenient if I do say myself. We only stayed here for a night before standing on a Corner in Winslow Arizona… I’ll have to contradict The Eagles and say was not a fine sight to see. We left as fast as we arrived and set off for the Grand Canyon, I never realised how big it was until I saw it first hand. It is 1,904 miles square and 277 miles long with a depth of 6,000 vertical feet and a width of 18 miles in some areas. The thing that astounded me was that there were no safety rails in most areas and there were families with kids everywhere. Definitely a must see in my books. It was from here where we decided to hit Sin City which is located in Nevada, and we timed it that we would arrive at night and get a good look at the dazzling array of illuminescent lights stretched out over Vegas, another benefit of driving in at night was that the whole of the Hoover damn was lit up like a Christmas tree. Anyway when we arrived we got out the good old GPS and started to look up hotels, one of the closest was the MGM and to be fair it had pretty good room rates for twin rooms with double beds. They started at $90 on Wednesday night and only went up to $180 on Saturday night which considering the surroundings, we had no complaints. The Hotel was like a little City with everything from Mc Donald’s to Night Clubs, one of its main attractions was the feeding of the lions which can be seen nearly all day through a massive glass cage. We arrived at about 12.00 am or so and if I remember correctly we got to bed at around the same time the next morning. Not that we knew what time it was as there is no windows and not a clock to be seen in the whole casino. Definitely the best thing about Vegas is that if you gamble in moderation while having a few drinks (which is free while wagering), no matter if you win or loose you usually come out on top due to their high prices at the bars, your talking $11 for a vodka and mixer and about $7 for a bottle of beer. Another great benefit about gambling is that if you play for a certain amount of time you get about $40 off your hotel room. I think seven days and six nights cost a total of $1000 which is pretty good considering the exchange rate at the time. There are a lot of things to do and see in Vegas. I would recommend taking a ride on the roller coaster in New York New York, go to see the water show outside the Belagio, take a spin down the river on the second floor of the Venetian and last but not least go to the top of the Stratosphere and jump on the three amusement rides on the roof preferably by night.

We decided to head straight to San Francisco in California on our last day but two of the lads decided to stay on and meet us in Hollywood a few days later. It took us about six or seven hours but it was worth it. San Francisco was all that it was cracked up to be, the only thing I will say to you is if you are visiting over the summer pre book your trip to Alcatraz because there is a week long waiting list. We took a boat trip around the island and under the Golden gate but it just wasn’t the same thing. At the Pier it is all happening from submarine tours to street acts and is a must see if you visit, especially for fish lovers as it has strings of restaurants selling the freshest of fish. When they say you will see every type of person here, they are right. San Fran is a major and diverse international center of culture in terms of arts, music, festivals, museums, people and much more. It is definitely one of the craziest places I’ve been to. Another thing to definitely do is drive down America’s windiest and steepest street, Lombard Street; it looks like a giant flower bed from the bottom until you see cars and camera clickers all over it. San Fran is also a great spot for Wind and Kite Surfing but the water is a tad bit too cold for me when it comes to swimming. We finally got settled in and found ourselves in an Irish bar outside of the city and watched Waterford loose to Limerick in the Hurling. The place was mobbed with Waterfordonians but the atmosphere after the match was still excellent. We stayed in San Fran for four days before heading off to Los Angeles to finish off Route 66. We arrived pretty early for once and headed straight for Venice beach as we had not been swimming in the ocean as of yet. The beach was packed with fine women and posing men but our milk bottle bodies definitely drew the most attention. We then headed off to Beverley Hills to find a few stars but all we found were big palm trees and massive houses, quiet the neighbourhood to live in if I don’t say myself. Once we realised we would not be seeing anyone famous we headed into Hollywood to spend an evening with a cousin of mine who was more than delighted to put up five travelling Irish guys who needed to wash everything they owned. We stayed in for the night and watched a film or two and headed into the Hollywood hills to get a good look at the big old sign that you see in every California based film. There is a nice trail you can walk up but we decided to just go half way and take a few photos as it was like an oven. We then decided to officially end our 66 travels and drove out to Santa Monica Blvd, where we followed the last alignment of Route 66 to the Pacific Ocean. Santa Monica is a nice little spot and the world famous pier is a pretty happening place during the day. We stayed here for a night before heading back to Hollywood to meet up with our friends who had been entrapped by the lifestyle of Vegas. Three of our group were heading back home the following day. This time we went downtown Hollywood and walked around for a few hours looking at all the stars that had their patch in the Hollywood sidewalk. We saw everyone’s from Spielberg to R2D2. Funnily enough we were there for the premiere of Superbad and got a quick look at the cast as they entered the Graumans Chinese Theatre. The Chinese Theatre in Hollywood is the most famous movie theatre in the world. Millions of visitors flock here each year, most of them drawn by its legendary forecourt with its footprints of the stars. Yet the Chinese Theatre is also a great place to see a film in its own right, a spectacular movie palace with a unique history. Sadly we all parted ways the next day and our Route 66 trip had come to an end but on a positive note while three of the lads were landing in Shannon the remaining five were flying out to Hawaii for two weeks of relaxation and a further two weeks in San Diego with a bit of Mexico…

