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Contents 100



ON THE COVER Sepp Zurfluh’s photo of a panoramic elevator in Lucerne, Switzerland, submitted to EW Photo Contest 2016


A Maritime Milestone by Kaija Wilkinson thyssenkrupp plays vital role in global economic game changer, the first-ever expansion of the Panama Canal.


A Matter of Taste by Carlo Ferrari How can the elevator be crafted as a stylish addition to the building?


ExpoElevador Brasil 2016 by Carmen Maldacena, EW Correspondent Latin America’s only elevator expo draws a record 5,000.


Formula for Success by Craig Zomchek


New Safety Enhancement System


Remote Monitoring for All by Luc Rivet, EW Correspondent


Modernize DC Gearless Motors: Do It Right and Reap the Rewards by Jeff Collins and Donald Vollrath


Results of a Field Trial Aiming at Demonstrating the Permanent Detection of Elevator Wear Using Intelligent Sensors by Tim Ebeling and Martin Hauk

Vol. LXIV No. 10


The right elevator for your residential project.



32 32




8 10 16 20 32 42 126 131 135 136

Increase Your Elevator’s Lifespan with Preventative Maintenance by TinaMarie Shea


Top Tips for Lift Maintenance by John Roberts


The American Safety Code for Elevators and Escalators, Part 3 by Dr. Lee Gray, EW Correspondent


Reviews: Rigol DS2102 Oscilloscope by David Herres


Industry Profile: Patrick Bass by Kaija Wilkinson


Company Spotlight: EHC Global by EHC Global Staff


Event: ITALIAELEVA by Federica Villa


Industry Dialogue: Mark Mullins by Hanno van der Bijl


Power from On High by Hanno van der Bijl

ONLINE EXTRAS In addition to selected U.S. patents, we offer:

· · · ·

Stunning aerial shots and more from the Panama Canal expansion The late Robert S. Caporale’s articles on the important topic of maintenance More photos from ITALIAELEVA OCTOBER WEB EXCLUSIVE: “A Medical Modernization” (pictured)

Editor’s Overview Calendar Comments U.S. News International News In Memoriam Product Spotlight Classified Advertisers Index Last Glance


Mission Statement The mission of ELEVATOR WORLD is the intelligent collection, management and distribution of information for the benefit of the industry, while providing a global marketing platform that expands the reach of the industry to all corners of the world. How to Contact ELEVATOR WORLD • Mail: P.O. Box 6507; Mobile, Alabama 36660 • Shipping: 354 Morgan Avenue; Mobile, Alabama 36606 • Phone: (251) 479-4514 or toll-free: 1-800-730-5093 • Fax: (251) 479-7043 • Email: or • Website: Subscriber Services & Back Issues • ELEVATOR WORLD is available in both print and digital versions. Questions regarding new print or digital subscriptions, renewals, bulk subscriptions, subscription payments, change of address, back issues or billing may call (251) 479-4514 or 1-800-730-5093, ext. 23, 12 or 19. News, Press Releases and Article Submissions • Submissions to be considered for publication should be sent to Editorial space is non-paid; material is accepted based on newsworthiness or educational value and may be edited. Contact Managing Editor Angela C. Baldwin, ext. 30. Reprints/Permission • To order editorial or advertising reprints, call Patricia Cartee, ext. 23. • To obtain permission to use any part of ELEVATOR WORLD, call Ricia Hendrick, ext. 25. Advertising • For display, classified or online advertising information, contact Advertising Manager Lesley K. Hicks, ext. 29. The Bookstore • For educational books, posters, CDs, DVDs and videos, contact Susan Crigler at ext. 19; online at www.; or see our supplemental booklet in this issue. Online • News, links, calendar, classifieds, bookstore, feature articles, people and products of the industry. Site updated daily. • Take a tour of the history of the elevator industry. • Complete Safety Handbook PDF, plus current revisions, quizzes, safety products, toolbox meetings and links. • www.elevatordirectory: A powerful online business directory, events calendar, classifieds section and more. • Covers information about the free quarterly magazine ELEVATOR WORLD India, including a complete archive section. • Contains details regarding the yearly EURO SOURCE directory, including the most recent directory in digital format.

Mailing Lists • •

ELEVATOR WORLD does not release its subscriber list. The Elevator World SOURCE© published yearly in January provides a comprehensive list of elevator industry suppliers, contractors, consultants and associations. Call Lesley Hicks, ext. 29, for more information.

Printed on recycled paper





Editor and Publisher Ricia Sturgeon-Hendrick, ext. 25 Executive Vice President T. Bruce MacKinnon, ext. 20 Managing Editor Angela C. Baldwin, ext. 30 Senior Associate Editor Lee Freeland, ext. 41 Associate Editor Kaija Wilkinson, ext. 13 Assistant Editor Hanno van der Bijl, ext. 40 Vice President of Production Lillie K. McWilliams, ext. 15 Graphic Design Associates Ashley Pierce, ext. 16 Christen Robinson, ext. 24 Web/Graphic Designer Matt Overstreet, ext. 28 Director of Commercial Operations Patricia B. Cartee, ext. 23 Vice President of Sales/Marketing Brad O’Guynn, ext. 38 Sales/Marketing Assistant Caleb Givens, ext. 17 Advertising Manager Lesley K. Hicks, ext. 29 Advertising Account Executive Scott Brown, ext. 31 Commercial Assistant Cleo Brazile, ext. 42 Educational Sales Service Associate Susan Crigler, ext. 19 Financial Associate Emma Darby, ext. 33

William C. Sturgeon

ELEVATOR WORLD, INC. BOARD OF DIRECTORS AND OFFICERS Angela Baldwin (V.P. Editorial), Massimo Bezzi, Tricia Cartee (V.P. Commercial Operations), Jonathan Charest, Jo Chateau (Acting Treasurer), James Green, Ricia Hendrick (President, Chairman), Martha Hulgan, Achim Hütter, John Koshak, T. Bruce MacKinnon (Executive V.P./Secretary), TAK Mathews, Lillie McWilliams (V.P. Production), Brad O’Guynn (V.P. Sales/ Marketing) and Robert Schaeffer


John Antona, Richard E. Baxter, Louis Bialy, James W. Coaker, Ferhat Çelik, Walter Glaser, M.J. Mohamed Iqbal, John Koshak, Ami Lustig, TAK Mathews, Zack R. McCain, Parag Mehta, Richard Peters, Jay A. Popp and Albert So


Africa: Shem Oirere; Australia: John Inglis, Dean Morgan, Ritchie Lobert; Canada: John Murphy; China: Peng Jie, Zhang Lexiang, Dr. Albert So, Yihui Ruan; Europe: Luc Rivet; Germany: Andreas Wirths; Hungary: Marius Makovsky; India: TAK Mathews; Iran: Amir Reza Hashemi; Israel: Ami Lustig; Italy: Massimo Bezzi; Japan: Masaru Matsumoto, Yutaka Otagiri, Youichi Saji, Shigeharu Kitamura; Mexico: Raul Gonzales Mora; New Zealand: Bob Johnston; Russia: Viktor Khristich, Yury Kireev; South America: Carmen Maldacena; Taiwan: Spenser Cheng; Turkey: Bülent Yilmaz, Ersan Barlas; United Arab Emirates: M.J. Mohamed Iqbal; United Kingdom: David Cooper, John Gale; United States: John Koshak, Jim Coaker, Galen Dutch, Lawrence Fabian, Richard Gregory, David Herres, Dr. Lee Gray, George Gibson

EDITOR EMERITUS Robert S. Caporale


Argentina: Revista del Ascensor, Subir y Bajar; Brazil: Revista Elevador Brasil; China: China Elevator; Germany: Lift Report, Lift Journal; Greece: Anelkistiras – Greek Elevation Magazine; Iran: Donya-ye Asansor; Italy: Elevatori; Korea: Elestor, Elevator & Parking Systems; The Netherlands: Liftinstituut Mededeling, Liftbouw; Poland: Dzwig Magazyn; Russia: Lift Russia; Spain: Ascensores y Montacargas; South Africa: Lift Africa Magazine; Ukraine: Lift Expert; United Kingdom: Elevation ELEVATOR WORLD India is a quarterly magazine published by Elevator World, Inc. (Mobile, Alabama) and Virgo Publications (Bangalore, India). Advertising and subscription information can be found at website: ELEVATOR WORLD Turkey is a bimonthly magazine owned and published by Elevator World, Inc. Advertising and subscription information can be found at website: www. or by calling (251) 479-4514. ELEVATOR WORLD Middle East is a biannual magazine owned and published by Elevator World, Inc. Advertising and subscription information can be found at website: www.

ELEVATOR WORLD is a registered trademark and all rights reserved. Copyright © 2016. For permission to reprint any portion of this magazine, please write ELEVATOR WORLD at P.O. Box 6507; Mobile, AL 36660. ELEVATOR WORLD is published in the interest of the members of the elevator industry, to improve communication within the industry and to further the continuing education of members of the industry. ELEVATOR WORLD publishes articles by contributing authors as a stimulation to thinking and not as directives. ELEVATOR WORLD publishes this material without accepting responsibility for its absolute accuracy, but with hopes that the vast majority of it will have validity for the field. The ideas expressed therein should be tempered by recognized elevator engineering practices, guidelines, codes and standards. Publication of any article or advertisement should not be deemed as an endorsement by ELEVATOR WORLD. Printed by Interstate Printing & Graphics, Inc., 1135 Corporate Drive North, Mobile, AL 36607. Periodicals postage paid at Mobile, Alabama, and at additional mailing office. Post Office Publication Number 172-680 (ISSN 0013-6158), under the act of March 3rd. U.S. Pat. Office. POSTMASTER: address all correspondence to Elevator World, Inc., P.O. Box 6507, Mobile, AL 36660; fax: (251) 479-7043. Published monthly. Subscription rates (print): U.S. and possessions: $75/one year, $125/two years, $175/three years. International, including Canada: $125/one year, $225/two years, $325/three years; Digital format: $25; Single copies (print or digital): $15; THE ELEVATOR WORLD SOURCE© (print or digital): $46. (All subscribers receive THE ELEVATOR WORLD SOURCE© free.)

The official magazine for NAEC, Elevator U and CECA.

6 • October 2016


Editor’s Overview

Saying Goodbye by Ricia Sturgeon-Hendrick It is with great sadness that the Elevator World, Inc. staff and the international industry mourn the unexpected loss of Robert S. “Bob� Caporale, who was our editor for more than 20 years. He died of cancer on September 5. Bob was not just a writer of elevator lore – he was a husband, a father, a grandfather, a New Yorker (even after he moved to Alabama), a draftsman, an engineer, a third-generation Italian, a jazz musician and much more. He chose to keep his illness private from all but family and a few friends and to not accept treatment. Bob was a very passionate person, and those who worked with him often got caught up in the moment. When that happened, you could count on a lot of arm waving on the Caporale side of it. Twenty-four years ago, when it came time to hire someone to work with my father as associate editor, he sent me to New York City to interview Bob. We met for breakfast, and he told me he had always wanted to work for Elevator World. It was clear he cared deeply about the industry and wanted to be a part of the perpetuity of the magazine. There were many ups and downs in those years of working together, when the Hungarian in me and the Italian in him disagreed, but I always knew he was proud of the magazine and the direction we were going — and we always ended up friends. His “In Memoriam� is on page 42, and next month, we will share many of the letters and emails that have poured in. In the 20-some-odd years Bob was editor, he wrote many times about the subject of maintenance. It was a pet peeve and a subject of great importance to the industry. So, it is appropriate that Maintenance is our focus this month. In Formula for Success, Craig Zomchek proposes that it is the contractors’ job to educate building owners, then give mechanics the time to do the job and a good maintenance control plan. In Top Tips for Lift Maintenance, John Roberts encourages the same thing, including “planned regular servicing� and using new online tools. Luc Rivet discusses one of those tools in Remote Monitoring for All. Usable on any system, it has already turned up some remarkable elevator facts, like “25% break down 10-30 times annually.� Tim Ebeling and

8 • October 2016

Martin Hauk discuss another such tool in a paper presented at this year’s Elevcon, Results of a Field Trial Aiming at Demonstrating the Permanent Detection of Elevator Wear Using Intelligent Sensors. They propose that only a few sensors are needed for predictivemaintenance monitoring. To promote safety while doing maintenance, Otis has developed AccessAlert, a nonproprietary alarm system that sounds when the hoistway is entered and must be physically turned off by the technician. This safety enhancement is designed to alert the technician to be conscious of danger when accessing the hoistway. TinaMarie Shea’s article Increase Your Elevator’s Lifespan with Preventative Maintenance equates the human condition during aging with that of elevators, highlighting the steps to proper maintenance. Finally, we have an article that seems to be more about modernization than maintenance, Modernize DC Gearless Motors: Do It Right and Reap the Rewards by Jeff Collins and Donald Vollrath, but actually highlights the value of DC motors for their longevity and ease of maintenance. I heard one thing I already knew from a recent National Association of Elevator Contractors seminar — “90% of your customers leave without telling you why.â€? However, I also learned something new — 86% of customers will pay more for a better customer experience. It seems most of us just don’t believe this, or we would not be in a price war over maintenance in our industry. We need to be selling good service as the competitive edge and giving our employees the power to make a decision to give good service, even if it takes longer. Also, we must accept responsibility for the elevators under our care — they may be “ownedâ€? by the building owner, but each one is a reflection of our industry. In closing, I would refer the reader to our Online Extras, which has a number of articles by Bob on maintenance. In my personal favorite, he draws from a book he loved, Zen and the Art of Motorcycle Maintenance, because it visits the idea of the craftsman becoming one with the equipment and performing the job intuitively, rather than by rote. As Bob put it, “Performing maintenance should be an art, not a task.â€? đ&#x;Œ?đ&#x;Œ?





Calendar of Events Industry leaders will be gathering in Poland, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh and South Korea for large expos.

2016 October NAESA Western Region Workshop Allen, TX October 7-8 Hosted and approved by NAESA International for 1.0 Continuing Education Units; includes a tour of a KONE manufacturing facility. For more information or to register, contact NAESA at European Lift Congress Heilbronn Technical Academy of Heilbronn e.V. Heilbronn, Germany October 11 For more information, contact the academy at phone: (49) 7131568063, fax: (49) 7131568065 or email: Wisconsin Elevator Symposium Grand Geneva Resort Lake Geneva, WI October 13-14 For more information or to register, contact NAESA International at www. Euro-Lift 2016 Kielce, Poland October 18-20 For more information, contact Targi Kielce S.A. at email:

10 • October 2016

Colombo, Sri Lanka, will host LiftExpo on October 21-22; image by bestbauch via Pixabay.

LiftExpo Colombo, Sri Lanka October 21-22 For more information, contact Nexgen Exhibitions Pvt. Ltd. at

November National Elevator Escalator Safety Awareness Week Worldwide November 13-20 National Elevator Escalator Safety Awareness Week is coordinated by the Elevator Escalator Safety Foundation. For more information or to participate, visit website: Global Lift & Escalator Expo Dhaka International Convention City Dhaka, Bangladesh November 16-18 For more information or to register, contact or, or visit website: International Lift Expo Korea 2016 COEX Samsung-dong Seoul, South Korea November 16-19 For more information, contact COEX at phone: (82) 2-6000-1058, fax: (82) 2-6000-1333 or e-mail:

December CEA Christmas Party Dana Hotel & Spa

Chicago, IL December 7 For more information or to RSVP, contact the Chicago Elevator Association (CEA) at email: or phone: (708) 371-2477.

2017 January LIFTECH EXPO Jeddah Centre for Forums & Events Jeddah, Saudi Arabia January 8-10 For more information, visit liftechexpo. info. ASME A17 Elevator Code Week Sheraton Sand Key Clearwater Beach, Florida January 9-12 For more information, contact the American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME) at website:

February EESF Annual General Membership Meeting The Battle House Renaissance Mobile Hotel & Spa Mobile, AL February 16 For more information, contact the Elevator Escalator Safety Foundation (EESF) at website:






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NAESA members will be gathering in Lake Geneva, Wisconsin, for the Wisconsin Elevator Symposium on October 13-14.

March Asansör Istanbul 2017 Istanbul, Turkey March 23-26 For more information, contact organizer Istanbul Fair Organization at www.

April NAEC Spring Educational Conference Scottsdale Resort and Conference Center Scottsdale, AZ April 1-4 For more information, contact the National Association of Elevator Contractors’ (NAEC) Amanda Smith at toll free: (800) 900-6232, fax: (770) 760-9714, email: or website: www.naec. org. ECNY Supplier Showcase Villa Barone Manor Bronx, NY April 5 For more information, contact the Elevator Conference of New York (ECNY) at website:

May NAESA Safety Summit Sheraton Grand Hotel 340 North 3rd Street Phoenix, AZ May 21-23 For more information, contact Bob Shepherd of NAESA International at

Euro-Lift 2016 is set for October 18-20 in Kielce, Poland.

phone: (609) 780-5551 or email: bob@, or visit sessions/739.

Contact CECA at phone: (905) 446-0327, email: or website:


CECA Eastern and Western Regions Four meetings per year on an as-needed basis. Contact CECA at phone: (905) 446-0327, email: or website:

42nd Annual CECA Convention Collingwood, Canada June 6-9 For more information or to register, visit the Canadian Elevator Contractors Association (CECA) website at ceca-acea. org.

October ISO/TC 178 Plenary and Working Groups Meetings New Delhi, India October 9-13 ISO/TC 178 working groups will meet throughout the week, with the plenary meeting taking place on October 12. For more information, visit the International Organization for Standardization's website: Interlift 2017 Augsburg Trade Fair Augsburg, Germany October 17-20 For more information or to register, visit

Regional Meetings and Events Canadian Elevator Contractors Association (CECA) Central Region Meetings are held the first Thursday in February, April, October and December.

Chicago Elevator Association (CEA) First Thursday of each month, SeptemberJune (no meetings during July and August). Contact Tom Przybyla at phone: (708) 371-2444 or fax: (708) 371-2477. Elevator Association of Florida Meetings are held on the second Tuesday of January, April, July and October. Contact Treasurer Lee Rigby at phone: (850) 294-1070, fax: (850) 210-0085, email: Elevator Association of Minnesota (EAM) September, December, spring and a June golf outing. Contact Rick Lowenberg of Minnesota Elevator, Inc. at phone: (507) 245-4208. Elevator Conference of New York (ECNY) Dates to be announced on the ECNY website. Contact ECNY at email: info@ or website: Elevator Industry Group of Southern California (EIGSC) Third Tuesday of each month, January-May and September-December at Les Freres Continued

12 • October 2016

Let’s address the

ELEPHANT in the room...

Taix Restaurant, 1911 Sunset Boulevard, Los Angeles, beginning at 11:30 a.m. Contact EIGSC at website: International Association of Elevator Consultants – New York (IAEC-New York Region) Meets quarterly in March, June, September and December on the second Tuesday in New York, NY. Contact Joe Neto, Jr. at email: Massachusetts Elevator Safety Association (MESA) Meetings are held on the second Tuesday of each month (except June, July and August) at the Phillips Old Colony House, Boston (Dorchester), MA. Contact President Eric Tragash at phone: (860) 678-7987, Treasurer Joe Zarba at phone: (508) 586-3610, email: or website: The annual safety seminar is held in October of each year, with the golf outing in September of each year. Northern California Elevator Industry Group (NCEIG) Third Wednesday of each month (except July and August). Contact NCEIG at website: for meeting dates and locations. An expanded calendar with associated industry events is available at website: .

THE TRUTH ABOUT ALPS We are not the cheapest. But quality means safety, and that’s what we deliver.

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Elevate Training Courses Stuttgart, Germany (in German) — October 6, 2016 New York City — October 18, 2016 London — March 16, 2017 London — September 7, 2017 Hong Kong — November 23, 2017 Sydney — November 27, 2017 Elevate Training Courses (Advanced) Stuttgart, Germany (in German) — October 7, 2016 New York City — October 19, 2016 London — March 17, 2017 London — September 8, 2017 Hong Kong — November 24, 2017 Sydney — November 28, 2017 For complete details on Elevate Training Courses, contact Peters Research Ltd. at website: www.

Chicago, IL • Los Angeles, CA • Houston, TX • Harrisburg, PA MEMBERS OF

800-424-9984 • 14 • October 2016

American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME) International Professional Development Course For information on all courses, contact ASME toll free: (800) 843-2763, outside North America: (973) 882-1170, fax: (973) 882-1717 or (973) 882-5155 or email: NAESA International QEI and Code Training For more information on all NAESA International Education programs and QEI testing, contact Bob Shepherd at phone: (609) 780-5551 or email:


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Comments Through the Generations I grew up with a dad who wasn’t big on reading. Numbers were more his thing. However, Elevator World was one of the few things my dad did read, and I remember it always being around. He still reads it to this day, though he has been retired for many years. Today, when I learned my niece had been hired by thyssenkrupp and was the fourth generation to enter the elevator trade, I thought of EW. I don’t know if it’s newsworthy, as there are probably plenty

A Great Golf Outing On August 5, the Chicago Elevator Association (CEA) held its annual golf outing at the Gleneagles Country Club in Lemont, Illinois, to benefit the Elevator Escalator Safety Foundation (EESF). The event included a 50/50 drawing for the EESF. The CEA would like to thank Brad Hunt of The Peelle Co., Tim Kelley of TRI-TRONICS, Ken Grohowski of C.E. Electronics, Inc. and Mike Jennings of Virginia Controls Inc. for helping collect US$1,170 for the drawing. Half went to the winner and the other half to the Foundation. We also raffled a Chicago Blackhawks sweater and collected US$465 as a result of the raffle.

of families that have multiple generations in the industry, but I wanted to at least bring it to your attention. My grandfather, Harold “Jack” Sharp; my father, Gary Sharp; my brother, Mark Sharp; and now, my niece, Amanda Sharp, have all been part of an industry that has been good to them and their families. Tracey Booth Advantage Media, Inc.

This year’s event was a huge success, raising approximately US$2,000 that will help the Foundation further its mission. The CEA would also like to thank its golf outing committee members, which include myself, Tom Przybyla and Molly Cruz of Parts Specialists, Inc. (PSI); and Matt Dennett of RBN & Associates. The fundraiser was successful due only to the support of our many sponsors. Glenn Duncan Sales Manager PSI

CEA members posed for a photo during the golf outing to celebrate the organization’s 105 years in existence.

