ELEVATOR WORLD | June 2018

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Contents 38

ELEVATOR WORLD June 2018

20

Vol. LXVI No. 6

82

COVER STORY 59

The People Issue The stories of 30 bastions of the industry are told in EW's new section.

FEATURE 130

Meeting Needs, Preserving Heritage

by Darren Papani Lyfthaus accessibility platform matches design of Sir Christopher Wren’s landmark Chapter House.

CONTINUING EDUCATION 112

Carriage Gates

135

Assessment Examination Questions

by Graham Kawulka History, codes and revised code-related design principles important for all North American tradespeople involved with private-residence elevators’ entrance safety devices Pass the examination to earn one hour (0.1 CEU) of CET®, CAT® and QEI continuing-education credit.

FOCUS ON CABS AND CAB AESTHETICS 88

Clear Vision for the Future by Kaija Wilkinson

90

Elevator Cab Decoration Planning Issues by Samson Babu

100

Where No Man (or Elevator Cab) Has Gone Before by Dr. Lee Gray, EW Correspondent

104

Product Spotlight: Eleclip by Bill Swenson

108

Canton Expands Cab Offerings submitted by Canton Architectural Products


SECURITY Available Button Options PB-13 California Code Compliant

Built for high traffic, hard

PB-14 California Code Compliant

duty installations, the Security Series is designed to take

PB-15 California Code Compliant

hard use year after year.

PB-16 California Code Compliant

Car Station Features as Shown:

PB-17 California Code Compliant

• #4 brushed 304 stainless

PB-18 California Code Compliant

steel • Square Braille

PB-19

• PB-13, PB-14 push button

PB-20

PB-38

Available Braille Options Round, 1.375“ diameter Square, 1.25” square

ELEVATOR FIXTURES & PUSH BUTTONS 1.800.843.1004 • www.innovationind.com © 2018 INNOVATION INDUSTRIES, INC.

INNOVATION

Street Tough.


Contents

82 110

110

Elevating Architecture submitted by Elevecture

COLUMNS 52

Digitalization and Lift Doors submitted by Meiller

56

Construction Industry on Display at New York Build by Matthew Jackson, EW Correspondent

76

How Biodegradable Oils Function in Hydraulic Environments by Mark Kreitzburg and Doug Muennich

82

Bridging Design With Technology submitted by KLEEMANN

120

Traffic Analysis for High Rise Buildings to Be Modernized by Darren Batey and Mikko Kontturi

126

Iran Seminar a Showcase for Global VT Perspectives by Dr. Mohammad Masoud Majidifar

ONLINE EXTRAS

www.elevatorworld.com In addition to selected U.S. patents, we offer: • Porsche Design Tower car elevator (this month’s Last Glance): more photos and video • Otis’ plans for major modernization at Willis Tower: video • Previews of articles coming in July: Revisiting One WTC, IAEC Forum and ECNY Supplier Showcase • NEII® and International Code Council efforts promoting Building Safety Month • JUNE WEB EXCLUSIVE: “The Jefferson Building” (pictured)

32 126

130

DEPARTMENTS 8

Editor’s Overview

10 Calendar 16 Comments 18

In Memoriam

20

U.S. News

38

International News

138

Product Spotlight

140

Classified

143

Advertisers Index

144

Last Glance


Our name is Otis and service is our signature

In 1861, Charles Otis signed his name to our first maintenance contract and we’ve been committed to personalized service ever since. Today, we’re amplifying our commitment with the Internet of Things to continue to set the standard for service.


Mission Statement The intelligent collection, management and distribution of information for the benefit of the industry, while providing a global marketing platform that expands the reach of the industry to all corners of the world.

ELEVåTOR WÅRLD

®

Founder:

William C. Sturgeon

STAFF

Subscriber Services & Back Issues • ELEVATOR WORLD is available in both print and digital versions. Questions regarding new print or digital subscriptions, renewals, bulk subscriptions, subscription payments, change of address, back issues or billing may call (251) 479-4514 or 1-800-730-5093, ext. 42 or 23, or email caleb@elevatorworld.com or cleo@elevatorworld.com.

Editor and Publisher Ricia Sturgeon-Hendrick, ext. 25

News, Press Releases and Article Submissions • Submissions to be considered for publication should be sent to editorial@elevatorworld.com. Editorial space is non-paid; material is accepted based on newsworthiness or educational value and may be edited. Contact Managing Editor Angela C. Baldwin, ext. 30, or email angie@elevatorworld.com

Senior Associate Editor Lee Freeland, ext. 41

Reprints/Permission • To order editorial or advertising reprints, email Caleb Givens at caleb@elevatorworld.com. • To obtain permission to use any part of ELEVATOR WORLD, email Ricia Sturgeon-Hendrick at ricia@elevatorworld.com. Advertising • For display, classified or online advertising information, email Advertising Manager Lesley K. Hicks at lesley@elevatorworld.com. The Bookstore • For educational books, posters and videos, email Susan Crigler at susan@elevatorworld.com; online at www. elevatorbooks.com; or request our Educational Materials Catalog. Online • www.TheElevatorMuseum.org: Take a tour of the history of the elevator industry. • www.elevatorjobsitesafety.com: Complete Safety Handbook PDF, plus current revisions, quizzes, safety products, toolbox meetings and links. • www.elevatordirectory.com: A powerful online business directory, events calendar, classifieds section and more. How to Contact ELEVATOR WORLD Corporate Office USA • Shipping: 354 Morgan Avenue; Mobile, Alabama 36606 • Phone: (251) 479-4514 or toll-free: 1-800-730-5093 • Fax: (251) 479-7043 • Email: editorial@elevatorworld.com or sales@elevatorworld.com How to Contact ELEVATOR WORLD Turkey • Phone: +90 (216) 348 44 76. 348 42 99 • Fax: +90 (216) 348 44 05 • Email: info@elevatorworld.com.tr

Printed on recycled paper

ELEVåTOR WÅRLD

Executive Vice President T. Bruce MacKinnon, ext. 20 Managing Editor Angela C. Baldwin, ext. 30

Associate Editor Kaija Wilkinson, ext. 13 Assistant Editor Matt Irvin, ext. 40 Vice President of Production Lillie K. McWilliams, ext. 15 Graphic Design Associates Christen Robinson, ext. 24 Claire Nicholls, ext. 16 Web/Graphic Designer Matt Overstreet, ext. 11 Vice President of Sales/Marketing Brad O’Guynn, ext. 38 Sales/Marketing Manager Caleb Givens, ext. 23 Advertising Manager Lesley K. Hicks, ext. 29 Advertising Account Executive Scott Brown, ext. 31 Commercial Assistant Cleo Brazile, ext. 42 Educational Sales Service Associate Susan Crigler, ext. 19 Financial Associate Emma Darby, ext. 33 Managing Director, Turkey and Middle East Publications Bülent Yilmaz

1953

ELEVATOR WORLD, INC. BOARD OF DIRECTORS AND OFFICERS Angela Baldwin (V.P. Editorial), Massimo Bezzi, Jonathan Charest, Jo Chateau (Acting Treasurer), James Green, Ricia Hendrick (President, Chairman), Martha Hulgan, Achim Hütter, John Koshak, Robert Lane, T. Bruce MacKinnon (Executive V.P./Secretary), TAK Mathews, Lillie McWilliams (V.P. Production), Brad O’Guynn (V.P. Sales/Marketing) and Robert Schaeffer

TECHNICAL ADVISORY GROUP

John Antona, Richard E. Baxter, Louis Bialy, James W. Coaker, Ferhat Çelik, Walter Glaser, M.J. Mohamed Iqbal, John Koshak, Ami Lustig, TAK Mathews, Zack R. McCain, Parag Mehta, Richard Peters, Jay A. Popp, Ken Smith and Dr. Albert So

CORRESPONDENTS AND CONTRIBUTORS

Africa: Shem Oirere; Australia: John Inglis, Dean Morgan, Ritchie Lobert; Canada: John Murphy; China: Peng Jie, Zhang Lexiang, Dr. Albert So, Yihui Ruan; Europe: Luc Rivet; Germany: Andreas Wirths; Hungary: Marius Makovsky; India: TAK Mathews; Iran: Amir Reza Hashemi; Amirhossein Haji Seyed Boroujerdi Israel: Ami Lustig; Italy: Massimo Bezzi; Japan: Masaru Matsumoto, Youichi Saji, Masayuki Akiyama; Mexico: Raul Gonzales Mora; Netherlands: Koos van Lindenberg; New Zealand: Bob Johnston; Russia: Viktor Khristich, Yury Kireev; South America: Carmen Maldacena; Taiwan: Spenser Cheng; Turkey: Bülent Yilmaz, Süleyman Özcan; United Arab Emirates: M.J. Mohamed Iqbal; United Kingdom: David Cooper, John Gale; United States: John Koshak, Jim Coaker, Galen Dutch, Lawrence Fabian, Richard Gregory, David Herres, Dr. Lee Gray, George Gibson, Matthew Jackson

CORRESPONDING PUBLICATIONS

Argentina: Revista del Ascensor, Subir y Bajar; Brazil: Revista Elevador Brasil; China: China Elevator; Germany: Lift Report, Lift Journal; Greece: Anelkistiras – Greek Elevation Magazine; Iran: Donya-ye Asansor; Italy: Elevatori; Korea: Elestor, Elevator & Parking Systems; The Netherlands: Liftinstituut Magazine; Poland: Dzwig Magazyn; Russia: Lift Russia; Spain: Ascensores y Montacargas; Ukraine: Lift Expert; United Kingdom: Elevation ELEVATOR WORLD India is a quarterly magazine published by Elevator World, Inc. (Mobile, Alabama) and Virgo Publications (Bangalore, India). Advertising and subscription information can be found at website: www.elevatorworldindia.com. ELEVATOR WORLD Turkey is a bimonthly magazine owned and published by Elevator World, Inc. Advertising and subscription information can be found at website: www. elevatorworld.com.tr or by calling (251) 479-4514. ELEVATOR WORLD Middle East is a quarterly magazine owned and published by Elevator World, Inc. Advertising and subscription information can be found at website: www. elevatorworld.com and www.elevatorworldmiddleeast.com.

ELEVATOR WORLD is a registered trademark and all rights reserved. Copyright © 2018. For permission to reprint any portion of this magazine, please write ELEVATOR WORLD at P.O. Box 6507; Mobile, AL 36660. ELEVATOR WORLD is published in the interest of the members of the elevator industry, to improve communication within the industry and to further the continuing education of members of the industry. ELEVATOR WORLD publishes articles by contributing authors as a stimulation to thinking and not as directives. ELEVATOR WORLD publishes this material without accepting responsibility for its absolute accuracy, but with hopes that the vast majority of it will have validity for the field. The ideas expressed therein should be tempered by recognized elevator engineering practices, guidelines, codes and standards. Publication of any article or advertisement should not be deemed as an endorsement by ELEVATOR WORLD. Printed by Walton Press, Inc., 402 Mayfield Drive, Monroe, GA 30655. Periodicals postage paid at Mobile, Alabama, and at additional mailing office. Post Office Publication Number 172-680 (ISSN 0013-6158), under the act of March 3rd. U.S. Pat. Office. POSTMASTER: address all correspondence to Elevator World, Inc., P.O. Box 6507, Mobile, AL 36660; fax: (251) 479-7043. Published monthly. Subscription rates (print): U.S. and possessions: $89.99/one year. International, including Canada: $125/one year; Digital format: $39.99; Single copies: $15 in print, $5 digital; THE ELEVATOR WORLD SOURCE© (print or digital): $25. (All subscribers receive THE ELEVATOR WORLD SOURCE© free.) By using a credit card for subscriptions, you agree to Continuous Service.

The official magazine for:

6

www.elevatorworld.com • June 2018



Editor’s Overview

First Impressions Are Forever by Ricia Sturgeon-Hendrick As we search for that singular thing that defines our industry — be it suppliers, training technicians, safety in the field, new technology, family businesses, the OEMs, entrepreneurs, the next generation or even social media — sometimes we forget the real thing that illuminates every industry: People! This month, we honor the people you have nominated who mentored, built and improved the elevator industry in our time. We could not use every nomination that came in due to space and time constraints, but this feature will be back, because the stories are just too good to hide. The people in this section made a lasting impression on those who nominated them. Of the 30 people in the section, I know only about a third. That means twothirds are strangers (to me), but they made a lasting impression on others in the industry and I will be looking forward to meeting them. Some have been in the industry for a very long time — John Inglis, 76 years, but Volodymyr Sharovar, only two — proving that impressions are not based on length of service. Nominees come from all over the world: Egypt to Mumbai; Australia to the Bronx; Seattle to Rocky Mount, North Carolina; Palm Beach to Pune, India; and California to Wisconsin, proving there are good people in this industry everywhere. It is said that we are an industry in which you have to know someone in the family to get into it, but there are only a few famous family industry names in the group — Glaser, Lloyd, Shrum and Randle. So, what ties all these amazing people together? They made a positive impression on those who nominated them, and we hope they will do the same for you. Our focus topic this month is Cabs and Cab Aesthetics. What is your impression of a building if the elevator in the lobby is dirty or damaged? In PreEngineered Opportunities, Bill Swenson says that cab interiors are the first impression by tenants of a building’s care and maintenance. Building managers view the visual

8

www.elevatorworld.com • June 2018

as important as the function. The author presents a system of pre-engineered cab interiors. In Canton Expands Cab Offerings, Canton Architectural Products, an adjunct of Canton Elevator, offers a wide array of colors to match building interiors, plus specialized cabs for high-traffic demands. Our Continuing Education article this month, worth 1 contact hour, focuses on Carriage Gates by Graham Kawulka. The author highlights the history and evolution of car doors and gates on residential elevators, with emphasis on code issues and safety. In Clear Vision for the Future, new SnapCab President Corinna Mossberg talks with ELEVATOR WORLD’s Kaija Wilkinson about how the company is evolving with CorningÂŽ GorillaÂŽ Glass. Elevating Architecture tells the origin of Elevecture, a company that originated in National Elevator Cab & Door Corp. and was formed by the owner’s daughter, Lianne Friedman. Elevecture aims to revolutionize cab and building interiors using Gorilla Glass. Samson Babu, a consultant with VTME Vertical Transportation Systems Consultants in Dubai, has written an extensive article on Elevator Cab Decoration Planning Issues. The author elaborates on the recommended practices for decorating cabs and entrances, while coordinating various code issues. Tips include lighting, panels, ventilation flooring and much more. Finally, my favorite: Where No Man (or Elevator Cab) Has Gone Before written by Dr. Lee Gray. Gray investigates the futuristic elevators in Star Trek. Called “turbo-elevatorsâ€? or “turbolifts,â€? they moved vertically and horizontally (a premonition of thyssenkrupp’s MULTI?) and obeyed voice commands from the captain. All this talk of first impressions reminds me that I have a new iPhone X with “facial recognition.â€? It works great — except first thing in the morning or on the weekends when I don’t have on makeup! I guess I made a good first impression, but after that, not so much!   đ&#x;Œ?


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G-100

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Calendar

Calendar of Events Elevator U conference among upcoming learning events.

2018 June Pop/Joe 44th Annual Memorial Invitational Golf Outing North Hempstead Country Club Port Washington, NY June 11 This fundraising event benefiting the Elevator Escalator Safety Foundation and honoring “Pop” Frohlinger and Joe Marchese will be run in two sessions. For more information or to register, email golfouting@popjoe.com or visit www. popjoe.com. Elevator U University of Alabama Tuscaloosa, AL June 19-21 Additionally, a golf outing will be held on June 18. For more information, visit www.elevatoru.org. EESF Chicago Cruise Navy Pier Chicago, IL June 27 The Chicago Cruise Committee is hosting the event to benefit the Elevator Escalator Safety Foundation (EESF). A private deck will feature food, an open bar, entertainment and fireworks. For more information, visit website: cea-online.org/ eesf-chicago-cruise.

July Indonesia Lift & Escalator Expo Jakarta International Expo Jakarta, Indonesia July 11-13

10

www.elevatorworld.com • June 2018

The Symposium on Lift and Escalator Technologies will offer professional, peer-reviewed papers on topics of vital interest on September 19-20 at Highgate House in Northampton, U.K.

For more information, contact organizer Wahyu Promo Citra via phone: (62) 21-7892938, fax: (62) 21-7890647 or email: info@wpcitra.co.id, or visit ina-liftescalator.com. MESA Boat Cruise Capt’n Fishbones Seafood Grill Quincy, MA July 19 For more information, contact President Brian Hilfrank at phone: (781) 707-6652, email: masselevatorsafetyassoc@gmail. com or visit website: www.mesassoc.com.

August NexGen Educational Summit Westin La Paloma Tucson, Arizona August 23-26 For more information, download registration PDF at goo.gl/ygtNcH. MESA Golf Outing Olde Scottish Links Bridgewater, MA August 29 For more information, contact President Brian Hilfrank at phone: (781) 707-6652, email: masselevatorsafetyassoc@gmail. com or visit website: www.mesassoc.com.

September EXPOELEVADOR 2018 São Paulo, Brazil September 4-5 For more information, contact organizer

Cardoso Almeida Eventos at phone: (55) 22-2648-9751 or email: info@ expoelevador.com, or visit website: www.expoelevador.com. Wisconsin Elevator Symposium Grand Geneva Resort Lake Geneva, WI September 12-14 For more information or to register, contact NAESA International at www. naesai.org. Symposium on Lift and Escalator Technologies Highgate House Northampton, U.K. September 19-20 For more information on this annual event, which offers an opportunity for speakers to present peer-reviewed papers on the subject of their research, visit liftsymposium.org. NAEC 69th Annual Convention and Exposition Sheraton & Atlantic City Convention Center Atlantic City, NJ September 24-27 For more information, contact Alesa McArthur of the National Association of Elevator Contractors (NAEC) at toll free: (800) 900-6232, phone: (770) 760-9660 or email: Alesa@naec.org or visit website: www.naecconvention.com. Continued



The Indonesia Lift & Escalator Expo will be on July 11-13 in the bustling city of Jakarta, Indonesia.

October ASME A17 Elevator Code Week DoubleTree by Hilton San Antonio Downtown San Antonio, TX October 1-4 For more information, contact the American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME) at website: www.asme.org. Global Lift & Escalator Expo Dhaka International Convention City Dhaka, Bangladesh October 4-6 For more information or to register, contact organizer at info@virgo-comm.com or visit www.gleexpo.com.

European Lift Congress Heilbronn Villingen, Germany October 16-17 For more information or to register, visit website: tah.hs-heilbronn.de. International Lift Expo, Korea Kintex Seoul, South Korea October 16-19 More information, visit website: www.liftexpokorea.com CTBUH 2018 Conference JW Marriott Marquis Hotel Dubai Dubai, U.A.E. & Jeddah, Saudi Arabia October 20-25 For more information on the Council on Tall Buildings and Urban Habitat’s

European Lift Congress Heilbronn will see a gathering of industry experts descending on Villingen, Germany, on October 16-17.

(CTBUH) conference, “Polycentric Cities: The Future of Vertical Urbanism,” visit website: ctbuh2018.org.

November International Elevator & Escalator Symposium Renaissance Polat Istanbul Hotel Yesilyurt/Istanbul, Turkey November 15-16 The theme for this inaugural expo, sponsored by Liftinstituut Solutions B.V. & Elevator World, Inc., is “Safety and New Technologies.” For more information, or to register, submit a paper or book a booth, email info@elevatorsymposium.org or visit www.elevatorsymposium.org.

2019

For more information, visit website: newyorkbuildexpo.com. Eurasia Asansör Fair CNR Expo Istanbul, Turkey March 20-23 For more information, contact organizer CNRExpo at www.asansorfuari.com. Asansör Istanbul Tüyap Beylikdüzü Fair and Congress Center Istanbul, Turkey March 21-24 For more information on the 16th iteration of the biannual event, visit website: asansoristanbul.com.

April

NAEC Spring Educational Conference Naples Grande Beach Resort Naples, FL January April 14-17 ASME A17 Elevator Code Week For more information, contact Alesa McArthur of the National Association of Sheraton Sand Key Elevator Contractors (NAEC) at toll free: Clearwater Beach, FL (800) 900-6232, phone: (770) 760-9660 or January 7-10 email: Alesa@naec.org or visit website: For more information, contact the www.naecconvention.com. American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME) at website: www.asme.org. May

March

ASME A17 Elevator Code Week Phoenix, AZ New York Build May 6-9 Jacob Javits Center For more information, contact the New York, NY March 12-13 American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME) at website: www.asme.org. Continued

12

www.elevatorworld.com • June 2018



June YOUR EXPERT SOURCE FOR

ENCODERS

Russian Elevator Week Moscow, Russia June 18-20 For more information or to register, visit website: www.lift-expo. ru/en.

September NAEC 70th Annual Convention and Exposition Amway Grand Plaza Hotel & DeVos Place Grand Rapids, MI September 16-19 For more information, contact Alesa McArthur of the National Association of Elevator Contractors (NAEC) at toll free: (800) 9006232, phone: (770) 760-9660 or email: Alesa@naec.org or visit website: www.naecconvention.com.

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ASME A17 Elevator Code Week Toronto, Canada September 23-26 For more information, contact the American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME) at website: www.asme.org.

Regional Meetings and Events Canadian Elevator Contractors Association (CECA) Central Region Meetings are held the first Thursday in February, April, October and December. Contact CECA at phone: (905) 446-0327, email: office@ceca-acea.org or website: www.ceca-acea.org. CECA Eastern and Western Regions Four meetings per year on an as-needed basis. Contact CECA at phone: (905) 446-0327, email: office@ceca-acea.org or website: www.ceca-acea.org. Chicago Elevator Association (CEA) First Thursday of each month, September-June (no meetings during July and ­August). Contact Tom Przybyla at phone: (708) 371-2444 or fax: (708) 371-2477. Elevator Association of Florida Meetings are held on the second Tuesday of January, April, July and October. Contact Treasurer Lee Rigby at phone: (850) 294-1070, fax: (850) 210-0085, email: elevatorlee@aol.com. Elevator Association of Minnesota (EAM) September, December, spring and a June golf outing. ­Contact Rick Lowenberg of Minnesota Elevator, Inc. at phone: (507) 245-4208. Elevator Conference of New York (ECNY) Dates to be announced on the ECNY website. Contact ECNY at email: info@ecnyweb.com or website: www.ecnyweb.com. Elevator Industry Organization of Southern California Meetings are held monthly, along with an annual golf tournament. Contact President Mike Shaw at phone: (805) 512-1654. International Association of Elevator Consultants – New York (IAEC-New York Region) Meets quarterly in March, June, ­September and ­December on the

14

www.elevatorworld.com • June 2018


s­ econd Tuesday in New York, NY. ­Contact Joe Neto, Jr. at email: jneto@josephneto.com. Massachusetts Elevator Safety Association (MESA) Meetings are held on the second Tuesday of each month (except July and August) at Jake n JOES Sports Grille on Route 1, Norwood, MA. Contact President Brian Hilfrank at phone: (781) 707-6652, email: masselevatorsafetyassoc@gmail.com or website: www.mesassoc.com. Northern California Elevator Industry Group (NCEIG) Third Wednesday of each month (except July and August). Contact NCEIG at website: www.nceig.org for meeting dates and locations. An expanded calendar with associated industry events is available at website: www.elevatordirectory.com/event   . đ&#x;Œ?

Elevate Training Courses Great Missenden, U.K. — September 6, 2018 New York City — October 9, 2018 Shanghai, China — November 21, 2018 Great Missenden, U.K. — March 14, 2019 San Diego — May 7, 2019 Great Missenden, U.K. — September 5, 2019 Singapore — November 21, 2019 Sydney — November 25, 2019 Elevate Training Courses (Advanced) Great Missenden, U.K. — September 7, 2018 New York City — October 10, 2018 Shanghai, China — November 22, 2018 Great Missenden, U.K. — March 15, 2019 San Diego — May 8, 2019 Great Missenden, U.K. — September 6, 2019 Singapore — November 22, 2019 Sydney — November 26, 2019 For complete details on Elevate Training Courses, contact Peters Research Ltd. at website: www. peters-research.com/training. American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME) International Professional Development Course For information on all courses, contact ASME toll free: (800) 843-2763, outside North America: (973) 882-1170, fax: (973) 882-1717 or (973) 882-5155 or email: infocentral@asme.org. NAESA International QEI and Code Training For more information on all NAESA International Education programs and QEI testing, contact Bob Shepherd at phone: (609) 780-5551 or email: bob@naesai.org.

June 2018 • ELEVATOR WORLD

15


Comments Correction

Hugs

Following further research by its author Ken Smith, the Continuing Education article “Maintaining and Adjusting VariableTorque Brake Controls” in May 2018’s issue required two corrections in its print version. First, the “R8” designation in the graphic on page 84 should have been removed. Second, in point “4)” on page 86, “R8” should have been changed to “R10.” All electronic versions have been corrected.

Otis President Judy Marks on April EW Article Thank you, thank you, thank you! Newspeople never get PA6679-20 Encore:IPC 1/8/09 9:44 AM Page 1 hugs. We are very appreciative. . . . Editor

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www.elevatorworld.com • June 2018


YOU vs. TRIPPING HAZARDS What if there was a device that enhanced public safety, but was not required by Code. Would you recommend it or even install it?

By Rick Macareno

In my opinion, there are no wrong answers to the question above –but, as an elevator inspector and consultant, I would agree with those who think safety is paramount. After all, isn’t the foremost intention of Code compliance “public safety”? Without much thought, millions of people ride elevators – expecting a safe stop at their destination. But, what if the elevator fails to level at the floor like Code requires? Until now, there is no device that would warn and help protect passengers from the impending danger. That is why elevator companies, building managers, and cab designers

are being proactive installing SillGlow® lights on their elevators– safeguarding passengers and also reducing their liability exposure. Think of SillGlow® lights as elevator demarcation lights. It’s a visual alarm that constantly blinks. SillGlow® is only an eighth of an inch thick and it can be installed in minutes just below the car sill. SillGlow® lights can be seen before entering or exiting the elevator, warning passengers of possible misalignment. Finally, I hope that we always err on the side of caution. As elevator professionals, isn’t that our public responsibility?

Shine a light on tripping hazards

To learn more call 786.773.7800 or Visit SillGlow.com / Patent pending

Rick Macareno is an electrical engineer, elevator inspector/consultant and principal at Dade Elevator Inspections in Miami, Florida


Ecrüment Hızal, founder and former managing director of Wittur Turkey, passed away on March 26. His colleagues at Wittur had this to say: “In addition to his family, those of us who had the opportunity to work with him will also feel a tremendous loss. He was an extraordinarily smart and accomplished entrepreneur. His exceptional work ethic, long-term commitment to the lift industry, unwavering desire to always do the right thing and belief that his colleagues were integral to both his personal and the company’s success made him truly one of a kind. He will be deeply missed, and we extend our sincere condolences to his family.”

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Leonard Christiaan “Len” Houwen, who worked for The Peelle Co. for 44 years and was a longtime member of the Canadian Elevator Contractors Association, passed away on April 27 at age 66. Services were held in early May. Survivors include wife, Brenda; children, Lenny and James; two grandchildren; and many siblings, nieces and nephews. Condolences and donations in Houwen’s memory to the Canadian Cancer Society may be made online at www.gouletfuneralhome.com. Peelle said of Houwen: “Len worked in the factory in the interlock department before moving into the office for a sales position, eventually leading the Canadian sales territory as manager. As a detail-oriented salesman, Len earned the respect of his customers and peers, providing accurate quotes and generating excellent sales response. His attention to detail and depth of knowledge about our quoting process proved invaluable when it came time to modernize our price books with a computerized quote tool. Len created one of the most important devices we use today to quote jobs and secure orders. He was an integral part of our success.”


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Edith Joyce James, a pioneer for women in the verticaltransportation (VT) industry, passed away on January 12 at her son’s home in Tucson, Arizona, at the age of 91. James began her VT career in St. Louis in 1971 with William A. Miller Machine & Elevator, going on to run the company. She founded James Elevator in St. Louis, then enjoyed a 28-year career in structural steel as owner/operator of J&J Steel Erectors, also in St. Louis. James inspired her son, Lester Appel, to pursue an elevator career. He got his start at Miller and worked as a union mechanic throughout the 1970s before launching Apple Elevator, with James’ help, in Oakland, California, in 1983. Appel described his mom as “a larger-than-life personalityâ€? who was a fixture at National Association of Elevator Contractors (NAEC) conventions for many years. “She was proud of her achievements and those of her son in the industry,â€? said Appel, who organized a celebration of her life in St. Louis on June 3. James is survived by children Lester and Andrea, and four grandchildren. When I joined the industry in the 1960s, Edith James was the only woman I’d met who was heading up an elevator company. At NAEC, she was right in there with all the guys, holding her own in meetings. She was an inspiration to me and totally a force to be reckoned with! My thoughts are with her family. — Ricia Sturgeon-Hendrick   đ&#x;Œ?

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June 2018 • ELEVATOR WORLD

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U.S. News

Business Moves Big announcements from UTC, Gustav Wolf and KONE

UTC Unveils Center for Intelligent Buildings in Florida United Technologies Corp. (UTC) officials cut the ribbon in April on UTC’s US$115-million, 224,000-sq.-ft. Center for Intelligent Buildings in Palm Beach Gardens, Florida, WLRN Public Radio reported. Bob McDonough, UTC Climate, Controls & Security president, observed the facility showcases features of the company’s heating, ventilation and air conditioning; elevator; escalator; fire/security; and building-automation offerings that are typically hidden, such as escalator belts. Florida Governor Rick Scott praised the move as a job generator that will provide an economic boost for years to come. The center currently employs 350, and expects to add another 130 jobs by 2021. McDonough stated more than 6,000 business customers will visit the center, located in the I-95 corridor, in the first year.

growth is a continuous process. This year, we’re expecting our group turnover to increase by 15%, reaching US$184 million,” Managing Director and majority shareholder Dr. Ernst Wolf commented. Now with six rope plants on three continents (Asia, Europe and North America), Gustav Wolf enters what it calls another of the biggest markets for its specially constructed ropes. Reinhard Bänisch, division manager for steel-wire ropes, detailed, “From May onwards, we’ll be additionally installing some new machines. And that’s just the beginning. We plan to have 30 staff at the site and want to achieve a turnover of US$12.3 million.” Richard Lindemeyer, who manages the U.S. site, weighed in, “We’ll manufacture about 3,000 T. of elevator rope in the U.S. per year, exclusively for the American market.” Gustav Wolf holds numerous patents for such rope constructions as hybrid ropes. “These are special ropes, made not of conventional steel, but of a lighter Kevlar® and steel, and offer us significant weight advantages for elevators in today’s skyscrapers,” explained Sales Manager Antonio Pagan. Wolf added: “Our aim is and has always been to be able to deliver our premium products to our customers within 24 hr. Establishing a base in the U.S. means that we can now accomplish this for all our customers throughout the world.”