Frank & Walters Bare All TRULY A RENEWED INTERESTED IN HAPPINESS Mick O’Mahony caught a few words with veteran purveyors of insightful pop The Frank and Walters after a recent CIT show.

The Cork based Franks now seven albums into their career including a B sides and greatest hits album are still on the move with an extensive Irish tour set for the middle of December. “We are busy” says singer Paul with a book entitled A Renewed Interest in Reading, written by Irish Jack Lyons and a Live DVD due in the shops for Christmas.

Unlike fellow contemporaries of the 90s why have the Frank and Walters lasted so long? Paul put it as bluntly as “We didn’t know how to break up” and “even after parting company with Setanta Records and losing a member we never thought of breaking up. It was a case of Ashley and I regrouping and finding someone who was right and then we found Kevin and Fifa Records”. So talking about the 90s, do you think it is right for fellow 90s bands like the Wedding Present and so on to reform for the money? I see nothing wrong with it, people have to earn a living and it’s like been a carpenter, if you are a good carpenter, you will always be a good carpenter. It’s now over a year since last album “A Renewed Interest in Happiness” hit the shelves, would you think the Franks are bigger in Ireland now than during the “Top of the Pops “ and the “After All” days in 1992. That’s hard to know, more people know the name and we are bigger in rural Ireland. I suppose in 1993 we got 3,000 people into the City Hall in Cork, not sure if we could do that now. What was it like in the UK at that time? We were able to fill the ASTORIA in London and theatres throughout England. I suppose in 1993 we never really capitalised on the success of After All because up to then we were doing 200 gigs a year and were burnt out by the time we had success. The best thing about fame at the time though was after playing a Festival and walking along the road and I was able to hitch a lift because some fans recognised me. That was the real value of success to me. So beyond these isles and the UK were there any territories where the Franks had unexpected success? We went over to play the outdoor Bencassim Festival in Spain in 1995- our first visit to Spain, the whole crowd were singing “After All” back to us which took us by surprise. Moving on and comparing the music scene now and back then, especially in Cork in the late 80s, how much has it changed? It was very difficult to get gigs in the city, you had to go outside to places outside like DeBarras in Clonakilty and Kinsale. Dublin was all about a “pay to play policy”. If a scene did exist in Cork at the time we started, it consisted of bands such as Buttock and Bedroom Convention. Of the current wave of Irish bands who do you think can make real waves? The best live band I have seen since Pavement, whom I saw in 1993 when we were on tour with the B52s, are Dublin based band FIGHT LIKE APES. Early Frank’s songs were based on real people such as Michael and Happy Busman, how much of later stuff is based on real experiences and events? The current stuff is more autobiographical than earlier songs partly living my own experiences through other people. How do you consistently deliver positive uplifting songs? At the start of a verse I identify a problem that I may have myself and by the time I get to the chorus I have the problem solved. I find it’s very uplifting and I do have a lot of faith in God.

