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ELEVåTOR WÅRL­D India

The Premier Magazine for the Building Transportation Industry in India

Issue 1, Volume 11

Interlift 2017 ISO / TC 178 Plenary Meetings in New Delhi Interviews with TJEI, Otis India

www.elevatorworldindia.com


Contents 26

1st Quarter Issue 1, Volume 11

2018

88

FEATURES

52

New Life for Hydraulic Elevators by Frank Fletcher

30

60

Low-Rise Access by Yash Pandya

64

Stakeholders Speak Out by Yash Pandya

84

Elevator Design Focus in Academia by Amish Mistry

Interlift 2017 The world’s biggest industry trade fair just keeps growing. by Angela C. Baldwin

76

ISO/TC 178 Plenary Meeting in New Delhi

Productive meeting sets direction for future elevator standards. by Louis Bialy

Indian Elevator Market on the Fast Track by Shanker Gopalkrishnan

12

Regional News

108 Product Spotlight

98

26

Changing Gravity With Elevators by Amish Mistry

46

NBC Workshop by Sheetal Shelar Patil Maharashtra Passes Lifts, Escalators and Moving Walks Act by Yash Pandya

Calendar

94

Focus: Made for India by Sheetal Shelar Patil

40

4

Inside India News

20

Editor’s Overview

6

3

The State of the Real-Estate Industry by Sheetal Shelar Patil

Oleo Inaugurates Bengaluru Plant submitted by Oleo International

DEPARTMENTS

88

COLUMNS 18

98

Otis India President Talks Trends, Vision for the Future by Sheetal Shelar Patil

102

IEE Expo Sets Stage for the Industry submitted by IEE Expo

104

Inverters Join Synchronization Solution, VFDs submitted by Mitsubishi Electric India

106

110 Marketplace 111 Source Directory 112 Advertisers Index

Vertical Transportation and the City by Amish Mistry

ELEVåTOR WÅRLD India


ELEVĂĽTOR WĂ…RLD

India

™

ELEVATOR WORLD India is a quarterly magazine published by E­ levator World, Inc., Mobile, Alabama (U.S.) and Virgo Publications, Bangalore (India). Virgo Publications is a sister organization of Virgo Communications, one of the organizers for IEE – International Elevator & Escalator Expo. Elevator World, Inc. is the premier publisher for the international building transportation industry. Since the inception of ELEVATOR WORLD magazine in 1953, the company has e ­ xpanded core products to include ELEVATOR WORLD India, an ­extensive network of websites, a weekly e-mail newsletter (ElenetŽ) and the SourceŠ, the most inclusive industry directory. Publishers – Anitha Raghunath, Ricia Sturgeon-Hendrick, T. Bruce MacKinnon International Publishing Co. – Elevator World, Inc. Indian Publishing Co. – Virgo Publications Editorial International Managing Editor – Angela C. Baldwin Consulting Editor, India – Vijay Pandya EW Editorial Staff (U.S.) – Lee Freeland, Kaija Wilkinson, Matt Irvin EW India Correspondent - M.J. Mohamed Iqbal Contributors – Sheetal Shelar Patil, Yash Pandya, Frank Fletcher, Louis Bialy, Amish Mistry, Shanker Gopalkrishnan Printing, Distribution and Commercial Operations Commercial Directors – Anitha Raghunath and G. Raghu (India) Advertising Sales and Marketing Anitha Raghunath and G. Raghu (India) – T. Bruce MacKinnon, Lesley K. Hicks, Scott O. Brown, Cleo Brazile (International) Brad O’Guynn, Caleb Givens (Marketing) Susan Crigler (Education Products) Production and Internet EW Staff (U.S.) – Lillie McWilliams, Christen Robinson, Claire Nicholls, Matt Overstreet Administration Anitha Raghunath (India) Emma Darby (U.S.) ELEVATOR WORLDŽ and ELEVATOR WORLD India™ are registered trademarks and all rights reserved. CopyrightŠ 2017. For permission to reprint any portion of this magazine, please write to the publisher at Elevator World, Inc., P. O. Box 6507, Mobile, Alabama 36660, USA or at Virgo Publications, Virgo House, 250 Amarjyoti Layout, Domlur Extension, Bangalore, India 560071. ELEVATOR WORLD India is published in the interest of the members of the elevator industry in India, to improve communication within that industry and to further continuing education of members of that industry. ELEVATOR WORLD India publishes articles by contributing authors as a stimulus to thinking and not directives. ELEVATOR WORLD India publishes this material without accepting responsibility for its absolute accuracy, but with hopes that the vast majority of it will have validity for the field. The ideas expressed therein should be tempered by recognized elevator engineering practices, standards, codes and guidelines. Publication of any article or advertisement should not be deemed as an endorsement by ELEVATOR WORLD India, ELEVATOR WORLD, the publishers at Elevator World, Inc. or Virgo Publications. Printed by Sri Sudhindra Offset Process, No.27-28, 8th Cross, Malleshwaram, Bangalore - 560003, Karnataka, India. ELEVATOR WORLD India will be published quarterly in 2018: February 16, May 16, August 16 and November 16. Advertising and subscription information is available at elevatorworldindia.com.

Editor’s Overview New Year, New Horizons by Vijay Pandya Out with the old and in with the new. They say there is no charm without the challenge, and 2018 presents precisely that: a challenging scenario for the elevator and escalator industry that provides essential vertical transportation (VT) for modern edifices. On the one hand, there are concerns being expressed because the traditional ways of developing real estate in India are finally being bid adieu, accompanied by all the sadness associated with the departure of an old friend. At the same time, those who plan ahead and adapt to changing scenarios are actually pleased, because multiple new opportunities now await them. Collating stakeholder expectations for this New Year has been a rollercoaster ride of sorts. It’s really a question of whether you are interacting with a pessimist or an optimist, while the pragmatists are smiling away, focused on expanding business, identifying and seizing the fresh opportunities. 2017 witnessed the real-estate sector being influenced by so many policy announcements that, at one stage, confusion reigned about whether the situation was one step forward, two steps back or vice versa. The introduction of the Real Estate (Regulation and Development) Act and the Goods and Service Tax, as well as a series of amendments in the norms for affordable housing at different stages, made one’s head spin. However, as 2018 commenced, the overall verdict was clear: Fortune will continue to favor the brave. The requirement for high-tech, reliable VT from reputed brands that adhere to the new norms is only going to go one way in this new era, and that is up. Consider just one demand driver. More projects with bigger apartments now come under the Affordable Housing category, which should boost real-estate development considerably. This segment is attracting the most home seekers, and the government is also doing its best to facilitate it in every way possible, making it a win-win proposition. This effectively means a greater number of high rises on the anvil, thereby increasing demand for elevators during 2018 and thereafter. Need we say more? Brace yourselves for a very exciting and happening New Year!   đ&#x;Œ?

• Issue 1, Volume 11 • elevatorworldindia.com

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Calendar

2018 February

International Elevator & Escalator Expo Bombay Convention & Exhibition Centre Mumbai, India February 27-March 1 For more information or to reserve a booth, contact organizer Messe Frankfurt at website: ieeexpo.in.messefrankfurt.com.

Mumbai will be the location for the IEE Expo, taking place February 27-March 1. Shown is the Bombay High Court, one of the oldest High Courts of India.

April

IAEC Forum Holiday Inn Mart Plaza Chicago, IL April 23-26 For more information, contact International Association of Elevator Consultants (IAEC) Executive Director Sheila Swett at sheila@iaec.org or visit www.iaec.org. INELEX Izmir International Fair Izmir, Turkey April 26-28 For more information on this 11th elevator and elevator technologies exposition, visit website: www.inelex.com/en.

May

WEE Expo 2018 National Exhibition and Convention Center Shanghai, China May 8-11 For more information on the World Elevator & Escalator (WEE) Expo, visit www.elevator-expo.com. Symposium on Lift and Escalator Technologies Hong Kong, China May 15 For more information on this event, which offers an opportunity for speakers to present peer-reviewed papers on the subject of their research, visit liftsymposium.org.

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ELEVATOR WORLD India • 1st Quarter 2018 •

Elevcon Hotel Sofitel Berlin, Germany May 22-24 Details and registration information for the 22nd world congress of the International Association of Elevator Engineers is available at www.elevcon.com.

July

Indonesia Lift & Escalator Expo Jakarta International Expo Jakarta, Indonesia July 11-13 For more information, contact organizer Wahyu Promo Citra via phone: (62) 21-7892938, fax: (62) 21-7890647 or email: info@wpcitra.co.id, or visit  ina-liftescalator.com.

September

Symposium on Lift and Escalator Technologies Northampton, U.K. September 19-20 For more information on this annual event, which offers an opportunity for speakers to present peer-reviewed papers on the subject of their research, visit liftsymposium.org.

October

Global Lift & Escalator Expo 2018 International Convention City, Bashundhara, Dhaka, Bangladesh October 4-6

For more information, email: dev@virgo-comm.com; raghu@virgocomm.com or visit website: www.gleexpo.com. CTBUH 2018 Conference JW Marriott Marquis Hotel Dubai Dubai, U.A.E. & Jeddah, Saudi Arabia October 20-25 For more information on the Council on Tall Buildings and Urban Habitat’s (CTBUH) conference, “Polycentric Cities: The Future of Vertical Urbanism,� visit website: ctbuh2018.org. International Lift Expo, Korea Kintex Seoul, South Korea October 23-26 More information will be at goo.gl/wzznbU when released.

2019 March AsansĂśr Istanbul TĂźyap BylikdĂźzĂź Fair and Congress Center Istanbul, Turkey March 21-24 For more information on the 16th iteration of the biannual event, visit website: asansoristanbul.com.    đ&#x;Œ?


Inside India News

Public Transportation Improvements to, status on railway systems and more

Mumbai: 77 Units for CR; CR and WR Request Hundreds Stations along Mumbai’s Central Railway (CR) are set to get 25 lifts and 52 escalators by March, United News of India reported. On the Main Line, Kasara, Titwala, Diva, Nahur, Karjat and Kalwa stations are among those to receive upgrades. On the Harbour Line, Chembur, Vadala Road, Panvel, Mankhurd and Sewri stations are on the list. A railway official said busy stations such as Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Terminus, Dadar, Thane, Dombivli and Kalyan will be given priority. CR and Western Railway (WR) are requesting hundreds of new escalators to replace foot overbridges (FOBs) and prevent tragedies like the Elphinstone stampede in which 23 people died (ELEVATOR WORLD India, 4th Quarter 2017), NYOOOZ reported. As of fall 2017, CR had 22 escalators and WR, 32. CR plans to install the 52 escalators by June, Divisional Railway Manager S.K. Jain said. WR is installing 18 escalators and has asked the Railway Board for an additional 80. Just before the Diwali Festival of Light in 2017, CR sought permission from the board to install 214 escalators in Mumbai. In addition to new escalators, CR also plans to build 12 new FOBs, and authorities are pushing to have luggage weights drastically reduced after an audit found passengers’ heavy luggage hindered FOB traffic and contributed to the stampede.

FOB-Escalator Hybrid to Prevent Trespassing a First in Mumbai

Tentative locations for the FOB/escalator hybrids in suburban Mumbai

16 Units for Dakshineswar Skywalk The Dakshineswar Skywalk between a traffic roundabout and the Dakshineswar Kali Temple in Kolkata will be served by vertical-transportation (VT) equipment that includes 12 escalators and four elevators. Designed by New Delhi-based Design Forum International for the West Bengal Government, the skywalk is a “contemporary response to the problems generated over the years,” including cars, rickshaws and pedestrians vying for space along the narrow, 400-m-long Rani Rashmoni Road. The road could not be widened due to Indian Railway offices on either side. Incorporating more than 200 shops formerly located along the road, the 380-m-long skywalk provides protection from the weather, as all access points are enclosed in glass. It was expected to open by January.

Mumbai Railway Vikas Corp. plans to build more than 50 FOBs with escalators and lifts in their midsections to prevent people from trespassing on tracks, mid-day.com reported. Part of the Mumbai Urban Transport Project III, the FOBs will be the first of their kind, described as a “novel approach” to keeping people from jumping over tracks and walls. Late last year, railway officials had identified locations along Central and Western Railway’s Main and Harbour lines, and were in talks with officials in Thane, Navi, Mumbai and Kalyan to determine where the FOB-escalator hybrids will be built. The skywalk was designed by New Delhi-based Design Forum International.

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ELEVATOR WORLD India • 1st Quarter 2018 •


Commuters Frustrated by Inoperable Escalators at Visakhapatnam

Escalators in the skywalk

Metro Railway Replacing Oldest Escalators Metro Railway is preparing to replace some of the oldest escalators at its 24 stations in Kolkata, while others that are comparatively new will undergo extensive overhauls, The Times of India reported on October 30, 2017. “We are conducting a thorough and rigorous audit to check the condition of all escalators,” said Indrani Banerjee, chief public relations officer, Metro Railway. One of the units undergoing a major overhaul is at Dum Dum, where work began on August 2, 2017. Banerjee said the unit’s structure was found in need of strengthening. Water was also found to have seeped into the pit, so grouting was underway to fill gaps. In planning for the replacement of other units, Metro Railway was aiming to reduce inconvenience to passengers. “We have made detailed plans to phase out the oldest ones in a timely manner,” said Banerjee. Metro had already added four new escalators in 2017, including two at Rabindra Sarobar and one each at Rabindra Sadan and Esplanade.

Escalators Among Upgrades at Guntur Railway Station Passenger amenities, such as escalators, are among upgrades in store for Guntur Railway Station in Andra Pradesh, The Hindu reported. Divisional Railway Manager V.G. Bhooma said that, along with electrification of the Guntur-Tenali and GunturPagidipalli lines, expected to occur by December 2018 and February 2019, respectively, all platforms at Guntur Station will have escalators within a year. Three escalators each will be installed at platforms 1-4.

Two escalators serving four platforms at the Visakhapatnam railway station have been out of service for at least six months, frustrating commuters, The Times of India reported. The escalators, between platforms 2 and 3 and 5 and 6, were shut down in June 2017 so a new FOB could be constructed. Stating the escalators are expected to be back in service by May, a railway official said building the FOB is taking longer than usual due to heavy rock at the foundation. Another official said Indian Railways hopes to build an additional two escalators at the station. In the meantime, passengers are having to carry their luggage over the FOBs.

Otis Chief Says Industry Still Recovering From Demonetization Sebi Joseph, president of Otis India, said in November 2017 that the country’s vertical transportation industry had yet to recover from the government’s demonetization moves of 2016 but said the sector could see improvement in the second quarter, thanks to improving demand, The New Indian Express reported. Joseph said that before demonetization, in which certain bank notes were declared invalid in a crackdown on illegal activity and terrorism, the elevator industry was growing 6-7% per year. Afterward, he said, growth was basically flat. He told the source, however, that with the quickening pace of urbanization, there is tremendous potential for the industry to develop. India’s elevator industry is considered the second largest after China, but India lags well behind its neighbor. Joseph said the size of the market in China is at least 12 times that of India. While each year 600,000 elevators are installed in China, only about 50,000 are installed in India, he said. One reason why penetration is low in India is because builders tend to use fewer elevators than needed. “This is not the case with India alone; worldwide, buildings are underelevated. Traffic assessment has to be done before finalizing the number of elevators needed in a building,” he said. With 40% of the Indian population expected to be urbanized by 2030, the elevator industry is poised to thrive, he said. He said the industry’s growth will necessitate improvements in efficiency. He noted that Otis India is developing mobile apps to help users move to the right elevators in a building, and a video analytic system to monitor elevator use and waiting times. Other technology now available includes regenerative drives that significantly reduce energy consumption.

Guntur Railway Station; image from Gpics at English Wikipedia • Issue 1, Volume 11 • elevatorworldindia.com

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Inside India News

Regulations Maharashtra, Telangana take steps toward improved oversight.

Maharashtra Approves New VT Regulations The Maharashtra government has passed the Lifts, Escalators and Moving Walks Act of 2017, a law that regulates verticaltransportation (VT) systems in the state, The Times of India reported. The law, approved on December 21, 2017, requires VT equipment owners to obtain a license, which is valid for 20 years. Logbooks detailing breakdowns are required and must be made available to inspectors. In addition, equipment owners must receive official permission to make changes to capacity. The equipment must be inspected annually, and violations could result in suspension of the license and a fine. The equipment must be covered by third-party insurance policies to compensate injury victims, and manufacturers could be prosecuted and held liable for accidents. The new law replaced the Maharashtra Lifts Act of 1939, which covered elevators but not escalators or moving walks.

TEA Pushes for Elevator Grading System, More Inspections Observing there are more than 800,000 lifts and roughly 200,000 elevator-industry employees in the state of Telangana, members of the Telangana Elevator Association (TEA) are pushing for an elevator-safety grading system and more inspections, the Deccan Chronicle reported. TEA President Avinash Challa said the association is working to educate both residents and technicians, and has launched a new program that provides insurance for technicians, contractors and users in case of an emergency. Most accidents, he said, are due to negligence, such as failing to keep a close eye on children. TEA urged that old, potentially unsafe elevators be replaced.

Rosemor Breaking Into New Markets U.K.-based Rosemor International reported it is breaking into new markets, including India, China, Iran and Romania. Rosemor uses dealers to supply its escalator-cleaning machines to customers worldwide. The machines, for which an attachment is now available that adapts them to moving walks, are mainly used in department stores, malls, metro stations, airports and stadiums. The company stated: “Dealing with so many different countries and business cultures over the years has enabled us to adapt to new customers and markets. With so many more countries to break into, Rosemor is very excited for 2018 and what new business it may entail.”

Rosemor equipment is used at this mall in India.

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ELEVATOR WORLD India • 1st Quarter 2018 •


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9


Inside India News

Accidents Mishaps around the country involve industry equipment.

Escalator Fall Fatal for Baby in Kolkata A six-month-old girl fell from her mother’s arms on an escalator at Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose International Airport in Kolkata on December 30, 2017, succumbing to her injuries shortly afterward at a local hospital, The Telegraph reported. The mother reportedly was holding a bag in one hand and the child in another when the accident occurred, resulting in fatal head and neck injuries. Parents and child were riding a down escalator on their way to board an early-morning flight.

Five People Hurt Riding Freight Elevator A freight elevator at a motorcycle dealership in Greater Noida crashed from the third floor, severely injuring five people riding the lift, The Times of India reported on December 1, 2017. A salesperson and four customers had gone to the third floor of the showroom to retrieve a two-wheeler. As they were going back down, the lift fell to the first floor. One customer suffered a fractured leg, and another had hand and body injuries. The other three received head injuries and were taken to intensive care at a local hospital. A manager at the dealership said the lift is meant for moving freight only, and a warning sign is posted. He said a preliminary investigation indicated that the lift’s rope came loose. A police investigation is ongoing.

Woman Dies in Pune Elevator Shaft Plunge A 58-year-old grandmother visiting her son’s family in Pune died after a fall in an elevator shaft, the Pune Mirror reported in November 2017. The woman, her daughter-in-law and one-yearold grandson were in Pune on October 23, 2017, and called an elevator in a Shree Sai Society building. When the doors opened, the victim did not notice that the car was not there and stepped into the empty shaft, plunging from the seventh floor to her death. Family members are accusing the Shree Sai Society of negligence but told the Mirror that local police had so far not been helpful in their search for answers. The Shree Sai Society denies the accusation, but another resident said, “My husband would have become a similar victim a few months ago, when he called for the lift from the fifth floor and was about to step in, when he realized

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ELEVATOR WORLD India • 1st Quarter 2018 •

the car had not come. We have stayed here for three years, but the lift has never worked properly.” A member of the society’s managing committee, speaking on condition of anonymity, told the Mirror, “The lift was in working condition. We maintain it every month and have an annual maintenance contract with [the] Public Works Department. A private company also conducts regular maintenance.” Pramod Gavhi, a Public Works Department inspector, told the Mirror, “We have visited the society and conducted an audit on the lift. We found many faults, but a final report will come from Mumbai.”

Worker Dies in Mall Service Elevator Near Bengaluru A 40-year-old man died on October 20, 2017, in a service elevator at a mall near Bengaluru as he was working unloading goods, NYOOOZ reported. According to two fellow passengers, the lift, which had a scissor gate, stopped between the ground and first floors. The man then tried to manually restart the unit by lying on the floor and reaching through the gate to find a start switch under the cage. At that point, the elevator started moving up, and the man’s head was crushed. Police were investigating.

Overloaded Elevator Results in Injuries in Bhubaneswar Eight people rode an elevator designed to carry a maximum of five on November 17, 2017, in Bhubaneswar, resulting in the lift plunging from the fifth to ground floors and seriously injuring two of the passengers, The New Indian Express reported. These passengers suffered leg injuries, including a broken leg, while six others escaped with minor injuries. The elevator’s emergencybraking system stopped the elevator from hitting the ground and saved lives, according to the property manager. The incident occurred at approximately 10 p.m. at a residential building in the Hanspal neighborhood, and some of the passengers appeared to be inebriated.


tk Partners With SOS Children’s Villages on New Program thyssenkrupp Elevator is collaborating with SOS Children’s Villages, the world’s largest non-government organization focused on supporting at-risk children, on Project SEED, based on thyssenkrupp’s own “seed campusâ€? job-training network. SEED stands for “support, educate, elevate and develop,â€? with volunteers from thyssenkrupp working with hundreds of children in India, Colombia and Brazil to help SOS improve job prospects for young people with little or no parental care. In Phase One of Project SEED, 130 youths in India, 60 in Colombia and 100 in Brazil will receive assistance from thyssenkrupp on soft and basic skills job training, career guidance, entrepreneurship and real-world work experience. thyssenkrupp Elevator CEO Andreas Schierenbeck participated in a kickoff workshop in BogotĂĄ, Colombia, on November 15, 2017.   đ&#x;Œ?

