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The Premier Magazine for the Building Transportation Industry in India

Issue 4, Volume 11


VT Expands Ability to Go Higher GLE Expo 2018

Contents 6

ON THE COVER 82 VT Expands the Ability to Go Higher



FEATURES 50 Vertical Transportation for





Building a Skills Bridge to Industry 4.0 by Judy Marks KONE Expands Into Jaipur by Sheetal Shelar Patil Private Lifts a Growing Trend by Amish Mistry photos by Pratik Salve Concrete Implications of Court Verdicts by Yash Pandya


Preparing for Building Fires by Kunal Lala


Public Promise by Sheetal Shelar Patil


Expert Analysis on VT Incidents submitted by Lerch Bates India


Periodic Maintenance and Modernization of Elevator Doors by Ömer Gürkan Gürbüz

CAN Bus for Elevators by David Herres


Identifying Partners in Progress by Kamlesh Pandya

Learning the Rules by Sheetal Shelar Patil


Hits and Misses by Kamlesh Pandya

GLE Expo 2018 Third iteration tests market potential. by Sheetal Shelar Patil



Vehicles Car-parking options can help alleviate


Big on Education by Yash Pandya



by Yash Pandya

urban congestion. by Amish Mistry

4th Quarter Issue 4, Volume 11



Editor’s Overview




Inside India News


Regional News


Product Spotlight




Source Directory


Advertisers Index





ELEVATOR WORLD India is a quarterly magazine published by E­ levator World, Inc., Mobile, Alabama (U.S.) and Virgo Publications, Bangalore (India). Virgo Publications is a sister organization of Virgo Communications, one of the organizers for IEE – International Elevator & Escalator Expo. Elevator World, Inc. is the premier publisher for the international building transportation industry. Since the inception of ELEVATOR WORLD magazine in 1953, the company has e ­ xpanded core products to include ELEVATOR WORLD India, an ­extensive network of websites, a weekly e-mail newsletter (ElenetŽ) and the SourceŠ, the most inclusive industry directory. Publishers – Anitha Raghunath, Ricia Sturgeon-Hendrick, T. Bruce MacKinnon International Publishing Co. – Elevator World, Inc. Indian Publishing Co. – Virgo Publications Editorial International Managing Editor – Angela C. Baldwin Consulting Editor, India – Vijay Pandya EW Editorial Staff (U.S.) – Lee Freeland, Kaija Wilkinson, Matt Irvin EW India Correspondent - M.J. Mohamed Iqbal Contributors – Sheetal Shelar Patil, Yash Pandya, Amish Mistry, Ömer Gßrkan Gßrbßz, Judy Marks, Kunal Lala, David Herres, Kamlesh Pandya Printing, Distribution and Commercial Operations Commercial Directors – Anitha Raghunath and G. Raghu (India) Advertising Sales and Marketing Anitha Raghunath and G. Raghu (India) – T. Bruce MacKinnon, Lesley K. Hicks, Scott O. Brown, Cleo Brazile (International) Brad O’Guynn, Caleb Givens (Marketing) Susan Crigler (Education Products) Production and Internet EW Staff (U.S.) – Lillie McWilliams, Christen Robinson, Claire Nicholls, Matt Overstreet Administration Anitha Raghunath (India) J. Scott Eastman (U.S.) ELEVATOR WORLDŽ and ELEVATOR WORLD India™ are registered trademarks and all rights reserved. CopyrightŠ 2018. For permission to reprint any portion of this magazine, please write to the publisher at Elevator World, Inc., P. O. Box 6507, Mobile, Alabama 36660, USA or at Virgo Publications, Virgo House, 250 Amarjyoti Layout, Domlur Extension, Bangalore, India 560071. ELEVATOR WORLD India is published in the interest of the members of the elevator industry in India, to improve communication within that industry and to further continuing education of members of that industry. ELEVATOR WORLD India publishes articles by contributing authors as a stimulus to thinking and not directives. ELEVATOR WORLD India publishes this material without accepting responsibility for its absolute accuracy, but with hopes that the vast majority of it will have validity for the field. The ideas expressed therein should be tempered by recognized elevator engineering practices, standards, codes and guidelines. Publication of any article or advertisement should not be deemed as an endorsement by ELEVATOR WORLD India, ELEVATOR WORLD, the publishers at Elevator World, Inc. or Virgo Publications. Printed by Sri Sudhindra Offset Process, No.27-28, 8th Cross, Malleshwaram, Bangalore - 560003, Karnataka, India. ELEVATOR WORLD India will be published quarterly in 2018: February 16, May 16, August 16 and November 16. Advertising and subscription information is available at Send company updates, announcements, press releases, product launches and article contributions to

Editor’s Overview “Hurry Up and Learn Patience!â€? by Vijay Pandya The real-estate sector in India, which essentially drives the demand for vertical transportation (VT), is being asked to make haste but proceed slowly. If that sounds a bit contradictory, that’s because it is. On one hand, you have the ambitious “Housing for All by 2022,â€? which should, for all intents and purposes, have the developer community going full speed ahead. At the same time, well-meaning regulatory announcements result in confusion, delaying progress to an extent, in some cases. Granted, the objective is to ensure transparency in the process and weed out fly-by-night operators, but when the reputable developers begin to point out that the market sentiment and pace of development are being affected, perhaps it is time for someone to step in and ensure that the wheels keep turning and momentum generated is not lost. On the positive side, the VT industry has been taking steps and gearing up for what lies ahead, making the necessary changes so it can cater to the greater demand that will slowly but surely emerge. This confidence makes it amply clear there is growth potential where India’s real-estate sector is concerned. The question is not one of “if,â€? but rather one of “whenâ€? it gets realized. Segments like home elevators are witnessing a healthy demand from independent bungalows and duplex apartments alike. In addition to comfort and convenience, there is also another advantageous factor, which, until recently, had perhaps been overlooked by those booking homes in high rises: space saving. With redevelopment being the solution for urban renewal at prime locations in most Indian metros and limited space onsite for accommodating the (at least two) vehicles each family tends to possess these days, car-parking systems are being incorporated wherever feasible. This being the last quarter of 2018, the timing seems apt to bid the hurdles and speed breakers adieu as we look forward to acceleration in realty development during 2019 with the real-estate and VT stakeholders definitely feeling the “need for speed.â€?   đ&#x;Œ?

• Issue 4, Volume 11 •



2018 November Tunisia Elevateur Expo UTICA Headquarters El Khadra, Tunisia November 7-9 For more information or to register, contact CTFEXPO at or visit website: International Lift Expo, Korea Kintex Seoul, South Korea November 14-16 More information will be at when released.

The Renaissance Polat Istanbul Turkey hotel will be the host location for the inaugural International Elevator & Escalator Symposium on November 15-16 in Yesilyurt/Istanbul, Turkey. The event is being organized by Liftinstituut Solutions B.V. and Elevator World, Inc.

AsansĂśr Istanbul TĂźyap BylikdĂźzĂź Fair and Congress Center Istanbul, Turkey March 21-24 For more information on the 16th iteration of the biannual event, visit website:

International Elevator & Escalator Symposium Renaissance Polat Istanbul Hotel Yesilyurt/Istanbul, Turkey November 15-16 April-May IAEC Forum The theme for this inaugural expo, Renaissance Reno sponsored by Liftinstituut Solutions B.V. Downtown Hotel & Elevator World, Inc., is “Safety and Reno, NV New Technologies.� For more April 30-May 3 information, or to register, submit a For more information, contact paper or book a booth, email info@ International Association of Elevator or visit Consultants (IAEC) Executive Director Sheila Swett at or visit



Global Lift & Escalator 9th International Symposium on Sandton Convention Centre Elevator & Escalator Iran Johannesburg, South Africa Tehran, Iran August 27-29 February 21 For details, contact Anitha Raghunath at For more information or to register, phone: (91) 9880110153 or contact organizer at (98) 9126800295,, or G. Raghu fax: (98) 2144540595 or website: at phone: (91) 9845095803 or

February Expo Africa

March October Eurasia AsansĂśr Fair CNR Expo Istanbul, Turkey March 13-16 For more information, contact organizer CNRExpo at


ELEVATOR WORLD India • 4th Quarter 2018 •

Interlift 2019 Messe Augsburg Augsburg, Germany October 15-18 For more information or to register, visit

2020 February International Elevator & Escalator Expo Bombay Convention & Exhibition Centre Mumbai, India February 27-29 For more information or to reserve a booth, contact organizer Messe Frankfurt at website:

May World Elevator & Escalator Expo 2020 China National Exhibition and Convention Center Shanghai, China May 6-9 For more information, visit website:

September NAEC 71st Annual Convention and Exposition George R. Brown Convention Center & Houston Marriott Marquis Houston, TX September 13-16 For more information, contact Alesa McArthur of the National Association of Elevator Contractors (NAEC) at toll free: (800) 900-6232, phone: (770) 760-9660 or email: or visit website:   đ&#x;Œ?

Inside India News

Tall Towers Projects progressing, planned in northern, central states.

Noida’s Tallest Tower Looks Toward Completion At 300 m tall and 80 stories, Spira will become the tallest tower in Noida, and developer Supertech Ltd. expects it to be complete in two years, the Hindustan Times reported. Part of the Supernova development, Spira will contain 600 studio apartments and 250 other residential units, along with offices, hotels, stores and an array of high-end amenities including “high-tech and high-speed elevators,” according to contractor Arabian Construction Co. (ACC). In September, construction had reached the 59th floor on Spira, and approximately 100 residents had moved in to their homes in the 44-story, 180-m-tall Nova East and West towers. Supertech said it is developing 80,000 flats at 50 locations across northern India.

Supernova in Noida; image from ACC


ELEVATOR WORLD India • 4th Quarter 2018 •

High-Rise Towers Proposed at Nagpur Metro Station A pair of high-rise towers is being proposed for the MahaMetro Zero Mile Station in Nagpur, Nagpur Today reported in October. Anant Kalse, principal secretary of the Maharashtra state legislature, asked MahaMetro to take on the buildings as an annex to the station. Under the plan, which would total INR1.4 billion (US$19.2 million), the two towers are foreseen as rising 90 m, or 19 stories, each, and would stand 75 m apart and be connected by a walkway. A metro viaduct would pass through the two buildings. The land for the project is in possession of the police department, but the state government would turn it over to MahaMetro, should it decide to proceed with the project.

A MahaMetro viaduct would pass through the annex buildings under a proposal promoted by the Maharashtra legislature.

Mitsubishi Elevator Partners With Commercial Developer Mitsubishi Elevator India Pvt. Ltd. has formed a strategic partnership with commercial real-estate developer Elan Group of Gurgaon that will see equipment manufactured at Mitsubishi’s Inazawa Works in Japan go into Elan projects throughout the Delhi National Capital Region, Business Standard reported. Under the agreement, signed in August, Mitsubishi Elevator equipment will be installed in Elan Mercado in Sector 80, Elan Town Centre in Sector 67 and Elan Miracle on the new Dwarka Expressway that will connect Delhi and Gurgaon. Describing India as an attractive and emerging market, Mitsubishi Elevator Managing Director Ko Tanaka said the partnership will allow the company to “continue to leverage our existing, strong sales and marketing network in India.”

thyssenkrupp Elevator VR Showrooms Debut

Elan Group’s Elan Miracle on the new Dwarka Expressway that will connect Delhi and Gurgaon

thyssenkrupp Elevator launched a virtual-reality (VR) showroom in India earlier this year. The concept, which debuted at the Dubai Air Show, allows people to experience technology like the TWIN and MULTI elevator systems interactively through the use of VR headsets that provide a virtual “ride” in the elevator and a 360˚, up-close look at the way the systems work. Moreover, the company

states, various options such as cabin design can be applied instantly. The concept attracted much attention at the airshow, and VR showrooms are now in place in the U.A.E., Jordan, China, Hong Kong, Malaysia, Myanmar, Thailand, Indonesia and Taiwan. thyssenkrupp said locations would be coming soon to countries throughout Europe, as well as Saudi Arabia, Qatar, Kuwait and Egypt. The concept includes seven different theme rooms that take visitors “straight to the heart of technologies like TWIN and MULTI.” thyssenkrupp Elevator CEO Andreas Schierenbeck observed: “Our VR concept allows for really unusual and rare insights into out-of-reach areas. . . . Just like MULTI is driven by a technical revolution, our way to communicate with customers and the interested public is driven by the multiple, almost limitless possibilities that VR offers.”

thyssenkrupp Elevator’s VR showroom “allows for rare insights into out-of-reach areas.”


ELEVATOR WORLD India • 4th Quarter 2018 •

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Inside India News

Accessibility & Safety Escalators in the works at various locations.

FOB With Escalators for Accident-Prone Kolkata Location

inaugurated in June. However, one of the escalators was out of service this summer.

A foot overbridge (FOB) with escalators has been planned by the Kolkata Metropolitan Development Authority at Chingrighata, an accident-prone location where two pedestrians were hit and killed by a speeding bus in February, sparking a riot with buses set afire and police officers pelted with stones, the Millennium Post reported. A government official said in September a tender had been floated, and he expected work to be complete in approximately a year. Despite it not being permitted, pedestrians and bicyclists often cross over at Chingrighata from Sukhata Nagar and Shanti Nagar east toward Beliaghata to get water.

Two-Way Escalator for Hillslope Chattushringi Temple

Escalator Advisories to be Posted in Wake of Accident

Trustees of the Chattushringi Temple in Pune have submitted a proposal to municipal authorities to install a two-way escalator to improve accessibility for devotees, who currently must climb more than 100 steps, the Hindustan Times reported in September. According to Chattushringi Temple Trust, renovations were set to begin after Navarathri and will ideally include a 2-m-wide escalator on the temple’s right side. Trustees hope to have the escalator ready by next Navarathri. “The idea is to facilitate senior citizens and the physically challenged reaching the top,” Managing Trustee Suhas Angal told the source.

Advisories in English and Hindi on proper use of escalators were to be posted near escalators at Northern Railways Chandigarh Station in the wake of an accident in August in which a two-yearold girl, who was barefoot, “severely injured” her foot on one of the units, The Times of India reported. An investigation found there was no fault in the Platform 1 escalator and that a properly installed skirt safety was in place, though the unit had to be repaired as a result of the mishap. The child’s mother said she was carrying luggage in one hand and holding the child in another when the toddler fell with such force that her foot became trapped between the sidewall and the steps. Northern Railways is also considering posting attendants at busy embarkation and debarkation points to assist passengers who are illiterate.

Railway Official Urges Caution with Seniors on Escalators Bhubaneswar Railway Station Manager C.R. Nayak urged relatives of senior citizens to accompany them on escalators, following an August incident in which an elderly woman fell and suffered minor injuries to her leg, The Telegraph reported. The station has heavy daily footfall of approximately 80,000, with 200 trains leaving or passing through each day. There are two escalators on platforms 1 and 6, as well as a foot overbridge that was


ELEVATOR WORLD India • 4th Quarter 2018 •

Chattushringi Temple; photo by Umesh Kale

Eighth IEE Expo Announced

Attendees check out displays at IEE Expo 2018; image courtesy of Messe Frankfurt/IEE Expo.

With a growth expectancy of more than 50% in the next four years, the Indian elevator and escalator sector is scaling high, making India one of the biggest markets for the vertical transportation industry. Organizer Messe Frankfurt India noted that 2018’s International Elevator and Escalator (IEE) Expo reflected similar growth, with 174 exhibiting companies from 10 countries that included India, China, Germany, Japan, Italy, the Netherlands, Switzerland, Turkey, the U.K. and the U.S., marking a 20% increase in international participation and a 15% increase in total exhibition space. The eighth IEE Expo will be held on February 27-29, 2020, at the Bombay Exhibition Center in Mumbai.

New Escalators to Double in Mumbai DNA India has reported that the Mumbai Metropolitan Region Development Authority (MMRDA) is rushing to increase the entry and exit points and double staircases and escalators at upcoming Metro stations. In the initial plan, MMRDA had slotted two entries and exits (two staircases and two escalators) at every station (ELEVATOR WORLD India, 2nd Quarter 2018). However, to anticipate an increase in traffic over the next 20 years, this has been doubled to four staircases and four escalators. Numbers were not given, but the doubled installations are to be implemented in Metro 2A’s and Metro-7’s Dahisar East-Andheri East corridor scheduled to open in 2020.


ELEVATOR WORLD India • 4th Quarter 2018 •

Covering categories like passenger lifts, service elevators, home and apartment elevators, garage and parking elevators, accessibility elevators and lifts, machine-roomless elevators, controllers, door drives, designer cabins, hoist ropes, trailing cables, drives, push buttons, caroperating panels and many other components, the expo is expected to bring many global decisionmakers, industry leaders and technological experts under one roof. India’s elevator and escalator market stood at US$115 billion in 2017 and is expected to reach US$175 billion by 2021. Major demand is expected from the affordablehousing sector, which is expected to demand innovative solutions to supplement vertical real-estate growth. Increases in urbanization and commercial and industrial spaces have led to a revolutionary change in tier-one and -two cities: those with buildings not more than three floors are now redeveloping them into skyscrapers. This rapid progress has made the Indian elevator market the second largest in the world. It is expected to further grow at an 8.9% compound annual growth rate, crossing 104,000 units by 2021. With escalators, elevators and moving walks also used on a large scale at public places in India, IEE Expo 2020 looks to be a key platform for both exhibitors and business visitors to witness technological innovations, aesthetic designs and the progress of the country’s verticaltransportation industry. For more information, visit website:

Company Fined for Failing to Fix Elevator An elevator company was fined INR25,000 (US$363) for failing to fix an elevator in a residential building in New Delhi, The Hindu reported. New Delhi authorities said a man with a medical condition that made traversing stairs difficult requested the repairs. A company employee visited his residence “on the pretext of servicing” the lift but then never reappeared. In July, the company was ordered to pay the compensation within 30 days for the “mental harassment and agony” it caused the man, who was forced to climb stairs to the third floor.

