Page 1


The Premier Magazine for the Building Transportation Industry in India


Issue 1, Volume 8



Tall Construction Increases in India ThyssenKrupp Elevator Unveils MULTI ISO TC 178 Meets in South Africa


Contents 14


Bandra Ohm, planned for Mumbai, is part of a recent increase of tall construction in the country (rendering courtesy of James Law Cybertecture®).

FEATURES 24 Taking You Higher by M.J. Mohamed Iqbal, EW India Correspondent 58 Aby John Paternoster for the Future Gale 70 13th Annual CTBUH Awards Symposium by Dr. Lee Gray 84 ISO TC 178 Plenary Meeting in South Africa by Louis Bialy 90 EURO-LIFT 2014 Poland by Berkay Mumoğlu and Monika Kowalczyk COLUMNS


Company Spotlight

MAS Industries by Kanika Goswami

Component Trends

Made in India by Kanika Goswami




IEE Expo 2015 in Dhaka, the New Elevator-Industry Hotspot by Anitha Raghunath

Industry Dialogue

Rapid Changes in the Bangladesh Skyline by Kanika Goswami




The Unenviable Job of Ensuring Lift Safety in India by Kanika Goswami

1st Quarter Issue 1, Volume 8








48 80

Market Trends

Bangladeshi Real-Estate Sector: A Realistic Overview by Ar. Mustapha Khalid Palash The SAARC Region by M.J. Mohamed Iqbal, EW India Correspondent

Public Safety Terror Compromises Safety by Shem Oirere

Readers Platform Getting the Most out of Apartment Building Elevators by Sanjay Shah

Realty Trends Bangladesh Growing “Up” by Kanika Goswami

Technology Reverse Journeys and Destination Control by Stefan Gerstenmeyer and Dr. Richard Peters Elevator Traffic Analysis: Analytical Versus Simulated by Dr. Albert So and Dr. Lufti Al-Sharif

DEPARTMENTS 3 6 8 14 106 108 111 112


Guest Editors’ Overview Calendar Inside India News Regional News Product Spotlight Marketplace Source Directory Advertisers Index



India ™

ELEVATOR WORLD India is a quarterly magazine published by ­Elevator World Inc., Mobile, Alabama (U.S.) and Virgo Publications, Bangalore (India). Virgo Publications is a sister organization of Virgo Communications, the organizers for IEE – International Elevator & Escalator Expo. Elevator World, Inc. is the premier publisher for the international building transportation industry. Since the inception of ELEVATOR WORLD magazine in 1953, the company has e ­ xpanded core products to include ELEVATOR WORLD India, an ­extensive network of websites, a bi-weekly e-mail newsletter (Elenet®) and the Source©, the most inclusive industry directory. Publishers – Anitha Raghunath, Ricia Sturgeon-Hendrick, T.Bruce MacKinnon International Publishing Co. – Elevator World, Inc. Indian Publishing Co. – Virgo Publications Editorial International Managing Editor – Angela C. Baldwin Indian Editorial Manager – Kanika Goswami EW Editorial Staff (U.S.) – Lee Freeland, Kaija Wilkinson, Hanno van der Bijl Indian Guest Editor – M.J. Mohamed Iqbal EWI Correspondent - M.J. Mohamed Iqbal Contributors – John Gale, Dr. Lee Gray, Louis Bialy, Berkay Mumoğlu, Monika Kowalczyk, Ar. Mustapha Khalid Palash, Shem Oirere, Sanjay Shah, Stefan Gerstenmeyer, Dr. Richard Peters, Dr. Albert So, Dr. Lutfi Al-Sharif Printing, Distribution and Commercial Operations Commercial Directors – Anitha Raghunath and G. Raghu (India) – Patricia Cartee (U.S.) Advertising Sales and Marketing Anitha Raghunath and G. Raghu (India) – T. Bruce MacKinnon, Lesley K. Hicks, Scott O. Brown, Cleo Brazile (International) Brad O’Guynn, Caleb Givens (Marketing) Patricia Cartee (Education Products) Production and Internet EW Staff (U.S.) – Lillie McWilliams, Jessica Trippe, Tara Dow, Dan Wilson Administration Anitha Raghunath (India) Emma Darby (U.S.) ELEVATOR WORLD® and ELEVATOR WORLD India™ are registered trademarks and all rights reserved. Copyright© 2015. For permission to reprint any portion of this magazine, please write to the publisher at Elevator World, Inc., P. O. Box 6507, Mobile, Alabama 36660, USA or at Virgo Publications, Virgo House, 250 Amarjyoti Layout, Domlur Extension, Bangalore, India 560071. ELEVATOR WORLD India is published in the interest of the members of the elevator industry in India, to improve communication within that industry and to further continuing education of members of that industry. ELEVATOR WORLD India publishes articles by contributing authors as a stimulus to thinking and not directives. ELEVATOR WORLD India publishes this material without accepting responsibility for its absolute accuracy, but with hopes that the vast majority of it will have validity for the field. The ideas expressed therein should be tempered by recognized elevator engineering practices, standards, codes and guidelines. Publication of any article or advertisement should not be deemed as an endorsement by ELEVATOR WORLD India, ELEVATOR WORLD, the publishers at Elevator World Inc. or Virgo Publications. Printed by Sri Sudhindra Offset Process, No.27-28, 8th Cross, Malleshwaram, Bangalore - 560003, Karnataka, India. ELEVATOR WORLD India will be published quarterly in 2015: February 6, May 18, August 18 and November 17. Advertising and subscription information is available at

Guest Editor’s Overview by M.J. Mohamed Iqbal It is a great privilege and honor for me to be the guest editor for this issue of ELEVATOR WORLD India (EWI). As such, I wish to highlight the safety issues faced by the elevator industry in India and its neighboring South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC) countries, particularly Pakistan, Sri Lanka and Bangladesh. Three decades ago, the Indian elevator market was much smaller than it is today, and manufacturers and suppliers were very few, with only Otis representing the majors. In today’s scenario, there are a number of international players, including Mitsubishi, Toshiba, Hitachi, Otis, KONE, ThyssenKrupp, Hyundai, Fujitec and Schindler, as well as many more local companies participating. Elevator installations are performed by international and local companies throughout India. Components now come from various sources and are sometimes installed by companies without complete knowledge of them. The fast-growing industry and its many participants, some less educated than others, leave us vulnerable to the occurrence of serious injuries and accidents. Anyone involved in the elevator industry should have safety as a top priority, but the need for safety is not highlighted enough. Safety consciousness often appears absent! And, while some accidents are highlighted in the media, most of these occurring in remote places are, regrettably, not. It is important that all incidents be brought to light, so awareness of risks is created, and rectification and corrective actions may take place. The need to avoid risks and ensure passenger safety requires manufacturers to have a commitment to people and society; this is the prime factor. It is the need of the hour. By ensuring compliance with elevator industry codes and standards, we prioritize not only the lives and safety of passengers, but that of industry personnel as well. At many India sites, I still see people working without safety belts, helmets and safety shoes. Field employees should be educated on the concept of “work safely; your family is waiting for you,” helping them all consciously work towards security. It is important that the companies for which they work adhere to safety orientation and other rules. Every organization’s top management should set this as an objective in their business operations, and work on the prevention of injuries and improvement actions for the achievement of field and public safety. The Elevator Industry Field Employees’ Safety Handbook, a new edition of which will be published this year by Elevator World, Inc., should be used as a standard tool, distributed by all elevator Continued

installation and maintenance companies to their employees. Countries like India should translate the 2015 Elevator Industry Field Employees’ Safety Handbook into Hindi and major regional languages for better accessibility. Also, in countries like India where there are numerous universities and technical higher colleges, elevator engineering and technology should be adopted as a post-graduate course of study. At present, only the University of Northampton in the U.K. has such a course of study available. I shall be happy if elevator experts come forward to contribute more towards elevator safety and governing practices in India and the SAARC. It would be a revelation for all involved in the industry. I am willing to put myself as a frontline man on behalf of EWI in coordinating with Indian and SAARC universities for post-graduate study in elevator technology and management. In India, there are many thousands of elevators yet to be modernized, and every state has a separate code and standard. The country needs unified standards through the inspection stage, so safe and secure elevators are handed over for users. It would make the usage easier and safer. M.J. Mohamed Iqbal is managing director for Toshiba Elevator Middle East LLC, a subsidiary of Toshiba Elevator and Building Systems Corp. of Japan. He formerly headed the Installation and Projects department at Mitsubishi Electric’s joint-venture company in Dubai. He holds an MBA and Electrical and Electronic Engineering degree, and has nearly 30 years of extensive experience in the vertical-transportation engineering field.

EWI Services How to Contact EW India • Elevator World: 354 Morgan Avenue, Mobile, Alabama 36606, USA; phone: (1) 251-479-4514; fax: (1) 251-479-7043; e-mail: or • Virgo Publications: Virgo House, 250 Amarjyoti Layout, Domlur Extension, Bangalore, India 560071; phone: (080) 25357028/9; fax: (080) 25357028; e-mail: info@virgopubli News, Press Releases and Article Submissions • Submissions to be considered for publication should be sent to or editorial@elevatorworld. com. Editorial space is non paid; material is accepted based on newsworthiness or educational value and may be edited. Advertising • Contact Anitha Raghunath at (080) 25357028/9 or anitha@ in India. Contact T.Bruce MacKinnon at (1) 251-479-4514, ext. 20 or in the U.S. EW Educational Bookstore • For educational books, posters, CDs, DVDs and videos, visit website:

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ELEVATOR WORLD India • 1st Quarter 2015 •




2015 February

World Lift Expo Kenyatta International Conference Centre Nairobi, Kenya February 5-7 For more information, contact sponsor Nexgen Group at website: International Elevator & Escalator Expo Bashundhara Convention Center Dhaka, Bangladesh February 10-12 For more information, contact organizer Virgo Communications at e-mail: info@ or website: www.

For the first time, the International Elevator & Escalator Expo will convene in Bangladesh (photo by Md. Shapnow).


MADE Expo Fiera Milano Rho Milan, Italy March 18-21 For more information, contact organizer Diomedea at website: AsansĂśr Istanbul 2015 TĂźyap Fair Convention and Congress Center Istanbul, Turkey March 26-29 For more information, contact organizer Istanbul Fair Organization Ltd. at email:


Iran Liftex Tehran International Exhibition Center Tehran, Iran May 16-19 For more information on “The Fourth International Exhibition on Elevators, Escalators, Lift, Conveyors and Related Components and Equipment,� visit websites: and www.iranfair. com. IAEC Forum Nashville, TN May 16-22


ELEVATOR WORLD India • 1st Quarter 2015 •

For more information, contact the International Association of Elevator Consultants (IAEC) at website: www.iaec. org.

For more information, contact organizer AFAG Messen und Ausstellungen GmbH at email: or website: đ&#x;Œ?  

Elevators & Access Control Dubai World Trade Center Dubai, U.A.E. May 18-20 For more information, visit www.


NAEC Annual Convention and Expo Westin Boston Waterfront Hotel and Boston Convention Expo Center Boston, MA September 28-October 1 For more information, contact the National Association of Elevator Contractors (NAEC)’s Amanda Smith toll free: (800) 900-6232, fax: (770) 760-9714, e-mail: or website: www.naec. org.


Interlift 2015 Augsburg Trade Fair Centre Augsburg, Germany October 13-16

The Tehran International Exhibition Center will host Iran Liftex on May 16-19 (photo by Franco Pecchio).

Please visit us at: A11 & A12 – Hall # 1

Inside India News

Otis India Buoyed by Synergy of UTC Consolidation The synergy created by consolidating United Technology Corp.’s (UTC) elevator, airconditioning, fire/security and building-automation divisions under one umbrella is proving beneficial to Otis India, reports. The restructuring of the divisions into UTC Building & Industrial Systems happened in 2013. Since then, Otis India has landed impressive contracts including ones for 670 units for Hyderabad Metro Rail – the single largest contract in Indian elevator-industry history – (ELEVATOR WORLD India, 3rd Quarter 2013) and 222 units for Delhi Metro Rail Corp. Consolidating offices has resulted in shorter response, reduced costs and shared sales leads. In addition to focusing on its energy-efficient, locally made Gen2® elevator, Otis India has doubled capacity at its Bengaluru manufacturing facility in expectation of increased urbanization. The Indian elevator market is expected to reach 70,000 units per year by 2017.

Metro Rail work underway in October 2014: Otis was awarded a 670-unit Metro Rail contract, representing the single largest contract in elevator-industry history (photo by N. Aditya Madhav).

Lifts in Ernakulam, Other Cities Lack Licenses Approximately 20%, or 487, of the 2,355 lifts and escalators in Ernakulam lack valid licenses, The Times of India reports. Authorities received license applications for 1,431 lifts in Ernakulam since January 2013, but granted licenses to only 944. Units without licenses continue to operate in order to minimize inconvenience for those who use them. Property owners whose elevators lack licenses have been notified, and licenses should be renewed annually. It was also found that in Palakkad, 94 units lack licenses; Kollam, 101; Kozhikode, 120; and Malappuram, three. There have been at least two lift accidents recently in Ernakulam, one of which was fatal, emphasizing the need for inspections to help ensure properly functioning elevators.


ELEVATOR WORLD India • 1st Quarter 2015 •

Strong Demand for Residences in Mumbai Supertall The Lodha Group, developers of the 117-story, 442-m-tall residential building World One Tower in Mumbai, reports brisk sales during a nine-day booking period in winter 2014, New Delhi TV reports. During that time, approximately US$80 million worth of property was sold. The project was launched in 2010 and is expected to be complete in 2016. It will be among the tallest residential structures in the world. In December 2014, it was approximately 75% complete.

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Inside India News

MRVC Trespass-Prevention Project Picks Up Speed A trespass-prevention project launched by Mumbai Railway Vikas Corp. (MRVC) in 2013 has gained momentum with the award of major contracts, including those to supply and install up to 25 escalators and eight elevators at 11 suburban stations, The Times of India reports. The initiative is aimed at reducing trespassing-related fatalities along the suburban Mumbai railway, where more than 3,000 people die in such accidents each year. MRVC officials hope to finish the project by spring 2016.

Blain Hydraulics Establishes Blain India

Blain Hydraulics of Germany has established Blain India Pvt. Ltd. in Mumbai in an effort to build market share in what it describes as a “promising and developing elevator market” that includes India and the Indian subcontinent. Products will come from Blain’s own warehouse, which will be joined by marketing and service centers. Stated the company: “With ready availability of its products, spare parts and services, Blain India will contribute in expanding hydraulic-elevator market share in India in years to come.”

Opulent Condo Tower Planned in Mumbai Bandra Ohm, an opulent, 30-story condominium tower that would have a balcony swimming pool for each of its 100 units, is planned in Mumbai, the Wall Street Journal reports. Designed by James Law Cybertecture of Hong Kong, the building has a remarkable design resembling a perfume bottle with a Fabergé egg in the center. The balcony swimming pool has been seen in cities such as Miami and Kuala Lumpur as developers find ways to make their luxury towers stand out from the competition. Ground is expected to be broken this year on Bandra Ohm.

Escalator Device Theft Highlights Ongoing Problem The theft of an escalator’s electronic control panel in late 2014 at Southern Railway’s Light House station in Chennai, reported by The Hindu, highlights the problem of theft often being the cause of nonfunctioning equipment. Police believe the theft of the panel, which caused the escalator to stop, happened in the early morning hours and was done by at least two people, since the panels are located underneath units and are difficult to extract. Early last year, Vishrantwadi police linked a pair of elevator-repair mechanics to a string of at least six elevator control-panel thefts in that area (ELEVATOR WORLD India, 2nd Quarter 2014). Such panels can be worth up to several hundred U.S. dollars each.

Baby Succumbs to Escalator-Fall Injuries

A 15-month-old girl succumbed within hours to injuries she sustained on October 12 as a result of falling from her mother’s arms from the second to the ground floor of a shopping-mall escalator in Kochi, The Times of India and Emirates 24/7 reported. Although eyewitnesses confirmed the tragedy was an accident, authorities vowed to inspect all lifts and escalators in Kochi, paying particular attention to those in malls. Passengers of Ernakulam Junction in Kochi also called for escalator assistance for senior citizens during heavy traffic.


ELEVATOR WORLD India • 1st Quarter 2015 •

Rendering courtesy of James Law Cybertecture®

Inside India News

Education, Injury Prevention the Goals of Elevator and Escalator Safety Trust submitted by EEST


If you have watched a child get hurt and the parent pacifying the child, one fact emerges: it is the parent who suffers most. If a child is badly hurt, a parent’s entire world comes crashing down. What can we, as individuals, do to prevent such scenarios? At the Elevator and Escalator Safety Trust (EEST), we know exactly what we can do, at least in terms of elevator/ escalator safety. EEST’s sole mission is to educate children on elevator and escalator safety. Its purposes are exclusively charitable and educational. Anitha Raghunath and TAK Mathews formed EEST on August 15, 2008, after a four-hour brainstorming session. TAK, as he is fondly known, would ask, “Why should an innocent child suffer because he/she was not informed or educated on how to travel?â€? That responsibility lies on us as adults, and now, on EEST. EEST’s sphere of activity revolves around three objectives: ♌♌ Educate young children on safe use of elevators and escalators ♌♌ Educate adults and senior citizens on safe use of elevators and escalators ♌♌ Promote safety awareness among property owners and managers Since its inception, EEST has educated 27,476 schoolchildren and 2,362 adults across


ELEVATOR WORLD India • 1st Quarter 2015 •

India. The organization continues to march ahead, and industry giant such as Otis, Schindler, Johnson Lifts and ThyssenKrupp continue to pledge their support. The fourth quarter of 2014 saw 6,532 children and 286 adults educated. In 2015, EEST’s goal is to

Since its inception, EEST has educated 27,476 schoolchildren and 2,362 adults across India. educate 100,000 children. We look to every person in our society to chip in to help achieve this goal. Founding Director Raghunath states: “We all have some responsibility towards our society in making it a safe and comfortable place to live. We believe that it is also our responsibility to contribute to the elevator and escalator industry by extending our support and a helping hand to promote the safe usage of vertical-transportation equipment, which has become an integral part of daily life.â€? In October 2014, Anuradha Sawant took over the EEST director role from Neeta Deole. With an MBA and law degree from Mumbai University, along with 23 years of experience, she is passionate about educating children on safety. EEST welcomes participation from the industry and encourages interested parties to email the trust at or visit the đ&#x;Œ? website:   

Regional News

Business, Market Activity New companies, partnerships and facilities for the Middle East and Asia headline busy end to 2014. New Chinese Company Supplies Bangladeshi Mall

Fuji Elevators Gets Distributor in Oman

Hangzhou SWORD Elevator is a new manufacturer and service provider in China. According to the Shanghai Elevator Trade Association, its facilities produce 50,000 pieces of elevators and related products annually. It is located in a 120-m-tall production base in Hangzhou. It also owns an elevator testing tower that can accommodate the testing of models up to 7 mps in speed. SWORD has been qualified to manufacture domestic units up to that speed and is able to manufacture and test outdoor elevators, which run up to 26 m tall. One of SWORD’s upcoming projects is the 166-ft.-tall “Elegant Shopping Mall” in Zindabazar, the center of Sylhet, Bangladesh. The 15-story structure will include four elevators and three escalators. The company is also actively exploring the Bangladesh elevator market and seeks cooperation there to aid its expansion in South Asia.

Jeddah, Saudi Arabia-based Gulf Elevators & Escalators Co., manufacturer of Japan’s Fuji Elevators, has tapped Kawas Engineering Co. of Oman to be the sole distributor of Fuji products in Oman, Arab News reports. Gulf Elevators and Kawas officials signed the agreement at Gulf Elevators headquarters in Jeddah. Gulf Elevators CEO Mutaib bin Fahd Al-Tuais said the move is part of the company’s plan to expand its presence in the Gulf Cooperation Council countries and beyond. Gulf Elevators states it is the first company to manufacture elevators in the region and is one of the first in the region to receive International Organization for Standardization certification.

Geochang Elevator R&D Center Opens in South Korea Korea Testing Laboratory has opened Geochang R&D Center, intended to be the cornerstone of a global elevator-industry hub in Geochang County, South Korea, home to more than 20 elevator companies, The Korea Times reports. Approximately 1,000 industry and government officials attended a November 2014 ribbon cutting for the facility, which is aimed at giving a competitive boost to small and mediumsized manufacturers that lack their own R&D and testing facilities. A 102-m-tall tower at the center can test elevators at speeds of up to 540 mpm and simulate conditions such as a 9.0-magnitude earthquake and 45-mps wind.

Symax Completes New Facility to Serve China, Russia

“Elegant Shopping Mall” in Sylhet, Bangladesh


ELEVATOR WORLD India • 1st Quarter 2015 •

In September 2014, Symax Lift (Holding) Co. Ltd. completed a new US$9.15-million facility in Wanzhou, China, to serve western China and Russia. The facility is comprised of two production

lines and 496,000 sq. ft., including a 174,000-sq.-ft. workshop. The six Chinese provinces the new facility will serve represent 35% of the Chinese population, according to Symax. In addition, the company believes a housing boom in Russia means demand for elevators will grow. CEO Xiaoyan (Sabrina) Zhang observed: “With our Wuxi flagship facility and the new Wangzhou facility, Symax will be operating in a more efficient and strategically diverse landscape. As a result, our capacity to serve current and future customers will improve.”

Chinese Firms Gain Market Share Domestically Chinese elevator and escalator companies are expanding their market share domestically, according to the China Elevator Association, China News reports. Chinese OEMs, product manufacturers and technology providers now possess more than 50% of the Chinese market, versus approximately 10% a decade ago. The world’s largest elevator market, China produced more than 633,000 elevators in 2013, representing an annual 20% increase. Elevator exports rose by 35% to 65,968. Chinese OEM Canny Elevator Co. Ltd. notes cost-conscious real-estate developers are helping drive demand for domestically produced items.

Otis Lockout Ends in Australia Otis Australia and union workers reached an agreement on pay, conditions and benefits in mid-December, ending an eight-week lockout that occurred after union workers voted down a previous agreement, various outlets, including IndustriALL Global Union, reported. The 3.5-year agreement includes a 14% pay increase, increased travel allowances and income protection.

