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remove access panels, and our Governor Guards come fully assembled. We also offer Geared Machine Jump and Rope Guards, and Deflector Sheave Jump Guards too. Look, if Global Guarding doesn’t fit your needs then call on the guys who built your equipment for solid Component Guarding options that will. We can provide a truly practical solution that does the job and meets your budget, in practically no time at all.

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Contents 98

ELEVATOR WORLD SEPTEMBER 2017

32

Vol. LXIV No. 9

20

COVER STORY 80

Framing Up the Future

by Angela C. Baldwin thyssenkrupp unveils, celebrates the first fully functional MULTI elevator system at its Rottweil, Germany, test tower.

C

M

Y

CM

FEATURES

MY

CY

98

By the Field, for the Field

by Lee Freeland Fast-growing AVT Beckett continues making its name in Canada as it looks to expand to the U.S.

Elevator U 2017 by Caleb Givens

134

A gathering rich in history, education and networking proves memorable at UVA.

CECA 2017 by Lee Freeland

164

Canadian association meets in the Great (Not So) White North.

“Maximum Appeal” in Hollywood by Kaija Wilkinson

184

Elevator exemplifies the work Lift Shop/Elevator Boutique does for high-end homes in L.A. and beyond.

SPECIAL SECTION: NAEC 2017 112

Orlando Is a Tourist Magnet for Good Reason by Matt Irvin

118

Florida Style by Kaija Wilkinson

122

Exhibitor List

CMY

K


Contents

82 150

CONTINUING EDUCATION 63

Traction for Field Personnel, Part Two by John W. Koshak

189

Power Play by Brad Nemeth

156

A How-To From Texacone by Wallace T. Wheeler

162

Wire Rope Basics submitted by Draka Elevator Products graphics courtesy of Gustav Wolf

COLUMNS 50

Deadline Approaches for 40,000 NYC Elevators by Peter Novak and Steven Ort

ONLINE EXTRAS

102

Company Spotlight: 2N TELEKOMUNIKACE by Kaija Wilkinson

DEPARTMENTS

94

Protect Yourself by John Tateossian

10 Calendar

102

Company Spotlight: Delta Elevator by Anette Northridge

18

In Memoriam

126

Company Spotlight: SCHAEFER Elevator Components by Lee Freeland

20

U.S. News

32

International News

191

Product Spotlight

88

Assessment Examination Questions

FOCUS ON MAINTENANCE AND MODERNIZATION 150

32 142

130

Angelo Ippolito: Chiropractor to the NYC Elevator Set by Daniel Levinson Wilk

142

Stannah Celebrates 150 Years by Lee Freeland

174

The Water-Balance Elevator, Part Two by Dr. Lee Gray, EW Correspondent

180

Industry Dialogue: Frank Christensen by Kaija Wilkinson

182

Company Spotlight: Shanghai BST by Peng Jie, EW Correspondent

www.elevatorworld.com In addition to selected U.S. patents, we offer: • Bonus photos (Events): “Framing Up the Future” and “CECA 2017” • Bonus photos (Company Spotlights): “By the Field, for the Field” (pictured) and “First to Market” • Bonus photos (Project Spotlight): “Maximum Appeal” in Hollywood” and other Lift Shop work across coastal California • Videos on Stannah’s 150-year anniversary and thyssenkrupp’s MULTI • SEPTEMBER WEB EXCLUSIVE: Lee Rigby, treasurer of the Elevator Association of Florida, shares his thoughts on the state of the industry in his state.

8

Editor’s Overview

16 Comments

192 Classified 195

Advertisers Index

196

Last Glance


IF YOU’RE NOT NOW WORKING TO COMPLY WITH NYC BUILDING CODE 3.10.12 APPENDIX K, SOME PASSENGERS WILL FACE REAL CHALLENGES GETTING AROUND ON JANUARY 1, 2020 By now you’re aware that by January 1, 2020, in order to be compliant with the Building Code, all NYC elevators must provide means to monitor and prevent automatic operation when a faulty Door Contact circuit is detected. This change could impact up to 40,000 elevators and millions of passengers. While some are working hard to address this issue, many others seem to be hoping for an extension. Unfortunately this is an uncertain proposition at best, and only delays the inevitable. This Code change certainly creates challenges for NYC industry professionals, building owners and managers. But even if the number of yearly accidents due to faulty or misused door safety devices is small, the end results are often tragic. It is important to keep in mind that this change was mandated to increase passenger safety — a goal we all share.

www.gal.com

In 1978 GAL patented the industry’s first door and gate monitoring system, since that time the design has evolved to become the FM1. The latest FM1 has been engineered to work with most elevator control platforms operating today regardless of manufacturer or base technology. By upgrading your existing Controller with the FM1 you are able to meet the Code requirement without the expense of a full modernization. If you’re uncertain what your own situation requires, please call GAL and let us provide you with a solution tailored to ensure your clients’ compliance with the new Code. But make no mistake, the deadline is rapidly approaching and delaying action now could create hardships for your clients, impediments to passengers, and costly headaches for you quite soon.

FM1

The original monitor designed to detect jumped or faulty door circuits and prevent elevator car movement

50 E. 153rd St. • Bronx, NY 10451-2104 • Ph: 718.292.9000 • Fax: 718.292.2034 • info@gal.com


Mission Statement The mission of ELEVATOR WORLD is the intelligent collection, management and distribution of information for the benefit of the industry, while providing a global marketing platform that expands the reach of the industry to all corners of the world. How to Contact ELEVATOR WORLD • Mail: P.O. Box 6507; Mobile, Alabama 36660 • Shipping: 354 Morgan Avenue; Mobile, Alabama 36606 • Phone: (251) 479-4514 or toll-free: 1-800-730-5093 • Fax: (251) 479-7043 • Email: editorial@elevatorworld.com or sales@elevatorworld.com • Website: www.elevatorworld.com Subscriber Services & Back Issues • ELEVATOR WORLD is available in both print and digital versions. Questions regarding new print or digital subscriptions, renewals, bulk subscriptions, subscription payments, change of address, back issues or billing may call (251) 479-4514 or 1-800-730-5093, ext. 23, 42 or 19. News, Press Releases and Article Submissions • Submissions to be considered for publication should be sent to editorial@elevatorworld.com. Editorial space is non-paid; material is accepted based on newsworthiness or educational value and may be edited. Contact Managing Editor Angela C. Baldwin, ext. 30. Reprints/Permission • To order editorial or advertising reprints, call Patricia Cartee, ext. 23. • To obtain permission to use any part of ELEVATOR WORLD, call Ricia Hendrick, ext. 25. Advertising • For display, classified or online advertising information, contact Advertising Manager Lesley K. Hicks, ext. 29. The Bookstore • For educational books, posters, CDs, DVDs and videos, contact Susan Crigler at ext. 19; online at www. elevatorbooks.com; or see our supplemental booklet in this issue. Online • www.elevatorworld.com: News, links, calendar, classifieds, bookstore, feature articles, people and products of the industry. Site updated daily. • www.TheElevatorMuseum.org: Take a tour of the history of the elevator industry. • www.elevatorjobsitesafety.com: Complete Safety Handbook PDF, plus current revisions, quizzes, safety products, toolbox meetings and links. • www.elevatordirectory: A powerful online business directory, events calendar, classifieds section and more. • www.elevatorworldindia.com: Covers information about the free quarterly magazine ELEVATOR WORLD India, including a complete archive section. • www.theeurosource.com: Contains details regarding the yearly EURO SOURCE directory, including the most recent directory in digital format.

Mailing Lists

• ELEVATOR WORLD does not release its subscriber list. • The Elevator World SOURCE© published yearly in January provides a comprehensive list of elevator industry suppliers, contractors, consultants and associations. Call Lesley Hicks, ext. 29, for more information.

Printed on recycled paper

ELEVåTOR WÅRLD

®

Founder:

STAFF

Editor and Publisher Ricia Sturgeon-Hendrick, ext. 25 Executive Vice President T. Bruce MacKinnon, ext. 20 Managing Editor Angela C. Baldwin, ext. 30 Senior Associate Editor Lee Freeland, ext. 41 Associate Editor Kaija Wilkinson, ext. 13 Assistant Editor Matt Irvin, ext. 40 Vice President of Production Lillie K. McWilliams, ext. 15 Graphic Design Associates Christen Robinson, ext. 24 Houda Hasan, ext. 16 Web/Graphic Designer Matt Overstreet, ext. 11 Vice President of Sales/Marketing Brad O’Guynn, ext. 38 Sales/Marketing Manager Caleb Givens, ext. 17 Advertising Manager Lesley K. Hicks, ext. 29 Advertising Account Executive Scott Brown, ext. 31 Commercial Assistant Cleo Brazile, ext. 42 Educational Sales Service Associate Susan Crigler, ext. 19 Vice President Administration Patricia B. Cartee, ext. 23 Financial Associate Emma Darby, ext. 33

William C. Sturgeon 

ELEVATOR WORLD, INC. BOARD OF DIRECTORS AND OFFICERS Angela Baldwin (V.P. Editorial), Massimo Bezzi, Tricia Cartee (V.P. Commercial Operations), Jonathan Charest, Jo Chateau (Acting Treasurer), James Green, Ricia Hendrick (President, Chairman), Martha Hulgan, Achim Hütter, John Koshak, Robert Lane, T. Bruce MacKinnon (Executive V.P./Secretary), TAK Mathews, Lillie McWilliams (V.P. Production), Brad O’Guynn (V.P. Sales/Marketing) and Robert Schaeffer

TECHNICAL ADVISORY GROUP

John Antona, Richard E. Baxter, Louis Bialy, James W. Coaker, Ferhat Çelik, Walter Glaser, M.J. Mohamed Iqbal, John Koshak, Ami Lustig, TAK Mathews, Zack R. McCain, Parag Mehta, Richard Peters, Jay A. Popp, Ken Smith and Albert So

CORRESPONDENTS AND CONTRIBUTORS

Africa: Shem Oirere; Australia: John Inglis, Dean Morgan, Ritchie Lobert; Canada: John Murphy; China: Peng Jie, Zhang Lexiang, Dr. Albert So, Yihui Ruan; Europe: Luc Rivet; Germany: Andreas Wirths; Hungary: Marius Makovsky; India: TAK Mathews; Iran: Amir Reza Hashemi; Israel: Ami Lustig; Italy: Massimo Bezzi; Japan: Masaru Matsumoto, Yutaka Otagiri, Youichi Saji, Shigeharu Kitamura; Mexico: Raul Gonzales Mora; New Zealand: Bob Johnston; Russia: Viktor Khristich, Yury Kireev; South America: Carmen Maldacena; Taiwan: Spenser Cheng; Turkey: Bülent Yilmaz, Ersan Barlas; United Arab Emirates: M.J. Mohamed Iqbal; United Kingdom: David Cooper, John Gale; United States: John Koshak, Jim Coaker, Galen Dutch, Lawrence Fabian, Richard Gregory, David Herres, Dr. Lee Gray, George Gibson, Matthew Jackson

EDITOR EMERITUS Robert S. Caporale CORRESPONDING PUBLICATIONS

Argentina: Revista del Ascensor, Subir y Bajar; Brazil: Revista Elevador Brasil; China: China Elevator; Germany: Lift Report, Lift Journal; Greece: Anelkistiras – Greek Elevation Magazine; Iran: Donya-ye Asansor; Italy: Elevatori; Korea: Elestor, Elevator & Parking Systems; The Netherlands: Liftinstituut Magazine; Poland: Dzwig Magazyn; Russia: Lift Russia; Spain: Ascensores y Montacargas; Ukraine: Lift Expert; United Kingdom: Elevation ELEVATOR WORLD India is a quarterly magazine published by Elevator World, Inc. (Mobile, Alabama) and Virgo Publications (Bangalore, India). Advertising and subscription information can be found at website: www.elevatorworldindia.com. ELEVATOR WORLD Turkey is a bimonthly magazine owned and published by Elevator World, Inc. Advertising and subscription information can be found at website: www. elevatorworld.com.tr or by calling (251) 479-4514. ELEVATOR WORLD Middle East is a quarterly magazine owned and published by Elevator World, Inc. Advertising and subscription information can be found at website: www. elevatorworld.com and www.elevatorworldmiddleeast.com.

ELEVATOR WORLD is a registered trademark and all rights reserved. Copyright © 2017. For permission to reprint any portion of this magazine, please write ELEVATOR WORLD at P.O. Box 6507; Mobile, AL 36660. ELEVATOR WORLD is published in the interest of the members of the elevator industry, to improve communication within the industry and to further the continuing education of members of the industry. ELEVATOR WORLD publishes articles by contributing authors as a stimulation to thinking and not as directives. ELEVATOR WORLD publishes this material without accepting responsibility for its absolute accuracy, but with hopes that the vast majority of it will have validity for the field. The ideas expressed therein should be tempered by recognized elevator engineering practices, guidelines, codes and standards. Publication of any article or advertisement should not be deemed as an endorsement by ELEVATOR WORLD. Printed by Interstate Printing & Graphics, Inc., 1135 Corporate Drive North, Mobile, AL 36607. Periodicals postage paid at Mobile, Alabama, and at additional mailing office. Post Office Publication Number 172-680 (ISSN 0013-6158), under the act of March 3rd. U.S. Pat. Office. POSTMASTER: address all correspondence to Elevator World, Inc., P.O. Box 6507, Mobile, AL 36660; fax: (251) 479-7043. Published monthly. Subscription rates (print): U.S. and possessions: $75/one year, $125/two years, $175/three years. International, including Canada: $125/one year, $225/two years, $325/three years; Digital format: $25; Single copies (print or digital): $15; THE ELEVATOR WORLD SOURCE© (print or digital): $46. (All subscribers receive THE ELEVATOR WORLD SOURCE© free.)

The official magazine for NAEC, Elevator U and CECA.

6

www.elevatorworld.com • September 2017

1953


Editor’s Overview

Game Changer This Time by Ricia Sturgeon-Hendrick Our cover story and feature this month is thyssenkrupp’s MULTI, widely believed to be an industry “game changer� for high-rise construction. This is not the first time this type of system has appeared on the market; the Otis Odyssey came and went some 20 years ago. Perhaps the time was not right or the need not strong enough. But, buildings have continued to grow taller, and the race for height put strains on the elevator systems – the higher the building, the heavier the rope needed to haul us up there. I think this is just the right time for a multidirectional ropeless system to launch a new paradigm. Like its predecessor, the marketing campaign for the thyssenkrupp MULTI was a tour de force, with invitations to more than 200 architects, engineers, consultants, developers and press from around the world, including ELEVATOR WORLD. Our managing editor, Angela C. Baldwin, grabbed the opportunity to go to Germany to see the amazing new concept in action. Her article, Framing Up the Future, takes us to Rottweil, Germany, and into the test tower, where lightweight elevators go up, down and sideways using a linear technology (the result of 77 patents). The claims are breathtaking – a 50% gain in capacity and 50% smaller elevator footprint! In just a few years, we can all “kick the tires,� as the concept will go into Berlin’s East Side Tower, to be completed in 2020. This issue is our largest this year, as suppliers vie to be front and center for the National Association of Elevator Contractors (NAEC) Convention and Expo in Orlando. We have a special section with details of the NAEC site and expo, including the exhibit hall layout and exhibitor list. There is a great article on Orlando itself by our assistant editor, Matt Irvin, plus an Industry Dialogue, Florida Style by our associate editor, Kaija Wilkinson, touting Florida as one of the hottest markets in the U.S. Speaking of events, we feature two others this month. Elevator U 2017 was held at the University of Virginia (UVA) in Charlottesville. Author EW Sales/Marketing Manager Caleb Givens said it was one of the best attended in recent years, with 160 attendees and 50 exhibitors. The emphasis was on education, and the background of UVA

8

www.elevatorworld.com • September 2017

was an excellent place for it. The Elevator U board honored EW Editor Emeritus Robert S. Caporale in an emotional tribute. Further north, EW Senior Associate Editor Lee Freeland wrote coverage of CECA 2017. Sited in Collingwood, a resort nearly two hours north of Toronto, this, too, was an event fully packed with exhibits and very active member meetings. The distance did not deter visitors. This event spurred several Company Spotlights, including on AVT Beckett, which is expanding to the U.S., and Delta Elevator, celebrating its 50th anniversary. At another event, the Elevator Industry Safety Summit (reported on last month), Wilkinson finally came face to face with the man she had been pursuing for an interview, IUEC General President, Frank Christensen. In Man of Action, he was glad to share his thoughts on the state of the industry, the union, training and safety. His comments make for interesting reading — especially those on industry high wages! Our focus topic this month is Maintenance and Modernization. In Power Play, Brad Nemeth educates on the energy consumption of elevators, which was halved in the 1990s and again recently. Now, elevators use only about 10%, but new buildings, he reports, are striving for “net zeroâ€? by using solar and low-energy components. Our Continuing Education article is part two of Traction for Field Personnel by John W. Koshak — a perfect addition to our focus topic. It examines the components used in a traction elevator, including how they are maintained and tested. A great little article by Draka and Gustav Wolf, Wire Rope Basics highlights the proper handling of rope, plus tensioning and lubrication. A How-To From Texacone by Wallace T. Wheeler follows it, providing an in-depth look at maintaining and troubleshooting packing for hydraulic elevators. Texacone has been providing seals and packing for 50 years. There is no way to highlight all that is packed into this oversized issue. The coverage ranges high and wide to cover so many areas and topics – one might even say it is “multidirectional.â€? Somehow, I believe we are going to đ&#x;Œ? hear a lot more about that word!   


Calendar

Calendar of Events Important conferences and expos are on tap for fall.

The Symposium on Lift and Escalator Technologies will bring engineers and industry representatives to the Highgate Hotel in Northampton, U.K., on September 20-21, where they will learn about the latest innovations in vertical-transportation technology.

2017 September EAM Annual Business Meeting DeGidio’s Restaurant St. Paul, MN September 8 For more information on this Elevator Association of Minnesota (EAM) event, contact Nikki Smith at (507) 245-4269 or nicole.smith@meiusa.com, or visit www. elevatorassocmn.org.

For more information, visit www. liftsymposium.org. CECA Golf Classic Lynx Ridge Golf Club Calgary, Canada September 28 For more information on the Sixth Annual Canadian Elevator Contractors Association (CECA) Golf Classic, visit www.ceca-acea. org/events.

Wisconsin Elevator Symposium Grand Geneva Resort Lake Geneva, WI September 28-29 NAEC 68th Annual Convention and Exposition For more information or to register, contact NAESA International at www. Hyatt Regency Orlando & Orange County naesai.org. Convention Center Orlando, FL October September 11-14 ASME A17 Elevator Code Week For more information, contact Alesa Toronto, Canada McArthur of the National Association of October 2-5 Elevator Contractors (NAEC) at toll free: For more information, contact the (800) 900-6232, phone: (770) 760-9660 or American Society of Mechanical Engineers email: Alesa@naec.org or visit website: (ASME) at website: www.asme.org. www.naecconvention.com. MAEC Golf Tournament Symposium on Lift and Escalator National Golf Club Technologies Fort Washington, MD The Highgate Hotel October 4 Northampton, U.K. For more information on this Mid-Atlantic September 20-21 Elevator Chapter of NAEC (MAEC) event,

contact Shawn Cowden of the National Association of Elevator Contractors (NAEC) at (770) 760-9660 or Shawn@ naec.org. ISO/TC 178 Plenary and Working Groups Meetings New Delhi, India October 9-13 ISO/TC 178 working groups will meet throughout the week, with the plenary meeting taking place on October 12. For more information, visit the International Organization for Standardization's website: www.iso.org. Interlift 2017 Augsburg Trade Fair Augsburg, Germany October 17-20 For more information or to register, visit www.interlift.de. CTBUH 2017 Conference Sydney, Australia October 30-November 3 This year’s topic is “Connecting the City: People, Density & Infrastructure.” For more information, contact organizer the Council on Tall Buildings and Urban Habitat (CTBUH) at email: info@ ctbuh2017.com or website: www. ctbuh2017.com.

Continued

10

www.elevatorworld.com • September 2017


The ancient Roman ruins of Mérida, Spain, will be the backdrop for the Mechanics of Slender Structures (MoSS 2017) meeting on December 14-15.

December Mechanics of Slender Structures Mérida, Spain December 14-15 For more information on the seventh iteration of this symposium, visit website: goo.gl/7K9eBe.

2018 January ASME A17 Elevator Code Week Sheraton Sand Key Clearwater Beach, Florida January 8-11 For more information, contact the American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME) at website: www.asme.org.

February LIFTECH Expo Cairo International Convention & Exhibition Center Cairo, Egypt February 1-3 For more information, email info@ltf-eg. com or visit www.liftechexpo.com. International Elevator & Escalator Expo Bombay Convention & Exhibition Centre Mumbai, India February 27-March 1 For more information or to reserve a

ASME A17 Code Week meetings will take place on October 2-5 in Toronto.

booth, contact organizer Messe Frankfurt at website: ieeexpo.in.messefrankfurt.com.

April NAEC Spring Educational Conference Sheraton Carlsbad Resort & Spa Carlsbad, CA April 15-18 For more information, contact Alesa McArthur of the National Association of Elevator Contractors (NAEC) at toll free: (800) 900-6232, phone: (770) 760-9660 or email: Alesa@naec.org or visit website: www.naecconvention.com.

May World Elevator & Escalator Expo National Exhibition and Convention Center Shanghai, China May 8-11 For information, visit website: www. elevator-expo.com.

Elevcon Hotel Sofitel Berlin, Germany May 22-24 Details and registration information for the 22nd world congress of the International Association of Elevator Engineers is available at www.elevcon.com. 44th Annual CECA Convention Calgary, Canada May 29-June 1 For more information or to register, visit the Canadian Elevator Contractors Association (CECA) website at ceca-acea. org.

September

Symposium on Lift and Escalator Technologies Northampton, U.K. September 19-20 For more information on this annual event, which offers an opportunity for speakers to Symposium on Lift and Escalator present peer-reviewed papers on the Technologies Hong Kong, China subject of their research, visit liftsymposium.org. May 15 For more information on this annual event, which offers an opportunity for speakers to present peer-reviewed papers on the subject of their research, visit liftsymposium.org.

NAEC 69th Annual Convention and Exposition Sheraton & Atlantic City Convention Center Atlantic City, NJ September 24-27 Continued

12

www.elevatorworld.com • September 2017


Elevate Training Courses London — September 7, 2017 Hong Kong — November 23, 2017 Sydney — November 27, 2017 Dubai — February 20, 2018 Elevate Training Courses (Advanced) London — September 8, 2017 Hong Kong — November 24, 2017 Sydney — November 28, 2017 Dubai — February 21, 2018 For complete details on Elevate Training Courses, contact Peters Research Ltd. at website: www. peters-research.com/ training. American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME) International Professional Development Course For information on all courses, contact ASME toll free: (800) 843-2763, outside North America: (973) 882-1170, fax: (973) 882-1717 or (973) 882-5155 or email: infocentral@asme.org. NAESA International QEI and Code Training For more information on all NAESA International Education programs and QEI testing, contact Bob Shepherd at phone: (609) 780-5551 or email: bob@naesai.org.

Bestseller List -July 2017 1

2015 Field Employees’ Safety Handbook published by Elevator World, Inc.

2

ELEVATOR WORLD Print Subscriptions published by Elevator World, Inc..

3

Inspection Handbook, 6th edition by Zack McCain

4

Lift Modernisation Design Guide, 2nd edition by Roger Howkins

5

Elevators 101, 3rd Edition by Zack McCain

6

CET Course I - “Introduction to Elevators� published by Elevator World, Inc.

7

Pedestrian Planning and Design by John Fruin

8

CET Course 2- “Basis of Installing Elevator Components� published by Elevator World, Inc.

9

Hydraulic Elevator & Escalator Maintenance Log Book by Log Books Unlimited

10

Safety Meetings, 7th Edition by Elevator World, Inc.

Check out the top ten bestsellers from Elevator World’s Online bookstore. These items and many more available at:

elevatđ&#x;Œ?rbooks.com ELEVATOR WORLD’S ONLINE BOOKSTORE

14

www.elevatorworld.com • September 2017

For more information, contact Alesa McArthur of the National Association of Elevator Contractors (NAEC) at toll free: (800) 9006232, phone: (770) 760-9660 or email: Alesa@naec.org or visit website: www.naecconvention.com.

Regional Meetings and Events Canadian Elevator Contractors Association (CECA) Central Region Meetings are held the first Thursday in February, April, October and December. Contact CECA at phone: (905) 446-0327, email: office@ceca-acea.org or website: www.ceca-acea.org. CECA Eastern and Western Regions Four meetings per year on an as-needed basis. Contact CECA at phone: (905) 446-0327, email: office@ceca-acea.org or website: www.ceca-acea.org. Chicago Elevator Association (CEA) First Thursday of each month, September-June (no meetings during July and ­August). Contact Tom Przybyla at phone: (708) 371-2444 or fax: (708) 371-2477. Elevator Association of Florida Meetings are held on the second Tuesday of January, April, July and October. Contact Treasurer Lee Rigby at phone: (850) 294-1070, fax: (850) 210-0085, email: elevatorlee@aol.com. Elevator Association of Minnesota (EAM) September, December, spring and a June golf outing. ­Contact Rick Lowenberg of Minnesota Elevator, Inc. at phone: (507) 245-4208. Elevator Conference of New York (ECNY) Dates to be announced on the ECNY website. Contact ECNY at email: info@ecnyweb.com or website: www.ecnyweb.com. International Association of Elevator Consultants – New York (IAEC-New York Region) Meets quarterly in March, June, ­September and ­December on the ­second Tuesday in New York, NY. ­Contact Joe Neto, Jr. at email: jneto@josephneto.com. Massachusetts Elevator Safety Association (MESA) Meetings are held on the second Tuesday of each month (except June, July and August) at Jake & Joe's on Route 1, Norwood, MA. Contact President Brian Hilfrank at phone: (781) 707-6652, Treasurer Joe Zarba at phone: (508) 586-3610, email: mesassoc@ hotmail.com or website: www.mesassoc.com. Northern California Elevator Industry Group (NCEIG) Third Wednesday of each month (except July and August). Contact NCEIG at website: www.nceig.org for meeting dates and locations. An expanded calendar with associated industry events is available at website: www.elevatordirectory.com/event .


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Comments Gustav Wolf USA Celebrates Milestone, Success

Dr. Ernst Wolf, managing director of Gustav Wolf GmbH, is pleased to announce that July 2017 marked the 10th anniversary of the establishment of Gustav Wolf USA, Inc. with an office in North Carolina. This location was opened to serve the needs of the distributors and customers of Gustav Wolf in North America, and has helped us grow into the most popular brand of elevator wire rope in North America. Included among our customers are all the major and mid-size elevator producers and many independent elevator companies. Our growth has resulted from offering a full line of elevator wire rope designed to meet the requirements of the elevator industry in the North American market and from the excellent support provided by Draka Elevator Products, Gustav Wolf ’s primary distributor. The fact that Gustav Wolf, in partnership with Draka, provides a local presence and technical support in the U.S., Canada and Mexico has been a major contributing factor to our success. Eric J. Lazear, director of Sales/Americas for Draka, offered his congratulations to Gustav Wolf, commenting: “Over the years, a close relationship has developed between Draka and Gustav Wolf, and we are very pleased to be a part of the success that Gustav Wolf has achieved in North America.� Richard Lindemeyer General Manager, North America Gustav Wolf Steel Wire & Steel Wire Ropes richard.lindemeyer@gustav-wolf.com

Good Times

In my end of the trade, I deal with many companies in markets all around the country. It seems very clear that the economy is in such a state that everyone is being afforded opportunities to work. In fact, it would appear to be an even greater boom than we experienced in the late 1990s/early 2000s — a very good time to be in the elevator business! As a friend recently said, “If you’re in the elevator business, and you’re not busy right now, well, you probably suck and should start doing something else!� Jim Pummell Tri-State Drilling & Repair Inc. Punta Gorda, Florida (863) 263-0708

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www.elevatorworld.com • September 2017

Want to Own a Vintage Working Elevator Motor Model?

My father, Paul Kosuth, Sr., was a career mechanical engineer at Imperial Electric Co. in Kenmore, Ohio, retiring in the 1980s. He designed gearless electric motors for elevators. In the mid 1960s, he began building a scale model of one of his elevator-motor designs. I believe Imperial displayed this motor at tradeshows in the early 1970s. Both of my parents have passed, and we are working on their estate. I am wondering if there are any museums or individuals interested in purchasing this working model to use as a display piece. We have all of his original notes, drawings and other information on this project. The model is mounted in a wooden 20-X-16-X-16-in. box and weighs approximately 45 lb. Determining value is difficult but, based on our research, we would like to get US$4,000 for the motor and power supply. Feel free to contact me if interested. Paul Kosuth, Jr. (727) 252-6087 đ&#x;Œ? pkosuth@gmail.com   


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In Memoriam

Herbert L. Jennings

Herbert L. Jennings passed away on June 25 at the age of 83 at his home in Ventura, California. Jennings was drafted into the U.S. Army and, after an honorable discharge, hired as a draftsman for Elevator Maintenance Co. Ltd. in Los Angeles. This began a lifelong career in the elevator industry and made him a third-generation elevator man. Jennings then became an elevator mechanic, ultimately establishing his own company, H.L. Jennings, Inc. Later in his career, he became an elevator inspector for the State of California, retiring at the age of 72. Jennings was very well respected in the industry and guided the elevator career paths of his two sons, Greg and David. Jennings is survived by his wife of 62 years, Angela, his sons and his daughter, Wendy, as well as many other family members. In lieu of flowers, a memorial donation may be made in Jennings’ name to the Elevator Escalator Safety Foundation (www.eesf.org). His loved ones state: “We celebrate his life as an amazing elevator man and a loving husband, father, brother and friend. We will miss his jokes and silly lines, his smile, his caring counsel and his genuine heart. Herb was not only a gentleman, but a gentle man. He will be missed greatly, but we are comforted knowing he is with the Lord. As he entered the eternal elevator, we know the operator said, ‘Going up!’�

Michael “Mike� Redmond

Michael “Mike� Redmond passed away on July 5 in Hamilton, Canada. He was in the elevator business for more than 40 years as an owner of Niagara Elevator Inc. and, most recently, Niagara Elevator Installations Inc. He was also a Canadian Elevator Contractors Association member. He is survived by wife of 43 years, Lorelle Johnson; brothers and sisters; five children; and five grandchildren.

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www.elevatorworld.com • September 2017

Giovanni Ferrarini

The European Federation for Elevator Small and Medium-Sized Enterprises (EFESME) mourns the passing of its honorary president, Giovanni Ferrarini. Services were held for Ferrarini, who was in his early 70s, on July 3 in Parma, Italy. Ferrarini’s commitment to the federation led to its board of directors appointing him honorary president in 2013. His roots in the elevator industry run deep. He founded Farma Ascensori in Italy in 1970, growing the company into an international player. Ferrarini served as president of ANACAM (Italian elevator association) for 14 years, stepping down in 2004. EFESME stated: “Since the establishment of and, especially during, the crucial first steps of our federation, Ferrarini contributed to its growth, first as secretary general and then as president. The board of directors and the Brussels office, on behalf of all the members of the federation, express our deepest condolences to his family.�

George H. Becker

George H. Becker of Lansdowne, Pennsylvania, a longtime elevator man and clock enthusiast, passed away on July 12 at the age of 72. An Army veteran who served in Okinawa, Japan, Becker worked in the elevator services department of Westinghouse, then Schindler, for 40 years before retiring in 2012. He was a member of the International Union of Elevator Constructors Local 5. He is survived by his wife of 49 years, Cora; children, Susan, James, Penny and Steven; seven grandchildren; and three brothers. Services were held in July at Bethany Evangelical Church in Havertown. Memorial donations for cancer research may be made to the Lankenau Medical Center Oncology Department, c/o David Phillips, Lankenau Development Office, 100 E. Lancaster Avenue, đ&#x;Œ? Wynnewood, Pennsylvania 19096.   


U.S. News

Business From hires to honors, companies are busy across the nation.

