2020 Waterton Lakes National Park Activity Guide

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Waterton Lakes National Park Activity Guide

Alberta, Canada mywaterton.ca

Endless memories await! Experience Waterton Lakes National Park as we celebrate our 125th!

Des souvenirs mémorables vous attendent!

Découvrez le parc national des Lacs-Waterton alors que nous célébrons notre 125e anniversaire !


One of Canada’s Most Beautiful 18-Hole Golf Courses

Discover the

Waterton Lakes Golf Course • 18 Hole Stanley Thompson Design • Daily Green Fee • Two for One Seniors Tuesday • Twilight After 3pm • 9 & 18 Hole Green Fee Rates for Walkers Visit our Licensed Club House Patio Dining • Daily Specials Monday Night Specials • Public Welcome Friendly Relaxed Atmosphere

For Tee Times Call 403-859-2114 GolfWaterton.com

Experience Waterton Lakes National Park Welcome to Waterton We are very excited for you to experience this amazing

and many can trace their Waterton roots back decades. So,

National Park in southern Alberta, Canada.

bring your family and friends, and get ready to rub elbows with the locals! You ’re bound to discover an interesting

Waterton Lakes National Park (WLNP) is a destination

story or two about the area.

unlike any other in the world. It is: - Canada’s 4th National Park (1895)

Get busy exploring, because there is so much to see and do

- The World’s 1st International Peace Park (1932)

here that you’re going to want to stay longer. Spend your

- A World Biosphere Reserve (1979)

days outside hiking, biking and also on the water. Wander

- A UNESCO Natural World Heritage Site (1995)

around our beautiful village and eat, shop and discover

- An International Dark Sky Park (2017)

what makes Waterton so unique. However you spend your

- Part of the Crown of the Continent Geotourism region

time here, the experience will be unforgettable.

Waterton offers pristine, untouched wild spaces, few

Enjoy your visit!

crowds, and a “small town” feel. You might meet one of

The Waterton Park Chamber of Commerce

our many multi-generational locals; the storytellers that call this place home. Nearly every business is family-owned

Our Contributors

Shalane Friesen is an

Keith B. Robinson is

Karen Ung (aka

Warren Pearson

Graeme Pole is

outdoor enthusiast who loves travelling, hiking, practicing yoga and Pilates, nature photography, painting and trail running with her golden retriever. Winner of the Emerald Award for Public Education and Outreach and threetime finalist for the White Hat Awards for “Best Tour Guide,” she is passionate about creating memorable experiences for visitors. (Castle Provincial Park pg 62)

one of the few year-round local Waterton residents. Recently named one of Canada’s Top 40 Under 40, by Canadian Traveller Magazine, Keith is a small-business owner with a degree in Tourism Management/Marketing, and has been a tour guide for years. An avid traveller, he enjoys hiking, biking, kayaking, and stargazing.

@playoutsidegal) went on her first backpacking trip at 6 weeks old and hasn’t stopped playing outside. She loves maps, mountains, and mochas and is always planning her next road trip. With her Geography degree and experience leading hikes and backpacking trips in the Rockies, she is full of ideas on where to go and what to do. (Eight Fun Things To Do pg 15)

As a senior, I find great joy wandering the hills, in search of those “God moments.” Sometimes I get lucky and capture them in a photograph. My favourite moments are the simple ones, like having a nap in a sunbeam by a stream or plunging into a mountain lake on a hot summer day. That reminds me, it’s time for my “forest bath”! (Experience Crypt Lake Trail pg 18)

the best-selling author of thirteen books that describe the natural history and the human history of western Canada. Three of his titles have been finalists in the Banff Mountain Book Festival. His most recent is the novel, Siren Call.

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(Experience Our Dark Skies pg 51)

Visit his website: mountainvision.ca (What’s in a Name pg 36)

Experience Waterton Lakes National Park Welcome to the 2020-21 edition of Waterton Lakes National Park Activity Guide This Official Visitors’ Guide was produced jointly by the Waterton Park Chamber of Commerce and CMI Publishing. The latter is a division of Complete Marketing Inc., a privately-owned company with offices in Calgary, Alberta. We specialize in the production of visitor guides in print and digital formats. Printed copies are delivered in bulk to our network of distribution outlets within the region. Travellers are encouraged to pick up a FREE printed copy through these outlets. View or download a mobile-friendly copy of this, or any of our current or archived guides at ExperienceTravelGuides.com/Library Please support our advertisers and sponsors. Kindly mention to them where you saw their ad. Without their support, this guide would not be possible. Publisher: Bob Harris Ph: (403) 259.8290 Bob@cmiPublishing.ca 116 Parkview Way SE, Calgary, AB, T2J 4M8 Designers: Suzanne Griffin Christine Weston Cartographer: Rob Storeshaw

Advertising Sales Reps: Dan Clements, Joseph Macdonald, Brian Peck, David Saxby & Nikolaus Wyslouzil Cover photo: The iconic Waterton Valley Distribution: Through most Visitor Information Centres, AMA Travel Offices, attractions, retail stores, hotels and motels in the region. More info: experiencemountainparks.com/our-distributors

Book Keeper: Adrienne Albrecht, bookkeeper@cmispeakers.com

Share your Experience: Upload your selfies, photos and videos to be eligible to win great prizes: ExperienceTravelGuides.com/Contests

Circulation: Dan Clements, Bob Harris, Ian Klein, Warren & Sandy Pearson, David Saxby, Dale, Kelly & Carla Schultz

Sister Publications Include: Experience the Mountain Parks, Experience Western Adventures & Cowboy Trails, Experience Southern Alberta, and the Experience Jasper Map

Important Contact Information Emergency: 911 RCMP: 403-859-2244 Cardston Hospital: 403-653-4411 Pincher Creek Hospital: 403-627-1234 Parks Canada Visitor Info Centre 403-859-5133 Waterton Warden Service 1-888-WARDENS Parks Canada Campground Reservations 1-877-737-3783 www.pccamping.ca

Activities Capture the Moment 64 Eight Fun Things To Do 15-17 Experience Crypt Lake Trail 18 Experience Cycling 48 Experience Our Dark Skies 51 Golfing in Waterton 26 Great Places to Camp 20-22 Hiking in Waterton 20 Retail Therapy 46 Waterton Events 28-31 Winter Wonderland 54

Specialty Pages All in the Family 40-43 Castle Provincial Park 62 Experience Our Indigenous Culture 49 Experience Waterton 14 Experience Waterton’s History 60 Happy Trails 58 Photo Contest 65 Reader Survey 66 Say YES to a Waterton Wedding 44 Take a Seat 11 Waterton Valley 34 Waterton’s 125th Anniversary 10 Waterton’s Historic Boats 59 Waterton’s Renewal 12 Waterton’s Wildlife 56 What to do on a Rainy Day 52 What’s in a Name 36 Wildlife Safety Tips 57

Map Pages Regional Map 6 The Village of Waterton 38 Waterton Lakes National Park 8 All dates were correct at the time of printing but please confirm dates on mywaterton.ca #mywaterton | 5

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Photo by Carys Richards/NCC

NATURE DEFINES US Get Involved Get outdoors: Find out which NCC properties you can visit in your area. connect2nature.ca

Our country is filled with some of the most amazing natural habitats in the world. It’s what makes Canada, Canada – and it’s why we’ve spent more than 50 years protecting our irreplaceable natural spaces and the wildlife that they sustain.


Spend a day in the field: Become a Conservation Volunteer conservationvolunteers.ca Help lead the way: Become a Leader in Conservation natureconservancy.ca/ab-lic


Waterton Lakes National Park

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Waterton Lakes National Park







#mywaterton | 9

Photo Courtesy of Travel Alberta, Amanda Dias @aminniedee

Waterton Turns 125

On May 30, 1895 a 140 sq. km (54 sq. miles) area was protected by the Government of Canada as a Dominion Forest Park. Its status, boundary and name have varied thoughout the years, and is now known as Waterton Lakes National Park (WLNP). Waterton is located on the traditional territory of the Ni’tsitápi (Blackfoot People) and has long been a place of significance for them. Waterton is Canada’s fourth National Park and is the smallest in the Canadian Rockies at 505 sq. km (195 sq. miles). Waterton has protected and presented the area’s rich natural and cultural heritage, and the park has received international designations as a result. In 1932, in conjuction with Glacier National Park, Montana, Waterton was designated as the world’s very first International Peace Park. More recently, WatertonGlacier has been designated as a UNESCO Biosphere Reserve (WLNP 1979), a UNESCO World Heritage Site (1995) and an International Dark Sky Park (2017). Waterton has long experienced the powerful forces of nature through wind, floods and intense wildfires. Most recently, the 2017 Kenow Wildfire was a significant disturbance on the landscape. The land has already responded with resilience, and it is a fascinating place to watch natural renewal unfold. Today, the park continues to delight visitors with spectacular hikes, beautiful lakes and accessible waterfalls and remarkable 10 | mywaterton.ca

views. As we commemorate the past 125 years, we celebrate the park’s exceptional resiliency, and its future. You can join this year’s celebrations in several ways: 1. On Saturday, May 30, bring your family, friends and a bicycle to commemorate the official anniversary of Waterton Lakes with the iconic Ride the Red Rock cycling event. 2. Waterton Lakes 125 Challenge – Starting May 30, take the challenge to try some new activities in the park, in multiples of 125! Stop by the visitor centre, and check our website for more information. 3. Take the 125th Stewardship Pledge as your commitment to protect the natural and cultural integrity of Waterton for the benefit of future generations. 4. Attend one of the 125-themed volunteer or interpretation programs offered within the park. 5. Go for a hike on the newly-reopened Bear’s Hump Trail or a scenic drive on the Red Rock Parkway For the most up-to-date information including rescheduling on the 125th celebrations, follow us at parkscanada.gc.ca/waterton, or on Facebook and Twitter (@WatertonLakesNP).