“...The best thing about fame at the time though was after playing a Festival and walking along the road and I was able to hitch a lift because some fans recognised me. That was the real value of success to me...”

There you have it, The Frank and Walters are a genuinely happy bunch, even after their brush with the big time came and went, they consistently delivering the goods. They have travelled the world, never trying to play the game and still playing music for all the right reasons. More on The Frank and Walters at The Frank and Walters play the Savoy on December 27th 2007.

expliCIT Cross Word - Win Free Cinema Tickets! DOWN 1. Airborne 2. Coconut meat 3. Tall woody plants 4. Western Samoan monetary units 5. Avatar of Vishnu 6. "Oh my!" 7. Son of Isaac 8. Sporting venue 9. Quizzing 10. Remember 11. Fertilizer ingredient 12. Anagram of "Dins" 13. T T T T 21. Encounter 25. Teeter-totter 27. Bragged (slang) 28. Mineral bearing rock 30. Wild African sheep 31. Concern 32. Completes

33. Ketch 34. Anagram of "Toon" 35. Scottish for "Lake" 36. Passed on from family 37. Affirmative 41. 17th letter of the Greek alphabet 44. Found on the ends of most pencils 46. Where birds live 50. Pertaining to modern day Persia 51. Fertile area in a desert 53. Develop 54. Prisons 55. Follow up on (2 words) 56. Ice or roller 57. 365 days 58. Otherwise 59. Bye-bye 61. Phone 62. Sword

Correctly complete the crossword and Return in Envelope with Name / Contact Details to enter draw for one of four double passes for the Gate Cinema / Cinema World.

ACROSS 18. Ceremonial staff 19. Vista 20. A member of a secret fraternal order 22. Amphibians 23. A piece of armor to protect thighs 24. An aromatic herb

1. Portrays 5. A Hindu prince 9. Complete confidence in a person 14. Traditional knowledge 15. Winged 16. Strange or spooky 17. Not closed

26. 29. 33. 38. 39. 40. 42. 43.

Self-importance Splice or ravel Alone A mineral, vesuvianite In a little while (archaic) Fortune tellers Coagulated milk Skin irritations

45. Hovels 47. Cling 48. Is indebted to 49. Wireless audio 52. Heroic tales 57. Abominable snowmen 60. An F1 circuit 63. Exhilarate

64. As Soon As Possible 65. A very small amount 66. Anagram of "Stare" 67. River in Egypt 68. A small slit 69. Absorbs written material 70. Small island 71. Anglo-Saxon slave

december 2006 H W N X V F X P N K O Q D S P
















Competition Closes 5pm Wednesday 19th December 2007 Last Month’s Winner: Christopher O’Donovan - METS 2B1

Competition Rules: All Entries to be returned by deadline to the CITSU Office, 1st Floor Student Centre on official form. Open to CIT Students only and one entry per student.

CHRISTMAS CITSU CORK DECEMBER EXPLICIT - puzzle 001-3 - puzzle 001-2 - puzzle 001-4 - puzzle 001-5

CIT School of Music Concert Dates Friday 14 December 2007 8.00 pm Curtis Auditorium, CIT Cork School of Music Irish Chamber Orchestra – Orchestra-in-residence to the CIT Cork School of Music Gabor Takacs-Nagy (conductor), John O’Conor (piano) Mozart Symphony No 15 in G, KV 124 Beethoven Piano Concerto No 2 in B flat, Op. 19 Bartók Divertimento

Fill in the grid, ensuring that each column and row and every 3 x 3 box contains the numbers 1-9. (The same number cannot appear twice in any row, column or 3 x 3 box at any time). Return in Envelope with Name / Contact Details to enter draw for one of four double passes for Gate Cinema / Cinema World.

Thursday 20 December 2007 8.00 pm Curtis Auditorium, CIT Cork School of Music Madrigal ’75’s Christmas Concert James Taylor (conductor) The Cork-based vocal ensemble Madrigal ’75, which last year won RTÉ lyric fm’s “Carols for Christmas 2006” competition, will present an evening of exquisite Yuletide charm in a programme entitled “Chantons tout Noël”. An evening not to be missed!

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