Continued

UTC’s Center for Intelligent Buildings in Palm Beach Gardens, Florida; image courtesy of UTC

Gustav Wolf Opens Factory Gustav Wolf GmbH opened its new factory in Rome, Georgia, in April. The wire and rope manufacturer, headquartered in Gütersloh, Germany, is, thus, pushing ahead with its international strategy and making a move toward further growth. “Our organic

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(l-r) Managing Director Dr. Ernst Wolf, Production Manager Gerry Blalock and Division Manager for steel-wire rope Reinhard Bänisch at the opening of the elevator-rope factory


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Gustav Wolf calls the Stars and Stripes hanging from the rafters “an essential fixture” in its 61,354-sq.-ft. American factory.

Texas-Based Heartland Elevator Acquired by KONE KONE has acquired the service and repair business of Heartland Elevator, LCC, of Lewisville, Texas, including its operations throughout the Dallas area. Observing the acquisition strengthens KONE’s local operations and brings additional talent and experience to the Dallas area, KONE said Heartland was founded in 2014 and has built a “solid reputation of performing high-quality service, modernization and repair work.” Executive Vice President for KONE Americas Larry Wash welcomed Heartland employees to the KONE team.

UNITED STATES INDUSTRY NEWS Send to the editor: P.O. Box 6507, Mobile, AL 36660 or email editorial@elevatorworld.com.

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Contact a Wittur Sales Professional and permit us to assist you.

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U.S. News

Transit Systems Upgrades on the way for Philadelphia, D.C. and Queens.

WMATA Tests Color-Coded Escalator Handrails

GAL Appoints Messina Corporate, IP Property Counsel GAL Manufacturing Corp. has appointed Chris Messina of Unionville, Connecticut, corporate and intellectual-property (IP) council. Reporting to Vice President of Operations Paul Seifried, Messina will support GAL through legal and business initiatives, with a particular focus on IP protection and patent licensing. As a patent attorney, Messina is familiar with the workings of engineering facilities from an array of disciplines including power distribution, industrial manufacturing and electronics development. He holds an MS in Biomedical Sciences, a BS in Chemistry and a JD in Intellectual Property from the University of Connecticut. GAL CEO Mark Boelhouwer stated: “Messina further reinforces our ongoing business endeavors. We have active development pipelines in several locations, and, with Messina guiding our employees through the legal IP maze, I am confident we will achieve our objectives faster and with greater success.” Messina

The Washington Metropolitan Area Transit Authority (WMATA) has begun testing color-coded escalator handrails to help direct Metro riders to the different lines, Washingtonian.com reported in April. The test, being conducted at the Fort Totten station, was undertaken based on a staffer’s suggestion, WMATA said. The escalator handrails, in green, yellow and red, correspond with the lines available at the station, which are accessed at different platforms. WMATA characterized the test as a “costneutral” project, because the handrails are replaced regularly anyway, and the price difference for colored handrails is “negligible.”

A Twitter post by rider @thejennyjude shows the colorful escalator handrails in WMATA’s Fort Totten Metro station. Washingtonian.com said the post garnered 15,000 likes and hundreds of comments within 24 hr.

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New Elevators Improve Access for Philly Commuters Life is about to get a little easier for commuters who use the Southeastern Pennsylvania Transportation Authority (SEPTA) 15th Street station in Philadelphia, as upgrades to the facility will include more new elevators, The Philadelphia Tribune reported in April. The station, plus another SEPTA facility at City Hall, are undergoing overhauls of a combined US$146 million. The work includes 14 new elevators, some of which are already operational. The 15th Street station connects to an underground concourse that provides access to several lines for subway, light rail and trolleys. Among improvements riders will see are new platforms, fare gates and security cameras. SEPTA currently has elevators at the 15th Street station and is in compliance with the Americans With Disabilities Act, but the new elevators will expand capacity and add locations for accessibility, a spokesperson said. The work there, which began in 2016, is expected to be completed during the first quarter of 2019.

will be shifted down to enable large trucks to pass beneath the platform. Additionally, the platform roof and street and platform stairs will be replaced. MTA announced the plans after advocates for the disabled heavily criticized its decision to not include elevators in renovations at four other stations in the Astoria neighborhood of Queens.

Queens’ Astoria Subway Station to Receive Four Elevators The Metropolitan Transportation Authority (MTA) will close the Astoria Boulevard subway station in Queens, New York, for nine months during an overhaul of the facility that includes the addition of four elevators, the Astoria Post reported in April. During a meeting of the Community Board 1 committee, District Manager Florence Koulouris said the work would be “substantially completed” by 2020. Four elevators will be installed at the station: two from the street to the mezzanine, and two from the mezzanine to the platform. The work will require significant changes to accommodate the elevators, including completely replacing the mezzanine, and reinforcing the columns and foundation. The mezzanine will be raised, and the road

June 2018 • ELEVATOR WORLD

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U.S. News

NYC High-profile contracts let and projects announced, plus a new initiative for safety in New York City (NYC).

Schindler VT System to Serve One Vanderbilt One Vanderbilt, a skyline-defining building ELEVATOR WORLD has been watching closely (EW, December 2014; March, July and December 2015; and September 2016), now has a vertical-transportation (VT) partner in Schindler, with a contract awarded by construction manager AECOM Tishman Construction. The 58-story, 1.7-million-sq.-ft. office tower designed by Kohn Pedersen Fox (KPF) is being built in Midtown adjacent to Grand Central Terminal. SL Green Realty Corp. is the developer, and the terminal will receive US$220 million in infrastructure upgrades. One Vanderbilt will be outfitted with 42 elevators and five escalators. Thirty of the elevators will be equipped with Schindler’s PORT destination-dispatch technology. The building is expected to open in 2020.

New Design for Durst’s Queens Plaza Park Tower Revealed A “restrained yet distinctive” new design by Handel Architects has been revealed for the Durst Organization’s Queens Plaza Park Tower, a 63-story, 710-ft.-tall residential building that will be the tallest tower in Long Island City, Queens, New York YIMBY reported. Its shimmery, concave façade will cradle the 1927 Art Deco Long Island City Clock Tower, which will be retrofitted to house 50,000 sq. ft. of commercial and retail space. The look for 29-37 41st Avenue is quite different from a previous iteration that was just as tall but more geometric (EW, September 2017). Queens Plaza Park Tower will house approximately 960 residences within its 978,000 sq. ft., along with plenty of amenities. Construction is already underway.

Queens Plaza Park rendering from the Durst Organization and Long Island City Clock Tower from Google Maps

New Renderings, Plan for Significant NoMad Skyscraper New York YIMBY has revealed new renderings by Bjarke Ingels Group (BIG) for an approximately 60-story, 800-ft.-tall office tower at 3 West 29th Street in the North of Madison Square Park (NoMad) neighborhood. The site was originally intended for a 60-story residential tower by Moshe Safdie (EW, December 2015). Developer HFZ Capital shifted gears in September 2017 when it One Vanderbilt by KPF

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Continued



filed plans for the latest iteration, officially known as 29th and 5th. It is distinguished by smaller floorplates to attract an underserved market, a surrounding public park and outdoor space for each floor, akin to Tishman Speyer’s Spiral, also designed by BIG (EW, April 2016). No completion date has been announced, but groundwork is underway, meaning the tower will likely be finished by 2021.

tall building will have 590,000 sq. ft. for its 481 condo units, with another 23,250 sq. ft. devoted to commercial space in the cellar and on the ground floor. There will be more than 50,000 sq. ft. of resident amenities, including a pool, a squash court, a game room, a children’s area and an exercise room. To ensure unique living spaces, more than 190 floor plans will be available. Tishman Speyer is the developer, and Hill West Architects is the architect of record.

Massive Brooklyn Project Draws Protests A proposed massive, mixed-use complex in Downtown Brooklyn that includes two high-rise towers is meeting with community resistance, Architectural Record reported in April. During a public hearing for residents of the borough, protests over plans for the project, 80 Flatbush, ranged from its scale and density to a shortage of school openings, inadequate affordable housing and the burden its 900 new apartments would put on transit and other infrastructure (EW, June 2017). Still others protested the fact that the tallest structure, a 74-story tower standing nearly 1,000 ft. tall, will block sunlight and views of the Art Deco clock tower of the former Williamsburg Savings Bank Building. Alloy Development is seeking rezoning for the site to triple the allowable floor-area ratio. In addition to the tallest tower, plans call for a 38-story high rise, two new schools and the refurbishment of two 19th-century buildings into cultural venues.

Continued

An approximately 60-story office tower planned in NoMad; rendering by BIG

Renderings Show “Defining” Tower for Brooklyn Chicago-based architectural firm Studio Gang has released renderings for its first NYC skyscraper, a 51-story condominium tower at 11 Hoyt Street in Downtown Brooklyn, New York YIMBY reported in April. The tower, which sits on the former footprint of a Macy’s store, bears a strong resemblance to “New York by [Frank] Gehry,” the source said, referring to an iconic tower at 8 Spruce Street in Manhattan, adding that the new building “may well become a defining tower” on Brooklyn’s skyline. The 591-ft.-

Developer Tishman Speyer released this rendering of 11 Hoyt Street, a proposed condominium tower in Downtown Brooklyn designed by Chicagobased Studio Gang.

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In this rendering from Alloy Development, the clock tower of the former Williamsburg Savings Bank Building is visible near the bottom center; to its left are the towers of the proposed 80 Flatbush development.



Moinian Eyes Financial District for 37-Story Tower The Moinian Group has filed permits to build a 37-story, 464-ft.-tall mixed-use tower at 3 Platt and 110 John streets in the Financial District, New York YIMBY reported. Hill West Architects will handle the design, set to include 250 apartments and five levels of retail at the base within 267,760 sq. ft. Although renderings had not yet been released in late March, permits indicate a setback on the 32nd floor for a possible outdoor terrace. The site is within five blocks of the Fulton Street subway station, and the plan also includes 34 parking spots.

ECNY Convenes Inaugural Safety Roundtable

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Dealing with safety issues is a growing expense for contractors and manufacturers in the vertical-transportation industry, so the Elevator Conference of New York (ECNY) called its inaugural Safety Roundtable on March 20, 2018, to address the topic. Under the direction of ECNY board member Greg DeCola, company owners and safety directors who gathered for the event at Villa Barone in Bronx received updates on upcoming codes. New York City Director of Elevators Harry Vyas and Assistant Commissioner, Central Inspections Dmitri Dits participated in a question-andanswer session. Representatives of Panduit were on hand as the vendor spotlight guest, highlighting the company’s “Lockout” kit and discussing the various tools and accessories to meet lockout/tagout compliance. The event also included a raffle for a complete Lockout kit. DeCola told those present that the roundtable would be offered quarterly, though a specific date for the next event has not been scheduled. Reported by Matthew Jackson, EW Correspondent

• Exclusive interviews

ECNY board member Greg DeCola, left, demonstrates a safety procedure for an attendee of the inaugural Safety Roundtable, held in March; photo by Matthew Jackson.

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EMR Redesigns Website Electric Motor Repair Co. (EMR) has launched a new website (emrco.com). In addition to easier navigation, there is a new blog, EMR Today, featuring such useful topics as industry trends, expert advice and technician tips. With additional online form options, businesses can now submit more comprehensive service maintenance requests. The company expounded: “Redesigned with the customer in mind, the new site engages visitors and better communicates the company’s brand and culture with updated imagery, features and content. EMR’s roots date back to 1927 in Baltimore, and the site reflects the growth of the brand today.”

June 2018 • ELEVATOR WORLD

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U.S. News

Towers Around the Country Chicago remains hot, as Milwaukee and Denver get taller.

Tribune Tower Project Adds Chicago’s Second Tallest The developers who are transforming Chicago’s iconic, neoGothic Tribune Tower into condominiums and retail space have unveiled plans to build a sleek metal-and-glass supertall just northeast that would be the city’s second-tallest structure, the Chicago Tribune reported in April. Standing 1,422 ft. (433.4 m), the skinny, tapering shaft holding 439 apartments, 125 condos and a 200-room hotel, would be only 29 ft. shorter than Willis Tower and would surpass Trump Tower as second tallest. The US$1-billion project, being developed by Golub & Co. and CIM Group, includes repurposing the 462-ft.-tall, 36-story Tribune Tower into 163 condo units and building the new tower on a nearby parking lot, bringing more than 700 new residential units to an area north of the Chicago River. Occupancy of the Tribune Tower residences would commence in early 2020. Construction of the new tower could begin in late 2019.

A rendering released by developers Golub & Co. of Chicago and CIM Group of Los Angeles shows a sleek metal-and-glass tower they plan to build next to the Tribune Tower.

area. Construction is expected to take approximately two-and-ahalf years.

Couture on the Milwaukee lakefront, designed by Matt Rinka

New Rendering Shows Denver Office Building Developers have released an updated rendering for Block 162, a high-rise office tower planned for downtown Denver, DenverInfill reported in April. The 30-story, 595,000-sq.-ft. building will feature a curved roof and be accented by exterior and crown lighting. Tenants will have access to an 11th-floor rooftop terrace on top of the podium. Other amenities include a fitness center, bicycle storage facility with repair station and compressed air, and an on-site light rail stop. The site is on a city block taken up mostly by a surface-level parking lot, with two low-rise buildings at one end. Part of the plot is being reserved for future development. Patrinely Group and USAA Real Estate are developing the project. A construction timeline has not been released.

October Groundbreaking Expected at Milwaukee Lakefront Couture, a 44-story tower on the downtown Milwaukee lakefront (ELEVATOR WORLD, February 2016) that was delayed as Barrett Lo Visionary Development LLC negotiated construction costs, looks to break ground by October, the Journal Sentinel reported. Located at 909 East Michigan Street, Couture is set to have 312 apartments, 52,000 sq. ft. of retail/restaurant space and a transit concourse that will accommodate Milwaukee’s new downtown streetcar. J.H. Findorff & Son Inc. is the general contractor on the US$122-million development, part of an ongoing revitalization of downtown that includes the Lakefront Gateway

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Developers Patrinely Group and USAA Real Estate released this updated rendering of Block 162, an office tower planned in downtown Denver.


Schindler Destination Dispatch on Carnival’s New, Largest Ship Florida-headquartered Carnival Cruise Lines’ Horizon, the largest vessel in its fleet, is the first to be outfitted with a destinationdispatch elevator system, Travel Weekly reported. Carnival tells ELEVATOR WORLD Schindler provided the system. Carnival officials told the source passengers are “curious and cautious” with the system for the first few days, then find it very user friendly. Horizon embarks approximately 1,800 people an hour on embarkation days, when the system is reprogrammed to stop only at certain decks. The ship had its maiden voyage out of Barcelona earlier this year. Horizon is scheduled to begin cruising to the Caribbean out of Miami in September.


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Elevators to Bring Historic Bridge Into ADA Compliance A pair of elevators on either side of the historic Jefferson Avenue footbridge in Springfield, Missouri, would bring the attraction into compliance with the Americans With Disabilities Act (ADA), the Spring field News-Leader reported. City leaders are leaning toward the US$2.3million plan, which would be funded primarily by federal grants and include lighting. Council members described the bridge, built in 1902, as “integral to the economic vitality of Commercial Street, populated by local shops and restaurants, and a “Springfield icon.â€? The bridge, which is in need of repairs, has been closed for more than two years and was last renovated in the early 2000s.   đ&#x;Œ?

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A rendering shows ADA-compliant elevators at the historic bridge; courtesy City of Springfield.

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International News

Transitions TÜV SÜD chooses head of its British Isles segment; Garaventa and Wittur positions filled.

Austin Named CEO of TÜV SÜD U.K. and Ireland

Austin

Global technical service provider TÜV SÜD has named Brian Austin CEO for the U.K. and Ireland, a position that will make him responsible for seven specialty divisions with more than 600 employees and a total turnover of GBP55 million (US$78 million). He is replacing CEO Michael Valente, who is retiring. In the April announcement, the company said Austin is an experienced CEO with a proven track record in the development and delivery of strategic plans that achieve significant business growth. He has held senior-level roles across a range of industries, including aerospace, defense, and oil and gas. “Brian’s broad industry experience, of more than 30 years, will further strengthen our capability in the U.K. and Ireland,” said Oliver Jacob, CEO for Western Europe. “His knowledge mirrors our divisions’ diverse portfolio, which will help them all to remain at the cutting edge of their specialisms.” TÜV SÜD is a technical service provider of testing, product certification, auditing, systems certification, training and knowledge services. With more than 150 years of experience, TÜV SÜD has 24,000 employees in more than 1,000 locations worldwide. Within the U.K., TÜV SÜD experts operate across a range of industries, including lifts and escalators.

Garaventa Taps Donmung for Asia Business Development

Donmung

Goldau, Switzerland-based Garaventa Lift Group, a global manufacturer and installer of custom lifts, including home and commercial elevators and accessibility solutions, has named Ronny Donmung as business-development manager for Asia. In the April announcement, Garaventa CEO Andreas Stavik praised Donmung as a “strong contributor” to the company’s global reach. “Our objective is to make Garaventa Lift a strong presence worldwide in our industry. We are developing our competitiveness actively, and I believe this appointment will strengthen our progress on our geographical expansion initiatives,” Stavik said. Donmung, with more than 20 years in the accessibility lift business, spent the past seven years as managing director of Garaventa Lift Germany, where he was

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instrumental in increasing the company’s sales of platform lifts, stairlifts and home elevators. Prior to joining Garaventa, he spent 10 years as managing director for thyssenkrupp Accessibility in Germany and Austria. He previously had worked for Lifta Stairlifts.

Ontario Passes Elevator Reliability Act Saying that “stronger measures will give consumers more control over credit information and reduce elevator outages,” the Ontario Ministry of Government and Consumer Services posted on May 3 that the province has “passed legislation to give consumers easier access to credit information and improve access to elevators.” With the new law, Ontario has become the first jurisdiction in the world to establish standards for elevator repair times. It is to amend the Consumer Protection Act of 2002 to require elevator contractors to complete repairs in a narrow timeframe, regardless of contractual agreement (ELEVATOR WORLD, January 2018). Formerly known as the “Reliable Elevators Act” and, later, “Bill 8,” the elevator-industry portion has been combined with credit-industry laws and repackaged as the “Access to Consumer Credit Reports and Elevator Availability Act.” The government explains its action in the elevator portion as: “. . . reducing elevator outages and improving access to elevators through enhanced enforcement of maintenance requirements, publishing information about elevator performance to help consumers make better decisions before they rent or buy and creating new standards for new high rises to ensure they have enough elevators to adequately serve residents. Ontario will consult with the public and businesses in the development of these standards.” The “elevator action plan” addresses all 19 recommendations proposed in the independent Technical Standards & Safety Authority (TSSA) elevator availability study (available on the TSSA’s website at goo.gl/HT7Sep). Ontario also noted there are around 20,000 elevators in approximately 10,000 residential and institutional buildings in Ontario, including long-term care and retirement homes. It estimates 655,000 elevator trips are taken each day on these elevators.


thyssenkrupp and Partner Outfit Pakistan Mall thyssenkrupp and strategic partner Global Business Bridge Ltd. have installed 32 elevators and 28 escalators at Pakistan’s second-largest shopping center, Emporium Mall in Lahore. Covering 250,000 m2, the complex includes a hotel and conference center and sees approximately 44,000 visitors a day. The vertical-transportation solutions transport more than 3,500 passengers per hour. German Ambassador Martin Kobler and Pakistani entrepreneur Mian Mohammad Mansha attended the grand opening. Observing that Pakistan is an attractive distributor market — one of the five most important worldwide — thyssenkrupp stated: “With Pakistan having enormous growth potential, with new malls, office complexes, hotels and public-infrastructure projects such as ports and airports being built almost daily, the result is demand for around 1,000 new elevators per year, which ensure modern mobility within the new buildings.”

Wittur Names Estevant-Rigaut CHRO

Estevant-Rigaut

The Wittur Group has named Aline Estevant-Rigaut, a veteran HR professional with more than 25 years of international experience, its chief human resources officer (CHRO), the company announced in April. The announcement noted EstevantRigaut has led HR teams for major global companies across a variety of business sectors, including the chemical, packaging and automotive industries. She most recently served as global vice president for HR at Borg Warner Turbo Systems and had held a similar position for Owens Illinois. In each organization, Wittur said, Estevant-Rigaut “helped drive companywide transformation programs” by creating a culture based on talent and leadership development. Estevant-Rigaut was born in France and holds master’s degrees in HR management and business administration, as well as professional HR qualifications from the London Business School.

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www.meiller-aufzugtueren.de June 2018 • ELEVATOR WORLD

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International News

China New facility on the way, test tower opens, designs released, and opportunities arise.

Hyundai Breaks Ground for New Shanghai Plant South Korea’s Hyundai Elevator Co. has broken ground for a new plant in Shanghai (ELEVATOR WORLD, April 2017) that company officials said will more than triple its output capacity in the huge Chinese market, Pulse reported in March. The company said it was launching construction of a new, KRW120-billion (US$112.5-million) elevator factory on a 123,564-m2 site in Jinshan Industrial Park that would have an annual capacity of 25,000 units per year; Hyundai currently produces 7,000 elevators annually in the Chinese market. Hyundai said the plant will employ the latest manufacturing techniques, including machine learning and Internet of Things technology. It will have an R&D center and a 175-m-tall test tower that can test 14 elevators. Completion of the factory is scheduled for late 2019.

is approximately the same height as thyssenkrupp’s 246-m-tall tower in Rottweil, Germany (EW, September 2017). In line with stringent safety requirements, the tower is outfitted with an active mass damper system that significantly reduces sway caused by changes in weather conditions, and mimics extreme conditions such as earthquakes and typhoons.

thyssenkrupp’s Zhongshan test tower is slightly taller than its test tower in Rottweil, Germany.

Remarkable SOM Design for Hangzhou Wangchao Center

Hyundai Elevator Co. released this rendering of its new Shanghai facility, which is expected to open in late 2019.

thyssenkrupp Opens High-Speed Test Tower thyssenkrupp said a 248-m-tall test tower, one of the tallest in the world, “stole the show” at an opening ceremony for its new plant in Zhongshan City (EW, May 2016) in March. With 31 stories above ground and 13 shafts, the tower will be used to test highspeed elevators and the ropeless MULTI system. The plant and tower represent a US$128-million investment and point to the company’s continued investment in China, its largest market in Asia. New concepts and pilot products, including an elevator reaching speeds of up to 18 mps, will be tested in the tower, which

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“Programmatic, structural and environmental criteria” drove the striking design by Skidmore, Owings & Merrill (SOM) for the Hangzhou Wangchao Center, a 288-m-tall, 54-story mixed-use tower set to be complete in 2021 in the heart of Hangzhou, China, host of the Asian Games in 2022, designboom reported. SOM observed the structure, housing office, hotel and retail space within its 125,000 m2 is SOM’s design for the Hangzhou Wangchao Center Continued



adjacent to one of the city’s new subway stations and signifies its future as a new, global destination. Its distinctive, rippling silhouette is the result of a structure that “minimizes wind loads with eight mega columns that slope outward to create large, flexible floorplates.”

Shanghai Agency to Facilitate New Elevators for Old Buildings An agency has been set up in Shanghai to help get elevators installed in older residential buildings, Shine reported in March. About 220,000 buildings in Shanghai lack elevators, and of the one million households within these buildings, nearly 40% include residents more than 60 years old. The agency, the Jiajiale Elevator Installation Studio, was created because residents who were requesting elevators for their buildings — and even government officials — were confused about the procedures to have the work approved. The newly established agency has summarized an “elevator installation process” that smooths a procedure that will cut the approval process We hope to hear time to three months. The typical from you soon! CNY700,000 (US$110,570) cost of We hope to hear the installation will be divided from you soon! among residents according to a formula that will charge more to those living on higher floors, but the city will subsidize 40% of the amount once the elevator is ready for use. City regulations require that 90% of a building’s residents agree to the project before elevators can be installed.

“three rivers” of the Yangtze River. The total area of the project exceeds 160,000 m2. The source elucidated: “This area will focus on the introduction of modern service industries such as finance and insurance, high-end business headquarters, and cultural and leisure tourism, creating an international new center for the main city of Gangnam, and at the same time becoming an important tourist destination in the east of China.”

We are excited to teach your kids about elevator and escalator safety! We are excited to teach your kids about elevator and escalator safety!

Nanjing Supertall Details Released The Yangzi Evening News reported in April on the submission of the planning and design plan for the southwest Nanjing River Fishmouth Financial Agglomeration Project. The first phase includes a 580-m-tall tower for the sprawling project’s “A block” in Nanjing, which would be one of the tallest in the city and positioned as a new international center in the Jiangnan District. The Southwest River Fishmouth Financial Agglomeration Area is the core area of the Hexi Central Business District, located at the junction of what are known as the

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The Safe T Riders are ready to share their The Safe T Riders are ready to share their new and exciting program. Contact new and exciting program. Contact Elevator Escalator Safety Foundation Elevator Escalator Safety Foundationtoday todayor or visitvisit www.safetyriders.org totolearn www.safetyriders.org learnmore. more.Your Your school or organization can participate school or organization can participateininthis this education program that will teach education program that will teachchildren childrenall all about elevator escalator safety. about elevator andand escalator safety.

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International News

U.A.E. Countrywide growth seen for VT, while construction remains focused on Dubai.

Market Poised for Nearly 5% Growth A projection from global market research company 6Wresearch foresees a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 4.7% in the U.A.E. vertical-transportation (VT) market through 2024, Trade Arabia reported in April. In a report titled “UAE Elevator and Escalator Market (2018-2024),” 6Wresearch cites several factors contributing to the boom: growing acceptance of elevators in the residential sector; the increasing height of buildings; and more than US$200 billion worth of infrastructure projects in conjunction with World Expo 2020. Also cited were increasing numbers of tourists, especially in Dubai, which has led to the construction of new hotels. The U.A.E. VT market has seen sluggish growth over the past four years, the report said, because of government currency policies and a construction slowdown. Increased government spending and an inflow of foreign direct investment in the construction and retail sectors are expected to help boost the need for elevators and escalators, the report said.

and 360° view of Dubai. A tender for construction of the development is to be released later this year, and completion is targeted for 2021. Nakheel has been behind many of Dubai’s landmark developments, including the Palm Jumeirah itself and The World project, which features 300 manmade islands, just off the coast of Dubai, shaped to represent the continents.

Work on Fifth-Tallest Building to Start This Year Construction is scheduled to begin in Dubai this year on what will be the world’s fifth-tallest building, ConstructionWeekOnline. com reported in March. The 122-story, 570-m-tall tower, being developed by Azizi Developments at a site on Sheikh Zayed Road, will house residential apartments, topped by 22 floors for a luxury hotel. The developer is in consultation with architectural firm Atkins to finalize the design and plans to begin construction in the third quarter. The AED3-billion (US$816-million) skyscraper is scheduled for completion between 2021 and 2022, though Azizi is hoping to deliver the building on a fast-track basis, as quickly as 39 months.

Developer Nakheel plans this two-tower hotel/residential project for Dubai’s Palm Jumeirah.

Alimak BMUs for Centerpiece of Expo 2020 Dubai Cimolai Rimond Middle East has placed an SEK32-million (US$3.8-million) order with Alimak Group for its CoxGomyl building maintenance units (BMUs) to maintain and clean the special fabric elements that form the external skin of Al Wasl Plaza, the centerpiece of Expo 2020 Dubai. Designed by Adrian Smith + Continued

Ground Prep Bids Sought for Palm Jumeirah’s Tallest Dubai property developer Nakheel was seeking ground preparation proposals for PALM360, a two-tower luxury hotel and residential project that will be the tallest building on Dubai’s Palm Jumeirah, the Arab News reported in March. The 260-m-tall development will include Raffles The Palm Dubai Hotel and Raffles Residences PALM360, according to the developer. Among the amenities will be a sky pool — said to be the world’s largest — that will connect the two towers. The hotel will have 125 rooms, and there will be 331 Raffles-branded residences, including 16 penthouses that each will have an infinity pool, gym, home theater

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Al Wasl Plaza, designed by Adrian Smith + Gordon Gill Architecture


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VT Safety, New Technology Focus of First IEES in Istanbul

Organizers Liftinstituut Solutions B.V. and Elevator World, Inc. invite vertical-transportation (VT) professionals to the inaugural International Elevator & Escalator Symposium (IEES), set for November 15-16 at the Renaissance Polat Istanbul Hotel in Yesilyurt/Istanbul, Turkey. Professionals from the elevator and escalator industry, architects, developers and owners are welcome to participate in the program that will cover the topics of safety and new technologies in the VT industry. Experts will present papers during sessions spanning the two days, and companies will show their newest innovations in an associated exhibition. Those wishing to present papers should send their abstracts to paper@elevatorsymposium.org no later than June 29. To register to attend or book a booth, information can be requested from info@elevatorsymposium.org or by visiting www.elevatorsymposium.org.

Gordon Gill Architecture, the structure will be topped by a dome trellis structure 67.5 m tall and 130 m wide. When finished, it will consist of 13,600 m of intricate steelwork and weigh 2,265 mT. Alimak’s CoxGomyl will supply, install, test and commission the BMUs, with delivery anticipated by mid 2019.

40-Story Residential Tower in Dubai Forges Ahead Shoring, piling and excavation have been completed for the 40-story MB Residence in Dubai’s Jumeirah Lakes Towers waterfront community, putting the project on track for completion in late 2019, ConstructionWeekOnline.com and Arabian Business reported. MAG Lifestyle Development, the development arm of MAG Group, in a deal with Ali Mousa & Sons Contracting, has completed 20% of construction since July 2017. MAG CEO Talal Moafaq Al Gaddah said that MAG’s “meticulous approach to timely project delivery” resulted in completion of the enabling works. When completed, MB Residence will have 472 apartments, as well as amenities such as a gym, sauna and outdoor swimming pool.

