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2ND QUARTER 2014

The Premier Magazine for the Building Transportation Industry in India

ELEVåTOR WÅRL­D India

Issue 2, Volume 7

ELEVATOR WORLD INDIA

Cover:

Year in Review: Tall Trends 2013 KARENG/2008/24064

Marina Square “Pearl of the Emirates” IEE Expo 2014

www.elevatorworldindia.com


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Contents 16

ON THE COVER 36 Year in Review: Tall Trends of 2013

by Daniel Safarik and Antony Wood

FEATURES 52 IEE Expo 2014 by Mohammad Azrael, Mugdha Joshi and Jaincy Srancis 68 82

Marina Square, “Pearl of the Emirates” by Kaija Wilkinson

Airport on the Rise by Kaija Wilkinson

COLUMNS

32

74

Inspection Intelligent Inspection of Elevators by Tim Ebeling

Market Trends The Indian Economy: Will It Turn the Corner? by Srini Vuruputur

62

44 88

2nd Quarter Issue 2, Volume 7

2014

68

Readers Platform Elevator Safety and Accidents by Rajnikant Lad

Technology Elevators Tend to “Fall” Upward, Too by Yoram Madar Rope Application, Installation and Maintenance by Kevin Heling

DEPARTMENTS 3 6 8 10 16 86 93 95 96

Guest Editor’s Overview Comments Calendar Inside India News Regional Industry News Product Spotlight Marketplace Source Directory Advertisers Index

ELEVåTOR WÅRLD India

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ELEVåTOR WÅRLD

India ™

ELEVATOR WORLD India is a quarterly magazine published by ­Elevator World Inc., Mobile, Alabama (U.S.) and Virgo Publications, Bangalore (India). Virgo Publications is a sister organization of Virgo Communications, the organizers for IEE – International Elevator & Escalator Expo. Elevator World, Inc. is the premier publisher for the international building transportation industry. Since the inception of ELEVATOR WORLD magazine in 1953, the company has ­expanded core products to include ELEVATOR WORLD India, an ­extensive network of websites, a bi-weekly e-mail newsletter (Elenet®) and the Source©, the most inclusive industry directory. Publishers – Anitha Raghunath, Ricia Hendrick, T.Bruce MacKinnon International Publishing Co. – Elevator World, Inc. Indian Publishing Co. – Virgo Publications Editorial International Managing Editor – Angela C. Baldwin EW Editorial Staff (U.S.) – Lee Freeland, Kaija Wilkinson Indian Guest Editor – Rajnikant Lad EWI Correspondents - Mohamed Iqbal Contributors – Tim Ebeling, Srini Buruputur, Yoram Madar, Kevin Heling, Daniel Safarik, Antony Wood, Mohammad Azrael, Mugdha Joshi, Jaincy Srancis Printing, Distribution and Commercial Operations Commercial Directors – Anitha Raghunath and G. Raghu (India) – Patricia Cartee (U.S.) Advertising Sales and Marketing Anitha Raghunath and G. Raghu (India) – T. Bruce MacKinnon, Lesley K. Hicks, Scott O. Brown, Cleo Brazile (International) Brad O’Guynn (Marketing) Patricia Cartee (Education Products) Anitha Raghunath Production and Internet EW staff (U.S.) – Lillie McWilliams, Jessica Trippe, Tara Dow, Dan Wilson Administration Anitha Raghunath (India) Emma Darby (U.S.) ELEVATOR WORLD® and ELEVATOR WORLD India™ are registered trademarks and all rights reserved. Copyright© 2014. For permission to reprint any portion of this magazine, please write to the publisher at Elevator World, Inc., P. O. Box 6507, Mobile, Alabama 36660, USA or at Virgo Publications, Virgo House, 250 Amarjyoti Layout, Domlur Extension, Bangalore, India 560071. ELEVATOR WORLD India is published in the interest of the members of the elevator industry in India, to improve communication within that industry and to further continuing education of members of that industry. ELEVATOR WORLD India publishes articles by contributing authors as a stimulus to thinking and not directives. ELEVATOR WORLD India publishes this material without accepting responsibility for its absolute accuracy, but with hopes that the vast majority of it will have validity for the field. The ideas expressed therein should be tempered by recognized elevator engineering practices, standards, codes and guidelines. Publication of any article or advertisement should not be deemed as an endorsement by ELEVATOR WORLD India, ELEVATOR WORLD, the publishers at Elevator World Inc. or Virgo Publications. Printed by Sri Sudhindra Offset Process, No.27-28, 8th Cross, Malleshwaram, Bangalore - 560003, Karnataka, India. ELEVATOR WORLD India will be published quarterly in 2014: February 14, May 16, August 15 and November 14. Advertising and subscription information is available at elevatorworldindia.com.

Guest Editor’s Overview Elevator Safety – A Review by Rajnikant Lad I strongly believe elevator systems are the safest vertical transportation systems. No one should doubt it – least of all elevator industry people. But, the increasing number of elevator accidents threatens this belief and demands introspection among industry people, as well as a fresh look at elevator safety. Studies reveal most elevator-accident deaths (p. 62) result from a passenger or technician falling into an elevator pit. Some deaths occur while carrying out rescue operations. The freefall of an elevator is also a serious accident and creates panic among users. There are also incidents where a passenger tries to exit the elevator, and it suddenly starts moving, resulting in the passenger being crushed. Does all this mean the existing elevator safety provisions are not enough? A detailed study of these accidental deaths reveal it is the technician or passenger who goes against the safety provisions and puts his/her life at risk. If the gate-lock and safety-edge systems are in their places, and passengers follow required user norms and rescue procedures, there will be no instances of a person falling into an elevator shaft or getting seriously hurt during door-closing or rescue operations. All of these study results lead us to conclude it is a lack of awareness and/or training among technicians and users that result(s) in accidents and loss of life. This needs to be studied and addressed by the elevator industry and government authority governing the industry. The Maharashtra Lift Inspector department has recently taken several steps in this direction, like making it mandatory to have overload and auto-rescue devices for all elevators. But, this will not be enough to ensure total safety. The situation demands more concrete steps, in terms of education and training of users and technicians. There are more than 100,000 elevators installed in Maharashtra alone, and the Indian elevator population totals (by rough estimate) nearly 400,000 units, with an increase of 35,000 to 40,000 units every year. The existing elevator population and growing number of new installations demand trained installation technicians, service technicians and elevator operators. The employment and presence of them will help reduce the possibility of accidents. If we go beyond this and provide graduate/ postgraduate higher education in vertical transportation, we can Continued


Residential Gates

play a greater role in the development of the elevator industry at the national and international levels. Providing elevator technical skills and knowledge will provide good support to the elevator industry, in particular, and the national economy, in general, besides contributing to a reduction in elevator accidents. Through this platform, I request the Indian Ministry of Human Resources, in consultation with the Indian elevator industry, study the elevator engineering requirement and incorporate required courses into the curriculum of vocational training institutes, industrial training institutes and engineering institutes. Continuous knowledge and training on elevator operations up to graduation can make our elevator travel safer and reconfirm my belief that the elevator system is the safest vertical-transportation system. Rajnikant Lad is the founder of the Elevator Safety Awareness Forum and a Chartered Engineer with Shree Jee Elevators.

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ELEVATOR WORLD India • 2nd Quarter 2014 •

How to Contact EW India • Elevator World: 354 Morgan Avenue, Mobile, Alabama 36606, USA; phone: (1) 251-479-4514; fax: (1) 251-479-7043; e-mail: sales@elevatorworld.com or editorial@elevatorworld.com. • Virgo Publications: Virgo House, 250 Amarjyoti Layout, Domlur Extension, Bangalore, India 560071; phone: (080) 25357028/9; fax: (080) 25357028; e-mail: info@virgopubli cations.com. News, Press Releases and Article Submissions • Submissions to be considered for publication should be sent to angie@elevatorworld.com or editorial@elevatorworld. com. Editorial space is non paid; material is accepted based on newsworthiness or educational value and may be edited. Advertising • Contact Anitha Raghunath at (080) 25357028/9 or anitha@ virgopublications.com in India. Contact T.Bruce MacKinnon at (1) 251-479-4514, ext. 20 or tbruce@elevatorworld.com in the U.S. EW Educational Bookstore • For educational books, posters, CDs, DVDs and videos, visit website: www.elevatorbooks.com.


Comments Inspection a Concern in Smaller Cities

CO TOUC P/L H OP s

Lift inspections in cities may not be a problem due to the presence of the Office of the Lift Inspector (ELEVATOR WORLD India, 1st Quarter 2014, “Mumbai Officials Strive to Improve Elevator Safetyâ€?), but it is definitely a problem in tier-two and smaller cities. This is due to several factors: ♌♌ Lack of staff training ♌♌ Staff transfers and changes ♌♌ Lack of hands-on experience We can solve such problems by bringing back qualified, experienced former employees from the elevator industry. Mohan Kundley mskundle@rediffmail.com

Super Statistics

The Vertical Transportation Industry Profile, 2012 Edition is a great aid to the industry. It’s a lot of effort to accumulate these figures. Elevator World, Inc. should be proud and take some benefit from it. Achim HĂźtter ah@achimhuetter.de We appreciate the accolades we’ve received for our statistical reports, available at www.elevatorbooks.com. We plan to regularly update them as new editions and have scheduled the next in this series for a 2015 release. . . . Editor    đ&#x;Œ?

Join the Discussion! Submit your comments to one of the following addresses. Postal: P.O. Box 6507, Mobile, AL 36660; e-mail: editorial@elevatorworld.com; website: www.elevatorworld.com. ELEVATOR WORLD reserves the right to edit comments for length and clarity.

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ELEVATOR WORLD India • 2nd Quarter 2014 •

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Calendar

2014 May World Elevator & Escalator Expo China Import and Export Fair Complex Guangzhou, China May 16-19 For more information, contact organizer China Elevator Association at phone: (86) 316-231-1446, fax: (86) 316-231-1447 or website: www.chinaexhibition.com. INELEX Elevator and Elevator Technologies Exhibition The China Import and Export Fair Complex in Guangzhou is set for the World Elevator & Escalator Expo Izmir, Turkey on May 13-16. May 23-25 For more information, contact organizer August October Efor Fair & Organization at e-mail: info@ ExpoElevador 2014 eforfair.com or website: www.eforfair.com. European Lift Congress SĂŁo Paulo, Brazil Stuttgart, Germany August 12-13 October 7-8 June For more information, contact organizers For more information, contact host CECA Annual Convention at email: expoelevador@gmail.com or Technical Academy of Heilbronn e.V. at Quebec City, Canada website: expoelevador.com.br. email: tah@hs-heilbronn.de or website: June 3-7 tah.hs-heilbronn.de. Contact organizer at website: www. Indonesia Lift & Elevator Expo ceca-acea.org. Jakarta International Expo Korea Lift Safety Expo 2014 Kemayoran, Indonesia Coex LiftAsia ‘14 Seoul, South Korea August 14-16 Kuala Lumpur Convention Centre October 28-31 For more information or to register, visit Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia For more information, contact organizer website: www.ina-liftelevator.com. June 10-12 Coex at phone: (82) 2-6000-1058, fax: (82) For more information, contact organizer 2-6000-1333 or email: lift@coex.co.kr. September UBM MALAYSIA at (603) 2176-8788 or email: cheanfei.ong@ubm.com or website: www.liftasia.org.

International Mechanical, Electrical & Engineering Exhibition Kuala Lumpur Convention Centre Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia June 10-14 For more information, contact UBM MALAYSIA at phone: (603) 2176-8788, fax: (603) 2164-8786 or e-mail: aseanmne-my@ ubm.com.

July Elevcon Paris 2014 Novotel Paris Paris, France July 8-10 For more information, contact organizer the International Association of Elevator Engineers at website: www.elevcon.com

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ELEVATOR WORLD India • 2nd Quarter 2014 •

NAEC Annual Convention and Exposition Henry B. Gonzales Convention Center and Grand Hyatt San Antonio San Antonio, TX September 8-11 For more information, contact the National Association of Elevator Contractors’ (NAEC) Amanda Smith at phone: (770) 760-9660, fax: (770) 760-9714, e-mail: amanda@naec.org or website: www.naec.org. CTBUH International Conference Grand Hyatt Jin Mao Shanghai, China September 16-19 For more information, contact Patti Thurmond at email: pthurmond@ctbuh. org or the Council on Tall Buildings and Urban Habitat (CTBUH) at website: www. ctbuh.org.

2015 March

MADE Expo Fiera Milano Rho Milan, Italy March 18-21 For more information, contact organizer Diomedea at website: www.diomedea.it. AsansĂśr Istanbul 2015 TĂźyap Fair Convention and Congress Center Istanbul, Turkey April 9-12 For more information, contact organizer Istanbul Fair Organization Ltd. at email: asansor@ifo.com.tr.    đ&#x;Œ?


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Inside India News

Toshiba/ Johnson Partnership Going Strong Toshiba Elevator India Pvt. Ltd. (TEI), a 100% subsidiary of Toshiba Elevator and Building Systems Corp., Japan, has operated in India since April 2011. In October 2012, TEI entered into a joint venture with Johnson Lifts Pvt. Ltd. with an aim of accelerating its growth and strengthening its presence in the Indian market. Since then, the business has been known as Toshiba Johnson Elevators India Pvt. Ltd. (TJEI), with sole exclusivity to market Toshiba’s verticaltransportation solutions. In the three years since its inception, TJEI has secured jobs amounting to more than 380 units. Various projects, from the prestigious to the iconic, have been completed in various major Indian cities. Some of these include: ♦♦ One Avighna Park, Mumbai ♦♦ GIFT Tower, Ahmedabad ♦♦ Sheraton Hotel, Bangalore ♦♦ Hotel Holiday Inn, Chennai ♦♦ Milestone SEZ 1, Bhartiya City, Bangalore ♦♦ The Atmosphere, Kolkata

Top: Brigade Exotica, Bangalore Right middle: Brigade Magnum, Bangalore Right bottom: Lodha Aurum Grande, Mumbai Far right: One Avighna Park, Mumbai

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ELEVATOR WORLD India • 2nd Quarter 2014 •


Inside India News

Mitsubishi Electric Rolls Out New, India-Targeted Line Mitsubishi Electric has launched NEXIEZ-LITE, a new lineup of its NEXIEZ elevators designed for low- and mid-rise residential and office buildings in India. The company planned to start selling NEXIEZ-LITE on April 14, and has an annual sales goal of 1,000 units by 2016. NEXIEZ-LITE comes in three car designs reflecting Indian architecture and taste. Additional features include: ♦♦ A permanent-magnet-motor-powered gearless traction machine that reduces power consumption by 20% compared with that of inverter-controlled, worm traction machines ♦♦ LEDs that reduce power consumption by 75% compared with incandescent bulbs ♦♦ A Mitsubishi Emergency Landing Device, which automatically checks the elevator status in the event of an entrapment due to a power failure or other event, then moves the car to the nearest floor using a rechargeable battery ♦♦ A multibeam door sensor to monitor the entire doorway (Doors open if any object is detected.) ♦♦ Capacity of 544-1020 kg, or eight to 10 persons, and speed of 105 mps

Liftman Escapes Major Injuries in 13-Floor Fall A liftman in Thane suffered only minor head injuries as a result of the elevator in which he was the sole occupant plummeting 13 floors, The Times of India reported in January. The lift is located in a slum-rehabilitation tower in Kopri and, according to one resident, had trapped a relative and been wobbling prior to the incident.

Planned 64-story Mumbai Development A new mixed-use development planned near Mumbai’s city center blends size and luxury. A Lodha Group project, New Cuffe Parade is set to consist of 10, 64-story residential towers plus a commercial building on a heavily landscaped 10 ha with pools, clubhouse and sporting amenities, designboom reports. Designed by WOHA architects, it will boast an expansive courtyard and views of the Arabian Sea. Located approximately 20 min. from downtown, the development is scheduled for completion in 2018.

