Hanguang Wu PORTFOLIO
Dear reader, I invite you to do a visual exercise with me before you proceed with reading this portfolio: please hold your hands up, perpendicularly to your face, palms facing, and place them on each side of your eyes. Use your figures to frame your eyes like a pair of binoculars. Look around. Does the world appear more vivid? Did a smile cross your face? The “handmade” binoculars was to me the most memorable exercise from the introduction to design class four years ago, for I believe that the world to the architect is always a source of amazement and inspiration, a place to explore with childlike wonder and sensitivity. Consequently, the exercise also explains the thinking process and composition of this portfolio. I have been an wanderer exploring the world of architecture without following a linear route. Therefore, no single method dominate the design process: each academic project tests a different approach while the personal projects are souvenirs of the moments when the world moved, provoked or inspired me. This portfolio resembles more an explorer’s diary than a culmination of a journey.
9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1
BOOM TOWN URBAN ACTIVITY CENTER HERMITAGE GALLERY “WOW!” GLOBAL VILLAGE “____”SCAPE GRAPHIC DESIGN PHOTOGRAPHY IMPRESSIONS
AN INVESTIGATION THROUGH SCALE Type: Academic, Arch 101, fall 2012 Instructor: Darell Fields Location: 1400 Sherwin Avenue, Emeryville, ca Site area: 32,000 s.F. Floor area: 80,000 s.F. Program: Mixed: park, community & institutional facilities, housing, commercial, parking
The Site & the City:
Dichotomy in Emeryville
Emeryville is a “transparent” city. It has formed its identity around Bay Street, a temporary stop for regional shoppers while the real inhabitants of the city and their needs and activities are pushed to the other side of the Amtrak rail.
Railway adjacent to site divides the city into 2 disconnected parts.
Areas of Interest: divided by the rail
Linear Park is a rare community area found in the east (residential) side of the rail.
Site as starting point of the Linear Park System: Overlaid on land use map. Dark grey: non residential; light grey: residential.
A node in the Linear Park System: An anchor for Emeryville.
The linear park traverses the city and goes through various residential developments.
Regional dichotomy: The regional shopping center and freeways VS. residential area and local shops / parks.
Emeryville differs from the traditional “solid” towns in that it lacks a TOWN CENTER serving its actual inhabitants where they can gather, interact, and participate in various activities. The only areas found in Emeryville that possess similar characteristics are the LINEAR PARK ROUTES. According to the Emeryville general plan, the site is situated at the starting point of the linear park system. Thus the site became an opportunity to combine the merits of the existing linear park and the multiuse functions of a traditional town center to create a new COMMUNITY CENTER for Emeryville.
SITE PLANNING STRATEGY
Final site model and access points
Site Planning Process
1. Connection to linear park. 2. Access needed on upper level for residential area across the rail. 3. Access to the site from main residential areas around the site. 4. Based on the above analysis: an elevated park that connects across the rail while connecting at street level. 5. Pushing in the city fabric to mediate the scale of the park 6. Massing, height limit study model 7. Partitioning study: Residential VS. Non Residential A. Program study model B. Partitioning model 1’’ = 50’ Showing partitioned space (residential ) on top of grid ( multiuse).
Final Site Model 1’’ = 50’
Hubbard St.oneway to dropoff
45th St. Ramp to park & shops
Horton Street: Landscaping & Sports complex
Halleck St. Walkway & buffer zone
Ground Level Plan
SITE PROGRAMS: TOP: PARK | GROUND: COMMUNITY CENTER
Park Level Plan
Long section though gallery and park
Recreation Cultural Commercial
PARK & HOUSING
At the scale of the site, housing is treated as a residue of the park. However, the park does not simply slide past the housing. It bleeds into the later through a housing typology that combines the open and closed courtyard: an open courtyard at the ground level oriented towards the park and a closed c courtyard at the upper level to create a sense of privacy. The extension of the park sometimes drops down to be an intermediate level between the recreational facility and housing.
LINEAR PARK + PAUSING AREAS
PARK + HOUSING + COMMUNITY CENTER
Cross section through basketball
Section through shops and park
1’’=16’ Sectional Model Long Section through housing
Horizontal bands break down the large surface. Variation on the modular system of window / panel / glass avoids monotony while also conforming with the idea of housing as back drop.