16 • October 2016


Praise for August Issue, Chicago Section I just finished reading the August issue cover to cover, and I have to tell you that it is one of, if not the best, EW issues ever published. It contains the perfect mix of new construction and company news, history, event coverage and elevatorindustry technology, all of which is covered clearly, accurately and with great journalistic style. It is a true prize winner. All articles by the various EW authors and correspondents are wonderful! The photo contest is a terrific artistic feature that adds great interest and style to the magazine unlike anything else that I have seen in any other magazine. You all really have it down. I am sure that Editor and Publisher Ricia Sturgeon-Hendrick and Executive Vice President T.Bruce MacKinnon are very proud of you. I know EW founder, the late William C. Sturgeon, is, and I am proud to be on the masthead with all of you. Keep up the good work, and if there are any magazine contests still around, seriously consider submitting the August issue to one of them. Best regards to all at EW. Robert S. Caporale, Editor Emeritus Editor’s Note: We received the above letter in mid-August just a few weeks before Bob Caporale’s death. See his In Memoriam on page 42. I just finished reading your special section on Chicago in EW’s August issue. It is the best, with really great information on the industry and its beginnings. What a great service you provided to all of us. You made readers feel we were there, “when.” The tribute you paid to manufacturers, contractors and the people is outstanding. I feel I know everything there is to know about the Chicago elevator industry. I am sure there were many people who contributed to the special section, and it demonstrated the extreme talent at EW. In my opinion, the industry would be lost without EW. Thank you again for a great publication. Hats off, with tons of thanks. Jackie Mortman We read through the Chicago Special Section (which was really nice!) in EW’s August issue and noticed the RiverPoint article. We have the cab interiors on that job! My president asked me why we weren’t mentioned. I wasn’t sure what to say, really. I’m somewhat surprised that thyssenkrupp didn’t mention the cabs. Is

18 • October 2016

there a good way to keep you informed of projects we’re on so we can be included in such articles? Susan Pettit Director of Marketing Eklund’s, Inc. We appreciate all the kind words about our August issue and its big Chicago Special Section. As always, we encourage everyone to keep us informed on all projects they have a hand in making successful. We welcome your emails, newsletters and phone calls that help keep us as informed as possible and allow us to tell your stories. . . . Editor

Correction: Ivanhoé Cambridge Is Co-Owner of River Point Ivanhoé Cambridge, a global real-estate company, co-owns the River Point office building in Chicago, along with Hines (“A Beacon on the Riverfront,” EW, August 2016). Ivanhoé Cambridge’s name was inadvertently omitted from the article. EW regrets the omission.

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U.S. News

Transitions and Moves Acquisitions, hires and more from around the country

Hidral USA Hires Carcich to Grow NY Area Business Hidral USA has hired Vivian Carcich as its Regional New Business Development manager for the New York tri-state area. She was responsible for the startup of Fabian USA Inc., where she served as vice president. Carcich has extensive experience in the development and introduction of foreign products into the North

20 • October 2016



Following election of its board of directors (ELEVATOR WORLD, August 2016), the National Elevator Industry, Inc. (NEII®) has hired a new executive director and is moving its headquarters. Karen Penafiel has assumed the post and will coordinate and manage communications and operations. Her primary focus will be to implement a long-term strategic growth plan. Acting in partnership with the board, Penafiel will serve as the principal liaison between the board and its various committees. She will also have full authority and responsibility for managing the association and coordinating ongoing operations and directives established by the organization.  Penafiel has worked with the Building Owners Managers Association (BOMA) International since 1989, most recently as its vice president of advocacy, codes and standards. During her tenure, her focus was to establish BOMA International as the premier commercial real-estate association on legislative, regulatory and codes issues. Penafiel graduated from Hamilton College with a bachelor’s degree in Government.  With the appointment, NEII® bids farewell to longtime Managing Director Ed Donoghue, who is retiring from the association. Over the last 40 years, Donoghue has acted as chair of numerous industry organizations and is one of the foremost authorities on elevator codes and safety, formerly serving as NEII®’s Codes and Safety consultant.  The organization’s headquarters is relocating to 5667 Stone Road, #265, Centreville, Virginia 20120. Its new phone number is (703) 266-3100, and its email remains

American market. Hidral observes that, in such a fast-paced industry, Carcich quickly built a network of clients consisting of contractors, architects, developers and consultants. Carcich holds a certificate in interior design from Long Island University’s C.W. Post campus. She states: “There are many factors that contribute to a successful company, but your number-one focus should always be customer satisfaction. If you listen to your customer, return every call and offer a viable solution, most people will stand behind you, and, I can assure you, you will have a customer for life.”

KONE Appoints New Illinois Escalator Director KONE has appointed Brian Kryzaniak escalator unit director in its Coal Valley, Illinois, operation. Kryzaniak will report to Luca Galbiati, senior vice president, global manufacturing network and supply, and Larry Wash, executive vice president of KONE Americas, as part of the KONE Americas Leadership Team. Kryzaniak comes to KONE from Caterpillar, Inc., where he held a variety of management roles focused on providing operational oversight, improving safety and reducing costs. In this role, he will be focused on the execution of global strategy and operational excellence to include performance improvement, fostering the utilization of Lean Six Sigma principles and leading the implementation of supply excellence operations. He holds a bachelor’s degree in Manufacturing Engineering Design Technology from Bradley University in Peoria, Illinois. Kryzaniak

NEII Hires Executive Director, Moves

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U.S. News

NYC and NJ A special event is held; updates on Hudson Yards and introductions to other major projects.

New Faces, Old Friends at NEII® Field Safety Committee Meeting A rare New York City (NYC) meeting of The National Elevator Industry, Inc. (NEII) Field Safety Committee was held recently, drawing a larger-than-usual crowd and bringing together new members and old friends. Bobby Rodriguez of Otis brought along Kevin Dix as a new member. Dix is senior manager of Otis’ Environmental, Health & Safety division out of Chicago. John Connolly from Massachusetts represented thyssenkrupp in place of Larry Leadingham, and John Faure of Mitsubishi Electric attended for Ivan Andrews. Andrew Ramautar, representing Draka Elevator Products/Prysmian Group, was also a new face. Regulars in attendance were Chairman Corey Ward, KONE; Fred Wilk, Schindler; Travis Groh, MEI Total Elevator Solutions; Ray Downs, TEI Group; NEII Secretary Kevin Brinkman; and ELEVATOR WORLD Publisher and Editor Ricia Sturgeon-Hendrick. The group meets quarterly to review serious and fatal accidents in the industry and discuss ways such accidents could be prevented. They also edit the Elevator Industry Field Employees’ Safety Handbook, which is distributed at a rate of 15,000-20,000 a

year. At this meeting, it was noted that every company has safety cards listing their top eight-10 safety rules. Attendees agreed to combine the rules so all companies have the most important “top 10.” The next meeting is scheduled for November 15 in Chicago.

Infusion of Cash Fuels 35 Hudson Yards A US$1.2-billion loan from London’s Children’s Investment Fund (CIF) to Related Cos. and Oxford Properties Group is fueling construction of the fifth building in the Hudson Yards development on the far West Side, 35 Hudson Yards (EW, April and October 2014), Crain’s New York Business reported. Designed by David Childs of Skidmore, Owings & Merrill (SOM), the building is scheduled to open in 2019. It will stand 1,000 ft. tall, span 1.1 million sq. ft. and house approximately 140 condominiums, a high-end fitness center (Equinox, which Related owns) and a 200-room hotel. CIF also provided financing for 15 Hudson Yards, which, along with 35 Hudson Yards, are two of several residential towers Related and Oxford plan to build.

35 Hudson Yards, designed by David Childs of SOM; image from Related and Oxford

Financial District Supertall Plan Includes Subway Elevators Among attendees of the NEII Field Safety Committee Meeting in NYC were (l-r) Kevin Dix (Otis), Bob Rodriguez (Otis), Ray Downs (TEI Group), Corey Ward (KONE) and Kevin Brinkman (NEII).

Plans for a mixed-use, 64-story supertall building at 45 Broad Street in the Financial District of Lower Manhattan include a pair of subway elevators, New York YIMBY reported. Designed by CetraRuddy, the tower rises more than 1,100 ft. and is being Continued

22 • October 2016

developed by Madison Equities, Pizzarotti-IBC and AMS Acquisitions. It will include approximately 150 residences and is slated for completion in 2018. The elevators will not be connected to the building, but are CetraRuddy designed the supertall at 45 Broad Street. being done in tandem, with oversight by Urbahn Architects. They will be located on the southwest and northeast corners of Broad Street and Exchange Place and enhance subway accessibility in a location where the closest such elevators are six blocks away.

Jersey City Plan Grows, Gets Height Bump Kushner Cos.’ One Journal Square in Jersey City, New Jersey (NJ), was originally intended to be a pair of 50-story buildings but has morphed into 56- and 79-story towers, the shorter of which is under construction, New York YIMBY reported. Together, One Journal Square will house more than 1,700 residential units in the structures designed by Woods Bagot. There will also be retail, office and parking space. With the 56-story building projected to be complete in 2018, the project promises to be among the tallest on the growing Journal Square skyline. No timeframe was given for the taller building.

Woods Bagot designed the 56- and 79-story towers known as One Journal Square in Jersey City.

Jersey City Residential Skyscraper Moving Forward

NYC’s Landmarks Preservation Commission has approved curb adjustments to make way for new subway elevators on Broad Street; image from Madison Equities/Urbahn Architects via New York YIMBY.

Schindler Contract Builds upon MARTA Partnership Schindler has been awarded a multimillion-U.S.-dollar contract by the Metropolitan Atlanta Rapid Transit Authority (MARTA), building upon a relationship that began more than three decades ago. To take place over the next 10 years, the contract entails modernization and maintenance of 109 elevators and 116 escalators in 38 stations in the system, the eighth-largest in the U.S. Schindler observes its past work for MARTA has resulted in elevator and escalator availability of more than 98%. The latest work involves 74 escalators being outfitted with the InTruss modernization package designed to enhance reliability, efficiency and sustainability with minimal downtime. All equipment will be remotely monitored 24/7.

24 • October 2016

With more than US$155.83 million in financing in hand, Ironstate Development and Panepinto Properties have begun construction of a 50-story, 539-unit residential tower at 90 Christopher Columbus Drive in Jersey City, NJ, New York YIMBY reported. It is the final phase of a development that includes another 50-story residential tower and a 12-story Marriott hotel. The apartments will be rentals, and the development includes amenities such as a pool, library and children’s play area. Gwathmey, Siegel, Kaufman and Associates is the architect. The building is slated for completion in 2018. Continued

Ironstate Development and Panepinto Properties’ residential towers and hotel in Jersey City; rendering by REW

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Marriott Rises in NYC’s Financial District A 39-story, 396-ft.-tall Courtyard & Residence Inn by Marriott had reached three stories in the Financial District of NYC by late July, with completion expected in summer 2017, New York YIMBY reported. Located at 215 Pearl Street, the hotel is expected to have more than 300 rooms on floors five through 37 and 165,655 sq. ft. in all. Retail will be on the ground floor, and guest amenities include a rooftop garden. The project is being developed by Lam Group, and Nobutaka Ashihara Architect is the architect of record.

LIC Project Blends Hotel, Apartments in Style Long Island City (LIC) is now home to a 31-story structure that blends a hotel and apartments in the form of 29-11 Queens Plaza North, New York YIMBY reported. Designed by Handel Architects, the development consists of an east-facing tower and a slightly shorter west-facing tower fitting snugly next to one another. The 160-room Marriott Courtyard LIC occupies lower floors with the approximately 135 residences making up Aurora LIC starting on the 15th floor. Together, the Marriott and Aurora occupy 240,000 sq. ft. The bulk of the building is encased in a sheer, setback-free slab with blue, reflective glass. The developer was Harry Gross’ G-Holdings.

Renderings of San Francisco Project Released Foster + Partners has released new renderings of Oceanwide Center, a pair of 605- and 850-ft.-tall towers planned in San Francisco’s South of Market neighborhood downtown, dezeen reported. Together, the buildings will span 2 million sq. ft., with the taller tower housing a Waldorf Astoria hotel, offices, stores and entertainment venues, and the shorter one housing residences. Designed in conjunction with local firm Heller Manus Architects and planned for the South of Market neighborhood, the project consists of the shorter, rectilinear building and the taller one that boasts a glassy, diagonal-patterned façade. Ample public space at ground level is planned.

29-11 Queens Plaza North in LIC, housing a hotel and Aurora residences, was designed by Handel Architects.

30-Story Residential Building to Replace Pre-War NYC Apartments Icon Realty has demolished six pre-war NYC apartment buildings on Second Avenue between East 80th and 81st Streets, where it plans to build a 30-story tower housing approximately 60 residences, New York YIMBY reported. There will be one to four residences on each floor that average 3,168 sq. ft. Due to the units’ large size, condominiums are anticipated. Retail is planned for 8,945 sq. ft. on the ground floor of what is now known as 301 East 80th Street. The building is also set to contain significant amenities.

26 • October 2016

Oceanwide Center is planned for downtown San Francisco; rendering by Foster + Partners and D-BOX.

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Project Fuels Downtown Chicago’s Residential Boom Chicago’s Murphy Development announced it has partnered with CIM Group of Los Angeles to develop a glassy 46-story residential tower at 1326 S. Michigan Avenue in Chicago’s South Loop area downtown, Curbed Chicago reported. Designed by Solomon Cordwell Buenz (SCB) and bearing a resemblance to Studio Gang’s emerging Vista Tower (ELEVATOR WORLD, July 2016), 1326 S. Michigan would contain approximately 500 rental units, retail and parking. CIM is developing several other residential high rises in Chicago, and it hopes its stake in 1326 S. Michigan will help the project land financing.

Tallest Building in Grand Rapids Proposed 1326 S. Michigan Avenue, center, was designed by SCB.

Design details were being hammered out earlier this year for a 40-story, 420-ft.-tall mixed-use building in the historic district of Grand Rapids, Michigan, Michigan Live reported. If built, it would be the city’s tallest. Historic preservationists had previously signed off on the building’s height but, in August, were scheduled to review design details before approving the project. Portage, Michiganbased Hinman Co. is the developer of the building, which would have up to 140 hotel rooms on the first 10 floors with approximately 250 apartments above. The location is 10 Iona Avenue, N.W.

The proposed Grand Rapids tower; image courtesy of Hinman and the City of Grand Rapids

Downtown Austin Hotels Continue to Multiply The hotel market in downtown Austin, Texas, is growing, with 1,000 new rooms coming online that include a 30-story, 615-room Marriott near the Austin Convention Center downtown, the Austin American-Statesman reported. White Lodging Services Corp. of Merrillville, Indiana, is the developer of both the Marriott and a shorter Autograph Collection by Marriott hotel near the University of Texas. White Lodging recently completed or is building three hotels in Austin. Although the market has absorbed approximately 1,500 new rooms since the start of 2015, occupancy and rates remain strong. White Lodging plans to break ground on the Marriott in May 2017 ahead of a 2019 opening.

28 • October 2016


Annual Manufacturing Day Addresses Skilled Labor Shortage

Boston. To cost an approximate US$1 billion, the winning development will be chosen from a few finalists to be further pared đ&#x;Œ?đ&#x;Œ? down over the summer.

The fifth annual Manufacturing DaySM is planned on October 7, when thousands of manufacturers plan to open their doors to give people an up-close look at the high-tech, impactful jobs available. It is a program of The Manufacturing Institute, the nonprofit arm of the National Association of Manufacturers. The guiding principle of the events, intended to address the skilled labor shortage, is that “seeing is believing.� Research shows it works: a new Deloitte poll of participants revealed the vast majority of students and educators came away from Manufacturing Day believing careers in manufacturing are both interesting and rewarding. Participation continues to grow, with more than 2,600 events attracting more than 225,000 students and 55,000 parents, educators, job seekers and officials last year.

Boston Garage Site Plans Revealed The Boston Redevelopment Authority is weighing proposals for redevelopment of a shuttered garage. Six projects have been put forth for the downtown Winthrop Square Garage site, which the Boston Globe reports will include one of the tallest buildings in

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Trinity Financial, Inc.’s proposal for Boston’s Winthrop Square Garage site; courtesy of the Boston Globe • October 2016

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International News

Contracts around the World Asian countries are main drivers of business.

Momentum Continues for Otis in China Otis subsidiaries Xizi Otis Elevator Co. and Otis Elevator (China) Co., Ltd. continue to win major work in China, including contracts for a trio of residential towers in Zhangjiagang, a new central business district in Yangzhou, a hotel in Xiamen and a metro line in Chongqing. The subsidiaries will provide 411 units to these projects. Otis Elevator China is installing 113 elevators and escalators in Yangzhou Modern Service District (Y-MSD), a new “city within a city” covering more than 1 million m2 in east China. For developer Tianjin TEDA Group Co. Ltd., the company is providing 35 SkyRise® and 52 Gen2® elevators (including the latest Gen2 Premier designed especially for high-end office buildings) and 26 LINK escalators, along with the CompassPlusTM destination-management system. Y-MSD is scheduled for delivery in 2017. Otis was also selected to provide 81 Gen2 and four SkyTM elevators to Hui Jin New City, Royal First Mansion and Royal Lakefront, all residential developments in Zhangjiagang, and the 147-m-tall Xiamen EDITION hotel, a new Marriott in the port city of Xiamen. For

that project, Otis is providing 30 units, including seven SkyRise elevators traveling at up to 6 mps. Xizi Otis is providing 213 escalators for the new Line 5 metro extension in Chongqing, an emerging megacity in southwest China. With phase one set to open in late 2017, the new line will become Chongqing’s longest rail transit network at more than 66 km. The units include the flagship X021NP escalator, which is already in place in more than 10 Chinese cities. Continued

Y-MSD under construction in Yangzhou

Residential developments in Zhangjiagang

32 • October 2016





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Mitsubishi Electric Delivers 174 Units to Thailand MRT Line Mitsubishi Electric has delivered 49 elevators and 125 escalators to eight stations, an administrative office, an operational control center and car-parking facilities that are part of the Metropolitan Rapid Transit (MRT) Purple Line connecting Bangkok to its suburbs. Marking Mitsubishi Electric’s second MRT delivery, the order consists of heavy-duty escalators that conserve energy via sensors that switch speeds to low when no one is in the boarding area, and elevators with gearless traction machines that use energysaving permanent-magnet motors to reduce noise and vibration. All products were manufactured by Mitsubishi Elevator Asia Co., Ltd.

prompted the federal government to award thyssenkrupp its biggest door-related order ever. Dr. Oliver Tietze, head of thyssenkrupp’s Europe and Africa elevator business, said the contract will likely lead to additional work.

Order Includes South Korea’s Fastest Mitsubishi Electric has landed a 78-elevator order for the LCT complex in Busan, South Korea, that includes what are expected to be the two fastest elevators in the country, traveling at 600 mpm. The elevators will carry passengers from the first to the 100th floor of the Landmark Tower hotel in approximately 52 s. Designed by Skidmore, Owings & Merrill (SOM), the complex also includes a pair of 85-story residential towers and a seven-story podium. Delivery is expected to commence in December, with the entire project scheduled for completion in 2019. Mitsubishi Electric observed the units will include advanced drive and control equipment, streamlined aerodynamic car covers, active roller guides and various safety devices. POSCO Engineering & Construction, Ltd. is the customer.

Mitsubishi Electric delivered 125 escalators to the MRT Purple Line connecting Bangkok to its suburbs.

SMRT Escalator Upgrade Detailed News outlets provided detail about a major escalator upgrade at the Singapore Mass Rapid Transit (SMRT) system involving 233 units at 42 of its 54 stations along the north-south and east-west lines. The SGD47.3-million (US$35.2-million) contract was awarded to Otis Singapore and will take place through 2012, Singapore Business Review reported. Work includes new traction motors and lights indicating direction of travel. The first stations to get the new equipment will be Ang Mo Kio, Tanah Merah and Tanjong Pagar. The Straits Times reported that, in an effort to enhance safety and ease stress among commuters who are elderly or have small children in tow, the units will be dual speed — traveling at 0.75 mps during peak hours and 0.5 mps during off-peak hours.

thyssenkrupp’s Elevator Work Helps Land Government Contract thyssenkrupp’s performance servicing more than 350 elevator systems for Germany’s Federal Employment Agency was a deciding factor in the company being awarded a US$1.14-million, four-year contract to service nearly 20,000 of the agency’s automatic doors and related mechanisms, thyssenkrupp announced. The company’s elevator track record, along with its service concept, nationwide service network and customer portal

34 • October 2016

SOM designed the LCT complex in South Korea.

Unique Work Is the Focus at Mitsubishi Electric Plant

Sales of custom products, such as elevators with geometric Islamic designs and spiral escalators may represent only 1% of Mitsubishi Electric’s total sales, but at its Inazawa Works factory in Japan, these products are the focus, The Japan Times reported. Company officials said such work is important, because it enhances Mitsubishi Electric’s image and often leads to additional orders for other products. Implementing a system that combines rotating and vertical movement, spiral escalators can cost up to 20 times as much as regular ones. The company usually receives approximately three orders per year but recently delivered 12 to a department store in Shanghai. Hotels and high rises in the Middle East are big customers of the eye-catching, Islamic-themed elevators.

Otis Elevators for Distinctive Beirut Building

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Otis has been selected as the elevator provider for Beirut Terraces, a distinctive 27-story residential building designed by Hertzog and de Meuron overlooking the waterfront district of Beirut, Lebanon. The building’s unique design features overhanging floorplates and extended terraces in a full-height glass envelope. The Otis order includes eight custom-designed, 4-mps units making 33 stops, one panoramic Gen2® elevator and a service elevator, along with the energy-efficient ReGenTM regenerative drive. Benchmark is the developer.

The Otis elevators serving Beirut Terraces have reflective surfaces and travel at 4 mps.

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Beirut Terraces October 2016 • ELEVATOR WORLD


International News

Transitions KONE, AL, Apex hire team members.

Apex Lifts Welcomes Employees to Company, Industry

Kaje Named Vice President of KONE IR, Other Changes



Lifts with Braille, ARDs Gain Popularity in India

36 • October 2016



Mark Vick and Steve Williamson have joined the team at London-based Amalgamated Lifts (AL) as service manager and contractor surveyor, respectively. AL praised Vick’s relationship development with lift-industry clients, and noted he brings “invaluable experience and knowledge” to the service department. Williamson’s “experience and impressive background” promise to enhance the capabilities of AL’s construction division. Vick and Williamson also bring with them a high level of health, safety and quality knowledge that fits well with the company’s new accreditations, AL noted.


Vick, Williamson join AL

Apex Lifts, headquartered in London, recently welcomed three new employees to the company and lift industry. They are Emma Barnard, bid coordinator; Ami Freeman, service coordinator; and Amber Reynolds, repair sales consultant. In addition to writing bids, Barnard is assisting with marketing and promotional activities. She holds a degree in History and previously worked as a marketing assistant. Freeman supports engineers located in and around London and coordinates calls to help ensure service, maintenance and emergencies are documented. She previously served as an events and sales manager based in Canary Wharf. Reynolds’ main duty is analyzing insurance reports and advising clients on their next steps. She holds a degree in English Language and Linguistics from the University of Kent. Barnard

Sanna Kaje has been named vice president of Investor Relations (IR) at KONE. She joins KONE from Finnish construction company YIT with an extensive background in IR and finance. Katri Saarenheimo, who has been director of IR since 2014, is moving to a new role in the Global Maintenance division. Karla Lindahl will now focus on KONE’s strategic direction and development after serving as vice president for Strategy Development and IR. Kaje and Lindahl report directly to KONE Chief Financial Officer Ilkka Hara.

Although more common in the West, lifts equipped with Braille-enabled call buttons and automatic rescue devices (ARDs) are becoming more popular in new residential projects in India as awareness grows about the country’s aging and disabled population, the Hindustan Times reported. It was observed that, by 2026, India will be home to approximately 170 million senior citizens and that currently, approximately 30 million of them live alone. Further, approximately 2% of India’s population has a disability. Newer developments, such as Vivarea in Mumbai, boast features such as elevators with audio systems and Braille, and the trend is expected to continue.