Inside India News

Railways Efforts underway to improve accessibility, reduce downtime.

286 Escalators, 131 Elevators for Suburban Mumbai Stations

information faster in a central location will speed the repair process, he said.

Rail stations in suburban Mumbai in the Western Railway (WR) and Central Railway (CR) networks will get 286 new escalators and 131 new elevators by the end of 2019, The Times of India (ToI) reported. WR has 32 escalators either operating or being built, and work is underway on 16 more. On CR, 58 escalators were built in the past 12 months. Rail officials emphasized the need for additional escalators and elevators after the stampede at Prabhadevi Station at Elphinstone Road in 2017 in which 23 people died (ELEVATOR WORLD India, 4th Quarter 2017).

Stations Across NFR Zone Getting Lifts, Escalators

Indian Government Sets Parameters for Rail-System VT The Indian government has set mandatory parameters for electrical components in rail systems, including lifts and escalators, that must be met if states want financial assistance, ToI reported. Issued under the Make in India initiative, the parameters are aimed at achieving uniformity among electrical systems and, in the case of lighting, energy efficiency through the use of LEDs. Elevators should have minimum capacity of 1000 kg or 13 passengers and must contain 50% local components.

DMRC to Implement Online VT Equipment Monitoring Delhi Metro Rail Corp. (DMRC) said in September it plans to implement centralized online vertical-transportation (VT) equipment monitoring in an effort to reduce downtime of the network’s more than 1,500 units, The Indian Express reported. DMRC said it was accepting bids for centralized monitoring of elevators and escalators on the Pink Line, the network’s longest at 59 km between Majlis Park and Shiv Vihar. The line is under construction and will eventually have 135 elevators and 215 escalators. As of September, 56 elevators and 106 escalators were operational. A DMRC spokesman said VT equipment status and fault codes are already available, and that equipment is fixed once that information is conveyed to station authorities. Having the


ELEVATOR WORLD India • 4th Quarter 2018 •

More than 60 lifts and escalators have been or will be installed at stations across the Northeast Frontier Railway (NFR) zone, which covers the entire northeast and parts of West Bengal and Bihar, Northeast Now reported. Focusing on stations with the greatest numbers of passengers, the effort includes, in phase one, seven lifts at Guwahati, Lumding, Tinsukia, New Jalpaiguri, New Coochbehar and Katihar to have been installed by September; in phase two, 12 lifts at Guwahati, Kamakhya, Lumding, Tinsukia, Dibrugarh, New Coochbehar, Kishanganj and Katihar to have been installed by October; and 24 additional lifts at other key stations later during the fiscal year. Each lift will operate around the clock and have a capacity of 11 passengers. NFR plans to install two escalators each at Guwahati, Kamakhya, Lumding, New Tinsukia, Rangiya, New Jalpaiguri, New Coochbehar, Katihar and Kishanganj by December.

Chennai Station Repairs Include New Escalators New escalators are included in a project to repair stations in the Chennai division of Southern Railway, ToI reported in September. The roofs of several elevated stations on the Chennai BeachVelanchery Mass Rapid Transit System (MRTS) were damaged by tropical cyclone Vardah in 2016. A senior official said about INR30 million (US$413,000) has been set aside for repairs at the Mandaiveli, Kasthuribai Nagar, Valachery and Tharamani stations, and noted that the repairs were being made before the upcoming monsoon. Included are four escalators at the Chintadripet and Chepauk stations, which have been without operating escalators “for a long time,” the source said. An MRTS employee at one of the stations told the source that officials should consider reducing the number of entrances and exits at the facility as a means of protecting elevators and escalators. “Many miscreants come into the station and damage the equipment,” the employee said.


Additional Escalators, Lifts for Busy Vijayawada Junction Vijayawada Railway Junction is getting an additional set of escalators at its 10 platforms, as well as an unspecified number of lifts, Financial Express reports. With more than 150 trains passing through daily, it is Indian Railways’ (IR) third-busiest station, and upgrades that include a new foot overbridge between platforms one and 10, a new bus service and the aforementioned vertical-transportation equipment promise to ease passenger flow. The source noted IR is converting 90 of its stations into “world-class, airportlike� facilities with escalators, lifts, Wi-Fi, catering kiosks, new waiting rooms and stainless-steel benches.

Vijayawada Railway Junction; photo by MyVijayawada

Torin Conference Interacts With Customers Torin Drive and its sister company, Standard Elevators, along with United Tracing Co. (UTC), held a conference on September 29 at the Radisson Blu hotel in Noida. The session started with Managing Director of Torin Drive India Namit Kedia introducing his team and the UTC team. He provided an overview of Torin Group, which includes Torin and Standard Elevators, a division under which Torin supplies elevator solutions. After the company overview, a question-and-answer session was hosted by Milind Shingate, who is based in Torin’s Pune office. The event gave elevator companies an opportunity to meet and interact one-on-one with Torin and UTC. For Torin and UTC, it provided an opportunity to present their product portfolio, which includes not only geared and gearless machines, but also complete elevator solutions, such as machine-room kits, modernization kits, and complete elevator/escalator kits. They were also able to share some statistics, including: ♌♌ Torin has 40,000 machines installed across India. ♌♌ Torin manufactures 130,000 machines annually. ♌♌ Torin and Standard Elevators supply to 60 countries.   đ&#x;Œ?

Namit Kedia, MD Torin Drive, addressing the customers.


ELEVATOR WORLD India • 4th Quarter 2018 •

Customers listening to the product descriptions.

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Regional News

Business Big news on OEM, new initiatives and expansion

thyssenkrupp to Spin Off Elevators as Part of Split thyssenkrupp announced on September 27 it would split the company into two listed entities — thyssenkrupp Industrials with roughly 90,000 employees containing the elevator, car parts and plant-engineering divisions, and thyssenkrupp Materials with approximately 40,000 employees containing metals distribution, bearings, forging and naval vessels, as well as a 50% stake in thyssenkrupp’s joint venture with Tata Steel, various news outlets, including Reuters, reported. thyssenkrupp Industrials will initially be minority owned by thyssenkrupp Materials. The source described the move, announced by CEO Guido Kerkhoff, as the “biggest overhaul since the merger of Thyssen and Krupp 20 years ago.” Shareholders hope simplifying an “overly complex conglomerate structure” will make the divisions more competitive. Elevator Technology is thyssenkrupp’s most profitable division but still trails rival KONE, with profit margins of 12% and 13.8%, respectively. Kerkhoff told a German television station that some administrative positions could be lost due to the split, set for a shareholder vote 12-18 months from when the supervisory board approved the deal on September 20. A potential merger of thyssenkrupp with a rival is likely “off the table for the foreseeable future,” an analyst observed.


CTBUH Gets New Committee Chair, Kicks Off Research As of August, the Council on Tall Buildings and Urban Habitat (CTBUH) was reinvigorating its Height and Data Committee and seeking new members to join under the new chair, Scott Duncan of Skidmore, Owings & Merrill (SOM). CTBUH described the committee as having recently “influenced many compelling research endeavors and prompted provocative conversations with the public

about the nature of tall buildings and the trends surrounding them.” It now seeks to embrace a greater diversity of disciplines and geographies with the goal of not only improving its outputs, but also broadening its mission to incorporate a wider set of responsibilities. Throughout his 16-year tenure at SOM, Duncan’s body of work has been recognized by the American Institute of Architects, MIPIM Asia, World Architecture Festival, The Municipal Art Society of New York, and The Chicago Athenaeum. He has experience in the design and implementation of complex projects around the world, including large-scale mixed-use, transportation, commercial, hospitality and residential developments in Asia. His most recent large-scale project is the Pertamina Energy Tower in Jakarta, which CTBUH calls “the world’s first supertall tower for which energy is the primary design driver.” He has been widely published and had his work exhibited at The Chicago Athenaeum, The Skyscraper Museum and the 2002 Venice Biennale. He also serves on the advisory board for the SOM Foundation Travel Fellowship. He earned a Master of Architecture degree from the Harvard University Graduate School of Design in Cambridge, Massachusetts, and a BA in Architecture from Lehigh University in Bethlehem, Pennsylvania. The council has also announced two new research projects. The first, “Skybridges: Bringing the Horizontal Into the Vertical Realm,” is sponsored by thyssenkrupp. It will last 18 months and strive “to succinctly capture the development history of the skybridge, as well as put forward a set of principles for future development. This information will be distilled and widely disseminated in the form of a CTBUH technical guide.” The second, “Robotics in Tall Building Construction,” is sponsored by Schindler. To take place over two years, its goal is to “explore the new and promising realm of tall-building robotics, identifying areas where the quality and speed of building construction could be enhanced through the use of such technologies, while maintaining the highest degree of onsite safety.” Those interested in contributing should email a one-page expression of interest to CTBUH at Continued


ELEVATOR WORLD India • 4th Quarter 2018 •

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Startup Aims to Turn Elevator Cabs Into Fire Safe Rooms Within three years, Israeli startup Salamandra Zone aims to partner with an elevator manufacturer to bring its technology known as B-Air to the market, Israel 21c reported. Geared toward high rises, the solution consists of a small device placed on top of an elevator cab that converts toxic gases into breathable air in “nanoseconds,” as well as a high-powered fan that prevents smoke from entering the cab and sends cool air into it. The source noted that elevators typically shut off when a fire is detected, but Salamandra Zone wants to turn elevators into “safe rooms” with its system that senses and converts toxic gases, enabling escape. Earlier this year, the company’s seven-person staff spent several weeks at Underwriters Laboratories offices in the U.S. to test their equipment. Salamandra Zone CEO Marat Maayan told ELEVATOR WORLD India in September the company is in contact with a number of elevator manufacturers and is progressing toward finalization of the product.

Salamandra Zone employees (l-r) Chief Operating Officer Gili Tomer, Office Manager Galit Givon, CEO/Founder Marat Maayan, Chief Chemist Dr. Uri Stoin, Laboratory Manager Sasha Kurochkin, Chief Technology Officer Joseph Kudish and Control/Communication Engineer Liron Jefetz at the UL offices with B-Air

Oman-Headquartered VT Manufacturer Opening New Branches National Quality Art Co. for Elevators and Escalators, which in 2013 established the first elevator/escalator factory in Oman, is growing, with its third branch opening in Muscat in July and one to come soon in Dhofar, Oman, the Times of Oman reported. Numerous businessmen and government representatives attended the Muscat opening that took place under the patronage of Sheikh Saleh Bin Obaid Al Qaitaiti. The source shared that National Quality’s 6,000-m2 factory produces more than 45 kinds of vertical-transportation (VT) equipment using German, Italian and Spanish components; has more than 50 employees; and has installed more than 600 units in commercial and government facilities.

INSIDE INDIA NEWS Send to Editorial – India Vijay Pandya l Consulting Editor Virgo Publications Bangalore, India +91 9820053482,


ELEVATOR WORLD India • 4th Quarter 2018 •

Regional News

Colombo Progress and announcement of tall buildings for Sri Lanka’s capital

84-Story Ritz-Carlton Residences Rising Quickly The 326-m-tall (84-story) Ritz-Carlton Residences is rising quickly in Colombo, with construction reaching the 16th floor in September, Daily FT reported. Part of a trio of towers also including the 376-m-tall commercial building The One and 303-m-tall JW Marriott International Tower, Ritz-Carlton Residences is scheduled for completion in December 2021. It will contain one- to four-bedroom units and 2,900 m2 of event space. Previously part of the development known as Krrish Square (ELEVATOR WORLD India, 4th Quarter 2013), Ritz-Carlton Residences is being developed by One Transworks Square Ltd., with Zhong Tian Ding Hui Co. as general contractor.

floors will have swimming pools, sun decks, bars and lounges. Interiors will be designed by London-based Philippe Starck, and most floors will have tall ceilings and 180˚ water views. There will also be a helipad atop the taller tower.

Sapphire Residences, designed by Gensler for ITC Hotels

Kuala Lumpur’s Future Could Include 145-Story Building

Towers to Maximize Views, Comfort U.S.-based Gensler has designed Sapphire Residences, a pair of 140- and 224-m-tall towers connected by a skybridge with a triangular design that maximizes bay views in Colombo, dezeen reported. Set for completion in 2021, the development by ITC Hotels will have hotels in the shorter tower and 132 homes in the taller one. The 54-m-long skybridge between the 19th and 20th


ELEVATOR WORLD India • 4th Quarter 2018 •

If market conditions and demand are right, a 700-m-tall, roughly 145-story building will be built after 2030 in Kuala Lumpur’s city center by KLCC (Holdings) Sdn Bhd, EdgeProp reported. Quoting a real-estate consultant, the source said it will take up to 16 years for existing and incoming stock to be filled, based on current absorption rates of 1 million-1.5 million sq. ft. per year. Including a trio of office towers atop a retail podium on 4 acres, the proposed project would add up to 4 million sq. ft. of space to market. If built, it would dwarf the 630-m-tall Menara PNB 118 scheduled for completion in 2024 and Malaysia’s current tallest, Petronas Towers.

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Regional News

Africa High rises for Cairo, Watamu and Nairobi unveiled.

Hadid-Designed Nile Tower in Cairo Would Be Continent’s Tallest Developer Living in Interiors wants to build Nile Tower, a 70-story structure in Cairo designed by the late Zaha Hadid that would be the tallest in Africa and, ideally, signify the resurgence of Egypt as a great place to invest, Forbes reported. Despite a weakening Egyptian pound driving up the cost of construction, the developer is breaking ground because it believes “the construction sector is crucial to driving growth in the domestic economy and is key to the government’s plan for successful reforms.” Part of a larger plan to transform the area between downtown Cairo and the Nile into an upscale area, the structure would twist from a narrow base to a rectangular skyscraper that contains apartments on the top 36 floors with views of the river and pyramids, a hotel on the middle 18 floors and amenities and entertainment options below.

balconies boasting views of the ocean and tropical landscape. It would also have a casino, nightclub, convention center, theater, restaurants, a hotel and other amenities. Behind the project are veterinarian and neurosurgeon Dr. Guiseppe Moscarino and Oliver Nepomuceno, president of Swiss investment company Crystal Business S.A. Italian architect Lorenzo Pagnini is behind the design, distinguished by striking gray and black glass bands and a landscaped, rooftop helipad.

Palm Exotjca, designed by Lorenzo Pagnini

Nairobi’s Prism Tower Nile Tower, designed by the late Zaha Hadid; image from Living in Interiors

61-Story Mixed-Use Tower Envisioned on Kenyan Coast If those behind the project can make it happen, the 61-story, 370-m-tall Palm Exotjca tower will be built in the tiny beachfront town of Watamu on Kenya’s Indian Ocean coast, The Exchange reported. The structure would house 180 serviced apartments with

The Prism Tower, a 34-story steel-and-glass office building in Nairobi, Kenya, has opened to praise as the capital city’s most beautiful skyscraper, Construction & Civil Engineering News reported in August. The tower incorporates a number of environmentally friendly systems and designs, including a rainwater retention system, said Vinayak Karambalkar, vice president for sales at Kings Developers, the company that led the project. Other features include large windows to make the most of natural light, column-free spaces and generous ceiling heights. Continued


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Visitors will be subjected to security screenings, including metal detectors. The angular, irregular design suggests stacked prisms, an image that gave the tower its name. Karambalkar said the design was inspired by Nairobi’s natural beauty. It sits on 3rd Ngong Road Avenue in Upperhill, an area that has seen the rise of multimilliondollar skyscrapers targeting large organizations. The area is set to host the tallest building in Africa, the Pinnacle, sometime in 2019.

Updated Edition! The 34-story Prism Tower in Nairobi, Kenya, has opened to tenants; image from Construction & Civil Engineering News.

This unique reference tool, originally published in 1998, has now been revised to bring it up-to-date with the most modern concepts in modernisation. It has been purposely formatted to take onto job sites and to assist engineers, consultants, mechanics, surveyors and sales teams who are actively involved in the art of lift modernisation.

WHAT ELSE IS NEW? • More emphasis is given on personal Health and Safety when carrying out surveys/inspections. • Some terminology has been changed to reflect the international basis of the guide. • Life expectancies of components equipment has been changed, as required, to reflect actual useful life. • The safety colors have been reviewed and now reflect international convention • The lift traffic analysis program has been changed to reflect ELEVATE Elevator Traffic Analysis and Simulation Software.

“Twisting Garden” Includes Australia’s Future-Tallest Building Developer Beulah International selected Green Spine, a “twisting garden” by UNStudio and Cox Architecture, as the winner of an international design competition that will include Australia’s tallest building at 356 m, or approximately 107 stories, various news outlets, including CNN, reported. The two-tower, mixed-use development is set to break ground in 2020 in Melbourne’s Southbank area. Cox Principal Director Philip Rowe said the “spine” of landscaped balconies and terraces was inspired by Melbourne’s gardens and boulevards and will itself be a “vertical boulevard.” Dutch UNStudio and Australian Cox beat out firms including Bjarke Ingels Group and Woods Bagot with their winning design.