Leisure pool underneath park
View to the park / bay from apartments
Entrance to park from 45th street View from elevated park
URBAN ACTIVITY CENTER Type: Academic, Arch 100b, Spring 2012 Instructor: Lionel Devlieger Location: 8th street & Mission street,San Francisco Site area: 10,000 s.F. Floor area: 80,000 sf Program: Recreation center/athletic facility/ community center/ parking garage/ classroom/ garden
UAC: A HYBRIDIZED URBAN AMENITY 3 ELEMENTS OF INTERCONNECTIVITY
II. EXERCISE RAMP
The exoskeleton rigid frame resembles a curtain draped over the crystal box of activities, both sheltering and revealing the internal activities. It regulates light through variation of density. It also branches into the interior spaces creating interior divisions and structural support while promoting visual connectivity.
A continuous exercise route gradually ramps up from the lobby to the roof garden, wrapping around the main programs and passing in and out of the frame. The ramp is also ADA accessible.
Internal spaces are organized around a central multi-use court, with alternating setbacks for maximum visual engagement, which may also serve as viewing platforms in the event of performances in the court.
I. BUILDING ENVELOPE
Diagram showing the variation on a system of louvers/ rigid framd for light regulation, visual cues, privacy and access.
1’=1/16’’ Cutaway acrylic model showing exercise ramp (opaque part) weaving through different programs.
Above: 1’= 1/8’’ basswood sectional model showing atrium and sctructure around the central court. Right: Exploded axonometric diagram of building components.
COMBINING THE 3 ELEMENTS OF INTERCONNECTIVITY PLAN AND SECTIONS
Cross Section and long section
Site Location in San Francisco
Floor plan + 3’
Floor plan + 12’
Floor plan + 32’
Floor plan + 42’
Floor plan + 55’
Floor plan + 62’
VIEW TO THE CITY
THE EXPERIENCE: AROUND TWO ANCHORING SPACES
SWIMMING CENTER GARDEN
The pool and the court two functional spaces are the highly visible functional spaces. They are the two anchors in space, while the rest of the programs nest in between them. From the point of view of user experience, they balance each other interns of scale, location, color, temperature and reflectivity.
MULTIUSE COURT OFFICES
Entrance + lobby Freeway + water front
1’= 1/8’’ sectional model.
View from the court:
View from the path under the pool
MEETING ROOM PARKING
Half submerged view, showing structure of the pool and entrance lobby below
Exterior view: highly visible pool
7 All design work starts form the premise of this physical objective sensuousness of architecture, of its materials. --Peter Zumthor
HERMITAGE GALLERY Type: Academic, ARCH 100A Year: Spring 2011 Professor: Ronald Rael Program: Public Artist Gallery: 1200sf 3 Visiting Artist Apartment Units: 400sf each including a private garden, bedroom, bathroom and kitchenette Library: 200sf accessible to both the public and the artists Workshop: 600sf accessible to the path and gallery
PART I : A study of concrete CONCRETE: Most prominent material on site.
Albany bulb: a manmade peninsula created by the disposal of construction debris.
Location of lot at the steep west side hill of the bulb.
Rebar and boulders still highly visible on site.
PHOTO ESSAY: observations of concrete EROSION & LIGHT
PART I : A study of concrete
I. SPACE THROUGH EROSION RAPID OXIDATION & SPACE,TEXTURE, COLOR, SMELL
It is on Albany bulb that this man-made fortification weakens and decays. The scattered construction debris is the unique identity of the island. As time passes by concrete is shaped and colored by plants, air, water, wind, feet and paws. Through erosion, the forces of the world quietly erases the boundary between the manmade and the natural. In this study, erosion is performed through burning the wooden formwork inserted inside the cement. Both the burnt form work and the act of burning creates the form, texture, color and even smell of the concrete block.
PART I : A study of concrete
II. LIGHT & TRANSPARENCY
MINIMUM THICKNESS This model studies the transparency of concrete by reducing the thickness of slabs and increased porosity. This creates a light weighted feeling, using Toyo Ito’s Tod’s flagship as a precedent study. The thickness of the model is 0.25’’.