MB Residence by MAG Lifestyle Development in Dubai’s Jumeirah Lakes Towers

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Savaria Acquires Colorado-Based H.E.S. Accessibility lift manufacturer Savaria Corp. has acquired H.E.S. Elevator Services, Inc. of Denver in a CAD1.4-million (US$1.1-million) purchase, the company announced in April. Laval, Canada-based Savaria designs, manufactures, distributes and installs accessibility equipment, including stairlifts, vertical and inclined wheelchair lifts, home and commercial elevators and ceiling lifts. H.E.S., which sells, installs and services a range of elevator equipment in Colorado, has been a Savaria dealer for five years. “Our two companies have prospered from a great relationship during the past five years, and we look forward to building on this foundation in the future,” said Marcel Bourassa, Savaria CEO and president. Though based in Canada, two-thirds of Savaria’s business comes from outside the country, mostly from the U.S. In addition to lift equipment, the company also produces products for the medical industry and adapts vehicles to make them wheelchair accessible.



International News

Australia Tall buildings set for metropolises around the country.

Southeast Asia Entertainment Hub in Surfers Paradise A project billed as a new “entertainment hub for Southeast Asia” featuring 56- and 72-story towers with 700 apartments and 400 hotel suites has been approved by the Gold Coast City Council in Surfers Paradise, The Urban Developer reported. Sydney-based EG Funds Development is behind “Wanderlust,” designed by Elenberg Fraser and including a 4,325-m2 pool club with bookable cabanas geared toward international acts such as deejays. The location is in the heart of the Surfers Paradise entertainment and nightclub district between Orchid Avenue and Surfers Paradise Boulevard. The apartments will start on level three of the 72-story tower. The project also includes four levels of basement parking for nearly 500 vehicles.

Wanderlust, designed by Elenberg Fraser and developed by EG Funds Development

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Developers of Brisbane Office Tower Aim High Charter Hall and Investa Commercial Property Fund (ICPF) intend to deliver a 40-story office building “of a standard not yet seen in the Brisbane market,” with a design by Blight Rayner featuring communal amenities, technological capability, natural light and sustainability, The Urban Developer reported. Following the lead of Melbourne and Sydney, Brisbane’s office market is burgeoning. Taking the form of a pair of adjacent structures, the design includes basement car parking, a rooftop recreation deck, multiple sky parks and 50,000 m2 of office space. If approved, construction is expected to start in 2019.

Blight Rayner designed this proposed Brisbane office building for Charter Hall and ICPF.


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New Gold “Landmark” for Jakarta Skyline Jakarta, Indonesia, has a striking new addition to its skyline: headquarters for telecommunications company Telkom featuring a 48-story, 219-m-tall gold tower designed by Woods Bagot, SkyRise Cities reported. In addition to Telkom Landmark Tower, which brings to mind origami, the central business district development includes a 20-story office building, a six-story podium and “revitalized” 16-story building. Woods Bagot Principal Patrick Daly observed features such as a podium bridge and multifloor atriums “reinforce [the idea of ] a cohesive culture and connected campus.” The tower’s façade blends form and function, with metal screens inspired by Indonesian textiles and sunshades that reduce heat gain and filter sunlight.

Telkom Landmark Tower; image by William Sutanto via Woods Bagot

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Triangular Residential Tower Planned in Rotterdam A Rotterdam-based architectural firm has released a design for a 110-m-tall, triangular residential tower for the Netherlands city’s rapidly transforming Maritiem District, ArchDaily reported in April. CasaNova, as the tower will be named, will feature a large base, with the lower four floors tapering until the building meets the base, creating a sharply angled form. The base will be shared with an adjacent residential building — The Muse, currently under construction — and will include a large garden, a fitness center, office spaces and shops. Renderings show CasaNova rising 31 stories. Each floor of the Barcode Architects-designed tower will hold three apartments, each with a balcony and windows offering 300° views of the city. The high rise joins nine other residential structures planned in the Maritiem District, which the source said promise to transform the area from a quiet business district to a lively mixed-use neighborhood. Construction is expected to begin in early 2019, and completion is targeted for late 2021.   đ&#x;Œ? Rotterdam-based Barcode Architects released this rendering of CasaNova, a 110-m-tall residential building planned for the city’s Maritiem District.

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Product Spotlight

Digitalization and Lift Doors Meiller innovation makes door drives intelligent.

submitted by Meiller Digitalization is a fact of the modern world, with more and more “intelligent” devices coming into use and changing people’s lives. While its implementation has become commonplace in some areas, the adoption of these advances is proceeding at a slower pace in others. In many regards, the latter is more the case in the elevator industry. This, however, is likely to change very soon. The industry’s major players have been focusing on this topic for a while. They have presented concepts that will soon set new standards for digital performance. As with earlier advances, smaller elevator manufacturers will once again be called upon to take action. One of the first questions to ponder is, where do components fit in with digitalization? While this question can be answered with relative ease when it comes to standard products of a group, it becomes more complicated with special systems or products of the smaller elevator constructors. The obvious answer is

Meiller offers a broad range of high-efficiency applications.

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that, in the future, components will network with systems, wherever possible, and generate data. The evaluation of this data provides information about the product and forms the basis for improving performance and availability and for developing new products and services that will result in new business models. Added value for operators and service companies may simply arise, for instance, when a component supplies information about status and changes. For the door manufacturer, it should be clear that the intelligence of an elevator door is located primarily in the door controller. Meiller, with its new development, the door drive concept MiDrive (MeillerintelligentDrive), is taking a first step in the direction of intelligent elevator doors. In its new drive concept, Meiller utilizes the latest motor technology, equipped standard with a CANopen interface. Boasting high efficiency, these motors are considerably more powerful than what has been available. The range of these motors extends from 200 kg to 800 kg. In combination with these motors, it is possible to handle a very broad spectrum with almost no weight and size limitations. Meiller achieves this by means of synchronous technology, which entails the coupling of two motors with a controller to one door through to optical coupling of two drive


units at landing and car doors. Doing so allows the operation of doors having a total door panel weight of up to 3.2 mT. All standard motors are offered with IP54 protection class, while specialpurpose motors up to IP67 are possible. Drives for Ex Zones 1 and 2 are available.

Energy Intelligence Standards Redefined From an energy perspective, Meiller’s new door drive concept sets innovative standards. The two energy-saving modes, ECO and ECO-Plus — which are available standard, at no extra charge, allow for switching off both the motor and the controller. Additional switches, as used in the past, are no longer necessary. Each mode achieves its savings by improving the recognition algorithms. As a result, the system uses no energy in standby mode and when the doors are closed, and correspondingly less energy during operation, thanks to the motors’ greater efficiency. While conventional door-drive systems save energy only when idle, Meiller focuses its new door drive concept on lower energy use during the operational phase. Previously known systems are only able to thermally transform surplus energy during braking. The efficiency of Meiller’s door drive was demonstrably improved. The Meiller modern processor architecture, sophisticated energy management and operation-optimized motors work to reduce heat loss. The system’s energy intelligence also allows adjusting of the energy consumption of the door’s motor in relation to the outside temperature, ensuring that the motor is ready to operate even at extremely low temperatures. The dynamic assimilation of motor

currents transforms the excess energy in the motor into thermal energy. The motor is heated by means of additional current supply at extremely low temperatures, and, thus, the system is kept ready to work. By comparison, current commonly used door drive systems operate with constant power, regardless of the outside temperatures, and require a separate transom heating unit for low-temperature operation. In addition to that, the controller provides sufficient energy to actuate the electrically controlled interlocks, eliminating the need for a separate power supply.

CANopen as Standard Feature While today’s door controllers are usually equipped with only one relay module and typically include a CANopen feature only after an extra charge, Meiller’s new door drives are designed with this communication standard built in. Consequently, the customer is free to decide if it wants to use CANopen for control purposes. Because both the controller, with its own firmware, and the controlled motors have CANopen, every additional component is able to process information and communicate with the door system.

Standard Arrangement for Fingerguard Meiller’s new door drives will improve the FingerGuard® safety system, which protects fingers – especially the hands of young children – from being hurt in opening doors. Using sensors, the CANopen feature allows the controller to automatically suppress faults and engage the FingerGuard system. This replaces the pulse current brake with static circuit, which could only respond to

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signals transmitted by the sensor. For operators, CANopen means considerably smaller investments when equipping doors with this safety feature.

Servo-Assisted Mode as Standard Feature The servo-assisted mode of the new door-drive system makes it possible to easily move heavy doors by hand, thanks to its ability to recognize and support this movement. Just as power-assist makes it easier to steer an automobile, this offers a boost when large, heavy vertical or horizontal doors must be opened manually, such as when rescuing passengers in an emergency situation.

Condition Monitoring Data analysis is a core function of Meiller’s new door drive. Real-time data regarding usage or faults is logged in the internal memory, which can then be studied. This analysis allows for monitoring of the door drive system, which can highlight changes in the setpoint parameters and make it possible to identify potential future failures. Hardware components can be automatically identified for later updates and the status of car doors and every individual landing door can be separately recorded and analyzed.

QR Code and App Door actuation is simple and fast via a mobile phone app. Door drives are configured onsite using defined QR codes for specific products and orders, and the door-control system can be accessed based on the order number. The lift door is assigned parameters that are adjusted to size and equipment configuration, then

adapted precisely to local conditions. Product-specific settings are possible in 22 profile parameters, giving the customer perfectly adapted operating profiles and the optimum settings. This feature simplifies and speeds up start-up without requiring any essential know-how. In case of problems, service technicians are able to quickly and easily provide support with the aid of special service QR codes. Error codes are displayed in plain language via the app on a mobile phone, making fault analysis simple for everyone. While software updates can currently be uploaded to door controllers only via laptops, this will also be possible via mobile phones equipped with the relevant app.

Meiller’s Door Control App in Detail The app is available for use on both Android and Apple devices, and is available in both the Apple App Store and on Google Play. The connection to the controller is implemented by Bluetooth without the user having to leave the application. The radio link is started by using a button on the controller. After being inactive for a certain period, the link is interrupted with a corresponding message sent to the user. The app makes start-up easy. The QR code is scanned using the the phone’s camera, which initiates data transfer to the controller and launches the teach-in operation. The system checks for firmware updates and allows the user to decide whether to initiate the update. Firmware files are downloaded to the controller from Meiller’s server.

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COMMIT TO QUALITY

Through the Meiller app and Bluetooth connectivity, users can undertake a range of tasks on the Meiller door drive.

The app also includes the appropriate operating, installation and adjustment instructions. The latest downloaded version is available for offline use. Another function is settings configuration. Through this function, data from the controller are retrieved, modified via the app and sent back to the controller. To create an external backup of specific settings, the configuration files can be sent via email and read again, if necessary. The monitoring function makes data available to the user, such as number of door-drive cycles, motor temperature, life-cycle display of the door drive, controller type and firmware version, motor type and firmware version and warnings. Customers can receive service and parts support through the app and, by scanning the QR code, the user can find listings for the exact part, with photo, to forward to Meiller for appropriate action.

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Optical Coupling of Landing and Car Doors With Meiller’s new door drive concept, door controllers can be optically coupled so they can communicate with each other. One controller can be assigned “masterâ€? status, with other units taking the “slaveâ€? role. This alternative to the classic skate system makes it possible to “optically coupleâ€? actuated landing doors with a car door. This way, inclined lifts or horizontally moving systems can be equipped with simple, standard components. The system is particularly attractive for large and heavy freight lifts that are not equipped with skate and hook lock, or that have deficiencies that could result in movements of the car due to load displacement. The possibility of minimizing the sill gap by implementing such a concept provides leeway for other creative approaches. With the door drive concept MiDrive, Meiller has taken the first step toward the digital world and provides the basis for future products, new services and strategic options. www.meiller-aufzugtueren.de   đ&#x;Œ?

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55


Events

Construction Industry on Display at New York Build

A large group gathered on the floor of the Javits Center for a NAWIC meeting.

by Matthew Jackson, EW Correspondent New York City’s (NYC) construction industry took center stage on March 19-20 during the New York Build 2018 tradeshow at the Jacob Javits Center. The show was an opportunity for companies involved in the project and construction management side of the building industry to present their products and services. Multiple educational sessions that allowed participants to stay abreast of NYC code updates, safety issues and more were included in the two-day event. Notable among these was the

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presentation “Elevators: Technology on Design” by Lerch Bates affiliate Joe Neto and Associates. This presentation gave attendees a broad overview of current and future elevator designs related to technology, layouts, accessibility requirements and overall system performance. Tim Russell, new design consultant with Lerch Bates/Joe Neto, led the discussion. Among the items and services on display related to the elevator industry were anchoring and connecting products, signage, consulting


Tim Russell, of Lerch Bates affiliate Joe Neto and Associates, leads the presentation “Elevators: Technology on Design.�

Members of the Lerch Bates team man the booth: (seated, l-r) Mick Carnevale, Michael Williams, Rida Balyasnyy, (standing, l-r) Robert Baker and Sam Russo.

An example of hoistway formworks on display at the Decorama booth

and hoistway formworks. Another feature of the show was a focus on “Women in Construction,â€? a growing facet of the construction industry. An on-floor meeting of the National Association of Women in Construction (NAWIC) Greater New York Chapter drew a large crowd, with the focus on the “NAWIC Core Purpose: To Enhance the Success of Women in the Construction Industry.â€? ELEVATOR WORLD supported the show with free copies of its March 2018 “New York Issue.â€? Participants particularly enjoyed the show’s location, which was moved from the Javits Center’s Tent Room, which is undergoing renovation, to the River Room, which gave visitors a nice view of the Hudson River. While New York Build is an expo designed more for the project and construction management side of the building industry, the BuildingsNY gathering, held in May also at the Javits Center, focused on the building management (property owners and managers) side of the industry. New York Build 2019 is scheduled for March 12-13, 2019, again at the Javits Center.   đ&#x;Œ? June 2018 • ELEVATOR WORLD

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THE PEOPLE ISSUE ELEVATOR WORLD is proud to present something new in this issue: a special section devoted to people. Nominations from our readers made this section possible, pointing out important fixtures in our industry, from those who keep the office running smoothly to those who can only be thought of as “industry icons.” Industry professionals featured hail from all over North America and many parts of the world, many of them performing work in multiple cities. The many accomplished women nominated was a pleasant surprise. EW learned there are numerous female professionals — both in the office and field — who have distinguished themselves as innovative, high achievers who are at, or at least clearly headed, to the top. We feel we achieved our goal of providing stories from a diverse array of professionals who make and have made an impact on our industry through the work they do and have done for their companies, their communities and the industry as a whole. It was a joy to hear such interesting stories, and we hope you’ll enjoy reading about these hardworking, unique pillars of the industry. We also hope this is only the beginning of what will become a recurring special section in EW. Let us know what you think of this new feature and if you’d like to see it again. We’re eager to continue hearing and telling the stories of this industry’s dedicated, hardworking people.


PEOPLE

Tracy Arntzen

Carisa Barrett

Title: Vice President, Genesis Elevator Co.

Title: National Coordinator, EIWPF

Years in Industry: 10

Years in Industry: 20

Based: Atlanta

Based: Seattle

Tracy Arntzen is vice president of Genesis Elevator Co., a full-service provider of commercial and residential elevators, dumbwaiters, wheelchair lifts and other home accessibility equipment in the Greater Atlanta area. The company also installs and services new equipment and can service, repair and modernize most elevator products. A 10-year veteran of the industry, she has also seen 25 more “as a devoted spouse of an elevator guy,” Jay Arntzen, who is also president of Genesis. Jay praised his wife, adding that Tracy: “. . . is an amazing woman who has provided great expertise to Genesis and worked hard to make sure the company holds true to its family values. She also is cofounder of and directs staff at the Saving Susan Ministry (SSM), a five-year-old nonprofit focused on orphan care in third-world countries whose borders are closed to traditional adoption as a result of human trafficking and government corruption. In addition to this core vision, SSM provides scholarships so these children can go on to trade schools or college once they are ready. . . . All of the organizational cost is funded by a committed board of directors, as well as 17% of Genesis Elevator’s net profits. This way, 100% of all the funds received by the Parent Partner families goes to each child to feed, house, care for and educate.” Former colleague Dawn Pogue said of her: “Tracy is a dynamic person to work with. I have gotten to know her through various professional organizations and am impressed with her professionalism, her focus and her energy. I would highly recommend working with Tracy and Genesis Elevator on any project.”

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The Elevator Industry Work Preservation Fund (EIWPF) is a national nonprofit headquartered in Maryland aimed at improving labor-management relations and promoting education and economic development. Carisa Barrett has been one of its coordinators for the past six-and-a-half years. She performs research; is an OSHA outreach instructor; manages an American Wind Energy Association (AWEA) grant program for new technicians; and last, but not least, is a member of the EIWPF’s Women in the Trades Committee. QEI-certified, Barrett not only talks the talk, but also walks the walk. Before entering the vertical-transportation industry, she was familiar with both the book and hands-on aspects of construction, having studied stick welding at Renton Technical College in Renton, Washington, and Green River Community college in Auburn, Washington; Electronics at Green River College; and Labor Law at Grace Carroll Rocky Mountain Labor School in Moscow, Idaho. She was an International Union of Operating Engineers heavy machine operator in the Seattle area for several years in the late 1990s before being drawn to an elevator mechanic apprenticeship with Otis through the International Union of Elevator Constructors (IUEC) in Seattle, which lasted nearly five years. Remaining in the Seattle area, Barrett then served as an apprentice with KONE for three years, then a full-fledged IUEC mechanic with thyssenkrupp for four years. For six months, she was a State of Washington elevator inspector before she took the EIWPF post. Barrett sits on these committees: ASME A17.1 5.11/A17.8 Wind-Turbine Elevator, AWEA Standards and Operations and Maintenance — Towers, IUEC Industry Exploration, and North American Building Trades Unions Women in Trades. In her spare time, she enjoys climbing mountains and hiking around the Pacific Northwest.


PEOPLE

Kevin Brinkman

José Guillermo Deyá

Title: Vice President, Codes and Safety, NEII

Title: President, Deya Elevator Service

Years in Industry: 27

Years in Industry: 63

Based: Eureka, Illinois

Based: Guaynabo, Puerto Rico

When Kevin Brinkman became general manager at National Wheel-O-Vator in 1990, he looked on it as “an opportunity to be more involved in the overall operation of a company and to gain experience in a new field.” Having been in the industry for more than 27 years now, this professional engineer is vice president, Codes and Safety, for the National Elevator Industry, Inc. (NEII®). NEII represents the world’s leaders in the industry, advocating for their interests. But, advocacy is only part of what NEII does; code development is also a major concern. The technical and codes teams of member companies work with NEII to ensure the model codes promote the highest level of safety, while advancing innovation and performance. NEII colleague Nicole Van Velzen nominated Brinkman for recognition, noting that he: “. . . actively participates in the development and adoption of model codes and standards that pertain to the elevator industry’s equipment, including the ASME A17.1/CSA B44 elevator safety codes, International Building Code, National Electrical Code and others that provide standards for accessibility, fire and life safety, and more. “Kevin keeps his finger on the pulse of all the developments in codes and standards to ensure the safety of elevator personnel and the riding public. Our industry would not continue to advance safely and efficiently without stringent codes and standards and the codes professionals who come together to develop them.” For Brinkman, a Huntingburg, Indiana, native who now works in Eureka, Illinois, the best part of the job is “the opportunity to work with a wide range of people in different areas of the industry.”

José Guillermo Deyá says it was simply “luck” that drew him to the elevator industry. It was more than just luck that made him the president of a successful elevator company, however. Through hard work and an enterprising vision, he launched Deya Elevator Service, which today has a maintenance portfolio of more than 2,800 units and employs and trains scores of people. Born and raised in the small city of Ciales, Puerto Rico, Deyá left home in 1954 at age 18, determined to make his own way in San Juan, the capital city. He lived with relatives and studied at vocational school, and, at age 19, became a mechanic with Otis. He struck out on his own four years later and founded his company. This one-man operation gained a reputation for quality service, which fueled quick growth. He began to hire family members, including brothers, cousins, nieces and nephews. His wife has worked in the business for more than 50 years, and a new generation, with his own children, has taken important roles. He’s never forgotten his own roots, however, and enjoys giving young people the tools and training to build their own careers. Today, Deya Elevator Service works with contractors on new installations, and does modernizations and, of course, service. This successful family enterprise builds its own cabins and has an electronics workshop that keeps it up to date on the latest technology. In 2014, the company inaugurated a new office in Guaynabo, and in 2016, Deyá was honored as the Chamber of Commerce of Puerto Rico’s Entrepreneur of the Year. You’d think being the president of a highly successful company would be a great source of pride, but for Deyá, “the satisfaction of employing 180 people” is the most rewarding part of his job.

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PEOPLE

Judy DeZenzio

Title: Branch Operations Coordinator for New Equipment Installation, Modernization and Service and Repair, thyssenkrupp Elevator Years in Industry: 14 Based: Syracuse, New York

If you ask Judy DeZenzio what it’s like working in the vertical-transportation industry, this U.S. Navy veteran who grew up in a military family sees important parallels between the elevator business and the U.S. Armed Forces. “Communication, organization and follow-up within this fast-paced business are also the cornerstones for serving in the U.S. military,” she says. DeZenzio has 14 years in the industry, and works in the Syracuse, New York, office of thyssenkrupp Elevator, where she serves as branch operations coordinator for New Equipment Installation, Modernization and Service and Repair. A native of Syracuse, DeZenzio has moved around, having lived in Florida, Connecticut and Minnesota. She started her career with thyssenkrupp in Syracuse but spent three years in the company’s Rochester, New York, branch before returning. As she has grown in her job, she has found plenty to love: the pace, the “unexpected opportunities to solve problems” and “the really fabulous coworkers all over the country I interact with constantly.” Fellow workers are, in fact, what tops her list as the best thing about her job: “These people are not only nice, but helpful whenever I feel ‘trapped,’” she said, throwing in an “elevator pun.” When she’s not at work coordinating a job — which involves working with both field and inside personnel — DeZenzio likes to relax with her hobbies of feng shui or practicing tai chi. She was nominated by her branch manager, Matt Reichin, who lauded her as “reliable and exact.” “Judy is somebody that we all count on,” Reichin said. “She cares deeply about our office and goes the extra mile.” He said that she’s in the office early to help get the field teams on their way, even through last winter’s “ridiculous snowstorms.” And one other thing, he said: “She also keeps the office stocked with chocolates. Perhaps I should have started with that!”

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Kelly Fuller Title: Mid-Atlantic Regional Sales Manager, Otis Years in Industry: 27 Based: Albany, New York When Kelly Fuller was a college student, she took a job with Otis during a summer break from classes. Today, 27 years later, she’s still with Otis, having risen through the ranks to a major regional management position. “I started as an administrative assistant, what was supposed to be a ‘summer job’ in college that turned into a fulfilling career,” she said. Her life path changed after she discovered that Otis parent United Technologies Corp. had a program that would pay her remaining college tuition. “My dad encouraged me to take the opportunity, and I can’t thank him enough.” Fuller, born and raised in Saratoga Springs, New York, is Otis regional sales manager for the Mid-Atlantic, a territory that covers all of Pennsylvania and upstate New York (Poughkeepsie, Albany, Syracuse, Rochester and Buffalo). She reports to Regional General Manager Dan Cellucci, based in the Albany office. In the time since those early days, she moved up through the sales department to become general manager of Otis’ Albany office before taking on her current assignment. Being part of the “Otis family” has brought her many close friendships and the guidance of many dedicated mentors, inspiring her to pay it forward by helping young members of the sales staff so that they may “get as much joy and fulfillment out of this industry as it has given to me.” While crediting many mentors, she particularly points to Sales Manager Tim Reidy, who “really showed me the path through this male-dominated industry” and Dot Mynahan, “my first female manager,” who advocates for the role of women in the business. Seems Fuller has made an impression, herself. Andrew Bierer, who nominated her for this feature, calls her “an inspiring person.” “She never does the bare minimum,” he said. “She’s thoughtful, hardworking, smart and tough, when need be.”


PEOPLE

Perry Gheorghias

Herbert Glaser, Jr.

Title: Director of Engineering, BOCA Group

Title: Executive Vice President, GAL Manufacturing Corp.

Years in Industry: 23

(retired) and Vice President, Hollister-Whitney (retired)

Based: New York City Perry Gheorghias was living in Romania when he was invited for a visit by family living in New York City (NYC). It didn’t take long — just a couple of weeks — for him to realize that the U.S. would be a good place to call home. “I decided to get an H1B working visa and help my relatives in developing their business of importing/exporting goods between Romania and the U.S.,” he said. Though vertical transportation wasn’t even on his radar — “I never knew that I would work someday in the elevator industry,” he said — he did hold an MS degree in Mechanical Engineering from the Polytechnic Institute of Bucharest, Romania, his hometown. But, by way of “an interesting job offer” to be a draftsman at Monitor Controls, Gheorghias launched a career that he’s now spent 23 years building. Today, he’s director of Engineering for BOCA Group in NYC, a role that makes him responsible for performing field surveys, writing specifications, producing computer-aideddesign drawings and reviewing shop drawings and closeout documents for the company’s modernization and newinstallation projects. It’s a job that puts him where he wants to be, because for him, the best thing about the business is “being able to see and learn about the new developments in the elevator industry.” EW Correspondent Matthew Jackson, who suggested Gheorghias for this feature, praised him for his devotion “to the craft of elevator engineering. . . . Perry is one of the most creative, caring and thoughtful people in our industry.” In his free time, Gheorghias enjoys tennis and soccer.

Years in Industry: 59 Based: Bronx, New York

Herbert “Herb” Glaser, Jr.’s lifelong career in the industry officially began in 1959. Paul Seifried, vice president of operations, 30-year veteran of GAL and Glaser’s nephew, told us Glaser is now technically retired and living in northern New Jersey. Seifried also said of Glaser: “He was a very paternalistic figure, cared for employees as much as his own family and is loved: very approachable and well liked by customers, peers and employees. What was interesting during his time was. . . brothers Herb and Walter on leadership roles in 1967, when the Glaser family bought out the company. As executive vice presidents, Herb and Walter shared in leading the company, along with their father, Herbert Glaser, Sr., who devoted most of his effort to product design and enhancement. Along the way, during the years between buying out the partners until his recent retirement, Glaser led through tremendous growth, overseeing the largest period of sustained growth GAL and Hollister-Whitney (purchased in 1960) experienced.” Expansion is an important facet of Glaser’s legacy. He was instrumental in both the 2004 decision to establish GAL Canada and, two years later, to purchase fellow elevator door equipment manufacturer Elevator Components Industries of Mississauga, Canada. Another important milestone was kicking off a sophisticated microprocessor-based controller line (GALaxy) in the early 2000s. This new breed of controllers became GAL’s greatest growth product after they took the place of the electromechanical relay controllers of the 1990s. Glaser was presented with the National Association of Elevator Contractors’ William C. Sturgeon Distinguished Service Award in 2003, along with Walter. “It’s almost impossible to think of Herb without Walter,” Seifried added.

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PEOPLE

Walter Glaser

Title: Executive Vice President, GAL (retired); Vice President, Hollister-Whitney (retired); and president, Elevator Components Industries (retired) Years in Industry: 59 Based: Bronx, New York

Walter Glaser served as executive vice president of GAL Manufacturing Corp.; vice president of Hollister-Whitney Elevator Corp.; and president of Elevator Components Industries Inc. of Canada. With a background in electrical and mechanical engineering, Glaser has been involved in many product designs. His designs and patents include elevator and door-operator control systems, an electromagnetically compensated scale, an elevator door lock for limiting door opening and a recent disc-brake monitor. Glaser’s mechanical designs include elevator disc brakes, governors, safeties and other devices. Over his 45 years of experience in the elevator industry, Glaser holds several U.S., Canadian and British patents, and frequently authors technical articles in the industry. He is also a member of ELEVATOR WORLD’s Technical Advisory Group. Recognized as the inventor of the Hollister-Whitney RopeGripper®, Glaser also designed, patented and manufactured the GAL FM1 system, which uses a microprocessor on its circuit board to detect door faults. Originally designed as the “Elevator Door Tampering Protection System,” its primary purpose was to make it impossible for vandals to tamper with the door interlock and gate switch. (EW, September 2017). Son of founder Herbert Glaser and brother of Herbert “Herb” Glaser, Jr., he joined his brother in successfully resisting a proposal by the Bronx Borough president in 1998 to have GAL’s Bronx, New York, manufacturing facility move to make way for a “Yankee Village” for the professional baseball team near the stadium. The New York Times quoted him as saying, “We’re not an 80-day-a-year concern like the Yankees. We’re here 365 days a year.”

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Erika Goldstein Title: Senior Director, Field Operations, Otis EMEA Years in Industry: 14 Based: London Erika Goldstein has distinguished herself as a woman of accomplishment who has earned the respect of coworkers and clients. Goldstein cofounded the women’s employee resource group FORWARD with Dot Mynahan (also in this section), recently launched a chapter for Europe, the Middle East and Africa (EMEA) and helped establish chapters in France and Singapore. Otis recruited Goldstein for its Field Management Development program after she had served four years active duty in the U.S. Army, with deployments in Afghanistan and Iraq. To help pay for her education at Canisius College in Buffalo, New York, Goldstein joined the National Guard and Reserve Officers’ Training Corps. Then, it was on to the Army, where her roles included vertical construction and maintenance officer. She joined Otis Americas as a field management associate in 2004, progressing to positions of increasing responsibility that included service and construction superintendent, project manager and modernization account manager. In 2011, she was appointed major project manager in Mumbai, where she was project manager of Kohinoor Square Tower, a landmark project in Mumbai. In September 2014, she took on the responsibility of director of Field Operations, South Asia. Today, as senior director, Field Operations, EMEA, Goldstein oversees an international team in 43 countries from her base in London. Goldstein’s life away from work is exciting and fulfilling. A big fan of music, she plans to learn the art of DJing in the near future. She’s an avid shopper who always loves a great bargain. In addition, she and her husband recently renovated their home — a process she describes as both “challenging and extremely rewarding.”


