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! Grammar%for%Young%Writers% Four%Part%Grammar%Course% Vid6Ebook% ! I. II. III. IV. V. VI. VII.

Introduction!to!Instructor!Corinne!Plett! Video!Page! Lesson!I! a. Presentation!Slides! b. Student!Practice!Pages! Lesson!II! a. Presentation!Slides! b. Student!Practice!Pages! Lesson!II! a. Presentation!Slides! b. Student!Practice!Pages! Lesson!III! a. Presentation!Slides! b. Student!Practice!Pages! Lesson!IV! a. Presentation!Slides! b. Student!Practice!Pages!

! ! ! Presented!by:! Excellent%Resources%for%Excellence%in%Writing% Webster’s%Academy%for%Excellence%in%Writing% 2440!Huckleberry!Road! Mill!Bay,!British!Columbia!V0R!2P4! Toll%Free:%16877682567414% ! http://www.excellentresources.net! http://www.webstersacademy.com! !

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Meet

Corinne Ple , Winnipeg, Manitoba Webster’s Academy Instructor Living out in the country just north of Winnipeg, MB, I am a homeschooling mom with 4 children, the occasional bear, a possible rabbit (our daughter is prac cing caring for one with her stu!ed bunnies), and a herd of deer, which enjoy a daily migratory path right through our yard. We love our life here in the country and the adventures that are part of it! During the summer, we run a week-long day camp on our property. Several of the campers are kids from Africa that are new to Canada. Most come from war-torn countries or refugee camps, so they are thrilled to get out into the country and play hard for a week. One of my passions is schooling my children at home. It has been 11 years now, and we would never trade it! While covering all the basics of math, science, and language arts, we also focus on art, music, sports, history, logic, and La n. Perhaps it is rather “nerdy,” but I actually love La n – the conjuga ng and declining, the explora on of the English language that comes from studying La n. Communica on is another realm we give signi3cant focus to – spoken communica on, primarily through public speaking, and wri4en communica on, centrally through working with the Excellence in Wri ng program. And when not o5cially homeschooling, I love to mountain bike, x-country ski, walk, read, and play badminton with a local club. I am deeply grateful for the rich and signi3cant rela onships in my life, and seek to nurture those in meaningful ways. Studying at Regent College on the UBC campus, I am closing in on a graduate degree in applied theology. Coaching, teaching, and mentoring are all areas I enjoy, and guiding students in the wri ng process brings together my passion for communica on with my enjoyment of teaching.


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by Corinne Plett

LEVEL ONE

GRAMMAR FOR WRITING


We’ll  make  silly  errors  in  our  writing  if  our  punctuation  and   grammar are not correct.

It helps us write sentences that make sense so others can know what our ideas are and what is in our imagination.

Knowing grammar frees our creativity.

Knowing the rules for writing will help make us confident in getting our ideas down and in communicating those in the best writing we can.

Why grammar?


The panda eats, shoots and leaves.


Grammar Saves Lives!!!

Let’s  eat  Grandma.


Idea (something  you  can  name  but  can’t  see  or  touch;;   something you can only think about) – holiday, happiness, accident, surprise, courage, purpose

Thing – toy, puppy, computer, blanket, rock

Place – kitchen, backyard, campground, museum, office, store

Person – mom, cousin, window washer, biker, doctor

A noun is the name of a person, place, thing, or idea.

NOUN:


Central Park The Last Battle Fido

mountain street ocean

park book puppy

A common noun names general people, places, or things. Because they do not name any one person, place, or thing, they are not capitalized.

Common Noun:

Mount Everest Green Street The Pacific Ocean

A proper noun names specific people, places, or things. They are names and must be capitalized.

Proper Noun:


Writing is fun. The puppies are fluffy. I am a hero. Jason was exhausted. The fans were thrilled.

Being – am, is, are, was, were, be, being, been

Actions – swim, cough, skip, laugh, eat, play, turn, look, sit, ride

A verb expresses action or being.