Green Spine includes a structure that will surpass the Gold Coast’s Q1 as Australia’s tallest building; rendering by UNStudio and Cox Architecture.


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Regional News

Dubai Progress made on the massive Dubai Creek Harbour and Uptown Dubai developments.

Dubai Creek Harbour Update

Uptown Dubai With Two Supertalls Progressing

Several sources, including the Khaleej Times, reported that Emaar Properties’ Dubai Creek Harbour will start welcoming its first residents early next year, with the first homes to be delivered in Creek Island Dubai. The first part of Creek Island Dubai opening will be a six-tower residential development with 872 apartments called “The Dubai Creek Residences,” which was 90% complete this summer. The waterfront destination is planned to “bring island living” to more than 33,500. Other parts of the complex include Creek Marina, home to the Vida Harbour Point, a 286-room upscale hotel, to open in 2019; residential developments Creekside 18 and Harbour Views, with 1,262 apartments, to be completed in the first half of 2020; Creek Horizon, with 556 apartments, due for handover in mid 2020; and low-rise waterfront building The Cove, with 276 apartments, to be delivered in the first half of 2020. Approximately 15% of work on other upcoming residential developments in Creek Island Dubai had been completed this summer. Handovers are expected throughout 2020. They include: ♦♦ Creek Gate (490 apartments) ♦♦ Creek Rise (543 apartments) ♦♦ Harbour Gate (505 apartments)

Pilings and the foundation for one of two supertall mixed-use towers making up Uptown Dubai by Dubai Multi Commodities Center (DMCC) have been laid, and construction is progressing apace, ConstructionWeekOnline.Com reported in August. Consisting of 459- and 340-m-tall towers, the development is next to Jumeirah Lake Towers. The 340-m-tall tower, under construction now, will include hotel rooms in partnership with Accor Hotels, restaurants, offices and 237 residences. Completion is anticipated in 2021. With pilings and concrete in place for both the tower and two-level central plaza, DMCC Chairman Ahmed Bin Sulayem stated the company is “laser focused on delivering Uptown Dubai. . . on time and within budget.”

Foundation work had been laid, and 170,000 m3 of soil had been excavated to make way for “The Tower” (planned as the future tallest building in the world [ELEVATOR WORLD India, 3rd Quarter 2016]), but 4,000 residents will move into these Dubai Creek Residences much sooner; photo courtesy of the Dubai Media Office.


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Model of Uptown Dubai; picture courtesy DMCC

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Regional News

Kuwait Plans for a 1-km-tall building and “intensive inspection campaign.�

Plans Revealed for Huge Silk City Project

Countrywide Elevator Inspection Campaign

Plans for Silk City, a massive, KWD26.1-billion (US$86-billion) development in Kuwait centered around a 1-km-tall tower, have been revealed, reported in July. The project, part of the Kuwait National Development Plan 2035, will cover 250 km2 in northern Kuwait’s Subiya area. Silk City will provide housing for up to 700,000 people and will feature four quarters, or “villages,� that will have hotels, sports and medical facilities, a nature reserve, port and airport facilities, and an Olympic-class stadium. It will be connected to Kuwait City via Jaber Causeway, a bridge currently under construction that, when complete, will be the world’s fourth-longest bridge. The main attraction will be the Mubarak Al-Kabir tower, a 1-km-tall, 234-story building that will house 7,000 people. It will consist of seven “vertical villages,� each with hotels, residences, offices and entertainment facilities. The project is expected to be completed over a 25-year period and is designed to boost tourism and investment in the country.

The Kuwait Times reported in July that the Kuwait Fire Service Directorate’s (KFSD) prevention inspection teams launched an “intensive inspection campaign of various buildings to make sure all elevators work safely and properly.� Said to be part of its activities to boost public awareness about safety on elevators, KFSD is urging various facility owners to have elevators regularly maintained by accredited, licensed companies; install inner protection doors; and replace all manual doors with automatic ones.

An artist’s rendering shows the planned Silk City development in northern Kuwait, which features the 1-km-tall Mubarak Al-Kabir tower.


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Indonesia’s Future Tallest Building Eying 2019 Top Out Construction on Indonesia’s future tallest building, the 70-story, 333.5-m-tall Thamrin Nine Tower 1 (ELEVATOR WORLD India, 2nd Quarter 2015) in Jakarta, reached the 32nd floor in July and is headed toward topping out in mid 2019, Kompas reported. Designed by Kohn Pedersen Fox for developer PT Putragaya Wahana, the building will house offices and a Waldorf Astoria hotel when it opens in 2020. It is within the 5.2-ha Thamrin Nine mixed-use development that also includes the 62-story, 274-m-tall Thamrin Nine Tower 2 with offices, residences and hotel rooms. Schindler provided the verticaltransportation package for the first tower.   đ&#x;Œ?

Industry Dialogue

Big on Education Schindler India & South Asia officer talks about comprehensive, ambitious social outreach program Fulfill Futures. by Yash Pandya


Shubha Arora (SA), chief peoples officer, Schindler India & South Asia, shares insights with ELEVATOR WORLD India (EWI) on the company’s corporate social responsibility (CSR) initiatives and how they benefit the industry at a macro level. EWI: What was the rationale behind setting up the CSR initiatives to cover four specific aspects? What are some of the activities conducted this past year? SA: Schindler India’s CSR program, Fulfill Futures, was launched in 2014 to make a positive impact on the communities in which we live and operate. The program’s very name reflects our awareness of the responsibility and the way in which we perceive our business that we want to

express and amplify through a comprehensive, ambitious social outreach program. Schindler India believes that lack of education through social and economic disadvantage is the greatest barrier to equal opportunity. Recognizing the life-changing potential education holds, Fulfill Futures supports investments in: ♦♦ Sustainable initiatives for communities (urban and rural) to bring about positive developments ♦♦ The transformative potential of education ♦♦ Safety, because it is one of the core values at Schindler ♦♦ Our employee volunteering program EVOLVE (Employee Volunteering Opportunities to build Leadership, Values and Engagement) In 2018, we:


SIM scholars visiting ITI Belapur


ELEVATOR WORLD India • 4th Quarter 2018 •

♦♦ Hosted a science fair for the children living on the construction site at our Chakan plant ♦♦ Held a graduation-day celebration for Industrial Training Institute (ITI) Aundh Schindler Igniting Minds (SIM) scholars, who made up the first batch of students ♦♦ Developed and inaugurated a computer lab at ITI Uran, Raigad ♦♦ Signed a memorandum of understanding (MoU) with ITI Bangalore ♦♦ Launched the SIM open scholarship program, which has already awarded 75 scholarships to Diploma Engineering students across India EWI: How does the SIM scholarship program work? SA: SIM is crafted around the Skill India Initiative with a vision to reach out to meritorious students from economically disadvantaged backgrounds pursuing technical education. One of the primary stakeholders identified for SIM, besides students, were college deans, directors, professors and student coordinators. An MoU was signed in agreement with the institutes/colleges. A working partnership with institutes/colleges aids in planning, execution and monitoring of our ongoing SIM scholarship. This collaborative effort has resulted in running SIM successfully. We have a defined process for selecting our SIM scholars: ♦♦ Orientation: An orientation program organized on campus for students introduces the organization, SIM scholarship details, eligibility and selection criteria. ♦♦ Skill evaluation: A test is conducted for ITI students and essay writing for engineering students. ♦♦ Shortlisting: Applicants are shortlisted based on eligibility criteria, a skills evaluation test and essay writing. ♦♦ Personal interview: Shortlisted applicants are called for a personal interview and evaluated on communication skills, confidence level, career goals, motivation and need for scholarship. ♦♦ Selection: Selected candidates are informed by their colleges. They are given a welcome kit and scholarship letter. They then begin their journey as SIM scholars. EWI: How do Schindler CSR initiatives, especially the education and safety awareness aspects, benefit the elevator industry as a whole? SA: We have a whole engagement plan for the SIM scholars, from campus to corporate soft-skills training, industry exposure, an internship and a graduation ceremony to commemorate their success. We are working toward creating a pool of industry-ready engineers and technicians who can be employed in any industry. As part of our safety initiatives, we work with government and other schools to train children on the safe usage of elevators and escalators. A goal of this training is for the safe-usage information to cascade to their family and friends. EWI: What is the importance of regular elevator and escalator maintenance and ensuring trained


ELEVATOR WORLD India • 4th Quarter 2018 •

personnel for that in the current scenario? Does Schindler provide inputs or machinery/practical job training to any technical institutions to facilitate this? SA: Safety is one of our core values, and customer service after equipment installation is paramount. After-installation maintenance is important for the smooth running of any elevator and escalator; we train our field technicians to prepare them to give the best service so that our product functions efficiently. Recognizing the importance of highly skilled manpower, Schindler has invested in the Schindler University in Pune and in four full-fledged, training centers — one each at Mumbai, Bangalore, Pune and Noida. These training centers are equipped with elevator shafts and electronic control simulators, which ensure each Schindler engineer and service technician is trained and certified to work on the equipment. The university aims at providing the most skilled project managers and engineers to execute elevator and escalator installations at key projects. EWI: Does Schindler guide any institutions about keeping courses industry relevant, considering the fast pace of technological advances? SA: Schindler India does not guide any institution. But, through Schindler University at our plant in Chakan, we cater to the needs of the ever-changing industry dynamics with respect to technological advancements. This facility is the first of its kind in India to train engineering graduates to become techno-commercial executives enabled to handle major projects, communication and project management. The university will be able to train about 300 people at a time and strive to improve overall installation capabilities, customer interaction and support. Yash Pandya reflects the changing paradigm of new-age journalism, which is part storytelling, part statistical data and part what the future might hold. Though based in Mumbai, he has traveled abroad extensively and considers himself a “global writer” who is not constrained by geographical boundaries.

The first class of SIM graduates and their instructors


Periodic Maintenance and Modernization of Elevator Doors Ensuring safety and eliminating waste are key goals of the upkeep program. by Ömer Gürkan Gürbüz “Periodic maintenance” refers to the maintenance processes carried out periodically — typically, every month — after the commissioning of the elevator by the elevator assembler or authorized service provider. This is done to ensure the elevator meets the maximum safety requirements or new code revisions, in accordance with current legislation, over the lifetime of the system. The purpose of periodic maintenance is to ensure the operating health of this electromechanical system, to prevent loss of life or permanent injuries, as well as to minimize operational waste. The following are maintenance points that should be performed once a month for elevator cars and doors: ♦♦ Doors must be checked thoroughly for dust and corrosion. (Acidic cleaning products must never be used on door panels.) ♦♦ Rails and rail pulleys must be cleaned. ♦♦ Threshold ducts on which the panels move must be cleaned. ♦♦ Steel ropes on the panel conveyors must be examined every six months, and refraction detection must be performed. ♦♦ If vibration is detected in the car and door panels, this may be caused by worn or broken rail pulleys or dust accumulation between the rail and pulley. In such cases, cleaning must be done, and worn materials must be replaced. ♦♦ If the lower part of the panel drags 10-20 mm behind or generates noise when the panels move, the throttle adjustment must be checked. ♦♦ Door locks and lock components must be adjusted to ensure proper operation.


ELEVATOR WORLD India • 4th Quarter 2018 •

♦♦ Proper spacing of safety contacts (plug contacts) must be checked and adjusted as needed, and any oxidation present in the contact springs must be removed. The mechanical health of an elevator more than 10 years old is best ensured through modernization, not simply through periodic maintenance. The maintenance of old elevator systems may allow the decay of primary system requirements and may result in deficiencies being ignored, especially in cases of constantly increasing load and traffic intensity.

Why Modernization? The secure lifetime of elevators is about 10 years. The dynamic components making up the system are subject to wear over time because of friction caused by the force/acceleration relationship, and operating efficiency of elevators decreases because of metal fatigue. Dynamic parts exposed to continuous tension constitute the basic safety gear of the elevator. The mechanical health of the system must be emphasized to ensure safety features operate efficiently and safety criteria are met. Renovation of the elevators puts them in accordance with safety criteria per the relevant elevator directives, offers energy savings, allows for higher speed and more comfort, and gives the elevator a modern and aesthetic appearance. Ömer Gürkan Gürbüz is an electronics engineer and R&D manager for Merih Asansör, a manufacturer of elevator doors, cabs and systems in Ankara, Turkey.


Learning the Rules National Building Code workshop highlights the importance of systematic development.

by Sheetal Shelar Patil Regulations and real-estate development go hand in hand, so to increase awareness and clarify concepts, educational sessions are constantly organized across the country. The latest such initiative was the two-day National Workshop on the National Building Code of India 2016, held on July 13-14 at the Pt Deendayal Upadhyay Auditorium in Raipur. The event was jointly organized by the Indian Buildings Congress (IBC), Chhattisgarh State Centre and the Bureau of Indian Standards (BIS) New Delhi. A group of about 1,700 delegates representing building regulatory authorities, government and private construction agencies, building professionals, and faculty and students of technical education institutions participated. The workshop was inaugurated by Rajesh Munat, minister, Chhattisgarh Government (Public Works Department, Housing & Environment, Transport). Surina Rajan, director

O.P. Goel, founder president, IBC, addresses the National Building Code 2016 workshop, which was held in Raipur in July.


ELEVATOR WORLD India • 4th Quarter 2018 •

general, BIS, presided over the function. India Buildings Congress President Abhai Sinha, Founder President O.P. Goel and Vice Chancellor of Swami Vivekananda Technical University Dr. M.K. Verma were the guests of honor. Addressing the function, Munat said a large part of development activities is associated with the construction sector, whether it is building construction, industries, irrigation, electricity, agriculture, transport or education and health. It is here that the new National Building Code plays an important role. He said that, at present, the need is to prepare a working scheme, along with a long vision for completion of construction-related works, in which the focus should be on quality and completion of each project within the specified time. He also urged developers, engineers and other representatives of the construction industry to carry out a study tour of Naya Raipur, which is being developed as a “green” “smart city” of the 21st century. The minister also released a souvenir, published by the IBC, Chhattisgarh State Center. Rajan explained in detail about formation of the BIS and the code of conduct. National Building Code 2016 incorporates administrative and technical provisions that can be adopted by local bodies to revise and revamp their building bylaws, she said. BIS also takes a lead role in the construction sector, and construction works are carried out as per the responsibilities given by the government. BIS is also finalizing standards for smart-city projects, she said, and reported it will open a new office at Naya Raipur. BIS Director and Chief Sanjay Pant said the National Building Code has been drafted with a performance orientation, analyzing the minute Continued

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A distinguished panel is seated for the workshop. Building professionals follow the workshop proceedings in the Pt Deendayal Upadhyay Auditorium in Raipur.

Members of the panel, including IBC and BIS representatives, participate in the launch of the NBC 2016 Workshop souvenir book. Pictured are (l-r) workshop Organizing Chairman G.S. Solanki; BIS Director Sanjay Pant; Guest of Honor Dr. M.K. Verma; IBC Secretary P.K. Mittal; Chhattisgarh Government Minister of the Public Works Department, Housing & Environment and Transportation, and chief patron of IBC CG State Center Rajesh Munat; Director General of BIS Surina Rajan; IBC President Abhai Sinha; and IBC Founder President O.P. Goel.

details of construction industries and removing flaws. The code emphasizes the importance of pre-planning construction activity and lays down areas where pre-planning would have to be done in a more coordinated manner. The need for proper planning and coordination among professionals from conceptualization to completion and, subsequently, in operations and maintenance, has been conspicuously brought out in this code. G.S. Solanki, former president, IBC, Chhattisgarh State Center, said during his welcome speech that the IBC Chhattisgarh State Center has approximately 400 members and urged more people to associate with it so they get the benefit of the NBC. Also addressing the workshop was IBC Secretary Pradeep Mittal, who highlighted the organization’s activities in nation building. IBC’s Sinha emphasized the organization’s role in creating a better built environment for the country. Founder President O.P. Goel described the IBC’s journey since its inception and expressed appreciation for the activities of IBC Chhattisgarh State Centre. CG State Center Chairman Alok Mahawar proposed a vote of thanks. In all, there were eight sessions during which various important sections of NBC 2016 were presented and discussed. Sanjay Pant, director and head (Civil Engineering), BIS, presented the “Administrative” and “Enforcement” aspects, along with a brief


ELEVATOR WORLD India • 4th Quarter 2018 •

Workshop participants express their satisfaction with the learning experience.

overview of NBC 2016. He spoke about the concepts of developing land within regulations. He also talked about various instruments for building regulations. S.K. Dheri, convener of the panel for fire protection in NBC 2016, highlighted the importance of the provisions for fire and life safety. Dheri said approximately 69% of fire incidences in buildings result from electrical failures. He talked about building classifications in relation to fire and safety, and fire-zone demarcation. At the concluding session of the workshop, Bhupendra Sawanni, chairman of the Chhattisgarh Housing Board, said the information received from experts will be utilized in new construction, and the technical information received from such workshops will be helpful for young engineers. Sheetal Shelar Patil works with a content solutions agency, overseeing weekend sections, special features, news columns, magazines and theme pages for one of India’s leading Englishlanguage daily newspapers, as well as working with several business-to-business publications. A holder of a diploma course in journalism, Patil previously worked in administrative positions with various real-estate, hospitality and media enterprises.