Andreas Schierenbeck at the kickoff workshop of Project SEED in BogotĂĄ, Colombia

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• Issue 1, Volume 11 • elevatorworldindia.com

11


Regional News

Business Strong market growth and expansion in Iran, Japan and China

thyssenkrupp Elevator Orders Highest in Five Years With demand for new-generation elevators and components growing, thyssenkrupp said in November 2017 that its annual orders were the highest in five years, The New Indian Express reported. The improvement came as the company continued its shift toward technology and away from steelmaking, its traditional core business. CEO Heinrich Hiesinger has been leading the shift, saying that the “structural problems in the European steel industry have not gone away,” problems that include a flat market and overcapacity. In an effort to wean thyssenkrupp from the steel industry, the company has sold a Brazilian mill and entered into a deal to combine its European steel business with India’s Tata Steel, a joint venture targeted for implementation this year. Some labor representatives have balked at the deal, which includes 2,000 job cuts, but Hiesinger said all alternatives would involve even greater job cuts. Lars Foerberg, a founder of major shareholder Cevian, told German newspaper Handelsblatt that while the solution for the steel division was good, thyssenkrupp needed to restructure its other businesses to be more competitive. “There are various options to find the right structure,” he said. “A joint venture, decentralized company structure, spinoff. The main point is that old-style conglomerates don’t work.” thyssenkrupp is staking its future on elevators, its most profitable unit, and the automotive sector, its biggest customer group. The company’s order intake rose 18% to EUR44.29 billion (US$52.6 billion) in the fiscal year that ended September 30, 2017, while adjusted earnings reached EUR1.91 billion (US$2.27 billion). Operating profit at its elevators unit, which mostly caters to clients in the U.S. and Europe with its Internet-connected elevators, rose 7% to EUR922 million (US$1.1 billion), making it the group’s single biggest profit contributor.

Iran’s Elevator Sector Poised for Growth The annual turnover of Iran’s elevator industry stands at around IRR50 trillion (US$1.25 billion), while it has the potential to rise to

12

ELEVATOR WORLD India • 1st Quarter 2018 •

IRR200 trillion (US$5 billion), Mohammad Reza Zohrevandi, president of the Iranian Syndicate for Elevator and Escalator Industries, said. In an October 15, 2017, report from the Financial Tribune, Zohrevandi was quoted as saying an average of 45,000 elevators and 1,500 escalators have been installed per year in Iran over the past few years. “From the engineering and technical viewpoint, Iran’s elevator industry is the best in the Middle East, but Turkey is the top manufacturer and exporter of elevators in the region,” he told the source. He further stated that in fiscal 20142015, nearly 75,000 new elevators were installed in Iran, which put it in third place behind China and the U.S. Iran’s elevator industry got its start when the first oil refinery was built about 70 years ago in Abadan. Diba Elevator Co., a subsidiary of Schindler, was the first domestic elevator manufacturer.

Mitsubishi Electric Building New Training Center in Japan Mitsubishi Electric is significantly ramping up training for installation technicians by building a new, 2,182-m2 training center at its main factory in Inazawa, Japan. The company is investing approximately US$8.67 million in the facility, which will have 11 shafts and eight elevators for hands-on training, as well as a hazard simulator. Citing increasing global demand for elevators and escalators, the company aims to increase the number of new installation technicians in Japan to 1,000 and installation supervisors outside of Japan to 350 by March 2020. The center is expected to start operation in October. Mitsubishi Electric’s new technician training facility in Inazawa, Japan


Elevators Among Growth Drivers for Hitachi in China

Higashihara

Demand for elevators, along with a strong economy and recovering construction sector, is driving growth for Hitachi in China, the Nikkei Asian Review reported. The company’s Chinese sales had been expected to surpass US$8.9 billion through the year ending in March and reach at least US$9.7 billion by March 2019. Hitachi President Toshiaki Higashihara shared that smart manufacturing and electric vehicles will be among the focuses. Business has been steady, he said, despite concern that the twice-a-decade Communist Party Congress in October 2017 would result in an economic slowdown. That didn’t occur, and foreign companies operating in China are working around party requirements such as new cybersecurity legislation that requires businesses to keep data within Chinese borders.

PT. Berca Schindler Wins 474Unit Order in Indonesia

Soaring Platform Rises In Chongqing, China A large platform connecting four towers at the Raffles City Chongqing complex in Chongqing, China, underwent a weeklong process of being lifted into place, China Daily reported in December 2017. The glass-enclosed platform, which will include an observation deck, a fine-dining restaurant and a club, will give visitors a sweeping view of the city. The 30-m-wide, 22.5-m-tall platform will cover more than 10,000 m2. It was raised in three sections to connect the four 250-m-tall buildings. Raffles City, a US$4-billion project developed by Capita-Land Group and Ascendas-Singbridge of Singapore, covers 1.12 million m2 and has eight towers. The buildings house residences, a shopping mall, office space and a five-star hotel. The project will open in phases, a process expected to begin in 2019.

PT. Berca Schindler Lifts, a joint venture between Central Cipta Murdaya Group and Jardine Schindler Group, has been awarded a contract to supply 118 Schindler 9300 escalators, 254 9500 moving walks and 102 freight elevators to Transmart Carrefour’s multimall developments across Indonesia. Transmart Carrefour projects will include more than 51 department, grocery and clothing stores, along with entertainment venues, all within individual locations. They will be developed over a two-year timeframe. The company stated: “Schindler has meticulously planned the installation of our products to meet Transmart Carrefour’s ambitious construction plans. Working closely with Transmart Carrefour, Schindler has designed vertical-transportation solutions for each project that will efficiently and effectively move people and products to ensure the most comfortable experience possible.”

Transmart Carrefour projects will bring shopping, dining and entertainment together in a single location.

The glass-enclosed platform, connecting four towers of the Raffles City Chongqing complex in China, will offer visitors sweeping views of the sprawling city; rendering courtesy of China Daily.

• Issue 1, Volume 11 • elevatorworldindia.com

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Regional News

Transitions Marks named Otis president; Avire fills position.

Marks Named Otis President; First Woman to Head UTC Subsidiary

Marks

Judy Marks has been named president of Otis, making her the first woman to lead a subsidiary of United Technologies Corp. (UTC). Marks joins UTC from Siemens, where she served as CEO of Siemens USA and its subsidiary, Dresser-Rand, which serves the oil and gas industry globally. For Siemens, she led operations and services in the U.S. in the areas of electrification, automation and digitization. Before joining Siemens, Marks held leadership positions at Lockheed Martin and IBM, where she “built a distinguished career serving customers and creating solutions for global businesses and national government entities.” Marks holds a degree in Electrical Engineering from Lehigh University in Bethlehem, Pennsylvania. She succeeds Philippe Delpech, who resigned in July 2017 to take a position with another company.

Avire Appoints Brigham Technical Director

Architect Ole Scheeren has designed a trio of nature-inspired towers for Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam, the tallest of which, Empire 88, will be 88 stories and 333 m high, making it the city’s tallest, dezeen reported. The three towers making up Empire City will rise from a mountain-shaped podium that mimics Vietnam’s rice paddy fields with terraced gardens. Housing apartments and a hotel, Empire 88 will swell near the top to house an elevated garden, and boast a public observation deck and top-floor events venue called Cloud Space. The shorter two towers will have offices and residences, and there will be retail in the podium. No timeframe was given, but the architect expressed optimism.

Brigham

Avire has appointed Peter Brigham technical director, responsible for the company’s global engineering activity. He is primarily based at the U.K. office. Most recently chief technology officer and founder at Dacfon Ltd., specializing in anticounterfeiting and secure manufacturing systems, Brigham has an MSc in Electronics and Information Technology from Birmingham University and a background in growing companies through technology. Brigham stated: “I feel privileged in joining such a dynamic and growing technology company. I’m excited about adding to their already impressive technical capabilities, and looking forward to assisting the team in creating more industry-leading products.”

Plan for Ho Chi Minh City’s Tallest Echoes Nature

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ELEVATOR WORLD India • 1st Quarter 2018 •

Empire 88, part of a plan designed by Ole Scheeren, would be the tallest building in Ho Chi Minh City.


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CTBUH Conference 2017 in Sydney, Melbourne and Brisbane

With its breathtaking combination of harbor, skyline and opera house as a backdrop, Sydney was the ideal location for the 2017 event.

The Council on Tall Buildings and Urban Habitat (CTBUH) held its 2017 conference, Connecting the City: People, Density & Infrastructure, in Sydney, Melbourne and Brisbane on October 30-November 3, 2017. Co-chaired by CTBUH Executive Director Antony Wood, Grimshaw Architects Associate Principal Jeff Morgan, Bates Smart Director Philip Vivian and Sydney Architecture Studio Director Ken McBryde, the event kicked off at the Hyatt Regency Sydney and drew approximately 1,000 delegates from more than 45 countries. As always, the vertical-transportation (VT) industry played a big role in the conference, with KONE, Otis, Schindler and thyssenkrupp among the top sponsors and VT experts from those companies participating in panels and giving presentations on topics such as smart technologies and urban mobility. The 2017 conference inquired far beyond the tall building as an icon, debating a new set of guidelines and responsibilities toward skyscrapers becoming “connectors� in the city. The discussion embraced every discipline, from urban planning to cost consulting, architectural design to VT, real-estate development to curtain-wall design. CTBUH observed that few, if any, locations were more suited to host the event than Sydney, which it described as: “. . . a city with a 230-year history in urban development that finds itself at the nexus of much of the current debate about cities: density versus suburbanization, modernity versus historical preservation, infrastructure versus urban life, the high- versus low-rise realms. With its breathtaking combination of harbor, skyline and opera house as a

backdrop, and the famous Antipodean welcoming charm of its people, there was no better place for this debate at this specific time than Sydney.â€? Sydney is reinventing itself with developments such as Barangaroo, Central Park, the Sydney Metro and Parramatta Square. This is symptomatic of what is happening in global cities around the world, such as New York or London, which are seen as safe harbors for significant real-estate investment, coming from a multitude of internal, as well as external, sources — most notably, Asia. Of course, no CTBUH conference in Australia would be complete without considering Melbourne or Brisbane, the country’s other premier urban laboratories. Thus, the fourth and fifth days of the conference comprised regional programming in those cities. There, three half-day segments focused on unique themes, encompassing expansive tours, site visits and technical demonstrations. For in-depth conference information, including an expansive photo gallery, visit 2017. ctbuh.org. Reported by CTBUH   đ&#x;Œ?

The event drew delegates from all over the world.

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Events

Oleo Inaugurates Bengaluru Plant Facility will create 250 new jobs, support Make in India. submitted by Oleo International Oleo International inaugurated its new plant in Bengaluru on September 25, 2017, with VIP visitors who included Dominic McAllister, British deputy high commissioner, and Arun Narayan, director of the U.K. India British Council. Oleo plans to create 250 new jobs over the next two years with the opening of the factory and intends to “help train and develop the engineers of the future,” according to U.K. Global Headquarters CEO Sul Sahota. McAllister observed the factory will add value to the local economy, and is a testament to the strong ties between the U.K. and the state of Karnataka, as well as Oleo’s commitment to the “Make in India” initiative. Over the next six

months, Oleo plans to build test facilities at the factory that mirror its facilities in the U.K. The move builds on Oleo’s strong history of innovation. In 2015, it won the Queen’s Award for its elevator buffers and train end stops, which enhance safety in some of the world’s tallest skyscrapers and fastest trains, respectively. With the new factory, the company hopes to build on India’s developing safety culture by adding its products to end stops on the country’s rail system and tall-building elevator systems. Oleo states it is “. . .the leading supplier of buffers for elevators that travel faster than 2.5 mps, and is the only company to provide buffers for elevators that travel in excess of 5 mps. Market

Members of the Oleo India team with, far left, Arun Narayan, director of the U.K. India British Council, and Dominic McAllister, British deputy high commissioner, second from right

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McAllister cuts the ribbon.

Oleo’s new Bengaluru facility

demand from developing countries, such as India, has reportedly driven this [technology], making high-rise buildings accessible and fulfilling safety criteria. Future plans for the company will see it keeping the focus on rail and construction to grow its market share in India.� Sahota said opening the Indian factory is part of its long-term global growth strategy. “For many years, a large part of our business has relied on exports from the U.K., and we are now focusing on manufacturing and assembling our products in the regions where they are being sold,� he stated.

Observing it is an exciting time for Oleo in India, Director of Oleo India Shijo Thomas said: “India has a growing economy and will need a strong infrastructure in its rail and construction sectors. We’re proud to set up a world-class R&D and manufacturing base in Bengaluru, in line with our prime minister’s Make in India initiative, and bring our global technology expertise and innovation in upgrading crash worthiness and impact energy absorption technology to đ&#x;Œ? India.â€?   

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Industry Dialogue

Focus: Made for India Your author (SSP) interviews Junichi Kyushima (JK), managing director of Toshiba Johnson Elevators India Pvt. Ltd. (TJEI) by Sheetal Shelar Patil

Kyushima

SSP: Which things set TJEI elevators/ escalators apart? JK: Performance, comfortable ride, safety, aesthetics and aftersales support are the cornerstones of our industry. Toshiba elevators offer all these parameters. Some key technologies that accentuate Toshiba elevators’ ride comfort and safety include the use of permanent-magnet synchronous motor and roller guides that help provide smoother elevator rides with no jerks. The use of dry-type guide rails, oil-free buffers, LED lighting in cabins and a lead-free design are a few of the many green features offered in Toshiba elevators. TJEI also offers several safety features like the Automatic Rescue Device, fire emergency operation, phase reversal protection, overspeed protection, 3D sensors, etc. Along with these, specialized certifications, in-house engineer training programs and competitions are conducted to keep the team apace with the latest updates in elevator safety. At TJEI, our customers’ experience does not end with the sale; the aftersales service is equally important to our customers. In our endeavor for the minimum turnaround time, we have set up satellite service centers to cater to specific areas/ projects. In both Tier I and Tier II cities, Toshiba guarantees on-call service within 30 min. for emergency situations and 60 min. for normal callback. With our safe and efficient verticaltransportation solutions, TJEI is committed to providing world-class products and services to

help create modern building infrastructure for the next India. SSP: Which key advantages does TJEI offer? JK: Quality assurance, reliability and longevity of products and solutions represent the brand values of Toshiba. Following these attributes, TJEI offers complete verticaltransportation solutions – from products to installation to aftersales support. The latter is a key aspect of our business, and with some unique solutions like the Remote Elevator Monitoring System, TJEI adds value to its offerings. Service is also a key aspect: as testimony to it, almost 70% of our business comes from repeat customers. SSP: How significant is the Indian market for TJEI? JK: The Indian economy is witnessing a sharp growth curve, and, with the positive initiatives undertaken by the government, the overall Indian infrastructure segment is growing. The conducive foreign direct investment policies that are attracting large foreign companies to set up base in India are also giving a big push to both the commercial and residential infrastructure segments. Though still at a nascent stage, the Indian market is still the second largest in the world. In 2016, the Indian elevator/escalator market was at approximately 68,000 units and is expected to grow at a combined annual growth rate (CAGR) of 9%, expected to cross the 100,000 mark by 2021. For Toshiba, India is the fastest-growing market. TJEI is well placed to cater to all the segments of the Indian market with our “Madefor-India” ELCOSMO-TJ series (ELEVATOR WORLD India, 3rd Quarter 2016). Strong relationships with the customers, a strong and growing relationship with our Continued

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ELEVATOR WORLD India • 1st Quarter 2018 •


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joint-venture partner Johnson Lifts Pvt. Ltd. — which completed five years this year — has helped TJEI reach a high sales growth curve. SSP: Which attributes or parameters make the Indian market different from the other markets to which TJEI caters? JK: One of the key differentiators between India and the world market is the brand connect. We have witnessed consumers apportioning different emotional equity to different brands in India, and, typically, Japanese brands have a higher emotional equity. Also, the relationships developed with the customers are more like partnerships that tend to last longer, and a lot of business comes from repeat customers. The market, however, is essentially segregated into low, mid and high. Comprehending the evolving preferences of Indian consumers, TJEI has expanded its product portfolio to cover all spectrums of the market, from premium to upper to middle. TJEI will now focus on two segments — premium/luxury, where TJEI has already established itself as a significant player, and the ever-growing mid-rise buildings of the Indian real-estate market. The latter includes mid-sized offices, commercial spaces and residential condominiums, where TJEI will further consolidate its market position in the upper mid segment with products that are “Made for India.” SSP: What is your vision for India, and how would you describe your strategy for this market? JK: India is a significant market for elevators and escalators worldwide. Initiatives undertaken by the Government of India for A Toshiba Elevator cabin design

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Continued


Hall - 1, 27 Feb - 1 March, 2018

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infrastructural growth and development of smart cities have several e-commerce majors being the next big thing after the IT opened several new avenues for further progress of the Indian sector in the Indian economy will boost the construction of the vertical-transportation industry. commercial segment, especially in the concentrated markets, Since the last five years, TJEI has grown at a CAGR of more including Mumbai, Pune, Bengaluru, Hyderabad, Gurgaon and than 20% and is well placed to cater to all segments of the growing Chennai. Indian elevator market — from the premium segment to the upper Add to that the Make in India initiative, which has established mid segment. Continuing our growth trajectory, we aim to achieve India as a global manufacturing hub, attracting many global the top market share in our targeted segment by achieving a sales companies to set up their manufacturing operations in India, target of 2,000 units per year by fiscal year 2022. leading to a boost in commercial activities and development of With an augmented focus on made-for-India products, TJEI special economic zones. With conducive business policies, many will set up a multipurpose facility that will local and global players have made India is a significant market for significant investments in infrastructure act as a design center, training center and service center, among other roles. TJEI will to tap the Indian e-commerce market, elevators and escalators also introduce advanced technology services which has given way to more adoption of worldwide. Initiatives that will cover the Tier I and major Tier II global standards for building cities, and create more employment undertaken by the Government infrastructure in Tier I and Tier II cities. opportunities in the markets in which it But, the biggest push in demand for of India for infrastructural operates. elevators comes from natural factors, like growth and development of SSP: To what extent do you see the space constraint, that restricts cities from market evolving and developing further? growing horizontally and gives way to smart cities have opened JK: The infrastructure segment is high rises. With the increased several new avenues for further transparency in the construction sector expanding, and there are two prominent growth segments — the premium progress of the Indian vertical- with reforms like the Real Estate commercial and residential segment, and the (Regulation and Development) Act and transportation industry. low-cost middle segment comprised of innovation of intelligent technology in commercial high rises, shopping malls, elevators and escalators, India will residential apartments, etc. continue to reinforce its position as the second-largest market for Aside from the growth in domestic high-end residential elevators and escalators in the world. projects, the influx of global companies setting up their base in SSP: Which trends have you witnessed in different segments India is also acting as a catalyst for the premium segment. These like home lifts and the modernization of existing lifts? global companies are mainly predisposed to American or JK: In India, the emphasis has shifted on safety and energy European building standards and demand similar-quality products efficiency more than ever before. This has led to the rise in demand in India, too, driving demand for high-end elevators and escalators. for smart and intelligent elevators. With several Tier I and Tier II In addition to driving demand for the premium commercial cities emerging as the newer and developing markets, the infrastructure, these multinationals also boost the local residential maintenance and modernization market is experiencing growth. market with the employment opportunities they generate. This The home-lifts market, which currently constitutes roughly 5% low-cost middle segment is expected to rise exponentially and of the total market, is a growing segment, but TJEI doesn’t requires products that cater specifically to their demand. Also, currently cater to it. In Japan, Toshiba is exploring this segment special landmark projects like the new high-speed rail and other through feedback received from the users and buyers and similar infrastructure projects require reliable and high-quality determining the growing market demand for such lifts. products with higher durability. The modernization and replacement market, however, is SSP: Given the prevailing market situation in India, how relatively small, with only a few regions that are commercially would you describe the demand drivers when it comes to viable. For instance, Mumbai and Delhi offer a more sizable elevators/escalators? replacement market than any other region in India. TJEI is slowly JK: The need for vertical mobility has increased more than ever entering this market, and is evaluating and expanding this category. with rapid urbanization and an improved standard of living. India Sheetal Shelar Patil works with a content is witnessing a tremendous growth in residential complexes, solutions agency, overseeing weekend sections, hospitals, information-technology (IT) parks, educational special features, news columns, magazines and institutions, airports, corporate offices and government buildings. theme pages for one of India’s leading EnglishThe government’s thrust on infrastructure in Tier II and Tier III language daily newspapers, as well as working cities has put the elevator market in India on a high growth with several business-to-business publications. A trajectory. Several schemes, like affordable housing under holder of a diploma course in journalism, Patil “Housing for All,” have been initiated by the Government of India previously worked in administrative positions with for the infrastructure sector. The elevator/escalator market is various real-estate, hospitality and media expected to grow at a CAGR of approximately 8%. In addition, the enterprises. ability to attract newer foreign direct investments and the rise of

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ELEVATOR WORLD India • 1st Quarter 2018 •


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Market Trends

Changing Gravity With Elevators VT is no longer just a luxury according to Jayendra Patel. by Amish Mistry The invention of the elevator enabled a whole new type of architecture and had a profound effect on our culture. Whether it is a residential or commercial application, people depend on the safe and reliable operation of vertical-transportation (VT) systems every day. It is of critical importance to the owners and, ultimately, the tenants, guests or visitors who travel throughout residences and buildings each day. By opening the way to higher buildings, the elevator played a decisive role in creating the characteristic urban geography of many modern cities. The sky-high price of land in cities, together with extremely high population concentrations, means that the only Corinthian in Khar choice to increase living space is to Occupancy and market value of a building or build upward. Additionally, cities complex are dependent on the facilities provided, need to accommodate expanding populations and elevators are among the most important without sacrificing open spaces and parks. That’s considerations. Not only the presence of lifts, but why the number of tall buildings, and their their operational efficiency, aesthetic quality and heights, are on the rise. Moreover, the growth of user friendliness are important aspects for overall “mall culture” and infrastructure development valuation of the structure. and investment in public spaces like railway Fewer or lower-capacity elevators will stations, airports, subways and underground markets creates the requirement of elevators even increase the waiting time for passengers and add to the dissatisfaction of users, but too many lifts is more. VT systems are no longer just a luxury. a waste of space and energy, and adds to Designing commercial shopping malls is very maintenance expenses. Therefore, it becomes different from designing residential towers. The design is affected by the occupancy and proposed imperative to optimize the capacity and quantity of lifts for maximum efficiency and comfort of daily traffic. Developers are at liberty to consult occupants. with architects to help create the most applicable In schools and institutional buildings, the design for a variety of buildings. following factors are taken into consideration. Continued

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www.fermator.com • Issue 4, Volume 10 • elevatorworldindia.com 27


Pant Nagar in Ghatkopar Aether in Goregaon

Speed Though students might wish for speedy elevators, most schools will only need their elevator to service a few floors, meaning they’re likely to be hydraulic elevators that move at no more than 150 fpm. This means waiting times could exceed the traditionally defined passing period. This is a factor the Bharucha in Tardeo administration of the school must anticipate and manage internally.