VERB:


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! Nouns! ! A!noun!is!the!name!of!a!person,!place,!thing,!or!idea.! ! Look$for$the$underlined$noun$in$each$sentence.$$On$the$line,$write$if$the$noun$is$a$ person,$place,$thing,$or$idea.$ ! 1.!The!museum!is!closed!on!Sunday.__________________________! 2.!The!car!was!parked!in!front!of!the!house.!__________________________! 3.!She!was!trying!to!catch!the!ball.!______________________________! 4.!I!could!not!see!the!boy!in!the!crowd.!________________________________! 5.!Chips!are!my!favorite!snack.!_________________________________! 6.!Happiness!is!reading!a!good!book.!________________________________! 7.!I!checked!out!two!books!from!the!library.!______________________________! 8.!My!teacher!is!very!nice!to!the!class.!_________________________________! 9.!We!watched!the!last!leaf!fall.!___________________________________! 10.!We!can!gain!wisdom!by!listening!to!wise!people.!________________________________! 11.!He!left!his!backpack!at!the!school.!__________________________________! 12.!The!doctor!gave!me!a!shot.!_________________________________!

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! Nouns! ! A!noun!is!the!name!of!a!person,!place,!thing,!or!idea.! ! Write$a$noun$on$the$line$to$complete$the$sentence.$ $ Is$what$you$wrote$a$person,$place,$thing,$or$idea?$ ! !

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1. A!___________________________________!was!barking!all!night!long.! ! 2. We!drove!to!town!in!a!________________________________________.! ! 3. I!live!in!a!white!____________________________________!on!Main!Street.! 4. My!_____________________________________!taught!me!how!to!write!in!cursive.! ! 5. We!go!to!the!_________________________________!to!buy!food!and!clothes.! 6. You!can!check!out!two!books!from!the!____________________________________.! ! 7. The!_____________________________________!delivered!a!letter!to!our!house.! 8. She!plays!the!_______________________________________!in!music!class.! ! 9. I!had!a!piece!of!__________________________________________!for!lunch.! ! 10. We!went!to!the!_________________________________________!and!played!football.! !

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! Common!and!Proper!Nouns! !

Write$the$name$of$a$proper$noun$beside$each$of$the$common$nouns$below.$$ Remember$that$a$proper$noun$always$begins$with$a$capital$letter.$ ! restaurant! ! ! park! ! ! girl! ! ! teacher! ! ! truck!! ! ! school! ! ! store! ! ! movie! ! ! boy! ! ! dog! ! ! river! ! cartoon!

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Boston!Pizza! ! ______________________________________________!! ! ______________________________________________!! !

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! ______________________________________________!! ! ______________________________________________!! ! ______________________________________________!! ! ______________________________________________!! ! ______________________________________________!! ! ______________________________________________!! ! ______________________________________________!! ! ______________________________________________!! ! ______________________________________________!!

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! Pronouns!! !

This!paragraph!is!written!without!pronouns:! !

A!Day!at!the!Park! Sammy!went!to!the!park!with!Sammy’s!mother!and!Sammy’s!father.!Sammy!and! Sammy’s!mother!and!Sammy’s!father!ran!on!the!lawn.!Then!Sammy’s!father! pushed!Sammy!on!the!swings!while!Sammy’s!mother!smiled!and!watched.!Then! Sammy’s!mother!spread!out!a!blanket!on!the!lawn!and!read!a!book!while!Sammy! and!Sammy’s!father!played!catch!with!a!ball.!Sammy!threw!the!ball!too!hard,!and! Sammy’s!father!had!to!chase!after!the!ball.!Sammy!did!some!somersaults,!rolling! forward!on!Sammy’s!head!and!kicking!Sammy’s!feet!up!over!Sammy’s!head.! Sammy!giggled!and!lay!on!the!grass!until!Sammy’s!dad!came!back.!Sammy,! Sammy’s!mother,!and!Sammy’s!father!ate!sandwiches!together!before!Sammy,! Sammy’s!mother,!and!Sammy’s!father!went!back!home.! !