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Regional News

Upcoming Events A new expo in Dubai, the fourth Iran Liftex and the venerable Asansör Istanbul and Interlift planned as major industry expositions. Surging Demand Gives Birth to New Dubai Expo


A new elevator/escalator exposition is coming to Dubai in light of surging industry demand in the Middle East. The Elevators & Access Control (E&AC) show is planned on May 18-20 at the Dubai World Trade Center, to be held in conjunction with the facilities-management event FM EXPO. Approximately 700,000 elevators are expected to be installed in the Middle East North Africa region by 2018, and 16 skyscrapers are being built there – nine in the U.A.E. alone. The vertical-transportation industry within the Gulf Cooperation Council countries is expected to see a compound annual growth rate of 5.39% during 20132018. The expo promises to bring companies and customers together to help fulfill demand. EA&C Senior Project Manager Jaafar Shubber observes: “We decided to co-locate E&AC with next year’s edition of FM EXPO to provide additional benefits to both visitors and exhibitors. [An elevator] is used, on average, up to 100,000 times a year and covers thousands of kilometers. Because of this excessive demand, [elevators] need to be regularly maintained and, in many cases, modernized or even replaced. This highlights why launching E&AC 2015 alongside FM EXPO will provide even more reasons to visit and participate in the show.” For more information, visit

Iran Liftex Announced The next iteration of Iran Liftex (formerly “Lift Iran”) will be held at the Tehran International Exhibition Center in Tehran, Iran, on May 16-19, 2015. Dubbed “The Fourth International Exhibition on Elevators, Escalators, Lift, Conveyors and Related Components and Equipment,” the event is expected to draw at least 200 active and reputable local companies and organizations from Iran, Turkey, China, South Korea, Italy and the U.A.E. to its 10,000-m2 floor. For more information or to register, visit websites: and

New Asansör Istanbul Pavilion for March Event The 14th Asansör Istanbul exposition is set for March 26-29 at the Tüyap Fair and Convention Center in Istanbul across


ELEVATOR WORLD India • 1st Quarter 2015 •

approximately 50,000 m2. Among an anticipated record number of international participants at the four-day industry show, there will be a new national pavilion for Italian companies. It will be comprised of 33 Italian manufacturers and suppliers. Additionally, a group from Germany and approximately 60 companies from China are to be on display. Organizers İFO Fuarcılık and AYSAD (Turkish Lift and Escalator Industry Association) expect an additional 120 exhibitors from Spain, France, the U.K., Greece, India, the U.S., Lebanon, Malta, and Bosnia and Herzegovina. They suggest participants plan to spend at least three days at the show to interact with all the exhibitors. The 2015 edition of the fair is expected to be 25% larger than the previous (and record) iteration, held in 2013. A total of 500 exhibitors from 30 countries are expected to participate. For more information, visit website:

Interlift Announcements Interlift 2015 organizer AFAG Messen und Ausstellungen GmbH has announced a new record for the biannual trade fair: space booked includes the new Hall 4 and the CUBE, to total 42,500 m² in the Augsburg Trade Fair Centre in Augsburg, Germany, for October 13-16. This is an increase of 1,500 m² from the space booked at the 2013 event. More than 250 companies (including 20 new ones) had already registered to exhibit as of November 2014. Additionally, some international companies participating for the first time are presenting their products as part of countrywide cooperative stands. Aside from the usual delegation from China (which is to send its largest group so far to Augsburg), South Korea is also showing greater interest in sending more exhibitors to the show. The Italian presentation, organized by the Italian elevator components association ANICA, will be increasing its size by 100 m². Numerous lectures on six groups of topics, for which papers are being called, have already been received. The deadline for submissions is April 17. Finally, the Exhibitors’ Reception will be moved from the traditional Tuesday evening to Wednesday, October 14. AFAG and co-organizer Trade Fair Advisory Council reason that the extra day will make the organization of the evening much easier, now that it has grown to include more than 600 guests. For more information, to register or to submit a paper, visit

Regional News

Chinese Contracts, Accident 392-elevator project joins large KONE job and troubling trend of diminishing safety. DAZO Cooperates with Major Realtor The Shanghai Elevator Trade Association reported that DAZO Elevator Co., Ltd. has contracted with Shanxi MingHe Real Estate to supply and install the elevator equipment at Chinese projects in Changzhi (a power plant and park), Liedian, Hongxin Mall and Wang Guyu (a residential development). The five projects include 392 elevators. DAZO sublet the work and equipment to 33 other elevator companies. The contract between DAZO and Shanxi MingHe includes a long-term strategic cooperation agreement.

Major Singapore Contracts Rail Deal Is a Record Breaker for Otis Otis has been awarded a US$120-million, 578-unit contract by existing customer Singapore Land Transport Authority, marking the OEM’s most valuable new equipment order in its 161-year history. The order consists of 411 escalators and 167 Gen2® elevators. They will be installed along the rail network’s Thomson-East Coast line and link northern Singapore to the central business district and Marina Bay area. The first phase is set for completion in 2019, with the entire project complete in 2021.

51 KONE Elevators for Changsha, China, Complex KONE has won a contract to provide 51 elevators plus two years of maintenance to the Changsha Kineer International Center in Changsha, China. The center consists of a trio of 220-m-tall office buildings covering 3.5 ha expected to serve up to 6,000 visitors daily upon completion in 2017. The The Changsha Kineer International Center buildings will be outfitted was designed by the Hunan Architectural with 44 MinispaceTM and Design Institute. seven S MonoSpace® elevators, as well as the E-LinkTM traffic-monitoring system.

Avire Signs with Singapore HDB Avire has been awarded a contract to supply elevator-door safety sensors and dot-matrix displays to the Singapore Housing & Development Board (HDB) for an upcoming renovation. A contract signing took place in Dongguan, China, in August, which included Avire Managing Director Ian Steel and Avire customers IFE Elevators and Chevalier Singapore, which were represented by General Manager Luo Ai Ming and Director Quah Eng Hing, respectively. Work is scheduled to start in January 2015 and be complete in 2017.

29 Injured in Hong Kong Lift Mishap Twenty-nine elevator passengers were injured, two suffering broken bones, on October 9 when the elevator in which they were riding at Kwun Tong factory in Hong Kong fell from the 12th to the ground floor, South China Morning Post reports. The elevator’s capacity was 21 people, or approximately 1600 kg, and investigators believe overloading was a factor. Chinese authorities are looking further into the incident, which sparked public concern due to lift accidents becoming more frequent in recent years in quickly growing China.


ELEVATOR WORLD India • 1st Quarter 2015 •

(l-r) Ian Steel, Luo Ai Ming and Quah Eng Hing

92% It’ssuccessful! Top results for 515 interlift exhibitors: 69 % rate their participation as “very good” or “good”, 23 % as “satisfactory”*.

73% It’sdecisive! No other lift trade fair has such a high proportion of visitors who are involved in investment decisions: 73% have sole responsibility for decisions or are involved in an advisory capacity*.

Meet The World: interlift 2015 13 - 16 October Messe Augsburg | Germany

68% It’sunique! 68% of the 18,900 visitors only use interlift to find out about innovations on the world market*.

* interlift 2013

Messe- und Congressberatung Herbert Dirr, Hamburg

Professional sponsor: VFA-Interlift e.V. ■ ■ Organiser: AFAG Messen und Ausstellungen GmbH ■

Regional News

Schindler Wins Major Contract for VietinBank Headquarters

Schindler to Outfit World’s Tallest “Vertical Garden”

Schindler has been awarded a 121-unit contract for the new VietinBank headquarters in Hanoi, Vietnam, a pair of 363- and 250-m-tall towers scheduled for completion in 2017. Designed by Foster + Partners, the towers feature glassy façades, with the taller, 68-story tower’s glass roof forming a “V.” Schindler will supply 75 elevators and 46 escalators, including six 10-mps, double-deck elevators that will be the fastest of their kind in Vietnam. The project is set to have 42 7000 high-rise elevators, 23 5500 elevators, 46 9300AE escalators and 10 additional elevators. Schindler’s destination-control PORT technology will power the system in the taller tower, which will house VietinBank’s offices. Schindler’s Lobby Vision®, which allows single-point supervision of the system, will also be implemented.

Schindler will provide the elevator system for the world’s tallest “vertical garden,” 52-story Clearpoint Residences in Colombo, Sri Lanka. Four 7000 elevators with Power Factor One regenerative drives and PORT destination control comprise the package. The elevator system will be part of the first sustainable high-rise apartment complex in the country, with solar panels to generate electricity to power lights and elevators, wastewater recycling and planted terraces for each of the 164 apartments. The project marks the introduction of PORT technology to Sri Lanka.

Bangkok “Super Tower” Would be Tallest in Region At 615 m tall and 125 stories, what is now being called “Super Tower” would be the tallest building in Southeast Asia when completed in approximately six years, The Nation reports. Developers announced they were proceeding with the project in October. Designed by U.S.-based Skidmore Owings & Merrill (SOM), the tower resembles another SOM-designed building planned in Jakarta, the 530-m-tall Pertamina Energy Tower, which has a clamlike shape (ELEVATOR WORLD India, 1st Quarter 2014). Super Tower would be the centerpiece of a mixed-use development spanning 11.7 ha.

KONE to Supply 15 Units to Luxury Perth Hotel KONE has been hired to supply 15 units to Crown Towers Perth in Western Australia, a 22-story luxury hotel and convention center scheduled to be complete in 2016. KONE will equip the development with nine MiniSpace™ and four TranSys™ elevators, along with two TravelMaster™ escalators. In addition, three KONE service elevators will be used during construction.


ELEVATOR WORLD India • 1st Quarter 2015 •

83 Elevators, Escalators to Enhance Pakistan Bus Stations Eighty-three elevators and escalators promise to enhance passenger flow through 24 new bus stations in Rawalpindi and Islamabad, Pakistan, the Pakistan Observer reports. The stations are part of a new 24-km-long public bus route scheduled to be complete by January 30. There are 10 stations in Rawalpindi and 14 in Islamabad. Besides elevators and escalators, they will have ticket stations and automatic platforms.

Regional News

Majority of Sematic Sri Lankan Tower an Shares Acquired by Carlyle Homage to Cricketers The European division of Washington, D.C.-based assetmanagement firm The Carlyle Group has acquired a majority stake in Italyâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s Sematic Elevator Products. Sematic has experienced double-digit revenue growth in recent years and, in 2014, expected to generate sales of EUR150 million (US$183.8 million). The deal was expected to close in the first quarter of 2015, and Sematic is optimistic the partnership will enhance its ability to grow internationally. With more than 1,000 employees and production facilities and sales offices worldwide, Sematic was founded in 1959 by Francesco Zappa and is today run by his sons, Roberto, Marco and Paolo. Carlyle Europe Partners Managing Director Marco De Benedetti remarked: â&#x20AC;&#x153;Sematic is a great example of an Italian business with global reach due to its world-class products. The Zappa brothers and management team have delivered notable success in recent years, and Carlyle is delighted to partner with them.â&#x20AC;?

A 96-story, mixed-use tower proposed in Colombo, Sri Lanka, is designed as a tribute to the 1996 cricket team that won the World Cup, World Architecture News reports. Designed by Reza Kabul Architects, its glassy façade resembles four cricket bats with a ball perched on top. Should it be built, 96 Iconic Tower would have 18 escalators connecting a four-level shopping area, along with four lifts for residents and two for staff. It would also contain a top-floor observatory and a cricket museum.

Elevators, Escalators among Upgrades at MMA2 in Lagos An overhaul of elevators, escalators and moving walks are part of NGN500-million (US$3-million) in upgrades at Murtala Muhammed International Airportâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s Terminal 2 (MMA2) in Lagos, Nigeria, the Daily Trust reports. Improvements include two new escalators valued at NGN600 million (US$369,572), along with additional check-in counters and automated, paperless check-in systems. Scheduled for completion by July 2014, the improvements promise to bring MMA2 up to par with airports in Dubai, London and New York, said Christophe Penninck, of Bi-Courtney Aviation Services, which owns the airport.

Hyundai Motor Plans 100-Plus-Story Skyscraper in Seoul Hyundai Motor Group aims to build an office tower of at least 100 stories on the former Korea Electric Power Corp. site in the Gangnam district of Seoul, The Dong-a Ilbo reported. In December 2014, the automaker was soliciting bids from international architectural firms and pursuing approvals needed to proceed. Should it be built, the tower will be joined by a convention center, automobile theme park, shopping mall and lodging. The office tower would be among the tallest đ&#x;&#x152;? buildings in Seoul.â&#x20AC;&#x192;â&#x20AC;&#x201A;


ELEVATOR WORLD India â&#x20AC;˘ 1st Quarter 2015 â&#x20AC;˘


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Market Trends

Taking You Higher An overview and projections of the Indian vertical-transportation market reveal the promising outlook of increasing tall construction.

by Mohamed Iqbal, EW India Correspondent

Indian Economy and ElevatorMarket Scenario The vertical-transportation industry is booming in India as the construction and real-estate activities in the country burgeon. The elevator and escalator market witnessed a downturn when the construction sector was hit as a result of the global economic crisis beginning in 2007. But, by the last quarter of 2009, the Indian construction market had weathered the storm and emerged strong. The residential sector provided the required impetus for the growth of construction activities. In 2010, the scenario changed, and the market


ELEVATOR WORLD India â&#x20AC;˘ 1st Quarter 2015 â&#x20AC;˘

witnessed close to 13% growth and demand for elevators across India. Most of this growth was triggered by the residential sector and emergence of several Tier-1 and -2 cities. The 2014 market for elevators is estimated to have exceeded 50,000 units. Western India is the leading market for elevators in India and accounted for 35% of total business in 2013. Where the northern and southern regions accounted for 27% and 25%, respectively, the eastern region contributed 13% of the total market. Conservatively, the market is expected to grow at a compound annual growth rate of approximately 14% per annum in the next five years to exceed 75,000 units in 2018. The global

market for elevators is projected at approximately 500,000 units, with China being the highest contributor and India coming in second. Vertical development in the residential and commercial sectors is gathering momentum across many Indian cities. Rapid urbanization, ever-increasing land costs and higher disposable incomes have forced cities to grow vertically. Another key factor is the ease in building regulations by some state governments. With construction and urban infrastructure projects contributing to nearly 8% of the country’s gross domestic product, this segment is instrumental in providing the required boost to the allied industries of building materials and automation.

Demand per Year and Segment Categorization The estimated demand for 60,000 units per year in India is segmented into a number of categories: 18% for the high and middle-high category of projects, 50% for the middle category and 32% for the low segment. International giants like Otis, Mitsubishi Electric, KONE, ThyssenKrupp, Hitachi, Fujitec and recent entrant

Toshiba are the key players for projects in the high and middle-high segments. KONE, Otis, Schindler and ThyssenKrupp cater largely to middle-category projects. In the high segment, stiff competition continues among Mitsubishi, Toshiba, KONE, ThyssenKrupp and others. Recently, Toshiba and Johnson Lifts Ltd. entered into a joint venture with a view to providing high-speed elevators to the Indian market and steadily expanding their market reach (ELEVATOR WORLD India, 4th Quarter 2012). This has a significant impact on the share of the players who cater to premium projects in India. Johnson takes the larger percentage (around 21%) of the total market share and dominates the low segment. In addition, there are other local elevator manufacturers that contribute to low-category projects. The overall market leader is Otis, the first elevator supplier in India. The company installed possibly the oldest elevator in Asia in 1892 at the Raj Bhawan in Kolkata (EW India, 4th Quarter 2012). Otis also has the most service-center offices in the country. It bagged one of the largest orders in Indian history in 2013, for the Continued

Clockwise from top left: Forum Atmosphere, Kolkata; Emerald Isle, Powai; Minerva, Mumbai; Namaste Tower, Mumbai; Vivanta by Taj, Amritsar; Imperial Towers, Mumbai; and Godrej BKC, Mumbai

• Issue 1, Volume 8 •


Radisson Hotel, Faridabad

installation of 670 units in the Hyderabad Metro (EW India, 3rd Quarter 2013).

Manufacturing Capabilities of International Players Otis, KONE, Schindler and Fujitec are the international companies with manufacturing facilities in India. Mitsubishi Electric has plans to set up its factory in Karnataka by 2017. Other players like Toshiba and Hitachi import material from their factories abroad. There are several component suppliers spread nationwide that can meet the needs of elevator manufacturing in India. As India is poised for great growth, many industry component-manufacturing companies are coming into the market at full force.

Safety and Environmental Issues Modern elevators and escalators are equipped with numerous safety features to ensure safe rides for the passengers. Automatic rescue devices, power-failure emergency operations, 3D infrared light curtains, overspeed protection, automatic landing to the nearest floor in case of system failure, etc., are a few examples. Companies are also stressing the development of environmentally conscious elevators and escalators with an aim to reduce overall carbon footprint. The Elevator and Escalator Safety Trust (EEST)

As India is poised for great growth, many industry component-manufacturing companies are coming into the market at full force. was formed in 2008 with the prime objective of educating children, adults and senior citizens on safe practices while using elevators and escalators. Another major aim is to promote safety awareness among property owners and developers.


ELEVATOR WORLD India â&#x20AC;˘ 1st Quarter 2015 â&#x20AC;˘

Caladium, Bangalore

Vertical-Transportation Technicians Institutes such as the Industrial Training Institute and Institute of Elevator and Lift Technology specialize in imparting training on elevator and escalator installation and maintenance. Hence, there is a large pool of skilled and semiskilled vertical-transportation technicians available in India. India is the richest country in which trained elevator technicians are available. They are often hired in Middle Eastern countries â&#x20AC;&#x201C; in particular, the U.A.E., Saudi Arabia, Qatar, Oman and Bahrain. There are also many subcontracting elevator installation companies in India.

India is the richest country in which trained elevator technicians are available. Inspections and Third-Party Inspectors There are dedicated government authorities like the Public Works Department and Chief Electrical Inspector to Government in India that allot permissions for installing elevators. These authorities also carry out the responsibility of thoroughly inspecting the elevator units installed and issuing the license/ certificate that validates the fitness of the lift for public use. In addition to these government bodies inspecting the quality of the lift installed, several developers have taken a keen interest in deputing vertical-transportation consultants who use their technical expertise to check the ride quality, safety, efficiency and aesthetic features of the elevator. Quality and safety are the most important aspects of elevators; they are stressed in India. Occasionally, untoward incidents related to safety crop up, and all elevator companies must come forward to ensure safety in every respect. Clients should be made aware of the importance of quality maintenance, and any incidents related to maintenance should be seriously looked into by the industry. â&#x20AC;&#x201A; đ&#x;&#x152;?


IEE Expo 2015 in Dhaka, the New Elevator-Industry Hotspot The capital of Bangladesh offers new markets, better possibilities and expanded business opportunities. by Anitha Raghunath Bangladesh has been developing on many fronts over the last few decades, and with new construction-industry regulations encouraging vertical growth, elevators and escalators are the next focus for the construction industry in the country. Traditionally, Bangladesh has been the hub of arts and culture. The home of the Nazrul Niti, Rabindrik music and Dhakai textiles, not to mention the largest jute production in the world, it is a beautiful, picturesque country. However, since its 1971 independence, the population boom in its cities, driven by unchecked migration from rural to urban areas, has caused the country to swell at the seams, while goodquality housing is still out of reach for a large middle-class majority. Real estate has, thus, become a focus for urban development. To mitigate this situation, in recent years, private developers in Bangladesh have orchestrated a real-estate sector boom. With regulations that require 40% of the land within any construction site to be left unconstructed, there is only one way to grow -- upward. This has encouraged the vertical boom in the sector and encouraged several service sectors related to the building industry. Starting in the capital city of Dhaka, growth has now spread exponentially to cover all major urban centers of the country. The resultant rapid growth in the private real-estate sector also calls for global suppliers and manufacturers of related products like elevators and escalators. This has led to a huge


ELEVATOR WORLD India â&#x20AC;˘ 1st Quarter 2015 â&#x20AC;˘


Midas Center, an office building in Dhaka, Bangladesh

amount of financial movement in this sector, playing a pivotal role in the economic development of the country, while generating a bulk of employment for skilled professionals and laborers. In Bangladesh, the time is ripe for an event that will display the brands, players and technologies available in the elevator industry and help drive it forward with an interactive platform that displays the entire gamut under one roof. Traditionally held in India, the International Elevator & Escalator (IEE) Expo 2015 will be held in Dhaka for the first time on February 10-12. IEE Expo Dhaka 2015 will provide new territory for the industry to explore and help it capitalize on the elevator and escalator market of Bangladesh. It will display the latest elevators, escalators and related components from across the globe. The event has received an overwhelming response from the industry and will include exhibits by ThyssenKrupp, Schindler, Esskay, Sicher, IGV Group, Canny Elevator and many others from all over the world. As of January, more than 90 companies worldwide had confirmed their participation. As the benefits of exhibiting in a rapidly growing market become clearer, the list of exhibitors intending to leverage the event for exploring the potential market of Bangladesh is growing every day. Support for the expo has come from many housing associations and construction companies in Bangladesh, including the Real Estate and Housing Association of Bangladesh and Institute of Architects Bangladesh. In addition to being a platform to create brand presence in a new market, the event will provide opportunities to network and work on partnerships and joint ventures for industry players. Builders, developers, architects, civil engineers, OEMs, elevator and escalator component suppliers, electrical engineers, project-management consultants, service consultants, engineering and architecture students, and entrepreneurs will be present. Over the last several years, the IEE Expo has created many opportunities for the global elevator and escalator industry to explore the market and more firmly establish itself in India. It stands as the fourth-largest elevator and escalator expo in the world. Your author and others at Virgo Communications and Exhibitions (P) Ltd. hope to recreate this opportunity for the đ&#x;&#x152;? industry in Bangladesh.â&#x20AC;&#x192;â&#x20AC;&#x201A;