Security Security in an educational facility’s elevators raises two concerns. The first regards who can access the elevator, and the second is about what goes on inside the elevator once the doors close. Some institutions choose to limit elevator access to students who have medical or physical needs, and faculty members and staff. Other institutions may allow anyone to use the elevator. Regardless of the policy, the school should consider installing a security camera in the elevator to capture any incidents that occur inside the car, both for the safety of the students and to protect the institution from liability issues.

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ELEVATOR WORLD India • 1st Quarter 2018 •

Costs Many schools need to make the most of every penny. A skilled elevator provider can help any institution make the best choice for long-term budgetary goals. Whether the school is looking to modernize an existing machine or install a new one, industry experts can help decisionmakers choose the most efficient machinery for their unique needs. Experts can also consult with schools about issues like sustainability and energy savings. With continued regular maintenance, the up-front investment of a modern elevator can pay off for the school through student and parent satisfaction, improved productivity, and more energyefficient facilities. With elevators being essential to facilitating movement inside a building, it’s critical to ensure that they work efficiently and, in the unfortunate event of an elevator breakdown, are repaired quickly. More importantly, anyone who becomes stuck in the elevator must be rescued quickly. This can be achieved by having the elevator installed by a reputable and reliable company. Without the elevator, there would be no verticality or density, and, without these, none of the urban advantages of energy efficiency or economic productivity would be realized. Elevator technology is ever evolving and has endless ways of expansion in the future.

Jayendra Patel is an architect and the Founder of Spacious Design Architects Pvt Ltd. Over the past 30 years, Spacious Design has handled projects across India and collaborated with international architectural and landscaping firms from Singapore on projects in India.


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EVENTS

The world’s biggest industry trade fair just keeps growing. by Angela C. Baldwin Interlift 2017, held at Messe Augsburg in surprisingly temperate Augsburg, Germany, on October 17-20, 2017, proved to be the international biennial trade fair’s biggest iteration yet. With a record 574 participating companies and 21,260 visitors, the fair’s 13th incarnation proved a far cry from its 1991 inaugural event, which showcased 155 exhibitors — roughly half from Germany — and drew approximately 9,200 visitors. The prestige of the fair and its international appeal have grown over time and for good reason, according to Heiko Könicke, managing director of event organizer AFAG Messen und Ausstellungen GmbH, who described Interlift as being, from its inception, a “high-tech show with big companies, but we are all good friends with good communication.” During Interlift 2017’s opening ceremony, he elaborated on the fair’s continued success: “Interlift is the gateway to the international lift market, and the live situation is so important. We are here, offline, for four days at an event put on by professionals for professionals. The international press and international associations are here. There is a vital energy source here. With [Interlift’s] large selection of exhibits and the clear advantages of personal communication, it creates a sustainable added value for both exhibitors and visitors. . . . Interlift is enjoying a continuous boom with stable linear growth, as is seen from all the top results in all benchmarks.” Indeed, Interlift 2017 reached a multitude of milestones, including welcoming exhibitors and visitors that were 60% foreign and from a total of 114 nations, new Interlift records. Following host-country Germany, the top countries represented were Italy (14%), Spain (8%), France (7%), Switzerland (6%), the Netherlands (5%), Sweden (5%), the U.K. (5%), Greece (4%), Poland (4%) and Austria (3%). Continued

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Könicke

For Italian exhibitors, who have consistently made up the largest foreign exhibiting group at Interlift, the fair is crucial to their success, creating an allimportant gateway to world markets. Interlift 2017 saw nearly 100 Italian elevator companies represented, as well as the Italian associations ANICA (Italian elevator components association) and ANACAM (Italian elevator association). According to ANICA General Manager Dr. Silvia Piccione, this year’s event stood out: “Interlift 2017 was special. The organization was perfect; from the first to the last day, we had plenty of visitors who were all seriously interested in our products. Even the summery weather helped to spread the generally good atmosphere. We were particularly pleased with the VFA/ANICA event: it showed that Germany and Italy share the same market interests.” Though the most represented countries were European, China continues to grow its visitor and exhibitor numbers, investing in large standalone booths, along with the country’s joint booths. According to Zhang Lexiang, general secretary of the Chinese Elevator Association, these investments are paying off: “In my opinion, Interlift 2017 was a great success. The amount of exhibitors, exhibition area and professional visitors once again broke all records. The organization of the trade fair is highly professional. We will be back in Augsburg in 2019 with even more exhibitors and visitors, and hope that the Interlift will achieve even more success in two years’ time.” Italian and Chinese representatives were not alone in their praise of this year’s fair. Surveys taken during the exposition by Gelszus Trade Fair Market Research Agency showed positive results, with visitors pleased by the surprisingly warm weather and the excellent exhibitor selection. Exhibitors were pleased with the caliber of visitors to Interlift, most of whom were decisionmakers at their companies. Of those in attendance, 48% belonged to the lift construction sector and 25% to the maintenance and repair sector. Ninety-eight percent of Interlift attendees said, overall, they were very satisfied with their visit.

In response to the impressive survey outcomes, Könicke said: “Together with our partners, we are extremely pleased with the excellent trade fair results, in particular with deteriorating general conditions and protectionist tendencies in certain important markets. These are developments that are not exactly encouraging for international markets.” Despite the lingering questions regarding possible changes to some countries’ trade practices, Interlift’s many new records may be more indicative of the larger trends confirmed by fairgoers; surveys found most Interlift attendees saw the future development of the international elevator sector even more positively than they did two years ago, with 71% expecting improvement in the market. In consideration of the worldwide trend to urbanization, this vision is by no means utopian, according to AFAG. Over the fair’s four days, busy exhibitors promoted many new and updated products in their booths, including new versions of safety components, shaft and cabin doors, and controls and frequency converters. The question of saving energy has not been settled, and the topic of design was as open as ever, as was clear from the cabins displayed. Suppliers also displayed novelties such as fixtures, shaft cables, pulleys, wiring, guide shoes, oilers and spare parts. Companies with complete accessibility solutions showed a broad array of home and platform lifts, while emergency call-system providers demonstrated the latest options and capabilities of their products. According to the Gelszus survey, most visitors were interested in components, followed by elevator doors, controls and accessories. Monitoring and safety systems and elevator cabs were also of particular interest to attendees, as were hydraulic systems and gears. In addition to the exhibition, Interlift offered four full days of education in the VFA-Interlift Forum. Topics ranged from lift market and technology trends, to safety and codes and standards. The forum’s wide variety of speakers encompassed longtime industry experts, German business authorities and young entrepreneurs, all sharing the latest industry information, with an eye to the future. According to Achim Hütter, president of VFA-Interlift e.V., technical sponsor of Interlift, the forum was well received, welcoming more than 2,200 visitors, another new record.

Surveys found most Interlift attendees saw the future development of the international elevator sector even more positively than they did two years ago, with 71% expecting improvement in the market. (l-r) Dr. Peter Lauer, Achim Hütter, Dr. Peter Neven, Heiko Könicke, Michael Gubisch and Dr. Peter Berten

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In my opinion, Interlift 2017 was a great success. The amount of exhibitors, exhibition area and professional visitors once again broke all records.

— Zhang Lexiang, general secretary, China Elevator Association An ONYX complete elevator by LM Liftmaterial was installed in the middle of the Wittur Cube.

Occupying the Cube for the second time, the Wittur team took a break to gather for a picture.

With each new Interlift growth record comes the need for additional space for exhibitors and visitors. The event has traditionally spanned Messe Augsburg halls 1-7, but in 2015, the Cube and the Pavilion were added to help handle the growing crowds and exhibitors. These additions remained for 2017, with Wittur again occupying the Cube, and many exhibitors finding a home in the Pavilion. For the first time, the location of the Exhibitor Evening moved from hall 6 to the business area of the nearby WWK Arena soccer stadium, which could accommodate up to 1,500 guests. More than 600 comfortably attended the popular Exhibitor Evening this year and enjoyed the additional space and good food and service. Another change alleviated some of the fair’s parking congestion. AFAG ran three shuttle lines regularly between the WWK parking lot, Munich Airport and Augsburg Central Railway Station. And, a new, second fair entrance area constructed between halls 1 and 7 in 2015 further eased crowd flow with its digital admission system. According to Hütter, “Using the shuttle service to the parking area at the WWK Arena meant that for the first time, we could target both trade fair entrances, which led to a very noticeable improvement in spreading out the trade fair visitors.” Continued Product demonstrations like this one at the Micelet booth could be found all day throughout every hall. • Issue 1, Volume 11 • elevatorworldindia.com

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“

Interlift is the gateway to the international lift market, and the live situation is so important. We are here, offline, for four days at an event put on by professionals for professionals.

The popular Exhibitor Evening enjoyed a new, more spacious venue, the WWK Arena soccer stadium.

The jazz band entertained all during the Exhibitor Evening at WWK Arena.

— Heiko KĂśnicke, managing director, AFAG HĂźtter also noted that the generally good economic situation around the world ensured that both visitors and exhibitors were in the best frame of mind during the fair. “The only problem perceived in talking with industry professionals is the persistent lack of qualified personnel, which slows the boom somewhat,â€? he said. As AFAG and VFA look toward Interlift 2019, it is with a host of notes from 2017 and excited anticipation for how to top their biggest fair yet. Said AFAG Project Manager Joachim Kalsdorf: “This Interlift 2017 was quite simply sensational. Once again, it impressively underlined its position as the worldwide leading trade fair for the sector. For our key players, their motto is ‘Interlift first,’ and we have already been discussing possible enlargements to their stands for the future.â€? Preparations will begin soon for Interlift 2019, scheduled for October 15-18 in Augsburg. Check www.interlift.de for more đ&#x;Œ? information.   

The week opened with a press dinner at Die Tafeldecker.

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Events

NBC Workshop The National Building Code (NBC) is the topic of two days of important learning. by Sheetal Shelar Patil A two-day open house training workshop, “Understanding National Building Code (NBC) 2016,” was organized by Environmental Resources Management (ERM) on November 16-17, 2017, at Hotel Sahara Star in Mumbai as part of its EHS Excellence Training Series. ERM is a global provider of environmental, health, safety, risk, social and sustainability consulting services. The workshop trainer was ERM Consultant Dipil Kumar Vasu, a safetymanagement specialist certified by The Board of Certified Safety Professionals in the U.S. Sharing his insights about the event and its relevance, Vasu said the: “NBC is a comprehensive building code that provides guidelines for regulating building construction activities across India. Thus, NBC is applicable to all the agencies in India, be it private or regulatory construction agencies like the Public Works Department (PWD) or any private builder. The code was first published in 1970 at the insistance of the Planning Commission and then first revised in 1983. Thereafter, three major amendments were issued to the 1983 version: two in 1987 and the third in 1997. The second revision of the code was in 2005, to which two amendments were issued in 2015. The third and the most updated revision of the code was released in March 2017.” Regarding the aspects focused upon during the workshop, he explained: “NBC 2016 has 13 parts. Our two-day workshop focused on Part 4, which is ‘Fire and Life Safety of NBC.’ Part 4 is categorized and divided into three parts: ‘Fire Prevention,’ ‘Life Safety’ and ‘Fire Protection.’ Key abstracts from ‘Part 8 - Building Services: Section 2 – Electrical and Allied Installations’ and ‘Section 5 A – Lifts’ and ‘Part 3 - Development Control

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Rules and General Building Requirements: Requirements for Elders and Persons with Disabilities’ were also covered during the two-day workshop. On April 2017, the Ministry of Home Affairs, Directorate General Fire Service, Civil Defense and Home Guards advised all chief secretaries of states to incorporate fire-safety measures as prescribed in the NBC of India, Part 4 in their respective state fire service act. The respective states started to issue necessary directions to follow Part 4 of NBC 2016. For example, on May 2017, the Maharashtra Fire Department issued directions to follow Part 4 of NBC 2016. “Under Part 4 of NBC, there are different types of occupancies mentioned, from Group A to Group J; so, there are nine types of classifications. Our workshop focused on Group E (business buildings) and Group G (industrial buildings). This is the second time we conducted such a workshop; the first workshop was organized in Bengaluru, which witnessed attendance from 22 personnel representing cross-functional backgrounds. The workshop in Mumbai was attended by 19 delegates from various organizations such as Trent Ltd., Cipla, Endurance Technologies, Monsanto Holding, Tata Housing Development Co., Mondelez India Foods, Bayer Vapi, Toyota A reliable alternative Kirloskar Motor, Zydus Hospira Oncology, Tata source of power supply Realty and Infrastructure, should be provided for Tata Motors, Grundfos Pumps and Brahmaputra all fireman lifts through Cracker & Polymer. As a manually/ NBC 2016 is a new standard in the market, automatically operated people are not familiar changeover switch. with the new requirements


Dipil Kumar Vasu, ERM consultant (seventh from left), with workshop participants.

and how to comply with the same. During our fire and life-safety assessments across various industries, some of our clients requested us to provide training on NBC, and that’s how this workshop originated.”

Use of Lifts in Fire: Key Takeaways In case stairways serving fire floor(s) above are unusable due to contamination or cut off by fire and/or smoke, or if several floors above the fire involve many occupants who must be evacuated, the lifts servicing the fire floor shall not be used. Lifts can be used in the event of fire in the case (unless otherwise directed): ♦♦ They do not service the fire floor and their shafts have no openings on the fire floor ♦♦ There is more than one bank of lifts, and the fire warden is informed from the fire command center that one bank is unaffected by the fire ♦♦ They are manned by trained building personnel or firemen Additional requirements for high rises (building 15 m or taller, irrespective of occupancy): ♦♦ One firefighting shaft shall be planned for each residential building/tower; in an educational building/block; and for each compartment of institutional, assembly, business and mercantile occupancy types. ♦♦ A firefighting shaft is an enclosed shaft having a protected area of 120 minimum resistance rating composed of a protected lobby, staircase and fireman lift, connected directly to an exit

discharge or through an exit passageway (fire-resistant wall also rated at 120, minimum) to exit discharge. ♦♦ It shall also serve the purpose of the exit requirement/strategy for the occupants. ♦♦ The respective floors shall be approachable from firefighting shafts, enabling the firefighters to access the floor and assist in evacuation through the firefighter’s lift. ♦♦ A firefighting shaft provides the fire-and-rescue service with a safe area from which to undertake firefighting and rescue operations. ♦♦ It shall be equipped with 120-mm-thick fire doors. ♦♦ The firefighting shaft shall be equipped with firemen talkback, a wet riser and a landing valve in its lobby to assist firefighters fighting fire. The following requirements are applicable to all lifts provided in buildings taller than 15 m: ♦♦ Lifts shall be designed according to Indian Standard 14665. ♦♦ The lift shaft shall have a vent at the top with area not less than 0.2 m2 per lift. ♦♦ Lift landing doors shall be imperforate. Collapsible doors shall not be permitted. It shall have a minimum fire resistance rating of 60 min. ♦♦ Lift car doors shall be imperforate. Collapsible car doors shall not be permitted. ♦♦ Telephone or other communication facilities shall be provided in the lift car and the lift main lobby. Continued

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♦♦ The lift communication system shall also be connected to the fire-control room of the building, if provided. ♦♦ All lifts shall be provided with Phase I operation (grounding operation) requirements. ♦♦ The grounding operation may be initiated by individual switches for lifts; a common switch for a group of lifts; or by a signal from the fire alarm system of the building, if available. ♦♦ The number of required fireman lifts and their locations in a building will vary depending on the size, design and complexity of the building. ♦♦ There shall be at least one fireman lift per building. ♦♦ If there are multiple wings in the building, there shall be at least one fireman lift per wing. ♦♦ If there are multiple banks of lifts in the building, there shall be at least one fireman lift per bank of lifts. ♦♦ If the building height is up to 60 m, it is zoned by height, and it does not have a single fireman lift serving every floor of the building, there shall be at least one fireman lift per zone. ♦♦ Considering all of the above, the fireman lift(s) shall be identified on the building plan and duly displayed in the fire command center. ♦♦ The fireman lift may be used by the occupants in normal times. ♦♦ The fireman lift shall be provided with a fireman switch. The switch shall be a two-position (on/off ) switch fixed at the evacuation floor (normally, main entrance floor) for enabling the lift to be put into fireman mode. The switch shall be situated in a glass-fronted box with a suitable label and fixed adjacent to the lift at the entrance level. ♦♦ The fireman lift shall have a floor area of 1.43 m2, minimum. It shall have loading capacity of not less than 544 kg (eight persons). ♦♦ The fireman lift shall be provided with power operated (automatic) doors of 0.8 m width, minimum. ♦♦ The speed of the fireman lift shall be 1 mps or more, such that it can reach the top floor from the main floor/firefighter access level within 1 min. ♦♦ In case the building is zoned, the fireman lift shall operate from the lowest to the topmost served landing in 1 min. ♦♦ A reliable alternative source of power supply should be provided for all fireman lifts through a manually/automatically operated changeover switch. ♦♦ The route of wiring shall be safe from fire. ♦♦ Suitable arrangements, such as providing slope in the floor of the lift lobby, shall be made at all the landings to prevent water used during firefighting from entering the lift shafts. ♦♦ The words “Fireman Lift” shall be conspicuously displayed in fluorescent paint on the fireman lift landing. ♦♦ Fireman lifts shall be provided with Phase I and Phase II operational controls. Phase I — return to evacuation floor: ♦♦ Shall start when the fireman switch at the evacuation floor (normally main entrance floor) is turned to the on position, or the signal from the smoke detector (if provided by the building management system [BMS]) is on. All lifts controlled by this switch shall cancel all existing car calls and separate from landing calls, and no landing or car calls shall be registered. ♦♦ The audio/visual signal shall be turned on.

Continued

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♌♌ All heat- and smoke-sensitive door reopening devices shall be rendered inoperative. ♌♌ If the lift is traveling toward the evacuation floor, it shall continue driving to that floor. ♌♌ If the lift is traveling away from the evacuation floor, it shall reverse its direction at the nearest possible floor without opening its doors and return nonstop to the evacuation floor. ♌♌ If the lift is standing at a floor other than the evacuation floor, it shall close the doors and start traveling nonstop to the evacuation floor. ♌♌ When at the evacuation floor, the lift shall park with its doors open. Phase II — operation of the lift: ♌♌ Phase II is started after Phase I if the fireman switch is on. ♌♌ The lift does not respond to landing calls but registers car calls. All heat- and smoke-sensitive door reopening devices are rendered inoperative. ♌♌ When the car call button is pressed, the doors start closing. If the button is released before the doors are fully closed, they reopen. ♌♌ The car call is registered only when the doors are fully closed. ♌♌ After registering a car call, the lift starts moving to the call. If more than one car call is registered, only the nearest call is answered, and the remaining calls will be cancelled. ♌♌ At the floor, the doors are opened by pushing the door-open button. If the button is released before the doors are fully open, they reclose. ♌♌ The lift returns to normal service when it stands at the evacuation floor with doors open, and the switch is turned off thereafter. ♌♌ The operation of the fireman lift shall be by means of a full set of push buttons in the car. Other operating systems shall be rendered inoperative. Fireman lift — for buildings 60 m and taller: ♌♌ The fireman lift shall have a loading capacity of not less than 1000 kg and floor area not less than 2.35 m2. ♌♌ Electrical equipment within the fireman lift hoistway and on the car, located within 1 m of any wall containing a landing door, shall be protected from dripping and splashing water, or provided with enclosures classified to at least IPX3, i.e., IS/IEC 60529-2001: Degrees of Protection Provided by Enclosures (IP Code). ♌♌ Means to prevent the water level in the pit from reaching the equipment, which could create a malfunction of the fireman lift, shall be provided. ♌♌ An alternative source of power supply shall be provided for all fireman lifts through an automatically operated changeover switch. In case of failure of the normal electric supply, it shall automatically trip over to alternative supply. ♌♌ The route of wiring shall be safe from fire. ♌♌ CCTV cameras shall be fixed in lift lobbies, and the display screen(s) shall be placed in the fire command center or BMS room. Prerequisites to using lifts for evacuation in case of fire: ♌♌ To ensure the safety of users and lift equipment, the lift machine room, hoistway (including lift pit and overhead areas) and

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landing areas shall be provided with means to detect and monitor for the presence of smoke and heat. ♌♌ When an unsafe temperature or presence of smoke is detected, the information should be sent to the BMS or fire control center (FCC). ♌♌ The BMS or FCC should determine what is to be done next and send appropriate signals to the lift: for example, remove the lift from service at floor X with doors parked open or closed as required. ♌♌ Secondary (emergency) power shall be provided that has sufficient capacity to run all the evacuation lifts at full speed for the required evacuation time. ♌♌ The route of the cabling shall be safe from fire. Operational decisions for evacuation: ♌♌ When evacuation is required, updated information shall be provided through the building systems informing persons concerned, including those in waiting areas, which lifts to use during the particular emergency. This information shall be in both audible and visual format. ♌♌ Any safe areas/waiting areas should also have an emergency communication system. ♌♌ Remote lift car surveillance. ♌♌ A means to display the entire floor area of the car shall be provided, with information to the occupants that the lift car is under surveillance. ♌♌ At least one viewing terminal shall be located in the FCC and clearly marked “Lift Car Surveillanceâ€? with the lift designation identified. Communication-system requirements: ♌♌ As a minimum, a three-way communication system shall be available for passenger use to permit direct communications between the lift car and safe area and FCC. ♌♌ Operation of the communication device in the lift car shall be simply by means of a single button, operation of which shall connect the system to the FCC. ♌♌ Further operation of the device in the lift car shall be hands free. Evacuation lift information to be provided to the building owner: ♌♌ Detailed instructions shall be provided to the building operator by the building designer in the form of a manual. ♌♌ The manual shall explain the evacuation strategies to be used, how any detection systems operate, how they shall be maintained and how the lift will operate on evacuation service. ♌♌ The manual should also provide advice on periodic checks the owner can make to ensure the system is working correctly and explain the importance of a suitable testing and maintenance system being in place. ♌♌ Training being a very important aspect of this new concept, the manual shall include such details as who should be covered by training, how the training should be carried out, training frequency, etc.   đ&#x;Œ?


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Readers Platform

Maharashtra Passes Lifts, Escalators and Moving Walks Act Looking at the implications for a variety of stakeholders by Yash Pandya

The Consultant Perspective Amit Maitra, managing director, Lerch Bates, noted that cities are growing and, as they grow, land comes under a constraint. “Obviously, the only way to accommodate more and more people is to build taller buildings. You have to go vertical, and this is happening all around the world. The other thing, of course, is the national government’s ‘Smart Cities’ program, as well as its plan of ‘Housing for All by 2022.’ So, obviously as the smaller towns grow and evolve into so-called ‘smart cities,’ India will have more and more new developments coming up. “The other thing we are beginning to see is the concept of low-cost accommodation, or affordable housing. This is a segment every developer is getting into, mainly because of the availability of government subsidies. For this reason, we will continue to see a trend toward taller buildings. Our company is already working on several affordable-housing projects around the country in which the buildings rise 12 floors, but we’re starting to see these kinds of projects rising 18-32 floors outside the cities. This is a very good trend. “As the buildings go taller, it is important to ensure that the vertical transportation (VT) in the buildings is adequate, especially as there are up to 12 apartments per floor. If you don’t have an adequate number of lifts, it’s going to be similar to what the Slum Rehabilitation Maitra

Proposing a new legislation or update is one thing, and approving a draft for discussion is quite another. Passing it is a different proposition altogether. Running through all three stages within a single quarter is nothing short of a miracle, more so for a subject that is highly technical in nature. When the Maharashtra Lifts, Escalators and Moving Walks bill was proposed, and a draft was approved for discussion in November 2017, the initial reaction was to schedule coverage for the 2nd Quarter 2018 issue of ELEVATOR WORLD India. After all, we were just a month away from finalizing this issue, and who would expect the state assembly to quickly reach a consensus, anyway? But, in a total break from conventional wisdom, it did just that. According to news reports, the new bill passed the assembly without discussion and was scheduled to be sent to the Council on the last day of the winter session. In a scenario where the Maharashtra Lifts Act 1939 had not been amended for 78 years and was woefully outdated to cope with the spurt in high rises, it was indeed a long overdue move. Most importantly, since it includes escalators and moving walks, which were not covered under the existing act, it is definitely a step in the right direction. While the actual bill was not immediately available for industry experts and stakeholders to browse through and comment upon in detail, the fact that the state assembly passed the Maharashtra Lifts, Escalators and Moving Walks bill on December 21, 2017, during the winter session at Nagpur was news enough for us to seek initial reactions.

Continued

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Authority (SRA) is doing. It’s packing in 12, 15 and 18 small (260- or 300-sq.-ft.) tenement-type apartments per floor but not providing enough lifts, leading to long waits and even fights. It may save the developer some money, but it’s not a good thing to do. Buildings have to have a reasonable amount of VT so that people can move. “Building heights are often limited in key cities like Mumbai and Pune, usually in response to the needs of civil aviation. In Mumbai, the limit is 300 m, while in Pune, it’s only 100 m. To fill the needs, buildings should be allowed to go tall, but the surrounding infrastructure — such as roads and parking — needs to be adequately addressed. There’s no point in building tall if you don’t consider the infrastructure needs. Today, families tend to have more cars, and there’s the issue of access to the building. “Updated laws regarding elevators, escalators and moving walks have long been needed, so it is a very good thing that it happened, but they must be properly implemented, or the effort becomes a mockery. It’s a good sign to see that there are more inspectors, but we need even more. We should allow private bodies, like consultants and other qualified people, to take on these roles to speed up the process.

The Project-Manager Perspective Deben Moza, joint CEO and executive director of Project Management Services, Knight Frank India, said replacing the old law with a new one that includes escalators and moving walks is a positive move by the Maharashtra government. “The 1939 Act is outdated. With the introduction of escalators and moving walkways, it made no sense to limit regulation to just elevators. The new act will make it mandatory for the third-party insurance to cover risks to passengers. Ideally, this should have been a central act instead of a state subject, where each state has its own act. “Most multinational companies have been following international standards for their products and, despite a lack of regulation, make no compromises. The act will affect them, however, because it will make it mandatory for them to renew their licenses every year. Additionally, buildings will have to meet new requirements when they upgrade or change their existing equipment. “In comparison to the past, when it was unusual to have anything taller than four stories, we now have high-rise towers that depend on VT, so it is becoming important for authorities to ensure there are no disasters. To ensure safety, there must be a uniform code of standards. For this reason, VT regulations should be enacted on the central, rather than state, level.” Moza

Shetty

Advocate Sushant Shetty, Group Head — Real Estate & Infrastructure Fox Mandal, explains that the Real Estate (Regulation and Development) Act of 2016 (RERA) seeks to protect the interests of flat purchasers through transparency and efficiency in the construction and execution of real-estate projects, inter alia, by making the promoters responsible for providing the disclosed fixtures, fittings, amenities and common areas. RERA stipulates that after the nature of the fixtures, fittings, amenities and common areas, including the nature, number and brand of elevators, as approved by the competent authority, are disclosed or furnished to the flat purchasers, the promoter shall not make any alterations or additions to the same without the previous written consent of at least two-thirds of the flat purchasers. In case any defect in workmanship, quality or provision of services is brought to the notice of the promoter by the flat purchaser within a period of five years of the date of handing over possession, it shall be the duty of the promoter to rectify such defects without further charge, within 30 days, and in the event of the promoter’s failure to rectify such defects within such time, the aggrieved flat purchasers shall be entitled to receive appropriate compensation in the manner as provided under RERA.

The Architect Perspective Manoj Daisaria is principal architect of Daisaria Associates, one of the top liaison architects in the country and recognized by the Maharashtra Housing Area Development Authority as a Category A Project Management Consultant. Daisaria points out that in an agglomeration like Mumbai, which exists on a cramped land expanse and limping infrastructure, growth has entered the era of vertical development: “There are more than 4,000 high rises in the Mumbai Metropolitan Region, and 2,000 more coming up, making it essential to address the issues of Mumbai as a ‘skyscraper city.’ “Vertical development is taking place because plots are smaller, and their potential for development is high [due to various schemes.] Also, transfer of development rights implications lead to higher potential of land, incentivizing the addition of floors to developments. Further, DCR mandate a minimum recreational space on the ground or podium, restricting horizontal development on the plot. “High rises in many suburbs of Mumbai are held up due to height restrictions enumerated by local authorities in view of Daisaria

Current RERA Implications

“Implementation of the Goods and Services Tax (GST) in the construction industry is a must; otherwise, the buyers will not get protection. And the Real Estate (Regulation and Development) Act (RERA) is an excellent law that will protect real-estate purchasers.”

Continued

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Key Highlights of the Maharashtra Lifts, Escalators and Moving Walkways Act of 2017 ♦♦ The bill will ensure that people who use escalators and elevators will be covered under third-party insurance obtained by the owner to compensate for accident injuries. ♦♦ The lift or escalator company may be held liable, prosecuted and punished for accidents that occur in the lift or escalator due to malfunctioning of any safety provision. ♦♦ Licenses for vertical transportation equipment are limited to 20 years. ♦♦ The bill makes it mandatory for buildings that have escalators to obtain a license in retrospect. ♦♦ It would be mandatory to receive permission before making changes in the capacity of lifts and escalators.

60 years ago. The new law will now consider technological advancements, new products, machinery, mechanisms, tighter safety protocols, etc. “While there are standards issued by the Bureau of Indian Standards, these serve as guidelines and are only mandatory if enacted by state legislation. Examples of such states [are] Kerala, Karnataka, Haryana and Tamil Nadu. In addition, six other states have enacted their own lift acts and rules, but these are mandatory in those states only. When the law is enacted in Maharashtra, the standards will cover a large section of the elevator, escalator and [moving walk] market, which is a welcome move. “Once the Maharashtra law is enacted, the standards will be governed by the Indian Standard (IS) code, which will bring two benefits: first, IS codes are constantly updated, which means all units will have to be up to date constantly on new and current standards; and, secondly, the IS code is aligned to the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) code, which is overseen by the governing international code body. This means that all units will eventually be on par with international quality and safety mechanisms. This boosts the safety of not only the riding public, but of mechanics, as well.”

The Developer Perspective

The OEM Perspective Otis India’s viewpoint, shared while the draft law was approved for discussion, was as follows: “Otis has long been an advocate of tightening regulations to include safety requirements in all states and championed the cause of having a unified code standard across all states. Otis India, therefore, applauds this move. Considering the rate of continuing urbanization, and, with it, the proliferation of escalators and [moving walks], it is imperative that the law includes these building-transportation systems. This is even more important, because the larger public is exposed to these travel mechanisms. Much has changed since the original law was enacted more than

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Raj Gala Shah, Partner, Zara Habitats, notes that it has been said, “God doesn’t make land anymore,” and Mumbai has long known this. He continued: “Because of this, developers have chosen to grow their buildings vertically to accommodate a city population that seems to be bursting at its seams. The growth of the past decade has seen this trend in major cities of Maharashtra, with every new development seemingly touching the sky, making residents feel they are living the high life and leaving more open space for other amenities at ground level. “However, various cities have a restriction on the height of the buildings, depending upon the administration’s available infrastructure. For instance, in Mumbai, the airport and its funnel zone determine the height of the buildings so as not to obstruct flight paths. In cities like Nashik, buildings can only go up 12 stories, since the city isn’t well equipped to deal with fire and other emergencies. “Compared to other global regions, we lag behind in terms of vertical growth, but we need to upgrade our infrastructure to support global-level development. It’s also our outdated and conservative floor-space-index (FSI) norms that restrict the number of floors, in terms of total floor space that can be built on a given plot. “It has been said that necessity is the mother of invention, but it seems, in our case, the necessities have failed to generate any innovation in either the FSI norms or infrastructure development. This lack of innovation has given rise to illegalities, which often lead to drastic amnesty schemes to be designed. “Two of the most important areas where we need better planning are roads and drainage. Once these are improved to a Shah

aviation pathways. As Mumbai is one of the few cities with its airport in the heart of the urban development, the runway funnels have a stupendous impact on the vertical profile of the buildings. “Interested parties should incorporate efficient planning guidelines (in terms of pedestrian traffic regulations) to decide on the number, size and speed of elevators needed. “Bigger elevators do not translate into more efficient movement; this depends on the speed and quality of the elevator. Hence, it is imperative that specific company guidelines are maintained for elevators. “With RERA in place, it is crucial for the developer to declare the floor plans and tenement sizes of his project on the official website, which also means that the core planning needs to be finalized well in advance. (This includes accurate elevator sizes and their efficiency.) “It is also imperative that efficient design is not limited to the elevators, but extends to the space around the floor landings or lobbies. These spaces should be designed as efficient transit corridors, instead of dormant passageways.”


world-class level (and by keeping in mind the next 100 years of growth), we can think of creating structures that are mammoth in terms of height and width. “Over the years, a growing number of commercial buildings has brought ever-greater use of escalators and moving walks, but the Maharashtra Lift Act of 1939 did not cover these, which led to the installation of these machines without any safety or quality standards, thereby exposing riders to danger. “The government has, thankfully, formed a committee made up of officials from the state energy department’s lift inspection division, elevator manufacturers, contractors and other stakeholders to finalize strategies on reducing elevator-related accidents. The proposed law, the Maharashtra Lift, Escalators and Moving Walkways Act of 2017, will replace the existing Maharashtra Lift Act of 1939. “All institutions that install or operate these systems must have third-party insurance to compensate riders injured on them. The new draft has taken into consideration all the common problems, and includes provisions related to overloading and automatic rescue devices. “To avoid the use of outdated machines, the draft law also states that the license of the machines will be for a period of 20 years, which ensures that there would be an upgrade required to the latest lift, escalator or moving walk after every such period. This will ensure energy efficiency and safety. “It is yet to be seen if the law will place the onus of getting all permissions, from installation to commissioning, on the developer or the lift company. It would be prudent if the same is fixed on the lift agency, since it will ensure that all norms are met and there are no compromises on safety. After commissioning, however, the onus should rest purely on the developer or building owner, under threat of penal action for lack of maintenance. “Also, all lifts should be required to act as fire lifts, irrespective of the number of passengers they carry. At the moment, only those lifts that carry more than eight passengers are designated as fire lifts. A compulsory lift attendant should be appointed to avoid misuse or rough use of lifts, a situation that leads to repeated dangers to passengers. There also should be a provision to compulsorily review the act every five years to keep pace with the dynamic growth Maharashtra is experiencing.”

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Maintenance

New Life for Hydraulic Elevators Oil-testing technology increases component longevity and cuts costs for service contractors. by Frank Fletcher With the introduction of the machine-roomhydraulic elevator costs about 25-30% less per less (MRL) traction elevator came predictions of year, when compared to a traction elevator, the demise of the hydraulic elevator, but these for “full maintenance” service. forecasts have yet to come to pass. In fact, the The Service Contractor’s View hydraulic elevator is again beginning to thrive in A maintenance service program for a the U.S. market. Hydraulic elevators are still hydraulic elevator may not look so good from the viewed by many within the industry as the best service contractor’s point of view. Even if the selection for many buildings, and in most contractor receives an increase in the service applications requiring travel of 50 feet or less, the price each year, the aging equipment, hydraulic elevator will perform as well as a deterioration of the oil and need for frequent traction elevator. parts replacement causes increased call-back and With new cylinder and well hole designs, repair time. This cycle begins to erode the profit today’s hydraulic elevator is expected to last margin of the contractor, not to mention the longer than ever. The environmental risks and customer’s level of trust and satisfaction. concerns are lessened with the encapsulation of Whether hydraulic or traction, call-back the cylinder and the use of a cylinder liner and maintenance has become an additional revenue bulkhead. The initial construction cost is less stream for the contractor if call-backs are not than an MRL alternative, and operating costs are covered by the service contract or if billed to the lower than what might be expected. customer. To some contractors, increased Developers whose projects are candidates for unscheduled call-back time is not an additional hydraulic elevators should consider several cost labor cost, because the route mechanic is factors when weighing whether to use traction or expected to complete the route service along hydraulic equipment: with call-backs responded to during the month. ♦♦ Initial cost: a conventional hydraulic elevator To meet the demand of service calls on the route, installation sells for about 35% less than the the contractor has to allow sufficient time for competing MRL traction elevator. servicing the elevator. This concept results in ♦♦ Energy consumption: the pump motor in a frustrated mechanics and added revenue for the hydraulic elevator is only energized when the company, because the company still receives car is running in the up direction. When the payment from the customer. However, there are car is running in the down direction, only the negatives hidden in the low-voltage solenoid form of opportunity costs valve is energized, An aggressive oil testing to the owner and which uses very little contractor. What is this and reclamation program energy. doing to the contractor’s ♦♦ Preventive for hydraulic-elevator overall reputation? What maintenance: hydraulic about the degradation of refurbishment is destined elevators are usually the equipment? These are less costly to maintain. to become the industry real costs: A typical four-stop

standard in the near future.

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Continued


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53


Decomposition of muffler disintegration from oil migrating into the operating valve

Sludge/varnish deposited on inside of a tank and also present in the operating valve

Vegetable oil residue (sludge)

Vegetable oil residue (sludge)

♦♦ Litigation cost: under the call-back service program noted above, how many liability claims will the contractor be forced to defend regarding improper operation of the elevator? The call-back maintenance methodology has resulted in increased litigation and liability insurance costs for the contractor and industry. ♦♦ Maintenance control plan (MCP): this is a program modeled after automobile and aviation service standards. There are many new service technology ideas for keeping an elevator in top operating condition, so how do we deliver these to the customer? The issue is delivering adequate service time to perform the proper maintenance protocols. The code regarding MCPs in ASME A.17.1-2013 is emerging as the new standard for prescribed elevator maintenance. The program includes the details for each service task to be performed, and is available for both owner and contractor. ♦♦ Points to ponder: how much more effective could a technician be when servicing accounts with fewer call-back interruptions? How much better-quality effort could be delivered to the customer when a service visit takes place? How would the public perception of the service contractor be with its fleet of elevators operating efficiently, and without noise, leveling and reliability issues? How predictable would the replacement of

parts be? Accurate predictions would result in more efficient and reliable uptime. Would reliability command a premium service price in most hydraulic and traction markets? The MCP program can produce a higher level of customer satisfaction. The contractors who are looking for 10, 20 or more years — or “lifetime” contracts — can realistically offer this custom service program to premium clients. ♦♦ New ideas for hydraulic elevators: when it comes to hydraulic elevators, there is one service-method technology for which the industry is beginning to find acceptance: the preservation of hydraulic oil by using periodic oil testing, analysis and filtration. The thing to understand is that aging and degradation of hydraulic oil creates havoc within the hydraulic system. Managing the quality of the oil helps control several variables affecting the total hydraulic cost equation. The greatest consumer of oil has been the internal combustion engine, and this is where most of the oil conservation efforts are concentrated. The efforts resulted in a significant savings of oil, along with the added benefit of cleaner air for the environment. After the oil industry and science addressed the automotive industry, more challenging applications were confronted. The aviation, marine, industrial, power-transmission and turbine industries were subjected to close analysis. One by one, the

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Continued


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standards and usage for these industries were examined and refined. When looking at the common oil usage in the above applications, we arrive at some basic understanding and functions of oil: ♦♦ Lubrication: reduction of friction in moving parts, thereby extending the life of those parts ♦♦ Transfer of heat, keeping moving parts cool ♦♦ Transmitting force, such as that used in a hydraulic system for power-assisted mechanical equipment ♦♦ Providing dielectric strength: normally used in electric powertransmission equipment ♦♦ Preventing corrosion: example: cleaning and oiling weapons during military service A reduction in the volume of oil in a system has minimal effect on all of these, except “transfer of heat” and “transmitting force.” Since the early 1960s, most transportation, industrial, marine, aviation, power-transmission and turbine equipment has had the benefit of operating with more-efficient hydraulic-system designs employing less oil and higher pressures. Owners and managers have been compelled to improve the quality of maintenance programs to keep equipment operating efficiently and protect capital investment. Oil testing and analysis programs were developed to determine the relationship between wear on the equipment and degradation of the oil. The research revealed that oil really does not wear out. It oxidizes and becomes contaminated with impurities, and creates organic compounds — namely, acids and sludge material. The acids formed are, most commonly, acetic, formic and other long-chain acids. This contamination in the oil attacks the interior workings of the hydraulic system. Sludge reduces the heat-dissipation properties of the system and further accelerates the acidic reaction within the oil. An estimate of the degradation of the subject system can be developed by examining impurities and oxidation byproducts. Additionally, oil analysis helps identify system components’ degradation and other wear resulting from the contamination. Once the analysis is completed, impurities in the system can be filtered and removed, spent additives and oxidation inhibitors can be reintroduced, and voila! A new batch of oil is ready to load for another lifecycle, and, importantly, the testing results provide a baseline diagnosis of the health of the equipment for future reference.

The Elevator Industry Oil-testing technology has finally arrived at the elevator trade. In this conservative industry, technology typically lags 10-15 years behind other industries. Given the reliability required to keep the riding public safe, new technologies are introduced only after being thoroughly studied. To control costs and reduce space, elevator manufacturers have begun designing hydraulic power units that operate at high pressures with reduced quantities of oil. The result of these designs is that the hydraulic system must work harder to remove heat, transmit force and lubricate components in the system. With these three factors coming into play, hydraulic systems are frequently showing premature signs of oil aging, contamination and degradation.

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Maintaining the proper operating temperature of oil is critical, because the main catalyst that starts and speeds the aging process is elevated operating temperatures. One manufacturer has produced a chart showing that the operating temperature of its power unit should not exceed 185°F. Moisture from atmospheric condensation presents another problem for hydraulic elevators, not only because it can accelerate the aging of the oil, but also because of other problems. But, nothing creates deterioration of hydraulic oil faster than oxygen combined with excessive heat in the system. Over time, hydraulic oil will mix with oxygen in the atmosphere and begin to form organic acids. In electrical power-transmission equipment, the oxygen degradation process is slowed by pressurizing the oil tanks with a blanket of dry nitrogen gas. Elevator oil reservoirs, however, are not pressure sealed, so they allow oxygen to mix with the hydraulic oil in the reservoir. This causes oxidation of the oil, which creates acids that attack the hydraulic system’s flexible seals. Whether synthetic or natural rubber, seals exposed to these acids lose their flexibility and become brittle. The acids also create rust on metal components in the system, and the sludge acts as insulation, thereby reducing the heat dissipation of the reservoir holding tank. The contamination corrodes pump and valve components, which leads to micro pitting of milled and polished metal surfaces and, thus, reduced lubricating properties of the oil. Sludge will hold water suspended in the oil, which also degrades the oil. This water is not observable as free water in the system; rather, it is dissolved in a colloidal suspension within the oil itself. This water can present a ride-quality issue, such as “sponginess” or bouncing of the car. Hydraulic-oil contamination can consist of rubber particles, acid, rust, sludge, varnish, water and oxygen. But, how often do these contamination issues result in frequent leveling and operational problems? How often is blame wrongly placed on the operating valve? How many times will a contractor replace the valve or make repeated call-backs trying to adjust the valve, unaware the real cause is the contaminated oil varnish and particulate matter in the valve body? And, finally, what about the cylinder packing replacements and flooded oil in the pits? Hydraulic systems, if properly maintained, monitored and serviced and operating at a moderate temperature (say, 95°F) and with motor protection, should operate reliably for 30-50 years with no major components needing replacement.

Oil Management A good hydraulic-oil testing and reclamation program can make the equipment last longer and perform more efficiently. This, in turn, will help control the maintenance contractor’s labor and parts overhead, while keeping the equipment properly maintained. When a hydraulic elevator system is properly serviced and its oil preserved, it theoretically should remain intact, except for minor repairs. In a typical hydraulic elevator installed today, we might replace the controller and minor components in 15-25 years. The pump motor, when protected with an electronic soft starter, should last for 15-25 years or longer without a major incident, depending on usage. Using clean, filtered, uncontaminated oil should allow the main hydraulic control valve to withstand 25 years and Continued


• Issue 1, Volume 11 • elevatorworldindia.com

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countless cycles of use. In-ground hydraulic cylinders enclosed in a protective PVC sleeve and isolated from corrosion and electrolysis, oxidation and groundwater contamination will also contribute to system longevity. The hydraulic system can provide reliable service well beyond 25 years. We might go further and ask, how long would a hydraulic elevator last if the door system hardware were also properly maintained and repaired, along with the hydraulic system and controller? Could it go 25, 50, even 75 years? Why not? Regular visits by a technician following an MCP (which is, in truth, an asset-management plan) should allow the service contractor to calculate a predictable component failure rate and schedule replacement plans that reduce faulty operation and possible litigation. Improved reliability and predictability will also provide more consistency and profit margins. In short, a lifetime service program that is mutually successful for the buyer and seller.

Conclusion

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In summary, an aggressive oil testing and reclamation program for hydraulic-elevator refurbishment is destined to become the industry standard in the near future. The cost factors as presented here, combined with an elevation of the contractor’s reputation, make it an attractive methodology. The service price/profit motive of this technology in the elevator industry will become more accepted as industry education and acceptance by the trades take place. Energy savings and minimal space requirements are often the driving point for the purchase of a traction elevator. These are often considered without being properly compared with the initial construction prices and continuing service program costs that should be factored into the equation. The overall financial benefit of the hydraulic elevator can add up to a significant amount over the long term. It would seem that the demise of the hydraulic elevator has been greatly exaggerated. Frank Fletcher is an elevator consultant and project manager with JSG Elevator Consultants of San Jose, California, and previously worked with thyssenkrupp Elevator and KONE. He is a member of the Northern California Elevator Industry Group, NAESA International and the American Society of Mechanical Engineers.

References [1] “Pitfalls Lube Oils Hydraulic Fluids in Heat Transfer Systems,” (Paratherm. com). [2] William Stofey. “Reclaiming Hydraulic Oil Eliminates Disposal Problems,” Hydraulics and Pneumatics. [3] S.D. Meyers Inc., Transformer Consultants [4] S.D. Myers, J.J. Kelly, R.H. Parrish, E.L. Raab A Guide to Transformer Maintenance. [5] Michael Johnson, The Gorman Co. [6] Roy Kennedy, Linden Elevator Specialties, Inc.

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Product Spolight

Low-Rise Access Home elevator kit eliminates barriers.

by Yash Pandya Elevators in India are common in structures of six floors and above, but, until recently, people residing in lower multistory structures or responding to medical emergencies in such buildings were forced to make cumbersome treks up the stairs to higher floors. Meanwhile, the disabled just had to accept that such structures were not designed with their access needs in mind. Things have changed in recent years, however, and developers are now encouraging architects to include elevators in their designs, even for bungalows and row houses. Facilitating the trend are companies that manufacture elevators for private residences. One such company, Piconorm, offers an innovative mechanical kit for home elevators. This compact electrical system from Germany has no counterweight or machine room. The Piconorm mechanical kit can be installed in 7 hr. or less, with a complete two-stop elevator ready for use in two days. The system is silent and 100% ecologically friendly. It allows installation with very shallow pits (80 mm), low headroom (2.4 m) and with only 200 mm of space between the wall and the cabin. Piconorm offers its product with or without Continued

A Piconorm home two-stop elevator can be installed and ready for use within two days.

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ELEVATOR WORLD India • 1st Quarter 2018 •


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ISO 9001:2015 CERTIFIED • Issue 1, Volume 11 • elevatorworldindia.com 61


Compliance The kit complies with the applicable provisions of the European Machine Directive, the EC type test and the requirements of EC testing per: ♌♌ Machine Directive 2006/42/CE ♌♌ Low Voltage Directive 2006/95/CE ♌♌ EMC Directive 2004/42108/CE ♌♌ EN 81-41:2010

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ELEVATOR WORLD India • 1st Quarter 2018 •

controllers from New Lift, one of the main manufacturers of controllers in Germany. The market for home lifts is booming for several reasons, not the least of which is the country’s aging population. While new construction increasingly includes home elevators, lifts are growing in popularity for renovations and retrofitting. In this type of project, flexibility and cost efficiency are of greatest importance, and Piconorm lifts were developed with such projects in mind. The newly developed, patented Piconorm drive unit operates through a worm-geared drive motor coupled to a ball screw drive. A flat-belt mechanism with a transmission ratio of 6:1 is put into motion by the linear movement of the traveling nut. The flat belts, mounted on the supporting frame, can move the cabin with a rise of 9 m. The maximum load is 850 kg, with a traveling speed of 0.15 mps. With a compact design, simple operation and installation and little maintenance required for its drive unit, the Piconorm package can be a good choice for most new-construction, retrofitor renovation home elevator installation. The motor, with 230 VAC supply, is frequency controlled. The kits use galvanized metal, and the components come preassembled, down to the limit switches and solenoid switches. The kit with controls has type approval in accordance with EN 81-41:2010. Doors approved in accordance with the lift directive can be used. The Piconorm home lift can be paired with the New Lift Eco control, developed and type approved in accordance with EN 81-41 for slow-moving home lifts, with or without car doors. It has a special compact design, with all functions on board, for machineroom-less applications. Pre-installed and pluggable with cable sets for shaft and lift car, it has a cost-effective design with integrated safety position, releveling control, remote operation and manual evacuation.   đ&#x;Œ?


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Industry Dialogue

Stakeholders Speak Out Analysis of the growing importance of elevator maintenance in India with perspectives from OEMs and facility managers by Yash Pandya

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ELEVATOR WORLD India • 1st Quarter 2018 •

number of high rises and malls. The following are views from some of the stakeholders — OEMs and facility-management firms.

OEM Perspective #1 Junichi Kyushima, managing director, Toshiba Johnson Elevator (India) Pvt. Ltd., emphasizes that infrastructure development is essential for economic growth and adds efficiency to a country’s progress. Just as building infrastructure can be deemed as the lifeline of a nation, the elevator lies at the heart of an efficient building. To ensure that the lifeline of the nation keeps running uninterrupted, good-quality products need to be complemented with efficient periodic checks and maintenance. Kyushima continued: “As elevators and escalators have a significant function of vertical movement in buildings, shopping malls and high-rise projects, they form a part of the financial investment of the project. Customers, too, no longer consider elevators as just a vertical-transportation device, but as a part of the overall experience. Be it a luxury residential condominium, a high-rise to mid-rise commercial complex, or malls, shopping areas and hypermarkets, most customers are concerned about the time taken to reach the higher floors, or they are worried about the elevators being out of order most of the time. Above all, they need an assurance of safe and comfortable rides, along with fast entry and exit to and from their offices and/or apartments. This manifests into a need for periodic checks Kyushima

Frequent breakdowns of elevators in older residential buildings are a recurring complaint shared by most Indians. The contrast between those and the smooth-functioning elevators in office buildings never fails to amaze those who use both. Add to that the plush elevators in new high rises, which also provide hassle-free operation, and it quickly becomes obvious that the problem is not so much about the type of buildings or elevator usage patterns as it is about their maintenance. Older buildings tend to incur frequent costs on structural repairs, and, in their quest to reduce costs, cash-strapped housing societies tend to pick the lowest bidder for the elevator annual maintenance contract. In a classic case of “penny wise, pound foolish,” those who pay a low sum for elevator maintenance eventually get the service they deserve. In such cases, the servicing is not done at periodic intervals; there is a long time gap between complaint calls made, and the response team arriving. Locating spare parts can sometimes take weeks, and, sometimes, elevators are still used with certain faults. The team in charge of managing such services in office buildings tends to have a very different approach toward elevator maintenance, as the value of each working hour is taken into consideration by the occupants. Similarly, most of the new residential high rises are professionally managed, and, in both cases, the elevator annual maintenance contract is usually given to an OEM or OEM-authorized service provider. This ensures different results, which means no recurring problems and, therefore, no complaints. The importance of elevator maintenance is growing in India, considering the increasing

Continued


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Schindler’s “Sunset Blvd” cabin design

and maintenance of the elevators to match the overall experience of the project. “In certain critical sectors like hospitals, high precision and top-quality maintenance is required for elevators, as an uninterrupted high-speed operation and a smoother ride can become decisive in a life-or-death situation. Also, perfect functioning of the fireman’s elevator in any building is of very high importance to accomplish rescue operations flawlessly. “The infrastructure segment has faced some exceptional changes in the last few years. The growth of real estate, from horizontal, has now moved to vertical. This is primarily due to space constraints, the easing of rules by the government and the adoption of the latest technology that allows for constructing taller, safer and energy-efficient buildings. This vertical adoption is also a result of Indian and multinational companies demanding international infrastructure standards. “Keeping pace with these growing consumer tastes and technological advances, the elevator and escalator technology, too, has evolved over the last few years. Over the years, the elevator and

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escalator systems have adopted digital technology, smart control systems and a bundle of safety features to give passengers an elevator experience that is not just comfortable, but safe, too. Automatic and high-speed elevators have become an industry standard and replaced the traditional manual-door elevators. “With infrastructure projects catering to heavy footfalls, a high demand of escalators and moving walks has risen, along with automation and ease of people-traffic management. However, one thing that hasn’t changed (and continues to be a focal point) is the unprecedented emphasis on safety of the passengers, riding comfort and better elevator uptime. “In many ways, the maintenance of a building’s transportation system is analogous to maintaining a top-of-the-line luxury vehicle. Both include advanced high-tech systems, heavy machinery with precision parts, and the safety and convenience of the passengers remain the highest priorities. Just like with an automobile, an elevator and escalator manufacturer who designs and constructs the product is the custodian of the desirable

customer experience and understands his technology, machinery and equipment better than anyone else. “OEMs not only provide codecompliant equipment to the building, along with the technical information necessary for the safe maintenance and inspection of the equipment, but also understand the parts and parameters of the equipment that go into the making of an elevator. For instance, the time between failures of parts and probable time of replacement of the elevator is defined during the product-development stage and is known best by the OEM. OEMs will ensure that the lift performs its operation according to its designed lifetime. “In addition, elevators and escalators have many parts that must be periodically checked and maintained to avoid excessive wear and tear and ensure continuous operation. Hence, authorized OEMs will be the right persons to accomplish this task. If your building has proprietary equipment, the advantage of using OEM maintenance is the ability to provide spare parts quickly and reduce overall downtime for repairs.

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“New elevators run on proprietary technology and software that requires specialized tools for proper maintenance that only the engineers trained and appointed by the manufacturer can provide. More importantly, a third party may not be able to offer preventive maintenance, as it might not be familiar with the equipment lifecycle and other parameters deduced at the development stage. Any third-party support would be reactive, leading to regular malfunction. “In addition to regularly scheduled maintenance programs, Toshiba provides monitoring and remote inspection services designed to deliver an efficient and rapid response for all field service operations. They aim to significantly reduce the response time from the instant a breakdown takes place in the elevator or escalator until it is attended to by the route technician. “In addition to ensuring smooth and efficient operations of their products, OEMs also need to educate customers about associated long-term risks of using third-party maintenance. Typically, the

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Schindler’s “Wavy Sensations” cabin design

end users tend to concentrate on the short-term savings that come with employing a third-party vendor for elevator maintenance. However, in this process, the long-term benefits that can be enjoyed having the OEM as the sole party to maintain the elevators gets ignored. “A third-party vendor may be able to carry out general maintenance, but, when it comes to major overhauling and critical parts replacement, only the OEM has the ability to troubleshoot the issues. Also, there are patented maintenance control modules for advance troubleshooting and adjustments that only the manufacturer can execute.”

OEM Perspective #2 Amjad Sayyed, senior vice president, existing installation business, Schindler, explains that the growing number of high-rise buildings is driving the demand for high-speed and energy-efficient elevators. As building heights are increasing, elevators and escalators have become the lifelines of buildings. Hence, it is essential to ensure safe, trouble-free

operation and long life of the equipment, which is possible with proper upkeep and maintenance carried out at regular and timely intervals by trained professionals. Sayyed continued: “Rapid urbanization, increasing population density and a growing need for accommodation are driving the demand for high-rise buildings in India. Constant increase in the number of high-rise buildings is anticipated to be the key factor fueling the growth of residential elevators in the country. The latest generation of elevators has technologies that help reduce power consumption and improve efficiency. Smart elevators equipped with advanced security solutions such as biometrics and access-control systems like Schindler PORT are becoming increasingly popular. “Maintenance of any equipment plays a vital role in the overall life of the Continued Sayyed

Schindler’s “Minimal Accents” cabin design


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equipment, and it is always recommended to get the same planned Safety must be at the top of and processed as per the OEM. For the mind and paid much more instance, Schindler’s Technology Improvement Program applies importance than lip service. As current technology to older equipment, while Schindler FieldLink the codes and regulations state, is used by technicians to access repair employers are responsible for history, technical data, creating and maintaining a safe troubleshooting guides, repair routines and more. Other Schindler environment for employees and efforts include mechanics’ route technicians. optimization and real-time dynamic scheduling. “Proper maintenance supports ­–Amjad Sayyed overall facility performance and production. It reduces unplanned requirements may place people at a risk outages, extends the lifecycle of expensive and result in significant costs related to equipment and systems, and helps protect fines, investigations, lost productivity and capital investments. Properly maintained potential litigation. equipment also eliminates the costs that “Maintenance must be performed in can be associated with purchasing and accordance with numerous codes and installing replacement equipment in an regulations, because of the inherent emergency, often at a premium. dangers related to electrical systems and “Buildings run on power. They require equipment. Regulatory bodies in the miles of wiring and networks of electrical electrical services market include OSHA and electronic circuits, printed-circuit(for the U.S.), and independent safety and board controls and other equipment to standards organizations that can heavily operate safely and efficiently. These influence codes and regulations. The networks need care, monitoring and mission of OSHA is to prevent workmaintenance to minimize hazards and related injuries, illnesses and occupational prevent costly incidents. Improper service fatalities by issuing and enforcing or maintenance can put the building standards for workplace safety and health. occupants and maintenance personnel at “Understanding the many safety codes risk, drive up costs, damage equipment and regulations and ensuring compliance and undermine operations. It can also can be challenging and costly, but the have a significant bottom-line impact. failure to comply and create a safe “The costs and risks related to environment can be disastrous.” untrained people and improper electrical Damage to Equipment service and maintenance include employee Speaking on equipment, Sayyed said: safety, noncompliance, damage to “Elevator maintenance requires care equipment and downtime.” and attention to ensure safe, optimal The Price of Employee Safety performance. Elevators represent a Sayyed said the risk to life and limb can significant investment that deserves to be be significant when working with electrical maintained. The primary reason for systems and equipment, explaining: performing maintenance is to keep “Safety must be at the top of the mind equipment operating at or near its and paid much more importance than lip designed conditions so it will efficiently service. As the codes and regulations state, deliver the performance required when employers are responsible for creating and needed. maintaining a safe environment for “The reliability of elevator systems can employees and technicians. This requires be greatly improved with proper extensive safety training, the identification maintenance practices and installation of qualified personnel, and the supply of procedures. As soon as new equipment is proper equipment and protective apparel installed, the normal process of to do the job. Failure to meet these deterioration begins due to nominal wear

Continued

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Ele va tor C Auto Doors

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Business Downtime Unplanned shutdowns or outages due to electrical equipment failure have the potential to paralyze businesses, cost millions of dollars and end careers. It has been estimated that 70-80% of all unplanned shutdowns are due to human error, with only 20-30% of unplanned shutdowns due to equipment malfunction. Sayyed explained: “All Schindler technicians undergo rigorous training at three of our in-house Schindler Training Centers and complete certificate programs, ensuring that the elevator and escalator equipment is in the right hands. The technicians can access the equipment with the Schindler Fieldlink and are able to diagnose the exact problem and rectify it, leading to minimum downtime.”

Facility-Management Perspective #1 Kunal Lala, vice-president at Mumbaibased real-estate services company SILA, points out that due to long operational hours and heavy footfalls, modern elevators and escalators wear out much earlier, continuing: “Looking at the usage patterns and hours of operation, the property manager needs to ensure that a planned preventivemaintenance schedule is strictly adhered to for elevators and escalators. Since elevators and escalators are machines that carry people, safety checks have to be an integral part of the maintenance schedule. Regular maintenance will help prevent mishaps, minimize costs in the long run, increase the durability of the

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Facility-Management Perspective #2 Shivam Sadana, managing director, Sadana Properties and CEO, Sadana Security and Infrastructure, underlines the

fact that almost every big project, whether residential or commercial, now uses elevators to attract customers. Sadana explained: “Every residential property buyer first looks at the availability of elevators in the residential project, as it makes the access less time-consuming and comfortable. In commercial projects, too, escalators provide a comfortable environment for the customers. Malls are using more planned escalator units than before. With the increase in the number of demands of residential and commercial projects in India, there is more supply of both escalators and elevators. The maintenance demand of trained certified technical professionals arises after the installations. “A decade ago, there were not many high-rise buildings, commercial complexes or malls. Presently, with the increasing population, the demand for high-rise buildings and malls has gone up. Also, there are a lot of redevelopment projects, where the old ground-plus-twostory buildings are being demolished, and huge towers are being built to accommodate more people and meet their comforts/luxuries. This has led to the increasing demand for elevators and escalators. Today, as compared to those a decade ago, both escalators and elevators are faster, efficient and low-maintenance. “OEMs provide the best guidance to their clients under annual maintenance contracts. The maintenance of both escalators and elevators can be a risk to life, so proper knowledge and experience are musts. Only trained and experienced people with proper certifications are hired for this job. In the past, due to technical mistakes, people have ended up losing their lives. OEMs have introduced many certified courses to learn about proper safety procedures and develop a working knowledge of the functions of various escalator and elevator components, maintenance, controls and assemblies. Only certified trained officials are hired to maintain elevators and escalators.” Sadana

machine and give uninterrupted service to the customer. “High rises were not constructed earlier, and buildings usually were up to four floors; therefore, the elevator requirements were very basic. With the dawn of high rises, the specifications of elevators evolved significantly with automatic, high-speed elevators becoming the norm. Modern elevators and escalators also fulfill the lifestyle needs of people, as time is precious, and these machines help save a lot of time. “Properties are now designed to be disabled-friendly, also keeping the comfort of senior citizens and children in mind, and elevators and escalators play a large part in this design. It is important to have the OEMs maintain elevators and escalators, as these are mechanically complex machines. The OEMs designed and manufactured them, and, in case of any breakdown or parts failure, can easily provide spare parts at efficient prices and within optimum turnaround times. “Using external maintenance firms or untrained staff to maintain elevators and escalators comes with risks, of which every property manager should be aware. Unlike OEMs, external maintenance firms do not have the requisite expertise to maintain these machines. Through an external maintenance firm, the cost of procuring spare parts increases, and the guarantees from the OEM may vary if a third party is maintaining the machines. “Technicians of external maintenance firms will not be as trained as staff from the OEM’s maintenance team, leading to safety risks and, possibly, future mishaps. The OEM’s maintenance teams’ measures can prevent unauthorized access to the software and systems of the machine, and keep the coding confidential and safe.” Lala

and tear of mechanical components. With minimal maintenance, this process can progress to cause malfunctions or electrical failures. According to a survey for Hartford Steam Boiler Inspection and Insurance Co. in the U.S., ‘Breakdown repairs cost three times the price of a comprehensive maintenance program.’ “When it comes to elevator system maintenance, cutting costs one day can lead to greater costs later. Examples of potentially expensive cost-cutting measures include deferring maintenance by skipping scheduled inspections and tests that can result in unexpected failures.”


Taj Mahal: timeless beauty

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EVENTS Productive meeting sets direction for future elevator standards.

ISO/TC 178 Plenary Meeting in New Delhi by Louis Bialy First impressions of India from the perspective of visitors from abroad are, understandably, as varied as the country itself, which is one of the most diverse in the world. India’s diversity includes a wide range of topographical features, from the majestic Himalayas in the north to the great valleys of the Indus, Ganges and Brahmaputra. The climate varies greatly from region to region, as well as seasonally. Delhi and New Delhi mirror a microcosm of the incredible variety of cultures, languages, ethnic groups, philosophies, beliefs and lifestyles of India. The streets of the Indian capital teem with endless traffic. Cars, buses, tuk-tuks, motorcycles, motorscooters, bicycles, cows and pedestrians fill all available street space amidst a continuous din of automobile horns. Classical architecture varies from ancient structures, inherently concomitant with such spiritual practices as Hinduism, Buddhism, Islamism and Christianity, to

magnificent secular structures. Each architectural style adds to the richness of the cultural heritage of this diverse subcontinent. India has experienced enormous economic development in recent times, and a welleducated middle class has emerged. India’s contribution to high technology is highly significant on a worldwide scale and a strong driver of overall development. Many new high-rise commercial and residential buildings have appeared in recent years, and the consequent demand for elevators has followed. The current annual market exceeds 60,000 units and is expected to increase at about 8% per year. Based on this background of economic development and positive outlook for the elevator industry, it is fitting that New Delhi was selected to host the International Organization for Standardization Technical Committee (ISO/TC) 178 Plenary Meeting on October 9-13, 2017. Continued

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A street scene from New Delhi

WG Meetings The following meetings preceded the actual Plenary Committee meeting: ISO/ TC 178 Working Group (WG) 4 Safety Requirements and Risk Assessment, convened by David McColl (Canada); WG 5 Escalator Safety Requirements, convened by Edip Kaci (Germany); and WG 6 Evacuation and Lift Dimensions, convened by Ari Ketonen (Finland). The main purpose of these meetings was to continue the work assigned to the WGs, prepare updates on the status of the work and develop positions for presentation to the Plenary Committee.

Plenary Meeting The plenary meeting was opened by Christian De Mas Latrie, chair of ISO/TC 178. De Mas Latrie invited C.B. Singh, director general of the Bureau of Indian Standards (BIS), to address the delegates. Singh welcomed all delegates to New Delhi. He mentioned that it was an honor and a pleasure for BIS to host the 28th plenary meeting of ISO/TC 178. He acknowledged that many of the delegates had traveled long distances to attend, and that this was much appreciated. He

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emphasized the importance of standards in India and the world at large, and acknowledged the role of ISO in the development process. Singh elaborated on the history of BIS. It was formed at the time of India’s independence in 1947, the same year ISO was chartered. Since then, ISO, BIS and India have come a long way. He mentioned that BIS has the secretariat for two ISO TCs and the convenership for 16 WGs. Singh surmised that it was impossible to imagine modern-day cities without elevators. The safety of elevators and escalators is key to the continued development of cities. Unprecedented growth of cities is inevitable in the next 20-30 years as economic development accelerates. Codes and standards are paramount in ensuring safety as more elevators and escalators are deployed. BIS looks forward to continuing to work closely with ISO in the interests of safety. Suhas Bagde, chair, Indian Mirror Committee (ETD 25), also welcomed the delegates. He indicated that India was a large market for elevators and would become one of the largest markets as more cities in the sky are built. He mentioned

that ETD 25 was focused on the development of standards for the design, specification, fire-safety operation and maintenance of elevators. The Indian Standards (IS) are mandatory in India, and every elevator is intended to be inspected to ensure uniform passenger safety. Bagde stated that ETD 25 and BIS, in general, are in favor of the adoption of ISO standards so as to have one set of standards worldwide. To this end, ISO 8100-1/2 would be adopted as soon as available. Rajeev Sharma, head, BIS Electrotechnical Department, acknowledged the efforts of Eva Contival (ISO/TC 178 secretary), De Mas Latrie, Singh and Bagde. He also proposed a vote of thanks for Meghna Mudgal, member secretary, Indian Mirror Committee, for her role in organizing the meeting. He indicated that Indian volunteers participated in ISO/TC 178 WG 4, 5 and 6 meetings, as well as the plenary meeting. The commitment of BIS and the Indian elevator industry as a whole to ISO is very strong. De Mas Latrie thanked Singh, Bagde and Sharma for their kind words and contributions to and support of ISO. He


also thanked them for hosting the meeting and acknowledged Mudgal’s efforts in organizing the meetings. He mentioned that the first plenary meeting took place in Paris in 1979. He welcomed all attendees and mentioned that this was the first time ISO/TC 178 was meeting in India. He extended a special welcome to first-time attendees. He indicated that locations of meetings had been broadening over the last few years, with meetings in South Africa, Australia and now India. He expressed a need for future meetings to be held in South America and more countries in Africa. De Mas Latrie advised the committee of regrets received. Contival conducted the roll call: there were 46 attendees from 16 countries, as well as the Pacific Asia Lift and Escalator Association. De Mas Latrie expressed deep regret on behalf of the committee on the passing of Philippe Casteleyn, the erstwhile convener of WG 11. A minute of silence was observed in honor of Casteleyn. De Mas Latrie then presented a summary of ISO/TC 178 membership,

marketing and key information. There are 53 member countries, of which 26 are “p” (voting) members. Luxembourg is the latest edition to the “o” (nonvoting) membership list. The largest proportion of new-equipment installations is in the Asia-Pacific area. The worldwide installed base of elevator equipment exceeds 15 million units. The value of the world market for new equipment and service exceeds US$69 billion per annum. Contival reported on behalf of the ISO TC 178 secretariat on the work progress of TC 178, liaisons to various external committees and status of the systematic review of standards for 2017. She gave an update on the status of the 17 documents in the preliminary, proposal, committee, enquiry, approval and publication stages of the standards development process. Contival reported that there are currently 11 liaisons with various European Committee for Standardization (CEN)/ European Committee for Electrotechnical Standardization/ISO/International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC)

committees. She further reported that there are four standards under TC 178 out for systematic review. All these are envisaged to be renewed without technical revision. The ISO/TC 178 Strategic Business Plan was reviewed for currency and approved by the committee. De Mas Latrie introduced Anna Caterina Rossi, ISO Technical Program manager, and welcomed her to the meeting. Rossi gave a comprehensive presentation on several important issues relating to standards development under ISO. She elaborated on the role of project management and how it could help expedite the standards development process. This includes a structured process for initiating and implementing a standards development project. The process includes a discussion between the proposer and the committee secretariat to establish the best development route for the project. The secretariat would perform a risk assessment to identify potential problems in advance. Rossi also advised that the Continued

ISO TC/178 chair, conveners and VIPs: (l-r) Edip Kaci (WG 5), David McKee (WG 2), Eva Contival (TC 178 secretary), Anna Caterina Rossi (ISO technical project manager), Ari Ketonen (WG 6), Christian De Mas Latrie (TC 178 chair), David McColl (WG 4) and Meghna Mudgal (BIS ETD 25 secretary)

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Leadership transition: (l-r) Dr. Gero Gschwendtner (proposed incoming chair), Eva Contival (secretary) and Christian De Mas Latrie (outgoing chair)

approval criterion for a New Work Item had been increased to two-thirds (rather than a simple majority) of the p-members voting positively. She mentioned that every TC is required to have a strategic business plan that needs to be reviewed and updated at each plenary meeting. Rossi also provided other updates intended to streamline and clarify the standards development process. She explained the process for the creation, approval and utilization of ISO graphical symbols. The intention is to ensure uniformity of symbols for all ISO standards. Finally, Rossi summarized the salient features of the Vienna Agreement, which, when invoked, is intended to ensure equivalence between European and international standards. There are several aspects to the agreement, the applicability of which is dependent on the circumstances. Rossi’s presentation was very informative and well received by the committee.

Reports From WGs The conveners of all WGs provided reports on the activities within their groups and the status of the projects with which they were engaged. The reports were informative and gave the committee a

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comprehensive understanding of the issues being embraced by the WGs. In general, the projects are proceeding to schedule and in line with the resolutions approved at preceding plenary committee meetings. Action plans have been developed in areas where difficulties that could affect the outcome or schedule are being experienced. The WGs requested support for several initiatives that resulted in various resolutions.

Resolutions The ISO/TC 178 Plenary Meeting was very productive, and the active participation of the delegates resulted in the approval of 20 resolutions. Some of the more significant resolutions are described below.

Guide Rails The current guide-rail standard, ISO 8100-33 (ISO 7465), is being revised to clarify some items and correct some inaccuracies. A resolution was approved to prepare a new revision of the standard with the aim of addressing material properties once the ongoing revision is completed. A call for additional experts will be launched to ensure that the necessary expertise is available.

Risk Assessment A resolution was approved for WG 4 to review and determine if ISO 14798 Risk Assessment and Reduction Methodology needs revision upon reviewing the following: 1) Ensure the methodology represents the “state of the art” in risk assessment and reduction. 2) In cooperation with (and with expertise from) WG 8, develop methodology in ISO 14798 that addresses the mitigation of risks pertaining to the application of Programmable Electronic System in Safety Related Applications and safety integrity level-rated design. 3) Develop guidance to assist the users of ISO 14798 in applying the methodology effectively. The guidance should include relevant examples to assist the user.

Performance-Based Standards A resolution was approved to revise ISO/TS 8100–22/23 (ISO/TS 22559-3/4) Standards for Global Conformity Assessment Bodies to ensure they are consistent with ISO/IEC 17065, which represents the state of the art in certification and conformity assessment. These standards are necessary to ensure


ISO/ TC 178 chair and conveners with the Indian team

U.S. delegation: (l-r) David McKee, David Evans, Geraldine Burdeshaw, your author (head) and Michael Farinola

uniform utilization of performance–based standards on a worldwide basis.

Elevator Controls A resolution was approved to revise ISO 8100-7 (ISO 4190-5) Lift (Elevator) Controls and extend its scope to ensure compatibility with EN 81-70. The standard includes provisions for controls required to comply with mandatory requirements in various countries.

Earthquake Requirements A resolution to launch a call for experts for the revision of ISO TR 25741 Comparison of Earthquake Requirements to ensure adequate expertise for the revision of this Technical Report was

approved. This is particularly important in view of the proliferation of high-rise buildings around the world.

Electromagnetic Compatibility

requesting that a Preliminary New Work Item be opened to revise ISO 25745-2 to include installations that contain express zones.

A resolution was approved to request WG 8 to revise “ISO 8102-2 (ISO 22200): Electrical Requirements for Lifts, Escalators and Moving Walks — Part 2: Electromagnetic Compatibility With Regard to Immunity” to ensure it is consistent with the state of the art in electromagnetic immunity.

Conveners

Energy Consumption

Thanks to the Chairman

The measurement of energy consumption is of increasing importance worldwide. A resolution was approved

Based on ISO policy, there is a term limit on the tenure of the chair of all TCs. The

Resolutions were approved to reappoint McColl, Kaci, Ketonen and Vincent Robibero as conveners of WG 4, 5, 6 and 8, respectively, for a further tenure of three years. The committee acknowledged the continued commitment and dedication of these leaders.

Continued

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ISO/TC 178 Plenary Committee and attendees

term limit for De Mas Latrie has been reached. A resolution was approved stating: “The delegates and members of ISO/TC 178 would like to express their gratitude to the departing chairman, Christian de Mas Latrie, for the excellent accomplishments, as well for the successful leadership of ISO/TC 178 for the preceding 10 years.”

Future Meetings A resolution was approved to gratefully accept the proposal from DIN (German institute for standardization) to host ISO/ TC 178 and its WGs for its plenary meeting in 2019 in Frankfurt, Germany. The WG and plenary meetings will take place during the first week of April 2019, with the latter starting on April 4, 2019. ISO/TC 178 also acknowledged proposals to host future plenary meetings from Malaysia and China in October 2020.

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The proposals will be assessed and decided by the chairman of ISO/TC 178, considering overall TC objectives. The Standards Administration of China and Department of Standards Malaysia were requested to submit finalized proposals for hosting the 2019 WG and plenary meetings not later than the end of December 2017.

Further Announcements and Remarks McColl announced that Takeshi Miyata of the Japan Elevator Association was retiring at the end of 2017. Miyata is the spokesman for the Japanese Delegation to ISO/TC 178. He has been active in WG 4 since 2007. He has also led the Japanese Study Group on the Task Force on Convergence. Miyata was instrumental in the creation of Japanese Industrial Standards ( JIS) for elevator safety. These standards are aligned, to a large extent, with ISO/DIS 8100-1/2. Moreover, Miyata led the development of the table in ISO/

DTS 8100-3 that identifies JIS requirements to be used in lieu of ISO/DIS 8100-3 clauses. Miyata will be greatly missed by WG 4. Ketonen added a tribute to Miyata and thanked him for his contribution to the work of WG 6. He wished Miyata the best for his retirement. Miyata thanked McColl and Ketonen for their kind words and indicated that it had been a rewarding experience to work with the members of the WGs and TC. On behalf of the secretariat to ISO/TC 178, Contival paid tribute to the leadership of De Mas Latrie. Contival described De Mas Latrie as a true professional with a multicultural outlook. Under his guidance, ISO/TC 178 had reached out to diverse parts of the world. Plenary meetings were held for the first time in Russia, Africa, Australia and, now, in India. Much progress had been made in the creation of international standards with a strong direction set for the future.


De Mas Latrie thanked Contival for her kind words and dedicated service over the years. He reflected on his tenure as chair of ISO/TC 178, during which he had met many experts, some of whom have retired, and some of whom have left this world. He felt privileged to have discovered other ways of life and other ways of thinking. Interacting with representatives of diverse cultures reinforced his basic trust in and respect for others. De Mas Latrie expressed pride in the accomplishments of ISO/TC 178 but with humility. He said that credit was due to the secretary, the conveners, the WG experts and all the volunteers who contributed to the end results. He reminded attendees that the Worldwide Prescriptive Standard project had been launched by the previous chair, Philippe Lamalle, and was nearing completion as ISO 8100-1/2 and ISO/TS 8100-3. De Mas Latrie thanked Singh, Bagde, Sharma and the BIS for hosting the meetings, and Mudgal for her efficient organization. De Mas Latrie commended the committee on the diligence of its members and on the progress that had been made. He thanked the conveners and WG members for their hard work and commitment, as well as the delegates and guests for their participation. De Mas Latrie also thanked the resolution drafting committee (your author, Guillaume Bonatre and Contival) and Rossi for her insights and guidance.

Recommendation for Appointment of the Next Chair Contival explained that the Association Française de Normalisation (AFNOR), which is the secretariat for ISO/TC 178, has

the responsibility for recommending a suitable candidate for chair of TC 178 to ISO senior management. After much consideration, AFNOR has selected Dr. Gero Gschwendtner as the candidate for chair. Dr. Gschwendtner has more than 20 years of experience in the elevator industry, including many years in codes and standards. He is an active member of ISO/TC 178 WG 4, 5 and 6 and a member of the Austrian Standards Committee ON AG 017. He is convener of CEN/TC 10 WG 2, which is responsible for the development of the EN 115 series of standards for the safety of escalators and moving walks. He is also an active member of CEN/TC 10, including TC 10 WG1. Gschwendtner is very articulate and has excellent technical and leadership qualities. The announcement was well received by the attendees, who congratulated him.

Concluding Thoughts Overall, the 28th ISO/TC 178 Plenary Meeting was very productive and successful. Much work remains to be completed. The organization of the meeting and attention to detail constituted affirmation of the capability and professionalism of the BIS team. As the meeting ended and the sun set over New Delhi, your author reflected on a quotation by Mahatma Gandhi: “In a gentle way, you can shake the world.” Indeed, the visible progress in the development of new buildings, shopping malls, metro systems, roads and other infrastructure gives life to Gandhi’s expression. India is certainly emerging as a vibrant economic power, and its imprint on the world will be increasingly evident with the passage of time, albeit in a gentle manner.

De Mas Latrie reminded attendees that the Worldwide Prescriptive Standard project had been launched by the previous chair, Philippe Lamalle, and was nearing completion as ISO 81001/2 and ISO/TS 8100-3.

Louis Bialy, PE, is the head of the U.S. Delegation to ISO/TC 178 and chair of the U.S. Technical Advisory Group. He has 51 years of engineering experience, including 37 years in the elevator industry. He is a member of the ASME Council on Standards and Certification, and chair of the ASME Board on Safety Codes and Standards. He serves on the ASME A17 Standards Committee. He has a BSc (Eng.) and an MEng. He was 1991 ASME Distinguished Engineer of the year, and the recipient of the 2008 ASME Safety Codes and Standards Medal and an ASME Dedicated Service Award in 2012. Following a 33-year career with Otis, he became president of Louis Bialy & Associates, LLC.

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Industry Dialogue

Elevator Design Focus in Academia College professor talks about how VT is being incorporated into architecture curriculum. by Amish Mistry Besides food and clothing, shelter is a basic human necessity. Architecture addresses this human need. When we consider the fact that in about 30 years’ time, there will be approximately seven billion people living in cities, this need gets highly pronounced. Architecture is an everevolving profession that must keep pace with not just ever-evolving technology, but also human aspirations, which are always in a state of flux. The city of Mumbai has a growing population, largely due to the fact that people from all over the country come to seek their livelihoods in this economic capital of India.

Magdum goes over some architectural drawings.

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Accommodating the populace in a very limited urban area calls for humane architecture that caters not to just providing a good dwelling, but also a healthy environment, both within and outside the residences, through the creation of robust neighborhoods with clean air and cleaner surroundings. Thus, for humane architecture to manifest itself, a humane architectural education is paramount. By nature, architectural education is quite unconventional. In a country like India, where elementary education in most schools consists of a conventional rote training system, with very little scope for experimental and experiential learning methods, the transition to an unconventional system can sometimes create issues for students, especially for those coming from vernacular backgrounds. The Dr. Baliram Hiray College of Architecture in Mumbai, founded in 1994 by then-education minister, the late Dr. Baliram Hiray, sees many students migrating from other institutes in their second year, with most coming from vernacular backgrounds. The college accommodates about 160 students at a time. The focus of the college is on communication of concepts, customizing a one-on-one learning method through mentors for each student. The results are there to see. The 2016-17 academic year saw the top three students in the Mumbai University system coming from the Dr. Baliram Hiray College of Architecture among more than 25 architectural institutes. Featured in this article are the views of the college’s Vice Principal Ar. Sunil Magdum (SM) as told to your author (AM). AM: How important are elevators in buildings? SM: Elevators are an important aspect in all types of buildings in this era, as not only in the Continued


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ESCALATOR ENGINEERING

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urban sector but also the rural sector, which is also Mumbai experiencing a high-rise trend. Further, for designing University’s Board of barrier-free buildings (for Studies is considering physically challenged individuals), elevators provide adding the study of the best solution for architects elevator/escalator/ and designers. AM: How is vertical moving walk design transportation (VT) to the curriculum. integrated in architectural studies? SM: The architecture — Ar. Sunil Magdum course has a dedicated topic on VT, with advanced building construction as a subject. The course lasts a semester. Here, the students perform case studies and submit descriptions as part of a session, and are graded. In the oral examinations conducted by a university jury for Semester VII (Architectural Design) and Semester X (Design Dissertation), elevator design is an aspect, and the details are carefully checked. In Architectural Design, one of the important topics is group/high-rise housing, where students are expected to design projects that can be executed immediately for the real world. These projects are assessed at the highest university levels. AM: Why is the inclusion of VT in the study of architecture important? SM: Elevators are not an impetus to design taller buildings, but, as buildings get taller, they are an indispensable necessity. Elevators help people reach various floor levels easily. Mumbai University’s Board of Studies is considering adding the study of elevator/escalator/moving-walk design to the curriculum. AM: How does the college spark student interest in VT, and has it been effective? SM: We at Hiray College send our students to perform case studies that include elevators, which is a part of our teaching (or learning) plan and, at times, try to rope in experts from the elevator industry for special lectures. There is always a need for a greater emphasis — not only on elevators, but on every aspect of a building, as a greater emphasis helps mankind in its evolution toward progress. Students these days are taking a keen interest in elevator design. On average, the attitude toward elevator design is quite positive. Amish Mistry has been a practicing architect for the past 23 years. He has a keen interest in integrating and promoting sustainable technology. He is an instructor at India’s architectural institutes, focusing on the topic of digital design.


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Real Estate

The State of the Real-Estate Industry Rohit Gera provides recap of 2017, along with expectations for 2018 and beyond

by Sheetal Shelar Patil Five years down the line, we will look back at 2017 as the year in which the real estate sector in India went through the greatest number of changes. I think there are a couple of reasons: the first is demonetization, which technically was in 2016, but the impact was felt through 2017; then, we had the Real Estate Regulatory Authority (RERA) established under the Real Estate Act of 2016, which was closely followed by the Goods and Services Tax (GST). The Government of India has been very focused on the ease of doing business, and, as a result, India improved from 130 to 100 on the World Bank’s Ease of Doing Business ranking. However, if we look at a breakdown of the rankings, we only improved slightly, from 185-181, regarding the ease of dealing with construction permits. If the government wants to improve the overall ranking and go from 100 to 50, it must first improve its ranking in the ease of dealing with construction permits up to 120. Therefore, I think that the government is pretty focused on improving the ease of dealing with construction permits, as well. I believe that demonetization, RERA and GST in the past and the focus on ease of doing business in 2018 will be the triggers to make real estate much more of a level playing field among developers. This will bring out the strong players, the well-capitalized players, the ones who have a good customer-oriented focus, those who want to do the right thing, who have efficient systems and processes, as well as financial discipline. These developers will thrive through this coming period.