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! 13. (The!green!apple)_______________will!be!ripe!in!a!couple!of!weeks.! ! ! 14. !(The!sweet!oranges)_______________are!on!sale!at!the!grocery!store!today.! ! ! 15. !(Sally!and!Jeff)_______________rode!on!the!fastest!roller!coaster!yesterday.! ! ! 16. !(You!and!I)_______________can!carpool!together!to!the!meeting.! ! ! 17. (Timothy!Johnson)_______________wrote!a!book!about!space!travel.! ! ! 18. (The!city!of!Tokyo)_______________!is!the!capital!city!of!Japan.! ! ! 19. (Melanie!and!Susan)_______________!got!fired!because!they!were!late!to!work.! ! ! 20. (Your!parents!and!I)_______________got!to!know!each!other!at!the!party.! ! ! 21. (Our!cousin!Kenny)_______________just!graduated!from!high!school.!

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Verbs! ! A!verb!expresses!action!or!being.! Look$at$the$underlined$verb$in$each$sentence.$$Write$“action”$or$“being”$above$each$ verb$to$show$what$kind$of$verb$it$is.$

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1. She!rode!her!bike!to!school.! 2. They!were!happy!to!be!on!bikes.! ! ! 3. He!was!extremely!tired.! ! ! 4. He!flew!through!the!air.! ! ! 5. Jane!camped!in!her!backyard.! ! ! 6. Jed!is!unusually!quiet!today.! ! ! 7. We!are!on!our!way!to!the!airport.! ! ! 8. After!scoring!the!goal,!he!raised!his!stick!in!the!air.! ! ! 9. Jane’s!puppy!jumped!through!the!hoop.! ! ! 10. Skiing!is!Jed’s!favorite!sport.! ,

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These DO express a complete thought: Fernie is a great place to mountain bike. Awesome trails weave up and down the sides of the mountains.

Fernie. Is a great place to mountain bike. Awesome trails. Weave up and down the sides of the mountains.

These do NOT express a complete thought:

A sentence is a group of words that expresses a complete thought.

SENTENCE:


The little boy played the cello. Stuart Little rode a motorcycle. Reading is fun.

Simple Subject – The main word or words in a sentence that tell who or what is doing or being something is called the simple subject.

Simple Subject and Simple Predicate:


Does Jed like biking? Is  Jane’s  new  puppy  fluffy?

ends with a question mark.

Question (interrogative) – A question asks something. A question

Jed likes biking. Jane’s  new  puppy  is  fluffy.

states something. Statements end with a period.

Statement (declarative) – A statement gives information. It just

Four Types of Sentences:


! Subjects!&!Predicates!

! Choose&a&subject&from&the&list&below&to&complete&each&sentence.& ! ! !

A!big!spider!!!!!!!!

A!buzzing!bee!!!!!!!

!!My!notebook!

A!gray!dolphin!!!!!!!!!

My!mother!!!!!!!!

!My!closet!

The!houseplant!!!!!!!! !The!eye!doctor!!!!!!!!! The!space!alien! ! ! ! 1.!________________________________!looked!for!nectar!in!the!flower.! ! ! 2.!________________________________!has!lots!of!clothes!in!it.! ! ! 3.!________________________________!checked!my!vision.! ! ! 4.!________________________________!needs!soil,!water,!and!sunlight.! ! ! 5.!________________________________!landed!the!UFO.! ! ! 6.!________________________________!jumped!in!the!sea.! ! ! 7.!________________________________!was!upset!because!I!broke!her!favorite!vase.! ! ! 8.!________________________________!is!filled!with!stories!that!I!wrote.! ! ! 9.!________________________________!spun!a!web!in!the!doorway.! ! ! !

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! Subject!&!Predicate! Simple!Subject!&!Simple!Predicate! !