Isenberg

Dylan Isenberg is the new Government Affairs director at the National Elevator Industry, Inc. (NEII®), headquartered in Centreville, Virginia. In this role, he advocates for regulations and policies that support the goals of NEII and its member companies. Isenberg works with the government affairs team to develop and manage lobbying strategies for issues affecting the elevator industry. He comes to NEII from Building Owners and Managers Association (BOMA) International, where he served as manager of advocacy. While at BOMA, Isenberg lobbied members of Congress on behalf of BOMA members, published articles on various legislative and regulatory issues affecting commercial real estate and managed the association’s political action committee. Prior to his role at BOMA, Isenberg worked on Capitol Hill as a special assistant to Sen. Sheldon Whitehouse (D-Rhode Island). Isenberg received his BA in Government from Hamilton College in Clinton, New York.

Motion Acquires Parts Supplier Numatic Nationwide parts distributor Motion Industries, Inc., a wholly owned subsidiary of Genuine Parts Co., has acquired Numatic Engineering of Los Angeles. Founded in 1955, Numatic has more than 60 years of experience selling and supporting automation components with a UL 508 listing. Its products include pneumatic automation, electrical motion controls, programmable logic controllers, variable-frequency drives, machine vision, sensors, industrial communication and robotics. It has built a presence throughout California and Nevada. Steve Leach, Numatic president, commented: “After meeting with several potential buyers, we found a cultural fit with Motion and are very pleased to become part of their team. Becoming part of Motion assures that our employees will be well cared for in the future and that we will have the ability to continue to service our customers and represent our supplier partners in the way which they are accustomed. At the same time, we’ll now have access to even greater capabilities and resources. . . .” Tim Breen, president and CEO of Motion, said the addition of Numatic continues to build upon and complement Motion’s

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growth strategy in industrial plant floor automation and that Numatic will be operated as part of Motion’s Automation Solutions group, which includes Braas Co., acquired in October 2016.

TEI Makes Several Announcements New York City (NYC)-based verticaltransportation (VT) contractor TEI Group has recently made several company announcements. In May, it launched a new website, www.teigroup.com. With the launch, the site offers a modern look that includes a News section with company updates, as well as “the latest developments” within the industry, the company says. The easily navigated site has other convenient drop-down menus, as well, covering TEI’s products and services. There is a useful section about upcoming changes to codes and a news archive. The “Contact Us” link takes users to a convenient message form, as well as a listing of general contact information. In late June, TEI announced that Steven Bonardi joined the company as maintenance manager. In this role, he is responsible for managing a service zone covering Brooklyn, Queens, Bronx and Uptown Manhattan. Bonardi came to TEI with more than 30 years’ VT experience, including positions with BOCA Group Bonardi

Isenberg New Government Affairs Director at NEII

Continued

TEI’s new website offers an easy-to-navigate online experience for visitors.


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consulting, Consolidated Edison Elevator Division, thyssenkrupp and Archer Elevator. Noting that he has worked with and alongside TEI for “most of my career,” Bonardi said, “I am now part of this outstanding team and couldn’t be happier.” In other news, TEI announced it has won a contract to modernize six elevators at Baruch College’s Lawrence and Eris Field Building at 17 Lexington Avenue in NYC. TEI will provide overhead gearless elevators as part of a general renovation of the 1929 building, an overhaul with a goal of attaining Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design Silver designation from the U.S. Green Building Council.

Harmar Recognized by Local Charity Accessibility manufacturer Harmar Mobility, LLC of Sarasota, Florida, received the Hero of Freedom Award at the Wheelchairs 4 Kids Heroes Appreciation Lunch on June 21. Harmar has supported the charity by significantly reducing the cost of providing wheelchair lifts for vehicles and installation services, consulting and fundraising for it since mid 2016. The nonprofit provides wheelchairs, in-home assistive technologies and other products and services not covered by insurance to qualifying families, and organizes events for them to attend. Madeline Robinson of Wheelchairs 4 Kids said Harmar’s assistance had helped it reach 75 children so far.

David Baxter of Harmar receives the Hero of Freedom Award, the charity’s highest, from Wheelchairs 4 Kids Executive Director Madeline Robinson at the Safety Harbor, Florida, event.

Draka Achieves Safety Milestone The North Carolina operations of Draka Elevator Products, an integrated business of Prysmian Group, surpassed 1 million hours worked without a lost-time accident in April. The milestone was achieved in February for all of Draka’s North American operations. The achievement represents the work of more than 300 employees, each of whom was honored with a steak lunch, commemorative T-shirt and letter of thanks. The last occurrence of a lost-time accident was recorded more than two years ago. Wynne Ellis, global director of Operations, stated: “Our goal is that every employee returns safely home to their family after each shift. We are especially proud of our employees to have reached this milestone and encourage everyone to focus on safety for the next million hours.”

Gabis Takes Strategic Sales Role at Bay State

Gabis

Bay State Elevator has announced that Courtney Gabis is joining the company’s sales department, where she will be responsible for developing elevator modernization opportunities and pursuing large maintenance accounts. Gabis joins Bay State from KONE, bringing a background that includes print and digital marketing campaigns, and developing new clients. She has extensive expertise related to local and state code compliance. Gabis has more than 12 years’ experience in the elevator industry, starting with thyssenkrupp, where she designed solutions for customers looking to upgrade their vertical-transportation capabilities, and where she was recognized multiple times for sales leadership. Regarding her new role, Gabis said, “I look forward to contributing to the Bay State Elevator sales team and continuing to grow the Bay State Elevator brand.” Peter Kalousdian, director of sales at Bay State, said, “We are thrilled to welcome Courtney to our team at Bay State Elevator. Not only will she bring a tighter focus on customer relationship quality, but she will also provide a new dimension of growth for reaching potential clients.”

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U.S. News

Chicago Towers: more announced, progress made.

Big Proposal in Chicago From Vista Tower Developer

Foundation Pour for Michigan Avenue Apartment Tower

Magellan Development Group and its partners hope to build a quartet of towers ranging from 40 to 80 stories in the 28-acre Lakeshore East mixed-use development in Chicago, the Chicago Tribune reported. Magellan, with a Chinese partner, is already building the 94-story Vista Tower, which will be Chicago’s third-tallest building upon completion (ELEVATOR WORLD, June 2015 and July 2016). With Australia’s Lendlease, Magellan plans towers of approximately 40, 50 and 80 stories with 1,400 condos along Lake Shore just south of the Chicago River. With South Korea’s Hanwha Engineering & Construction, it aims to build a 60-story tower with 640 apartments and approximately 570 hotel rooms. bKL is the architect of the project, which includes rounded towers that would contrast with the angularity of Vista.

Power Construction recently handled the first concrete pour for the 56-story, 607-ft.-tall Essex on the Park at 808 S. Michigan Avenue, Curbed Chicago reported. The effort involved 950 cu. yd. of concrete and 168 T. of rebar. The US$240-million project includes redevelopment of the Essex Inn, which opened in 1961, next door. Designed by HPA, the new, glassy tower is set to contain approximately 480 apartments, ground-level retail and parking across from Grant Park. It is scheduled for completion in 2019.

bKL Architecture designed new skyscrapers proposed in Lake Shore East.

Essex on the Park; image from HPA

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Condo Tower Planned Next to Historic Seattle Church A church, built in the 1890s in Seattle’s First Hill neighborhood, is set to get a neighbor: a 30-story condominium tower that will also house operations such as a food bank and other nonprofits, Curbed Seattle reported. Trinity Episcopal Parish sold development rights to Australia’s Caydon Property Group but will retain ownership of the property, which will have “affordable” units. Chicago-based SCB Architects and Clint Pehrson Architect are the designers. The tower will contain approximately 200 units. Construction is expected to start next year and be complete by 2020.

Tallest Building West of the Mississippi Opens in L.A.

Amid a light show and parties, developers of the Wilshire Grand Center in Los Angeles celebrated the opening of the tallest building west of the Mississippi River on June 23, U.S. News and World Reports says. The 1,100-ft.-tall, 73-story building bests the old record-holder — the nearby U.S. Bank Tower — by more than 80 ft. With its glass-and-steel crown designed to represent Yosemite’s Half Dome, Wilshire Grand is the first modern skyscraper built in L.A. that does not have a flat roof. The building houses an 889-room InterContinental Hotel, 350,000 sq. ft. of office space, retail outlets and several restaurants. The building also features exterior LEDs that can be programmed to give the building colorful illumination and graphic visuals. It is one of several new skyscrapers opening in or planned for L.A., which has witnessed a downtown renaissance in recent years.

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The Wilshire Grand towers above nearby buildings in downtown Los Angeles; photo by Wikimedia user Fredchang931124.

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U.S. News

New York City LIC, Manhattan garner further attention for building tall.

Durst’s Big Plans for LIC Clock Tower Site The Durst Organization has big plans for 29-55 Northern Boulevard in Long Island City (LIC) in Queens: a 63-story building containing approximately 760 residential rental units and 8,700 sq. ft. of commercial space, The Real Deal reported. The project, near the site of the historic Clock Tower, was designed by Michael Arad of Handel Architects and encompasses nearly 1 million sq. ft. By unit count, it promises to be one of the largest residential developments in Queens. Durst has been busy throughout the city and particularly in Queens, with plans there for approximately 2,400 apartments in multiple buildings along the waterfront in Astoria (ELEVATOR WORLD, December 2014).

Michael Arad of Handel Architect designed Durst’s latest project in LIC. The Clock Tower is in the foreground.

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Landmark Fifth Avenue Building to Make Way for Tower The turn-of-the century Beaux Arts Kaskel & Kaskel building at the corner of Fifth Avenue and West 32nd Street in Manhattan will be replaced by a 40-story mixed-use tower designed by Kohn Pedersen Fox (KPF), DNAinfo New York reported. KPF filed plans to build the 539-ft.-tall tower with the New York City Department of Buildings in July. The project includes lower-level retail, condominiums starting on the eighth floor and resident amenities. Kaskel & Kaskel was a men’s clothier that catered to the rich and famous, including President Theodore Roosevelt.

The historic Kaskel & Kaskel building, which housed a clothing store catering to the rich and famous; image from Wikimedia Commons


GAL Launches New Website

GAL Manufacturing Co. has launched a redesigned website that it says will “provide customers with a richer, more engaging user experience. . . specially tailored to the needs of today’s mobile and PC-based audiences.â€? The new site, www.gal.com, offers visitors a “rebranded corporate appearanceâ€? and includes an easy-to-navigate interface with quick access to libraries of company sales, product and informational literature; a media section with updated corporate news; and an up-to-date calendar of events. Steven Ort, vice present of sales and marketing, said the site will offer customers quick access to information and allow GAL to continue to deliver unsurpassed service. “Providing our customers with more accessible and comprehensive information makes them far more productive, which we believe will make their experience with our company more satisfying and rewarding overall,â€? đ&#x;Œ? he said.   

The redesigned GAL website offers a clean, easy-to-navigate look for visitors; there is also quick access to related companies HollisterWhitney Elevator Corp. and GAL Canada.

The site also includes an enhanced Media/Information section that offers increased focus on customer outreach and updates on what’s going on at GAL.

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International News

Rotterdam Interesting new apartments to take shape in Dutch port city.

New Tallest Residential Tower for City Center

The Sax to Join “Manhattan on the Maas”

In approximately two years, Rotterdam, the Netherlands, is expected to have a new tallest residential tower in the form of the V8 Architects-designed, 150-m-tall Cooltoren, ArchDaily reported. Designed to complement “the post-war urban fabric of the district and embody Rotterdam’s historical double-layered characteristics — the low rise and the skyline,” Cooltoren will have a trio of crowns, each featuring balconies, which, at the middle and top, wrap around the façade. There will be a total of 50 floors with approximately 280 apartments in the Baan Quarter. Construction had been expected to start sometime this year and be complete around 2019.

Dutch architecture firm MVRDV has won a design competition for The Sax, a structure consisting of 51-story, 150- and 70-m-tall towers linked by a skybridge in Rotterdam, World Architecture News reported. Containing approximately 450 apartments, a hotel, a wellness center and commercial facilities within 82,000 m2, the structure will further add to Rotterdam’s “Manhattan on the Maas” skyline overlooking the Rhine River distributary. Developers BPD Bouwfonds Property Development, Ontwikkeling B.V. and SYNCHROON Ontwikkelaars, in conjunction with the municipality of Rotterdam, are behind the project.

Cooltoren, designed by V8 Architecture, in the Baan Quarter

The Sax will form part of “Manhattan on the Maas”; image from MVRDV.

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NAEC 2017 Exposition

TSSA Unexpectedly Rescinds Order Ontario’s Technical Standards and Safety Authority (TSSA) has rescinded a sweeping three-year-old upgrade directive. According to CP 24, the industry has reacted with both surprise and anger. At issue are older single-speed elevators typically found in lower-rise buildings. In 2014, TSSA ordered all of them in the province (700-1,200) to be significantly upgraded by improving leveling accuracy to less than 1 cm. The deadline for compliance was the end of 2021. However, on the week of July 17, TSSA Director Roger Neate decided the mandate was no longer necessary, explaining, “TSSA has continued to monitor and review incident, maintenance and inspection order data. The outcome is that the data trends do not support the mandatory upgrade of single-speed elevator-motion controls.” Doug Guderian, CEO of contractor Elevator One and Canadian Elevator Contractors Association vice-president/treasurer, commented that TSSA did float the idea of rescinding the order at an industry town-hall meeting in November 2016, but that was followed by silence. Speaking of the rescission, Guderian said objections raised were not addressed and added: “Should I be advising my building owners to act right away on future director’s orders? Maybe you want to wait a few years and see if they rescind this one, too? That doesn’t help the industry in any way to be safer.” Consultant Rob Isabelle said the decision raises questions about the quality of data the authority relied on in 2014 versus now. CP 24 reported that, also in July, TSSA “awarded consulting firm Deloitte a CAD300,000 (US$239,460) contract to carry out potentially groundbreaking research that aims to get at the causes of elevator outages or otherwise poor service and offer solutions.” TSSA also said it is mandating risk-mitigating measures, including maintenance tasks to be done every two months and an annual requirement to take apart, examine and maintain elevator brake components. A government-ordered review is expected to be complete in the fall.

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ELGO_AZ_LimaxSafe_92,08x247,65mm_Elevator_Magazine_korr.indd 1

24.08.17 12:16


International News

Australia Tall-building activity throughout the mainland and beyond

Largest-Ever Lift Modernization in Melbourne Rialto, an iconic office property at 525 Collins Street in Melbourne, is undergoing an AUS$200-million (US$134-million) upgrade that includes the largest lift modernization ever undertaken in Australia, according to Whitfield Rose Pty. Ltd., which handled design specifications. Otis is providing equipment for the elevator modernization, set to conclude in 2021. Existing technology in 33 Otis Elevonic 201 gearless passenger elevators, two Elevonic 401 gearless goods elevators and three geared E30 car-park elevators will be replaced with new gearless AC technology, including Otis’ CompassPlusTM destinationmanagement system. Speed of both passenger and service lifts will be increased. Energy-monitoring equipment is included in Whitfield Rose’s specifications to measure energy consumption before, during and after the project. Special lighting features with colors that change depending on lift position, season and weather will be added to elevators serving the 55th-floor restaurant, Vue de Monde. Designed by Gerard de Preu and Partners with Perrott Lyon Mathieson, the distinctive concrete-and-glass Rialto was completed in 1986 and was, for years, the tallest building in Melbourne at 270 m to its spire with 58 above-ground stories. Woods Bagot designed the modernization, which will include more than 6,000 m2 of office, retail and restaurant space, and tenants will be kept apprised of the progress by property manager JLL. The property is owned by Rialto Joint Venture.

Revised Two-Tower Residential Scheme for Brisbane Suburb Developer Land and Homes Group has submitted a revised plan for a residential development in the Fortitude Valley suburb of Brisbane, consisting of 26- and 37-story towers containing nearly 500 apartments, landscaped public space, retail and amenities, brisbanedevelopment.com reported. The old plan had a series of at least five tightly spaced buildings. Designed by Rothelowman, the new design has an enhanced podium with greenery spread throughout, natural ventilation to promote sustainability and enhanced streetscaping. A landscaped recreation deck for residents with a pool, seating, fire pit and barbecue area is also part of the project, slated for a site at 44-100 Barry Parade.

An artist’s rendering of the revised Fortitude Valley plan in Brisbane

Alimak Providing Equipment for Sydney Harbour Resort

The distinctive Rialto office property

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Alimak Group has been awarded a US$6.25-million contract by Lendlease to provide vertical-access equipment for the Crown Sydney Hotel Resort, under construction in Sydney Harbour. Designed by Wilkinson Eyre, the 73-story structure will become Sydney’s tallest building. Alimak’s contract runs until 2020, with most of the equipment, including construction hoists, to be delivered in 2017 and 2018. Alimak CEO Tormod Gunleiksrud stated: “Alimak has worked closely with Lendlease on a number of projects in recent years to ensure we provide safe, reliable and efficient solutions that meet the needs of the Lendlease requirements for environment, health and safety. We are proud to Continued


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extend our partnership with this exciting project that will further develop the Barangaroo area of Sydney Harbour.”

balconies. Executive Vice President of KONE Asia Pacific Axel Berkling said KONE is excited to be involved in a project that “will form the face of Sydney’s next generation of skyscrapers.” Completion is anticipated in 2019.

Continued

Crown Sydney Resort will be Sydney’s first six-star luxury hotel; image from Wilkinson Eyre.

KONE Providing VT for Sydney’s Tallest Residential Tower KONE has been selected to provide the vertical transportation (VT) for what will be the tallest residential building in Sydney, the 67-story, 235-m-tall Greenland Centre being developed by Greenland Australia and built by ProBuild. The 10-unit order includes MonoSpace®, MiniSpaceTM and TranSysTM elevators. A JumpLiftTM self-climbing elevator is being used during construction. Containing more than 400 apartments, Greenland Centre will have a five-floor “creative hub” and glass-fronted

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Greenland Centre in Sydney was designed by BVN with interiors by Woods Bagot.

Stiltz Launches Website for Canada Home elevator manufacturer Stiltz Lifts is now marketing in Canada with a new website (www.stiltzliftscanada.com). All sales of its residential elevators in Canada will continue to be delivered from Stiltz USA, based in Pennsylvania. Future objectives include expanding its dealer sales channel in Canada by appointing more partners, eventually providing full coverage across the country, which it enjoys in the U.S. and U.K. The company was founded in the U.K. in 2010 and opened the North American headquarters three years later.


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Melbourne’s Tallest Skyscraper Tops Out The core of Victoria One, Melbourne’s tallest skyscraper, topped out at 271 m in June, The Urban Developer reported. Located in the central business district and developed by Golden Age Group, the structure was designed by Elenberg Fraser. Its shimmery green façade reflects an energy-efficient design and inspiration from earth, rock, water and vegetation. Residents of more than 230 apartments up to the 39th of 78 floors have already moved in, as the structure was built by Probuild to accommodate Victoria One, designed by Elenberg Fraser, is phased occupancy. Melbourne’s tallest skyscraper. Ultimately, there will be more than 620 apartments, three floors of amenities, ground-level retail and Melbourne’s largest internal car-stacking machine. Victoria One is slated for completion by June 2018.

Height of Proposed Tasmanian Hotels Sparks Controversy The Fragrance Group, Singaporean developer of a pair of proposed hotels in Hobart, is getting flak from local officials concerned the structures will mar the historic character of their city, capital of the Australian island state of Tasmania, ABC News reported. The Fragrance Group has increased heights of the proposed buildings by 90 m to 120 m for a Davey A rendering of Fragrance Group’s proposed Street hotel and by 21 Davey Street hotel m to 94 m for one on Collins Street. The 120-m-tall structure would have 186 m of inhabitable floors and a 24-m-tall spire. A Hobart councilman also voiced concerns about lack of infrastructure. A consultant hired by the city recommended against any new structures taller than 75 m. Hobart’s current tallest building is the Wrest Point Casino at 73 m.

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the vibration and sound that people feel and hear, yet allows analysis of the broad-band vibration and sound that is the result of the function of all dynamic aspects of the elevator system. Problems with roller guides,

identification of problem areas so that corrective actions can be targeted quickly and precisely. The EVA system uniquely provides the ability to measure

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International News

Transitions Companies, organizations appoint leaders, build staff.

Fischer

Kyushima Returns to Managing Director Role at TJEI

Kyushima

Junichi Kyushima is the new managing director at Toshiba Johnson Elevators India Pvt. Ltd. (TJEI), effective July 6. He most recently served as vice president of Toshiba Elevator and Building Systems Corp., and, as part of its senior-management team, played a vital role in global business operations. Kyushima previously served as managing director of TJEI from 2012 to 2015. Kyushima said that working closely with Johnson Lifts, TJEI intends to focus on building strong customer relationships and trust to become a top player in the industry in India.

EFESME Elects New Secretary General, Appoints Treasurer The European Federation for Small and Medium-Sized Enterprises (EFESME) elected Luciano Faletto secretary general and appointed Massimo Bezzi treasurer during its general assembly in Brussels in June. A lift-industry expert familiar with the standardization process, Faletto has represented EFESME since its inception through participation in working groups and technical

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www.elevatorworld.com • September 2017

Bezzi

Faletto

Dr. Jasmin Fischer is the new head of Media Relations at thyssenkrupp Elevator, responsible for press related to elevator technology worldwide. She reports directly to Head of Communications Luis Ramos. Fischer has many years’ experience as a journalist and editor in Germany, the U.K. and the U.S. She is adept at intercultural management, project management and international reporting. She has held various roles with Essen, Germany-based newspaper Westdeutsche Allgemeine Zeitung, including foreign correspondent and London office manager. Fischer studied at the University of Leipzig, the State University of New York at Binghamton and the John F. Kennedy Institute for North American Studies in Berlin, holding degrees in Political Science, Journalism and American Studies.

committees at the European and international levels. Bezzi is president of ICM Lift Components, headquartered in Italy, as well as a member of Elevator World, Inc.’s board of directors. Bezzi serves as vice president of EFESME, which thanked outgoing Secretary General Giuseppe Iotti and Treasurer Bruno Venditti for their service.

Corrigan Joins SCHAEFER Elevator Components Sales Team Todd Corrigan is a new sales representative at SCHAEFER Elevator Components, Inc., headquartered in Surrey, Canada, becoming a point of contact for SCHAEFER customers throughout North America. Corrigan has been involved in industries such as manufacturing, health sciences and consulting. He holds an MBA from Royal Roads University in Victoria, Canada, and an undergraduate degree from the University of Manitoba. The company said Corrigan “brings a great deal of experience as a solutions provider, and we are confident that customers will be very satisfied with the. . . customer service he provides.” Corrigan

New Head of Media Relations at thyssenkrupp Elevator

International INDUSTRY NEWS Send to the editor: P.O. Box 6507, Mobile, AL 36660 or email: editorial@elevatorworld.com


The journey is as important as the destination Whether traveling to their next adventure or commuting through their daily routine, helping your riders reach their destination in a smarter, more connected way will leave them with an experience they won’t forget.


Agreement Signed to Build Asia’s Tallest Tower Diversified business company Al Aman Group has announced an agreement to build the World Capital Centre (WCC), a megatall mixed-use skyscraper in Colombo, Sri Lanka, that would be the tallest tower in Asia, the Daily Mirror reports. The WCC developer entered into a US$2-billion investment agreement with the Board Of Investment on June 30. According to the report, the WCC will include 117 floors and climb to a height of 625 m. The building will be situated in the heart of Colombo’s commercial area and offer 1,200 residential units, 2,000 hotel rooms, 3,000 retail outlets and 5,000 parking spaces. Luxury amenities will include a “seven-star” hotel with presidential suites, complete with gold-plated interior touches. It will also have 20 swimming pools, Sri Lanka’s first Michelin-starred restaurant and the world’s fastest double-decker elevators, according to the report. Topping off the amenities will be an observation deck and rooftop helipad. There will be 800,000 m2 of floor space within the development. The report said the WCC will be the ninth-tallest building in the world when completed in 2022.

Artist’s rendering of World Capital Centre; courtesy of The Skyscraper Center

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After 25 years of developing elevator products for companies all over the world, including Draka and Adams Elevator, we are now pleased to introduce the NEW and IMPROVED 2600 Smart Seismic System from QMI. This user-friendly device detects ground movement in both the horizontal and vertical axis. When an earthquake is detected, the device will activate its relays and send an email notification that the device has alarmed. The new 2600 Smart Seismic System features a front LCD monitor in addition to the inside display to provide quick and easy visual feedback of the system’s status. The new 2600 Smart Seismic System also features a built-in Pit Water Detector. Now if water accumulates in the elevator pit, the device will generate an audible alarm, and trigger a signal relay. When fitted with an optional network communication module and connected to the internet through its built-in Ethernet port, the new 2600 Seismic System will send email notifications to your smartphone, tablet, or computer whenever an earthquake alarm, pit-water alarm, self-check error, or low-battery warning occurs. Using a simple web-based interface, the 2600 can be configured to send to any email address, using any standard SMTP server that you have access to, including servers that require SSL encryption, such as Yahoo! and Google Gmail.

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International News

China Mixed-use development generates work for KONE, and corporate headquarters take shape in Chengdu. KONE Outfitting Mixed-Use “Engineering Marvel” KONE is providing 196 units to Raffles City Chongqing, described as “one of the biggest engineering marvels being built in the world today,” consisting of a mall and eight towers with residential, office and hotel space at the confluence of the Yangtze and Jialing rivers. Designed by Moshe Safdie and developed by Chongqing CapitaLand Guyuxiongguan Property Co., Ltd., the development will span 1.12 million m2 and include two 350-m-tall towers. KONE will deliver 42 MonoSpace® and 41 MiniSpaceTM elevators, and 113 TravelMasterTM escalators. Special features include a heavy-duty high-rise elevator traveling at 6 mps and 20 escalators that cross expansion joints. One of the largest developments to receive Leadership in Engineering & Environmental Design Gold precertification, Raffles City Chongqing is scheduled for delivery in 2019.

start in September. Located in the Singapore-Sichuan high-tech innovation park, the 100,000-m2 development will also have a low-rise portion with retail, a hotel and a spa. The tower’s design is punctuated by voids with spiral stairs, rather than elevators, aimed at promoting interaction.

London’s Gianni Botsford Architects led the design team for a major mixed-use development for OPPO in China.

KONE Acquires Established German Firm Moshe Safdie, the firm behind Marina Bay Sands in Singapore (ELEVATOR WORLD, December 2013) designed Raffles City Chongqing.

42-Story “Vertical Village” Part of Chengdu Plan A 42-story “vertical village” that will serve as regional headquarters for one of China’s largest electronics companies, OPPO, is part of a major mixed-use development in Chengdu, designed by a team led by London’s Gianni Botsford Architects, Architects’ Journal reported. Vertical construction had been set to

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KONE has acquired Alois Kasper GmbH of Nonnweiler, Germany, founded in 1945 as a hoist specialist that evolved into an elevator installation, maintenance and modernization specialist. Today, the company has approximately 80 employees and more than 1,100 elevators in service. KONE Executive Vice President for Central and North Europe Thomas Hinnerskov said KONE is “very much looking forward to serving our new customers in Germany through this acquisition, which will strengthen our presence in the Saarland and Frankfurt regions.”


Aspiring Member for Dubai’s “Skyscraper Clubâ€? Dubai Investments plans to build a new icon in the emirate: a 70-story residential tower on Sheikh Zayed Road, next to Al Habtoor City and Aykon City (ELEVATOR WORLD, May 2016), arabianbusiness. com reported. Dubai Investments CEO Khalid bin Kalban said construction will start before the end of the year. Twenty percent of the US$272-million cost has been deposited with the Real Estate Regulatory Agency, and the developer plans to have up to US$123 million financed. The Sheikh Zayed Road tower will join 10 residential structures of 70 stories or more. They are, according to the Council on Tall Buildings and Urban Habitat, Princess Tower, 23 Marin, Elite Residence, The Torch (EW, January 2014), HHR Tower (EW, October 2007), Ocean Heights, Cayan Tower (EW, January 2011 and November 2014), Sulafa Tower, Marina Pinnacle and D1 Tower. At press time, the 91-story Damac Heights (EW, May 2017) had been đ&#x;Œ? set to open sometime this year.   

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Codes and Standards

Deadline Approaches for 40,000 NYC Elevators Devices like GAL FM1 can put units into compliance with new code by Peter Novak and Steven Ort The statistics pertaining to elevators can be eye-opening. For instance, according to ConsumerWatch.com, U.S. elevators make 18 billion trips a year.[1] As for safety, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics and the Consumer Product Safety Commission report that, on average, 27 people die, and 10,200 are injured every year nationwide in elevator accidents.[1] And, according to the U.S. Labor Department Census of Fatal Occupational Injuries, a little over half of the deaths occur during the repair, service or maintenance of elevator equipment, or affect people who use elevators as part of their daily employment (such as office workers).[1] For those with a penchant for percentages, an article by the Los Angeles Times estimated the elevator fatality rate to be 0.00000015% per trip.[3] This is a miniscule percentage, especially when you consider that automobile crashes claim 27 victims every 6-7 hours in the U.S.[4]

It’s not hard to imagine how one could be lulled into a sense of complacency, into thinking that the modern elevator is hardly in need of any modification or improvement. After all, there is a measure of risk, which some might call “acceptable risk,” that a person takes just getting out of bed or crossing the street. Fortunately, for professionals in the elevator industry, even a small percentage of failure, for any reason, is unacceptable. They understand that even the smallest error can create tragic results. They understand that with today’s 24/7 news cycle and social-media-driven reality, we live in a world where legions of personal-injury lawyers are constantly on the lookout for any elevator accident. Regulatory bodies and foresighted industry professionals have sought to add various features to the elevator to provide greater passenger safety. Unfortunately, as is often the case with Continued

The GAL FM1 system uses a microprocessor on its circuit board to detect door faults.

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www.elevatorworld.com • September 2017


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complicated devices, system improvement is also driven by tragic accidents. It was one such tragedy that led to a recent change in the New York City (NYC) Department of Buildings (DOB) Building Code, which must be addressed by January 1, 2020, for elevators to be in compliance. This code change has enormous implications; in fact, the provision impacts up to 40,000 elevators out of the 65,000 throughout the city. It addresses a safety issue that most of the public believes is implicit: that an elevator car will never move with its doors open. Unfortunately, that doesn’t always prove true.

A Tragedy Spurs a Change Many NYC industry professionals may still recall an incident from December 2011 where a young office worker was killed when the elevator doors at her workplace malfunctioned. Unfortunately, this was not the first instance where either a faulty car door mechanism, poor wiring technique or maintenance worker using a wire jumper — a practice service mechanics often use to bypass elevator safety mechanisms — resulted in a serious accident. The severity of this accident and its occurrence in such a prominent venue, however, were enough to grab headlines and make immediate action imperative. So, even as experts reviewed the circumstances behind the accident, the NYC DOB Elevator Code Committee moved quickly, lobbying the city council to adopt an addition to the building code. The addition, Appendix K3, Rule 3.10.12, says that means shall be provided to monitor the hall doors and car gate for faulty circuits, and, if a faulty circuit is detected, the elevator shall be

NAEC National Association of Elevator Contractors

GAL’s FMG1, working in conjunction with a Hollister-Whitney Rope Gripper®, can prevent unintentional car movement and ascending car overspeed motion.

prevented from operating and removed from service. This rule applies to all passenger and freight elevators under the jurisdiction of the NYC DOB and sets the deadline for compliance at January 1, 2020. Continued

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While the new rule is based a professional were looking to This code change has enormous employ a door and gate faulton ASME 17.1, Section 2.26.5, implications; in fact, the provision impacts monitoring system, it can “System to Monitor and Prevent sometimes be difficult to Automatic Operation of the up to 40,000 elevators out of the 65,000 determine whether a particular Elevator With Faulty Door throughout the city. It addresses a safety controller provides the feature. Contact Circuits,” its firm issue that most of the public believes is Though some manufacturers do deadline for compliance gave the call attention to it in their sales measure real teeth. Also, the fact implicit: that an elevator car will never literature, others mention it only that this provision would apply move with its doors open. Unfortunately, in passing, if at all. retroactively to all NYC elevators Door-lock monitoring, which made this case unique that doesn’t always prove true. is sometimes referred to as throughout the industry. “redundancy,” has been included Certainly, many of NYC’s newer in 17.1 code since 2000 and is in controls built to meet 2000 or elevator systems already feature controllers with the capability to subsequent codes. This means that most microprocessor-based monitor elevator door faults and prevent potential accidents, and controllers built since 2000 (and a few relay-based systems built have been installed for years. But, this code change could impact earlier) either come with monitor circuitry already installed or can up to 40,000 elevators and affect tens of millions of passenger trips [5] be connected to devices that have door fault-monitoring capability. a day. So, the question for many was not whether the rule change The problem NYC professionals face comes from the vast number was a good idea, but if it could be fully implemented in the time of elevators in the city using legacy equipment, which will not allowed and how much it would cost. easily permit fault monitoring to be added. Elevators are typically The Solutions at Hand required to meet only the code requirements in effect in the year Today, many companies offer door and gate fault-monitoring they were installed. The fact that this code change would be mechanisms as add-on features, but whether that option comes enforced retroactively was almost without precedent in the installed on a controller often depends on geography. As is often industry. the case, if an AHJ does not specify such a feature in its elevator Nearly 40 years ago, GAL Manufacturing Corp. developed code, it is often left out. Making the situation more difficult, even if technology that provides the ability to detect a jumped or faulty Continued

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Current elevators that are performing well may be in compliance with the installation of a new board to an existing controller. The only way to be sure of code compliance is to evaluate your system by using new test procedures mandated by the NYC DOB. door circuit. Called FM1, the monitoring circuit has been tested and proven, and has sold more than 10,000 units worldwide since its 1978 introduction. Over time, it has become a mainstay in GAL relay, programmable logic and microprocessor controls, and is compatible with most other makes of relay and solid-state controllers. Available today in microprocessor form, FM1 was designed, patented and manufactured by Walter Glaser of GAL. And, while originally created for an entirely different purpose, FM1’s true potential would be recognized many years later.