PEOPLE

Mohamed Habeeb Title: General Manager, Sales and Marketing, City Lift Years in Industry: 18 Based: Mumbai Though he started his career in the automotive field, Mohamed Habeeb found his true calling in the verticaltransportation (VT) industry. Born in Kayalpattinam in southern Tamil Nadu, India, he grew up 1,500 km away in Vizianagaram, India. With nearly 18 years in the VT industry, Habeeb has worked for a number of companies, holding a variety of roles in sales and marketing, and management. He currently serves as general manager of sales and marketing at City Lift in Mumbai. Habeeb says he approaches his work with a flexible attitude, and strives to be dynamic, reliable, positive and proactive. While with a previous employer, Mitsubishi Electric, he was recognized with an appreciation certificate, awarded by the group vice president, for work he did to secure an important contract. He has also received positive comments from many of his customers. With each position he has held, Habeeb says he has been well exposed in the management aspects of operations, which has helped him advance his career.

John Inglis Title: Owner, Amron Lift Resources Years in Industry: 76 Based: Sydney John Inglis of Sydney, owner of Amron Lift Resources, consults on elevators, performs code work and makes expert reports, mainly in Australia. His career began in January 1942 at Arnold Engineering & Lifts as an apprentice. His roles there over the next 33 years involved service work, installation supervisor and engineering manager and director. He worked for Otis between 1975 (when Otis bought Arnold) and 1992. Inglis recalled one of his most memorable projects involving special hydraulic lifts in a munitions factory where no electrical equipment was permitted in the lift shaft (all circuits were air lines and air limit switches, including locks and buttons), taking place around 1950. Another was the Snowy Mountains power station lift (ELEVATOR WORLD, August 1960), the longesttravel passenger lift in the world at that time. Finally, there was a multispeed mechanical selector (only approximately 7 ft. tall) for a lift travel of 1,187 ft. Some of Inglis’ mentors were EW founder William C. Sturgeon, who he said always encouraged him from around 1955; George Gibson, a longtime friend; Terry Davis, another Sydney industry icon during the late 1920s to 1960s; and Jack R. Wilson, an electrical engineer, formerly of Otis, who was at Arnold Engineering & Lifts from around 1947 until 1953. Fellow Australian consultant Noel Smith said of her colleague: “John is now 92 years old, has been involved in all areas of the lift industry. . . and is still working full time. He. . . has been involved with the International Organization for Standardization and Australian Standards for over 50 years. He has been an EW correspondent since 1958 and has one of the largest collections of EW magazines, with currently over 750 copies, dating from 1954.”

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PEOPLE

Ezz Kinawi

Mary Lewis

Title: Product Division Manager, MELCO-MEC

Title: Offerings Manager, PSR/Upgrades Americas, KONE Spares Years in Industry: 18 Based: Moline, Illinois

Years in Industry: 34 Based: Giza, Egypt Born and raised in Egypt and now making his home in 6th of October City, roughly 30 km from Cairo, Ezz Kinawi earned a BS in Engineering from Helwan University and completed his service with the Egyptian Armed Forces as a lieutenant. He started in the industry as an installation manager with Otis in 1984. Since 1990, he has held roles of increasing leadership with MELCO-MEC, a joint venture of Japan’s Mitsubishi Electric and Modern Engineering Co. of Egypt. For the past six years, he has served as Project Division manager. Kinawi’s career has taken him inside many of Egypt’s iconic structures, such as the Library of Alexandria, and San Stefano Grand Plaza in Alexandria and Le Méridien Pyramids Hotel & Spa in Cairo. For Otis, where he worked until 1987, Kinawi’s projects included installation of 24 2.5-mps geared elevators at AlOthman Office Tower in Dhahran, Saudi Arabia. During the one-and-a-half years between his Otis and MELCO-MEC careers, Kinawi served as an electrical installation engineer for the Saudi Arabian government, working in several of its new buildings in Mecca and Jeddah. Kinawi stays very busy as division manager. Whenever a new product is released or project staff needs to be hired, Kinawi handles it. He works closely with clients such as property owners and consultants, preparing architectural drawings and specifications; overseeing installation engineers; and coordinating tenders, contracts, pricing and delivery. Kinawi explains this covers every detail, such as “getting the client’s preferred finishes and studying cab décor to determine, for example, whether a heavier load will call for design adjustments.” Kinawi is a member of Egyptian conveyance code committees and provides consultancy services. In his spare time, he can often be found tending to his rooftop plants, surfing the internet and reading books.

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Mary Fara Lewis zigzagged her way into the elevator industry almost two decades ago, and, since she arrived, she hasn’t changed course. Educated to be a history teacher, Lewis found out quickly upon her college graduation that she was not alone in that pursuit. “There were too many history teachers,” Lewis said. “And I was standing in a long line for a job.” While waiting for a teaching opportunity to turn up, Lewis took a part-time job at Stetson Building Products in Iowa. She found out she had a knack for developing a business, and the part-time job turned into an almost 30-year full-time career at the company. When Lewis took the job at KONE Spares 18 years ago, she was ready for a change and found a welcoming home. She joined KONE Spares at a time of great change and helped lay the groundwork for a streamlined, expansive centralized purchasing department that would grow from two people in 2000 to the 15-person operation it is today. With new services offered to the industry, the total Spares group has now expanded to 54 team members under her leadership. “That growth is a testament to Mary,” said Wayne Dowty, director, KONE Spares - Americas. “She has been the heart and soul of the operation over her 18 years. She has never settled and always remained an advocate for the front-line purchasing department, as well as our industry customers.” Lewis has proudly worn many hats over the years, including business development manager, director, purchasing director and now offerings manager, PSR/upgrades. She’s also a familiar face at industry events and a proud mom of one son who resides in California.


PEOPLE

Sterrett Lloyd

Kevin Lynch

Title: President, Draka Elevator

Title: Senior Vice President for Modernization and

Years in Industry: 39

Construction, TEI Group

Based: Rocky Mount, North Carolina Sterrett Lloyd is president of Draka Elevator (a business unit of the Prysmian Group), where he directs the company’s worldwide operations. Lloyd began his industry service in 1979 as an elevator contractor and is the third generation of his family to work in the industry. He joined Draka in 2001 as vice president of Sales, and progressed to chief operating officer/ managing director, then to his current position of president in 2011. Lloyd’s grandfather and father were in the industry, and he is proud his son is now a fourth-generation elevator man. Though officially in the industry for “only” 39 years, Lloyd really got his start earlier by sorting nuts and bolts from construction projects for his grandfather as soon as he could walk. He began at Mid America Elevator in Indianapolis in 1979 and worked at Abell Elevator and Schindler in Indianapolis and Ohio from 1984 until 1992. He served as president of Abell from 1992 until 2000. Lloyd said some of his greatest industry memories are of large modernization projects like 5th 3rd Bank in Columbus, Ohio, and new construction like the Grand Baldwin Building and a performing-arts building in Cincinnati. At Draka, he is proud of having taken a local company with one site to a global enterprise manufacturing on four continents and distributing globally with 18 locations. Nominator Al Hayes called Lloyd a “brilliant man abounding in wisdom and character.” Lloyd says he owes his character to his father and grandfather, who inspired the work ethic that led to his success in the trade, and his mother, who gave him the lessons and ethics to lead and be successful.

Years in Industry: 40 Based: Long Island City, New York

It would be fair to say the elevator industry is in Kevin Lynch’s blood. His father, uncles and his father’s uncle were all in the business, so this Staten Island, New York, native comes by it naturally. When something’s in your blood, you stick with it, and, with nearly 40 years of experience, you could say “sticking with it” is exactly what Lynch has done. Currently senior vice president for modernization and construction at TEI Group in Long Island City, New York, Lynch started his career as a helper for Curtis Elevator, a job he credits for giving him a solid industry foundation. “I was fortunate to start with a small, independent company where you learned to do the job start to finish — not just a single phase,” he said. “I’d say this is where I learned to appreciate the intricacies of the business.” Lynch spent more than 25 years teaching the trade to newcomers, serving as an instructor at the National Elevator Industry Educational Program, which he finds especially gratifying. “It’s great to see former students grow from apprentice, to mechanic, to foreman, to supervisor, and continue to succeed,” he said. It’s the people he interacts with daily who have made his job most enjoyable. “It is often said that elevator people are a different breed, and I have seen nothing over the years to challenge that,” he said. A current resident of Warwick, New York, Lynch’s spare time is all about his “ever-growing” family, including his six children and eight grandchildren. Projects around the house and yard, or maybe a little fishing, bring him joy. More than anything else, he credits his wife, Mary, for his success, saying she is “the one who always kept it grounded, always supported any career decision I was making.”

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PEOPLE

Rick Macareno

Zach R. McCain, Jr.

Title: Owner, Dade Elevator Inspection and Consulting; Co-owner, Elevator Dynamics Years in Industry: 17 Based: Miami

Title: PE, American Society of Mechanical Engineers Fellow, Certified QEI and Author Years in Industry: 58 Based: Norman, Oklahoma

With two companies to think about, Rick Macareno stays busy, but he likes it that way. “I really like finding simple solutions to everyday problems,” says this Miami-based electrical engineer and 17-year industry veteran who owns Dade Elevator Inspection and Consulting, and co-owns — along with his partner, mechanical engineer Nelson Alonso — Elevator Dynamics. “I see lots of innovative designs that are cutting edge, but most elevator business owners and building owners need solutions to the recurring, day-to-day problems, when it comes to their elevators,” he said. One of the “everyday problems” that vexed Macareno and Alonso dealt with door-restriction issues, “recurring countlessly on elevator inspection reports. Not only were they code violations, but, in our view, a major safety concern.” Through several iterations, they devised DoorClamp, a door restrictor that was reliable, easy to install and required no maintenance, and the basis for an interlock that Macareno believes provides “maximum safety” for passengers. Their products are used in high-rise buildings around South Florida, including one with a 52-stop, front-and-rear elevator, a total 104 openings. Marareno recounted, “The adjuster was going to have inspection within two days and was anxious to install the door restrictors. I remember delivering a package of our product. . . [and] the technician was in disbelief that everything was there, and he would finish in time. . . . Since then, this major elevator company has been using our product.” Among customers are thyssenkrupp and Fujitec, he said. Macareno, the son of Cuban immigrants, followed his father into the business. “My father was a technician for an elevator company for over 40 years, and since I was very young, he would take me along with him,” he said. “He is retired now,” he said, adding, “but working for me.”

Providing just one, or several, titles for Zach McCain is difficult for someone who EW Editor and Publisher Ricia Sturgeon-Hendrick, describes as a “huge contributor to education in the industry.” After earning a BS in Mechanical Engineering from Lamar State College of Technology in Beaumont, Texas, McCain took an engineering position with the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers in 1960, going on to jobs with the General Services Administration that saw him responsible for the operation, maintenance, repair and modernization of building systems, including elevators and escalators. From 1973 until 1990, he worked for the U.S. Postal Service, holding various engineering positions, including managing programs for elevator/escalator inspection, establishing criteria and training certified inspectors. McCain’s elevator-inspection program was the first to be accredited by the American Society of Mechanical Engineers to certify elevators in compliance with ASME QEI-1. Sturgeon-Hendrick said: “[McCain] says he is just an old goat roper from Oklahoma, but the breadth of his knowledge, and how freely it is given to us all, humbles me. He has written books that are used by new salespeople and rookies in the industry (Elevators 101), manuals for training programs (Certified Elevator Technician program Units 1-7), self-help books for technicians, The Maintenance Manual and Handbook for inspectors and mechanics, The Inspection Handbook and The Field Inspection Handbook. Even in difficult times in his own life, he has persisted in sharing his knowledge, constantly updating his books and being on call to those he can help. I call him frequently, and he never fails to be warm and forthcoming — always ready to give me a helping hand or information I need. He is a Renaissance man.”

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PEOPLE

Richelle McCaskill-Diaz

Frank Musholt

Title: Elevator Mechanic, IUEC Local 19

Title: Past Secretary/Treasurer, Hollister-Whitney Elevator Corp. Years in Industry: 49 Based: Peoria, Illinois

Years in Industry: 22 Based: Seattle Richelle McCaskill-Diaz began her 22-year career in the industry at Denver International Airport as an apprentice and worked her way through as a mechanic for service, repair and modernization for Montgomery/KONE. She transferred to Seattle when work became slow in Denver and worked for KONE, both in construction and as a service mechanic, and chose to try her hand in the office as a service superintendent. After a few years, she was promoted to service manager for KONE’s San Diego branch. She eventually came back to Seattle in 2012 and stayed in the office, working for Schindler and KONE. In 2016, she decided to restart work as a mechanic. She now works for Eltec Elevator in Seattle in that capacity. McCaskill-Diaz said she has had opportunities to work in many memorable places throughout Colorado, Washington and southern California. These include the Denver International Airport; Stanley Hotel in Estes Park, Colorado; the U.S. Air Force Academy in Colorado Springs, Colorado; Diablo Dam in Winthrop, Washington; Sea World San Diego; and Safeco Field in Seattle. McCaskill-Diaz said being a woman in the industry “has not always been easy and has afforded me some challenges through the years.” She feels “fortunate to work with some of the greatest and patient people throughout” her career, such as Russ Goodwin, Virgil Guildner, George Brim, Roger Farthing and Jerry Bogart. However, her father and brother, Garry and Danny McCaskill, are most responsible for helping her through. Lindsay LaBrosse, also of the International Union of Elevator Constructors (IUEC), said of McCaskill-Diaz, “As one of the few women working in the trade, she has always been an upstanding mechanic. . . . She knows how to hold her own with the guys and gives the women in our trade a good name. I’m proud to be her union sister.”

Frank Musholt is a native of Quincy, Illinois, where Hollister-Whitney is headquartered. Before he entered the elevator industry in 1969, however, he lived two-and-a-half hours away in Peoria, Illinois. He said he had an interest to get back home, and, while visiting his mother, saw a local blind advertisement looking for a controller. When he responded (as his background had been manufacturing and accounting), he said: “Herb Glaser, Sr. took a fancy to my résumé and invited me to meet him halfway between Peoria and Quincy. I don’t know where I’d be without Herb Glaser, Sr., and Herb and Walt Glaser. Herb and Walt have been like brothers.” Musholt said the “star” development at Hollister-Whitney during his career was that of RopeGripper®. “From the inception to the development of manufacturing and marketing, it was a very successful product,” he reminisced. Musholt has seen the company grow from approximately 20 employees to nearly 400 today. He also experienced moving from its old multistory mill building in Quincy to a 100,000-sq.-ft. building in 1981, then expanded to 170,000 sq. ft. in 1989. In 2009 and 2010, he took part in yet another expansion that led to its current 360,000 sq. ft. of manufacturing space and 110-ft.-tall test tower. Musholt declined to elaborate on his own accomplishments, but, as recipient of the 2009 William C. Sturgeon Distinguished Service award, his legacy speaks for itself. Chris Craven, also of Hollister-Whitney, gave a little insight in his nomination of him, saying he: “. . . guided our company for decades and been a tireless promoter of the industry, involved in all aspects of it, serving on many committees and boards over the years. He has never been one to look for accolades; only one who looks for excellence in any encounter he has. We all should embody the principles of perfection and his respect for all employees and family.”

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PEOPLE

Dot Mynahan

Lien Randle

Title: Senior Director, Field Operations, Otis Americas Years in Industry: 25+ Based: West Palm Beach, Florida

Title: Director, Contracts and Training & Development, Mitsubishi Electric US, Inc. Years in Industry: 28 Based: Cypress, California

Dot Mynahan cofounded Otis Elevator’s FORWARD program to recruit more women to the industry in spring 2017 with Erika Goldstein. In less than a year, the program has grown from 12 members to more than 500 Otis employees worldwide. Mynahan got her start in the industry after answering a newspaper ad for a temporary service clerk in the Portland, Maine, office. Thanks to the company’s Employee Scholar program, she completed her undergraduate degree in Industrial Technology and entered a supervisor training program that allowed her to work in the field for 18 months. At the end of this time, she became a maintenance supervisor based out of the Providence, Rhode Island, branch, then transferred to the Manchester, New Hampshire, office in the same capacity. Taking advantage of the Employee Scholar program once again, Mynahan completed her MBA and subsequently held general manager positions for Otis in Albany, New York, and Portland, before accepting an offer to be the general manager of Delta Beckwith Elevator in Boston. Mynahan transitioned back into Field Operations in early 2007, becoming the regional Field Operations manager for Otis in Washington, D.C. In 2015, she became the senior Field Operations manager for Maintenance and Open Order for the Eastern Region before accepting a promotion to director of Field Operations in Latin America. She held that role until her recent promotion to senior director, Field Operations, Otis Americas earlier this year. “If you had told me [when I answered the ad] that I would progress from being a temporary service clerk to senior director of Field Operations for Otis Americas, I wouldn’t have believed you,” Mynahan says. Her passion remains training and mentoring others — particularly women — so they can achieve their full potential.

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As the daughter of a military man, Lien Randle considers herself a “military brat,” having moved around a lot. Born in Florida, her family went from station to station, including such exotic locales as Japan and Hawaii. As the daughter of an elevator man, Randle considers herself a lifelong member of the industry. At age six, she had her first ride on a car top, and, in junior high school, started working for her father, former Air Force fighter pilot Don Randle, at his company, Atlas Elevator, in California’s Bay Area. Filing, answering phones and handling billing took her through high school, then it was off to college and adventure, living for a few years in Paris. At 24, she “officially” started working for Atlas, and today is Director, Contracts and Training & Development, for the Elevator and Escalator Division of Mitsubishi Electric US, Inc. Randle, of San Diego, is proud of her company and the people with whom she works. “Mitsubishi Electric produces the highest quality products,” she said, adding that “the people I work with and for [are] extraordinarily dedicated and passionate about our company, our products and our services.” Though the industry is male dominated, Randle has held her own. In 1998, she was elected president of the National Association of Elevator Contractors, making her at the time the youngest person and (still) only woman to serve in that capacity. Women have made great strides in the business, but she feels there is plenty of room for further progress and would like to see more women fill the upper ranks.


PEOPLE

Sneha Rewale

Daniel Schmaltz

Title: Joint Managing Director, Creestaa Elevators Pvt. Ltd. Years in Industry: 3 Based: Pune, India

Title: Associate Safety Engineer, Special Projects, State of California Elevator Unit Years in Industry: 14 Based: San Diego

Sneha Rewale serves as Joint Managing Director of both Creestaa Elevators Pvt. Ltd. and Rewale Group. The latter company has been in the manufacturing sector since 1993 and is one of the largest manufacturers of precision sheetmetal and diesel generator sets in India, catering to the needs of giants like Mahindra & Mahindra. The former is a technical joint venture ( JV) with an Italian company. In her role, Rewale leads efforts in sales and marketing, and the manufacturing departments of Creestaa. Despite only having launched in 2016, the JV has seen success and plans future growth. A dedicated showroom of 20,000 sq. ft. complements a 38,000-m2 manufacturing plant, which performs R&D and manufacturing for all components except machines, guide rails, ropes and safety products. Creestaa sends its partner-trained installers to custom jobs, where, under Rewale’s guidance, they are focused on providing the quickest turnaround in the local custom elevator market. Rewale’s nominator, Dr. Rohit Nehe, said of her: “The main reason for nominating her is because she stands up as a role model to many people, and especially women, in the elevator industry in India. She is one rare person who is equally comfortable walking on the shop floor and, at the same time, working along with the sales/marketing team in a comfortable setting.”

Daniel Schmaltz gets high praise from his colleagues, who describe him as bright, capable and having a passion for the elevator industry that “lifts the bar for safety, continuing education and code compliance.” A native of Indiana, Schmaltz earned a BS from Indiana University Bloomington in Public & Environmental Affairs with a minor in Business. He earned a certificate in Negotiation from Harvard Law School in Cambridge, Massachusetts, and later, an MBA from National University in San Diego. Schmaltz began his elevator career at KONE as a senior account executive, where he earned a reputation for successful project completion and led the nation for KONE in sales in 2005 and 2006. After that, Schmaltz held positions of increasing responsibility, with a focus on sales, operations and project management, at major OEMs. Seeking to further his knowledge about elevator inspection, he joined the California Department of Occupational Safety and Health in 2012 as an associate safety engineer, going on to earn Certified Competent Conveyance Inspector and QEI licenses. He is on the Board of Directors of NAESA International and is a member of the International Facility Management Association. He created a program that involved distributing custom safety bags and providing training to nearly 80 state inspectors, helping ensure safety of both inspectors and the riding public. He also authored numerous policies and procedures currently in place. In his spare time, Schmaltz enjoys surfing, skiing and watching Indiana basketball.

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PEOPLE

Volodymyr Sharovar

Stephen Showers

Title: Software Engineer, Otis

Title: Corporate Archivist & Records Manager, Otis

Years in Industry: 2

Years in Industry: 14

Based: Farmington, Connecticut

Based: Farmington, Connecticut

Volodymyr Sharovar has been working for Otis as a software engineer for the past two years, after working for SanDisk for three years. He didn’t have a home computer when growing up in Ukraine in the 1990s, but he spent his lunch money to use computers at internet cafés. He was then introduced to computer engineering after emigrating to Canada in high school. “I was very lucky, because the next year, the school board canceled that class, since it taught material which we would learn in university,” he noted. His current project is deploying an Internet of Things solution for an elevator system. His team is to develop a way to collect/package data and send it to the cloud for processing, as well as communicating with the elevator system from the cloud. He appreciates the global aspect of this project, adding, “It is great to see different regions/teams getting together and working on the same platform.” In addition to his current manager Shari Parillo, who has supported and guided him in his career, Sharovar thanked his current team members and Principal Engineer Karl Pedersen. Coworker Helion Dhrimaj said Sharovar: “. . . is a very hardworking and inspirational person. I have worked alongside him, and he has gone beyond his means to help me solve important issues. Vlad also goes out of the way to make any employee at Otis feel like they are a welcome part of our Otis team. He has been involved and is involved in many volunteer organizations representing Otis and also during his personal time. I can’t think of [a] better person to nominate.”

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Stephen “Steve” Showers has maintained Otis’ archives for nearly 15 years. A lover of the elevator industry, he organizes and maintains 165 years of its history, such as Elisha Otis’ first sales journal logs that include the booking of the world’s first commercial elevator in New York City (NYC). He can also proudly show you the booking of Macy’s NYC wooden escalators from the early 1900s, vintage elevator parts and Otis signs. Prior to joining Otis, he processed, organized and arranged the Southern New England Telephone Records Collection for the Archives and Special Collections of the Thomas J. Dodd Research Center in Storrs, Connecticut. Nominator Katy Padgett, who asked ELEVATOR WORLD to “pay tribute to the very few keepers of the industry’s intriguing history,” said of Showers: “At Otis, we are fortunate to have an elevator history expert whose commitment, passion and extraordinary knowledge have engaged many an enthusiast, reporter and even industry executive. But, the most impressive part of the Otis archive is what’s in Showers’ head. Ask him anything about the industry: Otis — our people, technology, patents, milestones — and he has an answer. And, on the rare occasion that he doesn’t have an answer, he says, ‘I’ll need to research that a bit.’ And he does. “Moving through modern cities is always getting better with modern advances in people-moving technology. Curators of where we started, how far we’ve come and where we’re going are invaluable to educating the world on the extraordinary people, inventions and milestones of our important industry.”


PEOPLE

Billy Shrum

Chip Smith

Title: Technical Manager, Maxton Manufacturing Co.

Title: President and CEO, ATIS

Years in Industry: 15

Years in Industry: 10

Based: Minden, Nevada

Based: St. Louis

Billy Shrum is part of 50-year-old family company Maxton Manufacturing Co., based in Minden, Nevada (ELEVATOR WORLD, April 2015). Son of CEO William M. Shrum, III, he has been in the elevator industry longer than the 15 years stated as his “official capacity.” Josh Green of EnBio Industries, Inc. nominated Shrum for The People Issue and said of him: “I first met Shrum from Maxton Manufacturing three years ago. My company was beginning to introduce our highperformance, environmentally safe synthetic hydraulic fluid into the elevator industry. We were referred to Maxton as one of the first steps to work toward market acceptance. As the technical manager, Shrum became my connection to Maxton. From the first conversation, Billy has been extremely supportive of our endeavor to ensure our fluid works seamlessly with elevator-industry products. It was clear from the very beginning that he was genuinely willing to help our company in any way he could and has done as much as he can to assist — providing opportunities for testing, historical industry information and suggestions for helping us find success. “Over these last three years, Billy has continued to prove that he is a true, hardworking professional who is both honest and transparent — helping to build bridges and lift others in the industry. These are qualities I think everyone wishes were more prevalent. While his priority has always been doing what is best for Maxton, he continues to provide valuable assistance to our efforts. Billy is always willing to take the time to lend a hand. This can also be seen through the excellent work he is doing that helps support the entire hydraulic elevator industry and to ensure the needs of the market are being met. “The entire EnBio team appreciates the continued cooperation from Maxton and knows that Billy’s help has been instrumental in allowing us to achieve our goals.”

With a solid background in business, law and economics, Chip Smith’s first experience in the elevator industry was at National Elevator Inspection Services in St. Louis, where he interned on and off for five years. Smith went on to cofound American Testing & Inspection Services, LLC (ATIS) in January 2013 with his brother, Colin, with the vision of a world with no conveyance-related accidents. Prior to that, Smith practiced law, advising clients on entity formation, corporate transactions and labor and employment matters. A graduate of Denniston University majoring in Economics, Smith holds an MBA from Saint Louis University’s (SLU) Richard A. Chaifetz School of Business and a JD from SLU’s School of Law. He also leads Greenleaf Capital Partners, LLC, a firm that invests in businesses such as startups. A resident of St. Louis, Smith is director of the Western Golf Association and enjoys the outdoors. These days, any spare time is spent with his wife, Ashley, and their one-year-old daughter. Smith’s nominator, Andy Teague, said: “[Smith] wanted to create America’s premier elevator inspection business by delivering timely and reliable service with integrity and professionalism. Under Smith’s leadership, ATIS has grown to more than 100 certified inspectors and has performed more than 175,000 inspections throughout the U.S. in only five years. Smith’s commitment to providing a superior customer experience is what ATIS continues to build its reputation on.”

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PEOPLE

Don Vollrath

Doug Witham

Title: Principal Engineer, Magnetek, Inc.

Title: Vice President of Business Development, GAL Manufacturing Corp. Years in Industry: 41+ Based: Atlanta

Years in Industry: 50 Based: Menomonee Falls, Wisconsin Most people in the industry are familiar with Don Vollrath, whether it’s through articles he’s written for ELEVATOR WORLD or presentations he’s given at events. In nominating his colleague for The People Issue, Matt Gergeni noted Vollrath has more than 50 years of industry experience and “more patents than you can count on one hand.” He also played a key role in helping “define the path forward in a business that is always striving to reach new heights.” Vollrath says when he started in the elevator-drives industry, the focus was on developing drives that worked. Today, that has shifted toward designing drives that not only work reliably, but provide the highest levels of safety, comfort and efficiency. Vollrath started his career with Louis Allis Drives & Systems fresh out of the University of Illinois, where he earned a degree in Electrical Engineering. In the early days, his efforts focused on designing innovative drives for industrial applications. The technology and functionality he helped develop would eventually serve as the basis for proprietary drives designed for Otis. Many other customers soon followed as a standard line of drives for elevators was developed. In 1984, the company that is now known as Magnetek was formed. With no plans of slowing down, Vollrath has remained a steady force in the industry, Gergeni notes, observing: “As the needs of the industry evolved, so did Vollrath’s professional focus as he transitioned his efforts to developing AC drive controls. . . . Most recently, he has focused much of his effort on developing industry education and training programs such as Magnetek’s Energy Savings Calculator, which helps determine the energy savings that can result from modernization. Don also plays a key role in educating colleagues at Magnetek about the particular operational needs of elevator motor drives, as well as identifying opportunities for improvement.”

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Doug Witham is the Vice President of Business Development for GAL Manufacturing Corp., where he has worked since January 2000. From his home office in Atlanta, he focuses on customers in the Southeast, conveys his experience and knowledge, and represents GAL at industry events. He has spent his entire career in the elevator industry, beginning with Gregory Elevator, a contracting business in Chicago. In 1977, he moved to Adams Elevator Equipment Co. for 18 years, then Courion Industries for five years. Witham is a retiree from the ASME A17.1 Emergency Operations, Hoistway and Standards committees, having served for 13 years. He has been an officer with the Chicago Elevator Association; a director and treasurer of the National Association of Elevator Contractors; and a regent for, and chairman of, the Elevator Escalator Safety Foundation. When asked about the people who most influenced his elevator career, Witham said: “I had the best start imaginable in going to work with Dick Gregory. He taught me a ton and introduced me to so many who have become great colleagues and friends. And, how do you describe guys like Herbert and Walter Glaser? And, how lucky was I to be invited to join them 18 years ago at GAL? This is their elevator family, and I was fortunate enough to be adopted. In every sense of the word ‘man’ — terms like strength, loyalty, humility, honesty and generosity — Herb and Walt Glaser are the best two men I know.” Witham was honored with the NAEC President’s Award in 2004 and the NAEC William C. Sturgeon Distinguished Service Award in 2007 and was the Pop/Joe Memorial Invitational Golf Outing honoree in 2016.



Technology

How Biodegradable Oils Function in Hydraulic Environments Various popular fluids are examined, trouble signs are identified, and solutions are given. by Mark Kreitzburg and Doug Muennich The negative environmental effects of using petroleum and other nonbiodegradable lubricants have been uncovered, and the awareness is spreading. For most industries, it is unavoidable and important. However, newly engineered “eco-friendly” biodegradable lubricants have been expertly created as a substitute for use within hydraulic systems. This innovation is not just a trend; in fact, ecofriendly forms of lubrication are becoming a standard in the industrial landscape. Specifically, within the hydraulic elevator industry, there has been a sudden push toward these forms of lubrication. While biodegradable lubricants are effective, they are not without flaws. With their use becoming as common as traditional petroleumbased lubricants, it is important to understand their compositions, best uses and various weaknesses.