Separate&the&subject&from&the&predicate&with&a&line.& Then&underline&the&simple&subject&with&one&line&and&underline&the&simple& predicate&with&two&lines.& ! 1.!My!best!friend!in!the!whole!world!is!in!the!city.! ! 2.!Three!beautiful!little!kittens!looked!up!at!me!from!inside!a!box!of!old!clothes.! ! 3.!At!the!stroke!of!midnight,!the!carriage!turned!into!a!huge!orange!pumpkin.! ! 4.!A!really!friendly!old!man!with!long!white!whiskers!lives!in!the!apartment!above!my! aunt’s!and!uncle’s!apartment.! ! 5.!Several!of!her!favorite!romantic!love!songs!were!on!the!radio!that!afternoon!in!the! park.! ! 6.!Cool,!deep,!dark!blue!water!flowed!through!the!rough!limestone!rocks!in!the!gorge.! ! 7.!OneZhundred!fiftyZfive!dollars!is!certainly!a!lot!of!money!for!a!young!person!living! with!his!or!her!parents.! ! 8.!The!large!red!book!sitting!on!the!hall!table!was!a!dictionary!published!by!an! encyclopedia!company!in!the!United!States.!! ! 9.!The!three!girls!carried!back!packs!filled!with!books,!food,!candy,!clothes,!makeZup,! pens,!paper,!hairbrushes,!and!other!assorted!items.! ! 10.!I!remember!the!actor!with!the!sparkling!blue!eyes.!

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Types!of!Sentences! Sentences!begin!with!a!capital.!!! & Capitalize&the&first&word&in&each&sentence.& Place&the&correct&punctuation&at&the&end&of&each&sentence.&&& Identify&each&sentence&as&a&statement,&question,&command,&or&exclamation.& !

1. chocolate!can!be!deadly!to!some!small!animals!_______________________!!

! 2. i!can’t!believe!how!slow!this!computer!is!____________________________!! ! 3. when!are!you!coming!back!from!vacation!!___________________________!! ! 4. pass!the!butter!! ________________________________________________!! ! 5. was!that!the!alarm!that!I!heard!just!now! ____________________________!! ! 6. how!many!miles!to!the!gallon!does!your!car!get! ______________________!! ! 7. the!toy!store!is!in!the!third!building!on!your!left!!______________________!! ! 8. i!am!shocked!!!__________________________________________________!! ! 9. i!feel!terrible!!!__________________________________________________!! ! 10. at!what!time!should!we!leave!for!the!airport!!_________________________!! ! 11. get!out!of!the!way!!______________________________________________!! ! 12. my!cell!phone!was!here!just!a!minute!ago!!___________________________!! ! 13. how!beautiful!your!rose!garden!is!! _________________________________!! ! 14. how!many!minutes!do!we!have!left!!________________________________!!

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3

by Corinne Plett

LEVEL ONE

GRAMMAR FOR WRITING


The forests of northern Canada. (Do what or are what?) The mountain biker racing down the hill. (Does what?)

If a sentence fragment does not tell what the subject is doing, it is the verb that is missing.

Drives around the race track. (Who?) Was tumbling down the hill. (Who or what?)

If a sentence fragment does not tell who or what is doing the action, it is the subject that is missing.

A piece of a sentence is called a fragment.

FRAGMENTS:


The puppy tugged playfully, she wanted to chew on the sock. The puppy tugged playfully, _______ she wanted to chew on the sock.

sentences each beginning with a capital and ending with a period. - Leave  the  comma  and  add  in  a  joining  word  like  “but”,  “and”,  or   “yet”.

- Put a period after the first sentence and create two separate

To fix a comma splice:

A comma splice is when we write two complete thoughts (two sentences) and join them with only a comma.

COMMA SPLICE:


! SENTENCES&AND&SENTENCE&FRAGMENTS& ! A&sentence&is&a&group&of&words&that&expresses&a&complete&thought.&&The&sentence& needs&a&subject&and&a&predicate.&&A&piece&of&a&sentence&is&called&a&fragment.&&If&a& sentence&fragment&does&not&tell&who&or&what&is&doing&the&action,&it&is&the&subject&that& is&missing.&&If&a&sentence&fragment&does&not&tell&what&the&subject&is&doing,&it&is&the&verb& that&is&missing.& !