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Crime and Crime Prevention 34 New Units Part of MRVC’s Trespassing Control Plan Twenty-six escalators, eight elevators and 12 foot overbridges (FOBs) are part of Mumbai Railway Vikas Corp.’s (MRVC) plan to improve commuter flow and curb trespassing at 12 of its suburban stations, The Times of India reports. Installation had been scheduled to start in May and be complete in approximately a year. MRVC consultant Sir J.J. College of Architecture estimates implementing the measures, which also include adding new entry and exit gates and connecting FOBs, will result in a 75-80% reduction in trespassing-related accidents that occur when people cross tracks.

Police Arrest Mechanics Suspected of Elevator-Part Theft In January, Vishrantwadi police arrested a pair of elevator-repair mechanics suspected of stealing lift control-panel devices, The Times of India reported. Police seized 10 of the devices, said to be worth INR25,000 (US$399) each, from the men, a 23 year old from Vishrantwadi and a 20 year old from Yerawada. They were arrested after the motorcycle on which they were riding was stopped. They were carrying a bag full of elevator parts and suspected burglary tools, and their answers did not provide an adequate explanation. As a result of the arrest, five other cases were solved in Vishrantwadi and nearby Lonikand and Sangvi.

Railway Aims to Catch Mischief Makers on CCTV Cameras Western Railway (WR) hopes installing closed-circuit television (CCTV) cameras on some of its escalators will help catch culprits pressing emergency-stop buttons on the bases of the units, DNA India reports. Because the escalators can be reactivated only with a special key, the issue has been a problem for commuters. WR authorities said the Borivli station has been among the hardest hit, and that it often happens late at night when crowds thin out.


Inside India News

Railways Strive to Improve Accessibility New Units at New Delhi

Two Lifts, Two Escalators in Store for Mangalore

Indian Railways is installing escalators at entry and exit points and at most platforms at the New Delhi station, in response to the Delhi government demanding better access for the disabled and elderly, The Times of India reported in April. On at least one platform, space constraints may necessitate a lift rather than an escalator, railway officials said. The escalators are being placed as close to trains as possible.

Mangalore Central railway station will be outfitted with two lifts and two escalators as part of ongoing system upgrades, The Hindu reported in February. The article did not give a timeframe but noted that Railway Minister M. Mallikarjuna Kharge said upgrades are also in store for Thiruvanathapuram, Kochi and Kozhikode.

Escalators in Operation at Banaswadi Station Four escalators were inaugurated at the Banaswadi Railway Station in Bangalore in February. The Hindu reported that the station was one among the 850 railway stations in the country now equipped with escalators. There are 26 ongoing Indian railway projects underway, 10 of which are still in the land-acquisition phase.

Riders Await Escalators at Indore Station Riders will have to wait a little longer for escalators at the Indore railway station, Western Railway General Manager Hemant Kumar said in February. The Times of India reported on the project, which Kumar explained is being completed in phases. The first phase includes installation of escalators at 16 stations, while the second phase could include a moving walk, which has already been approved, at Indore.    đ&#x;Œ?

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ELEVATOR WORLD India • 2nd Quarter 2014 •


Regional Industry News

New Facilities, Partnerships Reflect Market Trends Myanmar, Middle East and China among target markets.

Schindler in China Schindler has announced three new partners that have contracted with the company to supply products and technology for building projects in the emerging Chinese cities of Chongqing, Changsha and Ordos City. First, the Chongqing Lifan Centre will feature prominently in the local skyline of the city’s swiftly developing Central Business District. With towers reaching 42 stories, the residential complex will include 22 Schindler elevators, of which 12 are Schindler 7000 high-rise elevators. Schindler is the sole supplier of products and technology and will manufacture all units in its Suzhou factory. The development is to open in the second half of this year.

The Changsha YunDa Central Plaza is already under construction in the capital city of Hunan Province in south-central China. To become a showpiece in the urban center, the 65-story multiuse complex will feature 33 Schindler 7000 high-rise elevators to provide mobility to a W Hotel and St. Regis Hotel, a grade-A office tower and a shopping mall. Schindler calls this job “the second-largest twin hotel tower project in Central China,” which is expected to open in February 2015. The Orient Building in Ordos City, Inner Mongolia, is expected to help transform the surrounding rural landscape to a fullfledged city that could one day welcome up to a million inhabitants. The tower will include 13 Schindler 7000 high-rise elevators and become the first building in Inner Mongolia to incorporate Schindler’s PORT transit-management technology, intended to optimize access, guidance, transportation and security. Reaching heights of 160 m, its completion is planned for late 2014.

Steel Prices to Intensify Elevator Price Growth

A rendering of the Orient Building in Ordos City, China

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ELEVATOR WORLD India • 2nd Quarter 2014 •

Elevators are among five steel-based products forecast to see accelerated price growth due to an anticipated 2.2% annualized increase in steel prices over the next three years, Australian research firm IBISWorld reports. In addition, continued post-recession construction recovery is expected to fuel elevator demand, which will also contribute to higher prices. The value of private nonresidential construction is expected to grow at an annual rate of 7.5%

from 2014-2017. This, combined with rising steel prices, is anticipated to result in an acceleration of elevator price increases to an annual rate of 4.2% from 2014-2017, compared with 3.4% over the past three years. Steel represents approximately 35% of the typical OEM’s total purchase costs.

Hyundai Elevator Lays Groundwork for Global Expansion Seoul-based Hyundai Elevator Co. is laying the groundwork for overseas growth, with a particular focus on China and the Middle East, Yonhap News Agency reported. Hyundai Elevator has increased its stake in Shanghai affiliate Shanghai Hyundai Elevator Co. from 84% to 100%, and, in 2014, plans to establish new corporate offices in Tunisia, Turkey and Myanmar, bringing the number of foreign branches from seven to 10. The company has also expanded its South American presence, with a new manufacturing facility in Brazil. Hyundai Elevator aims to increase its overseas orders by 25% in 2014, to more than US$190 million.

Mitsubishi Electric Establishes Myanmar Office Mitsubishi Electric Asia Pte. Ltd. is opening an office in the Union Business Center in Yangon, Myanmar. Slated to open on April 25, the office is tasked with expanding business by conducting market research and supporting infrastructure projects and local distributors. It will be headed by General Manager Kohji Maruyama. Mitsubishi Electric has supplied Continued


Project : JW Marriott Hotel, Sahar, Mumbai Developer : M/s. Chalet Hotels Pvt. Ltd. (M/s. K Raheja Corp)

Project : AG IT Park, Chennai Developer : Dr. Gupta Group of Companies

Project : Mindspace - Building No.: 12-A, Hyderabad Developer : M/s. Sundew Properties Pvt. Ltd. -Sez (M/s. K Raheja Corp.)

Project : Nirlon Knowledge Park - Phase-III, Mumbai Developer : M/s. Nirlon Limited

Registered Office: Unit 802 A & B, Tower 2, 8th Floor, Konnectus Building, Bhavbhuti Marg, Near Minto Bridge, Connaught Place, New Delhi-110 001. India Tel.: (91 11) 3060 5290 Fax: (91 11) 3060 5299

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Regional Industry News

Mitsubishi Business Center in Yangon, Myanmar

products, including elevators and escalators, through distributors in Myanmar since the 1990s. Remarking on the country’s outlook, the company noted: “Foreign investment for the development of infrastructure and special economic zones is accelerating in Myanmar due to democratization and economic reforms in recent years. The country’s consumer market has strong growth potential over the medium to long term.”

Oman’s TLS Joins Forces with ThyssenKrupp Elevator Trade Links & Services (TLS), a division of the Ali Mirza Group in Oman, has become an officially licensed distributor of ThyssenKrupp Elevator products. The partnership promises to help TLS meet demand from Oman’s burgeoning real-estate and construction markets. TLS Managing Director Hani bin Mirza stated: “ThyssenKrupp Elevator’s . . . parts contribute to maintaining leading-edge equipment [and] can be used to repair malfunctions

Managing Director Bruce Philipps, in light blue tie and suit, with staff outside the new Airdri facility.

and upgrade older equipment, creating a suitable modernization option to improve the performance of units in any building. The partnership will allow TLS to stock replacement parts for the entire ThyssenKrupp Elevator line, as well as source additional components from the regional headquarters in Dubai. Experienced staff will be able to offer complete packages and step-by-step solutions for maximum functionality.”

“World Elevators” Study Looks at 2017, 2022 A new study by The Freedonia Group, “World Elevators,” analyzes the global market for elevators (including passenger and freight types), escalators and moving walkways, and associated parts, such as controls, doors, sensors, and power-transmission equipment, which are sold separately. It also covers demand for installation services and modernization services. Historical data (2002, 2007 and 2012) and forecasts for 2017 and 2022 are provided for elevator supply and demand by type and market (including residential and nonresidential) for six regions and 18 major national markets. Among the highlights of this extensive report include a forecasted 6% rise in annual world demand, the prediction that the U.S. will outpace most high-income countries, expectations that equipment demand will outpace services and the anticipation that the machine-room-less elevator market will continue to gain market share. More than 40 global companies are mentioned, including Hitachi, KONE, Otis, Schindler and ThyssenKrupp Elevator. For more information or to purchase, visit website: www. elevatorbooks.com.

Airdri Opens Guangzhou Facility U.K.-based The Airdri Group, parent of Formula Systems, manufacturer of infrared door-protection technology for elevators, has opened a new facility in Guangzhou, China. Located near Airdri’s Chinese production partner, the facility is home to a newly formed sales team with a focus on expanding its elevator-safety business to distributors, partners and potential customers. James Clark, Airdri’s Commercial Group director, noted: “We already service large customers in China and the wider region, but see this as a major opportunity to accelerate our sales through this new team.” Oman’s TLS

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ELEVATOR WORLD India • 2nd Quarter 2014 •


Regional Industry News

China Remains Active Elaborately designed resort hotels among projects Schindler to Outfit Parisian Macao with 131 Units Schindler has been hired to outfit Sands China’s Parisian Macao hotel and casino with 85 elevators and 46 escalators. The latest order includes 40 7000 high-rise and 39 5500 elevators. Featuring a half-sized replica of the Eiffel Tower, the Paristhemed development will have 3,000 hotel rooms and 300,000 sq. ft. of retail. Schindler units will be installed in its podium, hotel tower and Eiffel Tower replica. Scheduled for completion in late 2015, Parisian Macao will be the fourth Sands development on the Cotai Strip to feature Schindler equipment.

Test Elevator Insurance Program Compensates Passengers A pilot insurance program that compensates people affected by elevator malfunctions went into effect January 28 in

four Chinese cities: Nanjing, Nantong, Suzhou and Wuxi, China Radio International reported. For the first year, elevator manufacturers and installers pay the premiums, with equipment owners, users, maintenance companies and testing agencies sharing a portion of the cost beginning in year two. The annual premium for a household in a 10-story building housing two households per floor would be small, amounting to less than CNY1 (US0.16) per year, according to the article. Users would receive up to CNY200 (US$33) as mental-injury compensation for being stuck in an elevator, or up to CNY5 million (US$826,500) for more serious incidents.

Beijing to Install Subway Monitoring System By year’s end, Beijing plans to install more than 3,000 monitoring devices known as “black boxes” to elevators and escalators

in its subway system, Mirror Evening News reported. The black boxes are outfitted with sensors connected to the Internet and maintenance workers’ mobile phones that issue alerts about machinery malfunctions and aging parts. The devices also analyze malfunctions.

Remarkable Design Unveiled for Macau Hotel Melco Crown Entertainment Ltd., owner of the City of Dreams gaming resort on the Cotai Strip in Macau, has unveiled Zaha Hadid’s design for the resort’s fifth hotel. The striking design by architecture’s “Queen of the Curve” features a pair of 40-story towers connected at the podium and roof. The exterior has a biomechanical look with rounded corners, while the interior features a soaring atrium. Designboom observes: “While additional bridges span a series of voids carved into the singular volume, the elevator’s exposed exoskeleton not only presents a visually engaging and dynamic façade, but also allows for the optimization of internal programming by reducing internal structural requirements.” Construction is underway, and the project is expected to be complete in early 2017.

Samsung Life Breaks Ground on Beijing High Rise

The atrium of the fifth City of Dreams hotel

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ELEVATOR WORLD India • 2nd Quarter 2014 •

Seoul-based Samsung Life Insurance has broken ground on a 63-story office building in Beijing, part of a continued effort to diversify its real-estate portfolio and take advantage of low interest rates, Business Korea reported. Scheduled for completion in 2016, the office tower will stand 260 m tall and comprise 167,500 m2. Approximately US$703.4 million is being invested in the project.    


Regional Industry News

Jobs Abound in Singapore Large vertical-transportation contracts for tall buildings, airport Schindler Wins 58-Unit Contract for Singapore Changi Airport

Changi Airport rendering

Schindler has been hired to supply 58 elevators and escalators, including 23 5500 modular elevators, to the new terminal at Singapore Changi Airport. The deal includes a 20-year equipment-maintenance provision. Boasting an orchid petalinspired design, Terminal 4 (T4) will cover 195,000 m2 and include a 300-m-long central indoor mall and 68-m-tall control tower. Ground was broken in November 2013, and T4 is scheduled for completion in 2017. It is expected to increase Changi’s annual passenger capacity by 20%, to 82 million.

Hitachi to Outfit DUO With 49 Units Hitachi Elevator Asia Pte. Ltd. has been hired to supply 39 elevators and 10 escalators to the DUO mixed-use development under construction in Singapore. The order includes four elevators with maximum speed of 7 mps and capacity of 1600 kg. Sixteen elevators will be outfitted with Hitachi’s Destination Floor Reservation System, designed to ease traffic flow. Scheduled for completion in 2017, DUO consists of a 49-story residential tower and a 39-story hotel and retail tower. It is being developed by M+S Pte. Ltd. and was designed by German-born architect Ole Scheeren, best known for his work on Beijing’s CCTV headquarters.

A rendering of Duo

22

ELEVATOR WORLD India • 2nd Quarter 2014 •

Marina One Residential Contract Let Schindler has been contracted to supply 34 elevators for the residential towers of Marine One, to rise at the heart of Singapore’s new Central Business District. The 3.67-million-sq.-ft. integrated development will include two 30-story office towers and two 34-story luxury residential towers, linked with a retail podium and green space called “The Heart,” featuring waterfalls and rooftop gardens. The project’s design has received several awards. Thirty of the elevators will be Schindler 7000 high-rise units. All will adopt Schindler’s Power Factor One (PF1) regenerative-drive technology and integrated control system, Lobby Vision. The PF1 regenerative drive enables power generated by the elevator to be fed back into the building’s electricity grid, consuming up to 30% less energy than comparable elevators. The Lobby Vision is a management tool that allows single-point supervision of multiple active systems. Marina One Residences consist of 1,042 luxury apartment units and “tropical living” on the sprawling 101-ha Gardens by the Bay. The entire project is scheduled for completion by 2017.

A rendering of Marina One


Regional Industry News

Burma to Get National Building Code According to DVB, construction projects in Burma will soon be regulated under a national building code. In drafting stages as of March, the Myanmar (Burma) National Building Code is designed to ensure procedural safety and combat embezzlement. It has been in development since 2012, said Than Myint, chairman of the Committee for Quality Control of High-Rise Building Projects. He also explained that a building code must be coupled with the establishment of disciplinary boards so those who fail to uphold the code will be penalized. “There may also be some buildings constructed in the past that need reviewing. It is important to set a schedule for check-up systems on these buildings -- say, once every three months, six months, or one year,� Myint continued. Construction Minister Kyaw Lwin said in March that 22 major development projects were soon to be revealed, with 60% of construction work to be implemented under private contract.

ISO 9001:2008 Certification for ThyssenKrupp Elevator Saudi ThyssenKrupp Elevator Saudi Ltd. has announced its award of ISO 9001:2008 certification. The company expects the internationally recognized quality certification to enhance its position in the Saudi Arabian market. Mohamad Jaber, general manager of the company, said to its employees: “We should all be proud of receiving this important internationally recognized certification, which is a true indication of your dedication and commitment to taking ThyssenKrupp Elevator Saudi [toward] continuous growth and prosperity. We shall now strive and spare no efforts in living [up] to the obligations this certification brings on us for applying and maintaining the quality standards we proudly achieved in obtaining the ISO 9001:2008 certification.�

Hyundai Elevator Lands 1,668-Unit Deal – Its Biggest Ever Seoul-based Hyundai Elevator Co. has secured a 1,668-unit, US$63-million contract to outfit all apartments in Bismaya New City, a planned city approximately 10 km southeast of Baghdad, Iraq, with elevators through 2019, Yonhap News Agency reported. Hyundai Elevator anticipated an additional US$26 million would be added to the contract for installation. Hyundai Elevator has supplied government buildings in the Middle East since early 2000 and states the Bismaya New City deal is “the largest single orderâ€? for the company since its founding in 1984. Upon completion, the city is expected to have 100,000 homes and 600,000 residents.   đ&#x;Œ?

