1 Annual Report
07 â€” 08
07 â€” 08
ÂŠ 2009 EastWest Institute On the Cover: A globe on a traffic circle in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. Photo by Hisham Malaika
Contents Letter from the President . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 Letter from the Chairmen . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 Our Mission . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 Testimonials . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 Our Programs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 Russia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 China . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 Preventive Diplomacy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 Countering Violent Extremism . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 Weapons of Mass Destruction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 Global Leadership . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 Energy Security . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 Regional and Transfrontier Cooperation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 Worldwide Security Conference . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19 Policy Innovation and Rapid Response . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20 2007 Awards Dinner . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23 2008 Awards Dinner . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24 Financial Statements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26 Donors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27 Ross and Sarah Perot . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29 Kathryn Wasserman Davis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30 Board of Directors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31 Fellows and Staff . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34
Letter from the President John Edwin Mroz
People and ideas bring positive change when there is
trust. But building trust can be incredibly difficult, particularly at a time when so much is changing, so much is at play. The last two years have been a time for profound rethinking about the global system. Clearly the peace and security system needs to be fixed and new approaches to regional security are needed, giving greater voice and responsibility to a much larger group of players. Globalization means greater prosperity for many, and greater interdependence for all. Now that the “East” and “West” in our name no longer represents the political divisions of the Cold War, the EastWest Institute is working hard to amplify the voices of the East in those discussions, along with those of international organizations, civil society, and business.
When I was born, there were 2.5 billion inhabitants on this earth. In the next thirty years the current world population of 6.7 billion will be augmented by another 2.5 billion people. Almost all of this growth comes from the East. The East represents the vast majority of humankind and rightfully expects a seat at the table alongside the traditional powers in determining what kinds of new global security arrangements are needed. West and East have to work together in crafting those solutions—or no solutions will work. The EastWest Institute is proud of its leadership role in working closely with the great powers—China, Russia, the U.S., Europe—as they begin to transform their relationships with each other and with others on the world stage. Similarly, we have accelerated our
February 20, 2007 EWI’s fourth annual Worldwide Security Conference
Moving Forward EWI
2007-2008 February 7, 2007 EWI releases Defeating Nuclear Terrorism: The MoscowWashington Alliance
Left: EWI board member Maria Livanos Cattaui with Benjamin Defensor, Chairman of APEC Counter-terrorism task force.
Prevention of conflicts needs to be a top priority for everyone, transformed from an idea that is given mere lip service
work with an array of regional powers who are critical new partners in those efforts. The growing economic power of the East needs to be matched with increased security and developmental responsibility. Prevention of conflicts needs to be a top priority for everyone, transformed from an idea that is all too often given mere lip service under the UN Charter into something real. EWIâ€™s work over the past two years bears witness to our founding creed that a disparate group of women and men can come together and help create positive change for a safer and better world. EWI is a cross-boundary, trust-building network. Fiercely independent, we are good at listening, probing, reframing, and mobilizing. Our remarkable Board of Directors keeps asking for evidence of our measurable impact, and this influences everything we do. Our staff, donor base, and the EWI global network writ large is the reason for our success. I want to pay special thanks to George Russell, our longtime chairman, friend, and mentor who continues to provide inspiration to us all. We are blessed with a powerfully networked and committed community of women and men from all around
the globe. We urge you to join usâ€”give of your time, talents, and/or resources to further our work. Our promise to you is that the idealism, values, and commitment to impact of the past 28 years will remain firmly in place. Despite all the economic, social, and security challenges we face on this planet today, there is the ability to unite across boundaries and influence change. That is what EWI is all about. We thank all of you who have contributed to our mission. We welcome all of our new readers to join the EWI family as we push forward the agenda of making this world a safer and better place for our children and grandchildren. With gratitude and optimism,
John Edwin Mroz President and CEO
Below: The International
Left: 2007 Outstanding Leadership
Task Force for Preven-
Award Recipient Evgeny Pavlovich
Velikhov, Secretary of the Public
Left: Members of
Chamber of the Russian Federation.
the Task Force, Paul Stares, then vice president of the U.S. Institute of Peace (left), and International
April 25, 2007
Crisis Group President Gareth Evans
Annual awards dinner celebrating 200 years of Russia-U.S. relations
May 22, 2007
Left: 2007 Outstanding Leadership Award recipient, Librarian of Congress James H. Billington (left), with EWI Chairman George Russell
EWI launches the International Task Force for Preventive Diplomacy, precursor of the Preventive Diplomacy Initiative
Below: EWIâ€™s delegation to Beijing. From left to right: Joel Cowan, Greg Austin, Francis Finlay, John Edwin Mroz, Ma Zhengang, James L. Jones, Henry Crumpton, Alexander Kvitashvili, and Michele Miranda
June 2007 EWI releases three publications: People, Economies, and Infrastructure; Building a Global Network to Combat Terrorists; and New Russia, New Ally: a Bilateral Security Agenda Beyond
June 18, 2007 U.S.-China High Level Security Dialogue in Beijing
Letter from the Chairmen George F. Russell, Jr. and Francis Finlay
George F. Russell, Jr.
We are often asked quite pointedly what it is about the
EastWest Institute (EWI) that produces such high levels of practical achievement towards resolving the most significant and difficult issues of our day. The answer, as we see it, is the quite remarkable network of trusted relationships nurtured over the years with men and women who matter around the world. Those trusted relationships— in cities as diverse as Moscow, Washington, Beijing, Kyiv, Berlin, Kabul, Riyadh, Delhi, Karachi and Tehran--have been built over decades by a remarkable international team of staff, fellows, directors and alumni. Not everyone is eligible to become part of EWI’s family. Any individual who wishes to engage in one of our
intense discussions must be willing to listen to others— and to see matters from a broad range of perspectives, sometimes leading to a radical reexamination of his or her views. To be part of EWI involves looking for ways to talk to those who you do not know or with whom you profoundly disagree. Since EWI has done this day in and day out for three decades, it has built an enviable track record of consistently reframing issues and suggesting novel solutions to them. As an institution, EWI always wants to be on the cutting edge of the newest creative ideas. Members of our staff like to say that the EWI family is composed of professionals committed to collaboration
September 2007 Second meeting of the International Task Force for Preventive Diplomacy
August 12, 2007 EWI releases PROTECT! Civilians and Civil Rights in Counter-Terrorist Operations
Above: Egemen Bagis, Turkish Minister for EU Affairs and Chief Negotiator with the EU. Left: EWI Vice President Ortwin Hennig
October 10, 2007 EWI releases Countering Violent Extremism: Lessons from the Abrahamic Faiths
We salute all our EWI family for their commitment to making a real difference, not in the abstract but in measurable, concrete ways.
across boundaries that will make this a safer and better world. This work is made possible by a remarkably dedicated group of donors from our Board and beyond who believe in our mission and our ability to demonstrate the impact of our work. This annual report is centered around the “so what” theme: What difference is EWI making in this turbulent, changing world? As we near our 30th anniversary, we salute all of our EWI family for their commitment to
making a real difference, not in the abstract but in measurable, concrete ways. We also urge those of you who are just learning about EWI to become part of our family through your involvement, networking, and financial support. Together we will make this a safer and better world for our children and grandchildren. That was the mantra of our founders three decades ago, and it remains the motivating creed for all of the EWI family today.
George F. Russell, Jr. Co-Chairman
Francis Finlay Co-Chairman
Left: Former Sudanese Prime Minister Sadiq Al-Mahdi. Below: Anatoly Safonov (left), Special Representative of the President of the Russian Federation for International Cooperation in the Fight Against Terrorism and Transnational Organized Crime, with EWI President John Edwin Mroz.
February 2008 EWI releases Countering Violent Extremism: Video Power and Cyberspace and The Security of Pakistan’s Nuclear Facilities
February 19-21, 2007 Fifth annual Worldwide Security Conference
Our Mission Founded in 1980, the EastWest Institute is a global, action-oriented think-and-do tank. We are a notfor-profit institution focused on confronting critical
challenges that endanger peace. Our fiercely-guarded independence is ensured by the diversity of our international board of directors and our supporters.
To be a forceful and constructive voice within and between East and West on peace and security matters, while serving as a discreet worldwide hub for Track 2 and semi-official Track 1.5 diplomacy.