International News

Business Moves Purchases, partnership and a new location

Orona Announces Latest European Acquisitions Hernani, Spain-based Orona announced it has acquired its fourth and fifth companies this year, Krakdzwig of Krakow, Poland, and Estrela Elevadores of Leiria, Portugal, expanding its European footprint further after previous purchases (ELEVATOR WORLD, April and May 2016). Krakdzwig has been Orona’s authorized Polish distributor since 2002 and holds a sizable market share in Krakow with 65 employees. Estrela brings 500 lifts to Orona’s maintenance portfolio and is Orona’s fifth acquisition in Portugal. Orona Managing Director Javier Mutuberria observed the transactions allow the company “to fortify our presence in key European markets and leverage the sector expertise brought by both Krakdzwig and Estrela.”

Wittur Debuts London Showroom, Academy at Liftex Wittur debuted its London location on May 25 during Liftex 2016, ferrying guests from the ExCeL London exhibition center to the new facility. Guests from numerous companies, including EW and EW Turkey, joined Wittur CEO Patrik Wohlhauser in celebrating the milestone. Including both a showroom and training center, the new location promises to enhance support for new installation and modernization projects in London and beyond. Customers are able to experience a range of Wittur products, including its remote-monitoring system, firsthand. Technicians can receive hands-on training through Wittur Academy, which will cover topics such as door-installation procedures and lift control board setup.

Hyundai Elevator Invests in Turkey Hyundai Elevator has become a partner with STFA Group in Turkey. Through the agreement, signed in July, Hyundai Elevator has acquired a 51% stake in STFA, with the group’s HMF Hyundai Asansör having been renamed Hyundai Elevator Turkey. Hyundai Elevator has been in the Turkish market since 2010 through cooperation with STFA and is aiming to position the country as a center to manage its operations in surrounding countries. In 2015, its growth rate in Turkey was twice as high as the one in the previous year, including underground, airport, financial center and city hospital projects. It has US$84 million in contracted deals and new projects, and sold 1,000 units last year. STFA CEO Yetik Kadri Mert commented: “Paying particular attention to the Chinese, Indian and Turkish markets, Hyundai has been planning to invest in Turkey for a long time. With this cooperation, which also covers the use of production opportunities in the future, like in the past, we will continue to put our signature under more prospering projects. . . .”

Wittur debuted its London location at Liftex; photo courtesy of Wittur

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38 • October 2016

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International News

India Oleo and KONE invest in plants; Toshiba Johnson markets new elevator series.

Oleo to Open India Facility U.K.-based manufacturer Oleo International will open its first production facility in India near Bengaluru International Airport at the beginning of the year. Impetus for the construction on the 50,000-sq.-ft building is to meet an increase in demand for its elevator buffers. It will concentrate primarily on manufacturing buffers for the elevator market. Oleo already has a production facility in China, in addition to its main site in Coventry, U.K. It manufactures buffers for the global elevator, rail and industrial industries. Oleo already exports 95% of its products overseas and has long identified India as a high-potential growth market. Oleo Elevator Division Managing Director Jamie Pratt said the move is a direct response to anticipated demand from the country for elevator buffers, elaborating: “India is a country that still has an aging building infrastructure and is currently undergoing a nationwide rebuilding project to replace many of its older buildings with more modern structures. The majority of these will be built high rise and will require both elevators and elevator safety devices.” Oleo stated that as India is not yet a major player in the global skyscraper market, its Indian factory will initially concentrate on the design and manufacture of modern, lower-speed buffers, with its U.K. site continuing to manufacture for the high-speed market. Three new 8-m-buffer testing towers solely to address buffer performance are being built at the new factory.

Toshiba Johnson Launches New Elevator for India Toshiba Johnson Elevators (India) Pvt. Ltd. has launched its “ELCOSMO-TJ” elevator series, especially developed for the Indian market’s upper-middle segment, including low- and mid-rise buildings, such as mid-sized office buildings, residential buildings and the retail segment. Toshiba notes the latter is a rapidly growing, large-volume zone for the elevator market in the country. Like Toshiba’s other premium models, ELCOSMO-TJ offers high-efficiency permanent-magnet synchronous motors and LED lighting to enhance energy efficiency.

40 • October 2016

Yoshiyuki Mabuchi, managing director, Toshiba Johnson, explained: “Since our entry into the India market in 2011, we were focusing only on the premium segment. The launch of our new mid-segment ELCOSMO-TJ model marks our entry in the upper-middle segment, which will help us consolidate our annual sales to 2,000 units per year by fiscal year 2020.” The ELCOSMOTJ has a load capacity A design sample of the ELCOSMO-TJ’s cabin of 544-1020 kg (8-15 persons) and travels at a speed of 1-1.175 mps. It will be distributed by both Toshiba Johnson and collaborating company Johnson Lifts Pvt. Ltd.

KONE to Build New Production Facility KONE plans to build a new production facility in India, shifting operations from Ambattur to Tamil Nadu and more than doubling its property from 8.8 to 18.8 acres, the Business Standard reported. KONE CEO Henrik Ehrnrooth said the new facility will open in 2018. He noted India is the world’s second-largest elevator market, behind China, and, unlike China, is growing. Urbanization, real-estate reforms and the India Smart Cities Challenge are among factors driving elevator demand. Producing freight, panoramic and residential elevators, KONE’s India market accounts for approximately 5% of its global business.

Large Malta Project Detailed According to the Malta Independent, a project cost estimate has been drawn up for the proposed twin 40- and 25-story, mixed-use Mercury House development in the Paceville district of Malta. Though developers had only planned to pay around EUR110 million (US$125.1 million), the estimate puts the construction price at EUR160-180 million (US$181.9-204.7 million). Developers said that due to the building’s unique shape and the fact that this type of project would be unique in the country, reliable cost data was difficult to secure. Special advice was sought from the U.K. and Dubai, where such structures are more commonplace. Construction work is to be carried out in a single phase with an international contractor appointed on a design-andbuild basis. An existing building would be purchased and demolished to make way for the steel-framed, concrete-core towers. Among the many imports that will be required, “fast lifts for high rise vertical distribution would have to be brought in from abroad,â€? the newspaper reported. The project’s above-ground area is 70,000 m2 of mixeduse space, with 5,000 m2 being allocated for a hotel. There will be five levels of parking below ground. The 40-floor tower will have 28 floors for residential apartments and five floors for the hotel. The second tower will have 19 of its 25 floors reserved for commercial office space. There will also be 18,200 m2 of retail and amenity space, and 50% of the ground-floor site area will be set aside as open space for a landscaped plaza. Gozitan hotelier Joseph Portelli’s proposal đ&#x;Œ?đ&#x;Œ? was “still on the drawing boardâ€? as of June.

The twisting twin-tower design for Mercury House is by Zaha Hadid Architects.

In Memoriam

Robert S. Caporale

Robert S. “Bob� Caporale passed away on the Labor Day weekend, September 5. Best known in the industry as longtime editor of ELEVATOR WORLD, Caporale was an industry leader who hailed from the Bronx and began his lifelong career in New York City (NYC). Caporale began his career in the construction industry in 1964 as a draftsman at the engineering firm of Jaros Baum & Bolles. There, he advanced to the position of associate and was the principal designer, field engineer and inspector on some of the world’s largest vertical-transportation and materials-handling projects. In this capacity, Caporale provided oversight of new installation and modernization projects and was the company’s principal elevator, escalator and materials-handling-systems project manager. In 1990, he joined DTM Elevator Consulting and Drafting Services, where he was director of engineering. In 1991, he joined Syska and Hennessy Engineers as vice president and director of the Transport System Group, where he continued to manage numerous elevator and escalator installation and modernization projects throughout the U.S. In 1993, Caporale began working for Elevator World, Inc. as associate editor. He was appointed editor in 1997, a post he held until March 2014, when he retired and was given the honor of editor emeritus (EW, March 2014). Never one for idleness, he continued to work, operating his own firm RSC Consulting; serving as editor of the NAESA International newsletter Progress; joining the team of forensic analysts and technical experts at Unified Investigations and Sciences, Inc.; and working with magazine/online news source High Rise Facilities as part of its editorial staff. In his 50-plus-year-long industry career, Caporale worked and reported on some of the world’s most iconic buildings, including the original World Trade Center in NYC and the Willis (formerly Sears) Tower in Chicago. He was also a QEI and coauthor of The Vertical Transportation Handbook. He was proud to have traveled the world commissioning elevator systems on many projects throughout the U.S. and internationally in Kuwait, Hong Kong, South Korea, Egypt and the U.K. Highly educated, Caporale held an associate’s degree in Electrical Technology from the State University of New York and an MSc in Lift Engineering from the University College Northampton in the U.K. He was a longtime member of NAESA,

42 • October 2016

the International Association of Elevator Engineers, the American Society of Mechanical Engineers and the Elevator Conference of New York, and served in positions of leadership and on important committees in many of these organizations throughout the years. Caporale was also a founding member of the International Association of Elevator Consultants and Elevator U, as well as a QEI and State of Florida certified elevator inspector. Caporale was always ready to serve the industry by covering important projects and events and remained in frequent correspondence with EW after his retirement. We are honored to print his most recent comment in this issue (p.18). Caporale is survived by wife, Terry; sons, Anthony and Robert “Bobbyâ€?; and two grandchildren. His family asked that, in lieu of flowers, cards or donations, he be remembered simply with love and laughter, which he considered to be the greatest gifts. đ&#x;Œ?đ&#x;Œ?

Caporale with his longtime friend Nicholas J. Montesano, president of DTM Elevator Consulting Inc. in 2002. Caporale was director of engineering for the company in 1990. Caporale with William C. Sturgeon, EW founder and fellow NYC native and former editor of EW. Caporale often said, “Being the editor of EW is the best job in the world!�


The American Safety Code for Elevators and Escalators, Part 3 Further examination reveals questions in this final article in a series on the standard between its inception in 1921 and 1931. by Dr. Lee Gray, EW Correspondent The first three editions of the American Safety Code for Elevators and Escalators employed a standard organizational scheme with regards to core content. The rules proposed to govern elevator and escalator installation and use were organized into seven “parts,” which were further subdivided into 21 “sections.” The majority of the rules were composed of multiple sub-parts, and many also featured associated “notes” and identified specific “exceptions.” The development of the rules from 1921 to 1931 followed the same editorial path found in the code’s definition sections (see Part Two of this series, ELEVATOR WORLD, September 2016) and reflected the parallel maturation of the code and its authors as they learned the craft of code writing and implementation. The first edition (A Code of Safety Standards for the Construction, Operation and Maintenance of Elevators, Dumbwaiters and Escalators: 1921) established the organizational structure, followed by the next two editions. The authors apparently utilized a numbering scheme predicated on a simple set of guidelines using the decimal system. (Note: the origins of this scheme remain a mystery.) This system worked hierarchically: each part of the code was assigned a single-digit number, each section was assigned a two-digit number, and each rule was assigned a three-digit number. The system utilized the three-number system as follows: the first number of a rule indicated the part of the code, the first two numbers combined indicated the section, and the third number indicated the rule number. For example: “Rule 111: Protection of Hatchway Openings” was found in Part 1, Section 11, and was the second rule in that

section (Rule 110 being the first rule). This system allowed up to 10 sections per part and 10 rules per section. However, as none of the three code editions utilized the maximum number of allowed sections, and most sections had fewer than 10 rules, the code appears, at first glance, to employ a somewhat arbitrary numbering system. This is further reinforced by the fact that the code parts were assigned Roman numerals, and the sections and rules were assigned Arabic numerals (Table 1). A closer examination of the code’s contents reveals a clear organizational structure, with the seven parts devoted to hoistways, passenger power elevators, freight power elevators, hand and invalid elevators, dumbwaiters, escalators and operating rules. This examination also reveals a parallel structure employed in the three elevator categories. Passenger, freight and hand elevators were addressed in identical sections titled “Car Construction and Safeties,” “Counterweights, Bumpers and Guides,” “Machines and Machine Safeties,” and “Cables and Signal Systems.” The only differences between the section titles was the addition of identifying phrases: “for Power Passenger Elevators,” “for Power Freight Elevators,” and “for Hand and Invalid Elevators.” This parallel structure also extended to the rules found in the respective sections. Nineteen rules addressed passenger elevators, 20 rules addressed freight elevators, and 10 rules addressed hand elevators. Passenger and freight elevators shared 16 common rules, and eight rules addressed common features across all three types. The remaining rules addressed topics unique to a particular elevator system (Table 2). Continued

44 • October 2016

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Part I

Hoistway Construction for Passenger and Freight Elevators and for Dumbwaiters

Section 10

Hoistway Construction

Section 11

Hoistway Guards and Screens

Section 12


Section 13

Machine Rooms

Part II

Power Passenger Elevators

Section 20

Car Construction and Safeties for Power Passenger Elevators

Section 21

Counterweights, Bumpers and Guides for Power Passenger Elevators

Section 22

Machines and Machine Safeties for Power Passenger Elevators

Section 23

Cables and Signal Systems for Power Freight Elevators

Part III

Power Freight Elevators

Section 30

Car Construction and Safeties for Power Freight Elevators

Section 31

Counterweights, Bumpers and Guides for Power Freight Elevators

Section 32

Machines and Machine Safeties for Power Freight Elevators

Section 33

Cables and Signal Systems for Power Freight Elevators

Part IV

Hand Elevators and Invalid Elevators

Section 40

Car Construction and Safeties for Hand Elevators and Invalid Elevators

Section 41

Counterweights, Bumpers and Guides for Hand Elevators and Invalid Elevators

Section 42

Machines and Suspension Members for Hand Elevators and Invalid Elevators

Part V


Section 50

Dumbwaiter Construction

Section 51

Speed, Control, and Safeties for Power Dumbwaiters

Part VI


Section 60

Escalator Construction

Section 61

Rules for Inspection and Maintenance

Part VII

Operating Rules

Section 70

Rules for Inspection and Maintenance

Section 71

Qualifications and Duty of Operators

Table 1: Parts and sections, Code of Safety Standards for the Construction, Operation and Maintenance of Elevators, Dumbwaiters and Escalators (1921)

This structure also appeared to establish a somewhat redundant set of repeated rules (as indicated by rule titles). In some instances, this was true: Rules 210 and 310 were identical for passenger and freight elevators: “Rule 210/310 Counterweights a. Counterweights shall run in guides. b. If two counterweights run in the same guides, the car counterweight shall be above the machine counterweight and there shall be a clearance of not less than eight (8) inches between the counterweights. c. If an independent car counterweight is used, it shall not be of sufficient weight to cause undue slackening in any of the cables during acceleration or retardation of the car. d. Counterweight sections, whether carried in frames or not, shall be secured by at least two tie rods passing through

holes in the sections. The tie rods shall have lock nuts at each end, the lock nuts being secured by cotter pins.” However, in many cases, the parallel rule’s language, while similar, also reflected critical operational differences, a fact illustrated by a comparison of rules 202 and 302: “Rule 202 Car Enclosures a. Cars for passenger elevators shall be enclosed at sides and top, except the openings necessary for entrance or exit. An emergency exit is not considered a car opening. b. The car enclosure, either ‘openwork’ or solid, may be of metal or wood. If of ‘openwork’ it shall reject a ball two (2) inches in diameter. If the openings are larger than one-half (1/2) inch square they shall be covered with wire netting of not more than one-half (1/2) inch square mesh and of wire not smaller than No. 20

Steel Wire gage, (0.0348 in. diam.) to a height of at least six (6) feet from the car floor. c. No passenger-elevator car shall have more than two (2) entrances. d. Power passenger-elevator cars shall be provided with an emergency exit in the top of the car. This exit shall be not less than sixteen (16) inches wide and not less

than four hundred (400) square inches in area. If there is an elevator in an adjacent hoistway without intervening enclosure and the vertical distance between any two consecutive landing openings exceeds thirty (30) feet, there shall be provided in addition to the top exit an emergency side exit to the adjacent car. e. A car door or gate shall be provided at each entrance to power passenger cars and each door or gate shall be provided with car-gate electric contacts. Continued

46 • October 2016

Rule 200/300/400

Car Construction

Rule 201/301/401

Car Compartments

Rule 202/302/402

Car Enclosures

Rule 203/303/403

Cars Counterbalancing One Another

Rule 207/306/404

Capacity and Loading

Rule 210/310/410


Rule 212/312/412

Guide Rails

Rule 220/320/420

Machines and Machinery

Rule 205/304

Car Safeties and Speed Governors

Rule 206/305

Car Safety Test

Rule 211/311

Car and Counterweight Bumpers or Buffers

Rule 221/321

Hydraulic Machines

Rule 222/323

Machine Safeties and Terminal Stops

Rule 223/324


Rule 231/331

Cable Equalizers

Rule 232/332

Signal Systems

Rule 204

Platform Elevators

Rule 224

Limits for Acceleration and Retardation

Rule 230


Rule 322

Belted Machines

Rule 325

Limits of Speed, Acceleration and Retardation

Rule 326

Limits of Travel for Freight Elevators

Rule 330

Hoisting Cables

Rule 403

Car Safeties and Speed Retarders

Rule 421

Hoisting Cables, Ropes and Chains

Table 2: 1921 Rules for passenger, freight and hand-powered elevators (200 series = passenger elevators; 300 series = freight elevators; 400 series = hand-powered elevators)

Exception: ‘Button-control’ elevators may be operated with an open gate if there is no passenger in the car. “Rule 302 Car Enclosures a. Cars for power freight elevators other than platform elevators shall be enclosed at sides except the openings necessary for loading and unloading, to a height of at least six (6) feet, or to the crosshead if the crosshead is lower. b. The car enclosure, either ‘openwork’ or solid, may be of metal or wood. If of ‘openwork’ it shall reject a ball two (2) inches in diameter. If the openings are larger than one-half (1/2) inch square they shall be covered with wire netting of not more than one-half inch (1/2) square mesh and of wire not smaller than No. 20 Steel Wire Gage (0.0384 in. diam.) to a height of at least six (6) feet from the car floor, where the clearance to any part of the hoistway structure or the counterweight is less than five (5) inches. c. If the car enclosure is cut away at the front to provide access to the handrope, the enclosure shall be cut low enough to prevent injury to the operator’s hand. d. Power freight-elevator cars shall be equipped with solid-top covers or wire grille work having a mesh that will reject a ball one and one-half (1-1/2) inches in diameter and of wire not less than

48 • October 2016

No. l0 Steel Wire Gage (0.135 in. diam.) or its equivalent. The top or cover shall be sufficiently strong to sustain a load of one hundred and fifty (150) pounds applied at any point. Exceptions: (1) Elevators operating through automatic hatch covers; (2) sidewalk elevators; (3) platform elevators; (4) elevators having automatic closing gates extending to the floor at all landings above the lowest landing; and (5) elevators with landing doors which open only from the hoistway side except by a key and which are kept closed unless the car is at the landing. e. Car gates or doors for freight elevators when closed shall guard the full opening, except that they need not be more than six (6) feet high. f. Elevator cars operating in hoistways outside the building which are enclosed only at the ground landing, shall be protected on the exposed side or sides either by independently operated bars or gates equipped with electric contacts, or by semi-automatic bars or gates.” A close reading of these rules (and the code part and section titles) also reveals the continued presence of 19th-century technology. The latter is represented by the reference to “handrope control” (seen above), and the use of the terms “bumper” and “invalid elevator.” (These terms were not used in subsequent editions.) The code’s first edition included 99 rules concerning elevator and escalator installation and operation. The robust editorial character of these rules is indicated by the fact that the second edition (Engineering and Industrial Safety Standards: A Safety Code for Elevators, Dumbwaiters and Escalators: Rules for Construction, Inspection, Maintenance and Operation: 1925) also had 99 rules, 95 of which were carried over from the first edition. The content of the rules “deleted” from the first edition was incorporated into other rules, and the additions addressed safety issues (new rules for rated capacity tests for passenger and freight elevators) and the increasing use of escalators (new rules concerning testing and machine rooms). Many of the rules were also revised (to varying degrees) in the new edition, and the editorial efforts were primarily aimed at greater clarity and a more precise use of language. The second edition also included a new feature. A system described as “key numbers” was used to “indicate whether a rule should be made retroactive, and, if so, how long a period after the adoption of the Code should be permitted to bring the equipment in question up to the Code requirements.” These numbers were assigned to each rule (and rule subsections) as needed and were predicated on a time period of 0-24 months: “(0) To be applied immediately. (1) Not to be applied to existing installations. (2) To be applied to existing installations only to the extent ordered by the administrative authority. (3) To be applied to existing installations when next renewal of cables or other parts affected is made. (6) To be applied to existing installations six months after the adoption of this Code.

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(12) To be applied to existing installations 1 year (12 months) after the adoption of this Code. (24) To be applied to existing installations two years after the adoption of this Code.â€? However, the suggested application of these recommendations was perceived to be dependent on the “age and condition of the majority of the elevators within a given jurisdiction.â€? Their use was also imagined to vary by geographic regions: “In older settled cities and states, where the average age of all elevator installations is high, it will not be practical to make any of the rules retroactive, while some of the cities and states, notably in the Middle and Far West, where most of the elevators are of comparatively modern design and where the average age of all installations is low, a much larger part of the code might be applied to existing installations without working hardship to present owners of equipment.â€? This assessment reflected the U.S.’s urban growth and settlement patterns from the 1880s to the 1920s. The third edition of the code (American Standard Safety Code for Elevators, Dumbwaiters and Escalators: Rules for Construction, Inspection, Maintenance and Operation: 1931) followed the pattern established by the first two editions, and, while the rules followed the structure of the second edition, many of them were expanded in length and detail, responding to the increasing complexity of traction elevator systems. This three-part series has, in many ways, only scratched the surface of the wealth of material found in these early editions of the American Safety Code for Elevators and Escalators. These articles have attempted to reveal the value of these documents in their ability to shed new light on the operational characteristics of early 20th-century elevators. They also provide a critical context for contemporary issues and serve as reminders that some conversations have, in fact, been going on for a long time. This is, perhaps, best illustrated by a lengthy description found in the code’s third edition on the proposed use of elevators to assist in evacuating people from skyscrapers during a fire. This important topic will the focus of a future article. đ&#x;Œ?đ&#x;Œ?


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October 2016 • ELEVATOR WORLD


PROJECT SPOTLIGHT The new Panama Canal crossing is a cable bridge; Š PCA


M I L E S TO N E thyssenkrupp plays vital role in global economic game changer, the first-ever expansion of the Panama Canal.