Take a Seat Have you ever wondered why there are so many Red Chairs in Canada’s National Parks? Parks Canada has installed five sets of red Adirondack chairs in scenic locations throughout Waterton. Made in Canada, the two chairs, connected by a small table are placed in locations that offer a spot to slow down and relax. A few years ago, these Red Chairs were placed around the park, encouraging visitors to seek them out and share their experiences on social media. #sharethechair After a strenuous hike, take a seat in one of these Red Chairs located in areas such as an alpine meadow or a waterside haven and connect with nature. Find the locations of the Red Chairs. parkscanada.gc.ca/waterton-chairs Photo Courtesy of Karen Ung

Where Italy meets the Rockies Our modern stylish restaurant features fresh, classic Italian dishes made for sharing. Book online: 403.859.2004 | redrocktrattoria.com

Waterton’s highest rated restaurant and Diner’s Choice Award Winner

#mywaterton | 11

Waterton’s Renewal Offers Unique Experiences

Photo Courtesy of Jessica Gergely

Photo Courtesy of Tracey Halladay - THalladay Photography

There’s no mistaking that the Kenow Wildfire caused extreme ecological changes in Waterton Lakes National Park. The 2017 wildfire burned 35,000 hectares total, including 19,303 hectares in Waterton (38% of the park). Of that, 44% of the park’s vegetated area burned with high or very high intensity. The fire affected portions of all ecological regions, from grasslands to the alpine. In some areas, no tree canopy remained. Seed banks in the soil may have even been destroyed. But, the renewal that has followed has been nothing short of remarkable. Visitors were treated to a magnificent display of wildflowers in spring/summer 2018. This trend continued in 2019, as even more burned areas came alive with new growth. The composition of some vegetation communities changed following the fire, so while things look different in some places, Waterton’s scenery remains spectacular. So, what changed in 2019? Compared to 2018, renewal became more visible at higher elevations. While forests are expected to take a longer time to regenerate, a trip up Bertha Falls trail, for example, will reveal abundant plant life. That said, lodgepole pine seedlings are very present as well. These trees’ cones open in the extreme heat of a wildfire and thrive in bright sunlight of the now-exposed forest floor. 12 | mywaterton.ca

Photo Courtesy of Jessica Gergely

Plants, shrubs and trees continue to establish in line with growing conditions such as climate, soils and even wildlife. Grassland meadows could even grow in previously-forested areas. For example, of the forested post-fire vegetation plots surveyed in 2018, only 50% contained tree seedlings. 2020 is likely to bring even further change. Such extensive renewal means plenty of research opportunities. Areas of research underway within the park include hydrology, aquatics, vegetation changes after a wildfire in various habitats, and the impact of wildfire on wildlife. Special attention is being paid to the spread of invasive plants in areas affected by the fire. With that in mind, work is taking place to prevent non-native plants from establishing in burned areas. You can help! One way non-native plants hitch a ride into new areas is on boots and equipment. You’ll find boot brushing stations at trailheads throughout the park. Be sure to clean off any hitchhiking seeds before and after your hike. In addition to the Kenow Wildfire’s ecological impact, it also damaged or destroyed campgrounds, hiking trails, day use areas and scenic routes. Rebuilding continues, but the ever-popular Bear’s Hump and Carthew-Alderson trails will be available.

Waterton’s Renewal Offers Unique Experiences Be sure to include a trip up the Red Rock Parkway to Blakiston Falls trail in your plans. The new viewing platforms provide a great vantage point for taking in Blakiston Creek and falls, and the 2 km round-trip provides an opportunity to see ecological renewal taking place in an area that was severely burned. While rebuilding will take time, there is plenty to see and do in Waterton Lakes National Park this year. Construction continues on Crandell Mountain campground and the Akamina Parkway, among other projects. For more information on what’s open and best times to visit, head to parkscanada.gc.ca/waterton.

Plenty of rebuilding and ecological renewal has taken place since 2017’s Kenow Wildfire – come see for yourself.





114 Waterton Ave, Waterton Park


More than just a souvenir shop it’s a unique shopping experience.

112 Waterton Avenue 1-866-820-2232 #mywaterton | 13

Experience Waterton There are places on earth that practically defy description. These special places are so unique, and so uniquely beautiful, that you can’t quite find the words to express what your senses are taking in. They are breathtaking to the eyes, to be sure, but the appeal is somewhat intangible. It is a feeling in the air, a vibe, an energy. You feel good just being there, and the more you explore, the stronger the feeling becomes.

Campsites abound, and cozy indoor accommodations dot the town site. And the activities? Well – those are otherworldly too. The hiking here is legendary and it is difficult to imagine a more majestic setting for a round of golf. Photographers, birdwatchers and botanists gather here for good reason. Waterton Lake is a fisherman’s dream and a wind surfer’s paradise. And in the winter, return to cross-country ski or snow shoe.

Waterton Lakes National Park is one of those places. It is one of the most distinctive mountain parks on the planet. Nestled in the far southwest corner of Alberta, Waterton has been shaped over the centuries by wind, fire, glacial ice and floods. The park’s ecosystem is so special that it was designated a Biosphere Reserve by the United Nations, in 1979.

There are numerous adventure companies standing at the ready, but if you would rather wind things down, consider a picturesque picnic, a leisurely paddle, a moonlight lake cruise, or quiet contemplation by Cameron Falls.

In 1932, Waterton Lakes National Park in Canada and the United States’ Glacier National Park united to form the world’s first International Peace Park. This partnership was dedicated to world peace by Rotary International. Today, with its unguarded border, this park continues to symbolize the bonds of peace and friendship between the people of our countries.

Actually, the lakes and waterfalls here really help set Waterton apart from other mountain communities in the region. You see, the town site was constructed on the shores of Waterton Lake. And that’s just gentle on your mind. Yes, Waterton has that intangible appeal, and it has it the way mountain park aficionados love it best – unspoiled, uncrowded, and unbelievably beautiful.

Crypt Lake Trail Cross Borders. Create Memories. Rated one of the World’s Most Thrilling Trails by

Hiker Shuttles Depart Daily from the Waterton Marina

www.watertoncruise.com 1.403.859.2362 14 | mywaterton.ca

Photo Courtesy of Travel Alberta, Amanda Dias @aminniedee

Eight Fun Things To Do

It’s breezy atop Prince of Wales hill, but the bighorn sheep don’t seem to mind. The herd grazes placidly as lambs chase and headbutt each other. Far below, the M.V. International sails across Upper Waterton Lake, stand-up paddleboarders ply the calmer waters of Emerald Bay, and deer roam the streets. It’s a typical summer afternoon in Waterton Lakes National Park, but the experiences to be enjoyed are far from ordinary. Check out these eight fun things to do in Waterton this year.

1. Waterton Shoreline Cruise & Crypt Lake Trail From Crypt Landing, it is a moderately strenuous 8.6 km hike, with a 675 m of elevation gain to Crypt Lake. If time allows, make a side trip to Hell Roaring Falls. Full story on pg 18 For a more leisurely exploration of the area, take a sightseeing cruise on the historic M.V. International. Waterton Shoreline Cruise Company’s crew are as knowledgeable as they are

engaging. They’ll give you the scoop on local history, geography, and where to view wildlife. Some tours include a short stop at Goat Haunt ranger station, Montana so you can get out and stretch your legs. Cruises are offered multiple times a day from early May through early October.

2. Canoe or Kayak on Lower Waterton Lake Lower Waterton Lake, is known locally as Knight’s Lake. In honour of Herbert Knight who was Waterton’s park superintendent from 1932-1939. Smaller than Middle and Upper Waterton Lakes, Lower Waterton Lake is 2 km long and tends to have calmer water for paddling. Put in at Hay Barn Day Use Area – a fun wading spot – then paddle down the Waterton River to Lower Waterton Lake. Prevailing winds are from the southwest, so going north is easy. For a longer paddle (add 1 km one way), take a side trip to the Maskinonge, a reed-lined lake that is prime bird habitat. (Continued on pg 16) #mywaterton | 15

Eight Fun Things To Do (Continued from pg 15) A shallow stretch of river connects the

lakes. If you set up a car shuttle, you can pull out at Maskinonge Day Use Area and avoid paddling upriver and into the wind on the return. Listen for the bugling calls of Sandhill Cranes as you picnic at the picnic shelter. (Mandatory clean drain dry) Rent your kayak from either Pat’s Waterton or Blakiston & Co.

3. Hike Bears Hump Trail Distance: 2.8 km/1.8 miles, Elevation: 225 m/738 feet Rating: Moderate, Timing: 1 hour It’s a local favourite and visitors love it, too. Delivers Waterton’s most famous view from an outcropping on Crandell Mountain. It’s known as “Bear Mountain” by the Blackfoot Indigenous peoples, because it looks like the outline of a grizzly bear. The trail starts at the parking area across from the Prince of Wales Hotel. The path is a short, steep climb up a rocky trail. Benches are provided if you need a break. Near the top is a final set of steps that lead up to the flat “hump”. This vantage point delivers amazing vistas of the mountain peaks, the townsite, and prairie views. Enjoy the landscape that makes Waterton unique.

4. Biking Around Waterton Explore Waterton at your own pace - by bike! Pat’s of Waterton and Blakiston & Co. are your places to rent a mountain bike, Surrey bike (like a pedal-powered golf cart), or an e-bike. The single-speed Surrey bike is perfect for touring the townsite as a family, while an e-bike will get you miles out of town without much effort. Take the paved Kootenai Brown Trail to Red Rock

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Eight Fun Things To Do Parkway, through to Coppermine Creek Day Use Area - 12 km one way. The winding and rolling road is super scenic and fun to ride. Wishbone Trail is a popular mountain bike trail on the east side of Waterton.

5. Go Horseback Riding with Alpine Stables If you’d like a taste of what life was like when Waterton was first settled, go on a trail ride! Alpine Stables offers hour-long to full-day trail rides for new and experienced riders aged 5 and up. The Barrus and Watson families have lots to share: their local knowledge and their great love of this land “where the mountains meet the prairies.”

6. Relax, Rejuvenate, & Revitalize at Waterton’s Premier Day Spa Spoil yourself and visit the Serenity Spa. Their treatments are designed to restore energy, promote well-being and enhance your time here. Whether you have come to to play hard, hike our Rocky Mountain trails, stroll around the village or take in a tour, when you come to Serenity Spa, we shift your focus – relax, revitalize and reconnect with yourself.

7. Discover the Night Sky with a Dark Sky Tour Waterton is an amazing place for spectacular stargazing and astrophotography thanks to its Dark Sky status. Not sure where to go or what to look for? Why not attend a Parks Canada theater program? Or sign up for a guided interpretive stargazing tour with Dark Sky Guides. Your friendly, local guides will bring the telescopes and cocoa.

8. Golf Waterton Lakes Golf Course is a beautiful and challenging Stanley Thompson-inspired course. In addition to panoramic mountain views and great wildlife viewing opportunities, the course offers club and cart rentals, a pro shop, practice green, and licensed clubhouse. This is perhaps one of Waterton’s best kept secrets (affordable lunch spot with great patio). Bonus, put that wind to good use and fly a kite! Hay Barn Day Use Area has wide, open spaces to run about. Whether you come for the weekend or a week, Waterton’s scenery and friendly locals – of the human and furry variety – will have you yearning to come back soon. By: Karen Ung

Photo Courtesy of Travel Alberta, John Price

#mywaterton | 17

Experience Crypt Lake Trail It’s 8:30 am and we’re on our way! The ferry ride from Emerald Bay to the trailhead at Crypt Landing is expected to take 15-20 minutes. And all 45 passengers are giddy with anticipation. You see, Crypt is not your typical mountain trail. It’s one of the most unique you’ll ever encounter. National Geographic has rated this hike as one of the World’s 20 Most Thrilling Trails! As with all mountain hikes, the weather can be extreme and change quickly. It’s wise to dress in layers with rain protection. The hike begins on a good, flat trail just above the shoreline of Upper Waterton Lake. Excellent views of Upper Waterton Lake unfold as well-graded switchbacks climb through the clean, fresh smell of the shady forest. After just 1 km, we hear the rush of water tumbling over Hell Roaring Falls. The trail then levels out and we reach the short detour to Twin Falls at the 3.5 km mark. Soon the route leaves the forest and we are exposed to all the elements. Thank goodness we brought along water, sunscreen and a hat! The path becomes steeper and rockier, just 2.1 km later we arrive at Burnt Rock Falls. Most impressive in early June, by September it slows to a single strand that cascades about 15m (or 50 ft) to an amphitheatre, below.