To mobilize and connect the intellectual, human, and resource capacities needed to create a more peaceful, just, and stable world order.
To bridge and inspire government, business, civil society, and global self-organizing social network groups to take effective collective action.
Left: Icelandic President Ă“lafur Ragnar GrĂmsson, sponsor and host of the threat assessment. Below: Participants at the joint threat assessment
April 7-8, 2008 February 2008 EWI releases Narcoterrorism and A Day in the Future: Accelerating Solutions to Security Threats
EWI convenes first officially sanctioned U.S.-Russia joint threat assessment on Iran
Left: From left to right, Jerry A. Taylor, Director of Strategic and Missile Affairs at the U.S. Department of State; EWI Vice President Greg Austin; and Vladimir Ermakov, Head of the Section on Military and Strategic Issues, Department on Security and Disarmament, Ministry of Foreign Relations of the Russian Federation.
May 03, 2007 Building Trust Between Turkey and the EU
Above: Selen Evcit, Turkish Vice Consul to Brussels. Right: EWI Vice President Greg Austin (left) with Deputy of Antalya Nuri Uslu.
August 27, 2007 EWI organizes an educational summer camp to bring together children of different ethnicities in the Balkans
U N P hoto b y M ark G arten
The EastWest Institute is challenging each of us to rethink our international security priorities in order to get things moving again. You know, as we do, that we need specific actions, not words. As your slogan so aptly puts it, you are a ‘think and do tank.’ Ban Ki-moon, UN Secretary General
My principal engagement with Russia and China is through the EastWest Institute’s strategic dialogues with the United States. They are unusually direct and focused. It is quite clear that they are taken with seriousness by those who govern on both sides. General James L. Jones (retired), U.S. National Security Adviser
It is vitally important that influential bodies such as EWI keep policymakers and opinion-formers firmly focused on the need to eliminate nuclear weapons and other weapons of mass destruction. The risks and opportunities have never been greater. Mohamed ElBaradei, IAEA Director General
The European Union has benefited greatly from EWI’s work. I view EWI as the model of transatlantic partnership. Javier Solana, High Representative for Common Foreign and Security Policy for the European Union
Left: EWI President and CEO John Edwin Mroz (left), General James L. Jones (retired), now the U.S. National Security Adviser (center), and Chinese Assistant Foreign Minister Liu Jieyi. Below: EWI delegation with Zhang Zhijun, Vice Minister of the International Department of the Communist Party of China
May 19-20, 2008 Second EWI high-level delegation to Beijing
EWI releases Countering Violent Extremism: Beyond Words
EWIâ€™s China program broke a 20year chill between U.S. and Chinese political parties with this 2008 event that included Madeleine Albright, Howard Dean, and Zhang Zhijun P h oto by D i m i t r i F i n k e r
Our Programs Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces Treaty, and the future of Afghanistan. EWI’s most significant effort in this area was the U.S.-Russia joint threat assessment on Iran, an unprecedented joint effort to understand Iran’s nuclear capabilities and allow both sides to determine collaborative responses. As tensions continue over the planned deployment of a U.S. ballistic missile defense system in Poland and the Czech Republic, such an effort could not be more timely. EWI further demonstrated the promise of coordinated RussianAmerican leadership in two seminal dialogues in 2008. In cooperation with President Olafur Ragnar Grimsson of Iceland, EWI convened high-level WMD experts in Reykjavik in April, and in December, collaborated with the Swiss government to bring together top Russian and American scientists in Switzerland. In those meetings, both sides expressed a desire to engage other nations in WMD nonproliferation and regional stability efforts. After the Russia-Georgia conflict of August 2008, EWI organized Track 2 dialogues to keep communication channels open. EWI working groups of American, Russian and European experts and officials galvanized discussions on issues such as U.S. ballistic missile defense in Europe, NATO enlargement, the future of strategic arms control, and the possibilities of building a new security architecture in the Euro-Atlantic region. Despite the
Renewing Russia’s relationship with the U.S. and the world
EWI is taking its Russia program into the twenty-first century by building sustainable relationships of trust between Russia, its key G-8 partners, and new rising powers to provide common solutions to today’s key challenges. In 2007 and 2008 EWI’s Russia work focused on two parallel initiatives: the U.S.-Russia Constructive Agenda and Public-Private Partnerships in Combating Global Terrorism.
Launched in April 2007, the U.S.-Russia Constructive Agenda works to reverse the deterioration in U.S.-Russia relations and looks for win-win solutions to security challenges. A flagship effort in this area is the U.S.-Russia Dialogue on Counterterrorism and Strategic Security—a series of consultations to focus U.S. and Russian interlocutors on areas of common security interest. The first round of the dialogue was held in Moscow in October 2007 in partnership with the Russian Foreign Ministry and Ambassador Anatoly Safonov, Special Representative of the President of the Russian Federation for International Cooperation in the Fight Against Terrorism and Transnational Organized Crime. The U.S. delegation included General James L. Jones (retired), now the U.S. National Security Adviser, and representatives from the U.S. military, intelligence, academic, and business communities. This meeting and the working groups that emerged from it helped reframe critical issues and allowed both sides to better appreciate their respective perspectives on such issues as Iran’s nuclear capabilities, globalization of the Russian-American
U N P h o t o b y Paul o F i lgu e i r as
The U.S.-Russia Constructive Agenda
Sergey Kislyak, Russian ambassador to the U.S., addresses EWI’s consultation on weapons of mass destruction on October 24, 2008
deadlock in the official dialogue, EWI’s efforts built trust on both sides, paving the way for a renewal of U.S.-Russian relations under Barack Obama.
Public-Private Partnerships in Combating Global Terrorism Since Russia’s G-8 Presidency in 2006, EWI has worked with Russia to build a worldwide security network that engages governments, business, and civil society to fight terrorism. In 2007 and 2008, EWI partnered with the Russian government and the private sector to stem illicit trade in precious metals and gems. EWI worked with Norilsk Nickel, the Russian mining and metallurgical giant, the Platinum Group Metals Association, and the World Customs Organization to raise awareness among policymakers in Europe and the U.S. about the role of such trade in financing terrorism. In September 2008, Francis Finlay, Co-Chairman of EWI’s Board of Directors, and Vladimir Ivanov, head of EWI’s Moscow office, testified before a UN conference on anti-terrorism strategies and gained substantial support for the initiative.
Looking Ahead In coming years, the Russia program will continue to reframe issues and create practical solutions around three critical subject areas: counterterrorism, strategic arms control and global stability, and regional security and U.S.-Russia relations in the postSoviet space. ■
12 Zhang Jianxiong, professor at the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, with Stephan Richter, Editorin-Chief of The Globalist, at EWI’s Trialogue21 meeting in December 2008
with high-level China-U.S. dialogues exploring opportunities for energy and security cooperation in Sudan and other parts of Africa.
U.S.-China Political Dialogue
Welcoming a new world power A realignment of world powers is rarely a peaceful phenomenon. As new global powers emerge, EWI is using its status as a trusted convener to help ensure a smooth transition from a world dominated by a single power to the multi-polar world order of the twenty-first century. Foremost among the world’s rising powers is China. In 2007 and 2008, EWI continued to work to integrate China into an international system of peace and security. EWI facilitated productive official and semi-official dialogues between China, the U.S., and Europe to build trust and to foster collective management of global challenges. Our work with the U.S., the EU, and China has three basic goals: 1. To engage Chinese officials and organizations in dialogue with their American or European counterparts in a manner that is difficult on official levels. 2. To facilitate honest conversations between China and Western powers on fault-line issues such as energy and the militarization of outer space. 3. To promote collaboration and to focus on common interests rather than divisive rhetoric.
Trialogue21 The hallmark of our China program is Trialogue21, an evolv-
ing series of semi-official dialogues between China, the U.S., and Europe. Trialogue21 brings together leaders of government, business, academia, and NGOs from the three power centers to explore opportunities for collaborative action on pressing concerns such as global energy security. EWI convened the second annual Trialogue21 meeting in Beijing in November 2007 and the third in Washington, D.C. in December 2008. The meetings produced breakthrough discussions on energy security, management of the effects of globalization, security challenges in the Middle East and Africa, and the impact of China’s development on China-U.S.Europe relations. The Washington meeting in December 2008 also featured a special session, co-sponsored by the World Bank, to devise common responses to the global financial crisis.