Industry Dialogue

Building a Skills Bridge to Industry 4.0 Otis president offers insights into a rapidly changing labor landscape.

by Judy Marks This article on perspectives on technology developments and their implications for the VT industry was excerpted from the author’s LinkedIn blog. . . . Editor The technology revolution is radically transforming every aspect of our lives with enormous social and economic benefits. I’m often asked whether this revolution will leave certain workers behind. I recently participated in a panel discussion on Industry 4.0 at the IBM Think 2018 conference. We talked a lot about the disruption we’re seeing across industries, from high-tech to manufacturing to financial services. It’s true that many jobs are being transformed by Industry 4.0, shifting millions of workers into roles that require new skills, particularly in the craft and trade areas. Technology is changing how work gets done — but it can’t replace the pride, passion, creativity and judgment that humans bring to the job. I’ve spent more than 30 years in technology industries and personally witnessed the third and now the fourth industrial revolutions. What’s different about Industry 4.0 is the pace of change — it’s exponential, rather than linear. To succeed in this environment — to be the disrupter rather than the one being disrupted — it’s critical to foster a culture that embraces change, including the changing skills our workforce needs to succeed in the new digital economy. That’s why I’m so focused on workforce development.

becoming more advanced and increasingly digital. Our elevators today are smarter and connected – rich with data from our controllers and sensors. We’re connecting our network of over two million elevators and escalators, collecting this equipment data in real time and tying the information to smartphone apps used by our 33,000 mechanics in the field. This new digital ecosystem will help us identify potential issues before they occur, streamline repairs and minimize service disruptions to better serve our customers. This data will also form the Internet of Things (IoT) backbone that connects our customers, our passengers, our mechanics and others in new ways through new business models. We recognized that the success of our service transformation would require a shift in how our mechanics approached their jobs, which meant Continued

Foster a Culture That Promotes Collaboration and Continuous Learning The role of the elevator mechanic at Otis is an example of how the industrial trades are


ELEVATOR WORLD India • 4th Quarter 2018 •

Otis President Judy Marks talks with employees during a recent visit to the Otis factory in Bengaluru.

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Induction Motor

ACPM motor

training them in the use of the new technology and getting them to accept and rapidly adopt it. Our approach involved change management networks and the creation of online communities like Yammer for learning and collaboration. We also created a “Champion Network” to support the growth of our field mechanics’ skill sets. To date, we have more than 1,000 Champions, who are helping lead the deployment and adoption of our new mobile service applications. As service ambassadors, our Champions share information and resources to educate colleagues and field users. At the same time, we integrate feedback from the field into app enhancements. This engagement helps us train teams on the tools and ensure adoption over the short and long term. It’s not just our service colleagues who are gaining new digital skills. Otis colleagues across many functions are enhancing their digital acumen in design methodology at the United Technologies Corp. (UTC) Digital Accelerator, the digital incubator for UTC, our corporate parent. We’re developing curricula and supporting certificate programs aimed at strengthening skills in new ways of working and developing products: user-centric design, Agile, Minimally Viable Product (MVP) and rapid prototyping, among other areas.

Apprenticeship Programs and Other Educational Models Many industries face similar challenges in bridging the skills gap. We need to raise the knowledge base and core digital skills of all students and future employees as they go from K through 12 and on to trade schools, community colleges or universities. The public and private sectors can work together to build training and education systems that are highly responsive to industry trends and employment skill needs. I’ve written before about the importance of reskilling: A good example is Germany’s proven apprenticeship model that allows students to earn a living while they learn a vocation in a particular company. At Otis, we have established similar programs in Europe, the Middle East and Africa, and partnered with industry groups, unions and technical schools throughout the world to create innovative programs to train our next generation of mechanics. In China, the Otis Technical Academy is collaborating with five leading technical schools and a growing network of other technical schools across the country to develop our professional service mechanics and provide hands-on training for new mechanics. In the U.S. and Canada, Otis and other industry employers partnered with the International Union of Elevator Constructors (IUEC) to establish the National Elevator Industry Education Program (NEIEP), a certified apprenticeship program to provide skills required of our elevator field technicians. UTC today invests in more than 30 workforce training programs in the U.S., including apprenticeships, community-college and high-school partnerships, and digital certificate programs. UTC also offers a global company-paid higher-education program. It sponsors robotics competitions around the world to encourage science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM) interest among school-aged young people. These are great examples of what we’re doing now, but there is more to be done. In the area of external partnerships, we have great opportunities for

the future. I believe that new partnerships will continue to emerge with different, nontraditional participants and digital initiatives. We look forward to engaging in partnership opportunities that benefit all communities.

Seek Diverse Experience to Maximize Knowledge Transfer Digital skills are not exclusive to digital natives, and hiring younger workers is not a comprehensive solution to the skills gap. To nurture an environment of learning, we need to take advantage of our diverse strengths and make the sharing of knowledge a priority. Our more experienced colleagues can pass on their years of institutional knowledge and deep domain expertise to the next generation of mechanics. At the same time, they can benefit from the digital problem-solving skills and tools of their younger colleagues. Collaboration is the key, and it works both ways!

Embracing Change I see a bright future for skilled trade workers in this technology revolution, although I understand the sense of apprehension about the changes brought by Industry 4.0. Change is inherently positive, but it poses challenges for people in any organization. Continuous learning is foundational in an enterprise to facilitate these changes. So, a leader needs to focus on people and change management to successfully guide colleagues in the organization from the past to the future. In our digital economy, that includes building a bridge over the skills gap that people can confidently cross.

Balancing Connection and Connectivity: Building Customer Trust New technology is more personalized to suit the way people want to shop. It empowers customers with instant information. It removes inefficiencies, collects and analyzes data, and helps you understand your customers to serve them better. The biggest difference in customer service across many industries is that there are fewer face-to-face interactions. That tends to make some people uneasy, because it feels like a loss of personalized service. But, I disagree. I believe technology makes personalization stronger and in-person interactions more valuable. The key is applying technology and reducing that data to action, which can drive the customer experience of today and tomorrow. To meet these changes and promote stronger connections at Otis, our service approach has evolved with new technology. Still, commitment must come first. I’ve always believed people do business with people, regardless of the size of a deal or experience. Otis has tremendous reach, but what I have witnessed is the depth of local commitment. With over 1,000 branches across approximately 200 countries and territories, Otis service teams are the nucleus of hundreds of thousands of customer relationships, including over 100,000 visits on a daily basis globally. In fact, the mechanics I meet in the field often reference the building they service not by its name or address, but as “my building.” Today, our challenge is applying technology to facilitate this kind of personal engagement to be more effective, safer, efficient and valuable for our customers in a world exploding with data. So, as we evolve the way we provide customer service through Continued


ELEVATOR WORLD India • 4th Quarter 2018 •

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technology, we remain focused on the people we serve. What are their needs and pain points? What are they looking for, and what is each step it takes for them to get there? To improve the customer journey, we’re aligning every touchpoint in a single ecosystem to better meet their needs. Maintenance history, account details and more will be managed in real time. So, when customers ask about a support issue, we can confidently provide solutions that are transparent and accurate up to the minute. This same information will be tied to apps used by mechanics remotely in the field. Instead of receiving a service call and arriving with no information, mechanics will be notified about the issue and parts needed before setting foot in the building. Even better, we will enable our teams through predictive technology that can help prevent shutdowns, and technology that will also remotely address and fix certain issues. Every customer expects problems to be resolved quickly and efficiently. To forge more meaningful relationships, we will use technology to be proactive. Customers also need advocates. That’s why we are empowering our teams with digital tools to make decisions in real time, anticipate problems and present solutions before they’re asked. However, you can’t predict every problem yet, and not every customer will be thrilled. Even in a very large organization, it’s not uncommon for people to reach out directly to me, despite our local teams and communication channels. I welcome this and immediately engage our teams to respond, whether in New York City or London or anywhere around the globe. In today’s


ELEVATOR WORLD India • 4th Quarter 2018 •

connected world, leaders need to be just as accessible and responsive as our colleagues and team members. In the first weekend after I started my position as president of Otis, I was copied on an email from a hotel assistant general manager. He needed his elevators back up and running, and I could feel the challenge he was facing. I ensured that our team responded quickly, because everyone should provide customer service, no matter their role in the organization. Whether it’s a problem with billing or maintenance or collections or sales, the important part is how we respond. When we all share the same commitment, we build trust. Anyone can collect data. Having the confidence to act and ability to improvise and engage is something very different. What truly makes a better customer experience is when you have technology that creates seamless service, and your people feel empowered to deliver on your company’s promises. Judy Marks was named Otis president in October 2017, making her the first woman to lead a subsidiary of United Technologies Corp. She came to Otis from Siemens USA, where she served as CEO, leading operations and services in electrification, automation and digitization. She previously held leadership positions at Lockheed Martin and IBM. Marks holds a degree in Electrical Engineering from Lehigh University in Bethlehem, Pennsylvania.


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Car-parking options can help alleviate urban congestion. by Amish Mistry

When we think about building-transportation systems, the ones that come to mind are usually those designed for carrying people or freight up and down within buildings or across airport terminals and malls. It’s comparable to the ferry; you see it, and the first thing envisioned is people with luggage. But, it is also possible to drive a vehicle onto and off a ferry boat, transporting both the passenger and vehicle. Similarly, the way passenger elevators in a building take you to the floor where you spend the day at work, and freight elevators deliver supplies, there are also many vertical and horizontal vehicle-transporting or parking systems that maximize space by moving your car to an assigned space until you need to retrieve it. Why do we need these? According to the United Nations, 55% of the world’s population lives in urban areas. This figure is expected to increase to around 70% by 2050. Effectively, this means the overall growth of the world’s population could add another 2.5 billion people to urban areas by 2050, with close to 90% of this increase taking place in Asia and Africa alone. The projection further says that India alone will have added 416 million urban dwellers by 2050. This, in itself, has wide-ranging implications. As the situation stands, cities across India not only have to cope with an increase in human population, they also have to deal with the fact that, with increasing disposable incomes and an array of easy and convenient financing options for urban dwellers, the number of vehicles on the road is also on the rise — and, what’s more, it is rising at an accelerating pace. Traffic congestion on the roads is a matter of great concern among a host of problems the average Indian city confronts daily. Cars moving slower, longer trip times and bumper-to-bumper traffic are some of the everyday scenarios on busy urban roads. Often, there’s a spillover effect from congested main roads to secondary arterial roads and side streets as drivers seek alternative routes. This, in turn, affects neighborhoods — and their realestate prices.


ELEVATOR WORLD India • 4th Quarter 2018 •

The traffic situation is further compounded by the fact that there aren’t adequate parking spaces in cities, leading to people parking along roadsides and footpaths. Consequently, this leads to a reduction in valuable road space. Meanwhile, drivers look for parking spaces near their destinations. They drive around the block for a considerable period of time as they search for a convenient space to park. As they search, they add to the environmental and economic impact, in terms of increased traffic congestion, air pollution and delays for others. With estate prices increasing and urban spaces simultaneously shrinking, high-rise buildings with a reduced footprint are becoming the norm. In this scenario, conventional parking design is not only proving to be cost prohibitive, but, more importantly, space prohibitive. Every design, be it for apartments, institutions, hospitals, public buildings, or even neighborhoods and huge campuses, will need to ensure comfortable vehicular movement and equally safe and secure parking systems at all levels. Thus, designing intelligent parking spaces has become an indispensable factor of contemporary urban design, with automated multilevel car parking systems (MLCPS) emerging as an effective solution for relieving urban congestion.

MLCPSes An MLCPS is employed to increase car parking slots by taking advantage of vertical urban space. For example, it might house 20 cars within the same footprint as a parking lot occupied by four cars in conventional parking conditions. The biggest advantage of the multilevel system is that it consumes much less space than a conventional parking lot holding the same number of cars. These systems can be customized to scale for apartments, housing colonies, campuses, unutilized city spaces or even open space between two structures. The system can be either semiautomated or fully automated. The mechanism of these systems are composed of cameras, digitally controlled sensors and the mechanical components of the system. Both semiautomated and fully automated systems detect car

parking spaces with digital sensors. While the cars are parked by drivers in the semiautomated system, the fully automated system has a major advantage in that it parks cars automatically in the sensor-detected, available slot.

Puzzle Puzzle car-parking systems are designed to make optimum use of available space. These systems are designed on a matrix, with the cars being parked transiting vertically, as well as horizontally, until the car that’s moving out comes to the exit level. This system consists of parking spaces divided into rows and columns with various possible combinations; e.g., 4 X 4, 4 X 5, 5 X 3, etc. Some slots are kept free to enable the horizontal and vertical movement of the platforms. In a puzzle car-parking system, all the vehicles are independent of each other, which gives it a distinct advantage over some other systems. Puzzle systems can be semiautomated or fully automated, enable efficient drive-in and drive-out with multiple entry and exit points (thereby reducing parking time), and offer minimal operational and maintenance costs. This type of system can be installed indoors, as well as outdoors, and at a relatively low installation cost, which further makes it a good alternative for residential and commercial complexes.

Tower Tower parking systems are designed to accommodate many vehicles within limited available space. These systems consist of a lift and automated storage systems. The lift receives the car at the entry point, then parks it at its allotted parking slot. The main advantage of a tower parking system is that more than 10 cars can be parked vertically within the footprint of a single parking spot. The main advantage in this type of system is that, since it accommodates many vehicles within a limited space, it renders itself a cost-effective solution. Also, since cars are parked vertically, it virtually eliminates the threat of theft. Construction time is low, adding to the tower system’s inherent economy of scale. Also, the system affords the flexibility of scaling up for more available space. Tower systems are very effective in places like apartment complexes, hotels, Continued

The carpark system at Bhulabhai Desai Road in Mumbai • Issue 4, Volume 11 •


Sketches by Amish Mistry

♦♦ Minimal (semiautomated system) to no human intervention (fully automated system) required for parking and retrieval of vehicles ♦♦ High efficiency, since most of the system is digitally controlled ♦♦ Maximum space utilization by way of parking multiple cars in a single parking-space footprint ♦♦ Low construction costs, as the systems are prefabricated ♦♦ Low operating and maintenance costs ♦♦ Closed-circuit cameras make these systems virtually theft proof. The use of vertical space further reduces the chances of car theft. ♦♦ Because cars are parked by the system, less fuel is burned (compared to drivers searching for parking spaces), thus reducing CO2 emissions. ♦♦ These systems free up valuable urban space for landscaping and gardening, further adding to their environmental value.


ELEVATOR WORLD India • 4th Quarter 2018 •

♦♦ The systems can be installed and uninstalled wherever necessary because they are made of prefabricated components. Multilevel car parking systems are emerging as powerful solutions to alleviating major urban issues related to vehicular traffic movement and parking space. They can also be potential employment generators across India, because Tier-II and -III cities are growing at a rapid pace, bringing increasing amounts of vehicular traffic to their streets and roads. Smart cities are being planned across India, as are satellite townships. Many potential future issues can be eliminated from the outset by integrating these parking systems at a germinating stage. And, because MLCPSes employ digital technology — which is continually being updated — they will only get more efficient with the passage of time. This augurs well for the future.

institutional buildings, malls, hospitals and any structure that requires high-density parking.

Stack These systems consist of a pallet that is lifted up once the car is parked in the slot. Thus, an additional car can be parked in the space made available by lifting the pallet. These systems can be electromechanically or hydraulically operated, and installed indoors or outdoors. Moreover, the installation can be executed on any flat area without having to resort to additional construction to the available surface. These systems offer such advantages as low power consumption, ease of maintenance and simplicity of operations, making them ideally suited for residential complexes and multiplexes.

Rotary These systems are based on the principle of a merry-go-round and can accommodate 10-12 vehicles within the conventional space requirement of two vehicles. They are simple to operate, with the driver parking and leaving the vehicle in the system at the entry point. The vehicle is then automatically parked by the system rotating to lift the parked car away from the bottom central position. This leaves an empty parking space available at the ground level on which the next car can be parked. Rotary car-parking systems are ideal for residential complexes, multiplexes, medium-sized commercial spaces, etc., where the parking requirement is not too high, because they have a capacity limit of around 12 vehicles. Also, they can only be installed outdoors. Scaling up is not possible, but additional modules can be added to marginally increase capacity.

Chess These systems offer highly efficient space utilization, because they eliminate the need for driveways and other mechanisms. Floor-mounted roller beds facilitate the crisscross movement of the pallet and car. Also, because the mechanism has a floormounted roller-bed system, it is preferable to mount it on a reinforced cement concrete floor. Independent lifts act as entry and exit stations. Again, this system is ideal for parking many (1,000-1,200) vehicles and can be designed with strictly square or rectangular dimensions. Chess systems are ideal for mini townships, industrial zones and neighborhood districts that have high-density parking requirements.

Turntable Cars can be rotated 360° within a space of just 5 m with the turntable system. With the turntable, a car’s direction can be maneuvered at any given angle to be driven out easily when required. The system can be installed as either a standalone or a built-in type.

Cart In this system, entire parking floors are moved by fully automated built-in carts. Multiple entry and exit points make this system comfortable and most efficient in longitudinal parking lots. It can be designed with or without pallets for parking requirements ranging from 100 to more than 300 cars.

Stacker A typical storage assembly and unique mechanism called a “stacker” are the main elements of this fully automatic system. Moving along a central axis with parking slots on either side, the stacker pulls and pushes cars to and from the car lifts and Continued

“Vertical transportation is always more efficient than horizontal transportation,” said Architect Hafeez Contractor, who designed one of the first multilevel tower car park systems, at Bhulabhai Desai Road in Mumbai. He continued: “Take, for example, lifts. A high rise composed of 20 stories works more efficiently than 20 houses lining a street. Imagine the carbon emissions involved with the use of a car, which the driver would employ to travel from one end of the street to the other. With lifts, there is considerably less use of energy, and, with technology getting more efficient, the future will only see lifts becoming more power efficient. Also, since lifts are used regularly by humans, any malfunction is immediately addressed. “Sadly, this is not the case with car lifts. We have to understand that a mechanized car parking system is a machine, which is technologically and energy intensive. Thus, there is always the chance of a malfunction waiting to happen somewhere. It (the car lift) therefore demands regular maintenance, and maintenance comes at a cost. Hence, mechanized parking systems will need to become easier to maintain, both technologically and economically.”

Architect Hafeez Contractor says it’s important car lifts get regular maintenance, which needs to be made technologically easier and economical. He feels the costs for acquisition and power for the systems needs to come down substantially to make them financially viable. • Issue 4, Volume 11 •


The Autostadt in Germany can park hundreds of cars in a fraction of the space of a conventional parking lot.

parking bays. The stacker is digitally controlled with an integrated robotic mechanism. The stacker is most efficient for longitudinal parking areas and can be scaled up for large parking requirements of up to 300 cars.

Car These parking systems are available in both hydraulic, as well as traction types. The functioning of the entire system is digitally controlled and available in weight-bearing capacities of 2, 2.5 and 3 mT. This system can be installed indoors, as well as outdoors. This is a highly effective system that features low wear and tear and equally low construction and maintenance costs.

Pit This system is made up of three vertical slots, with the uppermost being at ground level, and the intermediate and lowest slot being subterrainean. To facilitate vehicular parking and vehicular retrieval via driveways, all three vertical slots are moved simultaneously. Some of the main advantages of this system are optimum space utilization, minimal noise pollution, ease of maintenance and protection of vehicles from rain, dust and theft. Amish Mistry has been a practicing architect for the past 23 years. He has a keen interest in integrating and promoting sustainable technology. He is an instructor at India’s architectural institutes, focusing on the topic of digital design.


ELEVATOR WORLD India • 4th Quarter 2018 •

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levator ride quality is a first indicator of the quality of design, installation and service. The EVA-625 has become the International Standard for the absolute measure and analysis of ride quality and vibration & sound. The EVA system includes powerful analytical software tools to fully analyze all aspects of the elevator mechanical and control system. The highly accurate response of the EVA system, and the powerful analysis capabilities offered by the EVA Elevator/Escalator Analysis Tools software, allows rapid identification of problem areas so that corrective actions can be targeted quickly and precisely. The EVA EVA-625 system uniquely provides the ability to measure the vibration and sound that people feel and hear, yet allows analysis of the broad-band vibration and sound that is the result of the function of all dynamic aspects of the elevator system. Problems with roller guides, rail joints, motor control systems, and other dynamic elements can be identified in minutes. Quality of installation and service can be improved dramatically. The EVA system and accessories are designed to be robust and easy to operate. The system includes high resolution sensors and data acquisition system, all necessary cables, one year warranty and the industry standard EVA Elevator/Escalator Analysis Tools software, all at very low cost.


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Industry Dialogue

KONE Expands Into Jaipur Amit Gossain talks location, trends and targeted products for advancement in the Indian market.

by Sheetal Shelar Patil


Amit Gossain (AG), managing director, KONE India, shares insights on the company’s recent initiatives and growth plans with ELEVATOR WORLD India (EWI). EWI: KONE India recently inaugurated a new office in Jaipur. What is the significance of this step for the brand? What are its key functions? AG: KONE is committed to expanding its reach in India and bringing in our sustainable solutions directly to our customers. The office in Jaipur has been set up in accordance with our strategy to “Win With Customers,” and our presence will help us move closer to our customers and build a stronger connection with them. The Jaipur office will help meet our customers’ equipment needs and requirements for sales, installation, service, spare parts, annual maintenance contracts or modernization in the state of Rajasthan. EWI: What were the primary decision drivers for having a presence in this location, and how does the location give KONE an advantage or edge? AG: Per the survey conducted by the City Mayors Foundation, London, Jaipur is the 24th-fastest-growing city in the world and seventh-fastest-growing city in India, growing at a rate of 3.4% annually. In addition to familyowned small businesses, various large-scale industries are now being established here. Jaipur has become a highly attractive investment destination, owing to business-friendly policies, especially in the Information-Technology-


ELEVATOR WORLD India • 4th Quarter 2018 •

enabled services and telecom sectors, its proximity to Delhi, and well-established industrial and service sectors. EWI: With the real-estate market becoming more regulated, how do you see this creating opportunities for major brands like KONE? AG: Policy reforms are critical to our economy and industry. Significant policy reforms, such as infrastructure status to the affordable housing sector, Real Estate (Regulation and Development) Act, 2016; Goods and Services Tax; and Reserve Bank of India bimonthly polices, have restructured the system and reinforced investor trust by creating transparency and accountability in the market. The prospects for developers, homebuyers, investors and OEMs like KONE are brighter than ever, considering the way policies have been implemented in the real-estate sector. From here, the industry will only surge ahead. EWI: Which kinds of elevators are suitable for the Indian audience, and how is KONE catering to it? Which are the recent elevator models introduced and their unique selling points? AG: The market has transitioned from geared to gearless technology, and customers understand the value of the machine-room-less concept, as it provides significant savings in space and cuts down total construction time. Today, elevators are aesthetically designed to suit the interiors of the building. Various options, in terms of finishes, can be blended in the elevator car. Other features like lighting and elevator accessories usually enhance the ambience and comfort in the elevator car. As buildings get taller, there is a need for ultra-highspeed elevators and efficient building traffic flow.

The U series “CelestialShimmer� design, inspired by Navaratna

The U series “CrimsonSpark� design, inspired by Navaratna

The U series “GoldenTwilight� design, inspired by Navaratna

The U series “LavaLustre� design, inspired by Navaratna

The U series “MoonLight� design, inspired by Navaratna

The U series “ForestGleam� design, inspired by Navaratna

The U series “OceanFlare� design, inspired by Navaratna

Our latest U series of elevators — KONE U MonoSpaceÂŽ and KONE U MiniSpace™ — are up to 35% more energy efficient than our earlier elevators. The U series has 26 car designs with visuals inspired by Navaratna, the nine gems. The Navaratna visual car designs are so striking that they will help us differentiate in the marketplace and enhance the customer experience. Moreover, since the demand for better aesthetics is gaining importance, this collection is set to strengthen our competitiveness in the mid-range segment. The line is powered by the gearless KONE EcoDiscÂŽ drive designed to make the vertical journeys of mid-range urban buildings as smooth as possible and more convenient, with an increased travel speed of 2.5 mps.   đ&#x;Œ? • Issue 4, Volume 11 •


Market Trends

Private Lifts a Growing Trend Once a luxury, home elevators are now cost-effective, space-saving conveniences.

by Amish Mistry photos by Pratik Salve As the world gets more connected, physically as well as virtually, lifestyles and ways of living are constantly changing. Paradigms are consistently in a flux. Things that were once considered opulent have become necessities. And this fact is more pronounced, especially, when it comes to residential interiors. One such striking example is a two-level duplex flat in a high-rise building in Matunga, designed by Kavin and Priyanka Manek, a young husbandand-wife team of interior designers.

Kavin and Priyanka Manek have been working together in the design industry since 2006 and possess broad experience working on residential, commercial, retail and hospitality projects. Some of their clients include Shree Gajraj Housing Pvt. Ltd., Apsara Ice Creams Pvt. Ltd. and Artisan wall coverings.

Home lifts were pretty cost prohibitive a few years ago, because they needed to be custom made for each particular residential project. Today, however, installing a lift in a residential interior has become very cost effective, with the price of materials decreasing significantly, and


ELEVATOR WORLD India • 4th Quarter 2018 •

the simultaneous rapid innovations taking place within the elevator industry. This particular residence needed to accommodate a joint family made up of three couples: the client, Mulchand Shah and his wife, their two married sons and their three grandchildren. The overall area of the duplex is 2,700 sq. ft., with 1,700 sq. ft on the lower level and 1,000 sq. ft on the upper level. Space comes at a premium in Matunga, situated at the edge of the prime South Mumbai zone. The clients wanted comfortable connectivity between the two levels without using too much floor space. Thus, it made no sense to build a staircase within the duplex that would use interior space. Installing a home lift provided the best solution for the client, as well as the designers. At 4 ft., 6 in. X 3 ft., 4 in., the lift occupies minimal space. On the lower level, it is part of the main living room and abuts the dining area. Looking out from within the car, one faces a balcony adjacent to the living room that has a panoramic cityscape view, with the Worli Sea Link bridge providing the backdrop. On the upper level, the lift opens into the family room with a similar view as on the lower level. A large terrace abuts the family room. The views on either level while coming out of the lift are simply breathtaking. The interior walls of the lift are clad in Noche Travertine marble. Though compact, it is spacious enough for two passengers. One can even carry light objects, like a single travel suitcase or food trays, but not heavy luggage, as the lift is meant for internal usage and has limited capacity.



Luxury, like a minimum wage, is a relationship; it changes as we change. — Vida Dutton Scudder


By: Ben Abbaspour


The lift, seen with its door partially open, takes up very little space.

This new book provides the reader with an abundance of practical information related to escalator design and engineering. When at the upper level, the lift opens on a family room, revealing a panoramic view of the city, the Worli Sea Link bridge off in the distance. At right is an open-air terrace that abuts the family room.

The lift makes traveling between the two levels easier for the senior couple, since they do not have to navigate an internal staircase. The children and women of the house use the lift frequently to access the upper family room. Having installed the home lift has also added to the property value of their duplex. Thus, the decision to integrate the home lift within the design has proved to be a win/win for both the client and designers.   đ&#x;Œ?

It includes information on the latest technology, specifications and equipment available in the market.

• Issue 4, Volume 11 •


Real Estate

Concrete Implications of Court Verdicts Developers weigh in on ruling making a solid-waste-management (SWM) policy mandatory for real-estate construction. by Yash Pandya


ELEVATOR WORLD India • 4th Quarter 2018 •


will be resolved soon, with the concerned state administrations doing what is necessary, and the court allowing construction to resume.” Harvinder Sikka, managing director, Sikka Group, commented: “The recent decision by the Supreme Court to halt all construction activities in states that do not have an SWM policy puts developers in a tight spot. While the concern of the court is fully understood, this decision will have a tremendous impact on the top lines and bottom lines of developers. This decision also means there will be delays in handing over of houses by builders to customers who have already paid for their dream houses. States that do not have this policy must enact laws for SWM.” Deepak Kapoor, director, Gulshan Homz and president of the Confederation of Real Estate Developers Association of India (CREDAI), Western Uttar Pradesh, described the ruling as putting a damper on the real-estate industry: “The industry has already been dealing with several issues, and this decision can potentially mar their progress. This will also slow down the sales for associated industries, like sanitary ware, paints, elevators and cement. The states that do not have the policy must put together a sound and effective policy for management of Kapoor


“This is a world you’ll never understand. And you always fear what you don’t understand.” These lines from the movie Batman Begins, spoken by the Carmine Falcone character to the hero Bruce Wayne, sum up the real-estate industry scenario these days. Each time authorities take another step toward making property-development norms more stringent, it casts a pall of gloom. A Supreme Court verdict delivered during the recent monsoons that stays construction for those states without an SWM policy sent jitters through the ranks of home seekers. The basic reaction was panic. Would construction activities stop altogether and lead to a further demand/supply mismatch? Would it result in more price increases? Dr. Niranjan Hiranandani, managing director, Hiranandani Communities and national president of the National Real Estate Development Council, which works under the Ministry of Housing & Urban Affairs, commented: “The Supreme Court’s intention is good from a long-term perspective, but a blanket ban stopping all construction will have a negative impact on housing. It will choke supply and impact home seekers. Effectively, homebuyers will suffer just because some state governments have not formally notified the policy. Perhaps it would have been better if the court would have penalized the state administration and barred new construction while allowing ongoing projects to be completed. Hopefully, the matter

Maharashtra Shows the Way



Initially, Nayan Shah, who recently took charge as president of CREDAI-Maharashtra Chamber of Housing Industry (CREDAIMCHI), said: “Since Maharashtra already has an SWM policy, the stay on all construction would not be applicable to Maharashtra. In case there are any lacunae, the government of Maharashtra would definitely get them cleared at the earliest.�

As things progressed, Rajesh Prajapati, Public Relations Committee chairman, CREDAI-MCHI, said: “We at CREDAI-MCHI were positive that the Supreme Court would lift the ban on all construction in Maharashtra, as the policy and rules on SWM were already in place in the state. The ban is lifted now, which is great news for the real-estate industry. We are grateful to the government of Maharashtra for its swift action in providing the policy to the Supreme Court. We appreciate our developer members who maintained calm and stood united in such a crisis.â€? Hiranandani said: “The Supreme Court has lifted the ban imposed on construction in the states of Maharashtra and Uttarakhand; this comes as a huge relief. The Maharashtra state’s submissions before the Supreme Court give us a positive feeling, one of relief at finding out that the SWM policy has already been formulated. Given the proactive manner of working by the administration, I am confident that the policy will be implemented in due course. The decision of the Supreme Court brings relief to home seekers who were faced with the possibility of delayed possession of their homes. Across construction sites in Maharashtra, jobs are secure, and, with construction activity continuing, stakeholders, including material suppliers, will be pleased that the offtake of construction material will continue.â€? Nitin Salunkhe, director, Sugee Group, emphasized: “All developers across states should be cognizant of the impact of not managing solid waste generated from construction and demolition. The policy is already in effect in Mumbai, so it should not affect the pace of development. However, some developers may not be following said policy and may have their work impeded, as the implementation of SWM is very important in all the states. The Supreme Court has directed the states mentioned in the verdict to formulate the policy and get it implemented, and until such time, no further construction is allowed. My view is that there should be some transition policy for SWM so that projects under construction are not halted. Also, the biggest requirement for SWM is space, and this should be allocated in relation to the volume of construction for infrastructure and housing projects.â€? The key takeaway: states affected by the ban need to get their act together, and their problem would be solved, as well. Real estate is an industry that comprises diverse stakeholders: builders, buyers, bankers and bureaucrats. Each has a role to play for its growth, so, instead of dwelling on the problems being faced, maybe putting an SWM policy in place should be given greater priority.   đ&#x;Œ? Salunkhe




solid waste. Until that happens, the developers will continue to feel the impact.� Vikas Bhasin, chairman and managing director, Saya Homes, underlined: “With the real-estate industry being in recovery mode, the Supreme Court’s decision to completely stay construction activities will affect the housing supply and, so, the homebuyers.� Ram Aggrawal, director, Shri Group, said: “The impending stay on construction by the Supreme Court will prove to be a major setback for the realty sector. The ban on construction activities on the ongoing projects will further push the delivery dates, affecting the homebuyers and the developers, as well. Waste management is still a work in progress, and halting the same can even affect the country’s gross domestic product.� Manoj Gaur, managing director, Gaurs Group and vice president of CREDAI National, interpreted the step as a muchneeded reform: “The Supreme Court’s action seems quite justified, against a backdrop of rising pollution levels and frequent flooding in the cities. Waste management has always been challenged to maintain cleanliness in and around the city. This major step will prove to be a compelling factor for developers and buyers alike. We were the first to initiate SWM at our projects for transforming harmful waste into organic, have established ourselves in maintaining cleanliness and are leading efforts toward the smooth functioning of the real-estate sector.� Taking the thought process forward, the next concerns are more sector specific. For instance, is there any scope to consider a consequential impact on the demand for realty-project-related elements, such as elevators, in the short to medium term in such states? This question never came up, however, because real-estate industry association representatives took a clear stand. The first thing conveyed was that the ban only applied to states that do not have an SWM policy; it would be business as usual for the rest. Representations were made to the authorities, and clarity emerged.

• Issue 4, Volume 11 •


Industry Dialogue

Preparing for Building Fires Facility-management perspectives on fire safety with a focus on VT usage

by Kunal Lala Every facility manager (FM) should be standards in respect to the training, maintenance experienced with the guidelines for fire safety. and protection equipment, and legal and ethical The equipment that every building mandatorily requirements. It is crucial that the FM prepares needs includes fire extinguishers, sprinkler such a plan, keeping the security team in the systems, smoke alarms, fire panels, smokeloop and incorporating all suggestions from the control systems, fire hydrants, an emergency team. It is imperative that advice periodically be power supply, mechanical sought from a fire-protection ventilation, air-conditioning Fire rarely takes specialist. systems and emergency-exit place in wellEmergency Training signs. Fire rarely takes place in maintained modern and Drills well-maintained modern elevators; however, there is a Fire drills and training are elevators; however, huge risk to elevators through done periodically to train the there is a huge risk to occupants and staff on how to fire originating inside of the building. Let’s look at a few elevators through act if there is an emergency. general measures for fire safety fire originating inside Every onsite employee should for the buildings/tenants and for be completely trained in how to elevator maintenance and usage of the building. operate the fire equipment and during fire emergencies. the procedures to follow if there

Planned Preventive Maintenance Schedule The OEM/annual maintenance contract vendor should conduct periodic maintenance per planned schedules. This schedule works upon a calendar for the entire year and lists dates to run maintenance exercises on each piece of equipment periodically to ensure they run effectively through the year. Every time these activities take place, the reports of the tests run are then shared in the FM’s monthly management report.