All Photos Courtesy of Warren Pearson

For the next 2.4 km, the jaw-dropping landscapes get better. The wildflowers are simply amazing. Did you know that Bear Grass is unique to this region? However, the trail is uneven, rocky, and steep - glad we are all wearing hiking boots - running shoes are not recommended. In the distance, Crypt Falls plunges about 180 m (600 ft) from the rim between Vimy Ridge and Mount Boswell to a shallow, emerald, alpine pond. It is so stunningly beautiful, we stop to take photos even though we realize that the biggest adventure will be soon upon us - the ledge, ladder and tunnel. The ledge is a narrow, exposed path that leads to a 3 m (10 ft) steel ladder that is firmly bolted into the rock wall. It really isn’t too scary but keep your eyes on what you are doing. The tunnel is fun! Make your way through this 20 m (65 ft) long channel through the rock. Although it is relatively straight, the tunnel is narrow and irregular in shape, so getting our bodies and back packs through it, required some wriggling. The good news is that you really can see daylight at the end of the tunnel.

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Experience Crypt Lake Trail Focus is important as you emerge from the tunnel. The narrow path resumes with a scramble to a rock ledge and a cable that has been bolted into the rock wall. Use it, watch your footing, and try to ignore the 200 m drop-off.

Bear Grass

Almost there! The last portion of the trail is a short walk through an alpine forest on a reasonably flat path. A welcome change from the adventure zone we’ve just come through. Wildlife is abundant in the area. Bears are regularly seen on this trail. This is their domain. So, read up on “bear etiquette”, bring along bear spray and know how to use it. Crypt Lake is a pristine alpine lake and the towering peaks offer enough shade to allow icebergs to remain til July. Snowbanks linger around the shoreline. The lake is stocked with cutthroat trout and it is a popular fishing destination. We scan the peaks for mountain goats and inhale deeply, suddenly realizing that the fresh air and exercise has made us hungry – time for lunch! Breaking out our snacks we notice that folks are hiking around the shoreline. Yet another unique feature of this trail - the path

takes them across the international border and into Montana. Although enticing, we walk to the edge of Crypt Falls instead and drink in the incredible views of the valley below. The hike back to Crypt Landing is downhill and hiking poles come in handy. The scramble is exciting because the exposure really enters our field of vision. The ladder is more challenging going down, so after that, it’s good to stand on solid ground. Back on the ferry, it’s all smiles. We will all sleep well tonight. #YOLO #Bucketlist

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Hiking in the mountains near Crypt Lake Photo By: Andy Best @andy_best

Hiking in Waterton For the less experienced, or those with small children, a leisurely walk around the Linnet Lake Loop will take less than half an hour on a paved, but slightly rough path. There are a few benches along the way to enjoy the small but gem-like lake. The Kootenai Brown Trail was created as a legacy gift to Canadians in recognition of the 125th anniversary of Canada’s National Parks. A multi-use pathway about 7 km (4.3 miles) one way is perfect for families or for biking and has unparalleled views of the mountains and Waterton Lakes. The casual walk descends through prairie grasslands where you will find John George Kootenai Brown’s gravesite, along with those of his two wives. Kootenai Brown, the first appointed park official, had significant influence in the development of the area. You will find an information plaque at the viewpoint showcasing historical information. Wishbone Trail runs alongside Chief Mountain Highway. It’s approximately 10 km (6 miles) long one way, and is a somewhat challenging trail. There is little shade on this trail and there is

Red Rock Canyon Parkway, Photo Courtesy of Parks Canada

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no elevation gain for the first 6.5 km (4 miles), so pack according to the weather. Throughout the trail, you will discover many of Waterton’s famous flora and fauna. The trail to Vimy Peak is a steep, difficult climb up to 7200 ft in elevation. To get to this trail head you must walk, bike, or ride in by horseback (which is a popular choice), through aspen forest and wetlands, on the Wishbone Trail. You can also access the trail by boat shuttle service to Wishbone Landing. The hike is 11 km (6.8 miles) each way and is an impressive work of nature. Vimy Peak is easy to identify – it stands out since there are no other mountains in front of it. Red Rock Canyon is a must-see if you are heading into Waterton Lakes National Park. This deep beautiful canyon is a fantastic place to explore the natural beauty of the Rocky Mountains. These red rocks are formed in a variety of shapes including flat, jagged and edgy. Small rivers flow though the canyon making the red rocks a very deep colour. Red Rock is an amazing place to capture stunning images.

Red Rock Canyon

Easy Type




Hiking Trail


Backcountry Campground

Elevation Gain m (feet)

1 hour

3.2 (2)


Paved Trail beside Upper Waterton Lake

Prince of Wales

45 minutes

2 (1.2)


View of Waterton Lakes – loop trail

Linnet Lake Loop

20 minutes

1 (0.6)


Short stroll around a small lake

1 hour

3 (1.9)


Walk through a “snow forest” beside a scenic subapline lake

Akamina Lake

30 minutes

1 (0.6)


Short stroll to a pristine subalpine lake

Red Rock Canyon Loop

20 minutes

0.7 (0.4)


Paved trail along colourful canyon

Blakiston Falls

45 minutes

2 (1.2)


A short walk leads to waterfall viewpoints

2 hours

13.8 (8.6)


Paved trail with view of lakes, prairie and mountains

Crandell Lake (Red Rock Parkway)

1.25 hours

4 (2.4)

125 (410)

Steady uphill trail through montane forest. Good family hike

Crandell Lake (Akamina Parkway)

1 hour

3.6 (2.2)

75 (246)

Steady uphill trail through montane forest. Good family hike

1.5 hours

5.2 (3.2)

175 (574)

Moderate climb to a cascading “bridal veil” waterfall

Bear’s Hump

1 hour

2.8 (1.8)

225 (738)

Steep climb with a panoramic view of Waterton Valley


5 hours

16.4 (10.2)

150 (492)

Old fire road suited for cycling

Forum Lake, BC

3 hours

8.8 (5.5)

350 (1148)

Impressive rock wall surrounding lake in BC Provicial Park

3.5 hours

10.4 (6.5)

110 (361)

Popular alpine lake in BC Provincial Park

Kootenai Lakes, Goat Haunt MT

3 hours

8 (5)

70 (200)

Upper Waterton Valley.

Summit Lake

3 hours

8 (5)

305 (1000)

Switchbacks through old growth forest to Summit Plateau

Lineham Creek

3 hours

8.4 (5.2)

350 (1148)

Forested uphill hike to view a 250 m (410 ft.) high falls

Lower Rowe Lake

3 hours

8 (5)

350 (1148)

Forested and open slopes lead to a small alpine lake

Upper Rowe Lake

5 hours

12.8 (8)

575 (1886)

Meadow of wildflowers at 5.2 km (3.2 mi), steep climb to lake

4.5 hours

10.4 (6.5)

460 (1509)

Steady uphill to this popular and pretty lake

Lakeshore Trail

4 hours

13 (8) one way

125 (410)

Requires return boat trip from Goat Haunt, USA or return hike

Horseshoe Basin

7 hours

21.3 (13)

350 (1148)

Hike through open prairie. Abundant wildflowers in spring

Blakiston Valley

7 hours

20.2 (12.5)

350 (1148)

A creekside trail in a fairly open valley

Goat Lake

5 hours

14 (8.7)

500 (1640)

Steep switchbacks and open rocky slope to hanging valley


8 hours

21 (13)


Hike through aspen forest & wetlands. Access to Vimy Peak

Crypt Lake

6 hours

17.2 (10.7)

675 (2214)

Waterfall, natural tunnel & cliff traverse. Requires boat shuttle


8 hours

20.1 (12.5) one way

650 (2132)

Spectacular views from Carthew Ridge. May need car shuttle

Twin Lakes

9 hours

22.8 (14.1)

455 (1492)

Steady uphill trail to two alpine lakes

Tamarack Trail

2-3 days

32 to 36 (20 to 23)

Varies with route selection

Kootenai Brown Trail

Lower Bertha Falls

Wall Lake, BC


Horses Permitted Except July & August Round Trip Distance Km (Miles)

Cameron Lakeshore

Bertha Lake

Other Trail Users

Horses Estimated Time (Round Trip)




Trail Description See Map Page 8

Scenic hike along the Continental Divide. Access to Lone Lake. May require car shuttle

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Experience Camping In and Around Waterton The sun gently stretches through your campsite signalling the start of a new day, and as you push away your blanket and softly roll out of bed you’re greeted by the sounds of birds chirping overhead. You pour yourself a warm cup of coffee and slowly take your first steps outside. The gentle breeze coming through the mountain valley fills your spirit, while the fresh mountain air fills your lungs. All of the mountain peaks, trails, and streams in the distance beg to be explored. You may think you are still dreaming, but no, this is what it’s like to wake up camping in Waterton Lakes National Park. As part of Waterton-Glacier International Peace Park, Waterton Lakes is a celebrated place where the Rocky Mountain peaks reach to the sky from the rolling prairie creating an unrivalled park setting. Pristine mountain lakes shimmer in the valleys, thundering waterfalls plunge down the mountainsides, and the charming townsite is filled with excellent food, shopping, and activities. Its easy to see why camping and RV enthusiasts from all over the world come here to the world’s first international peace park. There are many compelling reasons why camping


Reservations: crookedcreekcampground.ca Manager - (403) 653-1100 • Open May to October • Majestic Views • 79 sites available • Camp Kitchen 22 | mywaterton.ca

• On site management • All services 15 km away • Highway 5 before Waterton Park Gate

Experience Camping In and Around Waterton in Waterton Lakes, and at other campgrounds in the area make it one of the premier mountain destinations on the planet. Waterton Townsite The Waterton Townsite Campground is a very popular camping destination located near the shores of Upper Waterton Lake. This campground provides pull through and back-in with full service and electrical sites, tent only sites, hot showers, flush toilets, food storage, and kitchen shelters. The campground is within easy walking distance to town amenities, Cameron Falls, Emerald Bay, and Upper Waterton Lake. On September 3, 2019, the Townsite Campground loops (A, C, D, E, F, and G) east of Cameron Creek were closed to allow for the construction of improved services. Please refer to the Waterton Lakes website for all of the updates on this project’s timeline parkscanada.gc.ca/waterton-construction. Remember, Townsite Campground is in high demand in July and August and especially on long weekends. (Continued pg 24)