The expanded portion illuminated at night; © PCA


by Kaija Wilkinson here is no denying the significance of the Panama Canal expansion to the global economy. When it wrapped up in June after nine years of construction, the US$5.25-billion project ushered in a new era for international maritime trade by nearly doubling the waterway’s capacity to container ships able to carry up to 14,000 containers.[1] The new ships are known as New Panamax, and they are the way of the future. Approximately three football fields in length and three times the size of the previous vessels, they will carry “90% of everything”[2] people need, from clothes to food to furniture and gasoline. The project represents the first time the Panama Canal has been expanded since it opened in 1914, allowing ships to avoid swerving around the tip of South America and, instead, pass straight through Central America.[3] The expanded canal saves shippers both money and time. A tanker of liquefied natural gas, for example, traveling from the U.S. Gulf Coast to Asia, can shorten its travel distance by 5,000 nautical mi. and seven to nine days.[1] The system works like a “giant water elevator” in that ships coming from either the Atlantic or Pacific sides enter a set of locks with chambers and are then lifted into the manmade Gatun Lake and, finally, lowered onto the

other side.[4] The expansion, one of the largest engineering feats of the 21st century, added a third set of locks, each 1,400 ft. long, 180 ft. wide and 59 ft. deep. According to the Panama Canal Authority (PCA), the numbers involved were staggering and included: • More than 100 economic-viability studies over six years • Four gates (two for each lock), weighing 2,300 T each • Excavation of more than 26 million m3 of material • The addition of 1.4 million m3 of water to fill the New Panamax Channel, an area covering 1,300 acres. • Dredging of more than 4.6 million m3 from Gatun Lake. Safely and efficiently navigating such a massive and complex structure is no easy feat and is as vital to the system’s operation as the circulatory system is to the human body. That is where thyssenkrupp comes in. In the relatively short timeframe of five months, the OEM delivered 14 highly specialized, waterproof, explosionproof elevators to Grupo Unidos por el Canal, SA, the contractor that designed and built the locks. Making all components for the tunnel elevators explosion proof – a must to ensure uninterrupted operation – was the first job of its kind in Panama, incorporating electrical devices that prevent sparks. All equipment was supplied from thyssenkrupp’s Neuhausen, Germany, factory, with the Continued

October 2016 • ELEVATOR WORLD


The expanded Panama Canal has three locks; © PCA.

proud, including an elevator that climbs to an altitude of company turning to local suppliers for items such as tools and safety gear. 3,900 m for a mine within a Peruvian mountain. The canal Elevator installation commenced in November 2015 and project was one-of-a-kind, representing a first in both finished in April 2016. Twenty-four thyssenkrupp employees, complexity and scale for thyssenkrupp. Peter Bjorn, vice split between the Atlantic and Pacific locks, were deployed. president of New Installation and Modernization for the Six elevators on each side descend to depths of 50 m and are Elevator Technology division of connected to tunnels known as thyssenkrupp Latin America, said the “crossunders” running beneath the project is indicative of “the high level of Safely and efficiently lock chambers (which hold millions of proficiency of thyssenkrupp teams liters of water). Another pair of navigating such a working on milestone projects around elevators operate in the control towers the world.” massive and complex on each side. thyssenkrupp Elevator CEO Andreas structure is no easy The vertical transportation system Schierenbeck added it is an example of consists of: feat and is as vital to the company “jointly addressing the • Two 900-kg control-tower elevators the system’s operation challenges of mobility in complex traveling at 60 mps, making six stops environments.” • Four 449-kg crossunder elevators on as the circulatory It is satisfying to think our elevator the Pacific side traveling at 60 mps, industry played such a pivotal role in system is to the making two stops such a landmark project, observed • Four 450-kg, crossunder elevators human body. thyssenkrupp spokesman Michael Ridder. (two on each side) traveling at 45 The Panama Canal expansion has mps, making two stops been a driver of job growth that is still yielding fruit, both in • Four 450-kg crossunder elevators on the Atlantic side Panama and beyond. The PCA estimates more than 30,000 traveling at 45 mps, making two stops jobs have been created by the project since its inception, and Outfitting the new lock system with elevators added to a a ripple effect continues. Latin American portfolio of which thyssenkrupp is justifiably


52 • October 2016

Photo by Nina at the Norwegian Bokmål language Wikipedia

A F E AT O F E N G I N E E R I N G [ 1 ] The enlarged Panama Canal has: Enough dredged material to fill the Egyptian Great Pyramid at Giza 25 times over Enough steel to build 29 new Eiffel Towers Chambers in each of the new channel locks that are large enough to accommodate an Empire State Building

Clockwise from top left: The excavation of 26 million m3 of material was required to make way for the expanded Panama Canal. During the process, the PCA took care to preserve artifacts, such as a 16-century Spanish sword, that were unearthed; numerous cranes dot the jobsite; the construction site covered 1,300 acres; work took place around the clock; all photos © PCA. October 2016 • ELEVATOR WORLD


Looking down into the shaft of one of the control-tower elevators; photo courtesy of thyssenkrupp

The two new control towers were outfitted with thyssenkrupp elevators; Š PCA.

54 • October 2016

Control-tower elevator; photo courtesy of thyssenkrupp

The canal project was one-of-a-kind, representing a first in both complexity and scale for thyssenkrupp. Ports, particularly along the U.S. East Coast, are preparing for increased traffic from Asia, thanks to the expanded canal, by making adjustments to their infrastructure. The first carrier to pass through was the 9,472-container China Ocean Shipping Co. (COSCO) shipping vessel from China, which was renamed COSCO Shipping Panama in honor of the June 24 occasion. At least five more similar-sized ships were scheduled to traverse the canal between June 30 and July 8,[3] and by late June, 170 New Panamax vessels had booked reservations.[1] The Port Authority of New York and New Jersey intends to spend US$1.3 billion to raise the height of an 85-year-old bridge to accommodate the New Panamax vessels, and by 2020, the South Carolina Ports Authority plans to dredge its harbor from 45 to 52 ft. In Panama, the metro, bridge over the canal, airport and electrical transmission system are all being expanded.[1] The expanded canal clearly offers good tidings for both the global shipping and construction industries. Like many projects of such scope and complexity, all has not been perfect: it was two years behind schedule and over budget.[1] All in all, however, entities involved consider the project a great success and engineering marvel. If there is any loser in this brave new world, it is the smaller container ships that, as a result of the expanded canal, have become virtually obsolete overnight.[3]

References [1] Mufson, Steven, “An Expanded Panama Canal Opens for Giant Ships,” The Washington Post, June 26, 2016. [2] George, Rose, Ninety Percent of Everything: Inside Shipping, the Invisible Industry that Puts Clothes on Your Back, Gas in Your Car, and Food on Your Plate, Metropolitan Books, Henry Holt & Co., New York, New York, August 13, 2013. [3] Toobin, Adam, “Panama Canal Prepares for First Mega Containerships After Panamax Widenings,” Inverse, June 16, 2016. [4] Challgren, Thor, “Panama Canal Expansion Complete,” The Acorn, June 23, 2016.

A worker surveys progress at the expansion site; © PCA.

Construction of the locks was a monumental task © PCA.

Workers celebrate the opening of the expanded canal on June 26, Panama Canal Day; © PCA.

October 2016 • ELEVATOR WORLD


Focus on Maintenance

Formula for Success In this Readers Platform, your author describes how contractors, mechanics and building owners all play crucial roles in elevator maintenance.

by Craig Zomchek During my 20 years in the elevator industry, I have seen elevator maintenance evolve. As a contractor in the Chicago area, I find this evolution alarming and, at times, difficult to wrap my mind around. In my opinion, there are three components to the elevator-maintenance equation: contractors, mechanics and building owners. Each should play a significant role in providing safe and reliable elevator service.

Contractors Elevator contractors hold the maintenance contracts and must supply sufficient people and time to complete elevator maintenance per agreements with building owners. It is the contractor’s job to educate Elevator contractors building owners about what they need to do to keep their need to give elevator elevators safe and reliable. In mechanics time to the Chicago area, we have begun to see elevator complete elevator given less time to maintenance. They also technicians perform maintenance. If a need to provide elevator technician is not given mechanics with an MCP sufficient time to complete required maintenance tasks, so they know what such as checking phones, car tops, door locks, emergency should be checked lighting and firefighter within each system. service, he or she will not have time to keep jobsites clean and perform proactive equipment replacement of door rollers, light bulbs and interlocks. I have bumped into mechanics who have told me some of their contracts require only 6-min. maintenance visits. The only tasks that can be performed in such a timeframe are riding the

56 • October 2016

elevator, going into the machine room and filling out paperwork/entering information into a mobile device. Elevator contractors need to give elevator mechanics time to complete elevator maintenance. They also need to provide elevator mechanics with a maintenance control program (MCP) so they know what should be checked within each system.

Mechanics Elevator mechanics are the second part of the equation. With our industry’s new definition of maintenance, it is difficult for mechanics to keep elevators running well. I often say maintenance has two components: time and motivation. Let us assume a mechanic has enough time to complete elevator maintenance. He or she should be going through a company-supplied checklist and an MCP to see what is required. With the company-supplied information, mechanics should follow the steps and first look at safety items, such as emergency phones, door locks, door speeds, emergency lighting and firefighter service. Next, they should look for what needs to be attended to —door rollers, light bulbs and other items that may need to be addressed. The next steps should be to make sure the machine room, car top and elevator pits are clean. The company should provide a checklist and MCP for every elevator system that outlines the expectations. Further, the company should give mechanics enough time to complete the tasks associated with operating a safe and reliable elevator system. If mechanics are given sufficient time to complete maintenance, they also need to have motivation and take pride in their job.

Owners Building owners are the final piece of the equation for successful elevator maintenance. Building owners should hire reputable companies, pay fair prices and take responsibility for their elevator systems. No building owner likes to pay more than market price for elevator maintenance. Typically, building owners are conscious of how much money is budgeted for building maintenance. It is up to elevator contractors to educate them about what they need to do to provide safe and reliable elevator service. There needs to be open communication among building Contractors and owners, contractors and frontline mechanics will elevator mechanics. Contractors and not win with mechanics will not win with building owners who refuse to be reasonable building owners about elevator care. This is where who refuse to be building owners need to take reasonable about responsibility for their elevator systems. If no responsibility is taken, elevator care. we, as contractors and mechanics, will struggle to provide safe and reliable vertical transportation. Over the years, I have grown proud of being part of the elevator industry. It is more than a job to me. As a contractor, it alarms me to hear building owners talk about not seeing their elevator

choose the original

mechanics. It is alarming to hear about mechanics having 6-15 min., four times a year, to maintain an elevator under a full maintenance contract. It is also alarming when we visit buildings and find that building owners are failing to take responsibility with proper elevator maintenance and equipment replacement. I believe all players involved can take measures to improve the safety and reliability of elevators they own or maintain. We all need to work together so our elevators run safely. Craig Zomchek is a business manager at Colley Elevator Co. in Bensenville, Illinois. He is well versed in engineering, electrical construction, electrical code, and OSHA and National Fire Protection Association requirements. He is a QEI, and a licensed elevator inspector in Illinois and Indiana. He is on the Board of Directors at the National Association of Elevator Contractors.

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moving forward October 2016 • ELEVATOR WORLD


Focus on Maintenance

New Safety Enhancement System Nonproprietary alarm system for hoistways

Otis’ AccessAlert alarm is a safety enhancement that can be applied to elevator equipment worldwide. Similar to the seatbelt alarm found in a car, an alarm sounds when anyone enters the hoistway. The alarm continues to sound until it is physically switched off. The alarm also sounds when the car is placed in inspection mode. To silence the alarm, the technician must push the silence button at the same time as the inspection station button. This places the technician in a safe position during movement. The alarm is meant to be heard only in the hoistway, so it won’t disrupt the rest of the building’s occupants. It can be installed on any elevator, including non-Otis products, and meets current U.S. and Canadian elevator safety codes. The top-of-car device is powered off of the existing 110-V lighting, while the pit device operates off of its own 6-V battery. Joe Dragich, vice president, field operations, Otis Americas, added: “AccessAlert is going to make a significant impact on the entire elevator industry. There are times that people get caught up with everything and forget to take each and every safety precaution. AccessAlert is here to remind us to do the most important thing: make sure we keep ourselves safe. The program has been a collaboration of all facets of the organization, and the field has had a lot of say in what this product is and what it can do. The result has been practical and simple, and it will make an immediate and lasting impact on employees’ safety throughout the industry.â€? đ&#x;Œ?đ&#x;Œ?

58 • October 2016

AccessAlert operates independent of the control system.

Focus on Maintenance

Remote Monitoring for All What it means for the elevator industry as remote monitoring and maintenance penetrate every human activity

by Luc Rivet, EW Correspondent Nowadays, cars ask their drivers to go for visits to the garage. The car tells you what it wants and even sometimes informs the garage. Some of us might need a pacemaker at some point, but the little electronic insert will not tell you if it detects an anomaly in your heartbeat. No, it will call your surgeon’s cell phone straightaway. Tomorrow, your kitchen “robots” and machines will do the same and will “intelligently” interact to explain their maintenance needs. Remote monitoring and even maintenance is penetrating every human activity. And the elevator sector? Most majors have devised a remote-monitoring system (Otis Elite or thyssenkrupp MAX, for example), but they have jealously guarded it against competition. The software is proprietary and usually only applies to the (newest generation of ) elevators of that particular brand. Typically, in the European market, a large company has some 20% of the elevators installed, and among these, only 5% are of the latest generation that can be equipped with the proprietary remotemonitoring system of the brand. That is very little. They offer the remote-monitoring system Leading elevator brand: market share 20%

New generation


Typical customer portfolio: the red and green sections represent the share of the dominant company in that market.

Old elevators 15%

How LiftLog works

to their customers, but the price tag is, of course, higher than that for conventional maintenance contracts; so, the remote solution never really took off in the industrial sector, which is — let’s admit it — quite conservative. Not so anymore. A small Belgian startup, Remote Quality Monitoring (RQM), launched by elevator professional Lars Odlen, has developed an intelligent “box” called “LiftLog.” The product relays a series of electric indicators for an elevator to a server in the cloud and delivers data on the performance of that particular lift over time. The system is not intrusive and is approved by the TÜV SÜD. It is positioned in the shaft or the machine room in the vicinity of the controller. Odlen, an engineer who spent most of his career at KONE and M2M Telematics, explained: “It is amazing what rock-hard conclusions you can obtain with a few parameters taken on a functioning lift. No more discussions and bickering between owners and maintenance companies over breakdowns, especially intermittent failures and stoppages, or the time Continued

60 • October 2016



spent by the maintenance technicians on the elevator during their regular visits. The monitoring facilitates the analysis of the failures by the professionals. The idea is that — as for a plane — a lift may never fail. We measure effectively — to the minute — the quality of service for every elevator. . . .” Peter Coopman, the former owner of Coopman Lifts NV, the Belgian elevator firm, sold his company to the Spanish firm Orona a few years ago and felt like investing in a clever and promising project in the elevator industry. For him, RQM has the right potential: “. . . we collect data, freshened up every few minutes, which are invaluable for the large building owners, who often have hundreds of lifts under management in the buildings that they own and/or administrate. They are not elevator specialists. They have a lot of things to follow, from heating and air-conditioning to all the building services, and want their elevators to function without a hitch. They want to forget about them! The problem until now is that they have had all types and brands of elevators installed over the years. They want the same system to follow all elevators. That is the great advantage of RQM’s discreet little box, LiftLog, and the services it provides.” RQM has already installed a few hundred LiftLogs in Belgian cities. Customers include major insurance companies, banks and large building-management firms. A few initial surprising conclusions have appeared after one year of functioning, such as: ♦ Only 5% of elevators have zero annual breakdowns. Twentytwo percent of elevators break down five to 10 times per year, and 25% break down 10-30 times annually. ♦ Twenty percent of maintenance visits take less than 20 min., and 56% take less than 1 hr. ♦ LiftLog has detected that on many banks of elevators with six or more units, one or two elevators are idle. The bigger the group, the less likely it is to detect an unused elevator as traffic is taken care of by remaining units in service. ♦ Elevators in Europe should conform to EN 81:28 (compulsory two-way communication system), but 6% have no working phone line, and 41% do not perform the mandatory test alarms. For all lifts (old and new), 40% have no functioning phone. The norm indicates the elevator must send a compulsory alarm signal every 72 hr. indicating the two-way communication system functions. The revised EN 81-28 is sharpening requirements on indications, battery supervision and lift identification. It gives guidelines on how Notified Bodies inspectors should test the emergency phones. In practice, the phones are not tested. It is a legal obligation, but, obviously, there is a lot to improve. In social housing, LiftLog helps identify the reasons behind stoppages and their timing. Managers know that some 20% of their elevators are problem units, because of vandalism, use of the Continued

62 • October 2016

A lift’s average yearly downtime

Average number of out-of-service periods per year

Uptime rates for a bank of elevators

An overview of the downtime of a lift

LiftLog Report Content Per Unit ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦

Per Bank of Lifts

Number of trips per time unit (day, week) Timeline: trips per day (based on a week) Total number of trips/identical previous period Number of doors’ opening Out-of-order total time (month, quarter, year) Out-of-order number of incidents (month, quarter, year) Delay time of arriving technician/incident announcement Total time presence technician Maintenance-visit total time spent Number of maintenance visits/period Repair total time of presence

♦ Average number of trips for the bank of lifts ♦ Discrepancies between lifts/parallel reports (traffic, incidents, visits, etc.) ♦ Identification of problem units (quadrant) ♦ Maintenance visit average time/lift ♦ Cascading or not between lifts in the bank and modification (quarter, year, etc.) ♦ Travel delay during peak hour if a lift(s) is (are) out of order

For All Lifts Followed by Remote Quality Monitoring (Can Be Different Buildings with Same Manager) ♦ Discrepancies between comparable lifts (including traffic, maintenance visits, callouts and repair visits) ♦ Comparison by categories (including load, speed and type)

Data on the length of maintenance visits A lift’s activity based on door movement

Data on the number of calls on a phone line

64 • October 2016

elevator shaft for illegal purposes (such as hiding drugs), etc. Owners and building managers can also be very precise in answering tenants who complain “of having been stuck in the elevator for 2 hr.â€? when, actually, they were trapped for only minutes. Maintenance companies are, of course, a little suspicious about LiftLog, the little “spy.â€? The LiftLog can, for example, detect if the elevator technician has stayed for only 5 min. during a maintenance visit. But, several large maintenance operators are interested in LiftLog the possibility of better controlling their business. Intermittent failures are a pain and can be very difficult to correct. LiftLog helps greatly, whether for doors or the elevator itself. Transparency is a good argument to persuade the building manager to sign a new contract. Preventive maintenance and performance contracts are greatly helped by the indisputable data collected by LiftLog on any elevator. The product can introduce virtuous “performance contractsâ€? to replace frequent “signature visits.â€? The customer is then sure LiftLog installed of paying for the uptime (not visits) of an elevator. A small enterprise such as RQM could play the role of the butterfly in chaos theory. The behavior of a dynamical system such as the functioning of the elevator market can be highly sensitive to initial conditions (the “butterfly effectâ€?). The systematic collection of electronic data can yield outcomes that could change such a dynamical system and give a larger share of real decision-making to building owners and managers in the future. đ&#x;Œ?đ&#x;Œ?

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October 2016 • ELEVATOR WORLD


Focus on Maintenance

Modernize DC Gearless Motors: Do It Right and Reap the Rewards Three ways modernization reduces operation expenses for DC motors by Jeff Collins and Donald Vollrath As urban populations continue to grow, more and more Americans either live or work in high-rise buildings — defined as buildings 100 m in height or taller. These buildings, most of which were constructed before 2000, primarily have elevators operated by gearless DC machines. When people encounter a problem with their DC machine, their first thought is to replace the motor — an expensive undertaking. But DC-powered elevator systems, despite already functioning from between 30 and 70 years, can provide decades of additional service if properly maintained. Repairing or rebuilding your DC machine offers substantial cost savings when compared to a complete AC motor replacement, and, by modernizing your DC drive’s technology, you can also significantly reduce energy costs for the building. Selecting the right drive and refurbishing the existing DC motor correctly can set you and your customer up for tens of thousands of dollars in savings.

Life Expectancy There are three ways elevator modernization proves to be more cost effective than motor replacement. The first way lies in the DC motor itself. When basic maintenance is properly performed, a well-made DC machine can have a lifespan of 100 years or more. AC motors have a much shorter lifespan — generally, in the range of 15-20 years. In the lifespan of a single wellmaintained DC motor, an AC motor will have had to be replaced five, six or even seven times.

Upfront Costs This brings us to the second way in which modernization is a smarter option than

66 • October 2016

replacement: upfront costs. The cost to replace a DC motor with an AC motor is US$20,00085,000. Many variables can affect that cost, including DC machine breakdown and removal, the size of a compatible AC motor, installation of the motor, hoisting requirements, requisite building work and more. AC motor systems installed in 1999 in advance of updated code regulations might have already needed to be replaced, and they can be expected to need replacing a number of times. On the other hand, if a reputable refurbishment firm had performed elevator-modernization procedures on similar systems, each job would have cost US$3,000-10,000. Pricing variables in a refurbishment or modernization scenario include part cleaning, part refurbishment and part replacement, as well as the additional installation of modernization technology.

Energy Savings Finally, there is the consideration of energy savings. Refurbishing an existing DC elevator motor and fitting a modern drive system, instead of replacing an entire system, eliminates expensive costs of equipment removal, producing, shipping and installing a new system. Improved ride performance and control is an added bonus. Installation of regenerative drives will save money in energy costs by capturing the energy and returning it to the grid. By not discarding your old machine, you may also qualify for Leadership in Energy & Environmental Design or Building Research Establishment Environmental Assessment Method credits and ENERGY STAR® points. A standard geared AC motor operating an elevator weighing 2,200 lb. along 13 floors at 500

fpm 301,000 times a year consumes an average of roughly 13,000 kWh. By contrast, a fully refurbished and modernized DC motor operating an elevator within the same parameters consumes an average of only about 6,000 kWh. This greatly lowered power consumption represents a reduction of more than 50%[1] when compared to a standard AC motor and falls at a level comparable to the power consumption of advanced AC permanent-magnet motors, all for an upfront cost far lower than that of an AC motor replacement. Part of a proper modernization plan includes the installation of a DC drive, such as the Quattro DC from Magnetek, which plays a large role in the reduction of power consumption and ability to effectively return energy to the grid.

Calculate Your Savings Online energy-savings calculators estimate the electrical consumption of existing elevator equipment and immediately compare results to those of other motor and motor/drive combinations. Based on the operating characteristics of the elevators in your building, a quantitative comparison can then be drawn to determine how energy savings apply to your project. Many utility companies offer energy-saving rebate programs for reduced peak and average power demand and for clean harmonics. Evaluating the savings for elevator-modernization projects as part of a plan is helpful, as most utility companies will not allow application for these credits once the project has been completed (or even started). Studies have shown DC regenerative drives can: ♦ Achieve 25% energy savings over DC silicon-controlled-rectifier (SCR) drives ♦ Reduce by 45% the energy consumption over using motorgenerator (MG) sets

♦ Save 42% compared to non-regenerative AC drives.

How It’s Done When regenerative DC drives are utilized, gravity and the high efficiency of the modern drives are allowed to help recover and reuse electrical power that would normally be lost during elevator operation. Elevators consume energy to move a loaded elevator car but then generate energy in the opposite direction as the car stops. Rather than simply losing this energy as heat through resistors, technology incorporated into modern DC drives efficiently captures this energy to return it to the building power grid for use in other key facility processes, such as lighting; heating, ventilation and air-conditioning; and additional electrical systems. This slows the total power consumption of the building to provide energy cost savings nearly half of the time an elevator runs.