Limitations and Benefits of EcoFriendly Lubricants Hydraulic environmental triglyceride (HETG) fluids are water-insoluble oils derived

Heater pulled out of power unit

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from various animal and vegetable base stocks. HETG fluids are very effective lubricants, but they lack thermal and hydrolytic stability and tend to oxidize rapidly. Fortunately, these fluids can be modified for greater stability and oxidation resistance. The biodegradability and nontoxicity of HETG fluids make them an obvious choice for environmental friendliness. They are readily available in abundance due to their natural properties and offer effective anticorrosion and lubricity, as well as a high viscosity and flashpoint. HETG fluids have their limitations, including quick aging, rapid oxidation, and extreme thickening and gumming at high temperatures. At low temperatures, they are susceptible to gel and thickening. Temperature that is too high or too low can have major effects on hydraulicsystem performance. HETG fluids are miscible (capable of being mixed) with mineral oil, which limits biodegradability. Additionally, HETG fluids are also one of the most expensive biodegradable options. Hydraulic environmental ester synthetic (HEES) fluids are water-insoluble synthetic esters derived from petroleum or vegetable feedstock. HEES fluids Building owners and are known for being long-lasting from their architects are jumping on ideal fluidity and high the environmental thermal and oxidative stability at low bandwagon and setting temperatures in a wide the standard for their range of viscosities. Their advantages stop hydraulic elevators before there, however. HEES a government mandate fluids are expensive and require special system- requires it.


design requirements to operate properly within a system. They are also miscible with mineral oils like HETG fluids and susceptible to hydrolysis in the presence of water. Hydraulic environmental poly glycol (HEPG) fluids are watersoluble polyalkylene glycols, polymers made from reacting alkylene-oxide monomers. HEPG fluids are available in a wide range of viscosities and operate at temperatures up to 80°C and down to -20°C. Also, its solubility in water makes it a viable option as an anhydrous (waterless) lubricant. However, HEPG fluids need special design considerations due to their incompatibility with polyurethane seals and the need for motors and pumps to be de-rated with these fluids. Hydraulic environmental polyalphaolefin and related (HEPR) fluids are water-insoluble polyalphaolefins and related hydrocarbon-based fluids. HEPR fluids have excellent oxidation stability and corrosion protection. Though they are only considered eco-friendly in low viscosity, they offer great lubricity and are long-lasting with good viscosity performance in wide temperature ranges. The disadvantages of HEPR fluids are their costliness and incompatibility with several seal and gasket materials on equipment components. While the chemical makeup of these four types of biodegradable lubricants are a chemist’s daydream, most of us only need to know how to use them and why. Their compositions are not substitutes for one another, and each have their advantages and disadvantages for use. One is able to select a suitable biodegradable substitute based on the physical makeup of the hydraulic components and operational needs of the equipment involved.

The Insistence of Eco-Friendly Besides the obvious environmental benefits of biodegradable lubricants, there is a compliance aspect to this shift in the industry. As the government has enacted many regulations to conserve the environment over the past several years, those uncompliant with current and foreseeable regulations face serious monetary and operational consequences. As a result, building owners and architects are jumping on the environmental bandwagon and

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Contamination that leads to O-ring and seal damage

Tank partially cleaned to show thickness of contamination

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setting the standard for their hydraulic elevators before a government mandate requires it. OEMs are making sure to join the environmentally friendly landscape with new equipment technologies. By complying with these environmental regulations in advance and staying within the restraints of current mandates, those that may be heavily affected by future and current government regulations regarding hydraulic elevators can continue to operate unaffected and within compliance.

Symptoms of Biodegradable Fluid Degradation Regardless of the fluid you choose to use within your hydraulic components, there is a risk of severe degradation. Like petroleumbased products showing symptoms of degradation and wear, biodegradable fluids have a list of red-flag items that point toward the breakdown of composition within hydraulic components. Degradation or varnish can coat your hydraulic systems, causing a wide range of issues and failures. Biodegradable fluids often cause more system problems than traditional petroleum products. With the insistence of eco-friendly fluids, one cannot turn away from biodegradable products to avoid greater degradation. Instead, by recognizing the following symptoms, one can identify and treat the problem to ensure longevity of a hydraulic system:


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Tank after it was drained

♦♦ Foul odor: Caused by hydrolysis, a reaction of oil with water that causes the formation of alcohol and acid, this combination is known to create a bad smell when heated, a natural occurrence when the elevator is in use. ♦♦ Leveling issues: Occur when the control valves of the elevator stick or seize ♦♦ Valve issues: Often caused by strainer clogging and valve sticking ♦♦ Leaks: Caused by O-ring and seal failure

Modes of Degradation Due to their natural limitations, biodegradable products break down over time to form alcohols, acids and varnish within the hydraulic systems. These formations cause performance problems and can eventually lead to total system failure. The best way to describe how degradation occurs in these biodegradable oils is to analyze a diagnostic sample.

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Collecting the Varnish Analysis Sample In the following scenario, there were two fluids defined as being in service in this hydraulic elevator system: HEES (ester-based) and HETG (vegetable-based) hydraulic oils. It is understood that the HEES (ester-based) product was put into the systems after only draining out the HETG (vegetable-based) product. No flush was attempted between the two products. A handful of samples showing various forms of degradation were collected from multiple elevator units. Each sample pointed to evidence of critical degradation caused by known weaknesses of the HETG (vegetable-based) oils. The unit had a buildup of varnish and sludge in its hydraulic system. A sample of varnish was isolated from a one-year-old HEES fluid system for analysis.

Performing Diagnostic Testing To diagnose the cause for the varnish, the sample was first washed with a solvent to remove adhered fluid. The prepared varnish sample was then analyzed using a Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) instrument to identify common contaminants, including those of lubricant degradation. By comparing the sample with current unit fluid, one can

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determine that this varnish is made up of HETG (vegetable-based) fluid instead of the HEES (ester-based) fluid, which is in the contaminated system. This would support the evidence of fluid incompatibility. This example shows how the biodegradable oil degradation can be pinpointed using the FTIR instrument (or other means of varnish testing, such as membrane patch colorimetry testing). The results of these tests can determine the next steps to mitigate the varnish degradation contaminants, improve the unit’s performance exponentially and avoid catastrophic system failures.

Solution for Biodegradable Degradation Degradation or varnish is one of the leading causes of elevator system failure. In consideration of this, the chances that one will experience some level of degradation with the use of biodegradable products in elevator hydraulic systems are great. To avoid complete failure, it is vital that elevator maintenance departments invest in the necessary processes to sustain the life of their hydraulic elevators. Depending on the type of fluid used, this process can be tailored to effectively mitigate system contamination. This process works by chemically removing the varnish within the hydraulic system and removing harmful contaminants using specialized engineered varnish-removal technology. The result of this effective solution will be an increase in overall elevator performance, a decrease in the need for costly valve replacements or repairs and the elimination of odor.

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Reference [1] Marougy, Thelma. “Making the Move to Eco-Friendly Hydraulic Fluids,” MachineDesign (www.machinedesign.com/hydraulics/making-moveeco-friendly-hydraulic-fluids).

Mark Kreitzburg is a senior account manager for RelaDyne, one of the top U.S. distributors of lubricants, fuels, diesel exhaust fluid and industrial reliability services. He has more than 18 years of experience in solving lubricant-related issues through analytical testing and decontamination technologies.

Doug Muennich has more than 25 years of experience as a certified lubrication specialist through the Society of Tribologists and Lubrication Engineers. He currently leads the Varnish Mitigation Business Development efforts of RelaDyne. Muennich has spent the last 15 years focusing on the problems and solutions associated with oil oxidation and the formation of varnish.

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Events

Bridging Design With Technology Cyprus hosts KLEEMANN event.

submitted by KLEEMANN KLEEMANN held a “Bridging Design With Technology” presentation in Cyprus on March 16. The lift-system manufacturer held the event at Carob Mill in Limassol, Nicosia, where it was attended by architects, consultants, developers and construction companies’ executives from all over Cyprus. The purpose of the event was to present innovative products and services that combine advanced technology with careful design. During his speech, Group General Manager

Ioannis Sanidiotis redefined the context of KLEEMANN’s presence in the Cypriot market and stressed the importance of maintaining a local presence in Nicosia. Group Commercial Director George Moschovakis and Commercial Manager, Greece and Cyprus, Kostas Papadopoulos presented on KLEEMANN’s product range and custom projects, as well as its design and four-week delivery times for standard products. The presentations were completed with Continued

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THE WORLD IS A SQUARE

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interlift 2019 – The World of Elevators 15 - 18 October | Messe Augsburg | Germany

Organiser: AFAG Messen und Ausstellungen GmbH Am Messezentrum 5, 86159 Augsburg I www.interlift.de

Technical sponsor: VFA-Interlift e.V. Süderstraße 282, 20537 Hamburg I www.vfa-interlift.de


KLEEMANN Sales Consultant in Cyprus Athena Fragou elaborating on the way the company combines technology with design. A specially designed area presented the KLEEMANN Virtual Reality Experience application, which ushered guests to a virtual travel to four of the company’s major projects around the world and let them feel the experience of moving in these lifts. Particularly, users experienced the feeling of movement inside a special 17-mT cabin in Moscow’s

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Kremlin; a custom panoramic cabin in Portsmouth, U.K.’s Mary Rose Museum; a unique cabin in a Norwegian oil rig; and a cabin in the KLEEMANN Tower designed by Andreas Zapatinas. At the cocktail party afterward, guests had the opportunity to walk around the KLEEMANN gallery, see photos of key reference projects around the world and discuss products and customizations with company đ&#x;Œ? representatives.   



INTERNATIONAL ELEVATOR & ESCALATOR SYMPOSIUM

November 15-16 2018 Renaissance Polat Istanbul Hotel, Yesilyurt/Istanbul, Turkey

Safety and New Technologies

IEES INTERNATIONAL ELEVATOR & ESCALATOR

SYMPOSIUM

Submit a Paper: paper@elevatorsymposium.org Attend and Book a Booth: info@elevatorsymposium.org

www.elevatorsymposium.org Organised by

&


ELEVATOR WORLD JUNE FOCUS TOPIC SPONSORED BY:

CABS & CAB AESTHETICS Including: • • • • • • •

Glass Cladding Lighting Flooring Buttons Paneling Continuing Education: “Carriage Gates”


Focus on Cabs and Cab Aesthetics

Clear Vision for the Future

In this Industry Dialogue, SnapCab President Corinna Mossberg talks about how the company, is evolving with Corning® Gorilla® Glass.

by Kaija Wilkinson After a 25-year career with Otis, Corinna Mossberg (CM) was named president of SnapCab, headquartered in Warrington, Pennsylvania, near Philadelphia, earlier this year, to support SnapCab CEO Glenn Bostock in bringing his company’s patented, interlocking panels — including those outfitted with Corning® Gorilla® Glass — to new applications and markets. The panels are used in elevator-cab and other interiors. Holding master’s degrees in Management and Mechanical Engineering from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Mossberg began her career with automotive supplier UT Automotive in Dearborn, Michigan, as a product launch and support manager. In this role, she managed large groups of engineers and lab technicians to take automotive products from R&D to market. Later, as an independent consultant, Mossberg was involved with the introduction of a

dialysis machine for a major healthcare company, including getting U.S. Food and Drug Administration approval. It was then on to Otis, where she held management positions that involved manufacturing, supply-chain and quality management for major vertical-transportation projects throughout North America. She frequently interacted with clients at Otis, so the transition to SnapCab was an easy one. Mossberg took a few minutes to chat with ELEVATOR WORLD about where the company is and where it’s headed. EW: When EW spoke with SnapCab in 2016, its Corning® Gorilla® Glass panels were manufactured for the U.S. market in a 45,000-sq.-ft. facility in Warrington; there was a Canadian plant in Kingston, Ontario; and sales offices in Arizona and Texas. Has anything changed since? CM: We have added sales teams in California, Tennessee and New York, and are in the process of acquiring a space adjacent to our Warrington facility that will allow us to expand by 11,000 sq. ft. We aim to have that

Here, a SnapCab elevator interior brings a whole new feel to the humble freight elevator.

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Mossberg

process completed in July. Employment is more than 80 in Warrington and is about 25 in Canada. This is due to both the increase in the elevator market and new architectural markets we’re entering. Under the leadership of our CEO, we continue to develop new and innovative products like the SnapCab Pod and SnapCab Portal. EW: Where and how is SnapCab growing? CM: We’re going into new architectural markets outside of the elevator cab, such as conference rooms, hallways, lobbies and coworking space. Geographically, New York City (NYC) is seeing tremendous growth. We are strongest in states where elevator codes are most stringent, such as California and Nevada. Growth in these states is attributed to our fire-rated elevator interiors, which are tested in end-use configuration. EW: Media walls, antimicrobial/anti-glare finishes and interactive displays were emerging a few years ago in Corning Gorilla Glass. Have these sorts of panels come to fruition? Which other trends are you seeing in how customers are incorporating the material? CM: Antimicrobial and anti-glare panels are available but only for small electronics. The growth in that segment is contingent on successfully working with manufacturers to develop bigger sizes. Once that happens, the panels will be used in a greater variety of projects. We’ve come a long way in terms of finding expanding applications for the glass panels and are very optimistic about the

future. The anti-glare finish is now a standard option and is utilized often. EW: What is an example of a recent elevator cab job that incorporated Gorilla Glass in a remarkable and innovative way? CM: Because I’m relatively new here, I’ve visited some customers, I see a lot of installations. I was tickled pink recently when I saw a freight elevator in NYC that had incorporated our Corning Gorilla Glass panels in a very striking way. Typically, freight elevators are boring or look a little beat up, but when the elevator door opened in this particular building, you see a gorgeous portrait of a very attractive woman. It totally changes the feel of the freight elevator, which is located right off the lobby of this facility. I thought it was a creative way to add aesthetics to a functioning freight elevator, treating it more like a passenger unit. It is so nicely decorated, it gives you an entirely different feel. EW: What do you believe sets SnapCab panels apart from its competitors? CM: Design. It’s a patented, interconnected system of efficiency that results in time and labor savings for clients. Instead of dragging on for days, these panels snap together very quickly in a repeatable system. We have a Lean manufacturing system at our facilities that supports the design and makes the panels easy to install and service. It’s easy to do business with us, and clients like that. EW: Which new models will SnapCab be launching at the National Association of Elevator Contractors convention in September? CM: I prefer not to talk about specifics, but Corning Gorilla Glass will be a key differentiator. People will have to be surprised!  đ&#x;Œ?

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Focus on Cabs and Cab Aesthetics

Elevator Cab Decoration Planning Issues by Samson Babu

How the humble cab can become impressive and unforgettable

Interior decoration and aesthetics of modern buildings and spaces play an important role, expressing the culture, value and brand identity of each building and its occupants. This mentality is often extended into the decoration of elevators. An elevator car is an uninteresting enclosed space; by decorating it beautifully, it is converted into a special space, and the elevator travel experience becomes impressive and unforgettable. Decorating an elevator car may look like an independent and easy task. However, there are various other elements that require consideration while designing and executing them. In this article, we will elaborate on the recommended practices for decorating elevator cars/entrances, while reviewing various coordination issues and code-related issues.

Car Area Vs EN 81-70 Prior to embarking on adding decoration panels to the elevator car, compliance requirements with respect to EN 81-70 should be considered. On premium projects, owners prefer to provide “full wheelchair rotation” within the elevator car, and this is possible per the accessibility code with a minimum car size of 2,000 mm wide X 1,400 mm deep. If additional decoration panels are added to the car, their thickness will reduce this size, making

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compliance with “wheelchair rotation” unfeasible. However, if this is not avoidable, then it is preferable to select an even larger elevator car, which can both accommodate interior decoration panels and meet the dimensional requirements of EN 81-70. Interior designers often use up to 40 mm per wall for decoration panels, which includes the decoration panels and their fixing Z clips. This would mean the elevator car’s clear width will be reduced by 80 mm. It is recommended to use decoration panels with honeycomb backing, which reduce the net thickness and weight of decoration panels.

Cataloged or Custom It is recommended to select interior decorations offered by elevator suppliers whenever possible. There is no match to factory-finished decoration, as it is developed and manufactured by the same elevator supplier with the same level of quality assurance as the elevator equipment itself. Perfect finishing can be expected with respect to positioning, affixation, alignment, verticality, surface waviness, gaps and corners. Leading elevator suppliers have a wide range of attractive elevator decorations, consisting of stainless steel with etched patterns, textured

Type 1, 450-kg capacity

1,100-mm-wide X 1,250-mm-deep car

Supports a manual wheelchair

Type 2, 630-kg capacity

1,100-mm-wide X 1,400-mm-deep car

Supports a manual wheelchair Supports electric wheelchair types A and B

Type 3, 1,275-kg capacity

2,000-mm-wide X 1,400-mm-deep car

www.elevatorworld.com • June 2018

Supports a manual wheelchair Supports electric wheelchair types A, B and C

Interior decoration panels shall not reduce the clear sizes at left required by EN 81-70.


A Rigidized Metals honeycomb panel

Sound-deadening pads from 3M with self adhesive for car body panels

Stiffeners at the back of car body panels

stainless steel, colored stainless steel, colored glass, printed laminate and wood laminate. In case factory-supplied finishes are selected (and especially in case of stainless-steel panels), the elevator supplier should take care to provide the required stiffeners for the panels in order to avoid drumming noises from them. This may be either a metal stiffener welded to the backside of the panel, a commercial anti-drumming coating or a selfadhesive pad attached to the backside of the panel.

Car-Shell Finishes Each architect faces the question of which finish should be selected for the car shell: primed/painted or a superior finish. Because adding the decoration panels to the car shell ultimately hides its finish, it seems logical to select a primed/painted finish. However, the decoration details must be studied prior to finalizing the finish of the car shell. If there are multiple panels with gaps between them, the finish of the car shell will leak through the gaps. A similar condition exists at the corners, where the panels do not touch each other, and there are gaps at corners, exposing the finish of the car shell. In such conditions, suitable reveal strips (stainless steel or another finish) must be placed at the gaps to hide the car shell. Alternatively, the entire car shell can be in stainless steel.

Materials It is essential to choose the right materials to comply with the code requirements once the decision is made to custom manufacture the interior decoration. Elevator safety codes require the decorative materials to be nonflammable with limited reaction to fire. The decorative materials for the car walls, ceiling,

Z clip mounting for the decoration panels

accessories and flooring shall comply to low smoke-emission levels, limited contribution to fire and low production of flaming droplets/particles upon exposure to fire. It is recommended to avoid uncertified, low-quality, artificial gypsum boards and products with high contents of volatile organic compounds.

General Arrangement of Decoration Panels Decoration panels added to the elevator car shell may be affixed using various methods, including gluing and/or by using Z clips. It is not recommended to use Z clips made from wood. Lightweight aluminum Z clips are more durable. The decoration panels should be arranged with suitable clearances between adjacent panels to ensure easy installation/ replacement. Gaps between the panels may require special treatment, such as reveal strips. Corner posts are helpful in arranging the decoration panels with uniform dimensions with suitable clearance. Not enough clearance may cause squeaking (especially at the corners, if the decoration panels are installed without clearances) as the panels rub against each other. In many instances, interior decoration is not applied for the front return panels and car operating panels (COPs). The thickness of decoration panels should be coordinated so the COP is in line/ flush with the adjacent panels. Depending on the thickness of the decoration panels, the elevator supplier may be required to adjust its COP dimensions, and this must be coordinated early enough to avoid unsightly projections.

Weight of Car Decoration Care must be taken not to add too much decoration weight to the elevator system. More decoration weight must be compensated at the counterweight side, and it would ultimately increase the motor shaft suspended load. If there is excessive decoration weight

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traction machine’s motor will be overloaded. This will cause motor failure, as the motor draws more current than its optimal design limit established by the elevator manufacturer.

Flooring Decoration

Mirror stainless-steel reveal that can be seen between wooden decoration panels

Elevator flooring is custom to reflect and continue the flooring pattern of the elevator lobby in most modern buildings, whether residential or commercial. The flooring is not supplied by the elevator supplier. A bare platform with a space provision (floor recess) for floor finish/tiles is requested from the elevator supplier. Often, the platform received from the elevator supplier is steel, over which the floor tile is laid with a grout or glue. To reduce a drumming sound on the flooring, it is recommended to request an underlay from the elevator supplier. Such flooring includes sound-absorbent plywood underlay up to 16 mm thick affixed to the platform. It must be noted that the plywood underlay shall be fire resistant and marine-grade quality to withstand the effects of moisture and humidity. In areas such as kitchens, hospitals and laboratories, hygiene is of utmost importance. It is difficult to clean and maintain the elevator car flooring at corners and at floor-to-wall junctions. For such locations, it is recommended to use “coved ends” for the flooring, in which the flooring is gently coved onto the adjacent wall and terminated at a capping seal. Such flooring prevents accumulation of dirt and bacteria.

Continued

added to a nominal elevator capacity, a standard elevator machine may not be sufficient. The elevator supplier may be required to upsize the traction machine, which, in turn, would affect the shaft size, shaft layout and cost. It is recommended to limit the decoration weight as shown below. Once the installation of elevator decoration is complete, the elevator supplier must make sure that the right amount of balancing weight is added to the counterweight. Otherwise, the

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Coved-end flooring eliminates the accumulation of dirt at corners.

A guide for the limiting of decoration weight (Numbers include all decoration elements, such as car walls, car floor, car ceiling and accessories.)

Elevator capacity: 800 and 1000 kg

Decoration weight limit: 300 kg

Elevator capacity: more than 1,000 kg

Decoration weight limit: 500 kg

www.elevatorworld.com • June 2018


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A disco ball and special effects inside an elevator at a LEGOLAND Hotel Ventilation slots exposed to public view

Lighting

Specialty lighting design for elevator cars by Fujitec

Interior-design (ID) architects also design lighting concepts and other themed special effects for elevators. Care must be taken to specify readily available fixtures, as specialty fixtures are difficult to replace. The fixtures should also be easily accessible for quick replacement and produce a minimum of 100 lux at the car floor level. Depending on project requirements, it may be required to install dimmer controls for the light fittings to allow fine tuning of lighting with respect to its surroundings. Where acrylic sheets are used as the lens for light fittings, the arrangement of the fittings should ensure there are no dark /bright spots on the acrylic lens. Acrylic sheets shall have high lighttransmission capability. To avoid yellowing of acrylic sheets, those selected should be of high quality with an ultraviolet protection layer. Heat generated by lights in the elevator should also be considered to ensure the car remains cool and comfortable. Installing too many fixtures might increase the heat generated inside the elevator car, and this must be verified at the design stage. Color temperatures of 2,400-2,700 K are required. It is recommended to avoid using incandescent lamps. Similar color temperatures can be achieved without generating much heat by using extra-warm-white LED lamps and appropriate dimming controls. Certain innovative projects include lighting embedded in the flooring. This must be carefully coordinated with the elevator supplier to allow for floor recessing, wiring and lighting installation. On many projects, decorative lighting is retained for both normal and emergency (power failure) conditions. It is recommended to include an “emergency light test switch� within the car controls to periodically check if the emergency lighting is in good working condition. The elevator supplier is required to study the lighting concept and make suitable provisions for power supply and space for mounting the ballast and uninterruptible power supply unit on the car.

Ventilation Specialty lighting design for elevator cars; source: www.pinterest.com/eStruc

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All elevator cars are to be provided with apertures at the upper and lower levels for natural ventilation. When adding decoration Continued


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Ventilation slots hidden within the kickplate

Location of COP, complying with accessibility code EN 81-70

concept. Each car is provided with an emergency-rescue opening on its roof, and any design for ceiling decoration should ensure the emergency-rescue opening is not blocked. The ceiling must be dismountable quickly, without use of special tools and without any assistance from passengers inside the elevator car. While it is often preferred to place the COPs on the front return panels, the accessibility code requires it to be located on the side panels for ease of access. Care must be taken not to place the push buttons very close to the corners but maintain a minimum of 400 mm from the corners. Similarly, the placement of handrails should comply with accessibility-code requirements (i.e., within a height of 900 mm from the finished floor). The handrail should be discontinued at the location of the COP. Though the car flooring generally follows the lobby flooring, it must be ensured the flooring offers good grip and a nonslip surface. Usage of mirrors inside the car should be considered carefully to not cause confusion for the disabled/elderly. Any mirror panel shall not continue to floor level; its bottom edge shall be a minimum of 300 mm above floor level. All mirrors used within the elevator cars should have anti-shatter safety backing. Only laminated glass should be used when using glass for the decoration of elevator cars. This is to prevent injuries that may be caused from shattering. For added strength, tempered glass panels that withstand high impact forces may be used. For smaller elevator cars, where wheelchair rotation is not possible, it is recommended to install rearview mirrors (corner dome mirrors) at the corners of the elevator car to help wheelchair users while reversing out from the elevator car upon exit.

Door Panels

Dome corner mirror inside elevator for wheelchair reversing; source: Safety-Security-Mirrors

panels to the elevator car, it is possible to block these ventilation apertures. More often, the lower-level apertures are provided within the kickplate assembly. The elevator supplier should review the interior decoration concept with the architect and should ensure the decoration panels do not block the ventilation apertures. Some elevator suppliers provide the ventilation apertures at the elevator-car entrance column (front return panel). Since the apertures are visible to public view, this can spoil the aesthetics of the elevator car. It is preferable to hide the ventilation apertures as much as possible.

Emergency- and Accessibility-Related Issues The ID architect should carefully consider the disabled code requirements for elevators while developing the decoration

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Elevator car decoration also includes decoration concepts for the car- and landing-door panels. For custom finishes, the elevator supplier provides only primed (or stainless-steel) door panels from the factory. The special finishes are generally added to the door panel by 0.8-mm-thick door skins attached by adhesives. Care must be taken so as not to increase the weight of the door panels, as this could affect the door opening/closing performance. Especially in the case of large door sizes (such as 1,200-mmwide and 2,400-mm-tall doors), the weight of the door in itself is great, and adding decorative skins will increase the weight of the door panels. The elevator safety code restricts the kinetic energy of a moving door panel to 10 J. In certain premium projects, fast doors with high closing/opening speeds are utilized. In such projects, increasing the weight of the door will reduce the door speed to keep the kinetic energy within the required limit. Similar to the car body panels, elevator door panels should also be fixed with stiffeners to avoid drumming sounds.

Door Sills The industry standard is to provide door sills in extruded aluminum. However, it is recommended to manufacture superior finishes out of solid metal. Their description becomes, for example, “stainless-steel door sills, machined and polished.� Some elevator suppliers propose to provide aluminum door sills clad with stainless-steel sheets by local vendors. Since the addition of the sheet to the original sill reduces the door guide clearance,


Solid stainless-steel door sills, machined and polished (ARCHI-TREAD)

Protective drapes to protect car interior decoration; source: Kapok88

Aluminum door sill clad with stainless-steel sheet

Permanent hook installed on car panel for suspending protective drapes; source: Kapok88

Damaged door sill with stainless-steel cladding

Decorative bumper rail for passenger elevator cars

such practice is not recommended. Also, sills with thin cladding will suffer damage/dents with the use of trolleys. While this practice may be acceptable for light passenger use, it is not acceptable where high point/wheel loads are required (such as in freight elevators). Only solid stainless-steel door sills should be provided for use with freight elevators.

Protection of Decoration Panels It is essential to prevent accidental damage to car decoration panels by users and their belongings such as luggage trolleys, strollers, wheelchairs, etc. While handrails are always installed, it is not common to provide bumper rails on decorated elevator cars. Considering the difficulty of replacing a damaged panel (especially if it is of a specialty finish and avoiding elevator downtime is critical), the ID architect may consider adding decorative bumper rails that match the elevator’s decoration theme. On some projects, the decorated passenger elevator is also used for furniture movement and/or back-of-house traffic. It is recommended to include removable protection drapes for such requirements. The cars will be provided with permanent suspension hooks/pins installed inside the car to which specially fabricated protection drapes will be attached during furniture/ trolley movement. The protection drapes will temporarily protect the panels on all sides of the elevator car and be removed prior to returning the elevator to normal passenger use. Continued June 2018 • ELEVATOR WORLD

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Deep textured finish for service-elevator car panes by Rigidized Metals

Hall call station, mounted directly on lobby wall without a faceplate

Having a joint line above the COP is unsightly and should be avoided. Hall lantern lamp with custom shape in Burj Khalifa

Service-Elevator Decoration Service passenger elevators are used for the vertical transportation of back-of-house support staff and equipment. Basic hairline stainless-steel finish is usually provided for their cars and doors. However, this finish cannot accommodate or withstand the abusive nature of service traffic. Dents and scratches will appear almost immediately, and the condition becomes worse as the elevator continues in service. It is recommended to use sturdier finishes for service-elevator cars and doors. Rigidized stainless-steel finish is one such finish available in a wide range of patterns. Rigidizing involves strengthening the panels by deep texturing, thereby increasing impact resistance. A rigidized finish can also hide scratches and dents. Checkered plate flooring is provided for service elevators in heavy-duty environments such as hotels. Alternatively, durable PVC tiles and stone flooring may be used. Hall lanterns mounted directly on the transom panel without a faceplate; source: ASD/SKY

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Spares Where interior decoration involves unique/ exclusive decoration, it is recommended to procure one additional set of decoration as a spare. Such specially made panels may not be


Push buttons should have high contrast from their surroundings.

Preformed snap button hole plug on a COP

Different types of hole plugs; source: FarnellMulticomp

available readily or even in the same country. In high-profile projects, it is necessary to replace damaged decoration immediately. When spare panels are available onsite, the replacement of panels can be completed quickly. Spares should also be considered for custom accent lighting, speaker systems, floor lighting, handrail lighting, handrails, suspended chandeliers, disco balls and other items that are part of the interior decoration concept. A list of spares must be prepared for each project, and it should consider each elevator car size individually.

Selection of Signal Fixtures

The following general interior-decoration rules apply to signal fixtures: ♦♦ Fixtures shall have screw-less affixing means. ♦♦ The location of the fixtures shall comply with accessibility requirements. ♦♦ Select signal fixtures with colors that contrast with their surroundings. ♦♦ Other than standard elevator-operation buttons, all other buttons/key switches shall be hidden in a discreet cabinet. In general, all signal fixtures have their own faceplate, which is then mounted on a surface (may be a wall or car panel). On special projects, such faceplates are not preferred. Rather, the push buttons/indicators are directly mounted on the surface. Though carrying out maintenance for such units is challenging, some high-profile hotel and corporate projects demand such arrangement. Such special projects also demand increased car clear heights, such as 2,600-2,900 mm. In its standard configuration, the COP does not continue up to and beyond the suspended ceiling, leaving a visible joint line. This is not desirable, as it spoils the aesthetic look of the car. The elevator supplier should fabricate the COP with special dimensions so the joint line is eliminated. as signal fixtures with high-contrast color from their surroundings must be selected, push buttons should differ strikingly from the adjacent material. Their visibility will be even worse when standard stainless steel/silver buttons are selected for a stainless-steel COP. Visually challenged users will have a hard time locating the push buttons’ operable area. While adding decoration panels to the left/right of the COP, consideration must be made for the operability of the panel for maintenance/repair. Hinged swing-open panels are most convenient but require swing space at the hinge. Some elevator suppliers provide a keyhole above the COP to keep the COP locked. These should be closed with removable buttons in stainless steel or steel in a color that matches the COP.