FM1: How It Was Developed and Why In the mid 1970s, the NYC elevator industry saw a huge rise in elevator vandalism. This problem was especially prevalent in the city’s housing projects, schools and college dorms. In addition to burdening building owners with the high cost of fixing demolished

buttons and tampered doors, mischief-makers would take dangerous thrill rides on the top of cars (called “elevator surfing”) or run the elevator with open doors. More than an expensive nuisance, such vandalism led to severe accidents. Pondering a solution, Glaser created rough schematic sketches and used them as the starting point for a series of product prototypes. After refining each variation over time through tests on GAL and non-GAL equipment, the company unveiled a simple solution to the problem under the descriptive but unwieldy name, “Elevator Door Tampering Protection System.” Its primary purpose was to make it impossible for vandals to tamper with the door interlock and gate switch. Any attempt to do so would prevent the elevator from running, keep the doors open and activate an alarm, indicating unauthorized personnel had interfered with the equipment. The design behind this door fault-monitoring circuitry was awarded a patent in 1978 and offered as an additional feature for all nonproprietary GAL controllers. It would soon earn a name that is much easier to remember — the FM1. Initial sales were sluggish, but after the company re-evaluated the device and saw its potential as a safeguard against car-door accidents caused by human error, GAL began to publicize the device’s merits in industry gatherings, educational forums and onsite visits. FM1 is now used globally and, since 2000, has been incorporated as a feature in all GAL microprocessor-based controllers. Other companies have since developed their own versions of the FM1. Continued

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How FM1 Works In simple terms, an elevator “knows” when to close its doors and depart from a landing, because the controller sends it a signal to do so. The signal is created when monitoring sensors within the car door gate switch make contact with sensors in the interlock on the landing door, completing an electrical circuit that lets the controller know it’s safe to move the elevator. While the system is highly reliable and has proven to be an effective way to do the job, it also offers a way for a maintenance mechanic to create an artificial bridge, or jumper. This would permit the door to stay open so service could be performed by making it appear to the controller that the door was actually closed. When it’s added to the system, FM1 demands that the electrical signals move forward in a predetermined order. If the specific sequence isn’t followed, the door will appear as open to the controller, which will then keep the car from moving and sound an alarm. This means the product meets the new NYC code provision by constantly monitoring the car and preventing operation with the doors open, regardless of whether an incorrect signal is relayed from the car-door or landing-door contact.

Impact From the Oncoming Deadline Some elevator professionals are only now starting to consider how the 2020 code change will affect them, and the overall pace to address the situation could best be described as sluggish. Considering that up to 40,000 elevators could be impacted, this has become a cause for concern for many, including GAL Vice President for Business & Development Doug Witham, who said:

“This is a requirement that NYC has to live with. There is a lot of work to be done to comply. I worry that it’s not being taken seriously enough. A lot of time has passed since this requirement was adopted, and it doesn’t seem like much of the work has been completed. I don’t think we should count on an extension.” On the bright side, the code only stipulates what the change is and when it must be implemented. It doesn’t require that existing equipment be changed; instead, equipment could be simply upgraded to comply. Modernizing an installation can be done at a fraction of the cost of a new system. And, while there may be some who will see any expense to address code compliance as a burden, the liability associated with noncompliance is huge. In addition to loss of service, it can include fines, canceled insurance coverage, legal liabilities and massive inconvenience to tenants. Current elevators that are performing well may be in compliance with the installation of a new board to an existing controller. Some may think a software upgrade to a controller that provides door fault-monitoring capability will be sufficient, but compliance doesn’t automatically follow. The only way to be sure of code compliance is to evaluate your system by using new test procedures mandated by the NYC DOB. In addition to the 2020 code situation, professionals also must consider the impact of NYC DOB Building Code Appendix K3 and Rule 3.8.4.1, which must be fulfilled by January 1, 2027. This requirement provides protection against unintentional car movement (UCM) as specified in A17.1 Section 2.19.2. It also requires one to either convert to a dual-plunger brake assembly or incorporate an emergency braking system to prevent UCM and Continued

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GAL’s GALaxy Controllers have had door faultmonitoring and Rope Gripper capabilities since 2000. Elevators that have these or similar capabilities should be in compliance with NYC code updates scheduled to go into effect in 2020 and 2027.

ascending car overspeed (ACO) motion. GAL’s FMG1 can monitor for UCM and ACO, and activate the Hollister-Whitney Rope Gripper® if either condition is indicated. Regardless of whether you are targeting the upcoming 2020 compliance deadline, or are being proactive and also thinking ahead to 2027, you should move quickly and consult with either GAL or others on how best to address the situation. The technical solutions are out there, and the costs for them are not prohibitive; indeed, the biggest challenge is time. For the NYC elevator industry, the countdown to compliance is well underway, and it can take up to six weeks just to obtain the necessary city permits to proceed. Waiting much longer could risk failure to meet the compliance deadline.

If It’s an NYC Problem, Why Should I Care? According to statistics, 12% of all U.S. elevators are found in NYC.[5] The impact of a retroactive code change applying to 40,000 elevators throughout NYC should make every professional in the industry take pause. In countries possessing rows of newly built skyscrapers and with plans to build even more, the idea of being proactive, while the fix is relatively easy to accomplish, is a logical one. No doubt, they will encounter problems, too, which means that many around the world will be closely following how the Big Apple handles its compliance situation and use those lessons to guide their efforts. The biggest question we in the industry face is a simple one: do we put off fixing a potential problem because the actual possibility of it being a cause for passenger death is low, or do we have a responsibility to try to remedy the situation because it is the right thing to do? Defining acceptable risk is always difficult, because everyone has his or her own view of acceptable risk. But, even a remote possibility of a fatality in an elevator is too great, especially for anyone who’s unfortunate enough to be the victim.

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A Hollister-Whitney Rope Gripper®

References

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[1] Consumerwatch.com. (consumerwatch.com/workplace-publicsafety/ elevators), Mar. 21, 2017. [3] Kaplan, Karen. “Are elevators really hazardous to your health?” (LA Times, Dec. 15, 2011). [4] www.livescience.com/17504-fatal-nyc-accident-elevators-safer-stairs.html. Mar. 20, 2017. [5] Vyas, Harry. “Summary Elevator Changes 2014 NYC BC,” presentation Nov. 18, 2015.

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Peter Novak is senior electronic engineer for GAL Manufacturing Corp. in Bronx, New York. He has worked within the elevator industry for more than 25 years, as an electrical engineer for Computerized Elevator Control Group, then joining GAL Manufacturing in 2004. He has both Bachelor’s and Master’s Degrees of Electrical and Electronics Engineering from the New York University Polytechnic School of Engineering. In addition, he is an Adjunct Assistant Professor at Queensboro Community College. He lives in the Greater NYC area. He is also a licensed Professional Engineer in the State of New York and Province of Ontario, Canada. Steven Ort joined GAL as vice president of Sales and Marketing in 2016. Prior to this, he served as vice president of Sales with Oerlikon Surface Solutions, a Swiss-based manufacturer providing global surface solutions, manmade fibers and advanced drive technologies. Ort has more than 25 years of industrial Marketing/Sales experience and holds a BS in Business from Central Michigan University, as well as an MBA from the University of Michigan Ross School of Business.

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Continuing Education

Traction for Field Personnel, Part Two Conclusion of series examines components used in electric elevator systems that provide safe traction.

by John W. Koshak In Part 1 (ELEVATOR WORLD, August 2017), we learned the design basics of traction, starting with friction up to how a designer establishes the required traction and then uses angle of wrap and groove design to ensure there is always adequate traction. Years and millions of operations affect the sheaves and ropes. While it is often preferable to change the ropes, their life can be extended with proper maintenance. This segment will detail maintenance and testing

Learning Objectives This Continuing Education article will provide education needed for elevator personnel who work on electric elevators to understand code requirements, measurement, testing and adjustments of traction to ensure the highest level of safety. In this article, the reader will learn: ♦♦ Which components are in a traction system ♦♦ That maintenance must include measurement of rope and sheaves at adequate frequencies to ensure compliance. ♦♦ That maintenance must include replacement of damaged ropes and sheaves when discovered. ♦♦ That rouging and other detrimental conditions affect replacement criteria. ♦♦ How to perform a traction test and what the code requires for performance.

required by code. It will focus only on steel wire ropes; however, new technologies will be mentioned, as they are seen in the market more frequently. The leading causes of loss of traction include improper counterweighting, hard braking, car overloading, excessive acceleration, fit factor (rope in groove), unequal tension and over lubrication. The code addresses these issues by requiring testing and maintenance. Simple visual examination is inadequate to make many of these evaluations of proper condition.

Components in a Traction System A suspension member is one of multiple members in a suspension means. The components of suspension means are detailed as follows.

Steel Wire Ropes Prior to 2010, the ASME A17.1/CSA B44 Safety Code for Elevators and Escalators only addressed two types of ropes: 8 X 19 and 6 X 19 stranded steel wire ropes (SWRs). Modified SWR constructions, non-steel ropes and coated belts were entering the marketplace and addressed in the code. The elevator traction world was no longer limited to just SWRs. However, SWRs had their own design improvements: compacted strands, coating, new rope constructions (such as 4, 5 and 9 strands), independent wire-rope core (IWRC) ropes, composite core ropes and multiple-grade ropes with wires of varying hardness, to name a few.

Value: 1 contact hour (0.1 CEU) This article has been reviewed by Martin Rhiner and George W. Gibson. It is approved for Continuing Education by NAEC for CET® and CAT®. EW Continuing Education is currently approved in the following states: AL, AR, FL, GA, IL, IN, KY, MD, MO, MS, MT, OK, PA, VA, VT, WV and WI. Please check for specific course verification of approval at www.elevatorbooks.com.

Continued

September 2017 • ELEVATOR WORLD

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ASME A17.6-2010: Standard for Elevator Suspension, Compensation, and Governor Systems was published to address this array of types and grades of suspension members. This standard identified how to manufacture all the suspension members used in the elevator industry constructed of steel, aramid and coated belts. It was at this point that “ropes” became “suspension members,” and “suspension systems” became “suspension means.” (It is a convenience when referring to an entire class of things without having to repeat all the things that apply.) The suspension means also includes the fastenings, or wedge or Babbitt sockets. A17.6-2010 is the manufacturing standard for SWRs in the U.S. The grade (tensile strength of the wires), construction (number of wires in a strand and number of strands in the rope), and many other manufacturing characteristics (Warrington or Seale) are defined prescriptively to ensure quality and consistent reliability. With full knowledge of the hardness of the stranded wires, the hardness of the sheave can be considered to ensure the surfaces interact as designed, maintain the tractive force and not wear quickly. The hardness of SWRs, like all metals, are measured as a function of the tensile strength of the wires by the Brinell scale. This typically shows that the steel wires are approximately twice as hard as an unhardened sheave groove surface. Tensile strength can be thought of as imagining a rod that has a cross-section of 6.45 cm2 (1 sq. in.) such that it can hold a load. A measurable strength is if a rod is loaded until it yields, when it permanently deforms. If load continues to be added to the rod until it pulled apart, that indicates its ultimate tensile strength (UTS). The strength that causes failure is in Newtons per square meter (N/m2), Pascal (Pa) or pounds per square inch (psi). For E34 steel, approximately 235 MPa (34,000 psi) will yield the rod. A steel with a higher tensile strength may withstand 620 MPa (89,923 psi) and be classed as E90 steel. The steel’s hardness is affected by the molten components while the steel is being made and the type of cooling used. While steel mills make specific hardnesses per specification, they also make standard grades, and engineers use the standard strengths for standard applications. In SWR suspension members, the outer wires are those that contact the sheave groove. The higher the tensile strength of the steel wire, the harder it is to abrade or wear away the material. The tradeoff is the higher the tensile strength of the wires, the easier it is to fatigue and fail due to bending. Bending is the largest factor in influencing the life of SWRs. The code requires a minimum “D to d” (diameter of the sheave to the diameter of the rope) of 40 to 1. For example, if the rope is 12.7 mm (0.5 in.) in d, D must be a minimum of 40 times that: 508 mm (20 in.) in sheave diameter. The larger the sheave, the less axial bending the rope undergoes; therefore, the less bending stress fatigue, the longer the life of the SWR. Older elevators used as much as a 60 to 1 D to d, while newer systems use closer to 40 to 1; therefore, rope failures due to fatigue failure are more prevalent than they used to be. The ropes did not change: in general, the D to d’s got smaller. This is evidence the rope companies should not be blamed for increased rope failures. When machine-room-less elevators became popular, reducing the size of the driving machine to fit in the hoistway became the goal. One method to reduce the sheave diameter was to use smaller diameter SWRs to maintain the D to d ratios — for example, using

5-mm (0.197-in.) SWRs with a sheave of 200 mm (7.9 in.) D. Other strategies use alternate materials, such as aramid fiber ropes/belts down to 20 to 1 D to d. A17.6 defines the minimum breaking force (MBF) for all suspension members in use, except those developed after the standard was published. New materials, grades and constructions will be added to later editions. It is important to note that the published MBF is always lower than the UTS of the SWRs. This is to ensure any small defects in the rope manufacturing process are accounted for. This is key to know, because some design requirements are measured against UTS, not MBF, to provide some extra safety factor by design. Rope grade refers to the tensile strength or hardness of the rope wires. When there are two numbers given for an IWRC rope, such as 1570/1770, it means the outer wires that ride on the sheave have a tensile strength of 1,570 kN, and the inner wires have a tensile strength of 1,770 kN (in the metric system). In the Imperial system, the tensile strength is measured in pound-force, and there are two grades: traction steel (TS) and extra high strength (EHS). In a discussion of traction, the coefficient of friction (μ) is the same at any hardness. SWRs are made using different constructions: Seale or Warrington construction, regular lay or Lang lay, varying diameters, etc. For this article, the rope constructions are not necessary to remember, except that in rope replacement, one must replace the old ropes with the same construction, grade and diameter to ensure the same traction. For further reading, two excellent resources on SWRs are the Brugg Wire Rope User Reference Guide (available at elevatorbooks.com) and Bethlehem Wire Rope’s service bulletins (available at www.wwwrope.com) on the care and maintenance of elevator ropes. This exercise was not to make the reader a design engineer. It was solely to show that understanding ropes is critical when the time comes to perform replacement, maintenance and testing, or changes due to damage or excessive wear. Replacing the ropes and sheaves with the exact replacement is critical to ensure safe future performance using the original design as a basis.

Suspension Means Data The code addresses correct rope replacement by requiring suspension means data to be posted on the crosshead data plate and with a data tag at the rope fastening on every elevator. From A17.1-2016/B44-16: “2.20.2 Suspension Means Data 2.20.2.1 Crosshead Data Plate. The crosshead data plate required by 2.16.3 shall bear the following suspension means data: (a) type of suspension means (b) the number of suspension members (c) either the diameter or the width and thickness in millimeters (mm) or inches (in.), as applicable (d) the elevator manufacturer’s required minimum breaking force per suspension member in kilonewtons (kN) or pound-force (lbf ), as applicable “2.20.2.2 Data Tag at Suspension Means Fastening 2.20.2.2.1 Pertinent data located on the suspension means shall be provided by one of the following: Continued

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(a) A data tag securely attached to one of the suspension means fastenings. (b) Permanent marking of the required information on the suspension means and visible in the vicinity of the suspension means fastening. (c) A combination of (a) and (b) provided that all required information is furnished. (d) If (a) or (c) applies, the material and marking of the tag shall conform to 2.16.3.3.3, except that the height of the letters and figures shall be not less than 1.5 mm (0.06 in.). (e) If (a) or (c) applies, a new tag shall be installed at each suspension means replacement. “2.20.2.2.2 The following data shall be provided: (a) type of suspension (steel wire rope, aramid fiber rope, or noncircular elastomeric-coated steel suspension member) (b) either the diameter or the width and thickness in millimeters or inches, as applicable (c) the suspension means manufacturer’s minimum breaking force in kN or lbf, as applicable (d) the residual strength determined by the elevator manufacturer in kN or lbf, as applicable (e) the grade of material used or the suspension means manufacturer’s designation, as applicable (f ) construction classification, where applicable (g) for steel wire rope, non-preformed, if applicable (h) for steel wire rope, finish coating, if applicable (i) for steel wire rope, compacted strands, if applicable ( j) name or trademark of the suspension means manufacturer (k) name of person or organization who installed the suspension means (l) the month and year the suspension means were installed (m) the month and year the suspension means were first shortened (n) lubrication information, if applicable” The code further addresses the tag in Section 8.6: Replacement Requirements: “8.6.3.4.6 A new rope data tag conforming to 2.18.5.3 shall be installed at each rope replacement, and the date of the rope replacement shall be recorded in the maintenance records [8.6.1.4.1(b)(2)]. “8.6.4.1 Suspension and Compensating Means 8.6.4.1.1 Suspension and compensating means shall be kept sufficiently clean so that they can be visually inspected. 8.6.4.1.2 Steel wire ropes shall be lightly lubricated. Precautions shall be taken in lubricating suspension steel wire ropes to prevent the loss of traction. Lubrication shall be in accordance with instructions on the rope data tag [see 2.20.2.2.2(n)], if provided. 8.6.4.1.3 Equal tension shall be maintained between individual suspension members in each set. Suspension members are considered to be equally tensioned when the smallest tension measured is within 10% of the highest tension measured. When suspension member tension is checked or adjusted, an antirotation device conforming to the requirements of 2.20.9.8 shall be permitted.” As they are inspectable items, all mechanics should ensure the crosshead data plate and data tag at the suspension means fastening are provided.

Figure 1: Typical suspension means data tag

Sheave A traction sheave using SWRs is a grooved pulley. Most roping arrangements feature a main traction sheave, and either one or multiple deflectors or secondary sheaves. Deflector and secondary sheaves are always a “U-groove,” as they simply guide the ropes to a useful position over the counterweight and car. They freewheel, with all the driving work done by the traction sheave on the driving machine. A deflector sheave is never used in a double wrap. Instead, a secondary sheave, which typically also acts as a deflector sheave, is always used. SWR outer wires have a tensile strength higher than the tensile strength of a hardened sheave-groove surface. If the original metal sheave casting is hardened correctly, and the rope is properly matched, installed, and maintained, the chance of a rope proving too hard for a sheave is remote. To achieve the microstructure necessary for a good sheave, attention must be paid to the chemistry and cooling rate of the drive-sheave blank during casting and to the heat-treatment process after milling the grooves. While there are standard hardnesses driving-machine manufacturers provide in their catalogs, they can also manufacture to specific hardnesses in a hardening process. The relationship between Brinell hardness of the groove and the wire tensile strength plays a crucial role in rope life (Figure 2). There are three major groove profiles used in the elevator industry: the round or U-groove, the undercut U-groove, and the V-groove (as discussed in part one of this series). As may be guessed by looking at the three profiles side by side (Figure 3), the Continued

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traction characteristics of each are increasingly more aggressive to the rope. This is represented by an endurance factor established by Brugg and the industry.

U-Groove Available traction in a round-seat U-groove is a function of four parameters: the natural logarithm, e; the actual coefficient of friction, m, between the outer wires of the hoist (suspension) rope and the sheave groove; the groove shape geometry; and the angle of wrap (arc of contact), θ. Higher car speeds, together with higher accelerations and decelerations, usually necessitate double-wrap traction roping arrangements to achieve a higher available traction. Increasing the arc of contact will also increase the available traction. This is the least aggressive to the SWR and sheave groove, and will generally last the longest, provided the rope tensions are within 10% of each other, properly maintained with lubrication, use the correct groove diameter and minimal fleet angle, and are designed with a proper D to d ratio. If ropes are not tensioned correctly, one rope will carry more load, and its groove will wear faster until that rope is noticeably lower in the sheave grooves than the remaining ropes. This condition is the easiest to see during maintenance: a simple straightedge and flashlight will reveal if this is occurring. If one or more ropes is 1 mm (3/64 in.) lower than the rest, the sheave and

Figure 2: Rope tensile strength and hardness; image courtesy of Brugg

ropes likely must be replaced. Once groove destruction begins, there is no way to equalize the tension. The deeper the groove, the higher tension differential and quicker the degradation rate. Always verify rope tensions regularly.

Figure 4: Ropes run at different speeds with different pitch diameters; image courtesy of Brugg

In an unequal tension condition, some ropes don’t contribute their designed share of traction load. As their normal force is diminished, the higher-tension rope and its groove bear more of the load, causing rope movements (slip) that eat the sheave groove, reducing the diameter of both rope and groove. This slip causes even more abrasive wear, because the other ropes have further to travel in one sheave revolution than the tight rope. Metal flakes on the floor and top of the car will be evidence of this. Verification of whether debris in these areas is dirt or metal is done with a magnet and piece of paper: wrap the magnet in paper and stir the material. (The paper simply keeps the metal particles from the magnet’s surface.) A17.1-2016/B44-16 includes the following on equal tension: “8.6.4.1.3 Equal tension shall be maintained between individual suspension members in each set. Suspension members are considered to be equally tensioned when the smallest tension measured is within 10% of the highest tension measured. When suspension member tension is checked or adjusted, an antirotation device conforming to the requirements of 2.20.9.8 shall be permitted.” No set of ropes can last long on a damaged sheave. The sheave will have to be replaced or turned down to make the grooves equal in circumference and heat treated to the proper hardness again. Careful consideration must be made to ensure the material milled out does not reduce the mechanical strength (if there is simply not enough material to mill out and still be mechanically sound). A specialist must be called in to evaluate the condition and make the determination.

Undercut U- and V-Groove

Figure 3: Typical sheave-groove profiles in elevator sheaves; image courtesy of Brugg

The formulation of the mathematical equations that will give a higher available traction on undercut U- and V-grooves is based on determining the maximum resultant normal load directed radially between the ropes and sheave to the Continued

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center of the sheave shaft. It includes the summation of all the masses in the elevator system, suspended from both sides of the drive sheave: namely, car and its rated load, the proportioned weights of suspension (hoist) ropes, compensation ropes, traveling cables, governor ropes and half of the compensating-sheave assembly weight, all suspended on the car side of the drivingmachine sheave. Hanging on the counterweight side of the drive sheave are the weights of the counterweight, proportioned suspension ropes, compensation ropes and half of the compensating-sheave assembly weight. The aggregated sum of these effective weights, taken as a resultant normal force directed radially from the rope grooves through the center of the drive sheave shaft, must be supported by the ropes exerting rope-to-groove pressures along a defined groove shape. The confluence of these effects results in a groove factor, which acts to increase the available traction in the groove. These rope-to-groove pressures will vary, which is why it is critical to replace ropes with the correct rope, the one designed in the system, and must be marked on the suspension-means data tag and crosshead data plate on or near the crosshead of every traction elevator.

Figure 5: Stress concentration in an undercut U-groove; image courtesy of C.E. Imrak and I. Gerdemeli

The Undercut U-groove, as shown by Frederick Hymans and A.V. Heilborn[1] and C.E. İmrak and İ. Gerdemeli,[2] adds traction by eliminating material in the undercut section of the groove. Therefore the “normal force” is proportionately increased on the sides of the undercut. The total loads are unchanged, but the area of the rope is reduced, increasing the “rope pressure” or “groove pressure.” As the undercut angle b gets larger, there is less material for the rope to sit on (less area), so the rope pressures increase exponentially, increasing the available traction (a). Rope pressures must be limited to the hardness a rope outer wire can take without yielding the steel wires or steel sheave grooves. Therefore, there are various rope grades. The higher the designed rope pressure, the higher tensile strength needed to resist early failure. But this comes at the predictable risk of a higher rope-fatigue failure rate. This will show during a maintenance inspection as excessive crown wire flattening and wear, fatigue cracks (primarily on the section of rope when the car is at the

lobby or main egress landing) and can even be missing sections of wire. Remember, every time a wire rope is bent, it is being stressed. If you took a section of wire rope and repeatedly bent it over your knee, you would be stressing the metal and, depending on the bending angle and number of alterations, causing fatigue failure. That is why inspecting wire rope is required in A17.1/B44 Section 8.6.4. It is not the inspector’s job to find damaged rope; it is the maintenance person’s job. The V-groove is the most aggressive, as it has the least area of rope-groove contact with a pinching component: therefore, the highest rope and groove pressures. While used in some slow, low-capacity elevators, it is rarely, if ever, used in high-speed applications.

Maintenance and Testing Traction components wear; therefore, to reduce the deterioration, increase the life of the suspension and traction systems, and ensure maximum traction is present, the components must be maintained. This is the focus of this course. We are not learning to be elevator designers; we are the technicians charged to ensure traction components will have the longest life and safest operation on the maintenance side. We need to know when the traction relationship is going afoul, when it is time to repair or replace the traction components, and how to test traction to ensure traction loss cannot occur when the loads in the elevator are within the design guidelines. These are important tasks, so a thorough understanding is required. Understanding the principles of friction and a basic understanding of the components should provide a reasonably good understanding of what to look for and how to maintain the equipment to keep the system in proper working order. Slipping traction is the biggest concern; however, that is the extreme hazard. Damage to expensive components, such as the sheave and suspension members, can also lead to mechanical failure if not maintained and left unattended.

Maintenance The code requires maintenance and testing traction at regular intervals to ensure there is enough traction to slow a car that may lose it; for instance, when an emergency stop occurs. (An emergency stop is when any electrical protective device [see Section 2.26.2] that removes power from the driving machine motor and brake opens) If the brake is set with a high braking torque, the sheave may stop; however, the car will continue to move due to its inertia and the rope slipping traction. A properly designed traction system slows the ropes and regains traction if there is enough hoistway distance. In the worst of all cases, the last person entering a fully loaded car may cause the car to slip traction. If it slips from that point, there is likely no stopping it. To prevent this from occurring, when engineers and designers determine the correct drive-sheave grooves to be deployed in a given elevator system, the mathematics used to determine the available traction is predicated on the condition known as impending slip. Therefore, the mathematics use the static coefficient of friction in formulating the groove factor. If traction is lost, there will be relative motion between the Continued

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drive sheave, which is slowing down at one deceleration, and the slipping ropes, which are moving at a different deceleration against their drive-sheave grooves. The fact that rope slipping is occurring means that the coefficient of friction shifts from the static value to a lower kinetic value, which could be 25% lower. Accordingly, the out-of-control elevator system will only slow down and stop with a motion profile afforded by the lower kinetic coefficient of friction. If the slipping condition occurs when a descending car approaches the lower terminal, the car will descend into its buffer if there is insufficient stopping distance based on the position of the car in the hoistway. Testing must be performed to ensure degradation of the ropes or sheave grooves are within their design characteristics.

Ropes Over and under lubrication can affect groove wear, rope wear and cleanliness of the machinery spaces; all contribute to traction issues. Extremely dirty environments, such as cotton mills, oil refineries, paper mills and sugar plants, can have airborne lint, chemicals and other substances that can fill the asperities and cause loss of traction. Other abrasive materials like airborne concrete dust can cause early suspension-rope diameter reductions or accelerated groove wear, leading to loss of traction. Rouging, caused by SWR exposure to moisture, results in diameter reduction at an alarming rate and can cause traction loss. The components must be checked at regular intervals to ensure they are within code compliance. A17.1-2016/B44-16 identifies the maintenance items as follows: “8.6.4 Maintenance and Testing of Electric Elevators The maintenance and testing of electric elevators shall conform to 8.6.1 through 8.6.4. “8.6.4.1 Suspension and Compensating Means 8.6.4.1.1 Suspension and compensating means shall be kept sufficiently clean so that they can be visually inspected. 8.6.4.1.2 Steel wire ropes shall be lightly lubricated. Precautions shall be taken in lubricating suspension steel wire ropes to prevent the loss of traction. Lubrication shall be in accordance with instructions on the rope data tag [see 2.20.2.2.2(n)], if provided. 8.6.4.1.3 Equal tension shall be maintained between individual suspension members in each set. Suspension members are considered to be equally tensioned when the smallest tension measured is within 10% of the highest tension measured. When suspension member tension is checked or adjusted, an antirotation device conforming to the requirements of 2.20.9.8 shall be permitted.” SWRs must be kept clean and lubricated, and not over lubricated. They must also be equalized; all hoist ropes must have the same tension. The code requires this in Requirement 8.6.4.1.3. Know what the general signs of degradation are to troubleshoot and diagnose the important traction relationship. We all must be aware that these components are designed to prevent the most terrible of accidents from occurring, and install and maintain them accordingly. When lubricating SWRs, in addition to taking care to not over lubricate them, one must keep in mind to not touch a moving rope. When the car comes to a stop, touch the rope with your finger. Lubricate a rope at once if it is dry to the touch and leaves no residue on your finger. It is recommended that ropes be lubricated

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Figure 6: Lubrication; image courtesy of Brugg

Figure 7: Lubrication timing; image courtesy of Brugg

a minimum of every 250,000 cycles. But, the truth is, it needs lubrication when there is none on the rope.

Sheave Grooves There is typically evidence of sheave wear on and near the driving machine sheave. A collection of metallic particles under the traction sheave is likely evidence of sheave wear. These particles typically fall through the rope holes and collect on top of the car. This is an indication of severe wear, and an elevator must be removed from service until testing and troubleshooting concludes what the cause of the wear is. Recall that traction requires the correct groove pressure, and an undamaged design (V- or undercut U-groove) is essential to maintain adequate traction. For example, if the groove wear on the undercut U-groove is so worn that the undercut is gone, the sheave has transformed into a U-groove, which is a dangerous condition. Replacing the sheave is the only fix. The same is true if a V-groove has worn to a U-groove. In such a case, remove the elevator from service, and call the office and explain your findings. Some companies will groove in the field. As long as the heat-treated section is thick enough, it is likely acceptable. A single low groove indicates a very tight suspension rope. The condition will never improve. The suspension and compensation members must be within 10% of each other’s loading. This will ensure correct rope pressures and minimal wear. Continued


Figure 8: Groove conditions; image courtesy of Brugg

Figure 9: Groove and rope gauges; image courtesy of Donahue

Traction Testing There are code requirements regarding traction testing. With an understanding of the principles of traction, components involved with traction, and design requirements derived from early research and testing, the code specifies how it must be tested in the field to ensure sufficient traction exists.