Photo Courtesy of Parks Canada

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Experience Camping In and Around Waterton

Photo Courtesy of Travel Alberta / Jeff Bartlett

Therefore, it is important to reserve your campsite in advance by calling 1-877-Reserve (1-877-737-3783) or by booking online through Parks Canada’s website. Both a camping permit and park pass, valid for the length of stay, are required. Belly River Campground The Belly River Campground is located in a beautiful natural setting along a peaceful mountain river, approximately 26 km from the Waterton townsite on the Chief Mountain Hwy. This campground offers 24 unserviced campsites where you can fully immerse yourself in nature. Remember, campers must bring their own water as there is no potable water available at this campground. The campground sites are available on a firstcome, first-served basis. Crandell Mountain Campground Is closed due to infrastructure damage from the Kenow Wildfire. Back Country Camping Waterton Lakes offers seven different backcountry camping sites for outdoor enthusiasts. This is the ultimate experience to immerse yourself in the adventure and beauty of Waterton Lakes National Park. Take a shorter hike from the townsite for a one or two night stay at Bertha Bay or Bertha Lake, or venture further into the back corners of the park from the end of the Red 24 | mywaterton.ca

Rock Parkway towards Lone Lake and Twin Lakes camp sites for a multi-night trip. Make sure to take in the landscape during the day, and the depth of the stars at night. Remember, a backcountry use permit is required for overnight stays (reserve at 403-859-5133), and for a more detailed list of regulations and a backpacker’s checklist visit the Waterton Lakes National Park backcountry camping website: parkscanada.gc.ca/waterton-backcountry. Camping Near Waterton Lakes National Park No matter where you drive your car, pitch your tent, or park your RV in this majestic, mountain-filled corner of Alberta you will quickly realize camping in this part of the world is unlike anywhere else. Excellent camping opportunities are also close to the park. (see below) Campgrounds

Distance from Waterton

Crooked Creek

15 km (9 miles)

Payne Lake Provincial Park

31 km (19 miles)

Police Outpost Provincial Park

51 km (32 miles)

Pincher Creek Memorial

55 km (34 miles)

Lee Creek (Cardston)

55 km (34 miles)

Beauvais Lake Provincial Park

65 km (40 miles)

Castle Provincial Park/Wildland

111 km (69 miles)

Experience Waterton There are several waterfalls to discover in Waterton. Cameron Falls is located at the west edge of town and is the highlight of many visitor’s trips. It is an attraction worth photographing. It regularly draws a crowd because of the crystal-clear mountain water cascading down over the 1.5 billion-year-old Pre-Cambrian rock. Those who stand admiring the falls will often feel the gentle mist of water dusting their skin as the water roars loudly below. There are several view points along and above the waterfall to capture spectacular images and admire this work of nature. Take a hike, boat, or bike ride, to discover the many other waterfalls throughout Waterton.

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Golfing in Waterton If you love to golf, there is no better place to enjoy the game! Situated on Hwy 5, just after the Red Rock Parkway, Waterton Lakes Golf Course first opened with 9 holes in 1922, making it one of Canada’s oldest. Construction from 1929-1939, expanded this now 18-hole Stanley Thompson-inspired course, which is sure to challenge you. And surrounded by impressive mountain scenery, the majestic views of the iconic Prince of Wales Hotel and the sparkling water of Upper Waterton Lake, golfing here will also take your breath away.

sy of Trav Photo Courte

This public course is open seven days a week, from early May until October and offers a full range of amenities including club and cart rentals, a pro shop, a practice green and a licensed clubhouse. A 5-year improvement plan is well underway. The fairways are lush and the greens are among the best in Alberta. Plus, there’s a good chance that you’ll come across the oftenpresent deer, elk, and on occasion, a bear.

tie Goldie

el Alberta / Ka

Fa m i l y o w n ed a n d o per at ed ! KY M OUNTAI N ROC


Home for your Ho lidays





CATERING • PARTY PLATTERS • GIANT SUBS Open 7 days a week from 7 am - 10:30 pm



w w w. w a t e r t o n g r o c e r y s t o r e . c o m

26 | mywaterton.ca



Golfing in Waterton Thompson’s genius for simplicity and mischief are here for all to see. For example, your tee shot on the Par 3, 13th must cross a 100 foot deep valley, to a tiny, shallow green that’s carved into the mountainside. Don’t be short and watch the wind! The trick is to hit just a little long, to just above the green and trickle back down - hopefully onto the green. Sweeping lake and valley views on the 18th hole’s elevated teebox can prove a hazard, so aim to stay focused and finish strong. Post-game patio beers at the full-service clubhouse are a must. Stay for a meal and enjoy hearty fare, prepared by a Red Seal chef. With such unforgettable surroundings and super-friendly staff, golf just seems the natural thing to do around here.

It simply doesn’t matter how you play on this course. The scenery is so magnificent that the score is irrelevant.

Photo Courtesy of

Travel Alberta / Ka tie



TripAdvisor rating!

Single rooms, family rooms, kitchenettes and full kitchen suites available Outdoor picnic area with BBQs bearmountainmotel.com

Select pet-friendly rooms available

403.859.2366 (May-Sept)

info@bearmountainmotel.com #mywaterton | 27

Events In Waterton

Show ‘N’ Shine Last Sunday of August Car Shows are often about more than just cars and the stories their owners can tell. This is true of the Waterton Wheels Show ‘n’ Shine. For over 15 years, collectors and enthusiasts gather together to spend one of the last weekends of summer here, where the iconic mountain backdrop creates the perfect setting for fun and mixing within the community. The cars line Waterton Ave, with their owners proudly standing by, sharing stories and memories with friends and strangers alike. Hosted by Pat’s Waterton on the final Sunday before Labour Day, door prizes are donated by local businesses. Registration takes place the morning of the event and the memories made will stay with you for years to come.

Wildflowers in Waterton Among our natural riches are the diversity of plants and flowers. In late spring-early summer, Waterton is filled with the aroma of rare Alberta wildflowers. The vibrant colours of these veritable bouquets pop against the green vegetation in spring. You’re in the “Wildflower Capital of Canada.” More than half of Alberta’s plant species are found here. Waterton’s four ecoregions: foothills parkland, montane, subalpine, and alpine are home to 45 vegetation communities. Sixteen of these are rare or fragile and threatened. Waterton’s ecological wonder includes an unusually high number of rare plants – over 175 are provincially rare and more than twenty of these are found only in the Waterton area! Consider taking an e-bike along the Red Rock road to the parkway, a horseback trail ride, or a hike to take in this rare experience in Waterton. Photo Courtesy of Tessa Armstrong

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Events In Waterton

A Taste of Waterton Dates TBA This mountain town may be small, but it compensates with flair that boldly showcases local talent. Primarily family-owned restaurants, they serve a variety of casual comfort food combining the best of nearby bounty, ranging from bison to Saskatoon berries. During these ten days, our local businesses will offer featured menus and “foodie” activities which include the very popular ‘Pie Cruise’ with the Shoreline Cruise Company, chef table dinners and social nights at the Thirsty Bear Kitchen + Bar. This festival is a great way to launch into summer with a taste of that local Waterton flavour. Don’t miss it! Visit mywaterton.ca for details.


MAIN STREET . 403.859.2211 . www.thirstybearwaterton.com


#mywaterton | 29

Events In Waterton nard Heinonen

Photo Courtesy of Leo

Photo Courtesy of Jessica Ger




Wildlife in Waterton Wildlife watchers are never disappointed. The grasslands covering the lower mountain sides provide important food sources attracting wildlife; as well as open views which make them more visible here. It is common to see some sort of wildlife in Waterton whether it be a black bear on the side of a hill or big horn sheep in the village. All year, wildlife wanders the townsite or can be found resting on a resident’s lawn. This guaranteed experience is what makes Waterton so special. Tour the town in a Surrey. This is sure to provide fantastic photo opportunities of our locals (within a safe distance, of course!). The best time to experience these phenomenal glimpses of nature is in early fall. During this time, the bugling call of an elk can be heard or witness the passionate dueling of two male big horn sheep during rutting season. All this within the most gorgeous settings in the Canadian Rockies.

TRAPPERS MOUNTAIN GRILL Start your day with a hearty breakfast, stop in for lunch between hikes and end your day with a frosty mug of

THE COLDEST BEER IN WATERTON and a delicious dinner at Trappers. Choose from a large variety of tasty, homemade dishes in our rustic style restaurant. Trappers is family owned and operated and is Waterton’s only authentic BBQ. We proudly prepare and smoke our meats and trout on site.

While in Waterton stop in for a nice cappuccino or latte and one of many delicious homemade desserts.

Canadian Clothing & Giftware 403-859-2545 30 | mywaterton.ca


PHONE 403-859-2445


Be sure to check out our great events this year Taste of Waterton Dates TBA

Waterton Wheels Show ‘n’ Shine: Last Sunday in August

Season Bird Count

Artisan Fair

Dates TBA

Third Weekend in September

Artisan Fair Dates TBA

Thirsty Bear

Canada Day July 1

Live music on weekends in May, June & September. Every night in July & August.

Parks Day

Season Bird Count

Saturday July 18

December, Date TBD

Home to

Waterton Stage & Screen Live Performances & Concerts Film Festivals Special Screen Events Speaker Presentations Private Event Bookings




Visit MyWaterton.ca/events to find out more about these events For up-to-date information like us and follow us on social media

Current Movies Nightly! www.mywaterton.ca (Under Arts & Entertainment) watertonoperahouse@gmail.com

309 Windflower Avenue

403-859-2467 #mywaterton | 31


After almost a decade, Waterton’s iconic Kilmorey Lodge is finally being rebuilt. Staying true to its reputation of hospitality excellence and pride of service, the Kilmorey will help lead the way into Waterton’s future by providing visitors with a unique and modern facility. A new experience and new memories built on the foundations of the past.

k i l m o r ey l o d g e. c o m

Cowboy Burger A 6 oz beef patty topped with sautéed mushrooms, Swiss cheese, crispy onion rings and smoky BBQ sauce.