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For$each$of$the$following,$write$S$on$the$line$if$it$is$a$complete$sentence.$ Write$F$if$it$is$a$sentence$fragment.$ $ 1. _______!Long,!long!ago,!in!a!faraway!land.! 2. _______!There!lived!a!princess!named!Gretchen.! ! 3. _______!The!most!beautiful!girl!in!the!land.! ! 4. _______!She!was!still!very!unhappy.! ! 5. _______!Her!21st!birthday!was!approaching.! ! 6. _______!Her!twin!brother,!Prince!Reginald,!would!become!king.! ! 7. _______!She!would!have!to!marry!King!Jomen!of!Far!Land.! ! 8. _______!A!very!cruel!and!unkind!man.! ! 9. _______!She!decided!to!run!away!and!formed!an!excellent!plan.! ! 10. _______!The!plan!required!the!help!of!her!friends,!Grumpy!and!Happy.! ! 11. _______!They!were!eager!to!help,!as!they!did!not!like!the!idea!of!their!friend! being!unhappy!for!the!rest!of!her!life.! 12. _______!She!disguised!herself!as!a!maid!and!left!the!palace.! 13. _______!Unfortunately,!her!brother!saw!her!and!thought!she!was!being! kidnapped.! !

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& Comma&Splice& A&comma&splice&is&when&we&write&two&complete&thoughts&(two&sentences)& and&join&them&with&only&a&comma.& To$fix$a$comma$splice$in$each$of$these$sentences,$leave$the$comma$and$add$ in$a$joining$word$like$“but”,$“and”,$or$“yet”.$ 1.!The!books!are!on!the!table!near!the!window,!_________!I!don't!know!where!the! papers!are.!! 2.!The!cat!drank!her!milk!noisily,!__________!the!dog!just!gulped!down!his!raw!meat.!! 3.!She!made!that!dress!from!a!pattern,!___________she!can't!sew!a!button!to!save!her! life.!! 4.!He!always!makes!the!baseball!team,!___________this!year!his!bad!leg!is!keeping!him! on!the!bench!most!of!the!time.!! 5.!This!was!the!best!movie!I!have!ever!seen,!___________I!am!glad!I!saw!it.!! 6.!He's!going!to!medical!school,!___________his!lifelong!ambition!is!to!be!a!doctor.!! 7.!The!piano!is!terribly!out!of!tune,!___________!I!still!like!to!hear!it!being!played.!! 8.!He!is!always!late!for!parties,!___________no!one!seems!to!mind.!! 9.!The!chairs!are!too!large!for!the!room,!____________the!table!looks!awkward!in!the! corner.!! 10.!I!find!history!interesting,!____________it!gives!a!good!idea!of!what!mankind!has! been!doing!for!the!past!years.!! 11.!I!usually!love!apple!pie,!____________the!green!mould!on!this!one!makes!me!think! twice.!! 12.!The!door!is!making!a!strange!creaking!noise,!___________it!is!beginning!to!make!me! nervous.!!