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ELEVATOR WORLD India • 2nd Quarter 2014 •

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Regional Industry News

Dubai Work, Call for Reports Big mall project and an appeal in the name of safety mark activity in Dubai. Schindler to Supply 54 Units for Mall Expansion Schindler UAE will supply the vertical-transportation package for the Dubai Mall Fashion Avenue expansion. The order consists of 26 machine-room-less elevators and 28 escalators. The units are energy efficient, and include panoramic and freight versions. The mall is a popular destination, drawing 65 million visitors in 2012. The 1-million-sq.-ft. expansion is expected to open in late 2015.

Officials: Report Elevator Noises, Poor Maintenance Dubai officials are urging residents to report poorly maintained and noisy elevators to the city’s civic body, since such units could be dangerous, Gulf News reported. A city official said once an incident is reported by calling the civic body’s 800900 hotline, an inspector will visit the site and contact the building owner to initiate repairs, if needed. 

Image courtesy of DP Architects

Equator Tower in Kuala Lumpur REX Architecture PC has unveiled designs for Equator Tower in Kuala Lumpur, an 80-story, 380-m-tall structure primarily housing office space. Its design is characterized by what designboom calls “an external sunshade, wrapping the entirety of structure, which can be retracted depending on environmental conditions.” The purpose of the polytetrafluoroethylenecoated glass windows and fiber-reinforced sunshade is to protect offices from glare, without compromising panoramic views. During the day, the sunshade would be stretched across the edifice on a tensile cable net, giving the tower its distinctive form. The design allows sections of the veil to be retracted when not exposed to the sun. Alternatively, the entire shade can be removed on overcast days or evenings. Other uses for the building’s 173,000 m2 include auditoriums, restaurants, retail outlets and executive clubs. As of February, construction dates were yet to be set.

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ELEVATOR WORLD India • 2nd Quarter 2014 •

Equator Tower, which, as its name implies, sits on a section of the equator (rendering courtesy of REX Architecture).


Regional Industry News

KONE Orders around the World The company makes strides in garnering business from various locales.

162-Unit Order for Massive Manila Resorts KONE has been hired by Tiger Resort Leisure and Entertainment Inc. to supply and maintain 162 units at Manila Bay Resorts, a casino, hotel and retail development taking shape on the Manila Bay Strip in the Philippines. Scheduled for completion in 2015, the development is set to include 2,000 hotel rooms and a glass-domed swimming pool with a sand beach, in addition to the 24-hr. casino. KONE’s order consists of 120 MonoSpace® elevators, four TranSys™ freight elevators, 36 TravelMaster™ 110 escalators and two dumbwaiters, all linked by KONE’s E-Link™ monitoring system.

141 Units to Chengdu Development KONE has been hired to supply 141 units to Zhonghai International Center in Chengdu, China. The development’s four 160-m-tall and three 110-m-tall buildings will be outfitted with 28 MonoSpace® and 85 MiniSpace™ elevators, and 24 TravelMaster™ 110 and four TravelMaster 120 escalators. The installation also includes the Polaris™ destination-control system and E-Link™ remote-monitoring system. Developed by China Overseas and Investment Ltd., the Zhonghai International Center was designed by China Architecture Design and Research Institute Corp. Ltd. and Sichuan Provincial Architectural Design and Research Institute.

Rendering of Manila Bay Resorts

14 Units in Sydney Towers KONE has been hired to supply 14 elevators to a pair of towers -- a 47-story apartment building and a 32-story building housing upscale, long-term-stay units -- under construction in Sydney, FINNBAY.com reported in January, noting KONE has been focusing business on the Asia-Pacific region due to a sluggish economy in Europe and the U.S. In addition to system design, the order includes 11 MiniSpace™ units, five of which are able to travel 136 m from an underground parking facility to Continued

28

ELEVATOR WORLD India • 2nd Quarter 2014 •

Rendering of Centrium Apartments


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Legal Issues

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Design

History

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Left: Rendering of Zhonghai International Center Right: Rending of Tianjin Noble Winland IFC

penthouse apartments. All units will be powered by the energysaving EcoDiscÂŽ hoisting motor. The towers, forming Centrium Apartments, are scheduled for completion in late 2015.

63-unit Contract for Tianjin Skyscraper KONE has won a contract to supply 63 energy-efficient units to the Tianjin Noble Winland IFC office complex, a 300-m-tall tower

and adjacent retail podium in Tianjin Binhai New Area, China. Scheduled for completion in late 2016, the main building will have 38 MiniSpace™ elevators, some traveling at speeds of up to 7 mps; four DoubleDeck elevators; and four TravelMaster™ escalators. The podium will have nine KONE elevators and eight escalators. KONE’s E-Link™ traffic-monitoring system will serve to ease traffic flow throughout both tower and podium, KONE states.     đ&#x;Œ?

• Issue 2, Volume 7 • elevatorworldindia.com

31


Inspection

Intelligent Inspection of Elevators by Tim Ebeling There are systems available that now allow elevators to be tested more accurately and efficiently without weights. What matters, above all, is correct detection of all influencing factors in order to carry out a proper calculation of the full-load test result. A major factor is the influence of the counterweight at the exact instant the safety gear is triggered. The patented methods and sensors of the Henning ELVI system allow elevator safeties to be evaluated with a nondestructive testing process. Adding weight to the car only serves to further stress the people conducting the test and the elevator safety equipment being checked, and also causes unnecessary wear and tear to the complete elevator cabin and system. Elevators are the world’s safest means of public transportation. High-quality design, specific standards during fabrication and tests carried out at regular intervals make sure accidents caused by technical failures are practically nonexistent. One- and five-year testing intervals adopted worldwide guarantee the safety of passengers, operators and manufacturers of passenger lifts. What is tested and exactly how it is tested are really the greater concerns. The time when recurring elevator inspections require literally tons of weights to be hauled around is coming to an end. The elevatormaintenance company saves valuable time and money, the coordination of deadlines is easier, and, more importantly, damages caused during testing are minimized. The testing of elevators without using test weights is now established in the market for recurrent inspections. As early as 2003, Henning Testing Systems GmbH presented an intelligent testing system that has been widely distributed in Germany, Austria and across Europe. It is also now in Canada and the U.S., in the wake of code authority and market acceptance. The ELVI elevator-inspection system, with its patented measuring methods, allows an effective and equipment-sparing test

32

ELEVATOR WORLD India • 2nd Quarter 2014 •

process that can be carried out with a high level of safety. All components and testing sequences of the ELVI system have been independently validated by Zentrum für Förder und Aufzugstechnik Rosswein. In addition to testing the efficiency of the elevator safeties, the system also evaluates friction, the machine brake, weight of counterweight (CWT) and car weight, and carries out the half-load test. Individual rope tensions are exactly determined, too, and can easily be adjusted afterward. This protects suspension ropes, traction sheaves and deflection pulleys against wear and, thus, improves overall equipment and public safety, and minimizes unnecessary future expenses. There is no need for test weights and for manipulating the elevator’s mechanics, electrics or electronics; the overall testing procedure with ELVI is quickly completed in one go (less than 30 min.). An elevator technician with basic understanding of conducting emergency stops and some training in using this testing system is Continued all that is required.

Figure 1: the ELVI elevator-inspection system with the patented rope-load sensors, acceleration sensor (blue cube), hydraulic sensor (brass cylinder), together with adapters, display box and radio transmission, as well as modern evaluation software


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Correct Testing by Weight Measurement The exact weights of the car and CWT, measured by Henning’s patented rope-load sensors, are important for the evaluation of the safety of an elevator system. Experience has shown that the documented weights available on site are often quite unreliable, especially for modernized elevator systems and systems under extended maintenance periods; this is also sometimes the case with new systems. These weights are essential input figures needed to establish the brake force of the safety gear: wrong input figures will calculate potentially unreliable and dangerous results. Exact actual weights are needed to permit exact calculation of the expected behavior of the safety gear in the event of an emergency (a loaded car in freefall) and, further, to meet the standards of EN 81-1 for brake-type safety gears.

Physically Correct Freefall Statements Checking the efficiency of the safety gear without using known and correct weights involves a major risk with respect to the test statement, since the effective brake (holdback) force of the CWT is really unknown. Numerous tests have proven that the braking effect the CWT has on the car can decisively support the efforts of the safety gear (verified by ELVI or another similar test system). One might think that at the time the safety gear is tripped, the CWT does not act upon the safety gear. But, it quickly becomes apparent that – independent of the car load condition – this can be a dangerous assumption: numerous spring elements in the elevator system (not least the suspension ropes) may have the effect that the influences of the counterweight are not felt until several tenths of a second have passed. By this time, the car has usually come to a halt, predominantly because of the counterweight’s assistance. If one takes a look at the worst case (freefall), the CWT is no longer there; it has lost its connection (ropes) to the elevator cabin (car). The sample measurements, shown in Figure 2, will help make this clear. This actual test result shows the low-pass-filtered acceleration, the load measured in the suspension ropes (influence of the counterweight) and the speed at the time the safety gear is tripped.

One can see that during the entire safety-gear operation (T1-T3), the force in the suspension ropes is continuously reduced (black curve). At the beginning of the engagement of the safeties, the force is 28 kN. At time T2, when the car has already been decelerated to half the tripping speed of the overspeed limiter, the force is still 10 kN. Even at the end of safety-gear operation, it is still 2 kN. Should this force be neglected, an arithmetical delay of the fully loaded car in freefall of 12 mps2 (approximately 1.2 g) would result. The measured result would clearly be wrong. In a freefall, there would actually be a delay of 3 mps2 (approximately 0.3 g), which, in this particular elevator system, will, fortunately, prevent serious injuries. Unfortunately, numerous tests carried out with the ELVI system have also revealed elevators, without the supporting forces of the counterweight in a freefall situation, that would not have been able to have the car safely decelerated by means of the safety gear. This, to be sure, is the ultimate reason for conducting the test! The cars of these systems would have accelerated more and more, before crashing into the bottom of the pit, when full weights and speed conditions of a freefall would have occurred. It is crucially important to exactly determine the influences of the CWT on an empty car during the inspection of the safety gear. This is what the ELVI system and rope-load sensors were designed to accomplish. It is possible to calculate the conditions for the loaded car in a freefall situation. The influences of the counterweight and/or motor are directly measured so the ELVI system can measure the effectiveness of the safeties of elevator systems at random rated speeds – including reduced speeds. During safety-gear operation with an empty car, the forces in the ropes are constantly measured so a statement can be made at any time about the counterweight force that supports the tested safeties in decelerating the car. The ELVI system, therefore, allows the actual brake force of the safety gear to be exactly determined and its effect exactly calculated for the catastrophic emergency case (when a fully loaded car is in freefall).

Conclusion This presentation of safety-gear measurement using the ELVI system clearly shows the benefit of electronic systems, compared to using simple, but heavy, weights and measuring slide distances in the inspection of an elevator system. An electronic testing system capable of measuring the influences of the CWT in the course of safety-gear operation can make a clear statement with respect to the requirements of the EN  81 standard. This is not possible if one uses test weights. A test carried out with weights does not allow a statement to be made about the way in which the CWT supports the safety-gear operation; the CWT is potentially a very massive supporting force, which would not exist in a freefall situation. Reprinted from Lift-Report

Figure 2: Force and acceleration measurement at the time the safety gear is tripped (T1-T3): the counterweight (black) clearly influences the safety-gear operation (red: acceleration/black: load in the suspension ropes/blue: speed). Time T1 has acceleration of 0 mps2, load of 2835 kg and speed of -1.3 mps. Time T2 has acceleration of 2.3 mps2, load of 1060 kg and speed of -0.7 mps. Time T3 has acceleration of -0.7 mps2, load of 198 kg and speed of 0 mps.

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ELEVATOR WORLD India • 2nd Quarter 2014 •

Tim Ebeling is head of Development, Henning Testing Systems GmbH, Schwelm.


Market Trends

Year in Review:

Tall Trends of 2013

A small increase in completions marks a return to upward trends. by Daniel Safarik and Antony Wood

Top: Mercury City Tower (© Butyrskii Igor) Bottom Right: JW Marriott Marquis Hotel Dubai Tower 2 (© JW Marriott Marquis Hotel Dubai) Opposite Page: The Gate Towers (© Sorouh Real Estate)

36

ELEVATOR WORLD India • 2nd Quarter 2014 •


01 JW Marriott Marquis Hotel Dubai Tower 2 Dubai, 355 m/1,116 ft

02 Mercury City Tower Moscow, 339 m/1,112 ft

By all appearances, the small increase in the total number of tall-building completions from 2012 to 2013 is indicative of a return to the prevalent trend of increasing completions each year over the past decade. Perhaps 2012, with its small year-on-year drop in completions, was the last year to register the full effect of the 2008/2009 global financial crisis, and a small sigh of relief can be let out in the tall-building industry as we begin 2014. At the same time, it is important to note that 2013 was the second-mostsuccessful year ever, in terms of 200-m-plus-tall building completion, with 73 buildings of 200 m or greater height completed. Only the 81 completions of 2011 surpassed this figure. When examined in the broad course of skyscraper completions since 2000, the rate is still increasing. From 2000 to 2013, the total number of 200-m-plus-tall buildings in existence increased from 261 to 830 – an astounding 318%. From this point of view, we can more confidently estimate that the slight slowdown of 2012, which recorded 69 completions after 2011’s record 81, was a “blip,” and that 2013 was more representative of the general upward trend. For the fourth year running, nine supertalls (at 300-m-plus heights) were again completed in 2013. The 36 supertalls built over the last four years comprise nearly half of all supertalls (77). Across the globe, the Continued

03 Modern Media Center Changzhou, 332 m/1,089 ft 04 Al Yaqoub Tower Dubai, 328 m/1,076 ft

11 United International Mansion Chongqing, 287 m/942 ft

=05 Deji Plaza Nanjing, 324 m/1,063 ft 07 Cayan Tower Dubai, 307 m/1,008 ft

=05 The Landmark Abu Dhabi, 324 m/1,063 ft

10 Dongguan TBA Tower Dongguan, 289 m/948 ft

=08 East Pacific Center Tower A Shenzhen, 306 m/1,004 ft 16 East Pacific Center Tower B Shenzhen, 261 m/856 ft

12 Chongqing Poly Tower Chongqing, 287 m/941 ft

=08 The Shard London, 306 m/1,004 ft

© Council on Tall Buildings and Urban Habitat 2014 13 Shimao International Center Office Tower Fuzhou, 273 m/896 ft 15 Bicsa Financial Center Panama City, 267 m/876 ft 14 Suzhou Center Suzhou, 17 Jing An Kerry Centre Tower 2 268 m/879 ft Shanghai, 260 m/853 ft =18 Garden Square Shanghai, 258 m/846 ft

=18 The Metropolitan Office Tower Tianjin, 258 m/846 ft =18 Radisson Plaza Hotel Xiaoshan Tower 1 Hangzhou, 258 m/846 ft

© Council on Tall Buildings and Urban Habitat 2014

The tallest 20 buildings completed in 2013 • Issue 2, Volume 7 • elevatorworldindia.com

37


sum of heights of all 200-m-plus-tall buildings completed globally in 2013 was 17,662 m. This is also ranked second in history, behind the 2011 record of 21,642 m. Of the 73 buildings completed in 2013, 12 (16%) entered the list of 100 tallest buildings in the world. For the sixth year running, China had the most 200-m-plus-tall completions of any nation, at 37, located across 22 cities. The tallest building to be completed in 2013 was the 355-m-tall JW Marriott Marquis Hotel Dubai Tower 2 in Dubai. Three of the five tallest buildings completed are in the U.A.E. for the second year in a row. Europe has two of the 10 tallest buildings completed in a given year for the first time since 1953. Panama added two buildings of such a height, and the U.S. contributed 1717 Broadway in New York City (NYC) to the list.