â&#x20AC;˘ Issue 1, Volume 8 â&#x20AC;˘


Market Trends

Bangladeshi Real-Estate Sector: A Realistic Overview This focus on Dhaka explores critical housing and land problems and what can be done to solve them. by Ar. Mustapha Khalid Palash As one of the most densely populated countries in the world, Bangladesh faces numerous problems in mitigating the basic needs of its population. This density poses a severe inadequacy for housing of the minimal affordability segments, mostly made up of middle- or lower-income groups. After the country’s independence in 1971, there was a major influx of population in its major cities of Dhaka and Chittagong. This trend has continued until the present day. Unemployment in rural and suburban areas has compelled such huge migration, which is overburdening the two major cities. Dhaka, as the capital, has become the primary focus of the population influx, and nowadays, it is considered to be one of the most densely populated cities in the world. There are

population. Furthermore, the boom in the building industry since the early 1990s allured lower-income rural inhabitants to migrate to the major cities, particularly Dhaka. The classifications of income groups in Bangladesh are mainly higher, middle and lower. The subgroups are defined by the following monthly earnings, after tax, per capita: low (BDT5,000 [US$64.27] or less), lower middle (BDT5,000–10,000 [US$64.27-128.58), middle (BDT10,000–25,000 [US$128.58-321.46]), upper middle (BDT25,000–50,000 [US$321.46642.92]) and high (BDT50,000 or more [US$642.92 or more]).[2] Other factors have contributed to the unprecedented growth of the city’s population. While only a minor portion of the influx (belonging to the upper-/higher-income group) can really afford a shelter of their own, it has been With regard to the costs of housing, the unbearable urban indicated: population in Dhaka, lack of government initiatives and “Providing housing for incentives, and scarcity of land and its unprecedented price Dhaka city dwellers is very significant for ensuring make respectable dwellings in Dhaka a fantasy for its sustainable urban middle- and lower-income citizens. development, as it is one of the largest growing megacities other factors that pulled Bangladesh’s rural in the world. High growth of population in population toward its cities, one of them being Dhaka city is creating extra pressure on land the huge and rapid growth in the garment sector and making an adverse impact on house rent. since early 1980s. Until recently, there were The high rental price of housing in Dhaka city more than 5,000 garment factories in and around makes it impossible for the people, especially the 1528-km2 metropolis of greater Dhaka[1] that [those in the] middle-income group, to afford employed more than three million workers and, housing. It reveals that the rent paid for housing varies with income and expenditure of the inadvertently, invited more migrants tenants in different locations. The research accompanying and supporting this huge bulk of Continued


ELEVATOR WORLD India • 1st Quarter 2015 •

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Dhaka at the turn of the 20th century

A 2004 satellite image of Dhaka

observes that access of the middle-income group people to housing is constrained by high house rent compared to their income. This observation concludes that some measures should be taken to make the housing affordable for [the] middle-income group so that they can live in Dhaka city with standard living [conditions].”[2] Though the above excerpt emphasizes the middle-income group, the preamble of this article makes it explicit that Dhaka’s lower-income group occupies the majority in a huge magnitude, whereas a paltry 12% of the population falls under the upper segment. The severity of the situation of such a big urban population affects every walk of city life, but it becomes a massive issue when we speak about housing. As a whole, housing includes not only the dwelling itself, but also other amenities and infrastructure aspect. Formal affordable housing is crucial for the healthy growth of a livable city. Without it, informal housing (real estate) would increase to the point of obliterating the city. This is happening in Dhaka to the brink of taking the whole city beyond the point of no return. With regard to the costs of housing, the unbearable urban population in Dhaka, lack of government initiatives and incentives, and scarcity of land and its unprecedented price make respectable

dwellings in Dhaka a fantasy for its middle- and lower-income citizens. Until recently, governmental agencies had taken initiatives only to allot land to upper-income city dwellers. However, in a recent endeavor, it has decided to construct 30,000 apartments in the Uttara area and sell them at an “affordable” price.

Dhaka today


ELEVATOR WORLD India • 1st Quarter 2015 •


Mobility Solutions of today For Smart Cities of tomorrow Elevators | Escalators | Moving Walks | Transit Management – – –

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ELEVATOR WORLD India • 1st Quarter 2015 •

Though the government has made a few attempts at housing initiatives since independence, those were mostly for the benefit of its own employees, not for general citizens.

Apart from the government’s initiatives, the nationwide boom of the real-estate sector had been brought on by private developers. It started primarily in Dhaka and has been spreading sporadically over other major districts. It was begun by local housing company Islam Group in the pre-liberation period. They had started selling land, then making duplex houses in the Pallabi area (then an outskirt district of Dhaka). The owner of Islam Group, Jahurul

It is no more a hypothesis that the government must come forward to mitigate the huge dwelling demands prevailing in the city, either by constructing dwellings itself or by providing subsidies to private developers. Islam, is considered to be the visionary in this sector who pioneered and inspired several others after independence, especially in the mid 1980s, to come up with initiatives to help Dhakans have a piece of land upon which to construct their own houses. Besides land developers, there are several thousand real-estate companies constructing apartments in Dhaka. Some of them have also extended their operations to other major cities. The irony of fate is, again, the dilemma between the costs versus the target group. Seldom are efforts at affordable housing able to trickle down to the lower-income or even middle-income segments. This is due to the scarcity of land and its premium prices, the cost of construction materials, and virtually no government incentives. It is no more a hypothesis that the government must come forward to mitigate the huge dwelling demands prevailing in the city, either by constructing dwellings itself or by providing subsidies to private developers.

The boom in the real-estate sector has given birth to several service sectors related to the building industry in Bangladesh. The growth also enticed international companies to operate offices locally for mechanical and electrical equipment, such as elevators, substations and generators. Though not formally calculated, a huge amount of financial movement is apparent in this sector, which, in turn, plays a pivotal role in the economic development of the country and generates the bulk of employment for professionals and laborers. In a nutshell, the real-estate sector, though not complementing the housing situation, is bringing standalone solutions imparting the foundation of a brighter future, which surely shall be boosted by governmental support.

References [1] Md. Shafiqul Mannan & Md. Masud Karim. “Current State of the Mobility of the Urban Dwellers in Greater Dhaka,” paper for presentation for the 94th Annual Conference and Exhibition of Air and Waste Management Association, June 24-28, 2001, Orlando, Florida. [2] Rowshan Jahan and Dr. A.K.M. Abul Kalam. “Measuring Rental Housing Affordability of Middle-Income Group in Dhaka City,” Journal of Bangladesh Institute of Planners, Vol. 5, December 2012, p. 79-91.

Ar. Mustapha Khalid Palash, FIAB, is principal architect and managing director for Vistaara Architects Pvt. Ltd. He is also vice-president of the Institute of Architects Bangladesh and president of the Architecture Alumni Association of BUET.

• Issue 1, Volume 8 •


Industry Dialogue

Rapid Changes in the Bangladesh Skyline One of the country’s premier architects explains exponential job growth, upcoming wave of innovations. by Kanika Goswami

The number of real-estate companies operating in our country was less than five during the 1970s. During the 1980s, this number reached almost 50. By the year 2000, there were more than 200, and now, the number is approaching 1,500. We have seen the exponential growth of volume of work. We now need a wave of innovations. EWI: Which changes do you see in the style of architecture over this period? AA: During the last decade, a major change in architectural forms has occurred, due to the change of building codes and regulations. Height restrictions were relaxed in exchange for smaller footprints and larger green areas, but one thing did not change: our developers generally do not use too much extravagance in their buildings. That is to say, they do not make Greek-style columns or castle-like architecture to attract clients. The style is, more or less, modern and minimalist. However, even in this modern and smart approach, one aspect is changing: the use of globally available materials and technology has gone up drastically. Earlier, it was, “If you need Continued

Elevators and escalators are not a luxury today; they have become a necessary component of residential, commercial and institutional building.


ELEVATOR WORLD India • 1st Quarter 2015 •


Following its independence in 1971, Bangladesh took a few decades to catch up with the rest of the world in elevator and escalator usage in buildings. However, over the last few years, these have become a necessary part of architecture for many of its buildings, especially public ones. In the minimalistic postmodern design trend of the country, modern designs and functionalities are making Bangladesh a destination for elevators and escalators using the latest technology. Some insights from Institute of Architects Bangladesh President Dr. Abu Sayeed M. Ahmed’s (AA) experience as being one of the country’s top architects were shared with ELEVATOR WORLD India (EWI) below. EWI: Please share some insights on the real-estate scene in Bangladesh over the last couple of decades. AA: The real-estate sector grew phenomenally but could not effectively explore new ideas. We are still mostly making residential apartments with three to four bedrooms (which are too costly), while tens of thousands of new working couples (with one child or no children), students, bachelors and workers are getting no attention from the real-estate companies. Even from the point of view of revenue and profit, these are high-potential market segments, which need to be explored.

wood, source it locally; if you need aluminum, bring it from Thailand.â&#x20AC;? Now, it is, â&#x20AC;&#x153;Bring the best wood from wherever available (often Burma), treat it with the most effective chemicals (often from China), fabricate it with the most advanced tools (often from Germany),â&#x20AC;? and so on. Luckily, one major material, the brick, is still locally available in extremely high quality and quantity. All in all, the new changes are quite good. EWI: Are there any government policies for high-rise building design in the country? Have you seen any changes in regulations over the last few years? Do you think these regulations have helped create the architectural style for the country? AA: Of course, there are policies and codes and guidelines. In addition, these are not static, stale and safely ignorable documents. The building codes and other rules and regulations are constantly being updated and discussed. The professional body, civil society and general public are also very much involved in the process of making and executing the codes. In the past, our country unfortunately experienced quite a few building-failure-related accidents on a major scale; therefore, we have grown much more conscious and sensitive about these. EWI: Traditionally, the style and materials for construction have been of a certain origin in the subcontinent. How has it been in Bangladesh? Is it changing now? AA: Bengal is the largest delta in the world. Readily available material for the building industry is clay, which can produce brick. A 2,500-year-long tradition of brick construction was superseded by a reinforced-concrete system to construct wider and taller


ELEVATOR WORLD India â&#x20AC;˘ 1st Quarter 2015 â&#x20AC;˘

buildings. To reduce construction periods and due to the scarcity of commercial land, a steel-and-glass construction system is becoming more and more popular in contemporary Bangladesh. EWI: What role do accessories play in this trend? For instance, how big a role do elevators and escalators play in the design for buildings today? AA: Elevators and escalators are not a luxury today; they have become a necessary component of residential, commercial and institutional building. Even for comfortable movement for older people, as well as disabled persons, public structures or spaces like foot overbridges, airport gangways, and railway stations have provisions for elevators and escalators. EWI: How long has the elevator industry been gaining ground in the country? How widespread are elevators and escalators now? What are the regulations governing them? AA: The earliest-known elevator in Bangladesh was in a colonial hospital building in the mid 20th century in Dhaka. Some years later, elevators were installed in several public buildings, like the old secretariat (Eden) building. Interestingly, immediately after independence, the first escalator was installed in a shopping center in the port city of Chittagong. Since then, the escalator has become a common phenomenon in most modern shopping malls or centers in Bangladesh. Now, the Bangladesh National Building Code has a special chapter dedicated to elevators and escalators, where detailed technical specifications, safety and security, and even space requirements are addressed.â&#x20AC;&#x192;â&#x20AC;&#x201A;đ&#x;&#x152;?

Realty Trends

Bangladesh Growing “Up” Industry expert Alamgir Shamsul Alamin (AA), president of the Real Estate & Housing Association of Bangladesh (REHAB) and director of Shamsul Alamin Group (AA), one of the country’s largest builders, tells ELEVATOR WORLD India (EWI) readers about this growing, potential-packed market. by Kanika Goswami

Present government rules prohibit new gas connections, which has hampered development.

EWI: Over the last decade or so, how has the real-estate trend changed in Bangladesh? Could you share or refer to some statistics on this? AA: If we consider the last decade only, we will see the demand and price of both land and apartments have increased significantly. For example, in 2001, price per square foot for an apartment in the affluent Gulshan area of Dhaka would have cost only between TK1,800 (US$23.11) and TK2,200 ($US28.25). Presently (in late 2014), the price would be between TK15,000 (US$192.60) and TK20,000 (US$256.81). So, the growth is very significant. As mentioned earlier, the population of Dhaka is increasing at a very rapid pace. As a result,

demand for real estate has been increasing accordingly since 2000. EWI: What are the government policies for high-rise buildings in the country? Have you seen any changes in regulations over the past few years? AA: The government of Bangladesh has very strict rules and regulations. Previously, there were no rules a real-estate developer had to maintain a certain amount of open space in the construction of a building. At present, however, developers are required to keep 40% of the area open. Thus, the government has encouraged vertical, rather than horizontal, expansion, and developers have to maintain all the rules and regulations of urbanization to win approval from entities governing the environment, civil aviation, fire service and local government. EWI: From where do construction materials come? AA: Bangladeshi customers are very sensitive, and they always look for upgrades. To meet demand, we are changing our materials. Previously, we used European products. Now, since India, China and South Korea manufacturers have improved their product quality, our customers accept their products, as well. EWI: When did the elevator industry start gaining ground in the country? In most buildings, what would be the estimated ratio of floors to elevators? AA: The elevator industry in Bangladesh started gaining ground after the 1990s. The trend


EWI: Please share some insight into what the real-estate scene in the country has been like for the last couple of decades. AA: Bangladesh is a developing country. The population is approximately 160 million and growing rapidly. We witnessed a huge demand for apartments in 1995-2011, but from 2012 onward, the real-estate sector has experienced a tough time. There are several factors involved, but the most important one is inadequate supply of gas and electricity. Present government rules prohibit new gas connections, which has hampered development.



ELEVATOR WORLD India • 1st Quarter 2015 •


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Published By: Headquarters Comfort Elevators n Escalators Pvt. Ltd., Bangalore- 56



There are certain standards we have to maintain while choosing escalators or elevators for our projects.


in Bangladesh is ground- plus nine-floor construction, and the average residential property has at least one lift. EWI: As far as escalators and elevators are concerned, please tell us about the kind of construction quality on which they focus. AA: Escalators and elevators come in a variety of designs and quality. We must live up to our customersâ&#x20AC;&#x2122; expectations so they always feel they are getting a real value for their money. There are certain standards we have to maintain while choosing escalators or elevators for our projects. And, as far as construction quality is concerned, there is absolutely no compromising. EWI: Which major elevator/escalator brands do Bangladeshi builder-industry players prefer? Which are more popular â&#x20AC;&#x201C; Chinese or European products? AA: The major brands real-estate companies prefer include Sigma Elevator Co. of Seoul, Otis and Fuji Elevators of Bangalore. Some developers purchase both Chinese and European products, because these products are readily available and give the benefit of choice from a vast array of design and quality. EWI: Are REHAB members working with more organized sector players?

AA: Yes. There are approximately 200 organizations directly or indirectly linked with this industry. EWI: Is technology being adopted readily in Bangladesh, or are there hurdles in terms of costs, regulations, etc.? AA: We are a developing country, and our main strength is our population. We have cheap labor compared with other countries. I think adopting new technology would increase the price of apartments, since it would require significant capital investment. At the same time, we lack a skilled workforce that is already accustomed to new technology. However, I would say we are accepting the most cost-effective technologies. We must keep in mind that when our costs increase, the price of our apartments increases. Thus, a lot of customers would be prevented from having an apartment of their own. EWI: What do Bangladeshi builders look for in elevators in terms of speed, etc.? AA: Normally, high-speed elevators are expensive. So, builders prefer medium-speed elevators. At the same time, we are also cautious about power consumption. EWI: As one of the leading builders in the country, do you see a future trend of tall buildings? How do you see the elevator industry growing in the country? AA: Present rules and regulations set by the government of Bangladesh encourage vertical and restrict horizontal expansion. Due to the fact developers are required to keep 40% of sitesâ&#x20AC;&#x2122; area open, the only alternative is to go up. So, it is quite obvious that đ&#x;&#x152;? demand for elevators will increase.â&#x20AC;&#x192;â&#x20AC;&#x201A;

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Reverse Journeys and Destination Control How reverse journeys can aid destination control when considering passenger perception and behavior by Stefan Gerstenmeyer and Dr. Richard Peters This article was first published at the Fourth Symposium on Lift & Escalator Technologies ( prior to editing by ELEVATOR WORLD India. . . . Editor When a passenger gets into a lift, he or she expects to be taken in the direction of his or her destination. A reverse journey, where the passenger is initially taken up when the call is in the down direction, (or vice versa) can be disconcerting. Reverse journeys can be avoided with destination control, but only if the system is allowed to refuse calls. Refusing calls, with a “no lift available, please try again later” message or indication is frustrating for passengers. This article explores why destination control systems (DCSes) are susceptible to reverse journeys and how lift planning affects this issue. Where accepting a reverse journey is the best compromise, appropriate indication can help avoid passenger confusion. Allowing reverse journeys has an impact on handling capacity and quality of service. These factors are investigated using simulation.

Background The control of a group of lifts to serve registered hall and car calls can be divided into two levels.[1] The higher-level elevator dispatching problem can be considered an assignment problem. The lower level is self contained and is traditionally solved with collective control.[2] The lower level describes the control algorithm of a single car to serve its registered calls based on a set of rules and constraints:[2-4]


ELEVATOR WORLD India • 1st Quarter 2015 •

♦♦ Do not bypass a car call/destination of a passenger ♦♦ Do not transport passengers away from their destination ♦♦ Only stop at a floor because of a car or hall call These rules alleviate the psychological aspects passengers feel by avoiding reverse journeys and unnecessary blind stops.

Reverse Journeys in Conventional Systems Reverse journeys are not difficult to avoid with conventional collective control where there are up and down landing call buttons. EN 81-70 requires direction indicators for conventional control systems.[5] In most cases, the car allocation is only revealed shortly before a car arrives at the landing: passengers traveling up get into the car when the lift stops on its way up with the up indicator lit; passengers traveling down get into the car when the lift stops on its way down with the down indicator lit. This means that the same car can be allocated both an up and a down call on the same floor without resulting in reverse journeys. Reverse journeys do occur, but only when passengers do not recognize the announcement or if they deliberately choose a reverse journey. Sometimes, choosing a reverse journey can result in a shorter time to destination, and passengers’ recognition of this has been observed in heavily loaded systems. Some passengers press both push buttons with the hope of a faster car arrival. Sometimes, passengers enter a lift despite its announcing the opposite direction. In these cases, passengers get into the lift either knowing they will ultimately


Reverse journeys can be avoided with destination control but only if the system is allowed to refuse calls.[7] Refusing calls, even if with a “no lift available, please try again later” message or indication, is frustrating for passengers. It can also lead to a significant increase in waiting times. For these reasons, people designing and configuring destination-control dispatchers sometimes allow reverse journeys.

Reverse Journey Scenarios


Order of Stops Without New Call


GF, 4


GF, 4


2, -2, GF, 3

With New Call

GF, -2, 4 (reversal for A1 at GF) GF, 4, -2 2, GF, -2, 3 (reversal for C1at GF)

Figure 1: Reverse journey scenarios with single lifts

Figure 1 illustrates three separate scenarios where accepting a new allocation will cause a reverse journey. In scenario A and C, the new call causes a reverse journey for existing passengers. Scenario B causes a reverse journey for the new call. In scenario C the reverse journey is caused by the combination of three calls. Some systems may stop twice at the same floor. For example, in scenario A, the lift could stop at the ground floor in both the down, then up direction. However, as passengers enter the allocated lift when it opens the doors independent from any direction indicators, in practice, the second stop is not required and can be avoided. However, space in the car for passengers who start their travel time in the wrong direction should be considered. In many cases, the reverse journey can be avoided simply by choosing another car. However, a combination of the scenarios described happening together results in times when the choice is either to accept the reverse journey, or refuse calls with a “no lift available, please try again later” message. This is illustrated for two lifts in Figure 2 but also occurs with larger groups when there are more calls.

Reversals and Performance

Figure 2: Reverse journey scenario with a two-lift group

New call will result in reversal or can be refused

get to their destination, or do not see/understand the announcement.

Reverse Journeys in DCSes In DCSes, the passenger selects the floor to which he or she is traveling and is immediately told which car to use. Each lift entrance needs to be individually marked to be easily identified.[5]

When DCSes are saturated,[9] not all passengers receive an immediate allocation,[8] and the system refuses calls. Excluding allocations that cause reverse journeys limits the dispatcher’s options and makes refusals more likely at lower levels of demand, prior to saturation. Refusals are more irritating to passengers than reverse journeys.[7] So, the option to allow reverse journeys should be considered. Lift performance has been compared in DCSes in which reverse journeys are and are not permitted; it was shown that the results for the average time to destination are better[10] if reverse journeys are allowed. However, the work was based on a single-car operation and does not discuss the dispatching problem. In this article, the effect of reverse journeys on a lift group is considered, applying the Estimated Time to Dispatch (ETD) algorithm.[11] The sample building has six 1600-kg-capacity lifts at 2.5 mps speed serving 14 floors above the entrance level(s) with a population of 60 persons per floor (20 persons on top floor). For simplicity, the initial results are based on a 4-hr. simulation with constant traffic demand of 12% of population per 5 min.

When the car arrives, no direction information is provided. Since

Reverse Journeys in Office Buildings

the passengers are waiting in front of the allocated lift, hall gongs

Morning Up-Peak

and lanterns are not needed.[6] Some installations include indicators to reassure passengers that they are waiting in front of the correct car for their destination. When the car arrives, it is normal to have an in-car indication of the planned stops.

In an office building during the morning up-peak, the traffic is typically split 85% incoming, 10% outgoing and 5% interfloor.[12] For the sample office building with a single entrance, Figure 3 compares average waiting time and transit time results, with and Continued


ELEVATOR WORLD India • 1st Quarter 2015 •

Figure 3: Comparative performance for a sample office building during up-peak, with and without reverse journeys allowed

Figure 4: Comparative performance for sample office building during lunch traffic, with and without reverse journeys allowed

without reverse journeys allowed. Where reverse journeys are allowed, the number of reverse journeys per 5 min. is also plotted.

boarding the lifts. Multiple entrance floors result in additional stops, which has an effect on the round-trip time, impacting both quality of service and handling capacity. Shuttle lifts or escalators carrying people from the basement floors to the main entrance help eliminate these additional stops.[6] Buildings with multiple entrance floors with mixed traffic are particularly susceptible to reverse journeys at peak times. This is because any lift stopping at an upper entrance for a passenger to alight is also likely to have been allocated an up call from this entrance. Figure 7 shows the number of reverse journeys for the sample building with a single and double entrance. For the double-entrance simulation, the entrance bias was 50% to each floor. The traffic was split 45% incoming, 45% outgoing and 10% interfloor. If reverse journeys are not allowed, there is a corresponding increase in waiting time.