Conclusion Interior decoration of elevator cars is not just limited to the scope of an ID architect. It involves elaborate consideration of various technical/aesthetic issues related to the manufacture of the elevator equipment itself. Elevator cars must be decorated in full consultation with elevator consultants so the concerns are understood by the design team. The elevator consultant must be aware of the current trends and methods in elevator decoration and should provide practical guidance, considering both the project requirements and concerns from the elevator manufacturer in fulfilling them. Such “considered ID charter” for elevators will be easy for elevator manufacturers to follow and incorporate.

Samson Babu is technical director for VTME Vertical Transportation Systems Consultants in Dubai. He may be contacted at email: sbabu@ vtmeconsulting.com.

Very rarely, the ID architect designs custom signal fixtures. In iconic projects like the Burj Khalifa in Dubai, the elevator hall lantern lamp is custom designed, reflecting the shape of the tower. June 2018 • ELEVATOR WORLD

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Focus on Cabs and Cab Aesthetics

Where No Man (or Elevator Cab) Has Gone Before

This month’s History column investigates the “futuristic” elevator cabs in Star Trek: The Original Series.

by Dr. Lee Gray, EW Correspondent On September 8, 1966, the U.S. TV-viewing public tuned in to NBC to watch a new sciencefiction series: Star Trek. It is safe to assume that no one watching the inaugural broadcast could have imagined the cultural impact of this program and its progeny. It may also be safe to assume that when, 15 min. into the first episode, Captain Kirk and Lieutenant Commander Spock exited the bridge, the public (and members of the vertical-

transportation industry) had their first glimpse of an elevator on a spaceship. While the elevator system found on the Starship Enterprise is worthy of a detailed examination (and will be the subject of a future article), viewers’ experience of this technology was primarily limited to the elevator cab. Thus, this initial foray into the world of Star Trek elevators will focus on the cab design. Star Trek was the inspired creation of TV writer and producer Eugene Wesley “Gene” Roddenberry (1921-1991). He established the imaginative and intellectual parameters of the series and provided the vision for the Enterprise. Art director and set designer Walter M. “Matt” Jefferies (1921-2003) was charged with translating Roddenberry’s vision into TV “reality.” Both men served in the U.S. Army Air Corps during World War II: Roddenberry was a B-17 pilot in the Pacific, and Jefferies was a B-17 copilot in North Africa and Europe. During the preand postwar eras, the creative duo also witnessed the transition from operatordriven elevators to modern operator-less systems. The artistic impact of their shared experiences — flying one of the most sophisticated planes of its time and riding

Figure 1: Matt Jefferies, original design for turbo-lift car interior; screenshot from Star Trek: The Original Series, 2015 DVD © Paramount Pictures Corp. and CBS Studios

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Figure 2: Jefferies, turbo-lift car controller operated by Captain Kirk; screenshot from Star Trek: The Original Series, 2015 DVD © Paramount Pictures Corp. and CBS Studios

Figure 3: Jefferies, turbo-lift car controllers operated by multiple passengers; screenshot from Star Trek: The Original Series, 2015 DVD © Paramount Pictures Corp. and CBS Studios

old and new elevators — is open to speculation. And yet, it is tempting to imagine the B-17’s aeronautical operational complexity conceptually blending with their awareness of contemporary elevator technologies and this synthesis informing the design of what eventually became known as a “turbo-lift.” The examination of a technological device “invented” for use in a TV program raises a host of questions including, but not limited to, its intended use as a stage prop. In 1968, Roddenberry described the inspiration behind – and the dramatic need for – a unique elevator system: “Obviously, efficient movement around such a large vessel requires mechanical assistance. This is provided by the ship’s turbo-elevators. These high-speed lifts run both horizontally and vertically. TV story needs first made the turbo-elevators necessary. An action-adventure television show must move at a fast, dramatic pace. And it became obvious in the first few episodes that this could be no mere ‘elevator’ — our characters had to get places horizontally just as fast. Once again, story needs resulted in a concept that was not only logical, but necessary in a vessel of this size.”[1] In his directions to writers and directors, Roddenberry also provided a critical additional operational insight into his vision for the Enterprise turbo-lifts. In reference to the standing (permanent) sets, which included the elevator cab, he noted, “All through the ship are turbo-lifts, which can be programmed for lateral and/or vertical movement. One can reach most any section aboard by activating its control vocally.”[2] These cues informed Jefferies’ turbo-lift cab design. In fact, Jefferies produced two designs. Two Star Trek pilot programs were produced in the Desilu Production studios in Culver City, California. (Studio executives had rejected the first pilot.) After the series was approved for production, it was moved to the Desilu studios in Hollywood. (Desilu Productions became Paramount Television in 1977). This move necessitated the

dismantling of the sets used for the pilots and their reassembly in Hollywood. This process permitted the redesign of various set elements, including the turbo-lift cab. Jefferies’ initial cab design (seen in the pilot episodes) featured a circular plan, a motionindicator panel, and an open mesh roof (evident in the shadow pattern in Figure 1). The motion-indicator panel, seen on the wall between Kirk and Spock, featured “shadow bars” that moved vertically or horizontally in the lighted panel, thus indicating the direction the car was moving. This feature appears to have been used to give the appearance of movement and emphasize the elevator’s operational speed. By the time the sets where reassembled in Hollywood, Jefferies had redesigned the cab. A more-or-less heptagonal (seven-sided) or polygonal configuration replaced the circular plan. The indicator panel remained, although it was now positioned at the rear of the cab, opposite the door. The flat planar walls also incorporated a new feature: each panel included a controller with a projecting cylindrical “handle.” The design origins of this device are unknown. Although Roddenberry had established the “fact” that turbo-lift passengers could access “most any section aboard by activating its control vocally,” Jefferies apparently felt that the program’s characters needed to be more actively engaged in the elevator’s operation. Thus, when a passenger entered the cab, they first grasped the cylindrical handle, turned it clockwise (an action that switched on a white light in the control box), then gave a voice command directing the elevator to its destination (Figure 2). A passenger would return the handle to its original position upon exiting. It’s possible that Jefferies was (consciously or not) inspired by hand-controllers found in old operator-driven elevators. This might explain the why, in most cases, when more than one passenger entered a cab, at least one person grasped a handle throughout the cab’s journey from start to stop. However, this does not explain why, in other instances, all the passengers held onto handles while the cab was moving (Figure 3).

Continued

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Figure 4: Jefferies, turbo-lift car communication panel (The white light on means the system is activated.); screenshot from Star Trek: The Original Series, 2015 DVD © Paramount Pictures Corp. and CBS Studios

Figure 5: Jefferies, turbo-lift car and shaft doors; screenshot from Star Trek: The Original Series, 2015 DVD © Paramount Pictures Corp. and CBS Studios

While hoping to find operational logic in a TV program may be the very definition of a “fool’s errand,” Roddenberry’s commitment to science fiction, rather than fantasy, makes the expectation of finding such logic seem, perhaps, slightly more reasonable. Attempting to chronicle the elevator system’s initial operational characteristics by watching Star Trek episodes reveals another, somewhat illogical, aspect of TV productions. Most series employ two identification codes for each episode: a production code (indicating when the episode was filmed) and a broadcast code (indicating when the episode aired). Although there are many instances in which programs are broadcast in the order they are produced, there are as many exceptions to this rule. For example, the second pilot to be filmed (the one that convinced the studio to make the series) was not the first episode aired. The first episode broadcast was the sixth in terms of production, while the pilot was broadcast third. Thus, to trace the use pattern and development of the turbo-lift, episodes must be watched according to their production code. The research for this article involved watching the first nine episodes of season one, noting all elevator appearances (by time stamp on the DVD) and carefully recording the physical and operational characteristics observed. (This somewhat obsessivecompulsive activity will be completed for the remaining 70 episodes at a future date, in conjunction with an article on the entire elevator system.) While this data revealed some operational inconsistencies, such as those noted above, the overall use was remarkably consistent. Additional features of the cab observed through this process included the door operation and the presence of a small communication panel. The latter was located above a red

light (the function of which is unknown at this time) and a white button used to turn the system on and off (Figure 4). The doors were a classic example of TV production stagecraft: all sliding doors on the Enterprise set were operated by stagehands pushing and pulling the doors when they opened and closed. This may account for the fact that only once in the first nine episodes are two sets of doors — one for the car and one for the shaft — clearly visible (Figure 5). Most of the time, only one pair of doors is seen. It is, however, worth noting that because of the highly synchronized action of modern elevator doors, most passengers simply perceive that the elevator doors open and close, with no overt distinction between car and shaft doors. In conclusion, it should be noted that I am, in fact, not a “Trekkie” — a fan obsessed with the original series of Star Trek. My true obsession — and passion — is evident to those who have read my articles over the years. I am delighted to be the elevator (and escalator and moving-walk) historian. In pursuit of these subjects, I have, in addition to reading a mountain of technical material, watched movies, read murder mysteries, listened to songs and played with toys. I can now add to this list of research activities watching episodes of a classic science-fiction TV series. I have the best job in the world.

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References [1] Stephen E. Whitfield & Gene Roddenberry. The Making of Star Trek (New York: Ballantine Books, 1968), p. 192-193. [2] Star Trek Writers/Directors Guide, Third Revision (Paramount TV Production: April 17, 1967).


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Focus on Cabs and Cab Aesthetics

Pre-Engineered Opportunities

This Product Spotlight examines the benefits of Concept Elevator’s Eleclip.

by Bill Swenson Sometimes, the perfect opportunity is right in front of us, and we look past it. Such an opportunity for elevator contractors is the potential sales and income to be gained from upgrading elevator cab interiors. Most building owners and managers regard the elevator’s visual aspect as being just as important as its functioning. It is the first impression they make on tenants and visitors once they leave the lobby. Older, outdated finishes can create an

impression of poor maintenance, and reflect on the value of the tenant space. Contractors are always looking for ways to improve elevator performance and service, as they should. Upgrading cabs’ appearance is often lower on the list of priorities, as the aesthetic considerations are competing with functional concerns for funding. Through planning, the aesthetic improvements can be included in the modernization budget, and the use of preengineered interiors simplifies the budgeting process. By making only a few measurements, the contractor can quickly develop budget quotes for interior upgrades. When it comes to aesthetics, many elevator contractors will bring in outside companies to perform the work for them. This is mainly because of the complexities involving finish upgrades, scheduling and coordination. Preengineered cab solutions simplify the estimating, ordering and installation of new, modern finishes, giving elevator contractors control over this aspect of their projects. Concept Elevator’s Eleclip is a patented pre-engineered solution that eliminates the complexity and risks associated with cab upgrades and, thus, presents contractors with opportunities to increase revenue. By using standard configurations, the proposal process is much easier and less time consuming. Customers need only select a panel Continued

Concept Elevator’s “Imperial” design incorporates vertical panels with accent reveals. Panels and reveals are available in many different finishes.

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The “Executive” package incorporates vertical panels above the chair-rail panel and horizontal panels below. Finishes include wood veneers, laminates, glass, metals and various composite materials.

The “Biscayne” package incorporates horizontal panels with an inlay of various metals to accent the wall design.

arrangement, basic panel finishes (including laminates and metals) and ceiling types to create a budget proposal. The final finish selections can be made later. Eleclip takes all critical design items into consideration and provides a simple solution. The estimating process only requires three measurements and basic finish selections. The ordering process is a single-page form that can be completed onsite. The installation process is simple and typically takes less than one day. The Eleclip system is designed with a fastening clip as part of the installed reveals. By placing the reveals in predetermined

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The patented Eleclip sliding tray ceiling exposes almost half of the canopy for easy access to the escape hatch. Its lightweight design can be installed in minutes.

locations, the installer needs to only clip on the panels and lock them into place with concealed attachments, all from inside the cab. This system also makes it easy to replace panels in the future, if needed. Short and simple installation videos and survey forms are available at eleclip.com. Cab ceilings and lighting have always made cab renovations difficult. While many have existing lay-in ceilings with florescent light fixtures, some may have light coves or island ceilings. The Eleclip pre-engineered downlight ceiling uses a sliding tray ceiling, the frame for which two people can easily install in minutes. The metal or wood panels are then clipped to the frame, and the sliding escape panel is clipped into place. LED lighting can be used as direct or perimeter lighting. The most common finish found in elevators is typically a code-compliant wood panel faced in plastic laminate. There are varying arrangements and laminates to use to create different designs. With Eleclip pre-engineered interiors, different materials can be used to meet the needs of the application. Metals can be cleanly applied to lightweight substrates or wood. Using V-groove technology, these panels have clean edges and sharp lines. Composite materials can also be utilized, as can stone and glass. Different combinations of panel arrangements, finishes and reveals can create a multitude of designs. Eleclip is a simple, lightweight package that is easy to order and installs quickly. Simplifying cab renovations allows elevator contractors to expand product offerings and scope of work, which presents opportunities for more revenue. www.conceptelevator.com Bill Swenson is vice president of Sales and Marketing for Concept Elevator Group. Swenson’s former roles include director of Sales and Marketing for CemcoLift, general manager for Unitec, Open Order manager for Otis and branch manager for US Elevator. He holds an MS in Management from Purdue University and a BS in Management from Southeast Missouri State University.


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Focus on Cabs and Cab Aesthetics

Canton Expands Cab Offerings

New powder-coat colors, specialized cars for transit stations among products now available.

submitted by Canton Architectural Products Canton Architectural Products has expanded the powder-coat color offerings for its steel shell cabs. Standard colors were previously limited to black, white and gray, but the company’s standard powder-coating color pallet has been expanded to include a variety of standard colors. Additionally, the company offers premium or custom colors to complement other colors in the building. Canton also has expanded its capabilities with specialized cabs for public transit applications, such as subways, airports and railway stations, which have high-traffic demands. These cabs feature walls and doors manufactured with clear laminated, tempered safety glass panels for heightened visibility and durability. The cab structure and car top can be fabricated from alloy 316 stainless steel for maximum corrosion resistance. They can also be designed to meet specified weight requirements, or be equipped with air conditioning units for use in warm climates. The company also offers cab modernization packages, including hang-on wall panels, ceiling and lighting options, and various materials and designs for handrails and bumper rails. Upgraded cabs can

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enhance the elevator’s appearance, which can leave a lasting impression on users. Founded in 2004, Canton Architectural Products manufactures and markets all types and configurations of elevator cabs and cab components. Operating under the same roof as Canton Elevator, the company strives for the same high quality and quick turnaround products for the industry. Canton Architectural Products has a growing reputation among elevator contractors who look for superior-quality elevator cabs at competitive prices. Canton Architectural Products offers a standard line of cabs available with several different designs and finishes. The company builds custom designs based on the customer’s plans and specifications. Stainless steel, bronze, decorative art glass, backpainted glass, wood veneer, custom millwork, marble and granite are among the materials available. The company’s services include cabs for new construction, cabs and cab components for modernization or repair, as well as design and value engineering consultation. Cab design and quality features include the following:


♌♌ Every cab is fully assembled, erected and subjected to a thorough inspection process prior to shipping; ♌♌ All cabs are engineered using 3D modeling software; ♌♌ All cabs are ASME A17.1 code compliant; ♌♌ All side walls, canopies and ceilings are packed and shipped pre-assembled for quick and simple assembly in the field; ♌♌ All lighting is mounted, pre-wired and tested prior to shipping to save additional field labor;

♌♌ Canopy panels are fabricated from 12-gauge steel with a durable powder-coated finish; ♌♌ Steel walls, entry posts and transoms are fabricated from 14-gauge steel. For more information, contact Canton Architectural Products, 2575 Greensburg Road, North Canton, OH 44720; phone 330-833-3600; email architecture@nidec-canton. com; or visit cantonarchitecturalproducts.com.   đ&#x;Œ?

Glass and metal construction is available for a contemporary look.

Panels or wall choices include wood veneer or custom millwork (walnut wood shown).

Laminate panels with a variety of patterns and colors are available.

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Focus on Cabs and Cab Aesthetics

Elevating Architecture Elevecture explains how it provides design solutions using Corning® Gorilla® Glass.

submitted by Elevecture Headquartered in New York City (NYC), Elevecture is utilizing Corning® Gorilla® Glass to provide design solutions for elevator cabs and other interiors. Originally designed to be a cover glass for consumer electronics, Gorilla Glass is used in billions of devices worldwide and is continuing to evolve into new applications. Elevecture is continuing its mission to solve common elevator design problems — such as weight and durability — by laminating thin, lightweight, damage-resistant, clear Gorilla Glass to wood veneers, delicate fabrics, metals and graphics for what Elevecture describes as “a visually appealing, practical solution.” Elevecture traces its beginnings to National Elevator Cab & Door Corp. (ELEVATOR WORLD, April 2017), founded by Arthur Gabriner, then led by his son-in-law, Harold Friedman and, now, by Harold’s son, Jeffrey. Harold Friedman was among the first to see the possibilities for Gorilla Glass in elevator interiors. In 2016, Elevecture became its own company led by Harold’s daughter, Lianne Friedman. It now focuses on educating architects, interior designers and developers about how the glass can reshape their buildings. Elevecture panels bring beauty and functionality to new spaces and refurbished old ones. Elevecture approached Corning several years ago to help solve a customer’s elevator problem, realizing the unique properties of Gorilla Glass make it an ideal material for elevator interiors. Since that initial meeting, Elevecture has

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continued to expand its use of Gorilla Glass beyond elevators into building interiors such as lobbies, office fit-outs and residential spaces. Lianne Friedman states: “I’m amazed at the design freedom we are able to achieve with Gorilla Glass, and am excited about continuing to explore new ways to incorporate it into our products. Gorilla Glass is durable and lightweight, which alleviates concerns that are otherwise typical in elevator remodeling. Not to mention, the clarity of the glass enables the details of the substrate laminated to it to stand out. It’s remarkable.” Last year, Elevecture played a key role in launching the Innovation Center – a collaborative space that showcases glass surfaces with a variety of finishes and products that can be designed into buildings and furniture, as well as products that can be integrated into rooms, on walls and in elevators. At 740 Broadway in NYC, the Innovation Center is a place for developers, architects and designers to see “how the


Inside the Innovation Center

technologies of tomorrow enable the spaces of today,� Lianne Friedman observes. Upon entering the Innovation Center lobby, visitors are surrounded by floor-to-ceiling Elevecture panels that feature Gorilla Glass, in addition to a “breathtaking� nature scene brought to life on 42 video monitors. Stepping into the elevator, visitors are welcomed by the smooth, even lighting and clear elevator panels as they make their way to the 10th floor, where the crisp glass walls lead into the Innovation Center. Inside, visitors experience handson demonstrations of the latest technology in glass, lighting and wireless building solutions. Lianne Friedman says: “Owners renovating or building new structures want materials and technologies that will not be obsolete in a few years; working with Corning makes everything come together, from interior architecture to wireless building solutions. We call this helping developers and architects future-proof. For instance, we should no longer lose a cell phone signal when we enter an elevator, and with Corning Optical Communications, we won’t.� Keith Glovins, commercial director, Corning Glass for Interior Architecture, has been collaborating with Elevecture for seven years. “Elevecture is breathing new life into building spaces, allowing seamless integration of sound, graphics, lighting and media displays,� said Glovins. “In combination with our glass, their panels are completely customizable and highly durable, enabling unique and long-lasting designs.�

Elevecture works with customers across the country to promote their elevator and building solutions and build brand awareness, as well as inform the industry that new, customizable glass solutions exist. As it continues to grow in North America, the company is eager to expand overseas, with Asia being a near-term goal. Architects and designers are always looking for new materials and technologies, and as Elevecture gains popularity, the architecture community has begun to discover that the company’s glass solutions enable them to achieve their creative vision without compromise and with greater design freedom, Lianne Friedman says, observing: “It is both hard and fun to be a disrupter in the architectural market. But, I am excited about what we are doing; we are changing the architectural world. With Gorilla Glass, our products offer a durability factor that has been previously unimaginable. Each market we enter is different, which pushes us to create custom solutions that fit the needs and designs of our customers. “Elevecture is at the cutting edge of architectural design, earning a reputation as a visionary by revolutionizing elevator and building interiors. Taking once-traditional architectural materials and elevating them to new heights, Elevecture’s products combine high design and durability to meet the modern demands of the architecture industry.â€?   đ&#x;Œ? June 2018 • ELEVATOR WORLD

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Continuing Education

Carriage Gates

History, codes and revised code-related design principles important for all North American tradespeople involved with private-residence elevators’ entrance safety devices

by Graham Kawulka This article is intended to help people in the trade understand the evolution of private-residence elevators’ entrance safety devices, known as carriage gates. Attention will be paid to the safety code, history of issues, available products and some design principles related to the revised safety code. There have been some serious tragedies due to issues in this area, and, consequently, all tradespeople, as well as companies working

Learning Objectives After reading this article, you should have learned about: ♦♦ The history and purpose of the carriage gate ♦♦ The available configurations of carriage gates ♦♦ Issues that surround carriage gates and landing doors ♦♦ How codes and code changes affect the design of new carriage gates ♦♦ How gate panel deflection is calculated

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in this space, should be aware of these issues and looking to adopt practices that will reduce risk and potential liability, while ensuring the safety of the users of these products.

Background Much of the design and development time for elevator products is focused on safety. This includes safety for the system itself, but, more importantly, for the users. Part of the concern with elevators is that they operate automatically. This means that once you press that button and a light is illuminated, the elevator will run through a set of instructions in the controls to move the carriage to a specific position. Because the machine is automatic, it will attempt to do this movement, regardless of anything in the way, unless safety devices and control structures are put in place to stop it from moving if a person is in a position that they could be injured or killed during this routine. In most industrial settings where there is automation of machinery, people are not allowed near such machinery without significant safety guards in place. For instance, an automated robotic welding arm or an automated assembly robot typically

Value: 1 contact hour (0.1 CEU) This article is approved for Continuing Education by NAEC for CET® and CAT® and NAESA International for QEI. EW Continuing Education is currently approved in the following states: AL, AR, FL, GA, IL, IN, KY, MD, MO, MS, MT, OK, PA, VA, VT, WV and WI. Please check for specific course verification of approval at www. elevatorbooks.com.


has an entire cage built around it to ensure that no human can get in the path of its movement (Figure 1). Obviously, putting a cage around the entire elevator and avoiding contact with people defeats the purpose of it. For elevators, the equivalent of a “cage” is the doors at each landing that separate people from the shaft (and potential falls), as well as the carriage where people enter and ride the elevator. The carriage is typically constructed from solid walls, but, to enter and exit the elevator, there needs to be an opening and, thus, a device of some kind to close off that opening so people do not enter and exit during elevator operation. This device is called a “carriage gate” (sometimes reduced to “car gate” or simply “gate”) in the elevator trade. Carriage gates are also intended to avoid any potential pinching of extremities during movement. Due to the need for clearance between the moving carriage and shaft walls, there is an inevitable Figure 1: Automated welding robot with safety cage; photo courtesy of pinch point created, and the only way to avoid pinching hazards is WireCrafters to have a complete physical barrier between the people inside the carriage and the area around it. While the ASME A17.1/ Private Residence Commercial/Public CSA B44 code governs a 50 Virtually unlimited Maximum Travel (ft.) variety of elevating products, 40 2,000 Maximum Travel Speed (fpm) there are significant differences between what is Maximum Carriage Floor Area 15 231 required for a residential/ (sq. ft.) private-residence elevator and Varies depending on 62.5 lb./sq. ft. a commercial/public elevator floor area but up to (typically less than Weight Capacity product. One might ask, 30,000 lb. 1400 lb. in practice) “Why is there any difference?” Table 1 Simple differences include limits of residential elevators in floor area, weight capacity, Sliding Door/Gate travel speed and travel distance. The sliding door/gate arrangement is exactly what it sounds like These are some practical differences, simply because a private and is what most people think of when they think about elevators. residence does not typically need the carrying capacity one would There are private-residence versions of sliding door and gate sets see in a commercial/public setting. Also, few private residences on the market. Most of these offerings include automatic operators would need more than 50 ft. of travel. This does not preclude like in commercial elevators, but they may be reduced in size, and, someone from putting a fully compliant commercial elevator in a in most cases, the doors are not fire rated. The sliding door/gate private residence, but that would be an uncommon installation, product is typically the most expensive option for a privateindeed. residence elevator, and, in many cases, the doors and carriage gate, Due to private-residence elevators’ greater limitations, the along with their operator, could cost more than the rest of the safety code for elevators in North America has different (though elevator combined. As such, the sliding door/gate arrangement is similar) options and requirements for them. A17.1/B44 Section 5.3 not as common in private-residence elevators as some of the applies to private-residence elevators. While other parts of the cheaper options noted below. Figure 2 is an image of a sliding door code are referenced, this section is the portion that guides the arrangement. specific needs for private residences, and there are sections that There is a variety of suppliers for sliding door sets, but one of apply to carriage gates. the more cost-effective options for private residences is a product There are several carriage-gate configuration options available from Victory, an Italian company, that is distributed by OLS Lift on the market, and, although there may be some special offerings System. out there, the following list is intended to comprise a substantial Scissor Gate majority of what has been and is used. These options are required to have a safety switch that tells the elevator control system Scissor gates are a very economical option and one of the oldest whether the gate is in the open or closed position. If it is in the used for this purpose. They leave fairly large openings that allow open position, the elevator control logic should prevent movement for extremities to extend outside the confines of the carriage and of the elevator carriage. into the gaps. While the North American code permits “openwork Continued

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Figure 2: Victory residential elevator sliding door and gate; photo courtesy of OLS Lift System.

Figure 3: Scissor gate; photo courtesy of Bella Elevator, LLC

construction” able to “reject a 3-in. diameter ball,” they do not really guard against pinching hazards, and they have been banned in numerous jurisdictions. In addition, scissor gates often do not reach the full height of the car, and their fencelike design can allow for children to climb over them while the car is in motion, while still meeting code requirements. There are many global suppliers of this type of gate, but one North American supplier is Enterprise Elevator Products.

Accordion Gate The accordion gate is likely the most common arrangement seen in private-residence elevators. The gate acts just like an accordion, with multiple panels that create alternating “V” shapes that collapse as the gate is opened. This leads to a fairly compact

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Figure 4: Accordion carriage gate; photo courtesy of Atlantic Elevator

Figure 5: Top plan view of a Tambour gate; drawing courtesy of ACME Home Elevator

arrangement, and you may be familiar with these types of devices being used in architectural applications such as shopping malls to close off storefronts during nonoperational hours. The accordion gate is one of the most economical options available, and an example of it is shown in Figure 4. Accordion gates are often purely manually operated, but they can also be equipped with a power operator to allow for automatic operation. Two manufacturers of this type of gate are EMI Porta and Woodfold.

Tambour Gate A Tambour gate is like an accordion gate. The difference is that the Tambour style wraps around in a pocket, rather than collapsing into a smaller space. This requires a curved track and space behind


the cab wall within which the gate can slide. This gate takes up less space in front but more on the side than the accordion gate. An illustration is shown in Figures 5 and 6. As you can see from the figures, the gate slides around a curved track on the elevator cab. This results in a deeper but narrower cab. This can be an advantage in some ways, but there are limitations as to how many gates can be installed in front, side and rear applications. There are also limitations on automatic operation. The Tambour type gate is flat when closed (fully covering the elevator carriage entrance) and is typically flush with the landing door due to the way it operates. This can be a substantial safety improvement compared to accordion gates. Tambour gates are typically less expensive than full sliding door/gate sets but still more expensive than the other options.

Figure 6: Isometric view of a Tambour gate on a carriage; photo courtesy of ACME Home Elevator

Compact Flat Panel Gate A new offering to the market is a derivative of the sliding gate noted above but with more panels. This arrangement takes the advantages of the accordion style in terms of compact size when fully opened but has the feel of a sliding-door set. The advantage over a sliding-door set is that the cost for this type of arrangement is similar to that of an accordion gate, and it can be operated either manually to keep costs economical or be equipped with an optional power operator in the same fashion as an accordion gate. As will be discussed later in this article, there have been some recent code changes that have made accordion gate designs problematic, and this compact flat-panel gate has been developed specifically to meet the latest safety code changes. It is only available from one supplier, Good Gate Inc. (Figure 7).

Figure 7: Compact sliding panel gate; photo courtesy of Good Gate Inc.

Light Curtain Only While there are some opinions in the industry that sufficient safety can be achieved without a physical barrier in place (for instance, the use of a photoelectrical light-curtain sensor), A17.1/ B44 Section 5.3 did not allow for this arrangement at the time of this writing. The light-curtain-only arrangement is also typically less expensive than any of the above options. There are some instances where people want to consider not using a carriage gate for cases where there is a mobility/accessibility challenge, rather than for purely cost reasons. This often leads to a case where a choice needs to be made between an accessibility lift and a private-residence elevator. The codes for accessibility lifts are ASME A18.1 and CSA B355, but a full exploration of those devices and their nuanced differences from elevators is beyond the scope of this article. Figure 8 shows a light curtain on an elevator without a carriage gate. In other instances, the homeowner does not want to open and close a manual carriage gate every time they enter and exit the elevator carriage. There are solutions for putting power operators on carriage gates, but they can result in a substantial expense increase, and economic pressure may push some to bend under customer pressure. Suffice it to say, there is no safety code acceptance for photoelectrical light-curtain-only instances, and using such an arrangement will open the manufacturer, distributor, installer and any business undertaking maintenance to significant liability.

There are pros and cons for each of these options, and, while this article wants to make you aware of them, it will not go through a complete pro-and-con assessment between each pair, but simply state that there are options available and move on to the issues that may inform your choices, as well as the safety-code changes that have recently come into play.

History of Issues Even with a focus on safety (and ruling out the observed non-code-compliant options), there have been some significant issues related to the area around a carriage gate and landing doors. Likely, the highest-profile issue relates to a trapping hazard, with the space between the back of a landing door and front face of a carriage still sufficient to allow a small child to stand in the gap. When the elevator was called, it caused significant injury to the child. An image of the scenario that was part of a significant lawsuit is shown in Figure 9, and a video reenactment is at youtu.be/ oGoPof0BytA. A full article on this tragic accident can be found at the Fair Warning site (www.fairwarning.org/2013/12/elevator). While this case would cause virtually anyone to feel for the child, his parents and anyone associated with the family, it is also a major source of liability for anyone involved in the manufacture, distribution, installation and maintenance of private-residence elevator products.