U.S.-China Security Dialogue Meanwhile, in June 2007, EWI launched a separate bilateral initiative to build trust between the U.S. and China. The initiative has brought together top American and Chinese experts to develop common strategies to grapple with issues such as the militarization of outer space, the conflict in Afghanistan, nuclear nonproliferation, and energy security. Chinese Foreign Minister Yang Jiechi endorsed the initiative, challenging EWI to use energy security as a rallying point for China-U.S. cooperation. EWI responded to the challenge with two policy papers, Energy Interests and Alliances: China, America and Africa and Clean Coal: U.S.-China Cooperation in Energy Security. In May 2008, we started converting these ideas into action
A major highlight of our work with China was a December 2008 event that brought together senior representatives of the U.S. Democratic and Republican parties with the Chinese Communist Party for confidential discussions on trust-building measures between the U.S. and China. The meeting, which included Madeleine Albright, Howard Dean, Lawrence Eagleburger, and Zhang Zhijun, broke through the divide between Chinese and U.S. political establishments that had persisted since the 1989 violence in Tiananmen Square. EWI has since secured high-level support from all three parties to continue such dialogues in 2009.
Visiting Fellows In 2008, we welcomed our first fellow from the People’s Liberation Army. Commander Xu Manshu, an Associate Professor at the Chinese National Defense University, spent three months at EWI’s Brussels Center researching military cooperation between China, NATO, and the European Union on disaster relief. EWI will continue with this program and expects to host visiting fellows from China in the coming years.
Looking Ahead Over the next year, EWI will focus on its high-level engagement with the Chinese Communist Party and China’s People’s Liberation Army. We will also continue to strengthen the U.S.-China High Level Security Dialogue. EWI’s policy engagement with China will place heavy emphasis on practical approaches toward energy and the environment, weapons of mass destruction and nonproliferation, cyber security, and Afghanistan and southwest Asia. EWI will also consolidate the role of Trialogue21 as an early warning mechanism for China-U.S.Europe relations. ■
Generating political will to respond to crises before they begin Sustainable security demands that we prevent conflicts before they begin, not just react to them after they erupt. Many indicators can provide early warnings of impending conflicts. But the world often lacks the political will to respond to them. And in the rare cases where political will does exist, human and financial resources often do not. EWI’s Preventive Diplomacy Initiative is one of very few efforts that draws on expertise from around the world and across sectors to eliminate these shortcomings in conflict prevention structures. The initiative works to reframe conventional wisdom on security and development policy, to minimize the time between early warnings of crises and action to resolve them, and to create diplomatic alternatives to violence.
International Task Force on Preventive Diplomacy The Preventive Diplomacy Initiative’s work began in 2007 with the formation of the International Task Force on Preventive Diplomacy. The task force brought together 24 experts from around the world to identify barriers to conflict prevention, to create a strategy to overcome them and to institutionalize international structures for effective conflict prevention. The task force consisted of a sixteen-member core group of experts from government, international organizations, businesses, and civil society, and an eight-member HighLevel Advisory Board that provided advice, moral authority, and access to decision-makers and media. After a year of research and consultation, the task force laid out
its initial recommendations in Making Conflict Prevention Real, a declaration issued in December 2007. Including an additional recommendation in 2008, the task force called for the establishment of three initiatives: The Parliamentarians Network on Conflict Prevention and Human Security, a network of legislators from around the world that works to build political will to respond to potential crises and to hold governments accountable. The International Panel on Conflict Prevention and Human Security, a panel of experts that serves as an international advocacy body for conflict prevention and as a central source of research and recommendations on potential conflict areas. The Global Summit on Security and Conflict, a biennial conference that brings together military and security communities with development policymakers, businesses, and civil society organizations. The summit would be a much-needed forum to create conflict prevention networks, share best practices in political, economic, and military interventions, and determine the necessary steps to implement them. Since the task force issued its declaration, the Preventive Diplomacy Initiative has been working to make its recommendations a reality.
The Parliamentarians Network for Conflict Prevention and Human Security The Preventive Diplomacy Initiative launched the Parliamentarians Network for Conflict Prevention and Human Security in October 2008.
The network has since grown to include 65 parliamentarians from 30 countries, including Australia, Canada, the Dominican Republic, Israel, Germany, Pakistan, the Palestinian Territories, Romania, Russia, Somalia, Switzerland, Tanzania, Ukraine, and the U.K. Members of the network translate ideas into policy and advocate for greater allocation of resources for preventive action. Parliamentarians are now working to integrate preventive diplomacy mechanisms into their countries’ foreign policies and to convince governments, international organizations, and civil society that conflict prevention is a global responsibility.
Looking Ahead The Preventive Diplomacy Initiative is continuing to work to make the task force’s strategic vision a reality. It is mobilizing its network of officials and experts from governments, international organizations and civil society to investigate security challenges around the world and marshal diplomatic resources to address them. For example, the initiative is working with Afghanistan and its neighbors to realize the full potential of Afghanistan’s water resources. Such activities will not only help develop Afghanistan’s agriculture and energy infrastructure, they will also help build trust in the region and create a peace dividend for Afghanistan and its neighbors. The initiative is expanding the Parliamentarians Network and working to implement the other two task force recommendations by establishing the International Panel on Preventive Diplomacy and Human Security and the Global Summit on Security and Conflict. ■
The High-Level Advisory Board of the International Task Force on Preventive Diplomacy. From left to right: Gareth Evans, Martti Ahtisaari, El-Hassan bin Talal, EWI President John Edwin Mroz, Kim Campbell, Sadiq Al-Mahdi, Jan Eliasson, and EWI Vice President Ortwin Hennig
Turning the tide of militancy around the world
Conflict zones around the world have shown that militaries alone cannot solve the problem of violent extremism. Weapons can counter weapons; they cannot counter the ideologies behind them. Successful strategies to defeat violent extremism demand the full force of soft power, from diplomacy to economic assistance to educational development. They require faith-based organizations to work with secular ones, and they require coordination between militaries, diplomatic corps, development organizations, and civil society. The Countering Violent Extremism (CVE) program is helping to reframe the global policy community’s percep-
A Countering Violent Extremism panel at the fifth annual Worldwide Security Conference. From left to right: EWI Countering Violent Extremism Program Manager Jonathan Mroz, Mohammed Mohammed Ali of the Iraqi Reconstruction Group, and author Irshad Manji
Catherine Murray Smith, a driving force behind the Countering Violent Extremism Initiative
P h i l i pp e V e ld e m a n
Countering Violent Extremism
tions and highlight the critical role of soft power in a global struggle of ideas. Communities around the world are facing a shared enemy—one that claims to base its actions on ideals and ethics, but in reality seeks to justify violent extremism. CVE is forging consensus across religious, ethnic, ideological, and national boundaries to create a common, coordinated approach to help combat this enemy. Since 2006, EWI’s CVE program has been working to develop such an approach. The initiative conducted comparative research on violent extremism around the world to enhance understanding among policymakers and counter-terrorism practitioners. It built bridges between secular and religious civil society to contribute to western public discourse about violent extremism. And it connected civil society with the highest levels of government to identify common, non-military responses to violent extremism of all sorts. The CVE initiative released its first set of policy ideas in the fall of 2007 in Countering Violent Extremism: Lessons from the Abrahamic Faiths. This groundbreaking report called on
civil society and communities of faith to take the lead in the fight against extremism. The report suggested that the role of government is limited in such a fight, and that faith-based organizations are the only entities with the flexibility and the moral authority to win the battle of ideologies. After the release of Lessons from the Abrahamic Faiths, EWI tapped into networks of civil society and youth groups around the U.S. to test the report’s recommendations. We met publicly and privately with religious groups, thought leaders, academics, theologians, activists, and policymakers across the country to compare the CVE initiative’s approach to countering extremism with other perspectives. In these consultations, EWI discovered a near-universal desire to move beyond the military emphasis of the Global War on Terror to explore a more nuanced approach that also addresses the social, political, and economic sources of violent extremism.