Lunch Peak During the lunch period, a typical traffic split is 45% incoming, 45% outgoing and 10% interfloor.[12] Figure 4 shows simulation results for this lunchtime split, with and without reverse journeys. As would be expected intuitively, with the traffic more evenly divided in the up and down directions, there are more reverse journeys (if allowed). As the dispatcher optimization process only chooses a reverse journey when it improves the time to destination, the performance improvements are more significant than for up-peak traffic.

Implications of Design Choices Not All Lifts Serve All Floors A common-sense rule of group lift designs is that all lifts in a group should serve the same floors.[6] Ignoring this rule is generally a false economy. If it is, for some reason, not possible to let all lifts serve all floors, it is a good choice to use a DCS, as the system knows which lift serves a passengerâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s arrival and destination floors. [7] However, reverse journey situations are more likely, because fewer lifts are available for some trips. An example is given in Figure 5, in which the new call can only be served by L3. An allocation of the new call causes a reverse journey for the passenger waiting on floor 2. If the control system excludes allocations with reverse journeys, the call must be refused. To demonstrate the effect of one lift not serving the top floor, the simulation yielding results in Figure 4 was repeated, with only one lift serving the top floor. The results in Figure 6 demonstrate the impact on performance by not having all lifts serve all floors. However, by allowing reverse journeys, the degradation of performance is reduced.

Restaurant, Meeting and Other Busy Floors Many office buildings have dedicated staff restaurants[13] that affect morning and lunch traffic. Restaurants, meeting rooms and other busy floors are preferably located in the basement or on the Continued

Multiple Entrance Floors Some buildings have multiple entrance floors. These multiple entrance floors can be at different street levels or serve car parks in basement floors below the main entrance lobby. An entrance floor becomes relevant if there is a significant number of passengers


ELEVATOR WORLD India â&#x20AC;˘ 1st Quarter 2015 â&#x20AC;˘

Figure 5: Reverse journeys become more likely when not all lifts serve all floors.

second floor, and should be served separately by escalators or shuttle lifts. The traffic of restaurant floors can be treated as additional entrance floors.[6] Strakosch recommends never locating a restaurant/cafeteria at an intermediate floor of a lift group.[6] As with multiple entrance floors, these busy floors are particularly susceptible to reverse journeys at peak times.

Figure 9: Waiting time (solid line) and time to destination (dotted line) without reverse journeys

Figure 6: Results showing that allowing reverse journeys reduces the degradation in performance caused by not all lifts serving all floors.

Figure 10: Waiting time (solid line) and time to destination (dotted line) allowing reverse journeys

Design Application

Figure 7: Results showing the multiple entrance floors are more susceptible to reverse journeys.

The simulation in earlier sections are indicative of which factors affect the number of reverse journeys that occur if allowed, or, if they are not, the impact on waiting and transit times. However, it is difficult to generalize these results, as there are many parameters, and the performance of lift systems is not linear. For buildingspecific advice, demand templates based on actual traffic demand are more useful. Figure 8 provides a sample office building demand template.[14] This has been applied to a six-car lift group serving 14 floors above two entrance levels (average of four runs). Without reverse journeys, the waiting and time to destination plotted throughout the working day are as indicated in Figure 9. Allowing reverse journeys reduces the peak average waiting time (for the worst 5 min.) by more than 10 s. The results also show that reverse journeys are more frequent during busy times. The waiting time and time to destination plotted throughout the working day in this situation are as indicated in Figure 10. The number of reverse journeys plotted by time of day in this situation is given in Figure 11.

User Interface

Figure 8: Siikonen full-day office template[14]

If reverse journeys are allowed, the user interface needs to be considered in terms of quality of service.[15] If passenger travel begins in the wrong direction (reverse journey), reassurance indicators reduce the anxiety of passengers and can explain that the Continued


ELEVATOR WORLD India â&#x20AC;˘ 1st Quarter 2015 â&#x20AC;˘

Figure 11: Number of reverse journeys by time of day

reverse journey is not a system fault. Anxiety reduction will make waits feel shorter.[16] Also, the quality of the user interface and how the information is displayed are important to provide clear information from the lift system. Current displays do not show the stopping order; if they did, reverse journeys are easier to understand and are more likely to gain acceptance by the passengers. Suggested formats for displays are given in Figure 12.

Conclusions/Further Work Reverse journeys can be avoided with destination control but only if the system is allowed to refuse calls. Refusing calls is even more frustrating for passengers. Reverse journeys (or longer waiting time resulting from not accepting reverse journeys) are particularly prevalent with mixed traffic, at peak times, with multiple entrance floors, where not all lifts serve all floors, with restaurants and other busy floors, and in under-lifted buildings. Allowing reverse journeys reduces average waiting time and time to destination, but may confuse passengers. Improved indication can mitigate this problem. Though reverse journeys are not desirable, they sometimes represent the best compromise. Therefore, the choice the dispatcher makes whether to accept a reverse journey needs to consider more than the optimization of a combination of waiting and transit times. The acceptance of reverse journeys will be added as a consideration with the dispatcher algorithm to provide improvements in quality of service based on best understanding of the psychology of waiting and traveling in lifts. Future dispatchers will make intelligent decisions about


ELEVATOR WORLD India • 1st Quarter 2015 •

whether savings in waiting and transit time justify the drawback of reverse journeys.

Figure 12: Suggested indicator formats to help passengers accept reverse journeys

References [1] Sorsa, J. S.; Ehtamo, H.; Siikonen, M.; Tyni, T.; and Ylinen, J. “The Elevator Dispatching Problem,” Transportation Science, September 2009. [2] Barney, G. Elevator Traffic Handbook, London: Spoon Press (2003). [3] Levy, D.; Yadin, M.; and Alexandrovitz, A. “Optimal Control of Elevators,” International Journal of Systems Science, 8 (3), 301-320 (1977). [4] Siikonen, M. “Planning and Control Models for Elevators in High-Rise Buildings,” Research Reports A68. Helsinki University of Technology, Systems Analysis Laboratory (1997). [5] EN 81-70:2003 (2003). [6] Strakosch, G. and Caporale, R. The Vertical Transportation Handbook, Fourth Edition, Hoboken New Jersey: John Wiley & Sons, Inc. (2010). [7] Peters, R. Elevator Traffic Analysis & Simulation, 1st Edition, Chapter 7 Destination Control (draft, 2013). [8] Finschi, L. “State-of-the-Art Traffic Analyses,” Elevator Technology 18: Proceedings of Elevcon 2010, the International Association of Elevator Engineers(2010). [9] ThyssenKrupp. “Saturation Control for Destination Dispatch Systems,” authors/ inventors: R. Smith and R. Peters, WO 2009032733 (2009). [10] Tanaka, S.; Uraguchi, Y.; and Araki, M. “Dynamic Optimization of the Operation of Single-Car Elevator Systems with Destination Hall Call Registration: Part I. Formulation and Simulations,” European Journal of Operational Research, 167 (2), 550-573 (2005). [11] Smith, R. and Peters, R. “ETD Algorithm with Destination Dispatch and Booster Options” Elevator Technology 12: Proceedings of Elevcon 2002, The International Association of Elevator Engineers (2002). [12] The Chartered Institution of Building Services Engineers (CIBSE) CIBSE Guide D: 2010 Transportation Systems in Buildings, London (2010).

[13] Peters, R.; Smith, R.; and Evans, E. “The Appraisal of Lift Passenger Demand in Modern Office Buildings,” Building Services Engineering Research & Technology, 32 (2), 159-170 (2011). [14] Siikonen, M. “On Traffic Planning Methodology,” Elevator Technology 10: Proceedings of Elevcon 2000, the International Association of Elevator Engineers (2000). [15] Smith, R. and Gerstenmeyer, S. “A Review of Waiting Time, Journey Time and Quality of Service,” Symposium on Lift and Escalator Technologies, Northampton, U.K. (2013). [16] Maister, D. “The Psychology of Waiting Lines” (1985), ( the-psychology-of-waiting-lines,accessed February 12, 2014).

Stefan Gerstenmeyer is a senior engineer at ThyssenKrupp Elevator Innovation GmbH. He is also a postgraduate research student at the University of Northampton in Northampton, U.K., and has been involved in R&D projects relating to group and dispatcher functions for lift controls. Dr. Richard Peters is a director of Peters Research Ltd. and a visiting professor at the University of Northampton. He has been awarded Fellowship of the Institution of Engineering and Technology and of the Chartered Institution of Building Services Engineers. Peters is the author of the Elevate elevator traffic-analysis and simulation software. He has a degree in Electrical Engineering and a doctorate for research in Vertical Transportation.

Dynamic Events

title deck


A Paternoster for the Future ThyssenKrupp Elevator unveils MULTI, a ropeless system using maglev technology that promises to open up new frontiers in tall-building construction and elevatoring. by John Gale November 27, 2014, could prove to be a significant date for passenger lifts, for it was on this day ThyssenKrupp Elevator introduced its MULTI elevator system. The system is particularly notable because it has no ropes and moves people through a building in numerous lifts on a new, modular guide. Its engineering is based on the company’s wealth of experience regarding linear drive technology, and, when linked with many of the safety and control features used in ThyssenKrupp Elevator’s now well-understood TWIN® system, which consists of a pair of elevator cabs traveling independently of one another in the same shaft, MULTI can be considered an exciting possibility. Although the announcement comes at an early stage of development, ThyssenKrupp Elevator demonstrated its intention and commitment. Indeed, the new high-rise test tower taking shape in Rottweil, Germany (ELEVATOR WORLD, June 2014) is an important piece of the puzzle: The company plans to have MULTI installed and working in the tower in 2016.


ELEVATOR WORLD India • 1st Quarter 2015 •


Importantly, this type of system will enable passengers to be transported horizontally and vertically, so the whole dynamic of a high-rise development can be rethought by architects and developers no longer restricted by the weight of the hoisting rope or the height and shape of a building. “What goes ‘round comes ‘round.” This comment, uttered at the start of the day on November 27, turned out to be very incisive. ThyssenKrupp Elevator invited key media members and lift specialists to an event at company headquarters in Essen, Germany. They were greeted by guides, who led the way to a number of significant features the company wanted them to experience.

Room of Silence


The first experience was the “Room of Silence,” where employees and guests are permitted to sit quietly and think. This room is a very interesting component of a modern building and the entrance was certainly understated – a standard glass office door in an atrium. After a walk along a narrow, tall corridor the space opened to reveal a void with a steel-lined shaft at its core. Guests sat in the core and listened to a guide recount the story of how the Room of Silence came about. Guests learned the space is well used by the ThyssenKrupp community to sit and gather their thoughts or meditate.

in the world, so this was an experience not to be missed. This working example serves nine floors and was made in Hamburg, Germany, by Friedrich Kehrhahn. The first paternoster, or cyclic lift, was installed in the Oriel Chambers in Liverpool, U.K., and designed by the influential architect Peter Ellis in 1865. A similar system, designed by inventor Frederick Hart, was subsequently produced by J. & E. Hall in Dartford, U.K., in the 1880s. Examples of the paternoster can still be found in many parts of Europe. The system continued to be installed up until the 1970s, when it was deemed unsafe. It is worth noting that the Arts Tower at the University of Sheffield in South Yorkshire, U.K., still has the largest working system, which serves 18 floors. It can carry 50 people to the top of the building in 9 min. A paternoster’s handling capacity was clear for all the guests to see, and, in hindsight, pointed to what was to come.

TWIN in Action The fourth experience was a presentation of the TWIN system in ThyssenKrupp’s Q1 (The Cube) building, where guests could see two lifts moving independently and safely in the same shaft. This is always interesting to see, and, in an open atrium, particularly dramatic. So, with the “experiences experienced,” it was back to the main presentation room for a quick lunch in advance of the main announcement. On the stage in the main presentation room, Luis Ramos, ThyssenKrupp’s head of communications for elevator technology, invited ThyssenKrupp Elevator CEO Andreas Schierenbeck to the Continued

Strategic Physical Layout


The second experience allowed guests the opportunity to examine an architect’s model of the complex to see the scale of the headquarters set in a recreated, outdoor park. On a chilly, cloudy day, guests were informed that one of the key features of the complex’s design is its campus-like structure, allowing various ThyssenKrupp business sectors to interact. The guide then led guests through the complex, passing the old Krupp gatehouse on our way to the next highlight.

1939 Paternoster The third experience was indeed a treat, for guests were able to see and ride the 1939 paternoster lift system in one of the old Krupp office buildings. There are very few of these installations left Opposite page: (l-r) The “Cube” ; November 27, 2014, may turn out to be an important day in elevator history. This page: (l-r) Ramos, Jetter, Bass and Schierenbeck field questions.

• Issue 1, Volume 8 •


This page, clockwise from top left: Riding the paternoster in the old Krupp offices; the TWIN system; the ThyssenKrupp headquarters in Essen, Germany; the “Room of Silence” Opposite page: A graphic shows how MULTI works.


ELEVATOR WORLD India • 1st Quarter 2015 •

stage. Schierenbeck presented the case for a new lift system that could provide the flexibility and capacity required in modern cities. Global urbanization presents a growing challenge to architects and lift designers, he said, so a new approach to buildings’ internal transportation systems is required. Schierenbeck asked what if a new concept could be developed that takes into account the following factors: ♦♦ ThyssenKrupp’s experience developing the linear drive for the Transrapid maglev train ♦♦ Handling capacity of a paternoster lift ♦♦ Safety technology implemented in TWIN ♦♦ Numerous, ropeless cars all traveling in one shaft Such a concept is being developed, he said, and it is MULTI. Schierenbeck said he felt it was particularly important to point out MULTI has no height limit, and capacity can be added or reduced as needed. This, in essence, means architects and developers can incorporate a people-moving system into buildings of any height or shape. ThyssenKrupp Elevator’s head of R&D Patrick Bass (now CEO of ThyssenKrupp North America, Inc.) continued the announcement by showing the audience the proposed MULTI system as envisaged by the company’s R&D team. MULTI will be further developed over the next few years prior to installation in the test tower in 2016, he said. There, three 100-m shafts will be used solely for the MULTI system. Before that and by the middle of 2015, a 1:3 scale model will be made at the ThyssenKrupp

Elevator Innovation Center in Gijón, Spain, to test exchanger modules, service cars and autonomous running of the cars. Using graphics, Bass illustrated a number of design elements. Crucial to the concept are the linear drive units on the back of the cars that can swivel to allow for both horizontal and vertical travel. The modular nature of the guidance and the integral linear drive shrinks the shaft area, in turn optimizing a building’s usable floor space. Also, the modular design can greatly speed system installation and allows for use even during a project’s construction phase. A question-and-answer session closed the event with four senior executives present. Schierenbeck, Bass, ThyssenKrupp Elevator Head of Research Markus Jetter and Ramos all provided great input during this session. As one might expect, audience members made inquiries well after the session ended. Audience members were assured funding had been secured and the technology proven, so now it is a case of implementing the design and testing the system. New, lightweight materials are also being evaluated to offer MULTI cars with a number of different finishes without affecting performance. U.K.-based John Gale is a second-generation veteran of the lift industry. He has worked as a photographer and correspondent for ELEVATOR WORLD since 1990, primarily covering meetings, congresses and trade shows. In 1999, he co-designed Moving People from Street to Platform, a book on the vertical-transportation equipment in the London Underground. • Issue 1, Volume 8 •


Component Trends

Made in India Domestically made components: a dream that needs to become reality by Kanika Goswami Over the last two years, the Indian elevator and escalator industry has seen two very distinct trends. First, the import of components from China has increased dramatically. In 2009, India imported US$30 million worth of elevator components from China. In 2013-2014, that figure doubled to US$60 million. In any case, China accounts for almost 60% of elevatorcomponent imports to India, with the rest coming from countries including Germany, South Korea, Japan, Italy and Switzerland. China is the source of escalator components, as well. While Thailand has also been a big exporter to India in this segment, gearless motors come mostly from China because they require rare-earth permanent magnets that country supplies in abundance.

Should the Indian components market grow to be on par with imports, the ultimate benefit would be to Indian elevator manufacturers. In addition to these import markets, the indigenous components industry has also developed quickly. Manufacturers such as Schindler have worked with local vendors to meet their standards. Numerous global brands, including Wittur, Fermator and Monteferro, have set up component-manufacturing plants. In addition, Indian component manufacturers are improving quality. Chennai and Ahmedabad continue to be hubs for component manufacturing, and quality is only improving as technical knowhow increases due to collaborations with bigger manufacturers.

Made in India? With rapid growth foreseen in the elevator industry (India is poised to reach almost 100,000

units per year by 2018), the country will need to look for better and bigger components suppliers. Importing from China is the best option now, but soon, the availability of products from Chinese manufacturers with locations in India should replace this practice. “As an elevator company, we would like almost 80% of our components available locally,” says Havil Mitra, head of elevator business for Towell Engineering in Bangalore. That would result in raw-materials cost savings of 20-25%, he points out. Since India buys only 5-10% of all components, there is not yet enough demand to make domestic production viable. That should be remedied soon, however, with the new Indian government encouraging investments in special economic zones that will offer huge subsidies to companies that make products in India rather than import them. Today, China has approximately 3.3 million elevators installed versus India’s more than 320,000. However, in the next 12 months, volume is set to rise. That, coupled with the subsidies, means domestic production may become more attractive. This is especially so for European component manufacturers that want a larger piece of the growing Indian market. Despite being a fraction of the Chinese market, the Indian market is still much larger than the European markets for elevators. For most brands that have set up trading offices in India, moving manufacturing facilities here, as well, would be a more cost-effective option and save on transportation costs. In fact, many brands have already realized that cost efficiency and are working on setting up components manufacturing in India, primarily in Gujarat and Tamil Nadu, to reap the benefits promised under the new governance. Component manufacturers feel the present duties structure in India is not conducive to Continued


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growth. Says Aslam Mukadam of components manufacturer MAS Industries: â&#x20AC;&#x153;Our problem is the taxation system in India. We have multiple taxes, which makes imported material cheaper than that found in India, which is why, for products like guide rails, almost 80% of the market is made up of imports. For electronics and cabin/landing operating panels, almost 75% of the market is imports. No one wants to invest in manufacturing facilities in India because of the duties involved.â&#x20AC;? Should the Indian components market grow to be on par with imports, the ultimate benefit would be to Indian elevator manufacturers. For example, Mitra says, if brands such as Toshiba and Monarch â&#x20AC;&#x201C; market leaders in electronic components â&#x20AC;&#x201C; set up shop in India, that would be a game changer. â&#x20AC;&#x153;Those are the most significant components of the machine, and having the facility to repair and replace locally would be the biggest advantage ever,â&#x20AC;? he says. â&#x20AC;&#x153;For instance, we maintain 30% redundancy for control panels. If Monarch were to manufacture here, [it] would save on warehouse costs and additional import duties, while we would save on inventory costs.â&#x20AC;? Industry observers believe the fact that India is a price-sensitive market has led to an increase of indigenous components manufacturers and that this trend will continue. Vivek Puranik, head of sales for Wittur Elevator Components India Pvt. Ltd., says he finds the changing attitudes of importers encouraging. While actual figures may not have changed significantly, he points out, â&#x20AC;&#x153;Most of these companies are now looking inwards, and that is encouraging for Indian manufacturers. We feel more companies will set up their plants in India very soon.â&#x20AC;?

Trends With safety a big topic, British Standard-specified and -certified safety components are getting a lot of traction. Another big trend over the past 12 months has been energy efficiency, which is why gearless motors are so big in Indian elevators right now: they consume much less energy than their geared counterparts. As demand for more sophisticated elevators rises, Shankar Gopalakrishnan, head of Madras Consultancy Group (MCG), feels some consolidation will take place in the components sector, since, at present, there is too much diversity, and the number of small players may not be viable over the long term. As better technologies are in demand, there will need to be a lot of partnerships and joint ventures to improve component quality. Milind Shingate, managing director at Montanari Lifts Components Pvt. Ltd., says the major customer concerns are: â&#x2122;Śâ&#x2122;Ś Quality â&#x2122;Śâ&#x2122;Ś Reliability


ELEVATOR WORLD India â&#x20AC;˘ 1st Quarter 2015 â&#x20AC;˘

â&#x2122;Śâ&#x2122;Ś â&#x2122;Śâ&#x2122;Ś â&#x2122;Śâ&#x2122;Ś â&#x2122;Śâ&#x2122;Ś

Price Delivery time Pre- and post-sales support Brand recognition Puranik summarizes: â&#x20AC;&#x153;The positive trends that we observe are that [multinational corporations (MNCs)] want to use quality components made in India, instead of from China or Europe, and that the independent, smaller companies are willing to compete with the MNCs by procuring quality components and, thus, providing the end user with a better and safer elevator.â&#x20AC;? However, he feels that â&#x20AC;&#x153;Made in Indiaâ&#x20AC;? has yet to become a widespread reality.

As better technologies are in demand, there will need to be a lot of partnerships and joint ventures to improve component quality. Innovations Use of stainless steel has increased, since sophisticated, high-speed elevators need high-end safety mechanisms made from the best materials. Nevertheless, industry players have noticed no huge component innovations in recent years. However, Vivek says, component makers were quick to recognize the needs of the elevator companies and introduce products that make installation faster and easier, no longer requiring highly skilled labor. Components companies are also offering logistics and technical support as standard.

Whatâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s in Store The growth rate of projects in India is possibly the highest in the world next to China. Because of this, Puranik expects many more global companies to bring their products to the Indian market and open manufacturing facilities in the near future. Some other industry players see India beginning to adopt global technologies and functionalities. India still accepts geared, low-speed elevators with manual doors but is starting to come more in line with the rest of the world by demanding high-speed, gearless units with automatic doors. Shingate expects that demand to increase over the next year. Puranik sees Indian companies feeling pressure by the end of 2015, especially in the residential elevator market, as more companies (especially Japanese and South Korean) are likely to enter the market, stating, â&#x20AC;&#x153;The segment has a low entry barrier and low potential for earning through service revenue. The component industry will be in a better position due to an increase in demand for quality components and positive competition among the elevator companies.â&#x20AC;? This competition is likely to benefit customers such as builders and real-estate agencies that will đ&#x;&#x152;? probably demand, and get, better deals. â&#x20AC;&#x192;â&#x20AC;&#x201A;

Readers Platform

SNN Builders’ Raj Etternia is being launched in Bangalore.