In Waterton Lakes Lodge Resort 101 Clematis Ave. | Vimys.com |

Experience Waterton Restaurants

Pearl’s Cafe

Pizza of Waterton

Vimy’s Lounge & Grill

Pearl’s Cafe is the hiker’s hub of Waterton and offers grab-and-go lunches, great coffee, and the best breakfast in town! pearlscafe.ca (403) 859-2660

Pizza of Waterton has been operating in the park for over 20 years and offers mouth-watering pizzas and more for lunch and dinner. pizzaofwaterton.com (403) 859-2660

Casual, family-friendly dining with great variety for breakfast, lunch and dinner. Located in Waterton Lakes Lodge Resort. vimys.com 1-888-985-6343

Crandell Mountain Lodge

Aspen Village

Waterton Lakes Lodge Resort

Crandell has been welcoming guests to Waterton since 1940 and offers the most charming and quaint accommodations in town. crandellmountainlodge.com 1-866-859-2288

Offering Waterton’s widest variety of accommodations, ranging from motel rooms to private family cottages. Many rooms have been recently updated. aspenvillageinn.com 1-888-859-8669

Open year-round, the lodge has 80 rustic rooms with varying layouts and features an indoor pool, hot tub, onsite gift shop and Vimy’s Lounge & Grill. watertonlakeslodge.com 1-888-985-6343


Vimy Peak 2379 m (7805 ft)

Goat Haunt Mountain To Crypt Lake 1980 m (6497 ft)

2634 m (8642 ft) Mount Boswell 2438 m (8002 ft)

Prince of Wales

Middle Waterton Lake

Linnet Lake

Mt. Cleveland 3190 m (10466 ft)

Campbell Mountain 2513 m (8245 ft)

Stoney Indian Peaks (2) 2849 m (9347 ft) Cathedral Peak 2756 m (9042 ft)

Citadel Peaks (4) 2440 m (8005 ft) To Bertha Falls

Goat Haunt USA Canada

Crypt Landing

Mt. Richards 2416 m (7927 ft)

Bertha Bay

Upper Waterton Lake Cameron Bay

Bear’s Hump 1525 m (5003 ft) To Cameron Falls


Waterton Townsite 1280 m (4200 ft)

Emerald Bay

See pg. 36 to learn more about the naming of these mountain peaks

Photo Courtesy of Stephen Harrington

What’s in a Name

The view over Upper Waterton Lake is vast and deep. This is the traditional territory of the Blackfoot Confederacy – the Siksika, Piikani, and Kainai First Nations. Few traditional names have endured. Many of the names now in use celebrate members of the International Boundary Commission. Following the Oregon Treaty of 1846 between Great Britain and the United States, the 49th parallel in western North America became the international boundary. For the next 80 years, survey teams worked to clear and precisely mark that latitude. (See pg. 34 for reference to mountain peaks.)

Mount Cleveland: (3190 m/ 10466 ft) The highest mountain in Glacier National Park, MT, commemorates Stephen Grover Cleveland who, with terms beginning in 1885 and 1893, twice served as president of the US. The mountain rises more than a vertical mile above the shores of Upper Waterton Lake. Its summit is about 8 km south of the Canada/US border.

Mount Crandell: (2381 m/ 7812 ft) The Piikani name for this peak translates as Great Bear Mountain. However, the European name honours Edward Crandell, a Calgary industrialist of the late 19th century, who operated oil wells along Cameron Creek.

Bear’s Hump: This popular viewpoint overlooking both of the Waterton Lakes occupies a crest on Mt Crandell – a peak that the Piikani called Bear Mountain.

Bertha Falls, Bay, Lake & Peak: (2454 m/ 8051 ft) Bertha Ekelund was an early Waterton resident, who became a local star during the Prohibition era. She was the sometime companion of Joe Cosley, a prospector, trapper, guide and one of the first rangers hired by Glacier National Park (USA). Legend has it that Cosley named a lake for her. It had been known as Spirit Lake.

Mount Boswell: (2454 m/ 8051 ft) Named for a surgeon Dr. W.G. Boswell with the British Boundary Commission in 1917.

Crypt Lake & Landing: The Greek “krypte” and Latin “crypta” each mean “hidden place.” Crypt Lake is concealed in a side valley. The lake also drains underground through channels concealed in the limestone bedrock.

Emerald Bay: The official application for the use of this name in 1974 made formal the obvious about this sheltered bay.

Goat Haunt: This area of Montana includes the Goat Haunt ranger station and the headwaters of the Waterton River. The mountain goat was the symbol of the Great Northern Railway. The name may be based on the Blackfoot words “apomahkihkini ozitakaiihi,” meaning “where there are a lot of goats”.

Cameron Bay & Falls: Captain Donald Roderick Cameron served as the British Commissioner to the Northern Boundary Commission, from 1872-1874. 36 | mywaterton.ca

Linnet Lake: The common linnet is an Old-World bird species. Applied to this small kettle pond, the name probably refers to

What’s in a Name a similar relative of the North American finch family – possibly the Pine Siskin, purple finch, or Cassin’s finch.

Vimy Peak (2385 m/ 7825 ft) This mountain commemorates the April 1917 WW1 battle within France, in which Canadian soldiers were instrumental in securing Vimy Ridge.

Prince of Wales Hotel: Built by the Great Northern Railway and opened in 1927, this National Historic Site commemorates Edward, the Prince of Wales and, at the time, heir to the British throne. The naming of the hotel was an attempt to gain publicity by luring the Prince, who was on tour in Canada, into staying at the newly opened hotel. Edward lodged elsewhere on that visit and, later, as King Edward VIII, abdicated the throne, but the name endured.

Charles Waterton was an English eccentric, naturalist, explorer, who roamed South America, the Caribbean, and what would become the north-western US from 1812-1829. He is known for introducing to western medicine, the paralytic compound curare – which he experimented with in South America – and for establishing an aviary in England that housed 800 species. He was also the first to build and deploy nesting boxes for wild birds, and to take polluters to task.

Mount Richards (2377 m/ 7799 ft) George Henry Richards served as the second British commissioner to the International Boundary Commission, 1856-1863.

Waterton Lakes, National Park & Town: One Siksika name for Upper Waterton Lake, “Pacht-omachk-sikimi,” means “Big Inside Water” – describing a large lake which is surrounded by mountains. With a length of 11.1 km and a maximum depth of 148 m, Upper Waterton Lake is indeed “big water”.

Thomas Blakiston was part of the 1858 Palliser Expedition, sent by the British government to explore western British North America. Blakiston was a keen observer of nature and hence knew well of Charles Waterton. Blakiston, who was likely the first European to visit the Waterton area, named the lakes after Charles, and a mountain after himself. Charles Waterton never saw the Waterton Lakes. By: Graeme Pole

A Classic Waterton Experience Inspired by British tradition, Afternoon Tea features a selection of teas from Tea Forté and a variety of delectable sandwich squares and pastries. Tea is served in the Prince of Wales Hotel lobby, which overlooks Waterton Lake for some of the most spectacular views around. Open daily from 1pm to 5pm during the Prince

This place. This moment. This view.

of Wales operating season

High Tea at the Prince of Wales Hotel — a classic Waterton experience. Now accepting reservations.


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The Village of Waterton

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The Village of Waterton

#mywaterton | 39

ALL IN THE FAMILY What makes this place so unique? Is it the crystal-clear mountain lakes? Is it the charm? There’s no denying that Waterton is special. And part of what makes this quaint little community magical is the warm sense of comfort that envelopes when you arrive. It’s like… coming home. And why not? The folks here are family. You won’t find any big retail chains here, just small businesses, owned and operated by the people you meet in the stores. They’re the folks you bump elbows with on the streets. Visit MyWaterton.ca to see all of the family-run businesses that make up our great community.

THE KRETZ/ROBINSON FAMILY Waterton Shoreline Cruise Co. & 49 Degrees North Pizza Waterton’s tour boat company is family-owned and dates back to the early 1950’s. Over the years, the family built four tour boats and then purchased the Historic M.V. International in 1986. An ongoing restoration of the 92-year-old historic vessel reflects the family’s commitment to preserving and sharing the history of the park. The third generation includes six young men, all Captains and Tour Guides, who ensure an informative and entertaining cruise, considered one of the ‘must-do’ activities in Waterton.

THE SULEMAN FAMILY Bayshore Inn Resort & Spa, and Waterton-Glacier Suites Celebrating 30 years in Waterton Park, the Suleman family owns and operates the Bayshore Inn Resort & Spa and the Waterton Glacier Suites. Once refugees from Africa this family had all of their holdings seized by an African dictator. They landed in Canada and soon re-established themselves. Now onto the third generation the Sulemans have proudly made their hotels and restaurants some the highest rated in the park. Remembering their roots and early struggles, they give back by helping refugees and building schools overseas.

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THE BAKER FAMILY Tamarack, Waterton’s Outdoor Store & Waterton Outdoor Adventures Waterton roots run deep for the Baker family. Six generations have called the park home since 1922. Today, the family owns and operates the Tamarack, Waterton’s Outdoor Store and Waterton Outdoor Adventures, an adventure travel company. Work and play in the mountains of Waterton are what keeps their love strong for the people and the place. They welcome you to their backyard and encourage you to explore and create your own Waterton memories!

THE UIBEL FAMILY Caribou Clothes, Big Scoop, Bear Country Inn, & Bear Mountain Motel Ross Uibel started working at the Prince of Wales Hotel in 1958 and continued working summers until 1969. In 1977, he opened the family’s first gift and clothing store, Caribou Clothes. In 1986, he built the current home for Big Scoop Ice Cream Parlor, The Big Chunk Fudge shop and Caribou Clothes, and they’ve been operating here ever since. Their business in the neighbouring town of Mountain View is run by the 3rd generation of Uibels. The family is what life is all about and they love to help and serve the community.

THE WEST FAMILY Trappers Mountain Grill and Smokehouse It has always been about food! From groceries to restaurants, the West family has provided sustenance for visitors and locals alike. With generations of knowledge, the West family strives to be innovative and bring ideas that will delight the taste buds of hungry travellers, from near and far. They hope their love for the mountains, great food and friendships, old and new, will continue with each new season.

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THE COOK FAMILY Rocky Mountain General Store & Subway Layne and Stacey Cook opened the Subway Restaurant in 2002. In 2011, they purchased the local grocery store. After a winter of renovations, the family was excited for this great opportunity to put both business under the same roof. The Cook family has enjoyed working together at Subway and Rocky Mountain General Store. Waterton is a great place to spend the summer. When they are not in Waterton you can find them at the family cattle ranch south of Cardston.

THE BARRUS/WATSON FAMILY Alpine Stables Beginning in 1969, Dee and Lorna Barrus, along with their children built Alpine Stables from the ground up. Since that time the Barrus family has grown - now into the 5th generation. Many friends and family members have shared in both the work and the splendor of riding in the mountains. Sadly, the Kenow Fire in 2017 destroyed all the original barns and houses. However, the Barrus family carried on. Alpine Stables is proud to be celebrating 50 years of making memories on horseback in Waterton and looking forward to this new chapter.

THE CRUICKSHANK FAMILY Zum’s Eatery, Beaver Tails, Evergreen Gifts & Akamina Gifts Serving Alberta’s southwest tourism community for over 40 years, the Cruickshank family is 5 generations strong. From Zum’s Eatery to Evergreen and Akamina Gifts, to the recently opened Beaver Tails, the Cruickshank family present a quality culinary experience and great gift ideas for park visitors.