Looking Ahead One of the most important findings of these consultations is that civil society cannot solve the problem of violent extremism on its own. A comprehensive strategy requires the active participation of governments as well. EWI is now using its extensive global networks to engage governments around the world to support civil society—not only with military might, but also with humanitarian aid and development assistance. ■
15 from China, India, Pakistan, Sweden, and Japan. EWI relied on UN leaders and a committed network of NGOs to organize this discussion, and established close relationships with the UN Department for Disarmament Affairs and the IAEA in the process. At its annual Awards Dinner the evening before the event, EWI honored Dr. ElBaradei for his contribution to international peace and security. We also honored Senator Sam Nunn, former Secretary of Defense William Perry, and former Secretaries of State Henry Kissinger and George Shultz for their efforts to stimulate a new global debate on the elimination of nuclear weapons. EWI also convened a team of U.S. and Russian scientists to examine Iran’s nuclear and missile capabilities. The yearlong Joint Threat Assessment of Iranian Nuclear and Missile Capabilities carefully assesses Iran’s capabilities and U.S. and Russian efforts to address them, such as U.S. plans to deploy a missile defense system in Poland and the Czech Republic. Among other EWI-led activities on WMD during this period were: In November 2007, “New Channel” U.S.-Russia Track 2 discussions in Moscow, and, in December 2008, a meeting of Russian and American scientists and other experts on a joint threat assessment of Iran and other WMD issues. Discussions in China with the People’s Liberation Army and other Chinese specialists in May and June, 2007 and May 2008.
Weapons of Mass Destruction At the Millennium Review Summit in New York in 2005, heads of UN member states agreed for the first time ever that weapons of mass destruction (WMD) pose one of the most serious and imminent threats to human security. Still, they could not agree on practical responses to these threats, especially threats from nuclear weapons. The most significant hurdles to consensus on such responses are the divisions between the United States and Russia on the one hand and, on the other, divisions between NATO and countries such as China, Egypt, India, Iran, Israel, Pakistan, Syria, and North Korea. Since December 2006, EWI has been working to overcome these divisions. EWI has relied on its record as a trusted convener and its networks at the highest levels of government— particularly in Russia, China, and the United States—to address political obstacles that have stalled global arms control discussions. A series of events and meetings organized in 2007 and 2008 have helped to reenergize these discussions. The most prominent of these was Seizing the Moment: Breakthrough Measures to Build a New EastWest Consensus on Weapons of Mass Destruction and Disarmament, a historic consultation at the United Nations on UN Day, October 24, 2008. UN Secretary General Ban Ki-moon delivered the keynote address, offering a five-point proposal to eliminate nuclear weapons and an unprecedented endorsement of an international convention against such weapons. The worldwide media coverage of the event was testimony to its impact on the WMD debate. Other speakers at the consultation included: IAEA Director General, Mohamed ElBaradei; former U.S. Secretary of State Henry Kissinger; Russian Ambassador to the U.S., Sergey Kislyak; and representatives
U N P h o t o b y Paul o F i lgu e i r as
Getting to zero
In October 2007, a meeting with key officials of the U.S. Congress and the United Nations on public-private partnerships to counter biological terrorism. A January 2008 meeting in Beijing with leaders of China’s arms control community on the total elimination of nuclear weapons. A multilateral meeting in April 2008 to eliminate intermediaterange nuclear forces. EWI also published several policy papers, including: Preventing Nuclear Terrorism: The Washington-Moscow Alliance (2007), The Security of Pakistan’s Nuclear Facilities (2008), and Nuclear Fuel Banks: Moscow, Washington to Lead on Mergers (2008).
Looking Ahead In the coming years EWI’s WMD program will continue its sustained Track 2 dialogue with key stakeholders, especially Russia, China, and the U.S., to encourage breakthroughs in stalemated discussions. Our efforts will include a Swiss-governmentfunded project to take Russian and U.S. nuclear weapons off high alert and to build consensus on a joint de-alert strategy. We will also engage Chinese experts on arms control, nonproliferation, and disarmament, both at the global and regional levels, through a series of public and private meetings. In addition, EWI expects to host Chinese visiting fellows to participate in joint studies on these issues. ■
Plenary session at EWI’s WMD consultation on October 24, 2008. From left to right: IAEA Director General Mohamed ElBaradei, EWI Chairman George Russell, UN Secretary General Ban Ki-moon, and former U.S. Secretary of State Henry Kissinger.
16 dressed the return of the use of force in international relations, expanding the discourse beyond an exclusive focus on NATO-Russia tensions. GLC members also weighed in on the new U.S. presidency, contributing a truly global view to EWI’s recommendations for the Obama administration.
Global Leadership Associates
First meeting of the Global Leadership Consortium at Oxford University in July 2008
Harnessing the power of global networks EWI has been convening meetings of diverse thought leaders for nearly three decades. Still, the scene at Oxford University in July 2008 was unprecedented. More than a dozen security policy institutes from around the world came together for the first time to launch the Global Leadership Consortium (GLC), a forum of leaders and experts created to help its members think globally and act collaboratively. The meeting brought together leading institutions from across the globe, from Brazil to Ethiopia to the U.A.E. to China. The motivation for the initiative was simple: the world’s most significant security challenges are increasingly global, and no single organization or think tank can develop the global perspective needed to meet them. By connecting national and regional intellectual organizations into a global network, GLC not only contributes to the understanding of global security
issues, but also creates innovative, comprehensive solutions to address them. Since its inception, GLC has been globalizing EWI’s work and allowing EWI to think, create, and act beyond cultural, national, ethnic, and religious boundaries. As a permanent network of globally mindful, solutions-oriented leaders, GLC works on three major issue areas: energy and climate security mitigation of regional tensions (with a particular focus on Afghanistan and Southwest Asia) the creation of more inclusive global governance structures In each of these areas, GLC is broadening the debate to include multiple points of view and working to produce versatile negotiation methods that are sensitive to these varied perspectives.
As part of EWI’s efforts to develop and sustain a global worldview, GLC has made it a top priority to develop the next generation of global decisionmakers. To that end, GLC created the Global Leadership Associates program, an emerging-leader program that is bringing together a new generation of global citizens to address tomorrow’s security challenges. Global Leadership Associates work closely with GLC members to develop the creative approaches required to address GLC’s three main issue areas. The Global Leadership Consortium is a critical component of EWI’s work. It allows us to rise beyond our national, cultural, and intellectual limitations and develop a wider view on the world. GLC members allow us to bring our ideas to parts of the world we cannot reach on our own, and they allow us to bring their ideas to our traditional areas of expertise. With GLC, we can ensure that the EastWest Institute’s work is as innovative, inclusive, and effective as possible. ■
Global Lens GLC’s primary public product is Global Lens, a web-based publication that synthesizes global ideas on critical security concerns. In each issue, GLC members provide their perspectives on topical issues and together build a 360-degree view on security concerns. For instance, during the 2008 conflict between Russia and Georgia, GLC members ad-
EWI Distinguished Fellow Mark Gerzon, who spearheads the Global Leadership Consortium
Ensuring safe, responsible, and reliable energy for the 21st century
P h i l i pp e V e ld e m a n
Dwindling energy reserves, concerns about climate change, and the recent downturn of the global economy are challenging conventional approaches to energy. And as energy supplies waver, they can trigger conflicts. EWI works to minimize the potential of energy-related conflicts by convening high-level policymakers and technical experts to build confidence, reconcile differences, and help institutionalize international cooperation for greater energy security. We devise innovative approaches to energy security that are sensitive to national sovereignty, environmental concerns, and the needs of international energy markets. In 2007 and 2008, the Energy Security Initiative worked on both regional and global levels. On the global level, we brought together on several occasions leaders from around the world to determine common responses to global energy threats. In February 2008, we hosted A Day in the Future: Accelerating Solutions to Security Threats, a day-
An energy panel at the fifth annual Worldwide Security Conference. From left to right: Maria Livanos Cattaui, member of EWIâ€™s Board of Directors, EWI fellow Angelica Austin, and Danila Bochkarev, Program Manager of EWIâ€™s Energy Security Program
Jeroen van der Veer, Chief Executive Officer of Royal Dutch Shell, at A Day in the Future: Accelerating Solutions to Security Threats in February 2008
P h i l i pp e V e ld e m a n
long consultation aimed at developing proactive strategies to address future security threats. Jeroen van der Veer, Chief Executive Officer of Royal Dutch Shell, delivered the keynote address, focusing on widespread concerns about energy security. In April 2007, we worked with the Madariaga European Foundation and the French Petroleum Institute to bring together leaders from energyexporting and energy-importing countries to help rebuild confidence in international energy markets. The meeting, Energy and Conflict: Current Controversies, was held to reconcile the needs of international trade with the political reality of increasing protectionism in energy markets. Among the speakers was Ali Asghar Soltanieh, Iranian representative to the International Atomic Energy Agency, who called attention to developingworld perceptions of a Western double standard about nuclear energy. In February 2007, we hosted an international conference on energy security where leaders of governments, business, and civil society organizations devised strategies to better protect energy infrastructure, create global frameworks for sustainable energy production, and speed up the transition to a post-carbon era. European Energy Commissioner Andris Pieblags delivered the keynote address. The Energy Security Initiative
has also played an important role in bilateral and regional relationships. The Energy Security Initiative worked in tandem with the U.S.-Russia Constructive Agenda to promote U.S.Russian cooperation on civil nuclear regimes, liquefied natural gas, joint hydrocarbon investment projects, and exploration of Arctic mineral reserves. The series of discussions over 2007 and 2008 produced a number of policy recommendations, including the creation of a global energy regime similar to the international maritime regime.