The Good, the Bad and the Truth about DC Gearless Machines DC gearless machines can run for, literally, 100 years. Your authors have seen many motors in the shop from the early part of the 1900s and returned them back into service, never to hear from them again. New motors are truly “not made like they used to be.” However, DC gearless machines can run right up to the point of failure with very little warning. Machine surveys should be conducted prior to any modernization work and provided on a non-prejudicial basis to the incumbent, since the information provided from a survey cannot be taken while machines are in operation, and machine monitoring is generally not employed during the active cycle for a machine in operation. Additionally, a DC armature may fail without warning, and an armature can run with very low resistance values without Continued

October 2016 • ELEVATOR WORLD


New motors are truly “not made like they used to be.” However, DC gearless machines can run right up to the point of failure with very little warning.

obviously affecting the operation of the machine. Armature rewinds are very costly, but if done properly, can restore the machine to a condition even better than new. Once the armatures are put onto new drive technology from the old MG set, it becomes subject to harsh conditions that were never present or foreseen during their original design many years ago. It is, therefore, recommended to get maximum life out of a gearless machine modernization that the armature be rewound from Class B insulation to Class H insulation (Table 1). Alternatively, allow for excellent airflow and additional cooling in the machine room if possible. This will help the armature and field coils handle the higher operating temperatures and voltage fluctuations caused by the new DC drive technology.

modernization is effectively caused by stray electrical currents flowing intermittently through the bearings. Luckily, there is a solution for this problem, such as common mode chokes. Common mode chokes may also reduce stray currents flowing through the equipment grounding system that often cause bad encoder counts or other sensor/communication issues sensitive to electronic interference. Another common element of newer modernization packages is that they generally require a reliable source of utility voltage. A power survey conducted in advance of a job may highlight any voltage fluctuations in the building’s power that will impact the operation of the new elevator control system. Most controllers have maximum and minimum power input requirements for optimum operation. Fluctuations in the voltage to the controller can adversely affect the operation of what would otherwise be a flawless mod. The best modern controllers have an ability to handle a nominal amount of voltage sag without creating undue harmonics on utility lines.

Putting a Plan in Place Insulation Class

Temperature Rating

Class A


Class B


Class F


Class H


Table 1

To achieve maximum life from field coils, it is recommended to rewind the coils with a proper shape-control and tension-control winding machine using Class H insulation and tape. Generally speaking, insulation life doubles for every 10°C of unused insulation temperature capability. For example, if a motor is designed to run with a total temperature of 110°C (including ambient, rise and hotspot allowance) and is built with a Class B (130°C) insulation system, there is an unused capacity of 20°C. This excess margin increases the expected motor insulation life from 20,000 to 80,000 hr. However, for every 10°C above the insulation rating, the motor’s life is reduced by half.

The Ugly Little Secrets — Avoiding Pitfalls DC gearless armatures, field coils, interpoles and brake coils were generally designed with Class B insulation and originally intended to be run from MG sets to provide the DC voltage to regulate speed and other functions. Modernization packages have included SCR controls and, more recently, insulated-gate bipolar transistor controls for DC motor-speed regulation. While these controls come with many benefits, the old adage “you don’t get something for nothing” comes into play. In the case of DC drive technology, the old steady DC signal that was once sent by the generator is now replaced with a DC signal generated by “voltage chopping” an AC signal. This chopping creates sharp on-and-off voltage transitions that stress insulation systems and may cause unwanted current to flow through motor bearings. Either more bearing failures or blackened grease in motors after

A well-laid-out modernization survey forms the basis for any mod to go well. The form needs to be complete to ensure success. Many of the issues that arise after a modernization is commissioned can generally be traced back to incomplete or incorrect information on this survey. All of the controller and motor manufacturers that deal with the elevator trade have very good surveys that include most — if not all — of the information required for a successful job.

Motor Evaluation In any modernization, the motors should be evaluated in accordance with the American National Standards Institute (ANSI) and Electrical Apparatus Service Association (EASA) standards. These standards are outlined in ANSI/EASA Standard AR100-2015 and should be performed by a competent motor shop with experience with DC gearless machines and their operation in elevator applications. Generally, a good machine survey should include the following.

Identification of the Motor and Control System Identify the motor, noting all parameters and any limitations that may affect compatibility with the new control systems.

Condition Assessment and Inspection An inspection of the machine should be performed, making note of: ♦ Armature, field coil, interpole and brake coil insulation condition ♦ Commutator condition and commutation ♦ Brush and brush rigging condition ♦ Bearing and lubrication condition ♦ Brake condition (pad, drum/disk, bushings and pins, and linkage) ♦ Air gap ♦ Fitment and mechanical integrity (shaft, shaft run-out, laminations and sheave) Continued

68 • October 2016

Testing The following tests should be performed: ♦ Low-voltage electrical testing should be conducted prior to cleaning or repair to indicate suitability of continued operation and quickly locate areas where repair is necessary. ♦ Low-voltage insulation resistance should measure greater than 2 megohms at 500 VAC/VDC. Insulation-resistance (IR) tests should be performed with acceptable results before the high-potential (HP) tests. ♦ HP surge tests should only be applied after a machine has been cleaned and dried, and the IR tests are acceptable. Due to the stress placed on the insulation, HP tests may not be advisable during an initial machine survey, and repeated tests are not advised. ♦ Brush rigging IR tests: the condition of the brushes should be noted to determine if brush grade is compatible with the machine-room environment and machine. ♦ Brake coil insulation resistance tests and winding resistance tests ♦ Armature winding tests on the insulation of the armature should be performed to determine the resistance is acceptable. In addition, one or more of the following tests should be performed: growler, winding surge test and/or bar-to-bar resistance test. ♦ Field coils and interpoles insulation resistance test and one or more of the following tests: winding resistance, winding surge test, AC voltage-drop test and/or impedance test

Once all tests have been completed, the results of the winding analysis should be reviewed to determine the best course of action, in particular for the armature. Field coils are easily replaced and readily available; however, armatures need a plan, answering the following questions: ♦ Will they be done onsite or in a shop? ♦ How many will require rewinding, and will that be done onsite or in a shop? (The best cleaning possible will be in a shop, but is that practical?)

Cleaning Many elevators are not capable of handling the weight of the armature being loaded into the car to have it sent out for cleaning, so, in those cases, onsite cleaning or rewinding is the only option. Environmental controls, such as noise, airborne dust control and odor controls, need to be considered in this cleaning plan. All windings and parts should be cleaned of carbon dust, grit, grease and oil, and cleaning-agent residue must be removed.

Repair (as Necessary) Electrical repairs and rewinding of the components failing electrical tests (as described in the “Testing” section above) should undergo further evaluation as outlined in AR100, Section 4, and repaired as necessary or rewound per guidelines of AR100, Section 3. Attention should be given to: ♦ Commutator machining, undercut and beveling ♦ Brush holders and rigging insulation resistance, “quartering,” seating and setting of the machine neutral

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70 • October 2016

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Electrical insulation tests should be repeated after repairs are made to verify insulation quality. Mechanical repairs, including shafts, bearings and seals, lubrication, laminated cores, balancing, and air gaps should be performed in accordance with AR100, Section 2 and OEM specifications.

Dynamic Testing Upon completion of modernization and prior to returning the elevator to service, a system dynamic test should be conducted to ensure the motor is operating within its optimal performance Continued

Before After Proper turn andLiberty undercut 6x4 service performed onsite should yield like-new results. The photo at 2:48 right includes a washed-out armature, insulation paint, a rebuilt Color AD REVISED_2011-2012.pdf 1 4/23/15 PM brush gear, a smooth commutator and new brushes.




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October 2016 • ELEVATOR WORLD


parameters as produced by drive, controller and system loads. Armature voltage and current readings should be measured under maximum load conditions. Field voltage and current should be measured at standing, forcing and full speed. Temperature of the fields, armature, interpoles, and brake coil and bearings should be measured.


Field coils should be made with particular attention to proper shape and tension control to provide optimum service life and fitment. Here, field coils being manufactured prior to tape and varnish.

Setting expectations up front and executing a plan will make modernizations run far smoother and have these beautiful older DC machines running even better than new. Achieving results that meet or exceed the customer’s expectations will ensure more work where the plan can be refined and become part of the normal course of action, making this work profitable for everyone. Customers benefit from modern controllers that capture lost power returning energy to the grid, while rebuilding the old motors keeps equipment that operates like new or better and will last for many more decades from the landfill. Modernization saves everyone time, effort and money. Properly refurbishing the existing DC motor, selecting the best controller and protecting the motor are easily achieved, benefitting all parties in the modernization.

Reference [1] Magnetek, “Planning a Successful Quattro DC Drive Installation” (www. Quattro%20DC%20Installation%20Brochure-flip.ashx).

Jeff Collins is a partner at Renown Electric Motors & Repair Inc. in Toronto. He has worked in automation since 1985, specializing in computercontrolled automated systems, and spends the majority of his time in business development. Renown has been servicing the industry for 30 years, working with both the major OEMs and independent contractors. The company provides motor and generator repairs and rewinds, full machine-shop services, field services for turn and undercut, and new and remanufactured motors, MG sets, parts and machines. These field coils were still working and literally fell apart once touched.

Donald Vollrath is a principal engineer of the Elevator Drives group of Magnetek, Inc., based in Menomonee Falls, Wisconsin. He has a BS in Electrical Engineering from The University of Illinois with more than 45 years of experience developing AC and DC motor drives and controls. Vollrath has worked most recently toward perfecting motor drive equipment for elevators and educating others about that industry.

72 • October 2016

Focus on Maintenance

Results of a Field Trial Aiming at Demonstrating the Permanent Detection of Elevator Wear Using Intelligent Sensors New concepts and strategies in data acquisition and analysis for elevators by Tim Ebeling and Martin Hauk

This paper was presented at Madrid 2016, the International Congress on Vertical Transportation Technologies, and first published in IAEE book Elevator Technology 21, edited by A. Lustig. It is a reprint with permission from the International Association of Elevator Engineers (website: Condition-monitoring systems for elevators going beyond a mere display of stored faults or counter readings are hard to find on the lift market. Yet, only a few sensors are needed for the monitoring of significant components of a lift system to ensure wear is detected at an early stage and appropriate servicing recommendations are automatically generated. As such, predictive maintenance of elevators, which saves a lot of resources and time, is possible. Nevertheless, it warrants a high availability of the lift system. Within the context of a field trial, several lift systems in Germany have been equipped with vibration and/or acceleration sensors, load sensors and a special electronic assessment system that evaluates every single elevator ride using intelligent algorithms permitting the wear of individual component groups to be detected.

Introduction The concept of a condition-monitoring system for lifts was introduced in 2012 at Elevcon USA by one of your authors. It allowed the implementation of a predictive-maintenance strategy with fewer sensors. In contrast with other condition-monitoring systems already

74 • October 2016

WEARwatcher provides continuous monitoring, which measures and monitors constantly, in real time, the physical parameters of the elevator. used in the industry, not one sensor will be used to monitor the components used in the present system for lifts. This will be managed mainly by vibration and acceleration sensors. This reduction of sensors is possible because of an analysis of the data directly at the lift installation. The knowhow from many years regarding acceleration and load sensors directly influences the evaluation algorithms. For example, this makes it possible that conclusions about the state of the drive or gearbox can be drawn from vibration data measured on the car. The 2012 concept has since entered its maturity phase (in late 2015) as a standalone system named WEARwatcher. It provides continuous monitoring, which measures and monitors constantly, in real time, the physical parameters of the elevator. Thereby, the system is able to detect long-term trends, as well as abrupt or transient state changes. Downstream state comparisons and diagnostic algorithms can revert to a large amount of data and generate maintenance recommendations. In this article, the structure and operation of this system and the first findings from the continuous use of it will be displayed.

Predictive Maintenance The use of this condition-monitoring system allows carrying out predictive maintenance. The system can detect problems of components before influencing the system status. It contributes an improvement of reliability based on efficient predictions of defects (and resulting avoidance). It minimizes the downtime based on an integrated planning of repairs, maximizes the life of the components by avoiding life-shortening conditions and contributes to cost savings by an almost complete utilization of the wear reserve of the components.

Monitoring System Data Acquisition WEARwatcher is a maintenance-free standalone device. It basically consists of two components: the motherboard, called the Cape, and the Beaglebone computing unit.

Cape and Acceleration Sensor The Cape takes the measurement data recording and communication via various interfaces. With the integrated three-axis acceleration sensor, acceleration data in the X, Y and Z directions is taken and pre-evaluated. “Pre-evaluated” means that the acceleration data is filtered and cut down to a sample rate of 200 Hz, marked with a unique timestamp with some status information attached (e.g., the state of the input/output ports with external sensors connected).

evaluate the driving conditions of the elevator in real time. The system is battery buffered and processes a controlled shutdown in the event of a power failure to prevent loss of data.

Load Measurement The current weight of the elevator car is an important factor, which has to be recorded with every trip. It has an essential influence on the vibration parameters taken by the WEARwatcher monitoring device. To record the current weight of the elevator, an external load measurement has to be connected to the monitoring device. Ideally, this connection is realized via the integrated CANopen interface, either directly as a one-to-one connection or on the CANopen bus of the lift system. A possible load-measurement device is the RC series by Henning GmbH & Co. KG, called “Donut,” with the appropriate evaluation unit. The load sensors are installed directly at the hitch point and are able to measure absolute weights at each rope or belt.

Data Handling Software Concept The software on the Beaglebone is an application in which several processes run simultaneously, a “multi-threading” application (Figure 2).

Beaglebone The real heart of the WEARwatcher, a Beaglebone single-board computer, processes the acceleration data, stores it and returns it to the Cape for communication to the outside world. The Beaglebone single-board computer is a very powerful Linux-based computer with a variety of interfaces, which makes it possible to

Figure 2: Software concept

The process of the measurement data acquisition reads the acceleration data from the Cape and stores it temporarily in a ring buffer. The indices of driving states and the acceleration data are stored in a Structured Query Language (SQL) database. Up to here, everything takes place in real time. The third process is the most complex and computationally intensive. It reads the ride indices and the acceleration data back out of the SQL database and evaluates them. Among other things in this process, evaluations based on ISO 18738 (ride quality) and further analyses, such as frequency analyses, are performed. The results of these evaluations flow back into the database. The fourth process analyzes the evaluations statistically and detects abnormalities and defects. Those are then transmitted to the outside world (e.g., to a control center or into cloud storage).

Data Reduction

Figure 1: RC load-measurement device “Donut”

From each ride, more than 100 characteristic values were collected, which, after a few weeks and several hundred rides per Continued

October 2016 • ELEVATOR WORLD


to read measurement data and alarm messages with any controller unit or infrastructure connected to it. These interfaces are, in detail, an RS232 or RS485, an Ethernet connection, and a CANopen interface according to the CAN in Automation lift standard.

Cloud Infrastructure

Figure 3: Data reduction

day, culminated in a huge amount of data. Therefore, statistical methods were used to reduce the amount of data, these methods being selected to allow not only trend developments, but also sporadic events to be detected in the reduced data volume. In addition to this, several dimensions of data were collected to be able to reflect relationships, for example, between load conditions and vibration values.

Data Visualization Interfaces Different interfaces are available at the WEARwatcher monitoring device. The communication via these interfaces is possible with a telegram standard, disclosed to the customer. It offers the possibility to configure the monitoring device, as well as

One possibility of data storage is the use of a cloud server infrastructure. The data retrieved from the WEARwatcher monitoring device are cyclically transmitted via a mobile Global System for Mobile Communications connection and the Internet to a cloud server. This cloud server is a central, Internet-accessible data server for managing and linking various monitoring devices. The cloud server is linked to a web server that provides a web-based portal for visualization and configuration of lifts. Each user can access this portal via a web-enabled device by the use of a web browser of its choice, regardless if it is accessed by a PC, laptop, tablet or smartphone. This cloud server can be used in two different ways. First, just as data storage of the data described in the heading “Data Reduction” above: this data can be visualized with different graph views and exported in various formats. Second, as a complete lift maintenance management system, including the functionality from above with the following additions: ♦ Reading and handling alarm messages and priority ♦ Sending out messages via short message service or e-mail, according to the collected alarms ♦ Statistics about alarm messages ♦ Statistics about the availability of a single lift ♦ Statistics over the lifecycle of components

Data Evaluation Evaluation Strategy

Figure 4: WEARwatcher Web Portal

76 • October 2016

As the system determines more than 100 parameters per elevator ride, divided in ride segments and load classes, there will be, for example, in the case of an elevator with 10 stops, more than 8,000 data points per day, which are evaluated over a period of several months in order to detect the wear on the components. With this amount of data, it is obvious that a conventional assessment beyond the limit values is not productive, as there are no references for the limit values, and a human user would have to adjust more than 8,000 limit values. Furthermore, these limit values would have to be individually adjusted for each elevator system, as even structurally identical systems deliver different parameters, depending on the quality of the installation. This system, therefore, uses a different assessment strategy in which data is subjected to a “trend analysis.” In the process, algorithms do not check against absolute limit values, but examine the curve of each parameter for abnormalities. This is done with methods of classical curve discussion, which are supplemented by statistic and stochastic functions. These analyses already occur in the WearWatcher system (i.e., in the elevator system itself ). The resulting maintenance recommendations and alarms are subsequently sent to the outside world via the interfaces of the system. However, at the same time,

the analyzed parameters are also available for upstream systems, where they can be visualized and processed, if necessary.

Component Allocation With the analysis of the acceleration data in real time, it is possible for the system to allocate the recorded parameters directly to a drive situation of the elevator. In connection with elementary information regarding the elevator, such as the rope suspension, sheave diameter, type of track, etc., it is possible to allocate signal peculiarities to component groups with the information — in individual cases, even the allocation to an individual component. The system divides into component groups, cabin door, shaft door, drive system and, if applicable, transmission, ropes and tracks.

Report Classification A classification of the recognized problem is conducted as soon as the analysis algorithms have detected an abnormality in the signal path and the component allocation has occurred. In the process, the algorithms, based on a knowledge database, determine the probable cause of the defect and allocate a priority and an error code to the report, which can be used in the upstream systems to chronologically schedule the deployment of a service technician and provide the necessary spare parts.

Results of the Field Trial The results of the field trial are based on measurements on cable lifts. Hydraulic lifts are planned to be tested in one of the next steps. The trial was designed as a combination of observing and documenting saliences and failures of the lift system by the maintenance staff and a comparison to the recorded data. Basically, the intermittent result of the field trial is very promising. Most of the failures reported and documented by the maintenance staff could be found as a special characteristic in the recorded data. Vice versa, alarms raised by the monitoring device could be confirmed by the maintenance staff on site. The number of false alarms could be eliminated step by step by adjusting the monitoring and evaluation parameters. A more detailed classifying of alarms and development of new alarm rules contribute to a reduction, as well. There is still a lot of potential of a much more detailed evaluation of components by refining the existing algorithms and developing new ones. The field test Figure 5: Frequency Analysis Constant Travel will continue and be

Predictive maintenance is the key for the future of elevator maintenance in order to efficiently ensure the safety and function of elevators. extended to other lift systems to get even more experience to more precisely predict the necessary maintenance.

Example The example below is surely not applicable for modern, gearless elevators, as it refers to a worm drive. Yet, it still clearly indicates the possibilities of the system. One of the most powerful tools for predictive maintenance is frequency analysis, which is applied during the constant ride of the elevator, as well as in the door movements as one of the analysis functions for the parameter generation. Over the course of the necessary data compression, the resolution of the frequencies is reduced during the transfer to upstream systems, resulting in a visualization of the frequency analysis of all rides during a period in 10-Hz frequency blocks. Figure 5 shows that most amplitudes of the examined frequencies throughout the recorded period exhibit only relatively minor fluctuations. As these evaluations occur only during the ride section of the constant ride (i.e., at nominal speed), and as, furthermore, all results of a day are averaged, it is expected. However, one frequency block stands out — namely, the frequencies between 41 and 50. For this block, the amplitudes continue to climb in the illustrated period and were detected and reported by the algorithms for wear detection as wear and tear on October 24. The system is capable of specifying the cause in greater detail. As sheave diameter, and information regarding the transmission and rope/suspension conditions are available in the system as a default setting, and as the speed during the constant ride is measured by the acceleration sensor, the affected component can be precisely isolated with a great degree of accuracy. In this case, it concerns a worm gear with a two-start worm. Per revolution (the revolution can be calculated by the system via the sheave diameter and cabin speed — in this case, 22.8 Hz), this two-start worm generates precisely two “hits” in the transmission if the tolerances between worm and gear wheel no longer fit. The calculated frequency for this fault is, therefore, 45.6 Hz and, thus, appears in the frequency block of 41 to 50 Hz.

Summary The omnipresent cost pressure in the elevator market and the, in part, massive cost reductions for elevator components effected during the past years have to be caught with suitable countermeasures. Here, predictive maintenance is the key for the future of elevator maintenance in order to efficiently ensure the safety and function of elevators. Contrary to many other machines, elevators are not built reproducible, nor are they employed under controlled environmental conditions. Thus, the classic condition monitoring, as is the case for many other industrial applications, is not applicable in case of elevators. Instead, new concepts and


October 2016 • ELEVATOR WORLD


NT SafeRail™

strategies are required in data acquisition and analysis, as they have been implemented in the system upon which this article is based.

Reference [1] T. Ebeling. Optimizing Maintenance and Repair – Cost Reduction by Adopting Intelligent Lift System Sensors,� Elevator Technology 19, A. Lustig (Ed.), p. 258-263 (2012).

Tim Ebeling has been employed since 2003 as head of development with Henning GmbH & Co. KG. In this capacity, he established the R&D center in Braunschweig, Germany. A team of employees is now working there on the development and production of electronic and measurement components for lifts. Since 2012, the author has also been managing director. One of his particular focal points is measurement technology. Especially in this area, the author looks back on many years of experience in the development of acceleration and rope load-measuring systems. The author’s professional goal is to enrich the elevator market with innovative elevator components and oppose the increased cost pressure in the elevator industry through the development of efficient sustainable and labor-saving components.

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Martin Hauk has been employed since January 2015 as software developer with Henning. His responsibility is, among other duties, the development of the WEARwatcher software and its algorithms at the R&D center in Braunschweig. He has 13 years’ experience engineering and developing measurement devices and their appropriate software in the area of laser measurement techniques. During this time, he was involved in the development of some market-leading innovations. His aim is to enhance measurement technology within the lift industry to make maintenance easier, time saving and cost reducing.

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Solutions • Passion • Commitment 78 • October 2016



Focus on Maintenance

Increase Your Elevator’s Lifespan with Preventative Maintenance In this Readers Platform, your author examines an often-undervalued aspect of elevator contracts. by TinaMarie Shea Aging is an inevitable reality. Regular exercise, doctor visits, dental cleanings and routine social interactions contribute to sustainable health and increased quality of life. Just like our health, our homes and vehicles necessitate regular maintenance to ensure they operate properly and retain their value. Overwhelming testaments to the value of preventative maintenance are prevalent. Why, then, is preventative maintenance an often undervalued aspect of elevator contracts? Preventative maintenance ensures a longer lifespan. This notion is increasingly applicable to one of the most expensive investments a building owner can make. Regular and quality preventative maintenance by experienced mechanics is an opportune way to protect your vertical-transportation investment. Preventative maintenance can affect the safety and livelihood of building owners and managers, elevator mechanics, the riding public and the environment.