Key Snapshots of 2013 Asia Asia completely dominated the world tall-building industry, at 74% of worldwide completions with 53 buildings in 2013, against 53% with 35 buildings in 2012. Asia now contains 45% of the 100 tallest buildings in the world. China remained the continent’s heavyweight and overall undisputed champion of tall-building construction. A total of 37 200-m-plus-tall buildings were completed – 50% of the global total and up from 24 in 2012. Central America – 2 (3%) Europe – 4 (5%)

North America – 1 (1%) The Shard (© Terri Meyer Boake)

Middle East – 12 (16%) Asia – 54 (74%)

entirely due to the opening of an eight-building complex, the Tanhyun Doosan project. Goyang, a city of 1.5 million near Seoul, is now on the world skyscraper map, in the same way that so many Chinese cities have entered the world’s consciousness over the past dozen years. Its achievement is in having eight 200-m-plus-tall buildings complete in 2013. Tall Buildings 200 m or Taller Completed in 2013 by City

Tall Buildings 200 meters or Taller Completed in 2013: by City 1,729 m

1750

7

1,485 m

6

Once again, Asia was the forerunner of the world’s annual tall-building completions.

38

ELEVATOR WORLD India • 2nd Quarter 2014 •

1,271 m

5

Number

5

Note: One tall building 200 m+ in height also completed during 2013 in these cities: Banqiao, Changzhou, Chengdu, Dalian, Doha, Dongguan, Fuzhou, Hangzhou, Harbin, Jakarta, Kuala Lumpur, Kuwait City, Liuzhou, London, Makati, Moscow, Nanchang, New York City, Pattaya, Seoul, Shijiazhuang, Taipei, Vienna, Wroclaw, Yuxi. 41 cities in total completed buildings 200 m+ in height during 2013.

5 1,038 m

1250

1000

4

4

819 m

750

726 m 3

3

3 556 m 513 m 2

2

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2

2

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461 m

2 448 m

2 436 m 2 432 m 2

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The sum of heights of all 200-m-plus-tall buildings in China in 2013 was 8,876 m, compared to 5,823 m in 2012, an increase of 52.4%. These buildings were spread across 22 cities. Shenzhen proved to be the most active skyscraper city, doubling its number of completions from the previous year, from two to four. It was closely tailed by Chongqing and Shanghai, which tied at three. Nanjing, Shenyang, Suzhou, Hefei, Tianjin, Nanning, Xiamen and Guangzhou each claimed two completions. Of these, Hefei and Xiamen are first-time entries to this list. The tallest building to be completed in China in 2013 was the 332-m-tall Modern Media Center in Changzhou. South Korea had the next-largest number of tall completions in the Asian region, though its figure of nine buildings was almost

1500

Number (Total = 73) Sum of Heights (Total = 17,662 m)

© Council on Tall Buildings and Urban Habitat 2014

© Council on Tall Buildings and Urban Habitat 2014

Many Chinese cities have been put on the world’s map in the last few years thanks to their numerous recently completed tall buildings.

Sum of Heights (m)

8

8


Middle East The Middle East recorded completion of 12 buildings of at least 200 m in height, forming 16% of the world total in 2013. This is a decrease from 16 buildings for 24% of last year’s total. While last year’s score was boosted by the completion of the Abraj-al-Bait Endowment, a single seven-building complex in Saudi Arabia, the U.A.E. remained a dominant player in 2013, increasing from five to 10 completions, a national total second only to China’s. The U.A.E. has been in the top four nations of this category since 2008 and in the top three since 2010. For the second year in a row, three of the five tallest buildings completed globally this year are in the U.A.E. Dubai and Abu Dhabi continued apace in 2013, each completing five 200-m-plus-tall buildings. Dubai laid claim to the title of both the world’s tallest building completion of 2013, the 355-m-tall JW Marriott Marquis Hotel Dubai Tower 2, as well as the world’s tallest twisting tower with the 307-m-tall Cayan Tower. Abu Dhabi completed The Gate Towers, which was also a finalist in the Middle East category of the Council on Tall Buildings and Urban Habitat’s (CTBUH) Best Tall Buildings awards.

541-m-tall building will have to wait until 2014 to officially enter the ranks of the world’s tallest 10 (likely briefly holding position number three) when completed. The balance of U.S. interest is in the series of super-slim luxury residential towers now cropping up along 57th Street and in Lower Manhattan, New York: here, slenderness ratios, not pure height, are the object of much discussion. Still, it will be several years before many of these “billionaire needles” are completed.

Noted Absences After a burgeoning 2012, Canada seemed to be catching its breath in 2013, registering no completions taller than 200 m in 2013, while having finished four in 2012. A busy but sporadic tall-building market, Australia also failed to complete such buildings in 2013, after churning out three in 2012. Most of Australia’s activity in 2013 was restricted to design proposals and heated discussions about where it is appropriate to build tall, particularly in Melbourne. After completing the world’s secondtallest building in 2012, Saudi Arabia dropped out of completions in 2013 but saw the important milestone of breaking ground on

Continued

Europe Europe completed four tall buildings in excess of 200 m tall in 2013 and increased its total number of supertalls from one to three. In 2013, Europe also had two buildings (The Shard in London and Mercury City Tower in Moscow) in the world’s 10 tallest completions for the first time since 1953, when two of the seven Moscow “sisters” (MV Lomonosov State University and The Ministry of Foreign Affairs) were completed. Among the two supertalls to be completed in Europe last year was The Shard, which is not only the U.K.’s tallest at 306 m, but a world-class victory for developer persistence amidst financial crisis, regulatory scrutiny, and historic-preservation and trafficflow constraints. These plaudits and its aesthetic merits won the building CTBUH’s 2013 Best Tall Building Europe award. The 339-m-tall Mercury City tower put Russia on top of the continent, while the 220-m-tall DC Tower I brought Austria further into the fold of “European Tall.”

The Americas North America’s share of total 200-m-plus-tall completions during 2013 dropped from 6% to 1% of worldwide figures. Panama comprised the totality of tall buildings completed in Central America in 2013, with none completed in South America. Panama’s 267-m-tall Bicsa Financial Tower and 246-m-tall “yoopanama inspired by Starck” were built in Panama City. The expansion of the Panama Canal and the appeal of buying real estate on an urban, tropical seashore continued to attract commercial and residential interest to a country that now has 19 tall buildings taller than 200 m but had none as recently as 2008. In the U.S., heavy construction and a slew of new proposals made 2013 an exciting year in NYC, though only one 200-m-plustall building, the 230-m Marriott Courtyard and Residence Inn Central Park Hotel at 1717 Broadway, was actually completed. The skyscraper world stage briefly returned to the U.S.’ decades-long spat between Chicago and NYC in 2013, as the Council’s Height Committee ruled that the spire of One World Trade Center would count toward its official height (EW, January 2014). However, the

The “yoopanama inspired by Starck” (© Jaime Justiniani) • Issue 2, Volume 7 • elevatorworldindia.com

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Kingdom Tower, the 1-m-tall plan set to be the world’s tallest building when completed in 2019.

Hotel – 4 (5%)

Tall Buildings in 2013: Analysis Of the 73 200-m-plus buildings completed in 2013, the share of pure office buildings continued to decline, from 39% to 34%. Purely residential functions comprised 30% of 2013 completions. Mixed-use buildings ticked up slightly, to 30%, up from 29% in 2012. Four of the completions were hotels, comprising 5% of the total (against 1% in 2012). Concrete remains the building material of choice for tall buildings globally, holding steady at 63% of completions.

A Look to 2014 It’s fair to say that 2013 was a year of recovery and a return to the still relatively “new normal” of year-on-year growth in skyscraper completions. While zero megatall (600-m-plus) and nine supertall buildings were completed in 2013 (against one megatall and nine supertalls in 2012), there was no shortage of activity in planning phases, suggesting that the malaise of the global recession may finally have been shaken off in many regions. In 2014, CTBUH predicts that 65-90 buildings at least 200 m tall or more will be completed. This year will no doubt be an exciting

Residential – 22 (30%)

Office – 25 (34%)

Mixed-use – 22 (30%)

© Council on Tall Buildings and Urban Habitat 2014

A chart of 2013’s completed buildings by function

one and a year of continued growth. Up to 13 of scheduled completions in 2014 will be supertalls, The Gran Torre Santiago (at 300 m) will be South America’s tallest building and first supertall, and twisting towers will continue to enter the vanguard of tall in

Tall Buildings 200 m or Taller Completed Each Year from 1960 to 2015

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2014 (for example, the KKR2 Tower in Kuala Lumpur and the Spine Tower in Istanbul). One World Trade Center in NYC is to stand at its intended symbolic 1,776 feet (541 m), gaining status as North America’s tallest building. A typically curvaceous Zaha Hadid-designed tower, the Wangjing SOHO T1, will be completed in Beijing this year. This building was the subject of piracy rumors early last year when a highly similar tower group, the Meiquan 22nd Century in Chongqing, was revealed. The race is on in earnest to see if the “original” finishes before the “copy.” The Shanghai Tower finished its concrete core in 2013. The 632-m tower, originally set to be completed in 2014, will boast the world’s fastest elevators (ELEVATOR WORLD India, 3rd Quarter 2013), as well as innovative use of double skins and sky lobbies. Its construction has been and will continue to be one of the most closely watched tall-building spectacles. Even if its completion date slips into 2015, as now seems likely, Shanghai Tower will likely be China’s tallest building for at least a while, depending on the progress of rivals Ping An Finance Center (planned for 660 m in height), Wuhan Greenland Center (to be 636 m tall) and, possibly, the 220-story, under-construction Sky City in Changsha, planned to reach 828 m in height upon its 2014 completion (EW India, 3rd Quarter 2013). 

Daniel Safarik is editor of CTBUH. A technical and marketing writer, he was the director of marketing for Brooks + Scarpa Architects from 2008 to 2011 and, for 14 years, has covered technology for such business publications as Waters Magazine, Fast Company, Advanced Trading and Individual Investor. He was a web editor for The Wall Street Journal and contributing writer on several books on industrial processes, and architectural and engineering design. Safarik holds a bachelor’s degree in Journalism from Northwestern University and a master’s degree in Architecture from the University of Oregon Antony Wood has been executive director of CTBUH since 2006. Prior to this, he was CTBUH vice-chairman for Europe and head of Research. Based at the Illinois Institute of Technology, Wood is also a studio associate professor at the College of Architecture at the Illinois Institute of Technology (IIT), where he convenes various tall-building design studios. A U.K. architect by training, his specialty is the design of tall buildings. Prior to joining the Council and IIT, he was an associate professor/lecturer in Architecture at the University of Nottingham in the U.K. from 2001–2006 and was an active member of various research teams. Prior to becoming an academic, he worked as an architect in practice in Hong Kong, Bangkok, Kuala Lumpur, Jakarta and the U.K. from 1991 to 2001.

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Technology

Elevators Tend to “Fall” Upward, Too A new method for protection against uncontrolled ascending car movement

by Yoram Madar

Gravity and Otis We all know that according to the law of gravity, objects tend to fall in the down direction. We also know how to calculate the speed (velocity) of falling objects, the impact force of colliding objects and other behaviors of downward-falling objects, yet most people are not aware that elevators can “fall” upward, too. Gravity and elevators are closely related. In this regard, let us remember the revolutionary solution Elisha Graves Otis presented in 1854. His solution to the problem of a falling elevator involved him instructing his assistant to cut the suspension rope, which caused the activation of the first elevator safety gear. With the successful deployment of the safety gear, Elisha declared “All safe, gentlemen. All safe.” This famous demonstration triggered the beginning of a new

era of high-rise buildings supported by safe, high-speed elevators.

Traction-Drive Characteristics There are several types of elevator drives, and one of the most common elevator drives in use is the traction elevator. This is the type that employs a counterweight to balance the car and load. The friction between the ropes and sheave grooves allows the drive to run the cab without rope slippage. This method is believed to have begun in ancient Egypt. Traction elevators are distinguished from other lifting types in that they allow high-rise building traffic. Indeed, one cannot imagine high-rise buildings with hydraulic elevators as a vertical-transportation solution. Traction elevators allow movement between floors in a fast, safe and cost-effective way. Another distinguishing feature of traction elevators is that, while they can fall down like hydraulic ones, they can also “fall” upward.

Counterweight

Figure 1: Elisha Graves Otis at the Crystal Palace in New York City, standing on the roped hanging platform with which he demonstrated activation of the first elevator safety gear.

Most elevator riders are not aware that when they are riding a traction elevator up, something heavy rides down, and vice versa: when they ride down, the same object rides up and always at the same speed as the moving car. This heavy counterweight is not only intended to save electrical power (as it allows us to make use of a relatively small electric motor to move a heavy elevator load), it also allows a high-speed elevator to run safely. We also know that the counterweight is heavier than the empty car. It is customary to calculate the weight of the counterweight relative to the car weight and the elevator load it Continued

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is designed to carry, in which the weight of the counterweight is equal to the weight of the empty car, plus half the nominal load the cab is designed to carry. Thus, if the cab carries less than half its nominal load, the counterweight is heavier, and the cab tends to move up, while the counterweight moves down. On the other hand, if the load in the car is more than half its duty load, the car tends to move down, and the counterweight moves up.

Brake Every elevator drive is equipped with a braking device. Older elevators were typically provided with drum brakes, while disk brakes are now more common. Disk brakes are being widely used in machine-room-less elevators, because, unlike drum brakes, disk brakes are considered to be maintenance free, which is highly important with braking systems that cannot be readily adjusted while the elevator is running.

Cost Effectiveness In a way, elevators are not cost-effective means of transportation, in the sense that they generally react to every call, regardless of the number of passengers waiting in the lobby. Without destination-selection control (DSC), the elevator car answers a call for one person with the same urgency as it would for 20. Moreover, there is no minimum load for elevators, which is contrary to the fact they all have maximum loads. The technology used in existing elevators does not determine how many passengers board the cab for each ride, and the designated power of the motor has almost constant output, which varies slightly according to the load carried in the car. Modern DSC-enabled systems have the ability to recognize the number of passengers waiting in the lobby with the desire to reach a specific floor; however, this does not prevent the elevator from answering a call for a single passenger with a minimum waiting time. This leads to the conclusion that most of the time (excluding peak time), elevators run with less than half their duty load in the cab, which means that, most of the time, elevator cars tend to “fall” up (rather than down) in the event of a brake or controller failure.

The Problem We have a presumption that elevator car movement depends solely on its driving machine. Though this is true most of the time, sometimes it is false: since we cannot avoid gravity, the relationship between the drive and elevator car depends on the driving-brake, too. As long as the motor is running under a predetermined speed and according to the intended electric signal, everything is fine. However, once the driving signal disappears and the motor loses its electric power, the motor runs free, the elevator is totally dependent on the brake, and gravity comes into effect. The same motor power that moves the car up or down also provides the necessary resistance to the gravitational force that is being exerted on the car. Once motor power is diminished, the braking means comes into effect to decelerate and arrest the car, preventing it from moving. The brake is, however, an electromechanical device that may break down for various reasons. In such a case, the brake will not deploy a friction force on the motor shaft to arrest the drive movement, and it certainly cannot hold the car and its load. In this

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instance, the car is subject to uncontrolled acceleration (either in the up or down direction), accelerating to a high speed and an ultimate impact of the car or counterweight with the buffers or overhead structures. To avoid this situation, every traction elevator is equipped with a backup device in the form of an overspeed governor (OSG) that reacts to excessive or uncontrolled car speed independently of electric power, and a safety gear (SG), which is activated by the OSG and is capable of stopping and holding the car with its load on the guide rails.