Looking Ahead Our work of the last two years has pointed to the need for two new institutions: an international nuclear fuel corporation to monitor the use and storage of nuclear fuel, and a Global Energy Security Council to oversee and coordinate global energy institutions. Moving ahead, we will work to help create these institutions. We will also continue to convene meetings of experts on resource and climate security and work to establish a worldwide knowledge bank that promotes the exchange of environmentally friendly technology. â–
18 Participants at an EWIorganized youth camp in the Balkans.
Regional and Transfrontier Cooperation
Helping to rebuild the Balkans In 2007 and 2008, EWI’s Regional and Transfrontier Cooperation Initiative worked to facilitate dialogues across national, ethnic, and religious lines in the post-conflict societies of the Balkans. The initiative operated three projects that served as a vital bridge between centers of authority and peripheral communities. We brought big ideas, such as European integration, from regional capitals to more isolated communities, and we brought day-to-day realities of towns and villages to the halls of power. The best known of these projects was the GPKT Project in Kosovo, Macedonia, and Serbia. The project takes its name from the four border towns in which it operated: Gjilan/ Gnjilane, Presevo, Kumanovo, and Trgoviste. The project was active throughout the protracted period of tension after the Balkan conflicts
of the 1990s and brought together communities from across the SerbiaKosovo divide. EWI worked with schools, youth groups, journalists, women’s organizations, business people, and municipal officials to build or rebuild links in an area that was very interconnected before the 1990s. We convened crossborder working groups, organized summer youth camps and joint school excursions, and organized discussions on the role of women in peacebuilding. We also helped coordinate international assistance to ensure that it was responsive to local needs. For more information on the GPKT project, please visit www.gpkt.org. Many local and international observers credited the project with making an important contribution to the peace-building process. They included representatives of the United Nations Development Programme, the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe, the European Union, and the governments of Austria, Germany, Switzerland, and the United Kingdom. A second project, the PrespaOhrid Euroregion project, tackled political tensions that arose when the borders between Albania, Greece, and the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia (fYR Macedonia) opened in the early 1990s. These tensions
went mostly unnoticed until 2008, when Greece blocked fYR Macedonia’s bid to join NATO. Despite these tensions, EWI observed strong local will to cooperate. EWI helped establish Euro-region associations in all three countries, a crucial first step on the way to formal, institutionalized cooperation in such fields as economic development, joint infrastructure development, and the promotion of social and cultural relations in support of regional and European integration. The associations brought together mayors, local development agencies, chambers of commerce, higher education establishments, and NGOs. They continue to serve as effective vehicles for cooperation across borders. A particularly challenging project was the Southern Adriatic project, which operated between border regions of Bosnia and Herzegovina and Croatia and Montenegro. The war of the early 1990s created intense bitterness and hostility in this region that has persisted to this day. Nevertheless, EWI built bridges across these tenacious divides by promoting a series of joint cultural events, a cross-border journalists’ working group, and a number of small projects focused on joint scientific research. Most significantly, EWI and its partners were instrumental in the establishment of an umbrella commission on cross-border cooperation, which received the public backing of the foreign ministers of all three countries. The commission now meets regularly and is managed entirely by local authorities. EWI officially ended its projects in the Balkans in 2008 to focus on issues of more global concern. But it has left a lasting legacy in the region: the success of its efforts since the early 1990s has now produced a spin-off organization that is continuing this work. EWI’s project staff created a new organization, the Institute for Stability and Development, that remains committed to bridging divides in the Balkans and the Black Sea region. For more information on the continuing efforts of the Institute for Stability and Development, please visit www.isd-network.org. ■
19 tory and follow-up meetings around the world and the release of related publications. In 2007 and 2008, we convened such meetings in Beijing, Moscow, Istanbul, and New York. To maximize the conference’s influence, we work to: Establish WSC as a serious contribution to policy debate and policy change. Reinforce EWI’s role as a promoter of collaborative solutions to global threats. Position EWI as an innovative thought leader in the field of global security. Position EWI as a leader of policy change by partnering with influential and innovative organizations with global standing. Select a wide range of effective and stimulating speakers from around the world. Develop a pool of conference participants that will carry EWI’s messages and presence back to a worldwide constituency at appropriate levels to promote policy change.
Worldwide Security Conference
EWI’S flagship public conference EWI’s annual Worldwide Security Conference (WSC) is a platform to reframe perceptions of international security threats and opportunities. It mobilizes experts from governments, businesses, NGOs, and academia to make practical recommendations for policy change. WSC began in 2003 as a response to concerns on both sides of the Atlantic about the need to develop a more comprehensive and collaborative counter-terrorism effort. It has since become an annual event in Brussels, and has broadened to cover most aspects of EWI’s work, including: countering violent extremism protecting people, economies, and infrastructure energy security building a new East West consensus on weapons of mass destruction
High Profile Speakers WSC 4 and 5 attracted prominent speakers, including: Cemil Çicek, deputy prime minister of Turkey Laszlo Kovacs, European Commissioner (Hungary) Javier Ruperez, Executive Director of the UN Counter-Terrorism Committee (Spain) Gao Jian, Director General for External Security, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of China
In 2007 and 2008, EWI partnered with the World Customs Organization and the Chair of the G8 (Germany in 2007 and Japan in 2008). Other partners included the Club of Madrid, the Royal Institution World Science Assembly, and the China Arms Control and Disarmament Association. In both years, we expanded the geographic reach of the conference with participation from a larger number of countries, especially in Asia. Media coverage in Asia of the ideas canvassed at the conference also increased dramatically over that of previous years. In 2008, we reached our highest level of registration ever: 750 participants from six continents.