Building Ownership/Management A safe and efficient working environment is a collaborative responsibility shared by building owners, mechanics and the elevator service provider. By following these simple steps, building owners can ensure public safety and adhere to building code. ♦ Provide a well-lit elevator motor room (EMR). Not only does code require this, but a properly lit motor room assists the mechanics servicing your elevator equipment. This ensures that they can safely and effectively maintain your equipment. ♦ The EMR should be free of obstructions. It may be tempting to store your holiday decorations

80 • October 2016

and cleaning supplies in the EMR, but this area is strictly reserved for elevator equipment. Improper use of this room can result in damage to the equipment or impair a mechanic’s safety. To ensure code compliance, be sure to store only elevatorrelated equipment in the room. ♦ Properly maintain access points to elevator equipment. It is vital to properly maintain and secure a building’s stairs and ladders and to keep the floors clean and pathways free of debris. This includes common building areas and/or tenant property. ♦ Continuing education. Code updates, equipment innovations and evolving technology stress the importance of continuing education. A well-informed owner and management team only aids in the vertical-transportation partnership. Many contractors offer continuing-education courses for their customers throughout the year and tailor them to your needs. These include information on fire-service training, code updates and management/owner elevator safety tips. Organizations such as Building Owners and Managers Association International will review these programs and consider them for Continuing Professional Development credits. Consider providing and attending continuing-educational programs in an effort to stay on the forefront of emerging technology.

Field Mechanics Our International Union of Elevator Constructors Local No. 1 and 5 mechanics are trained through the National Elevator Industry, Inc. (NEII®) educational program and have a

A safe and efficient working environment is a collaborative responsibility shared by building owners, mechanics and the elevator service provider. minimum of five years’ hands-on experience as apprentices. They regularly meet to address safety concerns and maintenance procedures and are an integral component to a successful maintenance program. ♦ Proper maintenance provides a dual benefit to the vendor and customer. A diligent mechanic naturally reduces the amount of intermittent trouble calls. Regular maintenance reduces call-backs by acting preventatively, rather than reactively. By periodically examining, cleaning and lubricating the equipment, a mechanic is more apt to discover potential equipment failures and propose solutions before a problematic situation arises. It is recommended to spend a generous amount of time with the equipment upon assuming a new contract so the mechanic can highlight and communicate any potential problem areas. This awareness assists in capital planning. Managers and owners can plan their budgets accordingly to account for potential costly repairs. The cyclical nature of this process allows the mechanic to spend more time effectively maintaining the equipment, rather than simply responding to trouble calls. In turn, equipment life can be extended, proving to be a more valuable investment to the customer. ♦ A dedicated mechanic is integral to a successful program. Regular service with a dedicated mechanic allows him or her to become familiar with the traffic patterns, population and culture of each building. The mechanic becomes familiar with the building’s needs and is able to tailor preventative maintenance to best accommodate them and provide maximum equipment efficiency. ♦ Proper maintenance provides a safer working environment and fewer shutdowns. Regular maintenance provides a safer working environment

for both the mechanic and building occupants. Proper attention to potential safety deficiencies can help avoid unsafe riding conditions for passengers and provides a safer working environment for mechanics.

Environment ♦ Proper maintenance prevents carbondust buildup. Carbon dust can be aggravating to sensitive elevator components, causing them to function improperly. Proper maintenance entails regular cleaning of carbon dust and periodically vacuuming the generator to remove carbon-dust buildup. ♦ Prevents oil leakage into the ground. Hydraulic elevators with leaky pistons run the risk of potentially penetrating the ground’s surface, causing harmful effects to the environment. It is important to check an elevator’s oil level on a regular basis. You can replace hydraulic system components as a necessary or precautionary measure. ♦ Promotes energy efficiency. Energyefficient upgrades, such as soft starts for hydraulic elevators and regenerative drives for traction elevators, can aid in energy conservation. Soft starts help use power more efficiently and reduce power spikes that can cause poor operation. Regenerative drives are useful for traction applications and return unused excess power back to the power grid. Preventative maintenance is proven to benefit building owners and managers, elevator companies, the riding public and the environment. If you have verticaltransportation needs, adherence to a conscientious, preventative-maintenance program is fundamental to increasing your elevator’s lifespan.

Solutions that keep you moving. Your system provider for the lift industry. ■

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External operation management systems incorporating building management technology

TinaMarie Shea is Marketing director at Liberty Elevator Corp.

October 2016 • ELEVATOR WORLD Anz_11_elevator-world_bopa_image_58x247_EN.indd 1


01.09.2016 10:07:02

Focus on Maintenance

Top Tips for Lift Maintenance Five points to inform facilities managers and owners, particularly in the U.K.

by John Roberts The lift industry famously takes health and safety very seriously, which explains why lifts are the unheralded but undoubtably safest form of mechanical transportation. Best practice and the key to perfecting lift maintenance are planned regular servicing to maintain safety standards, prolong the life of elevators and reduce downtime.

Keep Up with Regulations Lift rules and regulations are continually evolving to improve the lift industry and its maintenance practices. The strict but effective guidelines allow facilities managers to maintain safe lift systems across the U.K., It is important that adhering to not only current protocol, but also new and a facilities manager developing standards. Two new pieces of legislation, EN 81–20 and is able to rely on 81–50, that will become effective in the lift service September 2017, will drastically increase elevator safety for provider and trust passengers and service personnel. it implicitly. Lifts installed after this time will require features such as improved strength and durability of car walls, roofs and doors, higher requirements for fire resistance of car interiors and mandatory elevator control panels complete with a “Stop” button in the pit. The new standards will further uphold the elevator’s renowned reputation for excellent safety practices.

Be Proactive

As with nearly every aspect of facilities management, one of the most important steps to take in keeping elevators in top condition is to inspect them regularly. Not many people realize that lift maintenance is not mandatory; the only

82 • October 2016

compulsory practice is that an insurance inspector should review a lift system once every six months so the owners are covered legally. This is the bare minimum of work that should be undertaken, but recommended practice is to have a lift system serviced every month. Neglected lifts can result in long delays while waiting for repairs, lead to premature aging, create huge financial expense and, worse still, become a danger to both passengers and service personnel.

Planning Maintenance

Facilities managers should always have a planned preventative maintenance schedule in place with their chosen lift service provider. This takes into account issues such as elevator-system peak times, impossible dates for servicing and so on. A mobilization plan should also be crafted to cover any risk assessments, method statements and health and safety procedures in relation to lift maintenance. The age of a lift system and size of the building are both factors that need to be taken into consideration when planning maintenance, as older systems with more floors to cover may require a more thorough service, which will take more time. Also, the amount of footfall a lift endures may mean the system wears faster, so there will need to be a discussion about the level of predicted lift use with the service provider. It is important that a facilities manager is able to rely on the lift service provider and trust it implicitly. A strong partnership should be made during the planning stage to ensure the contractor will deliver excellent ongoing service and support. Continued

Rise Above

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Modernization Technological advancements in the lift industry are vastly improving health and safety for both passengers and engineers. Facilities managers should embrace fast-changing trends to take advantage of the many benefits. Modernizing a lift system will result in a faster lift with a smoother ride, reduce overall costs and make a lift more reliable and less prone to breakdowns. New thermal-imaging New thermal-imaging technology, for example, technology provides provides engineers with the engineers with the ability to locate, troubleshoot ability to locate, and fix impending issues to prevent costly shutdowns. troubleshoot and fix Furthermore, there are impending issues to several technological developments that can prevent costly drastically reduce a lift shutdowns. system’s energy consumption. It is vital that service providers notify clients of changing environmental legislation and offer advice on product innovation and environmentally efficient technologies during the term of their contract. For lift maintenance specifically, customer-management portals (new online tools growing in popularity with many elevator

servicing companies) offer a bespoke and reliable service, which both reduces downtime and improves communication between clients and servicers. Online systems deliver clients detailed lift-portfolio information, including real-time updates, electronic exchange of orders and proactive maintenance reporting. The booking of engineers for maintenance, viewing of arrival times and specific work undertaken is now easily accessible, allowing facilities managers to plan lift maintenance well in advance and alert people using the lifts.

Provide Education

It goes without saying that, despite a facilities manager’s best efforts, accidents can still occasionally happen. For passengers, a common hazard is being struck by closing lift doors, and, although it is essential to ensure your lift system’s detection system is updated, this type of accident is largely the result of user error — for instance, a passenger may attempt to run for a lift and stick his or her hand or arm between the doors to prevent them from closing. An early education for lift passengers, by providing visible signs and aids detailing lift best practices, is a facilities manager’s best hope for the prevention of accidents such as this. John Roberts is service director at Apex Lifts, one of the largest independent lift manufacturing and servicing companies in London, which holds a royal warrant.







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84 • October 2016

800-220-4046 610-430-2110


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The Palais Garnier is a 1,979-seat opera house, built from 1861 to 1875, in Paris. When a total renovation of a historical wooden elevator was called for, Wittur was asked to provide a new car that, while offering the safety and performance of a modern elevator, would retain the beaux-art style that characterizes the elaborate ornamentation of the interior.

R ead ers Pl atfor m

A M AT T E R O F TA S T E How can the elevator be crafted as a stylish addition to the building?

by Carlo Ferrari


ome elements of building design, such as the elevator, are usually considered from a strictly utilitarian point of view. The elevator must first and foremost provide safe and reliable transportation for the people living and working there. This is why many building designs, although impressive, are not innovative as far as building transportation is concerned. The elevator is treated as a commodity that needs to be provided and not as a design element in and of itself. In the past, the development of elevator systems was focused on providing the highest level of safety for the end user, and, frequently, this meant the adoption of standard solutions in public buildings with a distinct style. Nevertheless, the technological development of the elevator-component industry has removed most structural limitations with which architects of the past had to deal. The elevator system of the 21st century can, therefore, become one of the hallmarks of a particular building design and contribute to the embodiment of the architect’s original vision. Today, the elevator is not always just about moving people; sometimes, it can be a distinctive, iconic feature of the building itself. Aside from its functional ability, it can serve as a focal point of any building, providing a combination of elegant finishes and visibility. It can offer unexplored possibilities to turn architects’ and designers’ ideas into reality.

Safety and New Performance Requirements Elevator safety has continuously improved over the years. By far the safest transportation device, the elevator is the unchallenged champion of safe travel. Having said that, new challenges always arise. Family accessibility is becoming imperative in Western countries. A relaxed travel experience can be achieved by deploying new components engineered for travel comfort, such as roller guide shoes instead of sliding guide shoes. The availability of a new generation of panoramic doors and cars has also been instrumental in changing the general public’s attitude toward elevators.


October 2016 • ELEVATOR WORLD


The new 3,500-seat concert hall in Astana, Kazakhstan, features a 3,000-m2 internal piazza/foyer and three round panoramic elevators equipped with round Wittur Osaka panoramic cars and round Wittur Luna Plus glass doors.

The energy efficiency of buildings has recently become an important feature. By using the latest energy-efficient lift machines combined with state-ofthe-art control systems, the total use of energy per elevator run can be dramatically reduced.

New Projects Require Elevators with a Specific Mood In addition to those required performances, a new generation of architects has started to challenge elevator companies to set a specific “mood� for a project. In their vision, the elevator becomes a place where people come into contact with each other and share the experience of a smooth ride in a specific architectural context. In fact, a panoramic elevator can thrill passengers by providing

88 • October 2016

them with fresh architectural perspectives; riding in an elevator then becomes the preferred way to understand the original vision of the architect. A verticaltransportation system, with all its components, can be designed to integrate seamlessly with the building, respecting its aesthetic qualities and fulfilling any particular architectural requirement or design. Many architects have explored new possibilities and developed these concepts in their work. Here are three main trends that emerge from the diversity of design approaches: 1) Simulate a traditional design with specially developed, modern components. In this case, the elevator looks like an old one but features state-ofthe-art riding comfort and safety. This is a possible

Highlight Towers is a twin-tower office complex completed in 2004 in Munich, Germany. The mechanism support plate was eliminated, and a stainless-steel bar was used instead, to integrate the elevator-door structure with the overall structure of the buildings.

A panoramic elevator can thrill passengers by providing them with fresh architectural perspectives; riding in an elevator then becomes the preferred way to understand the original vision of the architect. solution when modernizing an old elevator in a very old building or introducing an elevator in a public building that did not include one originally.

2) Let a modern design enter a traditional setting, and capitalize on the clash between old and new. Results can be very effective. 3) Create a specific elevator design in line with the vision of the whole building. This added-value elevator would offer a distinctive experience to passengers in the newly designed building. New shapes, materials, lighting solutions and colors will become the visible part of a wide range of solutions that combine technology with aesthetics.

Co-Thinking: The Preferred Way of Special Elevator Design To develop a unique elevator design, you need to adopt a multidisciplinary approach. The design team should include the architect, elevator installation and service company, project consultants and elevator-components supplier. Since each member Continued

October 2016 • ELEVATOR WORLD


The Royal Courts of Justice were opened in London in 1882 by Queen Victoria. In 2009, the so-called “Black Lift,” a nine-person elevator, was removed and replaced with a 13-person elevator installed within a steel and glazed-glass structure. For this modernization project, automatic Sematic 2000 B framed glass lift doors with special-depth kickplates were chosen.

brings a particular expertise to the mix, aspects of their contributions become part of the final design. This is not only true of large new projects, where multinational elevator companies and global architecture firms are involved, but also of smaller modernization projects. Here, the traditional aim of any refurbishment project — to improve accessibility, reliability, efficiency, performance and comfort, while simultaneously lowering maintenance activities and energy consumption — has to go hand in hand with insuring the preservation of every element of the building’s identity, including the elevators.

Many Stages toward Affirmation of an Architectural Vision Sometimes, it is not necessary to develop a completely new elevator component to realize an architectural vision. Many design stages are possible. Here are some options: 1) The market provides a wide range of door types, dimensions and finishes complemented by a wide range of car finishes and accessories. A perfect coordination of materials and finishes can sometimes be achieved just by checking what is available and selecting the best-fitting materials. 2) The use of panoramic cars and doors can make for a light design that blends in with the building environment. 3) The use of industrialized door designs, such as round or

90 • October 2016

The Icon Tower is an 84-m-tall glass observation tower erected in Oslo, Norway. The elevator includes a custom all-glass cabin (which becomes transparent when above neighboring buildings) with a glazed floor and ceiling.

underdriven doors, can take you a step further to a tailored elevator design. Technical components can be hidden from view so that design lines are not hidden by technical features. 4) Special components can be designed to fit each project. The elevator then has the potential to stand as a design statement in itself and offer a pivotal point from which to view the building environment.

The Added Challenge of Reliability Elevator systems may have a special or standard design but they must always fulfill all safety norms and standards. This is also true when a special elevator’s lifecycle is taken into account. It should perform like a very good standard elevator, and its working cycle should be measured in decades, just like any other elevator system. This is where the engineering approach of the Wittur Group, coming from the heritage of Wittur and Sematic, can make a difference. For more information, see Liftismore: Stories of Elevators and Architects in a Vertical World, published by Wittur. Carlo Ferrari is Corporate Marketing Communication manager at Wittur Group. Before joining Wittur in 2009, he worked for 13 years in the packaging industry as Marketing manager. He can be contacted at email:

Always there

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Rigol DS2102 Oscilloscope A quality instrument for the elevator technician or student

by David Herres Those who read Herres’ two-part Continuing Education series on Oscilloscopes (ELEVATOR WORLD, May and June 2016) may be interested in purchasing one of these instruments. In this review, Herres writes about his recommendation. . . . Editor The big-three oscilloscope makers, Tektronix, LeCroy and Keysight (formerly Agilent) manufacture high-end instruments that have advanced features, astronomical specifications, specialized controls and highly readable displays. The prices for the highbandwidth, four-channel oscilloscopes are in the multi-thousand-U.S.-dollar range, making them suitable for the well-equipped laboratory, product developer or university with an adequate budget. The independent technician or serious student who requires a quality bench-type oscilloscope at a modest price is forced by the realities of the instrumentation market to look at alternatives. Foremost among them is Rigol. This manufacturer offers a range of models, including the DS2102 oscilloscope, which can be purchased from Amazon for just under

Rigol DS2102 100-MHz oscilloscope

92 • October 2016

US$1,000. The question For general motor work, is whether this including variableinstrument is satisfactory for everyday frequency drive (VFD) use in regard to quality troubleshooting and of workmanship, reliability, specifications power-quality and included features. measurements, likely Your author has been areas for elevator using an advanced four-channel Tektronix technicians, the 100-MHz oscilloscope with 1-GHz limit does not present a bandwidth and 5-GS/s sampling rate, fully problem. loaded with all available options. However, for the past few weeks, he has also been using a Rigol DS2102. The following are his findings. The Rigol is somewhat smaller and lighter than its competitors, but its construction and workmanship appear to be superb. The enclosure and controls are well made, and the screen, measuring 7-3/4-in. diagonally (as opposed to the 9 in. of the Tektronix) is absolutely readable and adequate for bench work. Checking online tech forums, etc. does not indicate a problem with the Rigol’s longterm reliability. The reason for the much lower price is reduced specifications. At 100 MHz, you need to ask if this is adequate for the work you will be doing. At higher frequencies, the parallel capacitive reactance decreases, shunting out the signal, and the series inductive reactance increases, also making for a rise in attenuation. To manufacture higher-bandwidth instruments, very tight internal tolerances and exacting

terminations, as well as special semiconductors, are needed, and these are what set the stage for increased pricing. For general motor work, including variable-frequency drive (VFD) troubleshooting and power-quality measurements, likely areas for elevator technicians, the 100-MHz limit does not present a problem. Another reason for the more modest price tag on the Rigol is the fact that it has two analog input channels, rather than four. So, again, you have to ask whether your anticipated work will entail viewing more than two signals simultaneously. Finally, we have to examine the features that the Rigol DS2102 offers. The simple answer is that they are extensive. An example is the “Math” capability. Like the “Big Three,” Rigol permits users to access quite a variety of information concerning two separate signals by means of this feature. (In this mode, some analytics pertain to only a single signal.) To show how this works, we can input two separate signals into the two channels. These could be 60-Hz utility power from a premises branch circuit and DC from a 9-V battery. Then, first press the “Math” button, followed by the softkey that corresponds to “Math.” Two alternatives are displayed — “Off ” and “Operate,” which is highlighted. Press the softkey again, and “A + B” is activated. The sources are listed. Source A is Channel 1; Source B is Channel 2. Each waveform is displayed in the characteristic color for the respective channel. The result is shown in purple, which is not a dedicated channel color; it is a waveform that depicts the sum on an instant-by-instant basis of Source A and Source B.

Pressing the Softkey twice, once to activate the menu and again to scroll down, we see “A – B” displayed in purple. This time, the result is the difference between Source A and Source B, again on an instant-by-instant basis. Scrolling down once more, the product is displayed. An interesting and informative exercise in the multiply mode is to display a voltage as source A and, using a current probe, hook onto the same signal and display it as Source B. The result will be a measure of power in the circuit. Again scrolling down, Source A is divided by Source B. In some instances, if an attempt to divide by zero is made, the result may look strange. As always, if a display appears inappropriate or if there is no display, press “Auto.” This reconfigures triggering and amplitude for the signal of interest. Press the softkey once again to access the next operation. It should correspond to “FFT,” which stands for “Fast Fourier Transform.” This is a modern reworking (definitively formulated in 1960) of Joseph Fourier’s Fourier Transform, which he developed in the 19th century in connection with heat transfer. It decomposes a function of time, the signal, into the frequencies that comprise it. This is particularly applicable to electrical signal waveforms as displayed in an oscilloscope. The mathematics are very difficult, but the modern oscilloscope does it with a couple clicks of a button. Here, the operation is relevant to a single source (not two), which is listed as Channel 1. Pressing the second softkey from the top, we can toggle between Channel 1 and Channel 2 as the source. Continued

8231 Penn Randall Place, Upper Marlboro, MD 20772 Telephone: (301) 568-9300 • Toll Free: (800) 468-9300 October 2016 • ELEVATOR WORLD


Time domain sine wave shown with frequency domain equivalent

Going into “FFT,” the display becomes a split screen. The top half depicts the waveform in original time-domain form. The bottom half displays the signal from the selected channel in the frequency domain. This is the same signal, with no information gained or lost. To emphasize, time domain and frequency domain are different representations of the same electrical signal, and it is possible to translate any number of times in both directions with no distortion or loss of information. In the frequency domain, the Y axis still depicts amplitude, but rather than in volts, it is shown in power on a logarithmic decibel scale. The X axis, rather than time, represents frequency. Notice that, in the frequency domain for both the sine wave and the DC signal, there is a single large spike at the fundamental, with no significant portion of the power shown in the form of harmonics. For a square wave, with very fast rise time and decay, it would be quite a different story with a smaller portion of the energy at the fundamental and harmonics showing up at other frequencies, diminishing in amplitude as the difference in frequency from the fundamental increases. Modern oscilloscopes, including the Rigol DS2102, illustrate this relationship very clearly. The frequency domain is very useful for showing details regarding a signal that may be missed when looking at it exclusively in the time domain. For example, when examining the power supplied to a VFD connected to an elevator motor that has been overheating, it is recommended to look at the power quality to see what, if any, proportion of the power is expressing as harmful harmonics, as opposed to being concentrated in the fundamental. Such distortion may be caused by other connected non-lineal loads within the facility or in the vicinity. Also, cabling or termination problems can be seen in the frequency-domain representation. In the Rigol DS2102, “Math” mode has other capabilities applicable to various digital signals that may originate in a motion controller and be connected to the inverter section of a VFD. These are “Digital Filter,” “Logic” and “Advanced.” The device has numerous other capabilities typical of more expensive machines. These include “Record,” “Measure” and “Storage,” among others: ♦ Recording is performed using the odd-shaped button under the large dial at the right of the front panel. It has a solid circle symbol, and the backlight is red. Press this button to begin

94 • October 2016

recording a waveform, entering it into the oscilloscope memory. The button on the left stops the recording. The button in the middle pauses and plays back the recording. ♦ “Measure” includes three modes: “Math Operation” (discussed above), “Auto Measurement” and “Cursor Measurement.” “Auto Measurement” measures 24 waveform parameters and includes statistics and analysis. Additionally, the frequency counter provides an exact documentation of the frequency of any AC signal. “Cursor Measurement” permits the user to place vertical and horizontal marks along the X and Y axes. The cursor positions can be adjusted — for example, to bracket peak-topeak voltage levels or time intervals. Measurements are displayed onscreen as numerals. ♦ “Storage” permits the user to record settings or waveforms in internal memory or in a flash drive inserted into the USB slot. To execute the saving action in a USB device, first highlight and select “Disc D,” then press the button marked with the image of a printer. The USB device can then be removed from the oscilloscope and inserted in a computer’s USB slot. The waveform and/or settings can be saved as a jpeg or another format in the computer for later reference, and can be printed or emailed to a colleague.At the modest price, within bandwidth limitations, the Rigol DS2102 is a competent instrument with extensive capabilities and an intuitive human interface. It will serve the student or independent technician well for many years down the road. David Herres holds a New Hampshire Master Electrician’s license and has worked as an electrician in the northern part of that state for many years. He has focused on writing since 2006, having written for such magazines as ELEVATOR WORLD, Electrical Construction and Maintenance, Cabling Business, Electrical Business, Nuts and Volts, PV Magazine, Electrical Connection, Solar Connection, Solar Industry Magazine, Fine Homebuilding Magazine and Engineering News Record. He has also written four books published by McGraw-Hill: 2011 National Electrical Code Chapter by Chapter, Troubleshooting and Repairing Commercial Electrical Equipment, The Electrician’s Trade Demystified and The Homeowner’s DIY Guide to Electrical Wiring, the latter published in December 2014. He holds a BA in English Literature and Composition from Hobart College of Geneva, New York.