SG The SG is actually a car brake intended to clamp and hold the car on its guide rails in the case of uncontrolled or unintended car movement as a result of either excessive speed resulting from suspension failure, machine shaft breakage, machine brake failure or any unintended car movement with open door. The latter two are the most common failures. The majority of existing elevators are equipped with only a downward SG. However, as a result of past experiences of uncontrolled ascending elevators, elevator codes have been changed to include ascending car overspeed protection, as well as unintended-motion protection (with doors open) in either direction. Many manufacturers have developed low-cost bidirectional SGs that can easily be implemented into new installations. These types of SGs are activated by a single OSG designed to trip in both directions. Although such an SG has a limited capacity to carry during its activation, it is considered to be a cost-effective, high-quality, safe solution. Yet, the problem of protecting existing elevators from uncontrolled upward acceleration remains. Replacing an existing unidirectional safety gear with a bidirectional may range from impossible to very complicated and expensive. Even add-on devices to resolve the problem fall into the latter category and are dependent on electric power.

The Solution As mentioned, an additional SG must be employed to provide safe protection for upward movement. Luckily, elevators have simple mechanical structures that allow us to add a new, separate SG for existing elevators. The only problem remaining is how to activate this SG cost effectively. In other words, how can the new SG be activated with the existing OSG, or, how can two separate SGs installed in the same elevator and acting in opposite directions be activated using the existing OSG, independent of electric power? It is a relatively easy task to design an up-direction safety gear to be installed on the car frame incorporating a guide shoe, to replace the existing guide shoe and be installed as a replacement component. Of course, the new SG can be activated by an additional new OSG, but this is an expensive and complicated solution. For that reason, your author devised a new method of using a single OSG to activate two separate SGs that act in opposite directions to each other that are installed on the same elevator car. This will allow the addition of a simple, low-cost SG for upward protection on most existing elevators.


The solution suggested here may serve both as a low-cost add-on SG for existing elevators, and for a problem involving high-speed elevators. Moreover, it can be applied to elevators with heavy loads that cannot make use of small bidirectional SGs with limited allowable capacity. It involves a new method using a single OSG to activate two separate safety gears: one for the upward and the other for the downward direction, installed on the same elevator.

How It Works Currently, a single OSG employs only one SG, either unidirectional or bidirectional. This traditional SG is rigidly connected to the OSG rope, both ends of which are connected to the SG lever arm, which causes the rope to move in conjunction with the car movement on its top and bottom sheaves. Once the top sheave is locked, the rope stops its movement; thus, the lever arm is blocked, and the continuing movement of the car activates the safety gear.

Figure 2: The rigid connection of an SG to the OSG rope

Such a connection cannot be accommodated when it comes to the activation of two SGs with a single OSG. The reason for this limitation can be illustrated by imagining tying a rope to a doorknob that rotates only clockwise, then connecting the same rope (above the knobs) to another doorknob that rotates only counterclockwise. It is clear that whichever doorknob rotates will break the other one, which is why both SGs cannot be rigidly connected to the same OSG rope -- simply because the OSG arm moves in opposite directions.

The downward SG lever normally moves up during SG activation, while the upward SG lever must move down during activation. To overcome this limitation, your author has designed a movable connection of the levers and OSG rope. In this solution, each lever end is designed to include a hollow shape (such as a ring) through which the OSG rope passes, and both ends of the rope are connected between or outside of these two ring areas; thus, the rope is not connected to either lever. In addition, a mechanical stopper is attached onto the rope above the upper and under the lower ring. The stopper’s dimensions are greater than the rings’ diameter; thus, the stopper cannot pass through the ring. During normal operation, car movement creates a minor impact between a stopper and its ring. When it moves up, the upper ring collides with the upper stopper, causing the rope to move up with the car. The same happens when the car moves down: the bottom ring collides with the bottom stopper and moves the rope down, along with the car’s motion. Upon OSG tripping, the rope motion stops, so that when the car moves down, the downward stopper blocks the bottom ring movement, thus forcing the lever arm to move up to engage the guide rail and block car movement. At the same time, the upper lever arm continues its motion along with the car movement with no interference, which increases the distance between the upper ring and its stopper. The same happens when the car moves up: the upper stopper blocks the upper lever arm to force the lever arm to move down to engage the guide rail and block the car. At the same time, the bottom lever arm continues its motion along with the car movement with no interference. Hence, the distance between the bottom ring and its downward stopper increases. In both cases, no harm to the lever arms occurs, and each SG works independently. Usually, the lever arm is equipped with a tension spring to ensure its neutral position to avoid accidental safety-gear activation. The force the spring exerts on the lever arm must be less than the friction between the OSG rope and OSG sheave grooves. Every car movement is sensed by this spring, but since there is no friction during normal operation, the spring motion is negligible. In short, under normal operation, the spring resists the lever arm Continued movement, preventing SG activation.

Figure 3: The three known cases/situations in which the SG may be found: (l-r) idle, tripping up and tripping down.

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For arrangements in which the additional SG is installed at the top of the car frame, it is necessary to evaluate the loads and determine the stresses imposed on the car frame during safety application. The frame may not have been designed to withstand such stresses within the margins of safety required by code. The need for such calculations can be avoided by installing the upper SG at the bottom of the car frame under the downward SG. In this case, the arrangement of the stopper’s position will be changed to be between the SG lever arms (Figure 5). In this case, when the car moves down for tripping, the upper lever arm is blocked by the upper stopper. Located under the lever arm, it forces the arm to move up to engage the guide rail and block car movement. At the same time, the bottom lever arm moves down, increasing its distance from its stopper. The opposite happens when the car moves up for tripping with the bottom lever arm. These arrangements led to your author’s construction of a pair of double-SG arrangements on each car frame (Figure 6). This may be useful to reduce both friction during SG activation in high-speed

Figure 4: In this arrangement, where the upward SG is on top and the downward SG is on bottom, the stopper attached to the OSG rope is outside the lever-arm zone.

Figure 5

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Figure 6: Blocker arrangement for double safety on top and bottom: (top to bottom) upward above downward and downward above upward


elevators and guide-rail damage. Once two separate safety gears are employed at the correct distance apart, friction on the same point is reduced by 50%, thus reducing guide-rail heating during SG activation.

Figure 7: Downward SG at bottom of car frame, in which the lever arm collides with the hollow shape to activate the SG

Hence, with this method, it is possible to activate every possible combination, including a double bidirectional SG constructed of two separate SGs (up and down), which can consist of an upward SG either under or above the downward SG. It can also be employed in a combination of usages (Figure 7).    Yoram Madar currently serves as an engineer for Rolls Elevator, which he founded in 1975. His experience has been concentrated on elevators in existing buildings. In 1983, he designed one of the first microprocessor elevator controllers. In addition, he received a patent for his RCE product for reduced-clearance elevators and the FSSG product for protection against the shortcut of safety circuits. Madar is engaged in the development of other elevator safety patents. He can be contacted at e-mail: rolls102@ gmail.com.

Elevator World India (EWI) magazine can help you reach qualified decision makers who do business in this market. Through using both online and print media, our staff will work with you on a plan targeted to fit your specific needs and budget. Fast Facts: • Quarterly magazine • 7th year of publication • Circulation over 8,000 • Official publication of the IEE Expo • Relevant, timely and accurate news, events, projects and products Media Planner now available: www.elevatorworldindia.com • Issue 2, Volume 7 • elevatorworldindia.com

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Events

2014 Event succeeds in bringing together global industry to share ideas, network. by Mohammad Azrael, Mugdha Joshi and Jaincy Srancis More than 10,000 visitors from India and nearly 30 other countries attended the 5th International Elevator & Escalator (IEE) Expo at Mumbai’s Bombay Exhibition Centre on March 20-22, making the three-day event an excellent platform to present new industry products and ideas. Organized by Virgo Communications & Exhibitions, the expo began with an enormous opening ceremony that included words of appreciation from many in the industry. More than 175 exhibitors representing 15 countries – China, Canada, the Czech Republic, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, Korea, Kuwait, Switzerland, Spain, Turkey, the Netherlands, the U.K. and the U.S. – participated. Attendees were not only from the elevator and escalator industry, but also included developers, infrastructure companies, hospitality-sector companies, Continued architects, consultants and project-management companies.

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Opposite page (top): IEE Expo welcomed attendees from various countries and industries. Opposite page (middle): The registration desk was busy with more than 10,000 visitors. Opposite page (bottom): Guests of honor light the lamp during opening ceremonies. This page (top): The memorial wall

IEE Expo Exhibits

This page: (bottom): A panel of experts discussed cluster development during a roundtable on day one.

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More than 175 exhibitors from 15 countries participated.

IEE Expo 2014 was inaugurated the morning of March 20 by Mr. Sachin Ahir, minister of state for Housing and Industry; Mr. Sunil Prabhu, mayor of Mumbai; and Mr. Vinod Ghosalkar, member of the legislative assembly from Shivsena, India. The inauguration commenced with the lighting of the lamp by the guests of honor. A book, How It Works-Part 2, by Elevatori, was also unveiled, with the Hindi translation having been done by the Elevator & Escalator Safety Trust.

During his inauguration speech, Mr. Ahir stated that the IEE Expo has become a great venue for vertical-transportation stakeholders around the world to come together, share innovations and network. The event welcomed a wide range of exhibitors, including suppliers and component manufacturers. Noteworthy technologies displayed included 2.5-m-wide car doors, double-deck elevator models and extremely high-speed elevators. Exhibitors presented products and projects with the goal of good interaction with suppliers, builders and developers. The exhibition hall was • Issue 2, Volume 7 • elevatorworldindia.com

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abuzz with activity, with visitors queuing up at the registration counter. A multi-cuisine food court and pianist playing melodies on a baby grand piano provided a lighter touch. Technical seminars featuring the latest developments and technologies were another highlight of the expo. A session providing updates on Indian elevator and escalator standards kicked things off. Information about amendments to the standards was represented by Nimish Deshpande and Abhijeet Dandekar, members of the P4 panel of the ET 25 committee working on Indian elevator and escalator standards. This was followed by a presentation by Deenar Patil of Schmersal on the latest European industry developments. The afternoon featured a roundtable discussion on cluster development by Top: Anitha Raghunath, EW India and a panel of experts, Virgo Communications including Mr. Rajendra R. Middle: T. Bruce MacKinnon, Elevator World, Inc. Chaturvedi, chairman and Bottom: Fabio Liberali, Elevatori management director, magazine Shreepati Group; Mr. Jagdish Ahuja, chairman, Ahuja Constructions; Mr. Chandresh D. Mehta, director, Rustomjee Group; Mr. Diipesh Bhagtani, executive director, Jaycee Homes Ltd.; and Mr. Qutub Mandivala, principal, Mandivala Qutub & Associates, which was covered by NDTV Profit, India’s leading business channel. A session on global elevator/escalator markets dominated the first half of day two. Moderated by G. Shankar, the session also included representatives from China, Japan, Italy, Germany and the U.S. who spoke about their countries’ market shares. The second half of the day was centered around a presentation on inverter technologies by Kiuchi-Tadaaki of Fuji Electric, who elaborated on the five different inverter-technology methods used to reduce power consumption. That afternnoon’s presentations included: ♦♦ “EN 81-81, Vandal-Resistant Car and Door Solutions”: Phil Limbach, sales director Asia Pacific of Wittur, proposed solutions for lift doors installed in public-transportion markets.

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Because they are unprotected, such doors and equipment are more vulnerable to vandalism. ♦♦ “Efficient and Safe Elevator Installation Using Anchor Fasteners”: Manek Arora of Hilti explained advanced and efficient methods of fixing fasteners. ♦♦ “Hydraulic Elevators”: Davide Caprioli of Moris explained the methodology for the safe installation of hydraulic elevators. The evening continued with a dinner party for exhibitors. The third day was filled with numerous in-depth presentations. They were: ♦♦ Wilfred Clarence’s “Challenges of Installing Elevators On Site” pointed out different challenges faced during elevator installation due to different factors, such as the pit not being waterproofed and building plans being inaccurate. ♦♦ Marcello Personeni’s “Characteristics of Different Doors as per Application Context” defined such criteria by which to select elevator equipment depending on building type speed, rise, capacity, etc. ♦♦ Faran Javed and Yukio Ishii’s “Latest Technologies in Elevators and Double-Deck Elevators” discussed high-speed and highcapacity elevators installed in Japan and the safety requirements of such elevators. The presentation also addressed double-deck elevator technology for buildings with the same floor heights, as well for buildings with different floor heights. ♦♦ Mohammad Aslam Mukadam’s “Certified Safety Components for Elevators” created awareness about certified safety components and concluded by pointing out that many people will opt for non-certified components simply to boost profit. ♦♦ Anandi Khandekar and TAK Mathews’ concluding presentation, “We Are Like That ONLY,” started off in a lighter vein but conveyed a very serious message about inculcating safe practices in the industry. The ultimate message was, “ACT FAST! It’s time that we did something about it.” A memorial wall was set up in the seminar hall to honor liftindustry veterans who have passed away in recent years. They included Vijay Shintre, I.T. Mansukhani, William C. Sturgeon (Elevator World, Inc. founder), Crasto Don Jude, A. Sankarakrishnan, Quentin (Quent) Bates, George R. Strakosch, Bhaskar W. Khanorkar and Michael David Terry. As the IEE Expo wound to a close, visitors expressed their deep satisfaction with the event. It was covered by TV partner NDTV Profit, and media partners were Elevator World, Inc., and ELEVATOR WORLD India. The expo received approval from the India Trade Promotion Organization and was supported by the Maharashtra Chamber of Housing Industry. The expo was well received by visitors and exhibitors alike. It encouraged new ideas and projects in the global market, and both organizers and industry members look forward to next year’s event with the same enthusiasm and energy they brought to it this year. Virgo has launched IEE Expo 2015 in Dhaka, Banladesh in early February 2015. Mohammad Azrael is assistant manager of Marketing, Communications and Digital Media at Virgo Communications & Exhibitions. Mugdha Joshi and Jaincy Srancis are design consultants at TAK Consulting Pvt. Ltd.


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Readers Platform

Elevator Safety and Accidents A review on the number and causes of Indian elevator accidents and a proposal on what can be done to prevent them by Rajnikant Lad I strongly believe elevators are the safest vertical-transportation system. The safety code and lift rules are strong enough to ensure safe rides for users. Yet, we still face accidents and passenger death. To work toward zero accidental death, we need to study elevator accident records in depth. For this purpose, I have analyzed the accident data available from the only authentic magazine for the Indian elevator industry, ELEVATOR WORLD India. The study results taken from six years’ worth of EW India issues (1st Quarter 2008-1st Quarter 2014) proved to be an eye opener that should interest elevator-industry professionals and elevator users. And, this analysis should lead us to take important safety measures quickly. The reasons for injury/death are categorized as door open, freefall, maintenance and rescue operation. Accidents from escalator and construction lifts are also included Continued

(see graphics). Accident Category

No. of Accidents

No. of Deaths

No. of Injuries

Door safety

20

14

7

Freefall

7

1

35

During maintenance

4

4

0

During rescue operation

4

4

0

Escalator

1

1

0

Construction lift

5

11

3

Total

41

35

45

Details of elevator accidents given in EW India 1st Quarter 2008-1st Quarter 2014

No. of Accidents No. of Deaths No. of Injuries

Door Safety Freefall

Elevator accident analysis

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ELEVATOR WORLD India • 2nd Quarter 2014 •

During maintenance

During rescue Escalator operation

Construction lift

Total


There are basically four factors/situations that lead to serious accidents/death: door safety, freefall, accidents during maintenance and accidents during rescue operation. We will focus on only the elevator accidents here; escalators and construction lifts can be considered separately.

The falling of an elevator also creates panic among passengers. That panic can be passengers’ main danger. The users need to be made aware of the safety system provided in the elevator. This should be a part of our training program for users. Door Safety Elevator doors are not supposed to open when an elevator cabin is not at a landing, and the elevator is not supposed to move if the elevator door is open. But, we face both problems, which lead to accidents. If the elevator is not at a landing and its doors are open, it leads us to conclude the door-lock safety is not working. This further leads us to conclude the safety lock is bypassed. In such cases, this is the responsibility of the elevator service contractor. We need to strengthen our maintenance procedures, checks and cross checks to ensure door safety so these scenarios do not occur.