Getting the Most out of Apartment Building Elevators Bridging the gap between good demand and excellent supply by Sanjay Shah I am sure everyone would agree elevators are an integral part of our lives, especially since today, many residences are in high-rise buildings. This makes it extremely important that the elevators we choose for our buildings are aesthetically appealing and technologically innovative, maybe even built using high-end technology and new materials to enhance the elevator experience. Elevators should also be designed to place the highest priority on passenger safety. By setting some guidelines and requirements ahead of time, builders and architects can not only streamline construction projects, but also, in the

end, offer a better and more-reliable product to the end user. As a builder, I feel the time between contract signing and the start of construction is inordinately long. This can be reduced drastically by standardizing various aspects of elevator construction. For instance, shaft sizes (which vary by manufacturer), doors and complete assembly should be independent and not require builder oversight. This includes the finished elevator façade, which could be manufactured offsite, then fixed onsite, thus saving time. Another time saver could be the use Continued


ELEVATOR WORLD India • 1st Quarter 2015 •

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ELEVATOR WORLD India • 1st Quarter 2015 •

of aluminum components, which can shorten installation from a customary six months to a year, to six to nine months. In my opinion, elevator manufacturers should incorporate certain features, such as ones related to safety and security. Generally, when an elevator gets stuck between floors, it needs manual intervention from the top floor to bring it down, which is a waste of time and energy. Instead, the safety system should be located on the ground floor so it is easily accessible by any person to rescue entrapped passengers. Generally, the alarm for a breakdown or stuck elevator is fixed in the lift pit, but it should be fixed in the security cabin to allow for immediate rescue during emergencies. Features such as security cameras and intercoms should be mandatory in all cars, as this will make passengers feel safe. Also, interior walls need to be monitored for vandalism. The automatic-rescue device usually fixed in elevators brings an elevator to the bottom floors in case of breakdowns. Today, most apartment buildings are connected to decentralized power-generation systems that enable elevators to reach the lower floors in case of power failure. But, if power doesn’t quickly resume, passengers sometimes wait for the doors to open, then open them manually. Most mobile networks become disconnected inside an elevator, which can create panic during breakdowns, so there should be mandatory power backup and a provision for connectivity. Another important power-related recommendation for elevator manufacturers is to monitor use and control consumption. On the compliance side, it should be mandatory for multistory apartment buildings to provide two elevators – one passenger lift and another able to accommodate a stretcher during a medical emergency. Also, in India, manufacturers should design interior car walls with scratch-resistant material to curb vandalism. This is a problem that even elevators in the most sophisticated residential buildings face.

By setting some guidelines and requirements ahead of time, builders and architects can not only streamline construction projects, but also, in the end, offer a better and more-reliable product to the end user.

In new complexes where most apartments are undergoing interior work in anticipation of occupancy, most construction material is carried by service lifts, which typically get damaged in the process. It would be very helpful if a vendor/partner provided some kind of packing in the car that could last at least a year to minimize damage to walls and flooring from construction materials. As an elevator-industry consumer, I appreciate how far elevator technology has come in terms of customer comfort and convenience, but I believe the above factors would enhance passengers’ sense of security and overall experience. Sanjay Shah is managing director of SNN Builders Pvt. Ltd., one of Bangalore’s best-known residential builders specializing in mid-sized residence construction.

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13th Annual CTBUH Awards Symposium “Best Tall Building,” other awards announced. by Dr. Lee Gray The 13th Annual Council on Tall Buildings and Urban Habitat (CTBUH) Awards Symposium occurred on November 6, 2014, on the campus of the Illinois Institute of Technology (IIT) in Chicago. The event consisted of three sessions (each of which included four presentations), followed by a reception and awards dinner. This event remains unique in bringing together architects, engineers and clients to discuss and celebrate the challenges and achievements associated with tall building design. CTBUH has consistently sought to find new ways to expand our understanding of tall buildings and their impact on our urban environments. Accordingly, this year’s symposium included the inauguration of two new awards: the CTBUH Performance Award and the CTBUH Urban Habitat


ELEVATOR WORLD India • 1st Quarter 2015 •

Opposite page, left: ICC Opposite page, right: Post Tower, © Marshall Gerometta, CTBUH This page, clockwise from top left: The Interlace, © CapitaLand Singapore; Cayan Tower, © Tim Griffith; and Ideo Morph 38, © Somdoon Architects

Award. The Performance Award “was established to help the tall-building industry reverse a persistent and counterproductive trend – the resistance of building owners and managers to releasing valuable performance data, particularly energy data, from which the entire industry could benefit.” The Urban Habitat Award “recognizes significant contributions to the urban realm, in connection with tall buildings. In particular, it highlights projects that demonstrate a positive contribution to the surrounding environment, add to the social sustainability of both their immediate and wider settings, and represent design influenced by context, both environmental and cultural.” The winners in these and other categories are in Table 1.

In addition to presentations that addressed the winning projects and lifetime achievement accolades, the symposium also included presentations on the United Nations (UN) Secretariat Building in New York City (Americas regional finalist) and the FKI Tower in Seoul, South Korea (Asia & Australasia regional finalist). CTBUH received 88 entries from around the world for the Best Tall Building awards. The largest number of entries was from “Asia & Australasia,” followed by “Americas,” “Europe” and “Middle East & Africa.” This year’s group of entries was remarkable in that it contained a number of renovation projects, including the Edith Green-Wendell Wyatt Federal Building and UN Secretariat Building. A second noticeable theme was the incorporation of vertical greenery (living walls) in new ways: representative Continued

• Issue 1, Volume 8 •


2014 Best Tall Building (Chosen from Regional Winners) One Central Park, Sydney, Australia Regional Best Tall Building Winners Americas: Edith Green-Wendell Wyatt Federal Building, Portland, Oregon Asia & Australasia: One Central Park Europe: De Rotterdam, Rotterdam, Netherlands Middle East & Africa: Cayan Tower, Dubai, U.A.E. Performance Award International Commerce Centre (ICC), Hong Kong, China Urban Habitat Award The Interlace, Singapore 10-Year Award Post Tower, Bonn, Germany Innovation Award BioSkin, developed by Nikken Sekkei Lynn S. Beedle Lifetime Achievement Award Douglas Durst, chairman, The Durst Organization Fazlur R. Khan Lifetime Achievement Medal Peter Irwin, founding partner, Rowan Williams Davies and Irwin, Inc.

Table 1

projects included One Central Park in Sydney; Abeno Harukas in Osaka, Japan; and Ideo Morph 38 in Bangkok. According to Jeanne Gang, awards jury chair and founding principal of Studio Gang Architects in Chicago: “The submissions this year reflect the incredible diversity of tall buildings being built around the world. Even more so, they reflect the dawning of a global recognition that tall buildings have a critical role to play in a rapidly changing climate and urban environment.” The 2014 event marked the first time an architectural firm won the overall Best Tall Building award for a second time. Ateliers Jean Nouvel, designer of One Central Park, also designed the 2012 Best Tall Building winner, Doha Tower, in Doha, Qatar. There was, in fact, a strong chance of a repeat winner of the overall title because the Office for Metropolitan Architecture (OMA) – architect of De Rotterdam – won last year for the CCTV Building in Beijing. This year, Ellen van Loon, a partner in OMA, represented the firm. At first glance, De Rotterdam appears to be the most conservative of the four regional winners. However, closer inspection reveals the subtle complexity of the building, which breaks its overall form into discrete volumes that are carefully arranged to create a dynamic design, as was observed by the awards jury, which stated: “De Rotterdam subverts accepted notions of how a skyscraper is supposed to behave. While the collective massing suggests a refined and simple monolith, the slightest change of perspective reveals secondary and tertiary complexities. Sunsets cascade through the small gaps between the offset upper volumes, as if the building is some kind of ancient timekeeping device.” Perhaps the most interesting presentations of the Symposium concerned the renovations of the Edith Green-Wendell Wyatt Federal Building and UN Secretariat Building. The former project was presented by James Cutler (founding partner, Cutler Anderson Architects) and Leslie Shepherd (chief architect, General Services Administration). Cutler, who has long been recognized for his profound commitment to sustainable design, applied his talents to a difficult challenge: the transformation of a 1974 “concrete


ELEVATOR WORLD India • 1st Quarter 2015 •

CTBUH Holds Shanghai Conference by Lee Freeland

monolith” into a 21st century “green machine.” The solution was a new building skin and roof design that created an energy-efficient building and added 9,499 m2 of new rental floor space. Gang described the project as “a significant transformation, both from a performance and urban perspective; this renovated federal building demonstrates how buildings need not be destroyed to gain new life.” A presentation on the renovation of the UN Secretariat Building was given by Michael Adlerstein (assistant secretarygeneral and executive director, UN Capital Master Plan) and John Gering (managing partner, HLW International). As it has since 2008, CTBUH published an accompanying book that highlights the award nominees and winners: Best Tall Buildings: A Global Overview of 2014 Skyscrapers. One of the Continued

Opposite page, top to bottom: De Rotterdam, © OMA, by Richard John Seymour, and The Jockey Club Innovation Tower, © Virgile Simon Bertrand This page, top to bottom: More than 500 delegates attended the daytime CTBUH Awards Symposium, featuring presentations by all the winners and featured finalists; (l-r) IIT Dean of Architecture Wiel Arets presents the team from One Central Park with the Best Tall Building Worldwide trophy. Recipients present were Wiel Arets, IIT; Bertram Beissel, Ateliers Jean Nouvel; Michael Goldrick, Frasers Property; Toru Abe, Sekisui House Australia Pty. Ltd.; and Robert Bird, Robert Bird Group.

The Council on Tall Buildings and Urban Habitat (CTBUH) had a busy week on September 16-19 in Shanghai, where it held its “Future Cities: Towards Sustainable Vertical Urbanism” event. The primary debate of the conference was to “drive thinking beyond just buildings, to considering cities as a whole.” Best practices some cities in the world are already doing, and ideas for what could be done, were examined. Additionally, Kohn Pedersen Fox Principal David Malott became CTBUH chairman, two contest results were announced, and ways to broaden council membership and improve effectiveness were debated by its leaders. The 2014 International Research Seed Funding grant was awarded to a team led by the University of Southern California School of Architecture (USC). Recipients received a grant of US$20,000 from the East China Architectural Design & Research Institute (ECADI) to conduct research on façade retrofits for tall buildings. This contest was created to assist researchers in developing projects and ideas to a level that can secure more significant funding, in the form of collaborations and joint proposals, in conjunction with CTBUH. The other contest was the Third Annual CTBUH International Student Design Competition. Sponsored by ISA Architecture, the first prize was presented by the council to the “Clean Air Tower” by Alex Balchin from the University of Nottingham. A combination of vertical architecture with industrial air-cleaning technologies and self-generated power, it is intended to make use of the stack effect to clean 8.5 million m3 of air per year for residents, office workers and citizens of Tianjin, China. The second prize was awarded to the “Vertical Aquaponic Farm” by Matthew Humphries, also of the University of Nottingham. It proposed a framework for vertical farming for a site in Singapore, which imports 97% of its food from abroad. Third place went to the “Dust-Collecting Skyscraper” by Hong Seob Ahn from the University of Seoul, which proposes an air-purifying system on a high-rise building, cleaning both indoor and outdoor air. The competition received 288 submissions from 47 countries. CTBUH has launched a website ( for its 2015 conference “Global Interchanges: Resurgence of the Skyscraper City.” The event will be held in New York City on October 26-30.

• Issue 1, Volume 8 •


consistent strengths of the organization has been providing as much information as possible about the participants involved in a particular project: from owners/developers, to architects, to engineers, to specialized consultants. The latter group includes vertical-transportation consultants: 19 such firms in 74 total submissions. A survey of the book reveals an interesting – and international – collection of firms: ♦♦ H.H. Angus & Associates, Ltd., Canada ♦♦ Coheco S.A., Ecuador ♦♦ Jappsen Ingenieure GmbH, Germany ♦♦ El-Rom Consulting Engineering, Ltd., Israel ♦♦ S. Lustig Engineers & Consultants, Ltd., Israel ♦♦ Hilson Moran, U.K. ♦♦ Fortune Consultants, Ltd., U.S. ♦♦ Lerch Bates Inc., U.S. ♦♦ Jenkins & Huntington, Inc., U.S. ♦♦ Van Deusen & Associates, U.S. ♦♦ Edgett Williams Consulting Group, Inc., U.S. ♦♦ AECOM, U.S. ♦♦ Projitech, South Africa The Best Tall Buildings book also includes information on the nominees for other awards. Products nominated for the Innovation Award included LiftEye (ELEVATOR WORLD India, 2nd Quarter 2014), developed by Stein Ltd. of St. Petersburg, Russia; the Mathematics and Mechanical Faculty of St. Petersburg State University; and LM Liftmaterial GmbH of Pliening, Germany. At the awards dinner, CTBUH named two new Fellows, who were “recognized for their contribution to the council over an extended period of time, and in recognition of their work and the sharing of their knowledge in the design and construction of tall buildings and the urban habitat.” The 2014 Fellows are Peter Weismantle (director of Supertall Building Technology at Adrian Smith + Gordon Gill Architecture) and Johannes de Jong (head of Technology, KONE). Thus, as has been the case in past CTBUH awards symposia, the vertical-transportation industry was both present and represented in a variety of ways at this important event. Dr. Lee Gray is associate dean for the College of Architecture at the University of North Carolina-Charlotte with a specialty in architectural history. He is also curator of, created by ELEVATOR WORLD.

Top to bottom: James Cutler, Cutler Anderson Architects, co-presenter for the Edith Green-Wendell Wyatt Federal Building John Gering, HLW International, co-presenter for the UN Secretariat Building Ellen van Loon, OMA, co-presenter for De Rotterdam CTBUH Fellows (l-r) Johannes de Jong (head of Technology, KONE); David Malott (CTBUH chairman); and Peter Weismantle (director of Supertall Building Technology at Adrian Smith + Gordon Gill Architecture)


ELEVATOR WORLD India • 1st Quarter 2015 •

Public Safety

Terror Compromises Safety How elevators can contribute to public safety in East Africa

by Shem Oirere The safety of commercial, industrial and government buildings in East Africa and the efficiency of its installed elevators have become matters of concern for both property owners and governments as the threat of terrorism looms large in the region. Experts and state security agents are calling for intensified surveillance and upgrading of security systems around and in the buildings, airports and key government installations as the defiant Al Qaeda-linked militant group Al Shabaab warns it could strike the structures in retaliation for the war to exterminate the terrorists from their base in the Horn of Africa’s war-ravaged Somalia. In January, Australia, the U.K., Canada and the U.S. warned that new terrorist attacks targeting city estates, airports, government buildings and crowded public places in Kenya’s capital, Nairobi, were on the way. They listed the seven targets for the terrorists as the densely

The Westgate Shopping Mall in Nairobi before the terrorist attack (photo courtesy of The Guardian).


ELEVATOR WORLD India • 1st Quarter 2015 •

populated estates of Eastleigh, Kibera, Mathare, Kasarani, East Africa’s largest airport of Jomo Kenyatta International Airport, hotels and government offices, all in Nairobi. An advisory by the Australian High Commission in Kenya warned: “Several terrorist attacks have occurred in recent months in Nairobi and Mombasa. Security services are at a high state of alert, and further attacks are likely. We continue to advise Australians to exercise a high degree of caution in Kenya overall at this time due to the high risk of terrorist attack and high crime levels in the country.”[1]

Fears Sparked by 2013 Incident Though founded on intelligence gathered over time, fears over impending terror attacks were also a result of analyses of one of East Africa’s worst terrorist attacks, on September 21, 2013, in Nairobi; August 7, 1998, bomb attacks in Nairobi and Tanzania’s capital Dar es Salaam; and back as far as to 1980, when Norfolk Hotel in Nairobi was flattened by a bomb on New Year’s Eve. Even as the first anniversary of the 2013 incident was underway, many who invested in commercial buildings and shopping centers were reminded of the opinions from experts on the need for a continuous review of current security measures to protect their buildings from the threat of terrorism and other criminal acts. “There is no question that the [Westgate] attack will impact the industry in terms of the ways that we build and operate shopping centers on the continent,” said Irwin Barkan, CEO of the Ghana-based U.S. shopping-center developer BG International.[2]


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The collapsed rooftop of the mall after the attack (photo courtesy of Jewish Telegraphic Agency)

In an interview with media late last year, Barkan added: “The Westgate attack was a message to everybody in the industry all over the world; you can’t be a shopping-center owner, developer or retailer and not take serious note of it. There is no question that the attack will impact the industry in terms of the ways that we build and operate shopping centers.”[2] Barkan was also quoted by Reuters as saying, “Shopping centers and retailers will have to spend more money on security. I hope it doesn’t get to the point where it is like getting into an airport.”[3] His view was shared by the Nairobi-based security-solutions provider Warrior Security’s CEO Tony Sugden, who said commercial property owners must invest in modern equipment and training to effectively deal with emerging security threats: “Most commercial buildings have high human traffic and a lot of valuable property housed in environments where movement is restricted by elevators and stairway.” He added that most commercial-building security threats can be tackled through careful initial design and proper management of access routes.[4] Sugden also suggested: “The security team should employ an access-control system with an associated alarm capacity. Such a system will provide visible evidence of security, prevent unauthorized intruders and deter criminals from even trying to enter. Surveillance is, in itself, a key deterrent, as is clear visibility. Visitor access to commercial buildings should also be controlled by a closed-circuit TV camera system. All deliveries should be closely monitored through one point and inspected, possibly X-rayed, and signed in.”[4] The impact of the Westgate attack on security of commercial and industrial buildings reverberated across the globe, with many countries saying the incident jolted them into action on how to tighten security on the assets and partner with property owners in protecting against attacks. Alex Yam Ziming, former Singaporean deputy prime minister and Minister for Home after the Nairobi attack, said: “The recent surprise attack by Al-Shabaab on the Westgate Mall in the Kenyan capital of Nairobi is yet another strong reminder that the terrorism threat continues to be a global and persistent security problem. The Westgate Mall attack indicates a continuing trend of terror groups attacking soft targets, including hotels, malls and schools. Soft targets are, by definition, assets that


ELEVATOR WORLD India • 1st Quarter 2015 •

are either not protected or not protected to a high level. They are usually open to the public with little access control.”[5] In some way, many modern buildings in the cities of Nairobi, Dar es Salaam, Kampala and Kigali have integrated such technology as optical turnstiles, proximity cards and video surveillance into their elevator access-control systems. To meet the anticipated demand for modern and efficient security systems for the protection of buildings, elevator company Schneider Electric, which has operations across Africa, said property owners and managers need technology such as access control, intrusion detection, and digital video surveillance. It also suggested integrating these aspects into the automated systems installed in buildings.[6] Schneider elaborated: “The best security in commercial office buildings involves more than just good choices of alarm systems, cameras and other security devices. A security system integrated into a flexible and scalable building automation system allows the building owner to use multiple security systems at once, expand applications of security for [the] least cost and protect the security-system capital investment from becoming obsolete in the near future.”[6] According to Singapore-based Securitex Electronic Systems Engineering: “Elevator security should be another area to look into seriously, as any terrorist can carry [explosives] up a high-rise building and leave it at the lift landing. Apart from [being a] serious security

The rehabilitated Cooperative Bank House, which was damaged by the 1998 bomb attack in Nairobi

Nairobi today

threat, [an] elevator that goes to [an] exclusive floor will also give exclusivity and privacy to the prestigious condominium.”[7] In a previous release, the company, however, regretted “Elevators’ security systems are always overlooked/neglected in any building project, as [such security] is rather complicated to implement, especially [for] elevators stopping at exclusive floors.”[7]

References [1] Nairobi News. “Red Alert Issued over Possible Terror Attacks” (nairobinews. [2] Shopping Centers Today. “After Massacre, Africa’s Developers Reassess Security” ( [3] Reuters. “Analysis: Nairobi Attack May Trigger Tighter Security at Malls Worldwide” ( [4] Business Daily. “Nairobi Buildings Exposed to Security Threats, Says Survey ( [5] Asia One. “Nairobi’s Terror Attack Lesson Guarding Against Similar Threats, DPM ( T. dpuf ) [6] Schneider. “Commercial Offices Security White Paper” ( white_paper.pdf ) and additional reporting from Schneider [7] Securitex Electronic Systems Engineering. “Securitex Remote Elevator Control System” ( Exclusive%20floor%20tele-controller.htm) and additional reporting from Securitex

Shem Oirere is a freelance writer who covers construction, energy and general-infrastructure sectors in Africa. He is based in Nairobi, Kenya. He holds a diploma from the London School of Journalism. Over the past 16 years, he has covered news for such national papers in Kenya as Kenya Times, The People, Weekly Review and Daily Nation. As a freelance journalist, he has written for such publications as World Highways, Engineering News Record, International Railway Journal, Windpower Monthly, Sun & Wind Energy, Water21, World Cement, Bridge & Design Engineering, Dredging and Port Construction, World Pumps and Water, and Waste Water International.