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& Fragments,&Comma&Splice,&Complete&Sentences& Before$each$number,$insert*S$for$a$correct$sentence,$frag$for$a$fragment,$or$ CS*for$a$comma$splice.! ________1.!I!will!set!my!alarm,!and!I'll!study!in!the!morning.!! ________!2.!Our!team!lost!last!night,!we!can!still!enter!the!tournament.!! ________!3.!TV!weather!maps!have!various!symbols,!for!example,!a!big! apostrophe!means!drizzle.!! ________!4.!The!mining!machines!rumbled!away,!and!the!ruined!mountain! was!left!barren!and!ugly.!! ________!5.!Swimming!along!the!edge!of!the!river!where!it!was!not!deep.!! ________!6.!First!the!horse!trotted,!then!he!broke!into!a!gallop.!! ________!7.!After!having!read!several!articles!in!the!newspaper!about!the! European!situation.!! ________!8.!He!was!a!strange!fellow,!nevertheless,!I!liked!him.!! ________!9.!Dictionaries!are!important!because!they!help!you!remember! important!words.!! ________!10.!I!have!done!my!homework!for!tomorrow,!I!have!also!finished! my!term!paper.!! ________!11.!Jim!hoped!that!someone!would!come!to!help!him,!but!he! couldn’t!see!anyone!yet.!! ________!12.!He!put!off!writing!his!paper!until!an!hour!before!class,!of! course,!he!didn't!get!it!finished.!!

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& & Fragments,&Comma&Splice,&Complete&Sentences& ANSWER!KEY! ! 1. !S! 2. CS! 3. CS! 4. S! 5. F! 6. CS! 7. F! 8. CS! 9. S! 10. CS! 11. S! 12. CS! 13. F! 14. CS! 15. S! 16. S! 17. F! 18. CS! 19. S! 20. CS!

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For, And, Nor, But, Or, Yet, So

F A N B OY S

More joining words: for, nor, or, so

Joining words such as AND, BUT, or YET.

CONJUNCTIONS:


- Add in a comma and a joining word.

To fix a run-on sentence:

Run-on sentences are where there are two or more complete thoughts used as one sentence without proper punctuation or joining words.

RUN-ON SENTENCES:


Use  “an”  before  words  that  begin  with  a  vowel  sound:  “  An  enormous   hawk  circled  in  the  sky.”      “An  hour  is  a  long  time  to  wait  for  a  bear  to   move.”

Use  “a”  before  words  that  begin  with  a  consonant  sound:    “A  giant  bear   lumbered  across  the  road  right  in  front  of  us.”

Use  “the”  before  something/someone  specific:    “The  boy  ran  around  the   bases.”

The articles are THE, A, and AN.

ARTICLES:


Use an apostrophe when you are taking two words and joining them to be one word by dropping some letters. The apostrophe is placed where the  letters  are  left  out:    “We  are  not  going  swimming.”    “We’re  not  going   swimming.”

Use an apostrophe whenever you need to show something belongs to something  else:    “Jane’s  bow  broke.”

APOSTROPHE


“to”  means  in  the  direction  of:    “Jane’s  car  was  towed  to  the  mechanic.” “too”  means  also  or  very:    “It  is  just  too  hot  out  today.” “two”  means  the  number  2:    “Jed  had  two  candies  left.”

to / too / two

“Its”  is  possessive  – it  shows  that  something  belongs  to  “it”. The bear licked its paws.

If this word has an apostrophe – it’s  – it  always  means  “it  is”  or  “it  has”. It’s  great  that  you  took  this  course. It’s  received  three  awards.

it’s    /    its


! Run%On!Sentences!

Run%on!sentences!are!ones!where!there!are!two!or!more!complete! thoughts!used!as!one!sentence!without!proper!punctuation!or!joining! words.! !

To!correct,!add!in!a!comma!and!a!joining!word.!!Remember!F!A!N!B!O!Y!S.! ! Re#write(each(of(these(sentences(so(they(are(complete(sentences,(as( opposed(to(run#on(sentences.(( ! 1. Trees!lay!on!the!side!of!the!road!they!were!being!cleaned!up!by!huge!machines.! !________________________________________________________________!! !________________________________________________________________!! !________________________________________________________________!! 2. Every!wall!was!smashed!to!rubble!the!foundation!still!stood.! !________________________________________________________________!! !________________________________________________________________!! ! !________________________________________________________________!! 3.!My!heart!broke!the!owners!had!no!insurance.!! !________________________________________________________________!! !________________________________________________________________!! !________________________________________________________________!! 4.!The!town!looked!deserted!we!turned!the!car!around!and!left.!! !________________________________________________________________!! !________________________________________________________________!! !________________________________________________________________!! 5.!We!worked!from!dusk!to!dawn!we!never!would!have!finished!the!job.!! !________________________________________________________________!! !________________________________________________________________!! !________________________________________________________________!!