Freefall In case of an elevator freefall, the overspeed governor is to activate to stop the motor and activate a safety clutch. Even if the overspeed governor is not activated for some reason during overspeed, there is an ultimate safety in the elevator pit in the form of buffers, on which the elevator will rest. Freefall can happen if the control system fails. In such a case, the elevator may travel freely to the buffers. This can also happen if the mechanical brakes fail or the rope loses its grip with the pulley. Failure of mechanical brakes or rope slippage is serious and can happen even if the elevator is at rest and the door is open. This can lead to a very serious accident if it happens when a passenger is exiting or entering an elevator. The brake and rope-gripping systems are highly technical and must be part of routine maintenance checks and must be cross checked by a senior technician. The falling of an elevator also creates panic among passengers. That panic can be passengers’ main danger. The users need to be made aware of the safety system provided in the elevator. This should be a part of our training program for users.

During Maintenance Of course, only trained technicians should carry out the maintenance of elevators. In case they die carrying this out, we know there are sufficient safety provisions in an elevator, so the cause must be lack of training or carelessness on their own parts. Service technicians working on the elevator must have proper training, service tools and safety equipment, such as a harness. Continued

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ELEVATOR WORLD India • 2nd Quarter 2014 •


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They must ensure that all safety provisions are in place before beginning work at the site.

During Rescue Operations Accidental death during a rescue operation clearly shows lack of knowledge/training by those carrying out the rescue operation. This area needs the most attention from the elevator industry. When passengers are trapped in an elevator, the building occupants, maintenance staff, security staff or elevator operators are usually the ones who come forward and carry out rescue operations. But, in the absence of proper training or knowledge of rescue procedures, they are bound to make mistakes that may lead to fatal accidents. When a passenger trapped in an elevator is being removed from the cabin, there is a time when part of his/her body is inside the cabin, and part is out. If the elevator suddenly starts moving at that moment, major injury or death can occur. When an elevator is stuck between floors for a reason not known at the time, it may start working during passenger extraction. This can be easily avoided if the rescue procedure is known and carefully followed. While carrying it out, the first step is to switch off power to the elevator so any possibility of its sudden movement is ruled out. Executing safe rescue procedures demands the frequent training of the users/operators/security staff by the service provider. In fact, I recommend that users’ training become a part of the service agreement and that users demand it from time to time from their service contractor. The detailed study of accidents found here forces the conclusion that training and safety awareness is the prime requirement to achieve accident-free elevator operation.

The elevator consultants can also play a major role in taking up safety audits, training for the technicians and users, and organizing safety-awareness camps. Conclusion The industry needs to administer an intensive and aggressive safety-awareness program for users. Checks and cross checks for safeties must be seriously followed. At the same time, the industry must intensify the in-house training for its technical staff. But, the users and government have to take the lead in monitoring safety checks, training and safety awareness for the users. The elevator consultants can also play a major role in taking up safety audits, training for the technicians and users, and organizing safetyawareness camps.

Rajnikant Lad is the founder of the Elevator Safety Awareness Forum and a Chartered Engineer with Shree Jee Elevators. He may be contacted at email: rkladlift@gmail.com.

• Issue 2, Volume 7 • elevatorworldindia.com

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Marina Square,

“Pearl of the Emirates” Massive Abu Dhabi project comes together thanks to teamwork. by Kaija Wilkinson Toshiba Elevator Middle East (TELME) Managing Director and ELEVATOR WORLD Correspondent Mohamed Iqbal credits teamwork with the successful completion of a 127-unit project for Marina Square, a mixed-use development that is like a city in itself, located on a natural island off the coast of Abu Dhabi. TELME, a subsidiary of Building Systems Corp. of Japan and Toshiba Elevator, was contracted to outfit the various structures in the development, ranging from low rise to 57 stories, with an array of stylish elevators, escalators and moving walks. Completed in phases from 2012 to 2013, the job was delivered on budget and ahead of schedule, Iqbal reports. “The project is definitely a feather in the cap of Toshiba, and its success is due to extensive cooperation between Toshiba Elevator and Building Systems Corp.,” he said. Marina Square takes up 13.2 million sq. ft. of the 68 million sq. ft. that make up Al Reem Island, which is expected to eventually be home to approximately 280,000 residents. It is anticipated there will be schools, hospitals, shopping malls, restaurants, hotels, spas, gardens, a golf course and beaches. With its residences, malls, offices and stores, Marina Square is a big step in that direction, and Toshiba was a big part of it. Iqbal described it as “a massive, milestone project.” It consists of 11 high-rise residential towers, a 34-story office tower, three medium-rise buildings and a shopping mall. The residences and office building have: ♦♦ 64 elevators with a maximum speed of 240 mpm and up to 57 stops ♦♦ 23 machine-room-less (MRL) elevators ♦♦ Eight medium-speed elevators ♦♦ Two escalators

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Project Spotlight

♦♦ Two moving walks In the shopping complex, there are: ♦♦ 18 escalators ♦♦ 10 low-rise elevators Toshiba’s contract was comprehensive. It encompassed design, manufacture, installation and maintenance. At its peak, the project involved a workforce of approximately 8,000-9,000 people, Iqbal said. In order to keep track of the massive task, the team divided the project into five zones: A, B, C, D and E. In Zone A, there is one high-rise residential building, RAK Tower; the 34-story office building, Infinity Tower; and two low-rise residential buildings, Al Khory Towers 1 and 2. RAK Tower has four passenger

elevators with a maximum speed of 240 mpm and one service elevator with a maximum speed of 180 mpm, each making up to 45 stops. Infinity Tower has 10 office elevators with a maximum speed of 240 mpm. It also has one service elevator that serves all floors and has a maximum speed of 180 mpm, and a pair of MRL elevators that serve the office car park. Al Khory Towers has one passenger and one service elevator each, traveling at a maximum speed of 105 mpm. “These buildings overlook the beautiful marina and have an elegant view of Abu Dhabi City from the top floors,” Iqbal notes. Zone B contains two high-rise residential buildings, One Marina and Durah Tower, and seven townhouses. Each of the high-rise residential buildings is outfitted

Above: High-rise residences offer stunning views of the marina. Opposite page: Moving walks in Zone C of Marina Square

Continued

• Issue 2, Volume 7 • elevatorworldindia.com

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Above: Marina Square, a mixed-use development on an island off the coast of Abu Dhabi Right: Toshiba installed an array of elevator types and styles. Bottom right: High-end finishes distinguish Marina Square units.

with four passenger elevators traveling at a maximum speed of 240 mpm. and making 44 stops, and a service elevator that travels at 180 mpm. Each townhouse has an MRL elevator. Zone C has five, high-rise residential buildings (Marina Blue, Marina Heights 1 and 2, Al Maha, and Burooj View Towers), six independent villas and a podium connecting the shopping center to the residences. Throughout the zone, there are 21 highspeed, 240-mpm passenger elevators, five high-speed service elevators that are either 210 or 180 mpm in speed serving up to 57 stops, 13 MRL elevators, two escalators and two moving walks. Zone D has a trio of residential buildings, the 51-story high-rise Ocean Terrace and Tala Towers and the 21-story Bay View Tower. Between them, the high rises have 12 passenger elevators traveling at a maximum speed of 240 m per min. and two service

Marina Square What it is: The first development on Reem Island by Tamouh, which owns approximately 60% of the island Client: Tamouh Investment Architect: GDP Architects of Kuala Lumpur Vertical-transportation contractor: Toshiba Elevator Middle East LLC, a subsidiary of M/S Toshiba Elevator and Building Systems Corporation of Japan

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Above: Installation Manager Mohamed Ibrahim, right, describes the elevator system to Shinichiro Akiba, CEO of Toshiba’s Community Solutions business.

elevators traveling at 180 m per min. Bay View Tower has three passenger elevators with a maximum speed of 150 m per min. and one service elevator with the same maximum speed. Zone E is the shopping center, which has several elevators and 18 escalators. Toshiba reports that careful planning helped minimize installation costs, and that there were no accidents. At the conclusion of the project, TELME received letters of appreciation from both client and contractor, which attested to a job well done, Iqbal said. Client Tamouh, one of three developers building on the island, was so pleased it awarded Toshiba additional work on its 13-building City of Lights project there. Marina Square, said Iqbal, “paved the way for greater Toshiba Elevator presence in the Middle Eastern market.â€?   đ&#x;Œ?

Above: Mohamed Iqbal, right, managing director of Toshiba Elevator Middle East, shakes hands with Tamouh CEO Joe Ong during the handing-over ceremony for Marina Square. Top left: High-end finishes distinguish Marina Square units. Bottom left: The shopping center boasts 18 escalators. • Issue 2, Volume 7 • elevatorworldindia.com

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Market Trends

The Indian Economy: Will It Turn the Corner? Many challenges face the newly elected government, but forecasters see bright spots for growth opportunities.

by Srini Vuruputur

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Causes The reasons for the Indian economy’s slowdown are plenty. Despite a good monsoon and a bumper harvest, the growing fiscal and current account deficit (CAD), the “taper scare” from the U.S. in early autumn of last year (which shook the world markets), supply-side constraints, rising funding costs and a poor global economic environment have impacted investments, thereby stunting growth. G. Kannan, Head (Logistics), Larsen & Toubro Ltd., commented: “The major problems and issues facing the Indian economy [are] rising inflation [and] lack of corporate confidence, resulting in lower capital expenditure into critical infrastructure building (including logistics, distribution and supply chain). India needs expeditious policy reform and structures in place that enable ease of starting/doing business.”

Kannan

When the Indian economy nosedived along with so many other economies in 2008, no one expected it to rebound in less than two years. Proving the critics wrong, the country’s economy recovered rapidly after the Indian government took such bold decisions as stepping up privatization, throwing the Indian multi-brand retail market to foreign investors and so on. But, again, the economy went into a tailspin (a 10-year low) due to “policy paralysis” suffered by the ruling Congress, which could not implement the economic reforms at the desired pace. This happened in fear of voters’ wrath in view of the ensuing elections to the Lok Sabha (Indian Parliament Lower House) in April and May of this year. Furthermore, Congress has turned inward to launch populist measures, such as the National Food Security program, which requires INR230 billion (US$3.84 billion) during 2014-2015 alone; more subsidy on domestic cooking gas; and other steps to woo voters. This further increases the fiscal deficit. After recording a healthy growth rate of more than 8% between 2010 and 2012, the country’s economy slumped to less than 5% in 2013 and is projected to hover around the same digit during 2014-2015. The Indian rupee was devalued by 22% between May and September 2013. But, the Reserve Bank of India took steps to insure the rupee, and it rallied back more than 12% since then.

Looking Ahead As far as U.S. tapering is concerned, Kannan says India has a twin problem of fiscal and CAD: “Developing CADs for extended periods of time. . . is alright. What really matters is on the funding status of that CAD, as long as it is Continued


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ELEVATOR WORLD India • 2nd Quarter 2014 •

that the country’s economy may recover in the post-election period, saying: “While the situation has improved compared to 2013, the economy still has issues to deal with and a long way to go. Also, the general elections and change in government is adding to the uncertainty. Having said that, I would say that Continued

Government Investment to Give a Boost According to V. Gurumoorthy, vice president, Sales and Marketing, ThyssenKrupp Elevator India Pvt. Ltd., the Indian government is investing quite heavily in publictransportation infrastructure projects, such as rail, metros and airports, which will require a large number of elevators and escalators: “Such infrastructure projects are not just limited to the large cities like Mumbai, Delhi and [surrounding] National Capital Region, Bengaluru, and Chennai, but are also extended to Tier-II and -III cities in the country. “Despite the slowdown in the economy in the last two years, the elevator market in India remains one of the fastest growing in the world. Although the growth in the residential segment may have slowed down as a result of higher vacancy rates due to increasing interest rates and financing costs, we feel that continuing urbanization throughout the country will ensure positive growth in the elevator market for many years to come. We are optimistic that there is still a lot of growth opportunity for elevator and escalator manufacturers and service providers in India in the coming decades.” Gurumoorthy

interim budget in February, said the economy was picking up, stressing that the economy was more stable than what it was two years ago, as he explained, “Efforts must be to ensure that this upturn remains an upturn. . . toward our goal of 6% in 2014-2015. It’s doable.” Chidambaram may take solace from the figures provided by the bureaucracy, but the threat of a failed monsoon, due to a possible El Niño effect, resulting in scanty rainfall and perpetual drought, can mar the chances of India’s fight to come out of the decade-low economic growth. The only ray of hope for India is that the global economy is projected to grow at a pace of 3% in 2014 and 3.3% in 2015, compared to an estimated growth of 2.1% in 2013. With the U.S. economy also poised to recover, optimism prevails among the country’s rulers. Deb is not “highly optimistic” about Chidambaram’s budget and feels it is not an instrument for propelling economic growth. He believes budgetary measures, at best, can only be effective in tandem with administrative, economic, trade and sector reforms. Dr. G. Shashi Panikar, president of the Indian Economics Club in Mumbai, had this to say on the issue: “The rising fiscal deficit has been a major concern facing the Indian economy. It has increased debt ratios of the government and has contributed to inflation. Various populist government schemes and subsidies have also contributed to fiscal deficit. Also, growth in the economy has mainly been led by the services sector. We need to see higher growth rates in manufacturing; declining competitiveness in the manufacturing sector is another area of concern. Policy inaction and delays by the government [have] also contributed to the slowdown. Obviously, corruption is also a major issue, and leaks within the system need to be plugged.” However, Panikar feels there is light at the end of the tunnel and expresses hope Panikar

Deb

funded through long-term foreign direct investment (FDI) or short-term portfolio flows. Over the past few years, [a] loose monetary policy by the U.S. Federal Reserve supported fund flows into emerging markets, including India, that helped fund our CADs. Now, as the Fed tapers, we see rising real rates across these markets. In this context, India will have to find alternate sources of funding, including FDI.” Though Kannan says the country’s gross domestic product (GDP) growth has troughed and is not out of the woods yet (as inflation remains at elevated levels and a tight monetary policy was likely to adversely affect the growth), a stable currency, along with a stable CAD and fiscal consolidation, would support the macroeconomic fundamentals and boost the investment environment. This is key for pickups in growth. Mobius Strip Capital Advisors founder and head Indranil Deb says agriculture was not growing fast enough, and the share of the manufacturing sector, as part of overall GDP, was shrinking. He feels there is a need to increase the share of exports of farm and manufactured products. According to the UN World Economic Situation and Prospects 2014 (WESP) report, India’s economy is projected to grow at a slower-than-expected rate of 5.3% this year, but a mild recovery in investment, as well as stronger export growth, can help in the gradual increase of GDP. The report further said the country’s slowdown may have bottomed out and cited weak household consumption and sluggish environment as some of the reasons for the slow growth. Full-year growth decelerated to 4.8% in 2013, from 5.1% in the calendar year 2012, the report said, adding, “While India’s slowdown may have bottomed out, the recovery is likely to be slower than previously expected. Economic activity is forecast to expand by 5.3% in 2014 and 5.7% in 2015.” Indian Finance Minister Palaniappan Chidambaram, while presenting the


‘turbulent’ is a very strong word, and there has been a slow-yet-promising revival of the economy. In fact, ratings agencies like Moody’s and India Ratings and Research have a slightly more optimistic view, with growth projections of around 5.6%.” Like him, several experts, including India Inc., are looking at the next government, which will be in place on June 1, to pull the economy out of woods, but it will take more than a new

government to undo the damage, as the country needs broad reforms and institutional change to address fundamental flaws in its economic system. It is not that Chidambaram sat quietly watching the country slide for the last two years. He initiated measures like restricting gold imports to contain CAD. This was around US$88 billion during 2012-2013 but dropped below US$40 billion three weeks before the end of financial year, on March 31, 2014.