• Issue 1, Volume 8 •



Elevator Traffic Analysis: Analytical Versus Simulated The two main classifications of traffic analysis are compared and contrasted, with the work of many experts in the field cited. by Dr. Albert So and Dr. Lutfi Al-Sharif Traffic analysis is one of the three key areas associated with the study of elevator systems, along with drives and safety components. Elevator traffic analysis is fundamental to the planning and design of elevator systems. Over the years, different approaches have emerged, and they can be broadly classified into “analytical” and “simulated” categories. This article explores how these two approaches supplement each other, as well as a third approach, based on numerical methods (in effect, hybrids of the other two). CIBSE Guide D: Transportation Systems in Buildings (with the 2010 edition being the latest) has been widely used around the world (in particular, Europe and Asia) as a useful reference by elevator engineers, planners, architects, consultants and code makers. These two approaches are mentioned as two models in Chapter 3 of the Guide. The first model uses a calculation method based on mathematical formulae, usually applicable to up-peak situations. Such a classical model has been used for nearly 80 years and results in a satisfactory solution for 90-95% of designs. This model is referred to the “analytical one” in this article; in it, a designer can perform the design by hand based on the equations available. The second model, which has been in use for more than 45 years, is based on a discrete digital simulation of the movement of elevators in a building and passenger dynamics. When the Guide was prepared, simulations were considered relatively slow, but as computer technology advanced, there has been a quantum leap in the performance of simulations due to higher


ELEVATOR WORLD India • 1st Quarter 2015 •

processing power that has led to shorter simulation times. The entire process of simulation is presented in Chapter 4 of the Guide. It starts with passengers arriving at the landings, followed by registering their landing calls, boarding the elevators when they arrive and registering their car calls. It ends with passengers alighting at their destination floors. It is accepted that simulation is, by itself, a very powerful tool. However, the Guide suggests that the good practice is to start all design exercises with a traditional round-trip time (RTT) calculation for the following reasons: ♦♦ The traditional analytical methods are well proven and have stood the test of time. Any differences found between results from the two approaches could alert designers to errors in the simulation. ♦♦ Simulation is rather complicated, and it is easy for less-experienced designers to make mistakes or unknowingly miss something. ♦♦ RTT calculations are easier and faster. So, the analytical methods could help guide designers adopt solutions that are worth testing by simulation. Having said that, the Guide appreciates that simulations can model the elevator movements on a trip-by-trip basis, while the analytical method works on an “average” round trip. Moreover, simulations can evaluate passenger waiting time, transit times, dwell times, lobby times, etc., while the analytical method gives only an average interval. Simulations are much closer to “real life” and, therefore, more intuitive; they can model the supervisory

control performance and, finally, can display a wide range of tables and graphs for designers’ reference. Janne Sorsa and Dr. Marja-Liisa Siikonen are of the opinion that elevator planning for multistory buildings has been based on up-peak RTT calculation, while other traffic conditions are analyzed with elevator traffic simulation.[16] Traffic simulation is also absolutely essential when planning advanced elevator systems for which standard up-peak equations do not apply. Such an opinion is in line with the Guide.

Analytical Calculations There are two approaches here: namely, derivations from first principle or from empirical formulae. As discussed earlier in this article, the underpinning consideration of the analytical approach is the RTT evaluation during an up-peak condition. The most widely used equation for such condition (noted in the Guide and works by Dr. Gina Barney[5 & 7]) is:

Here, tv = df/v, where df is the interfloor distance, v is the rated speed of the car, P is the number of passengers in the car, and ts (called “stopping time”) is tf(1) + to + tc – tv. (tf(1) is the singlefloor flight time representing the time of acceleration and deceleration, to is the door-opening time, and tc is the door-closing time.) H is the highest reversal floor of the typical round trip; S is the expected number of stops of the trip. H (first derived by J. Schroeder[13]) and S (first derived by Basset Jones[9]) are given below. For non-uniform population distribution around the building with N number of floors (excluding the ground floor), Ui is the possible number of occupants at the ith floor, with i running from 1 to N.

when S >> 1.[14 & 15] The average up-peak journey time spent by a passenger from the moment he or she arrives at the lobby of the main terminal until exiting the elevator at his or her destination floor (UPAJT), is equal to the sum of UPATT and the up-peak average waiting time, UPAWT. Equations above have been derived from first principle without any data from onsite traffic surveys. The equation above assumes a plentiful supply of passengers in the lobby and that there are always passengers (P) available to board the elevator when an elevator arrives at the main lobby to pick up passengers. The equation must be modified to account for a Poisson passenger arrival process. Poisson distribution is a discrete probability distribution that gives the probability of a given number of events occurring in a fixed interval of time and/or space, provided that events occur with a known average rate and are time independent. A discrete random variable (X), usually an integer indicating the number of particular events, said to be Poisson distributed with a positive real parameter (λ) can be given by the following equation, with k = 0, 1, 2, . . .:

λ is the arrival rate, in events per second or passengers per second. Hence, the shape of the distribution curve is dependent on the value of the parameter λ. It is interesting to know that both the mean and variance of the Poisson distribution are equal to λ. A second type of analytical calculation belongs to the class of empirical formulae based on curve fitting from a pool of data collected during onsite traffic surveys or simulations (i.e., statistics based). For example, the UPAWT formulae suggested by Barney represent this type:[6]

Here, UPINT stands for up-peak interval; CC stands for contract capacity of the car, and P is as previously defined. If U1 = U2 = ….. = UN = U/N (i.e., uniform population distribution around the building with a total population, U), the two equations are simplified to:

The average time, during up-peak, taken by a passenger to travel from the ground floor or the main terminal to the destination floor is called “up-peak average travel time” (UPATT), given by: which can be simplified to:

Simulations In addition to its use for system planning and design, simulation is also widely used for assessing group control algorithms.[2, 8 & 12] Simulation is either implemented as time-sliced simulation[11] or discrete event simulation.[1] There are different simulators available on the market. One popular software tool to use as an example for a more detailed discussion is Elevate.[10] During the simulation, all events are advanced by fixed size time slices (say, 0.1 s.), and, as time advances, events change, traced by the computer program. Events include patterns of passenger arrival at different landings: passenger demand, traffic patterns, registration of landing calls, car movement, boarding and leaving the car, registration of car calls, etc. Different simulation results are obtained when the passenger demand changes from low to high, but the initial conditions should remain unchanged. And, a simulation should last long enough to


• Issue 1, Volume 8 •


make the results stable enough and usable by the designers. Useful results may include RTT, handling capacity, passenger waiting time (minimum, average or peak), passenger travel time (minimum, average or peak), average number of stops, average highest reversal floor, passenger transfer time, etc. The art of object-oriented programming (OOP) has been adopted. In an object, both the variables and functions are grouped together, the behavior of which is defined by the class to which it belongs. Each object is, thus, an “instance” of a class. In Elevate, there are different classes, such as “building class,” which comprises the number of floors, array of floor heights, etc.; “motion class” is comprised of the rated speed, rated acceleration, motor start-up delay, etc.; “elevator class” is comprised of the contract capacity, door opening/closing time, etc.; “dispatcher class” is comprised of the dispatcher algorithm, up landing calls, down landing calls, etc.; and “person class” is comprised of the arrival floor, destination floor, passenger weight, etc. Furthermore, users are allowed to build their own dispatching algorithms into the simulation for comparison of performances. It is expected that this simulation tool could be used in the future to run in parallel with a real elevator system for benchmarking all traffic parameters and assessing satisfactory performance.

Numerical Methods Any tool used to assess the efficacy of an elevator group control algorithm must meet the following four requirements:[3] ♦♦ Repeatable: the original designer must be able to get the same result over a number of runs of the same system with the same parameters. ♦♦ Reproducible: other designers/users must be able to get the same results as the originator of the group control algorithm. ♦♦ Transparent: the user should be able to easily understand how the group control algorithm works, how it has been implemented and which parameters have been assumed, as well as the values used for each parameter. ♦♦ Objective: the tool must be an objective one that will allow comparisons between different group control algorithms under similar conditions. While it is accepted that simulation is a powerful tool for assessing the effectiveness of elevator group control algorithms and can deal with the most complicated conditions and scenarios, it sometimes cannot meet all these requirements. Furthermore, suppose there are L elevators in the group, and each can carry P number of passengers. Every passenger has a destination floor. It can be shown that the number of unique possible solutions could be up to , which is an astronomical figure.[4] For example, a building 10 stories high with five elevators each carrying 12 passengers could have up to 3.3 X 1098 solutions, which could not be handled by any supercomputer in the world. By numerical methods,[3] a sample of possible scenarios is taken and handled by Monte Carlo simulation, and the final judgment is based on heuristics, or rules of thumb. The following steps outline how numerical methods are carried out: 1) A new scenario is generated using a random scenario generator so that each passenger is randomly assigned to a floor with the probabilities linked to the floor populations.


ELEVATOR WORLD India • 1st Quarter 2015 •

2) For each possible scenario generated in step 1, the most suitable solution is found by heuristic methods or by using random search techniques. 3) Steps 1 and 2 are repeated until a large number of scenarios have been considered (say, 10,000 or even 100,000), still compatible with the capacity of a good personal computer. 4) Once done, the average value of the best solution for all the scenarios is calculated and used as a representative assessment of the group control algorithm.

Conclusion The three approaches of elevator traffic analysis (analytical, simulated and numerical) have been discussed. The numerical method could be thought of as a merger between a limited number of simulation scenarios and analytical equations. The analytical method has been used for decades and is well proven, having gained the trust of building owners, users, designers and architects. Simulation is more realistic and better reflects what actually happens with an elevator system serving a real building. Currently, an International Organization for Standardization (ISO) Technical Committee (TC), ISO/TC 178/SC/WG6, chaired by Siikonen, is working on the draft ISO 4190-6, which is about the planning and selection of passenger elevators for use in office buildings, hotels and residential buildings. It is apparent the TC honors both calculation methods based on up-peak RTT equations and guided simulations. A validation on the up-peak RTT equations by both simulated up-peak traffic and measured data of real up-peak traffic was conducted in 2014.[16] It was shown that both the simulation and real situation fulfilled the assumptions of the analytical up-peak theory. The results reveal the theoretical up-peak calculation accurately represents real traffic only if the equations are based on passenger batches, instead of individual passengers. In the conclusion, the article states that calculation has to be conducted with realistic elevator parameters and passenger transfer times. As a final remark, your authors are of the opinion that both calculations and simulations are essential in elevator system traffic design and analysis. As computer technology advances, simulation time, whether time sliced, event based or numerical, is getting shorter and shorter, while results from simulations can give us real and trustworthy information to allow the design of elevator systems to handle different kinds of traffic conditions. On the other hand, a quick calculation must be performed well before a simulation is conducted. We would like to quote Barney’s speech as recorded in the May 2007 “CIBSE Traffic Analysis & Simulation Open Forum Report” to end this article: “Barney was also worried about the overreliance on simulation vis-à-vis traffic calculations. She considered that designers should understand their art properly. This understanding is best approached by carrying out a few simple calculations. She did agree, however, that the final results should always be confirmed by simulation, as calculations are precisely mathematically derived and often bear no resemblance to a simulation.”

References [1] Al-Adem, Mohamed D. Discrete Event Simulation of Multi-Car Elevator Systems, final year graduation project, University of Jordan, 2012.

[2] Al-Sharif, Lutfi and Al-Adhem, Mohamed D. “The current practice of lift traffic design using calculation and simulation”, Building Services Engineering Research and Technology, Vol. 35, No. 4, 2013. [3] Al-Sharif, Lutfi; Hussein, M.; Malak, M.; and Tuffaha, D. “The use of numerical methods to evaluate the performance of up-peak group control algorithms”, Elevator Technology 20: Proceedings of Elevcon 2014, International Association of Elevator Engineers (IAEE), 2014. [4] Al-Sharif, L.; Hamdan, J.; Hussen, M.; Jaber, Z.; Malak, M.; Riyal, A.; AlShawabkeh, M.; and Tuffaha, D. “Establishing the upper performance limit of destination elevator group control using idealised optimal benchmarks (IOB),” submitted for review in Building Services Engineering Research & Technology, March 2014. [5] Barney, G.C. and dos Santos, S.M. Elevator Traffic Analysis, Design and Control, 2nd Edition, IEE, Peter Peregrinus Ltd., London, 1985. [6] Barney G.C. “Uppeak revisited”, Elevator Technology 4: Proceedings of Elevcon 1992, IAEE, 1992. [7] Barney, G.C. Elevator Traffic Handbook: Theory and Practice, Spon Press, Taylor & Francis, London, 2003. [8] Hakonen, H. and Siikonen, M. “Elevator traffic simulation procedure”, Elevator Technology 17: Proceedings of Elevcon 2008, IAEE, 2008. [9] Jones, Basset. “The probable number of stops made by an elevator,” GE Review, Vol. 26, 1923. [10] Peters, Richard. “Current technology and future developments in elevator simulation,” International Journal of Elevator Engineers, Vol. 4, No. 2, 2002. [11] Peters Research, Elevate: Elevator Traffic Analysis & Simulation Software. “Getting Started,” Version 8, 2010. [12] Peters, Richard. “The application of simulation to traffic design and dispatcher testing,” Proceedings of the Third Symposium on Lift and Escalator Technologies, University of Northampton, 2013. [13] Schroeder J. “Personenaufzuege,” Foerden und Heben, Vol. 1, 1955. [14] So, Albert T.P. and Suen, Wilson S.M. “New formula for estimating average travel time,” Elevatori, Vol. 31, No. 4, 2002. [15] So, A.T.P. and Suen, W.S.M. “Assessment of real-time lift traffic performance,” Building Services Engineering, Research & Technology, Vol. 23, No. 3, 2002. [16] Sorsa, Janne and Siikonen, Marja-Liisa, “Up-peak roundtrip time in theoretical calculation, traffic simulation and reality,” Elevator Technology 20: Proceedings of Elevcon 2014, IAEE, 2014.

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• Issue 1, Volume 8 •



ISO TC 178 Plenary Meeting in South


Blooms in, around Pretoria herald productive meetings; “Big Five” spotted.

by Louis Bialy

“Once you have tasted the waters of Africa, you will always be thirsty until you drink them again.” This old African saying has special meaning for your author, who was born and raised in South Africa and spent many formative years there. Your author left South Africa in 1976 at a time when apartheid was at its worst and the prospects for a peaceful resolution were dim, indeed. Having returned to South Africa on numerous occasions, your author is encouraged each time by the progress that has been made and the degree of reconciliation that has been achieved. This time was no exception, and the evidence of progress was present in all walks of life. South Africa is a very beautiful country any time of year and particularly so in the springtime, as illustrated by the avenues of Jacaranda trees in full bloom that adorn the city and suburbs of Pretoria and Johannesburg. The rich purple blossoms glow in the brilliant sunshine, lending a sense of serenity to the environment. The exotic flora in the beautiful gardens of the Leribe Resort where the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) Technical Committee (TC) 178 Plenary Meeting was held on October 20-24, 2014, was a constant reminder that this is a very special place. The countryside was adorned by myriad multicolored wildflowers symbolizing the freshness of

new growth, new energy and new hope in this once-tortured land. The beauty of the flora is matched by the elegance and diversity of the fauna, as witnessed by the attendees, who took a day trip to the Pilansberg nature reserve near Pretoria. Among the many species of game and birdlife that frequent the park, several guests were lucky enough to see some of the “Big Five”: elephant, rhinoceros, buffalo, lion and leopard. They are so named as the prized trophies of hunters of bygone years but nowadays treasured as images on tourists’ cameras.

Welcome Reception During the welcome reception at Leribe, Helen Temple, senior manager of Standards Development at the South African Bureau of Standards (SABS), which hosted the plenary, used the “Big Five” as a metaphor for some of the basic tenets of SABS mantra for standards development: ♦♦ Teamwork ♦♦ Listen to each other ♦♦ Speak up and share your views ♦♦ Commitment to the task ahead and fellow workers ♦♦ Dedication to the organization Temple suggested these principles were applicable to the meetings and tasks before us. She indicated that one of the lessons learned in the new South Africa was that

Top: The Farm Inn resort near Pretoria, where attendees had a South African dinner and a lesson in rhythmic drums, handclapping and dancing: (l-r) P. Gurumoorthy (India), Peter Murray (South Africa) and Jacob Malatse (South African DoL) Left: (l-r) Malatse and your author enjoy a lighter moment at The Farm Inn.


ELEVATOR WORLD India • 1st Quarter 2015 •

more is achieved by harmony and cooperation than by any one group dominating another. Cooperation often means compromise, and this leads to progress. SABS was established by an Act of Parliament in 1945. An agency of the Department of Trade and Industry, it is the national institution for the promotion and maintenance of standards and quality. SABS maintains 6,500 national standards and represents South Africa in ISO and the International Electro-technical Commission (IEC). SABS was a founding member of ISO and currently holds the secretariat for

SADCSTAN, the standardization body for the 14-nation Southern African Development Community. Temple introduced and thanked the core team that planned and organized this major event: Bruno Isler, chair, SABS TC 1082; Peter Murray, member, TC 1082; Lerato Magalo, program manager, Engineering and Building, SABS; Patrick Qwabe, team leader, Mechanical, SABS; and Thembi Hlongwane, International Relations officer, SABS. The welcome reception was also attended by Mohlakola Monyaki, a specialist from the South African Department of Labour (DoL), who

explained that the DoL is the regulating authority responsible for the adoption and enforcement of safety codes. The DoL is also very involved with occupant health and safety in building structures, as well as worker safety during construction and maintenance activities. The elevator industry is a very important aspect of such activities, and international approaches to safety are of great interest.

Working Group Meetings Preceding the Plenary Committee Meeting were: Working Group (WG) 4: Safety Requirements and Risk Assessment, Continued

Clockwise from left: • Giraffes at the Pilansberg Nature Reserve could tell you, “There’s a knack to necking!” • A hot hippo asks “How’s the water?” at the Pilansberg Nature Reserve, near Pretoria. • The ISO TC 178 Plenary Committee is truly international.

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convened by David McColl (Canada); WG 5: Escalator Safety Requirements, convened by Edip Kaci (Turkey); and WG 6: Evacuation and Lift Dimensions, convened by Ari Ketonen (Finland). The main purpose of these meetings was to continue the work assigned to the WGs, prepare updates on the status of the work and develop positions for presentation to the Plenary Committee.

Plenary Meeting The Plenary Committee Meeting was opened in English and French on October 23 by Christian De Mas Latrie, chair of TC 178. He reminded the attendees that though English, French and Russian are official ISO languages, that this meeting would be conducted in English only. He also reminded the attendees that this was the 26th plenary meeting. While such meetings had been held in many parts of the world, this was the first time it was held in Africa. De Mas Latrie emphasized the fact that this meeting was very important, as South Africa is a major gateway to the African continent, which is becoming a significant player in the lift industry and will continue to grow in importance. He expressed his thanks to the SABS team for the professional organization of the event. After welcoming attendees to South Africa, Magalo indicated SABS was very

South Africa is a major gateway to the African continent, which is becoming a significant player in the lift industry and will continue to grow in importance. proud to host this meeting, the first in the Southern Hemisphere. She affirmed the commitment of SABS to ISO and thanked Isler and Murray for their hard work as volunteers, as well as the SABS staff. She also introduced Jacob Malatse, director, Electrical and Mechanical Engineering, DoL.


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Eva Contival, Secretary of TC 178, initiated the roll call of delegates to the meeting. There were 39 delegates from 15 countries and the Pacific Asia Lift and Escalator Association (PALEA). The chair presented a summary of TC 178 membership, marketing and key information. There are approximately 50 member countries, of which approximately 25 are “p” (voting) members. The largest annual volume of new-equipment installations is taking place in the AsiaPacific area, while the largest installed base remains in Europe. The value of the world market for new equipment and service exceeds US$66 billion per annum. ISO TC 178 presently comprises seven active working groups. TC 178 authored 33 published standards, of which five are under revision. Eight new standards are in the process of development. TC 178 maintains liaisons with 11 technical committees in ISO, IEC and other standards-developing entities.

Resolutions The TC 178 Plenary Committee Meeting was very productive and resulted in lively discussion and debate. Twentyeight resolutions were approved during the meeting, some of the more noteworthy of which are described below.

Risk Assessment and PerformanceBased Standards Resolutions were approved to confirm ISO 14798 Risk Assessment and Reduction Methodology, update references in ISO 22559-1 Global Essential Safety Requirements, and submit ISO DTS 22559-2 Global Safety Parameters and ISO DTR 22559-5 Convergence of Lift Requirements for approval. The first three documents are suitable for utilization in performance-based codes, such as ASME A17.7/CSA B44.7. The fourth document provides a comparison of code requirements for several safety components between major codes currently in use, including recommendations that will lead to the convergence of requirements.

Electrical Standards Resolutions were also approved to fully harmonize ISO 22199 and ISO 22200 with

CEN EN 12015 and EN 12016 so as to develop a single set of globally relevant electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) standards. Further resolutions were taken to compare the ISO and national standards for PESSRAL and PESSRAE, respectively, and document the comparison in revised versions of ISO 22201 and ISO 22201-2.

Guide Rails Resolutions were approved to apply a standstill to the revision work on the ISO 7465 standard for elevator guide rails for the moment, as there is no demand for its modification. It was pointed out that there may be some errors in the standard. This will be investigated and, if necessary, will be used as a basis for the revision of the standard.

Prescriptive Standards for Lift Safety Many major countries would prefer to have a prescriptive ISO standard, rather than the one currently in use. In support of this need, ISO TC 178 passed Resolution 341/2011 in Moscow in 2011. It is intended as a basis by which to study the development of an ISO standard based on EN 81, which is the most common standard in current use. In response to this resolution, WG 4 developed a proposal for a prescriptive standard, while providing for the needs of all users. This approach involves the creation of ISO 22559-X/Y based on EN 81-20/50 and (for the portions of the codes where the scopes overlap) the creation of ISO 22559-Z, which contains Part A: identification of specific requirements (“Section” and “Requirement” numbers only) for A17.1/ B44 and Part B: specific requirements for BSLJ/JIS. All documents are to be cross-referenced and published simultaneously. In addition, an introduction will explain the process to be used in attaining equivalent safety to the A17.1/B44 and BSLJ/JIS codes for portions where the scopes overlap. A narrative explaining the proposal and a roadmap outlining the steps and timetable were developed by WG 4. Based upon this proposal, ISO/TC 178 passed a resolution to launch a ballot to obtain approval of ISO TC 178 members of the roadmap, accompanying narrative and actions for ISO 22559-X, Y and Z.

Existing Lifts Concern was expressed with the process of developing a standard for existing lifts. A resolution was thus approved to instruct WG 11 to verify and expand its member list and prepare a revised version of ISO PNP 18235 within 12 months. The revised draft shall include an annex explaining how the standard should be used to enhance safety of existing lifts in various areas. The ISO TC 178 secretariat will launch a call for experts on the TC level.

Chair and Conveners A resolution was passed to reappoint Christian De Mas Latrie as chair of TC 178 for a further period of three years. Resolutions were also approved to reappoint McKee, McColl, Kaci, Ketonen, Robibero and Casteleyn as conveners of WGs 2, 4, 5, 6, 8 and 11, respectively. Ian Todkill (PALEA) announced he is in the process of reducing his workload and will, thus, not be available to chair WG 10 in the future. The committee approved a resolution to thank Todkill for his hard work and dedication. A further resolution was approved to appoint Barry Blackaby (U.S.) to the position of convener of WG 10: Energy Standards.