Fire-Prevention Plan Understand the fire strategy for the building. Then, based on that, put a fire-prevention plan in place. Make sure it is updated with all the national and state fire safety regulations and


ELEVATOR WORLD India • 4th Quarter 2018 •

is an emergency. Tenants should also be trained for these; most importantly, training on how to avoid panic during an emergency should be conducted. People will stay calm in an emergency only if they are aware of what is to be done and have practiced it beforehand. A mock drill should be conducted twice a year to check the preparedness of the site for emergencies and for updates of systems, technology, etc.

Maintenance and Records All the fire equipment needs to be periodically serviced and maintained to guarantee its functionality and help detect faults that may result in malfunctions. Create a fire logbook to list all fire equipment, along with tagging numbers, and to record the service reports.

Identify the risk or threat assessment for using elevators for emergencies and then make a safety plan based on that. Evacuation Measures The maintenance and security teams should prepare an evacuation plan, and the appropriate signage should be put in place for activating it in case of emergencies. Elevators are not designed to operate under conditions of extreme heat, fire, explosion or water, and they must not be used for evacuation. As a safety measure, many buildings have emergency power systems that supply enough electricity to lower the elevators to the chosen/ nearest floor. The FM should keep that in mind while developing a safety plan.

Elevator Usage Guidelines All tenants/residents should be trained in the usage of the elevator; this training should be a part of the fire drill. Many systems provide energy to operate lights, fans and intercoms, even during a power failure, and the tenants should be trained to operate them. The guidelines for elevator usage in case of an emergency for the FM are: ♦♦ Review the building design/construction and the fire-safety plan to determine whether the elevator should be used in emergencies. ♦♦ Develop the fire evacuation requirements based on the tenants’ profiles. For example, it might be mandatory to use the elevators for disabled and elderly tenants. ♦♦ Identify the risk or threat assessment for using elevators for emergencies and then make a safety plan based on that. ♦♦ Adopt safety precaution measures — upgraded elevator systems, CCTV, protected lobbies, etc. ♦♦ Understand the importance of the elevators, in terms of evacuation time and the degree of protection and then decide accordingly. Kunal Lala is vice president of SILA, an Indian real-estate services company with interests across facility and project/construction management turnkey interior contracting, on-demand home services and real-estate advising. Lala manages the team of 4,000-plus employees who service clients across such sectors as finance, infrastructure, commercial, residential, hospitality and industrial. His key responsibilities are to design and implement standard operating procedures, effective management structures, recruitment and training modules, and processes and systems (the latter of which he converges and consolidates through a hub-and-spoke delivery model). He was a part of Patel Realty before joining SILA in 2015 and earned an MS from Bentley University.

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• Issue 4, Volume 11 •


GLE Expo 2018

EVENTS Third iteration tests market potential. by Sheetal Shelar Patil eld on October 4-6 at International Convention City Bashundhara in Dhaka, Bangladesh, Global Lift & Escalator (GLE) Expo provided verticaltransportation (VT) industry stakeholders with a gateway to the country’s fast-emerging real-estate markets. Dhaka’s exponential economic growth has contributed to a rapidly changing skyline. Private developers are driving remarkable growth in the country’s real-estate sector. Moreover, the quality-conscious and progressive market in Bangladesh has ensured that each component of the real-estate industry adheres to high-quality specifications. Lifts are no exception. Global elevator and escalator brands find Bangladesh a lucrative and exciting market for innovative technologies, designs and products. Over the past few years, GLE Expo has facilitated this growth by bringing stakeholders together. This third edition was inaugurated by chief guest L.V. Yang, second secretary, Economic and Commercial Counsellor’s Office of the Embassy of the People’s Republic of China. This international expo focused on the VT industry showcased different types of elevators, escalators, components, cabins, machines, doors, governors, safety devices, hydraulic devices and many other products and innovations from more than 60 exhibitors from countries including India, China, Malaysia, Germany, the U.S., Italy, Japan, Turkey, South Korea, Switzerland and Bangladesh. Continued

Looking down on the showroom floor International Convention City Bashundhara was an ideal venue. • Issue 4, Volume 11 •



Attendees got to check out the latest elevator technologies from around the world.

The 2018 iteration of GLE Expo in Dhaka was a big hit.

Attendee Feedback “We got a good response. As a new company, we displayed our products and promoted our brand, and people responded to them very well.” — Neyamul Haque Sayem, managing director, Easy Tech Lifts & Engineering Ltd. “We brought our best products from Germany here. For future events, we will bring more products. We try to support the market with top-quality products and hope to achieve our desired market reach.” — Ahmet Ors, head of Global Central Sales, LM Liftmaterial GmbH “We focus on German lift products, which are of high quality and robust. Also, the pricing is right to expand our market. We showcased these products at the expo. Through this platform, we can reach many people. At the next edition, we hope to see even more gatherings, effectiveness and output.” — Shahid Ullah, chairman and CEO, Horizon Techno Ltd.

Anitha Raghunath and G Raghu, second and third from left, cut the ribbon to open the expo with chief guest L.V. Yang of the Embassy of the People’s Republic of China, center.

“This exhibition helped us get to know the market and each other and show people our products. It not only helps the elevator companies, it helps customers select the right products and the right people with whom to do business.” — Saiful Islam, CEO and managing director, SWORD Giant Elevator & Engineers Ltd. “I really enjoyed being a vendor. It’s been fantastic, in terms of response from architects, consultants and other customers. We were very proud to promote Schindler at this year’s expo. Thank you to the organizers for creating such a fantastic thing for Bangladesh.” — Mushfiqul Huq, managing director, Creative Engineers Ltd. (Schindler agent) “It is good to participate in such an exhibition, as we can connect with many customers. We hope to continue this further. GLE Expo is very good for our industry.” — Mohammed Eadul Haque, managing director, EURO Elevator (BD) Ltd.

There were plenty of opportunities for networking.

“Compared to the last two years, the response to the expo was good, and it’s increasing. Next time, we are looking for a bigger and better expo, with more participants. Thank you for bringing us together to share what we are doing.” — Emdad Ur Rahman, managing director, Orbit Technologies Ltd.

A billboard advertises the event.


ELEVATOR WORLD India • 4th Quarter 2018 •

Vendor displays were built to impress.

Exhibitors showcased their latest products and technologies, enhanced their brand image, met existing and prospective customers, interacted and networked with peer groups, explored new business opportunities and shared knowledge. Component manufacturers learned about the industry and opportunities around the world. Companies envisaging business expansion were able to test market potential. Many buyers from real-estate and infrastructure companies, architects, engineers and regulatory authorities from across Bangladesh visited. An opportunity to check out new products and have face-to-face interactions with suppliers to forge good business relationships were key benefits. Feedback was positive, with participants observing the event helped spread awareness about their companies and products. Many said they will return to the next GLE Expo. Dhaka-based Khan Brothers Group attended for the first time. Chairman Mohammed Enamul said the event provided good exposure for Khan Brothers, helping spread awareness that the company is the new Sigma distributor in Bangladesh. Foreign companies expressed their pleasure as well, with China’s Sicher Elevator Co., Ltd. Director of International Business Michael Gu stating:

“It was a great honor to be part of the third edition of GLE Expo in Dhaka. It was very well organized and successful. We got more effective results from this expo and will participate continuously.â€? Commenting on the significance of and response to the expo’s 2018 edition, Anitha Raghunath, director of organizer Virgo Communications & Exhibitions Pvt. Ltd., observed: “Vertical-transportation products are extremely crucial elements for setting up skyscrapers and transforming the skyline of any city with high-rise structures. The first two editions of GLE Expo received overwhelming participation from global brands and support from buyers and attendees. That has further increased in the third edition of this expo. We believe this event has been truly beneficial for all and hope to continue making it a resounding success in subsequent editions. “We express our sincere gratitude to the government of Bangladesh, all participants, supporting associations, the Embassy of the People’s Republic of China, the High Commission of India and the visitors from around Bangladesh for their support in making GLE Expo a successful industry event in đ&#x;Œ? Bangladesh.â€?   

• Issue 4, Volume 11 •


Industry Dialogue

Public Promise Amar Doshi of Aaron Industries Ltd. shares insights on plans following a successful public issue.

by Sheetal Shelar Patil Aaron Industries Ltd., based in Surat (Gujarat), was incorporated in 2013 and recently in the news for going public. The issue offered 1,257,000 shares at a price of INR38 (US$0.52) per share with a total value of INR47.7 million (US$652,377) opened on August 20 and closed on August 24. The company’s tagline, “transforming ordinary to extraordinary,” was reflected in the successful endeavor. Amar Doshi, founder, chairman and managing director, shared Aaron’s origins and history: “We are engaged mainly in the manufacturing of elevator parts. Currently, we provide a range of products and parts related to elevators under one roof. These include elevator cabins, doors, frames, headers, machine-room-less machines, etc. We have state-of-the-art engineering infrastructure with modern machineries like a computer-numerical-control (CNC) turret punching machine, CNC press break machine, CNC laser-cutting machine, etc. “We are proud of our legacy for being a part of Moti Group, which started its journey in 1961, with manufacturing of ironclad switches at Surat under the aegis of my father, Chinubhai Doshi. As the years passed, Moti gained popularity and experience in manufacturing switchgear products. This led to the addition of distribution boxes, busbar chambers and loom switches. We have also introduced cable trays and building hardware material such as Z perline, slotted channel, etc. Encouraged by the progress, we ventured

into manufacturing and trading of elevator products and other parts for elevators. “In a short span of time, we have earned the reputation of providers of high-quality, ultra-modern, designer cabinets. Used for residential — as well as commercial — properties, our cabinets provide an artistic edge


Amar Doshi (pictured) is supported by his sons, Karan Doshi, whole time director, and Monish Doshi, chief financial officer.


ELEVATOR WORLD India • 4th Quarter 2018 •

We are proud of our legacy for being a part of Moti Group, which started its journey in 1961, with manufacturing of ironclad switches at Surat under the aegis of my father, Chinubhai Doshi. —Amar Doshi

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ELEVATOR WORLD India • 4th Quarter 2018 •

that enhances property elegance and ensures customer satisfaction. We aspire to make a mark in the elevator industry as the preferred partners of elevator installers.â€? According to Doshi, the decision to raise funds through an initial public offering could be attributed to a growth strategy. “Our commitment to be a significant player in the elevator industry has compelled us to think big and become organized.â€? He said the specific reasons are: ♌♌ Potential growth: India has emerged as the second-largest market after China for the elevator industry and is growing continuously. Factors like increasing population, urbanization and high rises; improving lifestyles; and “Smart Cityâ€? projects of the government support the growth of the elevator sector. To capitalize on this potential, Doshi said, “The matching expansion was the need of the hour. With added resources, we aim to complete this expansion.â€? ♌♌ Improving quality consciousness among users: Most builders and installers are now exposed to the global market. Their expectation for world-class-engineered products, as well as exclusive designs, are rising. To meet their expectations, as well as to raise the standard of the entire industry, Aaron “needed to have advanced machineries, world-standard manufacturing practices and supporting human resources,â€? Doshi said. “By becoming a listed company, we intend to have all these.â€? ♌♌ Taking partnerships with installers to the next level: When installers approach builders and contractors, they need to have a level of confidence about the elevator parts they are using. “Someone in the elevator industry had to take the responsibility and step up for this,â€? Doshi explained. “The installers, who are using Aaron products, were confident of the quality and would be able to boast about working with us.â€? ♌♌ Social causes: A few social causes also led Aaron to become a listed company. “Providing employment opportunity with better career growth and an attractive investment opportunity to people at large were at the heart of our growth strategy,â€? đ&#x;Œ? Doshi emphasized.   

Public Safety

Expert Analysis on VT Incidents Looking at causes of mishaps with suggested solutions to help work toward a goal of zero accidents

submitted by Lerch Bates India

Safety Aspects of Elevators, Escalators and Moving Walks We have brainstormed on the safety of vertical-transportation (VT) equipment, and, based on our experiences and observations, emphasis on safety concerns and awareness, the following are some corrective steps that must be taken to reach a goal of zero incidents: ♦♦ A large percentage of local/unbranded lifts exists. The remainder consists of products from branded/major global companies operating in India. ♦♦ It is always expected that all related safety items on the equipment must function 24/7, year-round. When this fails, there is a high probability of an incident or accident happening. ♦♦ Since VT equipment could have an impact on the life of the user, and with the government Public Works Department (PWD) being the sole authorized authority for monitoring safe functioning, the PWD needs to emphasize more on public safety and equipment quality. To this end, it needs to carry There is a shortage of out rigorous inspection of the skilled/trained elevators in use, periodically and regularly, within a manpower, and it is a one-year cycle. If the PWD is crisis today in our trade. unable to cope with the load Hence, there is a need to of inspecting numerous units in the field, it should have installation and designate and empower reputed agencies to undertake maintenance training such work. It is also suggested for VT equipment as that these inspections by the part of the syllabus for licensing authority happen in a detailed manner (such as diploma education.


ELEVATOR WORLD India • 4th Quarter 2018 •





verification, implementation and operational status of code items, etc.). Today, any licensed electrical contractor can undertake elevator maintenance by obtaining a license from the issuing authority. Here, the licensing procedure needs to be made more stringent to ensure a license is granted to only a person with a minimum of 10 years of experience and an unblemished record with a reputed firm in the trade. The VT industry should be included in some sort of diploma/degree educational syllabus. There is a shortage of skilled/trained manpower, and it is a crisis today in our trade. Hence, there is a need to have installation and maintenance training for VT equipment as part of the syllabus for diploma education. This also offers a career path for young people to obtain employment in the VT industry as skilled mechanics upon successful completion of the education program. Investigations by independent third parties have revealed that most incidents reported on local/unbranded lifts are due to safety items as per code not being provided, whereas incidents reported on branded lifts are observed mainly due to not following safety practices, not regularly verifying the functionality of safeties, etc. It has been observed that most serious incidents happen with local service providers that generally have a lower level of safety awareness than the majors. A higher level needs to become mandatory to stringently penalize any service provider for not adhering to safety measures. This activity needs to be strictly monitored by a separate


Authorised distributor











independent third-party regulating body to avoid bias. The results of any investigation must be made public so that all are aware. Elevator companies must be rated according to their safety record so that customers can decide to purchase from vendors with the highest rating. Ratings should be allotted based on number of incidents. Licenses of those with the most incidents should be canceled automatically. Only then will a culture movement of safety get started, and “lip service� will progressively be eliminated. Government bodies issuing VT licenses are only trained to check the working of safeties, not to check whether lift companies implement safety processes, check the skill level of service personnel and whether authorized persons work on the lift. Similar inspections are regularly conducted overseas by independent authorities in Europe, the U.S. and other places. This helps ensure proper functioning of safety systems in VT equipment carrying the public. Otherwise, the insurance companies will not cover the building. It has been independently observed that safety-related items like rotating equipment guarding, pit ladders, handrails, etc. are often kept in the scope of the customer by the VT supplier at the time of selling the equipment, purely as a price-reduction measure. The customer is not convinced about the importance and need for such items and does not provide them, which, in turn, leads to the increased chances of incidents or accidents. Lift-company personnel involved in installation and maintenance must always wear personal protective equipment (PPE) when entering a hoistway, pit or machine room. It is often observed that mechanics do not wear such gear, resulting in injuries to themselves and others. It has been observed that an automatic rescue device (ARD), which is now mandatory, is another unreliable product and does not work seamlessly, especially when there is a power outage. Customers also take their time to replace ARD batteries. If power trips and the batteries are dead, passengers could be trapped. It is suggested to use an on-line uninterruptible power supply, though it adds cost. It is imperative that all VT equipment get serviced per the recommended maintenance cycle by the manufacturer/supplier. Due to higher maintenance costs, many customers change service providers to third-party independents who offer lower maintenance costs. This very often compromises on the quality of maintenance/service and, thus, creates the potential of incidents through substandard parts usage and improper maintenance procedures. Building owners must allow enough time for lift companies to carry out lift and escalator maintenance per the maintenance schedule, per the maintenance checklist. Original spare parts must be used to avoid frequent failures. Service personnel very often refrain from acting on shutting down an unsafe lift due to pressure from the customer or from their superiors. They need to be empowered to shut down any unsafe equipment and ensure prompt rectification. VT maintenance providers need to encourage and train their

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service personnel to “say noâ€? to avoid compromise of safety at any cost. ♌♌ Display of safety procedures, instructions on rescuing trapped passengers and safety tags at correct locations to prevent incidents: by implementing these items, customers and service providers will become aware of the importance of safety. It must become the responsibility of the VT provider to provide and place such instructions where they are always clearly visible to users and easily understood. These must also be available in multiple languages.

User-Related Safety Practices That Need to Be Strictly Followed We in India still use manually operated doors, which often malfunction. When the landing door does not close properly, the door contacts are not made. This results in passengers trying to close the landing door through the car door. This can lead to someone’s hand getting caught in the car door in case the lift starts to move. So, always close the car gate using the handle on the car door. The equipment provider must conduct safety briefings to users on how to use the elevators correctly during VT handover. An instruction manual or safety handbook on how to use the lift must be given to them. These must explain the consequences of misuse. Good housekeeping also plays an important role in preventing incidents. If the workplace is clean, service personnel feel encouraged to replace or repair defective parts on time. Never do the following: ♌♌ Use the lift in case of fire; use only the staircase. ♌♌ Interfere with closing doors. Wait for the next elevator. ♌♌ Attempt to pry open elevator doors: trying to evacuate the lift when stuck between the floors is very hazardous. ♌♌ Ask the lift attendant to fiddle with lift equipment and safeties. ♌♌ Attempt to enter the hoistway outside the elevator cabin. ♌♌ Jump up and down in the lift cabin. ♌♌ Allow children to play with the lift or in lift lobbies. Unfortunate fatalities have happened. ♌♌ Cram into an elevator that is exceeding its capacity; actively discourage anyone else from cramming into an elevator. ♌♌ Block the doors open with any kind of equipment or box, or with your foot or arm. In newer elevators, holding the doors open will cause the elevator to “time outâ€? and shut down as a safety feature. In that situation, a mechanic must reset the controller to restart the elevator. ♌♌ Use the “door openâ€? button on the car-operating panel to hold doors open longer than the normal timing sequence allows. Keep the following in mind: ♌♌ The lift car and lobbies should be well illuminated. ♌♌ If annual government inspections are lax, have your lift audited for equipment and safety by reputed firms. ♌♌ Use shortcut techniques to practice safety. There is no compromise for safety. Finally, it needs to be clearly understood and appreciated by all concerned that safety practices must always be enforced đ&#x;Œ? stringently by everyone concerned, without compromise.   


CAN Bus for Elevators Details of this important data-conveyance system are given, from the ground up.

by David Herres Controller Area Network (CAN) bus is one of several serial-bus electronic communication methods that has found favor in recent years in elevator technology. Its outstanding success in this and similar applications is due to its reliability and low cost, with reduced wire count in the traveling cable(s) and throughout the installation. There are fewer terminations and greater immunity to electronic noise. By way of background, this article will review some definitions and trace how CAN bus was first developed as an automotive innovation. But, first, what is a bus? Like the name of a large vehicle used in public transportation, the word is derived from Latin “omnibus,” which means “for all.” To an electrician, “bus” denotes a metal bar or strip, frequently rectangular in cross-section, that conducts electricity in electrical power distribution. Usually, a lot of electricity is conducted across relatively short distances, often inside a switchgear enclosure. In computing and communication systems (which is what we are dealing with here), “bus” has a different, though related, meaning. Rather than a single conductor, it is the complete system that conveys data. It is the pathway between integrated circuits or other devices on a printed circuit board, between devices on adjacent boards, among computers in a local area network or between pieces of electrical equipment in different locations. A bus includes the cable with one or more (sometimes many) conductors and the hardware at either end, plus software and written documentation and protocols. Thus, a data bus is not just a metal conductor as in electrical work, but a complete


ELEVATOR WORLD India • 4th Quarter 2018 •

subsystem, including its theoretical underpinning. In early data transmission, the dominant medium was the parallel bus, but that has been largely supplanted by the serial bus, a broad category that includes I2C, SPI, RS232, LIN, FlexRay, audio, USB and MIL-STD-1553. The parallel bus predated serial-bus technologies. The former is easier to understand and simpler to troubleshoot and repair, but far less efficient, and since much more wiring and many more terminations are required, the initial installation is costlier. Serial data transmission makes use of some complex multiplexing concepts, but since it resolves into two-wire circuitry (for the most part), a lot of the work is simple plug-and-play. A parallel bus has multiple separate conductors that transmit data simultaneously, whereas in a serial bus, data bits are conveyed sequentially, one at a time, albeit very rapidly. This would seem to suggest a parallel bus could transmit data faster than a serial bus, but such is not the case due to certain inefficiencies in parallel data transmission. For one thing, it is not feasible for a parallel bus to sustain the high clock speeds present in a serial bus. A parallel bus typically has separate conductors for the clock signal, data transmission, data reception, handshaking signals and others. Overall transmission speed is limited by the slowest of these channels. Moreover, due to the multiple conductors, there is a greater potential for crosstalk and series inductive and parallel capacitive loss, in addition to characteristic impedance mismatch resulting in signal reflections and data errors. Parallel cabling is

The term “serial” is sometimes taken to refer exclusively to the RS232 port on the back of an older PC, with its distinctive serial connector (pictured). A Tektronix Series 3000 oscilloscope displays the CAN bus protocol traffic for a serial, differential pair running at 1 MHz. Messages consist of one or more 16-bit words, each of which is preceded by a 3-μs synchronized pulse and followed by an odd parity bit. The signals are acquired from a Tektronix Demo 1 board.

also more subject to physical damage, and there are more terminations to worry about. Parallel communication is still used inside integrated circuits, industrial production, scientific instrumentation and randomaccess-memory devices. However, the move to serial communication has continued apace and will undoubtedly be the wave of the future. Computer networks have migrated to serial communication, which is, of necessity, used for any type of long-haul data transmission, because the cost and inherent losses in long distance multiconductor parallel cabling are prohibitive. Contrary to this impression, since serial technology has proliferated, numerous variants have emerged, each with a distinctive topology, physical layer and operating protocol. Some transmit data in streams with frames, an arbitration mechanism to prevent data collisions and a master/slave architecture. A system of addresses may be used for selective reception, or data may be conveyed for all (nodes) to hear. Transmission can be one-way or full duplex. As may be expected, elevator manufacturers have recognized the benefits of serial transmission and the unique suitability of CAN bus. Robert Bosch GmbH, the large manufacturer of automotive electronic equipment and related products located near Stuttgart, Germany, began work on CAN bus in 1983. The idea was to replace the old-world automotive wiring harness with serial-bus communication that would link the many subsystems being introduced into new cars and trucks. This new technology, of course, would require microchips. In 1987, Intel and Philips semiconductors began to fill the need, then, in 1988, BMW came out with its 8 Series, which incorporated a CAN bus multiplex electrical system. Bosch continued to specify CAN bus details, the latest in CAN 2.0 (1991). Part A specifies an 11-bit identifier and is considered the standard format, while Part B, the extended format, employs a 29-bit identifier. These two parts are labeled “CAN 2.0A” and “CAN 2.0B.” Bosch distributes the standards free, in addition to related specifications and white papers. A key player in this arena has been the Organization for Standardization (ISO), which published ISO 11898 in 1993. Part 1 of this standard describes the data link layer, and Part 2 covers the physical layer for high-speed CAN. Subsequently, ISO released ISO

11898-3, which pertains to the physical layer of what became known as low-speed, fault-tolerant CAN bus. CAN bus use spread far beyond its initial application in automobiles to industrial and agricultural machinery, medical systems, nautical navigation and the control of elevator systems. There are several types of the technology, all using low-cost integrated controllers: ♦♦ High-speed CAN bus incorporates differential signaling, making it relatively immune to noise. It typically runs at 0.5-1.0 Mbps. Two wires, both isolated from ground, are required. ♦♦ Low-speed CAN bus is less expensive to implement and is used in less-critical applications, such as automotive radio and door control. Due to the lower frequency, differential signaling is not required, because immunity to noise is less of an issue. Only one wire is used, with the vehicle chassis serving as ground return. ♦♦ Fault-tolerant CAN bus is a hybrid implementation. It is essentially high-speed CAN bus in which one of the wires is eliminated. It is widely used in automobiles to control the airbags. ♦♦ CAN FD (with “FD” standing for “flexible data-rate”) is an emergent technology expected to permit longer messages with less delay. Despite its development being exclusively for automotive harnesses, within a decade, CAN bus’ use had expanded into numerous areas — avionics, plant and factory control, medical devices and many others. Regarding elevator technology, CAN bus is an excellent fit. A group installation (as in a large high rise) consists of several cars traveling vertically in separate shafts. Through the miracle of traveling cables, a modest amount of electrical power, plus an adequate number of serial data buses, can be brought to the moving cars. Looking at the electrical system that is so basic to an elevator group installation, the most prominent and fundamental is the power, which originates at the electrical utility. Actually, this is a power grid made up of numerous networked generators, whether connected to individual turbines or, increasingly, solar panels. This complex distribution system injects trillions of electrons through the building’s service entrance and via numerous overcurrentprotected branch circuits to the point of use. In an elevator group installation, electricity is used in two ways. First, it powers the motors that do the heavy lifting and often provide regenerative braking, as well as powering lights, resistive heat, evaporative air-conditioning, door functions and the like. All of this may be considered the analog domain. The other way in which electricity is used, the digital domain, has to do with the creation, processing and display of information. These two


• Issue 4, Volume 11 •


operational modes are equally important and, in fact, essential in node bit clock drifting. To avoid this outcome, bit stuffing (also elevator functionality. known as bit padding) is employed. The idea here is that a bit is Elevator professionals, including design and installation inserted in the stream after any run of five identical bits (00000 or workers and maintenance personnel, work in these two modes, 11111). Bit stuffing is initiated at the transmitter and removed at often in combination. To create a good elevator installation, it is the receiver prior to frame contents processing, which maintains necessary for these individuals to have a thorough understanding accurate synchronization. of both worlds. The power flow through a variable-frequency drive Bit synchronization, which is necessary for the arbitration (VFD) to the motor is straightforward and easy to understand, protocol and efficient management of data, is performed initially at even if, due to high current and voltage levels, there are challenges reception of the start bit accompanying each asynchronous and potential hazards that have to be confronted. transmission. Then, if messages are to be correctly received, In contrast, the digital domain involves a steeper learning curve. resynchronization on an ongoing basis is needed. Bit timing is When an elevator installation performs intermittently or not at all, further conditioned by other requirements as specified in the and when power supply, VFD, power transmission, motor and protocol. For example, to enhance bus arbitration and message loading problems have been eliminated, the next step is to look at acknowledgement and error signaling, nodes are capable of the digital end, which consists of data transmission and reception. changing bit status from recessive to dominant. When this As previously indicated, CAN bus plays a significant role where happens, a further requirement is that all other nodes in the digital transmission is involved, and this will remain true for the network are informed of the change during bit transmission. Bit foreseeable future. time must be sufficient for bit transit to make the round trip from CAN bus connectivity, like other serial bus types, consists of a sender to receiver and back. physical layer (including bit encoding, timing, synchronization, A propagation delay must be sufficient for signal transmission, and types of connectors and cables) and a data-link layer, which in addition to any signal delay occurring in transmitters and consists of logical link control (LLC) and medium access control receivers. The total delay depends upon the distance between (MAC) sublayers. The LLC sublayer enables transmission of whichever nodes are farthest apart. information from beginning to Device designers program the CAN destination. This includes data transfer controllers using registers. It is necessary and requests for remote data, message to ascertain the amount of propagation A data bus is not just a metal filtering as a part of received message delay, and this determines maximum bus acceptance and management of recovery length at a given data rate or the data rate conductor as in electrical (i.e., overload notification). at a given bus length. The physical layer work, but a complete A principle focus of CAN protocol is subject to constraints that result from specification is the MAC sublayer, which the requirement that all nodes remain subsystem, including its is for a very large category: message synchronized at the bit level at the time theoretical underpinning. framing, communication medium of transmission. arbitration, management of CAN bus designers absolutely must acknowledgement, error detection and avoid data reflections. They have two signaling. If some conceivable permanent fault is detected, error major causes: impedance mismatch between input or output and states must be monitored, and operations of the affected node cable, and long low-impedance stub lengths. These are usually limited, and this task is performed by a controller. The original design issues, so once a system is up and running, there shouldn’t Bosch standard did not cover all aspects of the physical layer. be a problem, unless a cable becomes pinched or damaged, or a Excluded elements included types of cables and connectors, and termination becomes loose or oxidized. High-speed CAN is the acceptable voltage and current ranges. Instead, the original more critical in this regard. standard focused on bit encoding, timing and synchronization. Termination resistors are used to accomplish impedance The signal type that is a dominant feature in CAN bus is known matching. ISO 11898 specifies 120-ohm cable, so 120-ohm resistors as non-return-to-zero (NRZ) bit encoding. This is important, are used at terminations. When multiple devices are located along because it involves a minimum number of transitions. The medium the cable, only those at the ends of the line require termination states that are established are dominant, which is arbitrarily resistors. In low-speed CAN, all network devices require equated to zero, and recessive, which is one. This may sound termination resistors for each data line. These are built into the backward, but as the standard and implementation are consistent, hardware by some manufacturers, so it is important to consult the it is not a problem. installation documentation. All nodes are synchronized on bit edges, and, accordingly, all In the CAN protocol, there are four possible frames. The data nodes are in agreement in regard to the value of the currently frame contains data that is sent to one or more receivers. The frame transmitted bit. For this to occur continuously, each node has to contains a request for information in connection with a data frame maintain a form of synchronization that aligns the bitrate at the that has the same identifier. An error frame is sent when one of the receiver with that of the transmitted bits. To do this, nodes are network nodes detects an error. An overload frame is used to synchronized in agreement with transition edges. Synchronization request additional time, if needed, before resumption of datawould be jeopardized by a long sequence, which would result in frame or remote-frame transmission.


ELEVATOR WORLD India • 4th Quarter 2018 •

Data frames send information to receivers, which, unlike in other types of serial buses, are not identified by discrete addresses. Instead, the receiving nodes specify messages they will receive in accord with the information they contain as encoded in the frame’s identifier. CAN messages may have either of two alternate types of identifiers. Standard frames have 11-bit identifier fields. Extended frames have 29-bit identifier fields. They can both be transmitted on a single bus by either the same or different nodes. Arbitrators can differentiate between these frame types. The recessive state of an idle bus is interrupted by the starting of a frame with a single dominant bit. Then, the identifier field defines the arbitration priority for the message and the data content that comprises the message stream. There are other fields, as well: the control field contains information pertaining to the type of message. The data content is in the data field. The checksum verifies the veracity of the message bits. Reception is acknowledged. This is followed by the ending delimiter and idle space or interframe bits that denote separation between frames. The purpose of a remote frame is to request information that has a specific identifier from a remote node. A remote frame is structured in the manner of a data frame. The identifier of the requested message is indicated in the identifier field. The data length of the requested message is stated in the DLC field. In the arbitration field, the RTR bit is recessive. In the extremely critical area of elevator operation, where human safety is always the greatest concern, errors cannot be tolerated. CAN bus is designed for reliable data transmission, and so this can take place, the protocol has been designed for error detection, signaling and self-diagnostics and measures for fault confinement, the purpose of which are to prevent faulty nodes from contaminating the entire network. CAN standards do not take note of optical fiber as media in the network, but it has been used with great success. In this configuration, by definition, light denotes dominant, and dark is recessive. Since the optical signals are directly coupled into the media, two lines must be provided: one for transmission and the other for reception. Additionally, to permit bit monitoring, the two lines must be coupled externally. Optical fiber has the usual advantages of electromotive force immunity, and its nonincendiary properties is an asset in areas where explosive gases or flammable liquids or dusts may be present. Nevertheless, Article 770 of the National Electrical Code contains mandates for an optical-fiber installation, and compliance is essential to get the greenlight from site inspectors and ensure a long-term safe installation. Whether electrical or optical fiber, CAN arbitration is at once priority based and non-preemptive. This means that a message being conveyed cannot be overridden by a higher-priority message as in some other bus protocols. In the CAN bus, channels are wired in accordance with “AND logic” that connects all nodes. Contention and transmission phases alternate to acquire media access. If a shared medium is not being used, a node may initiate transmission. Nodes that have messages to be transmitted will transmit the identifier in the arbitration slots. AND logic resolves collisions, and whichever node reads its bits as unchanged is the

winner and proceeds to transmit the balance of its message, while the other nodes listen and await an opening. In the elevator business, safety as it pertains to electrical and data transmission is gaining prominence as a focus in discussions among industry professionals. Recognizing the importance of the trend, CANopen Lift, the standardized network for lifts and elevators, is working toward creation of a worldwide community of elevator and subassembly manufacturers with a goal of sharing information in this rapidly changing field. In this diverse area, transmission of knowledge and expertise is a high-priority undertaking, and in this still-evolving arena, communications among participants is more important than at any time in the past. David Herres holds a New Hampshire Master Electrician’s license and has worked as an electrician in the northern part of that state for many years. He has focused on writing since 2006, having written for such magazines as ELEVATOR WORLD, Electrical Construction and Maintenance, Cabling Business, Electrical Business, Nuts and Volts, PV Magazine, Electrical Connection, Solar Connection, Solar Industry Magazine, Fine Homebuilding Magazine and Engineering News Record. He has also written four books published by McGraw-Hill: 2011 National Electrical Code Chapter by Chapter, Troubleshooting and Repairing Commercial Electrical Equipment, The Electrician’s Trade Demystified and The Homeowner’s DIY Guide to Electrical Wiring, the latter published in December 2014. He holds a BA in English Literature and Composition from Hobart College of Geneva, New York.