Chidambaram also announced that the fiscal deficit would be 4.6% by the end of the next financial year, which Panikar said is “very ambitious.” Panikar continued on the topic of that figure: “This [Chidambaram] has done with an expectation of inflows from dividends and profits of INR881.88 billion (US$14.71 billion) from the public sector alone, auction in the telecom sector and collection of taxes by the end of the financial year. The INR797.9-billion Continued

On a High Pedestal

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Madras Consultancy Group (MCG) President Shanker Gopalkrishnan says the Indian elevator industry has weathered the economic downturn reasonably well. In fact, the order book reached a new high of 54,000 units in 2013 (MCG estimate). Gopalkrishnan added: “The industry has maintained its momentum with vertical growth in major urban agglomerates, strong trends in Tier -I and -II cities and modernization of old elevators. Though the absorption of new residential and commercial construction has slowed down, the sector has not yet cut back correspondingly on new construction. Real-estate prices are back at high levels in most cities. The larger players in the elevator industry are exuding optimism and have few facilities or expansion plans on the anvil.” On the contrary, the escalator market in India is limited and was pegged at about 1,500-1,600 units in 2012. The commercial segment, particularly office and mall space, has remained flat and shown signs of slowdown in the recent past. However, new office space, malls, hospitals, hotels and residential projects will be back on track once the credit rates and inflation soften. In major cities, horizontal growth is limited, and municipal corporations are finding favor in the construction of high rises, augmenting the elevator and escalator market, Gopalkrishnan says. Regarding the industry’s prospects, Gopalkrishnan says the liberalization process was set in motion in 1991, and it got a further fillip in 2004, leading to an 8-9% annual expansion rate of the economy. He concludes: “The Indian economy’s slowdown in the last two years is a clear reflection of the global economic conditions. Going forward, the Indian economy can be expected to perform much better in the coming 3-5 years. The building and construction sector will be the first to reflect the higher growth, and we at MCG forecast the demand for elevators to increase in the range of 14-15% per annum, in the medium term.” Gopalkrishnan

Despite a slowing of growth in the Indian economy over the last few years, the country’s real-estate market has been riding high. Real-estate projects in India touched US$100 billion in 2010, a figure expected to exceed US$250 billion in 2020. The factors driving the country’s real-estate growth are said to be high disposable incomes, a young workforce and a large base of middle-class households. In tandem with the real-estate growth, the elevator and escalator industry in India has been on the upswing, due to rapid urbanization caused by the construction of new multistory commercial complexes and residential buildings. Infrastructure projects in the 12th Five Year Plan (2012-2017) (FYP) like seaports, airports, shopping malls and metro rail segments are seen as primary potential demand generators for escalators in the country. According to industry estimates, the sales of elevators and escalators were around 54,000 units last year, compared to a modest 1,500 units in 2012. The strong growth is attributed to the spurt in real-estate development, which accounted for more than 50% of the units. According to a study conducted by Frost & Sullivan, high-rise apartments are being touted as a panacea for rapidly overcrowding cities, and the elevator market is expected to grow at 15-17% in the next 5-7 years. The study also says that though the Indian government had approved the 12th FYP to achieve an annual average gross domestic product growth of 8.2%, that figure was later downgraded to 5%. The study points out: “Even though the percentage of investment in transport infrastructure is [the] same as in the 11th FYP, the value of funding allocated for the same has more than doubled in the 12th FYP. Development of monorail, light rail, metro rail; modernization of existing airports and railway stations; and construction of new airports [are] expected to gain pace in the 12th FYP. This also [heralds] good news for the elevators and escalators market, which would have widespread applications in these projects.”


(US$13.31-billion) cut in plan expenditure announced by the Indian Finance Minister will contribute to some extent in reducing the deficit but could adversely impact growth rates.

with the logistics sector. I hope that the next government that comes to power will deliver on this agenda.” According to Kannan, the industry and country are looking for the new

The only ray of hope for India is that the global economy is projected to grow at a pace of 3% in 2014 and 3.3% in 2015, compared to an estimated growth of 2.1% in 2013. With the U.S. economy also poised to recover, optimism prevails among the country’s rulers. “However, I feel it would take time to control the fiscal deficit; higher interest payments, debt servicing and a huge food bill subsidy, along with large expenditures during an election year, might make it difficult to reach even a GDP growth rate of 5%. Whether the reductions in excise duty on capital goods, consumer nondurables and cars and two-wheelers will spur growth, we will have to wait and watch.” Kannan is also of the opinion that Chidambaram has identified some of the key issues that need to be addressed in order for India to become the world’s third-largest economy by 2043, from its present #11 ranking. He expounded: “These issues include price stability and growth, infrastructure building, reforms, subsidy reduction, and urbanization. In particular, I look forward to developments and execution in infrastructure and urbanizationrelated projects, which deal specifically

government to be fiscally responsible and socially progressive. This would put it in a position to pursue the agenda and desired wish list. “The government should lower tax and simplify tax laws; introduce a pan-India goods-and-services tax that is seamless and with no retrospective changes; end wasteful government expenditure; allocate resources in a transparent way; bring black money back into the country; create jobs in the private sector; encourage privatization; disinvest as far as possible; promote foreign direct investment; streamline land acquisition; and promote micro, small and medium[sized] enterprises to a large extent.” On whether the government was prudent in launching the food-security program at a time of grave economic crisis, Kannan, while pointing out that India’s fiscal deficit stood at 4.6% of GDP in the last fiscal year, said:

“Fiscal consolidation is very important, in my view, as any deficit has to be funded through additional government borrowing, and that reduces funds available to the private sector, choking critical investment. “Food subsidies [comprise] only one piece in this jigsaw [puzzle]; there are many others, including fuel subsidies. Both plan and non-plan spending need to be carefully analyzed. At the same time, we should make sure that spending [in] certain areas like infrastructure building is not cut, as that could affect growth over the long term. The other side of the equation is revenues, where, again, the government has multiple levers, including tax, divestment of public-sector undertakings, etc.” Panikar said that, while the finance minister did emphasize the importance of subsidy reforms and better targeting of subsidies, the food-security program would make it even more difficult to contain the fiscal deficit and is definitely going to add to the fiscal burden. The challenges with the Food Security Bill are going to be “targeting” the right beneficiaries and lack of adequate infrastructure to implement the act, he added. Deb responded: “The fiscal deficit may overshoot the target for many reasons, not just the expenditure expected on account of the Food Security [Bill]. Non-plan expenditure and cost of running the government are only a couple of broad heads that I suspect will require further study.”    Srini Vuruputur is a senior journalist based in India and has worked for reputed Englishlanguage dailies in Oman and Bahrain.

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Project Spotlight

Airportthe on Rise by Kaija Wilkinson

The vast size and ambitious design of Terminal 2 (T2) at Chhatrapati Shivaji International Airport (CSIA) in Mumbai presented many challenges to those who outfitted it with elevators, escalators and moving walks.

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First, they had to determine which types of equipment best met a diverse set of needs. Then, the units had to be seamlessly incorporated into the 4.7-million-sq.-ft., elaborately designed facility. Ultimately, 161 units – 73 elevators, 47 escalators and 41 moving walks – were installed, including India’s largest airport escalator, 11.6 m in rise, for the sixth to 10th levels of T2’s car park. There are also long moving walks and escalators to not only hasten movement, but also to carry guests past Indian artwork and displays in the terminal, inaugurated in January and opened to the public in February. KONE, Schindler and ThyssenKrupp Elevator were among the

major players involved. KONE supplied 15 MonoSpace® elevators, eight escalators and four InnoTrack™ moving walks, described in Construction Week as the “world’s flattest autowalk technology,” and, KONE reports, the first pitless autowalk in Asia. Schindler supplied 113 units. ThyssenKrupp Elevator supplied 21 pieces of equipment, including 11 moving walks (the longest being 53.5 m), three escalators, six elevators and one freight elevator. Transformations at CSIA began in 2006 as the result of its privatization and subsequent handover from the Airports Authority of India to a newly formed public/private partnership, GVK Airports


Opposite page: Some of the 946 custom-designed, handcrafted lotus chandeliers are seen in a T2 departure lounge. Top left: A moving walk in the arrivals corridor Top right: Moving walks, escalators and elevators blend seamlessly into the design. Image courtesy of SOM; photographer, Robert Polidori/© Mumbai International Airport Pvt. Ltd. Left: Artwork and murals reflect elements of Indian culture, such as Bollywood.

Holdings Pvt. Ltd., which resolved to expand capacity and make the airport a showcase for Indian culture. Improvements began with the refurbishment of three existing terminals in 2007, 2009 and 2010, and upgrading infrastructure such as runways and taxiways. For the new T2, New York City-based Skidmore Owings & Merrill (SOM) created a design that reflects Indian cultural history and spirit. Incorporating organic lines and materials such as wood, it represents a marked departure from typical airport design. GVK notes that SOM “worked to bring alive [our] vision that if a person is blindfolded and brought inside the terminal

[then unblindfolded], he should immediately know that he is in India.” The design was inspired by India’s national bird, the white peacock, and has unique touches, such as 946 customdesigned, handcrafted lotus chandeliers and lots of natural light via the largest skylights in Asia. An art display stretches 3 km, features 100 artists and represents the largest public art program in India, “Jaya He.” Essentially, T2 contains a full art museum with more than 700 pieces, some dating back centuries. Some of the 22 9500 moving walkways provided by Schindler India Pvt. Ltd. carry passengers past the

displays. In all, Schindler India units included: ♦♦ 52 passenger and freight elevators with capacities ranging from 1600-4000 kg and speeds of 0.8-1 mps ♦♦ Two 5400 machine-room-less (MRL) traction elevators, with capacities of 800 and 1600 kg and speed of 1.75 mps, in the new air traffic control tower ♦♦ 37 9300 AE escalators For its size, CSIA carries a heavy load – one that is forecast to grow along with Mumbai. T2 and its 161 conveyances will help the facility handle the growing workload. According to GVK, CSIA handles approximately 19% of India’s Continued

• Issue 2, Volume 7 • elevatorworldindia.com

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Top: T2’s interior boasts a multitude of native plants and trees. Bottom left: The interior has a warm, welcoming feel, a departure from traditional airport design. Image courtesy of SOM/© Crystal CG Bottom right: Check-in islands

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ELEVATOR WORLD India • 2nd Quarter 2014 •

air-passenger traffic and 29% of its cargo. The airport recently handled an annual average of 30.21 million passengers and 0.6 million tons of cargo. By 2026, that is expected to reach 80 million and 2 million, respectively. As passengers and cargo increase, better and more-efficient vertical transportation becomes more of a necessity. “Our goal was to define a series of models that could be applied throughout the project to enhance efficiency and speed,” Rick Sayah, vice president of Van Deusen & Associates, project consultant, said. He described the challenges: “There were probably over a half dozen types of user needs. For example,

you have people coming in the front door with all their luggage who need very large elevators, then you need smaller elevators past check-in that are purely for accessibility, and you also have some specialized needs like façade-access systems that allow cleaning of tall windows, and large freight elevators that can bring in Ferraris and other fancy sports cars that are displayed in the airport’s expansive mall area.” T2 is a low-rise building, standing four stories. Because of that, Sayah said, one might think it could largely be outfitted with MRL units. That wasn’t necessarily the case, however. “What we find is that


Top left: Some of the artwork in the airport’s massive display dates back centuries. Top right: GVK inaugurated CSIA T2 in January 2014. Left: T2 baggage carousels Above: The terminal is filled with natural light.

MRL [units’] capacity tops out at 3500 lb., which isn’t enough to fulfill the capacity needs of the airport, especially at the front end,� he observed. “An 8000-lb. elevator is required, so at that point, we go back to basic traction units.� Throughout the airport, some gates are more escalator oriented, while others are more moving-walkway or ramp oriented. Two gates typically flow into one escalator or moving walkway. The advent of the Airbus A380 dual-level-loading aircraft, the world’s largest passenger plane, dictated some of the transportation needs, he said. At gates serving the A380, arrivals and departures needed to be physically

separated for both security and efficiency, which called for additional elevators. Another major challenge, Sayah said, was making sure safety features were top notch. Projects of T2’s magnitude are rare in India, he noted. “When you pair that with a culture where the building codes are sometimes antiquated, that complicates things even further, so you have to come up with more engineering solutions to keep people safe,� Sayah said. For example, one wouldn’t necessarily want an elevator going all the way down to a flight deck, even though code technically allows it, because people could egress out onto active runways. “You’ve got to be very

conscious of the spirit of the code, rather than the letter of the code,â€? he said. All involved with the project believe the vertical-transportation system blends seamlessly into SOM’s design, and, in fact, enhances its elegance. Antony Parokaran, CEO of Schindler India, stated, “T2 is not just an airport, but an ‘architectural feat,’ and Schindler is proud to be associated with such a prestigious project.â€? Neeraj Sharma, managing director of KONE India, praised the cooperation among all the parties, calling T2 “another milestone project in the history of KONE.â€?   đ&#x;Œ?

• Issue 2, Volume 7 • elevatorworldindia.com

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Product Spotlight

Safety, Machine and Window Systems â?Ž New Elevator Window System

LiftEye from LiftEye Ltd. is a virtual elevator window system, recently made commercially available to architects and wholesale buyers. Its functionality has been compared to “computer vision� designed to deliver a realistic sense of place and time. The system fits up to three high-definition LCD widescreen monitors in a column on an elevator cabin wall. Fixed cameras installed outside the building are intended to “transform� the cabin into a real-time viewing platform for an altered view of what they may see looking out of a panoramic cab. The spectator’s point of view corresponds with the actual current car height. Besides reflecting the outside environment, LiftEye can function as a basis for various entertainment services, such as streaming information to further enhance guests’ experience. The system is available for both new and existing elevator installation, regardless of model. Video recording is excluded, by which the company means to eliminate privacyviolation concerns. lifteye.com

â?Ž Upgraded Traction Machine

GETM 3.0R PMS is an upgraded traction machine by Xizi Forward for a velocity range up to 1.75 mps and a load range up to 1000 kg for both MR and MRL installations with enhanced reliability and new features including intelligent temperature control, twin cooling fans to optimize working conditions of the motor, automatically processed stator formation and automatically processed motor windings. GETM 3.0R, equipped with the newly developed noiseless brakes, combines refined materials with state-of-the-art processing technology, including the automatic wire-winding by machine for higher insulation performance. Additional twin cooling fans start to reduce the motor’s heat accumulation at a preset temperature in order to increase the reliability and worklife cycle of the motor. A service button enables field technicians to inspect or replace the fans easily. www.xizielevator.com

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ELEVATOR WORLD India • 2nd Quarter 2014 •

Safety Products to Be Launched at WEEE

â?Ž

A variety of solutions are coming onto the market.

Avire is launching two products at the World Elevator & Escalator Expo (WEEE) 2014, to take place on May 16-19 in Guangzhou, China. Memco’s C100 emergency telephone can be surface or flush mounted, or installed behind the car-operating panel. The surface-mounted version features integrated emergency lighting, a customizable text plate and pictograms that remain hidden until backlit. It can also be programmed at the touch of a button. The Optical Slot Sensor from TL Jones provides accurate elevator leveling to millimeter precision and is designed to ensure the safety of passengers as they enter and exit the elevator. It has exceptional resistance to dirt and debris thanks to its robust, fully sealed IP65rated enclosure. It is marketed as having high light immunity, high repeatability and suitability for new or existing installations. www.avire-global.com    đ&#x;Œ?


www.ina-liftelevator.com in-conjunction with

INDONESIA

INTELLIGENT

INDONESIA

BUILDING Automation expo

HVACR & Energy Efficiency

expo

Indonesia International Intelligent Building, Technology & Automation expo

expo

Indonesia Refrigeration, Heating, Ventilation, Air-Conditioning and Energy Efficiency Expo

INDONESIA

GLASS EXPO

International Trade Fair Window | Facade and Door Technologies - Components | Prefabricated Units

Organized by

Co-Hosted by

wp itra PT. WAHYU PROMO CITRA

In association with

Asosiasi Pabrikan Modul Surya Indonesia

INDONESIAN SOLAR MODULE PRODUCERS ASSOCIATION ASOSIASI PRODUSEN DAN PEMBORONG LIFT-ESCALATOR INDONESIA

Indonesian Association of Manufacturer and Contractor For Elevator And Escalator

INDONESIA FLAT & SAFETY GLASS ASSOCIATION


Technology

Rope Application, Installation and Maintenance The challenge of maintaining elevator ropes is best met by a step-by-step process. by Kevin Heling The performance (life or service time) of elevator ropes is a very significant maintenance concern for elevator-maintenance companies, industry consultants and building/property owners alike. In terms of maintenance costs, this issue is one of the largest single costs for the elevator industry today. In terms of interruption of service, it causes extended loss of individual elevator service. Waiting for replacement ropes and completing the installation takes at least several days and can extend to many weeks. We can consider this problem with the acronym “AIM”: looking at the application (or overall system), then the installation and related maintenance of the hoisting system of a traction elevator.