02 ILLUMINATED It is a hollow concrete block, with acrylic casted inside the shell. The shell is as thin as the previous study, while I started exploring the interaction between concrete and glass, and the language of the slits. The photo 02 shows the block lit from the inside.
Hollow formwork with cast -in acrylic sheets
03 HEIGHTENED TEXTURE THROUGH SHADOW Through casting shadows, light enhances the richness of the surface. The shadow reveals the section in plan. Sunlight vs Cloudy skylight
PART II : FURTHER ITERATION, SPATIAL QUALITY STUDIES
SYSTEMS OF LIGHT AND OPENINGS As a further exploration of the interaction of light and concrete, I seek to develop an architectural language that expresses this relationship while relevant to more practical elements such as view, lighting and circulation. In the study model, acrylic sheets and mirrors are casted in the concrete. Through different configurations they illuminates the space while guides the explorer forward.
Solid / void study through plan and section of concrete model. Study model using acrylic sheets, mirrors and foam
PART III : HERMITAGE GALLERY ENTRANCE: Into the wilderness Entrance looking towards the bay
Two elements mark the experience from entrance of the Albany Bulb to the site: the gradual narrowing of the road into a steep slope, and the view of the Golden Gate Bridge at the water front.
From path to no-path: These photographs are taken every 25 steps as I traveled to the lot from entrance of the Bulb.
Pausing & Choosing VS. Straight Entrance
Using the language explored in the study of concrete [Erosion], the entrance of the Gallery invites visitors to pause and choose their own path or rest along the way. Sunken into the ground, the gallery opens a crack in the earth and brings the visitor down to the water front.
PART III : HERMITAGE GALLERY VIEWS : INSPIRED BY THE DOGS
Cross section through the gallery and apartment. looking to the Golden Gate Bridge.
Dog and the Walker: DIfferent modes of exploration.
Combining the views: dog + human
THE BULB HILL
GOLDEN GATE BRIDGE
Long section through the apartments showing orientation towards the bay.
Dog walking is the most popular activity on site. What do the dogs see? How do they discover the world? By pushing the building into the ground and framing views at different levels, using the language explored in the PART II, the gallery invites visitors to rediscover the world through the gaze of manâ€™s best friend, while retaining the panoramic view of the waterfront and of the Golden Gate Bridge.
Cross section through apartments, gallery and workspace, showing different levels of view.
Raindrop projection and weather show
To the society of spectacles Type: Collection of personal projects Date: Summer 2013 In this digital age, more than ever, the society is centered around the image, the spectacle. In this collection of works are my contemplations on the significance of the spectacle to the built world. They are travel diaries from the near future, where the senses are heightened, the ills of society magnified, the intentions of architecture distorted, but always to serve the purpose of the theatricality.
01. THE CITY IS THE THEATER Halloween eve, Seattle. Seattle conjures a prehistoric theme park with the citywide projector network that creates gigantic moving dinosaurs on rain drops . These glowing specters roam the streets and walk right through walls and skyscrapers, while the street stereos only add to the thrill. The Jurassic Park jeep tour was the highlight of the party. The tour ended at the Hurricane show at Space Needle, where millions gathered to “re-experience” Katrina. It is said to be the biggest weather show on the west coast.
OCT 31, 2050, SEATTLE
02. CONGESTION IS LEISURE TIME
03. CITY PLANNING MADE FLEXIBLE... AND DRAMATIC JANUARY 2ND, SAN FRANCISCO The Golden Gate Bridge is transformed into a giant conveyor belt cafe. The conveyor belt runs two ways and at a speed controlled by endpoint traffic monitors. A board displays the estimated time of crossing at the bridge entrances. Upon entering the bridge, drivers turn off their engines and relax in their cars while the belt smoothly transports them across the bay. They can also order breakfast from a range of restaurants located on the bridge.
Now among the top attractions of San Francisco!
NOVEMBER 1ST, SEATTLE We stayed at a a three-story boat house hostel in FB (Floating Block) 012 on Union Lake. Upon arrival I sensed an unusual movement of the house -- the motor must have been started. Strange, “Oh no worries,” my local friend assured me, “they are just moving the blocks to the standard configuration after the Halloween parade yesterday.” That explained why people were gathering along the banks - to watch the moving city blocks.