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THE WAMMES FAMILY Pat’s Waterton - Rentals The Wammes family is thrilled and honoured to carry on the Pat’s Waterton tradition of fun rentals! Their roots run deep in the park, with a 4th generation member now joining the family history of working, playing, and living in Waterton! Come into Pat’s, and you’ll find at least one family member, and some great staff who will be readily available and happy to help you! We love this spectacular corner of the world and hope your visit here will give you cherished lifetime memories!

THE CRAIG FAMILY Waterton Lakes Lodge Resort, Crandell Mountain Lodge, Aspen Village Lockey and Barbara Craig have ancestry rooted in the early days of Waterton Park, where family members lived, hunted, and associated with Kootenai Brown. Both Craigs grew up loving Waterton as the favourite family getaway and these roots brought them back to Waterton 13 years ago to operate Waterton Lakes Lodge and Crandell Mountain Lodge. They love spending time with the good people who live in, work in, and visit Waterton, and are excited to rebuild Kilmorey Lodge. Watch for its opening in 2020!

LOW FAMILY Wieners of Waterton & Waffleton Growing up hiking its mountains, Waterton grew in the hearts of brothers, Max and Jon Low. After graduating from university in 2010, they opened a little business that would quickly become a household name for locals and visitors alike. They’ve worked diligently to bring smiles to the faces, and comfort to the bellies, of their customers with a focus on customer experience. Their staff has multiplied to meet the growing demand, but the friendly atmosphere remains the same. “We want people to have an unforgettable hot dog experience!”

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Say YES to a Waterton Wedding

Visualize yourself being pampered at the spa, relaxed and stressfree, the day before you say “I do” with your soul mate. What are your guests doing? They could be hiking, golfing, horseback riding, Surrey cruising, or paddle boarding. It doesn’t matter, because without a doubt, they’re immersed in Waterton’s magic, soaking in the many unique experiences available.

Make the most of your Waterton wedding:

But what about the planning? Already done! Several venues offer local wedding experts to ensure that, large or small, your wedding is as intimate as this charmed mountain village. Small gatherings of up to 25 people can be considered for public areas of the Waterton Lakes such as picnic areas, along the lake and other day-use areas. A Small Gathering Application form will need to be submitted for review by Parks Canada. Your wedding coordinator will have all the secrets and their lips aren’t sealed. In fact, they are ready and willing to share their experiences with you. Some of them were married here too!

USE your coordinator - they are here to help!

I f a winter wedding is your dream, Waterton is a great destination. Quiet, intimate and romantic. This is when the real magic of Waterton comes alive. 44 | mywaterton.ca

Book EARLY - Waterton is a popular wedding destination (for good reason!) so be sure to have your venue and guest rooms booked in advance. For more information on small gatherings of up to 25 people visit parkscanada.gc.ca/waterton-rental.

Use LOCAL photographers. We are not biased. They grew up using Waterton’s backdrop as their training ground. They know the best locations to take stunning photos that will keep all your memories alive. Coordinators at every venue are sure to have a list to reference! Your photographer needs a business license to take photos in Waterton Lakes National Park. for more information please visit parkscanada.gc.ca/waterton-permit. Note: Alcohol is not permitted in public places, in compliance with the Gaming and Liquor Control Act of Alberta.

Magical Backdrops Waterton offers you a quiet, unique and charming destination in a bouquet of romance. There are many reasons to have your wedding or any other special event here. Some of the best locations for spectacular engagement or wedding photos are listed below: Cameron Falls - You don’t have to venture far to Cameron Falls, in the heart of the park. Nestled on the outskirts of the townsite, this waterfall sings to the tune of love as a light mist of water sprinkles your face, a gentle nudge to keep you in the present. Red Rock Canyon - If red is the color of love, this deep canyon is filled with it. Exclusive to Waterton, and a photographer’s dream, the vivid, red sandstone provides a magical backdrop to capture the love you share in a digital keepsake of your special day that will last forever. The Village - The majestic mountains surround the townsite as though they are sealing in the magic found here. The charm is both inviting and alluring. Waterton may be smaller than most other mountain communities, but that is what makes it special. This village is one of the best kept secrets in the Rockies, which is why it is the most intimate place to be married.

Waterton Lakes - The village was built adjacent to the deepest lakes in the Canadian Rockies. Upper Waterton Lake is cradled by the mountains here, creating an iconic valley vista. No doubt you’ve seen photos of this amazing landscape in travel guides, and on Facebook and your Instagram feed. This is because it’s simply that beautiful. And it’s only offered here! Dark Sky Preserve - Exceptional starry nights make the complete package, or as they say, it’s the icing on the (wedding) cake. Dark skies are rare but in Waterton, your wedding photos will be breathtaking with the clear backdrop of the constellations. Boat Cruise - Imagine standing up and saying your vows aboard a cruise boat at sunset in the romantic Canadian Rockies! This international boat cruise sets Waterton apart from any other mountain town, and the family that operates it is the definition of true Waterton hospitality.

Spoil Yourself at the Serenity Spa

Jade Stone Massage | Deep Tissue Massage | Aromatherapy | Couples Massage Manicures & Pedicures | Eminence Facial Treatments | Berry Eye Treatment | Waxing Visit us at the Bayshore Inn Resort & Spa 403.859.2404 | serenityspawaterton.com We use all natural Eminence Organic Skin Care products

BOOK ONLINE! #mywaterton | 45

Retail Therapy

No town is complete without retail. Waterton has dozens of stores, so you can pick up the essentials you may have forgotten or purchase some keepsakes to take home. • All Waterton shops are independently owned and operated. So here, more often than not, you’ll be talking with the owner or their family members. We’re proud of the highquality goods and exceptional customer service we offer.

• Our local gallery carries an assortment of paintings, glassware, and pottery from well-known Canadian artists including many works that feature our spectacular landscapes. Make sure to take a piece of Waterton home with you.

• Shops carry unique men’s and ladies’ clothing, such as sheepskin and moose hide, as well as the best in mountain lifestyle clothing and gear. In our many boutiques, you will discover jewelry, high-end ladies fashion, and accessories.

• Our local merchants will set you up for all your camping gear, fresh produce, food, and beverage needs for a memorable weekend with your friends and family. Forgot something at home? No problems!

• The local candy shops are filled with yummy offerings to satisfy your sweet tooth. With more choices than you could imagine, discover the waffle cones, fudge, frozen yogurt, banana splits, chocolate, espresso shakes, and that special treat that warmed your heart as a child.

• Before you leave, remember to pick up a souvenir for that special someone in your life. Looking for a tee shirt or hoody? No worries. Our gift stores are filled with authentic Canadian treasures: from maple syrup to wildlife memorabilia, and books about Waterton’s unique flowers and wildlife.

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www.caribouclothes.com 403-859-2346 www.caribouclothes.com 403-859-2346

Ice Big Cream Scoop Ice Cream

Big Scoop Ice C

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Experience Cycling

Cycling Trail

Round Trip Distance Km (Miles)

Trail Description

Waterton Village

3.2 (2)

The multi-use trail circles the village and meanders along the shoreline. Wheelchairs and bikes can easily maneuver this trail, often busy with pedestrians.

Wishbone Trail

13 (8.1)

Trailhead Access: 0.5 km along Chief Mountain Highway. This is a relatively flat and wide trail. Towards the end it becomes narrow and you have to ford Sofa Creek. Cycling is not permitted past the Vimy Trail Junction.

Kootenai Brown Trail

13.8 (8.6)

Trailhead Access: park gate and Linnet Lake parking lot. A scenic multi-use paved trail parallels the park entrance road from the park gate to Linnet Lake parking lot. Unparalleled views of Waterton lakes and surrounding mountains.

Snowshoe Trail

16.4 (10.2)

Trailhead Access: Red Rock Canyon parking lot. This wide, rolling trail is a good choice for beginner cyclists.

Bike rentals available in the village

WATERTON’S ONE STOP SHOP Made in Canada clothing • Slushies • Snacks • Canadian Maple Syrup • Fresh Popcorn Hot Coffee • Gas and Propane • Firewood • Ice • Memory Cards Local Jerky • Souvenirs • and so much more

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STOP 48 | mywaterton.ca




Experience Our Indigenous Culture Waterton Lakes National Park is part of the traditional territory and place of significance for the Ni’tsitápi (Blackfoot People). Waterton Lakes National Park was a place of significance to other Indigenous Nations who used the area for hunting, fishing, trade and ceremonies. There is evidence of Indigenous presence for at least 10,000 years in Waterton. There are signs of ancient campsites, tipi rings, hearths and bison drive lanes among the large number of archeological sites in the park. The Kenow Wildfire of 2017 uncovered a significant number of these cultural features, providing archeologists with a unique opportunity to explore how the area has been used through time. Parks Canada archeologists will continue to work with the Ni’tsitápi (Blackfoot People) to help understand these connections and share stories about the rich cultural history of Waterton Lakes National Park. In 2020, be on the lookout for newly installed Indigenous interpretive panels throughout Waterton Lakes National Park. Parks Canada and an Indigenous designer created the panels in consultation with the Ni’tsitápi. They provide a unique description of the area and describe its significance to these aborignal peoples. The Waterton Lakes National Park is part of a rich cultural landscape that has been intertwined with local history and traditional Indigenous customs for thousands of years. The land, water, air, animals and plants are all interconnected with significant meaning. They are woven together into the fabric of contemporary Ni’tsitápi life. Through collaboration to offer programs and events that share Indigenous culture and knowledge with thousands of visitors each year this connection between Parks Canada and the Ni’tsitápi continues today.

Discover more by attending one of these programs in 2020: Blackfoot Drums and Dance Blackfoot Crafts and Stories Blackfoot Storytelling Sticks, Stones & Bison Bones

#mywaterton | 49


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Experience Our Dark Skies When the sun sets in Waterton, tilt your gaze to the night sky and be amazed. As urban centers continue to expand, artificial light pollution further encroaches upon the natural light that burns brightly above. However, our International Peace Park is committed to providing an astounding astronomical experience and protect it for the benefit of future generations. An International Dark Sky Park is an area protected for natural conservation that possesses an exceptional starry night sky. With only 100 Dark Sky Designations on Earth, Waterton-Glacier International Peace Park became the world’s first international trans-boundary Dark Sky Park in 2017. We must use dark sky compliant light fixtures and provide programs while continually investing in new dark sky initiatives to receive this designation.

Waterton Stargazing Experiences If you don’t have binoculars, no problems! You can still expect to see thousands of stars twinkling overhead. And depending on the time of your visit, there may be opportunities to observe: • Craters on the face of a full moon • The Milky Way on a night without moonlight • A clear visual of a meteor shower • Northern Lights - you can frequently catch a glimpse!

Local Tip: A telescope will enhance the experience but for those who are new to astronomy or without stargazing equipment, inquire about Parks Canada’s interpretive offerings, or sign up for a night time tour, provided by local tour companies.

Top Three reasons for maintaining dark skies: 1. They’ve been proven to positively impact human health 2. Dark skies are crucial for the continued survival of the many nocturnal species found in the area 3. They are an awe-inspiring experience

You can make a difference: Help care for our dark sky environment by getting involved in reducing light pollution at home too! Speak with Parks Canada staff or local Waterton tour guides to learn more.