Application The first step is the most involved and complex. To keep this topic simple, note that

much has already been written, reviewed and published in ELEVATOR WORLD India and many other places in the industry. The first and most important point to make is that the decline of rope is not a problem with the ropes being supplied to the elevator industry; it is a system problem, and, ultimately, the solution must be a systematic one. Two fundamental parts make up the foundation of the issue. The first is that the industry is using smaller drive motors and sheaves. When you look around (particularly at installed elevators where the performance problem is obvious), you see many installed systems that now use the code-allowed minimum D:d of 40:1, where the diameter of the drive sheave is 40 times the diameter of the hoist rope. This fact and trend leads to the second fundamental application aspect: smaller drive sheaves mean less sheave-to-rope contact area, Continued

Aggressive groove profiles put a lot of pressure on ropes – more than sisal-core ropes can handle.

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ELEVATOR WORLD India • 2nd Quarter 2014 •


Negative effects such as undercut dynamically add to an already difficult situation, further underscoring the importance of “perfect” installation. Unfortunately, ropes are often twisted or not equalized.

and that requires aggressive drive-sheavegroove profiles in order to achieve the needed level of traction. Large undercuts or V grooves have a huge impact on the work (pressure) and performance of the rope system. Reliable research and mathematical calculation methods made by such industry experts as Dr. Klaus Feyrer have demonstrated that the largest undercut or steepest V-groove profile, alone, will reduce expected rope life by more than 90%. Aggressive profiles increase groove pressure, which increases the abrasive wear and work on the ropes. Add to this the fact that many systems, for various system-application- and installationrelated reasons, now also include double wraps, 2:1 suspension or more, and diverting sheaves. Also note that reversebend designs have a large impact on their own. Each of these factors alone (but even more so in combination) increases the number of rope bends or increases the normal operating speed of the rope, which then dramatically decreases the service time of the rope. For an example of the technical factors detailing these effects, see

the research by Feyrer during his years at the University of Stuttgart or research by wire-rope manufacturers (EW India, 1st Quarter 2012). Relative to the hoisting-system differences that are common today (compared to common systems of 20-30 years ago), rope-life calculation methods are very revealing and point to the foundation of the issue. Comparative analyses have been made using the Feyrer calculation method. Legacy or vintage systems are easily found where the calculation shows that the installed rope in those older designs have effective rope-life expectancy of at least 20 years – even 40 or more years, in some cases. However, caution should be taken to avoid assumptions about life in terms of calendar time; it is best to think in terms of elevator run cycles (or numbers of rope bends) and avoid the misleading reference of time in years. The referenced calculation methods and comparisons use the run-cycle/ rope-bend units. Rope-life calculations like the Feyrer method take a broad range of factors that statistically estimate rope life into account.

An interesting parallel to this relates to wear in general and unequal wear of sheave grooves, which are real and observable factors in system performance. System wear (especially sheave-groove wear, among other things) can create a demanding design (the undercut effect, which, in turn, creates groove pressure on the rope), both on its own and on top of other negative impacts on the system. Today’s hoisting systems using the same calculation methods as those used for older systems can have effective rope-life expectancy of approximately two years. This is significantly less than that of vintage systems. The industry must understand that this issue is mainly about the application and design of the suspension system — not about the quality of the rope being used. There are better rope designs available that are more resilient. They include multiple-layer ropes (mixed cores, independent wire-rope cores [IWRCs] and full steel) and nine-strand ropes replacing the old, standard 8-X-19 sisal-core ropes. The latter are not up to the basic design demands of new elevator systems. Better and more-resiliently designed ropes are able to deliver more than double the rope-life performance. Nine-strand ropes with a mixed core (which are more flexible) will yield the best results, as opposed to nine-strand, full-steel IWRC ropes. These ropes will also help overcome or cancel out other system and wear impacts.

Installation and Maintenance When installation and maintenance are done poorly (or, worse, done incorrectly), the compounding negative effect on rope life (already expected to be short) is unavoidably dramatic. Consider compounding negative impacts on a two-year expected rope life and add the statistical reality of higher usage (either in terms of more trips or higher loading, or both). With all of the possible system impacts, other than the mentioned rope, one should not be surprised to find installations now needing their ropes replaced in very short times – sometimes in as short as six months.

Conclusion Ropes designed for higher performance (like the one on the right) are necessary for extended rope life.

There are two main practices related to installation and maintenance: initial Continued

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ELEVATOR WORLD India • 2nd Quarter 2014 •


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correct installation of each rope in a set, then achieving and assuring an equal load is set and kept on each rope. Elevator ropes are installed by fastening the rope with shackles at each end during installation. This fact is extremely significant: if a rope is twisted or torqued during installation, that rope will experience additional stress during use.

Rope twisting/torquing

Depending on the amount of twist or torque, the performance (life) of that rope can easily be reduced by at least half. The only way to avoid this problem is to ensure every rope installed is done so without any compromising torsion. Use only ropes with a painted reference line (sometimes called an “i-line”) to ensure correct installation. Immediately after installation, a simple diagnostic verification is to observe turns of the painted line at the drive sheave as the elevator runs. There will be extra torsion on a rope with too many turns. Finally, there is the installation and maintenance issue known as “equal rope load.” Variation in load will have much the same impact on rope performance as torsion. This is also a safety issue, as some codes now require tension on all ropes to be within 10% of their proportional individual loading. We have systems that put the highest demands on the hoist ropes from the beginning. The industry is

becoming aware that any installation and maintenance done incorrectly are big negatives working against an already low potential. There is much for the industry to know and understand about elevator hoisting-system performance. The major issues and impacts discussed in this article should have given its readers the first and important facts they need to take “AIM” at the problem.   

Kevin Heling is in the Sales & Business Development department of Wurtec. He has more than 28 years of experience in the elevator industry, including as general manager of a rope manufacturer and broad experience with an electrical-cable manufacturer.

Elevator World India Marketplace

• Issue 2, Volume 7 • elevatorworldindia.com

93


Elevator World India Marketplace ics

Tech Electron

Plot no 11 R. N. 1136 Bharat Nagar, Bandra Kurla Complex, Bandra (East), Mumbai - 400 051 Mobile No : +91 9969424711 / 9322818148 Email : techelectronics99@gmail.com info@techelectronics.in Website : www.techelectronics.in

Prathmesh Talekar Works Manager 91-9221314013 91-9167094841

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ELEVATOR WORLD India • 2nd Quarter 2014 •

Manufacturing By TFT LCD ,DOT MATRIX DISPLAY, CONTROL PANEL & ELEVATOR SPARE PARTS www.techelectronics.in


ELEVATOR WORLD India Source Directory This section serves as a resource for the industry and consists of current Elevator World India advertisers and their website addresses. For detailed information

on each company, please visit www.elevatorworld.com/directory. Contact Anitha Raghunath at anitha@virgopublications.com or TBruce MacKinnon at tbruce@elevatorworld.com for more information.

ADCO Controls

Web Site: www.adcocontrols.com

AFAG MESSEN UND AUSSTELLUNGEN GMBH Web Site: www.interlift.de

GMV India – Component Manufacturing and Trading Pvt. Ltd. Web Site: www.gmv.it

Hephzi Elevators International Co. Pvt. Ltd. Web Site: www.hephzi.com

Altenmo Technologies Pvt. Ltd Web Site: www.altenmo.com

HITACHI LIFT INDIA PVT. LTD. Web Site: www.hitachi-lift.co.in

BHARAT BIJLEE LIMITED

Web Site: www.bharatbijlee.com

Hydro-Pneumatic Techniks

BHARAT ENGINEERING WORKS

INDITECH SYSTEMS

Web Site: www.bharathengineering.com

BLAIN HYDRAULICS GMBH Web Site: www.blain.de

Web Site: www.hipot.in

Web Site: www.inditechsystems.com

indonesia lift & Escalator expo Web Site: www.ina-liftelevator.com

CANNY ELEVATOR CO., LTD.

Inova Automation Pvt Ltd

Web Site: www.canny-elevator.com

Web Site: www.szmctc.com/en

City Lifts (India) Ltd.

INVT Electric India Private Limited

Web Site: www.citylifts.com

Web Site: www.invt.in

EASTERN HEMISPHERE ENGINEERING PVT. LTD.

jade elevator components

Web Site: www.easternhemisphere.in

ELECON ENGG. CO. LTD.

Web Site: www.elecon.com

Eletech Industries

E-Mail: eletechindustries@vsnl.net

Web Site: www.jadeec.in

JAYASHREE ENCODERS Web Site: www.jencoder.com

JOHNSON LIFTS PVT. LTD.

E-Mail: info@eest.in

ELEVATOR WORLD, INC.

Web Site: www.elevatorworld.com

ESCON ELEVATORS PVT. LTD.

Web Site: www.esconelevators.com

ESQUIRE ENGINEERING CO.

Web Site: www.esquireelevatorparts.net

EXCELLA Electronics

Web Site: www.excellaelectronics.com

Jupiter KINETEK Web Site: www.kinetekinc.com

Langfang Conference and ExhibitIon Co., Ltd. Web Site: www.elevator-expo.com

LARSEN & TOUBRO Web Site: www.larsentoubro.com

Laxmi Mech. & Eng. Company Web Site: www.laxmimeco.com

LIFTINSTITUUT Web Site: www.liftinstituut.com

FORMULA SYSTEMS LTD.

Web Site: www.formula-systems.com

LM LIFTMATERIAL GMBH

GIOVENZANA INTERNATIONAL B.V.

M.A.N Industries

Web Site: www.giovenzana.com

b.) Unguarded winch c.) Unserviceable wood being used dangerously as a platform d.) All the above

Web Site: www.johnsonliftsltd.com

Web Site: www.jupitergroup.co.in

ELEVATOR & ESCALATOR SAFETY TRUST

a.) Open pit (no barricades)

Visit

elevatorjobsitesafety.com

to find out if you are right. You can also view all past and current contests.

What’s Wrong With This Picture? Contest:

In the interest of promoting jobsite safety, every two weeks EW will post a photo on the Elevator Industry Jobsite Safety website that illustrates unsafe working conditions or habits. Correctly identify the safety errors and you could win a special prize!

Web Site: www.lm-liftmaterial.de

Web Site: www.drivesautomation.com

• Issue 2, Volume 7 • elevatorworldindia.com

95


MADE EVENTI SRL

Oleo International

Web Site: www.oleo.co.uk

Suzhou Great Elevator Co., Ltd.

Web Site: www.madeexpo.it

MARK ELEKTRIKS

OTIS Elevator Company [India] Limited

TAK CONSULTING PVT. LTD.

Web Site: www.markelektriks.com

MATRIX ENGINEERING

Web Site: www.otis.com

PHYSICAL MEASUREMENT TECHNOLOGIES

Web Site: www.esquireelevatorparts.net

Web Site: www.pmtvib.com

MAYR ANTRIEBTECHNIK

SafeLine Group

Web Site: www.mayr.de

MITSUBISHI ELEVATOR ETA INDIA PVT. LTD. Web Site: www.mitsubishielevator.in

Monitor S.p.A

Web Site: www.monitorelevator.it

MONTANARI LIFTS COMPONENTS PVT. LTD. Web Site: www.montanari-giulio.com

Monteferro S.p.A.

Web Site: www.monteferro.it

MORIS ITALIA S.R.L.

Web Site: www.moris.it

NBSL Elevator Components Co. Ltd. Web Site: www.nbsldt.com

Neptune Marketing

Web Site: www.neptunemarketing.in

Web Site: www.safeline-india.com

Web Site: www.greatelevator.com

Web Site: www.takconsulting.net

TARGI KIELCE S.A.

Web Site: www.euro-lift.targikielce.pl

TECHNÍSCHE AKADEMÍE HEÍLBRONN E.V

Web Site: www.hs-heilbronn.de/TAH/EnglishTAH

SCHINDLER INDIA PVT. LTD. Web Site: www.schindler.com

Tecno doors PVt. ltd.

Web Site: www.fermator.com

SCHMERSAL INDIA PVT. LTD. Web Site: www.schmersal.in

Sematic Elevator Products India Pvt Ltd Web Site: www.sematic.com

SHANGHAI BST ELECTRIC CO., LTD Web Site: www.shbst.com

TORIN DRIVE INDIA

Web Site: www.torindriveintl.com

Toshiba Johnson Elevators India Pvt. Ltd. Web Site: www.toshiba-tei.com

SHARP ENGINEERS

VIRGO COMMUNICATIONS & EXHIBITIONS PVT. LTD.

Web Site: www.sharpengineers.com

Web Site: www.virgo-comm.com

Soberman Engineering

VIRGO PUBLICATIONS

Web Site: www.sobermanengineering.com

Web Site: www.elevatorworldindia.com

SREE GAJANANA ENTERPRISES

WOODFOLD MFG INC.

Web Site: www.sgelevatorparts.com

Web Site: www.woodfold.com

Advertisers Index ADCO Controls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11

Jayashree Encoders Pvt Ltd . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19

Torin Drive India Private Limited . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7

AFAG Messen und Ausstellungen . . . . . . . . . . . 29

Johnson Lifts Private Limited . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5

Virgo Communications & Exhibitions

Altenmo Technologies Pvt. Ltd. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 81

Jupiter Enterprises . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 49

Pvt. Ltd. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 91

Blain Hydraulics Gmbh . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9

Kinetek . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33

Woodfold Mfg Inc. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 WpCitra, PT. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 87

Canny Group Co., Ltd . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27

Larsen & Toubro Limited . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15

City Lifts (India) Ltd. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 75

Laxmi Mech. & Eng. Company . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14

EEST - Elevator & Escalator Safety Trust . . . . . . 66

Monitor Spa . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 65

Eletech Industries . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31

Montanari Giulio & C. Srl . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 79

Elevator World . . . . . . . . . . 30, 64, 92, 95, Cover 3

Monteferro SPA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 61

Esquire Engineering Co. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50, 51

NBSL Elevator Components Co., Ltd. . . . . . . . . 89

Pvt Ltd. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21

Sematic S.p.a. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Cover 4

Hitachi Lift India Pvt. Ltd. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17

Shanghai BST Electric Co., Ltd. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41

Marketplace Axis Industries Pvt Ltd. Bhamra Engineering Works Essential Lights Icon Control System Innovision Maha Lifts Nocee Elevators (P) Ltd. Tech Electronics The Elevator Factory

EXCELLA Electronics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 67

Neptune Marketing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31

Formula Systems Ltd. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24

Physical Measurement Technologies . . . . . . . . 45

Giovenzana International BV . . . . . . . . . . Cover 2

Schindler India Pvt. Ltd. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 63

Hephzi Elevators International Company

Schmersal India Pvt. Limited . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23

Hydro-Pneumatic Teckniks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35

Sharp Engineers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1

Inditech Systems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6

Suzhou Great Elevator Co, Ltd . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13

Inova Automation Pvt Ltd . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 77

Tak Consulting Private Limited . . . . . . . . . . . . . 66

Jade Elevator Components . . . . . . . 42, 43, 72, 73

Tecno Doors Pvt. Ltd. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25

96

ELEVATOR WORLD India • 2nd Quarter 2014 •


Pr o j e c t Ye a r Elevator World’s 17th Annual

of the

2015

It’s that time again! Submit your vertical, horizontal or inclined transportation system of an innovative design, special application or approach that has solved a major problem or overcome a unique challenge to the ELEVATOR WORLD 17th Annual Project of the Year Awards.

Project Categories: • Elevators, New Construction • Elevators, Modernization • Escalators, New Construction

All entries will be judged and categorized as received by an impartial panel of experienced industry professionals and experts. Projects will be judged on the following: innovation, originality and creativity, challenges overcome, installation methods and techniques, the use of advanced technology, and overall quality of presentation. Winning entries will be published in the January 2015 issue of EW, and the winners in each category will be acknowledged with an award of recognition.

For contest rules and requirements, visit elevatorworld.com/poy

Deadline for entries: August 31, 2014

• Escalators, Modernization • Moving Walks • Inclined Elevators • Platform Lifts & Stairway Chairlifts • Private-Residence Elevators • Automated People Movers


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