Future Meetings A discussion was held on the location of the next two plenary sessions. Chris Jones, head of the Australian delegation, gave a detailed presentation on behalf of the Australian Standards Association (ASA) offering to hold the next meeting in Sydney. Jones indicated that funding was already approved, and a venue had been arranged. Abhijit Dandekar, head of the Indian delegation, gave a brief presentation offering to hold the next meeting in New Delhi. The committee appreciated the fact that two viable offers had been made, and that there was so much interest in hosting future meetings. After considerable discussion, the committee approved a resolution to gratefully accept the proposal from the ASA to host ISO TC 178 and its WGs for its next plenary meeting on April 11-15, 2016, with the plenary starting on April 14 in Sydney. The Indian delegation graciously offered to host the subsequent plenary meeting in New Delhi. Based on this, the committee approved a further

TC 178 chair and WG Convenors with the South African team: (back) Mohlakola Monyaki (DoL and TC 1082). Middle Row (L to R): Ian Todkill (WG 10); Ari Ketonen (WG 6); Edip Kaci (WG 5); Christian De Mas Latrie (Chair, TC 178); Chris Jones (WG 9); David McColl (WG 4); Lerato Magalo (SABS); Helen Temple (SABS); Thembi Hlongwane (SABS); (front row, l-r) Billy Mathebula (SABS); Patrick Qwabe (SABS and TC 1082); Peter Murray (TC 1082); and Bruno Isler (Chair TC 1082).

resolution to gratefully accept the proposal from the Bureau of Indian Standards to host ISO TC 178 and its working groups for its plenary meeting at the end of September 2017 in New Delhi.

Harmony at The Farm Inn There were many opportunities for social contact and bonding throughout the week of the plenary and WG meetings. One of the highlights was a dinner held at The Farm Inn, a country hotel some distance from Pretoria. All attendees were invited by Dr. Sadhvir Bissoon, executive: Standards of SABS. The venue was beautiful and the cuisine superb. A traditional South African braaivleis (barbecue) was provided, and the group was given a hands-on lesson in African drum rhythms, as well as rhythmic handclapping and dance. It was amazing to see how quickly a diverse group from so many different cultures and backgrounds could bond and harmonize. Suffice it to say, all enjoyed the experience. This fun experience evoked some deeper thoughts, expressed by Malatse, who advocated that harmony has many forms: the harmony of nature as a whole, the harmony of people and nature and the harmony of people with people. From harmony comes partnership and progress!

Concluding Thoughts When the chair finally closed the meeting, he commended the committee

on the progress made. He pointed out that it was appropriate that bold steps with far-reaching consequences had been made in a place where a history of making monumental decisions exists. Indeed, there was an atmosphere in the closing moments that this was not any ordinary meeting – as if everyone present had grown in ways they never imagined as a result of the warmth and spirit of South Africa. Your author, for one, having come and gone many times, knew that while this would be one of the hardest times to leave, something big had been accomplished. The words of Nelson Mandela come to mind: “Everyone can rise above the circumstances and achieve success if they are dedicated to and passionate about what they do!”

Louis Bialy is a professional engineer who began the consultancy Louis Bialy & Associates LLC after retiring from Otis on December 31, 2013. His 34-year career in the elevator industry includes serving as head of Otis Worldwide Codes & Standards for more than 20 years. The recipient of many Otis and industry awards, including being honored as an Otis Fellow in 2006, Bialy holds various patents in the elevator and other industries. He has been a member and leader of key International Organization for Standardization (ISO) and American Society of Mechanical Engineers committees. He is currently head of the U.S. delegation to ISO TC 178.

• Issue 1, Volume 8 •



The Unenviable Job of Ensuring Lift Safety in India Though difficult to carry out, the standards enforced in many parts of the country protect passengers to a high degree. by Kanika Goswami


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In terms of tools of trade, IS 14665:1999 Part 5 and a short abstract of the Bombay Lift Act 1939 and Bombay Lift Rules 1958 prepared by the lift inspectorate are preferred for the inspection of lifts. Bhasme opines: “There are different types of lifts; for the inspectorate, it is not economically viable to provide tools onsite for inspections. Inspection schedule is intimated to the owner/lift contractor, and he shall afford all reasonable facilities to the officer for inspecting a lift and whenever ordered to do so under Section 8A of [the Bombay] Lift Act 1939.” The duties and expectations from a lift inspector are pretty clear cut. As Prashant N. Gandhi, chief electrical inspector and collector of electricity duty, Gujarat State, says, “In Gujarat, the elevators are regulated under the Gujarat Lifts and Escalators Act, 2000 and the rules made thereunder. The rules cover safety provisions like maximum and minimum dimensions, earthing provision, testing, etc.” With the number of elevators rising steadily, the process needs a strong and efficient hierarchy, as well. Gujarat has one, as do most Indian states. Shares Gandhi: “In Gujarat, we are inspecting each and every lift for compliance with the rules, and only after the fulfillment of the requirements, we are issuing the license. There are four zones in the state, each headed by [a] deputy chief electrical inspector. As chief inspector of lifts, every deputy chief electrical inspector has to


With the number of elevators in India set to touch 100,000 over the next two years, the jobs of those who need to ensure their security features and compliance cannot be an easy one. Lift inspectors, ably assisted by Indian standards and regulations, are helping by setting some clear and unambiguous regulations. Your author spoke to the department heads of lift inspectors’ of two states in India: Maharashtra, which has the most elevators running, and Gujarat, the manufacturing and OEM hub. For such a geographically diverse country, setting safety standards and sticking with them will certainly not be an easy process. The only way thus far has been to have a proper hierarchy in place, wherein every lift inspector is assigned an area and follows a strict process. Speaking on how the inspectors function, Sanjay Bhasme, executive engineer (electrical), Maharashtra Public Works Department, the jurisdiction under which the elevator inspectors’ jobs purview lies, shares: “The lift inspector inspects lifts physically [and] takes tests from a safety point of view (i.e., final limits, overspeed governor, landingand car-door operation, leveling, etc.). Defects are recorded, any malfunctioning, etc. is noted, and [a] recommendation is served onsite to the lift owner. Serious defects like wear and tear of [the] main suspension rope, overspeed governor safety not working, leveling [or] defective landing-/car-door locks are again intimated to the lift owner and served from the office to rectify the defects in [the] specified time. Re-inspection is done after a specified time to see whether the defects are rectified properly.”

Lift Standards in India

In India, there are clear regulations on the security and safety of lift passengers. Besides the following Indian Standards (IS), some states have their own lift rules and regulations. Most are based on the Bombay Lift Act 1939 and Bombay Lift Rules 1958. â&#x2122;Śâ&#x2122;Ś IS 14665: Part 1: 2000 Electric Traction Lifts â&#x20AC;&#x201C; Part 1: Guidelines for Outline Dimensions of Passenger, Goods, Service and Hospital Lifts â&#x2122;Śâ&#x2122;Ś IS 14665: Part 2: Electric Traction Lifts â&#x20AC;&#x201C; Part 2: Code of Practice Sections 1 and 2: 2000 for Installation, Operation and Maintenance, including Section 1: Passenger and Goods Lifts and Section 2: Service Lifts â&#x2122;Śâ&#x2122;Ś IS 14665: Part 3: Electric Traction Lifts â&#x20AC;&#x201C; Part 3: Safety Rules Sections 1 and 2: 2000, including Section 1: Passenger and Goods Lifts and Section 2: Service Lifts â&#x2122;Śâ&#x2122;Ś IS 14665: Part 4: Electric Traction Lifts â&#x20AC;&#x201C; Part 4: Components Sections 1-9: 2001, including Section 1: Lift Buffers, Section 2: Lift Guide Rails and Guide Shoes, Section 3: Lift Car Frame, Car, Counterweight and Suspension and Section 4: Lift Safety Gears and Governors â&#x2122;Śâ&#x2122;Ś IS 14665: Part 5: 1999 Electric Traction Lifts â&#x20AC;&#x201C; Specification Part 5: Inspection Manual â&#x2122;Śâ&#x2122;Ś IS 14671: 1999 Code of Practice for Installation and Maintenance of Hydraulic Lifts â&#x2122;Śâ&#x2122;Ś IS 15259: 2002 Installation and Maintenance of Home Lifts â&#x20AC;&#x201C; Code of Practice â&#x2122;Śâ&#x2122;Ś IS 15330: 2003 Installation and Maintenance of Lifts for Handicapped Persons â&#x20AC;&#x201C; Code of Practice â&#x2122;Śâ&#x2122;Ś IS 15785: 2007 Installation and Maintenance of Lifts without Conventional Machine Rooms â&#x20AC;&#x201C; Code of Practice, NBC, DCR

required to meet inspection requirements of the increasing installations, engineers are deputed from the electrical-inspection wing. Hence, the actual increase in the number is minimal. Likewise, each state has its own inspecting authority and licensing procedure per its own rules. In the neighbouring state of Gujarat, the threat of overwork is alleviated differently. This is safe, Bhasme feels: â&#x20AC;&#x153;Looking to the rise in elevators, the said act is amended in year 2013, which enables the government to appoint any person as [an inspector] of lifts, subject to the fulfillment of the requirements mentioned in the rules.â&#x20AC;? This allows the hiring of inspectors as soon as the need arises to prevent the number of inspectors from falling short of requirements in the state. In a country like India, where rules and regulations are flouted on a regular basis, to what degree is compliance being made? Bhasme feels that in Gujarat, there is strict code in place, which is being followed stringently; it is, after all, a question of citizen safety: â&#x20AC;&#x153;To fulfill the need of [the] growing lift industry, it is necessary to update the standards and codes accordingly. I.e., we were using lifts with 0.6-0.7 mps, but now, due to increased heights of the buildings, speed requirements are different. To meet the demand necessary, amendments are done in codes. Recently, we have made use of overload devices and automatic rescue devices (ARDs) compulsory. It is a fact that, except for the capital, Mumbai, the rest of [the] state regularly faces power cuts and load shedding. In case of sudden power failure, ARDs ensure the safety of passengers trapped inside the lift in such unforeseen situations. The accountability of lift owners/cooperative societies regarding lift maintenance cannot be overlooked. Proper maintenance contracts with licensed lift contractors [should be made]. Priority is given to the comprehensive maintenance of lifts that ensures safety of passengers.â&#x20AC;? The industry has a very active role to play in ensuring compliance enforcement. In August 2014, Schindler conducted a two-day specialized workshop on Elevator Technologies at its Technical Training Centre in Bangalore, India. Chief Electrical Inspector of Karnataka, India, D.H. Basavaraju organized this session with Schindler, for the benefit of the stateâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s lift inspectors. The session was attended by 22 lift inspectors and conducted by eight Schindler trainers. It lasted for two days and covered various technical and safety aspects of elevators and escalators, while focusing on safety compliance with reference to such codes and standards as NBC 2005, IS 14665 and EN 81, in addition to traffic analysis and ride-comfort requirements. As far as the present regulations are concerned, Bhasme feels the present system of inspection is excellent. He says: â&#x20AC;&#x153;Our inspectors had made compliance of defects mandatory. The number of accidents among the more than 100,000 lifts installed in Maharashtra state have fallen from five fatal and nine nonfatal ones in 2011-2012 to two fatal and five nonfatal ones in 2013-2014. The firm observance of [the] lift act, rules and Indian đ&#x;&#x152;? Standards (IS) for beneficial use has made this possible.â&#x20AC;?â&#x20AC;&#x192;â&#x20AC;&#x201A;


issue permission for [the] erection of lifts, [and the] inspection and licensing of lifts. All the work is carried out as per the Gujarat Lifts and Escalators Act, 2000 and the rules made under the regulations.â&#x20AC;? Over the next three years, the number of elevators in the country is expected to triple to almost 100,000, and the situation may be that of too many lifts and too few inspectors. Will it come to pass where the existing inspectors will be overburdened? Bhasme denies this risk: â&#x20AC;&#x153;The major role of lift inspectors is to investigate lift accidents. Lift complaints [are] also answered under their jurisdiction. The average inspection time required for an engineer for a lift is about 2 hr. (i.e., four lifts per day and counting 24 average [work] days in [a month], per-month inspections carried out can easily touch 100). So, in one calendar year, an engineer carrys out about 1,000-1,200 lift inspections. In the state of Maharashtra, we have two to four electrical inspectors (lifts), five to eight assistant electrical inspectors (lifts) and about eight assistant/sectional/ junior engineers for lift inspection. In Maharashtra alone, each lift inspector inspects more than 1,000-1,200 elevators annually. [The number of ] lifts [is] increasing at the rate of 5-7% per year in the state.â&#x20AC;? In reality, it is a fact that among all lift installations, 4-5% are under repair/replacement at any given time. In addition, when

â&#x20AC;˘ Issue 1, Volume 8 â&#x20AC;˘



title EURO-LIFT 2014 Poland deck

128 enterprises successfully showcase in Kielce.


by Berkay Mumoğlu and Monika Kowalczyk An important industrial hub, Kielce, Poland, hosted the third International Lifts Exhibition EURO-LIFT 2014 on October 22–24, 2014. The biannual event was organized by PSPD (Polish Association of Lift Manufacturers) and the Administrator Monthly. Its 128 exhibitors came from not only Poland, but from Germany, Italy, Turkey, the Czech Republic, Spain, China, the U.S., Switzerland, South Korea, Greece and Belgium. Besides lift companies, prestigious industry associations, such as the European Lift Association (ELA), the Italian Association of Lift Component Manufacturers (ANICA) and the National Association of Elevator Contractors (from the U.S.) also participated in the event. Continued


ELEVATOR WORLD India • 1st Quarter 2015 •

Exhibits â&#x20AC;˘ Issue 1, Volume 8 â&#x20AC;˘


Exhibits 92

ELEVATOR WORLD India • 1st Quarter 2015 •



The fact that 60% of the expo’s exhibitors came from abroad exemplifies many foreign vertical-transportation companies’ attraction to Poland’s developed market. The 5,000 m2 reserved for the expo attracted nearly 2,000 attendees, who viewed displays including drives, cabins, ropes, doors, controllers, surveillance and safety systems, operating and maintenance systems, indicators, hydraulic solutions, accessories and trade publications. The exhibition started with a gala ceremony attended by guests of honor. Afterward, a seminar titled “World without Barriers – Elimination of Architectural Barriers” was held. Main topics were European Union requirements on lift adaptations for the needs of the disabled, necessary changes to construction-sector regulations, opportunities for equalization in access to buildings and assistance in architectural barrier liquidation. Opening speeches were made by Vice President of the Architects Chamber Piotr Gadomski and PSPD Secretary General Tadeusz Popielas. Seminars included presentations by ELA Chairman Philippe Lamalle, Pawel Rajewski (UDT), Wojciech Gwizdak (SARP), Krzystof Kosinski (Government Plenipotentiary for Disabled People), Jolanta Budny (SARP), Wlodzimierz Tracz (SARP), Jadwiga Irla (PFRO Świętokrzyskie Branch), Robert Chudzik (UDT), Dr. Wojciech Rogowski (SARP), Piotr Pawlowski (Integration Association) and Justyna Mrzyczek (Chartered Institution of Building Services Engineers Lifts Group). Lamalle expressed ELA’s support of EUROLIFT and spoke of the importance of Poland for the elevator industry. He also explained the theme of ELA Congress 2014, which took place earlier in the year in Amsterdam, the Netherlands, under the theme “A Safe Ride at the Heart of the Building.” He also presented impressive examples of market knowledge, such as the number of new lifts installed globally each year (875,000) and that roughly 20% of those are in Europe. Poland’s part in this figure is significant, with 5,200 such units. Lamalle also explained that many innovations will soon be covered by the new EN 81-20 and 81-50 (ELEVATOR WORLD, June 2014), and that it will facilitate further innovations in the coming years. As far as the lift and escalator portfolio, the “ELA Roadmap” offers industrial and accident statistics. ELA also continues to work on the Safety Norm for Existing Lifts (SNEL), with the SNEL White Paper now endorsed by the European Lift Components Association and European Federation for Elevator Small and Medium-Sized Enterprises. The second seminar, formed by three panels, was held on October 23 covering the subjects “Financial,” “Technological” and “Legal.” The event ended with the third and final day of the exhibition, which was open to the public. Participants looked forward to its next iteration, to take place on October 18-20, 2016. Berkay Mumoğlu is a correspondent of Asansör Dünyasi, the magazine for the Turkish elevator industry owned by Elevator World, Inc. Monika Kowalczyk is promotion officer for Targi Kielce SA, organizer of EURO-LIFT.

• Issue 1, Volume 8 •


Market Trends

The SAARC Region Elevator industry in India, China, Sri Lanka and Pakistan reacts to global, national conditions.

High-rise apartments are multiplying quickly in big cities, such as Mumbai.

by M.J. Mohamed Iqbal, EW India Correspondent The South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC) is an economic and geopolitical organization of eight countries – India, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Maldives and Nepal – with its secretariat in Kathmandu, Nepal. The combined economy of the SAARC is third largest in the world in terms of gross domestic product (GDP), after the U.S. and China, and eighth largest in terms of nominal GDP. The SAARC nations comprise 3% of the world’s area. In contrast, they have 21% (approximately 1.7 billion) of the world’s total population. India makes up more than 70% of the area and population among the eight nations.

Trends in Region Overall Throughout the SAARC region, international consultants have emerged, meaning standards for elevator specifications are written more to comply with international standards and codes than with country-specific ones. A trend toward green elevators is also very likely. The market is likely to grow at around 15%, and the outlook for elevators in this region is very bright. Demand for escalators is not as high, however, since they are used more for such buildings as malls and infrastructure projects like metros and airports. With construction of new metros and airports and renovation and expansion of existing ones, prospective demand for hightraffic escalators and moving walks is strong.

A Look at China and India India is a major economic market in the SAARC region and has a great scope of development for the elevator industry. To look

Hotels continue to take shape in Sri Lanka to help drive tourism.

at this, one may compare the Indian market with that of its closest neighbor, China. Annual elevator demand in China is approximately 400,000 units, versus modest demand of approximately 40,000 elevators in India. Yet, recent and potential infrastructure growth in India is high compared with its land area, which is one-third that of China. India’s population is almost on par with China’s. India is the second-largest elevator market in the world after China, and there is a huge gap in demand between the countries. With urbanization and the likelihood of more urban centers developing in India, the gap is likely to shrink. With metropolises already booming and becoming increasingly crowded, the possibility of more Tier -2 and -3 cities developing will drive overall demand for elevators. The recent surge in property prices in India is pushing more and more developers to build tall high rises. This is good news for the region’s elevator manufacturers. Current elevator demand is mostly for low-rise, low-speed elevators for residential projects. However, with more and more high-rise projects being Continued


ELEVATOR WORLD India • 1st Quarter 2015 •

Tourism has become a big driver of construction, and, in turn, the elevator industry, in Sri Lanka. Seen here are tourists at the The Sigiriya rock fortress (photo by Bernard Gagnon)

announced, that scenario is likely to change with elevator manufacturersâ&#x20AC;&#x2122; installation of machines with speeds of up to 7 mps. One need only look at the Mumbai skyline over the past several years to see it filling with higher towers. Many multinational elevator companies are already showing keen interest in the region and view India as the next big potential elevator market. Their factories and sales strategies are being modified to cater to Indian market and demand. Other factors that will contribute to growth are the age and prosperity of the Indian population. When people can afford it, an elevator becomes important for an apartment or villa. Demand for home elevators is gradually increasing, with more and more villa projects incorporating elevators into their designs. With an increasing number of Indian citizens headed home from abroad, the need for more sophisticated living is creating demand for elevators. The market for elevators in India will continuously evolve. New technologies will replace old, conventional elevators. For example, collapsible doors are being phased out.

Escalators are not as in demand as elevators, but the outlook is strong thanks to infrastructure projects on the drawing boards.

Sri Lanka and Pakistan

Sri Lanka and Pakistan are the next big markets for the elevator industry. Following the 30-year Sri Lankan Civil War, Sri Lankaâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s northern and southern provinces developed rapidly due to a boom in tourism contributing favorably to the elevator/escalator market. As a result, many (often government-owned) infrastructure and construction projects for the hospitality industry are underway. Population growth also has contributed immensely to building. Due to scarce resources, such as land in urban areas, developers are compelled to put up high-rise apartments and complexes. Today, even in rural areas, there are plans to build high-rise apartments. The tourism industry positively contributes to the elevator/ escalator market, as it is required to develop many hotels and hotel/apartments to keep up with demands of the Sri Lanka Tourism Promotion Bureau. Sri Lankaâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s healthcare sector, as well, gives high priority to elevators: this sector has seen continuous growth over the past decade. There are many international industry players active in Sri Lanka, such as Mitsubishi Electric, KONE, Otis, Sanyo, Sigma, Schindler and Johnson Lifts. In addition, there are local fabricators that deal with elevators and escalators in Sri Lanka. Market demand is approximately 200-300 units per annum. Pakistan also has its own demand in the construction industry. After the 2013 earthquake in the southeastern area of the country, building codes were revised, and more stringent construction practices have come into play. Demand for elevators in the region has increased as more projects have been announced by famous developers from the U.A.E., such as Emaar Properties and others. All major players, including Mitsubishi Electric, Otis, Hyundai Elevator, Schindler and KONE, Airport expansions will likely drive the need for additional escalators and moving walks. are present in this market.â&#x20AC;&#x192;â&#x20AC;&#x201A; đ&#x;&#x152;?


ELEVATOR WORLD India â&#x20AC;˘ 1st Quarter 2015 â&#x20AC;˘

!! W NE

76 L ift A ire Elevator 75 Air Conditioner 74 73 A 72 71 70 69 68 67 66 The latest in a series of air conditioners/heaters designed specifically for use in elevators.

irxcel, the maker of the #1 brand of air conditioners in the recreational vehicle industry, has incorporated its unique experience and small air conditioner technology into building an elevator air conditioner/ heater that is now in operation in over 20 countries ELEVATOR AIR CONDITIONING UNIT and 100 cities around the world.









The LiftAire™ II Elevator Air Conditioner is the only cost-efficient alternative for first class comfort control in today’s elevators. The lightweight, packaged unit mounts on top of the elevator and is supplied with a kit that includes everything you need for installation.