New in 2020: The Waterton Planetarium! Indoor Dome Planetarium offers 360° views of the cosmos Certified local Guides passionately help you explore the Dark Skies Small group sizes ensure a personal, safe, authentic experience Quality Telescopes/Stargazing Binoculars

#mywaterton | 51

What to do on a Rainy Day

When the sound of thunder and rain echoes across the valley, there are lots of fun activities to keep you entertained while visiting Waterton. Check out these ideas! BOARD GAMES Most hotels have board games – just check at the front desk! Or, check out our shops downtown. Many of them offer playing cards, board games, and other fun indoor games that you can share with the kids. There’s something special about playing family games on a rainy day while on vacation! PAMPER YOURSELF Shift your focus to reconnecting not just with nature but with yourself. Treat yourself to a massage, pedicure or the whole works and feel completely relaxed and rejuvenated. CAFÉ CURL-UP Grab a cup of cocoa, coffee or other hot beverage and perhaps your favourite sweet, at any one of the restaurants in town! HIGH TEA AT THE PRINCE OF WALES Enjoy a selection of teas and a variety of sandwiches, squares and pastries while overlooking the Waterton Lakes. 52 | mywaterton.ca

CATCH A MOVIE With vintage seats and historical charm, the Waterton Lakes Opera House Movie Theatre is the place to watch a favourite flick and enjoy fresh buttered popcorn. PICNIC IN CAMP SHELTERS BY THE LAKESHORE Fun is what you make it and listening to the rain bounce off the roof while enjoying a picnic or hot beverage is a Waterton experience you will remember forever. LIVE ENTERTAINMENT / LIVE BANDS Some restaurants regularly bring in local artists, so leave the entertaining to professionals and go sing along! STAY ACTIVE INDOORS Go swimming! If you do not have access to a pool, purchase a pass from Waterton Lakes Lodge. It is also equipped with a hot tub and dry sauna. You can crank up the music and break out a sweat to the view of the majestic mountains.

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Winter Wonderland

Photo Courtesy of Travel Alberta / John Price

There is something magical about Waterton in the winter In the winter, the park and especially the village, are filled with a deep, peaceful quiet that is impossible to replicate anywhere else. Snow and ice transform Waterton into a frozen haven.

hotel rooms, to romantic deluxe suites with fireplaces and jetted tubs, to full kitchen suites. Many rooms have excellent views of the surrounding mountains.

The roads are plowed but there’s only a handful of people using them. When you walk down the street, the only sound you hear is snow crunching under your boots, breaking the golden silence. Your companions are the local herds of elk, deer, and mountain sheep as they trek to another stand of willow to chew. At night, the stars add magic in the way they reflect brightly off the snow and light up the town. The best part is most times, you get to enjoy this all to yourself.

Dining choices are limited but provide you with an excellent culinary experience. Red Rock Trattoria is Waterton’s newest restaurant. It is located in the Waterton Glacier Suites, with a beautiful décor and delightful menu, it is a must, when visiting. Historically, the Vimy’s Lounge and Grill offered up plentiful portions of delicious food. However, starting in 2020, expect to see the Crandell Mountain Lodge and newly rebuild Kilmorey Lodge open during the winter months!

This is the time to visit, unplug, relax and rejuvenate. This is the perfect place for some ME or US time. Fireplaces are blazing and there’s plenty of warmth to share among those who make Waterton their home. Grab a book, sit by the fire and relax or cuddle. Most of the tourism operators shut down for the season but a few lodges stay open just for you and they offer fantastic winter specials. Accommodations range from standard

Things to do in the winter Cross-country skiing: This is a good place to get off the beaten path. Terrain is mostly ungroomed as fewer visitors frequent this area in the winter. It really is the best hidden secret. And what better way to uncover them than to glide along an ungroomed trail, weaving through the trees, and inhaling that crisp alpine air while creating your own path.

54 | mywaterton.ca

Winter Wonderland Snow-shoeing: Bertha Point promises jaw-dropping views of the Waterton Valley and Prince of Wales Hotel. The best way to experience this is snow-shoeing this short trail and is a great workout and will leave you exhausted but rejuvenated at the same time. If you are needing extra adventure, carry on the trail to Bertha Falls, you won’t be disappointed. Wildlife Viewing: If this is on your bucket list be sure to check out the Blakiston Fan, which is south of the Entrance Parkway between Lower and Middle Waterton Lakes. This area typically hosts hundreds of elk and if you linger you might just see them crossing the Waterton River. Snow, mud and sand are great for discovering signs of wildlife. For fun, search for wildlife tracks and try to determine the animals that made them.

Walk the Townsite: When you are ready to stretch your legs and inhale the remarkably crisp and fresh mountain air, take a hike through town to the partially frozen Cameron Falls. Or walk along the Townsite Trail to Emerald Bay and explore the Prince of Wales lookout and the Linnet Lake Loop. Some other fun things to do in Waterton in the winter include tobogganing the Prince of Wales hill, camping at the Pass Creek picnic site, ice skating, bird watching, fat biking, stargazing and taking amazing photographs. It simply does not matter if you prefer solitude or adventure, experience Waterton this winter! Note: water and barrier free washrooms are available at the Fire Hall and at Cameron Falls.

Identifying Wildlife Tracks: snow, mud and sand are great for discovering signs of wildlife. You may not be able to see the animal, but you will know it has passed by. Try to determine what animals made the tracks. Finding these wildlife tracks can be an adventure for the whole family. Parks Canada’s wildlife safety tips at parkscanada.gc.ca/wild-in-waterton



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Waterton’s Wildlife

Photos Courtesy of Leonard Heinonen

Photos Courtesy of Maria Powell

Waterton Lakes National Park, a wildlife-watcher’s paradise, is home to moose, bear, elk, deer, lynx and 57 other mammals, not to mention 250 species of birds – all in this 505 sq. km. protected area. And there’s ample opportunity to capture a photograph of these beautiful creatures in their natural habitat. Often the townsite and roadways will be congested with deer or big horn sheep and the odds are good that you’ll see ground squirrels scurrying by. When hiking, don’t be surprised if you come across fresh laid tracks, diggings, or scat indicating the recent presence of wildlife. Waterton supports an abundance of wildlife because of the four ecoregions within the park. Each ecoregion hosts unique plant life, which in turn, supports distinct wildlife. In addition, the park is located within close proximity to other well-managed areas each of which also provides a diverse habitat where an array of plants and animal can thrive. If you love wildlife viewing, September is an ideal month to visit the park. Deer, elk and bighorn sheep mate in the fall, so they are looking their best; with antlers at peak growth and thick, shiny coats. This is also the time of year when you can hear the bugling of the majestic bull elk and see their large harems or watch the head-butting tests of strength by bighorn sheep. Black bears are often seen feeding in berry patches in the lower valleys at this time of year too, but remember to… 56 | mywaterton.ca

Photos Courtesy of John Krampl

Be Bear Aware • When hiking in bear country, make sure to announce your presence to wildlife by talking loudly, singing or clapping. • Hiking with four or more people is recommended. • If you do encounter a bear, stay calm and talk to the bear as you back away slowly. Do not turn your back. Remain in the group and attempt to make yourself appear bigger. Pick up your small children. Do not drop your backpack. Keep bear spray accessible and make sure you know how to use it. • In the unlikely event that you encounter a cougar or wolf, immediately pick up small children and pets. Make yourself as large as possible. Maintain eye contact and back away slowly. Do not run and do not play dead. Best Time of Day to View Wildlife Wildlife tend to be less active during the day, plan to go during the early morning hours, in the late afternoon, or early evening. Best Places to View Wildlife • Townsite: Bighorn sheep, deer and ground squirrels are commonly seen and typically stay still long enough for the camera, as long as you are shooting from a safe distance. • Park’s Grasslands: This distinct area is often referred to as “Where the Mountains Meet the Prairies”. It provides important range for elk, mule deer, and white-tailed deer. • Mountain Trails: If you feel like you are being watched, you just might be! Small mammals, birds, deer, and bighorn sheep are commonly seen along mountain trails.

Wildlife Safety Tips The abundance of wildlife is one of Waterton’s biggest draws. However, it is important that we keep the ‘Wild’ in Wildlife. We have a big role to play in helping to keep wildlife safe. For your own health and safety, please keep the following in mind: Do not feed the animals: Many animals may seem tame, Keep your distance: Although it’s tempting to get close but feeding them endangers yourself, the animal, and other visitors. Animals become aggressive when looking for handouts (even the smallest critters, such as squirrels). It is also illegal in accordance with the Canada National Parks Act.

to wildlife for a better look, or a selfie, this action disturbs the animal, and in many cases, they become aggressive and dangerous. It is recommended to stay at least 30 m (100 ft) away from large mammals – and even farther away from bears.

Store food safely: Keep food in your vehicle or out of reach Drive carefully: The most common cause of premature death of animals. Just leaving it in a cooler isn’t good enough.

Keep pets on a lead: It is illegal to have pets off-leash in a national park. Some wild animals will demonstrate aggressive behavior towards pets, especially dogs.

for large mammals is being hit by vehicles. If you spot wildlife while driving, pull your vehicle fully onto the shoulder of the road to avoid being hit by other vehicles. For your own safety, and the safety of the animal, please remain in your vehicle, especially if you see a bear or a bull elk.

Consult Parks Canada for more wildlife viewing and safety tips: parkscanada.gc.ca/waterton-wildlife


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Happy Trails The authentic western way of life is still alive in Alberta. Waterton is the southernmost community along Hwy 22, affectionately known as The Cowboy Trail. If you are heading north, drive this scenic route along the eastern slopes of the Canadian Rockies and be sure to stop at the Bar U Ranch, a National Historic Site operated by Parks Canada. For more about what you can see and do along this incredible 700 km journey, be sure to pick up a copy of Experience Western Adventures and Cowboy Trails. Canada’s Mormon Trail is a 2-4 hour self-guided driving tour in Alberta near the Waterton-Glacier International Peace Park. Located just 45 minutes east of Waterton, along Hwy 5, the town of Cardston is the westernmost community on this trail. Here you will find the Remington Carriage Museum which features more than 250 horsedrawn vehicles. Three other communities belong to the Mormon Trail, namely: Magrath, Raymond and Stirling. Historically, 2 of the 4 towns host Alberta’s Chautauqua a

festival of local history with lively entertainment and tons of wholesome family fun. The North-West Mounted Police (NWMP) was the forerunner of the Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP). You probably recognize the scarlet tunic and blue trousers of this, Canada’s iconic federal police force. Established in 1873, the NWMP was modelled after the Royal Irish Constabulary. Reports stressed the symbolic importance of the traditional British army uniform among First Nations. The NWMP ended the whiskey trade on the southern prairies and the violence that came with it. The Fort Museum is located 75 minutes northeast of Waterton, in Fort MacLeod. The museum is dedicated to preserving the history of the NWMP and First Nations People. It was first opened in 1957 and started its world famous Musical Ride in 1973. nwmpmuseum.com

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Waterton’s Historic Boats M.V. International Built on Waterton Lake in 1927, the 165-passenger Historic M.V. International shuttles passengers across the liquid border shimmering between Goat Haunt, Montana and Emerald Bay in Waterton Park, Alberta. Once upon a time, during the days of Alberta’s so-called Blue-Laws, the vessel was used as a boat of festivities, so that people could step aboard to enjoy music, dance and drink in Montana (outside of Alberta’s jurisdiction.) The International is part of the fleet, manned by the

Waterton’s Wreck: The Gertrude Below the depths of Emerald Bay lies the steam paddle wheeler, “Gertrude”. Built in 1907 on Maskinonge Lake in Waterton, she was originally used as a work boat for a nearby sawmill, but eventually transitioned into a tea room and restaurant moored in Emerald Bay. In 1918, Gertrude was deliberately scuttled in the bay and is now a popular destination for scuba diving enthusiasts with a penchant for history.

family, owned-and-operated by the Waterton Shoreline Cruise Company. It is the oldest operating passenger vessel in Canada. The International is a wooden ship of cedar and fir planking on oak frames and is continuously

Historical Photos can be found at: cardstonhistoricalsociety.org/waterton_park

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Experience Waterton’s History International Peace Park Dedication Ceremony from 1936 Courtesy of Parks Canada

The area that we now call Waterton Lakes National Park has a long history with nomadic Indigenous peoples who first arrived here after the last glacial retreat, more than 10,000 years ago. They followed herds of migrating bison and would camp, hunt, and gather plants along the waterways here.

The introduction of horses (circa 1725) changed everything. First Nations began to hunt buffalo from horseback and were also able to expand their territories. The arrival of Europeans brought the first wave of small pox among the indigenous comminites which decimated the population at the time. It wasn’t until 1858 that the first European visited the area. Lieutenant Thomas Blakiston was a member of the Palliser Expedition, tasked by the learned Royal Geographical Society of England with discovering a route through the mountains to the Pacific coast. On a scouting expedition, Blakiston came

60 | mywaterton.ca

Experience Waterton’s History across the three large lakes here and named them “Waterton”, as a tribute to Sir Charles Waterton, a well-known naturalist. John George “Kootenai” (long hair) Brown arrived in 1865. Years later, he returned here to hunt, fish, trade, guide and ranch. In 1911, he became Waterton’s first Park Superintendent and was a key player in the evolution of the park’s conservation policies. In 1932, Waterton Lakes National Park, along with Glacier National Park in Montana, United States became the world’s first International Peace Park. Recognizing its significance in ecological diversity and its model of cooperation and good will, our Peace Park was also officially designated a UNESCO Natural World Heritage Site in 1995. The park has two national historic sites located within its boundaries: The First Oil Well in Western Canada National Historic Site (NHS) was designated in 1968. Similiarily, the Prince of Wales Hotel NHS was designated in 1995.

Kootenai Brown (circa 1910), Courtesy of Glenbow Archives (NA-1234-5

Make memories at the Waterton Community Centre Photos Courtesy of Ryanne Hollies Photography

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#mywaterton | 61

Experiences in Nearby Castle Provincial Park

My transition from working within Kananaskis Country to the Castle Region in Southwestern Alberta has made this last year disappear in the blink of an eye. As a beloved getaway for many Calgarians, Kananaskis is often swarming with hordes of hikers. In contrast, the new Castle Provincial Parks are quiet refuges full of hidden gems in the Crown of the Continent. It’s exciting to discover the newly reclaimed hiking trails and escape into genuine reconnection and solitude. The change of land designation to provincial park status was announced on September 4th, 2015. I was lucky to have the Senior Park Planners share my office during the park creation. What is fascinating to me is that the Castle lands were once a part of Waterton Lakes National Park, but were removed in 1921 to open up for resource extraction. These parks still share a boundary and provide protection to the biodiversity, water, and land. Overall, the key goal is to manage the land and ensure a careful balance between recreational activities and preserving the wilderness for future generations. With my tales of the dramatic landscape, animal sightings, and waterfalls, my friends and family started to ask me to plan weekend excursions for them. Throughout the summer, I was tasked with tailoring an itinerary for my dear friends and their young children, my retired RVing in-laws, and plan a romantic getaway for my husband and myself. 62 | mywaterton.ca

Lots of Lakes – Tenting under Table Mountain The children, 5 and 7, chattered excitedly as a massive moose loped across the meadow near the highway to Beaver Mines Lake Campground. This site offers both first-come, first-serve camping spots and reservable spaces for tents and RVs. Interpretive Loop Hike - Once we set up our tents, we decided to stretch our legs on this easy hike. As you explore the 1 km walk, information panels tease you with facts about the local flora and fauna. The evening was capped off with hot dogs, and s’mores, along with tame ghost stories under the constellations. Table Mountain Hike - Climbing up out of the valley at the campground, we took our time at a slow pace with ample breaks for trail mix and water. Eight hours later, we were rewarded with spectacular aerial views of Beaver Mines and Waterton lakes. Waterton Lake – After a hearty breakfast and coffee at rustic Café in Pincher Creek, the kids were thrilled kids to meander the boardwalk along Waterton lake, pour over the informational signs and dip their feet in the refreshing lake waters. Butcher Lake - This secret gem off of Hwy 6 offers picturesque views and fishing opportunities. The children watched in amazement as avid fishing gurus pulled up their catches. Over 3,000 Brook trout are stocked here! Above the lake, the meadow

Experiences in Nearby Castle Provincial Park is alive with a dazzling display of wildflowers. It was the perfect spot for reading a story and napping in the sunshine on our picnic blanket. Fit for a Queen and King - Romantic Getaway in Comfort Cabins In August, I planned a mid-week excursion to celebrate our anniversary. We opted for the comfort cabins at Castle River Bridge, which is essentially a hotel room in the heart of the forest. The lack of cell service and internet added to our connection with nature and each other. Though the cabins are outfitted with solar panels for electricity, we illuminated the cabin with candles and hand lanterns for a romantic atmosphere. The highlight was cuddling under a blanket as we star gazed near the sandstone cliffs, sipping homemade hot chocolate topped with roasted marshmallows. The lush queen sized bed in our cabin was divine. To cap off the celebration, we went into the town of Waterton for a mouth-watering brunch. Go Chasing Waterfalls - RVing in the Southwest Parks My in-laws are campers with discerning tastes; they require power and ample space for their RV, to stay in cell phone reception range and be in close proximity to full amenities. The campgrounds at Lundbreck Falls are well-situated under a canopy of cottonwoods. If you gush over waterfalls, nearly all of these destinations we visited are accessible at a parking lot or within a short walk to the viewpoint. If you’re up for a challenge, Drywood Falls is worth the effort! Lundbreck Falls - A quick drive from the campground is the namesake waterfall. It was one of the first provincial Parks in 1932. Its beautiful view is accessible from the parking lot, or take the quick walk down to feel the cool spray of the falls. Lower Bertha Falls in Waterton - an iconic part of the Waterton landscape, don’t miss these spectacular waterfalls. After, treat yourself to a lake cruise to relax and unwind. Castle Falls - If you’re eager to avoid the crowds of cliff jumpers, be sure to finish your day at Castle Falls at sunset for serenity near the turquoise pools and falls. Drywood Falls - A perfect introduction to the Front Canyons of the Castle, this hike doesn’t disappoint. After a small elevation you arrive at a stunning 3 m waterfall. How to Book: Young families, retired explorers and couples can all find something to suit their camping style in the Castle Provincial Park. Many of the campsites have been widened in recent years to accommodate newer RV units. All campgrounds are serviced with outhouses, waste and recycling bins, picnic tables, and fire pits. To reserve campsites, group camps, comfort cabins, or to access advisories and other information, please go to albertaparks.ca/castle and click on “Camping.” If you’re seeking dynamic views and opportunities to connect with family and friends, plan your next adventure in the Castle and Waterton parks. Photos and Story By: Shalane Friesen

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#mywaterton | 63

Capture The Moment

Brimming with nature’s magnificence, Waterton Lakes National Park offers many photo opportunities. Use your smart phone or your best camera equipment to capture your memories of the majestic landscapes and your experiences here!

THE RED CHAIRS As you explore Waterton, be sure to keep your eyes open for these iconic chairs, strategically placed at some of the best lookouts in Waterton. Well worth the stop, they are sure to provide a breathtaking viewpoint! (see pg 11)

LAKESHORE Walking along the lakeshore is not only peaceful but provides the best view of the Waterton Valley from the ground. Of course, the best time to take photos here is during the early morning or in the late afternoon.

BERTHA FALLS The hike to Bertha Lake provides stunning views of several waterfalls, including the long cascade of Upper Bertha Falls. This popular trail starts in town on Evergreen Avenue, about 500 m (1640 ft) south of Cameron Falls.

CAMERON FALLS A great backdrop to create a record of those experiences and memories well worth savouring. Situated on the lower flank of Bertha Peak, these waterfalls are a must-see.

DARK SKIES The stars and the moon shine bright in Waterton. On a clear night the dark skies will allow you to capture the Milky Way and possibly even the Northern Lights. (see pg 51)



With the Waterton Lakes sparkling like crystals behind you, this may be the ultimate romantic setting. Take a selfie with your partner while on this must-do activity while here.

Standing tall on the bluff above the town site, this is the perfect place to take several photos with the Waterton Lakes sparkling splendidly in the background.

*Be sure to share your best pics for a chance to win amazing prizes. ExperienceTravelGuides.com/contests

64 | mywaterton.ca

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Photo Courtesy of Brett Magdee

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WIN A Waterton Getaway: 2 Surreys for the hour courtesy of Pat’s Waterton 2 night’s accommodation courtesy of Waterton Lakes Lodge Resort Subject to availability We’d like to know how we did and learn how we can better serve your needs. Please complete and return the following short questionnaire for a chance to Win. Where did you pick up this travel guide?

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IN ALB ERTA SO U THW EST to Calgary Nanton

10 533



MD of Ranchland


MD of Willow Creek



Claresholm 520







Crowsnest Pass


3 3


Frank Bellevue

Blairmore Hillcrest

MD of Pincher Creek

Lundbreck Cowley Beaver Mines





0 0


15 km

British Columbia


Twin Butte

4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10.






Hill Spring



Waterton-Glacier International Peace Park

10 miles


507 6

UNESCO World Heritage Site Border Crossing


Pincher Creek


Castle Mountain






Fort Macleod

Head-Smashed-In Buffalo Jump




Cardston County

Mountain View



Chief Mountain


Alberta Montana


Find Location of Parks, Details of Events and > Activities in the Region at myalbertasouthwest.com

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