Not Just a Conference WSC continues throughout the year through a series of prepara-
P h i l i pp e V e ld e m a n
Plenary session at EWI’s fourth annual Worldwide Security Conference in 2007
General Ehsan ul-Haq, former Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff of Pakistan Mary Robinson, former UN High Commissioner for Human Rights and former president of Ireland Sadiq Al Mahdi, former prime minister of Sudan Jeroen van der Veer, Chief Executive Officer of Shell International plc (Titles reflect the speakers’ positions at the time)
Innovative Approaches Publications released in connection with the conferences focused on counter-terrorism and included: The Security of Pakistan’s Nuclear Facilities (2008) Narcoterrorism (published in partnership with the Canegie Institute, Sweden) (2008) Protecting People, Economies and Infrastructure: Summary Report for the EastWest Institute’s Fifth Worldwide Security Conference (2008) Civilians and Civil Rights in Counter-Terrorist Operations (2007) Building a Global Network to Combat Terrorists (2007) WSC 5 in 2008 featured a special daylong event, held in partnership with the Shell Scenarios Unit, to develop strategies to deal with future threats and opportunities. We compiled the event’s visionary ideas in a short publication, A Day in the Future: Accelerating Solutions to Global Security Threats ■
Extending our influence
The EastWest Institute offers a broad array of public activities and recommendations. In 2007 and 2008, our staffers and fellows published 19 EWI Policy Papers, 4 EWI Action Agendas, and numerous event reports and opinion pieces in the press and on foreign policy websites. Some of these publications became parts of book-length collections of papers. For example, we published Energy and Conflict Prevention (2007) in partnership with the Madariaga European Foundation and the Tercentenary Fund of Sweden. EWI President John Edwin Mroz published a chapter entitled “Leadership over Fear” in the book Leaders of the Future (2007). Several publications by EWI staff and fellows were translated into foreign languages. Among them: Chinese, Japanese, Russian, Swedish, Spanish, Portuguese, and Arabic. Because EWI seeks to build trust between countries and other parties in conflict on sensitive security issues, many of its activities are kept, of necessity, out of the public eye. To open up and nurture channels aimed
EWI’s Deputy Director of Policy Innovation Jacqueline McLaren Miller
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Policy Innovation and Rapid Response
at defusing tensions, EWI routinely brings together top government officials, policy makers, specialists, and business leaders, assuring them of full confidentiality as they tackle some of the world’s most difficult problems. In 2007 and 2008, many of these ongoing discussions led to creative new suggestions for policy changes. On several occasions, EWI senior staffers conveyed those ideas directly to foreign ministers or other top officials. As in the past, some of the proposals generated by EWI’s discreet Track 2 processes were ones that had not previously figured in official channels. EWI capitalizes on the ideas generated by our activites, both on and off the record, by targeting its messages for specific audiences. Many of the recommendations that emerge from Track 2 activities are relayed to relevant policy makers and experts. Our communications team also disseminates our public documents through our website www. ewi.info, sends out press releases, maintains extensive personal contacts with reporters from around the world, and arranges media appearances for
EWI staffers and fellows. As a result of such efforts, EWI’s flagship events like the annual Worldwide Security Conference and special events like the October 24, 2008 session at the United Nations on the elimination of weapons of mass destruction attracted the attention of major international news organizations and local media as well as NGO websites and blogs. The reporting on those events, along with considerable coverage of EWI’s policy papers, gave EWI a higher global public profile than ever before. One reflection of EWI’s new stature: in 2008, it was included in Foreign Policy’s list of top 30 think tanks in the United States. Even more tellingly, senior statesmen expressed their appreciation of EWI’s role in promoting its goal of forging collective action for a safer and better world. Speaking at the October 24 United Nations’ event, Secretary General Ban Ki-moon declared, “The EastWest Institute is challenging each of us to rethink our international security priorities in order to get things moving again. As your slogan so aptly puts it, you are a think and do tank.” “My principal engagement with Russia and China is through the EastWest Institute’s strategic dialogues with the United States,” said General James Jones, now the U.S. National Security Adviser. “They are unusually direct and focused. It is quite clear that they are taken with seriousness by those who govern on both sides.” There’s no more compelling testimony about EWI’s effectiveness than those expressions of appreciation from the leaders charged with making a new era of cooperation not just a slogan but a daily reality. ■
21 EWI brings together thought leaders from the U.S. and Russia at this 2007 meeting in Washington D.C.
From left to right: EWI President and CEO John Edwin Mroz, board member Ahmet Oren, and Dinstinguished Fellow Mark Gerzon
Distinguished Fellow Henry Crumpton (far left) and Cindy Crumpton (far right) EWI board member Leo Schenker
23 Dorrit Moussaieff, First Lady of Iceland (left), with Dion Russell
President of Iceland Ă“lafur Ragnar GrĂmsson
2007 Outstanding Leadership Award recipient James H. Billington, Librarian of the U.S. Congress
From left to right: EWI board member Bud Smith, staff member Terri Cerveny, and Chairman George Russell
John Negroponte, then the U.S. Deputy Secretary of State
2007 Outstanding Leadership Award recipient Evgeny Pavlovich Velikhov, Secretary of the Public Chamber of the Russian Federation (left)
EWI Chairman Emeritus, co-founder of PepsiCo, Donald J. Kendall
Co-Chairs of the 2008 Awards Dinner Benefit Committee, Deborah Kessler (left) and Debby Jones Lash
EWI Vice President Ortwin Hennig and board member Louise Richardson
EWI board member Joel Cowan (left) with General James L. Jones (retired), now the U.S. National Security Adviser
EWI board member Ross Perot, Jr. (left) with Corporate Leadership Award recipient Joseph E. Robert
EWI board member Henrik Torgersen (right) and his wife Vibeke
From left to right: Statesman of the Year Award recipient Sam Nunn, award sculptor Richard Erdman, and Peace Building Award recipient Mohamed ElBaradei
From left to right: EWI Vice Chairman Armen Sarkissian, Lori Zalbowitz, Nuneh Sarkissian, NadĂ¨ge Roux, and EWI board member Laurent Roux
EWI board member Tom Meredith and his wife Lynn From left to right: Vali Nasr and EWI board members Francis Najafi and Don Kendall, Jr.
EWI Director Emeritus Emil Constantinescu and his wife Rodica Cazacu
EWI board member Sir Fraser Morrison and Lady Patricia Morrison
Audited Financial Information 2007
Investment gain/(loss) In-kind contributions Net revenue from special events Other Total public support and revenue
Expenses Program services Management and general expenses Fundraising Total operating expenses
Net Assets Change in net assets before foreign translation income Foreign translation gain/(loss) Net assets at beginning of year Net assets, end of year
Left: Filmmaker Jonathan Stack (left) and Bawa Jain, Secretary General of the Millennium
July 14, 2008
World Peace Summit of
EWI convenes the first meeting of the Global Leadership Consortium
Religious and Spiritual Leaders
June 26, 2008 Promoting Media Responsibility in Countering Violent Extremism
June 28, 2008
Shamil Idriss, Acting Director of the United Nations Alliance of Civilizations
EWI releases Metal Fingerprint: Countering Illicit Trade in Precious Metals and Gemstones
The Renova Group
Marjorie M. Fisher Fund
The Goergen Foundation, Inc.
Allen & Company LLC
Shelby Cullom Davis & Co., L.P.
Josephine Graf Foundation
American International Group, Inc. (AIG)
The Hascoe Charitable Foundation
Statkraft AS Telenor ASA
The Per and Astrid Heidenreich Family Foundation
Thorium Power, Ltd.
The Hurford Foundation
FOUNDATIONS AND TRUSTS
The InterTech Group Foundation, Inc.
AM-TAK International Anonymous (4) The Capital Group Companies Chevron Corporation
Institute for Philanthropy
The Coca-Cola Company
The Kendall Family Foundation
East Bay Company, LTD.
The Baldridge Foundation
S.D. Bechtel, Jr. Foundation
General Electric Company
Marshall Bennett Estate Trust
Charles G. and Rheta Krammer Foundation
Hillwood Development Group, L. P.
The Brinson Foundation
The Lodestar Foundation
J.E. Robert Company, Inc.
Butler Family Foundation
JPMorgan Chase & Co.
Amon G. Carter Foundation
The Carolyn and Mike Maples Charitable Foundation
The Community Foundation for Greater Atlanta, Inc.
The Eugene McDermott Foundation
The Kathryn W. Davis Foundation, Inc.
Charles Stewart Mott Foundation
Shelby Cullom Davis Foundation
Kingsley H. Murphy Family Foundation
Rohit and Katharine Desai Family Foundation
MBIA UK Insurance Ltd Motorola, Inc. Najafi Companies Norilsk Nickel Nu-Tak Trading Corporation PepsiCo, Inc.
Francis Finlay Foundation
The John W. Kluge Foundation
Ploughshares Fund Red Bird Hollow Foundation
EWI Vice President Greg Austin (left) with Vadim Lukov, Russian ambassador to Belgium
Above: the Global Leadership Consortium. Left: Dale Pfeifer, Deputy Director of EWI’s Global Leadership Program (left) and Distinguished Fellow Mark Gerzon.