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! ! Articles! On(each(line(below,(write(the(correct(article(#(“the”,(“a”,(or(“an”.( ! 1. _________ostrich!can!lay!huge!eggs.! ! ! 2. _________boy!with!the!bright!blue!bike!rode!speedily.! ! 3. Jed!landed!in___________small!red!pool.! ! 4. _________signal!was!given.! ! 5. Jane!ate!in__________dining!room!at!camp.! ! 6. Jed!watched!for__________elephant!to!come!to!his!home.! ! 7. __________hour!seems!like!a!long!time!when!you!have!to!sit!still.! ! 8. I!will!try!to!get!___________taxi!to!take!me.! ! !

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! Articles! ANSWER!KEY!

On(each(line(below,(write(the(correct(article(#(“the”,(“a”,(or(“an”.( ! 1. An!ostrich!can!lay!huge!eggs.! ! ! 2. The!boy!with!the!bright!blue!bike!rode!speedily.! ! 3. Jed!landed!in!the!small!red!pool.! ! 4. A!signal!was!given.! ! 5. Jane!ate!in!the!dining!room!at!camp.! ! 6. Jed!watched!for!an!elephant!to!come!to!his!home.! ! 7. An!hour!seems!like!a!long!time!when!you!have!to!sit!still.! ! 8. I!will!try!to!get!a!taxi!to!take!me.!

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! There,!They're!&!Their! ! Complete!the!sentences!by!using!one!of!the!words!there,!they're!or!their.! ! !

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1. Look!at!those!dogs.!I!think!______________________!poodles.! 2. _______________________shirts!are!in!the!washing!machine.! ! 3. _______________________out!buying!groceries!for!dinner.! ! 4. The!Browns!took!_____________________________vacation!in!Mexico.! ! 5. They!took!_________________________dog,!Jumper,!to!the!beach.! ! 6. My!cousins!are!watching!_________________________favorite!TV!show.! ! 7. ___________________________is!a!lot!of!work!left!to!do.! ! 8. ___________________________is!nothing!in!the!box.! ! 9. ___________________________is!no!excuse!for!getting!your!clothes!dirty.! ! 10. I’m!going!to!have!lunch!at!___________________________house!tomorrow.! ! 11. I!wonder!if!_________________________going!to!do!well!on!the!final!exam.! ! 12. If!I!throw!the!dice,!can!you!guess!what!sum!_____________________________will!be?! ! 13. _______________________________is!some!fruit!in!the!kitchen.! ! 14. !I!love!my!school!but!I!wouldn’t!want!to!live!________________________________!.! ! 15. _______________________________going!to!learn!algebra!next!year.! !

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! To,!Too,!Two! !Fill!in!the!blanks!with!the!appropriate!choice—to,!too,!or!two.!!

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1.!After!the!marathon,!Yolanda!soaked!her!__________!sore!feet!in!a!bucket!of!warm! water.!! ! 2.!Jessica!agreed!to!jalapeno!slices!on!her!burrito.!She!regretted!this!decision! __________!hours!later.!! ! 3.!If!you!really!want!the!answers!to!Mr.!Hirta’s!math!homework,!bring!a!jelly!donut! __________!Kristine,!the!smartest!student!in!the!class.!! ! 4.!The!party!next!door—with!its!laughter,!shouting,!and!music—was!__________!loud.!! ! 5.!As!we!were!walking!__________!the!library,!we!met!Benjamin!and!Maria.!! ! 6.!The!slice!of!pizza!was!still!__________!hot!to!eat.!! ! 7.!Tony!should!buy!an!aquarium!full!of!goldfish.!A!puppy!would!be!__________! rambunctious!for!his!small!apartment.!! ! 8.!Lana!has!__________!book!bags.! !! 9.!If!you!purchase!__________!parakeets,!they!will!sing!to!each!other!instead!of! interacting!with!you.!! ! 10.!Whenever!our!parakeet!chirps!__________!loudly,!we!throw!a!towel!over!his!cage.!! ! 11.!Instead!of!researching!killer!whales,!Jorge!went!__________!the!beach.!! ! 12.!Martin!dreaded!going!__________!the!doctor.!! ! 13.!Diane!was!__________!short!to!reach!the!oatmeal.!! ! 14.!Gordon!didn’t!want!__________!miss!Spanish!class.!! ! 15.!We!watched!Sam!lick!the!__________!fingers!that!he!ran!through!the!icing!of!his! birthday!cake.!! ! 16.!Boom!!Boom!!We!heard!__________!big!oak!trees!crash!onto!the!street!during!the! violent!storm.!!