During operation, supply air is delivered in a cross-flow pattern from the top of the elevator, down to the floor and back up to the ceiling mounted return air duct.

In one easily installed package, the LiftAire™ II Elevator Air Conditioner provides comfort, environmental compliance and cost efficiency with engineered features that include an adjustable thermostat mounted inside the return air flex duct, construction that limits vibration and a lightweight, compact rotary compressor.

By the way, did we mention the LiftAire™ II Elevator Air Conditioner also has a high efficiency heater engineered, prewired and mounted for year-round comfort, at no additional charge!



10" Dia Collar Assembly. (2)

Wire Ties for Ducts (12) Thermostat Umbilical with 4-pin Connector

Thick-Wall Vinyl Condensate Drain Hose 12.5' Return Air 10" Flex Duct

Supply Air Diverter (4)

LiftAire™ II Elevator Air Conditioning Unit

25' Supply Air 4" Insulated Flex Duct

Optional Condensate Evaporator 4" Dia. Plenum Starting Collars (4)

Thermostat 10" Dia. Starting Collar (2)

Insulated Plenum Box

Thermostat Mounting Bracket

Elevator Air Conditioner

12.5' Insulated Supply Air Flex Duct

• Lightweight unit mounts easily in virtually any position on top of the elevator. • Self-contained, packaged air design for easy installation. • Compact rotary compressor saves space and weight. • Rated at 14,000 BTUH nominal cooling capacity. • Mechanical heat/cool thermostat mounted in return air flex duct for secure settings and more accurate temperature sensing. 15’ umbilical for remote thermostat mounting. Optional automatic change-over heat/cool thermostat available. • Standard 1,600 watt electric heater delivers 5,600 BTUH heating capacity on 120-volt model; 2,600 watt model delivers 8,800 BTUH heating capacity on 240-volt model. • Fan can be set to operate continuously for improved air circulation and filtration. • 450 cubic-feet-per-minute airflow rate. • Compressor hermetically sealed at factory for leakproof refrigerant flow and efficient operation. • Black finish on supply air diverter conceals it in the gap between the false ceiling and interior wall. • Compressor and outer cabinet are mounted on shock-absorbing rubber for added durability and noise reduction. • Long-lasting copper tubing is fabricated with shock-loops to strengthen the system’s vibration resistance. • Gas-flux brazed joints on the tubing to resist corrosion. • Start circuit with start capacitor and relay makes starting easier on the compressor. • All galvanized steel construction of the outer cabinet ensures corrosion resistance. • Heavy-duty, galvanized steel drain pan is specifically designed for corrosion-resistant durability with bronze-brazed corners and powder-coated epoxy paint. • Freeze protection is provided to prevent evaporator freeze-up, along with high and low pressure switches to protect against fan failure or refrigerant loss. • 4-pin connector plugs into air conditioner for easy thermostat hookup. • Field wiring accomplished simply and easily to lugs on printed circuit board. • Washable filter drops into unit. • Normally open contact for remote monitoring of unit shutdown or power outages.


• Automatic Thermostat - Programmable for 7-day operation, on/off, heat/cool • Condensate Evaporator - 1/60/115 volt or 1/50/240 volt; 3,000 WATTS complete with pan, filter, overflow tube and connection cables • Overflow Detection Device


Nominal BTUH Cooling Capacity .......... 14,000 Delivered BTUH Heating Output ............ 5,600 Electrical Rating ...............................1/60/115V Locked Rotor Cooling Amps ...................... 67* Approximate Full-Load Amps/Cooling .... 16.1* Approximate Full-Load Amps/Heating ... 15.7* Running Watts1 ...................................... 1,537 Running Watts2 ...................................... 1,909 Running Watts/Heating .......................... 1,600 Evaporator Air Delivery CFM (high speed) .. 450

14,000 8,800 1/50/240V 32* 8.0* 12.0* 1,576 1,933 2,600 450

Air Conditioner Dimensions Length ................................. 39 in. Width .................................. 23 in. Height .............................. 18 1⁄8 in. Weight • AC Unit ....................... 180 lbs. • Installation Kit ............... 38 lbs. Evaporator Dimensions Length ................................. 21 in. Width .................................. 13 in. Height .................................... 7 in. Weight ............................... 20 lbs.

1 Tested under the following conditions: Cooling A.R.I. Standard Conditioning 80° F. DB/67° F. WB Indoor, 95° F. DB Outdoor at 115 VAC. 2 Tested under the following conditions: Cooling A.R.I. Standard Conditioning 100° F. DB/72° F. WB Indoor, 120° F. DB Outdoor at 103.5 VAC. * Air conditioner only. Does not include condensate evaporator. Coleman is a registered trademark of The Coleman Company, Inc. used under license. LiftAire is a trademark of Recreation Vehicle Products, Inc. C

Elevator Motors Corporation 80 Carolyn Blvd., Farmingdale, NY 11735-1525 Phone (631) 293-4220; Fax (631) 293-2714; E-mail:

Company Spotlight

MAS Industries A journey from components to complete lifts

MAS Industries headquarters

by Kanika Goswami Since its founding in 2003 in Navi Mumbai, MAS Industries has grown from a small manufacturer of precision-forged sheetmetal components for the automobile, shipbuilding and petroleum industries into a manufacturer and supplier of a wide array of elevator parts and products, and a dealer for many major brands. Now providing complete systems, MAS has approximately 150 employees and plans to expand: a new cabin and gearless machine manufacturing facility is set to open this year in Mangaon, approximately 150 km south of Navi Mumbai, and the company has nine additional offices planned for 2015-2016.

By definition, MAS Industries is still a small company, but one on track for growth. According to the company, its success is due to several factors, including quality, commitment, help from the Almighty and support from its customers. States Aslam Mukadam, chairman: “These have helped us attain a reputation as a quality elevator parts vendor. In the same vein, we plan to grow our product line and keep delighting our customers, always. We focus on what the customer wants or needs, not on what we want to sell.” MAS Industries was born when Mukadam, overseeing sales and development, stumbled Continued

(l-r) Executive Director Ammar Mukadam, Managing Director Mahmood Kazi, MAS Group Chairman Aslam Mukadam, Managing Director Sicor Italy Marco Baroncini, Eco Traction Italy CEO Alper Gencen and MAS Director Mudassar Mukadam


ELEVATOR WORLD India • 1st Quarter 2015 •

EW is now accepting entries for its third annual “Photos of the Elevator World Contest”. Due to the great response in the “Elevators (in any capacity)” category last year, we have decided to separate it into two categories, “Elevators (Commercial) and Elevators (Private Residence)”, this year. Last year, we received more than 250 submissions from 15 countries, with both companies and amateur photo enthusiasts across the globe participating. Send us your best shots and you could win cash and be published in ELEVATOR WORLD magazine! We look forward to viewing the elevator world through your unique lens. An EW panel of judges will first choose up to 20 finalists from each category. Those finalists will then be presented online during the month of May 2015 where our readers will vote and ultimately decide the best of the best. The winners and runner-ups from each category will be featured in the August 2015 issue of ELEVATOR WORLD and highlighted online. In addition, ALL qualified submissions will be posted in a special photo contest gallery on Visit for entry form and contest rules.

Categories •

Skylines & Tall Buildings

Elevators (Commercial)

Elevators (Private Residence)

Escalators/Moving Walkways

Inclined Lifts

Machines and Components

Prizes Winners of each category will receive: • US$250.00 cash or the equivalent in Elevator World educational products or advertising. • Winning photos will be considered for the August 2015 ELEVATOR WORLD magazine cover (depending on quality and composition of photo).

All entries must be received by 5 p.m. (CST), Thursday, April 30, 2015.

products to the industry, MAS Industries took this initiative, making us the only Indian company to design the calibrated overspeed governor according to EN 81-82, with CE-certified electric switches, as well.” In 2010, the company established a 4,000-m2 factory in Gujarat, India. Today MAS has more than 30 machining centers across India. The company manufactures elevator components, car-operating panels and complete control panels in house. It soon plans to manufacture code-compliant motherboard memory controllers that will be sold internationally.

Importance of Trade Shows A MAS Industries overspeed governor

upon a chance to supply precision components to the elevator industry. The company experienced tremendous growth in 2004-2008 supplying elevators to mid-sized companies. Sensing an opportunity, the company invested in a new facility in Navi Mumbai in 2004 to handle components from assembly to dispatch. MAS Industries experienced its next milestone in 2007, when it merged with SEC Electronics of Slovenia. This enabled it to supply elevator components to the European market from India and supply electronics components to India from Europe. To facilitate its entry into the European market, the company began to


develop safety components with CE Certification and making components compliant with EN 81-82 code. Recalls Mukadam: “When we planned to manufacture and design safety components, we realized that in India, few, if any, component manufacturers were taking the initiative to ensure passenger safety. Before we commenced to supply the Indian and European markets, MAS obtained the required, prestigious CE certification for all safety components. We were the first and only components manufacturer to have obtained it, we are proud to say. Driven by a sense of responsibility to supply safe and authentic



Mukadam and his fellow company leaders believe attending trade shows and events is vital to establishing MAS Industries in the global market. “Collecting knowledge and exposure to global products and the way brands are being sold worldwide is a huge learning experience for us,” he observes. “So, over the last few years, the company has attended numerous international exhibitions, such as Interlift in Augsburg, Germany.” During a previous Interlift, the company leaders met the managing directors of Johnson Lifts, which led to an opportunity to expand overseas. “Now, we are Johnson’s approved vendor and supply [the company] required components as per EN 81-82 and [German Institute for Standardization] standards,” Mukadam Continued states.




The contoured profile of the INGRESS’R ® allows actuation from any approach and height level

• Custom Legends: Numbers, Letters, Arrows or Symbols

FEATURES: • Patented 36” (914 mm) tall x 2.5”(64 mm) wide center activating column • Vandal and weather-resistant • Fast installation, retrofit and new – can be wall- or bollard-mounted • Hard-wire or wireless option



• Mounts on most wall surfaces– TOP VIEW of STANDARD INGRESS’R® including uneven showing tapered profile

• Custom Light Colors with black bezel: White, Amber, Blue, Yellow, Red • Narrow widths and custom

heights 877.421.9490 • Standard Finishes View our website to design a custom elevator INGRESS’R® using the checklist

• Issue 1, Volume 8 •


MAS Industriesâ&#x20AC;&#x2122; LIFT TRADE Solution Customer concerns about increased costs brought about by hiring an array of professionals to handle different aspects of an elevator job and ordering components from different vendors are some of the factors that led to MAS Industriesâ&#x20AC;&#x2122; LIFT TRADE solution, set to be unveiled at the International Elevator & Escalator Expo in Dhaka, Bangladesh, on February 10-12. MAS states it has the experience and expertise to offer this solution, including: â&#x2122;Śâ&#x2122;Ś Being a well-known industry name in India, Kuwait, Saudi Arabia, Egypt, Syria, Lebanon, Jordan, Turkey, the U.A.E., Qatar, Oman, Australia, the U.K., Germany, Slovenia, Czechoslovakia, Spain, Italy, Morocco, Sri Lanka and Bangladesh â&#x2122;Śâ&#x2122;Ś Having manufacturing expertise and adequate exposure in international markets, helping provide advanced technology â&#x2122;Śâ&#x2122;Ś Manufacturing more than 95% of components â&#x20AC;&#x201C; machines, car frames, safeties, governors, controllers, lift-operating panels and car-operating panels in house â&#x2122;Śâ&#x2122;Ś Being a bulk manufacturer and dealer of many brands

Elevator Industry Educational Resources Available in India! ELEVATOR WORLD offers a variety of educational materials on multiple topics including: Engineering Safety Maintenance

Trade shows have strengthened MAS Industries domestically, as well. Mukadam states the 2007 International Elevator & Escalator (IEE) Expo provided the company a chance to emphasize its philosophy of quality over price. As a result, he said, business increased manifold in India, and its long list of clients continues to grow. MAS Industries considers expos great opportunities to show the world what it has to offer. At the 2014 IEE Expo, for instance, it launched International Organization for Standardizationcompliant geared machines. At the 2015 IEE Expo in Dhaka, Bangladesh, MAS plans to launch its one-stop elevator solution, LIFT TRADE (see sidebar). By the end of 2015, the company plans to begin manufacturing gearless machines, with partner Eco Traction of Italy, in India. A family-run company, MAS Industries puts a lot of faith in its directors, particularly Managing Director Mahmood Kazi, who observes: â&#x20AC;&#x153;We have employees who are as old as the company. Thanks to that and to our vendors, we are able to stay competitive.â&#x20AC;? The company prides itself on being a â&#x20AC;&#x153;one-stop elevator shopâ&#x20AC;? rounded out by well-trained service and support staff. Today, MAS Industries exports to 16 countries. In some regions, it is a brandâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s exclusive distributor â&#x20AC;&#x201C; for instance, Fermator in Telangana and Hyderabad, đ&#x;&#x152;? India. â&#x20AC;&#x192;â&#x20AC;&#x201A;

Construction Installation Codes/Standards

Quick Delivery â&#x20AC;˘ Reduced Costs â&#x20AC;˘ Pay in Rupees To purchase within India, please contact:

Virgo Communications & Exhibitions (P) Ltd. E-Mail: Phone: 91 80 25357028/9, 41493996/97 For further details on these materials, visit:


ELEVATOR WORLD India â&#x20AC;˘ 1st Quarter 2015 â&#x20AC;˘

MAS Industries is a distributor for a number of well-known brands, including: â&#x2122;Śâ&#x2122;Ś Marazzi guide rails â&#x2122;Śâ&#x2122;Ś Fermator doors â&#x2122;Śâ&#x2122;Ś Usha Martin wire ropes â&#x2122;Śâ&#x2122;Ś SICOR Italy machines â&#x2122;Śâ&#x2122;Ś Genemek (Turkey) fixtures â&#x2122;Śâ&#x2122;Ś SEC Electronics control panels â&#x2122;Śâ&#x2122;Ś Schindler elevators and components â&#x2122;Śâ&#x2122;Ś Avox ultra-thin displays

Product Spotlight

Remote-Monitoring Tools and a WeatherResistant Sensor HRTS Links Elevators, Smartphones

Technology leads to new offerings.

Hyundai Elevator has announced the debut of Hyundai Real Time Service (HRTS), a “remotecontrol system that not only gives customers the ability to check the status of their elevators online 24/7, but also enables service engineers to conduct safety checks and fix breakdowns in real time” using smartphones. The Internet-based application for service engineers was released in May 2014. As of November, it was being used by approximately 1,600 engineers. The customer application is scheduled for release on June 1. HRTS will allow customers to monitor elevator status, obtain performance reports that provide data such as number of breakdowns and daily traveling times, obtain monthly service fee statements and submit service requests. Service engineers can provide faster and better service by being able to forecast which parts need replacement. observes 66% of all breakdowns are expected to be repaired remotely as a result of HRTS.

Elevator Analysis and Monitoring Tester

Elevator Analytics™ is a new elevator analysis and monitoring tool by Qameleon. Building upon the company’s existing technology, the product looks for meaningful patterns in an elevator’s operation and is promoted as workable with any elevator, regardless of age. The EA7 Elevator Analyzer was designed with input from inspectors, consultants and mechanics. Working with your laptop, it provides real-time information about an elevator’s operation, creates a permanent record of every trip and automatically generates reports. It can be set up in minutes inside the car and does not interfere with the elevator’s operation. Uses include inspection, troubleshooting, load testing, pre-modernization evaluation and traffic-analysis enhancement.

❮ Signaling Products for Extreme Environments

The MICRONOR MR380 Fiber Optic ESTOP and MR382 Fiber Optic U-Beam Sensor are fiber-optic signaling products for use in harsh or hazardous environments, from mines to wind turbines to petrochemical plants. The MR380 series offers ESTOP Functional Safety compliance with a SIL1 rating, and the MR382 series is a general-purpose photo interruption/slot sensor typically used as a gear-tooth speed sensor, edge detector or proximity sensor. The products consist of a passive optical sensor that links to a remote DIN-rail-mounted controller module via an industry standard OM1 62.5/125 multimode fiber optic link up to 2,500 m. The company calls the sensors and optical links “rated inherently safe” and immune to electromagnetic interference, radio-frequency interference, lightning, high-voltage discharges and ground loops.


ELEVATOR WORLD India • 1st Quarter 2015 •

Elevator World India Marketplace MARKETPLACE RATES Business Card (1/8th page) $75.00 US / 4,630 INR (1/4 page) $125.00 US / 7,710 INR Color and black and white available. To advertise, please contact


ELEVATOR WORLD India • 1st Quarter 2015 •

Sk Industrial Park unit no.7, near National Highway, Commercial Petrol Pump Survey no.62, Vasai (E) - 401208.

Mobile No : +91 9969424711 / 9322818148 Email : / Website :


â&#x20AC;˘ Issue 1, Volume 8 â&#x20AC;˘


Elevator World India Marketplace Prathmesh Talekar Works Manager 91-9221314013 91-9167094841


Now available at 110

ELEVATOR WORLD India • 1st Quarter 2015 •

ELEVATOR WORLD India Source Directory This section serves as a resource for the industry and consists of current Elevator World India advertisers and their website addresses. For detailed information

on each company, please visit Contact Anitha Raghunath at or TBruce MacKinnon at for more information.



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Asansör Dünyası

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Turkey boasts the 17th-largest economy in the world, produces more than 20,000 elevator units per year and anticipates a five-year growth rate of 10%, which exceeds global averages. Maybe it’s time you considered Asansör Dünyası in our marketing plans. • Asansör Dünyası joined the Elevator World family on May 1, 2014. • Has been the leading publication for the Turkish elevator market for more than 19 years. • Distributed to more than 5,000 professional, qualified industry consumers. • Published bi-monthly in both the English and Turkish languages. • Subscriptions are available in print or digital format. • Dynamic print and online advertising opportunities. • Consists of important news, events, projects and technical articles within Turkey.

View 2015 Media Planner or Subscribe: • Issue 1, Volume 8 •





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Advertisers Index ADCO Controls............................................................ 51 AFAG Messen und Ausstellungen........................ 19 Altenmo Technologies Pvt. Ltd.............................. 17 Bharat Bijlee Ltd.......................................................... 11 Blain Hydraulics Gmbh............................................. 77 Canny Group Co., Ltd................................................ 65 Chr. Mayr GmbH + Co. KG........................................ 83 City Lifts (India) Ltd.......................................................5 Comfort Elevators & Escalators Pvt. Ltd.............. 45 Delhi Elevator Association...................................... 63 EEST - Elevator & Escalator Safety Trust............101 Elevator Motors/Materials Corp..................... 98, 99 Escon Elevators Pvt. Ltd........................................... 53 Esquire Engineering Co..................................... 28, 29 EXCELLA Electronics.................................................. 69 Express Lifts Limited.................................................. 15 Formula Systems Ltd....................................................4 Giovenzana International BV................................. 27 Hephzi Elevators International Company Pvt Ltd...................................................................... 95 Hydro-Pneumatic Teckniks..................................... 67 Inditech Systems Pvt Ltd......................................... 42 Inova Automation Pvt Ltd....................................... 21 Jade Elevator Components.............................. 38, 39 Jayashree Encoders Pvt Ltd.................................... 55 Johnson Lifts Private Limited....................................1 Jupiter Enterprises..................................................... 31


ELEVATOR WORLD India • 1st Quarter 2015 •

Kinetek........................................................................... 23 Larsen & Toubro Limited.......................................... 57 Leo’s Elevator Components Marketing Pvt. Ltd..................................................................... 43 Marazzi (Jiangsu) Elevator Guide Rails Co., Ltd........................................................... 41 Monteferro SPA........................................................... 13 Neptune Marketing................................................... 49 Schindler India Pvt. Ltd............................................ 35 Sematic S.p.a......................................................Cover 4 Shanghai BST Electric Co., Ltd................................ 47 Sharp Engineers.......................................................... 97 Tak Consulting Private Limited............................107 Tecnolama..................................................................... 75 ThyssenKrupp Elevator (India) Pvt. Ltd...........................................................Cover 2 Torin Drive India Private Limited.............................7 Toshiba Johnson Elevators India Pvt. Ltd........................................................................9 Virgo Communications & Exhibitions Pvt. Ltd...................................................................105 Wikk Industries, Inc..................................................103 Woodfold Mfg Inc....................................................... 79 Elevator World Elevator World Opportunities...................................... 33 Installation Manual .........................................................46

Online Safety Site .............................................................68 Elevator World Photo Contest 2015........................ 102 Educational Resources.................................................. 104 2015 EWI Media Planner ........................................... 110 Asansör Dünyasi ........................................................... 111 ELEVATOR WORLD Digital Newsstand Editions.................................................................Cover 3 Marketplace Apex Elevators Arya Lift Sansthan Axis Industries Pvt Ltd. Bamrah Steel Products Pvt Ltd Bhamra Engineering Works Essential Lights Icon Control System Innovision K2 Engineers Maha Lifts Mundapat Engineers Enterprises Nocee Elevators (P) Ltd. Tech Electronics The Elevator Factory Universal Electro Crimp Company Xecom Information Technologies Pvt. Ltd

Door Controller Warranty Extension 36 Months!

High performance door system

Top-quality safety devices for high speed elevators

High adjustability for flexible installations

Active closing system for extreme operating conditions

Eco-friendly; low power consumption functions

Hidden bottom track available

Framed glass panels

Fire-rated executions

Sematic 2000 B-HR: tecHnology RiSeS HigH. The Sematic 2000 B-HR is the ideal solution for passenger movement within all skyscrapers, as it includes: fast, quiet and smooth door opening and closing (allowing for efficient traffic management flow), exceptional robustness, excellent transport comfort, unrivalled aesthetic properties and all in full compliance with the most stringent safety regulations. All of the components and technical solutions have been analyzed and endurance tested in our laboratories across millions of cycles, ensuring that this door guarantees constant high performance over a long life. For this reason, the Sematic 2000 B-HR has been selected by companies, architects, and consultants for installation in some of the worldâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s most prestigious buildings.

Elevator world india 1q 2015  

The Premier Magazine for the Building Transportation Industry in India

Elevator world india 1q 2015  

The Premier Magazine for the Building Transportation Industry in India