July 27, 2008
EWI releases Nuclear Fuel Banks: Moscow, Washington to Lead on ‘Mergers’
Managing the Fallout from the RussiaGeorgia Conflict
Donors (continued) Rockefeller Brothers Fund Daniel & Joanna S. Rose Fund
INDIVIDUALS AND FAMILIES
Edward W. Rose III Family Fund of The Dallas Foundation
Herbert Allen III
The Russell Family Foundation Sabadia Family Foundation Schenker Family Foundation The Smack Foundation Jane & Bud Smith Family Foundation, Inc.
Anonymous (8) Greg Austin Jeremy and Friederike Biggs James and Connie Binns Peter Carlson
The Starr Foundation Walter P. & Elizabeth Stern Foundation, Inc.
Miriam and Ira D. Wallach Philanthropic Fund
Terri A. Cerveny
George B. Hambleton Colin and Anita Harley Stephen B. Heintz Emil Hubinak R. William Ide, III Sheila Broderick Johnson Penelope D. Johnston Donald and Sigrid Kendall Richard and Deborah Kessler Rami Khouri
Kathryn W. Davis
The Whitehead Foundation
Lucy and Nathaniel Day
The Widgeon Point Charitable Foundation
William D. Dearstyne, Jr.
Matthew T. King Maria-Pia Kothbauer James and Deborah Jones Lash Christian Leffler
Roberta and Steven Denning
Cyvia and Melvyn Wolff Family Foundation
Susan Falk and Joel Segal
Robert D. Ziff Gift Fund of Fidelity Charitable Gift Fund
Mr. and Mrs. Harold B. Finn
John S. Grace John Gunn and Cynthia Fry
Neville P. Bugwadia Maria Livanos Cattaui
The Jerry and Anita Zucker Family Foundation Inc.
Jane Gilday Sandy and Lisa Gottesman
Francis Finlay Mr. and Mrs. Peter M. Flanigan Karen and Gerry Fox Mr. and Mrs. L. Scott Frantz David R. Frazer Mr. and Mrs. Clayton W. Frye, Jr.
Mark Maletz Diane S. Mather Jenny May-Maiello Mr. and Mrs. James E. Moltz Jeffrey J. Morgan John Edwin Mroz Jonathan R. Mroz Karen Linehan Mroz
Left: 2008 Corporate Leadership Award recipient Joseph E. Robert. Right: Peacebuilding Award recipient Mohamed ElBaradei with EWI Chairman George Russell
October 10, 2008 Longtime EWI leader Martti Ahtisaari wins Nobel Peace Prize
October 23, 2008 2008 Awards Dinner honoring champions of WMD nonproliferation and disarmament
Above: Sam Nunn, one of the Statesman of the Year Award recipients (left) and EWI Vice President Pal Sidhu
Zdzislaw T. Nagengast
Don and Sara Nelson
George F. Russell, Jr. and Dion Russell
Gouverneur H. & Edith C. Nixon
Robert B. Oxnam
George F. Sheer
Rita Coveney Pudenz
Mr. and Mrs. Hilton C. Smith, Jr.
A. Steven Raab and Virginia Jackson
John A. Roberts
Michael B. Yanney
Edward J. Robson
W. Paul Zimmerman
Mr. and Mrs. John R. Robinson
PUBLIC SECTOR AND NON-PROFITS West Michigan WPO Chapter, Inc. German Federal Foreign Office Swiss Federal Office for Foreign Affairs Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency (Sida) ■
John Dickson Rogers
Ross and Sarah Perot | An act of giving Critical to our fundraising success were Sarah and Ross Perot. In the spring of 2007, they offered EWI a $500,000 grant, challenging the Institute to match their gift with another $500,000. The 2007 Perot Challenge inspired more than three dozen existing donors and new friends to contribute almost $790,000, providing a total of $1,289,972 for our work for global security. These funds propelled EWI through 2007 and into 2008, strengthening operations, attracting new senior staff, and supporting enhanced programming. We are profoundly grateful for the Perots’ continued leadership, generosity, and active engagement in our work. ■
October 24, 2008 EWI breaks new ground to build a new East-West consensus on weapons of mass destruction
December 8-9, 2008 EWI brings together political parties from China and the U.S. for the first time since 1989
’09 Above: Keynote speaker UN Secretary General Ban Ki-moon. Left: Plenary session panelists Mohamed ElBaradei, Ved Malik, Sergey Kislyak, and Henry Kissinger
Above: EWI President and CEO John Edwin Mroz (left) with Ma Zhengang, President of the China Institute of International Studies. Left: Zhang Zhijun, Vice Minister of the International Department of the Communist Party of China (left) with former U.S. Secretary of State Madeleine Albright
Kathryn Wasserman Davis | A class act Among the many people who have provided the re-
sources and inspiration for our work, Kathryn Davis is in a class of her own. Throughout her remarkable long life (she celebrated her 100th birthday in 2007), she has been a major supporter of the arts, education, genetic science, environmental conservation, and, most of all, global peace initiatives. In 2008, she demonstrated her continued confidence in EWI’s work by offering a fiveyear grant that matches all new and increased donations up to $500,000 every year for the next five years. That will translate into $5 million for EWI over the period covered by her extraordinary gift.
“My challenge to you is to bring about new ideas for preparing for peace instead of preparing for war,” she told the Institute’s board of directors when she accepted EWI’s 2006 Peace and Conflict Prevention Prize in Potsdam, Germany. “Not long ago a duel—by sword or gun—resolved a private dispute. That’s gone forever. We think it’s an absurdly ridiculous approach to resolve conflict. We need to see the use of weapons of mass destruction as an even more absurd, even more preposterous approach!” Her generosity will allow EWI to implement programs that help bring that day a little closer. ■
Board of Directors
EWI Chairman George Russell with General James L. Jones (retired)
OFFICE OF THE CHAIRMEN George F. Russell, Jr. (U.S.) Co-Chairman Russell Investment Group and Russell 20-20
Francis Finlay (U.K.) Co-Chairman
Armen Sarkissian (Armenia) Vice Chairman Eurasia House International Former Prime Minister of Armenia
OFFICERS John Edwin Mroz (U.S.) President and CEO EastWest Institute
Mark Maletz (U.S.) Senior Fellow Harvard Business School Chair of the Executive Committee
R. William Ide III (U.S.) Partner McKenna Long & Aldridge LLP Counsel and Secretary
Leo Schenker (U.S.) Senior Executive Vice President Central NationalGottesman, Inc. Treasurer
MEMBERS Martti Ahtisaari (Finland) Former President of Finland Jerald T. Baldridge (U.S.) Chairman Republic Energy Inc. Thor Björgólfsson (Iceland) Chairman Novator Peter Castenfelt (U.K.) Chairman Archipelago Enterprises, Ltd. Maria Livanos Cattaui (Switzerland) Former Secretary General International Chamber of Commerce
Mark Chandler (U.S.) Chairman and CEO Biophysical
Emil Hubinak (Slovak Republic) Chairman and CEO Logomotion
Joel Cowan (U.S.) Professor Georgia Institute of Technology
Wolfgang Ischinger (Germany) Global Head of Governmental Affairs Allianz SE
Rohit Desai (U.S.) President Desai Capital
Donald Kendall, Jr. (U.S.) CEO High Country Passage L.P.
Ólafur Ragnar Grímsson (Iceland) President of Iceland
Sigrid RVC Kendall (U.S.) Managing Partner Kendall-Verwaltungs-GmBH
Stephen B. Heintz (U.S.) President Rockefeller Brothers Fund
Richard Kessler (U.S.) Chairman and CEO Empire City Capital Corp.
32 James A. Lash (U.S.) Chairman Manchester Principal LLC
Francis Najafi (U.S.) Chief Executive Officer Pivotal Group
Christine Loh (China) CEO Civic Exchange, Hong Kong
Frank Neuman (U.S.) President AM-TAK International
Kanwal Sibal (India) Former Foreign Secretary of India
Ma Zhengang (China) President China Institute of International Studies
Ahmet Mucahid Oren (Turkey) Chief Executive Officer Ihlas Holding, A.S.
Henry J. Smith (U.S.) Chief Executive Officer Bud Smith Organization, Inc.
Ross Perot, Jr. (U.S.) Chairman Perot Systems Corporation
Hilton Smith, Jr. (U.S.) President and CEO East Bay Co., Ltd.
Louise Richardson (U.S.) Principal St. Andrews University
Elizabeth Symons (U.K.) Former Minister of State Foreign and Commonwealth Office
John R. Robinson (U.S.) Co-Founder Natural Resources Defense Council
Henrik Torgersen (Norway) Senior Vice President, Advisor to CEO Telenor
Michael Maples (U.S.) Former Executive Vice President Microsoft Corporation Peter Maurer (Switzerland) Ambassador Permanent Mission of Switzerland to the United Nations Thomas J. Meredith (U.S.) Co-Founder and Principal Meritage Capital, L.P. Fraser Morrison (U.K.) Partner Teasses Capital
Laurent Roux (U.S.) President Gallatin Wealth Management, LLC
Ramzi H. Sanbar (U.K.) Chairman Sanbar Development Corporation, S.A.
Pierre Vimont (France) Ambassador Embassy of the Republic of France in the United States Matthias Warnig (Germany) Managing Director Nord Stream Bengt Westergren (Sweden) Senior Vice President for Corporate & Government Affairs, Europe & C.I.S. AIG Companies Igor Yurgens (Russia) Chairman Institute for Contemporary Development
Clockwise from left: Donald and Sigrid RVC Kendall. From left to right: Stephen B. Heintz, Mark Maletz, Mark Chandler, and Francis Finlay. Richard Kessler. R. William Ide III. Vice Chairman Armen Sarkissian.
Zhang Deguang (China) President China Foundation for International Studies
Left: Jerald T. Baldridge and his wife Emy Lou. Right: Kanwal Sibal. Far right top: Jane and Bud Smith. Far right bottom: Rohit Desai (left) and Emil Hubinak
NON-BOARD COMMITTEE MEMBERS Marshall Bennett (U.S.) President Marshall Bennett Enterprises
John A. Roberts, Jr. (U.S.) President and CEO Chilmark Enterprises L.L.C.
J. Dickson Rogers (U.S.) President Dickson Partners, L.L.C.
George Sheer (U.S.) President (retired) Salamander USA & Canada Founder & CEO International Consulting Group, USA
CHAIRMEN EMERITI Berthold Beitz (Germany) President Alfried Krupp von Bohlen und Halbach-Stiftung
Hans-Dietrich Genscher (Germany) Former Vice Chancellor and Minister of Foreign Affairs
Ivan T. Berend (Hungary) Professor University of California at Los Angeles
Donald M. Kendall (U.S.) Former Chairman & CEO PepsiCo., Inc.
Whitney MacMillan (U.S.) Former Chairman & CEO Cargill, Inc. Ira D. Wallach (U.S.) Former Chairman Central National-Gottesman, Inc. EWI Co-Founder
DIRECTORS EMERITI Jan Krzysztof Bielecki (Poland) Chief Executive Officer Bank Polska Kasa Opieki S.A. Former Prime Minister of Poland Emil Constantinescu (Romania) Institute for Regional Cooperation and Conflict Prevention (INCOR) Former President of Romania William D. Dearstyne (U.S.) Former Company Group Chairman Johnson & Johnson John W. Kluge (U.S.) Chairman of the Board Metromedia International Group
Maria-Pia Kothbauer (Liechtenstein) Ambassador Embassy of Liechtenstein to Austria, the OSCE and the United Nations in Vienna William E. Murray (U.S.) Chairman The Samuel Freeman Trust John J. Roberts (U.S.) Senior Advisor American International Group Daniel Rose (U.S.) Chairman Rose Associates, Inc.
Mitchell I. Sonkin (U.S.) Managing Director MBIA Insurance Corporation Thorvald Stoltenberg (Norway) President Norwegian Red Cross Liener Temerlin (U.S.) Chairman Temerlin Consulting John C. Whitehead (U.S.) Former Co-Chairman of Goldman Sachs Former U.S. Deputy Secretary of State
Fellows and Staff Staff
Fellows Allen Collinsworth Angelica Austin Daniel Bautista Henry Crumpton Jonas Hartelius
Lance W. Lord Manshu Xu Mark Gerzon Najam Abbas Stephen Tankel
Emina Ajvazoska Mark Anderson Jessica Apgar Dagmar Aserova Dejan Atanasovski Gregory Douglas Austin Irena Babushkovska Sarah Barroo Timothy Bass Mladen Basta Emilija Belogaska - Jordanovska Terri-Louise Beswick Danila Bochkarev Virginia Bodyfelt Svetlana Boiko Lizza Bornay-Bomassi Jocelyn Brooks Donald O. Brown Neville Bugwadia Terri Cerveny Wayne Chow
Damon Clyde Eden Collinsworth Gregory Attila Connor Ingo Dean Allison Doenges Marija Dojranska Blanka Dolezalova Marija Dukovska-Pavlovska Jean Dumont de Chassart Margaret Gaon Robert Garnett Christopher Geier Paola Gonzalez Sara Gribbon Zoran Grozdanovski Shpresa Hajdari Hyzri Halimi Azmat Hassan Lejla Emma Haveric Ortwin Hennig Christine Mary Hirst Amy Rebecca Holland
Clockwise from left Eden Collinsworth. From left to right: Vanessa Hradsky, Robert Garnett, and Ellen Jorgensen. Pal Sidhu (left) and Henry Crumpton. From left to right, Margaret Gaon, George Russell, and Dagmar Aserova (above). Andrew Nagorski (left) and Vladimir Ivanov (below). From left to right, Jean Dumont de Chassart, Sarah Terry, Ryan Kreider, Michele Miranda, and Gail Manley. EWI staff at a retreat in Gig Harbor, WA.
Vanessa Hradsky Vladimir Ivanov Ellen K. Jorgensen Matthew T. King John W Kluge Piin-Fen Kok Milos Kostovski Ryan Kreider Liza Kurukulasuriya Alexander Kvitashvili Natasha Lazovska Jodi Lieberman Christine Lynch Gail Manley Carrie Marsh Antoni Mickiewicz Jacqueline McLaren Miller Violeta Mintcheva Michele Miranda Sayyeda Mirza-Jafri Mirela Mise John Edwin Mroz Jonathan R. Mroz Zdzislaw Ted Nagengast
Andrew Nagorski Stephen Noerper Marina Peunova Dale Pfeifer Robert Andrew Plessinger Mirjana Pehcevska Pop-Iliev Joseph Procak Pavel Prochazka Anais Rivera Luz Rodriguez Anneleen Roggeman Nancy Esther Romano Shelly Ross Leonid F. Ryabikhin Aisha Sabadia Marcy Schuck Elizabeth Seuling Muhamet Shabiu Arian Shumkovski W. Pal Sidhu Ilina Slavova Ondrej Sterbak Dejan Stjepanovic Dorothy Stube
Benjamin Sturtewagen Paul J. Sullivan Stephen Raoul Sullivan Sarosh Syed Valbona Tahiri Sarah Terry Myo Min Thein Davor Tilinek Liliya Troshina Devon Tucker Saleem Vaillancourt Carol Ann Van Domselaar Nadine Vansteenbrugge Constantin Vidrenko Ljubisa Vrencev Melvin Washington Nathan Wendt Stepanka Wolna Andrew Yu Vesna Zlatkovska
Founded in 1980, the EastWest Institute is a global, action-oriented, thinkand-do tank. EWI tackles the toughest international problems by: for discreet conversations representatives of institutions and nations that do not normally cooperate. EWI serves as a trusted global hub for back-channel â€œTrack 2â€? diplomacy, and also organizes public forums to address peace and security issues.
issues to look for win-win solutions. Based on our special relations with Russia, China, the United States, Europe and other powers, EWI brings together disparate viewpoints to promote collaboration for positive change. networks of key individuals from both the public and private sectors. EWI leverages its access to intellectual entrepreneurs and business and policy leaders around the world to defuse current conflicts and prevent future flare-ups.
The EastWest Institute is an international, non-partisan, not-for-profit policy organization focused solely on confronting critical challenges that endanger peace. EWI was established in 1980 as a catalyst to build trust, develop leadership, and promote collaboration for positive change. The institute has offices in New York, Brussels, and Moscow. EWI Brussels
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