04. SOCIALLY CONSCIOUS ARCHITECTURE?
A REFLECTION ON A PERSONAL PROJECT TO DESIGN HOMELESS SHELTER IN OAKLAND
MARCH 2ND, OAKLAND
In the city of spectacles, little matters the intention of the architect. Good design is a show that sells...that people will pay to experience...
Sense of community for the homeless?` ...worsens the marginalization of the sheltered...
Oakland, junction of West Oakland Freeways. Has the good intention of the architect -- to create affordable and flexible living space for the homeless population -- emphasized the marginality of these inhabitants? Some has derisively dubbed these the shelters (and its inhabitants) -- the parasites. Yet ironically, the glowing parasites have become such an attraction of Oakland that tourism has become the main of the income of the homeless population that inhabits them.
A perspective on the built environment.
1.0 BERKELEY REMIX Type: Academic Class: Environmental Design 1 , Fall 2009
Landmark and central axis Main commercial road Water feature Hill Focal area of buildings Landmark building Campus building Stadium / outdoor performance area Student residence Residential / commercial mixed used
What if UC Berkeley and its immediate surroundings were to move to Denver? Starting from the analyzing the basic components of Berkeleyâ€™s building organization, I tried to retain and transform these components into the new landform backdrop of suburban Denver. The final product is delivered in the for of carved book.
2D conceptual collage of Berkeley buildings juxtaposed on Denver geography
Carved book: Berkeley in Denver
Positioning and navigating in a vertical world Type: Personal Date: Summer 2012 / 2013 The vertical height and density of the man-made environment are so intensified that the coordinates of longitude and latitude no longer suffice. Cities and districts do not only exist on one level. For convenience, transportation is not limited to the vertical and horizontal. A travelers trajectory is often diagonally across space. Multiple plans become cumbersome. What kind of global positioning system and personal navigation system for this vertical world?
Flat world: X,Y coordinates
Kyoto +34° 59’ 29.30”, +135° 45’ 36.24”, + 3120.4m
Hongkong, +22° 19’ 19.88”, +114° 9’ 18.41”, +9501.2m 9km 8km 7km 6km 5km 4km 3km 2km 1km 0km -1km
Vertical world: X,Y,Z coordinates. How to map the movement diagonally through space and the points of interest on different planes?
Adding polar component for personal navigation. The diagram shows personal navigation on top of global coordinates.
Mapping 3D movement.
Where does the object end and landscape begin?
01- Oilscapes Type: Personal Media: OIl, Milk, Soda, Soy sauce Date: Summer 2012 Inspired by a failed cooking attempt, this photo essay studies the friction and interaction between fluids of different density, found in the everyday kitchen. They are photographed in a way so to evoke a sense of movement and sure al landscapes.
02- Fluidscapes Type: Personal Media: Ceramics, ink, oil, cloth, plastic wrap Date: Summer 2012 Based on the previous photo essay study, these models record in solid form both the interaction between different fluids and that of the fluid mixture over a dynamic solid surface.
A B G F
Ever Upw ard Sculptur e at
the gate way of the Excelsio r Communit y
A. B. C. D. E. F. G. H. I.
Vjoin Union Website Vjoin Union brochure/poster/banner â€œRISEâ€œ GALA for social entrepreneurs website/brochure/poster/namecard Sample pages from World Architecture Review Magazine Dynamic & Technology Inc. website Excelsior District Festival: Sponsorship cover Excelsior Action Group: Logo contest poster/ postcard / flyer set Excelsior Edible Showcase poster Berkeley Asian American Student Association CD cover
E G C
Light which has been spent [PHOTOGRAPHY]
â€œAll material in nature, the mountains and the streams and the air and we, are made of Light which has been spent, and this crumpled mass called material casts a shadow and the shadow belongs to Lightâ€? -- Louis Kahn
International House, Berkeley.
PROJECT TYPE: ACADEMIC, ED11A DATE: SPRING 2010 Charcoal snapshots of Berkeley International House
TYPE: PERSONAL, SKETCHES DATE: SUMMER 2011 Courtyard houses and streets of Florence
PROJECT ZERO THE BEGINNING I hope that I may start the new journey with you. Thank you.