Industry Profile

In High Gear Patrick Bass is adapting well to his role as CEO of thyssenkrupp North America.

by Kaija Wilkinson


When your author sat down to speak with thyssenkrupp North America CEO Patrick Bass at thyssenkrupp’s regional headquarters in Chicago recently, Bass had just returned from a week of executive training at Harvard Business School. Bass, an engineer who has become known for his R&D achievements and now oversees a region with approximately 20,500 employees and US$10 billion in sales, considers himself a lifelong student. Bass states: “I think one of the keys to leadership is humility. You can’t be humble and keep your finger on the pulse of progress without continuing your education. I’ve been fortunate to have been exposed to a lot in my career, be it diversity of product, diversity of opportunity, companies willing to invest in me, great people and great staff. I’ve spent extensive time traveling and living abroad. I lived in Germany for three years and Switzerland for a year and a half.” Bass’ international background reveals itself in his accent: Great Lakes with a touch of German. Raised on a dairy farm in Burlington, Wisconsin, Bass worked several years under thyssenkrupp Elevator CEO Andreas Schierenbeck, whom he came to know well. Bass says he misses focusing some of his time on elevators and treasures the experience, but, after being in his CEO role for a year and a half, looks forward to continuing to lead the company and its numerous business units. He states:

“I get asked all the time do I miss elevators. I can honestly say, I miss some of the people I worked with on a daily basis in elevators, because we grew up professionally together, but now there is so much more I can be involved in and am ready to experience. I was very fortunate to be involved in developing MULTI (ELEVATOR WORLD, February 2015), moving it forward and bringing it to the market and the world. MULTI would have never happened within just thyssenkrupp Elevator. It happened because of overall thyssenkrupp competency that was available to take that significant leap in technology.” Expected to have a full-scale model operational in thyssenkrupp’s Rottweil, Germany, test tower by early 2017, MULTI is the result of collaboration among thyssenkrupp’s elevator, maglev and components-technology divisions. Bass’s diverse experiences date back to when he was a child, growing up on the farm and at his mother’s business caring for the developmentally disabled. Bass believes these experiences helped open his mind to unexpected learning opportunities. He states: “One of the things I learned spending time with my mom’s staff and in her group homes is that you can learn things from everyone. I was very fortunate to be a guardian for one of the people my mom had with her for 27 years. I still enjoy getting on the phone and talking with him, because it’s amazing what I can learn. You can learn from people all around you.” Bass’s father was an engineer and welder at a glass factory, and his stepfather was an electrician who ran his own business. He got a Continued

96 • October 2016


lot of hands-on training both on the farm and with his MULTI would have father and stepdad. Bass has had a lifelong love of never happened within automobiles, so, when he just thyssenkrupp went to college to pursue a Mechanical Engineering Elevator. It happened degree at Marquette because of overall University, his focus was on automotive accessibility thyssenkrupp design. He figured that was competency that was the field he would end up in, available to take that but, because an electrician’s license was required to significant leap in inspect elevators in technology. Wisconsin and Bass had such a license, he ended up taking — Patrick Bass, CEO, a job as an elevator thyssenkrupp North inspector’s helper because he could sign the permits. At America first, he admits, after having dreams of designing cars, “It was a shock to the system.� After working as a helper, Bass became an elevator mechanic and then an elevator adjuster before going on to design elevator systems for various companies, starting his career with thyssenkrupp in 1999 as a mechanical engineer based in Horn Lake, Mississippi. He furthered his studies in Systems Engineering Research at the University of Northampton in Northampton, U.K. He served as lead engineer on a number of significant projects, such as the design of the vertical-transportation system in 1 World Trade Center in New York City and the development of MAX, the preventative maintenance, cloud-based solution born of a partnership with Microsoft. In 2013, he was named executive vice president, R&D, for thyssenkrupp, headquartered in Essen, Germany.


In his roles with thyssenkrupp, he has lived in numerous places in the U.S., including Hernando, Mississippi; San Diego; and Peoria, Illinois. Upon being named thyssenkrupp CEO in early 2015, Bass and his family — his wife and children, ages four and six — relocated from Germany to a bucolic area on the outskirts of Chicago. Their acreage adjoins a horse farm, but Bass jokes that he is more interested in “horsepower than horses.â€? To that end, he has returned to his passion for automobiles in the form of restoring classic cars. Of the nine he has, his pride and joy is a 1969 Chevelle Supersport. In their spare time, the Bass family enjoys vacationing to see well-known landmarks. Now that they are based in the U.S., they plan to visit Niagara Falls, New York, and the Mount Rushmore National Memorial in Keystone, South Dakota. “We are trying to focus on the places that we haven’t been, but are clear places someone from Europe or elsewhere would want to visit and experience if they came here,â€? Bass states. Whether away from work or at home, he can usually be found trying to figure out systems — the engine of a classic car or an organization, for example. He states: “I love reading technical publications, car magazines and business books about leadership, organizations and influence. Believe it or not, I love reading case studies. When I was an engineer, I loved the hands-on work and designing. I have the scars and bumps to prove it. When I took the opportunity to go into management, I struggled in the beginning, wondering how I could go from the fulfillment of designing and creating something to this kind of unwieldy position. What I quickly realized is that I like systems. I wasn’t the engineer who would grind through the nitty-gritty detail of the components; I liked how systems worked, and I realized that organizations and companies are just like systems, and being involved in such systems — comprised of people — can be more fulfilling.â€? đ&#x;Œ?đ&#x;Œ?

Bass poses in front of a backdrop at the 2016 Car Craft Summer Nationals, held in Milwaukee in July, in one of his vintage vehicles — a 1969 Chevrolet c1500 396ci step side short wheelbase pickup.

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3rd International Lift, Escalator Industry and Technologies Exhibition

22 - 25 March 2017

The toast offered by the consul: (l-r) G. Venutolo, Attaché General Consul Valdo Amadeo Palmai, Argentine General Consul in São Paulo Diego Malpede, R. Cala and organizer Edilberto Almeida

by Carmen Maldacena, EW Correspondent The sixth edition of ExpoElevador Brasil, the Brazilian elevator show and only elevator exhibition in Latin America, took place on July 13-14 in São Paulo. The new venue was the Anhembi Exhibition Center that was visited by 5,000 people interested in appreciating the products presented by 100 exhibitors. ExpoElevador showed that entrepreneurs’ reliance on the Brazilian economy is starting to increase again, so, even though this feeling is very difficult to evaluate, perhaps the worst pessimistic period has been overcome. Brazilian independent companies competed with several international component manufacturers established in the country. The Chinese presence was also important. Multinationals — except

100 • October 2016

the Wittur Group that recently opened new premises in Brazil — do not participate in these expos, as they are mostly dedicated to components. There were no complete elevator installations in motion, but innovative push-button stations and cabs, modern gearless machines, high-tech electronic devices, a wide variety of automatic doors, and lifts for the disabled attracted visitors. Most were Brazilians, but, otherwise, the Latin American presence was quite scarce. Agents of Interlift, the Germany-based exhibition, were present, with a couple of exhibitors also from that country. As regards associations, there were two Argentinean entities, in addition to the Brazilian ones.

(l-r ) Giorgio Scarabello, Wittur managing director Americas, and Fernando Lueje, president of Wittur Argentina

Argentine colleagues at the cocktail reception

CAA´s members with visitors

(l-r) Argentine General Consul Diego Malpede and Almeida Part of CAA’s Steering Committee: (l-r) C. Carrizo, E. Arancio, J. D´Angélica and Luis Maldacena

The trade press was represented by the local Revista Elevador Brasil, with a booth, as well as ELEVATOR WORLD Latin America — Subir & Bajar, which distributed many issues. The Argentine Revista del Ascensor was also present. These publications will surely help inform about the existence of this exhibition in a huge area that needs events of this sort. Organizers qualified the turnout as “a record.” A satisfied Edilberto Almeida, responsible for the event as director of Cardozo Almeida Eventos and Editora World Press, walked around the floor. When asked for his opinion about the results, he exclaimed: “‘Crisis’? What crisis? We have had no negative perception. The exhibition was a full house both days. We realized that the event helped the exhibitors to enlarge their commercial contacts, to strengthen their brands and to build up relationships for future commercial transactions.” Opinion inquiries indicated exhibitors were quite satisfied with the results — so much so that the organizer has been encouraged to start planning the next Latin American elevator show in 2018. Continued

October 2016 • ELEVATOR WORLD


The booths looked attractive displayed on a wider surface than in previous shows. The larger space facilitated the visitors’ circulation, even though the passageways were crowded at the end of both days.

Argentine Presence Companies in the Argentine verticaltransportation industry play an important role at ExpoElevador because of the geographic proximity and attraction of Brazil, not only commercially, but also socially. CĂĄmara de Ascensores y Afines (CAA) and its magazine Subir & Bajar, focused on its association with ELEVATOR WORLD Latin America, occupied two separate booths for the sixth time. This year, the increase in the number of visitors interested in getting a free subscription to the magazine was evident. CAA had the opportunity to inform visitors about its activities through brochures containing its members’ listings, together with a description of its activities in the sector. Some CAA members participated with a booth of their own. The Argentine FundaciĂłn ExportAr, which fosters the export of Argentine products, was present with a group of 11 elevator component manufacturers and their association, CAFAC. They were located in a maxi booth bearing the name of the country. Romina Querzoty, responsible for export promotion, said, “Argentina takes part in 180 annual shows in different countries. In Brazil, the focus is placed on relation strengthening to facilitate joint work.â€? To celebrate the presence of so many colleagues, Argentine General Consul in SĂŁo Paulo Diego Malpede and AttachĂŠ General Consul Valdo Amadeo Palmai offered a cocktail and toast to the happy encounter and success of so many entrepreneurs.

Lectures Max Santos, a member of the Sindicato (Association) de Elevadores del Estado de San Pablo, explained how the associations work to strengthen their associates and how they are represented at the federal, state and municipal levels. Another lecture delivered by Nilton Costa Da Silva of the Sindicato de Elevadores del Estado de RĂ­o de Janeiro referred to the importance of professional capacities in the elevator production chain. Another member of this association, Fernando Tupinamba, spoke about the entity in the present situation of elevator manufacture, installation and maintenance. đ&#x;Œ?đ&#x;Œ?

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Company Spotlight

Going Global Upon his retirement after 40 years in the industry, EHC Global founder and Chairman Ron Ball reflects upon his company’s past, present and future.

by EHC Global Staff After graduating in 1966 from Ryerson University in Toronto with a degree in Mechanical Engineering, Ron Ball worked for nearly 10 years at a nearby Goodyear Engineered Products plant in a variety of jobs, from product design to marketing and sales. Ball says the experience provided him with a great general education and prepared him for his lifelong dream of running his own business. “As it turned out,” he says, “making handrails for escalators was an easy transition from making conveyor belting at Goodyear.” Finding a niche product like escalator handrails was an accident, but a fortunate one, as it developed into the career and business of a lifetime. Ball opines: “Like many startups, it was pretty tough at the beginning. With one helper, Rob Stewart, I designed and manufactured most of the basic equipment, and it took about nine months before we were able to make our first handrails. A friend introduced me to my first major client in Moline, Illinois: Glen Wainwright at Montgomery Elevator. I was able to introduce some tire technology in order to make our handrails more flexible, eventually convincing [Wainwright] that our handrails would last longer on the reverse-bend escalator drives that had become common with the introduction of glass balustrades.” Within five years, Escalator Handrail Co. (later, EHC Global) would become a major Montgomery supplier, a relationship that continues to this day with KONE. Soon thereafter, EHC assumed a dominant position in North America with the addition of its first “foreign” plant in Buffalo, New York, in 1984.

With new technology and production capacity, EHC was on a march to globalization. Montgomery subsequently invited Ball to set up in its backyard in The Quad Cities region. Ball jumped at the opportunity to become the company’s sole supplier. Growth was steady and progressive. When the Canadian government encouraged export sales by offering free plane fare to Asia, Ball was on the first plane. South Korea was developing a significant domestic lift industry, and, by the mid 1980s, EHC was exporting the majority of the country’s handrails.

Finding a niche product like escalator handrails was an accident, but a fortunate one, as it developed into the career and business of a lifetime. Success in Europe was more difficult. European handrail suppliers were mature and well established with original equipment manufacturers. “Their product quality was good, but they lacked creativity,” Ball notes. O&K in Germany received an order for escalators with colored handrails. When O&K was told EHC could field splice colored handrail, Ball and Mike Alcott were soon on a plane bound for Dortmund, Germany, for a demonstration. O&K was so impressed that, by the early 1990s, EHC began looking at setting up manufacturing in Europe. Jeno Eppel (now EHC president) and his wife, Diane, were soon packing, going to live in Baesweiler, Germany, to launch European production. Since that time, EHC’s European operations have grown to Continued

106 • October 2016


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Ron and Olivia Ball and their daughter, Alexandra

include manufacturing and distribution facilities in France and Spain. Teams there now offer direction and execution of installation and modernization of escalators, moving walks and elevators. This expansion continues today with the addition of partners and distributors throughout Europe, the Middle East and Africa. By the early 1990s, Otis and Schindler were starting to see some significant success in China, and other OEMs were making expansion plans. Not to be left behind, EHC set up manufacturing in Shanghai in 1996. When troubles struck in 1997 with the Asian financial crisis, EHC’s newest manufacturing plant in Shanghai was soon oozing red ink. Ball again jumped on the opportunity to learn how to run a business in China, where he put his spirit of adventure and relentless determination to the test. Within two years, the business was profitable. It has never looked back. EHC Shanghai has become the world’s largest handrail manufacturing operation. In the company’s 20 years in China, EHC has diversified and introduced additional products. Its Engineered Polymers division opened in 2005 in Shanghai, producing polyurethane rollers for the lift, automotive and agriculture industries. In 2014, EHC Shanghai’s High Tech Center began manufacturing composite belts for elevators, enhancing EHC’s materials and processing capabilities. Growth in Asia continued in 1999 when Patrick Bothwell (now EHC’s vice president of Sales) relocated to Japan to take on the highly lucrative Japanese market directly. By 2010, EHC had expanded its presence in Japan through a technology licensing agreement with Hitachi Cable. Several years later, EHC also has successful licensing and distribution arrangements in South Korea, Singapore, Indonesia and India. In 2005, Ball’s attention turned to the emerging markets of Latin America, which soon resulted in the opening of sales offices in Barbados and Mexico. In 2013, the decision was made to break into the Brazilian market to directly overcome the unique challenges of doing business there. Since that time, the EHC team has Wdeveloped strong relationships with key local players and is

108 • October 2016

EHC employees celebrate being awarded ISO certification at corporate headquarters in Oshawa, Canada.

Examples of custom colored handrails manufactured by EHC Global

enjoying an increased share of the handrail replacement market, which includes several transit systems. Expansion in Latin America continues through distribution partnerships and customer-managed Splice Boutiques in Chile, Peru and Colombia. Meanwhile, as he continues to reside in Shanghai, Ball has become an expert on doing business in China and is often asked to share his Asian knowledge. “Ron is not just involved; he’s committed,â€? says his wife, Olivia, a successful businesswoman. Ball shares: “Forty years ago, I never would have imagined that from humble beginnings, our small business would have blossomed into the worldwide enterprise that it has become. I’ve always had a strong belief in the power of people, and I’ve had the great fortune to have had many great minds share my vision and determination. I’m looking forward to stepping back and spending more time with Olivia and my children, Alexandra, Stephen and Jaclyn, and my grandchildren.â€? Ball’s future plans include spending more time on the golf course, diving and fishing on the high seas, exploring the friendly skies and developing his keen love of karaoke. Ball concludes: “I’m happy to continue to lend any business insight I can as EHC Global continues its growth in the decades to come, but I’m also đ&#x;Œ?đ&#x;Œ? confident that I’m leaving my baby in very capable hands!â€?

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Bigger and Better ITALIAELEVA’s third iteration presented by ANICA and ANACAM draws additional exhibitors to a much larger venue. by Federica Villa Held at the Rome Marriott Park Hotel on June 16-18, the ITALIAELEVA 2016 conference and fair was bigger and better than ever in its third year, in terms of both number of exhibitors and space occupied. The event retained existing exhibitors and gained new ones from Italy and abroad. Hundreds of attendees visited 80 booths housing 90 exhibitors within 5,000 m2, a remarkable increase from the 1,000 m2 of the previous year. A spirit of cautious optimism prevailed, as it was reiterated that Italy has a high number of elevators for its population compared with other countries and a construction market that is forecast to grow. Italy is also enjoying a strong and growing modernization market and

remains the top supplier of components in the world. ITALIAELEVA is hosted by ANICA (Italian elevator components association) and ANACAM (Italian elevator association), which represents approximately 400 enterprises in Italy. Products and services displayed this year included components, complete elevators, stairlifts and mechanized car-park systems, along with consulting and remote-monitoring offerings. The array of displays reflected all aspects of the Italian elevator industry, which consists of small and medium-sized enterprises. Exhibitors described the state of and outlook for the industry. When asked if the winds of Continued

110 • October 2016

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worldwide economic recovery are also being felt in Italy, they observed that, despite tough times experienced recently, it is vital investments be made to ensure a strong future. Italy, they said, will always be one of the world’s major markets. According to data from the European Lift Association, there are approximately 2,000 companies employing 23,000 people in Italy supporting an installed base of nearly one million units in service. There were years when elevator-industry revenue fell: in 2014, including both exports and domestic products, it was approximately EUR2.2 billion (US$2.45 billion), down from EUR2.6 billion (US$2.9 billion) in 2009, according to AssoAscensori data. For the Italian market only, it was EUR1.58

112 • October 2016

billion (US$1.76 billion) in 2014, versus EUR2.1 billion (US$2.34 billion) in 2009. As the number of new installations has dwindled, Italy’s modernization market has picked up, exhibitors observed. The construction industry in Italy is projected to grow by 3.2% in 2016, according to ANCE and the Association of Builders. Further, Italy’s machines and people are both aging, which bodes well for the modernization market. Almost 40% of elevators operating in Italy are at least 30 years old, according to ANACAM, ANICA and AssoAscensori, and many of these are in need of refurbishment. Continued

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ELEVATOR WORLD Turkey was on hand for ITALIAELEVA: (l-r) Latif Dalli, Bülent Yılmaz and Mustafa Demirci.

A Warm Welcome


During the ribbon-cutting ceremony, a reminder was issued about how ITALIAELEVA was born of the desire of ANICA and ANACAM to create a powerful, participatory and collaborative business event. Fabio Liberali, Elevatori magazine editor in chief, greeted the audience, saying that ITALIAELEVA has earned an excellent reputation and that the Italian elevator industry, likewise, holds a prime position at the global level. Liberali’s speech was followed by greetings from several representatives of major international expositions such as Russian Elevator Week, Moscow International Exhibition Lift and Interlift/ AFAG. Among the guests was AssoAscensori Chairman Roberto Zappa. Continued

114 • October 2016

ELEVATOR WORLD Turkey was on hand for ITALIAELEVA: (l-r) Latif Dalli, Bülent Yılmaz and Mustafa Demirci.

A Warm Welcome


During the ribbon-cutting ceremony, a reminder was issued about how ITALIAELEVA was born of the desire of ANICA and ANACAM to create a powerful, participatory and collaborative business event. Fabio Liberali, Elevatori magazine editor in chief, greeted the audience, saying that ITALIAELEVA has earned an excellent reputation and that the Italian elevator industry, likewise, holds a prime position at the global level. Liberali’s speech was followed by greetings from several representatives of major international expositions such as Russian Elevator Week, Moscow International Exhibition Lift and Interlift/ AFAG. Among the guests was AssoAscensori Chairman Roberto Zappa. Continued

114 • October 2016



En sociedad con Elevator World In association with Elevator World

General Meetings and Conventions


Concurrently with ITALIAELEVA, ANICA and ANACAM held their general assemblies, during which tasks were discussed and board memberships renewed or established. It was stated that, in April, ANICA President Paolo Vicini was reelected president for a second consecutive term. For ANACAM, President Michele Mazzarda relinquished his office after a two-and-a-half year extension. A national management council for ANACAM was elected, for which eight of the 12 members are new. The council consists of: ♦ Edoardo Rolla (president, newly elected) ♦ Massimo Bezzi (board member, Trentino-Alto Adige Region, reelected) ♦ Antonio Ciani (Piemonte Region, reelected) ♦ Andrea Codebò (Piemonte Region, newly elected) ♦ Roberto Corradini (Lombardia Region, newly elected) ♦ Roberto Enriquez (Puglia Region, newly elected) ♦ Giuseppe Febert (Calabria Region, newly elected) ♦ Michele Mazzarda (Lazio Region, reelected) ♦ Piero Mosanghini (Campania Region, newly elected) ♦ Luca Pierazzoli (Toscana Region, newly elected) ♦ Dante Pozzoni (Lombardia Region, newly elected) ♦ Ivan Ferrarini (Emila Romagna Region, replaced Gianluca Bertazzoni as ANACAM Giovani –professionals under 40– delegate) In accordance with ANACAM rules, two vice presidents, along with a secretary general and administrative secretary, will be appointed during the first meeting. Several topics were discussed during the congresses. These included the amount of time it takes for companies to get paid, which is estimated to have decreased slightly compared to when the previous survey was conducted. A MediaCom presentation using data from Osservatorio revealed that, for small and medium-

116 • October 2016

sized enterprises, the time is approximately 170 days, which can increase to 185 days in the case of ANACAM enterprises. Dario Trabucco, a professor from IUAV University of Venice, then spoke about elevators’ role in addressing issues related to an increasing world population and urbanization. He pointed out technological advancements in elevators can help ensure efficient transportation and become a key part of “smart cities.” An extensive paper by Paolo Tattoli, president of the Italian Organization for Standardization, on relevant standards, particularly the novelties brought about by the new Lifts Directive (2014/33/EU), was then presented. A gala dinner took place at the Casina Valadier, from which one can enjoy one of the most beautiful views in Rome overlooking the countryside, rooftops and spires. The restaurant itself is located in a neoclassical building that evokes Roman history. The building was constructed between 1816 and 1837 by Giuseppe Valadier, a renowned Roman architect and urban planner who rebuilt the Casino Della Rota, a 17th-century building built on ancient cistern ruins, into its current neoclassical form. Approximately 450 people attended the gala, where they enjoyed traditional Italian cuisine and live music. ITALIAELEVA proved once again it is valued by both exhibitors and visitors. Zappa observed the event allows communication among industry leaders about topics such as safety, accessibility and energy savings. This, he stated, helps associations when they work with public authorities. Vicini said he is confident ITALIAELEVA will continue to grow and help those in the industry respond to market needs. ANACAM President Mazzarda observed ITALIAELEVA is gaining momentum, stating: “I see it as an event that started off slowly but has turned out to be something important. We have received excellent feedback from both exhibitors and visitors. ITALIAELEVA contributes to the industry as it helps ensure uniformity.” The next ITALIAELEVA will be held in June 2017. Federica Villa oversees Topical Subjects and Special Projects for Elevatori.