Testing Requirements A17.1-2016/B44-16 specifies the limits of traction first: “2.24.2.3 Traction 2.24.2.3.1 For Steel Wire Ropes. Where the grooves are used to provide traction, sufficient traction shall be provided between the rope and groove, and in the event of nonmetallic lining failure, between the rope and the remaining sheave groove, to safely stop and hold the car with rated load [see 2.16.8(c)] from rated speed in the down direction. 2.24.2.3.2 For Aramid Fiber Ropes. Where grooves are used to provide traction, sufficient traction shall be provided between the rope cover and the groove, and in the event of failure of the cover, between the load carrying portion of the rope and the sheave groove, to safely stop and hold the car with rated load [see 2.16.8(c)] from rated speed in the down direction. Undercut grooves shall not be permitted with aramid fiber rope.

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2.24.2.3.3 For Noncircular Elastomeric-Coated Steel Suspension Members. Where surfaces are used to provide traction, sufficient traction shall be provided between the noncircular elastomeric-coated steel suspension member and the surface, and in the event of failure of the elastomeric coating, between the load carrying cords and the sheave contact surface, to safely stop and hold the car with rated load [see 2.16.8(c)] from rated speed in the down direction. 2.24.2.3.4 If either the car or the counterweight bottoms on its buffers or becomes otherwise immovable (a) the suspension members shall slip on the drive sheave and not allow the car or counterweight to be raised, or (b) the driving system shall stall and not allow the car or counterweight to be raised” When a traction elevator is at a floor and empty, traction keeps the suspension members from slipping on the traction sheave in the same way the rubber on the road keeps a vehicle from sliding down the hill. As the elevator is used, degradation occurs to the sheave and ropes, which abrades rope and sheave materials, affecting the traction relationship. Designers know this and design systems that can, ideally, endure years of operation. Otherwise, replacing components would be costly, and slipping traction would occur more frequently, causing hazards. A17.1-2016/B44-16 then specifies testing the traction: “8.6.4.20.10 Braking System, Traction, and Traction Limits. Traction and traction limits on traction elevators shall be verified for compliance with 2.24.2.3 in accordance with 8.6.4.20.10(a) or subject to approval by the authority having jurisdiction, with 8.6.4.20.10(b). (a) Dynamic Stopping Test. Traction elevators shall be tested to ensure that (1) during an emergency stop initiated by any of the electrical protective device(s) listed in 2.26.2 (except 2.26.2.13) (except buffer switches for oil buffers used with Type C car safeties) at the rated speed in the down direction, with passenger elevators and freight elevators permitted to carry passengers carrying 125% of their rated load, or with freight elevators carrying their rated load, cars shall safely stop and hold the load (see 2.24.2.3.1, 2.24.2.3.2 and 2.24.2.3.3); and (2) if either the car or the counterweight bottoms on its buffers or becomes otherwise immovable, one of the following shall occur (see 2.24.2.3.4): (a) the suspension means shall lose traction with respect to the drive sheave and not allow the car or counterweight to be raised; or (b) the driving system shall stall and not allow the car or counterweight to be raised. (3) With a load in the car in accordance with Table 8.6.4.20.4, the braking system and traction relation shall be tested to show the system can safely stop and hold the car, and where required by 2.16.2.2.4(c) shall re-level the car. Continued


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(b) Alternative Test Method for Braking System, Traction, and Traction Limits. Alternative test methods shall comply with 8.6.11.10 and the following: (1) Other methods for verifying traction for compliance with 2.24.2.3, and traction limits in compliance with 2.24.2.3.4, shall be permitted provided the test method complies with the following: (a) When applied, the method shall verify that the elevator traction system performs, or is capable of performing, in compliance with the performance requirements of 8.6.4.20.10(a). (b) The braking system and traction relation shall be tested to show the system can safely stop and hold the car, and where required by 2.16.2.2.4(c), shall re-level the car without load in the car. (2) A test tag as required in 8.6.1.7.2 shall be provided.” It is expected that designers understand how to design the rope and sheave, or belt and sheave to comply with the requirements. It is also expected that maintenance personnel understand how to maintain and test for compliance year after year.

♦♦ ♦♦ ♦♦ ♦♦

Conclusion

John W. Koshak is head and founder of Elevator Safety Solutions, Inc., and a member of Elevator World, Inc.’s Board of Directors and Technical Advisory Group. Directly prior to reactivating the company in September 2008, Koshak served as director of Codes and Standards for North America for thyssenkrupp Elevator. He was formerly in research at thyssenkrupp Research, Innovation and Design. Koshak got his start in the industry in 1980 with Westinghouse Elevator Co. and has worked for Dover Elevator, Amtech Elevator and Adams Elevator Equipment Co., where he was vice president of Technical Support. He was a National Elevator Industry Educational Program instructor from 1982 to 1991, designed the LifeJacket™ hydraulic-elevator safety and holds several patents for elevator-component designs. Koshak is a member of the ASME A17 Standards Committee and a past chairman of the Elevator Escalator Safety Foundation.

Code writing utilizes history of incidents and hazard assessment based on predictable human behavior, foreseeable wear and common sense when specifying the traction interface. When in use, it will only degrade. It is a high-pressure, high-stress area in the elevator system, and it must be maintained. The absence results in loss of traction, a terribly bad condition. Mechanics should: ♦♦ Look at rope wear patterns

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Look at traction sheave wear Keep the ropes clean Lubricate the rope as recommended by the rope manufacturers Equalize the rope tensions Elevator companies should: ♦♦ Ensure they have provided ample time for a complete rope inspection at intervals determined by the maintenance control program analysis ♦♦ Train employees on the importance of these essential elements being maintained ♦♦ Remove the elevator from service until the components are replaced

References [1] Hymans, F. and Hellborn, A.V. Der Neuzeitliche Aufzug mit Treibscheibenantrieb, Berlin, Springer Publishers, 1927. [2] C.E. İmrak and İ. Gerdemeli. “On the Shape Factor for the Maximum Pressure of the Undercut Groove Form,” Int. Journal of Math. Analysis, Vol. 1, 2007, no. 16, p. 783-790 (Figure 1, p. 786).

Learning-Reinforcement Questions Use the below learning-reinforcement questions to study for the Continuing Education Assessment Exam available online at www.elevatorbooks.com or on p. 189 of this issue. ♦♦ How does Amontons’ First Law relate force and applied load? ♦♦ What are the members in a suspension means? ♦♦ What is the U.S. standard for suspension, compensation and governor systems? ♦♦ Which traction sheave groove is the easiest on ropes? ♦♦ Which code requirement calls for testing the limits of traction?


With

70%

participation from abroad the interlift is the world’s most international elevator trade fair.*

94%

of the visitors achieved an overall (very) good business result.*

For

93%

of the visitors the interlift is the world’s leading trade fair in elevator technology.*

*

interlift 2015 | Gelszus Messe-Marktforschung, Dortmund


Meet the World of Elevators:

interlift 2017 17 - 20 October | Messe Augsburg | Germany

Only we present the world market of elevator technology www.interlift.de

Organizer: AFAG Messen und Ausstellungen GmbH | www.interlift.de | Specialist sponsor: VFA-Interlift e.V. | www.vfa-interlift.de


EVENTS photos by thyssenkrupp Elevator and Angela C. Baldwin

Inside the MULTI testing shaft

thyssenkrupp unveils, celebrates the first fully functional MULTI elevator system at its Rottweil, Germany, test tower.

Linear-motor technology and the use of an exchanger define MULTI.

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ore than 200 elevator-industry experts, high-profile developers, architects, engineers and journalists from around the world convened June 22 at the thyssenkrupp Elevator innovation test tower in the historic, picturesque town of Rottweil, Germany, for the unveiling of what’s being called a game changer in the world of elevatoring, the MULTI. A ropeless and vertical-and-horizontalmoving elevator system, MULTI conjures everything from the paternoster and linear-motor systems of the past to TK’s more recent revelation, the TWIN, then pushes past all of them to offer their refined culmination. Instead of one cabin per shaft moving up and down, MULTI features multiple cabins operating in a loop, like a metro system inside a building, according to TK. Without the use of cables, MULTI runs on a multilevel brake system and redundant wireless data and energy management on the cars. Three years in development, the concept was first presented as a 3:1 scale model at TK’s Innovation Center in Gijón, Spain, in late 2015. In Rottweil, the system finally turned into a reality as TK launched the first fully functional MULTI unit at its much-anticipated unveiling event. Under a spacious white tent set up adjacent to the test tower, guests filed in midmorning after mingling and enjoying drinks and hors d’oeuvres outside. The anticipation that had begun for many guests, your author included, at a TK-hosted dinner the night before increased as high-energy music flowed through large speakers strategically placed throughout the tent. The back of the room stood lined with video cameras, camera operators, lighting and sound equipment and reporters. As the seats filled, large TV screens on either side of the stage showed cityscapes with tall buildings and busy highways. In the center, above the stage, the largest screen welcomed us. At the previous night’s dinner, over stellar German food and beer at Rottweil’s Wandelbar Restaurant and with the twinkling lights of the 246-m-tall test tower in the background, my dinner companions and I pondered MULTI and its implications: would it, quickly or over time, change the flow of traffic in, and the design of, tall buildings around the world? Would it make the movement of

CTBUH Executive Director Dr. Antony Wood

The test tower at dusk as seen from the Wandelbar Restaurant in Rottweil

patients through hospitals simpler? Would it save space and time? Would banks buy into such a new concept and lend money to those who wanted to implement it? Was MULTI really the future, and, if so, would the industry be ready for it? The chatter slowed on the long and late bus ride back to the various hotels TK’s guests filled in and near Rottweil, but the curiosity and excitement had been well established. So, the morning of the unveiling, when Ben Hammersley, editor-at-large for Wired magazine and a futurist, walked onto the stage, the crowd was humming, the energy palpable. Hammersley opened the event by discussing concepts that had changed the modern world – the automobile, the microchip, HTML – all of which he called “enabling, transformative technologies.” According to Hammersley, enabling technologies are categories of technologies that inform and enable the next generation of technologies. “Today, we live in a society that is underpinned by all of these enabling technologies — tools that can get twice as good every year. We are here today to learn about another enabling technology that will change the shape and culture of cities,” he said, stopping short of Continued

From my point of view, ropeless elevators (thus MULTI, but any other cable-free elevator, no matter what is the propulsion technology) will have a dramatic impact on the way buildings, and tall buildings, are designed. For 160 years, elevators have gone up and down in a vertical shaft, and this has been the bottom line for every building taller than 3 to 2 stories, no matter its function, shape, construction material, cost, etc. So, this has become a fundamental part of the DNA of all buildings, and thus of all cities. Changing this means altering the DNA of an organism, opening endless design possibilities that architects still have to understand and develop. They will be the real “obstacle” in the successful implementation of ropeless elevators. They need to change the way they think of and design buildings. Dario Trabucco, CTBUH Research Manager

Guests discussed MULTI at length over dinner the night before the unveiling. September 2017 • ELEVATOR WORLD

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The stage is set for MULTI’s launch.

The crowd awaits MULTI’s unveiling.

naming MULTI as he introduced Andreas Schierenbeck, CEO of thyssenkrupp Elevator. Almost three years ago, the development of MULTI began in answer to the burgeoning migration of people to cities, Schierenbeck said. This is a massive challenge for mankind, he explained; it is a challenge for space, Guests mingled and enjoyed refreshments before the energy and the unveiling program. timely movement of people. While the means to build taller buildings exist, without the ability to efficiently move the inhabitants of buildings between floors, the functionality of skyscrapers is limited, translating into loss of revenues if residential and commercial spaces on the topmost floors cannot be sold. In addition, 40% of usable space in an average high-rise building is currently taken by the elevators, explained Schierenbeck. With more people, we need to be able to access more space, he said, adding: “Against this backdrop, it is clear that efficient mobility in buildings is no longer a luxury, but an absolute necessity. With limited land mass, buildings will have to get taller, and as a result, elevators can become a bottleneck. The right question in this case is not speed, but capacity. How to transport more people more quickly? First, we had the paternoster. Then, the TWIN, two

Wired Editor-at-Large Ben Hammersley opened the MULTI event by talking about “enabling technologies.”

cabins in one shaft. OK, but ropes are a problem. Maybe we should do something without ropes. We explored linear-motor technology. Then, we developed what’s become MULTI.” According to Schierenbeck, among its attributes, MULTI provides: ♦♦ No limit on height ♦♦ Scalable transportation ♦♦ A reduced elevator footprint by 50% ♦♦ An increased capacity by 50% ♦♦ An up-to-75% reduction in peak power consumption Schierenbeck concluded his talk saying, “An old era of elevators is coming to an end. A new era is beginning right here, right now.” Dr. Antony Wood, executive director of the Council on Tall Buildings and Urban Habitat (CTBUH), created a wider context for MULTI when he took to the stage. Whereas tall buildings used to be office buildings being built predominantly of steel in North America, today’s tall buildings are of mixed use made with composite materials in the Middle East and Asia. Urbanization is the tall-building driver, with one city a week being developed for the next 30 years. According to Wood: “We’ve had to overcome the shortfalls of tall – the ‘box’ commercial design approach and the ‘extreme icon’ approach. To get a good tall building today, you need to look at the climatic, cultural and social impacts. We need to consider the future, including things like drone use and vertical farming. MULTI frees up [a building’s] core and gets rid of ropes. It has the potential to not just change elevators, but the direction of cities.” It was those elements of MULTI that attracted next speaker Coen van Oostrom, CEO of OVG Real Estate, a leading European real-estate company, to the product. Van Oostrom, no stranger to innovation and cutting-edge building construction, found inspiration years ago in U.S. Vice President Al Gore: “He came and talked with me. He told me one-third of global warming comes from buildings, and we need to do what we can to slow down global polluting. So, in 2008, with Las Palmas in Continued

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(l-r) TK Elevator CEO Andreas Schierenbeck and OVG Real Estate CEO Coen van Oostrom celebrate the announcement of MULTI’s future first installation in the East Side Tower in Berlin.

TK employees served as group leaders guiding guests to seven stations throughout the test tower.

The MULTI demonstration led by Markus Jetter, head of the TK product development center in Neuhausen, was well recorded and photographed by reporters.

The proportion of a building required for the elevator core increases as you build higher. Putting two lifts or double-deck lifts in a shaft helps, but only up to a point. With multiple ropeless elevators sharing the same shafts, the handling capacity rises dramatically. This raises the building height limit imposed by traditional elevator design. My congratulations to thyssenkrupp engineers on their progress so far in developing this technology. It is a ‘game changer’ for super high rises. These are exciting times to be part of the elevator industry. Dr. Richard Peters, author of ELEVATE Traffic Analysis and Simulation Software

The MULTI cab as it travels through the shaft September 2017 • ELEVATOR WORLD

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How MULTI Works Operating on the basic premise of a circular system, such as a paternoster, MULTI uses ropeless linear technology to operate elevators, and a single loop can incorporate various cabins. With a targeted speed of 5 mps, the system will enable near-constant access to an elevator cabin every 15-30 s., with a transfer stop every 50 m. Passengers will experience reduced wait times, and the option of double entries on the ground floor improves ease of access in large buildings. After thyssenkrupp’s first attempt to address these issues in 2002 with the TWIN elevator system, offering two cabins per shaft and a 30% increase in transport capacity, as well as a reduction in the elevator footprint by 30%, thyssenkrupp is now removing the suspension ropes and equipping elevator cabins with linear motors, transforming elevator systems into vertical mass-transit systems and increasing transport capacities by 50%. MULTI applies the linear-motor technology developed for the German magnetic-levitation train Transrapid to elevator cabins, enabling them to move in shafts in the same way trains move in rail systems, with various cabins per shaft, and permitting vertical, as well as horizontal, movements inside buildings. According to TK, safety is ensured by the multipropulsion and braking systems in cabins, and the proven safety control system developed for the TWIN

elevator technology that prevents cabins from getting too close to each other inside the shafts. According to TK, MULTI also offers much higher capacities and faster and more comfortable movement as compared with high-speed elevators, which are limited by the effects of pressure on the human body, with many people experiencing discomfort while traveling in elevators at speeds higher than 10 mps. Although the ideal building height for MULTI installations starts at 300 m, the system is not constrained by a building’s height. With no ropes, a multilevel brake system and wireless power transfers from shaft to cabin, MULTI requires smaller shafts of 6 m2, while other technologies, such as the TWIN, require about 9 m2. This can mean significant cost savings for the building’s developer, says TK. The overall increase in efficiency also translates into a reduced need for elevator shafts, thereby decreasing a building’s elevator footprint and providing further usable floor space and revenues to building owners. While MULTI applies the concept of the TWIN’s control system and safety features, it includes new elements such as lightweight carbon composite materials for cabins and doors, weighing 50 kg instead of the 300 kg of standard elevators, resulting in an overall 50% weight reduction as compared to standard technologies. A new linear drive also enables one

Rotterdam, we created the first energy-neutral building in the Netherlands. Al Gore was excited, and [former] U.S. President Bill Clinton came to help us open the building. Two years ago, we completed The Edge in Amsterdam, the world’s most sustainable building. With the under-construction East Side Tower in Berlin, we are looking to get more sustainable. We do not want a very tall building, but we want the core back. To do that, we will be the first in the world to use MULTI, and we are very excited about this.” Van Oostrom’s announcement brought Schierenbeck back to the stage amid enthusiastic applause. Various MULTI systems will be installed in the mixed-use East Side Tower, set to open in 2020. The flagship project will “define new technology standards and offer an entirely new office space concept,” according to OVG. Wood and Hammersley joined the others on stage, and Hammersley shed light on the next phase of MULTI’s launch. He asked guests to keep their seats as the four men moved off the stage with cameras following them and broadcasting their movements. “MULTI is the result of 77 patents and thousands of ideas,” said Hammersley, as the group proceeded to the test tower and the MULTI shaft, where the inaugural ride (minus a passenger, as TK is not ready for MULTI riders just yet) would commence. On the screen, following a countdown, the crowd witnessed the first MULTI launch, a full-sized car moving first vertically, then horizontally in a shaft.

Exciting though it was, the crowd was eager to witness the MULTI up close. With so many guests to contend with, TK employees became group leaders for the day and broke the crowd into sets of 20 or so, leading each to a different station. Guests would visit seven stations throughout the test tower over the course of the afternoon, each featuring a TK testing area or innovation, and some featuring food and drink. Stations included a HoloLens demonstration; a talk on the test tower, which is home to TK’s R&D Center in Germany, and the town of Rottweil; the machine room for the TWIN; a freefall shaft for brake testing and a mass damper for seismic testing; MULTI models from early research done by CTBUH and a sample lightweight MULTI cab; the tower’s observation deck with views of Rottweil, the Swiss Alps and the Black Forest; and, of course, MULTI. The stations proved interesting and enlightening, with TK specialists manning each, explaining what guests were seeing and experiencing, and answering questions. It was the MULTI station, though, that brought out the cameras, produced the most questions, and had guests taking turns for an up-close look through the glass into the shaft and at the car. As the day wound to a close, many boarded buses bound for Stuttgart and Zürich airports, while others headed to their respective hotels for a rest before dinner. Still others boarded a bus for a guided VIP tour of Rottweil. The wrap-up barbecue dinner Continued

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single motor to be sufficient to perform horizontal and vertical movements, and an exchanger moves cabins from one shaft to the other. According to TK, “by combining groundbreaking technology with a simple operation concept and convenience of passenger use, MULTI has transformed the idea of a flexible number of cars per shaft from a distant vision for the future into a reality.”

Inside the shaft: testing and refining of the MULTI system at the Rottweil test tower

A rendering of the MULTI system at work

Views of the Black Forest, Swiss Alps and Rottweil can be enjoyed from the test tower’s observation deck.

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The TK HoloLens demonstration featuring test tower and MULTI diagrams was a crowd pleaser.

MULTI’s lightweight cabs were on display for guests to step inside.

The Rottweiler, a domestic dog breed with origins in Germany, is named after the city of Rottweil. The breed played an important role in herding and driving cattle possibly as far back as the Roman Empire. Statues of the dog can be found throughout the city.

The test tower’s freefall shaft tests elevator safeties.

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A new era is beginning right here, right now. - Andreas Schierenbeck, CEO of thyssenkrupp Elevator

held at the test tower that evening proved a relaxed, casual affair and just the right ending to a busy day full of revelations. The test tower’s next milestone comes in October, when its cladding will be in place, and the observation deck open to the public. With the launch of MULTI only the beginning of this system’s story, there will be more articles to follow as MULTI đ&#x;Œ? milestones are reached.   

thyssenkrupp’s Innovation Test At a height of 246 m and a Tower diameter of 21 m, the thyssenkrupp test tower in Rottweil, Germany, dominates the countryside. The company has invested more than EUR40 million (US$46.5 million) in the tower, and now has an advanced and ultramodern test center for new elevator concepts and technologies in one of Germany’s oldest cities. The test tower has all that is needed for the development and testing of sophisticated elevator systems. It has 12 shafts in total, nine of which can be used as test shafts where engineers can conduct real-life runs with a top speed of 18 mps. In addition, there are test units for the TWIN elevator system and three test shafts reserved for the MULTI. Some shafts rise up to 200 m in height, nearly reaching the tower’s very top. However, others are much shorter and end at around 120 m. The space above these shorter shafts is used as an energy storage system where the

The historic town of Rottweil is home to TK’s innovation test tower.

thermal energy that results from engines and computers is captured and optionally returned via heat exchanger. The tower is not only a skyscraper, but a sustainable one. The tower is closely connected to the TK elevator plant in nearby Neuhausen auf den Fildern, which employs approximately 1,500. The test tower features a conference floor, and 12 m above that lies Germany’s highest visitor platform, with a 360° panoramic view that includes the

Swiss Alps and the Black Forest. A panoramic elevator brings visitors to the platform. TK says the test tower is a statement for the company’s social responsibility and connection to the region. It gives Rottweil a new tourist attraction and has received a lot of support from local citizens and city administration – particularly because of the sustainable methods and concepts used while constructing the tower.

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Company Spotlight

Getting Connected From its Prague headquarters, 2N has become number one in IP security systems worldwide.

by Kaija Wilkinson Headquartered in Prague, Czech Republic, 2N TELEKOMUNIKACE a.s. has grown exponentially from its original three founders to number one in IP security systems worldwide, with more than 240 employees and offices in the U.S., Germany, Italy and the U.K. Europe is 2N’s biggest customer for its lift-industry products, which currently consist of three different emergency communication systems, ranging from today’s industry standard to “future-proof ” internet protocol (IP). It is likely to remain that way, according to 2N CEO Oldřich Stejskal. However, the company is looking to grow its market share elsewhere. Stejskal states: “We are getting a lot of interest about our lift solutions from the Middle East, especially in regard to IP-based emergency communications, which is represented by two of our products, Lift8 and the brand-new LiftIP. Moreover, we would like to grow our U.S. business in close cooperation with our partners there.”

There is particularly strong demand for 2N lift products from the U.A.E., according to the company. This demand is being driven by the transition from proprietary two-wire intercoms to IP-based devices that fulfill EN 81-28. Lift8 is widely used in many new projects, and LiftIP is gaining popularity. There are new construction projects that use 2N solutions in Dubai and Abu Dhabi in the U.A.E., and Doha, Qatar. 2N partner Draka Elevator Products/Prysmian Group is opening a distribution center in the region, increasing the availability of the products, which are already part of Schindler, KONE and thyssenkrupp projects throughout the Middle East. 2N’s most popular products are the Lift1 (communicator for single-shaft environments using PSTN interface when used alone) in combination with a Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM)/Universal Mobile Telecommunications System (UMTS) gateway. Continued

2N’s headquarters in Prague

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   Ring Communications, Inc has the most advanced, self-monitoring, fully integrated, easy to use elevator intercom system in the world. Our newest feature, off-premise transfer capabilities, can be programmed with up to four telephone numbers. If a busy signal or ring-no-answer is encountered,the next number is automatically dialed until the call is answered. When the call goes through, a recorded message is played, providing location identification, and a conversation can start. Our philosophy is to provide the highest quality internal communication and security systems that are extremely innovative, yet practical. We offer a full array of small and large systems with built-in flexibility and customization capabilities. Standard features include line supervision, ADA compliance, All Call and Group Calls. All our systems can easily interface to CCTV and card access systems. ASME A17.1 and CSA B44 compliant for voice communications within the building. Give us a "RING" when your next project comes up to find our how cost effective our systems can be.

The company expects the trend to soon switch to IP technology, making LiftIP and Lift8 (with an IP module) its most popular products. LiftIP uses Voice over IP (VoIP), and Lift8 can use VoIP, GSM, UMTS, long-term evolution or public switched telephone network to transmit sound to and from a lift cabin. The company explains what the customer should know before making a purchase: “In deciding which IP product to use 2N CEO Oldřich Stejskal for [a] particular project, it is important to know the differences between the two products to be able to distinguish the benefits of each. LiftIP is a pure IP system, running completely on the IP infrastructure. It requires an Ethernet cable within the traveling cable in the shaft. This makes it suitable to use in combination with an IP camera, which will add the extra security edge to the elevator and provide a livestream of what is happening inside the cabin. For Lift8, on the other hand, a hybrid IP technology is used, meaning an IP connection is necessary only for the machine room. From there on, within a lift shaft, a two-wire bus is used, making it suitable for older building installations in which IP is not yet available within the shaft. “The other important distinction between the two products is that LiftIP is a communicator for a single-shaft elevator, whereas Lift8 can have up to eight shafts connected to a single, central unit, making it a cost-effective solution.” Stejskal states project size is not an issue for 2N: the company will find a solution that fits. This means 2N gathers information, such as building layout, far in advance.

Changes in Company Structure In May 2016, 2N was acquired by Swedish manufacturer Axis Communications, which is number one in the world in IP cameras, but it retains autonomy. The companies share expertise and R&D findings. Stejskal observes being part of Axis has enhanced market access, noting the companies are jointly focused on accelerating the conversion from analog to IP intercom systems. He reflects on the path that brought 2N to this point: “Perhaps our most significant achievement during our first 10 years was becoming one of the top three suppliers of PBX systems (with a 15% market share), together with Panasonic and Siemens, in the Czech Republic. After this successful period, we branched out in 2000 into foreign markets, concentrating on our own products and in-house development. Within five years, we became one of the best companies in the world in GSM gateway technology, connecting networks, mobile and fixed-operator services.” The third stage of 2N’s development came with the introduction of a unique door intercom built on IP technologies. In 2008, 2N was the first in the world to introduce this type of communicator. Since then, the market has undergone dramatic changes, and the company, Stejskal states, “has been quick to successfully reorient our products and sales channels toward new, growing and highly prospective fields.”

Continued

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“

distribution/sales model and  Lift8 was created “with directs potential customers to maximum modularity in mind,â€? he Perhaps our most significant regional distributors. Distributors says. “The modularity starts with achievement during our first 10 years are expected to have great product the wide selection and seamless knowledge to be able to fully upgrade of [the] communication was becoming one of the top three support customers, both interface, making it possible to suppliers of PBX systems (with a 15% logistically and technically.   expand the system on the go As lifts are increasingly being without the need to change it.â€? market share), together with Panasonic integrated into security systems, it Today, 2N is used in buildings’ and Siemens, in the Czech Republic. is important IP solutions are security. Its lift-industry customers implemented, Stejskal states. This include medium-sized and large — 2N CEO OldĹ™ich Stejskal is because “in more and more elevator companies, as well as countries, fixed telephone lines are distributors like Draka/Prysmian being replaced with Next Generation Networks, and mobile and Schmersal BĂśhnke + Partner GmbH. networks migrated to 4G and 5G,â€? he observes. “All those networks are IP based.â€? This means if a customer wants to be certain that a solution will last longer than a few years, it must be IP based.  Still, many in the elevator industry are resistant to the changeover to IP, Stejskal says, adding that 2N offers support and training for any new customer. For example, the majority of 2N’s Middle East projects are based on IP in which legacy intercoms are upgraded. Such upgrades require a mindset change and are often driven by customers who force the supplier to use modern technology. In Europe, the change is about to come as analog lines migrate to IP. 2N founders (l-r) Miroslav Hofman, Roman Pihan and HanuĹĄ Brychta  Stejskal says 2N believes its ability to provide support and troubleshoot set it apart from the competition, which is vast. Many companies offer low-cost intercom and emergencyLooking to the Future communication systems, which appeal to customers because of 2N is striving to get more elevator companies to transition from their price, he states. Although this may seem smart at first, it can analog to IP technology for building security (including access be costly in the long run, he says, elaborating: control for elevators). To attract new customers, it actively “Instead of saving money, the company is forced to spend approaches companies from all over the world using different money because the products are not working as promised, and they methods, including exhibiting at trade fairs. Over the years, 2N has are not getting support when needed. Their employees have to made it a point to attend Interlift, held every two years in troubleshoot and spend time on something they are not supposed Augsburg, Germany. This year 2N will be in booth 5052, hall five. to. So, in the end, before going for emergency communicators that 2N’s area account managers have designated territories for have an attractive price tag, look at all the other aspects of the which they are responsible, so a big part of their job is to know the provider as a whole so you eliminate unpleasant surprises further market and competition and have good relationships with local on. Doing this will save both money and time, which can be companies. Stejskal observes this enables them to devise a strategy invested in something more meaning ful than troubleshooting something that is not working as promised.â€?   đ&#x;Œ? on how to grow business in their respective regions. 2N uses a

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Field Safety

Protect Yourself Injuries affect more than just your employees; they hurt your bottom line.

by John Tateossian Maintaining a safe environment for employees, contractors and other visitors to your facility or jobsite is an essential element of risk management, particularly for those within the elevator industry. According to studies from OSHA, for every dollar spent on safety programs, businesses can save four to six times that amount in costs associated with injuries and fatalities. For elevator businesses that have highdeductible insurance programs, the direct costs are reflected immediately after the claim is paid. For large losses that surpass the deductible, the claims history will increase pricing for the insurance policy at renewal, similar to how a guaranteed-cost (where your insurance company pays the first dollar) program works. Even in a guaranteed-cost program, a poor loss history will cause premiums to increase substantially and may result in your being dropped by your insurance carrier. Falls and overexertion are among the top workplace injuries, costing companies as much as US$25 billion per year, according to the Liberty Mutual Workplace Safety Index. Combined, they generate more than 50% of the leading causes of disabling workplace injuries. Yet, with a little extra effort and consideration, employers can take necessary steps to minimize their risk.

Falls from Heights In the elevator industry, working from heights is inevitable. Unfortunately, these types of falls are among the most dangerous, often resulting in serious injury or death. To prevent employee injury, it’s imperative that fallprotection training and procedures are

implemented and the proper safety equipment is provided, especially when workers are exposed to a fall of six feet or more to a lower level (which is almost always the case for those onsite in the elevator industry). The proper use of the following options can greatly prevent serious injury or death: ♦♦ Personal fall-arrest system (PFAS): PFAS includes a body harness, lifeline and shockabsorbing lanyard. Make sure your employees use a PFAS when it is mandated and, equally as important, make sure they know how to use it (as outlined in the Elevator Industry Field Employees’ Safety Handbook or company safety program.) Designate a team or individual to be responsible for doing a periodic field inspection. ♦♦ Guardrail system: This is required on top of an elevator car, open hoistway or escalator wellway. The height of the top rail, mid rail and toeboards must comply with OSHA standards. The type of work being done and type of equipment being worked on will dictate the sort of guardrail system or barricade that must be used. Additionally, there are specific requirements for warning signage.

Overexertion An overexertion injury is cumulative in nature and results from long-term wear and tear on the musculoskeletal system. Work conditions often only contribute to the injury and are not typically 100% responsible for it, which makes it difficult for everyone — business owners, supervisors, claims representatives, insurance carriers, as well as the employees themselves — to determine the injury’s root cause. Not Continued

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The Mid-Atlantic Elevator Chapter of NAEC invites you to the 8th Annual Golf Tournament! If your company does business in the Mid-Atlantic region of the United States, this is the perfect opportunity to network with industry peers.

Join us on Wednesday, October 4th, 2017, at the National Golf Club in Fort Washington, MD. Shotgun start is 12:00pm For more information:

Call 770.760.9660 or email Shawn@naec.org To learn more about NAEC, visit us today at naec.org.

Are you a young professional in the elevator industry? NAEC’s NexGen Group is just that - the next generation of elevator industry professionals. NexGen provides a great opportunity to meet your industry peers and bridge the gap between the current and next generation of industry leaders.