Continued

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Figure 9: Representation of child trapped between door and accordion carriage gate; graphic courtesy of Fair Warning Figure 8: Light-curtain representation

Figure 10: Door baffle; photo courtesy of www. DoorBaffles.com

This incident, as well as others, and the resulting lawsuit has caused some much-needed change in the industry. There was a substantial lag in the creation of new code. While the safety code was evolving, some businesses and trade professionals were adopting new practices above and beyond the code requirements. The first example of this is that some manufacturers started adding light curtains, in addition to a carriage gate, as a standard practice. This was not a code requirement but did start to address the concerns and risks associated with the incident. The second example is that some installation companies and maintenance companies started to develop a “baffle” arrangement that could be applied to the back of landing doors to reduce the space available (Figure 10).

Safety Code Evolution Safety codes, like any other governance and regulation, evolve over time, and the elevator code is no exception. An abbreviated history of the U.S. code follows. 1955: The first safety code for private residence elevators was created by the American Society of Mechanical Engineers

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(ASME). It was, among other things, responding to what was, by then, the well-known problem of excess clearance that could allow small children to be present between the door and elevator carriage during operation. The code called for clearance between the hoistway doors and hoistway edge of the landing sill to not exceed 2 in., and the distance between the hoistway face of the landing door or gate and the carriage gate to not exceed 4 in. 1981: The standard was revised to allow for 5 in. of clearance and 3 in. from the back of the door to the inside of the shaft. The gap got wider as manufacturers transitioned from flat scissor gates to accordion gates. The clearance between the back of the hoistway door and the peak of the accordion could be 5 in., but the space could be as much as 7-1/2 in. or more in the valleys of the accordion, depending on how “tight” the panels were stretched in the closed position. 2016: The 3-in. X 5-in. rule was in place for A17.1/B44 until changes published on November 20, 2016, went into effect on May 20, 2017. Though several changes have been made, one impacts the industry significantly when it comes to private-residence elevators. That is the change related to private-residence elevator gates and landing entrance doors. This code change requires gates to deflect no more than 3/4 in. with 75 lb. applied. The previous 3-in. X 5-in. rule for distance from the hoistway door to the sill and car gate, respectively, has been reduced to 3/4 in. X 4 in. These changes are contained in A17.1 Sections 5.3.1.7.2, 5.3.1.8.2 and 5.3.1.8.3. This means hoistway doors must be installed in such a way to ensure the back side of the door is a maximum of 3/4 in. away from the interior shaft wall and a maximum of 4 in. from the furthest point away on the carriage gate. Figures 11 and 12 highlight where the measurements are taken from for clarity. This 3/4-in. measurement from the back face of the landing door can be difficult to achieve with a commercial swing door that is available at a home-improvement store or typical carpentry supply outlets. In many cases, a certified elevator swing door is more practical and less prone to errors. An example of this kind of door, complete with a frame, is shown in Figure 13.


It should be noted that code adoption is not automatic. Any jurisdiction (whether city, county, province or state) may adopt any version of A17.1. Many jurisdictions are decades behind: for example, some use the 2004 or older versions, even though there have been many subsequent versions. Whether a jurisdiction has adopted the code, it should be noted that complying with code is not always sufficient to protect a business from litigation, and, in cases where a child is injured, the odds are not in your favor for justifying your actions based on an old revision of the safety code.

Designing for the New Code The first change, regarding deflection at a specified load, is significant, as it is specifically trying to ensure that a certain rigidity is in place so that a “pocket” of deflected material in a gate does not allow for a person to sandwich themselves between the back of the door and carriage gate. For a gate with too much “flexibility” (or, in engineering parlance, lower rigidity), it may meet the strict distance requirements but still create a dangerous situation that does not prohibit the presence of a trapped individual between the door and gate. An extreme theoretical example of meeting the gap but not deflection requirements would be to use a mesh screen like what you might see on a patio door. While this type of arrangement might meet the gap requirements, it is obvious the screen is not rigid enough to really avoid the safety hazard. By codifying this, the new code has made it clear what the requirements are and hopes to avoid gate configurations that are too flexible. This deflection requirement, along with tightening the allowed space, is a significant measure to avoid dangerous situations in the entrance areas of private-residence elevators. There are several factors that heavily influence the deflection of a gate, including physical geometry, modulus of elasticity of the main structural elements, overall moment of inertia (a result of the physical geometry), span between points of support, and load being exerted and the point at which that load is applied. In many cases, a gate is made up of several pieces or panels. This can make the analysis exercise for a hand calculation challenging. Knowing how different materials and physical forms can impact deflection can be critical when considering requests for changes in materials, accommodating a finish request or extending a product to meet a client request (for example, an extended-height carriage). Indeed, there are many examples in product manufacturing, where small changes or extension, over time, push a design into a realm where it is no longer functioning as intended and for which it was not tested. This is often called “product drift” and can happen to even the most diligent of organizations.

Panel Deflection Calculation Example Let’s start with a single panel that is a solid rectangle in crosssection with dimensions of 8-in.-wide X 1-1/4-in.-thick X 79-in. tall. The most common carriage height for private residences is 80 in., so using 79 in. will cover the opening and allow for some clearance. Let’s also assume the load we are trying to resist is the 75-lb load specified by the safety code. To calculate deflection, we start by calculating the moment of inertia for the cross-section in the direction of the load applied. We will assume the load is being applied across the 1-in.-thick

Figure 11: Top sectional view of elevator and carriage

Figure 12: Detailed view of door and gate for 3/4-in. X 4-in. measurements

direction, as this is typical. The moment of inertia is calculated for a solid rectangle using the following formula: I = 1/12 X Base X Thickness X Thickness X Thickness In this case, base = 8 in.; thickness = 1-1/4 in.; and, for this panel geometry, the moment of inertia (I) is 1.3 in.4. Next, we need to calculate the deflection using the following formula. Note that this formula is a reduced version of a more generic formula for general beam bending and deflection. It is used here for example purposes only to illustrate the impacts of changes. Deflection using this formula is for load applied at the midpoint of the panel span (79 in.) only. Deflection = (F X H X H X H)/(48 X E X I) where F = load (75 lb); H = height of the panel between support points (79 in., in this case); E = modulus of elasticity (material dependent); and I = moment of inertia (as calculated above). Assuming the panel is solid steel for this example, the modulus of elasticity is 29,000 ksi. As a result, we get a maximum deflection at the midpoint of the panel equal to 0.02 in. This is well below the 0.75 in. required by safety code, but it is unlikely that a set of solid 1.25-in.-thick steel plates would be used as an elevator carriage gate. Table 2 illustrates a few key points relating to different key mechanical configuration parameters. The first parameter is that the material choice can have significant impacts due to changes in the modulus of elasticity. For instance, the modulus of elasticity for steel is 29,000 ksi, but the modulus of elasticity for aluminum is 11,000 ksi. For the commonly used medium-density-fiber (MDF) Continued

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board or an acrylic sheet, the modulus of elasticity is approximately 580 ksi. The second parameter of note is potential changes in the shape of the panel. Any change to the thickness in the direction of load will be nonlinear. This is shown in the formula where the thickness is multiplied three times (cubed). So, as shown in Table 2, if we keep all other parameters the same but make the panel half as thick, we will see a change in the moment of inertia and resultant deflection by a factor of eight. The last parameter is to note the nonlinear nature of changes in height as they relate to deflection. This, again, is a cubic function of the height of the panel, as seen in the deflection equation. So, as seen in the table, if you increase the height of the elevator carriage a small amount, this can have significant impacts on the amount of deflection you will observe. We have not covered the stress and failure of the materials in this article. Those, too, are considerations in the design of any product but are outside this article’s

scope. For any product design, enlist the services of a qualified engineer and use testing to confirm calculations.

Conclusions While there have been serious safety issues and concerns for this aspect of the private-residence elevator trade, the safety code we follow has recently taken significant steps forward. These changes should be welcomed, and, indeed, products that ensure the safety of the owners and users of these devices exist. However, we in the profession and supplier base need to stay vigilant, and, even if the safety code is not keeping up, we should consider the impacts to people and our own integrity as professionals when evaluating which practices to engage. In closing, from a moral perspective, if an elevator is going to be installed, don’t we all, as an industry and as humans, want it to be a safe one?

References [1] Safety Research and Strategies Inc. (www.safetyresearch.net/blog/articles/ elevator-design-hazard-’s-been-killing-children-decades). [2] U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission (www.cpsc.gov/s3fs-public/ pdfs/Petition-CP-15-1-Residential-Elevators.pdf ). [3] Fair Warning (www.fairwarning.com). [4] ACME Home Elevator (www.acmehe.com). [5] T.L. Shield and Associates (www.tlshield.com). [6] ASME A17.1/CSA B44–2016 Safety Code for Elevators and Escalators. [7] Good Gate Inc. (www.goodgate.ca).

Graham Kawulka is a professional engineer and partner and CEO of Good Gate Inc. He has applied his technical background in manufactured equipment with experience in R&D, product development, sales, marketing and leadership roles across Canada, the U.S., Europe and Asia in a variety of industries. Graham graduated from the University of Alberta in Canada.

Figure 13: Elevator swing door with interlock; photo courtesy of Niagara Belco Ltd.

Case #

1

2

3

4

5

6

Panel Width (in.)

8

8

8

8

8

8

Panel Thickness (in.) Panel Height (in.) Moment of Inertia (in.4)

1.25

0.625

0.625

0.625

1.25

0.625

79

79

79

79

94

94

1.302

0.163

0.163

0.163

1.302

0.163

Material

Steel

Steel

Aluminum

MDF

Steel

Aluminum

Modulus of Elasticity (ksi)

29,000

29,000

11,000

580

29,000

11,000

Load (lb.)

75

75

75

75

75

75

0.020

0.163

0.430

8.161

0.034

0.725

0

8

21

400

2

36

Yes

Yes

Yes

No

Yes

Yes

Deflection at Midpoint (in.) Multiple Increase in Deflection From Case 1 Code-Compliant Deflection? 118

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Table 2


Learning-Reinforcement Questions Use the below learning-reinforcement questions to study for the Continuing Education Assessment Exam available online at www.elevatorbooks.com or on p. 135 of this issue. ♌♌ What are the main updates to the safety code related to elevator carriage gates for private residences? ♌♌ What are the main historical points on when the code related to carriage gates in private residences was established and changed? ♌♌ What are the risks associated with excess gaps/ clearance between a swing door and a carriage gate? ♌♌ Why is the deflection of a gate an important addition to the safety code for carriage gates? ♌♌ What are some of the main options that exist in the marketplace, and how do they meet the revised code?

1

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Check out the top ten bestsellers from Elevator World’s Online bookstore. These items and many more available at:

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What is eMCP and how does it work? Using a web-based maintenance management system, data such as age, use and environment is gathered from your specific unit and analyzed to automatically generate an annual MCP. This MCP then gives you the information you need to know, such as what maintenance procedures are needed for that unit’s specific components and the estimated time required to do them. All available on a web portal, with no software to buy.

BENEFITS AND FEATURES: • Know the true costs of maintenance • Available for all conveyance types • Allows for special maintenance tasks or security requirements to be added • Allows space for special notes, tasks and procedures Download the eMCP • Ability to upload photographs of the equipment as needed app in the Apple Store! • Provides record keeping for Cat 1, 3 and 5 testing • Includes emergency evacuation and hoist-way glass For pricing & additional details contact Brad or cleaning procedures, and records to document oil log, Caleb at 251.479.4514 or visit: monthly FEO checking and callbacks

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Product Spotlight

Traffic Analysis for High Rise Buildings to Be Modernized New KONE product improves analysis for projects during and after modernization. by Darren Batey and Mikko Kontturi This paper was presented at Madrid 2016, the International Congress on Vertical Transportation Technologies, and first published in IAEE book Elevator Technology 21, edited by A. Lustig. It is a reprint with permission from the International Association of Elevator Engineers (website: www.elevcon.com). In modernization, the measurement of existing traffic in a building is a difficult, time-consuming and costly affair, since old control systems often do not provide performance statistics. General traffic profiles with estimated population assumptions are, therefore, frequently used in traffic analysis. However, they do not provide sufficient accuracy. Using 3D camera technology, KONE has developed the Elevator Performance Analyzer (EPA) to accurately measure the people flow and elevatorsystem performance in an existing building. The results can then be used to estimate the performance improvements with a new product. KONE EPA will improve analysis not only for completed modernization projects, but also of the effects during the modernization. This approach offers a unique and more accurate method than any current practice available in the market.

Introduction The number of existing buildings requiring modernization is continuing to grow. Forecasts suggest that the global elevator stock will increase from 14,260,000 units in 2014 to 22,710,000 units in 2024, and, during this same period, the modernization and repair market will grow from US$34 billion to US$49 billion.[3] New high-rise buildings are often being constructed around existing buildings. Therefore, it becomes challenging for building owners to keep the

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property competitive to maintain existing tenants and/or attract new tenants. The typical reason for buildings requiring modernization is due to poor aspects of people flow caused by: ♦♦ Growth of building population compared to that originally planned, thus requiring more efficient use of the building ♦♦ Change of use of the building ♦♦ Overall reliability of elevators Other reasons may include: ♦♦ Running costs (high energy consumption, need for frequent small upgrades and maintenance, etc.) ♦♦ Building image: new building(s) being built with the latest technological innovations ♦♦ Return on investment: normally, it is cheaper to modernize an existing building than demolish it and rebuild a new one. Destination control systems (DCSes) have become the new norm for modernizing existing buildings. Some analysts and researchers are forecasting that up to 48% of all DCS/“smart elevator” deliveries in 2020 will be for the modernization of existing elevators.[2] The challenge in making accurate traffic analysis is to acquire the correct input data to make the simulations that match what is happening in the building, then propose a people-flow solution that will minimize or eliminate any existing problems. One of the key input data items for the simulation is the population in the building and the movement of people throughout the building. The people-flow profile used in the analysis is also very important. Different building types have different profiles: e.g., residential buildings have a completely different profile than a single-tenant office building. Companies like KONE, which have extensive experience with elevator monitoring


systems, have very good understanding of the typical people-flow profiles for different segments and can use that knowledge when making analyses. The traffic analysis obtained using estimated populations and typical segment profile data may cause confusion between traffic experts and building owners or facility managers, as the analysis often does not match what is happening in the building. The analysis can be done in two ways. For cases where the building is fully refurbished, the performance approach from the new building segment can be used. For cases where the building is kept fully occupied with existing tenants throughout and after the modernization period, more accurate information is needed to confirm the impact of the modernization. With an accurate people-flow detection tool, it is possible to provide information about the current situation in an existing building and create a more comprehensive understanding for the whole modernization approach, from beginning to end. Understanding the building population, as well the population flow at peak periods accurately while working under the conditions of an occupied building, is important. It creates opportunities in advance to provide counter measurements for elevators to maintain an acceptable service level. Advanced planning can be used to define: ♦♦ How many elevators can be modernized simultaneously ♦♦ How to adjust the working hours for different tenants/ departments to ease morning and lunch peaks Accurate planning and communication toward building users can reduce unnecessary complaints from tenants.

Parameters Needed for Modeling

for existing buildings can lead to inaccurate traffic analysis results when compared to the actual performance during or after modernization when the modernization is evaluated. Manual counting can be conducted in multiple ways: ♦♦ Only at the main lobby ♦♦ In the elevator car ♦♦ Using closed-circuit television and elevator monitoring systems Manual counting can provide more accurate information on people movements in the building, but taking measurements is time consuming and expensive, and, naturally, there is the possibility of human error. Not only is it costly, but combining available data into profiles that are usable in traffic analysis takes time and is usually missing the interfloor traffic angle, which is also applicable to the data provided through turnstile accesses. Existing elevator monitoring systems or external data loggers can often provide statistics from previous usage of elevators. However, with conventional controls, which form the majority of today’s modernization projects, it is challenging to get any data other than the number of calls per floor. Without accurate statistics on population, this data cannot be used as a standalone source of information to provide accurate traffic profiles for analysis. In real-world situations, there are multiple variables that affect human behavior and are not necessarily easily identified: for example, cases where the lobby layout has affected the usage of elevators and, thus, the results of traffic analysis. Depending on the case, using only theoretical values can be misleading if elevator usage cannot be fully understood. Without KONE EPA, heavy investments would be necessary to obtain reliable profiles for Continued

The traffic analysis or simulation is often the basis for the investment decisions for the modernization, as well as how to plan and carry out the modernization project. It gives answers to questions such as: ♦♦ At the end of the modernization, can I get rid of the morning crowd in the lobby? ♦♦ How can I reduce the time people need to wait for an elevator? ♦♦ What will happen to the people flow if one or two elevators are out of service due to the modernization work? The “before modernization/during modernization/after modernization” analysis is very important and should be based on the real understanding of the building and its people flow. Therefore, when modeling an existing building, the most challenging aspects are defining the existing population and elevator usage, or the buildings’ traffic patterns. The different ways to estimate potential users in the building currently are: ♦♦ Facility manager/building owner input ♦♦ Population estimates based on floor area, as in new construction buildings ♦♦ Manual counting ♦♦ Access-control data from turnstiles ♦♦ Existing elevator monitoring systems ♦♦ Connecting external logging devices to the control system Not all facility managers and building owners are necessarily aware of headcounts of tenants, as floors are rented based on area. While an area-based approach is valid for new construction (e.g., 12 m2 per person), using the same assumptions and traffic profiles June 2018 • ELEVATOR WORLD

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analyzing traffic in existing buildings with sufficient accuracy to provide the magnitude of improvement in terms of elevator performance. In the future, with DCSes, where each passenger is assumed to give a call from landing to landing, more accurate information can be obtained through elevator monitoring systems, compared to today’s solutions. Even then, people-flow measurements are not without value, as the KONE EPA can be used to count the number of “ghost” passengers who did not give a call by themselves. In addition to building population and traffic patterns, the performance of the existing elevators forms the basis of analysis for modernization, and the following parameters should be known: ♦♦ Door times ♦♦ Flight times ♦♦ Speed and acceleration

EPA KONE, along with its technology partners, understands it is extremely difficult to obtain accurate information about actual elevator use of existing buildings from the building owner, facility managers or tenants. Therefore, different measurement methods have been investigated, and the KONE EPA was developed. The key criteria considered while developing the device were: ♦♦ To be independent of the elevator control system ♦♦ The device learns the building floors automatically. ♦♦ To be independent of the lift power supply ♦♦ Quick and easy to install ♦♦ Accuracy greater than 95% ♦♦ The privacy of elevator users must be respected. The required specification and understanding for the input data necessary for making accurate traffic analysis of the people flow in a building determines the equipment needed.

Figure 2: Analysis software showing people counter and event log being created

An example of the type of question asked was, “Do we need to track a person through the building, or is it enough just knowing that a person has entered an elevator at a certain floor, and a passenger has left the elevator at another floor for accurate traffic analysis?” The KONE system is patented and To consists of both Traffic EPA Analysis for High Rise Buildings Be Modernized hardware and software. The hardware is installed in the elevator cabin independent of any lift systems. It uses various sensors to count the number of users entering and leaving an elevator and the floors at which they enter and leave. The hardware is divided into two parts: ♦♦ A 3D sensor mounted to the elevator cabin side wall ♦♦ A data-recording box (which consists of a minicomputer, accelerometer, magnetometer and battery) mounted to the front wall of the elevator cabin There are 3 subsystems in the device: ♦♦ Floor detection unit (FDU) Figure 2. Analysis software showing people counter and event log being ♦♦ Door detection unit (DDU)created The KONE EPA Analysis software generates also many other reports than just the ♦people ♦ People counter entering and leaving a floor. Other available reports include: times. Creates people flow profile.  Door Each ofopening these subsystems saves raw data to the minicomputer  Floor to Floor times.  Door closing times. for later analysis. The FDU uses the magnetometer  Door open duration.  Floor heights. to map the  Accrued building  Acceleration & Deceleration served floors population and theirinrespective heights in a building. Every floor shown in 5 & 15 minute rates. has a different increments.magnetic fingerprint. The DDU uses 3D images to  Round and trip times. determine the door status, and door opening closing times per  Number of Starts:  Elevator speed. floor. o Total per elevator o By floor

People Flow Profile 90 80 70 60 50 40 30 20 10 0

Interfloor Leaving 10:40 ‐ 10:45 10:50 ‐ 10:55 11:00 ‐ 11:05 11:10 ‐ 11:15 11:20 ‐ 11:25 11:30 ‐ 11:35 11:40 ‐ 11:45 11:50 ‐ 11:55 12:00 ‐ 12:05 12:10 ‐ 12:15 12:20 ‐ 12:25 12:30 ‐ 12:35 12:40 ‐ 12:45 12:50 ‐ 12:55 13:00 ‐ 13:05 13:10 ‐ 13:15 13:20 ‐ 13:25 13:30 ‐ 13:35 13:40 ‐ 13:45 13:50 ‐ 13:55 14:00 ‐ 14:05 14:10 ‐ 14:15 14:20 ‐ 14:25 14:30 ‐ 14:35 14:40 ‐ 14:45 14:50 ‐ 14:55

Entering

Figure 3: Daily profile from an office building in Espoo, Finland

Figure 3. Daily profile from Office Building in Espoo, Finland

Figure 1: The equipment and how it is set up in an elevator

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The people counter uses 3D images converted into a plan view of the elevator entrance and counts the people entering and leaving 31 the elevator. An essential element of the system is the standalone analysis software. The software combines the various raw data files and the counting of people movement from the 3D sensor files into one event log. The analysis software converts the 3D sensor video into a two-dimensional plan view, in which users are not recognizable. The analysis software can detect direction using two virtual lines


Batey, D. & Kontturi, M., Finland

People Flow by Floor 15 13 11 9

Leaving:

7

Entering:

5 3 1 0

100

200

300

400

Figure 4: People flow per floor from an office building in Espoo, Finland

Figure 4. People flow per Floor from Office Building in Espoo, Finland

created at the door entrance. If an object moves through the red linebe and then through the green line,or thefor object is entering the reports can shown for either group individual elevators making it also elevator. An object identified aslifts exiting if it first moves through ible to understand how isindividual are being used, and how elevator the green and then the redusage. line. ngements are affecting elevator The KONE EPA Analysis software also generates many other Figure 5: KONE Traffic Forecaster and EPA traffic profile than just people entering leavingthe a floor. Other KONE EPAreports has been rigorously testedand during development period♦through: ♦ Time: with manual counting, all the hand-recorded data needs available reports Comparing results withinclude: traditional manual counting; to be consolidated into one data set to allow analysis. ♦ Door opening times Verifying♦that the people counter is counting correctly. ♦♦ Cost: only one person is needed to set up equipment. ♦♦ Door closing times ♦♦ Automatically generated reports Doormajor open duration KONE EPA♦♦ has advantages over traditional manual counting: population in building 5- and 15-min. Device Accuracy Accuracy♦♦ofAccrued data; during busy periodsshown it caninbe difficult to count all passengers increments entering and leaving an elevator at a floor. During the design phase of the KONE EPA, the target was set to ♦♦ Number starts (in total perhand elevator and by floor) Time; with manualofcounting all the recorded data needs to be a minimum 95% accuracy. This precision can be achieved with the ♦♦ People consolidated intoflow oneprofiles data set to allow analysis. current specification. KONE EPA can recognize both crowded ♦ ♦ Floor-to-floor times situations and large groups accurately during normal usage. Cost; only one person needed to set up equipment. ♦♦ Floor heights The most challenging situation in detecting passengers with Automatically generated reports. ♦♦ Acceleration and deceleration rates advanced computer programs and logic is when passengers are ♦♦ Round-trip times staying in the car entrance for extended periods and hold the door ♦ ♦ Elevator speed open for the next passengers or some other reason. Such situations EVICE ACCURACY The reports can be shown either for group or individual affect the results when compared to manual counting but are not elevators, making it also possible to understand howwas individual ng the design phase of the KONE EPA, the target set tolifts a minimum frequent95% when considering typical office buildings, and, in extreme being used and elevator with arrangements are affecting racy. This are precision can behow achieved the current specification. KONE cases,EPA can beisdetected from long door times. elevator to recognize bothusage. crowded situations and large groups accurately during normal KONE EPA does miss passengers entering or Occasionally, The KONE EPA has been rigorously during the To Be Modernized e. leaving the car, but the test results suggest that the error level is less Traffic Analysis for High tested Rise Buildings development period through: than 5%. ♦♦ Comparing results with traditional manual countingwith advanced computer most challenging situation in detecting passengers Manual counting was done by monitoring sensor data for each ♦ ♦ Verifying that the people counter is counting correctly rams and logic is when passengers are staying in the car entrance for extended elevator in the group and a group of four elevators, which were when considering typical office building and in extreme cases, can be detected from The KONE EPA open has major over traditional manual periods and hold the door for advantages next passengers or some other reason. Such long door times. measured at the same time, and counting the number of persons tions affectcounting: the results when compared to manual counting but are not frequent using elevators. In the studied data, there was one occurrence Occasionally, EPA does passengers enteringtoor leaving the car, the test ♦♦ Accuracy ofKONE data: during busy miss periods, it can be difficult where a passenger held the door open by standing in the car results suggest that theentering error level less than 5%. at a floor. count all passengers andisleaving an elevator entrance blocking the doors, which explains an additional two Table 1 Persons using elevators – accuracy persons compared to manual counting. When considering the accuracy of the EPA Manual Counting Difference traffic profile in terms of traffic by the three Office Building (persons) (persons) (%) components (incoming/outgoing/interfloor), Morning 15 min period 70 68 2.9% comparisons have been carried out in an Table 1: Persons using elevators — accuracy

Manual counting was done by monitoring sensor data for each elevator in the group, and a group of four elevators which were measured at the same time, and counting the number of persons using elevators. In the studied data there was one occurrence where a passenger held the door open by standing in the car entrance blocking the doors, which explains additional 2 persons compared to manual counting.

Continued

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office Building in Espoo, Finland, equipped with a DCS, by comparing KONE EPA results to the KONE Traffic Forecaster data (Figure 5). The profiles from EPA and Traffic Forecaster are close to each other. As these devices did not measure traffic at the same time, some passengers are registered at different timeframes, which causes variance in the results when comparing EPA and Traffic Forecaster. Profiles from EPA can be used for simulation of existing buildings, and, when compared to the current methods, this detailed data is hard to achieve. Verification of the people moving into and out of the elevator was carried out by comparing the automatically counted values against the manually observed count. Over several hours, the “object at the door area” was manually observed and compared against the associated automatic counter values (Figure 2) to determine the accuracy of detecting objects. The automatic-to-visual comparison gave a good understanding of the accuracy of the system, achieving better than the set 95% requirement.

Modernization Analysis Sequencing Understanding how the existing population is moving around the building allows us to simulate how the existing elevators are performing and allows analysis of how the proposed changes will affect the operation of the elevators, including during the modernization period, when some lifts will not be available for use. Traffic analysis for modernization requires many simulations to be completed: ♦♦ As is: the situation now, with existing population and elevator parameters

♦♦ How the elevators will perform after modernization with the existing population ♦♦ How the elevators will perform during modernization with some lifts not available for use: this may require more than one analysis, depending on how the upgrades are being scheduled and if an overlay is used to combine both new and old elevators under one group controller or not. ♦♦ How the elevators will perform after modernization using established industry norms for number of users in the building, based on available floor space When all the different analyses have been completed, it is possible to suggest a modernization sequence for the building that will impact the end users the least. The sequence will be different for each building, depending on the people flow in the building and agreed contract period.

Summary The KONE Elevator Performance Analyzer is a major innovation for measuring the traffic patterns in an existing building. The device allows a cost-effective, easy-to-use and accurate alternative to the existing methods of measuring building population and vertical movement in a building. The information available from the KONE EPA reports allows accurate simulation of the existing situation. Being based on the real movement of people in a building, it permits study of the effects any proposed upgrades will have on the people flow in the building.

Acknowledgements Your authors thank Dr. Marja-Liisa Siikonen and Risto Kontturi for their guidance and support during the writing and research of this article.

References [1] (News Article) “Smart Elevator Market Will Reach $23.16 Billion, Global, by 2020.” IoT Business News, December 2, 2014 (iotbusinessnews. com/2014/12/02/31626-smart-elevator-market-willreach-23-16-billionusd-global-by-2020/smartelevators). [2] (Report) Industry Study #3324 World Elevators – October 2015 - Freedonia.

www.kone.com Darren Batey has been employed by KONE since 1998 in various technical and sales support roles. He has worked in the elevator industry since 1986 and received an associate diploma with honors in Mechanical Engineering from the Sydney Institute of Technology in 1997. Mikko Kontturi works as senior traffic calculation specialist in KONE Elevators’ Major Projects organization. He has been with KONE for more than a decade, and, during the last eight years, has been responsible for people-flow analysis and solutions for high-rise buildings around the globe. He studied Computer Science at Tampere University of Technology in Finland.

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Events

Iran Seminar a Showcase for Global VT Perspectives Numerous papers are presented at February event in Tehran. by Dr. Mohammad Masoud Majidifar Global perspectives on the verticaltransportation (VT) industry were presented for a gathering of academics and industrialists at the Eighth International Seminar on Elevators and Escalators in Tehran, Iran, on February 18. The seminar, held through the combined efforts of the University of Applied Science and Technology of Tehran and Iran’s elevator and escalator companies, took place at the Koosha Center of Applied Science and Technology. In attendance were Dr. Faramarz Akrami, manager of the University of Applied Science and Technology (Tehran Branch), Eng. Yadollah Sadeqi, manager of the Industry, Mines and Trade Organization in Tehran, and a group of experts, professors, industrialists and foreign guests.

The event opened at 8:30 a.m. with the reading of the Quran and playing of the Iranian national anthem, after which Eng. Boroujerdi, deputy secretary of the seminar, declared: “The Eighth International Seminar on Elevators and Escalators is held with the aim of knowledge development, industry standardization and premier technology and innovations transfer in the various fields of elevators and escalators through the presentation of articles and new conclusions by the foreign experts, professors, students and elevator and escalator experts for the related industries incubator [at Koosha] and with the cooperation of the University of Applied Science and Technology of Tehran and Iran’s syndicate of elevator and escalator industries.