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Industry Dialogue

A Rewarding Career Relationships and safety motivate Mark Mullins to move the industry forward.

by Hanno van der Bijl Mark Mullins (MM) is national coordinator of the Elevator Industry Work Preservation Fund (EIWPF). He serves on numerous committees and is currently vice chairperson and director at large of the Elevator Escalator Safety Foundation (EESF). Recently, he spoke with ELEVATOR WORLD about his career, challenges, advice to young people, and family. EW: How did you first become involved in the elevator industry? MM: My life’s work has always centered around the construction industry. Upon graduation from high school, I went to work for General Hydraulics, where I worked on hydraulic jacks and as a welder. From there, I moved on to LM Cottrell Construction working as a mechanic until the company shut down. I then went to work for a trucking company as a heavy-equipment mechanic, fixing bulldozers, rock trucks, coal trucks and other equipment you would find in and around coal mines. While working at the trucking company, I also went back to school at the Ralph R. Willis Vocational Center, where I earned my two-year certificate in electronics. After earning my certificate, I applied for a job

in the maintenance department of Logan General Hospital in Logan, West Virginia.

My family means the world to me, and that’s why I’ve always put safety at the very top of my agenda.

While working in the hospital’s maintenance department, I was introduced to and became friends with John Helvey, an elevator mechanic who worked for Dover Elevator. Before meeting John, I had never considered a career in the elevator trade. In fact, I had never even thought about those who ply their skills


Mullins is a national coordinator of the EIWPF.

Mullins with his wife and best friend, Teresa

118 • October 2016

(l-r) Mullins and R.D. Merritt: Mullins credits Merritt for helping him with his public speaking.

Mullins is an OSHA master instructor.

installing, servicing and maintaining elevators. After talking to John about the industry and learning more about the rewarding career that could be had in the elevator trade, about two months later, I accepted a position with Otis. Not only was the job a good one, I was eager to be a part of a union, because of all of the great things I had heard about union membership. And, everything I had heard turned out to be true. Without the International Union of Elevator Constructors (IUEC), my family and I wouldn’t have received all the great benefits we still enjoy today. I worked for Otis until I took the position of business representative with IUEC Local 48. EW: How did you become involved with the EIWPF? MM: During my tenure at Local 48, I helped pass legislation in West Virginia requiring all mechanics working on conveyances to be licensed and to obtain necessitated minimum education requirements and code requirements that make elevators and escalators safer, not only for the mechanic, but also for the riding public. As a result of the success with the West Virginia legislation, I was asked to take a position with the EIWPF in an effort to pass similar legislation in other states. Elevators and EW: Which industry-related or political obstacles do you face with escalators are very your work at the EIWPF? unforgiving; they MM: We have faced many don’t know we are obstacles while working with state legislatures, but the most upsetting humans. thing is that, many times, lawmakers can’t see the big picture, and it takes a serious accident or fatality to get their attention. Elevators and escalators are very unforgiving; they don’t know we are humans. I would love to see some form of safety legislation for conveyances in every state. EW: What are some of the changes you have seen in the industry as an inspector, and how do you think it will change in the future?

MM: I am, and have been for many years, a Qualified Elevator Inspector. I have seen numerous changes during this time, including many states implementing elevator-safety boards, inspector-licensing requirements, contractor-licensing requirements, code adoption, educational standards and continuing-education requirements. The number of conveyances and the volume of people and material they move has created challenges for the elevator industry to ensure they do so safely. With the growing population in the world, more people are taking up residence in and around urban areas. This will only increase the elevator industry’s role in both the private and public sectors. The demands created will give rise to conveyances our forefathers could only have imagined in their wildest dreams. It is my hope that, with all this growth and transformation, the accidents and fatalities in the elevator industry are greatly diminished or, better still, completely eliminated. EW: What have been some of the highlights of your career so far, and what do you find most rewarding in your work? MM: Some of the best highlights of my career have to do with serving on safety committees and becoming an OSHA master instructor. Safety committees that I serve on include the IUEC Safety Committee, the Elevator Industry Safety Committee (consisting of IUEC along with signatory contractors/safety directors), the EESF and the North America Building Trades Union – Safety & Health Committee. All of these positions are very rewarding for me, because if I can do or say one thing that might save a life, then I am happy. I would like employees to know OSHA is there for their protection and that they shouldn’t fear an OSHA visit on their jobsite. I would also like the elevator industry to have its own section in the 29CFR 1910 and 29 CFR 1926 regulations. EW: Which challenges have you faced? How did you overcome them? MM: My biggest challenge would have to be public speaking. There are many people in the elevator industry whom I look up to and respect, but if I had to pick one, it would have to be R.D. Merritt. Merritt wasn’t just my mentor — he became my brother and friend. He taught me so many things, like: always be kind, treat


120 • October 2016

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Skylines & • Tall Buildings

Escalators/Moving Walkways


Elevators • (Commercial) • Elevators (Private • Residence)

Inclined Lifts


Machines & Components Historical/Legacy Equipment (pre-1965)

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122 • October 2016

In March 2014, U.S. Secretary of Labor Thomas Perez met with a number of industry and labor leaders to discuss elevator safety: (l-r) Mullins; Dr. David Michaels, assistant secretary of labor, OSHA; Jim Lowery, national organizer, IUEC; Vance Ayres, director of Governmental Affairs, IUEC; Perez; Frank Christensen, general president, IUEC; and Allen Spears, national director, EIWPF.

everyone with love and respect, and, best of all, he helped me with my public speaking. To those who share my same challenge with public speaking, I would say practice, practice, practice. EW: What advice do you have for young people in the industry today? MM: My advice to young people in the industry today would be to reach high, dream big, and never stop learning. In today’s world, elevators are constantly changing, so study hard, try to stay ahead of the game, and make yourself more marketable. Author Karen Ravn writes, “Only as high as I reach can I grow, only as far as I seek can I go, only as deep as I look can I see, only as much as I dream can I be.â€? EW: Please tell us about your family. MM: I have an amazing and supportive family that includes my wife and best friend, Teresa, an incredible woman who always greets me with a smile and a hug and a kiss when I return from a trip. I have five children: Lora, Mark, Tanner and step-daughters, Jenny and Brittany. And, I have two sons-in-law: Kodi and Melvin. I also have six grandchildren: Melody, Jorden, Konnor, Mark, Chloe and Kendal. I am also fortunate to have my mother-in-law, Linda, and loving brothers and sisters: Mike, Judy, Shirley, Kenny and Teresa, whom I am very close to. My family means the world to me, and that’s why I’ve always put safety at the very top of my agenda. Please work safely, always keep your mind on what you are doing, and don’t take shortcuts, so you can return home safe to your family every day. Always take that extra minute to look around and trust your senses. If you think you might get hurt, chances are you will. We must learn from the accidents that have happened in the past and not take chances. Remember, an accident đ&#x;Œ?đ&#x;Œ? could put you dangerously close to a fatality!

Meet the NEWEST members of our EESF family, Safe T Boy & Safe T Girl! They are off to school! The Safe T Riders are ready to educate students about the safe way to ride elevators and escalators. If you want to get the program to an area near you let us know. We have an AMAZING new interactive website with Games, TRIVIA, and a printable CERTIFICATE for your students to receive after learning all their AWESOME elevator and escalator safety knowledge. Visit TODAY to review the NEW program! If you would like to request printed materials or would like more information, please contact, EESF Program Director. Elevator Escalator Safety Foundation | 356 Morgan Avenue, Mobile, AL 36606 | 251.479.2199 |

Project Spotlight

Power from On High Otis installs first solar-powered Gen2 Switch elevator in France.

by Hanno van der Bijl qualify for Positive Energy Building In 1853, at the World’s Fair in New York City, Elisha Graves Otis effectively launched the certification. Designing the first building of its modern elevator industry when he kind in France, Idefia and Atlantique Habitations demonstrated the effectiveness of his emergency wanted to show it’s possible to combine brake after the hoisting rope was cut. In 2015, in innovation and energy Les Bourderies in Rezé, efficiency, while keeping France, Otis’ company construction and operation installed a solar-powered This ingenuity from costs low. Gen2® Switch elevator As part of this endeavor, with an emergency battery Otis harvests the power of Otis was contracted to provide that powers the elevator the sun to sustainably a Gen2 Switch elevator. This for 100 trips after the operate one of the most machine-room-less elevator is electricity is cut. Built in lifted by Otis’ flat the shadow of Le critical systems in a polyurethane-coated steel Corbusier’s La Maison building. belts. The elevator is Radieuse (“the Radiant connected to four solar panels City”) in Rezé, Les – John Mandyck, chief that provide 100% of its energy Bourderies is part of a new sustainability officer, needs from March to October social-housing project developed by Atlantique and 80% from November to United Technologies Habitations. Designed by February. It can also be Urbanmakers and built by Idefia, the 32-unit connected to other renewable energy sources, building is situated in the heart of town, near such as wind turbines. shops, public transportation, the town hall and a The American Council for an Energychurch, L’église Saint-Pierre. Efficient Economy calculates that elevators and Les Bourderies’ “couture architecture” escalators make up 2-5% (50% during peak integrates well with its neighbors on the street, hours) of a building’s energy consumption. The in terms of its proportions, base, façades and Gen2 Switch has a battery — made up of 97% privacy of its balconies. Its metal structure recycled materials — that is charged in part by echoes the avant-garde style of La Maison the regenerative drive when the elevator travels Radieuse and ensures the stability of the up empty or down loaded. When in standby, the building. Timber-frame walls provide insulation battery uses 0.5 kW — less than a toaster or a and “dress” the framework. The architecture light bulb. When the electricity goes out, the inspired Atlantique Habitations to go beyond battery can power 100 trips in an eight- to minimum requirements and — among other nine-story building. This is critical for the energy-efficient measures — install photovoltaic building’s disabled or reduced-mobility residents. solar panels, manufactured by Acieo Energies, to

124 • October 2016

Minister of Territorial Equality and Housing Sylvia Pinel on a visit to Les Bourderies

The Otis Gen2 Switch elevator is ideal for residential buildings.

Les Bouderies drew inspiration from the Brutalist architecture of Le Corbusier’s 1955 La Maison Radieuse. Â

Les Bourderies is a certified Positive Energy Building. Its elevator is powered by solar panels.

Pierre Yves-Tinel, director of new construction at Otis, Western France, said of the project: “We are proud to contribute to this environmentally responsible social housing project and deploy our first solar-powered elevator in France, which was manufactured locally at our plant in Gien. The project embodies our vision for intelligent buildings: a living space that makes use of the best technology for the comfort of its residents, taking the principle of energy efficiency into account from the building’s early design stage.â€? As part of her construction “Tour de France,â€? Minister of Territorial Equality and Housing Sylvia Pinel visited Les Bourderies and enthusiastically learned about the elevator. John Mandyck, chief sustainability officer of United Technologies, parent company of Otis, said of the project: “This ingenuity from Otis harvests the power of the sun to sustainably operate one of the most critical systems in a building. The breakthrough Gen2 Switch is a natural solution for intelligent, green buildings to significantly lower operating costs and environmental emissions together.â€? While the emergency battery might not be as sky shattering as the emergency brake on elevators that led to tall buildings, it proves that a commitment to safety can lead to important đ&#x;Œ?đ&#x;Œ? innovations, making life better for an increasingly urban world. October 2016 • ELEVATOR WORLD


Product Spotlight

Customized, Connected Solutions designed with location, size, precision and safety in mind

❮ New NEXIEZ Series

Mitsubishi Electric has launched the NEXIEZ-S, a new lineup of NEXIEZ-series elevators targeting office and residential buildings up to 10 stories, particularly in the Middle East and Europe. The company expects annual sales of 1,000 units by March 2018. The compact units have a carrying capacity of 320-450 kg, travel at up to 60 mpm and also feature: ♦ A new small, flat traction machine positioned inside the shaft to save space ♦ No need for a machine room on the building’s roof ♦ Simplified structure to help reduce lead time ♦ Energy savings with a gearless traction machine using a permanent-magnetic motor ♦ Optional LEDs in car ceilings to reduce lighting power consumption by approximately 60% (compared to conventional fluorescent lighting) ♦ Simple car designs suited for diverse architectural styles and aesthetics ♦ An additional “combination wall” with hairline-finished stainless steel and painted steel sheets ♦ Lighting arranged to be reflected off car walls creates sense of spaciousness inside car

❮ Digital Benchtop Multimeter

The SDM3045X is a four-and-a-half-digit dual-display digital multimeter designed for high-precision, multifunction and automation measurement applications. It features a combination of basic measurement functions, multiple math functions and display functions. Its 4.3-in., high-resolution color thin-film-transistor LCD display is coupled with a clear keyboard layout. It supports USB and local area network for remote communication, and an Ethernet connection interface supports the common Standard Commands for Programmable Instruments command set. Weighing 8.3 lb., the unit includes: ♦ Histogram ♦ Trend chart ♦ Bar chart ♦ Statistics ♦ Up to 150 readings/s. measurement speed ♦ True-root-mean-square AC voltage and current measuring ♦ 1-Gb Nand flash size, mass storage configuration files and data files ♦ Built-in cold terminal compensation for thermocoupling Continued

126 • October 2016

❮ Lift Emergency Call Systems

Through a partnership with Prague, Czechoslovakiabased 2N TELEKOMUNIKACE, Schmersal Bohnke + Partner is offering emergency intercom systems for door communication and emergency calls. Complementing the range of systems currently offered by Schmersal, the Lift1 and Lift8 systems allow both simple and more complex solutions to be achieved. They are EN 81-28, 81-70, 81-71, 81-72 and 81-80 compliant. Used, in particular, where only communication between the cabin and machine room is needed, Lift1 enables two-way communication. Schmersal states the fact only two wires are required for voice transfer and power supply means the system can easily connect to land-based, private bank exchange and global system for mobile communications (GSM) telephone networks. Lift8 is easy to install due to its two-wire bus. Its modular design means it can be tailored to individual applications, and a choice of GSM, universal mobile telecommunications system, public switched telephone network and Voice over Internet Protocol communication interfaces is available. If a project is expanded, the missing module may be added at a later date. Lift8 allows up to eight lifts to be operated on one telephone line.

Schmersal is now offering 2N’s intercom systems for door communication and emergency calls.

When it comes to elevators and escalators, dangers and hazards are not always so easy to recognize. The Elevator Industry Inspection Handbook and the Field Employees’ Elevator Testing Manual will give you the knowledge you need to find the real danger that you can’t see.

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128 • October 2016

Using the Dodge Global Network for regional and nationwide construction in North America, contractors can quickly search and view projects to find the ones most suitable for them.

Have a Game Plan for Your Team

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Dodge PlanRoom is geared toward small and medium-sized contractors and subcontractors that want to share plans, specifications and other construction documentation.

Project Workflow Synching for Contractors

Dodge Data & Analytics has launched Dodge PlanRoom, an online service for contractors and subcontractors to store, manage and share plans, specifications and other construction documentation. Designed to support construction-specific workflows, such as evaluating potential projects by quickly reviewing linked plans, sections and elevations, it integrates with the Dodge Global Network construction-project database. Users can also add their own projects or participate in private projects they are invited to by owners and other contractors.  Helping to make relevant project documentation available in a single, secure repository, PlanRoom allows the whole project team to collaborate throughout the entire project lifecycle. Simplified project syncing can help the team avoid working with out-of-date information. Also, version control ensures a document record that allows contractors to track history and pinpoint plan changes when necessary. đ&#x;Œ?đ&#x;Œ?

Recent ASME A17.1 Elevator and Escalator Safety Code Editions require a Maintenance Control Program (MCP) be in place to maintain the (elevator) equipment in compliance with Section of the Code. Downloadable interactive files are now available to easily assist service company personnel and vertical transportation equipment owners with creating an MCP.

Visit us online for more information including a sample form!

October 2016 • ELEVATOR WORLD


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In order to apply, please send your CV to the following address: Maspero Elevatori Spa Viale dello Sport, 22070-Appiano Gentile (CO) F.a.o. Export Manager/

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Advertisers Index Adams Elevator Equipment Company.....................21 Alberto Sassi S.P.A ..................................................................11 Alps Wire Rope Corporation ...........................................14 Blain Hydraulics Gmbh.......................................................65 Brugg Wire Rope, LLC.............................................................7 C.E. Electronics, Inc........................................................18, 97 Canny Group Co., Ltd ..........................................................95 Canton Architectural Products, Inc.............................73 China Elevator Magazine ...............................................130 Columbia Elevator Products Co., Inc..........................28 Draka Elevator Products .................... Cover 3, Cover 4 EHC Global .................................................................................78 ELCON Enterprises, Inc. ......................................................93 Elevator Controls Corporation .......................................17 Elevator Equipment Corporation (EECO)...................3 Elevator Escalator Safety Foundation.....................123 Eurasia Lift ..................................................................................99 Faigle Kunststoffe Gmbh ..................................................57 G.A.L. Manufacturing Corporation ...........................105 GEN Elektromekanik San. ve Tic. Ltd. Sti ..................19 Giovenzana International BV ..........................................23 Global Tardif Elevator Manufacturing Group Inc...........................................25 Hilliard Corporation..............................................................79 Hollister-Whitney Elevator Corp. .....................................1 IFO - Istanbul Fair Organization .................................127 Innovation Industries, Inc. ................................................39 Integrated Display Systems, Inc. ................................109 IPC Automation ......................................................................49 JM Associates/Burnham + Company........................72 K.A. Schmersal GmbH .........................................................81 Kencor Elevator Systems ...................................................84 Kleemann Hellas S.A. ...........................................................61 Langer & Laumann Ingenieurburo Gmbh ..........116 Liberty Elevator Corporation ..........................................71 LM Liftmaterial/Wittur Group.............................Cover 2 Machine Room Guarding .................................................29 Maxton Manufacturing Company ..............................41 Mongrain Vertical Transport Inc. ..................................49 Monteferro SPA .......................................................................27 NAEC..............................................................................................83 Ningbo Xinda Group Co., Ltd .........................................43 Peelle Company Ltd. ............................................................85 Plymouth Engineered Shapes .......................................70 Quality Elevator Products ..............................................109 Savaria, Inc. ...............................................................................35 Schaefer Gmbh .......................................................................31 SEES Inc./Southern Elevator & Electric......................13 Shanghai Elevator Trade Association .....................119 Sicher Elevator Co., Ltd. ......................................................69 SJEC Corporation ...................................................................47 Smart Elevator Tech LLC ....................................................30 Smartrise Engineering, Inc. .................................................9 SnapCab ......................................................................................15 SUBIR & BAJAR ......................................................................115 Suzhou Torin Drive Equipment Co., Ltd. ..................63 thyssenkrupp Elevator AG................................................91 Unitec Parts Co........................................................................45 Virginia Controls .....................................................................33 Virgo Communications & Exhibitions Pvt. Ltd. .....................................................107

Wittur Italia Holding SRL ...................................................37 Wurtec, Inc. ...................................................................................5 Zhejiang Xizi Forward Electrical Machinery, Ltd....................................................................59 Elevator World Products Electronic Maintenance Control Program...........111 NEW! Elevator Engineering, 2nd Edition ..............113 Elevator Maintenance Manual....................................117 NEW! Supervisor’s Safety First Package .................121 2017 Photo Contest ..........................................................122 Elevator Inspection Handbook/Elevator Testing Manual ...............................................................128 Written Maintenance Control Program ................129 Elevator World E-Newsletters ......................................135 Classified Advertising ATEL Corporation C.J. Anderson & Company Code Data Plate Dale Tolar & Associates Electronic Controls, Inc. Elevator Equipment Corporation (EECO) General Elevator Parts, Inc. Harris Companies I.T.I. Hydraulik Laird Plastics Lift Business Advisors, Inc. Marine Innovations, Inc. Maspero Elevatori S.p.a. Maxton Manufacturing Company ParkUSA Parts Specialists, Inc Precision Escalator Products, Inc. Renown Electric Motors and Repair Inc. Silver State Elevator Company Stone Brokers of America Vator Accessories World Electronics

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October 2016 • ELEVATOR WORLD


Last Glance

ÂĄMuito Obrigado, Senhor Roboto! This is a “robotâ€? (with a man inside) brought to ExpoElevador (p. 100) by an important Brazilian manufacturer, Infolev. It was a popular and an original way to attract visitors to its booth, as many wanted to be photographed with it. Subir & Bajar’s booth assistant, Cecelia Sotelo, was excited to have this snapshot of her and the mascot taken in the last minutes of the show. Infolev celebrated its 25th birthday during the expo. The robot was its marketing department’s idea for the booth’s attraction to amuse and relax visitors. The Chinese who attended ExpoElevador were greatly surprised and wanted to know all about its technology, when, in fact, it was more creativity, because the robot is an expertly made costume worn by a person taller than 2 m. The company stated more than 10,000 pictures were taken that went viral on social media, innovatively highlighting the Infolev brand. (The name was written on the robot’s back.) It also helped turn the commercial event and meeting with customers and friends into a more fun and relaxed experience. đ&#x;Œ?đ&#x;Œ? Reported by Carmen Maldacena, EW Correspondent

136 • October 2016

Made with steel, copper and know-how. Backed with an iron-clad warranty.

We’d like to introduce you to Draka’s most popular products, but we think you already know them pretty well. These four items are the reason we have grown to be the leading elevator component supplier in the USA. Super-Flex® traveling cable has been the mainstay of the industry for 50 years. Its dependability is legendary and it meets every applicable standard for ETT-type cables. Super-Duct® is the perfect companion to Super-Flex durable yet easy to handle and install. Whisper-Flex® and its wide-loop companion Steadi-Flex® are the unquestioned leaders in elevator compensation. They are silent and smooth in operation, and offer an economical North America • 1-877-372-5237 Metro NYC • 718-784-3816 So. California • 323-888-2325 Toronto • 519-758-0605

alternative to compensation wire rope.


Trough may seem like a commodity, but it’s an essential part of a safe installation. Ours is formed from hot-dipped galvanized steel for complete rust protection. Here’s what you need to know about our core products: they are manufactured with the superior materials and craftsmanship required to carry the Draka Elevator limited lifetime warranty. They’re built to be dependable - and we stand by that promise. We introduce solutions to make your life simple.

When it’s about doing the job right, ‘one size fits all’ doesn’t cut it.

Elevators are a specialized industry. Installation, repair and maintenance require a unique combination of precision and safety. And if a good job can be done easier and faster, all the better. Draka Elevator has the tools that answer that description. Our FlexiPeeler™ quickly adjusts to a jacket-cutting depth that ensures that conductors don’t get nicked. Or, if extra precision is required, the Super Peeler™ performs the same job as it can be dial-adjusted to a hundredth of an inch. Our Sock Slicer™ quickly trims away braid and binder much more safely than a box cutter. Our ergonomic QuickStrip North America • 1-877-372-5237 Metro NYC • 718-784-3816 So. California • 323-888-2325 Toronto • 519-758-0605

makes quick work of insulation removal, while the Quick Crimp takes the drudgery out of conductor termination. Draka-selected tools include wire rope tension meters and cutters, flat cable strippers and the time-saving Whisper-Flex Strip Kit for preparing compensation cable ends. We even offer fiber optic stripper and splicers. Each tool Draka offers is presented with two thoughts in mind: how to do a job safer and how to do it easier. Get the tools that do the job. Get your tools from Draka. We introduce solutions to make your life simple.

ELEVATOR WORLD October 2016  

ELEVATOR WORLD October 2016: A Matter of Taste • A Maritime Museum • ExpoElevador Brasil 2016

ELEVATOR WORLD October 2016  

ELEVATOR WORLD October 2016: A Matter of Taste • A Maritime Museum • ExpoElevador Brasil 2016