NexGen has various events scheduled throughout the year. For more information, or to join today, contact Shawn Cowden at Shawn@naec.org or 770.760.9660.

National Association of Elevator Contractors 1298 Wellbrook Circle NE • Conyers, GA 30012 naec.org • Fax: 770.760.9714 • E-mail: info@naec.org Local: 770.760.9660 • US only: 800.900.6232 • US & Canada: 888.847.7530


Falls and overexertion are among the top workplace injuries, costing companies as much as US$25 billion per year, according to the Liberty Mutual Workplace Safety Index. Combined, they generate more than 50% of the leading causes of disabling workplace injuries. Yet, with a little extra effort and consideration, employers can take necessary steps to minimize their risk. being able to see the injury nor identify a specific point in time when the injury occurred makes it very difficult to determine where the incident really happened and to understand if the injury were sustained in the course of the workday. There may have been a specific point in time when the employee felt the injury, but it can be difficult to quantify where the responsibility lies. To prevent these overexertion injuries from having a negative effect on your workforce, it’s important to take the following multifaceted approach: ♦♦ Focus on pre-hire qualifications: Hire a third party to perform physical and functional capacity evaluations and assess the physical abilities and requirements of each job. Once these are solidified, qualify potential employees to make sure they can meet the demands of the job. ♦♦ Make work conditions as safe as possible: Provide tools to make the job as easy as possible, including designing the workplace so employees of all sizes can work with good posture to avoid excess stress to their musculoskeletal system. Try to provide as much flexibility as possible in a fixed workstation so your

employee population can work in a neutral and comfortable posture. ♦♦ Maintain a healthy workforce: Fit and healthy employees are less likely to suffer overexertion injuries — and will recover faster if they do — than employees who are unfit and unhealthy. An unhealthy workforce will drive up the costs of employee care.

Return-to-Work Program While there are many useful methods of minimizing the risk, workplace injuries are not always completely avoidable. Regardless of the cause of injury, establishing a well-thought-out return-towork program will help minimize employer costs, while keeping employees mentally and physically acclimated to the work environment. When the insurance carrier pays employees’ wages for a prolonged period, it raises the cost of insurance for employers, so it is important that injured employees be kept as close as possible to (without exceeding) their doctors’ restrictions, which will aid their quick return to normal duty. Allowing an employee to come back to work, even with limitations, keeps the employer’s costs down and employees engaged. John Tateossian is first vice president of JM Associates/Burnham + Co., a Division of HUB International Northeast. The company has provided The National Elevator Insurance Program for more than 40 years. Tateossian can be reached at john.tateossian@ hubinternational.com.

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Fast-growing AVT Beckett continues making its name in Canada as it looks to expand to the U.S. by Lee Freeland

“I still believe there are more cranes in Toronto than in any other city in North America, or possibly in the world, with the exception of China,� Tom Rennick said. Below are several on a clearer day in 2012.


The INDX cabins’ impressive back walls feature laminated photos of city landmarks.

(l-r) Tom Rennick, Barb Buchanan, Darren Sullivan and Steve Sforza in the Brainstorming War Room

VT Beckett Elevator Ltd. serves Canada from Pickering, near Toronto. Approximately 20% of its sales are to the U.S., with the remainder to Canada. It has its own engineering team and is opening a U.S. facility in Memphis this fall, which should improve the percentage of sales to that country. Your author was fortunate enough to tour AVT Beckett’s factory and two of its recently completed projects while in Ontario for the Canadian Elevator Contractors Association Convention (p. ??). Business Development Manager USA Tom Rennick organized the trip and introduced owners Darren Sullivan and Barb Buchanan. They explained that the full-service company manufactures a wide variety of elevator components and packages. AVT Beckett was formed nine years ago, when newly founded AVT purchased well-known entrances and doors manufacturer/installer Beckett. Beckett also brought the important UL and UL-C certifications AVT (which produced only structures and frames) needed. Starting as a three-person operation, it now employs 58, working in two shifts 18 hours a day, five days a week. Guy Seguin leads the company’s other location, a 10,000-sq-ft. sales and installation office set up four years ago in Ottawa, Canada, with seven employees. “It’s been a whirlwind 10 years of growth, and we’ve been lucky,” Sullivan said. A clear focus for AVT Beckett is streamlining installation. Everything in the factory seems geared to make the process faster and easier, from predrilled holes on cab panels to brackets that can be easily bent by hand. The switch from the industry standard materials of wood and steel to exclusively aluminum made such features possible and, of course, greatly reduces weight. Sullivan (himself an elevator mechanic and welder) added, “We really believe we can use more technology to make the industry better. We never leave it alone.” Sullivan explained that customization is key. AVT Beckett meets this need with an ever-expanding engineering department that can turn jobs around in a few hours to a few days. Engineer James Tait told your author that the department’s goal is to quickly create a design that can be installed as easily as possible, whether the job is part of its fixed product line or custom. Once created, the 3D drawings remain on file in case of additional orders or to reference for future jobs. Existing plans can be used to create new ones in as little as 7 min. by choosing specifications from a list of questions. Costs are cut, and lead times are reduced with the recent addition of heavy architectural metal fabrication and a glassworks in a new building. Even kit cabs are available for self installation. “We have the experience and knowledge to go as fast as you want and as high as you want,” Sullivan said.

Continued

September 2017 • ELEVATOR WORLD

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The company has been in an expansive location in Pickering for two years but is already outgrowing its main building.

The long list of products the company produces includes electrical ducts and fittings, entrances, doors, machine bases, car-top handrails, machine guarding, cabs and interiors, sheaves (metallic and nonmetallic), slings and platforms, structural components, and replacement parts.

Friendly staff were happy to show how the advanced machines, such as this turret punch, work.

Fingers (and maybe a hammer) are the only things needed to bend these finely machined duct components.

The heavy architectural metal fabrication and glassworks operation began in March. It is set up in a newly leased 48,000-sq.-ft. building across the parking lot from the main 62,000-sq.-ft. building.

These large frames were ready to be shipped.

A laser cutter creates bolt holes and perforations that can be bent by hand, reducing the time and tools needed for installation.

This high-end interior panel felt perfectly smooth.


Touring Toronto Tom Rennick, AVT Beckett Business Development manager USA, showed your author around bustling Toronto before making our way to AVT Beckett’s facilities. There is no doubt insauga. com’s report that Ontario is experiencing one of the largest residential construction booms in North America is accurate.[1] We were able to enter the 54-floor INDX condominium building, a high-end tower that caters to young professionals. Completed in 2016, it features 1,000-fpm elevators that ride very smoothly, especially considering their speed. Rennick explained that city codes often require downtown high-rise construction to retain the existing, historical building around it. As can be expected, construction challenges often arise from this. However, the result is an architectural style that cannot be found on this scale anywhere else in the world.

Reference [1] Kan, Alan. “Ontario Conducting Research Into Solving Elevator Problems,” May 24, 2017 (www.insauga. com/ontario-conducting-research-into-solvingelevator-problems). The clean hoistway in INDX

Elevators in a Toronto Housing Authority complex were recently modernized with AVT Beckett’s Perimeter machine guarding.

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Company Spotlight

Canada Strong Innovation, founder’s vision and acquisitions fuel Delta Elevator’s growth as it celebrates 50 years.

by Anette Northridge It was 1956 when the Guderian family settled in Waterloo County, Ontario. Like many other immigrants from Germany, they were seeking to start a new life after the devastation of World War II. Walter Guderian was fortunate to arrive in Canada already having learned a trade — a trade that would be his career focus for the next 60 years. As an elevator mechanic, Guderian found employment quickly with Otis. After spending 10 years learning about the elevator industry in Ontario, his entrepreneurial spirit led him to leave the security of an established company to launch a business of his own. Delta Elevator Co. Ltd. began in 1967 and is now celebrating 50 years in business. Over the next 37 years, Guderian served as president and guided Delta through many challenges: growing the customer base, hiring and developing employees and investing in infrastructure. Guderian retired in 2004 but still

serves as chairman of the board and helps guide company strategy. One of the first members of the Canadian Elevator Contractors Association (CECA), he was recently inducted as an honorary member of the association (p. 164). When Delta started, it was a one-man maintenance business that Guderian ran from his home. After stops in ever-larger facilities in Kitchener, Canada (on Louisa and then St. Leger streets), the company grew into a full-service organization with three branch offices and more than 150 employees, including field staff, engineers and production workers. The head office and main operations continue to be located in Kitchener. Today, Andrew Friedel serves as president and CEO. Friedel leads the senior management team responsible for Delta’s strategy and operations. The business still has a smallcompany feel and continues to adhere to the same values Guderian imbedded in the Continued

Since 2000, administration, manufacturing, local field operations and the main parts depot have been located in a more-than-60,000-sq.ft. facility in Kitchener.

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Delta provided vertical-transportation equipment at La Tour CN Tower in Toronto, its fastest-growing market.

company’s culture half a century ago. It is an approach that dates In recent years, Delta established branch offices in Toronto, back to his apprenticeship in Germany, and it is something Peterborough and London, Canada. Since 2000, administration, customers and employees still appreciate today. manufacturing, local field operations and the main parts depot for Delta remains a Canadian company that designs and maintenance and service have been located in a more-than-60,000manufactures its own products, including accessibility, limited sq.-ft. facility at 509 Mill Street in Kitchener. The facility has use/limited application (LU/LA), freight and passenger elevators. undergone two additions and substantial renovations over the past John Guderian, vice president (VP) of Manufacturing, was 17 years. instrumental in developing its Lean manufacturing system. By Delta has also grown through acquisitions. In 2006, it purchased manufacturing in-house, the company is able to provide architects and integrated TriCity Elevator from Jeff Righton. While the and general contractors with customizable solutions and acquisition initially provided a doorway to the residential high-rise accommodate adjustments to building designs on the fly. market, it was the addition of Righton to the Delta senior The addition of mechanical and electrical engineering management team that has proved to be the most beneficial aspect departments provided Delta with the of the transaction. He is now VP of technical expertise to invest in R&D Operations — Greater Toronto Area, By manufacturing in-house, the on a continual basis. Mike Tikal, VP, Delta’s fastest-growing branch. company is able to provide Mechanical Engineering, has led the Delta’s growth has been funded architects and general contractors development of notable products, internally, the same way Walter including a LU/LA elevator (2004), Guderian grew the company in its with customizable solutions and machine-room-less elevator (2008) early years. Delta’s chief financial accommodate adjustments to and various entrance systems. officer, Tim Fisher, is a strong First released in 1999, Delta’s proponent of this risk-minimization building designs on the fly. distributed multiprocessor controller approach and believes it is one of the allowed the company to remain one of the few domestic suppliers reasons behind the company’s success. of fully integrated elevator systems capable of providing customers As an active community member, Delta contributes to local with a true “Made in Canada” solution. Andrew Sinclair, VP of charities, including the Grand River Regional Cancer Centre, the Electrical Engineering, has been responsible for its continuous Food Bank of Waterloo Region, Supportive Housing of Waterloo refinement to meet current needs. and MennoHomes Inc. The company also supports the community Continued

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Delta founder Walter Guderian as a young apprentice and more recently

At work in the Delta factory

Electric Elevator Pads is a patent approved invention that helps protect the overall integrity and aesthetics of interior elevator walls. Fitted with an electric motor, and controlled remotely, the walls of an elevator are efficiently protected when being used to deliver bulkier items. The walls can quickly be covered for protection or rolled up to expose the existing cab interior.

Serious inquiries only: +1 (561) 236-6805 contact@electricelevatorpads.com ale For S t n Pate

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Visit www.electricelevatorpads.com for more information and to view a video demonstration.

www.elevatorworld.com • September 2017

Maintenance Mechanic Steven Kschesinski is Delta’s longestserving employee, having worked with Guderian for nearly 30 years.

by recruiting locally, promoting from within and hiring students from local universities and colleges. It grooms its elevator mechanics internally through an apprenticeship program. This results in apprentices who share the same values and have technical capabilities to be at the top of their field. In-house training facilities and programs ensure that, once licensed, elevator mechanics remain qualified. The company has always placed a high value on its employees, and continues to do so. There are more than a few employees with tenures exceeding 25 years, including senior management team members, maintenance mechanics and supervisors. Elizabeth Peters, VP of Human Resources, is one of these. She has taken the lead role in ensuring social events like annual golf days, weekend barbecues, boat cruises and Christmas parties create a sense of family among the employees. Delta is a strong supporter of the elevator industry and has a long connection to CECA. Walter Guderian, past president, was one of CECA’s founding members in 1973. He was pleased to see the organization develop and become an effective part of the national elevator industry. More recently, Delta’s VP of Field Operations, Brian Elliott, served as CECA president from 2015-2017 and was instrumental in its recent growth in membership and national influence on the development of a standard maintenance control program for elevators. Today, Delta remains a family-owned business with deep roots in the community. The company looks forward to serving its customers for another 50 years. Anette Northridge is administrative assistant to the president at Delta Elevator. She studied Office Administration at Georgian College in Barrie, Canada.


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76 L ift A ire Elevator 75 Air Conditioner 74 73 A 72 71 70 69 68 67 66 The latest in a series of air conditioners/heaters designed specifically for use in elevators.

irxcel, the maker of the #1 brand of air conditioners in the recreational vehicle industry, has incorporated its unique experience and small air conditioner technology into building an elevator air conditioner/ heater that is now in operation in over 20 countries ELEVATOR AIR CONDITIONING UNIT and 100 cities around the world.

THERMOSTAT

RETURN AIR FLEX DUCT

SUPPLY AIR INSULATED FLEX DUCT

SUPPLY AIR DIVERTER

CONDENSATE DRAIN HOSE

OPTIONAL CONDENSATE EVAPORATOR

AIRFLOW

CONDENSATE DRAIN HOSE

The LiftAire™ II Elevator Air Conditioner is the only cost-efficient alternative for first class comfort control in today’s elevators. The lightweight, packaged unit mounts on top of the elevator and is supplied with a kit that includes everything you need for installation.

During operation, supply air is delivered in a cross-flow pattern from the top of the elevator, down to the floor and back up to the ceiling mounted return air duct.

In one easily installed package, the LiftAire™ II Elevator Air Conditioner provides comfort, environmental compliance and cost efficiency with engineered features that include an adjustable thermostat mounted inside the return air flex duct, construction that limits vibration and a lightweight, compact rotary compressor.

By the way, did we mention the LiftAire™ II Elevator Air Conditioner also has a high efficiency heater engineered, prewired and mounted for year-round comfort, at no additional charge!


LiftAire

FEATURES

10" Dia Collar Assembly. (2)

Wire Ties for Ducts (12) Thermostat Umbilical with 4-pin Connector

Thick-Wall Vinyl Condensate Drain Hose 12.5' Return Air 10" Flex Duct

Supply Air Diverter (4)

LiftAire™ II Elevator Air Conditioning Unit

25' Supply Air 4" Insulated Flex Duct

Optional Condensate Evaporator 4" Dia. Plenum Starting Collars (4)

Thermostat 10" Dia. Starting Collar (2)

Insulated Plenum Box

Thermostat Mounting Bracket

Elevator Air Conditioner

12.5' Insulated Supply Air Flex Duct

• Lightweight unit mounts easily in virtually any position on top of the elevator. • Self-contained, packaged air design for easy installation. • Compact rotary compressor saves space and weight. • Rated at 14,000 BTUH nominal cooling capacity. • Mechanical heat/cool thermostat mounted in return air flex duct for secure settings and more accurate temperature sensing. 15’ umbilical for remote thermostat mounting. Optional automatic change-over heat/cool thermostat available. • Standard 1,600 watt electric heater delivers 5,600 BTUH heating capacity on 120-volt model; 2,600 watt model delivers 8,800 BTUH heating capacity on 240-volt model. • Fan can be set to operate continuously for improved air circulation and filtration. • 450 cubic-feet-per-minute airflow rate. • Compressor hermetically sealed at factory for leakproof refrigerant flow and efficient operation. • Black finish on supply air diverter conceals it in the gap between the false ceiling and interior wall. • Compressor and outer cabinet are mounted on shock-absorbing rubber for added durability and noise reduction. • Long-lasting copper tubing is fabricated with shock-loops to strengthen the system’s vibration resistance. • Gas-flux brazed joints on the tubing to resist corrosion. • Start circuit with start capacitor and relay makes starting easier on the compressor. • All galvanized steel construction of the outer cabinet ensures corrosion resistance. • Heavy-duty, galvanized steel drain pan is specifically designed for corrosion-resistant durability with bronze-brazed corners and powder-coated epoxy paint. • Freeze protection is provided to prevent evaporator freeze-up, along with high and low pressure switches to protect against fan failure or refrigerant loss. • 4-pin connector plugs into air conditioner for easy thermostat hookup. • Field wiring accomplished simply and easily to lugs on printed circuit board. • Washable filter drops into unit. • Normally open contact for remote monitoring of unit shutdown or power outages.

OPTIONAL ACCESSORIES

• Automatic Thermostat - Programmable for 7-day operation, on/off, heat/cool • Condensate Evaporator - 1/60/115 volt or 1/50/240 volt; 3,000 WATTS complete with pan, filter, overflow tube and connection cables • Overflow Detection Device

SPECIFICATIONS

Nominal BTUH Cooling Capacity .......... 14,000 Delivered BTUH Heating Output ............ 5,600 Electrical Rating ...............................1/60/115V Locked Rotor Cooling Amps ...................... 67* Approximate Full-Load Amps/Cooling .... 16.1* Approximate Full-Load Amps/Heating ... 15.7* Running Watts1 ...................................... 1,537 Running Watts2 ...................................... 1,909 Running Watts/Heating .......................... 1,600 Evaporator Air Delivery CFM (high speed) .. 450

14,000 8,800 1/50/240V 32* 8.0* 12.0* 1,576 1,933 2,600 450

Air Conditioner Dimensions Length ................................. 39 in. Width .................................. 23 in. Height .............................. 18 1⁄8 in. Weight • AC Unit ....................... 180 lbs. • Installation Kit ............... 38 lbs. Evaporator Dimensions Length ................................. 21 in. Width .................................. 13 in. Height .................................... 7 in. Weight ............................... 20 lbs.

1 Tested under the following conditions: Cooling A.R.I. Standard Conditioning 80° F. DB/67° F. WB Indoor, 95° F. DB Outdoor at 115 VAC. 2 Tested under the following conditions: Cooling A.R.I. Standard Conditioning 100° F. DB/72° F. WB Indoor, 120° F. DB Outdoor at 103.5 VAC. * Air conditioner only. Does not include condensate evaporator. Coleman is a registered trademark of The Coleman Company, Inc. used under license. LiftAire is a trademark of Recreation Vehicle Products, Inc. C

Elevator Motors Corporation 80 Carolyn Blvd., Farmingdale, NY 11735-1525 Phone (631) 293-4220; Fax (631) 293-2714; E-mail: info@elevatormotors.com


SPONSORED BY:


If you’re in town for the NAEC Convention, you won’t have trouble filling any free time. by Matt Irvin

he NAEC 68th Annual Convention and Exposition will take place on September 10-14, and important business, education, dealmaking and networking opportunities will take precedence, but in a setting like Orlando, it’s not hard to imagine that there will be time for sightseeing, dining and visits to the myriad tourist attractions for which Central Florida is so well known. You can arrive for early registration from 1-5:30 p.m. Sunday, September 10, at the Orange County Convention Center, and registration will be open at 7:30 all other mornings. Built into the convention agenda are several fun events. On Monday, September 11, the official golf tournament has an 8 a.m. shotgun start at the newly redesigned Shingle Creek Golf Course. Transportation will be provided from the headquarters hotel, the Hyatt Regency Orlando, with the bus leaving at 6 a.m. Golfers are asked to arrive 15 min. early. Non-golfers may want to take the 9 a.m. Monday airboat tour of Central Florida’s swamps, marshes and rivers, where they can see alligators, eagles and more. You will also tour a wildlife park and can have a

photo taken while you handle a live alligator. Then, on Monday night, the Elevator Escalator Safety Foundation will host a fundraising Cornhole Tournament, with teams vying for prizes and bragging rights while playing the popular beanbag game. The fun starts at 8 p.m., and will include entertainment, desserts and beverages. On Tuesday, runners can take part in the Fun Run ’17, a 5K run/3K walk that starts at 6 a.m. at the Hyatt Regency. And, Tuesday afternoon, from 1-5, there will be a tour of scenic Winter Park, an excursion that includes an open-air boat ride past luxury homes along three beautiful lakes and canals, and a stroll through Winter Park’s brick-paved streets, where shopping, galleries and cafés provide a lovely experience. If you have more free time during NAEC week, there are limitless other offerings for vacation fun.

Visit Orlando Visit Orlando, the Orlando/Central Florida official tourism organization, offers comprehensive information about attractions, Continued

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The “Seven Dwarfs Mine Train” is coaster fun at Walt Disney World; photo courtesy of Visit Orlando.

LEGOLAND Florida is a kid-friendly theme park that parents can love; photo courtesy of Visit Orlando.

“Harry Potter” fans will flock to the station to ride the Hogwarts Express at Universal Orlando’s “The Wizarding World of Harry Potter”; photo courtesy of Visit Orlando.

September 2017 • ELEVATOR WORLD

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Satisfy your competitive streak and your craving for cool fun by zipping down the Taumata Racer at SeaWorld’s Aquatica water park; photo courtesy of Visit Orlando.

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lodging, dining and transportation on its website, www. visitorlando.com. The website also includes links to a huge listing of tourist-related businesses, plus a search function that makes it easy to navigate. Interested in transportation options? Type “transportation” into the search box, and you’ll get page after page of relevant hits, most of them complete with contact information and links to each provider’s website. You’ll get similar results searching “lodging,” “dining,” etc. To make your trip-planning even easier, Visit Orlando has a mobile app that provides recommendations for nearby hotels, restaurants and more; an interactive map; Visit Orlando’s concierge service; games; and “tickets, deals and discounts.” Click on the “Get Our App” link on the homepage. As Visit Orlando proclaims, Orlando is the “Theme Park Capital of the World,” and it would be hard for anyone to dispute this. After all, the Orlando region is home to such world-renowned attractions as LEGOLAND Florida, SeaWorld Orlando, Universal Orlando Resort and, perhaps best-known of all, the huge Walt Disney World Resort.

LEGOLAND Florida A boat tour/shopping trek to picturesque Winter Park is planned; photo courtesy of Visit Orlando.

LEGOLAND Florida is a 150-acre interactive theme park in Winter Haven, about 45 min. from Orlando. This kid-friendly park offers more than 50 rides, a water park, a botanical garden and plenty of shows, restaurants, shopping and other attractions. Continued

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Golfers will want to start their NAEC experience with the official golf tournament, to be held at the redesigned Shingle Creek Golf Club; photo courtesy of Rosen Shingle Creek.

The Orange County Convention Center will be home for the NAEC Convention and Expo; photo courtesy of Visit Orlando.

Tickets can be purchased in advance on the LEGOLAND Florida website, www.legoland.com/florida.

SeaWorld Orlando SeaWorld is known for its amazing sea life, but did you know you can experience a mysterious underwater world, complete with canyons and a legendary sea monster? If this sounds like fun to you — and you’re of stout heart — you’ll have to try “Kraken Unleashed,� a virtual-reality (VR) joyride on SeaWorld’s renowned floorless coaster. Learn more at seaworld.com/orlando. If you want to stay cool, Aquatica by SeaWorld is the place to be. Here’s a splash-happy, family-friendly water park with all levels of rides. Buy tickets, book hotels and more at aquaticabyseaworld. com/Orlando.

Universal Orlando Take an escape from reality here. Universal Orlando includes the theme parks Universal Studios Florida and Islands of Adventure; the Volcano Bay water park; and an after-dark entertainment complex, Universal CityWalk Orlando. There are VR rides that take you along for “Harry Potter and the Escape from Gringotts,� “Jurassic Park River Adventure� and “Race Through

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New York Starring Jimmy Fallon,� to name just a few. If crazy coasters are your thing, try the Hollywood Rip Ride Rockit. Learn more at www.universalorlando.com.

Walt Disney World More than 45 years ago, the Walt Disney Co. made Orlando synonymous with theme parks when it opened Walt Disney World. Starting with its first park, the Magic Kingdom, Disney World went on to add Epcot, Disney’s Hollywood Studios and Disney’s Animal Kingdom. There’s also the Typhoon Lagoon and Blizzard Beach water parks, the ESPN Wide World of Sports Complex and other venues. There is more than enough to keep a family entertained at the Disney parks — the Magic Kingdom alone has more than 40 rides and attractions, including such favorites as “Space Mountain,â€? “Pirates of the Caribbeanâ€? and “Country Bear Jamboree.â€? You must plan ahead to visit, so go to disneyworld.disney.go.com and get clicking. The list of things to do goes on and on, including more golf, nightlife and dining, cultural attractions and numerous others. The Visit Orlando website is a good resource to plan your NAEC đ&#x;Œ? week.   


IGV and Otis share insight about the thriving market. by Kaija Wilkinson

lorida is hot, and not just temperature–wise. It is also a bastion of construction activity, including that of tall buildings such as the luxury condominiums that continue to multiply in Miami/ Ft. Lauderdale/West Palm Beach. The Miami skyline is transforming, and projects tend to share qualities such as an emphasis on art, brand consciousness and the region’s natural beauty. It is here one finds unique structures like the Porsche Tower with its own car elevators (ELEVATOR WORLD, September 2015), Casa Armani and Fendi Chateau, not to mention one with a James Bond theme (EW, October 2015). It was no surprise, then, when Italy’s IGV Group chose to enter the U.S. market a few years ago in Miami (EW, February 2015) — specifically, the Miami Beach neighborhood that hosts the internationally renowned Art Basel show each year. Thanking former Miami Beach Chief Elevator Inspector (and EW Technical Advisory Group member) John Antona for his support in opening IGV’s DomusLift Corner, Chairman Eng. Matteo Volpe says Miami is the perfect fit. DomusLift Corner offers home lifts featuring interiors with SWAROVSKI crystals and reproductions of famous works of art, ideal for the South Florida consumer. Miami and its residents are internationally known for their cosmopolitan style. Volpe states: “Some people describe Miami as ‘the city closest to the rest of the world,’ meaning that Miami is a tourist and international city where a huge number of Spanish-speaking people live, and this makes it different from the typical American city. Of course, this helps us a lot. In Florida, we really feel at home while being in an international and cosmopolitan environment.” Many Miami condo properties prominently feature original artwork both inside and out, and have lush, landscaped, outdoor areas. In some instances, they can be accurately described as over-the-top. That is exactly Continued

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Many Miami condo properties have lush landscaped outdoor areas, such as this one at Panorama.

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Downtown Tampa is undergoing a major redesign that is sure to generate work for VT companies; image courtesy of Visit Tampa Bay.

Orlando has a lot of land and has seen significant hotel/resort activity; image courtesy of Visit Orlando.

how many would describe one of the pioneers of tall-building construction in Miami, flamboyant and controversial German developer Thomas Kramer. He is credited with negotiating with local government to pave the way for skyscrapers in the city, particularly in the South of Fifth area, where Kramer and his partners opened the 44-story Portofino Tower in 1997. Since then, Portofino has gotten lots of company. Florida has 19 buildings that are 560 ft. or taller, more than 85% in the Greater Miami area. A breakdown is as follows:[1] ♦♦ City of Miami, 13

[Miami] neighborhoods including Sunny Isles, Edgewater and Wynwood are seeing a lot of movement. 120

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♦♦ ♦♦ ♦♦ ♦♦

Miami Beach, two Tampa, two Sunny Isles Beach, one Jacksonville, one IGV is not the only industry player that finds Florida the perfect place to thrive. The major OEMs have large presences there, including Otis Americas, which has headquarters in Palm Beach County. Otis recently spoke with EW about the characteristics of and outlook for the Florida market — not just in Miami, but throughout the Sunshine State. EW: Approximately how many employees does Otis have in Florida? Otis: Otis has nearly 500 employees in the Florida subregion in the following locations: Jacksonville, Ft. Lauderdale, Miami, Orlando, Sarasota/Naples, Tampa, Puerto Rico and the Bahamas.


While it’s true that construction in the South Florida market (Miami/Ft. Lauderdale/West Palm Beach) is active right now in terms of tall-building construction, there is also a lot of activity in the Tampa area. EW: It appears that almost all, if not entirely all, skyscraper construction is taking place in Miami, rather than Jacksonville, Orlando or Tampa. It seems like those cities had their most robust tall-building activity in the 1980s and 1990s and have been quiet since. Is that an accurate assessment? Otis: While it’s true that construction in the South Florida market (Miami/Ft. Lauderdale/West Palm Beach) is active right now in terms of tall-building construction, there is also a lot of activity in the Tampa area. The city is undergoing a major redesign downtown, and those plans include several 30-story-plus buildings. Orlando is a different type of area, with a lot of land, and we are seeing an increase in resorts/hotels being bid. EW: Miami high-rise, high-end residential construction seems very artistic and, often, brand conscious. How does this translate into elevators (i.e., in the form of finishes and features clients want)? Otis: Gone are the days of the elevator simply serving a functional purpose. Customers today want an aesthetically pleasing elevator that not only reflects the building’s image, but also provides an intuitive, efficient passenger experience. Our new units achieve higher speeds, and we are able to offer our customers highly customized finish options, as well as integrate technology to streamline a passenger’s ride. To that end, we offer the CompassPlus® destinationmanagement system, which uses Smart Grouping technology to direct individual passengers to the elevator in order to provide the fastest, most-direct route to their destinations. EW: Brickell, obviously, but which other Miami neighborhoods are hottest for tall-building construction right now? Which ones have the brightest outlook?

Elevators for your Porsche created a buzz in the industry when they debuted at the Porsche Design Tower in Miami; image courtesy of Porsche.

The Moshe Cosicher-designed Panorama will be the tallest building in Miami and boasts Otis VT equipment.

Otis: Neighborhoods including Sunny Isles, Edgewater and Wynwood are seeing a lot of movement. EW: Are there any challenges unique to building tall buildings (and installing elevators) in Florida? Otis: Some of the challenges in Florida include a high water table and being in a hurricane zone. Otis has experts who work with developers and architects to address these issues and how they affect the vertical-transportation (VT) system. EW: How healthy is the elevator industry in Florida right now? Otis: The Florida market is very healthy across all major population centers. EW: What are the industry challenges specific to Florida? Otis: There can be a general lack of diversification. For example, the state used to be very condo driven, although this is changing. Of course, weather and its associated damage and delays are always a concern. EW: What is a notable project in Florida in which Otis has been involved? Otis: We provided the VT products for Panorama Tower, which will be the tallest tower in Miami when completed later this year. Otis products in Panorama Tower include our premier SkyRise® elevator, specifically designed for high-rise projects and integrating modern technologies for speed control, safety and energy efficiency, and our SkyBuildTM, high-speed, self-climbing elevator used to transport workers safely and reliably while on the job.

Reference [1] wikipedia. “List of Tallest Buildings in Florida” (en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ List_of_tallest_buildings_in_Florida).