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Policy Impacts Prior to the RERA era, a lot of the reputed developers would sell and market their products to customers by talking about their delivery, quality and transparency, as well as legal approach. Reputed developers would tell customers “we will deliver on time,” “we will give you quality,” “what we promise we will deliver,” “we form the society,” and “we are transparent.” With RERA, though, all of these things — like on-time delivery, quality, transparency and trust — are now mandatory under the law, which means even if a customer goes to a fly-by-night developer, he has to say the same things. Customers, therefore, are being told that if developers don’t deliver on time, they have to pay you compensation; if they don’t give you quality, there is a five-year defect liability period, and financial discipline is being imposed because it is mandatory under RERA. So, suddenly, RERA created a level playing field among all the developers — big, small, recently started, started 50 years ago, singlegeneration and multigenerational developers. Now, the point that comes up, if you have to compete, you have to differentiate; so we will start seeing differentiation among developers now, I believe. In addition to GST, RERA and demonetization, the government is also implementing the Benami Transaction Act. Banking bankruptcy and all of that is undergoing a tremendous change. The opportunity for misuse of power is being done away with. I think all this is great, as far as real


estate is concerned, but, at the end of the day, I think those who can see these changes coming have to gear up their systems to be able to deal with this world, and it will be a different world than what we saw even five years ago.

Significant Changes The change is evident. For example, we registered all of our projects in Maharashtra under RERA without visiting a government office, and we received the registration numbers directly via email. The industry was apprehensive that RERA would lead to one more window and one more level of corruption. But none of that happened. I think this is an extremely positive sign of the times. As a company, we have been giving a five-year warranty-defect liability to our customers for the past 12-13 years, and now RERA has made that mandatory for the entire sector, for all projects. Developers will have to gear up and put in systems to deal with complaints, because if complaints are not addressed or redressed by a developer, the customer can move on to the authorities. Currently, our customers log their complaints onto a mobile phone app, where they can also place photographs of the issue. They can tell us when they want someone to come and fix the problem. The scheduling is done via the app itself. I think the industry and the people will come to this, and they will start changing in that direction, and that’s a really good thing. I am involved with the Confederation of Real Estate Developers Associations of India (CREDAI) and the Youth Wing at Pune. The

youngsters who are in the business today want transparency. They don’t want to go to the municipal corporation or the approval authority and wait for somebody out there. Nobody wants to do that. Everybody has their self-respect, and they are not willing to diminish it for a few lakh of rupees. The changes brought in by the government are welcome by the younger generation, and have to be accepted across the entire industry.

Integrating Technology The industry is finally standing at the cusp of being able to eliminate its bad reputation, and this is a really good thing. If I talk about Gera within this context, and within this framework, one of our strengths is we use technology a lot. Gera Developments Pvt. Ltd. has the Gera World mobile app for our customers. Once the customer books a place with Gera, he gets his account on the Gera World platform. He automatically gets access to all his project documents on the app; when he signs the agreement, the scanned copy is available for him right there on the app. He can download his agreement copy, mail it to himself and forward it to somebody at will. He does not have to ask us for all the information again, as it is transparently available to him whenever he needs it. We have a separate mobile app (Gera Advantage) for monitoring construction quality at our construction sites. When a contractor fixes a problem, he goes on the app and puts up a photograph showing the problem has been fixed; our engineer then confirms the noncompliance was successfully closed. We do this for all projects. In fact, we use this not only for construction Continued

Gera’s Adara Project Highlights Location: Hinjewadi Type of development: Residential Number of structures: 1 Total units: 266

Key Amenities Common Acupressure path, tree court, children’s play area and tot lot for smaller children, jogging track, spice garden, barbecue area, lounging area.

Internal Kitchen platform with under-counter cabinets, home automation with light and temperature control, appliance control, energy monitor, video door phone.

Elevators Four elevators designed to work in synchronization to handle the traffic systematically.

Gera’s Adara is a high-rise, 266-unit residential tower in Hinjewadi that offers a number of amenities; rendering courtesy of Gera Developments.

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quality, but also for safety audits. Any safety- or housekeepingrelated issues get flagged. We believe technology is a great enabler. We were using Microsoft ERP (enterprise resource planning) for the past 10 years, but recently switched over to SAP. The next step is to integrate the Gera World app with SAP so the customer can view his account statement in real time.

being downgraded, or the quantum they rated has reduced. Being conservative, we like to focus on the areas we know and enjoy, which gives us a great sense of strength. We are ambitious, but even ambition has a certain formula and limitations. So, we do not go overboard raising debt or buying land indiscriminately. This is the only business I know, and it is only one part of real estate development in one part of the country. I have been doing Vision this for more than 25 years, and I am not looking at changing Within the next six months, Gera Developments hopes to stop careers. We are a long-term player. I am a third-generation real communicating with customers via email, and instead conduct all estate developer and, given that, I see myself in the role of communications through the app. In an email, you need to know custodian for the next generation. Looking forward to the next the person with whom you are dealing. If a person leaves the generation, I have one daughter, one niece and two nephews who company, it becomes frustrating for the customer, and, besides are in the U.S. Because I see my role as being a custodian of the this, email is somewhat inefficient. The only challenge is the business for the next generation, it means I can’t erode what I have customer, who is used to sending an email, must become been handed. As a custodian, you have to grow it, improve it and accustomed to communicating with us through a different route. I leave it for the next generation. It’s a responsibility; therefore, it believe people are happy to move on to a comes with some limitations in your own mind as to more efficient, elegant solution. It’s the what sort of risks you are willing to take and how far The industry is finally same thing as using your phone; you know you are willing to go. you want to send an email to Gera, so using standing at the cusp of On leadership, my approach is to inspire my the app is basically one step up. You know being able to eliminate its team. I recognize they are better than me at their you want to communicate with Gera at jobs. I think, therefore, there is an immediate that level, so instead of clicking on an email bad reputation, and this mutual respect, and if there is respect, then you rely button, you will click on an app button. In is a really good thing. on their opinions. They have a greater voice in terms fact, what we can do is create drop-down of what we do. They participate at a greater level. menu options to make it easier for the customers. The more drop My team decides the goals we want to achieve. The top three downs, the easier it gets to communicate with us. people in my organization decide their own salaries. There is a Once this is fully implemented, the issues raised are not sitting story, philosophy, a thought process behind it, but that’s the level in some customer-service manager’s inbox. They are stored in a of trust and ownership they have, as far as the business is centralized server where we can sort them, respond to them and concerned. track flags. If a matter is not resolved, it can go up to the senior We are not a manufacturing business in the true sense; we don’t manager. We can deliver a far better level of customer service, but have a factory where everything gets done with workers and the customers must adopt the new system. The benefit is they will automation. Every new project has to go through approval each get a much better level of customer service. So, if we say a time, design each time, you have to find new customers each time, customer-service ticket is closed (resolved), someone might see it and the product has to be right each time, and this is something is not and reopen it. We can start monitoring and tracking how you can’t do alone. You need people who are going to do it with many reopens each manager has received. If I ask my customer if you. Recognize that this is not a one-person game. I play a part in this is a repeat problem and if the customer says it is, we can go this business, as does each of us from the family and professional back and do a diagnosis. team. The part I have to play is the responsibility to serve as the This quality also has the option for my vendors and contractors leader. to upload photographs and copies of their bills and invoices. They Elevators can watch the progress of their bills as they move from the billing I think elevators are an essential part of any high-rise building. engineer to the accounting department, and if there is a problem You can’t do without them. It’s important to do the traffic studies; they can quickly track the situation. We look at technology as a you have to get the expert to do the analysis to decide how many great enabler. Though it is expensive, the returns on that elevators you need. We are currently undertaking a 16-story investment are clearly there. You are rewarded by your customers building called Gera’s Imperium Rise in Hinjewadi in Pune. It’s an when you bring in transparency and make life easier for them. office building of 500,000 sq. ft., of which 380,000 sq. ft. is leasable, Growth and Leadership saleable area, plus two levels of parking below that. Based on a As an organization, we are fiscally conservative. In fact, within traffic analysis, we have determined we will need eight elevators the past five years, we started getting our credit rating done. We and one express elevator for the penthouse office floor. have been an A+rated company from the first rating we received, I like the idea of technology and innovation going together, and and each year the amount for which we have been rated has I think this is something we should look at, including assessing the increased. We don’t borrow what we been have rated for; the costs. Ultimately, it comes down to whether the customer values it rating shows the strength of the balance sheet. This is our sixth and is willing to pay for it. At the end of the day, the consumer has rating. Five years ago, we got rated for 75 crore; this year, it was to pay for the product, so he has to see the value of what is being 648 crore at A+. This rating comes in a year when developers are offered. The value the customer sees in being able to press a button Continued

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Gera’s Imperium Rise Project Highlights Location: Hinjewadi Phase-II, Wipro circle Type of development: Commercial Number of structures: One Total units: 557 Shops: 51 Restaurants: 11 Offices: 495

Key Amenities Internal ♦♦ Wi-Fi-enabled shop and office spaces ♦♦ 100% diesel generator (DG) backup for all offices

Common ♦♦ Four-level covered car parking area, plus ample space for visitor parking

♦♦ Three landscaped podiums with plenty of common sitting areas totaling 2,900 m2 (31,000 sq. ft.) ♦♦ Direct entry to the shop from the landscaped podium ♦♦ Dedicated unloading area on the lower ground floor common area, adjacent to the service elevator ♦♦ A 21.6-m-high (71 ft.) entrance lobby that welcomes visitors into a grand reception area ♦♦ Dedicated toilets on every floor for the differently abled, in common areas above the upper ground floor. ♦♦ 100% DG backup for common areas

Elevators ♦♦ Eleven elevators with 16- or 20-passenger capacity, designed to work in synchronization to systematically handle traffic. ♦♦ One express elevator serving the top two floors

Imperium Rise, a Gera project in the desirable Wipro Circle of Hinjewadi, offers small and mediumsized companies a prestigious business address; rendering courtesy of Gera Developments.

and then knowing which elevator to go to certainly helps. I can visualize the engineering and coding that goes into the technology, and feel that it’s cool, but, ultimately, it has to deliver the value to the user.

Upgrading Looking at basic improvements required in elevators, I believe they need to come with cameras and a DVR inside, and a TV screen downstairs at the ground floor next to the call button so you can see what’s happening inside the elevator. Why don’t elevator companies do this and sell it? It is done and it’s not expensive — it costs about one lakh rupees for the whole scheme. That’s all it is, but think of the impact on safety. The safety of women and children in an elevator, which is an enclosed environment, is important. Safety needs to move much further up in our consciousness, and it has to be a standard requirement.

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While I agree that elevators are essential, I find that ultra-highrise buildings are more expensive and, therefore, are feasible in only the few locations where people are willing to pay a premium for the extra height. These buildings require far more technologically advanced elevators to run efficiently for the comfort of the occupants. Rohit Gera is managing director of Gera Developments Pvt. Ltd. He is responsible for the day-to-day functioning of the various departments of the company, as well as for the planning and execution of new projects. He also focuses on the long-term growth initiatives of the company. Rohit has more than two decades of experience in real-estate development.


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Market Trends

Indian Elevator Market on the Fast Track Safety, aesthetics and energy efficiency to be key drivers for the foreseeable future. by Shanker Gopalkrishnan This article is based on a report titled “The Future of Elevator and Escalator Market in India to 2021” published by Madras Consultancy Group of Chennai, India. The full report provides a comprehensive analysis of the Indian elevator and escalator markets and detailed forecasts through 2021. It is available at elevatorbooks.com. . . . Editor The Indian economy has performed well over the last decade, clocking a growth rate of 7.1% per annum in 2006-2007 and 2016-2017, and the gross domestic product touched US$2.3 trillion in 2016-2017. The real-estate sector, one of the key components of the Indian economy, is now expected to change the way it works owing to the structural reforms introduced over the last 18 months. For the manufacturing sector, including elevators and escalators, the introduction of the Goods and Services Tax in July 2017 was a welcome measure, as it simplifies the indirect taxation structure, rules and procedures. More than 65% of India’s population of 1.32 billion is below the age of 35, and, consequently, rapid urbanization is inevitable. Given the burgeoning Indian elevator industry revenue, 2016: population and limited land US$1.7 billion availability, most cities are now witnessing vertical growth. New initiatives such as the Smart Cities Mission and increased government spending on infrastructure projects (including metro rail and Source: Madras Consultancy Group airports) will also fuel

the demand for elevators and escalators in the country. The modern elevator has evolved rapidly from the innovative and cyclical paternoster of the late 19th century. The focus during the last few decades has been on safety, energy efficiency, speed and passenger convenience. The elevator market in India has grown well over the last two decades, with growth rates averaging around 12.5% per annum. The Indian market volume is estimated at 68,000 units in 2016 — though a distant second to China, the Indian market holds great potential for the future. The elevator industry clocked an estimated revenue of US$1.7 billion, of which more than 70% was from the new installation sector and the rest from services. The Indian market has risen rapidly over the last two decades from its small base of 6,500 units in 1996. More importantly, the market has also been upgrading itself in terms of product quality. Over this period, the market has transitioned from collapsible gates to automatic doors, from AC to variable-voltage, variable-frequency drives, from geared to gearless motors and so on. While the passenger-elevator segment accounted for 85% of the total market, the demand for home elevators, automobile lifts and freight/bed elevators is also on the rise. The elevator industry in India is now home to more than 350 elevator manufacturers. Of these, 25-30 are national or regional players. Johnson Lifts, KONE, Mitsubishi Electric, Otis, Schindler India and thyssenkrupp Elevator are some of the leading players in the elevator market in India. Other major international companies present in India include Fujitec India, Hitachi Lift, Kinetic Hyundai Elevator and Toshiba Johnson Elevator. While some of the global manufacturers have Continued

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Market for passenger elevators in India, 2016 (%)

Elevator market in India: a historical perspective, 1996-2016 (source: Madras Consultancy Group)

recently expanded their facilities or are in the process of setting up new greenfield operations, regional players are scaling up their operations and capabilities. With the marquee names of the global elevator industry now present in India, the country’s elevator sector is steadily adopting international standards and technologies. The market for machine-room-less elevators is rapidly expanding and now accounts for nearly 25% of the passenger elevator market. The country has also moved up the value chain in terms of greater sophistication, such as energy efficiency, advanced safety mechanisms, improved aesthetics, and better installation and maintenance methods. The Indian elevator industry is fast aligning itself to global standards; an example is the updated National Building Code released by the Bureau of Indian Standards in 2016.

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Source: Madras Consultancy Group

Vertical growth, driven by urbanization and sharp appreciation in the cost of land, is now increasingly visible in the everexpanding cities of India. Apart from the large metropolitan cities, Tier I and II cities are witnessing a space crunch, especially within core areas. Demand for elevators 2.5 mps and faster is expanding rapidly, especially in the National Capital Region, Mumbai, Bengaluru and Pune. The elevator component industry in India has kept pace with the OEMs and is geared to meet the needs of the industry, from small electronic components to sophisticated cars. The need to move faster with a high safety level has led to several changes in materials and components used. Elevator component suppliers are spread across the country, with a significant concentration in the western region. Though the Indian component sector is well developed, import of components is still significant, and China continues to be the key source. Elevator maintenance is now a focal point, given the heightened concern for passenger safety, need for reduced waiting time and better image of the building. Thus, the revenue generated from elevator maintenance and modernization programs has begun to contribute significantly to the top, as well as bottom lines of these companies. While modernization and maintenance revenues play a larger role in the developed markets, it is still a smaller component of the revenues in India. However, with an installed base of 460,000 units of elevators and 16,500 units of escalators, the modernization business is set to emerge as a significant component of the elevator industry in India. The trend toward high-rise buildings, rapid expansion in the residential and commercial real-estate sectors, and increased spending in the infrastructure sector will have a positive impact on the Indian elevator industry. Safety, aesthetics and energy efficiency will be some of its key drivers for the foreseeable future.

Shanker Gopalkrishnan is president of Madras Consultancy Group and affiliated with e-Research & Publications India Pvt. Ltd., both of Chennai, India.


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Industry Dialogue

Otis India President Talks Trends, Vision for the Future Sebi Joseph (SJ) recently sat down with ELEVATOR WORLD India (EWI) to discuss new technology, the Indian market and how Otis addresses the country’s VT needs. by Sheetal Shelar Patil EWI: How significant is the Indian market for Otis? What are the attributes or parameters that make it different from the other Otis markets? SJ: Otis India is positioned to deliver to the country’s vertical-transportation (VT) demands with its expanded facility in Bengaluru, which tripled in size and doubled in manufacturing capacity. The facility includes a new elevator test tower, standing at a height of 51.2 m with the ability to test up to five elevators at a time. The test tower also includes mechanical and electrical test labs equipped with high-end test equipment and staffed with a strong technical team to ensure that all new products are tested and meet the highest safety, quality and reliability standards. The Bengaluru factory also houses Otis’ India R&D center, which has also significantly expanded its engineering capacity in recent years. Building on the theme of connectivity, we’re transforming our service business globally to incorporate smart, connected technology that delivers proactive, quick and effective diagnostics and repair. The transformation is an investment in digital tools, mobility solutions, apps, Internet of Things (IoT) and operational excellence to enhance customer experience, accelerate business Sebi Joseph

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productivity and increase employee engagement. Otis has developed and is accelerating additional efforts to expand the use of internal service apps being developed by field teams around the world. These new tools enable our field employees to be more efficient, source information faster, develop even stronger ties with customers and see a problem before it becomes one. Through IoT and more connectivity, we are giving our customers more transparency, more information and a streamlined process to reach Otis, while maintaining and advancing the personal relationship for which we strive. These solutions are being developed, tested and rolled out across the world and will be coming to India in the future. EWI: What is the Otis vision for India, and how would you describe your strategy for this market?

Continued


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time in busy mid- and high-rise buildings, are the start of this trend. Otis is working on developing smart elevators. A smart elevator is a connected elevator capable of communicating with passengers, building managers, service staff and other building systems to improve the passenger experience and elevator performance, especially through improved elevator maintenance. EWI: To what extent does the ambiance of an elevator matter to the customer and rider? SJ: The modern Indian customer is now paying more attention than ever to elevators. Apart from being conscious Otis’ Gen2 about energy savings, technology, SJ: The strategies we have implemented and continue to nurture safety and other critical features, have ensured a steadfast segment increase. For Otis, India holds customers are also looking to create interesting and engaging immense potential. We plan to start an escalator line within our spaces within an elevator. They are looking for softer edges; new Bengaluru facility. The Bengaluru factory is also gearing up to etchings; patterns; and unusual colors, materials and textures. In offer even higher-speed elevators on Otis’ global flagship short, they are looking to add personality to their elevator space. technology platform, the Gen2. We have released and are continuously working on a new range Recently, Otis introduced two new elevator products to the of aesthetic designs around the world. Otis India, too, will soon be Indian market specifically designed to meet the needs of the unveiling new looks for some of the elevator ranges, designed and country’s buildings and cities. In 2015, Otis India introduced the manufactured in India, that cater to the desires of Indian riders. Gen2® Infinity, locally manufactured at the Bengaluru factory We think the next developments in elevator technology will also (EWI, 2nd Quarter 2015). This higher-speed (1.75 mps) passenger center on the passenger experience. Our latest products, which elevator caters to mid-rise residential buildings, have already been released in some markets, feature which are fast becoming a common feature across For Otis, India holds customizable digital displays and the ability for India’s Tier I and Tier II cities. And, in late 2016, immense potential. passengers to call the elevator from a mobile phone. Otis announced the launch of the Gen2 Core In addition, our engineers are working to develop (EWI, 1st Quarter 2017), an energy-efficient elevator designed to the next generation of elevators, with a target launch date of meet the needs of the Indian mass and affordable housing December, followed by a global rollout. This new generation will, segments, where a majority of the residential buildings have fewer for the first time, connect manufacturing to installation to service, than seven stories. allowing us to deliver a totally different service to the customer. As India continues to urbanize, sustainable solutions will play a EWI: Which are the steps or initiatives being taken/planned for key role, and the Gen2 offers just that through its energy-saving the near future? How do you see them impacting the perception and space-conservation features. Affordable homes do not just and performance of Otis? mean the cost accessibility of the home, but also lower operational SJ: Because we think the next developments in elevator technology and maintenance costs. Sustainable features are the key to any will leverage digitalization and center on the passenger experience, affordable housing project. The Gen2 product offers our latest products, which have already been released in some environmentally responsible elevators for low-rise buildings across markets, feature customizable digital displays and the ability for the country, especially in Tier I and Tier II cities. passengers to call the elevator from a smartphone. In addition, our Gen2 elevators come standard with Otis’ technological engineers are working to develop the next generation of elevators breakthroughs that address the increasing demand for “green” by the end of 2018. This new generation will, for the first time, elevators. For example, the ReGen™ drive captures energy that connect manufacturing to installation to service, allowing us to would otherwise be wasted by the elevator and feeds it back into deliver a totally different service to the customer. the building’s power grid. Combined, the Otis Gen2 and ReGen EWI: What trends have been witnessed in different elevator reduce energy consumption by 75% under normal operating segments in India? Which segments do you see driving growth conditions, compared to conventional systems with nonfor certain locations and types of buildings? regenerative drives. SJ: Thirty percent of the country’s population, or 340 million We think the next developments in elevator technology people, currently live in cities. According to a recent McKinsey leverage digitalization. Existing Otis technologies such as the report, by 2030, it is expected cities will house 590 million people, CompassPlus™ Destination Management System, which constantly evaluates real-time passenger traffic to improve flow and travel

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With Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s vision and the government’s focus on Smart Cities, there is a growing need for smart and efficient technologies to support urban growth. Future cities and developing economies hold a lot of potential for infrastructure growth, and, therefore, urbanization is a major driver for the elevator segment in India. As urbanization drives the increased need for housing, the need for smart and efficient technologies to support growth is becoming a must. As of November 2017, the Indian Green Building Council had 4.71 billion sq. ft. of registered real estate under development as “green.” This constitutes more than 4,300 registered projects. Developers and building owners are becoming environmentally conscious and, thereby, aim for green certifications, like Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design. We see the Gen2 supporting this growth, with CompassPlus finding full potential in a smart city.