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• Issue 4, Volume 11 •


Industry Dialogue

VT Expands the Ability to Go Higher Sanjay Jain of Siddha shares perspectives on the importance of amenities like VT at the Siddha Eden Lakeville in Kolkata. by Yash Pandya There is an undeniable charm in standing at a height and gazing at the vast expanse of nature or a developed metropolis. The pleasure is heightened further when you are doing this from your own residence. Yes, a virtual “home among the clouds” is the ultimate dream of every property ownership aspirant, and it becomes a reality only because of elevators. While the purchasers scarcely give this any thought, it is the creators of these magnificent edifices who not only understand, but also value, the contribution of vertical transportation (VT). Siddha Group is one such developer. Founded in 1986, it has been crafting residential and commercial spaces over the past few decades to make good living affordable in Kolkata, Jaipur, Mumbai and Bengaluru. Led by Group Chairman Chandra Prakash Jain and Group Managing Director Sanjay Jain, it is focused on delivering Sanjay Jain, Siddha group managing director high-quality, comfortable homes at convenient prices within committed timeframes. Siddha believes the magic of craftsmanship lies beyond the reality of construction and strives to sculpt better lives by designing and crafting living spaces. Sanjay Jain spoke with your author about the Siddha Eden Lakeville development in Kolkata


ELEVATOR WORLD India • 4th Quarter 2018 •

and its VT. He has over 20 years of experience in ideating and implementing high-value real-estate projects. A commerce graduate from Calcutta University in 1988, he started his career by joining the family business of Jute, Iron & Steel Trading and Cement manufacturing. The drive to be creative led him into the real-estate development business. Siddha Group, under his leadership, started the real-estate business in 1993. The first building in Kolkata was a duplex residential complex — the only one of its type in the city at that time.

Critical Role Sanjay Jain opined: “When people think about the development of cities, rarely do they contemplate the critical role of vertical transportation. Efficient vertical transportation can limit or expand our ability to build taller skyscrapers, and recent innovations in elevator design promise to significantly reduce energy consumption. A smart elevator is a connected elevator capable of communicating with passengers, building managers, service staff and other building systems to improve the passenger experience and elevator performance, especially through improved elevator maintenance.” Highlighting the importance of elevators in modern-day construction, Sanjay Jain explained that elevator speed and capacity are determined via proper traffic analysis, based on various important parameters like the height of the building and number of residents, per National Building Code provisions. But, are elevators just a necessity or something more? What makes them relevant in different circumstances, and does the significance of their role vary?

Aerial rendering of Siddha Eden Lakeville

He explained that existing types of lifts satisfy even the most intricate ideas of the designer. Elevators are suitable for almost every environment. Modern technologies allow installing a lift in a very confined space, including in residences.

Project Aspects

A rendering of the Siddha Eden Lakeville Club

Siddha Eden Lakeville is located opposite a natural lake and offers modern comforts. Convenience is paramount at Siddha Eden Lakeville. Located within 500 m of BT Road, it is an island of calm and repose, away from inner-city traffic. The special features of its “Skywalk” are a party zone, cricket pitch, badminton court, outdoor café, basketball half court, amphitheater, sky art deck, shooting range and more. Sharing insights into the process of determining their specific requirements and decisions taken for this particular project, Sanjay underlined: “In the early stages of designing a building, we need to carry out the analysis and modeling of traffic flow on the basis of these data to make selection of the type, quantity, capacity, speed, service system and location of the elevators.”

Elevator Selection A modern project with so many amenities and facilities required special consideration and the application of advanced technology in all fields, including VT. With efficient use of space, shallow shaft pit depth and headroom, Continued

A rendering of Siddha Eden Lakeville from across a lake at evening

• Issue 4, Volume 11 •


A rendering of the children’s play area atop a Siddha Eden Lakeville building

Aerial rendering of Siddha Eden Lakeville Skywalk

A rendering of the Siddha Eden Lakeville entrance


ELEVATOR WORLD India • 4th Quarter 2018 •

Johnson Lifts Ltd. Nextra elevators were chosen as the solution. Their special inclusions are: ♌♌ Battery-operated emergency light and alarm bell ♌♌ Call-register signal and variable-frequency door operator ♌♌ Hall arrival lantern with gong ♌♌ Car arrival chime ♌♌ Automatic rescue device ♌♌ Vandal-proof stainless-steel (SS) button with SS cover ♌♌ Full car-operating panel ♌♌ Dot-matrix orange LED D&P indicators in car and landings ♌♌ Floor announcer with music ♌♌ Fireman’s switch ♌♌ False ceiling in car ♌♌ Full-infrared door screen ♌♌ Overload warning indicator ♌♌ Scaffolding, pit ladder and all minor builders’ work by Johnson ♌♌ Three-way intercom/press-and-speak phone ♌♌ SS handrail on rear side ♌♌ Braille buttons ♌♌ Landing push button with orange LED illumination in door frames on front wall   đ&#x;Œ?

Real Estate

Identifying Partners in Progress Real-estate developers and elevator manufacturers are increasingly looking at formal and informal partnerships. by Kamlesh Pandya


ELEVATOR WORLD India • 4th Quarter 2018 •



The deal was finalized in August under the mentorship of Raj Singhal, CEO, Elan Group. Elan will be using Mitsubishi Elevator equipment in all its commercial projects. Under this agreement, a letter of intent has been signed, wherein Mitsubishi Elevator shall supply elevators to Elan for the development of Elan Mercado at Sec-80 and Elan Town Centre at Sec67 Sohna Road, both of which are nearing possession; Elan Miracle, located at Sec-84 Dwarka Expressway; and its upcoming project in Sec-70, Gurgaon. Ko Tanaka, managing director of Mitsubishi Elevator, said: “India is an attractive emerging market with exponentially growing commercial and residential sectors. In the times to come, the demand for the highperformance elevator will continue to increase strongly in various segments, especially in the real-estate sector. Through this association, we will continue to leverage our existing strong sales and marketing network in India.” Commenting on this new trend, Rajesh Goyal, managing director of real-estate development company RG Group, said: Goyal

In the era of the Real Estate Regulatory Authority Act of 2016 (RERA), it takes two to tango, where real-estate development is concerned. When Elan Group, one of the leading commercial real-estate developers of Gurgaon, entered into a strategic partnership with Mitsubishi Elevator India Pvt. Ltd. to facilitate delivering high-end commercial properties in Delhi-National Capital Region, it was acknowledged as a long-pending step. From a scenario where the elevator in a building was treated as a utility item, to the stage when it became yet another lifestyle amenity— along the lines of a swimming pool or landscaped garden — to set a project apart, it was understood that a particular grade of developer would be providing a correlating brand. If you didn’t opt for a leading developer, the elevator was something on which to compromise and accept. Residents of standalone structures and large complexes with swanky towers alike often found the elevators lacking in terms of quality and performance. It was as if the two industries existed as parallels without any scope for convergence. All that changed with the implementation of RERA last year. The impact was quite visible at the International Elevator & Escalator Expo 2018, where the inauguration ceremony had more property developers and consultants as honored guests on the dais than one would normally expect (ELEVATOR WORLD India, 2nd Quarter 2018). The three-day event witnessed many more developers trying to connect with elevator manufacturers, and the Elan GroupMitsubishi Elevator India partnership reflects this new scenario.

India is an attractive emerging market with exponentially growing commercial and residential sectors. In the times to come, the demand for the high-performance elevator will continue to increase strongly in various segments, especially in the real-estate sector. — Ko Tanaka, managing director of Mitsubishi Elevator “We always tie up with top-notch elevator makers, mostly international ones, to provide standardized and safe living environments to those who buy houses in our projects. We also want to give a uniform look and feel to our projects. Choosing an elevator partner carefully is extremely critical, as there is no scope of accidents or casualties on the part of the developer or building administration. There are many global elevator players now operational in the Indian real-estate market, but a developer must join hands with the ones that have good teams of technicians in India to take care of serviceability and maintenance.”

Moving forward, it appears likely that we will see more such announcements and witness developers working together with elevator manufacturers to seize the new growth opportunities, while adhering to the new norms. Kamlesh Pandya is a storyteller with expertise in news and analysis. Since 2004, he has been executive editor at A Media, Inc., a Mumbai-based news and content agency, specializing in infrastructure, finance and lifestyle. An alumnus of the University of Bombay, his academic qualifications include accounting and financial management, along with commercial and international law.

From education and certification programs to unique gift ideas, the only website you need is ELEVATOR WORLD’S ONLINE BOOKSTORE

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• Issue 4, Volume 11 •


Public Safety

Hits and Misses Elevator users and maintainers all have important roles in safety.

by Kamlesh Pandya With each passing day, reports of elevator mishaps or of maintenance companies being called out for failures to repair faulty parts in the prescribed manner or to follow due procedure are becoming more frequent. While the revised norms for elevator maintenance are expected to usher in a new era and reduce such occurrences to a considerable extent, the fact remains that a change in mindset is also required from building residents or occupants who themselves tend to be a bit lax about these aspects. From prioritizing expenditure (people residing on or accessing only the initial two floors tend to be less generous with the idea of paying more for better quality elevator maintenance) to negligence in getting maintenance and spare part replacement done at regular intervals (you can’t stop the elevator for servicing this Sunday, I have relatives visiting) and incorrect usage (opening the elevator grill before it comes to a halt, pressing all the floor buttons while exiting the cab just for fun), many factors aggravate the situation. None of this, however, is an excuse for getting away with slapdash maintenance or incomplete repairs, let alone compromising on elevator safety. Providing an OEM perspective, Junichi Kyushima, managing director, Toshiba Johnson Elevators India Pvt. Ltd., explains that such occurrences take place because installation and maintenance of elevators is a high-risk job and, hence, 100% compliance with safety practices at worksites is of supreme importance. Kyushima noted: “The jobsites pose numerous situations that are unsafe. Broadly, they can be classified as accidents occurring due to unsafe working environment and those occurring due to unsafe


ELEVATOR WORLD India • 4th Quarter 2018 •

acts. Lack or absence of proper Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) is one of the major causes of accidents. A poor level of housekeeping, unguarded machinery or sharp tools, and inadequate safety warnings and signage add to the unsafe working conditions at the site. It is also the responsibility of workers to take serious consideration of the safety practices and follow them diligently. Non-conformance to them by untrained workers who remove or block safety devices, repair equipment while it is in operation, work in hazardous conditions without using the appropriate PPEs or who fail to obtain the necessary permits lead to accidents due to unsafe acts.” Commenting on changes that have been implemented over the past couple of years, and how they could prevent such incidents from recurring, Kyushima concurs that the elevator/ escalator industry is undergoing a slow but steady move toward more-stringent safety norms, especially those related to the subcontractor workforce. Many elevator companies have introduced subcontractor support cells to ensure that only the best subcontractor personnel are trained and retained and, thus, ensure compliance on all grounds. Similarly, training centers are being widely used to promote safety and quality knowledge among the workforce. Said Kyushima: “Toshiba Johnson Elevators has set up a subcontractor cell wherein all new subcontractor employees are put through mandatory rigorous safety training and compliances, such as Provident Fund and Employees State Insurance Corp. We are also in the process of developing a full-fledged training

Toshiba Johnson Elevators India Pvt. Ltd. Managing Director Junichi Kyushima says rigorous training is part of the answer to elevator accidents.

center to cater to the safety and technical training aspects of all vertical-transportation systems supplied, installed and maintained by us. Since all the elevator work can be done only by liaising continuously with the client’s operations team, it becomes necessary that clients are sensitized to elevator/escalator ‘safe work’

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requirements. All incidents are a drain on companies, especially where trained and experienced manpower must be retained. Health and safety developments play a prominent role in ensuring that safety education reaches the deepest strata of workmen.â€?   đ&#x;Œ?

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• Issue 4, Volume 11 •


Product Spotlight

Energy-Efficient Improvements Sensors, complete elevators and upgrade kits hit the market.

Energy-Saving Escalator Detection Sensor

CEDES’ TOF/Start sensor is designed to save up to six times more energy than regular escalator detection sensors. Using CEDES’ Time of Flight (TOF) technology to distinguish if a person walking through the sensor’s detection zone is actually walking toward the escalator to use it or simply passing by, the product can increase energy savings by as much as 600%. A total of 12 hr. more “slow mode” across only two escalators saves approximately 50 kWh per day, estimated at US$1,500, the company said. This is because it can greatly increase the “slow mode” of an escalator, which uses 2.5 kW, versus 7.5 kW when the escalator is in normal mode.

In a case study in a Swiss shopping center, the directionrecognition feature increased slow-mode usage from 1 to 6 hr. per elevator per day. Schindler Master Escalator Instructor René Würsch, who chose the product for the project, explained: “The TOF/Start is a great solution, because we can set the detection area to match the individual application’s needs. You can make it as big or as small as you want and know that cross-traffic will be ignored. There are huge energy savings to be made. The TOF/Start is also easy to install, particularly if you are using the cabling of existing sensors. It took about 1 hr. per TOF/Start, so, with four sensors it took four hours. This is a very reasonable downtime for such major savings down the road.”


The TOF/Start, installed


ELEVATOR WORLD India • 4th Quarter 2018 •

The TOF/Start can detect and ignore cross-traffic.


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Energy-Efficient, Aesthetic Elevators for MidRange Segment

KONE India has launched U MonoSpace® and U MiniSpaceTM, energy-efficient elevators for the mid-range segment available in 26 car-design choices inspired by Navaratna, the nine gems. The company also launched its Customer Experience Centre at the India Technology & Engineering Center in Chennai, which will showcase these and other new offerings. KONE India Managing

It’s back.

Director Amit Gossain was joined by KONE President and CEO Henrik Ehrnrooth and Executive Vice President Asia Pacific Axel Berkling at the launch. Of the new U models, Gossain said: “Their unique interiors will certainly help differentiate our brand in the marketplace. Moreover, the new designs and aesthetics will create a lasting impression and enhance the user experience. Ride comfort is an important part of the user experience, and our aim is to deliver the best user experience.”

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ELEVATOR WORLD India • 4th Quarter 2018 •

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Kit for Display Upgrades


Janus has launched a display product kit, PRP, designed to mitigate the difficulties faced by elevator maintenance companies when updating or modernizing a display unit in an elevator. Connected to a navigation box that functions as a self-learning sensor that informs the display of required elevator information, it can be installed on the car operating panel (COP) “with minimal effort,â€? the company states. The display processor and screen are mounted on either side of the COP and connected by a single cable. Since there is no requirement to remove existing metalwork, less onsite time for an engineer is required. The product can overcome the challenge of different elevator controller communication protocols when installing a new display. This is done by allowing maintenance companies to install a display without needing to decode the elevator controller by wiring an encoder. Other benefits include drag-and-drop layout designer software designed to be an intuitive tool for building owners to easily update display layouts. Janus is represented by Avire, which is part of the Infrastructure Safety Sector of Halma plc. đ&#x;Œ?   

The PRP’s navigation box

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ESCALATOR COMB IMPACT & SKIRT IMPACT TOOL Tools for checking code required vertical & horizontal force for Setting Comb & Skirt Switches. They will also check distance at proper pressure to steps from skirts as required by A17.1 code. The tools are furnished in a Pelican Case with wheels for easy transport. Code Ref: A17.1- A17.1- A17.1- A17.1- As described in A17.2-7.17.2(b)(1 thru 8) For more information contact 94

ELEVATOR WORLD India • 4th Quarter 2018 •

ELEVATOR WORLD India Source Directory This section serves as a resource for the industry and consists of current Elevator World India advertisers and their website or email addresses. For detailed information on each company, please visit www.elevatorworld. com/directory. Contact Anitha Raghunath at or T. Bruce MacKinnon at for more information.









































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Advertisers Index ADCO Controls............................................................35 Adon Components....................................................43 Altenmo Technologies Pvt. Ltd..............................39 APSON Inc.......................................................... Cover 2 Arkel Electronic India Private Limited.................19 Bharat Bijlee Ltd............................................................5 Blain Hydraulics Gmbh.............................................41 Canny Group Co., Ltd................................................37 Dinacell Electronica, s.l.............................................49 EC India............................................................17, 45, 75 Escon Elevators Pvt. Ltd.............................................1 Esquire Engineering Co.....................................32, 33 EXCELLA Electronics....................................................7 Index System................................................................13 Inova Automation Pvt Ltd.......................................29 Jayashree Encoders Pvt Ltd....................................21 Johnson Lifts Pvt Ltd.................................................25 Jupiter Enterprises.....................................................20 Marazzi (Jiangsu) Elevator Guide Rails Co., Ltd..........................................................................71


ELEVATOR WORLD India • 4th Quarter 2018 •

Montanari Giulio & C. Srl..........................................15 Monteferro India Guiderails and Elevator Parts Pvt Ltd........................................................77 Physical Measurement Technologies..................55 PROLIFT Asansör San.Tic. ve Ltd.Sti.......... Cover 4 Schindler India Pvt. Ltd................................. Cover 3 Shanghai BST Electric Co., Ltd................................85 Sharp Engineers..........................................................27 Sicor Engineering India Pvt Limited....................31 STEP -Shanghai Yixin International Trade Co., Ltd...................................................................47 Tecno Doors Pvt Ltd..................................................23 Tectronics Engineers.................................................73 Torin Drive India Private Limited............................9 Virgo Communications & Exhibitions Pvt. Ltd...........................................................................91 Wittur Italia Holding Srl............................................11

Elevator World Products Lift Modernisation......................................................26 Escalator Safety...........................................................48 Escalator Engineering...............................................59 The Elevator World Podcast....................................63 The Elevator World App...........................................72 Elevator World Media Planner...............................81 Educational Products................................................87 Follow Elevator World...............................................89 Elevator Engineering, Second Edition................92 Elevator World Newsletters.....................................95 Marketplace Dale Tolar & Associates Eletech Industries Flexon Elevator & Escalator Cables Kich Architectural Products Pvt. Ltd. Mundapat Engineers Enterprises

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