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EXHIBITOR LIST Company Name

A

Booth #

ACCESS Elevator & Electric Supply . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1301 ACLA USA, Inc. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0527 Acorn Stairlifts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0404 Adams Elevator Equipment Company . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0701 ADCO Elevator Drilling, LLC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1622 Advance Carbon Products . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0310 Advance Welding Service Inc. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1621 AFD Industries, Inc. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0928 Alimak Hek . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1606 Alliance Elevator Solutions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0620 ALP Industries, Inc. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1134 Alps Wire Rope Corporation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1426 Archi-Tread, Inc. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0544 AscendTM - a division of Inpro® . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0308 Ascension . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0345 Automated Integration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1620 Automatisation JRT, Inc . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0302

B

Benfield Electric Supply . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0901 Beta Control LLC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1631 Blain Hydraulics GmbH . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0521 Brugg Lifting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0639 Bruno Independent Living Aids . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0503 Bucher Hydraulics, Inc. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0726

C

C.E. Electronics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1009 C.J. Anderson & Company . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0835 Cambridge Architectural . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0303 Cambridge Elevating Inc. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0103 Canton Elevator, Inc. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0911 Captivate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1525 CareHawk . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0207 CED Elevator Supply . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1608 CEDES Corporation of America . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1515 Cobbs Allen . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1342 Columbia Elevator Products Co., Inc. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0839 Concept Elevator Group . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0430 Connor & Gallagher . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0405 Courion . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1015 Custom Elevator Manufacturing Co., Inc. . . . . . . . . . . . . 1528

D

as of 7/31/2017

Electronic Controls, Inc. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0524 EleVader by ParkUSA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1601 Elevake US, LLC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1633 Elevation Innovation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0215 Elevator Controls Corporation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1101 Elevator Dynamics, LLC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1245 Elevator Equipment Corporation (EECO) . . . . . . . . . . . 0709 Elevator Escalator Safety Foundation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1539 Elevator Motors Corporation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1338 Elevator Products Corporation (EPCO) . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0904 Elevator Systems Inc. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1421 Elevator World . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0421 Elevators EV International . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0830 Elevecture . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1529 ELGO Electronic, Inc. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1611 ELSCO (Elevator Safety Company) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0520 EMS Group, Inc. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0821 ESRM Communications, LLC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1543 Expert Service Solutions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1243

F

FabACab . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0343 Federal Elevator Systems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0621 FIELDBOSS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0306 Flavesco Inc. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1623 Formula Systems North America, Inc. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1131

G

GAL Canada Elevator Products . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0921 GAL Manufacturing Corp. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0921 Garaventa Lift . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0739 Gillespie Corp. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1230 Global-Tardif Elevator Manufacturing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1139 Gorman Co., Inc. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0614 Gunderlin Ltd . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1433 Gustav Wolf Steel Wire & Wire Ropes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0901

H

Handicare . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0203 HARMAR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0413 Hidral USA, Inc. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0315 Hollister-Whitney Elevator Corporation . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0921 Huskie Jameson . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0650 Hydroware Inc. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0648

I

David Weber Oil Co. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1523 Delaware Elevator Manufacturing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0624 Delco Elevator Products Ltd. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1438 Draka / Prysmian Group . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0901 Dupar Controls, Inc. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0931

I.T.I. Hydraulik . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1413 iBusiness Technologies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0402 Imperial Electric . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1209 Inclinator Company of America . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0900 Innovation Industries, Inc. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1229 Integrated Display Systems Inc. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0733 International Steel & Counterweights . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0406

ECS Corporation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1533 EHC Global . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1321 Eklunds, Inc. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1503 Electrical Motor Repair Co. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0439 Electro-Mech Industries (EMI) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0209

James Monroe Wire & Cable Corp. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1403 Janus Elevator Products Inc. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1221 JM Associates/Burnham + Co . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0932

E

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J


K

KEB America, Inc. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0625 Kings III Emergency Communications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0805 KONE Spares . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1115

L

Laird Plastics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1527 Lift Business Advisors, Inc. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1544 Lift Solutions, Inc. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0613 Lift-U Division of Hogan Mfg., Inc. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1602 Lustre Products Ltd. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0408 LWI Elevator Panel Co. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1625

M

Machine Room Guarding . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0329 MAD Elevator Inc. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0539 Magid . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1604 Magnetek, Inc. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0801 Man-D-Tec, Inc. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0939 Mathis Electronics, Inc. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0831 Matot, Inc. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1130 Maven Group LLC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1344 Maxton Manufacturing Company . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0720 MEI - Total Elevator Solutions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1121 MK Battery . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0542 Mongrain Vertical Transport Inc. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1031 Monitor Elevator Products, LLC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1229 Monteferro America . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1109 Motion Control Engineering (MCE) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1311

N

National Association of Elevator Contractors . . . . . . . . 0531 National Elevator Cab & Door Corp. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0615 National Fixture USA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0109 Nationwide Lifts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0215 Nightstick by Bayco Products, Inc. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0409 Norman Lamps, Inc. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0429 Northeast Lock Corp . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0525

P

Palmer Pads (W.E. Palmer Co) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0712 Parts Specialists, Inc. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0828 Peelle Company . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1001 PFlow Industries, Inc. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0515 Phoenix Modular Elevator . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1524 Plymouth Engineered Shapes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0403 Pneumatic Vacuum Elevators, LLC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1617 Porta, Inc. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0209 Precision Escalator Products . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1249 Precision Stairlifts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0504 PTL Equipment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0609

Q

Quad City Safety . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0349 Quality Elevator Products, Inc. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1301

R

Rath Microtech . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0426 relayr . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1626 Residential Elevators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1347 Retro Elevator . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0646 REULAND . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1339 Reynolds & Reynolds Electronics Inc. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1429

Rigidized Metals Corporation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0339 Rimex Metals (USA) Inc. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1521 Ring Communications, Inc. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1425 Ritz Safety . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1505 Rocky Mountain Elevator Products . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0449

S

S.E.E.S. Inc. / Southern Elevator & Electric Supply . . . 1420 Savaria Concord Lifts, Inc. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0433 Schaefer Elevator Components, Inc. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1442 Schmersal Inc. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0438 Schumacher Elevator Company . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0715 SCS Elevator Products Inc. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0716 Siemens Corporation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0309 Site Service Software, Inc. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1439 Smart Elevator Tech, LLC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0547 SmarTork . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0444 Smartrise Engineering . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0721 SnapCab . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1039 Spano Fastening Systems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1445 Spider . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0425 Sprecher + Schuh . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1522 Staying Home Corporation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0445 Stone Brokers of America . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0307

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TB Woods . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1624 Technical Specialties . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0407 Texacone . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1239 Titan Machine Corp. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1232 TORIN DRIVE International . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1331 Tri-Tronics Company . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0829 Trico Manufacturing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0729 Truxes Company . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0331

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Unitec Parts Company . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1201 UpVate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1509

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Vator Accessories, Inc. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0502 Vertical Express . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0601 Vertical Solution Co., The . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0538 Vertitron Midwest, Inc. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1121 Victaulic Company . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1511 Virginia Controls, Inc. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0811

W

Wachendorff Automation GmbH . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0327 Waupaca Elevator Company, Inc. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1301 WECO Elevator Products LTD . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0511 Weidmuller . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1520 Wessex Lift Co Ltd . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0115 Westcoast Innovative Pro Pads . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1327 Wildeck, Inc. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0428 Wire Rope Works Messilot Ltd. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1610 Wirerope Works, Inc. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0610 Wittur . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0321 Woodfold Mfg., Inc. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0833 WORLD electronics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0708 Wurtec, Inc. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1215

Z

ZZIPCO . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1532 September 2017 • ELEVATOR WORLD

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ORANGE COUNTY CONVENTION CENTER - WEST BUILDING/LEVEL 2/HALL WD1-2 - ORLANDO, FLORIDA

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NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF ELEVATOR CONTRACTORS - SEPTEMBER 13 - 14, 2017

HALL WD1 ENTRANCE

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Editorial Deadline:

September 15, 2017 Advertising Deadline:

October 2, 2017

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ELEVåTOR WÅRLD India

The Premier Magazine for the Building Transportation Industry in India

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ELEVATOR WORLD INDIA

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Company Spotlight

First to Market SCHAEFER’s Canadian segment looks to offer premium push button feature before its competitors. by Lee Freeland SCHAEFER Elevator Components Inc. is the Canadian segment of SCHAEFER International. Headquartered in Surrey, British Columbia, it is part of the larger SCHAEFER GmbH founded in 1964 by Wolfgang Schaefer. The Canadian branch has been selling the company’s push buttons and fixtures since it opened in 2012. It has recently begun manufacturing its products in Canada. Benedikt Thoma, vice president, gave your author a tour of SCHAEFER’s large booth at the Canadian Elevator Contractors Association (CECA) expo (p. 164). He explained the mid-range and premium buttons the company displayed there have a “unique� feature. Indeed,

SCHAEFER’s 9,200-sq.-ft. facility in Surrey, Canada

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your author had never seen it: after popping a button’s faceplate off, a screw(s) can be turned to switch between several shades of border LED lighting. Up to 30 on-site-changeable color combinations are available. Their installation is simplified thanks to self-reversing polarity, self-adjusting voltage with multi-volt LEDs and two contacts as standard. There are 250 SCHAEFER employees around the world, mostly stationed at the company’s branches, also in Germany, Spain, Italy and China. Its products are in operation in more than 120 countries. Its other products include bus systems, wiring, touchscreen displays and đ&#x;Œ? illumination, all for the elevator industry.   


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In addition to being vandal resistant, the buttons on products such as the VD 42 have a raised ring around their edges to prevent accidental pressing.

Though this type of panel/button combination is not yet approved for North American codes, it certainly caught eyes at the expo.

This photo is an example of the variety of colors the buttons can present. Some models are affixed with a snap ring and have no studs.

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(l-r) Benedikt Thoma introduced your author to other friendly SCHAEFER employees Susanne Boos and Todd Corrigan at the CECA expo.


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Readers Platform

Angelo Ippolito: Chiropractor to the NYC Elevator Set Your author talks to a doctor who understands the unique needs of the elevator professional. by Daniel Levinson Wilk

Ippolito

Have you ever felt that twinge in your spine? But, in 2001, when the landlord of his first That stiffening in your neck? The pain that leaves office in Queens, New York City (NYC), doubled you laid out on your back for days? You know the rent, he found new accommodations nearby what I’m talking about, and so does Dr. Angelo in Long Island City. He didn’t know the Ippolito, DC. neighborhood, that it was a hub for the elevator Elevator repair is industry, nor did he know the special health especially dangerous for risks elevator repairmen face. muscles, joints and Within a month or two, he picked up his first ligaments. Most physical elevator-industry patient, Brian, who worked at labor allows you to Mainco, just a few blocks from his office. Brian position your body in spread the word, and soon Ippolito was treating various ways to protect it. the aches and pains of a lot of elevator-industry For example, while professionals. He’s become one of the go-to unloading a truck or back-and-joint men in the local industry. working a jackhammer, If you go to see Ippolito, he’ll do a few things you can keep your spine untorqued or bend your for you. He’ll teach you a little about your knees at appropriate times. In an elevator shaft, anatomy to give you a better understanding of though, your range of motion is more what might be causing your pain. Sometimes, constrained, and sometimes you are forced into the source of the problem is not where the injury positions that are not ideal. “For some of these manifests. The pain is usually caused by a guys,” says Ippolito, “they’ve got to retrofit secondary injury, which, in turn, is caused by themselves into a narrow space.” The biggest compensations your body has made to adapt to problems usually come from lifting heavy objects the primary injury. while bending forward or pushing overhead He’ll also make some adjustments to your while your body is twisted. joints and spine, and manipulate the soft tissue Ippolito didn’t know with stretching, The biggest problems usually come any of this when he massage, opened his first myofascial from lifting heavy objects while chiropractic office more release and bending forward or pushing than 20 years ago. He instrumentalso didn’t have any overhead while your body is twisted. assisted softparticular interest in tissue elevators; limousines mobilization. were more his thing. After earning a pre-med And he’ll give you some brief exercises to do degree at Yale University, he spent a few years periodically throughout your workday. driving a limo, one day picking up a bachelor If you’re an elevator-industry professional party of chiropractors. By the end of the night, who has moved from the field to the back office, he had a new career in mind. Ippolito still wants to see you. In fact, sitting at a Continued

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desk all day is probably more dangerous to your spine than repairing an elevator. As he and others have said, “Sitting is the new smoking.” Sometimes, he tells his patients who work in offices that their backs would be in better shape if they worked as longshoremen. He says: “The body is designed to move and to move heavy objects. Your spine Reaching and extending the head and neck can wants that. There’s create problems for elevator technicians. this misconception that the discs in the spine need to be preserved and babied, to not subject them to any kind of compression. That’s completely false. Going into a squatting position and lifting something, that’s good. When you’re sitting all day, you’re not getting any of that.” He recommends that anyone with a desk job get up every 20 min. or so to engage in 60 s. of activity. Just walking around is good, but he has developed special exercises that he says are optimal. Ippolito also warns against compensating for sitting all day by exercising more after work. He’s had many conversations with his patients, explaining to them that breaking up inactivity is just as important as bursts of exercise, and that most people who exercise this way are overtraining. Professional athletes, for example, are extremely fit, but that fitness often sacrifices long-term health with excessive wear on muscles and joints. There’s also an insidious belief that elevators themselves are bad for you, because you’d burn more calories and less fossil fuel if you took the stairs. Several years ago, NBC ran public-service ads to this effect, starring Bethenny Frankel of The Real Housewives of New York, NBC journalist Natalie Morales and Jack McBrayer of 30 Rock. (The McBrayer ad was the most painful, because 30 Rock is among the most elevator-heavy and elevator-positive shows in the history of sitcoms.) The claim that elevators are bad for the environment is simply bogus. By increasing urban density, elevatored buildings decrease our use of fuel to drive cars and heat buildings. I suspected the “bad for you” claim was also wrong, so I ran it by Ippolito. Yes, he agreed, walking up and (especially) down stairs can put unnecessary stress on your joints (not to mention the danger of falling down the stairs and hurting yourself ). According to a report by the National Safety Council, in 2013, 2,233 Americans died “falling on and from stairs and steps,” about a hundred times more people than those killed in elevator accidents. He is a little skeptical of the new movement in architectural design to put open staircases at the center of office buildings, encouraging people to walk the stairs more and even hold meetings

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on the stairs. And yes, he agreed, living in a densely populated, elevator-rich environment makes driving less convenient, which means you will probably walk more from place to place. But, for all but the most out-of-shape people, “walking is terribly overrated.” He asks all his new patients what they do for exercise, and many say they walk. He observes: “To me, walking is as fundamental as breathing. We’re designed to walk. If you walk properly — and they’ve done studies on this with robots — it should be minimal energy expenditure. We are such a perfect design, that if you’re walking upright, it’s just effortless.” So, elevators aren’t bad for you, but the walking that urban density forces you to do won’t make you much healthier. Getting up from your seat every 20 min. for a minute of activity is more important than walking the streets or taking the stairs. In the last five to 10 years, Ippolito has been seeing fewer elevator repairmen, for two reasons. One, as real-estate prices have soared, a lot of elevator companies have moved out of the neighborhood. In an ironic twist, some have moved to Astoria, where Ippolito was forced out of his office more than 15 years ago by rising rents. The second reason is that around the same time as gentrification began, a lot of companies stopped offering insurance benefits to their workers to save money, and Ippolito stopped taking insurance, a common response among health professionals to the increasingly byzantine American healthcare system. But, his elevator-repair practice is important to him, so he has continued to see his longtime patients at steeply reduced prices. Daniel Levinson Wilk is associate professor of American History at the Fashion Institute of Technology at the State University of New York (SUNY) in NYC. He has a BA from Amherst College and a PhD from Duke University. He received the 2010-2011 SUNY Chancellor’s Award for Excellence in Teaching.


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A gathering rich in history, education and networking proves memorable at UVA.

The Boar's Head Inn

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by Caleb Givens n 1819, Thomas Jefferson set out to establish a better institute of higher learning, one that would advance knowledge through the future. Fitting, then, that the University of Virginia (UVA) would be the host of the 2017 Elevator U Conference in Charlottesville, Virginia. Elevator U’s mission to exchange ideas and information relative to vertical transportation in academic facilities mirrors many of Jefferson’s ideas. This year’s conference was well received and one of the best attended in recent years. The first day began with the traditional golf outing. Don Ross of D.H. Ross Elevator Inspections, Inc., sponsored a raffle for closest to the pin on all four par threes. That same evening was the Elevator U Board of Directors Meeting, during which Ross received the first-ever Honorary Elevator Ladder Award. It was reported during the meeting that attendance this year was 160, with nearly 50 vendors. The first official morning of the conference began with a welcome from Don Sundgren, associate vice president and chief facilities officer for UVA. Sundgren thanked those in attendance and provided an overview of UVA’s operations and current hospital expansion project. Following Sundgren was Dr. Clemense Ehoff, who kicked off the educational presentations with “Maintenance from a Business Perspective.” Ehoff emphasized that a customer’s expectations are a direct result of his or her experience, which is different for all customers. Ehoff also noted he is interested in conducting a study on call-backs at universities and asked those in attendance to submit their data to be included in his research. Bob Shepherd, executive director of NAESA International, spoke next on personal safety. He stressed the importance of pit access and brought attention to the National Elevator Industry, Continued Continued

The Boar's Head Inn at UVA hosted Elevator U participants.

September 2017 • ELEVATOR WORLD

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UVA emergency room expansion

A perfect likeness of the EU Board of Directors

Thomas Jefferson's historic home, Monticello

(l-r) Glenn Duncan presents Don Ross with the inaugural Honorary Elevator Ladder Award, a mostly humorous award given by fellow board members in appreciation of friendship and ongoing commitment to Elevator U.

Elevator U’s New Board As always, a new Board of Directors is elected during the conference. This year saw some key changes, including election of new President Eddie Morris. Here is the 2017-2018 Elevator U Board of Directors:
 ♦♦ Eddie Morris, UVA – president ♦♦ Martin Culp, University of Maryland – vice president ♦♦ Steve Pydynowski, Illinois State University – treasurer ♦♦ Brad O’Guynn, Elevator World, Inc. – secretary ♦♦ Don Ross, D.H. Ross Elevator Inspections - director ♦♦ Brad Haldeman, Penn State – director ♦♦ Tom Sybert, C.J. Anderson, Inc. – director ♦♦ Terri Flint, University of Michigan – chairman ♦♦ Glenn Duncan, Parts Specialists, Inc. – founding director

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UVA personnel (l-r) Scott Carter, Kevin Lawrence, Mike Richard, James Dowell and Eddie Morris


Inc.’s nine Safety Absolutes (ELEVATOR WORLD, May 2017). Shepherd added a 10th to the list, the always-important personal protective equipment. After the lunch break, Rob
Dirscherl from the University of Pennsylvania presented “Long Term Planning.” Dirscherl emphasized that writing your own contract and ongoing continuing education for university staff are crucial during planning. “Safe Elevator Operation with Serial I/O” presented by Adam Silvernail of Virginia Controls, Inc. was next. According to Silvernail, “Anytime you use new technology, you have to be careful of the consequences it may bring.” John W. Koshak of eMCP, LLC, gave a presentation on understanding the maintenance control program (MCP) and introduced his product, the electronic MCP (eMCP). “The root cause of many accidents,” said Koshak, “is lack of maintenance.” After Koshak was “Hydraulic Cylinder Replacement” presented by Joy Graber and Matthew Grindel from United Drilling, Inc., which closed out the educational presentations for day one.

A “Magical” Evening That evening was the social event sponsored by Vator Accessories, Motion Control Engineering and United Drilling. As always, there was plenty to keep everyone entertained — two caricature artists, a tarot card reader and a magician who also had talents as a balloon artist. After breakfast the following morning, Mark Yako with GAL Manufacturing Corp. started the educational presentations with “Selecting the Correct Equipment.” Don Vollrath with Magnetek said the key takeaway from his “Elevator Power Regeneration” presentation was that an elevator always needs to be able to haul the

maximum load, which is “a fact of life.” The final presentation of the morning was your author’s “State of the Elevator Industry.” The vendor hall was open for the first time during the lunch break, and, since it took place in a separate building, it provided ample room for visiting the booths.

VendorMercials: Always a Hit! After lunch, everyone was entertained and educated by the popular VendorMercials. These give vendors an opportunity to promote their products and/or services in a unique way. With guitar in hand, Chip Rowland with Brugg sang an original song, Joe Fay with SnapCab had some audience participation with a UVAthemed game of over/under and Ed Mathis and Franklin Pierce from Mathis Electronics modified The Association’s 1967 hit “Never My Love.” It is always fun to see who plays the roles in the skit that promotes the importance of plates from John Rearick of CodeDataPlate.com. This year, it was Ed “Jaz” Jaskowak, Don Ross, Margaret Lourenco (Smart Elevator Tech) and, of course, Rearick. Ed Butte with Magnetek took a more serious approach and gave an overview of his company’s latest products. Finishing out the VendorMercials was Mike
Jennings from Virginia Controls, Inc. (VCI). VCI’s offices are about an hour and a half from Charlottesville, so instead of busing the conference attendees for a tour of its facilities, Jennings brought the facilities to the conference via an amazing Google Street View virtual tour. Kevin Morse and Dale Hughes from Naval Facilities Engineering Command finished out day two’s educational presentations with “Elevator Design Criteria and Specifications.” That evening, the vendor hall was busy, with everyone mingling and enjoying dinner and drinks. To accompany dinner was the Continued

The group from Elevator U toured Monticello.

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The EU Board of Directors with the Robert S. Caporale award given in honor of founding member Caporale.

View from the Boar's Head Inn

silent auction and 50/50 raffle events to raise funds for the Elevator Escalator Safety Foundation (EESF). In all, US$4,450 was raised for the foundation, according to EESF Executive Director Nikole Gore-Layton. During the festivities, Terri Flint gathered everyone for two special award presentations. This year’s John W. Blatt Memorial President’s Choice Award was given to Martin Culp with the University of Maryland for his many years of dedication to Elevator U. The next award was the newly renamed Robert S. Caporale Memorial Honorary Membership Award. An emotional Flint spoke of Caporale’s longtime commitment to the organization, beginning

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as a founding member in the late 1990s. Each board member then briefly spoke on what Caporale meant to them personally. Terms like “friend” and “mentor” were prevalent as this year’s was given in his memory. It was moving to see Caporale’s memory honored and his passion for the elevator industry and Elevator U carried on.

Presentations and a Historical Tour On the final day were two presentations: “Sealing Management for Hydraulic Cylinders” from Tony Valdez with Texacone and “Hoist Ropes: Applications, Installation and Maintenance” from Martin Rhiner with Brugg Wire Rope.


During the afternoon of the final day was the much-anticipated tour of Monticello, Thomas Jefferson’s historic home. Sitting on 5,000 acres, the mansion is filled with historic pieces, each with a fascinating history. Jefferson was very much interested in science, architecture, the arts and, of course, higher education. The land surrounding the home offers visitors amazing views of the distant mountains and rolling hills of Virginia. Many thanks go out to Virginia Controls for sponsoring the Monticello tour. Chairman of the Board Terri Flint said of this year’s 20th-annual conference: “Overall, this year’s conference was very successful. I was very pleased with the educational sessions. I’ve always thought one of Elevator U’s top priorities is to make sure attendees get information they can take back to their campuses. We hope the education we provide with our speakers helps attendees have a positive impact on the maintenance, repair and installation of the elevator equipment they are responsible for.�

Jefferson’s Traditions Live on Through Campus On the last day, with a little free time, your author had the opportunity to take a quick tour of some of the grounds of the University of Virginia (UVA). If you think a university founded by Thomas Jefferson would be rich in history, then you would be correct. The Rotunda, located on The Lawn, was designed by Jefferson himself and features a prominent bronze statue of his likeness on the north side. Construction on the Pantheoninspired structure began in 1822 and was completed shortly after Jefferson’s death in 1826. It now serves as the university’s library. Another statue of Jefferson, this one made of marble and weighing 3 T., greets visitors inside. 
 During a 2015 renovation of the Rotunda’s Lower East Oval Room, a chemical hearth was discovered behind one of the walls. UVA historians date the hearth back to the 1820s and believe it was an agreed-upon project by the university’s then-professor of chemistry John Emmet and Jefferson. UVA also housed, for a brief time, American poet Edgar Allen Poe as a student. A preserved recreation of room 13, Poe’s living quarters, can be found on The Range. Running parallel to The Lawn in two rows, The Range (also part of Jefferson’s original design) consists of 52 rooms and houses only those students who achieve the highest level in academia. How are these students chosen? By their fellow classmates — a self-governance tradition handed down by its founder, Thomas Jefferson.

“The field of knowledge is the common property of all mankind.� — Thomas Jefferson

Stepping into the 21st century, your author was able to get a look at the current US$400-million emergency-room expansion project underway. This expansion will increase the number of available hospital beds for patients and includes 12 elevators. Its upper floors will provide available space for laboratories and additional facilities as needed. If he were here today, I believe this project would meet Jefferson’s approval.

Acknowledgement Your author would like to thank James Dowell, elevator đ&#x;Œ? supervisor with UVA, for serving as his tour guide.   

The Rotunda on the UVA grounds September 2017 • ELEVATOR WORLD

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Company Spotlight

Stannah Celebrates 150 Years The history of the British company, best known for its stairlifts, stretches across five generations and through two world wars. by Lee Freeland Stannah was founded five generations ago by Joseph Stannah in the London docks in 1867. Its name was made building hoists and cranes This year, Stannah has for the dockyards matched 150% of its staff’s and creative fundraising initiatives. problem solving. Of its monumental anniversary, the company states: “Our 150th year is not just an opportunity to look back at what we have achieved, but an opportunity to look forward and be clear about our determination to thrive for the next 150 years. We won’t be changing our core values,

but we will be doing even more to foster innovation and continuous improvement within the business, to explore new markets and to continue to build our brand in both the commercial and domestic spheres as the lift company to rely on.” As revealed in an interview of Stannah Group Managing Director Jon Stannah by Elevation Editor Ish Buckingham,[1] Joseph’s son Albert (great-grandfather of Jon) joined the company and led it into the 20th century amid increasing industry competition. Albert’s son Leslie then became involved in the business, and both men served in the world wars, with Leslie becoming a lieutenant commander before returning to London to find his factory had been bombed. He rebuilt it from scratch in 1945, and, with the Continued

Stannah’s head office in Andover, U.K.

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Stannah is installing a lift in the historic Winchester Cathedral, one of the largest cathedrals in Europe.

A circa-1900 catalog page, including the original Stannah logo at bottom right

U.K. government’s help, manufactured Stannah’s first passenger lifts, exporting some as far as Palestine and Ceylon. Brian and Alan, sons of the next generation, joined Leslie and approximately 40 others in London in the 1950s, making bespoke lifts for all sorts of applications and providing maintenance services. Brian restructured the business early in the next decade and formed a base around the more regular income from service contracts, providing a cushion for the more volatile supply-and-fit business. Solving problems with their personal and dedicated workforce’s engineering skills helped the brothers keep the business growing, as it expanded through the 1960s. The politics of the 1970s brought about tough times with miners’ strikes, recession, fuel shortages and three-day workweeks. During this time, Brian, Jon’s father, purchased Holland-based Jan Harmer’s stairlift designs, which proved very successful. By 1975, Stannah had moved out of London and set up a site in Andover, where its head office remains.

Continued

Safety First “Safety is definitely our number-one priority. First of all, we test, test and test again all our lifting equipment to ensure users are safe. Secondly, we take every possible precaution to ensure the safety of our staff and, particularly, our onsite engineers. We want everyone to go home safely at the end of the day. We are thrilled to have been awarded our ninth gold RoSPA Award for health and safety – that means a great deal to us.” — Jon Stannah, Stannah Group managing director An early ornate Stannah passenger elevator

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A photo of Stannah workers from the 19th century

A modern Stannah scenic passenger lift at Berry’s Jewellers in Nottingham

(l-r) Brian and Alan Stannah with their first stairlifts in 1970s

Jon Stannah with a Stannah stairlift: the company has grown from manufacturing five stairlifts a week in 1975 to 500 each week today. Despite having distributors all over the world, it still manufactures each of its stairlifts; photo courtesy of Richard Pohle/Times Newspapers.

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An escalator installation


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4th Ed

As the company concentrated on stairlift development, the brothers partnered to become sole U.K. distributors of Italianmanufactured dumbwaiter service lifts, forming the Stannah Microlifts division. Then, it moved the manufacture of passenger lifts to Andover. Later in the 1970s, Stannah opened its first dedicated service branch in Eastbourne. In the 1980s, it added larger goods lifts to its product range, developed its passenger lift range and opened more service branches. It began development of platform lifts in the 1990s, and escalators and moving walks were added in the following decade. In more recent years, the company won the national contract for U.K. Network Rail lift maintenance. Jon explained that Stannah currently employs 1,700 people. Approximately 700 are in Andover, with more than 360 lift engineers in the U.K. He notes engineering is probably Stannah’s greatest area of recruitment difficulty, so it is keen on offering engineering apprenticeships in all 11 of its service regions in the U.K., averaging 30 apprentices each year. He is also proud to have many senior managers who began as apprentices, with many more “who have worked for us, moved on and then returned with valuable industry experience. We work on maintaining a family feel to our business,” he explained. As it celebrates its anniversary, Stannah’s major projects team is working on several U.K. infrastructure projects. This work continues to grow, with installations at London Bridge Station, London Luton Airport, Waterloo Station and Winchester Cathedral happening this year. In addition to putting more technology into its stairlifts, Stannah is introducing a range of residential lifts and starting to maintain loading systems. Its maintenance portfolio currently stands at 91,000 products nationwide, supported with a call center open 24/7 with access to its engineers. Jon said Stannah is “very proud to be a British independent company” and plans to remain independent. He hopes its success in manufacturing more than 600,000 lifts over its existence “will inspire other entrepreneurs to invest in Britain,” continuing: “We have survived world wars, bombings, numerous recessions and financial crises. We import, export and trade worldwide. Business is challenging, but I can honestly say that our amazing people’s dedication and excitement in the business makes it all worthwhile. . . . There are currently five family members of my Stannah generation managing the business, and, between us, we have 18 children. This family business will continue to be proud of its heritage and excited about its future.”

Reference [1] Buckingham, Ish. “Stannah Celebrates 150 Years of Proud Industrial Heritage,” Elevation, May 2017.

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Focus on Maintenance and Modernization

power play How to modernize your existing elevator to achieve net-zero energy and meet modern urban mobility and sustainability challenges by Brad Nemeth

Approximately 40% of total U.S. energy consumption was attributed to buildings last year, with elevators accounting for as much as 10% of that. Elevators consume 5 billion kWh per year, costing roughly US$500 million. Significant strides have been made to improve elevator efficiency. In an attempt to control the speed of elevators in the 1970s, for example, motor-generator sets that took AC power and created a DC current, which at the time was the only way to control the speed of a motor, were used. But, it wasn’t about energy efficiency; it was simply about improving an elevator’s performance. In the 1990s, AC drive technology eventually advanced to a point where an elevator’s energy consumption was cut in half, inspiring elevator companies to reexamine how they could further improve the energy efficiency of their units. It was during this critical period that the energy efficiency of elevators was thrust into the spotlight.

regeneration processes. Instead of converting the regenerated energy into heat and dissipating it in the machine room, manufacturers were applying different transformers that cleaned the energy and put it back into the building, which helped contribute to nearly 40% of the energy being fed back into the structure. Elevators had become small energy consumers within a building, but the opportunity was there to do more. Enter net zero. Approximately 10 years ago, manufacturers started looking for ways to make their new elevators net-zero energy units. While that was an important step toward increased Continued

A Powerful Movement During this time, energy consumption was once again cut in half through improved

The Fraunhofer Center for Sustainable Energy Systems sought to [find out how much of a difference a net-zero elevator system makes] when it modernized an elevator in a 100-yearold Boston office building. The Fraunhofer Center’s historic Boston office building

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Working in tandem with a PV solar display, the elevator system produces surplus energy.

sustainability in the built environment, the problem was that it was too narrowly focused. The number of new buildings added to the global total each year is less than 2%. In the U.S., more than 70% of all buildings are over 25 years old, meaning only a small fraction of the elevators installed worldwide were an option. Around the time net zero was being introduced on elevator systems, a new certification that would redefine environmentally friendly buildings was being ushered in. The Living Building Challenge, created in 2006 by the International Living Future Institute to promote the most advanced sustainability efforts utilized to achieve zero-energy buildings, is a green building certification program that can be applied to both new construction and modernizations. This helped inspire the idea of modernizing elevators with net-zero energy systems, but the challenge was how to do it.

Getting to Net Zero Getting to net zero requires a series of steps that diminish the energy consumption of every part of the elevator system. This process eliminates inefficient legacy components, enabling the owner to achieve the lowest energy consumption mode potential (i.e., the smaller the energy footprint, the smaller the amount of energy that has to be offset with solar or other alternative energy sources). For example, without optimizing the energy footprint, solar panels used to consume a significant amount of roof space, but today, those solar panels can be installed within the footprint of Continued

Getting to net zero requires a series of steps that diminish the energy consumption of every part of the elevator system. 152

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the elevator shaft itself, making it more practical and cost–feasible. The main components of an elevator system that can be optimized are: ♦♦ Controller ♦♦ Drive ♦♦ Machine room ♦♦ Motor ♦♦ Dispatching ♦♦ Lighting/ventilation Regenerative drives recapture energy when the elevator is in motion, taking the energy regenerated during braking and, instead of dissipating it as heat in the machine room, cleaning it and sending it back into the building to be consumed by other devices.

Specialty Elevators Personnel/Manlift, LULA, Residential

Often, machine-room cooling is never considered, because it is technically not part of the elevator system, but the dedicated AC cooling unit typically required can be eliminated or significantly reduced in size when regenerative technology is used. Net-zero energy is also achieved through the inclusion of a smart/learning controller with deep-sleep or hibernation mode, and automatic power-down of the cab lighting and fan circuit when the elevator is inactive. LED cab lighting is also an important part of a net-zero energy elevator system. Due to code requirements, many vintage elevator systems did not permit the lights to turn off, draining energy resources. In a low-rise building, for example, a typical elevator consumes more energy from the lighting system than it does actually moving people. Simply replacing halogen and incandescent bulbs with LED lights can deliver the performance of a fluorescent bulb but with 10-15 times the lifespan. LED lights should also be incorporated as the backlights of buttons. Schumacher Elevator Company engineers Smarter and more-efficient technology and manufactures standard and custom allows elevators to turn the lighting and fan off based on elevator trends, using such elevators for customers worldwide. data as the last time a button was pressed, or use a two-speed fan to circulate fresh air through the cab based on occupancy. Another aspect of a net-zero elevator system is switching from relay to microprocessor controls on the board, which reduces the amount of energy and energy losses by having more integrated circuits per area of the printed circuit Hydraulic & Traction board, making the controller and circuitry In–Ground, Holeless, MRL, more energy efficient. In addition, elevator Geared, Gearless companies developed special AC motors with variable-frequency drives that are designed for lower RPMs required by elevator systems, thus eliminating the need for reduction gearing.

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Components, Power Units, Controllers

Net-zero energy elevator systems are great in theory, but how much of a difference do they really make? The Fraunhofer Center for Sustainable Energy Systems sought to answer that question when it modernized an elevator in its 100-year-old Boston office building with a net-zero solar energy system. Fraunhofer installed a 3.75 kW rooftop solar photovoltaic (PV) array that fit within the elevator footprint. Incorporating many of the energy-efficient features referenced earlier with a low-to-medium activity profile, the elevator used roughly 8 kWh per day. The solar PV array produced 11 kWh per day, which translated to an energy surplus of 45%. Even in a highusage scenario where usage is doubled on


Alimak Hek 92x247mm_Alimak_Hek_92x247mm.qxd 2017-06-30 14:33 Sida 1

Automatic powering down reduced cab standby power by 90%.

business days, net-zero energy is still projected with the same solar array. Fraunhofer then measured elevator power draw in another office building for several years, using different configurations compared to the one year of the net-zero energy elevator. Upgrading the elevator controller reduced standby power draw by more than 75%, from 400 to 100 W. Meanwhile, installing automatic powering down reduced cab standby power by 90%, from 90 to 9 W. More people are seeking to ride the net-zero energy wave as the number of certifications being applied for continues to increase, and conferences like the Global Energy Forum, where people can learn more about net-zero or net-neutral buildings, become a priority. Twenty-five years ago, many people may have laughed at the thought of an elevator contributing to a net-zero building, but many also thought a sideways-moving elevator was impossible. Brad Nemeth is vice president of Sustainability for thyssenkrupp Elevator. He is responsible for the development, implementation and messaging for all sustainable initiatives and activities in North and South America. Nemeth earned his BS in Engineering from the University of Wisconsin. He has more than 28 years of experience in disciplines including manufacturing, operations, supply chain, strategy, information technology, R&D, sustainability and technology. He is based in Frisco, Texas.

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Focus on Maintenance and Modernization

A How-To From Texacone Your author provides an in-depth look at maintaining and troubleshooting packing for hydraulic elevators. by Wallace T. Wheeler

The Texacone Co. has been supplying the elevator industry with hydraulic seal sets for more than 50 years. During this time, we have compiled information that can be vital in determining the correct replacement seal set for a specific application and root out the cause of sealing performance issues. This article provides essential information required to properly repack a hydraulic elevator unit. The science of dynamic seal design can be quite involved. Here, however, we omit the detailed engineering principles behind the seal profile geometry and material selection, instead focusing on a more practical, hands-on approach that can save time and money.

Background The neverending demand for more environmentally friendly and efficient machines has required many changes. The goal is for them to do more work at a lower operating cost, require less maintenance and provide greater safety. For the hydraulic-elevator industry, there has been an increase in the use of holeless units that also include above-ground tandem, cantilevered, roped hydros and telescopics. Environmental code changes have led to stricter requirements for PVC liners for in-ground cylinders. These changes explain the need for higher performance standards from the system components because of: ♦♦ Lower speeds: Roped and telescopic units have dramatically reduced operating and leveling speeds.

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♦♦ Higher temperatures: PVC-lined and above-ground holeless cylinders no longer have direct contact with the ground and are surrounded by an insulating blanket of air. Generated heat will not dissipate as efficiently as before. Smaller machine-room space allowances also increase overall system temperature. Because of these recent industry trends, demand for improved sealing components has greatly increased in the past decade and will probably continue to do so.

Basics The mechanics of a hydraulic system are relatively simple. A cylinder is filled with fluid. Under pressure, the fluid forces the plunger out of the cylinder. The seal forms a barrier to block the passage of the fluid, generating system pressure.


Typically, the words, “packing” and “seals” are used interchangeably, which can lead to confusion. Technically, packing refers to the entire set of components, which will always include one or several types of seals. Other components may be a wiper, spacers and bearings. See the graphic below for specifics on individual component functions. Packing can also refer to older compression-style packing still widely used today.

5-in. plunger can vary as much as .06 in., depending on the manufacturer. We recommend using a seal specifically engineered for that manufacturer, rather than a standard seal.

Unit Manufacturer Equipment modernizations typically include the power units and controllers, leaving the existing hydraulic jack in place. There are many older cylinder heads still in operation, making it more difficult to identify the jack. Compare the head with any available drawings or prints to confirm the manufacturer and model of the hydraulic cylinder. Note that often, the OEM of different components can vary. We offer four options to make this process easier: 1) Compare to the 3D pictures found in our catalog and Technicians Handbook. 2) Access the interactive Elevator Cylinder Head ID Tool at texacone.com/IECHI. 3) Download the Texacone On-Site App. 4) Send a photo to info@texacone.com for expert advice.

Configuration

Cylinder Head ID Even before going to the jobsite or ordering parts, it is vital to gather as much information as possible about the unit to be repacked. Information that must be collected includes plunger size, unit manufacturer and configuration of the installation. Additional information that could prove helpful includes date of unit installation, modifications done to the unit since, history of performance problems, types of seals previously installed and date of last repack. To minimize elevator downtime and technician travel time, it is best to purchase seal components before traveling to the site. Once there, it is best to confirm as much information as possible before taking the unit offline. This will avoid costly downtime should the on-hand seal set be incorrect and new parts need to be reordered.

Plunger Size

Finally, confirm the configuration of the installation. Seal selection is often dictated by type. For example, roped hydros typically require a single seal and have a higher potential for “stiction” (sticking friction felt when motion starts). This would be a good application for a low friction seal, such as Texacone’s 900 Supreme Green series urethane seal. Another example would be two-seal in-ground units. It is important to maintain the integrity of the OEM set design requirements by having two seals in the packing set while not causing undue friction. This is an application suited for a reduced-friction packing set, in which the oil return system can still be maintained.

Unit Inspection Once the information has been confirmed, the hydraulic cylinder should be monitored for operational conditions before being taken offline. Potential seal-related problems to look for are: ♦♦ Leakage ♦♦ Ride performance ♦♦ Oil condition ♦♦ Plunger condition It is important to observe the position or condition when the above problems manifest themselves. For example, does the problem occur at the second landing, while the car is in the down direction and as the plunger’s joint passes through the packing box?

Leakage

The plunger diameter should be measured with a caliper or tape Determine where the leakage originates. Does it appear and should be done in several locations from top to bottom. We uniformly or erratically at a specific position? Does the oil squirt recommend using a diameter tape (such as PI TAPE®) to eliminate out, or does the plunger have a heavy film of oil when traveling the need for any calculations. Note any variations in readings. Pay upward? Also, inspect the box for external leaks that may be special attention to areas at the coming from a gasket or O-ring plunger ends and around joints, as failure. Highly polished surfaces can cause ride these are common areas for Ride Performance performance problems due to the inability dimensional variances. Observe where the problems It is important to note that the of the surface to carry any lubricating oil occur. Is there bumping just as the correct machined dimension of a plunger begins to move from rest?

through the seal.

Continued

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Does the problem occur primarily at the top floors, bottom floors or both? Note the severity of the problem. Next, try a diagnostic procedure that we use to determine the source of excessive friction. While the unit is online, smear a thin coat of Jack’s Green Slime or equivalent lubricant on a significant portion of the plunger. Now, run the unit and observe any changes. If the ride performance issue is eliminated, the friction source is likely originating from the seal. If the issue changes only marginally (or not at all), the most likely source is either the guide rings in the packing box or an external source, such as the rail-guide system or hydraulic valve.

Oil Condition Inspect the hydraulic oil for signs of degradation, such as discoloration, strong odors or contamination. Usually, a visual test is adequate to detect any problems with the oil that could affect the seal. For example, milky oil is evidence of water contamination, while a significantly dark color indicates degradation. Note that increased system temperatures accelerate degradation and can further decrease the lubricity critical to achieving optimal ride performance. The oil should be replaced if it has indications of degradation or contamination, as this will significantly affect seal performance and longevity.

Plunger Condition Finally, before removing the packing components, thoroughly inspect the entire length of the plunger for scores or pits, bad joints, poor grind patterns and discoloration.

Packing Set Inspection Remove the packing-set components from the cylinder head. Consult the manufacturer’s manual for the proper procedure and observe all safety precautions. When removing the components, mark their positions relative to the plunger. This will aid later when determining the exact position of a defect on the plunger, if necessary. Remove the components carefully, trying to preserve any wear marks or indications of failure. Avoid using a sharp metal object like a screwdriver that can damage the plunger or stuffing box. Kits with special tools that allow easy packing removal without damaging the other hydraulic components are available. Also, determine if any components are missing from the packing box. Examine all components from the packing box. Note any findings on the individual components, such as: ♦♦ Deep scores or scratches ♦♦ Uniformity of the wear on sealing lip or wear surface ♦♦ Deformations of the components ♦♦ Hardening or discoloration of materials ♦♦ Cracks or missing portions of components

Packing Alternatives for Extreme Conditions If the unit is experiencing extreme conditions, consider using an alternative packing type and/or material to extend the life of the seal. See chart at top right.

Methods for Corrective Action If needed, use the “Cause and Effect” chart at center right to determine if there is a solution to help bring damaged equipment back to acceptable working condition.

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Glossary of Causes Plunger scores and scratches: Raised, scored areas must be dressed down flush to the plunger surface. Shallow scratches can be sanded down with sandpaper to minimize seal damage. Wrapping an old pair of nylon stockings or pantyhose around the plunger is an excellent way to detect small burrs on the plunger when refinishing one. It is important to maintain a true diameter without creating flat spots. We recommend using a sanding sleeve or other concentric sanding device that can uniformly refinish the entire plunger.


Deep scores should be filled to eliminate excessive seal leakage. used to fill low spots around it, particularly if there is any grinding involved. Epoxy-type fillers are generally temporary and should be avoided, Cylinder misalignment: Incorrect alignment can cause both as the oil pressure will pop out the repair over time. We leakage and friction. To obtain optimal seal performance, recommend using the Sure Fill repair kit that employs a permanent alignment must be within spec. All kinds of “spider bobs” have solder-based filler and will last the life of the plunger. The only been used to help accomplish this. We recommend using an other alternative for deep scoring is to replace the plunger. aligning system that will quickly and accurately align cylinders Poor plunger finish: consistently. Selecting a seal that has a wider sealing range can also In the elevator industry, be a solution to this problem. a plunger should be Temperature extremes: Very low temperatures can cause neither too smooth nor abnormal leakage, while temperatures higher than 140˚F can cause too rough. If the plunger seal friction and shorten seal life. Note the temperature measured becomes glazed or in the oil tank is typically lower than the temperature measured polished to the point of near the seal where there is dynamic movement. Oil heaters and being very smooth, after coolers should be employed to maintain temperatures. Specific seal several years of service, materials can also be chosen to handle these extremes, such as it must be refinished. Viton®, hydrogenated nitrile or the newer premium grades of Highly polished surfaces urethanes, like what is found in the Texacone 900 series seal, which can cause rideperforms up to 300˚F. performance problems Oil degradation/contamination: Replacement is often the due to the inability of most effective way to correct contaminated or deteriorated oil. the surface to carry When replacing the oil, use a filter element with a minimum rating lubricating oil through of 10 microns. Also, be sure the entire system (including the the seal. Typically, a cylinder) is filtered. In addition to replacement, it is also important very dry plunger is the to determine the root cause of the deterioration, whether from result. temperature extremes or introduction of foreign debris. To help Rough plungers will improve the existing oil, additives are available to add lubricity to usually carry an excessive amount of lubricating oil, as well as the oil and help reduce ride-performance problems. Be sure these dramatically decrease seal service life. In either case, the plunger additives are completely compatible with all the sealing should be refinished to bring it back to the manufacturer’s components in the system, including the valve system. Other seal specifications. Texacone’s Sanding Sleeve will work perfectly in materials, such as Viton, are available if oil replacement is not an both of these situations to renew the plunger’s surface finish to option. Incorrect parts: After the sealing set components are removed OEM specifications. from the stuffing box, compare them to the new replacement set. Dimensional variations: Plunger dimensions are the most Be sure that you have all components necessary to replace the common variation and can be from over/under grinding, tapered entire set. Also, confirm the part numbers and given dimensions grinding or excessive grinding on a repair spot, such as a joint. match the unit’s requirements. Consult Texacone’s online catalog, Sometimes, a plunger is “hourglassed,” meaning it has several low texacone.com/IECHI, for the most current part numbers spots over its length. Often, the Sure Fill Repair Kit can be utilized necessary for specific North American units. to fill a low spot to bring it to the original plunger dimension. Packing box dimensions are harder to measure but, fortunately, Repacking do not typically have dimensional problems. The box will have to If the cylinder unit is in good repair and set up according to be removed to take accurate readings. Dimensional information is specifications, it is time to install the packing set. The packing box available from most manufacturers. It is rare, but if a box is out of must be very clean and completely void of any burrs. Remove any spec, it may have to be replaced. sharp edges on the box that may damage the Undersized/oversized plungers: If a Usually, a visual test is adequate seal components upon installation. Clean all plunger is suspected of being an incorrect grooves and bores thoroughly before dimension over the entire length, take several to detect any problems with the installing new seals and components. In the measurements with a diameter tape. There is case of split wear band grooves, this is very oil that could affect the seal. dimensional information available for most critical, as any debris in the grooves will OEMs, and it can be determined if the decrease clearances and cause ride-performance problems. Also, plunger is out of tolerance. In most cases, there are special seals inspect the top of the plunger for a lead-in chamfer. This chamfer available, such as the LOADED 900 Seal for leaking units. must be present to avoid damage to the seal when placed over the Mismatched plunger joint: If a joint has a mismatch between plunger. two sections, it must be redressed so that there is a smooth There are two types of packing sets available for hydraulic transition from one section to another. Texacone’s Sanding Sleeve cylinders. The compression type (Vee or Chevron) must be compressed by a gland for proper operation. The floating type can be used to smooth the joint, while the Sure Fill Repair Kit is Continued

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should not be compressed and have a minimum of a 1/32-in. space in the box for floating. Floating sets that are compressed can result in either excessive leakage or friction. Confirm that the type of packing set you have matches the type required for the unit. Also, confirm that when the set components are installed, there is ample compression or space, depending on which is required by the set type. Occasionally, in the case of compression packing sets, shims are required to provide enough compression for sealing. It is important to install the component pieces in the correct sequence as packaged or as shown in the catalog. For example, there should always be a lantern between two seals. Wallace T. Wheeler holds an Engineering degree from Southern Methodist University. He has been involved in seal research, design and manufacturing for Texacone since 1984.

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Focus on Maintenance and Modernization

Wire Rope Basics Draka and Gustav Wolf offer tech tips for proper installation and maintenance. submitted by Draka Elevator Products graphics courtesy of Gustav Wolf

When installing, maintaining or modernizing an elevator, nothing is more important than doing the job right. And, perhaps more than any other component, hoist ropes are susceptible to problems merely by being improperly handled. It’s because of this susceptibility that Draka Elevator Products and Gustav Wolf have created these tech tips for the proper handling of wire ropes prior to and during installation, and for maintenance afterward. Proper handling means: ♦♦ Transporting reels of rope on the jobsite by rolling them on a clean, flat surface or by lifting them using a pipe run through the reel center hole. ♦♦ Storing wire rope indoors, off the ground and covered to protect it from moisture, dirt, dust, sunlight and other elements. ♦♦ Taking care when unrolling rope from the reel. Do not pull the rope laterally when paying it off the reel, and avoid kinking and dragging ropes over sharp edges. ♦♦ Preventing ropes from rotating during installation, since free-hanging ropes will untwist under their own weight. The use of reeving splices is recommended. ♦♦ Seizing or securing loose rope ends with cable bands to prevent untwisting. ♦♦ Continually inspecting wire rope during installation to identify any areas that may have been damaged in shipment or while in storage on the jobsite. Other aspects of rope installation and maintenance that should be considered or addressed follow.

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Surface Line Some hoist ropes are marked with surface lines (Figure 1) that help installers visually determine whether the ropes have untwisted (which weakens the rope structure and reduces service life). To use the surface line, make a full up or down run of the elevator after rope installation and count the number of rotations of the surface line. If the rotations per 100 ft. (30 m) of rope exceed the numbers below, the ropes should be adjusted by rotating the wedge sockets prior to tensioning, installing the retaining clips or tying off the hoist ropes: ♦♦ Wire ropes with 1:1 roping: one-and-a-half rotations per 100 ft. ♦♦ Wire ropes with 2:1 Figure 1 roping: three rotations per 100 ft.

Tensioning of Hoist Ropes Equal tension must be maintained between individual ropes in a set. To avoid differential wear of sheave grooves and ropes and extend rope service life, installers should ensure that hoist ropes are equally tensioned at the time of installation, after four-six weeks, after six months and annually thereafter. Ropes are considered to be equally tensioned when the smallest tension measured is within 10% of the highest tension


measured. Ropes with greater tension/load will press harder into the sheave grooves, resulting in increased overall rope wear; ropes with lesser tension/load will slide through the sheave grooves, causing increased crown and sheave wear. The use of “tuning/plucking� or using a torque wrench to determine tensioning is not recommended. Today, elevator installers have access to highly accurate electronic rope-tensionmeasuring devices that allow the quick and accurate checking and adjustment of tension.

YES

Field Lubrication Policy It is strongly recommended that annual lubrication be done every spring, if the ropes become dry to the touch, or after every 250,000 starts, whichever occurs first. Note, however, that governor ropes should NEVER be relubricated. Wire rope may be paid off a reel supported by jack stands with a helper using a board as a brake (Figure 2) or by paying it off a coil as the helper rotates it (Figure 3).

Figure 3

When paying rope off a reel or coil, do not pay it off the top or đ&#x;Œ? pull it laterally, as this can lead to kinking (Figure 4).  

YES

NO

Figure 2 Figure 4

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EVENTS Canadian association meets in the Great (Not So) White North.

CECA 2017

by Lee Freeland The Canadian Elevator Contractors Association (CECA) held its 43rd annual convention in Collingwood, Canada, on June 6-9. Though the Blue Mountain Resort’s location was distant (nearly two hours away from Toronto Pearson International Airport) for some, the ski locale was a perfect place to spend a week in late spring. Though rain had been forecast, sunny and temperate weather held out all week. Members started arriving on June 6, when there was a closeddoors CECA Board of Directors meeting. A golf tournament at links overlooking Lora Bay began the next morning, and the President’s Reception followed the first of four educational sessions. The evening open-air reception offered a great chance to catch up with old friends and meet new ones, while hors d’oeuvres were brought around, a band played, and a trivia game was held. The next day, June 8, began with the Kickoff Breakfast. After outgoing President Brian Elliott’s welcome, Membership and Supplier Chair Michael J. Ryan of host The Peelle Co. introduced special guests, board officers and guest speaker Tracy Schmitt. Promoting her book UNSTOPPABLE YOU, Schmitt inspired everyone with her life story that included being a tall-ship captain, mountain climber, skier and Quest for the Gold athlete. These accomplishments would be impressive for anyone, but even more remarkable was the fact that she is a four-way amputee.

AGM The informative, well-attended Annual General Meeting (AGM) immediately followed the breakfast. Heiner Marnet established a quorum and read the minutes from last year. Elliott, presiding, then called Doug Guderian up to deliver his report as treasurer. Guderian explained that the association’s revenue had decreased as planned due in part to decreased convention revenue, not increasing membership dues, offering discounts and investing in its scholarships, which it is offering for the second year. It has also invested in its French website and French maintenance control plan (MCP), in addition to the CECA standardized contract (now in both French and English and available to all CECA members), and obtained a Nissan fleet discount. (Nissan exhibited this year.) Ryan Continued

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Cameras were at the ready for the unobstructed sunset over Georgian Bay at the Beach Party.


Penafiel

Marnet

Zachata

Frain

Cane

Staite Ryan

Guderian

(l-r) Kevin Heling and Guy Seguin at the President’s Reception

Outgoing President Brian Elliott opens the reception.

The inspirational, “unstoppable” Tracy Schmitt motivated everyone.

then presented the membership report, which revealed 215 members, a net increase of two from last year, with 17 companies as new members. Rob Cane gave the Eastern Region Report, which focused on challenges in Quebec. These include code negotiations with and questions for licensor Régie du Bâtiment du Québec (RBQ). A general Quebec strike that affected all construction workers in the province had also been endured for a week in late May. Cane said the aforementioned translated MCP seemed to be successful so far, and he intends to bring a copy of it to a meeting with RBQ for approval. Phil Staite gave the Central Region report, noting increased membership. The region created subcommittees for residential elevators and hoists to better address the needs of each sector. He noted dealings with Ontario’s Technical Standards & Safety Authority (TSSA) have been both productive and informative. He also explained that the new Residential Elevator Committee had held four meetings to work toward raising awareness of home-elevator safety, promoting the industry, and establishing minimum training and standards requirements for

home elevators. The Construction Hoist Committee had also been busy and scheduled two educational providers to present to its members in Collingwood. Members in the region are also working with the Ontario Infrastructure Health and Safety Authority’s Elevating Devices Committee to promote safety material to workers. Staite explained that the Ontario College of Trades is working with the Industry Training Authority to make elevator technicians part of the Red Seal Interprovincial Standards Program and streamline the process for apprentices. Durham College in Oshawa, Ontario, is working on a two-year pre-apprenticeship program to start this month that could give applicants much of their training and additional electrical and/or millwrighting experience. It currently has 38 elevatortechnician students enrolled. Guderian joined Staite to explain the most heated topic of the week, the “Reliable Elevator Act.” Introduced into the Ontario Legislature on March 22, it surprisingly passed both first and second readings, while garnering strong media attention. CECA’s issue with it is that it makes the elevator contractor responsible

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for all out-of-service elevators to be back in service within 14 days (seven days for elevators in long-term-care facilities). CECA seems united in its belief that, while quick repair of elevators is important, there are many factors the contractor may have no control over that must be considered for each project. CECA’s action on the bill has included forming a committee, which spoke to the member of parliament who tabled it and met with senior Ontario government officials. The committee was assured that if the bill goes to committee, CECA will have a voice at the table. It has also hired a lobbyist. Lobbying efforts are being coordinated with the National Elevator Industry, Inc. (NEII®), with its executive director, Karen Penafiel, explaining that its own lobbyist is in negotiations with lawmakers. Marnet’s Western Region report covered each province, focusing on British Columbia, where there are approximately 28,000 units in operation. It is adopting the 2016 (updating from 2007) CSA B44 code. Marnet explained the industry is very busy with both new construction and modernization work, and an estimated 1,000 people are participating in mechanic


The Construction Hoist Meeting

certification programs. Vlad Zachata reported on dealings with the British Columbia Safety Authority. Hugh Hunter gave the suppliers report, noting that the 112 supplier (not including dual) members make up 52% of total CECA membership. Staite of the Nominating Committee then said Marnet is stepping down from the board and being replaced by Rob Busch of Eltec in Vancouver, though Busch was not present.

Construction Hoist Meeting James Frain spoke to a small meeting on construction hoists, explaining that the Elevating Devices Training Academy (EDTA) he represents is going through modules for TSSA approval. He said EDTA has training courses available but needs to work with someone in the elevator industry as it introduces its material. Staite and others present also spoke in greater depth on working with TSSA, which would be the accrediting organization for the modules. Steps on how to obtain the accreditation were brainstormed.

Exhibition

A closed-doors Bridgebuilders Meeting was held, with representatives from CECA, the National Association of Elevator Contractors, NEII®, the National Elevator and Escalator Association, and the Elevator Escalator Safety Foundation.

A spacious exhibition hall was opened immediately following the AGM. Fifty-six companies exhibited in 69 booths, marking the largest booth count in several years. A silent auction for the Elevator Escalator Safety Foundation of Canada (EESFC) was held at many booths: companies donated a variety of prizes, with the proceeds of their sale netting EESFC CAD3,700 (US$2,938).

Dinner Dance The annual Gala Dinner Dance was held that evening. It included a bit of entertainment and lots of good food, but was highlighted by awards and recognitions. Elliott thanked the board, saying it is “full of energy and fresh ideas,” Continued

There was a full room for the AGM.

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167


Courion

Draka

Elevator Controls

EHC Global

FIELDBOSS

Formula Systems

Imperial Electric

Inovation Industries

KONE

Lift Business Advisors

Maxton

MCE

Palmer Pads

The Peelle Co.

Reynolds & Reynolds

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ProntoForms

Renown Electric

SmartRise

Texacone

Unitec

Vator Accessories

Wurtec

Adams Elevator Equipment Co.

C.E. Electronics

The new CECA Board of Directors (excepting former director Marnet) with Executive Director Catharine Bothwell looking sharp at the dinner dance: (l-r, front row) Heiner Marnet, Phil Staite, Pedro Oughourlian, Doug Guderian, (l-r, back rows) Michael J. Ryan, Hugh Hunter, Brian Elliott, Rob Cane and Paul Bentley; absent: Rob Busch.

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The Blue Mountain Resort is in Collingwood, which sits on Georgian Bay, often referred to as the sixth Great Lake. Its hills are part of the Niagara Escarpment and used as ski slopes in winter.

Vollrath

Lanpher

Most educational sessions were well attended. Tony Heiser of KEB America Inc. presented “Elevator Drives — Topology, Control, and Troubleshooting,” which could be applied toward the Certified Elevator Technician (CET®) and Certified Accessibility and Private-Residence Lift Technician (CAT®) programs. The comprehensive seminar covered modulation for inverters; AC, induction and permanent-magnet synchronous motors; speed control; and more. The other sessions, held throughout the week, were: ♦♦ “The Do’s n Don’ts of Evaluating & Selecting Upgrading Your Enterprise Business Systems” by Rick Lanpher of Automated Integration ♦♦ “Retaining DC Elevator Motors” by Donald Vollrath of Magnetek, Inc. and Jeff Collins of Renown Electric Motors & Repair Inc. ♦♦ “Getting the Most Out of Your Business” by Mark Walters and Jeff Eaton of Lift Business Advisors

Heiser

Educational Sessions


The sprawling resort included numerous restaurants, shops and even a market. Its buildings were modeled after those of a traditional European village.

(l-r) Eaton & Walters


Aerial dance cirque performers A2D2 provided multiple sets of acrobatic entertainment at the Gala Dinner Dance.

Members of The Peelle Co. (foreground) were given a big round of applause for their hard work in putting on a seamless convention.

Always a beloved fixture of a CECA convention, the hospitality suite was extra-large this time and included pool, Jenga and arcade basketball. Best of all, it was open during the evenings all week long.

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Suppliers Breakfast

Walter Guderian, named an honorary member this year, at the Beach Party

and called this year’s iteration “the best CECA.� Ryan honored CECA Executive Director Catharine Bothwell for her tireless work in organizing all CECA matters, including the convention. Walter Guderian was awarded CECA’s highest accolade by being named an honorary member at the dinner dance. Founder of Delta Elevator Co. Ltd. in 1967 in Kitchener, Ontario, his company was one of the first members of CECA, joining it in 1975. He held several positions of leadership in the association, including president in 1999-2001, and has not ceased in his support or attendance. Guderian also helped develop the Elevating Devices Mechanic Apprenticeship program in Ontario. Now celebrating 50 years, Delta has a full manufacturing facility, three branch offices and 150 employees (p. ??). He commented, “I still think CECA is the best thing an industry can have� and said his first motion as a member was to move CECA to a place with better weather. Other honors included Marnet as departing director, The Peelle Co. members for their work in hosting and the following longtime membership awards:

♌♌ 30 years: Porta-Flex Manufacturing, Rigidized Metals Corp. and Trident Elevator Co. Ltd. ♌♌ 20 years: Virginia Controls Inc. and Westcoast Cos. Inc. ♌♌ 10 years: City Elevator Ltd., The Insurance Market, Venture Elevator Inc. and WECO Elevator Products The 2017-2018 CECA president was announced as Pedro Oughourlian of Ascenseur Adams Elevator Services Inc. The other board of directors for this term are: ♌♌ Vice-president/treasurer: Doug Guderian (Elevator One) ♌♌ Secretary/Western Region director: Busch (Eltec Elevator Ltd.) ♌♌ Central Region chair: Staite (Quality Allied Elevator) ♌♌ Eastern Region chair: Cane (Ascenseur RÊgional) ♌♌ Western Region chair: Paul Bentley (Venture Elevator Inc.) ♌♌ Membership chair/supplier secretary: Ryan (The Peelle Co.) ♌♌ Supplier chair: Hunter (Wurtec Inc.) ♌♌ Past president: Elliott (Delta Elevator Co. Ltd.)

Suppliers Breakfast The next day, June 9, began with the Suppliers Breakfast, which included a short meeting presided over by Ryan. He introduced new members and new Supplier Chair Hunter, who gave the suppliers report. Ryan noted the high booth count and good expo attendance.

Beach Party The week culminated at a party on a private beach on the Georgian Bay a few minutes from the resort. A large tent provided a place to get out of the wind and dine on delicious barbecued whole hog. Afterward, the sunset in full view provided ideal photo opportunities and another excellent chance to mingle and spend time with friends. Future conventions will be held in Calgary at the Hyatt Regency on May 29-June 1, 2018, and Halifax on June 4-7, 2019. Heather and Dave Davies of Canwest Elevator & Lifts are hosting next year’s event, welcoming attendees to what they called “a cow town that has grown into a đ&#x;Œ? modern, marvelous city.â€?   

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History

The Water-Balance Elevator, Part Two Intriguing hydraulic system makes its way west to Chicago and beyond.

by Dr. Lee Gray, EW Correspondent One of the most intriguing hydraulic elevator systems developed in the 19th century was the water-balance elevator. Part One of this article (ELEVATOR WORLD, August 2017) examined the origins of this system in Boston during the late 1860s and early 1870s. Part Two continues this story, tracing the gradual expansion of the water-balance elevator into Chicago and the western U.S. Over the course of three days in October 1871, the Great Chicago Fire destroyed thousands of buildings and killed hundreds of people. The rebuilding effort that followed attracted a host of architects and engineers to the city and provided an extraordinary laboratory for experiments in new building technologies and systems. Many of these new systems sought to ensure that a safer, more fire-resistant city rose from the ashes. One such effort was the proposed use of artesian wells to provide an ample water supply that would meet the needs of a given building and be readily available to fight fires. One of the earliest projects to pursue the use of an artesian well was a five-story building designed for Hale, Emerson & Co., which began construction in February 1872. The well was intended to provide water for the building’s occupants, fight fires and “run an elevator.”[1] A contemporary newspaper account on this topic reported that “the idea of running an elevator by water is not new, that method having been practiced in Boston with some success.”[1] The building’s owners, in a letter to the editor that outlined the rationale behind their decision to drill an artesian well, offered a description of the proposed elevator system:

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“We propose to use a water elevator, manufactured in Boston. It is so arranged that the water is used to overbalance and thus raise the load, so that, when the water is at the top of the building, the power is ready for raising any required weight, and if the water flows from the well to the upper stories (as we expect it will), the cost of running the elevator will be simply the wear and tear of the machinery.”[2] The primary client presenting Hale, Emerson & Co. was William E. Hale (1836-1898), who also lent his name to the project, which was known as the Hale Building. Hale was born in Bradford, Massachusetts, and attended high school in Hartford, Connecticut. He began his career as a clerk in Hartford, moved to Beloit, Wisconsin, in 1857, and arrived in Chicago in 1862. By the mid 1860s, he had established himself as a successful real-estate developer, a career he pursued for much of his life. His New England roots may have led to his awareness of the water-balance elevator. His desire to employ the latest in building technology led to its adoption. In February 1872, Cyrus W. Baldwin, the inventor of the water-balance elevator, appears to have been employed by Campbell, Whittier & Co. of Boston (soon to become Whittier Machine Co.), which most likely manufactured the Hale Building elevator. Hale’s fascination with this new technology was such that, within weeks of the publication of the letter to the editor — and prior to the building’s completion and the elevator’s construction and installation — he developed a plan to manufacture these elevators in Chicago. By late February, he established William E. Hale & Co., the sole product of which was water-balance elevators.


One of the company’s first advertisements appeared in the Chicago Tribune on March 7, 1872. The advertisement copy claimed that these elevators had “been in use in the East for several years” and noted that they were “becoming very popular on account of their safety, simplicity, speed and economy.”[3] The characterization of this system as an “Eastern” import served as a validation of the elevator and its technological refinement. The advertisement included a description of the company’s products and the elevator’s basic operation: “We make them for freight or passenger use, and guarantee perfect satisfaction in all cases. The difference between them and the ordinary steam elevator is the car or platform is attached, by means of wire ropes, to a counterbalancing bucket, instead of a steam engine. The bucket is filled with sufficient water to overbalance the load. The water is pumped from a tank in the basement to a tank in the upper story, and is used over and over again. When the load is up and the bucket down, the water is discharged into the lower tank. The expense of running these machines is not one-quarter that of running a steam elevator. They are unequalled in safety.”[3] The advertisement also stated that “a working model” of the elevator “may be seen” at William E. Hale & Co.’s office. This suggests that someone, perhaps Baldwin, had built a working scale model and shipped it to Chicago for Hale’s use. Two weeks after the publication of the first advertisement, a second one appeared. A key editorial change between the first and second advertisement was reflected in the reference to the company’s name: “Wm. E. Hale & Co.” was changed to “Wm. E. Hale & Co., Manufacturers.”[4] While this change speaks to the “local” production of these elevators, Hale did not, in fact, own a factory capable of building elevators. The negotiations with Chicago firms to build these machines, which apparently occurred very quickly, required access to manufacturing specifications that could have only been provided by Baldwin or Whittier. However, Hale does not appear to have been acting as an “agent” of the Whittier Machine Co. (having purchased a franchise to market and build water-balance elevators); instead, he appears to have obtained the full rights to independently manufacture these elevators. Evidence of the speed and success with which he operated is found in an April 1872 Chicago Tribune article, which reported that the Galleys & Hitchcock Building, which was under construction and due to be completed in October, would feature a water-balance elevator.[5] It is important to note that Baldwin’s third (and final) waterbalance patent, “Improvement in Elevators,” U.S. Patent No. 123,761, appeared in February 1872. The patent addressed four proposed refinements to his original design: shifting the hoisting cable connection from the top to the bottom of the car; a related safety device to stop the car if the cables broke; an improved brake and automatic stop; and a compensating chain attached to the bottom of the car. Of these suggested improvements, only the improved brake and automatic stop appear to have been used in production. The patent drawing shows the brake located below the car (Figure 1). To release the brake, the operator depressed the lever in the car; when pressure on the lever was relaxed, the brake automatically re-engaged. The presence of the automatic stop is Continued

September 2017 • ELEVATOR WORLD

175


found in the foot pedal seen to the left of the brake lever. If the operator attempted to exceed the car’s safe travel distance, the automatic stop would be activated. To release the stop, the operator pressed on the foot pedal, which, in turn, allowed him to release the main brake and move the car. It should be noted that none of the drawings associated with this patent depicted the water storage tanks or the means by which the operator controlled the flow of water into and out of the balancing bucket. In April 1872, a detailed drawing of a water-balance elevator installation was published in The Industrial Monthly, a new magazine that described itself as “a practical journal for manufacturers, mechanics, builders, inventors, engineers and architects.”[6] The drawing accompanied an article titled “The Hydro-atmospheric Elevator,” a term used in Baldwin’s second patent: “Hydro-atmospheric Elevator,” U.S. Patent No. 111,030 ( January 17, 1871). The drawing clearly depicted all of the components of this elevator system (Figures 2 and 3). The car and balancing bucket were connected via two hoisting cables that passed over a large sheave at the top of the shaft. Adjacent to the hoisting sheave were two smaller sheaves that directed the passage of the cable operating the bucket discharge valve, which was attached to a control lever in the car. A rocking lever, located above the hoisting sheave, was connected on one side, via a short cable, to the bucket supply valve in the upper water-storage tank; on the other side, it was attached to a shipper rope that passed through the car. The bucket also included an “air pipe” that was open to the

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Figure 1: Section drawing of water-balance elevator, Cyrus W. Baldwin, “Improvement in Elevators.”


Figure 2: Water-balance elevator, “The Hydro-atmospheric Elevator,” The Industrial Monthly (April, 1872)

air beneath and higher than the top of the bucket (to ensure it could not be submerged). According to the article, “The opening or closing of a valve in this pipe regulates the speed of the car.”[6] However, as had been the case with previous descriptions of this feature, the article made no reference as to how the operator would control the valve, and the drawing provided no clues to its operation. The car also contains a small foot pedal, visible immediately to the right of the shipper rope, which served as the automatic-stop release. The operation of the elevator was as follows: 1) To ascend, the operator pulled down on the shipper rope to add water to the bucket. 2) When he believed that the bucket overbalanced the car, he released the shipper rope, which returned the valve to its closed position. 3) The operator then pushed down on the brake lever, releasing the brakes. 4) The car began its ascent. 5) When he reached his destination, he released the brake lever, and the car stopped. The operator controlled the car’s speed by varying the pressure on the brake lever. The origins of the 1872 drawing are unknown, in part because the article failed to mention the name of the elevator’s inventor or the name of its manufacturer. These omissions are very unusual. The majority of 19th century articles on specific products included this information, particularly as many of them were sponsored by manufacturers or inventors seeking publicity. Thus far, only one additional publication of this drawing has been found. It appeared Continued

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Figure 3: Water-balance elevator: detail of car and counterbalancing bucket, “The Hydro-atmospheric Elevator”

in the April 12, 1873, issue of U.S. Railroad and Mining Register. Although the 1873 article did reference Baldwin and listed all four of his patents associated with this system, it omitted the manufacturer’s name. It is possible that the drawing sought to depict the elevator under construction in the Hale Building. In fact, two water-balance elevators were installed in this building. In October 1872, the Chicago Tribune reported that a “wonderful water elevator” was “running constantly for building purposes in the freight shaft” and that the “passenger elevator is being built, and will be shortly in readiness.”[7] The passenger elevator was completed in February 1873 and served to effectively launch William E. Hale & Co. as a regional manufacturer — with national ambitions. The conclusion of this three-part article traces the use of water-balance elevators in the 1870s and 1880s, and their place in elevator history.

References [1] “Buildings,” Chicago Tribune (February 11, 1872). [2] “Artesian Well,” Chicago Post (February 13, 1872) [3] Advertisement for “The Water Balance Elevator,” Chicago Tribune (March 7, 1872). [4] Advertisement for “The Water Balance Elevator,” Chicago Tribune (March 23, 1872). [5] “Another Fine Building,” Chicago Tribune (April 14, 1872). [6] “The Hydro-Atmospheric Elevator,” The Industrial Monthly (April, 1872). [7] “Building Notes,” Chicago Tribune (October 27, 1872).

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Industry Dialogue

Man of Action IUEC General President Frank Christensen shares his thoughts on compensation, training and transparency, as well as the current state of the union. by Kaija Wilkinson International Union of Elevator Constructors but also a large, extended family that includes (IUEC) General President Frank Christensen is Local 2 members. EW’s Ricia Sturgeonmany things: laborer, leader, athlete, teacher, Hendrick and your author met Christensen at student, family man and advocate for the the Elevator Industry Safety Summit in May. workforce, children and the less fortunate. Afterward, he took the time to chat with us about the state of the industry and his Christensen, a star wrestler during his early years convictions. in Chicago, has been in the industry for nearly 40 EW: Have you seen IUEC growing? If so, in years, joining IUEC Local 2 in Chicago shortly which geographical areas? after high school and winning elected office after FC: I am very happy to report that the IUEC 15 years in the workforce. is growing in all geographical areas. On the He served various positions with Local 2, whole, construction has picked up across the culminating in being elected business manager country, bringing a lot of attention to the trades. in a special election in November 2001. He was The IUEC has long been the most highly paid, reelected to the three-year post four times and most highly regarded trade in the construction remains the longest serving business manager in industry, so, with increased attention on the Local 2’s 100-year history. He served as a trustee construction boom taking place across the for the IUEC’s National Elevator Industry country, people have become more interested in Education Program (NEIEP) and helped create joining the elevator trade. Our local unions that the first QEI testing program, reflecting his have had recruitment drives have seen lines of strong commitment to education. He has would-be applicants wrapped around their continued his own education at Chicago-Kent buildings. College of Law and the George Meany National EW: Why do you think it’s important Labor College, as well as through the U.S. elevator union members be well paid? Department of Labor and NEIEP, for which he FC: I feel very strongly that compensation (in has served as a substitute teacher. wages and benefits) for our members should In Chicago, he was involved in state and local reflect the skills our members must have to elevator boards and perform their work. committees, It is not a fact that I winning several enjoy repeating, major National but our trade is one The fact we are well Labor Review of the most Board rulings that compensated and are afforded an dangerous trades in set powerful the construction amazing opportunity to ply an precedents for There is future labor honorable trade each day has never industry. absolutely no room negotiations. He been lost on me, and it is definitely for error and no and his wife of second chances in 30-plus years, Lynn, not lost on our members. our industry. Of have four children

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course, there is also the fact the riding public steps onto our elevators, escalators and walkways with the complete trust and confidence that these massive pieces of equipment have been expertly installed and will operate safely. It takes a certain type of person to choose a career in the elevator industry — someone who is focused on a lifetime of learning, someone who appreciates the importance of the job they are doing, and someone who understands the risks to themselves and to the riding public associated with the trade. NEIEP — our training program — is not for everyone. It is a rigorous program designed for those who not only appreciate the rewards of our industry, but the risks, as well. This is why the graduates of our training program, our members, deserve every dollar they receive in wages and benefits. EW: What are the most important issues facing the IUEC today, and are they being successfully addressed? If so, how? FC: As I mentioned earlier, the IUEC is greatly concerned about safety. I would say that it is our number-one priority. As general president, my focus is on preserving the health and safety of our members so they may return home to their families at the end of every day and ensuring the safety of the riding public by providing the most highly skilled elevator constructors to install equipment relied upon millions of times each day. The IUEC created a Safety Committee four years ago to serve as a liaison between the union and our signatory companies in regards to safety and serve as safety advocates on behalf of our members. It is important to point out the safety of our members and the safety of the riding public go hand-in-hand. If our members are provided with the training they need to be safe on the job, the quality of their work will be second to none. That level of training is being provided by our IUEC training program and is ever evolving as the industry and equipment change. By the same token, our members must be given the assurance safety will always trump all, including even an expedited schedule, so they will be able to remain focused on the task at hand, and not on a clock or calendar breathing down their neck. To that end, we have been working in close partnership with our employers to establish a unified front, union and company together, when it comes to our shared belief that the only good job is a job done safely. I, along with the general and local IUEC officers, was recently honored to spend a day with our counterparts from Otis touring three jobsites in Atlanta to spread our shared message about safety. I believe this sent a powerful message to our rank-and-file members. EW: You are the longest-serving business manager in Local 2 history and have been general president since 2012. Of what accomplishments are you most proud? FC: There are really so many things I am proud of. First and foremost, I am proud that our members and officers have fully

“

embraced our tireless focus on safety. As a result, we have seen our fatality rate drop each year since I have been general president. Although I will not be truly satisfied until our fatality rate is zero, our members are the reason we are working smarter and safer than ever. Of course, I am also proud of the momentum the general officers have created, which the membership has carried forward, to get even more involved in charitable efforts. The fact we are well compensated and are afforded an amazing opportunity to ply an honorable trade each day has never been lost on me, and it is definitely not lost on our members. They are constantly seeking ways to pay it forward to their communities. Our general officers and myself will take credit for bringing charity to the forefront of our IUEC agenda, but the rest of the credit most certainly goes to our members, who have embraced it fully and run with it. And, I would be remiss if I didn’t point out my pride in making the IUEC a global name, as we have expanded our reach beyond our borders here in the U.S. and Canada, joining a collaboration of unions from around the world to address the issues we share, regardless of the country in which we work. EW: You have been described as a “tireless crusader in protecting the work jurisdictions of your members.â€? Why do you feel this is important? FC: I believe my members elected me to be a tireless advocate, so it’s important I do the job they elected me to do. It’s that simple. Serving as general president has been the greatest honor of my life but also my greatest calling. Of course, what I do is a job, but working in a union is a completely different culture from any corporate environment. We see each other as family, to which we have a responsibility. I know that every decision I make has a profound effect on not just our individual members, but on their families and the generations of IUEC members and families to come. EW: How are you providing greater transparency and curbing unnecessary spending at IUEC? FC: I have always believed that unions should be completely transparent and advocated for fiscal responsibility, as a leader on the local union level and certainly as general president. After all, our local unions and our international union are built on the backs of our members. We are a nonprofit organization, and everything we have in place has been voted on and paid for by our members. This union belongs to the membership. As such, they have a right to know about every penny that comes and goes through our union. We have three highly respected and experienced trustees, hailing from local unions large and small across the U.S. and Canada, charged with reviewing all of the expenses of the international entity. We also have created a culture in which any member, officer or rank-and-file member, feels comfortable asking questions about our expenses. Those questions will always be respected and answered completely. We have worked hard to change the culture of our union to one that is accessible to all.   đ&#x;Œ?

Our local unions that have had recruitment drives have seen lines of would-be applicants wrapped around their buildings.

�

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Company Spotlight

A Thriving Star Shanghai BST joint venture with Fermator sees success by putting customers first.

by Peng Jie, EW Correspondent Your author was at Hangtou Town in Shanghai in March 2003 to witness the opening ceremony of a joint-venture company ( JVC) between Shanghai BST and Fermator Door Systems (ELEVATOR WORLD, August 2003). Now, 14 years later, what does Shanghai BST look like? The JVC was seen as one step in a remarkable series of changes that had taken place in the development of Shanghai BST, notably in its manufacture of elevator doors. I spent about an hour one afternoon in May talking to company officials and finding out what has changed since that day in 2003. Zhu Xiaodi, now chairman of the board, and Shelley Zhou spared time to meet with their old EW friend. After my arrival, a Shanghai BST employee named Connie showed me around the company premises, which have taken on an appealing look. It was toward the end of the working day, but some young employees were coming into the office building. Connie said: “This is due to the increasing orders from customers. When it is necessary, people in the workshop work on an evening shift, and office staff will do the same to back them up, or to help the workers, especially when they need technical support.� Shanghai BST Door System Co., a unit of Shanghai BST, was founded in 2007. In 2009, it began independent R&D of drives and controls; in 2014, it was certified with ISO 14001 and ISO 18000 Quality Systems, and, in 2015, with UTC Q+3 Quality Systems. It then started providing the market with five series of mass-manufactured elevator door systems. Everything is done here based on customer needs. Shanghai BST is at its best when it is

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tailoring elevator components to individual customers, fitting in every detail of a customer’s expectation for any size, shape and color, as well as adding logos on products and packing crates. What impresses me in the showhall is the varied series of car panels with different push buttons. As you press each button, its corresponding technical specification appears on the screen in front of you. This display offers great convenience and time savings for the customer. Seeing is believing. Shanghai BST seems to have followed a very simple business philosophy — to make customers more satisfied, elevators safer, work easier and employees happier. It’s simple enough to turn a Chinese component đ&#x;Œ? business into a global thriving star.   

Shanghai BST is housed in a modern facility surrounded by lovely landscaping.


Elevator exemplifies the work Lift Shop/Elevator Boutique does for high-end homes in L.A. and beyond. by Kaija Wilkinson

The lift adds a new dimension to the upscale home.

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The home elevator in the Hollywood Hills brings passengers up to an outdoor entertainment area.

ince opening its Los Angeles branch, Elevator Boutique, in 2012 in the West Hollywood Design District, Australia’s Lift Shop (liftshop.com.au) has grown into a go-to provider of high-end, custom lifts for celebrity and other upscale homes. Working with an Italian supplier, builders and an array of others for design elements such as custom glass and stone, Lift Shop has delivered scores of one-of-a-kind systems for homes not only in L.A., but throughout California and all along the Pacific coast, in places like Laguna Beach, Malibu and Santa Monica. One recent job, at a home on one of the many canyon roads snaking through the Hollywood Hills, is a good example of Elevator Boutique’s work. The representative of the owner of the new multilevel home contacted Elevator Boutique in 2013. The home has extensive outdoor terraces, and the homeowner envisioned an elevator that would fit into yet highlight that, Lift Shop Group Sales and Marketing Manager Bernard Edwards says. “They were very interested in a glass elevator that would be available from the front door entry/garage area to the main rooftop terrace, which is near the main living areas and kitchen,” Edwards states. He elaborates: “Once the design specifications — a two-level glass elevator with sliding doors and a glass shaft — were confirmed and accepted, drawings were provided by the Italian manufacturer Elevatori Premontati listing all necessary dimensions for the builder to Continued

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At the upper level, the lift is near the living room and kitchen.

Passengers are able to see their posh, lush surroundings from the panoramic cab.

construct to. This involved providing the required cutout in the ceiling/floor, providing a pit at the base of the shaft and locating a suitable power supply.� Through Lift Shop, Elevator Boutique offers four different cab models, Supermec, E2, E1 and FreedomLift, each providing its own set of attributes. For this project, the homeowner opted for the indoor/outdoor E2, which can be sized to suit any new or existing home. Additionally, the system boasts an in-cabin selfrescue system and comes flat packed, and it can fit through any doorway. Features include: ♌♌ 1,250-X-1,040-mm cabin ♌♌ 1,550-X-1,630-mm shaft ♌♌ 0.3-mps speed (max) ♌♌ 5-m travel ♌♌ 150-mm pit Each system takes approximately six to eight weeks to manufacture in Italy, and this one was no exception. It then took about six weeks to ship. Installation of the elevator and shaft took approximately one month. The builder then handled details such as installation of the porcelain tile on the cab floor and flashing — thin

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Transparent glass and stainless steel impart a stylish vibe.

sheets or strips of water-resistant material installed around the lift shaft on the top level to direct water away from the E2. Edwards explains why this is important: “As the elevator and shaft are both inside and outside the home, the most important thing was to provide adequate weather protection and flashing to make sure no water could enter the home on the sides of the shaft. Even though it rarely rains in L.A., it still needed to be prepared for the possibility. The builder did a great job looking after this very important detail.â€? Minimal sight-line impact was important to the design, and this was achieved by having all four sides of the shaft clad in transparent glass and the elevator automatically returning to the bottom level each time it is used. Lift Shop states the lift is “perfectly placed for maximum appeal and usability.â€? Edwards states: “We were delighted to work with a client with a clear vision of what he wanted to achieve, and it was very satisfying to deliver this elevator. The owner was similarly impressed with the finished result, and loved the extra appeal the glass elevator and shaft added to the property.â€?   đ&#x;Œ?


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ELEVATOR WORLD Continuing Education Assessment Examination Questions Read the article “Traction for Field Personnel, Part Two” (p. 63) and study the learning-reinforcement questions at the end of the article. To receive one hour (0.1 CEU) of continuing-education credit, answer the ­assessment examination questions found below online at www.elevatorbooks. com or fill out the ELEVATOR WORLD Continuing Education Reporting Form found overleaf and submit by mail with payment. Approved for Continuing Education by NAEC for CET® and CAT®.

1. The suspension means includes the suspension _________ and the _________. a. Members, seizing b. Members, fastening c. Rope, hitch plate d. Rope, seizing 2. With all maintenance perfectly performed, SWR life is always reduced by: a. Temperature. b. Humidity. c. Speed. d. Bending. 3. Where there are two numbers given when looking at an SWR data tag, the rope is a/an _________ type rope. a. Seale b. Warrington c. IWRC d. Sisal

5.

6. The sheave in a double-wrap driving- machine system is called a _________ sheave. a. Deflector b. Secondary c. Traction d. Pulley 7. Extremely dirty environments will cause the _________ to fill up and cause loss of traction. a. Amontons b. Aspirins c. Asperities d. Ampacities 8.

4. A17.1/B44 requirement _________ directs maintenance personnel to keep suspension and compensation means clean. a. 8.6.4.2.2 b. 8.6.4.1.3 c. 8.6.4.1.1 d. 8.6.4.4.1

Secondary and deflector sheaves are always a _________ groove type. a. Ub. Vc. Undercut Ud. Undercut V-

9.

Suspension members must be within __% of each other’s tension. a. 1 b. 3 c. 7 d. 10

10. A17.1/B44 requirement _________ directs maintenance personnel to test traction suspension and compensation means. a. 8.6.4.10.1 b. 8.6.4.10.2 c. 8.6.4.20.1 d. 8.6.4.20.10 11. Traction requires the sheave grooves to be _________ to ensure correct traction. a. accessible b. undamaged c. U-groove d. available

A17.1/B44 requirement _________ directs maintenance personnel to maintain suspension and compensation means. a. 8.6.4.1 b. 8.6.4.2 c. 8.6.4.3 d. 8.6.4.4

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ELEVATOR WORLD Continuing Education Reporting Form

Circle correct answer.

Article title: “Traction for Field Personnel, Part Two� (EW, September 2017, p. 63). Continuing-education credit: This article will earn you one contact hour (0.1 CEU) of elevator-industry continuing-education credit. Directions: Select one answer for each question in the exam. Completely circle the appropriate letter. A minimum score of 80% is required to earn credit. You can also take this test online at www.elevatorbooks.com.

Last name: ______________________________________________ First name: _________________________ Middle initial:________ CETÂŽ, CATÂŽ or QEI number:_____________________________ State License number: ___________________________________ Company name: ______________________________________ Address:________________________ City:_________________ State: __________________________ZIP code: _______________ Telephone:______________________ Fax: __________________ E-mail: ________________________________________________ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

1. a b c d 7. a b c d 2. a b c d 8. a b c d 3. a b c d 9. a b c d 4. a b c d 10. a b c d 5. a b c d 11. a b c d 6. a b c d Signature: ___________________________________________ Payment options: Check one: � $35.00 – Non-subscriber course fee � $29.75 – ELEVATOR WORLD subscriber course fee Subscriber #: ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ (Six-digit number on your print label or in your digital confirmation) � Payment enclosed (check payable to Elevator World, Inc.) Charge to my: � VISA � MasterCard � American Express Card number: __________________________________________ Expiration date: _________________

This article is rated for one contact hour of continuing-education credit. Certification regulations require that we verify a­ ctual study time with all program participants. Please answer the below question. How many hours did you spend reading the article and studying the learning-reinforcement questions? hours ________________ minutes _______________

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You now have the opportunity to earn Continuing Education contact hours in ELEVATOR WORLD magazine. Articles pertain to various industry topics that appear in the magazine bi-monthly, and for every exam you successfully complete, you’ll earn 1–3 contact hours. As a subscriber, you not only have full access to these Continuing Education articles, but you also receive 15% off of the retail price.

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Product Spotlight

Modern, Flexible Options Position switches, gearbox provide greater efficiency, and an app aids workforce.

New Generation of Position Switches

Schmersal Group has launched its PS product range, a new generation of position switches that offers varied applications thanks to modular design. All the switches can be used both as complete devices, and as modular units. Their modular design with consistent components across all models reduces the number of variants, reduces storage costs and increases availability, said the company. All the position switches in the PS116, PS2xx and PS3xx ranges can be chosen both as complete switches with actuating elements, or as basic switches. Depending on the application, the basic switches can be combined with the necessary actuating element, which can be selected from a range of possible versions. All actuating elements can be rotated in 45° increments, allowing adjustment to the defined direction of motion at any time. The connection terminals are also rotated 45°, which can make connection and installation easier. Switching elements with up to three contacts guarantee a redundant shutdown with an additional signal contact. www.schmersal.com

New High-Range Gearbox

Protection types IP66 or IP67 create the prerequisites for using the PS position-switch range in unfavorable environmental conditions.

Alberto Sassi Spain has introduced its S48, its most modern gearbox and the evolution of the MF48. This upper-range gearbox meets the annex to EN81-1/2 Amendment 3 and offers more than 90% efficiency. With up to a 3400-kg static load, the product is equipped with a constant-heat-dissipation electrical motor, advanced materials and the last-generation brake disposal on the main shaft. www.sassi-spain.com/en/Pages/default.aspx Continued

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Product Spotlight

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Fixsys is an app for field agents to accept jobs, execute them and report their results. The app intends to aid those in the field with all required information about a job, including past records/ log history. It also helps them to choose best routes and make well-informed decisions. Its Global Positioning System also enables tracking, and an attendance module can record punch-in and punch-out times. In the elevator industry, it is specifically intended for new installation, site inspection and reports, emergency repair, jobs allocation (daily and weekly), maintenance, and contracts. đ&#x;Œ? www.fixsys.co   

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Advertisers Index Access Elevator Supply Company.......................................52 Adams Elevator Equipment Company.............................21 AFAG Messen und Ausstellungen...............................78, 79 AFD Industries, Inc.....................................................................149 Aksรถz Makina San. Tic. Ltd. Sti................................................33 Alimak Hek AB..............................................................................155 Alliance Elevator Solutions......................................................59 Aspar Asansรถr Aksamlari San.Tic. A.S..............................105 AVT Beckett Elevators Ltd.........................................................19 Blain Hydraulics Gmbh............................................................128 Brugg Wire Rope, LLC...............................................................153 Bucher Hydraulics AG.................................................................96 C.E. Electronics, Inc....................................................................147 Canton Elevator, Inc.....................................................................29 China Elevator Magazine.......................................................179 Columbia Elevator Products Co., Inc..................................23 Control Techniques......................................................................39 Courion.............................................................................................131 Delaware Elevator.........................................................................44 Draka Elevator Products................................................ Cover 4 ECS Corporation.............................................................................30 EDI/ECI..................................................................................................56 Electric Elevator Pads...............................................................106 Electrodyn Systems, Ltd.........................................................117 Elevator Controls Corporation..................................................9 Elevator Escalator Safety Foundation.............................161 Elevator Motors/Materials Corp...............15, 57, 108, 109 Elevator Safety Company.........................................................51 Elevators EV International.........................................................53 Elgo Electronic GmbH & Co. KG............................................34 G.A.L. Manufacturing Corporation.........................................5 GAL Canada......................................................................................69 Gustav Wolf GmbH........................................................... Cover 3 Hidral USA, Inc.................................................................................67 Hollister-Whitney Elevator Corp..............................................1 Huskie Tools, LLC.........................................................................178 Imperial Electric, A Nidec Company..................................37 Innovation Industries, Inc.........................................................71 Integrated Display Systems, Inc............................................26 JM Associates/Burnham + Company................................73 KEB America, Inc.............................................................................75 Kings III Emergency Communications................................3 Kleemann Hellas S.A....................................................................77 KONE Spares.....................................................................................91 Magnetek-Elevator Products Division...............................89 Marazzi (Jiangsu) Elevator Guide Rails Co., Ltd...........93 Maven Group, LLC.........................................................................48 Maxton Manufacturing Company...................................175 Merih Asansor San. Tic. A.S.......................................................11 Mongrain Vertical Transport Inc........................................163 NAEC......................................................................................................95 National Fixtures America LLC...............................................97 Ningbo Xinda Group Co., Ltd.................................................31 Otis Elevator......................................................................................43 Pflow Industries, Inc..................................................................177 Physical Measurement Technologies................................41 Plymouth Engineered Shapes............................................176 Precision Escalator Products, Inc.......................................107 PTL Equipment Manufacturing Corp................................27 QMI Manufacturing Inc..............................................................45

Quality Elevator Products.........................................................35 Quick Cab by Vertical Dimensions...................................133 Reuland Electric Co......................................................................40 Reynolds & Reynolds Electronics.........................................17 Ring Communications, Inc......................................................90 Rocky Mountain Elevator Products.................................145 Schumacher Elevator Company.......................................154 SCS Elevator Products Inc.........................................................65 SEES Inc./Southern Elevator & Electric.............................13 Shanghai BST Electric Co., Ltd................................................49 Shanghai Edunburgh Elevator Group Co., Ltd...................................................................................................103 SJEC Corporation...........................................................................47 Smart Elevator Tech LLC............................................................54 Smartrise Engineering, Inc.......................................................25 SnapCab...........................................................................................115 Spider.................................................................................................160 SUBIR & BAJAR..............................................................................187 Suzhou Torin Drive Equipment Co., Ltd........................127 The Texacone Company............................................................38 Tri-Lok Mfg. & Maint. Corp........................................................92 Tri-Tronics Company, Inc...........................................................22 Truxes Company............................................................................58 Unitec Parts Co.............................................................................129 Viking Electronics, Inc.................................................................61 Wildeck Inc........................................................................................55 Wire Rope Works Messilot Ltd............................................143 Wittur Italia Holding SRL............................................... Cover 2 Woodfold Mfg Inc.........................................................................76 Wurtec, Inc......................................................................................151 Zhejiang Xizi Forward Electrical Machinery, Ltd...........7 Elevator World Products OPPORTUNITY! The Interlift 2017 Issue............................62 Lift Modernisation, Second Edition.................................110 Upcoming Special Sections in EW...................................125 Testing Manual.............................................................................148 Maintenance on New Equipment Designs................152 New Books available at ElevatorBooks.com...............183 Electronic Maintenance Control Program (eMCP).....................................................................188 EW Newsletters............................................................................195 Classified Advertising ATEL Corporation C.J. Anderson & Company CBC Specialty Metals Code Data Plate Electronic Controls, Inc. Elevator Equipment Corporation (EECO) I.T.I. Hydraulik Lift Business Advisors, Inc. Maxton Manufacturing Company McGill Waters, P.A. Parts Specialists, Inc Precision Escalator Products, Inc. Renown Electric Motors and Repair Inc. Silver State Elevator Company Vator Accessories Zorlu Asansรถr San. ve Tic. Ltd.Sti. September 2017 โ€ข ELEVATOR WORLD

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Last Glance

Cool Ambiguity

104 East 25th street is a 16-unit, 12-story commercial building located in New York City’s Flatiron District. Housing tenants such as NeueHouse and Swann Galleries, it now has an elevator with a unique interior, thanks to United Cabs, Inc. Featuring Alphenberg leather wall panels (which, from a distance, resemble stone or hardwood slats) and complemented by stainless-steel fronts, reveals, base, ceiling and handrail, this elevator exudes a cool ambiance. Lighting is from six Man-D-Tec đ&#x;Œ? SOLOBEAMÂŽ LED fixtures.   

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www.elevatorworld.com • September 2017


ELEVATOR WORLD September 2017  

thyssenkrupp Unveils MULTI | CECA 2017 | NAEC Special Section

ELEVATOR WORLD September 2017  

thyssenkrupp Unveils MULTI | CECA 2017 | NAEC Special Section