An Otis Gen2 cabin

or 40% of the population, and that India will have 68 cities with populations of more than one million.

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Events

IEE Expo Sets Stage for the Industry VT companies to display the latest technology for India’s booming market.

submitted by IEE Expo India’s Tier I and Tier II cities, which once had no buildings taller than three floors, have seen a proliferation of skyscrapers. The growing number of tall buildings, malls and industrial areas has created a huge market for elevators, escalators and their components. The Indian elevator market has grown to become the second largest in the world, and, according to some forecasts, is expected to top 104,000 units by 2021. It’s with an eye on this market potential that the International Elevator and Escalator (IEE) Expo, scheduled on February 27-March 1 at the Bombay Exhibition and Convention Centre in Mumbai, will open its doors to the global vertical-transportation (VT) industry. This year’s IEE Expo is the first presented under the Messe Frankfurt umbrella, the world’s largest producer of trade fairs, congresses and events. The expo will offer a platform to establish business with trusted brands in the elevator and escalator market. The exhibition will bring together more than 150 companies from India, China, Italy, Germany, Taiwan, Turkey, Switzerland and the U.K. that will showcase the latest advancements with smart technology and energy efficiency. The full range of lifts — passenger, service, home, accessibility and more — will be on display. Technology, such as machine-room-less designs, controllers and controller components, door drives and related accessories will also be on display, along with

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designer cabins, hoist ropes, trailing cables, variable-voltage, variable-frequency inverters, push buttons, car operating panels and other lift components. The expo will bring global decisionmakers, industry leaders and technological experts together. Key OEMs, including Fujitec, Hitachi, Otis India and Creesta, are among the prominent names to be found on the show floor. Visitors who can benefit from the exhibition include elevator and escalator component suppliers, builders and developers, architects, civil and electrical engineers, project-management consultants, service consultants, engineering and architectural students, corporate officials, government contractors, facility managers, distributors, hospital administrators and business entrepreneurs. With strong support from the Maharashtra government, the expo will showcase high-end technologies in line with government efforts to increase the availability of elevators and escalators at rail and metro stations, airports and other infrastructure spaces. The IEE Expo will bring innovations to the forefront and hold seminars during the three days of the đ&#x;Œ? exhibition.  

Visitors to the expo are invited to stop at the ELEVATOR WORLD and EW India booths to sign up for subscriptions and learn more about these premier publications for the VT industry. More information about the expo is available online at www.ieeexpo.com.


Product Spotlight

Inverters Join Synchronization Solution, VFDs Budget device boasts various features. submitted by Mitsubishi Electric India The Mitsubishi Electric D700/E700 offers a smooth startup feature with S-curve operation suitable for small lifts, focused on the costeffective market. It provides energy-efficient control with an advertised 10-year product life. The drives are equipped with the latestgeneration semiconductors. Other advanced features are advanced auto tuning, kilowatt-hour display on the drive, pattern setting for acceleration/deceleration and individual speed change rate. The latter facilitates smooth deceleration stop, which can reduce shock load. The zero-speed brake-sequence operation feature enables the zero-speed control or servo lock to be activated to lighten the shock when the brake is released or applied (when the elevator starts or stops). The “P-Gain” adjustment for speed control in the low-speed-range feature enables the time from startup to release of the brake to be shortened by improving the response at low speed. If the elevator cage stops outside the landing position due to a power failure or other reason, the “Rescue” function allows the

inverter to run on power supplied from a standby system, such as an uninterruptible power supply, and move the elevator cage to the landing of the nearest floor. The compatibility with multipole permanent-magnet (PM) motors feature enables the FR-A800 ELV inverter to support a PM motor with 40 poles. A wider range of motors can be driven by the inverter. New features, like optimum excitation control, will give 3-4% energy savings, compared to those of the standard variable-frequency drive (VFD). Automation mainly aids applications where synchronization, speed and logic are required, and allows visibility of a machine’s performance. We at Mitsubishi Electric have been continually working on providing energy-conservation techniques and improved operational and maintenance practices. For instance, we offer energy-efficient controls to deliver an efficient solution for complex mechanization processes using our VFDs and servos for synchronization,

The S-curve operation of the D700/E700 offers a smooth startup feature suitable for small lifts.

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The FR-A800 ELV inverter can support a PM motor with 40 poles.

Our VFDs and servos have features like auto tuning along the load, which will help optimize parameters according to the application and load condition of the machine. Most companies today look for cost-effective solutions to improve output, as well as save energy. Their demands range from asking for energy-saving VFDs and servos, to products that offer smooth speed variations. Mitsubishi Electric’s VFDs run up to 590 HZ (12 times base speed) with a maximum speed of 6,000 RPM. The embedded PLC and HMI product, GOC, is developed and manufactured in India. This can act as a compact and cost-effective solution for synchronization. Now, it is possible to communicate via HMI directly to drives and machines of different applications, which adds more flexibility in the system and increases the visibility of different machines in one location. With an increasingly competitive global business environment, most manufacturers are seeking opportunities to reduce production costs without negatively affecting product yield quality. But, with rising energy prices, costs are hitting a zenith, and decreasing value is added at the plant. To deal with this, successful, cost-effective investment into energy-efficient technologies and practices is important, especially in the current age, as such technologies often include additional benefits, such as increasing productivity or reducing materials consumption. đ&#x;Œ? www.mitsubishielectric.in   

programmable logic controllers (PLCs) for logic, and human/ machine interfaces (HMIs) for visibility.

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Industry Dialogue

Vertical Transportation and the City Booming urbanization means opportunities for the VT industry according to Hafeez Contractor. by Amish Mistry

The Imperial Towers in Mumbai

The world is rapidly becoming urbanized. It is estimated that by 2050, around 70% of the world’s population is going to be residing in cities. This works to around seven billion people living in cities. All around the world, cities are heavily populated and, hence, quantified as highdensity zones. Thus, high-rise apartment buildings are going to be the norm for cities, and they will only get higher in the future. An elevator core is an integral part of any high-rise apartment design, as not only does it provide vertical transport in the structure, but

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also occupies a considerable amount of floor plate on each level. In cities like Mumbai, each square foot is premium. Thus, the elevator core also needs to be space efficient without compromising on the primary functions that the elevator needs to perform. The elevator industry has made some groundbreaking technological innovations in recent times. Future-looking verticaltransportation (VT) models like vertical subways, space lifts, and electromagnetic levitation are some of the innovations that offer huge potential for VT in cities. These new technological advancements in elevator design will empower architects to create new forms and shapes of large-scale and mixed-use developments. When designing apartments, especially high rises, the critical points for the consideration for elevators are: ♦♦ Energy efficiency ♦♦ Speed and travel efficiency ♦♦ Comfort ♦♦ Safety and security

Energy Efficiency Around the globe, there are more than seven billion elevator journeys occurring each day. That is a huge amount of energy being consumed globally. Buildings consume about 40% of the world’s energy, and elevators account for 2%-10% of a building’s energy consumption. During peak usage hours, elevators may utilize up to 40% of the building’s energy. Now, that’s a very big number. By employing energy-saving elevators, the energy consumption of a building can be reduced significantly.


When it opened, 23 Marina, center, was Dubai’s tallest residential building.

The DLF Gateway Tower in Gurgaon

Speed and Travel Efficiency

passengers at the floor immediately below where the car was when the power failure occurred. To alert building staff to the existence New advances in elevator technologies have encouraged of a problem, elevators come with alarm buttons for use by reshaping of cities further by enabling even taller buildings. passengers. Some elevators are now fitted with surveillance The Emporis Standards Committee defines a high-rise building as cameras to deter crime, especially toward women and children. “a multistory structure between 35 and 100 m tall, or a building of Finally, most elevators now come equipped with safety systems to unknown height from 12 to 39 floors.” A skyscraper is described as protect maintenance workers servicing the car or “a multistory building whose architectural the shaft. When one considers the height is at least 100 m, or 330 ft.” When one considers the growth of cities, the Transportation from the ground to higher growth of cities, the elevator’s role has been no less profound than that floors, especially above the 30th floor onward, elevator’s role has been of the automobile in transforming the modern needs to happen within a quick timeframe; urban landscape. While cars have facilitated the hence, it’s imperative that elevators move at a no less profound than horizontal spread of cities and regions, good speed. The fastest elevators in the world that of the automobile in encouraging sprawl and suburbia, elevators have move at speeds ranging from 546 mpm (the 88-story Jin Mao towers in Shanghai) to 1,010 transforming the modern enabled the concentration of large numbers of people and activity within a very limited amount of mpm (across 89 stories at the Taipei 101 in urban landscape. space. When people think about cities, people talk Taiwan). about efficient transportation and the need for Comfort traffic to move quickly from point to point, but rarely do they consider the critical role of elevators and the need for efficient VT. The elevator ride needs to be very comfortable for the Elevators matter a lot, not just for the cities, but for the world, as passengers. Comfort results from the ride quality of the elevator, well. So much of the world, especially corporate and commercial which, in turn, is affected by the vibration, noise, acceleration and entities, functions largely in elevator-serviced buildings. So, it deceleration of the elevator system. makes prudent sense to employ elevators in a building in the most A well-designed elevator system ensures all these factors are efficient way possible. taken into account, especially when passengers are traveling a minimum of 50 floors multiple times a day. Elevators are equipped Hafeez Contractor, AIIAGD Arch, MS Arch & UD with load sensors, which factor the load on the elevator car (USA), Director of Architecture Honoris Causa, has including human weight. Thus, with no more than a set weight impacted the skyline of much of the built allowed, riders are ensured the elevator is not too crowded, which environment of metropolitan India. He set up means a comfortable amount of space is available for each practice in 1982 and soon gained a reputation for passenger.

Safety and Security Safety is the most important factor, and elevators are equipped with systems to deal with situations like power failure, crime or dangers to maintenance personnel. Standby power systems provide enough energy during a power outage to evacuate

dedication to design excellence, efficient delivery and sophistication in building technology. Today, he heads the largest architectural firm in India, with a team of more than 550 architects, urban/ town planners, interior designers, landscape artists, civil engineers, CAD operators and 3D and graphic designers. • Issue 1, Volume 11 • elevatorworldindia.com

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Product Spotlight

Raising the Standard Lift packages, security solution and improved controller poised to bring big improvements.

thyssenkrupp has launched its AGILE “elevator enhancement package� it says will “improve passenger wait and travel times in a safer, more personalized environment.� It can allow building managers to more intelligently group and assign passengers to elevators, move people more rapidly to their destination, adjust passenger flow in real-time, and personalize touchscreens and kiosks. AGILE includes destination controls, security access, and management and design centers. The destination controls allow building managers to dedicate elevators to specific high-traffic areas as user demand changes, while saving on energy during periods of low demand. The design center allows building managers to add color and branding to their elevator touchscreens or kiosks via a PC or mobile device. Remote data management enables users to optimize equipment performance and adapt to changing needs from anywhere in the building. Security access can function independently or integrate with an existing security system, eliminating the need to redesign wiring infrastructure within a building. Various security access levels can be set with the system. Agile.thyssenkrupp-elevator.com

108

ELEVATOR WORLD India • 1st Quarter 2018 •

Contactor-Less Control Panel

â?Ž

â?Ž

Destination Control/Security/Management/ Design Package

TAL Engineering has released its VITA Lift Controller, which has no motor or brake contactor. Intended for both modernizations and new projects with variable-voltage, variable-frequency motors and hydraulic elevators, it is designed for completely silent operation, longer service life and less maintenance. The modular panels have no moving parts or electromechanical contactors, and are guaranteed for three years. The controllers, with fault finding and remote monitoring as standard, are preconfigured and include plug-and-play wiring. The Israeli manufacturer notes it is open for special requests and customizations for OEM and private labeling. đ&#x;Œ? www.taleng.com  


• Issue 4, Volume 10 • elevatorworldindia.com

109


Elevator World India Marketplace MARKETPLACE RATES Business Card (1/8th page) $75.00 US / 5,000 INR (1/4 page) $125.00 US / 8,350 INR Color and black and white available. To advertise, please contact advertising@elevatorworld.com

ESCALATOR COMB IMPACT & SKIRT IMPACT TOOL Tools for checking code required vertical & horizontal force for Setting Comb & Skirt Switches. They will also check distance at proper pressure to steps from skirts as required by A17.1 code. The tools are furnished in a Pelican Case with wheels for easy transport. Code Ref: A17.1-6.1.3.3.6 A17.1-6.1.6.3.6 A17.1-6.1.6.3.13 A17.1-8.11.4.2.20 As described in A17.2-7.17.2(b)(1 thru 8) For more information contact

dale@daletolar.com


ELEVATOR WORLD India Source Directory This section serves as a resource for the industry and consists of current Elevator World India advertisers and their website or email addresses. For detailed information on each company, please visit www.elevatorworld.com/ directory. Contact Anitha Raghunath at anitha@virgopublications.com or T. Bruce MacKinnon at tbruce@elevatorworld.com for more information.

AARON INDUSTRIES PVT. LTD.

EXCELLA ELECTRONICS

Website: www.aaronindustries.net

Website: www.excellaelectronics.com

ADCO CONTROLS

FUJITEC INDIA PRIVATE LIMITED

Website: www.adcocontrols.com

ADON COMPONENTS

Website: www.adoncomponents.com

Website: www.fujitecindia.com

GIOVENZANA INTERNATIONAL B.V. Website: www.giovenzana.com

AFAG MESSEN UND AUSSTELLUNGEN GMBH

HYDRO-PNEUMATIC TECHNIKS

ALTENMO TECHNOLOGIES PVT. LTD

IFO – ISTANBUL FAIR ORGANIZATION

Website: www.altenmo.com

Website: www.asansoristanbul.com

APSON INC.

INDITECH SYSTEMS

Website: www.apson.co.in

Website: www.inditechsystems.com

BHARAT BIJLEE LIMITED

INELEX

Website: www.bharatbijlee.com

Website: www.eforfair.com

BLAIN HYDRAULICS GMBH

INOVA AUTOMATION PVT LTD

Website: www.interlift.de

Website: www.blain.de

CANNY ELEVATOR CO., LTD.

Website: www.canny-elevator.com

CREESTAA ELEVATORS PVT. LTD. Website: www.creestaa.com

DELHI ELEVATOR ASSOCIATION

Website: www.delhielevatorassociation.com

EC INDIA

Website: www.ecindia.in

ELETECH INDUSTRIES

Website: www.eletechindustries.com

ELEVATOR & ESCALATOR SAFETY TRUST Email: info@eest.in

ELEVATOR WORLD, INC.

Website: www.hipot.in

Website: www.inova-automation.com

ITALIAELEVA Website: www.italiaeleva.com

JADE ELEVATOR COMPONENTS Website: www.jadeec.in

JAYASHREE ENCODERS

JUPITER Website: www.jupitergroup.co.in

KINETEK Website: www.nidec-kinetek.com

Website: www.leoselevatorcomponents.com

ETC - ELEVATOR TRADE CENTER

LIFTECH EXPO Website: www.liftechexpo.com

LIFTINSTITUUT TEKNIK BELGELENDIRME VE GUVENLIK DENETIM HIZ. LTD. STI

Website: www.elevatortradecenter.in

Website: www.liftinstituut.com

EURASIA LIFT

MARAZZI (JIANGSU) ELEVATOR GUIDE RAIL CO., LTD.

Website: www.cnrexpo.com

• Exclusive interviews

Website: www.johnsonliftsltd.com

ESCON ELEVATORS PVT. LTD.

Website: www.esquireelevatorparts.net

• Monthly editor’s overviews

JOHNSON LIFTS PVT. LTD.

LEO’S ELEVATOR COMPONENTS MARKETING PVT LTD

ESQUIRE ENGINEERING CO.

• Daily industry news

Website: www.jencoder.com

Website: www.elevatorworld.com Website: www.esconelevators.com

ELEVåTOR WÅRLD

Website: www.marazziguide.com

• Issue 1, Volume 11 • elevatorworldindia.com

111


MAYR ANTRIEBTECHNIK Website: www.mayr.de

MESSE FRANKFURT

SHANGHAI BST ELECTRIC CO., LTD

Website: www.tectronicsindia.com

SHARP ENGINEERS

TORIN DRIVE INDIA PRIVATE LIMITED

Website: www.ieeexpo.com

Website: www.sharpengineers.com

MONTANARI GIULIO & C. SRL.

SICOR ENGINEERING INDIA PVT. LTD.

Website: www.montanarigiulio.in

Website: www.sicorindia.com

MONTEFERRO INDIA GUIDERAILS AND ELEVATOR PARTS PRIVATE LIMITED

SYMETRIX ELEVATORS

Website: www.monteferro.it

PHYSICAL MEASUREMENT TECHNOLOGIES Website: www.pmtvib.com

TECTRONICS ENGINEERS

Website: www.shbst.com

Website: www.symetrix.in

TAK CONSULTING PVT. LTD.

Website: www.takconsulting.net

Website: www.torindriveintl.com

TOSHIBA JOHNSON ELEVATORS (INDIA) PVT. LTD. Website: www.toshibaelevators.in

VIRGO COMMUNICATIONS & EXHIBITIONS PVT. LTD. Website: www.virgo-comm.com

VIRGO PUBLICATIONS

TANGENT TECHNOLOGIES

Website: www.elevatorworldindia.com

PROLIFT ASANSÖR SAN.TIC. VE LTD.STI.

Website: www.tangent.in

Website: www.proliftasansor.com.tr

TECHNO INDUSTRIES LTD

WITTUR ELEVATOR COMPONENTS INDIA PVT. LTD

Website: www.technoelevators.com

Website: www.wittur.com

TECNO DOORS PVT. LTD.

WOODFOLD MFG INC.

SCHINDLER INDIA PVT. LTD.

Website: www.india.schindler.com

Website: www.fermator.com

Website: www.woodfold.com

YASKAWA INDIA PVT. LTD.

Website: www.yaskawaindia.in

Advertisers Index Aaron Industries Pvt. Ltd.........................................72 ADCO Controls............................................................39 Adon Components....................................................23 Altenmo Technologies Pvt. Ltd..............................45 APSON Inc.......................................................... Cover 2 Arkel Electronic India Private Limited.................49 Bharat Bijlee Ltd..........................................................93 Blain Hydraulics Gmbh.............................................25 Canny Group Co., Ltd................................................57 Chr. Mayr GmbH + Co. KG........................................51 Creestaa Elevators India Pvt. Ltd...........................15 Delhi Elevator Association......................................71 EC India............................................................29, 63, 73 EEST - Elevator & Escalator Safety Trust..............99 Escon Elevators Pvt. Ltd.............................................1 Esquire Engineering Co.....................................66, 67 EXCELLA Electronics..................................................91 Fermator........................................................................27 Giovenzana International BV.................................75 Inditech Systems Pvt Ltd.........................................95 Inova Automation Pvt Ltd.......................................43 Jade Elevator Components.....................................55

112

ELEVATOR WORLD India • 1st Quarter 2018 •

Jayashree Encoders Pvt Ltd....................................59 Johnson Lifts Private Limited.................................85 Jupiter Enterprises.....................................................42 Leo’s Elevator Components Marketing Pvt Ltd.................................................................... 65 Liftinstituut Teknik Belgelendirme Ve Guvenlik Denetim Hiz. Ltd. Sti........................97 Messe Frankfurt Trade Fairs India Pvt. Ltd.........53 Monteferro India Guiderails and Elevator Parts Pvt Ltd...........................................................47 PROLIFT Asansör San.Tic. ve Ltd.Sti.......... Cover 4 Schindler India Pvt. Ltd............................................21 Shanghai BST Electric Co., Ltd................................69 Sharp Engineers..........................................................17 Sicor Engineering India Pvt Limited....................61 Tak Consulting Private Limited...........................103 Tectronics Engineers...................................................5 Torin Drive Private Limited........................................9 Virgo Communications & Exhibitions Pvt. Ltd..................................................................109 Wittur Italia Holding SRL..........................................87

Elevator World Products Elevator Engineering, Second Edition................11 The Elevator World App...........................................58 Elevator Electric Drives.............................................62 Escalator Engineering...............................................86 Elevator World India 2018 Media Planner.........96 New! Lift Modernisation, Second Edition....... 101 Elevator World Newsletters.................................. 105 Elevator World Podcast.........................................111 Elevator World Educational Materials...... Cover 3

Marketplace Dale Tolar & Associates Eletech Industries K H Funstar Elevators India LLP Mundapat Engineers Enterprises


Elevator Industry Educational Resources ELEVATOR WORLD offers a variety of educational materials that can help you gain the knowledge and skills needed to execute a job properly and safely. These materials provide great opportunities for training employees, self-study and/or field reference. You can choose from books, posters, CDs or software covering topics including:

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ELEVATOR WORLD INDIA | 1st Quarter 2018  

Interlift 2017 • ISO/TC 178 Plenary Meetings in New Delhi • Interviews with TJEI, Otis India

ELEVATOR WORLD INDIA | 1st Quarter 2018  

Interlift 2017 • ISO/TC 178 Plenary Meetings in New Delhi • Interviews with TJEI, Otis India

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