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! Its,!It’s! ! Fill(in(the(blanks(with(the(appropriate(choices—its(or!it’s.!! !

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1. As!strawberry!ice!cream!dribbled!down!the!cone!and!over!his!hand,!Jerry! complained,!“__________!so!hot!out!here!that!my!tongue!can’t!keep!up!”!! ! 2. __________!obvious!that!Professor!Grayson!likes!his!class.!! ! 3. Just!as!Jackie!was!completing!the!last!question!on!the!essay!test,!her!pen!ran!out! of!ink;!__________!ball!point!dug!into!the!paper!but!left!no!words.!! ! 4. Francisco!decided!against!a!golden!retriever!puppy!as!__________!thick!coat!of! long!fur!would!shed!too!much!hair.!! ! 5. “__________!all!over,”!announced!the!race!official.!! ! 6. __________!been!a!week!since!we’ve!found!paw!prints!on!the!hoods!of!our!cars.!! ! 7. Malinda!spooned!yogurt!into!her!mouth,!savoring!__________!cool,!creamy! blueberry!flavor.!! ! 8. !__________!not!too!late!for!Jane!to!pass!her!grammar!test.!! !

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! Apostrophe! ! !Choose(the(correct(evaluation(of(each(word(in!bold.!!

! 1.!Annoying!music!escaped!from!Kinya’s!ear!buds.!! A.!Kinya’s(contains!a!correct!apostrophe.!! B.!No!apostrophe!is!needed.!! ! 2.!The!alarm!clocks!buzz!startled!Shane!awake.!! A.!Clocks(does!not(need!an!apostrophe.!! B.!Clocks(should!have!an!apostrophe!between!the!k(and!s:!clock’s.!! ! 3.!While!the!bee!buzzes!among!the!blooms,!a!patient!mantis!waits!to!strike.!! A.!Buzzes(does!not(need!an!apostrophe.!! B.!You!must!spell!the!word!with!an!apostrophe:!buzz’s.!! C.!You!must!spell!the!word!with!an!apostrophe:!buzzes’.!! ! 4.!Betty!Ann!could!not!resist!petting!the!adorable!poodle!puppie’s.!! A.!Puppie’s(contains!a!correct!apostrophe.!! B.!No!apostrophe!is!needed.!! C.!Puppies(should!have!the!apostrophe!after!the!s:!puppies’.!! ! 5.!Our!stomachs!might!burst!!We!shouldn’t!have!eaten!so!many!fried! cheese!sticks.!! A.!Shouldn’t(contains!a!correct!apostrophe.!! B.!The!apostrophe!must!come!between!the!d(and!n,!where!the!space! was!omitted:!should’nt.!! ! 6.!Phillip!banged!his!knees’!on!the!metal!bar!beneath!the!desk.!! A.!Knees’(contains!a!correct!apostrophe.!! B.!Knees(should!have!the!apostrophe!before!the!s:!knee’s.!! C.!There’s!no!apostrophe!in!knees.!! ! ! !

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Basic Grammar for Young Writers Vid-Ebook