An international group of VT industry experts gathered on February 18 at the Koosha Center of Applied Science and Technology in Tehran, Iran, for the Eighth International Symposium on Elevators and Escalators.

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Bülent Yılmaz, right, of EW Turkey and Middle East, introduces the audience to the Middle East and Turkey editions of the magazine.

Azaad Santoe of Liftinstituut gives a presentation on heavy-duty escalators.

A variety of VT component manufacturers had their products on display during an expo at the symposium.

The Koosha Center was the venue for the symposium.

“This seminar has provided an exceptional opportunity in the VT industry for academic staff, elevator and escalator experts, industrial companies’ managing directors, technical managers, technicians and civil engineers in order to be aware of the industry practices and the latest achievements.” He noted that among the submitted articles, 20 were accepted for professional panels, based on their abstracts. Akrami took the opportunity to mention weakness in the relationship of universities and industry, emphasizing that such relationships play an important role in countries’ development. Sadeqi continued on that topic, mentioning the relationship between industrial development and research. Hossein Babayan, manager of vocational training in Tehran, noted the role of expertise in solving the community’s problems. Then, Farid Kouros, manager of the syndicate of elevator and escalator companies, gave a talk on the VT industry and its relationship with universities and the Industry, Mines and Trade Organization.

Bülent Yılmaz, publisher and editor in chief of ELEVATOR WORLD Turkey and managing director of EW Middle East, spoke about the mission, content and history of these journals, familiarizing the audience with the resources these publications have to offer those working in the industry. Lectures began after the opening ceremony. Azaad Santoe from Liftinstituut of the Netherlands presented an article about heavyduty escalators and their importance in the transportation industry, given their prominence in such locations as airports and rail stations. He was followed by Zeynep Cavus of the Turkish company Metroplast. She gave an introduction on the company and spoke on the history and evolution of the VT industry in Turkey. Hossein Bakhtiarzadeh of thyssenkrupp Elevator Turkey gave a talk on overspeed governors, safety gear and the design of gearless motors in traction elevators. He said elevators must be safe, but, also, in light of climate change, efficient. He went on to explain the Continued

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Dignitaries and guests

A welcome banner greets participants and visitors.

technical calculations, modeling and experimental tests of gearless permanent-magnet synchronous motors. Ali Abdollahpour, vice president of the Tehran subway, gave a presentation on investigating escalator incidents in the transit system. This was followed by an unveiling ceremony, with Akrami and Kouros, of the “Best Innovation”: an Alton Elevator Co. car phone equipped with LCD touchscreen and voice box that meets the EN 81-28 standard. After that, Mr. Hariri gave a talk on unintended-car-movement prevention, which proved to be one of the most interesting lectures. During the seminar, Dr. Sajadi, the college dean, said, “We have 12 foreign guests, from Japan, Turkey and European countries. We are presenting the most significant articles in this area, and we also have innovative products to introduce.”

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Hiroshi Yoshimoto from Fujitec introduced some of his company’s products, including the FLEX-NX Series and EZSHUTTLE traffic- and destination-control systems. This was followed by Umberto Cottini of Start Elevator Co., who gave a presentation on hydraulic elevators and the latest achievements of his company. Mr. Karbalaei then presented an article on increasing the reliability and efficiency of elevator systems through the use of multiphase engines. Next, Hossein Tavakoli presented his article on internet-based elevator remote-control systems. Carlos Perez Rocholl from Wittur introduced his company and its products and gave a talk on gearless machines. Mr. Ebadi gave a lecture on investigating standard regulation uncertainties. Fabio Cesari from BLM Co. introduced his company and gave a talk on procrastination, followed by Mohammad Arjmand Bigdeli, who gave a talk on ethics in industry. After the presentations, letters of commendation were bestowed upon all foreign guests, participating elevator companies, industry experts, Koosha College professors and those who presented the best articles. The awards distribution was presented by Yaran Automatic. Organizers expressed appreciation for the cooperation of all industrialists and executive staff, especially that of Mr. Naseri and Mr. Balouch from Nikan Co., and Kouros from Sigma Co., for their collaboration in international relations. Hariri was thanked for his cooperation in college relations with industry experts. All participants were invited to take part in the Ninth International Seminar on Elevators and Escalators, which will be on February 21, 2019, at the Koosha Center of Applied Science and Technology in Tehran. Dr. Mohammad Masoud Majidifar is an instructor at the University of Science and Culture, the University of Applied Science and Technology and the University of Tehran Language Center.



Project Spotlight

Lyfthaus accessibility platform matches design of Sir Christopher Wren’s landmark Chapter House.

by Darren Papani The Chapter House of St. Paul’s Cathedral sits in the heart of historic London adjacent to the cathedral itself and was the final work of eminent architect Sir Christopher Wren. The structure was completed in 1712 and is a Grade II-listed historic building. With its three stories plus basement level, it serves as the administration center for all the works of the Diocese of London, as well as a meeting place for the cathedral’s custodians and clergy. As part of the Church of England’s ongoing commitment to the Access for All program, an

accessibility plan was formulated for the building. Under the guidance of Heritage England and the Church of England, historic property architectural specialists Purcell, along with heritage construction experts Bakers of Danbury, were called upon to assist with the project. After discussing their very special requirements for a platform lift that would complement this property of great historic importance, Lyfthaus Ltd. of Cambridge, U.K., was contracted, and a design remit stipulating several criteria was agreed upon:

The St. Paul’s Cathedral Chapter House, designed by eminent English architect Sir Christopher Wren, was completed in 1712. To meet modern standards, it needed an accessibility lift, but the lift had to meet stringent design criteria.

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Great care was taken to ensure the lift complemented Sir Christopher’s original design. One of the original spear-point finials was removed to make a cast, from which matching finials were forged — using traditional methods — to accent the lift’s balustrades.

♦♦ The lift must meet all the practical and legislative requirements of an accessibility platform lift, ♦♦ It must be exceptionally discreet, with very low visual impact and not draw attention away from the building’s façade. ♦♦ It must be secure within a public-access environment. ♦♦ It must follow the design language of the original Sir Christopher Wren architecture. The Lyfthaus creative team settled on a scissor mechanism lift that could be hidden out of sight below ground level, with the power pack and control panel installed in the basement below. Designers took special care to replicate the original street-side balustrades. One of the original spearhead finials was removed and a cast was made so the lift’s finials — which were forged locally using traditional methods — would perfectly match the ones Wren chose. A platform tray houses York stone slabs cut by the cathedral’s own stonemasons, so the platform lift’s flooring matches all adjacent finishes. Continued

The new lift, seen from a side view.

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This early project 3D rendering illustrates the bespoke nature of the lift. Careful planning, which included input from historic-property architectural and construction experts, resulted in the final design.

Given the historical importance of the St. Paul’s Chapter House, a carefully executed bespoke lift was the only acceptable solution to provide needed accessibility. The Lyfthaus design meets the challenge presented by the historic architecture and the works of one of the world’s most admired architects. Bespoke elements of the lift include:

Attributes of the Chapter House Lift ♦♦ 1,650-mm X 1,200-mm platform size ♦♦ 950-mm lift travel ♦♦ 500-kg operating capacity (2000-kg actual capacity) ♦♦ 260-mm pit depth with drainage ♦♦ Single-phase, 240-V remote power pack with programmable logic controller panel and onscreen diagnostics ♦♦ Box-section industrial scissor mechanism with twin cylinders and clapet valve ♦♦ Hose-burst valve ♦♦ Emergency lowering ♦♦ Three sets of press-to-run controls, including internal security control ♦♦ Platform-mounted touch edge ♦♦ Compliant with BS6440/2011 and the Machinery Directive ♦♦ Meets requirement of independent insurance inspection, Heritage England and local planner

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♦♦ ♦♦ ♦♦ ♦♦ ♦♦ ♦♦ ♦♦ ♦♦

Wrought ironwork replication Cast spearhead and fancy finials Platform tray Concealed interlock switchgear Internal security controller Anodized black hinges Touch edge switch gear to protect bullnose masonry Black C4 PPC finish The installation was completed over a two-day period. The assembled lift was positioned directly from a flatbed vehicle using an onboard crane. After completion of stonework by the St. Paul’s masons, the Lyfthaus team returned to the site for a second day to finish all ancillary works, including installation of hidden cabling, electrical connections, hydraulic connections, control-system setup, testing and commissioning. This lift is based on a proven Lyfthaus design but is styled to suit the specific requirements of the client and the specific architecture. Lyfthaus is a small, studio-based British platform lift designer and manufacturer that taps internal architectural and engineering knowledge to produce platform lifts that satisfy the core requirement of providing essential access for the disabled, while enhancing the built environment. Darren Papani has worked in the platform lift industry for more than 25 years, having started in industrial lift sales in 1991 with Edmolift U.K. He progressed to director of sales and marketing in 2000, managing director in 2008 and principal shareholder in 2016. Lyfthaus Ltd. is an associated company formed in 2014 to deal specifically with architectural applications in the accessibility lift sector, with special-property-related platform lift solutions.



T OF THE Y C E J

R EA

Submit your vertical, horizontal or inclined transportation system of an innovative design, special application or approach that has solved a major problem or overcome a unique challenge to the ELEVATOR WORLD 21st Annual Project of the Year Awards.

PRO

PROJECT OF THE YEAR – 2019

PROJECTS WILL BE JUDGED ON: • Innovation • Originality and creativity • Challenges overcome • Installation methods and techniques • Use of advanced technology and overall quality of presentation CATEGORIES: • Elevators – New Construction • Elevators – Modernization • Escalators – New Construction • Escalators – Modernization

• Inclined Elevators • Platform Lifts + Stairway Chairlifts • Private-Residence Elevators • Special-Purpose Lifts

• Moving Walks All entries will be judged and categorized as received by an impartial panel of experienced industry experts and professionals. Winning entries will be published in the January 2019 issue of ELEVATOR WORLD. Winners in each category will be acknowledged with an award of recognition.

Deadline for entries

SEPTEMBER 30, 2018

For contest rules & requirements, visit –

elevatorworld.com/poy


ELEVATOR WORLD Continuing Education Assessment Examination Questions Read the article “Carriage Gates” (p. 112) and study the learning-reinforcement questions at the end of the article. To receive one hour (0.1 CEU) of continuing-education credit, answer the ­assessment examination questions found below online at www.elevatorbooks. com or fill out the ELEVATOR WORLD Continuing Education Reporting Form found overleaf and submit by mail with payment. Approved for Continuing Education by NAEC for CET® and CAT® and NAESA International for QEI.

1. Which year was the first private residence elevator code created? a. 1930. b. 1931. c. 1955. d. 1981. 2. What was the original distance from the hoistway side of a landing door to the inner wall of the hoistway? a. 2 in. b. 3 in. c. 5 in. d. 2.5 in. 3. Is a light-curtain-only configuration considered code compliant under A17.1/B44-2016 for private-residence elevators? a. Yes. b. No. c. Sometimes. 4. Which section of A17.1/B44–2016 code governs private residence elevators? a. Section 6. b. Section 8. c. Section 5.3. d. Section 5.3 with reference to other sections.

5. What were the main changes to the safety code for carriage gates in A17.1/ B44–2016? (Circle all that apply.) a. Maximum deflection was limited to 3/4 in. under an applied load of 75 lb. b. Light curtains are not allowed. c. Flush doors are required. d. The 3-in. X 5-in. rules were changed to 3/4 in. X 4 in. 6. Are scissor gates still allowed under A17.1/B44–2016 for private-residence elevators? a. Yes. b. Yes, but there may be local codes that prohibit them. c. No. d. Sometimes. 7. Which physical material property affects the amount of deflection observed in a carriage gate assembly? a. The modulus of elasticity. b. Poisson’s ratio. c. Yield strength. d. Ultimate strength.

8.

If you double the thickness of a carriage-gate panel but change nothing else, by how much would the deflection typically be reduced? a. A factor of two. b. A factor of three. c. A factor of eight. d. A factor of 12.

9.

What is the physical geometry calculation called that has the most significant impact on deflection of a gate panel? a. Radius of gyration. b. Moment of inertia. c. Area. d. Volume.

10. When did A17.1/CSA B44–2016 come in to effect? a. January 1, 2016. b. November 20, 2016. c. January 1, 2017. d. May 20, 2017.

June 2018 • ELEVATOR WORLD

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ELEVATOR WORLD Continuing Education Reporting Form

Circle correct answer.

Article title: “Carriage Gates� (EW, June 2018, p. 112). Continuing-education credit: This article will earn you one contact hour (0.1 CEU) of elevator-industry continuing-education credit. Directions: Select one answer for each question in the exam. Completely circle the appropriate letter. A minimum score of 80% is required to earn credit. You can also take this test online at www. elevatorbooks.com.

Last name: ______________________________________________ First name: _________________________ Middle initial:________ CETÂŽ, CATÂŽ or QEI number:_____________________________ State License number: ___________________________________ Company name: ______________________________________ Address:________________________ City:_________________ State: __________________________ZIP code: _______________ Telephone:______________________ Fax: __________________ E-mail: ________________________________________________ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

1. a b c d 6. a b c d 2. a b c d 7. a b c d 3. a b c 8. a b c d 4. a b c d 9. a b c d 5. a b c d 10. a b c d Signature: ___________________________________________ Payment options: Check one: � $35.00 – Non-subscriber course fee � $29.75 – ELEVATOR WORLD subscriber course fee Subscriber #: ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ (Six-digit number on your print label or in your digital confirmation) � Payment enclosed (check payable to Elevator World, Inc.) Charge to my: � VISA � MasterCard � American Express Card number: __________________________________________ Expiration date: _________________ Signature: ___________________________________________

This article is rated for one contact hour of continuing-education credit. Certification regulations require that we verify a­ ctual study time with all program participants. Please answer the below question. How many hours did you spend reading the article and studying the learning-reinforcement questions? hours ________________ minutes _______________

Your Subscription to

ELEVĂĽTOR WĂ…RLD

has just become more valuable.

To receive your certificate of completion using the mail-in option, send the completed form with questions answered and payment information included to: Elevator World, Inc., P.O. Box 6507, Mobile, AL 36660. To receive your certificate of completion online, visit www.elevator books.com and follow the instructions provided for online testing.

You now have the opportunity to earn Continuing Education contact hours in ELEVATOR WORLD magazine. Articles pertain to various industry topics that appear in the magazine bi-monthly, and for every exam you successfully complete, you’ll earn 1–3 contact hours. As a subscriber, you not only have full access to these Continuing Education articles, but you also receive 15% off of the retail price.

Your subscription & all Online Continuing Education Courses can be purchased at

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Product Spotlight

New Releases and Updates Drives and useful tools hit the market.

High-Performance Door Drives

Langer & Laumann’s door drives developed the “smart” L&L QKS 6 door drive. The company said it used its 20 years of experience and cooperation with installers to make the drive conversion packages fit lift doors with an especially low threshold distance, such as those found in hospitals, hotels, shopping centers and other buildings with high volumes of visitors. There is a special coupler for the durable pre-fitted, machine-made, 3-mm-thick steel door machine, the use of which can speed installation. Also,

(l-r) Before and after an L&L QKS6 installation

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original door leaves can be reused to save elaborate adjustment work on the car cladding or landing doors. The company’s TSG drive, which it calls “maintenance free,” is designed to ensure the doors are opened safely, quickly and quietly. The programmable TSG electronics permit a multitude of userdefined adjustment options and simplify installation directly on the device for the first startup. www.lul-ing.de


Laser Distance Meters

Extech Instruments has launched the DT-M series of professional-grade laser distance meters. The three new meters are designed to make it easy to measure distances, compute area and volume, measure angles, and stake out distances between objects. Measurements can be taken with one-button, point-and-shoot convenience. Each model has different distance capabilities: 131 ft. (40 m) for the DT40M, 196 ft. (60 m) for the DT60M and 330 ft. (100 m) for the DT100M. Features include accuracy to 2 mm, a bright laser and a large, backlit four-line display. Measurements can be taken from the front or rear edge by the pocket-sized meters with one hand. A built-in bubble level enables accuracy of horizontal measurements. Other useful functions include “Min/Max” readings; indirect height measurements using Pythagorean calculations (standard height, height in two segments and partial height) from two or three other measurements; memory of 20 successive readings; easy addition and subtraction of multiple readings; automatic power off to conserve battery life; and a one-year warranty. www.extech.com

The DT-M laser distance meters are compact in a rugged double-molded design and come with a wrist strap.

Wearable Flashlights With Multiangle Mounting ❮

Nightstick has released new flashlights it calls “intrinsically safe.” The XPP-5418GX and XPP-5418RX (red or green, respectively) take three AA batteries to power a 200-lm sharp LED beam for 10 hr. An optional multiangle-mount kit can connect it to a helmet accessory slot or directly onto the brims of most hardhats for hands-free use. The CREE LED boasts more than 50,000 hr. of operation. The products’ certification includes the National Fire Protection Association, cETLus, ATEX and IECEx for global use in Class I, Division 1 hazardous locations. Their polymer housing is IP-67 rated dustproof, waterproof, and impact and chemical resistant. The company has also introduced the DICATA™ XPP-5462 Series Headlamp. It was designed for hard hats and fire helmets without interfering with face shields. The CREE LED spotlight and LED floodlight utilize a series of total internal reflection lenses designed to optimize output. Two enlarged front-mounted buttons toggle through the high-/low-beam options and enable both the spot and floodlight on, even when wearing gloves. With a beam distance of 120 m, the spotlight emits 275 lm, while the floodlight emits 205 lm. In simultaneous mode, the headlamp produces 310 lm. There is also an independently controlled amber rear-facing light to make it easy to identify other team members in dark, hazardous places. Its certifications include cULus, ATEX and IECEx, along with meeting the requirements of NFPA 1907-8.6 (2013) for Class I, Division 1 hazardous locations. www.nightstick.com Continued

The XPP-5418 series comes in red or green.

The XPP-5462 DICATA series (also in red or green) uses a heavy-duty rubber strap to fit on hard hats and fire helmets. It’s made of a chemical-/ impact-resistant glass-filled nylon polymer and includes three AA batteries. June 2018 • ELEVATOR WORLD

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â?Ž

New Functionalities in FIELDBOSS Lift 2.8

Rimrock Corp. has released a new version of its FIELDBOSS Lift elevator-contractor management solution built for the Microsoft Cloud and within Microsoft Dynamics 365. With version 2.8, FIELDBOSS Lift customers are now able to manage progress billing for construction projects and inventory stock levels within the system more efficiently. Progress billing allows FIELDBOSS Lift 2.8 users to create milestones and bill for multiple milestones per invoice. It is now possible to create a draft schedule of values for contractors and architects to approve prior to developing an invoice, permitting multiple adjustments before posting. The update also includes the ability to track and manage inventory. Customers can track quantities, prices and purchasing history of

inventory items. The items are applied to jobs, used in the field and costed into current work. Version 2.8 also extends the functionality released in previous versions by enabling technicians in the field to attribute materials (inventory and non-inventory) directly to their service tickets. rimrock.com   đ&#x;Œ?

FIELDBOSS 2.8 adds functionalities, including progress billing.

Classified Section Advertising Rates

Elevator & Escalator Replacement Parts

PAYMENT MUST ACCOMPANY SPACE ORDER. Calculate payment based on the three options listed below. Blind box advertising $50.00 extra (per insertion). Color is available. Contact for pricing.

6x Rate 12x Rate 1/6 $400.00 $325.00 $300.00 1/12 $300.00 $200.00 $175.00 Line $3.00/word $3.00/word $3.00/word 1/6 Horizontal — 4-7/8� wide by 2-1/4� deep 1/6 Vertical — 2-5/16� wide by 4-3/4� deep 1/12 Boxed — 2-5/16� wide by 2-1/4� deep

and Equipment

Single Insertion

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Wire Rope Cleaner with Lubricator Eliminates the need to clean and lubricate wire ropes manually saving labor costs and down time of equipment.

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140

www.elevatorworld.com • June 2018


Classified Section Lift Business Advisors, Inc. Has successfully represented the sellers of more than 55 elevator contractors and suppliers of various sizes in the elevator industry to a broad range of acquiring companies. Since inception in 1998 we have provided hands-on support for companies seeking to grow their business and implement best practices that will improve profitability in the near term and optimize value when pursuing an eventual exit. We also provide valuation services for a range of purposes. If you are considering the sale of your business, implementing improvements or need a valuation, please contact Jeff Eaton or Mark Walters at Lift Business Advisors for a confidential discussion and complementary strategic review. Lift Business Advisors, Inc. 696 San Ramon Valley Blvd. Suite 413 Danville, CA 94526 Tel (925) 984–0019 www.liftbusiness.com jeff.eaton@liftbusiness.com mwalters@liftbusiness.com

Trusted Service Provider to the Elevator Industry for 30 Years

99 Ortona Court, Concord, Ontario L4K 3M3 Toll Free 1-877-742-3665, Fax (905) 738-5603 renown-electric.com; email: info@renown-electric.com

• Brushes, brush holders, springs etc. • Gearless Field and Brake Coils • Surplus & exchange motors • Motor rewind/repairs • MG Set rewind/repairs • Armature rewind/repairs • Sheave new and repairs • Encoder retrofit kits

ESCALATOR COMB IMPACT & SKIRT IMPACT TOOL Tools for checking code required vertical & horizontal force for Setting Comb & Skirt Switches. They will also check distance at proper pressure to steps from skirts as required by A17.1 code.

EECO Home Cabs We custom t our elevator to your hoistway giving you the maximum space available.

The tools are furnished in a Pelican Case with wheels for easy transport.

For more information contact

dale@daletolar.com

Code Ref: A17.1-6.1.3.3.6 A17.1-6.1.6.3.6 A17.1-6.1.6.3.13 A17.1-8.11.4.2.20 As described in A17.2-7.17.2(b)(1 thru 8)

ZORLU ASANSÖR SAN. ve TİC. LTD. ŞTİ.

Topağacı Mah. Doğu Cad. No:17/A Ümraniye/İSTANBUL Tel.: (0216) 631 96 71 Pbx. Fax: (0216) 632 44 94 export@zorluasansor.com www.zorluasansor.com

For More Details Contact Us Today! EECO Home (888) 877-4762 • Fax: (323) 762-1780 www.eecohome.com sales@eecohome.com June 2018 • ELEVATOR WORLD

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Classified Section WAGNER DRILL RIG & ELEVATOR EQUIPMENT FOR SALE Machines, generators, etc. Call: (775) 323-2323 Fax: (775) 323-3694 Email: erosaia@aies.net www:silverstateeelevator.com Precision Escalator Products, Inc. Over 30 Years In

Why GO DIGITAL with ELEVATOR WORLD magazine? • Only US$39.99! • Available on iOS, Kindle and Desktops • FREE Source Directory • Immediate Delivery • Paperless Archives

Escalator Safety

When Service Counts Quality is Essential Value is Understood Inventory is Assured Nothing is Obsolete to Us

CODE DATA PLATES INSPECTION TAGS and other CODE REQUIRED PLATES, TAGS AND SIGNS ■

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Custom Plates made for Alterations and for all types of Modernizations Complete Research Service is included where necessary Standard Plates are kept in Stock High Quality Metal Plates and Tags Visit our updated website: http://www.codedataplate.com Phone: (281) 257-0516 Fax: (281) 257-0657

New 2018

Online Catalog

www.precisionescalator.com Sales@PrecisionEscalator.com

View a sample and sign up today at:

ELECTRONIC CONTROLS, INC. www.eciamerica.com • 800-633-9788

147 North Michigan Avenue Kenilworth, NJ 07033

800-233-0838 / 908-259-9009

GENERAL ELEVATOR PARTS INC. CO. 1-800-848-3329 or (773) 491-1927 Fax: 1-800-578-6349 or (773) 463-2827 Otis, Westinghouse, Dover, Imperial, etc. BUY AND SELL NEW AND USED ELEVATOR EQUIPMENT

Rotors – IMO Pumps Armatures – Door Motors ■ Machine Parts – Controls ■ Generators ✓ Obsolete’s Largest Supply ■ ■

gegelu@comcast.net Networking your inventory is like fishing. Just send over your list and we will hook you up!

Circuit Boards • Service Tools • LCD Door Boards • CabLite LED Lighting 142

www.elevatorworld.com • June 2018

WANTED OTIS TURTLE BACK longneck and shortneck hoist motors, size 1 1/2, 2 1/2, 3 1/2, 4 1/2, 5 1/2, etc. OTIS wound rotors type 1ac, 2ac, 3ac, 5ac, 7 1/2ac, etc. OTIS 63g, and all other dc hoist motor leg mount and flange mount. WESTINGHOUSE dc hoist, flange mount frame 63a, 93 and 93.5. See our website at www.elevatorexchange.com


Advertisers Index Adams Elevator Equipment Company................21 AFAG Messen und Ausstellungen..........................83 Alberto Sassi S.P.A............................................................... 9 Alps Wire Rope Corporation......................................55 AVT Beckett Elevators Ltd............................................11 Blain Hydraulics Gmbh..................................................19 Brugg Wire Rope, LLC....................................................... 7 C.E. Electronics, Inc...............................................29, 124 Canny Group Co., Ltd.....................................................81 Castrol..............................................................................36, 37 China Elevator Magazine..........................................137 Columbia Elevator Products Co., Inc.....................25 Draka Elevator Products...................................Cover 4 Eden-Design Gmbh.....................................................103 Elevator Controls Corporation..................................35 Elevator Dynamics LLC..................................................17 Elevator Escalator Safety Foundation...................42 G.A.L. Manufacturing Corporation.............Cover 3 Hollister-Whitney Elevator Corp................................ 1 Industrial Encoder Corporation...............................14 Innovation Industries, Inc.............................................. 3 Inpro Corporation - Ascend Division....................95 Integrated Display Systems, Inc...............................14 IPC Automation.................................................................16 James Monroe Wire and Cable Corporation................................................... Cover 2 JM Associates/Burnham + Company...................84 Julius Blum Co. Inc........................................................105 K-Elevator Cabs Ltd..........................................................89 Marazzi (Jiangsu) Elevator Guide Rails Co., Ltd...............................................................75 Maxton Manufacturing Company.........................33 Meiller Aufzugturen GmbH........................................39 Mongrain Vertical Transport Inc..............................45 MP Macpuarsa.................................................................125 NAEC.........................................................................................27 Ningbo Xinda Group Co., Ltd....................................43 Otis Elevator........................................................................... 5 The Peelle Company Ltd..............................................41 Pflow Industries, Inc........................................................15 Pixel Technologies Pty Ltd...........................................77 Quality Elevator Products............................................31 Quick Cab by Vertical Dimensions......................107 Reynolds & Reynolds Electronics.........................133 SCS Elevator Products Inc............................................79 SEES Inc./Southern Elevator & Electric................13 SJEC Corporation..............................................................47 Smart Elevator Tech LLC...............................................53 Smartrise Engineering, Inc.......................................129

SnapCab.................................................................................93 SUBIR & BAJAR....................................................................58 Suzhou Torin Drive Equipment Co., Ltd..............85 Tri-Tronics Company, Inc...........................................121 Unitec Parts Co...................................................................49 Wikk Industries, Inc..........................................................51 Wittur Italia Holding SRL..............................................23 Elevator World Products EW App...................................................................................22 EW Podcast...........................................................................30 NEW OPPORTUNITY: EW New York.......................34 EW Social Media................................................................50 elevatorbooks.com..........................................................54 NEW BOOK: IBC 2018.....................................................78 2018 Elevator World Photo Contest......................80 International Elevator & Escalator Symposium..............................................................86 Electronic Maintenance Control Program.....119 Project of the Year 2019.............................................134 EW Newsletters...............................................................143 Classified Advertising ATEL Corporation C.J. Anderson & Company Code Data Plate Dale Tolar & Associates Electronic Controls, Inc. Elevator Equipment Corporation (EECO) General Elevator Parts Company Lift Business Advisors, Inc. Maxton Manufacturing Company Parts Specialists, Inc Precision Escalator Products, Inc. Renown Electric Motors and Repair Inc. Silver State Elevator Company Vator Accessories Zorlu Asansör San. ve Tic. Ltd.Sti.

LOOKING FOR INDUSTRY INFORMATION? Try Elevator World’s Newsletters FOR FREE! EW New York Newsletter A monthly newsletter focused on the New York market.

ELEMART A monthly newsletter that delivers the latest information, from upcoming magazine features to tips on helping your business succeed.

ELENET ® A weekly rundown of the industry’s top news from around the globe.

ELEVATORBOOKS.COM A monthly newsletter that announces special discounts and new products available in our online bookstore.

EW MONTHLY A showcase of the upcoming issue including features and bonus online content.

EW EuroNews A monthly newsletter just for the European market that includes expanded news, product announcements and mini articles specific to the market.

www.elevatorworld.com

June 2018 • ELEVATOR WORLD

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Last Glance

Putting the Garage in the Sky

ELEVATOR WORLD first reported on the Porsche Design Tower in Sunny Isles Beach, Miami, in our September 2015 issue. The first-of-their-kind car lifts were installed under the ASME A17.7 performance-based code by Mid-American Elevator Co. of Chicago. Dubbed “Dezervatorsâ€? after Gil Dezer of Dezer Development, which built the tower, they include patented technology that allows the driver to stay inside a vehicle while riding the elevator. It takes only 75 s. to get to any apartment in the tower. The high-rise parking spaces are called “sky garagesâ€? and located either adjacent to a living space or one story below the home accessible via an internal staircase, CNN reported.   đ&#x;Œ?

Construction on the 60-story tower was completed in January 2017. This view is looking upward under the unique car elevators; photo courtesy of Porsche Design Tower.

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Thousands of products, used in millions of elevators, all from a single source

traveling cable

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Draka products are used throughout the world and can be found in some of the most famous buildings – One World Trade Center, Burj Khalifa and The Shard, to name a few.

We also offer a unique collection of industry-friendly tools, components, electronic systems, safety equipment and custom products that save you time and money. When you combine all that technology with a team of customer service and engineering support professionals, you’ve got a partner that helps you get things done right.

Only Draka offers limited lifetime warranties on traveling and compensating cable. In North America, we are the number one supplier of wire rope to the elevator industry.

We introduce solutions to make your life simple.

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This is why so many professionals choose Draka. Our driving philosophy can be summed up in one simple sentence: